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AGESURVEY
P oughkeepsie—K ingston—N ew b u rg h , N e w Y o rk,
M e tro p o lita n A rea, June 1975
Bulletin 1 8 5 0 - 6 8


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ T#
MAR 2 6
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

do cum ent

APRS

collection
1976

Dayton & Montgomery Oo.
Public Library

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
^ . B u r e a u of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a June 1975 survey of occupational earnings and
supplementary wage benefits in the Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., Standard M etro­
politan Statistical A rea (Dutchess, Orange, and Ulster Counties).
The survey was made as
part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program . The program
is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional
estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas in the Upited States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A m ajor consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe
the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor m arkets, through the analysis of
(1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by
occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used
for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and
assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U .S. Department
of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 82 areas are included in the program . (See list of areas on inside
back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information
on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area
surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estim ates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional
office in New York, N .Y ., under the general direction of Tony F erra ra, Acting A ssistant
Regional Com m issioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished with­
out the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for
the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreci­
ation for the cooperation received.

Note:
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the
Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh areas are also available for the laundry, moving and
storage, and metalworking industries (June 197 5). Free copies of these are available from
the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

A R EA W A G E S U R V E Y

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 - 6 8

U DEPARTMENT
.S.

March 1976

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

OF LABOR,

W J Usery, Jr., Secretary
. .

Poughkeepsie—K ingston—N ew burgh, N ew York, M etro p o litan A rea, June 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

T ables;

B.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and c le r k s _______________________________
B -2 .
Late shift pay provisions for full-tim e manufacturing plant w orkers____________________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-tim e first-sh ift w orkers_______________________________________________________
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays for full-tim e w o r k e r s____________________________________________________________________
B -4 a . Identification of major paid holidays for full-tim e w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________ ___
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e w orkers____________________________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-tim e w orkers________________________________________________

Appendix A .
Appendix B.




Scope and method of su rv ey _________________________________________________________________________________________________
Occupational descriptions____________________________________________________________________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 75 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

3
O ' U1 t F

Earnings:
A -l.
Weekly earnings of office w orkers________________________________________________________________________________________; _
_
A - 2.
Weekly earnings of professional and technical w o r k e r s________________________________________________________________
A -3 .
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x ___________________________________
A - 4.
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w o r k e r s_______________________________________________________________
A - 5.
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w o r k e r s_________________________________________________ _______
A - 6,
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and m aterial movement workers, by s e x _____
A-l.
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts

vO 03 'J

A.

10
11
12
13
14
15

18
21
25

Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
A -series tables
Tables A - l through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6 a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.
Following the occupational wage tables is table A -7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers-, industrial nurses, skilled




maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.
B -se r ie s tables
The B -series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-sh ift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-sh ift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey and information on the area's
industrial composition in manufacturing. It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage.
Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-tim e earnings information is presented.

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

i

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

$

$

*

$

S

%

$

$

5

$

i

5

80

85

90

95

lo o

110

120

130

140

150

16u

170

18}

190

%
2 00

65

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19}

20 0

9
9

9
9

4

-

-

4
4

3

-

75

7
7

a

$

5

i

?2 0

240

2 o0

280

1 -----3 00

22,)

240

26

2a0

300

320

-

3
3

and
under
80

ALL WORKERS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR:,,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3*
32

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

$
1 4 0 .0 0
91 ,u 0

$
$
9 1 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
8 s . 0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

36

4 0 .0

1 7 s ! 00
2 2 5 .0 0

170*00
2 6 4 . 5o

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 4 5 .0 0
1 5 s .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
14e . 5 0 - 2 9 6 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

74
64

4 0 . 0 1 0 8 .0 0
9 ) . 0 1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 J«U0

72

163 - 0
/ n ^ 1 7 0 .0 0
39 f

1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 R .O u -1 9 i.5 o
1 3 R . 0 0 - I 9 a .0 0
1 3 R .0 0 - I 6 a .5 o

1 O/l

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

179
02

-

r

-

-

7

-j „
1

20

39*0

r\C T * UH w 11 U'

Cun

I UI' j ^

' L Aj

^
36

^

1 1 ) ^ .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0

1

10
9

10
10

Id

8
3

21

11

27

17

4

12
11
54

1 5 8 .0 0 — 6 8 .0 0
2

11

7

J

12

14

211
1

2
jj

1-5
SECRETARIES.

11
11

“
2

1

3

2

16

10

11

-

8
6

20
12

3

1 6 4 . 5 0 - 2 3 1 . uO

1 9 0 .0 0

40
40

14
11

1^5* CO

2 1 1 .5 0

45

1 4 3 .0 0

12

12
1

-

20
2

4

72

20

CLASS C :
1 5 6 .0 0

33

fl9

71
36
33
38

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




13 / , 0 / —1 7 1 . u0
1 2 1 .0 0 1 2 1 .0 0 -

3 9 .5

6

1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0 -

14
13

1 2 0 .O C -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 1 1 7 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

^ 0 *0

s i

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 5 . 5C 1 3 6 .0 0

20

1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 ? . 0 1 .-1 3 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 1 4 9 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -

1 5 0 .0 0

17

39

65

53

JO

28

4

1 5 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

38

1
1

3

12
12

4
-

-

1

-

9

11

3

17
16

1

7

4

19

7

5

4

6
-

”

1
1

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Weekly earnings
(standard)

O cc u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workeis

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f---%
130

M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range2

135

190

195

150

160

170

180

190

200

5
>
%
2 10 22u

190

195

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

230

13

50

90

$

s

$

%

s

S

s

i

.i

$

«i

32

$

i

$
23Q

24 j

2 50

290

2 50

?&0

270

28*)

280

260

29,.

*
•
6
2*5*0
300

1
>
310

3 00

310

over

15

3

1

and
u n d er
135

ALL WORKERS
$
1 7 9 .0 0

$
1 7 5 .0 0

$
$
1 6 s .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

9 0 .0

.--.<-.00

2 5 c . 0 0 - 2 6 u .0 0

5ftQ

t A

.^

39 ^

191

210

00

9 0 .0

3

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
67
IJKMr 1LHj 9 vLMo J r ™
"

uKAr 1 L K j 9

vL AJ j

t

lJ *
"

38
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.

*

CLASS A -

W o r k e r s w e r e at $320 to $ 33 0.

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




12

AJ

3 8 .5

159

9 0 .0

„ , r.

1 6 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

2 6 6 .0 0

2 6 8 .5 0

2 5 7 .5 0 -2 7 1 .0 0

2

2
20
19
£

15

1
3

32
32

2

4

e

b

l ‘i

20

63

19

12

Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean *)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

32

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hour* '
[standard)

J .0

$
1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 ,

f-g

3 9 . 5 173.50|
3 9 . 5 1C 9.00)

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean *)

Weakly
earnings1
(standard)

SECRETARIES -

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS

CLASS

A
b

38
---------------

177
00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

btCKL 1

CONTINUED

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

4 J .0
CL ASb

71
42

1 L j y LL Aj j D “ "

SECRETARIES,

n

1 2 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

3 9 .0

1 5 6 . oo!

219
36
o r ,r r ,.T A „ r

_

^

T

„ ,_ r.

s w it c h b o a r d

8 13

(

1 6 5 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

37 ^ 1 2 4 .0 0
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,

CLASS A -

4 0 .0

2 6 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 1 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0
/ A.0
0 A

■?i i7 .0 0
* -0 r\r

3 8 .5

2 1 5 .5 0

operator- r e c e p t io n is t s -

71
38
33

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

1
1 ' 0 COMPUTER
na

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




2 0 R .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0

39 0

CLASo
>3

70

13^**“ 0

^"a~~
*a

67

3 9* r
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS*

2 5 7 .5 0
3 9 .5

39*^

,-n r r ^ n - ^ . n n

$
1 8 1 .0 0

,„ _ 2 2 2 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,

49

1 ' 0 00
1 0 7 .0 0
1 fro* ftn

2 57

$
2 3 2 .5 0 ,

CLASS C :

rZf

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

39
CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

4 0 .0

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

CLERKS,

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

E a rn in g s da ta in ta b le A - 3 r e la t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x
id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t . E a r n in g s d a ta in
t a b le s A - l and A - 2 , o n the o t h e r hand, r e la t e t o a ll w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)

PROGRAMMERS,

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f

Hourly earnings3

"'£
T
3 . 10 3 .2 o

Number

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

Median*

Middle range 2

%
3 .3 0

5
3 .4 0

$
S
3 . 50 3 .6 0

s
3 .8 0

$

3 i 60 3 .8 0

4 .0 0

,3 0

4
4

.0 0

T
r
$
4 . 30 4 <*0 4 .6 0

*
4 .8 0

*
6
5 . 0 0 5 .2 0

*
5 .4 0

S
S 60

.8 0

6
6 .0 0

i
6 .2 0

6 .4 0

'S '
6 .6 0

3
)
6 .3 0

3 20 3 . 3 ?

3 .W

3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

4 . 40 4 b9 4 .8 0

5 . 2 0 5 . 40

'.»
p«fen 5 lB

.0 0

6 « 6 • 6 ,« Q
'

5 .2 0

7 .0 0

?w
t1

and
u n d er
7 .0 0

over

ALL WORKERS
TOILER TENOERS ------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------

35
35

$
A . 75
4 .7 5

$
4 .6 4
4 .6 4

$
$
4 . 6 4 - 5 .2 1
4 . 6 4 - 5 .2 1

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

86
61

5 .4 5
5 .4 1

5 .4 5
5 .4 5

5 .2 9 5 .2 9 -

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

57
57

4 .3 9
4 .3 9

4 .5 1
4 .5 1

4 . 3 5 - 4 .7 1
4 .3 5 - 4 .7 '

2
2

5
5

3
3

_

-

-

-

3
3

MACHINE-TOOL

87
67

5 .1 4
5 .1 4

4 .8 8
4 .8 8

4 .4 3 4 .4 3 -

5 .9 1
5 .9 3

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

3
3

6
6

MANUFACTURING -------------

62
62

5 .7 9
5 .7 9

5 . b7
5 .6 7

5 .1 1 5 .1 1 -

6 .2 a
6 .2 a

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----PURL IC U T IL IT IE S -

115
103
63

5 .6 3
b .6 4
5 .8 5

5 .5 0
5 .5 0
6 .0 4

4 .7 5 4 .5 0 5 .2 1 -

6 .6 2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ■
MANUFACTURING -------------

139
139

5 .4 5
5 .4 5

5 .4 7
5 .4 7

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------

220
220

5 .9 5
5 .9 5

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m —
m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------

m a c h in is t s ,

m a in t e n a n c e

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

-

-

“

16
16

2
2

-

11
9

-

3
2

19
19

14
14

22
22

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

5 .4 5 .4 -

44
44

2
2

4
4

3
3

4
4

3
3

3
3

6
6

6
6

6

12
12

__

7
7

7
7

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

8
8
6

20
14
14

5
i
i

-

52
52

n
ii

4

6
6

34
34

-

5
5

7
7

2
2

5
5

“

-

15
15
-

-

-

-

*

3
2
-

4 .7 6 - 5 .4 r
A .7 6- 5 .4 -

8
8

30
30

10
1G

6
6

5 .2 5 5 .2 5 -

4
4

5
5

9
9

36
36

6 .6 ?
6 .9 a

6 .6 5
6 .5 8

7
7
7

7
7
7

-

-

_

8
8

-

-

-

-

_

*

1
1

*

4
4

2
2

5
5

2
2

“

17
17

1
1

9
9

4
4
4

8
7
4

5
5
5

-

-

9
Y
9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

27
27

ii
n

15
15

16
16

S
'
9

6
6

-

4
4

7
7

3
2

6

14
14

3

i
i

24
24
24
22
22
19
19

20
CG

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i ving s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

$
2 .0 0
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

&
2 .2 0

$
$
2 . A0 2 .6 0

5
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

5
3 .2 0

^ .4 0

2 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 . A0 3 .6 0

$
*
3 . A0 3 .6 0

3 . 00

s
$
$
A . 00 A . 20 A .A 0

$
i
"5--------■$—
6 . A0 6 . do 7 .2 0 7 .6 0

4
$
A . 60 A . 80

$
5
5 00 5 .2 0

4
5 .6 0

$
6 .0 0

A . 80 5 .0 0

5

5 .b 0

6 .0 0

6 . A0 .6 .8 0

and
u n d er
2 .2 0

2 .8 0

3 .8 0

A . 00 A . 20

A .A 0

A . 60

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

ALL WORKERS
$
2 . 2 5 - A . 36
3 .8 3 - A .9 m

290
127

$
3 .3 6
A .3 A

$
3 .1 3
A . 63

$

GUARDS A'm WATCHMEN-------------------------------D
MANUF A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------G U A R D S --------------------------------------- -------------------

1A5

A . 28

A . 30

3 . 8 8 - A .9 J

WATCHMENS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

33

3 . 1A

3 .1 3

2 . 7 5 - 3 .3 o

-

-

4

5

-

13

4

JA N IT O R S. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

A76
144
3 32
40

3 .0 2
3 .3 1
2 .8 9
A . 12

3 .0 0
3 .1 5
2 .7 5
A . 35

2 .2 5 3 . CO2 .1 0 3 .7 2 -

3 .6 3
3 .A 6
3 .6 C
A.AA

96
10
86
-

37
1
36
—

32
32
-

22
6
16
-

33
15
18
-

72
A3
29
"

30
18
12
3

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

2S2
197

A . 01
3 .9 A

3 .5 8
3 .6 0

3 « 3 0 “ 4 .6 4
3 . 5 0 - A . 64

.

a
*

8
2

12
7

11
6

15
8

13
13

PACKEPS, SHIPPING ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

75
75

3 .A 9
3 .A 9

3 .6 A
3 .6 A

3 .2 5 3 .2 5 -

3 .7 4
3 .7 s

-

15
15

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------------

27

A . 16

A . 25

3 . 8 8 - A . 56

-

-

-

1

-

1

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

39
31

A . 3A
A . 67

a
a

.3 o
. aa

3 . 6 3 - 5 .1 4
A .0 5 - 5 .7 s

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

1
-

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

295
59
236

5 .2 8
6 .0 6
5 .0 9

5 .0 5
7 .6 0
A . 77

A . 1 1 - 6 .7 ?
A . 0 5 - 7 . /n
A . 1 1 - 6 .7 ?

-

-

6

_

-

-

-

-

“

6

1
1
”

10
10

18
A
1A

-

“

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) --------------------------------------------

3b

3 .7 A

A . 00

3 . 2 b - A . 11

-

-

-

1

8

A

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A5

3 .9 8
A . 00

A . 23
A.A1

3 . 2 5 - A .A i
3 . 2 5 - A .A i

Hi

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
TRAILER T Y P t) --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

93
93

6 .3 0
6 .3 0

6 .7 2
6 .7 2

67
b4

A . AS
A . 26

A . 21
A . 20

3 . 9 5 - 5 .3 n
3 . 8 0 - A . 25

TRUCKERS. POWER (FO RK LIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

196
181

A .A 2
A . 35

A . 38
A . 21

A . 0 0 - A . 76
3 . 9 5 - A . 76

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

7A
31
A3

3 .6 5
3 .8 5
3 .5 1

3 .6 5
A . 03
3 .6 0

3 . 2 0 - A.O s
3 . A 7 - A . 11
3 . 1 8 - 3 .6 8

1

-

7A
“

13
A

10
5

2
-

18
13

1A
4

3
-

5
3

1A
1A

26
7

6
5

5
5

12
12

2A
2A

12
12

18
18

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

2

2

5

10

3

3

10

25

6

5

12

2A

12

18

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

1

31
19
12
5

65

10
9
1
1

11
11
11

2A
19
5
5

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

61
5

7
7
4

1
1

5
5

-

“

-

“

-

*

*

62
62

7
7

5
5

_

-

12
12

“

.

*

56
56

-

-

19
19

•

*

*

9
9

_

A8
A8

-

-

-

_

“

-

1
1

-

3

1

2

2

10

-

1

6

-

-

2
2

_

3
3

6
6

A
A

d
2

-

~

-

“

A
4

2
2
*

n
6
5

27
A
23

21
21

30
30

lv

A

-

2

2

15

-

4

*

5
1

2
2

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

b

“

“

~

-

A

7
7

4

-

A
4

6 .7 2 - 6 .7 ?
6 .7 2 - 6 .7 ?

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

33

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




16
16

10
10

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

_

7
7

A
A

2
2

5
5

9
9

7
1
6

6
3
3

19
6
13

-

-

-

5
5

2
2

2
-

9
2
7

3
1
2

2

_

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

"

“

*

*

9
9

20
12
8

19
19

.

77
77

-

-

2
2

2
2

1
1

b

_

b

“

-

“

“

71
71

*

-

6
6

“

_

10
10

38
28

15
15

18
18

8
8

1
1

-

-

1

4
3
1

2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

30
30

-

1

30
30
"

”

_

.

12

2A
2A

_

6
6

1
1

26
26

“

“

-

-

-

10
10

~

17
17

18
10
8

-

"

-

4

10
9

-

-

“

4

A
A

-

-

10

-

*

2A
“

-

_

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex, in
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1975
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean* )
hourly
earnings3

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - HEN
$

252

' * 7C

$

#fJ

,_ __
di

5* A1
•1

57
35

•

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —

.,

295

J

■if!

3ti

5 .7 9
5 .7 9
TPUCKDRIVERS * LIGHT

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE

139

3 .9 8
4 .0 0

(UNDER

TRUCKORIVEPS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2
MECHANICS* MAINTENANCE

3 .7 4

^*5

bC~

5 .2 a
6 .0 6
5 .0 9

TO

5 .4 5
TRUCKDRIVERS*

HEAVY

(OVER A TONS*
6 .3 0
6 .3 0

TRUCKORIVERS*

h E a VY

(OVER A TONS*

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

2 88

3 . 35I

143
5"1

4.2 7 1
3 .4 0

-,
»
3 .-> l

WATCHMEN t
33
JANITORS*

PORTERS*

AND CLEANERS ------

3 .1 4

435

2 .9 9
7 " 19

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

JANITO RS,

PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

E a r n in g s da ta in ta b le A-*6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o se s e x
id e n t ific a t io n ’ w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t . E a rn in g s data in
t a b le s A - 4 and A - 5 , on the o t h e r h a n d, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)

( j

3 37




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )___
_____
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )______
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )_________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s (m en )
U n s k ille d pla n t w o r k e r s (m en ) _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )___ _
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )______,
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )_________________ i
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s (m e n )____________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s ( m e n )__

*
**

June 1972
to
June 1973

June 1973
to
June 1974

June 1974
to
June 1975

5 ,3

7 .8

6 ,8

7.6
*
**
8.5
6 .7

**
*
**
**
5.8

**
*
**
**
8 .5

**
**
**
**

*
**
6 .3

D ata n ot a v a ila b le .
D ata d o n ot m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .

N O T E : T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t h is ta b le a re b a s e d on ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e t r e n d j o b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s
y e a r (m a tch e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e y a r e n ot a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s
re s u lt in g f r o m e m p lo y m e n t sh ifts a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in su rv e y s a m p l e s .
T he p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i ll a ffe c t e d b y f a c t o r s
o th e r them w age i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t- an e s t a b lis h m e n t
a v e r a g e fo r an o c c u p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er p la n s p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s
f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d h i r in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n t e r at the
b o t to m o f the ra n g e, d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e s e w a g e t r e n d s a r e n ot lin k e d to the w a g e in d e x e s p r e v io u s l y p u b lis h e d f o r th is
a r e a b e c a u s e the w a g e in d e x e s m e a s u r e d ch a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s , w h e r e a s th e s e w ag e
t r e n d s m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s . O th e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f th e s e
w a g e t r e n d s w h ich d i f f e r f r o m the d is c o n t in u e d in d e x e s in c lu d e (1 ) e a r n in g s da ta o f o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s a r e c o n v e r t e d to an h o u r ly b a s is , (2 ) tre n d e s t im a t e s
a r e p r o v id e d fo r n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , w h e r e p o s s ib l e , and (3 ) t r e n d e s t im a t e s
a r e p r o v id e d fo r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g j o b s .
F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o co m p u te t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , se e
" I m p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1 97 3, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .

**
**
7 .7
8 .7

12.1

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks
in Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1975
O ther in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r c i a l w o r k e r s 5

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is t s
M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED -----------------------

116

48

XXX

68

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ----------------------------------------------------------

26

1*

12

1
2
2
3
-

_
1
2
1
-

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7
1
1
6
1
2

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ---------------------------------------------------------ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ---------------------

UNDER
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$■95.00
$ 9 7 .5 0
$ 1 0 0 .0 0
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0

5 8 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------AND UNDER $ 8 5 . 0 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 8 7 . 5 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 0 . 0 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 2 . 5 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 5 . 0 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 7 . 5 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ------------------AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

40

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k l y h o u r s 6 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 7V a

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

3 7 V2

XXX

XXX

117

48

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

12

5

6

41

16

12

25

15

7

1
1
1
-

1
1
2
-

_
-

.
2
-

1
2
3
2
5
1
6
1

3
1
5
1
-

3
1
A
1
-

A
1
1
2

2
-

11

A

XXX

79

30

XXX

1
-

1
1
-

2
-

-

7

49

•
-

_
_

1
1
1
1

1
1

1
2
3
1
4

1
3

1
1
_

3
2
1

1

5
1
2

1
3
1

3

4
2
-

3
2

5
1

4

3
1

2

6
2
3
6
1
2

-

2

-

2

XXX

XXX

44

20

XXX

24

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

32

12

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

_




( A ll fu l l- t im e m a n u fa ctu rin g plant wo r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t )
W o r k e r s on la te s h ifts

A ll w o rk e r s 7
Item
S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

----------

7 7 .7

5 6 .3

1 1 .3

2 .5

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ---------WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ----------------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL ------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ---------------------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL --------------------------------------------------------------

3 .1
7 4 .6
3 7 .1
3 7 .0
.6

1 .0
5 5 .3
2 5 .1
3 0 .2
-

.5
1 0 .8
5 .9
A .7
.1

(8 )
2 .5
2 .0
.5
-

1 7 .3
9 .3

2 2 .1
1 2 .0

1 8 .8
9 .3

2 2 .A
1 2 .A

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN ESTABLISHMENTS

w it h

late

s h if t

p r o v is io n s

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR 0 IFFERENTIAL -----------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL --------------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PFR-HOURi
3 AND UNDER A CENTS -----------------------------------------------------10 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------12 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------15 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------18 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------19 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------20 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------30 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------3 2 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------35 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
5 PERCENT --------------------------------------------------------------------------7 AND UNDER 8 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------12 AND UNDER 13 PtRCENT ---------------------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s.

•4
1 7 .9
1 .3
2 .8

-

3 .1
A .A
A •0

-

3 .2

A .9

-

3 2 .1

7 .9
1 .0

-

5*6
3 .9
3 .6
2 .7
.A

2 .2
2 .1
2 5 .9

(8 )
2 .5
.3
(8 )

.
.
•4

.
.6
-

.
.2

1 .2
.7

.
-7

.6

.3
<8)

-

.7
_
A. 1

•4

.
(8 )
.5

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m anuf a ctu r ing

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------------------32
35
36
36
37
37
37
38
38
38
40
42

42
43
44

45

46
50

50
54

1 /2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------------1 /4 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------------1 /2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------------3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------8 /1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS -------------------------------HOUPS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 1 /2 DAYS ----------------------------------------------6 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------1 /2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------1 /2 HOURS-5 OAYS ---------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------5 1 /2 DAYS ----------------------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------5 1 /2 OAYS ----------------------------------------------1 /4 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------HOURS-------------------------------- -------------------------5 1 /2 DAYS ----------------------------------------------6 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------1 /2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------HOURS-6 DAYS -------------------------------------------

100

_

_

_

13
1
2
4
i
68
2
2
2
(9 )
(9 )
(9 )
2
2
(9 )
1
1
(9 )
1
(9 )
1

13
2
3
5
70
3
1
1
1
1
2

13
1
3
63
8
8
1
1
1
3
2
1
5
2
2
1
-

100

_
95
5
2
4
-

100
(9 )
3
2
2
11
(9 )
4
i
76
(9 )
(9 )
(9 )

100

1
3
2
1
6
88

“
“
*-

-

100

100

(9 )
6
2
4
26
-

2
3
-

2
58
1
1
“
1
“
“

18
“
”
76
“
*
"
”
“
“
~
“

-

-

-

-

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES ---------------------

See fo o t n o t e at end o f t a b le s .




3 9 .7

3 9 .5

4 0 .3

4 0 .3

3 9 .4

3 9 .7

3 8 .8

3 9 .2

P la n t w o r k e r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

O ffice w o rk e r s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS --------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED10
2 HOLIDAYS -----------------5 HOLIDAYS -----------------6 HOLIDAYS -----------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
7 HOLIDAYS -----------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
8 HOLIDAYS -----------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ■
9 HOLIDAYS -----------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY •
PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
10 HOLIDAYS ---------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY •
11 HOLIDAYS ---------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS
12 HOLIDAYS ---------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ■
13 HOLIDAYS ---------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY •
14 HOLIOAYS ----------------

(9 )
1

1

11

2

35
1

3
(9 )
13
1
13
6
8

8

(9 )
4
(9 )

11
1

11

6

6
7
1
32
(9 )
6
1
1

1

10
1
37

4

2

5
6
5
1

2
4

2

(9 )

17
1

39

12

48

4

4
1

9
(9 )

3

(9 )

(9 )
3
(9 )
6
3
5
7
(9 )
55
(9 )
5
(9 )
2
1
(9 )

1
(9 )
3
(9 )
4
3
9
5
(9 )
70

19
1
3

2

3

3

8
2
6
30

11

56

6

1
(9 )

10
31
1

2

4
(9 )

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED11
5 DAYS OR MORE --------6 DAYS OR MORE --------7 OAYS OR MORE --------8 DAYS OR MORE --------8 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE •
9 DAYS OR MORE --------9 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE ■
10 DAYS OR MORE ------10 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE
11 DAYS OR MORE ------12 DAYS OR MORE ------12 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE
13 DAYS OR MORE ------13 1 / 2 OAYS OR MORE




99
98
87
83
72
71
60
55
42
40
8

2
1
(9 )

100
99
97
94

81
80
67
61
44
42
5
1

97
97
62
53
48
48
42
37
36
34
17
4
4
<91

100
100
96
96
96
96
95
95
90
90
51
3
3

100

100
91
89
86
86
80
77
65
65
10
4
4

2

100

loo
98
97
94
93
89
86
73
72

2
(9 )

100
100

100
100

81
77
74
74

98
98
94
94
94
94
88
88
58

66
64
53
53

22
10
10
4

2
2

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

I t e m 10
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

P ercen t o f w ork ers
A ll fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s ___________________

100

100

100

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y ________________________________
M a rtin L u th er K in g 's B irth d a y
L in c o ln 's B ir th d a y
____
L in c o ln 's B irth d a y , h a lf d a y
W a sh in g to n 's B ir t h d a y
___
G ood F r id a y
G o od F r id a y , h a l f d a y
E a s t e r Sunday
M e m o r ia l D ay
F o u rth o f J u ly
L a b o r D ay
C o lu m b u s D ay
___
V e t e r a n s D ay _
_
E le c t io n Day
T h a n k sg iv in g D ay
D ay a fte r T h a n k sg iv in g
C h r is t m a s E v e
C h r is t m a s E v e , h a lf d a y
C h r is t m a s D ay
N ew Y e a r 's E v e ___
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf d a y
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 d a y 13
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 2 d a y s 13
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 5 d a y s 13
E m p lo y e e 's b irth d a y
E m p lo y e e 's a n n iv e r s a r y .
_ _
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y , 1 d a y
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y , 2 d a y s
________________
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y , 3 d a y s
_
__ ____
P e r s o n a l h o lid a y , 4 d a y s
_ _ _

92
3
3
1
40
45
4
1
98
97
99
19
4
17
99
30
14
8
99
5
7
11
5
20
15
2
3
2
2
1

91
4
1
38
52
6

97

100
27
96
75
-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




99
98
100
15
1
17
100
35
15
11
100
7
10
14
7
26
14
1
2
1

9
5
45
25
1
4
96
96
95
28
14
19
98
16
12
1
98
"
2
3
1
5
18
7
8
(’ )
4
3

100
100
100
96
49
72
100
45
45
-

100
-

3
18
-

100
99
(’ )
15
(’ )
34
26
2
(9 )
99
99
99
25
14
20
99
28
12
8
100
3
6
7
3
37
10
1
1
4
4
(9 )

100

100

100

99
1
1
12
29
3
100
99
100
3
1
4
100
30
13
9
100
5
9
6
4
59
11
-

100

100

(9 )
6
(9 )

-

39
1
68
23
1
(9 )
99
99
99
59
36
46
99
25
12
6
100
-

2
9
(9 )
2
8
4
1
2
11
(9)

-

23
-

98
76
-

100
100
100
98
41
76
100
53
53
-

100
-

2
-

13
-

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT p r o v i d i n g
PAID VACATIONS ----------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ----------------------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT --------------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -----------------------------OTHER PAYMENT -----------------------------------------

-

1

-

(9 )

(9 )

99
89
7
4

100
85
10
6

99
99

100
100
-

99
99

99
99

-

-

-

-

“

•

-

-

-

-

ft MONTHS OF SERVICES
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEtKS -----------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

20
A3
5
"

2A
A3
6
”

a

71
5
*

8
78
2
i

10
8A
1

A
68
A
2

78
1

1 YEAR OF SERV IC E:
UNDER I WEEK --------------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER I AND UNDFR 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------------

3
38
3
51
A
(9 )

2
37
4
52
6
“

5
A2
1
51
1

5

(9 )
ii
(9 )
88
1
(9 )

2 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------------

13
A
76
A
3
(9 )

13
5
73
6
4
*

13
1
8A

5
91
“
5

2
1
93
(9 )
4
(9 )

1
1
92
(9 )
6

3 YEARS OF SERV IC E:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------------

3
3
86
A
3
(9 )

2
5
8A
6
A

5

A

92
1
1
1

92

1
(9 )
9A
(9 )
4
(9 )

(9 )
(9 )
93
(9 )
6

A YEARS OF SERV IC E:
I WEEK ----------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — -------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------------

3
3
85
5
3
(9 )

2
5
83
6

92
5

1
(9 )
9A
(9 )
A
(9 )

(9 )
(9 )
93
(9 )
6

5 YEARS OF SERV IC E:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------------

1
2
5A
9
33
<9)

3
A3
13
A1

93
3
5

1
(9 )
AA
1
55
(9 )

(9 )

-

100
100

-

100
100

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER! 14




*

4

A3
2
*

1
1

5
92
1
1
1

4
-

83
1
10
1

2A
71

5

A

10

-

-

(9 )
20
1
79
-

1
12
(9 )
85
2
(9 )

A

-

21
.

78
1

5

(9)

9A

9A

_

-

2
(9 )

•

1

2

2

95

97
.

2
(9 )

2

-

1

2

.

-

95

97

-

-

2
(9 )

2
81
17
(9 )

1

-

93
6
1

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
I WEEK --------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

1
1
15
6
48
1
27

2
17
8
39
1
33

4
-

.

11
.7 1
2
11

4
-

12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------- --—
5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

1
1
15
6
45
3
27
1

-

4

2
16
8
36
4
33
2

-

15 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

1
13
4
37
3
39
(9 )
1

20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 W EEKS---------------------------------------•
---------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ------------

1
13
4
21
(9 )
36
(9 )
24
(9 )

25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEFKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

1
13
4
14
(9 )
31
2
32
(9 )
1

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER1 4 CONTINUED




15
6
31
4
43

11
70
2
12
-

4
10

4
.
92
5
-

4

53
1
30
1
-

89
_

-

4

_

15
6
20

10

4

25
1
51
(9 )
8

_
_
92
1

1

3

-

4

15
6
14

10

.
4

-

2

-

30
30

-

28
3
33
-

1

3
5

_

-

1-5
1
40
(9 )
29
1

_
_

20
1
72
3

•
3
(9 )
27
(9 )
70

(9 )

92
5
-

(9 )
6
(9 )
47
2
44

3
27
(9 )
70
(9 )

-

5
47
2
44
(9 )

(9 )
2
42
3
52
(9 )
(9 )

<9 )
2
14
42
(9 )
41
"

1
21
1
76
-

(9 )
1
5
30
(9 )
64
-

(9 )
2
-

•
1

10
37
3
48

4

-

29
1
65

1

-

-

-

10

4
95
1
*

-

79
5
4

1

-

9

80
5
4
”

1
4
75
5
15
(9 )
-

1
4
-

29
61
(9 )
5
-

1
4
19
51
5
20
-

4
95
1
-

_

4
«
89
6
1
*
4
95
1
*
-

4
-

16
1
79
-

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

AMOUNT OF PAID
CONTINUED

v a c a t io n

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

O ffice w o rk e r s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o nm anuf a ctu r ing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

AFTER14 -

30 YEARS OF SER V IC E !
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNUER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER S AND UNOER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE*
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------7 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




i
13
A
1A
(9 )
30
2
33
(9 )
1

1
13
4

1A
(9 )
30
2
33
(9 )
1

15
6
1A

A
10

1

IS
1
AO
(9 )
29
1
“

15
b
1A
25
3
35
1

10
15
1
A0
(9 )
28
1
1

-

25
3
35
-

4

_

20
1
72
3
-

4
4

-

20
1
72
3
-

(9 )
2
10
.
32
3
53

A

i
A
19

23
1
71

A7
5
2A

16
1
79

-

-

-

(9 )
2

1

1
A

A

10

A

19

32
1
53

23
1
71

A7
(9 )
2A

16
1
79

2
A

*

i

-

-

-

.

_

1
1

A
.

.
•

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

O ffic e w o rk e r s

AH in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m anuf a ctu r ing

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------------------

IOO

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW15------------ ------ ----------------- ----------

98

98

98

lo o

99

99

99

100

INSURANCE --------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

93
83

97
90

82
62

100
55

94
80

99
85

86
71

100
47

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS — — ----------------

49
42

47
43

56
40

82
37

42
29

32
18

57
46

86
33

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH16!-------------------------

78

78

78

96

93

96

89

96

35
27

37
29

29
22

51
51

23
15

14
6

38
30

39
39

45

46

42

50

80

91

63

65

9

2

28

39

8

2

17

30

LONG-TERM D ISA B IL IT Y
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

23
23

29
29

6
5

-

54
48

72
67

24
17

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

91
78

95
80

80
72

100
100

89
73

98
89

74
47

100
100

SURGICAL INSURANCE -----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

91
77

95
79

80
72

100
100

89
72

98
88

74
47

100
100

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

87
74

91
76

75
69

100
100

88
71

98
87

71
46

100
100

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

68
56

69
55

66
59

93
93

88
71

91
80

83
56

95
95

OENTAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

38
37

40
39

33
33

49
49

46
44

64
62

19
14

55
55

RETIREMENT PENSION -----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

80
70

84
75

68
55

96
96

87
75

94
89

75
53

98
98

PERCENT OF WORKERS

l if e

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAITING PERIOO) -----------------------------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) ----------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 L ess than 0.05 percent.
9 L ess than 0.5 percent.
10 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
1 A ll combinations of full .and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
12 A Christmas—
New Year holiday period is an unbroken series of holidays which includes Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Y ear's
Eve, and New Y e a r's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "F lo atin g " holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time b a sis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily,
and do not n ecessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estim ates- are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estim ates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
18 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.







Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e fit s d a ta a re o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u r e a u fi e ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
p h on e in t e r v ie w fr o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in the p r e v io u s su rv ey .
In e a c h o f th e 8 2 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a re ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s : M a n u fa ctu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ff ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied .
S ep a ra te t a b u la tio n s a re p r o v id e d f o r
e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d
s t r a t i fic a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m t h is s t r a t i fie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o ob tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e th a n s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c t e d . W hen data a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
i s w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b il it y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b ia se d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F or
e x a m p le , i f on e out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g iv en a w eig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t it s e l f
p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . An a lt e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch o s e n in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f d a ta a r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u ita b le su b stitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t i s a s s ig n e d t o a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m il a r t o th e m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
i n d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l; (3 )
m a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4 ) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a cco u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b . O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d fo r study a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p en d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s da ta fo llo w in g th e j o b t it l e s are f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ithin
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n
i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e e n o u g h da ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . S e p a r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w hen th e
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n o t id e n t if ie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an
o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s da ta n o t sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly fo r in d u str y d iv is io n s a re in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e sh ow n .
L ik e w i s e , da ta a re in clu d e d in th e o v e r a ll c l a s s i f ic a t i o n w hen a s u b ­
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is n ot show n o r in fo r m a t io n t o
s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a re show n f o r f u l l- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d
t o w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a r n in g s data e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la t e s h ift s . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a re e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s fo r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l
o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e i v e r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e fir m s m a y ch a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e
1 Personal visits were on a 2-y e a r c y c le before July 1972.
2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, Tex. ; Binghamton,
N . Y . - P a . ; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale— ollyw ood and West Palm Beach—
H
Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington-Fayette, K y .; M elbou rn e-T itu svilleC o co a , F la .; Norfolk— irginia Beach—
V
Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, V a .- N . C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N. Y . ; R aleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70
areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a re a
i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in ta b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s them in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d iff e r
in p a y le v e l and j o b s t a ffin g , and thus c o n t r ib u t e d iffe r e n t ly t o th e e s t im a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
P ay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f le c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d iff e r e n t ia l a m on g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh ou ld not b e a s s u m e d to
r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y co n tr ib u te
t o d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ithin e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the r a te s p a id in cu m b e n ts
a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
J ob
d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than t h o s e u se d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r d i ff e r e n c e s a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f ic
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e
o f th e stu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e sa m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s stu d ie d . T h e s e d i ff e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n ot a ffe c t m a t e r ia ll y th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
The
Annual r a te s
sp an b e tw e e n
in c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in t a b le A - 7 r e la t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a t e d d a tes.
o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e sh o w n , r e f le c t th e am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m on th s w hen th e t im e
s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n th s . A n nual r a t e s a re b a s e d on the a ssu m p tio n that w a g e s
a co n s t a n t r a te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffi c e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n );
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s e s A and B
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A and B

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— C on tin u ed
C o m p u t e r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ):

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g
(m e n and w o m e n ):

C a rp en ters
E le ctricia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

C o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A , B , an
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B
and C

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

U n s k ille d pla n t (m e n ):

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s fo r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a re c o m p u t e d as f o l lo w s :
1. E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e le c t e d
g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s in th e b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o co m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m ea n )
e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o ob ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d by d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e
f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt s — e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100
is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w ag e
p r o v is io n s f o r f u l l- t im e pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s '* in c lu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff ic e fu n c t io n s .
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a re e x c lu d e d f r o m m a n u fa c t u r in g , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r
r e la t e d fu n c t io n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a re e x c lu d e d .
P a r t -t im e e m p lo y e e s a re t h o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a s c h e d u le c a llin g r e g u la r ly f o r fe w e r w e e k ly h o u r s than
th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s c h e d u le f o r f u l l- t im e e m p lo y e e s in th e s a m e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o r k .
The
d e te r m in a tio n is b a s e d on th e e m p l o y e r 's d is t in c t io n b e tw e e n th e tw o g r o u p s w h ic h m a y ta k e in to
a ccou n t not on ly d i f f e r e n c e s in w o r k s c h e d u le s but d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y and b e n e fit s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a la r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is i t e d . (See
t a b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m sa m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a ve f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b ov e the
s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l , th e ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n ta t iv e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Shift d iff e r e n t ia l da ta a r e li m it e d t o fu l l- t im e pla n t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . (See
ta b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l ic y 3 f o r t o t a l plant w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e ff e c t iv e p r a c t ic e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f ie d sh ift at th e t ifn e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g v a r ie d d iff e r e n t ia l s , th e a m ount a p p ly in g t o a m a jo r it y is u se d .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g s o m e l a t e - s h if t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iff e r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s . A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift e n d s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t. A
t h ir d (n igh t) sh ift s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a jo r it y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m en t a re ta b u la te d as a pply in g t o a ll fu l l- t im e plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
(See
ta b le B - 3 .)
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f fu l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p e c te d to w o r k f o r s t r a i g h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a re t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly
as a pplying t o a ll fu l l- t im e pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su c h w o r k e r s a re e li g ib le o r m a y
ev e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s lis t e d . (S ee t a b le s B - 4 th rou g h B - 6 . ) S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in
t a b le s B - 2 th ro u g h B - 5 m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls b e c a u s e o f rou n d in g.

T h e su m m a ry o f v a c a t io n p la n s is a s t a t is t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v is i o n s r a t h e r than a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t io n o f fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e fit s . (S e e t a b le B - 5 . )
P r o v is io n s apply t o a ll plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n ts on o th er than a t im e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a rn in g s a re c o n s id e r e d eq u iv a len t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s t im a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n -s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s .
S u ch p r o v is io n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s t r ie s .
H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t
in c lu d e t h o s e (1 ) u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2 )
p r o v id e d th rou g h a union fu n d , o r (3 ) p a id d i r e c t ly b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fund s o r
f r o m a fund set a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
(S ee t a b le B - 6 . )
An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d t o h a ve
su c h a pla n i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n th ou g h l e s s than a m a jo r it y p a r t ic ip a t e
u n d e r the plan b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t .
E x c lu d e d a re
le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a il r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m it e d t o that t y p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d
c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly t o the in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su ch p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s r e q u ir in g e m p l o y e r
c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 pla ns a re in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a ll y r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w . T a b u la t io n s o f
p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a re p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d in g t o (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll pay and n o w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r
p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a ccid e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s show n o f w o r k e r s w ho
r e c e iv e e it h e r o r b oth t y p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts t o t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p l o y e e s upon the
e x p ir a t io n o f th e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til the en d o f the d i s a b i li t y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e li g ib il it y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fit s .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s
r e d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fit s p a y a b le t o the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D ata on p a id h o lid a y s a re lim it e d
t o h o lid a y s g ra n te d an n u ally on a fo r m a l b a s i s , w h ic h (1 )
a re
p r o v id e d f o r in w ritte n f o r m , o r (2 ) a re e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
(S ee ta b le B - 4 . ) H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d ev en though th e y m a y f a ll on a n o n w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not
g ra n ted a n oth er day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a rt o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n te d . T h e s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow t o t a l h o lid a y
t i m e . T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r t s th e in c id e n c e o f the m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the c o v e r a g e of b a s ic h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d i c a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p ic a l fe a t u r e s o f m a jo r m e d i c a l
p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y the in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a t u r e r e q u irin g the in s u r e d to pay a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) sta ted
d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e . g . , $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
pa y m en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . D ental in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s fi l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s . 'E x c lu d e d
a re p la n s w h ich c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e
p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's l i f e .

3 An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the following conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
* An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number of days sick leave available to each
em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .,1June 1975
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f stud y

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stud y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

Stu died

Studied

T o t a l4
N u m b er

P ercen t

F u ll - t im e
pla n t w o r k e r s

F u ll - t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

ALL D IV ISIO N S -------------------------------------------------------------

-

399

119

8 0 .1 5 0

100

4 2 ,7 1 3

9 ,5 1 2

4 7 ,6 2 9

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
----------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
SERV IC ES8 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
“

209
190

50
69

5 3 ,6 9 0
2 6 ,4 6 0

67
33

3 0 ,8 6 9
1 1 ,8 4 4

5 ,8 2 0
3 ,6 9 2

3 4 ,2 8 8
1 3 ,3 4 1

50
50
50
50
50

26
21
83
32
28

12
7
23
12
15

4 ,7 9 3
2 ,1 2 5
1 2 ,8 1 3
3 ,8 5 4
2 ,8 7 5

6
3
16
5
4

2 ,8 6 5
(6 )
<6 )
<7 )
(6 )

575
<6 )
(6 )
<6 >
<6 )

3 ,0 4 0
822
6 ,0 6 5
1 ,9 7 7
1 ,4 3 7

1 T he P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g sto n — e w b u rg h a r e a c o n s is t s o f D u t c h e s s , O ra n g e , and U ls t e r C o u n t ie s .
N
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
E s tim a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s
o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f
th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s tr ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M anual w a s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,
and m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e pla n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is d i v is i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is
n ot m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou g h data to m e r it s e p a r a t e study* (2) th e s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ a te t o p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e d i v is i o n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s f o r " a ll
in d u s t r ie s ’ ' in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f da ta is not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6.
8 H o t e ls and m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

NOTE:
T h e g e o g r a p h ic s c o p e o f p a st s u r v e y s in th e P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g ston — e w b u rg h a r e a c o n s is t e d o f D u t c h e s s ,
K
N
d o e s n ot in c lu d e P u tn a m C o u n ty .
T he e x c lu s io n o f P u tn am County h a d li t t le im p a c t on the s u r v e y r e s u lt s .

O ra n g e,

U l s t e r , .and P u tn a m C o u n tie s .

The p resen t

survey

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a gre e m e n t co v e ra g e
T h e fo llo w in g t a b u la tio n sh o w s th e p e r c e n t o f fu l l- t im e plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f
th e w o r k e r s in th e r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston — e w b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1975:
N

I n d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa ctu rin g
T w o - t h ir d s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g ston —
K
N e w b u rg h a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
In d u stry g rou p s
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l . . 3 5
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p lie s __________________________ .. 21
P r in t in g and p u b lis h in g _________ . . 6
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t il e
p rod u cts
....
_ .
_ 5

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s
O ffi c e and co m p u tin g

O ffic e w q r k e r s

45
48
35
92

10

6
16
86

28

E l e c t r o n i c co m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s __________________ . .

18

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p il e d b e f o r e a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d i v is i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y as show n in th e a p p e n d ix t a b le .




P lant w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s t r ie s _____ _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________
P u b lic u t il it i e s __________

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll plant o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that e it h e r do
not h a v e la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s that a pply to fe w e r than
h a lf o f t h e ir pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n ta t iv e o f th e
ex ten t t o w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is i o n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y
is lim it e d .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a re e m p lo y e d und er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to area .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le j o b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l co n t e n t , the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a re in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FF ICE

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s or p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n t a l t o b illin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , as f o l lo w s :

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h as p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r i fy in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M ay w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u tom a ted
a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
a ddin g m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c cu m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T he o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e
a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and co m p u t e s and u su a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d eb it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow led g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s fr o m
u n i fo r m and st a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e la t e s t o the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p i c a ll y b e c o m e s fa m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u i r e d t o h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o s it i o n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

G la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e
th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t io n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g a ctio n s t o d e t e r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o r e c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d ’ e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m il ia r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h p h a se o f th e w o r k . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (n ot in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d i s t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a ccou n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n i s t ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m ; and t o o l and die m a k e r are b e in g in t r o d u c e d th is y e a r .
T h e y a r e th e r e s u lt o f th e B u r e a u 's p o l i c y o f p e r io d ic a l ly r e v ie w in g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l
d e s c r i p t i o n s in o r d e r t o ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n ts and t o c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o
th a t th e y a r e m o r e
r e a d i ly u n d e r s t o o d and u n ifo r m ly in te r p r e t e d .
E v en th ou g h th e r e v i s e d
d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y th e s a m e o c c u p a t io n s as p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g c h a n g e s
m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f th e r e v i s io n s .
T h e n ew s in g le l e v e l
l e v e l s p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d .




d e s crip tio n

f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r is not the e q u iv a le n t o f the tw o

C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s t a n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s tin g t o l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r ly in d ic a te d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and co d in g
d o c u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M a y p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the b a s is
o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e t h is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l

L is t e d b e lo w
a re
s t e r e o t y p e s in th e t it l e s :

in d e x e s f i le m a t e r ia l su c h as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l
filin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tt e r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in co n ju n c t io n w ith th e fi l e s .
M ay
f i le c l e r k s .

re v is e d

o c c u p a t io n a l

t it l e s

in tr o d u c e d

th is

year

to

e lim in a t e

R e v is e d t it le

F o r m e r title

D r a ft e r
D r a fte r -tr a c e r
B o ile r ten d er

D ra ftsm a n
D r a ft s m a n -t r a c e r
F ir e m a n , sta tio n a ry b o il e r

sex

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i fi e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h ea d in g s
o r p a rtly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fi n e r su b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s. A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r f o r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that ha s a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s il y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s y s t e m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v i c e f i le s .
C L E R K , ORDER

• E xclusions
Not a ll p o s it io n s that a re t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
p o s it io n s w h ic h a re e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e as f o l l o w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l "

b.

S te n o g ra p h e r s n ot fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l t y p e d u tie s ;

c.
S te n o g ra p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t ^ d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

a s s is t a n t s

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any co m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g ; Q u otin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis t in g th e it e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d istr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o b e fi ll e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t
t o d e te r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo l lo w up
o r d e r s t o s e e that th ey h a ve b e e n fi l l e d , k e e p f i le o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o i c e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y da ta on the p a y r o l l s h e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g
c a lc u la t e d da ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n s u c h as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w b r k in g d a y s , t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s te r
in m a king up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

a lp h a b e tic a n d / o r n u m e r i c da ta on ta bu latin g

on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k . M a y tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo llo w s s p e c i f ie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v is o r p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M E SSE N G E R

E x a m p le s o f

t e c h n i c a l,

or

r o u tin e o r s u b ­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d i ff ic u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b le t e c h n i c a l,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a re not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l
w ork .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin it io n s fo l lo w i n g , r e f e r s t o th o s e
o f f i c i a l s w h o have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r co m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s . T h e title " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a ll y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o ^ s not in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify s u c h p o s it io n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y i s t o a ct p e r s o n a ll y
on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r den y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f a pplyin g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the c h a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t
o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the c h a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a. c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c t io n a l a ctiv ity ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t (e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s su ch as run ning e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s
su c h as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a il , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e
p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECR ETARY

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s fa ir ly in d e p e n d e n tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il , a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir e s ,
and ro u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as in s t r u c t e d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e rfo r m s

s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e and u n d e rsta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e tc.

(o r o t h e r , e q u iv a le n t

le v e l o f

C la s s C
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y i s n ot e q u iv a le n t t o
one o f the s p e c i f ic le v e l situ a tio n s in the d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t s
w h ic h a re o fte n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o ; o r

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r ­
sig n a tu r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa cto r y ,

e t c . (o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a non s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )

STEN O G RAPH E R

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c co u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )

P r i m a r y duty is t o ta k e d ic t a t io n u sin g sh orth a n d , and t o t r a n s c r ib e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s
(if p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m
r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su c h as th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
.s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin itio n a re w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x c lu d e d
a re o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y niAy a ls o o p e r a te E A M eq u ip m en t.

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d i s t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s
in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and
d i s c r e t io n a r y t a s k s as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u ir in g s o m e planning o f th e n a tu re and
s e q u e n cin g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r tra in in g lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in
the o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b il it y is li m it e d t o s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M ay m aintain

file s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su c h as in le g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y
than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i le s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s su c h as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a te b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X )
s y s t e m t o r e l a y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a ll s .
M ay p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a ll s p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a
t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (ty pin g o r rou tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r ’ s t im e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a cts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r R e c e p t io n is t .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s i n g le - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , a cts both as an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w it c h ­
b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o r k in v o lv e s such d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ;
d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to
a p p r o p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n , o r c o n ta ctin g that p e r s o n b y t e le p h o n e and a rra n g in g an
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u nd er s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as the
ta b u la t o r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition t o the s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be
r e q u ir e d t o do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g
m a c h in e s su c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r re p e t it iv e
o p e r a t io n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w ork .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty is t o t r a n » c r i b e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d icta tio n in sh orth a n d o r b y
S ten oty p e o r s i m il a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r t o m a k e out b il ls a fte r ca lc u la t io n s
h a ve b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M ay in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c il s , m a t s , o r s i m il a r m a te r ia ls fo r
u se in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l tr a in in g , s u c h as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fined f o r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n ,
p u n ctu a tion , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r un u su al w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r pla n n in g la y ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t i c a l t a b le s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M ay ty p e rou tin e
f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : C o p y ty p in g fr o m rou g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ;
o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c ; o r se ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y se t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l co m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s da ta c c c o r d in g t o
o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; loa d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq uip m ent in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and
o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t op era tin g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l
c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in t a in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te st and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
progra m .

C la s s B .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n
ru n s , t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u l a r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te stin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s ca u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e
a ctio n .
T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o t u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r run ning
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t if ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .




O p e r a t e s u n d er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r run ning p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M ay a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iff ic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g d iffic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c te d t o d e v e lo p w ork in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and a b ility t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in run ning rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly ha s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r t s sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a
se q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u to m a tic da ta p r o c e s s in g
eq u ip m en t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f da ta t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d
flo w ch a r ts t o sh o w o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a ch in e t o f o l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r
adapt t o n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f t h is is
th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s t o b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u t in e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e ff ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in , a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
At t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d iff ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s su c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n
o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts t o da ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
s u b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f da ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d ir e c t io n t o

lo w e r le v e l

progra m m ers

w ho a re

s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in put d a ta and
m u lt i p l e - u s e re q u ir e m e n t s o f output da ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s
and f o r ob ta in in g e q u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w h o a r e a s s ig n e d t o

a s s is t.

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f in put data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e outpu t da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a cco u n ts in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a l e e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W ork is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p li a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t io n s , and t o in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g out a n a ly s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a ct iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to
p r o d u c e data in t w o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m input da ta w h ic h a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g
l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iff ic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M ay g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f
s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o ro u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
da ta p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i fic a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts t o b e u se d ;
o u tlin e s a ctio n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o
m a n a g em en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and da ta flo w c h a r t s );
c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is
th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .




F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C l a s s A. P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
that d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t e r s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f th e sta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e
p o s it io n e d r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u als in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls t o b e
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il .
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t i n g o f
s t r a ig h t li n e s and a la r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s il y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on
c o m b in a t io n o f th e
c o n s t r u c t i n g , and
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y

v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m in g on e o r a
fo l lo w i n g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill t o put eq u ip m en t in r e q u i r e d o p e r a tin g co n d it io n .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e ., th o s e
that . t y p i c a ll y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r ly in te r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m il ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o ls and te stin g
in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u it s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f
th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but i s n ot lim it e d t o , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g
and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v i s io n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig it a l and a n a log c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u rin g and c o n t r o llin g e q u ip m e n t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts . M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a ir m e n o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f ic e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d i o and t e le v i s io n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a ve a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

G la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r rou tin e t a s k s in w ork in g
on e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s s u c h t a s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su c h a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g sim p le e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t;
and usin g t o o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , m u lt i m e t e r s , a u dio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is n ot r e q u i r e d t o b e fa m il ia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u it s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it i o n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C l a s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e u n u su ally c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e that t y p i c a ll y ca n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y
r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g
ch a n g e s.
W o r k in v o l v e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e in te r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly usin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts ' ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o rk m a y b e re v ie w e d b y
c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce t o lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W ork
is t y p i c a ll y sp o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w hen n ew o r a d v a n c e d a ssig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .
N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g i s t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a f a c t o r y o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f the fo l lo w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id t o the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; atten din g t o s u b se q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a t e d ;
p r e p a r in g a ccid e r it r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g hea lth
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o t h e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h ea lth ,
w e lf a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l . N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g
m o r e than on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A I N T E N A N C E A N D PO W E R P L A N T
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f ic o r
g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k il l, s u c h as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; cle a n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r fo r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d t o su p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l iz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
f u l l- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g ; P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
s h o p co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d i m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su c h as the in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : I n s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t
s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its,
c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g
s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the
m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o su p p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d it i o n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v en tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r
c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .




M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than on e ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) t o m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s ,
fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p li c a t e d setu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g
up m a ch in e t o o l o r t o o ls ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju st g u id e s , s t o p s , w o rk in g t a b l e s , and o th e r
c o n t r o ls t o h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and
o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n t o a ch ie v e
r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting
and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , t o r e c o g n i z e w hen t o o ls n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m , at th e s k il l le v e l c a ll e d f o r in t h is c l a s s i fic a t i o n r e q u ir e s
e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h c o n s id e r a b le
o n - t h e - jo b t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l
o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l - a n d - d i e jo b b in g sh o p s .

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : in te r p r e t in g w ritten
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools
and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g s t a n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ; sh a pin g o f m e ta l

p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u t a t io n s re la tin g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g ,
f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r t h is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to
m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s th e
fo l lo w i n g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d fo r d iff e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r pa in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a pply in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r
paint in g r e d ie n t s t o ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n ce )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h ten in g b od y
b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n d o e s n o t in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile
r e p a i r sh op s.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g
the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r sen d in g o f th e m a c h in e t o a m a ch in e sh op
f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c i fic a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s
o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts fo r
o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d fr o m
th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e se ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n sta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea vy
eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g e s in the plant la y o u t a re r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s , str e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g .sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and
p a r t s t o be u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n eq u ip m en t 's u ch as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m i l lw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s t a lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f
p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o rc h ; o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d ie s ; b en d in g pipe b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa ste n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , fl o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fi n is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f the m a in te n a n ce p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly
e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u c h
as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t -m e te d w ork in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g ,
f o r m in g , sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e ’ u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in
sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m eted o r n o n -m e t a ll ic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W ork
t y p ic a lly in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r
w ritte n o r o r a l s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
sh o p co m p u ta tio n ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g m e ta l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l it i e s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k
r e q u i r e s rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or eq u iv a le n t t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w ag e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c lu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ).

C U S T O D I A L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G U A R D AND W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a rm s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w h o a re s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on
id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s a re e x c l u d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and il le g a l e n t r y .

M a k es rou n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , t h e ft ,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y co n d it io n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r
r e f u s e ; du sting e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fi x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix t u r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g
s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c i fic a t i o n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s fi ll e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t su p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .
P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s fo r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f un its t o b e
p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s
in sh ip p in g co n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f

s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g
e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l t o p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and
s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e
w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a re e x clu d e d .

fo l lo w s :

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , eq u ip m e n t,
o r m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s su ch a s: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s ,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s '
h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k w ith o r w ithout h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r
m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r -s a le s m e n and o v e r - t h e - r o a d
d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 t o and in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ippin g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n ow led g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w eig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a fi le o f sh ipp in g
r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s :
V e r ify in g o r d i r e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a ga in st b il ls o f la d in g , in v o i c e s ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g ed g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i le s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e ra t e d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

TR U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o li n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo l lo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k li f t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e an u n d ersta n d in g o f
th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g m a te r ia ls in
a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s t o r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a r e h o u s in g d u ties.
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e sh ipp in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g ( s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r t r u c k s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
T he fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y fo r u se in a d m in is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f
any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J.
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r th u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
B o i s e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t.—N .Y .
C ape C od, M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e —G a s t o n ia , N .C .
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .— y .
K
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D oth an , A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex .
E u g en e—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la .
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W. V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d I s la n d -H a s t in g s , N e b r.
G r e a t F a l ls , M on t.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H untington— s h la n d , W. V a .—K y .— h io
A
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w ton , O k la .
L im a , O h io
L ittle R o c k —N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

1965.

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e o r w il l b e a v a ila b le

at n o c o s t

w h ile

s u p p lie s la s t

fr o m

L ogan s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — l y r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.—V a .— e l.
D
L y n c h b u rg , Va.
M a co n , G a.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r i—E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g en —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — la m ath F a ils —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a sh v ille —D a v id so n , T en n .
N ew B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew L ondon—N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N orth D a k ota , State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard—
Sim i V a lle y —V en tu ra , C a lif.
P an a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a rie tta , W. V a.—O hio
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a l ls , Idaho
P o rts m o u th , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R ich la n d — en n ew ick —W alla W alla—
K
P e n d le to n , W a sh .—O re g .
R iv e r sid e—San B e r n a r d in o —O n ta r io , C a lif.
S a lin a, K a n s.
S a lin as—S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Sandusk y, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S iou x F a l ls , S. D ak.
Spok an e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld -C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .— o n n .
C
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T am pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la.
V a lle jo —F a i r fi e ld —N apa, C a lif.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a l ls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g ton , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

An an n u al r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 83 7, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in i s t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 97 4, $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton , D .C . 2 04 02 .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin su p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u c t e d at the r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in i s t r a t io n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .
B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p le m e n ts m a y be
o b ta in e d w ith o u t cos t> w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e *
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1974 ______________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y . , S ep t. 1975 *___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 , $ 1 .2 0
S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1974 2 ________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
A lle n t o w n -B e t h le h e m -E a s t o n , P a .— .J ., M a y 1974 2____________________________________ S u p p l.
N
F ree
A n a h e im —
Santa Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1974 1 _________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -9 , 85 c e n t s
A t la n t a , G a ., M a y 1975 1____________________________________ _________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
A u s t in , T e x . , D e c . 1974 ____ _________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
B a lt i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1975 1_________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 , $ 1 .3 0
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r th u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2----------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
P
F ree
B i ll in g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 ce n ts
B in g h a m to n , N . Y ^ P a . , J u ly 1975 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 cen ts
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 __ 1 ______________________________ ____________________________ S u p p l.
_
F ree
B o i s e C it y , I d a h o , N o v . 1973 2______________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
B o s t o n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 *1_________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .0 5
B u f fa lo , N .Y ., O c t . 19741______________________________________________________________ _______S u p p l.
F ree
B u r lin g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1973 2__________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 5 __ 1__________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
_
F ree
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a ., M a r . 1974 2____________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C h a r l o t t e , N .C ., J a n . 1974 2_________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t. 1975 *|______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 c e n t s
C h i c a g o , m . . M a y 1975 _________________ .-___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 , 85 c e n t s
C in c in n a t i, O h io — y .—I n d ., F e b . 1975 ------ --------------------------------------- ---------------------------------- S u pp l.
K
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 19751______ -__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 , $ 1 .3 0
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1974'__________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x . , J u ly 197$____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 c e n t s
F ree
D a l la s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 3 2-------------------- -- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 * -------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla n d — o l in e , Iow a —
R
M
111., F e b . 1975 ---------------------------------------------------- S upp l.
F ree
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1974*1._____ -_____________________________________ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 4 , 80 c e n t s
D ay ton a B e a c h , F la ., A u g . 19751____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 c e n ts
D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1973 2 _________...----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u pp l.
F ree
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r * C o l o ., D e c . 1974 1________________ —
—— —— — - —
-------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 5 , 85 c e n t s
D es M o i n e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
F ree
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., M a r . 19751-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------- 1 8 5 0 -2 2 , 85 c e n t s
D u r h a m , N .C ., D e c . 1973 2 __________________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -9 , 65 c e n t s
F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d a n d W e st P a lm B e a c h —B o c a R a ton , F la .,
H
A p r . 1975 V ____________________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 c e n t s
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1973 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1975 *....................... ...................................................................... ...... ...................... 1 8 5 0 -6 1 , $ 1 .2 0
G a i n e s v il le , F l a . , S ep t. 1975,________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $ 1 .1 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1975 *1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 c e n t s
G r e e n s b o r o —W in s t o n -S a le m — ig h P o in t , N .C ., A u g . 1975--------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 c e n t s
H
G r e e n v il le , S . C . , June 1975|------------------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 c e n ts
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975*!________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 c e n t s
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1975 ,---- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S upp l.
F ree
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1975 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S upp l.
F ree
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t . 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 , 95 c e n t s
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1975 ----- ,----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u pp l.
F ree
J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , D e c . 1974 ----- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ S upp l.
F ree
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t. 1 9 7 5 ------ r --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 c e n t s
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i ll , M a s s .- N . H . , J u n e '1974 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
H
F ree
L e x i n g t o n -F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1974|_____________________________________ ___________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L it t le R o c k -N o r t h L it t le R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------------------ S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 4 -------------------------------------------------------- . ----------- Suppl.
F ree
L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e im —Santa Ana—G a rd en
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1973 2__________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—In d ., N o v . 1974 *)---------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -1 2 , 80 c e n t s
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1973 2----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- S u p p l.
F ree
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

M e lb o u r n e — it u s v i ll e —C o c o a , F la ., A u g . 1975 __________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
T
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k .—M i s s . , N ov . 1974__________________________________________________S uppl.
A
M ia m i, F la ., O c t . 1 974 1_____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J an. 1974 2____________________________________________________Suppl.
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1975 11_ _____ _______________________________ _____ __ ________ _______ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 ,
_
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., J an. 1975 1_________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 0 ,
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h ., June 1974 2_______________________________________ Suppl.
M
N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1___________________________________ ________ ____________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 ,
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., J an. 1975 M
___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 8 ,
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., J an. 1974 2_______________________________________________ Suppl.
N ew H a v e n , C o n n ., J an . 1974 2 _____________________________ _____ _____ ____________________ Suppl.
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J an . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________ _____ ____________ Suppl.
1
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N . J ., M ay 1975 1............................. .............................................................................. 1 8 5 0 -4 5 ,
N ew Y o r k and N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 _______________________________________ Suppl.
S
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________ '1 8 5 0 -2 9 ,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—H a m pton , V a ., M ay 1975— 1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ,1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
O k la h om a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1975 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 ,
I
O m a h a , N e b r .— o w a , O c t . 1 9 7 5 ___ _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1975 1____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1975 _________________________ ______ _________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 _______________________________________________ ____ ____________ S u pp l.
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J an . 1975 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------ -------------- S upp l.
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v . 1974 ____ ____________________________________________________________ S upp l.
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1975 _______________________________________ _________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y . 1 3 _______ ______ ________________________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston —N e w b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1975 1 ________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
P r o v id e n c e —W a r w ic k — a w tu ck e t, R .I .— a s s ., June 1975 __________ ____ _______________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 ,
P
M
R a le ig h , N .C ., D e c . 1973 1 2_____________________ ____ __________________________________ ____ 1 7 9 5 -7 ,
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________ ____ ___________ Suppl.
D
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1975 ...... ................................................... ........................................ .......... ........... 1 8 5 0 -4 1 ,
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a li f ., D e c . 1973 2________________________________Suppl.
O
R o c k f o r d , 111., June
1974 2_______________ _________________________________________________ S upp l.
111.,
M a r . 1975 __________________________ ______ ___________________________S upp l.
St. L o u is , M o .—
S a cra m e n to , C a lif.,
D e c . 1974 1___ ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 9 ,
S a g in a w , M i c h ., N o v . 1974 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 6 ,
\
S a lt L a k e C ity — g d e n , U tah, N ov . 1 9 7 4 __________________________________________________ S upp l.
O
San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1975 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 ,
San D ie g o , C a li f ., N o v . 1974 1___________ ____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 3 ,
1
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f ., M a r . 1975 1_____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 5 ,
O
San J o s e , C a li f ., M a r . 1975 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 6 ,
S a va n n a h , G a ., M a y
1974 2_________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
S c r a n t o n , P a ., J u ly 1973 1 2 — _______________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -3 ,
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., J an. 1975 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
E
S io u x F a l l s , S . D a k ., D e c . 1973 2 __________________________________________________________ S upp l.
South B e n d , In d ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________Suppl.
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J une 1974 2|
_______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 ______________________________ _____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 ,
T am pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1973 2 ________________________________________________ S upp l.
T o le d o , O h io— i c h . , M a y 1975 1!______________________ ____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 ,
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S e p t. 1975 V --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
W a sh in g to n , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1975 1__________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 1 ,
M
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1974 2______ ______________________________________________________Suppl.
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N ov . 1973 1 2_______________________________________________________________ 1 7 9 5 -5 ,
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty , N .Y ., M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 6 _____ ____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- ----------------- ----- 1 8 5 0 -2 4 ,
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1975 1 ------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 2 ,
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1973 2----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
W

65 ce n ts
F re e
F ree
F ree
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 5
F ree
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
F re e
F re e
F ree
$ 1.10
F ree
65 ce n ts
65 c e n t s
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1.10
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
F re e
F ree
F ree
75 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
F ree
65 ce n ts
F re e
F re e
F ree
80 c e n t s
75 c e n t s
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65 c e n t s
80 c e n t s
$ 1.00
85 ce n ts
F ree
55 ce n ts
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
65 ce n ts
F ree
80 ce n ts
$ 1.20
$ 1.00
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60 c e n t s
80 c e n t s
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80 ce n ts
80 c e n t s
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THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR

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PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

BUREAU OF LABO R S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
R egion I

R e gion II

160 3 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7)

S u ite 3 4 0 0
1 51 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 21 2 )

C o n n e c tic u t
M aine
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p s h ire
R h o d e Is la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N ew Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

R egion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago, ill. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 - 1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 31 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W isconsin




R e gion V I

R egion IV

R e gion I II
P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V ir g in ia
W est V ir g in ia

R e gions V I I a n o V I I I

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r if f in S q uare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 75 2 02
P h o n e :7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 21 4 )

F ed era l O ff ic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 (A re a C o d e 8 1 6 )

L o u is ia n a
Jew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texa s

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 54 0
13 71 Peachtree St. N .E .
A tla n ta , Ga. 30 309
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C o de 4 0 4 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M ississippi
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
Tennessee
R egions IX a n d X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 3 601 7
San F ran c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 41 5 )
IX
A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

X
A laska
Id a h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n