View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

c

0os~o -

Area
Wage
Survey

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-26




^

C
,

Paterson—Clifton— Passaic,
New Jersey, Metropolitan
Area, June 1979

Preface
T h is b u lletin p ro v id e s re su lts o f a June 1979 su rv ey o f occu p a tion a l
earn ings in the P a te rs o n -C lifto n — a s s a ic , New J e r s e y , Standard M etrop olitan
P
S ta tistica l A r e a .
The su rv e y w as m ade as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L a b or
S ta tis tic s ' annual a rea w age su rv e y p ro g ra m . It was con du cted by the
B u rea u 's reg ion a l o ffic e in New Y o rk , N .Y ., under the g en era l d ir e c tio n
of Anthony J. F e r r a r a , A s sis ta n t R eg ion al C o m m is s io n e r fo r O pera tion s.
The su rv ey cou ld not have been a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the c o o p e ra tio n of
the m any fir m s w hose w age and s a la ry data p ro v id e d the b a sis fo r the
sta tistica l in fo rm a tio n in this bulletin. The B ureau w ish es to e x p re s s s in c e r e
a p p recia tion fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a teria l in this pu blica tion is in the pu blic dom ain and m ay be
r e p ro d u ce d without p e r m is s io n of the F e d e r a l G overn m en t.
P le a se c re d it
the B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics and cite the nam e and num ber o f this
pu blication .

Note:
C u rren t r e p o rts on o ccu p a tion a l earn ings in the P ater son— lifton —
C
P a s s a ic a rea are a v a ila b le fo r the m ovin g and stora g e in du stry (June 1979).
F r e e c o p ie s a r e ava ila b le fr o m the B u rea u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s .
(See ba ck
c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
Wage
Survey

Paterson—Clifton— Passaic,
New Jersey, Metropolitan
Area, June 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C o n ten ts

P age

Introduction________________________________________

2

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner
October 1979
Bulletin 2050-26

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments. U S Government Printing Office.
Washington D C 20402. GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Digitized for $1 50 Make checks payable to Super­
Price FRASER
intendent of Documents
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

T ables:
Earnings, all establishm ents:
A - l . Weekly earnings of o ffice w ork ers______ 3
A -2 . Weekly earnings o f p rofession a l
and technical w o r k e r s _________________
5
A -3. Average w eekly earnings of
office, profession a l, and
technical w ork ers, by sex_____________
6
A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
w orkers_________________________________ 8
A -5, Hourly earnings of m aterial
m ovem ent and custodial w o r k e r s _____ 9
A -6. A verage hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , p ow erplant, m a terial m ovem ent, and
custodial w ork ers, by s e x ____________ 10
A -7. P ercen t in creases in average
hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational g ro u p s____________________11
A -8. Average pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r w h ite-colla r w ork ers_______________ 12
A -9. A verage pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r b lu e -co lla r w o r k e r s _______________ 13

Page

Appendix A. Scope and method of su rvey-------------15
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions__________ 18

Introduction

T h is a re a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich the U.S. D epartm en t of L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts su rv ey s o f o ccu p a tion a l ea rn in gs and
re la te d b e n e fits.
(See lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .) In each a r e a ,
ea rn in gs data fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion s ( A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a re c o lle c te d
annually. In form a tion on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary w age
b en efits ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is obtain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h is r e p o r t has
no B - s e r i e s ta b le s.

m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u str ie s . The occu p a tion s a r e d efin ed
in Appendix B. F or the 31 la rg e s t su r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A - 10 through A - 15
p ro v id e s im ila r data fo r estab lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o rk e r s or m o r e .
T a b le A -7 p rov id es p ercen t changes in a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs
o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u r se s , sk ille d m aintenance trad es w o r k e r s , and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .
W here p o s s ib le , data a re p resen ted fo r a ll in d u stries and fo r m a n u fa c­
turing and nonm anufacturing sep a ra tely . Data a r e not p re se n te d fo r sk illed
m ain ten an ce w o rk e rs in nonm anufacturing b e c a u se the num ber o f w o rk e r s
em p loyed in this occu pation al grou p in n onm anufacturing is to o s m a ll to
w arra n t sep arate presen ta tion .
T h is ta ble p r o v id e s a m e a s u re o f w age
tren d s a fter elim in ation o f changes in a v e ra g e ea rn in gs ca u sed by e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong estab lish m en ts as w e ll as tu rn o v e r o f esta b lish m en ts
in clu d ed in su rvey sa m p les. F o r fu rth er d e ta ils , s e e appendix A.

E a ch y e a r a fter a ll in dividu al a r e a w age su rv ey s have been c o m ­
p leted , tw o su m m a ry bu lletin s a r e is s u e d .
The fir s t b rin g s tog eth er data
fo r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u rv e y e d ; the se c o n d p re se n ts national and
re g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c te d fr o m in dividu al m e tro p o lita n a r e a data, fo r
a ll Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s in the U nited S ta tes, exclu din g
A la sk a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a re a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a v a r ie ty o f la b o r m a rk e ts,
through the a n a ly sis o f (1) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w ages b y o ccu p a tion ,
and (2) the m ov em en t o f w ages b y occu p a tion a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l. The
p r o g r a m d ev elop s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed fo r m any p u r p o s e s , including
w age and s a la r y a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
determ in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rv ey r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed by the U.S. D e p a r t­
m ent o f L a b o r to m ake w age d eterm in a tion s u n der the S e r v ic e C on tra ct A c t
o f 1965.

T a b le s A -8 and A -9 p rovid e fo r the fir s t tim e m e a s u re s o f a v e ra g e
pay r ela tion sh ip s w ithin esta b lish m en ts.
T h e se m e a s u re s m a y d iffe r c o n ­
sid e ra b ly fr o m the pay relation sh ip s o f o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s p u blish ed in ta bles
A - l through A -6 . See appendix A fo r d e ta ils .
A pp en dixes
A ppendix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a r e a
w age su r v e y p r o g r a m and p rov id es in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the su rvey .

A - s e r i e s ta bles
or

A ppendix B p rov id es jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
p re se n ta tiv e s to c la s s ify w o rk e r s by occu p a tion .

T a b le s A - l th rough A - 6 p r o v id e estim a te s o f s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly
h ou rly earn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in o ccu p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f




2

u sed

by

B u reau fie ld

re­

E a rn in g s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
NUMBER CF WORKERS

(standard)
Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard)

RECEIVING ST RAIGHT- TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS)

OF—

110

120

1 30

140

15 0

160

17 0

180

1 90

200

210

220

230

24 0

260

280

300

320

34 0

360

110

O cc u p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n

120

130

14 0

15C

16 0

1 70

18 0

190

200

210

2 20

230

24 0

260

280

300

320

34 0

360

380

10

22

44

13
9

11

34
52

75
26

1 30
94
36

10 7
73
34

113
84
29

19 8
13 5
63

96
77
19

61
57
4

47
35

6

1

12

13
13
-

2

-

161
12 7
34

8

-

90
44
46

101

-

67
37
30

86

-

2

1

_

_

2

4

_

6

2

4

29

8

1

1

-

-

1

2

-

2

-

2

13
13

22

8

1

1

11

5
5
-

2

i

-

2

-

2

_
-

_
-

_

4

-

-

1

2

100

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S ECR ET ARI ES ...................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

1.35G
91S
4 40

38.5
3 8.5
39.0

SE CR ET ARI ES. CLASS A ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

71
53

38.0
38.5

2 87.50
297 .50

3 00 .00
3 02.50

2 6 7 .5 0 2 9 4 .5 0 -

SECR ET ARI ES. CLASS B ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

290
17 8
112

38.5
38.5
39.0

2 44 .00
2 56.50
2 24 .50

2 45.00
2 53.00
2 25 .00

SE CR ET ARI ES. CLASS C ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

599
47 4
125

3 8.5
38.5
3 8.5

2 18 .00
2 23 .00

SE CR ET ARI ES. CLASS D ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

30 7
175
132

*

221.00

2 28 .50
206 .00

*2 17 .50
2 24 .00
200.00

AND
UNDER

* 1 9 2 . 5 0 —* 2 4 8 . 0 0
2 0 0 . 002 53 .50
1 7 3 .5 0 - 2 35 .50

-

-

-

3 07 .50
3 10.50

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 2 1 . 002 3 8 .5 0 2 0 1 . 00-

2 69 .00
2 75.50
2 46 .50

_
-

-

-

_
-

1

1

7

2

6

5
-

24

-

6

6

~

-

-

1

1

3
3

7

-

5

1

5

18

11

1 99 .00 2 0 3 .5 0 17 0 . 0 0 -

242.00
2 44 .00
2 33.50

-

-

_
-

8

33

21

-

10

-

-

~

8

1C
7
3

21

200.00

2 17.50
2 20.50
1 92.50

41
38
3

91
82
9

38.0
3 7.5
39.0

1 93.00
195 .00
1 89 .50

1 90 .00
1 95 .50
1 84 .00

1 7 3 .5 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 6 4 .5 0 -

2 06 .00
2 06 .00
2 02 .50

-

_
-

_
-

2

10

16

-

6

1

-

2

4

35
32
3

1 77 .00 2 03 .00 -

2 24.50
2 30 .00

_

_

_

_

-

-

i
-

210.00

_
-

_
-

-

SE CR ET ARI ES. CLASS E ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

51
3G

3 7 .5
36.5

2 05.50
221.0 0

2 08 .50
2 18 .50

STENOGRAPHERS..............................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

13G
*14
92

37.0
38.5
3 6 .0

1 95.50
1 99 .50
1 93.50

1 81 .50
182 .00
1 80 .50

1 6 7 .5 0 1 6 7 .5 0 1 6 5 .0 0 -

210.00

_
-

2 09 .00

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL..............................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

S3
32
31

38.0
39.0
37.0

1 99.50
1 87.50

1 5 2 .5 0 1 6 7 .5 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -

2 52 .50
1 93 .00
3 06 .00

_
-

_
-

2 12 .00

1 70 .00
1 70 .00
1 75 .00

-

-

T Y P I S T S ..................

46

3 8 .0

1 68.50

1 63 .00

1 5 2 .0 0 -

1 83.00

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S ...............................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

388
155
233

38.0
3 8.0
38.0

1 49 .50
1 68 .00
137 .50

1 46.00
1 64.50
1 35.00

1 3 0 .0 0 1 50 .00 1 2 7 .5 0 -

1 64.50
1 76.00
1 46.00

2

26

2

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

74
50

38.5
38.5

1 72.00
1 83.00

165 .00
1 73 .00

1 4 9 .0 0 1 6 1 .5 0 -

1 79 .00
1 92 .00

-

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

31 4
10 5
2 09

3 8.0
38.0
3 8.0

1 44.50
161 .00
1 36 .00

1 40 .50
1 54.00
1 34 .00

1 2 8 .0 0 1 4 8 .0 0 1 2 6 .0 0 -

1 54 .00
1 75.00
1 43 .00

7

-

F IL E CLERKS....................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

201

36

38.0
38.0

1 56.00
152 .00

1 54 .50
1 51 .50

1 47 .00 1 3 9 .0 0 -

1 67 .50
1 68 .00

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

187
28

38.0
38.0

154 .00
153 .50

1 54.50
1 54 .00

1 48 .50 1 4 3 .0 0 -

1 65.00
1 68 .50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

23
18
5

21

12

36
19
17

53
27
26

49
77

15

36
18
18

5

2

7

3

-

1

1

2

4
4

11

12

16

6
6

5

17

-

2

6

-

2

11

3

11

_
-

2

10

5

-

4

2

6

3

2

1

2

-

2

6

3

1

4

i

1

-

1C

3

7

9

4

68

73
23
5C

46
34

38
13
25

42
40

26

59
4
55

2

-

2

6

12

9

15

-

3

1

8

8

13
13

26
26

57

61
22

37
26

39

11

23
5
18

29
27

53

62
9
53

2

i
-

11

18

11

11

79

37

14

1

2

8

6

10

i

10

18

7

2

4

78
5

-

-

3

4

3

2

12

56

5
11

5

12

7

24
S
16

9

15
4

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




33

10

12

26
7
19

77

74
58
16

56
54

56
48

2

8

22

20

19

18
4

10

2

-

-

-

_
-

2

_
-

10

7
7
-

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

7

2

_

_

_

_

2

_

2

6

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

_
-

3

2

6

12

-

-

6

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

17

9
9

21
12

82
56
26

46
38

90
74
16

43
37

8

6

_

19
19
25
25
-

_

11

6

_

1

19

10

8

12

2

2

8

4

-

3

2

-

-

9

_
-

_
-

2

6

9

6

-

-

-

3

_
-

-

i
i

-

-

9

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

6

_
-

2

3

_
-

4

4

4
3

2

11

4

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

2

i
i
-

i

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

2

3

_

_

3

2

-

-

i
i

3
3

16

8

2
6

4

2

2

3
3

3

_

9
1

-

1

2

-

2

10

3

1

-

i
~

36

14

1

9

i

9

3

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

i
i

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

1

-

_
~

-

-

-

i

“

-

~

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979— Continued
^^^eekl^Tarnlngi^™
(standard)
Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS

RECEIVING

STRAIGHT- TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARSI

OF—

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

18 0

190

200

210

220

230

240

26 0

2 80

300

320

340

36 0

110

O ccu pa tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

120

130

140

150

160

170

18 0

1 90

200

210

2 20

230

240

260

280

30 0

32 0

340

3 60

38 0

6

17

17

5

12

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4
4

4

2

3
3

2

4

-

3
3
-

12

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

4
-

8

1

3

-

4
4

6

-

5

-

4

8

1

-

1

-

-

20

13
13

27
18
9

26
15

-

7
4

6

_

9

1

100

Mean2

Median2

AND
UNDER

Middle range 2

MESSENGERS...................................................
MANUFACTURING...................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

7G
42
34

3 7.5
38.0
2 6 .5

$ 15 0.0 0
1 43.50
1 57 .50

$13 8.5 0
1 34 .50
156 .50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS....................
MANUFACTURING...................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

69
27
32

38.0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

1 72.50
186 .00
157 .00

1 78 .00
1 91 .00
164 .50

1 50 .00 1 6 1 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -

1 92 .00
199.00
1 83 .00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORRECEPTIONISTS........................................
MANUFACTURING...................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

19 5
97
48

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

167 .00
170 .00
1 61 .50

1 65 .00
167 .50
150 .00

1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 4 2 .0 0 -

182.00
182.00
165.00

ORDER CLERKS..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

72
56

3 8 .5
38.5

1 90 .00
194 .50

1 98.00
2 18 .50

1 4 0 .0 0 1 6 4 .0 0 -

2 28.00
2 28.00

_

3

2

-

3

B...............

40

2 7.5

160 .50

1 47 .50

1 3 2 .0 0 -

175.00

-

3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS................................
MANUFACTURING...................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

621
452
168

3 8.5
38.0
3 9.0

1 88 .50
183 .50
2 02.50

1 83 .00
1 8 1 .50
192.00

1 6 0 .0 0 1 5 6 .5 0 1 6 8 .0 0 -

207.00
205.00
226.50

_

2

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A.
MANUFACTURING...................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

2 30
16 1
69

3 8 .5
28.5
3 8.5

2 09 .00
2 04.50
219 .50

205.00
2 0 5 .00
2 19 .00

1 9 0 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 1 9 7 .5 0 -

230.00
214.00
2 33 .00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B.
MANUFACTURING...................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

39 1
29 2
99

3 8.5
38.0
39.5

1 76.50
1 72.00
1 91.00

1 7 0 .00
1 70.00
1 72 .50

1 5 0 .0 0 1 50 .00 1 5 4 .0 0 -

1 92 .00
1 91 .00
1 94 .00

_
-

2

-

-

5
5
-

MACHINE-BILLERS......................................
MANUFACTURING...................................

54
38

39.0
3 8.5

183 .00
193 .50

170 .50

2 03 .50
204.50

-

-

-

200.00

1 5 7 .5 0 1 6 2 .5 0 -

-

-

26

3 9 .5

181 .50

1 57.50

1 5 7 .5 0 -

204.50

-

PAYROLL CLERKS.........................................
MANUFACTURING...................................

51
46

38.5
28.5

2 02.50
2 04 .50

2 15 .00
2 15 .00

1 8 2 .0 0 1 84 .50 -

2 31.00
232.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS..........................
MANUFACTURING...................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................

525
17 4
351

29.0
3 8.0
2 9.0

1 78.00
180 .50
177 .00

1 80 .00
180 .00
1 80 .00

1 60 .00 1 6 7 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 -

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS, CLASS A............
MANUFACTURING...................................

269

39.0
3 8.0

1 90.00
1 91 .50

1 88 .00
189 .50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS, CLASS B ............
MANUFACTURING...................................

256
106
1 50

3 8 .5
3 8.0

1 65 .50
174 .00
159 .50

1 68 .00
1 7 0 .50
1 60 .00

ORDER CLERKS,

CLASS

BILLING-MACHINE B I L L E R S . . . . ...............

68

$ 1 2 9 • 5 0 —$ 1 6 9 . 0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 - 154.00
1 3 0 .0 0 - 178.00

-

-

-

4

6

7
3
4

11

5
5

22
22

2

10

5
5

11

6

1

_

1

1

5

-

1

1

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

2

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

15

3

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

13
11

1

2

1

-

-

-

5

-

2

-

-

3
-

1

16
16

12

_

3

_

_

9
7

2

3
-

-

6

-

4
3

1

4
4

-

-

-

-

9

6

3

-

8

1

4

1

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

31

53
43
1 C

60
48

61
44
17

72
55
17

55
39
16

67
52
15

71
59

37
28
9

27

21

8

13

7

20

6

5
3

-

1

15

_
-

1

20

36
16

1

1

11

14
13

23
16
7

39
32
7

38
27

28
20

-

20
11

-

-

12

1

-

47
31
16

65
51
14

32
23
9

12

12

31
26
5

11

33

17

5

-

8

13

-

20

11
6

2

3

3

33
32

6

16

3

2

12

8

1

4

4

3
-

11

_
-

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

10

i
i

-

-

_

-

10

4
4

-

2

-

-

i
i

-

2

-

-

16
-

6

6

2

_

11

_

_

2

-

4
4

6

6

2

-

11

-

-

-

-

4

-

16

-

4

-

-

5

-

-

_

_

_

2

6

1

-

2

3

-

-

2

5

-

-

2
2

8

-

7

2

2

9
9

1 92.00
190.00
192.50

_
-

5
5

8

30

33

2

11

28

22

22

72
31
41

11 8
41
77

52
17
35

11

8

76
27
49

54

-

36
14

1 7 3 .5 0 1 8 0 .0 0 -

201.00

_

_

_

_

1

33
7

53

41

8

20

11

47
14

11

-

14
-

43

-

1 4 6 .0 0 1 5 9 .5 0 -

1 83.50
1 82 .50

29
23

65

13
9

5
3

-

5
-

8

8

4

30

35
14

19

43

2

11

20

28

21

8

23

21

_

2

-

11

-

“

_
-

10

11

5

2

5

9

6

5

9
4

5

2

-

2

1

1

_
-

11

200.00

2

1

-

3

52
41

20

1

“

3

53
43

34

-

2

4
4

20

2

31

1

7
4
3

8

7

-

“

See footn otes at end o f ta b les .




1

6

2

-

-

16
4

6

2

2

-

7

1

11
2

9
11

-

2

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

*

i

2

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

-

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O cc u p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ...................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS
120

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

130

190

RECEIVING
1 50

160

STRAIGHT -TIME
180

200

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

2

9

22

19
4
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

7

3

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4

-

-

-

-

-

59
97

3 8 .0

3 91 .00

3 80 .00

3 3 6 .0 0 -

9 37 .50

-

-

-

-

-

75
32
93

38.0
38.0
38.0

2 95.00
2 98 .00
2 93 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS C......................................................................

93

38.0

COMPUTER OPERATORS...............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

207
82
125

3 8.5
38.0
3 8.5

CLASS A ................

93

MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

5 23 .00
5 75 .50
9 69.50

3 07 .50
3 07 .50
3 07 .50

-

2 3 0 .5 0 -

2 98 .00

-

-

. 002 01 .50 20 0 . 00-

2 53.50
2 53.00
2 59.00

1

2

8

-

-

-

~

1

2

8

2 53 .00

2 37 .00 -

2 66 .00

-

-

2 27.50
2 35 .50

2 29.50
290.00

206 00
2 07 .00 2 06 .50 -

25*1 GO
2 90.00
2 55 .50

-

1 85.00
1 79 .00

190.00
1 58 .00

1 9 5 .5 0 1 9 0 .0 0 -

2 07 .50
2 19 .00

MANUFACTURING.....................................................

3 7 .5
37.5

2 89.50
2 88.50

2 89 .50
2 89.50

2 52 .00 2 52 .00 -

3 27 .00
3 27 .00

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

73
65

38.0
38.0

3 21 .00
3 20 .00

325.00
3 25 .00

2 9 9 .0 0 2 99 .00 -

3 59 .50
3 65.00

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

97
90

38.0
3 8 .0

2 71.00
2 68 .50

2 78 .00
278.00

2 5 6 .5 0 2 5 6 .5 0 -

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

93
92

37.5
37.0

2 80 .50
2 81 .50

3 07.50
3 07 .50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

121

56

90.0
9 0 .0

3 95.50
3 10 .00

39
39

39.5
3 9 .5

2 79 .00
2 81 .50

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES..................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

-

2

80

3 40

30 0

38 0

420

33

3

5
5
-

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

8

9
3

10

5

6

-

12

9
3

10

3

10

3

6

-

7
5

10

3

-

1

1

1

6

24

14

6

1

-

-

25

16

3

2

12

11

6

3

2

-

3

16

17

8

23

9
9
-

6

11

31
16
15

16

8

15
7

34

1

16
-

-

-

-

_
“

-

-

-

-

-

3

13

12

9

6

3

2

-

-

2

4

5

11

1
1

1
1

-

8

-

~

-

-

1

1

7

-

6

15
7

27

-

8

15
5

4
3

S
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

8

19

10

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

15

18

-

4

3

2

16

90
18

38
17

3

8

9
7

22

21

56
16
40

22

2

9
3
e

14

2

-

-

-

5

10

15

7

5

1

-

-

2

2

"3
17

26

_

3

-

-

-

-

9

4

12

11

35
9
26

15
4

-

11

1

2

1

2

8

2

3

10

6

6

-

-

-

5

1

6

9
3

4
4

12

26

22

11

22

21

17
16

-

12

4
-

6

1

2

8

2

2

_

_

_

_

10

-

-

~

-

10

14

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

2 89 .50
2 80 .00

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

12

1

2 2 0 .5 0 2 2 0 .5 0 -

3 27 .00
3 27.00

_

-

-

-

3
3

2

4
4

3 77 .00
3 06 .50

3 3 5 .0 0 2 7 9 .5 0 -

377 .00
3 51.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2 75 .00
275.00

2 9 1 .5 0 2 9 8 .5 0 -

2 96.50
3 06.50

-

“

_

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

i

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

~

51
46

32
28

3
3

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

“

4
3

2

24
22

27
23

3
3

_

2
11

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10

18
18

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

2

-

5
5

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

19
19

_

1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

21

1

6

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

21

1

6

4
4

-

“

84
19

“

-

-

5
5

5
3

3

13
13

4

3

2

-

_

2

3

2

4
4

-

2

1

~

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




260

8

181
15 9

d r a f t e r s ............................................................................

30
1 1

9
-

9 03 .00

38.0
3 7 .5

5
2

2

-

3 61 .00
9 05 .00
303.50

92
28

13

2

-

2 5 9 .0 0 2 93 .50 2 9 0 .5 0 -

38.0
39.0

36
13
23

1

-

3 5 6 .5 0 -

51
71

700

2

299.00
392.50
2 81 .00

2 52 .50

660

-

3 65 .00

39.0

620

-

315.50
359.50
278 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

580

-

3 68 .00

2 0 1

540

-

38.0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

290.50

500

-

3 7.5

2 35.00
2 30 .50
2 36 .00

460

-

5S

2 26 .50
2 31.00
2 29.00

660

-

177

2 97 .50

620

-

m

2 7 3 .0 0 2 6 7 .0 0 2 8 0 .5 0 -

580

240

9 2 3 .0 0 9 98 .50 9 1 8 .5 0 -

$ 3 6 5 .0 0 - (9 7 1.0 0
9 0 8 .5 0 - 5 67 .00
3 5 7 .5 0 - 9 23 .00

2 88 .50
2 90 .50
2 88 .50

540

220

9 55.00
518.00
9 23 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B......................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

500

200

9 77 .00
5 21 .50
931 .50

91

46 0

180

3 8.0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS A......................................................................

420

380

1 60

83

86

340

150

$922.50
9 61.00
9 03 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

3 00

19 0

1928.50
9 83 .50
3 91 .50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ....................................

28 0

26 0

OF—

DOLLARS)

■
*

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

<12

240

(IN

AND
UNDER
130

m s
58
87

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U SI N E SS )• CLASS A ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

220

WEEKLY EARNINGS

2

-

“

-

-

-

“

_

“

-

-

-

-

'AT'

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, Paterson—
Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
A v t iu i
(mean*)
O ccupation,

sex,

3

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
oi
woikert

Weekhr
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O ccupation,

sex,

3

and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekhr
earnings1
' hours1
(standard) (standard)

AS
25

3 7 .0
36.0

SI 5 3 .5 0
153 .00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS..................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

63
32

3 8 .5
38.5

219 .00
204 .50

T Y P I S T S • CLASS B............................
MANUFACTURING..................................
NONMANUFACTURING.........................

313
105
208

38.0
38.0
3 8.0

$144.50
1 61 .00
1 36 .00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A..................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

40
26

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 2 0 . 5 0 F I L E CLERKS.............................................. .
MANUFACTURING................................ .
224 .50

189
35

3 8.0
38.0

1 55 .00
1 51 .00

FILE CLERKS* CLASS C ............... .
MANUFACTURING................................ .

177
28

3 8.0
3 8.0

1 54.00
1 53 .50

MESSENGERS................................................. .

30

3 7.5

144.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS.................. .
MANUFACTURING................................ .
NONMANUFACTURING.........................

68

37
31

38 .0
3 8.5
3 7.0

1 72 .50
1 86 .00
1 56 .00

145
97
48

38.5
38.5
39.0

1 67 .00
170.00
1 61 .50

55
38

38.5
39.0

1 83.50
1 87 .00

SECRETARIES...................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................... .................
SECRETARIES. CLASS A ...................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

1 .3 3 7
916
421
71
53

3 8 .5
38.5
3 8.5

2 21 .50
228 .50
2 06.00

T Y P I S T S — CONTINUED

38.0
3 8 .5

2 87.50
2 97.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR244 .0 0
RECE PTI ONI ST S ...................................... .
2 56 .50
MANUFACTURING................................
224 .50
NONMANUFACTURING.........................

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ...................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................ .. .................

290
178
11 2

38.5
38.5
39.0

SECR ETARIES. CLASS C ...................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

599
474
125

3 8 .5
38.5
38.5

2 18.00
2 23 .00

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ...................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

307
175
132

3 8.0
3 7 .5
39.0

1 93.00
1 95.00
189 .50

SECR ETARIES. CLASS E ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .. .........................................

51
36

37.5
36.5

221.0 0

STENOGRAPHERS.............................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................... .................

134
44
90

37.0
38.5
36.0

1 93.50
199 .50
1 90.50

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL.............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . . ............... ..

61
32

38.0
33.0

196 .00
187 .50

T Y P I S T S ..................

46

3 8.0

168 .50

T Y P I S T S ..............................................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................ ...................

387
155
232

38.0
38.0
38.0

149 .50
168 .00
1 37.50

ORDER CLERKS............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.........................

200.00

ORDER CLERKS.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A...............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

74
50

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

CLASS B ............ .

38.0

1 58 .50

551
421
130

38.5
38.0
39.0

1 85.50
1 82.00
1 96 .50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................

188
147
41

38.5
3 8.5
3 8.0

2 07 .00
2 04 .00
2 18 .50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................

363
27*»
89

3 8.5
38.0
39.5

1 74 .00
1 70 .00
186.00

50
3*»

3 9.0
38.5

1 77 .50
1 87 .00

205 .50

172 .00
18 3 . 0 0

MACHINE-BILLERS ...................................
MANUFACTURING................................
B IL L E R S ...

32

39.5

1 73 .00

PAYROLL CLERKS......................................
MANUFACTURING................................

48
44

38.5
3 8.5

2 03 .50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS........................
MANUFACTURING................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................

514
174
340

39.0
3 8.0
39.0

1 78 .00
1 80 .50
1 77 .00

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




34

ACCOUNTING CLERKS..............................
MANUFACTURING................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................

BILLING-MACHINE

sex.

3

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS -

MESSENGERS......................................................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . . ...............

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN

O ccupation,

6

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS MEN

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean*)
Number
of
workers

201.00

CONTINUED

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A.............
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

267
68

39.0
38.0

(1 9 0.0 0
1 91 .50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B .............
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

247
106
141

3 8.5
3 8.0
3 9 .0

1 65 .50
174.00
1 59 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ...................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................... ...

117
45
72

38.0
3 8 .0
38.0

4 38 .00
505.00
3 96.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

74
40
34

3 8.0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

4 82 .50
519.00
440 .00

38

3 7.5

366.00

141
73

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 2 2 .00
368.50
2 7 9 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A......................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

51
39

38.0
3 8 .0

3 98 .00
4 15 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B......................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

56
25
31

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
37.5

3 00 .50
309 .00
2 93.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ....................................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS .........................................................................

68

4

3 8.0

2 44.00

161
65
96

38.0
3 8 .0
3 8.5

2 28 .00
233.50
2 24 .00

CLASS A ................

42

3 9 .0

2 52 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

82
37
45

3 8.0
3 8 .0
38.5

2 35 .00
2 28 .00
2 41 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS...............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................
COMPUTER OPERATORS.

2

Table A -3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, Paterson—
Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979— Continued
Average
(mean2 )
O ccupation,

sex,

3

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
worken

Week h
r
hour!
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

O ccupation,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED
CONTINUED

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

DRAFTERS -

O ccupation,

sex.

3

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hoursr
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) ..................................................................

2 8.0

3 7.5
37.5

293 . 0 0
293 . 0 0

3 8.0
3 8.0

2 20.50
3 20 . 0 0

MANUFACTURING. . . ..........................................

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




A3 8 7 . 5 0

38
3A

39.5
39.5

2 79 .50
2 81 .50

MANUFACTURING...............

71
6 <
f

38.5

$18«t .50

170
155

28

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES..................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

27

7

55

AO.D

3 1 0 .50

A,

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
Hourly earnings *

Occupa tion and in du stry d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean2

Median2

Middle range

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING
9 .6 0 9 .7 0
AND
UNDER
9 .7 0 9 .8 0

2

STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS

9 .8 0

9 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .9 0

9 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5.9 0

5 .6 0

5 .6 0

5.8 0

6.00

6.20

5 .8 0

6.00

6.20

6 .9 0

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS...................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

29
29

$ 7.8 7
7 .8 7

$ 8.3 9
8 .3 9

$ 7.3 17 .3 1 -

$ 8 .9 0
8 .9 0

MAINTENANCE EL ECTRICI ANS .............................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

100

7 .3 7
7 .3 7

7 .3 3
7 .3 3

6 .6 0 6 .6 0 -

7 .9 8
7 .9 8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

12

-

-

-

-

12

6

12

20

6

10

2

100

2

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS...................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

7G
76

8 .1 7
8.1 7

8 .7 3
8 .7 3

6 .8 1 6 .8 1 -

9 .7 9
9 .7 9

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H I N E R Y ) . .
MA NUFA CTURING...............................................

31)7
3 15

7 .1 1
7 .1 8

7 .2 9
7 .3 3

6 .5 1 6 .5 5 -

8 .0 3
8 .0 3

9
9

-

-

2
2

9
9

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VE HI CL ES ) .................................................
NONMANUFACTURING...........................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ......................................

12 9
10 9
80

7 .9 2
7 .8 8
8.3 0

8 .2 1

7 .0 0 7 .0 0 8 . 21-

8 .66

_

8 .9 9
8 .9 9

8.66

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS........................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

39
38

5 .5 9
5 .5 9

9 .9 8
9 .9 8

9 .9 9 9 .9 9 -

5 .9 5
5 .9 5

9
9

_

_

_

2

2

2

_

_

-

2

2

2

-

-

12

2

2

“

-

1

-

-

10

1

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

19
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

7 .7 8
7 .7 8

7 .5 2
7 .5 2

7 .0 3 7 .0 3 -

8 .7 8
8 .7 8

STATIONARY ENGINEERS.........................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

83
77

7.6 1
7 .9 0

7 .3 9
7 .3 9

7 .3 9 7 .3 9 -

7 .3 9
7 .3 7

_

BOILER TENDERS..........................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

59
59

6 .8 5
6 .8 5

6 .7 1
6 .7 1

6 .1 8 6 .1 8 -

7 .3 9
7 .3 9

-

6 .9 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8.00

8 .9 0

8 .8 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .00

8 .9 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

-

3
3

19
19

~

9
9

7
7

5
5

6
12
12

8

2

10
10

7
7
90
38

2

-

6

18
18

2

1

2

1

29
29

9
9

5
5

1

6

_

1

6

-

9
9

17
17

13
13

75
67

9
9

63
61

17
17

-

19
13
13

12

91
91
91

11

5
5

-

_
-

38
38

.
-

10

1

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

9
9

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

8

12

_
-

9
9

-

-

-

3
3

20

-

20

-

-

_

10

“

~

10

3
3

6

_

6

6

-

6

3

6

~

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

3

12

_

22

-

■ 3

12

-

6

-

2

-

-

13
13

9
9

9
9

_

50
50

9
9

2

5
5

-

“

19
19

_

-

-

6

~

-

6

10

-

10

-

6

2

3

8

6

2

3

8

3
3

-

-

2

_

-

17
17

-

-

-

18
18

-

9 •S O I 0 • 0 0
ANO
OVER
9 .6 0 1 0 . 0 0

-

9
9

-

9 .2 0

9
9

6

7
7

19
19

-

_

See footn otes at end of ta b les .

12

1

_

6

~

2

~

118
118

8

19

-

19
19

OF—

6 .8 0

2

~

8.66

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS...........................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................




_

DOLLARS)
6 .6 0

2

2

(IN

2
-

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
Hourly earnings 4

Median2

58 0
275
305
137

$ 6.6 9
6 .3 0
7 .0 9

$ 6.91
6 .0 3
6 .6 9

8.66

10 .2 0

2 .8 0 3 .0 0
AND
UNDER
3 .0 0 3 .2 0

Middle range 2

$ 5.5 05 .6 1 5 .0 3 7 .0 7 -

ST RAIGHT- TIME

3 .2 0

3 .9 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

9 .0 0

9

3 .9 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 C

9 .90

$ 7.5 1
7 .3 2
8 .0 7

_

_

-

-

2

-

10 .2 0

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

2

_

.20

7
5

-

13

2

-

11

2

-

HOURLY EARNINGS

9 .9 0

o
C
O

T R U C K D R I V E R S . . ...........................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............... ............................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S . . .................................

Mean 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

12

7
5
-

DOLLARSI

(IN

OF—

9 . 80

5 .2 0

5 .60

6.00

6 .9 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8.00

8

.90

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

in

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

5 .6 0

6 .00

6

.90

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .00

8 .9 0

8

.80

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .001C . 9 0

38
30

65
65
-

20

10

-

7

-

63
59
9
9

119

8

8

2

-

9
9

27
27

2

.20

72
13
59

20

8

99
37

99
13

12

12

5

9 .60 1 0

.00

1

2

3

39
31
3

-

-

-

72
-

3

3

-

-

-

72
72

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

9

12

9
9

-

-

23

-

-

_

2

1

2

2

50
9

-

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

TRUCK.....................

19

6.02

5 .7 6

9 .9 8 -

7 .5 1

-

-

2

-

2

-

2

2

9

3

TRUCKDRIVERS• MEDIUM TRUCK..................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

125

5 .7 5
5 .6 2

5 .1 6 5 .1 6 -

6 .6 9
5 .7 9

-

_

_

_

i
-

_

_

11

7

13

68

5.9 0
5 .6 5

-

-

2

6

11

TRUCKDRIVERS » HEAVY TRUCK.....................

20 9

5 .7 2

5 .6 7

5 .0 3 -

6 .0 3

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

_

1

56

16

32

52

39

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

TRUCKDRIVERS. T R A C T O R- T RA I L ER . . . .
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

200

8 .3 6
7 .5 1

8 .5 2
7 .3 9

6 .8 5 6 .9 1 -

10 .2 0

3

9

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

8

12

9
~

3

-

25
16

29

-

9
-

17

8 .5 5

-

39
31

-

-

_

-

_

_

10

-

_

-

-

-

10

9

9
9

-

-

27
27

10

-

19
19

_

-

-

_
-

9
5
9

19
17

18
19
9

10

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

TRUCKDRIVERSr

LIGHT

71

_

8

_

_

-

8

-

-

_
-

_

_
-

9
9

S H I P P E R S ............................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

85

5 .2 2
5 .2 1

9 .8 5
9 .8 5

9 .6 3 9 .6 3 -

5 .9 3
5 .6 7

RE CE IV ERS .........................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

97
63
39

5 .8 5
5 .5 9
6 .9 1

5 .9 6
5 .9 5
6 .3 8

9 .8 5 9 .8 55 .9 0 -

6 .6 3
6 .2 6
7 .3 0

SHIPPERS AND RECE IV ERS ....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................ .. .................

85
52
33

5 .7 5
5 .6 5
5 .9 0

5 .9 2
5 .9 6
6 .1 0

9 .7 29 .5 9 9 .7 2-

6 .6 0
6 .6 0
7 .1 7

WAREHOUSEMEN................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

290
57
2 33

5 .3 9
6 .5 9
5 .1 0

9 .9 5
6 .5 6
9 .9 0

9 .2 5 5 .1 1 9 .1 0 -

6 .1 0

ORDER F I L L E R S . . . . . . . . . ....................................

15 3

6 .6 1

6 .5 0

6 .2 6 -

6 .5 0

-

SHIPPING PACKERS.....................................................
MANUFACTURING........................... .. .......................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

20 9
118

9 .9 0
9 .8 0
9 .9 0

9 .2 5 9 .0 6 9 .9 0 -

5 .9 3
5 .9 3
5 .7 5

2

-

8

86

5 .1 2
5 .1 5
5 .0 9

2

9

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS........................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING..........................................

99 9
3 71
1 23

5 .0 6
9 .7 6
5 .9 5

9 .1 9
9 .3 1
3 .7 6

9 .1 9 9 .1 9 3 .2 9 -

5 .9 6
5 .9 6
9 .8 3

15
15

11

7
7

FORKLIFT OPERATORS...............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .......................................

587
99 9
1 93
25

6 .5 5
6 .2 9
7 .9 9
6 .8 1

6 .0 5
5 .7 8
8 .1 3
6 .5 1

5 .9 1 5 .3 3 6 .7 8 5 .9 1 -

7 .9 2
7 .2 1
8 .1 3
6 .5 1

_
-

-

-

-

GUARDS..................................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

190
69
71

9 .3 9
9 .8 3
3 .9 7

9 .9 0
9 .8 5
3 .9 3

3 .3 9 9 .5 9 3 .3 2-

5 .1 0
5 .8 6
9 .3 3

_
-

19
~
19

CLASS A ..................................................

95

9 .8 0

9 .2 7

3 .9 3 -

5 .8 6

-

-

GUARDS. CLASS B ..................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................ .. .................

95
53
92

9 .2 0
9 .5 2
3 .8 0

9 .9 0
9 .5 9
3 .6 8

3 .2 0 3 .2 0 3 .1 9 -

9 .7 7
5 .9 1
9 .9 0

-

19
19

20

~

16
9

2

3

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND C L E A N E R S . . . .
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING........................ .. .................

532
30 3
229

9 .9 1
9 .9 6
3 .6 8

9 .1 7
9 .9 8
3 .2 3

3 .2 3 3 .9 8 2 .9 6 -

5 .2 1
5 .9 6
9 .0 0

61

60

29

23

8

2

8

52

27

15

90
27
13

GUARDS.




86

7 .6 7
5 .6 5

_
~

“
_

_

-

61

2

-

_
-

-

2

2

-

-

1
1

12

11

_
-

6

-

-

-

-

8

25
25

2 0

2

12

19

15
15

32

“

29
29

30

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

3

-

2

18
7

1

11

-

-

C
C
-

23

22

_

12
11

9
18

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

2

“

-

-

2

-

“

“

“

22

3
-

12

3
3

3

6

9
9

12

3

11

9

3

11

9
9
-

10
1

2

-

2

i
i

5

6

2

6

7
9

2
3

1

2

1

19
13

6
2

5
9

-

9

1

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

«»

25

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

-

11

5

5
6

_
-

-

-

9

1

17
-

29
9

15
19

_
-

1
-

-

-

27

39
5
29

17

20

1

-

1

-

25

-

19
19
-

2

2

8

16

17

72

-

-

30

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

23
23

39

12

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

28

-

20

19

1

28
28
-

1

12

19
-

1

11

29
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

171
166
5

16
16
“

35
39

20

67
65

39
39

_

_

_

10

16

_

_

_

38

_

-

-

-

10

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

9
9
-

6

2
2

92
9C

32
32

81
69

-

~

1

1
1

_
-

9

2

6

2

12

C
1C

2

i

2

1 1

6

1

3

2

3

1

9

2

-

1

9

2

25
18
7

33
31

91
29

13

2

12

7

9

1

_

39

5
5

16

7
6

6

_
-

72
-

1

6

28
18
10

35
32
3

19

8

<
*
9

-

19

-

~

89

_

-

96
96

-

-

89

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

29
29

90

12

-

12

“

~

19
7

90
29
16
“

25
29

9
9

1
-

1

9
3

1

57
57

11 7
11 7
-

21

*1

8
8

38
_
-

~

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

_
-

6

“

-

1

1

-

1

1

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

9
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

9
9
59
51
8

8
8

i
96
91
5

21

17
9

9
32
19
13

3
3

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

9

16
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

“

~

11

_




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
O ccupation,

sex,

3

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

O ccu pation ,

3

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
Number (mean2 )
of
hourly
workers earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROCM. AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MAINTENANCE

sex,

77

CARPENTERS.•• • • • • • • • • • •
29

7 .8 7
NONMANUFACTURING...........................................

76
7G
397
315

7 .1 1
7 .1 8

80

WAREHOUSEMEN..............................................................
MANUFACTURING...................................................

289
57

5 .3 9
8 .5 9

130

8 .9 7

82

5 .3 2

883

5 .0 8

8 .1 7
8 .1 7

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H I N E R Y ) . .
M A NU FA CTU RI NG. .. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

5 .6 5
5 .8 8

7 .3 7
7 .3 7

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS...................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

52
29

SHIPPING

IOC

8 .6 2

MANUFACTURING...................................................

MAINTENANCE ELECTR IC IA NS ............ .................

28

7 .9 2
7 .8 8
8 .3 0

MAINTENANCE

100

MECHANICS

NONMANUFACTURING.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ......................................

PACKERS...................................................

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS........................

587
118

7 .7 8

77

7 .8 0

NONMANUFACTURING...........................................

7 .8 9
8 .8 1

133

8 .3 8

GUARDS. CLASS B ................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING...........................................

91
51
80

8 .1 8

876

8 .5 0

187

58

183
25

GUARDS................................................................................

MANUFACTURING....................................................

3 .7 8

8 .8 5

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRUCKDRIVERS...............................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
PUBLIC

579
278

8 .8 9
8 .3 1

JANITORS.

PORTERS. AND C L E A N E R S . . . .

U T I L I T I E S . . . • • • •• • •• •• •

TRUCKDRIVERS.

LIGHT

TRUCK.....................

89

8.02

TRUCKDRIVERS.

MEDIUM TRUCK..................

128

HEAVY TRUCK.....................

20 8

5 .7 2

TRUCKDRIVERS. T RA C T O R -T R A I L E R .. . .
MANUFACTURING....................................................

200

71

8 .3 8
7 .5 1

6 5
G5

5 .3 8
5 .3 6

3 .8 0

5 .9 1

TRUCKDRIVERS.

8 .8 8

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
74

S H I P PE RS ...........................................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

JANITORS.

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

10

PORTERS.

AND C L E A N E R S . . . .

58
40

3 .5 7
3 .2 0




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., for selected periods
-------------June 1975------------- ------------- June 1976------------

June 1977"

------------- June 1975-------------

to

to

to

to

June 1976

In d u stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group 5

June 1977

June 1978

June 1979

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ___________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g ______________ ______ _
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s __________________ _________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s__________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s . ___________________________

8.7
8.0
7.4
7.9
8.5

6.6
6.5
6 .7
7.0
8.5

6.0
7.9
3.6
5.5
5.5

6 .7
6.4
8.5
8.7
8.3

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g __________________________
In d u s tr ia l nurs es_________________________ ________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s __________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s _____________________________

9 .7
(6 )
7.4
8.2
8.6

7.6
(6 )
6.6
6.8
8.4

6.3
7.4
4.3
7.0
5.4

7.5
(6 )
9.5
8.9
8.9

N on m an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ______________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . __________________ ___
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _________________________ __________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s ___________ . . _____________

7.5
6.5
(6 )
8.2

5.4
4.5
(6 )
9.0

5.8

6.3
(‘ )
(6 )
7.4

£>
(6 )
5.3

See footn otes at end of tables.

V

11

*

Table A -8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
O ffic e c le r i c a l o c c u p a tio n b ein g c o m p a r e d —
O c c u p a t i o n w h i c h e q u a l s 100

Secretaries

Class A

SECRETARIESt CLASS A ...........................
SECRETARIES » CLASS B...........................
SECRETARIES, CLASS C...........................
SECRETARIESt CLASS 0 ...........................
SECRETARIESt CLASS E ...........................
STENOGRAPHERSt GENERAL.....................
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE T Y P I S T S . .
T YP I S T S t CLASS A ......................................
T YP I S T S t CLASS B ......................................
FILE CLERKSt CLASS C...........................
MESSENGERS.......................................................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS........................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORRECEP TION IST S............................................
ORDER CLERKSt CLASS B........................
ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING CLERKSt CLASS B . . . .
BILLING-MACHINE B I L L E R S ...................
PAYROLL CLERKS............................................
KEY ENTRY OPERATORSt CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORSt CLASS B . .

Class B

Class C

Class D

Class E

S ten ographers,
gen eral

Tran­
scrib in gm ach in e
typists

Typists
F ile clerks,
class C
Class A

Messen­
gers

Class B

Sw itch­
board
operators

Sw itch­
board
op eratorr ecep ­
tionists

Order
clerks,
class B

A c c o u n tin g clerks

Class A

Class B

B illin g m a ch in e
billers

K ey entry operators
Payroll
clerks
Class A

Class B

100
122

100

116
160
(6 )
170
(6 )
176
196

120

100

127
117
(6 )
199
15 1
165
18 3
193
199

115
113
(6)
(6)
128
198
162
169

139
(6 )
123
196
(6 )
199
125
136

116
(6 )
106
127
(6 )
117

212

223
177
155
166
1 1 1

178
(6 )
186
(6 )
173

120

1 1 1
122

100

105
119
16)
118
139
196
138
109

1 0

115
16)
99

(6 )
(6 )
10 3
118
(6 )
95
(6 )
10 5

112

(
(

)
6 )
95
119
6

C
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
125
11 5
(6 )
(G )

100

)

100

100

(

99
108
97
12 5
(6 )

100

11 7
12 5
12 8
92

100

102

99
(6 )
90
1 09
(6 )
95
90
10 3

90
99
77
93
80
89
79

6

113
116
105
89
96
(6 )
90
109
(6 )

(6)
(6 )
1 6)
(6 )
(6)
87
(6 )

102

90
112

(6 )
1 09
77

88

100

(6 )

100

88

79

16)
(6 )
72
89
(6 )
79
72
90

89
77
67
89
(6 )
89
71
79

IC O

)

100

101

(

1 06
85

6

90
1 1 1

102

(

100

(6 )
95
(6 )

1 06

102

)
98

6

100

73
10 5
(6 )
(6 )

100

86

110

100

127

125
(6 )
109

100

97
90
85

100
100

100

(
(

101

106

100

112

129

6
6

)
)

100

P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l occu p a tio n b ein g c o m p a r e d —
C om pu ter systems analysts (business)

Class A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) t CLASS A...........................
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) t CLASS B...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) t CLASS A...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) t CLASS B...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) t CLASS C...........................
COMPUTER OPERATORSt CLASS A . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORSt CLASS B . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C . . .
DRAFTERS, CLASS A ...................................
DRAFTERS, CLASS B ...................................
DRAFTERS, CLASS C ...................................
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL N U R S E S ..

Class B

C om p u ter program mers (business)

Class A

Class B

Computer operators

Class C

Class A

Class B

Drafters

Class C

Class A

Class B

R egistered
nurses

Class C

100

126

100

12 3

109

158

128

125

100

188
186
21 3
26 8
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

152
(6)
177

152
151
176

122

100

212

211

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
158

1Z5
(6 )
176
(6)

118
137
172
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
129
195
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

100

100

129
159
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
112

100

126
70
81
(6 )
89

100

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
69

100

123
199
137

100

129
(6 )

100

(

6

)

100

See footn ote at end o f t a b le s .

N O T E : T a b le s A - 8 and A -9 p r e s e n t the a v e ra g e pay r e la tio n s h ip be tw e e n p a ir s o f o c c u p a tio n s w ithin e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F o r e x a m p le , a valu e o f 122 in d ica te s the e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n
d ir e c t ly above in the heading a re 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a value o f 85 in d ica te s e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n in the heading
are 15 p e r c e n t b e lo w ea rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n in the stub.
S ee appendix A fo r m e th o d o f co m p u ta tio n .




12

Table A -9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979
M a in ten an ce, t o o lr o o m , and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —
O cc u p a tio n w hich equ a ls 100

M echanics
Carpenters

Electricians

M achinists

T o o l and d ie makers
M achine ry

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS......................
MAINTENANCE EL EC T RI CI AN S ................
MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS......................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M ACH IN ERY ) ..................................................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S )....................................
MAINTENANCE TRADES H E L P E R S . . . .
TOOL AND DIE MAKERS..............................
STATIONARY ENGINEERS...........................
BOILER TENDERS............................................

Stationary engineers

B oiler tenders

M otor veh icles

100
102

100

96

101

100

108

102

102

100

(8)
127
92
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
125
97

(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
90
98
109

122

97
98
(6 )

101
110

100

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

100

76
(6 )
(6 )

100

(

6

)

100

(6 )

11 1

100

M a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l o ccu p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —
T ruck drivers
Shippers
Light truck

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT TRUCK.............
TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM T R U C K . . . .
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK.............
TRUCKDRIVERS. TRAC TO R- TR AI LE R.
S H I P PE RS ..............................................................
RECE IV ERS ...........................................................
SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS......................
WAREHOUSEMEN..................................................
ORDER F I L L E R S ...............................................
SHIPPING PACKERS.......................................
MATERIAL HANDLING L A B O R E R S . . . .
FORKLIFT OPERATORS.................................
GUAR0S. CLASS A..........................................
6 UARDS• CLASS B..........................................
J A N I T O R S . POR TE RS. AND
CLEANERS...........................................................

M edium truck

H eavy truck

R eceivers

Shippers and
receivers

W arehousem en

Order fillers

Shipping packers

T ractor-trailer

M aterial
handling
laborers

Guards
Janitors, porters
and cleaners

Forklift
operators
Class A

Class B

100

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
105
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
120

100

(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6 )
96
(6 )
(6 )
11 9
(6 )
110

(6)
(6 )
122

100

(
(
(
(
(

6
6
6
6
6

)
)
)
)
)

(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)
)

12*1

100

(6 )
1 15
99
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
11 1
(6
(6

)
)

12 8

100

(

99
6 )

101

(6 )
(6 )
1 06
9<l
(6 )
(6 )
11 6

100

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
115

100

(6)
108
10 7
(6 )
100

112

89
(6 )
(6 )

100

(6 )
(6 )

118

122

(6 )
(6 )

100
100

99
(6 )
(6 )

1 05
(6 )
93
(6 )
(6 )

1C 3
92
(6)
1 16

102

112

(

110

119

1 08

102

112

1 2

1 1 1

100

(

92
6 )

100

(

6

)

100
6

)
<
*

100

96

100

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s .

N O T E : T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pay re la tio n s h ip b etw een p a ir s o f o ccu p a tio n s w ithin e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F o r e x a m p le , a value of 122 in d ica tes that e a rn in g s fo r the occu p a tion d ir e c t ly
a b o v e in the heading a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than earnings fo r the occu p a tio n d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a value o f 85 in d ica te s ea rn in g s f o r the o c c u p a tio n in the heading a r e 15 p ercen t
b e lo w e a r n in g s fo r the o c c u p a t io n in the stub.
S ee app en dix A f o r m eth o d o f com p u tation .




13

Footnotes

1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir r e g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r tim e at
re g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ), and the earn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to th ese
w eek ly h ou rs.
2 The m ea n is com pu ted fo r ea ch jo b by totalin g the earn in g s o f all
w o r k e r s and dividing by the n u m ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian design ates
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sa m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the sa m e o r le s s than the rate show n. The m id d le range is d efin ed by tw o
rates o f pay: a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s earn the sa m e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th ese ra tes and a fou rth ea rn the sa m e o r m o r e than the h igh er rate.




14

3 E arnings data relate on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id e n tifica tio n was
p ro v id e d by the estab lish m en t.
4 E xclu des p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s,
h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
3 E stim ates fo r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 rela te to m en on ly fo r
sk ille d m aintenance and unskilled plant w o r k e r s . A ll oth er e stim a te s rela te
to m en and w om en.
6 Data do not meet, pu blica tion c r it e r ia o r data not a v a ila b le.

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 72 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and se r v ic e s. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey,
as w ell as the number actually studied.
Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3 - year
intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit,
m ail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating
in the previous survey.
A 8ample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected
for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, less estab­
lishm ents which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
m ost c a ses, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.
The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all estab­
lishm ents within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and
number of em ployees. From this stratified universe a probability sample
is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of se­
lection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion
o f large than sm all establishments is selected. When data are combined,
each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so
that unbiased estim ates are generated. For example, if one out of four
establishm ents is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus
three oth ers. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the
sam e in d u stry-size classification if data are not available from the original
sam ple m em b er. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is
assigned to a sample m em ber that is sim ilar to the m issing unit.
Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office c lerica l; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom.

and powerplant; and (4) m aterial movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job
titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the
occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the
scope of the survey, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data
to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data. Separate m en's and women's earnings data are not
presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent
or m ore of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data
not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all
industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level,
data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is
not shown or information to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
w orkers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are
rounded to th e'n earest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of
workers on some A -tab les indicate a change in the size of the class intervals.
These surveys m easure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual jobs
are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change, or
high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occu­
pational average even though m ost establishments in an area increase wages
during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
A - 7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.
Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries
pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.

1
Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
and establishments differ in
Akron, O hio and P oughkeepsie-K ingston-N ew burgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area
differently to the estimates
studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S.
D epartm ent o f Labor.




A v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion s should
not be assu m ed to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the se x e s w ithin in dividu al
esta b lish m en ts.
F a c to r s w hich m ay con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu de p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ithin e sta b lis h e d rate ran ges (on ly the ra tes paid in cu m bents a re
c o lle c te d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e of s p e c ific duties w ithin the g e n e ra l su r v e y jo b
d e s cr ip tio n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s
u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in individu al esta b lish m en ts
and a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo rm e d .
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t estim a tes r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll e s t a b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e of the study and not the num ber a ctu a lly su rv ey ed .
B eca u se occu p a tion a l s tru ctu re s am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r , estim a tes of
occu p a tion a l em p loym en t obtained fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the earn in gs data.

P e r ce n t changes fo r in dividu al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com pu ted
as fo llo w s :
1. A v era g e earnings a re com p u ted f o r e a ch occu p a tion fo r
the 2 y ea rs being co m p a re d .
The a v e r a g e s are d e r iv e d
fr o m earn ings in th ose esta b lish m en ts w hich a r e in
the su rv ey both y e a r s ; it is a s su m e d that em p loym en t
rem ains unchanged.
2.

Each occu pation is a s sig n e d a w eigh t b a sed on its p r o ­
portion ate em ploym ent in the occu p a tion a l grou p in the
ba se y ea r.

3.

T h ese w eights are u sed to com p u te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
Each occu p a tion 's a v era g e earn in gs (com p u ted in step 1)
is m u ltiplied by its w eight.
The p ro d u cts a r e tota led to
Obtain a grou p av erag e.

4.

The ratio o f group a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com puted by dividing the a v e r a g e fo r the cu r re n t y e a r by
the av erag e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The re s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p ercen t— le s s 100 is the p e r ce n t change.

Wage tren ds fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion a l grou ps
The p e r ce n t in c r e a s e s p re se n te d in ta b le A -7 a r e b a sed on changes
in a v era g e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f m en and w om en in esta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the
tren d job s in both the cu r re n t and p rev iou s y e a r (m a tch ed esta b lish m en ts).
The data a r e ad ju sted to re m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v era g e earn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m ent shifts am ong esta b lish m en ts and tu rn ov er o f esta b lish m en ts in cluded
in su rv ey sa m p le s.
T h e p e rce n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a r e still a ffe c te d by
fa c to r s oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H irin g s, la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m ay a ffe c t
an esta b lish m en t a v e ra g e fo r an o ccu p a tion when w o rk e r s a r e paid under plans
providin g a ran ge o f w age ra tes fo r individu al jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r ex a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m ay en ter at the b o tto m o f the ra n ge,
d ep re ss in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in w age rates.
The p e r ce n t changes rela te to w age changes betw een the in d ica ted
dates.
When the tim e span b etw een su rv e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
ra tes a re a ls o show n,
(it is a s su m e d that w ages in c r e a s e at a constan t rate
betw een s u r v e y s .)
O ccupations u sed to com pu te w age tren d s a r e :
O ffice c le r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g —
Continued

S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , se n io r
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g en era l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M ess en gers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a to r s
O rd e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K ey en try o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C om pu ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
C om p u ter sy ste m s analysts,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C




In du stria l n u rses
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
nur s e s
S k illed m ain ten an ce
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in ters
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics (m a ch in e ry )
M ech a n ics (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n sk illed plant
J a n ito rs, p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te ria l handling la b o r e r s

F o r a m o re d etailed d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com p u te th ese
w age tr e n d s , see "Im p rov in g A re a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly L a b or
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e ra g e pay relation sh ips within esta b lish m en ts
R ela tive m e a su re s o f occu p a tion a l pay a r e p r e se n te d in ta ble A - 8
fo r w h ite -c o lla r occu p ation s and in ta ble A - 9 fo r b l u e -c o lla r occu p a tio n s.
T h e se r e la tiv e values r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay betw een occu p a tion s w ithin
in dividu al estab lish m en ts.
R elative pay v alu es a r e com pu ted by dividing an
e sta b lis h m e n t's a v era g e earnings fo r an occu p a tio n being c o m p a re d by the
a v e ra g e fo r another occu pation (d esign a ted as 100) and m u ltiplyin g the quotient
by 100. F o r exam ple, if ja n itors in a fir m a v e r a g e $ 4 an hour and fo r k lift
o p e r a to rs $ 5 , fo r k lift o p e ra to rs have a r e la tiv e pay value of 125 c o m p a re d
w ith ja n ito r s . ($ 5 4- $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.) In com b in in g the r e la tiv e s of
the individu al establishm ents to a r r iv e at an o v e r a ll a v e r a g e , each e s t a b lis h ­
m ent is c o n s id e r e d to have as m any r e la tiv e s as it has w eigh ted w o r k e r s
in the tw o job s being com p a red .
P ay relation sh ips b a sed on o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s m a y d iffe r c o n s id e r a b ly
b e c a u se of the varyin g con trib u tion o f h ig h - and lo w -w a g e esta b lish m en ts to
the a v e r a g e s .
F o r ex a m p le, the o v e r a ll a v e r a g e h o u rly earn in gs fo r fo r k lift
o p e r a to rs m a y be 50 p ercen t m o r e than the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s b e c a u se the
a v e ra g e fo r fo rk lift o p era tors m ay be stro n g ly in flu en ced b y earn in g s in
h igh -w ag e estab lish m en ts w hile the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s m a y be s tro n g ly
in flu en ced b y earnings in low -w a g e esta b lis h m e n ts.
In su ch a c a s e , the
in tra -e s ta b lis h m e n t relation sh ip w ill in d ica te a m u ch s m a lle r d iffe r e n c e
in ea rn in g s.
E sta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en tary w age p r o v is io n s
Tabulations on se le cte d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
w age p r o v isio n s ( B -s e r ie s ta b les) a r e not p r e se n te d in this b u lletin . I n fo r m a ­
tion fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c te d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls .
T h e se tabu lation s
on m in im u m entrance s a la rie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d if f e r ­
en tia ls; sch edu led w eek ly hours and d a y s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su ra n ce , and p en sion plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p re v io u s bu lletin s fo r this a rea .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J.,1 June 1979
Industry division 2

ALL

INDUSTRY

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

W i t h in s c o p e o f st u d y 4
W i t h in s c o p e
o f st u d y 1

Number

Percent

*»5*»

136

80,6 82

100

111911

2 73
181

72
64

4 8,4 79
3 2,2 03

60
40

2 3,7 34
2 1,1 77

50
50
50
50
50

17
44

11

4 ,4 9 0
3 ,7 6 6
12,9 84
5 ,7 8 9
5 ,1 7 4

7
23

86
20

11
12

34

.
1 T h e P a te r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as
C
P
d e fin e d by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget th rough F e b ru a r y 1974, c o n s is t s
o f P a s s a ic County.
Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s p r o v id e a
r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e
in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
E stim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n with
oth er s t a t is t ic a l s e r ie s to m e a s u r e e m p loym en t trends o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning
o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce of
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e
o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d itio n o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n Manual w as used
in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
A ll go v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s a r e
e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su rve y.
3 In clu d e s a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym en t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m
lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tr a d e ,




St u d i ed

Studied

50
-

D IV IS IO NS

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------FIN ANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ES T A T E 6 --------------SE RV IC ES 6 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts

N u m ber of establishm ents

6
5
16
7

6

3 ,8 1 6
76 4
9 ,4 4 7
4 ,5 6 0
2 ,5 9 0

fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as one
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts with total e m p loy m en t (w ithin the
a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to " p u b lic u tilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e ex clu d ed .
6 S e p a ra te data f o r this d iv is io n a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ,
but the d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in the " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g "
e s tim a te s .
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p ark in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and en gin eerin g and
a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

17

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bu­
reau's wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying
into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety
of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to
establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational
wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of- this em ­
phasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational
content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those
in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives
are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and parttim e, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose
earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded.
Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the
job descriptions, are excluded.

Office
SECRETARY

SECRETARY— Continued

Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of
the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed
supervision and guidance. P erform s varied clerical and secretarial duties
requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.

Exclusions— Continued

a. Positions which do not meet the "p erso n a l" secretary concept
described above;
b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of pro­
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;
d. A ssist ant-type positions which entail more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties
which are not typical of secretarial work, e .g ., Administrative
A ssistant, or Executive Assistant:




Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled "L e v e l of Supervisor, " e.g., secretary to the
president of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;

f.
Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled "s e c r e ta r y " possess the
above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the
definition are as follows:

e.

Trainees.

Classification by Level
Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched
at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company's organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these
two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of
the factors.
Level of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
LS—1

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l— Continued

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l— Continued

b.

LS—
2

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o ffic e r or assistam t, sk ille d te ch n icia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE:
Many com pa n ies a s s i g n s te n o g r a p h e rs ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab ove, to th is le v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an ex e cu tiv e o r m a n a g eria l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ility is n ot equ ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ations in
the d efin ition fo r LS—
3, but w hose org a n iz a tion a l unit n o rm a lly
n u m b ers at le a st s e v e r a l dozen em p lo y e e s and is usu ally divided
into o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts w hich are often , in turn, fu rth er
su b d iv id ed . In so m e co m p a n ie s , this le v e l in clu d es a w ide range
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one or tw o; or

b.

a.

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility (L R )
T his fa c to r evalu ates the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r ,
e x p e cte d to e x e r c is e in itiative and
at LR—1 o r LR—2 d e s c r ib e d b e lo w

S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p resid en t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, few er than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in dividual plant, fa c t o r y , e t c ., (or
oth e r eq u ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, few er
than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

N O TE : The te r m "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u sed in the above LS definition
r e fe r s to th ose o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifica n t corp o ra te w id e policym akin g
r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pan y a c tiv it ie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ,"
though n o rm a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a se s identify such
p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e sid e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p erson a lly
on individu al c a s e s o r tra n sa ctio n s (e .g ., ap prove o r deny individual loan
o r cre d it a c tio n s ; a d m in ister in dividu al tru st a ccou n ts; d ir e c tly su p erv ise a
c le r i c a l staff) are not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r s " for pu rp oses
o f applying the defin ition .

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o ffic e r (other than ch a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

LR—1. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l duties in cluding or com p a ra b le
to m o s t o f the follow in g :
a. A n sw ers te le p h o n e s,
com in g m a il.

c a lle r s ,

and opens

in ­

A n sw ers teleph on e re q u e sts w h ich have standard a n sw ers.
r e p ly to re q u e sts b y sending a fo r m le tte r .

R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em ora n d a , and r e p o rts p rep a red by
oth ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r ’ s sign ature to en su re p r o ce d u r a l and
ty p o g ra p h ica l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M aintains s u p e r v is o r ’ s
in stru cte d .

e.

T y p e s , ta k es and tra in scrib es d icta tion , and file s .

calen d ar

and m a k es

May

appointm ents

as

LR—2. P e r fo r m s duties d e s c r ib e d under LR—1 and, in addition
p e r fo r m s ta sk s r e q u irin g g r e a te r ju dgm en t, in itia tiv e, amd kn ow l­
edge o f o ffic e fu nction s in cluding o r com p a ra b le to m o s t o f the
follow in g :

e. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la rg e and im portan t org a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le m anagem ent s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
za tion a l seg m en t often in volvin g as many as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in all, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

a. S c r e e n s telep h on e aind p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , determ ining w hich cam
be hamdled by the s u p e r v is o r 's su bord in ates o r oth er o ffic e s .

a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b.

c. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m ed ia tely below the c o r p o r a te o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t o r su b sid ia ry o f a com pan y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

19

A n sw ers r e q u e sts w hich r e q u ire a detailed know ledge o f o f ­
fic e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c tio n o f in form a tion fr o m file s o r
oth er o f f ic e s .
M ay sign routine c o rr e s p o n d e n ce in own or
s u p e r v is o r 's naime.

c.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r (other than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0
but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r




person al

c.

d. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c t o r y , e t c ., (or
oth er eq u ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, ov e r
5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

g re e ts

b.

c . S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m ed ia tely below the o ffic e r le v e l) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o rp o r a te w id e fu nction al a ctivity ( e .g ., m a rk etin g,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l re la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ead q u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r
5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; or

LS—
4

nature o f the w ork rela tion sh ip between
and the extent to w h ich the s e c r e ta r y is
ju dgm en t. S e c r e ta r ie s should be m atched
a c c o rd in g to th eir le v e l o f r e sp o n sib ility .

C om p iles o r a s s is ts in com p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o rts on the b a sis
o f g e n e r a l in s tru ctio n s .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR—2)— Continued

Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s ­
sem bles necessary background m aterial for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.
e.

Explains supervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
v iso r 's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)
TYPIST

The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each
LS and LR combination.
Level of secretary's
_____ supervisor_____

Level of secretary's responsibility
LR—1

LS—1___
LS—2____________________________________
LS—
3____________________________________
LS—
4_________________________—__________

Class
Class
Class
Class

E
D
C
B

LR—2
Class
Class
Class
Class

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a steno­
graphic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary
duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine Typist).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one man­
ager or executive and perform s more responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, Senior.
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as In legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May
also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the
following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure; and
of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup file s; assembling
material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
routine questions, etc.
Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May
maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks.




Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating proc­
e sses.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as
keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.
C lass A . Performs one or m ore of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout and
typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in
spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circum stances.
C lass B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.

FILE CLERK
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain file s.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter file s. May also file this
m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the file s.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
C lass B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cro ss-re fe re n c e aids. A s requested,
locates clearly identified material in files and forwards m aterial. May
perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
C lass C . Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). A s requested,
locates readily available material in files and forwards m aterials; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service file s.

M ESSEN GER

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es su ch as s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and d istribu tin g
m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r i c a l w ork . E xclude p osition s that r e q u ire o p e r a ­
tion of a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

C la ss B. H andles o r d e r s in volvin g ite m s w hich have rea d ily id e n ­
tifie d u ses and a p p lica tio n s .
M ay r e fe r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa ctu re r's m anual,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in sd re that p r o p e r item is su pplied o r to v e r ify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R

ACCOUNTIN G C L E R K

O p era tes a telep h on e sw itch boa rd o r co n s o le used with a p riv a te
b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X ) sy ste m to rela y in com in g, outgoing, and in tra sy stem
c a lls .
M ay p r o v id e 1 in form a tion to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tra n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la ce d and to ll c h a rg e s. B esid es operatin g a telephon e
sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le , m ay a lso type o r p e r fo r m routine c le r i c a l w ork
(typing o r routine c l e r i c a l w o rk m ay occu p y the m a jor portion o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u su a lly p e r fo r m e d w hile at the sw itchboard o r c o n s o le ).
C hief
o r lead o p e r a t o r s in esta b lish m en ts em ploying m ore than one o p e ra to r are
ex clu d ed .
F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso acts as a re ce p tio n ist, see Sw itchboard
O p e ra to r -R e c e p tio n is t.

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c le r i c a l ta sk s such as postin g to
r e g is te r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts ; v e rify in g the internal c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a c c u r a c y o f accounting docu m en ts;
a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining and v e rify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a riou s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , postin g,
e tc .; o r p re p a rin g sim p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lica te d jou rn a l
v o u c h e r s . M ay w o rk in eith er a m anual o r autom ated accoun tin g sy stem .
The w o rk r e q u ire s a k n ow ledge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w hich r e la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e co r d in g
o f tr a n sa ctio n s and a ccou n tin g in form a tion . W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w ork er
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the book k eep in g and accou n tin g te r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s sig n e d w o rk , but is not re q u ire d to have a know ledge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f book k eepin g and a ccou n tin g .

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E CEPTIO N IST
At a
an o p e r a to r —
w o rk in v o lv es
b u sin ess and
p ria te p e r s o n
arra n gin g an

s in g le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch board o r c o n s o le , a cts both as
see S w itch boa rd O p era tor— and as a rece p tio n ist. R ecep tion ist's
su ch duties as g reetin g v is it o r s ; determ ining nature o f v is ito r 's
p rov id in g a p p ro p ria te in form ation; re fe rr in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in the o rg a n iz a tio n o r contacting that p erson by teleph on e and
appointm ent; keeping a log o f v is ito r s .

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d
d efin ition s:

into

le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A .
U nder g en era l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l
o p e r a tio n s w hich re q u ire the a p p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d or n on rep etitiv e accoun tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , se le ctin g am ong a su bstantial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d accoun tin g co d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a ctio n s th rough p rev iou s accounting
a ction s to d eterm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one or
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

O RD ER C L E R K
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u s to m e r s ' pu rch ase o r d e r s fo r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d ise fr o m c u s to m e r s or sa les peop le. W ork ty p ica lly in volves
som e com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g du ties: Quoting p r ic e s ; determ in in g a v a il­
a b ility o f o r d e r e d item s and su ggestin g substitutes, when n e c e s s a r y ; advisin g
e x p ected d e liv e r y date and m ethod o f d e liv e r y ; record in g o r d e r and cu s to m e r
in form a tion on o r d e r sh eets; checkin g o r d e r sheets fo r a c c u r a c y and
ad equ acy o f in form a tion r e c o r d e d ; ascerta in in g cred it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r with ackn ow ledgem ent o f receip t of o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to se e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the sp e cifie d date or to let cu s to m e r know
o f a d ela y in d e liv e r y ; m aintaining o r d e r file ; checking shipping in v o ice
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la ss B.
Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , follow in g detailed in stru ction s
and stan d ard ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w ork sh eets w h ere
id en tifica tion o f item s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly indicated;
ch eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and rep etitiv e r e c o r d s
o r a ccou n tin g d ocu m en ts; and cod in g docu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g c o d e s .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s paid on a co m m issio n ba sis o r w hose duties
include any o f the fo llo w in g : R e ce iv in g o r d e r s for s e r v ic e s rath er than fo r
m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p rovid in g cu stom ers with con su ltative a d vice
using k n ow ledge gained fr o m en gin eerin g o r extensive te c h n ic a l train in g;
em p h a sizin g se llin g s k ills ; handling m a teria l or m erch a n d ise as an in teg ra l
part o f the job .

BO O K K EE PIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a bookkeeping m a ch in e (w ith o r without a ty p ew riter k e y ­
boa rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

follow in g

C la ss A . K eeps a set o f r e c o r d s req u irin g a know ledge o f and
e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eepin g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity with the stru ctu re
o f the p a rticu la r accou n tin g sy ste m u sed .
D eterm in es p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d istrib u tion o f debit and c r e d it item s to be u sed in each phase o f the w ork .
M ay p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.

C la ss A . H andles o r d e r s that involve making ju dgm en ts su ch as
ch oosin g w hich s p e c ific p rod u ct o r m a teria l fr o m the e sta b lish m en t's produ ct
lin e s w ill sa tis fy the c u s t o m e r 's n eed s, o r determ ining the p r ic e to be
quoted when p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe rrin g to a p r ic e lis t o r
m aking som e s im p le m a th em a tica l ca lcu la tion s.

C la ss B . K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r section s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly req u irin g little kn ow ledge o f b a s ic bookkeeping.
P h a ses o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' accou n ts
(not in cluding a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m achine b ille r ),

P o sitio n s
d efin itio n s :

are




c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

accord in g

to

the

21

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

c o st d is trib u tio n , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in ven tory c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay ch e ck
o r a s sist in p rep a ra tion o f tr ia l b a la n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r
the accou n tin g d epa rtm en t.

C lass B . W ork is routine and r e p e tit iv e . U nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n
o r follow in g s p e c ific p r o ce d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w ork s fr o m v a r io u s sta n ­
d a rd ize d s o u rce docum ents w h ich have been - co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and r e q u ir e little o r no
s e le c t in g , codin g, o r in terp retin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r ­
v is o r p r o b le m s a risin g fr o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s
o r c o d e s o r m is s in g
in form a tion .

MACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er than
an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r . M ay a lso keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w ork in cid en tal to b illin g
o p e ra tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m ach in e b ille r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a sp e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (com b in a tion
typing and adding m ach in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ice s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rch a se o r d e r s , in tern a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m em ora n d a , etc.
U sually in v olv es ap p lica tion o f p re d e te rm in e d d iscou n ts and shipping ch a rg e s
and entry o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n sio n s, w hich m ay o r m ay not be com pu ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e, and to ta ls w hich a re a u tom a tica lly accu m u la ted by
m ach in e.
The o p era tion u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e num ber o f ca rb on c o p ie s
o f the b ill being p re p a re d and is often done on a fan fold m a ch in e.
B ook k eep in g -m a ch in e b i l l e r . U ses a bookkeeping m ach in e (w ith or
without a ty p e w rite r keyboard) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as pa rt o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le op era tion . G en era lly in volves the sim u ltaneou s en try o f
fig u re s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m ach in e a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u re s on a n um ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
au tom atica lly the debit o r c re d it b a la n c e s.
D oes not in volve a kn ow ledge
o f bookkeepin g. W ork s fr o m u n iform and standard ty p es o f sa le s and
cred it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLE R K

Professional and Technical
CO M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST , BUSINESS
A n alyzes b u sin ess p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solv in g
th em by use o f e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D evelop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f all sp e cifica tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ire d digital com pu ter p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a lyzes su b je ct-m a tte r op era tion s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r ia re q u ire d to a ch ieve s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n um ber and
typ es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docu m en ts to be u sed ; ou tlin es a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e rso n n e l and co m p u te rs in su ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p re se n ta tio n
to m anagem ent and for p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flow ch a rts); c o o rd in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s
and p a rticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e rs p e rfo rm in g both s y ste m s a n a ly sis and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be
c la s s ifie d as sy stem s analysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e
th e ir p a y.)
D oes not in clude e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m ent o r su p erv ision o f other e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s analysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F or

P e r fo r m s the c le r i c a l ta sk s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m aintain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W ork in v olv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w age r a te s , su p plem en tary b e n e fits, o r tax d ed u ction s; editing p a y r o ll
listin g s against s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s sistin g in p rep a ra tion o f p e r io d ic su m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r t s . In a n on autom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g es. W ork m ay r e q u ire a p r a c tic a l
know ledge o f g ov ern m en ta l re g u la tio n s, com pan y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
com p u ter sy ste m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEY EN TRY O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify alphabetic a n d /o r
n u m eric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.
P o sitio n s
defin ition s.

a r e c la s s ifie d into

le v e ls on the b a sis o f the

follow in g

C la ss A . W ork r e q u ir e s the ap p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent
in se le ctin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in sea rch in g f o r , in terp retin g ,
se le ctin g , o r cod in g item s to be keypunched fr o m a v a rie ty o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts. On o c c a s io n m ay a lso p e r fo r m som e routine keypunch w ork . M ay
train in e x p e rie n ce d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .




w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s

an alysts

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C lass A. W orks in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s in volvin g all p h a ses o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is. P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r se s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data. (F o r ex a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p ro d u ctio n s c h e d ­
u ling, in ven tory c o n tro l, cost a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y ite m o f each type is a u tom a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and ap p rop ria te follow u p a ction s are in itiated by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe rs with p e rso n s co n ce rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v ises su b je ct-m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
sy ste m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , if n eed ed ,
fo r ap proval o f m a jo r sy stem s in sta lla tio n s o r changes and fo r obtain in g
equ ipm ent.
May p rov id e fu nction al
who are a ssign ed to a s sist.

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r le v e l s y s te m s an alysts

C lass B . W orks in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that are r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly ze, pla n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s are o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e c a u se s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h om ogeneou s and the output data are c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,
d ev e lo p s sy stem s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a ccou n ts r e ce iv a b le in a r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m aintaining in v e n to ry

C O M P U TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

a ccou n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le sa le esta b lish m en t.) C on fers w ith p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v ises
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy ste m s
to be a p plied.
OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e or
s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W orks independently on routine a s s ig n ­
m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guidance on com p lex a ssig n m en ts. W ork
is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, com p lia n ce with in s tru ctio n s , and to
in su re p r o p e r align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll sy stem .
C la ss C . W ork s under im m ed ia te su p e rv isio n , c a r ry in g out an aly­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su ally o f a sin g le a ctivity. A ssig n m en ts are design ed to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the ap plication o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly sis w ork . F or exam ple, m ay a s s is t a higher
le v e l s y s te m s an alyst by p r e p a r in g the d etailed sp e cifica tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d ev elop ed by the higher le v e l an alyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C on v erts statem en ts o f b u sin e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly st, into a seq u en ce o f d etailed in stru ction s w h ich are r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by a u tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. W orkin g fr o m
ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r develop s the p r e c is e in stru ction s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d into the com p u ter s y s te m in cod ed language, cau se the m anipu ­
la tion o f data to a ch iev e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s kn ow led ge o f com p u ter c a p a b ilitie s , m a th em a tics, lo g ic em p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a rticu la r su b je ct m atter in volved to analyze ch a rts and
d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; develop s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d eta iled flow ch a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e ch a rts to cod ed in stru ction s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in stru ction s for op era tin g p e r so n n e l
du ring p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and alters p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ire m e n ts; m aintains r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev elop m en t and r e v is io n s .
(NOTE: W ork ers p e r fo rm in g both
s y s te m s a n a lysis and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy ste m s analysts
if th is is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th eir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e sp o n sib le fo r the m a n a g e­
m ent o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , or p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r en gin eerin g p r o b le m s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN ESS— C o n tin u e d

linkage poin ts betw een o p e r a tio n s , adjustm ents to data when p r o g r a m r e ­
q u irem en ts e x c e e d com p u ter sto ra g e ca p a city , and su bstantial m anipulation
and re se q u e n cin g o f data elem en ts to fo r m a highly in teg ra ted p ro g ra m .
M ay p rov id e fu nction al
are assig n ed to a s s is t.

C lass B . W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ire ctio n on
r e la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , or on sim p le seg m en ts o f com p lex p r o g r a m s.
P r o g r a m s (or seg m en ts) u su ally p r o c e s s in form a tion to p rod u ce data in two
o r th re e v a r ie d seq u en ces o r fo r m a ts . R e p o r ts and listin g s are prod u ced by
re fin in g , adapting, a rra y in g , o r m aking m in or additions to o r deletion s fro m
input data w hich are r e a d ily a v a ila b le. W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy
and sequen cin g o f data can be te s te d by using a few routine c h e c k s. T y p ica lly ,
the p r o g r a m dea ls w ith routine r e co r d k e e p in g o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W ork s on com p lex p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under c lo se '
d ir e c tio n o f a high er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s sist higher
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r fo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks assign ed,
and p e r fo rm in g m o r e d ifficu lt tasks under fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide or in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C . M akes p r a c tic a l a p plication s o f p rog ra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and con cep ts u su ally le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d esign ed to d ev elop com p eten ce in the ap p lica tion o f stan dard p ro ce d u re s to
routine p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv isio n on new a sp ects o f assign m en ts;
and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n ce with req u ired
p roced u res.
CO M PU TE R O P E R A T O R
M on itors and o p e ra te s the c o n tro l c o n s o le o f a digital com pu ter to
p r o c e s s data a c c o rd in g to operatin g in s tru ctio n s , usually p re p a re d by a p r o ­
g r a m m e r . W ork in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in stru ction s to
d eterm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa ds equipm ent with req u ired
item s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta rts and o p e ra te s com p u ter; m akes adju stm ents to com pu ter to
c o r r e c t op era tin g p r o b le m s and m eet s p e c ia l con d ition s; rev iew s e r r o r s
m ade during op era tion and d eterm in es cau se o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to su p erv isor
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m aintains op era tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay test and a ssist in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la ss A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e com p eten ce in all ph ases o f p ro g ra m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W ork in g fr o m d ia gram s and ch a rts w hich id en tify
the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s steps o f the p r o b le m solv in g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ra n ge o f p r o g r a m m in g action s n eeded to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
co m p u te r s y s te m in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p rod u cts.

For

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter

o p e r a to rs

are

c la s s ifie d as

fo llo w s :
C la ss A . O p era tes indepen den tly, o r under on ly g en era l d ire ctio n , a
com p u ter running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the follow in g c h a r a c t e r is tic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e freq u en tly tested and in trod u ced ; sch edulin g requ irem en ts
are o f c r it ic a l im p orta n ce to m in im ize dow ntim e; the p ro g ra m s are o f
c o m p le x d esign so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r s o u r c e often re q u ire s a w orking
k n ow ledge o f the tota l p r o g r a m , and alternate p r o g r a m s m ay not be available.
M ay give d ir e c tio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b eca u se com p u ter equipm ent
m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r re la te d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a rie ty and e x ten siv e num ber
o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ire s su ch action s as
d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e u s e d , esta b lish m en t o f




d ir e c tio n to low er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C lass B . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r under only g en era l d ire ctio n , a
com p u ter running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the follow in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s are esta b lish ed p rod u ction ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little or no testin g o f new p rogra m s

23

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
major change or cannot be corrected within a reasonably short tim e. In
common error situations, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This
usually involves applying previously programmed corrective steps, or using
standard correction techniques.

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing limited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)

OR

AND/OR

Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or
segments of program s with the characteristics described for class A . May
assist a higher level operator by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing difficult tasks following detailed instructions and
with frequent review of operations performed.

Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
Work is closely supervised during p rogress.

Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is
expected to develop working knowledge of the computer equipment used and
ability to detect problems involved in running routine program s.
Usually has
received some form al training in computer operation. May assist higher
level operator on complex program s.
DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form , function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering deter­
minations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by lower
level drafters.

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability co determine maiiunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit - includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e .g .,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assemblers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.

Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foun­
dations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of
m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths, str e sse s, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.

Positions
definitions:

classified

into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Applies advance technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by r e fe r ­
ence to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on e le c ­
tronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of
circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent
engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the inter­
relationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such
tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave fo rm s, tracing relation­
ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e .g ., dual
trace oscilloscopes, Q -m eters, deviation m eters, pulse generators).

C lass C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information.
Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given
with initial assignm ents. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.




are

Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices.
May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com ­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on

24

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia rity with the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju dgm en t in determ in in g w ork sequ en ce and in s e le ctin g
to o ls and testin g in stru m e n ts , u su ally le s s com p lex than th ose used by the
c la s s A te ch n icia n .

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu nction s such as the in s ta l­
la tion , m a in ten an ce, or r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g en era tion , d istrib u tion ,
o r u tilization o f e le c t r ic e n erg y in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : In stalling or re p a ir in g any o f arvariety o f e le c t r ic a l equ ip ­
m ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , circ u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, conduit s y s t e m s , or oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, la y ou ts, or other s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; loca tin g and diagn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy stem o r eq u ip ­
m en t; w orkin g stan dard com pu tation s rela tin g to loa d re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and
m ea su rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ­
ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually acq u ired
th rough a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or equivalent train in g and e x p e rie n c e .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r or h igher
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w ork is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific com p lia n ce with a ccep ted
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s sig n m e n ts .
May p rov id e te ch n ica l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la ss C . A p p lies w ork in g te c h n ic a l know ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le or
rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent, follow in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s such
ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h igh er le v e l tech n icia n s by p erfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking test re a d in g s; re p a irin g
sim p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a to r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in terrelation sh ips, o f c ir c u it s . T his
k n ow led g e, h o w e v e r, m ay b e a cq u ired through a ssign m en ts d esign ed to
in c r e a s e co m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m train in g) so that w o rk e r can
ad vance to h igh er le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r higher
le v e l te c h n ic ia n . W ork is ty p ic a lly sp o t-ch e c k e d , but is given d eta iled re v ie w
w hen new o r ad va n ced a s sig n m en ts are in volved .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U STRIA L NURSES
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n ursing s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ica l
d ir e c tio n to ill o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s or oth er p erson s who b e c o m e ill or
su ffe r an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the ill or
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d re ss in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p re p a rin g a cciden t r e p o rts fo r com p en sa tion or
oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exam ination s and health evalu ation s o f
a p plican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and ca rry in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
health e d u ca tion , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en v iron m en t, or
oth er a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the health, w e lfa r e , and safety o f all p e rso n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r se s in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than
one n u rse are e x clu d e d .

M AIN TEN AN CE PA IN TE R
P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu res o f an e s ta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f su r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p es o f paint r e q u ire d for d ifferen t a p p lica tion s; p rep a rin g su rfa ce for
painting by r e m o v in g old fin ish or by p la cin g putty o r fille r in nail h oles and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . May m ix c o lo r s ,
o ils , white le a d , and oth er paint in gred ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r or
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce painter re q u ire s
roun ded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usu ally a cq u ired th rough a fo r m a l ap p ren ­
tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AINTENANCE MACHINIST

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

P r o d u c e s re p la ce m e n t parts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m eta l pa rts o f m e c h a n ica l equipm ent op era ted in an esta b lish m en t. W ork
in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in stru ction s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w ork ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in is t's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; setting up and operatin g
stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m eta l parts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking
stan dard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d im en sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g; kn ow ledge o f the w orkin g p r o p e r tie s of the com m on
m e ta ls ; se le ctin g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent re q u ire d fo r this
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s se m b lin g parts into m e c h a n ica l equipm ent. In g en e ra l,
the m a c h in is t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded train in g in m a ch in e -sh o p
p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or equivalent
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

m a in t e n a n c e

M AIN TEN AN CE M ECHANIC (M ach in ery)

carpenter

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to con stru ct and m aintain
in g ood r e p a ir bu ildin g w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s ta ir s , ca s in g s , and tr im m ade
o f w ood in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, draw in gs, m o d e ls , o r v e rb a l
in s tru ctio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p orta b le pow er t o o ls ,
and stan dard m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking standard shop com putations
re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and se le ctin g m a te ria ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the
w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce ca rp en ter r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an estab lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m a ch in es and m ech a n ica l
equipm ent to dia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; dism antlin g o r p a rtly dism antling
m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use of handtools in
scra p in g and fitting p a rts; re p la c in g b rok en or d e fe c tiv e parts with item s
obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o r d e rin g the p rod u ction o f a rep la cem en t part by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jor r e p a ir s ;
p re p a rin g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction of
pa rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s; and m aking all
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents fo r op e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in ery
m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g and e x p e rie n c e usually

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y ) — C o n tin u e d

M IL L W R IG H T — C on tin u ed

a cq u ired th rough a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent train in g and e x p e r i­
en ce. E x clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n are w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in volve settin g up or adjusting m a ch in e s.

w ork ; in terpretin g b lu eprin ts or oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f handto o ls and riggin g; m aking standard shop com pu ta tion s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , and ce n te rs o f g ra v ity ; aligning and ba la n cin g eq u ip ­
m en t; se le ctin g standard t o o ls , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed; and in sta llin g
and m aintaining in good o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent su ch as d riv es
and sp eed r e d u c e rs . In g e n e ra l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a
roun ded trainin g and e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
ap p ren ticesh ip or equivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AINTENANCE MECHANIC (M otor V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining au tom otive equ ip ­
ment to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s se m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo rm in g
r e p a ir s that in volve the use o f su ch h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u ges, d r ills ,
or s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s se m b lin g or fitting p a rts; r e p la c in g brok en
o r d e fe c tiv e pa rts fr o m sto ck ; g rin din g and adju sting v a lv e s ; re a ss e m b lin g
and in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y
ad ju stm en ts; and aligning w h e e ls, adjusting b ra k es and lig h ts, o r tightening
body b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m o to r v e h ic le m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu de
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops.

m e c h a n ics

who

r e p a ir

cus­

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , stea m , g a s, o r oth er ty pes o f pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Laying
out w ork and m ea su rin g to lo ca te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m draw in gs o r other
w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h is e l and h am m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a ch in e s; th readin g
pipe w ith stock s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv en o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in es; a s se m b lin g pipe w ith cou p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h an gers;
m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe r e q u ir e d ; and m aking standard te s ts to d eterm in e w hether fin ish ed pipes
m eet s p e c ific a tio n s . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce p ip efitter
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip or equ ivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
engaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sanitation o r heating sy stem s
are e x clu d e d .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r ic a te s , in s t a lls , and m ain tains in g ood r e p a ir the sh e e t-m e ta l
equipm ent and fix tu re s (su ch as m ach in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans, sh e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n tila to r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m eta l r o o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll types o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c if i­
ca tion s; settin g up and op era tin g a ll av ailab le ty p es o f sh e e t-m e ta l w orkin g
m a ch in es; using a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cutting, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g, and a s se m b lin g ; and in sta llin g sh e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as re q u ire d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly ^ a cq u ired th rough a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW RIGHT
In stalls new m a ch in es or heavy equ ipm en t, and dism a n tles and
in stalls m a ch in es or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout are
re q u ire d .
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and laying out




MAINTENANCE TRADES H ELPE R
A s s is ts one or m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo rm in g s p e c ific or g en era l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, su ch as keepin g a
w o rk e r supplied with m a te ria ls and t o o ls ; clean in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equipm ent; a ssistin g jou rn ey m a n by h oldin g m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g other unskilled tasks as d ir e c te d by jou rn ey m a n . The kind o f w ork
the h elp er is p erm itted to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tra d e: In som e
tra d e s the h elper is con fin ed to su pplyin g , liftin g , and h oldin g m a te r ia ls and
t o o ls , and cleaning w orking a r e a s ; and in o th ers he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m achine o p era tion s, o r p a rts o f a trad e that are a lso p e r fo r m e d
by w o rk e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e cia lize s in operating one o r m o r e than one type o f m ach in e
to o l (e .g ., jig b o r e r , grinding m a ch in e , engine la th e, m illin g m a ch in e) to
m ach in e m etal for use in m aking o r m ain taining j i g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u ges, o r m etal dies o r m old s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m eta l or
n on m eta llic m a teria l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : Planning and p e r fo rm in g d ifficu lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w hich
re q u ire com p lica ted setups or a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m a ch in e
t o o l or tools (e .g ., in stall cutting to o ls and adjust g u id e s, s to p s , w ork in g
ta b le s , and oth er co n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed;
determ in e p rop er fe e d s , sp e e d s, to o lin g , and op e ra tio n seq u en ce o r s e le c t
th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d raw in gs, b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m easu ring in stru m en ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm ents during
m a ch in in g operation to ach ieve r e q u is ite d im en sion s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M ay be re q u ire d to s e le ct p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils ,
to r e co g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w ork o f a m a ch in e -to o l op era tor (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in
th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ire s ex ten siv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c tic e usually acqu ired th rou g h c o n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F or c r o s s -in d u s tr y wage study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not
in clu de m a ch in e -to o l o p e r a to rs (to o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
sh ops.
T O O L AND DIE MAKER
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g es, or
m etal d ies or m old s used in shaping o r fo r m in g m eta l o r n on m e ta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s te r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
Planning and laying o u tw o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, or
oth er w ritten or o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u nderstan din g the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
com m on m etals and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , t o o l s , and

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k s ; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m ach in e to o ls and rela ted equ ipm ent; using
v a r io u s t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts;
w ork in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h ea t-trea tin g m eta l parts and fin ish ed to o ls
and d ies to a ch iev e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s; fitting and a ssem b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n ce s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's
w ork r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g in m a ch in e -sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e
u su ally a cq u ire d th rou g h fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equivalent train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

P e r fo r m s c le r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta sk s in con n ection with shipping
good s o f the estab lish m en t in w hich em p loy ed and r e ce iv in g in com in g
sh ip m en ts. In p e r fo rm in g d a y -to -d a y , routine ta s k s , fo llo w s estab lish ed
g u id elin es. In handling unusual n onroutin e p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific guid­
ance fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r oth er o ffic ia ls .
M ay d ir e c t and coordin a te the
a c tiv itie s o f oth er w o rk e r s en gaged in handling goods to be shipped or being
r e c e iv e d .

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s , this c la s s ific a tio n does not
in clu d e t o o l and die m a k e rs w ho (1) are em p loyed in t o o l and die job bin g
shops o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ies (die s in k e r s).
ST A T IO N A R Y EN GIN EER
O p era tes and m a in tain s and m ay a lso su p erv ise the op era tion o f
sta tion a ry en gin es and equ ipm ent (m ech a n ica l or e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
esta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith pow er,- heat, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r a i r co n d ition in g . W ork in v o lv e s : O peratin g and m aintaining equipm ent such as
ste a m e n g in e s , air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o t o r s ,, tu r b in e s , ventilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, stea m b o ile r s and b o i le r -fe d w ater pu m ps;
m aking equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d o f op era tion o f m a ch in e ry ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion . May a lso su p erv ise th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lish m en ts em p loyin g m o re than one en gin eer
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R TEN D E R
F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o i le r s to fu rn ish the estab lish m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r steam . F eed s fu els to fir e by hand or
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u rn er; and ch eck s w ater and
sa fety v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

Material Movement and Custodial
TR U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a tr u c k w ithin a city or in d u stria l a r e a to tra n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, or w o rk e r s betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f
e sta b lis h m e n ts su ch as:
M an ufacturin g plaints, freigh t d ep ots, w a r e h o u se s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , or betw een r e ta il esta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a lso load o r unload tru ck
w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m ech a n ica l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in
g oo d w ork in g o r d e r . S a le s ro u te and o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s are e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s are c la s s ifie d by type and
r a te d ca p a city o f t r u c k , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k d r iv e r , light tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u c k , under 1 V2 to n s , usually 4 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m tr u ck
(stra ig h t t r u c k , IV2 to 4 ton s in c lu s iv e , usually 6 w h e e ls)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tr u ck
(stra ig h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , usu ally 10 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a il e r




Sh ippers ty p ic a lly are r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the follow in g:
V e r ify in g that o r d e r s are a c c u r a te ly fille d by com p a rin g item s and quantities
o f g oods gath ered fo r shipm ent against docu m en ts; in su rin g that shipm ents
are p r o p e r ly p a ck ag ed , id en tified with shipping in fo rm a tio n , and loaded into
tra n sp ortin g v e h ic le s ; p rep a rin g and keeping r e c o r d s o f g oods shipped, e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f ladin g.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly are r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the follow in g:
V e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in com in g shipm ents by com pa rin g item s and
quantities unloaded against b ills o f la din g, in v o ic e s , m a n ife sts , stora ge
r e c e ip t s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eckin g fo r dam aged g o o d s; in su ring that
good s are a p p rop ria tely id e n tifie d fo r routing to departm ents within the
esta b lish m en t; p rep a rin g and keepin g r e c o r d s o f goods r e c e iv e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o rk e r s are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Shipper and r e c e iv e r
W AREHOUSEMAN
As d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w areh ou sin g duties w hich req u ire
an understanding o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's stora g e pla n . W ork in volves m ost
o f the follow in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (or m e r c h a n d ise ) against re ce iv in g
d ocu m en ts, noting and re p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obv iou s dam ages; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d sto ra g e lo c a tio n s ; sto rin g , stack in g, or p alletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d stora g e m eth od s; rea rra n g in g and
taking in ven tory o f s to r e d m a te r ia ls ; exam ining sto re d m a teria ls and r e ­
portin g d e te rio r a tio n and dam age; r em ov in g m a te r ia l fr o m stora ge and
p rep a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M ay op era te hand o r pow er tru ck s in p erform in g
w areh ou sin g du ties.
E xclu de w o r k e r s w hose p r im a ry duties in volve shipping and r e ­
ceiv in g w ork (see Shipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(se e O rd e r F il le r ) , o r operatin g p ow er tru ck s (se e P o w e r -T r u c k O p era tor).

O RDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed g oods fr o m stored
m e rch a n d ise in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e cifica tio n s on sa le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ctio n s.
M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in ­
dicatin g item s fille d o r om itted , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , req u isition
additional stock o r r e p o r t sh ort su pp lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m other
re la te d duties.

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

GU A R D— C ontinue d

P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p ro d u cts fo r sh ipm ent or sto ra g e by p la cin g them
in shipping co n ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent
upon the ty p e, s iz e , and num ber o f units to b e p a ck ed , the type o f con tain er
em p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm ent. W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f item s in
shipping con ta in ers and m ay in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a riou s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c tio n o f a p p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f con ta in er; in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in con ta in er; using e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a te r ia l to preven t b rea k a g e o r dam age; c lo s in g and sea lin g
con ta in er; and applying la b e ls o r en terin g id en tifyin g data on con ta in er.
P a c k e r s who a lso m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c ra te s are e x c lu d e d .

foot o r by m otor v e h ic le , or e s c o r tin g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e rty . M ay be depu tized
to m ake a r r e s ts .
May also help v is it o r s and c u s to m e r s by an sw erin g
q u estion s and giving d ir e c tio n s.

M A T E R IA L HANDLING LAB O R ER
A w o rk e r em p loy ed in a w a r e h o u se , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , or
oth er esta b lish m en t w h ose duties in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
Loading and unloading v a rio u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d ise on o r fr o m freig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r other tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g, o r pla cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp ortin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e rch a n d ise by han dtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload sh ip s, are e x clu d e d .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a m anually c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c to r to tr a n sp o rt good s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u se ,
m anu factu ring plant, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s are c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r tr u ck , as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e ra to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a to r (oth er than fo r k lift)
GUARD
P r o te c ts p r o p e rty fr o m theft o r d a m age, o r p e r so n s fr o m h aza rds
or in te r fe r e n c e . D uties in v olv e s e r v in g at a fix ed p o s t, m aking rounds on




Guards em p loyed by e sta b lish m en ts w h ich p ro v id e p r o te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a con tra ct b a sis are in clu d ed in th is o ccu p a tion .
F or wage study p u rp o s e s , guards a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C lass A . E n fo rce s re g u la tion s d es ig n e d to p reven t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r ity . E x e r c is e s judgm ent and u ses d is c r e tio n in dealin g with e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and se c u rity v iola tion s e n cou n tered .
D eterm in es w hether fir s t
r e s p o n s e should be to in terven e d ir e c tly (askin g fo r a s s is ta n c e when d eem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llow s), to k eep situ ation under s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p ort situation so that it can be handled by a p p rop ria te au th ority.
D uties
r e q u ire sp e cia liz e d trainin g in m ethod s and tech n iq u es o f p r o te ctin g s e c u rity
a r e a s . C om m on ly, the guard is r e q u ir e d to d em on stra te continuing p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s and p r o fic ie n c y with fir e a r m s o r oth er s p e c ia l w eap on s.
C lass B . C a rr ie s out in stru ctio n s p r im a r ily o r ie n te d t o w a r d
in su rin g that e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la tio n s are r e a d ily d is c o v ­
e r e d and re p o rte d to ap p rop ria te au th ority. In terv en es d ir e c tly on ly in
situ ations w hich re q u ire m in im al action to sa feg u a rd p r o p e rty or p e r s o n s .
D uties req u ire m in im al tra in in g .
C om m on ly , the guard is not r e q u ire d
to dem on strate p h y sica l fitn e s s .
M ay be a r m e d , but g e n e ra lly is not
r e q u ir e d to dem onstrate p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f fir e a r m s or s p e c ia l
w e a p o n s.
JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR CLE AN E R
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g a rea s and
w a s h r o o m s , or p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , apartm ent h o u se , o r c o m m e r c ia l or
oth er establish m en t. Duties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping,
m oppin g or scru b b in g, and p olish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er
r e fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m e ta l fix tu re s or
tr im m in g s ; p rovidin g su pplies and m in or m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g
la v a to r ie s , sh o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow
w ashing are e x clu d ed .

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t b u lletin s a v a ila b le is p resen ted below . B u lletin s
m a y be p u rc h a s e d fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the ba ck
c o v e r , o r ’ fr o m the S u p erin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g
O ffic e , W ashington, D .C , 20402. M ake ch eck s payable to S uperintendent o f
D o cu m e n ts . A d ir e c t o r y o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age su rvey s, c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th rou gh 1977, is a v a ila b le on requ est.

A rea
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 _______________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y ., Sept. 1978 1_______________
Anaheim—
Santa Ana—
Garden Grove,
C alif., Oct. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1979_______________________________________
Baltim ore, Md., Aug. 1978 1 __________________________________
B illings, Mont., July 1978____________________________________
Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1978________________________________
Boston, M a ss., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 197 8 1_____________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1978_______________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1978 1________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1979________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., July 1978________________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1978__________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1978 1 __________________________________
Corpus Christi, T ex., July 1978_____________________________
D a lla s-F o rt Worth, T ex ., Oct. 1978 1________________________
Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1979______
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ______________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1978 _____________________________
Denver—
Boulder, C olo., Dec. 1978___________________________
Detroit, M ich., M ar. 1979 1__________________________________
Fresno, C alif., June 1979____________________________________
Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1978 _________________________________
Gary—
Ham m ond-East Chicago, Ind., Aug. 1979 1___________
Green Bay, W is., July 1978 1 _________________________________
Greensboro— inston-Salem —
W
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1978_______________________________________________
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S .C ., June 1978 ___________________
Hartford, Conn., M ar. 1979___________________________________
Houston, Tex., A pr. 1979_____________________________________
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1979___________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1978 1 ________________________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1979 1__________________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1978 ________________________________
Kansas City, M o .-K a n s., Sept. 1978 _________________________
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif., Oct. 1978 1 _______________
Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 19 7 8 ______________________________
Memphis, Tenn.— rk.—M is s ., Nov. 1978 ____________________
A




B u lletin n um ber
and p r ic e *
2025-63, $ 1 .0 0
2025-58, $1 .2 0
2025-65, $1 .3 0
2050-20, $1 .3 0
2025-50, $1 .5 0
2025-38, $1 .0 0
2025-15, 80 cents
2025-43, $1 .5 0
2025-71, $1.30
2025-22, 70 cents
2025-51, $ 1 .2 0
2050-21, $ 1 .7 5
2025-39, $ 1 .1 0
2025-49, $ 1.30
2025-59, $1.50
2025-29, $ 1.00
2025-52, $1.50
2050-10, $1.00
2025-66, $ 1.00
2025-48, $1 .0 0
2025-68, $ 1 .2 0
2050-7, $1.50
2050-25, $1.50
2025-45, $1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2025-41, $1 .2 0
2025-46,
2025-30,
2050-12,
2050-15,
2050-3,
2025-57,
2050-9,
2025-67,
2025-53,
2025-61,
2025-69,
2025-62,

$1 .0 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1.10
$1.30
$1.00
$1 .5 0
$ 1.20
$1 .0 0
$1 .3 0
$1.50
$ 1.00
$ 1.00

A rea
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1978 1
_______________________________________
M ilw aukee, W is., A p r. 1979__________________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. P aul, M inn.—W is., Jan. 1979_________________
Nassaur-Suffolk, N. Y ., June 1978 1____________________________
N ew ark, N .J., Jan. 1979_______________________________________
New O rlea n s, L a., Jan. 1979 1________________________________
New Y ork, N .Y .-N .J ., M a y l 9 7 8 ! ____________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th , Va.—
P
N .C ., M ay 1979 1 _____________________________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th and
P
N ew port News—
Ham pton, Va.— .C ., M ay 19 7 8 ____________
N
N orth ea st P en n sylva n ia , Aug. 1978 ________________________
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 19 7 8 _____________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—Iowa, Oct. 19 78_______________________________
P a te rs o n — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., June 1979_________________
C
P
P h ila d elp h ia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
P ortla n d , M aine, D ec. 1978 1 _________________________________
P ortla n d , O r e g .-W a s h ., M ay 1978 ___________________________
P ou gh k eep sie, N. Y ., June 1978 1_____________________________
P ou g h k eep sie— ingston—N ewburgh, N .Y ., June 1978 1 _______
K
P r o v id e n c e —W arw ick—
Paw tucket, R. I.—
M a s s ., June 19 78_____________________________________________
R ich m on d, V a., June 1979____________________________________
St. L ou is, M o.—111., M ar. 1979 1______________________________
S a cra m en to, C a lif., D ec. 1978 _______________________________
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________________
Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1978 1 ____________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1979__________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 19 78__________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1979__________________
San J ose, C a lif., M ar. 1979___________________________________
Seattle— v erett, W ash., D ec. 19 78___________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 19 78___________________________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M ay 1979_______________________________
T ren ton , N .J., Sept. 1978 1 ___________________________________
U tica—R om e, N .Y ., July 19 78_________________________________
W ashington, D .C .— d.—V a., M ar. 1979______________________
M
W ichita, K a n s., A p r. 1979____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., A p r. 19 79_________________________________
Y ork, P a ., F eb. 1979 _________________________________________

Bulletin num ber
and p r ic e *
20 25 -60,
2050-8,
20 50 -1,
2025-33,
2050 -5,
20 50 -2,
2025-35,

$1 .3 0
$1 .3 0
$1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0

20 50 -22, $ 1 .7 5
2025-21,
2025-47,
20 25 -40,
2025-56,
20 50 -26,
2025-54,
2050-11,
2025-70,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 cents
$1 .00
$ 1.00
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1. 10
$ 1 .2 0

2025-27,
20 50-24,
20 50-13,
2025-75,
2025-64,
20 25-72,
20 50 -17,
20 25 -73,
20 50 -14,
2050-19,
20 25 -74,
20 25-44,
20 50 -16,
2025-55,
20 25 -34,
2050 -4,
20 50 -18,
20 50 -23,
20 50 -6,

$ 1 .4 0
$1 .50
$ 1 .5 0
$1 .0 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
$1 .00
$1 .0 0
$1 .1 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .50
$ 1 .0 0

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

Region 11
1
3535 Market Street,
P.0 Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone:596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N E.
Atlanta. Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI
Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102