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Area Wage Survey
Northeast Pennsylvania,
Metropolitan Area, August 1976
Bulletin 1900-43
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an A u g u s t 1976 s u r v e y
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in th e N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , S t a n d a r d
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( L a c k a w a n n a , L u z e r n e , and M o n r o e
C ou n ties).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' a nn ua l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h is d e s i g n e d
t o y i e l d d a t a f o r i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as w e l l as n a t i o n a l
and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l
A r e a s in th e U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a and H a w a i i .

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is th e n e e d t o d e s c r i b e t h e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h t h e a n a l y s i s o f (1) t h e l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) t h e m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The program
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
c l u d i n g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n .
S u rvey r e s u lts also
a r e u s e d b y t h e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r t o m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 9 6 5 .




C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
(See
lis t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s da t a a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n fo rm a tio n on e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d e v e r y
th ird y e a r.
E a ch y e a r a fte r all in dividual a r e a w a g e su r v e y s have
been c o m p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The fir s t
b r i n g s t o g e t h e r da t a f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta .
T h e N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l di­
r e c t io n o f Irw in L. F e ig e n b a u m , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r
for O peration s.
The s u r v e y c o u ld not have b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d
w ith o u t t h e c o o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y
da ta p r o v i d e d t h e b a s i s f o r t h e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is
bulletin .
The B u reau w ish e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p recia tion for
th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Bulletin 1900-43

A rea W age Survey:

November 1976

N ortheast Pennsylvania,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
August 1976

Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n --------------------------------------------------------------------

2

Page
A ppendix A.
A p p e n d i x B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y _________13
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________ 17

T ables:
A.

Earn ings:
A - l . W e e k ly earn ings o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ... 3
A - 2 . W e e k ly earn ings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f fic e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
6
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________
A - 4 . H o u rly earn ings o f m ain ten a nce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 7
A - 5 . H ou rly earnings o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly earn ings o f
m a in ten ance, t o o lr o o m , p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___________ 10
A - l . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earn ings fo r se le c te d
o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ________________ 11




1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , a nd p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , tables A - l a th rou gh A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U.S.
D e pa rtm en t of L a b o r 's B ureau of L a b o r Statistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
a c o m b in a tio n of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e ,
and telephone in terview .
R epresen ta tive e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M an ufactu ring ; tran sporta tion , c o m m u n ic a ­
tion,
a nd o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups e x c lu d e d f r o m
these
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e ca u s e of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Separate tabu la­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u blication c r ite r ia .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h ourly e a rn in g s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in du stria l
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten ance trad es w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , da ta a r e
p r e s e n te d fo r all in d u str ie s , m an u fa ctu rin g,
and
nonm an ufacturin g.
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
ea rn ings c a u se d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts a m on g e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts as w e ll as tu rn o v e r of es ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r details, see
appendix A .
A pp end ixes

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a n d c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le s A - 1 th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s
o f s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly o r h o u rly earn ings fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ,

A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip tio n s used
b y B u re a u fi e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in N ortheast Pennsylvania, A ugust 1976
We ek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workers

Average
we ekly
hours1
(standard)

'lu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f —
$

s
75

Me an 2

Me di an 2

Middle r an ge2

$

*

S

$

$

80

85

90

95

85

90

95

100

-

i

S

$

S

$

$

s

S

S

S

$

i

S

1 --------

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

n o

18o

190

200

210

230

250

270

290

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21?

230

250

270

290

310

21
-

32

48

119

55

18

17

31

4

8

4

4

2

23

80

37

53
34

26

1

15

8

28

-

5

-

3

3

4

2

9

2

2

*

1

2

*

2

3

-

-

-

*

and
under
80

ALL WORKERS

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------------

459
244

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
1 5 6.50

$
1 4 9.00
1 5 4.50

$
$
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

3 8 .0

1 5 0.00

14 1.00

4

-

36

3 9 .5

15 9.50

1 4 6.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

-

*

1 4 7 . 0 0 - 1 6 3 . 5C
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

.

-

-

-

*

56

3 9 .0

1 6 0.00

1 5 2.00

32

4 0 .0

1 5 7.00

14 7.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

115

3 8 .5

1 6 6 .5 0

1 4 6.50

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

62

3 8 .0

1 6 4 .5 0

1 4 2.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0

53

3 8 .5

1 6 8.50

1 5 4.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

145

1 5 9.00

15 4.00

87

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 5.50

1 5 5 . 5C

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 8 .or

-

-

58

3 8 .5

1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 0.50

1 2 4 . 5 0 - 1 6 5 . U0

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------- -------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING------— ------------— —
PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------------

141

3 9 .0

14 5.00

-

78

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0

.

63

14 4 .0 0
15 9.00
13 2.50

13 0 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 6 .D 0

-

26

3 9 .5

14 1 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

112
41

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 5.50

12 5.00

-

-

-

13 2 .0 0

1 2 4.00

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0
1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 6 . 0C

-

-

71

3 8 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

1 6 0.00

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

_

-

-

-

13

21

31

25

39

18

19

11

I

2

13

11

1

2

“

*

1

-

_

4

3

17

11

12

1

1

1

1

2

•

*

2

17

7

3

*

*

*

*

*

3

*

4
-

7

8

4

1

7

10

16

2

2

2

2

1

-

12
12

37

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

11
7

-

-

_

13
-

-

215

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

16 2.50

23

1

16

-

-

-

*

14

2

2

*
2

-

7
12

6

37

2

2

2

1

1

2

26

2

-

2

•

1

-

-

-

*

*

.
-

-

4

1

5

4

7

4

*

2

6

*

2

25

10
7

8

3

13

-

22

13
9

4

1

11

1

-

*

-

-

.

8

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

3

8

11

4

11

3

4

3

4

2

2

*

.

-

-

9

27

28

13

2

3

1

-

1

-

-

-

7

7

2

3

-

4

-

-

10

9

9

20

4

1

6

-

1
-

-

-

14
14

11
7

23

-

10
-

9

-

4
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

-

1

2

13

7

1

1

*

”

“

*

*

1

*

*

*

6
-

10

16

1

12

-

-

-

-

6

-

*

*

-

3

6

7

9

18

7

4

-

1

1

3
-

-

9

6
5

-

18

4
-

6

3

9
-

36

-

3
-

12

3

*

-

-

4

•

8

-

24

17

39

2u

-

-

-

"

-

3

*

17

13

39

20

20

-

6

12

21
18

7

2
-

8

5

5

3

6
-

2

6

-

~

_

-

-

22

2

-

*

*

*

-

3

“

1

3
2

3
3

-

*

-

*

6
6

-

_

-

.

•

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

*

*

*

*

*

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

123
109

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 6 .0 0
15 5 .5 0

15 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS ------------

57

3 8 .5

12 0.00

11 3 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

19

TY PIST S. CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

110
48

3 8 .5

10 8.50

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

-

.

2

13

18

26

11 6.00

-

-

-

2

3 8 .0

11 3 .5 0

10 4.50

2

11

11
7

6

62

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

20

3

6

2

3

FILE CLERKS. CLASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

64

3 9 .0

11 7.00

11 7.00

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

•

.

-

.

6

13

20

13

7

57

3 9 .0

11 4 .0 0

11 1.50

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

*

*

*

6

13

20

13

5
4

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

134

3 7 .0

9 8 .5 0

9 7 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

12

6

30

15

12

31

14

9

5

-

123

3 7 .0

9 8 .0 0

9 6 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

12

6

30

13

12

24

13

8

5

*

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

67

3 8 .0

1 0 7 .5 0

10 1.50

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

.

10

10

16

_

11 7 .0 0

11 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

-

1

“

3

1

11
6

3

3 8 .5

9
9

1

30

3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --- -------- -------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

69

3 8 .5

12 4 .5 0

12 0.50

9 3 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

-

•

8

13

6

1

5

12

6

2

1

49

3 8 .5

11 4 .0 0

10 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0

-

-

8

13

6

1

5

2

6

2

1

3 9 .5

16

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING------------ — - — -------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- --— — — ------PUBLIC U TILITIE S
ORDER CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------

3 9 .0

11 6 .0 0
11 9.50

1 5 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

.

_

4
4

-

10
3

-

.

•

1

_

-

-

-

“

*

*

1

*

*

*

*

2

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

*

*

1

*

*

1

*

*

*

-

2
2

1 2 8 .5 0

13 0 .0 0

11

19

43

49

26

21

5

•

-

1

•

-

.

.

-

116

3 9 .5

13 1 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

-

-

-

4

2

2

12

26

37

19

14

79

3 9 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

14

9

7

17

12

7

7

5

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

4 0 .0

13 8 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

-

*

*

*

2

1

3

12

3

3

4

-

-

1

-

-

*

*

*

*

84

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 4 .5 0

15 6 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

•

-

-

-

.

-

_

11
3

12

11
6

20

10

-

1

9

•

-

-

-

-

15 2 .0 0

195

39

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

•

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

4

10
10

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1

*

3

3

8

9

T a b le A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffic e w orkers in N o rth east Pennsylvania, August 1 9 7 6 — Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
w o rk e n

A v era g e
w e e k ly
h ours1
(standard)

M ean *

M edian *

s

M id d le ran ge*

75

s

$
80

85

85

90

S

$

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
5
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
S

$

$

s

s
>

$

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

230

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

230

5
5

121
2

95

16
9

26
11

16
5

50
42

21
11

27
1

13
13

9

61
24
37

193
38
155
6

86
56
30
7

32
14
18
1

24
21
3
1

16
1
15
2

19

3

-

19
18

3

-

4

135
14
121
3

1
1

.22
13

12
12

30
16

7

8

6

1

9

.

2
2

12
12

-

-

6
6

-

-

2

-

-

-

*

"

*

*

*

*

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
16
17
2

1

in

-

•

-

_

•

1
1

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

90

95

250

270

290

250

270

290

310

-

-

and
u nd er

80

95

100

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING---------------- --— -----

407
113

39.0 139.50 120.00 115.00-160.00
38.5 165.50 160.00 155.00-178.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS 0 ------MANUFACTURING---------------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------- ------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------------

669
189
48o
42

39.0
38.5
39.0
40.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------- ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

71
46

39.0 116.50 120.00 106.50-123.50
39.5 114.50 110.00 109.50-120.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE BILLERS -----

46

38.0

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------ -------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

94
87

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----NONMANUFACTURING---------- ------------

87
66

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------------

225
69
156
42

120.50
126.00
118.00
146.00

120.00
129.50
120.00
153.00

110.00-130.00
111.00-137.on
110.00-120.00
126.00-174.50

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

*

14
14

37
5
32

*

*

-

6

-

-

-

6

*

-

_

-

-

-

-

15

38.5 131.00 126.50 120.00-139.50
38.5 129.00 126.00 120.00-137.00

•

_

39.5 135.00 134.00 130.00-148.00
39.5 129.00 130.00 118.50-134.00

_

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.5

•

98.50

127.00
122.50
126.50
155.50

95.50

125.00
124.50
125.00
159.50

86.50-102.50

106.50-134.00
108.00-134.00
106.50-134.00
126.00-187.00

-

*

7
7

.

.

.

•

.

*

*

16

10
3

•

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




*

43
16
27

4

*

-

16

7

*

*

20
16

7
7

9
6

15
15

3
3

37
37

10
4

17
5

25
10
15
7

52
11
41
6

45
22
23
5

11
7
4

*

_

-

.

-

-

-

_

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

6
2

29
29

6
5

9

*

1

-

3

6

11

3
1

6
2

11
a

2
-

-

.

T a b le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in N orth east Pennsylvania, August 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
N um ber
of
workeis

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

A vera ge
w e e k ly
h ours1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly earn in g s o f—

S
M ean *

M edian *

M id d le range *

ALL

S
s
95 100 105

s

110

S
115

120

S
130

140

S
150

120

130

140

150

160

S

160

S
S
S
S
170 18o 190 200

$

210

S
s
1 —
S
1 -------220 240 26o 280 300

and
u nd er

j

COM PUTER

90

S

95

100

105

no

ns

170

180

19a. 200

210

220

240

7

260

15

280

300

320

W ORKERS

PROGRAM M ERS

(B U S IN E S S )♦

$

32

$

$

( *30
39.0 228,50 234,00 204.00-247.50

16
1

N U nnA N U r A v IU n lP iv

1

1

39.0 197.00

6

1

A3 39.5 182.00 179.00
29

1

185.00-209.50

19

1

8

11
14

15
13
2

*
*

*

“

*
J

le u •^0
D RAFTERS.

CLASS

A

-------------------------------------------------

69
57
151
56
156

40.0 242.50 237.00 223.00245.00
223.00-

T E C H N IC IA N S .

CLASS

B -

44

37

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
-

-

-

-

3

-

1

2
35

20

10
10

20

13

6

13

1
1

1
1

22
22

1
1

74
2

1

166.50 165.00

1

237.50

14

36
15

“
-

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

14

5

2

17
17

5

4

17

-

1

LL ' » J
J

40.0 204.00 204.00 186.00-221.C
O
207.50
184.00




-

J

189.50 193.00
39.5 189.00 1 7 J . U U 169.00-206.50

l> U b ,jU
E L E C T R O N IC S

263.00
263.00

b

1

-

1
1
-

1

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Northeast Pennsylvania, August 1976
A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )

,Av “ i '
m;
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
w orken

W eek ly
hours
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

MEN
$

_

.

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
w o ike a

W eek ly
hours 1
[standard)

44

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS'WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED
$

104
54

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )
Number
of
w orken

38 « 5
3 9 .0 1 7 9 .5 0

57

3 8 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

HANUFACTUKING
NONMANUFACTURING ”

224
69
155

•

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 ? .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
117

3 6 .5

9 7 .0 0

m l o o

39 •0 1 5 6 .5 0

_

L 1J

79
wLvHu1AKiuwy LL Aj j

A

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESiS).

3 9 .0

80

3 9 .0

ORDER CLERKS ----------------------------------------------

.

^ „

83

1 5 4 .0 0
UK Ar

3 8 .0
38 •j
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

| tK j v vL AJ j M 1 " "

353

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 8 .5 0

143
87
56

1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0

627
170

3 9 .0

1 1 9 .5 0

457

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 4 8 .6 0

39e0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

42

,,

78
26

3 8 .0
3 9 .5

1 " 9 00
1 3 2 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

112

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

109

3 9 .0

156 00
155^50

zA ^

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

1 3 5 .5 0

71
o 1u N v A r M C K j f jLii i U K

5
7

^.

49

1/ /

J u L H L 1AI'IL j ? L L A ^ ^ U

67
42

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS B -

44
37

NONMANUFACTURING------------------ —

3 8 .5

1 2 9 .5 0

64

3 9 .5

6

2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN

1 2 9 .5 0
30

3 8 .5 1120.00

4 0 .0

3 8 .5

92

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




*r*r-r*

39 0

62

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------

„ „

1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 8 7 .5 0

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in N orth east Pennsylvania, August 1976
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly e a rn in g s o f -----

Hourly earnings 4
Number

O ccup ation and industry d iv is io n
workers

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M id d le range 2

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

13

S

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

1

$
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

S
5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

6 .2 0

$
6 .6 0

S

4 .4 0

7 .0 0

%
7 .4 0

5
7 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5.2 Q

5 .4 9

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0 .

2

9
8

7
7

1
1

4
4

1

1

3

*

14
14

2

*

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

$
3 .4 0

i

$
3 .6 0

3

i
$
2 .7 0 2 . 8 0
and
under

*

*

*

*

*

.

17
16

**9
47

21
21

17
17

4
4

21
18

4
4

•

4
“

19
*

3
3

15
15

29
29

29
29

40
40

35
32

-

_

-

“

*

*

.
"

15
15

3
*

12
12

1
1
-

9
9
7

33
2
31
31

15

1

i

S

ALL WORKERS
$

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

63
44

1 .0 9
5 .0 0

4 .8 5
4 .9 1

4 . 3 5 - 1 .4 7
4 . 8 5 - 5 .4 7

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ------------ -------MANUFACTURING ---------------- ---------------------

182
152

5 .5 1
5 .2 3

5 .2 2
5 .1 1

5 . 0 3 - 5 .8 2
4 . 9 9 - 5 .5 1

22
22

*

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

186
183

5 .4 3
5 .4 1

5 .4 2
5 .4 2

5 . 0 3 - 5 .8 2
5 . 0 3 - 5 .8 2

38
38

.

.

*

*

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ---------------- ---------------------

279
276

4 .8 6
4 .8 5

4 .5 8
4 .5 8

4 . 4 6 - 5 .2 6
4 . 4 6 - 5 .2 6

7
7

151
151

8
8

19
19

45
45

-

*

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S )-------------------- — ---------MANUFACTURING-------------- -------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------- —

203
51
152
138

6 .4 9
4 .7 0
7 .0 9
7 .2 1

6 .5 5
5 .0 2
7 .7 6
7 .7 6

5 .1 4 4 .2 5 6 .5 5 6 .5 5 -

12
12

1
1

-

2
2
2

24
17
7
6

11
2
9
2

4
4
-

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ---------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------- —

47
32

3 .7 1
3 .9 5

3 .6 5
4 .4 3

3 . 1 4 - 4 .4 3
3 .5 8 - 4 .4 3

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

161
161

6 .0 0
6 .0 0

5 .8 8
5 .8 8

5 . 5 4 - 6 .3 2
5 . 5 4 - 6 .3 2

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------------

32

5 .5 4

5 .1 1

4 . 2 5 - 5 .8 0

-

3 . 1 0 - 3 .9 0
3 .1 0 - 4 .2 3

•

BOILER TENDERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

69
67

3 .7 7
3 .7 8

3 .9 0
3 .9 0

7 .9 1
5 .0 3
7 .9 1
7 .9 1

-

•

•

*

*

•

_
"

-

-

_
-

7
3

-

-

-

-

_

5
-

3
3

-

6
6

8
6

-

4
*

14
14

-

6
6

3
3

.

17
17

-

-

6
6

•

-

12
12

-

12
12

7

-

-

2

-

9

20
20

-

•

_

-

•

-

_

*

*

*

6

5
5
5

16
13

-

6
6

•

16
-

5
5

67
1
66
66

•

.

-

*

*

-

-

-

10

-

5

-

-

1

-

1

6

-

5
5

-

9
9

_

3
3

.

.

•

-

-

_

-

_

14
14

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




•

*

-

•

33
33

24
24

15
15

64
64

_

*

*

*

11
11

T a b le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in N o rth ea s t Pennsylvania, A ugust 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s of—

Hourly earnings 4

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

i

i

3 .4 0

S
S
S
3 . 60 3 . 80 4 .0 0

4 .2 0

$
4 .4 o

$
4 .8 o

S

2 .8 0

$
3 . 00 3 .2 0

$

2 .6 0

5 .2 0

5 . 6 0 6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 . 8 0 7 .2 o

7 .6 o

o
C
D

s
4
2.2(j 2 .3 0

S
2 .4 0

2 .1 0

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

5
2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2.60

30
30

16
16

30
30

16
16

•

4

-

5
2

$
2 .0 0

Number

3 .0 0

3 . 20 3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 . 80 4 . 00 4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

5
3
2

14
4
10

13
13

9
9

3
3
-

16
10
6

38
21
17
8

24
4
20
13

14
14
-

3
3
3

59
•
59
59

183
75
108
51

410
40
370
370

12
12

8
8

•

6
6

•

-

-

3
3

•

*

-

75
-

40
-

.

3
*

i

$

i

$

1

3 -----------3 --------

and
under
f\l

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

TRUCKORIVEKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------

1 .2 3 7
379
858
509

6 .1 7
5 .5 6
6 .4 4
7 .5 3

7 .1 2
5 .0 3
7 .2 1
7 .7 7

5 . 0 0 - 7 .7 7
4 . 7 6 - 7 .4 1
5 . 0 0 - 7 .7 7
7 . 2 2 - 7 .7 7

$

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

220
96

5 .4 8
3 .2 8

7 .4 1
3 .0 5

3 . 0 5 - 7 .4 1
2 . 3 0 - 4 .3 5

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ■
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

257
124

5 .4 3
6 .2 7

5 .0 3
5 .7 7

5 . 0 0 - 5 .5 4
5 . 0 0 - 7 .7 7

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g -------------------

237
75
162

6 .5 2
5 .1 0
7 .1 8

7 .7 7
5 .0 6
7 .7 7

5 . 1 5 - 7 .7 7
4 . 9 1 - 5 . A0
6 . 1 5 - 7 .7 7

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

•

*

*

.

-

_

*

*

*

•

-

99

4 .5 8

4 .7 6

4 . 4 6 - 5 .1 5

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

117
80
37

4 .5 7
4 .5 0
4 .7 0

4 .9 3
4 .9 3
5 .0 0

3 . 7 1 - 5 .0 9
3 . 6 9 - 5 .0 9
4 . 6 4 - 5 .2 0

.

.

.

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

157
101
56

4 .0 5
3 .9 8
4 .1 8

4 .1 8
4 .1 5
4 .3 5

3 . 4 8 - 4 .7 0
3 . 5 0 - 4 .4 9
3 . 1 0 - 5 .2 0

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

93
67
26

4 .0 1
4 .1 7
3 .5 9

4 .1 3
4 .2 5
3 .6 1

3 . 5 5 - 4 .3 7
3 . 6 4 - 4 .3 7
2 . 7 5 - 3 .7 1

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------ -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------

426
200
226
36

4 .2 6
3 .5 7
4 .8 7
5 .1 8

4 .3 3
3 .4 5
5 .2 0
5 .4 0

3 .4 5 3 .2 6 4 .4 7 4 .2 9 -

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------— — -

560
310
250

3 .7 4
3 .5 5
3 .9 8

3 .4 8
3 .4 8
3 .4 0

3 . 2 5 - 4 .4 2
3 . 2 1 - 3 .8 3
3 . 2 5 - 5 .1 5

SHIPPING PACKERS -------------------MANUFACTURING

651
562

3 .7 2
3 .8 2

4 .1 2
9 .1 2

*

17
5
12
*

73
47
26
-

4
4

5
-

10
10

7
7

_

-

12
2

9
*

12

7
2

2
*

134
45

10
10

9
9

-

.

•

-

•

*

*

*

54
54

64
36
28

21
21
“

4
4
*

14
14

“

-

*

120
120

-

-

-

-

-

10

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

46

41

-

-

-

.
-

8
8
-

19
15
4

4
4

5
5
“

-

-

4
4
-

-

a
4
4

47
35
12

20
8
12

-

-

1
1
-

.

11

5
5
*

35
32
3

2

3

-

-

3

11
10
1

2

-

40
33
7

1

2

9
5
4

15

-

8
7
1

1

2

6
6

8
7
1

12
5
7

4
4
-

6
4
2

25
25

7
7

9
9
*

4
-

40
39
1

18
18

14
13
1
1

11
6
5
3

52
42
10
7

76
24
52

1
•
1

-

20
20
2

1

-

-

.

•
*

2

-

-

-

-

*

7
5
2

-

2

6
4
2

*

11

-

-

-

.

•

8

4

-

-

-

-

-

8

4

.

-

•

7
7

3
3

30
30

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

“

-

-

-

1
1

27
27
-

2
-

.

•

-

-

-

-

-

28

23
15
8

22
18
4

6
6
-

15
15
-

114
30
84

138
134
4

24
10
14

22
22
-

7
2
5

18
18
-

31
31
-

89
9
80

22
21

4
4

4
4

68
66

160
95

_

7
7

•
-

114
114

149
149

82
80

9
9

44
32
12

67
12
55

41
25
16

91
43
48

116
112
4

15
11
4

35
32
3

20
20
-

31
27
4

18
18
-

108
24
84

-

.
-

17
3
14

9
9
-

18
18
-

.
-

51
51
-

8
8
-

44
44
-

365
365
-

39
11
28

19

33
8

29
25

42

24
16

21
18

13
9

24
19

1
1

28

-

-

3 .2 1 - 4 .2 7
3 . 2 1 - 4 .2 7

-

.

-

-

-

32
13

-

2
2

12
12

52
45
7

.
-

-

883
420
463

4 .4 7
3 .6 3
5 .2 2

3 .8 0
3 .5 2
5 .1 5

3 . 2 5 - 5 .7 1
3 .1 0 - 4 .1 3
3 .2 5 - 6 .9 6

FORKLIFT OPERATORS m a n u f a c t u r in g -----

599
522
77

4 .5 5
4 .4 2
5 .4 4

4 .4 3
4 .4 3
5 .1 5

4 .4 2 - 4 .6 3
4 .3 3 - 4 .6 3
5 .1 5 - 6 .9 6

-

“

-

432
148

2 .8 5
3 .3 6

2 .5 4
3 .2 5

2 . 3 0 - 3 .2 5
3 . 0 0 - 3 .7 6

1

•

17
3

146
6

56
7

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




*

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING ----------— ----NONMANUFACTURING --------------

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----

.

-

•
-

n on m a n u f a c tu r in g

17
17
-

4

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) -----------

5 .2 2
4 .2 1
5 .2 2
5 .5 4

279
136
143
1

14
14
-

14
14

-

-

8

33

3
3

-

15

-

4
104
104
13

-

•

_
-

-

-

.

.

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

2
2
-

3

•

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

•

-

-

-

23
-

•

-

-

-

-

.

-

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
10
3

9
9
-

-

167

-

42

1
1

8
•
8

4
4
-

9
9
-

26
26

•
-

•

3

167

-

42

-

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in N orth east Pennsylvania, A ugust 1 9 7 6 — Continued
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings *

O ccup ation and in du stry d iv is io n

1 ---- S---- 1--- I ----- S--- 1---- S---- 5---- 5---- *---- 5---- J---- S---- f ----- 1--- 5---- S---- 5---- 1---- S---- J----- s—
S.
2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 6 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 8 0 7 . 2 0 7 .6 0

Number
of
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

and
under
2 ,2 0

2 .3 0

2 ,4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

-

2 .1 0

-

-

-

-

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

28

2

8

4.QQ 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

1

3

-

-

37
37

24
9
15
11

31
9
22
22

5
5
*

6 .0 0 6 . 4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

-

-

'

-

-

•

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN— CONTINUED
GUARDS!

$

$

$

$
1

WATCHMEN!

1

5

3
JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS —
rl ANUr Av l U K l r i v j * " • " " * ■ *
" "
NUNMANUrAC1UK1NO

746

3 .2 9

3 .1 0

2 .5 0 - 4 .0 2
2 . 8 7 - 4 .0 7

8

2
2

6

7

-

8

24

5

14

10

8

14

55
•
55

90
23
67
*

45
15
30
1

84
56
28
*

48
31
17
“

73
61
12
*

47
28
19
*

38
22
16
1

41
29
12
*

16
13
3
3

85
77
8
2

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

9

-

-

*

*

17
13
4
4




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in Northeast Pennsylvania, August 1976
S ex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge

(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

A verage
(m e a n ^ )
hourly
earnings 4

Number
of
workers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

m a in t e n a n c e , t o o lr o o m . AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

$
■' A 1

1L N

v t

$

v M» ' r u l . 1 L * ' J

44

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------- -------- --------

92

3 .9 5

b #4 3
j n lr r lliu
A fw1 L N A H w r r l L v 1> ll 1 u J
A

AI.U

KLvL 1 V INu

LLuniX j

" "

A . 86

1 R Awl 11 N L K I §

,

/

?*S 7

A . 70
36
PUBLIC U TILITIE S

-------------------------------------

138

7 .2 1
Jj i

/ ^

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------

32

3 .9 5
.

3 .0 0
872

/

y o

3*6^
A63
69
r UKf \L 1 1 1

U r t . ' ' A 1 UK j

U

1A0

1 " B"

J .3 6

49

A n U l n v * U<' 1

3 * JJ

gu ard s:

NONMANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

857

6 .4 4

w atchm en :

95
257

j

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
~— * " * " ” ” **

NONMANUFACTURING

162

6 .5 2
5 .1 0
7 .1 8

99

l 1 M A I L l. I ' /

*

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - W EN
OM

A . 58

* * —* “ ” * *

-------------------------------------------

JANITORS, PORTERS,
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

10

AND CLEANERS

--------

102

2 .8 7

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Northeast Pennsylvania, for selected periods
A u gust 1974
to
A u gu st 197 5

A u gu st 1975
to
A u gust 1976

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l , . - ____ ..
.
.
. . .
____
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _______________ __________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ________________________ _ _ _ _ - _
S killed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * ---- --------------- ------------U n skilled plant w o r k e r s * * _________________________

6.7
*
7.1
6.6
7.6

10.0
*
7.6
6.4
7.4

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
. ________
_________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _____ ___________________
In d u strial n u r s e s ___________________ _____ _________
S k illed m ain ten an ce tr a d e s * * ______________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s ** ....... ......... .......................

8.1
*
6.5
7.2
8.3

7.3
*
8.0
6.1
6.6

5.9
*
*
*
6.8

11.9
*
*
❖
8.0

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l group
(m en and w om en c o m b in e d )

'

N onm an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______________ ______________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g _____________ ____________
In d u stria l n u r s e s _____________________________________
S k illed m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s * * __________________
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s * * -------- ------------------------------

*
**

Data not a v a ila b le .
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fo r p e r io d s ending p r io r to

1976 r e la te to m en o n ly.

Footnotes
1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to these w e e k ly h ou rs .
2 The m ean is com p u ted fo r ea ch jo b by tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d ivid in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . Th e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
and h alf r e c e iv e l e s s than the rate show n.
The m id d le ran ge i s de fin e d by 2 r a te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fou rth e a r n m o r e than the h igh er rate.
3 E a rn in g s data r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x clu d e s p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts .




11




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r ­
v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l ­
le c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , a nd t e le p h o n e
in t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 84 * a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
2
1
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t io n a nd e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f ic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a r a te t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h
o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t if i c a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h is s t r a t if i e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p t im u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e th an s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s i s
s e le c t e d .
W hen d a ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s
a re g e n e ra te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f o n e ou t o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lt e r n a t e
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ilit y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f d a ta a r e n o t a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u it a b le s u b s titu te i s a v a ila b le , a d d it io n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th a t i s s i m i l a r to th e m i s s i n g u n it.
O c c u p a t io n s a n d e a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; a nd (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a t io n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
O ccu ­
p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s
o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s da ta f o llo w in g th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—Cocoa, F la.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie—
N.
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




13

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h da ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r
(2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
Sepa­
r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s d a ta a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w h en th e n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s n ot id e n t i fie d b y s e x i s -20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n
id e n t i fie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in d a ta f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a . s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n ot sh o w n o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n t o s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s da ta
e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
a nd in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k
(r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u la r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e r o u n d e d
t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in t a b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th an a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and th u s c o n t r ib u t e
d if f e r e n t l y to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld
n ot b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e t o d if f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s crip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the t r e n d j o b s in b o th
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a t c h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ) .
T h e d a ta a r e
a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in s u r v e y
s a m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c t o r s
o t h e r th a n w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at th e b o tt o m
o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n ) :

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n
and w o m e n ) :

C om p u ter sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitt e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and
w o m e n ):
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses
P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv:
as fo llo w s :

U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n and
w o m e n ):
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m

a re co m p u te d

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d
w o m e n ):

O rd e r c le r k s
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A an d B
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g -m a c h i n e
o p e r a to r s , c la s s B




T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d t o c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d
b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o o b ta in a
grou p a v e ra g e .

3.

T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he re s u lt—
e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 , p p . 5 2 -5 7 .

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and
w o m e n )— C on tin u e d

S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten ograp h ers, gen eral
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is ts , c la s s e s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

E a c h o c c u p a t io n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n it s p r o ­
p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in th e
base yea r.

2.
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
da tes.
W h en th e t i m e sp a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , a n n u a l
r a te s a r e sh ow n .
(It i s a s s u m e d th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la t io n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is b u lle t in . I n f o r ­
m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la t io n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1
3
2
T h e s e ta b u ­
la t io n s on m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle t in s f o r t h is a r e a .
1 Personal visits w ere on a 2 -y e a r c y c le before July 1972.

14

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Northeast Pennsylvania,1August 1976
In du stry d iv is io n 2

M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

WHOLESALE TRADE6 — ---------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE6 --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE6 -------------SERVICES67 -------------------------------------------- -----------------------

W ithin s c o p e o f study 4
W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

644

146

9 9 ,5 1 5

100

3 9 ,5 8 8

50
-

420
224

72
74

6 5 ,1 2 3
3 4 ,3 9 2

65
35

2 0 ,2 5 9
1 9 ,3 2 9

50
50
50
50
50

30
25
92
23
54

14
10
21
11
18

8 ,2 4 0
2 ,6 8 1
1 3 ,0 6 8
4 ,0 9 0
6 ,3 1 3

8
3
13
4
6

5 ,9 8 2
1 ,2 7 2
6* 33 i
2 ,9 0 6
2 ,8 3 8

ALL D I V I S I O N S ------------ ---------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------ -------- ------------ --------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
oth er PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s 5 ----------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts

N um ber o f es ta b lis h m e n ts

1 The N o rth e a st P e n n sy lv a n ia S tandard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and Budget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f
L a ck aw an n a, L u z e r n e , and M o n r o e C o u n tie s . The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e
and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e em p loy m en t
tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a r e ex c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tra d e,
fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i li t ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade fo r one
o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d es ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H ote ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




15




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t
it s f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is o n in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a re d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a nd h a n d ic a p p e d ,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e
and u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu sion s

a . R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.
in s t r u c t e d ;
d.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's
R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

a. P o s itio n s
c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in t m e n tss ca s b e d a b o v e ;
de ri

s u p e r v i s o r to

P e r fo r m s




b.

s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
accu ra cy;
f.

N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e - c h a r ­
a c te r is tic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e f in it io n a r e
as fo llo w s :

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

s io n a l,

w h ic h

do

not

m eet

th e

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a in e d in

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e
t e c h n i c a l , o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

"p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta r y con cep t

s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t ie s ;

a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o fe s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly
m o r e r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e th an t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;

B e g in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , th e B u r e a u h a s g r o u p e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to jo b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n ot b e e n t i t le d , h o w e v e r , s in c e d o in g s o m ig h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e le m e n t s to th e
j o b m a t c h in g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u h as a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t i t l e s .
w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

17

T he title s m o r e n e a r ly r e fle c t u su a l

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d

E x c l u s io n s — C o n tin u e d

C la s s C

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ic h
r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v i s o r y ,
d u tie s w h ic h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l
s ib ilit y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u n it n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e
o f t e n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f in it io n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; cm
f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o li c y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s id e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0
id e n t ify su ch p o s i t i o n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
person s.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u nit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f in it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th a n a b ou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; cm
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n on s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th an s e c r e t a r i e s a s
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPH ER

2 . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r th an the c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
th an 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d ic t a t io n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M ay o p e ra te fro m a ste n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l .
M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
d u ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p is t ) .
NOTE:
T h is j o b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th a t a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y [ta sk s a s
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e f in it io n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an th e c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th an 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . )
a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th at
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th an 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o ft e n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th at
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e ra l

keep

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y th an s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e
f o llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u ch a s m a in ta in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; and a n s w e r in g
r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
oh s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n in
s h o rth a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a s in g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u ll
te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g r o u tin e w o r k
a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n
s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t h as
v a r i e d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d il y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n
p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r i n t e r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s , and c o n s e ­
q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e
fo r c a lls .)

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h a s
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g
in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ;
T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in fin a l f o r m w h e n it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
rou gh o r c le a r
o r s e ttin g up
a lr e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
s im p le s ta n d a rd ta b u la t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g
sy ste m .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le
(s u b je c t ' m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s req u ested ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e filin g o f m a t e r i a l th at h a s a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d il y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l ou t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
M ESSEN GER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u ch a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s ig n ific a n t d u ty .




C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h ­
b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g , o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y h an d le
r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d t e le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e .
( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s i f th e
fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e l e ­
p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g
e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s
a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o n o t in c lu d e s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
p h o n e c o m p a n ie s w h o a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a l l s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r
m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k
m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at s w it c h b o a r d .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l ,
ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t lis t in g th e it e m s t o
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n tit ie s o f it e m s o n o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th at th e y
h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u ch a s p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , b u t i s n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .
P o s itio n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

M A C H IN E B IL L E R -

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n t in g
a c t io n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y on e o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a l ly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W ork s fro m
u n if o r m
and s ta n d a r d t y p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u ch a s p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n t i fic a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y h an d .

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot
in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c .
M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g
d e p a rtm e n t.

o n tin u e d

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
d a ta on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u tie s in v o lv e :
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s
b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w in g in fo r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t io n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a
c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PERA TO R
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d / o r
n u m e r ic d a ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on t a p e .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k .
M ay
t r a in in e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o r k is r o u tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s - s t a n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th an an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :

B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a t io n
ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o l v e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d b y
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and i s o fte n d o n e o n a f a n fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u ch a s th e t a b u la t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , e t c .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t.
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v is i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ---- C o n tin u e d

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s lim it e d to s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

th e ta b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s u s e d by
c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n der s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e b u t r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su ch a s

C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u ch a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
pu nch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f ilin g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p l e t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u t o m a t e d an d id e n t i fie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d t o a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t an d f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly t h is i n v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and d a ta f lo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; an d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l l o w s :
C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e f o llo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re co m m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c t io n a l
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d ir e c tio n

to

lo w e r

le v e l sy s te m s

a n a ly s t s

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th a t a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op era te.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s an d th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,




21

BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C .
W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a .h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d b y
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d
t o s o lv e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f d a ta to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d f lo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ;
t e s t s a nd c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
program
d e v e lo p m e n t a nd r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b oth
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is an d p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s
i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s i n s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c j a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p r o g ra m .

F or

w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p rog ra m m ers are

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify
th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e t w e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s a s
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s tm e n t s to d a ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v id e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r xinder o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s a nd l is t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
in p u t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d ' in p r i o r a c t i o n s so th a t th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e
d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f ic u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
a nd c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o
r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
an d w o r k i s r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
procedu res.




F or

w age

stu d y

pu rposes,

com p u ter

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n t im e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i fic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit t le o r n o t e s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r ch a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
s ta n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
op erator

C la s s C .
W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly h as
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s ig n if ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ft in g
p re ce d e n ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e o n th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m
o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r
le v e l d r a fte r s .

22

DR A F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p l e x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u se d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n tit ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch s ta n d a rd e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s (d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o l id a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e

b a s is o f th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g o n e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u ch p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s it y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u ch
t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s ig n a l f lo w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a c i n g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R

W o r k is

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a l iz e d i t e m s .
c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b l e m s [ i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; an d ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is n ot lim it e d
t o , th e f o llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ) , (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o lli n g
e q u ip m e n t.




C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e t a s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch
ta sk s a s :
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g su ch a c t i v i t i e s a s
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e in t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m
tr a in in g )
s o that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n c e to h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R IA L N U R SE

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE ---- C o n tin u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r

o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n i n s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c t io n s su ch a s th e i n s t a l ­
la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t s u ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t ; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and
m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h i c l e s )

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c i n g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p in g and fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g the. m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a nd e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e tt in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h i n e s .

24

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t ­
m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s a nd lig h t s , o r tig h t e n in g b o d y
b o-lts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h i c l e s ) — C o n tin u e d

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s .

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s ,
s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s ; e n g in e la t h e s ; o r m i llin g
m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s ,
o r d ie s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g
d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; s e le c t in g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n t o a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r
d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , to
d r e s s t o o l s , and t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and c u ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m )
in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a re e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a l l a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , a nd a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , and d is m a n t le s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s a nd r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k
th e h e lp e r i s p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s h e i s p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e th a t a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll-t im e b a s is .




T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s
o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W ork
in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to
m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u ­
m e n t s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a l l o y s ;
s e tt in g up a nd o p e r a t in g o f m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s ,
and t o o l in g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t io n a s
w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s and d i e s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s
and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p a nd t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in
t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s a nd m a in t a in s a nd ’m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u ch a s
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
an d r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a nd b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a l s o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an o n e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r
stea m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R

W A R E H O U S E M A N — C o n tin u e d

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s s u ch a s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k i n g ord er.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
a re e x c lu d e d .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u t ie s .

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d on th e b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r IV 2 t o n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k (lV e to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t upon
th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .
P ack ers
w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k
in v o lv e s :
A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f ile o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
sto ra g e
lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

as fo llo w s :

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

W AREHOUSEM AN
P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r if y in g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g
s to re d m a t e r ia ls
and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .




O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

tru ck ,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s ang c l a s s i f i e d
as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r th a n f o r k lif t )

26

b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

G u ard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s ta t ie n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

C le a n s a nd k e e p s in am o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
an d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
a nd cle a m in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o rk e rs w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tc h m a n .
M akes rou nd s o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .




p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

27

Available On Request—
fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u s e in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct
a v a ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N* M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , S tand ish, and T a w as C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity, N .J.
A u gu sta, Ga.—S.C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u ge , La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r th u i^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho .
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y.
C ape C o d , M a s s .
C e d a r R a p id s , Iowa
Ch am paign—U rbana— antoul, 111.
R
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h a rlo tte — a sto n ia , N .C .
G
C h e ye n n e , W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .-K y .
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e ca tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
S
El P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
Eugene—S p r in g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e tt e v ille , N.C.
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rsto w n , M d.— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a.
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island—H a stin gs, N ebr.
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r ris b u r g —L eb anon, Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. Va.— y.— hio
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T enn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L as V e g a s , Nev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , O hio
L ittle R ock —N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rvey r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich , w h ile su p p lies

la s t ,

a r e o r w ill be

L o g a n sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a.—D el.
L yn ch b u rg, Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich . .
M cA lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls —G ra nts P a s s , O re g .
K
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a sh v ille —D a v id so n , Tenn.
New B ern—J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ich , C onn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xnard—S im i V a lley—V en tu ra , C a lif.
P a nam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r sbu rg—M a rie tta , W. V a.— hio
O
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P ine B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H.—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich lan d — en n ew ick —W alla W alla—
K
P e n d le to n , W ash.— re g .
O
R iv e r side—San B e r n a rd in o — n ta rio, C a lif.
O
Salina, K ans.
S alinas— e a sid e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a r a —
Santa M aria—L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an— e n is o n , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .— on n.
C
C
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —N apa, C a lif.
F
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te rlo o —C e d a r F a ll s , Iow a
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gton , D e l.—N .J.—M d.

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as B L S B u lle tin 1891, N ational S u rvey o f P r o f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 197 5. $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l sa le s
o f fi c e s shown on the b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p erintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.







Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w age stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d stu d ies c on d u cted at the req u est of the
E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the U.S. D epartm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t. B u lle tin s m ay be p u r c h a s e d fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown
on the b a ck c o v e r o r f r o m the Superintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts , U .S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ff ic e , W ash in gton , D .C . 20402
A rea
A k ro n , O h io, D e c . 1975______________________________________________
A lb a n y -S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975*_____________________
A n ah eim —
Santa A n a -G a r d e n G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 19 7 5 1___________
A tlanta, G a., M ay 1976_____________________________________________
A u stin , T e x ., D e c . 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d., A u g. 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________
B illin g s , M on t., J u ly 1976___________________________________________
Bingh am ton , N .Y ,— a ., J u ly 1975 __________________________________
P
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1976*_____________________________________
B o sto n , M a s s ., A u g. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 *___________________________________________
Canton, O h io, M ay 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1976______________________________________________
C in cin n ati, O hio— y.—Ind., M a r . 197 6_______________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 197 5____________________ ____________________
C o lu m b u s, O h io, O c t . 1 9 7 5 '________________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is ti,' T e x ., J u ly 1976_____________ :______________________
D a lla s - F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 97 51 ______________________________
D a v e n p o r t -R o c k Island— o lin e , I o w a -I ll., F e b . 1976____________
M
D ayton, O h io, D e c . 1975____________________________ _________________
D aytona B e a ch , F la ., A u g. 1975_____________________________________
D en ver—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 197 5 _________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1__________________________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — ollyw ood and W est P a lm B ea ch—
H
B o c a R a ton , F la ., A p r . 197 6______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 19 7 6 ___________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975________________________________________
G re e n B ay, W is ., J u ly 1976’ __________________i ________ r____________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m —
W
High P o in t, N .C ;, A u g. 197 5_______
G r e e n v ille — p artan burg, S .C ., June 1976 1_______________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r . 197 6 _________________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1976____________________________________________
H u n tsville, A la ., F e b . 1976 _________________________________________
In d ian ap olis, Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * ______________________________________
J a c k s o n , M is s ., F e b . 1976___________________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1975_______________________________________
K an sas C ity, M o ^ -K a n s., Sept. 1975_______________________________
L e x in g to n -F a y e tte , K y ., N o v. 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 _____________________
L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N o v. 1 97 5_____________________________________
M e lb o u rn e — it u s v ille — o c o a , F la ., A u g. 197 5____ _________________
T
C
M e m p h is , Tenn.— r k ,— is s ., N o v . 1975___________________________
A
M

* Prices are determ in ed by the G overnm ent Printing O ffice and are su bject to change.
* Data on establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.

B u lle tin n um ber
and p r i c e *
1 8 5 0 -8 0 , 45 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -6 3 , •$ 1.20
1 8 5 0 -7 5 , 85 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 0 , 85 c e n ts .
1 8 5 0 -8 3 , 75 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -6 2 , $ 1 .3 0
1 9 0 0 -3 9 , 55 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -1 1 , 95 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .5 0
1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 ce n ts
1 9 0 0 -2 8 , 5S ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 2 , $1.05
1 9 0 0 -7 , 75 cents
1 8 5 0 -6 4 , $ 1 .3 0
1 8 5 0 -7 8 , 95 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -4 1 , 55 cents
1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
1 9 0 0 -2 5 , 55 cen ts
185 0 -7 3 , 45 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -8 2 , 75 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -1 5 , $ 1 .2 5
1 9 0 0 -2 0 ,
190 0-2 9,
1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
190 0 -3 7 ,
1 8 5 0 -4 9 ,
19 0 0 -3 6 ,
190 0 -1 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 7 ,
185 0 -6 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -8 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
185 0 -8 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,

55 cen ts
55 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 cen ts
65 ce n ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 ce n ts
95 cents
55 cen ts
45 cen ts
80 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
65 cen ts
45 cen ts

A rea
.
____
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975_________________________________
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 19 7 6 ________________________________________
M in n e a p o lis—
St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan . 1976_____________________
N a s s a u -S u ffo ik , N .Y ., June 1976___________________________________
N ew ark , N .J ., Jan. 197 6____________________________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan . 197 6_______________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ^ N .J ., M ay 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________
N o r fo lk -V ir g in ia B e a ch — o r ts m o u th , V a .— .C ., M ay 1 9 7 6 1_____
P
N
N o rfo lk — ir g in ia B ea ch — o r ts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s—
V
P
H am pton, V a .— .C ., M ay 1 9 7 6 1 __________________________________
N
N o rth e a st P e n n sy lv a n ia , A u g .| l9 7 6 ________________________________
O k la h om a C ity, O k la ., A u g. 1976__________________ __ _____________
O m aha, N e b r ,-I o w a , O ct. 1975_____________________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i ft o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1976_______________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ^ N .J ., N ov. 197 5______________________________ ___
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan . 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________
P o r tla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1975_________________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g ,— a sh ., M ay 197 5_________________________________
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie -K in g s to n -N e w b u r g h , N .Y ., June 1 97 5*____________
P r o v id e n c e -W a r w ic k —P aw tu cket, R .1 ,-M a s s ., June 1976________
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 197 6 _________________________________
D
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1976___________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o ,—
111., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ____________________________________
S a cra m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 197 5______________________________________
Saginaw , M ic h ., N ov. 1 97 5__________________________________________
Salt L a ke City— gden, Utah, N ov. 19 7 5 1___________________ _______
O
San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 197 6_______________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1975__.______________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 1 9 7 6 „ ______________________
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1976_________________________________________
S e a tt le -E v e r e t t, W a sh ., Jan. 1 97 6_________________________________
South B en d, Ind., M a r . 197 6________________________________________
S ta m fo rd , C o n n ., M ay 197 6*________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975___________________________________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M ay 1976______________________________________
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 1____________________________________ ______
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 *______________________________________
W ashington, D .C r -M d r -V a ., M a r. 1976_____________________________
W e s t c h e s te r C ounty, N .Y ., M ay 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1976___________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1 97 6______________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F.eb. 197 6________________________________________________

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *
185 0-7 6,
1 90 0-2 2,
1 90 0-3 ,
190 0 -3 5 ,
1 90 0-1 0,
1 90 0-2 ,
185 0-4 5,
1 9 0 0 -2 7 ,

95 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$ 1 .1 0
85 cents

1 9 0 0 -3 3 , 85 cents
190 0-4 3, 65 cen ts
190 0-4 2, 55 cents
185 0-5 6, $ 1.10
190 0-3 8, 55 cents
185 0-6 5, 85 cents
19 0 0 -1 , $ 1 .1 5
185 0-7 2, 45 cents
1 85 0-4 0, 75 cents
1 85 0-7 0, 65 cents
1 85 0-6 8, 75 cents
1 9 0 0 -3 1 , 75 cents
19 0 0 -1 8 , 55 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 4 , 65 cen ts
1 90 0-1 9, $ 1 .2 5
185 0 -8 7 , 45 cents
185 0 -7 1 , 35 cents
18 5 0 -7 4 , 75 cen ts
1 90 0-2 3, 65 cents
1 85 0-7 7, 45 cents
190 0-9 , 95 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -1 3 , 75 cen ts
190 0-6 , 65 cen ts
190 0-5 , 55 cents
190 0-4 0, 85 cen ts
185 0 -4 3 , 65 cen ts
190 0 -2 4 , 55 cen ts
185 0 -6 0 , $ 1 .2 0
1 8 5 0 -4 8 , 80 cents
1 90 0-1 2, 85 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,,8 0 cents
19 0 0 -2 1 , 55 cen ts
1 90 0-1 6, 55 cents
1 90 0-4 , 55 cen ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $30 0

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
R e g io n I

R e g io n II

R e g io n I I I

R e g io n IV

1 6 0 3 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e r n m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7 )

S u ite 3 4 0 0
1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

3 5 3 5 M a rk e t S tre e t,
P .O . B o x 1 3 3 0 9
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )

S u ite 5 4 0
1371 P e a c h tre e S t., N .E .
A t la n ta , G a . 3 0 3 0 9
P h o n e : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C o d e 4 0 4 )

C o n n e c t ic u t
M a in e
M a s s a c h u s e tts
N e w H a m p s h ir e
R h o d e I s la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w J e rs e y
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto FHco
V ir g in Is la n d s

D e la w a re
D is t r ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V ir g in ia
W e s t V ir g in ia

A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e o r g ia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N o rth C a r o lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
Tennessee

R e g io n V
9 th F lo o r, 2 3 0 S . D e a rb o rn S t.
C h ic a g o , I II. 6 0 6 0 4
P h o n e : 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
I lli n o i s
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W is c o n s in




.R e g io n V I

R e g io n s V I I a n d V I I I

R e g io n s IX a n d X

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r iff in S q u a re B u ild in g
D a lla s , T e x. 7 5 2 0 2
P h o n e : 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F e d e ra l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t., 1 5 th F lo o r
K a n s a s C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o d e 8 1 6 )

4 5 0 G o ld e n G a t e A v e .
B ox 36017
S a n F ra n c is c o , C a lif . 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 4 1 5 )

A rk a n s a s
L o u is ia n a
N e w M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u r i
N e b ra s k a

A r iz o n a
C a lif o r n ia
H a w a ii
N evada

V III
C o lo r a d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

A la s k a
Id a h o
O re g o n
W a s h in g to n