View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

La.. 3'.
i

^«-•

n




AR EA WAGE SURVEY
,

T h e

P a t e r s o n — C l i f t o n — ifP a s s a i c , N e w

Je rse y,

M e tro p o lita n A re a , J u n e

19 71

B u lle t in 1 6 8 5 - 8 4
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S




G e o ffre y H . M o o re , C o m m issio ner

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e

P a te rs o n —C lifto n —P a ssa ic , N e w
M e tro p o lita n

Je rse y,

A re a , Ju n e

19 71

B u lle t in 1 6 8 5 - 8 4
October 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




P re fa c e

studied into one bulletin. The second presents information which has
been projected from individual metropolitan area data to relate to
geographic regions and the United States.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occupa­
tional wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed to provide data
on occupational earnings, and establishment practices and supplemen­
tary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry
division for each of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and
for the United States. A major consideration in the program is the
need for greater insight into (!) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level, and (2) the structure and level of wages
among areas and industry divisions.

Ninety areas currently are included in the program. In each
area, information on occupational earnings is collected annually and on
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions biennially.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in PatersonClifton—
Passaic, N. J ., in June 1971.
The Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through
January 1968, consists of Bergen and Passaic Counties. This study
was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in New York, N. Y .,
under the general direction of Alvin Margulis, Assistant Regional
Director for Operations.

At the end of each survey, an individual area bulletin pre­
sents the survey results.
After completion of all of the individual
area bulletins for a round of surveys, two summary bulletins are
issued.
The first brings data for each of the metropolitan areas

C o n te n ts
Page
Introduction-----------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups
T a b le s :
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied______________________________________________ _________ ______--------- ---Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and




NOTE:

Similar tabulations are available for other areas.

(See inside back cover.)

Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the PatersoraCliftorr-Passaic area are also available for corrugated and solid fiber boxes (March 1970); and paints
and varnishes (November 1970).

iii

3

C o n t e n t s ------ C o n t i n u e d
Page
Tables— Continued
A.

Occupational earnings:
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - l a . Office occupations—
large establishments—
men and women-----------------------------------------------------------------A -2 .
Professional and technical occupations—
men and women-------------------------------------------------------------------A -2 a . Professional and technical occupations—
men and women combined--------------------------------------------------A -3 .
Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined------------------------------------A -3 a . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
large establishments—
men and women combined.
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A -4 a . Maintenance and powerplant occupations—
large establishments----------------------------------------------------A -5 .
Custodial and material movement occupations--------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------A -5 a . Custodial and material movement occupations—
large establishments-------------------------------------------

Appendix.

Occupational descriptions-------------------------




6

8

10
11
12

13
14
15
16
18
21

i*

In tr o d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b asis.1

either (l) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em­
ployees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even
though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year.
Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2, are better
indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -se rie s tables, because
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New Yodc portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
State
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
performed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying

1

2

employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours;
paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans are presented (in the B -series tables) in previous bulletins for
this area.

3

T a b le 1. Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and n um ber studied in
P aterso n —C lifto n —Passaic, N J.,1 by m ajo r industry division,2 June 1971
Minimum
em ploym ent
in e sta b lish ments in scope
o f study

Industry d ivision

Number o f establishm ents

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope o f study4

Within scope
o f study3

Studied

Studied
Numbe r

P ercent

A ll establishm ents
A ll d ivision s__________ ______________________

_

1,256

190

220,820

100

90,964

Manufacturing-----------------------------------------------------N onmanufactur ing_______________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 5 _____________________
W holesale trade 6 ------------------------------------------R etail trade
_ 1
_ -----------------------------------------F inance, insurance, and rea l estate 6 ______
S erv ices 6 7------------------------------------ ---------------

50
-

782
474

97
93

133,894
86,926

61
39

50,315
4 0,649

50
50
50
50
50

73
130
139
35
97

20
17
25
9
22

18,720
14,376
32,254
10,158
11,418

8
6
15
5
5

11, 737
3, 770
17, 136
3, 729
4 ,2 7 7

L arge establishm ents
A ll d ivision s________________________________

-

59

42

77, 338

100

6 5,698

Manufacturing___________________________________
N onm anufactur ing_______________________________
T ransportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 _____________________
W holesale trade 6 __ ________________________
R etail trade b _________________________________
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate 6 ______
S erv ices 6 7__________________________________

500
-

29
30

21
21

43,4 58
33,880

56
44

37,715
27,983

500
500
500
500
500

4
5
13
7
1

4
3
10
3
1

8,464
3, 182
15,713
5,421
1, 100

11
4
20
7
2

8,464
1,862
14,163
2, 394
1, 100

1 The Paterson—
Clifton— a ss a ic Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A re a , as defined by the Bureau o f the Budget through January 1968, con sists
P
of B ergen and P a ss a ic C ounties. The "w o rk e rs within scop e of study" estim ates shown in this table p rov id e a reasonably accu ra te d escrip tion of the
s iz e and com p osition o f the la bor fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates a re not intended, how ever, to s e rv e as a b a sis o f com p a rison with
other em ploym ent indexes fo r the area to m easure em ploym ent trends o r levels sin ce (1) planning o f wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent
data com p iled con sid era b ly in advance of the p a y ro ll p e rio d studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded fro m the scop e of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a rea ) of com panies in such
industries as tra d e, finance, auto rep a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion picture theaters a re con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w ork ers in all establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the a rea ) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "p u b lic u tilitie s" in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s. T axicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is rep resen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tab les. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the follow ing rea son s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to p rovid e enough, data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to p erm it separate p resentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient o r inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ss ib ility of d isc lo s u re of individual establishm ent data.
7 H otels and m otels ; laundries and other p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; busin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion pictu res;
nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religiou s and charitable organ ization s); and engineering and arch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .




firm s.

Over th ree-fifth s o f the w ork ers within scope of the survey in the P aterson—
Clifton— a ss a ic area w ere em ployed in m anufacturing
P
The follow ing presents the m a jo r industry groups and s p e c ific industries as a percen t of a ll manufacturing:
Industry groups

S p e cific industries

C hem icals and allied p ro d u c ts _____________________
11
Instrum ents and related p ro d u c ts ________________________ 11
T ransportation equipm ent________
9
F abricated m etal p ro d u c ts ______________________________ 8
T extile m ill p ro d u c ts ____________________________________ 8
A pparel and other textile products______________________ 7
E le c tr ic a l equipment and su p p lies______________________ 7
F ood and kindred p r o d u c ts _____________________- ________ 7
Rubber and p la stics p rod ucts____________________________ 7
M achinery, except electrica l____________________________ 6
Paper and allied p ro d u c ts _______________________________ 6
Printing and publishing__________________________________ 6

E ngineering and scie n tific instrum ents__________________ 8
A ir cra ft and p a r t s _________________________________________ 4
M iscellaneou s p la stics products—
_______
4
M otor veh icles and equipment____________________________ 4
Soap, cle a n e rs , and to ile t g o o d s __________________________4

This inform ation is based on estim ates o f total em ploym ent d erived fro m un iverse m ateria ls com p iled p r io r to actual survey.
P rop ortion s in variou s industry d ivision s m ay d iffe r fro m p rop ortions based on the resu lts of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e

T re n d s

fo r

S e le c te d

O c c u p a tio n a l

G ro u p s

sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e .
The in d e x is the p r o d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (10 0) b y the r e la t iv e f o r the n ext s u c ce e d in g
y e a r and con tin u in g to m u ltip ly (co m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a re in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g es at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g es d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b tra ctin g 100 fr o m the in d ex y ie ld s
the p e r ce n ta g e ch an ge in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the date o f
the in d e x .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e o r in c r e a s e r e la t e to w age
ch a n g e s b etw een the in d ic a te d d a te s .
Annual r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
show n, r e fle c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m on th s w hen the tim e
p e r io d betw een s u r v e y s w as oth e r than 12 m o n th s. T h e s e co m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a se d on the a s su m p tio n that w a g es in c r e a s e d at a co n s ta n t rate
betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t im a te s a re m e a s u r e s o f ch a n ge in a v e r ­
ag es f o r the a re a ; th ey a re not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay
ch a n g es in the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tr e n d s r e la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r the n o r m a l w ork w eek ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s a re b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a tion s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin
e a c h g ro u p .
L im ita tio n s o f D ata

M eth od o f C om putin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a re in flu e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age c h a n g e s , (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d b y in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v e ra g e
w ag es due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l w age c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e iv a b le
that ev en though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gav e w age i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g es m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a o r expan ded th e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ag es
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n s ta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

E a ch o f the fo llo w in g k ey o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c cu p a tio n a l
g ro u p w as a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p :
Office clerical (m en and women): O ffice clerical (m en and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Clerks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls

The
p lie d b y the
in the g ro u p
w e r e r e la te d
gate fo r the

The u s e o f co n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d e d in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e r e f le c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e pay f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
ch a n g e s in sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .
W h ere n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d
b y ch a n g es in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

a v e ra g e (m ea n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt i­
o c cu p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the p r o d u c ts f o r a ll o c cu p a tio n s
w e r e to ta le d .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s
by d iv id in g the a g g re g a te f o r the la te r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a r lie r y e a r .
The r e su lta n t r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t,




A

T a b le 2 .

Ind exes o f s t a n d a r d w e e kly s a laries and s traig h t-tim e hourly earn ing s fo r selected occupational groups in

P aterso n —C lifto n —Passaic, N J ., June 1 9 7 0 and June 1971, and percents of increase fo r selected periods
A ll industries
P eriod

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(men and
wom en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

Skilled
m aintenance
trades
(men)

Manufacturing
U nskilled
plant
w ork ers
(men)

O ffice
cle r ic a l
(men and
wom en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

Skilled
m aintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

124.3
136.9

117.2
126.7

120.8
129.0

120.7
165.2

122.6
155.4

123.0
158.8

Indexes (M ay 1967=100)
June 1970______________________________ ________
June 1971-------------- -------------------------------------------

117.3
124.7

124.3
136.9

119.1
129.7

1 116.1
128.1

116.8
123.1

Indexes (M ay 1961=100)
May 1967________________________________________
June 1971--------------------------------------------------------------

121.4
151.3

121.3
166.0

123.4
160.0

125.8
161.0

122.4
150.8

P e rce n ts of in crease
May 1960 to May 1961----------------------------------------May 1961 to May 1962__________________________
May 1962 to May 1963___________
___________
May 1963 to May 1964---------------- ------- — — .
May 1964 to May 1965----------------------------------------May 1965 to May 1966__________________________
May 1966 to May 1967----------------------------------------May 1967 to May 1968__________________________
May 1968 to May 1969__________________________
May 1969 to June 1970:
13-m onth in crease___________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e _____________________

2.4
3.9
2.7
3.0
3.2
2.8
4.0
4.6
5.9

5.3
5.1
5.8
1.4
3.2
2.6
1.7
6.3
7.9

3.9
4.1
2.2
3.8
3.4
4.4
3.5
5.9
6.4

6.4
3.7
5.0
1.3
2.8
6.0
4.6
3.2
5.8

2.0
5.6
2.9
2.6
3.1
2.6
3.7
3.6
6.1

5.3
5.1
6.3
3.6
2.2
2.1
0
7.1
7.8

3.8
4.0
2.5
3.3
3.5
4.1
3.4
5.4
6.5

5.3
4.7
2.4
1.9
3.3
5.1
3.8
6.3
5.5

5.9
5.4

8.4
7.7

5.7
5.3

*6.3
*5.8

6.3
5.8

7.6
7.0

4.4
4.1

7.8
7.2

June 1970 to June 1971_________________________

6.3

10.1

8.9

10.3

5.4

10.1

8.1

6.8




1 R evised estim ate.

NOTE: M ost p re v io u sly published indexes fo r the P a te rso n -C lifto n — a ssa ic area used May 1961
P
as the base p eriod . They can be con verted to the new b ase p eriod b y dividing them by the c o r r e s ­
ponding index num bers fo r May 1967 on the May 1961 base p eriod as shown in the table. (The result
should be m ultiplied b y 100.)

6

A.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on

area basis by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J. , June 1971)
P

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%

weekly
(standard]

M “ "2

M edian2

Middle range2

60
and
under
65

1

*

%

S

t

$

S

t

$

S

S

*

»

t

$

$

i

65

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

9
8

8
1

18
18

7
6

19
15

12
7

11
4

5

2
2

1
1

1----- i---

3
3

220

230

23 0

240

2

1

MEN
A C C O U N T IN G ,

CLASS

A

--------

CLERKS,

A C C O U N T IN G ,

CLASS

B

C LERKS,

ORDER

CLERKS,

109

$
$
$
$
38.0 158.00 153.00 13 3.00-174.00
30.3
152.00

-

--------

58

38.5 144.00 129.00 104.00-192.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

7

7

6

3

2

-

-

-

-

23

-------------------------

64

38.0 146.50 124.50 11 9.00-191.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

16

16

6

1

-

1

1

4

6

5

--------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N ON M A N U F A CT U R IN G -----------------

116
51
65

96.00
36.5
37.5
90.50
35.5 100.50

-

-

-

-

“

3
1
2

22
12
10

18
11
7

38
17
21

20
9
11

_
-

10
10

4
4

1
1

-

-

—

-

-

102
55

38.5 106.50 103.00 100.00-114.00
38.5 106.00 102.50 100.50-105.00

12
12

12

48
34

14

”

-

9
9

*

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

115
86

3

3
“

39
20

11
11

20
17

30
30

1
“

8
8

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A CT U R IN G -----------------------------------------

14
6
8

31
21
10

63
25
38

14
14

41
22
19

23
8
15

*

59
25
34

81
56
25

89
62
27

55
35
20

10
9
1

5
3
2

4
4
-

2
1
1

6
6
-

3
3
-

2
2
2

4
3
1
1

5
5
5

9
9
9

—
—
-

4
2
2

-

-

~

-

O F F IC E

BOYS

93.00
90.50
97.00

86 .0 0- 10 4. 00
85.00- 94.50
88 .0 0- 10 9. 50

-

-

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , M A C H IN E ( B I L L I N G
M A CH IN E I -----------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

C LERKS,

A C C O U N T IN G ,

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-----------------

CLASS

A -------------------

-----------------------------------------

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------- --P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE S

-----------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

37.0 119.50 121.50 10 7.00-132.00
36.5 125.00 128.00 11 6.00-133.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

193
82
111

37.5 108.00 105.50
98 .5 0-123.50
37.5 107.50 104.00
94.00-126.00
37.0 108.00 107.50 10 0.50-122.00

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

392
220
172

38.0 136.00 137.50 125.50-148.00

_

_

_

1

-

2

7

22

37.5 127.00 128.00 114.50-146.00

“

-

-

1

*

2

7

22

46
16
30

891
424
467
200

37.0
37.0
37.0
36.0

106.00
105.50
106.00
110.50

104.00
104.50
103.50
103.00

94 .5 0-115.00
94.50-115.00
95.00- 11 5. 00
97.50- 11 3. 00

-

1

-

-

1

2
1
1

-

“

94
46
48
12

7
2
5

-

19
1
18
12

186
96
90
44

289
139
150
78

141
62
79
17

74
38
36
4

36
19
17
16

19
14
5
*

38.0
37.5

88.00
86.50

88.00
87.00

81.00- 93.50
80 .0 0- 92.00

_

1
1

1
1

60
60

37
37

67
61

75
71

27
8

7
7

1
-

1
-

1

83.50
90.50
81.00

77
2
75

82
10
72

47
21
26

67
4
63

76
10
66

105
51
54

47
23
24

17
10
7

61
12

64
45

59
16

46
24

45
33

38
29

17
7

17
6

-

1

6
6

7

CLASS

B -----------------------------------

N ON M A N U F A CT U R IN G

-----------------------------------------

278
246

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON M A N UFA CTU RIN G -----------------------------------------

532
131
401

38.0
36.5
38.5

83.50
94.50
81.00

72.50- 93.50
80.00-100.50
71.00- 89.00

14

C L E R K S , O R D E R ---------------*----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

524
172

36.5
94.00
87.00
37.0 105.50 105.00

77.0 0- 10 7. 50
88.50-120.00

-

26

71

80

-

-

-

-

C LERKS,

176
132

37.0 119.50 126.00 10 8.50-134.00
37.0 122.50 128.00 11 4. 50 -1 34 .5 0

-

_

-

-------------------------------------------------

-

-

3
3

4
1

1
1

16
5

22
12

25
21

39
34

42
38

24
17

COMPTOMETER O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------N ON M A N U F A CT U R IN G -----------------------------------------

176
155

36.5 113.00 113.00 102.00-126.00
36.5 113.50 114.00 101.00-126.50

-

9
9

28
28

40
27

39
37

30
24

20
20

7
7

3
3

KEYPUNCH

641
303
338

37.5 119.00 117.00 10 7.50-134.50
37.5 116.50 114.00 10 6.50-127.50
37.5 121.00 121.50 110.00-136.50

11
11

42
12
30

146
92
54

159
83
76

107
50
57

79
3
76

89
47
42

4
3
1

_

C LERKS,

F IL E ,

PAYROLL

----------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

O PERATORS,

CLASS

A

------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON M A N UFA CTU RIN G -----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables




-

14

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

*

-

-

*

2

7

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

T a b le A -1 .

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J. , June 1971)
W e (sta n d a rd )D8S 1

N u m b er

T

0

„

....

o c cu p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

$

$

h o u rs 1

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

(stan d a rd )

and

-

C0NTINUE0

$

8

$

65
_

s

70

$

75

_

00

$

$

70

75

80

85

90

37.5

101.00

99.50

88.50-113.50

10

18

18

34

37.0
37.5
36.0

105.00
100.00
94.00

107.00
98.00
96.50

90.50-120.00
88.00-110.50
80.00-101.50

10
-

18

7
11
-

10
24
12

36.5

88.50

89.00

77.00-

6

6

1

-

6

G I R L S ------------------------------------

65

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

2,724
1,635

37.5 136.50
38.0 137.00

136.00
136.50

122.00-149.00
123.00-149.50

-

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

1,089
72

37.0 135.00
37.5 144.50

135.50
144.00

120.00-148.00
126.50-159.00

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

208
136

37.5 162.50
37.5 164.50

163.00
168.00

152.00-178.00
155.50-176.00

_

_

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

72

37.5

157.50

134.00-194.50

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

661
390
271

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

724
463
261
39

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------STENOGRAPHERS,

159.50

99.50

37.5 145.50 146.00
133.50-157.50
38.0 147.00 147.50 138.50-157.50
37.0 143.50 142.00
128.50-158.50
38.0 138.00
38.5 138.50
37.5 137.00
37.5 148.00

139.00
139.00
139.00
148.50

160

170

$
180

$

$

$

$

190

200

210

220

230

__

—

__

—

_

180

190
_

_

120

130

140

150

140

86

68

9

5

20
133
21

42
98
15

21
65
4

27
41
2

4
5

2
3

7

7

78
24

133
79

391
227

461
291

3

54

54
3

164

170
14

4
-

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

3
3

-

-

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

3

2

-

-

-

3
-

7
-

12
4

_

_

3

_
-

-

13
5
8

-

-

6

7

-

8

-

1

-

200

210

3

2

2
1

8

220

230

240

-

498
311

515
306

297
196

139

187
11

209
10

101
12

53
1

5

10
7

-

-

12

55

1

45

-

-

-

-

-

42
26

11
4

23
3

12
5

2
-

-

16

7

20
1

7
-

2
-

-

11
-

2

4

6

18

7

3

48

18
18

43
5

-

7
3
4

37
17
20

93
36
57

99
52
47

163
128
35

134
92
42

64
44
20

44
15
29

86
57
29
1

139
89
50
7

132
89
43
4

190
118
72

78
57
21
10

38
28
10
-

15
12
3
-

37.5
37.5

124.50
124.00

125.50
124.50

115.50-137.00
115.50-135.50

-

-

-

1
-

-

4
4

68

116
75

255
148

224
166

256
163

148
59

28
2

17
2

125.50

128.00

115.50-141.00

-

-

-

1

-

-

44

41

107

58

93

89

26

15

113.00

109.50

100.50-125.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

4

10
2

3
1

8

8
4

1

-

2
2

3
3
-

3
5
1

2
2

-

1

-

-

3

37.5

1

6
8

6

24

37.0

8
6

11

14

9

-

-

41

12

10

-

-

114
73

86

11

3

44
-

-

5

10

3
9
.

-

1

_
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

6

12

477

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

97
64

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

100
81

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

638
366

38.0
38.0

104.50
103.00

104.00
104.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

272
44

37.5
38.5

106.50
112.00

104.00 101.00-116.00
115.50 103.00-123.00

37.5

106.50

83
264
126
138

-----------------------------

1,123

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

367
756
46




_

5
170

1,123
646

487
245
242

See footnotes at end of tables.

__

153

-

-

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS,
S E N I O R --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

B

o f—

5

160

__

17

1

_

-

-

102
114
45

CLASS

e a r n in g s

$
150

110

4

1
-

-

125.00-148.00
126.00-148.50
123.00-147.00
135.00-158.00

216

TYPISTS,

9

-

-

G E N E R A L --------------------

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

w e e k ly

5

140

100

66
6

6

8
-

-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -------------------------------------------

5

130

10

12
30

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

$
120

76

42

162
526
72

OFFICE

s tr a ig h t-tim e

5
110

$

688

CLASS

r e c e iv in g

5
100
_

-----------

OPERATORS,

5
90

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

KEYPUNCH

o f w o rk e rs

1
5
85

u n d er

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6 5
WOMEN

$

60

A v era g e
w e e k ly

w orkers

S e x ,

N u m b er
of

37.5 115.50 114.00 102.50-131.00
37.0 111.00 106.50
98.00-118.00
37.5 125.50 117.00 105.50-155.00
38.0
38.5
38.0

121.00
122.50
119.00

119.00
121.00
117.50

110.00-130.00
111.50-131.00
108.50-128.50

119.00
112.50

113.50
108.00

99.00-133.00
98.00-121.00

-

38.0 105.50 103.00
38.0 101.50
98.00

90.00-124.00
88.00-115.00

-

38.0
38.0

106.50

96.50-112.50
94.00-111.00

97.50-120.50

38.0 111.50 110.00 102.50-122.00
38.5 112.00 109.00 102.50-125.00
38.0 111.00 110.50 102.50-121.00
38.0

96.00

-

-

-

3

3
3

-

3
3

23
36
10

5
35
10
25

-

6
-

81
42
39

37

20

17
20
11
139
63
76

103
63
40

5

15

1

3
1

29
25

14
10

15
13

21
20

8
8

17
13

15
15

2
70
40
30

12
6

12
7
5

10

10

6

15

12
3

14
3

11
10

5

17

17

-

-

3

59

17
21

6

-

-

38

3
-

-

-

-

3

10

-

-

10

-

1

6
7
-

-

-

42
28

9
-

129
116

231
115

142
82

11
1

22
7

25
4

6

14

9

13

116

60
19

10
5

15

21
3

2

-

6
-

-

6

-

1

-

97.50

89.00-105.50

1

3

49

38.0
99.00
101.50
37.5
94.50
95.50
38.5 105.50 107.50

92.50-109.00
88.00-102.50
85.00-125.50

1
-

3
-

43
6

6

1

-

4

22

6
2
4

-

3

-

-

-

21

14

36
15
21

92
50
42

57
22
35

22
41
14
27

4

-

-

21
23
5

-

51

85

108

373

285

125

34

31
54

25
83

99
274

120
165

59

66

16
18
3

9
9i

6

l

-

-

-

-

2

3

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

2

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

3
3

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

11
40
-

5

8
-

1
1

5

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

14
9
5

6

5

-

-

-

17

4

-

2
2

11

2

-

3

6

1

5

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

T a b le A -1 a .

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —la rge e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore
by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
(
standard)
Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings oi
%

S

i

60

$

t

M ean 2

Median ^

Middle range2

S

t

S

$

t

*

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

65

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

18

*

t

*

$

S

»

$

*

t

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

9

11

2

2

1

3

12

-

23

-

-

-

and
under

MEN
CLERKS.

A C C O U N T IN G ,

CLASS

A -------------------

65

$
$
$
$
37.5 16 9. 50 165.00 14 5.50-202.50

CLERKS,

A C C O U N T IN G ,

CLASS

B ------------------

51

38.5 150.50 140.00 11 2.50-192.50

---------------------------

82

36.5

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A CT U R IN G -----------------------------------------

186
120
66

37.5 138.50 135.00 12 5.50-151.00
38.0 148.50 142.00 132.50-159.00
36.5 121.00 121.00 10 9.50-133.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A CT U R IN G -----------------------------------------

433
183
250

37.5 111.00 107.00 100.00-118.50
38.0 114.00 111.00 104.00-123.50
97.5 0- 11 3. 50
37.0 109.00 104.00

M E S SE N G E R S

tn F F fC E

BOYSI

95.00

89.50

84 .0 0-100.50

3

“

2

3

2

8

7

3

-

4

6

7

6

3

2

-

12

7

5

10

4

I

-

-

“

*

NOMEN

5

1

11

28
17
11

47
34
13

28
22
6

19
18
1

9
9
*

5
3
2

4
4
-

6
6

2
2

11

19
3
16

1
1

1
47
13
34

155
64
91

75
36
39

38
32
6

33
17
16

4
4
“

3
3
-

2
2

4
3
1

5
5

9
9

-

-

1

1

1

-

•
-

~

-

-

“

*

“

“

-

5

-

-

-

*

1
1
-

7
1
6

20
1
19

7
2
5

23
6
17

■

B -----------------------------------

51

36.0

88.00

86.50

83.00- 89.50

-

-

-

-

21

19

7

-

1

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

162
60

38.0
36.0

78.00
85.00

76.50
84.50

71.00- 83.00
76.00- 96.00

8
*

25
2

38
10

37
15

22
*

8
6

7
6

12
12

3
3

94.50

_
-

2
2

95.00

1
1
“

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

86

38.5

82.5 0- 10 6. 00

-

2

5

8

13

5

12

9

11

17

3

1

----------------------------------------------------

71

37.0 114.00 118.00 100.00-137.00

-

-

-

3

4

1

9

1

12

10

10

7

14

COMPTOM ETER O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

164
155

36.5 113.50 114.50 10 2. 00 -1 27 .0 0
36.5 113.50 114.00 101.00-126.50

-

-

9
9

7
7

21
21

28
27

39
37

30
24

20
20

7
7

3
3

-

-

KEYPU N CH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------

353
166
187

37.5 122.50 122.00 10 8.50-139.50
37.5 119.50 116.00 105.00-141.50
38.0 125.50 130.50 11 3.50-138.50

-

11
11
~

4
4

28
8
20

54
40
14

74
37
37

33
11
22

66
3
63

76
47
29

4
3
1

3
2
1

-

-

“

277
95
182

37.0 106.00 103.00
36.5 105.50 104.50
37.5 106.00 102.50

C LERKS,

OROER

CLERKS,

PAYROLL

----------------------------------------------------------

N ON M A N U F A CT U R IN G

-----------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------S E C R E T A R IE S

---------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

--------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A CT U R IN G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------------S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

A ---------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A CT U R IN G
S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

----------------------------------------C

---------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U F A CT U RIN G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A CT U R IN G

-----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




1,526
1,098
428
29

37.5
38.0
36.5
36.0

134.50
136.00
130.50
149.00

133.00
134.50
130.50
147.50

-

-

-

_
-

*

-

-

7
7

17
10
7

15
7
8

32
6
26

21
7
14

30
4
26

53
15
38

36
11
25

33
15
18

8
4
4

5
2
3

10
3
7

8
2
6

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

4
4
-

25
10
15

23
14
9

115
79
36
1

242
180
62
1

266
176
90
7

270
190
80
4

237
171
66
3

147
112
35
3

97
83
14
1

49
41
8
2

34
26
8
4

6
4
2
2

5
3
2
1

6
5
1
-

-

3

-

-

2

1

12
1

10
7

15
12

26
21

18
18

3
3

3
2

“

-

8

51
22
29

73
52
21

66
51
15

53
44
9

11
9
2

10
6
4

“

*

-

66
54
12

25
25
-

8
8
—
-

6
2
4
4

3

5

3

1
2
2

3

3

2
1

—
-

2
2

3

3

_
—

“

_
*

'-

-

-

90.00-119.00
85.00-122.00
91 .5 0- 11 5. 00

-

-

“

-

119.00-147.50
119.50-150.00
118.00-144.00
12 4.50-180.00

_

-

-

_

—
“

“

-

*

37.5 166.50 172.50 157.00-180.50
38.0 175.00 176.50 16 5.50-182.50

299
191
108

37.5 148.00 149.00 138.00-160.00
38.5 152.50 154.00 14 3.50-162.50
36.5 139.50 139.50 13 0.00-152.00

469
362
107
25

38.0
38.0
37.0
36.5

12 6.00-150.00
12 7.50-151.00
12 1.50-145.00
12 4.00-187.00

-

657
481
176

37.5 120.50 120.00 111.50-131.50
37.5 121.00 120.00 11 2.00-132.00
36.5 119.50 120.00 11 0.00-131.00

-

-

—

*

137.50
138.50
135.00
140.00

-

-

_

93
64

138.50
140.00
134.50
147.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

5

24
4
20

-

3

*

10
4
6
1

52
39
13
1

96
67
29
7

99
83
16
4

93
73
20
2

20
14
6

102
75
27

182
138
44

144
105
39

118
85
33

57
45
12

3

3

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*
*

-

-

-

-

-

*

4
4
“

-

22
10
12

3

3
3

3

_
-

-

•
“

9
T a b le A -1a.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more
by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of
$

Average
weekly

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
60

Middle range2
(standard)

$

$

$

$

«

>

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

3

11

and
under
65

WOMEN - C O NT IN UE D

S

$

$

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L --------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

120
93
61

37.0 112.50 106.50 1 0 0. 00 37.0 113.00 107.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 37.0 123.00 115.00 1 0 6. 50 -

119.50
119.00
155.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI OR --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

360
191
169

38.0 119.00 117.50 1 0 9 . 0 0 39.0 122.50 120.00 1 0 9. 50 37.0 115.00 115.50 1 0 9 . 0 0 -

126.50
131.50
121.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

106.50-

127.50

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CL A S S B ----

93.00-

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

127
65

37.5 109.00 105.50 1 0 0 . 0 0 38.0 112.50 111.00 1 0 2. 50 -

TYPISTS, CLASS B —
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

398
115
283

36.5
37.0
36.5

See footnotes at end of tables.




95.00
92.50
96.00

95.00
92.00
96.00

8

20

6

15

38
29

23
20

6
3

6
3

1

6

10

11

1

1

69
60
29

113
67

75
39
36

35
33

66

1
3
2

6
6

-

6
2
12
6
6

11

66
20

29

26

60

65
15
30

52

21
60
16
66

50
13
37

15

10

85
27
58

38
5
33

-

9
9

1

-

-

8

118.00
129.00

2

1

3

-

1

7

116.00

85 .5 0- 10 6. 00
83.001C2.50
87.00105.00

2
31

2

—

—
2

2
-

5
3

—

8
8

16
1

15

-

2

2
2

-

-

1
—

—

9

6
11

9

—
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

—

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

10

T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J. , June 1971)
P
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

1
*

%

90

Average
weekly
M em

*

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

$
100

*
110

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of —
$
*
t
*
$
$
S
$
*
*

t

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

t

260

1
250

*

*
260

270

*
280

and
under
100

290

and
110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

260

290 over

270

280

3

2

2

3

2

2

-

-

HEN
$

$

$

$

^60

J

5

1

8
lift
rftj

37.5 163.30

1f
t

101
65

37.0 117.00 116.00 110.50-126.50
37.0 113.00 116.00

A

32

1
1

2

8
*

1

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
260. -.0
C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL A S S B -------------------

127

30.0 23T.30

38.0 211.00 208.50 200.00 -2 29 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

3

1
10

3

9

8

_
3

2

8

“ .3
20 ?*:2

7

16
35

16

17

8

10

7

_

21

CO MP U T E R PROGRAMERS,
63

37*0 169.50 169.50

ts

3

2

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS AN ALYSTS t
38.5 3.1.30 320.00 30 1.50-363.50

2

3

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
T2

DR AFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

225
197

30«5 261.50 2''..30

K>

2

39.0 192.00 191.00 18 1. 00-208.00
39.0 196.50 196.00 18 2.50-209.00

161

*
-

2

10
8

-

39*' 166 * 00 168*00

26

71

33*' 134*00

59

36.0 120.50

91

39.0 162.00 159.50 16 6.00-180.00

45

31

58
35

32
32

63
63

5

9
9

11
11

2
2

*

-

1

-

-

-

12
12

9

3

21
21

*9

:

1
1

j

33

w

23
22

16
16

16

“

WOMEN

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

11 3.50-131.00

26
1

1

i

t6
2

ii

19

12

16

8

7

* Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at $290 to $300; 15 at $300 to $320; 12 at $320 to $340; 9 at $340 to $360; 3 at $360 to $380; and 4 at $380 to $400.
** Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $290 to $300; 4 at $300 to $320; and 6 at $360 to $380.
See footnotes at end of tables




-

-

-

-

11

T a b le A -2 a .

P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s —larg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore by industry division, Paterson-Clifton-Passaic, N. J ., June 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

Number

of

S
90

weekly
M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

*
95

$
100

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
$
S
*
t
$
$
*
*
t
*

s
105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

♦
210

*
220

*
230

$
240

and
under
95

250

and
100

105

110

115

120

2

125

130

140

150

160

2
20

170

^6

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

over

HEN
124
76
64

$
$
$
147.00 1 3 8. 00 37.5 L ,
166.50
37.5 144.50 143.50 13 4.50-161.00
37.5 114.50 114.00 1 0 8. 00 -

6

124.00

9

15

10

16

5

1

*

^6

*

i

6

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
55
95

rmnur rv i uk aih»
UKAr 1ontliy LLA* o t
. > J
65

i

210.00 205.00 192.50-231.00
39.5 202.00 204.50 1 9 0. 00 39.5 202.50 205.00 19 1. 00 -

i

216.50
217.00

i"
a

J

5

8

13

21

21

6

i

-

-.0

WOMEN
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! -----

See footnotes at end of tables,




55

39.0 163.50 161.00 14 7.00-182.50

-

-

-

i

-

1

-

2

5

8

10

7

1

-

-

-

12

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s sio n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n co m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson— Clifton— Passaic, N.J., June 1971)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
[standard! (standard)

Occupation and industry division

Average
Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

OF FICE O C CU PA TI ON S

Number
of
worker*

Occupation and industry division

OF FI CE O C C U PA TI ON S

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

- CONT IN UE D

$

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
108
61

$
39.0 105.50
39.0 105.00

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

L

38.0 137.00

367

ttCo

37*5

1*635
1,089

^46

30*5 105*50

112

3 7 .0
3 7 .5

9 9 .0 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
115

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

-----------------------------------------

208
136
72

37.5 162.50
37.5 164.50
37.5 159.50

390
271

37.0 119.50
36.5 125.00

147*00
37.0 143150

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

SECRETARIES* CLASS D
*85
in

37*5 107*50
37.0 108.00

501

38.0 141.00

204

37.0 131.50

949
447
502

37.5 108.00
37.0 106.00
37.5 110.00

301
253

38.0
37*5

89.50
87. j 0

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

69

-----------------------------------------

162.50
160.50

138.00

5

1,123
646

1^9 0(
158.00
144.00

160
116

36.5 118.00
36.5 117.00

72

38.0 238.50

149

37.5 213.00

95

37.0 214.00

53

*-» n 170 50
T7 n
3T.0 169.00
38.5 321.00

79
51

30 5 *'63 (
3 9 . 0 266.50

71

* A O A/l
37.5 148.00

37.5 124.50
37.5 124.00

216

MANUFAC T U R 1NG

1 7/
126

61

7ft 1
ZI ”
39

37.5 113.00

CO MP U T E R PR06RAMERS*
37~~0

38.0

83.50

45

38.5

81.00

504

_
i i - nn
a
37.0 113.00

251

30.0 1C0.-0

97

180
136

37 0 119 "0
37.0 122.00

38.0 119.00
112.50

176
155

36.5 113.00
36.5 113.50

646

37.5 119.00

366

38.0 103.00

343

37.5 121.00

44

38.5 1 1 2 . 0 0

162

37.0

64

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS*

38.0 121.50

inn
188

i ■ iLC f L L jj C- —"

535
403

w LLK^j

111*00
37.5 125.50

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
10K50
C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
SW ITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

io s

T oo

l?4*00

90
32

^T*n
36*0
36.0

90*50
96.00
99.50

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CL A S S C ------------------------------------------------------------------------




3 9 .0
3 9 .0

T9 O 1 a c nn
1 .50

6

57
83

36.5 103.50
-

DR AFTSMEN, CL AS S C

--------------------------------------------

106.50
111 s n

1^6
138
See footnote at end of tables.

1
37.0 1 * - - n
135.50

230
202
1nr
1 f.
ta

MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

112*00
Ifto 1 1 1 . 0 0

89
73

3 9 .0

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

--------

_
_r

70

131.50
134.00
S ftO

64

NURSES.

192.00
194.50

n

Kft

1/9 -n
1
* -n
39.5 163.50

13
T a b le A - 3 a .

O f fic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts — m e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing bO workers or more
O
by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1971)
Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE

Number
of
workers

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 eamings1
(standard) (standard)

OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE

$

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G . C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

251
168
83

37.5 146.50
38.0 156.00
36.5 128.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

484
200
284

37.5 115.50
38.0 115.00
37.0 116.00

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

$

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

- CONTINUED

1,526
1,098
428
29

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

93
64

37.5 166.50
38.0 175.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

299
191
108

37.5 148.00
38.5 152.50
36.5 139.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

469
362
107
25

38.0
38.0
37.0
36.5

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

657
481
176

37.5 120.50
37.5 121.00
36.5 119.50

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

353
3 7 . 5 1 2 2 . 5 0 S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------166 37.5 119.50
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------187
38.0 125.50
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

120
93
41

37.0 112.50
37.0 113.00
37.0 123.00

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

278
95
183

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

340
191
149

M E S S E N G E R S I0FFICE BOYSAN D GIRLS)M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

125
73
52

3 6 . 5 9 4 . O Q I a H I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ------37.0
90,40
36.0
9 4 . 5 0 S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------

59

38.0 119.00
3 9 . 0 1 2 2 . 5 0 D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A -----------------------37.0 115.00
D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------38.0 117.50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------$
37.5 101.50
N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----

FILE,

CLASS

B -----------------

51

36.0

88.00

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

163 38.0
61
36.0

78.00
85.00

C L E R K S , O R D E R -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

111 3 8 . 0
68
37.5

116.00
121.50

CLERKS,

73

P A Y R O L L -------------------------

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

See footnotes at end of tables




134.50
136.00
130.50
149.00

Occupation and industry division

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

CLERKS,

37.5
38.0
36.5
36.0

Average
Number ~
of
workers

138.50
140.00
134.50
147.00

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings *
(standard) (standard)

$

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

127
65

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

398
115
283

37.5 109.00
38.0 112.50
36.5
37.0
36.5

95.00
92.50
96.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

C L A S S A ---------

55

37.0 161.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

130
81

37.5 151.50
37.0 143.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

100
79

36.5 118.00
36.0 118.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------------

70

37.5 212.50

37.0 114.50

164 3 6 . 5
155 36.5

37.0
36.5
37.5

113.50
113.50

106.00
105.50
106.50

50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS*
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C ---------------------

65

37.0 170.50

100

39.5 202.00

73
72

40.0 163.00
40.0 163.50

57

39.0 166.00

14
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o cc u p atio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson—Clifton-Passaic, N. J., June 1971)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
«
*
t
*
S
*
$
$
t
t
$

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

Number
of

$

*

*

*

2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

Under
$
and
2*60 under

*

$

$

$

*

»

3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5 .00 5.20 5 .40 5.60

and

2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5 .20 5.40 5 .60 over

HEN
$

_

$

!

$
8

4*56
187
139

4.11

299

3 84

3*77

4.13

ito

3*33

3*56

10

22
2110

3^83- 4*49

3 75

11

11
15

29

12

4.22

8

45

53
51

24

14

14
14

.

392

4.42

4.29

21

12

46

30

84

48

4.21- 4.58

124
124

103
103

*
2

36
21

221
110

3

^8

g
35
35

12

12

18
16
37
37

23
23

8

27

51

24

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
394
374

27
11

t*71
J'

12

?*!!?

W _
4.00
4.61

4*42

4.56

X

184
3 *38
3,00

i*
417

3 *^3
3,03

2*22
3 * BO




4.36

54

304

4.62

4.59

4.23- 5.05

4.70
4*40

205
27
27

J
9

69

J
.

31

'

-

-

-

-

-

12
14

4*89

146

76

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

94
20

28
28

*7
1

2

9
9

3

26

59

9

rz

21
19

X ox
4.05- 4.B6

4*66

See footnotes at end of tables.

4 . SO
4.46

320

MA INTENANCE -----------

24

c m
5*02

66
PIPEFITTERS,

27

39

-^

15

8

rro

237

8

58

7

27
27

34

:

18
18
78

29

30

*

8

62

36

19

2

42

-

26
26

24
24

15

T a b le A - 4 a .

M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s — la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore by industry division, Patersorr-Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1971)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

---------- --------- ----------------------------- 1-------$-------i -------1-------1-------1-------$-------*-------S
-------i -------$-------T ------ f ------ 5-------S
-------i -------i ------Tf------ ¥-------5-------1-------1----_

J

J

. . ,
.

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

rT .

of

Under

workers

M ean 2

Median2

Middle ran g e2

*

3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80
and

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

and

3.30 under
______________________________________________________________________________________ 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4. 20 4 . 30 4.40 4.5 0 4.60 4. 70 4.8 0 4.90 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 under

MEN

$

$

CAR PENTERS. M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

94
72

4. 92
4. 52

$

4.57
4.51

4.43- 4.93
4.40- 4.75

ELECTRICIANS. M A I N T E N A N C E ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

292
269

4.93
4.85

4.86
4.79

4.60- 5.36
4.57- 5.14

ENGINEERS, S T A T I O N A R Y --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

88
66

4.76
4.57

4.79
4.55

4.13- 5.27
3.96- 4.98

FIREMEN, STAT IONARY B O I L E R --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

55 4.12
51 4.07

4.27
4.23

3.63- 4.54
3.61- 4.51

MACHINISTS. M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

$
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

230
230

4.59
4.59

4.54
4.54

4.414.41-

4.94
4.94

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -----------------------

155

4.90

4.84

4.65- 5.19

-

MECHANICS, M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

212 4.69
155 4.52

4.80
4.56

4.51- 5.05
4.43- 4.85

-

137 4.81
137 4.81

4.71
4.71

4.544.54-

5.34
5.34

-

-

-

2
-

-

3. 90
3.90

3.93
3.93

3.83- 4.15
3.83- 4.15

*11
11

62
58

4.57
4.53

4.43
4.43

4.09- 4.88
4.08- 4.88

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

230
224

4. 84
4.82

4.80
4.78

4.53- 5.08
4.53- 5.07

-

-

-

TOOL ANO DIE M A K E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

146
146

5.07
5.07

5.12
5.12

4.81- 5.46
4.81- 5.46

-

-

* Workers were distributed as follows:




-

7

9
9

-

7
6

7
7

4
4

1
1

3
3

2

-

-

-

7

-

-

9 at $3.10 to $3.20; and 2 at $3.20 to $3.30.

10
10

-

-

6

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

4

_

6
6

-

2
2
7
3
3

9

2

39
39

7

12
12

1
-

3
1
-

2

2

2

3
3

-

33

-

-

-

21
21

8
8

8
8

3
3

36
36

1

1

14
14

-

3
-

14
6
6
13

39
13
11
11

6
6

-

3
3
-

-

-

7

62
62

2

19
19

-

-

-

30
30
-

7
-

-

14
5

-

-

-

23

4

-

-

-

9
- 15

-

4

24
24
18

-

4

-

-

15
15

-

-

-

2

40
39

-

55
47

-

46
46

23
23

6
5

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

60
60

6
6

9
9

2
2

11
11

-

3

-

-

21
57
21157

9
9

-

59
59

- 1 1
11

57
57

50

-

-

-

54
53

9

7
9

-

-

5
5

9

8
8

53
53

9

2
6
6

1
1
10

5
2
-

-

-

3

-

-

4

8
8

-

2

5
3

-

_

-

10
10

3

2
4
4

2
2

19
19

38
38
-

-

23
23

5

1
-

-

19
19

-

-

2
2

5
6

-

4
4

7

6

-

18
13

1
-

6
-

6

12
12
-

-

6

-

5
5

17
17

1
1

1

-

-

3

4

1

-

-

-

2
2
-

4
-

6
6

10
10

-

4

8
8

-

-

10
10

-

-

7

-

12
12

-

-

4
4
4

-

6

4
-

3
3

4
4

-

See footnotes at end of tables

-

8

6

-

-

PAINTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

3

-

-

58
58

8
-

3

-

2
2

O I L E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- -------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

2

8
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

2

42
36

-

7
7

26
26

24
24

-

16
Table A-5.

Custodial and material movement occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson— Cliftorr-Passaic, N, J., June 1971)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

M “ "2

M edian2

Middle range

2

t
t
t
S
S
*
$
*
t
*
t
t
S
t
t
t
*
8
$
*
t
%
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2 .20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20
Under
and

1*80 under
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2 .30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20

HEN
GU AR DS AND WATC HM EN -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

581
246
335

$
2.81
3.16
2.55

$
2.77
3.07
2.35

$
2.082.602.05-

3.56

$
3.29
3.71
2.96

3.09-

3

21
21

-

148
148

4
4

10
10

12
6
6

15
7
8

41
29
12

52
27
25

63
18
45

49
24
25

38
13
25

39
37
2

32
29
3

-

-

29
21
8

25
14
11

“

-

-

-

10

3

19

6

37

29

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

GUARDS
115

3.56

WA TCHMEN
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

131

2.81

2.71

2.49- 3.03

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------—

1,591
1,025
566
142

3.00
3.07
2.87
3.47

2.95
3.04
2.78
3.64

2.532.572.433.35-

3.48
3.55
3.38
3.76

21
8
13
-

LABORERS, MATE RI AL H A NO LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

3, 174
1,424
1,750
901

3.47
3.12
3.76
4.37

3.39
3.17
4.09
4.48

2.812.743.054.42-

4.20
3.38
4.48
4.62

3
3

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,781
618
1, 163

3.37
3.07
3.52

3.22
3.05
3.27

3.01- 4.11
2.60- 3.43
3.09- 4.17

-

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,130
710
420

2.88
2.77
3.07

3.01
2.50
3.16

2.45- 3.21
2.42- 3.18
3.09- 3.22

-

RECE IV IN G C L ER KS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

471
262
209

3.77
3.83
3.69

3.61
3.66
3.55

3.32- 4.34
3.33- 4.35
3.31- 4.33

-

SH IPPING CLERKS ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

196
112
84

3.62
3.58
3.69

3.62
3.59
3.67

3.35- 3.85
3.34- 3.84
3.36- 4.09

SHIPPING AND RE CEIVING CL E R K S ----MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

483
251
232

3.53
3.49
3.57

3.55
3.47
3.72

3.18- 3.86
3.32- 3.87
3.16- 3.80

"

TRUCKD RI VE RS ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----- •
---------

3,443
981
2,462
1,928

4.39
4.20
4.46
4.70

4.76
4.37
4.78
4.81

3.933.414.014.74-

4.86
5.12
4.84
4.86

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

169
100

3.21
2.96

3.29
3.15

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING A TONS) — ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




663
283
380

3.77
3.60
3.90

3.60
3.53
3.97

-

-

6

7

29

27

8

5

7

-

-

-

-

21

-

-

-

-

-

59
10
49

40
17
23
2

43
28
15
“

78
44
34
2

102
78
24
-

195
107
88
9

158
116
42

133
78
55
7

148
95
53
10

128
95
33
9

114
95
19
15

216
149
67
58

35
5
30
29

121
100
21
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

19
“
19

38
7
31

14
10
4

71
20
51

45
33
12

84
14
70

241
182
59

263
164
99

281
215
66

141
83
58

402
383
19

306
85
221
140

180
85
95
“

59
11
*0
-

240
113
127
-

26
19
7

468
468
468

293
293
293

*

-

_
-

-

37
22
15

16
16

43
24
19

15
12
3

28
22
6

87
60
27

129
96
33

64
37
27

454
65
389

174
80
94

119
98
21

64
64

10
10

199
199

342
86
256

_
-

~

_
-

-

_
-

15

42
42
-

34
31
3

265
245
20

50
38
12

80
61
19

27
23
4

271
56
215

163
31
132

38
38

87
87

2
2

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

-

_
-

15
-

_

1

2

1

“

1

2

1

8
6
2

27
13
14

43
23
20

86
34
52

66
48
18

33
18
15

12
5
7

3
3

162
92
70

4
4

23
23
-

—
-

-

-

29
21
8

39
17
22

23
21
2

47
19
28

24
22
2

14
12
2

18
—
18

1
1

-

1
1

-

_
-

81
9
72

60
60
*

44
20
24

31
8
23

-

8
8

_
-

3
3

5
5

304
55
249
241

131
28
103
3

148
54
94
23

29
29
“

608 1172
43
78
565 1094
565 1094

325
325
-

2
2
*

1

7
4

23

21

-

-

48
48

-

_

-

-

-

3
3

*

24
24
“

7
7

1
1
”

22
9
13

77
15
62

73
71
2

44

“

-

-

-

-

16
14
2
“

4

-

4

24
24
“

15
13
2

53
23
30
”

18
16
2

138
41
97

127
114
13

190
50
140

139
74
65
2

2.49- 3.65
2.45- 3.37

_

_

_

16
14

4

24
24

6
4

6
“

6

8
4

44
3’

13
13

11

3.39- 4.07
3.24- 3.87
3.54- 4.09

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

9
9

41
17
24

4

12
12

23
8
15

81
81

26
16

171
33
138

*
27
19
ft

61
53
8

107
7
100

_

_

“
12
11
1

12
12

“
6
6

85
5
80

“

16
16

_
-

17
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v em e n t o c c u p a tio n s -----C o n tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N . J . , June 1971)
C
P
Hourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

*

$

1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.SO 2.60
Mean

2

M edian2

• Middle range 2

t

s

” $

$

1

i

$

*

I

$

$

S

2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4. 6 0 4.80 S.00 5.20

$

and
1.80 u n d e r

1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4. 8 0 5.00 5.20

over

HEN - CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS! - C O NT IN UE D
TRUCK0RIVERS, HE AV Y (OVER 4 TONS,

$

$

$

$

^

,

._

*.OtJ

7 * oa
* 2*
• *

x IS
x 01
^•01

-

7 "?I

-

-1
-1
'
1

4
4
*

34
28
6
“

99
78

X 342

2
2

2
2

60
38

145
129
18

223
93
130

294
120
174
-

2

5

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

240
-

240
240

17
17
—

“

_
-

-

1 75

/n r

t

47
35
12
12

f•

/ n

180

^17

5 71

3 10

'76

110

2.63

2.48

2 .3 7 -

2 .7 5

98
83
15
-

199
121
78
36

U

256
230
26
-

35
17
18
-

—

—
“
60
60
183
117
66
-

17
17
-

_

43 1047
43
33
1014
1014

—
—

2
2

309

_
-

-

559
559

40
-

16
16
16

104
104
104

-

-

-

-

—

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS ------

286

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




2*2^

2*31

^*36

2
2
137
137

6
6

26
19

27
16

5
5

25
17

4
2

1
1

15
“

6

67
67

-

-

36
18

67
49

54
-

14
14

1

-

3

-

-

-

1
1
-

18
T a b le A -5 a .

C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s tab lish m e n ts

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore
by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1971)
Hourly ea mings’

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
t
*
•
«
•
$
*
*
*
$
*
t
i
$
i
I
i
i
*
t
i
l
Under2 *00 2,10 2 ,2 0 2 ,3 0 2 ,4 0 2*50 2,60 2,70 2 ,8 0 2*90 3.00 3.20 3.AO 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.AO A . 60 A.80 5.00 5.20
A
and
and
2 .00 under
2.10 2.20 2.30 2 . AO 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.AO 3.60 3.80 A.00 A . 20 A. A O A.60 A. 80 5.00 5.20 over

MEN
GU AR DS AND W A TC HM EN ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

312
1A1
171

$
3.18
3.66
2.78

$
3.13
3.58
2.83

$
2.763.372.A9-

$
3.58
A.00
3.12

GUARDS
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

95

3.69

3.59

738
A93
2A5
105

3.39
3.51
3.1A
3.6A

3.A8
3.59
3.19
3.67

3.053.2A2.563.61-

LABORERS, MA TERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ■
'
—

599
32A
275

3.A8
3.60
3.33

3.65
3.68
3.32

2.79- A . 13
3.01- A . 13
2.65- A.1A

ORDER

12

21

12

23
3

20

32
1A
18

2A
16

2A

16

13

2A

6
10

3

7

31

A3

65

3

7

31

A3

5A
11

2A
2A

8

37

29

21
13
8
1

81
59
22
8

85
8A
S
3

68
57
11
9

206
1A1
65
58

A

29
16
13

18

12
7
5

100
81
19

13

25

3.77
3.78
3.70
3.80

12

AO
26
1A

—

A

FILLERS ------------------------

A28

3.97

A . 22

A. 13- A . 29

18

6

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

266
263

2.88
2.88

2.6A
2.65

2.31- 3.63
2.29- 3.63

A8

18
18

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS ---------------------

162

A.1A

A. 3 A

A . 30- A . 37

1

SH IPPING AND RE CEIVING CL ER KS -----

55

3.81

A. 22

2.89- A.28

3

1

TR UC KD RI VE RS ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2A2
192

A . 00
A . 09

A . 31
A . 31

3.67- A.AO
3.70- A.A5

2

2

-

TR UCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

52
51

A.A8
A.AS

A . 56
A . 56

A . 03- 5.02
A . 03- 5.03

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

521
A12
109

3.91
3.89
3.99

3.9 A
3.93
A . 29

3.83- A . 32
3.83- A.31
3.78- A . 35

See footnotes at end of tables




26
2A

r

u

29
29

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

28
21
7

1A
1A

-

-

-

1A

-

-

-

31
5
26
25

115
100
15
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

10
10
-

207
10A
103

22
19
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

*
-

10

-

16

-

-

115

2A5

-

-

-

-

-

29
29

i
7

-

73
73

2
2

2
2

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

1

5

A

11

7

2

-

119

4

3

-

-

1

2

3

A

-

-

-

23

-

-

-

3

21
17

9
d

-

51
51

10
9

11
8

71
A5

29
29

7
7

5
5

16
16

_

a
5

_

7
7

A
A

3
2

12
12

_

5
5

16
16

12
6
6

230
222
8

7
1
6

183
117
66

_

_
*

-

*

-

12
12

32
13

39
37
2

-

26
1
25

9

10

30
9

3.52- 3.77

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EA N E R S --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

10

12

1A
1A

30
28
2

13
1
12

la
9

u
.

“
18
13
5

-

-

-

5
-

1
1

19

Footnotes

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th an th e r a te s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th an th e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d le r a n g e is d e f in e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd la te s h if t s .







Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing jo b d escrip tions fo r the B ureau's wage surveys is to a ss ist its field staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are em ployed under a va riety of payroll titles and d ifferent w ork arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing com parable jo b content.
Because of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the B ureau's job d escrip tions m ay differ significantly fro m those in use in
individual establishm ents o r those prepared fo r other purp oses.
In applying these jo b d escrip tion s, the B ureau's field econ om ists are instructed
to exclude working su p ervisors; apprentices; lea rn ers; beginners; train ees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w ork ers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, FILE

BILLER. MACHINE
P rep a res statem ents, b ills , and in voices on a m achine other than an ordinary or e le c tr o m atic typew riter. May a lso keep re co rd s as to billings or shipping charges or p erform other
cle r ic a l work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
cla ss ified by type of m achine, as follow s:
B iller, m achine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott
F ish er, Burroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills
and in voices from cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs , internally prepared o rd e rs , shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping ch arges,
and entry of n e c e ss a r y extensions, which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon cop ies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.
B iller, m achine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping m achine (Sundstrand, E lliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which m ay or m ay not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' b ills as part of the accounts .receivable operation. Generally involves tjhe sim ulta­
neous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger re c o rd . The machine autom atically accum ulates
figu res on a number of vertica l colum ns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works fro m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish er, Sundstrand, B urroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a re c o rd of business
transactions.
C lass A . Keeps a set of re co rd s requiring a knowledge of and experien ce in Oasic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia rity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. D eterm ines p roper re c o rd s and distribution of debit and cre d it item s to be used in each
phase of the w ork. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s
by hand.
C lass B. Keeps a re c o rd of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of re co rd s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or section s include accounts payable,
p ayroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d e scrib e d under b ille r ,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory co n tro l, etc. May ch eck or a ssist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare con trol sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A . Under general d irection of a bookkeeper or accountant, has resp on sib ility fo r
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or re co rd s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or led gers such as accounts receiva ble or accounts payable; examining and coding
in voices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and req u ires judgment and ex p e ri­
ence in making p roper assignations and a llocations. May a ss ist in preparing, adjusting, and
closin g journal en tries; and m ay d irect cla ss B accounting cle rk s .
C lass B. Under supervision, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting sim ple journal vouchers or accounts payable vou chers, entering vouchers in
voucher re g iste rs ; recon cilin g bank accounts; and posting subsidiary led gers con trolled by
general led gers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional b asis among several w ork ers.




21

C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject m atter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, re p o rts, technical d ocu­
m ents, etc. May a lso file this m aterial. May keep re co rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a sm all group of low er level file cle rk s .
C lass B. S orts, co d e s , and file s u n classified m aterial by sim ple (su b ject m atter) head­
ing s""or—
partly cla ss ifie d m aterial by fin er subheadings. P rep a res sim ple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requested, loca tes cle a rly identified m aterial in file s and forw ards
m ateria l.
May p erform related cle r ic a l tasks required to maintain and se rv ice file s .
C lass C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ss ifie d or which
is e a sily cla ss ifie d in a sim ple se ria l cla ssifica tio n system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ron ologica l,
or n u m erical). As requested, locates read ily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal ch arge. P erfo rm s sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and se rv ice file s .
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m e rs' o rd ers fo r m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow in g; Quoting p rice s to cu stom ers; making out an ord er
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord e r; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on ord er
sheet; and distributing ord er sheets to resp ective departments to be filled . May ch eck with credit
department to determ ine cred it rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t of o rd e rs fro m cu stom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been fille d , keep file of ord e rs re ce iv e d , and ch eck shipping
inv oices with original o rd e rs .
CLERK, PA YR OLL
Computes wages of com pany em ployees and enters the n ece ssa ry data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w o rk e rs' earnings based on time or production r e c o rd s ; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o rk e r's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim a ry duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to p e rfo rm m athem atical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of cle rk , which m ay involve f r e ­
quent use of a C om ptom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a num erical a n d /o r alphabetical or com bination keypunch m achine to
tra n scrib e data fro m various source docum ents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s . P e rfo rm s same
tasks as low er level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
sk ills and the making of som e determ inations, fo r exam ple, loca tes on the source docum ent
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation fro m severa l docum ents; and search es fo r and
interprets inform ation on the docum ent to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced op erator*.

22
SECRETARY— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
C lass B. Under clo s e supervision or follow ing sp e cific procedu res o r instructions,
tra n scrib es data fro m sou rce docum ents to punched ca rd s . Operates a num erical a n d /or
alphabetical or com bination keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. May v e rify ca rd s.
Working fro m various standardized sou rce docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or p rescrib ed in detail and require little o r no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. P rob lem s a risin g from erroneous item s or co d e s , m issin g inform ation,
e tc., are re fe rre d to su p ervisor.

d. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
of o fficia l) that em p loys, in all, over 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
e. S ecreta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
management su p ervisor of an organizational segm ent often involving as many as several
hundred p erson s) o f a com pany that em p loys, in all, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .
C lass C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running erran ds, operating m inor o ffice m a­
chines such as sea le rs or m a ile rs , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle r ic a l work.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal s ecreta ry , n orm a lly to one individual. Maintains a clo s e and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y -to -d a y w ork activities of the su p ervisor. Works fa ir ly inde­
pendently receiv in g a m inim um of detailed supervision and guidance. P e rfo rm s varied cle rica l
and secreta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the follo w in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
p ersonal c a lle r s , and incom ing m ail, answ ers routine inqu iries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the prop er p erson s; (b) esta b lish es, m aintains, and rev ise s the su p e rv is o r's file s ; (c) maintains
the su p e rv is o r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages fro m super­
v is or to subordinates; (e) review s corresp on d en ce, m em orandum s, and reports p rep a red b y others
fo r the s u p e rv is o r's signature to a ssure procedu ral and typographic accu ra cy; and (f) p erform s
stenographic and typing work.
May a lso p erform other cle r ic a l and s e cre ta ria l tasks of com parable nature and d ifficulty.
The w ork typ ically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
prog ra m s, and p roced u res related to the work of the su p ervisor.
E xclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c r e ta r y " p o ss e s s the above ch a r a c te r is tic s. Examples
of positions which are excluded fro m the definition are as follo w s: (a) P ositions which do not meet
the "p erson a l" s ecreta ry concept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of p rofession a l, techn ical,
or m anagerial p erson s; (d) s e cre ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com p lex and resp on sib le than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficu lt or m ore responsible techn ical, adm in­
istra tive, su p ervisory , or specialized c le r ic a l duties which are not typical of se cre ta ria l work.
N OTE: The term "co rp o ra te o f f i c e r ," used in the level definitions follow ing, re fe rs to
those o fficia ls who have a significant corp ora te-w id e policym aking role with regard to m ajor
com pany a ctiv ities. The title "v ic e p r e s id e n t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in all ca ses identify such position s. V ice presidents whose p rim ary resp on sib ility is to act p e r­
sonally on individual ca ses or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a c le r ic a l staff) are not con sid ered to be
"co rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes of applying the follow ing level definition s.
C lass A
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the b oard o r president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp orate o ffic e r (other than the chairm an of the b oard o r president)
of a com pany that em p loy s, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the corp orate o ffic e r level) of a m a jo r
segm ent o r subsidiary o f a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rs o n s .
C lass B
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board o r president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp ora te o ffic e r (other than the chairm an of the b oard o r president)
of a com pany that em p loys, in all, ov er 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below
corp ora te-w id e functional activity (e .g ., m arketing,
tions, etc.) or~a m ajor geographic o r organizational
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em p loys, in
em p loy ees; or




the o ffice r level) ov e r either a m ajor
re s e a rch , operation s, industrial re la segm ent (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000

a. S ecreta ry to an executive or m anagerial p e rso n whose resp on sib ility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e c ific level situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally num bers at least se ve ra l dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l includes
a wide range of organizational ech elon s; in o th e rs, only one o r two; o r
b. S ecreta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
of o fficia l) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5 ,000 p e rs o n s .
C lass D
a. S ecreta ry to the su p ervisor o r head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o i
b. S ecreta ry to a n on sup ervisory staff sp e cia list, p ro fe ssio n a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffic e r , o r assistant, skilled technician o r expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d e scrib e d above, to this level of su p ervisory or
n on sup ervisory w ork er.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary fro m one or m ore
p erson s either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May
also type fro m written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s , or p erform other rela tiv ely
routine cle r ic a l tasks. May operate fro m a stenographic p ool. Does not include tra n scrib in gm achine w ork. (See tra n scribin g-m achine o p e ra to r.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b rie fs or rep orts on scien tific re se a rch fro m one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May a lso type fro m written
copy. May a lso set up and maintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e rfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp on si­
b ility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: Work requires high d egree of
stenographic speed and a ccu ra cy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
p roced u res and of the sp e cific business operation s, organization, p o lic ie s, p ro ce d u re s, file s ,
w orkflow , e tc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and resp onsible cle rica l
tasks such a s, maintaining followup file s ; assem bling m aterial fo r re p o rts, m em orandum s, letters,
e tc .; com posing sim ple letters fro m general instructions; reading arid routing incom ing m ail; and
answering routine questions, e tc. Does not include tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a sin gle- o r m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffice ca lls. P e rfo r m s fu ll telephone inform ation s e rv ice o r handles
com p lex ca lls , such as con fe re n ce , co lle ct, o v e r se a s , o r sim ila r ca lls , either in addition to
doing routine w ork as d e scrib e d fo r switchboard o p era tor, cla ss B, or as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation s e rv ice o cc u rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not read ily understandable fo r telephone inform ation p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping o r interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p rob lem s as to
which extensions are appropriate fo r ca lls.)
C lass B . O perates a sin gle- o r m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffice ca lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and re c o rd tolls.
May p e rfo rm lim ited telephone inform ation s e rv ice . ("L im ite d " telephone inform ation se rv ice
o cc u rs if the functions o f the establishm ent s e rv ice d are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation p u rp oses, o r if the requests a re routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
s p e cific nam es are furnished, o r if co m p lex ca lls are re fe rr e d to another operator.)

23
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to p erform in g duties of operator on a sin gle-p osition or m onitor-type sw itch­
b oard , acts as receptionist and m ay also type or p erform routine c le r ic a l work as part of regular
duties. This typing o r cle rica l w ork m ay take the m ajor part of this w o r k e r's tim e while at
sw itchboard.

Class C. Operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting m achines such as the
s o rte r, reproducing punch, co lla to r, e tc., with s p e cific instructions. May include sim ple
w iring fro m diagram s and som e filing w ork. The work typically involves portions of a w ork
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting o r collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATO R, GENERAL

TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating o r ' e le ctrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such m achines as the tabulator, ca lcu la tor, interp reter, co lla to r, arid others.
P e rfo rm s com plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and p e rfo rm s difficult
w iring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents typically involve a
va riety of long and com plex rep orts which often are of irregu la r o r nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring som e planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experien ced op era tor,
is typ ically involved in training new operators in machine operation s, or partially trained
op era tors in w iring from diagram s and operating sequences of long and com plex rep orts.
Does not include working su p ervisors perform ing tabulating-m achine operations and d a y -to day supervision of the w ork and production of a group of tabulating-m achine op era tors.
Class B . Operates m ore difficult tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting m achines such as the
tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the s o rte r, rep ro d u ce r, and co lla to r. This w ork is
p erform ed under s p e c ific instructions and may include the p erform ance of som e wiring fro m
diagram s. The w ork typically inv olv es, for exam ple, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r c is e , a com plete but sm all tabulating study, o r parts of a longer and m ore
com plex rep ort. Such reports and studies are usually of a recu rrin g nature where the p r o ­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the m achine.

P rim a ry duty is to tra n scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tra n scribin g-m achine re c o rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W orkers transcribin g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
b riefs or rep orts on scie n tific re se a rch are not included. A w orker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is cla ssifie d as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typew riter to make cop ies of various m aterial or to make out b ills after ca lcu la ­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of ste n cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
ria ls fo r use in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple r e c o r d s , filing re c o rd s and re p o rts, or sorting and distributing incom ing m ail.
C lass A . P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves com bining m aterial fro m severa l sou rces or resp on sib ility fo r co r r e c t spelling,
syllabication , punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual w ords o r foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniform ity and
balance in spacing. May type routine fo rm letters varying details to suit circu m sta n ces.
Class B . P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the follow ing: Copy typing from rough or clea r drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , e tc.; and settingu p sim ple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com p lex tables already setup and spaced prop erly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the con trol con sole of a digital com puter to p r o c e s s data accordin g
to operating instructions, usually p rep a red by a p rog ra m er. W ork includes m ost of the follow in g:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operation s; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s , e tc.); sw itches n e ce ss a ry auxiliary equipment into circ u it, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating p rob lem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; review s e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe rs p rob lem
to su p ervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating re c o rd s. May test and a ssist in co rre ctin g
program .

C onverts statements of business p ro b le m s, typ ically p repared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the p rob lem s by automatic data
p ro ce s s in g equipment. Working fro m charts o r diagram s, the p ro g ra m e r develops the p re cis e
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the m anipu­
lation o f data to achieve d e sire d resu lts. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: A pplies knowledge
of computer capa bilities, m athem atics, lo g ic em ployed by com p uters, and particular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the p rob lem to be program ed. D evelops sequence
of p rog ra m steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p ro ce s s e d ;
con verts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to follow ; tests and c o r r e c t s p ro g ra m s;
p rep a res instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
p rog ra m s to in crease operating efficie n cy o r adapt to new requirem ents; maintains re co rd s of
p rog ra m developm ent and re v isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
gram ing should be c la ss ifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

F o r wage study p u rp oses, com puter op erators are c la ss ifie d as follo w s:
C lass A . O perates independently, or under only general d irection , a com puter running
p rogram s with m ost of the follow ing ch a ra cteris tics: New p rog ra m s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of cr itic a l im portance to m in im ize downtime; the
p rog ra m s are of com p lex design so that identification of e r r o r sou rce often requires a working
knowledge of the total prog ra m , and alternate p rogram s m ay not be available. May give
d irection and guidance to low er level op era tors.
C lass B. O perates independently, o r under only general direction , a com puter running
p rog ra m s with m ost of the follow ing ch a ra cte ris tics; M ost of the p rog ra m s are established
production runs, typ ica lly run on a regularly recu rrin g b a s is; there is little or no testing
of new p rog ra m s required ; alternate p rog ra m s are p rovided in ca s e origin al p rogram needs
m a jor change or cannot be c o r re cte d within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e r r o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes co r re ctiv e action. This usually involves applying p rev iou sly p r o ­
gram ed c o r re ctiv e steps, or using standard co r re ctio n techniques.

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp on sib le fo r the management or supervision of
other e le ctro n ic data p ro ce s s in g (EDP) em p loyees, o r p rog ra m ers p rim a rily con cerned with
scien tific a n d /o r engineering p ro b le m s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, p ro g ra m e rs are c la ss ifie d as fo llo w s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only gen eral d irection on com p lex p rob lem s which
require com petence in all phases o f p rogram ing concepts and p ra ctice s. W orking fro m dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d e sired resu lts, m a jo r p ro ce s s in g steps to be
a ccom p lished , and the relationships betw een variou s steps of the p rob lem solving routine;
plans the fu ll range o f p rogram ing actions needed to efficien tly utilize the com puter system
in achieving d e sire d end products.

OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rog ra m s o r segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra cteristics d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher le v e l operator b y inde­
pendently perform ing le ss d ifficult tasks assigned, and p erform in g d ifficult tasks follow ing
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations p erform ed .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo s e supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to d etect p rob lem s involved in
running routine p rog ra m s. Usually has receiv ed som e form a l training in com puter operation.
May a ss ist higher lev el op era tor on com p lex p rog ra m s.




At this le v e l, p rogram ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce se ve ra l interrelated but d iverse products fro m num erous and d iverse data elem ents.
A wide v a riety and extensive number of internal p ro ce s s in g actions must o cc u r. This requires
such actions as developm ent of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operation s, adjustments to data when p rog ra m requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing o f data elem ents
to fo rm a highly integrated program .
May provid e functional d irection to low er le v e l p ro g ra m e rs who are assigned to a ssist.

24
COMPUTER PROGRAM ER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

C lass B. W orks independently or under only gen eral d irection on rela tiv ely sim ple
p rog ra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents of com p lex p rog ra m s. P ro g ra m s (o r segm ents) usually
p ro ce s s inform ation to produce data in two o r three varied sequences or form a ts. R eports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are read ily available. While numerous re co rd s m ay be
p ro ce s s e d , the data have been refined in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine ch ecks. T yp ically, the p rog ra m deals with
routine record -k eep in g type operations.
OR
W orks on com p lex p rog ra m s (as d escrib ed fo r cla ss A) under clo s e d irection o f a higher
level p rog ra m er or s u p ervisor. May a ss ist higher le v e l p ro g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
form ing le ss difficult tasks assigned, and p erform in g m ore difficult tasks under fa ir ly clo s e
d irection.
May guide or instruct low er level p rog ra m ers.

OR
Works on a segm ent of a com p lex data p ro ce ssin g schem e o r system , as d escrib ed for
cla ss A. W orks independently on routine assignm ents and re ce iv e s instruction and guidance
on com p lex assignm ents. W ork is review ed fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure p rop er alinement with the o v e ra ll system .
C lass C . W orks under im m ediate su pervision, ca rryin g out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experience
in the application o f p ro ce d u re s and skills required fo r system s analysis w ork. F o r exam ple,
m ay a ssist a higher le v e l system s analyst b y preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m e rs fro m inform ation developed by the higher le v e l analyst.
DRAFTSMAN

C lass C. Makes p ra ctica l applications o f program ing p ra ctice s and concepts usually
learned in form a l training cou rses . A ssignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine p rob lem s. R e ce iv e s clo s e supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and w ork is review ed to v e r ify its a ccu ra cy and con form an ce with
required p roced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes busin ess p rob lem s to form ulate p roced u res fo r solving them by use of e le ctro n ic
data p roces s in g equipment. D evelops a com plete d escrip tion of a ll specification s needed to enable
p rog ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter p rog ra m s. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g:
A nalyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and cr ite ria required
to achieve sa tisfa ctory resu lts; sp ecifies number and types of r e c o r d s , file s , and docum ents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by p ersonnel and com puters in sufficient detail fo r
presentation to management and fo r p rogram ing (typ ically this involves preparation of w ork and
data flow ch arts); coordin ates the developm ent of test p rob lem s and participates in tria l runs of
new and rev ised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m o re effective overall
op erations. (NOTE: W orkers p erform in g both system s analysis and p rogram ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
D oes not include em ployees p rim a r ily resp on sib le fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em p loyees, o r system s analysts p rim a rily con cern ed with
scien tific or engineering p rob lem s.
F or wage study p u rp oses,

maintaining accounts receiv a ble in a retail establishm ent, o r maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or. w h olesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p erson s con cerned to determ ine
the data p ro ce ssin g p rob lem s and advises su b ject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.

system s analysts are cla ss ifie d as follow s:

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general d ire ctio n on com p lex p roblem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com p lex because of d iverse sou rces
of input data and m u ltip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (F o r exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re c o rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p r o ce s s e d through the full system of re co rd s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) C onfers with p ersons co n ­
cerned to determ ine the data p roces s in g p rob lem s and advises su bject-m atter p ersonnel on
the im plications of new o r rev ised system s of data p ro ce ssin g operations. Makes r e c o m ­
m endations, if needed, fo r approval of m a jor system s installations o r changes and fo r
obtaining equipment.
May p rovide functional d irection to low er lev el system s analysts who are assigned to
a ssist.
C lass B . W orks independently or under only gen eral d irection on p rob lem s that are
rela tiv ely uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rog ra m , and operate. P ro b le m s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are hom ogeneous and the output data are c lo s e ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining d ep ositor accounts in a bank,

C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com p lex item s having distinctive design
features that d iffer significantly fro m established drafting p receden ts. W orks in clo se sup­
port with the design orig in ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
e ffect of each change on the details of fo rm , function, and p ositional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. W orks with a m inim um of s u p e rviso ry a ssista n ce. C om pleted w ork is
review ed by design origin ator fo r con sisten cy with p r io r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, o r d ire ct their p reparation by low er le v e l draftsm en.
C lass B . P e rfo r m s nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques reg u la rly used. Duties typ ically in ­
volve such w ork as: P re p a re s working drawings of subassem blies with irre g u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p r e c is e p ositional relationships between com ponents; p rep a res a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r con struction of a building including detail drawings o f foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load ca p a cities, strengths,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R e ce iv e s initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice fro m supervisor.
Com pleted w ork is checked fo r techn ical adequacy.
C lass C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units o r parts fo r engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, o r repair p u rp oses. Types of drawings p rep a red include iso m e tric p rojection s
(depicting three dim insions in accu rate scale) and section al view s to cla rify positioning of
com ponents and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details fro m a number of sou rces
and adjusts or transposes s ca le as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
p reced en ts, and advice on sou rce m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le ss com plete when assignm ents re cu r. W ork m ay be spot-ch eck ed during p ro g re ss .
DRAFTSM AN -TRACER
C opies plans and drawings p rep a red by others by placing tracing cloth o r paper over
drawings and tracing with pen o r p encil. (D oes not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim a rily
consisting of straight lines and a la rge sca le not requiring c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P re p a re s sim ple o r repetitive drawings of ea sily visu a lized item s. W ork is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss .
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A re g iste re d nurse who gives nursing s e rv ice under gen eral m ed ical d irection to ill or
injured em ployees or other p erson s who b ecom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
fa cto ry o r other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination o f the follow ing: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill o r injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of e m p loy ees' in ju ries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident rep orts fo r com pensation o r other p u rp oses; assisting in
p h ysical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em p loy ees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogra m s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent,
o r other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all p ersonnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P e rfo r m s the carpentry duties n e c e ss a r y to con struct and maintain in good repair building
woodw ork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s , cou nters, bench es, partitions, d o o rs , flo o r s , sta irs,
ca sin gs, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of w ork from blueprints, draw ings, m od els, o r v erba l instructions using a variety

of ca rp e n te r's handtools, portable pow er to o ls , and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials n ece ssa ry
fo r the w ork. In general, the w ork of the m aintenance carp enter req u ires rounded training and
experien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.




25
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)— Continued

P e rfo rm s a variety of e le ctrica l trade functions such as the installation, m aintenance,
or rep a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le c tr ic energy in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctrica l equipment such as gen era tors, tra n s form ers, sw itchboards, co n tr o lle rs , circu it brea k ­
e r s , m o to r s, heating units, conduit system s, or other tra n sm ission equipment; working fro m
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctrica l system o r equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
w iring or e le ctrica l equipment; and using a va riety of e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring afid
testing instrum ents. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance ele ctricia n requires rounded tra in ­
ing and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and
exp erien ce.

the various assem blies in the veh icle and making n ece ssa ry adjustments; and alining w h eels,
adjusting brakes and lights, o r tightening body bolts. In general, the w ork of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l appren­
ticesh ip or equivalent training and exp erien ce.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, refrig era tion , or a ir-conditioning. W ork involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s s o rs , gen era tors, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a re c o rd of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May a lso su­
p e rv ise these operation s. Head o r ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ire s stationary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
or steam . F eeds fuels to fir e by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas o r o il burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing b o ile r ro o m equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ss ists one or m ore w ork ers in the skilled maintenance tra d e s, by perform ing s p e cific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and to o ls;
cleaning .working a rea, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
to o ls ; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as 'directed by journeym an. The kind of w ork the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is con ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working a rea s; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized m achine operation s, or parts of a trade that are
a lso p erform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL O PERATO R, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of m achine to o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
cylin d rica l or surface grin d ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls , gages, jig s , fixtu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: P lan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of a ccu ra cy; using a variety of p re cis io n m easuring instrum ents; selecting fe e d s,
speeds, toolin g, and operation sequence; and making n ecessa ry adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces o r dim ensions. May be required to re cogn ize when to o ls need d r e s s ­
ing, to d ress to o ls , and to select p roper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . F o r c r o s s ­
industry wage study p u rp oses, m achine-tool op era tors, toolro o m , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produ ces replacem ent parts and new parts in making rep a irs of m etal parts of m echan­
ica l equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
w ritten instructions and specification s; planning and laying out of w ork; using a variety of m a­
ch in ist's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
to o ls ; shaping of m etal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dim ensions of w ork, toolin g, feed s, and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working p roperties
o f the com m on m etals; selecting standard m ateria ls, p a rts, and equipment required fo r his w ork;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ra ctice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble;
dism antling o r partly dism antling m achines and p erform in g rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with item s obtained
fro m stock; orderin g the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications fo r m ajor rep a irs
or fo r the production of parts ord ered fro m machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n e ce ss a ry adjustments fo r operation. In gen eral, the work of a maintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and exp erien ce. Excluded fro m this cla ssifica tion are w ork ers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines o r heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs m achines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the fo l­
low ing: Planning and laying out of the w ork; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tr e s s e s ,
strength of m ateria ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls , equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good o rd e r power
tra n sm ission equipment such as drives and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw righ t's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experien ce in the trade acquired through a form a l
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
OILER
L ubricates, with o il or g rea se, the m oving parts or wearing su rfa ces
equipment of an establishm ent.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w a lls, w oodw ork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. W ork in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface p eculiarities and types of paint required fo r different
applications; preparing surface fo r painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in te rstice s; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix c o lo r s , o ils ,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain p rop er co lo r or con sistency. In gen eral, the
w ork of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through
a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp erien ce.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs o r rep a irs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of w ork and m easuring to l o ­
cate position of pipe fro m drawings or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe
to co r re ct lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven o r pow er-d riv en m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re s su re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether
finished pipes m eet specification s. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter req u ires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and exp erien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLU M BER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good o rd e r. W ork involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtu res; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r 's snake. In
general, the w ork of the maintenance plum ber requires rounded training and exp erien ce usually
acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)

SH EE T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

R ep airs autom obiles, bu ses, m otortrucks, and tra cto rs of an establishm ent. W ork in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing rep a irs that involve the use of such handtools as
w ren ch es, gages, d r ills , or specialized equipment in d isassem bling o r fitting parts; replacing
broken o r defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; rea ssem b lin g and installing

F a b rica te s, insta lls, and maintains in good rep a ir the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as m achine guards, grease pans, sh elves, lo ck e rs , tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts,
m etal roofing) of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance w ork fro m blueprints, m od els, o r other specification s;
setting .up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a va riety of




26
S H EE T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE----Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form in g, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetm etal a rticles as required. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and exp erien ce.

using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p re cisio n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p rop erties of com m on m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
m achine tools and related equipment; making n e ce ssa ry shop computations relating to dimensions
of w ork, speeds, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished to o ls and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p re s crib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m ateria ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In gen eral, the tool and die m ak er's w ork req u ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and to o lro o m p ra ctice usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship
or equivalent training and exp erien ce.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and rep a irs m achine-shop t^ ols, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies fo r forg in gs,
punching, and other m eta l-form in g w ork. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of w ork from m od els, blueprints, drawings, or other ora l and written specification s;

F o r cr o ss -in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded fro m this cla ssification .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P e rfo r m s routine p o lice duties, either at fixed p ost o r on tour, maintaining
o rd e r, using arm s o r fo r c e where n ecessa ry . Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and ch eck on identity of em ployees and other p erson s entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p rem ises p e riod ica lly in protecting property against fir e ,
theft, and illeg a l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P rep a res m erchandise fo r shipment, or re c e iv e s and is resp on sib le for incom ing ship­
ments o f m erchandise o r other m ateria ls. Shipping w ork in v olv es: A knowledge of shipping
p ro ce d u re s, p ra ctice s , rou tes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and
keeping a file of shipping r e c o r d s . May d irect or a ssist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving w ork in v olv es: V erifying or directing others in verifying the co rre ctn e ss of
shipments against b ills of lading, in v o ice s, o r other r e c o rd s ; checking fo r shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to p rop er departments; and maintaining n e c e s ­
sary re co rd s and file s .

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w ork ers are cla ss ifie d as follow s;
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa cto ry working areas and w a sh room s, or
p rem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow ing; Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
ch ips, trash , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ice s ; and cleaning la va tories, show­
e rs , and res tro o m s . W orkers who s p ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; tru cker; stockman o r stock h elper; w a re ­
housem an or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca r s , tru ck s, or other transporting d e v ice s; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location ; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock sele c to r ; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers fo r finished goods fro m stored m erchandise in a c c o r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu sto m e rs ’ o rd e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep re c o rd s of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiv in g clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m ateria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w areh ouses, w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of busin ess. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical re p a irs , and keep truck in good working o rd e r. D r iv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r -th e -ro a d d rivers are excluded.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, tru ck d rivers are c la ss ifie d by size and type of equipment,
as fo llo w s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the b asis of tra ile r capacity.)
T ru ckd river (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ck d river, light (under 1*/2 tons)
T ru ck d river, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
T ru ck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P rep ares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tain ers, the s p ecific operations p erform ed being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. W ork requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Khowledge of various item s of stock in ord er to v erify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using e x c e lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P a ck ers who a lso make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually con trolled ga solin e- or e le ctric-p o w e r e d truck or tra ctor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w orkers are cla ss ifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck e r, power (forklift)
T ru ck e r, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le

O n ^Request

The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the inside front cover.

Abilene, Tex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Amarillo, Tex.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Billings, Mont.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluthr-Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
Durham,. N.C.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick-Hagerstown, Md.—
Pa.— Va.
W.
Great Falls, Mont.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem-High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Hartford, Conn.
Huntsville, Ala.

Copies of public releases are

Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norwich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard-Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Monterey, Calif.
Santa Barbara, Calif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Valdosta, Ga.
Vallejo—
Napa, Calif.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

The eleventh annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel,
buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices.







A rea

W age

S u rve y s

A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at th e
r e q u e s t o f t h e W a g e a n d H o u r D i v i s i o n o f t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

Akron, Ohio, July 1970_______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1971 1 ----------Albuquerque, N. M ex., Mar. 1971-----------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1971__
Atlanta, Ga., May 1971_______________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1970 1 _________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—Orange, Tex., May 1971 1 ----Binghamton, N.Y., July 1970_________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1971 1 _____________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1970 1 _______________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1970 1 __________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1970 1 ____________________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1971 1 -------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, May 1971______________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1971--------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1971---------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1970 1 -----------------------Chicago, 111., June 1970---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1971 1 ----------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1970 1 ------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1970 1 --------------------------------------Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1970 1 ------------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Feb. 197 1-----------------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1970 1 ------------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1970------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, May 1971_________________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1971 1 ----------------------------------------Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1970 1 -----------------------------------Green Bay, Wis., July 1971---------------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1971 1 -------------------------------------Houston, Tex., Apr. 1971 1 ----------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1970 1 ________________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1971 1---------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1970 1 ----------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1970 1 -----------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1971------------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1971--------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim^Santa AnarGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1971 1 --------------------------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1970---------------------------------Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1971-----------------------------------------Manchester, N.H., July 1971------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1970------------------------------Miami, Fla., Nov. 1970 1 -------------------------------------------Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1971-------------------------Milwaukee, W is., May 1971__________________________
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1971---------------------St.
 Data on establishment practices


Bulletin nu m b er
an d p r i c e

1660-88,
1685-54,
1685-58,
1685-75
1685-69,
1685-18,
1685-68,
1685-6,
1685-63,
1685-21,
1685-1 1,
1685-43,
1685-59,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1685-48,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1685-53,
1685-28,
1685-33,
1685-22,

30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
50 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
60 cents
4 5 cents
50 cents
4 0 cents
5 0 cents

1685-51,
1685-45,
1685-41,
1685-70,
1685-77,
1685-25,
1725-3,
1685-78,
1685-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685-37,
1685-16,
1685-83,
1725-4,

30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 c e n t s
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents
30 c e n t s
30 cents

1685-66,
1685-27,
1685-60,
1725-2,
1685-30,
1685-29,
1685-40,
1685-76,
1685-44,

50 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents

and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Area

Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1971______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1971------------------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1971_________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1971 1
________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1970 1_________________________
NorfolkHPortsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1970_____________________
Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Sept. 1970* _____________________
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1971__________
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1970____________________
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 19701__________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1971 1__________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1970___________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1970 1__________________
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— ass.,
M
May 1971 1___________________________________________
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1970 1____________________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1971-----------------------------------------Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only),
Aug. 1970____________________________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1971_____________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1971 1______________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 19701------------------------------San Antonio, Tex., May 1971 1-----------------------------------San Bernardincr-Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1970 1
----------------------------------------------------------------San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1970---------------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1970-----------------San Jose, Calif., Aug. 1970----------------------------------------Savannah, Ga., May 1971_____________________________
Scranton, Pa., Julyl971______________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1971 1__________________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1970 1
-------------------------------South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1971--------------------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1970 1 _________________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1970____________________________
Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla., Nov. 1970------------------ --_____________________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1971 1
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1970 1 ___________________________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1970_________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Apr. 1971_______________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1971_________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1970 1
__________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1971____________________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1971_________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1971_________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1970________________

Bulletin n u m b er
an d p r i c e

1685-82,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1660-89,

30 cents
40 cents
30 cents
40 cents
75 cents

1685-46,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1660-70,
1685-49,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1685-80,
1685-12,
1685-62,

40 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1685-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1685-26,
1685-81,

30 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
1685-72,
1725- 1,
1685-52,
1685-38,
1685-61,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685-17,
1685-74,
1685-15,
1685-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1685-32,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

40 cents
30 cents
40 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C . 2 0 2 1 2

O F F IC IA L B U S IN E S S
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E USE, $ 3 0 0




FIRST CLASS M AIL
P O S TA G E A N D F E E S P A ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR