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n t j'- t *

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area,
November 1973
Bulletin 1795-6




Dayton

& Montgomery Co.

Public Library

MAY 1 5 1 9 7 4
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
...Bureau of Labor Statistics




ANNOUNCEM ENT
B egin n in g w ith the 1795 s e r ie s , A r e a W a ge S u rveys w i l l be
is s u e d as b u lletin s (f o r s a le ) on ly e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h e s e b u lletin s
w i l l con tain in fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry
b e n e fits as w e ll as e a rn in g s .
In the in t e r im y e a r s , supplem ents
con tainin g data on ea rn in g s on ly w ill be iss u e d f r e e .
Su pplem ents can
be ob tain ed fr o m B LS R e g io n a l O ffic e s lis t e d on the back c o v e r o f
th is p u b lication .

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s re s u lts o f a N o v e m b e r 1973 s u r v e y o f occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and su p p lem e n ta ry w age b e n e fits in the P o r tla n d , M a in e , Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a (c it ie s o f P o r tla n d , South P o r tla n d , and W e s tb ro o k ; and the towns o f C ape E liz a b e th ,
C u m b erlan d , F a lm o u th , G orh a m , S c a rb o ro u g h , and Y a rm o u th in C u m b erlan d C oun ty).
The
s u r v e y w as m ade as p a r t o f the B ureau o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e sig n e d to y ie ld data fo r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion a l
and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s f o r a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the U nited S ta tes,
exclu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to d e s c r ib e
the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , th rou gh the a n a ly s is o f
(1 ) the l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s by occu p atio n , and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by
o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
Th e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed
fo r m any p u rp o s e s , inclu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and
a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rv e y re s u lts a ls o a r e u sed by the U.S. D ep artm en t
o f L a b o r to m ake w age d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u rr e n tly , 94 a re a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l is t o f a r e a s on in sid e back
c o v e r.)
In each a r e a , occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s data a r e c o lle c te d an nually.
In fo rm a tio n on
e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits , c o lle c te d e v e r y second y e a r in
the p a s t, is now ob tained e v e r y th ird y e a r .
R e s u lts o f the next tw o annual s u r v e y s , p ro v id in g
e arn in gs data o n ly , w ill be is s u e d as f r e e su p p lem en ts to th is b u lle tin .
T h e supplem ents
m a y be ob tain ed f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ff ic e s . (S ee b ack c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)
E ach y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u rv e y s h a ve b een c o m p le te d , tw o s u m m a ry
b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data fo r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u rv e y e d .
Th e secon d s u m m a ry b u lle tin p re s e n ts n a tion al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c te d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.
T h e P o r tla n d s u r v e y w as condu cted by the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in B oston , M a s s .,
under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f P a u l V . M u lk e rn , A s s o c ia te A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r
O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y cou ld not h ave b een a c c o m p lis h e d without the c o o p e ra tio n o f the
m an y fir m s w h ose w age and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is fo r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n
in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n
r e c e iv e d .

Note:
s e le c te d
o ff ic e s .

A ls o a v a ila b le fo r the P o r tla n d a r e a a r e lis tin g s o f union w a g e r a te s fo r s e ve n
b u ild in g tr a d e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th es e a r e a v a ila b le fr o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l
(S e e b ack c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

A R EA W AU 3E b U R V EY
n t A WA G t S K V t Y

Bulletin 1795 6
1795-6

^

March 1974
March 1974

ngn

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O F , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
OR

h rtJ

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius S hiskin, Commissioner

P o rtla n d , M a in e , M e tro p o lita n A re a , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 3
CONTENTS
Page
2 In trod u c tio n

T a b le s :
A.

E a r n in g s :
A - l.
W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o ffic e w o r k e r s
W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s
A -2 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f o f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , by sex
A -3 .
H o u r ly e a rn in g s o f m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s
A -4 .
H o u r ly e a rn in g s o f c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s
A -5 .
A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f m a in te n a n c e , p o w e rp la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , by se x
A -6 .
In d exes o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d oc c u p a tio n a l g rou p s and p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A -7 .
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d oc c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju sted fo r e m p lo y m e n t sh ifts
A -8 .

B.

E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l.
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c le r k s
L a t e - s h ift pay p r o v is io n s fo r m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s
B -2 .
Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s
B -3 .
B -4 .
An nual p aid h o lid a ys
B -4 a . Id e n tific a tio n o f m a jo r p aid h o lid a y s
P a id v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s
B -5 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plan p r o v is io n s
B -6 .

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15
16
18

21 A p p e n d ix A .
25 A p p e n d ix B .

Scope and m eth od o f s u r v e y
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s




F o r m I« b y th a S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 , G P O B o o k s t o r e s , o r
B L S R e g io n a l O f f ic e s lis te d o n b a c k c o v e r . P r ic e 6 5 c e n ts . M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le t o S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s .

1

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ich the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s condu cts s u rv e y s o f occu p atio n al ea rn in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e obtained
by p e rs o n a l v is its o f B u reau f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p ublic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tra d e ; fin a n c e, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u s try
grou p s exclu d ed fr o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the
co n stru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m en ts h avin g fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d nu m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b ecau se o f in s u ffic ie n t
em p lo ym e n t in the occu p ation s stu died. S e p arate tab u lation s a re p ro v id e d
f o r each o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lication c r it e r ia .

plant w o r k e r s .
Th e f i r s t o f th e s e , ta b le A - 7 , m e a s u re s changes in
a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f the fo u r o c c u p a tio n a l grou ps o v e r tim e .
W h ere
p o s s ib le , data a re p re s e n te d fo r a ll in d u s trie s and m an u factu rin g.
T a b le A - 8 p re s e n ts an oth er m e a s u re o f w a g e m o v e m e n ts . The p e rc e n ts
o f change r e p o r te d fo r the o c c u p a tio n a l grou p s a re com puted to e lim in a te
chan ges in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s cau sed by e m p lo ym en t sh ifts am ong e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f es ta b lis h m en ts inclu d ed in s u rve y
s a m p le s . W h ere p o s s ib le , data a ls o a re p re s e n te d fo r nonm anu facturing.
A p p en d ix A d is c u s s e s m o r e fu lly d iffe r e n c e s b etw een th ese ta b le s .
B - s e r ie s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p re s e n t in fo rm a tio n on m in im u m en tran ce
s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s ; la t e - s h ift pay p r o v is io n s and p r a c t ic e s fo r
plant w o r k e r s in m an u factu rin g; and data s e p a ra te ly fo r plant and o ffic e
w o r k e r s on scheduled w e e k ly hours and days o f f i r s t - s h ift w o r k e r s ; paid
h o lid a ys ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and health, in s u ra n ce , and p ension p lan s.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - l th rou gh A - 6 p ro v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly o r w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p ation s com m on to a
v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n onm anu factu rin g in d u s trie s .
O ccupation s
w e r e s e le c te d fr o m the fo llo w in g c a t e g o r ie s : (a ) O ffic e c le r ic a l, (b ) p r o ­
fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l, (c ) m ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t, and (d ) cu stod ia l
and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.
In the 22 la r g e s t s u rv e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a
th rou gh A - 6 a p r o v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m en ts e m p lo y in g 500
w o rk ers or m o re.

A p p en d ixes
T h is b u lle tin has tw o ap p en d ixes.
A p p en d ix A d e s c r ib e s the
m eth od s and con cep ts used in the a r e a w age s u rv e y p ro g r a m and p ro v id e s
in fo rm a tio n on the scope o f the a r e a s u rv e y .
It a ls o p ro v id e s i n f o r ­
m a tion on la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e . A p p e n d ix B p ro v id e s
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s used b y B u reau f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to c la s s ify w o r k e r s in
occu p ation s fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d .

F o llo w in g the occu p a tio n a l w age ta b le s a re tw o ta b le s p ro v id in g
in d e x e s and p e rc e n ts o f change in a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l
w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s , s k ille d m ain ten an ce w o r k e r s , and u n sk illed




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Maine, November 1973
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—
Number

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

f
weekly
hours *
(standard

Mean

*

Median

*

Middle ranged

S

•
70

75

s

*
80

85

S

$
90

95

s

t
100

105

$
no

$
115

s
120

S

*
125

130

1

$

*
135

140

150

t

%
160

170

t
180

t
190

and
under

200
and

75

80

85

90

95

100

9
9

1
1

4
3

6
3

-

1
1

6
6

3
*

2
2

1
1
-

-

105

no

115

-

6
6

-

10
9

5
5

9
8

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200 o v e r

MEN AND WOMEN CO MB I N E D
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! -----------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

29
23

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

$
9 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

$
9 1 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

$
$
7 9 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0

“

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---- ----- -------

36
31

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0

-

“

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

142
123
63

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

1
1
-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

362
68
296

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0

I

27

-

-

1

27

24
24

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

84
80

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

8 1 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

47
47

12
12

CLERKS, OROER ------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

89
82

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

*

5
5

-

PAYROLL ----------------------------------

58
23
35

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 - 1 3 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

95
15
80

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0

6
6

18
18

7
7

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70
53

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0

.

-

_

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSINONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --- — ------------

31
29

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0

4
4

SECRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

238
58
180
26

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------

15

3 7 .5

1 5 9 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

C LER KS.

MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

7 2 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 -

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70
64

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

80
19
61

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 7 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

73
32
41

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

88
82

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 9 .5 0

9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




_

-

-

-

10
9
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

“

-

11
9
-

6
5
-

39
32
24

40
38
34

-

-

2
-

4
3
1

3
3
1

4
4
2

15
9
6

16
2
14

29
29

-

-

“

-

2
2

16
16

11
11

2

-

-

*

5
5
“

3
3
*

*

1
“

12
10

*
27
1
26

17
1
16

20
4
16

43
7
36

30
6
24

9
4
5

16
6
10

19
7
12

29
19
10

n
2
9

18
18

2
1

1
*

2
2

-

-

1

1

-

1
1

5
5

3
3

6
6

-

7
7

3
3

37
37

6
6

10
3

-

-

.

-

-

6
6

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

11
5
6

9
5
4

11
2
9

1
1
*

6
2
4

2
2

2
2

1
1

1
i
-

1
i

3
i
2

2

4

i
i

-

-

-

-

3

2
2

i
i

8
8

10
10

8
2
6

3
2
1

4
i
3

7
7

5
4

i
i
-

1
1
-

_

-

_

i

4
4
-

“

3
3

14
10

17
10

13
9

7
6

14
13

*

2
2

1
1

2
2

4
4

4
4

4
4

6
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

“

*

5
5

i
i
-

22
2
20
“

14
l
13
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

.

-

“

“

*

*

*

-

-

-

.

-

.

*

“

*

“

-

-

12
2
10

5
5

i
i
16
16

.

.

*

*

_

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

*

*

.

12
12

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

_
-

-

-

-

10
10

4
4

-

-

“

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

11
3
8
2

8
2
6
*

19
6
13
“

27
4
23
2

47
12
35
2

15
6
9
-

29
12
17
3

14
5
9
-

9
4
5
2

5
1
4
-

2

8

-

-

2
2

8
8

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

3

i

-

1

1

-

1
1

1
1

11
11

20
19

8
8

n
n

7
4

1
-

i
-

.

*

1
1

7
7

1
1

5
5

2
2

6
1
5

11
11

10
10

14
1
13

1
1

12
10
2

3
2
1

4
3
1

_

-

.

•

-

*

-

-

-

-

10
10

9
1
8

8
3
5

1
1

7
6
i

6
4
2

13
10
3

6
6
“

1
1
-

-

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

5
2

9
9

6
6

13
11

5
5

9
8

3
3

1
1

2
2

_

.

-

-

3
3

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Maine, November 1973— Continued
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—

O ccu p a tio n

and

in d u stry

d ivis io n

Number
of
workere

weekly
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

*

%

%
85

80

75

70

(standard)

*

*

(

%
95

90

100

t

t

s

t

»

n o

105

120

115

$

$
125

130

*
135

$

S
160

150

t
160

*

$
170

180

*
190

and

200

and

under
80

MEN

ANO

85

-

-

9

-

3

75

90

9

*

100

95

n o

105

120

115

125

130

135

160

150

170

200

180

190

“

160

3

“

2
2

1
1

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED
$

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

$

$

$

25

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

30

6 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0

101.00

8 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

26

6 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0

9 9 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

*

6
6

75

3 9 .0

102.00

1 0 3 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

3

16

6 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

-

59

3 8 .5

9 9 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

1
1

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

21

2
2

-

-

23

3 7 .5

1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

-

23

3 7 .5

1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

-

-

215

3 7 .0

8 7 .5 0

8 3 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0

26

50

69

212

3 7 .0

8 7 .5 0

8 3 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0

26

50

1
1

i

49

i

1
1
1
1

1
1

-

2
2

3

3

7

3

3

7

1
1
1
10

2
2

l
l

16

9

2

5

2
7

7

6
6

3
3

22

-

3

“

1

1

2

1

1

9

“

1
1

-r.

-

15

1
1

1
~

9

2
2

2
2

-

i
15

-

1

i

22
22

26

-

“

1
1

3

2

8
2
6

-

9

2

2

3

-

7

5

1
1

3

3

-

7

l
l

1
1

3

1 .
1
10

.

1
1

3

*
-

-

*

*

-

“

“

”

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

1
1

*

*

*

-

-

6
6

-

-

*
-

-

'

See

fo o t n o t e s

at e n d o f t a b le s .

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Portland, Maine, November 1973
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
O ccu p a tio n

and

in d u stry d ivis io n

wcrkcn

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of ---t

%

Avrnpp
weekly

90
Median ^

(standard)

Middle ranged

S

95

%

%

100

105

s

$

%

115

n o

120

125

$

130

S

160

*

150

$

160

»

170

t

180

%

190

»

200

%

210

*

$

220

230

»

260

and
under

250
and

95

100

105

-

-

115

120

“

n o

3
3

i
i

160

150

1

6
6

130

*

125

6
5

11
9

8
6

6
6

-

160

170

180

190

200

210

2

-

-

-

-

22 0

230

260

250 o v e r

HEN ANO WOMEN C O M BINED
COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

N O N M A N U E A C T U R IN G

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

N O N M A N U E A C T U R IN G

COMPUTER

B

-

------------------------

CLASS

C

-

------------------------

28
21

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

$
$
1 3 9 .5 0 1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0

$
$
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 6 6 .5 0

-

30
26

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0

2
2

29

3 8 .5

2 0 3 .0 0

2 0 2 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 1 7 .5 0

-

-

2
2

6
5

-

i

1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

*

3
3

6

-

6

9

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

1
1

-

-

“

PROGRAMMERS,

B U SIN E SS,

COM PUTER

CLASS

CLASS

8

---------------------------

2

-

3

2

PROGRAMMERS,

B U SIN E S S ,

CLASS

C

---------------------------

20

3 8 .5

1 6 7 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

3

3

6

2

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

B

---------------------------

25
18

6 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 7 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0 - 1 7 6 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0 - 1 8 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

5

6
6

4
4

2

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M A N U F A C TU R IN G

See footn otes

--------------------------------

at end o f ta b les.




4

2

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Portland, Maine, November 1973
Average

Average

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

O F FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S - HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

26
21

$
60.5 163.50
61.0 166.00

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------

29

39.5 160.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) -----NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ------------

25
23

39.0 110.00
39.5 110.50

29
23

38.5
38.0

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

36

31

39.0 100.00
38.5 100.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --NO NMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

116
102
59

39.0 161.00
38.5 161.50
38.5 156.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --MA NUFACTURING ---------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

330
66
266

39.0 110.50
39.5 119.50
38.5 108.50

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

95.00
92.50

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ---- --------MA NUFACTURING -----------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------

53
23
30

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MA NU FACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

95
15
80
69
53

SECRETARIES -----------------MA NUFACTURING -----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

238
58
180
26

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----

15

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

70
66

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----MA NU FACTURING -----------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------

80
19
61
73
32
61

39.0 1 1 1 . 0 0 ST EN OGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------39.0 110.50
39.0 111.00
SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ---NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------38.0 108.00
60.0 125.00
38.0 106.50 SW ITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------39.0 101.00
38.5 102.00
TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
38.5 132.00 GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------39.0 135.50
38.5 131.00
39.5 155.50 TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------37.5 159.50
PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
38.5 163.50
38.5 162.50
CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS 8 --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------38.5 127.00
39.5 163.00
38.5 121.50 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------39.0 121.50
39.0 127.50 CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 -----------------38.5 117.00

88
82

38.0 110.00 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------37.5 110.00

84
so

37.0
37.0

77.50
76.00

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

60
59

37.5 112.50
37.5 112.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

See footn ote at end o f ta b le s .

5

Weekly
standard)

$

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S WOMEN— CO NT IN UE D

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO ME N— CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----MA NU FACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------




Number
of
workers

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -------------

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

25
21

$
39.5 131.50
39.0 128.00

30
26

60.0 107.50
60.0 103.00

75
16
59

39.0 102.00
60.0 111.50
38.5
99.50

23
23

37.5 106.50
37.5 106.50

215
212

37.0
37.0

87.50
87.50

21
16

38.5 163.00
38.0 160.00

25
22

39.0 123.50
39.0 123.50

19

39.0 211.00

25
18

60.0 157.00
39.5 166.50

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Portland, Maine, November 1973
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of —

Hourly earnings3

S
S
S
*
S
S
s
$
*
»
$
S
s
$
S
t
s
t
S
S
S
S
*
3.20 3. 30 3.AO 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 A . 00 A. 10 A . 20 A. 30 A.A0 4. 50 A. 60 4 . 70 A. 80 4. 90 5.00 5.20 5.AO 5.60 5.80

Number

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

3.30 3. A0 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 A . 00 A . 10 A . 20 A . 30 A . A0 A . 50 A. 6Q A . 70 A. 8Q A. 90 5, 00 5.20 5.A0 5,60 5.80 o v e r

MEN 4ND WOMEN C O MB IN ED
ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

25
21

HELPERS,

$
A . 36
A. 15

$
A. 08
A. 05

$
$
3.95- A.85
3.89- A.15

-

-

-

18

3.51

3.5A

3.28- 3.59

6

-

-

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

15
15

A.3A
A.3A

A. 19
A. 19

3.50- A.68
3.50- A.68

-

-

A
4

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ! ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

122
32
90
76

A . 51
A . 25
A . 61
A . 82

A.A5
A. 33
A . 75
A . 87

3.69A . 013.68A . 1A-

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

77
59

A.1A
A . 16

A. 19

3.78- A.A1
3.75- A.A7

MAINTENANCE

TRADES

A . 22

5.16
A.50
5.57
5.62

5

1
1

8
8

3
3

*

*

-

1
1

-

-

_

~

5
5

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

“

A
4

*

”

9
-

2
2

5

-

-

*

*

“

*

13
13

6

7
7

3
3

—

”

-

5

-

-

8
A
A

-

“

-

1
1

-

-

2

5
5

17
12

A

-

-

-

7

15
15

17

7

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s . '




A

A

-

2
2

-

2
2

9

-

.

“

6

A

2

*

4
-

*

9
9

12

-

A
A

5

5
5

-

-

6

3

i

-

-

5
5

3
3

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

5
5

1

-

-

-

1
1

_

"
10
2
8
8

1
1

_

*

1
1

-

"

“

10

19

_

-

-

10
10

19

-

19

”

-

-

-

6

3

-

3

6
6

-

1
1

-

“

2
2

3

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Portland, Maine, November 1973
3
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of—
H ourly earnings

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

----- 1
------1
------ *------1
------- i------ %------ *------ i------ i ------- *----- *------i ------ i------ *------ »------ i ------i------ I-------i ------i —
1------ i ------ $

Number
of

1.80 2.00
Mean

2

M e d ia n

2

M id d le range

2

and
under

_

2 . 2 0 2 . AO 2 . 6 0
_

_

_

2.80 3.00
_

2 . 0 0 2 . 2 0 2 . AO 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0

_

_

3.20 3.AO 3.60
_

_

3.80 A . 00 A. 20

_

3.00

3.20

3 . AO

3.60

_

_

_

_

A . A O A . 60
_

_

A . 80 9.00
_

_

3 . 2 0 5.A O 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0
_

_

_

6.00 6.20

_

_

_

3 . 8 0 A . 00 A . 2 0 A . A O A . 6 0 A . 80 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 3. A O 3 . 6 0 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0

6 . AO

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------

25A
159
95
3A

$
3 .0 0
3 .0 6
2 .9 0
3 .6 7

$
3 .1 0
3 . 13
2.A 9
3 .5 5

$
$
2 .3 1 - 3 .5 5
2 .7 2 - 3 .3 9
2 .2 5 - 3 .5 9
3 .1 7 - A . 29

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

A90
161
329

3 .1 7
2 .7 A
3 .3 8

3.1 A
2 .9 1
3 .8 0

2 .2 9 2 .2 6 2 .3 A -

3 .8 A
3 .1 5
3 .8 7

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

365
30A

3 .6 3
3 .6 0

3 .8 5
3 .8 3

3 .3 A 3 .3 A -

A . 03
3 .9 0

-

PACKERS, SH IPPIN G ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

117
81
36

2 .7 6
2 .7 2
2 .8 5

2 .8 1
2 .8 2
2 .6 9

2 .6 2 2 .6 1 2 .6 3 -

2 .9 0
2 .8 8
3 .2 3

_

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

68
61

3 .2 2
3 .2 3

3 .2 6
3 .2 6

2 .7 5 2 .7 A -

A .0 2
A .0 3

6
6

SH IPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----- ---------------------

37
29

3 .6 6
3 .5 8

3 .5 6
3 .5 2

3 .3 7 3 .3 5 -

A . 03
3 .8 9

_

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

36
28

3 .0 5
3 .1 A

2 .9 8
3 .1 5

2 .5 7 2 .5 8 -

3 .6 8
3 .7 A

TRUCKORI VERS
-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

667
126
5A1
292

A . 25
3 .3 1
A .A 7
5 .2 6

3 .5 6
3 .3 9
A . 25
6 .2 2

3 .2 3 3 .3 2 3 .2 3 3 .2 8 -

6 .2 1
3.A 7
6 .2 3
6 .2 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

7
-

7
-

-

-

37
26
11
“

33
9
2A
-

13
3
10
1

7
6
1
-

2A
21
3
3

50
A3
7
7

IA
12
2
2

9
2
7
7

80
23
57

75
38
37

18
6
12

8
8
-

28
20
8

67
51
16

30
8
22

8

1

7
5

6
5

-

15
10

19
18

66
66

_

-

-

18
15

-

1
1
“

1A
13
1

9
5
4

31
16
15

A5
38
7

5
5
-

12
3
9

3
3

1
-

10
9

5
5

5
A

1A
13

A
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

*

-

1
1

-

13
13

7
5

9
9

4
i

3
2

3
3

1
1

A
A .

e

-

“

37
27
10
1

A
A

8

1

129

-

-

129

25
7
18

-

12A
117

102
60

-

-

20
20

2
*

4
A

6
6

A

5
5

2
2

1
1

1

-

-

“

1A
3
11
11

3
-

-

_

A2

-

-

60
u

10

-

-

8

6
2

-

A2

49

10
“

-

4

159
A5
UA

“

95

2

-

i

1

155
A2
113
95

3A
3A

1
1

2

2

1
1

96

-

-

-

-

92

“

*

2 .2 9 -

3.A 3

A87
90
397
263

A . 62
3 .3 9
A . 90
5 .1 8

A . 25
3 .3 9
A . 29
6 .2 2

3 .3 0 3 .3 A 3 .2 9 3 .2 7 -

6 .2 3
3 .A 6
6 .2 A
6 .2 6

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

30
28
28

5 .8 6
6 .1 0
6 .1 0

6 .2 A
6 .2 5
6 .2 5

6 .2 1 6 .2 2 6 .2 2 -

6 .2 7
6 .2 8
6 .2 8

*

HA
58

3 .3 1
3 .1 3

3 .3 A
3 .2 0

3 .1 0 3 .1 1 -

3 .5 8
3 .3 8

A
A

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------

87

3 .1 9

3 .3 2

3 .2 A -

3 .3 7

-

-

12

5

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

“

”

*

*

2
"

*

5
5

15

_

-

-

2
2

19
19

33
18

8

1

-

1

A

69

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

105

-

-

”

101
“

-

*

10
10

:

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING — ----------------------------

12

_
“

-

-

*

52
52

”

2 .5 8

_

\

7

*

*

-

_

_

See footn otes at end of ta b le s .

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

1
1

*

*

-

2 .8 8

•

-

21

-

A2

-

8
8

-

“

-

“

21

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE ) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------




A
3
1
1

9
4

2

-

2

-

-

2A

-

.

.

193

2
2

-

2
2

-

-

2A

-

-

-

193
193

4

“

*

9

_
_

_

2A

_

2A

-

168

4

_
_
17

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_

2
2
2

_

*

-

_

_

_

-

-

168
168

_

-

25
25
25

_




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Portland, Maine, November 1973
Sex, occu pation , and indu stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2
hourly
earnings

occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

M A IN TE NA NC E ANO POWERPLANT
O C C U PA TI ON S - HEN

Number
of
workers

CU STOOIAL ANO MA TERIAL MOVEMENT
O C CU PA TI ON S- ME N— CGNTINUED
$

3.51 SH IPPING CL ER KS -------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --4.34
4.34 SHIPPING AND RECE IV IN G CLERKS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------

37
29

3.66
3.58

36
28

3.05
3.14

32
90
76

-----------------4.51 TRUCKO RI VE RS
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------4.25
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------4.61
PUBLIC UT ILITIES -------4.82

667
126
541
292

4.25
3.31
4.47
5.26

77
59

4.14
4.16

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------

HELPERS, MA INTENANCE TRADES --------

18

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G j --------------------

15
15

21

122

68

42

2.88

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

487
90
397
263

4.62
3.39
4.90
5.18

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

30
28
28

6 .1 0

3.17
2.74 TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------3.38
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

114
58

3.31
3.13

87

3.19

33

2.88

C U ST OO IA L AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATI CN S- ME N
JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

$

3.22
3.23

25

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

4.36 RECE IV IN G CL ER KS -NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
4.15

61

EL EC TR IC IA NS * MAINTENANCE
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

221

149
72
22

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

490

ORDER
FILLERS ----NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

365
304

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG —
MANUFA CT UR IN G —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

49
19
30

161
329

3.02
3.07
2.91
3.84

3.63 WAREHO US EM EN
3.60
CUST OD IA L AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATI ON S- WO ME N
2.81
2.79
2.83 JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS ---

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .

8

5.86
6.10




Table A-7. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups
in'Portland, Maine, November 1972 and November 1973,
and percents of increase for selected periods
W e e k ly earn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en )

P e r io d

H o u rly earn in gs

In d u stria l
n u rses
(m en and
w om en)

S k illed
m ain ten an ce
tra d e s
(m en )

U n sk illed
plant
w o rk e rs
(m en )

In dexes (N o v e m b e r 1967* * 00)
1
N o v e m b e r 1972.............................. ................ ............... .......
N o v e m b e r 1973...... ................. .......................... .............. —

135.5
142.1

*
*

*
*

141.1
153.1

P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber

*

1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

N ovem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber

1960______________________
1961________ ______ _______
1962____ _____ ____ ______
1963______________________
1964____________ ____ _____
1965______________________
1966______________________
1967______________________
1968______________________
1969_____ ________ ____
1970______________________
1971______ _ __________
1972______________________
1973________________ _____

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n

* * T h is in c re a s e r e fle c t s
wage changes.

3.9
2.2
2.3
2.9
1.9
3.4
3.4
7.2
7.1
5.6
6.3
6.7
5.6
4.9

1.9
1.9
1.3
4.9
2.9
1.7
3.9
8.6
8.5
217.9
*
*
*
*

5.3
4.6
4.1
1.1
3.2
5.2
2.9
4.4
5.2
6.9
7.8
9.3
*
*

6.2
.2
.4
1.3
4.3
2.1
2.2
2.8
7.6
8.6
7.4
6.4
5.6
8.5

c r it e r ia .

changes in em p loym en t am ong esta b lish m en ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls

N O T E : T h is m e a s u re o f w age changes w ill be d iscon tin u ed
begin n in g July 1974. It w ill be r e p la c e d by the m e a s u re p re s e n te d
in ta b le A - 8 .

9

in addition to g e n e r a l




Table A-8. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in
Portland, Maine, November 1972 to November 1973
O ccu p ation al group

M an u factu rin g

5.8
*
8.5
7.9

*

A ll in d u s trie s

*
7.9
7.7

N onm anufacturing

D ata do not m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T a b le A - 8 p ro v id e s p erc e n ts o f change in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d
o ccu p ation al grou p s, adjusted to exclu d e the e ffe c t o f em p loym en t s h ifts .
T h e n ew m ethod
fo r com puting w age tren d s is b a sed on changes in a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r esta b lish m en ts
re p o rtin g the in d ex jo b s in both the cu rre n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m atch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ),
h oldin g esta b lish m en t em p lo ym en t in the jo b s constant.
T h e new w age tren d s a re not lin k ed to the cu rre n t in d exes becau se the new w age tren ds
m e a s u re changes in m atch ed e sta b lish m en t a v e ra g e s w h e re a s the c u rre n t in d exes m e a s u re
ch an ges in a re a a v e ra g e s . O th er c h a r a c te r is tic s o f the n ew w a ge tre n d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m
the c u rre n t ones inclu de (1 ) ea rn in gs data of o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses
a re c o n v e rte d to an h o u rly b a s is , and (2 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a re p r o v id e d fo r nonm anufacturing
e sta b lish m en ts.
F o r a m o re d e ta ile d d e s c rip tio n o f the n ew m eth od used to com pute a r e a w age su rvey
in d e x e s , s ee "Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973,
pp. 52-57.

10

5.6
*
*
7.7

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Portland, Maine, November 1973
O ther in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 5

In e x p erien ced typists
M anufacturing
M inim u m w e e k ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

N onm anufacturing

B ased on standard w e e k ly hours

A ll
in d u stries

A ll
schedules

b

M anufacturing

o f—

A ll
in d u stries

Nonm anufactur ing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 6 o f—

A ll
schedules

71

_____

24

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

71

24

XXX

47

18

E sta b lish m en ts studied

40

3

3

15

5

9

42

17

13

25

37l/
2

1

1
1

1

1
1
1

1

1

2
3
1
1

3

1

1

2

1
1
1
2

.........

1
1

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
_______ __ __
in th is c a t e g o r y ______ _____

.

_

XXX

40

XXX

16

2

2

2

6
3
10
2
2

2
1

6
1
2

6
1
2

6
3
4

2

7
1
1

3
1
1

2

1
2

4

1

2

2
1

1

2

1

1

1
2

1

1

6

2

XXX

4

XXX

XXX

8

3

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

46

19

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

20

4

XXX

16

XXX

XXX

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




37 V,

1

1

1
E sta b lish m en ts havin g no s p e c ifie d m inim um ___ ____________

A ll
schedules

1
2
1
1

1
1
2

40

1

2
3
1
2

$ 109.00 and undnr $ 110.00.

A ll
schedules

40

11




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
in Portland, Maine, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s —
L a te - s h ift pay p ro v is io n

In esta b lish m en ts having p ro v is io n s 7
fo r la te sh ifts
Second sh ift

T o t a l ___ ____ ____________________________________

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift

66.5

79.9

A c tu a lly w ork in g on la te sh ifts

Second sh ift

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift

20.7

12.0

N o pay d iffe r e n tia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift _______

3.2

3.8

0.1

0.1

P a y d iffe r e n t ia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift __________

76.8

62.7

20.6

11.8

47.7

35.7

12.0

7.1

2.4

2.2
3.7
2.9
7.0
19.9
-

.6
5.3
3.1
1.0
.7
1.3

.
.1
.6
.2
.9
5.3

U n ifo rm p e rc e n ta g e _ ______________________

29.1

27.0

8.6

4.7

10 p e rc e n t_________________________________
15 p e rc e n t___ ____ _________________________

29.1

20.5
6.6

8.6

3.7
1.0

T y p e and amount o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n ifo rm cents (p e r hour) _____ _____________
5 c e n ts ____________ ________________________
7V2 c e n t s _____________________________ ____
8 c e n t s __________________________ ______ ___
10 ce n ts _________________________ _____ ____
12 cen ts............... .........................................
15 ce n ts ___________________________________
18 cen ts--------------------------------------------189 0 ce n ts ------------------ ------ ------------- —
/1

-

2.2
19.9
10.7
2.9
9 .6

See footn ote at end o f ta b les.

12

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers in Portland, Maine, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly hou rs and days
M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
2

-

-

-

-

1
9
66
66
11
3
2
1
2
2

2
73
73
20
2

A ll in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________

______

30 hours— 5 d a y s _________________________________
35 hours— 5 d a y s _____________ ____________________
35V2 hours— 5 d a y s _______________________________
36V4 hours— 5 days
37 hours— 5 d a y s _______________ „_
_ ____________
37V2 hours— 5 d a y s _______________________________
38 hours— 5 d a y s __________________________________
40 h o u rs ____________________________________________
4 V2 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ___________________________________________
42 hours— 5 d a y s __________________________________
42V2 hours-— 5 d a y s _______________________________
44 h o u rs ____________________________________________
5 d a y s ___________________________________________
5‘/ d a y s ----------------------------- ---------- -----------2
45 hours— 5 d a y s _________________________________
47 hou re— 5V2 d a y s _______________________________
48 hours— 6 d a y s _________ ______ __ _____ ____
57 hours— 5 d a y s ______ __________________________

-

.
_
87
87
-

39
9
33
1
32
_

4
_

_

16
_

49
51

_
_

-

_

_

-

-

3

6

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

7

13

1
1

_

80
80

1

2
1

_

_

_

See footn ote at end o f ta b le s .




(* )
1
1
15
_

_
_

51

_
_
_
_

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays in Portland, Maine, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

98

100

99

100

100

6

2

■

1

"

i
5
12
14
44
2
15
1

-

10
5
21
52
4
7

6
13
14
55
12

( 9)
1
5
5
37
13
36
1

5
2
16
64
2
11

1
2
"
93
3

1
16
18
62
76
88
93
94

7
11
63
84
89
98
98

12
67
67
81
81
94
94
100

1
37
51
88
93
97
98
99

11
13
77
93
95
100
100

3
96
96
99
99
100
100
100

A l l in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________ ______

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ------------ --------- --------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s __________________________________

P u b lic u tilitie s

N u m b er o f days 1
0
4 h o lid a y s _________________________ - — ----------6 h o lid a y s _____ __________ -________ ___ ____________
7 h o lid a y s - ___________________ _____ _____________
8 h o lid a y s _______________________________ _________
9 h o lid a y s ________________— ------ ---------------- ----9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------10 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s ----------------—
— —---- — - T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 1
1
11 d a y s -------------------------- ------ -------------------10 days o r m o r e _ _ --------------------------------- -91 d ays o r m o r e -------------- --- -------------------/*
9 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------8 days o r m o r e -------------------- -----------------------7 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
4 days o r m o r e ___________ — ---- — ---------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




14

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays in Portland, Maine, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

H o lid a y 1
0
A ll in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________

N ew Y e a r 's Day
W ash in gton 's B ir t h d a y ___ _____ ____ __ ____
G ood F r id a y
P a t r io t 's D a y ______________________________________
M e m o r ia l D a y _____________________________________
F ou rth o f Ju ly _ ________________ _______ _______
L a b o r D ay _______________ ____ ____ _____________ ____
C olum bus D a y _____________________________________
V e te ra n s D a y _________________ ___ _ __ _____ __
T h a n k sgivin g D a y _____________ ___ _______________
Day a fte r T h a n k s g iv in g __________________________
C h ris tm a s E v e _____________________________________
C h ris tm a s E v e , h a lf d a y _________________________
C h ris tm a s D a y ____ ____ ___ ________________________
N ew Y e a r ' s E v e ____________________________________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 day 13________ _______ _____
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 2 d ays 13____________
________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y, 3 days 13_____ _____
E m p lo y e e 's b ir th d a y ______________________________

100

93
55
16
25
93
85
94
15
61
94
9
15
2
94
4
19
13
1
6

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

98
47
27
9
98
83
98
( 9)
38
98
15
27
4
98
7
30
24
2
4

93
81
14
53
94
100
94
67
94
100
-

100
17
17

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




15

A ll in d u stries

\

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

98
81
9
69
99
97
99
31
85
99
7
6
13
92
9
7
2
4
3

96
53
35
21
100
91
100
1
44
100
19
37
2
100
10
34
13
2
3

99
99
24
91
100
100
100
74
100
100
100
4
*
“
7

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Portland, Maine, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
90
10

100
81
19

100
100
-

99
99
1

100
94
6

100
100

-

_

13
23
2
3

21
21
2
_

31

60
1
39

67
2
31

43

A ll in d u stries

A ll w o rk ers
M eth od o f p aym en t
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts p ro v id in g

P e r c e n ta e e pavm en t
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts p ro v id in g

-

(’ )

-

-

A m ou n t o f v a ca tio n p a y 1
4
A f t e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k

_

23
-

2
41
20
7

6
53
11
2

-

17
-

49

A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek

3 w eek s

16

19

-

-

-

-

57
-

80
4

55
27

36
64
-

A f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 week.

_

_

_

36
1
62
1

5

57
2
40
( 9)

3

16

-

-

-

95

90
2
5

57
1
27

1
89
2
9

5
68
1
27

(9 )
89
2
9

3
70
1
27

( 9)
72
3
24

3
46
8
43

(9 )
13
2
79
”
6

3
11

_
-

-

95
-

5

A f t e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s

3 w e e k s __

_

11
85
2
2

__ _ _

17
78
2
3

8
87
2
2

______

12
82
2
3

4
73
5
18

7
75
7
11

2
27
1
64
i
4

4
19

-

-

-

75
2
(’ )

97
“
3

94
-

6

-

95
“

5

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eek s

_

_
_

-

94
-

6

95
5

A f t e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eek s

_

3 w ee k s

,

___

.

77
-

23

92
"
8

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w eek s
3 w eek s
._ _
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s
4 w ee k s

......

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




16

85

1
97
"

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Portland, Maine, November 1973— Continued
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u stries

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u stries

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 14— Continued
A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 week_
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks.
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s ___ _ _
4 w eek s ......
_

2
67

1

2

4

97
3

4
15
79

(’ )

25

1

(’ )

1
2
2
80
-

6

3

-

87
3

97
-

6

1
2

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 week_
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eek s ______
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

2

-

4

18

1
1

50

50

28

33

1
1

63
37

2

(’ )
9

2

65
24

3
4
43
50

-

1
82
17

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 week2 w eeks

2
16

O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s
.... .
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eeks
. .... _ _ _ _
5 w eeks

1

80

4

1
1

29

38

46
5

40
5

2
1
2
1

1
1

1

2

20

(’ )

6
2

13
75

3
4
32
50

-

1
»
5
89
5

2

1
1

(’ )
4

3
4
30

-

40

87

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w eek
2 w eek s

............................ ..... ..
_____ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w e e k s ___ _
4 w eeks
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

33
28
24

“
27
73

4

38
17
31

2
1
6
57

2
1

22

1

5

8

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ---------2 w eeks

-----—
.
_____
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s _ . . . ...
. ..
..
4 w eek s
____ . . . . . . _
5 w eek s
...
.
6 w eek s

------

—

.
_

_______

2
1
2
1
33
28
14

-

4

1
1
38
17

1
1

1
1
20

2
1
2
1

“
24
76

1
1

-

(’ )
4

2

16
56
17
4

3
4
30

22
14
27

-

1
“
5
7

88

M axim u m va c a tio n a v a ila b le

1 w eek__
2 w eek s

_____

_______

_____ ___________________
_ __________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eek s _
_____
4 w e e k s _____________ ___ __ __ ______________ __
5 w eek s ___
_
_____
6 w eek s ............ .....
_
____
__

33
26
15

1
1

-

4

24
76

20

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




(9 )
4

2

38
14
13

17

16
55
19
4

3
4
“
30
13
23
27

-

1
5
7

88

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions in Portland, Maine, November 1973
P e r c e n t o f plan t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin an cin g 1
5

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits shown b elo w
L i f e in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ______________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce ______________________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans
Sickn ess and a cc id e n t in su ran ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 16

A l l in d u stries

100

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

A l l in d u stries

100

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

98

98

100

99

99

100

92
61

98
78

100

•99
80

100

81

87
65

64
38

65
50

90
81

56
40

77
62

95
93

95

81

86

94

84

50

95

Sickn ess and a cc id e n t in su ra n ce __________
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ....
_
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a itin g period)_
___

63
47

82
67

51
35

40
35

48
35

34
31

35

25

58

68

19

69

4

3

-

2

-

-

L o n g - te r m d is a b ility in su ra n ce
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s __________ _____
H o s p ita liz a tio n in su ra n ce__________ ___________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ______________________
S u rg ic a l in su ra n ce______________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans _
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce
N o n c o n trib u to ry plans
D ental in su ra n ce
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ______________
R e tir e m e n t pension
N o n c o n trib u to rv plans

25
16
90
59
90
59

37
26
98
76
98
76
98
76

14
14

61
47
99
81
99
81
99
54
91
50

2

84
87
78

54
40
96
59
96
59
93
53
94
63

73
56

76
60

84
62

88

57
82
54

1
0
1
0

72
58

100
84

100
84

100

86
6
8

22
22

15
15
78

66

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




18

6
2

1
2
1
2

-

100
96

100
96

100
96
94
91
4
4
74

66

Footnotes
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2
T h e m ea n is c o m p u te d f o r ea c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e le s s than th e r a te show n.
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d
b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than th e h ig h e r r a te .
3
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
4
T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd
w o rk w eek s.
5
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r te d .
7 In c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ose f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , e v e n th ou gh th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
10 F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is stu d y, p ay f o r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , n e g o tia te d in th e a u to m o b ile in d u s tr y , is not t r e a t e d as a p a id h o lid a y .
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days th at add to th e s a m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
1
a to ta l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 fu ll d ays and no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 T h e s e days a r e p r o v id e d as p a r t o f a C h r is tm a s —N e w Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d w h ich t y p ic a lly b e g in s w ith C h r is t m a s E v e and ends w ith
2
N ew Y e a r 's D ay.
Such a h o lid a y p e r io d is c o m m o n in th e a u to m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , and f a r m im p le m e n t in d u s tr ie s .
1 " F l o a t i n g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o ic e .
3
1 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an
4
e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o sen a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n ge s in p r o p o r tio n s at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e c h an ges b e tw e e n
5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r
at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
1 E s tim a te s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p lan s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
5
p la n s " in c lu d e on ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly by th e e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e plans a r e
8
lim it e d to th o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th at ea c h e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t.
I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




19




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.

Appendix A
A r e a w age and r e la te d b e n efits data a re obtained by p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld
re p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in te r v a ls . * In each o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loym en t
1
and occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c te d by a com bin ation o f p e rs o n a l v is it and m a il q u estio n n a ire
fr o m esta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rv e y .
In each o f the 9 4 2 a re a s c u rre n tly s u rv e y e d , data a re obtained fr o m r e p re s e n ta tiv e
4
3
esta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication ,
and o th er pu b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su ra n ce, and r e a l es ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry grou p s ex clu d ed fr o m th ese studies a re g o vern m en t op era tio n s and the
co n stru ctio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E sta b lish m en ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d nu m ber of
w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t em p lo ym en t in the occu pation s studied. S ep a ra te
tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e conducted on a sam p le b a s is .
T h e sam plin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e
d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e sta b lish m en ts within the scope o f an in d ivid u al a re a s u rv e y by
in d u stry and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv e rs e a p ro b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d ,
w ith each esta b lis h m e n t h avin g a p r e d e te rm in e d chance of s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim um a c c u ra c y
at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll esta b lish m en ts is s e le c te d .
When
data a r e com b in ed , each esta b lis h m e n t is w eig h ted a c c o rd in g to its p ro b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so
that unbiased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r esta b lish m en ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p re s e n t it s e lf plus th re e o th e rs .
An a lte rn a te o f the sam e
o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e c la s s ific a tio n i f data a re not a v a ila b le
fo r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no su itable substitute is a v a ila b le , ad d ition a l w eigh t is
a s s ig n e d to a sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccupations and E a rn in gs
O ccu pations s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and non­
m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g typ es: (1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p ro fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m ain ten an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4 ) c u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu pational
c la s s ific a tio n is b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c rip tio n s d esig n ed to take account o f in t e r ­
e sta b lish m en t v a r ia tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b . O ccu pations s e le c te d f o r study a r e lis te d
and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , the ea rn in gs data fo llo w in g the jo b
tit le s a r e fo r a ll in d u s trie s com b in ed .
E a rn in g s data f o r so m e o f the occu pation s lis te d and
d e s c rib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ith in o ccu p ation s, a r e not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s , b eca u se e ith e r (1 ) em p lo ym en t in the occu pation is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to
m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e sta b lish m en t data.
E arn in gs data not shown s e p a ra te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s com b in ed
data, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu ded in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c tr o n ic s tec h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu pation al em p lo ym en t and ea rn in gs data a r e shown fo r fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose
h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le. E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and
fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . N on produ ction bonuses a r e exclu d ed , but c o s to f- liv in g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bonuses a r e in clu ded.
W e e k ly hours fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and
p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu pation s r e f e r to the stan dard w o rk w eek (rounded to the n e a re s t
h a lf h ou r) fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r
o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs fo r th e s e occu pation s a re
rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e s e s u rv e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d ivid u a l occu p ation al a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t ex p e c te d w a ge changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d ivid u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by changes in w a ges and em p loym en t p a ttern s. F o r
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new w o rk e rs at lo w e r r a te s .
Such
sh ifts in em p loym en t could d e c r e a s e an o ccu p ation al a v e r a g e even though m o st e sta b lish m en ts in
an a re a in c r e a s e w a g es during the y e a r .
T re n d s in e a rn in g s o f occu p ation al g ro u p s, shown in
ta b le s A - 7 and A - 8, a re b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w age tren d s than in d ivid u a l jo b s w ithin the grou p s.
A v e r a g e ea rn in gs r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries and e sta b lish m en ts
d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus con trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each job .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w a ge d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u a l
e sta b li shm ent s .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 94 areas are 8 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton, N .Y . —
P a .; Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a . ; Lexington, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa,
Fla .; and Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, die Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas
at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




21

A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu pation s should not be assum ed
to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ith in in d ivid u a l e s ta b lish m en ts.
F a c to r s which m ay
co n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu de p r o g r e s s io n w ith in esta b lis h e d ra te ra n ges, since only the ra te s
paid incum bents a r e c o lle c te d , and p e rfo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific du ties w ith in the g e n e ra l s u rv e y jo b
d e s c rip tio n s .
Job d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s usu ally a r e m o re
g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used in in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong
esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific du ties p e rfo r m e d .
O ccu p ation al em p lo ym en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ithin the
scope o f the study and not the num ber a c tu a lly s u rvey ed .
B ecau se occu p ation al s tru ctu res am ong
e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f o ccu p ation al em p lo y m en t obtained fr o m the sam ple o f
esta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the ea rn in gs data.
W age tren d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p ation al grou ps
In d exes in ta b le A - 7 m e a s u re w ages at a giv e n tim e , e x p re s s e d as a p e rc e n t o f w ages
d u rin g the b ase p e rio d .
Su btracting 100 fr o m the in d ex y ie ld s the p e rc e n t change in w a g es fr o m
the base p e rio d to the date o f the index.
Th e p e rc e n ts o f change o r in c r e a s e in tab les A -7
and A -8 r e la te to w a ge changes b etw een the in d ica ted d ates.
Annual ra te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
shown, r e f le c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e span b etw een su rveys was
oth er than 12 m onths.
T h e s e com pu tation s a r e based on the a ssu m ption that w a g es in c re a s e d at
a constant ra te b etw een su rv e y s .
P e r c e n ts o f change r e p o r te d in ta b les A -7 and A - 8 r e f le c t two d iffe r e n t m e a s u re s of
w age m o vem en t.
i.able A - 7 p r o v id e s p e rc e n ts o f change in a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e
c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rses and a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f s k ille d m aintenance and
u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s in the a re a .
T a b le A - 8 p ro v id e s p e rc e n ts o f change in a v e r a g e hourly
e a rn in g s fo r the sam e o ccu p ation al grou ps, a dju sted to exclu d e the e ffe c t o f em p loym en t shifts.
Th e m ethod used to com pu te w age tren d s in ta b le A - 8 is based on changes in a v e r a g e h ou rly
ea rn in gs fo r e sta b lish m en ts r e p o r tin g in d ex jo b s in both the c u rre n t and p re v io u s y e a r (m atch ed
esta b lis h m e n ts ); esta b lis h m e n t em p lo y m en t in the jo b s w as held constant.
Data fo r the m atched
e sta b lish m en ts a r e w eig h ted to r e p r e s e n t a ll e sta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the jo b in the p re v io u s y e a r.
M e th o d

of

c o m p u t in g

w age

tren d s.

O c c u p a t io n s

used

to

c o m p u te

w age

tre n d s

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ):

In d u stria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):

B o o k k eep in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B
C le rk s , accou nting, c la s s e s A and B
C le rk s , f ile , c la s s e s A , B, and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le rk s , p a y r o ll
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e r s (o ffic e b oys and g ir ls )
S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten o g ra p h ers, g e n e r a l
S ten o gra p h ers, s e n io r
S w itch b oard o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

are:

N u rs e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k illed m aintenance (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics
M ech a n ics (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k ers
U n sk illed plant (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling

In dexes fo r in d ivid u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com puted as fo llo w s :
1. Each occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b ased on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p lo ym en t in the
s e le c te d grou p o f occu p ation s in the b ase y e a r .
2. T h e s e w eigh ts a r e used to com pute grou p a v e r a g e s .
Each o ccu p a tio n 's a v e ra g e
(m ea n ) ea rn in gs is m u ltip lie d by its w eigh t.
The p rodu cts a r e tota led to obtain a group a v e r a g e .
3. Th e r a tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 co n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is com puted by d ivid in g the
a v e r a g e fo r the c u rre n t y e a r by the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The re s u lts — e x p re s s e d as a
p e rc e n t— le s s 100 is the p e rc e n t change.
4. Th e c u rre n t y e a r 's in dex is obtained by m u ltip ly in g the p re v io u s y e a r 's in dex by the
r a tio o f the c u rre n t y e a r 's group a v e r a g e to the p re v io u s y e a r 's grou p a v e r a g e .

L im ita tio n s o f data. In d ex es and p e rc e n ts o f change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , as p re s e n te d in
ta b le A - 7, a r e in flu en ced by (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a ge ch an ges, (2) m e r it o r o th er pay in c r e a s e s
r e c e iv e d in the sam e jo b , (3 ) ch an ges in a v e r a g e w a ges due to la b o r t u r n o v e r , fo r c e expansions
o r re d u c tio n s , and (4 ) ch an ges re s u ltin g when e sta b lis h m en ts e n te r and le a v e the a re a .
O ccu p ation al a v e r a g e s can in c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e w ithout any actu al change in w a g e s . F o r e x a m p le ,
even though a ll esta b lis h m e n ts g iv e w age in c r e a s e s , a v e ra g e w a ges m ay d e c lin e b ecau se lo w e r paying esta b lis h m e n ts e n te r the a re a o r expand th e ir w o rk fo r c e s . S im ila r ly , w a g es m ay rem a in
r e la t iv e ly con stan t, y e t a v e r a g e s r is e b eca u se h ig h e r-p a y in g esta b lish m en ts e n te r the a re a o r
expand t h e ir w o rk f o r c e . A s m en tio n ed , data in ta b le A - 8 a r e a dju sted to r e m o v e som e o f the
lim ita tio n s to the in fo rm a tio n in ta b le A - 7 , p a r tic u la r ly changes re s u ltin g fr o m fo r c e expansions
o r red u ctio n s and fr o m the addition o r d e le tio n o f e sta b lish m en ts in the s u rv e y sa m p le.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge p ro v is io n s
T h e B - s e r ie s ta b le s p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n on e sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en tary
w a ge p r o v is io n s fo r plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s . "P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu de w o rk in g fo re m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s (in clu din g lead m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s. C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e exclu d ed fr o m m an u fa ctu rin g, but in clu d ed in nonm anufacturing
in d u s trie s . " O ffic e w o r k e r s " in clu de w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d fu n ction s. A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p ro fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s a r e exclu d ed .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s r e la te only to the esta b lish m en ts v is ite d .
(S ee ta b le B - l . ) B eca u se o f the optim u m sa m p lin g tech n iqu es used and th e p ro b a b ility that la r g e
esta b lis h m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts to have fo r m a l en tra n ce ra te s above the
s u b c le r ic a l le v e l, the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e e s ta b lish m en ts.
S h ift d iffe r e n tia l data a r e lim it e d to plant w o r k e r s in m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s .
(See
ta b le B - 2 .) T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d in t e r m s o f (1 ) esta b lish m en t p o l i c y 3 fo r to ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m en t, and (2 ) e ffe c t iv e p r a c tic e fo r w o r k e r s em p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the
tim e o f the s u rv e y .
In e sta b lish m en ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the amount applying to a
m a jo r it y is used; i f no amount a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y , the c la s s ific a tio n " o t h e r " is used.
In
esta b lis h m e n ts h avin g som e la te - s h ift hou rs paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n c e is r e c o r d e d only
i f it a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u rs.
A secon d (e v e n in g ) sh ift ends w o rk at o r n e a r
m id n ig h t .

A

th ir d

(n ig h t ) s h if t

s ta rts

w o rk

at o r n e a r

T h e s u m m a ry o f va ca tion plans is a s ta tis tic a l m e a s u re o f va c a tio n p ro v is io n s ra th e r than
a m e a s u re o f the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits .
(See tab le B - 5 .)
P r o v is io n s ap p ly to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an es ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f length of s e r v ic e .
P a y m en ts on o th er than a tim e b a s is a r e c o n v e rte d to a t im e p e r io d ; f o r ex a m p le , 2 p e rc e n t of
annual e a rn in g s a r e c o n s id e re d eq u ivalen t to 1 w e e k 's pay.
Only b a s ic plans a re included.
E s tim a te s ex clu d e va c a tio n bon u ses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p lan s, and "e x te n d e d " o r "s a b b a tic a l"
b e n e fits beyond b a s ic plan s. Such p r o v is io n s a r e t y p ic a l in the s te e l, alum inum , and can
in d u s trie s .

H ea lth , in su ra n ce, and pen sion plans f o r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p a rt of
the c o st in clu d e th ose (1 ) u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce com pany o r n o n p ro fit
o rg a n iz a tio n , (2 ) p ro v id e d th rou gh a union fund, o r (3 ) paid d ir e c tly by the e m p lo y e r out o f
cu rre n t o p era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set a sid e fo r th is p u rp ose.
(See ta b le B - 6 .) An
e sta b lish m en t is c o n s id e re d to have such a plan i f the m a jo r ity o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d even
though le s s than a m a jo r it y p a r tic ip a te under the plan b ecau se e m p lo y e e s a r e re q u ire d to
co n trib u te to w a rd the c o s t. E x clu d ed a re le g a lly re q u ire d p lan s, such as w o rk m e n 's com p en sation ,
s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.

S ic k n e s s 'a n d a ccid en t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that typ e o f in su ran ce under w hich p r e ­
d e te rm in e d cash paym ents a r e m ade d ir e c t ly to the in s u re d during te m p o r a r y illn e s s or accid en t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d fo r a ll such plans to w hich the e m p lo y e r con trib u tes.
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ran ce law s
re q u irin g e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed only i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) con trib u tes m o re
than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p ro v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n efits w hich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts
o f the la w . Ta b u la tion s o f paid s ic k le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 5 w hich p ro v id e fu ll
pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during ab sen ce fr o m w o rk b ecau se o f illn e s s . S ep arate
tabu lation s a r e p re s e n te d a c c o rd in g to (1 ) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d ,
and (2 ) plans w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w a itin g p e rio d . In addition to the p resen ta tio n
o f p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d sick n ess and a cc id e n t in su ra n ce o r paid sick le a v e , an
u nduplicated to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both typ es o f b e n e fits .

m id n ig h t .

T h e sch edu led w e e k ly hou rs and days o f a m a jo r it y o f the f ir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s in an
esta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated
as a pplyin g to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs o f that e s ta b lish m en t. (See
ta b le B - 3 .) Scheduled w e e k ly hou rs and days a re th o se w h ich a m a jo r ity o f fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s
a re e x p e c te d to w o rk fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and pension plans a r e tr e a te d
s t a t is t ic a lly as a p p lyin g to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le
o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c tic e s lis te d .
(S ee ta b les B -4 throu gh B - 6 .) Sums of
in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B -2 throu gh B -5 m a y not equ al to ta ls b ecau se o f rounding.

L o n g t e r m d is a b ility in su ran ce plans p r o v id e paym ents to t o ta lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon
the e x p ira tio n o f t h e ir p aid s ic k le a v e and/or sick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce, o r a fte r a
p r e d e te rm in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m on th s). P a y m en ts a r e m ade u n til the end of the
d is a b ility , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits . F u ll o r p a r tia l paym ents a re
a lm o s t a lw a ys red u ced by s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o rk m e n 's com p en sa tion , and p r iv a te pensions b e n efits
payable to the d isa b led e m p lo y e e .

Data on paid h o lid a y s a r e lim ite d to h o lid a y s gra n te d annually on a fo r m a l b a s is , w h ich (1 )
a r e p ro v id e d fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s ta b lis h e d b y cu stom . (S ee ta b le B - 4 .) H o lid a ys
o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu ded even though th ey m a y fa ll on a nonw orkday and the w o r k e r is not
gra n te d an oth er day off. T h e fi r s t p a rt of the paid h o lid a y s ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m ber o f w h ole
and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly gran ted .
T h e secon d part com b in es w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to show
to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
T a b le
B -4 a re p o rts the in c id e n c e o f the m o st com m on paid h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ran ce plans p r o te c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m s ick n ess and in ju ry ex p en ses
beyond the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p lan s. T y p ic a l fe a tu re s of
m a jo r m e d ic a l plans a r e (1 ) a "d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) paid by the in s u re d b e fo r e b e n efits
b egin ; (2 ) a c o in su ra n ce fea tu re req u irin g the in s u re d to pay a p o rtio n (e .g . 20 p e r c e n t) o f
c e rta in e x p en ses; and (3 ) stated d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fits (e .g ., $ 10,000 a y e a r ).
M e d ic a l
in su ra n ce p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l paym ent o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . D ental in su ra n ce u su ally c o v e r s
fillin g s , e x tra c tio n s , and X - r a y s . E xclu d ed a r e plans w hich c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r accid en t
d a m a ge.
R e tir e m e n t pen sion plans p ro v id e paym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's life .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following' conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
o f the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions i f it (1 ) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum number o f days sick leave available
to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Appendix
Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Portland, M aine,1
by major industry division,2 November 1973
N um ber o f establish m en ts
M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scop e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W o rk e rs in establish m en ts
W ith in scope o f study

W ithin scope
o f study *

P lan t
N u m ber

A l l d iv is io n s

_ _

____

M an u factu rin g_______________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g_ __
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and
o th e r public u tilitie s 5_ ..................
W h o le s a le tra d e _
____
___
R e ta il t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s ta te ________
S e r v ic e s 8_________________________________________

Studied

T o t a l4

Studied

O ffic e

Percen t

T o t a l4

.

154

71

28, 114

100

18,387

5,042

19,792

50
-

43
111

24
47

12,349
15,765

44
56

9, 880
8, 507

798
4 ,244

10, 175
9, 617

50
50
50
50
50

17
22
40
15
17

13
7
13
6
8

3,393
2,2 5 0
5,371
3, 175
1, 576

12
8
19
11
6

1, 839
( 6)
(6)
( 7)
( 6)

661
6)
6)
6)
‘ )

3, 052
979
2, 704
2, 057
825

1 The P o rtla n d Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget through N o v e m b e r 1972, co n s is ts o f the c itie s o f P o rtla n d , South P o rtla n d , and
W estb ro o k ; and the towns o f C ape E liza b eth , C u m berlan d, F alm ou th , G orham , S carborou gh , and Y arm ou th in C u m berlan d County.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in this
tab le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r em p loym en t
in d exes to m e a s u re em p loym en t tren d s o r le v e ls s in ce ( l ) planning o f w a ge s u rv e y s re q u ir e s e sta b lish m en t data co m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in ad van ce o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied, and (2 ) sm all
esta b lish m en ts a r e exclu ded fr o m the scop e o f the s u rvey .
2 Th e 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used to c la s s ify esta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 Inclu des a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f com p an ies in in d u s trie s
such as tra d e ,
fin an ce, auto
re p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th ea ters a re c o n s id e re d as 1 estab lish m en t.
4 Inclu des e x e c u tiv e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep a ra te plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu ded.
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g” in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
Sep arate presen ta tion o f
data is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g rea s o n s : (1 ) E m p loym en t is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e rm it
s ep a ra te p resen ta tion , (3 ) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , and (4 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o rk e rs fr o m th is e n tire d iv is io n a r e r e p re s e n te d in estim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l e sta te p o rtio n o n ly in estim a tes
fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
Sep arate p resen ta tio n o f data is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the rea son s giv e n in footn ote 6.
8 H o tels and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; a u tom ob ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p ark in g; m otion p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iza tio n s (exclu din g
r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

In d u stria l c o m p o s itio n in m an u factu rin g
O v e r tw o -fifth s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f the s u rv e y in the P o rtla n d a r e a w e r e
em p loyed in m anu factu ring fir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p resen ts the m a jo r in d u stry grou ps and
s p e c ific in d u s trie s as a p e rc e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d u stry groups

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e
Th e fo llo w in g tabulation shows the p e rc e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s em p loyed in
e sta b lish m en ts in w hich a c o n tra c t o r co n tra cts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c tiv e c a te g o r ie s , P o rtla n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1973:

S p e c ific in d u stries
23
18

E le c t r ic a l equipm ent and
14
L e a th e r and le a th e r p ro d u cts ___ 13
12

P a p e r m ills , exc e p t
21
F o o tw e a r , e x cep t ru b b e r________ 13
E le c tr o n ic com ponents
and a c c e s s o r ie s ________________ 10
F a b r ic a te d stru ctu ra l
9
5
Canned, cu red , and
fr o z e n fo o d s __________________ _ 5

P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l in d u s tr ie s _________________
M an u factu rin g_________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s ________________

O ffic e w o rk e rs
13
9
82

A n e s ta b lish m en t is c o n s id e re d to h ave a co n tra c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs
i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d by a la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o th e r plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e em p lo y e d in esta b lish m en ts that e ith e r do not have
la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t co n tra cts in e ffe c t, o r h a ve co n tra cts that apply to fe w e r than h a lf o f th e ir
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily re p r e s e n ta tiv e o f the extent to which
a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p ro v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n ts ,
becau se s m a ll esta b lish m en ts a r e exclu d ed and the in d u s tria l scop e o f the s u rv e y is lim ite d .

T h is in fo rm a tio n is based on e s tim a te s o f to ta l em p lo y m en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e rs e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e actu al s u rv e y .
P ro p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s jaaay
d iffe r fr o m p ro p o rtio n s b ased on the re s u lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in the appendix ta b le .




39
52
93

23




• ■

■

•;

V
•’

• r -;.iV
>

•

•■
■

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y pu rp ose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w age su rvey s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
occu p ation s w o rk e rs who a re e m p lo y ed under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to esta b lish m en t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f occu pation al w age ra te s re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content.
B ecau se o f this em phasis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o ccu p ation al content, the B u reau 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d ivid u al esta b lish m en ts o r th ose p r e p a re d fo r o th er p u rp o ses.
In applyin g th ese jo b d e s c rip tio n s , the B u rea u 's fie ld ec o n o m is ts a r e in stru cted
to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n ers; tr a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t- tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

O F FIC E

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s ta tem en ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic t y p e w r it e r .^ M a y a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping ch a rg es o r p e r fo r m oth er
c le r ic a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w age study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m a ch in e, a re
c la s s ifie d by typ e o f m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (com b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e rs ' p u rchase o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m em ora n d u m s, e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te rm in e d discou n ts and shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a ry e x ten sio n s, which m a y o r
m a y not be com pu ted on the b illin g m a ch in e, and to ta ls which a re a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated
by m a ch in e. T h e o p e ra tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e num ber o f carbon c o p ie s o f the b ill bein g
p re p a re d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B ille r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a bookkeeping m ach in e (w ith o r without
a t y p e w r ite r k eyb oa rd ) to p re p a r e c u s to m e rs ' b ills as p art o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tion . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltaneou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e rs ' le d g e r r e c o r d . Th e
m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a num ber o f v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes
and u su ally p rin ts a u to m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n ces.
Does not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f b ookkeepin g.
W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and standard typ es o f s a les and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a bookkeepin g m ach in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w r it e r k eyb oa rd ) to keep a r e c o r d
o f business tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K ee p s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow ledge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b asic
bookkeepin g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the stru ctu re o f the p a rtic u la r accounting system
used. D e te rm in e s p ro p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n so lid a ted re p o r ts , b alan ce sh eets, and o th er re c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B.
K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p hases o r section s o f a set o f re c o r d s usu ally
re q u irin g lit t le k n ow ledge o f b a sic book k eep in g. P h a ses o r sectio n s include accounts p ayab le,
p a y r o ll, c u s to m e rs ' accounts (not in clu din g a s im p le typ e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a ch in e), co s t d is trib u tio n , expen se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tro l, e tc. M a y check o r a s s is t
in p re p a ra tio n o f t r ia l b a la n ces and p re p a r e c o n tro l sheets fo r the accounting d ep artm en t.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as postin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern a l co n s is te n c y , co m p le te n e s s , and m a th em a tica l
a c c u ra c y o f accounting docum ents; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d istrib u tio n co d es; exam in in g
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s typ es o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , ca lcu la tio n s, p ostin g, etc .;
o r p re p a rin g sim p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs .
M a y w ork
in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated accounting sys te m .
T h e w ork re q u ir e s a kn ow ledge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p ra c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s
w hich r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tra n sa ctio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e rie n c e , the w o rk e r ty p ic a lly b eco m es fa m ilia r w ith the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssign ed w o rk , but is not re q u ire d to have a kn ow ledge o f the fo r m a l
p rin c ip le s o f bookkeepin g and accounting.




25

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.
C la s s A . U nder g e n e ra l su p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l op era tion s which
re q u ir e the ap p lica tio n o f e x p e rie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r e x a m p le, c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accounting cod es and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r tra c in g tra n sa ctio n s through previou s
accounting action s to d e te rm in e so u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o re
c la s s B accounting c le r k s .
C la s s B . U nder c lo s e su p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ction s and stan d ard ized p r o ­
c e d u re s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s , such as posting to
le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r w o rk sh eets w h ere id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo ca tion s o f p ostin gs a re
c le a r ly in d icated ; ch eckin g a c c u ra c y and co m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e re c o rd s
o r accounting docum ents; and coding docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e sta b lish ed filin g s ystem . M ay p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual tasks re q u ire d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
b asis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and in d exes file m a te r ia l such as co rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , tech ­
n ica l docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e sta b lish ed filin g system containing a num ber o f v a rie d subject
m a tte r f ile s . M a y a lso file this m a t e r ia l. M a y keep re c o r d s o f va rio u s types in conjunction
w ith the f ile s .
M a y lead a sm a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o rts, co d e s , and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aid s.
A s req u ested ,
w ard s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m re la te d

u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (su b ject m a tte r) head­
fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s sim p le re la te d index and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e ric a l). A s req u ested , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ith d raw al ch a rg e . M ay p e rfo rm sim p le c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch a n d ise by m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m aking out an o rd e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; checking p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o rd e r
sheet; and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sheets to r e s p e c tiv e dep artm en ts to be fille d . M ay check with c re d it
d ep artm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o ( c u s to m e r, ackn ow ledge re c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u sto m ers,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s ee that th ey have been fille d , keep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and check shipping
in v o ic e s w ith o rig in a l o r d e r s .
C LERK, P A Y R O LL
C om putes w ages o f com pany e m p lo y e e s and en ters the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y ro ll
sh eets. D uties in v o lv e : C alcu la tin g w o r k e r s ’ ea rn in gs based on tim e o r produ ction r e c o r d s ; and
postin g c a lcu la ted data on p a y r o ll sh eet, showing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w orking
d ays, tim e , ra te , deductions fo r in su ra n ce, and tota l w ages due. M ay m ake out p aychecks and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m akin g up and d istrib u tin g pay en velo p es.
M ay use a c a lcu la tin g m achine.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O p e ra te s a keypunch
tab u latin g c a rd s o r on tape.

m ach in e

to r e c o r d

o r v e r ify

alph abetic

and/or n u m eric

data on

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork re q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c tin g p r o c e ­
du res to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r codin g ite m s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e routine
keypunch w o rk .
M a y tra in in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .

N O T E : T h e te r m "c o r p o r a te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th ose o ffic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le with re g a r d to m a jo r
com pany a c t iv it ie s . T h e t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d ic a tiv e o f this r o le , does not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p resid en ts w hose p r im a r y re s p o n s ib ility is to a ct p e r ­
so n a lly on in d ivid u al c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., a p p ro ve o r deny in dividu al loan o r c r e d it actio n s;
a d m in is te r in d ivid u al tru s t accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s ta ff) a re not c o n s id e re d to be
" c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r s " fo r p u rp oses o f a pplyin g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tine and r e p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s sta n d a rd ized s o u rce docum ents w hich have
been cod ed , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire
lit t le o r no s e le c tin g , co d in g, o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s ite m s o r c o d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than .the ch airm an o f the board o r p re s id e n t)
o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p e rs o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm en t o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B oy o r G ir l)

of a m a jo r

C la s s B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that em p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tin e duties such as running e rra n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
ch in es such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk .
E xclu d e p o sitio n s that re q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a te -w id e fu n ction al a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , re s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s, e tc .) or~a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a re g io n a l h ea d q u a rters;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in d ivid u a l. M ain tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu id an ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

a.
R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in co m in g
in q u ir e s , and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p ro p e r p erso n s;
m a in ta in s ,

m a il,

a n sw ers

b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u al plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r o th er equ iva len t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p e rs o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

M ain ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a len d a r and m ak es appointm ents as in stru cted ;

d.

rou tin e

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p re s id e n t)
o f a com pany that em p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r re s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and re p o rts p re p a re d
s u p e r v is o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u re p ro c e d u ra l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

P e r fo r m s

by

o th ers fo r the

1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e ria l p erso n w hose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ iva len t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ations in the d e fin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w hose o rg a n iza tio n a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l segm en ts w hich a r e o fte n , in turn, fu rth e r su bdivided. In som e c o m p a n ies, th is le v e l
in clu d es a w id e ra n ge o f o rg a n iza tio n a l ech elon s; in o th e rs , o n ly one o r tw o; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u al plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r o th er eq u iva len t le v e l
o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

sten o gra p h ic and typ in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l task s o f co m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
The w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e and u nderstanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u re s re la te d to th e w o rk o f the s u p e rv is o r.

E x clu sio n s
N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w hich a r e exclu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :

E xa m p les

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra ­
t iv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n ician o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M any com p an ies assign
s te n o g ra p h e rs , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab o ve, to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER

a.

P o s itio n s

w hich

do

not m e e t

the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e ta r y

b.

con cep t

d e s c rib e d

above;

S ten o g ra p h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l typ e duties;

c.
S ten o g ra p h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a ss is ta n ts to a group o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;
d.
S e c r e ta r y p o sitio n s in w hich the du ties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e rou tine o r
s u b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r a c te r iz e d in the d efin itio n ;

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M ay
a ls o typ e fr o m w ritte n cop y. M a y o p e ra te fr o m a sten ogra p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e ra l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w ork s in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
re s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y tasks as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S ten o g ra p h er, G en era l

e.
A s s is ta n t typ e p o sitio n s which in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re s p o n s ib le te c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l duties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .




D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry . M a y m ain tain file s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r ic a l ta sk s.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

S ten o gra p h er, S en io r
or

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific re s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and m a in ta in f ile s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s co m p le te re p o rtin g and tabulating a ssign m en ts inclu ding d e v is in g
d iffic u lt c o n tro l panel w ir in g under g e n e ra l su p e rv is io n .
A ssig n m en ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x re p o r ts which often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , req u irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequ encing o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
ch in es.
Is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e ra to rs in m ach in e op era tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a to r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in the o p e ra tin g sequ en ces o f long and
c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not inclu de p o sitio n s in w hich w irin g re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b oard s.

OR
P e r fo r m s sten ogra p h ic du ties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and re s p o n ­
s ib ilit y than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l, as e v id en ced by the fo llo w in g :
W ork re q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten o gra p h ic speed and a c c u ra c y ; a thorou gh w o rk in g kn ow ledge o f g e n e ra l business
and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c ific bu sin ess o p e ra tio n s , o r g a n iza tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u res, f ile s , w o rk flo w , e tc.
U ses this k n ow ledge in p e r fo r m in g sten o gra p h ic duties and
re s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r re p o rts ,
m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; co m p o sin g s im p le le tte r s fr o m g e n e ra l in stru ctio n s; re a d in g and
rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g rou tin e qu estion s, etc.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e sta b lish ed p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in ­
stru ctio n s. A ss ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g re p o rts o r p a rts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabu lating o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m ach in es such as the tab u lator and c a lc u la to r, in addition to the s im p le r m achines
used by c la s s C o p e r a to r s . M a y be re q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s . M a y tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b asic m ach in e o p era tio n s.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le- o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oard handling in com in g,
ou tgoin g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles
co m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe re n c e , c o lle c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to
doing rou tin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itch b o a rd o p e r a to r , c la ss B, o r as a fu ll- tim e
a ssig n m en t. ( " F u l l " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs when the esta b lish m en t has v a r ie d
functions that a r e not r e a d ily u nderstandable fo r telep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u rp o ses, e .g ., because
o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te r r e la te d fu n ction s, and co n sequ en tly p re s e n t freq u en t p ro b le m s as to
which exten sion s a r e a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B. O p era tes a sin gle- o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b oard handling in com in g,
ou tgoing, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls . M a y handle rou tin e lon g d istan ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M a y p e r fo r m lim ite d teleph on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L i m i t e d " teleph on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o ccu rs i f the functions o f the esta b lish m en t s e r v ic e d a re r e a d ily understandable fo r teleph on e
in fo rm a tio n p u rp o ses, o r i f the req u ests a r e rou tin e, e .g ., g iv in g e x ten sio n num bers when
s p e c ific nam es a re fu rn ish ed , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to another o p e r a to r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a tio n s do not inclu de sw itch b oard o p e ra to rs in teleph on e com p an ies who
a s s is t c u s to m e rs in p la cin g c a lls .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo r m in g duties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r m o n ito r -ty p e s w itch ­
b oa rd , acts as r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a lso typ e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o rk as p a rt o f re g u la r
d u ties.
T h is typ in g o r c le r ic a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itch b oard .
T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e te r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla to r , e tc.
A ssign m en ts
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p ortion s o f a w ork unit, fo r ex a m p le , in d ivid u al s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs,
o r r e p e titiv e o p e ra tio n s . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s , and do som e filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v o lv in g a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w ritte n copy and do s im p le c le r ic a l w ork .
W o rk e rs tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d tech n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p o r ts on s c ie n tific re s e a r c h a r e not included.
A w o r k e r who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s ten o g ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r ite r to m ake co p ie s o f v a rio u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
tion s have been m ade by another p e rs o n . M ay include typin g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as keepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and re p o r ts , o r so rtin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yp in g m a te r ia l in fin al fo r m when
it in v o lv e s com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u rces; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp ellin g,
s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f tech n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a te ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity
and b alan ce in sp acin g. M ay typ e rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit circ u m s ta n c e s .

(E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M ach in e O p e ra to r)

O p era tes one o r a v a r ie t y o f m ach in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r, c o lla to r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc . E xclu d ed fr o m this d e fin itio n a re w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o exclu d ed a re o p e ra to rs o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l co m p u te rs , e ven though th ey m a y a lso op e ra te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fr o m rough o r c le a r
d ra fts ; o r rou tine typing o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , etc .; o r settin g up sim p le standard
tabu lation s; o r cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lre a d y set up and spaced p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

COM PUTER OPERATO R

o f new p ro g ra m s re q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p ro g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in ca se o rig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a rea so n a b le tim e .
In com m on e r r o r situ a­
tio n s, d ia gn oses cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e action . T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p re v io u s ly
p ro g ra m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g stan dard c o r r e c t io n tech n iqu es.

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tro l co n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s data a cco rd in g
to o p era tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su ally p re p a re d b y a p r o g r a m m e r . W ork in clu des m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ctio n s to d e te rm in e equ ipm ent setup and o p e ra tio n s ; loads equ ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equipm ent in to c ir c u it, and sta rts
and o p e ra te s com p u ter; m akes adjustm ents to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l con dition s; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade du ring o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e fe r s p ro b le m
to s u p e rv is o r or p r o g r a m m e r ; and m aintains o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
pr o g ra m .
F o r w age study p u rp o ses,

com p u ter o p e r a to r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p era tes independently, o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ire c tio n , a com p u ter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N ew p ro g ra m s a r e fre q u e n tly tested
and introduced; scheduling re q u ire m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p ro g ra m s a re o f co m p le x d esign so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rce often r e q u ire s a
w ork in g know ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and a ltern a te p ro g ra m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay
g iv e d ir e c tio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B.
O p era tes independently, o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ire c tio n , a com p u ter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s : M o st o f the p ro g ra m s a r e esta b lish ed
prod u ction runs, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a sis; th ere is lit t le o r no testin g




OR
O p era tes under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a co m p u ter running p ro g ra m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is tic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e ra to r by in d e­
pendently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt tasks fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f op era tio n s p e rfo r m e d .
C la s s C . W ork s on rou tine p ro g ra m s under c lo s e su p e rv is io n .
Is exp ected to d evelo p
w ork in g k n ow ledge o f the com p u ter equipm ent used and a b ility to d etect p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tine p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tra in in g in com p u ter op era tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h er le v e l o p e ra to r on co m p le x p ro g ra m s .
CO M PUTER

PRO G RAM M ER,

BUSINESS

C o n v e rts statem en ts o f bu sin ess p ro b le m s , ty p ic a lly p re p a re d by a sy s te m s a n a lyst, into a
sequ ence o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c ­
e s s in g equ ipm ent. W orkin g fr o m ch a rts o r d ia g ra m s , the p ro g r a m m e r d ev e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
stru ction s which, when e n tered into the co m p u ter s y stem in coded lan gu age, cau se the m anipulation

27

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d re s u lts . W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w led ge o f
co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic em p lo y e d by com p u te rs , and p a rtic u la r su b ject m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a rts and d ia g ra m s o f the p ro b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ ence
o f p r o g r a m step s; w r ite s d e ta ile d flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p ro c e s s e d ;
c o n v e rts th e s e c h a rts to coded in stru ctio n s fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p re p a r e s in stru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p ers o n n e l during prod u ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s
p ro g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d evelo p m en t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y.)

e v e r y ite m o f each typ e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d throu gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p actio n s a r e in itia te d by the com p u ter.) C o n fe rs w ith p erso n s co n c e rn e d to
d e te rm in e the data p ro c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e ra tio n s . M ak es re c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n eeded, fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and fo r obtain in g equipm ent.
M a y p ro v id e fu n ction a l
a s s is t.

to lo w e r

le v e l sy s te m s a n a lysts who a re a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W ork s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re
r e la t iv e ly u n co m p lica ted to a n a ly ze , plan, p ro g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x ity becau se so u rc e s o f input data a r e hom ogeneou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly
r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m ain tain in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank,
m ain ta in in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lish m en t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry accounts
in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe rs w ith p e rso n s c o n cern ed to d e te rm in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be a p p lied .

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n of
oth er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific
and/or en g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

d ir e c tio n

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w hich
re q u ir e c o m p eten ce in a ll phases o f p ro g ra m m in g co n cep ts and p r a c tic e s . W o rk in g fr o m d ia ­
g ra m s and ch a rts w hich id e n tify the natu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s steps of the p ro b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p ro g ra m m in g actio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p rod u cts.

OR
W orks on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W ork s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a ssig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in stru ctio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a ssig n m en ts.
W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n ce w ith
in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .

A t th is le v e l, p r o g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se co m p u ter equ ipm ent m ust be o rg a n iz e d to
produ ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m num erous and d iv e r s e data ele m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m ber of in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g action s m ust o c c u r. T h is re q u ir e s
such actio n s as d evelo p m en t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w hich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lish m en t o f
lin k a ge poin ts b etw een o p e ra tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d
co m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and su b stan tial m an ipu lation and re seq u en cin g o f data e lem en ts
to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g ra te d p ro g ra m .

C la s s C . W orks under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a lyses as assign ed , u su ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d esign ed to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c tic a l e x p e rie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p ro c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ire d fo r sy s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst by p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v elo p ed by the h ig h e r le v e l a n a lyst.

M a y p ro v id e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s in depen den tly o r u nder only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la t iv e ly sim p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally
p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to prod u ce data in tw o o r th re e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo r m a ts . R ep o rts
and lis tin g s a re p ro d u ced by r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , or m aking m in o r addition s to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w hich a r e re a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s re c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r actio n s so that the a c c u ra c y and sequencing
o f data can be te s te d by using a fe w rou tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith
rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g typ e o p era tio n s.

DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s the gra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
fe a tu re s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W ork s in c lo s e sup­
p o rt w ith the d esig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d esig n changes.
A n a ly z e s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l rela tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts .
W orks w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p leted w o rk is
re v ie w e d by d esig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r en g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r le v e l d ra fts m e n .

OR

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g assign m en ts that re q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ized d ra w in g tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly used.
D uties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w ork as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l rela tio n s h ip s betw een com pon en ts; p re p a re s a r c h i­
te c tu r a l d ra w in gs fo r co n stru ctio n o f a building in clu din g d e ta il d ra w in gs o f foundations, w a ll
s e c tio n s , flo o r p lan s, and ro o f. U ses a cce p te d fo rm u la s and m anuals in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y
com pu tation s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be used, load c a p a c itie s , stre n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s tru c tio n s , r e q u ire m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequacy.

W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ire c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s under f a ir ly c lo s e
d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c tic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p ro g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and con cepts u su ally
le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a re d esig n ed to d e v e lo p c o m p eten ce in the
a p p lica tio n o f standard p ro c e d u re s to rou tin e p ro b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on new
a sp ects o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p ro c e d u re s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e rin g , co n stru ctio n ,
m an u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp o ses. T y p es o f d ra w in g s p re p a re d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p ro je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g th r e e d im en sio n s in a ccu ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p o sitio n in g o f
com pon en ts and co n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n . C o n so lid a tes d e ta ils fr o m a nu m ber o f so u rc e s
and adjusts o r tra n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f ap p roach , a p p lic a b le
p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u rce m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in itia l a ssig n m en ts. In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts re c u r .
W ork m a y be sp o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SINESS
A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r s o lv in g th em by use of e le c tr o n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D evelo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u ter p ro g ra m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the
fo llo w in g : A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r op era tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s con dition s and
c r it e r ia r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a tis fa c to r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s nu m ber and ty p es of r e c o r d s , f ile s , and
docum ents to be used; ou tlin es action s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rso n n el and co m p u ters in s u ffic ie n t
d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n to m an agem en t and fo r p r o g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a rts ); c o o rd in a te s the d evelo p m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l
runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and reco m m en d s equ ipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e
o v e r a ll o p e ra tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ra m m in g should
be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n
o f o th er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n alysts p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith
s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p re p a re d by o th e rs by p la cin g tra c in g cloth o r p a p er o v e r
d ra w in gs and tra c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n s is tin g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s im p le o iT "ffep etitive d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e rv is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p hases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p lex b ecau se o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d ev e lo p s an in te g ra te d
p rodu ction sch ed u lin g, in v e n to ry c o n tro l, c o st a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich




D RAFTSM AN- TRACER

W ork s on v a rio u s typ es o f e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent and r e la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one
o r a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g, r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g ,
m o d ify in g , co n stru ctin g , and te s tin g . W ork re q u ir e s p r a c tic a l a p p lica tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge
o f e le c t r o n ic s p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n ctio n s, and s k ill to put equ ipm en t in r e q u ir e d
o p e ra tin g con dition .

28

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n
o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in clu d es, but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g : (a ) E le c tr o n ic tr a n s ­
m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm en t (e .g ., r a d a r, ra d io , te le v is io n , telep h on e, so n a r, n a vig a tio n a l
a id s ), (b ) d ig ita l and a n a log c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ipm ent.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as re q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h er le v e l tech n ician ,
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific co m p lia n c e w ith a ccep ted p r a c tic e s and w o rk assign m en ts.
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l tech n icia n s.
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r routine tasks in
w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s which c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll
p ro c e d u re s .
W ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such tasks as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician s by
p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as re p la c in g com pon en ts, w ir in g c ir c u its , and taking te s t rea d in gs;
re p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent; and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g .,
m u ltim e te r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube te s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not re q u ire d to be
f a m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n ow led ge, h o w e v e r, m a y be a c q u ired
through assign m en ts d esig n ed to in c r e a s e com p eten ce (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that
w o r k e r can ad van ce to h ig h er le v e l tech n icia n .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d es re p a ir m e n o f such stan dard e le q tr o n ic equ ipm en t as com m on
o ffic e m a ch in es and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n s ets; p rod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c tr o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have a d m in is ­
t r a t iv e o r s u p e r v is o r y re s p o n s ib ility ; and d ra fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , and p ro fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . A p p lie s advan ced te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s
( i. e . , th o se that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r
s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t. E x a m p les o f such p ro b le m s include
lo c a tio n and d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o - m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s, and
freq u en t e n g in e e rin g ch an ges. W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u nderstanding o f the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g independent ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such tasks as m akin g c ir c u it
a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a ve fo r m s , tra c in g re la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using
c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d evia tio n m e t e r s , pulse
g e n e r a to r s ).
W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e ra l
co m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p ra c tic e s . M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l te ch n icia n s.
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i.e .,
th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r
s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t. W ork in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith
the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; and ju dgm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ ence and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in stru m en ts, u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician .
W ork is ty p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when n ew o r advanced a ssign m en ts
a r e in v o lv e d .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to il l or
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p erso n s who b eco m e il l o r s u ffe r an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s of. a
fa c to r y o r o th er e s ta b lish m en t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fir s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju red ; attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju rie s ; k eep in g r e c o rd s
o f p atien ts tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a ccid en t re p o r ts fo r com p en sa tion o r o th e r p u rp oses; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and h ealth eva lu a tion s o f a pplican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing-out p ro g r a m s in v o lv in g h ealth ed u cation , accid en t p re v e n tio n , eva lu a tion o f plant en viron m en t,
o r o th er a c t iv itie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rso n n el. N u rsin g s u p e rv is o rs
o r head n u rses in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one n u rse a r e exclu ded.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D PO W ER PLA N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N ,

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m ain tain in good r e p a ir bu ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equ ipm en t such as bin s, c r ib s , co u n te rs , b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o rs , flo o r s ,
s ta ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w ood in an e s ta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; using a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n te r 's h an dtools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m a k ­
in g standard shop com pu tations r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce c a rp e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m en t in which e m p lo y ed w ith heat, p o w er,
o r s tea m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s, o r o il b u rn er; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equ ipm ent such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to r s , heatirig units, conduit s y s te m s , o r o th er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts , d ra w in g s, layou ts, o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l
sy stem o r equipm ent; w o rk in g standard com pu tations r e la tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r
e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and usin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g
in stru m en ts.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p e ra tio n o f s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the e sta b lish m en t in which e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m ain ta in in g equipm ent
such as steam en gin es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to r s , tu rb in es, v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e ra tin g equ ipm en t, steam b o ile r s and b o ile r - fe d w a te r pum ps; m akin g equ ipm en t r e p a ir s ; and
k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l consum ption. M a y a ls o su­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e exclu ded.




S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e ra l du ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls;
clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a ch in e, and equ ipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn eym a n by holding m a te r ia ls o r
to o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th er u n sk illed tasks as d ir e c te d by jou rn eym a n .
T h e kind o f w ork the
h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e : In som e tra d es the h e lp e r is confined
to su pplying, liftin g , and h oldin g m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a re a s ; and in o th ers
he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p es o f m ach in e t o o ls , such as ji g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u rfa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e la th es, o r m illin g m a ch in es, in the con stru ction o f
m a ch in e-sh o p t o o ls , g a u g es, jig s , fix tu r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups or
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u ra c y ; using a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; s e le c tin g fe ed s,
sp eed s, to o lin g , and o p e ra tio n sequ en ce; and m akin g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts du ring o p era tio n
to a c h ie v e re q u is ite to le r a n c e s o r d im en sio n s.
M ay be re q u ire d to re c o g n iz e when to o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r coolan ts and cutting and lu b ric a tin g o ils .
For
c r o s s - in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , in to o l and d ie jobbin g
shops a r e exclu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l parts o f m ech a n ica l
equ ipm ent o p e ra te d in an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritten
in stru ctio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's

29

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p era tin g standard m ach in e to o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m akin g standard shop com pu tations r e la tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and speeds o f m a ch in in g; k n ow ledge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f
the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g stan dard m a te r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r his w ork ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w ork
n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g , and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w oo d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s
the fo llo w in g : K n o w led ge o f s u rfa c e p e c u lia r itie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s; p re p a rin g s u rfa c e fo r painting by re m o v in g old fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f i l l e r in n ail
h o les and in te r s tic e s ; and a p p lyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r brush. M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w hite
lea d , and o th e r paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r co n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in ten an ce p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
•a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , bu ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g au to m o tive equ ipm ent to d iagn ose s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d is ­
a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s ,
g a u g es, d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m stock ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the va rio u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alig n in g w h e e ls , adju stin g b rak es
and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otive m ech an ic re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

m o b ile

T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu de m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au to­
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o st
o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia gn o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le ;
d ism a n tlin g o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f handtools in sc ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtained
fr o m stock; o r d e r in g the p rod u ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the
m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r re p a ir s
o r fo r the p rod u ction o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shop; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m akin g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a dju stm en ts fo r o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten an ce m ech a n ic re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E xclu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a ch in es o r h ea vy equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m ach in es o r h ea vy
equ ipm en t when changes in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ire d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g blu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y
o f handtools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g stan dard shop com pu tations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te rs o f g r a v ity ; alig n in g and b alan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g standard to o ls ,
equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t such as d r iv e s and speed re d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, steam , gas, o r o th e r ty p es o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an
esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te
p o s itio n o f pip e fr o m d ra w in g s o r o th er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s o f pip e to
c o r r e c t lengths w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in es; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith stock s and d ie s ; bending pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a ch in es; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith co u p lin gs and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g ers; m akin g standard shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e re q u ire d ; and m akin g standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin ­
ish ed p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iva len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o rk e rs p r im a r ily en gaged in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g building san itation
o r heatin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equ ipm ent and fix tu re s
(such as m ach in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s , chu tes, ducts, m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; Plan n in g and la yin g out a ll
typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g
up and o p e ra tin g a il a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a ch in es; usin g a v a r ie t y o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , gau ges, jig s , fix tu r e s or d ies fo r fo r g in g s ,
punching, and o th e r m e t a l- fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , o r o th er o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ;
using a v a r ie t y o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; u n d er­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g o f
m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o rk , s p eed s, fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in es; h e a t-tr e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts during fa b ric a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d to o ls and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk re q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip
o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s ,
shops a r e exclu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

to o l and d ie m a k e rs in to o l

and d ie job b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

GUARD AND W ATCH M EN
Guard. P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e duties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . Inclu des ga tem en who a re station ed at gate and check
on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e rs o n s e n te r in g .
W atch m an . M ak es rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty a ga in st f i r e ,
th eft, and ille g a l en try .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a reh o u se, m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, s to r e , o r o th e r esta b lish m en t
w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L oa d in g and unloading v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e rc h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru ck s, o r o th er tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p ro p e r s to ra g e lo ca tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r
m e rc h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re m e n , who lo a d and unload ships a r e
exclu d ed .

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
ORDER F IL L E R
C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f fic e , ap a rtm en t house, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er e s ta b lish m en t. D uties in v o lv e
a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m oppin g o r scru bbin g, and p o lish in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r re fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , or fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu re s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su pplies and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and c lea n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o rk e rs who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ashing a re e x c lu d e d .




F i lls shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d goods fr o m s to re d m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
ance w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s . M a y, in addition
to f illin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
sitio n a d d ition a l stock o r r e p o r t sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r re la te d du ties.

30

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued

PACKER, SHIPPING
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts fo r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la cin g them in shipping con ­
ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent upon the type, s iz e , and num ber
o f units to be p ack ed , the typ e o f co n ta in er em p lo y e d , and m eth od o f shipm ent. W ork r e q u ire s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
K n ow led ge o f v a rio u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r if y content; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te type
and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u re s in co n ta in er; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and applying la b e ls o r e n te rin g
id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden boxes o r c r a te s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u rp o ses, tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equ ipm ent, as
(T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra ted on the b asis o f t r a ile r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

(co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a ra te ly )
ligh t (under IV 2 ton s)
m ed iu m ( I V 2 to and inclu ding 4 ton s)
h ea vy (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a i l e r typ e)
h ea vy (o v e r 4 ton s, o th er than t r a i l e r typ e)

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in com in g s h ip ­
m ents o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A kn ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u res, p r a c tic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g re c o r d s
o f the goods shipped, m akin g up b ills o f la d in g, p ostin g w eig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s o f shipm ents
a gain st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r sh orta ges and r e je c tin g d am ­
aged goods; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p ro p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y
re c o r d s and f ile s .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tra n s p o rt m a te r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e ,
equipm ent, o r m en b etw een v a rio u s typ es o f e sta b lish m en ts such as: M an u factu rin g p lan ts, fr e ig h t
d ep ots, w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il es ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e ta il e sta b lish m en ts and
c u s to m e rs ' hou ses o r p la c e s o f b u sin ess. M ay a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck with o r w ithout h e lp e rs ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e ex c lu d ed .




O p era tes a m a n u a lly c o n tro lle d g a so lin e- o r e le c tr ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r tr a c to r to tra n s p o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a reh ou se, m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u rp o ses, w o rk e rs a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift )

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w areh ou sin g duties which re q u ir e an understanding
o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls
(o r m e rc h a n d is e ) a ga in st r e c e iv in g docu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obvious
da m a ges; rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e loca tion s; s to rin g , stackin g, o r/ p a lle tiz in g
m a te r ia ls in a cc o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a rra n g in g and taking in v e n to ry o f
sto re d m a te r ia ls ; ex a m in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and dam age; rem o vin g
m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent.
M ay o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru cks in
p e r fo r m in g w areh ou sin g du ties.
E xclu de w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w ork (s e e shipping
and r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ippin g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p era tin g pow er
tru ck s (s e e tr u c k e r , p o w e r ).

31

Available On Request
The follow in g areas are surveyed p erio d ic a lly fo r use in adm inistering the S ervice Contract A c t of
available at no cost while supplies last fro m any of the BLS region al o ffices shown on the back co v e r.
A b ilen e, T ex.
Alam ogordo—
Las Cruces, N. M ex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alexand ria, La.
Atlantic C ity, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Baton Rouge, La.
B illin gs, Mont.
B iloxi— u lfport-Pascagou la, M is s .
G
B rid gep ort, N orw alk, and Stamford, Conn.
Brunswick, Ga.
Cape Cod, M ass.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C la rk s v ille , Tenn., and H opkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.— la.
A
Corpus C h risti, T ex.
Dothan, A la.
Duluth— u perior, Minn.—
S
Wis.
F a y e ttev ille , N.C.
Fitchburg— e o m in s te r, M ass.
L
F o r t Smith, A rk .—
Okla.
F re d e ric k —
Hagerstown—
Chamber sburg—
M artinsburg, Md.—Pa.—
W. Va.
F resn o, C alif.
Gadsden^Anniston, A la.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand F ork s, N. Dak.
Grand Island— astin gs, N ebr.
H

1965.

Copies of public rele a s e s are or w ill be

Great F a lls , Mont.
L aredo, T ex.
Las V egas, N ev.
L ow er E astern Shore, Md.—
Va.— el.
D
M c A lle n — h a rr—
P
Edinburg and B row nsville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, T ex.
Macon, Ga.
M arquette, Escanaba, and Sault Ste. M a rie, Mich.
M erid ian , M iss.
M id dlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and
Som erset C os., N.J.
M ob ile, A la ., and Pensacola, F la.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
N orw ich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—Ventura, C alif.
Panama C ity, Fla.
P eru , Ind.
Pine Bluff, A rk .
Reno, N ev.
Salina, Kans.
Sacram ento, C alif.
San A n gelo, T ex.
Santa Barbara—
Santa M aria—
L om p oc, C alif.
Selm a, A la .
Sherman—
Denison, T ex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, M ass.—Conn.
Tacom a, Wash.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo — a irfie ld —
F
Napa, C alif.
W aco, Tex.
W ilm ington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

Reports for the follow ing surveys conducted in the p rio r year but since discontinued are also available:
A m a r illo , T ex.
B ak ersfield , C alif.
Crane, Ind.
E l Paso, T ex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
F a rg o — oorhead, N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
G reensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisb u rg, Pa.
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fis c a l yea r 1974.

Melbourne— itu s v ille —
T
Cocoa, F la. (B re v a rd C o .)*
M on tgom ery, A la.
N ash ville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Portsm outh, N.H.—
Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, C olo.
Topeka, Kans.
Yuma, A r iz .
See inside back co v e r.

The tw elfth annual rep ort on salaries fo r accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, d irecto rs of personnel, buyers, chem ists, engineers,
engineering technicians, draftsm en, and c le r ic a l em ployees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1764, National Survey of P ro fes s io n a l, A d m in istrative, T ech nical, and
C le r ic a l P ay, June 1972, $1.25 a copy, fro m any of the BLS region al sales offices shown on the back c o v e r, or fro m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Governm ent P rin ting O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402.




Area W age Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A d ire c to ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies
conducted at the request of the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration of the Department of L ab or is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any
of the BLS region al offic e s shown on the back c o v e r, or fro m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Governm ent Prin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Bulletin supplements m ay be obtained, without cost, only from BLS region al o ffic e s .
A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1972 — ------ -------------- _-------------- -----_ _ „ 1775-36,
Albany—
Schenectady^T roy, N .Y ., M ar, 1973 1 ______ __________ 1775-62,
Albuquerque, N. M ex., M ar. 1973______________________________ 1775-52,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J., M ay 1973__________ 1775-90,
N
Atlanta, Ga., May 1973__________________________________________ 1775-79,
Austin, T e x ., Dec. 1972 1________________________________________ 1775-42,
B altim ore, M d ., Aug. 1973_____________________________________ Suppl.
Beaumont— o rt A rthu r—
P
Orange, T e x ., M ay 1973 1 ___________ 1775-82,
Binghamton, N .Y.—P a ., July 1973 1__________________ __________ 1795-1,
Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1973 1— ____ _________________________ 1775-65,
B oise City, Idaho, Nov. 1972 1 _______________ _________________ 1775-32,
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1973___________ ___________________________Suppl.
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1973________________________________________ Suppl.
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1972 1 ____________________________________ 1775-28,
Canton, Ohio, May 1973_________________________________________ 1775-73,
Charleston, W. V a., M ar. 1973__ ______________________________ 1775-74,
Charlotte, N .C ., Jan. 1973_____________________________________ 1775-39,
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a., Sept. 197 3___________________________ Suppl.
Chicago, 111., May 1973____________ ________________ -___________ 1775-88,
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1973________________ ________ 1775-53,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 197 3____________________________ -_______ Suppl.
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 197 3___________ ____________ ___________ Suppl.
Dallas, T e x ., Oct. 1973___________________________________ _
Suppl.
Davenport—Rock Island— olin e, Iowa—
M
111., Feb. 1973_________ 1775-57,
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1972____________________________________ __ 1775-34,
Denver, C olo., Dec. 1972_______________________________________ 1775-35,
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1973________________________________ __ 1775-72,
D etroit, M ich., M ar. 1973 1____________________________________ 1775-89,
Durham, N .C ., A p r. 1973_______________________________________ 1775-61,
F o rt Lauderdale—
Hollywood and W est Palm
Beach, F la ., A p r. 1973________________________________________ 1775-64,
F o rt W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1973______ _____________________ _______ Suppl.
Green Bay, W is ., July 1973____ _________ _____________________ Suppl.
G ree n ville , S.C ., M ay 1973 1 ____________ ___ ___________________ 1775-86,
Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1973_______ ________________________ ________ 1775-71,
H untsville, A la ., Feb. 1973---------------------------------------------- 1775-48,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1973___________________________________ Suppl.
Jackson, M is s., Jan. 1973------------------------------------------ ------ 1775-44,
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1972_______________________________ __ 1775-31,
Kansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ,, Sept. 1973 1_________________________ 1795-4,
Law rence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1973_________________ 1775-93,
H
N
Lexington, K y., Nov. 1973______________________________________ Suppl.
L ittle Rock— orth L ittle Rock, A r k ., July 1973______________ Suppl.
N
Los A n geles—
Long Beach and Anaheim —
Santa A n aGarden G rove, C a lif., Oct. 197 3____ -___________________ ____ Suppl.
L o u is v ille , K y —
Ind., Nov. 1973____________ __________________ Suppl.
Lubbock, T e x ., M ar. 1973______________________________________ 1775-55,
M anchester, N .H ., July 197 3___________________________________ Suppl.
Melbourne— itu s v ille —
T
Cocoa, F la .,
Aug. 1973 1
______________________________________________________ 1795-2,
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
40 cents
F re e
40 cents
55 cents
55 cents
50 cents
F ree
F re e
50 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
F re e
50 cents
50 cents
F re e
F re e

F re e
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
80 cents
35 cents
40 cents
F ree
F ree
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
F ree
40 cents
40 cents
80 cents
50 cents
F re e
F ree
F re e
F re e
40 cents
F re e
55 cents

A re a
M em phis, T e n n .-A r k ., Nov. 1972__ _____ __ ______ ____________
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 197 3________________ __ _____________________
Midland and Odessa, T e x ., Jan. 1973_________________________
M ilwaukee, W is ., May 1973____________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1973_______________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1973______________
Newark and J e rs e y C ity, N.J., Jan. 1973___________ _________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1973_______________________________ .___
New O rleans, L a ., Jan. 1973_____ ____________ _________________
New Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 1973____________________________________
N orfolk— irg in ia Beach—
V
Portsm outh and
Newport News—
Hampton, V a., Jan. 1973 1 ___________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., July 1973_______________________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1973______ ___ _________________ ____
P aterson—
Clifton—P a ssa ic, N.J., June 1973____ ______________
Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J., Nov. 1972____________________________
_
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1973______________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1973 1 ___________________________________
Portland, M aine, Nov. 1973 1 __________________________________
Portland, O reg.— ash., May 1973_______________ ____________
W
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1973_____ ____
P roviden ce— arwick—Pawtucket, R .I.—M a s s .,
W
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1972_____________ - - _ ______
_
Richmond, V a ., M ar. 1973________________________
R iversid e—
San B ernardino—
Ontario, C a lif.,
R ockford, 111., June 1973_________________________
St. Lou is, M o.—
111., M ar. 1973 1 _____ ___________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, Nov. 1973_________________
San Antonio, T e x ., May 1973_____________________
San Diego, C a lif., Nov. 1972______________________
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1973_____
San Jose, C a lif., M ar. 1973______________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1973_________________________
Scranton, P a., July 1973 1
________________________
Seattle— v ere tt, Wash., Jan. 1973_______________
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1973__________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1973_______________ _______
Spokane, W ash., June 1973_________________ _____
T am pa—
St. P etersb u rg, F la ., Aug. 1973_________
T oled o, Ohio— ich., A p r. 1973___________ _______
M
Trenton, N .J., Sept. 197 3_________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a., M ar. 1973___ ______
V
W aterb u ry, Conn., M ar. 1973____ ________ _______
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1973 1_______ ________ _____
W ich ita, Kans., A p r. 1973______________ ________
W o rc e s te r, M ass., M ay 1973_______ ____....______
Y o rk , P a ., Feb. 1973__________________ .__________
Youngstown— arren , Ohio, Nov. 1972__________
W

Bulletin number
and price
1775-30,
Suppl.
1775-41,
1775-83,
1775-49,
1775-91,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1775-94,

40 cents
F ree
35 cents
40 cents
55 cents
50 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents

1775-51,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-92,
1775-45,
1775-96,
1775-67,
1795-6,
1775-87,
1775-85,

50 cents
F ree
F re e
55 cents
55 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1775-84, 35 cents
1775-7,
45 cents
1775-68, 40 cents
1775-60,
1775-80,
1775-69,
Suppl.
1775-78,
1775-40,
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1795-3,
1775-56,
Suppl.
1775-54,
1775-95,
Suppl.
1775-63,
Suppl.
1775-75,
1775-58,
1795-5,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65 cents
35 cents
75 cents
F ree
35 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
F re e
40 cents
50 cents
F ree
40 cents
F ree
50 cents
40 cents
60 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D C. 20212

L A B -441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
C onnecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illin o is
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
C alifornia
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington