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A re a Wage S u rv e y

Dayto

The Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick, Rhode Island
Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area
May 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-61




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T I ST I CS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center, Room 1603-B
Boston, Mass. 02203
T el.: 223-6762

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Tel. : 971-5405

Region III
Box 1784
W illiam Penn Annex
Philadelphia, Pa. 19105

Region IV
1371 Peachtree S t., NE.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
T el.: 526-5418

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
T e l.: 353-7230

Region VI
Federal Office Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
T el.: 374-2481

Region VII
Mayflower Building
Room 337
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
T el.: 749-3616

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
T e l.: 556-4678




Area Wage Survey
The Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick, Rhode Island—




Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area
May 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-61
July 1968
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF

LA B O R

S T A T IS T IC S

Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For s a le b y th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - P rice 3 0 cents




C ontents

Preface

P age
T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p ro g r a m of annual
o cc u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m etro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o cc u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s, and e s ta b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv isio n for ea ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r g eo g r a p h ic r e g io n s, and fo r the
U n ited S ta te s . A m a jo r c o n sid e r a tio n in the p ro g ra m is
th e n eed fo r g r e a te r in s ig h t in to ( 1 ) the m o v em en t of w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and ( 2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu r e and le v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A t th e end o f ea c h su r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a re a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch a r e a stu d ied . A fter
c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T he f ir s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r each of the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ied in to on e b u lle tin . T he seco n d p art p r e se n ts
in fo r m a tio n w h ich h a s b ee n p r o je c te d fr o m in d iv id u al, m e t­
r o p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to g eo g r a p h ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S ta te s .
E ig h ty -s ix a r e a s c u r r e n tly a re in clu d ed in th e
p r o g r a m . In ea c h a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n ­
in g s is c o lle c te d a n n u a lly and on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s
and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v isio n s b ie n n ia lly .

I n tr o d u c tio n _____________________________________________________________________
W age tr en d s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b les:
1. E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e of su r v e y and
n u m b er s tu d ie d ______________________
2. In d e x e s o f stan d a rd w ee k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s for s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _______________________

2

*

A . O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s: *
A - l . O ffice o cc u p a tio n s—m en and w o m e n ------------------------------------A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o cc u p a tio n s—
m en and w o m e n ______________________________________________
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o cc u p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________________
A -4 . M a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n s __________________
A -5 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m en t o c c u p a tio n s ___________

3
9
10

A p p en d ix. O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ______________________________________

13

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts of the su r v e y in
P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et—W a rw ick , R .I .—M a ss . , in M ay 1968.
T he S tan d ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , a s d efin ed by
th e B u rea u of th e B u d g et th rou gh A p ril 1967, c o n s is ts of
th e fo llo w in g a r e a s in R hode Islan d : C en tral F a lls , C ra n ­
sto n , E a st P r o v id e n c e , P a w tu c k e t, P r o v id e n c e , and W oon­
so c k e t c it ie s , and s e v e n to w n s in P ro v id e n c e C ounty;
N a r r a g a n s e tt and N o rth K in gstow n tow n s in W ashington
C ounty; W a rw ick c ity and th r e e tow n s in K ent County; a ll
o f B r is to l C ounty; and J a m e sto w n tow n in N ew p ort C ounty;
and in M a s s a c h u s e tts : A ttleb o ro city and nine co n tigu o u s
tow n s in B r is to l, N o r fo lk , and W o r c e ste r C o u n ties. T h is
stu d y w a s co n d u cted in th e B u re a u ’s reg io n a l o ffic e in
B o sto n , M a s s ., W en d ell D. M acd onald , D ir e c to r . T he
stu d y w a s u n d er th e g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of P au l V . M u lk ern ,
A s s is ta n t R eg io n a l D ir e c to r o f O p er a tio n s.




1

3

* N O TE: S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le for
o th er a r e a s . (S ee in sid e b ack c o v e r .)
A cu r re n t re p o r t on e a r n in g s in the P r o v id e n c e —
P aw tu ck et—W arw ick a r e a is a lso a v a ila b le fo r s e le c te d
food s e r v ic e o cc u p a tio n s (M ay 1968). U nion s c a le s , in d i­
c a tiv e of p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r b u ild in g
co n stru ctio n ; p rin tin g; lo c a l- tr a n s it o p era tin g e m p lo y e e s;
and m o to rtr u ck d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

5
7




Area Wage Survey---The Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick, R.I.—Mass., Metropolitan Area

Introduction
O ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t and ea r n in g s d ata a r e show n fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ir ed to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iv en o cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n . E a r n in g s data ex c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and la te
s h ifts . N o n p ro d u ction b o n u se s a re e x c lu d e d , but c o s t-o f- liv in g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a re in clu d ed . W here w e e k ly h ou rs a re
r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l o cc u p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is to the stan d ­
a rd w o rk w eek (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h alf hour) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay for
o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w e e k ly ea r n in g s
fo r th e se o cc u p a tio n s h ave b ee n rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r.
T he a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s t i­
m a te s . In d u str ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffer in p ay le v e l and job
sta ffin g and, th u s, co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch job .
T he p ay r e la tio n sh ip o b tain a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a te ly the w ag e sp r ea d or d iffe r e n tia l m a in ta in ed am on g job s in
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p ay le v e ls
fo r m en and w o m en in any of the s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s sh ou ld not be
a ss u m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in p ay tr e a tm e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O ther p o s s ib le fa c to r s w h ich m a y co n tr ib ­
ute to d iffe r e n c e s in p ay fo r m en and w o m en in clu d e: D iffe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s, sin c e on ly the a ctu a l r a te s
p aid in cu m b en ts a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , a lth ou gh the w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d a p p r o p r ia te ly w ith in the
sa m e su r v e y job d e s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m ­
p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a re u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sco p e of the stu d y and not the num ber a c ­
tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d iffe r e n c e s in o cc u p a tio n a l stru c tu re
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s of o cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t ob­
ta in ed fr o m the sa m p le of e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d icate
the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce of the jo b s stu d ied . T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l str u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
in g s data.

T h is a r e a is 1 of 86 in w h ich the U .S. D ep a rtm en t of L a b o r's
B u rea u of L ab o r S ta tis tic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts cu r re n t o ccu p a tio n al em p lo y m en t and
ea r n in g s in fo r m a tio n o b tain ed la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the e s ta b lis h m e n ts
v is ite d by B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is ts in the la s t p re v io u s su r v e y fo r
o cc u p a tio n s r e p o r te d in th at e a r lie r stu dy. P e r so n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to n o n r esp o n d en ts and to th o se resp o n d en ts rep o rtin g u n u su al ch a n g es
sin c e the p r e v io u s su r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d ata a r e obtained fr o m r e p r e se n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv isio n s: M anu factu ring; tr a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le trad e;
r e ta il tra d e; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
in d u str y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a re g o v ern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n str u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s. E sta b lish m e n ts
h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o r k e r s a re o m itted b e c a u se
th ey ten d to fu r n ish in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m en t in the o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied
to w a r ra n t in c lu sio n . S ep a r a te ta b u latio n s a re p ro vid ed fo r ea c h of the
b ro a d in d u str y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r ite r ia .
T h e se s u r v e y s a re con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . To
o b tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p ro p o r tio n of
la r g e than of s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In com b in in g the d ata,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th eir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a se d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a re p r e se n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry group ing and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se b elo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O ccu p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T he o cc u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu dy a re com m on to a v a r ie ty of
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n on m a n u factu rin g in d u str ie s, and a re of the fo llo w ­
ing ty p es: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe ss io n a l and te ch n ic a l; (3) m a in ­
te n a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (4) cu sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t. O c­
cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t of job d e s c r ip tio n s
d e sig n e d to tak e a cc o u n t of in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in
th e sa m e jo b . T h e o cc u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu dy a re lis t e d and d e ­
s c r ib e d in th e a p p en d ix. T he ea r n in g s data fo llo w in g the job title s a re
fo r a ll in d u str ie s co m b in ed . E a r n in g s data fo r so m e of the o ccu p a tio n s
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , or fo r so m e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s,
a re n ot p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s b e c a u se e ith er (1) e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o cc u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d ata to m e r it
p r e se n ta tio n , or ( 2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of in d iv id u a l e s ­
ta b lis h m e n t d ata.



E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m en ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le­
m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s ta b le s) a re not p r e se n te d in th is
b u lle tin . In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c te d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e se ta b u la tio n s on m in im u m en tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d
w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s; sh ift d iffe r e n tia ls; sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs; paid
h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s; and h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p lan s a re
p r e se n te d (in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s) in p re v io u s b u lle tin s for th is a re a .
1

2




Table 1.

Establishments and W orkers within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in Providence—
Pawtucket— arwick,
W
R .I . — a s s ., 1 by M ajor Industry Division, 2 May 1968
M

Minimum
employment
in establish ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

W orkers in establishm ents

Number of establishments

Within scope of study 4
Within scope
of study 3

Studied

Studied
Percent

Number

... _

.

784

144

156,600

100

6 6 ,2 4 0

M anufacturing_____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 _____________________
W holesale trade 6 ______________________________
Retail trade ____________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate 6
_______
Services
_____________________________________

50
-

540
244

75
69

116,100
4 0,500

74
26

4 3 ,2 9 0
22, 950

50
50
50
50
50

40
38
87
41
38

16
7
24
11
11

8, 500
2, 900
16,200
8, 800
4, 100

5
2
10
6
3

6, 620
530
8, 510
5 ,0 8 0
2, 210

All divisions

1 The Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through Ap ril 1967, con sists
of the following areas in Rhode Island: Central F a lls, Cranston, East Providence, Pawtucket, Providence and Woonsocket cities, and seven towns in
Providence County; N arragansett and North Kingstown towns in Washington County; Warwick city and three towns in Kent County; all of B ristol County;
and Jamestown town in Newport County; and in M assachusetts: Attleboro city and nine contiguous towns in B ristol, N orfolk, and W orcester Counties.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor
force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area
to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data com piled considerably in advance of
the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such indus­
tries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum lim itation.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to
m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it
separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal serv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit
menbership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural serv ice s.

About three-quarters of the workers within scope of the survey in the Providence—
Pawtucket— arw ick area were employed in manufacturing firm s.
W
The following table p re sents the m ajor industry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
M iscellaneous manufacturing
industries ________________ ____ 22
Textile m ill products ___________ 16
E lectrica l equipment and
8
supplies _________________________
M achinery, except e le c t r ic a l__
8
Instruments and related
products ________________________
8
Fabricated m etal p r o d u c ts _____
7
P rim ary m etal industries _____
7
Rubber and plastics
products __________________ __ _
7

Specific industries
Costume jew elry and notions----Jewelry, silverw are, and
plated ware ___________ _______
Nonferrous rolling and
drawing --------------------------------------

10
9
5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c te d plant w o r k er g ro u p s. T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv en tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u rin g th e b a s e p e r io d (d ate of th e a re a su r v e y co n d u cted
b etw e en J u ly I960 and June 1961). S u b tractin g 100 fr o m th e in d ex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to th e
d ate o f th e in d e x . T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge o r in c r e a s e r e la te to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a ted d a te s . T h e se e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f ch a n g e in a v e r a g e s fo r th e a rea ; th ey a r e not in ten d ed
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay ch a n g e s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e a r e a .
M eth od o f C om p u ting
E a ch o f th e s e le c t e d k ey o ccu p a tio n s w ith in an o cc u p a tio n a l
group w a s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a sed on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p lo y m en t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

in th e o cc u p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e co n sta n t w e ig h ts r e fle c t b a se y ea r
em p lo y m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le . T he a v e r a g e (m ean ) ea r n in g s fo r
ea ch o ccu p a tio n w e r e m u ltip lie d by the o cc u p a tio n a l w eig h t, and th e
p ro d u c ts fo r a ll o cc u p a tio n s in th e group w e r e to ta le d . T he a g g r e g a te s
fo r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la te d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a te fo r
th e la te r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a te fo r th e e a r lie r y e a r . T he re su lta n t
r e la tiv e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t, sh o w s th e p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e. T he in d ex
is th e p ro d u ct of m u ltip ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e la tiv e ( 1 0 0 ) by th e r e la tiv e
fo r the n ex t su c c e e d in g y e a r and co n tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com pound)
ea ch y e a r ’s r e la tiv e by th e p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d ex . A v e r a g e ea rn in g s
fo r th e fo llo w in g o cc u p a tio n s w e r e u se d in com p u tin g th e w a g e tren d s:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Providence-Pawtucket—Warwick, R. I.—M ass.,
May 1968 and May 1967, and Percents of Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(May 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents of increase
May 1967
to
May 1968

May 1966
to
May 1967

May 1965
to
May 1966

May 1964
to
May 1965

May 1963
to
May 1964

May 1962
to
May 1963

May 1961
to
May 1962

May 1960
to
May 1961

May 1968

May 1967

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )----Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) --------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ------------------------

136.0
145.5
133.9
126. 1

128. 8
134.0
127.4
119. 3

5 .6
8 .6
5. 1
5. 7

6 .4
6. 6
5 .6
5. 1

3.
4.
4.
1.

8
8
8
2

3. 1
4. 5
3 .6
3 .0

4. 6
4. 1
2. 5
2 .6

3. 1
6. 8
4 .6
2 .9

4 .9
3 .2
3 .5
3. 2

3. 1
6.1
3 .4
2 .9

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )----Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (men) — ---------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ------------------------

132. 7
144. 5
133. 9
125.4

125. 5
133.5
127.0
120. 7

5. 7
8 .2
5. 5
3. 9

5. 4
6. 2
5 .4
6. 5

3. 3
5 .4
4. 9
1 .0

2. 9
3. 4
3 .6
4 .4

3.
4.
2.
2.

3 .2
6 .2
5 .0
1. 8

4. 7
3 .9
3 .4
2 .8

4 .2
6 .2
2 .5
2 .5




7
7
1
7

4

F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the w ag e
tr en d s r e la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o r m a l w o r k w eek ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e . F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s, th ey
m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , ex c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts . T he p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata fo r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t of th e n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h grou p .
L im ita tio n s of D ata
T he in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch a n g e, a s m e a s u r e s of
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by: (l) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s, ( 2 ) m e r it or o th er in c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r fo r c e r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n ­
o v e r , fo r c e e x p a n s io n s , fo r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p ay le v e ls .




C h an g es in the la b o r fo r c e can c a u se in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
o cc u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s. It is c o n c e iv a b le
th at e v e n though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w a g e in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h av e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a or exp an d ed th e ir w o r k f o r c e s . S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y h av e re m a in ed r e la tiv e ly c o n sta n t, y e t th e a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y h av e r is e n c o n sid e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a .
T he u se of co n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s th e e f fe c t
of ch a n g e s in the p ro p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in e a c h job in ­
clu d ed in the d ata. T he p e r c e n ta g e s of ch a n g e r e f le c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p ay fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r s. T h ey a r e n ot in flu e n c e d by
ch a n g e s in stan d a rd w ork s c h e d u le s , a s su c h , or b y p r e m iu m p ay
fo r o v e r tim e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , d ata w e r e a d ju ste d to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch a n g e an y s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d
b y ch a n g e s in the sc o p e of the s u r v e y .

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a re a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , F ro v id e n ce —P a w tu c k e t—W arw ick , R . I. —M a s s ., M ay 1968)
Weekly earnings1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y e a rn in gs of—
$

t
55

$

$

$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

%
$
1 15
120

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

60

Sex, occupation, and industry division

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

-

-

-

1
1

5
3

2
-

3
3

2
-

k

~

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

1
1

3

2
2

9
4

7
s

"

_

7
7

_

3
3

1
1

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

~

_

and
under

MEN

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4?
23

CLERKS,

39.5
39.0

$
$
$
i$
1 2 5 . 5 0 1 3 1 . CO 1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 4 1 . 0 0
1 2 5 . 5 0 1 3 5 . CO 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 4 2 . 0 0

-

6

5

1

1

17

1

-

2

_

-

_

_

~

-

1
1

l
l

1
1

3
3

-

~

I
1

~

1
1

76.50
78.00
7 4.50

-

13
2
11

16
10
6

25
7
18

19
14
5

?
2

3
2
1

_
-

_
-

1
1

7 3.0 07 5.50-

91.00
92.00

2

16
6

11
11

16
16

21
21

44
43

3
1

17
17

12
12

~

~

11
11

6 9 . CO
7 1 .CO

6 6 .0 06 4 .5 0-

79.00
8C.00

13
13

25
8

6
6

8
7

_

_

_

“

4
~

_

~

10
10

_

~

87.50
87.00

87.50
87.50

8 1.508 1.5 0-

92.50
9 2.50

_

_

“

-

9
9

10
10

18
18

23
23

25
25

2
2

39.0
30.5
3 9 .0

79.00
77.50
30.00

75.00
7 6 .5 0
8 1 . CO

7 1.007 2 . DO6 9 . 00-

87.50
86.50
89.00

_

13
13

17
5
12

53
37
16

2
2

20
9
11

40
23
17

_
-

_

-

93

39.0
39.5
37.0

99.00
100.50
94.00

9 9 .0 0
9 9 . CO
96.50

0 5 .0 0 - 115.50
d6 . 0 0 - 1 1 7 . 5 0
8 3 .0 0 - 104.00

2
2

_
“

7
5
2

8
6
2

33
24
9

37
22
15

39
34
5

693
458
2 35
98
79

39.0
39.5
30.5
3 ‘’ . 0
39.5

80.00
79.50
81.00
H6.50
77.00

78.50
7 8 . CO
81.50
9 0 .0 0
74 .0 0

7 0.507 1 . GO69. 508 0 .0 0 6 7 .0 0-

89.00
87.50
95.00
9 7.00
84.00

2
2
2

47
20
27
8
14

117
33
34
6
10

94
66
28
3
18

120
101
19
9
3

83
54
29
9
17

70
43

4
2

1

-

CLASS P --------------

34

4 0.C

86.50

91.50

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

27
27

40.0
40.0

120.00
120.00

125.50
125.50

OFFICE BOYS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

79
36
43

3 3 .5
39.5
37.5

71.50
74.00
69.50

7 2 . CO
74.50
71.50

67.G O 68. 506 5.0 0-

BILLE TS, MACHINE (B IL LI NG
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

153
138

39.5
39.5

81.00
82.50

81.50
8 2 . CO

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

66
44

39.0
39.5

73.50
73.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

96
95

39.0
39.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

164
75
89

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

349
2 56

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
-------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

ACCOUNTING,

-

78.0 0-

94.00

1 0 5 .0 0 - 136.50
1 0 5 . DO- 1 3 6 . 5 0

5
5

_
“

WOMEN

_

27

15
3

~

~

_

-

fc

_

1
~

*

32
29
3

36
10
26

4
1
3

35
31
4

55
44
11
11
-

58
17
41
36
-

8
l
7

22
13
9

6
1

1
6

_

_

_

_

~

-

~

~

7

2
2

_
“

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

19
1
18

24
13
11

2
2

"

6

37
33
4

35
33
2

8

7

2
2

7
7

2
2

_

-

_
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

1

-

_

_

1

-

2
2

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
5

_
-

1

CLASS A ---------------------------

5H

3?. 5

85.00

79 .5 0

7 5 . 0 0 - I C O . 50

-

2

2

1l

17

4

2

1

4

11

2

-

1

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS B -------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

258
160

37.5
3 7 .0

73.50
79.50

72.50
7 0 - CO

6 6.5066.0 0-

78.50
76.50

6
6

43
23

50
50

67
39

38
10

30

4
4

9
9

3
3

-

_

-

8

5
5

-

~

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

140
47
93

37.5
39.5
36.5

64.50
68.50
62.00

6 3 .50
66.50
6 3. CO

6 1 . GO6 3 .006 0.5 0-

67.50
72.50
65.50

18
18

7?
21
51

31
11
20

12

_
-

3
3

3
3

l
1

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------- -----NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

280
196
84

39.0
39.5
39.0

83.00
35.00
79.00

3 0.0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 5.5076.5 07 3 .0 0 -

93.00
9 6 . CO
91.50

6
6

15
11
4

4
4

34

82

33

21

27

21

64
18

19

21
-

10
17

15
7
8

21
21

5
5

3
3

CLERKS,

See

F IL E,

footnotes at end of

ta b le .




P

4

13

14

11
11

1

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w eek ly h o u rs an d e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a re a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , P ro v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W arw ic k , R .I .— a s s ., M ay 1968)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

$

Average
weekly

$
55

$

$

$

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g strai ght - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of$
$
$
$
$
$
$
■
6
$
$
$
80
85
90
95
105
100
1 10
115
120
125
130

WOMEN -

workers

( standard]

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

65

70

75

60

Sex, occupation, and industry division

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

2

23
13
10
10

58
48
10
5

33
25
8
7

41
33
8
3

78
77
1

26
26

18
11
7

33
21
12
2

11
11

20
20

-

-

_
-

7
4
3

$

$

$

$

$

135

14 0

150

160

170

135

140

150

160

170

180

-

_
_
-

4
4

2
_

-

2

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

and
und er

CONTINUED

359
29 4
65
31

39.0
39.0
38.5
3 h. 5

$
87.00
87.50
85.50
72.50

$
86.50
87.00
80.50
7 2 . CO

$
$
7 5 .5 0 - 96.50
7 7 .5 0 - 94.50
7 1 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 78.50

-

2
2

3
1
2
2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------

67

38.0

90.50

9 4.50

7 5.0 0-10 4.5 0

5

4

4

4

2

2

3

11

-

17

1

13

1

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

162
94
68

39.0
39.5
38.5

82.00
84.00
79.00

80.00
81.00
79.00

76.0 07 7 .0 069.5 0-

89.00
92.00
86.00

1

7

10
-

5
5

16
15
1

2
1
1

_

10

13
11
2

1

7

17
9
8

_

-

26
13
13

_

1

52
37
15

_

-

12
8
4

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

386
259
127

39.0
39.5
3 8.0

77.00
78.50
7 4 . 50

7 4.50
7 7.50
7 2 . CO

70.0 07 1.5 06 7 .0 0 -

84.50
86.50
77.50

-

30
11
19

68
37
31

103
65
38

49
34
15

44
40
4

38
31
7

39
34
5

9
7
2

3
3

1
1

1

1

—

1

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — •
--------------------------- -—

46
25

39.0
39.5

72.50
70.50

69.00
69.00

64.0 06 4.5 0-

74.50
74.00

-

11
8

10
6

4
2

-

-

2

2

-

2
2

-

-

15
7

----------------------------------------------SECRETARIFS 4
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

1,0 1 3
594
4 19
36

38.5
3 9.0
3 7.5
37.5

101.00
103.50
97.00
121.50

97.50
86.00-115.50
9 8.50
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
9 6.00
80.50-111.50
1 3 2 . CO 1 0 7 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . 5 0

_
-

_
-

6
2
4

145
88
57

~

46
19
27
2

79
57
22

-

89
18
71
4

~

"

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

85
62

39.0
39.0

117.00
l 19.50

114.50
120.50

_

-

4

-

-

“

“

2
2

SFCRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

281
172
109

38.5
39.0
37.5

112.00
115.00
107.00

99.00-124.00
111.50
113.00 1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 9 . CO 9 4 . 5 0 - 1 2 1 . 0 0

2
2

4
4

4
2
2

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------MONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

202
98
1 04

38.0
39.0
37.0

103.00
102.00
104.00

100.00
97.50
102.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

4 45
2 62
18 3

33.5
39.0
37.5

89.50
92.50
86.00

3 9 . CO
9 1.00
85.00

79.5 083.5 07 4.00-

98.00
99.00
97.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

401
181
2 20

3c . 5
39.5
3 7.5

82 . 0 0
82.00
82.00

81.00
8 4 . CO
79.50

75.5 076.5 07 4.5 0-

90.50
91.00
89.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

244
177
67

39.0
39.5
39.0

94.00
92.50
98.^0

9 6 . CO
95.50
98.50

86.50-101.50
8H.OO-IOC.OO
8 5 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

82
32
50

38 .5
3^.5
37.5

90.0 0
' 6 .0 0
92.00

9 0 .5 0
8 8.0 0
9 3 . CO

7 8 .0 0 - 98.00
7 9 .0 0 - 93.00
7 8.0 0-10 6.5 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS E ------NCNM.ANUFACTURI N G -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

92
77
39

39.0
3 8 .5
3S. 5

72.50
71.50

6 9.00
6 8 . CO
6 7 .5 0

65.5 06 4.5 06 2 .5 0 -

80.50
76.00
80.00

2
2
2

19
19
17

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFAC T U R IN G ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2 73
212
61

39.0
39.0
37.5

79.00
80.00
77.00

7 7.50
77.50
77.00

7 1 .0 071.0 07 1.5 0-

86.00
86.50
84.50

-

21
17

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




~

94.00-134.00
9 3.50-141.00

87.50-119.50
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

_
-

-

_

~

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

-

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1

-

~

_

24
23
1
1

-

1

13
12

-

14
11
3

1
1

11
11

7
3
4

10
4
6

1
1

_
“

83
65
18

117
65
52
2

81
45
36

50
27
23
3

60
44
16
1

48
30
18

67
47
20
3

37
11
26
2

25
20
5
4

25
15
10
3

28
18
10
9

6
5

12
12

2

3

14
11

2

-

1
-

-

12
11

5
4

2
1

2
1

4
3

10
6
4

22
13
9

9
2
7

24
11
13

28
24
4

30
18
12

27
17
10

24
12
12

33
17
16

11
4
7

14
13
1

13
11
2

15
9
6

47
22
25

14
14
“

15
9
6

24
10
14

10
5
5

9
7
2

9
5
4

6
6

19
1
18

6
3
3

3
-

3
2

~

-

“

_

2

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

8

_
-

-

_

52
40
12

70
48
22

48
37
11

76
45
31

26
11
15

9
4
5

10
9
1

16
13
3

2
2
~

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

42
17
25

13
13

-

73
18
55

-

-

2
2
~

-

-

“

_

1

14

39
10
29

100
40
60

45
24
21

55
26
29

71
58
13

10
1
9

4

2

2

1

2

_

-

-

_

_

-

37
22
15

18

-

18

4

2

2

1

?

1
1
~

1
1
~

17
10
7

33
23
10

28
16
12

34
31
3

54
51
3

46
42
4

7

9
2
7

10

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

_

-

10

1

-

~

~

16
6
10

8
3
5

7
3
4

8
7
1

19
9
10

7
2
5

~

4

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

4

-

"

~

“

1

“

~

~

31
31
2

8
6
6

9
3
3

11
4
3

1
1

2
2

3
3

~

~

6
6
6

34
27
7

58
43
15

49
36
13

36
28
8

39
29
10

6
4
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

14
_

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

4

-

1
1

-

7
12
2
10

-

24
24

4
3
l

-

-

-

-

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
by indust ry di v is i on , P r o v i d e n c e - P a w t u c k e t - W a r w i c k , R . I . - M a s s . , Ma y 1968)

Number of workers receiving straight.-time weekly earnings of—

(stanc ard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

s

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

Median2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

150

150

160

i —
170

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

150

150

160

170

180

l

i

1

12

3

2

13

1

1

1

25
5
19

31
23
3

5
3

8

16

5
3

12

1?
11
1

_

14
7

2

-

1

-

-

~

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

11
9

$

2

15
4

6

10

16
1
15

25

2

52
56
6

15 5
58
97

130
55
75

12
50

16
33

29
3
26

$

$

CONTINUED

TABULATING-*ACHINE o p e r a t o r s ,
CLASS 8 -----------------------------------------------------------------

36

$
100.50

$
1 0 1 . CO

38.5
39.0
3 7.5

31.00
85.50
76.50

8 0 . CO
83 .5 0
75.50

7 2.0 078.0 06 5.50-

91.50
96.50
8C.00

39.5
5 0 .0
3;i. 5

85.50
35.50
35.50

8 5 CO

A?

TYPI STS t CLASS A
b ANUF Ar T 1 1 NS
*
\
NONNANuFA r TURING

39.0

150

3 3.0 0
89 .0 0

81 00 81*0082*50-

9 2 . 50
95 * 00
9 3 . 00

187
593

TRANSCRI8 1 NG-MACHINF OPERATORS ,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------------l /A ? Or A 1U-'l Nb ... .
r*
.. .
r• Hl ' r APTI TM
ft N
M M* * Kl > . CT l ID 1 Mr- —
H J
C
iNUlNnAi>Ur.'H, I U n T Nu
*
—

TYP
1i r

$

and
under
60

WOKEN -

$

60

55
Mean13
2

$

38.0
39.5
37.5

75.00
73.00

75.50
70.50

6 6 . 5 0— 79* 00
7 0 . 5 0— 7P. 50
6 5 .5 0 - 79.00

82
68
12 8
86

—

Tc 1o
r La dr •
i
.. .. ___
1 j T~ f ^ 1 h c) o D
MAWUF AC T b .< I N O --------------------------------------NON PANUEACTOR I N G --------------------------------

$
$
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

-

21

9
3

20

6

21

3

136
3
133

5

39
152

2

5

-

~
~

21
3

5

5

5

-

-

1

I

5

5

1
6

-

-

1

1

~

-

~

-

-

-

:

1 St an dar d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea rni ngs c o r r e ­
spo nd to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T he m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b by totaling the e arn in gs of all w o r k e r s and div iding by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n de s ig n a t e s po s it i on — ha lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te sh ow n; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m id dl e range is de fi ne d by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rt h o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f t h es e rat es and a four th ea rn m o r e than
the h i g h e r ra t e.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o the r pu bli c u til iti es.
4 M a y i n c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p ar at e ly .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h ou r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s i s
by ind ust ry d i v is i o n , P r o v i d e n c e —P aw tu ck et —W a r w ic k , R . I . — a s s . , Ma y 1968)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g strai ght- ■time w ee kl y ea rn in gs of —
$

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

95

$

4
100

105

S

$

no

115

$

$

120

125

$
130

$

$
135

150

$
155

$

%

150

155

i

$

$
16C

165

170

$
175

180

Unde r and
$
und er

185

and

90

DR AFTS ME N, C L A S S
MANUFACTURING

A -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

57
30

50 .0
50 .0

1 62.00
1 6 2.00

B ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

15 2
129

3 5 .5
3 v.5

132.60
1 3 5 .5 0

13 5 .5 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 C .5 0
1 3 7 . CO 1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 5 2 . 0 0

DRAFTS MEN, C L A SS C ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

85
77

50 .0
5 0 .0

9 9.00
9 9 .5 0

92
80

3 9.5
50.0

LI 3 . 5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

100

105

115

120

125

130

135

150

155

8
2

50
50

19
19

$
$
$
1 6 3 . CO 1 5 1 . 5 0 - 1 7 6 . 5 0
1 6 5 . 5 0 15 7 . 5 0 - 1 7 5 . 0 0

D R AFTS ME N, C L A S S
MANUFACTURING

no

1
1

95
MEN

$

-

-

9 6 . 5 0 - 1 0 7 . CO
9 6 . 5 0 —1 G 8 . 0 0

3 10
10

1

1 1 3 . CO 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 3 . CO
1 1 C . 50 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 2 . 5 0

-

3
2

9 9 . CO
9 9 . CO

-

7
7

12
6

7
5

16
7

12
9

39
37

11
7

7
7

6
6

5
5

1
1

1

26
26

12
12

8
8

7
3

21
19

1
1

18
15

5
5

~

~

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

over

3
1

6
6

7
5

5
5

2
2

7
7

1

5

?

2
2

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

150

L

"

WOMEN
N U R S E S , I N D U ST RI A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

1 St andard h o u r s

r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir

sp ond to t hes e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r de f in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te
3 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $7 5 to $ 80 .




2,

table A - l .

re g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e

s a la r i e

(exclusive

of

pay

for

6

overtime

6

at

re g u l a r

and/or

prem ium

-

ra t e s) ,

-

and the ea rni ngs c o r r e -

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , P ro v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W arw ick , R .I .—M a s s ., M ay 1968)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in du st r y di v is i o n

OFF I CP

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OCC UPA TI ONS

Average

( standard)

OFFICE

160
138

39 .5
3 9 .5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

77
55

3 9 .0
39 .5

Weekly

OCC UPA TI ONS

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTI NUED

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

212
61

39.0
39 .0
37 .5

79.0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

TABULATING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

56
30
26

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

100.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

63
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

150
82

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

8 1 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 6.50

O cc up a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O FF I C E

O C CUPA TI ONS

-

CONTI NUED

8 2 .0 0
8 2.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

165
94
71

39 .0
39.5
33.5

$
82.50
8 4.00
8 0.50

7 4 .0 0
73 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

386
259
127

3 9 .0
39.5
3 8 .0

7 7.00
78.50
74.50

OFFICE ROYS AND GIRLS*
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —

125
61
64

3 8.5
3 9.5
37.5

72.00
7 2.50
7 1.50

SECRETARIES3 -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

013
594
419
36

3 2 .5
39.0
37.5
3 7.5

1 0 1 .0 0
103.50
9 7.00
121.50

TRANSCRIPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------

85
62

3 9.0
3 9.0

117.00
119.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

128
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

782
187
595

3 8 .0
39 .5
3 7 .5

7 3.50
7 5 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

162 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 2 .5 0
134 .5 0

77

49.0
40.0

99.00
99.50

92
80

39.5
4 0 .0

1 1 3.50

$

BILLERS, MACHINE (BI LL ING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

96
95

3 9 .0
39.0

8 7 .5 0
3 7 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

164
75
89

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
80 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

391
275
116
49

3 9 .0
39 .5
37.5
3 8 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
102 .5 0
100.50
1 1 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

727
465
262
115
79

39 .0
39.5
3 8.5
38 .5
39 .5

8 0 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 7.00

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------ '-----

62
29

33.5
4 0 .0

258
160

37.5
37 .0

7 3.50
7 3 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

150
47
103

37.5
3 9.5
37 .0

64 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER.------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMAMUf VCT U R I N G ------------------------------

307
223
84

39 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 9.00

CLERKS, J \Y ELL --------------------------------------MANUF i', 1; R I N G -----------------------------------NOf.MA* UF MATURING-----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

371
302
69
31

3 9 .0
39 .0
38.5
3 8 .5

3 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
87 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

COMP TO mF T!‘ R OPERATORS--------------------------

67

33 .0

9 0 .5 0

281
172
109

38.5
3 9.0
37.5

112.00
1 15.00
107.00

SFCRE-TARILS, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

202

3 8.0
39 .0
37.0

1 03.00
1 02.00
1 04.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

445
262

3 8.5
39.0
37.5

273

68

86

10 1 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

89 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 6.00

98
104

86. OC

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTICNISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

8 2 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

40 L
181

220

3 9 .5
39 .5
3 7 .5

82.00
8 2.00
8 2.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —

244
177
6 7

39 .0
3 9.5
39 .0

9 4.00
92.50
9 8.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- --------- '

83
32
51

3 8 .5
39 .5
37.5

9 0.00
8 6.00
9 2.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

92
77
39

3 9 .0
38.5
3 8.5

7 2.50
7 1.50
72.00

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r pu bl ic u t il it i e s .
3 Ma y in clu de w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




183

regular straight-time

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

30

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

152

129

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING —

86

-----

s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

112.00

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in gs

9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R .I .— a s s ., May 1968)
M
Hourly earnings *

Num be r of w or k er s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Occupation and industry division

w
orkers

$
2.30

1
i
$
$
»
2. 40 2.50 2. 60 2
!.70 2.80

$
2 .9 0

$
$
$
3. 00 3.10 3.20

2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0

!.
2. 50 2. 60 2 . 70 2 80 2. 90

3.00

3. 10 3.20

11
8
3

7
7

7
7
-

15
7
8

21
ll
10

5
5
-

20
18
2

8
8

6
4
2

3
3
-

16
16

39
39

-

-

22
2
20

47
44
3
3

33
28
5
5

67
-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2.20

Num
ber
Mean1 Median 2
2
3

i
4
$
$
$
$
$
3 .40 3.60 3.80 4. 00 4.20 4.40

M
iddle range2

and

1. 70

C A R P E N T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

164
121
43

$
2.97
2.90
3.18

$
3.02
2.91
3.12

$
2.552.452.77-

$
3.42
3.41
3.83

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAI NTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U BL I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------

354
268
86
61

3.41
3.29
3.77
4.04

3.35
3.26
4.11
4.13

3.012.903.193.95-

3. 96
3.63
4. 1 5
4 .1 7

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

176
86

3.35
3.47

3.38
3.50

3 . 3 1 - 3. 5 6
2 . 7 8 - 4. 0 4

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ■
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

276
238
38

2.40
2.38
2.53

2.34
2.35
2.15

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRADES
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------

320
282
38
29

2.68
2.66
2,84
3,10

M A C H I N I S T S , MAI NTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

528
495

M E C H A N I C S , AUTOMOTI VE
( MA I N T E NA N C E ) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------

1.80 1.90 2. 00

-

-

-

-

“
_
-

_

-

-

11
11
_
-

—
-

4
2
2

8
6
2

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

~

2 . 0 5 - 2. 80
2 . 0 6 - 2.71
1 . 9 4 - 3.07

-

12
11
1

14
11
3

14
14

64
63
1

27
27

-

2.69
2.68
3.12
3.21

2.492.492.192.89-

2.83
2. 7 9
3.25
3.26

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

14
7
7

10
10

3.39
3.41

3.33
3.38

3 . 1 1 - 3.75
3 . 0 9 - 3.77

-

-

-

-

~

~

214
52
162
147

3.19
3.14
3,20
3,15

3.18
3.14
3.23
3.19

3.043.082.982.92-

_

_

_

_

_

—

-

-

-

-

M EC H A N I C S , MAI NTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

748
402

3.07
2,88

3.23
3.01

2 . 7 8 - 3.29
2 . 5 0 - 3.32

-

-

“

-

M I L L WR I GH TS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

92
92

3,06
3,06

3.06
3.06

3 . 0 1 - 3.16
3 . 0 1-. 3. 16

-

_

-

-

-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

133
131

2.40
2.39

2.44
2.43

1 . 8 8 - 2.75
1 . 8 8 - 2. 74

11
11

15
15

9
9

3
3

7
7

9
9

P A I N T E R S , MAI NTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

65
49

2,96
3,05

2.79
2.89

2 . 5 3 - 3.35
2 . 6 9 - 3. 70

_

_

_

-

1

2

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAI NTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------

113
113

3.17
3.17

3.04
3.04

2 . 7 2 - 3.33
2 . 7 2 - 3. 33

-

-

-

_

-

-

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

467
467

3.64
3.64

3.65
3.65

3 . 4 3 - 3.94
3 . 4 3 - 3 .9 4

3.45
3. 20
3. 50
3.44

1
1

13
9
4

6
6

8
8

10
9
i

32
32
-

11
11
-

-

5
5

-

7
5
2

3
3
~

3
3
“

18
18
*“

15
15
-

27
27
-

55
54
1
1

66
66
-

34
28
6
6

1
l

8
8

42
42

37
37

4
4

8
8

_

_

5

—

-

5
5

12
2
10
10

10
10

-

-

-

19
17

~

-

“

6
1
5
5

41
41

10
10

39
39

24
24

40
37

28
22

~

-

5
5

1
1

11
11

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

15
15

15
15

2

6
2

4
4

2

5
5

-

-

_

4
“

1
1

5

1
1

16
16
-

46
43
3

11
8
3
1

16
16
-

15
15
-

-

-

11
11

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

2

-

“

~

1 Excludes pre miu m pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




11
11
-

10
-

-

6
1

7
7

13
13

-

13
8
5

-

32
32

1
1

12
12
-

1
1

5

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

5

-

-

-

16

34
34

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

~

-

19
19

64
34

95
95

86
86

42
42

21
21

14
14

71
68

11
11

50
25
25
25

34
7
27
27

21

24
1
23
14

.

.

.

21
21

17
3
14
8

-

-

-

17
17

386
106

25
25

20
1

10
-

19

8 ,
8' f

1
1

8
8

10
10

_

_

2
2

2
-

18
18

_

_

1
-

_

_

-

3
2

2
2

46
46

7
7

2
1

-

5
5

58
58

2

6
-

-

-

~

17
11

2

31
28

16
16

-

16
16

3

7
7

15
15

3

6
6

2

56
10
46
46

3
3

23
13
10
10

4
4

3
1
2
-

-

6

8
8

37
30
7
7

2

2
2

-

4
4

4
4

7
1
6

2
_

3

3
-

2

6
6

2
2

_
-

4. 20 4.40 over.

-

1
1
-

6

16
16

2

19
18
1

_

4
2

-

~

2

_

~

3.40 3 .60 3.80

>
o
o

under

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
12

_
_

7
7
7
7

-

-

34
34

2
2

15
15

5
5

1
1

3
3

_

9
9

19
19

13
13

55
55

110
110

87
87

79
79

64
64

4
?

-

16
16

10
10
8
8

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R .I .— a ss., May 1968)
M
Hourly earnings2

N

Occupation1 and industry division

Nu mber of workers receiving straightztime hourly earnings of—

L

of
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2.10 2 .20 2.30
Under and
$
1.60 under
1.70

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

449
287
162

$
2.06
2.08
2.01

$
1.95
2.00
1.84

$
$
1 . 7 3 - 2.38
1 . 8 2 - 2.41
1 . 6 9 - 2.06

253

2.05

1.98

1.74-

1,249
816
433
80
119

1.98
1.98
1.96
2.54
1.67

1.90
1.91
1.84
2.81
1.66

1 . 7 1 - 2.10
1 . 7 4 - 2. 0 9
1 . 6 7 - 2.14
2 . 1 4 - 2.87
1 . 6 2 - 1.73

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NO?\<MANUEACTURING-------------------------

132
34
98

1.78
1.97
1.7?

1.68
1.96
1.67

1.641.721.63-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1,124
851
273
61
99

2.14
2.08
2.33
3.20
1.89

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4 30
267

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

531
491

PACKFRS,

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ■
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUDLIC U T I L I T I E S 4
--------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

2.38

~

103
60
43

1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2. 20 2 .30 2.40
33
9
24

50
14
36

73
60
13

3.20

$
3.30 3.40

3.50

2,.50 2.60 2 .70 2 .80 2.90

3-00

3. 10 3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60 3.7 0 3.8 0

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“
-

23
23

24
23
1

18
18

-

~

9

10

59

32

11

-

12

22

12

18

-

157
94
63
18

168
136
32
12
"

146
121
25
2
5

165
107
58
2
5

53
37
16
3
3

38
18
20
1
2

26
16
10
1

40
31
9
9
~

38
38
-

27
24
3
-

18
10
8
5
“

1.78
2.14
1.70

3
3

79
8
71

23
4
19

10
10

3
3
~

_

_

~

~

~

9
4
5

2.06
2.02
2.22
3.29
1.74

1 . 8 3 - 2.42
1 . 8 4 - 2.31
1 . 7 9 - 2.63
2 . 9 6 - 3.36
1 . 6 5 - 2.19

5
5
5

120
73
47
41

109
91
18
9

139
130
9
9

114
114
-

123
94
29
2

112
84
28
10

55
50
5
5

56
55
1
1

57
52
5
5

126
68
58
8

4
2
2
2

23
22
1
1

2.21
2.20

2.20
2.15

1.951.99-

2.55
2.34

_

39
9

30
18

18
12

46
32

61
52

22
22

54
54

5
5

4
4

88

4
“

2.24
2.26

2.17
2.19

2 . 0 9 - 2.42
2 . 0 9 - 2.49

-

17
8

26
24

20
20

18
18

57
57

183
154

44
44

31
31

14
14

7
7

33
33

64
64

155

43

7
5
2
2

19
17
2
2

9
5
4
4

17
6
11
3

6
6

10
10

-

-

“

-

25
15
10
1

25
25

16
16

5
5

6
6

9
-

47
47

“

“

9

10
1
9

11
11

39
39

“

“

46
43
3

54
42
12

39
4
35

-

t

S

11
2
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
,
3
l

4
4
3
“

11
11
-

2
2
2

_

_

-

10
10
-

~

*

-

“

11
1
10
10
-

10
10
10
-

8
4
4
1

_

12
12
12
“

35
11
24
24

-

8
8

1
1

_

_

$
3.60

26
8
18

-

$
3.70

-

7
11
5
6

S

59
59

-

_

-

_

1.64

1.67

1.63-

1.70

-

142
82
60
37

2.60
2.57
2.64
2.76

2.56
2.56
2.60
3.21

2 . 2 7 - 2.79
2 . 2 6 - 2.76
2 . 3 1 - 3.23
2 . 3 1 - 3.26

_

_

_

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

154
118
36

2.49
2.47
2.55

2.58
2.46
2.62

2 . 1 8 - 2.76
2 . 1 8 - 2.76
2 . 5 1 - 3.05

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

185
148
37

2.49
2.50
2.43

2.47
2.48
2.05

TRUCKDRI VERS6 -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4---------------------

T R A D E -----------------

1,766
333
1,433
993
44

3.29
2.44
3.49
3.66
2.18

TRUCKDRIVrRS, LIGHT ( UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

141
115

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------MONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4---------------------

4 5'!
121
331
86




~

16
16
~

$
$
3. 00 3.10

60

205

See footnotes at end of table.

3
3

$
2.90

287
163
124
3
70

-

(WOMEN) -------------

HFtajl

16
16

$
.70 2.80

$
2

17
17
5 15

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

SHIPPING

46
35
11

$
$
S
2 .40 2.50 2.60

-

1

6

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

2 . 2 7 - 2.58
2 . 3 4 - 2.57
1 . 7 9 - 3.53

_
-

6

2

4

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

2

4

6

-

3.70
2.34
3.7?
3.74
2.32

2.932.063.373.721.76-

3.75
2.83
3.76
3.77
2.49

_
-

28
28

29
11
18

30
28
2

2.12
2.14

2.11
2.13

1.781.92-

2.51
2.51

2.92
2. SO
3.0 7

2.9 3
2 .3 ?
2.97
3.75

2.462.082.643.72-

3.42
3.42
3.70
3.73

3 .6 H

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

“

3
2
1

-

17
17

_
-

“

~

~

28
24
4

95
7
88

24
22
2

-

-

-

-

53
3
50
2

~

2

17
10
7
3
4

4
4

6
2

_

5
2
3
3

-

~

2

~

~

12

2

2

22
22

6
6

18
18

l

13
13

3
1

17
17

7
7

-

5
5

6
6

-

13
11
2

18
18

-

-

-

35
23
12

33
33

2
2

80
80

-

18

~

11
11

29
11

?

17
17

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2

1

-

-

_

“

—
~

3
3

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

5
5

—

_

_

..

-

“

2

_

2

-

-

_

_

-

-

7
7

20

_

-

—

20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

_

8
8

-

2
2

13
13

-

_

33
33

-

-

2
2

-

-

27
27

“

-

_

-

40
40

2
2
-

-

11
10
1

_

-

8
34
34
34

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

11
2
9

-

1
1

“

-*

_
-

_
-

l
-

_

9

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

9

2

1

131

-

31
31

80

-

-

-

6
6

-

78

~

~

“

80
78
2

?

_

_

_

_

"

~

66
66

~

50
2
48
~

_

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

~

~

~

78

-

67
41
26
8

~

'

—

-

~

6

-

-

1
1
“

_

_

-

131
2
“

5
5

893
-

893
893
“

_
“

“

83

35
35

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

83
83

“

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Aver ag e straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a si s
by industry division, Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick, R .I . — a s s . , May 1968)
M
Hourly earnings 2

O ccu p atio n 1 and in d u stry div isio n

T R U CK OK I V ER S 6 -

-----------------------------

pimi i r | it T l I 1 I F
r UOUL Ul 1 1 1 T T l j

T K UC K DR I VERS, HEAVY ( O V ER
OTHER THAN T R A I L E R T Y P E )

ki Ami ic •I'Tiinim r
HW!\Ur A f UiM lib

4

TONS,

---------------------------

T RU C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T )
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

6

Mean1
2
3

Median3

*

Middle range35

N um ber of w o rk e rs receiving stra ig h t-tim e hourly e a rn in g s of—
%
$
i
$
$
$
%
S
S
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 .2 0
2 . 10
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 . 9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0
~
2

. 2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRI V E R S , HEAVY ( OV ER 4 T O N S ,
T RA I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------------------------—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------- — -------NONHANUFACTURING

1
2
3
4
5

workers

%
ii
$
$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1L. 90 2 . 0 0
U nder and
$
|
1 .6 0 | u n der
1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2► . 0 0 2 . 1 0

$

$

3.61
2 .9 3
3 .6 8

3 .73
3.12

3 .7 3

60
31

2.86

2 .8 9

556

2 .6 7

691
62
629

494

2.66

2.65
2.65

$

$

3 .6 6 - 3 .7 6
2 .7 4 - 3 .1 7
3 .7 0 - 3 .7 7
2 .2 5 - 3 .4 4
c. • Uo“ c«Do

2 .3 9 2 .3 9 -

2.8 2
2.8 3

-

-

“

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

10

10

_
'

_ 13
"

Data limited to men w o rk e r s except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $1.40 to $1.50.
Includes all d ri v e rs , as defined, rega rdl es s of size and type of truck operated.




-

1

37
34

12

9

1

3
*

3
3

-

-

5
5

29

-

-

2

-

8

2 0

1

2

5

-

8

2

-

-

2

5
5

-

-

6

-

40
40

19

_

_

_
—

1
1

5

- 82
82

158
19 126

18

1

6

40
40

o
60
60

“

29

—
-

9
- 18
6

-

-

126 470
126 470
470

9

12

3

14

1

5

12
~

80
80

—

~

_
~




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statem ents, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of m achine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints autom atically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
w riter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determ ined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m a­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the woik. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, m achine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingm achine operators and elevator operators.

13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject m atter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to m aintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to m aintain and service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, an d . total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform m athe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, woik requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, m aintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May \ also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the woik of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does n o tin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) of a m ajor segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

16

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued
May m aintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
over either a major corporate - wide functional activity (e.g . , marketing,
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-m achine operator. )
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters; a major division)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
employees; or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
copy. May also set up and m aintain files, keep records, etc.
persons; or
OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, m ain­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, etc. ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
5,000 persons.
conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
Class D
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
tim e assignment. (’’Full” telephone information service occurs when the
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
sions are appropriate for calls. )
em ployee, adm inistrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory woiker. )
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
telephone information service. ("Lim ited” telephone information service
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from w rit­
complex calls are referred to another operator. )
ten copy.

SECRETA RY— Continue d




17

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety Of tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-m achine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingm achine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well establirfied. May also include the training of new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research^ are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or •more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, m ultiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Com pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Woik
is closely supervised during progress.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironm ent, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AN D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipm ent; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipm ent (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipm ent.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard m achine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the m achinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipm ent in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and m echanical
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that m ainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing w ritten specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipm ent, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or bmsh.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hamm er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work in-

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloy£; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AN D M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatem en who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equip me nt, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

W atchm an. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or com m erical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper, warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

22

ORDER, FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and m aintaining necessary records and files.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e eighth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s ,
a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BL S B u lle tin 1585, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 19&7.
F ift y c e n t s
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys

A lis t of the la te st availab le b u lletins is p re se n ted below . A d ir e c to r y indicating d ates of e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
a va ilab le on r e q u e st. B u lletin s m ay be purchased from the Superintendent of D o c u m en ts, U.S. G o vern m en t P rinting O ffice, W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any of the BLS re g io n a l s a le s o ffice s shown on the in sid e front co v er .
B u lletin num ber
and p rice
1530-86, 25 cents
1530-62, 25 cen ts
1575-58, 30 cen ts

B ulletin number
and p rice
1 530-76,
30 cen ts
157 5-47 ,
30 cen ts
1575^60,
30 cen ts
157 5-54 ,
35 cen ts
1 575 -3 4,
25cen ts
1 57 5-46 ,
30 cen ts
1530-83,
40 cen ts

A re a
Akron, Ohio, Ju ly 1967 1________________________________
AlbanyHSchenectady^-Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1967 __________
A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., Apr. 1968 1____________________
A llentow n—B eth leh em —E aston , P a.—N. J . ,
F eb . 1967 ________________________________________________
A tlanta, G a ., May 1967 ________________________ __________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., O ct. 1967______________________________
B eaum ont—P o r t A rthu r—O ran ge, T ex., May 1967 ____
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., Apr. 1968 _________________________
B o ise City, Idaho, July 1967____________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Sept. 1967 1------------------------------------------B uffalo, N .Y ., D ec . 1967_________________________________
B urlington, V t ., Mar. 1968______________________________
Canton, Ohio, A pr. 1967 ________________________________
C h a r lesto n , W. V a ., Apr. 1967 -------------------------------------C h arlo tte, N .C ., Apr. 196 8 1_____________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .- G a ., Aug. 1967-----------------------------C h icago, 111., Apr. 1967 1 _______________________________
C incinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind ., M ar. 1968 1_________________
C levela n d , Ohio, Sept. 1967_____________________________
C olu m bu s, O hio, O ct. 1967______________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., Nov. 1967_________________________________

1530-53,
1530-7 1,
1 57 5-18 ,
1530-74,
1575-59,
1 5 75 -3 ,
1 57 5-1 3,
1 57 5-41 ,
1 575-48,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1575-57,
1 57 5-7,
1530-73,
1575-62,
1 57 5-14 ,
1575-23,
1 57 5-20 ,

25 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
20 cen ts
30 cen ts
20 cen ts
30 cents
30 cen ts
20 cen ts
20 cen ts
20 cen ts
30 cents
25 cents
30 cen ts
30 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cents
25 cents

A rea
M ilw au k ee, W is., A pr. 1967 1_____________ ______________
M in n eap olis—St. P au l, M inn., Jan. 1968_________ ________
M uskegon—M uskegon H eig h ts, M ich ., M ay 1968 1________
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F eb . 1968 1______________
N ew H aven, C onn., Jan. 1 968 1___________________________
N ew O rlea n s, L a., F eb . 1968------------------------------------------N ew Y ork, N .Y ., A pr. 1967 1-------------------------------------------N orfolk —P ortsm ou th and N ew port N ew s—
H am pton, V a., June 1967 1--------------------------------------------O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Ju ly 1967________________________
O m aha, N eb r.—Iow a, O ct. 1 967 1_________________________
P a ter son—C lifton —P a s s a ic , N .J ., M ay 1967 ____________
P h ila d elp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1967 1_____________________
P h o en ix, A r iz ., M ar. 1968 1--------------------------------------------P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1968-----------------------------------------------P ortla n d , M aine, N ov. 1967 1------------------------------------------P o r tla n d , O reg .—W a sh ., M ay 1967 ______________________
P ro v id e n ce—P aw tu cket—W arw ick, R .I.—M a s s .,
M ay 1968 ------------------------------------------------------------------------R a leig h , N .C ., A ug. 1 967 1--------------- ------------------------------R ichm ond, V a ., N ov. 1 967 1--------------------------------------------R ock ford , 111., M ay 1967 --------------------------------------------------

D avenp ort—R ock Island—M o lin e , Iowa—111.,
Oct. 1967_________________________________________________
D ayton, Ohio, Jan. 1968 1________________________________
D en v er , C olo., D ec . 1967 1_______________________________
D es M o in es, Iowa, F eb . 1968 1__________________________
D etro it, M ich., Jan. 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
F o r t Worth, T ex ., Nov. 1967.^__________________________
G reen Bay, W is., Ju ly 1967_____________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., May 1967 _____________________________
H ouston, T ex ., June 1967 ________ ______________________
Indianapolis, Ind., D ec . 1967 1__________________________

1 5 75 -1 2,
1 575-51,
1 575-38,
1 575-52,
1 57 5-45 ,
157 5-22 ,
157 5-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1 575-36,

25 cen ts
30 cen ts
2 5 cen ts
30 cen ts
35 cen ts
25 cents
20 cents
25 cen ts
25 cents
30 cen ts

St. L o u is, M o.-111., Jan. 1968— ------------------------------------S alt L ake C ity, U tah, D ec. 1967--------------------------------------San A ntonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 __________________________
San B ern ard in o—R iv e r sid e — n tario, C a lif.,
O
A ug. 1967 1------------------------------------------------------------------------San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1 967-------------------------------------------San F r a n c isc o —O akland, C a lif., Jan. 1968______________
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1 967 1 ------------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., May 1967 ------------------------------------------------S cra n to n , P a ., July 1 967 1-----------------------------------------------S ea ttle—E v e re tt, W a sh ., N ov. 1 967 1_____________ _______

157 5-39 ,
157 5-35 ,
1 530 -8 4,

30 cen ts
20 cen ts
25 cen ts

1 5 75 -1 0,
1 5 75 -1 9,
157 5-37 ,
1 575-1 5,
1530-69,
1 57 5 -9 ,
1 5 75 -2 9,

30 cen ts
20cen ts
25 cen ts
25cen ts
20 cen ts
25cen ts
25 cen ts

1 57 5-49 ,
1 57 5-33 ,
157 5 -3 0,
1530-77,
1 57 5 -2 ,

30 cen ts
20 cen ts
25 cents
20 cen ts
25 cents

1530-65,
1575-50,
1530-75,
1 575-1,
1 57 5 -3 2,
1 57 5-28 ,
1530-78,

30 cen ts
30 cen ts
20 cen ts
20 cents
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
20 cen ts

S ioux F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1 967 1_________________________
South B end, In d ., M ar. 1968 1 ___________________________
Spokane, W a sh ., June 1967 1 -------------------------------------------Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la . , A ug. 1967_______________
T oled o, Ohio—M ich ., F eb . 1968___________________________
T ren ton , N .J ., N ov. 1 967------------------------------------------------W ash in gton , D .C .—Md.—V a ., Sept. 1 967_________________
W aterbury, C on n ., A pr. 1968 1---------------------------------------W aterloo, Iow a, N ov. 1 967------------------------------------------------W ichita, K a n s., D e c . 1 967________________________________
W ore e s t e r , M a ss., June 1967 ___________________________
Y ork, P a ., F eb . 1968 1...................................................................—
Y oungstow n—W arren , O hio, N ov. 1 967 1--------------------------

1 57 5 -1 7,
25 cen ts
1 57 5-56 ,
30 cen ts
1 530-80,
25 cen ts
157 5 -8 ,
25 cen ts
1 57 5 -4 3 ,
30 cen ts
1 5 75 -2 4,
20cen ts
1 575-1 1,
25 cen ts
157 5-53 ,
30 cen ts
1 5 75 -2 6,
20 cen ts
1 5 75 -3 1,
20 cen ts
1 530-81,
25 cen ts
157 5-42 , 30 cen ts
1 5 75 -2 5,
25 cen ts

J ackson, M is s ., F eb. 1968 1_____________________________
J a c k so n v ille, F la ., Jan. 1968-----------------------------------------K ansas C ity, Mo.—K a n s ., Nov. 1 967 1___________________
L aw ren ce—H a v e rh ill, M a ss .—N .H ., June 1967 ------------L ittle Rock—N orth L ittle R ock, A rk., July 1967---------Los A n g e le s—Long B ea ch and A naheim —Santa A n aG arden G r o v e , C a lif., Mar. 1967 1 ___________________
L o u isv ille , Ky.—In d ., F eb. 1968________________________
Lubbock, T ex ., June 1967 _______________________________
M a n c h ester , N .H ., July 1967____________________________
M em p h is, T e n n .- A r k ., Jan. 1 968 1--------------------------------M iam i, F la ., D ec . 1967 1________________________________
Midland and O d e s sa , T ex ., June 1967 --------------------------

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




1530-82,
157 5 -4 ,
157 5-21 ,
153 0-67 ,
157 5-40 ,
157 5- 55,
1 57 5-44 ,
157 5 -1 6,
1 5 30 -7 9,

25 cents
20 cen ts
25 cen ts
25cen ts
30 cen ts
30 cen ts
30 cen ts
25 cen ts
25cen ts

1575-61,
30 cen ts
1 57 5-6, 25 cen ts
1 57 5-2 7,
25 cen ts
1530-68,
20 cen ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102