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AREA WAGE SURVEY
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N e w Y o r k ,
June 1972

Bulletin 1725-80
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1 8 8 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Regions V II and VI11 will be serviced by Kansas City.
• • Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 8 0
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 2

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
B U R EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n —N e w b u rg h , N e w Y o r k , J u n e 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page
1.

I n tr o d u c ti o n
T a b les:
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i th i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f i c e oc c u p a tio n s —w o m e n
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s — e n and w o m e n
m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s — e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d
m
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

B.

4.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m entran ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s
B - 2 . Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
B - 3 . Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and days
B -4 . P a id holidays
B - 5 . P a id vacations
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p lans

5.

6.
6.
7,
8.

9.
10.
11
12.

.

13.
16.
19.

Appendix.

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 —Price 35 cents

Preface
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e data
on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data by s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f the a r e a s stu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r
the Un ited S ta te s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s the n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a t i o n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2 ) the s t r u c t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n p r e ­
sents th e r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u lle tin s
f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s stu d ied into one b u lle tin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i ­
v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
Un ited State s .
N i n e t y - f o u r a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o g r a m . In
eac h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d an nuall y
and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
bien n ia lly.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in P o u g h k e e p s i e —
K i n g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , in June 1972. T h e a r e a c o n s i s t s o f D u tc h es s ,
O r a n g e , P u tn a m , and U l s t e r C o u n t i e s . T h i s study w as c o n d u cted b y the
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , u n der th e g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
tio n o f A l v i n I. M a r g u l i s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s .




Note:
S im ila r
back c o v e r . )

rep o rts are availab le fo r other are a s .

(S e e i n s i d e

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b ­
ta i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c t u r i n g ;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
b e c a u s e th e y te nd to fu r n is h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s
stu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c ti o n b on uses a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r ou n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a ve been
roun ded t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . T o
o b ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is stu died. In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t. E s t i ­
m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the in d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e stu died.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n ge s in w a g e s and
em p lo ym en t patterns. F o r exam ple, p ro p ortion s o f w o rk e rs em p lo yed
by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c han ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s hifts in e m p l o y m e n t c ould d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p s , shown in t a b le 2, a r e
b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than i n d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in du tie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d i c a te d ,
the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r all i n d u s t r i e s c o m ­
b ine d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a ti o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d
in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a ­
t i o n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
E a r n i n g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d
in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data , w h e r e sho wn.
L i k e w i s e , data a r e
in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not sho wn o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y
is not a v a i l a b l e .

The a v e ra g e s presented r e fle c t com p osite, areaw id e e s ti­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f f i n g and, thus, c o n tr ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p ay r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d am on g j o b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s within
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in pay f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the ac tual
r a t e s paid i n c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c duties
p e r f o r m e d , althou gh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y with in
the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e
u s e d in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These
areas are Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l
West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y .
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N . Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am o n g
more limited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta ined
the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n l y to in d i c a te
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (i n th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th e y
r e l a t e to p l a n t - and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D ata f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c l u d e d in th e e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
e r s ( in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff i c e fu n c tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu n c ti o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s
and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but in c lu d e d
in n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p ti m u m
s a m p l i n g te c h n i q u e s us e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Sh if t d i f f e r e n t i a l data ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to t a l p lan tw o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s hift at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am ount
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w as u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f i t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d ay s (ta b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as
a p p l y i n g to a l l o f th e p l a n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d ays a r e t h o s e w h i c h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l ­
t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th ey w e r e p aid f o r at
stra igh t-tim e or o v e r tim e rates.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n pla ns ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h ro u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the
b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p l a n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a

m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i fy f o r
the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . Su ms o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 th rough
B - 6 m a y not eq u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f rou n d in g.
Data on p aid h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on h o l i ­
d ay s g r a n t e d an n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in
w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m . H o l i d a y s o r d i ­
n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n though th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y
and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d ay o f f . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the
p a id h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s
actu ally granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf h o l i d a y s
to s ho w to t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s (ta b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
statistical m e a s u re of vacatio n p ro v is io n s .
It is not in ten d ed as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
fits.
P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la te d as a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p ay. O n ly b a s i c p lans a r e i n c lu d e d . E s t i m a t e s e x ­
c lu d e v a c a t i o n bonus and v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and t h o s e w h ich o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c plans w ith q u a l i fy i n g
le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . Such e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m ,
and can i n d u s t r i e s .
Data on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s (ta b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p lans f o r w h ic h the e m p l o y e r p ay s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c ost. Such p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a union fund o r p aid d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a p lan i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n de r th e plan,
e v e n i f l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d the c o s t o f th e plan. L e g a l l y r e ­
q u i r e d p l a n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and
r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e excluded.
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that typ e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n de r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b ­
u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich h a v e e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u ­
t i o n s , 3 p lan s a r e in c l u d e d o n l y i f th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e
th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s
w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a id s i c k

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
3
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or ( 2 ) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3
l e a v e p la ns a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l pla ns 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a
p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f
illn e s s .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) plans
w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ic h p r o ­
v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n ­
t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and
a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an u n du p lic ated to t a l i s shown
o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

the d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e m e n t b e n e f i t s .
P a y m e n t s m a y be at f u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y but a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e ­
d uced b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n
b e n e f i t s p a y a b l e to th e d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in c l u d e s t h o s e p lans w h ich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lans p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y p la ns p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to t o t a l l y d i s ­
plete or p a rtia l payment of d o c to rs ' fe e s .
D e n ta l i n s u r a n c e u s u a l l y
a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon th e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k l e a v e an d/ or
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e plans w h ich
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r acciden t d a m a ge.
P l a n s m a y be u n d e r ­
d is a b ility (t y p ic a lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e un til the end o f
w r itte n by c o m m e r i c a l in su ran ce com p an ies o r n onprofit o rg a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the mini­ th is p u r p o s e . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e plans that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f the
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
w o r k e r 's life .
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




4

T ab le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in P o u g h k e e p sie —K in g s to n —N e w b u rg h , N .Y .,1
by m ajor industry d iv is io n / June 1 9 7 2
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Stu d ied
T o ta l4

S tu d ied

P la n t
N u m ber

A l l d iv is io n s

_____

_

_____ _
_

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________ _ __ _____
___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ ..
_ __
____ ______
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5___________ __ ___________
_
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____ _______________ ____________ ___
R e t a il t r a d e ______________
_____ _ ____ —
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _
_
S e r v ic e s 8______________
___ ___ ___ _____________

.
50
-

50
50
50
50
50

O f f ic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

330

8Z

69, 694

100

4 Z .4 4 3

9. 008

4 0 ,3 3 0

184
146

3Z
50

4 6 ,9 3 1
Z Z , 763

67
33

Z7, 154
15,289

5, 758
3, 250

28, 293
1 2 ,0 3 7

Z4
18
56
Z3
Z5

13
5
14
8
10

5, 739
1, 7Z9
9 ,5 9 5
Z, 844
Z, 856

8
3
14
4
4

4 , 128

672

4 ,3 8 5
671
4 ,6 7 0
1 ,213
1 ,0 9 8

(‘ )
(6 )
( 7)
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6)

1 The Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
Newburgh area consists of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, and U lster Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other
employment indexes fo r the area to measure employment trends or levels since ( 1 ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll
period studied, and (Z) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .

A l l o u tle ts

(w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,

4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r " a ll industries" in the Series B tables.

Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (Z) the sample was not
designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the rea l estate portion only in estimates
fo r " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Seven-tenths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
Newburgh area w ere employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the m ajor
industry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Machinery, except e le c tr ic a l— 35
E lectrical equipment and
supplies______________________ Z4
Apparel and other textile
products___________ .__________ 7
Printing and publishing_______ 6

Specific industries
O ffice and computing
machines___________ ___________Z9
Electronic components and
accessories_________ __________ 19

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled p rior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
d iffer from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

5

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o ccu p atio n s—w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis b y in d u stry d iv is io n , Pou gh keepsie—K in gston -N ew bu rgh , N .Y ., June 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
woikeif

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs
*

S

t

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING.
MA NUFACTURING --NO NMANUFACTURING

Middle range2

*

T
i

*

i

i

*

*

i

$

i

t

t

$

$

i

S

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

100

190

200

210

220

230

240

25C

80

85

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

13

~

—

-

-

l
—

-

-

—

—

1
—

—
—

_
-

1
1

—

-

-

—

24
23
23

and
under

$
3 9 .0
1 3 8 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 3 5 .0 0 1 3 4 .0 0

$
$
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

109 .5 0 111.50
1 1 6 .5 0 1 2 1 .0 0
103 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

_
-

8 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0

_

16
16

10
10

_

-

o

34
26

Median2

+
O
O

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------

Mean*

75

75

S e x , occu pation, and in du stry d ivisio n

70

131
62
68

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

98
82

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ---------

129
32

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

136.00 1 4 1 .0 0
123 .5 0 1 2 2 .0 0

114.50-^158.50
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

_

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

122
43
79

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

104.50 1 0 2 .5 0
106. 50 103 .0 0
1 0 3.50 1 0 2 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

_
—

SECRETARIES
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES

777
14C
40

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

165 .0 0 1 6 8.50
1 3 1 .0 0 1 2 9 .0 0
1 4 5.50 134 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

CLERKS. FILE. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

9 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

_
—

30
29

3 9 .5 1 8 1.00 1 8 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 0 6 .5 0 2 0 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0
136.00— 3 9 .0 0
2

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0
NONMANUFACTURING ---

68
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 1 5.00 1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0

_

6

1

-

-

—

-

-

—

—

-

—

—

-

—

-

—

30
7
23

34
17
17

6

2

17
5

5

24

4

9

6
3

13
1

8

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

132
3
2

6

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

24
5

-

17
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

11

11

18
28

5

8
8
“

26
11
5

29
18
2

8
1

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

44
26

9

17
4

2

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL

11
9

1
-

_

-

_

1

_

-

8
8

142

4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

-

-

68
34

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

4
4

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 8 .5 0
108 .5 0 1 0 d .5 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

-

_

-

3 9 .5 1 07. 00 1 0 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 1 .5 0 1 0 2 .0 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

_

_

2

—

2
—

6
—

1
—

4
3

74
2

39

47
l
1

6
1

6

8
8

-

l
-

1
1

-

-

40

12

5

1

-

-

-

42
l

-

1
1

2
6

-

2
-

-

6
1

-

-

9
-

-

1
—

-

13
-

-

1
—

-

*

90
65

146
9
3

23
9

_

TYPISTS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING

63
13
2

a

56
33

8
-

34
5
3

-

2

-

3
-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPT10NISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------

-

57
24
9

8
6

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS B --NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------

-

41
30
6

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




l

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
6
27
23

19
17

20
18

2

—

7

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

6
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P o u gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew b u rgh , N .Y ., June 1972)
N
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

S ex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

N u m b er o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of
105

hours1

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

[standard)

$

$

i

$
Average
weekly

110

115

*
120

$

t
125

130

$
135

$
140

*
145

t

*
150

155

*
lo O

»
165

»
170

%

*
ld O

190

$

$

200

210

$
220

and
under
110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

190

2

25

21

200

210

220

1

l
1

230

MEN
$

DRAFFSMENf GLASS B

83

$

$

1 7 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 7 4 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

$
2

1 5 4 .5 0 -

1 3 3 .5 0

-

7

-

-

1 8 5 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0 -

DRAFTSMEN * GLASS G

11

22

WOMEN

33

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0

1 L 7 .5 0 - 1 4 * . 50

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , professio n al, and tech n ical o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en com bined

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis b y in d u stry d iv is io n , P o u gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew b u rgh , N .Y ., June 1972)
N
Average

Average

j

O ccupation and indu stry d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

55
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 8 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

135
63
72

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 9 .0 0
l 16.50
1 0 2 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

98
82

3 9 .U
3 8 .5

9 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

MESSENGERS (O FFIC E BUYS ANO G IR L S )-

45

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1lo .0 U

-------------------------------------------

45

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

130
32

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

PAYROLL

780
140
40

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

44
26

3 9 .5 1 8 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 0 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES,

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------NUNMANUFACTUR1NG ----------------------------------

S E C R E TA R IE S -----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURINO --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

66
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 1 5.00
1 0 9 .0 0

L42

1 1 7 .5 0

6b
34

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

CLASS 0 --------------------n u n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------

O c cu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 6 --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

See footn ote at end o f tables.




123
43
80

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

GENERAL ---------------------

SNITCH8UARD OPERATORS, CLASs B ------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0

Sw it c h b o a r d u p c R A Iu r - r e c e p t i u n i s r s M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

56

4 0.0

$
1 0 8 .0 0

33

4 0.0

1 0 8 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS b
MANUFACTURING

90

3 9.5

1 0 7 .0 0

65

4 0.0

1 0 1 .5 0

1 72 .0 0

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTsM LN,

STENOGRAPHERS,

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS
CLEKKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

CLERKS,

Average

Number
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
standard) (standard)

*
o
c

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

230

and

ULASS

B ------------------------------------

83

4 0.0

m a n u f a c tu r in g

-----------------------------------------

80

4 0.0

1 7 0 .0 0

C

44

4U .0
3 9.5

1 25 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN,

u L A jS

m an u f ac tu r in g

------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

1 2 1 .5 0

over

7
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o ccu p atio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Poughkeepsie—
Kingstoir-Newburgh, N.Y., June 1972)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e lo u r ly earn in gs of—

Hourly earnings3

i
S e x , occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

4

$
. oU 4 .9 0

*
$
3 .0 0 5 .1 0

$
5 .2 0

3
5 .4 0

$

4 . 50

$
4 .7 0

>

4 .3 0

$
4 .6 0

i

4 . 10

$
4 .4 0

*

4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

S

3 .8 0

$
3 . 90

5.60

5 .80

6 .0 0

i
6 .2 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4.

00

4 . 10

4 .20

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 . 50

4 . 60

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4

.9 0

5 .1 0

b .4 0 5 .o 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0 6 .2 0

over

5
5

2

4

-

2

4

5

-

$

TTnrW 3 . 6 0
$
and
3 . 6 0 under
3 .7 0

s

3 . 70

%

3

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

HEN
$
4 .2 7

$
3.95
3 .9 3

$
3 .7 4 -

$
5 .2 4

3 .7 3 -

5 .2 2

*5
5

4 .3 6

4 .2 8

4 .3 1

4 .2 7

4 .1 5 4 .1 4 -

4 .5 9
4 .5 7

4

4 .3 2

4 .U 4

3 .8 0 -

4 .9 4

4 .3 2

4 .0 4

3 .8 0 -

4 .9 4

12
12

6
6

4 .6 5

4 .2 7 -

3 .1 8

-

-

4 .6 5

4 .2 7 -

5 .1 8

~

*15
14

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

27
25

E LE C TR IC IAN S, M AINTENANCE--------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

66
63

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROUM —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

118

lid
64

4 .6 9
4 .6 9

4 .1 7

M ACH INISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

64

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ----------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUbLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

75

4 .1 5

3 .9 9

3 .7 9 -

4 .4 5

67
45

4 .1 5
4 .3 2

3 .9 5
4 .1 8

3 .7 8 3 .5 8 -

4 .3 9
4 .8 6

5 .2 7
3 .2 7

b .4 b

4 .9 3 -

5 .7 1

5 .4 5

4 .9 3 -

5 .7 1

TOUL AND OIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- *

* All workers were at $ 3.50 to $ 3.60.
See footnotes at end of tables.




m

101

4

—

-

b
12
12

4

-

4
18

8

17
17

8

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

”

~

4

14

-

4

14

_

_

8
8

_

—

-

12

2

-

12
12

-

-

-

-

—

~

-

—

—

5
5

9
9

-

2
2

5
5

8

4

8

3

8

4

8

8
8

-

4

-

11

5

-

_

—

5

22
22

5
4

—

2
2

-

~

8
8

_

2
2

7
7

18

14
-

—

~

11

2

1
1

2
2
20

1

20

l

_

1

-

12
12

7
7

7
7

2

2

—

—

—

—

”

-

b

~

b

b
b

9

o

1

3

9

6

1

1

1

-

12

1

-

1

2
2

~

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

28

39

28

39

23
23

b
5

6
6

“

-

—

12

o

6

1
1

2
2

1
1

_

_

-

-

1

2
2
2

-

2
2
2

i
i

25
25

13
13

7
7

1

-

-

_

-

i
i

i

~

_

i

3

8
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto dial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis by indu stry d iv is io n , P ou gh keepsie—Kingston—N ew burgh, N .Y ., June 1972)
N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs of—

Hourly earnings3

Middle range 2

$

»

t

$

$

*

t

t

S

*

$

*

*

S

s

*

*

s

t

$

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .20

2 .3 0

2.40

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3.00

3 .2 0

3 . 40

3 .6 0

3 . 80

4.00

4.20

4 .40

4 .6 0

4.80

5 .00

5.20

5 .4 0

2.00

2.10

2 .2 0

2 .30

2 .4 0

2 .50

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3.20

3 .4 0

3 . 60

3 .80

4 .2 0

4.40

4 .8 0

5.00

5 .2 0

5 .40

5 .6 0

10

14

10

25

22

4

6

-

14

13

9

3

13

11
11

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

2

I

i

1

-

and
under
1.90

o
c

Median2

$

1.80
Mean 2

$

Q
O
T

S ex , occupation, and industry d ivisio n

t

Number
of

MEN

372

$
2 .5 9

$
2 .2 0

$
$
2 .1 0 - 3 .0 9

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------MANUEACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

468
129
339
31

2 .7 3
2 .8 5
2 .6 8
3 .4 3

2 .8 6
2 .8 7
2 .8 6
3 .4 5

2 .3 0 2 .6 2 2 .1 9 3 .0 9 -

LABORERS, MATERIAL H ANDLING-----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

204
162

2 .6 5
2 .6 8

2 .5 8
2 .6 4

2 . 2 6 - 2 .7 9
2 .3 2 - 2 .8 7

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

82
82

3 .2 2
3 .2 2

3 .3 5
3 .3 5

3 .0 5 - 3 .4 8
3 .0 5 - 3 .4 8

RECEIVING CLERKS

---------------------------------------------

37

2 .9 9

3 .2 9

2 . 1 2 - 3 .6 8

SHIPPING C LE R K S ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

37
37

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

3 .3 1
3 .3 1

2 . 8 9 - 3 .4 1
2 .8 9 - 3 .4 1

3 • 23

2* 76

2 . 4 3 - 3 .7 5

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN

SHIPPING

AND

-------------------------------------

RECEIVING

CLE RK S

------------

3 .0 7
3 .0 6
3 .0 7
3 .9 2

TRUCKORIVERS ---------------------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTUKING -------------------------------------

381
308

3 .9 9
4 .2 3

3 .5 8
3 .8 2

3 .2 0 - 5 .4 2
3 .4 7- 5 .4 4

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T U N S ! --------------------------------------------------

1 09

2 .9 8

3 .0 3

2 .5 7 - 3 .4 1

TRUCKURIVERS, MEDIUM l 1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TUNS) ------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

76
71

3 .3 8
3 .4 0

3 .5 3
3 .5 4

2 . 3 9 - 3 .6 0
2 .3 6 - 3 .5 9

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TUNS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

165
160

5 .0 4
5 .0 2

5 .4 3
5 .4 3

135
83

3 .3 8
3 .5 0

3 .4 6
3 .4 8

2 .9 1 - 3 .8 3
2 .9 8 - 3 .8 8

46

2 .6 4

2 .7 3

2 .4 8 - 3 .0 1

2

90

95

25

20

15

15

11

2

4

8

15

8

13
11

29
7

50
26

32
15

183
43

2

22

17

~

“

24
1

140
10

-

-

50
9

22

8

41

15

22
2
20

“

“

“

~

“

-

16

-

8

-

9

33

16

-

27

5

33

12

*

21

_

_

9

48
48

9

_

8
8

10
10

16
16

12
12

22
22

22
22

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS -----

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

6

_

_

-

-

-

-

9

7
7

124
119

11
11
5

-

-

7

_

5

5

5

“

5

5

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

4

5
5

8

-

5
5

2
2

16
16

9

4

11

9

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

*0

11
6

6
6

18
13

19

22
22

16
16

3
3

8
8

i
L

2

_

_

1

84
84

u

-

12

18

28

2
2

8
6

_

_

•

8

4

-

S

_

~

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

5

'
40

-

-

5

_

_

~

15
15

5

~

~

_

6
6

5

_

“

9

28
28

_

_

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

20
6

25
18

4
4

13

3

12

WOMEN

JANITORS,

-

-

-

6

-

~

—
-

5 .1 0 - 5 .4 7
4 . 7 6 - 5 .4 7

TRUCKERS, POWER lF O R K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2
22

2

3

-

-

5

1

-

7

6

10

6

10

16

_

_

16

-

-

24

24
24

5

10
10

5

2

“

_

_

“

i
i

2
2

-

-

7
7

_

_

_

_

124

-

-

-

11 9

-

_

-

_

9

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

T a b le B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o r k e rs

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women officeworkers, Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1972)
Other inexperienced clerical workers 5

Inexperienced typists

Minimum weekly straight-time salary4

All
schedules

Establishments studied----------------------------------------

82

32

15
$7<5,nn anrf

A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

All
industries

7

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

40

XXX

7

A ll
schedules

50
8

1

1

5

1

3
1

1

3
1

1
1

1

2

40

All
schedules

82

32

XXX

50

XXX

24

8

8

16

11

2
1
3
1
4

XXX

1

6
2
1

A ll
schedules

1

1

1

40

$77,tin
1

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

1
1

6
2
2

3

2

2

1
34

14

20

24

10

14

Establishments which did not employ workers
61

See footnotes at end o f ta b le s.




21

40

40

XXX




S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

T a b le B - 2

(Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y., June 1972)
(A ll plantworkers in manufacturing =100 percent)
Percent of manufacturing plantworkers—
In establishments having provisions 7
for late shifts

Late-shift pay provision

Second shift

T otal— . —

_ —

75.6

No pay differential for work on late sh ift___
Pay differential for work on late shift________

3.4

Third or other
shift

54.7
-

Actually working on late shifts
Second shift

Third or other
shift

13.0

2.0

1 .5

-

72.2

54.7

11.5

2.0

29-6

19-9

5.7

1.4

2.9

2-9
6.1
4.4

.8
3.3
.1
.2
■
9
.1

.2
.5
.1
.1
-

Type and amount of differential:
Uniform cents (per hour). ___

___

4 cents____
_
_ __
7 cents
_ _ ,. _
_ __
10 r e n t s
----..
15 cents--- -17 cents. __ ___
_ __
18% cents________ __ ___ ___
—
Z0 cents____
. ..
2 3 cents________________ ___
_ ___
____ ____________
24 cents----- _ —
25 cents—
____ __
__
__ _ _
30 cents. ___ __
32 cents.. .
Uniform percentage_______
5 percen t.
7V? percen t___
_ _
-------10 percent----------------—------- ---------12V? percent.
.

See footnotes at end of ta b le s.

16.7
.7
1.5
3.2
-

1.5

2.8

1.8

1.8
3.2

.3

42.6

34.7

5.8

.6

.6
5.3

( 8)
.6

3.7

"
38.9

2.2

4.5
28.1

.5

11

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d ay s

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of first-sh ift workers, Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1972)
Plantworkers

Officeworkers

Weekly hours and days
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

1

4

A ll w ork ers________________________________

100

100

35 hours— 5 days- - ----- —
---36V3 hours— 5 days_________________ ___________
37 hours— 5 days— —
— —
-----------37Vz hours— 5 days—
.
— ----- ----38V4 hours---5 days — i _. ............
_
- —
.-.-r,-r---40 hours— 5 days----- — ------------------------------42 hours________ _________ ____ ____________ _
5 V2 days-----------------------------------------------6 days________________________________________
42V2 hours— 5 days------------------------------------44 hours— 5'/2 days_____________________________
45 hours________________________________________
5 days—
— — —
5 V2 days-----------------------------------------------461 hours— 5V2 days
/.
48 hours---------------------------------------------------5 days6 days________ __________________ ____________
50 hours— 6 days — — — -

12
2

11
3

See footnote at end of tables.




-

83
8
8
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

5

-

73
3
-

3

78
-

-

1
1

-

(9)

-

1

(*)

1
1
1
1
1

-

-

2

2
3
8
3
83
1
1
1
-

-

-

-

1
3
95

34

-

62
-

-

-

-

*
-

12

T a b le B - 4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1972)
O fficeworker s

Plantworkers
Item

A ll w orkers________________________________
Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays_______________________________ .
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays______________________ ______

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

100

99

100

100

4

“

1

~

“

1
1
1
2

“
*
7

-

-

-

"
~
10
“

2

A ll industries

Number of days
1 holiday______________________ ________________
2 holidays________________ ___________ _________
3 holidays_____________________ _____________
3 holidays plus 1 half day—
--------------------------4 holidays-------------------------------------------------5 holidays-------------- -------------------------------6 holidays_______________________________________
6 holidays plus 2 half days_____________________
7 holidays______________________ ___________ —
7 holidays plus 2 half days--------------------------8 holidays_______________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half da ys-------------------------9 holidays_____________
__
-----------9 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s---- ---------------------10 holidays___________________________ ____ —
10 holidays plus 2 half days-------------------------11 holidays________________ ______ — ---------11 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------- --12 holidays______________________________________
13 holidays plus 1 half d a y---------------------------

2
10
1
4
2
13
7
3
8
4
1
24
1
9
2
(’ )
“

3
17
8
5
9
4
2
36
2
4
3

-

~
"
8
"
"
6
17
~
~
4
60
~
5

‘

(’ )
2
9
1
1
(’ )
4
1
1
10
1
2
48
1
17
(’ )
1
1

“
(’ )
3
2
2
11
1
3
62
( 9)
5
(’ )
~

4
"
12
*
1
'
79
1

Total holiday time 1
0

13 y2 days_______________________________________
12 days or m ore________________________________
11 l/ i days or m ore-------------------------------------11 days or m ore________________________________
10 days or m ore________________________________
9Vz days or m o r e _______________________________
9 days or m o r e _________________________________
8'/j days or m o r e _____________________________
8 days or m o r e _________________________________
7 days or m o r e ____________________________ ___
6 days or more ________________________________
5 days or m o r e _________________________________
4 days or m o r e _________________________________
3 V2 days or m o re, - ---------------------- -------3 days or m o r e ------------------- --------------------2 days or m o r e _________________________________
1 day or m ore--------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of t a b le s .




(’ )
2
12
37
41
53
60
75
79
89
91
91
93
94
95
96

3
8
46
50
64
72
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

5
5
65
69
69
86
86
92
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
2
2
20
70
71
82
83
87
88
98
98
99
99
99
99
99

(’ )
6
70
71
84
86
90
90
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
1
81
82
82
93
93
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

13

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions,
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y., June 1972)
Officeworkers

Plantworkers
Vacation policy
Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
88
10
2

100
82
15
3

100
100

100
99
(’ )
-

100
99
(9)
-

100
100

1

"

“

“

15
41
1
3
-

21
43
1
5
*

60
5
-

13
66
2
1
(’ )

17
76
2
(9)

_
81
1
-

43
2
48
4
2
(’ )

38
4
49
6
3
-

35
60
5

14
86
(’ )
1
(’ )

12
88
-

14
7
69
4
4
( 9)

11
10
69
6
4
-

8
87
5

3
1
96
1
(9)

(9)
1
99
-

1

7
83

8

(9)

85
4
4

6
4

1

-

1

_
7
83

A ll industries

A ll workers ------------------ ---------

-------

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations-----------------------------------------Length-of-tim e payment __________________
Percentage payment------------------------- ---Other__________________ _____________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations_________ — — ----------

-

Amount of vacation pay 1
1
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week. ___ .
. ___ ~ ____ ..
1 week-------- ------------------- --------- —
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 w eeks_________________ ___
______ ___ __
3 w eeks----------------------- ----------------------------A fter 1 year of service
1 week.
Over 1 and under Z w eek s_____________________
2 wppks
„
„
.......
„ ______
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks__________ _ _____
3 w eek s--------------------------------------- ----- -Over 3 and under 4 weeks . . ___ .

17
82
_
_
1

A fter 2 years of service
1 w pp Ii
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks_________ ___ ______
2 w eeks. _________________________ ___________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks__________________
3 WPPks
. . ...
r
r
nn
n i—
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______________________

2
97
1

A fter 3 years of service
1 week____________________ .
. . .
__
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks__________
________
2 w eeks_______________________ ____ _________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks---------------------------3 w eeks_________________ __________ ____________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______ __
____

4

-

87
5

99
1
(9)

8

(9)

87
-

99
1
(9)

_
99
(9)

2
97
_
1

A fter 4 years of service
1
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks______________________
2 weeks_________________________________
_ __
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks.. __________________
3 w eeks________________
___ ___ __ ___ __
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______________________

See footnotes at end o f ta b le s.




4

85
5
4
1

6

4

-

5

_
99
(9)

2
97

_
1

14

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions,
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1972)
Plantwor ke r s
Vacation policy

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Officeworkers
Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

_
34
66
-

2
93
4
1

Amount of vacation pay 1 --- Continued
1
A fter 5 years of service
1 week________________ __
___
_________
2 w eeks____________________ _____ ______ ___ ...___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ---------------------------3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_________________

i
61
7
29
1

49
10
41
-

8
79
8
5

n
49
1
49
(’ )

21
7
66
1
3

21
11
65
1
2

_
8
87
5
-

(9)
9
2
84
(9)
5

19
9
66
2
3

18
14
64
2
2

8
87
5
*

( 9)
9
2
81
3
5

_
5
3
88
5
(9)

18
4
41
1
35
( 9)

_
16
6
37
1
40
-

_
8
79
8
5

(9)
5
42
4
49
(9)

_
3
28
5
65
-

18
4
22
(9)
54
(9)
(’ )

_
16
6
24
53
1

_
8
87
5
-

( 9)
5
15
(9)
79
(9)
(9)

_

_

3
11
86
_

4
_
95
1

15
4
20
( 9)
29
(9)
29

_
16
6
17
32
29

_
8

(9)
3

-

-

-

27
5
60

15
(9)
37
1
43

11
30
57

A fter 10 years of service
1 week___________________ _______
____
2 w eeks______________________________ _________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________ __________
3 w eek s____________ _______
___
____
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_______________
4 w eeks_________________________________ ___

_
5
3
92
(9)

_
4
95
1
-

A fter 12 years of service
1 week— ---------------------------- — ---- —
2 w eeks----- ------------------- ---------------- ---- —
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks______________________
3 w eeks_______________________ _______________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------4 w eeks__________
________________
___ —

_
4
95
1
-

A fter 15 years of service
1 week________________________ ________________
2 w eeks_________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_____________ _______
3 w eeks___________________________________ ____
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks____ _______________
4 w eeks_______ ________________________ _____
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks----------------------------

_
4
90
5
1

A fter 20 years of service
1 week__________________________________________
2 weeks __ __ ___________________________ _____
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w pp Ics _
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 weeks______ ________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s______________________
5 w eeks_______ ___________________________ __

(9)

A fter 25 years of service
1 week ___________________ ___ ____________ __
2 w eeks_______________________ ________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 weeks _________ ___________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s__________ ________
4 weeks . _______________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s_____________________
5 w eeks_______________________________ ___ __

S e e footnotes at end o f ta b le s.




_
3

_
4
16
1
79

15

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions,
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y., June 1972
Officeworkers

Plantworkers
Vacation policy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay 1
1— Continued
A fte r 30 years of service
1 week__
—
-----2 weeks
_ Over 2 and under 3 w eeks— — _ _
--- ----...- — _
i
—
_ - __
^
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks---------------------------4 w eeks___
__
— Over 4 and under 5 w eek s-------- -------— 5 weeks ________ __ — -

-

-

15
4
20
n
29
( 9)
29

16
6
17
32
29

15
4
20
n
29
(9)
29

16
6
17

8
27
5
60

(9)
3
“
15
(9)
37
(9)
44

-

3
1
1
"
30
57

4
16
1
79

Maximum vacation available
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s---------- — — _ _____________ — ----Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------- ------------------ — -----------3 w eeks. ______ - Over 3 and under 4 w eeks---------------------------4 w eeks. _______ ___
_____ — --- — Over 4 and under 5 w eeks---------------------------5 w eeks_________________________________________
_______
Over 6 weeks_______ -____ ____ —

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

32
29

8
27
5
60

(9)
3
15
( 9)
37
(9)
43
1

3
1
1
30
57

4
16
1
79

16

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1972)
Plantworkers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

1
00

-----

100

Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below __________

96

97

100

99

99

100

91
78

96
84

100

99
76

100

71

96
71

51
45

47
41

83
53

42
30

31

20

42

75

75

92

88

89

96

30

20

28
19

71
71

24
17

13

58
58

46

53

34

73

83

52

1
1

2

48

7

n

44

22

33
28
93
71
89
67
79
65
57
47
9

*

53
42
91
75
90
73
84
70
76
67

70
58
99
87
97
85
92
83
74
73

1
1

1
1

91
78

95
90

A ll w o r k e r s ________

_

-

_____________________
Life insurance___
Noncontributory plans___________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance— _______________________________
Noncontributory plans _ --------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 13-----------------------------Sickness and accident insurance----------Noncontributory plans _______ _____
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)_______
_____________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)--- --------------—

-

Long-term disability insurance_____________
Noncontributory plans___________ _______
Hospitalization insurance________________ Noncontributory plans_________________ __
Surgical insurance------------------------------ _—
Noncontributory plans------------------------Medical insurance - ------------------ ----------Noncontributory plans___________________
Major m edical insurance------------------------Noncontributory plans------------------------Dental insurance---- ------------------------------Noncontributory plans___________________
Retirement pension__________ ____ ___________
Noncontributory plans___________ ________

See footnotes at end of tables.




19
91
73

86
68
76
65
60
50

1
0
9
75

66

100

Officeworker s

8

85
75

100
79

100
79

100
79
87

66
3
3
92
92

6

53

88

-

100
66
100
66
100
66
97
63
"
98
98

17

Footnotes
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y not a p p l y to this b u lle tin .

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r ra te .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h if ts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s tan da rd
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s tan da rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
i
In c lu d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h if ts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a lf d a y s that add to the s a m e am ou nt a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c l u d e s th o s e w i t h 9 f u l l d a y s and no h a lf d a y s, 8 f u l l d ays and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d ays and 4 h a l f d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 In c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
1
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s pay . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n ge s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d i c a te d at
10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n ge s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c l u d e s th o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p lans f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly th ose p lan s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p lan s a r e
3
l i m i t e d to th o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s ic k
l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .







A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLER, MACHINE

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting cle rica l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, cle rica lly processing com­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerks.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, inter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

CLERK, FILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
matter files. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.

Class C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerica l and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Perform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerica l processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




unclassified m aterial by simple (subject m atter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o( customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for oilers and plumbers.

19

20
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.

NOTE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerica l staff) are not considered to be
"corporate o ffice rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or ve rify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting proce­
dures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate o fficer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

MESSENGER (Office Boy or G irl)
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerica l and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine in­
quiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons:
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files:

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays m essages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial re la ­
tions, etc.) o r a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or
5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational
unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; m
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.
Class D

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secreta ry " possess the above characteristics.
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:
a.

Positions which do not meet the "personal"

b.

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); nr
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)

Examples

secretary concept described above;

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially m ore complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

STENOGRAPHER
Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine
Operator, General).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and perform s m ore
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, adm inistrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records,
or perform other rela tively routine clerical tasks.

21
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

Stenographer. Senior

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, proce­
dures, file s, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible clerica l tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail: and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ited ” telephone information service
occurs i f the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.

Class A . Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences of long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prewired boards.
Class B . Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rg er and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TY PIS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following; Typing material in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language mate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet
special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or programer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.
For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime;
the programs are of complex design so that identification of error source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new programs required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In common erro r situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
programed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine programs. Usually has received some formal training in computer operation.
May assist higher level operator on complex programs.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the programer develops the precise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation

22
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters
programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or program ers prim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range o f programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
program s, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level prograrner or supervisor. May assist higher level programer by independently p er­
forming less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A NA LYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
programers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall
operations. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and programing should be clas­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing em ployees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems in­
volving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LY ST, BUSINESS— Continued
every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to
as si st.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example,
may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in ­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
during progress.

Work is closely supervised

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by performing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the performance of most or all of the following tasks: Assembling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.

23
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

Electronic equipment or systems worked on typically include one or more of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; ele c­
tronic computers; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to i l l or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsmen, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of elec­
trical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e frig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves mo£t_of_the_jfoU^wing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dis­
assembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in auto­
mobile repair shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLW RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illwright's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PA IN TE R , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

24
PAIN TER , MAINTENANCE— Continued

SH E E T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F ITTE R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following; Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems a re excluded.
SH E ET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,* fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker’ s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
PACKER, SHIPPING— Continued

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of employees and other persons entering.

and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illega l entry.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
premises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fix ­
tures or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible fo r incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

LABORER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or warehouse helper)

shelver; trucker;

stockman or stock helper;

TRUCKDRIVER

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.

ORDER F ILLE R

follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to filling orders and indicating items fille d or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under lVz tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F or wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (fork lift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift).

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no cos t w h il e sup plies l a s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the i n s id e fro nt c o v e r .

Alaska
A lb an y, Ga.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity, M ic h.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
Augus ta, G a —S.C.
Au'stin, T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a l i f.
Baton Rouge, L a .
B i l o x i , G ulfpor t, and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m fo rd , Conn.
C h a r le sto n , S.C.
C l a r k s v i l l e , Tenn., and H o p k in s v ille , K y .
C o l o r a d o S p ring s , C olo.
C olu m b ia , S.C.
Columbus , Ga.—A l a .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Minn.—W is .
S
Durham, N .C .
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene, O r e g .
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. Dak.—Minn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F it c h b u rg —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Smith, A r k . —Okla.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e rs to w n , Md.—P a .—W. Va.
G r ea t F a l l s , Mont.
G r e e n s b o r o —Winston Sa lem —
High P oin t, N .C .
H a r r i s b u r g , Pa.
H un ts ville , A la .
K n o x v i l l e , Tenn.

C o p ie s o f public r e l e a s e s a r e

Laredo, Tex.
L as V ega s, Nev.
L e x in g to n , K y .
L o w e r E a s t e r n Shor e, Md.—V a.
M a c on , Ga.
M a r q u e tte , E scanaba, Sault Ste. M a r i e , M ic h.
M eridian , M is s.
M i d d l e s e x , Monmouth, O cean and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M on tgo m ery, A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Tenn.
N e w London— roto n— o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M aine
Ogden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
Oxn ar d—V entu ra, C a lif.
P a n a m a C it y, F la .
P in e B luff, A r k .
P o r ts m o u th , N.H.—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C olo.
R eno, N e v .
S a cr a m e n to , C a l i f.
Santa B a r b a r a , C a l i f.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s . —Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
T o p e k a , Kan s.
T ucson, A r i z .
V a llejo—
Napa, C a lif.
W ich it a F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D el.—N.J.—Md.

The tw elf th annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r accountan ts, au d ito rs , c h ie f accountan ts, a tt o r n e y s , job an a lys ts , d i r e c t o r s of p erson nel,
b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g te c h n icia n s , d r a ft s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B ulletin 1742, National
S u rv e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, f r o m the Superintendent of
D ocum ents , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , Washington, D .C ., 20402, o r any of its r e g i o n a l s a le s o f f i c e s .




☆

U . S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1 9 72— 7 4 6 -1 8 3 /1 8




A r e a W a g e S u rv ey s
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y o f a re a w age studies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the req u e st
o f the E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep artm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t. B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch ased fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the in sid e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, July 1971 1 __________________________________
Albany^-Schenectady—T r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1972 1 ______________________
A lle n to w n —B eth leh em — aston , P a —N .J ., M ay 1.971----E
A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1972 1__________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1971________________________________
Beaum ont—P o r t A r th u i^ O ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1972--------B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1971 1____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1971______________________________
B oston, M a s s ., A u g. 1971__________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1971._________ _________________________
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1971_________________________________
Canton, Ohio, M a y 1972 1_________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a ., M a r . 1972 1...................... ..................
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1 9 72 *............ ....................................
C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1971---------------------------C h ic a g o , III., June 1971 1 __________ _______________________
C in cin n a ti, Ohio—K y.—Ind., F e b . 1972-------------------------C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1971_______________________________
C olu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1971---------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1971____________________________________
D aven p ort—R ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—III., F e b . 1972 1
M
—
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1971 1_________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1971* ---------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1971______________________________
D e tro it, M ic h ., F e b . 1972__________________________________
D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1 ________________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — olly w o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r . 1972 1________________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1971 ------- ------------- ------------- —
G reen B ay, W is ., July 1971_______________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972---------------------------------------Houston, T e x ., A p r . 1972------------------------------------------H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b ru a ry 1972 1 -----------------------------In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O ct. 1971 -------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1971------------------------------------K ansas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1971--------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s —N .H ., June 1972 1----------L ittle R ock—N orth L ittle R ock , A r k ., July 1971 ---------L os A n g e le s —Long Beach and An ah eim —
Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., M a r . 1972________________________
L o u is v ille , K y —Ind., N ov. 1971 1 ------------------------------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1 --------------------------------------M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1971-------------------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k ., N o v . 1971 1_______________________
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1971____________________________________
M idland and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1972 1--------- ------------M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1971_______________________________


1 Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1685-75,
1725-77,
1725- 16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1685-70,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1725-3,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1685-83,
1725-4,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1685-76,

45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e

M in n ea p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn ., Jan. 1972 1--------------------- 1725-45,
M u skegon— u sk egon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1971________ 1685-82,
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1_______________ 1725-52,
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 ________________________ ____ 1725-41,
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1972___________________________ ___ 1725-35,
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1971.................................................... 1685-89,
N o r fo lk —P o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
H am pton, V a., Jan. 1972_________________________________ 1725-42,
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1971 1............. ............ ............ 1725-8,
Om aha, N e b r.—Iow a, Sept. 197 1 1 — ................................ ... 1725- 13,
P a te r s o n — lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1971______________ 1685-84,
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N o v . 1971 1...................... ............. 1725-62,
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1971___________________________ ____ 1685-86,
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________ 1725-46,
P o rtla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1971 1 ------------- ------ ---------- ------- 1725-22,
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M ay 1971...... ................. ............. 1685-85,
P ou g h k e e p s ie — in gston —N e w b u rg h ,
K
N .Y ., June 1972 1 __________________________________________ 1725-80,
P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu ck et—W a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s .,
M ay 1972.................. ......................... ........... .......................... 1725-70,
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1971.— ............ ...................................... 1725-5,
R ich m on d , V a., M a r . 1972 1________________________________ 1725-72,
R o c h e s te r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu p ation s o n ly ), July 1971 1__ 1725-7,
R o c k fo r d , III., M ay 1971 --------------------------------------------- 1685-79,
St. L o u is , M o.—I I I . , M a r . 1972....................................... ....... 1725-61,
Salt Lake C ity , Utah, N o v. 1971______________ _____________ 1725-24,
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972_______________________________ 1725-67,
San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e —O n t a r io , C a lif.,
R
D ec. 1971___________________________________ _______ ______ ___ 1725-43,
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1971 1 _________________ ___________ 1725-32,
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., O ct. 1971 1_______ _____ _ 1725-33,
San J o se, C a lif., M a r. 1972_________________________________ 1725-65,
Savannah, Ga., M ay 1972 1________ __________ ______________ 1725-73,
Scranton, P a ., July 1971_______ ..__________________________ 1725- 1,
S eattle—E v e r e t t , W ash., Jan. 1972________________________ 1725-47,
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., D ec. 1971___________________________ 1725-30,
South Bend, Ind., M ay 1972 1----------------------------- ------ 1725-60,
Spokane, W ash., June 1971_________________________________ 1685-88,
S y ra c u s e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 ...... ......... ........ ......................... 1725- 10,
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., N ov. 1 9 7 1 * _______________ 1725-31,
T o le d o , Ohio—M ic h ., A p r . 1972 1............ ..... ........................ 1725-78,
T ren to n , N .J ., Sept. 1971__________________________________ 1725- 12,
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., July 1971 1 __________ _________________ 1725-9,
W ashington, D .C .—M d —V a ., A p r . 1971____ ______ ________ 1685-56,
W a te rb u ry, Conn., M a r. 1972 1____________________________ 1725-53,
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1971_________________________________ 1725-20,
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1971__________________________________ 1685-64,
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1
__________________ _________ 1725-71,
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1 9 7 2 *__________ ____ ____ ____ ______________ 1725-54,
Youngstow n—W a rre n , Ohio, N o v . 1971 1_______ __________ 1725-51,

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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

F IR S T

CLASS

M A IL

B U R E A U OF LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S

W ASHING TO N. D.C. 20212

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O FF IC IA L BUSINESS
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