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Area "
Wage
Survey

Omaha, Nebraska Iowa,
Metropolitan Area
October 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-51

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Pottawattamie

Preface
This bu lletin p r o v id e s re su lts o f an O ctob er 1979 su rvey o f o c c u ­
pation al earn in gs in the O m aha, N ebraska—
Iow a, Standard M etropolitan
S ta tistica l A r e a .
The su rv ey was m ade as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L abor
S ta t is t ic s ' annual a rea w age su rv ey p r o g r a m . It w as condu cted by the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in K ansas C ity, M o., under the g en era l d ir e c tio n
o f E dw ard C haiken, A s sis ta n t R eg ion a l C o m m is sio n e r fo r O p era tion s. The
su rv ey cou ld not have been a c c o m p lish e d without the c o o p e ra tio n o f the
m any fir m s w hose w age and sa la ry data p rov id ed the b a sis fo r the
sta tis tica l in form a tion in this b u lletin . The B u reau w ish es to e x p re s s
s in c e r e a p p recia tion fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a teria l in this pu blica tion is in the p u blic dom ain and m ay be
r e p ro d u c e d without p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G overn m en t. P le a se cre d it
the B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics and cite the nam e and num ber o f this
pu blica tion .

Note:
A c u rre n t r e p o r t on o ccu p a tion a l earn ings in the Om aha area
is available fo r the m ovin g and stora g e (O ctob er 1979) in d u stry . A lso
av ailab le are lis tin g s o f union wage r a te s fo r building tr a d e s , prin tin g tr a d e s ,
lo c a l-t r a n s it op eratin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u ck d r iv e rs and h e lp e r s , and
g r o c e r y sto re e m p lo y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s o f these are availab le fr o m the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s . (See ba ck c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
Wage
Survey

Omaha, Nebraska-lowa,
Metropolitan Area
October 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C o n te n ts

P ag e

P age

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner

January 1980

Introduction----------------------------------------------------------------

Bulletin 2050-51

Tables:

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments U S Government Printing Office.
Washington D C 20402 GPO Bookstores or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price for FRASER
Digitized $1 50 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents



Earnings, all establishments:
A - l . Weekly earnings of office workers______
A -2. Weekly earnings of professional
and technical w orkers__________________
A -3 . Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by sex______________
A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom, and powerplant
A -5.

2

3
5
6

Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial w o rk e rs _____
8
A -6 . Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and
custodial workers, by s e x _____________ 10
A -7. Percent increases in average
hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups_____________________11
A -8. Average pay relationships
within establishments
for white-collar workers________________ 12
A -9. Average pay relationships
within establishments
for blue-collar w orkers________________ 13

Appendix A. Scope and method of survey_________15
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions___________ 18

Introduction

T h is a re a is 1 o f 72 in w hich the U.S. D epartm en t of L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts su rv e y s o f occu p a tion a l ea rn in gs and
re la te d b e n e fits.
(See lis t of a r e a s on in sid e ba ck c o v e r .) In each a r e a ,
earn in gs data fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s ( A - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a re c o lle c te d
annually.
In form a tion on e sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en tary w age
b en efits ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is obtain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
T h is r e p o r t has
no B - s e r i e s ta b le s .

m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u str ie s . T h e o ccu p a tion s a r e defin ed
in A ppendix B. F o r the 31 la r g e s t su rv e y a r e a s , ta bles A - 10 through A - 15
p rov id e s im ila r data fo r esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e .
T ab le A -7 p rov id es p e rce n t ch a n ges in a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs
o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u r s e s , sk illed m aintenance tra d es w o r k e r s , and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .
W here p o s s ib le , data a re p resen ted fo r a ll in d u stries and fo r m a n u fa c­
turing and nonm anufacturing sep a ra tely . Data a r e not p re se n te d fo r sk illed
m ain ten an ce w o rk e r s in nonm anufacturing b e c a u s e the n um ber o f w o rk e r s
em p loyed in this occu pation al g rou p in nonm an ufacturin g is to o s m a ll to
w arra n t sep arate presen tation .
T h is ta ble p r o v id e s a m e a s u re o f w age
tren d s a fter elim in ation of changes in a v e ra g e earn in gs ca u sed by e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong estab lish m en ts as w e ll as tu rn ov er o f esta b lish m en ts
in clu d ed in su rvey sa m p les. F o r fu rth er d e ta ils , see appendix A.

E ach y e a r a fter a ll in dividu al a re a w age su rv ey s have been c o m ­
p le te d , tw o su m m a ry bu lletin s a r e is su e d .
The fir s t b rin g s tog eth er data
f o r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a su rv e y e d ; the se co n d p re se n ts national and
r e g io n a l e s t im a te s , p r o je c te d fr o m individu al m e tro p o lita n a r e a data, fo r
a ll Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s in the U nited S ta tes, exclu din g
A lask a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a rea w age su rv e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a v a r ie ty o f la b o r m a rk e ts ,
through the a n a ly s is o f (1) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w ages by occu p a tion ,
and (2) the m ov em en t o f w ages by occu p a tion a l c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l. The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m ay be u sed fo r m any p u r p o s e s , including
w age and s a la r y a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d eterm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rv ey r e s u lts a ls o a re u sed by the U.S. D e p a r t­
m ent o f L a b o r to m ake w age d eterm in a tion s u nder the S e r v ic e C on tra ct A c t
o f 1965.

T a b les A -8 and A -9 p rov id e fo r the fir s t tim e m e a s u re s o f a v e ra g e
pay rela tion sh ip s w ithin esta b lish m en ts.
T h e s e m e a s u re s m ay d iffe r c o n ­
s id e ra b ly fr o m the pay rela tion sh ip s o f o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s p u blish ed in ta bles
A - l through A -6 . See appendix A fo r d eta ils.
A pp endixes
Appendix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n ce p ts u sed in the a rea
w age su rv e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the su rv ey .

A - s e r i e s ta b les
or

Appendix B p rov id es jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
p resen ta tiv es to c la s s ify w o rk e r s by occu p a tion .

T a b le s A - l th rough A - 6 p r o v id e e stim a tes o f s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p a tion s co m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f




2

u sed

by

B u reau fie ld

re­

E a rn in g s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Omaha, Nebr. —Iowa, October 1979
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S E C R E T A R I E S .........................................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ..........................................................
N O N MA N UF A C T U R I N G................................................
P I J R L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

951
236
715
199

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
A O .O

*2 2 8 .5 0
237 .0 0
2 2 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S * c l a s s a .......................................
N ON M A N U FA C T U R I N G ................................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

132
84

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
A O .O

2 8 6 .5 0
2 9 1 .5 0
3 A 1 .0 0

2 8 8 .5 0
2 8 8 .5 0
3 5 6 .0 0

32
252

265.-30

*21
21
21
25

8
7
3
3

.0
.5
.7
.3

NUMBER

0
0
0
0

* 1 8 8 .0 0 - *2 5 3 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0 - 2 8 8 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0 - 2 5 3 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0 - 3 0 6 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0 2 3 3 .5 0 -

300

320

380

360

125

130

180

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 20

240

260

280

300

320

380

360

3 80

23
5
15

23
8
15

66
28
82

127
26
101
13

63
18
89

109
33
76
21

106
11
95
38

85
8
37
9

86
19
27
28

36
3
33
25

28
9
15
2

81
21
20
13

28
10
14

5

1 50
32
118
30

2
2
2

_

8
5

15
12

11
8

5
4

9
9

-

-

-

9
4
3

6
5
4

7
7
2

10
10
6

14
13
10

6
5
*5

9

6
-

2
-

7
7

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

C L A S S 0 .......................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .........................................................
N 0 N " A N I ! F A C T U R I MG................................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

25 A
70
184
4A

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
A O .O

20 5 .5 0
2 2 9 .3 0
19 7 .0 0
2 3 7 .5 0

2 0 1 .3 0
2 0 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0

1
1
1
1

7
7
7
8

5
5
8
7

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-

2 2 5 .0 0
2 8 7 .3 3
2 1 7 .5 0
2 2 7 .5 0

...................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...................................................
N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

220
43
177
99

A O .O
4 0 .5
3 9 .5
A O .O

2 A 6 .0 0
2A 0 .5 0
2 A 7 . 50
2 8 9 .5 0

2 3 2 .0 0
2 8 2 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0
3 3 3 .5 0

1
2
1
2

9
2
8
3

7
1
8
8

.1
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

-

3 3 3 . 50
2 5 5 . 50
3 3 3 . 50
3 8 2 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ...................................
N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................

171
182

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 6 2 .3 0

2 0 1 .5 0 2 0 1 .5 0 -

3 3 3 . 50
3 3 3 .5 0

-

2 6 3 .5 0

2 8 6 .5 0
2 3 8 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ................................
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G .................... ............................

49

1 9 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0

1 8 7 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 6 0 .3 0 1 8 5 .0 0 -

2 1 8 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 3

_

35

A O .O
3 9 .5

T R A N S C R I R I N G - M A C H I N E T Y P I S T S ....................
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................................
.

193
192

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 A . 50
1 6 A .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0 1 8 8 .0 0 -

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

T Y P I S T S .....................................................................................
N ON M A N U FA C T U R I N G ................................................

375
353

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 6 A . 50

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 8 1 .0 0 1 8 1 .0 0 -

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ...................................................
N ON MA NUFA CTU RTNG................................................

245
229

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 8 .5 0
17 7 .7 0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ...................................................
NONMA N U F A C T U R I N G ....................... ........................

130
128

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1A 3.30
1 A1 . 0 0

F I L E C L E R K S .........................................................................
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................. ...

<*22
409

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S A ......................................
N0NHA NUF A CT UR I N G .................... ............................

60
58

-

-

“

SE C RETARIES.

See footnotes

280

-

2 2 7 .5 0 -

W o r k e r s w e re d is trib u te d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 110 to $ 115.

260

-

2 6 0 .0 0
3 8 6 . 50
2 5 8 .0 3
3 0 6 . 50

*
**

280

-

1 8 0 .0 0 1 7 5 .5 3 1 8 2 .5 0 -

C L A S S C .......................................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ................................................

220

-

2 1 3 .0 0
20 7 .5 0 '
2 1 3 .0 0
2 5 3 .0 0

CLERKS.

2 00

-

2 2 8 .5 0
2 3 A . 50
2 2 6 .3 0
2 6 7 .0 0

FILF

193

-

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .0
A O .O

C L A S S R .......................................
................................................

180

58
10
88
1

325
87
23B
87

CLERKS.

170

6
1
5

S E C R F T A P I E S . c l a s s c .......................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ....................... ...........................
N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

nonm an u facturing

160

-

2 5 3 . 00
25 5 . 00
2 5 3 .0 0

“

-

_
-

-

-

“
-

_
-

“
-

“
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

4
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

7
7

8
4

-

6

9
9

6
6

-

33
8
25

21
4
17

50
17
33

35
14
21

85
4
81

17
2
15

11
2
9

2
7

6

2

19

30
6
28

31
12
19

15
2
13
2

13
-

20
-

2
-

13
13

20
18

2

29
21
8
7

6
5
1

11
8
3

30
8
22

28
8
16
-

58
8
86
2

13

10

38
4
38
17

11

7
7

32
16
16
4

38
10
28
11

15
4
ii
i

53
6
87
16

31
4
27
6

17
2
15
7

4
4
_

13
12
1

1
_

11

17
2
15
1

-

-

-

-

-

18
2
12
12

12
-

16
-

7

39

21

7

31
_

-

-

4
4

1

-

7
18
10

1
-

16

8
31
5

8
_

12
5

1
6

25
17
8

-

31
31

32
2
30
30

7
7

7
7

18
18

4
4

28
26

16
18

23
6

7
1

2
2

1
1

30
30

32
30

5
5

2
2

3
2

11
5

5

2
2

_

2

_

"

2

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

6
i
5

-

-

-

ii

380
AND
OVER

7
2
5
5

-

_

8

-

-

4

3
16
4

_

_

_

_

-

7
5

-

-

_

-

13
13

39
39

25
25

55
55

25
25

13
12

10
10

12
12

1 8 2 . 00
1 7 9 .0 0

-

_

4
4

83
83

30
30

68
67

59
58

88
81

25
25

29
28

29

17
18

10

1 5 2 .5 0 1 5 2 .3 0 -

1 9 2 .0 0
1 8 6 . *50

-

-

_

-

11
11

39
39

82
82

39
37

21
21

27
26

28

9

15

16
14

7

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 1 2 6 .5 0 -

1 5 3 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 3

-

_

19
19

29
28

17
16

5
4

4
4

2
2

5
4

-

15 3 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 1 2 1 .3 0 -

1 8 3 .0 3
1 8 1 .0 0

36
36

31
31

107
107

28
28

90

81
38

18
17

13
13

5
5

7
3

2
1

2
2

3
2

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2A 9 .0 0
2 5 0 .5 3

2 5 2 .5 0
3 0 1 .5 0

1 8 6 .5 1 1 8 1 .1 0 -

3 3 9 .5 0
33 9 . 5 0

_

_

_

«

"

-

8

1
1

4
8

3
3

3
2

1
1

_

-

7
7

3
2

248
237

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

183 .5 0
1 A 3 . 00

1 3 8 .3 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 3 .1 0 -

181 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 3

8
8

25
25

63
63

17
17

58
51

32
29

18

2
2

1

17

9
9

4

1 2 3 .1 0 -

i

-

2
2

11 A
11 A

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 3 .5 0
123 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 0 .3 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

**28
28

6
6

44
44

_

28
28

8
8

_

_

_

_

_

2

6
i

1

9
9
_

3
2
1
1

_
-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

i

~

83
83

i

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

3 at $ 3 8 0 to $ 4 0 0 ; 1 at $ 4 0 0 to $ 4 2 0 ; and 1 at $ 4 2 0 to $ 4 4 0 .

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




OF —

150

-

1 9 3 .5 0 2 0 0 .0 0 9 2 .on-

DOLLARS)

140

_

2 2 8 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0
2 2 6 .3 0

(TN

130

_

2 3 2 .5 0
2 A 2 . 50
2 2 9 .0 0

EARNI NG S

125

-

3 1 6 .5 0 -

WEEKLY

120

_

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

FILE

S T R A IG H T - T I M E

-

3 5 3 .0 0
3 5 3 . 00
36 8 . 33

1

RECEIVING

_

61
191

stenographers

UOR KE RS

115
UNDER
AND
1 1 5 UNDER
120

* c l a s s b .......................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ..........................................................
N 0 M* A NU F A C T U R I N G .................... ............................

se c r e t a r ie s

OF

3

87

_
-

19

_
-

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

_

4
8

5
5

4
4

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

11
11

18
18

11
11

-

-

_

i

_

_

18

-

i

-

-

18

11
11

_

_

_

~

-

-

2
2

11
11

_

_

_

_

_

”

“

-

7

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

“

“

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

NUMBER

Middle range 2

OF WORKERS

115
UNDER
AND
1 1 5 UNDER
120

* 1 2 1 .3 0 - *1 3 2 .3 3
1 2 1 . 3 0 - 1 3 0 . 70
1 2 6 .5 0 - 336 .0 0

13
“

1 4 4 .3 0 1 4 4 .3 0 -

1 9 2 .0 0

-

1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .3 0
1 5 2 .3 0

1 4 0 .3 0 1 5 3 .3 0 1 4 0 .3 0 -

1 9 0 .3 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 8 8 . 50

-

1 9 7 .3 0
1 8 3 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0 1 7 2 .5 0 1 7 4 .0 0 -

2 1 0 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0
2 1 0 .0 0

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 5 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0

1 9 2 .3 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0 1 7 2 .5 0 -

2 4 6 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0

_

79
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 7 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 9 0 .3 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0 1 7 4 .3 0 -

19 4 .5 3
1 9 4 .5 0

-

1 .1 9 9

2 0 5 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0
2 6 7 .0 0

1 9 0 .3 0
2 0 7 .3 0
1 8 9 .5 0
2 7 1 .5 0

1
1
1
2

-

2 3 4 .3 0
2 2 2 .0 0
23 8 . 53
2 8 5 .3 0

-

145
1 .054
339

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 8 .5 0
2 1 4 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0
2 8 7 .5 0

2 0 2 .0 0
2 0 7 .1 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 8 5 .3 0

1 7 4 .0 0 1 8 7 .5 0 1 7 2 .3 0 2 7 8 .3 ,3 -

2 5 0 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0
2 7 8 .0 0
3 2 8 . 00

-

U T I L I T I E S .........................................

662
97
565
179

-

537
48
489

1 8 9 .3 0
1 9 7 .0 0
18 8 .5 3
2 4 3 .5 0

1 7 0 .3
2 1 1 .0
1 6 6 .3
2 7 1 .5

1
1
1
1

-

i

2 1 9 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 3 .0

*1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
2 3 9 .3 0

* 1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
2 6 1 .5 0

82
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 7 .3 0

R E C E P T I O N I S T S ..............................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................

199
38
161

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0

ORDER C L E R K S ....................................................................
M A N U F AC TU RI N G........................................................
NONMA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................

168
49
119

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

ORDER C L E R K S * C L A S S A ...................................
MA NU F AC TU RI N G........................................................

89
39

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S R ...................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
A CC OUN TI NG C L E R K S .....................................................
MA NU F AC TU RI N G........................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................

S W I TC HB OA RD O P E R A T O R S .........................................
NONMA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
S W I TC H BO A RD

PUB LI C

19 6 .5 0

U T I L I T I E S .........................................

0
0
0
0

6 0 .5
8 0 .5
5 8 .5
3 5 .3

4
6
4
7

4
8
4
2

0
0
0
0

EA RNI NG S

< TN

DOLLARS!

OF —

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

203

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

1 90

200

2 23

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 80

112
112
7

18
18
6

27
27

1
1

6
6

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

1
1
1

2
2
2

“

5
5
5

15
15
15

“

~

_

4

_

-

4
4

10
10

-

-

~

“

i
i

”

~

”

"

-

-

-

12
12

18

1

16
3

“

2
2

13
12

9
7

4
3

16
14

1
1

5
5

1
1

35
7
28

27
6

21
1
20

16
6
10

4
-

42
8
34

9
5
a

-

8

_

8
8
“

19
8
ii

26
4
22

3
3

8

46
23
23

34

“

3

-

7

8
a

19
19

3
3

14

11
4

27
23

16
11

20
19

107
15
92
7
64
12
52

17

15

2
15

-

-

-

-

9

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

50
50

137
3
134
18

79
13
66

128
ii
117
25

56
8
48

47
1
46

41
7
34

58
6
52
4

38

90

38
6
32

70

7

i

14

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
~

-

3

-

14
-

7
~

i

14

7

-

2 1 4 .0 0
2 2 4 .5 0
2 1 0 .3 0

-

-

0
3
3
3

-

2 8 5 .0 0
2 5 5 .0 0
2 8 7 .5 3
33 8 . 33

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

79
79

80
80

~

-

~

47
47

-

-

160
133
36
94
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4(1*0
4 0 .0

2 4 1 .5 0
2 3 1 .3 0
2 4 6 .0 0
2 7 3 .5 0

2 0 7 .5 0
2 2 7 .0 0
2 8 5 .3 0

1 8 6 .5
1 8 8 .5
1 8 6 .5
2 0 1 .5

KEY

ENTRY O P E R A T O R S ...............................................
M A NU F AC TU RI N G........................................................
N ON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .........................................

973
71
902
92

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
2 6 3 .5 3

1 5 5 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0
3 2 9 .0 0

1 4 0 .3
1 6 7 .5
1 3 4 .5
1 7 8 .5

0
0
0
0

-

1 7 8 .5 0
2 0 6 .3 3
1 7 8 .5 3
3 3 2 .0 0

KEY ENTRY O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A.............
M A NU F AC TU RI N G........................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .........................................

395
25
370
54

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 3 .0

1
1
1
3

9 .0 0
5 .0 0
9 .5 0
3 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
3 3 2 .3 0

1
1
1
3

0
0
0
0

-

2 3 8 .0 0
2 Q 4 . 00
2 0 8 .3 0
3 3 2 .3 0

KEY ENTRY O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R .............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..................................................
N O N P t N U r t C T U R I N G ...............................................

578
46
532

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 8 .3 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 1 7 3 .3 3 1 2 4 .3 0 -

1 7 0 .3 3
2 3 6 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0

4 8 .0
5 8 .0
4 8 .0
2 9 .5

-

2 7 1 .5 0

-

-

14

i

21

1
1

“

-

U T I L I T I E S .........................................

-

1

-

-

“

2
88
18

“

“

5
65
21

2

3
35

4

1
1

i
i

“

-

“

6
2
4

14

4

-

14

4

“

3
3

6
2

14

4

15
15

_

-

-

“

“

90
13
77
6

1 50
37
113
23

102
28
74
9

23
5
18
15

84
a

41

1 12
26
86
13

79
16
63
4

38
11
27
10
23
9
14
9

1
33

“

380
AND
OVER

“

-

11
30
6

-

-

18
5
13
2

43
3
40
7

49

9

6

6
3
3

12
2
10
6

2
47
“

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

-

~

“

8 1
79

4
3
1
1

16
3
13
10

20
4
16
15

90
2
88
80

i
i
-

13

18

13
13

18
18

17
2
15
15

4
3
1
1

23
12
11
5

7
2
5
5

64
64

22

-

-

“

22
22

“

64

6
6
6

8

9
6
3
1

3
1
2
2

21
3
18
13

-

4
4

1
l
-

-

“
-

-

5

22
1
21

57
3
54

205
3
202

88
9
79

110
2
108

95
20
75
28

51
7
44
5

54
3
51
2

69
21
48
8

10
1
9
i

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

32
3
29

26
5
21

14
2
12

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

“

10
1
9
i

4
4

-

55
7
48
8

-

~

48
48

-

-

52
7
45

-

-

109
109

_

79
79

80

22
1
21

57
3
54

96
3
93

36
2
34

62
2
60

14
14

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

80

4

-

63
17
46

25
2
23

40
1
39

“
17
2
15
15

2

~

-

40
“
40
40

4

2

“
-

19
~
19
19

5
“

-

i
i
-

2
-

-

-

90
2
88
80

4
-

2
4

-

—

”
-

i
1

“

4
2
2

See footn otes at end o f ta b les .




-

0
0
0
0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ..............................................................
M A NU F AC TU RI N G........................................................
N ON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .........................................

8
8
8
1

15

9

-

.3
.5
.0
.5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

PUB LI C

WEEKLY

OPERATOR-

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S A ....................
MA NU F AC TU RI N G........................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
PUB LI C

-

19
19

STRAIGHT - T I M E

-

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A S S B ...................
M A NU F AC TU RI N G........................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................

241
238
42

M E SS E N G E R S ..........................................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .........................................

13

R E C E I V IN G

i
7
2

-

-

_
-

1
1

_
-

”

~

12
1
11
11

2

4
3
1
1

45

3
-

45
45

3
3

-

42
~

3

_

-

42
42

3
3

-

-

-

-

3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6
6

3

2
2

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

NUMBER

Middle range 2

C0MPUTEP SYSTEMS A NALY ST S
( B U S I N E S S ) ........................................................................
N O N * * N U F * C T U R I N R ................................................

20D
183

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

*3 8 3 .3 0
3 8 0 .0 0

*3 8 9 .0 0
3 8 9 .0 0

C OM PUTE R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N F S S ) . C L A S S A ......................................
N 0 N » A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................

65
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 1 4 .5 0
4 1 0 .5 0

4 1 6 .3 0
4 0 8 .5 0

3 8 7 .5 0 3 8 7 .5 0 -

4 4 9 . 50
4 4 9 .5 0

C OM PUT EP S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ......................................
N O N P A N U F A C T U R I M G ................................................

7 0
61

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

37 2 .5 0
3 7 0 .5 0

3 8 5 .5 0
3 8 9 .0 0

3 3 3 .3 3 3 2 6 .5 0 -

C OM PUTE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................
N O N M A NU FA C TU R I NG ................................................

478
52
426

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

31 1 .0 0
30 4 .0 0
31 2 .0 0

3 0 3 .3 0
3 0 6 .0 0
303 .0 0

C OM PUTE R PR OGR AMME RS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A............................................................................
N O N * A N U r A C T U R I N R ................................................

89
82

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

347 .3 0
3 4 6 .0 0

COMPUTE R PR OGR AMME RS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ...........................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...................................................
NONMAN Uc A CTl l R I N G ................................................

257
34
223

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

O P E R A T O R S . ................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .........................................................
NON* A N U F A C T U R I N G .................... .. .......................
P U B L I C u t i l i t i e s ..........................................

266
30
236
78

39
39
39
40

COMPUTE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A .................
N O N M A NU FA C TU R I NG ................................................

57

* 3 6 6 .3 3 - *4 2 6 .0 0
3 6 1 .3 3 - 425 .5 0

OF

WORKERS

R E C E IV IN G

S T R A I G H T - TI ME

WEEKLY

EARNINGS

(IN

DOLL A R S)

-

160

170

1 80

190

200

210

223

240

260

2 83

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

170

180

190

200

210

2 20

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

150
UNDER
AND
1 5 0 UNDER
160

-

6
6

2
2

7
7

4
4

6
6

10
9

9
7

38
36

25
23

25
23

23
22

28
25

13
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

3
3

4
4

12
11

12
12

3
2

15
12

*11
8

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

5
5

2
2

4
4

7
6

3
1

7
5

11
10

8
6

6
6

11
11

2
1

61
7
54

59

53
8
45

38
3
35

22
8
14

8
7
i

53
3
50

67
2
65

_
-

2
-

-

2

4
4

ii
ii

ii
ii

7
7

9
7

16
14

2
1

3
2

20
19

-

2
2

4
4

6
6

6
6

47
1
46

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4 2 7 .5 0
43 2 .5 0

-

-

-

2 6 7 .3 0 2 7 3 .5 0 2 6 5 ,5 1 -

3 8 4 .0 0
357 .0 0
3 8 4 .0 3

_

3
3

3
-

“

3 4 4 .3 9
3 4 3 .3 0

2 8 7 .5 0 2 8 7 .5 0 -

4 1 6 .5 0
4 1 6 . 53

3 2 1 .5 0
3 1 6 .0 0
322 .5 0

3 1 8 .3 0
3 0 7 .3 0
3 1 8 .0 0

2 7 2 .5 0 2 8 5 .5 0 2 7 0 .5 3 -

384 .1 0
3 6 3 .0 3
384 .0 0

-

.5
.5
.5
.0

24 4 .5 0
213 .5 3
248 .5 0
3 1 9 .0 0

2 2 5 .5 0
2 1 4 .5 0
2 3 0 .3 0
3 3 9 .3 0

1 9 7 .3 0 1 9 7 .0 0 -

7
-

1 9 7 .5 0 2 7 1 .5 0 -

2 7 1 .5 3
2 2 3 .5 3
2 8 6 .5 0
3 7 3 .0 0

7

2 8 5 .0 0
2 9 2 .5 0

2 8 8 .5 0
2 9 2 . JO

2 3 1 .0 0 2 3 6 .3 0 -

3 3 9 .0 0
339 .0 0

-

50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

-

COMPUTE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R ................
N O N M A NU FA C TU R I NG ................................................
P t l R L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

155
136
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 3 9 .3 9
2 4 3 .0 0
297 .0 0

2 2 4 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0
2 7 1 .5 0

2 0 4 .0 0 2 0 4 .0 0 2 3 8 .3 0 -

2 6 8 . 50
2 7 1 .5 0
387 .0 0

6
6
“

1
1

o perato rs,
class
C .................
NON^ANUF A C T U R I MG...................................... ...

54
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 1 7 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0

1 8 0 .3 0
1 8 0 .3 0

1 6 0 .5 3 1 5 6 .0 0 -

2 2 0 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0

1
1

13
13

□ R A F T E R S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .............................
N O N M AN UF AC TU R IN G ................................................

283
62
221

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 3 .0

2 6 7 .5 0
243 .5 0
2 7 4 .5 0

2 7 1 .5 0
2 3 2 .5 0
2 7 4 .3 0

2 3 0 .3 0 -

3

1

2 2 8 .3 0 2 3 7 .3 0 -

308 .5 3
2 6 6 .0 0
3 0 8 . 50

1
2

1

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A................................................
N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................

93
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 0 .5 0

3 1 4 .3 0

_

-

3 2 0 .3 0

3 5 0 .0 0
3 5 3 .0 0

-

3 1 9 .0 0

2 7 8 .3 0 2 8 4 .3 0 -

-

-

-

12?
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

260 .5 0

2 3 2 .3 0 2 2 7 .3 0 -

308 .0 0
2 5 9 .0 0

-

-

_

-

2 4 7 .0 0

2 5 4 .5 0
2 4 3 ,8 0

-

-

-

4 0 .0

2 2 3 .5 0

2 2 5 .3 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -

2 7 4 .3 0

1

-

6

3 8 5 .5 0

3 6 5 .3 0

3 4 3 .3 0 -

4 3 4 .3 0

3 5 0 .5 0
3 9 7 .5 0
385 .5 0

34 3 .3 0
4 1 4 .3 0
3 6 5 .3 0

2 9 9 .5 0 3 6 5 .3 '’ 3 4 3 .3 0 -

4 1 4 .0 0
419 .0 0
4 3 4 .0 0

computer

DRAFTERS,

class

b

................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . ............................

DRAFTERS.

CLA SS

C ................................................

61

TECHNICIANS:
U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

28

ELECTRONICS
PUBLIC

ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS. CLASS A.
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ................................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

89
47
28

C

-

-

r

-

C OP PUTFP

4 3 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

-

3

10
10

1
1

7
7

3
1
2

7
3
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
-

-

6
-

i
-

-

2

10

~

6

i

14

1
-

14

1

18
3
15

14
3
11

14
2
12

12
5
7

2

■
_

-

-

1
1

8
6

5
4

_

-

-

1

~

12
10

12
7

28

49
3
46

i
i

3
3

5
3
2

19
1
9

15
1
14

32
3
29

16
2
14

34
8
26

17
1
16

“

-

50
2
48

33
6
27
2

56
8
48
12

10
1
9

9
i
8

2
-

18
-

1
-

13
-

17
-

1
-

2

3

26
1
25
14

18
14

1
1

13
13

17
17

1
1

5
4

15
11

2
2

3
3

8
7

1
1

18
18

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

22
19
2

38
34
12

8
7
3

23
22
14

i
1
i

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
16

_

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

6
4

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

38

47
7
40

19

39
4

13
-

3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

13

8
i
7

6
-

35

18
3
15

6

3

-

-

12
10

9
8

16
14

12
12

7
6

6
6

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

2

“

18
18

10
10
9

2
2
2

-

3
56

i

-

-

-

“

“

9
9

9
7

2
2

-

5

5
1
4

5
5

17
17

13
6
7

37
19
18

_

_

-

-

4
4

7
2

-

15
10

17
7

35
9

10
2

7
i

30
3

2
1

1

i

-

-

-

13

i

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

7

“

9

6
6

~

5

-

14

14

3

-

7
7
7

-

“

12
19
10

4

-

9

-

1

-

-

6
6

5

1

4

8

3

~
~

"

"

9 at $460 to $ 48 0; 1 at $48 0 to $ 5 0 0 ; and 1 at $500 to $52 0.

5

-

-

-

'

460
AND
OVER

i
27

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




O F—

-

11
27
2

-

3
16

-

-

_

-

“

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979
Average
(mean2 )
O ccu p a tion ,

s e x , 3 and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

o ffice

o c cu patio n s

Number
of
worker*

Week^r
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O ccu p a tion ,

-

s e x , 3 and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O F F I C E OC C UPA TI ONS WO REN— C O N T I N U E n

UOWEN
S E C R E T A R I E S ........................................................................

927
236

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

179

*2 2 6 .0 0

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

SUITCHROARn

O ccu p a tion ,

s e x . 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MFN— C O N T I N U E D

OPERATOR-

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) — C ONTTNUEO

2 5 4 .0 0

4 C .0

1 5 9 .5 0
(B U S IN E S S).

3 9 .0

2 2 9 .0 0

4 0 .9
ORDER

323

CLERKS *

CLASS

236

3 9 .9

CLASS

0 ......................................

254
70

3 9 .5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

*4 1 8 .5 9
4 1 4 .0 0

CLASS

R .......................................

61

3 9 .3

3 7 7 .5 0

2 0 3 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0

COMPUTER

2 2 5 .5 0
2 6 7 .0 0

PR OGR AMME RS

(P U SIN E SS):
3 2 9 .5 0

NON MA NU FA C TU R IN G ................................................
SECRETARIES.

48

A ...................................
4 0 .0

M O N " A N U E A C T U R I N G ................................................

A .......................................

(P U SIN E SS)*

191

CLASS

69

2 0 5 .5 0

COMPUTER

P ROGR AMME RS

(B U S IN E S S).

1*969
3 2 9 .0 0

A6

2 0 7 .5 0

926

3 9 .5

1 9 4 .5 0
COMPUTER

A CC OUN TI NG

:

CLE RKS *

CLASS

A ....................

43
S TENO GR APH ERS.

G E N E R A L ................................

48
34

4 0 .5

580

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

:

209 .0 0

493

stenographers

operators

209 .5 0

an

2 4 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

188 .0 0
179 .5 0

3 9 .0

164 .5 0

35

^ 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 1
M A NU F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

47
433

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 3 .5 0

1 9 6 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0

137
3?

2 7 8 .5 9

225 .0 0

2 4 7 .0 0

192
PA YROLL

C L E R K S ...............................................................

26
ELE C TR ONIC S
3 9 .0

TECHNICIANS:

171 .0 0

CLASS

R ..................................................

128
122

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

25
318

3 9 .5
3 9.0

360

575

4 0 .0
4 n •0

E NTRY

OPERATORS*

CLA SS

R .............

132 .5 0

................................................

114

3 9 .0

123 .5 0

M E S S E N G E R S ...........................................................................

203

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

125 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

OCCUPA TI ONS
C OM PUTE R

systfms

-

MEN

analysts

nonm an u eacturing

................................................

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




37

3 °.0
3 9 .0

3 5 7 .5 0

146 .0 0

OC C UPA TIONS
KEY

228
217

n onm anufacturing

3 4 9 .0 0

CLASS

1 4 9 .0 0

529

4 9 .0

TECHNICIANS.

1 8 5 .0 0
17 3 .0 0

13 2 .0 0

37 3
NON * 4 NUF A C T U R I N G ................................................

77

ELECTRONICS

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

3 9 .5

M A NU F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

TYPISTS.

847

A.

( R U S I N E S S ) .........................................................................

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ............................................

6

147

3 9 .0

3 8 6 .5 0

-

WOMEN

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979
Hourly earnings *

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

NUMBER

Median2

4 .8 0
UNOER
AND
4 . 8 0 UNOER
5 .3 0

Number
of
Mean 2

Middle range 2

H A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S .......................................
N0NHA NUF A C T U R I N G ................................................

53
35

*8 .4 9
8 .2 9

S 8 . 46
8 . 23

* 7 .8 8 5 .2 9 -

1 1 .1 1

M AI N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ............................. .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................
N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................

129
131
28

8 .7 7
8 .3 7
1 0 .1 8

8 .3 5
8 .0 7
1 9 .9 9

7 .0 8 7 .0 8 9 .2 7 -

1 0 .2 0
9 .4 1
1 2 .3 7

P A I N T E R S .............................................

27

7 .6 1

8 . 24

5 .8 9 -

9 .8 3

M AI N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S .......................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................

77
71

8 .9 6
8 .8 1

9 . 32
9 .0 2

7 .6 5 7 .6 5 -

1 0 .2 0
1 0 .2 0

M AI N T E N A N C E M E CH A N I C S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) . .
M A NU FACTURING ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4**
7
430

7 .9 7
7 •93

7 .5 4
7 .3 2

7 .1 0 7 .1 3 -

8 .7 6
8 .4 0

M A I N T E NA N CE M E C HA NI C S
( MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ......................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .........................................................
N O N M A N UF AC TU R I NG ................................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

382
45
337
316

9 .4 8
7 .7 0
9 .7 2
9 .7 3

1 0 . 28
7 .5 4
1 0 .2 8
1 0 .2 8

P I P E F I T T E R S ...................................

65

9 .5 5

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...................................................
N O N M A N UF AC TU R I NG ................................................

217
126
91

7 .5 4
7 .5 2
7 .5 7

M AI N T E N A N C E

M A I N TE NA N CE

8 .0
7 .0
1 0 .2
1 0 .2

3
0
8
8

* 9 .9 4

-

1 0 .4 8
7 .8 7
1 0 .4 8
1 0 .4 8

9 .8 3

9 .3 3 6 .3 4 6 .4 5 6 .2 3 -

8 .6 5
8 .0 9
8 .6 5

U OR KE RS

-

_

_

-

-

R E C E I V IN G

STRAIGH T-TIM E

EARNINGS

(TN

DOLLARS)

OF—

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 . 8011 .2 0 1 1 • 6 3 1 2 .0 0
4ND
OVER
9 . 6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 . 2011 .6 0 1 2 .3 0

9 .2 9

5 . 20

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 3

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

5.2 0

5.4 3

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 3

8 . 40

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

4
4

1
1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

7

-

11
9

4

-

~

“

~

3
-

4
4

2
-

_

_

-

-

7
7

20
20

1
1

15
15

_

-

_

1

1

13
13

-

12
6
6

ii
ii

3
3

10
10

6
6
11
11

6
6

9

-

8
~

“

9

-

-

-

-

10
4

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

4

-

-

3

7

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9

12
12

4
4

-

5
5

8
8

-

-

3
3

_

-

3
3

9

-

i
i

22
22

10
9

43
43

55
49

-

20

144
4
140
140

-

“

108
1
107
107

31

4

1

-

-

23
15
8

3
2
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

18
18

18
18

24
23

34
34

58
57

110
110

24
24

32
32

15
7

4
4

-

-

3
-

-

3
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

3
3
-

7
7
_

3
3
-

13
10
-

-

2
2
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

66
11
55
54

-

-

"

-

-

-

2

8

-

-

-

-

4

9

14
5
9

26
22
4

24
24

4

22
18
4

39
6
33

3
-

3
3

2
2

-

3
3

_

_

-

-

9
-

-

-

_

9

-

6
4
2

7
7

*
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as f o llo w s : 1 under $ 4 .2 0 ; 1 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 1 at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 2 at $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
**
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as f o llo w s : 2 at $ 12 to $ 12.40; and 6 at $ 12.80 to $ 13.20.
* * * W o r k e r s w e r e under $ 4 .2 0 .
S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




HOURLY

5.0 0

9 .9 4

7 .5 5
7 . 55
8 .0 2

5
*5

OF

7

34
27
7

-

2
2

3

_
-

~

20

”
-

-

”

“

-

9
~
9
9

_

“

~

6
-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979
Hourly earnings *

O ccup ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

T R U C K D R I V E R S ....................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .........................................

1 * 99*5
307
1 *6R8
956

T R U C K D R I V E R S * * L I G H T T R U C K .......................
N ON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................

Mein 2

NUMBER

DOLLARSI

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 . 80

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 • 40

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 . 20

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 3

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0

31
31

2
2

8
8

30
30

16

1
1
-

6
3
3

5
5

2
1
1

78
78
-

103
95
8

459
459

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

“

330
330
330

*613

-

24
14
10
10

4
4

-

87
27
63
-

63
42
21

~

8
6
2
-

29
19
10

-

96
21
75
-

-

16

28
28

2
2

8
8

24
24

16
16

_

3

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

54
54

1

-

_

_

_

-

-

6
-

_

-

3
-

2
-

-

3

-

6

23
6
17

-

-

-

-

-

11
7
4

1
1
-

-

-

1
-

3
3

19
18
1

3
-

9
4
5

3
3

6
8

3 .5 03 .5 0 -

5 .1 2
5 .1 2

_

T R U C K O R I V F R S * MEDIUM T R U C K ....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ...............................................
NONMA NHFA CTUR ING................................................

494
29

9 .2 3
6 .6 9

6 .7 6 6 .0 2 8 .0 7 -

1 0 .1 8
6 .8 5
1 0 .1 8

_

465

8 .6 3
6 .3 2
8 .7 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S . T RA C T O R - T R A I L E R . . . .
MA NU F AC TU RI N G.........................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG......................................... .
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .........................................

1 .15B
92
1 *066
722

9 .4 2
6 .9 0
9 .6 4
9 .9 3

0
3
0
8

9 .2 7 7 .1 2 9 .2 8 '9 .6 0 -

10
7
10
10

S H I P P E R S .................................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ................................................
NONMA NUFA CTU RI NG................................................

117
77
41

5 .3 5
5 .7 2
4 .6 5

5 .6 3
5 .8 0

4 .7 5 5 .0 9 3 .9 5 -

5 .8 0
5 .8 0
5 .1 6

-

_

-

-

4 .7 5

-

“

R F C E I V F R S ......................... ....................................................
M ANU FACTURING.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ............................................

117
25
92

5 .4 1
6 .4 9
5 .1 2

5 .0 9
6 .9 0
4 .4 5

3 .8 5 5 .9 1 3 .7 0 -

6 .9 0
7 .3 6
5 .9 5

15
15

_
-

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S ......................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .....................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................

125
49

6 .2 8

76

5 .5 7
6 .7 5

5 .4 8
5 . 35
6 .7 5

4 .8 7 5 .1 0 4 .7 2 -

8 .7 1
5 .4 8
9 .1 1

WAREHOUSEMEN....................................................................
M A NU F AC TU RI N G.........................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG...............................................

770
96
674

8 .3 4
6 .0 2
8 .6 7

8 .9 6
5 .4 9
8 .9 6

8 .9 6 5 .0 9 8 .9 6 -

8 .9 6
6 .9 9
8 .9 6

ORDER F I L L F R S ..................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ...........................................

54 8
147
401

6 .0 1
7 .3 0
5 .5 3

5 .8 0
7 .2 0
4 .6 5

4 .0 4 6 .8 0 3 .6 0 -

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S . . . . . ..........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ...................................... ...
NON MA NU F AC TU RI N G.................... ...........................

314
127
177

5 .5 4
6 . 16
5 .0 9

4 .6 5
6 .5 9
4 .6 5

M A T E R I A L H A NDL I NG L A R O R E R S . . . . . . . . .
MANUF A C T U R I N G . . ......................................... ... .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ...........................................

704
443
261

5 .9 8
6 .5 2
5 .0 8

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ..................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..................................................
NON MA NUFA CTU RI NG................................................

577
352
225

7 .6 0
7 .3 7
7 .9 7

-

-

2

-

-

1
1

2

5
5

-

2

63
3
60

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

“

4
4

1
1

8
8

3
1
2

5
1
4

4
4

11
-

-

11

5
-

_

8

“

3

9
9

3
-

5

5
5

3

-

9
9

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

14
14

22
22

14
14

6
6

“

8
8

5
-

“

6
6

~

“

-

-

1
-

-

-

i
-

_

-

4
-

-

-

3
3

42
9

-

4

i

1

46
19
27

21
21

-

2
1
1

-

7 .5 2
7 .4 9
7 .8 9

_

-

-

-

13
*

5
5

55
-

-

61
61

31
-

-

33
33

3 .5 9 3 .6 0 3 .3 5 -

7 .9 8
8 .5 1
5 .1 2

_

32
15
17

31
3
28

13
13

5 . 82
6 .6 1
4 .5 0

5 .1 0 5 .8 0 3 .6 0 -

6 .9 0
7 .0 0
5 .4 0

“

41
41

9
9

8 .2 0
6 .5 3
9 .0 1

6 .2 1 6 .0 1 6 .2 5 -

9 .0 1
8 .9 6
9 .0 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

31

i
7

10
10

7
7

4
4

“
49
3
46

17
4
13

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

541 at $ 9 .8 0 to $ 10.20; and 72 at $ 10.20 to $ 10.60.

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .

8

1

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

8

23
14
9

2
2

2
2

10
-

3
-

-

~

-

10

3

-

120

-

71

_

1
-

-

314
-

330
-

314

330
330

-

_

2
2

15
15

-

_

-

-

“

-

29

-

-

-

-

i
7

13

-

-

_

-

«

-

9

12

71
-

12
4
8

41
34
7

4
4

3
3

1
1

5
5

14

1
-

8
8

1

5
2
3

3
3

3
3

5
5

11

33

-

35
-

3
-

43
-

55

35

3

43

80
-

30
12
18

-

-

80

5
5

5

“

10
10

1
-

12
-

-

“

110
97
13

3

3

-

-

-

5
4

4
1
3

6
6

13
8
5

89
40
49

50
28
22

91
90
1

1
i

1
1

_

12
1
11

71
53
18

16
1
15

41
38
3

-

613
613

_

12
9
3

1

3

-

-

.1 8
.1 3
.1 8
.1 8

9 .8 0
ANO
OVER

4 .4 0

3 .8 0
3 .8 0

9 .6
7 .1
9 .6
1 0 .1

OF—

4 .2 0

4 .2 2




(IN

4 .0 0

4 .1 5

*
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
** W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 9 .8 0 to $ 10.20.

EARNINGS

3 .8 0

132

9 .2 3

HOURLY

3 .6 0

139

.5
.4
.2
.6

S T R A I G H T - TIME

3 .4 0

* 9 .2 8

*7
6
9
9

RECEIVIN G

3 .2 0

*8 .6 4
6 .8 9
8 .9 6
9 .9 6

7 .1 3
9 .6 0
1 0 .1 8

5 - *1 0 .1 8
07 .5 5
3 - 1 0 .1 8
3 - 1 0 .1 8

WORKERS

3 .3 0

2 .9 0
AND
UNDER
3 .0 0

Middle range 2

Median*

OF

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

-

8

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

11

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

59
58
1

52
50
2

it
i i

20
7
13

15
14

10
10

_
-

20
20

-

-

-

-

12
12

43
43

~
7
7

143
143

24
24

61
61

_

-

-

31
17
14

~

-

1
1

-

30
30

5
-

20
-

5

20

-

_

“

-

221
221

-

-

-

392
392
392

29

“

“

535
7
52 8

33
3
30

1
1
“

49
49

69

28
28

-

_

-

-

8

-

120

-

1

-

“

1

7
62

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

10
10

_

22

-

-

“

26
26

14
12
2

51

140
-

51

140

-

-

**78
78

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Omaha, N ebr.-low a, October 1979— Continued
Hourly earnings 4

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d ivisio n

NUMBER

Number
of
Mean2

Median2

2 .9 0
AND
UNDER
3 .0 0

Middle range 2

810
51
759

S 3 .4 6
6 .6 9
3 .2 5

* 2 .9 0
7 .5 4
2 .9 0

*2 .9 0 5 .1 6 2 .9 0 -

*3 .1 3
8 .0 6
3 .0 5

A ......................................................

194

4 .5 4

4 .4 9

3 .0 3 -

5 .1 9

G U A R D S * C L A S S R ......................................................
N O N MA NU FA C TU R IN G............................. ..................

613
595

3 .1 2
3 .0 7

2 .9 0
2 .9 0

2 .9 0 2 .9 0 -

J A N I T O R S . P O R T F R S . AND C L F A N E R S . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...................................................
N O N M A NU FA C TU R I NG................................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ..........................................

1 .989
229
1 .760
146

3 .7 6
5 .7 2
3 .5 1
6 .4 2

3 .1 0
5 .2 3
3 . 10
7 .0 0

2
4
2
4

G U A R D S ........................................................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . ...................................................
N O N » A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................................
GUARDS «

CLASS

.9
.6
.9
.5

J
9
0
7

-

446
2
444

OF

WORKERS

R E C E IV IN G

HOURLY

EARNINGS

(IN

DOLL A R S)

OF—

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5.4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 3

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0

23
4
19

9
i
8

3
3

1
1

3
3

6
6

8
8

-

“

23
13
10

“

“

“

“

*

8

-

13

-

8

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

38
14
24

18
4
14
6

-

16
16

-

-

165
1
164

35
1
34

13
1
12

3
3

9
1
8

2
-

8
-

16

2

8

16

37
6
31

-

85

-

-

-

-

-

6

15

31

19

3 .0 3
3 .0 0

446
444

80
79

35
34

13
12

3
3

9
8

2
2

2
2

1
1

3

4

i

-

-

-

-

3 .6 0
6 .6 1
3 .3 5
7 .7 3

672
13
659

482

249

89

52

2
87
4

6
46
6

34
2
32
12

14
2
12
5

14
5
9
9

71
55
16
4

29
13
16
4

16
4

482

7
242

30
13
17
3

14
11
3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




S TR A IG H T - T I M E

9

12
2

-

3

37
32
5
5

1

_

-

3

-

23
23
-

33
7
26
26

6

58
58
58

-

9 .80
AND
OVER

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979
O cc u p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
( mean*)
hourly
earnings4

O cc u p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in du stry d iv is io n

123
131

7 4 TR UC KD RIV ERS
R .37

-

77
71

M AI N T E N A N C E

(M A C H IN E R Y )..

B .96
B .81

446
429

7 .9 7
7 .9 2

M EC HA NI CS
3«2

O ccu p a tio n , s e x , 3 and in d u stry d iv is io n

337
U T I L I T I E S .........................................

316

T RA C T O R - T R A I L E R . . . .

N O N * A N U F A C T U R I N G ..........................• • • • • • •
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .........................................

1 ,1 3 6

1 9 .4 2

NOMMA NUFA CTUR ING................................................

708

52
35

5 .8 1
4 .7 1

JANITORS,

CLA SS

B ......................................................

PORTFRS,

AND

C L F A N E R S ....

513

3 .0 4

1 ,3 1 1

3 .8 1
5 .8 6

9 .4 8
1 .1 1 «

9 .7 2
9 .7 3
ANO

3 .1 9

9 .9 3

6 .8 9

R E C E I V E R S ......................................

87

W AR EH OU SE ME N....................................................................

75P
673

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
OCCUP ATI ON S

AMD C U S T O D I A L
WOMEN

8 .3 8

N O N M AN UF AC TU R IN G...............................................

125
93

636
168

GU ARDS,
S H I P P E R S .................................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..................................................
N O N MA NU FA C TU R IN G...............................................

SHIPPERS

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings4

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D

R E C E I V F R S . . . . . . . ........................................................
PUBLIC

Number
of
workers

C ON TI N UE D

TRUCKORIVERS.

M E C HA NI C S

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings4

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C ON TI N U E D

M A I N T E N A N C E ? T O O L R O O M , AND
POWE R PL AN T O C C U P A T I O N S MEN

M AI N T E N A N C E

Number
of
workers

8 .6 7

7 .5 3
7 .5 6

5 .3 2
5 .5 4

7 .7 1

4 .8 9
MATERIAL

movement

OC C UPA TIONS

AND
-

CUSTODI AL

ORDER

F I L L E R S ..................................................................

190

m an u factu rin g

........................................................

142
215

7.3 Q
6 .9 2

5 .2 9

TR U C K Q R IV E P S .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 .1 0

NONMANUF a c t u r i n g ...............................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ................................ . . .

6 .5 8
9 .9 9

6 .1 2
M ATE RIA L

T R U C K H R I V E R S t L I G H T T R U C K .......................
NONMANUFA C T U R I N G ...............................................
T R U C K O R I V E R S , MEDIUM T R U C K . . . . . . .
M A N U FA C TU R IN G .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NON* ANUF A C T U R I N G ....................... . .....................




3 .9 9

7 .0 7

MEN

H AN DL I NG

L A B O R E R S ..........................

671

5 .9 7

139

447

7 .2 6

2^2

8 .7 7

10

7 .9 5

583

3 .2 8
4 .9 6
3 .1 7

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, for selected periods
S e p te m b e r 1972
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

to
S e p tem ber 1973

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______ ____________
________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _________________________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s _____ _____________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s . . . __________________
U n s k illed plan t w o r k e r s ___ __
_______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________ _____ __________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _________________________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ____________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s _________________________
U n s k illed plan t w o r k e r s _____________________________
N on m an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _________________________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ______________________ ___________
U n s k illed plan t w o r k e r s ___ _______________________

S e p te m b e r
7$
to O c t o b e r 1974
13-m o n th
Annual ra te
in c r e a s e
o f in c r e a s e

O c t o b e r 197f>

O c to b e r 19 7^

O c to b e r 1977

to

to

to

to

O cto b e r 1978
to

O c t o b e r 1975

O c to b e r 1976

O cto b e r 1977

O cto b e r 1978

O cto b e r 1979

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

6.4
5.6

12.6
7.5

11.6
6.9

9.1
9.6

7.6
9.4

9.2
6.5

7.4
6.9
11.0
8.7
8.4

(6 )

(6 )
( )
(6 )

(6 )

c>
( )
(6 )

(?)

(?)

(?)

( >
(6 )

( )
(6 )

(?)
(6 )

7.0
6.9

10.8
8.3

9.9
7.6

10.0
8.8

8.3
11.9

8.5
10.2

9 .7
8.0

10.0
8.7

6.0

10.4
10.7

9.6
9.8

8.6
9.4

6.9
6.4

7.7
12.0

7.3
6.6
(‘ )
8.8

9.2
10.7

6.2
(‘ >
(‘ )

( >
(6 )

(?)
(6 )

4.9

10.4
9.9

(6 )

6.9

9.6
9.1

( >
(6 )

8.8
9.6

6.8
6.3

7.9
11.4

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

6.4

10.0

8.1

4.5

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




O c t o b e r 1974

11

9.1
10.5
7.6
9.8
9.1

(?)
( >
(6 )

(6 )

9.3

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979
O ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n b ein g c o m p a r e d —
O c c u p a tio n w h ich equ als

Class A

S E C R E T * P I E S t C L A S S » .............................
S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S «*.............................
S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C .............................
se c r e t a r ie s,
c l a s s n .............................
S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ..........................
S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L .......................
T R A N S C R I B I N G —MA CHI NE T Y P I S T S . .
T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A.........................................
T Y P I S T S . C L A S S R .........................................
F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S A.............................
F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S R .............................
F I L E C L E R K S , C L A S S C .............................
M E S S E N G E R S ...........................................................
S U I T C H R O A RO O P E R A T O R S ..........................
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R R E C E P T I O N I S T S ...............................................
ORDER C L E R K S , C L A S S A..........................
ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S R ..........................
A C C O UN T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A . . . .
A CC O UN T IN G C L E R K S , C L A S S R . . . .
P A Y RO LL C L E R K S ...............................................
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A . .
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R . .

Stenographers

Secretaries

100

100
121
156
163
(6)
< 6>
14 R
178
176
121
IBR
192
182
143
148
(6)
(6)
139
166
127
140
174

Class B

Class C

Class D

Senior

100
118
142
(6 )
112
131
(6 )
105
137
(6)
156
113

100
111
113
108
113
120
(6)
129
143
148
(6.)

100
134
127
114
144
112
138
(6)
126
(61

I ll
(6)
(6)
95
109
97
133
112

134
(6)
(6)
103
107
96
(6)
141

Tran­
scribingmachine
General typists

Typists

File clerks
Messengers

Switch­
Switch­
board
board operatoroperators recep­
tionists

Class A

Class B

Class A

Class B

Class C

100
116
98
119
126
119
92

100
85
104
111
(6)
81

100
128
140
(6 1
(61

100
106
111
80

100
(6)
72

100
74

88
(61
(61
99
119
96
(61
135

90
(61
84
75
90
74
84
94

(61
(61
(6)
70
(61
66
(61
87

83
(61
(61
73
86
72
79
91

(61
(61
(61
91
110
89
(61
119

Key entry operators
Payroll
clerks

no

107
(6 )
(6 )
77
96
77
(61
101

Accounting clerks

Order clerks

Class A

Class B

Class A

100
90
(61
(61
86
102

100
119
100
108
131

100
88
90
107

Class A

Class B

Class B

100
126

100

n o
121
136
134
135
127
153
(6)
120
160
165
173
125
126
(6 )
123
119
147
121
127
142

131
<61
112
103
127
105
111
121

100
( 61
( 61
(61
( 61
(61
( 61
95
( 61
112
(61
( 61
( 61
( 61
80
( 61
( 61

100
106
119
96
125
133
(61
97

97

102
(61
(6)
94
115
88
(61
114

(61
(6 1
84
94
7P
94
103

100
81
99
89
99
87
95
108

100
119
104
111
117
(61
112

103
112
(61

P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ica l o ccu p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —
Computer systems analysts (business)

Class A

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! , C L A S S A.............................
COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S R .............................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A.............................
C OMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S R .............................
COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A . . .
COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S R . . .
COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S c . . .
d rafters,
class
a ......................................
D R A F T E R S . C L A S S 8 ......................................
D R A F T E R S , C L A S S C ......................................
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,
C L A S S A ..................................................................

Class B

Computer programmers (business)

Class A

Computer operators

Class B

Class A

Class B

Drafters

Class C

Class A

Class B

Class C

Electronics
technicians,
class A

100
138

100

126

135

130

155
150
180
238
(6 )
160
(6 )

138
144
169
(6 )
129
161
(6)

121
123
1 47
170
(61
(6 )
( 6)

130
131
126
132
(6 )
(6)
(6)

100
122
146
108
123
(6 )

(6 )

114

( 6)

132

96

100
119
95
108
(61

100
(6)
(6)
(6 )

100
126
148

100
121

100

76

(6 )

106

86

( 6)

100

S ee footn ote at end o f t a b le s .

N O T E : T a b le s A - 8 and A -9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pay r e la tio n s h ip b e tw e e n p a ir s o f o c c u p a tio n s w ithin e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F o r e x a m p le , a va lu e o f 122 in d ica te s that e a r n in g s fo r the
o c c u p a tio n d ir e c t ly above in the heading are 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a va lu e o f 85 in d ic a te s e a r n in g s fo r the
o c c u p a tio n in the heading are 15 p e r c e n t b e lo w e a rn in g s fo r the o c c u p a tio n on the stub.
S ee appendix A f o r m e th o d o f com pu tation .




12

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1979
M ain ten an ce, t o o lr o o m , and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n being c o m p a r e d —
O ccu p a tion w h ich equ a ls 100
Stationary engineers
Motor vehicles

100

MA I NT ENA NC E c a r p e n t e r s . .
MA I NT ENA NC E E L E C T R I C I A N S
M A INTE NA NC E P A I N T F P S . . . .
M A INTE NA NC E M A C H I N I S T S . .
M AI NTE NA NC E M E C H A N I C S
( M A C H I N E R Y ) ...................................
M AI N TE NA N CE M EC H A N I C S
( MO TO R V E H I C L E S ) ............. ...
M AI NTE NA NC E P I P E F I T T E R S .
station ary
e n g in e e r s. . . .

100

92
109

126

100

102

( 6)

100
100
10*
( 6)

( 6)
(6)

100

101

88

10*

100
(6)
10*

(6)
105

106

100
1 00

M a te r ia l m o v e m e n t and cu s to d ia l o c c u p a tio n being c o m p a r e d Truckdriveis
Shippers
Light truck

TRUCKDRIVERS,
TRUCKDRIVERS.

MA TERIA L

HFOI UM T R U C K . . . .
TRACTOR-TRAILER.

H AN DL I NG

L A B O R E R S ....

107
(6)
( 6>
( 6)
(6)
(6 )
(6 )
<6 )
(6 )

Medium truck

103
99
(6 )
106
(6)
(6)
103
(6 >

in
106
R5
161

JANITORS.

PORTERS.

Receives

Shippes and
receives

Warehousemen

Order f il l es

Tractor-trai 1er

103
1*1
115
(6)
1C3
124
(6)
(6)
107
(6)
182

100
100
(6 )
(6)
10*
112
111
101
(6)
(6)

116

109

100
(6)
102
107

121

Material
handling
labores

Guards
Janitors, porters,
and cleaners

Forklift
operatore
Class A

Class B

103
115
103
95
122

100
(6)
(6)
103
101
100
(6)
(6)

100
100
(6)
106
102
(6 )
(6 )

100
103
10*
95
(6)
(6 )

100
99
101
102
(6)

100
95
(6)
107

100
(6 )
11*

100
(6)

100

118

120

(6)

11*

107

109

110

130

99

AND
121

Shipping packes

100

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .

N O T E : T a b le s
d ir e c t ly a b o v e in the
a r e 15 p e r c e n t b elow
S ee a pp en dix A

A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e pay re la tio n sh ip b etw een p a ir s o f o ccu p a tio n s w ithin e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F o r e x a m p le , a value o f 122 in d ica te s that ea rn in gs fo r the occu p a tion
heading a r e 22 p e rce n t g r e a t e r than earnings f o r the o cc u p a tio n d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila r ly , a v alu e o f 85 in d ica te s ea rn in gs fo r the occu p a tion in the heading
ea rn in g s f o r the o ccu p a tio n in the stub.
f o r m e th o d o f com putation .




13

Footnotes

1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at
reg u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese
w eekly h ou rs.
2 The m ean is com pu ted fo r ea ch jo b by totalin g the earn in g s o f all
w o rk e r s and dividing by the n u m ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d esign ates
p osition — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sa m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the sam e o r le s s than the rate show n. The m id d le range is defin ed by two
rates o f pay: a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s ea rn the sa m e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th ese rates and a fou rth earn the sa m e o r m o r e than the h igh er rate.




3 E arnings data relate only to w o r k e r s w h ose sex id en tifica tion was
p rov id ed by the establish m en t.
4 E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s,
h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
5 E stim a tes fo r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 rela te to m en only fo r
s k ille d m aintenance and u nskilled plant w o r k e r s . A ll oth er estim a te s relate
to m en and w om en.
6 Data do not m eet pu blication c r it e r ia o r data not a v a ila b le.

14

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In ea ch o f the 72 1 a r e a s c u r re n tly su rv ey ed , the B u reau obtain s
w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits data fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m e n ts w ithin
s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tra n sp orta tion , co m m u n ica tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; re ta il tra d e; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
G overn m en t op era tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n
and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s are ex clu d e d . E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s are a lso ex clu d ed b e c a u s e o f in su ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied. A ppendix table 1 show s the num ber
o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s estim a ted to be w ithin the s c o p e o f this su rv e y ,
as w e ll as the n u m b er a c tu a lly studied.
B u re a u fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v is its at 3 - y ear
in t e r v a ls . In e a ch o f the tw o in terven in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loy m en t
and o c c u p a t io n a l ea rn in g s o n ly is c o lle c te d b y a com b in a tion o f p e r s o n a l v isit,
m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and telep h on e in terv iew fr o m esta b lish m en ts p a rticip a tin g
in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p le o f the esta b lis h m e n ts in the s c o p e o f the su r v e y is s e le c t e d
f o r study p r io r to ea ch p e r s o n a l v is it su r v e y . This s a m p le , le s s esta b ­
lis h m e n ts w h ich g o out o f b u s in e s s o r are no lo n g e r w ithin the in d u stria l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is re ta in e d f o r the follow in g two annual s u r v e y s . In
m o s t c a s e s , e s ta b lis h m e n ts new to the a r e a are not c o n s id e r e d in the s c o p e
o f the s u r v e y u ntil the s e le c t io n o f a sa m p le fo r a p e r s o n a l v is it su r v e y .
T he sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in volve d eta iled str a tific a tio n o f all e sta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f an in dividu al a rea s u r v e y b y in d u stry and
n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m this s tra tifie d u n iv erse a p r o b a b ility sa m p le
is s e le c t e d , w ith ea ch e s ta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e ­
le c t io n . T o o b ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n
o f la r g e than s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d . When data are c o m b in e d ,
ea ch e s ta b lis h m e n t is w eig h ted a c c o rd in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n so
that u n b ia sed e s t im a te s a r e g e n e ra te d . F o r ex am p le, if one out o f fou r
e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is given a w eigh t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plus
th r e e o t h e r s . A n a ltern a te o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o s e n in the
sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c la s s if i c a t io n if data a re not ava ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l
s a m p le m e m b e r . If no su ita b le su bstitu te is a v a ila b le, ad ditional w eigh t is
a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O cc u p a tio n s and e a rn in g s
O cc u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study are c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and are o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1)
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m , *

* Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, O hio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area
studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S.


D epartm ent o f Labor.


and p ow erp lan t; and (4) m a te r ia l m o v em en t and cu s to d ia l. O ccupational
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n iform set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s design ed to take
accou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a ria tion in duties w ithin the sam e jo b .
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d fo r study are lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e r w is e in d ica ted , the ea rn in gs data follow in g the jo b
title s are fo r all in d u strie s c o m b in e d . E a rn in gs data fo r som e o f the
o ccu p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in du stry d iv ision s within the
s c o p e o f the su rv e y , are not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s tables becau se
eith e r (1) em p loy m en t in the occu p a tio n is too sm a ll to p rov id e enough data
to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
esta b lish m en t data. Sep arate m e n 's and w o m e n 's earn ings data are not
p r e se n te d w hen the num ber o f w o r k e r s not iden tified by sex is 20 p ercen t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en id en tified in an occu p a tion . E arnings data
not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s are included in data fo r all
in d u stries c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , fo r occu p a tio n s with m o r e than one le v e l,
data a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n w hen a su b c la ss ific a tio n is
not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le.
O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t and earn in g s data are shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , th ose h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le. E arnings
data e x clu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olida ys,
and late s h ifts . N on p rod u ction b on u ses are ex clu d ed , but c o s t -o f-liv in g
a llow a n ces and in cen tiv e b on u ses are in clu d ed . W eek ly hours fo r o ffic e
c le r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s r e fe r to the standard
w ork w eek (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w hich em p loyees r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at regu lar
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in g s fo r th ese occu pation s are
roun ded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r . V e r t ic a l lin e s w ithin the distribu tion of
w o r k e r s on so m e A -t a b le s in d ica te a change in the s iz e o f the c la s s in terv a ls.
T h e se su r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o ccu p a tio n a l earnings in an a rea
at a p a r tic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in dividu al o ccu p a tion a l av erag es ov e r
tim e m a y not r e f le c t ex p ected w age ch a n g es. The a v e ra g e s fo r individual jo b s
are a ffe cte d by ch a n g es in w a g es and em p loy m en t pa ttern s. F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e tte r jo b s and be rep la ced by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such sh ifts in em p loy m en t co u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
pation al a v e ra g e even though m o s t esta b lish m en ts in an a rea in cr e a s e w ages
du ring the y e a r . C h an ges in earn in g s o f o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s, shown in table
A - 7, are b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w age tren d s than are earn ings changes fo r
in dividu al jo b s w ithin the g ro u p s.
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw ide e stim a te s . Industries
and e sta b lish m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b sta ffin g , and thus contribute
d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b . P a y a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in dividual estab lish m en ts.

A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion s should
not be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the se x e s w ithin in dividu al
esta b lish m en ts.
F a c to r s w hich m a y con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate ra n g es (on ly the ra tes paid in cu m bents a r e
c o lle c te d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties w ithin the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s
u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u sed in individu al esta b lish m en ts
and a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo rm e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll e s t a b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber a ctu a lly su rv ey ed .
B eca u se o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r , e stim a tes of
o ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h e se
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the earn in g s data.

P e r ce n t changes fo r in dividu al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a re com pu ted
as fo llo w s :
1. A v era g e earn ings a re com p u ted f o r e a c h occu p a tion fo r
the 2 y ea rs being c o m p a re d .
The a v e r a g e s are d e r iv e d
fr o m earn ings in th ose e sta b lish m e n ts w hich a r e in
the su rv ey both y e a r s ; it is a s su m e d that em p loym en t
rem ains unchanged.
2.

Each occu pation is a s sig n e d a w eigh t b a sed on its p r o ­
portion ate em p loym ent in the occu p a tion a l grou p in the
base y ea r.

3.

T h ese w eights a re u sed to com p u te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
Each occu p a tio n 's a v e ra g e earn in g s (com p u ted in step 1)
is m u ltip lied by its w eight.
T he p r o d u cts a r e totaled to
Obtain a grou p a v era g e.

4.

The ra tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com puted by dividing the a v e r a g e fo r the cu r re n t y e a r by
the av era g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e rce n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l grou ps
T h e p e r ce n t in c r e a s e s p r e se n te d in ta ble A -7 a r e b a sed on changes
in a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en in esta b lish m en ts r e p o rtin g the
tren d jo b s in both the c u r re n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e sta b lish m e n ts).
The data a r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c ts on a v e r a g e earn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am ong e sta b lish m en ts and tu rn ov er o f e sta b lish m e n ts in clu ded
in su rv ey s a m p le s.
T he p e r ce n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s till a ffe c te d by
fa c to r s oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m ay a ffe c t
an esta b lish m en t a v e r a g e fo r an occu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a re paid under plans
p rovidin g a ran ge o f w age ra te s fo r in dividu al jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m ay en ter at the b o tto m o f the ra n g e,
d e p re ss in g the a v e r a g e w ithout a change in w age ra tes.
The p e r ce n t ch a n ges re la te to w age ch a n ges betw een the in d ica ted
dates.
W hen the tim e span b etw een su rv e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
rates a re a ls o show n,
(it is a s s u m e d that w ag es in c r e a s e at a con stan t rate
betw een s u r v e y s .)
O ccup ations u sed to com pu te w age tren d s a r e :
O ffice c l e r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g —
Continued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M ess en g ers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s
O rd e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K ey en try o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
C om p u ter s y s te m s analysts,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C




In d u stria l n u rses
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
nur s e s
S k illed m a in ten an ce
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in ters
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch in e ry )
M ech a n ics (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs
U n sk illed plant
J a n ito r s, p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te ria l handling la b o r e r s

F o r a m o r e detailed d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com pu te th ese
w age tr e n d s , see "Im p rov in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly L a b or
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e r a g e pay relation sh ip s within esta b lish m en ts
R ela tive m e a su re s o f o ccu p a tio n a l pay a r e p r e s e n te d in ta ble A - 8
fo r w h ite -c o lla r occu p ation s and in ta ble A - 9 fo r b l u e -c o lla r occu p a tio n s.
T h e se r e la tiv e valu es r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay betw een occu p a tion s w ithin
in dividu al estab lish m en ts. R ela tive pay v alu es a r e com p u ted b y dividing an
esta b lis h m e n t's av era g e earnings fo r an occu p a tio n being c o m p a r e d by the
a v e ra g e fo r another occu p ation (d esig n a ted as 100) and m u ltiply in g the quotient
by 100.
F o r ex a m p le, if ja n itors in a fir m a v e r a g e $4 an hour and fo r k lift
o p e r a to r s $ 5 , fo r k lift o p e r a to rs have a r e la tiv e pay value of 125 c o m p a re d
w ith ja n ito r s .
($ 5 -f $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.) In com b in in g the r e la tiv e s of
the individu al estab lish m en ts to a r r iv e at an o v e r a ll a v e r a g e , each e s ta b lis h ­
m ent is co n s id e r e d to have as m any r e la t iv e s as it has w eigh ted w o r k e r s
in the tw o job s being com p a red .
P ay relation sh ip s b a sed on o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s m a y d iffe r c o n s id e r a b ly
b e c a u se o f the varyin g con trib u tion o f h ig h - and lo w -w a g e esta b lish m en ts to
the a v e r a g e s . F o r ex a m p le, the o v e r a ll a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r fo r k lift
o p e r a to r s m ay be 50 p ercen t m o r e than the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s b e c a u se the
a v e r a g e fo r fo r k lift o p e r a to rs m a y be stro n g ly in flu en ced by earn in gs in
h ig h -w a g e establishm ents w hile the a v e r a g e fo r ja n ito r s m a y be s tro n g ly
in flu en ced by earn ings in lo w -w a g e e sta b lis h m e n ts.
In su ch a c a s e , the
in tr a -e s ta b lis h m e n t rela tion sh ip w ill in d ica te a m u ch s m a lle r d iffe r e n c e
in ea rn in g s.
E sta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s
Tabulations on s e le cte d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s (B - s e r ie s ta b les) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this bu lletin . In fo r m a ­
tion fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls .
T h e s e tabu lation s
on m in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d if f e r ­
en tia ls; sch edu led w eek ly hours and d a y s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su ra n ce, and p en sion plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s bulletins fo r this a rea .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa,' October 1979
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

A LL

INDUSTRY

( D I V I S I O N S ---------------------------------------------------

TRANSPORTATION*

COH NU NI CATION *

W ithin s c o p e o f study 4
W ithin s c o p e
o f study J

N um ber

P ercent

154

1 0 4 .2 4 7

100

6 3 .3 0 6

47
107

2 9 .9 9 0
7 4 .2 5 7

29

20*383
42*923

54
74
118
67
75

17
15
31
17
27

1 8 .2 2 0
7 * 860
22*772
1 5 .0 1 3
1 0 .3 9 2

17
8
22
14
10

13*658
2 .1 4 7
1 2 .8 3 2
9 ,1 7 6
5 ,1 1 0

ANO
50

F I N A N C E * I N S U R A N C E . AND R EA L E S T A T E 6 ----------------S E R V I C E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
50

1 Th e O m a h a Stan d ard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O ffic e
o f M an agem en t and B u d g e t through F e b ru a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f D ouglas and S arp y
C o u n tie s , N e b r .; and P ottaw attam ie County, Iow a. The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and
c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the su rv e y . E s tim a te s a r e not in ten d ed ,
h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er s t a t is t ic a l s e r ie s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t
tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1 ) planning o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data
c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) sm a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s co p e o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1972 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed
in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n . A ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s a re
e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
3 In clu d e s a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo y m e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m
lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as one
e s ta b lis h m e n t.




Studied

Studied

127
388

............., 5 1 5 _
50

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo y m e n t (within
the a r e a ) at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to " p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n a re e x c lu d e d . O m a h a 's g a s , e l e c t r i c
u t ilit ie s , and l o c a l- t r a n s it s y s te m s are m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and a re ex c lu d e d by
d e fin itio n fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 S e p a ra te data fo r this d iv is io n a re not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ,
but the d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in the " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g "
e s t im a t e s .
7 H ote ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th er p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n ta l, and p ark in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a rita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and
a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

17

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u ­
r e a u 's w age s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s in c la s s ify in g
into ap p rop ria te o ccu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re em p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty
o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork a rra n gem en ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to
esta b lish m en t and fr o m a r e a to a re a . T h is p e r m its grou pin g occu p a tion a l
w age ra te s r e p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content. B e ca u se of- th is e m ­
p h asis on in te re sta b lish m e n t and in te r a r e a co m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p a tio n a l
content, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m th o se
in use in in d iv id u al e sta b lish m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In applying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld r e p re s e n ta tiv e s
a re in stru cte d to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tice s ; and p a r t tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H andicapped w o r k e r s w h ose
earn ings a re r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir han dicap a re a lso e x clu d ed .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a in e e s , u n less s p e c ific a lly in clu d ed in the
jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , are ex clu d e d .

Office
SE C R E T A R Y

S E C R E T AR Y— Continued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in dividu al. M ain ­
tains a c lo s e and h igh ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y a c tiv itie s o f
the s u p e r v is o r . W ork s fa ir ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
su p e r v isio n and gu id an ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l duties
req u irin g a k n ow led ge o f o ffic e rou tin e and understan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s — Continued
e.

f.
E x c lu s io n s . Not all p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p les o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the
defin ition a re as fo llo w s :
a.

S e c r e ta r y jo b s w hich m eet the r e q u ir e d c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e m a tch ed
at one o f fiv e le v e ls a c c o rd in g to (a) the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ithin the com p a n y 's org a n iz a tion a l str u c tu r e and, (b) the le v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility . The ta bu la tion fo llo w in g the ex plan ation s o f th ese
tw o fa c to r s in d icates the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r ea ch com b in a tion o f
the fa c t o r s .

b . S ten og ra p h ers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;
S ten og ra p h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a s sista n ts to a g rou p
fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d.

A s s is ta n t-ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich en tail m o r e d ifficu lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in istra tiv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y duties
w h ich are not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk , e .g ., A d m in istra tiv e
A s s is ta n t, o r E x e cu tiv e A ssista n t:




T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m eet the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cep t
d e s c r ib e d a b ove;

c.

P o sitio n s w hich do not fit any o f the situ ation s lis te d in the
section s b elow title d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v is o r , " e.g ., s e c r e t a r y to the
p resid en t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

of pro­

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e rv iso r (LS)
LS—1

18

a. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l
unit (e .g ., few er than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l— Continued

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l— Continued

b.

LS—2

S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v iso r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o ffic e r or assista n t, sk ille d te ch n icia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE:
Many com pa n ies a s s i g n s te n o g r a p h e rs ,
ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b ove, to th is le v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e ta r y to atn ex e cu tiv e o r m a n a g eria l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ility is not equ ivalent to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ations in
the d efin ition fo r LS—
3, but w hose o rg a n iza tion a l unit n o rm a lly
n u m b ers at lea st s e v e r a l dozen e m p loy ees and is usu ally divided
into o r g a n iz a tio n a l segm en ts w hich are often , in tu rn, fu rther
su b d ivid ed . In so m e com p a n ies, this le v e l in clu d es a w ide range
o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one or tw o; or

b.

LS—
3

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in dividual plant, fa c to r y , e t c ., (or
oth er equ ivalent le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, few er
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

N O TE : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the above LS definition
r e fe r s to th ose o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifica n t c o rp o ra te w id e p olicym a kin g
r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pany a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ,"
though n o rm a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in a ll c a se s iden tify such
p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e sid e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to act p erson a lly
on in dividu al c a s e s or tra n sa ctio n s (e .g ., ap prove or deny individual loan
o r c re d it a ctio n s ; ad m in ister individu al tru st a ccou n ts; d ir e c tly su p erv ise a
c le r i c a l sta ff) are not c o n s id e r e d to be "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " for p u rp oses
o f applying the d efin ition .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility (LR)
This fa c to r evalu ates the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r ,
ex p e cte d to e x e r c is e in itiative and
at LR—1 o r LR— d e s c r ib e d b e lo w
2

nature o f the w ork re la tion sh ip betw een
and the extent to w h ich the s e c r e ta r y is
ju dgm en t. S e c r e ta r ie s should be m atched
a c c o rd in g to th eir le v e l o f r e sp o n sib ility .

LR—1. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l duties in cluding or com p a ra b le
to m o s t o f the follow in g :

a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd or p resid en t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, few er than 100 p e r s o n s ; or

a.
b.

c.

d.

e.

LS—
4

M aintains s u p e r v is o r 's
in stru cte d .

e.

g re e ts

p erson al

T y p e s , ta k es and t r a n s c r ib e s d icta tion , and file s .

calen d ar

c a lle r s ,

and m a k es

and opens

appointm ents

in ­

May

as

LR—2. P e r fo r m s duties d e s c r ib e d under LR—1 and, in addition
p e r fo r m s ta sk s re q u irin g g re a te r ju dgm en t, in itia tiv e, and kn ow l­
edge o f o ffic e fu nction s in cluding or co m p a ra b le to m ost o f the
follow in g :

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t org a n iz a tion a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le m anagem ent s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
za tion a l seg m en t often in volvin g as many as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

a. S c r e e n s telep h on e and p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , d eterm in in g w hich can
be handled by the s u p e r v is o r 's su bord in ates o r oth er o ffic e s .

a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p re sid e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but few er than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b.

c. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead, im m ed ia tely below the c o rp o r a te o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t o r su bsid iary o f a com pany that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

19

A n sw ers r eq u ests w hich r e q u ire a detailed know ledge o f o f ­
fic e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c tio n o f in form a tion fr o m file s or
oth er o f f ic e s .
M ay sign routine c o r r e s p o n d e n ce in own or
s u p e r v is o r 's n am e.

c.

b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r (other than the ch a irm an o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, ov e r 5 ,0 0 0
but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or




R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em ora n d a , and r e p o rts p re p a re d by
o th ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign ature to en su re p r o ce d u r a l and
ty p o g ra p h ica l a c c u r a c y .

d.

S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an individu al plant, fa c to r y , e t c ., (or
oth er equ ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, ov er
5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

A n sw ers teleph on e re q u e sts w h ich have standard a n sw ers.
r e p ly to r eq u ests by sending a fo r m le tte r .

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m ed ia tely below the o ffic e r le v e l) ov e r
eith e r a m a jo r co rp o r a te w id e fu nction al a ctivity (e .g ., m a rk etin g,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , e tc .) or a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h eadq u a r­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, ov e r
5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; or

A n sw ers te le p h o n e s,
com in g m a il.

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o ffic e r (other than ch a irm an o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

C om p iles o r a s s is ts in com p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o rts on the b a sis
o f g e n e r a l in stru ctio n s.

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ility (L R —2)— Continued

P r im a r y duty is to type co p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d icta tion w hich d oes
not in volve v a ried tech n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y such as that used in
le g a l b r ie fs or re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten
c o p y . M ay maintain f ile s , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r -r e la tiv e ly
routine c le r i c a l ta sk s. (See S ten ograph er d efin ition fo r w o r k e r s in volved
with shorthand dictation .)

d. S ch ed u les ten tative appoin tm en ts w ithout p r io r c le a r a n c e . A s ­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a ck g rou n d m a te r ia l fo r sch ed u led m e e tin g s .
M akes a rra n g em en ts fo r m eetin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .
e.

E xpla in s s u p e r v is o r 's re q u ire m e n ts to oth er e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o ty p e s , ta k es d icta tion , and file s .)
T Y P IS T

The fo llo w in g tabu lation show s the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r each
LS and LR com b in a tion .
L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
_____ s u p e r v is o r _____

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility
LR—1

LS—1
LS—2
LS—
3
LS—
4

C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

E
D
C
B

LR—2
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

D
C
B
A

ST EN O G R APH ER
P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion using sh orth an d, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d icta tion . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r sin sc r ib in g -M a ch in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e ta r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a con fid en tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n ­
ager or e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .
S ten og ra p h er, S e n io r.
D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d
v o ca b u la ry su ch as In le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay
a ls o set up and m ain tain f ile s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic duties req u irin g s ig n ifica n tly g r e a te r in d e ­
pen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as ev id en ced by the
fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f sten og ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orough w ork in g know ledge o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s ,
w ork flo w , e tc . U ses th is kn ow ledge in p e r fo rm in g sten og ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r i c a l tasks such as m aintaining follow u p file s ; a s se m b lin g
m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m em ora n d a , and le t te r s ; c o m p o s in g sim p le le tte r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s tru ctio n s ; readin g and routing in com in g m a il; and an sw erin g
routine q u e s t io n s , etc.
S ten og ra p h er, G en era l. D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o ca b u la r y . M ay
m aintain f i l e s , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la tiv e ly routine
c le r i c a l ta sk s.




U ses a ty p ew riter to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fter ca lcu la tion s have been m ade b y an oth er p e r s o n . M ay in clude
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts, o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in du plicatin g p r o c ­
esses.
M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch as
k eepin g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sortin g and d istribu tin g
in com in g m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; T yping m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m when it in v olv es com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp ellin g, sy lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning la you t and
typing o f c o m p lica te d s ta tistica l ta b les to m ain tain u n ifo r m ity and ba la n ce in
sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ryin g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w ing: C op y typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d ra fts ; o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su r a n ce p o li c ie s , e t c .;
o r setting up sim p le standard ta bu la tion s; o r cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta bles
a lre a d y set up and sp aced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C LE R K
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m c le r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain file s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s file m a te r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n ce , r e p o r ts , tech n ica l d ocu m en ts, e t c ., in an e sta b lis h e d filin g sy stem
contain in g a n um ber o f v a rie d s u b je ct m a tte r f i l e s .
M ay a ls o file this
m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay lea d a sm all grou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la ss B. S o rts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y sim p le
(s u b je c t m a tter) headin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifi e d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le related in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s. A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l. M ay
p e r fo r m related c le r i c a l tasks r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that h as a lre a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w hich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e .g ., alp h a betica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l). A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily ava ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia ls ; and m ay
f i l l out w ith draw al c h a rg e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anu al tasks
r e q u ire d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

M ESSEN GER

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and d istribu tin g
m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w ork . E xclude position s that r e q u ire o p e r a ­
tion of a m otor v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

C la ss B. H an dles o r d e r s in volvin g ite m s w hich have r e a d ily id e n ­
tifie d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s .
M ay r e fe r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r's m anu al,
o r s im ila r docu m en t to in sh re that p r o p e r item is su pplied o r to v e r ify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R

ACCO U N TIN G C L E R K

O p era tes a telep h on e sw itch boa rd o r c o n s o le u sed with a p riv a te
b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X ) s y s te m to re la y in com in g , outgoing, and in tra s y s te m
c a lls . M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s , r e c o r d and tra n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
keep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la ce d and to ll c h a rg e s.
B esid es op era tin g a teleph on e
sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o le , m ay a lso type o r p e r fo r m routine c le r i c a l w ork
(typing o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m ay occu p y the m a jor p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u su a lly p e r fo r m e d w hile at the sw itch boa rd or c o n s o le ).
C hief
o r lead o p e r a t o r s in e sta b lish m en ts em ploying m ore than one o p e r a t o r ,a r e
e x clu d ed .
F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso acts as a re ce p tio n is t, s e e Sw itchboard
O p e ra to r -R e c e p t io n is t .

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g docu m en ts;
a s sig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g d istrib u tion c o d e s ; exam ining and v e rify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , ca lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lica te d jou rn a l
vou ch ers.
M ay w o rk in eith er a m anual o r au tom ated accoun tin g sy ste m .
The w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e co r d in g
o f tr a n s a ctio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo rm a tio n . W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g te r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s sig n e d w o rk , but is not re q u ire d to have a k n ow ledge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g .

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E PTIO N IST
At a
an o p e r a to r —
w o rk in v olv es
b u sin e s s and
p ria te p e r s o n
a rra n g in g an

s in g le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch boa rd or c o n s o le , acts both as
s e e S w itch boa rd O p era tor— and as a re ce p tio n ist. R e ce p tio n ist's
su ch du ties as g reetin g v is it o r s ; determ ining nature o f v is ito r 's
p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in form ation ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r contactin g that p e rso n by teleph on e and
appoin tm en t; keepin g a log o f v is it o r s .

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d
d e fin itio n s :

into

le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A .
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r i c a l
o p e r a t io n ! w hich r e q u ir e the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d or n o n re p e titiv e accou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bsta n tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d accoun tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a ctio n s th rough p re v io u s accoun tin g
a ctio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one or
m o r e c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le rk s ..

O RD ER C L E R K
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u s to m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e r s or sa les p eop le. W ork ty p ic a lly in volves
som e com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g du ties: Quoting p r ic e s ; d eterm in in g a v a il­
a b ility o f o r d e r e d item s and su ggestin g substitutes, when n e c e s s a r y ; advisin g
ex p ected d e liv e r y date and m ethod o f d e liv e r y ; r e co r d in g o r d e r and cu s to m e r
in form a tion on o r d e r sh eets; ch eckin g o r d e r sheets fo r a c c u r a c y and
ad equ acy o f in form a tion r e c o r d e d ; ascerta in in g cred it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r w ith ackn ow led gem ent o f r e ce ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to se e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y the sp e cifie d date or to let cu s to m e r know
o f a d ela y in d e liv e r y ; m aintaining o r d e r file ; checking shipping in v o ice
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la ss B.
U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ction s
and sta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a t io n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w ork sh eets w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c le a r ly in dicated;
ch eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g c o d e s .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m is s io n b a sis o r w h ose duties
in clude any o f the fo llo w in g : R e ce iv in g o r d e r s fo r s e r v ic e s rath er than fo r
m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p rov id in g cu s to m e r s with con su ltative a d v ice
u sin g k n ow led ge gain ed fr o m en gin eerin g o r exten sive te c h n ic a l train in g ;
em p h a sizin g s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a teria l o r m erch a n d ise as an in teg ra l
pa rt o f the jo b .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a book k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e y ­
b oa rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

follow in g

C la ss A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a know ledge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity with the stru ctu re
o f the p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g sy ste m u se d .
D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it item s to be u sed in ea ch phase o f the w ork .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.

C la ss A . H andles o r d e r s that in volve making ju dgm en ts su ch as
ch o o s in g w h ich s p e c ific p r o d u c t o r m a te r ia l fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n t's p rod u ct
lin e s w ill s a tis fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s, or d eterm in in g the p r ic e to be
quoted w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r
m aking som e s im p le m a th e m a tica l ca lcu la tio n s .

C la ss B.
K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e ctio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u irin g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b ook k eepin g.
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' accou n ts
(not in clu din g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m ach in e b ille r ),

P o s itio n s
d efin ition s:

are




c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c co rd in g

to

the

21

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

cost d istrib u tion , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in ven tory c o n tr o l, etc.
or a s sist in p rep a ra tion o f tr ia l b a la n ces and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l
the accounting departm en t.

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

M ay ch eck
sheets fo r

C la ss B . W ork is routine and r e p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
or follow in g s p e c ific p r o ce d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n ­
d a rd ized s o u r c e docum ents w hich have been co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and r e q u ire little o r no
s e le c tin g , cod in g, or in terpretin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r ­
v is o r p r o b le m s a risin g fr o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s
o r co d e s o r m is s in g
in form a tion .

MACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s statem en ts, b ills , and in v o ice s on a m a ch in e oth er than
an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r . M ay a lso keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
or shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r i c a l w ork in ciden tal to b illin g
o p era tion s.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m ach in e b ille r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type
of m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :

Professional and Technical
C O M PU TER SYSTEMS AN A LY ST, BUSINESS

B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a sp e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (com bin a tion
typing an3 adding m achine) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ice s fr o m c u s to m e r s '
pu rch ase o r d e r s , in tern a lly p re p a re d o r d e r s , shipping m em ora n d a , etc.
U sually in volves a p plication o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and shipping ch a rg es
and entry o f n e c e s s a r y ex te n sio n s, w hich m ay o r m ay not be com pu ted on
the billin g m a ch in e, and tota ls w hich are a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m ach in e.
The op era tion u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e num ber o f ca rb on c o p ie s
o f the b ill being p rep a red and is often done on a fan fold m a ch in e.

A n alyzes b u sin ess p ro b le m s to form u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by use o f e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D evelop s a com p le te
d e s cr ip tio n o f all sp e cifica tio n s n eeded to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
re q u ire d digital com pu ter p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n alyzes su b je ct-m a tte r op era tion s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r ia re q u ire d to ach ieve s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n um ber and
types o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docu m en ts to be u sed; ou tlin es a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p erson n el and com p u ters in su fficie n t d etail fo r p resen ta tion
to m anagem ent and fo r p rogra m m in g (ty p ica lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w ork and data flow ch a rts); co o rd in a te s the dev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s
and p a rticip a te s in tr ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e co m m e n d s
equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(NOTE:
W o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g both sy stem s a n a lysis and p r o g r a m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as sy stem s analysts if th is is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e
th eir pay.)

B ook k eep in g -m a ch in e b ille r .
U ses a bookkeeping m ach in e (with or
without a ty p e w rite r keyboard) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as part o f the
accoun ts r e c e iv a b le op era tion . G en era lly in volves the sim u ltaneou s en try o f
fig u re s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m ach in e a u tom a tica lly accu m u la tes
fig u res on a num ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
au tom atica lly the debit o r c re d it b a la n c e s.
D oes not in volve a know ledge
o f bookkeeping. W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and standard types o f sa le s and
cred it slip s.

D oes not in clude em p loy ees p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m ent o r su p erv ision o f oth er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , or s y s ­
tem s analysts p r im a rily co n ce rn e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .

P A Y R O L L CLE RK

For
P e r fo r m s the c le r ic a l ta sk s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
maintain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w age r a te s , su pplem en tary b e n e fits, o r tax d ed u ction s; editing p a y r o ll
listin g s against s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tra cin g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s;
and a ssistin g in p rep a ra tion o f p e r io d ic su m m ary p a y r o ll r e p o r t s . In a n on autom ated p a y r o ll s y ste m , com pu tes w a g es. W ork m ay r e q u ire a p r a c tic a l
knowledge o f govern m en tal re g u la tio n s, com pany p a y r o ll p o lic y , or the
com pu ter sy stem fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d or v e r ify alphabetic a n d /o r
n u m eric data on tabulating c a rd s o r on tape.
a r e c la s s ifie d into

le v e ls on the b a sis o f the

sy s te m s

M ay provid e fu nction al d ir e c tio n to
who are assig n ed to a s s is t.

follow in g

an alysts

are

c la s s ifie d

as

lo w e r le v e l sy s te m s an alysts

C lass B. W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that are r e la tiv e ly u n com p lica ted to a n a ly ze, plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e ra te . P r o b le m s are o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
are h om ogen eou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,
d ev elop s sy stem s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a ccou n ts r e ce iv a b le in a r e ta il esta b lis h m e n t, or m aintaining in v en tory

C la ss A. W ork re q u ire s the a p plication of e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent
in selectin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in sea rch in g fo r , in terp retin g ,
se le ctin g , o r codin g item s to be keypunched fr o m a v a rie ty o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts. On o c c a s io n m ay a lso p e r fo r m som e routine keypunch w ork . M ay
train in ex p erien ced keypunch o p e r a t o r s .




study p u rp o s e s,

C la ss A. W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g all ph ases o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is. P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e ca u se o f d iv e rse so u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m ents o f output data. (F or ex a m p le, d ev elop s an in teg ra ted p ro d u ctio n s c h e d ­
uling, in ven tory c o n tro l, cost a n a ly s is, and sa le s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in w hich
e v e ry item o f each type is au tom atica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and ap propriate follow u p action s are in itiated by the co m p u te r .)
C on fers w ith p erson s c on cern ed to d eterm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d vises su b je ct-m a tte r p erso n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
sy stem s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e ra tio n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , if n eed ed ,
fo r ap p rov al o f m a jo r sy stem s in sta lla tion s or changes and fo r obtain in g
equipm ent.

KEY ENTRY O PE R A TO R

P o sitio n s
d e fin itio n s.

wage

fo llo w s :

22

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN ESS— C o n tin u e d

a ccou n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h olesa le esta b lish m en t.) C on fers w ith p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and ad vises
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lica tion s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy ste m s
to be ap p lied .

linkage points betw een o p e r a tio n s , adjustm ents to data when p ro g ra m r e ­
q u irem en ts e x ce e d com pu ter sto ra g e ca p a city , and substantial m anipulation
and reseq u en cin g o f data elem en ts to fo r m a highly in tegrated p rog ra m .
M ay p ro v id e fu n ction al
are a ssig n ed to a s s is t.

OR
W o rk s on a seg m en t o f a com p lex data p r o c e s s in g sch em e or
s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W orks independently on routine a s s ig n ­
m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guidance on com p lex a ssig n m en ts. W ork
is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju dgm en t, co m p lia n ce w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to
in su r e p r o p e r align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll sy stem .

C lass B . W orks independently o r under on ly g en eral d ire ctio n on
r e la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , or on sim p le seg m en ts o f com p lex p r o g r a m s.
P r o g r a m s (or seg m en ts) u su ally p r o c e s s in form a tion to p rod u ce data in two
o r th re e v a r ie d seq u en ces o r fo r m a ts . R e p o rts and listin g s are prod u ced by
re fin in g , adapting, a rra y in g , o r m aking m in or additions to or deletions fr o m
input data w hich are r e a d ily a v a ila b le. W hile n um erou s r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy
and seq u en cin g o f data can be te s te d by using a few routine ch eck s. T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m deals w ith routine re co r d k e e p in g o p e ra tio n s .

C la ss C . W ork s under im m ed ia te s u p e r v isio n , c a r ry in g out an aly­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a ctivity. A ssig n m en ts are d esign ed to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e rie n c e in the ap plication o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s an alysis w ork . F or ex am p le, m ay a s s is t a h igher
le v e l s y s t e m s an alyst by p re p a rin g the d etailed s p e cifica tio n s r e q u ire d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d ev elop ed by the h igh er le v e l an alyst.

OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a high er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r or s u p e r v is o r . May a s sist higher
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r fo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks assign ed,
and p e r fo rm in g m o r e d ifficu lt ta sk s under fa ir ly c lo s e d irection .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C on v erts statem en ts o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a lyst, into a seq u en ce o f detailed in stru ction s w h ich are r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. W orkin g fr o m
ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d ev elop s the p r e c is e in stru ctio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d into the co m p u te r sy ste m in cod ed language, cau se the m anipu ­
la tion o f data to a ch ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in volves m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f com p u ter ca p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tics, lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b ject m atter in volved to an alyze ch a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; develops seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d eta iled flow ch a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e se ch a rts to cod ed in stru ction s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in stru ction s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
du rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and alters p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new req u ire m e n ts; m ain tains r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev elop m en t and r e v is io n s .
(NOTE: W ork ers p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y ste m s an alysts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)

M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p plication s o f p rogra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and con cep ts u su ally lea rn ed in fo r m a l train in g c o u r s e s . A ssign m en ts are
design ed to d ev elop com p eten ce in the ap p lica tion o f standard p ro ce d u re s to
routine p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv isio n on new a sp ects o f assign m en ts;
and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and co n form a n ce with req u ired
proced u res.
C O M PU TER O P E R A T O R
M on itors and o p e ra te s the c o n tr o l co n s o le o f a digital com pu ter to
p r o c e s s data a c c o rd in g to op era tin g in s tru ctio n s , usu ally p rep a red by a p r o ­
g ra m m e r . W ork in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in stru ction s to
d eterm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loads equipm ent with req u ired
item s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y au x ilia ry equipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta rts and o p e ra te s com p u ter; m akes adjustm ents to com puter to
c o r r e c t operatin g p r o b le m s and m eet s p e c ia l con d ition s; rev iew s e r r o r s
m ade during op era tion and d eterm in es cau se or r e fe r s p r o b le m to su p erv isor
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m aintains op era tin g r e c o r d s . M ay test and a ssist in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e­
m ent o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific a n d /or en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

F or

C la ss A . W ork s independently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e com p eten ce in all p h a ses o f p ro g ra m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W ork in g fr o m d ia gram s and ch a rts w h ich iden tify
the n ature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a rio u s steps o f the p r o b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g action s n eeded to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
com p u ter s y s te m in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u cts .

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

com pu ter

o p e r a to rs

are

c la s s ifie d as

fo llo w s :
C la ss A . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r under on ly g en eral d ire ctio n , a
com p u ter running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the follow in g c h a r a c t e r is tic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e freq u en tly tested and in trod u ced ; scheduling requ irem en ts
are o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e; the p rog ra m s are o f
c o m p le x design so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r s o u r c e often req u ires a w orking
kn ow ledge o f the tota l p r o g r a m , and alternate p r o g r a m s m ay not be available.
M ay give d ir e c tio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b eca u se com p u ter equipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te rre la te d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a riety and ex te n siv e num ber
o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g a ction s m ust o c c u r .
This r e q u ir e s su ch action s as
d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e u s e d , esta b lish m en t o f




d ir e c tio n to low er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C lass B . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r under on ly gen era l d ire ctio n , a
com pu ter running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the follow in g c h a ra cte ris tic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s are esta b lis h e d p rod u ction ru n s, ty p ica lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is little or no testin g o f new p rogra m s

23

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

re q u ire d ; altern ate p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a se o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eeds
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a so n a b ly sh ort tim e . In
com m on e r r o r situ a tion s, d ia g n oses cau se and takes c o r r e c t iv e action . This
usually in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , or using
standard c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u es.

C op ies plans and draw ings p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la cin g tr a c in g
cloth o r pa per o v e r draw ings and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n cil.
(D oes not
in clude tr a c in g lim ited to plans p r im a r ily co n s istin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a
la rg e s c a le not requ irin g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)

OR

A N D /O R

O p era tes u nder d ir e c t su p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
segm en ts o f p r o g r a m s with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r by independently p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s sig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ction s and
w ith frequ ent r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

P r e p a r e s sim p le or r e p e titiv e draw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W ork is c lo s e ly su p erv ised during p r o g r e s s .

C la ss C . W ork s on routine p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e r v isio n .
Is
ex pected to d e v e lo p w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the com p u ter equipm ent u sed and
a b ility to d etect p r o b le m s in v olv ed in running routine p r o g r a m s .
U sually has
r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in com p u ter o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C la ss A . P lans the g ra p h ic p re se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x item s having
d istin ctiv e d esig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m esta b lish ed drafting
p r e ce d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e su pport w ith the d esign o r ig in a to r , and m ay
reco m m e n d m in o r d esig n ch a n g es. A n a ly zes the e ffe ct o f each change on the
d eta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a rts. W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C om p leted w o rk is
rev iew ed by d esign o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r en gin eerin g d e t e r ­
m in a tion s. M ay eith er p r e p a r e d raw in gs o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a fte r s .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x draftin g a ssig n m en ts
that re q u ire the a p p lica tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd ized draw ing tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D uties ty p ic a lly in v olv e such w o rk a s:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
draw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
draw in gs fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in cluding d eta il draw in gs o f fo u n ­
d a tion s, w a ll s e c t io n s , flo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u se d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s
in itial in s tru ctio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted
w ork is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.
C la ss C.
P r e p a r e s d eta il d raw in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in eerin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p es o f
draw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d ep ictin g th r e e d im en sion s
in a ccu ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p osition in g o f com p on en ts
and con v ey n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n solid a tes d eta ils fr o m a n u m ber o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f
ap p roa ch , a p p lica b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a re given
with in itial a s sig n m e n ts .
In stru ction s a r e le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts
r e c u r . W ork m ay be s p o t-c h e c k e d du ring p r o g r e s s .




E L E C TR O N IC S TECHNICIAN
W ork s on v a riou s typ es o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m a in tain in g,
r e p a ir in g , overh au lin g, tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and te s tin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c tic a l a p plication o f t e c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , ability co d eterm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in
r e q u ir e d operating condition .
The equipm ent— c on sistin g o f eith er m any d iffe re n t kinds o f c ir c u its
o r m u ltiple rep etition o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the follow in g : (a) E le c tr o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm ent ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , te le v is io n , telep h on e, s o n a r , n a v iga tion a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
analog co m p u te rs, and (c) in d u stria l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ipm ent.
T h is c la s s ifica tio n e x clu d es r e p a ir e r s o f su ch stan dard e le c t r o n ic
equipm ent as com m on o ffic e m a ch in es and h ou seh old r a d io and te le v is io n
s e t s ; p rod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c tr o n ic test in stru m en ts; te c h n ic ia n s w ho have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y re s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o sitio n s
d e fin it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls on the

b a s is o f the follow in g

C la ss A . A p p lies advance te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s (i.e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot b e s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa ctu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equipm ent. E xam ples o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tion , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s , and frequ ent
en g in eerin g changes. W ork in v o lv e s : A d eta iled u nderstan din g o f the in t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s of c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta sk s as m aking c irc u it a n a ly s e s, c a lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
ships in sign al flow ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual
tr a c e o s c ill o s c o p e s , Q -m e t e r s , dev iation m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).
W ork m ay be re v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g en era l com p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la ss B . A p p lies c o m p r e h e n siv e te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s (i.e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in terp retin g m a n u fa ctu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia rity w ith the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju dgm en t in determ ining w ork sequ en ce and in se le ctin g
to o ls and te s tin g in stru m e n ts , u sually le s s com p le x than th ose used by the
c la s s A te ch n icia n .

P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu nction s such as the in sta l­
la tion , m a in ten an ce, o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g en era tion , distribu tion ,
o r u tilization o f e le c t r ic en erg y in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : In stalling o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equ ip ­
m ent such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ircu it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth er tra n sm iss io n
equ ipm ent; w orkin g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts , or other s p e c ifi­
ca tion s; loca tin g and diagn osing trou b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy stem o r equ ip ­
m en t; w orkin g standard com pu tation s rela tin g to load req u irem en ts o f w iring
or e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and
m ea su rin g and testin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ­
ten an ce e le c tr ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually acqu ired
th rou gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e rie n ce .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r or higher
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific com p lia n ce w ith a ccep ted
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s sig n m e n ts .
May p rov id e tech n ica l guidance to low er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la ss C . A p p lies w ork in g te c h n ic a l know ledge to p e r fo r m sim p le or
routine ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent, follow in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tio n s w hich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W ork ty p ic a lly in v olv es such
ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h igh er le v e l tech n icia n s by p e rfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking test re a d in g s; rep a irin g
sim p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a to rs , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in terrela tion sh ip s o f c ir c u its . T his
k n ow led g e, h o w e v e r, m ay b e a cq u ired through assign m en ts d esign ed to
in c r e a s e co m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m trainin g) so that w o rk e r can
advance to h igh er le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r or higher
le v e l te c h n ic ia n . W ork is ty p ic a lly sp o t-ch e c k e d , but is given d etailed r e v ie w
w hen new o r ad va n ced a ssig n m en ts are in volved .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U STRIA L NURSES
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho gives n ursing s e r v ic e under g en era l m e d ica l
d ir e c tio n to ill o r in ju red e m p lo y e e s or other p erson s who b e c o m e ill or
su ffe r an a ccid e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving fir s t aid to the ill or
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d re ss in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p rep a rin g a cciden t r e p o rts fo r com p en sa tion or
oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exam ination s and health evalu ation s o f
ap plican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and ca rry in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
health ed u ca tion , a ccid en t p rev en tion , evaluation of plant en viron m en t, or
oth er a c tiv itie s a ffe ctin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f all p e r so n n e l.
N ursing s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than
one n u rse are e x clu d e d .

M AINTENANCE PA IN TE R
Paints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu res o f an e s ta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v olv es the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f su rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s
and typ es o f paint re q u ire d for d ifferen t a p p lica tion s; p rep a rin g su rfa ce for
painting by r em ov in g old fin ish or by p la cin g putty or fille r in nail holes and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun or b ru sh . May m ix c o lo r s ,
o ils , w hite lea d , and oth er paint in g red ien ts to obtain p rop er c o lo r or
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce painter re q u ire s
rou n ded train in g and e x p e rie n c e usu ally a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ­
tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
M AINTENANCE MACHINIST

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

P r o d u c e s r e p la ce m e n t parts and new pa rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m eta l parts o f m e ch a n ica l equipm ent op era ted in an estab lish m en t. W ork
in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In terpretin g w ritten in stru ction s and s p e c i­
fic a tio n s ; planning and layin g out o f w ork ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in is t's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; setting up and operating
stan dard m ach in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m eta l p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; making
standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d im en sion s o f w ork , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m ach in in g; kn ow ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on
m e ta ls ; se le ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent r e q u ire d for this
w ork ; and fitting and a ssem b lin g parts into m e c h a n ica l equipm ent. In g en era l,
the m a ch in is t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh op
p r a c tic e u sually a cq u ired th rough a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M AIN TEN AN CE MECHANIC (M ach in ery)

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to con stru ct and m aintain
in good r e p a ir bu ildin g w ood w ork and equipm ent such as b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n te r s, b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s ta ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade
o f w ood in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and laying out o f w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, draw in gs, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l
in s tru ctio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r 's h an d tools, p orta b le p ow er t o o ls ,
and stan dard m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking standard shop com pu tation s
rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and se le ctin g m a te ria ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the
w ork . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce ca rp en ter r e q u ir e s roun ded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally acq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a irs m a ch in e ry or m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an establish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m a ch in es and m ech an ica l
equipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; dism antlin g o r partly dism antling
m a ch in es and p e r fo rm in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use o f handtools in
scra p in g and fitting p a rts; re p la c in g b rok en or d e fe c tiv e parts with item s
obtain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e rin g the p rod u ction o f a rep la cem en t part by a
m a ch in e shop or sending the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop for m a jor r e p a ir s ;
p re p a rin g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rodu ction of
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s; and m aking all
n e c e s s a r y adju stm ents fo r o p era tion . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in ery
m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and ex p e rie n ce usually




M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y ) — C o n tin u e d

M IL L W R IG H T — C on tin u ed

acq u ired th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip or equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce. E x clu ded fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n are w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in volve settin g up or adju sting m a ch in e s.

w ork ; in terp retin g b lu eprin ts or oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f handto o ls and rig g in g ; m aking standard sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f g ra v ity ; align in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le ctin g standard t o o ls , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; and in sta llin g
and m aintaining in good o r d e r pow er t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent su ch as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
roun ded train in g and e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip or equivalent trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AINTENANCE M ECHANIC (M otor V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing a u tom otive eq u ip ­
m ent to dia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo rm in g
r e p a ir s that in v olv e the u se o f su ch h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills ,
or s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g or fitting p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en
o r d e fe ctiv e p a rts fr o m s to ck ; grin d in g and adju sting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y
ad ju stm ents; and aligning w h e e ls , adju sting b ra k es and lig h ts, o r tightening
body b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m o to r v e h ic le m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e
t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh op s.

m e c h a n ics

who

r e p a ir

cu s­

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , or oth er typ es o f pipe and
pip efittin g s in an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Laying
out w ork and m e a su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m draw in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths w ith
c h is e l and h am m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s; th readin g
pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; ben din g pipe by h a n d -d riv en o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s; a s se m b lin g pipe w ith cou p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g ers;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe r e q u ire d ; and m akin g stan dard te s ts to d eterm in e w hether fin ish e d p ip es
m eet s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
engaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ildin g sanitation o r heating sy ste m s
are ex clu d ed .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equipm ent and fix tu re s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and layin g out a ll types o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
ca tio n s; settin g up and op era tin g a ll ava ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cuttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip or
equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW RIGHT
In sta lls new m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tles and
in sta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm ent when changes in the plant layou t are
re q u ire d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and layin g out




M AINTENANCE TRADES H ELPE R
A s s is ts one or m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g en era l duties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k eepin g a
w o rk e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o l s ; clean in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equ ipm ent; a ssistin g jou rn ey m a n by h oldin g m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g oth er unskilled ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n . The kind o f w ork
the h elp er is p erm itted to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tra d e:
In som e
tra d e s the h elper is con fin ed to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h oldin g m a te r ia ls and
t o o ls , and clean in g w orkin g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m achine o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a lso p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e cia liz e s in operatin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m a ch in e
t o o l (e .g ., ji g b o r e r , grinding m a ch in e , engine la th e, m illin g m a ch in e) to
m a ch in e m eta l for use in m aking o r m ain taining j i g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g es, o r m etal dies or m old s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m eta l o r
n o n m e ta liic m a te ria l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : Planning and p e r fo rm in g d ifficu lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ire c o m p lica te d setups or a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m ach in e
t o o l or to o ls (e .g ., in sta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id e s, s to p s , w ork in g
ta b le s , and other co n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed ;
d eterm in e p ro p e r fe e d s , sp e e d s, to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n seq u en ce or s e le c t
th ose p r e s c r ib e d in draw in gs, b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during
m a ch in in g op era tion to a ch ieve r e q u is ite d im en sion s to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p ro p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w ork o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e ra to r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in
th is c la s s ific a tio n r e q u ir e s ex ten siv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c tic e usually acq u ired th rough c o n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to rs (to o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
sh ops.
T O O L AND DIE MAKER
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g e s , or
m eta l dies o r m old s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m eta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P lanning and laying out w ork a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, or
oth er w ritten or o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan din g the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
com m on m etals and a llo y s ; s e le ctin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , t o o l s , and

T O O L , AN D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta sk s ; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; using
v a r io u s t o o l and die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts;
w ork in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h ea t-trea tin g m etal parts and fin ish ed to o ls
and d ie s to a ch iev e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s; fitting and a ssem b lin g pa rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n ce s . In g en e ra l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's
w o rk r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g in m a ch in e -sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip or equivalent tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

P e r fo r m s c le r i c a l and p h y s ica l tasks in con n ection with shipping
goods o f the estab lish m en t in w hich em p loy ed and r e ce iv in g in com in g
sh ip m en ts. In p e r fo rm in g d a y -to -d a y , routine ta s k s , follow s esta b lish ed
g u id elin es. In handling unusual n onroutin e p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific guid­
ance fr o m s u p e r v is o r or other o ffic ia ls . M ay d ir e c t and coord in a te the
a c tiv itie s o f oth er w o rk e r s engaged in handling g oods to be shipped or being
r e c e iv e d .

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s , this c la s s ific a tio n does not
in clu d e t o o l and die m a k e rs who (1) are em p loyed in t o o l and die job bin g
shops o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ies (die s in k e r s).
ST A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p era tes and m a in tain s and m ay a lso su p erv ise the op era tion o f
sta tion a ry en gin es and equipm ent (m ech a n ica l or e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
esta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d with p ow er,' heat, r e fr ig e r a tio n , or a ir co n d ition in g . W ork in v o lv e s : O perating and m aintaining equipm ent such as
ste a m e n g in e s, air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to rs , m o t o r s ,, t u r b in e s , ventilating
and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, steam b o ile r s and b o i le r -fe d w ater pum ps;
m aking equ ipm en t r e p a ir s ; and keeping a r e c o r d o f op era tion o f m a ch in e ry ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion . May a lso su p e rv ise th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in esta b lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than one en gin eer
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R TEN DER
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r steam . F eed s fuels to fir e by hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s, or o il b u rn er; and ch eck s w ater and
sa fety v a lv e s . M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in rep a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a tr u ck w ithin a city or in du stria l a rea to tra n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r w o rk e r s betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f
esta b lis h m e n ts su ch as:
M anufacturing p la n ts, freigh t d ep ots, w a r e h o u se s ,
w h o le sa le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts, or betw een r e ta il esta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u sin e s s. May also loa d or unload tru ck
w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in or m ech a n ica l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u ck in
g ood w ork in g o r d e r . S a le s ro u te and o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s are e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s are c la s s ifie d by type and
ra te d ca p a city o f t r u c k , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k d r iv e r , light tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u c k , under IV2 to n s , usually 4 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m tru ck
(stra ig h t t r u c k , IV2 to 4 tons in c lu s iv e , usually 6 w h e e ls)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tr u ck
(stra ig h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , usually 10 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a il e r




Sh ipp ers ty p ic a lly are r e s p o n s ib le fo r m o s t o f the follow in g:
V e r ify in g that o r d e r s are a ccu ra te ly fille d by com p a rin g item s and quantities
o f goods g ath ered fo r shipm ent against d ocu m en ts; in su rin g that shipm ents
are p r o p e r ly p a ck a g ed , id en tified w ith shipping in fo rm a tio n , and loa ded into
tra n sp ortin g v e h ic le s ; p rep a rin g and keepin g r e c o r d s o f goods shipped, e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f ladin g.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly are r e s p o n s ib le fo r m ost o f the follow in g:
V e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in com in g shipm ents by com p a rin g item s and
quantities unloaded against b ills o f la din g, in v o ic e s , m a n ife sts , stora ge
r e c e ip t s , or oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eckin g fo r dam aged g ood s; insuring that
g oods a re a p p ro p ria te ly id en tified fo r routing to departm ents within the
esta b lish m en t; p re p a rin g and keeping r e c o r d s o f goods r e c e iv e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o rk e r s are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Shipper and r e c e iv e r
W AREHOUSEMAN
As d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g duties w hich req u ire
an u nderstanding o f the e sta b lis h m e n t's stora g e p la n . W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llow in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (or m e r c h a n d ise ) against r e ce iv in g
d ocu m en ts, noting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob viou s d a m ages; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d stora g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , stack in g, or p alletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d stora g e m eth od s; rea rra n g in g and
taking in ven tory o f s to r e d m a te r ia ls ; exam inin g s to re d m a teria ls and r e ­
p ortin g d e te rio r a tio n and dam age; r em ov in g m a te r ia l fr o m stora ge and
p rep a rin g it fo r shipm ent. May op era te hand or pow er tru ck s in p erform in g
w areh ou sin g du ties.
E x clu de w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties in volve shipping and r e ­
ceiv in g w o rk (see Shipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(se e O rd e r F il le r ) , o r operatin g p ow er tru ck s (se e P o w e r -T r u c k O p era tor).

O RDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m stored
m e r c h a n d ise in a c c o r d a n c e with sp e cifica tio n s on sa le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ctio n s.
M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in ­
d icatin g item s fille d o r om itted , keep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , req u isition
additional stock o r r e p o rt sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m other
r e la te d du ties.

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

G U A R D — C on tin u ed

P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p ro d u cts fo r sh ipm ent o r sto ra g e by p la cin g th em
in shipping c o n ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent
upon the ty p e, s i z e , and n um ber o f units to b e p a ck ed , the ty p e o f con tain er
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm ent. W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f item s in
shipping co n ta in e rs and m ay in v olv e one or m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a rio u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f ap p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r; in se r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a te r ia l to p reven t b rea k a g e o r d a m age; c lo s in g and sea lin g
con ta in er; and applying la b e ls o r en terin g id en tifyin g data on con ta in er.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s are e x clu d e d .

foot o r by m otor v e h ic le , or e s c o r tin g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M ay be depu tized
to m ake a r r e s ts .
May also help v is it o r s and c u s to m e r s by an sw erin g
q u estion s and giving d ir e c tio n s.

M A T E R IA L HANDLING LAB O R ER
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u se , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , or
oth er esta b lish m en t w h ose duties in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L oading and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m freig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g , o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls or m e r c h a n d ise in p r o p e r sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp o rtin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by han dtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on g sh ore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload sh ip s , are e x c lu d e d .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a m anu ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r tr a c to r to tr a n s p o rt good s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u se ,
m an u factu rin g plan t, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s are c la s s ifie d b y type o f p o w e r tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a to r (oth er than fo r k lift)
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e rty fr o m theft o r d a m a g e, o r p e r s o n s fr o m h aza rd s
o r in te r fe r e n c e . D uties in v o lv e se r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m aking rounds on




G uards em p loyed by e sta b lish m e n ts w h ich p ro v id e p r o te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a con tra ct b a sis are in clu d ed in th is occu p a tio n .
F or wage study p u r p o s e s , guards a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C lass A . E n fo rc e s reg u la tion s d e s ig n e d to p reven t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r it y . E x e r c is e s judgm ent and u ses d is c r e tio n in dea lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and se cu rity v iola tion s e n co u n te re d .
D eterm in es w hether fir s t
r e s p o n s e should be to in terven e d ir e c tly (askin g fo r a s s is ta n c e when d eem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s), to k eep situ ation under s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p ort situ ation so that it can be h andled b y a p p ro p ria te a u th ority.
D uties
r e q u ir e s p e c ia liz e d trainin g in m ethods and tech n iq u es o f p r o te c tin g s e c u rity
a r e a s . C om m on ly, the guard is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te continuing p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s and p r o fic ie n c y with fir e a r m s o r oth er s p e c ia l w eap on s.
C la ss B . C a rr ie s out in s tru ctio n s p r im a r ily o r ie n te d t o w a r d
in su rin g that e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r it y v io la tio n s are r e a d ily d is c o v ­
e r e d and r e p o rte d to ap p rop ria te a u th ority. In terv en es d ir e c tly on ly in
situ ations w hich r e q u ire m in im a l a ction to sa fe g u a r d p r o p e r ty or p e r s o n s .
D uties re q u ire m in im a l train in g .
C om m o n ly , the guard is not r e q u ire d
to dem on strate p h y s ica l fitn e s s.
M ay be a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not
r e q u ir e d to dem onstrate p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f fir e a r m s or s p e c ia l
w ea p on s.
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR CLE AN E R
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g a rea s and
w a s h r o o m s , or p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apartm en t h o u se , o r c o m m e r c ia l or
oth er estab lish m en t. Duties in volve a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w eepin g,
m oppin g or scru b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er
r e fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m e ta l fix tu re s or
tr im m in g s ; p rovidin g su pplies and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w indow
w ashin g are ex clu d e d .

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t b u lletin s a v a ila b le is p resen ted below . B u lletin s
m a y be p u rc h a se d fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the ba ck
c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u perin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g
O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402. M ake ch eck s payable to Superintendent o f
D o cu m e n ts . A d ir e c t o r y o f occu p a tio n a l w age su rv ey s, c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th rough 1977, is a v a ila b le on requ est.

A rea
A k r o n , O hio, D e c . 1978 _______________________________________
A lban y— ch e n e cta d y — r o y , N. Y ., Sept. 1979________________
S
T
A n a h eim —
Santa Ana—G ard en G ro v e ,
C a lif., O ct. 1979______________________________________________
A tlan ta , G a ., M ay 1979_______________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1979___________________________________
B illin g s , M ont., July 1979____________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M ar. 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A ug. 1979_____________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1_____________________________________
C anton, O hio, M ay 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________
C h attan ooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1979__________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1979________________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—In d ., July 1979 1 _____________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1979___________________________________
C o lu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1978 1 __________________________________
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x ., July 1979 1 ___________________________
D a ll a s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1978 1________________________
111., F eb . 1979______
D av en p ort—R o c k Island—M olin e, Iowa—
D ayton , O hio, D e c . 1978 ______________________________________
D ayton a B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1979 1 ____________________________
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c. 1 9 7 8 ___________________________
D e tr o it, M ich ., M a r. 1979 1___________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1979____________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1979___________________ _____________
H
E
G a ry — am m ond— a s t C h ic a g o , Ind., O ct. 1979 1____________
G r e e n Bay, W is ., Ju ly 1979___________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — igh P oint,
W
H
N .C ., A u g. 1979_______________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p artan bu rg, S .C ., June 1979 1 _________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r. 1979___________________________________
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1979_____________________________________
H u n tsv ille, A la ., F e b . 1979___________________________________
In d ia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. 1978 1 ________________________________
J a ck s o n , M is s ., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1978 ________________________________
K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 _________________________
L o s A n g e le s —Lon g B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1978 1 _______________
L o u is v ille , Ky.—Ind., N ov. 1 9 7 8 ______________________________
M em p h is, T en n.— r k .—M i s s ., N ov. 1978 ____________________
A




B u lletin n um ber
and p r ic e *
2 0 25 -63, $ 1 .0 0
20 50 -46, $ 1 .5 0
20 50 -48, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 50 -20, $ 1 .3 0
2 0 50 -42, $ 1 .7 5
20 50 -43, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 25 -15, 80 cen ts
2 0 50 -50, $ 1 .7 5
2 0 25 -71, $ 1 .3 0
2 0 25 -22, 70 cen ts
2 0 50 -39, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 -2 1 , $ 1 .7 5
20 50 -28, $ 2 .0 0
2 0 50 -47, $ 1 .7 5
2 0 25 -59, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 50 -33, $ 1 .7 5
2 0 25 -52, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 5 0 -1 0 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 25 -66, $ 1 .0 0
2 0 50 -41, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 25 -68, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 5 0 -7 , $ 1 .5 0
20 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .5 0
2 0 50 -45, $ 1 .5 0
(To be surveyed)
20 50 -31, $ 1 .5 0
20-50-49,
20 50 -29,
2 0 5 0 -1 2 ,
2 0 5 0 -1 5 ,
2 0 5 0 -3 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 7 ,
20 5 0 -9 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 7 ,
20 2 5 -5 3 ,
2 0 25 -61,
2 0 2 5 -6 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 2 ,

$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.00

A rea
M iam i, F la ., O ct. 1978*_______________________________________
M ilw aukee, W is., A p r. 1979__________________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. Paul, M inn.—W is., Jan. 1979_______________
N assau— ffolk, N. Y ., June 1979____________________________
Su
N ew ark, N .J., Jan. 1979______________________________________
New O rlea n s, L a., Jan. 1979 1_______________________________
New Y ork, N .Y .-N .J ., M ay 1979_____________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th , Va.—
P
N .C ., M ay 1979 1 _____________________________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th and
P
N ew p ort News— am pton, Va.— .C ., M ay 197 8 ------------------H
N
N orth ea st P en n sylva n ia , Aug. 1979 1 ------------------------------------O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 1979____________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, Oct. 1979_______________________________
P a te rs o n — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., June 1979________________
C
P
P h ila d elp h ia, P a.— .J., Nov. 1978 ___________________________
N
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1 __________________________________
P ortla n d , M aine, D ec. 1978 1 _________________________________
P ortla n d , O reg .—W ash., M ay 1979___________________________
P ou g h k eep sie, N. Y ., June 1979_______________________________
P ou g h k eep sie— ingston—
K
New burgh, N .Y ., June 1979_______
P r o v id e n c e —W arw ick— aw tucket, R. I.—
P
M a s s ., June 1979 1 __________________________________________
R ich m on d, V a., June 1979____________________________________
St. L ou is, M o.—
111., M ar. 1979 1 _____________________________
S a cra m en to, C a lif., D ec. 1978 _______________________________
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1978 ___________________________________
Salt Lake C ity -O g d en , Utah, Nov. 1978 1 ____________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1979_________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 19 78__________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1979__________________
San J o s e , C a lif., M ar. 1979___________________________________
Seattle— v erett, W ash., D ec. 19 7 8 ___________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1979 1 ________________________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M ay 1979_______________________________
T ren ton , N .J., Sept. 1979_____________________________________
U tica—R om e, N .Y ., July 19 78_________________________________
W ashington, D .C .- M d .- V a ., M ar. 1979______________________
W ich ita, K a n s., A p r. 1979____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss ., A p r. 19 79________________________________
Y ork , P a ., F eb. 19 79_________________________________________

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e *
20 25 -60,
2050-8,
2050 -1,
20 50 -36,
2050 -5,
2 0 50 -2,
2050-30,

$1 .3 0
$1 .30
$1 .30
$ 1 .7 5
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .3 0
$ 1 .7 5

2050-22, $ 1 .7 5
2025-21,
2050-32,
2050-37,
20 50 -51,
2050-26,
2025-54,
2050-11,
2025-70,
2050-27,
20 50 -34,
20 50 -35,

80 cents
$ 1 .7 5
$1 .50
$ 1 .5 0
$1 .50
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .5 0
$1 .2 0
$ 1 .7 5
$1 .50
$1 .50

2050-38,
2050-24,
2050-13,
2025-75,
2025-64,
20 25 -72,
20 50 -17,
2025-73,
20 50-14,
2050-19,
2025-74,
20 50 -44,
2050-16,
2050-40,
2025-34,
2050 -4,
2050-18,
2050-23,
20 50 -6,

$ 1 .7 5
$1 .5 0
$1 .50
$1 .00
$1 .0 0
$1 .3 0
$1 .0 0
$1 .00
$1 .20
$1 .10
$1 .00
$ 1 .7 5
$1 .10
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0

* Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
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Phone 399 5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

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1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

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