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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area
May 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-67




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Area Wage Survey
The Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area




May 1967

Bulletin No. 153(M>7
June 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

P reface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d etailed d a ta b y se le c te d in d u stry d ivision s for each
of the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d i n t o on e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
i n f o r m a t i o n w hich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ited S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T ab le s:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A -1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d w o m e n _________________________
m
A -2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d w o m e n __
m
A -3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________ -_______________________
A -4. M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l l y i n e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t of th e a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , i n M a y 1967. Th e S t a n d a r d
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u
o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s o f B e r g e n and
P assaic
C ou n ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the
B u r e a u ’ s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , H e r b e r t
B i e n s t o c k , D i r e c t o r ; b y G e r a l d P . I a n n u z z i , u n d e r the d i ­
r e c t io n of T h o m a s N. W akin.
T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e l l e r , A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




1
3

areas.

N O T E : S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r.)

a v a ila b le fo r other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c
a r e a i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r w o m e n ' s an d m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s
( M a r c h 1 966).

iii

2
3
5
7
8
9
10
13




Area Wage Survey
The Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 86 in w h ic h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ’ s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t- o f - liv in g
b o n u s e s an d i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w eekly e arn in g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y by m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s an d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s .
M ajo r
in d u stry g r o u p s exclu ded fro m th ese stu d ies are g o v ern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the
b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t pu b lic atio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o site , a re aw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g an d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m t h e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in an y o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n t r ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e giv en th eir a p p r o p r ia te w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ied.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e of the s t u d y an d n ot the n u m b e r a c ­
tu ally su rv ey e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , t h e e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
in gs data.

O c c u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w ­
i n g t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (Z) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n i n d u t i e s w it h in
th e s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d a n d d e ­
s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w in g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d i n t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (Z) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s ­
tab lish m e n t data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b ulletin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
this a r e a .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r ie n c e d w om e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; sc h e d u le d w eekly
h o u r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p lan s
a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s
fo r this a r e a .

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in P a t e r so n — lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J . ,*
C
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , 2 M a y 1967
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u str y d iv isio n

A ll d i v i s i o n s -----------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 ----------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6____________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------S e r v i c e s 6 7 --------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

967

178

2 0 5 ,2 0 0

100

101, 610

50
-

6 39
328

94
84

1 3 8 ,0 0 0
6 7 ,2 0 0

67
33

6 3 ,5 3 0
38, 080

50
50
50
50
50

60
80
111
25
52

22
14
23
11
14

1 6 ,4 0 0
9, 100
28, 400
5, 50 0
7 , 800

8
4
14
3
4

10,
2,
16,
4,
3,

_

N um ber

S t u d ie d
P erc en t

950
5 20
830
300
480

1 T h e P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s
C
o f B e r g e n an d P a s s a i c C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e
s i z e an d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith
o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t
d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l an d th e 1963 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
I n c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f
d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s no t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t
s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s not d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T w o - t h ir d s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a i c
P
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g table* p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s and s p e c ific in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u str y g ro u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c i e n t i f i c , an d
c o n t r o l li n g i n s t r u m e n t s --------- 13
C h e m i c a l s --------------------------------- 10
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t -------- 9
A p p a r e l ------------------------------------ 8
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y ___________ 8
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ___________ 8
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----7
F o o d p r o d u c t s --------------------------- 6
R u b b er and m i s c e lla n e o u s
p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ______________
6

E n g in e e r in g , la b o r a t o r y , an d
s c i e n t i f i c and r e s e a r c h
i n s t r u m e n t s an d a s s o c i a t e d
e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------ 11
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ------------------- 5
D y e in g a n d fin is h in g t e x t i l e s
( e x c e p t w o o l f a b r i c s an d
k n it g o o d s ) ---------------------------4
M i s c e ll a n e o u s f a b r i c a t e d
r u b b e r p r o d u c t s _______________ 4
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u ip m e n t— 4

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a given tim e , e x p r e s se d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r io d (d ate of the a r e a s u r v e y co n d u cted
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate of the in d ex .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b etw een the in d ica ted d a te s .
T h ese estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r t h e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e a r e a .
M ethod of C om p u tin g

in the o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s ta n t w e ig h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em p loy m en ts w h e re v e r p o s s ib le .
Th e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a tio n s in the g r o u p w e r e to ta le d . The a g g r e g a t e s
for 2 con secu tive y e a r s w ere

related

by

d ividin g

the

a g g r e g a te for

t h e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r t h e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e earn in g s
f o r t h e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f t h e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t

T a b le 2.

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o tiv e )
P ain ters
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m en )—
C o n tin u e d
S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
A an d B
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A an d B

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m en ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B
C le r k s, a c c o u n t in g , c la s se s
A an d B
C le rk s, f i l e , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C le r k s, o rd er
C le r k s, p a y ro ll
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n c h o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
A and B
O ffic e b o y s and g irls

U n sk ille d p la n t (m e n ):
Ja n ito rs, po rters, and c le a n e r s
L ab o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g

In d u stria l nurses (m e n an d w o m en ):
N u rses, in d u stria l (re g is te re d )

In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s an d s t r a ig h t- tim e h o urly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u ps in P a terso n — lifto n — a ss a ic , N . J . ,
C
P
M ay 1967 an d M a y 1 9 6 6 , an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a se fo r s e le c t e d p e rio d s
In d e xe s
(M a y 1 9 6 1 = 1 0 0 )

Indu stry a n d o c c u p a t io n a l gro u p
M a y 1967

M a y 1966

P e rc e n ts o f in c re a se
M a y 1966
to
M ay 1967

M a y 1965
to
M a y 1966

M a y 1964
to
M a y 1965

M a y 1963
to
M a y 1 9 64

M a y 1962
to
M a y 1963

M a y 1961
to
M a y 1962

M ay 1960
to
M ay 1961

A l l in d u strie s:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) -------------------In d u str ia l nu rses ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) -----------------S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) -------------------------------------

1 2 1 .4
1 2 1 .3
1 2 3 .4
1 2 5 .8

116. 7
11 9 . 3
1 1 9 .2
12 0 . 3

4 .0
1. 7
3. 5
4 .6

2. 8
2. 6
4. 4
6 .0

3. 2
3 .2
3 .4
2. 8

3 .0
1. 4
3. 8
1. 3

2 .7
5 .8
2 .2
5 .0

3 .9
5. 1
4. 1
3. 7

2 .4
5. 3
3 .9
6 .4

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) -------------------In d u stria l n u rses ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) -----------------S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) -------------------------------------

1 2 2 .4
1 2 0 .7
1 2 2 .6
1 2 3 .0

1 1 8 .0
120. 7
1 1 8 .6
11 8 . 6

3. 7
0
3. 4
3 .8

2.
2.
4.
5.

3. 1
2 .2
3. 5
3. 3

2 .6
3. 6
3. 3
1 .9

2 .9
6. 3
2 .5
2 .4

5 .6
5. 1
4 .0
4 .7

2 .0
5. 3
3 .8
5. 3




6
1
1
1

4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
of e a r n in g s at o v e r t im e p r e m iu m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid ay s, and la te sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r
s e l e c t e d key o c c u p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t of the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r ta n t
j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p .

C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in t h e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th oug h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m ay have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e re m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n s ta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m ay have rise n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u se h ig h e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(l) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age ch a n g e s,
(2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d by
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b
i n c l u d e d in the d a t a . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
D a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
t h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in t h e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n r - C li f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967)
Weekly < in gs1
jam
(stan dard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

-Num ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12C

125

130

1 35

140

150

16C

55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

11 0

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

over

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

8
2
6

2
1
1

15
10
5

17
2
15

14
3
11

13
6
7

13
12
1

14
12
2

44
37
7

1
1

35
35

14
13
1

11
10
1

-

4

4

6

12

10

2

2

3

5

3

6

-

-

-

23

-

-

-

11

1

1

-

20

3

3

4

1

11

5

3

5

9

5

4

3

35
28

21
21

16
13

12
8

10
7

2
1

5
5

6
6

1

_

_

_

_

“

~

3
3

10
10

1
1

14
14

5
1

13
13

1
1

16
13

18
15

l
1

7
7

12
10

4
4

_

1

5
4

5
1

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

50
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range2

an d
under

an d

M
EN
C L E R K S * ACCOUNTING, C L A SS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

201
143
58

37.5
38.5
35 .5

$
127.00
133.00
112.00

$
$
$
130 .5 0 1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
1 33.00 1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0
1 11.00 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

-

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

8 -

80

38 .5

1 08.50

1 06.00

8 7 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

-

CLERKS,

ORDER -----------------------------

89

37 .5

110 .5 0

11 5 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

-

-

O F F I C E BOYS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

155
118

3 8 .C
3 8 .5

72 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

o9.50
7 0.50

6 3 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 -

7 9 .5 0
79 .5 0

2
2

14
a

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

1C5
93

38 .5
3 8 .5

12 4 .5 0
1 24.00

127.00
1 26.50

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

_

_

~

“

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

92
59

38 .0
37 .5

1 0 9.00
105.00

105.00
10 4 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
l

10
10

8
8

28
14

6
6

15
10

8
5

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

14 6
95
51

38 .0
3 7 .0
39 .5

8 8 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
90 .5 0

87 .0 0
84.00
8 9 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

-

-

5
5
“

9
9
~

22
9
13

26
10
16

20
8
12

-

7
2
5

4
4

~

7
2
5

19
19

-

~

27
27

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OP ERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

232
185

3 7 .5
37 .5

9 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 6.00
97.50

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

_

_

_

_

66
45

36
35

18
17

27
25

29
18

14
14

_

_

”

20
17

_

**

22
14

_

~

~

~

~

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OP ERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

18 7
88
99

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
36 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

8 3 .00
88.00
79.00

7 6 .5 0 8 2 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 -

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

253
149
104

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
37 .5

1 08.50
11 0 .0 0
1 05.50

1 04.50
107.00
1 03.00

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

617
298
319

38 .0
39 .0
37 .0

8 6.50
89 .0 0
84 .5 0

84.50
8 5.50
83.00

7 8 .5 0 8 1 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

95 .5 0
98 .5 0
94 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A SS E ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

141
107

37.5
3 7 .0

7 4 .5 0
73 .0 0

74.00
73.00

6 9 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 -

81 .0 0
80 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

266
123
143

3 7 .0
37 .0
36 .5

65 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
59 .0 0

64 .5 0
71 .0 0
5 9.00

5 7 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 5 4 .0 0 -

7 2 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

C L E R K S , ORDER ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

223
12 1
1C2

3 7.0
37 .5
36 .5

8 6.00
8 7 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

8 8.00
87 .5 0
8 8 .00

7 4 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 - 99 .5 0
6 6 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

C L A SS

-

31
23

_

_

~

WOMEN

S e e fo o tn o te s

a t e n d o f t a b le ,




9 1 .0 0
99 .5 0
86 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

_
~

_

3

-

-

-

3

17
1
16

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
-

-

-

1

26
2
24

73
20
53

_

_

-

“

8
8

34
27

46
2
44

43
9
34

50
16
34

1

15
15

11
4
7

1

-

~

15
8
7

32
6
26

39
20
19

26
15
11

29
14
15

3
3

21
21

2
_
-

_
-

_
-

12
3
9

34
21
13

10
2
8

61
38
23

24
7
17

28
18
10

9
8
1

10
10

5
4
1

23
21
2

3
3
-

6
6
-

12
12

_
-

-

16
8
8

82
33
49

147
89
58

76
40
36

49
24
25

75
24
51

16
15
1

23
23
“

12
8
4

7
4
3

20
16
4

1
1

1
1

3

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

5

“

-

36
32

23
13

24
18

7
4

5
1

4
4

43
30
13

45
30
15

9
7
2

8
8

18
18

3
3
-

1

11
11

20
18
2

23
21
2

20
16
4

9
3
6

44
29
15

28
14
14

9
9

3
2
1

7
1
6

3

_

_

-

-

-

~

3

—

2
-

19
4
15

“

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

“

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n —C li f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967)

N u m b e r of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

(

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

WOMEN -

55

60

65

7C

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

11G

115

12C

1 25

130

135

140

150

160

55

Sex, occu p a tio n, and in d u stry d iv isio n

60

65

70

75

80

33

90

95

10 0

105

11C

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

over

-

7
2
5

19
16
3

30
19
11

21
13
8

21
17
4

30
9
21

24
18
6

7
5
2

16
12
4

31
25
6

-

3
3

“

4
4
“

6
6

1
1

1

-

“

“

16
11

21
14

16
4

4
3

5
2

5
3

3
3

_

_

1
“

_

_

50
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

an d
under

an d

CCNTINUEC

C L E R K S, PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

22 A
1 43
76

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

$
98 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

$
9 7 .0 0
98 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

$
$
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

-

“

~

3
1
2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 58
11 1

3 7 .0
36 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 -

9 9 .0 0
95 .5 0

1
1

3
3

9
9

7
7

6
6

16
15

21
16

24
14

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

435
26C
175

3 8. C
39 .0
37 .0

94 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

94 .5 0
96 .0 0
92 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0

_
~

_
“

_
“

_
-

5
5
“

23
7
16

38
22
16

58
26
32

102
57
45

93
62
31

35
19
16

48
36
12

12
8
4

21
18
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

-

"

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------

39 1
108
283
65

38 .0
3 8.5
3 8 .0
37 .0

8 2 . 50
8 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 -

-

-

38
3
33
“

27
4
23
3

68
36
32
16

84
21
63
21

56
9
47
7

30
7
23
10

22
8
14
~

20
9
11
5

_
-

1C
1
9
3

3
2
1
"

3
3
-

7
1
6
~

8
8
“

1
1

4
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1C
6
4
-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------

2 , 04 7
1,581
466
34

38 .5
3 8 .5
37 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 0.50
1C 1 . 5 0
1 20.50

1 0 7 .5 0
H C . 00
1 0 0 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

152
119

3 8 .0 124 .5 0
3 8 . C 125.00

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 8.00

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

433
34 3
9C

3 8 . C 116 .5 0
3 8 .5 119 .0 0
3 7 .0 1 07.50

1 1 6 .5 0
118.50
1 0 9.00

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

_
-

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL AS S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

639
533
10 6

3 9 .0 11 0 .5 0
3 9 . C 110 .5 0
38 .5 110.50

109.00
10 9 .5 0
106 .5 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LAS S D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

816
586
230

38 .5
9 9 .5 0
3 9 .C 102.50
37 .5
9 2 .0 0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

385
213
17 2

3 7 .5
38 .5
3 7 .C

8 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

532
40 5
12 7

3 8 .5
38. 5
3 9 .0

A -------

61

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LAS S B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

8 8 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
86 .0 0

1
_

“

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

9
3
6

38
14
24

123
82
41
-

134
84
50
-

166
134
32
1

205
136
69
3

250
184
66
4

189
156
33
1

199
175
24
“

211
171
40
3

128
104
24
6

101
89
12
4

96
84
12
1

82
67
15
8

63
55
8
3

33
30
3
-

16
13
3

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

14
14

_

-

1
-

_

“

-

14
12

25
22

11
3

13
6

6
5

16
13

14
12

29
24

3
3

6
5

_
-

7
7
-

-

1

16
12
4

17
14
3

25
15
10

59
42
17

19
6
13

46
29
17

78
66
12

36
31
5

30
24
6

30
3C
~

14
14
-

22
21
1

27
26
1

6
6
-

3
3

6
6
-

24
20
4

24
14
10

39
27
12

69
56
13

90
78
12

77
69
8

61
59
2

73
62
11

42
36
6

28
25
3

33
26
7

53
41
12

10
8
2

3
1
2

4.

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

_

_

2

2

6

-

-

-

-

2

2

6

25
1
24

97
62
35

91
58
33

110
93
17

97
51
46

1 01
64
37

79
69
1C

66
65
1

49
40
9

35
31
4

37
35
2

17
15
2

_

-

8 6 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
79 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 8 3 .5 0 7 C .00-

_

_

1

-

-

-

62
43
19

56
42
14

45
31
14

49
38
11

33
19
14

4
3
1

17
10
7

4
4
“

_
~

_
-

_
-

7

41
19
22

_
-

-

31
4
27

_
-

“

36
36

9 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
88 .0 0

9 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
88 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 0 . 5C- 9 5 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

14
14

21
8
13

54
33
21

96
77
19

100
76
24

98
78
20

28
25
3

83
76
7

1
1

16
15
1

9
9
~

3
2
1

4
4

1
1

1
1

3 9 .5

1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

1

-

3

10

5

6

6

4

4

-

15

-

4

-

-

3

~

-

87
69

3 8 .0
38.5

82 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

82 .0 0
79 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

91 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

4
4

_

2
2

6
4

18
18

8
3

16
13

5
3

_

9
4

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

2
1

_

“

11
11

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I C N IS T S MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------

43 3
299
134
47

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
38 .5

8 7 .5 0
89 .0 0
83 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
89 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 8 3 .0 0 7 5 .5 0 7 9 .5 0 -

9 6 .5 0
97 .5 0
91 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

_
-

_
-

34
12
22
5

52
31
21
8

63
36
27
3

95
77
18
18

37
26
11
4

75
71
4
”

23
14
9
5

18
13
5
3

1C
4
6

_

6
6
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
9
4
~

l

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

127
123

3 5.5
3 5 .5

83 .0 0
8 3 . 50

83 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 7 5 .5 0 -

9 3 .0 0
93 .5 0

12
12

19
16

29
28

,,

16
16

22
22

16
16

6
6

_

_

6

~

~

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

S e e fo o tn o te s

C LAS S

at end o f ta b le .




9 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

-

~
_

_

“

"

_

1

-

1
1

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

"
_
-

_
-

~

-

_
-

_
-

“
-

~
_

_

“
1
1

_
~

~
_

_
_

_

_
~

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n —C li f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex , occupation,

Number
of
workers

and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

£

£

£

50
Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

60

£

65

£

70

90

75

$

$

95

$

$

105

100

110

£

£

115

$

120

125

$

$

140

60

65

70

75

80

95

100

105

110

8

21
21

23
13

25
18

46
38

11
5

26
14

17
11

27
27

50
44

15
15

50
50

26
26

123
42
81
2

216
154
62
2

91
64
27
3

32
21
11
3

22
10
12
7

9
8
1

and

1 50

160

oyer

9
9

87
66
21
1

160

-

8
8

48
36

150

-

an d
under
55

WOMEN -

£

55

2
2
-

115

12C

12 5

130

135

14 0

CONTINUED

TRA NS CR IB IN G- M AC H IN E OPERATORS
GENERAL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

17 3
11 8

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

$
89 .0 0
8 9.50

$
9C .50
9 1.00

$
8 2 .0 0 8 3 .0 0 -

$
9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

250
226

38 .5
3 8 .5

8 9.50
9 0 .0 0

88.50
89.50

8 2 .0 0 8 2 .5 0 -

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------

778
423
355
31

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
39 .0

7 6.50
7 9 .0 0
7 3 . 50
79 .0 0

7 7 .0 0
78 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 -

83 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
79 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

2

:
10
10
-

2
1

28
28
-

1

47
20
27
5

103
35
68
8

( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th an the r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n the
higher rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
4 M a y i n c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o ccupation,

Number
of
workers

and in d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t f a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

£

$

$

$

£

£

$

S

$

$

£

£

$

$

£

£

£

$

$

90

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

1 45

15 0

155

160

17 0

1 80

190

200

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

145

150

15 5

160

17C

18 0

190

200

over

3

T nJ e r
T
85
U d
S
and
under
85

8

1
1

23

53
51

38
38

4C

41
41

51

22
22

3
3

24

41
41

41
39

17
16

21
17

80
80

10
1C

11

9

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

MEN
$

$

$

1 66.00

1 63.00
164.00

1 5 3 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

1 * 0 . uu

145.00
146.00

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

149
14 2

3 9 .0 111.50
3 9. C 112.50

112.00
1 13.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
IC C .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

6
4

4
3

14

105

39.0

118.50

1 2 0.00

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

2

9
8

1

r\n * r 1 j u K
r Arc a
UKAr t t n trNif LiL A o o A — — — — — — —
— — — — —
UAMliC APTIlDThir
rlAnJUrAt 1 UKlINb
—
— —
_ — —

28 3

39• 5
39 .5

n n at t c n t i T f uLAc c
ri a o o
UKAr l o u c k i
U A M II C A T 1 I K l r
rAnlUrAb T IUO IlM\o

282
262

3 9 .0
39 .5

^

d r a f t s m e n

*

Aft'

c l a s s

. ................ —
— —
— —

c
j

c

— — — — —
— — — —
f

c

MANUFACTURING

—

---------------------------------------——
-------------- —---------

—

—

1 44.00

$

2

16

16

lb

15
15

7

14
11

10

,

12
12

11

5

^A
34

A
1

6

WOMEN
NURSES,

IN D U ST R IA L

U I N r A t 1 1 n Kirr AA ,11U(C A r TU1K ItI N u

(REGISTERED)

———

— _ —

-------—

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n of t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .




rec eiv e their

regular

straigh t-tim e

4
4

salaries

_

11
11

(exclusive

11

15
11

11
10

14
11

of p ay fo r o v e r tim e

10

4
2

at r e g u l a r

an d/or

prem ium

rates),

an d th e e a r n i n g s

correspond

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n — li f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967)
C
P
Average

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Average

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
workers

O ccu p atio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

-

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

151
ICG
51

3 8 .0
37 .5
3 9 .5

$
8 9 .0 0
88 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING—MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

234
185

37 .5
3 7 .5

97 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NOiMMANUFACTURI N G -----------------------------

187
88
99

3 7 .C
3 7.0
36 .5

8 2 .0 0
87 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LAS S A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

454
292
16 2

37 .5 1 1 6.50
38. C 12 1 .0 0
3 7 .0 108.00

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

69 7
339
358

38 .0
3 9 .C
3 7 .5

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS E ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

148
1C 7

37.5
3 7 .C

7 5 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , CLA SS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

266
12 3
143

37.0
37 .0
36 .5

6 5 .0 0
72 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

C L E R K S , ORDER ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

312
186
126

3 7 .C
37 .5
37 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

15 8
H i

37. C
3 6 .0

3 8 .G
39 .0
36.5

$
95 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
92 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS E ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

392
10 9
283
65

3 8 .C
38 .5
38 .0
3 7 .C

8 2.50
8 1.50
8 2 . 50
79.50

O FF IC E BOYS AND G I R L S -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

193
147

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

72 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

SE C R E T A R I ES 3-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

2,0 4 7
1,581
466
34

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
37 .5
3 8 .0

1 08.50
1 10.50
1 01.50
120.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LAS S A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

152
11 9

3 8 .0
38 .0

124.50
125.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

433
343
9C

3 8.0 1 16.50
3 8.5 11 9 .0 0
3 7 . C 1C 7.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL A SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

639
533
1 06

39.0
39.0
38.5

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL A SS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

816
586
230

3 8 .5
9 9 .5 0
3 9 .C 1 02.50
3 7 .5
9 2 . CO

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

385
213
172

3 7.5
3 8.5
3 7. C

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIO F ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

56C
433
127

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
39.0

9 5 .0 0
9 7 . CO

A -------

61

39.5

88

7C

38.€
3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS*

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a tio n , and o th er public u t i li t ie s .
3 M a y i n c l u d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th an t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Weekly
earnings
(standard)

$
8 7. 50
8 9 . CO
8 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

CONTINUED

8 6 .0 0

9 0 . 50
81 .0 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR -REC EPT I C N I S T S MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------

433
299
134
47

38. C
38. C
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LAS S A --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

11 8
1C 6

38 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 3.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

116
61
55

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
38 .0

105.50
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 5.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LAS S C --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

16 8
14 7

3 5 .5
35 .0

8 5 .0 0
84.5 0

TRANSC RI 8IN G- MAC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------ ------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

17 3
118

3 7 .5
3 3 .0

89 .0 0
89 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLA SS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

251
227

38 .5
3 8 .5

8 9 .5 0
9 C .50

T Y P I S T S , C LAS S B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------

785
430
355
31

38 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

7 6 . 50
7 9 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 9.00

DRAFTSMEN, C LAS S A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

294
264

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

16 5 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LAS S B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

284
264

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

144.00
1 4 5 .0 0

102.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

151
1 44

3 9 .0 1 1 1 .5 0
3 9 . C 1 1 2 .5 0

8 2.50
8 0.00

N U R SE S, IN DU STR IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 09
90

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

110.50
11 0 .5 0
11 0 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

o

99 .5 0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5 101.50
3 7 .C

44 6
265
18 1

Number
of

O

245
165
80

in
O'

C L E R K S , PAYROLL — J-------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------;MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

their r e g u la r

CL A SS

straigh t-tim e

salaries

(exclu siv e

8 8 .0 0

of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e

at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates),

119 .5 0
11 9 .5 0

a n d th e e a r n i n g s

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n — li f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 19 6 7 )
C
P
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—

Hourly earnings

$

187
159

$
3.5 5
3 .4 7

$
3 .4 7
3 .4 8

$
3 .3 0 3 .3 1 -

522
486

3 .5 6
3.5 3

3.6 2
3.6 1

3 .3 4 3 .3 2 -

3 .7 7
3 .7 6

E N G I N E E R S , STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

17 2
1C 5
67

3.8 2
3 .5 9
4 .1 9

3.7 6
3 .5 7
4 .4 2

3 .5 0 3 .3 5 3 .7 4 -

F IR E M E N , STATIONARY BO ILE R --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

353
343

2 .9 7
2 .9 6

2 .9 7
2 .9 7

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

130
93

2 .6 4
2 .6 9

30

MACHINE-TOOL O PER AT ORS , TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

104
104

M A C H I N I S T S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

$

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .6 0

2 .5 0

-

-

$

-

2 .7 0

$

2 .8 0
-

2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

-

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

-

-

-

4 .0 7
3 .9 9
4 .8 3

-

-

2 .7 0 2 .7 0 -

3 .1 7
3 .1 7

7
6

1

2 .5 6
2 .6 0

2 .4 0 2 .4 4 -

2 .8 5
2 .8 7

5

27
21

20
6

2 .5 7

2 .4 5

2 .4 0 -

2 .8 5

2

6

14

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

3.2 5
3 .2 5

3 .1 7 — 3 .4 1
3 .1 7 - 3 .4 1

498
488

3 .5 0
3 .4 9

3 .4 8
3 .4 7

3 .2 7 3 .2 6 -

3 .6 6
3 .6 5

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

437
79
358
326

3 .3 7
3 .4 8
3.3 4
3 .3 7

3 .3 6
3 .4 4
3 .3 5
3 .3 7

3 .2 6 3 .3 1 3 .2 6 3 .2 8 -

3 .4 7
3 .7 5
3 .4 5
3 .4 6

4
4
-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

678
610
68

3.3 5
3 .3 3
3.5 4

3 .4 9
3 .5 0
3 .4 7

2 .9 4 2 .9 0 3 .4 0 -

3 .6 8
3 .6 7
3 .8 4

-

4

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

183
18 3

3.5 3
3 .53

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

3 .7 6
3 .7 6

-

O I L E R S ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

148
14 2

2.6 8
2 .6 6

2 .6 4
2 .6 2

2 .3 7 2.3 6 -

3 .0 4
3 .0 2

4
4

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

88
80

3.3 7
3.38

3 .3 4
3 .3 9

3 .0 7 3 .1 0 -

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

364
355

3.56
3 .55

3.6 5
3 .5 9

3 .4 6 3 .4 5 -

3 .8 2
3 .8 1

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

57
57

3 .4 7
3.47

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .2 8 3 .2 8 -

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

TOOL AND DI E MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

425
425

3.68
3.6 8

3 .7 0
3.7 0

3 .473 .4 7 -

3 .8 6
3 .8 6

1
“
-

“
-

-

-

-

_

$
3 .2 0
_

(

$

$

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

_

-

-

$

$

3.6 0

$

3 .7 0
_

-

$

$

$

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4.C C

4 .1 0

-

_

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

over

-

9

15

2
1

_

$

-

1

1

_
_

_

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

9
9

24
16

14
13

44
37

8
7

17
17

44
44

1
1

2
1

-

-

-

-

34
34

30
30

17
17

53
53

39
39

41
35

85
80

9C
86

19
19

27
25

38
37

1
1

l

4
4

4
4
-

9
8
1

9
8
1

5
5
-

10
9
1

21
21
-

14
5
9

15
7
8

10
10

10
10
-

24
24
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

35

_

-

27
25

8
8

-

-

_

7
~

1

21
21

45
45

32
32

16
16

88
88

16
15

9
5

21
21

15
11

6
5

9
9

_

7

16
16

-

-

~

36
36

33
33

9
9

14
14

4
4

8
8

10
10

12
12

41
41

93
93

10
10

105
105

7C
67

53
53

4
4

2

18
12
6
6

87
2
85
63

124
16
108
108

91
17
74
74

8
4
4
4

1
1
1

40
10
30
30

3
2
1

19
11
8

20
16
4

84
59
25

117
116
1

53
53
-

105
97
8

38
36
2

-

3

6
6

2
2

84
84

2
2

24
24

1
1

35
35

“

1
-

7
7
6
-

_
_

_

_

I

13
1
12
12

_

-

8
1
7
6

72
72

68
68

28
28

36
36

_

3
3

52
52

10
10

1
1

23
12
11
10

-

-

3

31
31

6
-

6
6

“

_
-

-

-

-

12
12

-

_
“
_
-

-

6

_

-

-

2
2

6
_

19
19

2
2

_

-

~

7
7

4
4

3
3

21
21

1
1

13
13

2
2

22
19

14
14

5
2

9
3

13
13

7
7

9
8

6
6

5
5

6
6

16
16

5
5

_
-

7
7

-

3
3

6
6

22
22

8
8

8
8

6
6

34
34

72
72

10
10

74
74

66
64

30
29

6
-

3
3

5
5

8
8

-

_

29
29

2
2

8
8

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

8
8

_
-

60
60

28
28

59
59

71
71

59
59

17
17

48
48

14
14

_

3
3

4
4

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

51
51

335

4
4

3

_

3 .4 0

29
29

3

4

3 .3 0

11
10

-

14
14

3 .2 0

4 .3 0
j
a na

-

3 .1 0

50
50

_

-

4.2 0

19
19

1

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 13 at $ 4 . 4 0 t o $ 4 . 5 0 ; 21 a t $ 4 . 8 0 t o $ 4 . 9 0 ; a n d 1 a t
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .




$
3 .1 0

12
12
-

1
2
3
4

$
3 .0 0
-

$
3 .7 2
3 .7 2

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

$

2 .4 0

C AR PE N TE RS , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

$

TT ,
2 .3 0 2 .4 0
Under
$
an d
_
2 .3 0 under

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

$

-

19
19

$ 5 .1 0 to

$5.20.

59
59

_

_
-

_

_
-

_

1
_

-

_
-

_
-

2
2

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n — li f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 7 )
C
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—

H ourly earnings

O cc u p atio n 1 and in d u stry div isio n

N um ber
of
w orkers

$
$
$
$
1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0
M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran g e 3

and
under

$
1.8 0

1 .9 0

_

_

$
1 .7 0

$
$
$
$
2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

$
2 .3 0
_

$
2 .4 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

_

_

2 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

$
3 .2 0
_

$
3 .30
_

_

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .50

3 .6 0

_

an d

1.5 0

1.7 0

1.80

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .70

2.8C

2.9 C

3.C C

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .40

3 .50

3 .6 0

over

12
12

3
3

4
4

26
2
24

21
2
19

19
2
17

38
38

9
4
5

45
17
28

4
4
-

25
25

15
14
l

21
21
-

42
39
3

13
13
-

-

56
54
2

6
6
-

4
4

11
1
10

20
14
6

-

-

-

-

$
2 .4 7
2 .7 8
2 .0 6

$
2 .0 4 2 .6 2 1 .8 4 -

2.8 8

2 .8 2

2 .7 0 -

3 .0 6

-

-

2

2

*

i

-

-

11

21

37

13

"

50

-

-

1

14

-

2 .3 0
2 .4 0
2 .0 7
2 .5 7

2 .3 7
2 .4 6
1 .9 9
2 .6 6

1 .9 5 2 .0 7 1 .6 5 2 .5 8 -

2 .7 5
2 .8 0
2 .6 3
2 .8 1

63
29
34
-

10 1
25
76
-

28
11
17
-

139
72
67
-

59
32
27
-

49
32
17
6

19 8
142
56
11

38
30
8
1

87
75
12
3

94
75
19
2

126
119
7
2

89
89

11 1
62
49
43

120
97
23
7

178
151
27
27

125
92
33
-

48
48

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

144
70
74

1.9 7
2 .2 7
1 .69

1.9 1
2 .1 3
1.6 3

1 .6 1 2 .0 2 1 .5 2 -

2 .1 5
2 .8 0
1 .8 9

14
14

21
21

13
4
9

9
8
1

15
2
13

9
9

18
18
~

18
12
6

-

1
1

3
2
1

1
1

-

5
5

14
14

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

LAB ORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

2, 577
977
1 ,600
1, 172

2 .7 2
2 .4 0
2 .9 1
3 .1 1

3 .0 8
2 .3 7
3 .1 4
3 .1 5

2 .3 3 2 .1 1 3.1C 3 .1 2 -

3 .1 5
2 .6 7
3 .1 7
3 .1 8

3

43
22
21

41
14
27

51
7
44

15

75
71
4

130
124
6

75
65
10

130
41
89

238
197
41

109
109

13
11
2

148
103
45

1 03
102
1
1

23
19
4
-

23
19
4
4

85
13
72
36

1155
57
1098
1017

115
1
114
114

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

1,242
486
756

2 .7 7
2 .5 5
2.9 1

2 .8 5
2 .7 0
3 .1 4

2 .4 3 2 .0 8 2 .5 2 -

3 .1 9
2 .8 3
3 .2 1

-

771
686

2 .6 9
2 .71

2 .7 5
2 .7 6

2 .5 3 2 .5 6 -

2 .9 3
2 .9 3

-

394
193
201

$
2 .4 7
2 .8C
2 .1 6

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

152

J A N I T O R S , P O RT E RS , AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

1,653
1, 181
472
1C2

J A N I T O R S , PO RT E RS , AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

PACKE RS, SH I P P I N G -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

$
2 .8 9
3 .0 5
2.4 1

1 .6 0

-

3

-

-

15

17
6
11

29
18
11

1
1

-

35
24

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

120
120
-

85
14
71

13
13
~

18
18
-

92
2
90

65
29
36

33
23
10

116
10 4
12

64
58
6

8
2
6

27
27

270
2
268

281
73
208

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

25
14

8
8

29
Id

42
42

28
24

72
56

32
32

202
186

45
45

180
174

4
-

10
10

7
1

35
35

1
1

-

10
10

_

3
3
~

( WCMEN) -----------------

220

1.8 7

1 .7 0

1 .6 0 -

2 .1 6

38

16

59

14

15

-

17

11

31

4

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

RECE IVI NG CL ERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4C7
247
160

2 .9 7
2 .9 6
2 .9 8

3 .1 0
3 .0 5
3 .2 1

2 .6 9 2 .6 8 2 .7 1 -

3 .2 5
3.2 4
3 .2 6

-

”

“

2
2

-

“

2
2

l
1

3
8
-

8
8
“

24
15
9

34
22
12

25
12
13

24
9
15

50
38
12

4
4
“

23
17
6

21
19
2

16C
85
75

9
9

_

10
10
-

2
2

SH I P PI N G CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

216
99
117

2 .9 8
2 .8 7
3 .0 8

3.0 1
2 .8 3
3 .2 2

2 .7 2 2 .6 5 2 .8 9 -

3 .2 5
3 .1 3
3 .2 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

_

8
8

17
1
16

“

19
19

15
10
5

29
20
9

12
12

12
8
4

7
7
-

76
12
64

2
2
“

_

7
7

5
5
-

SH I P PI N G AND RE CE IV IN G CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

256
173
83

2 .8 4
2 .8 6
2 .8 0

2 .9 5
2 .9 6
2 .6 9

2 .5 3 2 .5 6 2 .2 8 -

3 .1 8
3 .1 3
3 .2 6

-

-

-

_

-

-

3

4

18

-

20
20
-

26
26
-

37
34
3

42
11
31

_

-

18

12
12
“

_

4

3
2
1

-

3

44
34
10

6
6

“

28
22
6

-

~

-

1
_
1

12
6
6

TRUCKDRI VERS5 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

2 ,5 5 8
40 6
2 , 152
1,777

3 .2 8
3.0 2
3 .3 3
3.4 2

3 .3 7
3 .0 9
3 .4 0
3 .4 2

3 .1 7 2 .7 0 3 .3 2 3 .3 6 -

3 .4 4
3 .2 6
3 .4 5
3 .4 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

6
2
4

22
14
8

10
5
5

26
23
3

113
57
56

49
34
15
6

107
15
92
2

16
16
-

140
44
96
8

202
69
133
73

65
47
18
-

700
29
671
641

1073
26
1047
1047

11
11
-

14
14
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

245
213

3.0 6
3.1 1

3.1 1
3 .1 7

2 .8 4 2 .8 6 -

3 .3 4
3 .3 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

4
4

-

5
-

14
-

-

4
-

80
80

4
-

8
8

18
18

8
4

97
96

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

TR UCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TCN S) ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

1, 109
229
880
619

3 .2 2
3.0 2
3.2 7
3 .4 1

3 .3 4
3 .0 7
3 .3 5
3 .39

3 .0 9 2 .7 2 3 .1 8 3 .3 4 -

3 .41
3 .2 0
3 .4 2
3 .4 4

“

-

~

“

“

-

-

1
1

2
2
“

22
14
8

5
5

4
1
3

91
35
56

34
25
9

7
6
1

12
12
~

116
28
88

112
52
60

7
7

405
20
385
355

266
2
264
264

11
11

14
14

PA C KE RS ,

SH I P P IN G

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




~

~

-

-

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

H ourly earnings 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry div isio n

N um ber
of
worke rs

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0
M e an 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran g e 3

an d
under
1 .5 0

TRUCKDRIVERS

-

—
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

-

$
2 .1 0

—

1 .9 0

—

—

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

*
2 .2 0
-

$
2 .3 0
—

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0
,

2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

—

—

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .6 0
-

$
$
$
$
2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0
—

2 .7 0

—

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

—

-

$
3.0 0

*
$
$
$
3 .2 0 3.3 0 3 .4 0

—

—

3 .1 0

3 .20

3 .3 0

-

-

3 .40

$
3 .50
—

3 .5 0

3 .6 0
and

3 .6 0

over

CONTINUED

TR UC K DR IV ER S, HEAVY (OVER 4 TO NS ,
TR A IL ER TY PE ) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------5

822
795
783

$
3 .4 6
3 .4 7
3 .4 7

$
3 .4 5
3 .4 5
3 .4 5

$
3 .4 2 3 .4 2 3 .4 3 -

$
3 .4 7
3 .4 7
3 .4 8

TR UC K DR IV ER S, HEAVY (OVER 4 TO NS ,
OTHER THAN TR AI LE R TY P E) ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

271
70
201
190

3 .2 3
2 .9 1
3.3 4
3 .3 7

3 .3 3
3 .0 3
3.3 5
3 .3 5

3 .1 7 2 .6 4 3 .3 2 3 .3 3 -

3 .3 7
3 .1 5
3 .3 7
3 .3 8

TR UC K ER S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1,017
752
265

2 .7 9
2 .7 8
2 .8 2

2 .8 6
2 .8 1
3 .0 6

2 .4 8 2 .4 8 2 .4 8 -

3 .2 0
3 .1 1
3 .2 4

T R U C K ER S , POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

217
212

3.0 6
3 .0 6

3.11
3.11

3 .0 3 3 .0 3 -

3 .1 8
3 .1 8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

14
_
14

7
7

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

4
4

_

-

3
_
3

1 D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
3 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
4 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and other public u tilities.
5 I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e f i n e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e an d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




807
783
783

12
12

_

_

-

-

-

26
16
10

-

14

8

6

4
4

-

34
32
2

-

39
23
16

-

140
138
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

8

22

-

11

-

16
-

16
-

-

8
190
190

-

-

-

3
3
~

6
6
~

1
1
~

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6C
42
18

92
80
12

102
98
A

61
13
48

46
34
12

251
148
103

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

15
15

69
69

79
74

32
32

4
4

55
54
1

56
56
~

14
14

-

~




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureaufs wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary wodcers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shinning charges, and entrv of necessarv extensions.
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, O X persons.
C)
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

16

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respond
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
(''Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e. g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited'’ telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e&ension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

17
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

22

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e s e v e n t h an n ua l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn ey s, ch e m ists, en g in ee rs, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t r a t e c l e r k s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T ec h n ic a l, and
50 c e n t s a c op y .

National
Clerical

S u rv e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
Pay, F eb ru ary — arch 1966.
M

ft

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967-253-608/84




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y i n d i c a t i n g d a t e s of e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u l l e ti n s i s
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in g to n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io, J u n e 1966 1_______________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N .Y ., A p r . 1 9 6 7 __________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1967______________________
A lle n tow n — e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — . J . ,
B
N
F e b . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1966 1 _______________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N ov. 1966 1___________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1966 1___
P
O
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1967 1________________________
B o i s e C i t y , Ida h o, J u l y 1966 1__________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , O ct. 1 9 6 6 ______________________________

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1465-61,
153 0 - 4 2 ,
1 4 6 5-72,
1 5 3 0-55,
15 3 0 - 4 1 ,
1 5 3 0-51,
1 4 6 5-82,

20 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1966 1______________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 3 8 ,
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1967 1 ___________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 5 2 ,
C a n t o n , O h io, A p r . 1 9 6 7 _______________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 5 8 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 ________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 6 1 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 ____________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 6 4 ,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1966 1_________________ 1 5 3 0 - 8 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ______________________________ 1 4 6 5 - 6 8 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , Ohio— y . — n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 7 _________________ 1 5 3 0 - 5 6 ,
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O h io, S e p t . 1966 1_________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 1 3 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h io, O c t. 1966 1___________________________
1530-20,
D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1966 1___________________________—
— 1530-25,

30 c e n t s M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1966_____________________________
25 c e n t s M i n n e a p o l i s —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1967 1______________
20 c e n t s M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1966 1 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 1 9 6 7 ______________
25 c e n t s N ew H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1967___________________________
30 c e n t s N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1967 1
__________________________
30 c e n t s New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1___________________________ _
25 c e n t s N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
30 c e n ts
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1966______________________________
25 c e n t s O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g. 1966 1_____________________
25 c e n t s
O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a, O c t. 1966_________________________
30 c e n t s P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967______________
C
P
25 c e n t s P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N ov. 1966 1___ _________________
N
20 c e n t s P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
20 c e n t s P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1967 1_____________________________
20 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1966_____________________________
W
30 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1966 1____________________
30 c e n t s P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M
25 c e n t s
M a y 1 9 6 6 ---------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , S e p t . 1966-----------------------------------------30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
R i c h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1966_______________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1966 1 ______________________________
30 c e n t s

153 0 - 1 8 ,
1530-67,
153 0 - 3 5 ,
1530-59,
1 5 3 0-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
20 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
146 5 - 6 6 ,

25 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l in e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O c t. 1966 1_____________________________________________
D a y to n , O h io, J a n . 1 9 6 7 ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1966 ________________________ -____
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1967 1_____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , N o v . 1966 1_________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g . 1966 1---------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1967 ____________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1966 1 ____ ,_______________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., D e c . 1966___________________________

1530-19,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1530-66,
1465-85,
1530-37,

30 c e n t s
25c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

St. L o u i s , M o .—
111., O ct. 1966 1_________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah , D e c . 1966 1____________________ ___
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 6 ________________ »._________
San B ern a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
S e p t . 1966_______________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1966 1__________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1967 1_____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1966_____________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1966 1______________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , A u g. 1966--------------------------- --------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., O c t. 1966______________________
E

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
20 c e n ts

1530-14,
1530-24,
153 0 - 3 6 ,
1530-10,
146 5 - 6 9 ,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25
25
30
20
25
20
25

c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1530-65,
1530-49,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , Oct. 1966__________________________
South B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
T a m p a - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , S e p t . 1966 1 ______________
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , F e b . 1967 1________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , D e c . 1966 1___ ___________________________
W a s h in g to n , D . C . — d.— a . , O c t. 1966 1________________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 6 7 ___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1966 1_____________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1966 1_________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 7 .........................................................................
Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1966-----------------------W

1530-12,
153 0 - 5 7 ,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1 530-50,
1530-34,
153 0 - 1 5 ,
153 0 - 5 4 ,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1 5 3 0-47,
1530-29,

20
20
20
25
30
25
30
20
25
25
25
25
25

c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1967 1--------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o.— a n s . , N ov. 1966___________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., Ju n e 1966 1 _______
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , Aug. 1966 1____
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1967 1_________ _________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— d., F e b . 1967 1
In
______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1966 1____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., A u g . 1966 1-------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , J a n . 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1966____________________ _______ —---M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1966 1 _______________

1465-81,
1530-62,
1530-60,

A rea

1530-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1530-63,
1530-2,
1530-16,


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Data on
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102