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O T5 1 7
C
91
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region IN
406 Penn Square Building
1317 F ilbertS t.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e P ro v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a rw ic k , R h o d e Is la n d —
M a s s a c h u s e tts , M e tro p o lita n A re a , M a y 1971

Bulletin 1 6 8 5 -8 0
September 1971

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C.. 20402 — Price 40 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o v i d e d a ta o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n x f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y a nd s k ill l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a nd in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

Introduction__________________________________________________ ______________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_________________________ .

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e t o g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g i o n s a n d th e U n ite d S t a te s .

A. Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations—
men and women________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men and
women______________________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations__________________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations___________

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t io n o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a n d o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers------------------------------------------------------------------------------B -2 . Shift differentials____________________
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours____________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays_______________________________________________

T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a r w ic k , R .I .—M a s s . , in M a y 1 9 7 1 .
T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y
th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s
o f th e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s in R h o d e I s la n d :
C e n tra l F a lls ,
C r a n s t o n , E a s t P r o v i d e n c e , P a w t u c k e t , P r o v i d e n c e , an d
W o o n s o c k e t c i t i e s , a nd s e v e n to w n s in P r o v i d e n c e C o u n ty ;
N a r r a g a n s e t t a nd N o r t h K in g s t o w n to w n s in W a s h in g t o n
C o u n ty ; W a r w ic k c i t y and t h r e e to w n s in K e n t C o u n ty ; a ll
o f B r i s t o l C o u n ty ; a nd J a m e s t o w n to w n in N e w p o r t C o u n ty ;
a n d in M a s s a c h u s e t t s :
A t t l e b o r o c i t y a n d n in e c o n t ig u o u s
to w n s in B r i s t o l , N o r f o l k , a n d W o r c e s t e r C o u n t ie s . T h is
s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
B o s t o n , M a s s . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V .
M u lk e r n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
5

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied_______ ____________________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods______________________

4
6
7
10
11
12
13

15
16
17
18

B -5 .

P a id v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________

19

B -6 .

Health, insurance, and pension plans_____________________

22

Appendix. Occupational descriptions______________________ _____ __ ____

25

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r ta b u la t io n s a r e
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

a v a ila b le

fo r o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t— a r w ic k a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le
W
f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g
e m p l o y e e s ; a n d l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s an d h e l p e r s .

ill




In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a nd o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a nd e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th e y te n d t o f u r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la t io n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n ce to b e tt e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
S u ch s h if t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le
2 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in
th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a nd (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e jo b t i t le s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n ou g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t s h o w n
o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a nd e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c t u a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a nd n o t th e n u m b e r
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2

a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e la t e t o p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a ta f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s n ot
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a nd a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s ( in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
t io n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and th e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a nd l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e li m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r i e s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , an d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the
su rvey.
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a ll o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , a nd
p e n s io n p la n s ( t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




met either of the following
formal provisions covering
if it ( l ) h a d operated late
written form for operating

a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lif y f o r
th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th r o u g h
B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l im it e d to da ta on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le an d h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It is n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r a ll le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g t o a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E s t im a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s a n d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s an d t h o s e w h ic h
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . S u ch e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l,
a lu m in u m , a nd c a n in d u s t r ie s .
D a ta on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a nd t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e p la n ,
e v e n i f l e s s th an a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
L e g a lly
r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e is li m i t e d to th a t ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b i l i t y .
I n fo r m a t io n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a nd N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,
p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
con­
r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
^ The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.

3
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s . S ep arate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
eith er o r both ty pes o f b en e fits.
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




M a jo r m e d ic a l in su r a n c e in clu d e s th o se plans w h ich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a nd
s u r g ic a l p la n s. M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to plan s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p lete o r p a rtia l pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
Dental in su ra n c e u su a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , a nd X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a re plans w hich
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a ccid e n t da m a ge.
P lan s m a y be u n d e r­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit o rg a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
t h is p u r p o s e . T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o
t h o s e p l a n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.

4

T a b le 1.

E sta blish m en ts and w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f su rv e y and n u m b er stu died in P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck e t—W a r w ick , R.I.—M a s s .,1

by m ajor industry division ,2 M ay 1971
N u m b e r of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Studied

Within scope
of study*

Studied
Nu m b e r

Percent

786

150

150.602

-

506
280

74
76

102,601
48,001

10
0
6
8

50
50
50
50
50

36
47
106
38
53

13

24

9,964
3,604
18,827
10,751
4,855

All divisions---------------------------Manufacturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5___________________
Wholesale trade-------------------------Retail trade______________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate------Services 8________________________________

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

50

1
0
1
2
17

Total4
Plant

32

7

2

13
7
3

Office
Total4

108.493

20.998

67.062

81,194
27,299

9,460
11,538

39,745
27,317

6,315
(6)
15,274
o
(6)

1,744
(6)
1,876
(‘)
(6)

7, 112
861
10,035
6,639
2,670

1 The Providence— Pawtucket— Warwick Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of the following areas in Rhode Island;
Central Falls, Cranston, East Providence, Pawtucket, Providence, and Woonsocket qities , and seven towns in Providence County; Narragansett and North Kingstown towns in Washington County;
w arwick city and three towns in Kent County; all of Bristol County; and Jamestown town in Newport County; and in Massachusetts; Attleboro city and nine contiguous towns in Bristol, Norfolk,
and Worcester Counties. The '*work«r-e-within .sejope...of*§iudy"-e«tim^tes shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in
the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
4 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m i n i m u m limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 A b b rev ia te d to "p u b lic u t il it ie s " in the A -

and B - s e r i e s

ta b le s .

T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s

in ciden tal to water tran sp ortation w ere excluded.

8 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the
sample was not designed
initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from thereal estate portion only in
estimates for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Seven-tenths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Providence— Pawtucket—
Warwick area were employed in manufacturing firms. The following presents the major
industry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing;
Industry groups
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries------------------ 22
Textile mill products--------- 12
Instruments and related
products-------------------- 10
Machinery, except electrical__ 9
Electrical equipment and
supplies-------------------- 8
Primary metal industries---- 8
Fabricated metal products---- 7
Rubber and plastic products- 6

Specific industries
Costume jewelry and
notions---------------------- 10
Jewelry, silverware, and
plated w a r e ----------------- 9
Nonferrous rolling and
drawing--------------------- 7
Mechanical measuring and
control devices-------------- 6
Electric lighting and
wiring equipment------------ 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
materials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions m a y
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 ab«ve.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in dex.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e xe s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to t h e d a t e o f
the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual rates o f i n c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n th e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een su rv ey s.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e t o r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu siv e of earn in gs fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a re b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L i m i t a t i o n s o f D a ta

M ethod o f C om putin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s
of
ch ange in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a re in flu e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w as a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
O ffice clerical (m en and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerics, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerics, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerics, order
Clerics, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffice boys or
girls)

The
p l i e d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w e re rela ted
g a t e f o r th e

O ffice clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Secretaries
Electricians
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
A and B
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Tool and die makers
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (men and
cleaners
women):
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r ce n ta g e s of change r e f le c t on ly ch anges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o vertim e.
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a dju sted to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a vera ge (m ean) e a rn in gs fo r ea ch o ccu p a tio n w e r e m u lt i­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e totaled.
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s
b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
ea rlier year.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5

6




T a b le 2 .

I n d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la rie s and straigh t-tim e hourly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in

P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et—W a r w ick , R.I.—M a ss., M ay 1 9 7 0 and M ay 1971, and p e r c e n ts o f in cre a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
All industries
Period

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Manufacturing
Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
wo men)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

Indexes (May 1967=100)
M a y 1970...................................
M a y 1971___________________________ _____ —

118. 1
126. 0

126. 8
134. 0

119. 0
128. 3

M a y 1967-------- --------------------------M a y 1971___________________________________

128. 8
162. 2

134. 0
179- 5

127. 4
163. 4

120. 5
129. 7

119. 2
127. 3

127. 5
134. 3

118. 9
126. 9

121.2

133. 5
179. 3

127. 0
161. 1

120. 7
155. 6

6.2
3. 9
6.2

2. 5
3. 4
5. 0
2. 1
3.6
4. 9
5. 4
5. 5
6.5
5. 9
6.7

2. 5
2.8
18
.
2. 7
4. 4
10
.
6.5
3. 9
5. 9
1 .2
0
6. 3

128. 8

Indexes (May 1961*100)
119- 3
154. 6

125. 5
159- 8

Percents of increase
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1961_______________________
1962_______________________
1963----------------------1964----------------------1965----------------------1966----------------------1967----------------------1968----------------------1969_______________________
1970_______________________
1971-----------------------

3. 1
4. 9
3. 1
4. 6
3. 1
3. 8
6.4
5. 6
5. 3
6.2
6.7

6. 1
3. 2
6.8

4. 1
4. 5
4. 8
6.6
8.6
7. 9
8.2
5. 7

3. 4
3. 5
4. 6
2. 5
3. 6
4. 8
5. 6
5. 1
6.7
6.2
7. 8

2. 9
3. 2
2. 9
2.6
3. 0
12
.
5. 1
5. 7
5. 4
8. 1
7. 6

4. 2
4. 7
3. 2
3. 7
2. 9
3. 3
5.4
5. 7
5. 7
6.7
6.8

4. 7
3. 4
5. 4
6.2
8.2
8.9
8.2
5. 3

N O T E : Most previously published indexes for the Providence— Pawtucket— Warwick area used M a y
1961 as the base period. They can be converted to the new base period by dividing them by the
corresponding index numbers for M a y 1967 on the M a y 1961 base period as shown in the table. (The
result should be multiplied by 100.)

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Providence— Pawtucket-Warwick, R. I — Mass., M a y 1971)
.
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

s

woikers

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

70

75

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earning s of—
t
$
$
$
$
$
*
*
$
t
$
t
85
90
95 100 105 n o
80
115 120 130 160 150 160

75

60

85

$

Under 65
*
and
under
65

Average
weekly

70

$

$

170

S
180

180

190

t

t

190

and
90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

160

150

160

170

200 over

MN
E
66

$
$
$
$
38.5 150.50 167.00 1 30 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

36

38.0 159.00 169.00

31
31

39.5 126.50 121.00 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 66 .50
39.5 126.50 121.00

32

38.5

9otoO

86 •50
93.00

90

39.5 101.50

98.00

9 1 .0 0 9 6 .0 0 -

62
59

39.5
3 9.5

92.00
92.00

8 0 .0 0 - 96.50
7 9 .0 0 - 96.50

88
56

38.5 106.50 106.00
39.5 106.00

9 7 .0 0 -

39.0
60.0

8 2 .0 0 - 96.00
8 9 .0 0 100.00

8
1 06 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

manufacturing”---------— --------------------

8 5 .5 0 - 97.50
7 8 .5 0 - 92.00

1

1
13

1

1

-

-

2

13
1
12

12
5

IB
11

10
7

2

2

16
16

16
2
12

36
35

1

4

1

1

WMN
O E
BILLERS, MACHINE {BILLING
110.00
116.00

15
11

1
1

11
11

1

12
12

*

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
89.50
87.50

1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
115.00

12
12

26
18

10

21

19
5

15
13

8

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
161
66

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

189

88.50
93.50

89.00
93.50

39 T5 117.50 119.00 1 03 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

1
25
-

-

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
86

3 9lo

36

30 "

86.00

82.00

7 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

52
66
19

56
35

10

1

-

6
27
21
6

39
12
27

60
20
20

16
10
6

31
12
19

57
23
36

39
31

112

108

81
53
28
16

53
19
36

72
25
67
6

16

73

12

30

58

21

35

47

51
33

55

39

18

23

39
16

82. 00

12

37.5

75.50

76.50

3 7.5

75.00

76.50

7 2 .5 0 - 79.00

34

7 2 .5 0 - 79.00

216




36

27
21

IB

3

1

10

Alt'

163

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

32

265

$
200

19

6

17
6

1

1

1

1

1

8

66

62

12
11

10
3

10
1
1

-

1

-

8

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on

area basis by industry division, Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R. I.— ass., May 1971)
M

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*

Average
w eekly

s
65

s

$

S

$

*

S

*

*

t

$

t

t

$

-

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

130

140

150

160

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

8
-

3
-

4
-

2
-

4
4

36

19

2
2

20
20

4
4

6
6

2

-

3

5
2
3

19

4

11
5
6

3
3

3

50
36
14

22
19

8

4

3
2
1

15
6
9

35

14
8
6
6

46

40

30
16
9

32
8
6

54
44

30
24

10
9

6
2

5
1

4

5

9

1

3

2
2

13

Under
m_

2

M edian 2

Middle range2

*
65

(standard)

WOMEN

70

70

occupation, and industry division

and
under

CONTINUED
$
95.00

$
$
89.50-119.00

87.00

102.00
90.50

91.50-128.00
77.50- 97.50

103.00
103.00
102.50
88.00

101.50
102.00
100.50
92.00

91.50-114.50
92.50-113.50
90.50-118.00

48

39.0
39.5
38.0
38.0

79.00-100.50

63
44

38.5
37.5

93.00
88.00

93.00
85.50

77.50-111.50
72.50-104.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

200
132

39.0
39.5
38.5

100.00
100.50
99.50

98.50
97.50
101.00

93.00-107.50

68

93.00-107.00
91.00-108.50

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F 8 C T U R I N G -----------

365
224
141

95.00
95.00
95.00

94.00
94.00
93.50

86.50-103.50
87.50-103.50
84.00-103.00

_

40.0
38.0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

54
39

38.0
37.0

86.00
87.50

80.00

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------

1,243
722
521
48
39

38.5
39.5
37.5
37.5
38.5

120.00
124.00
115.00
150.00
97.50

115.50
118.50
111.00
158.00
95.00

102.5
106.0
97.5
131.0
81.0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

84
49
35

38.5
39.5
37.5

149.00
153.50
142.50

143.50

129.00-181.00
140.00-189.50
128.00-162.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

308
199

39.0
39.5

135.00
139.00

_
-

38.0

127.00

133.00
140.00
123.00

116.50-149.00
125.00-151.50

109

111.00-141.00

-

“

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

384

38.5

115.50
116.00

-

-

113.50

105.00-134.00
108.50-132.50
100.00-141.00

-

39.0
37.5

118.50
119.00
118.00

-

243
141

*

“

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

467
231

38.5
39.5

106.50
109.50

105.00
106.50

37.5

103.50

103.00

95.50-116.00
100.50-118.50
92.00-113.50

-

236

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

452
208
244

38.5
39.5
37.0

97.50
99.00

97.00
99.00
96.00

90.50-104.50

_

91.50-108.50
90.00-101.50

-

2
-

96.00

-

2

C L E R K S , O R D E R -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

210
147
63

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------

345

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES

See footnotes at end of tables.




254
91

89

44
45
25

39.0
39.5

$
103.00
109.50

39.0

39.0

81. 50

152.50
139.00

76.00- 93.00
75.00-100.00
0
0
0
0
0

-

137.50
141.50
130.00
176.00
114.00

-

4
4

5
6
21
16
5

25

28

21

5

2

_

20
5

18
10

15
6

3
2

2
-

-

5
3

2
2

2
2

_

_

“

“

17
16

9

-

-

6

1

3

1

9

1

6
6

4
4

4
4

7

-

_

2
1
1

32

30
15

16
9

5

1
4

47
41

~

12
6
6

42

-

5
-

5

-

6

10

15

7

5
8

3
-

14

24
12
12

45
15

63
40
23

46
29
17

48
27
21

21
14
7

30
23
7

7
-

-

5
9

7
7

3

33
18
15

60

-

“

7

8
4
4

_

2
2

9
8

15
10

5
3

7
5

5
l

2
1

1
1

2
2

i
i

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

11
-

4
-

12
-

17
4

4
-

12
-

13
4

74
27
47
-

128
82

11
-

31
7
24
-

113
58
55
-

132
83
49
-

101
68
33
~

106
72
34

127
90
37

-

2

4

2

8

“

6

132
75
57
4
4

1
2

7
2

-

_

-

-

_

_

9

-

-

-

2
7

16
12
4

7
6

-

10
1
9

_

-

_

-

-

2
-

_

-

-

5
5

40
33

56
48

-

2

-

-

6

7

8

2
-

1
-

_

12
-

33

13
2

37
17

40

-

2

1

-

12

11

20

28
12

11
-

2
-

11
-

15
4

2

11

u

31

48
21
27

16

11

11
2
9

11
4

21
5
16

59
32

77
32

27

45

7

1
1
-

-

-

_

7

92
51
41
4

_

_

46
4
5

-

7

124.00
121.00
137.00

106.00-139.50

-

_

_

101.50-126.50
121.00-150.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

38.0

140.50

147.50

137.00-152.50

-

-

7
-

19

1

_

2

-

2

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

~

58
39
19
6

37
20
17
8

32
18
14
8

11
6
5
3

22
22
-

8
2
6

_

1

“

7
6
1

11
11
-

17

17

10
7

13
4

22
17
5

4
4

11
11
-

43

23

n

23
20

16
7

4
7

12
7

11
7

1
1

5

4

1
1

1
-

4
4

3

-

1

-

21
8
13

24

36
29
7

55
44
n

32
8

77
55

55
21

49
24

43
27

37
24

22

34

25

16

13

10
6

109
38

55
32

31
16

13
7

4
-

3
-

-

-

23

15

46
36
10

10
4

71

6

6

4

3

“

-

4

-

4
-

8
1

4

11
1
10

2
1

2

2
2
-

27
18

-

10
10
-

2
-

4

9

1

23
10
54
23

2

10
4

9
5
4

11
13

18
9
9
40

52
25
27
34
24
10

n

9

3
8

1

8

7
4

3
3
3

“

5

-

7
12

1

3
5

112.50
131.50

122.00

1

n

4
4

4
4

38.0

39.0
40.0

34

22
14

_

-

1

-

3
-

3
-

-

T a b le A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Providence—
Pawtucket-Warwick, R. I.— ass.. May 1971)
M
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earning s of—
$

*
Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Under
M edian 2

M ean 2

Middle range2

*

65

65

$
70

S

75

$

*

80

85

*
90

$

»

95

100

*

t

105

110

t

$

S

115

120

130

*

140

t

S

S

150

160

170

$

180

S

190

and
under

*

70

75

80

85

90

95

”

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

-

-

200

200
and

over

W M N - CONTINUED
O E
$

$

$

43

38.5

119.00

124.00

102.50-136.50

“

“

~

”

4

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

83
73

38.0
38.0

88.00
86.50

90.50
88.00

77.0075.50-

99.00
97.50

9
9

6
6

2
2

11
11

2
2

11
11

B

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

240
166
74

39.5
39.5
38.5

93.00
97.00
85.00

92.00
95.50
80.00

80.50-103.00
83.00-104.00
76.50- 99.50

-

5
5

13
6
7

38
12
26

46
39
7

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

115
64
51

38.5
39.0
38.0

97.00
104.50
88.50

97.00
104.50
82.50

84.00-108.00
97.00-109.50
74.00- 93.50

3

—

-

-

17
17

12
1
11

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------- *
-------

135
52
83

37.5
39.5
36.0

100.50
107.00
96.00

97.00
103.00
92.00

89.00-106.50
98.00-117.00
87.50-101.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

741
214
527

38.0
40.0
37.5

86.50
87.00
86.50

83.50
85.50
82.00

77.5081.5076.50-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A -------

See footnotes at end of tables




$

93.50
92.00
94.50

-

“

—

“

”

4

-

-

-

94
8
86

4

3

4

“

5

10

9

4

2

4
3

6
1

2
2

-

-

-

“

4
4

-

7

18
15

10
8
2

21
17
4

27
21
6

36
27
9

12
6
6

4
4
”

4
3
1

11
11

4

17
15
2

9
8
1

18
18

4

15
9
6

2
2
-

2
2

11
11
“

33
5
28

20
3
17

16
7
9

21
18

9
1

3

8

2
1
1

9
9

3

6
1
5

169
26
143

141
66
75

106
53
53

59
19
40

56
23

31
5
26

22
7
15

31
2
29

-

3
3

-

33

-

*
8

3
5

~
-

-

-

”

~

13
12
1

-

3

2

3

2

4
2
2

8
3
5

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

“

*

”

11
2
9

4

5

_

-

-

4

5

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

'
-

-

-

-

_

"

-

-

”
-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

1 0

T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—
Mass., May 1971)
Weekly earnings *
( standard)

Sex, occupation,

a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

—i---- s—
„

weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range2

.

100

------ *—

105

110

115

I

t

t

(

i

i

t

t

t

t

$

t

$

t

t

t

105

_

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

14

Under
S
and _
100 under

23
13

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3

6

_

115

120

MEN

39-0

$
165.00

$
160.50

$
$
149.00-191.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

70
30
40

39-0
39.5
39.0

126.50
125.50
127.00

128.00
130.50
127.00

114.00-134.00
113.00-134.00
116.50-135.00

COMPUTER

-------------------

24

o

102.50

103.00

101.00-104.50

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

57
27
30

38.5
39.5
37.5

172.50
179.50
166.50

175.00
185.00
171.50

161.00-189.00
171.00-195.00
159.00-177.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

61
48

39.5
39.5

240.00
236.00

236.00
232.50

218.50-251.00
217.50-240.00

60
33

39.5
39.5

197.50
194.50

197.50
201.50

172.00-225.00
153.00-234.00

*

OPERATORS,

CLASS

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A ---------

C

ANALYSTS,
A --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ANALYSTS,
B --------------------------------------------

o

30

COMPUTER

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

A

--------------------------------------------

78

202.00

198.00

CLASS

B --------------------------------------------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

-------------------------------------------------

----------------------

135
102
33

40.0
40.0
40.0

163.50
162.00
169.50

162.50
161.50
167.50

151.50-176.50
150.50-175.00
159.50-182.50

C ------------------------------------------------

112
92

40.0
40.0

130.50
129.00

130.50
130.00

124.00-136.50
123.50-134.50

90
80

39.5
39.5

140.00
139.00

144.00
143.50

121.00-154.00
123.00-152.00

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

10

6

5

2
4

4
i

NONMANUFACTURING
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

6

18
5
13

6
5
1

_

_

See footnotes at end of tables




4

1
1

3
1

“

1
1

17
17

6
6

15
13

6
1

4
4

5
3

6
3

4
2

7
3

2
2

6

2

3

3

2

2

“

~

6
3

-

*

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
11

1
- 1

19
7

~

-

_

_

2

*

“

2

3

11

16

ii

9

15

-

2

4

2

2

2

5
4

4

36

18
11

13
12
1

8

4

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

19
18
1

28
23

i

_

_

1
1

2

1

_

4

-

-

39
35

42
39

9
5

5

1
1

7
6

6

29

9

13

1

6

28

8

11

1

2

11
11

5

.

9

-

3

27
9

1

7

5

3
-

2

WOMEN

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

6
6
“

1

181.50-214.50

DRAFTSMEN,

o

-------------------------------------------------

o

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

2
12

1

5
3

“

“

11

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fessio n al, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n co m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Providence-Pawtucket-Warwick, R. I.— Mass., M a y 1971)
A ve rage

Occupation and industry division

N um ber

of

Weekly
Weekl y
hours * earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL AS S A ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL AS S B ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

112

3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0

90

3 9 .5

1 0 1 .5 0

63

3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0

60

3 9 .5

8 9 .0 0

88
56

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

142

3 9 .0

65
77

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

396

3 9 .0

221

3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

175

44
761
359
402

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 8 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
1
1
1
1

2
2
2
4

1
1
2
0

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

9 7 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

25

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

260
163

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

8 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

245
31
214

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

241

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

Num ber
of

A ve rage

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

$
9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

- CO NT IN UE D
365
224
141

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS AN D GI RL S)—
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

135

3 8 .5

47
88

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

SE CRETARIES --------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

1 ,2 4 3

3 8 .5

722
521

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

48
39

3 7 .5

84

3 8 .5

49

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

8 7 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS N O NH AN UF AC TU RI NG --KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFA CT UR IN G NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

See footnote at end of tables.




178
63
368
277
91
48

3 9 .0
3
3
3
3

9
9
8
8

.0
.5
.0
.0

1 1 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .0
1 0 3 .0
1 0 2 .5
8 8 .0

0
0
0
0

63
44

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

9 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

203
132
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

3 8 .5

Weekl y
earnings 1
(standard)

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

115
64

3 8 .5

$
9 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

51

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

135

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 8 .5 0

308
199
109

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 0 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0

52

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0

83

3 6 .0

9 6 .0 0

746
214

3 8 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0

532

3 7 .5

8 6 .5 0

CO MP U T E R OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

34

3 9 .0

1 6 2 .5 0

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

87
44

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

43

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

24

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S A -------------------

33

3 9 .0

1 9 1 .0 0

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

68
29
39

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 7 2 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------------

26

3 8 .0

1 5 2 .5 0

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

62
48

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 4 1 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0

COMP Uf ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL A S S B ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

62
33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0

8 6 .5 0

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

384

3 8 .5

243
141

3 9 .0
3 7 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

467

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

3 7 .5

1 0 3 .5 0

231
236

37. 5

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

452
208
244

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

89
44
45
25

3
4
3
3

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

44

3 8 .5

1 2 0 .0 0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CL A S S B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

83
73

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------

78

S W I T CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R EC EP TI ON IS TS M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

240
166
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

136
103
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

T A B U L A T I NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CL AS S B -------------------------------

3 8 .5

1 2 8 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

114

29

93

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CL AS S C -------------------------------

26

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

90
80

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
9
0
8
8

.0
.0
.0
.0

1
1
1
1

2
1
3
4

2
2
1
0

.0
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

o
o

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

41

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

C O MP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS C --------

35

3 8 .5

8 6 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----

150
84

Number
of

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Occupation and industry division

2 0 2 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0

1 2

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o cc u p atio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—
Mass., May 1971)
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings , 1 $
*
$
$
*
S
$
t
*
$
$
$
t
t
$
*
*
*
$
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20
U n d e r 2 *30
*
and
and
2. 30 under
*

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
woikers

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

*

$

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 over

HEN

159
108
51

$
3.77
3.63
4.05

$
3.72
3.66
3.87

$
3.473.333.63-

$
3.99
3.88
4.55

*

-------------------------------------------------

382
272

4.18
3.95

4.02
3.89

3.69- 4.90
3.60- 4.16

-

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y ----------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

142
64

4. 14
4.39

4.03
4.43

3.84- 4.48
4.06- 5.11

F I R E M E N , S T A T I O N A R Y B O I L E R --------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------

204
175
29

3.00
2.93
3.41

2.95
2.86
3.08

2.54- 3.18
2.53- 3.09
2.88- 4.10

M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF A CT URI NG ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

194
165
29
29

3.09
2.93
3.97
3.97

2.79
2.76
4.05
4.05

2.602.584.014.01-

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------------------MA N UF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

462
428

4.08
4.11

3.90
3.95

3.66- 4.32
3.72- 4.41

M E C H A N I C S , A UT O M O T I V E
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------------------------------------------

232

4.36

4.36

3.97- 4.85

. ._

X OX

CARP ENT ERS ,

HAI NTENAN CE

-------------

M A N UF A CT U RI N G --------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI NG ----------------------------------------ELECTRICIANS,

M AI N T E N A N C E

M A N UF A CT U RI N G

------------------------

oo

N ON MA NU FA C TU RI NG
HELPERS,

M A I N T E NA N CE

----------------------------------------T R AO ES

-------------------

•ov

"

*

*J

*•07

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

9
7
2

5
3
2

-

11
11

2
2

21
21

4
4

-

-

3

-

-

1
1

~

-

14
11
3

5
2
3

48
43
5

6
6

8
8

6
6

16
16

18
12
6

32
23
9

28
19
9

11
6
5

9
7
2

7
1
6

16
16

49
31

69
68

52
46

25
19

7
5

12

1
1

51
3

17
10

6
6

25
21

6

5

3
3

7
6
1

_

8
8

5
5

6
6

~

-

-

13
13

1
1

-

_

-

-

4

4
3

-

2
2

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
8
1

9
9

2
2

-

4
•

3.36
3.14
4.09
4.09

-

-

1

-

-

-

44
44

3

2

-

-

30
30
-

3

2

4
4

10
10

-

-

1
1
-

7
7

-

-

35
33
2
2

-

8
8

42
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
-

-

*

*

*

*

-

~

-

-

12
12

13
13

5
5

32
32

4

—

6

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.67- 3.80
3.23- 3.92

*

107
107

3.51
3.51

3.63
3.63

3.09- 3.73
3.09- 3.73

-

-

--------------------------------------------------

-

-

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------

49
27

3.35
3.51

3.08
3.25

2.91- 3.68
2.98- 3.95

-

-

7
-

•

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E NA N CE --------------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G ---------------------

94
94

3.59
3.59

3.65
3.65

3.22- 3.83
3.22- 3.83

*

-

-

.

“

-

-

x xa
4.49

MILLWR IGHTS

--------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------

M A N UF A CT U RI N G

M AN UF A CT U RI NG

---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




675
675

X il
4. 42

-

-

5

5
1
4

12
10

74
11

14
14

-

20
16

1
1

-

6

_

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

4

-

_
-

X tx
4.13- 4.74

*

-

-

-

-

5

-

1
1

—
—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

23
23

21
21

1
1

48
46

9

92

-

2

—

—

-

-

24
24

81
49

94
94

42
42

48
48

17
17

-

16
11

39
13
26

27

37

-

4
4

-

-

38
19
19
19

X

MA N UF A CT U RI NG

-

6
-

3.75
3.69

---------------------------------

15
15

*•05

3.74
3.58

MAINTENANCE

5

1
1

1 *

577
301

MECHANICS,

1
1
~

18
18

1
1

37
36

12
12

1
1

22
22

4
4

8
8

13
13

326
94

72
72

13
11

-

-

-

5
5

24
24

-

-

-

-

10
10

5
5

2
2

48
48

_

-

13
13

-

4
4

1
-

4
4

11
3

2
2

2
2

2
-

1
1

1
1

3
3

3
2

_

2
-

.

_

-

-

6
6

5
5

-

-

10
10

6
6

-

-

11
11

-

2
2

28
28

16
16

2
2

•
-

1

1

1

6

19
19

73

106

95

-

1

“

-

z~
rz

4

15
1

7
6

22
1

1
1

-

_

-

_
-

_

5
5

1
-

_

-

6
6

-

-

_
-

2
2

79

244

6

11

-

33

~

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o cc u p atio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Providence-Pawtucket-Warwick, R. I.— ass., May 1971)
M
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3
s
1 .7 0

S

*

$

$

*

*

*

*

S

S

S

S

$

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

%
2 .8 0

$

1 .9 0

s
2 .2 0

$

1 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3. 60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

*
■

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

CM

ID

$

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3. 80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

246

66

38

63

20
15

22

16
14

22
22

13

21

1

7

22

31

40
18

50
40

61

33
15
18

48

1
37

40
9

58

2
64

2

246

10

5

“

2

“

21

1

7

”

*

“

“

15

14

8

6

o

Medi an2

$

t

*

M ea n2

$

o

1 .6 0

o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

S

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

and
under

Middle range 2

o

MEN
G U AR DS AND WATC HM EN -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

764
232

$
2-08

$
1.95
2.43
1.73

$
1 .6 8 2 .2 3 1 .6 5 -

$
2.36
2.74
1.99

-

13

532

2.50
1-90

GUARDS
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

72

2.61

2.7 4

2 .2 0 -

2.9 6

-

2

1

-

5

10

8

1

-

2

WATC HM EN
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

160

2.45

2.40

2 .2 6 -

2.51

-

-

-

2

4

30

7

36

40

13

7

-

14

7

9

79
39

117
79

87

51

140

63

11

74

94
46

38
25

6

14

13
—

1
10
4

34

38

21
30
9

67
54

9

21

2

9

33
22

85
69
16
9

86

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------r e t a i l T r a d e --------------------

1 ,04 6

2.47

570
476
72

2.50
2.44

105

2.32

LABORERS, MA TERIAL H A ND LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,05 4

2.59
2.54

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

318
163

2.69
2.64

2.63
2.58

2 .5 0 2 .4 6 -

155

2 .7 4

2.68

2 .5 9 -

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

482
436

2.57
2.62

2.63
2.6 4

2 .5 1 2 .5 6 -

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

196
125
71
57

3.1
3.0
3.2
3.3

3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2

SH IPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

184
167

3. 04

SH IPPING AND RE CEIVING CLERKS ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

195
160
35
25

2
2
2
2

.9
.9
.8
.4

TRUCKD RI VE RS ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,00 5
490
1,51 5
1,10 7

4
3
4
4

.2
.1
.5
.7

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




860
194
55

3.13

2.80
2.39

5
8
8
9

2 .1 0 -

2.75

2.33

2 .2 0 2 .0 2 -

2.77
2.72

3.34
2.3 6

2 .7 1 1 .9 1 -

3.55
2.73

2.57
2.55

2 .2 5 2 .2 5 -

2.80
2.76

2.73
2.27

.0
.0
.2
.4

8
5
7
9

2 .2 6 1 .9 8 -

.8
.7
.9
.9

0
8
3
6

-

23
17
6

21
1
20

99
26
73

58
48

-

40
-

6

11

4

12

4

_

21

-

21
-

40
34
6

35
25
10

70
60
10

-

-

6

10

36
28
8
8

2.99
2.68

-

4

10
6

4

8

3.21

-

4

4

4

8

2.68
2.68

_

_

2

19

-

-

~

-

3
3
3
3

5
0
2
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

3.24
3.01

.5
.5
.9
.9

-

9

9

-

-

-

-

-

106

247

2

-

-

1

_

19

18

8

63

5

57
52

89

11

21
21

11

-

8

8

-

6

5

56

18

“

36

15
6

7
5

18
18

7
7

57
43

252
252

8
8

27
27

_

-

-

_

_

-

4

-

-

-

1

13
2

16
15

27
19

17
13

36
29

11

24
-

-

-

-

3
3

17
17
-

29

-

4
4

7
7

2
2

24
24

ii
ii

11

_

_

2 .6 2 -

3.36

-

-

-

-

-

2
3
8
0

3.02
3.03
2.55

3
3
4
2

_

_

_

-

-

5
-

-

-

2
2
2

10
10

2.52

2
2
2
2

-

4
7
8
8

4.81
3.03

3 .5 0 2 .6 7 -

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

“

”

“

-

-

-

4 .8 5
3.61

4.8 3
4.85
2 .8 5

4 .7 8 4 .8 2 2 .3 0 -

4.87
4 .8 7
3.6 2

2 .2 9 -

2 .6 9

2.52

2.61
2 .6 3
2 .5 4

2 .2 9 2 .2 9 -

2.70
2.59

3.74
3.42
3.91

3.40
3.05
3.49

3 .0 4 -

4.81

2 .7 8 3 .3 4 -

4.72
4 .8 4

2.97

164
134

2.58
2.59

30

336

-

_
-

-

-

5
5

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

_
~

_

”

_
”

11

1
1

_

•

11
7
5
5

1
1
12
12

2

2

-

-

2
2

13

-

2
2

51
37
14

20
20
-

8

30

14

~

~

_

4
4

5
5
-

44
35

-

5

-

5

8

-

13
-

15
15

11
4

33

8

18
11
4

57
29

7
7

-

-

-

22
22
-

-

28

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

~

22
22

2
2

_

-

-

“

“

23

-

-

5
6

-

“

5

12
12

38
31

1C
10

39
38

31
22

17
17
-

34

34

62
62

-

-

32
32
-

13

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

_
-

-

1
1

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

1

8

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

8

-

2

-

-

”

“

1

“

“

138
113
25
1

36

90

86

77

34
2
-

80

10

21
65

38
39

42
28
14

1

1

9

4

2

2

11
10

14

29

61
59

2
2

20
19

2

2

“

1

38
16

7
7

45
38

59

32

1

2

“

7

57

1
31

1

22

“

4

31

4

30

-

2

14
16

"

9

~

~

_
-

-

6

46
46

-

27

-

_

-

-

63
63
-

-

7
6
3
7

-

40
8

-

.1
.1
.0
.5

1
-

48

_

-

5
2

104
15
7

220
27

31
1

7
3
4
-

119

_

9
3
9
8

40

-

5

90
24
3

-

.6
.8
.3
.0

51

-

-

1

-

-

114

3.40

3.01

17
-

86
35
2
5

2 .6 6 -

4

70

“
-

12

3.0 4
3.02

55

118
218

2.38
2.39

37
11

13
16

1
1

-

_

“

-

26
26

~

~

l
“

_

_

-

-

3
3

~

264
34

1092

7

230

1092
1092

_

1

7

_

-

-

34
34

-

1
1

—
_

96

-

96

_

14
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l a n d m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Providence— Pa wtucket-War wick, R. I.— M a s s . , M a y 1971)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H ourly e arn in gs3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um b er
of
workers

1

$

*

1.60 1.70
M ean

2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle ran ge 2

*

*

$

*

1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10

$

*

S

r»

»

i

$

2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00

i

$

3.20 3.40

i

*

i

3.60 3.80 4.00

*

$

i

i

4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80

5.00

and
under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4. 60 4.80 5.00 5.20

MEN - CONT IN UE D
TR UC KD RI VE RS - C O NT IN UE D
TR UCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

1,280
61
1,219
971

$
4.70
3.53
4.76
4.80

$
4.83
3.43
4.84
4.85

$
4.802.894.814.83-

$
4.87
4.33
4.87
4.88

1
1
~

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TCNS,
OTHER THAN TR AI LE R TYPE) -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

214
166
48

3.58
3.33
4.43

3.57
3.45
4.81

3.03- 3.90
2.85- 3.75
3.69- 4.86

_

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

438
380

3.07
3.07

2.98
2.94

2.77- 3.28
2.76- 3.26

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

137
28
109

2.13
2.40
2.07

2.14
2.42
2.13

1.98- 2.18
2.06- 2.78
1.94- 2.17

5

2
2

18
18

12
6
6

2
2
-

76

5

73

2
2
-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

281
245

1.94
1.90

1.87
1.87

1.82- 2.02
1.81- 1.97

33
33

11
11

134
121

28
28

27
27

12
12

5
3

- -

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

5
5

12
12

2
2

7

-

8
8
_

12
10
2

-

11
9
2

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

_
“

6
6
“*

~

9
1
8
“

“

_

7

26
25
1

15
15
“

12
12
“

18
18
“

34
28
6

32
26
6

26
26

121

87
85

44
30

115
87

19
17

_

_

7
7
“

-

1
1
-

3
2
1

9
5
4

1
1

22
1

3
3

1
1

4
4

-

25
25

7
-

7
~

109

-

WOMEN

3

9
i
8

4
4
_

3
2
1
33
33

221
221
“
9

971
-

-

971
971
25

-

-

-

-

9

_

_

_

1
1

25
_

15

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

Table B-1.

Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w ic k , R . I . —M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 )
W
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la ry 4

Based on standard weekly hours 6 o f—

All
industries

All
schedules

E stablishm ents having a specified minimum-----------------------$57. 50 and under $60. 00__________________________ ______
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 _________________________________
$62. 50 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ........................... - .......................
_,_____ ,,—
$65. 00 and under $67. 5 0___ ______ ..------ . $67. 50 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 7 0 .0 0 and under $72. 5 0 ______________________________________________
$ 72 .50 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 .......................... ................................
$ 75 .00 and under $ 7 7 .5 0 _________________________________
$77. 50 and under $80. 00_________________________________
$ 80 .00 and under $82. 50_________________________________
$82. 50 and under $ 85 .00 _______________________________
$ 8 5 .0 0 and under $ 8 7 .5 0 ................................... ..................
$87. 50 and under $ 9 0 .0 0 ........................................................
$ 90.00 and under $92. 50_________________________________
$92. 50 and under $ 9 5 .0 0 ........................................................._
$ 9 5 .0 0 and under $97. 50_________________________________
$97. 50 and under $ 1 0 0 .0 0 _______________________________
$ 100. 00 and unde r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 ..... .................... ........ ........
$102. 50 and unde r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------

E stablishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers
in this category------

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le s ,




40

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

37Vt

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly hours 6 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

40

All
schedules

37l/a

40

XXX

150

E stablishm ents

E stablishm ents having no specified m inim um —

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

—

— —

74

XXX

76

XXX

XXX

150

74

XXX

76

XXX

56

31

24

25

8

10

68

34

27

34

10

2
7
8
6
9
7
8

•
2
3
3
6

1
2
3
6

2
5

2
4

2
4

3
1
.
1
1
-

2
.
4
3
6
12

.
2
1
4

1
1
3
6
1
3
1

2
2
2

.
.
-

•
1
-

1
.
2
1
•
1

1
1
1
1
.
•
•
-

•
2
2
1
1
3
.
1
•
.
-

2

2

1

1

1

6
1
2
1
3

4

2

2

1
1
1
2

1
-

1
1
1
1

.
l
l
l
3
1
1
1
1
•
-

5

3
3

15

3
3
1

2

7
1
3
1
3
1
2
1
1
1
•
2
1

2

1
1
2
2
1
1
1

16

11

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

30

19

XXX

11

XXX

XXX

78

32

XXX

46

XXX

XXX

52

21

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

4

7
2

3
1
4

2
1
1
•
2
-

2

1
1
1
1
1

5

3
4

2
2

2

1
1
-

5
4

2

16




T a b le B -2 .

S h ift differentials

(L a te-sh ift pay p rov ision s fo r m anufacturing plant w ork ers b y type and amount o f pay d ifferential,
P rov iden ce-P a w tu ck et— arw ick, R.I.— a s s., May 1971)
W
M
( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g - 100 p e r c e n t )

P ercen t o f manufacturing plant w ork ers—
L a te-sh ift pay p rovision

In establishm ents having prov ision s 7
fo r late shifts

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

Total________________________________________

T hird o r other
shift

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

78.9

68.3

13.9'

5.6

5.5

2.4

0.7

0.3

73.4

66.0

13.2

5.2

U niform cents (per h o u r)________________

55.4

51.3

10.4

4.0

5 ce n ts ------------------------------------------------7 ce n ts ------------------------------------------------7 V2 cents
8 cents
9 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------10 cen ts_______________________________
11 cen ts-.---- -----------------——— ------------12 cents .
13 cents
15 cents —
16 cents
18 cen ts-----------------------------------------------20 cen ts_______________________________
23 cents25 cen ts_______________________________
30 cen ts-----------------------------------------------40 cents-

16.7
1.3
1.1
4.4
1.3
17.0

1.9
1.9

1.5
1.5
-

15.7
1.2
3.5
1.3
10.1
1.0
3.2
2.9
3.1
1.9
1.5

3.5
.2
.1
1.2
.3
1.9

/■Uniform p ercen ta g e---------------------------------

13.2

4 p e rce n t_____________________________
5 p e rce n t_____________________________
7 p e rce n t---------------------------------------------10 percen t_____________________________
12 percen t-------------------------------------------20 percen t_____________________________
Other form a l pay differentia]---------------—

No pay d ifferential for w ork on late sh ift_____
P a y d ifferential fo r w ork on late shift
Type and amount o f d ifferential:

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

2.1
-

-

.5
-

.1
-

1.0
.7
.7
.2
-

1.1
.5
.1
.4
.2
.3
.4
.4
(8)
(*)

12.4

2.1

.9

.8
3.4
.7
8.3
-

8.9
.7
2.7

.3
.7
1.1
“

.9
-

4.7

2.3

.7

.4

-

2.2
3.0
-

1.8
3.9
-

-

.4
-

-

17
Table B-3.

Scheduled weekly hours

(P e rce n t distribution of plant and o ffice w ork ers in a ll industries and in industry d ivision s b y scheduled w eekly hours
o f fir s t-s h ift w ork ers, P roviden ce—
Fawtuckefc-Warwick, R.I.— a s s., May 1971)
M
O ffice w orkers

Plant w orkers
W eekly hours
A ll industries

A ll w ork ers-------------------------------------------------35 h o u rs _________________________________________
Over 35 and under 37 hours-------------------------------37 h o u rs --------------------------------------------------------------3 7 V h o u rs ----------------------------------------------------------2
Over 37 V and under 383 hours________________
2
/4
383 h o u rs ----------------------------------------------------------/4
40 h o u rs ________________________________ _______
Over 40 and under 45 hours_____________________
45 h o u rs _________________________________________
47V hours
2
___- _-_- _________ -________________
48 h o u rs ____________________________ ___________
50 h o u rs ___ _________________________ ____ —

See footnote at end of tables.




100
3
2
2
4
-

( 9)
76
2
6
1
2
1

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

4
-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

14
14
12
-

( 9)
80
1
7
2
2

-

-

84
10
7

50
2
-

5
3

A ll industries

100
10
4
1
21
1
6
55
(9)
1
-

Manufacturing

100
1
( 9)

Public utilities

R etail trade

100

100

2
56

13
1
14
68
3

42
-

-

-

-

-

3
13
13
20
1
50
-

Table B-4.

Paid holidays

(P ercen t distribution of plant and o ffice w ork ers in a ll industries and in industry d ivision s b y number of paid holidays
p rovided annually, P roviden ce—
Pawtucket— arwick, R.I.— a ss., May 1971)
W
M
Plant w orkers
Item

A ll w ork ers________________________

A ll industries

______

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h olid a y s__________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h olid a y s___________________________ *__

Manufacturing

O ffice w ork ers

P ublic utilities

R etail trade

A industries
.11

(Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

98

93

99

100

100

99

2

1

2

7

( 9)

-

-

( 9)

9

( !)
(9)

1
3
4
9
1
11
2
1
25
19
5
14
(9)
4
1
“

-

2
6
10
13

Number of days
L ess than 5 h olid a y s ____________________ _____
5 h olid a y s ____________________________________
6 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
6 holidays plus 2 half days . . _________________
7 h olid a ys_______________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 o r 2 half days ------- --------8 h olid a y s_______________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day _____________________
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ___________ ________
9 h olid a y s_______________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s -------------------------------10 holidays______________________________________
10 holidays plus 1 half d a y _____________________
10 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ___________________
11 holidays_____________________ ______________
11 holidays plus 1 half day ___ _____________
12 holidays______________________________________

3
2
9
1
9
2
13
3
1
34
3
1
12
1
1
2
( !)
(’ )

2
2
12
1
11
2
15
5
1
31
4
1
10
1
1
~

“
4
(’ )
58
3
25
7

3
4
“
8
63
5
"

2
2
5

( 9)
6
1
( 9)
22
8
3
36
1
2
7
3
1

“
-

-

8
47
9
19
16
“

67
2
-

'

Total holiday tim e 1
0
12 days or m o re ________________________________
IIV 2 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------11 days or m o re -------------------------------------------------I 0 V2 days or m o re ---------------------------------------------10 days or m o re -------------------------------------------------9 V2 days o r m orel----------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------8Vz d a y s or m o r e ----------------------------------------------8 d a y s or m o r e _________________________________
7 V2 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e _________________________________
5 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------4 days o r m o r e ------------ ----------- ---- -------------2 days o r m o re ___ __________________________
1 day or m o re _______ l
__________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




n

-

1
4
4

17
20
55
58
73
73
84
93
95
97
97
98

-

-

1
2
12
16
48
53
70
71
83
95
97
99
99
99

7
33
36
94
94
94
94
98
98
98
98
98
98
98
98

5
5
69
69
77
77
81
84
84
84
89
93

1
5
13
14
53
61
83
84
91
91
98
98
98
98
98
99

-

5
5
25
43
70
72
83
84
96
99
100
100
100
100

16
35
44
92
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

2
2
69
69
82
82
92
98
98
98
98
99

19
Table B -5.

Paid vacations

(P ercen t d istribution o f plant and office w ork ers in a ll industries and in industry d ivision s by vacation pay
p ro v is io n s , P rov iden ce—
Pawtucket— arwick, R.I.— a ss., May 1971)
W
M
O ffice w orkers

Plant w orkers
Vacation p olicy
A ll industries
A ll w ork ers_________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
73
25

100

100
100

97
96
-

100

100

100
100

100

98

Method o f payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations_________________________________
L en g th -of-tim e paym ent____________________
Percentage payment_________________________
O ther_________________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations________ _____________________

65
34

1

2

(9 )

96
4
-

-

-

3

*

-

-

-

53
23

_
31
-

67
5

17
34

-

15
15
33

18

2

_
54
“

‘

1

(9)

-

'

'

_

_
53
44
-

79
(9)
(9 )

_
14

_
9
-

74
7
(9)

88

1
0
2

2

-

97
3

Amount o f vacation pay 1
1
A fter 6 months o f se rv ice
Under 1 week__________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------- ----------2 w eek s___________________________ ___________
3 w e e k s _________________ __________________ -

42
23

2
2

66

1

1

67
4
26

74
4
19

n

-

1

1

2
1
1
2
63
(9)

4

2

(9)

A fter 1 yea r o f s e rv ice
Under 1 week__________________________________
1 week_____________________________ ________ __
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks - ___________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____________ _________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________ _

1
0

"

31
“

_
19

_
27
3
69

_
16
80

6

1

1

-

1

2
2

_
17
5
75

_
3
92

6
6

_
96

_
45
55
-

A fter 2 yea rs of s e rv ice
Under 1 week_______________ ______ ___________
1 week___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s__________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________

1
46

1
0

37
(’ )
5

1
56
13
23
7

6

-

_

87
(9 )

1

1
2

2
2

_

1
2
-

88
-

A fter 3 y ea rs o f s e rv ice

1 week___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________ _______

2
1

17
17
55

23
45

7

9

(9)

16
16
56
4
7

20
2
1

4
84

2

2

4
84

1
2

6

-

88
3

3
3
90

1

3

80

2
6

2
2

6

89
5

A fter 4 yea rs o f se rv ice

1 week____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ____________________________ ___________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _____________
____
____
________

47
4
9

1
2
(9)

6
88

3
3
89

3

4

-

-

2

5

6

80
4

6

_
96

6

2

89
-

2

5

95
2
1
2

3
63
29

A fter 5 yea rs o f s e rv ice

1 week_________ ____ ________ ______________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 wpplc?
___ - ___ ___ ____ .
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ______ ___________
3 w eek s_____________ __ __. . . . . . . . . . . . ___________ _
4 w e e k s ------------------------------See footnotes at end o f tab les.




3

4

2
68

67

4
82

7
19
(’ )

19
“

2
"

2
8

1
2

2
-

60
-

33
3

(9)
(9 )
74
5

19
1

(9)

1

78
7
14

1

5

Table B -5.

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P ercen t distribution o f plant and o ffic e w orkers in all industries and in industry d ivision s by vacation pay
p rov is ion s , P rov iden ce—
Pawtucket— arwick, R .I —M a ss., May 1971)
W
Plant w orkers

O ffice w ork ers

V acation p olicy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

R etail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

R etail trade

Amount of vacation pay 11— Continued
A fter 10 y ea rs o f s e rv ice

1 week_____________________________________ ____
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________
5 w e e k s __________________________________________

3

1

32
7
49

4

1

35
9
49

5
(’ )

1
1
1

3

4

2

_
85

1
2
2
-

2

26
40
30
-

_

(’ )

(9 )

17
3
73

28
7
61

94

5
-

4
-

-

1

1

-

2

2
2

3
28
37
32
-

A fter 12 yea rs o f s e rv ice

1 week_______________________________________ ___
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________ _____
3 w e e k s _________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _____________________
4 weeks __ ______________________________ .-----------5 w e e k s --------- ------------------------------ ------------------------A fter 15 y ea rs o f s e rv ice
1 week_______________________________________ ___
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s _______ __________________________________
O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w e e k s __________________________________________
6 w e e k s __________ \______ _______ _ ___________

1

1

28

29

51
3
5

51

8
1

1
1
2
1
1

3
23

4
26

41
7

44
9
15

1

22
2

1
1
1

(’ )
(9 )

-

3

4
24

_
85

1
2
2
-

46
42

1
2
-

2
-

26

40
30
-

2
19
14
62
-

15
3
76

(9)
-

1

22
6
66
2

5

3

1

1

(’ )
9
64
4
23
(9)

(9 )
14
53
7
25
-

-

-

(9 )

(9 )
13
15
5
62
4
-

1

1

_
-

2

94

2
2
*

-

2

52
44

2

*

3
28
37
32
3
16
42
39
-

A fter 20 y ea rs o f s e rv ice

1 week__________________________________________—
2 w e e k s _____________________________________ —---O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s ___ ________________ ______________ - —
O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w eek s ____ ______ _____________________________ _
O ver 5 and under 6 w eeks ___
___
__ __
_
_
__
O ver 6 weeks__ ____

22
1
20
7
43

2
2

1
2
1
9
37

1
2

(’ )
(’ )

-

3

4
24

1

-

88
1
2
-

2
19
7
69
-

8

31

2

55
(9 )
3
-

-

2

4
91

2

-

3
16
23
58
-

A fter 25 y ea rs o f s e rv ice

1 week__________ ____________ _______ _______ ___
2 w eek8 _____ _______________ _________ ___. ____
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________ —__
3 w eek s_______ ______ _______________ __ __
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s ______________ _________ ___ _________
O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 weeks
__ _______
6 w eek s ________ _______________________________ __
O ver 6 w eeks____________________________________
See footnotes at end of tables.




22
1
19
5
33
3

1
2
1
1

2

(9 )
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

15
5
56

4

23

-

-

27

62
-

7
42
27
-

‘

'

-

1
20

19

-

7
33
3

-

6
1
1

3
16

(9)

-

25

1
2

8

2

57

2

7

1

2

64
-

53
5
-

'

'

'

*

2
1
1

2

2

Table B -5.

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P ercen t distribution o f plant and o ffice w orkers in all industries and in industry d ivision s by vacation pay
p ro v is io n s , P roviden ce—
Pawtucket— arw ick, R.I.— a ss., May 1971)
W
M
Plant w orkers

O ffice w orkers

Vacation p olicy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

R etail trade

Amount o f vacation pay 11— Continued
A fter 30 y ea rs o f s e rv ice

1 week___________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s _________________ _________________ ____
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s __________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ___- __________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________
6 w eek s ____________________ ___________ ____
O ver 6 w eeks-------------- ----------------------------------------

3

22
1
19
5
32
3

1
1
2
2

4
24

1
20
7
32
3
5
3

2

_

2

-

19

-

-

-

7
42
27
*

25

1
2
62
-

*

(’ )

8

-

19

2

53

1

15

1
1

n
13
_
15
5
53

2
8
3

2

_
2
-

4
27

2

64
_
-

3
16
23
-

53
5
-

M aximum vacation available

1 week_____________ ____________________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s__________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s ______________________
5 w eek s __________________________________________
6 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 6 w eeks____________________________________

See footnotes at end o f tables.




3

22
1
19
5
31
3

1
1
2
2

4
24

1
20
7
32
3
4
3
3

_

2

-

19

-

-

-

7
42
27
-

2
1
1
2
66
-

(’ )

8

19

2

52

1

15

1
2

(*)
13
15
5
53

2
6
3
3

_
2

4
-

20
2
71
-

3
16
23
53
5
-

22

Table B-6.

Health, insurance, and pension plans

(P ercen t o f plant and o ffice w ork ers in all industries and in industry d ivision s em ployed in establishm ents1
providing
health, insurance, o r pension benefits, P rov id en ce—
Pawtucket— arw ick, R.I.— a ss., May 1971)
W
M
Plant w orkers
Type o f benefit and
financing 1
2

A ll industries i Manufacturing

100

A ll w ork ers-

100

99
81
67

68

60
50

60
51

O ffice w ork ers

P u b lic utilities

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

79

100

A ll industries

Manufacturing

P u b lic utilities

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

93

99

100

100

99

77
59

94
75

93
78

100
66

83
41

43
34

64
49

77
62

68
50

41
17
71

3 '
jfr
W orkers in establishm ents providing at
least 1 o f the benefits shown b e lo w __
L ife insurance —
____________ — - ---N oncontributory p la n s ---- .
— ___
A ccid en ta l death and dism em berm en t
insurance- -------------— —
N oncontributory plans
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave o r both 13------------------------------------

75
85

68

43

34

86

71

79

75

71

Sickness and accident insurance------------N oncontributory plans - Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod )—______ — __ - ------ Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)
------- — — ----

33
24

30

20

79
63

29
29

38
28

46
33

59
42

17

1
0

23

45

62

60

71

38

4

1

33

1
2

3

-

30

H ospitalization insurance___________________
N oncontributory p la n s ___
S urgical insurance—
N oncontributory p la n s —__________ —-------M edical in su ra n ce ___
_
— N oncontributory plans
M ajor m ed ical insurance
—
— —
N oncontributory plans
Dental insurance
—
— —
N oncontributory plans
R etirem ent pension—
N oncontributory p la n s ------------------------------

98
78
98
77
92
75
63
50
3
3
62
57

100

100

81

85

89
63

99
76
98
75
95
74
79
59

See footnotes at end o f tables.




100
80
94
76
62
48

2
2

58
55

100
85

100
85
85
70
16
16
96
89

88

62
82
62
58
48
-

70
60

1
1

84
74

-

100

100

81

83

100
81
97
79
70
50

1
1

75
63

100
83

100
83
90
73

2
2

94
87

8
8

94
53
82
41
64
41
37
33
_
-

62
43

23

Footnotes

A l l o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p ly to t h is b u lle t in .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a nd d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a te s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a te s h o w n . T h e m i d d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a nd a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la te s h ift s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d
w orkw eeks.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c lu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h if t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h if t s .
8
L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u ll a nd h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to t a l
o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s th en
w e r e c u m u la te d .
11 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 an d 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t im a t e s l i s t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s fin a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
13 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n fo r m a l s i c k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .







Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The p rim a ry purpose of preparing job d escrip tion s fo r the B ureau's wage surveys is to a ss ist its fie ld staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate
occupations w ork ers who are em ployed tinder a va riety of p a yroll titles and d ifferent w ork arrangem ents fro m establishm ent to establishm ent and
from area to area. This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content. B ecause of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com p arability of occupational content, the B ureau's job d escrip tion s m ay d iffer significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents o r those p rep a red fo r other p u rp oses. In applying these job d e scrip tion s, the B ureau's fie ld econ om ists are instructed
to exclude working s u p erv isors; apprentices; le a rn e rs ; beginn ers; tra in ees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p orary, and probationary w ork ers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLER , MACHINE

P osition s are cla ss ifie d into levels on the b asis of the follow ing definitions.

P rep a res statem ents, b ills , and inv oices on a m achine other than an ordinary or e le c t r o m atic typew riter. May also keep re c o rd s as to billings or shipping charges o r p e rfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to billing operations. F or wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
cla ss ifie d by type of m achine, as follow s:

C lass A . Under general supervision, p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
require the application of experien ce and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p ro ce ssin g c o m ­
plicated o r nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial va riety of
p re s crib e d accounting codes and cla ss ifica tio n s , or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p a n cie s. May be assisted b y one or m ore
cla ss B accounting cle rk s.

B ille r, m achine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m achine (M oon Hopkins, E lliott
F ish er, B urroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding m achines) to p rep are b ills
and inv oices from cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs , internally p rep a red o rd e rs , shipping m e m o ­
randums, etc. U sually involves application of p redeterm ined discounts and shipping ch arges,
and entry of n ecessa ry extensions, which m ay or m ay not be com puted on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine. The operation usually involves
a large num ber of carbon cop ies of the b ill being p repared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.

C lass B . Under clo s e supervision, follow ing detailed instructions and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m ore routine accounting c le r ic a l operation s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , ca rd s, o r worksheets where identification of item s and location s o f postings are
cle a rly indicated; checking a ccu ra cy and com pleten ess of standardized and repetitive record s
o r accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p re s crib e d accounting codes.

B ille r, m achine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (Sundstrand, E lliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which m ay or m ay not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' b ills as part of the accounts receiva ble operation. G en erally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' led ger record . The m achine autom atically accum ulates
figu res on a number o f v e r tica l colum ns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit o r credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W orks fro m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number of va ried subject m atter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m ateria l such as corresp on d en ce, rep orts, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep re co rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a sm all group of low er le v e l file cle rk s .

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

C lass B . S orts, co d e s , and file s un classified m aterial b y sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings o r partly cla ss ifie d m aterial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requested, loca tes cle a rly identified m ateria l in file s and forw ards
m aterial.
May p e rfo rm related c le r ic a l tasks required to maintain and s e rv ice file s.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish e r, Sundstrand, B urroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a re c o rd of business
transactions.
C lass A . Keeps a set of re co rd s requiring a knowledge of and experien ce in b a sic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia rity with the structure of the pa rticu lar accounting system
used. D eterm ines p rop er record s and distribution of debit and cre d it item s to be used in each
phase of the w ork. May p rep are consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s
b y hand.
C lass B . Keeps a re c o rd of one o r m ore phases o r sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of b a sic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
p a yroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d e scrib e d under b ille r ,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare con trol sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
P e rfo r m s one or m ore accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to re g iste rs and led gers;
recon cilin g bank accounts; verifying the internal con sisten cy, com p leten ess, and m athem atical
a ccu ra cy o f accounting docum ents; assigning p re s crib e d accounting distribution co d e s ; examining
and verifying fo r c le r ic a l a ccu ra cy various types of rep orts, lis ts , ca lculation s, posting, e tc.;
o r preparing sim ple o r assisting in preparing m ore com p licated journal vou chers. May w ork
in either a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork req u ires a knowledge of c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffice p ra ctice s and p roced u res
which relates to the c le r ic a l p roces s in g and record in g of transactions and accounting inform ation.
With exp erien ce, the w orker typ ica lly b ecom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and proced u res used in the assigned w ork, but is not required to have a knowledge o f the form a l
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

C lass C . P e rfo r m s routine filing of m aterial that has already been c la ss ifie d or which
is e a sily cla ss ifie d in a sim ple se ria l cla ssifica tio n system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or nu m erical). A s requested, loca tes read ily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P e rfo r m s sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and s e rv ice file s.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m e rs' ord e rs for m aterial o r m erch an dise by m ail, phone, o r personally.
Duties involve any com bination o f the follow ing: Quoting p r ic e s to cu sto m e rs; making out an o rd e r
sheet listing the item s to m ake up the o rd e r; checking p r ic e s and quantities of item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distributing ord er sheets to resp ectiv e departments to be filled . May ch eck with credit
department to determ ine cred it rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t of o rd e rs fro m cu stom ers,
follow up ord e rs to see that they have been fille d , keep file of ord e rs receiv ed , and ch eck shipping
in voices with origin al ord e rs.
CLERK, PA YR O L L
Computes wages o f com pany em ployees and enters the n e ce ss a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w o r k e rs ' earnings based on tim e o r production r e c o r d s ; and
posting calculated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o r k e r's nam e, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collectin g data fo r o ile rs and plum bers.

25

26
SECRETARY— Continued

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim a ry duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to p erform m athem atical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that of sta tistica l or other type o f cle rk , which m ay involve f r e ­
quent use o f a C om ptom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to perform a n ce of
other duties.

or v e r ify alphabetic a n d /o r nu m eric data on

P osition s are cla s s ifie d into lev els on the basis of the follow ing definitions.
C lass A . W ork req u ires the application o f exp erien ce and judgm ent in selecting p r o c e ­
dures to be follow ed and in searching fo r , interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a va riety of s ou rce docum ents. On occa s io n m ay also p e rfo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork. May train inexperienced keypunch op era tors.
C lass B . W ork is routine and repetitive. Under clo s e supervision or follow ing s p e cific
p roced u res o r instructions, w orks from variou s standardized sou rce docum ents which have
been cod ed , and follow s sp ecified p roced u res which have been p re s crib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g , coding, or interpreting of data to be record ed . R efers to su p ervisor
p rob lem s a rising from erron eou s item s or cod es o r m issin g inform ation.
MESSENGER (O ffice Boy o r G irl)
P e rfo r m s variou s routine duties such as running erran ds, operating m inor o ffice m a ­
chines such as sea lers or m a ile rs , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le r ic a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation o f a m otor veh icle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as person a l s e cre ta ry , norm a lly to one individual. Maintains a c lo s e and highly
resp onsive relationship to the d a y -to-d a y w ork activities of the su p ervisor. W orks fa irly inde­
pendently receivin g a m inimum of detailed sup ervision and guidance. P e rfo r m s varied cle r ic a l
and s e cre ta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls ,
personal c a lle r s , and incom ing m ail, answers routine in quiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the p rop er p erson s; (b) esta b lish es, m aintains, and rev ises the su p e rv is o r's file s ; (c) maintains
the s u p e rv is o r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essa ges fro m sup er­
v is o r to subordinates; (e) review s corresp on d en ce, m em orandum s, and rep orts p repared by others
fo r the s u p e rv is o r's signature to a ssu re p roced u ra l and typographic a ccu ra cy ; and (f) p e rfo rm s
stenographic and typing w ork.
May a lso p e rfo rm other c le r ic a l and s e cre ta ria l tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The w ork typ ica lly requires knowledge o f o ffice routine and understanding o f the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and p roced u res related to the w ork of the su p ervisor.
E xclusions
Not all positions that are titled " s e c r e ta r y " p o ss e s s the above ch a ra cte ris tics. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as fo llo w s: (a) P osition s which do not m eet
the "p erson a l" se cre ta ry con cept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in se cre ta ria l
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as o ffice assistants to a group of p ro fe ssio n a l, technical,
o r m anagerial p erson s; (d) s e cre ta ry p ositions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com p lex and resp on sib le than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficu lt or m o re resp on sib le techn ical, admin­
istra tive, su p ervisory , o r s p ecia lized c le r ic a l duties which are not typical o f s e cre ta ria l work.
N OTE: The term " co rp o ra te o f f i c e r ," used in the le v e l definitions follow ing, re fe rs to
those officia ls who have a significant corp ora te-w id e policym aking ro le with regard to m ajor
com pany activ ities. The title " v ic e p re s id e n t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in a ll ca ses identify such position s. V ice presiden ts w hose p rim a ry resp on sib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses or transactions (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r cred it action s;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a c le r ic a l staff) are not con sid ered to be
"co rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes of applying the follow ing le v e l d efinition s.
C lass A
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board o r president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,0 0 0 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp orate o ffic e r (other than the chairm an of the board o r president)
of a com pany that em ploys, in a ll, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the corp orate o ffice r level) o f a m ajor
segm ent or subsidiary of a com pany that em p loys, in all, over 25,000 p e rs o n s .




a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a com pany that em p loys, in
all, few er than 100 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp orate o ffice r (other than the chairm an o f the b oard or president)
of a com pany that e m p lo y s, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O perates a keypunch m achine to re c o rd
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

C lass B

c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the o ffic e r level) over either' a m ajor
corporate -w ide functional activity (e .g ., m arketing, re s e a rch , op eration s, industrial re la tion s, etc.) o r a m a jo r geographic o r organizational segm ent (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
a m a jo r division) of a com pany that em p loys, in a ll, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000
e m p loy ees; or
d. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
of officia l) that em p loys, in all, ov e r 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
e. S ecreta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
m anagem ent su p ervisor o f an organizational segm ent often involving as many as severa l
hundred persons) of a com pany that em p loy s, in all, ov e r 25, 000 p e rs o n s .
C lass C
a. S ecreta ry to an executive or m anagerial p erson w hose resp on sib ility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e cific le v e l situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but w hose subordinate staff
n orm a lly numbers at lea st se ve ra l dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segm ents which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l includes
a wide range of organizational ech elon s; in oth ers, only one o r two; or
b. S ecreta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
o f o fficia l) that em p loys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s .
C lass D
a. S ecreta ry to the su p ervisor o r head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p e rso n s); £ r
b. S ecreta ry to a n on su p ervisory staff sp e cia list, p ro fe ssio n a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffic e r , o r assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assign
sten ographers, rather than s e cre ta rie s as d e scrib e d above, to this le v e l of su p ervisory or
non supervisory w ork er.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary fro m one o r m ore
p ersons either in shorthand o r b y Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May
also type fro m w ritten copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s , o r p e rfo rm other rela tiv ely
routine cle r ic a l tasks. May operate fro m a stenographic p ool. D oes not include tra n scrib in gm achine w ork . (See tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p era tors.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a va ried techn ical o r s p ecia lized vocabulary
such as in legal b rie fs o r rep orts on scien tific re s e a rch fro m one o r m o re p erson s either in short­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May also type fro m written
copy. May a lso set up and maintain file s , keep re c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e rfo r m s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and re sp o n si­
b ility than sten ographers, gen eral as evidenced by the follow in g: W ork req u ires high d egree of
stenographic speed and a ccu ra cy ; and a thorough w orking knowledge of gen eral busin ess and office
p roced u res and of the s p e c ific business operation s, organization, p o lic ie s , p ro ce d u re s, file s ,
w orkflow , etc. U ses this knowledge in p erform in g stenographic duties and resp on sib le c le r ic a l
tasks such a s, maintaining followup file s ; assem bling m ateria l fo r re p o rts, m em orandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters fro m gen eral instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e w ork .
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . O perates
outgoing, intraplant or
com p lex c a lls , such as
doing routine w ork as

a sin gle- o r
o ffice ca lls.
co n fe re n ce ,
d e scrib e d

m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
P e rfo r m s fu ll telephone inform ation s e rv ice o r handles
c o lle c t , o v e r se a s , o r sim ila r ca lls , either in addition to
fo r sw itchboard op era tor, cla ss B, o r as a fu ll-tim e

27
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r)— C on tin u ed

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u l l" te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w hen the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s that a r e n o t r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te f o r c a l ls .)
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d han dling in c o m in g ,
ou tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l ls . M ay h an dle ro u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a l ls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ctio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s ts a r e r o u tin e , e . g ., g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w hen
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l ls a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c i f i c in ­
s t r u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
cou n tin g m a c h in e s s u ch as the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition to the s im p le r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay b e r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s . M a y tr a in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U n der s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le tabu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g
m a c h in e s su ch as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g pu n ch , c o ll a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w ork .

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s it io n o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is typ in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take the m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y duty is t o t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w ork .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k es d ic ta tio n
in sh o rth a n d o r b y S ten otyp e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c la s s i f ie d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r)
T Y P IS T
O p e r a te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su ch as the ta b u la to r , c a lc u la t o r , c o ll a t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g pu n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te
E A M equ ipm en t.

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r t o m ak e out b i ll s a ft e r c a l c u la ­
tio n s have b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a t s , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay d o c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g little s p e c ia l tr a in in g , su ch
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and tabu latin g a s s ig n m e n ts in clu d in g d e v is in g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e plan n in g o f the n a tu re and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g lo w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e ra tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w ir in g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yp in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen
it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tion , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u su al w o r d s o r fo r e ig n lan gu ag e m a t e ­
r ia l; and planning la you t and typin g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity
and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M ay type rou tin e f o r m le t t e r s v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y typin g f r o m rou gh o r c le a r
d r a ft s ; ro u tin e typin g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; and settin g up s im p le stan dard
ta b u la tio n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y setup and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tinued

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n ito r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
Stu dies in s tr u c tio n s to d e te r m in e equ ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s equ ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta pe r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e qu ip m en t in to c ir c u i t , and s ta r ts
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e du rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s is t ' in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogram .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as f o ll o w s :

C la s s A . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r und er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly t e s te d and
in tr o d u c e d ; s ch e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; the
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n ow led g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e
d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u nd er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t i c s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit t le o r n o te s tin g
o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a jo r ch an ge o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b le tim e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s ,
d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t i c s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p en d en tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s t r u c t io n s and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C . W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equ ip m en t u s e d and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e fo r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e r ts sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, into
a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e
in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w hen e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e, c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data t o a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , l o g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tter
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f fi c ie n c y o r adapt t o new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g r a m in g sh o u ld b e c la s s i f ie d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y.)
D o e s n o t in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t i f ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a se s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t ic e s . W o rk in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ich id e n tify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s tep s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u tin e;
p la n s the fu ll ra n ge o f p r o g r a m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e the c o m p u t e r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

28
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T . BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

A t th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r equ ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e d ata e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u ch a c t io n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts t o data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g oT data e le m e n ts
to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B . W ork s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin in g , ad a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m ak in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r
d e le tio n s f r o m input data w h ic h a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the data h a ve b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o that the a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n cin g
o f d ata ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a ir l y c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay gu id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d t o , v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
data p r o c e s s in g eq u ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n e e d e d to e n ab le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e au to m a te d and id e n t ifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i fi e s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; ou tlin e s a c tio n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r
p r e s e n t a t io n to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t ch a n g e s t o .o b t a in m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a l l
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u s e d to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y.)

m ain tain in g a c c o u n t s 'r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v e n to r y a c c o u n ts
in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lied .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r
c la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tr u c t io n and g u id an ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o r k i s r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c tio n s , and t o in s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o rk s tinder im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l an a lyst.
D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s that d iff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f fe c t o f e a c h ch an ge on the d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s : P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c tu r a l d ra w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p t e d fo r m u la s and m an u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , str e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d eq u a cy .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c la r i f y p o s itio n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b er o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . In s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s
in v o lv in g a ll p h a se s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s
o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s tin in t e ­
g r a te d p r o d u c t io n s ch e d u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y ite m o f e a c h type is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia te d b y the c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
the im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r
ob tain in g equ ip m en t.
to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly sts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a ban k,




W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC TE C H N IC IA N

s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s i f ie d as f o llo w s :

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t i o n
a s s is t.

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s i ly v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e r a t io n s : M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and ov e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a tio n s
r e q u ir e the p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f the fo llo w in g t a s k s : A s s e m b lin g , t e s tin g , a d ju s tin g ,
c a lib r a t in g , tuning, and a lin in g .
W o r k is n o n r e p e titiv e and r e q u ir e s a k n ow led g e o f the t h e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n i c s
p e r ta in in g t o the u s e o f g e n e r a l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n i c t e s t eq u ip m en t; t r o u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a t io n , r e la tio n s h ip , and a lin e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , and c ir c u i t s having
a v a r ie t y o f c o m p o n e n t p a r t s .
E le c t r o n ic equ ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p ic a lly in clu d e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
G ro u n d , v e h i c le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a tio n a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r g ro u n d ra d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io and t e le v is io n tr a n s m ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u t e r s ; m is s i l e and s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n ce and c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ica tin g , and c o n t r o llin g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
(E x c lu d e p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d r a ft s m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f s u ch s ta n d a rd e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t a s o f fi c e m a c h in e s , r a d io and t e le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

29
N URSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R SE, IN D U STR IA L (R e g is t e r e d )— C on tinued

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v ic e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c t o r y o r o th e r es ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g f ir s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju r e d ; attending to su b se q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a tie n ts tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tion s o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ealth e d u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tion o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ea lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y du tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir bu ild in g
w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m e n t s u ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lan n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s u sin g a v a r ie t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g
s ta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and new p a r t s in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w ritte n
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m ak in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n ow led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s s u ch as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce ,
o r r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating u n its, co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t; w o rk in g
fr o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in
the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g sta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts
o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g
and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce e l e c t r i c ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a t io n o f s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and
e qu ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to su p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m ain tain in g equ ipm en t
su ch as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g eq u ip m en t, s te a m b o i le r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m akin g equ ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o i le r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o i l, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i le r r o o m equ ip m en t.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, s u ch a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m e n t; a s s is tin g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k the
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n ­
fin e d to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in
o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e
a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll - t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a t io n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e t o o ls , s u ch as j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s t r u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lan n in g
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d se tu p s o r
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a t io n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay b e r e q u ir e d t o r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i ls .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die jo b b in g
sh op s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u tom otiv e eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g e qu ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e qu ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r
d e fe c tiv e p a r ts fr o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lin in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s
and lig h ts , o r tig h ten in g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r ts w ith ite m s obtain ed
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh op o r sen d in g o f the
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh op f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c t io n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m akin g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d f r o m th is c la s s i f ic a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e se ttin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea v y
equ ip m e n t w hen ch a n g e s in the plant la y ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o r k ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y
o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan d ard sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; alin in g and b a la n cin g o f eq u ip m en t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o ls ,
eq u ip m e n t, and p a r ts t o b e u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
equ ip m e n t su c h as d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s
the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f pa in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p ain tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o le s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and app lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i ls , w hite
le a d , and o th e r pain t in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the
m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a te
p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n gth s w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u tt in g m a c h in e ; th rea d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; ben d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g

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T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m ak in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m ak in g sta n d a rd t e s t s to d e te r m in e w h e th e r f in ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n
o r heatin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l equ ip m e n t and fix t u r e s
(s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u c ts , m e ta l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll
ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g
up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls
in cu ttin g , b en d in g , fo r m in g , sh ap in g, fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t ic l e s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D ie m a k e r ; jig m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix t u r e m a k e r ; gage m a k e r )
C o n s tr u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g in g s ,
p u n ch in g, and o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o rk .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a l lo y s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la te d eq u ip m e n t; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g t o d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t -t r e a tin g o f m e ta l p a r t s d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r ts t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p ro p r ia te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n .

t o o l and

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G U ARD AN D W AT CH M AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o l ic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m a in tain in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d e s g a te m e n w h o a r e s ta tio n e d at gate
and c h e c k on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tch m a n . M a k es rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y a gain st f i r e ,
th eft, and ill e g a l e n try.
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

SH IPPIN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o r k i n v o lv e s : A k n ow led ge of shipping
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and ra te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m akin g up b i ll s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f ile o f sh ippin g r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip ­
m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s of
sh ip m en ts a ga in st b ills o f la d in g , i n v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m ain tain in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

(S w e e p e r; c h a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s ;
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , or
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n of the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; du stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p rov id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w ind ow w ash in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L H AN DLIN G

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h ou sem a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, s t o r e , o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; un p ack in g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and unload sh ips a re
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
eq u ip m en t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s u ch a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n load tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d b y s iz e and type o f equ ipm en t,
a s f o llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r sh ou ld be r a te d on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c ity .)

ORD ER F IL L E R
(O r d e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e stock m an )
F i l ls shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d itio n
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n a d d ition a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t su p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d d u tie s.

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under IV2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m ( I V to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a il e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , oth er than t r a il e r type)

2

TRUCKER,

PO W E R

P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c i fi c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d be in g depen dent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m ber o f
units to be p a c k e d , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the
p la c in g o f ite m s in sh ippin g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
edge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i fy content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e
o f co n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t
b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and app lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g
data on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .




O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s ape c la s s i f ie d b y type o f t r u c k , as f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

A vailab le O n

Request-

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h i le s u p p lie s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S ' r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilen e, T ex .
A laska
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a , La.
A l p e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A m arillo, Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t la n t ic C it y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , Ga.—S.C .
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , La.
B i l l i n g s , M on t.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o lo ra d o Springs, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , Ga.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Minn.—W i s .
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a so, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. Dak.—Minn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m it h , A r k . — kla .
O
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , Mon t.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n S a l e m — ig h P o i n t , N .C .
W
H
H arrisburg, Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n ts v ille , A la .

C o p i e s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e

K n o x v i l l e , Term.
L aredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N e v.
L e x in g t o n , Ky.
L o w e r E a stern Shore, M d .-V a .
L y n c h b u r g , Va.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , Mich ,
M erid ian, M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u th , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , Ala .
N a s h v i l l e , T e n n.
N e w L o n d o n — r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n tu r a , C a lif .
V
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P i n e B lu ff , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H.—M a i n e - M a s s .
P u eb lo, Colo.
R e n o , N e v.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a ns .
Sa lin a s—M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d - C h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s . —Conn.
H
S t o ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T o p e k a , K a ns.
T u cson, A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V allejo—
Napa, C a lif.
W ic h it a F a l l s , T e x .
W il m in g t o n , D e l.— .J .—Md.
N

T h e e le v e n t h annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tio na l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 02 , o r any o f it s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .







A rea W age

Surveys

A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f t h e W a g e a n d H o u r D i v i s i o n o f t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

Bulletin nu m b er
an d p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1970___________________________________
1660-88,
A lb a n y—S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1 ________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 4 ,
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1971_______________________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 8 ,
A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1971— 1 6 8 5 - 7 5 ,
A tla n ta, G a . , M a y 1971------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 6 9 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1970 1 _____________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 1 8 ,
B e a u m o n t — o r t Arthur—O r a n g e , T e x . , May 1 9 7 1 ' ------ 1 6 8 5 - 6 8 ,
P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ____________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 6 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1_________________________
1685-63.
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, N o v. 1970 1 __________________________
1685-21,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ______________________________ 16 8 5-1 1,
B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1 _________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 4 3 ,
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r . 1971 1 -------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 9 ,
1685-71,
Canton, O h i o , M a y 1971__________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1971-------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 7 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , Jan. 1971---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 8 ,
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a . , Sept. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 0 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 9 0 ,
C in c in n a t i, O h io — y.—I n d . , F e b . 1971 1 _________________
K
1685-53,
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1970 1------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 8 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1970 1_____________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 3 ,
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 2 ,
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
F e b . 197 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 1 ,
D a yto n , O h io , D e c . 1970 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 5 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 1 ,
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1971____________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 7 0 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1971 1_______________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 7 7 ,
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1970 1 ------------------------------------------ . 6 8 5 - 2 5 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 1------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a v 1971 1
--------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 8 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 ' _______________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 6 7 ,
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct . 1970 1___________________________
1685-31,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1971 1______________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 9 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1970 1__________________________
1685-37,
K a n s a s C it y , M o . — a n s . , Sept. 1970 1---------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 6 ,
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., June 1970 1------------ 1 6 6 0 - 8 2 ,
H
N
L it tl e R o c k — o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970 1-------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 ,
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and Anaheirrr-Santa AnarG a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1971 1____________________ 1 6 8 8 - 6 6 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v. 1970--------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 7 ,
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1971-------------------------------- ---------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 0 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1970 1 __________________________
1685-2,
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . , N o v . 1970------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 3 0 ,
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1970 1--------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 9 ,
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 4 0 ,
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1971---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 6 ,
M in neap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n . , Jan. 1971------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 4 ,
1

30 c e n ts
35c e n t s
30cen ts
30c e n ts
40ce n ts
50cen ts
35 c e n t s
30ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50c e n t s
35ce n ts
30c e n t s
30cen ts
30cen ts
35c e n ts
60 c e n t s
4 5 c nts
e
50 c nts
e
40

5 0 cen ts

30ce nts
40 c e n t s
3^cen ts
30ce n ts
50ce n ts
35c e n t s
35c e n ts
35ce n ts
50c e n ts
40 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35c e n ts
50ce n ts
30cents
30cen ts
35c e n t s
30c e n t s
40 cen ts
30cen ts
35c e n ts
40 c e n t s

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cen ts

Area

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , June 1970 1_____
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1971----------------------N ew H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 1971_____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1971 1___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1970 1_____________________________
N o r f o l k r - P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , Jan. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------------O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1970________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1970 1 _______________________
P a t e r s o n — lif t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1970 1__________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v. 1970_______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 1 1---------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v . 1970----------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1970 1_____________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R.I.—M a s s . ,
W
M a y 1971 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1 9 7 0 1________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1971________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
A u g . 1970___________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1971__________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1971 '_________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah, N ov. 1970 1-----------------------------------San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1970_____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 1970 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v. 1970---------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c c r - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1970--------------------San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970----------------------------------------------Savannah, G a . , M a y 1971--------------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y l 9 7 0 1_________________________________
S e a t tle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1971 1-------------------------------E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1970 1
-------------------------------------South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1971---------------------------------------------Sp o k a n e , W a s h ., June 1970 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970--------------------- ---T o l e d o , O h i o ^ M i c h . , A p r . 1971 1_________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 _____________________________ _
U t ic a — o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
R
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —Md.—V a . , A p r . 1971--------------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1971____________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, N o v . 1970 1---------------------------------------------W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1971____ ____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1971____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1971---------------------------------------------------------Y o u n g s t o w r r - W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1970__________________

B ulletin n u m b er
and p r i c e

1660-85,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1660-89,

35ce n ts
40 cen ts
30cen ts
40 cen ts
75ce n ts

1685-46,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1685-34,
1660-70,
1685-49,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35ce n ts
30ce n ts
35ce n ts
45 ce n ts
50ce n ts
35c e n ts
50ce n ts
30cen ts
40 c e n ts

1685-80,
1685-12,
1685-62,

40 ce n ts
^5ce n ts
30 cen ts

1685-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1685-26,
1660-71,

30ce n ts
30c e n ts
50c e n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
lb 85-72,
1685-3,
1685-52,
1685-38,
1685-61,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685-17,
1685-74,
1 6 8 5- 15,
1685-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1685-32.
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

40 ce n ts
30cen ts
40 cen ts
30 ce n ts
30ce n ts
35ce n ts
35cen ts
35cen ts
30cen ts
35c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30c e n ts
40 ce n ts
35c e n ts
30c e n ts
40 ce n ts
30cen ts
35cen ts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
30cen ts
30cen ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PE N A LTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. D EPARTMENT OF LABOR
FIRST CLASS M A IL

I


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