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Area / 9
Wage
Survey

r o " 6

Bulletin 1950-69




?

Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
December 1977

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a D e c e m b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n in g s in the P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a r t o f th e B u re au o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a
wage survey p ro gra m .
It w a s con du cted by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
B oston , M a s s . , under the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f G ord on E. B ow en, A s s i s t a n t
R egio n al C o m m is s io n e r fo r O perations.
T h e s u r v e y could not have been
a c c o m p l i s h e d without the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and
s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b as is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l in f o r m a tio n in this bulletin.
T h e B u re au w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a ti o n
received.




M a t e r i a l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p ublic domain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e credit
the B ureau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s and c ite the n a m e and number o f this
public ation.

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the P o r t l a n d a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a te s
f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d build ing t r a d e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m
the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
March 1978
Bulletin 1950-69

Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
December 1977
C o n te n ts

Page

I n tr o d u c tio n ------------------------------------------------------

2

T ab les:
A.

E arn in g s , all e s ta b li shm en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y earnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s --------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k l y e arning s of p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s ------A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arning s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
techn ical w o r k e r s , b y s e x -----------A - 4 . H o u r l y earnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, to o l r o o m , and
p ow e rp la n t w o r k e r s --------------------A - 5 . H o u r l y earnings of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial
A-6.

A-7.

Appendix A ,
Appendix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




3
5

6

7

A v e r a g e h o u r ly earnings o f
mainte nan ce, to o lr o o m ,
powerplant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and custo dial w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x ------------------------------------------ 9
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly e arn in g s ,ad ju s te d f o r
e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s , f o r s e ­
l e c te d occupational g r o u p s ----------- 10
Scope and method o f s u r v e y ---------Occup ational d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------

11
14

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a rt m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B ureau
o f L a b o r S t a ti s ti c s conducts s u r v e y s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f its . (See li s t o f a r e a s on in s id e bac k c o v e r . ) In e ach a r e a , oc c u p atio n al
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually. In f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b een c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b ull etins a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r eac h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e co n d p r e s e n t s nation al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l St an dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d State s , exclu ding
A l a s k a and H aw a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th rough the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n o f w a g e s by occupation,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . The
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , including
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t io n . S u r v e y re s u lt s als o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s under the S e r v i c e C on trac t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - l th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o ccup atio ns c om m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m anufac tu rin g and nonm anu fa cturin g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro ugh A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m en ts
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e hourly e arn in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk ill ed plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l in d u s tr i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and nonm anu fa cturin g s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m ain te n an c e w o r k e r s in nonm anu fa cturin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this oc c u p atio n al g ro u p in n onm anu fa cturin g is to o s m a l l to
w a r r a n t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w ag e
tr e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s caused by e m p l o y ­
m en t shif ts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m en ts
included in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r th e r d e t a i l s , s ee app endix A.
Ap p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m eth od s and c on cep ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c op e of the s u r ve y .
Ap p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s used by B u re au f i e l d e c o n o ­
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occupation.

A. Earnings
Table A.-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Maine, December 1977
^"""weeM ^earnlng^^™
( standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number

Num ber

of w orkers
*

$

Av erage
weekly

$

w e e k ly earn in g s

s tra igh t-tim e

rec e iv in g

$

s

$

$

*

s

o f ----

s

$

*

(standard)

1 10

120

130

14 0

150

160

170

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

90

workers

100

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

~

4
-

-

7
-

13
1

30

35

36

33

30

-

3

2

10

3

9

4

-

7

12

27

33

26

30

21

■»

4

“

2

2

1

-

-

-

4

1

-

3

8

2

7

15

7

6

6

80
Mean*

M e di a n*

Middle range 2

90

and
under

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

*

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

200

210

220

230

240

250

26 0

270

280

over

2 1

22

13

21

8

4

7

9

7

d

14

3

-

3

12

15

5

7

5

4

4

2

8

1

1

3

2

2

2

1

4

2

1

5

2

-

-

1

i

-

-

6

4

3

-

2

1

1

7

-

** 8

3

3

2

“

1

7

-

190

280

ALL UORKERS
S E C R E T A R IE S -----------------»-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

306

3 9 .0

$
1 7 6 .0 0

$
1 6 8 .0 0

$
$
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

72

3 9 .5

1 8 6.5 0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 1 0 .5 0

2 34

3 8 .5

1 7 3.0 0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

33

3 9 .0

2 2 5 .0 0

2 3 2 .0 0

1 7 7 .5 0 -2 6 3 .5 0

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A ----------------------------

20

3 9 .0

1 9 9.0 0

199.S O

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

77

3 8 .5

1 9 5.0 0

1 7 9 .5 0

1 6 1 . 5 0 - 2 1 2 . 5C

-

-

-

-

72

3 8 .0

1 9 5 .0 0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

~

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING
---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------S E C R E T A R IE S . C LASS 0 ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

101

1 7 3.0 0

1 7 0.0 0

4 0 .0

2 0 0 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 6 1.0 0

1 5 6 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

-

96

3 9 .0

1 6 2.0 0

1 5 0.0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

-

2b

3 9 .0

1 7 3.5 0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 5 7.5 0

1 4 4.0 0

3 8 .0

1 5 4.0 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

33

2

7

14

6

5

11

10

16

5

3

12

~

11
-

8

-

12
-»

4
i

1

1

5

2

2

2

12

-

-

~

12

11

3

10

9

11

3

6

i

1

9

26

13

5

5

7

6

5

5

3

-

6
-

1

3

4

-

6

■*

6

_

-

5

8

5

5
3

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

38

8

-

3 9 .0

31
70

66

->

4
-

-

2

-

2

-

-

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

6

“

“

-

~

1

6

-

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

“

6

“

“

**

“

“

_

1

“

“

-

5

8

4

5

8

5

27

3 7 .5

1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

-

-

5

8

4

T R A N S C R IB IN G -H A C H IN E T Y P IS T S ------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

28

3 8 .0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

-

-

5

8

8

2

1

2

-

26

3 8 .0

1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 3.5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

5

8

8

2

1

“

~

T Y P IS T S ---------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

145

3 7 .0

1 1 9.5 0

1 1 3.0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

144

3 7 .0

1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

T Y P IS T S . C LASS B ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

134

3 7 .0

1 1 8.0 0

1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

133

3 7 .0

1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

75

3 7 .0

1 0 7.0 0

1 0 0 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

73

3 7 .0

1 0 6.5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

56

3 7 .0

1 0 2.5 0

9 6 .0 0

31

3 8 .0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

SUITCHBOARO OPERATORS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------SUITCHBOARO O PER A TO R-R EC EPTIO N IS T S MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS — ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

29

3 8 .5

1 4 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

34

26

18

17

-

-

-

34

33

26

18

17

~

~

-

-

-

12

33

33

25

16

12

33

32

25

16

12

36

6

12

5

6

10

14
14

5

2
2

-

i

8

n
n

-

-

-

3

4

“

“

”

1

4

-

5

7

4
6

1

2

-

-

3

-

-

3

“

”

-

-

-

-

”

”

-

-

”

3

-

-

-

3

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

4

-

2

~

“

i

-

-

-

6

3

3

5

9

3

3

-

2

7

9

2

7

9

-

4

2

10
2

7

3

2

-

1

8

13

5

2

6

1

1

46

50

38

50

3 3

-

~

-

-

-

-

_

_

3

2

1 4 2.0 0

1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

18

3 9 .5

1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 9.0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

44

3 9 .5

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

4
10

3 9 .0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

8

63

4 0 .0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

-

-

440

3 9 .0

1 8 2.5 0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

8

10

2 4 6 .0 0

2 3 5 .5 0

2 2 3 .0 0 -2 8 0 .0 0

-■
20

3
8

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

6

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

i

-

3

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

->

2

3

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

36

27

12

7

9

36

38

1

3

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

2

24

t4 5

2

24

44

“

1

7

21

4

6

9

2

2

6

7

10

7

5

2

1

7

17

40

41

36

48

27

29

17

5

2

7

35

38

1

1

2

7

6

2

7

33

38

6 at $280 to $290; and 2 at $290 to $300.
2 at $280 to $290; 4 at $290 to $300; and 2 at $300 to $310.
22 at $280 to $290; 20 at $290 to $300; 2 at $300 to $310; and 1 at $340 to $350.

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

-

4

-

-

6

40. 0

*
Workers were distributed as follows:
** Workers were distributed as follows:
t
Workers were distributed as follows:

-

-

4
-

-

-

9

3 9 .5

3 9 .0

-

4

“

-

~

32

34

169

-

“

-

-

_

■
a

-

62

503

1

-

-

-

“

-

1

~

1

*

~

-

“

“

36

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

43

34

12

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

12
12

6

-

-

1

-

32

-

-

_

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

_

5

-

9 6 .0 0

-

-

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

1 0 3.0 0

-

-

1

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

3 7 .0

-

-

5

1 2 4.5 0

58

-

2

3
4

1 2 7 .0 0

F IL E C L E R K S . CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2

2

8
_

2

1 3 3.5 0

-

2
-

4

3
-

“
-

1
4

1 5 5 .5 0

-

* 8

8

1

3 8 .0

F IL E CLERKS -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

12
~

25

3 7 .5

-

12

2
-

32

-

8
“»

2
-

STENOG RAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

5
3

3

2

3

2

-

24

45

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Portland, Maine, December 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-

*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

90

Median2

Middle range2

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

and
under
90

*

230

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

23

19

22

14

200

210

220

230

*

240

-

240

*

250

-

250

*

260

260

*

270

-

280

and

270

280

over

-

*25

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS - CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS A MANUFACTURING — ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------ACCOUNTING C LER K S. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------

$

$

177

3 9 .0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -

2 3 5 .5 0

4

2

3

1 9 0 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0 -

2 0 4 .0 0

6
-

7

4 0 .0

6
1

6

20

1

1

2

2

1

3

2 0 2 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -

2 3 5 .5 0

5

6

5

22

17

20

13

4

2
-

38
-

3 9 .0

4
-

1

157

2

38

65

3 8 .5

2 5 5 .0 0

2 3 5.5 0

2 3 5 .5 0 -

2 9 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

38

326

40

44

32

27

14

3

8

10

3 9 .0

1 6 9.5 0

1 5 1 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -

2 1 4 .5 0

43

4 0 .0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -

1 8 3.5 0

283

3 9 .0

1 7 1 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

104

3 9 .0

2 4 0 .5 0

2 2 3.0 0

2 2 3 .0 0 -

22

3 9 .0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

5

12

3 8 .5

1 4 6.5 0

1 3 3.0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

5

12

31

3 9 .0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -

1 6 8 .0 0

4

7

2

4

8

B IL L IN G -M A C H IN E B IL L E R S

31

3 9 .0

1 3 9.0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -

1 6 8.0 0

4

7

2

4

8

60

3 9 .0

1 7 0 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -

1 9 2.5 0

29

3 9 .5

1 4 3.0 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0 -

1 6 0 .0 0

31

3 8 .5

1 9 6.0 0

1 7 1 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0 -

2 8 4 .5 0

240

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 5.5 0
1 5 0.0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

1

3 8 .5

1 4 5.0 0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -

1 5 4 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 6 6.5 0

1 5 4 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -

1 9 3.0 0

21

40. 0

1 6 1.5 0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -

1 7 0 .0 0

93

3 8 .5

1 6 8.0 0

1 5 4 .0 0

126

3 9 .0

1 2 6 . 5U

17

4 0 .0

109

3 8 .5

-»
-»

25

-»

24

1

MACHINE B IL L E R S ---------------------

1
1
-

1

20

1
1
-

BOOKKEEPING -M ACHINE OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

PAYROLL CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING —
NONNANUFACTURING

38

202

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING *
**
t
See

114

Workers were distributed as follows:
Workers were at $280 to $290.
Workers were distributed as follows:
foo tn o tes

at end

2 7 7 .0 0

1
1

-

13

5

24

20

1

1

4

5

9

4

1

33
-

2

9

7
-

2

5
35
-

35
1

31

26

10

9

4

1

2

7

33

2

2

24

1

-

1

7

4

-

2

7

33

2

2

24

20
**20

2

1

tio

1

2
~

-

1

1

7
7

-

7

13
6

20

44

9

20

38

4
-

4
-

10
-

11
1

1 2 2 .5 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

4

4

10

1 2 9 .5 0

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

17

6

1 3 6.0 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -

1 4 4.0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -

1 3 6.5 0

17

10

4

7
3

2
1

5
5

4

2

4

3

2

3

1
1

1

3

2

11

1

3
7

1

6
1

1

6

7

1

3

4

-

6

1

6

1

*

_

10
14

26

10

8
2

10

23

4

10

6

6

33

32

14

9

5

1

10
-

5

2

6

2

1

5

10

28

30

8

7

4

32

6

2 at $280 to $290; 20 at $290 to $300; 2 at $300 to $310; and 1 at $340 to $350.
6 at $280 to $290; 2 at $290 to $300; and 2 at $300 to $310.

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

14
I

10

-*

-

10

1
-

-

-

10

1

-

2

14

-

-

10

1

-

2

14

-

2

14

“

“*

~

~

*

-

-

3

19

4
36

6

-

“

24

1

3

1

2

3

-

40

of ta b les.




14

4
17
-

21

-

-

10

_

~

1

“

“

“

”

:

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Portland, Maine, December 1977
^^^Weekl^Tarning^^^™
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woiken

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

s
150

Mean2

Middle range 2

Median2

U nder

S
150

and
under
160

s

160

s
170

-

-

»

-

s

190

200

-

180

190

5

1

-

5

1

_

_

-

*

s

210

220

-

s

-

*

230

-

"

*

*

250

-

290

*

290
_

_

*

260

,

*

270

_

260

250

_

270

280

200

210

220

230

1

2

1

2

3

3

6

2

7

2

6

4

6

3

3

3

5

2

7

2

5

4

5

_

_

_

1

1

2

i

~

1

1

1

i

"

ALL

170

s
180

_

*

_

*

*

290

280

300

_

_

*
310
_

320

a n (j

290

300

310

320

330

1

4

4

4

1

14

1

3

7

3

“

14

1

3

7

"

2

2

_

_

1

3

1

2

1

3

U0RKERS

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) -------------------------------------------------

$

$

$

98

3 8 .5

3 4 6 .5 0

3 4 0 .0 0

3 1 7 .0 0 -3 7 4 .5 0

$

75

3 8 .0

2 6 4 .5 0

2 6 2 .0 0

2 1 9 .5 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

70

3 8 .0

2 6 6 .5 0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 2 5 .0 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

C OMP UT E R PR OGRA MME RS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------C O MP UT E R P ROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ---------------- * -------------------------------N 0 N N A NU F AC T U R I N 6 -------------------------------C OMP UT E R P ROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

20

3 8 .5

3 1 7 .5 0

3 2 0 .0 0

3 8 .5

3 2 3 .5 0

3 2 4 .0 0

1
'

_

2 7 2 .5 0 -3 7 4 .5 0

_

~

2 6 9 .0 0 -3 7 4 .5 0

18

“

•*
"

C OMP UT ER P RO GR A MM ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

”

37

3 8 .0

2 7 0 .5 0

2 7 8 .5 0

2 4 1 .5 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

_

_

35

3 8 .0

2 7 2 .0 0

2 7 8 .5 0

2 4 5 .5 0 -3 0 9 .0 0

“

_
~

”

_

_

3 8 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

1 9 5.5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 2 6 .5 0

_

1

5

3 8 .5

1 9 6 .0 0

1 9 6.0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 3 0 .5 0

-

-

5

1

71

-»

_

i

5

2

1

1

4

3

4

1

1

14

_

_

_

i

4

2

1

1

4

3

4

1

“

14

“

*

“

3

1

17

*21

7

~

_

"

18

8

2

1

3

2

1

2
-

3
-

-

_

5

■
4

-

5

-*
_

_

_

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0

1 8 2 .5 0
1 8 4.0 0

1 5 4 .0 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

1 15
1

10

6
-

3
2

5
1

5
1

1
*

4

1

3

5

6
4

3
-

--------------------------------

55

3 8 .5

1 9 4 .0 0

1 8 2.5 0

1 4 8 .5 0 -2 3 4 .0 0

14

5

6

1

4

4

1

3

1

3

2

3

2

C OMP UT E R O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S B ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

95

3 9 .0

1 8 2.5 0

3
1

4
4

4
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

2

8

4
4

3

1 8 2.5 0

6
3

4

3 8 .5

1 5 8 .0 0 -2 3 2 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0

8

35

1 9 5.5 0
1 9 4 .5 0

3

-

-

-

-

2

-

2
2

C OMP UT E R

C ----------

18

3 9 .5

1 7 2 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0

7

4

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ™ » --------------------------------

102

4 1 .5

2 3 2 .0 0

2 4 0.0 0

1 9 1 .5 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

2

1

2

12

5

9

1

-

13

10

13

10

7

1

_

_

90

4 1 .5

2 3 7 .0 0

2 4 2 .0 0

1 9 4 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0

2

10

4

8

5
4

~

“

13

7

13

10

7

1

11

D R A F T E R S * C L A S S A -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — -*--------------------------------

43

4 1 .5

2 6 5 .5 0

2 6 8 .5 0

2 5 9 .5 0 -2 8 7 .0 0

-

-

-

_

1

1

1

1

-

-

2

8

7

1

38

4 1 .5

2 7 3 .0 0

2 7 0 .5 0

2 6 4 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

“

“

“

■*

“

“

~

i

8

10
10

11
11

D R A F T E R S * C L A S S B -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ---------------------------------

38

4 1 .5

2 1 6 .0 0

2 3 3.0 0

1 9 1 .5 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

2

1

2

4

4

-

-

13

8

31

4 2 .0

2 2 4 .0 0

2 3 3.0 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

4

4

13

6

_

-

2
2

C OMP UT ER O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

OPERATORS*

CLASS

16

2

2

at

$ 360

to $ 370;

5 at

$370

to $ 380;

* * W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s : 4 a t $ 370 to $ 3 80 ; 1 a t $ 380 to $ 3 90 ; 1 a t $ 390 to $ 4 0 0 ; and 1 a t $ 4 1 0 to $ 4 20 .
t W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s : 1 a t $ 110 to $ 120; 8 a t $ 120 to $ 130; 3 a t $ 130 to $ 140; and 3 at $ 140 to $ 150.
See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




5

1 at

i

$ 380

to $ 390;

3 at

$410

to $ 4 2 0 ;

2

-

1

-

7

1

at

1

1

$420

-

11

to $ 4 3 0

3

2

2

_

-

_

-

-

; and

4

_

-

-

_

_

-

at

$450

to

$ 460.

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Portland, Maine, December 1977

O F FIC E
MESSENGERS

O C C U PATIO N S

-

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occu p a tio n ,

O F FIC E

20
18

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

38 .5
38.5

$
16 0. 0 0
163.5 0

O C C U PATIO N S

91

40.0

-

A

91

--------------------

30

40.5
40.5

24 2 . 0 0
24 4. 0 0

F IL E

CLERKS

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

CLASS

CLERKS?

74
72

37.0
3 7 .0

SW ITCH BO ARD

57
55

OPERATORS
—

37.0
37.0

1 0 3. 00
1 0 2 .5 0

41
32

C
------

NONM ANUFACTURING

O C CU PATIO NS

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS

O C CU PATIO NS

-

WOMEN

SW ITC H B O A RD

O P E R A TO R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S — -------------------------------------

HAN U FACTU R ING

-

-

C O NTINU E D

3 9 .5
39.5

1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 2. 50

62
18
44

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.5

1 3 3. 50
1 4 1. 00
1 3 0 .5 0

39.0
40.0
38.5

169 .00
1 6 5. 50
1 6 9. 50

C L A S S B -------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------

OPERATORS?

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

NONM ANUFACTURING

P R O F E S S IO N A L

AND

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

126
17
109

3 9. 0 * 2 6 . 5 0
4 0 .0 136.00
3 8. 5 125 .00

T E C H N IC A L

O C CU PATIO NS
O FFIC E

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

1 0 6. 50

412
58
3 54

CLASS

Weekly

W O ME N — C O N T I N U E D

------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

KEYPUNCH
F IL E

CLERKS?

S ex, 3 oc c u p a tio n ,

O F FIC E

23 2. 5 0

CLERKS

ACCOU NTING

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

W O ME N — C O N T I N U E D

NONMANUFACTURING
ACCO U NTING

Weekly
(standard)

HEN

-------------------

and in d u s try d iv is io n

O

Weekly
(standard)

O
O'

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

U
i

S ex, 3 oc c u p a tio n ,

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

(mean^)
Number
of
workers

-

MEN

ANALYSTS

M ANUFACTURING

----------

NONHANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

—

U T IL IT IE S

3 04
70
234
33

39.0
39.5
38 .5
39.0

17 6. 0 0
18 7.5 0
173.0 0
22 5 . 0 0

ACCOU NTING

CLERKS

M ANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------

-—

NONM ANUFACTURING

37

3 8.5

3 55 .00

45
42

3 8. 5
3 8. 5

2 66 .5 0
2 66 .0 0

------------------ •-------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U . R I N G --------------------------------

25
24

3 8. 0
3 8 .0

2 73 .0 0
2 72 .5 0

-----------------------------------------------------------------

46
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2 12 .0 0
2 13 .0 0

C L A S S B -----------------------------------------

31
24

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 07 .5 0
2 07 .5 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

90
90

4 1.5
4 1 .5

2 34 .5 0
2 37 .00

D R A F T E R S ? C L A S S A -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------<-------------------------------------

42
38

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

2 66 .50
2 73 .0 0

DRAFTERS?

NONM ANUFACTURING
S E C R E T A R I E S --------------- — •

35
31

4 2 .0
4 2 .0

2 21 .5 0
2 24 .0 0

30
28

3 8.0
3 8 .0

2 61 .5 0
2 67 .5 0

25
19

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 62 .00
1 57 .50

(B U S IN E S S )
COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

20

CLASS

39.0

19 9. 0 0

ACCOU NTING

CLERKS?

M ANUFACTURING
S E C R E TA R IE S ?

B

77
72

38 .5
38.0

19 5.0 0
1 9 5. 0 0

C

101
31
70

39.0
40.0
38.5

17 3.0 0
20 0 . 0 0
1 6 1. 0 0

M ANUFACTURING

94
26
68

39.0
39.0
39.0

162.50
17 5.5 0
15 7 . 5 0

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

38
33

38.0
38.0

1 5 4. 0 0
1 5 5. 5 0

32
27

37.5
37.5

133.5 0
13 1.5 0

28
26

38.0
38.0

14 2.0 0
140.5 0

CLASS

NONM ANUFACTURING

—

NONM ANUFACTURING

CLASS

M AN U FACTU RING

------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
S E C R E TA R IE S ?

—

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING

0

------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

—

-----------

NONM ANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS?

GENERAL

N O NM ANUFACTURING

----------

P U B L IC

N O NM ANUFACTURING

T YP IS T S
--------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
B IL L E R S

145
144

---------------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING

37.0
37.0

11 9.5 0
11 9.5 0

CLASS

B

-

NONM ANUFACTURING

134
133

37.0
37.0

11 8.0 0
11 8.0 0

See

foo tn o tes

OPERATORS
-----------------------

B IL L E R S

------------------------------

OPERATORS

-----------------------

—

NONM ANUFACTURING

------------------------?---------------------------------------------

276
41
235
72

39.0
40.0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 7. 50
1 5 9. 50
2 2 5 .0 0

20
18

3 8 .5
38.5

1 3 7. 50
1 3 1 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 3 9 .0 0

39.0

51
28
23

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
38.0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0
1 6 2. 50

240
38
202

3 8 .5
40.0
3 8 .5

1 4 5. 50
1 5 0. 00
1 4 5. 00

OPERATORS?

M ANUFACTURING

CLASS

A

------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

-----------------------

6

------

(B U S IN E S S )?

1 3 9 .0 0

CLASS

B

OPERATORS

NO NM ANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

OPERATORS?

NONM ANUFACTURING

CLASS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

B

114
21
93

38.5
40.0
38.5

166 .50
1 6 1. 50
168 .00

------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

AND

O C C U PA TIO N S
COMPUTER

COMPUTER

OPERATORS

NO NM ANUFACTURING

T E C H N IC A L
-

PROGRAMMERS

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

at end o f ta b les.




1 8 8. 50
1 8 4. 50
1 8 9 .0 0

PROGRAMMERS

PR O F E S S IO N A L
KEYPUNCH

KEYPUNCH
T Y P IS T S ?

----------------

------ ----------------

B IL L IN G -M A G H IN E

M ANU FA CTU R ING

6

---------------------

U T IL IT IE S

M ANUFACTURING
TYP IS T S

3 8 .5
40.0
38.5

31

CLASS

----------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

136
17
119

31

---------------------

CLERKS?

NONMANUFACTURING

M A C H IN E
STENOGRAPHERS

A

COMPUTER
ACCOU NTING

S E C R E TA R IE S ?

CLASS

----------------------------

(B U S IN E S S )

--------------------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

SE C R E TA R IE S?

------------------ .--------------------------------

WOMEN
(B U S IN E S S )

------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Portland, Maine, December 1977

$

M AINTE NA NC E

M AINTE NA NC E

-----------------------------------------------

M A C H IN IS T S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-----------------------------

-------------------------------------------

M ECHANICS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

(M A C H IN E R Y )

-

-------------------------------------------

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH AN ICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ----------------------------------------M AN U FACTU RING

—

N ONM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC
M AINTENANC E
TOOL

AND

D IE

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S
TRAOES
MAKERS

M ANUFACTURING

o*
o

o
o
°
1

$

5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

s

5 .6 0

S
S
S
%
$
6. 20 6.4 0 6. 60 6.8 0 7 .0 0

i

7.4 0

1
7.8 0

6. 40 6.6 0

7.8 0

8.2 0

«o
o

80 7.0 0 7 .4 0

WORKERS

E L E C T R IC IA N S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

o
o
in

ALL
M AINTE NA NC E

S
5.8 0 6 .0 0

S
5 .4 0

I

Middle range 2

1

Me di an2

&

Mean2

o
O
* i

Occupation and industry d ivision

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings of—
s
*
*
s
*
$
$
$
5 .0 0 5.2 0
4.7 0
4 .1 0 4.20 4 .3 0 4 .4 0 4.5 0
Unde
and
_
S
under
4*10
4.8 0
5 .2 0 5.4 0
4 .2 0 4.3 0 4 .4 0 4 .5 0 4 .6 0
& **

*

-J
o

Hourly earnings
Number
of

-------------------------------

HELPERS

-------------------

------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

$

$

39
27

5 .9 2
5 .5 9

5.2 7
5.2 7

5 .1 2 5 .1 2 -

$
6.8 5
5 .5 0

37
37

5 .2 3
5 .2 3

5.1 0
5 . 10

4 .8 5 4 .8 5 -

5.1 0
5.1 0

58
50

5 .1 6
5 .1 1

4.8 2
4.8 2

4 .5 0 - 5.9 1
4 .2 5 - 5.9 1

88
27
61
97

6 .3 9
5 .9 9
6 .5 6
6 .9 1

6 .8 0
6 . 40
7. 38
7 .8 0

5 .0 6 4 .8 7 5 .0 8 5 .0 8 -

7.8 0
6.9 8
7.8 0
7.9 2

17

4 .6 6

4.8 9

4 .2 5 -

5.1 0

*4

5 .3 3 - 5.9 0
5 .3 3 - 5 .9 0

-

37
37

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

5.3 9
5.3 9

-

~

_

-

4
4

2

2

4

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

4

2
2

“

-

1
1
-f

1

-

-

* W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s : 1 at $ 3 to $ 3 .1 0 ; and 3 at $ 3 .70 to $ 3 .8 0 .
See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1

■*

1
-

-

-•

3
3

“

-

-

~

-

2
2

-

~

1
-■

7

9
2
7
7

1
1

i

4
4

2
2

13
12

3
3

-

-

9
8

11
11

17
17

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

9

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

”

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

1
1

7

-

4
4

-

1

-

1

~

1
-

15
10

11
11

-

-

”

“

-

4
4

2
2

-

-

1

-

1

-

3
3

“

-*

~

“

“

-

-

9
9

-

-

4

-

-

1
“

-

-

-

-

~

~

25
25

-

“

~

“

7

8
5
3
2

2

28

3
4
“

4

-r

"

-*

4
-

9
8

-

-

”

~

1
1

1
1

-

2
2

28
28

1
2
2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Portland, Maine, December 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber

of w orkers

2 .5 0

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean2

Median*

Middle range 2

5 .0 7

364

6 .3 9

6 . 46

4 .2 9 -

8 .4 7

207

7 .0 1

8 .47

4 .4 0 -

8 .5 7

33

3 .8 2

4 .2 3

2 .8 5 -

4 .2 3

-

4

2

1

2

1

37

4 .4 1

4 .3 8

3 .7 5 -

5 .0 7

-

-

-

-

-

2

23

4 .6 6

5 .0 0

4 .3 8 -

5 .07

~

“

“

~

”

2

366

6 . 36

6 .2 1

4 .4 0 -

8 .4 7

_

_

_

_

_

-------------------------

75

5 .5 6

4 .8 1

4 .8 1 -

7 .5 5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

1

-

-

1

—

U T IL IT IE S

(T R A IL E R )

TRUCK

HEAVY

m a n u f a c t u r in g

TRUCK

291

--------

M ANUFACTURING

—

NONM ANUFACTURING
CLERKS

AND

4 .6 3 3 .4 5 -

4 .3 9

4 .0 8

3 .6 3 -

4 .6 8

4 .0 0

3.63 -a

3 .5 2

3 .6 0

2 .45 -.

4 .2 3

4 .4 3

3 .8 3 -

5 .0 5

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

*. 4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 . 40

5 .60

6 . 00

6 .40

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

over

*154

5

31

73

11

2

2

31

11

10

5

29

42

-*

-

-

"

-

-

-

28

41

-

1

-

1

-

16

2

-

-

1

1

6

4

1

5

4

-

-

1

~

~

~

”

4

4

~

7

_

4

12

-

-

12

-

5 .0 0

1

31

15

6
4

49
~

1

1

18

5
-

46
-

2

14

18
-

5

30

2

46

2

49

1

-

1

1

-

"

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

5

-

-

1

_

-

5

~

~

~

”

6

48
-

130

6

_

28

47

4

.

-

2

-

2

7

4

-

4

12

4

+

-

“

-•

“

-

26

40

26

40

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

6

i

3

1

3

4

2

7

2

2

_

_

3

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

i

“

4

1

6

1

3

1

3

3

1

9

2

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

t 12
"

-

i

4

5

9

1

4

“

i

3

5

9

1

3

30

4

30
-

4
-

1
-

-

4

46
-

1

-

2

46

.
1

1

22
132'
132

22

48

108

-

108

_

2

3

2

2

-

-

3

1

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

_

3

_

-

*

-

2

-

3

-

4
**4

4

_

4

-

-

4

-

-

-

2

1

2

4

3

1

4

_

-

4

_

1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

-

3

1

4

-

-

4

-

1

-

-

*

-

1

6

-

1

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

■*

_

6

“

3 .7 5

2* 9 0 -

4 .4 5

-

6

-

2

2

2

3 .7 5

2 .7 5 -

4 .2 0

“

6

-

2

“

2

-

4

6

4

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5 .6 5

2 .8 8 -

5 .6 5

t t 58

4 .5 0

5 .6 5

2 .8 8 -

5 .65

58

24

_

3 .6 9

3 .6 5

3 .4 5 -

4 .2 2

9

4 .0 6

4 . 22

3 .6 5 -

4 .2 9

-

3 .1 8

3 .4 3

2 .5 0 -

3 .5 5

“

6

-

20

3

14

6

6

4

-

i

-

12

-

-

7

_

153

-

6

4 .6 3

-

16

1

11

6

4

1

-

“

-

12

-

-

7

-

111

-

-

24

-

-

-

-

4

1

12

9

7

1

6

4
4

_
-

1

8
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

30

_
-

14 4
-

8

i

I

1

3

i

1

11

9

1

12

1

12

1

1

1

1

-

5

8

8

5

7

1

8

9

1

6

8

-*

-

-

_
-

4

2

4
4

18

1

16
10

2

2

6
-

13

-

-

6

i

-

3

2

6

6

1

6

4

1

2

~

5

7

-

8

-

18

24

3

1

-

44

-

-

3

3

T

9

16

6

20

18

5

7

8

13

1

12

-

1

1

-

-

5

7

8

-

-

-

_
-

3

3

“•

-

8

5 . 15

3 .6 0 -

5 .8 6

3 .7 5

3 .5 0 -

4 .2 8

5 .7 0

4 .5 1 -

8 .47

1

--

127

4 .6 5

4 .5 0

3 .3 8 -

5 .4 2

--------

80

4 .4 4

4 .3 8

3 .9 5 -

4 .6 8

4
-

47

4 .9 9

5 .6 5

3 . 6 3~*

6 .5 7

4

36

4 .5 7

5 . 18

3 .4 5 -

5 .4 2

-

-

-

-

15

3 .7 9

3 .4 5

3 .3 0 -

4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3 .4 4 -

5 .59

1

1

31

1

-

3 .8 0

14

5 .8 7

N O NM ANUFACTURING

3 .6 0

13

3 .9 9

OPERATORS

3 .40

5
1

3 .6 6

5 .3 3

7 .2 0

4

58

----------------

6 .8 0

3

3 .5 8

200

LABORERS

6 .4 0

1

35

-----------------------

6 .0 0

4

142

H A N D L IN G

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

5 .6 0

2

4 .7 2

4 .3 9

? ------- 1 ------- T --------~t-------- $

5 .4 0

2
-

4 .8 1

4 .4 0

*

5 .2 0

1

5 .45

3 .9 9

$

5 .0 0

1
-

26

------

-

3

8

8

6

15

5

18

16

-

i
-

3

1

1

2

2

1

i

-

-

-

13

1

-

12

-

-

-

4

1

-

-

2

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

'

WATCHMEN:

M ANUFACTURING

-

3

:

M ANU FA CTU R ING
PORTERS.

M AN U FA CTU R ING
PU B L IC

AND

------

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

Workers
Workers
Workers
Workers
Workers
Workers

CLEANERS

-------------------------------------------

NO NH AN U FACTU R ING

*
**
t
tt
4
44

5 .0 6

$

2

61

NO NM ANUFACTURING

JA N IT O R S .

5 .0 0
4 .3 5

4 .8 0

2

314

—

M ANUFACTURING

w a t c h m e n

5 .1 0

*

4 .6 0

4

257

------------------

------

AND

3 .5 0 -

%

4 .4 0

4
-

33

PACKERS

GUARDS

4 .4 7

$

4 .2 0

-

26

N O NM ANUFACTURING

M ANUFACTURING

4 .5 7

.0 0

-

8 .4 7

18

--------

M ANUFACTURING

4 .2 9 -

38

CLERKS

-------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING
F IL L E R S

8 .47

46

R E C E IV IN G

WAREHOUSEMEN

6 .9 0

41

-----

N O NM ANUFACTURING

M AN U FA CTU R ING

8 .4 7

16

-------------

4 .4 0 -.

46

U T IL IT IE S

7 .08

174

------------------

6 .5 7

30

NO NM ANUFACTURING

CLERKS

TRUCK

----------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

F O R K LIFT

3 . 20

4 .2 4 -

TR U CK D R IV ER S .

M ATE RIAL

3 .00

$
4 .29 -.

M ED IU M

S H IP P IN G

2 .8 0

4 .8 1

LIG H T

OR D ER

2 .7 0

$
6 .2 1

$
8 .4 7

$

*

under

5 .1 1

TR U CK D R IV ER S .

S H IP P IN G

3 .8 0

126

—

TR U CK D R IV ER S .

R E C E IV IN G

*

3 .6 0

4 90

---------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING

S H IP P IN G

s

3 .00

3 .40

$
6 .0 6

M ANUFACTURING

P U B L IC

2 .8 0

S

3 .20

--------------- -------------------

TRU C K D R IV ER S

P U B L IC

2 .7 0

s

*

2 .6 0
WORKERS

2 .60

h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ---

s tra ig h t-tim e

S

$

Under
2 .50

ALL

rec e iv in g

s

*

*

were
were
were
were
were
were

-------------------------------

4 . 26

4 .2 8

t t 20

2

127

4 .4 1

4 .2 8

3 .6 8 -

4 .8 5

-

-

1

123

4 .1 0

3 .5 4

2 .85-1

5 .7 9

20

2

-

44

5 .7 7

5 .7 9

5 .7 9 -

6 .2 2

“

“

250

distributed as follows:
at $7.20 to $7.60.
distributed as follows:
at $2.30 to $2.40.
at $8.40 to $8.80.
distributed as follows:

4

6

2

-

4

1

■
4

-

2

-

-

-

-

4

29

26

4

6

15

3

25

11

3

-

24

29

-

1

13

22

3

5

15

1

25

11

5

16

4

1

1

-

3

-

20

3

4

24

14

■
*

4

~

“

-

-

-

-

24

14

27

”

“

24 at $7.20 to $7.60; and 130 at $8.40 to $8.80.
4 at $2.30 to $2.40; and 8 at $2.40 to $2.50.
19 at $2.30 to $2.40; and 1 at $2.40 to $2.50.

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

8

-

2

”

“

14

»

2

-

2

-

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

M AIN TEN A N C E. TOOLROOM > AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

A verage
(m e an 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

M AINTENANCE E L E C T R IC IA N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

39
27

$
5 .9 2
5 .5 4

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN ISTS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

37
37

5 .2 3
5 .2 3

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

27
15

3 .7 9

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN ER Y) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

58
50

5 . 16
5 .1 1

W AREHOUSEM EN ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

32
26

3 .6 5
3 .5 8

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S ------------------------------

88
27
61
47

256

5 .1 2

25
15

3 .5 2
3 .0 1

MAINTENANCE TRADES H ELPERS ------------------

17

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING — -----------------------------------

37
37

ORDER F I L L E R S ----------- -------------------------------------6 .3 9
5 .9 9 S H IP P IN G PACKERS ------------------------------------------6 .5 6
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------6 .9 1
M ATER IA L HANDLING LABORERS ------------------4 .6 6
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------5 .6 0
5 .6 0 F O R K L IF T OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

198
58
140

5 .3 5
3 .9 9
5 .9 2

127
80
47

4 .6 5
4 .4 4
4 .9 9

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

165
36

3 . 25
4 .5 7

M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTO DIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRU C K D RIVERS ------------- --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------

490
126
364
207

TR U C K O R IVER S. L IG H T TRUCK

33

T R U C K D R IVER S. MEDIUM TRUCK
M A N U FA C TU R IN G --------------------------

37
23

TR U C K O R IVER S. HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A IL E R ) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------

366
75
291
174

S H IP P IN G CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

37
16
21

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

r e c e iv in g

------------------------------------

41
36

$
4 .5 1
4 .5 4

c lerks —
NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------

6 . 06 w a t c h m e n :
5 .1 1
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------6 . 39
7 .0 1 JA N IT O R S . PO R TER S. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING — ------------------------------------3 .8 2
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------4 .4 1
4 .6 6
M A TER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTO DIAL
6 . 36
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
5 .5 6
6 . 57
6 .9 0 S H IP P IN G PACKERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------4 .7 3
5 . 00 JA N IT O R S . PO R TER S. AND CLEANERS -----4 .5 3
MANUFACTURING — ------------------------------------

oo




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in Portland, Maine, December 1977

15

3 .7 9

197
110
87
26

4 .2 2
4 .4 4
3 .9 4
5 .5 5

36
25

3 .8 0
3 .9 8

53
17

4 .4 0
4 .2 4

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Portland, Maine, for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

N o v e m b e r 1972 N o v e m b e r 1973 N o v e m b e r 1974
to
to
to
N o v e m b e r 1973 N o v e m b e r 1974 N o v e m b e r 1975

N o v e m b e r 1975 to
D e c e m b e r 1976
13-m o n th
A n n u a l ra te
in c re a s e
o f in c re a s e

D e c e m b e r 197o
to
D e c e m b e r 1977

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l.
— __ _
_ .
____
E le c tr o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s _ . . . ______ . ____ . . . _
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s _______________
__ ___
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _________________________________

5 .8
(?)
(6 )
8.5
7.9

8.5
(? )
(6 )
7.6
9 .6

7.6
(? )
(6 )
9 .0

11.2

7.6
(? )
(6 )
9 .0
5 .7

7.0
(? )
(6 )
8.3
5.3

9 .0
(? )
(6 )
7.4
8 .7

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l— — - ___ __________ — — —
—
E le c tr o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g —— ________ ____ ____ _____
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s -------------------------------------------------- -------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ______________ ____________ __
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s __________________ . ____

(?)
(? )
(6 )
7.9
7.7

(? )
(?)
(6 )
5 .7
6.9

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
8.4
9 .8

<?}
(?)
(6 )
7.5
6.3

(?)
(?)
(6 )
6 .9
5.8

(? )
(? )
(6 )
7.2
8.4

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l____________________ —__________________ ____
E le c tr o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g __ _____ ___
~ _
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _________________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s _
_ ____
___ —

5.6
(?)
(‘ )
7 .7

8.5
(? )
(6 )
11.4

7 .7
(? )
(6 )
12.5

7.4
(? )
(6 )
5 .0

6.8

9 .1
(?)
(6 )
9 .0

(? )
4 .6
n

Footnotes
1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e fle c t th e w o rk w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ), and th e e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d fo r e ac h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by
th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o rk e r s re c e iv e th e sa m e o r
m o re and h a lf r e c e iv e th e s a m e o r le s s th a n th e ra te sh o w n . T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
ra te s o f p a y; a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a rn th e sa m e o r le s s th a n th e lo w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a
fo u rth e a rn th e s a m e o r m o re th a n th e h ig h e r r a te .




10

3 E a rn in g s d a ta r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e se x id e n tific a tio n w a s p r o v i d e d by th e
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s fo r p e rio d s e nd in g p r io r to 1976 r e la te to m e n o n ly fo r s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s . A ll o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te to m e n and w o m e n .
6 D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia o r d a ta n o t a v a ila b le .

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e obtained b y p e rs o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In each o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and oc c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is
c o lle c te d b y a com b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m en ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rv e y .

U n les s o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the job
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s trie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data fo r s om e o f the
occu p atio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
scop e o f the s u rv e y , a r e not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b les b eca u se
e ith e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p atio n is too s m a ll' to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e not
p re s e n te d when the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e rc e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m en id e n tifie d in an occu p ation . E a rn in g s data
n ot shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s a re in clu d ed in data f o r a ll
in d u s trie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r occu p ation s w ith m o r e than one le v e l,
data a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

In each o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u rv e y e d , data a r e ob tain ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g ; tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g rou p s e xclu d ed f r o m th ese stu dies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the occu p atio n s studied. S e p a ra te tab u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown fo r fu ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a rn in g s
data exclu d e p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N on p rod u ctio n bonuses a r e exc lu d e d , but c o s t - o f- liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e bonuses a r e in clu d ed .
W e e k ly hours fo r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p ation s r e f e r to the stan dard
w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r
an d/or p re m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th es e occu p ation s a re
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t ic a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s om e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a change in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re conducted on a sa m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
scop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W hen data a r e c o m b in ed , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that un biased e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t it s e l f plus th re e o th e rs . A n a lte r n a te
o f the sam e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e , c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
su itab le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a sa m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e s e s u rv e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r tic u la r tim e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l occu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch an ges. Th e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l job s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y chan ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p ro p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e fir m s m a y chan ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d van ce to b e tte r job s and be r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C han ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s, shown in tab le
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w a g e tre n d s than a r e ea rn in g s changes fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s.

O ccu p ation s and e a rn in g s
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e com m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m ain ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b ased on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c ount o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ith in the sam e job .
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in ap p en d ix B.

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s .

In d u s trie s

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r in p a y l e v e l and job s ta ffin g , and thus c on trib u te
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
Syracuse, N .Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.
a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .




11

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d occup ations should
no t be a s s u m ed to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s with in ind ivid ual
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s wh ic h m a y contrib ute to d i f f e r e n c e s include p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w it h in e s ta b l i s h e d r ate r a n g e s (o n ly the r a te s paid incum bents a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w it h in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than those used in ind ivid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s p e c i f i c duties
p erform ed .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k i l l e d m ain te n an c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
an a lys ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

C arpenters
E lectrician s
Pain ters
M a c h in is t s
M ech anics (m ach in ery)
M ech anics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s

O c c u p ation al e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
li s h m e n ts with in the scop e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B ec a u se o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s of
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t obtained f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic ate the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jobs studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of
the e a r n in g s data.

In d u s tr i a l n u rs e s

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr i a l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l ha ndlin g l a b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p atio n al groups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b as e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g the
tr e n d job s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m atc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e adjuste d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts and t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts included
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s ta b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c u p atio n when w o r k e r s a r e paid un der plans
p r o v i d i n g a range o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u al j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b ottom o f the ran ge,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a change in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c han ges r e l a t e to w a g e changes b etw een the ind icated
d ate s . Wh en the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 mon ths, annual
ra te s a r e shown,
( i t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

P e r c e n t chan ges f o r ind iv id u al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com pute d
as f o l l o w s :
1. A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c om p u te d f o r e a c h oc c up atio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b ein g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th ose e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.
2.

E a c h oc c up atio n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b as e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in the
b as e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to c om p ute g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c om p u te d in step 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to tale d to
obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t i o o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u ti v e y e a r s is
c om pute d b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

O c c u p atio n s used to com pute w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O ffice c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ecretaries
Stenographers, g en e ra l
Sten ograph ers, senior
T yp ists, cla sses
A and B
F ile cle rk s , classes A,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O r d e r c le r k s , classes
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerks
Keypun ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m eth o d used to com pute th ese
w a g e tr e n d s , s ee " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on thly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J anuary 1973, pp. 52-57.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e no t p r e s e n t e d in this bulletin. I n f o r ­
m a ti o n f o r th es e tabulations is c o l l e c t e d at 3- y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e tab u­
latio n s on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c hed uled w e e k l y ho u rs and d ay s; p aid h o l i d a y s ; paid v ac atio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Portland, M aine,1December 1977
N um ber

M in im u m

W o rk ers

o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

e m p lo y m e n t
in

In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

W it h in

e s ta b lis h -

m e n ts

in

W it h in

scope

ALL

DIVISIONS

OTHER

PUBLIC

COMMUNICATION.

S t u d ie d
P ercen t

85

2 9 .6 7 6

100

44

27

1 2 .2 4 2

41

1 0 .4 4 7

114

50

----------------------------------------------------------------------

TRANSPORTATION.

o f s tu d y 4

N u m ber

158

--------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

scope

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

S t u d ie d

o f s tu d y 3

o f s tu d y

MANUFACTURING

scope

in

58

1 7 .4 3 4

59

1 2 .3 9 9

11

2 .6 2 5

2 2 .8 4 6

AND
50

U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------------------------------

10

15

3 .2 0 3

-----------------------------------------------------------------

50

20

7

1 .9 4 8

7

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

42

18

6 .0 7 7

20

3 .9 3 0

----------------

50

18

10

4 .1 8 9

14

3 .3 4 9

S E R V I C E S 6 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

19

13

2 .0 1 7

7

1 .5 1 8

WHOLESALE
RETAIL

TRADE6

FINANCE.

1

TRADE6

INSURANCE.

The

AND

P o r tla n d ,

F a lm o u th ,
C o u n ty ;
w ith in

and

scope

E s tim a te s

of

and

s tu d y "

of

th e
not

to m e a s u re

G orh a m ,

c ity

are

and

d a ta

tre n d s

2
in

The

1972

c la s s ify in g

a tio n s

are
3

fin a n c e ,

e x c lu d e d
A ll

a u to

of

a ll

fr o m

r e p a ir

th e

s in c e

e x c lu d e d f r o m
S ta n d a rd

th e

s e r v ic e ,

ta b le

th e

of

th e

w ith

th e a r e a )
and

fo r c e

a

of

th e

scope

m o tio n

The

th e

w age

su rveys
p e r io d

w as

s e p a ra te

s e p a ra te
7

used
op er­

in

at

or above

in d u s t r ie s

th e a te rs

are

as

c o n s id e r e d

and

tra d e ,
as

1

13

to

to

w a ter
is

th e
of

a ll

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

p r e s e n ta tio n ,
(4 )

in

are

(2 )

(1 )
th e

is

fo r

"a ll

e m p lo y m e n t

ta b le s .

(w ith in

T a x ic a b s

w as

of

is

not

in s u ffic ie n t

p o s s ib ility

in d u s tr ie s "

p r e s e n ta tio n

E m p lo y m e n t
s a m p le

(3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s
th e re

to ta l

A - s e r ie s

and

e x c lu d e d .

S e p a ra te

rea so n s:

s tu d y ,

th e

e s tim a te s

ta b le s .

fo llo w in g

and

in

tr a n s p o r ta t io n

re p re s e n te d

sep a ra te

w ith

lim it a t io n .

u tilit ie s "

A - s e r ie s

th e

m e r it

in

m in im u m

"p u b lic

977

or

d is c lo s u r e

of
to o

d a ta

and

is

not

s m a ll

m ade

to p r o v id e

d e s ig n e d

in it ia lly

in a d e q u a te
of

"n o n ­

to

to

p e r m it

in d iv id u a l e s t a b ­

d a ta .
H o t e ls

a u t o m o b ile

th e m in im u m

such

th e
to

p r e s e n ta tio n ,

o r g a n iz a tio n s

c o m p a n ie s

in

m ore

d a ta

e s ta b lis h m e n t.




one o r

lis h m e n t

M anual

w o rk ers

d iv is io n

p e r m it

s tu d ie d ,

su rvey.

p ic tu r e

T h is

enou gh

r e q u ir e s

a ll
above

m a n u fa c tu r in g "
fo r

su rvey.

g o vern m en t

or

in c id e n t a l

6

su rvey.
a ll

at

A b b r e v ia te d

s e r v ic e s

"w o rk e rs

r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te
in

In c lu d e s

area)
5

e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s

p a y r o ll

o f th e

4
th e

in C u m b e r la n d

in c lu d e d

C la s s ific a tio n
H ow ever,

O ffic e

o f P o r tla n d ,
C u m b e r la n d ,

C o u n ty .

p r o v id e

t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t
of

c itie s

and Y a rm o u th

( 1 ) p la n n in g o f

In d u s tr ia l

d e fin e d b y th e

th e

E liz a b e th ,

Y ork

la b o r

in d u s tr y d iv is io n .

scope

in

in a d v a n c e

are

(w it h in

to w n

as
of

C ape

c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r

th e
by

c o n s is ts
of

W in d h a m ,

th is

of

le v e ls

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

o u tle ts

in

fo r

c o n s id e r a b ly

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

I n c lu d e s

lim it a t io n .

e d itio n

show n

or

1974,
to w n s

B each

c o m p o s itio n
h ow ever,

c o m p ile d

a n d (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts

th e

O rch ard

e s tim a te s

s iz e

F eb ru ary
and

S carb orou gh ,

O ld

in t e n d e d ,

e m p lo y m e n t

e s ta b lis h m e n t

th ro u g h

W e s tb ro o k ;

F re e p o rt,

and S a co

d e s c r ip tio n

ESTATE6

P o r tla n d S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a ,

o f M a n a gem en t and B u d get
S o u th

REAL

a n d m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s

r e p a ir ,

r e n ta l,

(e x c lu d in g

a r c h ite c tu r a l

and

r e lig io u s

s e r v ic e s .

a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s

p a r k in g ;
and

m o tio n

c h a r ita b le

p ic tu r e s ;

n o n p r o fit

o r g a n iz a tio n s );

and

s e r v ic e s ;

m e m b e r s h ip
e n g in e e r in g

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o ­
p r i a t e oc c up atio ns w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d un der a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f fe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
ment and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f occup atio nal
w a g e ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a ­
sis on i n ter e s ta b lis h m en t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f oc c u p atio n al
content, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th ose
in us e in in d iv id ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r ot h e r p u r p o s e s .
In ap p ly in g th e s e job d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e xc lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
Handicapped
w o r k e r s w h os e e a r n in g s a r e red u c e d b e ca u s e o f t h e i r handicap a r e a ls o
excluded.
T r a i n e e s a r e e xclu d ed f r o m the s u r v e y exc e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b tr a i n i n g in s o m e o f the l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
te c h n i c a l oc c up atio ns .

Office
SECRETARY

SECRETARY-

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one ind ivid ual.
M ain ­
tains a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v i s i o n and guid ance.
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d uties,
u s u all y in cludin g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

Continued

E x c lu s io n s

answ ers
persons;

a. R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and
routin e i n q u i r i e s , and r ou te s t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s

i n c o m in g m a i l ,
to the p r o p e r

N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e exc lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as f o l l o w s ;
a. P o s i t i o n s
d e s c r i b e d ab ove;
b.

b.
c.
instructed ;
d.

Establish es,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M a in t a in s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s
R elays m essages fro m

c a le n d a r and m a k es a p p oin tm en ts as

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b ord inates;

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g ra p h ic
accuracy;
f.

P erform s

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l tasks o f c o m p a r a b l e
natu re and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routine
and u n dersta nd in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .




sio n a l,

w h ic h

do not

m eet

the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y

con cept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y tr a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n t s to a gro up o f p r o f e s ­
techn ical, o r m a n a g e ria l persons;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in wh ich the duties a r e e i th e r sub sta ntia lly
m o r e routin e o r s u b s ta n t ia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th os e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fin ition ;
e. A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich i n v o l v e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
respon sible tech n ica l, a d m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o r y , or sp ecia liz ed c le r ic a l
duties w h ich a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s who h a ve a s ig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c om p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The t i t l e " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d oes not in a l l c a s e s

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
E x c l u s i o n s — Continued
id e n tify such p o s i ti o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on in div id ual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
individual loan o r c r e d i t actions; a d m i n i s t e r ind iv id u al tr u s t accou nts ; d i r e c t l y
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s es o f ap ply in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c om p an y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b oard o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r se gm e nt o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic tatio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d icta tion.
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fro m a steno­
gra p h ic p oo l.
M ay o ccasion ally tra n s c rib e fr o m vo ice recordings (if p rim a ry
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , se e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h is job is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith only one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u ti v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d e fin ition .
Stenographer,

k e ep

General

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m aintain f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m ot h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l task s.
S te n o g r a p h e r ,

S e n io r

D ic tatio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y also set up and
m ain ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , etc.

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c om p an y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s tr ia l r e l a t i o n s , etc.) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v is io n ) o f a c om p an y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5,000 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id ual plant, f a c t o r y , etc. ( o r
ot h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im po rtan t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e gm e n t
ofte n i n v o l v i n g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p any that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25,0 00 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u ti v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e quiv alent to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r subdivid ed.
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l includes a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lon s; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r two; 0 £
2.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id ual plant, f a c t o r y , etc. (or oth e r
e qu iv ale n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s
(e .g.,

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; oj^

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t , s k il l e d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )




OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties, r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
pendence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v id e n c e d by the
follow ing;
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o gr a p h ic speed and a c c u r a c y ;
a thorough w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l busin ess and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in ess o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e tc .
U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o grap h ic duties and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ainta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and routing inc o m in g m a i l ; and a n sw er in g
routin e q u e s tio n s , etc.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T Y P IS T

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic tatio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l routine
vocabulary fr o m tr a n scrib in g -m a ch in e r ec o rd s .
M a y also ty pe f r o m w r i t t e n
c op y and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d icta tion in v o lvin g
a v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not included.
A w o r k e r who takes dictatio n in
shorthand o r by Sten otype o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ake
out b i l l s a f t e r c alc u la tio n s have been m a d e by another p e rs o n .
M a y include
typing of s t e n c i l s , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in in g , such as
keeping s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s or tin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a i l .
C las s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
T yp in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m when it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n gu a ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layout and
ty p ing o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m ainta in u n i fo r m i t y and b alan ce in
spacing. M a y ty p e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

T Y P I S T — Continued

ORDER

C la s s B.
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C op y ty ping f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ran ce p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r setting up s i m p l e standa rd tab ula tion s; o r cop y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y set up and spaced p r o p e r l y .

R e c e iv e s w ritten or v e rb a l c u s to m e r s ' purchase o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k ty p ica lly involves
s o m e c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e te r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i te m s and s u g ge s tin g substitutes wh en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y date and m ethod o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a ti o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c heck ing o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and
adequacy o f i n f o r m a ti o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating of c u s to m e r ;
fu rn is h in g c u s t o m e r w i t h ac k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; fo l l o w i n g - u p
to see that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by th e s p e c i f i e d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m ain ta ining o r d e r f i l e ; c heck ing shipping in v o i c e
again st o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

F IL E

CLERK

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s ta b lis h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and manual tas k s r e q u i r e d to m ainta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo l l o w i n g d e fin ition s .
C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in dexes f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
en c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d oc u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a nu m b er o f v a r i e d subject m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m aterial.
M a y keep r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in conjunctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le ad a s m a l l group o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

CLERK

E xc lu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e using k now le dge
gained f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l t r a i n i n g ; e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g
s k i l l s ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p art o f the job.

C lass B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s im p l e
( s u b je c t m a tte r ) headin gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subheadings.
Prepares
s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n tif ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P ositio n s
defin ition s;

are

c la ssified

into

le vels

according

to

the

fo l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . H an dle s o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m ak ing judgm ents such as
choosing w h ic h s p e c i f i c prod uct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's pro duc t
lin e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m ak ing
s om e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t io n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and manual ta sks
r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C las s B . H an dle s o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i te m s w h ich h a ve r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and ap p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's manua l,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , op e r a tin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and d is trib u tin g
m a i l , and oth e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l tas k s such as posting to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accou nts ; v e r i f y i n g the interna l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting docum ents ;
as s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d is trib u t io n c o d e s ; e xam in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p ostin g,
e tc.; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d jo u rn al
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated acc ounting s y s te m .

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h on e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra nch exchange ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m in g , ou tg oing, and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a ti o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
keep r e c o r d of c a l l s p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h on e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty pe o r p e r f o r m routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p ing o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occupy the m a j o r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u ally p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
excluded.
F o r an o p e r a t o r who also ac ts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , se e Sw itc hb oard
O perator -Receptionist.

The w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m ethod s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f tr a n s a c ti o n s and ac counting in f o r m a tio n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the boo kk e e p ing and ac counting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a knowledge
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b ookk eep ing and ac coun ting.

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
P ositions
defin ition s:

A t a s in gle -p o s itio n te le p h on e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e Sw it c hb oard O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u siness and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e in f o r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con ta cting that p e r s o n by te le p h on e and
a r r a n g i n g an ap pointm ent; k e ep in g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .




are

c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e l s on the b as is of the

fo l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . U n de r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s ac counting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s wh ich r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e accounting t r a n s ­
ac tio n s , s e l e c t i n g am ong a substantial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac cou nting cod es

16

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — Continued

PAYROLL

and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g tr a n s a c ti o n s th ro ugh p r e v i o u s accounting
actio ns to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B ac cou nting c l e r k s .

l i s t i n g s again st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a no nautom ated p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com p utes w a g e s .
W o rk m ay req u ire a pra ctica l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p an y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

C la s s B . Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in str uctions
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accou nting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p ostin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n ti f i c a ti o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t io n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d icate d ; check in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d a n d
repetitive reco rd s or
accounting doc u m e nts ; and cod ing docum ents u s i n g
a few p re s c rib e d
ac cou nting c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a boo kk e e p ing m a c h in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
boa rd) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f busin ess tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s ic b ookk eep in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w it h the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r accoun ting s y s t e m us ed.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s trib u t io n o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in each phas e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and ot h e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e ctio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic bookk eep ing. P h a s e s
o r s e ction s include accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not
in cluding a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m achin e b i l l e r ) , cos t d i s ­
t r ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , etc .
M a y ch e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b ala n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sheets f o r the accounting
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than an
ordinary or electrom atic typ ew riter.
M a y als o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b il l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m ot h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k incidenta l to b illin g
operation s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ac h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m ac h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m achin e) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s ap p lic a tion o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d iscounts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , wh ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om pute d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and tota ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a ti c a l l y ac c u m u late d by
m ac h in e .
T h e o p e r a t i o n u suall y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e nu m b er o f c arb o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b eing p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b ookk eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the
ac cou nts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a l l y in v o l v e s the sim u lta neous e n tr y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a ti c a l l y ac c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and com p utes and u sually p rin ts a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b ala n ce s .
Does not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and standa rd ty p es o f s ale s and c r e d i t s lip s.
PAYROLL

CLERK

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m ain ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P ro cessin g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjustin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e f i t s , o r ta x deductio ns; ed iting p a y r o l l




C L E R K — Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypunch m ac h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alp habetic and/or
n u m e r i c data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.
Positions
d e fin itio n s :

are classified

into

l e v e l s on the

b as is o f the

follow ing

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p li c ation o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r codin g i te m s to be keypunched f r o m a v a r i e t y of s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y also p e r f o r m s o m e routin e keypunch w o r k .
M ay
t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is routine and r e p e t i t i v e .
Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s ta n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e docum ents which have been c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h have b een p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g i n fo rm a tio n .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m ac hine s such as the ta b u la to r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, etc .
E xclud ed f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o exclud ed a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v en though th ey m a y also o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accounting m ac h in e equipment.
P ositions
defin ition s:

are cla s s ifie d

into

le v els

on the

b asis o f the

follow ing

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and tabulating as s ig n m e n ts
including d e v i s i n g d i f fi c u l t c o n t r o l pan el w i r i n g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ich
often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the nature
and s equencing o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the use o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m achine o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a ti n g sequences
o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oes not include p os itio n s in w h ich w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and in s e r ti o n o f p r e w i r e d b oa r d s .
C las s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
un der s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if fi c u l t ta bulating o r e l e c t r i c a l accounting m ac hine s such as
the ta b ula tor and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad dition to the s i m p l e r m ac h in e s used by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C l a s s C . Under s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l ac cou nting m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
punch, c o l l a t o r , etc .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e p o r tio n s of a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , ind ivid ual s o r ti n g o r c o l l a t i n g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a tio n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f i l i n g w o rk .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINE SS— Continued

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s olv in g
th em by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t.
D evelops a com plete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ne eded to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and i d e n t i f i e s conditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocum ents to be used; ou tlin es actions to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t of te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f ne w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m ent chan ges to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s an aly s ts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e th e ir pay.)

C lass C.
W o r k s un der i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u ally o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills r eq u ired fo r system s analysis work.
F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s an alys t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l an alyst.

D oes not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s an alys ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s an aly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C l a s s A . W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P ro b lem s are
c o m p l e x beca u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a te d p ro d uction s c h e d ­
ulin g, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in which
e v e r y i t e m of each typ e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d through the f u ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p ac tions a r e in it iate d by the c o m p u te r . )
C o n f e r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f new o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f n eed ed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r obtaining
equ ip m en t.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINE SS
C o n v e r t s s tate m e n ts o f b u s iness p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a lys t, into a sequence o f d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s which a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by autom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t.
W o rk in g f r o m
c h a r ts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e in s tru c tio n s which,
wh en e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in c o d e d lan gu a ge , caus e the m an ip u ­
latio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r subject m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to an alyze c h a r ts and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s sequence o f p r o g r a m
s tep s; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in whic h data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th es e c h a r ts to cod ed in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p ro d u c tion run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s an alysts
if this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)
D oe s not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n al
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

d irectio n

to

low er

C l a s s B.
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y beca u s e s ou r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e la te d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m ain ta in in g d e p o s i t o r ac cou nts in a bank, m ain ta ining
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m ain ta ining in v e n t o r y
acc ounts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be appli ed.
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on routine a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s i n s tr u c tio n and guidan ce on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n ts .
W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p l i a n c e with in s tr u c ti o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t with the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

l e v e l s y s t e m s an aly sts
C l a s s A . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s wh ich r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l phas e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r ts which i d e n tify
the na ture o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g ste ps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s steps o f the p r o b l e m s olving routin e;
plans the f u l l range o f p r o g r a m m i n g ac tio ns n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u ti l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f fi c u l t b e c a u s e c om p u te r equipment
m ust be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e pro ducts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x te n s i v e n u m b er
o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac tio n s m ust o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such actions as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a ti o n s wh ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t of
lin k ag e points b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and substa ntial man ip ulation and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n al d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R OPERATOR-

C lass B .
W o r k s in dependently o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) usuall y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to pro duce data in two
o r t h re e v a r i e d s e quences or f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis ti n g s a r e p rod uced by
r e fin in g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m ak in g m i n o r additions to o r d e letion s f r o m
input data wh ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h il e n u m erous r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e f i n e d in p r i o r actions so that the a c c u r a c y
and se que nc in g of data can be te s te d by using a f e w routine c h e c k s. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a ti o n s .

m a j o r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b l y short t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r situations, d ia g n o s e s cause and takes c o r r e c t i v e action.
T h is
u s u ally i n v o l v e s applyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e ste ps, o r using
standa rd c o r r e c t i o n techn iq ues.

OR
W o rk s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A) under c l o s e
d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f fi c u l t tasks as s ign e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if fi c u l t tasks under f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y guide o r i n s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p li c ation s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c on ce p ts u suall y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p li c atio n o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to
routine p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new asp e cts o f as s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e with r e q u i r e d
procedures.

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to op e r a tin g i n s tr u c tio n s , u suall y p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k includes m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e t e r m i n e equip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loads equip m en t with r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e tc . ) ; sw it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y equipm en t into
c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r; m a k e s ad justm ents to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l con dit io ns; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m ade
during o p e r a ti o n and d e t e r m i n e s caus e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
For

wage

study

purposes,

c o m p u te r

operators

are

c la ssified

as

follo w s:
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in dependently, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tl y te s te d and in tro du ce d ; scheduling r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e of
c o m p l e x d e s ig n so that i d e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s ou r c e often r e q u i r e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M ay g i v e d i r e c t i o n and guidance to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s independently, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d uctio n runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is l i ttle o r no t e s tin g o f ne w p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m needs




ontinued

OR
O p e r a t e s under d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s with the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d iffic u lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t tasks f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
with fre q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b i l i t y to
received
operator

C l a s s C . W o r k s on routin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e rv is io n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w le dg e o f the c o m p u te r equ ipm en t used and
d e te c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running routine p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s om e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C l a s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s ig n if ic a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ft in g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e support with the d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n ch an ge s .
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f each change on the
d e ta i l s o f f o r m , functio n, and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f components and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d by d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M ay e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a tio n by l o w e r
le v e l dra fters.

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x d ra ft in g as s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g te chniques
r e g u l a r l y used.
D uties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s with i r r e g u l a r shap es, m u ltip le functio ns, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n com p onen ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c on s t ru c tio n o f a building including d e t a i l d ra w in g s o f foun­
d ations, w a l l s e c t io n s , f l o o r plans, and r o o f .
Uses a c c e p ted f o r m u l a s and
m anuals in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com puta tions to d e t e r m i n e quantities of
m a t e r i a l s to be us ed, load c a p a c i t i e s , str en gth s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R eceives
i n i t i a l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p l e te d
w o r k is checked f o r te c h n i c a l ad equacy.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f s ingle units o r p arts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n stru c tio n , m an u fac tu rin g, o r r e p a i r p u rp o s es .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com pon ents
and c o n v e y need ed i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta i l s f r o m a number o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u i r e d .
Sugg est ed m ethod s o f
a p p ro ac h, a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g ive n
with i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n ts .
In s tru c tion s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when a s s ig n m e n ts
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

D R A FTE R -TR A C E R

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — Continued

C o p i e s plans and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d by ot h e rs by p la c in g t r a c i n g
clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c i n g with pen o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
includ e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t l in e s and a
l a r g e s c a le not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p r o v i d e
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s ta llin g , m ain ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b l e s h o o ti n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n stru c tin g, and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m alfu n c tio n s , and s k i l l to put equip m en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a ti n g con dit io n.
T h e equip m en t— c o n s i s ti n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u ltip le r e p e t i t i o n o f the s am e kind o f c i r c u i t — i n c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c tr a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e quip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , son ar, n a v i g a t i o n a l a id s ), (b) d i g i t a l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n tro llin g
equipm ent.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
equip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and household r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s ets ; p ro d u c tion a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s wh ose p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t i n s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
Positions
d e fin itio n s .

are

cla s s ifie d

into

le v els

on the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
A p p l i e s advanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th os e that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o lv e d s o l e l y by r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anua ls o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c equipm en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in clude lo c a t io n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , i s o l a t i n g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u en t
e n g i n e e r i n g c h an ges.
W ork in vo lves:
A d e ta i l e d understandin g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in dependent j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g such
tasks as m ak in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , ca lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
ships in s ign al f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x te s t in s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p ulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m an uals o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t.
W o rk in v o lve s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s equence and in s e le c tin g
t o o l s and te s ti n g i n s tr u m e n ts , u sually l e s s c o m p l e x than th ose used b y the
c l a s s A te c hn ic ia n.
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with ac c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
routin e ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n s t r u c ­
tions which c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
ta s k s as :
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c om p on e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t; and using t o o l s and c o m m o n te s t i n s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a s s i g n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k ed , but i s g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v i e w
when n e w o r ad vanced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R I A L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
. d i r e c ti o n to i l l o r in j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an ac c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m en t.
D uties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; keep in g
r e c o r d s o f patients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c om p e n s a tio n o r
ot h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a ti o n s and health e valu ations o f
ap p li c ants and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o lv in g
health education, ac c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
ot h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the health, w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e rs o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one nu rs e a r e e xc lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M AIN TE N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — Continued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t and m ain ta in
in good r e p a i r build ing w o o d w o r k and equip m en t such as bins, c r i b s , c o u n te rs ,
benches, p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m ad e o f wood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Planning and
laying out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s tr u c tio n s ;

using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s ha ndto ols, p o r ta b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and standa rd
m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta ndard shop c om p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
sions o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence u sually a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC I A N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r v e h ic le )

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functions such as the i n s t a l ­
lation, m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equipm en t f o r the g e n e r a t io n , d is trib u tion ,
o r u til i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g ; In s ta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i tc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , la youts, o r oth e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n os in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m ent; w o r k i n g standa rd com puta tions r e l a t i n g to loa d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equipm ent; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s tin g i n s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ainte n ance
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u i r e d through
a f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s , buses, m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s of an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E xa m in in g a u tom otiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n os e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equipm en t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , gauges, d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d equipm en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p l a c i n g brok en
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts f r o m stock; g rin d in g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
in s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak ing n e c e s s a r y ad ju s t­
m e n ts ; and alig n in g w h e e l s , adjustin g b r a k e s and lig hts , o r tighte ning body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n an c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e of s u r fa ce p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t ap p lic a tion s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
painting by r e m o v i n g old fin is h o r by p lac in g putty o r f i l l e r in na il ho les and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p ly in g paint with s p ra y gun o r brush.
M ay m ix c o lo rs ,
o i l s , w h ite le ad , and ot h e r paint in g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n anc e pain ter r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y a c q u ir e d thro ugh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and ne w p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e quip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; planning and l a y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; setting up and o p e r a tin g
sta ndard m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m aking
s ta n dard shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , t o o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m a c h in in g; k n o w le d g e of the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c om m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g standa rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and equipm en t r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and f ittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts into m e c h a n i c a l equip m ent. In g e n e r a l ,
the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded tr a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d through a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equiv ale nt
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f pipe and
p i p e f itt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L ay in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe f r o m d r a w in g s o r oth e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t length s with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
pipe with stocks and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g pipe with couplin gs and f a s te n in g pipe to h a n g e r s ;
m ak in g standa rd shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
pipe r e q u i r e d ; and m ak in g standard t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h eth e r fin is h e d p ip es
m eet specifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n ance p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
en g ag ed in in s ta l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g building sanitation o r heating s y s t e m s
a re excluded.
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M achin ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equipm en t of an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E xa m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e qu ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p l a c i n g brok en o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts with i t e m s
ob ta ined f r o m sto ck; o r d e r i n g the p ro d uctio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p art by a
m a c h in e shop o r sending the m ac h in e to a m ac h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a l l
n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y
a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E xc lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s wh ose p r i m a r y duties
i n v o l v e setting up o r adjustin g m a c h in e s .




T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not include m e c h a n ic s who r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u to m o b ile r e p a i r shops.

21

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ain ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
equ ip m en t and f i x t u r e s (such as m ac h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, ducts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Plann ing and lay in g out a l l ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m ain te n an c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e l s , o r ot h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; setting up and o p e r a ti n g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h in e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, bending, f o r m i n g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n anc e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r
e qu iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equipm ent, and d i s m a n tl e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r he av y equip m en t when changes in the plant layou t a r e
requ ired.
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g : Plann ing and la y in g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu ep rin ts o r ot h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m ak in g standa rd shop c om p uta tions r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig nin g and b alan cing e q u i p ­
m en t; s e l e c t i n g standa rd t o o l s , e qu ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and i n s ta llin g
and m ain ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equip m en t such as d r i v e s
and speed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
roun ded tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in the tr a d e a c q u i r e d through a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s , byp e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k eep in g a
w o r k e r supplied with m a t e r i a l s and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and equip m en t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n by holding m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g ot h e r u n sk il le d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d by j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m tr a d e to t r a d e :
In s om e
t r a d e s the h e l p e r i s con fin ed to sup plying, li f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and cl^egning w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e rs he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g aug es, o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s : Plann ing and lay ing
out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , o r ot h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; understa nding the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c om m o n m e t a l s and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e ta s k s ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u tatio ns ; setting up and o p e r a tin g
v a r i o u s m ac h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d equip m en t; using v a r i o u s t o o l and die
m a k e r ' s handtoo ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and f in is h e d to ols and d ie s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
an ce s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o rk r e q u i r e s
rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e usually a c q u ir e d
th ro ugh f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T oo lro om )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one type o f m a c h in e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h i n e , engine lathe, m i l l i n g m a c h in e ) to m a c h in e
m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g au g es ,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., pla stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la ss).
W ork ty p ica lly in vo lves:
Plann ing and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t m ac h in in g o p e r a ti o n s which r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m ac h in e t o o l o r
to o ls ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and ad just gu id es , stops, w o r k i n g t a b le s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to handle the s i z e o f stock to be m ac h in e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a ti o n sequence o r s e l e c t th ose p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y ou ts); using a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e nts durin g m ac h in in g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c oo la n ts and cutting and l u b r ic a tin g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in this
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u all y a c q u i r e d th rough c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g a n d
experien ce.

in clude
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in to o l and die jobbing

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
include t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN EE R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a tio n of
s ta ti o n a r y e n g in e s and e quip m en t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d with p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c on ditionin g.
W ork in v o lve s :
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g equip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m en t, s te am _ b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pumps;
m a k in g e qu ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e ep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n of m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c on su m p tion.
M a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
are exclu ded.
B O IL E R TE N D E R
F ire s
s ta ti o n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in which
e m p l o y e d with heat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e l s to f i r e by hand or
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and che cks w a t e r and
s a f e ty v a l v e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m eq uip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
TR U C K D R IV ER
D r i v e s a tru c k with in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such as:
M an u fa ctu rin g pla nts, f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s ale and r e t a i l ‘ e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' ho uses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r unload tru c k with
o r withou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e ep tr u c k in good
w orking o rd er.
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
ty pe o f equ ip m en t, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a t e d on the b as is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)




T R U C K D R I V E R — Continued
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d rive r,

lig h t tr u c k (under 1V2 tons)
m e d i u m tr u c k ( 1 V2 to and inc lu d in g 4 tons)
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipm en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g shipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k
in v o lve s :
A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r ou te s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the goods

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C ontinued

shipped, m a k in g up b i l l s o f ladin g, posting w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k eep in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipment.
R e ce iv in g w ork i n v o lv e s : V e rify in g or d irectin g
oth e rs in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f ship m ents again st b i l l s o f lad in g,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c heck in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a ge d
goods; r outin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; and m a i n ­
taining n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty pe and s i z e o f c o n ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e alin g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and ap p lyin g l a b e l s o r e n te r i n g id e n tify in g data on c on ta in e r .
Packers
who also m a k e w o od en b ox es o r c r a t e s a r e exclud ed .
M A T E R I A L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R

F o r wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

Shipping c l e r k
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an un de rs tand in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s [ o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) ag ain s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob viou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s to r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s to r in g , stacking, o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m eth od s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e xa m in in g s to r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a ge ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g i t f o r shipm en t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr uck s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d uties.
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tr u c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .
ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d goods f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d i ­
catin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
ad d itio n a l sto ck o r r e p o r t sho rt supplies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
r e l a t e d d uties.
SH IPPIN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d prod ucts f o r shipment o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b eing dependent
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be packed , the typ e o f con tain e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f shipm en t.
W o rk r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in




A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fac tu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
ot h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t w h ose duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r tr a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; and t r a n s p o r ti n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y ha ndtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships, a r e e x clud ed .
PO W E R -TRU C K O PERATO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
tr u c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :
F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

GUARD AND W A TC H M AN
Guard.
P e r f o r m s routin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e i t h e r at f i x e d post o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In cludes
guards who a r e s ta tioned at gate and ch e c k on i d e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
other persons e n te rin g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y again st f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R ,

p erio dically

in

protecting

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c on dition f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , ap a r tm e n t hous e, o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w eep in g, m op p in g o r scrub b ing, and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chip s, tr a s h ,
and ot h e r r e f u s e ; dusting equip m en t, f u r n i tu r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g supplie s and m i n o r m ainte n anc e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w w as h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follow ing areas a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s whic h a r e a v a i l a ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile supplies la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
shown on the bac k c o v e r .
A l a s k a (s t a t e w i d e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a , La.
A lp e n a , Standish, and
T a w a s C ity , Mich.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A ugusta , Ga.—
S.C.
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C ali f.
Baton R o u g e , La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich.
B ea um ont—P o r t A r t h u r Orange, Tex.
B i l o x i — u l f p o r t and
G
P ascagou la, M iss.
B r e m e r t o n , Wash.
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and
S t a m f o r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iowa
C ham p aign—Urban a—Rantou l, 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S.C.
Cheyen ne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n .—Ky.
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , Colo .
C olu m b ia, S.C.
C olum bus, M i s s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M inn.—Wis.
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A l a m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugen e— p r i n g f i e l d and M e d f o r d —
S
K la m a th F a l l s — r a n ts P a s s —
G
Rosebu rg, O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i tc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R i l e y —Junction C ity , Kans.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k . —
Okla.
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r stown—
C h a m b e r s b u r g , Md.—Pa.
G adsden and Annis to n, A la.
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island—H astings , N e b r .
G uam , T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L eb ano n, Pa.
L a C r o s s e , W is .
Laredo, Tex.
L a w to n , Okla.
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , Ky.
L i m a , Ohio
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—Del.
M ac on , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M ain e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —Edinbur g and
B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r l i n g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M erid ian , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , Monmouth, and
O cean C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e and P e n s a c o l a , A l a . — la .
F
Montana ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D av id s on, Tenn.
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h i r e (s t a t e w i d e )
N e w L ondon— o r w i c h , Conn.—R.I.
N
N o r th Dakota ( s t a t e w i d e )
N orthern N ew York
O rlan d o, F la .
Oxn ar d— i m i V a l l e y —V e n tu ra , C alif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C olo.
Pu erto R ico
R a l e i g h —D urham , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iversid e—
San B e r n a r d i n o —
O n t a rio , C a lif.
Sali na, Kans.
S a li n as — e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C alif.
S
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, Ala.
S h e rm an —D enison , T e x .
S h reveport, La.
South Dakota ( s t a t e w i d e )
Southern Idaho
So u th w e stern V i r g i n i a
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d ^ C h i c ope e—H o ly o k e ,
M a s s . —Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u l s a , Okla.
Up p er P e n in s u la , M ic h.
V a l l e j o — a i r f i e l d —Napa, C alif.
F
V erm on t (statew ide)
V i r g i n Islands o f the U.S.
W a co and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iowa
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W est V ir g in ia (statew ide)
W ilm in g to n , D e l.— .J . —Md.
N
Y a k i m a , R ichlan d —K e n n e w ic k and
W a lla W a l l a —P e n d le ton ,
Wash .— r e g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accounta nts , a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
ants, a t t o r n e y s , job an aly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g te c h n icia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c le r ic a l em ployees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l Su rvey o f P r o ­
fessio n al, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T ech nical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977. $2.40
a copy, f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g ion a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the
b ac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
tendent o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b ull etins a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
B u ll e tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the b ack
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superin te ndent of D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 20402.
M ak e che cks p ay ab le to Su perinte n den t of
D ocum ents.
A d i r e c t o r y o f occup atio nal w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1950 th ro u gh 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on req u e st.

Area
A k r o n , Ohio, D ec. 1 9 76 1________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y . , Sept. 1977_________________
S
T
An aheim —
Santa A n a - G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t. 1977_________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977__________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1977______________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t., July 1977 1 _____________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977__________________________________
B osto n , M a s s . , Aug. 1977________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 1977_________________________________________
Canton, Ohio , M a y 1977 1 _______________ _______________________
Cha tt anooga, T e n n . — a . , Sept. 1977____________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 7 * ________________________________________
C in c inn ati, O hio — y . —I n d . , July 1977 1 _______________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O hio, Sept. 1 9 7 7 1___________________________________
C olum b us, Ohio , O c t. 1977______________________________________
Corpus C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1 9 7 7 * ______________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o rt h , T e x . , O c t. 1977_______________ ___________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k Isla nd — o l i n e , Io wa—111., M a y 1977 1______
M
D ay ton, O hio, D ec. 1976 _________________________________________
Dayton a B e a c h , F l a . , Aug. 1977 1_______________________________
D e n v e r — o u l d e r , C o l o . , D ec. 1976_____________________________
B
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 _______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1977_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m — ig h P o in t,
H
N . C . , Au g . 1977 1—............... — .....................................................
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r t a n b u r g , S.C ., June 1977 ____________________
S
H a r t f o r d , Conn ., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
Houston, T e x . , A u g . 1 9 77 1______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F eb . 1 9 77 1____________________________________
Ind ia n a p o lis , Ind., Oct. 1977____________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Jan. 1 9 7 7 1 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1977___________________________________
K ansas C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1977___________________________
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1977__________________
L
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , N o v . 1977 1_______________________________
I
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1977______________________
A




B u l l e ti n number
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1950-43,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$1.00
$1.20
$ 1.2 0
$1.00
85 cents
$ 1.2 0
$1.00
$1.10
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
85 cents
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
1950-4,
1950-56,
1950-2,
1950-67,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$ 1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$1.40
$1.40
$ 1 .0 0
$1.50
70 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1977___________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
M inn eapolis—
St. P a u l, M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1977________________
N a s sa u — ffolk, N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________
Su
N e w a r k , N .J . , Jan. 1977 ________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 _________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977............................ .....................
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
N .C . , M a y 1977 __________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N ew port N ew s—
Ham pton, V a . — . C . , M a y 1977_______________
N
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Aug. 1977 1___________________________
O k lah o m a C ity , O k l a . , Aug. 1977 1
_____________________________
Om aha, N e b r . —Iow a , Oct. 1 9 7 7 * _______________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 ___________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1977______________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1977______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O reg .‘— a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 7 * ____________________________
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N. Y . , June 1977 ________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n — e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 1976________
K
N
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w tu c k e t, R . I . —
W
M a s s . , June 1977 1 ______________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1977 1 _____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—
111., M a r . 1977 _________________________ ________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 _________________________________
S a gin aw , M i c h . , N o v . 1977_______________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—Ogden, Utah, N o v . 1977_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1__________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1976____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 ____________________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 _____________________________________
S e a t tl e —E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan 1977 1_____________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1 9 77 *___________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1976_______________________________________
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 1977_________________________________
T r e n t o n , N .J . , Sept. 1977________________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y W ? 1 _________________________________
W a sh in gto n , D. C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
M
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 _____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 __________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F eb . 1977 ____________________________________________

1

B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

$1.00
$ 1.1 0
$ 1.6 0
$1.00
$1.60
$1.60
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1960-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
1950-1,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.50
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1950-51,
1900-44,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
55 cents
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
55 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
55 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.10

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

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Region lit

Region IV

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102