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D^ton & Montgomery Co.

Area Wage Siirvey

The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
November 1969

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353- 7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code


* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area Wage Survey
The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area




November 1969

B ulletin

1660-26
February 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




Contents

P r e fa c e

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d etailed data by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n for each
o f t h e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l o f w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

At t h e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s su r v e y r e s u l t s fo r each a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The first
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b u lletin .
T h e se c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a tio n w hich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the U n i t e d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ially.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , in N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f the c i t i e s o f
P o r t l a n d , South P o r t l a n d , and W e stb r o o k ; and the tow ns
of C ap e E liz a b e th , C u m b e rla n d , F a lm o u th , G o r h a m , S c a r ­
b o r o u g h , a n d Y a r m o u t h in C u m b e r l a n d C o u n t y . T h i s s t u d y
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in B o s t o n ,
M a s s . , u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V. M u l k e r n ,
A s sista n t R egion al D ir e c to r fo r O p eration s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
I n d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w ee k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s - m e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d
m
w o m e n _________________________________________________________
A - 3.
O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and tec h n ica l occupation s-*
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s:
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffice
w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________
B - 2. S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ______________________
B - 7 . M ethod of w age d e te rm in a tio n and fre q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t _______________________________________________________

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in side b ack c o v e r.)

a r e a v a ila b le for other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the P o r t la n d a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e fo r se v e n s e l e c t e d
b uilding t r a d e s .

iii

4

6
7
9
10
11
12

13
14
15
16
17
19
20
21




Area Wage Survey---The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s exclu ded fr o m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of t h e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u l a r w ee k ly sc h e d u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h ou r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t co m p o site, areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u ties p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccu p atio n s and E a r n i n g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stud y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
of t h e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s t u d y an d not th e n u m b e r
actually su rv ey ed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y of the
e ar n in g s data.
E sta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( i n th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a s they
r e l a t e to plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk f o r c e a r e exclu ded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e

2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (including le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s"
in clu de w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c le r ic a l or re la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l J r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran ce r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e o f th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te -sh ift h ours a r e paid at n o rm al r a t e s , a d ifferen tial w as re c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f th e p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed uled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o rk , w hether they w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r tim e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s; and f r e q u e n c y o f w ag e p a y m e n t (t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r i t y of su c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c t i c e s l is t e d .
S u m s of in d ivid u al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n te d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (tab le B -5 ) is l i m ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s not i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la t e d a s ap p ly in g to a ll p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
t h o s e w hich o ffer " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits b eyond b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
for this p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if t h e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p la n , even if l e s s than a m a jo r i t y e le c t e d to p a r t ic i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n tr ib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a lly re q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o rk m e n 's co m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n su r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly
to the in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l su c h p la n s to w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i lit y in su r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s, 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of th e l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o ta l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts diving the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
su rg ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete or p a r t ia l paym en t of d o c to rs ' f e e s .
Such p lan s m a y be u n d e r ­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n on p ro fit o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r
this p u r p o se .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
cen tiv e s y s t e m s . U nder a sin g le r a te s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a i d a b o v e o r b e l o w t h e s i n g l e r a t e




fo r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n ts a r e e x c e p t io n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e lo w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h un it o f o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e rce n tag e .
D ata
table B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4
T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1969
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u str y d iv isio n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 8

P la n t
N um ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______ ______________ .

.

____

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5_______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________ _________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______
S e r v i c e s 8-----------------------------------------------------

_

S tu d ie d

T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

155

68

2 7 ,0 1 4

100

1 7 ,8 3 0

4 ,6 7 7

1 8 ,8 8 6

50

45
110

23
45

1 2 ,3 3 1
1 4 ,6 8 3

46
54

9 ,7 4 4
8 ,0 8 6

902
3 ,7 7 5

1 0 ,3 0 0
8 ,5 8 6

50
50
50
50
50

16
22
41
15
16

13
6
13
6
7

3 ,2 0 8
1 ,7 6 6
5 ,7 9 6
2 ,5 6 4
1 ,3 4 9

12
7
21
9
5

1 ,7 0 7
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

656
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

2 ,9 4 0
683
2 ,7 0 8
1 ,4 6 5
790

1
T h e P o r t l a n d S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f th e c i t i e s o f P o r t l a n d , S o u th P o r t l a n d , a n d W e s tb r o o k ;
a n d th e to w n s o f C a p e E l i z a b e t h , C u m b e r l a n d , F a l m o u t h , G o r h a m , S c a r b o r o u g h , a n d Y a r m o u t h in C u m b e r l a n d C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e
a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith
o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f
th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 )| th e s a m p l e
w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e P o r t l a n d a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d
s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g r o u p s
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ______21
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____18
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s _________________ -_______16
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____12
L e a t h e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s __ 11
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______ 7

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
P a p e r m i l l s , e x c e p t b u ild in g
p a p e r ------------------------------------ i 19
E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n en ts an d
a c c e s s o r i e s ______________________ 14
F o o t w e a r , e x c e p t r u b b e r ________11
F a b r ic a te d s t r u c t u r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 8
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ______________
7
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s _________________ 7
C a n n e d , c u r e d , an d fr o z e n
f o o d s _____________________________ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x .
Th e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly, w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h er-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m en ): O ffic e c l e r ic a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )— S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
C o n tin u e d
o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
S e c r e ta r ie s
Ele c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in ists
C le ik s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s se s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
A an d B
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
M e c h a n ic s
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s se s
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o tiv e )
A and B
A , B, and C
P a in ters
C le ik s , o rd er
P ip e fitte rs
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
C le ik s , p a y ro ll
T o o l an d d ie m a k e rs
c la s s B
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A an d B
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
U n sk ille d p la n t (m e n ):
A and B
In d u stria l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m en ):
Ja n ito r s , p o rte rs, an d c le a n e r s
O ffic e b oys an d g irls
N u rse s, in d u stria l ( r e g is te r e d )
L ab o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for ov ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5




T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S ta n d a rd W e e k l y S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s
f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G r o u p s in P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1969 and
N o v e m b e r 1968, and P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
O ffice
clerica l
(m e n and
wom en)

P e rio d

In d u stria l
nurses
( m e n and
wom en)

S k illed
m ain tenance
trades
(m e n )

U n skilled
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

I n d e x e s ( N o v e m b e r 1960=100)

N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ______________________________________
N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ______________________________________

142. 2
134. 6

163. 7
138. 9

144. 6
135. 2

133. 2
122. 7

P e rc e n ts o f in crea se
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber

1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I9 6 0
1959

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber

1 9 6 9 ______________
1968 ______________
1967 ______________
1 9 6 6 ______________
1965 ______________
1 9 6 4 ______________
1 9 6 3 ______________
1 9 6 2 ______________
1 9 6 1 ______________
I 9 6 0 ______________

5.
7.
7.
3.
3.
1.
2.
2.
2.
3.

6
1
2
4
4
9
9
3
2
9

1 T h i s i n c r e a s e r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t a m o n g
in a d d it io n to g e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s .

*17. 9
8. 5
8. 6
3 .9
1. 7
2. 9
4. 9
1. 3
1.9
1. 9

e s ta b lish m en ts

6.
5.
4.
2.
5.
3.
1.
4.
4.
5.

9
2
4
9
2
2
1
1
6
3

8.
7.
2.
2.
2.
4.
1.
.
.
6.

6
6
8
2
1
3
3
4
2
2

w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s

7
A.
Table A-l.

O ccupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly eaming^^^
(standard)
Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y e a r n i n g s of—

t

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

60

S ex, o ccu pa tio n, and in du s tr y d iv i si o n

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

-

ii
ii

-

55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
100

s
105

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
12 5 .5 0
1 20.50

$
1 2 8.50
1 1 4.00

$
$
9 4 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS 8

61

4 0 .0

1 10.00

11 5 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

-

-

6

-

-

1

9

13

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

32
28

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

81 .0 0
82 .0 0

74 .0 0
74 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 -

80.00
80 .0 0

_

2
2

_

18
15

5
5

1
1

1
-

-

-

B I L L E R S . MACHINE (BI LLI NG
MACHINE) --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

29
25

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

76.5 0
75 .0 0

76.5 0
76 .0 0

6 4 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 -

87.50
84 .0 0

~

8
8

3
3

2
l

6
6

2
2

3
2

4
2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS A -----------------------------------

23

3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0

9 7 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

-

1

-

-

6

4

2

2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

68
62

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

83.50
8 3 .5 0

84 .5 0
84 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 7 9 .0 0 -

i
1

1
1

7
6

11
10

16
15

12
10

13
12

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------

1 21
16
105
49

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8.5
3 8 .5

10 5 .5 0
1 11.50
1 05.00
1 12.00

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

418
85
333

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

8 7 .5 0
93.0 0
8 6 .0 0

88 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
86.00

7 9 .5 0 - 94.5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

86
72

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

71.0 0
67.5 0

71 .0 0
69.0 0

6 4 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

75.0 0
73.0 0

5
5

acco unting, c l a s s a
NONHANUFACTURING -------------

91.5 0
92.0 0

1 1 0 . 5C 1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 3 . 5 0
10 9 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 1.00 1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 2.50 1 1 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

115

U5-

120

$

*

%

*

$

$

t

125

130

135

140

145

150

_i l l . . - U S

135

1*0

145

150

155 o v e r

1
-

1
-

3
1

4
1

120

_
-

155
and

105 __LU L

37
26

clerks,

s

$
110

and
un der

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

4

16

22
22

-

-

-

-

1
-

2
-

6
”

2
~

•

6
i
5
1

4

16

35
35

56
7
49

76
18
58

40
10
30

97
9
88

12
12

26
26

8
7

2

2

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

_

5
3

4
4

4
3

-

-

-

~

~

”

“

~

3
3
-

9

19

1

-

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

“

"

1
1

-

1
1

“

~

-

-

6

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

8
2
6
“

19
7
12
1

55
1
54
43

8
i
7
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

31
14
17

33
8
25

5
5

-

1

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

1

1

~

3
1
2

-

_

-

7
7

9

1

2

-

6

*

2

-

10
-

10
-

23
14
9

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------

21

3 9 .0

84.5 0

91.0 0

7 7 .0 0 -

97.0 0

-

-

2

-

8

-

-

4

6

1

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

64
26
38

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

92.0 0
91.5 0
9 2 .5 0

9 3 .0 0
88.00
96.0 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

5
4
1

8
2
6

12
5
7

5
4
i

4
1
3

10
1
9

12
6
6

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

73
61

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

89.0 0
87.5 0

84.0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 -

99.0 0
9 5 .5 0

_

-

-

12
12

8
8

17
16

7
4

2
2

7
4

3
1

2
-

1

-

4
4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

85
73

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

8 0 .5 0
79.5 0

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 -

87 .5 0
86.50

_

_

18

15
13

19
16

12
9

7
6

7
5

SECRETARIES4-----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------

252
51
201

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

103 .0 0
106 .5 0
101 .5 0

8

26

17
1
16
4

21
2
19
2

37
6
31

20
5
15

39
9
30
2

29
11
18

23
2
21

38.5

1 0 4.00
108.50
102.50
1 1 7.00

~

S e e fo otn ote s at end of tab le .




121.00

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

"

7
7

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8

17
2

-

2

-

-

2

-

1
1

-

13
3
10
3

10
2
8
2

1
1
“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

_

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

“

-

10
5
5
1

9
2
7

2
2

5

3
1
2
2

1
1
-

-

-

4

-

5
5

-

-

4
3

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i ed on a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Se x , o cc up ati on, and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y e a r n i n g s of—
S

Average
weekly
hours1
f standard)

$

55
Median 2

and
u nde r

Middle range 2

60

$

60

$

65

S

70

$

75

$

80

$

85

S

90

$

95

S

I

100

105

-

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

110

$

110
,

$

115

S

120

S

S

$

$

120

125

130

135

140

—

—
115

$

125

—

—

135

140

145

$

—

130

145

150

155
and

150

155

o v er

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
SECRETARIES

- CONTINUED
$

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

121.50
122.50

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

115.00131.50
115.50-132.50

106.50
107.50

38.5
3 8.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

107.00
108.00

9 7 .0 0 1 0 0.00-

114.00
114.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

38.5
39.5
38.0

103.50
118.50
94.00

104.00
92.00

8 8 .5 0 107.008 4.00-

118.50
129.50
108.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

38.5
39.0
38.0

98.00
101.50
97.00

95.00
103.50
93.50

89 .5 0 97 .0 0 8 8 .5 0 -

104.00
108.00
102.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

38.5
40.0
38.0

87.50
87.50
87.50

84.00

8 0.00- 94.50
78 .5 0 100.00
80 .5 0 - 93.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

39.0
38.5

98.50
98.00

89.00
88.50

82 .0 0 81 .5 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

4 0.0
39.5

91.50
91.00

91.50
91.00

82.0081.50-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

39.0
39.0

84.50
84.50

83.50
84.00

78.00- 91.00
7 8 .0 0 - 92.00

38.0
37.5
39.0

77.00
77.00
88.50

77.00
77.00
90.50

7 2 .0 0 - 81.50
7 2 .0 0 - 81.50
7 8 .0 0 - 98.00

120 .0 0

84.50
88.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------

123.00
123.00
98.00
94.50

82.00- 92.50
212

190
18

13
12

26
24
1

37
30
1

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e we e kl y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s co m p u te d f o r e a c h job by to ta li ng the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and div id ing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s po s it i o n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a t e shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
The m i d d le r a n g e i s def ined by 2 r a t e s of pa y ; a fo ur th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of t h e s e r a t e s and a fourt h e a r n m o r e than the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th e r pu b li c u t i l i t i e s .
4 M a y in clu de w o r k e r s o th er than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y di v is io n , P o rt l an d , Main e, N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly eaming^^^™
(standard)
Number

Se x , occup ati on, and in d u s tr y di v i si on

workers

%

$
weekly
hours1
( standard)

70
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

*

75

80

85

80

85

90

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - ti m e we e kl y e a r n i n g s of$
t
t
$
$
*
%
*
*
S
110
115
120 125
130
90
100
105
135
140
95
145

♦

$

*

$

15C

155

160

165

155

160

165

170

and
u nde r
75

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

2
2

2
2

3
3

2
2

11
10

2
1

1

5

~

130

135

140

145

150

1
”

“

3
3

-

1
"

'

3
3

1
1

-

MEN
28
23

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------

15

38.0
37.5
o
o

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ------------

$
$
$
$
114.50 112.50 1 0 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
112.00 111.50 1 0 3 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
134.50

150.00

9 9 .00-166.00

-

~

~

~

~

~

_

_

_

“

1
“

2

-

-

“

1

2

4

-

1
1

-

i
i

W EN
OM
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

23
21

38.0
37.5

91.50
89.00

88.50
87.50

83.50 -1 0 3 .0 0
83.00 -1 0 2 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

15
15

40.0
40.0

128.50
128.50

132.50
132.50

116.00-140.00
116.00-140.00

2
2
-

-

6
6

6
6
-

-

-

_

3
3

_

4
4

1
1

1

-

7
6

_

-

2
2

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,
to th e s e wee kl y h o u rs .
2 iFor de finition of t e r m s , se e footnote 2, tab le A - l .




and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Average

O cc u pa ti on an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
29
25

3 8.0
3 8 .0

$
76.50
75 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------

23

3 9 .5

99.0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

74
68

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

84.50
84.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------

158
27
131
53

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

110.50
1 22.00
108.00
114.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

479
96
383

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

90 .5 0
92 .5 0
90.0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

86
72

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

71 .0 0
67.5 0

CLERKS, OROER ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

32
30

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 02.00
1 01.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

72
28
44

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

96.00
93.5 0
98 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

73
61

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

89.00
87 .5 0

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

Average

O cc up ati on and in du s tr y d iv i si o n

Weekly
hour* 1
(standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

85
73

38.0
38.0

80.50.
79.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

32
26

40.0
39.5

$
91.50
91.00

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R LS —
NONMANUFACTURING —

36
32

38.5
38.0

79.50
80.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

63
50

39.0
39.0

84.50
84.50

104.00
108.50
102.50
117.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------

20

38.0

87.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------

2 14
191
19

38.0
37.5
39.0

77.00
77.00
88.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

34
28

38.5
38.0

112.00
110.00

SECRETARIES3-----------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2'

252

26

38.5
39.5
38.5
38.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ---

19
17

38.5
38.0

121.50
122.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

83
75

39.0
39.0

106.50
107.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---

55
34

38.5
39.5
38.0

103.50
118.50
94.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

30
28

37.5
37.5

95.00
93.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ----

69

38.5
39.0
38.0

98.00
101.50
97.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU S IN ES S , CLASS B -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

18
15

38.5
38.0

167.00
163.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---

90
19
71

38.5
4 0.0
38.0

87.50
87.50
87.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU S IN ES S , CLASS C ---------------------------

18

38.5

146.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------

15

134.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

15
15

40.0
40.0

128.50
128.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING ---

51

201

21

89
20

25
21

39.0
38.5

98.50
98.00

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e we e kl y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er pu b li c u ti l it i e s .
3 M a y inc lu de w o r k e r s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Number
of

o
o
*

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BI L LI N G
MACHINE) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

Number
of

r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a nd the earn ing !

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur ly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings

S
2.30

O cc u pa ti on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Median ^

t
(
(
$
$
t
t
t
2.40 2.5 0 2 .60 2 .70 2 .80 2 .90 3.0 0 3 .10

$

2.91

$

2.78

$
2.68-

-

-

-

2 .40

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE

an d
u nd er

2.50

2.60

2.70

-

-

2 .80

27
21

3 .50
3.55

3.38
3.38

3 .0 8 - 3.97
3.09- 4.10

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ------------------

25

2 .6 6

21

2.71

2.65
2.69

2.5 4 2.5 8 -

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------

21

3.98
3.98

4.23
4.23

3 .7 5 - 4 .27
3 .7 5 - 4 .27
2.6 9 2.9 6 2.3 9 2.3 7 -

3.24
3.33
3.23
3 .29

20

3
3

105
31
74
57

2.9 6
3.14
2.89

3.01
3.12
2.94
2.99

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------

106
85

3.38
3.43

3.16
3.16

2 .9 2 - 4 .08
2 .9 0 - 4 .12

77
77

3 .65
3.65

3.65
3.65

3.313.31-

TOOL AND 0 1E MAKERS
MANUFACTURING ---

8
7

1
1

5
1
4
1

-

-

3 .10 3 .20

,
-

3.3 0

3 .40

6
1
5
-

1

3.50

4

1
1

2
2

3.60

3 .60

3.70

3.70

3 .80

-

-

-

3.8 0

3.90

4.00 4 .1 0

-

-

3 .90 4 .00

-

4.2 0

4.30

-

and

4 .10 4 .2 0

4 . 3 0 'o v er

4

7
7

9
3
6
6

3
3

and l a t e s h i f t s .

16
16

25
15

3
3

8
1
7
7

-

4
4

1
1

3
3

2

-

-

12
12

1
1

1
1

-

1
1
12
5
7
2

2
2

1
1

7
1
6
6

6
4

-

1
1

12
4
8
4

13
9
4
4

2
2

7
7

2
2

5
l

13
13

20
20

holidays,

8
8
1
1

2
2
-

4
4

3.84
3.84

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 F o r de fin it ion o f t e r m s , s e e foo tnote 2, t a b l e A - 1.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o th er p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




2 .90 3 .00

1
1

2.86
2.87

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-

2.88

-

S
3 .50

$
2 .98

ELEC TR IC IA N S, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------

21

-

t
t
$
3 .20 3 .30 3.40

6

7
7

7
-

6

3
3

5

3
1
24
24

10
10

1
1
-

-

21
21

1
1

15
15

9
9
6
6

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1969)
Hourly earnings

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
5

»

i

1.60

1.70

1 .8 0 1.90

and
under

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

i

_

1.70
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

53
36

J AN IT OR S , PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------

$

1.80

*

i

_

*

*

2.30

i

2 .00 2 .10 2 .20

2 .40 2 .50

i

I

i

_

1.90

*

l

2 .60 2 .70 2 .8 0

t

~

2 .00

2 .10

3
3

2.20

2 .30

2.40

2 .50

2.60

$

2 .9 0 3.0 0

----------1---------- i ----------- 1 ---------- $---------- $--------- T --------

3 .1 0 3.20

3.30

3.40

~

2 .70

2.80

2 .90

8
5

3.50

_

3 .00

3.10

16
4

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.6C 3 .7 0

_

3.50

_

3.6 0

and

3.7C

10
10

$

2.52
2.46

2.79
2.75

2.0 3 1.98-

2.98
3.02

239
148
91
25

2.31
2.3 5
2.2 4
2.52

2.39
2.42
2.26
2.63

2 .1 1 2.1 5 1.8 4 2.3 3 -

2.60
2 .57
2.81
2 .88

JA NIT OR S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

62
50

1.91
1.87

1.78
1.77

1.741.73-

2 .0 0

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

486
198
288

2 .45
2 .37
2.50

2.44
2.36
2.54

2 . 11 2 . 102 . 12 -

2.80
2.55
2 .99

ORDER
F I L L E R S ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

275
218

2.71
2 .75

2 . 68-

2.71-

3.03
3.04

2.0 5 -

2.37

PACKERS,

SHIPPING -----------------------------

2.02

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2.28
2 .25

2.28
2.24

2.80
2.81

2.88

2.91

2.452.44-

2 .91
2.87

3.03
3.07

2.762.73-

2 .52
2.51

2.53
2.52

2.252.23-

2.96
2.57
3.53
3.61

2.442.472.442.47-

36
35

23
16
7
1

29
26
3
3

74
39

27
1
26

18
2

3
1
56
30
26

15
6

33
27

38
13
25

19
11

21

12

69
21

30
30

12
12

11

3.65
2 .77
3 .66
3.66

2.0 5 -

6

2.84
2.60

3.01
2.63
3 .06
3 .19

44
38

3 .15
3 .16

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

38
37

5
3
2

3.23
3.24

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

8

2.192.04-

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

9
3
6

16

3.52

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

5 50
23 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

1
2
3
4
5

10

2.24
2 .67

2 .2 2

2.74

2.0 5 2.4 8 -

3.18
3.21
2 .97

3.60
3.61
2.49

2 .522.5 0 2.4 4 -

3.66
3 .67
3.64

-

-

-

-

3.42
3 .63
3.63

3.64
3.65
3.65

3.6 0 3.6 2 3.6 2 -

3 .67
3 .67
3.67

-

-

-

-

2.59
2 .58

2.63
2.58

2 .3 2 - 2 .83
2 .3 5 - 2.77

12
12

-

132
95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
F o r d e f in i ti o n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, t a b l e A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r pu b li c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d, r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e an d typ e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




15
95
91

94

231
131

2.33
2 .80

3 89
3 65
15 6

29
2
27

110

3
7

24

112

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------TRUCKERS, POWER ( FOR KLI FT) ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

10
10

10
-

90

3
-

12
-

6
1

16
-

94

22
22

-

-

-

6

24
24

3
-

-

-

6

42
42

-

-

12
12

-

-

3
3

29
27
-

-

2

1
1
1

1
-

-

-

—
-

3
-

1

3
3
3
15
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

16
-

-

-

—
-

—
—
-

166
166
66

-

65
65
65

1
-

1
-

over

13
B. E stablish m en t P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u f a c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

37 */i

40

23

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

68

23

68

N o n m a n u fa c t u r ng

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
sc h e d u le s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d __ _____ ___ ________ __ ___ ___ ______

O th e r i n e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

A ll
sc h e d u le s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37V2

40

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

40

_ __

24

4

4

20

5

11

43

14

13

29

7

17

u n d er $ 5 7 .5 0 .. —
___ .
__ ____
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ___________ ____ ___ _______________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ___________ ______ __________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 00_______________ ___ __
______
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 __ _____
_____ __ __ _________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ____ __________________ . _ _________
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 __ _________ _______ ____________ ___
----- -------u n d e r $ 7 7 . 50----------- —
o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
1
8
1
3
1
1
4
2

_
.
1
1
1
1

1
2
1
7
1
2
1
3
2

_
1
3
1
-

_
3
1
2
.
.
3
2

1
2
1
12
4
7
5
2
6
3

_
.
3
1
3
4
1
2
-

_
3
1
3
4
1
1
-

1
2
1
9
3
4
1
1
4
3

_
1
3
1
1
1

-

_
.
1
1
1
1
-

*

_
5
1
4
1
3
3

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----- --------------

6

1

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

7

3

XXX

4

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y . ---------------------------------------------------------------

37

18

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

17

6

XXX

11

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m .
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 .5 0

and
an d
an d
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

D a t a n o t a v a i l a b l e ____________

1
2
3

—

. . .

----

.

—-----

1

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .







Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 19 6 9 )
______________________________ ( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g * 100 p e r c e n t ) _____________
P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c t u r in g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

L a t e - s h ift p ay p r o v isio n

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d sh ift

T o tal

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ______

S e c o n d sh ift

73.5

----------------- ------------------------------------

T h i r d o r o th e r
sh ift

66 .0

1 8 .0

9.9

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

2.5

2.5

1.0

0.2

7 1 .0

6 3 .5

1 7 .0

9.7

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _________________

4 5 .8

3 6 .5

1 1 .3

5.5

5 c e n t s _________ ________________________
7 V2 c e n t s _______________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________
---- —
------------------------10 c e n t s
12 c e n t s _________________________________
- - ——
1 S c e n t s ------------- 16 c e n t s ------------------—
-------------- ------189
/io c e n t s
2 0 c e n t s ----- -------------------------------- —

1 .9
4 .1
2 5 .5
3 .5
2 .8
5.8
-

_
6 .0

.6
.8
5 .6
.9
1.0
1.2
-

4.2

1 .2

-

-

-

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e --------------------------------

2 5 .2

2 3 .6

5 .7

4.1

8 p e r c e n t _________________ ____________
10 p e r c e n t _______________________________
15 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------

1 7 .9
7 .3
-

1 7 .9
5 .6

4.1
1.5

4.1

-

-

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t --------

—

T y p e an d a m o u n t o f d if f e r e n t ia l:

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ----------

2.3

-

-

2 .8
3 .6
2 1 .9
2 .2

-

.2

-

-

.1

3.5

1
I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g ,
e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

_
1.0

o r h a v in g

fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v e rin g

la te

sh ifts,

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 19 6 9 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

___________

---------------------- ----

....

__ _

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
2

-

-

5
1

4

-

2
5

68
22

59

54
1
45

5
2
4

____

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

62
12

35 h o u r s ----

___

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

1
4

A ll w o r k e r s -

M a n u f a c tu r in g

2

19
9
7

6

1
2
3
4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

n
7

6

33
8
40

91

1

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

98

100

100

100

100

5

2

“

"

"

"

1
5
21
2
22
3
40
~
1
“

_
8
21

15
7

_

_

_

30
2
37

18

N um ber of d ay s
4 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------8 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------9 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------10 h o lid a y s — -----------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------

“

54
6
“

1
8
1
14
1
63
6
4
1

4
8
46

-

3
39

72

-

-

~

24
3

-

1
-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 4

I 0 V2 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
a n d no

_
1
1
45
68
89
93
95

_
-

39
69
90
98
98

-

6
6
60
78
85
85
100

1
5
11
76
91
99
100
100

_
-

42
88
96
100
100

3
27
27
99
99
100
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , an d s o on.
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u l a t e d .




17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
85
15
-

100
73
27
-

100
100
-

100
99
1

100
95
5
-

100
100
-

-

-

"

“

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------- -- -----------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ----------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t — ----- ---------------------O t h e r ---------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------- -----2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

17
23
2
2

27
19
2
*

9
7
26

4
40
13
7

11
54
13
1

13
49

72
2
25
1

87
2
11
’

52
41
7

20
75
5

31
44
25

31
69
-

40
2
55
1
2

61
2
37
~
-

19
9
66
7

5
85
3
7

22
53
25

4
91
5

12
1
81
2
4

19
2
76
3

85
9
7

1
89
3
7

6
69
25

95
“
5

8
1
85
2
4

11
2
84
3

85
9
7

(6 )
90
3
7

2
72
25

95
5

5
79
2
14

9
78
2
11

-

82
18

(6)
77
4
18

2
56
42

89
11

3
22
2
70
2

6
13
2
79
*

(6)
11
3
83
2

2
10
87
“

1
96
3

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---- ------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s - _ — _
------ —
----2 w e e k s ---------— — -------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s — ------ -- - ----------- ------------------------A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ,--------- - ---------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 4 y e a r s o r s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------- — ----------- ----------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s
---------- —
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------- ---------------- A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------— ---2 w e e k s - - ---------- ------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------- ----3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________ _________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------- ---O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le .




-

98
2

-

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s *

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5— C o n tin u e d
A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________

3
21
2
71
2

6
13
2
79
-

98
2

(6)
11
3
84
2

2
10
87
-

_
i
_
96
3

3
17
1
54
1
23

6
8
59
2
24

79
21

(6)
9
3
73
1
13

2
5
82
11

_
1
92
7

3
15
1
32
1
45
1

6
8
43
2
40
-

7
91
2

(6)
8
3
30
58
1

2
5
48

_
1
10

-

-

45
-

86
3

3
12
1
33
33

6
8

-

(6 )
6
3
32
45
1
13

2
5
47
22
25

_
1
10
37
_
52

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------- ----------------------------------------A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
_
__
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w eeks —
_ - — ------ _
— - ----------5 w e e k s --------- - ------------------ ----------- A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------- -----------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

-

17

39
22
24

7
65
28

3
12
1
33
33
17

6
8
39
22
24

7
65
28

6
3
32
45
13

2
5
47
22
25

_
1
10
37
52

3
12
1
33
33
17
“

6
8
39
22
24
“

7
65
28
“

(6 )
6
3
32
45
13
1

2
5
47
22
25
“

_
1
10
37
52
“

-

-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

(6)

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------7 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

1
I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a li f y in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
‘ I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s i n d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

6




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 19 6 9 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f it a n d f i n a n c i n g 1
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s-

__— - __ ____

__ _ _

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s sh o w n b e l o w ____________

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

98

98

100

99

99

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e --- --- --------------— ______ _________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s .
A c c id e n ta l d e ath an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
__ _
_
_ ___ _ __
i n s u r a n c e ___
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s - _ _____ ____
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 ___________________________

93
67

98
80

100
77

91
76

98
81

100
85

63
37

64
51

91
44

70
45

80
67

95
33

80

86

75

83

51

95

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _______ __
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s .
_
____
S i c k le a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ______________— --------------S i c k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) .
__ ___
_____ _____

65
50

83
70

37
26

43
37

46
37

14
9

24

4

22

68

37

67

6

3

26

6

*

20

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e . _________ _______
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e . . ---------- ---------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s __ __ __ ______________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _
________ ___
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____ _ _
_______
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s - _____
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ____ _— --------- -— _______. __
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s - ____
__ _____

94
63
94
63
82
53
67
32
67
54

98
82
98
82
90
75
67
35
81
73

100
63
100
63
91
63
78
76
73
61

85
46
85
46
78
36
83
45
76
58

98
77
98
77
93
47
78
25
88
71

100
47
100
47
99
47
93
90
79
67

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y
b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
*
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e li m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




20

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

_____

100

100

100

100

100

100

P a i d t i m e r a t e s _________________________ ________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ____________________________
S in g le r a t e _________________________ _______
R a n g e o f r a t e s _____________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r it
r e v i e w __ ______ _ __ ______ _____
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w ____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y _________________________
P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s _______________________
P i e c e r a t e ___________________ _________________
I n d i v i d u a l____________________________________
G r o u p ________________ __________________ —
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ______________________ ______
I n d iv id u a l- _________________________________
G r o u p ________________________________________
C o m m i s s i o n ____ ______________________________

77
66
32
33

72
66
42
24

99
96
41

100
81
2
79

100
90
9
82

100
83
4
79

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1

55

5

2

32

10

2

71

24

22

9

55

77

8

5

6
28
16
16
13

3
1
-

13
19
-

3
10
-

17
-

12
23
9
9
7
(5 )
7
7

-

-

-

100
-

100
-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

-

13

1

F req u en cy of w age paym ent
W .e e k ly ______________________________________ _____
B i w e e k ly _________________________________ ________
S e m im o n t h ly _____________ _________________ _____
M o n t h ly ______________ —
-_________
________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y _________ _______________________

1
2
3
4
5

100
-

79
21
-

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n , s e e I n t r o d u c t io n .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




96
4
-

sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

100
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t , th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il lin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l l y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s of a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s tin g an d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, ph one, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on. o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATOR
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

21

22
S E C R E T A R Y --- C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BO Y OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SECR ETA R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in it io n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tif y su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r ~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A P H ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m i t e d te le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

23
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u i r in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s no t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g r o u p o f t a b u i a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e no t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IST
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL

COM PUTER O PERATO R

CO M PUTER PROGRAM ER,

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ram .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e
in s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f d a t a t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : A p p li e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a t a w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h i s i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th a t i d e n t i f ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n an d g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s l i t t l e o r n o t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ^ a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n tif y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v in g r o u t in e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c ie n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a i l e d in s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s.
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h i s r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a t a w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

24
CO M PUTER PRO GRAM ER,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

CO M PUTER SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f in i n g , a d a p t i n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r su p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ir e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U SIN E SS

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d id e n t i f i e s c o n d it io n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o£ w o r k an d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s an d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n ew a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f ie d

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d

to

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l ic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p l a n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,

MAINTENANCE
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y




C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n en ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R

a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re co m ­
m e n d a t io n s , if n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a ss is t.

OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

D RA FT SM A N

C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s an d c o n c e p ts u su a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n in g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
CO M PU TER SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

m a in t a in i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in i n g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s an d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s

c lo se ly

su p e r v is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

D POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

25
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y i n g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a t i n g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f .the m a in te n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T I V E ( M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l l i n g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c ts,m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g a.nd la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f




M A IN T E N A N C E

26
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d t o o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U A RD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
t h e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LEA N ER

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

(S w e e p e r; ch a rw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l . o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o l is h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d i n g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s ;

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o rk ers are

POW ER

SH IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a t a on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e sta b lish m e n t.

m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a p e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e t e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn ey s, c h e m ists, e n gin e e rs, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1654, N a tio n al S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T ec h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1969.
Seventy-five
c e n ts a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age an d H o u r an d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1 ------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1969------------------------------A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
B e a u m o n t - P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969-------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1_________________________
B o i s e C i ty , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1969_______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v . 1968 1 ______________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
C an to n , O hio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969______________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1969--------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _______________________________
C i n c in n a ti , Ohio— y .—I n d ., M a r . 1969 1 ________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969_____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1 9 6 9______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t. 1969__________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l in e , Iowar—
R
M
111.,
O c t. 1969 1 _____________________________-_______ -________
D ay to n , O h io , J a n . 1969 1 _______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D ec . 1968____________________ ____ ______
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 ---------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x . , O c t. 1969-__________________ -________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1____________________________
H o u st o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 * - _____________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1--------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1 ---------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 -------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1969 ------------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 --------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e irr r- S a n ta A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1 _______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969—----------------------------------M e m p h i s , Te n n .— r k . , Nov. 1968------------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1968 1________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969-----------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969____ -— --------------------------M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1969----------------------

 D a ta on esta b lish m e n t


Bu lletin n um ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-1 1,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1660-16,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
45 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts

1660-20,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50
40
30
30
30
35
25
35
35

p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n tary w a ge provision s are a lso p resen ted.

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1969 _______
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , Con n ., J a n . 1969 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y l 9 6 9 1______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ________________________
P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1 ___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s .,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 -------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A ug. 1969________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, D e c . 1968________________________
S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e rn a rd in c r-R iv e rsid e — n tario , C alif.,
O
O ct. 1968 1 ------------------ ------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1968______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
S e a t t l e r - E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969_____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1969 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1969 1 ______________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b . 1969 1________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
R
W a s h in g to n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1968_________________
W a t e r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1969___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1 9 6 8 1_____________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969------------------------------------------------Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1968__________________
W

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
60 c e n ts

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n ts
35c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35c e n ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c en ts
35 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
O FFIC IA L




20212

BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

i
----------------- 1

I F I R S T C L A S S MAIL I

I__________________________ l