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A w. 3
Area /9$o-y
Wage
Survey

Newark, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, January 1977

Bulletin 1950-7
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

v<i

or




Somerset

Preface
T h i s b u l l e ti n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a J a n u a r y 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n in g s in the N e w a r k , N e w J e r s e y , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l
Area.
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It w a s conduct ed by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , u n der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f A n th o n y J. F e r r a r a ,
A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y cou ld not ha ve
b e en a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e
and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this
b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s in cere
a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the
cooperation re c e iv e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b lic a tio n is in the pub lic d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m i s s i o n of the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e cred it




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

Labor

S t a ti s ti c s

and

cite

the

name

and

nu m b e r

of

this

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n in g s in the N e w a r k a r e a is
a v a i l a b l e f o r the m o v i n g and s t o r a g e i n d u s tr y .
A ls o available are listin g s
o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e
em p lo yees.
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
offices.
(S e e b ack c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Newark, New Jersey,
Metropolitan Area, January 1977
Contents

Page

Page

May 1977
Bulletin 1950-7

I n tr o d u c tio n -------------------------------------------------------

2

Tables:
A.

E a r n in g s , all es tab lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e arnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s --------------------------------------- 3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e arnings o f p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s ------- 7
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arning s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chnic al w o r k e r s , b y s e x ----------- 9
A - 4 . H o u r l y e arnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, to o l r o o m , and
p ow e rp la n t w o r k e r s ----------------------12
A - 5 . H o u r l y e arn in g s of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cus todial
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------13
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
mainte nan ce, to o lr o o m ,
powerplant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ia l w o r k e r s ,
A-7.

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
hourly ear nings, adjusted f o r
e m p lo ym e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
le c te d occupational g r o u p s ----------- 16

E a r n in g s , l a r g e es tab lis h m en ts :
A - 8 . W e e k l y e arnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------- 17
A - 9 . W e e k l y e arn in g s of p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s ------- 20
A - 1 0 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arnings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x -----------22
A - l l . H o u rly e arn in g s of m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s -------------------- 24
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.
Price $1.60.




A - 1 2 . H o u r l y e arn in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cus todial
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------- 25
A - 1 3 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e arnin gs of
m ainte nance, to o l r o o m ,
p ow erp lant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ial w o r k e r s ,
by s e x -----------------------------------------2 6
A p p e nd ix A .
Appendix B.

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ----------29
Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s ------------- 33

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (See l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b ack c o v e r . ) In e ach a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d an nually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h i s r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s na tio n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l S tan d ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S t a te s , e xc lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a i i .

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th r o u g h the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a ti o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , includin g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g pla nt l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o a r e used b y th e U.S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 t h ro u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 t h ro u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a i n te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to
w a rra n t sepa rate p resentation .
T h i s ta b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m en t s hifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e appendix A.
Appendixes
wage

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c on ce p ts used in the a r e a
s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A p p e n d i x B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by oc c u p atio n .

used b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffic e w o rkers in N e w a rk , N .J ., January 1977
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and in d u stry d ivis io n
workere

Nu m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e we e k ly earn in gs of—
s

$

Avi>rag*

90

w eekly
hours *
(standard

M edian *

M iddle range*

S

$

120

130

S

S

140

150

S

s
160

170

$
180

$
190

$

s

200

210

220

S
230

S

$

240

$

$

260

280

5

300

$

320

340
and

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

16

340 o ver

WORKERS
$

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE —
R E T A I L T R A D E -----F I N A N C E ------------S E R V I C E S ------------

SECRETARIES* c l a s s a
MANUFACTURING

S
110

and
under
100

ALL

$
100

--------

NONMANUFACTURING
* class b
MANUFACTURING —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --PUBLIC UTILITIES
W H O L E S A L E T R A O E --R E T A I L T R A D E --------F I N A N C E ------S E R V I C E S ----

s e c r e t a r i e s

6 ,3 9 7
3 ,7 9 2
2 ,6 0 5
268
313
92
1,291
641
217
92
125
1 ,0 39
456
583
58
51
50
323
101

$

$

$

203 .50 195.00 1 7 2 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
2 03 .00 195.00 1 7 5 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
2 04 .50 195.00 1 6 7 .0 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
2 46 .00 241 .00 2 1 5 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
2 26 .50 2 18 .00 1 8 0 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
175.50 168.00 1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0
178.00 174.00 1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
232 .50 2 3 6 .0 0 1 9 5 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0

-

4

-

-

-

•
-

4
*
2
2
*

16
6
10
-

64
10
54
5
4
45
*

128
17
111
10
95
6

171
53
118
2
6
5
105
-

410
248
162
6
14
11
lie
13

580
344
236
3
29
9
167
28

741
512
229
4
22
5
168
30

649
416
233
14
10
5
162
42

643
418
225
13
24
11
127
50

519
353
166
5
32
2
87
40

467
326
141
31
16
4
59
31

369
203
166
26
17
5
80
38

302
171
131
26
9
3
17
76

657
410
247
26
44
7
21
149

332
190
142
56
22
1
18
45

166
62
104
23
30
2
6
43

80
38
42
3
23
4
12

73
16
57
26
6
25

26
5
21
4
4
•
13

3 7 .5 2 43 .50 2 4 2 .0 0 1 9 5 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0
3 8.0 243 .00 2 45 .00 2 1 2 .0 0 -2 7 3 .5 0
3 7.0 2 44 .00 2 3 9 .0 0 1 9 5 .0 0 -3 0 2 .5 0

-

•
-

•
-

5
5

5
5

-

3
3

7
7

1
1

3
3

33
22
11

4
4

19
12
7

14
14

14
9
5

34
21
13

15
5
10

20
15
5

15
3
12

14
1
13

11
4
7

36 • 0
3 8 .5
37.0
38 • 0
38 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

•
-

.
•
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

27
27
10
17

27
•
27
3
1
5
17
1

42
2
40
7
4
13
16

55
7
48
-

64
10
54
1
-

81
38
43
4
3
8

68
18
50
5

104
55
49
3
4
3
30
9

125
61
64
10
3

129
83
46
•
8
5
15
16

92
71
21
6
3
10

54
33
21
6
3
5
7

39
30
9

43
6

69
46
23
3
4
1
15
*

5
•
2

39
1
38
15
5
18

9
1
8
1
7

146
100
46
20
5
1
18

261
148
113
12
30
1
70

212
105
107
47
17
42

78
6
72
15
21
36

26
5
21
18
3

20
14
6
1
5

6
6
3
3

3 8.0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7.0
3 8.0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
38 • 0

225.50
[240.00
214 .00
258 .00
242 .50
174.00
198.00
246 .50

2 2 1 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 -2 5 5 .0 0
237 .0 0 2 1 6 .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0
207 .00 1 7 6 .5 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
247 .5 0 2 1 6 .5 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
235 .0 0 2 0 0 .5 0 -2 8 8 .5 0
169 .50 1 3 1 .5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
199.00 1 7 3 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
247 .0 0 1 7 9 .5 0 -3 0 7 .0 0

2
2

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRAOE F I N A N C E -------S E R V I C E S ---------------

2 ,4 0 8
1 ,3 89
1 ,0 19
170
217
376
238

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .5

2 14 .50
2 14 .00
2 15 .00
2 35 .50
226 .50
135.00
242 .5 0

209 .5 0 1 8 7 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 -2 3 1 .0 0
207 .00 1 8 0 .5 0 -2 5 1 .5 0
237 .0 0 2 1 5 .0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0
2 1 3 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 -2 6 5 .0 0
184.00 1 6 9 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0 2 2 5 .0 0 -2 7 1 .0 0

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
FINANCE

2 ,7 2 5
1 ,8 55
870
543

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .0

182.50
183.50
179.00
158.00

175.00
176.00
172.50
159.50

1 6 0 .5 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

•
-

2
-

1 ,2 98
409
889
177
116
271
325

38 .0 183.50 180.50
3 8 .5 186.00 180.00
3 7 .5 132.00 180.50
3 7 .0 209 .50 2 13 .00
3 8 .5 2 13 .00 2 2 1 .0 0
36 .0 144.00 143.50
3 8 .5 137.50 185.50

1 5 3 .5 0 -2 1 1 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0 -2 3 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

.
•
-

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES
F I N A N C E --------- —

614
157
457
145
168

3 7 .5 170.00 164.00
3 8 .0 164.50 160.00
3 7 .5 172.00 164.50
3 7 .0 208 .5 0 2 13 .00
3 6 .5 136.00 130.50

1 4 3 .5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

•
-

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING — —
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------F I N A N C E ---------------------SERVICES

684
252
432
32
103
205

3 8 .0 195.00 196.00 1 7 0 .0 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
3 8 .5 199.50 2 00 .00 1 7 6 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
3 7 .5 192.50 191.00 1 6 2 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
3 6 .0 2 1 5 .5 0 211 .50 2 0 1 .5 0 -2 2 8 .5 0
36 .0 157.00 156.50 1 4 5 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
3 8 .0 194.50 192.00 1 7 0 .5 0 -2 2 6 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE
S E R V I C E S ------------

-

-

•
-

4
4
-

2
2

9
-

310
236
72
67

426
318
108
100

494
390
104
78

295
229
66
40

251
169
62
36

192
143
49
9

84
68
16

40
11
29

73
16
57

232
158
74

13
9
4

14
8
6

.
-

.
-

.
-

54
14
40
3
29
8

123
36
87
3
54
30

121
37
84
5
52
27

103
42
61
5
7
27
22

113
40
73
10
9
10
44

122
56
66
12
4
8
42

122
29
93
26
4
3
60

93
50
43

119
19
100
62
17

59
13
46
19
19

108
38
70
9
20

32
13
19
8
7

31
10
21
4
14

•
-

•
-

•
-

•
-

15

21

8

41

4

3

*

*

*

*

38
8
30

66
20
46

74
22
52
21

b0
31
29
5
10

43
15
28
10
3

69
39
30
10

42
1
41
21

15
1
14
14

76
3
73
56

16
1
15
15

11
3
8
8

3
1

•
-

.
-

-

.
-

2

10
10
4

47
15
32
31

43
11
32
17
12

70
25
45
7
34

53
17
36
2
8
23

80
28
52
5
3
40

78
49
29
8
2
15

43
16
27
6

43
12
31
4

97
35
62
1

29
12
17
6

21
10
11
-

•

4

8

41

4

3

10
4
6

•
•

•
•

-

3

-

7
7

2

149
51
98
90

•
•

7

260
191
69
28
12
27
1

189
131
58
13
14
28
3

85
17
68
66

88

6

277
169
108
9
20
58
20

255
192
63
27
34
1

11
55
6

10
4
6
6
-

-

6

22

2

•
6
-

2

81
8
73
73

2

1
42
•

285
177
108
13
9
69
16

•
•
-

8

51
-

2

190
115
75

55
10
45
43

80
80
-

2

103
24
79
3
20
54
-

10
•
10
10

2

-

2

3
34
9

70
10
60
3
12
34
10

2
-

•
-

See footnotes at end of tables.




2

11

•
-

•

2

11
11
7
4

-

*
•
•

-

2

11
11
-

•

2
9
2

•

20

35

16
6
10
9

57
16
41
•
19
21

2

2
2
4
2

2

z

-

-

-

•
•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings 1

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
worken

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
S

S
90
Mean

i

Median *

Middle ranged

S

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

%

S

$

s

S

%

S

S

* -------

S

100

lio

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21Q

220

230

240

260

380

300

320

340

over

17

25

17

16

3

18

25

26
26

49

17

47

17

14

3

4

17

19

26

47

17

12

1

4

400
91

262

148

75

93

and

and

under

100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

187

3 6 .5

$
153.50

165

3 6 .0

1 48.00

153.00
150.00

1 3 4.00 -1 5 9.00

-

-

155

3 6 .0

147.50

1 50.00

1 3 4.00 -1 5 5.00

-

-

12
12
12

TY PIS TS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE ----------------SERVICES ---------------

2 ,1 6 9

3 7 .0
3 9 .0

145.50

139.00

1 2 5 .00 -1 5 9.00

1

52

288

147.00

142.50

1 3 0.00 -1 6 2.00

-

6

31

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S FINANCE ----------------SERVICES ---------------

825

TRANSCRIBING-MACHIn E t y p i s t s
NONMANUFACTURING ---------FINANCE -------- ------

597

$

$
$
1 3 4.00 -1 6 6.00

1 ,572

3 6 .5

145.00

136.00

1 2 4.00 -1 5 7.50

1

111

3 7 .0

200.00

194.00

1 8 6.03 -2 0 9.00

-

46
-

257
-

4
-

368

302

64

31

24

15

6

130
238

104

79

76

30

15

16

6

1

12

-

309

198

183

72

45

78

48

25

23

3

6

-

-

1

6

3

8

35

22

10
6

2
1

4
-

-

2

-

-

-

19

-

•

-

-

7

2

-

-

*

*

9
•

7
•

1

7

178.50

-

-

2

13

6

15

18

2

-

23

6

134.00

130.00

1 2 0 .00 -1 4 6.50

•

45

254

287

194

157

139

58

29

16

166.00

159.50

1 3 7.00 -1 9 6.00

“

-

1

5

37

25

20

8

8

4

11
9

15

7

152.50

146.00

1 3 2 .00 -1 6 3.00

•

•

136

138

123

82

33

18

24

21

19

15

6

156.00

1 4 0 .00 -1 6 3.00

-

-

22

27

41

32

35

6

5

2

6

1

12

•

636

3 6 .5

152.00

150.50
142.50

36
-

157

189

3 7 .0
3 9 .5

-

-

36

135

109

97

91

47

27

13

22

18

3

6

4

15
-

8

2

4

9
1

132

39

9
9

15

7

-

2

7

10

5

21

2

•

21

2

•
-

3

•

-

-

3

-

•
-

2
2
-

•

•

-

3

187.50

1 4 0.50 -1 9 8.50

3 7 .0

231.50

228.50

141.50

139.50

1 2 7.00 -1 5 3.00

-

-

36

98

93

71

19

9

3 7 .5

186.00

191.50

15 9.50 -2 0 7.50

-

*

-

2

10

-

12

6

8

4

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B -----m a n u f a c t u r in g -------- NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S w holesale trad e —
FINANCE ------

1 ,3 4 4
408

3 7 .0
3 8 .5

141.00

134.00
139.00

12 0.00 -1 5 5.00

1

52

243
69

66

47

41

42
24

75

63

10

40
14

3 6 .5

140.50

131.00

1 1 9.00 -1 5 2.50

1

221

25

18

65

26

3 7 .0
3 8 .5

190.50

3
-

8

35

18

1 4 0.00 -1 9 7.50

-

6

179.50

189.50
187.50

1 8 4.50 -1 9 7.50

94

101
1
11

92

86

174
-

232
103
129

139

•

252
31

164

1 2 9 .00 -1 5 7.50

936

-

23

684

3 6 .0

129.00

126.00

1 1 5.09 -1 3 9.00

*

7

6
2

F IL E CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE -----------------

1,0 3 4

3 7 .0

1 30.50

123.50

1 1 0.59 -1 4 0.50

186

249

189

149

3 9 .0

144.50

123.59

1 1 9.00 -1 5 5.00

-

8

10

8

8

12

2

15
4

3
-

2

1
1

141

107

82

65

15

18

11
8
1
2

3

7

•

-

30
219
-

48

178

1

7
-

•
•

143.00

21

6
46
•

•

-

2

45

218

13
155

885

3 7 .0

128.00

123.50

1 1 0.00 -1 3 9.00

21

41

181.00

1 82.00

1 5 4.59 -2 0 6.00

-

149.50
121.50

1 30.00

1 2 4.00 -1 5 3.00

6

-

8

33

115.00

1 1 0.09 -1 3 0.50

9

174

209

99

1

-

6
96
117

3

64
90

10
68

19

10

73

27

20

139.00

1 61.50

1 2 5.00 -1 5 1.50

-

3

140.50

1 32.00

1 2 3.00 -1 4 8.00

3 7 .0

140.00

131.00

1 2 2.00 -1 4 6.50

6
6

47

263

6
6

44

197

3 6 .5

129.00

128.50

1 1 8.00 -1 3 8.50

6

6

43

642
89

3 7 .0

120.50
123.50

1 15.00

10 9.00 -1 2 7.00

193

120.09

1 1 5 .00 -1 2 3.50

15
-

177

3 9 .0

8

27

-

-

11

4

1

27

14

5

-

4

•

13

.

.

.

62

37

5

4

-

4

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

45

53

31

21
11

2
2

.

56

5
3

1

*

1

123
41

46

27
-

31

5
3

11

7

3

3

-

-

.

1

-

.

-

-

-

-

2

5

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

2

1
-

-

-

*

*

*

*

14

27
19

8
8
-

.

2

_
-

_

14

.
-

14

-

2
-

-

•

-

-

—
-

6

2

120.00

1 13.00

1 0 6.00 -1 2 7.00

15

169

166

82

40

27

29

116.00

111.50

10 6.00 -1 2 3.50

3

165

157

51

33

11

23

2
*

11
*

383

147.50

1 33.00

1 2 4.00 -1 6 4.50

_

35

43

97

37

25

39

36

149

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

147.50

133.00

1 2 5.00 -1 6 2.00

234

3 7 .0

147.50

134.50

11 6.. 0 0 - 1 6 4 . 5 0

6
6
-

-

10

52

22

13

14

15

35

33

45

15

12

25

3
8

4
21

21
1

23

23

7

8

20

6

4

-

•

15

3 7 .0

35

•

-

2

45

3 6 .5

1 2 7.00 -1 5 9.00

.

-

2

4

553

1 0 9.00 -1 2 5.00

—
-

66

63

445

1 50.09

15

2
-

3 7 .5

115.00

-

1

3 5 .5

143.50

-

-

51

119.00

-

1

303

3 8 .5

-

-

15

3 6 .0

13

2

15

18

81

•

-

18

5

96

-

_

5

3
3

•

-

-

3

9
9

m

29

—
-

3

3

9

3

•

-

16

2
1

3

•
•

-

4

-

*

2
2

4

1 4 0.00 -1 8 6.00
1 3 8.00 -1 5 6.50

-

*

-

8
8

155.00

-

-

-

1

146.50

-

-

-

3

147.50

5

2

-

5

167.50

-

-

4

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

-

•

•
-

10

89

-

-

•
-

45

69

-

1
1

•

57

-

•

-

13

4

3 6 .5

-

2
2

18

-

-

1

2

95

8

9

5

4

693

90

10
8
2

6
9

3 6 .0
3 8 .5

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

1
1

9

3 8 .5

3 6 .0

MESSENGERS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
FINANCE -------- —
SERVICES -------

-

7
-

30
4

3 6 .0
3 7 .5

25

c le r k s, class C
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ---FINANCE

..

•

113
150

84

f il e

-

1 ,1 9 0

506

F ILE CLERKS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE -----------------

.
-

1
•

8
2

1 2 9 .50 -1 6 3.50
2 1 7.50 -2 5 7.00

FILE CLERKS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE ------

9
-

30

18

8

1
13

—

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

w eekly
hours *
(standard

90
M ean *

M edian *

M iddle ranged

S

S

s

S

S

S

100

no

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

S
2*0

no

120

130

1*0

is q

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2*0

76
—
76
*1

27
11
16
9

25
5
20
19

29
16
13
6

23
8
15
8

26
1*
12
*

3
2
1
1

19
3
16
5

6
5
1
1

22
2
20

1

1

33
8
25

*5
21
2*
5
9
7

50
37
13
7

58
*6
12
-

72
70
2
1
1
*

36
10
26
15

2

6
6
6

*

6

3*
33
1
-

35
3*
1
-

38
26
12
12

58
36
22
22

*8
36
12
12

27
25
2
2

27
21
6
6

25
25

158
41
117
3
3
3
88
20

222
11*
108
3
10
9
78
8

265
150
115
1
35
6
61
12

265
166
99
6
18
13
37
25

28*
170
11*

73
*7
26
5

1*0
76
6*
9
21
3
11
20

189
8*
105
98

26
6
53
29

198
12*
7*
11
1*
7
36
6

27
9
18

*9
**
5
2
-

78
5*
2*
2
16
1

**
20
2*
2
11
*

139
79
60
6
3*
16

121
86
35
2
20
6

39
21
18

173
70
103
3
8
78
8

187
96
91
1
33

221
1*6
75
6
16
26
25

1*5
91
5*

77
38
39
11
12
16

3*
26
8
5
1
2

*

-

S
s
320
3*0

7

12
*
8
-

$

*

12

98
6*
3*
7
10
13

27
10
17
7

5

91
*3
*8
32
6
6

s

s

$

S

S

S

S

S

S

$

S

260

280

300

260

280

300

320

11
2
9

6
1
5

1

-

-

•

1
•

•

-

-

1
1
1

and
under
100

and
3*0

over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
F I N A N C E -------------

331
80
251
109

3 8 .5
39 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

$
1 6 *.5 0
1 7 *.5 0
161.50
135.50

$
152.00
166.00
1 *6 .5 0
1 2 *.0 0

$
$
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 *.5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 * 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --WHOLESALE TRADE —
F I N A N C E — ----SERVICES —

5 *6
322
22*
81
67
61

3 7 .5 155.50
3 7 .5 157.00
3 7 .5 153.50
3 7 .5 167.00
3 7 .5 137.00
3 6 .5 1 5 *.5 0

155.00
159.00
153.00
158.00
120.00
155.00

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 * 1 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .S O -1 6 7 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 6 * .0 0

O R D E R C L E R K S ------ -----MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----WHOLESALE TRADE —

**2
263
179
166

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

160.50
168.00
117 .00
113.00

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 * * .0 0 - 1 9 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

2 .2 91
1 .1 16
1 .1 75
278
231
58
***
16*

ACCOUNTING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE
F I N A N C E --S E R V IC E S

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE
S E R V I C E S -------------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE —
F I N A N C E ---S E R V I C E S --BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
NONMANUFACTURING
F I N A N C E -----

MACHINE

B

OPERATORS
-------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING
F I N A N C E — -----

165.00
172.50
1 5 *.5 0
157.00

3 8 .0 178.00 165.00 1 * * .0 0 - 2 0 3 .5 0
3 8 .0 171.50 165.00 1 * 7 .0 0 - 1 9 1 .0 0
3 7 .5 1 8 *.5 0 168.00 1 * 0 .0 0 - 2 1 0 .0 0
38 .0 2 31 .50 2 23 .00 2 0 7 .5 0 -2 7 3 .0 0
3 8 .0 205 .00 190.00 1 5 3 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 157.00 153.00 1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
3 6 .5 1 *7 .0 0 1 *1 .0 0 1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
3 9 .0 186.50 167.00 1 * 9 .5 0 - 2 0 1 .5 0

9*0
557
383
78
139
70

3 8.0 195.00 183 .00 1 6 * .0 0 - 2 1 9 .5 0
3 8.0 185.00 176 .50 1 6 2 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0
3 8.0 2 10 .00 192.00 1 6 5 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 53 .00 2 5 1 .5 0 2 1 1 .5 0 -3 1 2 .0 0
3 6 .0 168.50 165.00 1 * 7 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 31 .00 2 15 .00 1 7 0 .5 0 -2 7 5 .5 0

1,351
559
792
223
153
305
9*

3 7 .5 166.00 155.00 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
3 8 .0 157.50 155.00 1 * 0 .0 0 - 1 6 6 .5 0
3 7 .5 172.00 155.50 1 3 2 .5 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
3 7 .5 2 2 * .5 0 2 0 7 .5 0 2 0 7 .5 0 -2 5 1 .0 0
3 8 .0 180.50 165.00 1 * 6 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
3 6 .5 137.50 133.00 1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 A * .00
3 8 .5 153.00 152.00 1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

160
115
59

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

1 * * .0 0
137.00
116.50

1 *5 .5 0
115.50
1 1 *.5 0

1 1 * .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

1*7
106
59

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

139.50
132.00
116.50

1 *0 .0 0
115.50
1 1 *.5 0

1 1 * .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

90

3 7 .5

168.50

155.00

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0

OPERATORS.

BILLERS

-

-

19

*

-

2
2
-

19
15

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

62

53
1*
39
-

33
5
28

-

-

-

-

62
60

28
27

.
-

17
2
15

*6
5
*1

-

-

-

-

1
2
12
-

*

-

-

•
.
-

2
3*
1
3
-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

3
-

17
-

*3

131
32
99
3
3
71
20

-

3

-

17
2
15

-

-

-

-

1
12

*

-

-

31
1

.

26
26
26

32
32
19

11
6
1

26
26
26

32
32
19

11
6
1

5

6

-

•

_
-

*

5

38

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

5

-

.

-

*5

11

.

-

-

20
19
13

•

16
16

-

*

7

*

•

•

*

1*
1*
7

*

8
6

12

1*

12

7

-

-

* *

8
6

* *

1

3
16
1

-

1*
1

-

2
-

3
3

-

*
*

-

•

•

-

-

•

*

*

-

*
-

*
-

•
-

•

-

-

-

-

-

3*
23
11

2
1
*

58
35
23
1
10
1
5
6

**
17
27
10
12
1

90
71
19
7
6

66
61
5
1
2

*9
29
20
8
*
6

20
11
9
*
1

50
5
*5
6
21

123
23
100
98

9
6
3

1*
12
2

*

1*

-

2
*
1

22
15
7
7

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•
•

•

18
-

•

•

18
18

62
10
52
*5
7
•
•

**

•

-

-

2

5

70
10
60
*2
15

-

115
38
77
38
23
•
*
12

29
12
17
6
*
-

7*
38
36
16
*
12

51
9
*2
*
•
3

10
9
1
1
•

15
5
10

*1

52
1
51
*5
6

•

•

-

.

•

•

•

•
-

-

-

*

-

*

-

3

-

-

*

*0
2
29
•
9
**
*

*0
29
9

•

-

2

5

-

•

•

-

•
2

5

2
2

5
•
5
•
5

-

•
2

-

-

*

2
1

2

6

7

19
1
18
7
11

*

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

*

*1
3*

•

-

-

2
-

11
8

8
8

•

-

11
11

*

*

*

*

*

6
6

8
8

*

*

-

*

6

1

-

*

•

.

-

.

*
•

*

-

-

12

*

-

*

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
W eekly earnings
(standard)

1

$
w eekly
hours *
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

M ean

^

Median

*

M idd le range

of---

N um ber of w ork ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earning

£

$

90
and
under

$

100

no

S

$

$

120

130

5

$

1*0

150

1
160

4

$
170

180

$
190

S

2 00

210

S
$
220
230

S

$

2*0

S

£

260

280

S
300

S
320

3*0
and

100

no

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

3*0 o v e r

230

2*0

260

280

3 9?

320

-

*

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

•
•
-

7
3

3
3

•

•

*
-

-

•

-

-

-

-

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED

MACHINE blLLERS - CONTINUED
$

------

78

3 7 .5

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES

162

3 6 .5
3 6 .5
36 .5
35 .0

BILLING-MACHINE

bi l l e r s

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S --------- --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ----PUBLIC UTILITIES
W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----F I N A N C E -----------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ — --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------F I N A N C E -------------------------

97
65
31
1 ,5 5 0
503

1 ,0 * 7

2*6
223

*3 2
56
639
227

*1 2
115
178

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS 8 MANUFACTURING —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE
F I N A N C E ---------— -

911
276

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

105

635
190
108
5 *
25*

96
61

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS C
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

1 7 *.5 0

$
$
$
155.00 1 * * .5 0 - 2 0 5 .0 0

-

*

5

6

6

12

12

7

*

6

*

12

-

*

*

-

*

.
*

-

2*
20
*
*

_

3
3
-

27
16
11
*

2*
19
5
*

26
10
16
5

28
21
7
7

1
1
1

13
13
13

-

1
1
*

2
2
2

8
6
2
2

5
2
3
1

71
*
67
1
2

127
**
83
10
5
61
2

201
82
119
8
*2
55
3

226
89
137
5
21
93
1

1*0
69
71
11
5
36
17

118
55
63
1*
20
26
2

121
*0
81
33
15
22
11

120
25
95
85
2
3
5

78
12
66
n
51
1
3

*5
3*
11
7
1
3

16

22

71
2*
*7
8
27

1*1

63

57
23
3*
1
22

33
25
8

69
10
59
*7
1

1*
8
6
1

1 7 *.5 0 172.00
168.00 165.00
1 8 *.5 0 177.00
2 02 .50 2 07 .50

1 5 5 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0

-

3 7 .5 175.00 168.00
3 9 .0 173.50 167.00
3 7.0 175.50 168.00
3 5 .5 2 10 .50 2 07 .50
3 8 .0 2 00 .50 191.00
36 .0 152.00 153.00
3 8 .5 1 7 *.5 0 177 .09

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 * 7 .5 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 9 * .0 0 -2 2 7 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

12
12

29
29

30
*
26

-

-

-

-

-

8

9

1
9

-

-

7

-

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

53

111
3*
77
1
8

56
2
18
7
11

* *

97
12
76

19
13

-

-

•

16
1*
2

22
13
9

73
5
68
33
35

-

•

.

_

*
_

-

-

•

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

22

62
5
57
2*

*
•

3
3

-

•

2

3

67

93
27
66
1
8
3
53

85
30
55
10
3
*1

130
58
72
8
3*
1
28

85
*5
*0
5
9
a
17

77
25
52
11
1

8*
35
*9
1*
19

6*
17
*7
33
1*

87
85
2

9
2
7
3
*

9
9

63
1
2
9
51

23

15

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

21
21
21

7
7
2

15
13
7

17
17
13

6
*
2

2
2
1

5
3
1

9
7
2

8
7
1

1
1
1

*

1
1

2
2
1

2
2
*

2
2
2

-

•
*

-

6
6

21
21

6
6

12
11

1*
1*

•

•

•

2
2

6
6

189.50 176.50 1 6 0 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
181.00 175.00 1 6 1 .5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 *.5 0 179.50 1 6 0 .5 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
221 .50 2 17 .50 2 1 5 .0 0 -2 5 5 .5 0
166.50 162.50 1 5 5 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 5 .5
38 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

1 6 *.5 0 160.00
167.50 161.00
163.50 157.00
197.00 2 07 .50
178.00 168.00
120.50 112.00
1 *2 .0 0 139.50

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

-

-

*

*

12
*
8

29
-

26
-

20
9

3 7 .5
37.0
3 7 .0

160.50
159.00
1 *7 .5 0

153.00
150.50
1 *0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 8 *.0 0
1 2 * .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

•
*

_
*

37 .0
3 6 .5

1 *3 .5 0
1 *3 .5 0

1 *0 .0 0
136.50

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

-

-

*

-

•

-

*

12

44

3*
20
1*
1
11

-

*2
1*
28
2
20

3 7 .5
39 .0
37 .0
3 8 .5
3 5 .5

-

“

29

30

1

*

-

3
87
-

-

22
9

-

-

-

31
26
5
5
-

1*
1*
-

•
•

11

1*

11
-

•

11

*

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

3
3
.
-

•

-

•

-

•
•
•

-

-

.
'

S e e fo o tn o te s

a t end o f t a b le s .




6

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and in du stry d ivis io n
workers

w eekly
hours 1
(standard

M ean i

M edian

*

1

M idd le range

£

Num ber of w o rk er s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we e k ly earning s o f—
S
s
t
s
S
S
S
s
$
s
s
s
s
S
S
S
S
S
$
140
no 180 190 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 440 480 520
150
160
Under
and
$
under
1140
280 300
240
260
200
220
180
170
190
340
360
380
440
520 o ver
150
160
320
400
480

ALL WORKERS

$
$
$
$
3 7 .0 3 7 5 .0 0 3 70 .50 3 3 0 .0 0 -4 1 6 .5 0
39 .0 3 6 6 .0 0 358 .50 3 2 6 .5 0 -4 0 3 .0 0
3 6 .5 378 .50 3 74 .00 3 3 2 .0 0 -4 2 7 .5 0
3 6 .5 3 4 9 .5 0 3 44 .50 3 1 1 .5 0 -3 8 4 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) -----------------------—
MANUFACTURING -------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING------ — ~
FINANCE — ----------------- ------

1,151
341
810
442

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E SS )» CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------FINANCE ---------------------------

452
153
299
170

3 7.0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

4 1 4 .5 0 4 08 .00 3 7 4 .5 0 -4 6 2 .5 0
4 0 8 .0 0 398 .50 3 7 4 .5 0 -4 4 4 .5 0
4 1 8 .0 0 4 15 .50 3 7 4 .5 0 -4 7 3 .0 0
3 8 5 .0 0 386 .50 3 6 6 .0 0 -4 1 5 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E SS ). CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------FINANCE -------- ----------------

597
148
449
249

37.0
3 9.0
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

3 5 4 .5 0 3 50 .50 3 2 4 .5 0 -3 8 9 .0 0
3 42 .00 336 .00 3 2 5 .0 0 -3 6 3 .0 0
3 58 .50 3 55 .50 3 2 1 .5 0 -3 9 6 .0 0
3 2 8 .5 0 3 2 8 .5 0 3 0 7 .0 0 -3 5 1 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS C ------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------—

102
62

3 7.0 3 17 .50
3 6 .0 3 32 .50

315 .00 2 8 2 .5 0 -3 3 8 .0 0
3 21 .00 3 0 2 .0 0 -3 6 1 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —
MANUFACTURING-------- -— - — — ------NONMANUFACTURING ------—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------

956
238
718
72
62
491

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 5 .0
3 9.0
3 6 .5

2 7 2 .0 0
2 9 7 .5 0
2 65 .50
3 33 .50
3 69 .50
2 58 .00

282.00
3 04 .00
2 74 .50
3 2 8 .0 0
3 29 .00
2 5 7 .5 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0
2 6 3 .0 0 - 3 3 0 .SO
2 3 1 .5 0 -3 0 4 .5 0
2 7 1 .5 0 -3 6 7 .5 0
2 4 2 .0 0 -3 8 7 ,5 0
2 2 8 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

262
96
166
81

3 7 .5 3 19 .50 3 19 .50
3 8 ,5 332.00 3 26 .00
3 7.0 3 12 .00 3 1 6 .0 0
3 6 .0 2 8 2 .0 0 2 88 .00

474
117
357
273

3 7 .5 2 81 .50 2 75 .50 2 5 5 .0 0 -2 9 6 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 9 4 .5 0 2 91 .00 2 5 9 .0 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
37 .0 2 7 7 .5 0 2 72 .00 2 5 2 .0 0 -2 8 9 .0 0
3 6 .5 268.00 2 70 .00 2 5 1 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

220
195
137

3 7.0 237.50 2 2 5 .0 0 2 0 4 .5 0 -2 4 4 .5 0
3 7.0 2 37 .00 2 23 .50 2 0 1 .5 0 -2 4 3 .5 0
3 7.0 2 2 3 .0 0 2 23 .50 2 0 8 .0 0 -2 4 0 .5 0

956
247
709
128
332
122

3 7 .5
3 9.0
3 7.0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

2 7 0 .0 0 -3 6 2 .0 0
2 7 4 .5 0 -3 6 1 .5 0
2 5 3 .0 0 -3 6 1 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0 -3 2 5 .0 0

-

•

*

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1
*

-

16
6
10
9

-

14
8
6
4

23
8
15
11

63
19
44
39

97
11
86
69

156
78
78
65

148
42
106
67

137
38
99
59

118
41
77
45

168
45
123
66

114
19
95
7

87
25
62
*

9
1
8
1

-

11
11

9

-

-

9
7

13
4
9
4

46
21
25
19

56
22
34
32

66
31
35
32

103
35
68
58

52
14
38
6

87
25
62

9
1
8
1

11

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

“

*

10
10
9

8
2
6
4

11
3
8
8

41
15
26
24

66
6
60
56

121
61
60
57

97
21
76
44

74
16
58
26

49
10
39
12

59
10
49
8

60
4
56
1

6

12
7

11
7

22
17

22
9

5
5

7
7

3
3

6
6

2
1

-

-

1

6

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E SS ).
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- -------------FINANCE -------------------------—

*

*

“

1
1
1
_

*

“

-

-

2

3

2

2
_
-

3
1
_
-

*

*

-

-

*
m

-

*

109
21
88
6
1
74

142
23
119
10
102

164
41
123
6
1
97

110
28
82
3
2
69

78
36
42
4
4
30

61
19
42
12
3
19

37
13
24
11
2
7

42
7
35
7
16
8

31
16
15
5
6
*

34
17
17
2
11
*

12
2
10
6
-

15

98
15
83
15
58

*

1
1
1
*

5
5
5

6
6
6

22
7
15
10

22
22
13

30
19
11
5

15
6
9
4

34
13
21
15

36
14
22
11

25
12
13
4

26
6
20
8

6
•
6
*

28
17
11

6
2
4
*

1
1
*

•
-

1
1
1

1
1
*

27
11
16
12

32
4
28
24

90
18
72
64

123
19
104
84

92
20
72
64

42
22
20
14

16
5
11
8

7
1
6
2

14
1
13
-

24
16
8
*

5
•
5
*

*

*

•
•
*

6
6
-

•

.
-

-

-

•
-

•
•

•
•

8
8
1

7
7
7

-

-

*

16
16

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E SS ).
MANUFACTURING -------- --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE — ---------------------------------

-

*

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ),
NONMANUFACTURING -------- ---------------FINANCE ------------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE •
FINANCE -------------SERVICES ------------

2 2 3 .5 0
2 1 6 .0 0
2 2 6 .0 0
2 8 9 .5 0
194.50
2 30 .00

2 17 .59 1 8 7 .5 0 -2 4 9 .0 0
212 .00 1 8 9 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
2 21 .00 1 8 5 .5 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
2 89 .50 2 4 8 .0 0 -3 2 8 .5 0
194.50 1 6 9 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0
2 34 .50 1 9 6 .0 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

*

1
1
1

2
2
2

3
3
1

8
8
1

6
6
6

10
10
10

65
61
40

55
45
40

30
25
25

11
8
8

3
1
1

2
1
1

9
9
-

5
5
1

2
2

1
1
-

1
1
-

19
2
17
17

17
17
17

32
4
28
21
7

45
10
35
31

53
14
39
1
29
9

86
32
54
11
38
5

93
28
65
2
46
16

151
57
94
7
64
14

195
60
135
3
37
12

75
13
62
17
15
23

73
17
56
18
9
27

46
3
43
25
6
9

20
1
19
11
2

16
1
15
10
-

3
2
1
•
•

15
1
14
8

2
2
•
•
-

15

See footnotes at end of tables.




7

-

15
15

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
W e ek ly e arn in gs 1
(sta n d a rd )
N um ber

Occupation and in du stry d ivis io n
w orkers

A verage
w e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

Num ber of w ork ers r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we gkly earnings
s

$

140
M ean *

M e d ia n *

M id d le r a n g e d

Under
$

140

$
150

160

170

i

s

S

$

180

190

$
200

s
220

o f -----

240

S

S

s
260

280

S

S
300

320

S

$

340

s
380

360

S
400

s
440

1

480

and

520
and

under
150

160

170

over

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

5

19
8
11
10

52
11
41
33

69
35
34
29

37
5
32
14

20
6
14
5

21
1
20
6

10
1
9
2

8
1
7
*

2
1
1
-

6
•
6
-

—

•

•

-

-

-

-

*

-

81
39
42
2
31

116
23
93
1
8

35
6
29
10
1

45
11
34
9
4

13
2
11
-

10
10
7

8
•
8
8

1
1
•

9
1
8
8

2
2
-

15
—
15
15

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

.
•

380 _40fi.

440

480

520

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
COMPUTER OPERATORS -

CONTINUED
$
2 32 .00
231 .0 0
234 .5 0
223 .5 0

$
$
2 1 1 .0 0 -2 7 0 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0 -2 7 5 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING — — -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- -— ----- ------F IN A N C E -------------------------- ------------

253
70
183
107

3 7 .5
39 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

$
242.50
232.50
246.50
225.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE --------------------------

527
141
386
72
157

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 7.0

225.50 2 1 9 .0 0 1 8 9 .5 0 -2 4 3 .5 0
215.00 2 1 0 .0 0 1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .0C
229.50 225 .50 1 9 0 .5 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
303.50 3 03 .00 2 5 0 .0 0 -3 7 1 .5 0
188.00 188.50 1 6 9 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING ------------FINANCE -------------------------

176
140
68

38.0
37 .5
3 6 .0

190.00
190.50
160.50

175.50
175.50
162.50

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

11
9
*9 *

DRAFTERS
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
SERVICES -------------

1,147
592
555
343

3 8 .5
39 .0
38 .0
3 9 .0

259 .00 255 .00
240 .50 240 .50
2 79 .00 276.00
2 59 .50 2 64 .00

2 1 4 .5 0 -3 0 6 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0 - 2 7 5 .0C
2 2 2 .5 0 -3 2 5 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0 -3 0 6 .5 0

18
6
12
12

DRAFTERS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —

373
232
141

3 8 .5 2 9 9 .5 0 2 90 .00 2 5 8 .0 0 -3 4 4 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 8 2 .0 0 2 75 .00 2 5 4 .0 0 -3 0 4 .5 0
3 7 .5 328 .00 344 .00 2 6 9 .0 0 -3 8 2 .0 0

•
*

DRAFTERS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
SERVICES -------------

533
214
319
79
227

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
38 .0
37 .0
3 8 .5

DRAFTERS, CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

230
136
94

3 8 .5 198.50
3 8 .5 182.00
3 8.0 222 .50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------------MANUFACTURING--------------- ---------------

665
531

3 9 .5 2 35 .00 228 .00
3 9 .5 2 17 .50 2 1 5 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

163
132

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

262.00 2 52 .00
251 .00 2 50 .00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BMANUFACTURINC-------------------- ------------

309
214

3 9 .5 250.00 229 .50
3 9 .5 224 .50 2 2 0 .0 0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ---------MANUFACTURING----------------------— -----

177
138

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

*

W o rk ers w e re
W ork ers w ere

S e e fo o tn o te s

d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s :
d is t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s :

6 at
6 at

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

8
8

7
7
7

9
2
7
7

24
6
18
18

25
6
19
1
15

59
22
37
11
26

60
20
40

10
10
10

23
21
14

21
17
13

24
16
10

22
13
8

14
14
4

18
11

10
8

3
1

8
8

12
12

7
7

26
25
1
1

43
41
2
2

24
11
13
13

35
25
10
7

38
31
7
7

139
68
71
41

141
76
65
49

117
86
31
21

150
80
70
58

75
45
30
23

132
48
84
48

72
15
57
36

63
22
41
25

24
1
23
-

27
1
26
-

13
1
12
-

3
3
-

•
•

2
2
*

15
9
6

34
22
12

46
4ff
*

70
48
22

38
34
4

47
34
13

19
10
9

47
22
25

13
1
12

26
26

13
1
12

3
3
*

61
40
21
17

54
22
32
26

34
11
23

53
5
48
12
36

16
16
15
1

11

23

82
14
68
32
36
3

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

“

-

“

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

12
12

11

-

7

18
12
6

87
51
36

*

12

7

6

34

83
44
39
9
29

25
25
-

33
31
2

12
11
1

24
21
3

17
16
1

36
7
29

22
8
14

10
10

26
10
16

3
3

3

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

*

38
38

42
40

130
116

121
117

88
84

34
31

8
5

10
5

74
*

12

-

95
93

2 3 4 .5 0 -2 6 3 .0 0
2 3 4 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

.

-

-

-

.

-

*

*

*

6
2

49
45

58
54

26
24

4
4

2
2

-

*

12
1

2 1 4 .0 0 -3 2 1 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

•

.

_

-

-

-

-

*

~

-

95
85

72
72

30
30

8
7

2
1

74

-

18
18

3

-

*

*

246.50 247 .0 0 2 2 3 .5 0 -2 6 4 .5 0
243 .00 242 .5 0 2 1 7 .0 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

-

_

1

-

2

2

14
14

21
20

38
31

45
34

20
16

18
12

2
1

2
2

2 5 9 .0 0
2 36 .00
274 .50
320 .00
2 60 .00

$120 to
$120 to

252 .00
231 .0 0
286 .50
313.50
267 .0 0

2 1 6 ,5 0 -3 0 7 .0 0
2 0 5 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
2 2 2 .5 0 -3 1 3 .5 0
3 1 0 .0 0 -3 5 1 .0 0
2 1 6 .5 0 -3 0 6 .0 0

190.00 1 6 5 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
170.00 1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
2 18 .50 2 1 7 .5 0 -2 5 6 .5 0

$ 1 3 0 ; and 3 at $130 to
$ 1 3 0 ; an d 6 a t $130 to

-

*
12
* * 12

7
7

*

2

$140.
$140.

a t end o f t a b le s .




32

8

4

-

“

12
6

6
*

6

-

-

*

-

-

1
1

•
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

*

~

*

“

13
2

-

-

-

*

•

*

-

11
11
-

_

.

-

•

*

*

"

-

.

-

.

*

*

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

“

•

-

-

-

-

-

Table A -3 . A verage w ee k ly earnings of o ffic e , professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex.
in N e w ark , N .J ., January 1977
A v e rage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
heurs 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings ^
(standard)

Average

Average
(m ean 2 )

( mean2 )
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Number
W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry division

FINANCE

210
74
136
67
59

{ « . »
152.50
3 7 .0 146.50
118.50

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

wEN

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------

of

3 8 .0

F IL E CLERKS - CONTINUED

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
$

ft.r

r 11*U w L U ''''i 1 vL*Avw A

3 9 .5 213 .0 0
^00
ACvQUN I INv) C L tN r j

67

ALvUvN 1i l ’ U

"■ ■ •* ** **
1»J
116

3 9 .5 255 .0 0
3 9 .0

FINANCE

3G *
■
3 8 .5 2 1 3 .0 0

r lL t

3 6 .5

,

vLLn ixi 1 LLAbb L
86

39.0

122*50

LLM J j A
37 5 169.50

146*00

NONMANUFACTURING • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ■
122

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS 8

39 .0

141

207 .5 0

208 .00

,,
w
MANU r Ab 1UK lNu
NONHANU'AvIUHlNb

"**

"

m

30 .0
n A r iU f

Av 1U“ IN v
3

"""

■■■
2 .5 9 5
260
92

2 0 4 )00
244 .50

165

37^5 175.50

2 .1 5 7

3 7 .0
37 .0

3 6 .0
3 6 .0

148.00
1 4 7 .j 0

SERVICES

1 .0 36
456
580
55
51

J L v A U 1A n I L J t w L A jj u

1 .1 88
150

242 .50
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
38 .0

1T r l 3 l 5 *

LLA55

A

198.00
38 .0 2 46 .50

IT K I3 I30

IL A 3 5

D

1*387

3 8 .5 2 26 .00
185.00
3 8 .5 2 42 .50

166.00

821
186
635

3 7.0
3 9 .5
3 6 .5

84

■■■

37. j

152.50
154.50
151.50

140.50

- - - - - -

v
.
"

1 .0 04

130.00
142.00
182.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




^« /

2 13 .50
2 15 .00

215
376
238

f vL A

N U N n A N U r A v 1 UKlNu

225 .50
240 .00
213 .50
2 55 .50
2 42 .50

323
101
«Iwv n t 1Al'

155.00
O

__ _
124

j ERVICCS
f

145.00

9

84

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical!workers, by sex,
in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
A verage
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

Number
of
w o ik en

W eek ly
hours 1
[standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

p r o f e s s io n a l

and

Number
of
w o ik en

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

A verage
(m e an 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
[standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

t e c h n ic a l

OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

COMPUTER OPERATORS MANUrAC 1UKINC

COMPUTERSYSTEMSANALYSTS
MANUFACTURING

CONTINUED
“

■ ™

™ j—
™
4 1 8 .0 0

MAvfUNt d lL L t H i

3 0 4 .5 0

70

COMPUTLK Or ui'AIUK5? CLAlu C

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
466

3 7.0

3 55 .50

187

3 6 .5

103

3 7 .5

197.00

327 .00

69
146
nANUr Av 1UK INvr

3 7 .0

174.00

FINANCE

™
2 8 6 .0 0

nANUrAC 1UK1No
NUNHANUr AC 1UK INU
nnULLj ALL

1KAUt

"""

501

3 9 .0

"

2 8 5 .5 0

172
38
MANUr AC 1UKINC * ” • * “ * • .5 3 07 .50

173.50

vn u ttu A L L THAUr. _ ■ •
FINANCE

206

3 9 .5

161

MANUFACTURING

236*50

3 9 .5 262 .00

<
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING • • • • • • • • • • * * ■ * "

NUNnANUr AC 1UK INC
178
___ „
M A N U r AC 1 U N IN O
NUNMANUr AC 1U K I N u

276
••■ • * “ " " " "

3 5 .5

166.50
164.50
167.50

90

39*0

"

2 8 4 .5 0
298 .50
2 7 9 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS

185
K t 1A IL

3 9 .5 250 .00
??4,5Q

8-

1KAUt
CLASS C *
119

246 .50

783

38 ,0 2 26 .50

FINANCE
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

vvl^r U 1tK j Tj 1L™J n '. mLT J 1J

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( BUj I ^
MANUr ACTURING
NQNnANUr ACTUNINU

69

2 31 .50

CUMHU 1LK bT i 1

All AL T j 15
\2s

FINANCE

A
See footn otes at end o f tables.




39 .0

N Q N M A N U r A C I U H lr iU

10

354 ,50

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
A verage
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours *
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------FINANCE

278
25

37.5
38 • 5
37 eO
35.0

$
265.00 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) 295.00 CONTINUED
255.50
306.00
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

11

of
workers

104

38 eO 223.50
210.00

See footnotes at end of tables.

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivision

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

JGeO

-

265.00




W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

307.50
, or_

Average
(m ean 2 )
Number

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

CLASS A
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

39.0 217.00

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977
H o u rly ea rn in g s 4

'''l u m b e r

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

4 .90
U n d er
,

s tr a ig h t- tim e

h ou r ly

e a r n in g s

o f ----

S

$

s

s

s

s

s

$

$

4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5

.60

5 .8 0

6.00

6

.20

6 .4 0

6

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5

.80

6.00

6.20

6 .40

6.80

7 ,2Q

7 ,6 0

41

-

12
10
2

9

*

*

S

$

4 .4 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

S

$

S

$

J

I

7•60

8*

00

8 .40

8 . 80

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

G
O

M ean 2

r e c e iv in g

S
4 .2 0

oo

Occupation and industry d ivis ion
w ork ers

o f w o rk e rs

s

N um ber

40

8 .80

9 . 20

9 .6 0 1 0

$
.8 0

7

.20

s—

and

4 .0 0

,20

■O
o

4

.00

o v e r

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS — —
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- -----

338

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS —
m a n u f a c t u r in g

NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----

^ .2 4
7 .1 4

^•53
7 .7 2

1

226

.2 1 6 .5 8 -

1 .7 2
7 .7 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

112

7 .4 6

7 .5 3

5 .9 7 -

7 .8 7

*

-

*

*

“

*

3

901
777

7 .0 6

6 .9 6

6 .1 8 -

7 .7 2

-

-

-

-

6 .9 4

6 .7 7

6 .1 3 -

7 .7 2

-

-

-

-

124

7 .8 1

7 .7 3

7 .0 8 -

8 .3 8

-

-

-

-

70

7 .8 4

8 .3 8

7 .1 9 -

8 .3 8

-

-

-

-

3

33

91

71

86

99

27

211

59

84

91

71

76

75

21

-

-

10

24

27
-

178

-

33

38

84
-

•

*

*

*

*

4

20

-

8

38

-

-

8
8

2
2

8
8

4

18

33

41

12

4

18

26

41

12
11

15

*

15

3

21
11

-

16

•

39

24

106

48

107

39

45

98

9

85

-

16

-

39

24

10
10

106

48

107

31

44

93

8

85

236

96

63

133

195

38

128

146

87

44

64

230

84

33

127

177

38

119

145

57

7

24

201
201

•

6

12

30

6

18

9

1

30

37

40

*

*

24

39

475

58

*

*

-

2
2

_

•

“

_

•

-

3

-

“

*

3

*

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS —
MANUFACTURING ---------

626

6 .8 9

6 .5 8

6 .1 3 -

7 .7 2

•

•

-

611

6.88

6 .5 8

6 .1 3 -

7 .7 2

-

-

-

-

1 .5 3 0
1 .3 0 2
228

6 .5 1

6 .1 8

5 .5 4 -

7 .2 8

24

14

-

20
20

-

14

32
26

•

24

*

6

-

6 .1 8

5 .4 7 -

6 .8 1

-

-

7 .2 8

5 .7 5 -

7 .9 5

*

“

6 .8 5 -

7 .8 3
-

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

58

10

58

-

31

-

59

39

463

58

65

-

-

-

9

59

27

463

49

18

•

-

-

-

36

4

4

-

*

12

*

9

47

*

*

*

-

_

42

MAINTENANCE TRAOES HELPERS ----------MANUFACTURING--------------— ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------(TOOLROOM)

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---MANUFACTURING -----------STATIONARY ENGINEERS
-MANUFACTURING

5 .5 0 -

7 .2 9

7 .7 0

6 .3 2 -

7 .7 2

.

-

_

•

•

1

24

31

5

101

69

7 .2 5

7 .7 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

31

5

95

69

28
24

7 .6 7

7 .7 0
7 .5 3

6 .3 2 -

58

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

7 .0 8 -

7 .9 5

-

-

“

-

-

-

*

*

6

*

4

95

7 .0 1
6 .9 7

6 .8 1

6 .2 8 -

7 .7 0

15

-

9

4

6 .8 1

6 .1 8 -

7 .7 0

15

*

327

7 .2 5

309
166

7 .6 1

6 .3 2 -

7 .2 3

7 .6 1

6 .3 2 -

5 .0 6

7 .7 7
7 .7 7

*

*

2

6

“

9

*

*

59

13

12
1

*

14

-

-

4 .8 2

4 .7 2 4 .7 4 -

5 .4 6

77

4 .7 6
4 .7 4

5 .1 6

-

6

8

3

28

89

5 .2 6

4 .7 6

4 .7 2 -

5 .9 6

2

-

6

6

31

-

-

•

1
1
“

•
*

12
10
2

80

-

-

•

80

-

“

*

16

60

133

151

10

60

74
74

127

139

21
6

5

31

31

5

24

30
19

15

*

7

11

12

6

20
20

15

34
33

2
2

11
11

6
6

4

5

16

4

-

16

7 .0 5

6 .4 8 -

7 .8 9

•

-

•

•

-

_

-

.

4

676

7 .1 1

6 .9 6

6 .4 0 -

7 .4 7

*

-

“

*

“

*

“

-

4

12
12

8 .7 9

-

•

1

_

•

-

-

_

-

-

4
4

*

"

*

BOILER TENDERS ---------MANUFACTURING------

211

6 .2 6

5 .9 2

5 .6 4 -

6 .3 1

10

•

1

6.21

5 .8 7

5 .6 5 -

6 .2 9

8
8

-

183

12
12

W o r k e rs w e r e distribu ted as fo llo w s:
W o rk e rs w e r e distrib u ted as fo llo w s:

-

4 at $10 to $10.40; 8 at $10.40 to $10.80; and 2 at $10.80 to $11.20.
2 at $10 to $10.40; and 19 at $10.40 to $10.80.

See footnotes at end of tables.




4
4

7 .1 8

-

*
**

13
13

792

“

12

9
9

105

2
2

*

*

13

4

9

-

18

*

9

1

1

5

7

-

16

31

7

-

-

*

8
8

-

-

18

1

*

-

-

8

36

100

-

13

-

*

-

68

-

.

.

•

68

-

*

-

•

•

9

10
10

*

6

13

16

17

*

9 .4 4

*

3

“

7 .9 5

-

4

*

6 .5 8 -

-

3

-

*

6 .9 6 -

15

93

8 .6 2

8.12

18

-

5

8 .6 2

7 .8 9

-

31

6.5e-

7 .9 3

-

33

-

4

10

6 .5 8 -

7 .7 7

33

-

17

6 .5 8

146

3

312

3

6 .5 8

209

327

13

10
10

7 .3 2

-

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

31

50
5

4

7 .3 2

6 .6 9 -

-

55

93

254

7 .8 9

-

9

8
8

254

7 .8 6

*

-

6
6

4

-

355

-

12

-

12
12

.

_

-

30

10
10

-

-

-

34

-

-

6

24

8 .4 5

-

-

5

7 .8 3

-

6

-

3

-

19

7 .6 1 -

-

-

3

14

7 .7 0
7 .7 8

•

•

-

10

7 .2 0

88

-

•

18

7 .6 5

1

-

-

28

112

"

-

4

-

9

-

5

692

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

9
-

-

5

635

-

•

-

-

89

3
3
-

4

7 .7 2
7 .8 3

750

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER S
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ----

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING

6 .4 6
6 .8 1

6 .1 8 -

* 14

96

20

-

*

7 .5 5 -

14
•

-

-

3

33

-

-

-

3
-

10

7 .2 4

7 .6 1

6
6

93

7 .6 6

7 .6 6

-

103

6 .3 2 -

6 .5 1

2
11

9

6 .5 4 -

7 .4 0

7

9

-

6 .8 5

7 .4 9

119

33

-

6 .8 5

6 .9 1

13

2

4

-

7 .0 4

149

126

33

3

16

6 .8 1

786

35

9

16

-

152

935

12

*

_

183

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTUfiING ------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------•HOLESALE TRADE -----------------

7
7

"

-

MAINTENANCE p a i n t e r s —
MANUFACTURING ---------

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

20
20

37

6
35

9

6
6

9

8
1
44
44

12

19

2
2

119

-

119

-

86
86

139

24

46

47

•

47

24

46

47

-

12
6

66

17

42

-

17

36

66

-

6

1
1

61
61

-

-

1
1
-

•

23

2
* *

21

8

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of rr ^ . . a \ movement and custodial workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977
Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings o f—
s
2.4 0
Mean

2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

S

S

2 .6 0 2 .8 0

S
3 .00

S
3.2 0

$
3.4 0

S

S

3 .60

$
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

s
S
S
$
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .8 0 5 .2 0

S

S

5 .6 0

6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0

S

S

1 ------ 1 ------ 1 ------ i —
7 .6 0 8.0 0 8 .4 0 8.8 0 9.2 0

S

and
under

•
M
O

Occupation and 'industry d ivision

4

and

1

Hourly eamings
Number
of
workers

2.6 0 2,8Q 3 .0 0

3 ,20

3.4 0 3 .6 0

3 .80 4 • Q 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .8 0
Q

5 .2 0 5 .6 0

6 .0 0 6 .4 0

6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8.0 0 8.4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0

over

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

$
Ju

( • JO*
7 .6 8 -

1 .8 55

1

30

1

57

_ __

060

10 Xf bJ

J3

6e 66*
9*3^

10

363

*

3.5 0
J

6

10

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
389

7 .2 0

8

5 .7 6 -

16

30
Jj

18

20

144

71

7 .0 0

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
1U I

K I* IrtN 1KA 1LiLK /

108
15

5 .2 0 -

189

49

429

JJ
1

6

J
1

1J

fj
*

0

32

899

92

84

29

38

i

3

5 .0 9 26
28

32

62

51

i

52

277
56

5

19

J • Jti
58
50
8

232

69

56

223
220

-

1

-

15
1
10
2

69

1

6 .2 1 -

RETAIL

trade

------ ----------------------

172

* W o rk e rs w e r e distribu ted as fo llo w s :
at $13.60 to $14; and 2 at $ 14 to $14.40.

4*62
4 .7 7

3 .7 4

2 .7 2 - 7 .4 7

27

24

9

ij
2

11

8

7

4

3

i

2

8

81
192
6

57

-

-

-

-

-

2 at $9.60 to $10; 1 at $11.20 to $11.60; 3 at $11.60 to $12; 4 at $12 to $12.40; 6 at $12.40 to $12,80; 14 at $12.80 to $13.20; 79 at $13.20 to $13.60; 35

See footnotes at end of tables.




u

13

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
N um ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings

an d

in d u s try

S
s
s
i
S
3.4 0 3.6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

3.4 0

3.6 0

T ----------- ~5----------- - J -----------

2.4 0

of

d iv is io n

s
3.2 0

2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3.2 0

O c c u p a tio n

2.6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0

■J—

N u m ber

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

s
S
—
1 ----------- s
S
S
1----------- 1 ----------- T ------------ S--------s
S
4 .4 0 4 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6*80 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 0 9 .2 0

j

and

M id d le ran ge 2

under

3.8 0 4 .0 0

4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .8 0

s .? n

5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0

6 ,8 ?

7 ,2 0 7 ,6 0 8 .0 0

8 ,4 0

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUEO
1*671

$
5.8 1

$

$
$
5 .1 6 - 6 .8 2

52

13

78

10

424

423

25

37

163

191

40

192

108

12

27

22

1

5 .1 4 - 7 .6 9

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS

45
39

(OTHER
19b
18
62

75

18)

84

27

1

_

i
Jv

479
g u a r d s

348

230

41

78

84

:

w a t c h m e n

:

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS

6*606

3.6 1

3 .1 0

2 .5 0 - 4 .5 1

5 • 34

--------

1812

633

586

317

402

149

200

167

297
265

5 .3 4 - 5*63
1
1

<.•80

j

C "

J

o

QU

300

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




493

275

22

19
1

J J J

508

14

-

-

-

T able A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m ain ten an ce, toolroom , p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m o vem en t,
and custodial w o rkers, by sex, in N e w a rk , N .J ., January 1977
Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

A v erage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POhERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

A v e rage
[m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

338

Average
[m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
$
7 .2 4

Number
of
woikers

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

4 ,9 7 6

$
7.4 1
1,181

llA r

M A IN |t N n N v t

n . »,

181

1K A U t

" " "

_

rIM vM I N 1 j 1 3

7.5 0
7 .6 7

286
817

f ln U L tL j A L l

3 ,9 7 0
1 ,8 54
1 .9 65

9 .3 5
6 .8 2

w nU LL j ALC

1 K A U r.

*

4 ,6 7 5

l 1 N A I L C '> »
K L 1A I L

1 KAUC.

“

1 f j JU
M A N U r A t 1U K

m a in t e n a n c e

IN o

" " " "

1 ,3 02

7 .0 0

(OTHER THAN TRAILER)

m e c h a n ic s

M A n U r A v 1U i ' l N w

—

--------- ------------

* • • • • ” * * * *

985
261
724

6 ,4 3
,

6 .6 6

3.7 1
3 .7 2

-

58

7 .6 7

N L 1A I L

1K A U L

—

m

3 *^

"

3 C K V Iv tv

MAINTENANCE SHEET-MFT»L WORKERS

------

M JLLW H iO n 1o

M A IN |t N A N v u

95
88

7.0 1
6 .9 7 SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS

------------

250

5 .4 0

JC f

1H A U L J

# ^^

' itl,r i n o

77

4 .8 2

2 ,0 9 7

5 .1 3
254

558
48

7 .3 2

5 .6 9
5 .7 2

177

v A N 1 | U K !) ,
A I 1ONAKT

—

m m

209

164

n A n U r A v IVJn i n u

5 .4 5

I t 1*8

7 .9 3

3 .9 6

2 ,1 8 5

M A N U r A L 1U M l N u

'6 .1 3

■

181

See footn otes at end o f tables.




r\JK 1 t H o ,

ANU

L L tA N tK J

tN w l N t L K 3

15

1,241




Table A -7.

P ercent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for

em plo ym ent shifts, for selected occupational groups
in N e w a rk , N .J ., fo r selected periods
J a n u a ry 1975
to
J a n u a ry 1976

In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

J a n u a ry 1976
to
J a n u a ry 1977

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s
__ ___
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
__ __
U n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s

7.5
7.0
7.9
8.7
6.8

6.0
5.1
7.7
8.0
6.2

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l _
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s
U n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s

6.4
4 .0
7.1
7.7
9.2

6.5
5.3
7.7
8.0
6.6

8.6
8.2

5.6
5.0

(‘ )

( 6)
5.9

.

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
____ _
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ________________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s ________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s

5.5

at end o f ta b le s .

16

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Newark, N.J., January 1977
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num
ber
Occupation and industry division
w
orkers

Average
weekly
houis1
(standard

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

s

S
90
Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

S
100

s

S

S
110

120

130

3

S
140

150

s

S

s
160

170

180

190

S
S
S
s
S
S
S
S
S
S
340
320
300
260
280
220
230
200
210
240

and
u n d er

and

-

340 o v e r

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

320

-

4
4
2
2

16
16
6
10

48
48
4
44

85
9
76
76

129
47
82
2
5
75

342
214
128
6
8
10
104

429
270
159
3
17
9
127

462
321
141
2
13
5
111

460
310
150
14
3
5
109

441
309
132
13
13
8
80

403
276
127
3
15
2
76

370
258
112
31
12
4
50

289
180
109
26
11
5
35

253
137
116
26
8
3
16

576
374
202
26
30
7
16

324
184
140
56
22
1
16

142
54
88
23
16
2
6

57
36
21
3
9
•
4

62
5
57
26
6
*

26
5
21
4
4
-

3 7 .5 285 .00 2 87 .00 2 6 1 .0 0 -3 2 7 .0 0
3 6 .5 2 83 .50 2 85 .00 2 3 4 .0 0 -3 3 5 .0 0

.

-

•

.

-

•

-

-

*

-

*

*

2
2

•

-

3
3

-

•

-

2
2

2
-

7
7

1
1

5
3

14
9

20
5

8
5

14
13

*11
7

AU. WORKERS
SECRETARIES ----------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE -------FINANCE --------

4 ,9 1 8
2 ,9 8 9
1 ,9 29
264
187
78
957

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7.0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 8.0
3 6 .5

s
2 06 .50
2 06 .00
208 .00
247 .00
2 33 .50
181.00
177.00

$
$
$
2 0 0 .5 0 1 7 3 .0 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
2 00 .00 1 7 5 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
2 01 .50 1 6 8 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0
2 42 .50 2 1 6 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
2 32 .00 1 9 3 .5 0 -2 7 2 .0 0
173.00 1 5 0 .5 0 -2 1 5 .0 0
173.00 1 5 3 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —

89
57

SECRETARIES. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
FINANCE ---------

769
379
390
56
222

3 8 .0
39 .0
3 7 .0
38 .0
3 6 .5

2 36 .50
2 47 .50
226 .00
260 .00
2 04 .00

2 30 .50 2 0 7 .5 0 -2 6 5 .0 0
243 .00 2 2 5 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
215 .0 0 1 8 5 .5 0 -2 5 8 .5 0
2 62 .50 2 1 9 .5 0 -3 2 1 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0 1 8 1 .0 0 -2 2 3 .5 0

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

6
6
6

10
10
8

15
15
3
6

20
2
18
13

19
2
17
12

43
7
36
1
33

37
5
32
4
20

47
10
37
3
31

74
39
35
3
25

102
61
41
10
26

68
46
22
3
14

98
77
21
•
14

85
65
20
6
9

54
33
21
6
5

39
30
9
2
-

39
1
38
15
-

9
1
8
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE —
F IN A N C E ----------------

1,930
1 ,1 62
768
170
130
281

3 8 .5
39 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

2 17 .5u
216 .50
2 1 9 .5 0
235 .50
2 28 .00
182.00

215 .0 0 1 9 1 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0
213 .0 0 1 9 5 .0 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
215 .50 1 8 1 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
237 .00 2 1 5 .0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0
2 31 .00 1 9 0 .0 0 -2 6 4 .5 0
181.50 1 6 5 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

•
-

2
2
•
-

4
4
-

2
2
2

7
7
7

10
2
8
2
5

43
1
42
3
6
32

90
20
70
3
14
51

106
56
48
2
8
37

172
116
56
13
2
40

219
159
60
9
9
41

222
176
46
10
34

236
175
61
28
8
23

145
114
31
13
8
7

123
87
36
20

212
105
107
47
17
-

68
6
62
15
13
-

10
3
7
-

9
3
6
1
-

6
6
3
-

1

244
137
107
12
26
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ---------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE -----

2 ,1 2 2
1 ,4 16
706
434

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

183.00
184.00
180.50
156.00

175.00
176.00
173.00
155.00

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

-

2
2
2

10
10
10

109
45
64
62

281
213
68
66

317
248
69
63

336
261
75
62

241
187
54
34

184
145
39
19

132
90
42
9

58
42
16
2

34
5
29

61
4
57

228
158
70

13
9
4

-

•

-

•
•

42

72
9
63
63

879
223
656
173
197

3 8 .0 187.00 188.50
39 .0 185.00 184.00
3 7 .5 188.00 191.50
3 6 .5 2 09 .50 2 13 .00
3 6 .0 147.00 145.50

1 5 6 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0 -2 1 6 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

-

.
-

6
4
2
2

56
8
48
48

45
11
34
24

72
28

78
18
60
41

59
15
44

62
14
48
12
7

80
17
63
26
3

63
32
31
18
2

103
5
98
62

38
19

101
38
63
9

25
6
19
8

19
19
4

•

5
27

68
23
45
10
10

42
4

44

-

•
•

•
-

.

437
69
368
145
95

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
36 • 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

•
-

•
-

6
4
2
2

49
8
41
41

33
8
25

33
5
28
10
3

31
1
30
10

42
1
41
21

15
1
14
14

76
3
73
56

16
1
15
15

11
3
8
8

3
1
2
2

8
a
4

•
•
-

-

•
•

•
-

38 .0 198.00 2 01 .50 1 6 7 .5 0 -2 3 1 .0 0
39 .0 197.50 199.00 1 7 5 .0 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
3 7 .0 198.00 2 01 .50 1 6 3 .0 0 -2 3 1 .0 0
3 5 .5 216 .50 2 1 1 .5 0 2 0 0 .5 0 -2 3 0 .5 0
36 .0 156.50 156.50 1 4 5 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

-

„
-

-

7
-

38
16
22
5
3

48
31
17

27
2
25
6

26
3
23

22
5
17
6

11
•
11

-

-

•
•

.
-

4

90
35
55
1

•
-

-

-

•
•

•

.

.

•

13
2
11
8

13
1
12
6

15
12
3
2

6
6

STENOGRAPHERS -------MANUFACTURING ---------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
F IN A N C E --------------- STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
FINANCE --------------STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ------MANUFACTURING ------ ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------- FINANCE — ------------------------

442
154
288
28
102
69
65
55

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTURING ---------FINANCE ----------------TYPISTS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------FINANCE

*

1 ,3 03
369
934
107
692

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o llo w s :

176.00
1 5 6 .SO
179.50
208 .50
137.00

176.00
148.50
185.50
213 .00
133.00

27
8
19

43
12
31

25
8
17

35
18
17

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

7

9

19

31

17

7

12
12
12

4

12
12
6

4

3
3
3

13
13
13

10
10
6

3
3
1

180
23
157

203
53
150
138

239
106
133
115

136
48
88
6
74

95
33
62
3
SO

52
14
38
8
29

84
11
73
35
11

49
8
41
22
11

4

-

4

4

.

-

-

-

-

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0
36 .0

140.00
140.00
139.50
193.50
133.00

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 6 7 ,0 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

1
1
•

31
2
29
28

-

154

$3 8 0 ; an d 1 at $440 to

See footnotes at end of tables.




10

34
7
27
5
10

•
_

1 a t $360 to

35
6
29

15

45
20
25
14

31
13
18
2
7

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

$3 6 0 ;

33

12
3
9

152.50
152.50
152.50

9 a t $340 to

44

-

-

3 6 .5 155.00
3 6 .5 149.00
36 • 0 146.50
148.00
146.00
149.00
199.00
135.50

44

4

17

4

$460.

4
4

153
56
97
1
82

4

4

2
•

4

4

4

23
23
4

9

1

-

-

•
-

9

1
1

-

7

-

-

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g , s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
Number
of
worken

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

5

5

90

w eekly
hours1
(standard

M ean *

M edian *

M idd le range £

s

100

s

s

S
110

120

130

$
140

150

s --------- s
1 --------- 1 --------s
i —
s
220
210
160
170
190 200
180

s

s

s

230

240

s

s

260

280

1

300

and
u n d er

100

-

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

28Q

3Q0

320

46

13

CONTINUED
$

$

$

$
1

29 7

nAnUr A v 1UK1NO

^">3

A“ 4 # b 3 " i 7

t

•

by

.3

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 3

_
36

1

g

C L A JO

b

m. m -t

mm m

2

£

2

1

137.00
r IL L

C L L K A CLAj j

C

■■■■

*0 ' • j

J ' *vU

1

23
MLjJLrt v L K j

""

t ■■ ■
t

j
l

2

3

2
r IL C

m

—

1

JJ
J " lo J | j'J
1

70

177.00

16

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

8

14

1
1

1
UnULH CL l H j
IV

AJ

NONNANUr AC 1U K ANo

*■*

74b

3 7 .5

192.50

183.03

1

1 4 2 .5 0 -2 4 2 .5 0

28

57

85

48
1

48

50

47

26

26

103

21

67

57

1

A L L u v W 1I N v

CL l K j
IV

f

LL A J j

A

FINANCE

1

See footnotes at end of tables.




320

340
and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

TYPIS TS

--------- 1 --------

18

*

340 o v e r

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Newark, N.JWJanuary 1977— Continued
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workeR

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f --S

Average
w eekly
houn 1
(standard]

M ean *

M edian *

M iddle range *

s

%

90

100

s

s

s

110

120

130

s

s

140

150

s

3

160

170

s
180

s

S

190

200

s

S

210

220

S

230

s

S

$

240

260

280

and
u n d er

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

CONTINUED
$

A v U J U l i 1 An O

vL u K rv j i

v* L. A

o

—
J

$

$

$

m
'l
J A
* T O * 0 0 ™ d C lT * J J

138.00

132*00

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

NONHANUFACTUMNG:
dOf »

3 9 .0

j

3

172.50

22

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

44

54

53

77
12

31

28

3J

1
NnU LC

j

ALl

1R A U L

• '—

155.00

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

i

g
J A

A ( J o U 'J

8

58

87
-•*

l

g

39

37

12

18

17
61

13

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
143.50

136*59

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

See footn otes at end o f tables.




31

1

lo o

37*5

320

340
and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS -

"S

S

300

19

8
2

1

1
1
1

1

320

340 over

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Newark, N.J., January 1977
Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
N um ber
of
w orker?

%

S

$

A verage
w e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

%

$

s

$

s

s

S

s

$

i

$

s

s

s

$

i

s

—

M ean *

M e d ia n *

M id d le ran g e *

140
,
and
under

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

150

Occupation and in du stry d ivis io n

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

over

-

-

6

8

8

15

11

23

1

U nder
...
140

and

ALL WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

$

$

366 .00
3 74 .00

3 3 1 .5 0 -4 0 3 .0 0

$

1
---------------------------------------------

293

3 8 .S 367 .5 0

413

MANUFACTURING

3 6 .5

j

. -u
J

J J J# J J

t

-

-

-

-

-

32

38

41
45

41
115
58

15

59

22

31
35

31
60

10

10
39

10
49
8

3

6
6

2

22

8

6

1

i 1 .3 y

10

3 1 3 .0 0 -3 8 2 .0 9

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
' OU J i N L j j » .

vLA j j

A

4 0 9 .0 0 3 98 .50
412 .5 0

27S

3 7 5 .0 0 3 7 4 .0 0 -

16

4 4 1 .0 0
460 .50

£

23

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
l b U j 1N L j o ^ 9

l

LA bo

3

I*

.

1

50

70
16

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
l B u i i l i t OJ ' f l L A j J L " " "

317 .00 2 8 2 .0 0 3 26 .09 3 0 0 .0 0 -

W U n n A N u r A C 1U K 1 N O

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)

736

3 39 .00
3 65 .00

3 7 .5 2 81 .50 2 7 2 .0 0 2 4 0 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

11
*

1

2

3

6

11

59

95

117

134

22

52

53

7

11

-

24

7
8

2

3

23

•
“

20

10

-

33

16

—

92

18
13

“

i

-

i

333 ^0
1

1
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).

FINANCE

*

i

*

“

“

b

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

*

(B U S IN E S S ).
1J

6
1

£! d 3 J
.
.

246
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

' . (jj

1

20
16

5

24

1

2 5 S .0 0 -2 8 4 .0 0

80

8

63

*

1
1

7
1
6

-

-

*
*

2

1

*
*

*

2
2

i
*
l
*

*

(B U S IN E S S ).
35

1

2 30 .00
2 28 .00

49

1
COMPUTER'OPERATORS ----------------------------------- --------

729

3 7 .0 217*50 2 14 .00

1 8 5 .5 3 -2 3 3 .5 0

19

16

21

31

47

66

70

130

160

45

50

34

308
ULAbb M

3 6 .5

195.00

195.50

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 5 .5 0

17

16

17

27

29

33

45

59

20

15

9

6

2

8

3

""""
36
9

See footnotes at end of tables.




33

20

i

1

6
6

*
*

1

i

JO

tv H r U 1L m U<LnA1v n j f

i

1

6
•
6
*

•
•
*

•

-

-

-

-

-

*

*
*

*
•

*

*
*
*

**
*

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Newark, N.J., January 1977— Continued
W e ek ly e arn in g s 1
(s ta n d a rd )

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f --S

A verage
w e e k ly

s

S

S

S

i

3

s

S

%

i

a

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

S

(sta n d a rd

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

260

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

460

520

150

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

363

360

400

440

480

520

over

7

14

13

10

-

1

1

2

-

-

-

1
«

-

-

*

*

1
-

2

10

-

-

140
M ean *

M e d ia n ^

M id d le r an g e ^

and

$

and

140

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
COMPUTER OPERATORS -

CONTINUED
407

3 7 .0

2 1 7 .5 0

$
2 1 8 .0 0

$
$
1 9 2 .0 0 - 2 3 0 .5 0

46

69

105

23

2 2 1 .5 0

2 1 2 .0 0

1 9 4 .0 0 - 2 3 8 .0 0

6
-

39

3 9 .5

8
-

2S

100

2

-

6

13

13

27

16

6

11

2

307

3 6 .5

2 1 6 .0 0

2 2 1 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0 - 2 2 6 .0 0

8

6

5

14

19

26

33

42

89

17

27

11

145

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------- — ----

3 7 .0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0 - 2 0 3 .5 0

6

6

5

14

15

21

32

31

8

1

4

117

1 5 6 .0 3 - 1 8 8 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0

11
*9

10

14

17

18

22

0

14

12

13

10

13

6

7

2
-

3

10
10

12

13

10

8

4

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ---NONMANUFACTURING ---FINANCE ---------------------------

3 7 .0

1 7 4 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0

B1

3 6 .0

1 6 8 .5 3

1 6 6 .0 0

66

3 5 .5

1 6 1 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0 - 1 7 5 .5 0

9

DRAFTERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING — -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------- -

673

3 8 .5

2 7 7 .0 0

2 8 0 .5 0

2 2 7 .5 0 -3 2 2 .0 0

6

2

14

14

12

9

25

320

4 0 .0

2 5 5 .0 0

2 5 5 .0 0

2 0 6 .5 0 - 3 0 1 .0 0

6

2

13

12

11

6

353

3 7 .5

2 9 7 .0 0

3 0 6 .0 0

2 4 3 .0 0 - 3 3 3 .0 0

-

-

1

2

1

3

DRAFTERS. CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING

212

3 8 .5

3 2 1 .0 0

3 1 4 .5 0

2 8 2 .0 0 -3 6 8 .5 0

•

146

3 9 .5

2 9 6 .5 0

2 9 8 .0 0

2 6 7 .0 0 - 3 2 2 .5 0

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------

300

3 8 .5

2 6 1 .0 0

2 9 6 .5 0

2 3 9 .5 0 - 3 2 0 .0 0

90

4 0 .0

2 4 9 .0 0

2 4 2 .5 0

2 1 8 .0 0 - 2 8 0 .5 0

210
79

3 8 .0

2 9 5 .0 0

3 0 9 .5 0

2 5 7 .0 0 - 3 2 6 .0 0

67

58

58

24

33

42

33

26

51

17

23

26

12

19

23

13

26

13

3

2

4

10

18

17

24

10

22

1

*

1

3

27

16

•

4

12

19

14

-

-

-

-

24

6

4

5

-

11
-

1

7

70
14

47

12
-

40
13

39

4
-

1

-

-

-

-

12

27

15

8

23

56

42

16

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

32

12

15

11

3

3

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

16

3

3

“

*

•

~

“

•

•

34

8

10

74

12

13

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

6

I P

-

-

-

-

_
*

-

-

9

-

-

36

16

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

-

2

12

11

2

7

8

10
•

26

1 7 3 .0 0

10
9

2 2 1 .5 0

2 1 7 .5 0 - 2 6 3 .0 0

-

-

-

2

1

3

1

29

8

10

1 9 4 .5 0 -2 6 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

89

33

36

88

106

37

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES — —
MANUFACTURING-----------------------— -----

lH l

3 8 .5

102

3 9 .0

2 5 7 .5 0
2 4 4 .5 0
2 3 8 .5 0

2 3 5 .5 0
2 4 5 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0

2 1 2 .0 0 - 3 2 1 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0 - 2 6 3 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0 - 2 5 3 .0 3

-

-

•

-

•

-

5

240

“

•

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS B-

-

-

-

2 3 4 .5 0 - 2 6 9 .0 0
2 3 4 .5 0 - 2 6 2 .0 0

*

•
-

-

12

2 5 2 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0

-

-

-

2 6 4 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0

-

3

60

14

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1

35
34

-

129
98

1

30

13
13

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A MANUF AC TU RIN G -------------------------------

1

28

2

2 2 8 .5 0

22

18

-

2 3 7 .0 0

15

25

-

4 0 .0

3

18

-

540

13

25

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS — ---------------

27

10

3 1 0 .0 0 - 3 5 1 .0 0

1 9 2 .0 0

24

35

3 1 3 .5 0

2 3 7 .5 0

39

4

2 1 7 .5 0

3 7 .5

t )6

41

3 2 0 .0 0

4 0 .0

106
48

1

2 1 S .0 0

76

-

-

1

.

2
2

6 at $120 to $130; and 3 at $130 to $140.

See footn otes at end o f tables.




68

3 7 .0

150
74

W o rk e rs w e r e distribu ted as fo llo w s :

-

*
60
19

-

•
•

-

1

3 8 .5

DRAFTERS, CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

*

-

-

-

•

2

«
-

38

21

-

-

-

18

2

9
9

-

-

10

20

26
24

4
4

2

*

*

1

*

*

*

*

13

8

3

2

74

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

10
4

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

6

49

24

2

45

58

57

21

28

39

15

20

21

28

11

10
4

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge estab lishm ents in N e w ark , N .J ., January 1977
Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eek ly
heurs *
[standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

A verage
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
w o ik en

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivision

Number
of
w o ik ea

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

$

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

HEN

Number
of
workers

A b v v U I* 1 i l l v

L L L n lN j

—*

■■■

aa" s a

•

$

•
516

1 98

3 9 *0

1 7 8 .0 0

211

3 7 .5

2 2 4 *0 0

00

3 8 .5

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 4 9 .0 0

187

3 8 .0

2 0 1 .5 0

3 6 .0

1 4 8 .5 0

72

3 6 .0

1 6 7 .5 0

3 6 .0

1 3 5 .5 0

71

3 8 *0

1 6 7 .5 0

483

2 1 3 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0

3 7 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

1 7 5 .5 0

1 9 7 .5 0

FINANCE
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS

90
77

3 6 .5

55

2 2 8 .0 0

3 9 .0

65

2 3 1 .0 0

3 6 *5

154

690

136

.

. .

-----------------

y y p j^ y o

V K c. 1 A n I t J
a

—™

4 ,9 0 7

3 8 .0

2 0 6 .5 0

1 Tr 151 i f

w LA55

n

r ATKULL

f l A N U i AW 1 U i ' l n u

L L C .K i\j

—" ™ ""“ “ ,a

1IIA v w

«

78

3 8 .0
3 6 .5

1 7 7 .0 0

88

3 7 .5

2 8 3 .0 0

766

3 8 .0

2 3 6 .5 0

387

3 7 .0

2 2 5 .5 0

3 6 .5

3 7 .5

1 4 5 .0 0

1 ,1 9 9

3 7 .5

230
578

3 9 .0
3 6 .5

1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0

363
836

3 9 .0
3 6 .5

82

1 8 1 .0 0

957

808

3 7 .0

1 8 8 .0 0

235

3 5 .5

1 7 5 .5 0
2 1 1 .0 0

342

n Ci 1 A Aw

3 6 *0

1 5 1 .5 0

2 0 4 .0 0

MA N U r

r IL L

AL 1 U K

in to

• • • • •

v L u K IV 5

■■■■■

“ " "

545

3 7 .5

1 7 6 .5 0

1 3 6 *5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

3 5 .5

1 6 5 .5 0

3 9 *0

1 7 3 .0 0

332

1 3 3 .5 0

3 9 *0

187

3 7 .0

176
151

476

3 6 .5

3 4 8 .0 0

53
222
1 ,9 2 4
n A fiU r A v I U n i lr U

■■ ■■ ■

1 ,1 6 0

NONM ANUr A t lu K iN u
3 9 .0

1 4 7 .0 0

2 1 6 .0 0
1 4 1 *6 9

NONMANUFACTURING

J L ^ n L 1An I t U L A J J

U

J a a —" "

Ba"

1 8 3 .0 0

434

3 6 .5

1 5 6 *0 9

n iU N n A N U r

AL 1 U K

1 4 1 *0 0

IN u

i [ f 'CNCER'*

139
55

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

875
652

1 7 6 .5 0

169

? 7 ft

1 7 7 .5 0
3d • 5

UKULH t L L H I x b
MANUFACTURING

1 7 6 .6 0

3 8 .5

1 6 2 .0 0

433
69

3 9 .5

364

3 7 .5

1 7 9 .0 0

364

3 7 .0

4 1 0 .5 0

141

3 7 .0

2 0 8 .0 0

127

3 8 .5

4 0 8 .0 0

135

3 6 .5

3 7 9 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0

*
77

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

1 3 7 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




22

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge estab lishm ents in N e w ark , N .J ., January 1977— Continued
Sex,

3

occupation, and industry d ivision

W eek ly
hours 1
standard)

Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )
Nupiber
of
w oikcn

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry division

Number
of
wo ike n

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN--CONTINUED

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS - CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

Number
of

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

$

NONMANUrA v l U
1 Dv 5 *

Pit j j

1♦

LLAj j

D

|55

" " "
112
304

50

n lN u

“

3 6 .0

1J J

3 5 9 .0 0

112

3 t7 . j 0

(B U S IN E S j )

3 5 8 .5 0

r

JW J

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
» ♦

"

3 4 6 .0 0
3 6 .0

FINANCE

l DU«} in L o b

L

" " "

vL Aob v
.
37

FINANCE

0

616

3 8 .5

2 82 .00

CUMrU 1tK rKUvKAHnl,K3
CLASS A

(D U ^ irit^ o f a

3 4 0 .0 0

3 7 .0

3 1 0 .0 0

3 7 .5

2 7 8 .5 0

55

3 5 .0

52

104

47

3 9 .5

2 2 4 .0 0

FINANCE
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E SS ),
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E SS ),
i/ * T i i n v a .
MANUr ACTUKlNv?

NuNMANUrAv1UKINu

J 10 • 3 J

—
—

3 8 .5

3 2 4 .5 0

vvHrU 1t h rKUwKAnntKg

(

oUw iriu db l a

LV J

FINANCE

180

3 6 .5

FINANCE

2 7 1 .0 0

a ..

3 6a -5 --

FINANCE

t L t t 1n U N 1 L J

2 1 3 .5 0

1 t v n i l 1 v, 1 AiN J I

C LA j j

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS

FINANCE
See footn otes at end of tables.




23

B-

r-

,

^a

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in N e w a rk , N .J ., J an u a ry 1977
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

4

M edian *

M iddle range

2

S

$

s

S

$

$

i

s

$

*

S

»

$

S

S

S

i

s

r

3 .8 0
Mean 2

$

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .60

5 .8 0

6 .00

6 . 20

6 .40

6 .80

7 . 20

7 .60

8 .00

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

7 . 60

8

and
under

and
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

4 .6 0

5 .2 0

5 .0 0

5 .6 0

5 .4 0

5 .80

6 .0 0

6.

e .20

A£L

6

*8fl_

7 .2Q

♦ 0 0 -8

8 .8 Q

.40

over

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

9 .2 0

WORKERS

$
M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

$

$

$

220
108

7 .1 7
6 .8 7

7 .0 0
6 .8 1

6 .0 2 6 .3 2 -

7 .6 2

-

112

7 .4 6

7 .5 3

5 .9 7 -

7 .8 7

*

539

7 .7 7

7 .2 9

7 .1 1

6 .3 4 -

431

7 .0 9

6 .8 1

6 .3 2 -

7.77

108

8 .0 8

7 .1 9 -

8 .3 3

8 .3 3

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

8

7

12

37

6

3

-

-

-

*

-

10

2

6

8

9

33

2

2

6

•

-

2

-

35

-

7
-

30
23

13

-

3

4

33

7

11

-

3

.

26

63

61

95

47

81

26

9

63

57

9

-

-

-

-

-

13
-

62

-

-

9

-

-

93
69

13

-

33
33

9

-

-

•
-

9

-

33

38

81
-

-

-

2

41

70

7 .8 4

7 .7 3
8 .3 8

7 .1 9 -

8 .3 8

*

-

*

-

-

*

*

*

-

*

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

148

7 .0 8

6 .7 1

6 .3 2 -

7.77

.

•

•

.

2

_

-

8

2

8

18

117

6 .8 0

6 .7 1

6 .3 2 -

7 .3 3

-

-

-

-

2

“

-

8

4
4

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

294
279

7 .3 3
7 .3 3

7 .3 8

6 .5 6 -

8 .6 2

7 .3 8

6 .5 6 -

8 .6 2

M A IN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

661

7 .3 8

7 .1 5

6 .5 8 -

8 .5 8

.

541

7 .2 5

6 .8 1

6 .3 3 -

8 .5 3

*

7.77
7.77

7 .6 1 -

7 .6 3

5 .6 6 -

8 .5 4

7 .7 6

7 .6 1 -

7 .7 6

7 .6 1 -

7 .8 3
7 .8 3

7 .4 8

6 .3 2 -

2

8

24
24

-

*

“

S96

7 .6 8

65

7 .3 5

NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

531
531

7 .7 2
7 .7 2

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------— -------

441
384

7 .4 0
7 .3 5

7 .1 8

6 .3 2 -

57

7 .7 2

7 .5 3

7 .0 8 -

85

7 .0 9

7 .0 3

6 .5 3 -

7 .7 0

78

7 .0 6

6 .8 7

6 .5 2 -

299

7 .2 2

7 .5 3

6 .3 2 -

•

-

-

261

7 .2 0

7 .0 6

6 .3 2 -

7.77
7.77

*

*

*

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

116

5 .3 0
4 .9 4

5 .2 7

4 .7 6 -

5 .9 6

-

-

4 .8 2

4 .7 4 -

5 .2 7

*

_

_

“

21
"

1

21

1

7.77

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

*

12
12

_

_

20

•
-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

9

8

38

-

12

9

21

12

-

11

-

24

9

85

_
-

18

26

17

11
11

12
12

69

29

31

69

21

30

19

42

146

36

12

20

39

145

6

44
7

10

29

-

-

-

-

10

10
19

2
-

428

-

2

424

*

10

19

2

9

*14

-

20

20

14

-

17

12

*

-

20

10
9

4

8

85

40

201

49
•

-

-

201

-

4

49

424

49
49

31
18
18

-

•
-

-

3

6

*

-

-

_
-

•

•

-

-

•

-

-

-

31

-

.

-

.

-

•

_

-

.
“

*

*

3

41

13

1

3

26

12

1

-

-

•

*
10
8

_

5

-

5

20
14

69

28

55

31

127

3

30

69

24

112

•

30

-

*

50
5

13

6

31

18

15

3

-

-

-

16
16

8

18

1

18

-

13

-

-

-

17

13

77

17

-

72

-

-

-

-

-

_

3

•

12

*

3

*

12

4
4

8

6

10

93

8

6

10

93

3
3

10
9

_

31

5

_

4
4

MA CH IN E- TO OL O P ER AT OR S (TOOLROOM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

218

7 .6 3

8 .6 2

6 .5 8 -

8 .6 2

a

-

2

-

2

1

218

7 .6 3

8 .6 2

6 .5 8 -

8 .6 2

*

*

*

*

*

8

*

2

*

2

1

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

473

7 .5 5

7 .3 8

7 .0 5 -

7 .8 9

-

.

_

-

.

-

-

-

12

-

_

381

7 .4 7

7 .0 8

6 .9 6 -

8 .3 5

12

*

*

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

257

8 .1 8

7 .9 5

7 .1 5 -

9 .4 4

.

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

4

9

6

-

-

-

-

4

8

*

•

*

*

1

B O I L E R I E N D E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

109

7 .0 3

-

-

9

1

20

92

6 .6 9

9

1

20

141

8 .1 6

8 .7 3

7 .0 1 -

9 .4 4

-

116

8 .2 0

7 .8 9

7 .8 8 -

7 .9 5

*

*

1

6 .0 6

5 .7 1 -

8 .9 1

-

_

_

5 .9 5

5 .6 5 -

7 .3 3

_

W ork ers w e r e distrib u ted as fo llo w s : 4 at $10 to $10.40; 8 at $10.40 to $10.80; and 2 at $10.80 to $11.20.
W o rk ers w e r e at $10 to $10.40.
W o rk ers w e re distrib u ted as fo llo w s :
2 at $10 to $10.40; and 19 at $10.40 to $10.80.

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.

24

4

15
15

-




33

24

77
77

7 .9 5

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

-

7.77
7.77

59

4
4

35

9
9

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

★
★★
★ ★★

1,-----

$

4 .0 0

ALL

o f ---

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earning

$

-

42
36

**

6

13

68
-

68

4
«

2

119

80

-

-

-

2

119

-

30

14

139

64

97

24

46

47

30

14

139

64

5

24

46

47

9

29

12

66

5

21

1

61

5

15

1

61

80

5

4

6

5

3

7

17

*

*

1

2

12

6
6

66

20

6

1

20

3

2
2

11
11

6
6

4

-

4

-

6

-

5

23

1

2
*★ *21

-

16
16

-

1

8

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Newark, N.J., January 1977
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings

O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s try

$

d iv is io n

Mea n2

Med ian 2

Middle range 2

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

s

2 .4 0

Number
of
workers

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

$
5 .6 0

%

$

s

S

$

i

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

and
under
2 .6 0

%

S --------- $
8 .8 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 U

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

87

57

6 .8 0

7 .2 3

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

and

9*20

over

ALL' WORKERS
$

598

8 .0 2
7^17

$
7 .7 8
7 .7 8

$

$

J* (O

878

i J •J 1

6 .2 6 -

7 .7 9

8

3L

6 jj

146
*

_
1

7

12

8

10

402
265

17

30

402

10
10

1

138

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
65
3 f

J

0 • AJ

16

a

*

"

16
1J
75

14

1

1 .8 4 2

1

1

JJ

95

15

C*CP
50

5 .6 6

5 .5 5 *

7 .4 7

5 .9 1

5 .5 5 -

26

J

5 .9 1

26

26

52

92

—

oy

p

UU

5 .6 3

5 .2 7

129

1

6 .1 5

876

HU 1 A I L

5 .5 1

6 .5 1

3 .8 2 -

6 .3 6

27

25

30

■■■
5 .1 6 -

“

57

g

25

6 .6 5

6 .0 1 -

190

135
135

20
J i

628

190

290

1
7.47

15

1200

1

621
5.5s™

15

14

21

19

7 .4 7

2

14

10

1

1

1

1

g

13

78

->6

248

1

8

223

8

30

41

152

65

57

15

63

*

34
1

25

18

6UAR0S AND WATCHMEN S
NONMANUFACTURING:
K C 1A I L

fn H U L

53

m

8

1
10

23

1

88

242

442

GUARDS!
J A

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS

-----

4 .9 9

2 .0 1 1

J
K t l A 1W

1 I.A U C

5 .0 9

4 .5 1 -

5 .3 4

3

25

30

23

no

25

39

431

262

22

108

27

22

-

-

-

i

2 at

$9.60 to $10; 1 at

$11-20 to $11.60; 3 at $11.60 to $12; 4 at

See footnotes at end of tables.




61

3 •

"

* W o r k e rs w e r e distribu ted as fo llo w s :
at $13.60 to $14; and 2 at $ 14 to $14.40.

51

25

$12 to $12.40; 6 A t ,$ 12.40 to $12.80; 14 at $12.80 to $13.20; 79 at $13.20 to $13.60; 35




Table A-13. A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom ,
p o w erp lan t, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w o rkers, by s e x large establishm ents in N e w ark , N .J ., January 1977
Sex,

3

Number
of
workers

occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Average
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL movem ent and c u s t o d ia l
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

----------------------------------------

220
108
112

7 .1 7
6 .8 7
7 .4 6

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS -------------- ----------

539

7 .2 9

----------------------------------------

108

8 .0 8

MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S ------------------ -------------------

146

7 .0 8

MAINTENANCE m a c h i n i s t s ------------------ -------- —

294

7 .3 3

m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r s -------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

n A n U r A v 1U I ' l N u

TRUCKDRIVERS -

4 *4

$

9 .3 7

TRUCKDRIVERSt HEAVY TRUCK

“•

NONMANUFACTURING

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM TRUCK --------------

, 1W A 1

1

MANUFACTURING ------------------ ----------------- ---------

82

MANUFACTURING

72

6 .1 5

621

6 .8 6
7.1 0

-----------------------------------

328
48

6 .8 5
5 .7 2

----------------------

372

s i n

876
747

5 .6 3
5 .4 8

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ------------------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING

---------- -----------------------------

661

7 .6 8

531
531

— ------------- ------------- ----------------

7 .3 8

596

— — -------------------------------------

7 .7 2

NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

---------- ---------- -------------

m a n u f a c t u r in g
H w 1 X ml .

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS —
MILLWRIGHTS

--------------------------------------------------------

n A l N 1t N A l i v u

1K A U L j

5 .8 2

57

1 I V . V/b

* ®®

*

7 .7 2

85

7 .0 9

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------- --------------------------- —

299

7 .2 2

GUAR0S AND WATCHMEN:
NONMANUFACTURINGS

r lL i. '

" " "

3 .7 3
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) -

218

7 .6 3

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------------- --------- —

473

7 .5 5

guard s:

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
NONMANUFACTURING
K t i A 1w

NONMANUFACTURING

----------- -----------------------

BOILER TENDERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------- — -------------------

ii6
107
90

1 rt. U L

—

■■■■■■■■■

—
■■■

1,5 57

—

—

—
*

4 .9 2

63
52

4 .9 2
5 .1 3

™

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

7 .0 4
6 .7 0

SHIPPING PACKERS —
— —
—
—
MANUFACTURING ----------- ------------ ------------------GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
876
279
597

5 .1 2

603

8.20

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
TRUCKDRIVERS ----------- ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

— —

8 .0 3
9 .8 5

— — — —

—

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----HflNUr A t IUK1NV)

See footnotes at end of tables.

26

77

3 .6 6

454

4 .5 3

Footnotes

1 S tan d ard h ou rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s
(e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r an d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e
w e e k ly h o u rs,
2 T h e m e a n is com p u ted f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
the s a m e o r le s s than th e r a te shown. T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d by tw o
ra te s o f p ay: a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r le s s than the lo w e r
o f th e s e ra te s and a fo u rth e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than th e h ig h e r r a te .




3 E a rn in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tific a tio n w as
p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e la te to m en on ly fo r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s . A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te
to m en and w o m en .
6 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

27




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on a r e a w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f its a r e obta ined b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re au f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In e a c h o f the
in t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e ­
phone i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e ach o f the 74 * a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob ta ined f r o m
1
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c ­
tu ring ; t r a n s p o r ta t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin an c e, i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and
the c o n s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d number o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted because o f insufficient e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the oc c u p atio n s studied. S e p a r a t e ta b ula tion s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r each
o f the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e condu cted on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the
scop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is s e l e c t e d , w ith each
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chan ce o f s e l e c t i o n . T o obtain o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m cos t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e c o m b in e d , each e s t a b l i s h m e n t is
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n bia se d e s t i m a t e s
a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it is g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e
o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c hosen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
suit ab le sub stitute is a v a i l a b l e , ad d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a tion s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : ( l )
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4 ) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
a c c ount o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d uties w ith in the s a m e job.
Occupations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.

U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the job
titles a r e fo r a ll industries com bined.
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the
oc c u p atio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f ind iv id u al
e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
S e p a r a te m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d wh en the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an occup ation.
E a r n i n g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r a l l
industries com bined.
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
Earnings
data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b on uses a r e exc lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e bon uses a r e inclu ded.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l occup ations r e f e r to the standa rd
w o r k w e e k (rou n de d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th es e occupations a r e
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w ith in the d i s trib u t io n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s i z e o f the c l a s s i n t e r v a l s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y no t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jobs
a r e a f f e c t e d b y chan ges in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad v a n c e to b e t t e r job s and be r e p l a c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s . Such s hif ts in e m p l o y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g the y e a r . Chan ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g roup s, shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s changes f o r
i n d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
staffin g , and thus c on trib u te
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
in ind iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y
Syracuse, N . Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g jo b s




A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in i n d iv id u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s inclu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n l y the r a t e s paid in cum b ents a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e u s e d in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties
p e rfo rmed.

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e

C om pu ter system s
a n a l y s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
Com puter p ro g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C om pu ter op e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

C arpenters
E le ctric ia n s
P ain ters
M achin ists
M ech anics (m ach in ery)
M ech anics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died
s e r v e o n l y to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s stu died.
These
d iffe r e n c .e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n i n g s data.

In du strial n u rses

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nu rses

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l ha nd lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n ge s f o r i n d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u te d
as f o l l o w s :
1.

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

O ffic e c le r ic a l

O rd e r c lerk s
A ccoun ting c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h i n e
op e ra to rs , class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
Keypunch op e ra to rs ,
c l a s s e s A and B

T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c om p u te d b y d i v i d i n g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch an ge .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d u s e d to c om p ute th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J an u ary 1973, pp. 52-5 7.

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ec reta rie s
Stenographers, gen eral
S ten ogra ph ers, sen ior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile clerk s, classes A,
B, and C
M essengers
Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e used to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y its w e i g h t . T h e p r o d u c ts a r e t o ta l e d to
obta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n ge s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s . W h en the t i m e span b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m on th s , annual
r a t e s a r e shown.
( i t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c on stant r ate
between s u rve y s .)

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p in the
base y e a r.

3.

T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on chan ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a tc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s hif ts a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s inclu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s till a ffe cted by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c u p a tio n when w o r k e r s a r e p aid u n d e r plans
p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d i v i d u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o tt o m o f the ran g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e with ou t a chan ge in w a g e r a t e s .

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r e a c h oc c u p atio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n i n g s in th ose e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; i t i s a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s unch anged.

2.

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s




T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in this b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n f o r th e s e tabula tion s i s c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e ta b u ­
l a ti o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s; p aid h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ;
and h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p lans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

30

Appendix table 1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Newark, N .J .,1January 1977
In d u s t r y d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scope o f stu d y 4

W ith in scope
o f s tu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
Num ber

P e rc e n t

ALL ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL D IV ISIO N S -------------------------------------------------

-

1,202

244

3 4 6 ,3 5 3

100

175,863

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- ----- ----------------- ------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------- — ---------- ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE6 -----------SERVICES7 ------------------------------------------------------------

100

496
706

94
150

159 ,307
187 ,046

46
54

70,2 7 3
105,590

56
175
89
149
237

20
22

11
8
10

32
42

3 7 ,6 2 2
2 6 ,5 6 3
35*901
4 4 ,7 0 2
4 2 ,2 5 8

12

3 2 ,232
12,341
19,161
2 4 ,7 9 7
17,059

135

82

188 ,526

100

146,923

63
72

35
47

8 2 ,0 0 7
106,521

43
57

5 7 ,4 1 3
89,510

13

11

3 2 ,1 4 2
9 ,3 91
2 1 ,8 1 5
3 0 ,8 6 4
1 2 ,309

17
5

3 0 ,948
8 ,7 86

100

50
100

50
50

34

13

LAR6E ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL D IV ISIO NS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE 6 -----------SERVICES7 ------------------------------------------------------------

m a n u f a c t u r in g

500
500
500
500
500
500

8

7

16
29

10

1 T he N e w a rk S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lit a n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O ffic e
o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f E s s e x , M o r r i s ,
S o m e rs e t, and U n io n C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s
show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e and
c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a re n o t in te n d e d ,
h o w e v e r, f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t
tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a ge s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta
c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the scope o f th e s u rv e y .
2 T he
1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a tio n M a n u a l w a s
use d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r, a ll g o v e rn m e n t
o p e ra tio n s a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e scope o f th e s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r above the m in im u m
li m it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts ( w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tra d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n s id e re d as 1
e s ta b lis h m e n t.




15
4

6

,

12

16,680

16
7

2 2 ,0 0 5
11,091

4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t ( w ith in
th e a re a ) at o r above th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - s e r ie s
ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta t io n a re e x c lu d e d .
6 A b b re v ia te d to " fin a n c e " in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s .
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , rented, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s ( e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ) ; and e n g in e e rin g and
a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

31




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o ­
p r i a t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h i s p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b con tent. B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a ti o n a l
conte nt, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th os e
in u s e in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ic a p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n i n g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r h a nd icap a r e a l s o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a i n e e s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th os e r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g in s o m e o f the l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Contin ued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one i n d iv id u a l. M a i n ­
tain s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y independently r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f detailed
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d uties,
u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta sks o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a tu r e and d i f f i c u l t y . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e routine
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E xclu sion s
a. R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s ro u tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r ou te s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
in structed;

E stab lish es,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s

M a i n t a i n s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s

the

s u p e rv is o r's

file s;

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as

N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fi n i t i o n a r e
as f o l l o w s :
a.
d e s c r ib e d above;
b.

d.

R elays m es s a g e s

from

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erform s

s t e n o g r a p h i c and ty p in g w o r k .




sio n a l,

P o s i t i o n s w h ich

do

not

m eet

the " p e r s o n a l "

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e

secretary

d uties;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n i c a l , o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h the duties a r e e i t h e r s u b s ta n t ia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e that th os e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fi n i ti o n ;

concep

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

E x c l u s i o n s — C ontinued

C lass C

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s wh ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
resp on sible techn ical, ad m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o ry, or sp ecia liz ed c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situ ations in the d e fi n i ti o n
duties w h ich a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o f te n , in turn, f u r t h e r su b d ivid e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fi n i ti o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; <jr
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who h a ve a s ig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an i n d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d oe s not in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5 ,00 0
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
person s.
act p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
i n d i v i d u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d i v i d u a l tr u s t a ccoun ts; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s taff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o>£
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d te c h n icia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .*
1
2
3
4
5

C lass B

P r i m a r y duty is to ta ke d ic ta tio n using shorthan d, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M a y a l s o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
M ay op erate fro m a steno­
g r a p h i c p oo l.
M ay occasion ally tran scrib e fro m voic e record in gs (if p rim a ry
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tas k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e f u n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
op eration s, in d u stria l r ela tio n s, etc .) £ r a m a jo r g eo grap h ic o r o r g a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G e n e ra l

keep

D ic t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
Stenographer,

Sen ior

D i c ta ti o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l d r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c du tie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by the
follo w in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p ee d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a i n ta i n i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and rou tin g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
rou tin e q u e s ti o n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

M ESSENGER

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l routine
v o c a b u l a r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s . M a y a l s o type f r o m w r i t t e n
c o p y and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic ta tio n i n v o l v i n g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r who tak e s d ic ta tio n in
shorthand o r b y Sten otyp e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routin e d uties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op ening and d is trib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i ti o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

T YP IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b een m a d e b y a n o th er p e r s o n . M a y inclu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r ti n g and d is tr ib u t in g
in com in g m a il.
C lass A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Typin g m a t e r ia l
in f i n a l f o r m when i t i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l an gu a ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b l e s to m a in ta in u n i f o r m i t y and b a la n c e in
s p ac in g . M a y ty pe rou tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B.
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r routin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc . ;
o r setting up s i m p l e s ta n dard ta b u la tion s; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y s et up and sp ac ed p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C LER K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anua l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fi n i t i o n s .
C lass A .
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s ’] t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tainin g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e this
m ateria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p e s in c on ju nction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
perform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C lass C .
P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b een
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s te m (e .g ., alphabetical, c h ro n o lo g ica l, o r n u m e r ica l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l s ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m an u a l tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a i n ta i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , ou tg oing, and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a ti n g a te le p h on e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty pe o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f
o r l e a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r wh o a l s o ac ts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
Ope ra to r -R e ce p tio n is t.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , ac ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g na tu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s in e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an ap p oin tm e n t; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m erch a n d ise by m ail,
phone, o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s i n v o l v e any c o m b i n a ti o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r s h e e t l i s t i n g the i t e m s to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and qua ntities o f i t e m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r atin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y
h a v e b een f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k shipping i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ac c ou n tin g c l e r i c a l tas k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank ac c ou n ts ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a ccoun ting d o c u m e n ts ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d ac c ou n tin g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a ccoun ting s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n tin g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and ac counting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s no t r e q u i r e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and ac c oun tin g .
P osition s
d e fi n i t i o n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v els

on

the b a s is o f

the

follow ing

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — C ontinued

M A C H I N E B I L L E R --- Continued

C lass A .
U n de r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s ac coun ting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac c ou n ting t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m on g a su b s tan tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac c ou n ting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th rough p r e v i o u s ac cou nting
a c tio n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B ac coun ting c l e r k s .

B ookkeepin g-m achin e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m ac h in e (w ith o r
with out a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u ltan e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c olu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
Works fro m
u n i fo r m and s ta n dard ty p e s o f s a l e s and.
c r e d it slips.

C l a s s B.
U n de r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s t r u c t i o n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routin e a ccoun ting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p os tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p os tin gs a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a ccoun ting d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d i n g
d oc u m e n ts usin g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
a ccoun ting c o d e s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r withou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C lass A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a ccoun ting s y s t e m used .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in e a c h phas e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and ot h e r r e c o r d s by hand.

C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c t i o n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e ac c ou n ts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not
in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc .
May check or assist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l she e ts f o r the a ccoun ting
departm ent.

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o l l s h e e ts .
D uties i n v o l v e :
C a l c u l a ti n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s
b a s e d on t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p os tin g c a l c u l a t e d data on p a y r o l l
s h e e t, showing i n f o r m a t i o n such as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d a y s, t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u ction s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s due.
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g pay e n v e l o p e s .
M a y use a
c a l c u l a ti n g m a c h i n e .
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypun ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alp ha be tic
n u m e r i c data on ta b ula ting c a r d s o r on tap e .
P osition s
d e fi n i t i o n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

levels

on

the

and/or

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to be keypunched f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r ou tin e keypun ch w o r k .
M ay
t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keyp unch o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
W o r k is rou tin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
U n de r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s ta n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ich ha ve b een c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have b een p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p ro b lem s a r is in g fr o m erro n e o u s ite m s o r codes o r m is s in g in form ation .

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PE R A TO R
P r e p a r e s s t a te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than an
ord in ary or e le ctro m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

B illin g-m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m ac h in e ( c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shippin g m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a ti o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c o m p u te d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o ta l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te d by
m achine.
T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s
of'"the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e r a t e s one Qr a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s such as the t a b u la to r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g punch, e tc .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o excluded are o p e r a to r s of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
ac c ou n ting m a c h i n e e q u ip m e n t.
P ositio n s
d e fi n i t i o n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v els

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b ula ting a s s i g n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g un der g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ich
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the natu re
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the use o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R --- C ontinued

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T OR--- C ontinued

t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a to r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e r a tin g se q u e n c e s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in ad d itio n to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s om e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y tr a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a c h in e s such as

C la s s C .
U n der s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tab u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l accou n tin g m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e f ilin g w o rk .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th em by use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s c o n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be used ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data f lo w c h a r ts ); c o o r d in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t c h an ges to ob ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y
accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sc h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C .
W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as f o llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output d ata.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d by th e c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and fo r o b ta in in g
eq u ip m en t.

w ho a r e

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

d ir e c tio n

to

lo w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a s e q u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
W o rk in g fr o m
c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tr u c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c od ed la n gu a ge , cau se the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r s u b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e r a tin g e f f ic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p ro gra m
d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e l a t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n eo u s and the output d ata a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,




B U SIN E S S— C ontinued

37

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C ontinued

C O M PU TER O PERATO R

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific an d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s d ata a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : S tu dies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te r m in e e q u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m en t into
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m in e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

For

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

p ro g ra m m ers a re

c la s s ifie d as f o llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify
th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s tep s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p lan s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f ic ie n t ly u t iliz e the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r eq u ip m en t
m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e d ata e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a c tio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p oin ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f d ata e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c ed by
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input d ata w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d ata h a ve b e en r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and se q u e n c in g o f data can b e te s te d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n der f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y gu id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f .a s s ign m e n ts;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro c ed u re s .




For

w age

study

p u rposes,

c o m p u te r

o p e ra to rs

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r runn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; s ch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the t o ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t l e o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch an ge o r cann ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt t im e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g
sta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
o p e ra to r

C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n der c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equ ip m en t u sed and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in runn ing ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f fe c t o f each ch an ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c om p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .

D R A F T E R — C ontinued

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh ap es, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n com p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r plans-, and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m an u als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k ed f o r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such stan dard e le c t r o n ic
eq u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and hou seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C .
P re p a re -s d e t a il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a rts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u gg ested m eth o d s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad van ced te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
e n ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o m a g n e tic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n derstan d in g o f the in t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
ship s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts (e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p ie s plan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs b y p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p lans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R

W o rk is

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ship s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id ance to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ilit y to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g c o n d itio n .

T h e e q u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t k inds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
equ ip m en t.




C la s s C .
A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o rk in g o*n e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and- co m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m
tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
a d va n ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r ad va n ced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E

R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E — C ontinued

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g to su bsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r

o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plann ing and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t arid m a in ta in
in g ood r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , and s tan d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g s tan d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
s ion s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; plan n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t's
h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
s tan d a rd m a c h in e to o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s tan d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts into m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s such as th e in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to loa d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h a n d tools and
m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g ; K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh .
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s ro iin d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d tools in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g the. m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh ops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e use o f such h a n d too ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts fr o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o to r v e h ic le m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o t o r V e h ic le s )— C ontinu ed

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R — C ontinued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops.

the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In som e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p lyin g, lift in g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; L a y in g
out w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ben d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix t u r e s (s u c h as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t- m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d too ls in c u ttin g, b end ing, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m a ch in e
t o o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g ji g s , fix tu r e s , cuttin g to o ls ,
g a u g es , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m a ch in e
to o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s ta ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id es, stop s, w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to h an d le the s iz e o f stock to be m a ch in ed ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p ee d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sing a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts du ring
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops.

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

In s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w hen ch an ges in the p lan t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h an d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s tan d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd to o ls , equ ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and s p ee d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s ,
cuttin g to o ls , g a u g es , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d ersta n d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la te d e qu ip m en t; u sin g
v a r io u s to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - tr e a t in g m e t a l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m in g s p e c if ic o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied .w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk




F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes n ot
in clu d e to o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R — C ontinu ed

O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .

H ea d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u rn e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r ro o m eq u ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

W AREHOUSEM AN

D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, f r e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r un load tru c k w ith
o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e ep tr u c k in good
w o r k in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e exclu d ed .

A s d ir e c te d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a re h o u s in g du ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e rs ta n d in g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d ocu m en ts, n o tin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v io u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , sta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a re h o u s in g d u tie s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, as fo llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
lig h t tru c k (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
m e d iu m tru c k ( I V 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k ( t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k (o th e r than t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )

T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

O RD ER F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ippin g w o rk
in v o lv e s :
A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the good s
sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and ship p ing c h a n ge s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e rs in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g d a m a ge d
g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y , r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

For

w age

stu dy

p u rp oses,

Sh ip pin g c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c le r k




w o rk ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g
w o r k (s e e Sh ippin g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

fo llo w s :

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f ill i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r
r e la te d d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r s h ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g depen den t upon
the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to be p a c k ed , the typ e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f s h ip m en t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c on ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P ack ers
w h o a ls o m a k e w o od en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

42

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AND W A TC H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lant, s to r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g ;
L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; un pack in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n load sh ip s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u ard .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
g u a rd s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R ,
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g ood s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

tru c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :
F o r k l i f t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a to r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




P O R TE R , OR C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h ou se, o r c o m m e r ic a l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d usting e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lies and m in o r m ain ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a re a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lies la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s
shown on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v il l e ,
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a.—S .C .
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m ont—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T ex .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am p aign —U rbana—R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h e ye n n e , W y o .
C l a r k s v ille - H o p k in s v ille , T e n n ^ -K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o - L a s
C ru ces, N. M ex.
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo r d —
S
K la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s —
R o s e b u rg , O re g .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R ile y —Junction C ity , K an s.
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la.
F o r t W a y n e , Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e r s to w n H
C h a m b e r s b u rg , M d .- P a .
G ad sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
Johnson C ity —K in g s p o rt—B r is t o l,
T enn.—V a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L ared o, T ex.
L a w to n , O k la .
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y .
L im a , O hio
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o re , M d .—V a .—D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n - P h a r r —E d in b u rg and
B r o w n s v ille — a r lin g e n —
H
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M on tan a (s ta te w id e )
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ir e (s ta te w id e )
N e w L o n d o n -N o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r th D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d - S im i V a lle y —
V e n tu ra , C a lif.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r to R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iv e r s id e —San B e r n a rd in o —
O n t a r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s —S e a s id e — o n t e r e y , C a lif.
M
Sandusky, O h io

Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a ria rL o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sh erm an —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
S ou th ern Idaho
S o u th w e stern V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e — o ly o k e ,
H
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u ls a , O k la .
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo —F a ir f ie ld —N a p a , C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U .S.
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Io w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d .
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d — e n n e w ic k , and
K
W a lla W a lla r-P e n d le to n ,
W a sh .—O r e g .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d ito r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tt o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976-, $ 1 .3 5
a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m th e S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in t in g O f f ic e , W a s h in g to n ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u lle tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u perin ten den t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g to n , D . C . 20402.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e
c o v e r i n g the y e a r s 1950 t h ro u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O h io , D ec. 1976 1__________________________________
A lb a n y —Sc h en e ctad y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 _________
A n a h e i m —Santa A n a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O ct. 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
A tl a n t a , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , July 1 9 7 6 ________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1976 1 _________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1976 ________________________________
B u f fa l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 __________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________
C h attan o og a, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1976 ____________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1976 ___________________________________
C i n c i n n a ti , O h io —K y . —I n d . , M a r . 1 976__________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ______________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1976_______________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1976________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 76____________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Isla nd—M o l i n e , Io wa—111., F e b . 1976
D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
D ayto n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 _________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 76 ______________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1976 1 ______________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1976 ________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1976 ____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 7 6 ______________________________
G reen sb o ro -W in sto n -S alem -H igh P o in t,
N . C . , A u g . 1 976___________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1976 1____________
H a r t f o r d , C onn., M a r . 1 9 76 ______________________________
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76_________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1_____________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O c t. 1976_____________________________
J ac k s on, M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1__________________________
K an s as C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1976 1 __________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 76 __________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1976_________________________




B u lle tin s
the b ack
P rin tin g
surveys,

Bulletin number
and p r i c e *
1900-76,
1900-59,

85 cents
55 cents

1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-1 1,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1900-15,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
55 cent s
95 cents
85 cents
75 c ent s
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.05
75 cents
95 c ents
75 cents
55 c ent s
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 c ent s
$ 1.25
55 cents
45 cent s
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1900-14,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
$ 1.40
75 cents
$ 1.50
85 cents
$ 1 .05
85 cents
55 cents

Area
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 *_____________________
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1976 _____________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1977_________________
N a s s a u —Su ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1976 _______________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 _________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 *___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 976________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1976 1__________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H am p ton , V a . - N . C - , M a y 19 7 6 1 ___________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1976 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1976_______________________________
O m a h a ; N e b r . - I o w a , O c t. 1 976__________________________________
P a t e r son—C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 __________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1976 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1
________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1976 ____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s to n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976________
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
W
M a s s . , June 1 9 76 _________________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1976_______________________________________
St. L o u i s , MO.-I11., M a r . 1976 1________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 _________________________________
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1976_________________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 976____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ___________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1976 _____________________________
South B en d , Ind., M a r . 1976 ________________ ____________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 976_______________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , M a y 1976__________________ _______________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1976________________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D .C .—M d . —V a . , M a r . 1976 _______________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 976_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1976 ___________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 ____________________________________________ _

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1900-22,
1950-3,
1900-35,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1900-48,

85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
$1.60
85 cents
$ 1.6 0
$ 1.6 0
$ 1.0 5

1900-27, 85 cents
1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,

85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.1 0
$ 1.5 0
85 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-31,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1900-79,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1900-12,
1900-21,
1900-16,
1950-6,

75 cents
65 cents
$1 .25
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
55 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.1 0

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau off Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region lit

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaC ode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone. 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree S t., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
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Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

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Phone:353-1880 (A reaC o de312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (A reaC o de214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
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Texas

VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
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Colorado
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North Dakota
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