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H0V2119?2
F O M E N T COLLECTION

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e P o rtla n d , O r e g o n —W a s h in g to n ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , M a y 1 9 7 2

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 8 9

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

PUERTO RICO
Region II
1515 Broadway, Suite 3400
New York, N .Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square'Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1880;(Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017 '
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

* Regions VII and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.



AREA WAGE SURVEY

Buiieti n 1725-89

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, James D. Hodgson, Secretary

October 1972

BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e P o rtla n d , O r e g o n —W a s h in g to n , M e tro p o lita n A r e a , M a y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page
1.
5.

In tro d u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T a b le s :
4.

1.
2.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s .

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n
m
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 5. C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

B.

6.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s
B - 2 . S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls
B - 3 . S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and days
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s
B - 5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s

7.

10.

11.
12.
13.

15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

22 .
24.

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 04 02 -P rice 35 cents

Preface
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s is d e s ig n e d to p r o v id e data
on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s . It y ie ld s d e t a ile d d ata b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr y
d iv is io n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r
the U n ite d S ta te s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a t io n in th e p r o g r a m is th e n eed
f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2) th e s tr u c tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin p r e ­
s e n ts the r e s u lt s .
A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s
f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s data f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
T h e s e co n d p r e s e n ts in fo r m a t io n w h ic h has b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d i­
v id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d ata to r e la t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and the
U n ite d S ta te s .
N in e t y - fo u r a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In
e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d a n n u ally
and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y in P o r t la n d ,
O r e g .—W a s h ., in M a y 1972.
T h e S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l
A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t ( f o r m e r l y the
B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t) th ro u g h J a n u a ry 1968, c o n s is ts o f C la c k a m a s ,
M u ltn o m a h , and W a s h in g to n C o u n tie s , O r e g . ; and C la r k C ou n ty, W ash .
T h is stu dy w a s c o n d u cted b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in San
F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f D. B r u c e H a n ch e tt,
D e p u ty R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r .




Note:
S im ila r
back c o v e r.)

rep o rts a re

a v a ila b le f o r o th e r a r e a s .

(S e e in s id e

U n ion w a g e r a t e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s in
th e P o r t la n d a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s tru c tio n ;
p r in tin g ; l o c a l- t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s ; and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ich the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is . 1 In th is a r e a , d ata w e r e o b ­
ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e n r e s e n t a t iv e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
t r a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e : r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a tio n s and th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e th e y ten d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s
stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r
e a c h o f th e b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d .2 W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p re m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b een
rou n ded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h a n ge s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , show n in ta b le 2, a r e
b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f .vage tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g ro u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In c o m b in in g the d ata,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t i ­
m a te s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e la t in g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c le r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3 ) maintenance andp o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the a p p e n d ix . U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d ,
th e e a r n in g s d ata fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m ­
b in e d . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d ,
o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d
in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a ­
tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r
(2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
E a r n in g s data not show n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d
in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e show n.
L ik e w is e , data a r e
in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify
is not a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g and, th u s, c o n trib u te d if fe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r ea c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la tio n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p re a d o r d i f fe r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d if fe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y le v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p ay tr e a tm e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O th e r p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n ­
tr ib u te to d if fe r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D iffe r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the actu a l
r a te s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r f o r m e d , alth ou gh th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i fi e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g
e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s
a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e study and not th e n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d

1 Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
areas are Binghamton, N. Y. (New Yoric portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and
West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y .
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y .; and U tica—Rome, N .Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
more lim ited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




2 Special payments provided for work in designated parts of the area by companies not con­
sidering such payments a part of the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because of
reporting problems. Such instances are few and do not have a large im pact on the published data.

1

2
fr o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s as th e y
r e la t e to p la n t- and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
D ata f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s not
p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s ."
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k ­
e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s
and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in c lu d e d
in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f th e op tim u m
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and th e p r o b a b ilit y th at l a r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e l ik e ly to h a v e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d ata (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e lim it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f (1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 3 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n tw o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c if ie d s h ift at th e t im e o f th e
su rvey.
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , th e am ount
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y w as u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
th e c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u s e d . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f i t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u rs .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s (ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as
a p p ly in g to a ll o f th e p la n t- o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th at e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays a r e th o s e w h ich a m a jo r it y o f f u l l ­
t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r th ey w e r e p a id f o r at
s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n p la n s (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on th e
b a s is th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t- o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a

m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r
th e p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B - 2 th ro u gh
B -6 m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls b e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g.
D ata on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l im it e d to data on h o l i ­
d ays g ra n te d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v id e d f o r in
w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) h a v e b e e n e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m . H o lid a y s o r d i ­
n a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th ough th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y
and th e w o r k e r is not g ra n te d a n o th e r d a y o f f . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e
p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts th e n u m b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s
a c tu a lly g ra n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s
to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in ten d ed as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c ific b e n e ­
f it s .
P r o v is io n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t f o r a ll le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to a ll p la n t- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r than a t im e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s ic p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s t im a t e s e x ­
c lu d e v a c a tio n bonus and v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and th o s e w h ich o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s ic p la n s w ith q u a lify in g
le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . Such e x c lu s io n s a r e t y p ic a l in th e s t e e l, a lu m in u m ,
and can in d u s tr ie s .
D ata on h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
c lu d e th o s e p la n s f o r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
co s t. Such p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u g h a union fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d to h a ve a p la n i f
th e m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s w as e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n der th e p la n ,
e v e n i f le s s than a m a jo r i t y e le c t e d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p lan . L e g a l l y r e ­
q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and
r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m i t e d to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u ra n c e u n d er w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y i l ln e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y . I n f o r ­
m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll such p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib ­
u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich h a ve e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u i r e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u ­
t i o n s , 4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1J c o n tr ib u te s m o r e
th an is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits
w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f th e la w .
T a b u la tio n s o f p a id s ic k

3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
4
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




3
le a v e p la n s a r e l i m it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a
p r o p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f
illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to (1 ) p lans
w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ich p r o ­
v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n ­
ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a ted to ta l is shown
o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e it h e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits .

th e d is a b ilit y , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
P a y m e n ts m a y be a t fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y but a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s r e ­
d u ced by s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n
b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
«*•

_■

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ich a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and
s u r g ic a l p la n s . M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly d is ­
p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly
a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon th e e x p ir a tio n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e an d/or
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a r e p la n s w h ich
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d p e r io d o f
c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d e r ­
d is a b ilit y ( t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til th e end o f
w r it t e n b y c o m m e r ic a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r th e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y th e e m p lo y e r ou t o f a fund s e t a s id e f o r
5
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the mini­ th is p u r p o s e . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
th o s e p la n s th at p r o v id e r e g u la r p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
w o r k e r 's l i f e .
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




4

T ab le 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in P o rtland, O re g .—W ash.,’ by m ajor industry division,2 M ay 1 9 7 2
Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Plant
Number

A ll divisions_______________________________
Manufacturing__________________________________
Nonm anufacturing______________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5______________________
Wholesale tra d e_____ __________ _________
Retail trade__________ ___
_______________
Finance, insurance, and real estate_______
S ervices8__________________ ________________

Studied

Tota l4

Studied

Office

Percent

Total4

_

815

188

151,725

100

95,192

28,227

76.964

50
-

310
505

72
116

67,913
83, 812

45
55

50,239
44,953

6,476
21,751

36,468
40,496

50
50
50
50
50

65
127
145
77
91

24
24
32
13
23

20,987
12,969
25, 234
14,576
10,046

14
8
16
10
7

11,807
(6)
19, 563
(7)
(6)

4,464
(6)
2,871
(6)
(6)

13,993
3, 818
12,175
6, 818
3,692

1 The Portland Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the O ffice of Management and Budget (fo rm erly the Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists of Clackamas,
Multnomah, and Washington Counties, Oreg.; and Clark County, Wash. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size
and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure
employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. Portland's transit system is now publicly owned
and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
8 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates
for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Alm ost one-half of the workers within scope of the survey in the Portland area
w ere employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the m ajor industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of all lanufacturing;
Industry groups
E lectrica l equipment and
supplies______________________
Transportation equipment_____
Food and kindred products____
Paper and allied products_____
Lumber and wood products___
Prim a ry metal industries_____
Machinery, except electrical —
Fabricated metal products____

Specific industries
14
1
1
10
10
9
9
8
7

E lectric test and distributing
equipment____________________ 12
Paperm ills, except
building paper-------------------- 7
Millwork, plywood, and
related products----------------- 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t ra c tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e ch an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the date o f
the in d ex.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n ge s b e t w e e n the in d i c a t e d d ate s . An n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m onths. T h e s e c o m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a con stant r a te
b e t w e e n s u r v e y s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c han ge in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

shows the p e r c e n t a g e c han ge. T h e in d e x is the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c on tin uin g to m u l t i p l y (c om p ou n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f earn in gs f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n tw ork er groups, they
m e a s u r e c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a t e s h ifts . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h g ro u p .
L im itation s

o f D ata

M e t h o d o f C o m p u ti n g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n ge , as m e a s u r e s o f
c han ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f l u e n c e d b y ;
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c ti o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c tu a l w a g e c h a n ge s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declin ed b eca u se lo w e r - p a y in g establishm en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e xp an de d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a ve r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y oc c u p a tio n s w i th i n an o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c on stan t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p :
O ffic e clerica l (m en and w om en):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Com ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffic e clerica l (m en and w om en )—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
wom en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

T h e use o f c on stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f change r e f l e c t o n l y ch an ge s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n ge s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l oc c u p a tio n s
in the g r o u p w e r e to ta le d .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 con secutive y ea rs
w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups
in Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1971 and May 1972, and percents of increase for selected periods
A ll industries
Period

O ffice
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Manufacturing
Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

O ffice
clerica l
(men and *
women)

Indu st rial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

130.4
144.5

128.1
146.3

132.2
148.1

1.2
5.2
12.1
(M
(‘ )
1.8
5.9
7.3
7.2
8.2
4.8
10.8

2.9
2.7
2.0
3.6
3.7
3.2
2.7
8.1
7.5
5.5
4.5
14.2

2.4
2.5
1.1
6.4

Indexes (May 1967 = 100)
May 1971_______________________________________
May 1972_______________________________________

121.6
127.9

130.9
145.3

128.0
144.8

131.0
145.0

125.0
127.8

Percents of increase
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

I960 to
1961 to
1962 to
1963 to
1964 to
1965 to
1966 to
1967 to
1968 to
1969 to
197 0 to
1971 to

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1961________________________ .
1962____________ _____________
1963__________________________
1964__________________________
1965__________________________
1966__________________________
1967__________________________
1968__________________________
1969__________________________
1970__________________________
1971__________________________
1972__________________________

1 Data do not meet publication criteria.

2.8
1.7
2.9
4.5
3.3
3.4
4.4
3.8
5.4
4.6

6.3
5.2

2.3
4.5
10.7
1.4
3.8
2.3
5.8
7.2
7.1
8.1
5.5
11.0

3.3
2.5
2.9
3.2
3.8
3.7
2.9
7.8
7.0
5.5
5.2
13.1

3.4
3.6
3.7
2.8
4.2
3.0
5.4
5.5
6.2
6.1
10.2
10.7

3.8
.9
1.5
5.0
3.3
2.1
3.7
4.8
6.5
5.6
6.0
2.2

2.4
3.8
2.8
3.9
5.4
8.9
10.8
12.0

7

A.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e ar ni ng s

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o cc u p a tio n s —men and w o m en

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a ba sis by industry division, Portland, O reg.—W ash., M ay 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workeis

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—

$
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

$

Under 75
$
and
75
under
80

85

$

*

*

t

$

t

*

$

*

*

*

*

$

*
220

85

90

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2

95

1
1

2
2

12

13
13

14

6

6

12
2

6

2

1
5

4
-

-

-

11
7
4

15

12

4

*

230

MEN

$

$

$

1 6 2 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -1 9 4 .5 0

$

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------

29

1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --- --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

128
34
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 4 7 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

ME SS EN GE RS IOFFICE BOYS) ----------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

68
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

_

1 0 6 .5 0

9 8 .5 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0

-

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

o
o

88
56
32

+

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

-

-

-

-

13

2

-

-

-

1

1

2

*

-

“

2

2

-

4

6

4

3

-

4

-

-

-

8
4

31
13
18

56
-

5
-

16

3
3

-

4

3

1

-

4

1

56

5

10

-

-

2
1

2
2

-

3
3

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

_

_

6

22
-

2
-

22

2

1

4

1
1

11
11

-

-

_

_

_

“

“

_

18
17

10

15
12

-

1

-

8

11

7
3

8

30

-

1

13

6

19

10

27

6

11

10

21

6

WOMEN

66

•4
-

o
o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

1 1 2 .5 0

65
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

1
1

_
“

MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

92
27
65

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

455
138
317
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 7 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

997
243
754
221

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

41
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

*

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

283
27
256

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 0 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 0 .5 0

25
25

41
41

55
5
50

47
3
44

29
16

17
-

13

17

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

107
94

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

15
*1 5

16
11

27
22

19
18

9
7

9

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

247
60
187

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

1

16

_

-

-

3

-

11
11

2

1

16

1

* AIL w ork ers were at $70 to $75.
See footnotes at end of tables.




2

2

1

-

_

5

12
-

*

"

5

12

-

_

16
9

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

*

-

-

24
24

23
1
22
“

38
5
33
13

89
17
72
27

1 02
27

75

103
37
66

35

„ 29

7
7

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

$

18
8
10

15

25

6
6

15

18

“

-

11
6
5

39
9
30

80
29

28
16

51

12

13

26

7
26

65

3
23
1

22
43
20

183
51

190
61
129

1 32
58

53

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

1

9

2
1

“

_

-

29
1
28
6
6

29
15
14

2
15
15

54
6

87

48
4

73

3
1

14

3
2

32
4

36

22
4
18

45
10
35

66
3
63

46
6
40

13
2
11

16

_

_

-

1
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
1

11
-

3

8

-

12

11

2

8

-

3
3

-

_

1
5

-

3

1

5

-

-

1

5

-

-

2

-

-

1

*

26

33

23

60
7

10

53

23

25

2

-

3
3

_

-

-

“

-

-

_

-

_

2

1

22

_

-

3

45

-

13
6

-

7

37
37

-

2

-

-

-

-

230

240

—

80

and

240 o v e r

8
T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a ba sis by industry division, Portland, O reg.—W ash ., M ay 1972)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
AupM

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workeis

i

t
75

weekly
(standard)

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

90

95

t

$
100

110

t

t
120

130

t
190

i

$
150

160

»

*
170

180

»

*
190

200

*

t
210

220

*
230

and

s
75

290

and

under
90

95

100

110

13

90

6

85

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

27

7

13

99

52

18

31

25

6

9

9

12

25

23

3

11

19

9

6

3

2

19

29

15

20

6

200

210

220

230

290

over

1

_
_

CONTINUED

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------------

268

9 0 .0

$
12 6.00

$
1 1 8.50

$
$
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 9 1 .5 0

130

9 0 .0

1 2 1.00

11 6.50

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

138

9 0 .0

1 3 0.50

12 5.50

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

36

9 0 .0

16 7.50

1 8 0.50

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

98

9 0 .0

11 2.00

1 1 5.50

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

“

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

110

3 9 .5

12 1.00

1 1 1.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

_

97

9 0 .0

12 5.50

1 2 9.00

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------

928

3 9 .5

12 5.00

1 1 7.50

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

85

9 0 .0

~

-

1

20

“

4

2

1

8

18

23

8

9

9

9

1

1

9

2

6

9

9

-

-

6

6

9

90

101

82

99

18

-

1 0 9.50

1 0 9.00

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

12 9.00

1 2 0.00

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

19 9.50

1 6 0 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

*

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------

979

3 9 .5

I 1 9 .0 0

1 0 7.00

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

-

1 1 2.50

1 0 6 .5 0

6

10

6

-

19

_

9

_

_

-

9

-

-

-

10

95

16

7

1

5

-

-

-

-

_

3

38

-

-

_

-

2

7

26

21

10

1

-

-

-

2

33

75

61

39

15

35

9

95

16

7

1

5

-

-

-

—
-

*

“

19

15

9

3

11

9

21

16

7

1

5

-

-

-

-

10

6

66

63

115

63

39

92

39

12

3

15

1

-

_

_

3

9

19

12

92

16

20

9

8

9

2

-

7

2

52

51

73

97

19

33

31

8

1

15

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

10

19

2

3

6

12

8

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

20

7

15

232

263

83

95

59

23

3

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 9.50

1 0 7 .0 0

9 7 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

1 3 2.50

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

MESSENGERS (O FFIC E G IR L S ) ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

133

3 8 .5

8 3 .5 0

8 2 .0 0

117

3 8 .5

8 3 .5 0

8 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

1 ,7 1 8

3 9 .5

13 3.50

1 3 0.50

567

9 0 .0

1 31.50

1 2 8.50

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0

1 ,1 5 1

3 9 .0

1 39.50

1 31.50

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

199

9 0 .0

16 9.50

1 6 2.00

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

103

9 0 .0

1 3 2.00

1 3 3.00

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

193

3 9 .5

1 5 1.00

1 9 8 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

51

9 0 .0

1 96.00

1 3 9.50

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

92

3 9 .5

1 5 3.50

1 9 9 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

355

3 9 .5

1 9 7.00

1 3 9.00

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

_

-

-

103

9 0 .0

1 95.00

1 9 9.50

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

252

3 9 .5

1 9 8.00

1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

571

3 9 .0

1 3 9.50

1 3 0.50

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

-

-

-

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0




10

6

6

13 0.00

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

6

1

-

3 9 .5

W o rk e rs w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

-

3

-

9 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------

2

2

1

6

73

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------

_

“

390

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------

2

-

2

_

.

2

9

3 9 .5

9 0 .0

1

15

“

9 0 .0

139

5

2

_

101

_

6

-

2

5

*

—

2

~

393

*

t

f

t
85

Unde

80

WOMEN -

(
80

7 4 *5 0 -

92 *5 0

*39

22

17

7 4 .0 0 -

9 3 .0 0

38

18

10

12

19

5

15

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

-

_

2

29

37

67

212

-

331

190

97

9

19

26

1

3

1

3

25

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

19

17

66

93

100

95

52

51

36

16

12

5

-

3

1

-

21

23

50

196

139

163

236

138

96

97

29

92

18

9

16

25

-

-

-

-

3

12

15

-

23

12

6

8

“

-

*

5

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

8

21

22

13

9

19

27

29

18

9

9

1

29

19

22

9
-

2

6

18

2

18

4

2

4

-

-

21

30

-

-

3

6

-

18

5

8

90

-

-

1

28

8

3

6

2

2

1

2

8

2

2

8

5

9

1

-

-

-

1

-

16

26

12

19

3

~

5

2

2

-

-

2

50

89

58

23

27

7

19

1

2

9

23

11

25

20

17

19

9

-

1

-

1

1

29

39

59

38

6

13

3

19

~

2

8

22

69

106

129

95

90

11

17

19

16

5

8

3

-

1

1

_

9 0 .0

1 3 0.00

1 2 5.00

-

-

-

2

6

29

30

91

90

8

21

9

2

2

-

379

3 8 .5

1 3 6.50

1 3 2 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

-

3

2

61

39

65

89

37

19

7

15

15

13

5

6

3

_

-

9 0 .0

1 76.00

1 8 9.00

1 5 6 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

-

-

-

65

-

3

10

7

9

6

13

12

3

9

3

-

-

11

18

9

2

2

29

32

55

99

127

89

99

59

20

23

13

12

2

3

12

11

39

55

30

22

22

11

10

5

9

21

20

99

65

72

59

72

37

9

13

8

12

9

-

8

19

12

5

5

6

33

90

69

93

13

19

29

3

32

5

2

192

-

-

9

9

3

-

_

-

_

99

9 0 .0

1 2 6.00

1 3 1.00

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

699

3 9 .5

1 22.00

1 1 9.00

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

_

_

221

9 0 .0

1 23.50

1 1 9.00

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

*

i

1

23

-

1

8

18

22

29

3

8

6

23

23

25

22

97

19

10

6

23

1

31

5

•

_

-

_

-

1

_

-

“

9

6

7

9

6

8

1

31

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

62

26

39

21

17

928

3 9 .0

1 21.00

1 1 9.00

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

77

9 0 .0

1 36.00

1 3 6.50

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

330

3 9 .5

1 2 3.00

1 1 5.50

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 9 0 .5 0

-

1 1 9 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

9 0 .0

12 1.50

237

3 9 .5

1 23.50

1 1 3.00

9 7 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

77

9 0 .0

15 9.50

1 5 5.00

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0

“

93

305

3 9 .5

77

9 0 .0

1 26.50

1 2 0.00

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

228

3 9 .0

1 21.50

1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

32

9 0 .0

12 2.50

1 5 3.50

1 1 6.00

1 5 5 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

-

i
*

*

29

1

-

_

-

-

8

-

6

-

-

-

_

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

1

4

5

9

5

5

9

_

-

-

-

i

-

9

11

23

7

6

11

8

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

5

19

78

39

19

33

10

9

3

5

5

-

-

-

-

—

-

“

10

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 at $60 to $65; 2 at $65 to $70; and 35 at $70 to $75.

-

-

18

89

2

3

5

1

9

3

-

9
T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o cc u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n -----C o ntin u ed

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Portland, Oreg, —
Wash. , May 1972)
W eekly earnings
(standard )

1

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%

Average
weekly

Occupation and industry division

Under
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle ran ged

$

75

t

t

i

t

t

i

64
30
34

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRA0E ------------------------------

114

SWITCHBOARD d P lR A fO R -R E C E P T lO N IS T S MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRA0E ------------------------------

102
28
267
93

174
48

$

$

$

$

40.0 1 2 6 .5 0 1 2 3 . 0 0 1 0 9 . 5 0 - 1 4 0 . 0 0
40.5 1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 2 .0 0 1 0 6 . 5 0 - 1 2 3 . 0 0
39.5 1 3 8 .5 0 1 3 9 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 4 . 5 0

-

39.5 1 0 1 .5 0
40.0 1 0 2 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
40.0

-

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

_
-

-

39.5 1 0 9 . 5 0 1 0 7 .5 0
40.0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0
39.5 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 6 . 0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
40.0

9 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

-

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

85

90

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

over

12
4

2

8

-

2

6
6

2
2

-

~

1
-

4

12

13

7

4

1

~

9
3

8
5

5
2

7
6
4

13
8

5
4

8
8

4

2

3

13
4
9

49

16
16
9

36
31

15
15

2

4

1
1
-

10
10

46
14

"

33
1
32
13

2
2

“

6
6

_

i
i

-

_

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING ----

74
42
32

40.0 1 2 9 .0 0
40.0 1 1 6 .0 0
40.0 1 4 6 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

-

_
-

-

-

~

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

32

53

21

56
18

14
8

26
9

38
6

6

17

7
3
4

9

28
8

1

“

2

4
2

6
4

11
3

7
4

10
10

6
6

1

4
4

8
8

8
6
2

4

32
9

-




t

160

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables

I

150

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1

t

140

“

31

t

130

39.0 1 1 3 .0 0
38.5 1 1 5 .5 0

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

l

120

-

9 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

38.5
40.0
38.0

t

110

56
40

491
64
427

t

100

TRANSCRIBING-NACHINE OPERATORS.
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —

i

85

CONTINUED

(Sw it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s a -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

t

80

and
under
80

WOMEN -

$

t
75

2
51

_

46
10
36

12
10

16
4

-

2

12

11
3
8

5

16

5

16

4

141

65

42

65

24

2

2
1
10
2

6
59

10

11
54

1
23

2

32

10
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Portland, Oreg—Wash., May 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rnings o f—
*

*

<

*

*

of
workeis

»

$

(standard

Middle ranged

f

«

S
$
s
220
230
240

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

S
200

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

-

-

“

“

4
2

7
3

13
9

10
4

15
14

15
15

6
6

5
5

4
2

-

19
3
16

23
4
19

41
9
32

20
5
15

20
4
16

19
19

10
2
8

_
-

_
-

~

5
1
4

1
1
-

1
1
-

5
2
3

10
5
5

11
3
8

23
5
18

18
7
11

~

1
1

14
14
-

33
3
30

100
Median £

*

t

no

no

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Average
weekly

210

$

S

t

*

$

*

250

260

270

280

290

250

260

270

28C

290

300 o v e r

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
-

-

_
-

_
•

_

-

_

-

-

~

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
2
5

6
2
4

7
7
-

3
1
2

3
3

3
3

1
1
-

1
-

7
7

1
-

-

1

1

-

8
2
6

4
4
-

8
1
7

2
1
1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
2

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
1

10

15
10

8
2

10

6

8

6

4

9
3

7
1

3
-

7
-

1
-

-

10
7
3

14
14

6
6

25
4
21

7
1
6

3
1

1
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

300

and
under

MEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

81
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 4 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0

$
$
$
1 8 7 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 8 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0 1 7 2 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------

165
29
136

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0

t

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

28

3 9 .0

1 2 4 .0 0

127150

67
25
42

3 9 .0 2 1 6 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 0 4 .5 0
3 8 . 5 2 2 4 .0 0

2 0 7 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0 -2 2 6 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0 -2 5 8 .0 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------- --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ ---------

83
26
57

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 6 .0 0
1 8 7 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 8 1 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

-

7
1
6

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0

COMPUTER PR06RAHERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

•

13

g

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

13
4
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

9
9
-

17

16

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
32
31 7 .5 U
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

87
39
48

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 3 3 .0 0 2 1 5 .0 0 -2 6 3 .5 0
2 1 7 .5 0 2 0 8 .0 0 - 2 3 4 .0 0
2 5 4 .0 0
I-'A .O O

-

139
54
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 9 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0

_
-

2 3 8 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0

1 7 0 .5 0 -2 1 6 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

-

6

3

9
9
-

10
36

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0

to

1

3

WOMEN

*2 *2
4 0 *0

10

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
0
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) -----

29

3 9 .5

1 7 1 .5 0

1 6 8 .5 0

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

-

-

-

2

c

3

* Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $300 to $320; 9 at $320 to $340; 7 at $340 to $360; and 3 at $360 to $380.
See footnotes at end of tables.




4

1

C

7

3

4

2

C

2

2

7
5
2

5

*

11
T a b le A - 3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A verage straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972)
A verage
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry d ivis ion

O F F IC E

Average

Occupation and industry d ivision

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard] (standard)

O F F IC E

OCCUPATIONS

O CCUPATIO NS

-

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

Occupation and industry d ivision

O F F IC E

CO NTINU ED

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
woikers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

CO NTINU ED

$
B IL L E R S .

M ACHINE

( B IL L IN G
66

B O O KKE E PING -M ACHINE

4 0 .0

$
1 1 2 .5 0

$

1 3 1 *5 0
1 6 6 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 4 5 .0 0

192

-------------------------------

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

364
103

NONMANUFACTURING *
P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S

OPERATORS.

5

567
1 ,1 6 2
205

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

wLA j A
S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATORS.

1

NUNRANUrAt UKINb
NONMANUFACTURING

65

1

LLtKK j f AvbUUN INlif LLA
R A N U r A L UKINb *

1

369
60

trade

1 No i
1
1

1 1 0 *1 0
1 0 4 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

•

1 8 9 .0 0

31

1

b t t K t AKltb * LLAbb t

5

LLtKAb t ALvUUn

PRO FESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICA L
O CCUPATIONS - CO NTINUED

A

NONMANUFACTURING

Retail

3 9 *5
4 0 .0

145
51
94

3 9 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0

3 8 .5

2 2 0 .5 0

LL A b t
)

nUflRANUrAL UKINb

—

1 2 6 .0 0

—

221

KtI AIL IKAUfc

1

40

NUNHANUhAt UKINb

Z8T
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

260

4 0 .0

3 9 .0

146 00
1 0 1 .5 0

1

1 3 1 .5 0

1

n
^0

0

I'll

1
11 111

_

3 9 *0
4 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

46
s on
120

9 1 *0

3 8 .0
.....

tLCKIV jf rlLt f tLAbb t
NUNRAnUrAt UKINb

1 2 2 .0 0

b t t n t AKltb* tLAbb U
R A M U r A t UKINb *
NUnRANUrAt UKINb
rvDLlt U
L
LJ

1 11Led

_

81

rUoLlt U IL

4 0 .0

177

00

J;

1 5 6 .0 0

1

375

C LE R K S * ORDER

1

N A N U r A b U K 1Nb

4 0 .0

*™ J "

NONMANUFACTURING

___

t L c K K b « PAYROLL

1

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LY S TS ,

NUNRANUrAt UKINb
r ( d L It Ul ILITlto
J
R E T A IL

1

bWl tnoUAKU U r t K A UKb * tLAbb A

*6 1
48

4 0 .6
4 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

429
85

TRADE

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0

bM

NONMANUF ACT U R IN 6

11
tnbUAKU

1

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 2 0 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

U r t K A UK KLttr

40

91

4 0 .0

1 9 7 .5 0

1IUN 1
bIb

MANUFACTUR1No
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS*
MANUFACTURING

CLASS A

1 02
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS*

(O F F IC E

1 1

1 5 0 .0 0

1
KAUt

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS B

OPERATORS.

40 0
40^0

193
187

1 6 2 .5 0
. 50

CLASS B

NONMANUFACTURING — —

MESSENGERS

4 0 .0

1

K c AIL

—— ——

——

BOYS AND G I R L S ) -

N A N U P A b U K Nb

See footnote at end of tables,




342
73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

42

1

4 0 .0

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

29
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 1 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0

NUnRANUrAt UKINb
77

4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
27

3 9 .5

12
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t occu p atio n s

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a ba sis by industry division, Portland, O re g .— ash., M ay 1972)
W

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

*

M ""2

M edian2

Middle range

2

*
3 .6 0
IT ^
Under 3 * 50
and
f ___
3 * 5 0 under

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

-

»
3 .9 0

-

t

%

%

*
4 .3 0

*
4 .4 0

t

4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

t

4 .0 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

(
4 .7 0

*
4 .8 0

t
t
5 .00 5 .2 0

5 .4 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

S,? o

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

-

-

-

13
13
13

-

3
3
-

-

—

2
1
2
1

2
1
6

-

3
3

16

T
i —
5 . 60 5 .8 0

*

T

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6« 0 6• 20
0

T
6 .4 0
and

o
o

3 .7 0

3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

+

3 .6 0

i

5 .4 0

6 .0 0

over

HEN

CARPENTERS, HAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

87
34
53
45

$
5 .0 3
5 .4 7
4 .7 5
4 .7 0

$
4 .6 5
5 .1 0
4 .5 0
4 .4 8

$
$
4 . 4 6 - 5 .2 9
5 . 0 3 - 6 .3 2
4 . 4 3 - 4 .6 0
4 . 4 3 - 4 .5 6

ELEC TRIC IAN S, HAINTENANCE ---------------HANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------

259
223
36

5 .4 1
5 .5 1
4 .7 7

5 .3 0
5 .5 1
4 .6 7

4 .9 5 5 .1 9 4 .6 1 -

5 .5 8
5 .6 0
5.0 3

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

7

1
6
6

2
1
-

2
1
2
1
8

_

_

_

_

_

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

218
161
57

4 .9 3
5 .0 2
4 .6 9

5 .0 0
5 .0 3
4 .6 7

4 . 8 2 - 5 .1 0
4 . 8 6 - 5 .1 0
4 . 1 8 - 4 .9 5

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

52
36

4 .3 7
4 .3 4

4 .4 4
4 .3 0

3 . 9 5 - 4 .7 3
3 . 8 3 - 4 .7 9

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

46
40

4 .1 0
4 .1 4

4 .3 1

3 .8 8 -

4 .3 6

2

4.33

3.89-

4.37

“

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

82
82

4 .5 3
4 .5 3

4 .3 8
4 .3 8

4 .2 1 4 .2 1 -

5.11
5.1 1

M ACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

257
224

5 .2 2
5 .2 7

5 .2 2
5 .2 4

5 .1 2 5 .1 7 -

_

-

-

_
4
4

_
_

_

“

“

-

_

-

15
3

3
3
-

8

_

5 .2 9
5 .3 0

597
125
472
395

5 .3 5
5 .4 0
5 .3 3
5 .3 4

5 .4 4
5 .3 1
5 .4 6
5 .4 8

5 . 2 3 - 5 .5 4
5 . 1 4 - 5 .5 9
5 . 2 7 - 5 .5 4
5 .2 6 - 5 .5 5

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

514
494

5 .1 7
5 .1 7

5 .0 6
5 .0 7

4 .8 0 4 .7 8 -

56
35

5 .0 6
5 .2 3

5 .0 6
5 .3 9

4 .7 3 4 .8 3 -

5 .5 3
5 .5 6

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

76
76

5 .1 1
5 .1 1

4 .8 9
4 .8 9

4 .8 4 4 .8 4 -

131
131

5 .0 5
5 .0 5

4 .7 0
4 .7 0

4 .6 4 4 .6 4 -

5 .4 3
5.4 3

*

-

1
14

* A ll workers were at $6.80 to $7.
See footnotes at end of tables,




6

-

6

1
1

14
14
—

-

25
17

42
42

73
70
3

7
7

2
2
2
2

20
7
13

5
5
*

1
15

16
14

2

_
-

71
60

-

-

8
62
62

1
1

-

8
8

2

2
2
3
3

9
9

-

*

3
3

6
6

4
4

-

1
1

4
4

5
5

i
i

3
3

“

1
1

_

4
“

2
2
2
2

-

"

3
3

1
0
1
0

14
14

1
1

_

6
4

4
4

-

4
4

-

“
3
3

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

9
9

23
23

-

“

5
5

•

*

*

-

2
2
2
2

-

18
“

-

1
1

65
50

Ill

28
28

35
27

1
1
1
1
0
1
0

53
29
24

2
0

99
39
60
45

14
14

85
70

73
71

25

“

_

_

_

*

2
2

”

2
2

“

1
1

-

-

-

2
-

19
19
-

-

2
2
-

7
7
*

13
13
13

18
18
-

_

-

*

“

-

2
2

-

-

2

2
2

”
-

1
0
1
0
”
32
32

2

3

1
2
2
36
36

*

35
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

3

3
3

4
4

1
0

5
5

1
1
-

-

5
5

4
4

3
3

56
56

8

_

2
2

-

-

1
2
1
2
-

6
-

6
5

-

15

5 .5 3
5 .5 3

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

“

“

5 .5 6
5 .5 7

PAIN TE R S, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

-

—

o o
-e

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

-

15

2
2

4

11
1

8

_

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

*

*

_

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

“

*

•

*

-

-

-

*

•

1
1

-

-

*

*

-

1
0
1
0

43
43

32

2

30
30

2
2

126
1 26

16
16

1
0
1
0

6
6

15
15

_

-

6
6

28
28
9
9

-

•

2 96
246

17
17

*3 0
30

_

-

6
6

*

“

304

1
0
1
0

“

28
28
-

*

1
1
1
1

-

2
2

-

_

*

:

-

-

-

-

_

26
26

.

_

-

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m aterial m o v em e n t o ccupations

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in du stry d iv is io n , P o rtla n d , O r e g .- W a s h ., M a y 1972)

See footnotes at end of tables.




14
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto dial and m a te ria l m o v em e n t o c c u p a tio n s -----C o ntin u ed

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Portland, Oreg—Wash., May 1972)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

*

1 .7 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

*

*

------- i---- i-------1
------i-------1
------ i ------- 1
------ 1
------i------i-------i-------i------$
------ S
------i------ i----I ------ 1

r~

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10 2 .2 0

1 .9 0 2 ,0 0

2 .1 0

2 . 20 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0

1 .8 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

and

under
1 ,8 0

MEN -

TRUCKDRIVERS -

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

5 .4 0 5 .6 0

5 .8 0

CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

5 .1 5 -

5 .4 5

3

5 , 13

1
1

i
i
*

“

“

•

•

i
i
*

27
27
“

-

27
27

115
115

“

POWER (OTHER THAN

6
6

1
1

4

WOMEN

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS -----

501

2.86
3 *1 6

2 .9 3

2 .7 3 -

3 *1 2

2 .9 8

7

1
6




17

6
1
1

8 12
1
1
1
7
11
1

-

3*20
-

See footnotes at end of tables.

8

-

-

_

21
15
15

2* no

JAN ITO RS,

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

CONTINUED

TRUCKDR1VERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

TRUCKERS,

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

4

3

-

9

2
1

274

14
7
7

3
3
3

4
4
-

1

47
39

3

-

-

-

13

275

1

48

1

2
2
2

8

144
144
*
18
18

58
52

6

_

-

58
37

18
17

178
178
178

90
60

309
15
294

1
1

2
1

1

3
3

9
3

2
2

2
2

4
4

2
0
5

6

308
216
216

8

•
-

84

1
0

-

74

*
_

-

“

4 .4

15

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

T a b le B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o r k e rs

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women officeworkers, Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-time sa la ry4

Manufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

40

-------------------

188

72

XXX

116

Establishments having a specified minimum______________

63

26

24

37

30

_
1
6

_
1
1
1
8
2
1
_
2
1
1

1

-

-

_
1
5
3
2
8
3
1
3
1
2
1

.

3

_
1
1
1
9
2
1
_
2
1
1
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

$ 65. 00 and
$ 67. 50 and
$ 70. 00 and
$ 72. 50 and
$75. 00 and
$ 77. 50 and
$ 80. 00 and
$ 82. 50 and
$ 85. 00 and
$87. 50 and
$90.00 and
$ 92. 50 and
$95. 00 and
$97. 50 and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

67. 50--------------------------------------70. 00— . .. __ . __ ___________
72. 50 ------- --- — ___ ____ .
$ 75. 00--------------------------------------$77. 50 ..............................................
$ 80. 00-------— _ — _ ___
$ 82. 50_______ —
--- ---- --$ 85. 00--------------------------------------$ 87. 50--------------------------------------$90.00______________________________
$92. 50______________________________
$ 95. 00___
____ .
____ _______
$ 9 7 . 50------.
------- --- __
.
$ 100. 00. .
- --- — — . . _____
$

$

$

4

3
17
5
2
_
5

2

and under $ 105.00-----------------------------------and under $ 110. 00...........— ........ - ................
and under $115. 00----------------------------- - ...
and under $ 120. 00-----------------------------------and under $ 125. 00-----------------------------------and under $ 130. 00—
---------------------------------and under $ 135. 00............................................
and under $ 140. 00-----------------------------------and under $ 145. 00-----------------------------------and o v e r -------------------------------------------------

3
2
1
2
2
1
1
1
1

1
1
-

Establishments having no specified minimum----------------

26

13

XXX

13

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category------------------------------------------------------

99

33

XXX

66

100.00
$ 105. 00
$110. 00
$ 115. 00
$ 120. 00
$ 125. 00
$ 130. 00
$ 135. 00
$ 140. 00
$ 145. 00
$

See footnotes at end of tables,




1

XXX

2

40

72

XXX

116

XXX

80

28

24

52

45

1

_
1
2

_
1
2
3

1
3
2
9
3
2
9
2
2
3
1
2
2

1
2
2

3

6
3
1
3
1
2
1
1

4

1
1

5

1

A ll
schedules

40

188

3
11
7
3
15
3
2
_
7
1
3
2

3

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

Establishments studied —

Other inexperienced clerical workers
Nonmanufacturing

4

1
6
1
4

1

1

6
1
2
1

*

-

2
2
1
1
1
-

4

3
2
8

2
2
3

1
2
2

1

1
2
2
1

1

1
1
1

2
1
2
1
1
1
-

XXX

39

19

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

69

25

XXX

44

XXX

1

1

1

2

2

5

5

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

16




T a b le B - 2 .

S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

(Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Portland, O re g .—
Wash. , May 1972)
(A l^ j}l^ n tw oj-k^ £s^ jiijT T a r u i f a c t m - i n g ^ = ^ 0 £ j 3 e j r c e n t 2 _ _ ^ _ _ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ ^ ^ _ _ _ _ ^ _ ^ _ _ _ _ ^ ^ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _

Percent of manufacturing plantworkers—
Late-shift pay provision

In establishments having provisions 7
for late shifts
Second shift

T otal-------------------------------------------------

88. 2

Third or other
shift

80. 1

Actually working on late shifts
Second shift

Third or other
shift

15. 7

5. 5

No pay differential for work on late shift_____

0. 8

0. 2

0. 2

0. 1

Pay differential for work on late shift________

87. 5

79. 9

15. 5

5. 5

55. 7

48. 1

10.4

4. 8

Type and amount of differential:
Uniform cents (per hour).
5 or 7 V cents
?
10 cents______________________________
11 cents_______
12 cents
121? cents
/
131 cents
/}
._
14 cents
15 cents______________________________
16 cents .
17 cents__________________ _________
18 cents
_ _ _
19 cents
20 cents
_ _
22 cents
23 cents
24 cents..... ....
25 cents
32 cents______________________________
35 cents---------------------------------------

.9
14. 9
2. 1
10. 7
1. 3
.9
5. 5
11.4
-•

Uniform percentage---------------------------

9. 9

9.9

1.6

. 1

10 percent____________________________
15 percent____________________________

9. 9
-

1. 0
8.9

1. 6
-

.1

Full day's pay for reduced hours---------

2. 1

2. 1

-

-

Full day's pay for reduced hours plus
cents per hour--------------------------------

16. 0

16. 0

3.0

.5

.4

.4

(8)

-

3.4

3.4

Full day's pay for reduced hours plus
percent differential-------------------------Other form al pay differential-

See footnotes at end of tables,

-

_
1. 8
_
1. 4
1. 0
3. 8
-

3.4
1. 3
.9
-

14. 8
3. 2
1.4
7. 5
.3
5. 4
.8
6. 8
1.4
_

_
1. 0

(8)
2. 1
.6
2. 5
.5
.6
1. 6
1. 5
_

.3
_
.2
.1
.3

(8)
.2
.1
.9
.8
. 1
.9
.4
1. 1
.2
-

.5

.

-

17

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of first-sh ift workers, Portland, O re g .—
Wash. , May 1972)
Officeworkers

Plantworkers
Weekly hours and days
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll w orkers---------------------------------------

100

100

35 hours— 5 days__________________ .
35Vi hours- ______________________ _____ ______
5 days-----------------------------------------------5 V2 days—__________________________________
36 hours— 5 days______________________________
36V hours— 5 days----------------------------------4
37 V2 hours— 5 days ----- ----------------------------38 hours— 5 days— -------- -----------------------38 V2 hours— 5 days----------------------------------383 hours— 5 days___________________________
/i
Over 3834 and under 40 hours— 5 days--------/
40 hours-------------------------------------------------

1
4
4
1
1

_

_

_

-

18
18

_

-

_

-

_

5 da ys-----------------------------------------------Over 40 hours— 5 V2 days----------------------------

See footnote at end of tables.




(9)
1
(’ )

2

1
1
1

-

100

100

Manufacturing

_

-

_

_

_

_

2
-

_

-

_

-

_

93

95

100

80

92

94

100

80

100

100

(’ )

_
_
_

A ll industries

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
2
22

_
_

4

2
71
71
(’ )

_

5

_
_

2

Public utilities

100

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

Retail trade

100

_
_
(’ )

_
_

_

_

93

100

99

93

100

99

(9)

18

T a b le B - 4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y n u m ber of paid holid ays
p ro v id e d annually, P o rtla n d , O r e g . —W a sh . , M a y 1972)

O fficeworkers

Plantworkers
Item
A ll industries

A ll w orkers-------------------------------------- —
Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays____________________ ____________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays------------------------------------ —

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

98

95

99

100

100

99

3

1

2

5

(9)

-

-

1

3
3
15
1
1
.4
2
25
1
(9)
25
(’ )
8
(9)

_
-

_

31
2
37
1
9
-

(9)
(9)
19
2
34
(9)
23
1
1
10
H

-

2
43
29
22
-

8
2
32
48
3
2
-

(9)
2
1
_
61
_
9
_
27
-

(9)
8
34
35
62
62
76
77
92
93
94
94
94
97

10
47
49
84
84
87
89
98
99
99
99
99
99

_
22
51
51
94
94
96
96
96
98
98
98
98
98

9.7.

Number of days
1 holiday-------------------------------------------------1 holiday plus 5 half days---------------------------2, 3, or 4 holidays-----------------------------------6 holidays------------------------------------------ — —
6 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days-------------------7 holidays-----------------------------------------------7 holidays plus l f 2, or 3 half da ys------------—
8 holidays — --------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half da ys-------------------------9 holidays —------------------------------- ------------—
9 holidays plus 2 half days-------------------------10 holidays----------------- ---------------------------12 holidays-----------------------------------------------

1
9
2
3
3

2

7

(9)

18
2
8
2
28
5
34
1
4
-

(9)
32
60
_

7
_

_

-

Total holiday tim e1
0
12 Hqya
__..
■
- ________
10 days or m ore_______________________________
9 days or m o r e ________________________________
8V2 days or m ore______________________________
8 days or m ore . ____________________________
7 V2 days or m ore______________________________
7 days or m ore — -----------------------------------6 V2 days or m ore______________________________
6 days or m ore ----------------------------------4 days or m o r e ________________________________
3 days or m o r e ________________________________
Z ^ z days or m ore______________________________
2 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------1 day or m ore-------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




_

2
2
5
5
53
53
85
85
87
87
87
95

n

7
19
20
44
44
80
81
98
98
98
98
99
99

_
5
38
43
73
73
81
82
100
100
100
100
100
100

.

27
36
36
97
97
97
97
99
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_

7
7
67
67
98
98
98
99
99
99

19

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s b y vacatio n pay p r o v is io n s , P o rtla n d , O r e g . —W ash . , M a y 1972)

Officeworkers

P lantwo r ke r s
Vacation policy

A ll w orkers______________________________

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
97
3

100
97
3

100
96
4

100
97
3

99
99
(9)

100
100
.

100
99
1

100
100
_

-

-

-

-

(9)

-

-

-

6
14
1
-

8
15
1
-

30
_

5
5
_
-

2
49
4
(9)

5
23
9
1

39

5
21

-

-

76
2
20
1
2

74
1
22
_
3

80
1
_
2

87
13
_
-

32
(9)
66
(9)
1

60

60
_
40

63
_
37

3

-

-

29
3
2
2

39
5
53
1
3

34
62
1
2

8
_
92
_
-

5
1
89

2
(9)
94
2
2

2
93
1
4

_
97
1
2

2
98
-

1
n
94
2
2

2
93
1
4

n
86
2
11

84
1

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations---------------------------------------Length-of-tim e payment___________________
Percentage payment-----------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations______ __________ ______ _
Amount of vacation pav1
1
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------1 week---------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks-------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------

-

A fter 1 year of service
1 week_________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s____________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------

17

38

A fter 2 vears of service
1 week--------------------------------------------------- Over 1 and under 2 w eek s-------------------------2 w eek s-------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s-------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------

64

4

1

14

5
78
_
3

5
m
95

100

-

-

A fter 3 vears of service
1 week_________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s-------------------------2 w eeks_______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks---- ------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------

95

-

92
4
4

_
97
1
2

2
_
98
-

92
4
4

«
95
_
5

_
85
1
14

2
93

_
83
6
12

.
88
_
12

5

100
_
-

_
100
-

A fter 4 vears of service
1 week--------------------------------------------------- .
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks____________________
2 weeks — ----------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------3 w eek s_______________________________________

m

100

100

-

-

86
14

87
_
13

A fter 5 vears of service
1 week__________
___________________________
2 w eeks_______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




14

-

5

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y vacatio n pay p r o v is io n s , P o rtla n d , O r e g . —W ash . , M a y 1972)

Plantworkers

Officeworkers

Vacation policy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

77
6

95
.
-

82
.
-

4

1

18

81
7
8

99

82

Amount of vacation pav1— Continued
1
A fter 10 vears of service
2 weeks
3 w eek s----------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks------------------------------------------------------------------4 weeks —

n
20
1
72
1
4

2
28

17
1
75
1

99
1
-

-

6

68
.
2

2
28

12
(’ )
83
3
2

17

18

A fter 12 years of service
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------2 w eeks-----------------------------------------------

.

n
12
2
72
6
7

5
1
73
10
11

n
10
1

4

68

99
1

2

6
(’ )
83
7
3

A fter 15 vears of service
1 week------------------------------------------------2 w eeks-----------------------------------------------

.
52

4 w eek s-----------------------------------------------

6
28

5 w eek s-----------------------------------------------

1

1

1
51

23

-

-

6
(9)
71
5
17
n
i

2
28
12

6
n
34

3
36

1
.
3

18
27

55
(9)
4

52

93

55

9

3

55
11
27
1
2

2
28

-

48

47

3

1

18

59
7
28

69

79

30

3

3

-

-

A fter 20 vears of service

1week_______________________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s-----------------------

n

1
0
1
29
2
45
1
11
1

.
4
37
4
39
1
15

-

4
88
1
7

56
2

'
A fter 25 vears of service
1-rrk
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s-----------------------

(9)
10
1
25
1
35
5

6 w eek s________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables




19
1
2

4
31
2
28
10
22
1
2

-

2
28
•

4

9

52
1
37

56

_

5

5

6
(9)
27

3
35

1
3

50
3
14

39
10
12

43

46

51

15

1

1

3

18 .
20

21

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y vacatio n pay p r o v is io n s , P o rtla n d , O r e g . —W ash . , M a y 1972)

O fficeworkers

Plantworkers
Vacation policy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

Amount of vacation pav1— Continued
1
A fter 30 years of service
1 week------------ — ------------------------------------7 week«
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 w eek s_______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks____________________
4 w eeks-------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eeks____________________
5 weeks -____ -______________________________ __
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks____________________
6 weeks -------------------------------------------------

(’ )
10
1
25
1
35
(9)
24
1
3

_
4
31
2
28
-

30
1
4

•
4
50
1
39
5

2
28
.
9
56
.
5
.
-

_
6
(9)
27
43
(9)
23
-

1

_
3
_
35
_
39
21
2

i
_
3
_
42
52
_
3

18
.
20
_
46
_
15
-

Maximum vacation available
1 week_________________________________________
? w eek s... . .........
,
_
_ ______
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 w eeks______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks____________________
4 weeks ______________ ______________ .
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks-------------------------_____________________________________
5 weeks
Over 5 and under 6 weeks-----------------------—
6 w eeks_______________ _______..._____________
Over 6 weeks -------- ---------- ---------

See footnotes at end of tables.




n
10
1
25
1
35
(9)
19
1
3
5

_

4
31
2
28
22
1
4
9

_
_
4
50
1
39
-

5

2
28
9
_
56
5
-

_
6
(9)
27
43
(9)
22
-

1
2

_
3
.
35
_
39
_
14
2
7

1
3
_
42
_
52
-

3

18
.
20
.
46
_
15
_
-

22

T a b le B - 6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Portland, O re g .—
Wash. , May 1972)
Officeworkers

Plantworkers
Type of benefit and
financing1
2

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

------ ..

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown b elow — ---- -

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

99

10
0

99

10
0

L ife insurance------------------------------------Noncontributory plans------------------- ---Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance----------------------------------------Noncontributory plans__________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 1
3

85
64

6
6

85

8
6
55

80
61

94
62

95
76

94
48

6
0

70
52

75
56

76
56

52
34

75
41

87
67

8
6
56

56
31

85

85

82

8
8

87

8
6

99

84

Sickness and accident insurance_______
Noncontributory plans_______________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)_______ ____________ ..._

59
51

64
60

51
40

52
38

42

2
0

52
42

31
17

28
14

23

17

18

39

6
0

51

44

47

19

14

29

31

1
2

6

42

32

Long-term disability insurance___________
Noncontributory plans__________________
Hospitalization insurance
Noncontributory plans
Surgical insurance
Noncontributory plans
M edical insurance_________________________
Noncontributory plans__________________
M ajor medical insurance
Noncontributory plans______________ ...
Dental insurance________ ___ ____ _____
Noncontributory plans__________________
Retirem ent pension. _____
Noncontributory plans__________________

14
7
99
79
99
79
99
79
93
75
39
34
83
73

15
3

1
1

17
13

36
27
98
63
98
63
98
63
99
67
39
32
87
73

1
6

83
99
79
35
29
80

14
3
99
43
99
43
99
43
99
69
27
27
74

26
17
87
52
87
52
87
52
97
63
16

6
0

6
6

A ll workers

. . . .

_

---

See footnotes at end of tables,




10
0
89

10
0
89

10
0
89
94
83
44
38

8
8
79

4
98
55
98
55
98
55
98
70
46
46
78
70

10
0
6
8
10
0
6
8
10
0
6
8
92
61
23
19
73

6
1

7

10
0
83

10
0
83

10
0

82

6
83
47

23

Footnotes
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the
e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e
m o r e than th e r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than th e r a te shown.
T h e m id d le
ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
4
T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s that a r e p a id f o r sta n d a rd
w o rk w eek s.
5 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , e v e n th ough th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s th at add to the s a m e am oun t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s and no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s
th en w e r e c u m u la ted .
1 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annu,al e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t
1
t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n . F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n ge s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e
in c lu d e c h an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t io n e li g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
12 E s t im a t e s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r . " N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly th o s e p la n s fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r . E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a ted t o ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
3
l i m i t e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y th at can b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo r m a l s ic k
le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
B ILLE R , MACHINE

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, inter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Perform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerica l methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerica l processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting clerica l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerica lly processing com­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or m ore routine accounting clerica l operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number o f varied subject
matter file s. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ings or partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
cross-referen ce aids. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
wards m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards ma­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerica l and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o$ customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been fijled, keep file of orders received, ,and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PA Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for oilers and plumbers.

24

25
CO M PTOM ETER

O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed

P r i m a r y d u ty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s not to b e c o n fu s e d w ith th at o f s t a t is t ic a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c le r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
qu en t u se o f a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in w h ic h , u se o f th is m a c h in e is in c id e n ta l to p e r fo r m a n c e o f
o t h e r d u tie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a k eyp u n ch
ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s

are

m a c h in e

to

record

o r v e r ify

a lp h a b e tic

a n d / o r n u m e r ic

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in th e l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " thou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f' th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n t ify su ch p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n ts : d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f in it io n s .

data on
C la s s A

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
a ll,

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u re s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be
k eyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts . O n o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e
k eyp u n ch w o r k .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ich h a ve
b e e n c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b e e n p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e
l i t t l e o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d ata to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

a ll,
M E S S E N G E R (O f f ic e B o y o r G ir l)

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s
q u ir ie s , and ro u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v is o r 's

d.

m a in ta in s ,

R e la y s m e s s a g e s

fr o m

and r e v i s e s

th e

s u p e r v is o r 's

c a le n d a r and m a k e s

s te n o g r a p h ic

s u p e r v is o r to

file s ;

o th e r s

f o r the

N o t a l l p o s itio n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th e d e fin it io n a r e as f o llo w s :
a.

P o s it io n s

b.

s e r v in g as o f f i c e

th e

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

con cept

C

2.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h ea d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r than
abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); m2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

E x a m p le s

d e s c r ib e d

STENO G RAPH ER

S te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u tie s ;

c.
S te n o g r a p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

n ot m e e t

5.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f a la r g e and im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l
h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s

and ty p in g w o r k .

E x c lu s io n s

do

4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

1.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t
to on e o f th e s p e c ific l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l
u n it n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l s e g m e n ts w h ic h a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l
in c lu d e s a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o r

s u b o rd in a te s ;
by

3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr ia l r e l a t io n s , e t c . ) o r~ a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s :
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

C la s s

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d e rs ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

w h ic h

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

r o u tin e in ­

a p p o in tm e n ts a s in s tr u c te d ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
P e r fo r m s

o f a m a jo r

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r th an 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s : o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s such as ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is tr ib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s itio n s th a t r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

f.

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

above;

P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u s in g sh o rth a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e th e d ic ta tio n . M a y
a ls o ty p e fr o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r i m a r y d u ty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e ro u tin e o r su b­
s t a n t ia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S te n o g r a p h e r , G e n e r a l

e.
A s s is t a n t ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f
s e c r e ta r ia l w ork .




D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

26
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
or

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in l e g a l b r ie f s
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n ­
s i b ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h igh
d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y : a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e : and o f th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and
ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s ,, e tc .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d les
c o m p le x c a lls , such a s c o n fe r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n to
d o in g ro u tin e w o r k as d e s c r ib e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d i l y u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ic h e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a lls . M a y h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M a y p e r f o r m li m i t e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s ts a r e r o u tin e , e . g . , g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e rs w hen
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r . )
T h e s e c la s s if ic a t io n s do not in c lu d e
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a lls .

s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s who

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s it io n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l W o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s such as th e t a b u la to r , c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g pu nch, e t c . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts in c lu d in g d e v is in g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu re and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t io n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ic h w ir in g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c if ic in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts
o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch a s th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n t o th e s im p le r m a c h in e s
u sed b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c if ic in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g
m a c h in e s su ch as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR, GENERAL

P r i m a r y du ty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic ta tio n
in s h o rth a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
tio n s h a v e b een m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , fi l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s ,

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e ou t b ills a f t e r c a lc u la ­
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l t r a in in g , such
o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tion , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y
and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e fo r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
C o p y ty p in g f r o m rou gh o r c le a r
d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; o r s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a rd
ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER

O PERATO R

CO M PU TER

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s t r u c t io n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to c ir c u it , and s ta r ts
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p ro g ra m .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s

a re c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly te s t e d
and in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ;
th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so th a t id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s is ; t h e r e is l i t t l e o r no t e s t in g




O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a jo r c h a n g e o r ca n n o t be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b le t im e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u s in g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g d if f ic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d in s tr u c tio n s and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C .
W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and a b ilit y to d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
CO M PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data
p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u la tio n

27
CO M PUTER

PROGRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

CO M PUTER

o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d f lo w c h a r ts to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d ata w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d ap t to n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g r a m in g sh ou ld b e c la s s i f i e d a s s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific
a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p rogra m ers

are

c la s s i f i e d

as f o llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W o r k in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p la n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .
A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m in g is d if f ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m n u m e ro u s and d i v e r s e d ata e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ic h ca n be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to d a ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n ts
to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e l a t i v e l y s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p ro d u c e d a ta in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r ts
and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r
d e le tio n s f r o m in pu t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so th a t th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g
o f d a ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d e r c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if f ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly
le a r n e d in lo r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e i v e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
CO M PUTER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic
d a ta p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
t o a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e t a il fo r
p r e s e n t a t io n t o m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and
d a ta f lo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru ns o f
n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g sh ou ld be c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in pu t d a ta and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d
p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich




S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h the fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u te r.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a ­
t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r ch a n ges and f o r o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank,
m a in ta in in g a cc o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c co u n ts
in a m a n u fa c tu r in g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f the
d ata p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d ata p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and exp a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e su p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n ts th at r e q u ir e th e a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r sh a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s ,
s tr e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o rk m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is tin g o f s t r a ig h t lin e s and a l a r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a t io n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC

r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .

W o rk is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f th e fo llo w in g o p e r a t io n s : M o d ify in g , in s t a llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a tio n s
r e q u ir e th e p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f th e fo llo w in g ta s k s :
A s s e m b lin g , te s t in g , a d ju s tin g ,
c a lib r a t in g , tu n in g, and a lin in g .
W o r k is n o n r e p e t it iv e and r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p e r ta in in g to th e u se o f g e n e r a l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic t e s t e q u ip m e n t; t r o u b le a n a ly s is ; and
th e o p e r a tio n , r e la t io n s h ip , and a lin e m e n t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s h a v in g
a v a r ie ty o f com ponent p a rts .

28
E L E C T R O N IC

T E C H N I C I A N — C on tin u ed

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L (R e g i s t e r e d )

E le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
G ro u n d , v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a tio n a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r g ro u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n tr a n s m it t in g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u te r s ; m i s s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft g u id a n c e and c o n t r o l s y s te m s ; in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ic a tin g and c o n t r o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc .
(E x c lu d e p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f such s ta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t as o f f i c e m a c h in e s , r a d io and t e le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s . )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l. N u r s in g s u p e r v is o r s
o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A I N T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild ­
in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t su ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; u s in g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k ­
in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n e w p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n
in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g s ta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ;
sh ap in g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o r k ;
and fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s such a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : In s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and t e s tin g
in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T I O N A R Y
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f s t a tio n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
such as s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g and r e f r i g ­
e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a ls o su ­
p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and
c h eck s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c if ic
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k the
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d
to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s
h e is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a t r a d e th at a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e t o o ls , such a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
For
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T I V E

(M a in te n a n c e )

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f such h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r
d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s
and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

m o b ile

T h is c la s s if ic a t io n
r e p a i r sh op s.

d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir

c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to ­

M E C H A N IC , M A I N T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m in g r e p a ir s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r ts w ith it e m s ob ta in e d
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh op o r se n d in g o f the
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h en ch a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f
m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o ls ,
e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t such as d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s
th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il

29
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L

h o le s and in t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e
m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls
in c u ttin g , b en d in g , fo r m in g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s t a lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e
p o s it io n o f p ip e fr o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f it t e r r e q u ir e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n
o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , i n s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s
(s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u c ts , m e t a l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll
ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e ttin g

TO O L AND

D IE M A K E R

(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , jig s , ' f ix t u r e s o r d ie s fo r fo rg in g s -,
p u n ch in g, and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
sta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,
sh op s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l

and d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — C o n tin u ed

W ATCH M AN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k
on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e : c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g
id e n t ify in g d a ta on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r i o d i c a l l y
th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E IV IN G

in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n it r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L

s ta c k e r ;

s h e lv e r ;

tru c k e r;

s to c k m a n

or

s to c k h e lp e r ;

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r t in g d e v ic e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d sh ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

s to c k s e le c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s it io n a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a in e r s , th e s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon th e ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r
o f u n its to be p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u ir e s
th e p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e

w ork ers

are

c la s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

c le r k

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s: M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n ts , fr e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n load tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be r a te d on th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (l'/ z to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ty p e )
TRU CKER,

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G




stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

T R U C K D R IV E R

f o llo w s :

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p ic k e r ;

F o r w age

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g

H A N D L IN G

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r and
w a r e h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g
a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m en ts
a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

POW ER

O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

are

c la s s ifie d

b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

a s fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile su p p lies la s t fr o m any o f the B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A m a r illo , T e x .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u gu sta, G a —S.C .
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r id g e p o r t, N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C h a rle s to n , S.C .
C la r k s v ille , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y .
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s , C o lo .
C olu m b ia, S.C .
C olum bus, Ga.—A la .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is .
S
D urham , N .C .
E l Paso, T ex.
E u gen e, O r e g .
F a r g o — o o rh ea d , N . Dak.—M inn.
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s te r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d.—P a - W . V a.
H
G re a t F a lls , M on t.
G r e e n s b o ro —W in ston S a le m -H ig h P o in t, N .C .
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
H u n ts v ille , A la .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

C o p ie s o f pu b lic r e le a s e s a r e

L ared o , T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L e x in g to n , K y .
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d.—V a .
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E sca n ab a, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N ew London— r o to n -N o r w ic h , Conn.
G
N o r th e a s te r n M ain e
O gden, Utah
O rla n d o, F la .
O xn ard— en tu ra , C a lif.
V
P an a m a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o rts m o u th , N.H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R en o, N e v .
S a cra m en to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a r a , C a lif.
S h re v e p o r t, L a .
S p r in g fie ld -C h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s —Conn.
H
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T op ek a , K an s.
T u cson , A r i z .
V a lle jo — apa, C a lif.
N
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D el.—N . J —M d.

T he tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r accountants, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a lys ts , d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l,
b u y e r s , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n icia n s , d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N a tion a l
S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cen ts a cop y, fr o m the S u perinten den t of
D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash ington , D .C ., 20402, o r any o f its re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s .




☆

U . S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1 9 7 2 — 7 4 6 -1 8 4 /2 7

A re a W a g e S u rv ey s
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y o f a re a w age studies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the req u e s t
o f the E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lletin s m a y be p u rch ased fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r fr o m any o f the B L S re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, July 1971 1 -------------------------------------------Albany^-Schenectady—T r o y , N .Y ., M a r . 1972____________
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1972 1 ______________________
A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a.—N .J ., M a y l9 7 2 * __
A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1972 1-------------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1971________________________________
B eaum ont— o r t A r th u r-O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1972_______
P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1971 1____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1971______________________________
B oston, M a s s ., A u g. 1971__________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1971____________ _____ __________________
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1971_________________________________
Canton, O hio, M a y 1972 1 __________________________________
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., M a r . 1972 1_________________________
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1972 * _______________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1971______________________
C h ic a g o , III., June 1971 1 ______________. __________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—Ind., F e b . 1972____________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1971_______________________________
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1971________________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1971____________________________________
D aven p ort—R ock Islan d — o lin e , Iowa—111., F e b . 1972 L .
M
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1971 1__________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1972 1___________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., F e b . 1972__________________________________
D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1 ________________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm
B ea ch , F la . , A p r . 1972 1-----------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1971______________________________
G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1971---------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972------------------------------------ ---Houston, T e x ., A p r . 1972------------------------------------------H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b r u a r y 1972 1 ________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1971______________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1971_____________________________
K ansas C ity , M o —K a n s ., Sept. 1971--------------------------L a w r e n c e - H a v e r h ill, M a s s —N .H ., June 1972 1----------L it t le Rock—N orth L it t le R ock , A r k ., July 1971_______
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B each and A n aheim —Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif., M a r . 1972________________________
L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1971 1 ------------------------------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1 _______________________________
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1971-------------------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k ., N o v . 1971 1_______________________
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1971____________ ________________________
M idland and O d essa, T e x ., Jan. 1972 1__________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972 1 _____________________________

 ata on establishm ent
1 D


B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40 cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
45cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30 cents
40cents
45 cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
70 cents
35cents
40 cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
40 cents
30cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1725-3,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1725-81,
1725-4,

35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30 cents
35cents
35cents
30cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1725-83,

45cents
35 cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
45cents

p ractices and supplem entary w a ge provisions are also presented.

A rea
M in n ea p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1972 1____________ ____
M u skegon— u skegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1 9721 .. ----M
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1__________ ____
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 ________________________ ......
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1972__________________________ ......
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1971____________________________ ----N o r fo lk —P o rts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1972_____________________________ ____
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1971 1______ _____________ ......
Om aha, N e b r.—Iow a, Sept. 1971 1 _____________________ ......
P a te r s o n — lift o n - P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 1 ______ ____
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a.—N .J ., N o v . 1971 1__________________ ......
P h o en ix , A r i z ., June 1971_____________________________ ......
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1972_____________________________ ____
P o rtla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1971 1 _________________________ ____
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M ay 1972 1 _________________ ----P o u g h k e e p s ie -K in g s to n —N e w b u rg h ,
N .Y . , June 1972 1______________________________________ ____
P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu ck et—W a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s .,
M a y 1972________________________________________________ ____
R a le ig h , N .C ., A u g. 1971_______________________________ ____
R ich m on d , V a ., M a r . 1972 1___________________________ ____
R o c h e s te r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu p ation s o n ly ), July 1971 1__
R o c k fo r d , I I I . , June 1972 1_____________________________ ......
St. L o u is , M o - I I I . , M a r . 1972____________ ___________ _ ----Salt L a k e C ity , Utah, N o v . 1971_______________________ ___
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972___________ _______________ ___
San B e rn a rd in o —R iv e r s id e —O n ta rio , C a lif.,
D e c . 1971________________________________________________ ___
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1971 1 ________________________ ......
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., O ct. 1971 1...... ........ ___
San J ose, C a lif., M a r . 1972____________________________ ---Savannah, Ga., M a y 1972 1_____________________________ ----S cranton, P a ., July 1971_______________________________ ____
S ea ttle—E v e r e tt, W ash., Jan. 1972____________________
Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., D ec. 1971_______________________ ___
South Bend, Ind., M ay 1972 1___________________________
.
Spokane, W ash ., June 1971____________________________ .....
S y ra c u s e , N .Y ., July 1971 1 ___________________________ ___
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., N ov. 1971 1 ___________ ......
T o le d o , Ohio— ic h ., A p r . 1972 1______________________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1971_1____________________________ ___
Utica—R o m e , N .Y ., July 1971 1 ________________________ ......
W ashington, D .C .—M d.—V a ., A p r . 1971_______________ ____
W a te rb u ry , Conn., M a r . 1972 1________________________ ......
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N o v . 1971_____________________________ ____
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1972 1____________________________ ----W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M a y 1972 1_____________________ . __ .....
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1972 1__________________________ ________ .....
Y o u n g s to w n -W a rre n , O hio, N o v . 1971 1______________ ....-

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50
35
50
35
30
65

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30
35
35
40
50
30
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1725-5,
1725-72,
1725-7,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,

30
30
35
35
35
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1725-78,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30
35
50
30
35
30
30
25
35
30
35
35
35
30
35
40
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

F IR S T

CLASS

M A IL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

WASHINGTON, O.C. 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E USE, $30 0