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3 . •£. 3

Area
Wage
Survey




^oso.^ p0Ughkeepsie,

New York,
Metropolitan Area, June 1979

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a June 1979 survey of occupational
earnings in the Poughkeepsie, New York, Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics'
annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau's regional
office in New York, N .Y ., under the general direction of Anthony J. Ferrara,
Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations.
The survey could not have
been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firm s whose wage and
salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin.
The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in th e p u b lic d o m a in and m a y b e
r e p r o d u c e d w ith o u t p e r m i s s i o n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it
the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s and c it e th e n a m e and n u m b e r o f th is
p u b lic a tio n .

Note:
Current reports on occupational earnings in the Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh area are available for the laundry and dry cleaning
(June 1979) and moving and storage (June 1979) industries.
Free copies
of these are available from the Bureau's regional offices.
(See back cover
for addresses.)




Area
Wage
Survey

Poughkeepsie, New York,
Metropolitan Area, June 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Page

In troduction ___________________________________________

2

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
November 1979
Bulletin 2050-34

Fo r sa le by the S u pe rin te n d e n t of D o c u ­
m ents. U S G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffice.
W a sh in g to n D C 20402. G P O B o o k sto re s, or
B L S R e g io n a l O ffic e s liste d on b a ck cove r
Digitized for 50 M ake c h e c k s p a ya b le to S u p e r­
P ric e $1 FRASER
in te n de n t of D ocu m e n ts
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

T a b le s :
E a rn in gs, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A - l . W eekly e a rn in g s o f o f fic e w o r k e r s ______
A -2 . W eekly ea rn in g s o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ___________________
A -3 . A v e ra g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f
o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____
A -4 . H ou rly ea rn in g s o f m a in ten a n ce,
to o lr o o m , and p ow erp la n t
A -5,
A -6 .

A -l.

A -8.

A -9 .

H ou rly ea rn in gs of m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and cu s to d ia l w o r k e r s ______
A v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f
m a in ten a n ce, to o lr o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r ia l m ov em en t, and
cu sto d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h ou rly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d
o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________
A v e ra g e pay re la tio n s h ip s
within es ta b lis h m e n ts
f o r w h it e -c o lla r w o r k e r s ________________
A v e ra g e pay re la tio n s h ip s
w ithin es ta b lis h m e n ts
f o r b lu e - c o lla r w o r k e r s _________________

3
4

5

6

7

8

9

Page

A p p en d ix A.
A p p en d ix B .

S co p e and m ethod o f s u r v e y _________ 11
O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s ___________ 14

Introduction

This area is 1 of 72 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits.
(See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area,
earnings data for selected occupations (A -s e r ie s tables) are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage
benefits (B -s e r ie s tables) is obtained every third year.
This report has
no B -s e r ie s tables.

m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . T h e o c c u p a t io n s a r e d e fin e d
in A p p e n d ix B. F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - 10 th r o u g h A - 15
p r o v id e s im il a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s , a n d u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s a nd f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly . D a ta a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d f o r s k ille d
m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g b e c a u s e th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g is t o o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a ft e r e lim in a t io n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m en t s h ift s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts a s w e l l a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A .

Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been co m ­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and
regional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for
all Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor m arkets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The
program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including
wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­
ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act
of 1965.

T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r o v id e f o r th e f i r s t t im e m e a s u r e s o f a v e r a g e
p a y r e la t io n s h ip s w ith in e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d iffe r c o n ­
s id e r a b ly f r o m the p a y r e la t io n s h ip s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s p u b lis h e d in ta b le s
A - l th r o u g h A - 6 . S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r d e t a ils .

A p p e n d ix e s

A -s e r ie s tables

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m a nd p r o v id e s i n fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

Tables A - l through A -6 provide estimates of straight-tim e weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of

A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
p r e s e n t a t iv e s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t io n .




2

u sed

by

B u rea u fie ld

re­

E a rn in g s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
N um ber

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n
workers

A verage
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

M ean 2

M edian 2

*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

M iddle range 2

STRAIGHT--TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS)
240

250

260

270

290

310

330

350

240

250

260

270

290

310

330

350

370

3

5

4

4

2

-

-

-

~

8
8

-

—

1
1

_

_

-

_

1
1

-

-

~

-

1
1
-

-

4

1
1

120

130

14 0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

130

140

15 0

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2 30

1

110
AND
UNDER
120

OF —

230

2 20

1

3

5

2

4

1

1

2

2
2

-

-

-

-

1

-

'

'

~

2
2

1

1
1

2
2

-

3
3
“

4
4
*

4
4
“

2
2

1
1

4

4

4

4

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

3
3

7
6

1
1

_

3
2

3
3

6

1
1

-

secretaries:

N0NMANUFACTURIN6.. . . . . . . . . ................

39

39.0

$ 23 1.5 0

$22 5.0 0

$ 1 7 1 .0 0 - $ 28 3.0 0
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS.....................
NONMANUF ACTURING........................ .. .................

20
17

39.5
39.5

2 19 .50
217.50

2 34 .50
266.50

1 5 9 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 -

2 81.50
2 81 .50

“

2
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORREC EP TI O NI ST S...........................................................
MANUFACTURING.......................................... ..

23
16

3 8.5
38.0

1 53 .50
157.00

152.50
152.50

1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .5 0 -

168 .00
167 .00

2
~

5
4

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.................. ...............................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
N0NMANUFACTURIN6.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

52
34
18

39.5
3 9.5
40.0

185.50
2 0 3 .00
153.00

177.00
207.00
1 5 1 .00

1 5 2 .0 0 1 7 9 .5 0 1 43 .00 -

2 10 .00
2 3 2 .50
1 66 .50

-

-

3

-

-

-

“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A . . . . . . .
MANUFACTURING............................................
.

25

216.00
222.50

2 1 0 .00
218.50

2 0 7 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 -

235 .00
244 .00

-

_

2 2

39.0
39.0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B...............
NONMANUFACTURING........................

27
15

40.0
4 0.0

157.50
1 4 9 .50

1 5 3 .00
1 46 .00

1 4 5 .5 0 1 4 3 .0 0 -

167 .50
1 58.00

_

1
1

2
2

6
4

2

-

2
1

10
4
6

4
i
3

5
2
3

7

3
-

-

1
1

-

-

2

3
2

_

-

4

3

3
1

3
2

9
7

2
1

5
5

4

40.0
40.0

2 0 6 .00
2 0 4 .00

2 10 .00
213.50

1 6 0 .0 0 1 61 .00 -

2 5 6 .00
2 28 .00

~

1
-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . . . . .
MANUFACTURING............................................

34
28

40.0
40.0

218.50
212.00

2 1 9 .00
217.00

1 7 1 .5 0 1 7 0 .5 0 -

2 55 .00
2 37 .00

-

_

-

-

-

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.

19

183 .50

1 55 .00

1 4 9 .5 0 -

2 40 .00

1

2

CLASS

B .....

O

53
34

o

10
6

2

-

-

3
3

_

-

KEY ENTRY O P E R A T O R S . . .............................. ...
MANUFACTURING.. .................................... ..

2

-

3

~

4

-

1
1

3

4

2

1
-

4

-

2
1

3
3

1
1

~

~

2

1

-




3

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
2

3
3

1
1

4
1

-

_

_

-

2
2

3
3

1
1

4

-

1

**

“

“
3
3

5

1
'

Se e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e s .

_

1
-

4
4

4

-

2

2
1

5

2

5

'

-

_

-

*
~

Table A - 2 .

W e e kly earnings of professional and te c h n ic a l workers, Poughkeepsie, N .Y., June 1979
W e e k ly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Num ber
of
workers

A v era g e
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard]

M ean ^

M edian 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS

RECEIVING STRAIGHT -TIME

OF—

M id d le range 2

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

2 90

300

310

330

350

370

3 90

410

430

450

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

330

350

370

390

410

430

450

470

4
4

1
1

5
5

-

3
3

1
1

9
9

3

6
6

3
2

27
6

4
4

1
1

8
8

2
2

5
-

-

3
1

-

3
-

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
5

3
3

2
2

2
2

4
4

1
1

4
4

2
2

_

_

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

3
2

2
2

1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

5
-

-

-

22
1

-

-

-

~

-

-

1

1

-

~

1

-

5

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

39.5
40.0

< 28 6.0 0
2 6 7 .50

< 28 8.0 0
264.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS B................................... ...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .. . ......................................

31
29

39.5
39.5

2 7 7 .00
2 69 .00

276 .00
270.00

2 4 0 .0 0 2 4 0 .0 0 -

3 08 .00
298 .00

-

_

-

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ...........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .. . ......................................

NA
16

38.5
4 0.0

274.00
231 .00

288 .00
243 .00

2 5 0 .0 0 1 9 5 .5 0 -

288 .00
2 52 .00

4
4

1
1

_

_

-

-

2
2

15

4 0 .0

256.00

2 70.00

2 1 1 .5 0 -

294.00

1

2

1

1

-

See f o o t n o t e s

DOLLARS)

200

9D
57

N U R S E S .......

(IN

190

DRAFTERS..........................................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL

WEEKLY EARNINGS

180
AND
UNDER
190

< 2 4 9 . 5 0 —< 3 0 4 . 0 0
2 4 0 .0 0 - 295 .00

_

4
4

-

_

4

at en d o f t a b l e s .

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979
A verage

O ccupation,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

(m e a n 2 )

of

W eek*

W e e k ly

hours
(standard)

O ccu pation ,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

(standard)

earn in gs1

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN
s e c r e t a r ie s

N um ber

N um ber

workers

O F F IC E

O C C U P A T IO N S

W OM EN—

:

of
workers

W eek ly
hours1
(standard)

W e e k ly

CLERKS

-

CLASS A...............

21

ACCOUNTING CLERKS*

CLASS B ......................

2 5

et

34

AO . 0

34

4 0 .0

2 1 8 .5 0

o

o

46

3 9 .5

1 8 7 .0 0

3 3

3 9 .5

• •

55

3 9 .5
40.0

< 28 6.5 0
268 .50

31
29

39.5
39.5

277.00
269.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS C.........................................
MANUFACTURING..*.

26
1 5

3 9.5
4 0.0

267.00
231.00

15

40.0

2 56 .00

1 5 8 .5 0

2 0 7 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G .........

. . . . . . . . .

2 0 1 • 5 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.

CLASS

A ....

28

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

2 1 2 .0 0

REGISTERED
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.

S ee f o o t n o t e s

CLASS

at en d o f t a b l e s .




71

2 0 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 5 3 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.................................................

W e e k ly
earnings1
(standard)

< 2 2 1 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR1 5 7 .0 0

hours
(standard)

DRAFTERS................ .....................................................................
MANUFACTURING• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

C O N T IN U E D

ACCOUNTING CLERKS*

3 8 .0

W e e k ly

of
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

-

C O N T IN U E D

2 1 9 .5 0

16

s e x . 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

DRAFTERS. CLASS 6 ..........................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ..................

A C C O U N T IN G

3 9 .5

O ccupation,

earnings1
(standard)

< 2 3 3 .0 0

2 0

A v e ra g e
(m e a n 2 )

A v e ra g e

(m e a n 2 )
N u m b er

4

B ....

1 8

4 0 .0

1 8 5 .5 0

INDUSTRIAL NURSES................

_

-

T a b le A - 4 .

H ourly e a rn in g s of m aintenance, toolroom , and pow erplant workers, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., Ju n e 1979
Hourly earnings

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d i v is i o n

4

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT -T IM E

Number
of
Mean 2

M e d ia n 2

MAINTENANCE E L EC T RI CI AN S..............................
MANUFACTURING.-................................................

37
29

* 7 .6 5
7 .1 0

* 8 .0 0
6 .6 5

* 6 .1 5 6 .1 0 -

* 8 .9 9
8 .0 0

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . .....................

52
52

7 .6 0
7 .6 0

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

6 .6 5 6 .6 5 -

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

DOLLARS)

OF—
9 . 6 01 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 40

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ..................................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .......................................

61
59

7 .6 0
7 .5 9

7 .0 0
7 .0 0

6 .7 5 6 .5 6 -

9 .4 4
9 .4 4

2
2

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS.............................................
MANUFACTURING........................................

86
86

7 .7 6
7 .7 6

7 .6 7
7 .6 7

6 .8 2 6 .8 2 -

8 .6 4
8 .6 4

-

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0 7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 . 40

7 . 60

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0 7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 . 60

7 . 80

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 . 80

~

6
6

“

5
5

1
1

“

-

9
9

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

13
13

-

4

_

4

*

4

1
1

-

4

1
1

4

5

4

4

18
14

7

12
12

“

See fo o tn o te s

(IN

4
4

5 .2 0 5 .4 0
A NO
UNDER
5 .4 0 5 .6 0

M iddle range 2

HOURLY EARNINGS

-

-

-

4
4

8
8

-

-

-

-

7

1
1

20
20

2
2

17
17

*

1

4
4

1
1

-

-

_

2
2

1
1

-

18
18

4

”
-

-

-

-

9
1

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

2
2

-

7
7

3
3

4

8
8

7
7

7
7

5
5

2
2

1
1

1
1

at en d o f t a b l e s .

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979
Hourly earnings

O ccu p a tion and in dustry d iv is io n

4

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME

Number
of
M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

3 .0 0 3 .2 0
AND
UNDER
3 .2 0 3 .4 0

TRUCKDRI V E R S . . .................................................. ...

41

* 5 .6 8

* 5 .5 7

* 5 .0 0 -

* 6 .7 8

_

WAREHOUSEMEN................................................................

37

4 .6 9

4 .4 8

4 .3 4 -

5 .4 0

-

3

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS........................
MANUFACTURING........................... .........................

95
95

5 .2 3
5 .2 3

5 .3 0
5 .3 0

4 .9 2 4 .9 2 -

5 .9 8
5 .9 8

-

79
74

5 .4 2
5 .3 8

5 .5 8
5 .5 8

5 .4 1 5 .1 8 -

6 .0 5
6 .1 2

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS-------MANUFACTURING.......................... ..

248
73

4 .0 3
4 .8 3

3 .8 0
4 .8 0

3 .3 0 4 .0 0 -

4 .4 2
5 .2 8

Se e f o o t n o t e s

-

5

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5.2 0

5 . 40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .40

5 . 60

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

-

-

10

2

_

4

-

5

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

3

1

-

20

5

4
4

4

4
4

20
6

5

22
8

2

2

6

1

15
15

5
5

4

9
1

8
4

21
-

2
2

2
1

8
8

12
12

-

_

-

-

1
1

-

4

4

1
-

2

8

-

at e n d o f t a b l e .




OF—

3 .8 0

8
8
88
8

DOLLARS)

3 .6 0

4

-

(IN

3 .4 0

8
8

FORKLIFT OPERATORS................................................
MANUFACTURING............................................ ...

HOURLY EARNINGS

2
2

1
1

29
29

3

20
19

2

12
10

-

-

3

-

-

7
7

5
-

6
6

11
11

1
1

15
12

1
1

5
1

3
3

1
1

-

-

32
32

“

1
1

1
1

-

1
1




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979
O ccupation,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

A verage
(m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

O ccu pation ,

BAINTE NANCE• TOOLROOB. AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - BEN
HAINTENANCE ELECT RICI AN S ..........................
BANUFACTURING.................................................

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

BATERIAL BOVEBENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - BEN
36

$ 4.6 9

HANDLING LABORERS.....................

95
95

5 .2 3
5 .2 3

FORKLIFT OPERATORS...........................................
BANUFACTURING................................................

29

79
74

5 .4 2
5 .3 8

J AN IT O RS . PORTERS. AND C L E A N E R S . . .
BANUFACTURING................................................

183
66

4 .1 1
4 .7 7

7 .1 0
BATERIAL

maintenance:

m a c h i n i s t s , . . .......................
BANUFACTURING.................................................

52

7 .6 0

BAINTENANCE BECHANICS
(BOTOR V EH IC LE S ! ..............................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ...................................

61
54

7 .6 0
7 .5 9

TOOL AND DIE BAKERS.........................................
BANUFACTURING.................................................

86
86

7 .7 6
7 .7 6

See f o o t n o t e s

at end o f t a b l e s .

6

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups.
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., for selected periods
Jun e 1977
to
June 1978

June 197 8
to
June 197 9

June 1975
to
June 1976

Ju ne 1976
to
Ju ne 1977

A ll in du stries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ____ __ _________________ __ _____ ___
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g . . .
____ . . . . _______
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ___________________________________ . .
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d pl a n t w o r k e r s ____________________ ________

(‘ )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
5 .3

(‘ )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
6.7

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(‘ )
2 .6

6 .6
6.2

M anufacturing:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _______________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d pl a nt w o r k e r s _________________________________

(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6 )
3 .7

(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6 )
8.1

(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6 )
6 .0

(6)
(6)
(‘ )
(6)
8.5

N on m an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l . ____________________________ ___________
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g ____ ______________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________________________ - ______________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t w o r k e r s _________________________________

(6 )
( )
(6 )
(6 )

(*)
( )
(6)
(6)

C)

(6 )

(6 )

(! )
(6 )
(6)

I n d u s t r y a nd o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p 5




See fo o tn o te s

a t end o f t a b l e s .

7

(6)
(‘ )

(6 )
(M
(b )

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979
O ffic e c l e r i c a l o cc u p a tio n b eing c o m p a r e d —
O c c u p a t i o n w h i c h e q u a l s 100

A cc o u n tin g clerks
Sw itchboard operators

K ey entry operators

Sw itchboard op era tor-recep tionists
Class A

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS........................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORRECEPTIONISTS............................................
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B . . . .
KEY FNTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B . .

Class B

Class A

100
12 9
125
132

10 0
10 0
102

100
127

Class B

100
(6 )
(6)
(6 )
92
(6)

100
72
10 1
95
98

100

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n b e i n g c o m p a r e
Drafters
R egistered industrial nurses
Class B

DRAFTERS. CLASS B ...................................
DRAFTERS. CLASS C ...................................
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NU RS ES ..

Class C

100
118
102

100
84

100

S e e fo o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e s .

NOTE:
T a b l e s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n p a i r s o f o c c u p a t i o n s w it h i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a v a l u e o f 122 i n d i c a t e s that e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n d i r e c t l y
a b o v e in the h e a d i n g a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n d i r e c t l y to the l e f t i n the st u b . S i m i l a r l y , a v a l u e o f 85 i n d i c a t e s e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n i n the h e a d i n g a r e 15 p e r c e n t
b e l o w e a r n i n g s f o r th e o c c u p a t i o n in the st ub .
See appendix A fo r m e th o d o f com p utation.




8

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979
M ain ten ance, t o o lr o o m ,
O c c u p a t i o n w h i c h e q u a l s 100

an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n b e in g c o m p a r e d —
M ech an ics

E lectricians

M achinists

T o o l and d ie makers
M otor v eh ic les

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE M A C H I N I S T S . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TOOL AND DIE MAKERS..................... ...

100
99
97
(6)

100
(6 )

100

100

M a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l o cc u p a tio n b eing c o m p a r e d —

W arehousemen

WAREHOUSEMEN.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
MATERIAL HANDLING L A B O R E R S . . . .
FORKLIFT O P E R A T O R S . . . . . . . . . . . .
JANITORS* PORTERS* AND
C L E A N E R S . . . . . . . . .

S ee footn ote

M aterial handling laborers

100
(6)
(6)

100

F orklift operators

Janitors, porters, and cleaners

100
113

110

a t en d o f t a b l e s .

NOTE:
T a b l e s A - 8 a n d A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n p a i r s o f o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a v a l u e o f 122 i n d i c a t e s tha t e a r n i n g s f o r th e o c c u p a t i o n d i r e c t l y
a b o v e i n t h e h e a d i n g a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r th a n e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n d i r e c t l y t o the l e f t i n th e stub .
S i m i l a r l y , a v a l u e o f 85 i n d i c a t e s e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n in the h ea di n g a r e 15 p e r c e n t
b e l o w e a r n i n g s f o r t h e o c c u p a t i o n in t h e stub.
See a ppen dix A fo r m e th o d of com putation.




9

Footnotes

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s
( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e
w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s
p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e
th e s a m e o r l e s s than th e ra te s h ow n . T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
r a te s o f p a y : a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s than th e lo w e r
o f t h e s e r a te s and a fo u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e th an th e h ig h e r r a te .




3 E a r n in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s
p r o v id e d b y th e e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s en d in g p r i o r t o 1976 r e la t e to m e n o.nly f o r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s . A ll o t h e r e s t im a t e s r e la t e
to m e n and w o m e n .
6 D ata do n ot m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r da ta n o t a v a ila b le .

10

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 72 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and se r v ic e s. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishm ents and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey,
as w ell as the number actually studied.
Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3 - year
intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit,
m ail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating
in the previous survey.
A sam ple of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected
for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, less estab­
lishm ents which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
m o st c a se s, establishm ents new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.
The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all estab­
lishm ents within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and
number of em ployees. F rom this stratified universe a probability sample
is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of se­
lection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion
of large than sm a ll establishments is selected. When data are combined,
each establishm ent is weighted according to its probability of selection so
that unbiased estim ates are generated. For example, if one out of four
establishm ents is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus
three oth ers. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the
sam e in d u stry-size classification if data are not available from the original
sam ple m em b er. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is
assigned to a sample m em ber that is sim ilar to the m issing unit.
Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerica l; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,

and powerplant; and (4) m aterial movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job
titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the
occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the
scope of the survey, are not presented in the A -se r ie s tables because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data
to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data. Separate m en's and women's earnings data are not
presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent
or m ore of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data
not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all
industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level,
data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is
not shown or information to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
w orkers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are
rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of
workers on some A -tab les indicate a change in the size of the class intervals.
These surveys m easure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual jobs
are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change, or
high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occu­
pational average even though m ost establishments in an area increase wages
during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
A - 7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries
staffing, and thus contribute
averages may fail to reflect
in individual establishments.

1
Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
and establishments differ in pay level and job
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S.
accurately the wage differential among jobs
Department of Labor.




Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual
establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include pro­
gression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are
collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job
descriptions.
Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys
usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments
and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed
as follow s:
1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared.
The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in
the survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.
2.

Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its p ro ­
portionate employment in the occupational group in the
base year.

3.

These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight.
The products are totaled to
Obtain a group average.

4.

The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year by
the average for the earlier year.
The result— expressed
as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the
trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases.
Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect
an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans
providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased
hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range,
depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are also shown. (It is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)
Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Electronic data processing—
Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, senior
Stenographers, general
Typists, classes A and B
File clerks, cla sses A ,
B , and C
M essengers
Switchboard operators
Order clerks, classes
A and B
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Payroll clerks
Key entry operators,
classes A and B

Computer operators,
classes A , B, and C

Electronic data processing
Computer system s analysts,
classes A , B, and C
Computer program m ers,
classes
 A , B , and C



Industrial nurses
Registered industrial
nurses
Skilled maintenance
Carpenters
Electricians
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Material handling laborers

For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these
wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor
Review, January 1973, pp. 52-57.
Average pay relationships within establishments
Relative measures of occupational pay are presented in table A - 8
for white-collar occupations and in table A -9 for blu e-collar occupations.
These relative values reflect differences in pay between occupations within
individual establishments. Relative pay values are computed by dividing an
establishment's average earnings for an occupation being compared by the
average for another occupation (designated as 100) and multiplying the quotient
by 100.
For example, if janitors in a firm average $4 an hour and forklift
operators $ 5, forklift operators have a relative pay value of 125 compared
with janitors. ($ 5 -r $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.) In combining the relatives of
the individual establishments to arrive at an overall average, each establish­
ment is considered to have as many relatives as it has weighted workers
in the two jobs being compared.
Pay relationships based on overall averages may differ considerably
because of the varying contribution of high- and low-wage establishments to
the averages. For example, the overall average hourly earnings for forklift
operators may be 50 percent more than the average for janitors because the
average for forklift operators may be strongly influenced by earnings in
high-wage establishments while the average for janitors may be strongly
influenced by earnings in low-wage establishments. In such a case, the
intra-establishment relationship will indicate a much sm aller difference
in earnings.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Informa­
tion for these tabulations is collected at 3-y ear intervals. These tabulations
on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differ­
entials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables)
in previous bulletins for this area.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979

Industry division 2

ALL I N D U S T R Y

D IV IS IO N S

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

W i t h in s c o p e o f st u d y 4
W i t h in 8c o p e
o f st u d y 3

Number

Percent

46

35.9 95

ICO

3C .665

i«

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4

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13
5
6

1 T h e P o u g h k e e p s i e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e
O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 97 4, c o n s i s t s o f D u t c h e s s
C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r s t a t i s t i c a l s e r i e s
to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) pl an nin g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d ,
a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d
in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
All go ve r n m e n t operation s a re
e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su rve y .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m
lim itation.
A l l o u t l e t s (w i th in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,




S t ud ie d

S t u d i ed

93

--------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORT ATION. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I F S 5 ----------------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE t r a d e 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL t r a d e 6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------------------CERVICES6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b er of establish m en ts

4

f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s on e
establishm ent.
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (wi th in
th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s and
s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 S e p a r a t e da ta f o r th is d i v i s i o n a r e no t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but
th e d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in th e " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " e s t i m a t e s .
7 H o t e l s a nd m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ;
autom obile rep air,
r e n t a l , an d p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g i n e e r i n g and
architectural serv ices .

13

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bu­
reau's wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying
inro appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety
of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to
establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational
wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this em ­
phasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational
content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those
in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives
are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and parttim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers. Handicapped workers whose
earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded.
Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the
job descriptions, are excluded.

Office
SECRETARY

SECRET ARY— Continued

Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of
the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed
supervision and guidance. P erform s varied clerical and secretarial duties
requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.

Exclusions— Continued

a. Positions which do not meet the "p erson al" secretary concept
described above;
b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of pro­
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;
d. A ssist ant-type positions which entail more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties
which are not typical of secretarial work, e .g ., Administrative
A ssistant, or Executive Assistant:




Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled "L e v e l of Supervisor, " e.g., secretary to the
president of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;

f.
Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled "se c r e ta r y " possess the
above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the
definition are as follows:

e.

Trainees.

Clas sification by Level
Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched
at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company's organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these
two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of
the factors.
Level of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
LS—1

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or

S E C R E T A R Y ---- C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

Classification by Level— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert.
(NOTE:
Many companies a s s i g n stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
LS—2

a.

b.

LS—
3

NOTE: The term "corporate o fficer" used in the above LS definition
refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking
role with regard to major company activities. The title "vice president,"
though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such
positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act personally
on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan
or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a
clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate o fficers" for purposes
of applying the definition.

Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for LS—
3, but whose organizational unit normally
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or

Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR)
This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between
the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is
expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched
at LR—1 or LR— described below according to their level of responsibility.
2

Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer
than 5, 000 persons.

LR—1. Perform s varied secretarial duties including or comparable
to most of the following:

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.

a. Answers telephones,
coming m ail.

Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100
but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or

d. Maintains supervisor's
instructed.
e.

and opens in­

May

calendar

and makes

appointments

as

Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.

LR—2. Perform s duties described under LR—1 and, in addition
performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowl­
edge of office functions including or comparable to most of the
following:

Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e .g ., a middle management supervisor of an organi­
zational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25, 000 persons.

a. Screens telephone and personal ca llers, determining which can
be handled by the supervisor's subordinates or other offices.

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

b.

c. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that
em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 per sons.

15

Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of of­
fice procedures or collection of information from files or
other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or
supervisor's name.

c.

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0
but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or




callers,

c. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to ensure procedural and
typographical accuracy.

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over
5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

LS—
4

personal

b. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers.
reply to requests by sending a form letter.

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a major corporatewide functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
research , operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquar­
te r s; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over
5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 employees; or

e.

greets

Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis
of general instructions.

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s i b i l i t y ( L R —2)— C o n tin u e d

Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s ­
sem bles necessary background m aterial for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.
e.

Explains supervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
v iso r's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)
TYPIST

The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each
LS and LR combination.
Level of secretary's
_____ supervisor_____

Level of secretary's responsibility
LR—1

LS—1_
LS—
2_
LS—
3_
LS—
4_

Class
Class
Class
Class

E
D
C
B

LR—2
Class
Class
Class
Class

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a steno­
graphic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary
duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine Typist).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one man­
ager or executive and perform s more responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, Senior.
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as In legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May
also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the
following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and
of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, file s,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup file s; assembling
material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
routine questions, etc.
Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May
maintain file s , keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks.




Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating proc­
esse s.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as
keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.
Class A .
Performs one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial
in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in
spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B. Performs one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.

FILE CLERK
F iles, cla ssifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter file s. May also file this
m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cr o ss-r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requested,
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards m aterial. May
perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service file s.
Class C . Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or num erical). A s requested,
locates readily available material in files and forwards m aterials; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service file s.

M ESSENGER

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u c h as ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a ­
t io n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

C la s s B .
H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g it e m s w h ic h h av e r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p lic a t io n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to in s b r e th a t p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e (P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v i d e in fo r m a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a te le p h o n e
s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c t s as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
O p e ra to r -R e c e p t io n is t .

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u ch as p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in te r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h av e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia t e p e r s o n
a r r a n g in g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b oth as
s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's
s u c h d u tie s a s g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a t i o n o r c o n ta c t in g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s :

R e c e i v e s w r it t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g d u tie s :
Q uotin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m in in g a v a i l ­
a b ilit y o f o r d e r e d it e m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b s titu te s w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a te and m e t h o d o f d e li v e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in fo r m a t io n on o r d e r
s h e e t s ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f in fo r m a t io n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; f o llo w in g - u p
to s e e th at o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y th e s p e c if ie d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r kn ow
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g s h ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

th e

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is o f

th e

fo llo w in g

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h and.

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H a n d le s o r d e r s that in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts s u c h as
c h o o s in g w h ic h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w ill s a t is f y th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e t e r m in in g th e p r i c e to b e
q u o te d w h e n p r i c i n g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e f e r r in g to a p r i c e lis t o r
m a k in g s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a t ic a l c a lc u la t io n s .




in to

C la s s B .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
a nd s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u ch a s p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and l o c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u tie s
in c lu d e a n y o f th e f o l l o w i n g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r
m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lt a t iv e a d v ic e
u s in g k n o w le d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l t r a in in g ;
e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e a s an in t e g r a l
p a r t o f th e jo b .
are

c la s s ifie d

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d or n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n tin g
a c t io n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one or
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

ORDER CLERK

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s :

are

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s
(n ot in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) ,

17

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed
c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c .
o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l
th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t .

M ay ch eck
sh eets fo r

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a t io n
ty p in g arid a d d in g m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c o m p u te d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f th e
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .
PAYR O LL CLERK

C la s s B . W o r k is r o u tin e and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u i r e lit t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r ­
v i s o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m
erron eou s i t e m s
o r c o d e s o r m is s in g
in fo r m a t io n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s t o f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u se o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c if ic a t io n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d and id e n t i fie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s t o b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
t o m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly t h is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s
and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t ch a n g es to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e
t h e ir p a y .)
D oes n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly sts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
For

P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r c h a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f it s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis t in g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in lis t i n g s ;
and a s s is t in g in p r e p a r a t io n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n a u to m a te d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , c o m p u te s w a g e s .
W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r th e
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .
K EY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r
n u m e r ic d a ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

a re c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e ls

on th e b a s is o f

th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k .
M ay
t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .




w age

stu d y

pu rposes,

sy ste m s

a n a ly s t s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b l e m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w h o a r e a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

d i r e c t i o n to

lo w e r le v e l s y s te m s

a n a ly s t s

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y

C O M P U TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN ESS— C o n tin u e d

a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
t o b e a p p lie d .

lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to da ta w hen p r o g r a m r e ­
q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n
and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a r e a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u tin e a s s i g n ­
m e n ts and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t i o n s , and to
in s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a re p r o d u c e d b y
r e f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
in pu t da ta w h ic h a r e r e a d il y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c tio n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

C la s s C .
W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c if ic a t io n s r e q u i r e d b y
program m ers
fro m
i n f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n der c l o s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d if f ic u l t ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m in g m o r e d if f ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d
t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t io n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d f lo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s fo r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p rogram
d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b o th
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is a nd p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s
i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
proced u res.
COM PUTER O PERA TO R
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d in g to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s etu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p r o g ra m .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

are c la s s ifie d

as f o l l o w s :

For

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n tify
th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s t o b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e t w e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

w age

stu d y

pu rposes,

co m p u te r

o p era tors

a re

c l a s s i f i e d as

f o llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
co m p u te r
ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

At t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d if f ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s , A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s s u c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f




d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s

19

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
major change or cannot be corrected within a reasonably short tim e. In
common error situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This
usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using
standard correction techniques.

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing limited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)

OR

AND/OR

Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or
segments of programs with the characteristics described for class A . May
assist a higher level operator by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions and
with frequent review of operations performed.

Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
Work is closely supervised during p rogress.

Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is
expected to develop working knowledge of the computer equipment used and
ability to detect problems involved in running routine program s.
Usually has
received some form al training in computer operation. May assist higher
level operator on complex program s.
DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form , function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering deter­
minations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by lower
level drafters.
Class B.
Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foun­
dations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of
materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, str e sse s, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information.
Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given
with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.




ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability co determine mallunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e .g .,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.
Positions
definitions:

are

classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Applies advance technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by re fe r­
ence to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on elec­
tronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of
circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent
engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the inter­
relationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such
tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave fo rm s, tracing relation­
ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e .g ., dual
trace oscilloscopes, Q -m eters, deviation m eters, pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com ­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u ch as th e i n s t a l­
la tio n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m en t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and
m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in ­
t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce t o lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e t a s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch
t a s k s a s : A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g s u c h a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w ith the in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s . T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e
co m p e te n ce
(in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so th at w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n c e to h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e fo r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s t o o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n siste n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t - c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h e n n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a re in v o lv e d .
R E G I S T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U RSE S
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s 1 i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t i c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M a c h in e r y )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s ,
c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e
o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g
a nd la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l
in s t r u c t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s ,
a nd s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s
r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the
w o r k . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly




21

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y ) — C o n tin u e d

M IL L W R IG H T — C on tin u ed

a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h as d r iv e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r V e h i c l e s )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m in g
r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g
b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s .

m e c h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

cu s­

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m eet s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s
( s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fitt in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e pla n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t




M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k
th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t i m e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a t in g o n e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e Of m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , jig b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la t h e , m i llin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p la s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W ork ty p ic a lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m in g d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e tt in g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r t o o ls ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g
t a b l e s , and o th e r c o n t r o ls to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, th e
w o r k o f a m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shop s.
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e .g ., p l a s t i c , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o t h e r w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a rts and f in is h e d t o o l s
and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s t o p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in c o n n e c t io n w ith sh ip p in g
g o o d s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n t s .
In p e r f o r m in g d a y - t o - d a y , r o u tin e t a s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In h a n d lin g u n u su a l n o n r o u tin e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
a n c e f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o r d in a t e the
a c t i v it ie s o f o th e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g g o o d s t o b e s h ip p e d o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,' h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an on e e n g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a te r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s
a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n loa d t r u c k
w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
r a t e d c a p a c it y o f t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

t r u c k d r iv e r s

R e c e i v e r s t y p ic a lly a re r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts b y c o m p a r in g it e m s and
q u a n titie s u n lo a d e d a g a in st b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n if e s t s , s to r a g e
r e c e i p t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a g e d g o o d s ; in s u r in g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n t ifie d f o r r o u tin g t o d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s t a b lis h m e n t ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e i v e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :
S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

W AREH OU SEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r sta n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; re a rrs in g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fillin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t t r u c k
( s t r a ig h t t r u c k , u n d e r 1V2 t o n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m t r u c k
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , IV2 t o 4 to n s i n c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tr u ck
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r -t r a ile r




S h ip p e r s t y p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g that o r d e r s a re a c c u r a t e ly f i l l e d b y c o m p a r in g it e m s and q u a n titie s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m e n t a g a in st d o c u m e n t s ; in s u r in g that s h ip m e n ts
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , id e n t ifie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo r m a t io n , and lo a d e d in to
t r a n s p o r t in g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h ip p e d , e . g . ,
m a n if e s t s , b ills o f la d in g .

O R D E R F IL L E R
F il ls sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in ­
d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

G U A R D — C on tin u ed

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g t h e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p en d en t
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u nits to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g and s e a lin g
c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g da ta on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

f o o t o r b y m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y b e d e p u t iz e d
to m a k e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r in g
q u e s t io n s and g iv in g d ir e c t io n s .
G u a rd s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h p r o v id e p r o t e c t i v e
v i c e s on a c o n t r a c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in t h is o c c u p a t io n .
F o r w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s , g u a r d s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C la s s A . E n fo r c e s r e g u la t io n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r ity .
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s
and s e c u r it y v io la t io n s e n c o u n t e r e d .
D e t e r m in e s w h e th e r f i r s t
r e s p o n s e s h o u ld b e to in te r v e n e d i r e c t l y (a s k in g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w h e n d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t im e a llo w s ), to k e e p s itu a tio n u n d e r s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r t o r e ­
p o r t s itu a tio n s o that it ca n b e h a n d le d b y a p p r o p r ia t e a u t h o r ity .
D u tie s
r e q u ir e s p e c i a l i z e d t r a in in g in m e t h o d s and t e c h n iq u e s o f p r o t e c t in g s e c u r it y
a r e a s . C o m m o n ly , th e g u a rd is r e q u i r e d t o d e m o n s t r a t e c o n tin u in g p h y s ic a l
f it n e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

C la s s B .
C a r r ie s out in s t r u c t io n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n t e d t o w a r d
in s u r in g th at e m e r g e n c i e s
and s e c u r i t y v io la t io n s
a re r e a d ily d is c o v ­
e r e d and r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r ia t e a u t h o r ity .
I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in
s itu a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e m in im a l a c t io n t o s a fe g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u tie s r e q u ir e m in im a l t r a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , th e g u a r d is n o t r e q u ir e d
t o d e m o n s t r a t e p h y s ic a l f it n e s s .
M ay be
a r m e d , b u t g e n e r a lly is n ot
r e q u i r e d t o d e m o n s t r a te p r o f i c i e n c y in th e u s e o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l
w eap on s.

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
t r u c k , as f o llo w s :

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r
r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r th a n f o r k lif t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D u tie s in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t , m a k in g r o u n d s on




ser­

24

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u lle t in s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on th e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 . M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e r in te n d e n t o f
D o cu m e n ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 th r o u g h 1 9 7 7 , is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .

A rea

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 _______________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady^Troy, N. Y ., Sept. 197 8 1_______________
Anaheim—
Santa Ana—Garden Grove,
C alif., Oct. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1979________________________________________
Baltim ore, Md., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________________
Billings, Mont., July 19 7 8 ____________________________________
Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1978________________________________
Boston, M a ss., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1978 1_____________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1978_______________________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a ., Sept. 1978 1________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1979________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., July 1979 1_______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1978___________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________________
Corpus Christi, T ex., July 1979 1
____________________________
D allas—
Fort Worth, T ex ., Oct. 1978 1________________________
Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1979______
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ______________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1978 _____________________________
Denver—
Boulder, C olo., Dec. 1978___________________________
Detroit, M ich., M ar. 1979 1___________________________________
Fresno, C alif., June 1979____________________________________
Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1978 _________________________________
Gary—
Hammond— ast Chicago, Ind., Oct. 1979 1____________
E
Green Bay, W is., July 1979__________________________________
Greensboro— inston-Salem —
W
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1978_______________________________________________
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S .C ., June 1979 1__________________
Hartford, Conn., M ar. 1979___________________________________
Houston, T ex., A pr. 1979_____________________________________
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1979____________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1978 1 ________________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1978 ________________________________
Kansas City, M o .-K a n s., Sept. 1978_________________________
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C a lif., Oct. 1978 1 _______________
Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 197 8 ______________________________
M emphis, Tenn.— rk.—M i s s ., Nov. 1978 ____________________
A




B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

2025-63, $ 1.00
2025-58, $1 .2 0
2025-65, $1 .3 0
2050-20, $1.30
2025-50, $1 .5 0
2025-38, $1 .0 0
2025-15, 80 cents
2025-43, $1 .5 0
2025-71, $1 .3 0
2025-22, 70 cents
2025-51, $ 1 .2 0
2050-21, $ 1 .7 5
2050 -2 8, $ 2 .0 0
2025-49, $ 1.30
2025-59, $ 1.50
2050 -3 3, $ 1.75
2025-52, $ 1 .5 0
2050-10, $1 .0 0
2025-66, $ 1 .0 0
2025-48, $ 1 .0 0
2025-68, $ 1 .2 0
2050-7, $1.50
2050-25, $ 1.50
2025-45, $ 1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2050-31, $1 .5 0
2025-46,
2050-29,
2050-12,
2050-15,
2050 -3 ,
2025-57,
2050-9,
2025-67,
2025-53,
2025-61,
2025 -6 9,
2025-62,

$ 1.00
$ 1.75
$ 1.10
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1.00
$1 .5 0
$1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.30
$1 .5 0
$ 1.00
$ 1.00

A rea

Miami, F la ., Oct. 1 9 7 8 1
_______________________________________
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1979__________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.—W is., Jan. 1979_______________
Nassau—
Suffolk, N. Y., June 1978 1____________________________
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1979______________________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1979 1_______________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1979_____________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—
N .C ., May 1979 1 _____________________________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— .C ., May 1978___________ _
N
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1979 1_________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1978_____________________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 197 8 _______________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1979_____________ ,___
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1979 1__________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1978 1 _________________________________
Portland, Oreg.—W ash., May 1979 ___________________________
Poughkeepsie, N. Y ., June 1979______________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1978 1 _____
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
M a ss., June 1978_____________________________________________
Richmond, V a ., June 1979____________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1979 1 _____________________________
Sacramento, C a lif., Dec. 1978 ______________________________ _
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1978 ___________________________________
Salt Lake City-Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________
San Antonio, T e x ., May 1979__________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1978__________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Mar. 1979__________________
San Jose, C a lif., Mar. 1979___________________________________
Seattle—Everett, W ash., Dec. 1978___________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1978___________________________________
Toledo, Ohio— ich., May 1979_______________________________
M
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1978 1 ___________________________________
Utica-R om e, N .Y ., July 1978_________________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., M ar. 1979______________________
Wichita, K ans., Apr. 1979____________________________________
W orcester, M a ss., Apr. 1979________________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1979__________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

2025-60,
2050-8,
2050-1,
2025-33,
2050-5,
2050-2,
2050-30,

$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$1.30
$ 1.30
$1.30
$ 1.75

2050-22, $ 1.75
2025-21,
2050-32,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2050-26,
2025-54,
2050-11,
2025-70,
2050-27,
2050-34,
2025-42,

80 cents
$ 1.75
$ 1.00
$1.00
$1.50
$1.30
$ 1.50
$ 1.20
$ 1.75
$1.50
$1.20

2025-27, $1.40
2050-24, $1.50
2050 -13, $1.50
2025-75, $ 1.00
2025-64, $1.00
2025-72, $1.30
2050-17, $1.00
2025-73, $1.00
2050-14, $1.20
2050-19, $1.10
2025-74, $1.00
2025-44, $ 1.00
2050-16, $1.10
2025-55, $1.20
2025-34, $1.00
2050-4, $1.20
2050-18, $ 1.00
2050-23, $ 1.50
2050-6, $1.00

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region I
I

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 J F K Federal B uild in g
Government Center
Boston, M ass 02203
Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (A re a C o d e 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A re a C o d e 215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
M assachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
D istrict of C olum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabam a
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississip p i
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
P h o n e : 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
M ichigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
W yom ing

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington