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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e O m a h a , N e b r a s k a —Io w a, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lle t in

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -1 4

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES
ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Reaions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e O m a h a , N e b r a s k a —Io w a, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lle t in

1 6 8 5 -1 4
January 1971

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction___________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied______________________________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of change for selected p eriod s----------------------------------------

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results. After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.

A.

Ninety areas currently are included in the p ro ­
gram . In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.

B.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Omaha, N e b r -Io w a , in September 1970.
The Standard
Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of
the Budget through January 1968, consists of Douglas and
Sarpy Counties, N ebr.; and Pottawattamie County, Iowa.
This study was conducted by the Bureau’ s regional office in
Kansas City, M o., under the general direction of Edward
Chaiken, A ssistant Regional Director for Operations.




1
5

6

Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations—
men and women_________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and
women_________________________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined__________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations----------------------------A -5 . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations-------------------

10
11
12

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
w orkers_______________________________________________________
B -2 . Shift differen tials--------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . Scheduled weekly h ou rs______________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays___________________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations_________________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans-----------------------------------

14
15
16
17
18
20

Appendix.

Occupational description s----------------------------------------------------------

NOTE: Similar tabulations are available
areas. (See inside back cover.)

for other

Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Omaha area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; local-tran sit operating em ployees; and
local truckdrivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

iii

4

7
9

22




Introduction
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b a s is .1 In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to represent­
ative establishments within six broad industry divisions:
Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services.
M ajor industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publi­
cation criteria.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude p re­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-o f-liv in g
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em ­
ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firm s may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though m ost establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
2, are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within
the groups.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerica l; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m ove­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
tKe job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables, because
either (l) employment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough
data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.

The averages presented reflect com posite, areawide e sti­
m ates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estim ates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
perform ed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying
employees in these surveys are usually m ore generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice o cc u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour D ivision of the U. S. D epartm ent of Labor.




1

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure

2
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in
occupational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to plant and office workers.
Data for industry divisions not
presented separately are included in the estimates for "a ll industries."
Adm inistrative, executive, and professional em ployees, and construc­
tion workers who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"P lan t w orkers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory
workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice func­
tions. "O ffice w orkers" include working supervisors and nonsuper­
visory workers performing clerical or related functions.
Cafeteria
workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but
included in nonmanufacturing industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l ) relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely to have form al entrance rates for workers
above the subclerical level than sm all establishments, the table is
more - r epre sentative of policies in medium and large establishments.
Shift differential data (table B -2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
term s of (1) establishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms
of workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority,
the classification "o th e r " was used. In establishments in which some
late-sh ift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B -3) of a m ajority of the
fir st-sh ift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Scheduled
weekly hours are those which a m ajority of fu ll-tim e employees were
expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-tim e or
overtime rates.

a m ajority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B -2 through
B -6 may not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a form al b a sis; i .e ., (1) are provided for
in written form , or (2) have been established by custom.
Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday and the worker is not granted another day off.
The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B -5) is limited to a
statistical measure of vacation provisions.
It is not intended as a
measure of the proportion of workers actually receiving specific bene­
fits. Provisions of an establishment for all lengths of service were
tabulated as applying to all plant or office workers of the establish­
ment, regardless of length of service.
Provisions for payment on
other than a time basis were converted to a time b a sis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equiv­
alent of 1 week's pay.
Only basic plans are included. Estim ates
exclude vacation bonus and vacation-savings plans and those which
offer "extended" or "sa b b a tica l" benefits beyond basic plans with
qualifying lengths of service. Such exclusions are typical in the steel,
aluminum, and can industries.
Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B -6) in­
clude those plans for which the employer pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m ercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan if
the m ajority of employees was eligible to be covered under the plan,
even if less than a m ajority elected to participate because employees
were required to contribute toward the cost of the plan.
Legally
required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social security,
and railroad retirement were excluded.

Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured during illness or accident disability.
Information is
presented for all such plans to which the employer contributes. How­
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
ever, in New York and New Jersey, which have enacted temporary
pension plans (tables B -4 through B -6) are treated statistically on
disability insurance laws which require employer contributions, plans
are included only if the employer (l) contributes m ore than is legally
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
required, or (2) provides the employee with benefits which exceed the
2
An establishm ent was considered as having a p olicy if it m et either of the follow ing con­
requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are
ditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it ( l ) h a d operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in w ritten form for operating
late shifts.




3

contributions.

The tem porary disability laws in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer

3
limited to form al plan s4 which provide full pay or a proportion of the
w orker's pay during absence from work because of illn ess. Separate
tabulations are presented according to (l) plans which provide full pay
and no waiting period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay
or a waiting period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions
of workers who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid
sick leave, an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive
either or both types of benefits.
4

An establishm ent was considered as having a form al p lan if it established at lea st the
m inim um number of days of sick lea ve a v a ila b le to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
w ritten, but inform al sick le a v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b asis, were excluded.




Major medical insurance includes those plans which are de­
signed to protect employees in case of sickness and injury involving
expenses beyond the coverage of basic hospitalization, m edical, and
surgical plans. Medical insurance refers to plans providing for co m ­
plete or partial payment of doctors' fees.
Dental insurance usually
covers fillings, extractions, and X -r a y s .
Excluded are plans which
cover only oral surgery or accident damage.
Plans may be under­
written by com m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations
or they may be paid for by the employer out of a fund set aside for
this purpose. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide regular payments for the remainder of the
w orker's life.

4

T a b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in O m ah a, N e b r.—Io w a ,1
by m ajor industry d ivision ,2 S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0
N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

M inim um
em ploy m en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
of stu dy

Within sc o p e
o f stu d y *

Stu d ied

Studied

T o t a l4
P lan t

N um ber

P ercen t

O ffice
T o t a l4

438

150

88, 499

100

55. 559

18. 210

60, 230

50

131
307

53
97

34, 228
54, 271

39
61

26, 868
28, 691

2, 941
15, 269

25, 666
34, 564

50
50
50
50
50

48
58
106
40
55

21

14
26
15

16,
6,
16,
9,
6,

18
7
19

A ll d iv is io n s -----------------------------------------M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu rin g----------------------------------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and
oth er p u blic u t ilit ie s 5----------------------------W h olesale t r a d e --------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------F in an c e , in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -- --S e r v ic e s 8------------------------------------------------

W o rk ers in e sta b lis h m e n ts
Within sc o p e o f stu dy

21

234
002
596
067
372

10

7

7, 311
(‘ )
(6 )
(*)
(&)

4, 662
(6 )
(6 )
(‘ )
(4 )

13,
2,
9,
6,
2,

790
005
476
369
924

1 The O m ah a S tan d ard M etro p o litan S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s defin ed by the B u r e a u o f the B u d get through Ja n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f D o u g la s and S a rp y C o u n ties, N e b r .; and P o ttaw attam ie County,
Iow a.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y " e s t im a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a so n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the su r v e y . The
e s t im a t e s a r e not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r iso n with o th e r em ploy m en t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em ploy m en t tr e n d s o r le v e ls sin c e ( l ) planning of w age su r v e y s
r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lis h m e n t d a ta co m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in ad v a n c e of the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e o f the su r v e y .
1
T h e 1967 ed itio n of the S tan d ard In d u str ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an ual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u str y d iv isio n .
3 In c lu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts with to ta l em p loy m en t a t o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r ie s a s tr a d e , fin an c e, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re t h e a t e r s a r e c o n sid e re d a s 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In c lu d es e x ecu tiv e, p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th er w o r k e r s ex clu d ed fro m the se p a r a t e p lan t and o ffic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n tal to w a te r tra n sp o r ta tio n w ere ex clu d ed . A b b re v iate d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
O m a h a 's g a s and e le c t r ic u t ilit ie s a r e m u n icip ally
o p e ra te d and a r e ex clu d ed by d efin itio n fro m the sc o p e of the stu d y.
8
T h is in d u stry d iv isio n i s r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m an u fac tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n
o f d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n i s not m ad e fo r one o r m o re of the follow in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p loy m en t in the d iv isio n i s too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d a ta to m e r it s e p a r a t e stu dy, (2) the sa m p le w as not
d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a t e p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su ffic ie n t o r in ad eq u ate to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u al e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
7 W o rk ers fro m th is e n tire in d u stry d iv isio n a r e r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m an u fac tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s, but fr o m the r e a l e sta te p o rtio n only in e s t im a te s
fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n of d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n i s not m ad e fo r one o r m o re o f the r e a s o n s giv en in footn ote 6 ab o v e.
8 H o tels and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and oth er p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O ver o n e -th ird o f the w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f the su r v e y in the O m ah a a r e a w ere
em ploy ed in m a n u factu rin g f i r m s .
The follow in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s and
s p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u factu rin g:
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u st r ie s

F o o d and k in d red p r o d u c t s ------ 29
E le c t r ic a l eq u ip m en t and
su p p lie s------------------------------ 22
M ach in ery , ex cep t
e le c t r ic a l----------------- --------- 10
F a b r ic a t e d m e ta l
p r o d u c t s ----------------------------- 6
P r in tin g and p u b lish in g ----------- 6

C o m m u n icatio n equ ipm en t----- ...1 9
M ea t p r o d u c ts-----------------------...1 2
G e n e r a l in d u str ia l
m a c h in e ry --------------------------— 5

T h is in fo rm a tio n i s b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o ta l em p loy m en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r se
m a t e r ia ls co m p iled p r io r to a c tu a l su r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u str y d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a se d on the r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y a s shown in tab le 1 ab o v e.

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a m easure of wages at a given tim e, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys.
These estim ates are m easures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

shows the percentage change.
The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each y e a r's relative by the
previous y ear's index.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtim e.
For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.
Limitations of Data

Method of Computing
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (1) general salary and
wage changes, (2) m erit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work fo rces.
Sim ilarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em ­
ployment in the occupational group;
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and wom en):
B ookkeeping-m achine
operators, class B
C lerks, accou n tin g, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
M essengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k illed m ain ten ance (m en):
Continued
Carpenters
Secretaries
E lectrician s
Stenographers, general
M achinists
Stenographers, senior
M echanics
Sw itchboard operators, classes
M echanics (au tom otive)
A and B
Painters
Pipefitters
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
Tool and die m akers
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (m en):
Industrial nurses (m en and
Jan itors, porters, and
cleaners
women):
Laborers, m a teria l handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtim e.
Where n ecessary, data were adjusted tcj remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were m ulti­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group were totaled.
The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year.
The resultant relative, less 100 percent,




5




T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s

O m a h a , N e b r .—Io w a , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0

an d s tra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d

A l l in d u s t r i e s
P e rio d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

an d S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

in

p e rio d s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in te n a n ce
tra d es
(m e n )

n

114. 9
109. 1

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
cle r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
nu rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in te n a n ce
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

(* )
(2 )

113. 1
109. 3

118. 0
107. 8

( 2)
( 2)

144. 1
1 2 7 .4

144. 7
122 . 6

I n d e x e s (O c t o b e r 1 9 6 7 :1 0 0 )
S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------------------S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------------------

114. 1
109. 1

n

117. 3
108. 1
In d e x e s (O c t o b e r

S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------------------O c t o b e r 1 9 6 7 _ ---------------------------------------------------------------

1 3 9 .9
122 . 6

n
n

145. 2
126. 3

144. 1
122. 9

116. 7
109. 3
1960=100)
139. 1
119. 2

P e rce n ts o f ch an ge 1
S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 t o S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 ----------------------O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 t o S e p t e m b e r 1 96 9:
11 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e -------------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e --------------------------------------O ctob er*
O ctob er
O ctob er
O cto b e r
O cto b e r
O cto b e r
O ctob er
O cto b e r

1
2
3
4

1967
196 6
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I9 6 0

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

O ctob er
O ctob er
O ctob er
O cto b e r
O cto b e r
O cto b e r
O cto b e r
O ctob er

1 9 6 8 --------------------------------1 9 6 7 --------------------------------1 9 6 6 --------------------------------1 9 6 5 --------------------------------1 9 6 4 --------------------------------1 9 6 3 --------------------------------1 9 6 2 --------------------------------1 9 6 1 ---------------------------------

4. 6

n

5. 3

8. 5

6. 8

(2 )

3. 5

9. 5

2 .9
3. 2

(2 )
(2 )

3 5. 3

2. 9

2. 8

5. 8

3. 2

3. 1

(2 )
(2 )

4 .9
5 .4

3. 6
3. 9

6.0

t2 )
t2 )
(2 )
(2 )
3. 0
3. 6
1. 6
(2 )

3 3. 6
6. 5
2.6

4.
5.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
4.

4.
4.
2.
.
2.
4.
2.
3.

3.
4.
2.
1.
2.
3.
2.

1
6
6
8
2
6
7

1.
3.
2.
2.
4.

5
2
9
6
4

5.
3.
3.
4- .
2.
4.
2.
5.

1
7
6
3
6
1
0
3

6. 3
3.
3.
1.
2.

1
4
2
0

(!)
(2 )
(2 )
(2 )
( 2)

1.6

C)

3. 4
3. 2

(2)
(2)

2
4
3
8
4
7
7
3

A l l c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d i c a t e d .
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
R e v is e d e s tim a te .
T h i s d e c r e a s e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s r a t h e r th a n w a g e d e c r e a s e s .

NOTE:
P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r th e O m a h a a r e a u s e d O c t o b e r I 9 6 0 a s th e b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d t o th e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v i d i n g t h e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g in d e x n u m b e r s f o r
O c t o b e r 196 7 o n t h e O c t o b e r 1 9 6 0 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
( T h e r e s u l t s h o u ld b e m u l t i p l i e d
b y 1 0 0 .)

1
3
9
8
6
4
1
7

7

A.

O c c u p atio n al earnings

T a b le A-1

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , O m aha, N e b r —Iow a, S e p te m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

of

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s 03
I

Average
weekly

workers

S
60

Mean*

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

I
65

M
EN
100
26
74
35

40.5
40.0
41.0
41.5

$
135.50
136.50
135.00
137.00

$
134.00
134.00
134.00
134.50

$
$
1 26.50-149.00
1 24 .00 -1 55 .50
1 27.00-148.00
1 31.50-145.50

111.50

111.50

1 00.00-128.00

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B

A9

CLERKS,

ORDER----------------------------

26

40.0

135.50

132.50

60
47

40.0
40.0

99.50
100.50

95.00
100.00

8 9 .5 0-11 0.0 0
8 7 .5 0-11 1.5 0

80

$
85

s

S
90

95

$
100

$
105

110

S
S
$
$
115 120 125 130

$

*

t

140

150

S
160

$
170

$
180

190
and

70

-

-

-

-

-

-

75

80

85

90

95

100

1

-

3

-

7

1

105

A

1

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

3
2
1
1

3
2
1

7
2
5
~

A
A
-

15
6
9
4

22
2
20
16

21
3
18
13

16
5
11
1

2

3

1

7

A

10

-

3

-

110

8

2

3

A

2
2

2
2

"

3
3

“

*

“

3
3

.

_

-

36
17
19
5

3

122.50-146.00

o
o

CLERKS,

S
75

and
under
65

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

S
70

-

-

10

-

190 o v e r

170

180

3
3
-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

~

“

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

22
6
16
7

5
3
2
1

A
3
1
1

_
-

_
-

_

-

*

-

A
1
3

-

_
-

"

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

_

*

W
OMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

~

_

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

115
29
86

40.0
40.0
40.0

84.00
95.50
80.00

83.00
92.50
81.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

298
52
246
81

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

116.00
127.00
113.50
120.00

116.50
131.00
115.50
118.50

1 03 .00 -1 28 .50
1 13 .50-139.50
1 02 .00-125.50
1 15 .50-127.00

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

411
95
316

39.5
40.0
39.5

90.50
94.00
89.50

88.50
93.00
87.00

8 0.0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 2.50-105.00
7 9 .5 0 - 97.00

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

46
41

39.5
39.5

101.50
101.00

97.50
96.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

270
252

40.0
40.0

84.50
84.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

172
164

39.5
39.5

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

109
30
79

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

~

7 7 .0 0 84.5 07 4.0 0-

90.50
99.00
85.50

10

-

-

"

14

10

_

-

14
14

5

-

5

-

_

5
5

13
1
12

19
n
8

A
3
1

3
2
1

6

11
2
9
3

25
1
24
1

35
2
33
6

-

6

7
6

_

_
-

i
i

-

-

23
A
19
A

25
6
19
3

50
4
46
34

21
3
18
7

u

8

36
5
31

13
8
5

7
A
3

-

5
A

2
2

i
i

A

1
1

_

_

A

*

*

31
31

-

-

25
1
24
9

16

28
10
18

_

15
15

_

-

5
5

7
5

l
*

2
1

3
3

77
75

68
68

25
25

18
16

26
18

7
6

3
2

6
2

-

6A
56

ii
ii

7
7

_

1
1

9

8

6
2
A

31
10
21

1
1
*

3
3
“

8
6
2

5
5

2
2
“

i
i
-

2
2
~

2
2

_

_

_

_

*

*

-

-

14
1
13

7

14
11
3

8
i

4

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

6
i
5

_

A

7

2
2

_

A
3

-

3
1
2

“

2
2
“

3
-

8
8

6
6

1
1
*

-

-

3

A
i

3

18

22

_

-

_

_

-

-

3

2

18

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

78.50
78.00

7 4.0 07 3 .5 0 -

91.00
89.00

i
i

8
8

69.50
69.50

69.50
69.00

6 4.5 06 4 .5 0 -

73.00
73.00

47
47

42
42

40.0
40.0
40.0

96.50
110.00
91.00

100.00
107.50
91.00

8 2.5 0-10 4.5 0
101.50-118.50
7 7.5 0-10 2.5 0

10

A

A

-

-

10

A

A

5
i
A

93
36
57

40.0
40.0
40.0

114.50
116.00
114.00

113.50
120.00
112.00

1 03.50-124.50
104.00 -1 24 .50
103.00-125.50

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

106
40
66

40.0
40.0
40.0

95.50
96.00
95.50

90.50
97.00
79.50

7 5.00-107.50
8 4.50-103.50
7 3.00-127.00

-

_

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

262
78
184

39.5
39.5
40.0

103.50
101.00
104.50

100.00
100.00
101.00

9 3.50-111.00
9 7.00-104.00
9 0.00-115.00

_

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

261
39
222

40.0
40.0
40.0

85.50
88.00
85.00

84.50
88.00
83.50

7 7 .5 0 8 2.5 077.0 0-

-

-

38

-

-

9

8

2
1
1

6
1

6
3

10
3

3

2
2

11
5

5

6

7

8
i
7

10

6

10

8

6

9

7
5

i

9

7

i

2

5

i

i

3
3

i

27

57
34
23

39
23
16

23
16

22
5
17

32

6

A

1

i
5

3
1

1

1

16
4
12

i

19
19

26
1
25

A0
5
35

20
20

62
60

38
15
23

1

3

8
2
6

28
1
27

9

-

2

6

21
A

2

12
3

26

30

30

9

7

2
2

-

25

_




12
10

6A
12
52

_

-

2
~

50
14
36

8 4 .0 0-11 7.0 0
8 3.5 0-11 8.0 0

~

1
1

67
6
61

38

~

15
7

A6
12
3A

17
9
8

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

34
8
26

-

3

8
8

-

14

-

3

93.50
95.00
93.50

8
8

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n an d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in du st r y di v is i on , Om aha , Ne b r.—Iowa, S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Se x , o cc u pa t io n , and in du str y d i v is io n

Number
of
woikers

N u m b e r 6 i w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ea rn in gs of—
$
60

weekly
M ean2

M edian2

t

$
65

t
70

t
75

80

$

85

»

90

t

95

t

ICO

$

105

t

110

ft

125

t

130

$

140

t

150

t

160

$

170

S

180

190
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

25
25

57
57

31
31

6
6

27
22

2
2

4
3

-

1
1

2
1

_

_
-

1
-

_

-

8
2
6
“

63
29
34
3

53
31
22
6

51
21
30
8

98
28
70
9

55
23
32
13

51
20
31
15

3

_
*

1
1
*

i
i
-

2

3

2

2

-

3
3

27
10
17

34
22
12
3

21
4
17
4

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

65
20
45
15

55
27
28
10

43
7
36
7

97
42
55
23

80
22
58
31

38
10
28
16

19
10
9
5

11
1
10
4

6
i
5
2

6
2
4
i

6
2
4

2
1
1

7
7
-

4
i
3

15
13
2

4
i
3

3

8
5
3

_
-

3

5
1
4

4
i
3

4
i
3
2

7
6
1

13
6
7

23
13
10
4

15
6
9

50
15
35
9

27
1
26
8

14
1
13
12

9
3
6
5

2
1
1
-

53
13
40
1

16
6
1C
5

13
4
9
3

31
9
22
6

9
3
6
i

18

20
9
n
7

45
17
28
22

20
8
12
4

12
5
7

4
3
i

C0NTINUE0
$
7 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

$
7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

.5
.5
.5
.0

119.50
116.50
12 1.00

116.50
113.50
11 8.00
1 2 9.00

10 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

*

*

-

3 9 .5

140.50

_

_

_

-

137.00
1 4 3.50

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

_

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

136.50
136.00
142.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
4

1 3 1.0
125.0
134.0
1 4 6.0

131.50
1 2 3.50

1
1
1
1

0
0
0
0

_

_

1

-

-

~

1

-

9 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

-

_

-

_

11 3.00
13 6.50

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

10 6.50
10 2.00
10 9.50

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

8
8
8
8

-

-

1

~

-

1

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

166
159

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

800
296
504
168

39
39
39
40

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ' --------------------*
—
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

65
34

SECRETARIES* CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

205
63

SECRETARIES. CLASS C -------------------- r—
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------- ---NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

320
111
209
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 6.50
1 2 9.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

210
88
122

39 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

107.00
104.50
1 0 8.50

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES ---------------------------

146
26
120
46

4
4
3
4

31

142

44

9
9
9
0

.5
.0
.5
.0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

0
0
9
0

.0
.0
.5
.0

129.00

0
0
0
0

135.50
1 4 9.00

1 1 6.00
1 1 5.00

1 1 1.00
1 0 8.50

9
9
9
9

4
6
4
9

.5
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

9
9
9
9

3
0
4
5

.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

$
6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

1
1
2
3

8
4
1
5

6
5
6
9

.0
.0
.0
.5

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

-1
-1
-1
-1

$
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

4
3
4
5

0
0
0
0

3
5
6
8

2
4
2
8

.0
.0
.5
.0

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-

-

-

“

-

-

*

5
*

“
-

5

-

-

-

2

5
1
4
"

29
12
17

3
1
2

29
17
12

19
9
10

26
16
10

17
4
13

33
16
17

25
8
17

19
4
15

16
4
12

26
7
19
4

31
6
25
10

18
4
14
10

24
1
23
4

13
3
10
3

12

6

-

-

12
7

6
3

4
1
3
3

_
-

12
12
3

21
21
9

19
19
10

21
17
12

16
13
10

23
22
8

30
18

-

-

-

-

*

-

4
2
1

13
13

30
30

8
8

12
12

4
4

1
1

ii
10

2
1

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

15

16

“

1
14

10

3
3
“

16
10
6

22
2
20

24
10
14

5

*

41
1
40

3
2

3
2
1

3
1
2

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

11
11

10
10

5

“

5

1
1

2
2

2
2

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 8 1 .0 0 -

-

9 5 .5 0
1 0 0.00
9 4 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

8 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 -

-

18
4
6
-

6
4
3
1
1

-

-

-

-

35
17
2

65
57
50

8
7

1
1

-

7

i

-

-

7
4

i
_

-

4
i
3
-

-

“

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

_
-

5

2
2
-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

3

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

1
1

285
220
113

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

117.00
116.00
1 1 9.50

11 9.50
1 1 6.00
13 0.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

91
89

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

7 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 2 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION IS TS MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

156

44

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

9 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

112

3 9 .5

8 8 .5 0

8 4 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 C 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 8 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

38
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

159
153

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

292
69
223

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

217
197

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

See fo ot n ot es at end o f ta bles,

1

11
11

i
i

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------------------




$

120

and
under

Middle range2

(standard)

W EN OM

$

115

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
10 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

9 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

-

-

_

_

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

5
5

*

”

-

-

1
1

5
5

6
6

25
25

12
12

16
16

31
29

27
26

20
20

3
3

3
3

4
2

1
1

1
1

4

4
-

25
-

37
-

4

5

26

24
20

3
2

3
1

-

8
2
6

3

24

25
18
7

5

37

33
11
22

44

25

38
2
36

29

4

-

7 8 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

_

6

-

26
10
1

21
21

77
75

19
17

22
18

8
8

10
9

5

9
6

1
1

44

41

5

5

4

-

-

3

26

-

1
3
1
2

_

_

_

-

-

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w ee kl y ho ur s and e a rni ngs f o r se l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a re a b a s is by in du str y di v is i on , Omaha, N e b r. —
Iow a, Se pt e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Se x , o cc u pa t io n , and indu stry div isi on

Number
of
workers

Numbe r of w o r k e r
t

%
Average
weekly

80
M ean2

M edian2

$

*
90

100

t

S

no

120

$
130

r e c e iving straight - t i m e wee sly ea rni ngs of—
$

t
140

150

$
160

»
170

s

$
180

190

200

s
210

$

S
220

230

s

t
240

250

s
260

$
270

and
under

Middle range2

(standard)

90

280

and
100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2 30

240

250

260

270

280

ove r

M
EN

O

O

29

$
1 5 2 .0 0

$
1 4 7 .5 0

$
$
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

56
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

58
48

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 8 3 .0 0

i
17n* >0
• *-n

'

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

A
16
14

9

1

13
12
28
23

14

3
8
8

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
??

3 9 .5

1 6 6 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

11
11

6

11
10

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS*
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0

60

1 6 6 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

62
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 2 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0

2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 7 .5 0

2 2 1 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0
2 2 2 .0 0 -2 6 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 0 1 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
CW • J \J i-7 « .-P A 1 8 6 . 0 0 - 2 2 5 . 0 0
X
V

o
o
>r

1 8 5 .0 0

2

12

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
1
1

3

6
6

5

9
9

10

8
6

8

J

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

76
. r-r r~A r a.
*

a

r-

r.

/ /
' 0 0

139

00

1 8 7 .5 0

,0
/
1 '1

1

I

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

,

2

cl
/

1
1

00

l
i

8

5

7

3

8

6

1
15

2

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ------

See footn ot es at end o f tables




26

*
o
o

u.u

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 4 6 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1
1

1U-*T.UU
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

1
2

q

u

6
6
15

2

i

9

J

6

n

16

8

W
OMEN

3 9 .5

14
14

2

1 6 7 .0 0 -1 9 1 .5 0

43

5

8

2

2
1

2

5

n

2
5

4

43

44

1

_

3

8

7

1

6
6

1

8

8

10

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , professional, and tech nical o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en com bined

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w ee kl y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in du str y d i v is i o n , Om aha, N e b r I o w a , S e p t em b er 1970)

Number

of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings *
(standard] (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

62
49

o o
o o
^ >■
*

$
99.50
100.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINf OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

115
29

o o o
o o o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

Average

84.00
95.50
80.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

398
78
320
116

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

130.00
118.50
125.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

460
115
345

40.0
40.0
39.5

92.50
95.50
91.50

86

54
49

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

274
256

39.5
39.5
o o
o o
* 4-

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —

121.00

107.00
107.50
85.00
84.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

172
164

39.5
39.5

69.50
69.50

CLERKS, OROER ----------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

135
34
101

40.0
40.0
40.0

104.00
112.50

101.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

116
41
75
35

40.0
40.0
40.5
41.0

119.00
117.50
119.50
133.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

112
40
72

40.0
40.0
40.0

95.00
96.00
94.50

266
78
188

39.5
39.5
40.0

104.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

264
39
225

40.0
40.0
40.0

86.00
88.00

101.00

-




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Number

O cc upa tio n and industry di v isi on

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED
$
77.00
77.00

-

184
176
25

40.0
40.0
40.0

SECRETARIES -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----

810
297
513
177

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

120.00 TYP ISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------

67
35
32

39.5
39.5
39.0

141.50
138.00
145.00

213
63
150
52

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0

131.50
125.00
134.00
145.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES •

101.00
117.00
121.50
130.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

320
111
209
60

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

116.00
115.00
116.50
129.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

210
122

39.5
39.0
40.0

107.00
104.50
108.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

156
26
130
50

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

96.50
96.50
96.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

286
221
114

40.0
40.0
40.0

117.00
116.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

92
90

41.5
41.5

78.00
77.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

156
44

39.5
39.5
39.5

91.50
99.00
88.50

88

120.00

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

159
153

39.5
39.5

$
92.00
91.50

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

293
70
223

39.5
40.0
39.5

96.00
100.00
94.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

218
198

39.5
39.5

80.00
79.00

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS A ------

30

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------

99
85
37

40.0
40.0

128.50
130.00
138.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

60
49

39.5
39.5

108.50
110.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS.
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

63
58

39.5
39.5

183.00
183.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

82
68

40.0
40.0

159.50
161.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

64
63

40.0
40.0

241.00
241.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

68
68

40.0
40.0

201.00
201.00

40.0

151.50

40.0
40.0

76

40.0

185.00

83
36

40.0
40.0

122.50
1 2 2 . 5 0 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------------

144.50
137.00

73

40.0

121.00

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS ------------------

38
38

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

112

105.00
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

102.00

Weekly
hours 1
(standard]

of

CONTINUED

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSJNONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

134

176.00

40.0

146.50

85.50
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------- -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

See footnote at end o f t a bl e s.

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

of

O
o
*

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

Average

Number

O cc upa tio n and industry d iv is io n

o
o

Average
Occu pa tio n and ind ustry di v is i o n

49
49

40.0
40.0

96.00
9 6 . 0 0 NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

26

11
T a b le A -4 .

M ain ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t o ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , O m aha, N e b r —Iow a, S e p te m b e r 1970)

o

$
3 .1 C

$
3 .2 C

$
3 .3 0

s
3 . A0

.50

t

2 .5 C

.00

.1 0

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3.4 0

3.5 0

3.6 0

i

2
2

-

28
7

27

8
6

i
-

2
2

-

-

8
8

5
4

2
2

2.7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

-

*

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

*

s
3 .8 0

3.7 0

3.8 0

3 .9 0

1
1

-

-

12
12

1
1

11
10

16
16

1A
3
ii
3

5
3
2

38
28
1C
*

32
32
22

-

-

1

-

13
13
~

6

f---

12

6
6

$
3 .9 0

$

$
$
A . 20 4 . 4 0

$
4 .6 0

$

4 .4 0

4.8 0

12
12

%

i

00
o

Middle range ^

3 .6 0

$
3.7 0

.00

5.2 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

over

and
under
o
CJ
N

*
o
o

Mean ^ Median^

2 .8 0

-

Under

i

o
o
>r

of
workers

$
2.7 0

2 .6 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
2 .6 0

>>
£

o

Numb er o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g st r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly ea r nings
$
2 .5 0

*

Hourly earnings^

4 .6 0

M
EN

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

81
25

$
3 .6 0
3 .8 2

$
3 . 3A
3 .A 7

$
3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

$
3.AA
A.A8

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

108
92

A . 07
3 .9 7

3.7 8
3.7 5

3 .4 8 3 .4 6 -

4 .4 5
4.4 3

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES -----------

18 A
96
88
29

3 .7 2
3.8 7
3 .5 6
3.6 5

3 .6 1
3.5 8
3.6 3
3.6 5

3.A 13 .A A 3 .3 9 3 .6 2 -

3.8 7
A.A1
3.7 0
3.6 9

_

_

-

-

_
~
-

2
2

5
5

16
1A
2

6
6
-

1
1

27

3 . A3

3 .5 9

2 .5 3 -

A . 25

*6

3

2

-

-

l

-

-

1

3 .A 2
3.3 5
3.5 2
3.5 3

-

7
7
*

1
1
*

_
-

FIREMEN,

STATIONARY BOILER

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

71
30
A1
36

3.0 9
3 .0 2
3.1 5
3.1 9

3.0 8
3.0 8
3 .0 9
3 .2 5

2 .7 8 2 .6 A 2 .8 0 2 .9 3 -

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------

75
65

A . 06
4.0 0

A . 29
3.6 8

307
59
2A8
233

A . 03
3 .7 8
4.0 9
4.1 0

3.7 7
3 .5 9
3.7 8
3 .7 7

3 .6 3 3 .A 53 .7 0 3 .6 9 -

A . 68
A . 32
A . 81
A . 82

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

311
303

3 .8 0
3 .7 8

3.6 6
3.6 6

3 .2 7 3 .2 7 -

A . 39
A . 25

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

50
40

4.2 8
A . 29

4 .2 9
A. 36

3 .6 0 3 .5 7 -

A.A9
A . 56

_

3 . 5 5 - A.A7
3 . 5 A - A.A6

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

~
-

*

A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 2 .1 0 to $ 2 .2 0 .

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




2
2
-

12
1
11
8

2
~
2
1

1
1
~
*

15
6
9
9

8
8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

”
_

-

-

_
“

-

_

"

*

30
28

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

9
9

21
21

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

4
4

2
2

15
7

8
8

4
4

7
7

1
1

9
A

5
4
i
-

18
18
4

5
4
i

-

10
id
-

8
8
~

i
i

-

12
12

A
A

-

-

-

5

4

*

-

4

-

-

5

-

-

-

*

1
1

A
1

30
2A

2
2

3
3

-

10
2
8

8
i
7

11
7
4
4

9
6
3
3

23
2
21
21

67
2
65
65

5

_

6
i

1

8
i
7
7

3
2
1
l

19
6
13
13

4
4
-

33
1A
19
19

2A
3
21
21

81
5
76
76

_

53
53

2
2

12
12

26
26

38
38

16
16

10
10

14
1A

17
17

7
6

27
27

26
26

12
12

12
7

2
2

1
1

10
10

-

-

_

1
1

2
2

17
7

9
9

5
5

-

3
3

-

3
3
3

12
T a b le A -5 .

C u s to d ia l

and

m a te ria l

m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , O m aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, S e p te m b e r 1970)
N um be r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g st r a ig h t -t i m e hour y earn in gs of-

Hourly earnings^

s
1.6 0

workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$
1 .8 0

$
1.9 0

s
1
2 . CO 2 . 1 0

2.2 0

S
2.3 0

1.7 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

V
1.70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2.3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

151
7

140
“

41
i

1 A0

2
2

2
2

4

Unde
S
and
i 6C under

$

S
2 .6 0

$
2.7 0

S
2 .8 0

$
2.9 0

$
3 .0 0

t
3 .20

2 .60

2 .7 C

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .AO 3 . 6 0

10
“

6
6

11
1

7
1

*
$
2 . AO 2 .50

«
$
3 . AO 3 . 6 0

3.8 0

$
3.8 0

s
$
$
A . 00 A . 20 4 . 4

A.OC A . 20 A.AO 4 . 6

M
EN

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN--------■.--------------------*
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

592
75

$
2.0 0
2.8 9

$
1 .8 1
3.0 6

$
$
1 . 7 0 - 1.98
2 .A A- 3.3 8

“

26

2.5 0

2.6 3

1 .7 0 -

3.3 5

-

7

PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s ---------------------------

1, A13
250
1,163
57

1.9 9
2.6 0
1.8 6
2 .8 0

1.79
2.6 8
1.77
2.8 6

1 .7 2 2 .2 2 1 .7 1 2 .6 1 -

2.0 8
2.9 6
1 .9 1
3.0 7

36

188
9
179
2

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANOLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

94R
A20
528

3 .0 7
3 .0 7
3.0 7

3 .0 8
2 .9 9
3.1 3

2 .7 3 2 .7 A 2 .6 9 -

3 .A 7
3.5 0
3 .A 7

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

594
131
A63

3.2 6
3.A 1
3.2 2

3 .A 8
3.2 9
3.5 0

3 .1 3 3 .1 A 3 .1 2 -

3.5 6
3.63
3.5 6

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

16A
133

2.9 7
3 .1 3

3 .2 1
3.2 3

2 .6 3 3 .0 9 -

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

96
76

3.1 5
3.1 2

3 .1 5
3 .1 2

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

58
34

3.1 6
3.0 2

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

67
A5

TRUCKORIVERS
-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

JANITORS,

36
-

~

3
3

12
11

1
1

19
12

27
12

7
7

-

1
1

8
8

-

i

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

6

3

-

-

-

-

528
3
525
*

158
35
123
“

69
i
68

99
u
88
2

18
1
17
4

30
16
IA
4

28
11
17
“

32
10
22
1

30
15
15
1

29
18
11
7

23
15
8
-

29
13
16
1A

54
52
2
2

17
4
13
13

25
23
2

3
3
3

10
7
3
3

7
6
i
i

_

-

i
-

28
6
22

31
27
4

16
10
6

20
9
ii

63
31
32

59
57
2

33
33
"

54
44
10

191
A7
1AA

48
46
2

250
A7
203

47
36
11

5
5

i

22
22
*

_

16
4
12

31
3
28

4
2
2

2
2

4
4

73
44
29

43
18
25

306
27
279

25
6
19

6
6

21
21

-

-

2
2

1
1

i
1

25
25

93
93

_

1
1

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

“

28
28

9
9

22
22

-

_

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

1

4

38

20

-

-

-

-

“

1

4

36

20

3.2 6
3.2 7

_

1
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

2A
4

5
5

9
i

2

-

3 .0 4 3 .0 3 -

3.4 6
3.A 7

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

i
i

_

6
6

-

-

2
1

-

2
2

46
37

7
i

15
13

7
7

2
1

1

2
2

3 . 1A
3 .1 5

2 .8 6 2 .5 0 -

3 .5 4
3.5 5

_

-

-

_

8
8

-

_

-

-

4
4

1
1

3
3

2

1A
1

i
i

17
11

_

4
4

1
1

-

*

3.0 2
3.1 1

2.9 8
3.0 2

2 .8 7 2 .9 5 -

3.1 3
3.1 5

_

-

-

6

-

i
i

1

_

7

3

20
20

15
15

5
4

-

2

“

“

i
1

2

“

4
4

1,318
392
926
250

3.4 6
3 .4 3
3 . A7
A . 23

3 .5 4
3.4 8
3 .5 5
4 .4 4

3 . 1 0 - 3.7 3
3 . 2 6 - 3.6 5
3 .0 7 - 3.7 7
A. AO - A.A7

5
1
4

153
36
117
4

125
59
66
23

3C
30

3
i
2

27
27

19

-

-

“

~

19
19

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

194
172

2.7 7
2 .7 A

2.5 6
2 .5 5

2 .3 5 2 .1 9 -

3.2 9
3.31

3A
30

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

510
108
A02
12A

3.A 1
3 .2 8
3 .4 4
A . 02

3 .5 2
3.51
3 .5 3
A. A 1

3 .0 6 3 .0 2 3 .0 7 3 .7 1 -

3 .7 0
3.91
3 .6 0
A.A6

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

430
90
3A0
105

3.7 5
3 .3 7
3.8 5
A. A3

3.6 3
3.A1
3.71
4.4 5

3 .5 0 3 .2 9 3 .5 7 4 .4 3 -

A.3A
3.A 7
A.A2
4 .4 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

IB A
172

3 .6 3
3 .6 2

3.6 3
3.6 2

3.A 73 .A 6-

3.6 9
3 .6 8

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

-

*
-

-

-

-

_

4

1

7

9

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

7

9

7

_

_
~

_

4

-

-

-

4

1
1

7
7

_

_

-

-

8
8

1
1

_
“

7
-

7

-

-

8
8

30

-

30

30
30

_
-

-

_
“

13
7
6

6
6

6
6
-

_

8
8

7
7

2
2

-

-

-

4
4

95
10
85

77
69

18
2
16

“

10
2
8

_
-

3
3
-

_

_

1

i

6

~

“

~

~

“

2
2

4
4

10
2
8

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

3A5
122
223
1

_

2A1
80
161
26

_

122
2A
98
4

33
5
28
23

16A
27
137
1

27
27
26

20
1
19

45
37
8

131
45
86

122
122

5
5

13
13

50
50

92
80

1

1

“

“

_

_

*

29
29
-

2
2

_
~

“

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

3
3
-

24
2A

2
2

7
7
7

10
10
10

13
T a b le A -5 .

Custodial and material m o v em e n t o cc u p atio n s -----Continued

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly e a rni ngs f o r s e l e c t e d oc c up a t io ns studied on an a re a b as is by in du str y d i v is io n,

Omaha, N e b r. —
Iowa, S e pt e m b e r 1970)
N um be r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings3

s

s

s

s

$

$

Under 1 . 6 0 1 . 7 0
$
and
1# 6 0 undei4

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2.3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0 2.8 0

2.9 0

3.0 0

3.2 0 3 .4 0

1.7 0

1 .9 0

2.0 0

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0 2 .9 0

3.0 0

3.2 0

3.4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

7
1
6

27
19
8

13
9
4

ii
n
“

37
36
1

48
48
"

16
16
~

62
7
55

65
52
13

129
52
77

4
2
2

22
12
10

48
46

7
-

1
1

9
9

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

t

Se x , o cc u pa t io n , and industry di vis io n
Median^

Middle range ^

$

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UT IL I T I E S ------------------PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------- NONMANUFACTURING ------------ ---------

See fo ot not es at end of tables,




323
303
46

$

3 .2 5
3 .2 2
3 .3 1

3 .3 1
3.3 1
3.5 0

3 .5 1
3 .5 6

3 .1 2 2 .8 5 -

1.8 9
1.8 7
2 .6 5

1 .7 5 1 .7 4 2 .0 1 -

2.0 8
2 .0 4
2.9 5

2 .3 7
2 .4 2
2 .3 0

2 .4 1
1.8 9
2 .5 3

1 .8 0 1 .7 6 2 .2 2 -

2 .5 9
3.1 5
2 .5 9

t

s

$

4 .1 8
4 .3 2

1.9 7
1.9 5
2.5 1

1.8 0

s

$
$
2 . 8 6 - 3 .5 5
2 .8 0 - 3.4 9
3 . 1 5 - 3 .5*

3 .4 8
3 .5 7

489
311
178

$

s

$

s

6
6

36
36

>3
52
7
14
14

31
31
6

20
16
2

11
3
1

$

*

I

$

I

*

*

4 .0 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0

4.2 0

4 .4 0

4.4 0

4.6 0

-

-

7
7

_

-

?

2

2

14

B.

E s ta b li s h m e n t practices and s u p p le m en t ar y w a g e provisions

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
I n e x p e rie n ce d typists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eekly str a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 4

B a s e d on standard w eek ly h o u r s 6 o f—

All
in dustries

All
schedules

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

------------------------------------- -------------

__

Other in ex p erien ced c l e r i c a l w ork er s
Non m anufactu rin g

40

All
schedules

M anufacturing
All
industries

All
schedules

40

Non manufactu rin g

Based on standard w eekly h o u r s 6 o f—
40

Al l
schedules

40

150

53

XXX

97

XXX

150

53

XXX

97

XXX

44

18

16

26

20

64

23

21

41

33

2
2
1

13

1
4

1
6

$ 9 2 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 _______________________________________
$ 9 5 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 _____________________ ____________ --

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ____________ —

3
2
3
3

2

1

3
1

-

1

18

88

$ 8 2 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ___________________________ ______ ____
$ 8 5 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
$ 8 7 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ---------------- ------------------------ — _ _ _

3
2
3
3

8
5
4
7
1
4
1
i
3
1
2
2

5
3
1

3
10

-

1
2
1
i
-

-

2
1

i
1

2
1

8

XXX

10

XXX

54

27

XXX

61

XXX

32

3
1

1
2
1
1

1
i
2

i
i
i

i
1
i

2
_

i

-

_

1

1

_

_

1

1

23

XXX

31

XXX

25

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h di d not e m p l o y w o r k e r s

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




xxx




15

T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

(L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s fo r m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y ty pe and a m ount o f pay d iff e r e n tia l,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t e m b e r 197 0)
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g - 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

L a te - s h if t pay p r o v is io n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r late shifts

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g on l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d s h i ft

Total

-----

--------------------------------------------------

T hird o r other
s h i ft

S e c o n d s h i ft

92.2

81.6

20.2

T hird o r other
shift

8 .1

3.6

0 .6

0 .6

0 .1

88.6

81.0

19.5

8.0

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ___________________

61.9

55.3

11.2

4.1

5 c e n t s ______________________________________
8 c e n t s __________________ _________________
9 c e n t s ________
__
_ _ _ _ ______
9 V2 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s ----------------------------------- ---- ---------12 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------I 2 V2 c e n t s __________ ______________________
13 c e n t s ________________________________ ___
14 c e n t s _____________________________________
1 5 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------- —
16 c e n t s _____________________________________
18 c e n t s ___________ ________ _________ ____
20 c e n t s ------ ---------___ ------------------ -2 2 V4 c e n t s .
— ----------------- ---- -----------

11.9
3.3
1.2
.7
2 5. 3
.6
4 .2
6 .8
6 .5

6 .3

_

1.5

.7
22.2
.3
2.0
2 .0
7.5
3 .7
2.6
2.2
4.1
1.5

3 .4
.5
.2
4 .8
.1
1.0
.2
.5
-

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _____ ____________________

2 6. 3

25.3

8.3

2.1
1.0
23.2

.8
1.3
23.2

.4

_

-

-

(8 )
7.9

3.9

.4

.4

(8 )

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ______
P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _________
T y p e an d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l :

5 p e r c e n t ___ _________________________ _ _
6 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------- ---7 V2 p e r c e n t
-------- ------------------ -------10 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------- -------- --O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

-

-

-

_
.5

-

-

2.2
(8 )

.2
.1
.3
.2
.4
.5
.1
-

3.9

-

16

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pl a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

W eekly hours
A ll industries

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 37V2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------3 8 V4 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------40 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 and u n d e r 45 h o u r s ------------------------------------45 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------4 7 V2 h o u r s _____________________________________________
4 8 h o u r s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ------ --------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e s .




M anufacturing

P u b l ic utilities

A l l in d u s t r i e s

M anufacturing

P u b lic utilities

100

100

100

100

100

3

3

-

-

-

-

1
4
5

81
3
6
1
7
1

86
1
7
2
2

3
1
1
91
1
2

100

(9 )

95
-

5
-

86
1
(9 )
2
(9 )

-

99
1
-

-

-

(9 )

-

17

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pla nt and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , O m a h a , iN e b r . - I o w a , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

Item
A ll in dustries

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa i d h o l i d a y s ------- ------------------ ------- ------------------ —
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no pa i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------

M anufacturing

P u b lic utilities

A l l in d u s t r i e s

M a nufacturing

P u b l ic utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

97

94

99

98

100

10

3

6

1

2

-

2
33
(9 )
1
8

(9 )
27

-

1
18

1
12
1
46
3
(9 )
1

N u m b er o f days
L e s s than 6 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------6 holidays
------------ ----------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s pl u s 1 h a lf d a y ------ ---------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s pl u s 2 h a lf d a y s _ ----------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s pl u s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s ------------------- -------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------1 1 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

(’ )
23
1
(9 )
C)

_
8

-

-

2
4

-

-

-

1
81

(9 )
27
2
2
13
3
2
42

-

C)

4

8

-

-

(?)

_

_

18
1
13
3
6
9
1
46
i

4
-

0

(9 )
i

(!)
(9 )
(9 )
8
8
52
55
70
72
97
98
98
99

i
i
2
48
49
64

(9 )

-

2
94
-

(9 )
-

'

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 10
12 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------- -------------1 1 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e
_ ___ _____ — - ---------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------- -------------8 72 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e . . -----_ _ -----------------------------------------l l/z d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ------------_ . _ --------- --------- _ _
6 7 2 d a y s o r m o r e ------ -------------- ------------------------------6 days or m o r e
----------------- ------------ - 4 d a y s o r m o r e ------------- -------------------------------------- -3 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________ ______________
1 da y o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e nd o f t a b l e s .




C )

1
2
25
25
45
45
54
54
87
87
89
90

1
1
4
50
51
64
64
70
70
96
96
97
97

-

4
4
85
85
86
86
94
94
94
94

67
80
80
98
98
98
98

-

(’ )
(9 )
94
94
96
96
100
100
100
100

18

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pl a nt a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

Omaha,

N ebr.-Iow a,

S e p t e m b e r 1970)

Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork ers

V acation p o lic y
A ll in dustries

A l l w o r k e r s ------ ----------------------------------------------------

M a nufacturing

P u b l ic utilities

A ll in dustries

M anufacturing

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

100

100
99
(9 )

100
100
-

100
100
-

100

100

100

99
96
4

100
94
6

98
98
-

~

2

20
8
1
1

38
9
1
1

1
7
2

2
33
10

-

(9 )

84
1
14
1
1

81
16
1
2

82
5
11
-

38
3
57
1
1

36
2
60
1
2

64
5
28
"
1

5
2
91
1
1

3
2
93
1
2

3
92
2
1

5
2
91
1
1

3
2
93
1
2

3
92
2
1

2
1
87
1
9

2
88
1
10

88
2
8

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L , e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------

n

■

Amount of vacation p a y 1
1
A fter 6 m onths of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------- -----O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------- __
O v e r 2 a nd u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

7
52
5
1

1
13
1

41
(9 )
59
(9 )
-

20
79
1

83
1
16

-

-

6

12
1
86
1

2
1
98

'

-

1
1
97
1

_

-

A fter 1 y ea r of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------- -- --------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----- -------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

After 2 y e a rs of s e r v ice
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

C )

93
(9 )
-

-

After 3 y e a rs of s e r v ice
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
(9 )
98
(9 )
-

99
1

-

A fter 4 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 week----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------ -------- ------------------ ----2 w e e k s -------- ----- --------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1
(9 )
98
(9 )
-

1
1
97
1

_
99
1

-

-

1
89
1
9

98
1
2

After 5 y e a rs of s e r v ice
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------S ee footn otes




at en d o f t a b l e s .

_

(9 )
(9 )
94
(9 )
5

_

19

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s -----C o n t in u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pla nt an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

V acation p o lic y
A ll industries

M anufacturing

P u b lic utilities

A l l in d u s t r i e s

M a nufacturing

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11— C o n t i n u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------ -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________ ________________
3 w e e k s ______________ . _____ __________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------- ---------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ ----------------------

2

2

_

32

27
-

8

(9 )
63

69

3
84

1

1

2

(9 )
(9 )

(9 )

-

1

-

(9 )
28

1
69
(9 )

i

21
75

_

1
98

1

1
2

-

-

-

-

1

1
11
10

_

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ______________________________________________ ____
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________ __________ ____
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------- -- ------------------------------

2

2

_

27

18
3
75

3
3
89

(9 )
24
3
71
(9 )

2
67

1

1

2

(9 )
(9 )

(9 )

-

1

2

75

1
98

1

1

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

(9 )

1

-

11
1
83

7
80

96

(9 )
3

1
10

(9 )
(9 )

-

2
1

1

-

1

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------- ----------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
--- -- ----------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------- -- ------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------ ---------------5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

_
81
3

(9 )

9
-

11
2

1

1

-

2

-

14
24

-

11

5
3
84

27

2
22
-

68
1
6

14
73

1

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------- -------------2 w e e k s ------------------ -- --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------- -----------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------- --------- -------- -- ----------------------------------------O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s
— -------------------- — __
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------- ---------------------------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
21
25
(9 )
45

-

50

1

1

2

5

8

(9 )

1

4
-

(9 )

1
58
(9 )

2
-

7
19
-

63

1
2
97

1

1

9
-

(9 )

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------ ----------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________

2
21

3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------- ----------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

16
(9 )
40

1
19

1

2
14
14
36

1
32

1

-

(9 )

1

11

7

2

14

12

3
75

1
57

45

(9 )
16

33

2
17
-

(9 )

1

1
1
72

1
26

1

-

1

-

M a x im u m vacation ava ila ble *

1 w e e k ____ ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________ ______________________
3 w e e k s _ _____________________ __________________ _ _ _
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------ -----------------5 w e e k s -------------- ----------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s -------- ------------------------------ -------------------------------*

2
21
16
(9 )
40

1
19

1

E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e i d e n t i c a l .

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s ,




2
14
14
-

36

1
32

1

-

2
3
75

2
17
-

(9 )

11

7

14
58

12

(9 )
16
(9 )

1
1

-

-

45

72

1
33

1

1
26
-

20

T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lth ,

in s u ra n c e , an d

p e n s io n

p la n s

(P e rc e n t of p lan t and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em ploy ed in e sta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
h ealth , in su ra n c e , o r p en sion b e n e fits, O m aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, S e p te m b e r 1970)
P lan t w o rk e rs
Type of b en efit and fin an cin g 12

A ll w o r k e r s------------------------------------------W o rk ers in e sta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g at
le a s t 1 of the b e n e fits shown b e lo w -------------L ife in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------N on con trib u tory p la n s -------------------------A c cid e n tal d eath and d ism e m b e rm e n t
in su r a n c e ---------------------------------------------N o n con tribu tory p la n s -------------------------S ic k n e ss and ac cid e n t in su ra n c e o r
sic k le a v e o r both 13------------------------------S ic k n e ss and ac cid e n t in su r a n c e -----------N o n con tribu tory p la n s __------------------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e rio d )---------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p ay o r
w aiting p e rio d )---------------------------------H o sp ita liz a tio n in su ra n c e --------------------- —
N on con tribu tory p l a n s -------------------------S u r g ic a l in su r a n c e ----------------------------------N on con trib u tory p l a n s -------------------------M ed ica l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p l a n s -------------------------M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------N on con trib u tory p l a n s -------------------------D en tal in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------N on con trib u tory p la n s -------------------------R e tire m e n t p e n s io n --------------------------------N o n con tribu tory p la n s -------------- -----------

See fo o tn otes at end of t a b le s .




A ll in d u str ie s

100

O ffice w o rk e rs

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

100

100

100

M an u factu rin g

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

96

99

98

99

99

100

89
56

99

97
63

99
54

100

66

98
92

63
44

69
50

85
82

65
43

81
49

97
96

98

76

91

46

95

92

99

62
36

79
52

27
19

41
26

78
55

6

12

10

8

71

45

93

5

22

30

22

9

23

2

90
54
91
54
89
53
81
46
5
4
63
53

99

98
89
98
89
95
85
95

97
51
98
51
96
51
94
52
4
4
74
60

99

100

66

99
66

99
66
88

58
4
4
81
70

86

13
13
43
40

68

95

99

100

68

99
67
96
64

95
99
95
100

95

-

2
2

89
60

45
42

21

Footnotes

All of these standard footnotes mayTiot apply to this bulletin.

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s of a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a t e sh o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n the r a t e sh o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g (h ir i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s t h a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e
s h i f t s , e v e n t h o u g h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
8 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d to the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l
o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s an d no h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on. P r o p o r t i o n s th e n
w e re cu m u lated.
11 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a l e n t
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k ' s p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
a n d do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
13 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y t h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l

D e s c rip tio n s

The p r im a r y p u rp o se of p re p a r in g jo b d e sc r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s i s t it s fie ld st a ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o p r ia te
o cc u p a tio n s w o rk e rs who a r e em ploy ed under a v a r ie ty of p a y r o ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork a r r a n g e m e n ts fro m e sta b lish m e n t to e sta b lish m e n t and
fro m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m its the gro u p in g of o cc u p a tio n al w age r a t e s re p r e se n tin g c o m p a ra b le job content. B e c a u se of th is e m p h a sis on
in te re sta b lish m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility of o cc u p a tio n al content, the B u r e a u 's job d e sc r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m th o se in u se in
in d ivid u al e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o se s. In applyin g th ese job d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m ists a r e in stru c te d
to ex clu d e w orkin g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicapp ed, p a r t- tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s.

O F F IC E
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B I L L E R , MACHINE

P o sitio n s a r e c l a s s if i e d into le v e ls on the b a s is of the follow in g d efin itio n s.

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e oth er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s o r sh ippin g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m other
c l e r ic a l w ork in c id en tal to b illin g o p e ra tio n s. F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m ach in e, a r e
c l a s s if i e d by type of m a ch in e, a s fo llo w s;

C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v isio n , p e r fo r m s acco u n tin g c l e r ic a l o p e ra tio n s which
r e q u ire the ap p lica tio n of e x p e rie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d or n o n rep etitiv e accou n tin g t r a n s a c t io n s , se le c tin g am ong a su b sta n tia l v a r ie ty of
p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s if i c a t io n s , o r tr a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s through p re v io u s
accou n tin g ac tio n s to d ete rm in e so u r c e of d i s c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is t e d by one o r m o re
c l a s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B il le r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (M oon H opk in s, E llio tt
F is h e r , B u rro u g h s, e t c ., w hich a r e com bin ation typing and adding m a ch in es) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s fro m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ippin g m e m o ­
ran d u m s, etc. U su a lly in v o lv es a p p lic a tio n of p re d e te rm in e d d isc o u n ts and sh ippin g c h a r g e s ,
and en try of n e c e s s a r y e x te n sio n s, which m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g m ach in e,
and to ta ls which a r e a u to m a tic a lly ac c u m u la te d by m ach in e. The o p eratio n u su a lly in v o lv es
a la r g e n u m ber of ca rb o n c o p ie s of the b ill bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fold
m ach in e.
B il le r , m ach in e (bookkeepin g m a ch in e ). U s e s a bookk eepin g m ach in e (S u n d stran d , E llio tt
F is h e r , R em in gton R and, e t c ., which m ay o r m ay not have ty p e w rite r k eyb oard) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b ills a s p a rt of the ac co u n ts re c e iv a b le o p eratio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv es the s im u lt a ­
n eous en try of fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o rd . The m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n um ber of v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s, and u su a lly p r in ts a u to m a tic a lly the
debit o r c re d it b a la n c e s. D oes not in volve a know ledge of bookk eep in g. W orks fro m u n iform
and sta n d a rd ty p es of s a l e s and c re d it s lip s .

C la s s B . U nder c lo se su p e r v isio n , follow in g d e ta ile d in str u c tio n s and sta n d a rd iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s, p e r fo r m s one o r m o re rou tin e acco u n tin g c l e r ic a l o p e r a tio n s, su ch a s p o stin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k sh e e ts w here id en tificatio n of ite m s and lo c a tio n s of p o stin g s a r e
c le a r ly in d icated ; ch eckin g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e ss of sta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d o c u m en ts; and coding d o cu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g co d es.
C L E R K , F IL E
C la s s A . In an e sta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m con tain in g a n u m ber of v a r ie d su b je c t m a tte r
f il e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d e xes file m a te r ia l su ch a s c o r r e sp o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te ch n ical d o c u ­
m e n ts, etc. M ay a ls o file th is m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p es in conjunction
with the f il e s . M ay lea d a s m a ll gro u p of lo w er le v e l file c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s, and file s u n c la ssifie d m a te r ia l by sim p le (su b je c t m a tte r) h e a d ­
in gs o r p a r tly c l a s s if i e d m a te r ia l by fin er su b h e ad in g s. P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la te d index and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s. A s r e q u e ste d , lo c a t e s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r ic a l t a s k s r e q u ire d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e file s .

O p e ra te s a bookkeepin g m ach in e (R em in gton R and, E llio tt F is h e r , S u n d stran d , B u rr o u g h s,
N atio n al C a sh R e g is t e r , with o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k eyb o ard) to k eep a r e c o r d of b u sin e ss
tra n s a c t io n s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s routin e filin g of m a te r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b een c l a s s if i e d or which
is e a s ily c l a s s if i e d in a sim p le s e r i a l c l a s s ific a t io n s y ste m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h ro n o lo g ic al,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e ste d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m ay fill out w ith draw al c h a r g e . P e r fo r m s sim p le c l e r ic a l and m an u al t a s k s r e ­
q u ire d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e file s .

C la s s A . K e e p s a se t of r e c o r d s re q u irin g a know ledge of and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic
bookkeepin g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the str u c tu r e of the p a r tic u la r accou n tin g sy ste m
u sed . D e te rm in e s p ro p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n of deb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each
p h ase of the w ork . M ay p r e p a r e c o n so lid a te d r e p o r ts , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and o th er r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a se s o r se c tio n s of a se t of r e c o r d s u su a lly
re q u irin g little know ledge of b a s ic bookkeepin g. P h a s e s o r se c tio n s in clu de ac co u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' ac co u n ts (not in clu din g a sim p le type of b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a ch in e), c o s t d istrib u tio n , ex p en se d istrib u tio n , in ven to ry c o n tro l, etc. M ay ch eck o r a s s i s t
in p re p a ra tio n of t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e co n tro l sh e e ts fo r the accou n tin g d ep artm en t.
C L E R K , ACCO UNTING
P e r f o r m s one o r m o re accou n tin g c l e r ic a l t a s k s su ch a s p o stin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts; v e rify in g the in te rn a l c o n siste n c y , c o m p le te n e ss, and m a th e m a tic a l
a c c u r a c y of accou n tin g d o c u m en ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d istrib u tio n c o d e s; exam in in g
and v e rify in g fo r c l e r ic a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s of r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s, p o stin g , e tc .;
o r p r e p a rin g sim p le o r a s s is t in g in p re p a rin g m o re c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s. M ay w ork
in e ith e r a m an u al o r au to m ated accou n tin g sy ste m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a know ledge of c l e r ic a l m eth ods and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w hich r e la t e s to the c l e r ic a l p r o c e s s in g and re c o rd in g of t r a n sa c tio n s and acco u n tin g in fo rm atio n .
With e x p e rie n c e , the w o rk er t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the bookkeepin g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u se d in the a s s ig n e d w ork , but is not re q u ir e d to have a know ledge of the fo r m a l
p r in c ip le s of bookkeepin g and accou n tin g.




NO TE:

S in ce the la s t su r v e y in th is a r e a ,

C L E R K , O R D ER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise by m a il, phone, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u ties in volve any co m b in atio n of the fo llo w in g: Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r
sh eet listin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and q u an titie s of ite m s on o r d e r
sh e e t; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e sp e c tiv e d e p a rtm e n ts to be fille d . M ay ch eck with c re d it
d ep artm en t to d ete rm in e c r e d it ratin g of c u sto m e r , ackn o w ledge r e c e ip t of o r d e r s fro m c u sto m e r s,
follow up o r d e r s to se e that they have been fille d , k eep file of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
C LER K , PA YRO LL
C o m p u tes w ag e s of com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y d ata on the p a y r o ll
sh e e ts. D u ties in v o lv e: C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s' e a r n in g s b a se d on tim e o r p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o stin g c a lc u la te d d ata on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo rm atio n such a s w o r k e r 's n am e, w orking
d a y s, tim e , r a te , ded u ctio n s fo r in su r a n c e , and to tal w a g e s due. M ay m a k e out p ay ch e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s. M ay u se a ca lc u la tin g m ach in e.

the B u r e a u h a s d isco n tin u ed c o lle c tin g d ata fo r o ile r s and p lu m b e r s.

22

23
C O M P T O M E T E R O PE R A T O R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

P r im a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m ete r to p e rfo r m m a th e m a tic a l co m p u tatio n s. T h is
job is not to be con fu sed with that of s t a t i s t i c a l o r oth er type of c le r k , w hich m ay involve f r e ­
quent u se of a C o m p to m ete r but, in w hich, u se of th is m ach in e is in c id en tal to p e r fo r m a n c e of
oth er d u ties.

or v e r ify

alp h ab etic

C la s s A . Work re q u ir e s the ap p lica tio n of e x p e rie n c e and ju dgm en t in se le c tin g p r o c e ­
d u re s to be follow ed and in se a rc h in g fo r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c tin g , o r coding ite m s to be
keypunched fro m a v a rie ty of so u rc e d ocu m en ts. On o c c a sio n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m so m e routine
keypunch w ork. M ay tra in in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s.
C la s s B . Work is routine and re p e titiv e . Under c lo se su p e r v isio n or follow ing sp e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in stru c tio n s, w ork s fro m v a rio u s sta n d a rd iz e d so u r c e docu m en ts which have
been cod ed, and follow s sp e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s which have b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire
little or no se le c tin g , codin g, o r in te rp re tin g of d ata to be r e c o rd e d . R e fe r s to su p e r v is o r
p ro b le m s a r is in g fro m e rro n e o u s ite m s or co d e s or m issin g in fo rm atio n .
M E S S E N G E R (O ffice Boy o r G irl)
P e r fo r m s v a rio u s routin e d u ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s , o p eratin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
ch in es su ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and other m in o r c l e r ic a l w ork.
E x clu d e p o sitio n s that req u ire o p eratio n of a m o to r v eh icle a s a sig n ific a n t duty.
SECR ETA R Y
A ssig n e d a s p e r so n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm ally to one in dividu al. M ain tain s a c lo se and highly
r e sp o n siv e re latio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork a c tiv itie s of the su p e r v is o r . W orks fa ir ly in d e­
pendently re c e iv in g a m in im um of d e taile d su p e rv isio n and gu id an ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s, u su a lly includin g m o st of the follo w in g: (a) R e c e iv e s telephon e c a lls ,
p e r so n a l c a l l e r s , and in com in g m a il, a n sw e rs routin e in q u ir ie s, and r o u te s the tech n ical in q u irie s
to the p ro p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s, and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f il e s ; (c) m a in ta in s
the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s ap poin tm en ts a s in stru c te d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s fro m s u p e r ­
v is o r to su b o rd in a te s; (e) re v iew s c o rre sp o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s, and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by o th ers
fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u ra l and ty p o grap h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r fo r m s
sten o g rap h ic and typing w ork.
M ay a ls o p e rfo rm other c l e r ic a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s of c o m p a ra b le n atu re and difficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s know ledge of o ffic e routine and u n d erstan d in g of the o rg an iz atio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u re s r e la te d to the w ork of the su p e r v iso r .
E x c lu sio n s
Not a ll p o sitio n s that a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s . E x a m p le s
of p o sitio n s which a r e ex clu d ed fro m the defin ition a r e a s fo llo w s: (a) P o sitio n s which do not m eet
the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e ta r y con cept d e sc rib e d ab ove; (b) ste n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
type d u tie s; (c) ste n o g ra p h e rs se rv in g a s o ffic e a s s is t a n t s to a grou p of p r o fe s s io n a l, tech n ical,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e ta r y p o sitio n s in w hich the d u ties a r e eith e r su b sta n tia lly m o re
routine o r su b sta n tia lly m o re co m p lex and r e sp o n sib le than th o se c h a r a c te r iz e d in the defin ition ;
and (e) a s s is t a n t type p o sitio n s which involve m o re d iffic u lt or m o re r e sp o n sib le te ch n ical, ad m in ­
is t r a t iv e , su p e r v iso r y , o r sp e c ia liz e d c l e r ic a l du ties which a r e not ty p ical of s e c r e t a r i a l w ork.
N O T E ; The te rm " c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r ," u se d in the le v e l defin itio n s follow in g, r e f e r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o rp o ra te -w id e p olicy m ak in g ro le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
com pany a c tiv itie s. The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm ally in d icativ e of th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s identify su ch p o sitio n s. V ice p r e sid e n ts w hose p r im a r y r e sp o n sib ility is to ac t p e r ­
so n ally on in dividu al c a s e s or tra n sa c tio n s ( e .g ., ap p ro v e o r deny in dividu al loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s;
a d m in iste r in dividu al tr u s t a c co u n ts; d ire c tly su p e r v ise a c l e r ic a l staff) a r e not c o n sid e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a te o ffic e r s " fo r p u rp o se s of applying the follow ing le v e l d e fin itio n s.
C la s s A
a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch airm an of the b o ard o r p re sid e n t of a com pan y that e m p lo y s, in
over 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the ch airm an of the b o a rd o r p resid en t)
of a com pan y that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
c. S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d iate ly below the c o r p o r a te o ffic e r lev el) of a m a jo r
seg m en t o r su b sid ia r y of a com pan y that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v er 25, 000 p e r s o n s .




a. S e c r e t a r y to the c h airm an of the b o ard o r p r e sid e n t of a com p an y that e m p lo y s, in
few er than 100 p e r s o n s ; or

a n d /o r n u m eric d ata on

P o sitio n s a r e c l a s s if i e d into le v e ls on the b a s is of the follow in g d efin itio n s.

a ll,

a ll,

b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an of the b o a rd or p re sid e n t)
of a com pan y that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 100 but few er than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

K E Y P U N C H O PE R A T O R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m ach in e to re c o rd
tab u latin g c a r d s o r on tape.

C la s s B

c. S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly below the o ffic e r lev el) o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a te -w id e fu n ctio n al a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s, in d u str ia l r e la tio n s, etc.) o ~ a m a jo r g e o g rap h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) of a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v er 5 ,0 0 0 but few er than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; or
d. S e c r e t a r y to the head of an in d iv id u al p lan t, fa c to r y , etc. (o r oth er eq u iv alen t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v er 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
e. S e c r e t a r y to the head of a la r g e and im p o rtan t o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t (e .g ., a m iddle
m a n agem en t s u p e r v is o r of an o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often involving a s m an y a s s e v e r a l
hundred p e r so n s) of a com pan y that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C
a. S e c r e t a r y to an ex ecu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r so n w hose r e sp o n sib ility is not eq u iv alen t
to one o f the sp e c ific le v e l situ atio n s in the d efin ition fo r c l a s s B , but w hose su b o rd in ate sta ff
n o r m a lly n u m b ers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen em p lo y ees and is u su a lly divided into o r g a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n ts which a r e often , in tu rn , fu rth er su b divided. In so m e c o m p a n ie s, th is le v e l in c lu d es
a w ide ran ge of o r g a n iz a tio n a l ec h elo n s; in o th e r s, only one o r two; £ r
b. S e c r e t a r y to the head of an in div idu al plan t, fa c to r y , etc. (o r o th er eq u iv alen t le v e l
of o ffic ial) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, few er than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a. S e c r e t a r y to the su p e r v is o r o r head of a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., few er than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n su p e r v iso ry st a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l em p lo y ee, a d m in is t r a ­
tive o ffic e r , o r a s s is t a n t , sk ille d tech n ician o r e x p e rt. (N O TE ; M any co m p an ie s a s s ig n
ste n o g r a p h e r s, r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e sc r ib e d ab o v e, to th is le v e l of su p e r v is o r y or
n o n su p e rv iso ry w o rk er.)
ST E N O G R A P H E R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to take d ictatio n in volvin g a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fro m one o r m o re
p e r so n s e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e; and t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n . M ay
a ls o type fro m w ritten copy. M ay m a in tain f i l e s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la tiv e ly
routin e c l e r ic a l t a s k s . M ay o p e ra te fro m a ste n o g rap h ic pool. D o es not in clu de t r a n s c r ib in g m ach in e w o rk . (See tr a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s.)
ST E N O G R A P H E R , SENIO R
P r im a r y duty is to tak e d ictatio n involving a v a r ie d te ch n ical o r sp e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry
su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on sc ie n tific r e s e a r c h fro m one o r m o re p e r s o n s eith er in s h o r t ­
hand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e; and t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
copy. M ay a ls o se t up and m a in tain f il e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g rap h ic d u ties req u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in depen den ce and r e s p o n s i­
b ility than ste n o g r a p h e r s, g e n e r a l a s ev id en ced by the fo llo w in g: W ork r e q u ir e s high d e g re e of
ste n o g rap h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ; and a thorough w orkin g know ledge of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffice
p r o c e d u r e s and of the s p e c ific b u sin e ss o p e r a tio n s, o rg a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w orkflow , etc. U se s th is know ledge in p e rfo rm in g ste n o g rap h ic d u ties and r e sp o n sib le c l e r ic a l
t a s k s su ch a s , m ain tain in g follow up f il e s ; a sse m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r ts , m e m o ra n d u m s, le t t e r s ,
e tc .; co m p o sin g sim p le le t t e r s fro m g e n e r a l in str u c tio n s; read in g and routing in com in g m a il; and
an sw erin g routin e q u e stio n s, etc. D o es not include tr a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a sin g le - o r
o u tgoin g, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls .
co m p lex c a lls , su ch a s co n fe re n c e ,
doing routin e w ork a s d e sc r ib e d

m u ltip le-p o sitio n telephone sw itch b o ard handling in com in g,
P e r fo r m s fu ll telephon e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o r h an dles
c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l l s , e ith e r in add ition to
fo r sw itc h b o ard o p e r a to r , c l a s s B , o r a s a fu ll-tim e

24
T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccounting M achine O p era to r)— C ontinued

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R — C ontinued
a ssig n m e n t. ( " F u l l" telep h on e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e sta b lish m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rstan d ab le fo r telephon e in fo rm atio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u se
of o v erlap p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n ctio n s, and co n seq u en tly p r e se n t freq u en t p r o b le m s a s to
w hich e x te n sio is a r e a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork ac c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and un der sp e c ific in ­
str u c tio n s. A ssig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly involve co m p lete but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts or p a r ts
of la r g e r and m o re co m p lex r e p o r ts. O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m a ch in e s su ch a s the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in add itio n to the s im p le r m ach in es
u se d by c l a s s C o p e r a to r s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to do so m e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M ay tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e ra tio n s.

C la s s B . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telephon e sw itc h b o ard handling in com in g,
ou tgoin g, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay han dle rou tin e long d ista n c e c a lls and r e c o r d to lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telephon e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephon e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if the fu n ction s of the e sta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d erstan d ab le fo r telephone
in fo rm atio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the r e q u e s t s a r e ro u tin e, e .g ., giv in g e x ten sio n n u m b ers when
sp e c ific n am e s a r e fu rn ish e d , o r if co m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to an oth er o p e r a to r .)

C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in str u c tio n s, o p e r a te s sim p le tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accoun tin g
m a c h in e s su ch a s the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , etc. A ssig n m e n ts
ty p ic a lly involve p o rtio n s of a w ork un it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u al so rtin g o r c o llatin g ru n s,
o r re p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s. M ay p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do so m e filin g w ork.

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T R A N SC R IBIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In add ition to p e rfo rm in g d u tie s of o p e ra to r on a sin g le - p o sitio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itc h ­
b o a rd , a c ts a s re c e p tio n ist and m ay a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r ic a l w ork a s p a r t of r e g u la r
d u tie s. T h is typing o r c l e r ic a l w ork m ay take the m a jo r p a r t of th is w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itch b oard .

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n in volvin g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fro m
t r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten cop y and do sim p le c l e r ic a l w ork.
W o rk ers t r a n s c r ib in g d ictatio n in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on sc ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu ded . A w o rk e r who ta k e s dictatio n
in sh o rth an d o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c l a s s if i e d a s a ste n o g r a p h e r , g e n e ra l.

T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccoun tin g M achine O p era to r)
O p e r a te s one o r a v a r ie t y of m a c h in e s su ch a s the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, etc. E x clu d e d fro m th is defin itio n a r e w orking s u p e r v is o r s .
A lso ex clu d ed a r e o p e r a to r s of e le c tro n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s, even though they m ay a ls o o p e rate
EA M equipm ent.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w rite r to m ak e c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m a k e out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
tio n s have b een m a d e by an o th er p e r so n . M ay in clu de typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te ­
r i a l s fo r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r ic a l w ork in volvin g little sp e c ia l tr a in in g , such
a s keepin g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r so rtin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.

P o sitio n s a r e c l a s s if i e d into le v e ls on the b a s is of the follow in g d efin itio n s.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g; Typin g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo rm when
it in v o lv es com bin in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e sp o n sib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g ,
sy lla b ic a tio n , pu nctuation , e t c ., of te c h n ic a l o r u n u su al w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan g u age m a te ­
r ia l ; and planning lay o u t and typing o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity
and b a la n c e in sp a c in g . M ay type ro u tin e fo r m le t t e r s v a ry in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m sta n c e s.

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s co m p lete re p o rtin g and tab u latin g a ssig n m e n ts in cludin g d e v isin g
d iffic u lt c o n tro l p an el w irin g u n der g e n e r a l su p e rv isio n . A ssig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly involve a
v a r ie t y of long and co m p le x r e p o r ts w hich often a r e ir r e g u l a r o r n o n re c u rrin g , req u irin g
so m e planning of the n atu re and seq u en cin g of o p e ra tio n s, and the u se of a v a r ie ty of m a c h in e s.
Is ty p ic a lly in volved in train in g new o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g lo w er le v e l
o p e r a to r s in w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s and in the o p eratin g se q u e n c e s of long and co m p le x r e p o r ts.
D oes not in clu de p o sitio n s in w hich w irin g re sp o n sib ility is lim ite d to se le c tio n and in se r tio n
of p re w ire d b o a r d s .

P R O F E S S IO N A L

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the co n tro l c o n so le of a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s d ata a c co rd in g
to o p eratin g in stru c tio n s, u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in c lu d e s m o st of the fo llo w in g:
S tu d ie s in stru c tio n s to d ete rm in e equipm en t setu p and o p e r a tio n s; lo a d s equipm en t w ith re q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e tc .); sw itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equipm en t into c ir c u it , and s t a r t s
and o p e r a te s c o m p u ter; m a k e s ad ju stm e n ts to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p eratin g p r o b le m s and m e et
sp e c ia l co n d itio n s; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e du rin g o p eratio n and d e te rm in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p ro b lem
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p eratin g r e c o r d s . M ay t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c tin g
p r o g ra m .
co m p u ter o p e r a to r s a r e c l a s s if i e d a s fo llo w s:

C la s s A . O p e ra te s in depen den tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t of the follow in g c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s : New p r o g r a m s a r e freq u en tly te ste d and
in trod u ced ; sch edu lin g re q u ire m e n ts a r e of c r i t ic a l im p o rtan ce to m in im ize dow ntim e; the
p r o g r a m s a r e of co m p lex d e sig n so that id e n tificatio n o f e r r o r so u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w orking
know ledge of the to tal p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le . M ay give
d ire c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w er le v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in depen d en tly, o r un der only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s with m o st of the follow ing c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s : M o st of the p r o g r a m s a r e e sta b lis h e d
p ro d u ctio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; th e re is little o r no te stin g
of new p r o g r a m s re q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id ed in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eeds
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c te d w ithin a re a so n a b le tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a tio n s,
d ia g n o se s c a u se and ta k e s c o r r e c tiv e ac tio n . T h is u su a lly in v o lv es applyin g p r e v io u sly p r o ­
g ra m e d c o r r e c tiv e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd c o r r e c tio n tech n iq u es.
OR
O p e ra te s u n der d ire c t s u p e rv isio n a co m p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n ts of p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c l a s s A . M ay a s s i s t a h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r b y in d e ­
pen den tly p e rfo rm in g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e rfo rm in g d iffic u lt t a s k s follow ing
d e taile d in stru c tio n s and w ith freq u en t rev iew of o p e ra tio n s p e rfo rm e d .




AND

T E C H N IC A L

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

CO M PU TER O PERATO R

F o r w age stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d r a f t s ; routin e typing of fo r m s , in su r a n c e p o lic ie s , e tc .; and settin g up sim p le stan d ard
ta b u la tio n s, o r copying m o re co m p lex ta b le s a lr e a d y setu p and sp a c e d p ro p e rly .

C la s s C . W orks on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s un der c lo s e su p e r v isio n . Is ex p ec te d to develop
w orking know ledge of the co m p u ter equipm en t u se d and a b ility to d etect p r o b le m s in volved in
running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U su a lly h a s r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l train in g in co m p u ter o p eratio n .
M ay a s s i s t h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r on co m p lex p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U SIN E SS
C o n v e rts sta te m e n ts of b u s in e s s p r o b le m s, ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s t e m s a n a ly st, into
a seq u en ce of d e ta ile d in str u c tio n s which a r e r e q u ir e d to so lv e the p r o b le m s b y au to m atic data
p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. W orking fro m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d ev elo p s the p r e c is e
in str u c tio n s w hich, when e n te re d into the co m p u ter s y ste m in cod ed lan g u a g e , c a u se the m an ipu ­
latio n of d ata to ac h iev e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g: A p p lie s know ledge
o f co m p u ter c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em ploy ed by c o m p u te r s, and p a r tic u la r su b je c t m a tte r
in volved to an aly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s of the p ro b le m to b e p r o g r a m e d . D ev elo p s seq u en ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r ite s d e ta ile d flow c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w hich d ata w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
co n v e rts th e se c h a r ts to co d ed in str u c tio n s fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in str u c tio n s fo r o p e ratin g p e rso n n e l du rin g p ro d u ctio n run ; a n a ly z e s, r e v ie w s, and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ratin g e ffic ie n c y o r ad ap t to new r e q u ir e m e n ts; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m developm en t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o rk ers p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ram in g should be c l a s s if i e d a s sy s t e m s a n a ly s ts if th is is the sk ill u se d to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)
D o es not in clu de em p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e sp o n sib le fo r the m a n agem en t o r su p e r v isio n of
oth er e le c tro n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s, o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily con cern ed with
sc ie n tific a n d /o r en gin eerin g p r o b le m s.
F o r w age stu dy p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s if i e d a s fo llo w s:
C la s s A . W orks indepen den tly o r un der only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on co m p lex p r o b le m s which
r e q u ir e co m p eten ce in a ll p h a se s o f p r o g r a m in g co n c ep ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fro m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w hich id en tify the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g ste p s to be
ac c o m p lish e d , and the r e la tio n sh ip s betw een v a r io u s ste p s o f the p ro b le m so lv in g routin e;
p la n s the fu ll ran ge of p ro g ra m in g a c tio n s n eeded to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u ter sy ste m
in ach iev in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u cts.

25
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S I N E S S — C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y ST E M S A N A L Y ST , B U SIN E SS— Continued

At t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b ut d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a nd d i v e r s e d a t a e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y an d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h i s r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t of c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t of
l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to d a t a w hen p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , an d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g of d a t a e l e m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .
C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s of c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (or se g m e n ts) u su ally
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e d a t a in two o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a nd l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by r e f i n i n g , a d a p t i n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in pu t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W hil e n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t the a c c u r a c y an d s e q u e n c i n g
of d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a fe w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , the p r o g r a m d e a l s with
r o u t i n e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n of a h i g h e r
le vel p r o g r a m e r or su p e rv is o r.
M ay a s s i s t h igher le v e l p r o g r a m e r by independently p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , an d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
direction.
M ay guide or in str u c t low er le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a nd c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the
a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new
a s p e c t s of a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
requ ired pro ce d u res.
C O M P U T E R S Y ST E M S A N A L Y ST , BUSIN ESS
A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m by u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s a nd c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r an d t y p e s of r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a nd d o c u m e n t s to
be u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t an d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h i s i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k an d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a nd p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s of
new a nd r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . ( N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g bot h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a nd p r o g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h i s i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pa y . )

m ain tain in g acco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e sta b lish m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v en to ry acco u n ts
in a m a n u factu rin g o r w h o le sa le e sta b lish m e n t.) C o n fe rs with p e r so n s c o n c ern ed to d eterm in e
the d ata p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r so n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
d ata p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W orks on a seg m en t of a co m p lex d ata p r o c e s s in g sc h em e o r sy s t e m , a s d e s c r ib e d fo r
c l a s s A. W orks indepen den tly on routin e a ssig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in stru c tio n and guidan ce
on co m p lex a ssig n m e n ts. W ork is rev iew ed fo r a c c u r a c y of ju d gm en t, c o m p lian c e w ith in ­
s tr u c tio n s, and to in su r e p r o p e r alin em en t w ith the o v e r a ll sy ste m .
C la s s C . W orks u n der im m e d iate su p e r v isio n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
of a sin g le a c tiv ity . A ssig n m e n ts a r e d e sig n e d to dev elo p and expand p r a c t ic a l ex p e rie n c e
in the ap p lica tio n of p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r sy s t e m s a n a ly s is w ork . F o r ex am p le ,
m ay a s s i s t a h ig h er le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st by p r e p a r in g the d e taile d sp e c ific a tio n s r e q u ire d
by p r o g r a m e r s fro m in fo rm atio n d ev elo ped by the h igh er le v e l a n a ly st.
D R A FTSM A N
C la s s A . P la n s the g rap h ic p r e se n ta tio n of co m p lex ite m s havin g d istin c tiv e d e sig n
fe a t u r e s that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m e sta b lis h e d d raftin g p r e c e d e n ts. W orks in c lo se su p ­
p o rt w ith the d e sig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y recom m en d m in o r d e sig n c h a n g e s. A n aly z es the
e ffe c t of each change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fun ction , and p o sitio n a l r e la tio n sh ip s of c o m ­
ponents and p a r t s . W orks with a m in im u m of s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p leted w ork is
rev iew ed by d e sig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n siste n c y with p r io r en gin eerin g d e te r m in a tio n s. M ay
eith er p r e p a r e d ra w in g s, o r d ire c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w er le v e l d r a ftsm e n .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and co m p lex d raftin g a ssig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
catio n of m o st of the sta n d a r d iz e d draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u sed . D u ties ty p ic a lly in ­
volve su ch w ork a s ; P r e p a r e s w orking d raw in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s,
m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and p r e c is e p o sitio n a l r e la tio n sh ip s b etw een co m p o n en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c tu r a l d raw in g s fo r co n stru ctio n of a b uildin g in clu din g d e ta il d raw in g s o f fo u n d atio n s, w all
se c tio n s, flo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U se s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y
co m p u tatio n s to d eterm in e q u an titie s of m a t e r ia ls to b e u se d , lo ad c a p a c it ie s , str e n g th s,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in str u c tio n s, r e q u ir e m e n ts, and ad v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p leted w ork is ch ecked fo r te ch n ical adequ acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d raw in gs o f sin g le u n its o r p a r t s fo r en g in e e rin g , c o n stru ctio n ,
m a n u factu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o se s. T y p e s of d raw in g s p r e p a r e d in clu de is o m e tr ic p r o je c tio n s
(d epictin g th ree d im e n sio n s in a c c u r a te sc a le ) and se c tio n a l v iew s to c l a r if y p o sitio n in g of
com ponen ts and con vey n eeded in fo rm atio n . C o n so lid a te s d e ta ils fro m a n u m b er of s o u r c e s
and a d ju st s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s re q u ire d . S u g g e ste d m eth ods of a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n ts, and ad v ice on so u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e giv en with in itia l a ssig n m e n t s. In stru ctio n s
a r e l e s s co m p lete when a ssig n m e n ts r e c u r . W ork m a y be sp o t-ch e ck e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p lan s and d raw in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p lac in g tr a c in g cloth o r p a p e r o v er
d raw in gs and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n cil. (D oes not in clu de tr a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r im a r ily
c o n sistin g of str a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not req u irin g c lo s e delin eatio n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s not in c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n of
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with
scien tific or en gin eering p r o b lem s.
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,

direction

to l o w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s who a r e a s s i g n e d

to

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o nl y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p l a n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s of in put d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the out pu t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
related.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k .




W ork is c lo s e ly su p e r v ise d

E L E C T R O N IC TEC H N IC IA N

s y s t e m s a n a ly sts a r e c l a s s i f ie d a s follow s:

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o nl y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o l v in g a l l p h a s e s of s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in put d a t a a nd m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s of out pu t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m of e a c h typ e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h the fu l l s y s t e m of r e c o r d s
a nd a p p r o p r i a t e f o ll o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y the c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a nd a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
the i m p l i c a t i o n s of new o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes recom ­
m e n d a t i o n s , if n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a nd f o r
o b t a in i n g e q u i p m e n t .
M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
assist.

P r e p a r e s sim p le o r re p e titiv e d raw in gs of e a s ily v isu a liz e d ite m s.
during p r o g r e s s .

W orks on v a r io u s ty p es of e le c tro n ic equipm en t o r s y s t e m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o re
of the follow in g o p e r a tio n s: M odifyin g, in sta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v erh au lin g. T h e se o p e ra tio n s
re q u ir e the p e r fo r m a n c e of m o st o r a ll of the follow in g t a s k s : A sse m b lin g , te stin g , a d ju stin g ,
c a lib r a tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
Work is n o n rep etitiv e and r e q u ir e s a know ledge o f the th eo ry and p r a c t ic e of e le c tr o n ic s
p ertain in g to the u se of g e n e r a l and sp e c ia liz e d e le c tr o n ic t e s t equ ipm en t; tro u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e ratio n , re la tio n sh ip , and alin em en t o f e le c tr o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , and c ir c u it s having
a v a r ie ty of com ponent p a r ts .
E le c tr o n ic equipm ent o r sy s t e m s w ork ed on ty p ic a lly in clu de one o r m o r e o f the follow in g:
G roun d, v e h ic le , o r air b o r n e rad io co m m u n icatio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n av igatio n a id s ;
air b o r n e o r groun d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; ra d io and te le v isio n tra n sm ittin g o r r e c o rd in g s y s t e m s ; e le c ­
tro n ic c o m p u te r s; m i s s ile and s p a c e c r a ft gu id an ce and c o n tro l s y s t e m s ; in d u str ia l and m e d ic a l
m e a su r in g , in d icatin g, and co n tro llin g d e v ic e s; etc.
(E x clu d e p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ftsm e n , d r a ftsm e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s,
and r e p a ir m e n of su ch sta n d a rd e le c tr o n ic equipm ent a s o ffic e m a c h in e s, ra d io and t e le v isio n
r e c e iv in g se t s .)

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N U R SE , IN D U ST R IA L (R e g iste re d )

N U R SE , IN D U ST R IA L (R e g iste r e d )— Continued

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e un der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to il l or
in ju re d em p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e il l o r su ffe r an ac cid en t on the p r e m is e s of a
fa c to r y o r other e sta b lish m e n t. D u ties involve a com b in atio n of the fo llo w in g: G ivin g f i r s t aid
to the il l o r in ju re d ; attending to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e s' in ju r ie s ; k eeping r e c o r d s

of p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g ac cid en t r e p o r ts fo r co m p en satio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in
p h y sic a l e x am in a tio n s and h ealth e v alu a tio n s of a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s involving health edu catio n , ac cid en t p rev en tio n , e v alu a tio n o f p lan t en viron m ent,
o r oth er a c tiv itie s affe ctin g the h e alth , w e lfa r e , and sa fe ty of a ll p e rso n n e l.

M A IN T E N A N C E

AND

POW ERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E

M A CH IN IST, M A IN TEN A N C E

P e r fo r m s the c a rp e n try d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t and m a in ta in in good r e p a ir building
w oodw ork and equipm en t su ch a s b in s, c r i b s , c o u n te rs, b e n c h e s, p a r titio n s, d o o r s, flo o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s in g s , and trim m ade of wood in an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv es m o st of the follo w in g: P lan n in g
and lay in g out of w ork fro m b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in g s, m o d e ls, o r v e r b a l in str u c tio n s u sin g a v a r ie ty
of c a r p e n t e r 's h an d too ls, p o rta b le p ow er t o o ls , and sta n d a r d m e a su r in g in str u m e n ts; m akin g
sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s re la tin g to d im e n sio n s of w ork ; and se le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
fo r the w ork. In g e n e ra l, the w ork of the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and
e x p e rie n c e u su a lly ac q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t train in g and e x p e rie n c e .

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a r t s and new p a r t s in m akin g r e p a ir s of m e ta l p a r ts of m e ch an ical
equipm en t o p e ra te d in an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g: In terp re tin g w ritten
in str u c tio n s and sp e c if ic a tio n s ; planning and lay in g out of w ork; u sin g a v a r ie ty of m a c h in ist's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a su r in g in str u m e n ts; settin g up and o p eratin g sta n d a r d m ach in e to o ls;
sh apin g of m e ta l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g sta n d a rd shop co m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to d im en ­
sio n s o f w ork , to olin g, fe e d s , and s p e e d s of m ach in in g; know ledge of the w orkin g p r o p e r t ie s of
the com m on m e t a ls ; se le c tin g sta n d a r d m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm en t r e q u ire d fo r h is w ork;
and fittin g and a sse m b lin g p a r t s into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w ork
n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded train in g in m a ch in e -sh o p p r a c tic e u su a lly ac q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t train in g and e x p e rie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TEN A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty of e le c t r ic a l tr a d e fu n ction s su ch a s the in sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n c e,
o r r e p a ir of equipm en t fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d istrib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n of e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an
e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g: In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any of a v a r ie ty
of e le c t r ic a l equipm ent su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , sw itc h b o a r d s, c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth er t r a n s m is s io n equipm en t; w orking
fro m b lu e p rin ts, d raw in g s, la y o u ts, o r oth er s p e c if ic a tio n s ; lo c atin g and d iagn o sin g tro u b le in
the e le c t r ic a l sy ste m o r eq u ip m en t; w ork in g sta n d a rd co m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to lo ad re q u ir e m e n ts
of w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l eq u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie ty of e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and m e a su r in g
and te stin g in stru m e n ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t train in g
and e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , STA T IO N A RY
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m ay a ls o su p e r v is e the o p e ratio n of st a tio n a r y en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p ply the e sta b lish m e n t in w hich em ploy ed with po w er,
h e at, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r air-c o n d itio n in g . W ork in v o lv e s: O p era tin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
su ch a s ste a m e n g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s, v en tilatin g and r e f r i g ­
e ra tin g eq u ip m en t, ste a m b o ile r s and b o ile r - fe d w a te r p u m p s; m akin g equipm en t r e p a ir s ; and
k eepin g a r e c o r d of o p e ratio n of m a c h in e ry , t e m p e r a tu re , and fu el con su m ption . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e ra tio n s. H ead o r ch ie f e n g in e e rs in e sta b lis h m e n ts em ployin g m o re than one
en g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
FIR E M A N , STA T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lis h m e n t in w hich em ploy ed with h e at, po w er,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to fir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l sto k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u rn e r;
and ch e c k s w ate r and sa fe ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o ile rr o o m equipm en t.
H E L P E R , M A IN TEN A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s one or m o re w o rk e rs in the sk ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e rfo rm in g sp e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u ties of l e s s e r s k ill, su ch a s keepin g a w o rk e r su p p lied with m a t e r ia ls and to o ls;
clean in g w orkin g a r e a , m a ch in e, and eq u ip m en t; a s s is t in g jo u rn ey m a n by holding m a t e r ia ls or
to o ls; and p e rfo rm in g oth er u n sk ille d t a s k s a s d ire c te d by jo u rn ey m a n . The kind of w ork the
h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fro m tra d e to t r a d e : In so m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is co n ­
fin ed to su p plyin g, liftin g , and holding m a t e r ia ls and to o ls and clean in g w orkin g a r e a s ; and in
o th e rs he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e r a tio n s, o r p a r ts of a tr a d e that a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o rk e rs on a fu ll- tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LRO O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p eratio n of one o r m o re ty p es of m ach in e to o ls, su ch a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s, o r m illin g m a c h in e s, in the c o n stru c tio n of
m a c h in e -sh o p t o o ls, g a g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s. W ork in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g: P lan n in g
and p e rfo rm in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a tio n s; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u irin g co m p lic a te d se tu p s or
a high d e g re e of a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y of p r e c is io n m e a su r in g in str u m e n ts; se le c tin g fe e d s,
sp e e d s , to olin g, and o p e ratio n se q u e n c e ; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts du rin g o p eratio n
to ac h iev e r e q u isite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n sio n s. M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need
d r e s s i n g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p ro p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b ric a tin g o ils . F o r
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lro o m , in to ol and die jobbin g
sh o p s a r e ex clu d ed fro m th is c la s s ific a t io n .




M EC H A N IC , A UTO M O TIV E (M ain tenan ce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s of an e sta b lish m e n t. Work in ­
v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g: E x am in in g au to m o tiv e equ ipm en t to d iag n o se so u r c e of tro u b le; d i s ­
a sse m b lin g equipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that involve the u se of su ch h an dtoo ls a s w re n c h e s,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r sp e c ia liz e d equipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; re p lac in g bro ken o r
d efectiv e p a r ts fro m sto c k ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v eh icle and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts; and alin in g w h e e ls, ad ju stin g b r a k e s
and lig h ts, o r tighten in g body b o lts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the au to m o tiv e m e ch an ic r e q u ir e s
rounded train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su a lly ac q u ir e d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t
train in g and e x p e rie n c e .
M EC H A N IC , M A IN TEN A N C E
R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t of an e sta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv es m o st
of the fo llo w in g: E x am in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t to d iag n o se so u r c e of tro u b le;
d ism an tlin g o r p a r tly d ism an tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly involve the u se
of h an dtoo ls in sc r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d efectiv e p a r ts with ite m s obtain ed
fro m sto c k ; o rd e rin g the p ro d u ctio n of a re p la c e m e n t p a r t by a m ach in e shop o r sen din g of the
m ach in e to a m ach in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritten sp e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r the p ro du ctio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d fro m m ach in e sh o p; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s; and m akin g
a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm e n ts fo r o p e ratio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork of a m ain ten an ce m e ch an ic r e q u ir e s
rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u ivalen t
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d e d fro m th is c l a s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y d u ties
involve settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s.
M ILLW R IG H T
In s t a lls new m a ch in e s o r h eavy eq u ip m en t, and d ism a n tle s and in s t a lls m a ch in e s or heavy
equipm en t when ch an ges in the plant lay ou t a r e r e q u ire d . W ork in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g:
P lan n in g and lay in g out of the w ork ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th er sp e c if ic a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty
of h an dtoo ls and r ig g in g ; m akin g sta n d a rd shop co m p u tatio n s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th of
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s of g r a v ity ; alin in g and b ala n cin g of eq u ip m en t; se le c tin g sta n d a rd to o ls,
eq u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u se d ; and in sta llin g and m ain tain in g in good o r d e r po w er t r a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t su ch a s d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded train in g and e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r
eq u iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls, w oodw ork, and fix t u r e s of an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv es
the fo llo w in g: K n ow ledge of s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s of p ain t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r pain tin g by rem ov in g old fin ish o r by p la c in g putty o r fil le r in n ail
h o les and in t e r s t i c e s ; and ap plyin g p ain t w ith sp r a y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
le a d , and oth er p ain t in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n siste n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the
m ain ten an ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly ac q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
ap p r e n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv ale n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E
In st a lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th er ty p e s of pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g: L ay in g out of w ork and m e a su r in g to lo cate
p o sitio n o f p ipe fro m d raw in g s o r oth er w ritten s p e c if ic a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s of pipe to
c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y acety le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e; th read in g
pipe w ith sto c k s and d ie s ; bending p ipe by h a n d -d riv en o r p o w e r-d riv e n m a c h in e s; a sse m b lin g

27
P IP E F IT T E R ,

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

M A IN T E N A N C E ---- C o n t in u e d

p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fi x t u r e

m a k er;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
sta n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

shops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e it h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

OR CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

ch a rw o m a n ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , fu r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

cle rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d is e o n o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .
ORDER

CLERK

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r

p ick e r;

stock

s e le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fi n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
t o fi ll in g o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 t o and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a il e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fi n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
da ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

Available On RequestTh e f o llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h ile s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilene, T e x .
A lask a
Albany, Ga.
A lexan d ria, L a.
A l p e n a , S t a n d i s h , an d T a w a s C i ty , M ic h .
A m arillo , Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tlantic C ity, N .J.
A u g u s t a , G a .— . C .
S
A ustin, T ex.
B a k e r s f i e l d , C alif.
B aton R ouge, L a .
B il l in g s , Mont.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , an d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , an d S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h arlesto n , S.C .
C h e y e n n e , Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , an d H o p k i n s v i l l e , K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , Colo.
C olum b ia, S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .— l a .
A
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D oth an , A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Minn.— is .
S
W
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a so , Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g c r - M o o r h e a d , N. D ak .—
Minn.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itch b u rg -L e o m in ster, M a ss.
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . — k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k - H a g e r s t o w n , Md.— a . —
P
W. V a.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in sto n S a l e m — ig h P o i n t , N .C .
W
H
H a rrisb u rg , P a.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n tsville, A la.

C o p i e s of p u b l i c r e l e a s e s a r e

K n o x v i l l e , T en n .
L ared o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N e v.
L e x i n g t o n , Ky .
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , Md.—V a.
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M acon, Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u l t S te . M a r i e , M ich
M erid ian , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m ou th , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s., N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , an d P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e , Te n n .
N ew L on don — r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O rlan do, F la .
O xnard— entura, C alif.
V
P a n a m a C ity, F la .
P in e B luff, Ark.
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .— a i n e — a s s .
M
M
P u e b l o , C o lo .
R e n o , N e v.
S a c r a m e n to , C alif.
Salin a, K an s.
S a lin a s — o n terey , C alif.
M
Santa B a r b a r a , Calif.
Sh reveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
C
H
Stockton, C alif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
Topeka, K ans.
Tu cson, A riz.
V ald o sta, Ga.
V alle jo — ap a, C alif.
N
W ic h it a F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D e l — . J . —
N
Md.

T h e tenth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n a l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 16 5 4 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of
P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 9 , 75 c e n ts a c o p y , f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r an y o f i t s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H o ur D i v i s i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in g to n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .

Area
A k r o n , O h io, J u l y 1970-------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970__________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1___________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . - N . J . , M a y 1970 1
B
E
_
A tlan ta., G a . , M a y 1970 1_______________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1969_____________________________
B e a u m o n t - P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ____
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970_________________________
B o i s e C i t y , Idaho, Nov. 1 9 6 9 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ____________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1970_____________________________
Can ton , O h io, M a y 1970 1______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1_______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 __________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , Te n n .— a . , S e p t . 1970 1 _________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1970________________________________
C i n c in n a ti , Ohio— .—I n d ., F e b . 1 9 7 0 _________________
Ky
C l e v e l a n d , O h io, S e p t . 1969____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1969____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
D ay ton , Ohio, D e c . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1____________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 ________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., F e b . 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , O ct. 1969_____ _____________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1970 1_____ ____________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
H o u st o n , T e x . , A p r. 1970______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1969____ ______________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970_____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t. 1969___________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1970 1_______
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n t a AnarL
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky .—Ind., Nov. 1969 1______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1970 1 ________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , Nov. 1969 1 ___________ ______
A
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
M id la n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1 ________ M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1970 1________________ _________
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1 _____ _______

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-11,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1685-11,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30
30
35
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
50
45
25
35
35
40
35
60
35
40
30
35

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35
30
40
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
35
35
35

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45
40
35
35
40
30
35
50
50

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rga
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., J u n e 1970 1____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1____________
New H a v e n , C on n ., J a n . 1 9 7 0 * _________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r. 1970 1___________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1970_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a, S e p t. 1 9 7 0 1 ______________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1970 1 _________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1969 1___________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1970 1_________________ __________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1 __________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g .— a s h . , M a y 1970 1___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I .— a s s . ,
P
W
M
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1 9 7 0 * _____________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
A u g. 1 9 7 0 _______________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 _____________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—
111., M a r . 1970_________________________
S a l t L a k e C i ty , U tah, Nov. 1969 1____________________ _
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , M a y 1970___________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r side— n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
D e c . 1969_______________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1969 1 _________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1969 1___________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , Aug. 1 970____________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1970 1_____________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 970 1 _____________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1970_____________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t. 1969________________________
South B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1970 1__________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 ___________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
T a m p a—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1 _____________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , F e b . 1970________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
U ti c a — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 _______________________ __
R
W a s h m g to n , D .C .—
Md.—V a . , S e p t . 1969 1____- ______ _
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1970 1________________________
W ate r l o o , Iow a, J an. 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970 1 ____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1 _______________ __ __ ____
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1970 1__________________________________
Y ou ng stow n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1969 1_______________
W

Bu lletin n u m b er
and p r i c e
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35
50
35
30
75

cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35
30
35
45
60
35
50
35
40

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1660-72,
1685-12,
1660-65,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30
35
40
35
30

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
166D-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30
35
50
30
35
35
30
25
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TON. D.C.

20212

O FF IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
FIRST CLASS MAIL

I


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102