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L 4.3:
/A f o - v 6

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Portland, Oregon—
Washington, Metropolitan Area
May 1975
Bulletin 1850-40




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Riirpau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a May 197 5 survey of occupational earnings in the
Portland, Oregon—Washington, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area ( Clackamas, Multnomah,
and Washington Counties, Oreg.; and Clark County, Wash.).
The survey was made as part
of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program.
The program is
designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional
estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 82 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed.
The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from
individual metropolitan area data.
The Portland survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco,
Calif., under the general direction of Milton Keenan, Associate Assistant Regional Director
for Operations.
The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of
the many firm s whose wage and.salary data provided the basis for the statistical information
in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Portland
area are available for banking (September 1973) and fluid milk (October 1973); and on
earnings only for selected laundry and dry cleaning (May 1975) industries. A lso available
are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating
employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of
these are available from the Bureau's regional offices.
(See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -4 0

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R, John T . Dunlop, Secretary

October 1975

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Portland, Oregon—Washington, Metropolitan Area, May 1975
CONTENTS

Page
2

Introduction
Tables:
A.

U f- o o o
1
o

Earnings:
A -l.
Weekly earnings of office workers_________________________________________________________________________________________ 3
A - l a . Weekly earnings of office workers—
large establishm ents__________________________
A -2 .
Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers ____________________________
A -2 a . Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—
large establishments___
A - 3.
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
A -3 a . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technicalworkers, by sex—
large establishments______________ 1
A -4 .
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant w o rk ers_______________________________________________________________ 11
A -4 a . Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers—
large establishments______________________________________ 12
A - 5.
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w o rk ers_________________________________________________________ 12
A -5 a . Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers—
large establishments_________________________________ 14
A -6 .
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by s e x _______ 15
A -6 a . Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers,
by sex—
large establishments______________________________________________________________________________________________ 16
A - 7.
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,adjusted for employment sh ifts.. 17

Appendix A.
Appendix B.




Scope and method of su rvey_______________________________________________________________________________________________ 19
Occupational descriptions__________________________________________________________________________________________________ 21

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 75 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number o f workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
e rs, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A -series tables

Appendixes

Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey.
Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

A.

Earnings
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
o
f
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

Average
weekly

S

$

S

$

all

(
standard) Mean ^

S

$

s
150

$

S

I

*

1

1
280

%

85

85

Occupation and industry division

80
and
under

90

95

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

IRQ

190

200

220

290

260

280

$
$
$
199.00 109.50-176.50

-

“

9

6

18

-

-

-

15

-

-

10

-

-

5

2

5

*

-

4

2

11

15

9

9

-

"

7

-

-

"

-

“

"

“

”

36
12
29
-

36
6
30
1

50
10
90
-

86
27
59
-

119
27

19
n
8
-

96
55
91

28
10
18
8

31
25
6
5

27
2
25
-

126

2u

118
-

20

7

60

85
27
58
6

7

~

i
i
-

“

•
*

28
28
3
17

109
1
108
37
71

13
2
11
11
-

22
22
2?
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

_

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

Median ^

Middle ranged

90

95

loo

no

120

130

190

160

170

190

180

220

200

290

260

320

300

and
300

over

320

workers

BILLEPS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------

70

$
90.0 195.00

BO OK KE E P I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R a T O m S,
CLASS n -------------------------------

62

40.0

135.50 135.00 120.00-159.00

~

5

CLEPKS, AC CO UN TI NG * CLASS A -------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

762
221
591
8o

39.5
39.5
39.5
90.0

181.50
171.50
186.00
162.50

165.00
170.00
163.00
157.00

199.50-210.00
199.50-189.00
199.50-251.50
152.00-158.00

_
-

_
-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS o -------M A NU FA CT OP IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G -----------------P U BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

1,256
280
976
1S6
985

90.0
90.0
90. C
90.0
90.0

192.50
139.50
195.00
197.50
136.50

130.00 116.00-161.50
129.00 121.00-198.00
130.00 life.00-179.50
189.00 184.00-218.50
129.00 110.00-161.50

-

18
18
18

9
9
9

37
5
32
6

135
21
119
81

199
39
155
no

216
76
190
79

139
96
88
17
22

107
38
69
28

38
15
23
7

93
19
79
3
36

26
15
11
1
4

77
3
79
62
2

CLEPKS. FILE. CLASS 8 --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ------------------

189
178

39.0 125.50 121.00
39.0 125.50 117.50

90.00-131.50
99.00-131.50

_
-

-

11
11

37
37

38
37

8
5

39
36

17
13

2
2

10
10

2
2

8
8

7
7

CLEPKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U F I N G ------------------

127
112

39.0
39.0

92.00-103.50
92.00-103.50

12
10

16
15

28
26

31
28

22
16

13
12

2
2

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

_
*

“

CLEPKS, O R D E R ------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U O I N G ------------------

937
131
306

90.0 169.50 170.50 195.00-197.50
90.0 164*00 199.50 127.50-188.50
90.0 171.50 177.00 199.50-197.50

-

_
-

1
1

18
15
3

9
4
-

8
7
1

29
12
12

16
7
9

93
21
72

17
3
19

37
10
27

39
7
27

98
12
36

109
7
97

9
2
7

6
6
-

18
18
"

~

-

CLERKS, P A YR OL L ---------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

289
131
153
63

90.0 169.00
90.0 156.50
90.0 179.50
90.0 208.50

161.00
199.50
175.50
211.50

138.00-191.50
126.50-175.00
151.00-203.50
177.00-296.50

-

-

-

i
i
-

29
20
9

21
17
9

23
6
17

39
26
8

16
3
13

38
22
16

91
6
91
25

3
3
.

11
11
-

23
8
15

12
5
7

22
2
20
19

4
i
3
3

-

-

K E YP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P ' I N G ------------------

39.5 157.50 199.00
90 . C 133.00 130.50
39.5 165.00 198.50
217.00 231.50
90.0 172.50 193.00

126.50-189.00
122.50-193.00
130.00-200.50
177.00-295.00
194.00-200.50

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

55
19
91

71
27
99

51
15
36

80
29
56

31
12
19

18
3
15

13

9
9

21
21

31
1
30

-

-

-

-

5

"

7

8

6

-

*

12

23

32
32
32
-

*

-

25
25
13
-

-

RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

<♦45
109
391
75
61

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS a -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G -----------------PU HL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

281
109
177
38

90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0

132.00
139.00
128.50
193.50

114.00-155.50
122.00-152.50
106.00-155.50
133.50-171.50

-

*

ME SS EN GE RS ---------------------------NO NM A N U E A C T U R I N G ------------------

126
87

39.5 110.50 107.00
39.0 111.00 103.50

93.00-112.50
93.00-119.00

S E CR ET AR IE S --------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T IL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

1.792
636
1,106
202
68

SECRETARIES. CL AS S A -------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

128
55
73

99.00
99.00

98.00
98.00

_

_

_

*

“
-

“

“

*

“

3
3

1
1
-

2
1

1
1

i
i

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

2
-

*

*

219
81
133
1

259
85
169
9
2

229
98
131
2
3

169
55
119
16
19

120
58
62
3
-

85
23
62
17
6

129
99
80
20
29

69
21
98
17
5

57
8
99
90
"

25
5
20
18
-

28
1
27
26
“

1
1
1
“

6

6
1
5

22
5
17

17
17

6
3
3

5
2
3

19
7
12

19
10
9

19
5
9

2

6
i
5

2
1
1

_

4

-

16
12

17
11

16
15

29
22

31
10

8
6

9
4

-

194.00-186.00
190.00-180.00
196.00-193.50
179.00-260.00
168.00-205.00

_
-

_
-

-

9
9
-

9
5
4
-

59
17
37
12
1

119
57
62
8
5

170
78
92
12
7

39.5 193.00 192.50 157.00-208.50
90.0 189.50 175.50 165.50-200.00
39.0 199.00 195.50 155.50-222.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
1
3

2
2

161.00
158.00
163.CO
232.00
190.00

-

27
19
13
6

-

169.50
162.50
173.50
221.00
181.50

-

2
2
-

93
29
19
12

39.5
90.0
39.0
90.0
90.0

-

12
9
8
3

92
26
16
6

-

r

*

5
3
2
2

29
10
19
-

-

-

18
11
7

6

29
29
2

_

2




6
6
"

9
"

See footnotes at end of tables.

*

12
3
9
1

52
6
96
-

-

13
11

_

a

*

11
1
10
-

139.50
199.50
136.50
156.00

87

“

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of

N u m b e r of worker s receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
Median ^

(standard

Middle range *

00
and
under

85

$

s

$

%

90

95

$
loo

$

%
no

120

$
130

*

*
150

160

170

$

S

$
180

190

POO

5

%
220

24o

I

*

i
260

280

300

380
and

100

130

140

2
2

3
3

11
1*

-

34

1 30

160

Q

'

95

120

3

_9(L

no

2
2

85

I
140

170

180

190

200

220

241

261

280

300

320 over

ALL WO RK ER S—
CONTINUED
SE CR ET AR IE S— CO NTINUED
$

btvr L 1nK 1 J | LL A j j O
C.
190

595
63
178
38

$

f7?
10.0

39.0 155.00
*«

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L --------------

$
n

*
*

153.00 136.50-170.50

-

-

-

9

•1A

44
fQ

8

155.50 144.50 126.50 -1 77 .GO
157.00
40.0 155.00
214.50 227.00 183.00-232.5(1

-

-

-

-

6

87

97

20
2
1-8

o?
24

28

b5

17' 0 172 50
170.00 170.00 15o.50-188.50
176.00

1' 1
*58

63

144. -.0 106.00-166.50

337

40.0 134.00

132.50

1u
27

69

68

32

15
.

3

l-Q
A

4

4

17

3

8

2

2
7
3

J

2
9

2
2

8

4

1

£

j

-

-

9

51

47

57

41

b

n
W

*

107

140.00
'0*0 129.00 i^ c* ^ o
39.5 148.00 138.00 132.50-150.00

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS. CLASS 8 -----------------------------------

442

38.5 113.00

111.00

-

-

53

63

8

d
*
7

30*^

109*'0

r3

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1-2
12

4

11

1u
ro

?

6

*
3

2

10

1
100

-

3

*
*

2

20

ui
ro

45

n„„

NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

-

1y

11

u

19

9
59
46

19

146.00 |33 *
39.0 150.50 1 0.00

1

1
20

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,




*

34

*

6
-

j9?*H9
132.00 120.b0 H u .00*144.00

See footnotes at end of tables.

2
2

24
24

2

9

18

8

'
g

99.00-120.00

1
'lr

24

^6

2

115.00-144.00

29
__
28

30

^6
14

89
24

yn *
/ « n 136 50
/A «
•*0*0 142.00

h*

1
-3
10

40.0

68

29

3"7

rr
c>^

~
£

lJa
A

50
6*.

8

27

10

2

2
2
56

13

2b

30

153.00 . r r._
158.00 1 J-7* JO

40.0

^ (

SWITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

40

40.0 c.73.00 oo,

^9*9
3 «0
SECRETARIES. CLASS D --------------

$
|

199*^9

4

1-6
70

2

4

9

-

116

59

22

5

5
1

i

5
1

1-5

2

S
n
1
-4

j

2
2
3

2

7

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
S

Average
weekly
hours 1
standard)

$
95

M ean2

Middle range 2

Median 2

100

105

WORKERS

110

120

s

$
130

140

$

150

$
160

s

s
170

180

S

$
190

200

$

$
210

220

t

$

$
240

260

2a0

$
300

and
under

U " der

320

and
120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

12
12

7
6

9
9

16
15

31
18

19
12

8
8

10
10

9
8

6
6

11
5

17
2

90

20
-

7

-

_

i

-

-

-

27
13
14

57
28
29

35
27
8

19
11
8

13
7
6

14
9
5

6
4
2

67
3
64

26

72

-

-

11
-

18
.

72

11
11

18
13

_

_
-

_
-

28

37
1
36

_

5
6

-

-

-

100

ALL

S

$

s

S

105

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

27

5
3
2

n o

273
112

40.0
40.0

208.00
160.50

$
219.00
156.50

$

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------C L E « K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S 6 ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

455
113
342
135
152

40.0
40.U
40.0

165.50
134.50
175.50

184.00
132.50
184.00

125.00-201.50
121.00-145.50
130.50-201.50

27

8
2
6

40.0

lb3.00

197.50

109.00-201.50

*27

6

2

6

3

7

2

1

6

2

“

2

17

66

5

-

-

B ----------------------------------------

02
74

40.0
40.0

139.00
141.00

126.50
129.00

107.0U-163.00
106.00-170.50

.

12
11

5
5

4
1

15
13

15
13

2
2

_

8
8

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

_

-

2
2

_

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-------------------------------

71

40.0

144.50

146.50

125.50-164.00

1

3

-

1

7

8

9

14

6

11

8

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

135
09
56

40.0
40.0
40.0

180.50
191.50
203.00

177.00
177.00
177.00

149.50-216.00
164.00-221.50
177.00-242.00

-

-

1

12
10
1

7
6
2

27
25
25

3
-

-

8
7
-

9
8
3

11
6
6

17
17
16

_

-

8
3
3

_

-

5
1

_

-

9
4

5

-

_

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

283
97
186
75

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

168.50
133.00
187.00
217.00

1 5 3 . CO
130.50
196.50
231.50

131.50-201.00
121.00-144.00
145.00-226.50
177.00-245.00

30
13
17

27
12
15
2

7
3
4
4

11

-

3

25

-

-

-

32

11
11

-

16
4

3
2

25
13

_

_
_

-

28
1
27
4

-

-

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

119
58
61

40.0
40.0
40.0

149.00
143.00
154.50

137.00
134.50
143.50

2
-

10
3
7

5
3
2

7
4
3

2
2
-

10
3
7

7
1
6

•
-

M E S S E N G E R S ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

78
57

39.5
39.5

112.50
113.50

2

1
1

1
1

3
3

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A O E -------------------------

843
448
395
65

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

108
82
49

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

$

RETAIL

TRADE

-------------------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS,

0R0ER

$

157.00-257.00
139.50-185.00

-

n

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

12
2
-

.

.

-

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

25
14
11

28
23
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

43
23
20
3

125.00-171.00
121.50-160.90
128.50-180.50

_

5
1
4

3
3

-

1
1
-

-

10
6
4

20
10
10

27
18
9

10
3
7

99.50
100.00

91.00-117.00
93.00-114.00

**26
18

11
10

4
3

4
3

13
10

6
4

2
2

.
-

-

-

2
1

-

1
1

-

180.50
165.00
198.00
184.50

170.50
157.50
184.00
195.00

147.50-203.00
142.00-182.50
160.00-234.00
170.00-205.00

-

.
-

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

36
29
7
2

83
57
26
7

88
65
23
1

101
63
38
2

86
54
32
3

96
40
56
14

55
39
16
-

45
21
24
6

56
17
39
18

23
12
11
6

43
19
24
5

49
8
41

-

20
13
7
1

40.0
40.0
-rv*v

198.00
239.50

179.00
245.00
284.00

157.50-233.50
195.00-299.00
252.50-299.50

.
-

_

-

2
-

2
-

3
-

9
-

15
1

26
3

21
4

17
6

14
4

6

7
7

9
3

13
8

13
12
11

b

24
24

343
182
161

40.0
40.0
40.0

174.00
157.00
193.50

165.50
144.50
190.00

139.00-200.00
132.50-170.00
160.00-222.50

15
4

26
5
21

11
2

1

9

J

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

242
111
131

39.5
40.0
39.0

167.50
169.00
165.50

162.00
162.00
163.50

197.50-182.50
1 4 6 . 5 0 - 1 8 5 , SO
149.50-179.50

1

98
67
32

40.0
40.0

162.50
164.50

149.00
133.50

118.50-201.50
117.50-227.00
183.00-232.50

---------------

85

40.0

176.50

164.50

149.50-209.50

---------------

40

40.0

189.50

195.50

155.00-227.50

_

_

s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

_
_

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURINGS
PUBLIC UTILITIES

-TV* V

* * '* UU
"■

-

-

W o rk er s we r e distributed as follows:
W o rk er s we re distributed as follows:

See footnotes at end of tables.




18 at $85 to $90; and 9 at $90 to $95.
15 at $85 to $90; and 13 at $90 to $95.

2

-

16

-

1
-

•

-

-

3
3

-

34
19
15

19
10
9

32
8
24

23
17

6

20
10
10

29
6
23

5
1
4

6

2S
13
12

32
20
12

35
15
20

36
17
19

38
12
26

17
11
6

11
2
9

17
8
9

7
3
4

8
5
3

2
2

2

3

5
4

4

1
1
1

16
14
14

4

i

3
1

2

4

4

4
3

17

1

22
19

10
8

9
2

4
1

-

-

8
6

2

6

16

12

9

9

6

6

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
5
18

27
1
26

1

6

1

6

1
1
1

1
1

-

4

17

6

-

-

-

40
30
10

-

-

-

47
33
14

-

-

_

_

25
23
2
7
2
5

5
5

3?
3?

12
11
1

•

2

'
*
**

-

1

n

4

•

1

-

i

-

-

1

4

_

i

1
1
1

”

*

*

Weekly earnings
(standard)_____

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

$

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)!

Under
^

95
,
and
under

100

105

~
105

110L

$

$

$

$

$

110

$
120

130

1^0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

120

130

140

150

16Q

170

18Q

190

200

210

220.

24p

260

280

300

320

over

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

136.50-199.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

40.0 135.50 126.50 117.50-136.00
40.0 127.00 125.00 117.00-131.50

TYPISTS, CLASS 6 --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




138
50

39.0
40.0

112.50 1 0 6. 00 119.00 115.00 1 0 6 . 0 0 120.00

127.00
126.50

$

$

$

$

J

£

£

$

$

$

“

100

Occupation and industry division

46
18

Weekly earnings 1
(stan dard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

$
130

Median

^

Middle ranged

Under
and
5
under
130
140

$

$

140

150

160

150

160

170

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earning of—
$
$
s
S
S
s
S
S
$
$
i
s
s
S
I
S
190 200
210
170
180
240
220 230
260
360
300
280
340
380 400
320

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

5

260

280

300

320

340

360

360

400

420

4

7

4

9

6

4

1

*

*

-

5

5

4

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

3

-

ALL WO RK ER S
CO MP U T E R OPERATORS.

CLASS A --------

68

COMP UT ER OP ER AT OR S.

CLASS b --------

218

$
$
$
$
40.0 233.00 212.50 196.50-262.00

*

*

-

4

11

18

7

8

39.S 180.50

173.00 160.00-197.50

-

7

34

14

28

43

19

25

19

12

173.00 160.00-205.00

-

7

26

6

23

20

13

19

19

12

-

-

5

4

1

-

-

-

1
1
-

•
-

5
5
-

8
6
2

17
11
6

7
4
3

10
5
5

43
1G
33

16
2
14

24
B
16

12
5
7

-

1

1
1
-

23
21

13
11

3
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

8

11

20

6
10

2

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

157

39.5 182.50

C O MP UT ER PROGRA MM ER S.
BU SINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

IAS
58
87

39.5 254.50 247.50 227.50-283.50
40.0 243.00 232,50 214.00-275.00
39.5 262.50 253.00 745.00-284.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

C O MP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S.
BUSINESS, CLASS 3 ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

104
69

39.0 222.50 225.00 195.50-236.00
38.5 230.50 230.00 213.00-242.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2

7
5

15
6

12
4

9
3

9
6

CO MP U T E R SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BU SINESS. CLASS A -------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

3

1

3

14

14

8

9

4

3
3

_

24
16

30
6

18
10

11
11

2b
12

15
9

17
13

4
4

5
1

3

-

18
14

38
12
26

56
20
36

5d
40
18

10

•

-

6

-

12
3
9
9

1

-

20
10
10
8

6

-

35
23
12
8

21
15

-

20
17
3
1

1
1

1

2

70

39.5 333.00 334.50 303.50-368.00

COMP UT ER S Y ST EM S ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B -------------------

73

39.5 291.50 283.00 254.00-322.00

DRAFTERS. CL AS S A ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

178
101

40.0 224.50 218.50 198.00-236.00
40.0 222.00 217.50 196.00-241.50

DRAFTERS, CL AS S R ----------------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N C NM AN UF a c t u b i n g ----------------------------------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------------

303
170
133
39

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

203.50 195.50 164.0li-225.5t
202.50 196.50 168.53-224.50
205.00 190.50 184.00-228.00
251.50 243.50 23 0. 00 -2 69 .CO

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

7
7

5
5

12

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

8

7 t

50

* W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end of tables.




lbl 50 1'iV 50
7 0 U 156.50 160.00

1 at $110 to $120; and 12 at $120 to $130,

"»a

7

9

-

a

2

-

6

6

fx

7

-

*

6

1

-

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2a. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1975
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

workers

150
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

Under
j

150

$

%

i

Number

*

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of----s
$
s
i
$
S
*
$
S
s
*
S
250
210
230
260
270
190 200
220
28o
300
320
240

160

170

180

170

180

190

«

S

$

S

340

360

380

400

360

380

400

420

10

6

1

“

,
and
under

160

200

2 10

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

340

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

23Bl U ^ r U I Ln

U r U K f l I UK j i

vL

^

64

40.0 103. j

169.00-211.50

0

3

18

9

10

1

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*
1
1

234.00

J

J

6

1

*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
40.0 337.00 333. -»0
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS 8 --------------------- -- ------------------,jr,r

56

40.0 303.00 309.00 27 5.50-345.00

r

229.00
'00

- r#
a
201 50

l^KAr 1LK j f vl.Hj j u
nonmanufacturing:

37

See footnotes at end of tables.




192.03
„r;j .

1 9 2 I 00

250 50

1
“

-

-

2

2

1

“

“

3

2

4

2

1

1

7

7

VQ
8

6

5

8

9

4

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
oi
workers

Average
(mean2)
Weekly
Weekly
hours *
[st da ) (standard)
an rd

O F FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

Sex, occupation, and industry division

100
61

$
40.0 206.50
40.0 218.50

CLERKS, AC CO UN TI NG , CL AS S B -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

S6
SO

40.0 163.00
40.0 164.53

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS b
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU HI NG --------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ------

CLERKS, OR D E R ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

136
102

40.0 190.50
40.0 190.00

MESSENGERS ---------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
SECRETARIES ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S
RETAIL TRADE ----

BILLERS, M A C H I N E (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------

60

40.0 131.00

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OP ERATORS.
CL AS S f ------------------------------l

61

O
o

135.50

CLERKS, ACCOUN TI NG , CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------R E TA IL TR AD E --------------------

662
182
A80
BO

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

178.00
168.00
182.00
162.50

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS a -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----- ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------RE T A I L TRADE --------------------

1,200
274
926
134
472

40.0 142.00
40.0 134.00
40.0 144.00
40.0 193.50
40.0 137.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

186
175

39.0 123.50
39.0 123.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- -----------

125
111

39.0
39.0

97.50
97.50

CLERKS, O R D E R ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

301
97
204

40. U 159.50
40.0 154.50
40.0 lb2.00

CLERKS, P A YR OL L ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

267
125
142
58

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

K E YP UN CH OP ER AT OR S, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- —
P U BL IC UT I L I T I E S --------------RETAIL TR AD E --------------------

439
104
335
74
61

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

166.00
154.00
177.00
204.50
158.00
133.00
165.50
217.00
172.50

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

SECRETARIES* CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --- --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O F F I C E O C CU PA TI ON S WOMEN— C O NT IN UE D

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S
WO M E N — CO NTINUED

CLERKS, AC CO UN TI NG , CL AS S A -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

OF FI CE OC C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
workers

281
104
177
38
89
58
1,734
b 36
1,098
196
68
127
55
72

139.50
144.50
136.50
156.00

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU HI NG ----------- -----

63
55

$
39.0 145.00
39.0 149.50

39.5 105.00
39.0 103.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------- -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

187
80
107

40.0 140.00
40.0 129.00
39.5 148.00

59
381

38.5 113.50
40.0 118.00
38.5 112.50

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

169.00
162.50
172.50
218.50
181.50

39.5 192.00
40.0 184.50
39.0 198.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -

334
148
186
47

39.5
40.3
39.5
40.0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---

656
244
412

39.5 166.50
40.0 156.50
39.0 173.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS D
MANUFA CT UR IN G ----- N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG — PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -

595
176
419
63

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

155.00
158.50
153.00
158.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --- --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -

177
53
124
37

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

155.00
157.00
154.00
213.00

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S

204
63
141
58

40.C
40.0
39.5
40.0

174.00
170.00
176.00
196.50

187.50
168.50
203.00
270.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B

-------------------------------------------------

manufacturing

-------------------------------------------------

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN

82

40.0 234.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS 8 ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

140
95

39.5 184.50
39.5 186.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------— --- ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

123
53
70

39.5 256.00
40.0 244.50
39.5 264.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

87
68

39.0 22,5.50
38.5 230.00

COMPUTER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------

65

39.5 335.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A

------------------

40.0
40.0
40.0

136.50
142.00

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI GN IS TS MANUF A C T U R I N G --- --- -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — --- -----------

337
98
239

40.0
40.0
40.0

134.00
139.50
132.00

39.5 294.50

168
97

40.0 225.00
40.0 224.00

DRAFTERS, CLASS B -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------PU BL IC UT ILITIES ---------------

273
158
115
35

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

101

40.0 151.50

206.00
205.50
206.50
253.50

163.50

103
83

67

DRAFTERS, CLASS A -------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

DRAFTERS. CLASS C --------------------

68

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----- ------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BUSINESS. CLASS R -------------------

SWITCHB07R0 OPERATORS, CLASS A —

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS b -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----- -----------

78 ! 39.5 174.00
62 | 39.5 176.50
___

____

NOTE:
Earnings data in table A - 3 relate only to workers whose sex identification w a s provided by the establishment,
to all w o rk er s in an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)




Earnings data in tables A-l and A-2, on the other hand, relate

Sex , occupation, and industry division

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S

-

Weakly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

WOMEN
$
205.00
40.0 157.50

KC. 1 AIL

1 KA U L

40.0 163.50
134.00
40.0 173.00
202.00
40.0

""

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B

79

-----------------------------------

40.0 135.50
40.0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of
workers

54

74
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 --------

119
58

v

LA j j

O

PU BLIC UTIL IT IE S
jt v K t lA K I L jt

LLAo j

74
64

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

40.0

$
135.50
127.00

39.0

120.00
119.00

*a
-----------------------------------

47

' 0 0 *37*00
40.0 270.00

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND T E CH NI CA L
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

v

40.0 157,00
40.0
1

40.0 239.50

l ’ J®

OiL

-- _

131
66

1C7 *
”0
7 0 0 169.00 CO MPUTER PR OG RAMMERS,
39.0 165.50
Dwb 1 ilL b b t v L A b b A
,_ _
. ._

85

40.0 232.00
40.0 220.00

176 50
40.0 189.50

53

40.0

jn

113

A

105.00

See footnotes at end of tables.

Earnings data in table A - 3 a relate only to workers wh os e sex
identification w a s provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A - l a and A-2a, on the other hand, relate to all workers in an
occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

194.00

40.0 306.50

NO NMANUF ACTU RI NG i
40

40.0

40.0 245.50

O l J 5, A
-.0.0 214.00

40.0 213.50
40.0 196.00
40.0 255.50

......




of
workers

OF FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WO M E N — C O N T I N U E D

182

40.0

r-

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

40.0 1 4.!>0
w t v n u 1 A K lC .^ 7

168.50
133.00
187.00
40.0 149.00
40.0 143.00

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$
40.0 179.50
165.00

40.0 178.50
40.0 190.00
40.0 201.50

' 01
‘
97

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WOMEN— CONT IN UE D

40.0 140.50
,

A verage
(m ea n *)

Average
(m ean *)

Average
(m ean *)
Number
of
worikers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly ea nings3

*
S
1)
i
f
$
$
%
S
S
%
$
T
$
9.00 4. lo 4.20 4.30 9.90 9.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.20 5.90 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0
and
under
*

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean *

Median2

Middle range 2

9.10 9.20 4.30 4.90 9.50 9.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.20 5.90 5.60

5 .9 0

S
S
*
6.20 6.40 6. do

6.00 6.20 6.40 6 . 8 0

7.20

S
7 .2 0

7.60

4

7 .6 0

d .

s.

d .o o

8.'

10 3.90

Ht

ALL WORKERS
BOILER TENDERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

143
133

$
4.93
4.90

$
4.91
4.91

$
$
4.49- 4.98
4.49- 4.91

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE --------

55

6.48

6.38

5.73- 6.67

1

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------

291
255

6.82
6.94

6.64
6.64

6.19- 7.08
6.26- 7.3o

13
5

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY ---------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

318
240
78

6.26
6.36
5.98

6.00
6.00
6.12

5.80- 6.61
6.00- 6.61
5.80- 6.1A

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ---------------

51
51

5.71
5.71

5.70
5.70

5.12- 6.38
5.12- 6.38

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING--- -----------

345
314

6.58
6.60

6.38
6.4A

6.00- 6.76
6.00- 6.9(1

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

650
73
577
975

7.05
6.86
7.07
7.09

7.34
6.85
7.40
7.40

6.776.697.007.20-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ---------------

682
630

6.38
6.33

6.04
6.02

5.55- 6.8n
5.55- 6.69

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

-

*

*

90
90

9
9

-

1
1

“
*

66
66

4
1

1

10
4

-

4

4

4

-

-

-

-

4

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

14

4

8

3

12

-

6

6

-

1
1

5
£

8
5

47
33

36
32

79
79

35
31

20
20

-

-

-

*

*

1
1

-

-

-

*

1
1

1
1

1
1

3
3

4
4

7.41
7.41
7.41
7.41
_

1
1

1
1

1
1

“

2
2

5
5

1
1

1
1

50
so

19

5

100
73
27

66
66
-

17

11
n

36
36

13

8
8

8
8

7
7

3
3

-

-

*

9
9
4
4

1
1

-

19
19

-

-

-

-

19

5

3
3

9
9

1
1

-

-

“

“

_

-

_
-

*

78
78

90
61

78
78

49
49

12
10

36

66
5
61
58

24
17
7
7

58
15
43
-

393
29
36“
*
326

-

•

36
36

•

157
157

48

49
49

-

1
1
1

*

11
11
11

-

-

*

36
36

21
3
18
-

61
61

61
61

99
99

22
22

94
94

48
44

81

6.32

6 .0 0

6.00- 6.69

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

4

-

42

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------MANUFACTURING ------------- —

133
133

6.49
6.49

6.10
6.10

5.86- 6.96
5.86- 6.96

_

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

_

-

-

_

S
5

5
5

7
7

29
29

22
22




4
4

13
13

PIPEFITTERS. MAINTENANCE -------

See footnotes at end of tables.

4

-

2
2
36
7

28
4
4

-

7

-

-

13
13

21
21

4

12
12

10
10

4

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
5
$
1 ---- %
S
%
i
*
S
S
S
4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5. 80 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0

Hourly earnings3

1 ---- i —

%

Occupation and industry division
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

1 ---- t

and
under
4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60

ALL WORKERS
ELECTRICIANS. MAIN TE NA NC E
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------

20 0
191

$
7.17
7.23

$
6.78
7.02

$
$
6.61- 7.46
6.64- 7.4P

MACHINISTS. MA IN TE NA NC E
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------

159
156

7.07
7.07

6.90
6.9o

165
1A3

7.13
7.21

7.41
7.41

6.70- 7.45
7.09- 7.57

MECHANICS. MA IN TE NA NC E
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --- ---

311
311

6.96
6.96

6.64
6.64

6.59- 7.3?
6.59- 7.30

5.80

6 .

00

6.64- 7.10
6.64- 7.10

MECHANICS. AU TO MO TI VC
(MAINTENANCE) -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

I
S
i
S
$
$
6.40 6.80 7.20 7«o0 8.00 8.40

1
1

5
2

6 .2 0

6.40 - -s a -L±2Q--Z.6Q.. 8.00 8.40 8.80
ft .g

*

-

47
47

12
10

-

_

*

*

21
21

•

1
1
1
1

5
5

1
1

1
1

1
1

*

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

*

23
23

58
56

36
36

*

1
1

3
3

.

-

16
15

8
5

3
3

2

79
79

31
31

20

1
1

1
1

6
6

2
1

68
68

49
49

5
2

22
22

19
2

_

1
1

*

_

2
2

-

-

44
44

5

_

157
157

-

20

_
~

75
75

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1975
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
I
S
I
4
1
4
$
%
4
4
4
4
4
S
$
%
4
4
---------- T
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 1.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4. 00 4.20 4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7 .00 7.40

Hourly earnings3

i

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean 2

Median 3

Middle range 2

and

under
2.20 2 . 3 0 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20
ALL WO RK ER S

3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4. 2 9

$

$

$

-----------------------------------------

2,291

2.54

2.45

2.35- 2.55

-

-

794

429

642

105

182

16

37

10

17

2

NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

2.233

2 150

2^45

2.35- 2^55

-

-

794

429

642

105

182

16

30

9

3

2

JANITORS, PORTERS. AND C L EA NE RS ------MA NU FACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------ --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------

1,659
433
1,226
165
270

3.79
4.25
3.63
4.32
3.39

3.64
4.48
3.64
4.31
3.56

3.443.463.443.993.10-

4.27
4.71
3.78
4.31
3.56

9
9

1
1
-

12
2
10

14
1
13

4
1
3

22

-

37
1
36

27
16
11

122
42
80

306
35
271

511
16
495

-

-

-

4

11

53
20
33
5
16

33

129

LABORERS, MATERIAL HA ND L I N G ------------------MA NU FACTURING ------- -- --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- -- ---------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----------------------------------

829
433
396
175

5.67
5.57
5.79
6.24

5.89
4.49
6.02
6.70

4.494.495.335.74-

6.76
7.57
6.45
6.76

•

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

10
7
3

5
4
1

16
11
5
1

13
11
2
2

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G ----------------------------------- —
RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,130
204
926
190

5.37
4.69
5.51
5.99

5.61
5.05
5.70
6.65

4.723.484.725.86-

6.02
5.61
6.65
6.67

-

-

-

11
11

21
21

3

5

•

.

-

-

*

*

3
3

5
5

7
6
1
1

12
4
8
8

GUARDS AND WATC HM EN

* W o r k e r s we r e at $7.40 to $7.80.




4.60 5,00 5,40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7 .40 over

$

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

*

13

3
3
1
2

-

22
22

_
•

21
11
10
10

1

11

1

11
197
76
121
91
12

121
108
13
9
4

78
53
25
23

26
24
2

4

101
20
81
37
9

16
6
10

7
5
2
2

11
8
3
2

45

153
150
3
1

61

24

64

61

24
18

64
26

33
9
24

2
2

285
35
250

258
60
198

*

*

21
7
14
14

-

4
2
2

10
44

1
1
1
1

40

-

40

“

25
25

”

1
1

5
2
3

-

“

4

6

6
4

-

d

-

-

n o

52
20
32
32

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

-

-

12
98
159
30
129
15

125
30
95
90
244

_
*

244
134

N u m b e r of wo rk er s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of--

rtourly ean ings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
ot
workers

4
*
5
$
S
s
l
"5S
3
1
$
i
•
i
s
S
T ---- 1 ---- I
*
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.90 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.90 3.60 3.80 9.00 9.20 9.6C 5.00 5.90 5 .80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.90
M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

2.20 2.30 2.90 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.90 3.60 3.80 9.00 9.20 9.60 5.00 5.90 5.80 6 .20 6.60 7.00 7.30 over
/'LL W O R K E R S —
C O NT IN UE D
PACKERS, S H IP PI NG -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

379
293

R E CE IV IN G CL E R K S ---------------

201
70
131

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

$
9.23
3.97

$
9.19
3.90

$
$
3.80- 9.7?
3.56- 9.20

5.39

5.68

9.90- 5.88

5.92

5.69

-

-

-

-

-

.

5.06- 5.88

*

“

*

*

-

11
11

91
91

33
33

100
58

7
-

37
-

-

-

9

s

1

31

29

92

69

?

7

1

4

“

15

7

33

39

?.

7

8
8

27
27

30
30

18
18

66
66

12

1
1

1

1

2

12

*

1

l<79

ro

S H IP PI NG AN O R E C E I V I N G C L ER KS
93

-

-

-

“

*

L6

^..70
0*0

TR U C K O R I V E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

3,663
769
2,899

6.62
6.77
6.58

6.76
6.70
6.76

6.55- 7.0?
6.59- 7.57
6.55- 6.85

-

-

.
-

_
-

9
9

.
-

-

11
•
11

25
2
23

9
3
6

11
2
9

3
3
-

5
5
-

-

i

19
7
7

191
33
103

37
15
22

152
12
190

57
.
57

R E TA IL TRADE --- ----------

338

6.13

6.08

5.55- 7.09

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

6

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

117

35

20

29

116

-

T R U C KO RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------M C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

219
199

9.b8
9.56

9.72
9.72

9.32- 5.27
9.32- 5.08

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

11
11

29
23

a
6

•
-

-

-

-

-

7
7

95
93

15
10

25
21

9
A

i
-

15
15

-

-

1,017
226
791

6.91
6.38
O. i

6.55
6.70

6.93- 6.7b
6.70- 6,7(1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

1
1

1
1

11
2

3
3

5
5

i
i

6
6

17
10

12
-

127
8

53
«

327
1?

285
138

168
36

_

6.81

6.78- 6.85
16

*

•

“

*

*

-

10
1C
.

”

-

1
-

*

-

299
299

-

-

_

-

-

1

-

1
1

-

39
39

15
15

7
7
“

*

“
“

TR UC KO RI VE RS , ME D I U M (1-1/2 TO
AND INCL UD IN G 4 TONS) ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------TR UC KO RI VE RS , HEAVY

i

726 19o6
192
199
526 1316

796 209
126 *209
670

(OVER A TONS,
6.87
" *
605

TR UC KO RI VE RS , HEAVY

6*00

285
265

6.71
6.73

6.76
6.76

6.72- 6.7h
6.72- 6.76

"

*

*

*

980

5.61

5.37

9.99- 6.76

-

-

-

.

(OVER A TONS,
f

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S --------TRUCKERS, POWER

(FORKLIFT)

-

* “
•1

-

"7
• 6

•0

TRUCKERS, POWER

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

90
5*
36
16

28
28

206
179

235
235
*

133
93

92
6
36

39
38
1

63
63

20
18

"
•

96
.
46
33

81
66
15
6

19
3

.1

•

.

239
6

(OTHER THAN

WA RE HO U S E M E N -------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------

795
227

5.66
9.93

5.95
9.73

9.66- 6.72
9.65- 5.99
5.23- 7.02

* W o r k e r s w e r e at $7.40 to $7.80.




10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

9
4

4
2
g

9
9

2
1

69
9
60

77
19
58
9

108
108

6
6

19
u
-

299
299

33
5
28
28

2
2
-

Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

Number
o
f
workers

Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings
4
------ 1---- -i---- 4
s
S
4
t
4
4
4
$
$
*
i
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3 . A0 3 .60 3 .80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60 A . 60
Un de r
,
%
and
2.50 under
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3 .80 A .00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60 A . 80 5.00

of—
4
4
1 ---- 4
4
4
5.00 5.20 5. A0 5 .80 6.cU 6,60

--7.00

5.20 5 . A0 5.80 6 til. 6.60 7.00 over

ALL WORKERS
GUARDS AND WATC HM EN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

69
52

S
A.A2
A.A6

$
4.67
A . 67

1.50- I. 6B
3.50- A . 68

*

JANITORS* PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

61A
2A6
J66

3.96
A . 11
3.85

3.81
3.95
3.81

3.A1- A . 3)
3.37- A . 72
3.56- A . 31

4
A

h a n d l i n g -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

155
59
96
65

A . 96
a .o a
5.53
5.52

5.33
3.75
5.65
5.7A

3.803.295.265.33-

5.7A
A .1A
5.7A
5. 7 a

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------

355
31^

6.10
G.3'

6.65
C.67

5.72- 6.67

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG --------------------

15A

A . 05

A . 19

3.A7- A . 69

-

1

-

5

RECEIVING CL ER KS ---------------------

51

5.26

5.32

A . 67- 6.08

-

-

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS --------------------------

398

6.5A
6*79

6.76
C .90

6. A8— 7.09
o.7G
7.0?

-

-

-

-

-

79

5.36

5.58

A . 76- 6.08

*

TRUCKERS, POWER (Fu h KLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

410
261

6.89
5.39

5.58
5.29

5.26- 6.76
5.26- 5* bp

_

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------MONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

99
59

A . 82
5.26

A . 66
5.32

A.Ad- 5.32
5.23- 5.65

laborers, material

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------TRUCKORIVERS,

HEAVY

-

“

A
2

2
1

16
1A

2
“

A
2

1
*

3
-

-

-

-

-

25
25

_
-

-

-

2
2

.
-

6
6

A

-

6
6

5
5
-

15
11
4

23
20
3

73
33
A0

155
35
120

10
9
1

56
12
AA

9
9

109
10
99

21
17
A

36
37
1

19
15
4

27
10
17

AC
3a
6

-

-

-

-

“
-

2
2
-

5
5
-

A
4
“

12
11
1
1

7
5
2
2

7
5
2
2

11
8
3
2

7
6
1
1

2
2
-

1
i
1

_
-

i
i
-

_
_
_

2A
2A
18

A2
A?
26

12
12
-

-

-

1
1
-

1

2

-

2

2

1
1

-

7
1

12
8

6

2

1

-

-

-

-

3

16
14
“

39

In

-

6

6

15

12

18

8

37

1

-

30

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

2

-

2

1

5

1

-

A

5

1

9

7

b

2

2

3

3

5

1

2

b

2

6

-

7

15

37

22

120 *166

-

4

2

2

-

-

-

-

17
17
12

_
-

24A
tAA

-

7

-

7
“

“

.

-

.

“

1

1

~

1
1

3

4

3

5

1

1
1

2

“

30
30

2

4

2

3

-

7

10

37

1

-

i
i

15
15

122
122

65
65

20

-

£0
19

12
6

16

27
27

6
6

14
1A

(OVER A TONS,

* W o r k e r s we r e at $7 to $7.40.
See footnotes at end of tables.




*

_

_
*

“

4
2

A

2
1

1

6
3

121

22
7

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
workers, by sex, in Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(
mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

M A I N T E N A N C E ANO PO WE RP LA NT
OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

CUST OD IA L ANO MATE RI AL MOVtMENT
O C CU PA TI ON S - ME M — CONT IN UE D
1A3

4*93 JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS ---

1,214

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

BO IL ER T E ND ER S -----------------------

811

6. A8

255

_

5J

A verage
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUST OD IA L AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN— C O NT IN UE D
$
3.82 TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
3.60

TR UC KDRIVERS, MEDIUM

5.62
5.82

TR UCKORIVERS, HEAVY

(1-1/2 TO

$

6 32
6,94

^2!
6«41
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

423

M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1,046
159

5*23

(OVER 4 TONS,

' 78
11C U ‘

6.60

331
260

A . 25
4.03

6S0
73
577

7 . OS
6.86
7.07

183
66
117

5.54
5.30
5.67

6.38
6.33

148
78
70

5.69 TRUCKEPS, POWER
5.57
5.83

81

AU TO MO TI VE

5.71

682
630

ME CH AN IC S,

SI

313

MA CH IN E - T O O L OP ER AT OR S, TO OLROOM —

6.32

137
93

5.94
6.09

3,653

6.62

6.80

SHIPPING CL ER KS ----------------------

6.S0
6. 71
6.73
5.61

(OTHER THAN
5.30

t 49

133

6.49

C U ST OD IA L AND M A TE RI AL MOVEMENT
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

RE TA IL TRADE -------------------- SR
*
f-2?
2,110

2 "0

TR UC KO RI VE PS , LIGHT

^ nol
1 *CO 3
338

5.75
CUST OD IA L AND MA TERIAL MOVE ME NT
OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

6 7^
6.13 JANITORS, PORTERS,

(UNDER
" 04
‘
192

' 'u
4.55

See footnotes at end of tables.




Earnings data in table A- 6 relate only to workers wh o s e sex
identification was provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A - 4 and A - 5, on the other hand, relate to all workers in an
occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

AND CLEA NE RS ---

445

3.73
4.22




Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex—large
establishments in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1975
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

woikers

A verage
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

CU ST OD IA L AND MA TERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MA IN TE NA NC E AND PO WE RP LA NT
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

$

$
6. 18
6. 42

ELECTRICIANS* MA IN TE NA NC E

353

6.79

TRUCKORIVERS* ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO

MECHANICS* AU TO MO TI VE

5.36
143

7.21
TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY (OVER A TONS*

MECHANICS* M A I N TE NA NC E —
7*03
custodial

ano

material

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------

movement

O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN
52
JANITORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEA NE RS

--------

5.89
5.39
6.70

SB

5.26

99

4.02

4.46

515

414
257
157

3.94
4 . OB

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

--------------------- -—

-----------

CUST OD IA L AND MA TERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPA TI ON S - WOMEN
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG — -------------- -—

----------

96

5.53

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS

See footnotes at end of tables.

Earnings data in table A - 6 a relate only to workers whose sex
identification w a s provided by the establishment. Earnings data in
tables A- 4 a and A-5a, on the other hand, relate to all workers in
an occupation. (See appendix A for publication criteria.)

-------

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., for selected periods
Industrial and occupational
group

M a y 1972
to
M a y 1973

M a y 1973
to
M a y 1974

M a y 1974
to
M a y 1975

All industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n ) _________________
Electronic data processing (m en and w o m e n ) _____
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n ) ______________
Skilled maintenance trades ( men)________________
Unskilled plant workers (men)___________________

5.4
*
4.6
7.0
7.2

9.0
*
4.3
7.3
7.9

10.3
10.4
**
10.6
11.0

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (m en and w o m e n )
__ _
Electronic data processing (m en and w o m e n ) _____
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n ) ______________
Skilled maintenance trades (men)
Unskilled plant workers ( men)___________________

4.7
*
3.5
4.7
5.9

8.0
*
4.2
7.8
9.3

10.8
**
**
11.3
11.1

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical (m en and w o m e n ) _________________
Electronic data processing (men and w o m e n ) _____
Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n ) ______________
Skilled maintenance trades ( m e n ) ______ _
Unskilled plant workers (men)___________________

5.6
*
**
**
8.2

9.3
>
!
<

10.0
**
**
**
10.7

**
6.7

*
Data not available.
** Data do not me e t publication criteria.

N O T E : The percent increases presented in this table are based on changes in average
hourly earnings for establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous
year (matched establishments). Th e y are not affected by changes in average earnings
resulting fr om employment shifts a m o n g establishments or turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Th e percent increases, however, are still affected by factors
other than wa ge increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover m a y affect an establishment
average for an occupation wh e n workers are paid under plans providing a range of wa ge rates
for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, n e w employees enter at the
bottom of the-range, depressing the average without a change in wa g e rates.
These wa g e trends are not linked to the wa ge indexes previously published for this
area because the wage indexes m e a s u r e d changes in area averages whereas these wa g e trends
m e a s u r e changes in matched establishment averages. Other characteristics of these wage
trends which differ fr o m the discontinued indexes include (1) earnings data of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses are converted to an hourly basis, (2) trend estimates are
provided for nonmanufacturing establishments where possible, and (3) trend estimates are
provided for electronic data processing jobs.
For a m o r e detailed description of the me th od used to compute these w a g e trends, see
"Improving Ar ea W a g e Survey Indexes," Monthly Labor R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k
to these weekly hours.
2 T h e m e a n is co mputed for each job
and half receive less than the rate shown.
3 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime




for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. T h e me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
T h e middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
and for wo rk on weekends, holidays, and' late shifts.




Appendix A
A r e a wa g e and related benefits data are obtained by personal visits of Bu r e a u field represent­
atives at 3-year intervals. 1 In each of the intervening years, information on empl oy me nt and
occupational earnings is collected by a combination of personal visit; mail questionnaire, and telephone
interview f r o m establishments participating in the previous survey.
In each of the 82 2 areas currently surveyed, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded f r o m these studies are government operations and the construction and
extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed n u m b e r of workers are omitted
because of insufficient e m p l o y m e n t in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided for
each of the broad industry divisions which m e e t publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. Th e sampling procedures involve detailed
stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and n u m b e r
of employees. F r o m this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment
having a predetermined chance of selection. T o obtain o p t i m u m accuracy at m i n i m u m cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. W h e n data are combined, each establishment
is weighted according to its probability of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For
example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of four to represent itself
plus three others. A n alternate of the s a m e original probability is chosen in the s a m e industry-siz<
classification if data are not available for the original sample m e m b e r . If no suitable substitute is
available, additional weight is assigned to a sample m e m b e r that is similar to the missing unit.
Occupations and Earnings
Occupations selected for study are c o m m o n to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing
industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material mo ve me nt . Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the s a m e job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for s o m e of the occupations listed and described, or for s o m e industry divisions within
occupations, are not presented in the A-series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data. Separate me n' s and w o m e n ' s earnings data are not presented wh e n the
n u m b e r of wo rk er s not identified by sex is 20 percent or m o r e of the m e n or w o m e n identified in an
occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all industries
co mbined data, wh e r e shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification wh e n a sub­
classification of electronics technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information to
subclassify is not available.
Occupational e m p l o y m e n t and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired
to w o r k a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances
and incentive bonuses are ijicluded. W e e k l y hours for office clerical and professional and technical
occupations refer to the standard w o r k w e e k (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates).
Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys m e a s u r e the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time.
C o mp ar is on s of individual occupational averages over time m a y not reflect expected wa g e changes.
T h e averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. Fo r
example, proportions of w o rk er s e m pl oy ed by high- or low-wage firms m a y change, or high-wage
wo rk er s m a y advance to better jobs and be replaced by n e w workers at lower rates. Such shifts in
em pl o y m e n t could decrease an occupational average even though mo st establishments in an area
increase w a g e s during the year. Tr en ds in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7,
are better indicators of w a g e trends than individual jobs within the groups.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ
in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay
averages m a y fail to reflect accurately the wa ge differential a m o n g jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for m e n and w o m e n in selected occupations should not be a s s u m e d to
reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which m a y contribute
to differences include progression within established rate ranges, since only the rates paid incumbents
are collected, and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job
descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are m o r e generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for mi n o r differences a m o n g establishments in specific
duties performed.
Occupational e m p l o y m e n t estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope
of the study and not the n u m b e r actually surveyed. Because occupational structures a m o n g establish­
me n t s differ, estimates of occupational e m pl oy me nt obtained f r o m the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.
W a g e trends for selected occupational groups
Th e
Annual rates
span between
increased at

percents of change in table A- 7 relate to w a g e changes between the indicated dates.
of increase, wh e r e shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months wh e n the time
surveys w a s other than 12 months. Annual rates are based on the assumption that wages
a constant rate between surveys.

Occupations used to compute w a g e trends are:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n ) :
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerk8, payroll
Keyp un ch operators, classes A and B
Me ss en ge rs
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A ana B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Electronic data processing
(m en and w o m e n ) :
C o m p u t e r operators, classes A, B, and C
C o m p u t e r p r o g r a m m e r s , classes A, B,
and C '

Electronic data processing (men
and w o m e n j Continued
—
C o m p u t e r systems analysts, classes A,
B, and C
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n ) :
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die m a k e r s
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Percent changes for individual areas in the p r o g r a m are co mputed as follows:
1. E a c h occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate em pl oy me nt in the selected
group of occupations in the base year.
2. These weights are used to compute group averages. E a c h occupation's average (mean)
earnings is multiplied by its weight. T h e products are totaled to obtain a group average.
3. T h e ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is co mputed by dividing the average
for the current year by the average for the earlier year. Th e results— expressed as a percent— less 100
is the percent change.
Establishment practices and supplementary wa g e provisions

1 Personal visits were on a 2-y e a r c y c le before July 1972.
2 Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, *l ex. ; Binghamton,
N. Y . —P a .; Birmingham, A l a .; Fort Lauderdale—H ollyw ood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington—Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—T itu s v ille C ocoa , F la .; N orfolk—V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkfeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y . ; R aleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N. Y . ; and W estchester County, N. Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70
areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wa g e provisions (B-series
tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these, tabulations is collected at 3-year
intervals.1 These tabulations on m i n i m u m entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift
differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Portland, Oreg.—W ash.,1May 1975

Industry division 2
3

Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Wo rk er s in establishments

N u m b e r of establishments

Within scope of study45
7
6
Within scope
of study *

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

All establishments

_

933

200

173,487

100

88, 908

50

339
594

72
128

70, 892
102, 595

41
59

39, 681
49, 227

50
50
50

71
135
178

24
24
36

19, 984
15, 590
34, 399

1
1
20

12, 945
4, 101
18, 693

50
50

All divisions_____________________________

87
123

16
28

17, 066
15, 556

1
0
9

8, 346
5, 142

Transportation, communication,

Finance, insurance, and

Large establishments

9

'
48

43

68, 138

100

63, 726

500

24
24

2
1
2
2

33,247
34, 891

49
51

31, 255
32,471

500
500
500

1
1
1

9

8
1
1
0

11,242
648
16, 871

16
25

10, 242
648
15,451

500
500

2
1

2
1

5,600
530

All divisions_____________________________

Transportation, communication,

Finance, insurance, and
Services 6 7 ________________________________

1

8
1

5,600
530

1 The Portland Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of M a n a g e m e n t and Budget through Fe bruary 1974, consists
of Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington Counties, Oreg.; and Clark County, Wa sh . The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this
table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended,
however, for comparison with other em pl o y m e n t indexes to m e a s u r e em pl oy me nt trends or levels since (1) planning of w a g e surveys requires
establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded f r o m the scope of
the survey.
2 Th e 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual wa s used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total e m p l oy me nt at or above the m i n i m u m limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in industries
such as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total e m p l oy me nt (within the area) at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w e r e excluded. Portland's
transit system is publicly owned and is excluded by definition fr om the scope of the study.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the A-series tables. Separate presentation of data
is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the following reasons: (1) E m p l o y m e n t is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample
w a s not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response w a s insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures;
nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
Th e primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers w h o are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different wo r k arrangements fr o m establishment to establishment and
f r o m area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wa ge rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparabilivy of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m a y differ significantly fr o m those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, M A C H I N E

CLERKS, AC C O U N T I N G

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic
typewriter. M a y also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work
incidental to billing operations. F o r wa g e study purposes, billers, machine, are classified by type of
machine, as follows:

Perf or ms one or m o r e accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy
of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or
assisting in preparing m o r e complicated journal vouchers. M a y wo r k in either a manual or automated
accounting system.

Biller, ma ch in e (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and
adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices fr o m customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping m e m o r a n d u m s , etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and
shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which m a y or m a y not be computed on the billing
machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a
large n u m b e r of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Billerf ma ch in e (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a
typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. Th e machine
automatically accumulates figures on a n u m b e r of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W o r k s from
uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OP ERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of
business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping
principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. M a y
prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B . Keeps a record of one or m o r e phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller, machine), cost
distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. M a y check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.




Listed
stereotypes:

below

are

revised

occupational

Th e w o r k requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which
relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With
experience, the wo rk er typically b e c o m e s familiar with the bookkeeping and accountihg te rm s and
procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles
of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Glass A. Un de r general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require
the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or
nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting a m o n g a substantial variety of prescribed accounting
codes and classifications, or tracing transactions though previous accounting actions to determine
source of discrepancies. M a y be assisted by one or m o r e class B accounting clerks.
Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures,
performs one or m o r e routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or
worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking
accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding
documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CL ER K, FILE
Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. M a y perform
clerical and m a nu al tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis
of the following definitions.
Class A . Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical
documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a n u m b e r of varied subject matter files.
M a y also file this material. M a y keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. M a y
lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

titles

introduced

this

year

to

eliminate

Revised title

F o r m e r title

Drafter
Drafter-tracer
Boiler tender

Draftsman
Draftsman-tracer
Fireman, stationary boile r

sex

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontin ue d
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings
or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. M a y perform
related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . Pe rf o r m s routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is
easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or
numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and m a y
fill out withdrawal charge. M a y pe rf or m simple clerical and ma nu al tasks required to maintain and
service files.
CLERK, OR DE R
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to m a k e up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet;
and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. M a y check with credit department
to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders f r o m customers, follow up
orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices
with original orders.
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
C o mp ut es wa ge s of c o m p a n y employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll sheets.
Duties involve: Calculating workers* earnings based on time or production records; and posting
calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's na me , wbrking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. M a y m a k e out paychecks and assist paymaster
in making up and distributing pay envelopes. M a y use a calculating machine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on tabulating
cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . W o r k requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures
to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be keypunched fr o m a
variety of source documents. O n occasion m a y also perform s o m e routine keypunch work. M a y train
inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . W o r k is routine and repetitive. Un de r close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works f r o m various standardized source documents which have been coded,
and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting,
coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor problems arising fr o m erroneous
items or codes or missing information.
MESSENGER

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics.
positions which are excluded fr o m the definition are as follows:

E x a m p l e s of

a.

Positions which do not me et the "personal" secretary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers
managerial persons;

serving as

office assistants

to a group of professional, technical, or

d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m o r e
stantially m o r e complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

routine or sub­

e. Assistant type positions which involve m o r e difficult or m o r e responsible technical,
administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial
work.
N O T E : The t e r m "corporate officer," used in the level definitions following, refers to those
officials w h o have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to ma j o r c o m p a n y
activities.
The title "vicepresident," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents wh os e pr im ar y responsibility is to act personally on individual
cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual
trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate officers" for
purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all,
over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a ma j o r segment
or subsidiary of a co mp an y that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a c o m p a n y that employs,
fewer than 100 persons; or

in all,

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a
c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a ma jo r corporate­
wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a m a j o r division) of a c o m p a n y
that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 e m p l o y e e s ; or

Pe rf o r m s various routine duties such as running errands, operating mi n o r office machines
such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other m i n o r clerical work. Exclude
positions that require operation of a mo to r vehicle as a significant duty.

4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or

SECRETARY

5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
m a n a g e m e n t supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as m a n y as several hundred
persons) or a c o mp an y that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day wo r k of the supervisor. W o r k s fairly independently
receiving a m i n i m u m of detailed supervision and guidance. P e r f o r m s varied clerical and secretarial
duties, usually including m o s t of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine inquires,
and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and m a k e s appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays m e s s a g e s fr o m supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m e m o r a n d u m s , and reports prepared by others for the super­
visor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f
.

Perf or ms stenographic and typing work.

M a y also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs,
and procedures related to the wo r k of the supervisor.




Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person wh o s e responsibility is not equivalent to
one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but wh os e organizational unit
normally n u mb er s at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In s o m e companies, this level includes a wide range of
organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; 0£
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.
Class D
1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative
officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (N O T E :
M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. M a y also
type f r o m written copy. M a y operate f r o m a stenographic pool. M a y occasionally transcribe fr om
voice recordings (if pr im ar y duty is transcribing fr o m recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Operator,
General).

Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, interpreter,
sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded f r o m this definition are working supervisors. Also excluded
are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they m a y also operate E A M equipment.

N O T E : This job is distinguished f r o m that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works
in a confidential relationship with only one m a n a g e r or executive and performs m o r e responsible and
discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.

Class A. P e rf or ms complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising difficult
control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a variety of long and
complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring s o m e planning of the nature and
sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines. Is typically involved in training ne w
operators in machine operations or training lower level operators in wiring fr om diagrams and in
the operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring
responsibility is limited to selection and insertion of prewired boards.

Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a no r m a l routine vocabulary.
or pe rf or m other relatively routine clerical tasks.

M a y maintain files, keep

simple records,

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research. M a y also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
P e rf or ms stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility
than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: W o r k requires a high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and of
the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup
files; assembling material for reports, m e m o r a n d u m s , and letters; composing simple letters fr om
general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P e r f o r m s full telephone information service or handles complex
calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone
information service occurs w h e n the establishment has varied functions that are not readily
understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. M a y handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. M a y
pe rf or m limited telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone information purposes,
or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension nu mb er s when specific n a m e s are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies w h o assist
customers in placing calls.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Class B . Pe rf o r m s w o r k according to established procedures and under specific instructions.
Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts of larger and m o r e
complex reports. Operates m o r e difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines used by class C operators. M a y be
required to do s o m e wiring fr o m diagrams. M a y train n e w employees in basic machine operations.
Class C . Un d e r specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments typically
involve portions of a w o r k unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or repetitive
operations. M a y pe rf or m simple wiring fr o m diagrams, and do s o m e filing work.
TRANSCRIBING?-MACHINE O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty is to transcribe dictation involving a no rm al routine vocabulary fr o m transcribing-machine records. M a y also type f r o m written copy and do simple clerical work. Wo rk er s
transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or
reports on scientific research are not included. A wo rk er w h o takes dictation in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to m a k e copies of various materials or to m a k e out bills after calculations
have been m a d e by another person. M a y include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for
use in duplicating processes. M a y do clerical w o r k involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: Typing material in final fo rm w h e n it
involves combining material fr om several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication,
punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. M a y type routine
f o r m letters, varying details to suit circumstances.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switchboard,
acts as receptionist and m a y also type or pe rf or m routine clerical wo r k as part of regular duties. This
typing or clerical w o r k m a y take the ma j o r part of this worker's time while at switchboard.

Class B . Pe rf o r m s one or m e re of the following: Co py typing fr o m rough or clear drafts;
or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or
copying m o r e complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data cccording to
operating instructions, usually prepared by a p r og ra mm er . W o r k includes mo s t of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts and
operates computer; m a k e s adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and me et special
conditions; reviews errors m a d e during operation and determines cause or refers problem to
supervisor or p r o g r a m m e r ; and maintains operating records. M a y test and assist in correcting
program.

Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t of the following characteristics: Mo st of the p r o g r a m s are established production
runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing of n e w prog ra ms
required; alternate p r o g r a m s are provided in case original p r o g r a m needs major change or cannot be
corrected within a reasonably time. In c o m m o n error situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective
action. This usually involves applying previously p r o g r a m m e d corrective steps, or using standard
correction techniques.
OR

Fo r wa g e study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
pr og r a m s with m o s t of the following characteristics: N e w p r og ra ms are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime; the p r og ra ms
are of complex design so that identification of error source often requires a working knowledge of the
total program, and alternate p r o g r a m s m a y not be available. M a y give direction and guidance 'o
lower level operators.




Operates under direct supervision a computer running p r o g r a m s or segments of prog ra ms
with the characteristics described for class A. M a y assist a higher level operator by independently
performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions
and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class G . W o r k s on routine p r o g r a m s under close supervision. Is expected to develop working
knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in running routine
programs. Usually has received s o m e formal training in computer operation. M a y assist higher level
operator on co mp le x programs.

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a
sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing
equipment. Working fr o m charts or diagrams, the p r o g r a m m e r develops the precise instructions which,
wh e n entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve
desired results. W o r k involves mo s t of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities,
mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts
and diagrams of the problem to be p r o g r a m m e d ; develops sequence of p r o g r a m steps; writes detailed
flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions
for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel
during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters pr og r a m s to increase operating efficiency or
adapt to n e w requirements; maintains records of p r o g r a m development and revisions. ( N OT E: W o rk er s
performing both systems analysis and p r o g r a m m i n g should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees primarily responsible for the m a n a g e m e n t or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or p r o g r a m m e r s primarily concerned with scientific and/or
engineering problems.
For wa ge study purposes, p r o g r a m m e r s are classified as follows:
Class A . W o r k s independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of p r o g r a m m i n g concepts and practices. Working fr om diagrams
and charts which identify the nature of desired results, ma jo r processing steps to be accomplished,
and the relationships between various steps of the pr ob le m solving routine; plans the full range
of p r og ra mm in g actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired
end products.
At this level, p r o g r a m m i n g is difficult because computer equipment mu st be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products fr o m n u m e r o u s and diverse data elements. A wide
variety and extensive n u m b e r of internal processing actions mu s t occur. This requires such actions as
development of c o m m o n operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between
operations, adjustments to data wh e n p r o g r a m requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to fo rm a highly integrated program.
May

provide functional direction to lower level p r o g r a m m e r s

Class A . W o r k s independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving
all phases of system analysis. Pr oblems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and
multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling,
inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is
automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated
by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and
advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of n e w or revised systems of data processing
operations. M a k e s recommendations, if needed, for approval of ma jo r systems installations or changes
and for obtaining equipment.
M a y provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts w h o are assigned to assist.
Class B . W o r k s independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively
uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Pr ob l e m s are of limited complexity because
sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops
systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail
establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.)
Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied.
OR
W o r k s .on a segment of a complex data processing s c h e m e or system, as described for class A.
W o r k s independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex
assignments. W o r k is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure
proper alignment with the overall system.
Class C . W o r k s under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the
application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. Fo r example, m a y assist a
higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by p r o g r a m m e r s fr om
information developed by the higher level analyst.

w h o are assigned to assist.

Class B . W o r k s independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs,
or on simple segments of complex programs. P r o g r a m s (or segments) usually process information to
produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats.
Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions fr o m input data which are
readily available. While n u m e r o u s records m a y be processed, the data have been refined in prior
actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the p r o g r a m deals with routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
W o r k s on complex p r og ra ms (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level p r o g r a m m e r or supervisor. M a y assist higher level p r o g r a m m e r by independently performing
less difficult tasks assigned, and performing m o r e difficult tasks under fairly close direction.
M a y guide or instruct lower level pr og ra m m e r s .
Class C . M a k e s practical applications of p r o g r a m m i n g practices and concepts usually learned
in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of
standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on n e w aspects of assignments;
and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving t h e m by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
p r o g r a m m e r s to prepare required digital computer programs. W o r k involves mo st of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to
achieve satisfactory results; specifies n u m b e r and types of records, files, and documents to be used;
outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to
m a n a g e m e n t and for p r o g r a m m i n g (typically this involves preparation of wo r k and data flow charts);
coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of n e w and revised systems;
and r e c o m m e n d s equipment changes to obtain m o r e effective overall operations. (N OT E: W o rk er s
performing both systems analysis and p r o g r a m m i n g should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees primarily responsible for the m a n a g e m e n t or supervision of other
electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or
engineering problems.




For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:

DRAFTER
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features
that differ significantly fr om established drafting precedents. W o r k s in close support with the design
originator, and m a y r e c o m m e n d minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. W o r k s with a
m i n i m u m of supervisory assistance. Completed w o r k is reviewed by design originator for consistency
with prior engineering determinations. M a y either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B . Pe rforms nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application
of mo s t of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such w o r k as:
Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise
positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a
building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Us es accepted
formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be
used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and
advice fr om supervisor. Completed wo r k is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isometric projections
(depicting three.dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning cf components
and convey needed information. Consolidates details fr o m a n u m b e r of sources and adjusts or
transposes scale as required. Suggested me th od s of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete wh e n assignments
recur. W o r k m a y be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTER-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings
and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of
straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
during progress.

W o r k is closely supervised

W o r k s on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a
combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying,
constructing, and testing. W o r k requires practiced, application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition.

Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those
that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers' manuals or similar
documents) in working on electronic equipment. W o r k involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining wo r k sequence and in selecting tools and testing
instruments, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician.

T h e equipment— consisting of either m a n y different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of
the s a m e kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting
and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b)
digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.

Receives technical guidance, as required, f r o m supervisor or higher level technician, and
w o r k is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and w o r k assignments. M a y provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.

This classification excludes repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as c o m m o n office
machines and household radio and television sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose
pr im ar y duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians w h o have administrative or
supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers.

Class C . Applies working technical knowledge to pe rf or m simple or routine tasks in working
on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. W o r k
typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment;
and using tools and c o m m o n test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers,
oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge,
however, m a y be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom
training) so that wo r k e r can advance to higher level technician.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e.,
those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers' manuals or similar
documents) in working on electronic equipment. Ex amples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electro-magnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering
changes. W o r k involves: A detailed understanding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising
independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wa v e forms,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments' (e.g., dual trace
oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators).
W o r k m a y be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general
compliance with accepted practices. M a y provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.

Receives technical guidance, as required, fr o m supervisor or higher level technician. W o r k
is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review w h e n n e w or advanced assignments are involved.
N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L (Registered)
A registered nurse w h o gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured
employees or other persons w h o b e c o m e ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients treated;
preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out p r og ra ms involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health,
welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing
m o r e than one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
BOILER T E N D E R

E N G I N E E R , S T A T I O N A R Y — Continued

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. M a y clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. M a y also supervise these operations. He a d or
chief engineers in establishments employing m o r e than one engineer are excluded.

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAIN TE NA NC E TRADES

Pe rf o r m s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
w o o d w o r k and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs,
casings, and trim m a d e of w o o d in an establishment. W o r k involves mo st of the following: Planning
and laying out of w o r k f r o m blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of
carpenter's handtools, portable p o w e r tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In
general, the w o r k of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or m o r e workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or
general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a wo rk er supplied with materials and tools; cleaning
working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of wo r k the helper is permitted
to pe rf or m varies f r o m trade to trade: In s o m e trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting,
and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform
specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a
full-time basis.

ELECTRICIAN, M A I N T E N A N C E

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, T O O L R O O M

Pe rf o r m s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
W o r k involves mo s t of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment
such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working fr om blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working
standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a
variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the w o r k of the
maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Specializes in the operation of one or m o r e types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of machineshop tools, gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. W o r k involves mo s t of the following: Planning and
performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or a
high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. M a y be required to recognize wh e n tools need dressing,
to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry
wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded
fr o m this classification.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

MACHINIST, M A I N T E N A N C E

Operates and maintains and m a y also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power, heat,
refrigeration, or air-conditioning. W o r k involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment,

Produces replacement parts and n e w parts in ma ki ng repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. W o r k involves mo s t of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's handtools
and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal




parts to close tolerances; ma ki ng standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling,
feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the c o m m o n metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into
mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's w o r k normally requires a rounded training in
machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. W o r k involves the
following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and
interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. M a y m i x colors, oils, white lead, and other
paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (Maintenance)
PIPEFITTER, M A I N T E N A N C E
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. W o r k involves
mo s t of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills,
or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts fr om
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body
bolts. In general, the w o r k of the automotive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics w h o repair customers' vehicles in automobile
repair shops.
MECHANIC, MA I N T E N A N C E
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. W o r k involves mo s t of the
following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained fr om stock; ordering
the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for ma j o r repairs or for the production of parts
ordered fr o m machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for
operation. In general, the wo r k of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded fr om
this classification are workers wh os e primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs n e w machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment wh e n changes in the plant layout are required. W o r k involves mo s t of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of
handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials,
and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order po we r transmission equipment such as
drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's w o r k normally requires a rounded training and
experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establish­
ment. W o r k involves most of the following: Laying out of w o r k and me asuring to locate position of
pipe fr o m drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths
with chisel and h a m m e r or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and
dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and
fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes me e t specifications. In
general, the wo rk of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. W o r k e r s primarily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such
as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. W o r k involves mo s t of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheetmetal maintenance wo rk fr o m blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending,
forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general,
the w o r k of the maintenance sheet-metal w o rk er requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fixtures or dies for forgings , punching,
and other metal-forming work. W o r k involves mo st of the following: Planning and laying out of wo rk
f r o m models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a variety of tool and
die maker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
c o m m o n metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment; making
necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines;
heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required
qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and
allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker's work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wa ge study purposes, tool and die m a k e r s in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded fr om this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W A T C H M E N

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

G u a r d . P e rf or ms routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using a r m s or force where necessary. Includes gatemen w h o are stationed at gate and check on
identity of employees and other persons entering.

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment whose
duties involve one or m o r e of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise
on or fr o m freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by
handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Lo ng sh or em en , w h o load and unload ships are excluded.

W a t c h m a n . M a k e s rounds of premises periodically in protecting property against fire, theft,
and illegal entry.

O R D E R FILLER

JANITOR, P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods f r o m stored merchandise in accordance
with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. Ma y, in addition to
filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and p e rf or m other related duties.

Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and wa sh r o o m s , or premises
of an office, apartment house, or co mm e r c i a l or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of
the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing
supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. W o r k e r s
w h o specialize in window washing are excluded.




P A C K E R , SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing t h e m in shipping containers,
the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and n u m b e r of units to be
packed, the type of container employed, and m e t h o d of shipment. W o r k requires the placing of items
in shipping containers and m a y involve one or m o r e of the following: Knowledge of various items of

stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and
sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers w h o also m a k e
wo od en boxes or crates are excluded.

follows:

Fo r wa g e study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment,
or m e n between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots,
warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers'
houses or places of business. M a y also load or unload truck with or without helpers, m a k e minor
mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road
drivers are excluded.




as

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, m e d i u m (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING A N D R E CE IV IN G C L E R K
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments
of merchandise or other materials. Shipping wo r k involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures,
practices, routes, available m e a n s of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping
records. M a y direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving w o r k involves:
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices,
or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting d a ma ge d goods; routing merchandise or
materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files.

Fo r wa g e study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
(Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

TRUCKER, P O W E R
goods

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
Fo r wa ge study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, po we r (forklift)
Trucker, po we r (other than forklift)

WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of
the establishments storage plan. W o r k involves mo st of the following: Verifying materials (or
merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages;
routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in
accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials;
examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage
and preparing it for shipment. M a y operate hand or po we r trucks in performing warehousing duties.
Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving wo rk (see shipping and
receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order filler), or operating power trucks (see
trucker, power).

Available On Request—
Th e following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract
the B L S regional offices shown on the back cover.
A l am og or do -L as Cruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish and T a w a s City, Mich.
An n Arbor, Mich.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.— S.C.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle Creek, Mich.
B e a u m o n t — Port Arthui^Orange, Tex.
Biloxi— Gulfport and
Pascagoula, Miss.
Boise City, Idaho
Bremerton, Wash.
Bridgeport, Norwalk and Stamford, Conn.
Brunswick, Ga.
Burlington, Vt.— N.Y.
Cape Cod, Mass.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Cham pa ig n— Urban a, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Charlotte— Gastonia, N.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville— Hopkinsville, Te nn - Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.— Ala.
Columbus, Miss.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Des Moines, Iowa
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth— Superior,,Minn.— Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene— Springfield, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg— Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.— Okla.
F rede rick— Hagerstown, Md.— C h a m b e r sburg,
Pa.— Martinsburg, W . Va.
Gadsden— Anniston, Ala.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Gr a n d Island— Hastings, Nebr.
Great Falls, Mont.
Guam
Harrisburg— Lebanon, Pa.
Huntington— As hi and, W . Va.— Ky.— Ohio
Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lima, Ohio

1965.

Copies of public releases are or will be available at no cost while supplies last fr o m any of
Little Rock— North Little Rock, Ark.
Logansport— Peru, Ind.
Lorain— Elyria, Ohio
L o w e r Eastern Shore, Md.— Va.— Del.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Mansfield, Ohio
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
McAllen— Pharr— Edinburg and Brownsville—
Harlingen— San Benito, Tex.
Medford— Klamath Falls— Grants Pass, Oreg.
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala. and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville— Davidson, Tenn.
N e w Bern— Jacksonville, N.C.
North Dakota
Norwich— Groton— N e w London, Conn.
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard— Simi Valley— Ventura, Calif.
P a n a m a City, Fla.
Peoria, 111.
Phoenix, Ariz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsmouth, N.H.— Maine— Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Reno, Nev.
Richland— Kennewick— Walia Walla—
Pendleton, Wash.— Oreg.
Riverside— San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara— Santa Maria— L o m p o c , Calif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Sh er ma n— Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Spokane, Wash.
Springfield, 111.
Springfield— Chicopee— Holyoke, Mass.— Conn.
Stamford, Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
T a co ma , Wash.
T a m p a — St. Petersburg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo-Fair fieId— Napa, Calif.
W a c o and Killeen— T e m p l e , Tex.
Waterloo— Cedar Falls, Iowa
West Texas Plains

*

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Sacramento, Calif*
San Angelo, T e x * *
Wilmington, Del.— N.J.— Md.*

Abilene, Tex.**
Billings, Mont.*
Corpus Christi, T e x *
Fresno, Calif.*
* Expanded to an area wa ge survey in fiscal year 1975.
** Included in We s t Texas Plains.

See inside back cover.

The fourteenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, drafters, and
.clerical employees is available. Order as B L S Bulletin 1837, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, M a r c h 1974, $1.40 a copy, f r o m any of the B L S regional sales
offices shown on the back cover, or f r o m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. G o ve rn me nt Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A directory of area wa ge studies including m o r e limited studies conducted at the request of the E m p l oy me nt
Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m a y be purchased f r o m any of the B L S regional offices shown on the back cover. Bulletin supplements m a y be.
obtained without cost, wh e r e indicated, f r o m B L S regional offices.
Area

Bulletin n u m b e r
and price *

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1974---------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Albany^-Schenectady-T roy, N . Y . Sept. 1974------------------------------------- .Suppl.
,
Free
Albuquerque, N. M e x . , Ma r . 1974 2------------------------------------------- ---Suppl.
Free
Allentown— Bethlehem— Easton, Pa.— N.J., M a y 1974 2 _______________________ ______ Suppl.
Free
A n a h e i m — Santa Ana— Ga rd en Grove, Calif., Oct. 1974 1
____________________________ 1850-9, 85 cents
Atlanta, Ga., M a y 1975 1------------------------------------------------------- ... 1850-25, $1.00
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1974-----------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
Free
Baltimore, M d . , Aug. 1974--------------------------------------------------------Suppi.
Free
B e a u m o n t — Port Ar th ui ^O ra ng e, Tex., M a y 1974 2 _______________________________Suppl.
Free
Billings, Mont., July 1974 1__________________________ ____________________________ 1850-6, 75 cents
Binghamton, N.Y.-Pa., July 1974-------------- ,--------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
B i rm in gh am , Ala., Ma r. 1975-----------------------------------------------------Suppl.
Free
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1973 2 ___________________________ ________________________ Suppl.
Free
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1974-------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1974---------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 19 73 2 ----------------------------------------------------- -Suppl.
Free
Canton, Ohio, M a y 1975 ---- ---------------------------------------- ------------- Suppl.
Free
Charleston, W. Va . , Ma r. 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------------Suppl.
Free
Chattanooga, T enn.-Ga., Sept. 1974________________________-_____________________ Suppl.
Free
Chicago, 111., M a y 1975 ---------------------------------------------------------- 1850-33, 85 cents
Cincinnati, Ohio— Ky.— Ind., Feb. 1975--------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1974 1_____________________________________________________ 1850-17, $1.00
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1974----------------------- ------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1975-------------------------------------------------- 1850-37, 65 cents
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1973 2 _________________________________________________________Suppl.
Free
Dallas— Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1974_____________________________________________ -Suppl.
Free
Davenport— Ro ck Island— Mo line, Iowa— 111., Feb. 1975_____________________________ Suppl.
Free
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1974 1 -________________________ _______ -______________________ 1850-14, 80 cents
Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1974 1 ________________________________________________ 1850-1, 75 cents
Free
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1973 2----------------------------- --------------------------Suppl.
Denver^-Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1974 1_____________________________________________ - 1850-15, 85 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1975__________ _____________________________________________ 1850-22, 85 cents
D u r h a m , N.C., Dec. 1973 2.............. ..................... ................... 1795-9, 65 cents
Fort Lauderdale— Hollywood and We s t P a l m Beach— Boca Raton, Fla., Apr. 1975 1_. 1850-26, 80 cents
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1973 2 _______________________ — ___________________________ Suppl.
Free
Fresno, Calif.1 3------------------------------------------- ---------- ----------Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1974 1 ____________________________ _______________________ 1850-11, 75 cents
Gr ee n Bay, W i s . July 1974______________________________________________________ Suppl.
,
Free
Gr ee ns bo ro— Winston-Salem— High Point, N . C . , Aug. 1974 1----------------------- 1850-2, 80 cents
Greenville, S.C., M a y 1974______________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Hartford, Conn., M a r . 1975 1
------------------------------- ---------------------- 1850-28, 80 cents
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1975___________________ -____________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1975______________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1974_______ ______________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Jackson, Miss., Feb. 1975 ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1974____________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1974— ____________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Lawr en ce— Haverhill, Mass.— N.H., June 1974 2_______________ — ------------------ Suppl.
Free
Lexington— Fayette, Ky., Nov. 1974________________________-______________________ Suppl.
Free
Little Rock— North Little Rock, Ark., July 1973 2 _________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Los Angeles— Lo ng Beach, Calif., Oct. 1974______________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Los Angeles— Long Be ac h and A n a h e i m — Santa An a- Ga rd en
Grove, Calif., Oct. 1973 2 ______________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Louisville, Ky.— Ind., Nov. 1974 1-------------------- ---------------------------- 1850-12, 80 cents
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1974 2____ *_________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Manchester, N.H., July 1973 2 ___ _______________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Melbourne— Titusville— Cocoa, Fla., Aug. 1974 1----------- --- ------------------- 1850-5, 75 cents
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




Area

Bulletin n u mb er
and price *

M e m p h i s , Tenn.— Ark.— M i s s . Nov. 1974__________ — -------- ---------------------Suppl.
,
Free
Miami, Fla., Oct. 1974____________________________ — ---------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1974 2 - ---------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1975 1________________ — ----------------------------------- 1850-21, 85 cents
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., Jan. 1975 1----------------------------------- 1850-20, $ 1.05
Mu sk e g o n — Mu sk e g o n Heights, Mich., June 1974 2 -------- — ---------------------- Suppl.
Free
Nassau— Suffolk, N.Y., June 1975 1
________________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1975 1 -------------------------------------------------------- 1850-18, $ 1.00
N e w a r k and Jersey City, N.J.. Jan.19742 ---------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Free
N e w Haven, Conn., Jan. 1974 2--------- ------------ ----------- — -----— --------- Suppl.
N e w Orleans, La., Jan. 1975----------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
N e w York, N.Y.— N.J. 1 3---------------------------------------------------------N e w Y o r k and Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., Apr. 1974 2-------------- — ----------------- Suppl.
Free
Norfolk— Virginia Be ac h— Portsmouth, Va.— N.C., M a y 1975----------------------- 1850-29, 65 cents
Norfolk— Virginia Be ac h— Portsmouth and Newport N e w s —
Hampton, Va., M a y 1975----------------------------------------- --------------- 1850-30, 65 cents
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1974 1 ---------------- ---------------------------- - 1850-8, 80 cents
O k l a h o m a City, Okla., Aug. 1974 1__________________________ _____________________ 1850-7, 80 cents
O m a h a , N e b r . Iowa, Oct. 1974 1_____ _______________________________ — ----------- 1850-10, 80 cents
—
Paterson— Clifton— Passaic, N.J., June 1975 1----------------------------- -------- 1850-38, 80 cents
Philadelphia, Pa.— N.J., Nov. 1974----------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Phoenix, Ariz., June 1974 2_____________________________________ -________________ Suppl.
Free
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1975__________________________________ __ ___ _____________ Suppl.
_
Free
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1974_____________________________________ -________________ Suppl.
Free
Portland, Oreg.— Wash., M a y 1975_ — ------------------------------------------- 1850-40, 75 cents
_
Poughkeepsie, N . Y . 1 3___________________________________— _______________________
Poughkeepsie— Kingston— Newburgh, N.Y., June 1974------------------------------ Suppl.
Free
Providence— W a r w i c k — Pawtucket, R.I.— Mass., June 1975 _______ __________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
Raleigh, N.C., Dec. 1973 1 2 ______________________________________________________ 1795-7, 65 cents
Redeigh— D u r h a m , N.C., Feb. 1975_____— -------------------- -- — --------------- Suppl.
Free
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1974 1 ------- ----------------------------------------------- 1795-25, 80 cents
River side— San Bernardino—Ontario, Calif., Dec. 19 73 2 -------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Rockford, 111., June 19742 _________ ________________________________ ____________ Suppl.
Free
Free
St. Louis, Mo . — 111., Mar. 1975-------- — ----------------- --- — ----- — ----------- Suppl.
Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1974 1 -------------------------------------------------- 1850-19, 80 cents
Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1974 1 ----------------------------------------------------- 1850-16, 75 cents
Salt Lake City— Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1974------------------------------------------ Suppl.
Free
San Antonio, Tex., M a y 1975 — ___________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1974 1------------------------------- --------------------- 1850-13, 80 cents
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1975 1
______________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1975 1----------------------------------------------------- 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, Ga., M a y 1974 2 ------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
Free
Scranton, Pa., July 1973 1 2------------------------------------------------------ 1795-3, 55 cents
Free
Seattle— Everett, Wash., Jan. 1975-----— ----------------- ------------------------ Suppl.
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1973 2 ------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
Free
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1975________________________________ -____________________ Suppl.
Free
Spokane, Wash., June 1974 2____________________________________ .________________ Suppl.
.
.
Free
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1974 1------------------------------------------------------ 1850-4, 80 cents
T a m p a— St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1973 2____________________________ ____________ Suppl.
Free
Toledo, Ohio— Mich., M a y 1975 1- --------------------------------------------- --- 1850-34, 80 cents
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1974__________________________________ ______________ ________ Suppl.
Free
Washington, D.C.— Md . — Va . , Mar. 1975 1------------------------------------------ 1850-31, $1.00
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 19742 _____ _____________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1973 1 2 ____________________________________________________ 1795-5, 60 cents
Westchester County, N . Y 3 _______________________________________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1975________________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Worcester, Mass., M a y 1975 1------------- -------------------------------------- 1850-24, 80 cents
York, Pa., Feb. 1975 1
------------------------------------------------------------ 1850-32, 80 cents
Youngstown— Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1973 2 __________________________________________ Suppl.
Free

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE *300

LAB-441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 J F K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone:223-6761 (Area Code 61 7)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region V
9 th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn S t
Chicago, III. 606 04
Phone: 3 53-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N .Y . 10036
Phone:971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New Y o rk
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region V I
Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Te x . 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut S t , 15 th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

V II I
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Region IV
Suite 54 0
1371 Peachtree St. M E .
Atlanta, Ga. 30 309
Phone:526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102