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U

'

'M ik WAGE SURVEY
Poughkeepsie, New York, Metropolitan Area
June 1975
B u lletin 1 8 5 0 -7 0

DOCUMENT COLLECTION
APR 12 1976
Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Rnraan of Labor Statistics

http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
APR i
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

*78




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s re s u lts o f a June 1975 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits in the P o u g h k e e p s ie , N. Y . , S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a (D u tch ess C ounty).
Th e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a r t of the B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
The p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r in d iv id u a l
m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s f o r a ll S tandard M e tr o p o lita n
S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S tates, ex c lu d in g A la s k a and H aw a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to d e s c r ib e
the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g es in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , th ro u gh th e a n a ly s is of
(1 ) the l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g es b y o ccu p atio n , and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by
o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n that m a y be used
f o r m a n y p u rp o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and
a s s is ta n c e in d e te r m in in g plan t lo c a tio n .
S u rv e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u s e d by the U.S. D e p a r t­
m en t of L a b o r to m ake w age d e te rm in a tio n s u n der the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u rr e n tly , 79 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e
b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a , occu p atio n al ea rn in g s d ata a r e c o lle c t e d an nually.
In fo r m a tio n
on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits is o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r.
E a ch y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b een c o m p le te d , tw o s u m m a ry
b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e seco n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p re s e n ts n a tion a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a data.
The P o u g h k e e p s ie s u r v e y w as con du cted b y the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in N e w
Y o r k , N .Y . , u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f T o n y F e r r a r a , A c tin g A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m is ­
s io n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
Th e s u r v e y could not have b e en a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n
o f the m any fir m s w h o s e w age and s a la r y data p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l i n f o r ­
m a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T he B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p ­
e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1850-70

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary

March 1976

BUREAU OF LABOR S TATISTIC S, Juliuj Shiskin, Commissioner

Poughkeepsie, New York, Metropolitan Area, June 1975
CONTENTS

Pa9e

I n t r o d u c t io n ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

T a b le s :

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c l e r k s ___________________________________________________________
B -2 .
L a te s h ift pay p r o v is io n s f o r f u ll- t im e m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly hours and days o f f u ll- t im e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B -4 .
A n n u a l p aid h o lid a y s f o r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________________________
B -4 a . Id e n tific a tio n of m a jo r p aid h o lid a y s f o r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s __________________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n p ro v is io n s f o r f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________________________________
B -6.
H ealth , in s u ra n ce , and p en sion plans f o r f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.




S c o p e and m ethod o f s u r v e y ________________________________________________________________________________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing O ffic e, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent o f Documents.

T f m vo

E a r n in g s :
A - l.
W e e k ly e a rn in g s of o ffic e w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________________________________________________
A -2 .
W e e k ly e a rn in g s of p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________
A -3 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , by s e x ________________________________________
A -4 .
H o u rly e a rn in g s of m ainten ance and p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________
A - 5.
H o u rly e a rn in g s of c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________
A -6 .
A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s of m ain ten an ce, p o w e rp la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , by s e x ________
A -7 .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, a d ju s te d f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s ..

co co ^

A.

8
9
10
11
12
13
15
17
21

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ich th e U.S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u rv e y s o f occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e ob tain ed
by p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lish m en ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation , com m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tra d e ; fin a n c e, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry
groups ex c lu d e d fr o m th es e studies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the
con stru ctio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m en ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo ym en t in the occu p ation s studied. S e p a ra te tab u la tion s a re p ro v id e d
fo r each o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .
A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A -6 p ro v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly o r w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occu p ation s com m o n to a
v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and nonm anu factu rin g in d u s trie s .
O ccupation s
w e r e s e le c te d f r o m the fo llo w in g c a te g o r ie s : (a ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l , (b ) p r o ­
fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l, (c ) m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t, and (d ) c u s to d ia l
and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.
In the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a
through A - 6 a p r o v id e s im ila r data fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500
w o rk ers or m ore.
F o llo w in g the occu p a tio n a l w a g e ta b le s is ta b le A -7 w h ich
p ro v id e s p e rc e n t chan ges in a v e ra g e e a rn in g s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k ­
e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s , s k ille d




m ain ten an ce w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
T h is m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tren d s e lim in a te s ch an ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y ­
m en t shifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s . W h e r e p o s s ib le , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s , m an u factu rin g, and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g. A p p e n d ix A d is c u s s e s
th is w age tr e n d m e a s u re .

B - s e r ie s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a tio n on m in im u m e n tra n c e
s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s ; la t e - s h if t p ay p r o v is io n s and p r a c t ic e s fo r
plant w o rk e rs in m a n u fa c tu rin g; and data s e p a r a t e ly f o r plaint and o ffic e
w o r k e r s on sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and d ays o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p aid
h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , -in su ran ce, and p e n s io n p lan s.

A p p en d ixes
T h is b u lletin has tw o a p p e n d ix e s .
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s the
m ethod s amd con cep ts used in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It p r o v id e s
in fo rm a tio n on the scop e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y and in fo r m a tio n on the a r e a 's
industriail c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g .
It a ls o p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n
on la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s used by B u rea u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to c l a s s i fy w o r k e r s in
occupations f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t - t im e e a r n in g s in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d .

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1975
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workeis

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t- tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f -5

Average

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

Middle range2

Median 2

$

s

$

%

$

$

I

$

$

J

S

$

s

i

$

s—

90

95

100

105

1.10

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

95

100

105

no

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

2Qp

220

290

260

260

300

320

1
1

85
Mean 2

$

$

p

5

2
1

and
90

ALL WORKERS

$

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

CLASS B -----------

A r' r'

33

3 9 .5

24

SECRETARIES,

CLASS

SECRETARIES,

CLASS

SECRETARIES,

CLASS

STENOGRAPHERS,

GENER

$

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

155.00
155.00

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 ! -1 9 2 .0 0

192.50

137.00

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0

15<..0 0 - 2 8 3 .0 0

2 2 9 .0 0

1 9 o .0 0 -2 3 o .0 0

159.00

1 3 o .5 !,- 1 9 o .o o

1

2

-

-

5

5
4

-

-

5

10

1

5

3

3

3

8

-

K)

^*
'

2

2
2

12

10

28

CLASS C:

SECRETARIES,

105.00

2 1 9 .5 0

a

1 7 ? .0 0 - 2 6 9 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

2 1 7 .5 0

n

$

1 8 7.00
1 7 3.50

163.50
162 .0 0

ACCOUNTING,

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

$

2 1 3 .5 0

CLERKS,

39*0

2 1 9 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0
110.50

25

-

56

159

107

62

-

**

8:

22

D

169 .5 0

, „r

29

1

10

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

**

2
2

1 -7 .U 0
197.00

139.50

130.00

1 2 0 .5 li- 1 9 9 .o a

16

98

12

3 9 .0

n7

39 • 5 199 .5 0

193.00

2

90

1

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

26

*

136 “
"0

186 .5 0

i

-

-

-

5

1

A

,

3

1

1 1 5 . 5 0 - 1 8 3 . JO

4

10

1

-

*

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1975
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu pation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g stra ig h t -tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f
17b

weekly
(standard

Middle range2

s

5

$

%

Median 2

s

s

$

%

S

$

180

IB S

190

195

200

205

210

215

220

185

190

195

230

205

210

215

220

223

S
b
4
2cb
23)

4

4

4

4

S

235

240

250

260

27v

280

290

250

260

27 u

260

290

and
under
_

180

23o

235

ALL WORKERS
$
9 0 .0

$

$

2TTT
.

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

15

_

______ ^

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1975
'Average
(m ean *)

Average
(m ean *)

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Numbei
of

Weekly
hours *
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

WOMEN

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

26
18

$
3 9 .0 1 9 0 .0 0
3 9 . C 1 7 0 .0 0

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------

60

3 8 .0

110 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

AS
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

33

3 9 .5

142 .5 0

CLERKS,

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *

---------------

SECRETARIES —

-----------------------------------------------

544

4 0 .0

2 1 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES,

CLASS A , ---------------------------

24

3 8 .0

2 1 9 .5 0

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly^

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
SECRETARIES -

W eekly
(standard)

SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

CONTINUEO

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 :
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

17

3 9 .0

$
2 1 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C i
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------SECRETARIES,

22

3 9 .5

---------------------------

24

39 .0

---------------------------

139

39 .0

144 .5 0

19

4 0 .0

$
1 3 4 .5 0

T Y P IS T S ,

27

3 9 .5

1 4 4 .5 0

41

4 0 .0

2 1 7 .0 0

CLASS 8

------------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

136.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL

3 9 .0

1 6 4.50

CLASS 0

26

186 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS 8

---------------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.

E a rn in gs data in ta b le A -3 r e la te o n ly to w o rk e rs w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the e s ta b lish m en t. E arn in gs data in
tab les A - 1 and A - 2 , on the oth er hand, r e la t e to all w o rk e rs in an
occu p ation . (S ee appendix A fo r p u b lication c r it e r ia .)

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1975




of
workers

(standard)

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------

CLASS B

Average
(m e a n *)

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings3
Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

£
1 ------ 5
2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0

4
2 .8 0

4
3 .0 0

%
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

5
3 .6 0

4
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

4
S
4 .4 0 4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

4
5 .6 0

£
6 .0 0

<
K
$
6 • 40 6 .o o

$
7.2 0

5
7.6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .8 0

6 .8 o 7 .2 0

7 .6 0

d.O 0

and
under
*
G
O

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

{
2 .0 0

4 .2 0

$
2 .3 5

$

19b

$
3 .1 4

$

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------

2 .2 0 “

4 .1 8

27

74

10

5

-

6

4

-

3

9

8

4

3

10

16

4

12

-

GUAKOS --------------------------------------------------

76

4 .4 2

4 .6 8

3 .8 8 - 4 .9 3

1

3

-

-

-

1

4

-

3

8

7

4

3

10

16

4

12

-

ANO CLEANERS -----

243
67

3 .2 0
3.71

3 .3 5

2 .2 5 - 3 .6 s

53

14
1

5

8

13

18

15

23

46

2

10

19

1

5

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING ------------

130
130

4 .1 1
• 11

4 .5 4
4 . d4

3 .5 8 - 4 .6 4
3 »5 H - 4 .6 a

2

3

2

2

5

35

4

4

17

54

a
8

6
6

12
12

2

-

-

18
18

7
7

1
1

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 3

ALL WORKERS

JA N ITO R S.

PORTERS.

C

C

1'

3 .5 0

3 .2 5

TRUCKDRi v e r s ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

5 .1 0
4 .3 2

4 .7 0
4 .2 5

3 .8 0 - 5 .6 o
3 .5 0 - 5 .0 5

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------------

22

3 .9 8

4 .1 8

3 .2 5 - 4 .4 3

-

-

-

-

TRUCKERS. POWER (F O R K L IF T ) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

72
62

4 .7 4
4 .7 5

4 .9 o
4 .9 0

4 . 6 5 - 5 .0 4
4 .6 1 - 5.0=-

-

-

_

_

-

-

25

3 .5 7

3 .7 0

3 .0 8 - 4 .0 4




-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
**

1

15
125
89

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .

n

“
-

-

_

16
14

-

-

7

-

2

5
5

-

4
4

.
-

7
5

4
2

12
12

8
8

-

-

3

2

4

4

_

-

8
8

i
i

1
1

1
1

4
4

3
3

16
6

1

1

3

8

10
10

15
15

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

*

-

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1975
Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

m a in t e n a n c e

an d

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

po w e r plant

OCCUPATIONS -

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MEN
$
36

$

5*4 0

5*8 4

6*13^

6^

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

4 *7 5
3 .5 7

3.1*1
76
JAN ITO RS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS

------

215

/

7,0

3 .1 6

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

3

See footn otes at end o f tab les.

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la te o n ly to w o rk e rs w hose sex
id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d b y the esta b lish m en t.
E arn in gs data in
ta b le s A - 4 and A - 5, on the o th er hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu pation .
(S ee appendix A fo r p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .)

/

7




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts
N O T E : Data fo r ta b le A - 7 a re not a v a ila b le fo r the P o u g h k eep sie
su rvey since th is is the fi r s t y e a r a s u rv e y o f co m p a ra b le scop e w as
conducted in the a r e a . A sep a ra te r e p o r t p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on w age
le v e ls and tren d s in the P o u gh k eep sie— in gsto n — ew bu rgh a r e a .
K
N

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1975
In e x p e rie n c e d typ ists
M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

A ll
in d u s trie s

e s t a b l is h m e n t s

h a v in g

a

40

A ll
sch edu les

55

24

18

10

9

8

_
1
2
1
“

_
-

-

3
2
1
-

4
1
1

40

XXX

31

A ll
in d u stries
A ll
schedu les

37l/2

$ 8 2 .5 0 -----------------------------------AND UNDER $ 8 5 ,0 0 -----------------AND UNDER $ 8 7 .5 0 -----------------AND UNDER $ 9 0 .0 0 -----------------AND UNDER $ 9 2 .5 0 -----------------AND UNDER $ 9 5 .0 0 -----------------AND UNDER $ 9 7 .5 0 -----------------AND UNDER $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ----------------

37 7*

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

14

8

4

-

1
1
1

55

24

-

3

24

10

8

1
“

-

1
2
1
2
2
1
2
1

-

-

1
2
2
1
”
7

-

i
i
i
*

1
1
-

2

2

-

1
1
1
“

1
1
*

3
"
“
3
1

3

1

5
”
1
4
i
1

“
3
1
1

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
M IN IM U M ---------------------------------------- --------

7

4

XXX

3

XXX

XXX

19

12

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NUT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ------------------

30

10

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

12

2

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

40

XXX

3
2
1
-

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

A ll
sch edu les

40

XXX

$ 1 0 5 .0 0 -------------$ 1 1 0 .0 0 -------------$ 1 1 5 .0 0 -------------$ 1 2 0 .0 0 -------------$ 1 2 5 .0 0 -------------$ 1 3 0 .0 0 --------------

$ 1 0 0 .0 0
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$115.0-0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0

N on m an u factu rin g

B a sed on stan d ard w e e k ly hou rs 6 o f—

s p e c if ie d

MINIMUM ------------------------------------------------UNDER
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0

M an u factu rin g

B ased on standard w e e k ly hou rs 6 o f—
A ll
sch edu les

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED -------------------

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
N on m an u factu rin g

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




1
-

1
2
1
1
1
“
2
1
2

i
i
i
“
i
1

1

i
“
i
i
“
“

1

XXX

7

XXX

XXX

XXX

10

XXX

XXX

3
“

'

1
1

-




( A l l fu ll- t im e m an u factu rin g plant w o rk e rs = 100 p e rc e n t)
A ll w o r k e r s 7

W o r k e r s on la te sh ifts

Item
Second sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

Second sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS --------

8 9 .6

7 0 .2

1 4 .5

2 .6

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK -------WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK -------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL --------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ----------------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL -----------------------------------------------------

2 .0
8 7 .5
3 1 .8
5 4 .6
1 .2

2 .0
6 8 .2
1 6 .6
5 1 .6
-

.1
1 4 .4
6 .5
7 .7
.3

(8 )
2 .5
1 .7
.9

2 0 .9
9 .3

2 3 .5
1 1 .8

2 0 .7
9 .4

2 2 .9
1 2 .3

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL ------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL --------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOURS
3 AND UNDER A CENTS --------------------------------------------10 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------12 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------15 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------18 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------20 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------30 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------32 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------35 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
5 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------7 AND UNDER 8 PERCENT -----------------------------------------10 PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------12 AND UNDER 13 PERCENT -------------------------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL

-------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.

.8
7 .5
2 .7
3 .9
-

9 .3
.9
-

6 .8

7 .5
-

4 7 .1
1 .2

-

4 .9
2 .1
1 .7
1 .6

.1
2 .0
.6
-

-

-

.5
(8 )
.1
.6
(8 )

-

5 .6
.8

2 .5
(8 )
1 .2

4 .6
4 .4
4 2 .6

6 .8
-

-

-

.9
-

.3

-

.1
.8
-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

6
4
5

_

A ll in du stries

M an u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL FU LL-TIM E WORKERS -------------------35
36
37
38
40
43
44
45
46
50
50

HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------1/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------4/5
HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------HOURS-5 D A Y S -------— ---------------------- *
1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----— --------------------------1/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------HOURS-5 1/2 DAYS ----------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------

-

72
5
(9 )
3
3
1
1

b
5

24
3

-

-

78
7
3
1
-

53
1
5
11
3

100

100

4
1
13
2
81
-

1
1
98
*
-

-

“

*

4 0 .0

3 9 .4

3 9 .9

_
_

100
.
-

100
9
3
36
5
46
“
*
*
“
“
—

100
•
18
“
82
•

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES ------------------

See footn ote at end o f ta b les.




4 0 .1

4 0 .2

4 0 .0

3 8 .5

3 9 .5

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u stries

M anu factu ring

N onm anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anuf actur ing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U LL-TIM E WORKERS -------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PA ID HOLIOAYS -------------------------------------

100

100

lo o

100

100

100

100

100

(9 )

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

99

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

9 .8

10.2

8 .5

1 1 .2

1 0 .3

1 0 .7

9 .8

1 1 .6

AVERAGE NUMBER OF P A ID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIOAYS --------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY HUMBER
OF P A ID HOLIDAYS PRO VID ED 1
0
5
6
7
8
9

HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------H O L ID A Y S ---------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------------10 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------------12 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------------------

3
3
2
7
<
L
9
13
3
51

.
39
13
1
4
3
28

7
2
-

8
-

5
7
“

99
98
86
81
75
73
56
58
9
2

100
97
94
92
85
83
61
59

99
99
59
46
85
81
38
3b
18
7

2
12
5

6
3
7
10
2
44

2

i

_
19
88
37
-

_
9
3
3
3
3
8
1
bO
1
7
(9 )
3

1
1
3
1
5
5
1
81
2
-

100
100
91
88
85
82
71
70
10
3
3

100
100
99
98
95
98
85
88
2
-

-

27
6
3
7
15
15
2
16
1
8

_
_
.
12
18
70
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED1
1
5 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------8 DAYS OR M O R E ----------------------------- -------9 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------10 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------11 0 AYS OR MORE ------------------------------------12 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------13 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------13 1/2 DAYS --------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




t
i

-

100
100
100
100
lo o
100
81
81
37
-

100
100
73
67
68
57
82
82
27
9
8

100
100
100
100
100
100
88
88
70
-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m 1
0
A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N onm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in du stries

M anuf ac tu r ing

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

P ercen t o f w ork ers
A ll fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s __________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y __________
W ash in gton 's B irth d a y
L in c o ln 's B ir t h d a y __________________
Good F r id a y
M e m o r ia l D a y ________ _____
F ou rth o f J u l y ___
L a b o r Day _ __________ __________
Colum bus D ay
V e te ra n s D ay
E le c tio n D ay
Th an k sgivin g D ay .
Day a fte r T h a n k s g iv in g _________________ __
__ _
....
C h ristm a s E v e
C h ristm a s E v e , h a lfd a y
C h ristm a s D a y ___________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e ________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf d a y ___
F lo a tin g h o lid a y, 1 d a y 1
3
F lo a tin g h olid ay, 3 days 13___
_
F lo a tin g h o lid a y, 5 d a y s 13_
E m p lo y e e s ' b irth d a y
E m p lo y e e s ' a n n iv e rs a ry
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y, 1 d a y _____________________
P e r s o n a l h o lid a v, 3 days

99
23
4
40
97
96
99
12
4
11
99
27
15
7
99
6
9
8
4
35
6
1
6
3

100
20
1
47
97
95
100
9
2
10
100
32
19
9
100
8
12
11
6
43
6
3
2

99
33
11
18
97
97
99
22
12
13
99
10
5
2
99

100
100
44
56
100
100
100
100
63
82
100
37
37

100
24
8
26
99
99
100
17
8
14
99
23
13
6
100
1
4
3
2
49
3
1
1
5

100
7
1
25
100
99
100
3
1
5
100
20
13
5
100
2
5
3
3
71
3

100
60
23
29
99
99
100
47
23
34
99
29
12
10
100

100
100
18
82
100
100
100
100
30
$8
100
70
70

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




-

2
n
11
8
5
16
8

-

100
-

-

(’ )
( 9)

-

100

-

-

2
4

_
_

-

4
2
2
2
14

_
_

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturing

N onm anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

No nm anuf ac tur ing

P u b lic u tilitie s

WORKERS --------------------

100

100

100

100

100

lo o

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PA ID VACATIONS ----------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ----------------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT -----------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100
96
4

100
95
5

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

lo o
lo o
-

100
100
-

100
lo o
-

20
62
1
-

23
62

13
63
3
-

100
-

12
81
2
-

6
74
8
3

100
-

-

10
79
4
i

29
3
69

28
3
69
*

29
2
69

100
-

6
(9 )
93
1

4
_

-

96
"

9
(9 )
86
4

2 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

8
A
87
(9 )

8
5
88
-

100
-

-

10
3
86
1

1
1
96
(9 )
1

1
1
98
(9 )
-

(9 )
93
4

3 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----- -—
3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

3
96
(9 )
(9 )

4
96
-

97
1
1

100
-

1
98
(9 )
1

(9 )
99
(9 )
*

94
4

A YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

3

95
1
(9 )

4
95
2
-

97
1
1

1
98
(9 )
1

(9 )
99
(9 )
-

94
4

100
-

5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK -------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

A7
9
AA

35
11
53

84
1
13

1
36
1
62

14
2
84

2
81

100

10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

11
51
2
36

10
45
3
A3

15
70
1
13

3
46
(9 )
50

i
28
(9 )
71

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FU LL-TIM E

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTE R !1
4

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 W E E K -------------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — -----2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------1 YEAR OF SERVICE!
I WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

100
100
-

-

-

100
_

2

2

2

-

100
.
100
100
-

-

-

.

17

-

7
85

100

-

8

-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in du stries

M anuf ac tur ing

N on m an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

100
-

3
A7
(9 )
50

i
28
(9 )
71

5
87
8

100
-

11
60
1
26

100
-

1
Al
1
56

(9 )
23
2
75

3
78
19

100
“

11
Al
1
31

100
“

1
15
33
(9 )
50

(9 )
4
25
(9 )
71

3
38
51
8

100
-

1
7
32
1
59
-

(9 )
2
23
2
73
-

3
16
51
29
-

-

35
”

100
”

11
21
1
32
“
35
”

100
•

1
7
23
1
68
-

(9 )
2
_

3
16

13
2
82
-

A3
38
-

11
21
1
32
32
3

100
-

1
7
23
1
6A
1
3

(9 )
2
13
2
82
-

3
16
A3
26
A
8

A l l in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ------------------------------------------

a
50
A
36

10
A3
4
A3

1A
71
1
13

15 YEARS OF SERVICE:
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ------------------------------------------

6
A2
5
A7

5
36
7
53

20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

6
25
(9 )
29
AO

5
20

25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

6
12
(9 )
27
5
A7
2

30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------6 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

6
12
(9 )
23
5
51
2

am oun t

of

p a id

v a c a t io n

afte r

P u b lic u tilitie s

wI-

CONTINuED

MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILAB LE :
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS -----------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS -----------------------------------------6 WEEKS -----------------------------------------7 WEEKS ------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




6
12
(9 )
23
5
50
3

28
A7

5
10
25
7
51
3

5
10
20
7
57
3

5
10
20
7
57
3

16

11
21
1
32

“

-

•

-

100
.
-

100
•
100
-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in du stries

M anufacturing

N onm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW1 -----------------------------------------5

98

97

100

100

100

lo o

100

100

--------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTOHY PLANS ----------------------

91
81

9S
87

7b
61

100
63

91
75

99
86

75
53

100
30

-----------------------------------------

so
A1

A7
39

59
A6

100
63

33
19

27
1A

46
29

100
30

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH>6 ----------------------

79

82

69

100

9A

97

89

100

30
22

33
23

21
19

63
63

2A
11

20
8

32
19

30
30

A8

52

36

56

80

90

60

82

33

AA

11

3

25

18

ALL FU LL-TIM E

l if e

WORKERS --------------------

in s u r a n c e

ACCIDENTAL OEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT i n s u r a n c e
n o n c o n t r ib u t o r y

plans

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------s ic k le a v e
(F u l l p a y a n d no
W AITING PERIOD) ------------------------------s ic k le a v e
( p a r t i a l p a y dr
W AITING PERIOD) -----------------------------

11

LONG-TERM D IS A B IL IT Y
INSURANCE ---------------------------------------------n o n c o n t r ib u t o r y PLANS ----------------------

A1
AO

4V
A9

15
11

-

09
51

77
72

22
7

“
”

h o s p it a l iz a t io n
in s u r a n c e -----------------n o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------

87
7A

91
76

76
67

100
100

91
70

99
86

75
36

100
100

SURGICAL

INSURANCE ------------------------------p l a n s ----------------------

87
7A

91
76

7b
67

100
100

sil
70

99
86

75
36

100
100

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

87
7A

91
76

7A
67

100
100

91
69

99
8A

73
36

100
100

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ---------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------

83
70

89
7A

66
59

100
lo o

91
69

98
84

75
38

100
100

----------------------------------p l a n s ----------------------

<♦8
A5

S3
50

31
31

37
37

61
56

76
7A

31
19

70
70

p e n s i o n ------------------------------n o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------

81
7A

87
83

61
AS

100
100

90
o2

97
9A

73
55

100
100

n o n c o n t r ib u t o r y

d e n t a l in s u r a n c e
n o n c o n t r ib u t o r y

RETIREMENT

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




Footnotes
A l l o f th e s e stan d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not apply to th is b u lle tin .

1 Stan d ard h ou rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r an d/or p re m iu m r a t e s ), and th e e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h ou rs.
2 T h e m ean is com p u ted fo r each jo b by to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ia n
d esig n a tes p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d
by tw o r a te s o f p ay; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r of th ese rates and a fo u rth e a rn m o r e than th e h ig h e r r a te .
3 E x c lu d e s p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts.
4 T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta rtin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e p aid f o r stan d a rd
w o rk w e e k s.
5 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 Data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a ll stan dard w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t com m on standard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .
7 In clu d es a ll plant w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m en ts w h ose fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , even though the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te sh ifts .
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
9 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
1 F o r p u rp o s es o f th is study, pay fo r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , n e g o tia te d in the au tom ob ile in d u s try , is not t r e a t e d as a p aid h o lid a y .
0
1 A l l com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com b ined ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
1
a to ta l o f 9 days in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s, 8 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d ays, 7 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on.
P r o p o r tio n s then w e r e cu m u lated.
12 A C h r is tm a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e rio d is an unbroken s e r ie s o f h o lid a y s w h ich in clu des C h r is tm a s E v e , C h r is tm a s D ay, N e w Y e a r 's
E v e , and N e w Y e a r 's D ay.
Such a h o lid a y p e r io d is com m on in the a u to m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , and fa r m im p le m e n t in d u s tr ie s .
1 " F lo a t in g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o ic e .
3
1 In clu d es p aym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an
4
equ iva len t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e rc e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e ch osen a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f le c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n ; f o r e x a m p le , changes in p ro p o rtio n s at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e ch an ges b e tw e e n
5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s, the p ro p o r tio n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fte r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r
at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
1 E s tim a te s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll plans f o r w h ich at le a s t a p art o f the cost is b o rn e by th e e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
5
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o s e fin a n c ed e n t ir e ly by the e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e le g a lly r e q u ire d p lan s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u rity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t.
U n d u p licated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a ccid en t in su ra n ce shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p lans a r e
lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay that each e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t.
In fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclu d ed .




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la te d b e n e fits data are obtained by p e rs o n a l v is its o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n t­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In ea ch o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loym en t and
occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a com b in ation o f p e rs o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and teleph on e
in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s su rvey.
In ea ch o f the 82 2 a r e a s c u r r e n tly su rv e y e d , data a re obtained fr o m re p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tion , and oth er
pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try grou p s exc lu d e d fr o m th e s e stu dies a re govern m en t op eration s and the co n stru ction and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a re om itted
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occupations studied.
Separate tab u lation s a re p ro v id e d fo r
each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m eet publication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a re condu cted on a sam ple b a s is .
T h e sam pling p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tra tific a tio n o f a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the scope o f an in d ivid u al a re a su rvey by in d u stry and nu m ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e rs e a p ro b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d , w ith each esta b lish m en t
h avin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim um a ccu racy at m in im u m co s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data a re com b in ed , ea ch esta b lish m en t
is w e ig h te d a c c o rd in g to its p ro b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a re gen e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d , it is given a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p re s e n t it s e lf
plus th r e e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f the sam e o rig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e
c la s s ific a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o rig in a l sam ple m e m b e r.
I f no su itable substitute is
a v a ila b le , ad d ition a l w e ig h t is a ssig n ed to a sam p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s
O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty o f m anu factu ring and nonm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3)
m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esign ed to take account of in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in du ties w ithin th e sam e jo b . O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t itle s are fo r a ll in d u s trie s com bined.
E a rn in g s data fo r som e o f the occu p ation s lis te d and d e s c rib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s within
occu p a tion s, a re not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s , b ecau se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re of
in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m en 's ea rn in gs data a re not p r e s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by sex is 20 p ercen t o r m o re of the men o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occupation.
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r indu stry d iv is io n s a re in clu ded in a ll in d u s trie s
co m b in ed data, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re included in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data are shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th ose h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le. E a rn in g s data exclu de p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on
w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts. N onprodu ction bonuses are exclu ded, but c o s t - o f- liv in g allow a n ces
and in c e n tiv e bonu ses a re in clu d ed .
W e e k ly hours fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l
occu p ation s r e f e r to the stan d ard w o rk w e e k (rounded to the n e a re s t h alf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m ra te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e occu pation s a re rounded to the n ea rest h a lf d o lla r.
T h e s e s u rv e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu pational ea rn in gs in an a re a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l occu p a tion a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t ex p e c te d w age changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s a re a ffe c te d by changes in w ages and em p lo ym en t p a ttern s.
For
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change, o r h ig h -w a g e

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, Tex. ; Binghamton,
N . Y . - P a . ; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington-Fayette, K y . ; M elbourne-TitusvilleCocoa, F la .; Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a .—N. C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; R aleighDurham, N. C. ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70
areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




w o r k e r s m ay advance to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra tes.
Such sh ifts in
em p loym en t could d e c r e a s e an occu p ation al a v e r a g e e ven though m ost estab lish m en ts in an area
in c r e a s e w a g e s during the y e a r .
T re n d s in e a rn in g s o f occu p ation al grou p s, shown in tab le A -7 ,
a re b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a ge tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the grou ps.
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries and estab lish m en ts d iffe r
in pay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus con trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the es tim a te s fo r each job.
P ay
a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in individu al estab lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and wom en in s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s ex es w ith in in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to rs which m ay contribute
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , sin ce only the rates paid incum bents
a re c o lle c te d , and p e rfo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties w ithin the g e n e r a l su rvey job d es c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e ra liz e d than those used
in in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m en ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong estab lish m en ts in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll estab lish m en ts within the scope
of the study and not the n u m ber actu a lly su rv e y e d . B eca u se occu pation al stru ctu res among e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f o ccu p ation al em p lo ym en t obtained fr o m the sam p le o f estab lish m en ts studied
s e r v e only to in d ica te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the e a rn in g s data.
W a ge tre n d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p ation al grou p s
The
Annual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A -7 r e la te to w age ch an ges betw een the in d ica ted dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e fle c t the amount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rv e y s w as o th er than 12 m onths. Annual ra te s a re b a sed on the assum ption that w ages
a constant ra te b etw een s u rv e y s .

O ccu pations u sed to com pute w a ge tre n d s a re :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k eep in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou nting, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en
and w om en )— Continued
C om p u ter s y s te m s a n alysts, c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u stria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):
N u rs e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is te r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n ):

E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
(m en and w om en ):

C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics
M ech a n ics (a u to m o tive)
P a in te rs
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs

C om p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and c lea n ers
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

U n s k ille d plant (m e n ):

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d ivid u a l a re a s in the p ro g r a m a re com pu ted as fo llo w s :
1. Each occupation is a ssign ed a w eigh t based on its p ro p o rtio n a te em ploym en t in the se le c te d
grou p o f occu pation s in the b ase y e a r .
2. T h e s e w eig h ts a re used to com pute grou p a v e r a g e s .
E ach occu pation 's a v e ra g e (m ean )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p rod u cts a re to ta le d to obtain a group a vera ge.
3. T h e r a tio o f grou p a v e ra g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com puted by d ivid in g the a v e ra g e
f o r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e resu lts— e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen t— le s s 100
is the p e rc e n t change.

E stablish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s
Th e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n on e sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p ro v is io n s fo r fu ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
’’ P lan t w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w o rk in g fo re m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lead m en and t r a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
C a fe te r ia
w o rk e rs and rou tem en a re exclu d e d fr o m m an u factu rin g, but in clu d ed in nonm anu factu ring in d u s trie s .
" O ffic e w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r ic a l or
re la te d functions.
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a r t- tim e e m p lo y e e s a re exclu d ed .
P a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a re th ose h ir e d to w o rk a schedule c a llin g r e g u la r ly f o r fe w e r w e e k ly hours than
the esta b lis h m e n t's schedule fo r fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s in the sam e g e n e r a l typ e of w o rk .
Th e
determ in ation is b a sed on the e m p lo y e r 's d istin ctio n b etw een the tw o grou p s w h ich m ay take into
account not only d iffe r e n c e s in w o rk sch ed u les but d iffe r e n c e s in pay and b e n e fits .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s r e la te only to the e sta b lish m en ts v is ite d . (See
ta b le B - l . )
B eca u se o f the op tim u m sam p lin g tech n iqu es used and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
estab lish m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts to have fo r m a l e n tra n ce ra te s above the
s u b c le ric a l le v e l, the ta b le is m o r e re p r e s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e e s ta b lish m en ts.
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data a re lim ite d to fu ll- tim e plant w o r k e r s in m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s . (See
tab le B - 2 .) T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e sta b lish m en t p o lic y 3 fo r to ta l plant w o r k e r
em p loym en t, and (2 ) e ffe c t iv e p r a c tic e fo r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey. In esta b lish m en ts hayin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the amount applying to a m a jo r ity is used.
In
estab lish m en ts having so m e la t e - s h ift hours paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l is r e c o r d e d only i f it
applies to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h ou rs. A secon d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r m idn igh t. A
th ird (n igh t) sh ift s ta rts w o rk at o r n e a r m idnight.
T h e sch edu led w e e k ly hou rs and days o f a m a jo r ity o f the f ir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent a re tabu lated as applying to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lish m en t.
(See
ta b le B -3 .) Scheduled w e e k ly hou rs and days a re th ose w h ich a m a jo r ity o f fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
exp ected to w o rk fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e ra tes.
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth, in su ra n ce, and pension plans a re tr e a te d s ta tis tic a lly
as applying to a ll fu ll- t im e plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m ay
even tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c tic e s lis te d . (See ta b le s B -4 through B - 6 .) Sums o f in d ivid u a l ite m s in
ta b les B -2 through B -5 m ay not equ al to ta ls b eca u se of rounding.

T h e su m m ary o f va ca tio n plans is a s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u re o f v a c a tio n p ro v is io n s r a th e r than a
m e a s u re o f the p ro p o rtio n o f fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits . (S ee ta b le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s apply to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v ic e .
P a y m en ts on other than a tim e b a s is a re c o n v e r te d to a t im e p e r io d ; fo r e x a m p le , 2 p e rc e n t o f
annual e a rn in g s are c o n s id e re d eq u ivalen t to 1 w e e k ’ s p ay. O nly b a s ic p lan s a r e in clu d ed . E s tim a te s
exclu d e v a c a tio n bonuses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s, and "e x te n d e d ” o r "s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic
p lan s.
Such p ro v is io n s a re ty p ic a l in the s t e e l, alum inum , and can in d u s trie s .
H e a lth , in su ra n ce, and pension plans fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p a rt o f the co s t
inclu de th o se (1) u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p an y o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2 )
p r o v id e d through a union fund, o r (3 ) paid d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r
fr o m a fund set aside fo r th is p u rpose.
(S ee ta b le B - 6 .)
An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have
such a plan i f the m a jo r ity o f e m p lo y e e s a re c o v e r e d even though le s s them a m a jo r it y p a rtic ip a te
u nder the plan becau se e m p lo y e e s a re r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te to w a r d the co s t.
E x clu d ed are
le g a lly r e q u ir e d p lan s, such as w o rk m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce is lim it e d to that typ e o f in s u ra n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d
cash p aym en ts a re m ade d ir e c tly to the in s u re d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a ccid en t d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w hich have en acted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n ce la w s r e q u ir in g e m p lo y e r
c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plans a re in clu ded only i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) co n trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b en efits w h ich e x c e e d the re q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f
paid sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay during absen ce fr o m w o rk b eca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a ra te tab u lation s a re p re s e n te d
a c c o rd in g to (1 ) plans w h ich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r
p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e rio d .
In addition to the p re s e n ta tio n o f p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s p ro v id e d
sic k n e s s and accident in su ran ce o r paid sick le a v e , an u n du plicated to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who
r e c e iv e e ith e r or both ty p es o f b en e fits .
L o n g te r m d is a b ility in su ran ce plans p r o v id e p aym en ts to to t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ira tio n o f th e ir paid sick le a v e and/or s ic k n e s s and accid en t in s u ra n c e , o r a fte r a p re d e te r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n ts a r e m ad e until the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m ax im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r tia l p aym en ts a re a lm o s t alw ays
red u ced by s o c ia l s e c u rity , w o rk m e n 's c o m p en sa tio n , and p r iv a te p en sio n s b e n e fits p a y a b le to the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

Data on paid h o lid a ys a re lim ite d to h o lid a y s gra n te d annually on a fo r m a l b a s is , which (1)
a re p ro vid ed fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2 ) a re e s ta b lis h e d by cu stom .
(See ta b le B - 4 .)
H olid a ys
o rd in a rily gran ted a re in clu d ed even though th ey m ay fa ll on a non w orkday and the w o r k e r is not
gran ted another day off.
T h e f ir s t p a rt o f the paid h olid a ys ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m ber o f w h ole and
h a lf holidays a ctu ally gran ted . T h e secon d part com b in es w h ole and h a lf h o lid a ys to show to ta l h olid ay
t im e . T a b le B -4 a re p o rts the in c id e n c e o f the m o st com m on paid h o lid a y s.

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ran ce plans p ro te c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m sic k n e s s and in ju ry ex p e n s e s beyond
the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p lan s. T y p ic a l fe a tu re s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
plans a re (1 ) a "d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) paid by the in s u re d b e fo r e b e n e fits b egin ; (2 ) a c o in su ra n ce
fe a tu re re q u irin g the in s u re d to pay a p o rtio n (e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f c e rta in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) stated
d o lla r m axim u m b e n efits (e .g ., $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s . Dental in su ran ce u su ally c o v e r s fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . E xclu d ed
a re plans w hich c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a ccid en t d a m a ge.
R e tir e m e n t pen sion plan s p ro v id e
p aym en ts fo r the re m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's lif e .

3 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time o f the
survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability Jaws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number of days sick leave available to each
employee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




N u m ber o f estab lish m en ts
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

W o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts
W ithin scope o f study

W ith in scope
o f study *

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied
N u m ber

ALL D IV IS IO N S --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------R E TA IL TRADE
------------------------------------------------------FIN AN C E, TNSURANCF, AND REAL FSTATE
-----------SERVICES8 ---------------------------------------------------------------

_

P e rc e n t

F u ll- t im e
plant w o rk e rs

F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

151

56

9 0 ,9 1 3

100

1 9 ,9 9 7

5 ,2 8 7

2 9 ,9 1 8

5n
“

72
79

25
31

3 0 ,0 3 6
1 0 ,3 7 7

79
26

1 9 ,7 2 2
9 ,7 2 5

3 ,5 7 0
1 ,7 1 7

2 9 ,1 0 2
5 ,3 1 6

50
50
50
50
50

5
9
99
9
12

3
4
12
5
7

1 ,2 6 3
1 ,2 2 8
5 ,6 3 9
1 ,0 0 8
1 ,2 3 9

3
3
19
2
3

681
<6 >
<6 )
<7 >
<6 )

282
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
(6)

1,191
598
2 ,2 5 5
6d9
638

1 T h e P o u g h k e e p s ie S tandard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget through F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f D utchess County. Th e "w o r k e r s w ith in scope
o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly accu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e inclu ded in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r
c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re em p loym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin c e (1 ) planning o f w a ge s u rv e y s re q u ir e s esta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll
p e r io d stu died, and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w a s used to c la s s ify esta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f com p a n ies in in d u s trie s such as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and
m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t-tim e , and o th er w o rk e rs exclu d ed fr o m the s e p a ra te plant and o ffic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s tab les.
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed .
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s . S ep a ra te p resen ta tio n o f data is
not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p loym en t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le w a s not d esig n ed in it ia lly to p e r m it sep arate
p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n tir e d iv is io n a re r e p re s e n te d in estim a tes f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l e s ta te p o rtio n o n ly in es tim a te s fo r " a ll
in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p resen ta tio n o f data is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iza tio n s (ex clu d in g re lig io u s
and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e

In d u s tria l co m p o s itio n in m anufacturing
A lm o s t th r e e -fo u r th s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scop e o f the s u rv e y in the P ou gh k eep sie
artea w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g fir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p resen ts the m a jo r in d u stry
gro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m anu factu ring:
In d u s try gro u p s

S p e c ific in d u stries

M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r ic a l ___ 42
E le c t r ic a l eq u ip m en t and
s u p p lie s __________________________ 34
P r in tin g and p u b lish in g __________
8

E le c tr o n ic com ponents and
a c c e s s o r ie s _____________________ 33
O ffic e and com puting
m a ch in es_________________________24
B o o k s _____________________
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is based on e s tim a te s o f to ta l em p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e rs e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d if f e r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a sed on the re s u lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in the appendix tab le.




T h e fo llo w in g tab u lation shows the p e rc e n t o f fu ll- t im e plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs
em p lo y e d in esta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich a union c o n tra c t o r co n tra c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r ity o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c tiv e c a te g o r ie s , P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1975:
P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s tr ie s ___ __________________
M an u fa ctu rin g_________________
N on m an u factu rin g_____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s _____________

O ffic e w o rk e rs

34
36
28
81

12
10
18
88

A n es ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e re d to have a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs
i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o th er plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in esta b lis h m e n ts that e ith e r do not have
la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra c ts in e ffe c t , o r h ave co n tra c ts that ap p ly to fe w e r than h a lf of
th e ir plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p re s e n ta tiv e o f the extent
to w hich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g em en t
a g re e m e n ts , becau se s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed and the in d u s tria l scop e o f the su rvey
is lim ite d .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y purpose of p re p a rin g jo b d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w a ge s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
o ccu p ation s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y ed under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll tit le s and d iffe re n t w ork a rra n g em en ts fr o m e sta b lish m en t to e sta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a rea.
T h is p e rm its the grouping o f o ccu p ation al w a ge ra tes re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f th is em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a co m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p ation al content, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d iv id u a l esta b lish m en ts o r th ose p re p a re d f o r o th er p u rp o ses.
In applying th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u rea u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in stru cted
to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e rv is o rs ; ap p ren tices; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; t r a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic
ty p e w r ite r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg es or p e r fo r m oth er c le r ic a l w ork
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m ach in e, a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f
m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as postin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a ccu racy
of accounting docum ents; a ssign in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d istrib u tio n co d es; exam ining and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r ic a l a ccu ra cy v a rio u s ty p es o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g , etc .; o r p re p a rin g sim p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e ith e r a manual o r autom ated
accounting s y stem .

B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (com b in ation typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' purchase o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s application o f p re d e te rm in e d discounts and
shipping c h a rg e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x ten sio n s, w hich m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g
m a ch in e, and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly accum ulated by m ach in e. The o p era tio n usually in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb on c o p ie s o f the b i l l bein g p re p a re d and is often done on a fan fold m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m ach in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (w ith o r without a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le op era tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try o f fig u re s on c u s to m e rs ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m achine
a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a n u m ber of v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . Does not in v o lv e a know ledge of book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan d ard ty p es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s.

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p ra c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s which
r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro c e s s in g and r e c o rd in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in form a tion .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith the b ookkeepin g and accounting te r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssig n ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow led ge o f the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
o f bookkeepin g and accounting.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A. U n der g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l op eration s which re q u ire
the ap p lication of e x p e rie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g com p lic a te d o r
n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie t y of p r e s c r ib e d accounting
codes and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p re v io u s accounting actions to d eterm in e
so u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le rk s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a b ook k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r without a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d of
b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
C ia s s _ A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s req u irin g a kn ow ledge of and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic b ookkeepin g
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f the p a rtic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b alan ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o rd s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o re phases o r section s o f a set o f r e c o r d s usually
re q u irin g little k n o w led g e o f b a s ic b o ok k eep in g. P h a ses o r section s include accounts p a ya b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ' accounts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c rib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), cost
d is trib u tio n , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tro l, e tc . M a y check or a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accounting d epartm en t.

R e v is e d occu p a tio n a l d e s c rip tio n s fo r sw itch b oard o p era to r; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e ­
c e p tio n is t; m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m ; and to o l and die m a k e r are b ein g in trod u ced th is y e a r .
T h e y a re the re s u lt o f the B u re a u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly re v ie w in g a rea w a ge s u rv e y occu p ation al
d e s c rip tio n s in o r d e r to take in to account te c h n o lo g ic a l d evelop m en ts and to c la r if y d e s c rip tio n s so
that th ey a re m o r e r e a d ily u n d erstood and u n ifo rm ly in te rp re te d .
E ven though the r e v is e d
d e s c rip tio n s r e f le c t b a s ic a lly the sam e occupations as p r e v io u s ly defin ed, som e re p o rtin g changes
m a y oc c u r b eca u se o f the r e v is io n s .
T h e n ew s in g le l e v e l d e s c r ip tio n fo r sw itch b oard o p e ra to r is not the e q u iva len t o f the two
le v e ls p r e v io u s ly d efin ed .




C la s s B . U n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and stan d ard ized p ro c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tine accounting c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s , such as posting to le d g e r s , c a rd s , or
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n of ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin gs a re c le a r ly in d icated ; checking
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r accounting docum ents; and coding
docum ents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting cod es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g system .
M ay p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f ile s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and
docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f ile th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

L is t e d b e lo w a re
s te r e o ty p e s in the t itle s :

in d ex es file m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o rts , tech n ica l
filin g s y s te m containing a n u m ber of v a r ie d subject m a tte r file s .
k eep re c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p es in conjunction w ith the file s .
M ay
file c le r k s .

r e v is e d

occu p ation al

t it le s

in trod u ced

this

year

to

e lim in a te

R e v is e d title

F o r m e r title

D r a fte r
D r a ft e r - t r a c e r
B o ile r ten d er

D raftsm an
D ra fts m a n -t r a c e r
F ir e m a n , station ary b o ile r

sex

SEC R E T A R Y — C ontinue d
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in dex and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aids. As req u ested , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m
re la te d c le r ic a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la ss C . P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w hich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e ric a l). As re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER

•Exclusions
N ot a ll p o sition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
p o s itio n s w hich are exclu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m eet the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y co n cep t d e s c r ib e d ab ove;

b.

S ten ograp h ers

c.
S ten ogra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p erson s;

not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e d u ties;
s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is ta n ts

to

a gro u p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

d. S e c r e ta r y p o sitio n s in w hich the d u ties a re e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e com p lex and res p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
Duties in v o lv e any com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m aking out an o r d e r
sheet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e dep artm en ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it dep artm en t
to d eterm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r, a ckn ow ledge re c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o rd e r s to see that th ey have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o rig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA Y R O LL
Com putes w a g e s o f com pan y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
Duties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s based on tim e o r p rodu ction r e c o r d s ; and postin g
c a lcu la ted data on p a y r o ll s h eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w d rk in g d a ys, tim e ,
ra te , deductions fo r in su ra n ce, and to ta l w a g e s due. M ay m ake out p aych eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a c a lcu la tin g m ach in e.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p era tes a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
ca rd s o r on tape.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls

a lph abetic and/or n u m e ric data on tabulating

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o rk re q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r coding ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rce docu m ents. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk . M ay tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tine and r e p e titiv e .
U n der c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s s ta n d a rd ized s o u rce docum ents w h ich h ave been cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
cod in g, or in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o rd e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
item s o r codes o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M E SSE N G E R

E x a m p le s o f

or

ro u tin e o r sub­

e.
A ssista n t type p ositio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e rv is o ry , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du ties w h ich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith re g a r d to m a jo r com pany
a c t iv it ie s .
T h e title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is
r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o sitio n s. V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r s o n a lly
on in d iv id u a l
ca s e s o r tra n sa ctio n s (e .g ., ap p rove o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a ctio n s; a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l
tru s t accou n ts; d ir e c tly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o ses o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r l e v e l , o f a m a jo r segm en t
o r su b s id ia ry of a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e rs o n s ; or

in a ll,

2. S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that em p lo ys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction al a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u s tria l r e la tio n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tine du ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk . E xclu d e
p ositio n s that re q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4. S e c r e ta r y to the head of an in d iv id u a l p lan t,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m a n agem en t s u p e rv is o r of am o rg a n iza tio n a l s eg m en t often in v o lv in g as marny as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o rk s fa ir ly in depen den tly
re c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, usually in clu d in g m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s telep h o n e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g m a il, a n sw ers rou tine in q u ire s ,
and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m ak es appointm ents as in stru cted ;

d.
v is o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

s u p e r v is o r 's f ile s ;

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and re p o r ts p r e p a r e d by o th ers fo r the s u p e r­
sign atu re to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a cc u ra c y ;
f.

P e r fo r m s

s ten o g ra p h ic and typ in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l task s o f c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
Th e w o rk ty p ic a lly re q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e and u nderstanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .




fa c t o r y ,

e tc .

(o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a m a g eria l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ility is not equivadent to
one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ations in the d e fin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t severad dozen e m p lo y e e s amd is u su ally d iv id e d into o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts
w h ich a re often , in tu rn , fu rth e r subdivided. In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e range of
o r g a n iz a tio n a l ech elon s; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o ; 0£
2.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an individuad p lan t,
o ffic ia d ) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o r

s u p e rv is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

orgam izationad

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

tham

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r assistan t, s k ille d techniciam o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
Marny com pam ies a s s ig n s te n o g ra p h e rs ,
ra th e r than s e c r e ta r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab ove, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

P r im a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the d icta tio n . M a y a lso
typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y.
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a sten ogra p h ic pool.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n s c rib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , s ee T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e r a l).

O p era tes one o r a v a r ie t y o f m ach in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r, c o lla to r , in te r p r e te r ,
s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc. E xclu d ed fr o m th is d e fin itio n a re w o rk in g s u p e rv is o rs . A ls o excluded
a re o p e ra to rs o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , even though th e y m ay a lso o p era te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that of a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a ger o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin itio n .

C la s s A. P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabu lating assign m en ts including devisin g d ifficu lt
c o n tr o l p an el w ir in g under g e n e r a l su p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f long and
c o m p le x re p o r ts w hich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the nature and
sequ en cin g o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es. Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m achine o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p era tin g sequ en ces o f long and c o m p le x re p o r ts .
D oes not include p o sition s in which w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e rtio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s.

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e voc a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l tasks.

M ay m aintain

f ile s ,

k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r
D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d tech n ics^ o r s p e c ia liz e d vo c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific re s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up and m aintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc.

or

OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a te r independence and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u ire s a high d e g r e e o f sten o g ra p h ic
sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g k n ow ledge o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and of
the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e ra tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p ro c e d u re s , file s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U ses th is
k n o w led ge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g ra p h ic du ties and res p o n s ib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m a in tain in g follow u p
f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com p osin g sim p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; rea d in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g routine q u estio n s, e tc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a telep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r con sole used w ith a p riv a te bran ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tgoin g, and in tr a - s y s te m c a lls .
M ay p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d of c a lls p la ced and t o ll ch a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p era tin g a
telep h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m routine c le r ic a l w o rk (typing o r rou tine
c le r i c a l w o rk m a y occu py the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the s w itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e ra to rs in estab lish m en ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a re e x clu d ed . F o r an o p e r a to r w ho a lso acts as a re c e p tio n is t, see S w itch b oa rd O p e r a to r R e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s itio n te lep h o n e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e ra to r— see S w itch ­
b o a rd O p e ra to r— and as a re c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's w o rk in v o lv e s such du ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te rm in in g n atu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to
a p p ro p ria te p e rs o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n , o r con tactin g that p erson by telep h on e and a rra n g in g an
appointm ent; k eep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is of the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a cco rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in stru ction s.
A ss ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e co m p le te but rou tin e and re c u r r in g re p o r ts o r p arts o f la r g e r and m o re
c o m p le x re p o r ts .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting m ach in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es used by c la s s C o p e ra to rs .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M ay tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a sic m achine operation s.
C la s s C . U n der s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc.
A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d ivid u a l so rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r re p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s , and do som e filin g w ork .
T R A N S C R IB IN G r M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v o lv in g a n o rm a l rou tine vo c a b u la ry fro m tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a lso typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y and do sim p le c le r ic a l w ork. W o rk e rs
tra n s c r ib in g d ictation in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as le g a l b r ie fs or
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r who takes dictation in shorthand o r by
Sten otype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s ten o g ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r it e r to ‘m ake c o p ie s of v a rio u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r calcu lation s
have been m ade by another p ers o n .
M ay in clu d e typ in g of s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te ria ls fo r
use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as keeping
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g , sy lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a te r ia l; o r planning layout and
typ in g of c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and b a la n ce in spacing. M ay type routine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts;
o r rou tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , insu ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc; o r settin g up sim p le standard tabu lations; o r
cop yin g m o re c o m p lex ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PUTER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tr o l co n so le o f a d ig ita l com p u ter to p r o c e s s data c c c o rd in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk includes m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Stu dies in s tru c tio n s to d e te rm in e equ ip m en t setup and o p era tio n s; loads equipm ent w ith re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent in to c ir c u it, and sta rts and
o p e ra te s c o m p u ter; m a k es a dju stm en ts to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade d u rin g op era tio n and d eterm in es cause o r r e fe r s p ro b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p eratin g r e c o r d s .
M ay test and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
program .

C la s s B . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a com p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m ost o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s : M o st o f the p r o g r a m s a re e sta b lish ed production
runs, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly re c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is lit t le o r no testin g of new p ro g ra m s
r e q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p ro g r a m s a re p ro v id e d in c a se o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r s itu a tio n s, d ia g n o ses cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e
action .
T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p ro g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard
c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u es.
OR

F o r w age

study p u rp o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e ra to rs

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in d ep en d en tly , o r under only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N ew p ro g ra m s a re fre q u e n tly te s te d and
in trod u ced ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ire m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p ro g ra m s
a re o f c o m p le x d esig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r so u rce often re q u ire s a w o rk in g k n o w led ge o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay give d ir e c tio n and gu idance to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p era tes under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a co m p u ter running p ro g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is tic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A. M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r by independently
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a ssign ed , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ction s
and w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p ro g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is ex p ected to d e velo p w orkin g
k n ow led ge of the co m p u ter equipm ent used and a b ility to d etect p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u sin ess p ro b le m s , ty p ic a lly p re p a re d b y a s y s te m s an alyst, into a
sequence o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g
equipm ent. W o rk in g fr o m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d into the co m p u ter s y s te m in co d ed lan gu age, cau se the m an ipu lation o f data to a c h ieve
d e s ir e d re s u lts .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th em a tics, lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te rs , and p a rtic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze ch arts
and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d ev e lo p s sequ en ce o f p ro g r a m step s; w r ite s d e ta ile d
flo w ch arts t o show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p ro c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e c h a rts to cod ed in stru ctio n s
fo r m achine to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p ro g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in stru ctio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
during p rodu ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d evelo p m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e rfo rm in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s an alysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific and/or
e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w hich
re q u ire com p eten ce in a ll p hases o f p ro g ra m m in g con cep ts and p r a c tic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and ch a rts w h ich id e n tify the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a cc o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a rio u s steps o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll ran ge
o f p ro g ra m m in g action s n eed ed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e th e co m p u ter s y s te m in , a ch ievin g d e s ir e d
end p rodu cts.
At th is l e v e l, p ro g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equ ipm ent m u st be o rg a n iz e d to
p rodu ce s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te rn a l p ro c e s s in g action s m ust o ccu r. T h is r e q u ir e s such action s as
d evelop m en t o f com m on o p era tio n s w h ich can be reu sed , esta b lish m en t o f lin k a ge points b etw een
o p era tio n s, adju stm ents to data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u ter s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and
substantial m anipu lation and reseq u en cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p ro v id e

fu n ction a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p ro gra m m ers

who a re

sy stem s

a n a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll ph ases o f system a n a lysis.
P ro b le m s a r e c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e so u rc e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e req u irem en ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p rod u ction sch ed u lin g,
in v e n to ry c o n tro l, cost a n a ly s is , and s a les a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich e v e r y ite m o f ea ch typ e is
a u to m a tica lly p ro c e s s e d throu gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p action s a r e in itia te d
b y the c o m p u te r.) C o n fe rs w ith p erso n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M akes recom m en d a tion s, i f n eed ed , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes
and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M a y p ro v id e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts who a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W ork s independently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n co m p lica ted to an a lyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity becau se
s o u rc e s o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a r e c lo s e ly re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le , d evelo p s
s y s te m s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m a in ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v e n to ry accounts in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p erson s c o n cern ed to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a tte r p e rso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p ro c e s s in g s y s te m s to be applied.
OR
W o rk s jon a segm en t of a c o m p lex data p ro c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s independently on routine assign m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and guidance on co m p le x
a ssig n m en ts. W o rk is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r alignm ent w ith the o v e r a ll system .
C la s s C . W ork s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ses as a s s ig n e d , usually
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A ssig n m en ts a re d es ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f p ro c e d u re s and s k ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l system s analyst b y p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d evelop ed by the h ig h e r le v e l a n alyst.

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on sim p le segm en ts o f co m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) usually p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
produ ce data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis tin g s a re p rod u ced b y
re fin in g , adapting, a rr a y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to o r d eletio n s fr o m input data w hich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r
action s so that the a c c u ra c y and sequ en cin g o f data can b e te s te d by using a few rou tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p ro g r a m d ea ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g typ e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p ro g ra m s (a s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s sig n ed , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s under f a ir ly c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c tic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p ro g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and co n cep ts u su ally le a rn e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s .
A ss ig n m e n ts a re d esign ed to d e v e lo p c o m p eten ce in the a p p lica tion of
standard p ro c e d u re s to rou tin e p ro b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e su p e rv is io n on n ew a sp ects o f assign m en ts;
and w o rk is re v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r s o lv in g th e m by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u ter p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s con dition s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a ch ieve s a tis fa c to r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docum ents to be used;
ou tlin es actions to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and co m p u ters in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m anagem ent and f o r p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a rts );
co o rd in a tes the d evelo p m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v is e d sy s te m s ;
and reco m m en d s equ ipm ent changes to obtain m o re e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s analysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
D oes not inclu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r
e n g in eerin g p ro b le m s .




F o r w age study p u rp o ses,

D RAFTER
C la s s A . P lan s the gra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h avin g d is tin c tiv e design fe a tu re s
that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e sta b lish ed d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e support w ith the design
o r ig in a to r , and m ay re c o m m e n d m in o r d esign ch an ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , function, and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e rv is o ry a ss is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk is r e v ie w e d by design o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r en g in eerin g d eterm in a tio n s. M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d ra fte rs .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ss ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e th e a p p lication
o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd ized draw in g tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly used. D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d raw in gs o f su b a ssem b lies w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p es, m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l rela tio n sh ip s b etw een com pon en ts; p r e p a r e s a rc h ite c tu r a l d ra w in g s f o r co n s tru c tio n o f a
b u ild in g inclu ding d e ta il d raw in gs of fou n dation s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U s e s accep ted
fo rm u la s and manuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y com p u tation s to d e te rm in e q u a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be
used, lo a d c a p a c itie s , stren gth s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tru c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and
a d vice fr o m s u p e rv is o r.
C o m p leted w o rk is c h eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequ acy.
C la s s _ C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d raw in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n stru ctio n ,
m an u factu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp oses.
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s
(d ep ictin g th r e e d im en sion s in a ccu rate s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com ponents
and c o n vey needed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n so lid a tes d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f s o u rc e s and adju sts o r
tra n s p o s e s sca le as re q u ire d .
Su ggested m eth od s o f a p p roa ch , a p p lic a b le p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a te r ia ls a re given w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s a re le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts
re c u r .
W o r k m ay be sp o t-ch eck ed during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p re p a re d by oth e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g clo th o r p a p er o v e r d ra w in gs
and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g of
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not req u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
during p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e rv is e d

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and r e la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g, re p a irin g , o verh au lin g, tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c tic a l a pplication o f tech n ica l k n ow led ge o f e le c tr o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in re q u ire d o p era tin g con dition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e c o m p lex p ro b lem s (i.e ., those
that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals or s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y with the in te r r e la tio n ­
ships of c ir c u its ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equ ipm ent— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe re n t kinds o f c irc u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c tr o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t (e .g ., r a d a r , ra d io , t e le v is io n , telep h o n e, son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te rs , and ( c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and c o n tro llin g equ ipm en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician , and
w o rk is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith a ccep ted p r a c tic e s and w o rk assign m en ts. M ay p ro vid e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a irm e n of such standard e le c tr o n ic equipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m a ch in es and h ou seh old ra d io and t e le v is io n s ets; production a s s e m b le rs and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose
p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n ician s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l en g in eers.

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r routine tasks in w orkin g
on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v ir tu a lly all p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r le v e l tech n icia n s by p e rfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g com pon en ts, w ir in g c ir c u its , and takin g te s t rea d in g s; re p a ir in g sim p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sign a l g e n e ra to rs , tube te s te r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c irc u its . T h is kn ow ledge,
h o w e v e r , m ay be a c q u ire d throu gh assign m en ts d esign ed to in c r e a s e com p eten ce (inclu ding c la s s r o o m
tra in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h er l e v e l tech n ician .

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s A .
A p p lie s advan ced te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to s o lv e unusually co m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . ,
th ose that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa ctu rers' m anuals o r s im ila r
d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
E xa m p les o f such p ro b lem s inclu de lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m alfu n ction s, and freq u en t e n g in e e rin g
ch an ges.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d understanding of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such task s as m akin g c ir c u it an a lyses, ca lcu la tin g w a ve fo r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p lex te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o r k m a y be r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an en g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l te ch n icia n s.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r or h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician . W ork
is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is giv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r advanced assign m en ts a re in vo lved .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju red
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b eco m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a ccid en t on the p re m is e s of a fa c to r y or
o th er e s ta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fir s t aid to the i l l or
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g re c o r d s o f patients trea ted ;
p re p a rin g accid en t re p o rts fo r com pen sation o r oth er p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exam in ation s and
h ealth eva lu a tio n s o f a pplican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health
edu cation , accid en t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n viro n m en t, o r o th er a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty of a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e rv is o rs o r head n u rses in esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu ded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y ed w ith h eat, p o w e r,
o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p era tes a m ech a n ica l sto k er, g a s, o r o il b u rn e r; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific or
g e n e r a l du ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; deem ing
w o rk in g a re a , m a ch in e, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jou rn eym a n by holding m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jou rn eym a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p erm itted
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In so m e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to supplying, liftin g ,
and h oldin g m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a re a s ; and in oth e rs he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o rk e rs on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir bu ildin g
w o o d w o rk and equ ip m en t such as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n ters, b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o rs , f lo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w ood in an esta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y of
c a r p e n te r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and standard m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking standard
shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten a n ce c a rp e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usu ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m ain ten an ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d istrib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n of e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itc h b o a rd s , c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eating units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s, la y o u ts, o r
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y stem o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g
sta n d a rd com pu tation s r e la tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's han dtools and m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the op eration o f sta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the esta b lish m en t in w h ich em p lo yed w ith p o w e r, heat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m aintaining equ ipm ent such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in es, ven tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t,
stea m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m ps; m akin g equipm ent re p a ir s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d o f op era tio n
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l consu m ption.
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th ese o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exclu ded.




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p era tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m ach in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a ch in e, en gin e lath e, m illin g m a ch in e) to m ach in e m e ta l fo r use in m aking o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cu tting to o ls , ga u ges, o r m e ta l dies o r m old s used in shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n on m eta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Planning and p e rfo rm in g
d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p era tio n s w hich re q u ire c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g re e o f accu ra cy; setting
up m ach in e to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust gu id es, stop s, w ork in g ta b le s , and other
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m ach in ed ; d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , speeds, to o lin g , and
op era tio n sequ ence o r s e le c t th o se p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu ep rin ts, o r la y o u ts); using a v a r ie ty of
p re c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents du ring m ach in in g op eration to a ch ieve
re q u is ite d im en sio n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s . M a y be re q u ire d to s e le c t p ro p e r coolan ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to re c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d re s s in g , and to d re s s to o ls . In g e n e ra l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m , at th e s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ire s
e x te n s iv e k n ow led ge o f m a ch in e-sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through con s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include m a c h in e -to o l
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in to o l-a n d -d ie jo b b in g shops.

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l parts o f m ech a n ica l
equ ipm en t o p e ra te d in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : in te rp re tin g w ritten
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; using
v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t’ s handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p era tin g stan d ard m ach in e to o ls ; shaping of m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan dard shop com pu tations r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and speeds o f m ach in in g; k n o w led ge of the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
standard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m ech a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o rm a lly r e q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in
m a ch in e-sh o p p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o ra te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f s u rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lica tio n s;
p re p a rin g s u rfa ce fo r painting by re m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and oth er
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in ten an ce
p a in te r re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g au to m o tive equ ipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s , ga u ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
stock; grin d in g and adju sting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and a lign in g w h e e ls , adju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b o lts . In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otive m ech a n ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usu ally
a cq u ired throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu d e m ech a n ics who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m ech a n ica l equ ipm ent o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d ism an tlin g
o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f han dtools in
scra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtain ed fr o m stock; o rd e rin g
the produ ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the prod u ction o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adju stm ents fo r
op eration . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce m ech an ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
usu ally acq u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m ach in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a ch in es o r h ea vy equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy
equipm ent when changes in the plant layou t a re re q u ire d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan dard shop com pu tations r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tren gth o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v ity ; a lign in g and b alan cin g of, equipm ent; s e le c tin g stan d ard to o ls , equ ipm en t, and
p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equ ipm ent such as
d r iv e s and speed re d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o rm a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r re p a ir s w a te r , steam , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f
pip e fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g pip e w ith stock s and
d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riven o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith cou p lin gs and
fa sten in g pip e to h an gers; m aking standard shop co m p u ta tion s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e of
pipe r e q u ire d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d e te r m in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m aintenance p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ired through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in s ta llin g and re p a irin g building san itation o r h eatin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equ ipm en t and fix tu r e s (such
as m ach in e gu ards, g re a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, ducts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an esta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f sh eetm e ta l m aintenance w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f h an dtools in cu ttin g, bending,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a ssem b lin g; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ire d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m aintenance s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usually
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and re p a ir s jig s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , ga u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s used in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n -m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Planning and la y in g out w o rk a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth er
w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u nderstanding the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te task ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y
shop com putation; setting up and o p era tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ip m en t; using v a rio u s
to o l and die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l p arts and fin ish ed t o o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p arts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, to o l and die m a k e r 's w o rk
re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c ro s s -in d u s try w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not in clu d e t o o l and die
m a k e rs who (1) a re em p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u ce fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e rs ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G UARD AND W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using arm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gatem en who a re station ed at gate and ch eck on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e rso n s e n te r in g .

A w o r k e r em p lo y e d in a w a reh o u se, m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , or o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t w hose
duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e
on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m erch an d ise in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by
handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re m e n , w h o lo a d and unload ships a re e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and ille g a l e n try .

M a k es rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty again st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con dition fa c to r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , apartm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er e s ta b lish m en t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m opping o r scru b b in g, and p o lish in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th er
re fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
su pplies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w ers, and re s tr o o m s , W o rk e rs
who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a r e e x c lu d e d .




ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g ood s fr o m s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a cc o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a les s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d icatin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
ad d ition al stock o r re p o rt sh ort supplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d du ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rodu cts fo r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em in shipping c o n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific op eration s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be
packed, the type o f con ta in er em p lo y e d , and m eth od o f shipm ent. W o rk re q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s
in shipping con tain ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w led g e o f v a r io u s ite m s of

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n o f ap p ro p ria te typ e and s ize o f c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u re s in co n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a te r ia l to p re v e n t b reak age o r d a m a ge; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and a pplyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tify in g data on con tain er. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake
w ooden b oxes o r c r a te s a re ex clu d ed .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a re a to tra n s p o rt m a te r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equipm ent,
o r m en b etw een v a rio u s ty p e s o f esta b lis h m e n ts such as: M anufacturing pla n ts, fr e ig h t depots,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il esta b lish m en ts and c u s to m e rs '
hou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r without h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tru ck in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and o v e r - t h e - r o a d
d r iv e r s a re ex clu d ed .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (com b in ation o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under IV2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and inclu ding 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, o th er than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is resp on sib le fo r in co m in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A know ledge of shipping p r o c e d u re s ,
p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra tes; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods
sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f la d in g , postin g w eig h t and shipping c h a rg e s , and k eep in g a f i l e o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s of shipm ents against b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and re je c tin g d am aged goods; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o rd s and file s .

F o r w a g e study p u rp o ses, tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and type o f equipm ent,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

TR U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c to r to tra n sp o rt
and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a reh o u se, m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, w o r k e r s

a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e of tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lif t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a reh o u sin g duties w hich re q u ir e an understanding o f
the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s to ra g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e rc h a n d is e ) a gain st re c e iv in g docu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c re p a n c ie s and obvious dam ages;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , sta ck in g, o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a cco rd a n ce w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; r e a rra n g in g and takin g in v e n to ry of s to re d m a te r ia ls ;
exam in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and d am age; re m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m sto ra g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M a y op e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g w areh ou sin g duties.
E xclu de w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w ork (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , or o p era tin g p o w er tru ck s (see
t r u c k e r , p o w e r).

Available On Request—
Th e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta, Ga.—S.C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A rth u r— r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i—G u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n sw ick , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N. Y.
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s, Iow a
C ham paign—Urbana—
Rantoul, 111.
C h a rle s to n , S.C.
C h a rlo tte —G aston ia, N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , Tenn.—K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin gs, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olu m bu s, Ga.— la .
A
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D eca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C ru c e s , N. M ex.
E ugene—S p rin g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a ss.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e r stown , M d.—C h a m b ersb u rg , P a .—
H
M a rtin s b u rg , W. V a .
G adsden and A n n isto n , A la .
G o ld s b o ro , N .C .
G rand Isla n d — a stin gs, N e b r.
H
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
Guam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —Lebanon, P a .
Huntington— sh la n d , W. Va.—K y .— hio
A
O
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L a C r o s s e , W is.
La red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L aw ton , O kla.
L im a , O hio
L it t le R o c k — orth L it t le R o c k , A r k .
N

C op ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e o r w ill be a v a ila b le at no c o s t

w h ile

su pplies la s t

fr o m

Logan sport—P e ru , Ind.
L o ra in —E ly r ia , Ohio
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, Md.—Va.—D e l.
Lynchbu rg, Va.
M acon, Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a n sfield , Ohio
M arq u ette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M c A lle n —Phari^-E dinburg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B en ito, T e x .
M ed fo rd — lam ath F a lls —G rants P a s s , O re g .
K
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , Monm outh, and Ocean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m ery , A la .
N a s h v ille —D avidson , Tenn.
New B ern—J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ich , Conn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State of
O rlan do, F la .
Oxnard—Sim i V a lle y —V en tu ra, C a lif.,
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r sburg— a rie tta , W. Va.—Ohio
M
P e o r ia , 111.
P h oen ix, A r iz .
Pine B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a te llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
Portsm ou th , N .H .—M aine—M ass.
P u eblo, C o lo .
P u erto R ico
Reno, N ev.
R ichland— en n ew ick —W alla W alla—
K
Pen dleton , W ash.—O reg .
R iv e r side—
San B ern a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.
O
Salina, K ans.
Salinas—S easid e—M o n te re y , C a lif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, A la .
Sherm an—D enison, T e x .
S h revep o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
S p rin g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g fie ld -C h ic o p e e —H olyok e, M a s s .—
Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa^St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
Top ek a, K ans.
Tu cson , A r i z .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —
F
Napa, C a lif.
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a terlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D el.—N.J.—Md.

A n annual re p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n tan ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rch 1974, $1.40 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s o r b u lletin su pplem ents is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a ge stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d stu dies condu cted at the req u est of the E m p loym en t
S tan dards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on requ est.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch ased fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s sh o w n 'o n the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin supplem ents m ay be
ob tain ed w ithout c o s t, w h e re in d ic a te d , f r o m B LS re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r ic e *

A k ro n , O h io, D ec. 1974_____________ ____ ___ __ _______________ ___ ___ __ __________ ___ ____ Suppl.
F ree
A lb an y— ch en ecta d y— r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1 _____________ _ _ __________________ —
S
T
_____ 1850-63, $ 1 .2 0
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1974 2_________________ —— _______ __________________ __ ____ Suppl.
F ree
A lle n to w n — e th le h e m —E a sto n , P a .—N. J . , M a y 19742 , -------- ,-------------------------------- .S u p p l.
B
F ree
Santa Ana— a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1974 1 _______________________ ________ 1850-9,
G
85 cents
A n ah eim —
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $ 1 .0 0
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1974_______________ ____________ ____ ______ __________ ___________________ Suppl.
F ree
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A ug. 1975 1_______________________________________________________________ 1850-62, $ 1 .3 0
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1974 2 ___ ___ _________________ ___ ________ Suppl.
P
F ree
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1975.__________ _ ____________________________________________________ 1850-46, 65 cents
B in gh am ton , N .Y .—P a ., Ju ly 1975____________________________ ____ ______ ________________ 1850-50, 65 cents
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1975_______________________________ —------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
B o is e C ity , Idah o, N o v. 1973 2 ______________________________ ___ ___________ ______________ Suppl.
F ree
B oston , M a s s ., A u g. 1975 1 ________________________________________________________________ 1850-58, $1 .0 5
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1974____________________________________________________________________ 1850-69, 95 cents
B u rlin g to n , V t . , D ec. 1973 2 - _____ _____ ___________________________— . . . __________________ Suppl.
F ree
Canton, O h io, M a y 1975__________________________________________________________ —________ Suppl.
F ree
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 19742 __________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 ---- ---------------- ---------------------------------- ----- ------------ ------- Suppl.
F ree
C h attan ooga, T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1975 1 ---- _ ---------------------------------------- -------------------- 1850-67, 85 cents
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975___________ _ _____________________ ______ — -------------------- -------- 1850-33, 85 cents
_
C in cin n a ti, Ohio—K y .— d ., F e b . 1975---- ---------------------------------------------------- ----- ---- Suppl.
In
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1975________________ _________________________ _________________ —___ 1850-64, $ 1.30
C olu m bu s, O h io, O ct. 1974_________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C orpu s C h r is ti, T e x ., July 1975_______ ___ ___ _____________________ _________________ . . . __ 1850-3 7, 65 cents
F ree
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1973 2 ____________ _____________________________ _____________ __ __ ______ Suppl.
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1850-59, $ 1 .5 0
D a ven p ort— ock Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a —
R
M
111., F e b . 1975.._____________________ _______ ___ Suppl.
F ree
D ayton , O h io, D ec. 1974 1 —----------- ---- ------------------------- ---------------------------------------- 1850-14, 80 cents
Daytona B ea ch , F la . , A u g. 1975____ ___________ ________________ __ _____________________ _ 1850-47, 65 cents
F ree
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1973 2_____________ —______________________ _ ___ ____________________ _ Suppl.
D en vei^ -B o u ld er, C o lo ., D ec. 1974 1__________________________________________________ ____ 1850-15, 85 cents
Des M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 _____ _______________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1975__________ ___ _______________________ __ _________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
D urham , N .C ., D ec. 1973 2 _ _________________ ________________________________________ ____— 1795-9,
65 cents
B
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B ea ch — o ca R aton, F la .,
A p r . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 1850-26, 80 cents
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1973 2___ __________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1975 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1850-61, $ 1.20
G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1975_______________________________________________________________ 1850-57, $ 1 .1 0
G re e n B a y , W is ., Ju ly 1975 1_______________________________________________________________ 1850-44, 80 cents
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C ., Aug. 1975------------------------------- ------- 1850-49, 65 cents
W
H
1850-42, 65 cents
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975_______________________________________ ____________________ —
H a r tfo r d , C onn., M a r . 1975 1______________________________________________________________ 1850-28, 80 cents
H ouston, T e x . , A p r. 1975_____________ -______________________________________________——— Suppl.
F ree
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975___________ _____________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1975 1_________________________ —__ -___________________________ ___ 1850-66, 95 cents
J ack son , M is s ., F e b . 1975________________________________________________________ __ ____ __ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D ec. 1974___________ ____ __________—--------------------- ------------------- -- Suppl.
F ree
K an sas C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1975_____________________ ___________________________ _____ 1850-55, 80 cents
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2---------------------- ----------------------------- Suppl.
H
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e tte , K y ., N o v . 1974____________________ —---- ----- -_____________________— Suppl.
F ree
L it t le R ock— o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k ., Ju ly 1973 2__________________________ _______ _____Suppl.
N
F ree
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —Lon g B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1974—___________________________________________ Suppl.
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch and A n a h eim —
Santa A n a -G a rd en
G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1973 2 — _____ —___ -___________________________________________ .______ Suppl.
F ree
In
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., N o v . 1974 1__ _________—---------- --- ------------------—---------------------- 1850-12, 80 cents
L u b b ock , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 -__ ________ ____________________ —-------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1973 2 ----------- ------------------------ — ------------------------------ — ---- Suppl.
F ree
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e 2

M elb o u rn e— it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A ug. 1975---------------------------- --— —------------- _----- 1850-54, 65 cents
T
M e m p h is , Term .— r k .— is s ., N ov. 1974----- -------------------------- --------------------------------Suppl.
A
M
F ree
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1974______________ _____ ___ —-------------------- —----- ----- —--------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1974 2 ----- — ---- _--------------------- ---- --------------------.---- Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r. 1975 1 -----------—— —---------------------- ----- ----- --------------------------- - 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n ea p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1975 1 ____ ___________ ...------ —--------- —_______________ _ 1850-20, $ 1.05
M u skegon — u sk egon H e ig h ts , M ic h ., June 1974 2 _------------ —--------— ___ ____ _____ i ---- Suppl.
M
F ree
S
N assau— u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1 __________________________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1850-18, $ 1.00
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------ —---------- Suppl.
F ree
N ew H aven , Conn., Jan. 1974 2----------- ---------------------------------- —------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975----------------------------------------------—------------------------- ------ .S u p p l.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1__________________________________________________________ 1850-45, $ 1.10
N ew Y o r k and N assau — u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r. 1974 2------------- — ___________________________ Suppl.
S
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each —P o rts m o u th , V a .- N .C ., M a y 1975____________________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—H am pton, V a .,M a y 1975
1850-30, 65 cents
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , Aug. 1975----------------------------------------------------- ------------------- 1850-52, 65 cents
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1975________— ------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-51, 65 cents
O m aha, N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1975-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-56, $ 1.10
Io
P a te r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1 ____________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N o v. 1975_________________________________________________________ 1850-65, 85 cents
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2-------- __-------------- ------------------- ----- --------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1975______________ ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N o v. 1974-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M a y 1975------- -- --------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-40, 75 cents
W
______________________________________________ 1850-70, 65 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . L June 1975----------- —
P ou g h k e e p s ie —K in gston —N ew b u rgh ,
N .Y ., June 1975 1__________________________ _________ 1850-68, 75 cents
P r o v id e n c e — a r w ic k — a w tu ck et, R .I.— a s s ., June 1975_______________ __ ______________ 1850-27, 75 cents
W
P
M
R a le ig h , N .C ., D ec. 1973 1 2 _________________________________________________________________ 1795-7, 65 cents
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 1975------- ---------------------------------------------- -------------------Suppl.
D
F ree
R ich m on d , V a . , June 1975_____—----------------- ----- ------------------------ ------------------------------ 1850-41, 65 cents
R iv e r s id e —
San B e rn a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif., D ec. 1973 2 ___ ____ ______________________ .S u p p l.
O
F ree
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1974 2 __________ __ ____________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r . 1975_________________________________________________ ____________ Suppl.
F ree
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif., D ec. 1974 1 ______ -_____________________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cents
Sagin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 1974 1 --------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-16, 75 cents
S a lt L a k e Cityr-O gden, U tah, N o v. 1974_________________________________ __________________ Suppl.
F ree
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975________ _______ —_________________________ ____________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v. 1974 1------- ------ ----- — ____________________________________________ 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 1975 1 _________________ _____ __ __________________ 1850-35, $ 1.00
O
_
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1------------- ----- ----------------- — ----- — -------------------------------- 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 _________ ___ _ ________________________ ____ ______________________ Suppl.
F ree
S cran ton , P a ., Ju ly 1973 1 2-------- — _________ _____________________ _______ __________________ 1795-3,
55 cent,s
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1975------ -------------------------------- ---.----- .-------------------------Suppl.
F ree
S ioux F a lls , S. D ak., D ec. 1973 2---- ---- ___--------------------------- — __________ ______________ Suppl.
F ree
South B end, In d ., M a r . 1975_______ ___ ______ _______________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W a sh ., June 1974 2_______________ ____ ____ ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S y ra c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1975--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-43, 65 cents
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1973 2____________________ _____ __ ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
T o le d o , O hio—M ic h ., M a y 1975 1-------------------- -------------------------- ----------- ------------------ 1850-34, 80 cents
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1___________________________________________________________________ 1850-60, $ 1.20
W ash in gton , D .C .— d.—V a . , M a r . 1975 1 _________________________ _______ _____ ___ ________ 1850-31, $1.00
M
W a te rb u ry , C onn., M a r . 1974 2 ------- ---------------------------------------------- ------------ ----------- Suppl.
F ree
W a te r lo o , Io w a , N o v. 1973 1 2 ____________ ______ ________________________ ___________________ 1795-5,
60 cents
W e s tc h e s te r County, N .Y ., M a y 1975 1 ____________________________________________________ 1850-53, 80 cents
W i chit a , K an s ., A p r . 19 75—__ ______________ ______________________ ___ _____________ _______ _ S uppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1______________________________________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1850-32, 80 cents
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io , N o v. 1973 2 ____________________________ ________________________Suppl.
W
F ree

T H IR D CLASS M A IL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O FFIC ES
R egion I

R e gion II

1603 J F K F ed era l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 2 203
P h o n e :2 2 3 -6 76 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7 )

S u ite 340 0
151 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 100 36
P h o n e :9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

C o n n e c tic u t
M aine
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p sh ire
R h o d e Isla n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N ew Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V irg in Islands

R egion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago , III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O io
Digitizedhfor FRASER
W iscon sin



R e gion V I

R e g io n IV

R e gion I II
P.O. B o x 1 3 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19 10 1
P h one: 5 9 6 1 154 (A re a C o de 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gions V I I ano VI11

S e c o n d F lo o r
555 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
Dallas, T e x . 752 0 2
P h o n e : 749 -3 516 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F ed era l O ffic e B u ild in g
91 1 W a ln u t S t., 1 5 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 (A re a C o de 8 16 )

L o u is ia n a
Jew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T exas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 54 0
1371 F>eachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h o n e :5 2 6-541 8 (A re a C ode 4 04 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M is sissippi
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a rolina
T ennessee
R e gions IX and X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 3601 7
San F ra n c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 41 5)
IX
A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

X
A laska
Id a h o
O regon
W a s h in g to n

am
A

%>

9


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102