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AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e

P h o e n ix , A r iz o n a , M e tro p o lita n A r e a ,
Ju n e 19 71

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 8 6
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e

P h o e n ix , A r iz o n a , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
Ju n e 19 71

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 8 6
October 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 3 0 cents




C o n te n ts

P r e fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t io n _________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u ll e t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u ll e t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta t o r e l a t e t o g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g i o n s an d th e U n ite d S t a te s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a n d on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

A.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s tu d ie d ____________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n a n d w o m e n __________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n an d
w o m e n _____________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ---------------------

A p p e n d ix .

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , in J u n e 1 9 7 1 . T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f M a r i c o p a C o u n t y . T h is
s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San
F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f A d o lp h O .
B e r g e r , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
4

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

NOTE:
S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s a r e a v a ila b le
a r e a s . (S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

fo r

o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e P h o e n ix a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t io n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; an d
l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s a nd h e l p e r s .

iii

3

5

6
8
9
10
11
14




In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 9 0 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f it s o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t s h o w n
o r i n f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s i n f o r m a t io n o b t a in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t in g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b t a in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a nd e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h i n s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a ge ch a n g e s.
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s an d
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a nd b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b le 2 , a r e b e t t e r
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g t o a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r.e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a nd jo b
s t a ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e a c tu a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g

1 Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2

e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .




E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u lle t in .
I n fo r m a t io n f o r t h e s e t a b u la t io n s is c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e ta b u la t io n s o n m i n im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ;
p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s f o r
th is a r e a .

3

T a b le 1.




Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and num ber studied in Phoenix, A riz.,1

bv m ajor industry division,2 June 1971
Minimum
employment
in esta b lish ments in scope
o f study

Industry division

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study4

Within scope
o f study3

Studied

Studied
Number

P ercent

589

137

136,162

100

80, 276

50
"

163
426

39
98

57, 093
79,069

42
58

39,376
4 0,900

50
50
50
50
50

39
65
172
58
92

16

31
14
26

11,765
7, 215
36,893
13,418
9, 778

9
5
27

9,450
1,838
16,473
8,677
4,4 6 2

A ll d ivision s________________________________
Manufacturing___________________________________
N onmanufacturing_______________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 _____________________
W holesale trade 6 ____________________________
R etail trade 6_______ ____________ _________
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate 6 ______
S erv ices 6 7-----------------------------------------------------

Number o f establishm ents

1
1

1
0
7

1 The Phoenix Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, co n sists o f M aricopa
County. The "w ork ers within scop e of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu rate d escrip tion o f the s iz e and com position
of the la bor fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, h ow ever, to s e rv e as a b asis o f com p a rison with other em ploym ent
indexes fo r the area to m easu re em ploym ent trends or levels sin ce (1) planning of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled
con sid era b ly in advance of the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded fro m the scop e of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division .
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
industries as trad e, finance, auto rep a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re theaters a re con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w ork ers in all establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the area) at o r above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "p u b lic u tilities" in the A -s e r ie s tab les. T axicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. S everal
e le c tr ic utilities (supplying less than half the e le c t r ic consum ption in M aricopa County) w ere publicly operated and excluded by definition fro m the
scop e o f the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the follow ing rea son s: (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivision is too sm a ll to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient o r inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isclo s u re of individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res;
nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .

A lm ost on e-h alf of the w ork ers within scop e o f the survey in the Phoenix area w ere
em ployed in m anufacturing fir m s . The follow ing p resents the m ajor industry groups and
s p e c ific industries as a p ercen t of all m anufacturing:
Industry groups
E le c tr ic a l equipment and
supplies________________________40
Transportation equipm ent______ 16
M achinery, except e le ctrica l___ 12
F ood and kindred p ro d u cts ____ 7
P rim a ry m etal in d u strie s_____ 6

S p ecific industries
E le ctro n ic com ponents and
a c c e s s o r ie s ____________________33
A ir cra ft and p a r ts ______________ 14
O ffice and computing
m a ch in e s_____________________ 9
Com m unication equipment_____ 6
N onferrous rolling and
draw ing_______________________ 5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent d erived fro m universe
m aterials com p iled p r io r to actual survey. P rop ortion s in variou s industry d ivision s m ay
d iffer fro m proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le Z a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t in g 100 f r o m th e in d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a te o f
the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
A nnual ra te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 1Z m o n th s w h en th e tim e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 1Z m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e in d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g
y e a r and c o n t in u in g to m u lt ip ly ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r 's in d e x .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
ea ch grou p.
L im it a t io n s

o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u t in g
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f lu e n c e d b y :
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e j o b , and (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th a t e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a ges
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e ig h t b a s e d o n it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Clerks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Me chanics ( automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Cleiks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls

The
p li e d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w e r e r e la t e d
g a te f o r th e




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e lim in a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n o t in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
fo r o v e r t im e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s ig n if ic a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e t (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s
w e r e t o t a le d .
T h e a g g r e g a te s f o r Z c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s
b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
e a r lie r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,

4




T a b le 2.

Ind exes of standard w e e kly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups

ir Phoenix, Ariz., M arch 1 9 7 0 and June 1971, and p ercents o f increase fo r selected periods
Manufacturing

A ll industries
P eriod

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(men and
wom en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w ork ers
(men)

O ffice
cle rica l
(men and
wom en)

Indust rial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w orkers

(*)
n

114.5
124.9

115.2
119.6

(l)
()

(*)
(*)

123.0
147.2

(M
5.2
(l)
( )

(l)
( )
( )

3.0
2.9
4.4
5.6
2.3
3.2

(m en )

Indexes (M arch 1967*100)
M arch 1970---------------------------------------------------------June 1971________________________________________

115.1

122.0

119.6
130.2

113.5
125.6

113.8
123.4

114.7

122.6

Indexes (M arch 1961*100)
M arch 1967________ ____ — __________________
June 1971..................................... .
__________

126.1
153.8

(j)
n

118.9
149.3

122.4
151.0

123.6
151.5

P ercen ts of in crease
M arch 1960 to M arch 1961--------------------------------M arch 1961 to M arch 1962______ _____________
M arch 1962 to M arch 1963_____ _______ _____
M arch 1963 to M arch 1964_____________________
M arch 1964 to M arch 1965______ _____________
M arch 1965 to M arch 1966--------------------------------M arch 1966 to M arch 1967 __ - _____________
M arch 1967 to M arch 1968 ----------------- . __ M arch 1968 to M arch 1969------------ ------- ---- .
M arch 1969 to M arch 1970 . . ______________ _
M arch 1970 to June 1971:
15-m onth in crease ___ ________ _______ __
Annual rate of in crea se ____________________

2.6
3.8
4.3
3.4
3.1
3.3
5.8
3.9
5.9
4.6

6.0
4.8

2.8

4.4
4.2
7.8

2.8

7.0

.9
2.3
3.7
3.1
3.4
5.9
3.7

2.4
4.4
5.7
5.0
2.5

3.4
5.0
3.5
4.8
3.5
5.6
5.0

6.2
6.2

3.3
7.5
3.1

8.9
7.1

10.7
8.5

8.4
6.7

6.9
5.5

(*)
(*)

9.1
7.2

(*)
4.7

2.0
(l)

( >
<>
n

6.2

6.5

1.1

0
1.8

1.9
1.9

<>
( >
( >
(*)

1 Data do not m eet publication crite ria .

NOTE: M ost p rev iou sly published indexes fo r the'P hoenix jarea used M arch 1961 as the base period .
They can be con verted to the new base p eriod by dividing them by the corresp on din g index num bers fo r
M arch 1967 on the M arch 1961 base p eriod as shown in the table. (The result should by m ultiplied by 100.)

( >
0
<)

n

2.8
2.6
4.6
7.4
3.8
3.1

6

A.

O ccu p atio n al earnings

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d b n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
»

weekly
hours 1
(standard)

t
60

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

»
65

*
70

s

*
75

80

*
85

$
90

s

$

t

95

100

105

S
110

S

$
115

120

t
130

$
140

$

t
150

160

t
170

»
180

$
190

and
under
65

200
and

70

75

-

-

"

80

85

-

-

“

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

12
12

2
“

6
4

11
6

5
3

5
3

4

5
4

1
-

3
3

2
2

5
5

12
*

6
-

3
“

“

“

10
10
-

200

over

MEN

$
$
106.00-147.00
104.00-135.00

-----------------------------------------

68
47

40.0
40.0

$
128.00
122.50

$
123.50
114.00

---------------------------------------------------------------

43

40.0

82.50

81.00

73.00-

91.00

47
33

40.0
40.0

82.00
81.00

82.00
81.00

78.5076.50-

84.50
87.50

~

55
32

40.0
40.0

121.00
106.00

127.50
100.00

98.50-143.50
97.00-119.50

“

-----------------------------------------

80
51

40.0
40.0

99.50
99.00

99.50
99.50

96.00-103.50
96.50-103.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

329
104
225

39.0
40.0
39.0

123.50
130.50
120.50

123.00
132.00
121.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -----------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

614
120
494
33

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

100.00
113.00
97.00
132.00

99.00
113.50
94.50
110.00

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL ASS
N ON MA NUF A CT URI NG

B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

72
57

39.5
40.0

92.50
88.00

88.00
87.00

85.0083.00-

94.00
90.50

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL A SS
N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

C ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

99
97

39.5
39.5

78.00
77.50

78.00
78.00

74.5074.50-

82.00
82.00

-

----------------------------------------------------------

59
47

41.5
42.0

112.00
101.00

95.00
92.50

88.50-139.00
87.00-135.50

-

-----------------------------------------

143
74
69

40.0
40.0
40.0

110.00
112.00
108.00

108. 5 0
109.00
107.50

100.00-118.50
101.50-119.50
97.00-115.00

COMPTOMETER O PE R AT OR S ----------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

57
55

40.0
40.0

97.00
97.00

97.50
98.00

KEY PUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

150
81
69

40.0
40.0
40.0

113.50
118.50
107.00

352
110
242

40.0
40.0
40.0

1,560
658
902

40.0
40.0
40.0

CLE RI CS,

A C C O U N T IN S,

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG
OFFICE

BOY S

CL ASS

A ------------------

-

-

-

“

-

3
1

14
14

“

5

-

-

-

1

19

*

-

2

5

6

5

*

6
6

9
9

24
10

“

4
4

4
4

“

2
2

1
1

“

16
14

3
3

2
2

*

7
7

8
-

27
22

26
18

7

_

-

-

1
1

3
3

11
3
8

25
7
18

15
2
13

27
8
19

12
5
7

42
10
32

71
14
57

42
16
26

47
21
26

17
8
9

68
8
60
6

43
19
24
6

71
19
52
4

51
21
30

38
22
16

2
2

3
3

5
5

-

-

-

-

~

3
3

3
1

3
-

_

3
-

2

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

12
12

3
-

“

22
18
4

11
6
5

4
3
1

5
4
1

4
2
2

-

5
5

2
2

_

_

-

WOMEN
BILLERS,

MA CH INE

(BILLIN G

M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------BO OKKEEPI NG-MACHINE OPERA TOR S,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

-----------------------------------------

BO OKKEEPI NG-MACHINE OPE RA TOR S,
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

PUB LIC

CLERKS,

U TILITIE S

ORDER

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

-----------------------------------------

C L E R K S , P AY RO LL ---------------------------------------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG
KEYPUNCH

OPE RATOR S,

----------------------------------------CLASS

B -------------------

MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

S e e f o o t no te s




at e n d of tables.

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

109.50-139.00
115.50-146.00
107.50-136.00

-

-

_

-

_

8

-

-

-

-

87.50-112.00
105.50-121.50
86.00-107.50
103.00-186.50

16
16

8

-

8
-

13
~
8
8

9
9

30
25

9
9

_

-

1
1

3
3

25
25

38
38

21
21

3
3

5
5

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

12
12

11
11

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

2
-

-

5

-

-

5

17
12
5

3
-

*

1
1

3

7
3
4

22
12
10

23
13
10

13
13

90.50-106.00
90.00-106.00

-

-

2
2

6
6

2
2

4
4

7
6

15
14

6
6

8
8

110.50
121.50
108.50

101.00-125.00
101.50-133.00
101.00-115.00

-

-

-

-

3

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

3

5

7
6
1

17
10
7

25
15
10

17
4
13

16
2
14

7
1
6

29
20
9

13
12
1

100.00
106.50
96.50

98.50
107.50
95.00

90.50-109.50
94.00-118.50
89.50-104.00

_

-

_

-

-

*

-

4
4

29
7
22

46
8
38

75
17
58

31
1
30

48
11
37

37
22
15

30
4
26

28
20
8

20
17
3

4
3
1

129.00
138.50
122.50

127.00
136.00
119.50

114.00-143.50
125.00-151.50
107.50-135.00

-

-

-

1

2

12

54

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

54

88
16
72

67
3
64

122
33
89

147
27
120

290
149

2

67
15
52

263
134
129

-

*

“

“

-

13
-

2

-

1

83
4
79
5

68
3
65

55
7
48

-

~

-

1
_

-

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

4
2

_

8

_

72
7
65
-

-

6
6
-

_

*

-

~

-

141

_
1
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

9

10
10
-

-

12

1
1

*

-

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

_

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

187
107
80

82
51
31

101
79
22

29
16
13

38
26
12

9
2
7

i
i

7
T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz. , June 1971)
^(standard)”8'

5
Sex,

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

T
_ ____

h o u rs 1
(stan da rd)

»

Average

vroikeis

occupation, and industry division

Num.ber

of

*
60

w
eekly

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

SECRETARIES

-

-

-

75

t

75

t

80

-

80

«

85

-

95

-

85

$

90

90

-

95

I

105

100

*

i

100

110

-

105

110

|i
115

J
120

-

115

120

i

130

i
160

-

130

160

CONTI NUED

$

$

$

6 0.0
6 0.0

153.50 156.00 138.00-172.00
153.50
169.50 1 3 6.00-165.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

36

6 0.0

153.50

CLASS

155.50

B --------------------------------

195

6 0 .0

166.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

52
163
29

6 0 .0
6 0.0
6 0.0

166.50
163.50
160.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

587
185
602

60.0
6 0.0
6 0.0

130.00 127.50
168.00 166.00
121.50 120.00

-

150

166.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

716
393

39.5
60.0

122.50
132.00

122.00
130.50

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

321

39.5

111.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

335
106

6 0 .0
60.0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

231

60.0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

699
227
272

S WI T C HB O A RD O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUF AC TURI N G -----------------------------------------

1 3 8.00-186.50

-

128.00-160.00

166.00
128.50-162.00
166.50 1 2 7 .0 0-159.00
161.50 168.50-176.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

1

-

6

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

6

160

*

170

$
180

-

170

180

i

190

-

200

-

190

and
over

200

15
1

73
3
70

108
29
79

115
38
77

63
32
31

60
36
6

19
16
3

8
8
-

73
66

7
7

67
67

8

18

37

26

109.00-135.00
120.50-166.00

-

-

-

1
-

2
-

12
-

62
-

66
16

68
16

37
3

69
33

67
26

165
102

117
82

111.00

98 .5 0 -1 21 .5 0

-

-

-

1

2

12

62

32

32

36

36

63

63

35

106.00
113.00

103.00
113.00

93 .0 0 -1 16 .0 0
1 0 5.50-119.50

-

-

1

17
-

16

29
-

61

61
19

60
26

36
10

37
25

25
16

7
6

99.50

97.00

89 .0 0 -1 09 .5 0

-

-

1

17

16

29

36

39

22

16

26

12

9

3

39.0
6 0 .0
38.0

115.00
125.00
106.50

116.50
122.50
106.00

106.00-125.50
117.00-136.50
96 .5 0 -1 17 .0 0

-

-

-

-

10
10

15
15

33
33

37
6
33

38
9
29

79
6
73

13
11
2

88
62
26

93
62
31

72
55
17

66

60.0
316 0 . 0

116.00
123.00

115.00
121.50

105.50-122.50
117.00-128.50

-

-

-

13
3

6
1

13
10

16
12

33

60.0

105.50

106.00

98.5 0 -1 11 .0 0

-

-

-

10

3

3

2

S WI T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B -------NONMANUF AC T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

165
139

62.0
62.0

88.00
87.50

86.00
85.00

81 .0 0 8 1 .0 0 -

10
10

-

1
-

-

S WI T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------NONM ANUF AC T UR I N G ----------------------------------------

128
66
62

39.5
6 0 .0
39.5

100.00
102.00
98.00

99.00
103.50
93.50

92 .0 0 -1 08 .0 0
97 .0 0 -1 09 .5 0
85.0 0 -1 02 .5 0

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------MANUF ACT URI N G -------------------------------------------------

59
56

6 0.0
6 0.0

103.50
106.50

100.50
101.00

97.0 0 -1 07 .5 0
97 .5 0 -1 09 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-------------------------------------------------

313

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

90

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




6 0.0
6 0 .0

223 6 0 .0

93.50

91.00

102.00

106.00

90.00

88.00

96.00
93.50

86 .5 0 -1 03 .5 0

-

93 .5 0 -1 13 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -

97.00

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

6

36
33

15
13

6

31
22

18
13
5

20
12
8

-

1

22
21

16
13

2

63

1

2

8

3

17

6

51

60

39
13
26

29
10
19

-

26

6
-

9

59

9

2

-

6
6
8

2

16

-

2

-

-

3

-

38

12
12

19

1

2

66
66

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

18

-

37

5

28
11
17

6
3

1
1

15
15
-

8
6

27
15
12

6

6

-

2

2

26

165

5

1

1
1
12
9
3

1

2
2

-

-

-

28
26
6

5

2

-

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

2
2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

5
5

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
-

16

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

10
7
3

13

-

- 2
-

-

1

2

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

1

-

5

9
8
1

-

6
1

7
6

7

-

3
3

-

29

10
11

9

-

-

5

37

17

3

3
3

2
6
6

1
1

1
1

-

-

19

6
1
5

22
7
19

36

-

-

-

37

-

-

8

5
1
6

18
19
2

-

-

-

6
2
2

6

-

-

11
9
2

8

-

-

6
6

6
-

-

6

63
63

-

-

8

6

-

8

-

16
8

7
2

-

-

-

9
-

-

116.00-161.50
136.00-161.00
111.50-132.50

-

-

1

2

1
-

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

CLASS

$
160

$

66
28

TYPISTS,

t
150

C0NTINUE0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

SECRETARIES,

$
70

70

and

under

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6 5

WOMEN

*
65

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

8

T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d - t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division,

W e (rtandard)n8S

c

.
.

Sex, occupation, and industry division

vt
L
Number

of

workers

*

90
Mean2

Median2

A r i z . , J u n e 1971)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
$

T 1

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Phoenix,

Middle range2

and
under

________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1 0 0

%

100
_

130

_

_

130

120

s

%

120

_

110

$

i

110

1*0

*

140

150

_

_

150

s

160
_

160

$

170
_

170

$

180
_

180

_

—

190

$

190
—

$

200
—

$

210
—

200

6

$

230

—

210

4

$

220

$

$

240

250

$

260

$

$

270

280

290

290

over

and

220

230

-

240

250

260

270

-

-

-

-

280

-

MEN

A --------

80

C0MPUTER OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

CLASS

107
70
37

C0MPUTER PR03RAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

-

-

138.50 139.50 121.00-147.50
143.00 142.50 120.00-154.00
130.50 131.00 121.50-142.00

-

3
3

4

15
4
11

62
37
25

40.0 241.00 250.50 209.00-275.50
40.0 259.50 263.00 250.50-281.50
40.0 213.50 206.50 192.50-225.00

-

-

-

-

C0MPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

704 0 . 0 198. 5 0 194 . 5 0 1 7 7 . 0 0 - 2 2 1 . 0 0
40.0 205.00 205.00 191.50-226.00
40.0 188.50 181.50 172.50-201.50

-

43
27

-

-

-

-

-

-

C0MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

53
32

40.0 263.50 265.00 229.00-287.50
40.0 280.00 279.50 263.00-299.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

45
25

228.00 230.00 208.00-246.00
215.00 217.50 197.50-239.00

-

-

-

O R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F AC T U R I N G -------------------

159
115
44

40.0 187.00 188.00 171.00-203.00
40.0 193.00 194.00 181.00-204.50
40.0 172.00 166.50 162.50-173.50

-

-

-

O R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

141
79
62

40.0 152.50 154.00 144.50-164.00
40.0 161.50 159.50 153.50-169.50
40.0 141.00 150.50 125.00-153.50

-

-

23
-

2
-

-

-

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

40.0 165.00 162.50 155.00-168.50
40.0
40.0
40.0

40.0
40.0

35

9240.0
40.0

119.00 120.50 100.50-134.50
133.00 133.00 126.00-143.50

-

-

22
18

1

-

2
7

-

1

8

5

-

2
2

1

2
2
14
10

6
6

-

5

15
8

1

-

1

-

-

5

7

-

3
3

7

10
9

1
6

-

1

-

8
8

-

9
7
2

-

12
8
4

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

3
1

-

-

7
6
1

2
1

-

-

2
2

2
2

5
3

-

35
7

24
20

21
20

24
22

28
26

18
17

22

13

4

2

2

-

-

3
1

1
-

-

9
3

1
-

2
1

2
-

-

-

21
14

7

52
25
27

11
9

2
1

4
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

*13
13
1
-

2

-

-

-

3
1

2
20
2

-

*

INDUSTRIAL

Workers

were

(REGISTERED)

di s t r i b u t e d a s follows:

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d of tables,




---

29

40.0

6 at

158.00

$290

to

160.00

$300;

1 at

142.00-177.00

$300

to

$320;

4 at $ 3 2 0

-

to $ 3 4 0 ;

4

and

2

6

2 at $ 3 6 0

3

5

an d over.

5

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
11 3
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MOMEN

NURSES,

8
-

-

10
2

7

284

-

-

-

2
-

4
4
-

-

6
3

4
3

8
6
2

1

5
3

2
2

5
5
-

1

1

4
-

1
1

-

7
7
-

3

-

5
1
4
3

1
1
-

2

9
1

6
4
7
4

10

2
-

-

4
1
3

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

15

5

2

20 4
11 1

-

14

21
5
8

35

5

7

-

-

9

23
31

8

-

-

5
15

1
2
-

2
2
-

9
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 19 71 )
Average
O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y d i vi si on

OFFICE

Number
Df
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

OCCUPATIONS

Average
_ _ t
O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y d i vi si on

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

Average

Number
of
Weekly
Weekly
workers
hours 1 earnings •
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

Number
O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

~ ~

- CONTINUED

$

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

$

49
35

40.0
40.0

63

40.0
31 4 0 . 0
32 4 0 . 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

80
51

40.0
40.0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

397
125
272

39.5
40.0
39.0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------

632
126
506

40.0
40.0
40.0
33 4 0 . 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

75
59

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

99
97

C L E R K S , O R O E R --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
----------------C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

S e e fo otnote at e n d of ta bles




39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

O F F I C E B O Y S A N O G I R L S ----------------86.00
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------87.00i
S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------119.50
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------134.00
106.00
S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------99.50
99.00
SECRETARIES,
C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------124.50
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------132.00
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------121.00
S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------101.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------114.00
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------98.00
132.00
S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------94.50
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------91.00
S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------78.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------77.50
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

132
4 0 . 5 1 1 4 . 5 0 S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------111 4 1 . 0 1 0 9 . 5 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------155
40.0 111.50
8 4 4 0 . 0 1 1 4 . 5 0 S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----71
40.0 108.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------57
40.0
97.00
55 4 0 . 0
9 7 . 0 0 S W I T C H B O A R O O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- -------------150
40.0 113.50
81
40.0 118.50SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS69
40.0 107.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------360
40.0 100.00
115
4 0 . 0 1 0 6 . 5 0 T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------’4 5 4 0 . 0
96.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

52
38
1,560
658
902
64
28
36

*0.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

83.00
79.00
129.00
138.50
122.50

of
Weekly
Weekly
workers
hours 1 eamings1
(standard) (standard)

$

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

313
90
223

40.0
93.50
40.0 102.00
40.0
90.00

89
77

40.0 166.00
40.0 167.50

130
84
46

40.0 136.50
40.0 140.50
40.0 130.00

71
42
29

40.0 240.00
40.0 258.50
40.0 213.00

88
51
37

40.0 196.50
40.0 205.50
40.0 183.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

714
393
321

4 0 . 0 1 5 3 . 5 0 C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----------40.0 153.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------40.0 153.50
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 --------40.0 144.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------40.0 146.50
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------40.0 143.50
40.0 160.00 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------40.0 130.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------40.0 148.00
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------40.0 121.50
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
39.5 122.50
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------40.0 132.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------39.5 111.00
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

335
104
231

40.0 104.00
40.0 113.00
40.0
99.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

56
34

40.0 264.50
40.0 280.50

499
227
272

39.0 115.00
40.0 125.00
38.0 106.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S 8 --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

51
28

40.0 229.50
40.0 216.00

64
31
33

40.0 114.00
40.0 123.00
40.0 105.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

162
117
45

4 0.0 187.50
40.0 192.50
40.0 173.50

42.0
42.0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

149
85
64

40.0 152.00
40.0 161.00
40.0 141.00

107
47
60

40.0 120.00
40.0 132.50
40.0 110.50

30

40.0 159.00

195
52
143
29
587
185
402

145
139
128
66
62
59
54

88.00
87.50

39.5 100.00
4 0 . 0 1 0 2 . 0 0 D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ---------------------39.5
98.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------40.0 103.50
4 0 . 0 1 0 4 . 5 0 N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------

1 0

Table A-4.

Maintenance and powerplant occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Phoenix, A riz., June 1971)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

i
t
s
$
$
$
$
S
S
*
*
*
S
t
*
*
Under 3 '00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4. 50 4.60 4.80
%
and
3 .U0 lander

t

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

%

.00

t
$
5.20 5.40 5.60

%

3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4. 60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

MEN

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

67
50

4.25
4.19

$
4.51
4.51

$
3.563.59-

$
4.58
4.57

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

203
159

4.74
4.54

4.75
4.57

4.294.24-

5.08
4.92

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

43
29

4.44
4.53

4.54
4.55

4.094.15-

4.59
4.85

_

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

97
31

3.27
2.87

3.52
2.88

2.892.45-

3.71
3.32

26
*18

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

189
181

4.63
4.65

4.74
4.75

4.304.44-

4.85
4.85

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

208
79
129
107

4.32
3.96
4.53
4.63

4.24
3.83
4.45
5.22

3.743.453.904.01-

5.22
4.47
5.30
5.41

-

4.82
4.81

6
6

$

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

201
191

4.34
4.36

4.53
4.53

4.244.25-

O I L E R S ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

28
28

3.59
3.59

3.73
3.73

3.333.33-

39
26

4.01
3.92

3.88
3.84

3.463.45-

4.55
4.53

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

75
73

4.54
4.55

4.56
4.56

4.434.46-

169
169

4.70
4.70

5.02
5.02

4.644.64-

5.14
5.14

4

2

_

_

_

1
-

2
2

1
1
10

-

1

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

~

_

_

-

1

_

1
2

-

-

16
16

_

2

_

7
7

1
1

1
0
10
2
1

1
1
6
6

-

-

27

-

5

27
3

-

-

16

5
5

8
8

1
0
8
6
2
4
4

6
6
2

3

2
2

22
22

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

9
4

10
10

-

4
4

2
2
1
0
10

10
1
0
10

_

-

-

-

*

-

2
2

~

-

~

17
9

8

14

4

_

_

-

-

-

1
0
10
6
6

-

-

-

-

9
9

1

-

-

6

5

_

-

-

25
25
25

1
1

1
1

-

-

*

“




4
4

2
1

-

17

-

-

_

2
2

4
4

_

16
16

2
2

_

31
31

10
1
0

19

_

-

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

“

_

3

16
16

_

1
0
1
0

-

4

_

-

-

-

33
32

1
1
1
1

“
36
36

20
20

"

2
2

41

1

12
1
2

_

_

“

1
1

4
4

-

“

5
5

-

1
1

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

4
4

66
66

35
35

20
20

1
1

7
5

4

12
12

-

“

“

9
9

54
54

23

1
0

4

13
-

-

9
9

44
44

1
1

_

-

28
28
28

29
29
29

4

-

“

_

“
“
“

2
13

_

8
8

8

4
4

7
7

1

24
24

-

1
1

* Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at $ 2,20 to $ 2.40; 4 at $ 2.40 to $ 2.60; 3 at $ 2.60 to $ 2.80; and 5 at $ 2.80 to $ 3.
See footnotes at end of tables.

1
-

8
8

4.78
4.78

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

1
-

3.95
3.95

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

2
-

3
3

5
5
-

-

2
2

_

4

-

4

-

1
1

8
8
28
28
-

-

5

*

-

9
9

16
16

_

_

-

_

“

“

-

17
17

25
25

87
87

-

-

-

-

:

11

T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o ccu p atio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Phoenix, A riz. , June 1971)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings ^

t

i

t

$
1.70

*
1.80

t

t

I

t

t

*

$

*

$

*

*

*

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.AO

2.60

2

80

3.00

3.20

3.AO

3.60

3.80

A.00

A. 2 0

A.AO

A . 60

A, 8 0

*
5.00

*
5.20

S
5.AO

1.70

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.AO

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.AO

3.60

3.80

A.00

A.20

A.AO

A.60

A.80

5.00

5.20

5.AO

5.60

AA5
“

189
“

70
27

6

2A
2

2
1

12

19
12

11
11

2
1

16
16

1A
1A

11
11

58
56

21
21

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

"

*
1.60
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

i

t

and
under

MEN
G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

902
180

$
1.98
3.12

$
1.70
3.39

$
1.652.A8-

$
1.86
3.72

7

3.37

3.62

3.08-

3.75

-

-

-

-

2

1

7

12

6

1

16

1A

11

56

21

2.01
2.6A
1.8A
2.6A

1.79
2.82
1.76
2.A8

1.732.191.722.33-

2.21
2.88
1.86
3.05

150
-

533
10
523

96
1
95

17

-

51
15
36
A

108
107
1
*

29
2A
5
2

10
5
5
A

-

-

25
7
18
7

1
1

~

69
20
A9
A

17
16
1

-

60
31
29
A

1
-

17

69
26
A3

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1, A 0 8
A35
973

2.98
2.83
3.05

2.87
3.02
2.86

2.802.192.81-

3.32
3.17
3.63

32
18
1A

20
10
10

12
8
A

5A
22
32

65
56
9

120
AO
80

38

6
6

5A3
A9
A9A

158
1A2
16

36
32
A

16
10
6

82
10
72

25
25

38

201
13
188

ORDER
F I L L E R S ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

361
322

3.38
3.35

3.62
3.6A

2.5A2.51-

A . 13
A . 1A

3
3

9
9

36
36

60
60

9
9

9
9

6
6

9
9

30
-

51
A8

12
6

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

59
52

3.10
3.27

3.52
3.56

2.362.65-

3.83
3.8A

3
“

2
2

8
8

2
2

_

3
3

5
5

_

-

“

10
10

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

102
25
77

3.26
3.01
3.3A

3.10
2.99
3.11

2.952.282.98-

A . 05
3.80
A . 11

3
2
1

6
2
A

2
2

27
3
2A

A
4

5
3
2

1
1

-

-

20
2
18

2.89
2.89

2.66
2.66

2.A52.A5-

3 . AO
3 . AO

A

10
10

6
6

_
-

5
5

i
i

-

MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

3A
34

3
3

AO
39

3.32
3.31

3.37
3.37

3.273.26-

3.A6
3.A6

1
1

-

2
2

-

20
20

16
16

1

*

TRUCKDRIVERS
-----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

2, 3 6 6
702
1,66A
751

3.88
A . 25
3.72
A . 38

3.8A
A . 33
3.83
A . 70

3.123.AA2.963.86-

A . 82
5.29
A . 53
A . 85

28

15

30

26
17

28

15

30

9

22
7
15
~

172
16A
8
1

2A0
15
225

TRUC KD RI VE RS , LI GH T (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

A18
1AA
27A

2.81
3. A O
2.50

2.86
3.51
2.81

2.103 . AA—
2.0A-

3.A7
3.56
2.87

28

“

20
5
15

128
121
7

7
1
6

521
181

3.53
3. 1 A

3.6 A
2.98

3.002.38-

3.75
3.A8

_

_

A3
A2

216

76

A . 66

A . 56-

A . 86

“

5
5

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

-

21
21

SHIPPING

CLERKS

---------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------TR U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y (OVER A TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY
OTHER THAN TRAILER
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES

(OVER
TYPE)

A TONS,
---------

------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




00

1A8
1,236
263
973
25

*

--------------------------

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

“

905
762
A83

A . 23
A . 07
A . 28

A . 27
3.89
3.89

3.833.823.8A-

A . 90

5.02

A . 83-

5.26

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

*

*

_

_

_

5
5

_

_

4

15

28

15

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

92

3

92

3

108
56
52

-

192

A . 52

A . 83

3.88-

A . 86

-

-

3

5

12

85
56

-

-

A5
A5

-

63

17
17
“

:

-

63

-

-

3

2

-

5

12

_

*

_

-

-

285
A5

2A
O

-

-

27
15
12

”

A . 83
A . 71
A . 83

A13

150
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

120
120

_
-

-

120
120

27
12

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

112
112

12
12

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

29
6
23

-

-

-

10
3
7
”

1A9
37
112
7

115
25
90
33

6
2

AA
36

13

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A

-

7

13

-

51

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

102

-

1

*

1

_

1

*

350
350
33A

16

3
3

27A
27A
270

-

60
60

_

28
28
28

_

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

*

-

-

-

3A8
3A8
3A8

52
52
-

10A
10A
-

162
162
-

“

“

51

90
89

96
71
20

28
28
28

165
165
165

3

-

-

-

132

52

10A

60

-

-

-

-

132

-

-

-

-

12

T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v em e n t o c c u p a tio n s -----C o ntin u ed

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz. , June 1971)
Hourly earnings3

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of —
i
$
$
s
»
S
t
t
$
*
*

$

$

%

2. 4 0

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

t
5.00

S
5.20

$

2.20

2.20

2.40

2. 6 0

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

20
20

60
60

-

56
44

82
82

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

9
4

-

“

12
12

-

“

48
48

-

~

36

10

4

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

3©

*

MEN

-

L0

(
1.70

»
1.80

$
1.90

2.00

t
2.10

1.70

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

18

17

24

»
1.60
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

5.40

and
under

CONTINUED

$
T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

291
274

2.84
2.82

$
2.81
2.82

$
$
2.37- 2.99
2.36- 2.98

402
26

1.84
2.64

1.77
2.73

1.722.43-

“

“

“

_

_

WOMEN

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

See footnotes at end of tables.




----

1.95
2.78

60

215

j
j

15
r-D

1
1

13

Footnotes

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y to t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a nd d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a te s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a te s h o w n . T h e m i d d le r a n g e i s d e f in e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd la te s h if t s .




/

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D es c rip tio n s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
files, classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical docu­
ments, etc. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., wllich are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memo­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.

Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) head­
ings ~or~partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards ma­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple clerical and manual tasks re­
quired to maintain and service files.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves t;he simulta­
neous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash Register, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or more sections of a complete set of books or records relating to one phase
of an establishment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and experi­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives custom ers' orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.

Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.




14

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determinations, for example, locates on the source document
the items to be punched; extracts information from several documents; and searches for and
interprets information on the document to determine information to be punched. May train
inexperienced operators.

15
S E C R E T A R Y — C on tinued

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C on tinued
C la s s B.
U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r ib e s data f r o m s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts to punched c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r co m b in a tio n k eypu nch m a ch in e to keypu nch tabulating c a r d s . M ay v e r i fy c a r d s .
W orking f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts , fo llo w s s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich have
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g
of data to be pun ch ed. P r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l plan t, fa c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a len t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a ge m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l
hun dred p e r s o n s ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
c h in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SE CR ETA RY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l. M aintain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o -d a y w o r k a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a ir l y in d e ­
p end ently r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s tele p h o n e c a l ls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s the t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s, and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m ain tain s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s ap p oin tm en ts as in s tru cte d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s
f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r fo r m s
s te n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lt y .
The w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow ledge o f o f fic e rou tin e and un d erstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s : (a) P o s it io n s w h ich d o not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ; (b) s te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l
type d u tie s : (c) s te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f fi c e a s s is ta n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
rou tin e o r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;
and (e) a s s is ta n t type p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
is tr a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th ose o f fi c ia ls w ho have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d ivid u al c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r d e n y in d ivid u al loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r in d ivid u al tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f app lyin g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w
seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,

the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y t o the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y t o the h e a d (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




a. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equ iva len t
to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situ a tio n s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h o s e s u b ord in a te s ta ff
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d iv id ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r o th e r eq u iv a len t l e v e l
o f o f fic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d t e c h n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN OGRAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh orthand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay
a ls o type f r o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
D oes not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e w o rk .
(S ee tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

STEN OG RAPH ER,

SENIOR

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r i e fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e ith e r in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay a ls o type f r o m w ritten
copy.
M ay a ls o s e t up and m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g r a p h ic du tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s i ­
b ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s high d e g r e e o f
ste n o g r a p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; and a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U se s th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g r a p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta sk s su ch a s , m ain tain in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , le t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; rea d in g and routin g in c o m in g m a il; and
a n s w e rin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e t c . D o e s n ot in clu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n te lep h on e s w itc h b o a r d han dling in c o m in g ,
ou tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l ls , s u ch as c o n f e r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l ls , e ith e r in a d d ition to
doin g ro u tin e w o r k as d e s c r ib e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r a s a fu ll- t im e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u l l" te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w hen the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le f o r te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ic h e x te n s io n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te f o r c a l ls .)
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n telep h on e s w itc h b o a r d han dlin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l ls . M a y h an dle rou tin e lon g d is ta n c e c a l ls and r e c o r d t o ll s .
M ay p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telep h on e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n c tio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d ersta n d a b le f o r telep h on e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s ts a r e r o u tin e , e .g ., g ivin g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w hen
s p e c i fi c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l ls a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n oth er o p e r a t o r .)

16
S

W IT CHB O ARD O P E R A T O R - R E CE P TIONIS T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f re g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is typin g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a r d .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in es such as the
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g pun ch , c o ll a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i fi c in s tr u c tio n s .
M ay in clu d e s im p le
w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and s o m e filin g w o rk . The w o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a w o rk
u nit, fo r e x a m p le , in d ivid u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g runs o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
TRAN S CRIB IN C -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r ie t y o f ta bu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly
in clu d in g su ch m a c h in e s as the t a b u la to r , c a lc u la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o ll a t o r , arid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n ts w ithout c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
The c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and tabulating a s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g type r e ­
q u irin g s o m e planning and s e q u e n c in g o f s te p s to b e taken . A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia lly tr a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s and d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w o rk and p r o d u c t io n o f a g ro u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as the
ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o lla t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r fo r m e d under s p e c i fi c in s tru ctio n s and m ay in clu d e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g fr o m
d ia g r a m s . The w o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s , f o r e x a m p le , tabu lation s in v o lv in g a re p e titiv e
a ccou n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but s m a ll tabu latin g study, o r p a rts o f a lo n g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . Such r e p o r t s and stu d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n ature w h e r e the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M ay a ls o in clu d e the tr a in in g o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic
o p e r a tio n o f the m a c h in e .

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v olv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as leg a l
b r i e fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y S tenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s i f ie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U se s a t y p e w r ite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
tio n s have b e e n m ade by an oth er p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typin g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls f o r u se in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as k eep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : T yp in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , pu n ctu a tion , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e r ia l;
and planning layou t and typ in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s t o m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y type rou tin e f o r m 'l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m rou g h o r c le a r d r a fts ;
ro u tin e typin g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l ic i e s , e t c .; and settin g up s im p le stan d ard ta b u la tion s,
o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y setup and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER OPERATOR

COM PU TER PROGRAM ER,

M o n ito r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s t r u c t io n s to d e t e r m in e equ ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e qu ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta pe r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e qu ip m en t in to c ir c u i t , and sta rts
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e du rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t i n g
program .

C o n v e r ts sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly st, into
a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u tom a tic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
W ork in g f r o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e
in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w hen e n te r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e, c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge
o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s te p s , w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e t o fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f fi c ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g sh ou ld b e c la s s i f ie d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u s e d to d e te r m in e th e ir p ay.)

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as f o llo w s :

C la s s A . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly t e s t e d and
in tro d u c e d ; s ch e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; the
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n ow led g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e
d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u nd er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t i c s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c t io n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; th e r e is lit t le o r n o te s tin g
o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch an ge o r can n ot b e c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a s o n a b le t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s ,
d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a ctio n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s app lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .

BUSINESS

D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g em en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as f o llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t ic e s . W o rk in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify the natu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s tep s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u tin e;
p la n s the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e the c o m p u t e r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a te s u nd er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n cs o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t i c s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A. M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p en d en tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p
w o rk in g k n ow le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equ ip m e n t u s e d and a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t th is l e v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u ch a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k age p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm en ts t o data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
co m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tion and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

17
COM PUTER PROGRAM ER,

C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T ,

BUSINESS— Con tinued

C la s s B . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin in g , ada pting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r a d d itio n s to o r
d e le t io n s fr o m input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a ctio n s s o that the a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n cin g
o f data ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A) und er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a ir l y c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay gu ide o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

BUSINESS

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th em b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g eq u ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n e e d e d to en ab le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to b e a u tom ated and id e n t ifie s co n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d o cu m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u tlin es a c tio n s to be p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m en t ch a n g e s to o btain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a t io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g should b e c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u s e d to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y.)
D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (E D P) e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly sts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

d ir e c t io n

C la s s C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r ex a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst b y p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l an a lyst.

to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d

C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f fe c t o f e a ch ch an ge on the d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n ction , and p o s it io n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r en g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te ch n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly i n ­
v o lv e s u ch w o r k a s : P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n co m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c tu r a l d ra w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a tion s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p t e d fo r m u la s and m an u a ls in m akin g n e c e s s a r y
co m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tren g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l ad eq u a cy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g t h r e e d im in s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c la r i f y p o s itio n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv en w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s
in v o lv in g a ll p h a se s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s
o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te ­
g r a te d p r o d u c tio n s ch e d u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y ite m o f e a c h type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s
and a p p ro p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d b y the c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
the im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s .
M ak es r e c o m ­
m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r
obtain in g equipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a s s is t.

OR
W o rk s on a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r
c la s s A. W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id an ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r alin em en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .

D RAFTSM AN

C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i fy its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T ,

BUSINESS— C on tinued

m ain tain in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in tain in g in v e n to r y a c c o u n ts
in a m a n u fa ctu rin g or. w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be ap p lied .

to

C la s s B . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in tain in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank,

C o p ie s p la n s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in gs and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in clu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r im a r ily
c o n s is t in g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d

N U R SE, IN D U ST R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju re d ; attending t o su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ealth e d u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , ev a lu a tion o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty of- a ll p e r s o n n e l.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t s u ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s u sin g a v a r ie t y




CARPEN TER,

M A IN TE N A N C E — C on tinued

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g
sta n d a rd shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

18
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s s u ch as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce ,
o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : I n s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l equ ipm en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its , con du it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m
b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g sta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and
t e s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce e l e c t r i c ia n r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h ten in g b o d y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u tom otiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
t ic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , ST A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m ain ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a t io n o f s ta tio n a r y en gin e s and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) t o su p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m ain tain in g equ ipm en t
s u ch as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e ra tin g e q u ip m en t, s te a m b o i le r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m ak in g equ ipm en t r e p a i r s ; and
k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o i le r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r gas o r o i l b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe t y v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i le r r o o m equ ipm en t.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s ,i n the s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i fi c
o r g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g .w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n ­
fin e d t o su p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls and cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in
o th e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that a re
a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll - t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a t io n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e t o o l s , su ch as j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s t r u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setups
o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts du rin g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed d r e s s ­
in g, to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s tr y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh ops
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n .
M A C H IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ­
ic a l equ ipm en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g
w ritte n in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h an d tools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g stan d ard m a ch in e
t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a r ts t o c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m ak in g stan dard sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g t o
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f the c o m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm en t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts into m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch h a n d tools as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o 'e s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r ts f r o m s t o c k ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g




A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)— C on tinued

M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : E x am in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtained
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t part b y a m a ch in e sh op o r sending o f the
m a ch in e t o a m a c h in e sh op f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a ch in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
equ iva le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
du tie s in v o lv e se ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r
h e a v y equipm ent w hen ch an ges in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p r in ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; usin g
a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m aking stan d ard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tre n gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c t in g stan d ­
a r d t o o ls , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t su ch as d r iv e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
equ ipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

the

m o v in g p a rts

o r w e a r in g s u r fa c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN TE N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an es ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r pain tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f il l e r
in n ail h o le s and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f the m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to l o ­
ca te p o s it io n o f pipe f r o m d ra w in g s o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe
to c o r r e c t le n gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u tt in g m a c h in e ; th r e a d ­
ing p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ben d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith co u p lin g s and fa ste n in g p ipe to h a n g e rs ; m ak in g sta n d a rd sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m ak in g sta n d a rd te s t s to d e te r m in e w h eth er
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y en ga g ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita ­
tio n o r heatin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the plu m bin g s y s t e m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow led ge
j f s a n ita r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n o f ven ts and t r a p s in plu m bin g s y s t e m ; in s ta llin g o r r e ­
p a ir in g p ip e s and fix t u r e s ; and open in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a plu n g er o r p l u m b e r 's sn ak e. In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l equ ipm en t and f i x ­
tu r e s (s u ch a s m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila to r s , ch u te s , d u cts ,
m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lan n in g and layin g
out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ;
se ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y of

19
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN TE N A N C E — G ontinued

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R — C ontinued

h a n d tools in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , fo r m in g , sh apin g, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e tm e ta l a r t ic l e s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g o f
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ipm en t; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m eta l p a rts d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p ro p r ia te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rounded
tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip
o r equ iva le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; jig m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r ; gage m ak er)
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g in g s ,
p u n ch in g, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lan n in g and
layin g out of w o r k fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
sh ops a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n .

t o o l and die m a k e r s in t o o l and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G U ARD AN D W AT CH M AN
G u a rd . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m ain tain in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d e s g a te m e n w h o a r e sta tio n e d at gate
and c h e c k on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tch m a n . M ak es rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y again st f ir e ,
th eft, and i lle g a l e n try.
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

SH IPPIN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n ow led g e o f shipping
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m akin g up b ills o f la d in g , p os tin g w eigh t and sh ippin g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f ile o f shipping r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip ­
m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s of
sh ip m en ts a ga in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m a in tain in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

(S w e e p e r; ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as f o llo w s :
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , ap a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in vo lve
a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g, m op p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting e q u ip m e n t,"fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ash in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H AN DLIN G
(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h ou sem a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L oa d in g and unloadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; un p ack in g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and unload sh ips a re
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tria l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
eq u ip m en t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f esta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M a n u factu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il es ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o lo a d o r unload tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in g ood w ork in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d b y s iz e and type o f eq u ip m en t,
as f o llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c ity .)

O R D ER F IL L E R
(O r d e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u s e stockm an )
F i l ls shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s t o r e d m e r ch a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d itio n
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n ad d ition a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d du ties.

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under IV2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a il e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , oth er than t r a il e r type)

TR UC KE R,

POW ER

P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r shipm ent o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c i fi c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d be in g depen dent upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f
units to be p a ck ed , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u ir e s the
p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
edge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i fy content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e
o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and app lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tifyin g
data on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m ake w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .




O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s ajre c la s s i f ie d b y type o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
T ru cker,
T ru cker,

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

A vailable O n

R e q u e s t -----

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilen e, Tex.
Alaska
A l b a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d ria , La.
A l p e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A m a r illo , Tex.
A n n A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C it y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , G a .—S.C .
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif .
Baton R o u g e , La.
B i l l i n g s , M o n t.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Con n.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C h e y e n n e , W y o.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , K y.
C o lo r a d o Springs, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , Ga.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D o th a n , A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n.—W is .
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a so, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. Dak.—Minn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itch bu rg -L eom in ster, M ass.
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —O kla .
F r e d e r i c k - H a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
G r e a t F a l l s , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n S a l e m — ig h P o i n t , N .C .
W
H
H arrisb u rg, Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n t s v ille , A la .

C op ies of public re le a s e s are

K n o x v i l l e , T e n n.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , Nev.
L e x in g t o n , Ky.
L o w e r E a stern Shore, M d .-V a .
L y n c h b u r g , Va.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , Mich,
M eridian, M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e , T e n n.
N e w L o n d o n — r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n t u r a , C a lif .
V
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P i n e B lu ff , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H.—M a in e — a s s .
M
Pu eblo, C olo.
R e n o , N e v.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s . —Conn.
C
H
S t o c k to n , C a lif .
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T op ek a, Kans.
T u cson, A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a l l e j o — a pa , C a lif .
N
W ichita F a lls , Tex.
W il m in g t o n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

T h e e le v e n t h annual r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f it s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




A rea W age

Surveys

A l is t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e t in s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d stu dies c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H o u r D i v i s i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1970___________________________________
A lb a n y—S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1 ________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1971----------------------------------A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1971 —
A t la n t a , G a . , M a y 1971 -----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d ., Aug. 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1971 1 ----P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 _________________ __________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1 _________________________
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, N o v . 1970 1 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ______________________________
B u f f a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1_________________________________
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r . 1971 1 _____________________________
Canton, O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 1 __________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 197 1-------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , Jan. 1971---------------------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a ., Sept. 1970 1 __________________
C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970__________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io — y.—I n d . , F e b . 1971 1 --------------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1970 1 ------------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1970 1-------------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
F e b . 197 1----------------- --------------------- ------- --------------------- -----D a yton , O h i o , D e c . 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1971____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1971 1 ----------------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1970
-----—-----------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1971---------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1971 1 ------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1971 1 ----------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct . 1970 1___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1970 1 ---------------------------------------K a n s a s C it y , M o . —K a n s . , Sept. 1970 1
-----------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1971 ----------------H
L it tle R o c k — o r t h L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1971------------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and An ah eim r-San ta A n a r
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1971 1 ------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—I n d . , N o v . 1970------------- --——----------------L u b b o c k , . T e x . , M a r . 1971----------- -- — — — — — -----------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1971------ -----------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n.—A r k . , N o v . 1970-----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1970 1 __________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971------ —_____________
M ilw a u k e e ) W i s . , M a y 1971 ------ —-------- — ---------------------M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n ., Jan. 1971___ _____________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1685-54,
1685-58,
1685-75,
1685-69,
1685-18,
1685-68,
1685-6,
1685-63,
1685-21,
16 8 5-1 1,
1685-43,
1685-59,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1685-48,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1685-53,
1685-28,
1685-33,
1685-22,

30 c e n ts
35cen ts
30cen ts
30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
50cen ts
35c e n ts
30ce n ts
40 c e n ts
35cen ts
50 c e n ts
50cen ts
35cen ts
30 c e n ts
30cen ts
30cen ts
35c e n ts
60 c e n t s
4 5 cen ts
50ce nts
4 0 ce n ts
5 0 ce nts

1685-51,
1685-45,
1685-41,
1685-70,
1685-77,
1685-25,
1725-3,
1685-78,
1685-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685-37,
1685-16,
1685-83,
1725-4,

30cents
40 ce n ts
35cen ts
3 0 c e n ts
50ce n ts
cen ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
40 cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

35
30
35
50
35
35
45
30
30

1685-66,
1 6 8 5 - 2 7 , 30
1 6 8 5 - 6 0 , 30
1725-2,
1685-30,
1 6 8 5 - 2 9 , 40
1 6 8 5 - 4 0 , 30
168 5 - 7 6 , 3 5
1685-44,

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




50ce n ts
ce nts
ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30cen ts
ce nts
ce n ts
c e n ts
40 ce nts

A rea
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , June 1971 ----------N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1971----------------------New H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 1971_____________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 197 1 1__________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1970 1_______________- _____________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p to n , V a . , Jan. 1971 1 ______________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., J u ly 1970________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1970 1 ________________________
P a t e r so n — l i f t o r r - P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1971_____________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v. 1970________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , June 1971________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1971 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v . 1970_______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1971----------------------------------P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R.I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1971 1 _________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1 9 7 0 * ________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1971 ----------------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
A u g . 1970___________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1971--------------------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1971 1_________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah, Nov. 1970 1-----------------------------------San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1971 1___________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r sid e— n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 1970 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v. 1970---------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1970--------------------O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970----------------------------------------------Savannah, G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 _________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1971--------------------------------------------------Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1971 1-------------------------------S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k., D e c . 1970 1
-------------------------------------South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1971---------------------------------------------S p o kan e , W a s h . , June 1970 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970--------------------- ---T o l e d o , O h ic r -M ic h ., A p r . 1971 1 ________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 _______________________________
U t ica — o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
R
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . —V a . , A p r . 1971___________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1971------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Io w a , N o v . 1970 1
______________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1971________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1971----------------------------------------------- ----------Y o u n g s to w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1970__________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1685-82,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1660-89,

30 c e n ts
40 ce n ts
30 cents
40 cents
75 ce n ts

1685-46,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1685-49,
1 6 85- 19,
1685-85,

35
30
35
35
50
30
50
30
35

1685-80,
1685-12,
1685-62,

40 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1685-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1685-26,
1685-81,

30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1685-52,
1685-38,
1685-61,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685- 17,
1685-74,
1 6 8 5- 15,
1685-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1685-32,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

40 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 cen ts
35 cen ts
30 ce nts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30 cen ts
35 cen ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 cen ts
30 cen ts

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PR IV ATE USE, $300




FIRST CLASS M A IL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR