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A v

Area
Wage
Survey

*■?

*

3

#

Portland, Oregon—Washington,
Metropolitan Area, May 1977

Clackamas

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f a M a y 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e f i t s in th e P o r tla n d , O r e g o n —
W a sh in g ton , S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e
as p a r t o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con d u cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. ,
u n der th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f M ilto n K e e n a n , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is ­
s io n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld not h a ve b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w it h ­
out th e c o o p e r a tio n o f the m a n y f ir m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data p r o v id e d
the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u re a u w is h e s
to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it

the B u re a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

Labor

S ta tis tic s

and

c ite

th e

n am e

and

n u m b er

o f th is

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r ts on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s in th e P o r tla n d a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r th e h o s p ita ls (J a n u a ry
1976), bankin g (D e c e m b e r 1976), and la u n d ry and d r y c le a n in g (M a y 1977)
in d u s tr ie s .
A ls o a v a ila b le a r e lis t in g s o f union w a g e r a te s f o r b u ild in g
t r a d e s , p rin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e
a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s . (S e e b a ck c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Portland, Oregon—Washington,
Metropolitan Area, May 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

October 1977
Bulletin 1950-32

In tro d u c tio n -------------------------------------------------------

A -1 2 . H o u rly e a rn in g s o f m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t and cu stod ial
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------- 19
A -1 3 . A v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f
m ain ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la n t, m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t, and c u s to d ia l w o r k ­
e r s , b y s e x ---------------------------------20

2

T ab le s :
A.

E a rn in g s , a ll esta b lish m en ts:
A-l.
W e e k ly ea rn in g s o f o ffic e
A -2 .
A -3 .

A -4 .

A -5 .

A -6 .

A -7 .

W e e k ly e arn in gs o f p r o f e s ­
sion al and tech n ica l w o r k e r s ------- 6
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e arn in gs o f
o ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and
tech n ica l w o r k e r s , by s e x ----------- 7
H o u rly e arn in gs o f m a in te ­
nance, to o lr o o m , and
p ow erp la n t w o r k e r s - ------------------- 9
H o u rly earn in gs o f m a te r ia l
m o vem en t and cu stod ial
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------- 10
A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f
m ain ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
p ow erp lan t, m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent, and c u s to d ia l w o r k ­
e r s , by s e x ---------------------------------12
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e in a v e ra g e
h o u rly earnings, ad justed fo r
em p lo ym e n t s h ifts ,fo r s e ­
le c te d occu p ation al g r o u p s ----------- 13

B.

E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p le­
m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s
fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
B -2 .

B -3 .

B -4 .
B -5 .
B -6 .

B -7 .
E a rn in g s , la r g e esta b lish m en ts:
A -8 . W e e k ly e arn in gs o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------- 14
A -9 . W e e k ly e arn in gs o f p r o f e s ­
sion al and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ------ 16
A -1 0 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s of
o ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and
tech n ica l w o r k e r s , by s e x ------------ 17
A - l l . H o u rly e arn in gs o f m a in te ­
nance, to o lr o o m , and
p ow erp la n t w o r k e r s --------------------- 18
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.

A p p en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B.

L a te -s h ift pay p ro v is io n s fo r
fu ll- tim e m anufactu rin g
plant w o r k e r s ------------------------------ 22
Sch eduled w e e k ly hours and
days o f fu ll- t im e f i r s t - s h i ft
Annual paid h o lid a ys f o r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ------------------------ 24
P a id v a c a tio n p ro v is io n s fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ------------------------ 25
H ealth , in su ra n ce, and p en ­
sion plans f o r fu ll- tim e
w o r k e r s --------------------------------------- 28
L i f e in s u ra n ce plans f o r
fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s -------------------------29
Scope and m ethod o f s u r v e y ---------- 32
O ccu p ation al d e s c r ip tio n s --------------37

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ich th e U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u ­
re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e fits .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d a n n u ally.
In fo r ­
m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits (B s e r i e s t a b le s ) is o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e th e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e co n d p re s e n ts n a tio n a l and r e ­
g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d ata, f o r a ll
S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a
and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n eed
to d e s c r ib e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th ro u gh the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is tr ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n ,
and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m a y be u sed f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in c lu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s ­
s is ta n c e in d e te r m in in g p lan t lo c a tio n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u sed b y the
U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s u n d er th e S e r v ic e
C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
A -s e rie s

t a b le s

T a b le s A - l th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro u gh A - 13 p r o v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .

T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly t a m in g s o f
o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c tu rin g
and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly .
D ata a r e n ot p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d m a in ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr e n d s a ft e r
e lim in a tio n o f c h a n ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r th e r d e ta ils , s e e ap p e n d ix A .
B - s e r i e s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a tio n on m in im u m e n tra n c e
s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c le r k s ; la t e - s h i f t p ay p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t ic e s f o r p lan t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; and data s e p a r a t e ly f o r plant
and o f f ic e w o r k e r s on sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k ­
e r s ; p aid h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s;
and m o r e d e ta ile d in fo r m a tio n on l i f e in s u ra n c e p lan s.
A ppendixes
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a r e a
w age s u rve y p ro gra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , on th e a r e a 's in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g , and on
la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u sed b y B u re a u
o m is ts to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o ccu p atio n .

fie ld eco n ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

A vera ge
w eek ly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

90
M ean2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

S

*

$

$

$

$

s

*

S

$

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

%

*

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

360

380

3

27
9
18

64
23
41

106
52
54
8
3

105
35
70
10
9

134
46
88
7
18

99
29
70
8

102
48
54
8

75
34
41
6
17

52
23
29
22
1

70
17
53
36
3

5
2
3
3

~

142
68
74
32
7

32
4
28
26

~

58
33
25
2
6

44
3
41
18

2

72
31
41
12
4

~

~

“

~

_

_

7

-

11
2
9

24
13
11

20
13
7

19
15
4

2
2
~

18

4
2
2

2
2

7

11
6
5

18

-

8
2
6

2
2

6
3
3

24
9
15

6
3
5

38
12
26

16
5
11

4
4
-

11
7
4

12
3
9

26
2
24

8

2
-

_

-

-

-

-

8
8

2
"

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
under
100

ALL UORKERS
SECRETARIES ---------------

2 1 0 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0
2 5 4 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0

$
1 9 8 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0

2 1 8 .5 0 -2 7 2 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0 - 2 6 4 . 5 0
2 1 3 .0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0

$

$

$

1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 3 6 . 5 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 4 9 .5 0
2 0 1 .0 0 - 2 9 9 . 5 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----RETAIL TRADE ---------

1 .1 9 8
457
741
200
75

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

128
57
71

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 4 9 .5 0
2 5 1 .0 0
2 4 8 .5 0

2 4 4 .5 0
2 5 5 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

184
55
129

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 4 6 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0
2 5 1 .0 0

2 3 2 .5 0
2 3 5 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0

2 0 3 .0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0 -3 2 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ---MANUFACTURING ---------N0NHANUFACTURIN6 ------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

373
136
237
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 5 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0
2 7 2 .0 0

2 0 4 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0
2 7 7 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 3 7 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0 -2 2 7 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 5 5 .0 0
2 5 3 .5 0 - 2 9 2 . 0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ----MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------

301
148
153

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 5 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS E -----

212
61
151

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 - 1 7 P . 5 0

STENOGRAPHERS ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

193
155
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0 -2 6 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. 6ENERAL --NONHANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

102
77
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0
2 4 7 .0 0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
2 5 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -2 3 5 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0 - 2 6 1 . 5 0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ---NONMANUFACTURING --------

91
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0
2 2 4 .0 0

2 2 1 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0 -2 6 6 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE TYPISTS
N0NMANUFACTURIN6 --------

123
109

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

TYPISTS ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUF ACTURIN6--------

598
104
494

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 4 9 . 5 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

-

TYPISTS. CLASS A --------NONHANUFACTURING --------

120
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 9 4 . 0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

TYPISTS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING --------

478
58
420

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 4 7 . 0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

MANUFACTURING -------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------

NONMANUFACTURING -------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

5
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

17
5
12

7
7

5
2
3

7
7

10
2
8

41
14
27

55
13
42

51
17
34

34
14
20

26
25
1

51
32
19
13

22
11
11
6

25
3
22
20

32
5
27
27

32
16
16

50
43
7

37
20
17

50
27
23

21
7
14

25
14
11

10
1
9

16
2
14

13
1
12

3

23
3
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

8
8

3
2
1

12
12

52
19
33

24
7
17

29
2
27

20
1
19

16
2
14

14
2
12

8
5
3

3
2
1

13
9
4

4
4
“

1
1

2

-

i

9
7
7

24
22
16

12
6
6

30
30
18

7
7
1

5
5
5

-

3

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

24
7
17

-

5
5
-

11
11
-

8
8
-

4
4
-

10
8
-

20
13
6

16
13
12

17
12
6

3
2
2

11
2
2

5
5

11
11

8
8

4
4

10
8

8
6

3
-

9
4

1

9

i
-

3
3
3

13
12
12

3
2
2

13
13
13

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

8
8

2
2

2
2

-

-

12
7

6
4

11
10

9
4

17
17

6
6

5
5

-

-

8
7

23
21

16
16

15
13

9
9

10
9

13
13

_

-

-

-

-

16
15

-

-

10
6

2

-

69
3
66

100
16
84

88
24
64

157
27
130

23
11
12

33
8
25

9
3
6

5
1
4

10

-

75
1
74

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

6
1

42
27

12
3

15
10

7
4

-

75
1
74

69
3
66

100
16
84

82
19
63

115
12
103

11
2
9

18
3
15

2

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

3

2

-

~

-

1

“

~

19
5
14

2

3
_
3

1
1

2

2
1

17
13

2
2

3
3

-

3
3

2
1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

-

6
-

3

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

4

-

-

-

~

-

-

*
~

-

-

-

-

3
-

“

10
10
10

8
2

-

~
-

8
-

-

~
-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings^
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

$
90

and
u n d er
100

$

$

S

s

S

S

%

S

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

120

130

140

150

16 0

170

180

151
145
-

68
61
-

47
38
-

8
6
“

37
33
9

28
22
6

7
6

1

s

S

S

s

S

$

$

$

*

t

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

9
9
7

6
6
2

1
1
1

15
15
14

-

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

-

-

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

9
9

2
2

1
1

15
15

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

3
3

-

360

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

FILE CLERKS --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ---------------------

484
449
54

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

$
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0

$
$
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 3 2 . 5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 3 0 . 0 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

92
92
—

FILE CLERKS. CLASS B ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

142
131

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 - 1 5 9 . 0 0

12
12

36
36

10
9

11
10

3
3

14
10

23
19

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

300
278

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

80
80

115
109

49
43

31
23

5
3

14
14

-

MESSENGERS ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

129
93

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

10
7

17
17

30
27

39
19

4
4

3
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

168
128

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

-

5
5

42
42

12
12

10
10

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONhANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

363
140
223
58

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 5 5 . 0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

6

22

6

22
22

30
14
16
-

69
17
52
16

ORDER CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONhANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

485
187
298
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 9 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 2 1 6 . 0 0
1 8 1 .0 0 - 2 3 9 . 5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 8 5 . 0 0

"

7
7
7

27
16
11
7

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

260
95
165

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 5 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0

2 2 5 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0
2 3 5 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 -2 4 5 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 2 1 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0 -2 6 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

225
92
133

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 8 4 . 0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0 1
1 4 4 . 0 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

2 .0 3 9
455
1 .5 8 4
486

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 9 1 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 4 4 . 0 0 - 2 4 3 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0 - 2 0 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 2 4 3 .5 0
1 4 9 . 5 0 - 2 4 3 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

769
223
546
131

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 3 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0
2 0 9 .5 0

2 0 8 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0

1 7 3 . 5 0 - 2 8 1 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0 - 2 2 3 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0 - 2 9 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0 - 2 4 3 . 5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

1 .2 7 0
232
1 .0 3 8
199
355

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
2 2 2 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 - 2 1 4 . 5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 2 2 5 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
1 4 2 . 0 0 - 2 4 3 .5 0

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS ----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

64
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 6 0 . 0 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0
1 6 0 . 0 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

-

-

-

—
—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2

4
1

2
2

1

1
-

_

_

-

-

11
10

2
2

29
23

7
1

13
4

14
7

10
3

1

6
2

1
1

7
7

8
8

57
47
10
-

45
10
35
7

46
11
35
4

31
9
22
3

20
15
5
“

8
7
1

1
1
-

4
4
-

1
1

4
1
3

6

-

-

25
17
8
4

34
18
16
8

12
6
6
2

47
27
20
1

10
*
6
2

62
22
40
32

6
4
2
2

27
17
10
2

67
25
42
~

76
20
56
1

21
8
13
“

38
38
12

18
3
15
“

-

-

-

37
22
15

5
5

3
3

17
17

68
20
48

21
8
13

38
-

13
-

~

49
19
30

38

13

_

_

-

-

8

-

-

5
3
2

6
6

12
3
9
~

-

-

-

-

17

17

_

-

-

_

17
-

17
-

-

17

17

72
12
60
12

103
20
83
22

167
38
129
29

301
55
246
49

111
39
72
10

114
63
51
30

124
50
74
32

118
28
90
42

101
27
74
42

82
34
48
16

59
15
44
1

118
39
79
4

277
4
273
187

27
3
24

143
12
131

47
15
32

-

-

-

-

-

36
3
33
~

41
17
24

~

28
18
10
~

39
22
17
1

72
26
46
29

59
22
37
10

75
19
56
32

50
14
36
8

17
15
2
1

58
38
20
1

74
4
70
49

21
3
18
-

118
7
111
-

47
15
32
-

131
35
96

260
38
222
4
49

83
21
62
14
10

75
41
34
1
29

52
24
28
16
3

59
6
53
9
32

26
8
18
5
10

32
20
12
2
8

42

60
1
59
39

203

6

25
5
20
20
-

-

34
24

15
15

1

5
5

4
4

10

12

22

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

4

29
2
2

-

_

3

_

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

41
1
40
10

~

-

-

10

6
6
-

8

-

-

18
6
12

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

3
1
2

203
42
138

-

8
8
“

_

57
17
40

-

-

-

10
4
6

42
41
-

_
-

_

10
5
5

103
20
83

_

8

-

11
5
6

72
12
60

-

-

~

34
18
16

41
1
40

_

-

-

25
17
8

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

1
~

27
16
11

-

_

-

1

7
7

-

_

-

-

8
-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

1
1
~

-

-

-

_

-

-

“
-

_

_

1
1

•

-

_

_

17
-

_

_

17

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings1
( standard)
N

U

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f --S

A vera ge
w eek ly

s

of
workers

$

S

$

$

$

$

S

*

S

S

*

S

S

%

$

$

%

S

*

(standard)

100

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

260

260

280

300

320

360

36 0

100

Occupation and industry divis ion

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

260

260

280

300

320

360

360

380

90
M e an 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

and
u n d er

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
MACHINE BILLERS --------------

66

6 0 .0

$
2 2 6 .5 0

$
2 0 0 .5 0

$
$
1 8 7 .0 0 - 2 8 6 . 5 0

3

2

6

6

2

2

11

13

~

~

2

7

16

~

BILLING-MACHINE BILLERS ---

52

6 0 .0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 0 0 .5 0

1 9 5 . 5 0 - 3 0 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

-

10

13

-

-

-

2

7

16

~

-

-

PAYROLL CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONHANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

311
136
177
66
53

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0
2 6 2 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0
2 7 5 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 2 5 .5 0
1 5 6 . 5 0 - 2 1 5 .5 0
1 6 9 . 5 0 - 2 6 3 .5 0
2 3 2 .5 0 -2 8 8 .0 0
1 5 6 . 0 0 - 2 0 2 .0 0

-

-

3

69
15
36

15
8
7

26
7
17

21
11
10

27
16
11
8

21
6
17
16

5
3
2
2

-

-

2

10

1

25
8
17
3
9

12
2
10
10

7

29
15
16
~
6

6
6

-

29
19
10
5
1

19
6
13

-

25
16
11
2

1

-

_
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS ---------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

1 .1 9 3
281
912
121
167

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
2 1 6 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 - 1 8 5 . 0 0
1 6 3 .5 0 - 1 7 5 . 0 0
1 3 8 . 0 0 - 1 9 1 .0 0
1 6 5 . 0 0 - 2 8 3 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 - 2 0 2 . 5 0

216
36
182
10
25

159
56
105
12
15

113
38
75
8
12

73
39
36
6
16

59
21
38
6
12

33
8
25

21

-

-

22
18
1

38
3
35
13
-

61
61
7
38

21
1

13

23
6
19
6
16

22

-

186
61
163
2
18

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

659
118
361
76
72

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 0 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0
2 5 6 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 8 7 .0 0
2 6 3 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 - 2 1 6 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0 - 1 8 1 . 5 0
1 5 6 . 0 0 - 2 6 2 .5 0
2 1 6 .5 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0 - 2 6 2 . 5 0

9
9
“

35
11
26

69
12
37

68
20
28

39
27
12

30
20
10
3

2

3

~

29
6
25
13

19
2
17
2
16

21
21
17
1

11
3
8
8

6

67
13
56
2

38

-

-

38
7
31

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

736
163
571
67

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 6 6 . 5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 6 6 . 0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 7 6 . 0 0

86
17
67

169
30
119
2

167
22
165
10

92
61
51
12

65
18
67
8

36
12
22
6

6
6

6
2
2
2

1

27

23

-

-

27
5

23

-

-

-

2

3
3

2

-

93
17
76

-

-

23
1
22

-

3

-

-

-

3
3

-

2

-

2

20
1
19

See footnotes at end of tables.

5

29
1
28
1

12

“

~

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

73
21
52
36
“

3
~
3
1

58
6
52
36

-

-

-

-

18

15
15

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Weekly e r i g 1
anns
(t n a d
sadr)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

%

%

%

%

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460 o v e r

15
6
9

30
2

31
6
25

39
8
31

51
12
39

23

17
6

13

23
13
10

11

18
4
14

6
2

21
17

13
9

10
4

$

A vera ge
w eek ly

120

hou s
r1
(tnad
sadr)

and
under
130

130

140

150

160

170

_

_

_

_

140

150

160

170

180

I

$

$

%

$

%

%

%

%

%
460

_

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
<BUSINESS) -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

$

$

275
73
202

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
3 4 9 .5 0
3 6 0 .0 0
3 4 6 .0 0

3 4 5 .0 0
3 6 1 .0 0
3 3 9 .5 0

3 0 9 .5 0 -3 8 5 .5 0
3 2 7 .0 0 3 9 2 .5 0
3 0 5 .0 0 3 7 2 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)* CLASS A ---NONHANUFACTURING -------

131
92

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

3 8 0 .5 0
3 8 0 .5 0

3 6 8 .0 0
3 5 5 .0 0

3 4 5 .0 0 3 4 5 .0 0 -

4 1 9 .0 0
4 2 2 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)* CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING -------

127
98

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 2 7 .0 0
3 2 0 .5 0

3 2 2 .0 0
3 0 9 .5 0

2 9 9 .0 0 2 9 9 .0 0 -

3 5 6 .0 0
3 4 5 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) --MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

303
118
185
40

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 6 .0 0
2 6 4 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

2 5 8 .5 0
2 6 4 .5 0
2 4 7 .5 0
2 7 4 .0 0

130
56
74

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 8 6 .0 0
2 9 3 .0 0
2 8 0 .5 0

2 8 0 .5 0
2 8 8 .0 0
2 7 6 .5 0

153
54
99

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 4 0 .5 0
2 4 5 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0

2 3 5 .0 0
2 4 2 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0 2 5 9 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0 -2 6 0 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0 2 5 3 .0 0

348
111
237
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 8 .5 0
212.00
2 3 6 .0 0
2 8 7 .0 0

2 1 6 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0
2 2 3 .5 0
3 0 9 .0 0

1 8 4 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 8 6 .0 0 2 3 6 .5 0 -

2 6 0 .0 0
2 4 1 .5 0
2 6 8 .0 0
3 2 8 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A
NONHANUFACTURING ---------

83
55

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 7 1 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0
2 6 0 .5 0

2 2 8 .0 0 2 2 8 .0 0 -

3 1 1 .0 0
3 3 1 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

232
59
173
33

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 1 3 .0 0
2 2 4 .5 0
2 5 2 .0 0

2 0 7 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0
2 7 3 .0 0

1 8 1 . 5 0 - 2 5 1 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0 2 5 9 .5 0
2 1 4 .5 0 3 0 9 .0 0

DRAFTERS ---------MANUFACTURING -NONMANUFACTURING

492
362
130

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 6 .5 0
2 4 7 .0 0
2 4 5 .5 0

2 4 1 .0 0
2 4 1 .5 0
2 3 8 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 2 1 1 .0 0 -

DRAFTERS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --

182
139

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 8 .0 0
2 9 2 .5 0

2 7 2 .5 0
2 8 2 .0 0

2 5 4 .5 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0
2 5 9 .0 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -NONNANUF ACTURIN6

239
173
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0
2 4 8 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0
2 4 9 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 2 1 3 .0 0 -

COMPUTER OPERATORS -MANUFACTURING ---NONHANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

*

W o r k e rs w e re distributed as follow s:

2 7 4 .5 0
2 7 7 .0 0
2 7 2 .5 0

6
4

27
25

22
20

18
14

16
10

10
4

13
6

31
8
23
8

5
5
3

9
2
7
7

6
6

8
8
8

1
1

24
4
20
2

41
13
28
2

-

37
15
22
2

52
21
31
4

56
28
28
4

33
21
12
-

8

2 6 4 .0 0 -3 0 1 .0 0
2 6 6 .5 0 3 0 1 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0 3 0 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) •
CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

3
3

8

2 2 4 . 5 0 - 2 8 8 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0
2 1 1 . 5 0 - .2 8 6 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0 3 1 9 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)•
CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------

5
5

35
29

10

20
7
13

37
15
22

25
19
6

26
7
19

3
3

5
2
3

-

18
1
17

7
-

14
2
12
-

34
12
22
8

29
15
14

32
14
18

19
13
6

8
2
6

5
1
4

2
2

4
“
4

41
13
28
-

66
20
46
6

33
15
18
2

43
14
29
-

28
7
21
3

9
1
8
8

24
6
18
11

9
3
6
6

10
1
9
9

5
3

16
12

12
2

16
10

4
3

4
4

6
3

10
9

4
4
-

8
5
3

34
11
23
-

57
14
43
6

17
11
6
2

31
4
27
-

11
1
10
2

5
5
5

17
6
11
7

3
3
3

11
10
1

8
6
2

13
5
8

41
36
5

85
60
25

70
48
22

81
59
22

53
40
13

45
35
10

9
2
7

23
19
4

5

8

5

1
1

4 at $460 to $480; and 6 at $480 to $ 500.

See footnotes at end of tables.

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

34
12
22
8

-

-

12
-

2
2

2 5 5 .5 0
2 4 5 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0

-

4
4

5
-

12

-

10
10
4

-

5

2

-

6
5

7
-

36
8
28

19
17
2

78
56
22

28
15
40
32
8

31
21
50
38
12

36
28
17
12
5

32
30
13
5
8

4
2
5
3

-

-

5

8
15
11
4

35
33
2

1

35
33

1

-

16
12

5
5

6
6
~

_

15
12
3
-

12
6

2

13
3
10

4
3

13
*1 0

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977— Continued
W e e k ly earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
w eek ly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
s

*
120

Me an 2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

*
130

$
140

$
150

$

*
160

170

S
180

$
200

$
220

S

*
240

26 0

t
280

$
300

*
320

*
340

*
360

*
380

t

S

$
400

420

440

and
u n d er
130

460
and

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

7
7

19
13

9
9

14
14

26
14

25
8

64
27

9
9

3

380

400

440

420

460 o v e r

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
DRAFTERS -

CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

194
101

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 9 .5 0
2 6 7 .0 0

2 9 2 .5 0
2 7 2 .5 0

2 6 0 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0
2 3 2 .5 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A-

126

4 0 .0

2 9 0 .5 0

2 9 1 .0 0

2 6 4 .5 0 -3 0 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

3

7

14

26

21

39

9

3

-

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS B-

51

4 0 .0

2 8 8 .5 0

3 0 9 .0 0

2 1 7 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

14

2

-

-

4

25

-

-

-

-

-

8

4

2
-

4

-

-

4

-

4

2

-

-

-

See footnotes at end o f tables.

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

W eekly
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - HEN
ORDER CLERKS ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONHANUFACTURING ---------

253
63
190

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
2 2 5 .5 0
2 1 2 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

(m e a n ^ )
Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
(standard)

S e x ,3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 3 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
SECRETARIES --------MANUFACTURING ---NONHANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRAOE ---

1 .1 5 1
434
717
176
75

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 0 9 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0
2 4 9 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0

3 9.5
39.5

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

I 49.5 0
2 5 1 .0 0
2 4 8 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL --NONMANUFACTURING --------

91
66

39.0
3 8 .5

1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

176
127

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 4 7 .0 0
2 4 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ---NONMANUFACTURING --------

86
73

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 9 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING --------

217
53
164

177
139

128
57
71

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ---NONHANUFACTURING --------

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -----------NONHANUFACTURING ---------

STENOGRAPHERS --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING --------

351
135
216

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 1 1 .0 0
2 1 4 .5 0
2 0 8 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING- MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTUR t-3--------

117
109

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING --------

284
132
152

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 6 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0
2 1 2 .5 0

TYPISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

590
104
486

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS E ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

212
61
151

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0

TYPISTS. CLASS A --------NONHANUFACTURING --------

115
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

■

S e e fo o tn o te s

at end o f t a b le s .

7

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977— Continued
Average
(mean2)

( mean^)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry divis ion

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS UONEN— CONTINUED

TYPISTS - CONTINUED
TYPISTS# CLASS 8 ---------------------------MANUFACTURING------------- -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

475
58
417

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ------------

272
113
159
37

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ------------

1# 109
257
852
102

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0
2 2 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS# CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------

392
105
287

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 7 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS# CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ------------

717
152
565
46

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

409
379

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

FILE CLERKS# CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

28 2
263

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------------

71

3 8 .5

1 2 5 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ---------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------------------

156
119

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSHANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

363
140
223
58

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------

222
114
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0

ORDER CLERKS# CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

182
75
107

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------—

241
61
180

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

3 5 4 .0 0
3 6 4 .5 0
3 5 0 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 #644
415
1 .2 2 9

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 2 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)# CLASS A --------------------N0NHANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------

121
86

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

3 8 1 .5 0
3 8 3 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS# CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ------ -----------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

646
193
453
116

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 4 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)# CLASS B --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

108
84

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 3 1 .0 0
3 2 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------------------

233
87
146
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 4 .0 0
2 7 1 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0

222

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

61
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

FI LE CLERKS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

ACCOUNTING CLERKS# CLASS B1
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

(mean^)

S e x , 3 occupation, and industry d ivision

CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)#
CLASS B ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------NONHANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S

100
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 5 2 .0 0
2 5 2 .5 0

198
59
139
32

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 6 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0
2 5 1 .0 0
3 2 7 .0 0

3 9 .0

2 7 3 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 3 2 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0

DRAFTERS -----------------MANUFACTURING ---NONHANUFACTURING

422
328
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 9 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0
2 4 6 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----

172
133

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 8 .0 0
2 9 3 .5 0

DRAFTERS# CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

68
124
90

194
148

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 8 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0

191
101

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 9 .0 0
2 6 7 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS# CLASS A
COMPUTER OPERATORS# CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

MANUFACTURING
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS# CLASS A-

123

4 0 .0

2 8 9 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS# CLASS B-

51

4 0 .0

2 8 8 .5 0

70

3 9 .0

2 3 0 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) ----COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU S IN E SS ).
CLASS B ------------------------------------------

65

4 0 .0

2 2 5 .0 0

BILLING-MACHINE BILLERS ---------------

52

4 0 .0

See footnotes at end of tables.

8

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 8 6 .5 0
2 8 1 .0 0

2 1 9 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 0 3 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2 4 3 .5 0

116
67

3 9 .0

134
87
25
94
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 0 7 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0

DRAFTERS ----------------------------------------------

MACHINE BILLERS ---------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)#
CLASS A -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

53

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S -----------------------

63

4 0 .0

2 2 0 .5 0

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division
Mean2

ALL

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE

----------------------

----------------------------------

ELECTRICIANS

MAN U FA C TU R IN G

Middle range 2

s
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

.2 0

s
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

*
6 .8 0

S
7 .0 0

s
7 .2 0

$
7 . 40

$
7 .6 0

s
7 .8 0

*
8 .0 0

s
8 .2 0

$
8 .6 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 . 60

7.8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 . 00 9 .4 0

-

~

-

~

-

10
6

-

11
1

2
2

6
6

13

-

-

-

1

8
8

5
2

5
1

13
11

*
9 .0 0

$
9 .4 0

$
*
9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0
and

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

over

WORKERS

CARPENTERS

MAN U FA C TU R IN G

Median2

*
$
5 . 0 0 5 .2 0
Unde
and
*
u n d er
5 .0 0
5 . 2 0 5 .4 0

------------------

---------------------------------

85
54

<
5
7 .5 5
8 .0 0

$
7 .0 0
7 .8 5

$
6 .5 5 6 .8 7 -

$
8 .0 0
8 .3 9

-

451
423

8 .2 1
8 .2 9

7 .8 5
7 .8 5

7 .6 8 7 .7 3 -

8 .4 8
8 .4 6

-

-

_

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

3

2
2
50
40

13
13

10
10

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

106
106

71
71

22
22

85
85

19
19

8
8

7
6

4
4

-

-

-

-

*5 0
50

--------------------------

51

7 .7 6

7 .8 5

7 .0 0 -

8 .4 8

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

2

5

-

-

-

14

2

11

5

-

-

4

-

M A I N T E N A N C E m a c h i n i s t s ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

344
338

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

7 .7 6
7 .7 6

7 .4 0 7 .4 0 -

7 .9 5
7 .9 5

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

10
10

10
10

56
55

123
120

45
45

7
7

30
28

8
8

5
5

-

-

8
8

-

-

1
1

32
32

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M AC H INERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

1 • 045
976
67

7 .9 9
7 .9 3
8 . 12

7 .9 5
7 .9 5
8 .3 0

7 .1 5 7 .1 5 7 .6 5 -

8 .4 6
8 .4 8
8 .3 9

i
1

4
4

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

61
61

82
82

62
62

81
81

130
128
2

13
5
6

60
48
12

21
21

5
5

72
72

-

'

"

343
298
45

12
6
6
6

46
41
5

17
~
17
17

22
10
12

21
21
~

7
7
“

425
12
413
325

3
1
2
“

151
18
133
133

-

-

28
28

6
6

-

”

27
27

~

-

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE

PAINTERS

M ECHA NICS

_

3
3

771
126
645
537

8 .3 2
7 .8 8
8 .4 0
8 .4 4

8 .3 0
7 .8 5
8 . 30
8 .3 0

8 .3 0 7 .2 0 8 .3 0 8 .3 0 -

8 .5 4
8 .4 8
8 .5 4
9 .2 6

116
112

7 .8 0
7 .8 4

7 .8 5
7 .8 5

7 .4 0 7 .4 0 -

81
81

7 .2 9
7 .2 9

7 .4 0
7 .4 0

7 .0 9 7 .0 9 -

----------------------------------

255
255

8 .0 9
8 .0 9

8 . 10
8 . 10

7 . 7 3 - 8 .5 0
7 . 7 3— 8 . 5 0

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

279
234

7 .5 1
7 .4 4

7 .4 0
7 .4 0

6 .7 2 6 .5 o -

8 .3 9
8 .5 2

-

-

-

-

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

141
137

5 .9 3
5 .9 3

6 .0 7
6 .0 7

5 .8 3 5 .8 3 -

6 .1 4
6 .1 4

12
12

17
17

1
1

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------MAINTENANCE

PIPEFITTERS

MAN U FA C TU R IN G
MACHINE-TOOL

TOOL

AND

DIE

----------------------------------

O PERAT ORS

MAN U FA C TU R IN G

(TOOuR OO H)

-

----------------------------------

MAKERS

M AN U FA CTU RIN G

--------------------

----------------------------

“

-

1
-

i
-

i
i
i

-

-

~

-

1
1

i
i

6 .4 8
8 .4 8

-

-

-

~

32

-

-

-

-

32
32

1
~

2
2

-

3
2

1
1

-

-

-

4

-

_

7 .6 2
7 .6 2

3
3

3
~

_

-

( MO TO R V E H I C L E S ) -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

_
-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

“

22
18

61
61

* W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 10.60 to $ 11.
See footnotes at end of tables.

9

1
1

-

_

-

-

50
50

"

102
*1 0 2

18

5
5

-

18
18

“

“

-

-

-

-

_

-

~

4
4

4
4

-

14
14

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

8
8

15
15

15
15

18
18

1
1

7
7

-

_

-

-

~

4
4

10
10

10
10

1
1

28
28

18
18

14
14

58
58

64
64

40
40

56
56

11
11

15
15

-

2
2

7

77
60

-

-

10
10

19
19

63
42

-

12
12

-

4
4

-

-

4
4

-

-

4
4

4
4

-

~

1
1

10
10

~

-

“

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry division

Nunpber
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

i
Median2

Middle range 2

$

2 .2 0
Mean 2

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

and

_

“5
_

$

i

I

i

2 .8 0
_

i

i

3 .0 0

_

_

i

3 .2 0
_

_

fi

$

3 .4 0
_

*

*

3 .6 0

*

I

3 .8 0

5

4 .0 0

5

I

S

4 .2 0 4 .6 0

i

5 .0 0

*

%

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

_

and

under
2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

4
4

9
5
4

26
14

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

15

54
37
17
4

248
128

52
42

120
1
2

10

889
38
851
4 38

38

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

87 1194
7
135
80 1059
2 520

354
81
273
273
-

over

ALL WORKERS

8 .2 6
7 .8 5

$
8 .3 9
7 .5 3
8 .3 9
8 .5 4
8 .3 9

$
$
7 . 5 7 - 8 .5 4
6 . 7 0 - 8 .5 0
7 . 6 3 - 8 .5 4
7 . 7 8 - 8 .5 6
7 . 4 8 - 8 .3 9

274
57

6 .4 2
5 .3 7

7 .4 5
5 .2 9

5 .8 4 3 .2 7 -

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK ----NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

425
353
336

8 .0 6
8 .0 7
8. 12

8 .4 9
7 .7 8
7 .7 8

7 . 7 8 - . 8 .5 6
7 . 7 8 - 8 .5 6
7 . 7 8 - 8 .5 6

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

547
119
428
283

7 .8 7
7 .4 7
7 .9 8
8 .2 9

7 .7 6
7 .0 6
7 .7 6
8 .5 6

7 .4 4 6 .4 4 7 .6 3 7 .6 6 -

8 .5 6
8 .4 2
8 .5 6
8 .5 6

18

TRUCKDRIVERS* TRACTOR-TRAILER MANUFACTURING ----------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

1 *6 9 0
277
1 .4 1 3
619

8.11
7 .6 8
8 .1 9
8 .3 2

8 .3 9
7 .3 1
8 .3 9
8 .5 4

7 .6 9 6 .9 6 7 .6 9 7 .6 9 -

8 .5 4
8 .8 5
8 .5 4
8 .6 5

1
1

-

-

-

-

SHIPPERS -------------------------

157

112

6 .9 3
6 .9 1

7 .1 7
7 . 13

6 .4 6 6 .6 2 -

7 .5 6
7 .2 7

17
2

4
4

RECEIVERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

157
81
76

6 .6 4
6 .4 1
6 .8 9

7 .0 0

7 .2 7
7 .2 7
7 .5 0

i
i

13

7 .0 0

6 .1 2 6 .0 3 6 .4 6 -

-

13

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

210

7 .2 1

-

-

7 .5 0

8 .0 0
7 .1 3
8 .1 4

-

6.86

6 .8 9 6 .3 2 6 .9 4 -

-

94
116

7 .2 0
6 .8 9
7 .2 0

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

1 *392
370
272
318

6 .6 3
5 .5 2
7 .0 3
7 .6 1
6 .9 5

7 .0 9
5 .8 1
7 .2 6
7 .6 3
7 .2 6

6 .0 2 4 .6 2 7 .0 9 7 .6 3 7 .1 0 -

7 .2 7
6 .0 7
7 .6 3
7 .6 3
7 .2 7

ORDER FILLERS -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

1 *1 9 2
454
738
314

6 .4 1
4 .8 1
7 .3 9
7 .2 6

6 .7 2
4 .4 5
7 .9 7
7 .9 7

4 .8 5 3 .2 0 6 .9 4 7 .0 2 -

7 .9 7
6 .7 0
7 .9 7
7 .9 7

SHIPPIN6 PACKERS ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

440
363

4 .3 4
3 .9 1

3 .7 7
3 .7 3

3 .1 5 2 .7 9 -

6 .1 6
4 .3 6

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---- -------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

620
249
371
184
57

6 .7 6
6 .7 3
6 .7 9
7 .8 0
5 .8 0

7 .2 7
7 .2 7
6 .9 1
8 .5 0
5 .5 0

5 .2 9 4 .6 7 5 .6 9 6 .8 5 5 .2 2 -

8 .5 0
7 .3 6
8 .5 0
8 .5 0
7 .4 3

TRUCK0RIV E R S ---------------- ---MANUFACTURING ----------------N0NMANUF ACTURING-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

3 *003
528
2 .4 7 5
1 .2 3 9
312

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK -----MANUFACTURING -----------------

M AN U FA C TU R IN G

----------------------------------

1*022

$
7 .9 1
7 .4 3

8.01

6.88

16

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

16
5

16

~

-

16

21

-

16

“

8
1

4
4

-

7
“

6

12

10
5

1

7
5

1
1

17
4

1

8
1

-

12

9
4
4

2
2

28
28

68

2

5
5

139
7

5
5

2
2

185
179
170

-

197

202

16
-

16

-

4
4

4
4

9
5

5

8

2
2
“

20
-

26
26

-

_

-

-

-

215
161
161

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

241
40

15
15

-

-

7 .4 5
7 .0 5

-

“

22
6

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

5

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
1

-

-

204
192
12
12

52
46
6

-

1
1

10
10

-

-

5
5

7
2
5

-

6
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

37
32
5

44
43
1

108
33
75

-

15
14
1

12

482
10
472
12
239

268
8
260
260

-

-

21

16

480

-

21
21

16
4

480
195

-

-

117
111
6

108
43
65

-

85

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

14
14

36
-

3
3

-

-

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

49
15
34
34

-

-

-

139

-

-

-

60
60

15
14
1

95
14
3

3
3

10

-

-

-

10

-

-

3

53
2
51
2
1

16
15
1
1

29
26
3

25
16
9

3

3

-

-

6

23
23
8
11

-

i
i

-

-

6

-

2
1

10

85

-

22
6
16

-

_

4
1

See footnotes at end of tables.

48
13
35

-

1
1

1

22
6
16

10

4

1

45
19
26

8
8

-

2
1
1

3

57
28
29

21
17
4

106
103

1

*

-

-

-

2

-

95
~

16
11

-

-

-

-

“

9
9

4

-

15

"

37
37

1

-

15
6
9
6
3

16
16

1

18
5
13

_

7
7

-

20
10
10

72

-

-

1

46
18
28

14
8
6

6U
60

-

10

84
84

~

-

18
15
3

9
7
2

21

15
15

~

-

173
142
31

11
11

-

_

-

29

13
13

4

_

97
11
86

4
4

-

_

i

-

1

31
5

29
29

6

-

-

21
21

13
10

1
22
22

24
24

17
16
1

32
31

10
10

15

60
60

3
1
2

339
66
273
273

10

12

6
6

692
41
651
158

~

43
16
27
27

33
25
8
8

-

63
1
62
2

19
11
8

1

-

13
13

14
13
1

ii
5
6
6

6

366
23
343
186

188
128
60

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

201
201

-

-

-

-

139
130
9

-

-

_

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

6

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977r—Continued
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

s
S
S
t
S
S
S
s
$
S
$
«
$
2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.60 5.00
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

t
S
S
$
s
S
S
$
S
5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60 9.00

and
u n d er

2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60 9.00

over

1 .1 8 1
655
526

$
7 .1 4
6 .4 6
7 .9 8

$
6 .8 2
6 .4 4
8 .0 6

$
6 .4 1 6 .0 7 8 .0 6 -

$
8 .0 6
6 .8 1
8 .5 6

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN FORKLIFT) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

381
371

6 .2 7
6 .2 4

6 .2 1
6 .2 1

5 .8 4 5 .8 4 -

6 .4 4
6 .4 4

GUARDS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 .2 4 8
83
1 .1 6 5

2 .9 7
4 .7 4
2 .8 5

2 .7 0
4 .6 0
2 ,7 0

2 .6 0 3 .9 5 2 .6 0 -

2 .9 5
4 .6 6
2 .9 5

GUARDS. CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 .2 2 6
83
1 .1 4 3

2 .9 4
4 .7 4
2 .8 1

2 .7 0
4 .6 0
2 .7 0

2 .6 0 3 .9 5 2 .6 0 -

2 .9 5
4 .6 6
2 .9 0

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1 .6 5 6
494
1 .1 6 2
165
282

4 .3 5
5 .0 4
4 .0 5
4 .5 2
3 .8 4

4 .1 7
5 .1 0
4 . 14
4 .7 3
4 . 19

4 .7 3
6 .0 7
4 .1 9
5 .0 0
4 .1 9

1

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

0
3

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

4 .1 8 3 .8 1 3 .9 0 3 .5 0 -

3
3

-

6
6

-

18
18

_

1

-

670
-

-

-

-

-

-

288

93

38

7

2

46
22
24

19
2
17

46
22
24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

670

288

93

38

7

2

-

1

670

288

93

38

7

2

-

-

1

670

288

93

38

7

2

11

7

34

51

35

-

4

11

67
20

7

30

-

-

40
4

75

-

3
32
8

124
49

114

11
11

44
4
40

22

47
4

106
17

8

19

49

38

1

7

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

11

8

-

-

16
6
10

39
34
5

5

-

-

-

11
2
9

12
6
6

34
34
-

187
68
119

70
23
47
36

125
54
71
61

7

6

294
250
44

151
147
4

73
26
47

69
58
11

243

176

243

176

151
151

155
154

60
60

6

8
5

1
1

8
8

12
11
1

4

-

-

4

*

8
8

11
11

-

-

69

12

69
-

3
3

12

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

5

530
25
505

113
112
i

“

_

_
-

33
33

-

125

3
9

5
5

-

-

62
62

103
91
12

10
2

-

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings'*

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number Average
( mean^)
of
hourly
earnings4

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS --------------------MANUFACTURING--------------- ----------------

74
53

$
7 .7 1
8 .0 4

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

450
423

8 .2 1
8 .2 9

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ------------------------

50

7 .8 2

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

344
338

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 *0 3 6
969
67

8 .0 1
8 .0 0
8 .1 2

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S -----------------------

758
126
632
524

8 .3 5
7 .8 8
8 .4 4
8 .4 9

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

112
112

7 .8 4
7 .8 4

hourly

ORDER FILLERS --------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

834
228
606

$
7 .1 7
6 .3 6
7 .4 7

6 .6 5
5 .4 0

MATERIAL HANDLIN6 LABORERS
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

540
212
328
50

7 .0 3
7 .1 5
6 .9 5
6 .1 4

420
348
331

8 .0 8
8 .0 9
8 .1 5

FORKLIFT OPERATORS MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

1 *0 8 8
649
439

7 .0 7
6 .4 7
7 .9 7

546
118
428
283

7 .8 7
7 .4 8
7 .9 8
8 .2 9

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING ---------

381
371

6 .2 7
6 .2 4

1 .6 8 9
276
1 *4 1 3
619

8 .1 1
7 .6 9
8 .1 9
8 .3 2

GUARDS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

1 *1 7 3
81
1 *092

2 .9 6
4 .7 0
2 .8 3

SHIPPERS ------------MANUFACTURING

156
112

6 .9 2
6 *9 1

GUARDS* CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---NONHANUFACTURING

1 *1 5 5
81
1 .0 7 4

2 .9 4
4 .7 0
2 .8 1

1 .0 7 4
401

4 .3 9
5 .2 5

GUARDS ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

71
69

2 .9 0
2 .8 0

GUARDS. CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------- -------

71
69

2 .9 0
2 .8 0

2 .9 7 8
524
2 .4 5 4
1 1234
296

$
7 .9 4
7 .4 5
8 .0 5
8 .2 7
8 .1 1

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ------------------

256
55

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK
NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S
RETAIL TRADE ------

TRUCKDRIVERS* TRACTOR-TRAILER
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S -----------------

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

81
81

7 .2 9
7 .2 9

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

255
255

8 .0 9
8 .0 9

RECEIVERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURIN6

157
81
76

6 .6 4
6 .4 1
6 .8 9

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

279
234

7 .5 1
7 .4 4

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS
MANUFACTURING ---------

181
93

7 .0 9
6 .8 9

BOILER TENDERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

136
136

5 .9 4
5 .9 4

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S RETAIL TRADE --------

1 .3 3 5
336
999
271
296

6 .6 8
5 .6 2
7 .0 4
7 .6 1
6 .9 7

See footnotes at end of tables.

(mean2)
erig4
anns

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM* AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN

Average
S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s

M a y 1973
to
M a y 1974

M a y 1974
to
M a y 1975

M a y 1975
to
M a y 1976

10.3
10.4

8 .3
7 .7

( 6)
10.6
11.0

( 6)
1 0 .3

8.0

10.8

8 .7

(6)

(6)

4. 2

7.8
9.3

( 6)
11.3
11.1

n
( 6)
1 0 .0

5.6

9.3

10.0

8 .1

( 6)
( 6)
8.2

( 6)
( 6)
6.7

( 6)
( 6)
10.7

( 6)
( 6)
8.6

M a y 1972
to
M a y 1973

......

5.4

9.0

_
_

( 6)
4.6
7.0
7.2

( 6)
4.3
7.3
7.9

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l _ _
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
_
_ _
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ________________________________

4.7
( 6)
3.5
4.7
5.9

See footnotes at end of tables.

13

9 .1

n .6

M a y 1976
to
M a y 1977

9.2
7.9
( 6)
10.0
7.8

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
10.0
9.7

8.8
7.5
( 6)
6.7

office workers—large establishments in Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1977
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g st ra ig ht -t im e w ee kl y earnings of —
$

S

$

$

$

s

$

S

S

$

S

S

*

*

S

S

t

$

S

S

$

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

-

-

-

3
-

-

3
-

38
21
17
5

67
38
29
3

60
22
38
9

57
27
30
8

-

48
30
18
“

26
20
6
i

82
48
34
7

49
25
24
16

29
7
22
1

46
8
38
2

20
3
17
“

30
4
26

-

37
16
21
4

45
20
25

-

13
4
9
1

5
2
3
“

2
2
“

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3

4
3

6
3

3
2

13
10

1
-

7
3

8
5

26
24

3
3

-

-

3
3

5

-

1
1

-

3
3

5
5

10
2
8

12
4
8

11
3
8

21
13
8

11
8
3

15
14
1

39
29
10
8

19
8
11
6

19
19
19

29
2
27
27

7
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

41
7

31
14

25
7

10
6

18
10

4
3

15
13

13
12

3
3

8
8

-

-

-

17
1

90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

657
295
362
57

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 1 3 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0

2 0 1 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0

$
$
1 7 0 .5 0 -2 4 4 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0 - 2 2 7 . 5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 7 2 . 5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

85
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 6 9 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0

2 8 4 .0 0
3 0 0 .5 0

2 1 7 .5 0 -3 3 3 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0 -3 3 3 .5 0

202
83
119
67

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 8 .0 0
2 1 6 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0
2 7 5 .5 0

2 2 7 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0
2 8 1 .5 0

1 9 5 .5 0 - 2 6 2 . 5 0
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 2 8 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0 -2 8 5 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0 -2 9 4 .5 0

200
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 9 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0

125

3 9 .0

1 7 4 .0 0

122
106
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 9 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0
2 1 6 .0 0

73
65
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

170
70

and
u n d er

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1 6 4 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

3
1

1 6 7 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

-

-

2

10

22

15

16

14

13

10

7

2

9

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0
2 2 7 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -2 3 8 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -2 3 7 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -2 6 0 .5 0

-

11
11

4
2

13
13
12

14
12
6

2
2
2

3
2
2

1
“

5
3
3

18
16
16

8
2
2

18
18
18

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

7
7
6

-

-

8
8
-

4
4

-

5
5
-

1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0
2 4 7 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0
2 5 6 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0 -2 6 1 .5 0

_
-

5
5

11
11

8
8

4
4

4
2

-

-

6
4

-

1

1
-

3
3
3

13
12
12

3
2
2

13
13
13

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

-

35
1
34

16
3
13

18
8
10

22
12
10

31
19
12

12
11
1

12
8
4

-

4
1
3

3
2
1

2
2

-

1
1
“

10
**
10

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

“

~

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

16
13

18
10

19
9

19
12

3
1

7
4

2
2

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
34

-

85

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

248
221
54

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

35
35

84
78

36
29

14
10

8
6

15
15
14

4
4
4

8
8
8

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_

"

2
2
2

-

-

9
9
7

-

-

12
9
6

2
1

-

15
11
9

71
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 6 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1 4 0 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0

-

6
5

5
4

3
3

14
10

7
6

9
9

2
2

1
1

15
15

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

-

2
2

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

161
144

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

35
35

81
75

30
24

7
4

5
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

98
75

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

10
7

14
14

27
24

20
10

3
3

3
2

3

-

-

11
10

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68

3 9 .5

1 8 5 .0 0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 4 6 .5 0 -2 2 1 .5 0

-

-

2

4

3

10

71

4 0 .0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

-

-

7

7

5

54

4 0 .0

1 5 6 .5 0

1 4 3 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

-

-

7

7

5

100

121

-

14

-

1
“

-

“

-

-

“

“

~

-

-

“

*
_

-

1
1

-

-

~

-

2
2

1

1

~

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

7

7

4

1

5

1

7

8

-

3

-

-

-

-

10

7

3

4

7

6

6

3

2

2

-

2

-

-

-

~

10

6

1

4

7

3

2

-

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings1
( standard)

Occupation and industry di vis ion

umber
of
orkers

Average
weekly
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
t

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

*

f

S

S

S

$

s

*

s

t

S

$

S

S

$

s

t

*

$

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

21
2
19
12

36
10
26
16

27
11
16
13

41
21
20
18

35
16
19
8

36
28
8
4

30
19
11
1

34
15
19
5

32
14
18
12

24
11
13
9

52
8
44
1

58
11
47
4

243
2
241
187

23
1
22

111
4
107

17

-

-

-

28

-

-

-

-

11
-

17

-

11
1
10
10

-

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

12
12

8
7

19
17

18
17

18
14

10
8

8
7

10
8

14
10

56
2

17
1

89
2

28

11

17

-

-

-

-

-

27
9
18
6

17
11
6
1

12
2
10
6

16
1
15
9

22
6
16
5

16
4
12
2

42

44
i
43
39

187

6

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

187
42

6
6

22
2
20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

7
4

3

6
2

5
4

1
1

11
6
6

15
12
3

12
10
10

21
17
16

1
1
-

_

_

_

14
1
13
13

45
7

90
and
u n d er
100

-

ALL UORKERS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------RETAIL TRADE ----------

870
174
696
300

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
2 2 1 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0

$
2 3 8 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
2 4 3 .5 0
2 4 3 .5 0

$
$
1 7 3 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0 - 2 6 8 . 5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------

336
106

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 1 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0

2 5 3 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 - 2 9 8 . 0 0
1 6 4 .5 0 -2 0 5 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

534
68
466
177

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 0 2 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
2 0 8 .5 0
2 2 9 .0 0

2 1 8 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
2 2 4 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 4 3 . 5 0
2 1 4 .5 0 -2 5 2 .5 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------NONHANUF ACTURIN6-------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

111
70
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 6 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0
2 7 1 .5 0

2 2 5 .0 0
2 4 3 .5 0
2 7 5 .5 0

1 5 8 .5 0 -2 7 1 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0 -2 8 1 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0 -2 8 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

512
138
374
97

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0
2 2 3 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -2 2 9 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 8 3 . 0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS^ CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURIN6 --------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

271
94
177
64

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0
2 5 3 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0 -2 4 2 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 5 3 .5 0
2 1 4 .5 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORSt CLASS B
NONNANUFACTURING ---------

241
197

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

-

-

-

~

-

_

21
2
19
-

36
10
26
“

26
10
16

-

11
1
10
-

-

29
9
20
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

11
2

11
8

-

-

2

2

-

-

23
1
22
-

-

3

-

-

40
6
34
-

9

57
21
36
2

67
20
47
10

57
19
38
4

52
23
29
8

44
22
22

17
12
5
-

26
10
16

30
20
10

34
22
12

-

-

-

22
17
5
3

50
42

31
22

22
19

10
10

14
13

-

-

-

-

3

9

-

-

-

-

17
11
6
-

-

2
2

20
19

31
25

40
30

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

15

-

36
18
18
4

7
5
2
3
1
2

9
2
7
4
5

-

42
41
1
-

18
-

18
18

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

38
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

38

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
~

-

-

5
2

17
17

9
1
8
8

38
7

4

4

1
1

5
5

7
7

38

_

_

38

3
1

~

45

-

2

17

-

28

_

3
1

38
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of w o r k er s re ce iv in g st rai gh t- ti me w eek ly earnings of—

s

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Occupation and industry di vis ion

160

s

$

170

180

190

200

210

220

$
240

s
260

s
280

$
300

$
320

s
340

s

360

380

400

s

420

$

440

s

460

$
480

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

15
6
9

11

18

24

6

8

12

16

11

17
7
10

4

6

21
10

11

2
9

4

6

Unde r
and
$
under
160

170

ALL U0RKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

3 5 4 .5 0
3 4 8 .0 0
3 5 8 .0 0

3 4 5 .5 0
3 4 6 .5 0
3 4 5 .5 0

3 1 0 .5 0 3 9 5 .0 0
3 1 7 .0 0 - 3 8 2 . 0 0
3 1 0 .5 0 4 0 5 .0 0

3 8 6 .0 0

3 8 4 .0 0

3 3 5 .0 0 -4 3 6 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

154
56
98

3 3 8 .5 0
3 4 0 .5 0

3 3 6 .5 0
3 2 6 .0 0

3 0 8 .5 0 3 0 9 .5 0 -

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 8 .5 0
2 5 7 .0 0
2 6 0 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0

2 6 3 .0 0
2 6 4 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0
2 7 4 .0 0

2 2 9 .0 0 - 2 9 1 . 0 0
2 3 1 .5 0 2 8 2 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0 3 0 0 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 3 1 9 .5 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US INE SS) . CLASS A -------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BU SINE SS). CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

168
87

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU S IN E SS ).
CLASS A -----------------------------------------

2 1 8 .5 0 -

DRAFTERS. CLASS B

19
10
9
2

2 8 9 .0 0
3 0 9 .0 0
3 4 6 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0 -

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----

12
10

16
10
4

20
5
15

14
4

8

11
7

11
7
9
2
7
7

2 6 5 .0 0

1 9 7 .5 0 2 0 1 .0 0 2 9 8 .5 0 -

3 4 0 .5 0

1 8 6 .0 0 1 8 7 .5 0 -

2 5 1 .5 0
2 6 8 .5 0

2 5 0 .5 0
2 3 2 .5 0

2 1 7 .5 0 2 1 1 .0 0 -

2 7 4 .5 0
2 6 2 .0 0

2 6 8 .5 0
2 6 2 .5 0

2 5 5 .5 0 2 5 2 .0 0 -

2 8 5 .5 0
2 8 1 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0 -

2 6 2 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 4 5 .0 0
2 5 8 .0 0
3 2 3 .5 0

2 3 6 .5 0
2 5 1 .5 0
3 2 4 .5 0

3 9 .'5
3 9 .5

143
96
36

2 2 2 .0 0
2 3 2 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 9 .5 0
2 3 6 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 5 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A

DRAFTERS ------------MANUFACTURING

3 6 6 .5 0
3 7 9 .5 0

2 6 4 .5 0 - 3 0 0 . 0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U SIN ES S) .
CLASS B ----------------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS ---NONr At FACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S

10

167
115

19

12

13
9
3

27
17

24
19

22
14

10

16
8

10
5

30
25

13
7

19
19

14
14

10

9
9

13
6

10

See footnotes at end of tables.

16

7
4

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
A v era g e

R E T A IL

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

610

3 9 .5

------------------------------

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 0 6 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0

B ----------------------------------------------

77

3 9 .0

58

3 9 .0

2 7 2 .5 0
2 7 3 .5 0

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

$
2 1 2 .5 0

272
338
57

t

C LAS S

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

3 9 .5

C ---------------------------------------------------

82

4 0 .0

2 1 7 .0 0

--------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

183

4 0 .0

1 9 1 .5 0

84

4 0 .0

125

3 9 .0

1 7 4 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------

106
90

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 0 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0

-----------------

62

3 9 .0

CO M PUTER

150

3 8 .5

136

3 8 .5

1 0 8 .0 0

----------------------

56

3 9 .0

151

4 0 .0

CLASS

0

C L A S S A ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

A C C O U N T IN G

C LERK S.

GENERAL

162

T Y P IS T S .

CLASS

B

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-----------------------------------------------------

3 9 .0

PA YR O LL

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

118

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 4 .0 0

3 6 0 .0 0
3 6 4 .5 0

64

3 9 .5

3 8 7 .5 0

B ----------------------

60

3 9 .0

3 4 3 .0 0

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

133
64
69
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 2 .0 0
2 6 0 .5 0
2 6 3 .0 0
2 6 7 .5 0

168

2 7 4 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0

C LERK S!

N 0 N M A N U F A C T U R IN 6 :
P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S

------------------------

-------------------------------

-------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------OPERATORS.

SYSTEM S

(B U S IN E S S ).

ANALYSTS

C LAS S

A ----------------------

ANALYSTS

C LAS S

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A1
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------KEYPU NCH

SYSTEM S

1 8 4 .5 0

4 0 .0

CLASS

B

71

3 9 .5

2 8 5 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

101
70
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 5 7 .0 0
2 7 0 .5 0
3 2 7 .0 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

28

130
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 1 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------

57
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 4 .5 0
2 6 2 .5 0

B -----------------------------

63

2 3 9 .5 0

2 7 0 .5 0

436
114
322

3 9 .0

1 7 1 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0

81

4 0 .0

1 6 8 .5 0

229

3 9 .0

1 5 2 .5 0

196

3 9 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

82

2 4 3 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

Bl

1 4 3 .0 0

70
92

C LAS S

4 0 .0

91

60

CLERK S.

nMHUrAw1UKINb

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

(B U S IN E S S ).

259

D RAFTERS.

See footnotes at end o f tables.

17

$

133
89

-------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------

CO M PUTER

A C C O U N T IN G

STENOGRAPH ERS.

A N ALYSTS

( B U S IN E S S )

CO M PUTER

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

S E C R E T A R IE S .

SYSTEM S

1 7 4 .5 0

O PERATORS

1 7 4 .0 0

C LAS S

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

1 7 7 .0 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S :
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------

2 1 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S .

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN

2 2 2 .0 0

180

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

-

IL L tsL l.t\K 9 LL
.
j C
wUlrn ANUr ml i un i nb

S W IT C H B O A R D
S E C R E T A R IE S .

W eekly
(standard)

WOMEN

----------------------------------------

TRAOE

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

CLASS

o

O FFIC E
S E C R E T A R IE S

W eek ly
hours
(standard)

Number
of
workers

•e
o

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry div is ion

Average
(mean2)

A vera ge
(m ean 2 )

( m ea n 2 )
Number
of
workers

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Hourly earnings

*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e ho u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Number

Occupation and industry division

of
Mean 2

Median*

Middle range 2

%
t
$
6 . 0 0 6 . 20 6 . 4 0
U nder
^
and
. „ „ u n d er
6 .0 0
6 . 2 0 6 . 40 6 . 6 0

t
6 .6 0

$
6 .8 0

$
$
7 . 00 7 .2 0

$
7 .4 0

7 .6 0

*
7 .8 0

s
8 .0 0

$
8 .2 0

$
8 .4 0

*
8 .6 0

$
8 .8 0

*
9 .0 0

*
9 .2 0

$
9 .4 0

S
9 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 . 20 7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .4 0

9 .6 0

9 f(J0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 0 0

13

-

-

%

S
$
S
9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------

57

$
7 .6 8

$
7 .6 2

$
6 .5 0 -

$
7 .9 5

3

11

8 .6 4
8 .6 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

8 .4 8
8 .4 9

-

-

-

-

1
1

8 .4 8
8 .4 8

7 . 7 3 - 1 0 .6 8
7 . 7 5 - 1 0 .6 8

10
10

1
1

-

8 .4 3
8 .5 7

8 .4 7
8 .4 7

7 .8 5 8 .3 0 -

9 .2 6
9 .2 6

3
3

2
2

66
62

8 .1 0
8 .2 0

8 .4 8
8 .4 8

7 .8 5 7 .8 5 -

8 .4 8
8 .4 8

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

62
62

7 .3 8
7 .3 8

7 .4 0
7 .4 0

7 .2 3 7 .2 3 -

7 .6 2
7 .6 2

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

140
140

8 .3 1
8 .3 1

8 .3 4
8 .3 4

8 .0 8 8 .0 8 -

8 .5 6
8 .5 6

-

-

-

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ------------------------

60

8 .0 9

8 .3 9

7 .9 5 -

8 .3 9

1

1

1

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

250
243

8 .6 0
8 .6 5

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

7 .8 5 7 .8 5 -

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

188
185

8 .4 4
8 .4 4

7 .9 5
7 .9 5

7 .7 6 7 .7 6 -

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

343
330

8 .6 8
8 .7 1

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

172
137

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

5

2

1

6

-

5
2*

5
1

-

-

3
3

24
24

71
71

19
19

8
8

1
1

_

-

1

-

-

50
50

45
45

1
1

42
42

2
2

1
1

-

42
42

1
1

2

3

_

-

-

4

3
2
-

_

8

-

15
15

15
15
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2

7

-

2

1

-

“
-

1

-

6

4

-

4
4

_
-

-

-

50
50

-

-

32
32

-

102
102

-

54
54

6
6

5
5

7
7

4
2

26
26

8
8

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

16
16

_

_

93
88

25
25

_

_

_

_

-

-

15

17
17

-

1
1

8
8

2

1
-

38
38

25
13

3
2

-

-

41
41

11
11

7
7

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
27

1
1

2
2

-

4
4

-

4

4

4

27
27

-

_

-

-

28
28

14
14

1
1
10
10

33
33

18
18

28
28

10

5

21

-

-

-

2
2

14
14

-

~

-

_
-

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.

18

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Num ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings o f—

Hourly earnings 4

S

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

of
workers

Mean ^

Me di an*

Middle range *

$

$

$

S

*

$

S

s

S

S

1

*

$

$

$

S

t

$

%

s

$

S

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

•20

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

and
under
2 .6 0

over

ALL UORKERS

TRUCKDRI V E R S -----------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------

$
606

8 .0 1

$
8 .3 9

$
7 .7 8 -

$
8 .3 9

563

8 .1 8

8 .3 9

7 .7 8 -

8 .3 9

8 .3 9 -

8 .3 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

4

2

-

-

-

8

5

-

IS

1

3

21

177

275

71

5
-

1

-

3

20

174

2 /4

71

16

-

_

-

-

9

274

20

16
16

16

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER
NONMANUF A CTUR I N G ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

320

8 .4 0

8 .3 9

318

8 .4 2

8 .3 9

8 .3 9 -

8 .3 9

8

274

20

40

8 .4 4

8 .4 6

8 .2 7 -

8 .6 5

2

18

20

-

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS --------

66

7 .7 5

8 .1 3

7 .2 5 -

8 .1 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------ORDER FILLERS -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

188

5 .5 0

5 .4 6

4 .7 1 -

6 .3 6

130

5 .0 5

5 .0 1

4 .4 4 -

5 .6 6

58

6 .5 1

6 .7 3

6 .3 5 -

7 .4 7

7 .9 7

7 .9 3 -

7 .9 7

-

-

1

2

19

7

9

1

2

13

7

9

1

-

-

-

-

5

13

22

23

5

13

22

23

~

-

26

_

“

“

6

“

1

2

1

1

4

-

5

1

-

-

10

6

1

2

4

3

1

3

2

3

5

1

-

-

2

2

1

1

3

1

-

-

-

2

1

2

1

1

1

-

-

-

3

-

“

“

7 .1 0

474

-

7 .7 2

7 .9 7

7 .9 7 -

7 .9 7

219

6 .6 6

7 .2 7

6 .0 0 -

7 .2 7

136

6 .5 4

6 .8 1

5 .5 0 -

8 .2 8

1

1

4

84

6 .9 7

6 .8 5

6 .1 1 -

8 .5 0

*

-

-

52

5 .8 6

5 .5 0

4 .9 8 -

7 .4 3

FORKLIFT OPERATORS -----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

406

7 .2 0

6 .8 4

6 .7 6 -

8 .0 6

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE -

-

-

-

1

5

41

5

29
12

_

_

4

22

7

12

1

-

-

21

7

12

-

30

21

4

328
328

-

-

-

27

21

4

4

17

8

23

-

20

83

20

10

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

4

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

10

2

24

22

76

90

14

3

2

24

21

75

79

14

1

11

-

4

17

b

22

*

4

3

8

19

-

-

“
3

3

3

3

14

1

1

-

_
-

3

226

6 .5 8

6 .7 8

6 .5 5 -

6 .8 2

180

7 .9 9

8 .0 6

8 .0 6 -

8 .0 6

53

4 .9 9

4 .3 4

3 .9 5 -

6 .2 4

1

1

-

-

1

-

1

10

8

7

-

-

-

551

4 .6 7

4 .5 5

4 .1 9 -

5 .0 4

-

-

-

2

21

19

51

18

143

ii

11

45

103

10

60

57

5 . 16

5 . 10

4 .5 0 -

5 .9 6

-

4 .3 1

4 . 19

3 .9 5 -

4 .7 3

-

-

4 .0 1

4 .1 9

3 .7 8 -

4 .1 9

-

8

11

17

-

-

9

30

9

30
30

9

-

34
34

_
-

160

4

-

-

-

2

3

160

4

-

2

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

315
208

236

12

26

440

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------RETAIL TRAOE --------------

GUARDS -------------------------

1

-

3

5

14

8

19

8

6

13

46

9

50

55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

18

14

37

10

124

3

5

32

57

1

10

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

18

13

37

1

124

3

2

4

2

1

See footn otes at end o f tables.

19

2

Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by se xlarge establishments in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Sex,

3

occupation, and industry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM• AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN
249
243

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

188
185

8 .4 4
8 .4 4

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

334
321

8 .7 7
8 .8 1

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

159
124

8 .5 8
8 .7 7

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER S ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

62
62

8 .2 0
8 .2 0

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

62
62

7 .3 8
7 .3 8

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

140
140

8 .3 1
8 .3 1

---------------------------

Average
(m ean *)
hourly
earnings4

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM* AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MEN— CONTINUED

$
8 .6 1
8 .6 5

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS

Number
of
workers

60

$

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

597
558

8 .0 5
8 .2 0

TRUCKDRIVERS* TRACTOR-TRAILER ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------------

319
318
40

8 .4 1
8 .4 2
8 .4 4

WAREHOUSEMEN

146

5 .6 6

FORKLIFT OPERATORS!
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

220

6 .6 1

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

180

5 .3 7

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

20

------------------------------------------------------------

B. E stablishm ent practices and supplem entary w a g e provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g

Minimum weekly straight-tim e sa la ry 7

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 9 o f ---

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

ESTABLISHMENTS STUOIEO

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVIN6 A SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ----------------------------------------------< 8 5 .0 0
< 8 7 .5 0
* 9 0 .0 0
< 9 2 .5 0
< 9 5 .0 0
< 9 7 .5 0
* 1 0 0 .0 0
* 1 0 5 .0 0
* 1 1 0 .0 0
*1 1 5 .0 0
*1 2 0 .0 0
< 125 .00
*1 3 0 .0 0
*1 3 5 .0 0
*1 4 0 .0 0
*1 4 5 .0 0
$15 0.00
$15 5.00
$16 0.00
*1 6 5 .0 0
*1 7 0 .0 0
*1 7 5 .0 0
$ 18 0.00
*1 8 5 .0 0

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
A NO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UN0ER
UNDER
UNDER

* 8 7 .5 0 ----------------<9 0 .0 0 ----------------< 9 2 .5 0 ----------------< 9 5 .0 0 ----------------*9 7 .5 0 ----------------< 1 0 0 .0 0 ---------------

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
OVER -

*1 0 5 .0 0
(1 1 0 .0 0
*1 1 5 .0 0
* 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
*1 3 0 .0 0
$ 13 5.00
*1 4 0 .0 0
*1 4 5 .0 0
* 1 5 0 .0 0
*1 5 5 .0 0
* 1 6 0 .0 0
*1 6 5 .0 0
* 1 7 0 .0 0
$17 5.00
*1 8 0 .0 0
*1 8 5 .0 0

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 8
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g
A ll

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 9 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

81

X XX

AU
s c h e d u le s

40

3 7‘/
2

134

XXX

XXX

7

215

81

XXX

134

XXX

52

19

18

33

22

76

28

27

48

35

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

_

_
_

2

_

1

_
-

-

215

2

1

3

2

-

1

_

1

1

1

9

2

-

1
1

1

3

2

6

2

2

7

4

2

3

1

1

2

4

3

10

3

3

8

1

1

7

4

8

4

4

4
3

2
2

1

7

4
3

4

6

3

4

2

~
1

1

9

4

4

5

5

~

3
1

2

5

2

2

1

1

1

3
3

3
3

2
2

2

4
3

2

2

1

1

1

1
1

1
1

1

1

1
1

1

1

-

-

2

2

6

5

2

3

4

1

1

5

4

3

1

1

3

2
1

-

1

-

1

_

-

1

1

1

1

“

1

1

1

_

-

1

~

1
_

1

1

1

~

1
3
i
i

1

1

-

1

1

_

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

2
2
2

1

1

1

37

15

XXX

22

X XX

66

26

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ----------------

12b

47

XXX

79

X XX

73

27

“

See footnotes at end of tables.

21

1

1

_

1

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ----------------------------------------------

1
_
1

“

2

2

"

"

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

46

XXX

X XX

Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
(A l l fu ll- tim e m anufacturing plant w o rk ers = 100 percen t)
W o rk ers on late shifts

A ll w o rk ers 1
0
Second shift

T h ird shift

Second shift

P ROV ISI ON S

9 1 .0

8 2 .9

16.7

7 .4

WITH NO PAY D I F FE RE NT IA L FOR LATE SHIFT WORK
WITH PAY DIF F ER EN TI A L FOR LATE SH IF T UOk K —
UNIFOhH CENT S-PEK-HOUK D I FF E R EN TI A L ----------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIF F ER E NT IA L ------------------OTHER D I F F ER E NT IA L ---------------------------------------------

1 .1
89 .9
68 .6
17.6
3 .7

•1
8 2 .8
62. 1
15.9
4 .7

.2
16.6
13.4
2 .5
.7

( 11)

17.8
9 .2

24 .7
13 .5

17.5
9 .1

2 4 .9
1 4 .0

PERCENT oF
IN

ESTABLISHMENTS

WORKERS

WITH LATE

AVERAGE PAY

SHIFT

7 .4
6 .3
.4

.7

DIF F ER E NT IA L

UNIFORM CE n TS-PER-HOUR DIF FE RE NT IA L --------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D I FF E R EN TI A L ----------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS 3Y TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY D IFF ERE NT IAL
UNIFORM CEnTS-PER-HOUR:
3 AND UNDER 4 CENTS -----------------------------------4 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------5 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------7 AND UNDER 8 CENTS -----------------------------------l u CEnTS ---------------------------------------------------------12 AND UNDER 13 CE n TS -------------------------------13 AND U n DER 14 CENTS -------------------------------14 AND UNDER 15 CEn TS -------------------------------15 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------18 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------20 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------21 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------22 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------24 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------27 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------30 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------33 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------34 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------35 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------3t> C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------3a CErtTS ---------------------------------------------------------45 CE n TS ---------------------------------------------------------48 ANU UNDER 4 V CENTS -------------------------------50 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------52 AND UNDER 53 CENTS --------------------------------

~

2 .3
1 .3
1 .0
•4
9. 1
3 .5
15.8
2 .1
6 .9
1 .4
1 .5
3 .2
1 .0
6 .3
.9
2 .7
1 .8
.8

percentage:

6 ANO UNDER 7 PERCENT -------------------------------7 AND UNDER 3 PERCENT -------------------------------10 PEKCEwT -----------------------------------------------------15 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------

2 .7
1 .7
13.2

See footnotes at end o f tables.

22

ro
*0

u n if o r m

.6
2 .3
3 .0
3 .8
7 .8
.4
2 .5
19.6
•8
3 .7
•4
3 .2
6 .3
6 .8
1 .4
1 .8
•8
2 .7
.5
-

1 3 .2

.2
2 .0
. 1

.1

.1
1.0

.1
1 .0

1.1
.1

1.1

1.7
1.2
.2
.2

.7
.2

.2

.9
.1
.3

.1
.7
1.7

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1977
O ffic e w o rk ers

Pla n t w o rk ers
Item
A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

Pu b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

5
5

(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

1
(1 2 )

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

PFRCEn T OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL FULL-TIflE
30
32
32
35
35
36

36
37
38
38
40

42
46
48

WORKERS-------------------

100

HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------HOUR S-4 D A Y S ----------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 1/2 DAYS --------------------HOURS ----------------------------------------------4 1/2 DAYS -------------------------------------5 DAYS --------------------------------------------1/3 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------8/10 HOURS-5 DAYS -------------------------HOURS ----------------------------------------------4 DAYS --------------------------------------------5 DAYS --------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------HOURS-6 DAYS -----------------------------------

1
2
(121
7
-

100
_

2
-

9
85

87
~
87
2
(121
(1 2 )

85
4
( 12)
( 12)

39 .6

39 .7

100
3
2
1
6
88
88

.
-

-

100
100

8
82
82

2
2
(1 2 )
1
21
1
8
66
1
65

_
_

3
5
92
_

92

2
2
(1 2 )
2
28
_

11
57
1
56

_
_

_

-

11

_

_

_
100
100

_

88
9
79

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .0

3 9 .2

39 .9

3 9 .0

3 9 .4

See footnote at end of tables.

23

o
O

ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -----------------

o
C

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
3 9 .6

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Plan t w o rk ers
Item

O ffic e w o rk e rs

A ll in du stries

PERCEN1

of

ALL FULL-TIflE WORKERS --------

w UM d e R

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

A

1

9

-

12

(1 2 )

( 12)

(1 2 )

_

2

96

99

91

100

88

99

99

99

100

98

8 .4

9 .4

7 .2

10.2

5 .8

8 .4

9 .0

8. 1

1 0 .0

7 .3

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anuf actur ing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

100

100

workers

IN EST ACL IS FINE NTS NOT PR0VILIN6
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------IN ESTA8LIS HMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------AVFRA6E

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

OF PAID HOLIDAYS

FOR WORKERS 1 » ESTAOLISHMEMT5
1
PROW IDINS H O L I D A Y S ------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------I HOLIDAY -----------------------PLUS 5 HALF DAYS -------------3 HOLIDAYS ----------------------5 HOLIDAYS ----------------------6 HOLIDAYS ----------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------7 HOLIDAYS ----------------------PLUS 1 OK MORE HALF UAYS ----8 HOLIDAYS ----------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ----9 HOLIDAYS ----------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ----10 HOLIDAYS ---------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------II HOLIDAYS ---------------------12 HOLIDAYS ---------------------13 HOLIDAYS ----------------------

2
2
2
1
1
9
(1 2 )
10

~
3
5

3
4
5
2
2
14
(1 2 )
16

13

14

12

~

-

22
i
19

29
2
27
12
6
2

14

~

9
3
2

-

3
2
6

5
8
3
4
2
22
1
26
-

12
6

-

-

-

ii

55

-

6
-

_

34
-

-

i

(1 2 )

(1 2 )

( 12)

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

(1 2 )
6
(1 2 )
32
(1 2 )
13
3
18
i
16
3
4
2
1

99
99
99
99
99
99
94
93
61
47
45
26
9
7
2
1

-

3
-

7
-

14
-

43
4
21

1
7
(1 2 )
41
(1 2 )
13
4
9
-

_

3
2
-

3
-

4
-

_

1
25
(1 2 )
20
(1 2 )
39
1
11
-

71

-

-

-

5
2
( 12)

14
4
4
2
1

7
10
“

-

99
99
99
99
99
99
97
97
89
75
75
31
7
7
2
(1 2 )

99
99
99
99
99
99
93
92
51
37
34
24
10
6
3
1

100
100
100
100
100
100
97
95
95
92
92
89
17
17
10

98
98
98
98
98
97
72
71
51
12
12

-

-

“

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED1
3
1
2
3
3
5
6
6

DAY OR MORE -------------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------1/2 DAYS OR MORE --------------7 OAYS OR MORE ------------------8 DAYS OR MORE ------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE --------------9 DAYS OR MORE ------------------10 DAYS O r MORE -----------------10 1/2 OAYS OR MORE -------------11 DAYS OR MORE -----------------12 DAYS OR MORE -----------------13 DAYS ---------------------------

V6
93
92
91
89
68
79
79
69
55
55
34
14
14
5
2

99
99
99
99
99
99
96
96
91
77
77

46
19
19
6
2

91
86
85
83
77

75
61
60
44
32
32
18
7
7
1
1

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
97
95
95
89
34
34
~

See footnotes at end of tables.

24

88
77

75
71

68
66
44
43
17
6
6

*

-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
Pla n t w o rk ers
Item
A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

O ffic e w o rk e rs
P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

PERCENT OE WORKERS

ALL FULL-TIHE WORKERS ----------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIHE PAYMENT ---------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -----------------

100

100

100

(1 2 )

(1 2 )

100

100

100

(1 2 )

1

99
93
6

99
95
5

100
92
8

100
72
28

100
98
2

99
99
1

99
99

100
99
1

100
97
3

6
15
1

8
18

4
12
2

32

4
3
2

1
38
3
1

1
45
6
1

1
35
3
2

48

28

-

100

100

100

-

-

_

_

100

_

100
99
1

AMOUNT OF PA 10 VACATION A FTE R :14

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE!
UNDER I WEEK ----------------1 WEEK ----------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----2 WEEKS ---------------------1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ----------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 WEEKS ----2 WEEKS ---------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS ----3 WEEKS ----------------------

72
5
21
(1 2 )
1

64
10
23
2

80
1
19
(1 2 )

24
5
65
5
1

33
9
48
8
2

14
1
83
2

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ----------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----3 WEEKS ----------------------

4
87
6
4

4
84
8
3

3
89
4
4

4 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ----------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----3 WEEKS ----------------------

2
86
7
4

1
85
10
3

3
88
5
4

5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ----------------------2 WEEKS -------------- *-----OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS ----3 WEEKS ---------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS -----

2
67
4
23
3

71
5
17
6

3
63
3
30

2 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ----------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS ----2 WEEKS ---------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----

78

89

22
_

11

-

~

1
2
7
“

26

28

_

63

62

70
2
(1 2 )

69
3
2

70
1
-

37

38

-

-

-

-

18
—
82

12
86
2

3
1
92
4
1

4
3
87
3
2

2

3

4

94
4
~

97
-

96
(1 2 )

-

6
85
2
7

(1 2 )
94
3
2

1
92
3
4

(1 2 )
95
3
2

97
3

(1 2 )
96
(1 2 )
3

6
85
2
7

(1 2 )
94
3
2

93
3
4

(1 2 )
95
3
2

97
3

(1 2 )
96
(1 2 )
3

6
49
2
43

(1 2 )
66
5
29
1

84
4
12
1

(1 2 )
60
5
35
1

98
2
-

98
2
-

86
14

See footnotes at end of tables.

25

_

_
73
27

(1 2 )
60
(1 2 )
40

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1977— Continued
Plan t w o rk ers
Ite m

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

O ffic e w o rk e rs
P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonmanu­
factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER14CONTINUEO

10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 LEEK -----------------2 WEEKS ----------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 W E E K S ---------- : ----OVER 3 ANU UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -----------------

2
7
2
76
3
7
(1 2 )
3

4
2
74
2
11
1
5

3
9
1
78
5
3
_
(1 2 )

98
-

6
10
78
4
2
-

2

-

12 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 wEEK -----------------2 wEEKS ----------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------OVER 4 AND UNDER S WEEKS
5 WEEKS -----------------

2
6
1
62
9
17
(1 2 )
3

3
2
57
14
18
1
5

9
1
67
4
16
(1 2 )

98
_
2

10
61
4
20
-

2
5

3

8
_
31
1
54

_

10
_

46

23

52
_

58
4

15 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 wEEK -----------------2 WEEKS ----------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 w EE k S ----------------OVER

3

A No

UNDER

4

WEEKS

4 WEEKS ----------------OVER 4 ANU UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ----------------20 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 w EE r -----------------2 wEEKs ----------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 WEEKS ----------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------OVER 4 A n D u n u e R 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ----------------6 wEEKS ———----- —----- —
OVER 6 A n d UNDER 7 WEEKS
25 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK -----------------2 WEEKS ----------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------over

3

an d

under

4

w ee ks

4 WEEKS ----------------OVER 4 ANU UNUER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ----------------6 wEEKS ----------------OVER 7 A nd UNDER o w EEKS

(1 2 )
36
3
47
1
5

5

(1 2 )

6

-

3
(1 2 )
41
40
1

9

2
( 12)
12

2
(1 2 )

2

3
8

-

—

—

10
—
21
—
58
4
2
-

3

7

19
1

50

46

55

71

7
14
1

11
15
1
5

2
12
(1 2 )
~

24
2

15
4

3
2

5
(1 2 )
15
4
35
1
32

3
z

(12 )
11
6
31
1

3

38
5

3

8
19
1
40
2
26
1

—
_

(1 2 )
4
1
90
(1 2 )
4
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
4
“
78
9
9
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

2
90
7

(1 2 )
5
2
90
(1 2 )
3

1
1
_
2
60
20
17
1

(1 2 )
4
“
84
5
6
“
1

3

(1 2 )
16

94
“
3

83
1
(1 2 )
“

_

(1 2 )
16
~
80
1
4
“

2
88
7

3

(1 2 )
4
“
45
4
46
(1 2 )
1

2
~
39
2
55
1
1

(1 2 )
4
“
47
5
43
(1 2 )
1

2
“
43
~
52
~
3

(1 2 )
16

(1 2 )
4

2

( 12)
4

2

(1 2 )
16

24
~
59
1

12

17

10

3

13

70

47
19
15
1

78
(1 2 )
7
1

73

61
1

_

(1 2 )
4

_

5

9
1

20

9

3

“

~

3

6
10
21

-

-

-

52
4

5

(1 2 )
4
~
11
~
54

87

8

(1 2 )
28

5

-

3

-

6

(1 2 )

See footnotes at end of tables.

26

•2

2
~

(1 2 )
16

16

10

39
36
7
1

60
(1 2 )

-

13
~

4

45

-

1

25

84

24

1

7

3

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977— Continued
Plant w or ke r s
Item

A l l industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

O ffi ce w or ke r s
Pu blic utilities

R et a il trade

A l l industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public utilities

Re ta il trade

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER14con tjnued

30 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 UEEK -----------------------------------------2 WEEKS---------------------------------- -----OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 7 AND UNDER 8 WEEKS ---------MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE!
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS ------------------------

OVER 5 ANO UNDER o WEEKS -----6 WEEKS -----------------------7 WEEKS -----------------------OVER 7 AND UNOER 8 WEEKS ------

S e e fo o tn o te s

2
5
(12)
15
4
35
1
24
6
6
3
2
5
(12)
15
4
35
1
23
6
6
1
3

2
(12)
11
6
31
22
11
10
6

_
2
(12)
11
6

31
~
22
11
9
1
6

3
8

6
10

(12)
4

2

(12)
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
1
39
2
26
~
2

3
5
83
-

21

11

16

10

-

-

-

-

50
4
9
"

45
(12)
29
5
6
(12)

14
19
10
1

6
10

(12)
4

2

9

3
8
-

-

19
1
39
2
24

3
~
5
79

50
4
8

~

-

-

13

1

7

(12)
16
-

67

13
_
44
1
26

4
-

24
-

-

(12)
4

2

(12)
16

47
(12)
34
_

_

_

5

3

38
-

2
_
3
_
4

-

-

21
-

-

ii

_

38

(12)

at end o f t a b le s .

27

16

_

45
(12)
28

9

3
_

4

13

14

47
(12)
33

66

44
1
24

11

5

26

2

_

1

_

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1977
Plant w o r k er s
Item
A l l industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

O ff ic e w o r k e r s
Public utilities

R et a il trade

A l l industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Pu blic utilities

R et a il trade

PEkCENT OF WORKERS
ICO

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

LEAST ONE uF ThE BENEFITS
SHORN BE l O L 15------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

LIFE INSURANCE ----------------NONCOuTRIBUTORY PLANS -------

38
73

90
70

85
76

83
71

87
78

98
71

98
63

98
74

97
73

96
78

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INS U R A N C E -----NONCONTRIBUTURY PLANS -------

71
63

83
76

59
50

71
68

61
49

82
62

91
76

79
57

88
86

80
34

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH 16-------

89

96

83

100

77

94

89

96

99

86

74
71

89
87

59
54

88
85

45
40

48
39

62
61

43
32

56
54

29
26

23

24

22

15

22

75

67

78

37

59

21

11

32

47

34

12

10

13

50

23

17
7

19
5

14
10

19
13

14
8

49
30

47
25

49
32

30
11

38
5

99
87

100
93

99
81

100
92

99
79

99
69

98
93

99
61

100
81

99
58

99
87

100
93

99
81

100
92

99
79

99
70

100
95

99
61

100
81

99
58

MEDICAL INSURANCE -------------NONCONTRIBUTURY PLANS -------

99
87

100
93

99
81

100
92

99
79

99
70

100
95

99
61

100
81

99
58

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ------NONCONTRIBUTURY PLANS -------

98
66

99
92

97
79

100
92

99
79

99
67

100
94

99
57

100
81

99
58

DENTAL INSURANCE --------------NONCONTRIBUTURY PLANS -------

70
67

67
65

74
68

90
86

69
64

71
50

64
59

73
46

94
77

62
37

RETIREMENT PENSION -----------NONCONTRIBUTURY PLANS -------

87
85

92
90

80
78

86
83

79
76

85
81

92
84

83
80

81
79

90
87

ALL FULL-T If.E - O K K E K S -----in

establishments

providing

at

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ------------------NCWCONTRIBuTURY PLANS ----SICK LEAVE (FuLL PAY AND n O
.AITING PERIOD) ------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) ------------LONG-TERM DISAbILITY
INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTuRY PLANS ------hospitalization

insurance

----------

NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------surgical

I n s u r a n c e ---------------------

NONCONTKlbUTORY PLANS -------

See footnotes at end of tables.

28

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

It em
A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plan s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plan s 1
7

A ll
p lan s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FLAT-SUM OOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS 18----AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED:1
9
M E A N -------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------NIOOLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ---MIOOLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ----

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SPECIFIED OOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED LEN6TH OF SERVICE:
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS18-----------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED1 AFTER:
9
6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:
M E A N --------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------NIOOLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) ----------1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
MEDIAN ------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RAN6E (80 PERCENT) ----------5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
M E A N --------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------MIDDLE RAN6E (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RANGE (80*PERCENT) ----------10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
M E A N --------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RAN6E (80 PERCENT) ----------20 YEARS OF SERVICE!
M E A N --------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ----------MIDDLE RANGE (80 PERCENT) -----------

63
$3,900
$3,000
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 5. 00 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 8. 00 0

1

58
$3,800
$3 ,0 00
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 5. 00 0
$ 1 , 0 0 0 - 8. 0 00

1

60
$5,000
$5,000
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 6. 00 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

56
*5 .0 0 0
$5,000
$ 2 , 5 0 0 - 6. 0 0 0
$2,000-10.000

1

1

$10,000
$12,000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 6 .0 0 0

$8,30 0
$5,00 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .0 0 0

)

$13,600
$12.000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 3 0 .0 0 0

$9 ,1 00
$10,000
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

)
)
)
)

$15,700
$12,000
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 .0 0 0

$11,7 00
$12 ,000
$ 1 0 , 0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6)

$15.700
$12,000
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 .0 0 0

$11,700
$12,000
$ 1 0 , 0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6)

lb )

$5,20 0
$5,000
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 5. 00 0
$2,000-12.000

$5 ,2 00
$5 ,0 00
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 5.0 00
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6 )

lb )

(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6)

lb )
(6 )

$ 4 , 5 0 0 - 5.0 00
$ 4 , 5 0 0 - 1 2 .0 0 0

$6 ,5 00
$5 w 000
$ 4 , 5 0 0 - 5. 00 0
$4,500-12.000

lb

$8,000
$10,000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 2 .0 0 0

$8 ,0 00
$1 0, 000
$5,000-10.000
$5,000-12.000

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

lot

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)

lb)
lb)

See footnotes at end of tables.

29

lb )
lb )
lb )

lb )
lb )
lb )

lb )

25
$5,500
$5,000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 6.000
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 9.000

1

$6 ,4 00
$5,0 00
$5 * OOG— 8.0 00
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 8.0 00

$4 ,3 00
$5 ,0 00
$ 2 * 0 0 0 - 5.0 00
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 8. 0 00

$5 f000

1

16
$6*100
$5,000
$ 3 , 0 0 0 - 6.000
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

$8,500
$8,000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 8.0 00
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 6 .0 0 0

$4,300
$5,000
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 5. 00 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 8. 00 0

$6,500

24
$6,600
$6,000
$ 3 , 5 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

21
$5.300
$5,000
$ 5 , 0 0 0 - 6. 00 0
$ 2 , 0 0 0 - 9 .0 00

2

2

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6
(6
(6
(6

(6)
(6)

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6)

lb)
lb)

>
)
)
)

lb)

(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6 )

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6 >
(6 )
(6 >

(6)

(6 >
(6)
(6 )
(6 )

lb)
lb)
lb)

lb)
lb)
lb)

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1977— Continued
Office w orkers

P la n t w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

Manufacturing

A l l in d u s tr ie s

Ite m
A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1

A ll
p lan s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
plans 1

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE-CONTINUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEOULE
UHICH INDICATES A SPECIFIED DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SPECIFIED AMOUNT OF EARNINGS:
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME UORKERS18-------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED1 I F :
9
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 :
MEAN -------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (SO PERCENT) ------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 0 . 0 0 0 :
MEAN-------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (aO PERCENT) ------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 5 . 0 0 0 :
MEAN-------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE (5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIDOLE RANGE (aO PERCENT) ------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE » 2 0 , U 0 0 :
MEAN -------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE (aO PERCENT) -------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL EARNINGS:2
0
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME UORKERS18--------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF INSURANCE: 1 2
9 0
MEAN--------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------

MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) -----------

15

$7 , 5 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
*5 .000-1 1.000

* 7 .5 0 0
*8 , 5 0 0
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 8,5 00
1 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 1 .0 0 0

* 1 4 ,9 0 0
* 1 6 ,0 0 0
1 1 0 . 0 0 0 - 17,500
*6 . 5 0 0 - 2 2 ,0 0 0

*8 .500-11,500
1 6 , 5 0 0 - 2 0 ,0 0 0

$14,80 0
*1 6 .0 0 0
* 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 1 6 , 0 0 0
*8.500-2 0,000

* 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 2 1 , 0 0 0
*1 4,500 -32.00 0

*1 6 ,6 0 0
* 1 4 ,5 0 0
* 1 4 ,5 0 0 -1 6 ,5 0 0
*1 0 .0 0 0 - 2 5 ,0 0 0

*1 4,500 -21,00 0
* 1 4 .5 0 0 - 2 5 . 0 0 0

* 2 6 ,5 0 0
* 2 7 .0 0 0
* 2 2 .0 0 0 - 2 7 . 0 0 0
1 1 7 . 0 0 0 - 40.0 00

*1 7 ,0 0 0 - 2 5 ,0 0 0
* 1 7 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 ,0 0 0

$8 ,500
* 10,000

*2 0 ,4 0 0

*21,000

8

1.14
1 .0 0
1 . 00 - 1. 00

MIDDLE RANGE (aO PERCENT) ------------------1.0 0 -1 .5 0
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME UORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS NOT SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------------6
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME UORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
2
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------------SPECIFIED MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF INSURANCE:1
9
MEAN -------------------------------------------------------* 9 3 .6 0 0
* 100 .00 0
MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE (50 PERCENT) ------------------- * 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 0 , 0 0 0
MIDDLE RANGE (SO PERCENT) ------------------- * 1 5 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 0 , 0 0 0

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
OF p l a n :
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME UORKERS18----------------

16

1

*1 1 ,5 0 0
* 10,0 00

*2 2 ,7 0 0
*2 0,000

18,700
*8,500-1 0.000
1 5 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0

*5 .000-1 0.000
*5 ,000-1 0,000

* 1 0 ,3 0 0
*8 .5 0 0
*8,500-10,000
*8,500-20,000

* 1 7 ,6 0 0
*1 6 ,0 0 0
* 1 1 ,5 0 0 - 2 0 , 0 0 0
*1 0,000 -30,00 0

$19,600
*

2 1,000

*24,900

1.15
1.0 0-1.50

5

2

* 9 3 .6 0 0
* 100 ,00 0

11 5 ,0 0 0 -2 0 0 ,0 0 0
*15,000-200,000

( 12)

* 1 5 .2 0 0
* 1 4 ,5 0 0
* 1 4 ,5 0 0 - 1 4 . 5 0 0
*1 0,000-25.000

*19.400

* 2 7 .0 0 0
*2 5,000 -27.00 0
*1 7,000 -27,00 0

7

1 .0 0
1 . 00 - 1. 0 0

$8,000

* 7 ,5 0 0
*8 ,5 0 0
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 8, 5 0 0
* 5 , 0 0 0 - 8, 5 0 0

*10,000

*1 7 .0 0 0
*1 7,000-25,000
*1 7,000-25,000

4

5
1.31

1.38

1.00

1.00

1 .0 0 1 .0 0-

1.50
2.06

1.00-2.08
1.00-2.08

3

2

2

2

(6 )

(6 )

(6)
( 6 )
(6)

(6
(6

(1 2 )

See footnotes at end of tables.

30

)
)
(6 )

*6,500
*5,000
*5.000-10.000
*5 ,000 -1 0 ,0 0 0

$8,400
*5,000-10,000
*5,000-10,000

*7 .1 0 0
*5 ,4 0 0
(5.000-10,000
*5 .000-1 0.000

* 1 0 ,0 0 0 - 2 0 , 0 0 0

*1 5 .5 0 0
*1 6 .0 0 0
*15,000-16.000

* 1 5 ,1 0 0
*1 5 ,0 0 0
*1 1.500-20.000

$ 10, 000- 22,000

* 1 0 ,20 0 - 2 0 ,0 0 0

* 1 0 . 200- 2 0 , 0 0 0

* 1 6 , 0 0 0 - 3 0 , UOO
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 4 0 , 0 0 0

*1 9 ,4 0 0
$18,0 00
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 2 5 , 0 0 0
*1 5,000 -30,00 0

* 2 0 .000- 2 1 ,0 0 0
*1 5.000 -26,50 0

* 1 9 ,7 0 0
$ 20,000
*1 6,000-20.000
*1 5,000-30,000

* 3 2 ,1 0 0
* 2 7 .0 0 0
*2 0,000 -40,00 0
*2 0,000 -50.00 0

*2 0,000 -30,00 0
$ 1 8 ,0 0 0 - 4 0 ,0 0 0

*2 6 ,6 0 0
*2 7 ,0 0 0
*25,000-30,000
*1 8.000 -34.00 0

* 2 5 ,9 0 0
*2 5 ,0 0 0
*1 8 . 0 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0
*18,000-40,000

* 1 0 ,0 00

*2 4 ,7 0 0
* 2 1 ,0 0 0

33
1.17
1 .0 0
1. 00- 2 .0 0

*15.100
* 12,000

$26,7 00
*20,000

29
1.17
1.00

.50 -2 .0 0

.50 -2.00
.50 -2 .0 0

18

15

15

14

*86,0 00

* 8 8,1 00

*7 5 ,0 0 0
*7 5.000-100.000
*4 0,000-180,000

*75.000
* 7 5 .0 0 0 - 1 0 0 , 0 0 0
* 6 0 ,0 0 0 - 1 8 0 , 0 0 0

8

8

* 10,000

(20.700
( 21,0 00

16
1.50
1.50

14

. 1.51
1.50

1. 00- 2 .0 0

1 . 00 - 2 .0 0

1. 00 - 2 . 0 0

1 . 00- 2 .0 0

12

11

4

4

* 9 1 ,2 0 0
* 2 5 ,0 0 0
*2 5 , 0 0 0 - 1 0 0 . 0 0 0
*1 5 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 . 0 0 0

6

* 9 1 ,2 0 0
(25,000
*25,000-100.000
*15,000-200,000

6

Footnotes

14 Inc lud e s p ay m e n t s ot h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s
pay.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e ­
f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p r o ­
1 Stand ard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
p o r tio n s at 10 y e a r s inclu d e chan ges b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a tes
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
a r e c u m u la tiv e .
Thus, the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay
u l a r an d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y
ho urs.
a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f t e r f e w e r
y ea rs of s e r v ic e .
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n i n g s of
15 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h ich
a l l w o r k e r s and d i v id in g by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m edian d e s ig ­
at l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r .
"N on co n trib u to ry
na tes p o s i t i o n — ha lf of the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
p la n s " in clude on ly th o s e f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the r a te shown.
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is d e fin e d
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la ns, such as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e ­
b y tw o r a t e s o f pay ; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
the l o w e r of t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n the s a m e or m o r e than the
h i g h e r rate .
1 U n du pli c ated t o ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e or s ic k n e s s and
6
a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to
3 E a r n i n g s data r e l a t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n was
th o s e w h ich d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m nu m ber o f d a y s ' pay
p r o v i d e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
that e a c h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t.
-Informal s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
on an i n d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e excluded.
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e shifts .
1 E s t i m a t e s un der " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to a l l plans f o r w h ich at l e a s t
7
3
E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m e n o n ly f o r
a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r .
E s t i m a t e s un der " N o n c o n t r i b ­
s k i l l e d m ain te n a n c e and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
A l l oth e r e s t i m a t e s r e ­
u t o r y p l a n s " in clud e o n ly t h o s e f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
l a t e to m e n and w o m e n .
18 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a l l f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s or o f f i c e w o r k e r s
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .
equal 100 p e r c e n t.
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " a l l f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s o r
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ir in g s a l ­
o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g equal 100 p e r c e n t.
a r i e s that a r e p aid f o r sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
19 T h e m e a n am ou nt is c o m p u te d by m u l t i p l y i n g the nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s
8 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l stan da rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r
p r o v i d e d i n s u r a n c e b y th e amount o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , to talin g the p r o d ­
ucts , and d i v i d i n g the sum b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n in d ic a te s
the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n dard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
that h a l f o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r s m a l l e r and ha lf
10 Inc lu d e s a l l plant w o r k e r s
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t ­
an am ou nt equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown.
M i d d l e r a n g e (50 p e r ­
ing l a t e s h if ts , and e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
c ent)--- a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an am ount equal to o r l e s s than
s h if ts , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te
s hifts .
the s m a l l e r am ount and a fo u r th a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r m o r e
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
1
than the l a r g e r am ount.
M i d d l e r a n g e (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
12 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an am ou nt equal to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r amount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an am ou nt equal to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount.
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f f u l l and h a lf days that add to the s a m e amount
3
a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to ta l of
20 A f a c t o r of annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b e r by w h ich annual e a r n in g s
a r e m u l t i p l i e d t o d e t e r m i n e the amount o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d .
F o r exam ple,
10 days in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 10 f u ll days and no h a lf d ay s, 9 f u ll days and
a f a c t o r o f 2 i n d ic a te s that f o r annual e a r n in g s o f $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 the amount of
2 h a l f d a y s , 8 f u ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d is $ 2 0,0 0 0 .
w e r e cum ula ted .
S o m e o f t h e s e s tan da rd f o o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to this bull etin.

31

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on a r e a w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s a r e ob ta ined b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In each o f th e
i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s is
c o l l e c t e d by a c o m b i n a ti o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te l e p h o n e
i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In each o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob ta in e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c­
t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu die s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d number o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted because of insufficient e m p lo y ­
m en t in th e oc c u p a tio n s stu died.
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r eac h
o f th e b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b l i c a ti o n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is s e l e c t e d , w ith eac h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ha vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p ti m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts is s e l e c t e d .
W h e n data a r e c o m b i n e d , each e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d
a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e
generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f on e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is
g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
An altern ate of
th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o se n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
catio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no
s u itab le substitu te is a v a i l a b l e , ad d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a tion s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties w it h in th e s a m e job.
O c c u p a tion s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in ap p e n d ix B.
1 Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk-Virginia Beachr-Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a .— C . ;
N.
and Syracuse, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas
at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d i c a te d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g th e j o b t i t l e s
a r e fo r a ll industries com bined.
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f th e oc c u p atio n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
ta tio n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n t
data.
S e p a r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d w h en the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m en
o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an oc c u p a tio n .
E a r n i n g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w i t h m o r e than on e l e v e l , data a r e includ ed in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is no t shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sc h e d u le .
Earnings
data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and la t e s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b on uses a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e b on uses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p a tio n s r e f e r to th e standa rd
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f ho ur) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
an d/ or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s
a r e rou nded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in th e d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d ic a te a ch an ge in the s i z e o f th e c l a s s
in ter v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l
jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y ch an ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y ne w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r
rates.
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s d uring th e y e a r .
Chan ges in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , shown in
ta b l e A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s ch an ge s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e earnings r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a tes.
Industries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and jo b s t a f f i n g , and thus c o n trib u te
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e ach jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n trib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e s p aid
in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e used in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the study and not th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B eca u se occupational stru ctu res am ong establish m en ts d iffe r , estim a tes of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d ic a te th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s stu died.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s data.

W a ge trends fo r

s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c han ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g
the t r e n d j o b s in both th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m en t s hif ts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s inclu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s ta b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n wh en w o r k e r s a r e p aid
u n der pla ns p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r i n d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at th e b o t t o m
o f th e r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e with out a c h an ge in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t ch an ge s r e l a t e to w a g e ch an ge s b e tw e e n th e i n d ic a te d
dates.
Wh en th e t i m e span b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , annual
r a t e s a r e shown.
(I t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant r a t e
b etw een su rveys.)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s

are:

O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ec reta rie s
Sten ograph ers, gen era l
S ten og ra ph ers, senior
T y p is ts , classes
A and B
F ile c lerk s, classes A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s 2

O rd er c le rk s , classes
A and B
Accoun ting c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m ach in e
o p erators, class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K eyp u n c h o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

In 1977, switchboard operators are included in die wage trend computation for all except the following
areas: Canton, Chicago, Cincinnati, Davenport—Rock Island-Moline, Houston, Huntsville, Jackson, New Orleans,
Portland (Oregon), Providence-Warwick—
Pawtucket, Richmond, San Antonio, Seattle—
Everett, South Bend,
and Wichita.

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k i l l e d m ain te n an c e

C om puter s ystem s
an alysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Carpenters
E lectrician s
P ain ters
M achin ists
M ech an ics (m ach in ery)
M ech anics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

Industrial nurses

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g is t e r e d industrial
nurses

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l ha ndlin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t ch an ge s f o r
as f o l l o w s :

i

areas

in the p r o g r a m a r e

c om p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r eac h o c c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d .
The avera ge s a re d erived
f r o m e a r n i n g s in t h o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s un changed.

2.

E a c h oc c u p a tio n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b ased on its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in
th e b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c om p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s ( c o m p u te d in ste p 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d by its w e i g h t .
T h e p r o d u c ts a r e t o t a l e d
to ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t i o o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m eth od u s e d to c om p u te
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J an u ary 1973, pp. 52-5 7.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e i n c i d e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is stu died f o r f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
P l a n t w o r k e r s in clud e n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s
e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e fu n c tio n s .
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and route w o r k e r s a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , but included in n o nm anu fa cturin g
i n d u s t r i e s .)
O f f i c e w o r k e r s includ e n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g
s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fun c tio n s .
L e a d w o r k e r s and
t r a i n e e s a r e inclu d ed a m o n g n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u ­
t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l as c o n s t r u c tio n w o r k e r s
u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m both the plant and o f f i c e
w o rk e r categories.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b l e B - l ) . M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to have f o r m a l e n tr a n c e

r a t e s a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b l e is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
( T h e " X ' s " shown u n der s ta n dard
w e e k l y h o u rs in d ic a te that no m e a n i n g f u l to ta ls a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m an u fa c tu rin g ( t a b l e B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u fa c tu rin g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
plant w o r k e r s on l a t e s h ifts .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d as ha vin g p o l i c i e s
a r e t h o s e w h i c h (1) h a v e p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n o f la te
s h i f t s , o r (2) h a ve o p e r a t e d l a t e s h ifts at any t i m e durin g the 12 m onths
p reced ing a survey.
W h e n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a ve s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h ich
v a r y by j o b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p ly in g to th e m a j o r i t y o f the plant w o r k e r s is
recorded.
Wh en e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v e d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h i c h ap ply o n ly to c e r t a i n
hours o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p lyin g to th e m a j o r i t y o f the shift hours is
recorded.
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is study, a la t e shif t is e i t h e r a s e co n d ( e v e n i n g )
shift w h i c h ends at o r n e a r m id n igh t o r a t h i r d (nig ht) shift w h ic h s ta r ts at o r
n e a r m id n ig h t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e co n d and t h i r d sh ifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d by
a l l plant w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t at th e t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) and (2)
e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d by plant
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .

service.
V a c a t i o n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r am ount o f v a c a tio n
pay as s e r v i c e le n g th e n s . Counts o f plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by l e n g th o f
s e r v i c e w e r e not ob ta ine d . T h e tab u la tio n s o f v a c a t i o n pay g r a n t e d p r e s e n t ,
t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s actually r e c e iv in g s p ec ific benefits.
H e a l th , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans ( t a b l e s B - 6 a n d B - 7 ) . H e a lth ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p lans in c lu d e p lans f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r pays
e i t h e r a l l o r p a r t o f the c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y be ( l ) u n d e r w r i t t e n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ic h the e m p l o y e r has c o n tr ib u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a t i n g funds o r a fund set a s i d e to c o v e r th e costA plan is in c lu d e d e v e n though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent do not c h o o s e to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e t h e y a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its c o s t ( p r o v i d e d the c h o i c e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l
e v e n t u a l l y b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , and
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e 3 a r e exc lu d e d .
L i f e i n s u r a n c e in clu d es f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g in d e m n ity (u s u a l l y
t h ro u g h an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n f o r m a t i o n is a l s o p r o v i d e d in ta b l e B - 7 on t y p e s o f l i f e i n s u r a n c e plans
and the amount o f c o v e r a g e in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d and in m a n u fa c tu rin g .

Sch eduled w e e k l y h o u r s ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; and health,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s .
P r o v i s i o n s w h ic h ap p ly to a m a j o r i t y o f the
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to ap p ly to a ll
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n is

A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t is l i m i t e d to p la n s w h ich
p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f death o r l o s s o f l i m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an a c c id e n t.

c on sid ered

S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s o n l y th o s e plans w h ich
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s b e m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .

n o n ex isten t

w h e n it

ap p lies

to

less

than a m a j o r i t y .

H o lid a y s;

v a c a t i o n s ; and h e alth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n pla ns a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p l i c a b l e
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e f i ts as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w i l l even tually b e co m e e lig ib le .
Schedule d w e e k l y hours and days ( t a b l e B - 3 ) . Sch edule d w e e k l y
hours and days r e f e r to th e n u m b e r o f ho u rs and days p e r w e e k w h i c h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d ay) shift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e t h e r p aid f o r at
s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e rates.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) . H o l i d a y s a r e included o n l y i f th e y a r e
g r a n te d an nually on a f o r m a l b a s i s ( p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s t a b ­
lish ed by custom ).
T h e y a r e in clud ed e v en though in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r
th e y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y and e m p l o y e e s a r e not g ra n te d a n o th er day o f f .
E m p l o y e e s m a y be p a id f o r th e t i m e o f f o r m a y r e c e i v e p r e m i u m p ay in
lie u - o f tim e off.
Data a r e ta b u la te d to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e g ra n te d
s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o l e and h a lf h o l i d a y s and (2) a r e g r a n t e d s p e c i f i e d
am ounts o f t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e ( w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ) .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t t h e i r m eth o d o f
c a l c u l a ti n g v a c a t i o n p a y ( t i m e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e tc .) and th e am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y g r a n te d .
O n ly b a s i c f o r m a l
p lans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a t i o n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s beyond b a s i c pla ns a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r ta b ula tin g v a c a t i o n p ay g r a n t e d , a l l p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s i s .
V a c a t i o n p a y c a l c u l a t e d on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is ta b u la te d as 1 w e e k ' s v a c a t i o n pay.
A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d le n g th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e l a t e d
to a l l plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f

S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f o r
con tinu ing an e m p l o y e e ' s p ay d uring a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is tin g u is h b e t w e e n (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y w ith no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ic h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l p a y o r r e q u i r e a
w aiting p erio d .
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered wod<ers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island.
Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute.
In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers ccfntribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance. Act) provides temporary disability insurance
benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether woik-connected or not.
The legislation requires
that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u ra n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to to t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir p aid s ic k le a v e an d/or s ic k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y
(t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m ad e u n til th e end o f th e d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b ilit y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m en ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s red u c e d by s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y
c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n show s the p e r c e n t o f fu ll- t im e p lan t and o ffic e
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the P o r tla n d a r e a in w h ich a union
c o n tra c t o r c o n tra c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c tiv e
c a t e g o r ie s , M a y 1977:
P la n t w o r k e r s

H o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e p lan s r e p o r te d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m en t f o r b a s ic s e r v ic e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o s p ita l e x p e n s e s .
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s .
M e d ic a l
in s u ra n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s t r ic t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e fo r m in o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n ce c o v e r a g e a p p lie s to s e r v ic e s w h ich go
b eyon d th e b a s ic
s e r v ic e s
c o v e r e d u n der h o s p it a liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e t y p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s that a
"d e d u c t ib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c o in s u ra n c e
fe a tu r e that r e q u ir e s the in s u re d to p a y a p o r tio n (e . g . , 20 p e rc e n t) o f
c e r ta in e x p e n s e s , and (3 ) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a x im u m o f b e n e fits (e . g . ,
$ 10,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .

O ffic e w o r k e r s

68
70
65
98
50

13
2
17
69
18

A l l in d u s tr ie s ------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________
P u b lic u t i l i t ie s ___________
R e t a il t r a d e ______________

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll plan t
o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by a la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o th e r plan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s a re
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts that e it h e r do not h ave la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n ­
t r a c ts in e f fe c t , o r have c o n tra c ts th at a p p ly to f e w e r than h a lf o f t h e ir plant
o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s . E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f the exten t
to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d b y the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d and the
in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is lim it e d .

D en ta l in s u ra n ce p lan s p r o v id e n o r m a l d e n tal s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
P la n s w h ich p r o v id e b e n e fits
o n ly fo r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r te d .
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n plans p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r p a y m en ts to th e r e t i r e e
fo r l i f e .
In clu d ed a r e d e fe r r e d p r o f it - s h a r in g p lan s w h ich p r o v id e th e op tion
o f p u rc h a s in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.

In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g
Abou t t w o - fifth s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in the sc o p e o f the s u r v e y in the
P o r tla n d a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g p re s e n ts
the m a jo r in d u s try gro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e rc e n t o f a ll
m a n u fa c tu rin g :
S p e c ific in d u s trie s

In d u s try gro u p
In s tru m e n ts and r e la te d
p ro d u c ts ________________________
L u m b e r and w o od p r o d u c ts ----T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t ----F o o d and k in d re d p ro d u c ts _____
P a p e r and a llie d p ro d u c ts ___
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l —
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p ro d u c ts -----P r i m a r y m e t a l in d u s tr ie s --------

15
11
11
10
9
8
8
8

M e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
d e v ic e s ________________________ . 12
P a p e r m ills , e x c e p t b u ild in g
p a p e r ----------------------------------. 6
M illw o r k , p ly w o o d , and
s tr u c tu r a l m e m b e r s ------------. 6

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in
v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p ro p o r tio n s b a sed on th e r e s u lts o f
the s u r v e y as sh ow n in a p p en d ix ta b le 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash.,1 May 1977
Number of establishments

Industry division2

employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study5

Studied
Total4

Studied
Number

.

Percent

Full-time
plant workers

Full-time
office workers

_____________________

Total4

ALL ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL DIVISIONS -------------------------------------------------

_

975

215

189.352

100

104.993

33.761

96 .8 63

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE. INSURANCE. AND REAL ESTATE
SERVICES8 ------------------------------------------------------------

50
-

34 A
631

81
134

79.087
110.265

42
58

54 .5 28
50.46 5

8.8 64
24.89 7

43.68 7
53 .1 76

50
50
50
50
50

72
133
221
88
117

23
21
36
18
36

20.041
14.155
41.221
20 .2 16
14.6 32

11
7
22
11

8.8 05
( 6>
26.231
< 7>

6

C 6)

ALL DIVISIONS -------------------------------------------------

-

53

47

72. 935

100

38.5 42

16.091

67 .7 6 6

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
----------------------------------------------------FINANCE. INSURANCE. ANO REAL ESTATE
----------SERVICES 8 ------------------------------------------------------------

500
-

26
27

23
24

34.587
38.348

47
53

23.5 46
14.996

4. 1 20
11.971

32.40 4
35.3 62

500
500
500
500
500

9
1
11
6

a

11.469
629
16.382
9.8 68

16
1
22
14

4. 43 5
( 6>
10.201
<7>
( 6>

3.5 69

10.444
629
14.421
9. 86 8

4.6 89
f 6I
3.754
( 6)
<6>

13.166
3. 344
19.354
11.768
5.5 44

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS

l
9
6

'

1 T h e P o r t la n d S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e ­
m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f C la c k a m a s , M u ltn o m a h , and W a s h in g to n
C o u n tie s , O r e g . ; and C la r k C o u n ty , W a sh .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n
in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e
in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is io n w ith o th e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s
e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an u al w a s u sed to c l a s s i f y
e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a l l g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l
o u tle ts (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te
p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r ie s .

(6
>
(6
)

2.1 37

<6 >

5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s
in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
P o r t la n d 's t r a n s it s y s t e m is p u b lic ly ow n ed and
is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f the stu dy.
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in
th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d ata is n o t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the
fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a te stu d y,
(2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n ­
s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te t o p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d ata.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and
"n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s ta te p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s f o r
" a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data is
not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile
r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

36

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n der a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is em p h a ­
s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c o n te n t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th o s e
in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , th e B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d icap p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a rn in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir h a ndicap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f th e lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n s.

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

SECRETARY

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - to - d a y a c t iv ­
it ie s o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties
r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the
o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to th e w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

a.

P o s it io n s w h ich do not
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

m e e t th e

" p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta ry

con cep t

b.

N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab o v e
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n
a r e as fo llo w s :

S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f ic e a s s is ta n ts
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d.

E xclu sion s

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u ties;

c.

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y duties w h ich
a r e not ty p ic a l’ o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e .g . , A d m in is tr a tiv e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is ta n t;

L is t e d b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ich r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r t it le s a r e b e in g in tro d u ce d
in th is s u r v e y :
O r d e r c le r k
P a y r o l l c le r k
S e c reta ry
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t
T r a m s c r ib in g -m a c h in e ty p is t
M a c h in e t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m )

T o o l and d ie m a k e r
G u ard
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
(p r e v io u s ly s u r v e y e d
as sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c le r k )
T r u c k d r iv e r

T h e B u re a u has d is co n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data fo r ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . W o r k e r s p r e v io u s ly
c la s s ifie d as w a tc h m e n a r e now c la s s ifie d as g u a rd s u n der the r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n .

37

to a gro u p

of p ro­

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l — C ontinued

e.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not f it any o f the s itu ation s lis t e d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w t it le d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e .g ., s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a t io n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ich m e e t th e a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e m a tc h e d at
one o f f i v e le v e l s a c c o r d in g to (a ) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b ) th e l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y . T h e ch a rt fo llo w in g th e ex p la n a tio n s o f th e s e tw o
fa c to r s in d ic a te s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a tio n o f the
fa c t o r s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f
th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

LS—4

S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hu ndred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

_ L e v el o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r ie s should be m a tc h e d at one o f th e fo u r LS le v e ls d e s c r ib e d
b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r w ith in the com p an y
o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e .
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

b.

LS—2

a.

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n
o r ex p ert.
(N O T E :
Many
c o m p a n ie s
a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f th e s p e c ific l e v e l situ a tio n s in
th e d e fin itio n f o r L S —3, but w h o s e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r
s u b d ivid e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c ., (o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than c h a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a r k e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t (e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p an y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f
( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

an
of

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u sed in the ab ove LS d e f­
in itio n r e f e r s to th o s e o f f ic ia l s who h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p an y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v ic e
p r e s id e n t , " th ough n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i­
r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u rp o s e s o f a p p lyin g the d e fin itio n .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility ( L R )
T h is fa c t o r e v a lu a te s the n a tu re o f th e w o r k r e la tio n s h ip b e tw e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r , and th e e x te n t to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c te d to e x e r c is e in it ia t iv e and ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r ie s should be m a tc h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r ib e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to t h e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ility 1 (L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r i a l d u ties in c lu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a il.

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e r e q u e s ts w h ich h a ve s tan d a rd a n s w e rs .
r e p ly to r e q u e s ts b y se n d in g a f o r m le t t e r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o th e rs f o r th e s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to e n s u re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o g r a p h ic a l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M a in ta in s
s u p e r v is o r 's
in s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , ta k e s and t r a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc .,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll,

g re e ts

p erso n a l

c a le n d a r

and

c a lle r s ,

m a k es

and

opens

in ­

M ay

ap p oin tm en ts

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C ontinu ed

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ility 2 (L R —2)

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

P e r f o r m s d u ties d e s c r ib e d u n der L R —1 and, in a d d itio n p e r fo r m s
ta s k s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t, in it ia t iv e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e fu n ction s
in c lu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s ts w h ich r e q u ir e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f ic e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo r m a tio n f r o m f ile s o r
o th e r o f f ic e s .
M a y s ig n rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in ow n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's n a m e.

c.

C o m p ile s o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic
o f g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s .

d.

S ch ed u les te n ta tiv e a p p oin tm en ts w ith ou t p r io r c le a r a n c e .
A s­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a c k gro u n d m a t e r ia l f o r sc h e d u le d m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r ra n g e m e n ts f o r m e e tin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v is o r 's r e q u ir e m e n ts to o th e r e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o ty p e s , ta k e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

OR

S c r e e n s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e te rm in in g w h ich can
b e h a n d led b y th e s u p e r v is o r 's s u b o rd in a te s o r o th e r o f f ic e s .

b.

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .

T h e fo llo w in g
and L R c o m b in a tio n .

c h art

show s th e l e v e l o f

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
supe r v i s o r

the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h LS

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E T Y P I S T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e cop y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich does
not in v o lv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that used in
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
c op y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .
(S e e S te n o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith sh orth an d d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1_.
L S —2_.
LS—3„.
LS—
4_.

r e p o r ts on th e b a s is

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in ­
d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by
the fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic s p ee d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o ­
g ra p h ic du ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g
m a il; and a n s w e r in g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STENO G RAPH ER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g sh orth an d , and to tr a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n cop y.
M a y o p e r a te f r o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f
p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b een m ad e by a n o th er p e rs o n . M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r use in d u p lica tin g
p ro cesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g
r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and
d is trib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r p lann ing layou t
and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e rou tin e f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit
c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C op y ty p in g fr o m
rou g h o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n c e ^ p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .
F IL E C L E R K

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l

keep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .

F i l e s , c la s s if ie s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

F I L E C L E R K — C ontinued

O R D E R C L E R K — C ontinued

C la s s A . C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c on ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l. M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the f ile s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f ile c le r k s .

ad equ acy o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s to m e r;
fu rn is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y the s p e c ifie d date o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; ch e c k in g ship p ing in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r su b h ead in gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in clu d e
any o f th e f o llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w l­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s izin g
s e llin g s k ills ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t o f the job .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c l a s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m
(e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m an u al task s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H an d les o r d e r s that in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m en ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c ific p ro d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u ct
lin e s w i l l s a tis fy the c u s to m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to be qu oted
w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e lis t o r m ak in g
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . H an d les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t if ie d uses and a p p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m an u a l,
o r s im ila r docu m en t to in s u r e that p r o p e r ite m is s u p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tg o in g , and in t r a s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a rg es .. B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t im e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e them one o p e r a to r a re
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o acts as a r e c e p tio n is t, s e e S w itc h b o a rd
O pe r ato r - R e c e p tio n i s t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's
w o r k in v o lv e s such d u ties as g r e e t in g v i s it o r s ; d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia te in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g th at p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an ap p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .
ORDER C LERK
R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u tie s : Q u o tin g p r ic e s ; d e te rm in in g a v a ila ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b stitu tes w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y d ate and m eth o d o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; ch e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e r if y in g the in te r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m an u a l o r au tom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f ic e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l ia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h ave a
k n o w le d g e o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is

of

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n ting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e accou n ting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u gh p re v io u s accou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

M A C H IN E B I L L E R — C ontinued

w h e r e id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly in d ic a te d ;
c h eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sing a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g co d e s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u ltan eo u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n ifo rm
and s tan d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re
o f the p a r tic u la r accou n tin g s y s te m used.
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in ea c h p hase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accoun ts (not in ­
clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d is ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh e e ts f o r the accou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a re c la s s ifie d by ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s to m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a d ju stin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w a g e r a te s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits , o r ta x d ed u ction s; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis tin g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a r y p a y r o ll r e p o r ts . In a nona u tom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s . W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n ta l r e g u la tio n s , com p an y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a k eypu n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a rd s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into le v e l s

on the

a lp h a b e tic an d/or

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e
d o c u m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s stan d ­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich h a ve b e en c od e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e le c t in g , co d in g , o r in t e r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to su ­
p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r cod es o r m is s in g
in fo r m a tio n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E S S— C ontinued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m by use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to en a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s c on d ition s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m ents to be used; ou tlin e s a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g em en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and

p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
eq u ip m en t chan ges to ob ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)

D oes not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e rin g
p r o b le m s .

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

F o r w a g e 9tudy p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input d ata and m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a te d p ro d u c tio n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in it ia te d b y th e
c o m p u te r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e d ata p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s te m s o f d ata p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and f o r
o b ta in in g eq u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y s te m s

p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p ro d u c tio n
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s te m s a n a l­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g shou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic an d/ or e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

a re

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

a n a ly s ts

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s th a t a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n eo u s and th e output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
a ccou n ts
r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a ccou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s
as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p
and exp an d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l
s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e ­
c is e in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w h en e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed
la n g u a g e , cau se th e m a n ip u la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te rs , and p a r t ic u la r su b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a rts and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w
c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e
c h a rts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and ch a rts
w h ich id e n tify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s tep s to
be a c c o m p lis h e d , and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b ­
le m s o lv in g r o u tin e ; p lan s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d
to e f f ic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m en t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
ucts f r o m n u m e ro u s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
te n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e ­
u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to
d ata w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d ata e le m e n ts to f o r m a
h ig h ly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le S e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
input d ata w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e data h a v e b e en r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and se q u e n c in g o f d ata cam b e te s t e d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

OR

W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under
c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d if fic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

DRAFTER

M a y g u id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n ce p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f sta n d a rd p r o ­
c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c ts
o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PERATO R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; Stu d ies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te r m in e eq u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s e qu ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tap e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m en t in to
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s is t
in c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
For

w age

stu d y

p u rposes,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : N ew
p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e
o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x
d e s ig n so th at id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w l­
e d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t
o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly
r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a l t e r ­
n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r chan ge
o r cannot b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt tim e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t iv e a c tio n .
T h is u s u a lly in ­
v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g s ta n d a rd
c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n der c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t u sed and
a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has
r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C la s s A . P la n s th e g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e su p p o rt w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n ge s . A n a ly z e s th e e f fe c t o f e a c h chan ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r ts . W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk
is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g
d e te r m in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly used .
Q u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n co m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a­
tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m an u als in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g g e sted m eth od s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ign m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plan s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AN D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o r k is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g co n d itio n .
T h e e q u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g
e q u ip m en t.

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such s tan d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as co m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h old ra d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w ho have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c if ic c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l g u id an ce to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on th e b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad v a n c e d te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u als o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and
fre q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n ges.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d erstan d in g o f
the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m en t in p e r ­
fo r m in g such ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in ­
s tru m e n ts (e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).
W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l't e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u als o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m en t in d e te rm in in g w o r k s eq u en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed by the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in ­
s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s as: A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t; and u sing to o ls and com m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is
not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in ­
c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so th at w o r k e r can advance
to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d
r e v ie w w h en n ew o r ad va n ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R I A L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; atten d in g to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts f o r c o m p en s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u ca tion , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p lan t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h ea lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ead n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u rse a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N S — C ontinued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan d a rd
m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

e q u ip m en t such as
g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n e qu ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r
s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r
equ ip m en t; w o rk in g s ta n d a rd com p u tation s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l e q u ip m en t; and u sing a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h andtools
and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ­
ten a n ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu nctions such as the in ­
s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e qu ip m en t f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d i s t r i ­
b u tion , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p es o f p ain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p ain tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R — C ontinued

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

and in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g p ain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p ain t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s roun ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cuttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith cou p lin gs and fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e rs ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd te s ts to d e te rm in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m ain ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l e qu ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tru c tio n s and s p e c if ic a ­
tio n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sing a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's han d tools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g s tan d a rd
m a c h in e to o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s tan d a rd
shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eed s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f han d tools in
s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m stock ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g the m a ch in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u ties in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e use o f such h a n d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m ak in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r
tig h te n in g b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m o to r v e h ic le m ain ten a n ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e rs '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t- m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if ic a ­
tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sing a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools in cu ttin g, b en d in g , fo r m in g , shap in g,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w h en chan ges in the plant lay ou t a re
r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o rk ;
in t e r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h and tools
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e qu ip m en t;
s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o ls , e q u ip m en t, and p a r ts to b e used; and in s ta llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t such as d r iv e s and
s p ee d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in ten a n ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, suoh as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to
p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C ontinued

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g on e o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en g in e la th e r , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and a d ju st g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g
t a b le s , and o t h e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f s to c k to b e m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sing a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; usihg
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in c lu d e m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh ops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
co m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tio n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p um ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c on su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H ea d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDR1VER

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

D r iv e s
a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as:
M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , f r e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o loa d o r unload tru c k
w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e ep tr u c k in
g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in c o n n e c tio n w ith shipping
good s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r fo r m in g d a y - t o - d a y , rou tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In h andling unusual n o n rou tin e p r o b le m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c ific g u id ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d ir e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t iv it ie s o f o th e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g good s to be sh ip p ed o r b ein g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
r a te d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

S h ip p e rs t y p ic a lly a r e
r e s p o n s ib le f o r
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a te ly f i l l e d by c o m p a rin g ite m s and q u a n titie s
o f good s g a th e r e d f o r sh ip m en t a g a in s t d o c u m e n ts ; in s u rin g that sh ip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r ly p a c k a g e d , id e n tifie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo r m a tio n , and lo a d e d into
tr a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s sh ip p ed , e .g .,
m a n ife s t s , b ills o f la d in g .

t r u c k d r iv e r s

a r e c la s s ifie d

b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , u n d er (I V 2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , 1 V2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tru c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a ile r

R e c e iv e r s t y p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g sh ip m en ts b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and
q u a n titie s un load ed a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to r a g e

46

S H I P P E R A N D R E C E I V E R — C ontinued

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R — C ontinued

r e c e ip t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a ge d g o o d s ; in s u rin g that
good s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n tifie d f o r rou tin g to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s r e c e iv e d .

m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Lon gsh ore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d erstan d in g o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n otin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b viou s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n to r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a ge ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e iv e r and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in ad d ition to f illin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g
ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d i­
tio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d
d u tie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a c k ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con tent; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sing e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n ta in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ak e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c ra te s a r e exc lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
L o a d in g and un load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpackin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g

a r e c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lif t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r a c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e rs o n s fr o m h a za rd s
o r in t e r f e r e n c e .
D u ties in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m ak in g rounds on
fo o t o r b y m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be d e p u tize d
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s
and c u s to m e rs by a n s w e rin g
q u e s tio n s and g iv in g d ir e c tio n s .
G u ard s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o t e c t iv e
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is oc c u p a tio n .

ser­

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , gu ard s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
G u ard A
E n fo r c e s
r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b re a c h e s o f s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s ju d g m e n t and u ses d is c r e t io n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r g e n c ie s and
s e c u r ity v io la t io n s e n c o u n te re d .
D e te r m in e s w h e th e r f i r s t r e s p o n s e should
be to in te r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a s k in g f o r a s s is ta n c e w hen d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y and
tim e a llo w s ), to k e ep situ a tio n u n der s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t situ a tion
so that it can be h andled by a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
D uties r e q u ir e s p e ­
c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o te c tin g s e c u r ity a r e a s .
C o m m o n ly , the gu ard is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te con tinuin g p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o fic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o th e r s p e c ia l w eap on s.
G u ard B
C a r r ie s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n te d to w a r d in s u r in g that
e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and r e p o r te d to
a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d ir e c t ly o n ly in situ ation s w h ich r e q u ir e
m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e m in im a l
tr a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , the g u a rd is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s .
M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p r o f ic ie n c y in the use o f f ir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w e a p o n s .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; dusting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r
tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; and c le a n in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w
w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lts a r e pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lies la s t
f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u s ta , G a.— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T ex.
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and
G
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo rd , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am p aign —U rbana—R a n tou l, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T enn.—K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E u gen e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo r d —
S
K la m a th F a lls — ra n ts P a s s —
G
R oseb u rg , O reg.
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .

F o r t R ile y —Jun ction C ity , K ans.
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —Okla.
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—P a .
G ad sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a.
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L aredo, Tex.
L a w to n , O kla.
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y.
L im a , O hio
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o re , M d .—V a .—D el.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n —P h a r r — d in b u rg and
E
B r o w n s v ille —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m outh, and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la . —F la .
M ontana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T enn.
N e w B e r n — a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
J
N e w H a m p s h ire (s ta te w id e )
N e w Lon d on — o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N
N o r th D akota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh am , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o —
O n ta rio , C a lif.
S a lin a , K ans.
S a lin a s — e a s id e — o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
M
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e rm a n — e n is o n , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D akota (s ta te w id e )
S ou th ern Idaho
S o u th w e stern V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e ,
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo —F a ir f ie ld — a p a , C a lif.
N
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Isla n d s o f the U.S.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Iow a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—Md.
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W a lla —P e n d le to n ,
W ash .—O r e g .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r
accou n ta n ts, a u d ito r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
to r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $1.35
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W a sh in gton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u rc h a s e d f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s shown on the b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g
O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M a k e ch e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g th e y e a r s
1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1_________________________________________ 1 900-76, 85 cents
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y . , Sept. 1976 _________________ 1900-59, 55 cen ts
S
T
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a— a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f . , O ct. 1976__________________________________________________ 1900-67, 75 cen ts
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977___________________________________________ 1950-17, $ 1 .2 0
B a lt im o r e , M d . , A u g . 1976_______________________________________ 1900-52, 85 cen ts
B i l li n g s , M o n t., July 1976_______________________________________ 1900-39, 55 cen ts
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977___________________________________ 1950-8, 85 cents
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976 _______________________________________ 1900-53, 85 cen ts
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1976 _________________________________________ 1900-70, 75 cen ts
C an ton , O h io , M a y 1977 1 ________________________________________ 1950-28, $ 1 .1 0
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .— a ., Sept. 1976 ___________________________ 1900-57, 55 cen ts
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 ________________ _________________________ 1900-32, $ 1 .0 5
C in c in n a ti, O h io — y .— d ., M a r . 1.976_________________________
K
In
1 900-7, 75 cen ts
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1976_____________________________________
1900-62, 95 cen ts
1900-68, 75 cen ts
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 197 6 ______________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , July 1976________________________________ 1900-41, 55 c4nts
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , Oct. 1976___________________________
1900-63, 85 cen ts
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla n d — o lin e , Io w a —
R
M
111., F eb . 1977 1 _____ 1950-26, $ 1 .1 0
D a y ton , O h io , D e c . 1976 _________________________________________ 1900-78, 85 cen ts
D ayton a B e a c h , F la . , A u g . 1976 ________________________________ 1900-45, 45 cen ts
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1 976_____________________________ 1900-73, 85 cen ts
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1977_______________________________________
1 950-13, $ 1 .2 0
F r e s n o , C a l i f. , June 1977 _______________________________________
1950-30, 70 cen ts
G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1976 ____________________________________ 1900-54, 45 cen ts
G r e e n B a y , W is ., July 1 976_____________________________________
1 900-37, 55 cen ts
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1976___________________________________________________ 1900-47, 65 cen ts
G r e e n v ille — p a r ta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1976 1____________________ 1900-36, 85 cen ts
S
H a r t fo r d , C onn ., M a r . 1 977______________________________________ 1950-9, 80 cen ts
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1976________________________________________ 1900-26, 85 cen ts
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1_____________________________________ 1950-4, $ 1 .4 0
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1976____________________ _________________ 1900-58, 75 cents
J a ck son , M is s . , Jan. 1977 1 ______________________________________ 1950-2, $ 1 .5 0
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1976 1__________________________________ 1900-80, 85 cents
K an sas C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1976 1 _________________________
1900-60, $ 1.05
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif. , O ct. 1976__________________ 1900-77, 85 cen ts
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— d ., N o v . 1976_________________________________ 1900-69, 55 cen ts
In

A rea
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . — i s s . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________
A
M
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 1976___________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1977________________
N a s sa u — u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
S
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan 1977 __________________________________________
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1__________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977__________________________ _____
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1977______________ ____________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o r t N e w s — am p ton , V a .— .C ., M a y 1977_____________
H
N
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1976 ____________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1976_______________________________
O m aha, N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1976__________________________________
Io
P a te r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1976 __________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1976 1____________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977 ______________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1 ___________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1977 1____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n — e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 197 6 ________
N
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R . I. —
M a s s ., June 1977 1 ______________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1977 1 _____________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1977 .............. ........ ................... .........
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif. , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
S a gin a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1 9 7 6 1_____________________________________
S a lt L?-ke C ity — gden , U tah, N o v . 1976_______________________
O
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1__________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v . 197 6 ____________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —O aklan d, C a lif. , M a r . 1977 ___________________
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan 1977 1_____________________________
E
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 197 6 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , Ju ly 197 6 _______________________________________
T o le d o , O hio— ic h . , M a y 1977__________________________________
M
T r e n to n , N . J . , Sept. 197 6 ________________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D. C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
M
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 _____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1977 __________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1977 _____________________________________________
*

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r ic e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
65 cen ts
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1 .5 0
85 cents
$1 .2 0
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1950- 18,
1900-56,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-1 5,
1950-6,

$ 1.20
$ 1.10
$ 1.20
55 cen ts
75 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10
55 cents
$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.20
55 cents
55 cents
80 cents
55 cents
$ 1.20
$ 1.10
70 cen ts
$ 1.10

P rices are d e te rm in e d by the G o vern m en t P rin tin g O ffic e and are su b ject tc • change,

1 D ata

85 cents
75 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1.00
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1.60
$1 .2 0

on establish m en t p ra ctices and su pplem en tary w a g e provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region IN

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
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Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.0 Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
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Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
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District of Columbia
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West Virginia

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Georgia
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Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, til. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griftin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

Arkansas
Louisiana
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Texas

VII
Iowa
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Missouri
Nebraska

Illinois
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Ohio
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VIII
Colorado
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Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX

X

Arizona
California
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Alaska
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