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C v fe a ? sS —

Area
Wage
Survey

Omaha, Nebraska Iowa,
Metropolitan Area
October 1978

Bulletin 2025-56
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

*

*

*

*
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Vv

Nebraska

t o a t C " 0'*

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Douglas

3ft

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^^O m aha/

Preface
T h i s b u ll e t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an O c t o b e r 1978 s u r v e y o f o c c u ­
p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s in the O m a h a , N e b r a s k a — o w a , S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
I
S tatistical A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' ann ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in K a n s a s C it y , M o . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e
s u r v e y c o u l d not h ave b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the
m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the
s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u ll e t in .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a t i o n is in the p u b l i c d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e credit




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a t i o n .

of

Labor

Statistics

and

cite

the

nam e

and

num ber

of

th is

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v i s i o n s in the O m a h a a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r th e m o v i n g and s t o r a g e
( O c t o b e r 1978) i n d u s t r y .
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e ra t e s
f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e co p ie s of
t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See b a c k c o v e r
for a d d re sse s.)

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Omaha, Nebraska Iowa,
Metropolitan Area
October 1978
C o n tG f lt S

Page

Page

Bureau of L^bor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner
January 1979
Bulletin 2025-56

Introduction

2

T a b le s :
A.

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments U S Government Printing Office
Washington D C 20402 GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price $1 00 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents




E a rn in gs , all e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A - l . W eekly e a rn in gs o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s ,.
A - 2 . W e e kly ea rn in gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _____________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in gs o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te c h n ica l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _______
A - 4. H o urly e a rn in g s o f m a in te n a n ce ,
t o o l r o o m , and po w e rp la n t
w o r k e r s _____________________________
A - 5 . H ourly e a rn in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u st o d ia l w o r k e r s ,,
A - 6. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in gs o f
m a in te n a n ce , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
cu sto dia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _______
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e ra g e
h o urly e a r n in g s , adjusted f o r
e m p lo y m e n t shif ts, f o r s e l e c t e d
o ccu p a t io n a l g r o u p s _______________

3
5

6

7
8

10

11

A pp end ix A .
A pp e nd ix B .

Scope and m e tho d o f s u r v e y _________
O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________

13
17

Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 7 5 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (See l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h i s r e p o r t has n o B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .

E a ch y e a r after all in dividual a r e a w age su r v e y s have been c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b ulletin s are is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t i o n a l and
re g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m individual m e t r o p o lita n a r e a data, f o r
a ll S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
t o d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1) th e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b le s A - 8 th r o u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k i l l e d pla nt w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g s e p a r a t e l y .
D a ta a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g is t o o s m a l l to
w arran t separate presen tation .
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
A pp end ixes
wage

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a
s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t i o n .

u sed by B u rea u field e c o n o ­

A.

E a rn in g s

T ab le A-1. W e e k ly earnings of office w orkers in O m aha, Nebr. —Io w a, O ctober 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard) Mean2

S
Median2

Middle range 2

90

*

100

$
2 1 0 .5 0
2 19 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0
2 43 .5 0

$
200 .0 0
2 03 .5 0
198.50
230 .0 0

$
$
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 3 1 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0 -2 7 6 .5 0

S

110

120

$

S

130

140

s

S

150

<

160

170

s

S

180

*

1 90

200

%

220

$

240

s

260

S

2 80

S

3 00

-

”
”
~
“
~

979
254
725
203

39.5
3 9.5
39.5
40.0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

102
82
29

39. 5 2 6 0 .0 0 233 .0 0 2 0 5 .0 0 -3 1 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 6 7 .0 0 2 48 .0 0 2 1 3 .0 0 -3 2 5 . 5 0
4 0 .0 3 2 0 .5 0 324 .0 0 2 9 2 .0 0 -3 5 1 . 0 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

242
64
178

3 9 .5 2 16 .0 0 205 .0 0 1 8 7 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 2 4 .0 0 205 .0 0 1 9 3 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 1 3 .5 0 2 05 .0 0 1 8 7 .0 0 -2 3 0 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

362
91
271
90

39. 5
40.0
39.0
40.0

2 09 .5 0
2 2 0 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0
2 45 .5 0

1 95.50
1 85 .5 0
195 .5 0
237 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -3 1 7 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0 -2 7 6 .5 0

“
-

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS 0 -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

264
78
186
50

39.5
39.5
39.5
40. 0

1 88 .5 0
2 12 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 85.00
2 03 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 91.00

1 5 7 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0 -2 6 2 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

289
66
223
94

40.0
40.5
39. 5
40.0

2 0 9 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 09 .5 0
2 4 6 .5 0

200 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0
195 .5 0
270 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0 -2 3 3 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0 -2 8 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

98
80

4 0 .0 1 8 1 .0 0 171.50 1 5 2 .0 0 -2 0 4 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 1 7 9 . 5 0 1 6 9 .0 0 1 4 9 . 5 0 - 1 9 9 . 5 0

-

340

%

360

STEN OGRAPH ERS. SENIO R ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

191
48
143

4 0 .0 2 2 4 .0 0 2 20 .0 0 1 8 4 . 5 0 -2 7 9 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 1 7 .0 0 226 .0 0 1 8 4 . 5 0 -2 3 6 . 0 0
39. 5 2 2 6 .5 0 220 .0 0 1 8 4 .5 0 -2 8 5 . 0 0

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T S
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

188
187

3 9. 0 1 5 6 .0 0 1 50 .0 0 1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 0 . 0 0
3 9. 0 1 5 5 .5 0 1 50.00 1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 0 . 0 0

~
-

T Y P I S T S -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

392
30
362

39. 5 1 4 8 .0 0 141 .0 0 1 2 4 .5 0 -1 6 1 . 5 0
4 1 .5 1 6 7 .5 0 1 69.00 1 4 8 .0 0 -1 8 8 . 0 0
3 9 .0 1 4 6 .0 0 139.50 1 2 3 .5 0 -1 5 8 . 0 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

216
196

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

“
~

S

380

1 40

4
4

2
i
i
“
-

22
i
21
“
-

“
~

170

180

190

2 00

220

2 40

2 60

2 80

300

3 20

340

360

55
17
38
1

87
14
73
8

96
20
76
11

70
15
55
14

89
28
61
15

168
48
120
27

113
16
97
37

34
7
27
13

57
21
36
27

35
1
34
23

31
11
20
10

44
30
14
8

4
i
3
2

2
1
1
1

7
1
6
6

-

2
2
2

3
3

8
8

16
13
43
6
37

2
2
12
2
10

6
3
2

8
8
7

6
6
2

14
13
7

15
3
12

10
i
9

4
1
3

7
7
-

3
3
2
_
-

23
22
i
i
_
-

2
1
1
_
_
-

6
6
*6

40
16
24

22
13
45
14
31

150

“
“

1
i

2
2

3
3

5
2
3

33
8
25

4
1
“
21
3
18

i
i
-

28
6
22
~

36
12
24

50
9
41
~

34
10
24
2

24
8
16
5

16
i
15
10

47
13
34
10

37
6
31
19

16
i
15
5

21
21
17

16
16
13

12
1
11
8

4
4
“

2
1
i

20
20

29
15
14
-

16
5
11
1

28
3
25
6

25
2
23
9

21
1
20
9

23
11
12
4

51
11
40
14

16
1
15
7

4
4
-

15
15
-

1
1
-

9
9
-

3
3
"

7
7

9
9

16
4
12
7

30
5
25
6

21
5
16
5

23
10
13
1

26
4
22
1

27
10
17
5

36
20
16
8

24
5
19
12

10

~

9
9
1

10
3

45
45
45
_
-

i
1
_
-

2
2
-

_
-

45
45
_
-

1
1
_
-

2
2
“
-

-

~

7
7

5
5

5
5

9
5

15
15

12
12

11
5

4
3

10
3

2
2

14
14

1
1

“

-

4
4

4
4

7
7

15
5
10

9
5
4

12
4
8

22
3
19

17
3
14

34
20
14

9
9

8
8

3
3

20
20

66
66

18
18

24
24

20
20

21
20

6
6

1
1

1
1

-

6
6

74
74

30
30

76
5
71

82
3
79

18
4
14

29
5
24

37
4
33

10
3
7

8
6
2

4

4
4

10
5
5
_
5
5

1
1

6
6

2
2

3 9 .5 1 5 8 .0 0 146 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 0 . 5 0
3 9 .0 1 5 8 .0 0 145 .5 0 1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 . 5 0

-

2
2

10
10

9
9

53
49

54
52

13
10

17
12

29
25

4
4

4
2

4

3
3

5
5

1
i

6
6

2
2

176
166

3 9 .5 1 3 5 .0 0 1 26.50 1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 4 . 0 0
39. 0 1 3 2 .5 0 124 .5 0 1 1 6 .5 0 -1 4 3 . 0 0

~

4
4

64
64

21
21

23
22

28
27

5
4

12
12

8
8

6
3

4

-

-

-

-

F I L E CLERKS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

461
448

3 9 .0 1 4 6 .0 0 118 .5 0 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 2 . 0 0
3 9 .0 1 4 6 .0 0 118 .5 0 1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 8 . 5 0

6
6

95
95

137
135

87
84

20
18

16
15

5
5

9
6

4
3

3
3

-

3
2

29
29

F I L E C L ER K S. CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

268
256

3 9 .5 1 3 6 .5 0 1 21.50 1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 6 . 5 0
3 9. 5 1 3 6 .0 0 1 21.00 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 4 . 0 0

-

-

53
53

71
69

68
65

18
16

16
5

4
4

5
2

3
2

2
2

-

1

28
28

21
21
_
-

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C ----------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G ------------------

119
119

3 9 .0 1 12 .5 0 112 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
39. 0 1 1 2 .5 0 1 12 .5 0 1 0 8 . 5 0 -1 1 8 . 5 0

6
6

42
42

58
58

12
12

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

1
1
_
_
-

-

-

23
23
_
-

3 at $ 3 8 0 to $ 4 0 0 ; 2 at $ 4 00 t o $ 4 2 0 ; and 1 at $ 4 2 0 t o $ 4 4 0 .

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

3

380 o v e r

160

-

1 30

3
3




S

59
21
38

120

“
“
-

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s :

320

and

110

S E C R E T A R IE S --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

*

S

and
under

100
ALL WORKERS

S

~

4

4

'

'

-

3
3
_
_
~

_
“

1
1
_
_
“
~

_
_
~
_
_
~

1
i
_
“
_
_
_
_
“
_
_
_
~

Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in O m aha, N e b r.—Io w a, O ctober 1 9 7 8 — Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number Average
weekly
hours1
worken (standard

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

S

Mean2

$
3 9 .0 1 3 8 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 3 8 .0 0
8 0 .0 2 1 3 .0 0

Median2

$
1 15 .0 0
115 .0 0
2 38 .5 0

Middle range 2

$
$
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 7 8 .0 0

90
and
unde r
100

s

100

S

110

3 00

S

3 20

%

380

190

-

-

-

2 20

280

2 60

2 80

-

3
3
3

9
9
9

8
8
8

2
2

2
2

7
7

-

-

300

320

3 80

360

7
7
7
_
-

-

“

-

200

360

S

380

and

-

180

*

5
4

7
7

3
3

3
3

“
-

20
1
19
~
“
“

22
2
20
“

16
9
7
~

80
4
36
9

31
3
28
7

10
7
3
1

20
20
1

22
7
15
1

7
1
6
4

2
1
1
1

1
1

1
1

_
-

1
i
“

10
10
-

19
8
ii

8
i
7

38
12
22

28
1
27

20
2
18

23
1
22

5
3
2

11
3
8

4
4

2
2

15
8

i
i

8
8

4
4

7
7

26
22

7
21
20

11
9
7

8
1

i
1

10
10
-

15
15

11
3
_
-

38
1
37
~

53
i
52

125
1 25

86
5
81
~

7
10
68
3

72
9
63
1

129
20
109
7

116
20
96
20

71
21
50
8

50
6
44
17

4
_
171
4
1 67
157

2
_
-

3
3
”
-

5
3
_
95
28
67
16

_
_
_
-

17
2
15
9

32
8
28
21

31
31
28

3
3

1
~
1
“

47
87

37
3
38

36
2
38
3

54
13
81
8

69
16
53
8

45
4
41
14

94
4
90
80

17
2
15
9

25
1
24
21

27
27
24

35
1
38

52
1
51

78
78

49
2
47

38
8
30

51
16
35
78
4
78

70
20
50
12

3
3

50
3
87
“
22
6
16

86
86

17
8
9

26
12
14

5
2
3

77
77

“

7
7
“

4
4

4
2
2

-

4
4

4
1
3

9
1
8
3

16
7
9
8

4
4
i

9
1
8
2

12
9
3
1

ii
2
9
7

5
2
3
2

2
1
i
1

9
9
9

1 07
1
106
“

233
3
230

59
11
88
18

37
18
23
2

48
13
35
5

21
4
17
8

5
5
1

18
2
16
16

10
10
10

43
43
83

3

~

169
18
155
“

5
i
8
81
3
78
5

29
5
28

19
2
17

19
5
18

38
3
31

16
3
13

4
-

-

62
1
61
5

18
9
9
2

18
10
4

5
1

10
10
-

40
80

30
6
28
18

i
i
17
1
16
16

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

186 .0 0
1 71 .5 0
144 .5 0
2 7 8 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 7 7.00
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 9 1.00
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 8 0 .0 0

-

3
3
“

5
2
3
“

KEY ENTRY OPER ATORS. CLASS A --------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

385
25
360

3 9 .0 1 75 .0 0 1 55 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 7 7 .0 0 1 71 .0 0 1 6 1 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 5 2 .5 0 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPER ATORS. CLASS B --------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

499
83
456
49

8 0.0
40.0
40. 0
80. 0

-

-

-

1
1

98
98

81
6
75

82
1
81
30
30

3
3

5
2
3

1 06
i
105

1 35
3
1 32

88
8
80

12
1
11

-

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




i

12
10

1 6 0 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
2 4 1 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

280

9
7

3 9.5
80. 0
39. 5
80.0

1 80 .0 0
171 .5 0
138 .0 0
189 .0 0

s

3
1

8 84
68
816
111

1 8 9 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0
2 0 5 .5 0

260

2
2

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

-

*

28
27

-

-

2 80

4
4

“

“

S

“
2
i

1
1
-

5
0
5
0

220

1
1
1

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0 -2 3 9 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -3 0 1 .5 0

ACCOUNTING C LERKS. CLASS A ------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

S

1
1
1

2 05 .0 0
2 2 2 .0 0
1 93 .0 0
2 55 .5 0

1 .1 69
180
1 .0 29
288

200

2
2
2

2 1 5 .5 0
2 2 3 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0
2 42 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

S

3
3
1

80. 0
80.0
39. 5
40. 0

8 0. 0 1 72 .5 0 1 7 6 .0 0 1 6 2 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
8 0 . 0 1 7 2 .5 0 1 7 6 .0 0 1 6 2 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0

190

7
6
i

99
30
69
35

83
76

s

13
12
9

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS B -------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

180

6
5
1

3 9 .5 1 7 1 .5 0 1 68 .5 0 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 1 9 7 .0 0 1 92 .5 0 1 6 3 .0 0 -2 1 2 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 6 9 .0 0 1 5 9 .5 0 1 3 6 .5 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

4 0. 0 1 8 0 .5 0 1 75 .0 0 1 8 9 .5 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
4 0 . 0 1 6 0 .5 0 1 8 9 .5 0 1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 6 1 . 0 0

s

18
18
6

537
51
486

82
38

170

126
126
“

ACCOUNTING C LERK S. CLASS B ------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS A -------------------------HANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

s

21
21
”

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 8 6 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0 -2 5 1 .5 0
2 8 0 .0 0 -2 8 6 .5 0

8 0 .0 1 7 6 .5 0 1 76 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
8 0. 0 1 6 2 .5 0 161 .0 0 1 8 9 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
8 0. 0 1 8 1 .0 0 1 76 .0 0 1 6 3 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

160

1 60

1 98 .0 0
191 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0
2 55 .5 0

165
81
128

1 8 9 .5 0
1 56 .0 0
1 49 .5 0
1 50 .0 0

-

s

150

2 0 8 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0
2 5 8 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 5 3 .0 0
1 66 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 69 .0 0

150

1 80

39.
40.
39.
40.

40.0
3 9.5
80. 0
40. 0

S

130

6 32
89
583
180

194
38
1 56
25

180

120

1 8 8 . 5 0 - 2 2 3 . 50
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
2 8 0 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERA T O R -R EC EPT IO N I S T S HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

8 0 .0 1 5 6 .5 0 1 86 .0 0 1 1 4 .0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
8 0 .0 1 5 7 .0 0 1 8 8 .0 0 1 1 8 .0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0

s

110

1 80 .0 0
1 92 .0 0
178 .0 0
2 43 .0 0

89
80

130

170

1 89 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0
1 87 .5 0
2 8 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

%

-

39.5
4 0.0
39. 5
40.0

225
2 22
49

120

-

“
“
“
“

HESSENGERS -------------------------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

S

4

4
4

4
i
1
i

1
1
*
-

_
-

_
-

-

3
3

3
3

380 o v e r

~
~

~

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

2
2
-

3
2
1
1

i
1
-

2
2
“
“

3
2
1
1

1
1
"

~
~

~
“
-

~
~

“
“
_
-

-

“

“
“
~

4
3
1
1
-

-

~
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

~
-

_
“
“
“
“
-

-

-

Table A -2 .

W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in O m ah a, Nebr. —Io w a, O ctober 1978

O c c u p a ti o n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard) Mean2

^^^Weekl^Tarning^^^™
(standard)
Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s of—
*
*
1
t
t
S
*
s
*
s
*
140 150 160 170 180 190 2 00 210 220 2 40 260
U n d e r and
%
under
140
150 160 170 1 80 190 2 00 210 220 240 2 60 280

s

2 80

*

3 00

*

320

1

340

*

360

*

380

*

400

<

420

440

and
300

3 20

340

360

3 80

400

440 o v e r

420

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) -------------------------------------------------------

189

$
$
$
$
39. 0 3 44 .0 0 350 .5 0 3 0 4 .5 0 -3 8 2 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

70
64

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

-

"

-

-

-

2

-

1

2

8

8

10

29

25

18

25

34

22

3

2

3 9 .0 3 79 .0 0 382 .0 0 3 5 6 .0 0 -4 0 1 .0 0
3 9 .0 3 7 9 .0 0 382 .0 0 3 5 4 .0 0 -4 0 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
i

_
-

1
1

i
1

8
7

7
7

10
8

21
19

17
16

2
2

2
2

381
39
3 82

3 9 .0 2 7 1 .5 0 253 .0 0 2 1 7 .5 0 -3 2 2 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 9 4 .0 0 3 15 .0 0 2 4 4 .0 0 -3 4 3 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 6 9 .0 0 2 5 1 .5 0 2 1 3 .0 0 -3 1 8 .5 0

-

-

1
1
“

_
-

3
3

12
12

23
23

16
2
14

42
2
40

44
4
40

62
3
59

30
3
27

25
3
22

23
6
17

34
2
32

34
10
24

19
3
16

2
2

4
4

6
6

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

76
69

3 8 .5 3 39 .5 0 3 32 .5 0 3 0 2 .5 0 -3 6 1 .5 0
3 8 .5 3 40 .0 0 331 .0 0 3 0 2 .5 0 -3 6 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

11
11

14
11

10
9

7
5

15
14

2
2

4
4

6
6

i
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

191
169

3 9 .0 2 77 .0 0 2 57 .0 0 2 3 8 .0 0 -3 3 9 .0 0
3 9. 0 2 7 2 .0 0 2 5 3 .0 0 2 3 1 .5 0 -3 3 3 .5 0

“

_

“

-

-

-

-

1
1

23
23

25
23

47
46

22
19

11
9

7
4

24
23

27
19

4
2

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

299
28
271
91

39.5
39. 5
39.5
4 0.0

17
2
15
-

27
4
23
7

29
2
27
-

36
5
31
10

28
4
24
1

13
3
10
1

32
32
12

6
_
6
1

5
_
5
-

38
_
38
25

20
_
20
20

12
_
12
12

1
1
1

i
1
-

3 9. 5 2 7 1 .0 0 2 6 7 .0 0 2 3 0 .5 0 -3 0 4 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 7 3 .0 0 2 82 .0 0 2 3 8 .0 0 -3 0 5 .0 0

8
4
4
-

19
4
15
-

72
69

5
~
5
1
_
“

_

_

-

-

1
1

3
3

8
7

9
7

11
11

5
5

5
5

25
25

1
1

2
2

1
1

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

167
147
63

3 9 .5 2 2 8 .5 0 2 07 .0 0 1 9 1 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 3 3 .5 0 208 .0 0 1 9 2 .5 0 -2 4 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 7 4 .0 0 2 4 8 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 -3 3 8 .5 0

2
2
1

i
-

6
4
-

8
6
-

23
19
7

21
19
-

29
24
10

20
17
1

4
3
1

21
21
12

1
1
1

10
10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

60
55

3 9 .5 1 97 .0 0 170 .5 0 1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 0 0 .0 0 1 76 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

2
2

3
3

7
4

ii
ii

9

4
4

7
7

4
4

_

*

-

_

-

19
19
19

_

_

2
2
1

i
1
-

“
-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2
2
-

_
_
-

_

_

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

DRAFTERS -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

264
58
206

4 0 .0 2 4 5 .5 0 2 48 .5 0 2 0 7 .0 0 -2 8 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 3 7 .0 0 2 38 .0 0 2 1 1 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 47 .5 0 252 .0 0 2 0 5 .0 0 -2 8 7 .5 0

1
1

12
4
8

4
4

8
3
5

10
10

ii
2
9

5
1
4

-

-

-

4

i

i

-

D R A F T E R S . CLASS A -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

85
66

4 0 .0 2 9 5 .0 0 2 9 1 .0 0 2 5 8 .0 0 -3 2 8 .0 0
4 0. 0 3 0 0 .5 0 2 9 4 .0 0 2 7 0 .0 0 -3 3 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

1
1

D R A F T E R S . CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

104
25
79

4 0 .0 2 42 .5 0 2 37 .0 0 2 1 2 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 3 9 .5 0 236 .0 0 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 4 9 .5 0
40. 0 2 4 3 .5 0 238 .5 0 2 1 2 .0 0 -2 8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

7
i
6

4
i
3

i
1

_

“

4
4

D R A F T E R S . CLASS C ------------------------------------

60

4 0 . 0 1 9 5 . 0 0 1 9 8 . 0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 - 2 1 5 . 50

-

10

3

6

6

4

EL EC TR ON IC S T E C H N IC IA N S --------------------------

122

2 9 7 .0 0 322 .5 0 2 5 2 .5 0 - 3 4 5 . 0 0

-

-

1

-

8

-

EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS ANONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

55
38

4 0. 0 3 2 7 .5 0 3 44 .0 0 2 8 3 .5 0 -3 7 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 3 50 .0 0 345 .0 0 3 2 2 .0 0 -3 7 4 .5 0

“

-

REG ISTER ED IN D U S T R IA L NURSES --------------

27

39. 5 2 6 6 .0 0 2 5 9 .0 0 2 2 8 .5 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

-

~

S e e fo o tn o te s

o
o

-

2 32 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0
2 37 .0 0
2 8 7 .0 0

2 12 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0
3 05 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0 -2 8 8.00
1 7 0 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0 -3 0 0 .0 0
2 4 3 .0 0 -3 3 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

at end o f ta b le s .




n

5

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

1

_

19
2
17

22
10
12

30
8
22

48
12
36

11
3
8

48
11
37

11
1
10

_

_

9

7

2
1
1

2
2

2
2

6
4

13
7

7
4

23
17

10
9

7
7

7
7

2
i

9
i
8

11
5
6

24
6
18

17
6
11

4

_

1

2

4

25
5
20

1

2

i

8

8

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

5

6

6

ii

4

12

24

20

17

-

-

-

-

12
10

_

17
17

-

-

-

11
11

_

“

1

6

3

“

3
7

-

-

10
-

_

-

2
-

3

1

2

-

-

-

4

9

7

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ab le A -3 . A v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings of o ffic e , professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in O m ah a, N e b r.—Io w a, O ctober 1978
Average
(mean2 )

Se x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number

Weekly
Weekly
of
workers hours
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
S E C R E T A R IE S --------------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

978
254
724
202

39.5
3 9.5
39.5
4 0.0

2 1 0 .5 0
2 1 9 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0
2 4 3 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

102

82
29

3 9 .5 2 6 0 .0 0
39. 5 2 6 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 3 20 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —

242
64
178

3 9 .5 2 1 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 2 4 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 1 3 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

361
91
270
89

39.5
4 0.0
3 9.0
4 0.0

2 0 9 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0
2 45 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS D
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S

264
78
186
50

39.5
3 9.5
39. 5
40. 0

1 88 .5 0
2 1 2 .0 0
1 79 .0 0
1 93 .0 0

286

40.0
4 0.5
39.5
40.0

2 0 8 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0
2 4 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS ---------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S

66

220

91

Se x, 3 o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
(mean2)
Number
Weekly Weekly
of
workers hours1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

p r o fe s s io n a l

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T S MANUF ACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

40.0
3 9.5
40. 0
40. 0

$
1 5 3 .0 0
1 66 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 69 .0 0

OROER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------OROER C L E R K S . CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------ORDER C L ER K S. CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

40. 0
40.0
40. 0
4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
40. 0

1 76 .5 0
162 .5 0
1 82 .0 0
1 80 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 73 .0 0
1 73 .5 0

39.5
40. 3
39. 5
4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.5
40.0
3 9.5
40. 0
39.5

1 8 2 .5 0
1 95 .5 0
1 81 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
194 .5 0
1 95 .0 0
2 4 4 .5 0
1 69 .5 0
1 97 .0 0
1 66 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------ACCOUNTING C L ERK S. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------ACCOUNTING C LERK S. CLASS R ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

107
69

128
928
78
465
136

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING ---------

97
79

4 0 .0 1 8 0 .0 0
39. 5 1 78 .5 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

3 9. 5 2 0 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 1 3 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 97 .0 0

STENOGRAPH ERS. SEN IOR
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

189
48
141

3 9 .5 2 2 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 1 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 2 5 .5 0

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T S
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

187
186

3 9 .0 1 56 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 5 5 .5 0

T Y P I S T S -------------------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

391
30
361

3 9 .5 1 4 7 .5 0
4 1 .5 1 67 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 46 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING

215
195

3 9 .5 1 58 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 58 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

39.5
40. 0
3 9.5
4 0.0
39.0
39.5
3 9.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B
N0NMANUFACTURIN6

176
166

3 9 .5 1 3 5 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 3 2 .5 0

PROFESSIO N AL AND TECHNIC AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

F I L E CLERKS ----------------NONMANUFACTURING

4 54
441

3 9 .0 1 46 .0 0
3 9. 0 1 4 6 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S IN E S S ) ------------------------------------------------------

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

263
251

3 9 .5 1 36 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 36 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

117
117

3 9 .0 1 1 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 1 2 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

187

MESSENGERS
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —
S e e fo o t n o t e s




3 9 .0 1 2 0 .0 0

85
76

4 0 .0 1 5 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 5 1 .0 0

at end o f ta b le s .

6

Se x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

and

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2)
Weekly Weekly
earnings1
hours
standard) (standard)

te c h n ic a l

OCCUPATIONS - MFN— CONTINUED
CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 43
1 24

$
3 9 .0 2 78 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 7 1 .5 0

199
1 85
65

3 9 .5 2 41 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 4 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 8 7 .0 0

56
53

3 9 .5 2 64 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 67 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
NONMANUFACTURING - P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

116
106
50

39. 5 2 3 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 4 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 7 7 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
NONMANUFACTURING - -

27
26

3 9 .0 2 11 .0 0
39. 0 2 12 .5 0

MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUF ACTURING

247
51
1 96

4 0 .0 2 4 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 4 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 50 .0 0

D R A F TE R S . CLASS A
NONMANUF ACTURING

83
64

4 0 .0 2 97 .0 0
4 0 .0 3 0 3 .0 0

D R A F TE R S . CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING

99
79

4 0 .0 2 44 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 4 3 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING - P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

345
496

4 0 .0 1 9 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 9 5 .5 0

53

4 0 .0 3 2 5 .5 0

30
29

3 9 .0 3 21 .5 0
3 9 .0 3 19 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

798
95

57
120

92
84

3 9 .5 2 5 4 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 5 4 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

48
45

3 9 .5 2 7 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 7 4 .0 0

98
84

4 0 .0 2 1 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 18 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

50
40

4 0 .0 2 0 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 1 2 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------3 8 .5 3 40 .5 0
3 8 . 5 3 4 0 . 5 0 R EG IST ER ED IN D U S T R IA L NURSES

33
29

40. 0 1 85 .5 0
40. 0 1 8 8 .5 0

27

3 9 .5 2 66 .0 0

O R A FT ER S. CLASS C
1 58 .0 0
1 72 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0
2 34 .0 0
ELEC TRON IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A 1 7 1 .5 0
177 .0 0
PR O FESSIO N A L AND TEC H N IC AL
1 71 .0 0
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
1 48 .5 0
1 7 0 . 0 0 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
1 4 6 .5 0
( B U S I N E S S ) -------------------------------2 0 0 .5 0
NONMANUFACTURING -------------

3 9 .0 3 48 .0 0
53
289

39.0
3 9.0
39. 0
39.5
39. 0

3 8 0 .5 0
3 8 1 .0 0
2 77 .0 0
3 0 5 .0 0
2 73 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

T a b le A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m aintenance, to olroom , and p o w e rp la n t w o rke rs in O m aha, N e b r.—Io w a, O ctober 1978
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Number
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

workers

ALL WORKERS

Mean 2 Median2

U nder

Middle range 2 j
„ 0
4 . 6, _

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

52
33

$
8 . 07
8 .1 8

$
7 .9 7
8 . 70

$
$
6 .8 5 - 9 .73
6 . 9 0 - 1 0. 4 0

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC I A N S ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

124
96

8 .0 2
7 .6 7

7 .7 0
7 .6 1

6 .8 0 - 9.2 0
6 .6 3 - 8 .5 7

%
%
s
%
5
%
%
s
»
S
S
S
S
s
s
S
%
S
S
S
S
4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 4 0 5 . 60 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0 6 . 8 0 7 . 00 7 . 2 0 7 . 60 8 . 0 0 8 . 4 0 8 . 8 0 9 . 2 0 9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0
,
and

and

u nder

4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 4 0 5 . 6 0 5 . 80 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0 6 . 8 0 7 . 0 0 7 . 20 7 . 6 0 8 . 0 0 8 . 40 8 . 8 0 9 . 20 9 • 6010 . 0 0 1 0 . 40

-

1
1

7
4

4
4

2

_
_

-

-

MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S ---------------------------------

25

6 . 84

6 .9 0

4 .5 7 - 8 .8 9

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

74
71

8 .0 4
8 .0 0

7 .9 7
7 . 97

6 .9 9 - 9.2 0
6 .9 9- 9.2 0

_
-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

503
4 74
29

7 .1 8
7 . 10
8 .5 6

6 . 84
6 . 84
8 . 83

5 .9 0 - 8 .18
5 .9 0 - 7 .7 0
8 .0 1 - 8 .8 3

7
7

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

315
44
271
250

8 .5 1
7 .1 1
8 .7 3
8 .7 5

9.
6.
9.
9.

6 .6 2 6 .5 1 8 .7 1 6 .4 8 -

3
3
3

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------

56

8 .6 9

8 . 89

209
1 16
93

6 .9 1
6 .8 3
7 .0 1

6 . 92
6 . 92
7 . 45

5 .7 6 - 8 .1 5
5 .8 1 - 7 .1 0
5 .7 6 - 8 .1 5

*
***

W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 0 .4 0 t o $ 1 0 .8 0 .
W o rk e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 1 .6 0 t o $ 12.

9.6 4
7 .6 6
9 .6 6
9.6 8

-

1
1

8

-

4
4

2
2

*1 0
10

14
14

23
17

5
5

6
6

11
11

21
12

“

“

8
”

1
1

12
12

3

9
9

-

-

-

1

23
20

4
4

-

~

“

82
82
“

46
46

32
32

9
9

”
18
10
8

7

6
6

-

61
48
13

53
53

6
”
6

-

-

10
10
-

3
3
-

6
6
-

3
3
-

3
3
“

2
2
"

20
20
“

2
2
“

76
4
72
72

100
100
100

12
12
12

”

3
3

16
16

24
22
2

6
6

8

-

-

31

-

1

4
4

32
32

10
10

16
7
9

i
1

1
1

~

-

-

2
1

3
3

3
3

-

14
14

4
i
1

_
-

-

-

-

5

-

2
2

-

9
9

_
-

2

1
i

-

~

3
3
3
5
5

4
4

14
14
~

5
5
“

14
13
1

16
16
“

76
76
-

1
1

-

42
42
”

21
21
~

1
1

3
3
-

_
-

4
4
-

3
3
-

1
1

60
60
60

-

4

5

23
20
3

14
7
7

5
5
-

9
9

1
1

26
22
4

2

2

5

3 at $ 3 . 4 0 t o $ 3 . 6 0 ; 1 at $ 3 . 8 0 t o $ 4 ; a n d 3 at $ 4 . 4 0 t o $ 4 . 6 0 .

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




4

“
-

1

7 .8 9 - 9 .0 0

S T A T IO N A R Y EN GIN EERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

43
83
43
43

1
-

“
-

10

1
1

7

-

over

8
8
6
6
7
7

1
1
-

- ***6
-

Table A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in O m aha, N eb r.—Io w a, O ctober 1978
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

ALL WORKERS

Mean 2 Median*

Number of
s
s
2 .6 0 2 .8 0
Middle range 2 and
under
2 .8 0 3 .0 0

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1.9 01
317
1 1 5 84
869

$
7 .7 3
6 .2 9
8 .0 2
8 .9 0

$
8 .3 7
6 . 48
8 . 53
9 .1 4

$
6 .7 6 6 .1 3 8 .3 2 8 .5 3 -

TRU C K D RIVERS. L IG H T TRUCK ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

134
128

3 .6 7
3 .6 2

3 . 47
3 .4 7

TRU C K D RIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

469
33
A 36

7 .7 9
5 .7 2
7 .9 5

TR U C K D R IVER S. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1 .0 90
95
9 95
654

SH IP P E R S ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

$
9 .1 4
6 .9 0
9 .3 8
9 .3 8

w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
I'
*
t
t
s
*
%
S
S
$
S
S
s
s
S
*
S
%
s
s
*
3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 6 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 80 7 . 2 0 7 . 6 0 8 . 0 0 8 . 4 0 8 . 8 0 9 . 2 0
3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 80 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 6 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 8 0 7 . 2 0 7 . 6 0 8 . 0 0 8 . 4 0 8 . 8 0 9 . 2 0 9 . 6 0

-

449
449

2 94
294
294

132
1 32
1 32

3 97
397
397

-

”

~

~

~

_
-

112
1 12

~

48
48

151

3 12
~
3 12

294
294
294

84
84
84

2 46

-

-

2
2

-

-

12
4
8

29
29

-

-

-

7
7
“

5 16
4
512

1
1
“

44
43
1

28
15
13

5
5
-

123
7
116

10
10

22
22

35
3
32

14
14

~

4
4

-

81
80
1

94
94
“

66
66
-

25
12
13

46
14
32

10
10

1 33
126
7

16
10
6

25
25
-

20
20

37
6
31

168
28
140

76
76

1
1

1
1

1
i

18
ii
7

9
9

21
21
24
24
24
24
8
8

”
“
-

-

-

4
4

17
17

32
1
31

22
~
22

9
9

12
3
9

20
20

1
1
-

8
7
i

8
2
6

54
21
33

22
9
13

78
11
67

22
22
-

71
30
41
30

119
90
29
14

125
115
10
2

3 .1 0 - 3 .9 5
3 .1 0 - 3 .9 5

-

17
17

30
30

16
16

9
9

12
9

20
20

27
27

1

“

~

-

1
1

6
6

-

11
5
6

12

23
2
21

12
10
2

2
2
-

8 .3 7 6 .4 8 8 .3 7 8 .5 3 -

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

i

1

-

7
6
i

5
5

1
1
“
9
9
-

10
3
7

8.
6.
8.
9.

“
-

5
5

8 .4 1
6 . 39
8 .6 1
8 .8 3

“
-

1
65
3
62

1
“

4
4

“
12

“

6 .1 9 - 9 .3 8
4 .7 0 - 6 .8 4
6 .7 7 - 9 .3 8

”
6
6
“

-

8 . 32
6 . 19
8 . 32

“
-

34
34
30

84
76
8

10
2
8
“

2
2
-

1 34
72
62

4 .7 6
5 .6 0
3 .7 8

4 . 76
5 . 75
3 . 55

3 .5 5 - 5 .7 5
4 .7 6 - 5 .7 5
3 .0 7 - 4 .4 5

-

11
11

15
15

3
3

6
6

6
i
5

-

-

2
2

11
11

19
18
1

6
3
3

”

45
38
7

3
3

2
2
-

1
i

2
2
-

REC EIV ERS ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

122
29
93

4 . 75
5 . 83
4 .4 1

4 . 45
5 . 50
3 . 60

3 .0 0 - 5 .8 5
5 .0 3 - 6 .5 7
2 .9 0 - 5 .6 0

19
19

10
10

7
7

8
8

2
2

5
1
4

5
5

“

-

8
8

4
3
1

8
5
3

ii
1
10

-

10
10
“

-

4
3
i

SH IP P E R S AND R EC E IV E R S ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 36
55
81

5 .6 8
4 .9 8
6 .1 6

4 . 90
4 . 90
6 . 20

4 .5 1 - 7 .6 5
4 .4 9 - 5 .0 3
4 .5 1 - 8 .2 0

-

-

“

“

4
4

4
2
2

1
1
“

11
2
9

5
1
4

30
16
14

-

27
22
5

“

3
3

3
3

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

7 87
99
688

7 .5 1
5 .6 8
7 . 77

8 .0 5
5 . 50
8 .0 5

8 .0 5 - 8 .0 5
4 .7 7 - 6 .4 1
8 .0 5 - 8 .0 5

i
1

13
13

6
6

1
1

1
i

5
5

2
2
“

4
3
1

3
3
"

23
6
17

21
9
12

5
5
~

6
6
“

18
18
"

ORDER F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

576
1 49
427

5 .7 4
6 .7 5
5 .3 9

6 . 30
6 . 60
4 .7 3

4 .3 5 - 7 .7 5
6 .3 0 - 6 .8 4
3 .7 1 - 8 .0 5

-

58

17

3

12

22

21

-

57

10

14
14
“
36

6
6
“
7
7
“
49
21
28

1

45

5

~

58

17

3

12

22

21

57

10

36

1

45

5

58
58
-

S H IP P IN G PACKERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 -----------------------------------

308
119
1 89

5 .0 8
5 .6 7
4 .7 1

4 . 35
6 . 61
4 . 35

4 .3 5- 6 .6 9
3 .5 5 - 7 .5 8
4 .3 5 - 4 .7 3

18
9
9

2
2

17
3
14

16
12
4

15
7
8

-

7
7

80
80

48
12
36

-

665
439
226

5 .7 1
6 .0 6
5 .0 2

5 . 75
6 .1 5
4 .7 3

4 .9 0 - 6 .5 0
5 .4 4 - 6 .5 0
3 .0 6 - 5 .5 4

3

45
45

15
15

7
7

12
5
7

8
2
6

4
3
i

31
31

70
28
42

“
73
60
13

1
1
“
42
42
“

5
5

MATERIA L HANDLING LABORERS -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

16
16

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

658
395
263

6 .6 7
6 .4 8
6 .9 7

6 . 69
5 . 86
8 . 10

5 .6 2 - 8 .1 0
5 .5 0 - 8 .0 1
5 .9 8 - 8 .1 0

5
5

8
8

-

”

4
1
3

6
3
3

2
2

50
29
21

66
59
7

16
6
10

GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

777
51
726

3 .1 5
6 .0 8
2 .9 5

2 .6 5
6 .9 3
2 .6 5

2 .6 5 - 2 .8 5
4 .7 5 - 7 .3 3
2 .6 5 - 2 .8 0

62
62

35
2
33

5
5

i
1

7
7

25
4
21

12
4
8

20
4
16

6
2
4

53
48
53
14

9 .1 4
6 .6 1
9 .1 4
9 .3 8

3
540
3
537

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




8

-

~

-

-

-

1
1
“
-

16
16
“
2
2
“

10

16

10

16

~
-

5
5
-

-

-

-

151
246
2 46

~

15
15

-

“
-

-

-

91
91

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in O m aha, N e b r.—Io w a , O ctober 1 9 7 8 — Continued




9




T ab le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom
p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers,
by sex, in O m aha, N e b r.—Io w a, O ctober 1978
Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
(m ean*)
hourly

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M ATER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

M AIN TEN A N C E, TOOLROOM, AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN
MAINTENANCE c a r p e n t e r s —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

49
30

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R IC I A N S
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

124
96
28

MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S —

25

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS T S
MANUFACTURING ------------

73
70

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y ) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

5 03
474
29

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

315
44
271
250

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------

56

STATIO N AR Y EN GIN EERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

209
116
93

8 .1 3
8 .3 1

S H IP P E R S AND REC EIV ERS
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

98
40
58

6 .1 4
5 .0 1
6 .9 3

7 . 6 7 | WAREHOUSEMEN------------- ------9 . 23
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —

7 75
88
687

7 .5 4
5 .7 6
7 .7 7

392
141
251

6 .6 4
6 .7 4
6 .5 9

147
68

5 .0 9
5 .6 2

612
434
178

5 .8 7
6 .0 5
5 .4 3

618
358
260

6 .7 4
6 .5 8
6 .9 7

674
50
624

6.10

168

4 .2 2

503
4 86

2 .8 4
2 .7 9

1 .3 13
189
1 .1 24
95

3 .6 3
5 .4 5
3 .3 3
5 .9 4

8 . 02

8 .0 5
8.01

ORDER F I L L E R S -----------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

7 . 18 S H IP P I N G PACKERS --------------------7 .1 0
MANUFACTURING --------------------8 . 56
M ATER IA L HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING --------------------8 .5 1
NONMANUFACTURING -------------7. 11
8 . 7 3 F O R K L IF T OPERATORS ----------------8 . 75
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------8 . 69
GUARDS --------------------------------------------6 . 91
MANUFACTURING --------------------6 .8 3
NONMANUFACTURING -------------7 . 01
GUARDS, CLASS A ------------------GUARDS, CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING

M ATER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
T RUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1 .8 55
315
1 .5 4 0
833

7 . 70
6 .3 1
7 . 99
8 . 90

T R U C K D R IV E R S , L IG H T TRUCK ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 34
128

3 .6 7
3 .6 2

T R U C K D R IV E R S , MEDIUM TRUCK ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

440
32
4 08
187

7 .7 1
5 .8 1
7 . 86
9 . 12

T R U C K D R IV E R S , T R A C T O R - T R A IL E R -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1 .0 74
95
979
646

8 .4 1
6 .3 9
8 .6 1
8 .8 3

S H IP P E R S -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

108
50
58

4 .6 2
5 . 57
3 . 80

R E C E IV E R S ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

97
28
69

5 . 24
5 .9 1
4 .9 7

J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S , AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

3 . 19
2 . 96

M ATER IA L MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
S H IP P E R S -------------------------------------------------------------

26

5 . 34

S H IP P E R S AND R EC EIVER S ----------------------------

38

4 .4 9

S H IP P I N G PACKERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

161
51
110

5 . 07
5 .7 3
4 . 77

F O R K L IF T OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

40
37

5 . 59
5 .4 5

GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

103

2 . 90

102

2.88

J A N IT O R S , PO R T ER S, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

606
36
570
38

3 . 04
4 .6 9
2 . 94
4 .6 6

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

10

T a b le A -7 . Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for e m p lo ym en t shifts,
fo r selected occupational groups in O m aha, N e b r.—Io w a, for selected periods
S e p t e m b e r 1 97 2
I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p 5

to
S e p t e m b e r 1973

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l --------- ------------------------------------------------------ _
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ________________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ________
__ ____________
_ ___
U n s k i ll e d p l a n t ____________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ______________
__ _______________
___
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ________________________
.
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ____ __ —______________________________
_
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e _________________________ __ ____
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t _____________________________________ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ________________________ —
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ---------------------------- ------------------------------U n s k i ll e d p l a n t ------------------------------------------------------------------

6 .2

S e p t e m b e r 1973
t o O c t o b e r 1974
A nnual ra te
13 -m o n t h
o f in c r e a s e
in c r e a s e

O c t o b e r 1974

O c t o b e r 1975

O c t o b e r 1976

to

to

to

O c t o b e r 1975

O c t o b e r 1976

O c t o b e r 1977

O c t o b e r 197 7
to
O c t o b e r 1978

(? )
(6 )
6 .4
5 .6

1 0.4
9 .9
(6 )
1 2.6
7 .5

9 .6
9 .1
(6 )
1 1 .6
6 .9

8 .8
9 .6
(6 )
9 .1
9 .6

6 .8
6 .3

7 .9
1 1 .4

(6 )
7 .6
9 .4

(6 )
9 .2
6 .5

7 .4
6 .9
1 1.0
8 .7
8 .4

(M
(‘ )
( )
7 .0
6 .9

(* )
( )
(6 )
1 0 .8
8 .3

(? )
( )
(6 )
9 .9
7 .6

(? )
( >
(6 )
1 0 .0
8 .8

o
(? )
(6 )
8 .3
1 1.9

c>
(? )
(6 )
8 .5
1 0.2

(6 )
(6 )
(M
9 .7
8 .0

6 .0

1 0.4
1 0 .7
(6 )
6 .9

9 .6
9 .8

8 .6
9 .4

6 .9
6 .4

7 .7
1 2 .0

7.3
6 .6

(6 )
6 .4

(6 )
1 0 .0

(6 )
8 .1

(M
4 .5

(6 )
8 .8

(? )
(6 )
4 .9

Footnotes
1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v id in g b y
th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r
m o r e a n d h a lf r e c e i v e t h e s a m e o r l e s s th a n , th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m id d l e r a n g e is d e f in e d b y tw o
r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a
fo u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e th a n t h e h i g h e r r a t e .




3 E a r n i n g s d a ta
r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s
w h ose
s e x id e n t i f i c a t i o n w a s p r o v i d e d b y th e
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h i ft s .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r t o 1 97 6 r e l a t e t o m e n o n ly f o r s k il le d m a in t e n a n c e and
u n s k il le d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A ll o th e r e s t im a t e s r e la t e to m e n and w o m e n .
6 D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n o t a v a il a b l e .

11




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f the 75 * a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u r e a u o b ta in s
1
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s d a t a f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in
s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s ; M an ufactu ring; tran sp ortation , co m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x c l u d e d . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s are also exclu ded b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t
e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d . A p p e n d i x ta b le 1 s h o w s the n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to b e w ith in the s c o p e o f th is s u r v e y ,
as w e l l as the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s tu d ie d .
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o b ta in d a t a b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f t h e tw o in t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s o n l y is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t ,
m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g
in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p l e o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is s e l e c t e d
f o r s t u d y p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p l e , l e s s e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w h i c h g o o u t o f b u s i n e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w ith in the i n d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , i s r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g tw o ann ual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the s c o p e
o f the s u r v e y u ntil the s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p l e f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h i n the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and
num ber of em p loyees.
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e
is s e l e c t e d , w it h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e ­
l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n
o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W hen data are co m b in e d ,
e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n s o
th at u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , if o n e o u t o f f o u r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plu s
t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the
s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n if da ta a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l
s a m p l e m e m b e r . If no s u i t a b l e s u b s ti tu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d it io n a l w e i g h t is
a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit .
O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
turing
O ffice

O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s ;
( 1)
c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,

1 Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a.—N.C. ;
Poughkeepsie^-Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N .Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more
limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
Occupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b
t i t l e s a r e f o r all i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e
e i t h e r ( 1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en ough data
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f indiv id ual
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
S e p a r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d w h e n the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n t i f ie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n in g s data
n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in data f o r all
in d u stries co m b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a t i o n s w ith m o r e than o n e l e v e l ,
d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e show n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n in g s
da t a e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and l a t e s h i f t s .
N on production bonuses
a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k ly hours fo r o ffice
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to the sta n da rd
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m ra te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings f o r th ese occu pation s are
r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d is t r i b u t i o n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d i c a t e a c h a n g e in the s i z e o f the c l a s s i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in divid u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e , o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s . Such s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r i n g the y e a r . C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s ho w n in table
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s t rie s
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f fin g , and thus c o n t r ib u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n o t be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in c l u d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d ra te r a n g e s ( o n l y the r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
perform ed.

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

Skilled m ain ten ance

Com puter system s
analysts, c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C om puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
Com puter operators,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

C arpen ters
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M a ch inists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch inery)
M e ch a n ics (m otor veh icle)
P i p e f i t t e rs
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B ecause occu pa tion a l s tru ctu res am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r, e stim a te s of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n l y to in d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n i n g s da ta .

Industrial n u rses

U n s k i l l e d p la n t

R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a t e r ia l handling la b o r e r s

Wage trends f o r se le c t e d occu p a tion a l grou ps

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d
d a t e s . W h e n the t i m e spa n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , ann ual
rates a re shown.
(it is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t ra te
betw een s u r v e y s .)

in the p r o g r a m a r e

com puted

A v e r a g e earn ings a re c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n i n g s in t h o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h a r e in
the s u r v e y b o th y e a r s ; it i s a s s u m e d th at e m p l o y m e n t
rem ain s unchanged.

2.

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u t e d in s t e p 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y its w e i g h t . T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d to
o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

The r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

are:

O ffice c le r ic a l
S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S tenograp hers, sen ior
T ypists, c la sse s
A and B
F ile c le rk s , cla s s e s A,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itchboard o p e r a to r s

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e t h e s e
w age tr e n d s, see "Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1973, pp. 5 2 - 5 7 .

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C o n tin u e d
O rder clerk s, cla sses
A and B
A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a ch in e
op erators, cla ss B
P a yroll clerk s
K e y entry o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




areas

1.

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the
t r e n d j o b s in b o th the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s hif ts a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in c l u d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re still a ffe cte d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v i d i n g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r i n d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o t t o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

O c c u p a t i o n s u s e d to c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s

P e rce n t changes fo r i
as f o llo w s :

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is b u l l e t i n . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r , i n t e r v a l s .
T h ese tabu­
l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h if t
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s a nd d a y s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s f o r th is a r e a .

14

A p p en d ix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in O m ah a, N e b r.—Iow a, O ctober 1978
In d u s try d ivisio n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h m e n t s in scope
o f s tu d y

ALL D I V I S I O N S ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R TA T IO N . COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------------------UHOLESALE TRADE 6 --------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE 6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------F IN A N C E . IN SU R AN C E. AND REAL E S T A T E 6 --------------S E R V I C E S 6 7--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W i t h i n scope
o f s tu d y 5

W i t h i n sc ope o f s tu d y 4
S tu d ie d

Number

Percent

S tu d ie d

515

154

102*999

100

62.362

50

127
388

47
107

29 .«R<I
73.515

29
71

19*945
42*417

50
50
50
50
50

58
75
117
67
75

17
16
30
17
27

17*284
8*497
23.338
18.970
9 ,9 26

17
8
23
18
10

13,111
2.7 82
12.932
8 .8 32
8 .8 0 0

1 T h e O m a h a S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e O f f i c e
o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f D o u g la s a n d S a r p y
C o u n t i e s , N e b r . ; a n d P o t t a w a t t a m ie C o u n t y , I o w a .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f
s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f
th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a re
n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 )
s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 97 2 e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d
in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
H o w e v e r, a ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m
li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in in d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,




W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s on e
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in
th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s
ta b le s .
T a x i c a b s and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
O m a h a 's g a s , e l e c t r i c
u t ilit ie s , and lo c a l - t r a n s it s y s t e m s a r e m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d an d a r e e x c lu d e d by
d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
6 S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta is n ot m a d e f o r t h is d i v is i o n .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r ,
r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g and
a rc h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

15




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o riate o cc u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who are em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h i s p e r m i t s the g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
w a g e ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m ­
p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e
in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r ­
p o s e s . In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s
a r e i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s w h o s e
e a r n i n g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r h a n d ic a p a r e a l s o e x c l u d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n l e s s s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c lu d e d in the
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , are exclu ded .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e in d i v i d u a l . M a i n ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v i t i e s o f
the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e and u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d
e.

f.

E x c l u s io n s

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h d o n o t f it any o f the s it u a t io n s l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e l o w t i t l e d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ;
T rain ees.

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l

N o t a ll p o s i t i o n s th at a r e ti tle d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a cteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n
a r e as f o l l o w s :
a.

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h d o not m e e t
d e s crib e d above;

the " p e r s o n a l "

b.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f
fe ss io n a l, tech n ica l, o r m a n a geria l p erson s;

S e c r e t a r y j o b s w h i c h m e e t the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d at
o n e o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a) the l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y ' s o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c h a r t f o l l o w i n g th e e x p la n a t io n s o f t h e s e two
f a c t o r s i n d i c a t e s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b i n a t i o n o f the
factors.

se cre ta ry concept

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y ' s S u p e r v i s o r (L S)

d.

pro­
S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld b e m a t c h e d at o n e o f the f o u r L S l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r w ith in the c o m p a n y
orga n iza tion a l s tru ctu re.

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h e n ta il m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in istra tiv e, o r s u p e r v is o r y du ties which
a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e .g ., A d m in is t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;




L S —1

17

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e ad o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r than a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — Co n tin u e d

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n b y L e v e l — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n b y L e v e l — C o n tin u e d

b.

LS—
2

a.

b.

LS~3

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r o r assistan t, sk illed tech n ician
o r expert.
(N O TE:
M a n y com pa n ies
assign sten ograph ers,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
su p erv isory or n on su p ervisory w ork er.)
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e q u i v a l e n t to o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in
the d e f i n i t i o n f o r LS—
3, but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d
in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , in tu rn , f u r t h e r
s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a w i d e ra n g e
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o; o r

L e v e l o f S e cre ta ry 's R esp on sib ility (LR )
T h is f a c t o r e v a l u a t e s the n a t u r e o f the w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the e x t e n t to w h i c h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e in itia t iv e and j u d g m e n t . S e c r e t a r i e s sh o u ld b e m a t c h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .

S e c r e t a r y to the h e ad o f an i n d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r
tha n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s ,
but f e w e r than 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

c.

P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s i n c l u d i n g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g :

c h a i r m a n o f the
in a ll, o v e r 100

a.

e.

a.

personal

calen dar

and

and t r a n s c r i b e s d i c t a t i o n ,

ca llers,

m akes

and

opens

answ ers.

appointm ents

in ­

May

as

and f i l e s .

P e r f o r m s d u tie s d e s c r i b e d u n d e r L R —1 and, in a d d itio n p e r f o r m s
t a s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r j u d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s
i n c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
a.

18

A n sw e rs req u ests w hich r e q u ir e a d etailed k n ow led g e o f o f ­
fice p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo rm a tio n fr o m
files or
other o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n r o u t i n e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e
in o w n o r
s u p e rv is o r's nam e.

c.

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u s e d in the a b o v e L S d e f i n i t i o n
r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g
r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , "
though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in all c a s e s id e n t i f y s u ch

S c r e e n s te l e p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h i c h c a n
be h an dle d b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b o r d i n a t e s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .




Types,

ta kes

greets

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000
but f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s
in structed.

e.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o f p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
typograp hical a c c u r a c y .

d.

S e c r e t a r y to the h e ad o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

A n s w e r s te l e p h o n e r e q u e s t s w h i c h h a v e s t a n d a r d
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s by s e n d i n g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r
5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

A n s w e r s telephon es,
com ing m a il.

b.

S e c r e t a r y to the h e ad ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w id e fun ction al a ctivity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in du strial r e la t io n s ,
etc.) o r a m a jo r
geograp h ic o r organ izational segm en t (e .g ., a region al headquar­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r
5, 000 b ut f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d.

LS—
4

p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to a ct p e r s o n a l l y
on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n
o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a
c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s
o f a p p ly in g the d e f in it io n .

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c
of general in stru ction s.

reports

on the b a s i s

S E C R E T A R Y — Con tin ued

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)— C o n tin u e d

o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e t c . U s e s this k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u tin g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r in g
ro u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

d.

S c h e d u l e s t e n t a t i v e a p p o in t m e n t s w ith o u t p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y background m a te ria l for sched uled m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s u n it .
( A l s o t y p e s , ta k e s d i c t a t i o n , and f i l e s . )

TRA N SCRIBIN G -M ACH IN E T Y PIS T

T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h
L S and L R c o m b i n a t i o n .

L e v e l of s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d i c t a t i o n w h ich d o e s
n o t i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch as that u s e d in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o ty pe f r o m w r it t e n
co p y . M a y m ain tain fi l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other re la tiv e ly
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S e e S t e n o g r a p h e r d e f i n i t i o n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith s h o r t h a n d d i c t a t i o n . )

L ev el of s e c r e t a r y 's re sp o n sib ility
L R -1

L R —2
TYPIST

L S - 1 __________________________________________
L S - 2 __________________________________________
L S - 3 __________________________________________
L S - 4 __________________________________________

C la ss
C lass
C la ss
C la ss

E
D
C
B

C lass
C lass
C la ss
C lass

D
C
B
A

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in clu d e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit tle s p e c i a l tr a i n in g , such as
keepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , f i l i n g
records
and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
distributing in com in g m a il.

STENOGRAPHER

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in fin a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ;
o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , pu n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f
t e c h n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r plannin g l a y ­
out and t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a ils to suit
circu m sta n ces.

P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s in g s h o rt h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a l ly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ice r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n ­
a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s
as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty pin g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e tt in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

Stenographer, G eneral

FIL E CLERK

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a i n t a i n f i l e s ,
k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s o n the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

S ten og rap h er, Sen ior
D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain f ile s , k e e p r e c o r d s , etc.

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f ile this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n with the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

OR

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d i n g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
As requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y the
f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and




19

F I L E C L E R K — C o n t in u e d

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l th at h as a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system (e.g .,
alphabetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l o u t w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P ositions
d e fin ition s:

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

accord in g

to

the

follow ing

MESSENGER

C l a s s A . H a n d le s o r d e r s th at i n v o l v e m a k i n g j u d g m e n t s s u c h as
c h o o s i n g w h ich s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p r o d u c t
l i n e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to b e q u o t e d
w h e n p r i c i n g in v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k i n g
s o m e sim ple m athem atical calcu lation s.

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u tie s s u c h as ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a il,
and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e
o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t du ty .

C l a s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h i c h h a v e r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s m a n u a l ,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is s u p p l i e d o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d item .
ACCOUNTING C L E R K

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R

P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y va rio u s types o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
c a l l s . M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a t e l e p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e o p e r a t o r a r e '
e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O p era tor-R ecep tion ist.

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , b ut is not r e q u i r e d to h a v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .

SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t .
R ecep­
t i o n i s t ' s w o r k i n v o l v e s s u c h d u t i e s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s : d e t e r m i n i n g n a tu r e
o f v i s i t o r ' s b u s i n e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r
to a p p r o p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n b y t e l e ­
ph o ne and a r r a n g i n g an a p p o i n t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

P ositions
d efin ition s:

into

levels

on

the b a s i s

of

the

follow ing

C lass A . U nder gen era l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
exam ple,
c l e r ic a l ly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r nonr e p etitiv e a ccou nting
tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le ctin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou nting
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c ­
c o u n t in g a ctio n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d by
one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c l e r k s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' pu rch a se o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l
or m e r ch a n d is e fr o m c u s t o m e r s o r sa les peop le.
W o r k ty p ica lly in volves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g d u t i e s :
Q u o t in g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w h e n n e c e s s a r y ;
a d v i s i n g e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a t e and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and
c u s t o m e r in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r sh eets; ch eck in g o r d e r sheets fo r a c c u r a c y
and a d e q u a c y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n i s h i n g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g up
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y the s p e c i f i e d date o r to l e t c u s t o m e r kn o w
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g s h ip p in g i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C lass B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ction s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u ch as p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ;
c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u s i n g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
accounting c o d e s .
B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s p a id o n a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u t ie s in­
c l u d e any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r
m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e u s i n g
k n o w le d g e gain ed f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l training; e m p h a ­
s i z i n g s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t
o f the j o b .




are cla s s ifie d

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d .

20

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s of
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g lit t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g s
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in clu d e a ccou n ts payable, payroll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou nts
(n o t i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t
distrib u tion ,
e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in ven tory con trol, e tc .
M ay check or
a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the
accou nting d e p a rtm e n t.

C l a s s B . W o r k is r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under clo se sup er­
v is io n or fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in stru ction s, w o r k s fr o m various
s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c ­
i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u i r e lit tle o r
no s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f da t a to b e r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to
s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s arisin g f r o m e r r o n e o u s item s o r co d e s or m is s in g
in form a tion .

M ACH IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
op eration s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b ille r s a re c l a s s i fi e d by
t y p e o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s ;

Professional and Technical
C O M P U TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y ST ,

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
them by u se o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t. D e v e lo p s a co m p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f all s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i fie s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and da ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru ns o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g shou ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s if th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l billing m a c h in e (com b in a tio n
t y p i n g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
purchase ord ers,
in tern a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,
sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a ,
etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
Th e o p e r a tio n u su a lly involves a la rg e num ber o f c a rb o n co p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and is o f t e n d o n e on a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r
w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la tes
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
of b ook k eepin g.
W orks
f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a l e s and
cred it slip s.

D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK

For

P ositions
defin ition s:

the b a s i s

are

cla ssified

into

le v e ls on

alph abetic a n d /o r

of

the

purposes,

system s

a n a ly s t s

are

classified

as

follow ing
who

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts.
O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k e y p u n c h w o r k . M a y
train in e x p e r ie n c e d k eyp un ch o p e r a t o r s .




s tu d y

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t d a t a and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tp ut data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n
s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty pe is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th ro u gh the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia ted b y the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w
o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s ,
if n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
obtaining equipm en t.

KEY ENTRY O PERATOR
or verify

wage

follow s:

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a i n t a i n p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s ti n g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r c h a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d e d u c t i o n s ; e d it in g p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a i n s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n onautom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s . W ork m ay re q u ire a p r a c tic a l
k n o w l e d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com p u ter system fo r p r o c e s s in g p ayrolls.

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d
n u m e r i c da t a o n t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

BUSINESS

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction al
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d i r e c t i o n to

low er lev el

system s

a n a ly st s

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , pla n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the o utp ut d a t a a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,

21

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SINESS— C o n t in u e d

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a nk, m a i n t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s with p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the da t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lie d .

A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da t a e l e m e n t s . A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t of c o m m o n o p e r atio n s w h ich can be r e u se d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to da t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e ­
q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t ia l m a n i p u l a t i o n
and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly on r o u t i n e a s s i g n ­
m e n t s and r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to
in s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
program m ers from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
re la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , or on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , adapting, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input d a t a w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta c a n be t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t i n e
record k eep in g operation s.
OR

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem ents o f bu sin ess p r o b le m s , ty pically p r e p a re d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , into a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . W o r k i n g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w hen e n t e r e d into the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
la tio n o f d a t a to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : A pp lies know ledge o f com p u te r ca p a b ilitie s, m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic
e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e
c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f
p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a t a w i l l
b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to
f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g
p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to
i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a da p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e ­
c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s
a n a ly s t s i f th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )
D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are cla ssifie d

as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h id e n t i f y
the n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
pla n s the f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .




W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay a s s is t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y gu ide o r

instruct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

C lass C . M akes p r a c tic a l applications o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u t in e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n ­
m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
req u ired p r o ce d u re s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
S tu d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
F o r wage

s tu dy

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C la ss A. O p era tes in depen den tly, o r u n d er only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

D R A F T E R — C o n t in u e d

a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e unit s o r p a r t s f o r
en gineering, con stru ctio n , m anufacturing, o r re p a ir p u rp o s e s .
Types of
draw in gs p r e p a r e d in clude i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g three d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on so lid a te s details f r o m a n um ber of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith in itia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w h e n a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n ru n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is l it t le o r no t e s t in g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n . T h is
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
stan dard c o r r e c t i o n tech n iq u es.

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
Copies
cloth o r p a p er
in clude tr a c in g
l a r g e s c a l e n ot

p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c i n g t r a c i n g
o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
req u irin g c l o s e delineation.)
A N D /O R

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w it h the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t ta s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n . Is
e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru nn in g ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t h igher
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
parts.
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e dr aw in g s o r d i r e c t th eir p r e p a r a t io n by
low er le v e l d r a fte r s.
C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th a t r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
regu la rly used.
D u t i e s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s u c h w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U ses accepted form u la s
and m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c . R e c e i v e s
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r . C o m p l e t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l adequacy.




P r e p a r e s s im p le o r rep etitiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v isu alized item s.
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECHNICIAN
W o r k s o n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l application o f te c h n ica l k n ow led ge of e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
re q u ir e d op er atin g con dition.
T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kin ds o f c i r c u i t s
o r t m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to, the f o l l o w i n g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm en t.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c test in stru m e n ts; te c h n icia n s who have a dm inistrative
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s ,
and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on

the b a s i s

of

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u su a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c lu d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
e n g i n e e r i n g c h a n g e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s ; A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s uch
t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , du al
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — C o n tin u e d

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n tin u e d

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e with a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i­
m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s
n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
apprenticeship or
e q u iv a le n t tr ain in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s hip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la ss A techn ician.
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
level te c h n icia n s.
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u tin e t a s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tio n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y all p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s s uch
t a s k s a s : A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and takin g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , aud io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu be t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n . W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , b ut is g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
w hen new o r a d v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L NURSE

\

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to ill o r in j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e il l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv i n g f i r s t aid to the ill o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e alt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y i n g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
healt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f all p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n urse a re exclu ded .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M AINTENANCE C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d in g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and




M AINTENANCE E LE C TR IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u ch as the i n s t a l ­
la tio n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : In sta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c ad e q u ip ­
m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e atin g u n it s, c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s ta n d a rd c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and te s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M AINTENANCE PAIN TER
P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e
f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tt y o r f i l l e r in n ail
h o l e s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p lyin g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May
m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite le a d , and o t h e r pa in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r
color or con sistency.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r
r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and new p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; plannin g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and fitting and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s
into m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
In
g e n e r a l , the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECHANIC (M a ch in e ry )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a i n l y i n v o l v e the u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p i n g and fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C ( M a c h i n e r y ) — C o n tin u e d

M ILLW RIGH T

o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g all
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

I n s t a l l s new m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t ,
and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the pla n t la y o u t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and l a y in g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u ch as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r vehicle)
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f itt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g
and i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
a d j u s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r tig h t e n in g
b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

tom ers'

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s w h o
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

rep air

M AIN TEN AN CE TR A D E S H ELPE R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d by j o u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n f i n e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t i m e b a s is .

cus­
M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e than o n e ty pe o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la th e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a i n t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e.g ., p la stic, p la ster, ru bber, gla ss).
W o rk typically in v o lv e s;
P l a n n i n g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a hig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e t t in g up m a c h i n e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cu tt in g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g t a b l e s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le the s i z e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h i n e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g m a c h i n i n g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
May
b e r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu ttin g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in this
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n in g and
ex p erien ce.

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
o u t w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d in g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p i p e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m e e t sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W ork ers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are exclu ded.
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t e d
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h as m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g o u t all t y p e s o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in te n a n ce w o r k fr o m blueprints, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ifi­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in cu tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s .- P la n n in g and la y in g
o u t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and

25

TOOL, A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H I P P E R AND R E C E I V E R

a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r ­
ating v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u s i n g v a r i o u s t o o l and
d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f itt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d
th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l t a s k s in c o n n e c t i o n w ith s h ip p in g
g o o d s o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m i n g
ship m en ts.
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y ,
rou tin e ta sk s, f o llo w s esta b lish ed
g u i d e l i n e s . In h an d lin g u n u su a l n o n r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
ance f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r other o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d i n a t e the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g g o o d s to b e s h ip p e d o r b e i n g
receiv ed .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c lu d e t o o l and d i e m a k e r s w h o ( 1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
s h o p s o r ( 2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g . W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a in t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t ,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M a y a lso s u p e r v is e these o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
are ex clu d e d .

S h ip p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V er­
if y in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and q u a n t it ie s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h i p m e n t a g a i n s t d o c u m e n t s ; in s u r i n g that s h i p m e n t s
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , id e n t i fie d w ith s h ip p in g i n f o r m a t i o n , and l o a d e d into
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p i n g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h i p p e d , e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b ills o f la d in g .
R eceiv ers
t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m i n g s h i p m e n t s b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
q u a n t it ie s u n lo a d e d a g a in s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s ,
storage
r e c e i p t s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r d a m a g e d g o o d s ; i n s u r i n g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y id e n t i f ie d f o r r o u t i n g to d e p a r t m e n t s w it h in the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p i n g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e i v e d .
For

wage

study

purposes,

w orkers

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:

S h ipp e r
R eceiv er
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

BO ILER TEN DE R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h e at, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

Material Movement and Custodial
TRU CKDR IVER
D rives
a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r w o r k e r s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h as: M a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r places of b u sin ess.
M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k
with o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
good w orking o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s
ra te d c a p a c i t y o f t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t t r u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , u n d e r lVz t o n s , u s u a l l y 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m truck
( s t r a i g h t tr u c k , IV2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , u s u a l l y 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , heavy truck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a l l y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river, tr a c to r-tra ile r




and

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d ir e cte d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g du ties w hich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; r o u t in g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta kin g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s
and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t . M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a reh ou sin g du ties.
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s i n v o l v e s h ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k ( s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F il le r ) , o r operating p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
ORDER FILLER
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a t i n g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o i n g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e l a t e d d u tie s .
SH IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g th em
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t
u p o n the ty pe, s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u nit s to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r

SH IPPING P A C K E R — C on tin u ed

G U A R D — C o n tin u e d

e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n ti fy in g da ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s
who a lso m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r cra tes are ex clu d ed .
M A T E R I A L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g pla nt, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth e r tr a n s p o rt in g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g, o r placin g
m aterials
or m erch an dise
in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n l o a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly co n tro lle d g a solin e- o r e le c t r ic p o w e re d truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f all kin d s ab out a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

truck,

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :

vices

G uards e m p lo y e d by esta b lish m en ts w hich p rov id e protectiv e s e r ­
on a c o n t r a c t b a s i s a r e i n c l u d e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n .
F o r wage

s tu d y

purposes,

guards

are

cla ssified

as

follow s;

C lass A .
E n f o r c e s r e g u l a t i o n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s j u d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g with e m e r ­
gen cies
and
s e c u r ity violations encoun tered .
D e te r m in e s whether fir s t
r e s p o n s e s h o u ld b e to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y ( a s k i n g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w h e n d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p s it u a t io n u n d e r s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e p o r t
s it u a t io n s o that it c a n b e h a n d le d b y a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r it y . D u t ie s r e q u i r e
s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n in g in m e t h o d s and t e c h n i q u e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y a r e a s .
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e co n tin u in g p h y s i c a l f it n e s s
and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
C lass B .
C a r r i e s ou t i n s t r u c t i o n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d in­
s u r i n g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r it y .
I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in sit u a tio n s
w h i c h r e q u i r e m i n i m a l a c t i o n to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s . D u tie s r e ­
q u i r e m i n i m a l t r a i n i n g . C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p h y s i c a l f i t n e s s . M a y b e a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in the u s e o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
J A N I T O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

F ork lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D u t i e s i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d p o s t , m a k i n g r o u n d s o n
fo o t o r by m o t o r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e r so n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be deputized
to m a k e a r r e s t s .
M a y a l s o h e l p v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r i n g
q u e s t i o n s and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
W a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r other esta b lish m en t.
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o li s h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

f

27

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follow ing area s are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A ct
o f 1965.
Su rvey results are pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h i c h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at n o c o s t , w h i le s u p p l i e s la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
s ho w n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A lask a (statew ide)
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a — t a n d ish r-T a w a s C i t y , M i c h .
S
Ann A r b o r , M i c h .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
Augusta, G a .— .C .
S
A ustin, T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif .
Baton R o u g e , La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M i c h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e
O
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
M oss Poin t, M iss.
B ingham ton, N .Y .
B ir m in g h a m , Ala.
B l o o m i n g t o n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e rton— h e l t o n , W a s h .
S
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C edar R apids, Iowa
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a —R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n —N o r t h C h a r l e s t o n Wait e r b o r o , S . C .
C h arlotte— a sto n ia , N.C.
G
Cheyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . - K y .
C olora d o S p r in g s , C olo.
C olu m b ia — u m t e r , S .C .
S
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A la .
C olu m bu s, M is s .
D e c a t u r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , Io w a
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r i n g f i e l d —M e d f o r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R aton, Fla.
F o r t S m it h , A r k . — k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n —
C h am bersbu rg, M d .-P a .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C.
G r a n d I s la n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
Guam, T e r r ito r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T o n o p a h , N e v .
L i m a , O h io
L it tl e R o c k —N o r t h L it tl e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d - V a . —D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a dison , W is.
M a in e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M a n s f i e l d , O h io
M c A l l e n —P h a r r - E d i n b u r g
and B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C it y ,
A l a . —F l a .
M o n ta n a ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C ,
New H a m p s h ire (statew id e)
N e w L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R .I.
N o r t h D a k o ta ( s t a t e w i d e )
N o rth e rn New Y o r k
N orthw est T exas
O rla n d o , Fla.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y — e n t u r a , C a lif .
S
V
P e o r i a , 111.
Phoenix, A riz .
Pin e B lu ff, A rk .
P u e b lo , C olo.
P u erto R ico
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N .C .
R e n o , N ev.
S a lin a , K a n s .

S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif .
S
S a n d u s k y , Ohio
San ta B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C a lif .
S a v a n n a h , Ga.
S e l m a , A la .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
Sou th D akota (s t a t e w id e )
S o u t h e r n Idaho
Southw est V irg in ia
S p o k a n e , W a sh .
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S t o c k t o n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , O kla .
U p p er P en in su la, M ich .
V e r m o n t (s t a te w id e )
V i r g i n I s la n d s o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
W e s t V i r g i n i a ( s t a t e w id e )
W i c h i t a F a l l s —Law ton —Alt us ,
T e x . — kla .
O
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l. —N.J .—Md.
Y a k im a —R ich la n d —K e n n e w ic k —
P en dleton, W ash.— re g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B LE —
A n ann ua l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accountants, a uditors, ch ief a cco u n t­
ants, a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a ly sts , d i r e c ­
tors of person n el, buyers, ch em ists,
e n g in e e r s , en g in eerin g techn icians,
d r a fte r s, a n d c le r ic a l em p loyees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
ti n 1980, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe ssio n a l, A dm in istrative, T ech n ical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 7 , $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m en t P rin tin g O f f i c e , W ash ington,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u l l e t i n s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
Bulletin s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on t h e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f fi c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 20402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f
D ocu m en ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 t h r o u g h 1 9 7 6 , is a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t .

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 7 __________________________________________
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , Se p t. 1977_________________
A n a h e i m —Santa A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 _________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1978 1_________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1978 1 ____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u l y 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 19 7 8 __________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 19 7 8 1 _____________________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1977 ................ - ....................................................... .
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t. 1978 1 -------------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 8 . . . ......... ...............................................................
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —I n d . , J u ly 1 9 7 8 __________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------------------------C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 8 _______________________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1978 1 ............ ................................
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 8 . . .........
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 977 1------------------------------------------------------------D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J un e 1978 1 -------------------------------------------------------G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 8 1 -----------------------------------------------------G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m — ig h P o i n t ,
W
H
N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 .............................................................................................
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , J un e 1978_____________________
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1978 1 -----------------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 --------------------------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ------------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 8 -----------------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t . 1978----------------------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 --------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d . , N o v . 1977 1_______________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------




B u lletin n u m ber
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 - 7 0 , 80 c e n t s
1 9 5 0 - 5 2 , 80 c e n t s
1950-60,
2025-28,
2025-50,
2025-38,
2025-15,
2025-43,
1950-58,
2025-22,
2025-51,
2025-32,
2025-39,
2025-49,
1950-64,
2025-29,
2025-52,
2025-6,
1950-71,
2025-48,
1950-74,
2025-11,
2025-31,
2025-45,
2025-41,

$1.00
$1.40
$ 1 .50
$1.00
80 c e n t s
$ 1 .5 0
$1 .00
70 c e n t s
$1.20
$1 .30
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .00
$ 1 .0 0
$1.50
70 c e n t s
$1. 10
$1.00
$ 1 .40
$ 1 .2 0
$1 .20
$1 .00
$ 1 .20

2025-46,
2025-30,
2 0 2 '5 -1 4,
2025-23,
2 025-4,
1950-56,
2 025-1,
1950-67,
2025-53,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.00
$1 .00
$1 .20
$ 1 .2 0
70 c e n t s
$ 1 .0 0
70 c e n t s
70 c e n t s
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .20
$ 1 .20
70 c e n t s

A rea
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ____________ _______ ______________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 __________________________ ____ _
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k , N . Y . , June 1978 1______ __ ______ _____________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1978 1 _______________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1978 1......................................... ...........
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—
N . C . , M a y 1978........................................................................................ .
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a —N . C . , M a y 1978______________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 19 7 8 _____ ____ __________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 19 7 8 ______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t . 1978________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1978 1 _________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1978________________ ___________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 ______________ ______________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 _______________ _____ ______________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1978____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N. Y . , June 1978 1 ______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1978 1 _____
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —
W
M a s s . , June 1978_______________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 19 7 8 ______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1977 1_______________________________
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 7 7 -------------------------------------------------------Salt L a k e C it y—O g d e n , Utah , N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 19 7 8__________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1 _________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1__________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 * __________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D e c . 1977____________________________
South B e n d , I n d ., A u g . 19 7 8 ____________________________________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , M a y 1978 1 ______________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t. 1978 1 _____________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J uly 19 7 8__________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1978______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 ________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1978 1____________ _____________ ________________

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
2025-18,
2025-2,
2025-33,
2025-7,
2025-5,
2025-35,

$ 1.00
$ 1 .40
$ 1.40
$1.30
$ 1 .40
$ 1 .00
$1.50

2025-20,

70 c e n t s

2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
2025-3,
1950-69,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 c e n ts
$ 1 .00
$ 1 .00
$ 1 .00
$1.20
$1.30
$1. 10
70 ce n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1.10
$ 1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
2025-17,
1950-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
1950-75,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2025-8,

$1.40
80 c e n t s
$1.20
$ 1.00
70 c e n ts
80 ce n ts
70 c e n t s
$1. 10
$1.40
$ 1.20
80 ce n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1 .20
$1.20
$ 1 .00
$ 1 .40
80 c e n ts
$ 1 .10
$1. 10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region 11
1

Region IV

Region I

Region II

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
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Vermont

Suite 3400
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New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
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3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
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Phone 596-1154 (A rea Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

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Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Second Floor
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Phone: 767-69 71 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
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Federal Office Building
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Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)
X
IX
Arizona
Alaska
California Idaho
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada




VII

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

VIII

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone :881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee