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j 3-3:
l

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-70




Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
Decern ber 1978

Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s of a D e c e m b e r 197 8 s u r v e y of o c c u p a ­
tional e arn in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits in the P o r t l a n d , M a in e ,
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y was m a d e as p a r t of
the B u re au o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was
conducted by the B u re a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in B osto n , M a s s . , under the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of G or d on E. B o w e n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O p e ratio ns .
T h e s u r v e y cou ld not ha ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d withou t the
c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m any f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the
b as is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this bulle tin.
T h e B u re a u w is h e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .




M a t e r i a l in this p u b lic a tio n is in the pub lic d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e cred it
the B ureau of L a b o r S t a tis tic s and c i t e the na m e and nu m b e r of this
publication.

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the P o r t l a n d a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e
r a te s f o r s even s e l e c t e d buil din g t r a d e s .
F r e e copies of th ese a r e availab le
f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s . (S e e b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
December 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Page

Page

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner
April 1979

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________

Bulletin 2025-70

Tables:

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U S Government Printing Office,
Washington. D C 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Digitized for 20- Make checks payable to Super­
Price $1 FRASER
intendent of Documents
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2

T a b l e s — Continued
B.

E a r n in g s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A - l . W e e k l y earnin gs o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __ 3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e arnin gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and techn ic a l w o r k e r s
5
A - 3. A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , by s e x
6
A - 4 . H o u r l y earnings o f m ain te n an c e ,
to o l r o o m , and p o w e r plant
w orkers
7
A - 5. H o u r l y earnings o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cu s tod ia l w o r k e r s . . . 8
A - 6. A v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f
m ainte n ance, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
custo dia l w o r k e r s , b v s e x
9
A - l . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
ho u r ly e a r n in g s , adjusted f o r
e m p lo y m e n t s hifts , f o r s e l e c t e d
occup atio nal g r o u p s __________________ i o

E s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m entran ce s a l a r i e s f o r
i n e x p e r i e n c e d typ ists and c l e r k s ___
B - 2 . L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s fo r
f u l l - t i m e m anufactu rin g
p ro d u c tion and re la te d w o r k e r s . . .
B- 3. Scheduled w e e k l y hours and days of
fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w orkers
B - 4 . Annual paid h o lid ays f o r f u l l - t i m e
w orkers
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a tio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________________
B - 6 . Health , insuran ce, and pension
plans f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _________
B - 7 . L i f e insuran ce plans f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________________

A p p e n d ix A.
A p p e n d ix B.

11

12
13
14
15
17
18

Scope and met hod o f s u r v e y _________ 21
O ccup ation al d e s c r i p ti o n s
27

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 of 7 5 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
rea u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e f its .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s i d e b ac k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
occup atio nal e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d an nually.
Infor­
m a tio n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e fits ( B s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have b e e n c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u ll e tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r eac h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the se co n d p r e s e n t s national and r e ­
giona l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r a l l
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d State s , exc lu d in g A l a s k a
and H aw a ii .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c han ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m ainte n ance t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m an u fa c tu rin g
and no nm anufacturing s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
te nance w o r k e r s in nonm anufa ct uring b e c a u s e the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in this occupational group in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a t e p resenta tion .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r
e l i m i n a t i o n of changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d by e m p l o y m e n t shifts
am on g e s ta b lis h m en ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r th e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e nd ix A.
B -series

tables

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro ugh the a n a l y s i s o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n of w a g e s by occupation,
and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y oc c u p atio n al c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
including w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s ­
s is ta n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e
C o n t ra c t A c t o f 1965.

The B - s e r i e s ta ble s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty pis ts and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p ay p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p ro d uction and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m an u fa c tu rin g ; and data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p ro d uction and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
uled w e e k l y hours and days of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a ­
tions; health, insuran ce, and p e n s io n plans; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on l i f e insuran ce plans.

A -series

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p ts used in the a r e a
wage survey p ro gra m .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a ' s i n d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c tu r in g , and l a b o r management agreem en t c o v e ra ge .

ta b le s

T a b l e s A - l th ro ugh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in oc c up atio ns c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m an u fac tu rin g and nonm anu fa cturin g i n d u s tr i e s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro ugh A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




A p p e n d ix e s

Ap p end ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used by B u re a u
o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occupation.

field econ ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
Weekly earnings
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Num ber of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
Ts"

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

10b

Under
%

U 0

12b

130

140

lbO

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

280

and

260

280

o ver

2b0

and

under

1U0

110

ALL

lib

260

-

110

lib

120

12b

130

140

lb O

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

2b0

WO RKERS

5
S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------M AN U F AC TU R IN G -------NONMANU FAC TUR ING —
PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S

195
76
119
21

3V.
39.
3b.
39.

0
b
b
b

$

192. ou lb / . 00 1 6 0 . 0 0 - 2 2 0 . 0 0
204.
213. U 1 8 0 . 0 0 U
2 3 0 .0 0
Ib 4 . o u ! lb U . 00 l b B . 0 0 - 2 0 0 . 0 0
2 6 b .0 0
211. O J i 192. 00 1 6 0 . 0 0 -

A

lb

3b. b 215. UU 209 U
U

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B
NONMAN UF ACT UR ING ----

39
37

3b. 0 206. 50 199. 50 1 8 3 . 0 0 3b. 0 206. bu j 19b. 00 1 8 3 . 0 0 -

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C
M AN U F AC TU R IN G ---------NONM ANU F ACTURING ----

6b
37
2b

39. 0 202. bU 20b • 00 1 8 2 . 0 0 2 3 0 .0 0 |
40. 0 222. 5U 226. 50 2 0 8 . b O - 2 3 6 . b O |
3b. b 176. 5 j 179. 50 1 6 3 . U 0 - 1 9 U . b U I

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS 0 -M A N U F AC TU R IN G -------------NONMANU FAC TUR ING ---------

34
Id
19

39. 0 180, 50 170. 00
39. u 199. 50 213. 00
39. b 16b. bU 160. 00 l b l . 5 U - 1 7 2 . U U

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

3b
30

38. u 180, bU 16b. 00
3b. u 179. 00 163 00

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

-

2
2

24
19

3b. 0 167 bu 16b 00
37. b 162 OU 163 00

_

-

2
2

-

-

17
17

37. 0 149 bU 13b 00
37. U 149 bU 13b 00

-

-

-

-

-

1 53
150

37. b 134 Ou 13U uo
37 b 134 .OU 130 .00

3
3

37. b 147.50
37 b 147 .ou

146 .00
146 .00

S E C R E T A R IE S .

CLASS

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ---------------------------NO ill d A N UF A C T O R ! N o ----------------ST EN O G R A P H E R S. GENERAL
NONMANU FAC TUR ING -------T R A N S C RIB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T S
NONMANU FAC TUR ING ----------------T Y P I S T S ---------------------NONM ANUF ACTURING

2 2 4 .0 0 |
2 2 7 . bO j

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

2
1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2
-

6
6

4
4

1

-

“

7
7

3
2

1
1

b
b

-

1

6
6

-

5
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

b
3
2

6
6
-

2
1

-

-

1
1

_

2
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

3
3

3
3

31
31

14
14

lb
14

29
29

2/
27

17
17

6
4

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

b
b

14
14

12
12

5
1

1
1

3
3

3
3

3
3

31
31

14
14

lb
14

24
24

15
15

b
b

5
5

1
1

6
6

13
13

12
12

4
4

7
b

1
1

4
4

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
5

2
1

1
-

2
-

3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

5
1
2

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

37 U 130 .UU 12b .00
37 U 130 .ou 12b .00

F I L E C L E R K S -------------------NONMAN UF ACT UR ING -----

73
71

37 b 11/ .bu 116 bO
37 b 117 .Ou l i b .50

9

17
1/

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS C
NONM ANU FACTURING -----

6U
bb

37 b 113 .50 110 .00
37 b 112 .50 110 .00

9
9

17
17

6
6

10
10

11
11

4
4

3
1

-

-

-

-

M E S S E N G E R S ---------------NON MANUFACTURING

23
20

38 U 140 .50 123 .00 1 1 6 . U 0 - 1 3 2 . U U
38 U 143 • U 122 50 1 1 b . b O - 1 3 3 . b U
«J

_

4
4

1
1

b
b

2
-

4
3

3
3

1
1

-

-

“

“

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S
NON M ANUF ACTURING —

;
46 1 39 0 |13b .50 120
3b | 3** b 126 .00 l i b 00

14
14

-

7
7

b
6

2
2

2
2

1

-

-

-

-

2
1

S W IT C H B O A R O O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M AN U F AC TU R IN G ---------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

57
20
37

1
1

5
b

3
1
2

15
/
6

11
6
b

7
2
b

2
1
1

2
1
1

o
c

_

-

3
3

1 lb
117

2
2

-

“

b
b

4 at $ 280 to $ 300; and 1 at $3 0 0 to $ 320.

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




_

-

4
4

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 100 to $ 105.

_

-

7
5
4

3b
33

*
**

_

-

2
2

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A NONM ANUF ACTURING

39 b 14b • ou 13/ • 00
144 .00
40 U jl44 • UU 1
39 0 ;145 • UU 137 00

_

3
1
2

3

-

“

2

“

-

-

-

_
_
-

_

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978— Continued
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
S

$
105

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nder
and
S
u n d er
103
110

S

S
110

113

S
120

S

i

123

13 U

%

140

5

%

%

130

160

1 70

$
180

$
190

$
200

*

%

210

220

%

2 30

%

240

%

250

260

280
and

113

120

123

130

140

130

160

1 70

180

190

20u

210

220

23U

240

230

260

280

over

A L L WO R KE R S—
CO N T IN U ED
ORDER

CLERKS

------------------------------------------

27

$
S
3 9 . 0 1 3 7 . OU 1 4 6 . 0 0

$
$
1 2 8 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .3 0

4

2

2

2

4

2

5

3

1

-

4

2

-

2

-

3

3

4

A ---------------------

17

3 8 . 5 17J.3 U

1 7 5 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0 - 1 9 4 .0 0

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

ACCOUN TING C L E R K S --------------------------------MAN UFAC TURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

<*53
58
395

3 d .5 1 8 6 .5 0
4 0 . U 1 7 4 .0 0
3 8 .5 ld d .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 4 2 .3 0
1 A A .0 0 -1 9 A .0 0
1 A 5 • 0 0—2 A 2 . 5 0

2
2

6
6

3
3

9
9

23
23

11
11

34
8
26

44
9
33

30
7
43

39
6
33

28
6
22

26
6
20

22
4
18

7
7

8
2
6

6
4
2

3
4
1

39
1
3d

54
54

3
1
2

32
32

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S A ----------MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

187
25
162

3 9 . U 2 0 8 .5 0 1 9 6 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 9 d • OU 1 8 3 . 3 0
3 8 . 5 2 1 0 .0 0 1 9 8 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 5 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 - 2 2 5 .0 0
1 7 0 . 0 0 - 2 5 6 . UO

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

8
1
7

13
13

13
2
13

8
1
7

22
4
18

19
6
13

13
1
12

3
5

5
3

4
4
“

3
4
1

5
1
4

54
34

1
1

_

"

10
10

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S B ----------MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

266
33
233
73

3d.
40.
3d.
39.

6
6

3
3

9
9

23
23

11
11

26
/
19

33
3
30
1

31
3
26
2

6
2
4

7

2

'

2
1

3
2
1
1

2
2
2

“

34
34
34

-

”

9
3
6
6

2
2
2

22
22
* 22

ORDER

CLERKS?

CLASS

BO O KKEEPIN G-M A CHIN E

OPERATORS

-

-

“

31
9
22
4

3 9 .5

1 4 8 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 0 . UO-17 0 .0 0

-

-

3

-

5

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

59
27
32

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -------------------------------------MAN UFAC TURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 9 4 .3 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 2 2 3 .0 0
2 4 2 .3 0 - 2 8 2 .0 U

1
7

-------

1 3 2 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0

3 9. O 1 6 1 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 3 8 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 6 3 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0 - 1 7 1 .0 0
1 2 3 . 0 0 - 1 8 0 . 5U

-

-

-

2
2

6
6

4
2
2

13
lu
3

4
4
~

9
3
6

1
1

4
3
1

2
2

-

3

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

“

3
2
1

3

“

“

-

-

-

3
3

1 4 3 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 0 . 0 0 - 1 6 5 . 3U
1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 0 . OJ
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 6 4 .3 0

-

4
4

6
6

3
3

15
13

4
1
3

36
8
30

26
4
22

23
6
17

22

6
1
3

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

-

~

9
9

i
1

d
8

_
-

“

5
3
“

-

2
2

2

14
14

2
2

7
1
6

20

3
3

-

-

“

9
9

1
1

8
8

_

“

1
1
“

3
5

11

3
3

-

2

1
1

13

3

16
11

2
2

3
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2

24
20

-

13

22
16

5 1 7 1 . OU
0 1 3 5 .3 0
5 1 7 3 .5 0
0 2 4 2 .0 0

1 5 6 . 5U
1 6 3 .0 0
3 d . O 1 5 4 .0 0

2

“

KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

8U
21
59

3 d . 0 1 8 1 .O U 1 6 5 . 3 0
4 0 . O 1 8 A . 0 *J 1 9 0 . 0 0
3 7 . 5 1 7 9 .5 0 1 6 3 .3 0

1 4 0 . 3 0 - 2 1 6 . OU
1 6 4 .0 0 - 2 1 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 - 2 4 2 .3 0

-

-

-

“

KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

97
do

3 8 . 5 1 3 6 .5 0
3 d . 3 1 3 3 .3 0

1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 2 .3 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0

-

4
4

c

177
3d
139

o

E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

KEY

3 8 .5

2
~

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0

6
6

_____________ ___________
*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d as f o llo w s :

12 at- $ 280 to $ 300; and 10 at $ 300 to $ 320.

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




4

3
3

-

9
13

9

7

“

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

140
U n d er

%
140

150

ALL

160

1/0

180

190

200

21U

220

230

240

250

260

280

270

300

320

340

160

1 /0

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

320

340

360

WORKERS

C OM PU Tt R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------- ------

3 8 . 5 3 6 7 . UU 36 1 • UU 3 4 7 . 5 0 3 8 . 5 3 7 1 . OU 3 6 1 . 0 0 3 5 1 . 5 0 -

C OM P U TE R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) • C L A S S B ---------------------NONMANUf A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

3 8 7 . 5U
4 U 1 .U U

3 9 . 0 3 7 2 . OU 3 7 8 . UU 3 4 3 . 5 0 4 U 4 .U U
3 9 . U 3 7 6 . UU 3 8 3 . OU 3 4 8 . U U - 4 1 l . U U

COM PUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) —
NO NMA NUF A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 U U . 5 U 3 0 4 • 5U 2 6 1 . 5 0 3 0 6 . UO 3 U 9 . 0 0 2 8 5 . 5 0 -

3 2 6 . 5U
3 2 6 .5 0

C OM PU TE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

20
20

3 8 . 5 3 4 2 . OU 3 3 0 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 3 4 2 . OU 3 3 0 . 0 0

2 9 3 .5 0 - 3 9 7 .5 0
2 9 3 . 5 0 - 3 9 7 . 5U

-

COMP UTE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

27
2U

3 8 . 5 2 7 9 .5 0
3 8 . U 2 8 6 .5 0

2 6 2 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 - 3 U 7 .5 U
2 4 0 .5 0 - 3 1 6 .5 0

-

COMPU TE R O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

84
71

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 9 9 . 5U 1 8 8 . 5 0
2 0 0 . OU 1 9 0 . 0 0

1 4 9 .0 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0 - 2 4 0 .5 0

**13
13

C OM PU TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------N ON HAN UF ACT URI N G ---------------------------

18
16

3 8 . 5 2 5 0 .5 0
3 8 . 5 2 5 2 .0 0

2 4 2 .5 0
2 4 2 .5 0

21 1 . U 0 - 2 9 5 . 5 0
2 1 1 .5 0 - 2 9 5 .5 0

C OM PU TE R O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

41
31

3 8 . 5 2 0 5 .0 0
3 8 . U 2 0 b . 50

1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0

COM PU TE R O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S C ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

25
24

3 9 . U 1 5 4 .0 0
3 8 . 5 1 5 3 .5 0

O R A F T E R S ------------------------------------------------MA N U FA C TU R IN G ---------------------------------

1U6
93

D R A F T E R S * C L A S S A --------------------------M AN UF ACT UR IN G --------------------------------D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B --------------------------M AN UF ACT UR IN G ---------------------------------

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o llo w s :

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
6

8
7

6
4

4
3

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

1 6 1 .3 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0 - 2 4 0 .3 0

3

6
3

1
-

4
3

1
1

1 4 4 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 3 1 .3 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .3 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0

12
12

1
1

7
/

1
1

4 2 . 0 24V.O U
4 2 . U 2 5 6 .5 0

2 5 5 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 1 8 .3 0 - 2 7 9 .3 0
2 3 3 .J0 - 2 b l.5 U

1

2

-

-

-

-

40
37

4 2 . 0 2 7 9 .5 0
4 2 . U 2 8 3 .0 0

2 8 1 .5 0
2 8 6 .0 0

2 6 4 .3 0 - 3 0 1 .0 0
2 7 6 .U 0 - 3 0 4 .0 U

-

_

-

57
50

4 1 . 5 2 3 7 .5 0 2 4 2 .0 0
4 2 . U 2 4 5 . OU 2 5 5 . 0 0

2 1 3 .3 0 - 2 3 9 .3 0
2 2 5 .0 0 - 2 5 9 .3 0

1

■

1

_

-

_

-

2
1

6
4

-

2
1

2
i

3
3

3
2

-

1
1

3
2

6
3

3
3

3
3

2
2

2
1

4
2

4
4

4
4

2
1

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

3
3

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

3
3

1
-

2
2

1
1

2
2

4
4

2
1

3
2

3
3

1
1

2
2

1
-

2
-

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

7
6

1
1

1
-

6
4

9
6

7
6

1
1

12
10

16
16

9
9

9
9

12
12

4
4

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

1
1

-

-

1
1

2

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

2
2

4
4

12
12

4
4

9
9

1

1
1

1

3
3

6
6

3
3

-

12
10

13
13

7
7

5
3

-

-

_

_

“

~

“

“

-

~

"

9 at $ 4 0 0 to $ 4 4 0 ; and 2 at $ 4 8 0 to $ 520.
1 at $ 120 to $ 130; and 14 at $ 130 to $ 140.

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




2
2

-

-

2

_

2
2

5

”

"

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

360

400

_

150

and
under

and

400

over

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Portland, Maine, December 1978
Average
(mean2)

Sex, 5 o c c u p a t i o n . a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O FFIC E

O C C U P A T IO N S -

1
7
16

CLASS

A -----------

ACC O UN TIN G C L E R K S . C L A S S B
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

O FFIC E

O C C U P A T IO N S -

CLASS

$
3 8 . U 1 4 7 .0 0
3 8 .0 1 4 8 .5 0

S e x , 3 o ccu p a tio n ,

A

and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

21

4 0 .5

37
35

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 4 1 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0

1 9 2 . OU
2 0 4 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0

21

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .5

15

3 8 . 5 2 1 3 .0 0

195
76
119

3 8 .0 2 0 6 .5 0
3 8 . *J 2 0 6 . 5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C
M AN UF ACT UR IN G --------NONMANUFACTURING —

65
37
26

3 9 .0 2 0 2 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 2 2 .5 0
3 8 . 5 1 7 6 ..5 U

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D
M AN UF ACT UR IN G --------NONMANUFACTURING —

39
15
19

3 9 . 0 1 8 0 .. 5 0
3 9 . 0 1 9 9 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 5 .5 0

35
3U

3 8 .0 1 8 0 .5 0
3 8 . 0 1 7 9 .0 0

29
19

3 8 . U 1 6 7 .5 0
3 7 .5 1 6 2 .0 0

S T EN O G R A P H E R S . GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING --------

17
17

3 7 .0 1 4 9 .5 0
3 7 . 0 1 4 9 .5 0

T Y P I S T S --------------------NONMANUFACTURING

153
150

3 7 .5 1 3 4 .0 0
3 7 . 5 1 3 9 .0 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A
NONMANUF A C T U R I N G

35
33

TRA N SCRIBIN G-M A CH IN E T Y P IS T S
NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ----------------

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

T Y P IS T S

-

CO N T IN U ED

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 18
11 7

s
3 7 . U 1 3 0 .0 0
3 7 .0 1 3 0 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

71
69

3 7 .5 1 1 7 .5 0
3 7 . 5 1 1 7 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

58
56

3 7 .5 1 1 3 .5 0
3 7 . 5 1 1 2 .5 0

44
33

3 9 .0 1 3 9 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 2 6 .0 0

S W IT CH B O A RD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M ANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

57
20
37

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 4 8 .5 0

------------------------------------------

20

A CC O UN T IN G C L E R K S --------------------------------M ANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

395
54
391

3 8 .5 1 8 2 .0 0
4 0 . 0 1 7 2 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 8 3 .5 0

ACC O UN TI N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ----------M ANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

16 6
23
193

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

A CC O UN T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ----------M ANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

229
31
19 8

3 8 . 5 1 6 6 .0 0
4 0 . 0 1 5 7 .0 0
3 8 . 5 1 6 7 .5 0

ORDER C L E R K S

3 7 .5
37. 5

1 9 7 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

S e x , 3 o ccu p a tio n ,

and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 8 .5

s
3 7 4 .0 0

3 7 6 .0 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S WOMEN— CO N T IN U ED

2 0 4 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0

O P E R A T O R S -------

16

3 9 .0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -------------------------------------M ANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

55
26
29

3 9 .0 1 5 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 5 9 .0 0
3 8 . 5 1 5 4 .0 0

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------M AN UF ACT UR IN G ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

175
38
137

3 8 . 5 1 5 7 .0 0
4 0 . 0 1 6 5 .0 0
3 8 .0 1 5 9 .5 0

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------M AN UF ACT UR IN G ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

79
21
58

1 4 0 .0 0

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

96
79

COMPU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! ---------------------------------------------

41

COMPU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B -----------------------

19

3 8 .5

COM PUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ----NON MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

50
44

3 8 .0 2 9 5 .0 0
3 8 . U 2 9 9 .5 0

COMPU TER PROGR AMM ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------

2U

3 8 . 5 2 8 0 .5 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

56
45

3 8 . 5 2 1 5 .5 0
3 8 .0 2 1 7 .0 0

COMPU TER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A --------NON MANU FACTURING -----------------------------

17
15

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 5 9 .5 0
2 5 7 .0 0

COMPU TER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

31
23

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 0 8 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0

O R A F T E R S --------------------------------------------------MA N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------

105
93

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ----------------------------MA N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------

40
37

4 2 .0
4 2 .0

2 7 9 . 5U
2 8 5 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ----------------------------MA N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------

56
50

9 1 .5
4 2 .0

2 3 9 .0 0
2 9 5 .0 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------NON MANU FACTURING -----------------------------

28
26

38. 5
3 8 .5

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0

COMPU TER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C --------NON MANU FACTURING -----------------------------

17
17

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0

4 2 . 0 2 5 0 .0 0
4 2 . 0 2 5 6 .5 0

3 8 .0 1 8 1 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 8 4 .0 0
3 7 . 5 1 8 0 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 3 6 .5 0
3 8 . 5 1 3 5 .5 0

B O O KKEEPIN G -M A CH IN E
S T E N O G R A P H E R S ---------NONMANUFACTURING

Number
of
workers

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

4 0 . U 2 1 6 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 1 8 .0 0

WOMEN

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------M ANU FAC TUR ING -------NONMANUFACTURING PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S
S E C R E T A R IE S .

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

58
59

A CC O UN T IN G C L E R K S —
NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS*

Week hr
hours
(standard)

Average
(mean2)

Average

MEN

M E S S E N G E R S ---------------NONMANUFACTURING

A CCO UNT ING

Number
of

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

—
S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




6

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
Hourly earnings 4

O ccup atio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

Number
of

4 .2 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

U nder

»
4 .2 0

4 .3 0

ALL

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .3 0

4 .6 0

19

$
3 .2 9

$
5 .0 0

$
4 .5 3 -

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

$
5 .3 0

M AI N TE N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------M AN U F AC TU R IN G -----------------------------------

37
27

6 .3 7
6 .1 8

6 . 00
6 . 00

5 .6 0 5 .6 0 -

7 .14
6 .1 9

M A IN TE N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ----------------------M AN U F AC TU R IN G -----------------------------------

49
29

6 .5 5
5 .0 1

7 .1 0
5 . 56

5 .5 6 5 .3 6 -

7 .6 3
5 .6 2

M A IN TE N A N C E M E C H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M AN U F AC TU R IN G -----------------------------------

6 ti
68

5 .4 5
5 .4 5

5 . 17
5 .1 7

4 .6 5 4 .6 5 -

6 .4 0
6 .4 8

M A IN TE N A N C E M E C H A N IC S
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) --------------------------------M AN U F AC TU R IN G ----------------------------------NONM ANUF ACTURING ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

91
2d
63
55

6 .8 6
6 .1 2
7 .1 9
7 .5 8

6 .7 1
6 . 33
8 . 15
8 .6 8

5 .4 3 5 .1 0 5 .4 3 5 .4 3 -

8 .7 4
7 .0 0
8 .0 0
8 .8 0

*

CARPENTERS

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o llo w s :

20 at $ 8.60 to $ 9 ; 8 at $ 9 to $ 9 .4 0 ; and 3 at $ 9 .4 0 to $ 9 .8 0 .

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




4 .0 0

4 . Vo

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

b .0 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0
-

WOR KER S
-----------------------

M AI N TE N A N C E

4 .7 0

and
u nder

7

4 .0 0

4 .9 0

3 .0 U

3 .2 0

5 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .0 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .0 0
7 .4 0

7 .4 0
7 .0 0

7 .0 0
-

0 .2 0
-

0 .2 0

0 .6 0
and

0 ,6 0

over

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
Hourly earnings 4

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N ut
of
workers

N um ber of w o rk e rs
%

2 .6 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
2 . dO 3 . 0 0
%

%

*
3 . 60

*
3 . 80

4
4 . 00

*
4 .2 0

%

%

3 .4 0

4 .4 0

4 . 60

%
4
4 • dO 5 . 0 0

$
5 . 2U

4
5 .4 0

'4
4
4
5 . 6 0 5 . dO 6 . 20

3 . 40

3 .6 0

3 . dU 4 . 00

4 . 20

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 do

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 . do

3 .2 0

-

76
16
60
24

51
1
50
45

IV
10
V
1

WORKERS

T R U C K D R I V E R S -----------------------------------------MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

528
13 5
393
224

$
6 .2 3
5 .4 7
6 .4 V
7 .7 7

$
5 . 14
5 .1 2
5 . 39
V . 35

s
4 .5 /4 .5 5 “
4 . 5 74 .7 1 -

$
9 .3 5
5 .6 2
V .35
9 .3 5

5 .2 0

1
1
-

3
1
2

-

=
>

5
5

-

-

12
1
11
1

16
2
14
1

d
1
7
-

11
1
lu
-

11
11
-

50
39
11
2

17
4
13
-

d . 20

9 .0 0

over

-

20
20

*148

6 . 60

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

-

-

-

52
4
4 ti
2

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

3 . Od

2 • d4— 4 .6 4

5

5

-

2

-

-

1

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

1

2

4 .3 4
4 . V6
3. V2

4 . 00
5 . 62
3 . 75

3 .5 0 3 .7 3 3 .5 0 -

5 .3 1
5 .9 2
4 .1 0

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

1

9
1
d

-

-

7
2
5

-

-

11
1
10

-

-

1
1

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S t H E A V Y TRUCK ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

12 6
119

7 .3 1
7• A5

V . 35
9 . 35

4 .6 3 4 .6 1 -

9 .3 5
9 .3 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

12
12

6
6

3

-

6
6

-

-

d
d

-

4
4

12
d

T R U C K U R i V E R S t TRAC T O R - T R A I L E R ----MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

326
98
228
141

6 .2 6
5 .6 3
6 .5 4
7 .1 6

5.
5.
6.
V.

12
12
21
35

4 .7 1 4 .4 9 4 .7 1 4 .7 1 -

d .20
5 .d5
9 .3 5
V .35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

63
16
4/
23

43

-

13
5
d

44
39
5

S H I P P E R S -------------------------------------------------MANU FAC TUR ING ----------------------------------

3b
2d

4 .7 6
5 .2 2

4 . 95
5 . 3d

3 .d 6 4 .9 5 -

5 .4 5
5 .5 5

R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

23
IV

4 .3 7
4 .2 3

4 . 05
4 . 04

3 .3 d 3 .3 d -

4 .d 3
4 .4 3

S H I P P E R S ANU R E C E I V E R S ----------------------MANUFAC TUR ING ----------------------------------

33
26

4 . Id
4 .5 1

4 . 27
4 . 33

3 .5 5 4 .0 3 -

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------MANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

9V
3d
41

4 .0 6
4 .4 4
3 .5 1

4 . 02
4 . 24
3 . 20

37U
75

4 .5 d
5 . U1

57
4b

M A T E R I A L H AN O LIN G L A B O R E R S --------------MANUFAC TUR ING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------MANUFAC TUR ING ----------------------------------

-

-

43
43

148
148

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

_

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

_

2
2

_

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

50
4
46

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

_

-

4
4

_

-

2
2

2
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

73
73
20
20

5

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
1

1

-

2
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
1

5
5

1
1

2
2

9
V

1

-

2
2

3
3

2
1

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
3

-

/

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

3
3

-

1

4
4

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

23
10
13

2
2

2
2

d
d

7

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

8
d

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2

-

5

_

_

_

155

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3V
39

_

-

V
V

-

2

-

-

-

-

3
3

5
4

6
6

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
3
13

4
4

_

3

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

d
5
3

2d

-

9
4
5

28

-

1

-

-

_

_

28
d

1

_

_

_

“

14
14

”

“

“

1

-

-

Id

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2d

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

28
26

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
/

4 .6 5
4 .d 2

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3 .2 5 3 . t id 3 .1 3 -

4 .6 5
4 .9 0
4 .1 2

1
1

6
6

6
1
5

15
4
11

1
1

3
3
-

14
10
4

6 . 00
6 . 22

2 .6 5 3 .3 3 -

6 .0 0
6 .2 2

130

-

-

-

17
17

2
2

4
4

6
1

-

3 .8 3
4 .0 7

3 . 71
3 . d6

3 .3 5 3 .5 2 -

4 .5 9
4 .5 9

10

2
2

1

d
d

4
4

d
d

-

-

5
5

ldV
70
1 IV

5 .6 5
4 . Id
6 .5 1

4 . 90
3 . 9U
6 . 25

3 .7 5 3 .7 U 4 .8 0 -

6 .2 5
4 .6 5
9 .3 5

5

6
6

3
1
2

5
5

9
d
1

20
Id
2

12
10
2

2
2

2
-

6
6

2

-

10
10
-

13 0
8ti

4 .6 6
4• d3

4 .6 7
4 . 67

4 .2 5 4 .2 7 -

5 .7 4
5 .1 2

5

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

1
1

“

26
10

17
17

5
5

Id
Id

15
15

“

3b

4 . b9

5 . 20

3 .6 5 -

5 .9 6

-

-

2

-

d

2

5

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

----------------------------------

G U A R D St C L A S S B :
MANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------J A N I T O R S t P O R T E R S t AND C L E A N E R S ----MANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

3d

4 . dV

5 . 20

3 .6 5 -

5 .9 6

-

-

-

2

-

d

2

5

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

Id

25 1
146
10 5
33

4 .4 2
4 .6 8
4 .U 5
5 . VO

4 .2 5
4 . 63
3 . 29
6 . 29
L _________

3 .3 3 4 .0 5 2 .7 5 6 .2 5 -

5 .3 5
5 .2 6
6 .2 5
6 .2 9

34
34

11
2
V

10
3
7

9
6
3

10
9
1

4
4
-

2V
2V
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

"

2
2
~

36
36

"

id
id
~

4
4
-

”

10
6
4
4

1
1
-

“

Id
4
14
2

“

-

27
24
3
1

i- ■-

*
**

-

W o rk ers w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s :
W o rk e rs w e re at $ 9 to $9.80.

_____________________ _________

144 at $9 to $9.80; and 4 at $9.80 to $ 10.40.

See footnotes at end of ta b les.




8

”

-

-

**4 0
40

_

guards:

MANUFAC TUR ING

75
75
75

-

-

-------------------------------------------------------------------

7 . UO 7 . 4 0

6 . 20

9
9

3. 75

SH IP P IN G PACKERS
MANU FAC TUR ING

4
9 .0 0

-

44
lo
26

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------MANU FAC TUR ING ----------------------------------

4
d•20

7
7

20

TRUCK

4
7 . 40

-

-------------

LIG H T

t
7 .U 0

%
5
-

T R U C K D R I V E R S t NEOIUM TR UC K ----------MANUFAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

TR U C K D R IV ER St

4
6 . 60

an d
under
2 • dO 3 . 0 0

ALL

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

S
3 . 20




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Portland, Maine, December 1978
S ex ,

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

M A I N T E N A N C E . TOOLROOM. AND
P O U E R P L A N T O C C U PA T IO N S - MEN
MAI NTENANCE

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m e a n *)
hourly
earnings 4

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN— C O N T IN U E D

C A R P E N T E R S -----------------------

19

5 .2 9

MAI NTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------MAN UFACTURING ----------------------------------

37
27

6 .3 7
6 . lb

MAI NTENANCE M A C H I N I S T S ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

49
29

MAI NTE NAN CE MEC HA N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

6
B
6b

MAINTE NAN CE M ECH AN ICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

91
2b
63
55

R E C E I V E R S -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

21
17

4 .4 0
4 .2 5

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S -----M ANU FAC TUR ING -----------------6 .5 5
5 . b 1 WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------MANU FAC TUR ING -----------------5 .4 5
NONMANUFACTURING -----------5 .4 5
S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S -----------------M ANU FAC TUR ING -----------------6 . b6
6 . 1 2 M A T E R I A L H A N D LI N G L A B O R E R S
7 .1 9
MANU FAC TUR ING -----------------7 .5 b
NONMANUFACTURING ------------

25
22

4 .4 1
4 .5 7

97
56
41

4 . US
4 .4 5
3 .5 1

41
29

3 .6 0
3 .8 9

18 b
69
119

5 .6 6
4 .1 9
6 .5 1
4 .8 4
4 .8 0

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS
MANU FAC TUR ING —
M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN

GUARDS ----------------MANUFAC TUR ING
525
132
393

6 . 24
5 .5 1
6 .4 9
7 .7 7

20

3. 75

41
26

119

7 .4 3

T R U C K D R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A 1 L E R ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

326
98
228
14 1

6.
5.
6.
7.

S H I P P E R S -------------------------------------------------MAN UFACTURING ----------------------------------

38
28

T R U C K D R I V E R S ----------------------------MAN UFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------TR U C K D R IV ER S .

LIG H T

TRUCK

T R U C K D R I V E R S . MEDIUM TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

26
63
34
16

122
3b

3 .5 1
4 .8 9

197
130
67
23

4 .4 9
4 .6 8
4 .1 2
5 .7 3

16
16

4 . 76
5 . 22

G U A R D S . C L A S S B -------------------------------MANU FAC TUR ING ----------------------------------

3 .5 1
4 .8 9

4 .4 1
4 .4 1

54
16
38

4 .1 6
4 .6 9
3 .9 4

4 .3 9
3 .9 2

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING -------------

122
3b

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . ANU C L E A N E R S ----M ANU FAC TUR ING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - WOMEN

S H IP P IN G PACKERS
MANUF AC T U R I N G
J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . ANU C L E A N E R S
M ANU FAC TUR ING —
NONMANUFACTURING

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.

9

-----

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Portland, Maine, for selected areas
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

N o v e m b e r 1972
to
N o v e m b e r 1973

N o v e m b e r 1973
to
N o v e m b e r 1974

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 1975

N o v e m b e r 1975 to D e c e m b e r 1976
13-m o n th
in c r e a s e

A n n u a l r a te
o f in c r e a s e

D e c e m b e r 1976
to
D e c e m b e r 1977

D e c e m b e r 1977
to
D e c e m b e r 197 8

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _____________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _________________________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ______________________________
U n s k ille d p l a n t ____________________________________

5.8
( 6)
( 6)
8.5
7.9

7.6
( 6)
(6)
9.0
11.2

7.6
( 6)
( 6)
9.0
5.7

7.0

9.0

(6 )
( 6)
7.6
9.6

( 6)
(6)
8.3
5.3

(b )

8.2
12.6

(6)
7.4
8.7

(6)
7.9
8.7

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ___________ ________________________
___
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _________________________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ______________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t
_

(‘ )
( 6)
( 6)
7.9
7.7

(6)
(6)
(6)
5.7
6.9

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
8.4
9.8

( 6)
( 6)
(6)
7.5
6.3

(6)
(6)
(6)
6.9
5.8

(6)
( 6)
(6)
7.2
8.4

(6)
(6)
(6)
8.3
10.1

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _____________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _____________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _________________________________
U n s k ille d p l a n t ____________________________________

5.6
( 6)
(6)
7.7

8.5

7.7
(6)
( 6)
12.5

7.4

6.8
(6)
(6)
4.6

9.1
(6 )
(6)
9.0

7.8
(6)
(6)
8.0

8.5

(6)
( 6)
11.4

( 6)
(6)
5.0

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




A r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n f o r c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s is b e in g in tro d u c e d in th is a r e a in
197 8.
T h e r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n is n o t c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t to the p r e v io u s d e s c r ip tio n .
T h e r e f o r e , the e a r n in g s o f c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e not u sed in co m p u tin g p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s
f o r the e le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g g ro u p .

10

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Portland, Maine, December 1978
O ther in exp erien ced c le r ic a i w ork ers 8

In ex p erien ced typists
Manu­
facturing
M inim u m w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la ry 7

A ll
industries
A ll
s chedules

---------------

3

37

14

13

23

10

3

7

-

2

-

2

-

-

2

-

3
8

3

_

2

_

1

1
1
-

4
1
5
1

2
1
1

1

1
1
4
2
1
2

-

-

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*1 5 0 .0 0
*1 5 5 .0 0
il6 J.C C
*1 6 5 .0 0
* 1 7 0 .0 0
* 1 7 5 .0 0
* 1 8 0 .0 0
*1 8 5 .0 0
*1 9 0 .0 0
*1 9 5 .0 0
* 2 0 0 .0 0
*2 0 5 .0 0
* 2 1 0 .0 0
* 2 1 5 .0 0
* 2 2 0 .0 0
* 2 2 5 .0 0
* 2 3 0 .0 0
* 2 3 5 .0 0
* 2 9 0 .0 0
* 2 9 5 .0 0

AND
AND
AMD
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
ANO
ANO
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
ANO

UNDER
UNDER
UNDDD
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
ONOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER

* 1 5 5 .0 0
* 1 6 0 .0 0
S 1 6 5 • CC
*1 7 0 .0 0
*1 7 5 .0 0
*1 8 0 .0 0
*1 8 5 .0 0
*1 9 0 .0 0
*1 9 5 .0 0
*2 0 0 .0 0
*2 0 5 .0 0
*2 1 0 .0 0
$ 2 1 5 .0 0
* 2 2 0 .0 0
*2 2 5 .0 0
*2 3 0 .0 0
*2 3 5 .0 0
*2 9 0 .0 0
*2 9 5 .0 0
*2 5 0 .0 0

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
”

1
-

-

~

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V IN G NO S P E C I F I E D
MINIMUM -----------------------------------------------------

12

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S WHICH D I D NOT E M PL O Y
W OR KER S I N T H I S C A T E G O R Y -------------------

56

XXX

1
1
1

1
2
“
“

-

”

~

~

1
2

4

b

XXX

XXX

XXX

25

21

35

XXX

XXX

XXX

19

“

1

3
3
2
-

1
1
4
1
2

3

1
1
4
1
2
3

-

-

-

1
-

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.

11

1
1
1
2
_

-

1
-

-

XX X

3
1
_

1

1
-

“

1
-

-

-

11

XXX

14

XXX

XXX

XXX

2

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

~

1

3

XXX

1
2

~

1
-

“

__________________ 1—




3 772

3

1

38

-

3

-

40

XXX

-

1
2
4
2
1
2

A ll
schedules

54

-

----------------------------------------

40

XXX

ii

*1 0 5 .0 0
*1 1 U .O O
* 1 1 5 .0 0
* 1 2 0 .0 0
*1 2 5 .0 0
*1 3 0 .0 0
*1 3 5 .0 0
*1 9 0 .0 0
*1 9 5 .0 0

A ll
schedules

3 7 V2

27

2

UN 0E R
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER

Basec on standard w eek ly hours 9 o f—

81

-

AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO

Nonmanufacturing

M anufacturing
A ll
in du stries

XXX

-

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

*1 0 0 .0
*1 0 5 .0
*1 1 0 .0
*1 1 5 .0
*1 2 0 .0
*1 2 5 .0
*1 3 0 .0
*1 3 5 .0
*1 9 0 .0

XXX

38

13

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V IN G A S P E C I F I E D
MINIMUM ------------------------------------------------

* 9 7 . SO AND UNDER * 1 0 0 . 0 0

40

54

81

ST U O IE O

A ll
schedules

27

-------------------

ESTA BLISH M EN TS

Nonm anufacturing
Based on standard w eek ly hours 9 of—

1

-

~
-

_
-

-

1
2

-

_




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
( A l l f u l l - t i m e m a n u fa c tu rin g p r o d u c t ion and r e l a t ed w o r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t ^
W o r k e r s on l a t e s h i f t s

A l l w o r k e r s 10
Item
Second sh ift

PERCENT

OF

81 . 5

WI TH NO PA Y D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T WORK --------W IT H P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T UORK --------------UN IFO RM C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------UN IFO RM P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------OT HE R D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------------------------------------------------

61 . b
b4 . 6
26 . V

ESTA BLISH M EN TS

WITH

AVERAGE
UN IFO RM
UNIF ORM

PAY

Second sh ift

T h ird

sh ift

WORKERS
---------

IN

T h ir d sh ift

LATE

SH IFT

PR O VISIO N S

-

6 4 .6
6 4 . tt
3V. V
2 b .U

“

-

lb .l

6. V

-

-

lb .l
6 .6
6•b
-

6 •V
3•V
3 .0
"

D IF FE R E N T IA L

C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L -------------------------P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------------------

1 3 .U
10 . U

1 7 .2
1 2 .3

1 2 .9
1 0 .0

1 8 .3
1 1 .0

P E R C E N T OF WO RKERS B Y T Y P E AND
AMOUNT OF P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L
c en ts- p er - hour:
5 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------7 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------8 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------10 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------12 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------13 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------15 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------17 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------19 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------20 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------21 AND UNDER 2 2 C E N T S -------------------------------------------2 5 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------3 0 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------------------------------

u n ifo r m

u n ifo r m

10
15

:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .1
3 .7
1 9 .7
2 .1
2. /
1 3 .7
7 .6
2 .2
1 .V
-

.b
.7
3 .1
1 .0
•2
.6
1 .5
•4
•6
-

2 6 .V

1 3 .7
1 1 .3

6•b

____ ;_____
S e e fo o tn o te s

.1
.2
•4
.3
2 .7
. 1
.2

.

percen tag e

PERCENT
PERCENT

1.1
3. 7
2. 7
2. 1
3. 1
7 .6
2. 7
1 2 .6
1. V
2 .3

at end o f ta b le s .

12

2 .4
.6

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
It e m
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

1U0

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

P E R C E N T OF WO RKERS BY S C H E O U L E O
W E E K L Y HOURS AND D A Y S
ALL
30
35
36
36
36
37
36
AO

A2
42
AA

A5
A6
A8
50

FU LL-TIM E

WO RKERS ---------------------

HOUR S—5 D A Y S --------------------------------------H O U R S - b D A Y S --------------------------------------HOUR S - A D A Y S --------------------------------------1 / A HOUR S—5 D A Y S ------------------------------1 / 3 HOUR S—5 D A Y S ------------------------------1 / 2 HOUR S—5 O A Y S ------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------H O U R S ----------------------------------------------------A 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------------------5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 OA YS --------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------------HOURS ----------------------------------------------------5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------------------6 D A Y S --------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 1 / 2 O A Y S ------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------------------

10U
1
1
3
75
2

73
8
1
4
3
( 12)
1
1
2
1
3

_
2
76
2
74
13
3
6

_

3
4
5
72
72
-

10U

6

( 12)
1
1
4
3
42
11
3V
1
36
( 12)
( 12)
-

“

“

4 0 .5

3 8 .4

VA
VA
-

*
10
'
(1 2 )
2
2
2

100

_
3
8
90
3

87
-

100
( 12 )
1
5
4
50
13
27
27
-

100

_

(1 2 )
(12 )
-

26
74
74
-

3 8 .1

3 9 .3

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
W E E K L Y HOURS
ALL

WEEKLY

WORK S C H E D U L E S

-------------------

40. 6

4 1. 0

4 0 .0

3 V .7
________________________________

See footn ote at end o f tables.




13

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e rs

It e m
A ll in d u strie s

PERCENT

M anu factu ring

N o n m an ufactu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

A ll in d u s trie s

M anu factu ring

10U

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------IN E S T A B L IS H M E N T S P R O V ID IN G
P A IO H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------------

b

-

13

-

(12)

95

100

8/

lo o

99

9 .2

8 .3

1 0 .0

9 .7

2
4
3
16
14
2
9
2b
1
7

6
3
65
26

(12)
( 12)
( 12)
6
1
1

F U LL-TIM E

P u b lic u tilitie s

OF WO RKERS
WORKERS ----------------

ALL

N o n m an u factu rin g

100

100

_

(1 2 )

100

99

lo o

9 .6

9 .8

1 0 .5

-

(12 )
(1 2 )
( 12 )
7

100

IN

AV ER A GE

NUMBER

OF P A I D

(

H OLIDAYS

FOR WORKERS I N E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
P R O V I D I N G H O L I O A Y S ------------------------

8 .9

P E R C E N T OF WO RKERS B Y NUMBER
OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D
1 H O L I D A Y --------------------------------------------2 H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------5 H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------6 H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------7 H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DAY ---------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S -------------------------8 H O L I O A Y S ------------------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F 0 A Y ---------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F OA YS -------------------------9 H O L I O A Y S ------------------------------------------P L U S i H A L F DA Y ---------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S -------------------------1 0 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DAY ---------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S -------------------------11 H O L I O A Y S ----------------------------------------1 3 H O L I O A Y S -----------------------------------------

i
2
1
1
V
3
2
9
4
1
lb
3
5
24
4
2
6

i
4

b
4
6
6
23
o
b
22
6
3
5

b
1
1
14
1
2
b4
2
1
9
4

t 12)
1
3
3
10
3
21
4
11
12
7
4
21

_
_
_

_

3
_

1
12

64

2

36

i
i

60

*
'

P E R C E N T OF WO RKERS B Y TO TA L
P A I O H O L I D A Y T I M E P R O V I O E O 13
1
2
5
7
7

DAY OR MORE -------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------OAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE ---------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------8 1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE ---------------------------9 OAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------9 1 / 2 OA YS OR MORE ---------------------------1 0 OAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------10 1 / 2 OA YS OR MORE -------------------------11 OAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------13 OAYS --------------------------------------------------

9b
94
92
91
82
7b
67
63
4b
41
12
8

100
100
100
V9
95
89
V9
i 3
*0
M4
15

b

ioo

8/
8b
81
78
62
62
4b
4b
36
36
b
7

100
100
lU O
94
94
94
94
91
91
26
26

________________________________
S e e fo o tn o te s

at en d o f t a b le s .




14

99
99
99
99
93
9J
87
87
73
72
16
14
4

100
100
100
99
98
96
83
80
39
55
32
2b

99
99
99
99
92
92
b9
89
76
76
12
11

b

100

100
98
98
98
97
97
60
60

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
O ffice w o r k e rs

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
It e m
A ll in d u strie s

PERCENT
ALL

OF

F U LL-TIM E

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I U I N b
P A 1 0 V A C A T I O N S ----------------------------IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V IU IN G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S ----------------------------L E N G T H - O F - T I M E PA YM ENT ----------P E R C E N T A G E PAY MEN T ------------------O T H ER PAY MEN T -----------------------------

6

OF

P A ID

N o n m an ufactu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d ustries

M anu factu ring

1UU
----------------—---------------

10U

100

100

100

100

100

lo o
100

100
9b
2
( 12)

100
91
9

100
99
-

VACATION

I
I

i

-

1UU
7T
23

. . .

1U0

-j

-

1UU
63
37

100
97
3

-

1
'

A F T E R : 14

100
luu
-

(12 )

'

MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
UNDER 1 WEEK ----------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------OV ER 1 AND UNDER 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S --------------------------------

12
24

|

2D
22

1
5

1 Y E A R OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------2 W E E K S -------------------------------3 W E E K S -------------------------------2

P u b lic u tilitie s

N o n m an ufactu rin g

WO R KE R S

WO RKERS -------------

IN

AMOUNT

M anufacturing

“

41

16
81

37

1
66

14
66
~

47
33
“

n

46
-

62
3B
-

67
33
_

34

51

7

3

4

20

42
2

90

92

1
1

-

91
1
4

60
3
16

98
1
1

2

6

-

26

(12 )

61
2
1

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------O V ER 1 AND UNDER 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V ER 2 ANU UNDER 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S --------------------------------

54
46

7
45
22
10

23
59
16

7
45
16
8

35
65

26
2

(12 )

3

!

5

93
7

j
3

4

5

10

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK --------------------- ----------—
O V ER 1 AND UNDER 2 W E E K S
2 W E E KS -------------------------------O V ER 2 AND UNDER 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S -------------------------------Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------OV ER 1 ANO UNDER 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S ------------------- ------------OV ER 2 ANO UNOER 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S -------------------------------Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V ER 2 AND UNDER 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S -------------------------------Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
1 WEEK ---------------------------------2 W E E K S -------------------------------OV ER 2 AND UNDER 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S -------------------------------O V ER 3 AND UNOER 4 W E E K S
4 W E E K S --------------------------------

15
4
76
2
3

3
B2
2

1

3
92

90
1
1

96
1
1

1

7

(12 )

89
1
8

71
3
16

94

93
1
4

7

2

_

-

70
3
18

5

3

90

92

-

93
7

|
j

V
*

84
2
2

60
2
3

i
7V
7
13

1
23

!

1

1
_

2
77
11
9

4

34
60

2

65

2
19

1

61
1
16

69

i

5

6

_

_

-

79

( 12)
8

1
11

79

85

76

-

15

7

71
10
19

100

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .

93
-

i
5

1
58
12
30

6

3

7

1

-

i

1
I
(1 2 )
68
ii
21

70
30

i




-

21

_
8

_
“

1

100
:

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978— Continued
O ffice w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m

N on m an u factu rin g

A ll in d ustries

M anu factu ring

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

P u b lic u tilitie s

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------2 W E E KS --------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 W E E K S ----------3 W E E KS --------------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 W E E K S ----------4 W E E KS --------------------------------------------

1
20
63
lu
5

2
12
6b
16
2

32
37
11

85
15

( 12)
b
b
74
1
11

1
V
81
6
3

b
7
72
13

bb
12

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------2 W E E KS --------------------------------------------3 W E E K S --------------------------------------------OV ER 3 AND UNDER 4 W EE KS ----------4 W E E K S --------------------------------------------

1
16
41
1U
32

2
V
46
16
27

2b
33
~
3V

27
73

( 12)
6
42
V
43

1
b
4V
6
3V

6
4 1
10
43

bl
4V

1
16
22
46
16

2
V
IV
52
17

27
23
33
13

112)
6
V
b
6V
b

1
b
11
bV
23

i
13
22
31
3U

2
V
IV
43
27

( 12)
5
V
2

i
s
11
44
21
18

AMOUNT OF P A I D
CON T I N UEO
12

15

20

25

30

VACATION

M anu factu ring

P u b lic u tilitie s

A F T E R 14-

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------2 W E E KS --------------------------------------------3 W E E KS -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 W E E K S ----------4 W E E KS --------------------------------------------5 W E E KS -------------------------------------------Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------2 W EE KS --------------------------------------------3 W E E KS -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 W EE KS ----------4 W E E KS -------------------------------------------5 W E E KS -------------------------------------------6 W E E KS -------------------------------------------Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E : *
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------2 W E E KS --------------------------------------------3 W EE KS --------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 W EE KS ----------4 W E E K S ---------------------------------------- -5 W E E K S --------------------------------------------6 W EE K S ---------------------------------------------

*

A ll ind ustries

1
1
lb
22
31
IV
12

2

V
IV
43

V
lb

_
b
67
25

_

_

23
26
13
33
2

b
10
/6

6

-

2b
26
12
36

17
4

( 12)
b

8

V

6

63

80
6

2

E s t im a t e s o f p r o v is io n s fo r lo n g e r p e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n t ic a l,

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b l e s .




63

16

2
16
b

1
b
11
44
14
25

-

6

2
bl
lb

4
V
3

2
13
63
2

V
10
72
4

6b
16
(12 )

4

V
3
67
16
(12 )

2
-

V
bb
2

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s tr ie s

PERCENT

OF

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

lo o

100

100

10U

100

WOR KER S
100

____________ 1 0 0

9b

100

96

lu o

99

100

99

100

92
lb

97
bb

84
bb

97
93

9b
82

98
70

94
84

98
94

A C C I D E N T A L DEAT H AND
DI S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E -----------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------

77
bb

86
71

63
40

81
81

70
b9

84
70

67
bb

90
90

SIC K N ESS
OR S I C K

lb

76

73

82

89

90

89

b2

bb

47

70
64

34
22

22
22

40
38

42
41

40
37

11

39

2b

61

82

04

74

86

b2

2

2

2

-

1

-

1

-

L O N G -T E R M D I S A B I L I T Y
I N S U R A N C E --------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -------------

32
17

33
12

30
23

b4
b4

70
62

61
40

73
68

33
28

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N I N S U R A N C E --------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -------------

97
64

99
80

94
40

100
94

99
70

99
81

99
67

100
90

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E ----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -------------

97
64

99
BO

94
40

lu o
94

99
70

99
61

99
67

lo o
98

MEDICAL INSURANCE
N O N C O N T R IB U TO R Y

------------------------P L A N S -------------

97
64

99
60

93
40

1U0
94

99
70

99
81

vv
67

100
98

MAJOR M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E ------------N O N C O N T R IB U TO R Y P L A N S -------------

9b
64

96
/9

93
41

vs
89

99
77

99
B3

99

O E N T A L IN S U R A N C E --------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U TO R Y P L A N S -------------

1/
lb

11
11

27
21

72
6S

23
17

27
23

22
lb

70

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N ----------------------N O N C O N T RI BU TO R Y P L A N S -------------

84
72

6b
79

7/
61

B7
79

9b
84

94
81

93
OS

bb
46

ALL

FU LL-TIM E

WO RKERS -----------

I N E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G AT
L E A S T ONE OF THE B E N E F I T S
SHOWN B E L O W 15 -------------------------------L I F E I N S U R A N C E ------------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U TO R Y P L A N S --------------

AND A C C I O E N T I N S U R A N C E
L E A V E OR BOTH 16--------------

S I C K N E S S AND A C C I O E N T
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------N O N C O N T R IB U TO R Y P L A N S --------S I C K L E A V E ( F U L L P A Y ANO NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O O ) ----------------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L PA Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O O ) -----------------------

1

________________________________

See footn otes at end o f tables,




i________________________________

l b

_

1

93
91

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978
workers
O ffic e \

P ro d u c tio n and rela ted w o r k e r s

Manufacturing

A l l in du stries

Manufacturing

A ll in du stries

Ite m

plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

Noncontribu tory
plans 1
7

60

4V

71

65

A ll

TYPE

OF
OF

a h

plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1‘

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

PLA N ANO AMOUNT
IN S U R A N C E

A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS A RE P R O V I O E O THE SAME
F L A T - S U M D O LL A R AMOUNT:
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S --------------------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E O : 19
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ----------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE < SO P E R C E N T ) ------------------M ID D L E RANGE < BU P E R C E N T ) -------------------

AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E I S B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
WHICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R AMOUNT OF
IN S U R A N C E FOR A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H OF S E R V I C E :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORK ERS 18 --------------------AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19A F T E R :
6 MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------MEDI A N ---------------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) --------------------M ID D L E RANGE <8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------1 YE AR OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ---------------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RAN6 E ( S O P E R C E N T ) --------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------5 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MEDIA N ---------------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( SU P E R C E N T ) --------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------10 Y L A R S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ---------------------------------------------------------M IO OL E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) --------------------M ID D LE RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------2 0 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ---------------------------------------------------------M IO OL E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) --------------------M IO O LE RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------

$f> ? 200
*s»ooo
S 2 t S 0 0 - btO U U
S I . U O U - 8» SOU

*

S S * 20 U
s s .o u o
8 » 000
SltO O U - 8 tb 0 0

$2 t 2 0 U -

2

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(0 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(8 ,
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(0 )
(6 )
(8 )
(8 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
( 6)

(8 )
(8 )
(8 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(8 )
(6 )
(8 )
(8 )

SbOUU
SS.O U U
S 3 * OU U— d t b U U
S 2 1 UU 0— t t t 5 0 0

s s » so u
* s » uoo
S2 1 b il l) —
S l f U U U - b fb U U

32
OUO
S 5 .0 0 U
$3 *0 0 0 - 8 .0 0 U
S l r O O O - tttOOU

i

-

2S
S S .4 U U
S b t000
* S » 0 0 0 - 6 t UOO
S 2 tO U U -lO tO O O

SbfVUO
ss .u u u
S 3 t U U U - 6 t UOU
S 2 .U U U -1 S .0 U 0

3V
S 6 v UUO
» S t uu o
S 2 1 3UU— 6 v UUU
* 2 f U U 0 —I S f U U O

1

“

(6 )
(8 )
(8 )
(6 )

(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(8 )

(8 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
( 8)
(8 )

_

_

-

(6 )
(8 )
(8 )
(8 )

-

“

(6 )
(8 )
(6 )
(8 )

(6 )

_

-

-

“
-

(8 )
(6 )
(6 )

-

“
-

(8 )
(8 )
(6 )
(6 )

(8 )
(8 )
( 6)
(8)

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

“
-

~

-

_
-

■

(8 )
(8 )
(8 )

____________
S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




41

18

-

*

_

_

-

-

-

_____

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Portland, Maine, December 1978— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

Ite m
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plan s 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plans 1
7

A ll
p lan s 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
plans 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

T Y P E OF P LA N AND AMOUNT
OF I N S U R A N C E - C O N T I N U E D

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
UN ICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E FO R A S P E C I F I E D AMOUNT OF E A R N I N G S :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18---------------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E O 19 I F t
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S A RE * 5 . 0 0 0 1
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ---------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) -------------M ID D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------ANNUAL E A R N I N G S A RE S l O t U O O :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ---------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) -------------M IO D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------ANNUAL E A R N I N G S A RE * 1 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ---------------------------------------------------M IO D L E RANGE ( 5U P E R C E N T ) -------------M ID D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------ANNUAL E A R N I N G S A RE * 2 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ---------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) -------------M IO O LE RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------

7

V

$5*200
$3*000

11

*9 .8 0 0
(6 )

s .u o o

S3 t 700- b*()00

(6 )

12 * 200
$10*000

* 1 2 .0 0 0
(6 )

*

!$ 10 ? 000- lUtUUU
j *5 .7 0 0 -2 5 .1 )0 0

* 1 7 .0 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
( 6)

$25*000
5 2 0 .OCC
:$ 20 * 000- 2 5* UOO
S20*000-42*UU0

*2 5 .2 0 0
<o i
(6 )
(6 )

_

-

_

-

-

$ 13 * 60U
(6 )

*2 0 .6 0 0
*1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 - 2 0 . 000
*1 5 *0 0 0 -9 2 * 000

-

( 6)

*1 3 .5 0 0

$16*400
*1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
$ 1 5*0 0 0 -2 5 * 000

-

$4 • VOU
(6)
<6 )

*1 3 .8 0 0
*1 5 .0 0 0
$ 1 0 *0 0 0 -1 5 *0 0 0
* 8 .3 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0

-

-

(6 )

*1 6 .6 0 0
*1 5 .0 0 0
1*15.00 0-15.0 00
!$ 10 *000-25*000

* 5 . 400
$3*000
* 5 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
$ 4 *5 0 0 - 5*000

-

(6)

* s ,u o o -

10

$ 1V * 3UU
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )

_

-

(6)

_
_
_

_

(6 )
(6 )

_
_

(6)

(6 )

I
-

-

_
_

-

”
_
-

-

_

_

\
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S E X P R E S S E D A S A F A C T O R OF
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S : 20
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18------------------F A C T O R OF ANNUAL E A R N I N G S U SE D TO C A L C U L A T E
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19 20
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------MED IA N ------------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) ----------------M IO O LE RANG E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ----------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K ER S C O V E R E U BY
P L A N S NOT S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
IN S U R A N C E -------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K ER S C OV E R EO BY
P L A N S S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
IN S U R A N C E -------------------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------M ED IA N -----------------------------------------------------M ID D L E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------M ID D L E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------

AMOUNT
of

OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D
pla n :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E

ON SOME

OT HE R

\
15

lb

12

1.4 b
1. 30
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1.4 b
1.5 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

1.56
1.3 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
16

1.6 9
1 .5 0
1 .5 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 3 .0 0

3V

1.6 b
1.31)
1 .5 0 - 1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -3 .U O

51
1.58
2.0 0
1•00—
2•00
1.0 0 -2 .U U

23

;
|

1.3b
l.UO
1 .1 )0 -2 . OU
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

11

33

31

12

b

1
31

23

i

2

2

3

3

(6 )
(6 )

<6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

( 6)
(6,

(6 )
<6 )

(6 >
<6 )

8

8

!
(6 )
( 6)

<61
(6)

*1 9 1 .1 0 0
*1 5 0 .0 0 0
* 1 5 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0
* 1 5 0 .0 0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0 0

$207*900

20

2

(6 )

(6 )

(6)
(6 )

(6)
( 6)
( 6)

(6 )

<6 )
(6 )
<6 )

7

6

6

TY PE

W O R K E R S 1 8 -----------------

6

6

7

!
---------- L

fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




1.5 8
2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

44

|

10

13

i
See

14
1

19

Footnotes

Some o f th e s e stan da rd foo tn o te s m a y not apply to this b ulle tin.

1 Includes paym ents oth e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e
4
o f annual ear nings o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to am e q u iv a le n t t i m e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t of annual e a r n i n g s was c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e chosen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
ind ivid ual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p r o p o r t i o n s
at 10 y e a r s include changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a ­
t i v e . Thus, the p r o p o r ti o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f t e r 10 y e a r s
inclu des those e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s tim a te s li s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h ich
5
at l e a s t a p art o f the cost is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r .
"N on co n tribu to ry
p l a n s " include only th ose fin anced e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e
l e g a l l y r e q u ire d p l a n s , such as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p en s a tio n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 Un du plicated to tal o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and
6
accid en t insuran ce shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to
th ose which d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay
that e ach e m p lo y e e can exp e c t. I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d
on an in div id ual b asis a r e exc luded.
17 E s tim a te s under " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to a l l plans f o r w h ic h at l e a s t
a p art o f the cost is b orne by the e m p l o y e r . E s t i m a t e s under " N o n c o n t r i b ­
uto ry p la n s " include only th ose fin a n c e d e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
1 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a l l f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
8
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s equal 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " all f u l l - t i m e
p ro d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m an u fac tu rin g equal 100
pe rcent.
1 The m ea n amount is c om p ute d by m u l t i p l y i n g the n u m b e r o f w o rk e rs
9
p r o v i d e d insurance by the amount o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , to ta lin g the p r o d ­
ucts, and dividing the sum by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n in d ic a te s
that h a lf o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r s m a l l e r and h a lf
an amount equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown. M i d d l e range (50 p e r ­
cent)— a fourth of the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than
the s m a l l e r amount and a fou rth a r e p r o v i d e d an amount e qual to o r m o r e
than the l a r g e r amount. M id d le range (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r amount and 10
p e r c e n t are p r o v i d e d an amount eq u a l to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount.
20 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b e r b y w h ich annual e a r n in g s
a r e m u ltip lie d to d e te r m in e the amount o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d . F o r e x a m p l e ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 ind ic ate s that f o r annual e a r n i n g s o f $ 10,000 the amount of
i n s u r a n ce p ro v i d e d is $ 20, 000.

1 Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
ular and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r each jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f
all w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g ­
nates p o s itio n — ha lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s am e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the r ate shown. T h e m i d d l e rang e is d efin ed
by two ra te s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s am e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a fourth e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 E a r n i n g s data r e l a t e on ly to w o r k e r s wh os e sex id e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te shifts .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m e n only f o r
s k i l l e d m ain te n an c e and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
A ll other estim ates r e ­
late to m en and w o m e n .
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ir in g s a l ­
a r i e s that a r e paid f o r sta n da rd w o r k w e e k s .
8 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n dard w o r k w e e k s c om b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n dard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r te d .
1 In clu des a l l p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
0
C urrently o p e r a ti n g la te s h ifts , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w h os e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r la te s h ifts , e v e n though the e s t a b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y
op e r a tin g la te shifts .
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
1
1 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
2
1 A l l c om b in atio n s o f full and h a lf days that add to the s a m e amount;
3
f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e i v i n g a to t a l o f 10 days
includes th os e w ith 10 f u l l days and no h a lf days, 9 f u ll days and 2
half d ay s, 8 fu ll days and 4 half d ay s, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e r e cumulated.




20

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f the 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obtains
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts within
s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M anu fa ctu rin g; tra n s p o r ta t io n , c om m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r pub li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr ad e; fin a n c e, i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . G o v e r n m e n t op eratio n s and the con stru c tio n
and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s a r e e xc lu d e d . E s tab li s hm en ts having f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e also exclu d ed b e ca use o f i n s u ffic ie n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p atio n s studied. Ap p end ix table 1 shows the n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to be within the scop e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e l l as the n u m b e r ac tu a lly studied.
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In eac h o f the tw o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n fo rm a tio n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s on ly is c o l l e c t e d by a c om b ination o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and telep hon e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p le o f the e s t a b lis h m e n ts in the scope o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r study p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t su rve y .
T h is s a m p l e , l e s s
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h go out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w it h in the in d u s tr i a l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g two annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ne w to the a r e a are not c o n s i d e r e d in the scop e
o f the s u r v e y until the s e l e c t i o n o f a s am p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
The
s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e tail e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id ual a re a s u r v e y by in d u s try
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y
s a m p l e is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance
o f selection .
T o obta in o p ti m u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
When data a r e
c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n so that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g en e ra ted .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a weight o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a t e o f the sam e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
c hosen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e ,
ad d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s i g n e d to a s am p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit.
1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; N orfolk—V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a .—N .C . ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y . ; and U tica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




Occupations and e a r n in g s
O ccupation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of m anu fac ­
tu ring and no nm anufa ct uring i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o llo w in g ty pes: (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m ain te n anc e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and custo dial.
Occup ational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b ased on a u n ifo rm set o f job d e s c r i p t i o n s designed to take
account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties within the sam e job.
O ccupation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
U n les s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the job title s
a r e f o r all in d u s tr ie s c om b ined . E a r n in g s data f o r s om e o f the occupations
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s om e in d u s try d iv is io n s within the scope of the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m ent in the occup ation is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
ta tion, o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al e stab lishm en t
data. S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not p r e s e n te d when the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n t i f i e d by sex is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e of the m en
o r w o m e n id e n ti f i e d in an occup ation.
E a r n in g s data not shown s e p a ra t e ly
f o r ind ustry d iv is io n s a r e inclu ded in data f o r all in d u s trie s com bined.
L i k e w i s e , f o r occupations w it h m o r e than one l e v e l , data are included in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p ation al e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
Earnings
data exc lud e p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w ee k en d s, holi days,
and late shifts .
N onp rod uctio n bonuses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and i n c e n t iv e bonuses a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l occupations r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (rounded to the n e a r e s t ha lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th es e occupations
a r e rounded to the n e a r e s t ha lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l in e s within the distrib ution
o f w o r k e r s on s om e A - t a b l e s in d ic ate a change in the s i z e o f the class
intervals.
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e arnin gs in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u al oc c u p atio n al a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e changes.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r individual
job s a r e a f f e c t e d by changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p atte rn s . F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m ay change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad vance to b e t t e r job s and be r ep la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an
are c u p atio n al a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
oc
w a g e s during the y e a r .
Changes in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l gro ups, shown in
table A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s changes f o r
in d iv id u a l job s within the g ro up s.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus con tr ib ute
d i f f e r e n t l y t o the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2
C om p u te r s y s te m s
an alysts , c l a s s e s
A, B , and C
C om p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c u p atio n s
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay o f the s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c on trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s
include p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r ate r a n g e s
(on ly the r a te s p aid
incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th es e s u r v e y s u s u all y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r ac tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
oc c u p atio n al e m p l o y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died
s e r v e o n ly to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

In d u s tr ia l nu rs e s
R e g i s t e r e d i n d u s tr ia l
nu rs e s
S k i l l e d m ainte n ance
Carpenters
E l e c t r ic ia n s
P e r c e n t changes f o r in d iv ic
as f o l l o w s :

S killed m ainten ance—
Continued
P ain ters
M achin ists
M ech anics (m ach in ery)
M ech anics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l and die m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d plant
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c l e a n e rs
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e

c om pute d

1. A v e r a g e e arn in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r e a c h oc c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th os e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l group s
2.

T h e p e r c e n t changes r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the i n d ic a te d
dates. W hen the t i m e span b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , annual
rate s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a con stant r ate
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

E a c h occup ation is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p in
the b as e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h oc c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u te d in ste p 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d by its w e i g h t .
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e t o t a l e d
to obtain a group a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g
the tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m ent shifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c to r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a ffe c t an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c u p a tio n wh en w o r k e r s a r e p aid
under plans p r o v i d i n g a range o f w a g e r a te s f o r i n d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o tt o m
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e withou t a change in w a g e r a t e s .

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c om pute d b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
by the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d used to com pute
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J anuary 1973, pp. 5 2 -57.
E s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

Occupations used to com pute w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ec reta rie s
Sten ograph ers, g en eral
Sten ogra ph ers, sen ior
T yp is ts , classes
A and B
F ile c le rk s , classes A,
B , and C
M essengers
Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s

O r d e r c le rk s , classes
A and B
A c c o u n ti n g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o l l clerk s
K e y entry o p era tors,
c l a s s e s A and B




T h e i n c id e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is stu died f o r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and
office w ork ers.
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d t o h e r e a f t e r as
p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s ) in clude w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and a l l non s u p e r v i s o r y
w orkers
(in cluding g ro u p l e a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t i n g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b l i n g , i n s p e c t i o n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , hand ling, p a c k ­
ing, w a r e h o u s i n g , shippin g, m a i n t e n a n c e , r e p a i r , j a n i t o r i a l and g u a r d s e r ­
v i c e s , p ro d uct d e v e l o p m e n t, a u x i l i a r y p r o d u c t i o n f o r p l a n t 's o w n use
( e . g . , p o w e r p l a n t ) , and r e c o r d k e e p i n g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
ate d w i t h the ab ove p ro d u c tio n o p e r a t i o n s .
( C a f e t e r i a and route w o r k e r s
2

The earnings o f computer operators are not included in the w a g e trend com putation ror this group.

A revised jo b description is being introduced in this survey w hich is not equivalent to the previous description.

a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s tr ie s but included in n onm anu fa cturin g
in d u stries.)
In f in a n c e and in s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s are c o n s i d e r e d to be
p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s include w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and all nons u p ervisory w o rk e rs
(in c lu d in g le ad w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d o f f i c e functions in such d e pa rtm e nts as ac counting,
a d v e r t i s i n g , p u r c h a s i n g , c o l l e c t i o n , c r e d i t , finan ce, l e g a l , p a y r o l l , p e r s o n n e l ,
s a l e s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , p u b lic r e l a t i o n s , e x e c u t i v e , o r tr a n s p o r t a t i o n .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l
as c o n s t r u c ti o n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
both the p r o d u c ti o n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s (table B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e on ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n iq u e s used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to have f o r m a l e n tr a n ce
r a t e s ab ov e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the tab le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
( T h e " X ' s " shown under s ta n dard
w e e k l y hours i n d i c a t e that no m e a n i n g f u l tota ls a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s --- m a n u fa c tu rin g (tab le B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u f a c tu r i n g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts r e g a r d i n g p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
p r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s on la t e s h ifts .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s i d e r e d as ha vin g
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h i c h (1) h a ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n
o f la t e s h i f t s , o r ( 2 ) ha ve o p e r a t e d late shifts at any t i m e durin g the 12
m onths p r e c e d i n g a s u r v e y . W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts have s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s
w h i c h v a r y by j o b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap plying to the m a j o r i t y o f the p ro d u c tio n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W h en e s ta b l i s h m e n ts ha ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h ic h apply
o n l y to c e r t a i n h o u rs o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l applying to the m a j o r i t y o f
the shift h o u rs i s r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is study, a la te shift is e i t h e r a s eco nd ( e v e n i n g )
s h if t w h ic h ends at o r n e a r m id n ig h t o r a t h i r d (night) shift w h ich s ta r ts at
o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e c o n d and th ird shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d
b y a l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y )
and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d by
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .
Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ; paid ho lid a ys ; paid v a c a ti o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s w h ic h ap ply to a m a j o r i t y o f the
p r o d u c t i o n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to ap ply to
a l l p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is te n t wh en it ap p li es to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
Holidays;
v a c a t i o n s ; and h e alth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e ns io n plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w i l l even tu ally b e c o m e e lig ib le .
Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y hours and days (table B - 3 ) . Sch ed ule d w e e k l y
h o u rs and days r e f e r to the n u m b e r o f ho urs and days p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d a y ) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e t h e r p aid f o r at
s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e rates.
P a i d h o l i d a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) . H olid a y s a r e in cluded i f w o r k e r s who
a r e not r e q u i r e d to w o r k a r e p aid f o r the t i m e o f f and th ose r e q u i r e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m i u m p a y o r c o m p e n s a t o r y t i m e off.
T h e y a r e inclu d ed
o n ly i f th ey a r e g r a n t e d an nuall y on a f o r m a l b as is
( p r o v i d e d f o r in




w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m ). H o lid a y s a r e included e ven though
in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r th ey f a l l on a n o n w o rk d ay and e m p l o y e e s a r e not
g ra n te d an oth er day o ff.
P a i d p e r s o n a l h o lid ay p la n s , t y p i c a l l y found in
the au to m o b ile and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s , a r e included as paid holidays.
Data a r e tabulate d to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) are
g ra n te d s p e c i f i c n u m b e rs o f whole and h a lf ho lid ays and (2) a r e gran te d
sp ecified
amounts o f to tal h o li d ay t i m e (w h ole and h a lf ho lidays are
aggrega ted).
P a i d v a c a tio n s (table B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t th e ir m ethod of
ca lc u la tin g v a c a tio n pay ( tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and the amount o f v a c a tio n p ay g ran te d .
O nly b a s ic f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a tio n bon u s es , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p lans, and "e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyo nd b a s i c plans a r e exclud ed .
F o r tabulating v a c a tio n pay g ran te d , all p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s i s .
V a c a tio n pay c a lc u la te d on o t h e r than a ti m e b as is is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is tab ulate d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a t i o n pay.
A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r each s p e c i f i e d leng th o f s e r v i c e a r e re la te d
to a l l p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f length of
s e r v i c e . V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r amount o f vacatio n
pay as s e r v i c e length en s. Counts o f p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length
o f s e r v i c e w e r e not obta ined.
T h e tabulation s o f v a c a tio n pay grante d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f th es e p r o v i s i o n s rathe r than
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s ac tu a ll y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e fits .
H e alt h , i n s u r a n c e , and pe n s ion plans (ta b les B - 6 and B - 7 ) . Health,
i n s u r a n c e , and p ensio n plans include
plans f o r wh ich the e m p l o y e r pays
e i t h e r all o r p a r t o f the cost.
The
c o s t m a y be (1) u n derw ritten by a
c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e com p any o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ich the e m p l o y e r has c on trib uted , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund set a s id e to c o v e r the cost.
A plan is included e v e n though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t do not cho os e to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e ca u s e th ey a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its cos t (p r o v i d e d the c ho ice to p a r t i c i p a t e is ava ila b le o r w i l l
e v e n tu a l l y b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) . L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y com pen sation , and
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y in s u ran ce 3 a r e exclud ed .
3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which m eet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1 ) employers contribute more than is leg a lly required or (2 ) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and em p loyes contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the em ployees' share and tire total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would i f they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more i f the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
ben efit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment insurance A c t ) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost o f the insurance.

L i f e i n s u r a n ce includes f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g i n d e m n ity (usually
th ro ugh an i n s u r a n ce p o l i c y ) in c ase o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In f o r m a t i o n is a ls o p r o v i d e d in tab le B - 7 on ty p es o f l i f e in s u r a n c e plans
and the amount o f c o v e r a g e iij a l l i n d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and in m anu fac tu rin g.
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to plans
w h ich p r o v i d e b e n e fit p ay m e n ts in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f l i m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an acciden t.

Labor-m anagem ent agreem en t cov e ra ge
T h e f o llo w in g tabulation shows the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the P o r t l a n d a r e a in wh ich
a union c o n tra ct or c on tra cts c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f the w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , D e c e m b e r 1978:
P r o d u c t i o n and
rela ted w o rk e rs

S ic k n e s s and a ccid en t in s u ran ce in clud es on ly th ose plans wh ich
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d cash p ay m ents be m ad e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b i l i ty .
Sic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 wh ich p r o v i d e f o r
continuing an e m p l o y e e ' s pay dur ing absence f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is tin g uis h b e tw e e n (1) plans w h ic h p r o v i d e fu ll pay w ith no
w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ic h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w aiting p e r i o d .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p ay m e n ts to t o t a l l y
d is a b led e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p aid s ic k l e a v e an d/or s i c k ­
ness and ac c id en t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m onths). P a y m e n t s a r e m ad e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m axim u m age, o r e lig ib ility fo r retire m en t b en efits.
F u ll o r partial p ay ­
ments a r e a l m o s t a lw a y s r ed u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c om p en s atio n , and p r i v a t e pe n s io n b e n e fits p ay ab le to the d is a b led e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s u ran ce plans r e p o r t e d
in th ese s u r v e y s p r o v i d e fu ll o r p a r t i a l pay m e nt f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u ran ce c o v e r s h o s p it al r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
other h o s p it a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g i c a l in s u ran ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d i c a l
in s uran ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a l l s .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m i n o r
ailm e n ts at a w o r k e r ' s p la c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m ed ica l insurance.
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u ran ce c o v e r a g e ap p lie s to s e r v i c e s wh ich go
beyond the b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d under h o s p i t a l i z a ti o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n ce t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c oin su ra n c e
fe a tu r e that r e q u i r e s the in s u r e d to pay a p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r ta i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f its ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .

A l l i n d u s t r i e s _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s ____

9
6
9
82

In d u s tria l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u fa c tu rin g
Ab ou t tw o - f if t h s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in the s c o p e of the s u r v e y in
the P o r tl a n d a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
Th e follow ing
p r e s e n ts the m a j o r industr y group s and s p e c i f i c in d u s tr i e s as a p e r c e n t
of a l l m an ufactu ring:
S p e c i f i c in d u s tr ie s

In dustr y groups
L e a t h e r and l e a th e r
p r o d u c t s ______________________
P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ___
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s __
F o o d and k indred p r o d u c t s __
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t___
E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t ________ _________
M a c h i n e r y , e xc e p t
e le ctrical
........ .
P r i n t i n g and publishing

R e t i r e m e n t p e n s ion plans p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n ts to the
retiree for life.
In clu ded a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans w h ic h p r o v i d e
the optio n o f p u r ch a s in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.
4
A n establishm ent is considered as h avin g a fo rm a l plan i f it s p e c ifie s at le a s t the m in im u m num ber
o f days o f sick le a v e a v a ila b le to each e m p lo y e e .
Such a plan n eed not be w ritten , but in fo rm a l sick le a v e




36
42
26
85

A n e s ta b lis h m en t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l
p ro d u c tion or o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d by
a l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a l l oth e r p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts that e i t h e r do not ha ve l a b o r m an a g e m e n t con tra cts in e f fe c t , o r h a ve c o n tr a c t s that ap p ly to f e w e r than
ha lf of th eir p ro duction o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of the extent to w h ic h a l l w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d
by the p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts a r e excluded and the i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y i s l i m i t e d .

D e nta l i n s u r a n ce plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
usually f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P l a n s wh ich p r o v i d e b e n e fits
only f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g ac c id en t d am age a r e not r e p o r t e d .

allow an ces d e term in ed on an in d iv id u a l basis are exclu d ed .

O ffice w o r k e r s

20
17
15
12
10
8

P a p e rm ills , except
b uild ing p a p e r
F o o t w e a r , e x c e p t ru b b e r
F a b r i c a t e d s tr u c t u r a l
m e t a l prod ucts
M o t o r v e h i c l e s and
equ ip m en t
E l e c t r o n i c c om p onen ts
and a c c e s s o r i e s

16
15
..

9
7
5

6
5

T h is in f o r m a t i o n is b as e d on e s t i m a t e s o f to t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d b e f o r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r i o u s ind us try d iv is io n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s
o f the s u r v e y as shown in appendix ta b l e 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Portland, M aine,1December 1978
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts in sc o p e
o f stu dy

W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y
W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
Stu d ied

T o ta l4
N um ber

ALL

D IV IS IO N S

T o ta l4

175

81

32*830

1UU

1 8 .3 0 5

<(.77 1

23*934

52
123

27
34

1 A .4 7 0
18*380

44
36

11*114
, 7 . 1V1

V0 7
3*864

11*882
12*072

30
bO
bO
bO
bO

16
24
43
18
22

12
7
16
10
9

3 .2 3 3
2*441
6*482
4*248
1 .V 7 6

10
7
20
13
6

1 T h e P o r t la n d S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t
and B u d g et th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f the c it ie s o f P o r t la n d , South P o r t la n d , and W e s t b r o o k ;
and th e to w n s o f C a p e E liz a b e t h , C u m b e r la n d , F a lm o u th , F r e e p o r t , G o rh a m , S c a r b o r o u g h , W in d h a m ,
and Y a r m o u t h in C u m b e r la n d C o u n ty; and S a c o c it y and O ld O r c h a r d B e a c h to w n in Y o r k C ou n ty.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te
d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e
n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s
o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f
th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s ific a t io n M an u al w a s u sed to c la s s if y
e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e ra tio n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .




F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

30

-------------------------------------------------------------

M AN U F AC TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T IO N . AND
OT H ER P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------WHOLE S A L E TR A DE
R E T A I L TRADE
----------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND R E A L E S T A T E
-------------S E R V I C E S 7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

P ercen t

F u ll- t im e
p ro d u c tio n and
r e la t e d w o r k e r s

2*034
t6>
(6*
i6)
j

432
( 6)
C6 )
<>
( 5>

2*871
1 .U 7 3
3*646
3*418
1*064

3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as on e e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t i m e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te
p r o d u c tio n and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to "p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f d ata is n ot m a d e fo r th is d iv is io n .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile
r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

25




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u r e a u 's w a g e
s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its
f i e l d s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p r o p r i a t e oc c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d un der a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to
e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a ti o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e job content.
Because
o f th is e m p h a s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y
o f o c c u p a ti o n a l
con tent, the B u r e a u 's jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d i f f e r s i g ­
n ifican tly fr o m
th o s e in use in in d iv id ual e s ta b lis h m en ts o r th ose p r e ­
pared fo r other purposes.
In applyin g th es e job d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s tr u c te d to exclude w o r k i n g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s
w h os e e a r n in g s a r e reduced b e c a u s e o f t h e i r
hand icap a r e a l s o e x c lu d e d . L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , unless
s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c lu d e d in the j o b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e excluded.

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SECRETARY

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in t a in s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a ti o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in dependently r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
duties
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e routine and un de rs tand in g o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n ts
fe ss io n a l, tech n ica l, o r m a n a g e ria l person s;

d.

Not a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y ” p o s s e s s the ab ov e
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e exc lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n
a r e as f o l l o w s :

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e dutie s;

c.

E xclu sion s

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do not
d e s c r i b e d ab ov e ;

m e e t the

"p e rs o n a l"

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich enta il m o r e d i f fi c u l t or m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y duties which
a r e not ty p i c a l - o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L i s t e d b e l o w a r e s e v e r a l o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h i c h r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s o r t i t l e s a r e b e in g in tro d u ce d
in th is s u r v e y :
G uard
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
(p revio u sly surveyed
as shipping and
receivin g clerk )
T ru ck d river

O r d e r clerk
P a y r o ll clerk
Secretary
K e y entry op erator
T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e ty p i s t
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r

T h e B u re a u has discontinued c o l l e c t i n g data f o r ta b u l a ti n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w at ch m e n a r e now c l a s s i f i e d as g uards un der the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n .

27

W o rk e rs previou sly

secretary

to a group

concept

of p r o ­

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — Continued

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h ich do not f i t any o f the situat ions l i s t e d in the
s e c t io n s b e l o w t i t l e d ' ' L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T ra in ees.

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l

LS —4

S e c r e t a r y jo bs w h ic h m e e t the a b ov e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a tc h e d at
one o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a ) th e l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
within the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s t r u c tu r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e chart f o l l o w i n g the exp lan ation s o f th e s e two
f a c t o r s in d ic a te s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c om b in atio n o f the
factors.
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v iso r (LS)
S e c r e t a r i e s should b e m a tc h e d at one o f the f o u r LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r with in the com pany
o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e.
LS —1

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l
unit (e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS—2

organization al

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s ta f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r o r a s s is ta n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n
o r expert.
(N O T E :
M any
c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to this l e v e l o f
s u p e rv is o ry o r n o n su p ervisory w o rk e r.)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in
the d e fin itio n f o r L S —
3, but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p l o y e e s and is usuall y d iv id e d
into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e ofte n , in turn, f u r t h e r
sub divid ed. In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l in clud es a w i d e range
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r two; o r

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l pla nt, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com pany
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d or p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c om p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e head ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g ,
re s e a r c h , op era tion s, in du strial rela tion s, etc.) o r a m a jo r
geo graph ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a reg ion al headqu ar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f
( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r




e.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e gm e n t (e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
zation a l se gm e n t o fte n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; or
b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
c. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the above LS d e f ­
i n it io n r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s who ha ve a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title "v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d oes not in a l l c as e s
i d e n t i f y such p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on ind ivid ual c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l tr u s t ac c ou n ts ; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s es o f applyin g the d e fin itio n .
L e v e l o f S e c r e ta ry 's R espo n sibility ( L R )
T h is f a c t o r e valuates the na tu re o f the w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e tw e e n
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the exte n t to w h ic h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e i n it ia tiv e and ju d g m e n t . S e c r e t a r i e s should be m a tc h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l duties in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a i l .

b.

A n s w e r s telep hon e r e q u e s t s w h i c h h a ve s tan da rd a n s w e r s .
r e p l y to r eq u e sts by send in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
oth e rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a tu r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
typograph ical accuracy.

d.

M ain tain s s u p e r v i s o r ' s
i n s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , takes and t r a n s c r i b e s d ic ta tio n ,

an in d iv id u a l plant , f a c t o r y , e tc .,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all,

greets

personal

calendar

and

ca llers,

makes

and f i l e s .

and

op ens

ap p oin tm e n ts

in ­

May

as

S E C R E T A R Y — Con tinued

S T E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

Sten ograph er, Sen ior

P e r f o r m s d uties d e s c r i b e d un der L R —1 and, in a d d ition p e r f o r m s
ta s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r j u d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and knowledge o f o f f i c e functions
inc lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o l lo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s t e le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h ic h can
be h a nd le d b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s subor dinate s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ic h r e q u i r e a d e taile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f i c e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o l l e c t i o n o f in f o r m a t i o n f r o m f i l e s o r
other offic e s.
M a y s ig n routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e rv is o r 's name.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c r e p o r t s on the b a s is
of g e n e r a l instru ctions.

d.

S c h ed u le s t e n t a t i v e appointm ents without p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b l e s n e c e s s a r y b ac k grou n d m a t e r i a l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e t i n g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to oth e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o t y p e s , takes d ic ta tion, and f i l e s . )

D ic tatio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M ay also set up
and m ain ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , e tc .

T h e f o l l o w i n g ta b u la tion shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r each
L S and L R c o m b in a tio n :

L e v e l o f s e cr e ta r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
dependence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v id e n c e d by
the f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o gr a p h ic speed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orough w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s iness o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a ti o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , e tc . U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o­
g r a p h i c duties and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ainta ining f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c ti o n s ; rea d in g and routing inc o m in g
m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g routine q u e s tio n s , etc .

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to typ e copy o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d dic ta tion which does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y als o type f r o m w r itte n
c op y. M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other r e l a t i v e l y
routin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o l v e d
w ith shorthand d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's respon sibility
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1
____________________________
LS—2____________________________
LS—
3____________________________

OR

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

LR -2
C lass
C lass
C la s s
C lass

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic tatio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fr o m a
sten o grap h ic pool.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fro m v o ic e reco rd in g s (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s ee T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
Typ ist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tas k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin itio n .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to mak e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s ha ve b een m a d e by another p e r s o n . M ay include
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g , such
as k e ep in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s ortin g and
d is trib u t in g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T yp in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m wh en it i n v o l v e s com b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s-pelling, s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n language m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layout
and ty ping o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n c e in sp acing.
M a y ty p e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g details to suit
circum stan ces.
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r routine ty p ing o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , etc .;
o r se tting up s i m p l e sta n da rd tab ula tio n s; o r copying m o r e c o m p le x ta b les
a l r e a d y set up and sp ac ed p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK

Stenographer, G en eral

keep

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an es tab lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and manual tasks r e q u i r e d to maintain f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o llo w in g definitions.

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l tas k s .




29

F I L E C L E R K — Continued

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
en c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d oc u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in conjunctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

adequ ac y o f in f o r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s ee that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m ain ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; ch e c k in g shipping i n v o i c e
ag ain s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(sub ject m a t t e r ) head in gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r sub head ings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s.
As requested,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E xclu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e using k n o w l ­
e d ge g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s i z i n g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f the job.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system (e .g ., alphabetical, c h ro n o lo g ica l, o r n u m e r ica l).
As
requested,
l o c a tes r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P ositions
d e fin ition s :

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a ti n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and d is trib u tin g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

are

c la ssified

into

levels

according

to

the

follow ing

C la s s A . Han dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts such as
c h o os in g which s p e c i f i c p ro d uct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's prod uct
l in e s w i l l s a tis f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
wh en p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m ak ing
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . H an dles o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h ich ha ve r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and a p p lic atio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r doc um ent to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is su p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra nch e xc h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , ou tgo ing , and i n t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te le p h on e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typing o r routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r ti o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u suall y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i tc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
le ad o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exclud ed . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
O p erator-R ecep tion ist.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , ac ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g natu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
busin ess and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a te p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con tac tin g that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g am a p p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER C LE R K
R e c e iv e s w ritte n o r v e rb a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o r d e rs fo r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a l e s p e o p le .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in vo lves
s om e c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s ti n g substitutes wh en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y date and m eth o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r
s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ac c ou n tin g cl r i c a l tasks such as pos tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank ac c ou ts; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accou nting docum ents ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d ac counting d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a ti o n s , p ostin g,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u rn a l
vouchers.
M ay w o r k in e i t h e r a m anua l o r autom ate d ac cou nting s y s te m .
The w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s wh ic h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and ac counting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and ac counting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e of the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and accou nting .
P ositions
defin ition s:

are

c la ssified

into

le v els

on the

basis of

the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A. U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s wh ich r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac counting t r a n s ­
ac tio n s , s e le c tin g amon g a sub sta ntial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac counting cod es
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro u gh p r e v i o u s ac cou nting
actions to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accounting c l e r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a ti o n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — Continued

P A Y R O L L C L E R K — Continued

w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c atio ns o f p ostin gs a r e c l e a r l y ind ic ated ;
ch e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r accounting d oc u m e n ts ; and cod ing documents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
a ccoun ting cod es.

l i s t i n g s again st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nonautom ate d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com pute s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u i r e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , com p any p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m ac h in e (with o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c tio n s .

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n tr y d e v i c e such as keypunch
m ac h in e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t i c tape o r disk e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
data into a f o r m suitab le f o r c o m p u te r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u i r e s s k ill in
o p e r a t i n g an alp h a n u m e ric k e y b o a r d and an un derstandin g of t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s ahd r e l e v a n t data e n tr y equip m en t.

C la s s A . K e e p s a s et o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r ac coun ting s y s t e m used.
D e te r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s tr i b u t i o n o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in each phas e o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and ot h e r r e c o r d s by hand.

Positions
d efin ition s:

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c t io n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g little knowle dge o f b as ic b oo kk eep ing. P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in clu d e accounts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not i n ­
cluding a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m achine b i l l e r ) , cost d i s ­
t r i b u ti o n , e x p e n s e d is tr i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, etc . M a y check o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tro l sheets f o r the accounting
d e p a r tm e n t.

are

cla ssified

into

l e v e l s on the b a s is of

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the ap p lic a tion o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud gment
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r coding i t e m s to be e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s ou r c e documents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m routine w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r clas s B.
N O T E : E x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s above c l a s s A using the key entr y
c o n tro ls to a c c e s s , r e a d , and ev alu ate the sub stance o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
take sub sta ntive ac tio n s , o r to m ak e e n t r i e s r e q u i r i n g a s i m i l a r l e v e l o f
know ledge.

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m ac h in e ot h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y also keep r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m ot h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m achin e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

C la s s B . W o r k is routine and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c los e s u p e rv is io n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m
v a r i o u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e docum ents wh ich have been coded and r e q u ire
l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , codin g, o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be en te re d. R e f e r s
to s u p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m is s i n g
info r m a tion .

B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r. U s e s a s p e c i a l b i llin g m ac h in e (c om b in atio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d discounts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m ay not be c om pute d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and to ta ls wh ic h a r e a u t o m a tic a lly ac c u m u late d by
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u suall y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e nu mber o f c arb o n cop ie s o f
the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fanfold m achine.

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a boo kkeeping m ac h in e (with o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p art o f the
ac cou nts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y in v o l v e s the s im u lta neous e n tr y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . The m achin e a u t o m a tic a lly accum ulate s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l columns and computes and usually prin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a la n ce s .
Does not i n v o l v e a k no w le dg e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p es o f s a le s and
c r e d i t s lip s.

A n a l y z e s b u s in ess p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s olving
th e m by use of e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equipm en t. D e v e lo p s a c om p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f all s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ate d and i d e n tifie s conditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s nu m b er and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docum ents to be used; ou tlines actions to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u f f ic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p re p a r a tio n of
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and re c o m m e n d s
equipm en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s analy sts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e te r m in e th e ir pay.)

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c ti o n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f its , o r ta x dedu ctions; ed iting p a y r o l l




31

C O M P U T E R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINE S S--- Continued

BUSINESS— Continued

D oes not in clu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f ot h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s an aly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p ro b lem s.

lan gu a ge , cause the m an ip ulation o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r sub­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to an a lyz e c h a r ts and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e quence o f p r o g r a m ste p s; w r i t e s d e ta ile d f lo w
charts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e
charts to coded in s tru c tio ns f o r m a c h in e to f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l during p ro d u c tion
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a ti n g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to ne w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l ­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an alys ts i f th is is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a g e study p urpo ses, s y s t e m s an aly sts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C l a s s A . W o r k s in dependently o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b l e m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m ents o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s an i n t e g r a t e d p ro d u c tion
sched uling, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
which e v e r y i t e m o f each typ e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th rough the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p ac tions a r e i n itia te d by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f ne w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d, f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r
obtaining equipm ent.

Does not include e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g
pro blem s.
F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

M a y p r o v i d e functional
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r

le v e l system s

are c la s s ifie d

as

follow s:

analysts
C la ss A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s which r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all phases o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g concepts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and charts
w h ich id e n tify the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g ste ps to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s steps o f the p r o b ­
l e m s olv in g routin e; plans the f u l l range o f p r o g r a m m i n g ac tio ns n e e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u ti l i z e the c om p u te r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d ep end ently o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n co m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m ain ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accounts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s ta b l i s h m e n t, o r m ain ta in in g in v e n t o r y
accounts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s te m s
to be applie d.

A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u i p ­
m ent m ust be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
ucts f r o m numerous and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s i v e nu m b er o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s
such actions as d e ve lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ich can be r e ­
us ed, e s tab li s h m en t o f linkag e p oin ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , adjustm ents to
data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i ty , and
substa ntia l man ipulatio n and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a
h ig h ly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on routine a s s i g n ­
m en ts and r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and guidan ce on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n ts . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to
in s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

M ay p r o v i d e fu nctional d i r e c t i o n
a r e a s s ign e d to a s s is t.

to l o w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINESS

C la ss B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) usually p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in two
o r th r e e v a r i e d sequences o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , adapting, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r addition s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
input data which a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e f i n e d in p r i o r actions so that the a c c u r a c y
and sequencing o f data can be t e s t e d b y using a f e w routine ch e c k s. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d eals w it h routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

C o n v e r t s s tatem ents o f b u s in ess p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, into a s equence o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equipm en t.
W o r k i n g f r o m charts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e ­
c i s e in s tr u c tio n s w h ich , wh en e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in coded

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) under
c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay assist
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f fi c u l t tas k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta s k s un der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .

C l a s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a lys e s
as a s s ig n e d , usually o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e l o p and exp an d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the ap p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s an alyst by p r e p a r i n g the d e ta ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l analy st.




OR

32

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M a y guid e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

C la s s B . In ad dition to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tion runs, w o r k a s s i g n ­
m en ts include runs i n v o l v i n g new p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , situations w h ic h r e q u i r e the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r i e t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
A t this l e v e l , the o p e r a t o r has the tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e to w o rk f a i r l y
ind e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y i n g out m o s t a s s i g n m e n ts . A s s i g n m e n t s m ay r e q u ire
the o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f standard setup and op e r atin g
procedures.
In res p on d in g to c o m p u te r output in s tr u c tio n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d ition s , a p p lie s stan da rd o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m ay
d e v i a te f r o m stan da rd p r o c e d u r e s wh en sta ndard p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d evia tion
does not m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r un it’ s p ro d u c tion plans. R e f e r s the
p r o b l e m o r a b orts the p r o g r a m when p r o c e d u r e s ap pli ed do not p r o v i d e a
solution. M a y guide l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p li catio n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and concepts u s u a lly l e a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
Assign m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the ap p li cation o f standard p r o ­
c e d u r e s to routine p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new asp e cts
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t i n g i n s tr u c tio n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u te s runs by
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s tw o o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s im u lta n e o u s ly ).
The f o l l o w i n g
duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r :
- Studies
need ed.

operating

- L o a d s e q u ip m e n t
paper, etc.).

in s tr u c tio n s
with

to

req u ired

determ ine
i te m s

equip m en t

(tap e s ,

cards,

C la s s C . W o r k a s s ig n m e n ts a r e l i m i t e d to e s ta b lis h e d pro duction
runs ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h ic h p r e s e n t f e w o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s ) .
A s s ig n m e n ts
m a y c o n s is t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g ( s o m e t i m e s augmented by
c l a s s r o o m i n s t r u c t i o n ) . When l e a r n i n g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e t a i l e d w r i t t e n o r o r a l guidance to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and during the run. A f t e r the o p e r a t o r has gained e x p e r i e n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y independently in
ap p lyin g standard o p e r a t i n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in responding to
c o m p u t e r output i n s tr u c tio n s o r e r r o r c on d it ion s , but r e f e r s p r o b l e m s to a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r when standard p r o c e d u r e s f a i l .

setup
d is k s ,

- S w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y equipm en t into s y s te m .
- S ta rts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r.

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IPM E N T O P E R A T O R

- R e sp o n d s to o p e r a t i n g and c o m p u te r output in s tr u c tio n s .
- R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m ak es c o r r e c t i o n s
or r e fe r s p rob lem s.

during o p e r a ti o n

O p e r a t e s p e r i p h e r a l e quip m en t w h i c h d i r e c t l y supports d igita l
c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n s . Such e qu ip m en t is un ique ly and s p e c i f i c a l l y designed
f o r c o m p u te r a p p l i c a ti o n s , but n e e d not be p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
con n e c te d to a c o m p u te r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , ca r d r ea d / p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r i v e s , disk units o r d r i v e s , and data d ispla y units
a r e e x a m p l e s o f such equip m ent.

- M a in ta in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d .
M a y t e s t - r u n n e w o r m o d i f i e d p r o g r a m s . M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p ro gram s.
T h e s c o p e o f this d e fin itio n includes t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i f i e d c o m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and le a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g te c h n i c a l a s s i s ta n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
operators.
It e x c l u d e s w o r k e r s w h o m o n i t o r and o p e r a te r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .

T h e f o l l o w i n g duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l equipment
operator:

C la s s A . In ad d ition to w o r k as s ig n m e n ts d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c la s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at l e a s t one
o f the fo l l o w i n g :
-

- L o a d in g p r i n t e r s
and p l o t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r; adjusting
c o n tr o ls f o r f o r m s , t h i c k n e s s , te n s io n , p rin tin g d ensity , and
l o c a t io n ; and unloading h a rd copy.

D e v i a t e s f r o m sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to avoid the lo s s o f i n f o r ­
m a ti o n o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u te r t i m e e v e n though the p r o c e d u r e s
ap p lie d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r unit's p ro d u c tion plans.

- T e s ts new p r o g r a m s ,

- L a b e l l i n g tape r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d deck s.
- C heckin g la b e l s and mou nting and d ismounting
r e e l s o r disks on s p e c i f i e d units o r d r i v e s .

ap p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .

- A d vises
program m ers
t e c h n iq u e s .

and

su bject-m atter

experts

- Sett ing c o n tr o l s w h ich r eg u la te o p e r a t i o n o f the equipment.
on

setup

- O b s e r v i n g p a n e l lig hts f o r w a r n in g s
ta k in g a p p r o p r i a t e action.

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a i n t a i n i n g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a ti n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e lo p in g op e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s and
te c h n iq u e s to c o v e r p r o b l e m situatio ns; and/or (3) s w it c h in g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (such a s s is ta n c e r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f p r o g r a m lan gua ge, c o m p u te r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

o p e r a t o r at




th is

lev el

t y p i c a l l y guides

low er

d esig na ted tape

and

error

indications and

- E x a m i n i n g ta p e s , c a r d s , o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r o t h e r d e fe c t s w h ic h cou ld caus e p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

tears,

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s (1) who m o n i t o r and o p e r a te a
c o n t r o l c o n s o le ( s e e c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m i n a l , o r (2) wh ose
duties a r e l i m i t e d to o p e r a t i n g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
equ ip m en t.

le v e l operators.

33

C O M PU TE R D A T A LIB R A R IA N

E LE C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

M ain tain s l i b r a r y o f m e d i a (ta p e s , d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) used
f o r au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g ap p lic a tio n s . T h e f o l l o w i n g o r s i m i l a r duties
c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u te r data l i b r a r i a n :
C l a s s i f y i n g , c a ta lo g in g ,
and s t o r i n g m e d i a in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a s t a n d a r d i z e d s y s t e m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e l e a s i n g m e d i a f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m a in ta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r etu rn s ; in s p e c tin g r etu rn e d m e d i a f o r d a m a ge o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r not th ey ne e d r e p l a c i n g . M a y p e r f o r m m i n o r r e p a i r s
to d a m a ge d ta p e s .

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c om b ination o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s ta l l i n g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , ov e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t ru c tin g , and t e s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put equip m en t in
r e q u i r e d op e r a tin g condition.

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s tin c tiv e d e sig n fe a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d ra ft in g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e suppor t w ith the d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n chan ges. A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h change on the
de tail s o f f o r m , functio n, and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f com pon ents and
p a r ts . W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d by d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e te r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by
lo w e r le v e l dra fters.
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutin e and c o m p l e x d r a ft in g as s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tion o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d i z e d d ra w in g techn iq ues
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w orking
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s hap e s , m u l t i p l e functions, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p on e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c on s t ru c tio n o f a buil din g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f foun da­
tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
manua ls in m ak ing n e c e s s a r y com puta tions to d e t e r m i n e quantities o f
m a t e r i a l s to be us ed, load c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R eceives
in itia l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is check ed f o r t e c h n i c a l ad equac y.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta i l d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t ru c tio n , m an u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu de i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f com pon ents
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m eth od s of
a p p ro ac h, a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n ts . I n s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e wh en a s s ig n m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d dur ing p r o g r e s s .

D R AFTE R -TR AC E R
C o p ie s plans and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s by p la c in g t r a c i n g
cloth o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
include t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tr a i g h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n . )

T h e equipment— c on s is tin g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the follo w in g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r ad io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
an alo g c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equip m ent.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such s ta n dard e l e c t r o n i c
equip m en t as c om m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h ousehold ra d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s ets ; pro duction a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t i n s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n i c i a n s who ha ve a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en g in e e rs .
Positions
d efin ition s:

are cla ssified

into

l e v e l s on

the b a s i s o f

the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A . A p p l i e s ad vanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in clu d e lo c a t i o n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a ti o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c ti o n s , and
fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g chan ges. W o r k i n v o l v e s :
A d e ta i l e d u ndersta nding o f
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such ta sks as m ak ing c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r ela tion sh ip s in s ign a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x t e s t i n ­
s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a ti o n m e t e r s ,
p ulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la ss B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , those that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anua ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equipment. W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and judgment in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k sequ e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
to o l s and te s tin g i n s tr u m e n ts , u sually l e s s c o m p l e x than th o s e used by the
c la s s A te chn ic ian.
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l gu id an c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n s .

AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d durin g p r o g r e s s .




C la s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routine tasks in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n ­
s tr u c tio n s wh ich c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — Continued

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — Continued

ta s k s as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and using to o l s and c om m o n t e s t in s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
no t r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w i t h the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d th ro u gh as s ign m e n ts d e s i g n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can advance
to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .

equip m en t; w o r k i n g
w irin g or e le c tric a l
and m e a s u r i n g and
tena nce e l e c t r i c i a n
th ro u gh a f o r m a l

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c h eck ed , but is g i v e n d e ta i l e d
r e v i e w when ne w o r ad v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e in v o l v e d .
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D uties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; attendin g t o subseq uent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p atie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g ac c id en t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e xa m in a tion s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p lic an ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e alth e d u c a tion , a'ccident p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e alt h, w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Tooiroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c on stru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and equip m en t such as bins, c r i b s , counters,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
l a y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s tr u c tio n s ;
usin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s ha nd too ls , p o r ta b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and stan da rd
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g sta n da rd shop com putations r e l a t i n g to d i ­
m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e functio ns such as the i n ­
s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equipm en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
bution, o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e atin g units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d ra w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r




s tan da rd com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
e q u ip m en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools
t e s t i n g i n s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p es o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
painting b y r e m o v i n g old f in is h o r by p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in na il holes
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r con­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l ap p re n tic es h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and ne w p a r t s in m ak ing r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l equ ip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s ; plann ing and l a y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's handto o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; setting up and o p e r a tin g standard
m ac h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m ak ing standard
shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , fe e d s , and speeds
o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g sta n da rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e quip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r this w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts into m e c h a n i c a l e qu ip m en t. In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded tr a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e usuall y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e quivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equ ip m en t o f an e s tab lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e quip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d ism an tling
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use of handtools in
s c r a p i n g and f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p arts w ith ite m s
ob ta ined f r o m sto ck; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p art by a
m ac h in e shop o r sending the m a c h in e to a m ac h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d uction o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and making all
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually
a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p erience.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s whose p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e s e ttin g up o r adjusting m a c h i n e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a utom otive
e quip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equ ipm en t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtoo ls a s ' w r e n c h e s , g aug es,

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C ( M O T O R V E H I C L E ) — Continued

M A IN TE N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R

d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e qu ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b ro k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m stock; g rin d in g and adjustin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and in s ta l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , adjusting b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b ody b o l ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n an c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually a c q u i r e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m ain te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r supplied w it h m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and eq uip m en t; a s s i s ti n g j o u r n e y m a n b y hold ing m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g ot h e r un skille d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d by j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In
s o m e tr a d e s the h e l p e r is confined to s u p p lyin g, l i f t i n g , and hold ing m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and cleanin g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m achine o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s
not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in au t o m o b ile r e p a i r shops.

m ech anics

who

rep air

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p es o f pip e and
p i p e fitt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f pip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t length s w it h
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; th re a d in g
pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; bendin g pip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g pip e w ith couplin gs and f a s te n in g pip e to h a n g e r s ;
m ak in g sta n da rd shop c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e of
pipe r e q u i r e d ; and m a k in g s tan da rd t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r fi n i s h e d pipes
m eet specifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers prim arily
e n g ag ed in in s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b uil d in g s anitation o r heat ing s y s t e m s
are exclu ded.
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W OR K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
equip m en t and f i x t u r e s (such as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta nks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, duc ts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n in g and la y in g out all ty p e s of
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
tions; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h in e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, bend in g, f o r m i n g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s ta l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r
e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls ne w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d i s m a n tl e s and
i n s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e qu ip m en t when changes in the plant layout a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y i n g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools
and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g standard shop c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s tr en gth
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b a la n cin g equip m en t;
s e l e c t i n g stan da rd t o o l s , e q u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and in s t a l l i n g and
m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e qu ip m en t such as d r i v e s and
sp ee d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O LR O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a ti n g one o r m o r e than one t y p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin din g m a c h i n e , e ng in e lathe, m i l l i n g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m ak ing o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l dies o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
nonm etallic m a te r ia l (e.g., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru bber, g la s s).
W ork typ ica lly
i n v o l v e s : P lann ing and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to ols ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and adjust g u id e s , s to p s , w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c on tro ls to handle the s i z e o f stoc k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ); using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts during
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c oo la n ts and cutting and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when to o ls need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e usually a c q u i r e d th ro u gh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
in clude m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
Constr ucts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l dies o r m o ld s used in shap ing o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a t e r i a l (e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W ork typ ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and lay in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n de rs tan d in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a l l o y s ;
s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e tas k ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u tatio n s ;
se tting up and o p e r a tin g v a r i o u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d equ ip m en t; using
v a r i o u s to ol and die m a k e r ' s ha ndto ols and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d to o l s
and d ies to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f ittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u ally a c q u ir e d th ro ugh f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not
inclu d e t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ies (d ie s i n k e r s ) .

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S H I P P E R A N D R E C E I V E R — Continued

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y als o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c on dition in g. W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m ain ta in in g equ ip m en t such as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k in g e qu ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c on su m p tio n .
M a y also s u p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are exclu d ed .

R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the follo w ing :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m in g shipm en ts by c o m p a rin g ite m s and
quantities unloaded ag ain s t b i l l s o f lad ing , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s , s tor a g e
rec e ip ts , or other r ec o rd s ;
checkin g f o r d a m a g e d g ood s ; insuring that
good s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n t i f i e d f o r routin g to d e p a rtm e n ts within the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f goods r e c e i v e d .

S h ip per
R eceiver
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m en t in w h ich e m ­
p l o y e d w ith heat, p o w e r , o r
s te a m .
F e e d s fuels to f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l stokfer, g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and checks w a t e r and
s a f e ty v a l v e s . M a y c le an , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U CK D R I V E R
D rives
a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r i n d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s such as: M a n u fa c t u rin g p la nts, f r e i g h t depots , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' ho uses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o load o r unload tr u c k
w ith o r with out h e l p e r s , m ak e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in
good w o r k i n g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
r a te d c a p a c i ty o f tr u c k , as f o l l o w s :

tru ck drivers

are c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t tr u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , un der l V 2 tons, u s u ally 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m tru c k
(s t r a i g h t t r u c k , IV 2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , usually 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tr u c k
(s t r a i g h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , usuall y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river, tr a c to r -tr a ile r
S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l tasks in connection w ith shipping
goods o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m in g
s hip m en ts .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , routine ta s k s , f o l l o w s e s t a b l i s h e d
g u i d e l i n e s . In ha ndli ng unusual nonroutine p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u i d ­
ance f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M ay d i r e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in handling goods to be shipped o r b e in g
received.
S h ip p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e
r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d by c o m p a rin g i t e m s and qu antities
o f goods g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m en t ag ain s t d ocum ents ; in s u rin g that shipm en ts
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d w ith shipping in f o r m a tio n , and lo a d e d into
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s of good s ship ped, e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f la d ing.




F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties which r e q u ire
an un derstandin g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and obvious d a m a ge s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , sta ck ing, o r p a l l e ti z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m ethod s; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta kin g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipm en t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g duties.

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties in v o l v e shipping and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fi l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p o w e r tr u c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d goods f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s ale s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s tr u c ti o n s .
M a y , in ad dition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n ­
d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r eq u is ition
ad d ition al sto ck o r r e p o r t s h o rt s up p li es to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
r e l a t e d duties.

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin i s h e d p ro d u c ts f o r shipm ent o r s t o r a g e by placing th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d being dependent
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p ac k ed , the ty pe o f con ta iner
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f ship m en t. W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n of a p p ro p riate
typ e and s i z e o f c o n ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c on tain e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g and s eali ng
c on ta in e r ; and ap p lyin g la b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n ti f y i n g data on con tainer.
P a c k e r s who als o m a k e w o od e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e exclu d ed .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

G U A R D — Continued

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fa c tu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
ot h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; un packing, s h e l v i n g , o r p la c i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y handtr uck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , wh o loa d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

Guards e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i v e
v i c e s on a c on tra ct b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is occup ation.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , g u ard s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

Class A . E n f o r c e s r e g u l a t i o n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s jud gm ent and uses d i s c r e t i o n in d e a l i n g w ith e m e r ­
gen cies
and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s e n c o u n te r e d .
D eterm in es whether firs t
r e s p o n s e should be to in t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y (a s k in g f o r a s s i s t a n c e when d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p situation un der s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t situation so that it can be handled by a p p r o p r i a t e au th ority .
Duties
r e q u i r e s p e c i a l i z e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y
areas.
C o m m o n ly , the guard is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e continuing p h y s i c a l
f i tn e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

P O W E R -TR U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t goods and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m an u fac tu rin g plant , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as f o l l o w s :

ser­

C la ss B . C a r r i e s out i n s tr u c ti o n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n ­
s u rin g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p ro p ria t e authority . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in s itu ations w h ich
r e q u i r e m i n i m a l action to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
Duties r e q u i r e
m i n i m a l trainin g.
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p h y s i c a l fit n e s s . M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f p o w e r -

F ork lift op erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t ho use, o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s ta b lis h m en t. Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w ee p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; dusting equip m en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g supplies and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w a s h in g ar e e x c l u d e d .

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a za r d s
or in terferen ce.
Duties i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d p os t, m ak in g rounds on
foot o r by m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be d epu tiz ed
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y als o help v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s by a n s w e r in g
qu estions and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




38

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follo w in g areas are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u rvey resu lts are pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ic h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at no c o s t, w h i l e s u p p lies la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
shown on the b ac k c o v e r .
A la sk a (statew id e)
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a —
Standish—T a w a s C i t y , M i c h .
Ann A r b o r , M i c h .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N.J .
A u g u s ta, G a.—
S.C.
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a l i f.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
Battle C re e k , M ich.
B ea u m o n t—P o r t A r th u r — O r a n g e , T e x .
B ea u m o n t-P o rt A r th u r — range
O
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
M oss Poin t, M iss.
B in g h a m to n , N . Y .
B irm in g h a m , A la.
B l o o m i n g t o n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B rerne rton— h e lt on , W a sh .
S
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C ed a r R apids, Iowa
C h a m p a ign —U r b a n a —R an tou l, 111.
C h a r l e s t o n —N o r t h C h a r l e s t o n —
W a l t e r b o r o , S.C .
C h a r l o t t e —G a s to n ia , N .C .
Cheyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . — y .
K
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a — u m t e r , S.C .
S
C o lu m b u s , Ga.—A l a .
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
D e c a t u r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , I o w a
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M inn .—W i s .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r i n g f i e l d —M e d f o r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C . *




F o r t L a u d e r d a le —H o l l y w o o d
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a Raton, F la .
F o r t Sm ith , A r k . —
Okla.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e rs to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u rg , M d . - P a .
G o ld s b o r o , N.C.
Grand Island—H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
Guam, T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —Lebanon, P a .
K n o x v i l l e , Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —Ton op ah , N e v .
L i m a , Ohio
L i t t l e Rock—N orth L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , Ohio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , Md.— a . —Del.
V
M ac on , Ga.
M a d is o n , W i s .
M ain e (s ta te w id e )
M a n s f i e l d , Ohio
M c A lle n — h arm E d in bu rg
P
and B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r l i n g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M erid ia n , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , Mon mouth, and
O cean C o s ., N.J.
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C it y,
A l a . —F la .
Mon tana ( s t a te w id e )
N a s h v i l l e —D avid son, Tenn.
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N ew Ham pshire (statew ide)
N e w London—N o r w i c h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r th Dakota (s ta te w i d e )
N orthern N ew Y o r k
N o r th w e s t T e x a s
O r la n d o , F l a .
O xn ard — i m i V a l l e y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
P e o r i a , 111.
Phoenix, A r iz .
P i n e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b l o , Colo.
P u e r t o R ic o
R a l e i g h —Du rham , N .C .
Reno, N ev .
Sali na, K an s.

Sa li nas— e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selm a, Ala.
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
South Dakota ( s ta te w i d e )
South ern Idaho
So uthwe st V i r g i n i a
Spokane, Wash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u c s o n —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , Okla.
U p p e r P e n i n s u l a , M ic h .
V e r m o n t (s t a t e w i d e )
V i r g i n Islands o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
W e s t V i r g i n i a (s t a t e w i d e )
W i c h i t a F a l l s —L awton—Altu s ,
T e x .—
Okla.
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l.—N .J .—Md.
Y ak im a—Richland—K e n n e w ic k —
P e n d l e t o n , W a sh .— r e g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accountants, a u d ito r s , c h ie f account­
ants, a t t o r n e y s , job an alysts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g techn icians,
d r a f t e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a tion a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
fe ssio n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , Technical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2.40
a c op y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the
bac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
tendent o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , Wa shington,
D .C . 20402.

* U .S .

GOVERNM ENT

P R IN T IN G

O F F IC E :

1




/

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
B u ll e tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the bac k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . 20402.
M a k e check s p a y a b le to Superin te ndent of
D ocum ents.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th r o u g h 1976, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1978________________________ ____ ____________
A lb a n y —Sch en e ctad y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1978 1_______________
A n a h e i m —Santa An a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t . 1978 1 -..........................................................................
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1978 1_________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1978 1____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u ly 1978_______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1978__________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1978 1 _____________________________________
B u f fa l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 .................................................................
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1978__________________________________________
C h a tta n o og a , T e n n .—G a . , Sept. 1978 1 _________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1978___________________________________________
C i n c i n n a ti , O hio —K y . —I n d . , July 1978__________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1978_____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1978 1____________________________________
C or p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1978________________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1978 1 ........................................
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Isla n d —M o l i n e , Iow a —111., F e b . 1 978-------D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1978_________________________________________
D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1978________________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c .
1978____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1978............................................ ................
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1978 1 ----------------------------------------------G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1978____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 197 8 1______________________ ____________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — igh P oin t,
W
H
N . C . , A u g . 1978___________________________ ______________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r ta n b u r g , S . C . , June 1978_____________________
H a r t f o r d , C on n ., M a r . 1978 1 --------------------------------------------H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1978________________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 78----------------------------------------------In d i a n a p o l i s , In d., O c t. 1978 1 -------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1 9 78 _______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1978___________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , Sept. 1978---------------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1978 1-------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—Ind ., N o v . 1978________________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1978______________________




B u l l e t i n number
and p r i c e * 2025-63,
2025-58,

$1.00
$1.20

2025-65,
2025-28,
2025-50,
2025-38,
2025-15,
2025-43,
1950-58,
2025-22,
2025-51,
2025-32,
2025-39,
2025-49,
2025-59,
2025-29,
2025-52,
2 0 25 -6 ,
2025-66,
2025-48,
2025-68,
2025-11,
2025-31,
2025-45,
2025-41,

$1 .30
$1.40
$1.50
$1 .00
80 cents
$1.50
$ 1.0 0
70 cents
$1.20
$1.30
$ 1.1 0
$1.30
$1.50
$1.0 0
$1.50
70 cents
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$ 1.2 0
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20

2025-46,
2025-30,
202'5-14,
2025-23,
2 0 2 5 -4 ,
2025-57,
2 0 25-1,
2025-67,
2025-53,
2025-61,
2025-69,
2025-62,

$1.00
$ 1.0 0
$ 1.2 0
$ 1.2 0
70 cents
$1.50
70 cents
$1.00
$1.30
$1.50
$1.00
$1.00

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1978 1___________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 ____________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M inn.— i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________
W
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k , N . Y . , June 1978 1
______________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1978 1 ..................................................... ........
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1978_____________ ____________ _______ _
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 8 1______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1978____ ___________ _____________ __________ _________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p to n , V a.—N . C . , M a y 1978____________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Au g . 1978____________________________
O k la h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1978______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t. 1978________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J . , June 1978 1 _______________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1978______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1978_____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1978 1 _________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1978____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1978 1 ______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K i n g s t o n - N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1978 1_____
P r o v i d e n c e - W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —
M a s s . , June 1978................................................. ..........................
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1978________________________ _____________
St. L o u i s , M o . —ELI., M a r . 1978__________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 19771_________________________________
Sa gin aw , M i c h . , N o v . 1978_____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g de n , Utah, N o v . 1977______________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1978__________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1_________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1_________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1__________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D ec. 1977____________________________
South B en d , End., Au g . 1978____________________________________
T o l e d o , O h io— i c h . , M a y 19781_________________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1978 1______________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , July 1978__________________________________
W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1978______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 ____________ ____ ______________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1978 1...................................................................

*

B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
2025-60, $1.30
2025-18,
2025-2, $1.40
2025-33, $1.30
2025-7, $1.40
2025-5, $1.00
2025-35, $1.50
2025-20,

70 cents

2025-21, 80 cents
2025-47, $1.00
2025-40, $1.00
2025-56, $1.00
2025-36, $1.20
2025-54, $1.30
2025-3, $1.10
2025-70, $1.20
2025-25, $1.00
2025-37, $1.10
2025-42, $1.20
2025-27, $1.40
2025-26, 80 cents
2025-13,
$1.20
1950-72,
$1.00
2025-64, $1.00
1950-68, 80 cents
2025-17, 70 cents
1950-73, $1.10
2025-10, $1.40
2025-9, $1.20
1950-75, 80 cents
2025-44, $1.00
2025-24, $1.20
2025-55, $1.20
2025-34, $1.00
2025-12, $1.40
2025-16, 80 cents
2025-19, $1.10
2025-8, $1.10

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.

1 D ata on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

$1

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

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Region Itt

Region IV

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