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BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

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Area Wage Survey
The Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Area




March 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-55
June 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T he B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics p r o g r a m of annual
occupational w a g e s u r v e y s in m et ropolit an a r e a s is d e ­
signed to p ro v id e data on occupational earnin gs, and e s t a b ­
lis hm en t p r a c t i c e s and sup plem en tary w age p rovis io ns.
It
y ie lds detailed data by selecte d industry division fo r each
of the a r e a s studied, f o r geo grap hic re gio ns, and fo r the
United States.
A m a j o r co nsid erati on in the p r o g r a m is
the need f o r g r e a t e r insight into (1) the movement of w a g e s
b y occupationa l c a t e g o r y and skill level, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and l e v e l of w a g e s am ong a r e a s and industry divisions.

Introduction_________________________________________________________________________
W age tr ends fo r selecte d occupational g r o u p s _______________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A t the end of each s urv ey , an individual a r e a b u l ­
letin p re s e n t s s u r v e y re su lt s f o r each a r e a studied.
After,
com pletion of a l l of the individ ual a r e a bulletins f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is issued.
The f i r s t p a rt b r i n g s data f o r each of the m etropolitan
a r e a s studied into one bulletin.
The second part p resents
in fo rm atio n w hich has b e e n pro je cted f r o m individual
m etro p o litan a r e a data to re la t e to geographic regions and
the United States.

A.

B.
E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s cu rre n tly are included in the
program .
In each a r e a , in fo rm atio n on occupational e a r n ­
ings is colle cted annually and on establishment p ract ice s
and s u p p lem en tar y w a g e p r o v is io n s biennially.
This bulleti n p r e s e n t s re su lt s of the survey in
Ph oe n ix , A r i z . , in M a r c h 1968. The Standard Metr opoli ta n
Stati stical A r e a , as defined b y the B u r e a u of the Budget
through A p r i l 1967, consis ts of M a r i c o p a County.
This
study w a s conducted in the B u r e a u ' s re gio nal office in
San F r a n c i s c o ,
C a li f., C h a r l e s A. Roum asset , D ire c t o r.
The study w a s under the g e n e r a l direction of Adolph O.
B e r g e r , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r of Operations.




1
4

E s tab lis hm en ts and w o r k e r s within scope of s u r v e y and
n u m b er studied___________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t-t im e
hourly earnin gs f o r s electe d occupational gr o u p s , and
perc ents of in c r e a s e f o r selecte d p e r i o d s __________________________

4

O ccu pa tiona l e a r n in g s ;*
A - 1. O ffice occupations—m en and w o m e n ____________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupations—m en and
w o m e n ______________________________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice, p r o fe s s io n a l , and te ch nical occupations—
m en and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ______________________________________
A - 4 . Maintenance and pow erpla n t occu pations_____________________
A - 5. C ustodia l and m a t e r i a l m o vem ent o c c u p a t io n s ______________

9
10
11

E stab lis hm en t p ra c t ic e s and sup plem en tary w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ; *
B - l . M in im u m entrance s a l a r i e s l o r w o m en office
w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________________
B - 2 . Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s --------------------------------------------------------------------B - 3 . Scheduled w e e k ly h o u r s __________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o lid a y s _______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
B - 6 . Health, in su ran ce, and pens ion p la n s _________________________
B - 7 . P r e m i u m pay f o r o v ertim e w o r k _______________________________

12
13
14
15
16
19
20

Appendix.

O ccu pa tiona l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

areas.

* NOTE:
S i m i l a r tabulations a r e av aila b le f o r other
(See inside b ack co v er.)

A c u rre n t r e p o rt on ea rnin gs in the P h o e n ix a r e a is
als o av a ila b le fo r selecte d food s e r v i c e occupations (M a r c h
1968).
Union s c a l e s , indicative of p re v a ilin g pay levels
ar e a v a ila b le fo r building construction; printing; l o c a l tr an sit operating e m p lo y e e s ; and m o to rtru ck d r i v e r s , h e lp ­
e r s , and alli ed occupations.

iii

3

6
8

21




Area Wage Survey---The Phoenix, Ariz., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This a r e a is 1 of 86 in which the U. S. D epartm ent of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics conducts s urv ey s of occupational ear nings
and re lated benefits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
obtained by p e r s o n a l v is its of B u r e a u field econo mists to r e p r e ­
sentative e s ta b lish m en ts within six b ro ad industry division s: M a n u ­
factu rin g; tran s p ortatio n , comm un ication, and other public utilities;
w h o l e s a le trade; r e t a i l tr ade; finance, in su rance, and r e a l estate; and
services.
M a j o r in du stry groups excluded from these studies a r e
governm ent o pe ratio ns and the construction and extractive in dustri es.
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d nu mber of w o r k e r s a r e
omitted b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to w a r r a n t inclusion.
Separate tabulations a r e
p ro v id ed fo r eac h o f the b ro a d industry divisions which m eet pub­
lication c r i t e r i a .

a llo w an ces and incentive earnin gs a r e included. W h e re w eekly hours
a r e re p o rt ed , as fo r office c l e r i c a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the
standard w o rk w e e k (roun ded to The. n e a re s t half hour) fo r which e m ­
plo yees re c e iv e their r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r i e s (exc lusiv e of pay
for o vert im e at r e g u l a r and/or p r e m i u m ra t e s ) . A v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n ­
ings fo r these occupations have been rou nded to the n e a re s t half dollar.
The a v e r a g e s p res en t ed re fle c t co mposite, areaw id e e s ti­
m ates.
Industr ie s and esta b li sh m ents diffe r in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute dif fe rently to the es ti m ate s fo r each job.
The pay re la tio nship obtainable f r o m the a v e r a g e s m ay fail to reflect
acc u ra te ly the w a g e sp r e a d or d iffe rentia l maintained among jobs in
individual es tabli sh m ents.
S i m il a r l y , d iffe re n c e s in average pay
lev els fo r m en and w om en in any of the selected occupations should
not be as s u m e d to r e fle c t d iffe ren c es in pay treatment of the sexes
within individual establi sh m ents.
Other p o s s ib le fac to rs which may
contribute to d iffe ren c es in pay for men and w o m en include: D i f f e r ­
ences in p r o g r e s s i o n within es ta b lish ed rate r a n g e s , since only the
actual rates paid incumbents a r e collected; and d iffe ren c es in specific
duties p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s ifi e d appropria tely
within the s am e s u r v e y job descriptio n.
Job des criptio ns used in
clas s ify in g e m p lo y ees in these s u rv ey s a r e us u ally m o r e gen eraliz ed
than those used in individual es ta bli shm ents and al low for minor
d iffe ren c es among establi sh m ents in the spe cifi c duties p erfo rm ed.

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a sample b a s is b eca us e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y cost involved in surveyin g a ll esta bli sh m ents .
To
obtain optimum a c c u r a c y at min im um cost, a g r e a te r p ro portion of
l a r g e than of s m a l l establi sh m ents is studied.
In co m bin in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l esta b lish m en ts a r e given their appropria te weight.
Es­
ti m ates b a s e d on the e sta b li sh m ents studied a r e pre sented, th e re fo r e ,
as r e la t in g to a l l es ta b lish m en ts in the industry gr ou pi ng and a r e a ,
except fo r those b elo w the m in im um size studied.
O ccupa tions and E a r n in g s

Occupational employment estim ates r e p r e s e n t the total in
all esta bli shm ents within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
B ec a u s e of d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure
among esta b li sh m ents, the estim ates of occupational employment ob­
tained f r o m the s am ple of es ta bli shm ents studied s e r v e only to indicate
the re lativ e import ance of the jobs studied.
These diffe re nces in
occupational structure do not affect m a t e r i a l l y the ac c u ra c y of the
earnin gs data.

The occu pations s electe d fo r study a r e com m on to a v arie ty
of m an u fact u r in g and nonman ufacturin g in du stries , and a r e of the
fo llo w in g types: (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and technical;
(3) m aintenance and p ow erp la nt; and (4) cu stodial and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment.
O ccu patio nal c l a s s ifi c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm set of job
d e s c rip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take account of in te resta blishm ent v aria tio n
in duties within the s am e job.
The occupations selected fo r study
a r e lis ted and d e s c r i b e d in the appendix.
The earnings data fo llo w in g
the job titles a r e f o r a l l in du stries combined.
E arn in gs data fo r some
of the occupations lis ted and d e s c r i b e d , or fo r some industry divisions
within occupations , a r e not pre sented in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s, beca use
either (1) em p lo y m en t in the occupation is too sm all to p ro vid e enough
data to m e r i t p resentatio n, or (2) there is possib ili ty of d is c l o s u r e
of individ ual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E stab lis hm en t P r a c t i c e s and Su pplem entary W age P r o v is io n s
Info rm ati on is p res en ted (in the B - s e r i e s table s) on selected
esta bli sh m ent p ra c t ic e s and sup plem en tary w age p ro v is io ns as they
re la te to plant and office w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t ra t iv e , executive, and
p r o fe s s io n a l em p lo y e e s , and construction w o r k e r s who are utilized
as a separat e w o r k fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " include
w o rk in g fo r e m e n and all n o n s u p e r v is o ry w o r k e r s (including lead m en and tr ain ees ) engaged in nonoffice functions.
" O ffi c e w o r k e r s "
include w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o ry w o r k e r s perfo rm in g
c l e r i c a l or re la t e d functions.
C a fe t e r i a w o r k e r s and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing in du stries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

O ccu pa tio na l em p lo y m en t and earnings data a r e shown fo r
f u ll -t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those hire d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly schedule
in the given occu pational classificatio n.
E arn in gs data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w eek ends, ho lid ay s, and
late shifts.
N onproduction bonuses a r e excluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
M in im u m entrance s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n office w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) rela te only to the e sta b li sh m ents vis ite d. B ec a u s e of the optimum
s am p li ng techniques used, and the p r o b a b ilit y that l a r g e e s t a b li s h ­
ments a r e m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l entrance ra tes fo r w o r k e r s
above the s u b c l e r ic a l le v e l than s m a l l e s ta b li sh m ents, the table is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o lic ie s i n m ed iu m and l a r g e e sta b li sh m ents.
Shift diffe ren tial data (table B - 2 ) a r e lim it ed to plant w o r k e r s
in man ufa cturin g in du stries.
This in fo rm atio n is p res en t ed both in
t e rm s of (1) esta b li sh m ent p olic y, 1 p res en ted in t e r m s of total plant
w o r k e r em ploym en t, and (2) effective p r a c t ic e , p res en ted in te rm s of
w o r k e r s actually em plo yed on the spe cified shift at the time of the
s urv ey .
In esta b li sh m ents having v a r i e d d iffe re n t ia ls , the amount
applying to a m a j o r it y w a s u s e d o r , if no amount ap plied to a m a jo rit y ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w a s used. In establi sh m ents in which som e
la te - s h ift ho urs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a diffe ren tial w a s r e c o r d e d
only if it ap plie d to a m a j o r i t y of the shift ho urs.
T he scheduled w e e k ly hour s (table B - 3 ) of a m a j o r it y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an establi sh m ent a r e tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office w o r k e r s of that esta blish m en t.
Scheduled
w e e k ly hours a r e those which fu ll -t im e e m p lo y ees w e r e expected to
w o r k , whet her they w e r e paid fo r at s t r a ig h t-t im e or o v ertim e ra tes .
P a id holid ay s; paid vacations ; health, in su ran ce, and pension
plan s; and p r e m i u m pay fo r o v ert im e w o r k (tables B - 4 through B - 7 )
a r e tr eated statis tically on the b a s is that these a r e ap plic able to all
plant or office ,w o r k e r s if a m a j o r it y of such w o r k e r s a r e eligib le or
m a y even tually qualify fo r the p ra c t ic e s listed.
Sums of individual
items in tables B - 2 through B - 7 m ay not equal totals b eca u s e of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B - 4 ) a r e lim it ed to data on h o l i­
days grante d annually on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i.e., (1) a r e p ro v id ed fo r
in w ritten fo r m , or (2) have been es ta b lish ed by custom.
Holi days
o r d in a r il y gr an te d ar e included even though they m a y fa ll on a non­
w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not granted another day off.
The. f i r s t
p art of the paid holidays table p res ents the nu m ber of who le and half
ho liday s actually granted. The second p art combin es whole and half
holiday s to show total holid ay t i m e .

Data on health, in su ran ce, and pensio n plans (table B - 6 ) in ­
clude those plans for which the e m p lo y e r pays at leas t a p a r t of the
cost. Such plans include those u n d e r w ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in su ran ce
company and those pro vid ed through a union fund or paid d ir e c t l y by
•the e m p lo y er out of cu rrent o peratin g funds or f r o m a fund set as id e
fo r this purp ose.
An establi sh m ent w a s c o n s id e r e d to have a plan
if the m a jo rit y of em plo yees w e r e e l ig i b le to be c o v e r e d under the
plan, ev en if l e s s than a m a j o r it y elected to participate b e c a u s e e m ­
plo yees w e r e re q u ir e d to contribute to w a r d the cost of the plan. L e ­
gally r e q u ir e d plans, such as w o r k m e n ' s compensation, s o c ia l s e ­
curity, and r a i l r o a d re tir e m e n t w e r e exclud ed .
Sickness and accident in su ran ce is lim it ed to that type of
in su ra nce under which p r e d e t e r m in e d cash paym ents a r e m ad e d ire c tly
to the insure d on a w eek ly or monthly b a s i s during illn e s s or accident
disability.
Information is p re s e n t e d fo r all such plans to w hich the
em p lo y e r contributes. H o w e v e r, in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , which
have enacted te m p o r a r y dis ab ility in su ran ce l a w s which r e q u i r e e m ­
plo y er co ntrib u tion s,2 plans a r e include d only if the e m p lo y e r (1) con­
tributes m o re than is l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p ro v id e s the em p lo y ee
with benefits which ex ceed the r e q u ir e m e n t s of the law . Ta bula tio ns
of paid sick leave plans ar e lim ited to f o r m a l p la n s 3 which p ro vid e
full pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r ' s pay during ab senc e f r o m w o r k
b ecause of il lness.
Separate tabulations a r e p re s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting p e rio d , and (2) plans
which pro vide either p artia l pay or a w aiting p e rio d .
In addition to
the presentation of the p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id ed
sickness and accident in surance or paid sick l e a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e either or both types of bene fit s.

Catastrophe in su ran ce, s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as m a j o r m e d ­
ical insurance, includes those plans which a r e d esig ned to protect
em plo yees in case of sic kness and in ju ry in vo lving exp enses beyond
the n o rm a l co verage of. ho spita liz ati on, m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l plans.
M e d i c a l insurance r e f e r s to plan s p ro v id in g fo r com plete or p a rt ia l
payment of d octo rs ' fees.
Such plan s m a y be un derw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l insurance companies or no nprofit o rga niz ation s or they m a y
be paid for by the em plo yer out of a fund set asid e fo r this p urpose.
Tabulations of re tir em ent pen sion plan s a r e lim ited to those plans
that pro vid e re g u l a r payments fo r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r ' s life.

The s u m m a r y of vacation plans (table B - 5 ) is lim it ed to a
sta tis ti cal m e a s u r e of vacation p ro v is io n s .
It is not intended as a
m e a s u r e of the p ro p o r tio n of w o r k e r s actually re c e iv in g spe cific b e n e ­
fits. P r o v i s i o n s of an establi sh m ent fo r all lengths of s e r v i c e w e r e
tabulated as applying to all plant or office w o r k e r s of the e s t a b li s h ­
ment, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s fo r payment on
other than a time b a s is w e r e conver ted to a time b a s is ; fo r ex am p le,
a payment of 2 p ercent of annual earnin gs w as co nsid ered as the e q u iv ­
alent of 1 w e e k 's pay. E s tim a te s exclude v a c a tio n - s a v in g s plans and
those which o ffer "extended" or " s a b b a t i c a l " benefits beyond b a s ic
plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths of s e rv i c e . T y p ic a l of such
exclusion s a r e plans in the steel, alum inum , and can industri es.

Data on overt ime p r e m i u m pay (table B - 7 ) , the hours after
which p re m iu m pay is re c e iv e d and the c o rr e s p o n d in g ra te of pay, ar e
p resented by daily and w eek ly p r o v is io n s .
D a i ly o v e rt im e r e f e r s to
w o r k in exce ss of a specified nu m ber of hours a day r e g a r d l e s s of
the nu mber of hours w o rk e d on other days of the pay p eriod . W e e k ly
ov ertim e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s of a s p e c ifi e d nu m ber of hours
per w eek r e g a r d l e s s of the day on which it is p e r f o r m e d , the num ber
of hours per day, or nu mb er of days w o rk e d .

* A n establishment was considered as having a p o licy i f it m et either o f the fo llow in g
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having form al provisions i f it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or ( 2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave ava ila b le to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick lea ve allowances, determ ined on an individual basis, w ere excluded.




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and W o r k e r s W ith in S co p e o f S u r v e y and N u m b e r S tu d ied in P h o e n ix , A r i z . , 1 by M a jo r In d u s try D iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1968
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

Industry division

M i n im u m
employm ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t s in sc op e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f study

Within scope
of study3

Studied
T otal4

Studied

Plant
Number

A l l d i v i s i o n s _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r publ ic u t i l i t i e s 5--------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8-------------------------------------------------------

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

.

493

133

114,300

100

7 2 ,1 0 0

18, 700

71,810

50
-

135
358

41
92

53,10 0
61, 20 0

46
54

33 ,0 00

6, 800
11,900

41,250
30,560

50
50
50
50
50

37
49
147
42
83

17
10
32
13
20

10, 200
5, 300
28, 100
8, 300
9, 300

9
5
25
7
8

5, 100

39,100

( 6)
O

( 6)

2, 300

{V

(

)
)

( 6)

8, 550
1,490
12,020
5, 690
2, 810

1 The P h o e n ix Standard M e tro p o lita n Statistical A r e a ,
as d e f in e d b y the B u r e a u of the B u dg et thr ou gh A p r i l 1967, c o n s is t s of M a r i c o p a County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w i th in sc op e of study"
e s t i m a t e s s ho w n in th is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a te d e s c r i p t i o n of the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n of the l a b o r f o r c e in cl u de d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not inte nd ed , h o w e v e r , to
s e r v e as a b a s i s of c o m p a r i s o n w i t h ot h er e m p l o y m e n t in de x es f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) planning of w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the use of e s ta b l is h m e n t data
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e of the p a y r o l l p e r i o d studied, and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e of the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n of the St a n d a r d In d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M an u al w a s used in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at or abov e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l ou tl et s (w it h in the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s t r ie s as t r a d e , fi n a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a bl is hm en t .
4 I n cl u d es e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and ot he r w o r k e r s ex clu d ed f r o m the s e p a r a t e plant and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d ed .
S e v e r a l e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s (s u pp ly in g l e s s than ha lf the e l e c t r i c c on s u m p ti on in M a r i c o p a Coun ty) w e r e p ub li c ly
o p e r a t e d and e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m the sc op e of the study.
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B ta b le s .
S e p a r a t e p re s e n ta ti o n
of data f o r this d i v i s i o n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s ;
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t s e p a r a t e study, (2) the s a m p le wa s
not d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n ,
(3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f fi c i e n t o r i na de qu at e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n ,
and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of in div id ual
e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m the r e a l e s ta te p o r t i o n o n ly in e s t im a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n of data f o r this d i v i s i o n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of the r e a s o n s g i v e n in fo o tn ot e 6 abo ve .
8 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s and ot her p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , re n t a l , and p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (ex c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s ,




A l m o s t o n e - h a l f of the w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e of the s u r v e y in the P h o e n i x a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u ri n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g ta b l e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y gr o up s
and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t of a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g ;
In d u s t r y gr o u p s

S p e c i f i c i n d u s t r ie s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p lie s ___________________________ 32
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 15
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______ 15
F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____
7
In st ru m e n ts and r e l a t e d
p r o d u c t s __________________________
7
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t i l e
p r o d u c t s __________________________
5
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______
5

E le c tr o n ic components
and a c c e s s o r i e s ________________ 27
A i r c r a f t and p a r t s _______________ 14
O f f i c e and co m pu ti n g
m a c h i n e s ________________________ 13
E n g i n e e r i n g and s c i e n t i f i c
i n s t r u m e n t s _____________________
7

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y as shown in ta bl e 1 a bo ve .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a r e indexes and p erc e n ta g e s of change
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of office c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u st ria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earnin gs of selected plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a gi ven time, e x p r e s s e d as a perc ent of
w a g e s duri ng the b a s e p e r i o d (date of the a r e a s u r v e y conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 f r o m the index
y ie lds the p e rce n tag e change in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the index.
The p e rc e n ta g e s of change o r i n c r e a s e re la te to
w a g e changes betw een the indicated dates.
T h e s e estim ate s a r e
m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; they a r e not intended
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay changes in the es tabli sh m ents in the a r e a .
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h e s e constant w eigh ts re fle ct b a s e y e a r
employments w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) ea r n in g s f o r
each occupation w e r e m ultiplied by the occupationa l weight, and the
produ cts fo r all occupations in the grou p w e r e totaled. The a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 consecutive y e a r s w e r e

r e la t e d

by

div iding

the

a g g r e g a t e fo r

the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g re g a te fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re sultan t
r e la t iv e , l e s s 100 percent, shows the p e rc e n ta g e change. The in dex
is the product of multiplying the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) by the re lativ e
f o r the next succeeding y e a r and continuing to m ultiply (compound )
each y e a r ’ s rela tiv e by the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s index.
A v e r a g e earnin gs
f o r the following occupations w e r e u s e d in computing the w a g e trends:

Each of the se lecte d key occupations within an occupational
group w a s a s s i g n e d a weight b a s e d on its p roportionate em ployment
O ffic e c le r ic a l (men and wom en):
Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffic e boys and girls

Table 2.

O ffic e cle ric a l (m en and w om en)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

S killed maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (au to m o tive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (m en and wom en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes o f Standard W eekly Salaries and S traigh t-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elected Occupational Groups in Phoenix, Ariz. ,
March 1968 and March 1967, and Percents o f Increase for S elected Periods
Indexes
( March 1961=100)

Percents o f increase
March 1966
to
March 1967

March 1965
to
March 1966

March 1963
to
March 1964

March 1962
to
March 1963

3.8
4 .7
6. 5
4.2

1.9
5.2

March 1968

March 1967

131.0

126. 1

3.9

5.8

3.3

3. 1

3.4

(M
122.9
129.4

(M
118.9
122. 4

( 1)
3 .4
5.7

i l)

i1)

(l )

3. 1
4 .4

(* )
3.7
2.4

2. 3
1.8

0

4. 3
2.0
1. 1
7.8

123.6

* 3.5

4.8

3.5

5.0

3.4

2.8

(* )
(M
123.0

(l )

(l )
0)

(!)
( 2)
3.2

(l)

(l )
<
*)

C1)

0)

5.6

4.4

A ll industries:
O ffic e c lerica l (m en and w o m e n )----Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---S killed maintenance ( m e n ) -------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ---------------------Manufacturing:
O ffic e c lerica l (m en and w o m e n )----Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---S killed maintenance (m en ) ------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ----------------------

1 Data do not m eet publication criteria.




127.8
C
1)
( 1)
126.2

J

3.3
2. 6

2.8

March 1961
to
March 1962

March 1964
to
March 1965

March 1967
to
March 1968

Industry and occupational group

( J)
2. 3

.9

( J)
2.9

A p ril 1960
to
March 1961

2.6
(* )
2.8
4. 4

1.9
(M
<M
3 .0

5
F o r office c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial n u rs e s , the w age
trends re la te to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o rm a l w o rk w eek ,
ex clusiv e of ea r n in g s fo r o vert im e.
F o r plant w o r k e r g rou ps , they
m e a s u r e changes in a v e r a g e straig h t-t im e hourly earnin gs, excluding
p r e m i u m p ay ^ fo r o v ertim e and fo r w o r k on weekends, ho lid ays, and
late shifts. The p e rc e n ta g e s a r e b as ed on data for selected key occu­
pations and include m o s t of the n u m erically important jobs within
each group.

Changes in the l a b o r fo rc e can cause in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a v e r a g e s without actual w age changes. It is conceivable
that even though all es ta bli shm ents in an a r e a gave w age in c re a se s,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declined b eca u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g esta blishments
entered the a r e a or expanded their w o r k fo r c e s .
S i m il a r l y , w age s
m a y have r e m a in e d re la t iv e l y constant, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n co n s id er ab ly b eca us e h i g h e r -p a y in g es ta blishments
entered the a r e a .

Lim it ations of D ata
The indexes and p ercentages of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e influenced by:
( l ) ge n e ra l s a l a r y and
w a g e changes, (2) m e r i t or other in crea se s in pay r e ceiv e d by indi­
vidual w o r k e r s w h ile in the same job, and (3) changes in av er a g e
w a g e s due to changes in the lab o r force resulting f r o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r, fo r c e expansio ns, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p lo yed by establishments with different pay le v e ls.




The use of constant em ployment weights elim inate s the effect
of changes in the p ro po rtio n of w o r k e r s re p r e s e n te d in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The p erce ntag es of change r e fle c t only changes
in a v e r a g e pay fo r s tr aigh t-t im e hours.
T hey ar e not influenced by
changes in stan dard w o r k sched ules , as such, or by p re m iu m pay
fo r o vertim e. W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e adjusted to rem ove fr o m
the indexes and perc e ntag es of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

6

A, Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a rc h 1968)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Num be r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings cf—

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

$

60

$

65

70

$

75

$

80

$

85

$

90

$

P

95

100

$

$

105

110

$

115

$

120

I

$

125

I

130

135

$

140

I

145
-

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140 ,145

iJ1■
"
150

and

15 0_over

$
128.00
126.00

40.5
41.0

CLERKS,

40.0 118.00 120.00 1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------

110.50 104.00
99 .50
106.00

94.509 4.50-

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

—
—

—
-

—

40.0

96.50

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 8 . 5 0

-

40.0

70.50

68 .50

65.50-

75.00

6

BILLERS, MACHINE (BIL LIN G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

39.5
39.5

70.50
70.50

71 .5 0
71. 50

67.5067.50-

74.00
74.00

4
4

5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

40. 0
40. 0

—
-

-

ORDER ---------------------------------------

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------------------

—
-

—

98.00

CLERKS,

$

and
under
55

MEN

$

-

1

—

-

3
-

8
8

8
8

4

—
—

2
3

4
3

3

3

—

11
9

-

—

2

—

-

-

5

6

10

19

-

8

1

2

8

2

1

4

—

-

-

—

—

—

3

—

—

—

-

2
2

2

3
—

-

—
-

1

6

3

-

2

-

-

l
-

—

4

3

—
-

10

-

14

—

1

-

-

—
-

-

2
—

WOMEN

110.50 108.50 1 0 2 . 5 0 115.50 117.50 1 0 5 . 5 0 -

124.50
125.50

5

—

1
1

3
3

1
-

-

-

3

3

—

4
-

-

-

1

0

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

—

14

12
12

-

—

—

—

—

1

-

-

-

54
5
49

4
3

10

4

20

3

18

—

9

12
1 2

9

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

101

40.5
40.0
41.0

83.00
94.00
78.50

80.50
97.50
77.5 0

7 3 . 5 0 - 95.50
87.50100.50
7 1 . 0 0 - 84.50

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

29
72

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------—
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

263
67
196
624
138
286

39.5
40.0
39.5

88.50
89.50
87.50

86.50
88.0 0
86.50

7 9 . 0 0 - 96.50
8 1 . 0 0 - 96.50
7 6 . 5 0 - 96.50

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

101

39.5
39.5

80.50
72.00

77 .0 0
70 .5 0

68.0065.00-

92.50
77.00

CLERKS, FI LE , CLASS C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

98
93

6 6.00
65.00

64 .0 0
63 .50

6 2 . 0 0 - 67.50
6 2 . 0 0 - 66.50

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

63
31

41.0
40.0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

113
57
56

40.0
40. 0
40.0

96.50
98.00
95.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

64
49

40. 0
40. 0

86.50
84.50

92.50
96 .50
78 .5 0

7 6 . 0 0 - 91.00
82.00100.00
7 4 . 5 0 - 89.00
7 0 . 5 0 - 92.00

14

20
7
13

13

8 6.00102.50
90.00106.50
7 5 . 5 0 - 86.50

83.0 0
87.00
82.00
77.00

14

16

39.0 108.50 110.00
9 8 . 0 0 - 120.50
40.0 116.00 117.00 1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
39.0 105.50 108.00
9 5.00120.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

16

67

95.00
84.5 0
113.50 115.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

176
129
47

40.0
40.0
40.0

94.50
99.50
80.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------------

214
51
163
29

40. 0
40.0
40.0
40.0

83.50
89.50
82.00
79.50

See footnotes at end of table.




1
l

15
15

13

1

27

1

25

4
17

19
6
13

40
9
31

42
21
21

37
19
18

37
6
31

13
6
7

22

41
5
36

17
17

15
15

16
16

65
65

21

2
70
32
38

79
19
60

10

1

18
18

22

48
22
26

25
19
6

10

8

-

7

2

115.00
132.50

10
5

4
1

97.00
98 .00
96.5 0

87.5091.008 3.50-

103.50
104.50
102.50

2

12

10
9
1

85.00
84.00

81.0081.00-

21
20

9
9

6

-

38
29
9

11

1

10
7

37
2
35
5

24
7

53
16
37

26
25
1

27
7

34
5
293
10

20

2

7

7 4.009 0.00-

95.50
89.50

1

L
-

-

28
12
16

6

6

5
5
19
11
8

7

5

2
2
6
2

2

-

8
6
2

11
11
-

7

14

2

—

2
-

—
-

1
1
—

—

-

—
—

1

4
—

i
-

12
10
2

9

2
2

26
26
-

4
5

—
—

1
i
i
—

—
-

-

-

4
4
—
—
—

6

1
i
—
.

-

12
12
-

—
—
—

—
—

5

-

-

2
2
-

15
15

-

-

-

—
-

—
-

—

-

—
—
—

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s stu died on an a re a b asis
by in du stry d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a rc h 1968)
W
eekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of

Nu mber of workers receiving straight- time weekly earnings of—
$

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
50

Mean2

M
edian 2

M
iddle range 2

$
55

$

$

60

65

$

$
70

75

$
80

$
85

$
90

*
95

$

$
100

105

$

$
115

120

S
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

$
145

and
under

150
and

55

WOMEN -

$
110

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

-

-

-

8
8
-

26
26

~

7
7
5

58
14
44
-

127
50
77
9

115
48
67
9

122
41
81
5

171
73
98
7

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

3
2

-

-

-

-

~

U5.

120

125

130

135

140

145

131
71
60
13

91
67
24
5

88
42
46
11

56
40
16
9

42
20
22
8

48
30
18
4

58
44
14
7

12
6
6
3

8
4
4
2

39
27
12
4

4

_

9
8

3
2

2
2

1
1

4
3

2
1

2
2

8
56

150 over

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES4
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------------

1,207
577
630
101

$
$
39.5 107.00 104.00
40.0 112.00 109.50
39.5 102.50 100.50
40.0 113.00 113.00

$
$
9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 8 . 0 0
9 9 . 0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
8 9 . 5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 7 . 0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

38
27

40.0 130.00 126.00 1 1 6 .5 0 - 1 4 8 .0 0
40.0 132.50 130.00 1 1 8 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

152
69
83
34

40.0 121.00 121.50 1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
40.0 120.00 119.50 1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0
40.0 121.50 123.50 1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 4 . 5 0
40.0 128.00 126.50 1 1 8 .0 0 - 1 3 8 . 0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
—

_
-

_
-

5
5

2
2

3
3

10
6
4
1

16
9
7
2

17
11
6
2

18
10
8
6

19
9
10
5

15
4
11
5

21
13
8
1

13
2
11
7

8
3
5
2

1
1
1

4
2
2
2

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

427
208
219
38

40.0 110.00 106.50
9 9 .0 0 - 1 1 9 . 0 0
40.0 115.00 109.00 1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
39.5 105.00 104.00
9 4 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
40.0 112.50 109.50 1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

-

_
-

“

_
-

_
-

3
3

9
9

21
1
20
1

46
21
25
3

36
12
24
3

79
41
38
3

67
36
31
11

26
12
14
2

45
17
28
4

25
21
4
4

14
5
9
3

14
5
9
2

8
8
-

2
2
-

5
4
1
l

27
23
4
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

590
289
301
26

97.50
39.5
99.50
40.0 107.00 105.00
39.0
92.50
93.50
40.0
90.50
89.00

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 8 . 0 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 7 . 5 0
8 5 .0 0 - 1 0 1 . 0 0
8 6 . 0 0 - 98.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7
5

8
8

23
23
-

49
14
35
-

98
48
50
8

67
27
40
6

83
29
54
2

82
26
56
3

44
22
22
-

48
44
4
1

16
14
2
1

9
9

11
11
-

12
12
-

33
33
-

—
-

_
-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT I E S 3--------------

306
91
215
71

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

88.50
93.50
86.50
91.50

88.00
94.00
83.50
90.00

7 8 . 5 0 - 97.00
8 7 . 0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
7 5 . 5 0 - 95.00
8 2 . 0 0 - 98.00

-

_
-

-

20
l
19

35
2
33
4

32
7
25
6

53
9
44
20

23
11
12
6

48
19
29
6

49
17
32
21

20
12
8
1

6
6
-

3
3

1
1

7
1
6
6

3
3
-

-

_
—
“

-

_
-

-

6
6
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

525
303
222

40.0
99.00
40.0 103.00
39.5
93.50

95.50
99.50
92.50

8 9 . 0 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 1 5 . 0 0
8 6 . 5 0 - 99.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

8
8

17
17

31
20
11

88
34
54

106
70
36

77
32
45

42
33
9

33
18
15

29
21
8

36
26
10

29
29
-

4
1
3

22
19
3

_
-

_
-

-

_

-

“•

“

-

-

-

-

1

-

CLASS A -------

35

40.0

96.00

95.00

9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 3 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

1

4

1

3

9

4

8

1

1

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

157
150

41.5
42.0

70.50
69.00

69.50
69.00

60.0059.50-

78.00
76.50

20
20

20
20

9
9

32
32

28
28

17
15

15
13

9
8

1
1

-

-

-

5
3

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

1
1

“

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

152
62
90

39.0
40.0
38.5

82.50
80.00
84.00

82.00
82.00
82.00

75.0079.0073.00-

87.00
84.00
91.50

-

_
“

_
-

4
4

36
7
29

18
11
7

50
37
13

15
6
9

21
21

“

4
1
3

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

TYP ISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

69
44
25

40.0
40.0
40.0

98.50 102.00
8 6 .0 0 - 1 1 0 . 5 0
105.50 107.00 10 1.0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
83.50
7 6 . 0 0 - 92.50
86.00

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

5

-

3
3

2
3

6
6

3
1
2

8
3
5

3
3
~

11
10
1

9
9
-

11
11
-

490
181
309

39.5
A0. 0
39.5

_
-

_

115
1
114

62
7
55

52
19
33

86
50
36

55

22
22

21
21

19
19

4
4

1
1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

TYP ISTS , CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING1
5
4
3
2

78.00
88.00
72.00

76.50
87.00
69.50

68.0082.0066.00-

85.00
95.00
76.50

-

53
53

37
18

_

~

_

_

4

-

-

~

_

-

~

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

_
~

~

2
2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all wo rkers and dividing by the number of wor ke rs .
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the work er s earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include wo rk er s other than those presented separately.
5 Worke rs w e re distributed as follows:
2 at $150 to $160; 3 at $160 to $170; and 1 at $180 to $190.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A ve ra ge straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, A r iz . , Ma rc h 1968)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Number of workers receiving; straight- time weekly earnings of—

M ean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

'
190

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

195

2
2

10
9

11
11

10
10

23
22

11
9

17
16

3
3

1
1

2
1

5
5

9
8

4
4

1
1

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

$

$

$

$

*

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

105

$
95

$

$

100

2
1

$
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

and
100

HEN

DRAFTSMEN, tl A S S A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

97
90

40. 0
40.0

$
$
$
$
163.50 163.00 1 5 5 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
163.50 163.00 1 5 5 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

93
91

40.0
40. 0

137.00 135.00 1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
136.50 134.50 1 2 3 .5 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

71
59

40.0
40.0

119.00 115.50 1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
117.50 113.50 1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

2
2

31
30

40.0
40.0

128.00 124.50 1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
128.50 1 2 5 . CO 1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

-

1
1
15
15

_

8
7

_

4
4

10
10

11
11

11
11

10
10

10
9

5
5

12
12

10
9

8
6

4
3

4
3

7
5

2

4
2

3
3

_

4
4

1

5
4

10
10

3
3

1
1

1
1

6
6

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1
1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates) , and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of te rms, see footnote 2, table A - l .




9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a rc h 1968)
Average
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
( standard! (standard)

Average

O '- r

upation and industry division

OFFICE OCCU

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE ( 8 I L L IN G
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

29
29

39.5
39.5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

57
45

40.0 110.50
40.0 115.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

108
29
79

40.5
40.0
41.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

308
81
227

39.5 108.50
40.0 116.50
39.0 106.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1
2---------------------------

451
147
304
26

39.5
90.00
40.0
91.00
39.5
89.50
40.0 121.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

103
67

39.5
39.5

80.50
72.00

CLERKS, FI L E , CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

98
93

39.0
39.0

66.00
65.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

136
49
87

40.5
40.0
40.5

96.50
112-00
88.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

118
60
58

40.0
40.0
40.0

97.00
99.00
95.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

64
49

40.0
40.0

86.50
84.50

79.00
79.00

82.50
94.00
78.50

T IONS -

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ------ --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

177
130
47

4C.0
40.0
40.0

$
94.50
99.50
80.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

214
51
163
29

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

83.50
89.50
82.00
79.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

35

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

157
150

41.5
42.0

70.50
69.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

44
30

40.0
40.0

71.00
68.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

152
62
90

39.0
40.0
38.5

82.50
80.00
84.00

SECRETARIES3----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

1,207
577
630

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

107.00
112.00
102.50
113.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

69
44
25

40.0
40 .0
40.0

98.50
105.50
86.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC UT I LI T IE S 2--------------------------

495
181
314
30

39.5
40.0
39.5
40 .0

78.00
88.00
72.50
80.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

99
92

40.0
40.0

163.00
163.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

104
102

40.0
40.0

136.00
135.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

75
63

40.0
40.0

118.50
117.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -----------------------------------

26

40 .0

106.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

32
31

40.0
40.0

128.50
129.00

101
38
27

40.0 130.00
40.0 132.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

152
69
83
34

40.0 121.00
40.0 120.00
40.0 121.50
40.0 128.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING - - PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S ■

427
208
219
38

40.0 110.00
40.0 115.00
39.5 105.00
40.0 112.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

590
289
301
26

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

99.50
107.00
92.50
89.00

306
91

39.5
40.0
39.5

88.50
93.50
86.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
NDNMANUFACTURING ----

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

525
3,-3
222

$
40 .0
99.00
40.0 103.00
39.5
93.50
96.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates),
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 M ay include w ork ers other than those presented separately.




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

o
o

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

and the earnings

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Aver ag e straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar ch 1968)
Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Num be r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
2. 1 0

w
orkers

Mean1 M
2
3 edian 2

M
iddle range 2

$
$
2.20 2.30

$
.40 2. 50

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 60 2.70 2. 8 0 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3..30 3.4 0

2.30 2.40

.50 2 .6 0 2. 70 2.80 2 -9 0 3.00

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

45
30

$
3.63
3.71

$
3.82
3.83

$
$
3 . 2 3 - 3.88
3 . 6 0 - 3.87

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ---------------------

187
133

3.87
3.71

3.82
3.76

3 . 5 9 - 4.31
3 . 4 6 - 3.87

-

STATIONARY ----------

46

3.29

3.34

2.68-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

114
47
67

2.64
2.48
2.74

2. 59
2.44
2.84

2 . 4 1 - 2.93
2 . 3 3 - 2.58
2 . 5 6 - 2.94

8
8
-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

106
91

3.89
3.84

4.00
3.94

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S3----------

174
44
130
103

3.47
3.35
3.51
3.52

3.55
3.27
3.63
3.81

3.093.223.073.05-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

255
249

3.47
3.46

3.52
3.52

3 . 2 7 - 3.58
3 . 2 7 - 3.58

OILERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

41
41

2.81
2.81

2.93
2.93

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

118
118

3.95
3.95

4.06
4.06

3.10 3. 20 3 ,30

3, ■
40

3.5 0

6
6

-

-

16
16

9
4

17
17

3 . 7 5 - 4.07
3 . 7 4 - 4.05

3.86

-

~

_

_

“

2
1

-

1
-

-

-

_

_

-

“

1
1

-

-

2

-

1
1
-

19
11
8

9
9
-

24
9
15

_

12

1

7

-

-

-

7

_

-

“

4
4
-

_

_

_

-

“

10
10

2
2

_

-

1
1

2 . 6 5 - 3.12
2 . 6 5 - 3.12

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

3 . 8 5 - 4.21
3 . 8 5 - 4.21

_

_

-

_

_

1
1

-

holidays,

-

-

3 ,60 3 .70 3.80

3 .9 0 4.0 0 4 . 1 0 4.2 0 4. 4Q_ 4 . 6 0

and late shifts.

-

_

-

2
2

-

1

1

-

3

2

4

11
1
10

27
1
26

1
1
-

6
6

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1
-

10
10
10

22
7
15
15

8
8
8

24
20
4
4

4
4
-

49
49

12
12

22
22

-

~

“

~

2
2

1
1

41
41

23
23

3
3

4
4

19
19

49

-

-

1

4

-

7

8

-

-

-

-

—

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

-

27
27

4
4

8
8

40
40

-

13

-

“

13
13
5

14
14
-

8
8
-

19
19
19

5
4
1
-

34
34
34

-

“

“

21
21

98
98

5
5

17
13

2
2

2
2

15
13

-

3
3

3
3

2
2

2
2

7
7

24
24

10
10

12
12

23
23

31
31

-

5
5

1
l

5

“

-

1
“

-

—
-

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
2 F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

3
1

-

_

3.88
3.72
4.01
4.03

%
$
$
$
$
$
3 .8 0 3.90 4 .0 0 4.1 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

and
under
2. 20

ENGINEERS,

$
$
$
3 .50 3 .60 3.70

8

_

5

1

8
8

-

_

-

13
13

2
2

3
3

3
3

12
12

-

6
6

-

-

~

"
_

12
12

_

_

1

-

-

_

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a rc h 1968)
Number of workers receiving straight -time hourly earnings of—

H ourly e arn in gs1
2

$
1.10

N um ber

Occupation1 and industry division
M e an 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle range3

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20

1.30

1.40 1.50

1.60

-

-

~

“

1.70 1.80

2.10 2.20 2.30 2,40 ..2-50
23
22
1

-

22

!

3

2

1

35
14
21

39
32
7

29
25
4

57
30
27

76
75
1

12
8
4
_

_

$
1.662.151.63-

$
2.93
3. 16
1.73

~

“

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

152

2.82

2.95

2 . 6 2 - 3.20

-

-

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

926
255
671

1.85
2.22
1.71

1.77
2.26
1.74

1 . 7 1 - 2.05
2 . 0 3 - 2.37
1 . 6 7 - 1.79

8
8

4
4

19
19

38
38

20
20

12
12

6
6

_

.

_

“

-

-

71
70

37
37

2
2

7
7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

39
39

46
36
10

112
9
103

33
6
27

31
9
22

_

_

2
2

6
6

20
20

10
10

1
l
5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT I E S 4--------------------------

1,022
356
666
50

2.49
2.46
2.50
3.15

2.48
2.62
2.45
3.41

2.082.151.952.98-

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

369
303

2.95
2.99

3.13
3.18

2 . 6 9 - 3.34
2 . 7 8 - 3.35

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

101
97

2.51
2.50

2.71
2.72

2 . 2 5 - 2 .7 7
2 . 2 4 - 2. 77

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

70
56

2.66
2.72

2.69
2.75

2 . 1 9 - 3.18
2 . 2 5 - 3.32

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

40
33

2.46
2.43

2.38
2.36

2 . 1 8 - 2.64
2 . 1 6 - 2.48

2.81
2.72
3.05
3.45

3.60 3,80 4.p0

4
1
3

$
2.02
2.86
1.67

1 . 6 3 - 1.76
1 . 6 2 - 1.74

2-60

7
3
4

$
2.22
2.67
1.71

1.68
1.67

$
$
$
3.40 3.60 3.80

2.00

343
181
162

1.67
1.61

$
$
$
$
$
$
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.8 0 3 .00 3.20

1.90

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

147
134

$
2.40

“

1.20

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

$
2.30

and
under

4
4

128
18
110

114
6
108

25
1
24

1

3

357
7
350

79
26
53

_

8
1
7

5
3
2

10
10

_

8

75
58
17

7
1
6

3
3
-

1
1

_

2
2

-

15
15

1
1

1
1

14
14

6
6

5
5

2
1

1
1

-

_
-

32
32
-

2

2
1
1

2
2

2 • 7 0 _ 2,80

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

_

_

-

~

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----------

74

2.85

2.78

40
40
”

2
2

-

28

38

-

-

-

2
2
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

“

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

-

_
_

19
16
3

9
9
~

27
26
1

28
28

2

16

9

26

15
10
5

21
20
1

1
1

_
-

1

_

1

-

3.07
3.25
2.97
3.37

3.25
3.44
3.21
3.46

2.672.912.593.25-

3.52
3.66
3.47
3.56

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

~

“

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

269
125
144

2.34
2.59
2.13

2.45
2.78
2.41

1 . 8 7 - 2.76
2 . 5 9 - 2.88
1 . 8 4 - 2.46

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------------

386
351
151

2.96
2.97
3.34

2.96
2.96
3.53

2 . 9 0 - 3.51
2 . 9 1 - 3.52
3 . 4 3 - 3.57

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4---------------------------

653
399
151

3.27
3.14
3.50

3.46
3.42
3.49

2 . 6 9 - 3.65
2 . 6 1 - 3.49
3 . 4 4 - 3.64

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

“

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------

476

3.37

3.29

141
130

2.65
2.68

2.82
2.82

2 . 1 4 - 3.03
2 . 1 6 - 3.03

-

34
31
3
-

107
101
6
-

58
56
2
~

67
26
41
4

23
5
18
12

142
14
128

26
26
26

12
12

4
4

40
4

27
18

40
28

58
54

125
120

22
22

_

4
4

1
1

3
3

4
-

47
47

9
9

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

6
5

1
1

_

6
6

5
4

_

13
7

5
5

16
16

_

_

_

-

9
9

1
“

9
9

6
6

1
-

4
-

1
1

_

5
5

_

46

21

-

20
20
-

10
10
-

25
25
~

88
—
88
8

88
4
84
4

93
6
87
17

*'»
42
12
12

208
47
161
9

24
15
9
~

10
10

_

4
4

1
1

40
40

42
42

10
10

~

~

80
80

4
4
4

36
31
17

2

-

-

—

161
157
5

_

-

8
8
8

_

-

"*

~

80
80

32
32

1
1
“

3 . 2 4 - 3.52

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

2
2

219
1
218
8

2 . 7 4 - 2.93

1,885
647
1,238
548

“

~

_
-

_
-

53
9
44

“

~

_

_

-

29
9
20

_

-

24
24

9
9

_

29
29

~

61
9
52
~

-

~

_

_

_

~

-

-

_

_

_

12

-

-

-

-

53
9
44

8
8
“

8
8

1
1

6
6

_

~

~

32
~

8
-

4
4

12
4

31
31

~

-

_

_

_

_

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

“

1
“

4
4
4

-

310
82
228
164

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

~
_
481
132
349
264

5

-

241
171
70
70

68
68
~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

114
108
107

16
10
10

-

35
35
~

216
171
87

161
60
60

68
-

64

-

-

-

~

“

14
_

Data limited to men w or k er s except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Fo r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d ri ve rs , as defined, reg ard less of size and type of truck operated.




3 .20 3.40

2

_
-

TRUCKDRIVERS5 ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

3-00

-

11

236

151

-

-

~

~

37
37

12
12

6
3

20
20

_

~

~

12

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n of e s t a b l is h m e n t s studied in a l l in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m en tr a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
of i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r c h 1968)
Ot h e r i n e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r i e n c e d t yp ist s

M i n im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
s ch edu les

40

All
sch edu les

N on m an u fa ct u ri n g

we
B a s e d on s ta nd ar d ^ ek ly hours 3 of —

A ll
in du st rie s

B a se d on st andard w e e k l y hours 3 of—

All
i n d u st ri es

M a n u f a c tu ri n g

No n ma n u fa ct u rin g

M a n u fa c tu ri n g

All
s c he d ul e s

40

40

All
sch ed ule s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died -------------------------------------------------

133

41

XXX

92

XXX

133

41

XXX

92

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _________________

26

14

34

28

1
2
21
3
2
2
1
1
-

1
19
2
1
2
1
1
-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

55.00
5 7.50
60.00
62.50
65.00
67.50
70.00
72.50
75.00
77.50
80.00
82.50
85.00
87.50
$ 90.00
$ 92.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

57.50------------------------------------------------60.00------------------------------------------------62.50------------------------------------------------65.00________________________________ ______
67.50------------------------------------------------70.00______________________________________
72.50__________________________________ —
75.00______________________________________
77.50--------------------------- --------------------80.00------------------------------------------------82.50______________________________________
85.00------------------------------------------------8 7. 50__ __________________________________
90.00 ________________________________________________
92.50 ________________________________________________
95.00 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

9

9

I7

14

48

14

_

-

-

-

-

-

15
2
2
1

3
1

3
1

12
2
2

11
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
1

1
2
1

1
2
1

-

-

-

-

3
1
1
3
1
2
2
1

3
1
1
3
1
2
2
1

-

-

-

1
2
24
4
3
5
2
3
2
1

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

"

1

1

XXX

17

8

XXX

9

XXX

XXX

67

18

XXX

49

XXX

1

1

XXX

1

1

E s t a b li s h m e n t s ha v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------------------

11

8

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

96

24

Dat a not a v a i l a b l e ________________________________________________________________

-

XXX

3

XXX

72

XX X

1
j

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b li s h e d m i n i m u m st a rt i n g ( h ir in g) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e paid f o r
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
Da ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll st a nd a rd w o r k w e e k s co m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t an da rd w o r k w e e k re p o r t ed .




standard w o r k w e e k s .

XXX
XXX




13

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount of differen tial,
Phoenix, A r iz . , M a rc h 1968)
P ercen t of manufacturing plant w o rk e rs—
In establishm ents having fo rm al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
w ork

T otal_____________

_______ _____

„

_______ _

T h ird or other
shift w ork

A ctually working on—

Second shift

Th ird or other
shift

94. 2

82. 5

21. 5

10. 3

__

89.8

82. 5

20. 2

10. 3

U n iform cents (p er h o u r)-------------------------------

41. 2

22. 3

9. 2

2. 1

4 cents _. --- ---------------------- ---- ----------5 cents _ ____ _____
_______ __
6 ce n ts------------ ------------------- ---------------6 V2 cents_______ ___________________ _____ _
7 c en ts_______________________________ _____ ,
8 cents ---------------------------------- ------------ 9 cents____________ __ ----------------- — — _
10 cents... ____ ___ _______________ ______
12 cents____ —
------ ---------------- 1234 ce n ts____________________________________
/
14 cents---------------- ------------------15 cents______________________________________
18 cents___
- ------- _ — ----------- - _
2 0 cents.. ____
____ _ — ___
_______
25 cents________________
_______
___ .

2. 0

3. 3
1. 0
.9
3. 0
4. 7
6. 1
6. 5
1. 5
.9
6. 1
3.9
1. 3

_
.5
2. 0
2. 5
1.9
5.4
5. 1
.9
.2
1. 6
2. 2

.5
.2
.2
.3
1. 7
1. 2
1. 6
.5
2. 1
.7
.2

____________

38. 6

11. 5

9.9

.8

---- -----------

38. 6

11. 5

9.9

.8

_
With shift pay d iffere n tia l____ ______

U n iform perc en ta ge __
10 percent------

_.

F u ll day's pay for reduced h ou rs..

___

_
.5
.2
.3
1. 1
-

----------

7. 1

8. 0

.8

-

F u ll day's pay for reduced hours plus
cents d iffe r e n tia l_______
----- __ --------

1. 1

13. 7

. 1

1. 0

.7

27. 1

-

6. 5

F u ll day's pay for reduced hours plus
percent differentia]__________ ___ _________
Other fo rm al pay differentia]_____________

1. 0

.2

With no shift pay d iffere n tia l-----------------------------

4. 4

1.4

1
Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l provision s covering late shifts
even though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.

14
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istribu tion of plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry division s by scheduled w e e k ly hours 1
o f fir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s , Ph oen ix, A r i z . , M a rch 1968)
Plan t w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk e rs

W eek ly hours
A ll in d u stries 1
2

M anufacturing

100

100

4
73
2
5
1
15
1

5
94
1
-

Public u t ilit ie s 3

100

36i/ hQurs
37Vz h o u rs ----- — ___ ______ __ ----- ------40 h o u rs ______________ _
______
— ----O ver 40 and under 44 hou rs__________
________
44 h o u rs ----------------------- ---------------- — —
O ver 44 and under 48 h ou rs_____________ ________
48 h o u rs--------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

-

88
-

9
2

A ll in du stries 4

100
1
7
89
2
1
( 5)
1

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

100

(* )
99
-

-

Scheduled hours a re the w e e k ly hours which a m a jo rity of the fu ll- tim e w o rk e rs w e re expected to w ork, whether they w e re paid fo r at s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e rtim e ra te s .
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, re a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those indu stry division s shown sep ara tely.
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; re ta il tra d e; fin ance, in su rance, and re a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 percen t.




100

-

99
1
-

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t distribu tion of plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivis io n s by number o f paid holidays
p rovid ed annually, Ph oenix, A r i z . , M a rch 1968)
O ffic e w ork ers

Plant w ork ers
Item

A l l w o r k e r s ---------- -------------

A ll in d u s trie s 1

------ _ _

W o r k e rs in esta blish m en ts p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s __ __________ ________________________
W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rovid in g
no paid h olidays __ ----__ __ _____ __ ___

Manufacturing

Pu blic u t ilit ie s 1
2

A ll in d u s trie s 3

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

89

100

100

99

11

1
8
2
1
26
1
16
26
3
5
-

_
1
*
17
3
«
20
43
6
10
-

_
5
7
33
49
51
77

_
10
15
58
79
82
99
99
99
100
100
100

100

_

"

_

‘

100

( 4)

_
( 4)
15
( 4)
1
3
47
10
23
-

7
6
87
-

_
23
33
80
84
85
99
99
99
100
100
100

_
87
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100

N u m ber o f days
! hoi iday____________________________________________
2 h o lid a y s ___
__ __ _ _______
_
__
3 h o lid a y s ____
____
___
____ _____
4 h o lid a y s ________ _____ ___________ ________ __ _
5 h o lid a y s ___ ____________ ____ ___ ________
r7
m
.
6 h o lid a y s _____ _________ ____ __
6 h olida ys plus 1 h a lf day______________________ _
6 h olida ys plus 2 h alf d a y s ____ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ ________
_ _
7 h o lid a y s __________ __
8 h olida ys _
_
___
8 h olida ys plus 1 h a lf day__ _ _____ _
__
9 h olida ys _________________________________ ________
10 h o lid a y s .. __ ____ _____ __
_________ ___
11 h olid a y s------------------------------------------------------

10
16
74
"

4)
( 4)
1
45
( 4)
1
8
29
4
9
3
1

_
74
90
90
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
4
13
16
45
53
53
98
98
98
98
99
99

0

T o ta l h olid a y tim e 5
,, ^ y c
10 days or m o re _ __ _ — - __
___ __ _
9 days or m o re ___ __ _____
-— ____ __ __
8V2 days o r m o r e . __ — - __ __ _______ _ 8 days or m o r e . . ___
_
_
_ _
7 days o r mnr<» ____________________ .______________
6V2 days o r m o r e —
------ __ __ ______
6 days o r m o r e __
__ _
_ _ ___ __ __
____
5 days o r m o r e —__
_____
_—
— _ ____ _
4 days o r m o r o ________ ___ ____ _____ __________ ___
3 days o r m o re —__ _____ __ _ _ ___ __ _____ _
2 days o r m o re
_ _
_ __
„ _ __ __
1 day or m o re — _
_ ____ ___ ____ _ _ _ _ _

1
2
3
4
5
no h alf

78
78

80
88

89

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, re ta il tra d e, re a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilities.
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; re ta il tra de; fin ance, insu rance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown sep ara te ly.
L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.
A l l com bin ation s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the same amount a re com bined; fo r exam ple, the p rop o rtio n of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g a total of 9 days includes those with 9 fu ll days and
days, 8 fu ll days and 2 h a lf days, 7 fu ll days and 4 half days, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s then w e re cumulated.




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
(P e r c e n t distribu tion o f plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry division s by vacation pay
p r o v is io n s , P h oen ix, A r iz . , M a rc h 1968)
O ffic e w o rk e rs

Plant w o rk ers
Vacation p o lic y

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilitie s 3

100

100

100

99
99
1
-

99
99
1
-

100
97
3
-

( 5)

( 5)

44
2

3
43
6

3
37
11

_
65
( 5)

45
2
52

58
39
2

28
71
-

9
91
•

76
24

29
5
51
15

18
11
39
31

25
73
2

6
1
80
13

3
1
59
36

7
93
-

12
2
69
16

6
4
55
33

_
93
7

1
1
84
14

_
97
3

-

-

-

( 5)

1
1
61
36
1

A ll in d u stries2

A ll w o r k e r s ______

__

____________________

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

99
93
5
1

99
95
4
-

100
83
17
-

1

1

3
18
3

2
29
6

67
1
31
( 5)

A ll in d u stries4

M ethod o f paym ent

W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
paid vacation s______________ ______
— ____
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a ym en t___________ — —
P e rc e n ta g e paym ent______ ______
______
O th e r___________________________________________
W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
no paid vacation s_________ _____________ ___

Am ount o f vacation p a y 6

A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek____ _ _______________ __________
1 w eek-------------- ------------ -------------- -------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s --- ---- -------- ------

_

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_______ __ __________________-_____________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s __ __________ ___________ _ — ---O ver 2 and under 3 weeks _ ___ __ -----— . -—

A ft e r 2 ye a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________ ____ _
_____
2 w e e k s ____ ___ ___ ________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s . ______ _
___

A ft e r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_______________________________ _ — -------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____-_________ __________ ______________—___

-

A ft e r 4 ye a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek— _ ---------------------------------------- -------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks _ _____ __ ___
__ ___ — ____ __ —
____ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks __ ____ —_____
______ __ ___
________
3 w e e k s _______

See footnotes at end of table,




12
2

69
16

6

_

1
1

4
55

93

84

33

7

14
( 5)

1
1
61
36
1

_

97
3

17

Table B-5. Paid V acation s'----Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1968)
Office w o r k e r s

Plant w o r k e r s
Vaca tio n pol ic y
A l l in dus tri es2

Ma nu facturing

Public utilities3

All i n d u s t r i e s4

(5)
80
14
5

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Am oun t of vacation pay 6 Continued
—

A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s --------- -----------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un de r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

8
1
70
16
5

_
2
59
35
4

87
7
6

8
36
1
52
1
2

_
23
2
73
1

_
15
2
80
2

-

-

_

1

1
55
36
7

92
3
5

10
89
1

_
6
94

10
89
1

1
98

8
87
6

1
96
3

A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and und er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and unde r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

1
28
70
( 5)
1

(5)
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

8
35
1
53
1
2

23
2
73
1

_
1
2
95
2

"

“

8
33
1
52
1
6

_
22
2
69
1
5

1
2
81
16

1
11
80

7
33
1
26
1
31
1

_
22
2
31
l
42
1

_
1
2
18
78

1
11
28
59
(5)

8
28
64

1
12
86

( 5)

-

7
33
1
23
1
33

.
22
2
27
1
44

1
11
25
61

8
25
63
4

1
12
86
-

1
27
71
( 5)
1

( 5)
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ----------------- ---------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

( 5)
7

A f t e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w eek s _ ______________________
4 week s r--------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and un de r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

2

4

1
2
18
78
-

( 5)
2

18
Table B-5. Paid V acation s1
----Continued
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1968)
O ffice w o rk e rs

Plant w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll in d u s trie s 1
2

M a n u f a c t u ri n g

Public u t ilitie s 3

A l l i n d u s t r i e s 45

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f va c a ti o n pa y 6 Co ntinued
—

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un de r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ________________________________________________

_

_

22
2
27
1
44
4

7
33
1
23
1
33
2

1
2
18
-

1
11

_

-

8

-

-

18

25

1
12

-

78

67
2

-

.

22
2
27
1
44
4

1
2
18
78

1
11
18
67

-

-

63
4

86

j
M a x i m u m va c a ti o n a v a i l a b l e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un de r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s
----- -----------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________ — -----------------O v e r 6 w e e k s __________________________________________

7
33
1
23
1
33

2

-

2

-

8
25
63
4

-

1
12
86
-

<)
5
________________________________ 1

1 Inc lu de s b a s i c plans onl y. E x c lu d e s plans such as v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s and t h os e plans w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fi t s be y on d b a s i c p lan s to w o r k e r s w it h q u a l if y i n g le ngt hs
of s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f such e x c l u s i o n s a r e plans in the s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and can i n d u s t r ie s .
2 Inc lu d es data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad ditio n to th os e i n d u st ry d iv i s i o n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and ot h er pu bli c u t i l i t i e s .
4 In clu d es data fo r w h o l e s a l e tr a de ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad dition to those in d u st ry d i v is io n s sho wn s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 Inc lu d es p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv al e n t t i m e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
of annual ea r n in g s wa s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s pay .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h os en a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id ua l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the
changes in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t ed at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e inc lu de chan ges in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b et w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim ates a re cumulative.
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
pay o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i ncl ud es t ho se e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P e r c e n t of plant and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
hea lth , i n s u r a n c e , or p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , 1 P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r c h 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

Office w o rk ers

T y p e o f b en e fi t
A l l i n d u s t ri e s 1
2

M a n u fa c t u r i n g

Public u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll industries 4

M a n u f a c tu ri n g

Pu bl ic u ti li ti e s

100

100

100

100

98

87

97

100

95

94

63

77

95

79

74

84

84

92

94

98

S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
S ic k l e a v e (f u ll pa y and no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
S i c k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l pa y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________

52

80

26

51

90

6

20

23

34

62

70

28

15

2

33

15

2

63

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e __________________________ ___
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ___________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p en s io n _______________________________
N o he alt h, i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n plan_______

93
93
85
75
46
5

98
98
89
75
48
2

97
97
94
97
82
1

98
98
91
91
67
2

100
100
96
92
54

99
99
96
99
89
1

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l de ath and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e or
s ic k l e a v e or both 5_____________________________

87
72

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :

1 I nc lu d es t h o s e pl an s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a part of the cost is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c ep t t h os e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , such as w o r k m e n ’ s c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n cl u d es data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s shown s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and oth er pu bli c u t il i t i es .
4 I n cl u de s dat a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin an ce , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e st a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a ddi ti on to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s shown s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p li c a te d to t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g sic k l e a v e or s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to th os e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s ta b li s h at leas t
the m i n i m u m n u m b e r of da y s* p a y that can be e x p e c t e d by each e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s ic k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e xc lu d ed .




20

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p lan t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y o v e r t im e p r e m iu m p a y
p r o v is io n s , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r e m iu m p a y p o lic y
A l l in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o rk e rs -

------------------------

-----------------

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 1
2

A l l in d u s tr ie s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

67

94

93

67

94

91

67

94

93

67

94

91

1
66

2
92

( 5)
67
-

( 5)
94
_

91
_

-

89
2
2

-

-

-

D a ily o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s -------- _ -------- ------------------T im e and o n e - h a l f ----------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
7 V2 h o u r s _________________ ___________ ___
8 h o u r s ------------- ------------ -------------- ---8 V3 h o u r s __ ______________ ___________________
10 h o u r s ________ _ _______________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e p a y
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 --------------- ------- -------

0

( 5)

----

-

33

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r t im e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s ---------------------------------------------

-

W e e k ly o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a t e s

93

100

100

99

100

100

T im e and o n e - h a l f --------- ------- ------------ _
E f f e c t i v e a ft e r :
3 7 V2 h o u r s __ ______
_______ _____ __
40 h o u r s ----------- - ------- -------- - 42 h o u r s _______ _______ _ — __
_ _
44 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------

93

100

100

99

100

100

2
81
10

4
96

-

-

( 5)

-

O th e r p r e m iu m r a t e s ----------

( 5)

---------- ---------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r t im e p a y
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 ---- —
— ---------

-

( 5)
99

-

( 5)
97
2

-

_

1

-

-

-

99

100

—

1 Includes data fo r w h o l e sa l e tra de , re ta il tr a d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 Includes data for w h o l e sa l e trad e; re ta il tra de ; finance, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown s e p ar at el y .
4 Includes w o r k e r s in estab lis hm en ts c o ve r e d by le g isl a ti v e r e q u ir e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m pay for ov ertim e, even though such w o r k e r s act ual ly do not w o r k o ve rt im e.
Grad uat ed
prov isions fo r p r e m iu m pay a re c l a ss if i e d under the f i r s t effective p r e m i u m rate. F o r e x am ple , a plan calling for time and one -h al f after 8 and double tim e afte r 10 ho urs wo uld be con si d er ed
as time and o n e- ha lf after 8 h ou rs .
S im i la r l y , a plan calling for no pay or pay at a r e g u l a r rate after 35 hours and time and one -h al f after 40 ho ur s wo u ld be c o ns id er ed as tim e and o n e- h al f
after 40 hour s.
5 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes w o r k e r s in estab lis hm en ts exempt f r o m le g is la t iv e re qu ir e m e n ts r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m pay fo r o vertim e and w h e r e , as a ma tter of po licy, o v e rt i m e is not wo rk ed .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude woiking supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter.
May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type o f machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc.
Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies of the
b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A.
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’ s busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting cleiks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filin g system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C.
Performs routine filin g of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, woik requires application

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—-Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Woiking from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Woriks fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a ) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f com­
parable nature and difficulty. The woik typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures reFated to the woik o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled " secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a ) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial woik.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ic e president," though normally indicative of this role, does n otin all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, OOP but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (imm ediately below the corporate
officer leve l) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
hoard or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24
SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer leve l)
over either a major corporate - wi de functional activity ( e . g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent lev e l of o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in leg a l briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy.
May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific le v e l situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this leve l
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this lev e l of supervisory or nonsupervisory w oiker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo ­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll­
time assignment. ( M
FullM telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a singler or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ( " Lim ited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or i f the requests are routine,
e. g. , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker* s time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work.
The work typically involves portions o f a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision o f the work and production of a group o f tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filin g records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26
PROFESSIONAL AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application o f most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes.
Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and Sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes'scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records o f patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STA TIO N AR Y
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, S TA TIO N AR Y BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesseT skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(D ie

maker; jig

maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

30
ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items fille d or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
die merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places o f business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer capacity. )
Truck driver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t-----

Th e eighth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r accountants, au d itors,
a tto rn e y s , ch em ists, e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g tech n icia n s, d ra fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , job analysts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o f f ic e
s e r v i c e s , b u yers, and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as B LS B ulletin 1585, N ation al S u rvey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1967.
F i f t y cents
a copy.




A re a W age Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of e a r li e r studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
availa ble on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or fr o m any of the B LS re gional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, July 1967 1_________________________________
A lb any—
Schenectady—T r o y , N .Y . , Apr. 1967 ___________
Albuquerque, N. M e x . , A pr. 1967 ______________________
Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, P a .— J . ,
N.
Feb. 1967 __________________________________________________
Atlanta, G a . , May 1967 ------------------------------------------------B altim ore, M d . , Oct. 1967_______________________________
Beaumont—P o r t A rthur— range, Tex., May 1967 ____
O
Bir m in gh am , A la ., A p r . 1967 1__________________________
B oise City, Idaho, July 1967_____________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Sept. 1967 1------------------------------------------

1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-53,
1530-71,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N . Y . , Dec. 1967__ —______________________________
Burlington, V t . , M ar. 1968_______________________________
Canton, Ohio, A p r . 1967_________________________________
Charlesto n, W. V a . , A pr. 1967 _________ ________________
Charlotte, N .C ., A pr. 1967 ______________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a., Aug. 1967----------------------------Chicago, 111., A pr. 1967 1 ________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind ., M a r. 1967 ________ ________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967______________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1967_______________________________
Dallas , Tex., Nov. 1967__________________________________

1575-41,
1575-48,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

Davenport—
Rock Island—M o lin e , Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1967________ ___________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1968 1
_________________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1967 1_______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1968 1
___________________________
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 19681 _______________________________
Fort Worth, T ex., Nov. 1967_____________________________
G reen Bay, W i s . , July 1967______________________________
G r e e n v i ll e , S.C ., May 1967 ______________________________
Houston, Tex., June 1967 ________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1967 1___________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1968 1______________________________
Jacksonville, F la., Jan. 1968---------------------------------------Kansas City, M o . -K a n s ., Nov. 1967 1___________________
Law re nce— a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N.H ., June 1967 ------------H
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk ., July 1967--------Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Ga rden G rov e , C ali f., M ar. 1967 1 ____________________
L ou isville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1968_________________________
Lub bock, T e x . , June 1967 ________________________________
Manchester, N .H ., July 1967_____________________________
Memphis, T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1968 1------------------------------M iami, Fla., Dec. 1967 1_________________________________
Midland and O d essa, Tex., June 1967 __________________

*

Bulletin number
and price

Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1967 1_____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1968_________________
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1967 ________
Muskegon—
N e w a rk and J ersey City, N.J., Feb. 1968 1
______________
N ew Haven, Conn., Jan. 19 6 8 1____________________________
N ew Orl eans, L a., Feb. 1968_____________________________
New York, N .Y ., A pr. 1967 1-----------------------------------------Norfo lk—Portsmouth and Newport New s—
Hampton, Va., June 1967 1_______________________________
Oklahoma City, O k l a . , July 1967_________________________

1530-76,
157 5-47,
1530-72,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1530-83,

30cents
30cents
20cents
35cents
25cents
30cents
40cents

1530-82,
157 5-4,

25cents
20cents

30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Omaha, N e b r .—
Iowa, Oct. 1967 1__________________________
Paterso n—
Clifton— a s s a i c , N.J., May 1967 _____________
P
Philadelphia, Pa .— . J . , Nov. 1967 1______________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1 9 6 8 1-------------------------------------------Pittsburgh, P a . , Jan. 1968---------------------------------------------Portland, M ain e, Nov. 1967 1----------------------------------------P o r tla n d , O re g .—W a s h . , May 1967 _______________________
Providence—Pawtucket— arw ick, R.I.—M a s s . ,
W
May 1967 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1967 1--------------------------------------------Richmond, V a . , Nov. 1967 1_______________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1967 ___________________________________

157 5-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
157 5-55,
1575-44,
157 5-16,
1530-79,

25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
157 5-27,
1530-68,

30cents
25cents
25cents
20cents

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

St. L o u i s , Mo.—
111., Jan. 1968---------------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1967------------------------------------San Antonio, T e x . , June 1967 1 ___________________________
San Bernardino— iv er side—
R
Ontario, Cali f.,
Aug. 1967 1
---------------------------------------------------------------------San Diego, C a l i f . , Nov. 1967------- . ---------------------------------San F rancisc o —
Oakland, C ali f., Jan. 1968_______________
San Jose, C a l i f . , Sept. 1967 1---------------------------------------- Savannah, G a . , May 1967__________________________________
Scranton, P a . , July 1967 1---------------------------------------------Seattle—Everett, W a s h . , Nov. 1967 1_____________________

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30cents
20cents
25cents

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1 575-1 5,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30cents
20 cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents

1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1530-77,
1 57 5-2,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1530-65,
157 5-50,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1530-78,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k . , Oct. 1967 1
__________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1968 1 ____________________________
Spokane, W a s h . , June 1967 1 -----------------------------------------Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1967________________
Toledo, Ohio— ic h ., Feb. 19 6 8 ___________________________
M
Trenton, N.J., Nov. 1967----------------------------------------------V
Washington, D . C . —Md.— a . , Sept. 1967_______________ _
Water bury, Conn., A p r . 1968 1-------------------------------------Water loo, Iowa, Nov. 1967___________ _____________________
Wichita, K a n s ., Dec. 1967---------------------------------------------Wore e s t e r , Mas s ., June 1967____________________________
York , Pa., Feb. I 9 6 8 1
.................. .....................................
Youngstown—W a rr e n , Ohio, Nov. 1967 1__________________

157 5-17,
1575-56,
1530-80,
157 5-8,
157 5-43,
1575-24,
1575-1 1,
157 5-53,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
157 5-25,

25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
25cents

D ata on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w age provisions are also presented.




Area


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102