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Area Wage Survey

>uc U - H

The Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Virginia, Metropolitan Areas
January 1970
l l M

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -5 9




YORK

^ ^H T H o m p to n
Newport News W ^
N o rfo lk

Virginia Beach

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU

O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

F

5*

\

7

-

Puerto Rico
Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

 Regions VII and VIII will be serviced By Kansas City.
*
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area Wage Survey
The Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Virginia, Metropolitan Areas




Ja n u a r y

1970

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -5 9
June 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




P r e fa c e

Con ten ts
Page

The B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d a ta by s e l e c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n fo r e ac h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into ( 1 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b les:
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d

2.

A t t h e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The first
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d into
one b u lletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo rm a tio n w hich h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -------------------------------

A.

B.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . , in
P
H
J a n u a r y 1970. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s ,
a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y
1968, c o n sist of C h e sa p e a k e , H am pton, N ew p ort N e w s,
N o r f o l k , P o r t s m o u t h , an d V i r g i n i a B e a c h C i t i e s ; a n d Y o r k
C o u n t y . T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of
Irw in L . F e i g e n b a u m , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r fo r
O p eratio n s.




5

O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s - m e n a n d w o m e n ________________________
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _____________
m
A - 3.
O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tran c e s a l a r i e s for w om en office
w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _____________________
B - 7 . M ethod of w age d e te r m in a tio n an d fre q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t ______________________________________________________

A p pendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b ack c o v e r .)

a r e a v a ila b le for other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the N o r f o l k a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l lie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

6
7
9
10
11
12

14
15
16
17
18
21
22
23




Area Wage Survey---The Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va., Metropolitan Areas
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
se rv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ie s a re
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ied to W arrant in clu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d fo r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b li­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly sch edule
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w ee k ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle ct com p o site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
Th e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e given t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o se below the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of the
fo llow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
of th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of the s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r
actually su rv ey ed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

an d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e to p l a n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U .S. Dea s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2

w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in clu de w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or re la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d the p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m an d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at th e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la t e - sh ift h o u rs a r e p aid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed u led
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p l a n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
S u m s of i n d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ay s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The f ir s t

p a r t of the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o l i d a y s to sh o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y of v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s not i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
oth er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a l e n t of 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
t h o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyon d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . Su ch p la n s in clu d e th o s e u n d e r w r it te n by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y an d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
for this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if th e m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
How­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l it y i n s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n ly if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of th e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n of w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An' establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s th o se p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
su rg ic a l p lan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u c h p l a n s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r i t t e n by c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
this p u r p o se .
T a b u l a t i o n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
c e n t i v e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be paid ab o v e o r b elow the s in g le ra te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s of the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the lo w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n der a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h unit of o u tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n of a j o b in l e s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n of a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e r c e n ta g e .
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

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frequency

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paym ent

also

are

provided

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4

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in N o r f o lk — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s— a m p to n , V a . , 1
P
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b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 J a n u a r y 1970
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

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in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
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W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

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A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5-------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e -------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------S e r v i c e s 8-----------------------------------------------------

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1 T h e N o r f o lk — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p to n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t o f C h e s a p e a k e , H a m p to n ,
P
H
N e w p o r t N e w s , N o r fo lk , P o r t s m o u t h , a n d V i r g i n i a B e a c h c i t i e s ; a n d Y o r k C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a
to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n . A ll o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e
o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to
p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a toi, m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2) th e s a m p
n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A b o u t o n e - h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e !N o r f o lk r - P o r ts m o u t h
a n d N e w p o r t N e w s— a m p to n a r e a s w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
H
T h e fo llo w in g
p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r in g :
In d u str y g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _____ 63
7
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s -----A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r t e x t il e
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- 4
- C h e m ic a ls a n d a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- 4
L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c t s ------ 4
P r in t in g a n d p u b li s h in g ------------ 4

S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g an d
r e p a i r i n g ------------------------------- 59
M o to r v e h i c l e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ------------------------------ 4
A g r i c u l t u r a l c h e m i c a l s -----------3
N e w s p a p e r s ------------------------------ 3

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for

Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d i n t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the d a t e o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e ar n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

Method of Computing
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that ev e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in -a n a r e a g a v e w ag e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y C o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d by div id in g the a g g r e g a t e fo r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
class B
Clerks, payroll
Tool and die makers
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2.

In d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W eek ly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s fo r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s
in N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1970 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 8 ,
P
H
and P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e fo r S e le c te d P e r io d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s

Item and p e r io d

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
( m e n an d
women)

M an u factu rin g

S k illed
m a in te n a n ce
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In d u strial
n urses
(m e n and
women)

S k ille d
m a in ten a n ce
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plan t
w orkers
(m e n )

In d exes (Jun e 1967=100)
J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 8 ___________________________________

112. 6
105. 9

(J)
( )

1 18. 2
106. 5

116. 1
105. 9

(*)
(l)

(I )
(*)

117. 3
104. 6

(I )
( )

l 1)
( )

132. 0
112. 5

( )
( )
( )

(J>
( )

(
(
(
(

In d exes (Jun e 1961=100)
J a n u a r y 197 0 ______________________________
J u n e 1 9 6 7 ___________________________________

137. 9
122. 4

(*)
( )

139. 5
118. 0

134. 1
115. 5

(*)
( )

P e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e
Ju n e
Ju n e
Ju n e
Ju n e
Ju n e
Ju n e
Ju n e
Ju n e

1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

J a n u a r y 1970 ______________
J u n e 1 9 6 8 ___________________
J u n e 1967 ___________________
J u n e 1 9 6 6 ___________________
J u n e 1 9 6 5 ___________________
J u n e 1 9 6 4 ___________________
J u n e 1 9 6 3 ___________________
J u n e 196 2 ___________________

6. 3
5. 9
4. 5
1.9
2. 6
3. 5
3. 4
4. 7

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
(*)

11. 1
6. 5
2 . 9
2 . 0

.

9

2 . 5
5 . 2
3 . 2

9.
5.
2.
1.
4.
2.
.
3.

6
9
7
1
2
5
6
5

( )
( )
( )
(M
(!)
()
()
(*)

(')
n

()
()
()

(!}
( )
()
(M

r
1 D a ta do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




)
)
)
)

N O T E : P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r th e N o r f o l k r - P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n a r e a s
H
u s e d J u n e 1961 a s the b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to th e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v i d i n g t h e m
b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n d e x n u m b e r s f o r J u n e 1967 on t h e J u n e 1961 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in the t a b l e .
(T h e r e s u l t sh o u ld b e m u lt ip lie d by 100.)

12.
4.
1.
.
3.
2.
3.
1.

1
6
2
5
5
2
6
0

7

A.

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n ,
N o rfo lk — o rtsm o u th and N ew p ort N ew s— am pton , V a ., J a n u a r y 1970)
P
H
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

um ber
of
orkere

A verage
w eekly
hours 1
(standard)

t
U nder
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle ran g e 2

t

60

t

60

65
$
$
$
$
146.00 150.50 1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
149.50 151.50 13 8 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
138.50 147.50 1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

84
57
27

39.5
39.0
40.0

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

70
41
29

39.5
39.5
40.0

81.00
88.50
70.00

73.00
88.00
72.00

6 8 .0 0 - 91.00
6 8 .5 0 - 97.50
6 4 .0 0 - 74.00

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BIL LING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

38
37

40.0
40.0

81.00
80.00

79.00
78.50

7 4 .507 4 .50-

84.50
84.00

BI L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) — ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

61
51

38.5
38.5

74.50
71.00

71.50
65.00

63 .0 0 6 2 .50-

89.50
75.00

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

98
87

38.5
38.5

75.50
73.50

76.50
75.50

6 7 .0066.50-

83.00
81.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

13 3
62
71

39.5
39.0
40.0

117.00
125.00
110.50

t

95

100

10 5

1 10

115

1 20

125

130

135

-

70

-

-

-

11
2
9

105

110

115

120

12 5

2
2
-

-

-

95100

75

12
12

130

135

140

150
—

and

15 0

160

170 o v e r

10
7
3

70

1 40
—

65

an d
under

23
14
9

20
3
17

W EN
OM

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

~

“

_
”

_

11
11

27
27

_

12
12

16
16

23
23

4
4

114.50 1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
124.00 10 4 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
111.50 1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

-

_
-

_
21
5
16

61
21
40

57
54

48
46

34
27

2
2

-

-

-

21
20

_
-

17
17

19
17

6
2
4

6
1
5
41
18
23

28
9
19

12
4
8

20

28
9
19

14
14

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

406
120
286

39.0
38.0
39.5

83.50
88.00
81.50

82.00
85.50
81.00

7 5 .0 0 - 91.00
76.50- 95.00
7 5 .0 0 - 88.50

_
-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

34 5
13 4

39.5
39.5

82.50
67.00

87.50
66.50

68.006 3 .00-

3

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

100
38
62

39.5
39.5
39.5

92.00
93.50
91.00

92.50
98.00
91.00

85.50-103.00
88.00-104.00
85 .0 0 - 99.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

101
71

40.0
40.0

99.00
89.50

94.00
90.50

83.50-117.50
8 1 .0 0 - 97.00

_

-

_

8
8

16
16

17
14

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

158
33
125

40.0
40.0
40.0

82.50
88.50
81.00

82.00
84.00
81.50

7 6 .0 0 - 91.00
73 .0 0 - 98.50
7 6 .5 0 - 90.00

_
-

_
-

14
5
9

19
6
13

46
B
38

29
2
27

SECRETARIES4-----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5-------------

52 3
165
35 8
37

39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5

106.50 102.00
9 0 .00-123.00
123.00 127.00 102.0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
99.00
96.00
86.50 -1 1 0 .5 0
121.50 122.00 1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

-

_
-

2
2
-

9
9
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------

34

38.5

122.00

119.00 1 0 4 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

124
47
77

39.5
39.0
40.0

115.50 114.50
9 7 .50-137.50
134.50 140.00 1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
104.00 1 0 2.50
9 0 .50-115.00

“

-

_
-

_
-

3
17

S e e fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le .




94.00
70.00

-

15
59

16
3
13

75
18
57

63
8
55

50
14

33
1

71
10
61
2

41
7
34

44
12
32
2

14
1
13

13
2
11

27
3
24

30
9
21
4

14
8

35
25
10
8

18
14

12
10
2

15
13
2

160

12
9
3

170

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u stry d iv isio n ,
N o rfo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s— am pton , V a ., J a n u a r y 1970)
P
H
^^ ^W eeklyearn in g^ ^^
(standard)

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m ber of w o rk e rs
$

Average
weekly
(standard)

Mean*

Median2

$

60
U nder
t
an d
60
under

Middle range2

$

t
65

70

75

80

85

re c e iv in g

st r a i g h

*
90

- t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—

95

100

105

110

115

1

$

»

*

120

125

130

140

$

S

t

t
135

150

160

170
and
over

65

WOMEN

SECRETARIES4 -

-

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

~
-

-

3

12
-

14
3

8
7

-

10
4

1
-

-

-

3

12

11

7

8
1
7

16
13

24

1

-

6

1

-

-

*

-

-

1

-

-

22
3
19
7

12

12

38
1
37

7

-

12
-

24

-

-

3

7

1

-

5

1

-

-

2
-

9
-

6

10
3
7

6
3
3

1
-

4

3
3

-

_

-

-

1

1

“

5
3
2

-

5
5

14
6
8

5
4

9

25
9
16

10

2

23
9
14

6
6

15
6
9
3

22
8
14
1

42
29
13

21
10

19
18

5
4

10
9

-

1

i
i

i

4
2
2

2
2

11

-

16
-

3
-

12
9

10
7

4

2

i

16

3

3

3

3

8

6

4

-

2

CONTINUED

U T I L I T I E S 5-----------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O NM AN U F ACT U R IN G

----------------------------------

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5----------------------------STENOGRAPHERS,

75

CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------PU B LIC

70

SE N IO R

--------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

SW IT C H BO A RD

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

S W I T C H BO AR D

OPERATORSt

CLASS

8

SW IT C H BO A RD

O P E R A TO R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

$
$
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

$
1 05.00
124.0 0
1 0 1.0 0
1 2 1.5 0

$
1 0 2.0 0
1 2 8.5 0
9 8 .0 0
1 2 1.5 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 7.5 0

9 2 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

1 0 2.0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
119.5 0

9 3 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
1 3 4.5 0

187
32
155
25

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

173
70
103
231
113
118
32
75
37
38

3 9 .0

1 0 6.5 0

3 8 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4.5 0
9 8 .5 0

9 1 .0 0

8
8
8
8

2
4
1
4

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1

0 1.5 0
0 2.5 0
9 9 .0 0
4 2.5 0

9 4 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

9 3 .5 0

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

*

29

3 8 .5

9 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
O U ' UU

*■* ^

4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0

7 8 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

8 7 .5 0

----------------------------------

113
34
79

4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0

7 8 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 -

109
68

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0

325

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

8 1 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 -

19
9

44
9

10
2

35
4

_

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

“

8 7 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

31

-

8 8 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 2.5 0
1 1 5.0 0

111

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

~

3
3

38
7

-

-

__

. 3

25
14
11

10

12

23

3

4

10

8

16

3

3

8
7

2
2

10
10

17
6

6
6

22
20

-

12

3

4

-

6
-

1
1

6
6

*

-

12
11
1

-

“

15

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
“

“

4
4

-

-

1
2

3
2
1

3
3

1
1

”

”

-

i

1

2

-

-

1

-

-

i

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

_

1
1

11
6
5

-

3

3

-

8

1
-

23

3
“

18

21
3

20

-

-

20
11

6

-

4

*

6

11

3

1
5
1

2
2

_
*

*

-

“

-

“

_

-

_

_
“

-

42

8 9 .0 0
25

41

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rkw eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e rtim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w eek ly h o u rs.
2 The m e an i s co m p u ted fo r e a ch jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and div id in g by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s . The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o sitio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le e s th an the r a te show n. The m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of pay ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o re than
the h ig h e r r a t e .
* W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s : 2 a t $ 1 7 0 to $ 1 8 0 ; 2 a t $ 1 8 0 to $ 1 9 0 ; and 4 a t $ 1 9 0 to $ 2 0 0 .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e se n te d s e p a r a te ly .
5 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p to n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1970)
P
H
W eekly e a r n in g ^ ^ ^ ™
(standard)

Occu pat ion and in d u s tr y d iv i si o n

Num ber
of
work ere

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e wee kl y e a rn in g s of—
$

A verage
w eekly
(standard)

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle r an g e 2

90
and
under
95

$
31

$

$

s

$

$

$

t

$

$

*

$

»

$

$

»

*

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13 0

135

140

145

150

155

160

10 0

105

110

115

12 0

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

*

$

$

$

$

170

180

190

200

210

180

190

2 00

210

220

t

220

2 30

$

151.00 167 .0 0 1 1 8 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

6

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
41
27

40.0
40.0

175.00 170.00 1 5 2 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0
183.50 191.50 1 5 3 .5 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fi n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b le A - l .




r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e

10
2

sa la rie s

( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m

1

1

r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time we ek ly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division,
Norfolk— P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s — H a m p t o n , Va. , Ja nu ar y 1970)
A verage

Ave ra ge

O ccu pation and in d u stry division

N um ber
of
w orkers

W e e kly
W e e k ly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OF F IC E OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

O ccupation and in dustry division

O FF IC E OCCUPATIONS 38
37

4 0.0
4 0 .0

N um be r
of
workers

W ee kly
hours 1
(standard)

W e e kly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$
81.00
80.00

94
44
50

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.0

$
79.50
8 7 .50
7 2 .50

S E C R E T A R I E S 2--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

524
165
359
38

3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0.0
3 9.5

107.00
123.00
9 9.50
1 2 2.50

61
51

38 .5
38 .5

74.50
7 1 .00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL ASS B -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

98
87

3 8.5
3 8.5

7 5 .50
73.50

217
119
98

3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0.0

128.50
136.50
118.00

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL ASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

442
153
289

3 9.0
3 8.0
3 9.5

85 .0 0
9 1.00
8 1 .50

C L E R K S , F I L E , CLA SS C ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

348
137

3 9.5
3 9.5

82.50
6 7.00

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

10 1
39
62

39.5
39 .5
39.5

9 2 .00
9 4 .00
9 1 .00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS A -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

10 1
71

4 0.0
4 0.0

9 9 .00
89.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

1 58
33
125

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

82.50
88 .5 0
81.00

-

W e e kly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CL AS S A -------

29

3 8.5

99.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLA SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

111
84

39.5
3 9.5

8 1 .50
80.00

SWITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR -R EC E PT IO N IST SMANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

114
34
80

4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0

79.50
81.00
79.00

TYPISTS,

CL ASS A ------------------ —

34

3 8.5

122.00

-------------------------------------------

112
71

3 9.0
3 9.0

96.00
93.00

S E C R E T A R IE S , CL ASS B ------------------ —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

124
47
77

3 9.5
39 .0
4 0 .0

115.50
134.50
104.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

325
250

3 9.5
3 9.5

80.00
7 8.00

S E C R E T A R IE S , CL AS S C ------------------ —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

188
32
156
26

4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
39 .5

105.50
124.00
101.50
123.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

S E C R E T A R IE S , CL AS S D -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------ —

173
70
103

39 .5
38 .5
4 0.0

9 7 .50
107.50
90.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

41
32

4 0.0
4 0.0

143.00
149.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------ —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------ —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

235
113
122
36

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.5

95.00
9 3.00
97.00
122.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

34
26

4 0.0
4 0.0

9 8.50
9 3.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , CL AS S B ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

3 9.0
3 8.0
4 0 .0

58
36

4 0.0
4 0.0

75
37
38

106.50
1 1 4.50
98.50

167.50
175.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , CL ASS C ----------------------------------------------

25

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS A

----------------------------------------------------

nonmanufacturing

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for wh ic h em p l o y e e s receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates),
co rr es po nd to these we ek ly hours.
2 M a y include w o r k e r s other than those presented separately.
3 Transportation, co mm unication, and other public utilities.




W e e kly
hours 1
(standard)

O
o

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

O ccupation and in d ustry d iv ision

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS

O F F I C E BOYS AND G I R L S ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

A verage
N um be r
of
workers

113.50

and the earnings

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

i

$

$

*

$

t

t

t

$

t

$

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .50

3 .60

3 .80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

2 .4 0

2.50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

-

3

1

2

12

6

35

7

19

-

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .1 0

2 .20

2 .30

MAINTENANCE ----------------------

-

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

$

$

3 .57
3 .50

3 .56
3 .5 3

3 .4 5 3 .4 0-

3 .81
3.5 7

~

222
168

3 .9 3
3 .9 6

3 .85
3 .86

3 .5 9 3 .7 2 3 .5 4 -

4 .2 2
4 .2 3
4 .1 5

-

2

~
1

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

3 .U 1

3,3V

3.3*

*•3 L

3 .51

3 .62

3 .1 5 -

3 .68

-

-

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BO ILE R -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

56
56

2 .4 9
2.49

2 .2 4
2 .2 4

1 .9 8 1 .9 8 -

2 .63
2 .63

18
18

-

2
2

102

3.72

3.60

3 .5 2 -

3,

3 * 13

3.3L

3.66
3 .2 3
3 .74
3 .74

3 .0 8 2 .5 5 3 .2 3 3 .2 9 -

3 .78
3 .61
3 .7 9
3 .79

“

“

3 .7 0
3 .67

3 .4 1 2 .7 6 -

3 .89
3 .86

-

-

4
4

_

1
1

3 .87
.OV

3 .46
3 .17
3 .61
3 .6 3

-

MAINTENANCE ---------------------

'3

3

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

208
71
137
12 1

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

124
94

3 .52
3 .41

3D

3.VH

40

3 66

. , . . T r- „

1
2
3
4

. . . . . . -r r- . . . .

3

-

1
1

1
1

over

Z <L

10
10

33
9

19
17

69
61
8
8

19
15

1
A

19
6
13
13

8
8

2

32 9
29

5
5

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

2

-

-

-

13

i

-

-

4

1
1

-

-

-

5
5

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

*

1
1

-

-

5
5

8
8
-

-

21
21

_

-

-

1

12

17

2

2
2

5
1
4
2

18
4
14
14

10
2
8

14
3
11
11

11
10
1
1

-

_
~

-

4
4

-

6
5
1
1

~

-

12
12

“

7
6
i
i

5
4
1
1

3
1
2
2

-

6
6

3
3

~

5
5

“

5
5

_

-

8

2

Q

$5

to

$ 5 .2 0 .

5

3
3

13
13

-

3
2
1
1

72
9
63
63

12
1
11
9

13
13
9

16
11

3
~

14
10

42
32

9
9

D
3 06

36

11

3,3V

3 59

-

24

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ifts .
F o r defin ition o f t e r m s , s e e footn ote 2, tab le A - l .
W o rk ers w e re d istrib u ted a s fo llo w s:
1 a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 ; 3 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 ; a n d 25 a t
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s.




-

2
2

i

1

-

C

31

MA C HI NI ST S,

4 .6 0

$

91
61

50
STATIONARY

$

and

------------------------------

E N G IN EE RS ,

S

and
under

$

CARPENTERS,

t

o

t

2 .4 0

1 .9 0
M ean 2

$

o

$

t

*

*

$

2 .0 0

N um ber
of
workers

re c eiv in g s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

$
2 .50

i

s

*
O

N um ber of w orkers

Hourly earnings 1

1
1
“

13

8

2
2

8

3
IQ

7

6
6

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e arn in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u stry d iv isio n ,
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou rly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 2
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

workers

Mean3

Median 3

Middle range 3

$
S
U nd e r 1 . 6 0 1 . 7 0
an d
t
1 .60 under

t

t

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .10

S
2 .20

$
2 .3 0

f
2 .4 0

$
2 .50

*
2 .6 0

S
2 80

$
2 . 90

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

t

3 .2 0

$
3 .40

t

2 .7 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

4 .2 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .20

4 .4 0

-

14
14

-

-

“

*

10
4

“

20
20
~
~

_
~

_
”

9

_

_

-

-

9
9

-

-

1 .70

$
2 .0 7 1 .8 3 -

$
2 .92
2.25

t

1 .8 0

$
1.90

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .30

2 .4 0

.50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2. 90

3 . 00

3 .10

14
9

-

25
7

44
5

28
28

8
~

~

46
1

5
“

-

9
“

107

21
~

100
“

-

12
8
4
i

59
59
“

12
12
12

6
6
6

6
6
_

439
76

$
2 .55
2 .2 5

$
2 .73
2 .0 3

WATCHMEN:
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

74

2 .0 2

1.9 5

1 .9 0 -

2 .00

-

-

-

18

39

-

2

-

9

5

-

i

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

1 ,088
281
807
68

1.9 3
2 .3 3
1.79
2 .3 0

1 .81
2 .38
1.7 7
2 .1 9

1 .6 7 1 .7 7 1 .6 6 1 .9 6 -

2.03
2 .82
1.88
2 .91

18
18

350
31
319
6

157
60
97
6

226
4
222
1

51
11
40
7

43
4
39
8

23
13
10
7

18
18
”

40
24
16
12

28
24
4
2

16
14
2
“

7
7
-

t

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

8
8

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

342
40
302

1.6 6
1.8 3
1 .6 4

1.6 7
1.7 7
1 .66

1 .6 3 1 .7 2 1 .6 3 -

1 .74
1.86
1.70

24
24

LABORERS, MATERIAL HA NDLING -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

957
343
614
195

2 .2 9
2 .4 8
2 .1 8
2 .7 1

2 .1 6
2 .48
2 .0 8
2 .53

1 .9 2 2 .0 6 1 .8 3 2 .3 9 -

2 .66
2 .88
2 .51
3.14

-

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

382
307

2 .3 7
2 .1 6

2 .23
2 .1 0

1 .9 5 1 .9 3 -

2 .75
2 .70

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

48
37

2 .2 0
2 .1 9

2 .12
2 .06

1 .9 9 1 .9 6 -

2 .3 8
2 .52

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

191
91

3 .0 9
2 .4 0

2 .8 5
2 .41

2 .4 1 2 .1 7 -

3 .86
2.55

_

(W O M EN)

-----------------------------------------------------------

-

57
29
28
-

156
61
95

64
5
59
20

49
ii
38
17

34
21
13
13

44
29
15
15

47
5
42
40

68
39
29
2

32
24
8
8

16
16
-

45
40
5
5

10
10

88
88

10
10

35
35

13
13

12
12

13
13

1
i

3
3

1 17
77

_

_

_

12
12

8
8

13
4

1

-

2
2

3
3

_

_

*

3
3

3
3

1

“

-

i
i

30
30

3
3

12
11

17
12

27
23

3
3

2
2

2
1

5
1

2
2

-

_

_

-

-

6
5
1

22
6
16

10

47
2
45

90
8
82
-

92
12
80
“

“

36
36

9
9

_

-

2
2
_

-

*

-

2
2
-

~

2
2

68
21
47

-

-

2
2

208
6
202

-

_

“

10

-

-

6

95
35
60
60

_

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

-

*

_

_

1

-

_

_

-

-

6
2

3
-

-

-

34

-

-

_

_

5
"

-

-

_

-

-

-

45
-

12
-

16

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------

58

2 .6 0

2 .4 3

2 .3 5 -

2 .68

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

3

20

13

3

4

1

3

-

3

1

-

i

1

1

1

1

SHIPPING AND RE CEIVING CLERKS -----

43

2 .7 2

2 .69

2 .4 4 -

3 .02

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

5

1

8

-

8

-

11

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

1,3 7 5
277
1 ,098
539

2 .8 2
2 .58
2 .8 8
3 .4 6

2 .65
2 .45
3 .11
3 .91

2 .1 5 2 .3 1 2 .1 1 3 .1 3 -

3 .5 5
2.94
3.91
3 .95

12
~
12
~

34
34
~

21
2
19
“

23
2
21
~

64
6
58
~

128

121
48
73
14

65
65
~

109
65
44
4

84
26
58
49

23

8
6

9
7

40
13
27

~

181
16
165
1 61

22
2
20
*

319

2
2

65
62
3
3

32

2

15
8
7
“

-

126
“

5
5

2
2

_

_

47
26
21

21
11
10

8
6
2

9

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

14 7
133

1.9 5
1 .90

2 .01
1.9 0

1 .6 7 1 .6 6 -

2.14
2 .09

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

637
16 2
47 5

2 .6 4
2 .7 3
2 .6 0

2 .4 9
2 .9 0
2 .3 6

2 .1 4 2 .4 7 2 .0 8 -

3.14
2.97
3 .15

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

410
401
284

3.33
3 .3 6
3 .5 4

3 .8 3
3 .8 5
3 .93

2 .4 9 3 .1 1 3 .1 5 -

3 .9 5
3 .95
3.96

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------

180

3 .0 2

2 .4 0

2 .3 3 -

3 .9 3

-

See

fo otn o tes




at

end

of tab le.

12
12

34
34

_

_

-

-

_

-

9

1
1

21
21

1
1

38
36

“

18

2
2

63
6
57

58

48

-

18

_

2

-

2

_

“

~

~

-

-

-

_
_

-

21
21

_
~

9

44
-

39

58

39

44

34

32
32
“

40
34
14

-

~

~

~

32
32
32

-

24

~

70

-

5

_

11
12
12

_

_

~

~

7
2

_
15
8
7

1

-

1

63
60

-

3

-

_

_

1

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

-

"

-

-

32
“

_

1

1
318
294

_

124
8
1 16

23
13
10

8

9

38

-

i
8

-

49
49
48

8
8
“

24
24
~

12
12

-

-

7

9

8

_

_

-

_
-

_

_

_
-

-

38

210
210
190

70

_

_

-

~

~

-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s try d iv isio n ,
N o rfo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s— am pton , V a . , J a n u a r y 1970)
P
H
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—

H ou rly earnings 2
$

U nder
M ean3

M edian 3

M id d le ran ge3

$

U T I L I T I E S 4-----------------------------

484
275
209
100

2 .5 3
2 .5 3
2 .5 3
2 .9 3

T R U C K E R S , P OWE R ( O T H E R T H A N
F O R K L I F T ) -------------------- ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

91
66

2 .9 2
2 .8 4

T R U C K E R S , P OWE R ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------PU B LIC

1
2
3
4
5

$

2 .4 5
2 .3 6
2 .5 6
2 .8 8

3 .0 1
2 .9 4

$

$

$

S

»

$

*

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

*

%

*

t

*

$

t

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

24
24

20
20

4
4

31
31

13
13

15
7

42
42

-

“

-

44
7
37
37

2

-

31
11
20
20

3
3

-

38
10
28

3
3

-

41
12
29
29

13
13

-

31
8
23
5

21
21

-

79
15
64

26
26

-

-

-

24
24

1
1

and

*
i .

t

1 .7 0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
woikeis

6 0 u n d er

1 .9 9 2 .0 2 1 .9 8 2 .5 7 -

2 .8 7
2 .8 9
2 .8 7
3 .3 3

-

-

-

2 .2 0 2 .1 7 -

3 .1 9
3 .1 7

-

-

-

-

D ata lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e footn ote 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f tr u c k o p e ra te d .




-

“

-

-

-

1

1

3
3

-

8
8

*

15
15

19
3

6
6

8

3
3

2
-

-

-

-

-

“

*

“

*

14
14

-

-

-

14

B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , N o r f o lk “ P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p to n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1970)
H
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c al w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d __________________________________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m --------------------$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 2 . 50
$ 8 5 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
an d
and
and
and
and
an d
an d
an d

u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 __________ — ________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ___________________ _____________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ________________________ _______
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 _______________ ______ _______
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ----- ------------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------o v e r __________________■__________________________

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of--A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

1 14

36

XXX

78

XXX

114

36

XXX

78

XXX

38

11

10

27

22

49

15

14

34

29

3
1
1
-

_
3
1
-

1
3
8

1
1

1
1

1
3
11

2

4
6

2
3
1

2
1

2

_

2

2

2

2
3
5

2

2

1
1
1
-

_
1
8

2

3
5
1
1
1
*

1
2
17
5
4
9

2

3
-

2
2
2

_

_

4
1

4
-

1

1

2
2

1
2
13
5
3
7
1
1
1
-

2
1

2
2
2

2
1

2

_
13
5
3
7
1
-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _____________

6

2

XXX

4

XXX

11

6

XXX

5

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ______________________________ ____ ________

70

23

XXX

47

XXX

54

15

XXX

39

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .







15

Table B-2 . Shift Differentials
(L a te -sh ift pay p ro v isio n s for m anufacturing plant w ork ers by type and amount of pay d iffe ren tial,
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a., Ja n u ary 1970)
(A ll plant w o rk e rs in m anufacturing = 1 0 0 percent)
P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs—
In esta b lish m en ts having
p rovisio n s 1 for late shifts

L a te -sh ift pay provision

A ctually working on late sh ifts

Third or other
shi ft

Second shift

T hird or other
shift

90.9

86.7

14.1

5.4

1.8

1.8

0.4

0.1

-------

89.2

85.0

13.7

5.3

U niform cen ts (per h o u r)_______________

25.9

21.7

4.1

1.6

Second shift

T otal

_ — ---------------

- _

No pay d iffe ren tial for w ork on late sh ift_____
Pay d iffe ren tial for w ork on late s h ift.
Type and amount of d iffe ren tial:

4
5
6
7

cen ts
. . ____ ________ . ...
cen ts - . . .
— ---- .
cents . ..
. ----------------- . .. — .
cen ts — — — . . . ___ __ . . ...
7 V cents ..
2
- - - - - - -----8 cen ts --------- ----------------- -----9 cen ts - — - - - - 10 ce n ts_ - —
_
----12 or I 2 V cen ts_____
2
_____ - ---1 3V cents
3
- - ------------- 14, 15, or 16 c en ts________
2 0 c en ts------- - --------2 1 cents- — --- - ---- - — 25 c e n ts-------- ---------— — - ---------30 c en ts---------- ---------------

5.2
4.7
1.3
3.5
.8
.9
1.6
1.4
2.7
.9
2.9
-

--------------

62.2

5 percen t ------------------------ — ----7 p e r c e n t------------------------- ---1 0 percen t-------_---------

5.0
57.2
-

U niform p e r c e n ta g e ---

---

F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced h o u rs-----------

1 .0

-

3.7
7.7
2. 4
1.0
.1
.9
.8

2.9
.4
1.4
.5
62.2
-

57.2
5.0
1 .0

.9
.3
-

.8
.1
.2
.2
.4
1 . 1

-

.8
.1
.1
-

.1

.1

-

(2)
.4

-

.1

9.6

3.6

.3
9.3
-

3.6

.1

.1

1 Includes all plant w ork ers in esta b lish m en ts c u rre n tly operatin g, or having fo rm a l p ro v isio n s coverin g late sh ifts, even
though the esta b lish m en ts w ere not cu rren tly operatin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 percen t.

16

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , N o r f o lk — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1970)
P
H
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________

__

_ —

U n d e r 35 h o u r s ___________________________________
35 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s ___________________
3 7 l/2 h o u r s _________________________________________
O v e r 37 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _____________ ___
4 0 h o u r s ---- ------------------------------- --------------O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 44 h o u r s - _____ __ _____ 44 h o u rs _
_
45 h o u r s _____ _____________ - _____________ ____
O v e r 45 h o u r s __ ______________________

1
2
3
4
5

100
3
5
1
5
(5 )
79

1

2
3
2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

3
2
4
85
1
1
1
2

79
5
7
8

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

6
(5 )
10
2
81
(5 )
-

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

17
7
3
73
-

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




2
-

34
64
_
_

17

Table B-4. Pajd Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , N o r f o lk — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p to n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1970)
P
H
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s __________

__

____________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

___

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________

91

92

100

99

9

8

-

1
4
2
5
22
3
8
2
41
(4 )
(4 )

_
-

(4 )
2
11
2
9
1
61

-

2
(4 )

100

100

(4 )

-

-

_

_

-

(4 )
(4 )
3
54
3
8
3
28

_
(4 )
2
34
1
13
1
47

_
12
26

-

-

-

(4 )

-

-

4

-

3

(4)
(4 )
(4 )
1
(4 )

(4 )

-

-

2

3
3
3.
3
51
51
77
77
91
97
100
100
100

(4)
1
1
1
30
32
40
43
97
98
98
99
99

■_
3
3
3
51
51
63
64
98
99
100
100
100

2
2
2
2
61
61
88
88
100
100
100
100
100

N um ber of days
1 h o lid a y _________________________ — ___
___
2 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s ___________________________ __ ________
5 h o l i d a y s _____________________________ ________ __
6 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________ ___
7 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ______ -_________
8 h o l i d a y s ______________________ ______________ 8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _____ _________ 9 h o l i d a y s ________________________________ _____ ___
9 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _______ __ ~
10 h n lid a y s
11 h o lid a y s ______________________________ ________
12 h o lid a y s ___________________________ ___________

-

3
5
14
26
48
-

3

-

59
-

T o t a l h o lid a y ti m e 5
12 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e --------- ------ ----------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e ___ ___________________________
--------9 d a y s o r m o r e ---------- ------ __ -----8 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------- -----7 Vz d a y s o r m o r e - ______ ______ ______________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------6 Vz d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
5 days or m o r e — _
_ —
_____________ —
3 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________ _____
2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________ ____________
1 d a y o r m o r e _____________________________________

(4 )
3
3
3
45
47
55
57
79
84
86
90
91

_

4
4
5
67
67
76
77
89
91
92
92
92

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
* L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 fu l l d a y s
a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .




18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s i N o r fo lk r - P o r ts m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s— a m p to n , V a „ J a n u a r y 1970)
H
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

96
67
29
-

95
40
56
-

100
100

100
55
45

100
100
-

-

99
87
13
-

-

-

4

5

“

( 5)

"

'

3
10
-

2
1

2
28
2
2

3
15
6
2

_
6
-

-

4
10
-

-

( 5)
82
1
10
( 5)

1
84
2
6
“

_
91

i
50
( 5)
49
-

3
54
1
42
-

_
85
15
-

( 5)
58
2
35
( 5)
( 5)

1
85
2
7
1

_
23
8
67
3
-

1
8
( 5)
91
-

3
3
1
94
-

( 5)

( 5)

4
1
92
_
2

( 5)
36
7
51
(*)
( 5)

1
64
13
17
1
*

_
9
5
83
3

1
2
(5)
96
1
-

3
2
1
92
3
-

3
94
2
-

( 5)
8
7
79
(*)
( 5)

1
11
13
70
1

9
5
83
3

1
1
(5)
97
1

3
2
1
92
3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t------------------------------------O the r ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s — -------------------— _ __
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ---------------------------------------------------1 w ee k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---- ---------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________

-

6
3

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---- --------------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 - w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

_

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ------------------ ------------------------------1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------

_

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------1 w ee k --------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------—

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




_

3
-

94
2

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all in du stries and in industry d ivisions by vacation pay
provision s Norfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a., January 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

3
( 5)
85
1
6
( 5)

3
88
2
3
-

3
5
89
3

(5)

(*)

95
1
4
-

90
3
7
-

2
63
3
27
1
( 5)

3
74
4
13
1
-

3
18
76
3

( 5)
41
12
45
1
-

( 5)
29
42
25
3
-

_
11
89
-

2
33
30
30
1
( 5)

3
19
56
17
1
-

3
12
82
3

( 5)
34
18
47
1
-

( 5)
27
42
27
3
'

10
90
-

2
24
( 5)
64
6
( 5)

3
7
83
2
-

3
11
77
6
3

( 5)
21
( 5)
64
14
-

( 5)
22
71
6
-

9
84
8
“

2
24
( 5)
50
18
1
( 5)

3
7
78
6
1
-

3
11
-

(5)
21
( 5)
23
56
1

( 5)
22
24
52
1

9
5
86
-

2
23
( 5)

3
7
23
61
1

( 5)
19
( 5)
17
59
( 5)
4

( 5)
22
21
56
i

9
5
56
31

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6--- C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ------------- --------- ------------ ------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s — ------------- ----- ----------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------

_
98
-

2
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ------------------------------ ---------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------

_

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------ ---------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------

.

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------

5

78
3

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




21

46
3
( 5)

3

11

5
59
20
3

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N o r fo lk —P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s— a m p to n , V a ., J a n u a r y 1970)
H

Plant w orkers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All in d u strie s2

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s3

3
7

3
11
5
59
20
3

All in dustries 4

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

Amount of vacation p a y 6— Continued
After 30 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week--------------------------------------------------2 w eek s_____________________________ -_______
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________________
3 w e e k s_____________________________________
4 w eek s------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eeks___________________
5 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eek s--------------------------

2
23
( 5)

-

21
46
3
(5)

23
61
1
-

2
23
(5)
21
46
-

3
7
23
61
-

3
11
5
53

3
( 5)

1

25
3

( 5)

( 5)

19
(5)
17
59
(5)
4
-

22
21
56
1
*

(5)
19
( 5)
17

(5)
22
21
56

_
9
5
56
31
-

Maximum vacation available
1 week_______________________________________
2 w e e k s------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________________
3 w e e k s------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s___________________
5 weeks -------- ------------- - — ------------- ---Over 5 and under 6 w eek s___________________

-

58

( 5)
4

-

1

_
9
5
55
-

31

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p la n s su c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , an d t h o s e p la n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l 1 b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , N o r f o lk - P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s ^ H a m p to n , V a . , J a n u a r y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it an d f i n a n c i n g 1

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f the b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ---------------

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

93

97

100

99

99

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----- ----- ----------------A c c id e n t a l d e a th an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ----------------------------- -----------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ---------------------- -S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 -----------------------------------

90
29

95
26

98
65

99
43

99
22

99
75

73
26

83
22

72
64

76
37

96
19

77
74

78

94

61

90

93

75

S i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s -----------------------S ic k le a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) -------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) --------------------------------------

39
18

39
21

44
31

46
21

39
12

47
43

40

55

20

54

59

51

9

2

21

10

3

36

90
21
90
21
80
19
74
40
65
55

97
21
97
21
89
18
77
57
81
79

95
46
95
46
89
41
82
58
57
32

96
34
96
34
85
34
94
48
81
59

98
16
98
16
78
16
94
57
89
84

99
39
99
39
96
36
93
65
61
41

H o s p it a li z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ---------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----- ----------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ---------------------------M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ---------------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n -------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----------------------------

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
"N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly th o s e p l a n s fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly
b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d p l a n s , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




22

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivisions by method of wage determ ination 1
and frequency of wage paym ent, Norfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , Jan uary 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

___

100

100

100

100

100

100

P a i d ti m e r a t e s ____
___________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ___________ __ _____ —
S in g le r a t e _________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s ________________________ ___
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e _____________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v i e w ________________________
______
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w ____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y --------------------------------P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s ___________________ —
P i e c e r a t e ______ ___________________________
I n d i v i d u a l----------------------------------------------G r o u p ----------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ---------------------------------------I n d iv id u a l________ _______________________ __
G r o u p _______________________________ ________
C o m m i s s i o n - --------------------------------------------

77
60
27
33

66
62
29
33

100
92
57
35

100
56
5
51

100
57
4
54

100
85
30
54

4

3

21

1

-

6

25

29

14

40

54

48

4
18
23
18
6
12

2
4
34
33
10
23

8
-

10
44
-

43
-

1
15
-

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________

__

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1

2

1

1

(5)

(5 )
3

(5 )
-

83

98

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

*

F req u en cy of w age paym en t
W e e k l y _____________________________________
B i w e e k ly _____________________________ _____ __ ___ __
S e m im o n t h ly _____________
_______
M o n t h ly _____________
___________ ___ _________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y ____________
__________ ______

15

2
-

2

-

42
46
13
-

41
26
27
6

68

5
8
20

1 F o r a d escription of the methods of wage determ ination, see Introduction.
1 Includes data for w holesale trad e , retail trad e , rea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivisions shown sep arately .
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data for w holesale trad e; retail trad e; finance, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percent.




42
19
39
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p rim a ry p u rp o se of p re p a rin g jo b d e sc r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s i s t its field sta ff in c la s s ify in g into ap p ro p ria te
o cc u p a tio n s w o rk e rs who a r e em ploy ed u n der a v a r ie ty of p ay ro ll title s and d ifferen t w ork a r r a n g e m e n ts fro m e sta b lish m e n t to e sta b lish m e n t and
fro m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its the gro u p in g of o ccu p atio n al w age r a t e s re p re se n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B e c a u se of th is e m p h a sis on
in te re sta b lish m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility of o ccu p atio n al content, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e sc r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m th ose in u se in
in d ivid u al e sta b lis h m e n ts or th ose p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o se s.
In ap plyin g th e se jo b d e sc r ip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m ists a r e in stru cte d
to ex clu d e w orking s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicapped, p a r t- tim e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b atio n ary w o r k e r s.

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

MACHINE

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b il ls , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e other than an o rd in a ry or e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s or sh ippin g c h a r g e s or p e r fo r m other
c l e r ic a l w ork in cid en tal to b illin g o p e ra tio n s. F o r w age study p u r p o se s, b il le r s , m ach in e, a r e
c l a s s if i e d by type of m ach in e, a s fo llo w s:
B il le r , m ach in e (b illin g m a ch in e ). U se s a sp e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (Moon H opkins, E llio tt
F is h e r , B u rro u g h s, e t c ., which a r e com bin ation typing and adding m a ch in es) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s fro m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ­
ran d u m s, e tc . U su a lly in v o lv es ap p lica tio n of p re d e te rm in e d d isco u n ts and sh ippin g c h a r g e s ,
and en try of n e c e s s a r y e x te n sio n s, which m ay or m ay not be com puted on the b illin g m ach in e,
and to ta ls which a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c cu m u lated by m ach in e. The o p eratio n u su a lly in v o lv es
a la r g e n u m ber of ca rb o n c o p ie s of the b ill bein g p re p a r e d and is often done on a fan fold
m ach in e.
B il le r , m ach in e (bookkeeping m ach in e). U se s a bookkeeping m ach in e (S u n d stran d , E llio tt
F i s h e r , R em in gton R and, e t c ., which m ay or m ay not have ty p e w rite r k eyboard) to p re p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b ills a s p a rt of the ac co u n ts re c e iv a b le o p e ratio n . G en erally in v o lv es the sim u lt a ­
n eous en try of fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a num ber of v e r tic a l colu m n s and co m p u te s, and u su a lly p r in ts a u to m a tic a lly the
debit or c r e d it b a la n c e s. D oes not involve a know ledge of bookk eep in g. W orks fr o m u n ifo rm
and stan d ard ty p es of s a l e s and c re d it s li p s .
BO O K K EEP IN G -M A C H IN E O PE R A T O R
O p e ra te s a bookkeeping m ach in e (R em in gton Rand, E llio tt F is h e r , S u n d stran d , B u rro u g h s,
N ation al C ash R e g is te r , with or w ithout a ty p e w rite r k eyboard) to k eep a r e c o r d of b u sin e ss
tr a n sa c t io n s.
C la s s A. K eep s a se t of r e c o r d s re q u irin g a know ledge of and e x p e rie n c e in b a sic
bookkeeping p rin c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity with the stru c tu re of the p a r tic u la r acco u n tin g sy ste m
u se d . D e te rm in e s p ro p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n of debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each
p h ase of the w ork . M ay p re p a re c o n so lid ate d r e p o r ts , b ala n ce s h e e ts, and other r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B. K eep s a re c o rd of one or m o re p h a se s or se c tio n s of a se t of r e c o r d s u su a lly
re q u irin g little know ledge of b a s ic bookk eep in g. P h a se s or se c tio n s include ac co u n ts p ayab le,
p a y ro ll, c u s t o m e r s ' ac co u n ts (not includin g a sim p le type of b illin g d e sc r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a ch in e), c o s t d istrib u tio n , ex p en se d istrib u tio n , in ven tory c o n tro l, e tc . M ay ch eck or a s s i s t
in p re p a ra tio n of t r ia l b a la n c e s and p re p a re co n tro l sh e e ts fo r the acco u n tin g d ep artm en t.
C L E R K , ACCO UNTING
C la s s A. Under g e n e r a l d ire c tio n of a b o ok k eep er o r acco u n tan t, h a s r e sp o n sib ility fo r
keeping one o r m o re se c tio n s of a com p lete s e t of books or r e c o r d s re la tin g to one ph ase
of an e s ta b lis h m e n t's b u s in e s s tra n s a c t io n s . Work in v o lv es p o stin g and b alan cin g su b sid ia r y
le d g e r or le d g e r s su ch a s ac co u n ts re c e iv a b le or ac co u n ts p ay ab le; ex am in in g and coding
in v o ic e s or v o u ch e rs with p ro p e r accou n tin g d istrib u tio n ; and r e q u ir e s ju dgm en t and e x p e r i­
ence in m akin g p ro p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a tio n s. M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and
c lo sin g jo u rn a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ire c t c l a s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B. Under su p e rv isio n , p e r fo r m s one or m o re routine accou n tin g o p e ra tio n s such
a s p ostin g sim p le jo u rn a l v o u ch ers or ac co u n ts p ayab le v o u ch e rs, en terin g v o u ch ers in
vouch er r e g i s t e r s ; re c o n c ilin g bank ac c o u n ts; and p ostin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s co n tro lled by
g e n e ra l le d g e r s , or p ostin g sim p le c o s t accou n tin g d a ta . T h is job d o e s not r e q u ire a know l­
edge of accou n tin g and bookkeeping p rin c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in which the m o re routine
accou n tin g w ork is su bdivided on a fu n ction al b a s is am ong s e v e r a l w o r k e r s.




23

F IL E

C la s s A . In an e sta b lis h e d filin g s y ste m con tain in g a num ber of v a rie d su b je ct m a tte r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d exes file m a te r ia l such a s c o rre sp o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , tech n ical d o cu ­
m e n ts, e tc . M ay a ls o file th is m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p es in conjunction
with the f il e s . M ay lead a sm a ll gro u p of low er le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s, and f il e s u n c la ssifie d m a te r ia l by sim p le ( su b je ct m a tter) h e ad ­
in gs or p a rtly c la s s if i e d m a te r ia l by fin e r su b h e ad in g s. P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la te d index and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e ste d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r ic a l t a s k s r e q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routin e filin g of m a te r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y been c l a s s if i e d or which
is e a s i ly c la s s if i e d in a sim p le s e r i a l c la s s ific a t io n sy ste m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, ch ro n o lo g ic al,
or n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e ste d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m ay fill out w ith draw al c h a rg e . P e r fo r m s sim p le c l e r ic a l and m an ual ta s k s r e ­
q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
CLERK,

O RD ER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l or m e rc h a n d ise by m a il, phone, or p e r so n a lly .
D u ties involve any com b in ation of the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u sto m e r s; m akin g out an o rd e r
sh eet listin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and q u an titie s of ite m s on o rd e r
sh eet; and d istrib u tin g o rd e r sh e e ts to r e sp e c tiv e d e p artm e n ts to be fille d . M ay ch eck with c r e d it
d ep artm en t to d eterm in e c r e d it ratin g of c u sto m e r , ackn ow ledge r e c e ip t of o r d e r s fro m c u sto m e r s,
follow up o r d e r s to se e that they have been fille d , k eep file of o r d e r s re c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping
in v o ic e s with o rig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAY RO LL

C o m p u tes w ages of com pan y em p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y d ata on the p ay ro ll
s h e e ts. D u ties in v o lv e: C alc u latin g w o r k e r s' e a r n in g s b a se d on tim e or p roduction r e c o r d s ; and
p o stin g c a lc u la te d d ata on p a y ro ll sh e e t, showing in fo rm atio n such a s w o r k e r 's n am e, w orking
d a y s, tim e , r a te , ded u ctio n s fo r in su r a n c e , and to tal w ages due. M ay m ake out p aych ecks and
a s s i s t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d istrib u tin g pay en v e lo p e s. M ay u se a ca lcu latin g m ach in e.
C O M P T O M E T E R O PE R A TO R
P r im a r y duty is to o p e rate a C o m p to m ete r to p e r fo r m m a th e m a tic a l co m p u tatio n s. T h is
job is not to be co n fu sed with that of s t a t i s t i c a l or other type of c le r k , which m ay involve f r e ­
quent u se of a C o m p to m ete r but, in which, u se of th is m ach in e is in ciden tal to p e rfo rm an c e of
other d u tie s.
K EY PU N C H O PE R A T O R
C la s s A. O p e ra te s a n u m e ric a l a n d /o r alp h a b e tic a l or com bin ation keypunch m achine to
t r a n s c r ib e d ata fro m v a r io u s so u rc e d o cu m en ts to keypunch tab u latin g c a r d s . P e r fo r m s sam e
t a s k s a s low er lev el keypunch o p e ra to r but, in ad d itio n , w ork r e q u ir e s ap p lica tio n of coding
s k ills and the m akin g of so m e d e te rm in a tio n s, fo r e x a m p le , lo c a te s on the so u rce docum ent
the ite m s to be punched; e x tr a c ts in fo rm atio n fr o m s e v e r a l d o cu m en ts; and se a r c h e s fo r and
in te r p r e ts in fo rm atio n on the docum en t to d eterm in e in fo rm atio n to be punched. M ay tra in
in ex p e rie n ce d o p e r a to r s .

24
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — Continued
C l a s s B . U nder c lo se su p e r v isio n o r follow in g sp e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in str u c tio n s,
t r a n s c r ib e s d ata fro m so u r c e d ocu m en ts to punched c a r d s . O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e tic a l or com b in ation keypunch m ach in e to keypunch tab u latin g c a r d s . M ay v e r ify c a r d s .
W orking fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd iz e d so u rc e d o c u m en ts, fo llo w s sp e c ifie d se q u e n c e s which have
b een coded o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire little o r no se le c tin g , cod in g, o r in te rp re tin g
of d ata to be punched. P ro b le m s a r is in g fro m e rro n e o u s ite m s or c o d e s, m is s in g in fo rm atio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e fe r r e d to su p e r v is o r .
O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s , o p eratin g m in o r o ffice m a ­
ch in es su ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r ic a l w ork.
SECR ETA R Y
A ssig n e d a s p e r so n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in div idu al. M ain tain s a c lo se and highly
r e sp o n siv e r e la tio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork a c tiv itie s of the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a i r l y in de­
pendently re c e iv in g a m in im u m of d e ta ile d s u p e rv isio n and g u id an ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s, u su a lly in cludin g m o st of the fo llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s telephon e c a lls ,
p e r so n a l c a l l e r s , and in com in g m a il, a n sw e r s rou tin e in q u ir ie s, and r o u te s the te c h n ic a l in q u irie s
to the p ro p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s, and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in ta in s
the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k e s ap p oin tm en ts a s in stru c te d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m su p e r ­
v is o r to su b o rd in a te s; (e) re v ie w s c o rre sp o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by o th ers
fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p ro c e d u ra l and ty p o grap h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r fo r m s
ste n o g rap h ic and typing w ork.
M ay a ls o p e rfo rm oth er c l e r ic a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s know ledge of o ffic e rou tin e and u n d erstan d in g of the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p ro c e d u re s r e la t e d to the w ork of the s u p e r v is o r .
E x c lu sio n s
Not a ll p o sitio n s th at a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s . E x a m p le s
of p o sitio n s which a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the defin ition a r e a s fo llo w s: (a) P o sitio n s which do not m e et
the " p e r s o n a l” s e c r e t a r y con cep t d e s c r ib e d ab o v e; (b) ste n o g ra p h e r s not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
type d u tie s; (c) ste n o g ra p h e rs se rv in g a s o ffic e a s s i s t a n t s to a gro u p of p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o sitio n s in which the d u tie s a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o re
routin e or su b sta n tia lly m o re co m p le x and r e sp o n sib le than th o se c h a r a c te r iz e d in the defin itio n ;
and (e) a s s i s t a n t type p o sitio n s w hich involve m o re d iffic u lt o r m o re r e sp o n sib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , su p e r v is o r y , o r sp e c ia liz e d c l e r ic a l d u tie s w hich a r e not ty p ic a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w ork.
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r ," u se d in the le v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g, r e f e r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o rp o ra te -w id e p o licy m ak in g ro le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
com pan y a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d icativ e of th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id en tify su ch p o sitio n s. V ice p r e sid e n ts w hose p r im a r y r e sp o n sib ility is to a c t p e r ­
so n a lly on in d ivid u al c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e .g ., ap p ro v e o r den y in div idu al loan or c r e d it a c tio n s;
a d m in iste r in d ivid u al t r u s t a c c o u n ts; d ire c t ly su p e r v ise a c l e r ic a l staff) a r e not c o n sid e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r s ” fo r p u rp o se s of ap plyin g the follow in g le v e l d e fin itio n s.
C la s s A
a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t of a com p an y that e m p lo y s, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o ffic e r (o th er than the c h a ir m a n of the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t)
of a com p an y that e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia te ly below the c o r p o r a te o ffic e r lev el) o f a m a jo r
se g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y of a com p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v er 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
a. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t of a co m p an y that e m p lo y s, in
a ll , fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; or
b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o ffic e r (o th er than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t)
of a com p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 100 but few er them 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia te ly below the o ffic e r lev el) o v e r eith e r a m a jo r
c o rp o ra te -w id e fu n ctio n al a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s, in d u str ia l r e la tio n s. e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s;
a m a jo r d ivisio n ) of a com p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but few er than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
d. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u al p lan t, fa c to r y , e tc. (o r oth er e q u iv ale n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
e. S e c r e t a r y to the head of a la r g e and im p o rtan t o rg a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n agem en t s u p e r v is o r of an o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t o ften involvin g a s m an y a s s e v e r a l
hundred p e r so n s) of a com p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C
a. S e c r e t a r y to an ex ecu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r so n w h o se r e sp o n sib ility is not eq u iv ale n t
to one of the s p e c ific le v e l situ a tio n s in the defin itio n fo r c l a s s B , bu t w h o se su b o rd in ate st a ff
n o r m a lly n u m b ers at l e a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n ts w hich a r e often , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b divided. In so m e c o m p a n ie s, th is le v e l in c lu d e s
a w ide ran g e of o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s; in o t h e r s , only one o r tw o; o £
b. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead of an in d iv id u al p lan t, fa c to r y , e tc. (o r o th er e q u iv ale n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h e ad of a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., few er than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n su p e r v iso ry s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te ch n ician o r e x p e r t. (N O T E ; M any co m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s, r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r ib e d ab o v e, to th is le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n su p e r v iso ry w o rk e r.)
ST E N O G R A P H E R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to take d ictatio n in volvin g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m one o r m o re
p e r so n s e ith e r in sh orth an d or b y Sten otype o r s im ila r m ach in e; and t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n . May
a ls o type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m other r e la tiv e ly
rou tin e c l e r ic a l t a s k s . M ay o p e ra te fr o m a ste n o g rap h ic p ool. D o es not in clu de t r a n sc r ib in g m ach in e w ork . (See t r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R , SEN IO R
P r im a r y duty is to take d ictatio n in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l or sp e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry
su ch a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on sc ie n tific r e s e a r c h fr o m one o r m o r e p e r so n s e ith e r in s h o r t ­
hand or by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e; and t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
copy. M ay a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g rap h ic d u tie s r e q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in depen den ce and r e s p o n s i­
b ility than s t e n o g r a p h e r s, g e n e r a l a s ev id en ced by the fo llo w in g: Work r e q u ir e s high d e g re e of
ste n o g rap h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ; and a thorough w orking know ledge of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffice
p r o c e d u r e s and of the sp e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s, o rg a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w orkflow , e tc . U se s th is know ledge in p e rfo rm in g ste n o g rap h ic d u tie s and r e sp o n sib le c l e r ic a l
t a s k s su ch a s , m ain tain in g follow up f i l e s ; a sse m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s, le t t e r s ,
e t c .; co m p o sin g sim p le le t t e r s fr o m g e n e r a l in str u c tio n s; re ad in g and ro u tin g in co m in g m a il; and
an sw e rin g ro u tin e q u e stio n s, e tc . D o es not in clu de t r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e w ork .
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telep h o n e sw itc h b o ard han dlin g in co m in g,
ou tgoin g, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll telep h on e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o r h an d les
co m p le x c a l l s , su ch a s co n fe r e n c e , c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l l s , e ith e r in ad d itio n to
doing rou tin e w ork a s d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itc h b o ard o p e r a to r , c l a s s B , o r a s a fu ll- tim e
a ssig n m e n t. ( " F u l l" telep h o n e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e sta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n ctio n s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rstan d ab le fo r telep h on e in fo rm atio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u se
of o v erlap p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n ctio n s, and co n seq u en tly p r e s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m ^ a s to
w hich e x te n sio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telep h o n e sw itc h b o ard han dlin g in co m in g,
o u tgoin g, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay h an dle rou tin e lon g d ista n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telephon e in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telep h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if the fu n ctio n s o f the e sta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le fo r telephon e
in fo rm atio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the r e q u e s t s a r e ro u tin e, e .g ., giv in g e x te n sio n n u m b e rs when
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e fu rn ish e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to an o th er o p e r a to r .)

25
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

G ENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , arid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y a n d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; an d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PU TER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U SIN E SS

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n tro l c o n so le of a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s d ata ac c o rd in g
to op eratin g in stru c tio n s, u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in c lu d es m o s t of the fo llo w in g;
S tu d ie s in stru c tio n s to d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setu p and o p e ra tio n s; lo a d s equipm en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e tc .); sw itc h es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equipm en t into c ir c u it , and s t a r t s
and o p e ra te s c o m p u ter; m a k e s a d ju stm e n ts to co m p u ter to c o r r e c t o p eratin g p r o b le m s and m e et
s p e c ia l co n d itio n s; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e du rin g o p eratio n and d e te r m in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p ro b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p eratin g r e c o r d s . M ay t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c tin g
p ro g ra m .

C o n v e rts sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s, ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a sy s t e m s a n a ly st, into
a seq u en ce of d e ta ile d in str u c tio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to so lv e the p r o b le m s b y au to m atic d ata
p r o c e s s in g equipm en t. W orking fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d ev elo p s the p r e c is e
in str u c tio n s w hich, when en tered into the co m p u ter s y ste m in coded lan g u a g e , c a u se the m an ip u ­
latio n of d ata to ac h iev e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . Work in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g: A p p lies know ledge
of com puter c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em ploy ed by c o m p u te r s, and p a r tic u la r su b je c t m a tte r
in volved to an aly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s of the p ro b le m to be p r o g r a m e d . D ev elo p s seq u en ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r ite s d e ta ile d flow c h a r ts to show o r d e r in which d ata w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
co n v e rts th e se c h a r ts to co d ed in str u c tio n s fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in str u c tio n s fo r o p eratin g p e r so n n e l du rin g p ro d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s, r e v ie w s, and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ratin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m dev elo pm en t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o rk ers p e rfo rm in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ram in g sh ould be c l a s s if i e d a s sy s t e m s a n a ly sts if th is is the s k ill u se d to d eterm in e th e ir p ay.)

F o r w age stu d y p u rp o s e s ,

co m p u ter o p e r a to r s a r e c l a s s if i e d a s fo llo w s:

C la s s A . O p e ra te s in depen den tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o st of the follow in g c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s : New p r o g r a m s a r e freq u en tly t e s te d and
in trod u ced ; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts a r e of c r i t ic a l im p o rtan ce to m in im ize dow ntim e; the
p r o g r a m s a r e of co m p lex d e sig n so that id en tificatio n of e r r o r so u r c e often r e q u ire s a w orking
know ledge of the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay give
d ire c tio n and gu id an ce to low er le v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in depen den tly, o r un der only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o st of the follow in g c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s : M o st of the p r o g r a m s a r e e sta b lis h e d
p rod u ction ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la rly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; th e re i s little o r no te stin g
of new p r o g r a m s re q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id ed in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c te d w ithin a re a so n a b le tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a tio n s,
d ia g n o se s c a u se and ta k e s c o r r e c tiv e ac tio n . T h is u su a lly in v o lv es applyin g p r e v io u sly p r o ­
g ra m e d c o r r e c tiv e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd c o r r e c tio n tech n iq u es.

D o es not in clu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e sp o n sib le fo r the m an agem en t o r su p e r v isio n of
o th er e le c tr o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s, o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily co n cern ed w ith
sc ie n tific a n d /o r en gin eerin g p r o b le m s.
F o r w age stu dy p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s if i e d a s fo llo w s:
C la s s A . W orks indepen den tly o r u n der only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on co m p lex p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e co m p eten ce in a ll p h a se s of p r o g r a m in g co n c ep ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w hich id en tify the n atu re of d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g st e p s to be
a c c o m p lish e d , and the r e la tio n sh ip s betw een v a r io u s st e p s of the p r o b le m so lv in g ro u tin e;
p la n s the fu ll ran g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n eeded to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y ste m
in ach iev in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts.

OR
O p e ra te s under d ire c t s u p e r v is io n s com p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n ts of p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c l a s s A. M ay a s s i s t a h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r b y in d e ­
pen den tly p e rfo rm in g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt t a s k s follow ing
d e ta ile d in stru c tio n s and with freq u en t review of o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e su p e r v isio n . Is ex p ec te d to develop
w orkin g know ledge of the co m p u ter equ ipm en t u se d and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in volved in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U su a lly h as re c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u ter o p eratio n .
M ay a s s i s t h igh er le v e l o p e r a to r on co m p lex p r o g r a m s .




At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u se co m p u ter equipm en t m u st be o rg a n iz e d to
p ro d u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m n u m ero u s and d iv e r s e d ata e le m e n ts.
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n siv e n u m b er of in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r. T h is r e q u ir e s
su c h a c tio n s a s dev elo pm en t of com m on o p e ra tio n s w hich can be r e u se d , e sta b lish m e n t of
lin k age p o in ts betw een o p e r a tio n s, ad ju stm e n ts to d ata when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts ex ce e d
co m p u ter s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and su b sta n tia l m an ip u latio n and rese q u e n cin g of d ata elem en ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p ro v id e fu n ctio n al d ire c tio n to lo w er le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

26
C O M P U T E R S Y ST E M S A N A L Y ST , B U SIN E SS— Continued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U SIN E SS— Continued
C la s s B . W orks in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on r e la tiv e ly sim p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le se g m e n ts of co m p lex p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r seg m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo rm atio n to p ro d u ce d ata in two o r th re e v a r ie d se q u e n c e s or fo r m a ts . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u ced by re fin in g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad d itio n s to or
d e le tio n s fro m input d ata w hich a r e re a d ily a v a ila b le . While n u m ero u s r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the d ata have been refin e d in p r io r ac tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g
of d ata can be t e ste d by u sin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s. T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
rou tin e re c o rd -k e e p in g type o p e ra tio n s.
OR
W orks on co m p lex p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d fo r c l a s s A) under c lo s e d ire c tio n of a high er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s i s t h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m e r b y independently p e r ­
fo rm in g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e rfo rm in g m o re d iffic u lt t a s k s un der fa ir ly c lo se
d ire ctio n .
M ay guide o r in str u c t lo w er le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

OR
W orks on a seg m en t of a co m p lex d ata p r o c e s s in g sc h em e o r sy ste m , a s d e s c r ib e d fo r
c l a s s A. W orks indepen den tly on ro u tin e a ssig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in stru c tio n and gu id an ce
on co m p lex a ssig n m e n ts. W ork is rev iew ed fo r a c c u r a c y of ju d gm en t, co m p lian c e with in ­
str u c tio n s, and to in su r e p r o p e r alin em en t w ith the o v e r a ll sy ste m .
C la s s C . W orks u n der im m e d iate su p e r v isio n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
of a sin g le ac tiv ity . A ssig n m e n ts a r e d e sig n e d to dev elo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e rie n c e
in the ap p lica tio n of p r o c e d u r e s and s k ill s r e q u ir e d fo r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w ork. F o r ex am p le,
m ay a s s i s t a h igh er le v e l sy s t e m s a n a ly st by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d sp e c ific a tio n s r e q u ire d
by p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo rm atio n d ev elo ped by the h ig h er le v e l a n a ly st.
D R A FTSM A N

C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s of p ro g ra m in g p r a c t ic e s and co n c ep ts u su a lly
le a rn e d in fo r m a l train in g c o u r s e s . A ssig n m e n ts a r e d e sig n e d to develop co m p eten ce in the
ap p lica tio n of sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p r o b le m s. R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v isio n on new
a s p e c t s of a ssig n m e n t s; and w ork is rev iew ed to v e r ify it s a c c u r a c y and co n fo rm an ce with
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s.
C O M P U T E R S Y ST E M S A N A L Y ST , B U SIN E SS
A n aly z e s b u s in e s s p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r so lv in g them by u se of e le c tr o n ic
d ata p r o c e s s in g equipm en t. D ev elo p s a co m p lete d e sc r ip tio n of a ll sp e c ific a tio n s n eeded to en ab le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e re q u ire d d ig ita l co m p u ter p r o g r a m s . Work in v o lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g;
A n aly z es s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e ra tio n s to be au to m ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r i t e r ia re q u ir e d
to ac h iev e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c if ie s n u m ber and ty p es of r e c o r d s , f il e s , and do cu m en ts to
be u se d ; o u tlin es a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rso n n e l and c o m p u te rs in su ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r
p r e se n ta tio n to m a n agem en t and fo r p ro g ra m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv es p r e p a r a tio n of w ork and
d ata flow c h a r t s ); c o o rd in a te s the d evelopm en t of t e s t p ro b le m s and p a r tic ip a t e s in t r ia l ru n s of
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and re c o m m e n d s equ ipm en t ch an g es to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll
o p e ra tio n s. (N O T E ; W o rk ers p e rfo rm in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g should be c l a s ­
sifie d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly sts if th is is the sk ill u se d to d ete rm in e th e ir p ay.)
D oes not in clu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e sp o n sib le fo r the m an agem en t o r su p e r v isio n of
oth er e le c tro n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g (ED P ) e m p lo y e e s, o r sy s t e m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily co n c ern ed with
sc ie n tific o r en gin eerin g p ro b le m s.
F o r w age stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

m ain tain in g ac co u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e sta b lish m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v en to ry ac co u n ts
in a m a n u factu rin g o r w h o le sa le e sta b lish m e n t.) C o n fe rs with p e r so n s co n cern ed to d eterm in e
the d ata p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t- m a tte r p e rso n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s of the
d ata p r o c e s s in g sy s t e m s to be ap p lied .

s y s t e m s a n a ly sts a r e c l a s s if i e d a s fo llo w s:

C la s s A . W orks in depen den tly o r un der only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on co m p lex p r o b le m s
involving a ll p h a se s of s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e co m p lex b e c a u se of d iv e r s e s o u r c e s
of input d a ta and m u ltip le -u se re q u ire m e n ts of output d ata. (F o r e x a m p le , d ev elo p s an in te ­
g ra te d p rod u ction sc h ed u lin g , in ven tory co n tro l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a l e s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in
w hich e v e ry item of each type is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll s y ste m o f r e c o r d s
and ap p ro p ria te follow up a c tio n s a r e in itiate d by the co m p u ter.) C o n fe rs w ith p e r s o n s co n ­
ce rn e d to d ete rm in e the d a ta p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t- m a tte r p e rso n n e l on
the im p lic a tio n s of new o r r e v ise d s y s t e m s of d ata p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s. M ak es r e c o m ­
m e n d atio n s, if n eeded , fo r a p p ro v a l of m a jo r s y s t e m s in sta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and fo r
obtain in g equipm ent.
M ay p ro v id e fu n ction al d ire c tio n to lo w er le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly sts who a r e a s s ig n e d to
a ssis t.
C la s s B . W orks in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on p r o b le m s th at a r e
re la t iv e ly u n co m p lica ted to an a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a r e of lim ite d
co m p le x ity b e c a u se s o u r c e s of input d ata a r e h om ogen eou s and the output d ata a r e c lo s e ly
re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le , d ev elo p s sy s t e m s fo r m ain tain in g d e p o sito r ac co u n ts in a bank,

MAINTENANCE

C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e se n ta tio n of co m p le x ite m s having d istin c tiv e d e sig n
fe a t u r e s that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts. W orks in c lo s e su p ­
p o rt with the d e sig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay rec o m m e n d m in o r d e sig n c h a n g e s. A n aly z es the
e ffe c t of each ch an ge on the d e t a ils of fo r m , fu n ction , and p o sitio n a l r e la tio n sh ip s of c o m ­
ponents and p a r t s . W orks w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p leted w ork is
rev iew ed by d e sig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n siste n c y w ith p r io r en gin eerin g d e te rm in a tio n s. M ay
eith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s, o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w er le v e l d ra ftsm e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and co m p le x d raftin g a ssig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n of m o st of the sta n d a r d iz e d draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u sed . D u ties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w ork a s : P r e p a r e s w orkin g d raw in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u l a r sh a p e s,
m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and p r e c is e p o sitio n a l r e la tio n sh ip s betw een co m p o n en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c t u r a l d raw in g s fo r co n stru ctio n of a b uildin g in cludin g d e ta il d raw in g s of fo u n d atio n s, w all
se c tio n s, flo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m akin g n e c e s s a r y
co m p u tatio n s to d ete rm in e q u an titie s of m a t e r ia ls to be u se d , lo ad c a p a c it ie s , str e n g th s,
s t r e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in str u c tio n s, r e q u ir e m e n ts, and ad v ice fro m su p e r v is o r .
C o m p leted w ork is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d raw in g s of sin g le u n its o r p a r t s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n stru ctio n ,
m a n u factu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d raw in g s p r e p a r e d in clu de is o m e tr ic p r o je c tio n s
(d epictin g th re e d im in sio n s in a c c u r a te sc a le ) and se c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p o sitio n in g of
com p onen ts and con vey n eed ed in fo rm atio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b er of so u r c e s
and a d ju st s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s re q u ir e d . S u g g e ste d m e th o d s of a p p ro a c h , ap p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n ts, and ad v ice on so u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e giv en with in itia l a ssig n m e n t s. In stru ctio n s
a r e l e s s co m p lete when a ssig n m e n ts r e c u r . W ork m ay b e sp o t-c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d raw in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la c in g tr a c in g cloth o r p a p e r ov er
d raw in gs and t r a c in g with pen or p e n c il. (D o es not in clu de t r a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r im a r ily
c o n sistin g of str a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u irin g c lo s e d elin eatio n . )
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r re p e titiv e d raw in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s.
du rin g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE ,

W ork is c lo se ly su p e r v ise d

IN D U ST R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to il l o r
in ju re d em p lo y e e s o r o th er p e r so n s who b e c o m e il l o r su ffe r an ac cid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th er e sta b lish m e n t. D u ties involve a co m b in atio n o f the fo llo w in g; G ivin g f i r s t aid
to the il l o r in ju re d ; attending to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e s' in ju r ie s ; k eeping r e c o r d s
of p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g ac cid e n t r e p o r ts fo r co m p en satio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in
p h y sic a l e x am in a tio n s and health e v alu a tio n s of a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in volvin g h ealth edu catio n , ac cid e n t p rev en tio n , e v alu a tio n of p lan t en v iro n m en t,
o r oth er a c tiv itie s affe ctin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and sa fe ty of a ll p e rso n n e l.

P POWERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E— Continued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru c t and m a in ta in in good r e p a ir b uildin g
w oodw ork and equipm en t su ch a s b in s, c r i b s , c o u n te rs, b e n ch e s, p a r titio n s, d o o r s, f lo o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e of w ood in an e sta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv es m o st of the follow in g: P lan n in g
and lay in g out of w ork fro m b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in g s, m o d e ls, o r v e r b a l in str u c tio n s u sin g a v a r ie ty

of c a r p e n t e r 's h an d too ls, p o r ta b le pow er t o o ls, and sta n d a r d m e a su r in g in str u m e n ts; m akin g
sta n d a rd shop co m p u tatio n s re la tin g to d im e n sio n s of w ork ; and se le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
fo r the w ork . In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g and
e x p e rie n c e u su a lly ac q u ir e d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv ale n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .




27
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )--- C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; #a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g ..
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a t in g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g t o
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N I C ,. M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g ;
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d tfto ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n of v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u te 6 , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e ls , ox o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




M A IN T E N A N C E

28
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ; P la n n in g an d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g of m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o le .r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , an d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

G U A R D A N D W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o rd e r*, u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s of la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s ; V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

(S w e e p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s *o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; an d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f il le d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( I V 2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t go o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a,re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )

A rea W age Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from
the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government P rin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on
the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, July 1969 1
_______________ __________________ 1625-89,
Albany—
Schenectady—T ro y, N .Y ., Feb. 1970___________ 1660-51,
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , M ar. 19701_____ ____ ___ ______ 1660-55,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1969----- 1625-86,
Atlanta, G a., May 1969------------------------------------------- 1625-77,
B altim ore, M d., Aug. 1969-------------------------------------- 1660-11,
Beaumont— o r t Arthur—
P
Orange, T ex., May 1969 1------ 1625-75,
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1969----------------------------------- 1660-5,
Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1970--------------------------------- 1660-57,
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969---------------------------------- 1660-34,
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1969--------------------------------------- 1660-16,
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1969_________________________________ 1660-29,
Burlington, V t., M ar. 1970_____________________________ 1660-53,
Canton, Ohio, May 1969--------------------- ----------------- 1625-73,
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1969-------------------------------- 1625-71,
Charlotte, N .C ., M ar. 19701----------------------------------- 1660-61,
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a., Sept. 1969-------------------------- 1660-9,
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1969 1 ----------------------------- —-------- 1625-82,
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1970----------------------- 1660-49,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969------------------------------------ 1660-22,
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969------------------------------------- 1660-27,
Dallas, T ex., Oct. 1969------------------------------------------ 1660-23,
Davenportr-Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111.,
1660-20,
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969___________ _. . . . — . . --------------- 1660-37,
.
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1
---------------- -------- ------------- 1660-41,
Des Moines, Iowa, M ar. 1969---------------------------------- 1625-62,
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1970-------------- _ ---------------------- 1660-58,
F ort Worth, T e x ., Oct. 1969----------------------------------- 1660-18,
Green Bay, W is., July 1969------------------------------------ 1660-8,
G reen ville, S.C., May 1969 1----------------------------------- 1625-70,
Houston, Tex., May 1969 1-------------------------------------- 1625-83,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969----------------------------------- 1660-25,
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1970-------------------------------------- 1660-39,
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1969--------------------------------- 1660-35,
Kansas City, M o.-K ans,, Sept. 1969------------------------- 1660-10,
Lawrence— averhill, M ass.—
H
N.H., June 1969------------ 1625-79,
L ittle Rock-North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1969--------- 1660-2,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden G rove, C alif., M ar. 1969 1 — ---------------------- 1625-78,
------------------------------ 1660-28,
L ou isville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1
Lubbock, Tex., M ar. 19701 ------------------------------------ 1660-50,
M anchester, N.H., July 1969----------------------------------- 1660-3,
Memphis, Tenn.—A r k ., Nov. 1969 *--------------------------- 1660-31,
M iam i, Fla., N ov. 1969--------- -------- ------------------------ 1660-32,
Midland and Odessa, T ex., Jan. 1970 1--------------------- 1660-44,
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1969------------------------------------ 1625-66,
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., J an. 19701------------------ 1660-46,
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35
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D ata on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin number
and price

Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights, M ich., May 1969_______ 1625-80,
Newark and J ersey City, N.J., Jan. 19701_____________ 1660-47,
New Haven, Conn., J an. 1970 1_________________________ 1660-40,
New O rlea n s, L a ., J an. 1970________________________ __ 1660-42,
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1969___________________________ __ 1625-88,
Norfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., Jan. 1970 1____________________________ 1660-59,
Oklahoma City, O kla., July 1969 1
______________________ 1660-17,
Omaha, N e b r.—
Iowa, Sept. 1969________________________ 1660-12,
Patersorr-C liftorr-Passaic, N.J., May 1969____________ 1625-87,
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1969 1____________________ 1660-48,
Phoenix, A r i z . , Mar. 1969—____________________________ 1625-60,
Pittsburgh, P a ., J an. 1970 1____________________________ 1660-60,
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1969 1___________________________ 1660-26,
Portland, O reg.— ash., May 1969______________________ 1625-76,
W
P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket— arwick, R.I.— a ss.,
W
M
May 1969 1 ______________________________________________ 1625-74,
Raleigh, N.C ., Aug. 1969_______________________________ _ 1660-6,
Richmond, V a ., Mar. 1969______________________________ 1625-69,
R ochester, N .Y. (o ffice occupations only),
1660-4,
Rockford, 9I11., May 1969_______________________—
1625-72,
St. L ou is, Mo.—111., Mar. 1969 1________________________ 1625-64,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1969 1______________________ 1660-30,
San Antonio, Tex., June 1969 1 _________________________ 1625-85,
San Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, C alif.,
Dec. 1969_______________________________________________ 1660-43,
San Diego, C a lif., Nov. 1969 1__________________________ 1660-36,
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., Oct. 19691___________ 1660-33,
San Jose, C a lif., Sept. 1969 1___________________________ 1660-24,
Savannah, G a., May 1969________________________________ 1625-68,
Scranton, P a ., July 1969---------------------------------------- 1660-15,
Seattle— ver ett, W ash., J an. 1970_____________________ 1660-52,
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Sept. 1969________________________ 1660-14,
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 19701___________________________ 1660-62,
Spokane, W ash., June 1969_____________________________ 1625-81,
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1969-------------------------------------- 1660-13,
Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, F la ., Aug. 1969 1
_____________ 1660-7,
Toledo, Ohio— ich ., Feb. 1970_________________________ 1660-56,
M
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1969_______________________________ 1660-21,
Utica—R om e, N .Y ., July 1969________ __________________ 1660-1,
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Sept. 1969 1_______________ 1660-19,
Wate rbury, Conn., M ar. 1970 1_________________________ 1660-54,
W aterloo, Iowa, J an. 1970______________________________ 1660-45,
W ichita, Kans., Dec. 1968______ __ _____________________ 1625-41,
W orcester, M ass., May 1969---------------------------------- 1625-84,
York, P a ., Feb. 19701__________________________________ 1660-63,
Youngstowrr-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1969 1________________ 1660-38,

30
50
35
30
60

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

35
35
30
35
60
30
50
35
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30
30
50
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

30
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
35
30
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
30
30
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS




P O S T A G E AND F E E S PAI D
U. S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

FIRST CLASS MAIL