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Area Wage Survey
Newark, New Jersey, Metropolitan Area, January 1976
Bulletin 1900-10
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




c^\0H

j\ T
S&
V

Co.




Preface
T his b u lletin p r o v id e s r e s u lts of a January
1976 s u r v e y o f occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in the N ew ark,
N ew J e r s e y , Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a
(E s s e x ,
M o r r is ,
S o m e r s e t, and Union C ou n ties).
The s u r v e y w as m ade as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L a b o r
S ta tis tic s ' annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ich
is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s as w e ll as n ational and re g io n a l e stim a te s
f o r a l l Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the
U nited S tates, ex clu d in g A lask a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w age
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and
m ov e m e n t of w a g es in a v a r ie ty of la b o r m a rk e ts,
th rou g h the a n a ly s is o f ( 1 ) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n
o f w a g es b y o ccu p a tion , and ( 2 ) the m o v e m e n t of
w a g e s b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y b e u sed f o r
m any p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w age and s a la r y a d m in ­
is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n .
S u rvey r e s u lts a ls o a re
u sed b y the U.S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b or to m ake
w age d eterm in a tion s u n der the S e r v ic e C on tra ct A c t
o f 1965.
C u rren tly , 84 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o ­
g ra m .
(See lis t of a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In
e a ch a re a , o c cu p a tio n a l earn in g s data a r e c o lle c t e d
annually.
In form a tion on e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s
and su p p lem en ta ry w age b e n e fits is obtain ed e v e r y
th ird y e a r .

E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u al a r e a w age
s u r v e y s have b een c o m p le te d , tw o su m m a ry b u lletin s
a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t b r in g s to g e th e r data f o r ea ch
m e tr o p o lita n a rea s u r v e y e d ; the se c o n d p r e s e n ts
n a tion a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d i­
v id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.

The N ew ark s u r v e y w as con d u cted by the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in New Y ork , N .Y ., u nder
the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f A lv in I. M a r g u lis , A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e ra tio n s.
The su r v e y
c o u ld n ot have b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the c o o p ­
e ra tio n of the m a n y fir m s w h o s e w age and s a la ry
data p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo rm a tio n
in th is b u lletin .
The B u reau w ish e s to e x p r e s s
s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

N o te :

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
in the N ew ark a re a is a v a ila b le f o r the m ovin g and
sto ra g e in d u stry . A ls o a v a ila b le a r e lis tin g s o f
union w age ra tes f o r b u ildin g tr a d e s , prin tin g tr a d e s ,
lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to re e m p lo y e e s .
F ree
c o p ie s o f th ese a re a v a ila b le f r o m the B u rea u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f ic e s .
(S ee b a ck c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

A rea W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-10

June 1976

New ark, N ew Jersey,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan Area
January 1976

Contents
I n tr o d u c tio n _______________________________________

Page

Page
2

T a b les^ —
Continued
A.

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in gs:
A -l.
W eekly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s _____________________________ 3
A - l a . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s — r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts____ 6
la
A -2 .
W eek ly earn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _____________ 8
A -2 a . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s — r g e
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ______________________ 1 0
A -3 .
A v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s o f o f f ic e ,
p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x ____________________ 1 2
A -3 a . A v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by sex— rg e
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ______________________ 14
A -4 .
H ou rly earn in g s o f m a in ten an ce,
t o o lr o o m , and pow erplan t
w o r k e r s ______________________________16
A -4 a . H ou rly ea rn in g s o f m a in ten a n ce,
t o o lr o o m , and pow erplan t
w o r k e r s —la r g e esta b lis h m e n ts____17
A -5 .
H ou rly ea rn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and cu stod ia l
w o r k e r s _____________________________18




E a rn in gs— Continued
A -5 a . H ou rly ea rn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and c u s to d ia l
w o r k e r s — rg e
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ____________________ 2 0
A -6 .
A v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f
m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
p o w erp la n t, m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t, and cu s to d ia l
w o r k e r s , by s e x __________________ 2 1
A - 6 a. A v e ra g e h o u rly earn in gs o f
m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la n t, m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t, and cu s to d ia l
w o r k e r s , by sex— r g e
la
e s t a b lis h m e n t s _____________________ 2 2
A -7 .
P e r ce n t in c r e a s e s in a v e ra g e
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , ad ju sted
fo r em p loym en t s h ifts______________23

A pp endix A .
A ppefidix B.

S cope and m ethod o f s u r v e y ________ 24
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s __________27

1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S, Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D .C . 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 85 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
This a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w hich the U.S.
D epartm en t o f L a b o r 's B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics
con d u cts su r v e y s o f occu p a tion a l ea rn in g s and r e ­
la ted b e n e fits.
In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed by
a com b in a tion of p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e stio n n a ire ,
and teleph on e in te rv ie w .
R ep re se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ithin six b roa d in d u stry d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
ta cted : M an u fa ctu rin g; tra n sp orta tion , c o m m u n ica ­
tion,
and oth er p u blic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tr a d e ;
r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l esta te;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry grou ps e x clu d e d fr o m
th ese stu d ies a re g ov ern m en t op era tion s and the
c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u strie s .
E s ta b lis h ­
m en ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n um ber of
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the occu p a tion s studied.
Sep arate ta bu la­
tion s a r e p ro v id e d f o r ea ch of the b r o a d in d u stry
d iv is io n s w h ich m eet p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .

(c ) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m , and p ow erp la n t, and (d)
m a te r ia l m ov em en t and c u s to d ia l.
In the 31 la r g e s t
su r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A - l a th rough A - 6 a p r o v id e
s im ila r data fo r e sta b lish m en ts em p loy in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T ab le A -7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in g s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u rses,
sk ille d m a in ten an ce tra d es w o r k e r s , and
u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s ib le , data are
p r e s e n te d fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s , m an u factu rin g , and
n on m an u fa ctu rin g.
This table p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f
w age tren d s a fte r elim in a tio n of ch a n g es in a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s ca u sed by em p loy m en t sh ifts am ong e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r of e sta b lish m en ts in ­
clu d ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s.
F o r fu rth e r d e ta ils , see
ap pendix A .
A p p en d ixes

A - s e r i e s ta b les
T a b les A - 1 th rough A - 6 p ro v id e e stim a tes
o f s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly o r h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r w o r k ­
e r s in occu p a tion s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty of m anu­
fa c tu r in g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u stries.
O cc u p a ­
tion s w e re s e le c t e d fr o m the follow in g c a t e g o r ie s :
(a) O ffic e c le r i c a l, (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l,

A p p en d ix A d e s c r ib e s the m ethod s and c o n ­
ce p ts u sed in the a rea w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip t io n s u sed
by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s to c la s s ify w o r k e r s by
o ccu p a tion .

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

of
wo

i

$

Number

85
Median*

standard]

Middle range*

$
90

$
95

100

*

$

$
n o

120

S

$
130

140

$
150

160

$

$

*
170

18u

190

%

£00 220

3
>

5
240

i

260

%

*

*
280

3*U

320

and
under
90

and
95

100

130

n o

140

150

69
7
62
-

257
150
107
-

416

160

170

180

190

2u0

726
507
215
17
b
13b
5n

556
342
214
35
26
99
52
7
7

22C

280

240

260

973
553
4 2 ft
4b
3b
154
162

758
532
226
40
57
45

284
97
187
48
29
26
60

237
105
132
25
45

21

49
26
23
14

32

14

300

3 i0

340

77
14
63
7
17
b
33

Z)d

20

i6
6
16

3
17
9
3
-

over

ALU WORKERS
6 ,5 4 8
3 ,8 6 3
2 ,6 8 5
277
307
1 ,3 4 8
660

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

$
1 9 1 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0
1 9 5 .0 0
2 2 8 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0

$
1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0

$
$
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 4 9 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 ,0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 4 5 .5 0

c l a s s a ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------

218
96

------------------------------------------------------

52

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

2 3 1 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0
2 3 4 .5 0
2 1 7 .0 0

2 2 5 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0 - 2 5 7 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 8 4 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS 8 -----------------------------

1 .0 3 3
438
595
58
57
338
95

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

211.00

2 0 9 .0 0
2 2 4 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0
2 3 6 #50
2 3 5 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 C -2 4 3 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0 -2 8 5 .5 0
2 1 8 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

2 ,5 5 5
1 ,5 4 1
1 ,0 1 4
177
193
367
249

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .0
3 8 .5

1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0
2 1 7 .0 0
2 2 6 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0
1 7 5 . 0 0 - 2 1 4 . CO
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 4 1 .0 0
19 9 .5 C - 2 4 2 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 5 3 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0 -2 6 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------

PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ------------------------------t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

wholesale
finance

SERVICES -----------------------SECRETARIES,
finance

m an ufa ctu rin g

--------------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ------------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------------------------f i n a n c e -----------------------------------------------------s e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -------------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------------------------f i n a n c e --------------------- ---------------------------—<
•

SERV IC ES --------------------------------------------------SECRETARIES. CLASS D ----------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------f i n a n c e ------------------------------------------------

122

2 ,7 4 2
1 ,7 8 8
954
26
591

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
4 0 .0
3 6 .0

2 2 2 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0
2 4 2 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0

201.00
1 9 7 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0
2 2 3 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
2 3 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
2 0 8 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0

180.00

2 4 5 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

3 6 .5

1 4 6 .0 0

J o .O

1M1 * 5 n 1
*b0

TYPISTS. CLASS A --------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------

861

3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

3 6 .0
3 7 .5

1 3 2 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0

13
-

35
14

21
18

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1

-

1

-

-

-

1
-

1

-

-

5
-

21

1

21

-

-

-

-

*

-

5
5
-

1

3
-

1

3
•
-

-

-

-

-

7

-

7
7

2
-

-

-

18

33

-

2
1

-

-

1

27

1

-

-

1

19

40
7
33

31
4
27
-

3

-

33
14
19

-

-

5
-

1

1

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

5
54
-

-

5.
5
-

83
15
-

212
204
4
14
174
3

13
177
25

15
190
31

2

12

1

12

-

21

29
-

21

18
7

la

42
25
17
-

47
18
29
4

186
125
61

768
512
256

1

29
-

6
8

540
308
232

-

-

1

8

13

-

4
-

11

5

4
3

11
1
1

48
5
43
-

48
5
43
3

-

6
23

1

90
38
52
-

4
39

8

390
265
125

-

347
194
153
-

59

143

n o

2

60
16
44
-

113
23
90

54

29

43

14

13

47
15
32
5

90

7

89
25
64
5
33
26

72
14
58
-

4

9

8

11

747
489
258
16
25
163
50

71
35
36

10
22
68

1

27

6

266
189
77

8
8

54

6

450
318
132
106
35
5
30
15
3

-

77
33
44

1

-

22
17
287
175

112
12
15
69
16

22
28
-

-

9J
3b
5o
>
3

87
27
b0
3

1
41
b

49
4

Jus
225
80
9
b
61

299
183
116

372
281
91
3
61

300
225
61
34

109
70
39

4^
4*
do

20

2

db

16
S

d
195
81
114

12
15
7c

1
1

553
393
16c
34

22

21

47

70
29

21

204
63
14 1

80

168

120
48
4
9
26
7
327
237
90
19

44
5

22

12

8

52

1
1

2J

3

1
1
80
56
24

2
6
15
1 b9

28

141
43

22

74

1

96
71
25

6

14
4

10

-

3

17

-

34
34

5
-

1
1

5
5

1
1
6
*

-

21

1
1

-

7
14
7

lo

“
157
92
bb
c

39
9

i

80
21

165
76
69

8

75

20

11

2
10

34

33

62

52

44

18

61
14
42

66

2
1

-

3

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

7

1

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

190
32
158

135
42
93

187

56
16

21

20
2

5

1

-

18

24
15
9

17

121

63
17
46

16
13

4

8

19

96

157

89

115

36

8

V

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

4

2

2

6

9

7

-

3

-

2

-

-

-

4
-

-

15
97

-

3
•
-

.
-

112

2
-

4
-

-

19

-

2

4
_

-

-

•

6

b

_

5

19

c

-

-

2

2

-

14

-

-

-

13

-

6
-

3
-

_

13

-

5
-

-

22

-

d
-

-

56

1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 5 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

-

5
-

-

46

2

7

-

■

b9

9

24

1

21

-

-

21
1
1
8

12

4

1

45

22

-

5

14
-

-

-

-

9

22
14
8

-

1 3 4 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0

2

7

2

83
14
b9
h4

62 121
8 46

6

2

29
5
24

5

20

5

lOO
9
91
17
29
-

27
14
13
-

1
-

10
1

21

-

6

3

2

9

3

b

19
17

10

3
3
17

-

1

8

34
5
29

214
149
65
14

103
132
31

54
9

13

j

3
7
7

1
8

-

-

-

-

-

£ »0 0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

2

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




13
-

8

”

-

1 4 3 .5 0

212

FINANCE ----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

1

-

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE TY PI ST S ------------

650
26
546
58

-

-

1 8 2 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 0 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0

211

-

_

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 5 .5
3 7 .5

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------WH OLESALE t r a d e ---------------------------------FINANCE — — — — — — — — —
SERV IC ES ----------------------------------------------------

-

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 0 i.5 0
1 7 2 .0 0 -2 0 6 ,5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 3 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 C -1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0

931
334
597
137
116
326

s t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r -------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

1
-

-

1 8 2 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------FINANCE -------------------------------------— ------------

-

-

1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

-------------------------

-

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 f -1 8 9 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 C -1 9 9 .U 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

gen eral

-

-

671
183
488
158
181

stenographers,

1 5 1 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 C -1 8 5 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 9 4 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

—
-

3

-

66

40
15
23

4
17

1

8

-

2

-

8

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1976— Continued
N um ber o f w o rk e rs re ceivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

s

$
85
Mean *

Median *

Middle range 2

s
90

s

S

$
95

100

no

$
120

130

1 -------- s
140
150

s

$

$
160

170

$
180

S

$
190

200

$
2 20

$
240

$
2 60

s

£
2 80

300

$
3 20

and
under
95

100

no

120

180

87

vLA 5 j
29
31

19

4
85

7

5

33

125

130

170

30

14

12

90

3 40

and
140

150

14

18

160

190

2 00

220

2 40

a sp

260

300

320

3 40

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

3

5

AL L W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
$
1 3 2 .5 0

1 .6 6 4
484

w h o l e s a l e

t r a d e

------------------------------

1 04

3 8 .5

170 '"O
1 7 0 .5 0

$

____

$
$
1 1 6 .0 0 1 2 2 .0 0 -

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

2

22

132

1 T'
83

^ 66

244

bf

24

24
1 7 3 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

9

13

10

1

*Ca
65

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

28
Ikllso

1 1 0 . U u w 1<- j . j U

37

78

55

47

53

32

1 14
,

ff

216

;

28

06

cc

15
13
w

14
1
13

n

36

ri

r —

■

10

218

19

-

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

1 1 3 0C
1 1 9 .5 0

55

3

1

-

91

51
38
13

59

51
23
28

31
13
18

1

12

1

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

10

23

19

14

1
8

18

19

20

1 3 4 l0 0

21

23
24

25
14

66
42
24

127
57
70
23

J

8
1

2

'TRVICE''

67

3 7 .5

3 7 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 4 6 .5 0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 -

-

-

-

42

87

28

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

576

43

88
74
14

12

44

31

37

36

26

42

35

20

57
30

5 21

38
18
18

£

133
89

105
60
45

76

21

31

26

27

10

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




1

64

1
19

•*Q n

4

-

J

87
59

6

cjco u lJ

til*??
84

3

9

33

35

1

43
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

1j j . b v

1
35

1

1 3 2 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
38*^

82
61
21

34

.
14

27

38

13

42

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Newark, N.J., January 1976— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
( starelard)

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f—
$

S

*

$

1

Average
weekly

S

$

$

S

%

S

$

$

%

$

% %

$

(standard)

90

95

100

no

120

130

1 A0

15 0

160

170

180

19U

200

220

2A0

260

280

3UQ

320

1 -----3 A0

90

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

95

100

no

120

130

1 A0

150

16 0

170

180

190

200

220

290

280

...280

300

320

3A0

over

-

A
4
4
-

-

2A
A
20
15

98
26
72
2
65

1A8
35
113
4
ii
78

191
106
85
9
18
5A

2A 9
121
128
4
2A
79
1A

161
78
83
17
19
22
2A

116
65
51
8
16
15

69
21
A8
17
17
5

55
26
29
19
e

76
9
67
67
-

91
26
15
6
8
i

17
2
15
13
2
-

4
-

56
-

4
A
-

56
AA
1?
-

-

6
6

8
8

-

9
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

12

-

-

4

4

4

-

29
1A
10

38
30
8

13

8
-

6
6

3
-

«

-

3
3
-

-

11

5
5
-

-

71
51
20
3
16

51
2A
27

5u
23
27
3
ao

77
19
63
95
6

A8
16
32
21

25
-

53
-

25
8

53
2A

11
7
4
4

3
3
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

125

36
4
39

7
3
4
4

1A

11
1
10

2

4

98
33
65
63
2

-

a

5

-

85
M” " '

Median *

Middle range*

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . C L A SS 8 ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------- ------- --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------------- -------------------

1.3 0 0
519
790
212
1A 1
336

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7.0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
JO. u

$
1 55.50
1 51.00
1 58.50
1 99.00
1 66.00
133.50

$
1 A 7.50
1 A 8.00
1A 7.5C
1 91.50
1 5A .00
1 32.50
a-'-r.-'V

$
$
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
13 6 .0 0 -1 6 A .0 0
1 2 8 .50-177.00
1 7 3 .5 C -2 2 6 .5 0
1 A 0.0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
12C .0C -lA 5 .O 0

3

IAS
1 0A

3 6 .5
3 7 .0

135.50
1 30.00

1 35.00
12A .0C

1 0 5 ,0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .00-156.50

--------------------------

91

3 7.5

1 57.00

1 A 5.00

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------ -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — --------- ----------------------

165
103

62

3 7.0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 66.50
1 63.50
1 71.00

1 65.00
165.00
165.50

1 A 7 .0 C -I7 9 .u 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .50-182.00

KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R S , C LA S S A ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------wholesale
tkade — — — —— — —
f i n a n c e ------------------------------------------------------

659
232
A 27
121
187

3 7 .5
3 9.0
3 7.0
3 8.5
3 6 .0

1 77.50
168.5C
182.00
207 .0 0
1 5 A . 50

1 67.00
163.00
176.00
1 9 8 . OC
1 52.00

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 A 7 .0 C -1 8 3 .5 0
1 5 0.00-201.30
1 9 5 .5 C -2 3 J .0 0
1 A 5.0 0 -1 6 5 .3 0

-

KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R S . C LA SS 8 ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

1,012
302
710

1 5 3.50
1 5 6.00
1 5 2.50
1 7 8.00
1 65.50
1 38.50

1 51.00
1 53.00
150.00
181.00
173.00
131.00

1 3 0.00-17J.00
1A 0.0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 2 7.0C -17j.u a

112
322

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 5 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

87
85

3 7 .5
3 7 .S

1A 0 . 0 0
1 39.50

131.00
131.00

ta b u la tin g

C LA SS

C

BILLERS

- machine

194

1 6 5 .0 a -1 9 1 .5 u
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5j
1 2 2 .0 r-1 5 6 .5 0

operators,

-----------------------------------------------

1 2 6 .0 0 -1 A 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 O -1 A 7 .O 0

-

1^

AA
39

1
1

18
18

18
18

*

44
8

5

7

1A

17

16

2

*

20
20
-

15
3
12

22

-

5
5
-

3
3

-

B OOKKEEPI NG- MACHI NE OP ER A TO R S.
C LA SS 8 --------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------BILLIN G-MACHIN E

-

52
22
30
27

87
A2
A5
9
20

113
28
85

119
67
52

119
59
65
20
2
91

119

26

27
98
3A
A1
21

2

6

5

-

*

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

9
-

9

-

-

7
-

“

9
9

2

2

12

117

111

-

-

2

2

116
32
BA

-

6

2
68

6
6A

3
26
59

31

13
13

2A
2A

10
10

19
19

.
“

.
-

-

-

-

11
106

-

1

1

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
10

5

2
5

17

99

11
9

12
10

2
72

A9
70
23
7

2
12

-

c

16

•

1A
1A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

•

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

-

-

-

•
-

•

•

•
-

-

-

-

-

2

-

10

•

-

-

-

Table A-1a.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Newark, N.J., January 1976
Weekly earning! 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number Average
weekly
hours1
,0* re (standard) Mean 2

M u m b e r of workers rece iving straight-time weekly earnings of-$
85

Median 2

Middle range2

S

$
90

r*
95

I
100

*

s

$
no

120

130

3
140

s
150

$
160

*

i

170

18 v

I
190

$

s

$
200

220

240

S
260

S

$
280

300

5
320

and
*under

340
and

90

95

100

$
$
165.00-220.00
16 6.00-215.t O
’
163.00-229.00
199.5C-243.00
196.50-261.50
149.0C-190.00

-

-

1

-

1

37.5 273.00 271.50 242.00-307.00
36.5 274.00 2 6 2 .5 c 235.00-320.30

-

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

over

13
13
8

17
17
14

47
1
46
43

180
100
80

305
155
150
4
6
130

349
219
130
7
114

606
422
184
11
10
146

503
341
162
16
11
114

492
342
150
15
4
97

421
277
144
35
11
75

757
455
302
46
18
102

644
467
177
40
38
34

254
83
171
46
25
22

194
89
105
23
22
8

61
14
47
7
8
6

41
S
36
8
2

20
3
17
9
3
*

19
2
17
1
4

.

•
-

1
1

•

2
2

_
-

“

_

-

5
5

13
9

18
10

14
3

7
3

9
7

10
9

7
5

36
10
26
1
21

53
20
33
b
23

61
21
40
3
33

140
65
75
12
53

145
no
35
4
25

78
54
24
2
15

91
67
24
7
7

34
5
29
6
3

21
21
11
*

5
5
-

8
8
-

240
167
73
26
7
39

451
346
105
34
13
45

301
222
79
19
35
5

155
20
135
41
18
*

80
5
75
16
16
-

20
5
15
1
5
*

11
3
8

5
2
3
*

4

_
-

-

no

ALU WORKERS
$
194.50
191.50
198.50
228.50
230.00
171.50

$
18 9.0C
186.00
192.50
220.5,0
233.50
168.00

S E CR ET AR IE S ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------------FI NA NC E ----------------------

4,924
2,975
1,949
269
175
966

SE CR ET AR IE S* CLASS A ---------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

b4

SE CR ET AR IE S. CLASS B ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T IL IT IE S -----------FI NA NC E ----------------------

750
357
393
55
233

36.0
38.5
37.0
38.0
36.5

2 2 2 .0 0
229.00
2 1 6 .0 0
243.50
196.00

2 2 0 .0 0 192.00-247.00
230.00 210.00-247.00
206.00 179.0 c - 2 4 a . 00
237.50 2 0 3 .0 0 - 2 8 b .3 0
194.00 173.00-217.00

-

-

SE CR ElARIES. CLASS C ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -----------W H OL ES AL E TRADE ------------f i n a n c e -----------------------

2,016
1,253
763
174
116
260

38.5
39.0
37.0
36.5
36.0
36.0

203.50
199.00
2 1 1 .0 0
218.50
224.50
179.00

200.00 179.00-225.50
198.00 179.50-216.00
207.00 178.50-245.00
217.00 198.00-242.30
233.50 201.50-250.00
180.00 165.00-194.00

_
-

_
-

SE CR ETARIES. CLASS D ---------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G — -----------F I N A N C E ----- --- ------- — — -

2.072
1,333
739
452

38.0
39.0
37.0
36.5

172.00 167.00 151.00-186.00
172.50 169.00 153.00-185.00
171.00 165.00 145.00-197.50
151.00 150.00 140.00-164.00

-

ST EN OGRAPHERS. GE NE RA L ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U BL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------f i n a n c e --------------------- -

456
87
369
152
100

38.0
39.5
37.5
36.5
36.0

164.00 160.00
147.50 141.00
168.00 168.50
186.50 189.50
135.00 133.00

137.50-193.00
13 2. 00 -1 59 .uO
140.50-197.50
174.00-199.00
126.00-145.30

s t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r ----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ------- — —
n o n m a n u f a c t u p i n g -------------f i n a n c e ----------------------

474
179
295
115

38.0
39.0
37.0
35.5

184.50
180.00
187.00
149.50

184.50 15 4.00-207.3y
184.5C 155.50-207.30
190.00 154.00-213.30
149.00 137.50-159.30

t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e t y p i s t s --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------f i n a n c e ----------------------

82
77
72

t y p i s t s , c l a s s a ----------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------f i n a n c e ----------------------

529
155
374
316

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PU 3L IC U T IL IT IE S ----------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------- FINANCE ---- ----

905
222
683
104
78
464

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING •
FINANCE --------

tit

92
74
65

38.0
39.0
37.0
37.5
38.5
36.5

-

-

.
-

*

_

-

1

10

10

8

15

1

10

10

8

15

“

*

-

8

6

6

12

33
5
26
3
21

1
1
-

5
5
1

1
1
-

3
3
2

13
4
9
6

34
7
27
4
6
13

57
22
35
4
Jo

207
159
48
8
3
36

197
127
70
12
7
51

231
164
67

*

_
-

7
7
7

15
15
14

34
1
33
33

157
96
61
59

262
148
114
111

277
197
80
72

364
258
106
87

270
204
66
42

208

15b
50
22

120
89
31
3

161
44
117
2

185
131
54
-

3
1
2
-

9
6
3
-

*

•
*

.
*

.
-

_
-

3
2
1
1

12
4
8
8

53
14
39
35

56
16
40
“
25

67
23
44
8
16

32
7
25
10
10

35
5
30
15
3

33
2
31
20
1

44
44
26
-

79
14
65
44
1

34
34
24
-

5
5
5
-

3
3
-

-

_
-

*
•
-

-

.
-

-

“

“

1
1
1

5
5
5

12
4
8

24
4
20
20

55
22
33

20
8
12
11

45
22
23
10

bb
40
25
b

14
2
12
2

122
50
72
-

56
8
48
-

14
14
*

1
1
-

-

.

33

40
19
21
20

-

•
-

-

“

13
13
11

8

12
12
12

16
16
16

9
9
7

7
7
7

•

8
7

12
12
12

19
19
19

85
6
79
78

109
32
77
76

93
33
60
60

63
36
27
25

41
13
28
26

45
16
29
13

21
4
17
8

13
11
9

-

-

135
26
109
9
97

171
65
106
8
87

143
52
91
4
2
77

129
26
103
11
3
80

59
21
38
19
16

31
6
2b
11

2b
1
24
21
1
2

9

14

75
10
65
27
33
5

3
3
3

2
2
2

12
12
12

16
16
14

20
20
18

7
4
2

5
3
2

2

1

.
-

-

37.0
39.5
36.0
36.0

141.50 134.50
145.50 141.00
140.00 130.0C
131.00 127.50

122.00-153.50
130.00-157.00
117.50-155.30
116.00-141.00

-

-

37.5
39.0
36.5
37.0
38.5
36.0

138.00
133.00
139.50
170.50
180.00
126.50

119.00-149.00
122.00-142.00
118.00-15J.3C
157.00-182.30
143.50-191.00
111.50-140.00

~

7
7
7

11
2
9
8

86
13
73
71

-

.

3
3
3

9
9
9

150.00 136.00-166.00
145.00 134.50-153.30
143.00 128.50 -1 51 .3 U

-

-

"

-

*

2
2
2

See fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .




-

1

129.00-160.00
128.50-156.00
129.50-155.30

37.0 153.00
36.5 142.50
36.0 138.00

.

16

1

-

36.5 147.50 147.00
36.5 144.00 145.00
36.0 144.00 145.00

133.50
130.00
134.00
173.00
173.00
124.50

71

6

8

9

2
52

c

-

9
6
3

13
1
12

-

-

4
*

.

5

13
11
2

4
-

5
1
4

5
5

3

21
2
19

-

.
-

21

3

2
_
2

-

3
•

7

5

•

2

_

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1a.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Newark, N.J., January 1976— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time wee kly earnings of---$

Average
weekly

S
65

Median *

(standard)

Middle range*

93

90

lu O

110

s

S

$

i

120

130

%

140

$

Si

150

160

$

.t)

170

18u

$
190

$
200

*

220

260

S

$

S

240

T

340

320

300

280

an d
under

90

all

5

J

and
ISO

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

2

23
19
19

24
22
12

58
55
47

30
28
26

a
6
5

6
2
2

4
3

-

d

13
7
4

58
56
50

87
67
61

43
38
22

27
27
17

34
28
24

7
6

2

-

9
2
7
b

95

77
7
70
70

38
5
33
24

81
37
44
22

30
17
13
8

38
17
21
3

15
1
14
4

190

200

220

240

260

280

320

300

over

340

workers—

CONTINUED
FILE CLERKS, CLASS 8 ---------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------FINANCE -----------------

A 7b
1SS
119

$
$
$
37.0 133.oc 127.00 116.0C-133.53
37.0 132.50 127.00 116.00-132.50
36.0 122.50 127.00 111.50-131.50

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ---------N O N M A N U F a c t o r i n g ----------F i n a n c e -------------------

279
237
1B2

37.5 121.50
37.0 122.00
37.5 119.53

116.50 110.00-134.00
117.80 109.00-134.50
115.00 108.50-127.00

---------------------MA NU FACTURING -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------f i n a n c e -------------------

363
99
264
137

38.0
39.0
37.5
37.0

135.50
135.50
135.50
112.50

126.00 111.00-149.50
129.00 124.00-145.00
126.00 106.00-159.00
106.00 100.00-120.50

SWITCH BO AR D o p e r a t o r s -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------N u NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------FINANCE -------------------

223
73
ISO
S6

38.5
39.0
38.5
37.0

166.50
165.50
167.00
138.50

157.00
163.00
156.50
138.00

ORDER C L E R K S ----- --- ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------

135
106

39.0 160.00
36.5 159.50

ACCO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS A M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------FI NA NC E -------------------

491
280
211
101

38.5
39.0
37.5
36.0

190.00
185.50
196.00
166.00

ACCO UN TI NG CL E k KS, CLASS 6 M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S -------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE -------------------

776
327
449
204
80
146

38.0
39.0
37.0
37.0
38.0
36.5

162.00
153.0C
169.00
200.50
160.50
134.50

PAYROLL CLERKS -----------------

55

KEYP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS A M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------FI NA NC E -------------------

556
181
375
178

37.5
39.0
36.5
36.0

KEYP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS B M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------FINANCE -------------------

708
186
522
190
78
210

37.0 157.50 158.50 131.00-177.50
39.0 157.00 158.00 1 4 0 . 00 -1 70 .uO
36.5 157.50 160.00 129.00-179.50
35.5 178.50 182.00 165.00-191.50
37.5 175.50 174.00 153.50-178.50
36.5 139.00 131.00 121.00-158.30

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

87
85

messengers

37.5 185.50

-

6
6
6.
2
2
2

d

.

-

-

-

-

-

140.00-194.50
141.00-175.00
136.50-202.00
129.50-144.00

-

1
1
-

i
i

•So 136.00-179.00
156.60 141.5C-17u.5C

_

*

*

179.50
179.50
179.5C
166.50

15 6. 00 -2 16 .t
>0
159.00-206.00
15 7. 00 -2 36 .5C
155.00-179.30

_

153.50
150.00
158.00
191.50
14 7.00
132.00

136.50-181.00
138.00-16o.00
133.00-191.50
175.00-235.00
132.00-167.50
120.00-147.50

1 5 * *

181.00 163.50-191.50

173.50 162.00 149.0C-19b.00
168.50 162.00 146.00-184.50
176.00 166.00 150.00-197.00
153.00 150.00 14 4. 50 -1 60 .UC

37.5 140.00
37.5 139.50

-

-

131.00 126.00-149.00
131.00 126.00-147.00

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

23
9
14

J
J

18

*

18

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

*

-

.

“

-

-

.

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

9
1
8

-

-

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

.

4

10
10
4

15
5
10
9

22
6
16
16

Jb
13
25
14

24
11
13
7

20
15
5
1

8
5
3
1

H
l

21
2
19
1

33
8
25

11
11

5
3
2

1
1
-

-

4
•

12
8

20
16

23
20

21
15

11
11

17
17

O
°

9
9

4
2

2
2

5
-

-

-

-

.
*

18
12
6
3

14
6
8
6

23
8
15
7

20
17
3
1

53
31
22
17

54
34
20
17

60

32
28
23

58
3t
29
12

30
27
3

37
27
10
8

41
26
15
2

36
6
30
2

9
7
2

20
13

6
-

-

-

/

6

3

5

-

*

73
21
52
11
35

112
66
46
9
a
27

102
53
49
4
18
25

99
55
44
17
13
13

70
48
22
8
4
7

45
21
24
17
2
5

49
26
23
19

73
6
67
67

22
11
11
2
6

17
2
15
13
2

4
4
4
-

4

-

“

4
3

-

.
-

3

5

-

-

-

-

50
44
6

-

-

-

*
-

4
-

“

11

<
L

-

i

-

*

“

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

4

6

4

13

9

2

5

2

3

-

-

-

9

52
22
30
27

76
31
45
20

113
26
65
72

50
30
20
16

38
18
20
12

35
16
19
12

76
14
62

42
10
32

17

29

7
7

-

17

29

*

3
3

62
34
28
11
3
13

59
18
41
20
2
17

68

109
23

34

<36

7
3
4
4

14

11
1
10

2
2

*
-

19
19

2
2

-

-

-

18
2
16
-

-

-

*

38
16
22
2
20

4

-

-

-

-

“

~

*

9

9
-2
7
5

2

2

12
2
10

75
11
64

72
15
57

1
3

2
46

6

37

73
15
58
3
7
45

1
1

13
13

24
24

10
10

2

“

-

2

“
.

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




21
2
19

*

-

10
10

-

5

-

-

2
2

-

3
j
2

-

2
2

5
2

-

.

-

1

-

-

2

7

-

9

-

-

6

41
47
23
22
6
6

d

-

30
41
13

34
16
4
14

5
4

2
1

86

5

21
65
63
2

5
5

“

-

-

-

14
14

.

-

50

-

-

10

.

*

-

*

-

~
*

*

“
*

•
*

*
-

*

*

“
“

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Newark, N.J., January 1976
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

■o*"
*

1

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of--i

weekly
houre1
(standard)

*
140

Mean*

Median £

Middle range £

U nder

S
140

s

I
150

160

5

S

170

S
190

180

S
>

$

200

220

S

240

i

S
260

28u

320

$

s

$

$
300

340

36C

$

s

$
380

400

480

$
480

and
under
150

520
and

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

280

300

3
3
3

260

22
6
16
16

27
20
7
5

32Q. 34Q

520 over

36Q

380

400

VtQ

42
13
29
27

73
25
48
39

56
16
40
36

64
26
39
29

77
33
44
16

82
81
bl
“

16
1
15
4

4
4
”

~

•

“

ALL WORKERS
( B US IN ES S). CLASS A ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N G NM AN UF AC TU RT NG -------------F I N A N C E ---------------- ------

466
161
30b
175

37.5
38.5
36.5
36.5

$
3 8 9 . 0C
381.00
393.50
359*50

$
3 8 2 . 0C
380.00
384.00
358.00

$
$
350.00-435.00
340.00-423.80
350.50-447.50
3 3 3. 00 -3 83 .JO

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
(B US I N E S S ) » CLASS 8 ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------FI NA NC E -----------------------

bb4
139
425
256

37.0
39.0
36.5
36.5

331.00
321.00
334.50
311.00

328.50
318.00
331.00
311.50

301.50-360.00
294.50-352.00
303.50-363.30
290.00-329.00

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S AN ALYSTS
(B US I N E S S ) , C l a s s c ------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N U N M A N U F a C T UR IN G --------------

120
55
6b

C O MP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (B US I N E S S ) <
CLASS A --------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----- -----------N U N M A N U F a C T UR IN G ----- -------f i n a n c e --------------------—

303
B0
223
67

38.0
38.5
37.5
36.5

318.00
342.50
309.00
298.50

CO MPUTER P R OG RA MM ER S (B US I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B --------------------- -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------FINANCE — — — — — — —

464
103
361
269

37.5
38.5
37.5
36.5

267.00
275.00
264.50
257.00

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C --------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------FINANCE ----------------------

computer

systems

analysts

_
*

*

-

-

-

312.50
328.50
30 4 . oe
307.50

278.50-349.00
29 9.5 o - 4 0 b . 00
275.00-339.00
257.00-334.50

-

260.00
259.00
261.00
257.50

243.50-280.00
24 3 . 5 0 - 2 9 6 . ud
243.50-280.00
244.0C-27e.50

-

245
209
170

37.5 216.50 216.00 200.00-230.50
37.0 216.00 215.00 201.00-230.00
36.5 216.00 217.00 202.00-230.50

-

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- ---- --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------f i n a n c e ----------------------

246
73
173
113

37.5
39.0
37.0
36.5

226.00
219.50
2 2 8 . 5C
213.50

COMP UT ER OPERATuRS, CLASS 8 ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- ---------- --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- — ------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------FINANCE ------------ — -------SE RVICES ---------------------

558
117
441
92
229
95

38.0
39.0
37.5
38.5
37.0
39.0

208.00 194.00 173.00-23u.00
201.00 195.00 18 4. 00 -2 07 .uO
209.50 193.50 172.50-239.50
281.00 278.50 227.50-332.50
178.50 181.00 161.50-194.ou
212.50 225.00 177.50-247.50

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS L ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- — ------FI NA NC E -------- -------- -----

284
53
231
70

37.0
39.0
36.5
36.0

29
187.00 194.50 159.00-208.00
5
169.50 162.50 155.50-178.30
24
191.00 197.00 160.50-208.00
152.50 140.00-161.30 **18
150.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ----- — ---- --MA NU F A C T U R I N G -------- --------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

442
294
148

39.0 273.50 260.00 234.0L-306.50
39.5 258.00 257.00 234.00-272.00
37.5 304.00 310.00 247.00-355.00

10
10
9

3
3
“

19
7
12
lu

37
12
25
24

bo
22
4H
4J

114
27
87
81

103
24
79
43

68
28
40
24

51
5
46
12

38
10
28
4

55
1
54
6

2
2

8
8

16
7
9

15
10
5

25
lu
15

23
10
13

12
6
6

4
•
4

6
6

3
3

6
2
4

10
10
3

50
9
41
3

4<*
13
31
b

36
7
89
17

53
19
34
10

27
7
20
9

10
1
9
1

15
15
4

29
24
5

s

10
10
4
70
18
52
39

131
34
97
92

106
15
91
85

51
13
38
28

19
2
17
2

12
2
10

20
15
5

.
-

“

17
2
15
8

24

8
5
18
18
11

81
74
63

70
64
58

21
17
17

4
3
2

-

-

5
5
1

1

4

22
8
8

24
6
18
10

11
1
10
7

22
7
15
13

88
40
48

19
5
14
6

19
1
18
5

8
1
7

4
1
3

6
2
4

42

37
9
28
28

82
28
54

40
6
1
32

5
1
4
4

9
1
8
8

6
2
4
4

“

41
12
29
9
6
11

31
3
28
15

-

82
18
64
10
38
11

44
4

47

54
26
28
1
25
28

m6
26
20

26
6
20

“

37.0 299.50 293,5(i 267.03-322.53
38.5 282.50 280.00 2 5 5. 50 -3 03 .DO
36,0 314.00 311.00 287.50-341.50

_

215.00 200.00-243.50
215.00 200.00-221.50
215.50 198.00-249.50
211.00 195.00-228.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

“

_

1
1

2

-

3
2
1

“

-

1
1
1

3
3
2

11
11
3

-

.
-

-

1

-

-

“

25
25

22
4
18

35
9
26

-

-

27
4
23
1

10
8

22

16
10

69
5
64
10
37
16

20
3
17
15

25
11
14
12

38
18
20
17

12
3
9
4

10

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

*25
-

-

”

-

1
1

-

-

2
1
4
4

-

8

2
2
2
8

-

n

-

n

4

7

-

7
1
11
-

11
9

-

24
9

.

-

~
1

.
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6
*

•

*

*

*

-

_
-

_
-

-

•
-

.
.
-

-

-

-

•

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

.
•

_
-

15
15

-

•
-

•

8

27

4
4

-

•
-

-

15

2

7

17
5
12

12

4

26

85
4
81

4

2

8

4

12

4

15
9
6

25
13
12

84
77
7

85
64
21

77
67
10

34
26

4

* W o r k e r s we r e distributed as follows: 3 at $ 120 to $ 130; and 22 at $ 130 to $ 140.
** W o r k e r s we r e distributed as follows: 1 at $ 100 to $ 110; 2 at $ 110 to $ 120; 4 at $ 120 to $ 130; and 11 at $ 130 to $ 140.
S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

-

2

'




-

d

9
-

-

9

8

-

27
'

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Newark, N.J., January 197©— Continued
Weekly earning! 1
(standard)____
Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earningsjo

Avcf3„ .
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

*

140
Un d e r
,
$
and
140
under
150

S

S

$

$

S

S

S

$

$

S

S

S

$

S

i

$

S

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400 — iftiL

9
6
3
2

27
18
9
8

89
55
34
34

114
40
74
65

127
40
87
85

69
16
53
46

44
16
28
25

83
12
71
41

53
53
41

20
2
18

8
1
7
1

7

-

$

3

400

440

480

520

520 over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
20 0.00-276.00
194.00-236.00
205.00-287.00
200.00-270.00

23
5
18
18

24
9'
15
15

19
16
3

34
25
9

31
10
21

12
6
6

15
8
7

69
8
61

31
11
20

12
2
10

7

-

3

13
12

45
42

48
47

42
41

69
67

175
171

72
60

45
44

3
3

10
0

8
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

-

_

-

76
72

13
12

35
34

3
3

4
4

1

7
6

32
30

91
91

31
20

6
6

•

.

“

35
35

37
37

8
8

28
28

4
4

-

25
23

10
7

50
45

40
34

24
17

690
220
470
3B1

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.0

DRAFTERS, CLASS C --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

256
91
165

39.0 190.50 196.00 167.00-206.50
39.0 181.00 169.00 161.00-196.00
38.5 196.00 201.50 170.00-216.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------n onm anufacturing :
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

545
497

39.5 210.50 211.50 187.00-220.00
39.5 205.00 209.00 186.50-219.00
316.00 330.00 28 9.00-342.00

-

-

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

146
126

39.5 239.50 215.00 213.00-243.00
39.5 228.50 215.00 2 1 3. 00 -2 42 .5C

_

-

-

e l e c t r o n ic s t e c h n ic ia n s , CLASS d MANuFa c t u r i n g -----------------------------------

182
lbl

39.5 214.50 211.50
39.5 211.00 209.00

_

1
~

7

e l e c t r o n ic s t e c h n ic ia n s , c l a s s c m anufacturing -----------------------------------

217
210

40.0
40.0

187.50 180.00 169.50-193.50
186.00 180.00 169.50-193.00

.

r e g is t e r e d in d u s t r ia l NU RS ES ----------manufacturing -----------------------------------

193
153

38.5 228.00 224.50 20 4.50-249.00
39.0 224.50 219.50 203.50-242,00

.

26

o
o

DRAFTERS, CLASS 8 --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

236.00
216.50
245.00
234.50

228.00
209.50
2 3 6 . 0C
230.00

199.00-219.00
199.00-216.00

-

-

-

18
*18
-

-

5
5

*
*

-

“
13

41

12
-

3

4

1

2

* W o r k e r s we r e at $ 120 to $ 130.
See footnotes at end of tables.




6

44
42

9

41

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

14
1

1
1

-

-

.

-

-

“

*

*

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

_

13

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

-

-

6
1

*

-

*

b
2

1
1

21
12

12
lo

1

•

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

*
-

-

*

“

_

-

-

~

-

*

-

-

-

Table A-2a. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Newark, N.J., January 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
worken

Occupation and industry division

N u m b er of workers rec eiving straight-time w e ekly earnings of—
$

J
b

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard]

140
Mean *

Median *

Middle ranged

Under
$
140

160

170

18 0

19 0

200

£20

2A0

260

280

t>
3o0

160

170

180

190

200

220

2 A0

260

280

300

320

5

S

i

$

i

$

$

ANA LY STS

$

$

$

3

3 80.00
3UA **-p
Tf r
tr r
COMPUTER S YSTEMS

3 6 .0

3b. j

3 8 7 . 5C
3-.r-.j0

3 6.5

3 2 8.00
33< *. 0 0
312.50

3 5 7.00

3 5 5 .0 0 3 5 0 .0 0 3 3 3 .0 0 -

A 22.su
A38.OC
376 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANA LY STS
i uU'* 1 IxL J J / ? wUn ^ *5 v
7
*

2 9 1 .0 0 -3 5 3 .0 0

380

400

440

D
480

$
>
52o

3A0

360

38o

4Q0

4 4 (»

480

520

S60

*

$

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

1

A0

JT
16

44
43

73

7

I.
a

19
79
<*3

28
36
2A

5
A2
12

10
28

10

12

100

46

12

8

4

(B U S IN E S S),

,r rTin * ■r
- +i -

11

k

3 9 .0
37
36* j

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

^

r r- ,
< -58* 50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

292*

-

0

2 5 9 .0 0
2 5 9.00

8

2 A l.0 Q -2 7 o .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0 -3 2 1 .5 0

2

3

8

^n
C 0*^0

17
15
8

i

1
12

0

1

5

1

5A
18
36

97
20
77

93

35

4

1A

16
15

LA

(B U S IN E S S),
i

8
8

50
AA

17
13

72
28

27

11

13

4

3

73
66
63

22

2 0 2 . 0 0 - 2 3 2 . oO

38

2A

62
15
A7
38

35

''l" ""0
1
2 1 9.00
98

MMriUr AO 1UK l
*'iu ” w” * ” ™” ***

3C

*0 " 1 C * 0 0

37

*

? r

3 r *0

1

\n
1*50

_r
53

A

__
, #x

182.00
150.00

1

^ : i •!:®
211*00

}2?*
1O 1 , A
,
lrn . 0 0
nr!
1

21

,
8

1A
12

ifti riA
,^

.

1

2 0 1 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0

3A
18

n n

48
(

_

24

J-f

£

13

151*50

* W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:

j
j
7

.

3

6
4

-,rw r .
-

1 at $100 to $110; 2 at $110 to $120; 6 at $120 to $130; and 19 at $130 to $140.

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

10

A1

2A

7

3

i

32
28

1A




19

li
2 9 5 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0

(BU S IN E S S),
352
73

^

ht

°

10

he

2 9 5 . 0 0 - 3 3 0 . s0

264*00

vLAj

360

19
3

331*00

57

f

%

340

ANALYSTS)

dG

U KA r 1C K j

%
320

12

10

a

$

WORKERS

COMPUTER S YSTEMS

**^
1

S

and
under
150

ALL

150

$

$

i
*

i

2

Table A-2a.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments

in Newark, N.J., January 1976— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

S
Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

*

140
Under
and
*
140 u n d er
150

S

$

$

$

'

$

$

*

$

i

$

$

$

$

l

$

"5-----S----480
520

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

440

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

30u

3*0

340

360

380

400

440

480

520

560

6
4
2

9
6
3

8
5
3

32
16
16

36
10
26

38
18
20

19
8
11

31
9
22

71
12
5*

41
41

20
2
18

-

-

-

-

-

63

25

132

20

24

3

lu

8

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
D R A F T E R S . C L A S S 0 -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

319
91
228

$
$
$
$
38.5 257.50 271.00 215.00-294.50
39.5 229.50 222.00 195.00-265.50
38.0 2 6 9 . 0C 285.00 221.0C-305.uC

------------

345
*-6

32

39

40.0 213.50 21 0 . SO 188.50-219.00
316.00

129
109

40.0 239.00 215.00 21 3 . 0 0 - 2 4 6 . 5j
40.0 226.50 215.00 213.00-23^.50

-

-------

136

38.5 228.00 2 2 4 . So 204.00-254.00

-

INDUSTRIAL

NURSES

.
“

-

-

“

“

.

-

3

See footnotes at end of tables.




31

22

37

3

330.00

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C HNICIANS. CL A S S AM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------REGISTERED

“

l c
1 T A 1A

in “
, •
„,

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
NONMANUFACTURINGS

*

11

.
4

.
*
20

-

“

13
12

18
17

3

10

35

26

24

21

3

i
10

-

14

1

13

*

76
72

-

8
1
7

2

_
1

13
-

1
1

.
*

.
*

.

_

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Newark, N.J., January 1976
Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of
wodcen

Weekly
Weekly
haurs *
earnings *
standard) (standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
messengers

------------------------------------------------------------------

265
108
157
82

Number
of
woikeis

Average
(mean2)

Weekly
Weekly
houn 1 earnings *
standard) (standard)

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

$
37.5 138.50
38.5 140.00
37.0 138.00
114.^0

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OF FICE O C C U PA TI ON S
WO M E N — CONT IN UE D

U K l/t''

LL tKF\o
nTI ULL j ML l.

ALvUUii | I N v

1 H AU L

L L l I ' i' j i

m

LL A b j

A

198.00
39.0 201.00
39.0 201.00

16fl
64

484

____ _______
_

^

iitAn

931
334
597
326

$

162.50

30 5 \ 0 r' " c
38.0 198.00
39.0 <-cl. j 0

‘ '
'I *
169

36
38.5 185.00

2V?

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

3.857
2.669
269
305
1.348
054

38 0 191.50
189.00
37.5 228.50
?2*2 222.50

J
TYPI j *S f

1.655

3

37 5
38.5
37.0
37.0

^30 '"O
228.00
233.00
217.00

r
_

758
457

-r»

174.00
180.00

IT „

152.50

_

219.00
^ • 2 132.00
3 f.5 176.00
TJt* ^
131.5C
}29* J?
3 .5 it J. 00
I.

38 0
39.0
37.5
36.5
38.5
36.0
38.5

2*738

38.0

201 0
197.00

> U n L l v uI

il

1llt o

”

l i n e n
ill

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

12

nnrn.Tn.-r

/>
.

10 6 . jQ

J ??

22*2
.0

,

J
1

T A 9 U L A TI NG -M AC Ml NE OPERATORS.
C L A SS C

J •. J

_

997
302

130.0C
138.5C

172.00

55

22

425

14 ft
1 r o r- «
t

.^
264

i ■/
»

„

—
—

*r
»y

37.0 171.50
208.50
36.0 153.50

92
51

132.50
132.OC
lc.2. j C

j-.U

218.50
222.50
180.00
233.50

1 1•j C

150.00

744
96

1 /.OC

1It- A,,-» in *.
•
■ ,
t..A ...1*. VI.’

1
.0G
30.0 1 7A * nr

"1
*
inn

■

322
82

1 A
7

97

2 1 1 . 0C
38.5 222.50
202.00
38.0 239.50
238.00
36.5 187.00 FILE CLERKS? CLASS C
37.5 229.00

•*54
26
591




37.5 153.00

J

896

2.541
1.539
1.002
173
191
367
243
L
/

146.0C
155.50
37.5 131.00
37.0 140.00

30.0

r 146.00

1 171

3 .0

1.030
438
592
55
57
338
95

j

347
232

37.5 183.50
-*
».

65

v vL A j

m i/r

248
102
61
67

3C*^

117
96
121
52

jTt» ' ‘ L 1 AH 1 L j

L

1 or * nr
j y( q c q

36.0

S E CR ET AR IE S ””

-

181

' ■ 9 *"0
■ *
‘'
214.50
39.0 ^ 3 n . ^0

70
36

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
standard) (standard)

$

1 KA UC

82
62
62

Number
of
workers

57

•3C

1 4ft *•r
ri
1 ,-.50

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Newark, N.J., January 1976— Continued
Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
[standard) (standard)

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN
wUntr U 1L

J I J 1C'' J
- —

Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CONTINUED-

Mil AL Tb tt)
_
M
** ®

*>7n
1J

nr ^
36. S 3 j 8.50

210.00
331.00

in

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CO NTINUED
$
230.00 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS— CONTINUED
219.00
EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS. CLASS B235.50
36.5 2 1 7 . 5C

$
388.00

♦ wU Mo j

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
[standard) (standard)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

213.00
281.00
178.50

335.00
701

E L E C TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS. CLASS C-

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
standard) (standard)

.
$
211.00
189

188.00
186.00

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
33 3. j 0

297.50

5i

199.00
CO MP U T E R P R OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),

276.00

cU

325.00
393.50
318.00
303.00

2 0 *oo
UKMT 1

jf

vLMw»

U

"

m

nil

237.50
A--.0.OO
236.50

38*5

COMPUTER P R O G RA MM ER S

CLASS C —

1 Q4

A
COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S

(B US IN ES S),

195
111

l2^
521

37.0 222.50
220.00

■-1)6.00
26
EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS. CLASS A-

See footnotes at end of tables.




(BUSINESS),

13

■MJ.O
316.00

193

39.5 290.00
229.00

iJ.r
SE RVICES -------------------------

7^
69
61

38.0 223.50

Table A-3a. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Newark, N.J., January 1976

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hours *
standard) (standard)

OF FI CE OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN

}

1

39.5 145.50
36.0 140.00
36.0 131.00

896
222
674

^ 190.50

36

>U n L iv UI aL 1 1 I t o

36.0

JtvHC. 1

It J ” ”

* * "“ "* "“

iU o L i v U 1 1 1 1 l i " * * *
L
e
W1ULLUmL 1 rU *
1
L H L
.

“

.
.
N944
264
17S
986
S3
7A6
357
391
53
233
2.012
1.251
761
172
£.00

if'—r.* 1^ r
--n rT- .S.
,

r
.

2.071
1.332
452

1

SQ/

39.0
37.0
37.0
38.5
36.5

191 ^0
198.50
227.00
230.00
171.50

_
>

1 ^.50

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

350.50
CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

223
73

122
94

38.5 159.00
38.5 159.50

156
77

37.5 187.00
36.0 160.50

316
382
64
132

39.0
37.0
38.0
36.5

.

3 2 3 50
333.50
310*00

80

38.5 166.50
39.0 165.50

38.5
39.0
37.5
36.5

408
108
fin
lt jy

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

36.0 22 2 . 0C
229.00
37.0 215.50
38.0 241.50
36*5 196.00

56

203.50
199.00
211.00
218.50
224.501
36,0 179.00

38.0 172.00
172.50
37.0 171.00
36.5 151.00

|

CO MPUTER P R O G RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),

CO MPUTER P R OG RA MM ER S
CLASS 8

(BUSINESS).
69

r
t

AttUUN | lHu L L L i'i'j?

LLA

jj LJ

37.0 187.00
30.0

474

38.0 184.50
39.0 180.00
37.0 187.00
149. j 0

CO MPUTER P R O G RA MM ER S

219.50

54

218.00

37.0 157.50
157.00
36.5 157.50 UKMr
35.5 180.00

2 0 2 .00

36.0 153.00

693
507
180

14

229.00
219.00

37.5 173.00
39.0 168.50

178

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .

3 7 .0

37.5 184.00

552
179

36.5 147.50
36.5 144.00
36.0 144.00

(BUSINESS).

152.SC
164.50
156.00
133.00

139.00




37 5

37.5 121.50

38 0
3 7 I 5 129.00

150
100

82
77
72

132.5C
36.5 132.00
36.0 122.50

210
168

38.0 164.00
39.5 147.50

295
115

126.50

178

37.5 271.00
36.

454

T_

m

Weekly
earnings 1
standard) (standard)

36.5 152.50
36 . C 142.0C
36.0 138.00

£68

FILE CLERI>j i CLASS A

88
72
65
148
116

WOMEN

Weekly

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC MI NE OPERATORS.

133.00
139.00
168.50

*

Mh OLE^ALE TRADE
OFFICE O C C U PA TI ON S -

Number
of

$

155
374
316

i-<-4.0C
r.

Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

r
b .b o

„ - 223.00
„

AC CO UN TI NG CLl ^ ^ o ? CLAS^ A

Weekly
houn1 earnings1
standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO ME N— CO NT IN UE O

$
*57
9b

Number
of
woikeis

1
CKuf

vLMu J » ® "

" "* * *

139

299.50
40.0 273.50

Table A-3a. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Newark, N.J., January 1976— Continued

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings ^
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

professional

AND TECHNICAL
MEN— CONTINUED

and

Number
of
wofkeis

Weekly
Weekly
earnings *
hours 1
(standard) (standard)

technical

c.10

$
259.00
39,5 231.50
270.00

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

333

40.0 214.50

technicians, class

a-

, „

„

78

$

40.0 227.00

67
O C C U PA TI ON S -

260*00

64

2 1 0 .5 0

WOMEN
CO MPUTER P R O G RA MM ER S
CLASS C ”

40.0 316.00
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
334.00
336.00
See footnotes at end of tables.




Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

$
electronics

38.5 202.00
40.0 189.00
38 • 0 207.50
EL EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S --------------------------nonmanufacturing:

Number
of
workers

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

O C C U PA TI ON S - M E M - C O N T I N U E D
.

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

15

(BUSINESS),

Table A-4.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Newark, N.J., January 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

s
i
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
$
%
$
$
5
j.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.2o 6.4Q 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.2 0 8.80 4.00
Under
and
and
S
under
3.80
s

Mean

*
*

Median*

Middle range

*

s

s

s

s

s

ALL WORKERS
MA IN TE NA NC E c a r p e n t e r s -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------------

312
207
105
52

$
6.71
6.63
6.87
6.23

$
6.98
7.11
6.98
5.55

$
5.755.975.555.55-

$
7.11
7.11
7.31
7.31

-----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------------

986
868
118
69

6.49
6.39
7.19
7.30

6.46
6.05
7.15
7.77

5.665.626.636.74-

7.15
7.11
7.77
7.77

m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r s ---------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

193
164

6.50
6.31

6.33
6.33

5.97- 7.20
5.95- 6.70

*

m a i n t e n a n c e m a c h i n i s t s ----- --- ---m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- --- — ---- -------

667
649

6.33
6.32

6.11
6.07

5.68- 7.11
5.68- 7.11

*

maintenance

electricians

-

-

*
-

*
-

.
*

“

*
*

-

_

“

*

-

*

-

.

-

-

-

2

3
3

2

2
2

3
3

-

62
58
4

15
11
4
3

29
18
11
9

47
34
13
11

82
82
-

174
148
26
7

73
30
43
39

83
83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

5
-

-

3
3

2
2

-

"

-

8
8

17
16

-

34
34

9
8

38
34

8
8

17
17

2
2

12
12

30
20

“

6
b

•

34
34

39
39

6
6

2
2

150
150

43
43

72
69

10
1C

15
7

25
25

84
84

91
84

90
90

20
20

-

26
26

49
49
*

93
81
12

141
99
42

127
103
24

179
179
*

67
65
2

232
232
“

24
18
6

28
25
3

90
73
17

24
12
12

46
8
38

59
21
38

228
222

45
45
*
*

16
6
10
10
”

14
9
5
*

17
2
15
15
-

55
1
54
54
-

2
2
2
-

454
12
442
428
14

85
15
70
61
9

71
24
47
1
46

26
23
3

2
1
1

17
12
5

29
29
-

27
8
19

302
287
15

72
68
4

3
3
-

4
4

6
6

10
3

24
24

16
16

2
2

-

2
2

67
52

59
59

103
96

-

-

-

“

m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r s ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- -------- — ---n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

776
716
60

6.76
6.73
7.09

7.11
7.11
6.98

5.97- 7.20
5.81- 7.20
6.58- 7.06

M A IN TE NA NC E S H EE T- ME TA L WO RK ER S --M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

107
100

6.61
6.59

6*60
6.60

5.75- 7.20
5.75- 7.23

M I LL WR IG HT S --------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

377
355

6.73
6.70

6.92
6.92

5.97- 7.50
5.97- 7.50

-

*

-

“

-

12
12

6
6

4
4

M A I N TE NA NC E TR AD ES HE LP ER S --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

142
73
69

4.92
4.66
5.19

4.97
4.74
5.52

4.42- 5.52
4.42- 4.97
5.00- 5.52

1
1

3
3
*

11
11
-

18
2
16

6
6
*

27
27
~

6
6
-

M A C H IN E- TO OL O P ER AT OR S (TOOLROOM) M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

273
273

6.60
6.60

5.73
5.73

5 . 7o— 7.86
5.70- 7.88

_

-

_

*

*

*

.
“

10
10

“

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS ----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

799
709

6.67
6.59

6.61
6.61

6.05- 7.31
6. 05 - 7.11

*

”

*

*

*

ST AT IO NA RY E N GI NE ER S ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

377
240
137

7.12
7.13
7.10

7.31
7.42
7.31

5.79- 8.16
5.79- 8.37
5.88- 7.38

-

-

“

1
*
1

“

“
“

“
“

-----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

249
175
74

5.59
5.76
5.18

5.40
5.60
4.45

4.56- 6.09
5.23- 6.09
4.03- 5.63

16
**16

12
12

8
8
*

24
12
12

*

-

-

.

4

11

61

41

60

-

•

-

4

11

61

41
40
“

50
10
9
*

25
25
“

135
129
6

75
75

1
1

-

27
27

5
5

12
12

-

“

*

4
4

105
105

15
15

.
-

23
18
5

10
10

30
•
30

5
5

.
*

•
-

8
8

2
2

14
14

*

110
no

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

*

6
6

20
20

65
65

76
76

111
111

60
60

16
16

141
141

27
27

-

3
3
-

*

29
12
17

34
32
2

34
29
5

15
2
13

3
3

1
1

16
16
-

27
10
17

6
6
*

6
6
~

40
40
*

13
13
*

44
32
12

12
11
1

11
11
*

4
4
*

1
1

2
2
-

*

*
-

-

*
-

i
•
i

*
”

3
3

4

“

-

*

-

“

6.255.746.667.095.25-

10 at $2.60 to $2.80; and 6 at $ 3 to $3.20.
4 at $ 9 to $9.40; and 4 at $9.40 to $9.80.

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .




22
12
10
6

71
71

7.09
5.98
7.13
7.14
7.15

*
W o r k e r s w e r e at $9.40 to $9.80.
** W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:
*** W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:

115
109
6
6

*

6.84
6.41
6.93
7.06
6.71

tenders

33
2
31
-

175
175
*

956
164
792
640
113

boiler

9
6
1
-

119
119
~

(MOTOR VEHICLES) -------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s --------------WHOL ES AL E t r a d e ----------------

7.31
7.20
7.31
7.31
7.82

8
4
4
-

8
8
“

5.50- 6.83
5.50- 6.76
5.35- 7.20

mechanics

3
2
1
1

11
11
*

-

16

-

•
*

“
2
2

“

40

24
24
“

-

-

*

_

18
17
1
1

12
12
*

6.03
5.90
6.75

maintenance

6
6

15
5
10

6.20
6.14
6.52

'

24
24

“
*

1.437
1.233
204

M A IN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY) MA N U F A C T U R I N G — -------- — -------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- ----- — ----

49
15
34
34

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

4
4

•

_

-

11
11
10
3
7
2

-

20

-

-

4

6

4

_

6

.

_
_

-

-

.
-

-

-

38
32
6

-

-

-

20
20
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

122
122

-

-

-

161
71

30
30

86
86

-

-

-

13
13
*

53
2
51

24
22
2

34
28
6

28
28
-

36
36
-

26
6
*20

9
9

6
6

8

14
14

2
2

_

-

8

.

8
-

* * * 0

Table A-4a.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments

in Newark, N.J., January 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings o

Hourly earnings 3

s
S
S
$
i
s
%
I
%
$
*
s
s
$
S
*
S
3
5
s
S
»
$
3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.2'J 6 .40 6.60 6 ,80 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60 -9.00

Number
of

Occupation and industry division

Mean 2

M e d ia n 2

Middle range 2

and
under
3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6 . b Q 6.80 7 on 7.40 7.80 8 t£|| 8.60 9.00 over

ALL WORKERS

$

$

7 ''fl
6 83
569
485

$
p

in/*

b ll
r

C 00

$
*

r*Ofl

25
15
10

7*7T
7*77

5.97- 7.50
c.60
8

□ 16
maintenance, mechanics

maintenance

(m a c h i n e r y ) -

678

6.74

6.75

7.70

s h e e t -m e t a l

workers

------

69

6.60
6.98
6.65

6.63
6.60

| KM U Li

5.73- 7.84

-

-

-

-

12
12

(TOOLROOM) -

210

6.96

ba

M A NU FA CT UR IN G
nonmanufacturing

43

16

34
34

8
8

33
31

36
34
2

61
61

17
17

27
21
6
6

22
12
10
6

*
*

“

76
50
26

64
21
43

80
80

*

24
14

6

2

25

-

77
77

70
70

124
124

3

3

18

20

7

“
7
2

70
70
2

u
*u

27
20

90
90

•
•

*
*

*
*

14

46
8

38

219
219

-

4

393
389
389

76
15
61
61

25
24
1
1

27
8
19

94
79
15

72
69
4

•

10
3

16
16

16
16

2
2

67
52

-

17

25
6.84

7.1 j

^

7.88

108

7.49

5.81- 7.23

1
1

'^ o

59
59

103
96

•

.

-

2

122
122

139
49

30
30

86
8b

51

10
2

16
6
8

W o r k e r s we r e distributed as follows:
W o r k e r s we r e at $9.40 to $9.80.

2 at $9.40 16

t

12

29
29

1

1
1

”

3

5

8

17

10

*

•
6

*

-

4

6

-

2

-

-

8

-

6.78- 7.42

-

-

-

71
71

-

$9.80;.8 at $'9.80 to $10.20; and 1 at $10.20 to $10.60.

17

-

14
12
2

20
18
2
13
13

12

5

-

78

4

3

-

-

-

£

12
12

141
141

10

20
20

-

2

*

20

~

20
20

*

*
“

*
“
*

“
*
*

38
32
6

-

-

-

*

-

30

18

5.73- 7.88

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




32
32

12
27

21

6.62

7.31

75
75

6

i • ■ j.■ » •
---------------------

56

33

15
15

ln

5.28- 7.65
5.28- 6.89

* *

17
16

61
61

5*CC
7*04
7.09- 7.31

4.74- 5.52

n L L r C.r' j

M A C H IN E- TO OL OPER AT OR S

*

8
1

66

■■*37

AL * U K l'iU

1 N 1 L N A fiL t

8
2
1
1

mechanics

^*nn

MAIMU*

69
69

6*87

r

maintenance

15

40
40

\

^

5

if

X

13
1

11

-

_

*

“
*

19

36

6
**20

14

*

8

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Newark, N.J., January 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
$
4
T
T
S
S
S
4
$
■
$
$
T
$
S
S
$
2.20 2.30 2.90 2.50 2.60 2.80 3 00 3. 20 3 .90 3 .60 3.80 9.20 9.60 5 .Go 5.90 5.80 6 . 2 0

Hourly earnings^
Number

of

O c c u p a t i o n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Mean 2

Median2

$
5
I
6.60 7.00 7.90 7.80 3 . 2 0

Middle range 2

and

under
2.30 2.90 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3 20 3. 90 3 .60 3 .80 9.20 9.60 5.00 5 .90 5.d0 6.20 fe.feo 7 . 0 0
ALL

$

$
6 .3 8 -

$
7 .1 9

6*03

$

----------------------------------------------------

7*13

-

“

1*0^0
1 .9 7 8
78

7 0'
9 .1 9

3 .8 7 -

9 .1 0

*

*
“

-

9 .0 0

-

jr-r
8A 9

12

-

O. J

6 .3 0

6*36
7 .1 2

7 .1 3

7 l13-

7 ! 13

7*77

T R U C K D R IV E R S .

7 .1 3

•1

7*7n
.0

HEAVY TRUCK

T R U C K D R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
\v I I ILK 1 .1Al. IICA XL 1 1\/

1*493

“
'

“

6

91

12

6

91

60
59
6

129
96
83

“
“

12

6
-

90
1

6
*

-

12
“
12

“

-

-

”

”

1

44

~

1
“
*

-

“
*

-

“
“

“
“

-

-

”

'

_

1*916
NONM ANUFACTURING.'-------------------------------------

-

_

.

“

*

“
*

*

“
-

99

-

*

P
P

“

"
_

1*223
ft* ^
ft

*

“

-

-

-

“

*

6
-

_

6

*
10
10
-

35
98

81
58
23
5
7
5

991
210
281
9
271
-

139
103
31
12
J

289
o2
1 o7
105
15
7

58
19
39
27
12
-

999
197
302
302
-

366 1958
6
168
360 1790
271 1561
84
229
5
-

59
33
26

39
33
6

93
20
73

90
38
c
?

31
22
9

11
11
"

309
4
300

276
276

8
8
“
*

19
19

27
21
6

79
39
90
”

8
8
-

73
71
2

6

20
19
1
1

95

12

323
130
193

61
9b
16

19

*

-

-

95

12

-

9

15

“

-

-

2
108
108
-

3
3
-

-

-

“

*

*

*

*

-

_

-

-

2

-

*

1

9

7

“

*

“

1

4

7

36

1

10

-

*

-

-

™
•

-

-

*

-

*

“ ™ ~*w™ * *
”

36
36

1
1

10
10
.
-

-

951
2 .1 9 8

5^86
5 .3 8

6 .7 0
9 .7 5

9I 3I 9 .9 7 -

1

6 70
6 .6 5

i

A v i'U * 'J

-

“

^ ^"
W j

-

*

j n l r * illv

“

19
19

35

-

62

-

-

35

62

97
97

2 .6 0 -

9^87

-

15
20

90
22

35
12

44
92

22
16

17
17

89
70
19

19
19
5

93

2
2

_
-

2

500

2

500
986

-

15

*

at

distributed as follows:

3
3

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

*

-

75
93
32

15
13
2

217
50
167

197
1
196

998
318
630

100

190
190

•

-

-

100

-

-

-

-

39
26
13
7

159
155
9

73
28
95

210

157

-

-

.
_

-

-

210
118

.

-

157
6

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

90
33
7
7

129
129

62
58
4
-

2
2

_

4

393
286
57
95
9
7

96
65
31

.
-

*

77

133
60
73

119
27
92

195
108
37

629
67
557

337
64
273

32

9

90

99

99

9
9

90
90

99
99

99
99

99
6
93
93

22

32
19

31
22
9
7

30

3

-

-

30
28

3

89
99
90
90

15
5
10
6

21
13
8
1

122
51
71

*

23
6
17
16

81
50
31

98
31
67

82
58
29

81
58
23

61
39
22

399
313
36

-

-

-

29
5

-

-

-

-

187
128
59
1

235
68
167
139

133
93
90
82

9

29

-

.

-

-

10
8
2
2
166
72
99
-

89
8

-

_
-

-

„
-

..

.

9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
.

.
.
•

.
-

.
-

.
•
.
-

969
12
952
395
-

57
"

36 at $9 to $ 9 . 4 0 ; 1 at $ 1 0 . 2 0 to $ 1 0 . 6 0 ; 3 at $ 1 0 . 6 0 to $ 1 1 ; 2 at $ 11 to $ 1 1 . 4 0 ; 1 8 at $ 1 1 . 4 0 to $ 1 1 . 8 0 ; 6 4 at $ 1 1 . 8 0 to $ 1 2 . 2 0 ; 11 at $ 1 2 . 2 0 to $ 1 2 . 6 0 ; and 1

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .




-

19
19

2

‘
* W o r k e r s we r e
$ 1 2 . 6 0 to $ 1 3 .

-

4
-

77

8
7

-

-

*

21
7

10
10

13
9

*

15
7

80
71

19
9

-

-

96
90

15
9

128
128

36
36

-

26
26

58
9

-

-

”

-

11
9

28
3

.
-

-

10
10

2/
8

9

“

-

_

“

9

-

100
100
”

15
15

-

35

-

-

-

-

35

219
219
219

13b
*136
-

_

11

-

-

_
-

782
128
659
659

-

11

-

_

_

-

_
-

22

22
22

_

-

319
319
-

-

16
9
7

-

_

-

319

31
30
1

n

^* at
4 .0 0

22
22

11

-

“

58
53

22

/* 0 6

MANUFACTURING — — — --------- ------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

8
8

196
6
190

8a 130 9
6
1 b2
82 1197
- 935
32 212

7 0 3

K t t t 1 V i nlvj v L t . i 'f 'j

7.*0 7.80 8.20 3,60 over

WORKERS

1 .1 8 7

S E R V IC E S

4
8.60

18

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Newark, N.J., January 1976— Continued
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
1 ---- T ---4
$
s
$
»
i
-3 —
$
1 ---- T ---- ”5---- 3---- 1 ---- 5
5
i
$
I
*
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.20 4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8 . 6 0

Hourly earnings
Number

Occupation and industry division
M ean 2

M edian 2

Middle range 2

! and
under
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.20 4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8 t6Q over

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
FORKLIFT OPER AT OR S ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N U N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --- -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------- ----

1.749
1.256
493
239
147

$
5.36
5.07
6.09
6.38
5.67

$
5.02
5.01
6.46
7.03
5.66

$ ■
■
4.774.745.084.775.66-

$
5.94
5.35
7.03
7.03
6.46

3

3

1

-

3

3

1

1
1

63
62
1

27
26
1

164
154
10

*

*

*

3

3

1

1

1

1

10

4
4

38
38

18
18

88
38
50
1
1
41
7

179
109
70
6

60
56
4

38

67
60

4.36
4.44

4.35
4.35

4.25- 4.62
4.25- 4.61

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SE RVICES -------------------------

4.508
562
3.946
60
89
263
3.511

3.04
4.42
2.84
4.99
3.30
3.90
2.69

2.60
4.47
2.50
5.75
3.15
3.81
2.50

2.403.872.403.332.903.412.40-

3.22
5.03
3.00
5.75
3.70
4.50
2.75

315

547

379

GUARDS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

44b

4.72

4.67

3.87- 5.23

-

-

116

3.30

2.70

2.35- 3.99

JANITORS. PORTtRSf AND CL EANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------- ----------N O N M A N UF AC TU PI NG --------- -------PU RL IC UTIL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE t r a d e --------------—
RETAIL TRADE -------------------f i n a n c e -------------------------SE RVICES -------------------------

6.913
1.573
5.340
382
164
271
370
4.153

3.39
4.63
3.03
5.03
4.11
3.04
3.42
2.77

3.00
4.72
2.65
5.01
3.83
2.80
3.50
2.63

2.504.022.504.693.252.603.182.S0*

See footnotes at end of tables..




4.15
4.92
3.22
5.04
5.47
3.30
3.50
3•00

-

.
-

_

4
323
8
315
-

571
24
547

60
40
20
12

•
•
•

-

-

-

*

22

12

40

-

8

24

336

311
311

336

83
62

31
12
19
6
13

19

1
335

12
2*9

88
88
-

53

22
22

_

135
22
113
24

15
12
3

*

4

86

-

97

SO

10

822

236
4
232
12
14
15
191

22
26
308

-

-

4

4

-

-

12

27

-

-

-

-

5

16

-

12

190 1322
6
190 1316

927
10
917
1
12
65
s
834

149

739
43
696

228
32
196

365
22
343
9
34
190
110

146
62
84
1
23
3
42
15

487
c80
207
9
18
17
18
145

40B
272
136
81
23
1
3
28

699
519
180
61

-

1
-

836
12
824
2
-

-

-

170
93
77
5
67

673
31
642
1
12
1
628

380
380
-

-

_

428 406
339 38o
89
20
66
2
5

27

12
27

-

-

163 1277

149
6
10
11
122

358
-

358
-

-

3
45
91
557

167
8
159

4
24
43

56
5
51
1
5
13
32

15
41
100

278
171
107
1
15
42
49

-

5

3

155

71
-

71
-

-

15
20
10
151

-

-

_

.
•

167
81
86

34
1
33
-

194
26
168
168

.
.
.

•
_

_

3

PO WER-TRUCK OP ERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

WATCHMEN!
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
•
-

-

_
•

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

-

2
117

-

215
150
150

_

12
236
166
70
41
29

21

13
6

22
19
19

_

_
_

_

_

Table A-5a.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments

in Newark N.J., January 1976
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
I
I
1
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
&
$
$
$
$
s
$
s
S
2.20 2*J0 2*40 2.50 2.60 2.60 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.20 4.60 5.00 5.<*0 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60
and
under

$

Occupation and industry division
Mean 2

2.30 2.^0 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80
ALL WORKERS

$

$

$

8.46

8.43

.20 4.60 5.00__ 5.4U 5.80 6.20 6. 6 0 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60 oyer

$

6.57

6.87

6.90
7.51

7.02
9.23
5.20
5.11

5 02
5.52
6.17

655

44

12

21

40
13

98

5.03

1,903

17

4.88- 5.72

83

39

5.58- 7.02
5.42- 9.23

5.51

10
1

6.1810.87
5.80- 6.87
6.18- 6.87

13
12

1,045

27

128 *136
128
136

137

20
18

*
271

137

TR UCK0RIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK

, '1 r L A,
* i

13

MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

1,073
498
575
213
„r-

3

5.98- 6.70
6.70- 7.75

6.32

4.18- 6.97
3.68- 6.97

4.56
4.90

4.59
4.77

4.07- 5.13
4.44- 5.13

-

, /,Q
4.72

/( ^

4# 49

-

4.54

4.00

3.464.182.562.53-

5.16

5 01
5.01

5..>1
161
115

19

6.65
6.70

527
S H IP PI NG PA CK ER S ---------------------

'

5.53
5.23
5.80
6.97

lliril

MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------nonmanufacturing:

1,726
372

-

-

2

3

35

62

47

35

31

35
20

62
22

47
12

35
B

31
3

5

4.74

4|63
3.72
4.47

RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

* W o r k e r s we r e distributed as follows:
at $ 12.60 to $ 13.

61
132

7b

73

306

40

9

10
10

9

14
2

8

13

4

6

29
24

19
19

35
35

27
23

147
132
15

199
186
13
7

53

Gd
29
59
4

50
46

311

S5
48
3

24

23

22

24
9

23
9

22
9

1

1

<♦1

257

49

4.61

4.69
4^58
5.01
5.47
3.21

3.32

28
5

133

'7

15

1

4l28- bl47
2.70- 3.56

-

1

1

6

2

24

48
564
408
176
59

197
46
149
14*

1

-

-

104

23

50
3

21

104

23

47

69
22
47

39

10

10

11

26

3

29
17

-

4

-

“

1

21

l''?
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

57

-

-

-

-

-

46
46

1J 1
81

22

22

22

48
40

-

-

-

-

-

19

-

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
31
24

bb

331
216
115
79

21

“

1
-9

33

155

44

-

190

1 8

218
174
44

13

211

10

8

4

1
36

13

-

9' 0
310

79

15
30

15

1

-

5

155

44

4.05- 5.01
4.33- 5.09
3.46- 5.01

7

15
17

5
6

5

46

62
24

15

3.87- 5.32

7

1

1

56

22
229

83

19

166
63
13

19

8

-

36 at $ 9 to $ 9.40; 1 at $10.20 to $10.60; 3 at $10.60 to $11; 2 at $11 to $11.40; 18 at $11.40 to $11.80; 64 at $11.80 to $12.20; 11 at $12.20 to $12.60; and 1

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




131

-

3^23- 4 ) 2 2

4.34
5.02

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS ---

2,021
1,121

3^75
4.72

143
GUARDS:

29

1
194

15

16

86

1

-

28
3
25
9

16
16

12

29
29

9

1

-

14
14

4.62- 5.76

2.50- 3.87
3.87- 5.32

“

50
10

36
J6

36
36

137
6

38
36

59

5.56- 6.75
. .rx

28
24

11

46

20




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, in Newark, N.J., January 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings4

MA IN TE NA NC E. TOOLROOM, AND
P O W E RP LA NT O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATE RI AL MOVE ME NT AND CU ST OD IA L
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

MA IN TE NA NC E c a r p e n t e r s -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

3 12
207
105
52

MAINTE NA NC E E L E C TR IC IA NS ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G — — ---- --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------------

986

868
118
69

$
6 .7 1
6 .6 3
6 .8 7
6 .2 3
6 .9 9
6 .3 9
7 .1 9
7 .3 0

material

---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------- ---------- -

191
162

6 .5 1
6 .3 1

M A I N TE NA NC E MA CH IN IS TS -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------- ---------- -

6 67
699

5,295
1,186
9,109
1,990
1,978
78

PU BLIC UTIL IT IE S

1 ,9 3 7
1 ,2 3 3
209

6 .2 3
6 .1 9
6 .5 2

6

$
5.36
5.07
6.09
6.3tJ

I5 3

A/
7 19

PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S
POWE R- TR UC K OPER AT OR S

(OTHER
67
*

6. J

' 17
**"^6
3*861

TR UCKORIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK

3 O'

WrlULt jflLt 1 AUL
2*2?
r i 7

3,926

TR UCKORIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK

guards

1 9 223
maintenance

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

custodial

TR UC KD RI VE RS * MEDIUM TRUCK

PU RLIC U T IL IT IE S
MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S (MACHINERY) M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

and

$

6 .3 3
6 .3 2

painters

movement

Number
of
workers

O C CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CONT IN UE D

099
maintenance

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

:

mechanics

(MOTOR VEHICLES) — --- -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------WH OLESALE TRADE ----------------

956
16^
7 92
6 90
1 13

6 .8 9
6 .9 1
6 .9 3
7 .0 6
6 .7 1

MA IN TE NA NC E PI PE FI TT ER S ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------- --- --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

7 76
7 16
60

6 .7 6
6 .7 3
7 .0 9

MA IN TE NA NC E SH EET-METAL WO RK ER S --MANU FA CT UR IN G --- -----------------

107

100

6 .6 1
6 .5 9

MI LL WR IG HT S — ------------ ---- ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- -— --- ----------

3 77
3 55

6 .7 3
6 .7 0

7C03

100
299
M A NU FA CT UR IN G

r

9.92

192
73
69

9 .9 2
9 .6 6
5 .1 9

MACHIN E- TO OL OPER AT OR S (TOOLROOM) M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

273
273
7 99
709

_

MA TERIAL MOVE ME NT AN D CUSTODIAL
WOMEN
'"*38

r IL L cK

j

” w * — * ■ ” ***
"
*

2?^

150
j

101

7 .1 2
7 .1 3
7 .1 0

B O IL ER 'T EN DE RS ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

297
1 73
79

,,

85

janitors,

377
290
137

3.11

5 06

6 .6 7
6 .5 9

ST AT IO NA RY ENGI NE ER S ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3.55

PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S

6 .6 0
6 .6 0

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

9,989
1,902
3,582

*

^ 1QO
MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES HE LP ER S --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

JANITORS* PORTtRS* AND CL EANERS ---

5 .5 9
5 .7 7

PORTERS, AND CL EANERS ---

1*929

2 .9 9

1,758
1,527

2.76

9 .9 7

1 •233
1,213

See fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .

21




T a b le A - 6 a .

A v e ra g e

h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in t e n a n c e , t o o lr o o m ,

p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t , a n d c u s t o d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in N e w a r k , N . J . , J a n u a r y 1976

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

(mean^)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

earnings4

MAINTE NA NC E * TOOLROOM, AND
PO WE RP LA NT O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
woikers earnings 4

MATE RI AL m o v e m e n t AND CU ST OD IA L
O C C U PA TI ON S - M E N — CONT IN UE D
$ _
Hn

" C

TR UCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK

I* MO
6#8J

rj

T. ~

985

1 r^ U ’ CT
—

■*48
"67

$
7*^1
7.-.1

92

7*09
110
310
MA IN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S

82

6*^7

6*Z?

(MACHINERY) -

_
539
-.3)

59
. rr T
-.

^ in
Z* 1 n
f• lv

.t .Tr-. ..

ulllrM

, .n

r \ r ~ .r -. , r -

9S0

7*c-o
SB
89
G«-

9.69
4. _
*

906

*1
f|
t/*/ ,

r -»«
-

775

131

377

6.70

G.Oi-

1,677
356

3 49
9.77

nonmanufacturing:

89
J. f D
^*70
MACHIN E- TO OL OPER AT OR S

(TOOLROOM) -

210

6.96

399

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS ---

529
939
265
1S7
108

GUARDS*
9 .7 9

1*614

9 .7 5

57

7.36
7.99

91

6 ^0

MA TERIAL MO VLMENT AND CU STODIAL
O C C U PA TI ON S - WOMEN

AND CUSTOOIAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

material

movement

9 .7 9

1,099
655
559

0 '7
6.36
6.57

janitors, porters,

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

22

AND CLEA NE RS ---

907

9.07

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment
shifts, in Newark, N.J., January 1975 to January 1976
J a n u a r y 1975
to
J a n u a r y 1976

Industry a n d occupational g r o u p
( m e n and w o m e n combined)

A l l industries:
Office c l e r i c a l ___________ _________ _________ _______
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ___ __
__ __________
Indu s t r i a l n u r s e s _________________________________ __
Skilled m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s __________ ______________
U n s k i l l e d p lant w o r k e r s ________ _________ __ _____

7.5
7.0
7.9
8.7
6.8

Manufacturing:
Office c l e r i c a l _______________ __ __ __ _____ — __
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g _______ _________ _____
I n d ustrial n u r s e s ____ _________ _____ _________ ___
Skilled m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s __________ _________ ___
U n s k i l l e d p lant w o r k e r s ____ _____ _____ _____ __

6.4
4.0
7.1
7.7
9.2

Nonmanufacturing:
Office c l e r i c a l ____ __ __ __ __
Electronic data p r o c e s s i n g
I n d ustrial n u r s e s ____ _________
Skilled m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s
__
U n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s ____ __

8.6
8.2
*
*
5.5

..

„ — __ ..
_____ __
__
__ _____ __ __ __
_____ __ __ __ ___
__ .. ____________

* Data do not me e t publication criteria.

Footnotes4
3
2
1
1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. The me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification wa s provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for wo rk on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




23

Appendix A
A r e a w age and r e la t e d b en efits data a r e obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v i s it s
o f Bureau field r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In each o f the i n t e r ­
venin g y e a r s , in f o r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c cu p a t io n a l ea r n in g s is c o l ­
le c te d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te lephon e
in ter v iew f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v i o u s su r v ey .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in du stry d iv is io n s within the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , are
not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e eith er (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a ll to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e se n ta tio n , o r
(2) th er e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in div id ual es t a b lis h m e n t data.
Sepa­
rate m e n ' s and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d when the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s not id en tified by s e x is 2 0 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
id en tified in an o c cu p a t io n .
E a rn in gs data not shown se p a r a t e l y f o r in du stry
d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r all in d u str ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e ,
data a r e in clu ded in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c la s s if ic a t i o n o f
e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r ­
m a tion to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a ila b le .

In eac h o f the 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data are obtain ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e es t a b lis h m e n t s within six b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s :
M an u fa c­
turin g; tr a n sp o rt a tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth er publi c u tilities ; w h o le sa le
tr a d e; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in du stry g rou ps ex clu d e d f r o m th e se studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e o f in su ffic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a t io n s studied.
Separate tabula tions ar e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blica tion c r i t e r i a .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a rn in gs data
e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h olid a y s , and
late sh ifts. N on production b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l lo w a n c e s
and in cen tive bo n u se s a r e in clu d ed .
W eek ly h ours f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to ' the standard w o rk w e e k
(roun ded to the n e a r e s t half hour) f o r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e re g u la r
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r
p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea r n in g s f o r th ese o c c u p a t io n s ar e rounded
to the n e a r e s t half d o ll a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a sa m p le b a s i s .
The sam plin g
p r o c e d u r e s in volve d e t a ile d st ra tifica tio n o f all e s t a b lis h m e n t s within the
s c o p e o f an in div idu al a r e a s u r v e y by in du stry and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this st ra tifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e l e c t e d , with each
est a b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t io n . To obtain optim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts i s s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h est a b lis h m e n t is
w eig hted a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b ili t y o f s e l e c t io n , so that unbiased e s t im a te s
are generated.
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f fou r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g iven a w eight o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plu s th r e e o t h e r s .
An alternate
o f the sa m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ili t y is c h o s e n in the sa m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
fic a tion i f data ar e not a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig i n a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
If no
suitable substitute i s a v a ila b le , additional w eig ht is a s sig n ed to a sa m ple
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O cc u p a tio n s and earn ing s
O cc u p a tion s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u f a c ­
turin g and nonm an ufacturin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the follow in g ty p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l ; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o l r o o m ,
and pow erp la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O ccu p ation a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c ou n t o f in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r ia t io n in du ties within the sa m e j o b .
O ccu­
patio ns s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r i b e d in ap pendix B.
U nle ss
o t h e r w is e in d ic a ted , the e a r n in g s data f o llo w in g the j o b title s ar e f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b i n e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s lis te d and2
1
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y .; R aleigh N.
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U .S. Department o f Labor.




24

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e arn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in dividu al o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d wage c h a n g e s . The a v e r a g e s f o r in div id ual jo b s
a r e a f f e c te d by ch a n g es in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tter n s.
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y cha nge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e t te r j o b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shifts in e m p lo y m e n t co u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
pa tion al a v e r a g e ev en though m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w ag es
during the y e a r .
C hanges in ea r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , shown in table
A - 7 , a r e b e t te r i n d ic a t o r s o f w age tr e n d s than ar e earn in g s c ha ng es fo r
in dividu al j o b s within the g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e arn in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . In dustries
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in pay l e v e l and j o b staffin g, and thus c ontrib ute
d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t im a t e s f o r eac h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w age d if f e r e n t ia l a m on g jo b s in in dividual est a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc cu p a tion s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s within in div id ual
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w hich m a y c on trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in clude p r o ­
g r e s s i o n within e s t a b lis h e d rate r a n g e s (only the r a te s pa id in cu m b en ts are
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties within the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
descriptions.
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u sed to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s
u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose u sed in in div id ual e sta b lis h m en ts
and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties
perform ed.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the total in all e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts within the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r actu ally s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed f r o m the sa m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s studied
s e r v e on ly to in d icate the r e la t iv e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s studied.
T h e se
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l stru c tu re do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of
the ea r n in g s data.
Wage tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a t io n a l g rou ps

The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in table A - 7 are b a s e d on c ha ng es
in av e r a g e h o u r ly ea r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the tren d j o b s in both
the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tched e s t a b lis h m e n t s ) .
The data ar e
ad ju sted to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e ea r n in g s o f e m p lo y m e n t shifts
am ong e s t a b lis h m e n t s and tu r n o v e r of e st a b lis h m e n t s in clu d ed in su r v e y
sam ples.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c te d by f a c t o r s
oth er than w age i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
e sta b lis h m en t a v e r a g e f o r an o c cu p a t io n when w o r k e r s ar e paid under plans
providin g a range o f w age r a te s f o r in dividu al j o b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , f o r e x a m p le , new e m p l o y e e s en ter at the bottom o f the ran ge,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e without a change in wage r a te s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m en and w o m e n ) :

Skilled m a in tenance (men
and w o m e n ) :

Com puter system s
a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
Com puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
Com puter o p era tors ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

Carpenters
E lectricia ns
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a ch in ery )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v eh ic le)
P ip e f i t t e r s
T o o l and die m a k e r s

In dustria l n u r s e s (m en and
w om en ):
R e g i s t e r e d in d u stria l
nurses
P e r c e n t ch a n g es f o r indiv:
as f o l l o w s :

U n skilled plant (men and
w o m e n ):
J a n i to r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a te r ia l handling l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m ar e com pu ted

O ccu p ation s u sed to com pu te wage tr e n d s a r e :

O ffice c l e r i c a l (men and
w om en ):

O ffice c l e r i c a l (men and
w o m e n )----Continued

S ecretaries
S t e n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S t e n o g r a p h e rs , se n io r
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itch boa rd o p e r a t o r s
O rder clerk s

A c co u n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e
opera tors, class B
P a y roll clerks
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T abulating - m a c hine
o p era tors , class B

E a ch o c cu p a t io n is a s s i g n e d a weight b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p ortion ate e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a t io n a l group in the
b a se y e a r .

2.
The p e r c e n t cha nges r elate to w age ch a n g es between the in dicated
d a tes.
When the tim e span between s u r v e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a t e s ar e shown.
(It i s a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b etw een s u r v e y s .)

1.

T h e s e w eigh ts a r e u sed to com p u te grou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e (mean) earn in g s is m u ltiplied
by it s weight.
The p r o d u c ts ar e totaled to obtain a
g rou p a v e r a g e .

3.

The ratio o f g rou p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
com p u te d by div id ing the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r ren t y ear
by the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 1 0 0 is the p e r ce n t change.

F o r a m o r e detailed d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m ethod used to com pute these
w age t r e n d s , se e "I m p r o v in g A r e a Wage Survey In dexes, " Monthly L a b o r
R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p lem en ta r y w age p r o v i s io n s




T ab u lations on s e l e c t e d est a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su pplem en tary
w ag e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this bulletin. I n f o r ­
m a tion f o r th ese tabula tions is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 T h e s e tabu­
la tion s on m i n im u m e n tr a n ce s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d if f e r e n t ia ls ; sch eduled w eek ly h ours and d a y s ; paid h olida ys; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and pen sion plans ar e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta bles)
in p r e v i o u s bu lletin s f o r th is a r e a .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

Appendix table 1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
.
in Newark, N.J.,1January 1976

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

all

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W i t h in s c o p e ,
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

establishments

ALL DI VISIONS ------------------------------------------ --------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------TRANSPOR TA TI ON , CO MM UNICATION, AND
OTHER PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE
-------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
-----------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND HEAL E S T A T E 6 -------S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------------manufacturing

-

1 ,2 0 6

248

^ 5 2 ,9 1 2

10u

1 8 4 ,5 4 9

100
-

502
706

95
153

1 5 6 ,1 5 9
1 9 6 ,7 5 3

44
56

6 7 ,9 1 0
1 1 6 ,6 3 9

100
50
100

S8
175
90
149
234

22
35
23
32
41

3 9 ,4 3 4
2 7 ,7 8 8
4 2 ,2 6 9
4 4 ,9 7 7
4 2 ,2 8 5

11

12
13
18

3 3 ,9 4 2
1 3 ,8 2 3
2 6 ,5 0 6
2 5 ,0 3 5
1 7 ,3 3 3

_

137

66

1 9 3 ,8 9 1

10J

1 5 5 .2 9 1

50 0

65
72

36
50

7 9 ,9 9 2
1 1 3 ,8 9 9

41
59

5 5 ,4 9 4
9 9 ,7 9 7

13
3
16
30
5

11

11
16
4

3 3 ,1 2 6
1 0 ,1 1 1
2 7 ,3 1 0
3 1 ,8 3 7
1 1 ,5 1 5

l r
5
14
16

3 1 ,9 6 2
1 0 ,1 1 1
2 3 ,9 7 3
2 2 ,7 4 4
1 0 ,9 6 7

so
50

6

LARGE ESTA BL IS HM EN TS
ALL DI VISIONS --------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- -----------------------------TRANSPOR TA TI ON , CO MM UNICATION, AND
OTHER PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------W H OL ES AL E TRADE --------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, ANU R E a L E S T A T E 6 -------S E R V I C E S 7 ----------------------------------------

500
50 0

son
500
500

8

o

1 T h e N e w a r k S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f E s s e x , M o r r i s ,
S o m e r s e t , a n d U n io n C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f
t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r le v e ls
s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 J n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
f in a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , an d m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s * a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w it h i n t h e a r e a ) |at o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " f i n a n c e " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
7 H o t e ls an d m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); an d e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




26

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r i m a r y p u r p o s e of p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s i s t
it s f ie ld staff in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p rop r ia te o c cu p a t io n s w o r k e r s who ar e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o l l title s and diffe r e n t w ork a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m est a b lis h m e n t to est a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m i t s the groupin g o f o c c u p a t io n a l wage r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e of this e m p h a s is on in te r e st a b lish m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ili t y of o c c u p a t io n a l content, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r sign ifican tly f r o m th ose in use in in div id ual e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r those
p r e p a r e d f o r oth er p u r p o s e s . In applying th ese jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m i s t s ar e
in s t r u c t e d to ex clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h andic apped,
p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— Continued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in div id ual.
M ain ­
tain s a c l o s e and highly r e s p o n s iv e r ela tion s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o rk o f the
supervisor.
W ork s f a i r l y independently r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m of detailed
s u p e r v is io n and guidan ce.
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l du ties,
usually in cluding m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

May a l s o p e r f o r m oth er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta sks o f c o m p a r a b le
nature and d ifficu lty .
The w o r k ty p ic a l ly r e q u i r e s knowledge o f o f f i c e routine
and understandin g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r ela ted to
the w o r k of the s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s

a.
a n sw e r s routine
persons;

R e c e i v e s te lephon e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a i l ,
i n q u ir ie s , and rou tes t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
Not all p o s itio n s that ar e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r ­
acteristics.
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w hich ar e e x clu ded f r o m the defin it io n are
as f o l l o w s :
b. E s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;
a. P o s i tio n s w hich do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t
c . Maintains the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a len d a r and m a k es appoin tments as
d e s c r i b e d above;
in stru cted ;
b. S te n o g r a p h e rs not fully trained in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;
d. R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r v i s o r to su bordin ates;
c . S ten og r a p h ers se r v in g as o f f i c e as sista n ts to a group o f p r o f e s ­
e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
sio n a l, te c h n ic a l , or m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
oth er s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's signature to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p og ra p h ic
accuracy;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the du ties a r e eit her substa ntially
m o r e routine o r substantia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r ­
f. P e r f o r m s stenog raph ic and typing w o r k .
a c t e r i z e d in the defin it ion;




Beginning with calen dar y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the Bu reau has g rou p ed o c c u p a t io n s studied in its
a r e a wage su rvey s into j o b f a m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e se n t in fo rm a t io n on r e la t e d o c c u p a t io n s in s eq u en c e.
Job f a m ilie s have not been title d, h o w e v e r , since doing so m igh t have added e x tr a n eou s e le m e n t s to the
j o b m a tching p r o c e s s .
The Bu reau has a ls o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n a l t itle s .
w o r d o r d e r and are m o r e d e s c r ip t i v e o f the s u r v e y j o b s .

27

The t itle s m o r e n e a r ly r e f l e c t usual

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n t i n u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

E x c l u s i c r s— C onti nue d

C lass C

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w hich in volve m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h os e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s i b l e te c h n ic a l , a d m in is t r a tiv e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s i b il ity is not equiv alent to one o f the s p e c if i c l e v e l situations in the defin it io n
dutie s w hich a r e not t y p ic a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
f o r c l a s s B, but w hose o r g a n iz a ti o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at lea st s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u su a lly div ided into o r g a n iz a ti o n a l se g m e n ts w hich ar e
often , in turn, fu rt h e r su bd ivided. In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l in c l u d e s a
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l defin itions
w ide range o f o r g a n iz a ti o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , only one o r two; o r
f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s who have a sign ifican t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o lic y m a k in g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v it ie s .
The title " v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in div id ual plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . (or
p r e s id e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in dicative o f this r o l e , d o e s not in all c a s e s
o th e r equiv alent l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, fe w e r than 5, 000
id entify such p o s it io n s .
V i c e p r e s id e n t s w hose p r i m a r y r e s p o n s ib ili t y is to
p e r s o n s .1
*
act p e r s o n a l l y on in div idu al c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t io n s [ e . g . , a p p rov e o r deny
in div id ual loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m in ist e r in div id ual tr u st a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t l y
Class D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) ar e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f applying the follow in g le v e l de fin it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
Class A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s sista n t, sk illed te ch nicia n, o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
Many c o m p a n ie s a s sig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , rath er than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (other than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e sid e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r
than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s eg m en t o r s u b s id i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in all,
o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

Class B

P r i m a r y duty is to take dicta tion usin g sh orthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the dictation .
M ay a l s o type f r o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
May o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s (if p r i m a r y
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , see T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is dis tin g u is h ed f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip with only one m a n a g e r
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b defin ition.

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in all, f e w e r than 1 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (other than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e sid e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 1 0 0 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d ia t e ly b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n ction al a ctivity ( e . g . , m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u str ia l r e la t io n s , etc .) cir a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s eg m en t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in div id ual plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . (or
oth er equiv alent l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im portan t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r of an o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t
often in volvin g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .




S t e n o g r a p h e r, G e n e r a l
keep

D ictatio n in v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u l a r y .
M ay main tain f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth dr r e l a t i v e l y routin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s .
S t e n o g r a p h e r, S en ior

D ictation in v o l v e s a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h .
May a ls o set up and
main tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc .
OR
P e r f o r m s st e n o g r a p h ic du ties r e q u ir i n g sign ifican tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l as ev id en ced by the
f o llo w in g :
W ork r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s ten og r a p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orough w ork in g kn ow ledge o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e tc .
U s e s this k n ow led ge in p e r f o r m i n g s ten og r a p h ic dutie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l task s such as m ain taining f ollow u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b li n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g sim p le le t te r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; readin g and routin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw er in g
routin e q u e s t io n s , e tc .

TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY PIST

SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y duty is. to t r a n s c r i b e dic tation in volvin g a n o r m a l routine
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s .
May also type f r o m w ritten
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w ork .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g dic tatio n in volvin g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le gal b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h ar e not in cluded .
A w o r k e r who ta kes dicta tion in
shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s i m il a r m a ch in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a st e n o g r a p h e r.

O p e ra te s a telephon e sw itch boa rd o r c o n s o le used with a priv ate
br a n c h exch an ge (P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tg oing, and in tr a s y s te m
calls.
M ay p r o v i d e in fo rm a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a l l s p la ced and toll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s operating a telephone
s w it ch b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , m a y a lso type o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w ork
(typing o r routine c l e r i c a l w ork m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r portio n of the w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is usu ally p e r f o r m e d while at the sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ief
o r lead o p e r a t o r s in es t a b lis h m e n t s em p loy in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r are
e x clu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r who a lso acts as a r e c e p t io n is t , see Sw itchboard
O p era tor-R eception ist.

TYPIST
Uses a ty p e w r i t e r to make c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l s o r to make
out bills after c a lc u la tio n s have been m ade by another p e r s o n .
May include
typing of s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m il a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicatin g p r o ­
cesses.
May do c l e r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tr ainin g, such as
keeping sim p le r e c o r d s , filing r e c o r d s ' a n d r e p o r t s , o r sorting and dis trib uting
in com in g m a il.
Cla'ss A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of the f o llo w in g : Typing m a t e r i a l
in fin al f o r m when it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r c o r r e c t sp ellin g, sy lla b ica tio n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n language m a t e r ia l ; o r planning layout and
typing o f c o m p li c a t e d st a t ist ica l ta bles to m ain tain u n ifor m ity and ba la nce in
spacing. May type routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v aryin g details to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough o r c l e a r
o r setting up
alrea d y set up

B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ; Copy typing f r o m
dr a fts ; o r routine typing o f f o r m s , in su r a n ce p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
sim ple standard ta bu lation s; o r copying m o r e c o m p l e x ta bles
and sp aced p r o p e r l y .

FILE C LE RK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an esta b lis h e d filing
system .
May p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and manual tasks r e q u ir e d to main tain f i l e s .
P o s i tio n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into le v e ls on the b a s i s o f the follow in g defin itions.
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d ex es file m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l do c u m e n t s, e tc ., in an est a b lis h e d filing sy stem
contain in g a num ber of v a r ied su b ject m a tter f i l e s .
May a lso file this
m aterial.
May k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s types in c onjun ction with the f i l e s .
M ay lead a s m a ll grou p of low er l e v e l file c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r ts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i f ie d m a t e r i a l by sim ple
(su b je ct m a tt e r) headin gs o r partly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by fin e r subheadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le r ela ted index and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s. A s r e q u e ste d ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id en tified m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l .
May
p e r f o r m r elated c l e r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to maintain and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C.
P e r f o r m s routine filing o f m a t e r i a l that has a lre a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w hich is e a s ily c l a s s i f i e d in a sim p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , alpha betica l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l ) .
A s re q u e ste d ,
l o c a t e s r e a d il y availab le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith draw al c h a r g e .
May p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v i c e f ile s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , operatin g
m i n o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and dis trib uting
m a il, and o th er m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clude po s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p er a tion
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sign ifican t duty.




29

SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te lephon e sw itch b oa rd o r c o n s o l e , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — see Sw itch board O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
w o rk in v o l v e s such duties as g re e t in g v i s i t o r s ; det e rm in in g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s i n e s s and p r ovid in g ap p ro p r ia te in f o r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p riate p e r s o n in the or g a n iz a tion o r contactin g that p e r s o n by telephone and
ar r a n g in g an ap pointm ent; keepin g a log o f v i s i t o r s .
O RD ER C L E R K
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a il,
phone, o r p e r s o n a ll y .
Duties in volve any c om bin a tion o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; makin g out an o r d e r sheet listing the it e m s to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r i c e s and quantities o f it e m s on o r d e r sheet;
and distribu ting o r d e r sheets to r e s p e c t i v e d epa rtm en ts to be f ille d .
May
c h e c k with c r e d i t d epa rtm en t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t rating o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n ow l­
edge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to see that they
have been f ill e d , keep file o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and ch eck shipping in v o i c e s
with o r ig i n a l o r d e r s .
AC COUNTIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accountin g c l e r i c a l ta sks such as posting to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank ac c ou n ts ; v erify in g the in terna l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting d oc u m en ts;
a s sign in g p r e s c r i b e d accoun tin g dis tr ib u tion c o d e s ; examinin g and v erify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s types of r e p o r t s , lis t s , ca lc u la tio n s , postin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t i n g i n ’p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l
vouchers.
May w ork in either a manual o r automated accounting s y s t e m .
The w o rk r e q u ir e s a knowledge o f c l e r i c a l m ethod s and o f f ic e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w hich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and accountin g in fo rm a t io n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
ty p ic a l ly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r with the book k eeping and accounting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a knowledge
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f bookkeeping and accountin g.
P o s i t io n s
d e f in it io n s .

ar e

classified

into

le v e ls

on the

b a sis o f the follow in g

C l a s s A . Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w hich r e q u ir e the application o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju dgm en t, f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p li c a t e d o r nonrepetitive accountin g t r a n s ­
actions, s e l e c t in g am ong a substa ntial v a r iety o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a ct io n s through p r e v io u s accounting
actions to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s siste d by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B accounting c l e r k s .

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — C o n t in u e d

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

C l a s s B . Under c l o s e s u p e r v i s io n , f o llo w in g detailed in st ru ct io n s
and sta n d a r d iz ed p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accoun tin g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as postin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w here
id e n tifica tio n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p os tin g s ar e c l e a r l y in dicated; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f stan dardized and r e p e tit iv e r e c o r d s o r
a c c ou n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m en ts usin g a few p r e s c r i b e d
accoun tin g c o d e s .

O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic a n d / o r
n u m e r ic data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r without a ty p e w r i t e r k e y ­
boa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a knowledge o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b ook k eep in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y with the stru c tu re
o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c ou n tin g s y s t e m u sed.
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
dis tr ib u tion o f debit and c r e d i t it e m s to be u sed in eac h phase of the w ork .
May p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s es o r s e c tio n s o f a
set of r e c o r d s usu ally r e q u ir in g little knowle dge of b a s i c book k eepin g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in clude a c c o u n ts pa ya ble, p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c ou n ts (not
in cluding a sim p le type o f billin g d e s c r i b e d under m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u tion , e x p en s e d is tr ib u tion , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l , e tc .
May ch e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets f o r the accountin g
d ep a rtm en t.
MACHIN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s st a t e m e n ts, b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a ch in e oth er than an
o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r .
May a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to billin gs
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o r k in ciden tal to billin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type
o f m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :
B i llin g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m a ch in e (c om b in a tion
typin g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i lls and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d u m s , etc.
Usually in v o l v e s a p p lic a tion o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be c om pu ted on
the billin g m a ch in e,
and totals w hich ar e a u to m a t ica lly a c c u m u la ted by
m a c h in e .
The op e r a t io n u su ally in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i ll being p r e p a r e d and i s often done on a fanfold m a ch in e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . Uses a book k eeping m a ch in e (with o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i lls as part o f the
a c c o u n ts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a l ly in v o l v e s the sim ultaneous en try o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and usu ally prin ts au to­
m a t i c a l l y the deb it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a knowledge o f b o o k ­
k eepin g.
W ork s f r o m u n if o r m and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK
C om p u tes w ag es o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and en ter s the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o l l sh eets .
Duties in v o l v e : C a lcula tin g w o r k e r s ' earn ing s
b a s e d on tim e o r pr o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and postin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll
sheet, showin g in f o r m a t io n such as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w ork in g da ys, ti m e , r ate,
dedu ction s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and total w a g es due.
M ay m ake out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in makin g up and distribu ting pay e n v e lo p e s .
May use a
ca lc u la tin g m a c h in e .




P o s i t io n s
definitions.

ar e

classified

into

le v e l s

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C l a s s A.
Work r e q u i r e s the ap plication o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgm ent
in s e l e c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e l e c t in g , o r c od in g it e m s to be keypunched f r o m a v a r ie t y of s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a lso p e r f o r m s o m e routin e keypunch w o r k .
May
tr a in i n e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B.
W ork is routine and re p e tit iv e .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v i s io n
o r follow in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s which have been c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c if i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r i b e d in d eta il and r e q u ir e little o r no
s e l e c t in g , co d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta bu la tor, c a l c u ­
la t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x clu d ed f r o m
th is defin ition ar e w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d ar e o p e r a t o r s of
e le c t r o n i c dig it a l c o m p u t e r s , even though they m a y a ls o op er a te e l e c t r i c
accoun tin g m a ch in e equipm ent.
P o s i t io n s
d efin ition s .

ar e

classified

into

le v e l s

on the

b a s i s o f the follow in g

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and tabulating a s sig n m e n ts
in cluding d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l panel w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a l ly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w hich
often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir i n g s o m e planning of the nature
and seq uen cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the use of a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
ty p ic a l ly in v o lv e d in trainin g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r trainin g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the operating s e q u e n c e s
o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s it io n s in which w iring
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is lim ite d to s e l e c t io n and in s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r pa rts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d ifficu lt tabula ting o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c ou n tin g m a ch in e s such as
the ta bu la tor and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad dition to the s i m p l e r m a ch in e s u sed by
class C operators.
M ay be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C l a s s C . Under s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s sim ple tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l accoun tin g m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p ro d u c in g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a l ly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , in dividu al so r tin g o r co lla t in g runs, o r r e p e tit iv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r f o r m s im p le w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e filing w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r solvin g
them by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m ent.
D evelop s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r ip t i o n o f a ll s p e c if i c a t io n s n eeded to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d digital c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
Work in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to be automated and id en tifies c ondition s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m ber and
types o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and do c u m e n t s to be u sed; outlines ac tion s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in sufficien t detail f o r presen ta tion
to m a na gem ent and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly this in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n of
w o rk and data flow c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t of test p r o b l e m s and
p a r t ic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s equ ip­
ment cha nges to obtain m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(NO TE:
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a lys is and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s analysts if this is the sk ill u sed to d e t e r m i n e th eir pay.)

C l a s s C.
W ork s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v i s io n , c a r r y in g out an aly­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , usu ally o f a single ac tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n t s ar e des ign ed to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the application of p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s an a ly s is w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s analyst by p r e p a r in g the detailed sp e c if i c a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d by the higher l e v e l analyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e r t s statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s analyst, into a seq u en ce o f detailed in stru ctio n s which are r e q u ir e d
to solve the p r o b l e m s by autom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equipment.
Workin g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in stru ction s which,
when en te r e d into the c o m p u te r sy st e m in c o d e d la nguage, c a u se the m a n ip u ­
lation o f data to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ili t ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r su bject m a tt e r in v o lv e d to analyze c h a rt s and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq uen ce o f p r o g r a m
s tep s; w r it e s detailed flow c h a rt s to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th ese c h a rt s to c o d e d in st ru ct io n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r operating p e r s o n n e l
during p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m ain tains r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(NO TE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s an a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s analysts
if this is the sk ill u sed to d e t e r m i n e th eir pay.)

D oes not include e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n of oth er e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s analysts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tif i c o r en gin eerin g p r o b l e m s .
F o r wage study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s analysts are c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C l a s s A.
W ork s independently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s in volvin g all ph ases o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is.
P r o b l e m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e of d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts of output data.
( F o r ex a m p le, d e v e lo p s an in tegrated production s c h e d ­
uling, in ven tor y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a lys is r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y item of each type is a u tom a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the full sy stem
o f r e c o r d s and a p p rop r ia te follow u p actions ar e initiated by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n f e r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e rm in e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v is e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s of new o r r e v is e d
s y s t e m s of data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s .
M akes r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , if n eeded,
f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in stallations o r cha nges and f o r obtaining
equipm ent.

D oes not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v i s io n of oth er e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tif ic a n d / o r en gin eerin g p r o b l e m s .
For

May pr ov id e function al d ir e c t io n
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

to

lo w e r

p r o g r a m m e r s ar e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in dependently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w hich r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in all ph ases o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W orkin g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a rt s which id entify
the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to be a c c o m p li s h e d ,
and the r e la t io n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s steps o f the p r o b le m solvin g routin e;
plans the full range of p r o g r a m m i n g ac tion s n eeded to e ffic ie n tly utilize the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ievin g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

C l a s s B.
W ork s independently o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that are r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to an alyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s ar e of lim ite d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
are h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data ar e c l o s e l y related.
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r main taining d e p o s it o r ac c ou n ts in a bank, maintaining
accou n ts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e ta il est a b lis h m e n t , o r main taining in ven tory
a c c o u n ts in a m a nu factu ring o r w h o le sa le est a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s with p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e rm in e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be applied.

At this l e v e l, p r o g r a m m i n g is d ifficu lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n t s . A wide v a r ie t y and ex ten siv e num ber
o f in ter n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
This r e q u i r e s such actions as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w hich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m en t of
linkage points betw een o p e r a t io n s , ad ju stm ents to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o ra g e c a p a c it y , and substantial manipulation and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a highly in teg ra ted p r o g r a m .

OR
W or k s on a segm en t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A.
W orks independently on routine a s sig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and guid ance on c o m p l e x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju dgm en t, c o m p li a n c e with i n s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
alignment with the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage study p u r p o s e s ,

le v e l s y s t e m s analysts

M ay p r o v i d e fu nction al d i r e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who are
a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

31

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n t i n u e d

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t i n u e d

C l a s s B . W or k s in dependently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e l a t i v e l y sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) usu ally p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e data in two
o r th r ee v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis tin g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
refin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m i n o r additions to o r deletion s f r o m
input data w hich a r e r e a d il y a v a ila b le .
While n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g of data c an be tes ted by using a few routin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d ea ls with routine r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

m a j o r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b ly short t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ ations, d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and takes c o r r e c t i v e a ction .
This
u su a lly i n v o l v e s applying p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e steps, o r using
standard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .

OR
W ork s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) under c l o s e
d i r e c t i o n o f a high er l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
May a s s i s t high er
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in dependently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s difficu lt task s a s sig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e difficu lt task s under f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
May guide o r in s t ru ct lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C.
M akes p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u su ally le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr ainin g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n t s are
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to
routine p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e with r e q u ir e d
procedures.

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a dig ital c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to op e r a tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su ally p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W or k in clu des m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m i n e equ ipm ent setup and o p e r a t io n s ; loa ds equip m ent with r e q u ir e d
it e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; sw it ch e s n e c e s s a r y au x ilia ry equ ipm ent into
c i r c u i t , and starts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s adju stm ents to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t op e r a tin g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l co n d itio n s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
during o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in tains op er a tin g r e c o r d s .
May te s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
For

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

com puter

operators

are

classified

as

follow s:
C l a s s A . O p e r a te s in dependently , o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e f r eq u en tly te s te d and in tr o d u c e d ; sch edulin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
ar e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e dow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s ar e of
c o m p l e x de s ig n so that ide n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u i r e s a w ork in g
k n ow led ge o f the tota l p r o g r a m , and alternate p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ilab le.
May give d i r e c t i o n and guidan ce to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B.
O p e ra te s in depen den tly, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s ar e e s t a b lis h e d pr o d u c tio n r u n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; th er e is little o r no testin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig i n a l p r o g r a m n eeds




OR
O p e r a te s under d i r e c t s u p e r v i s io n a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s with the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c-lass A .
May
a s s i s t a high er l e v e l o p e r a t o r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d ifficu lt ta sk s follow in g detailed in s t r u c t io n s and
with frequ en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b ility to
received
operator

C l a s s C . W ork s on routin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e r v i s io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w ork in g kn ow ledge o f the c o m p u t e r equipm ent u sed and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in running routine p r o g r a m s .
U sually has
s o m e f o r m a l trainin g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . May a s s i s t high er l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C l a s s A . Plans the g ra p h ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p l e x it e m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s that d if f e r s ign ific a n tly f r o m est a b lis h e d drafting
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e support with the d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t of eac h change on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu nction , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a rt s.
W o r k s with a m i n im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d by de s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r en g in eer in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
May e ith er p r e p a r e dr a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n by lo w e r
lev el drafters.
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutin e and c o m p l e x drafting a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tion o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz ed draw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u l a r l y u sed .
Duties t y p ic a l ly in v olv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
dr a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s with i r r e g u l a r sh a p e s, m u ltiple fu nction s, and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b etw een c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a building including d e t a il draw in gs o f fou n ­
d a tion s, w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r pla ns, and r o o f .
Uses a c c e p te d f o r m u la s and
m a nu als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tion s to d e t e r m i n e quantities o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , lo ad c a p a c i t i e s , s tren g th s, s t r e s s e s , etc .
R eceiv es
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d eta il dr a w in g s o f sin g le units or parts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
dr a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clude i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (depicting th ree d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s ition in g o f co m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n eeded in f o r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m ber of
s o u r c e s and adju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u ir e d .
Suggested m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , ap p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e given
with in itial a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru ction s ar e l e s s c o m p le t e when a s sig n m en ts
recur.
W ork m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C o p ie s
cloth or pa p er
in clude t r a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v i s o r (freq u ently an en gin eer o r
d e s ig n e r ) •f o r g e n e r a l c o m p li a n c e with a c c e p te d p r a c t i c e s .
May provide
t e c h n ic a l guid ance to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by oth e r s by pla cing tr a c in g
o v e r draw in gs and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
lim ite d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t in g o f straig ht lin es and a
r e q u ir i n g c l o s e delinea tion .)

C l a s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s i v e te c h n ic a l knowledge to solve c o m ­
p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that ty p ic a l ly can be so lv e d s o l e ly by p r o p e r l y
in te r p r e tin g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m il a r docu m en ts) in w ork in g on
e le c t r o n i c equ ipm ent.
W ork in v o l v e s : A f a m ilia r i t y with the in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju dg m en t in determ in in g w o rk seq u en ce and in se le ct in g
t o o l s and testin g in s t r u m e n t s , usu ally l e s s c o m p l e x than th ose u sed by the
c l a s s A tech n icia n .

AN D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r ep etitiv e dr a w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a l iz e d i t e m s .
W ork is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d during p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECHNICIA N

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r hig her
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p li a n c e with a c c e p te d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
May p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

W ork s on v a r io u s ty pes o f e l e c t r o n i c equ ipm ent and r e la t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Installing, main taining,
r e p a ir in g , o v erh a u lin g, tr o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y i n g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and testin g.
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l ap plication o f t e c h n ic a l knowledge o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , ability to d e t e r m i n e m a lf u n c tio n s , and sk ill to put equip m ent in
r e q u ir e d operatin g condition .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w ork in g t e c h n ic a l knowle dge to p e r f o r m sim p le o r
routin e ta sk s in w ork in g on e l e c t r o n i c equ ipm ent, fo llo w in g detailed i n s t r u c ­
tions w hich c o v e r v ir t u a lly all p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta sk s as : A s s i s t i n g hig her l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c ti v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w irin g c i r c u i t s , and taking tes t rea d in g s; rep a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n i c equip m ent; and using t o o l s and c o m m o n test in stru m en ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio signal g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m i l i a r with the in te r r e l a ti o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
This
k n ow led g e, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d through a s sign m en ts d es ig n ed to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in cluding c l a s s r o o m trainin g) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h igh er l e v e l tec h n ic ia n .

The equip m ent— c o n s is t in g of eith er m a n y d iffer en t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u ltiple r ep etition o f the sa m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ited
to , the f o llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c tr a n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm ent (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v is io n , telep h on e, s o n a r , nav iga tion a l aid s), (b) digital and
analog c o m p u t e r s , and (c) in d u str ia l and m e d i c a l m e a su rin g and con trollin g
equipm ent.
Th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
equip m ent as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h ousehold radio and te l e v is io n
se t s; pr o d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v ic i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t in s t ru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s ib ili t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d efin ition s .

ar e

classified

into

l e v e ls

R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r high er
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W ork is ty p ic a l ly spot c h e c k e d , but is given detailed r e v ie w
when n ew o r advanced a s sig n m e n ts ar e in volved .
R E G IS T E R E D IND USTRIA L NURSE

on the b a s i s o f the f ollow in g

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r se who g iv e s n ursing s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju red e m p l o y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e - i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r other e sta b lis h m e n t.
Duties in volve a co m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : Giving f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r i e s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s of patients tr ea ted ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s ti n g in p h y s ic a l e x am in a tion s and health evalu ation s o f
ap plican ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s involvin g
health edu cation , ac c id en t p r ev en tion , evalu ation o f plant e n v ir on m en t, o r
oth er a c t i v it ie s affecting the health, w e l f a r e , and safety o f all p e r s o n n e l.
Nursin g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in es t a b lis h m e n t s em p loyin g m o r e than
one n u r s e ar e ex clu d e d .

C l a s s A. A p p lie s advanced te c h n ic a l knowledge to solve unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p ic a l ly cannot be solved s o l e l y by r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d o c u m en ts) in w ork in g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c eq uip m ent.
E x a m p le s of such p r o b l e m s in clude lo c a t io n and den sity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c radiation , is o la t in g m a lf u n c tio n s , and frequent
en g in eer in g c h a n g e s.
W ork in v o l v e s : A detailed understandin g o f the i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent ju dgm en t in p e r f o r m i n g such
ta sk s as makin g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lcu latin g w ave f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la t io n ­
ships in sign al flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p l e x test in stru m en ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , devia tio n m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN TE N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M AINTE NANC E C A R P E N T E R — Continued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and main tain
in good r e p a ir building w o o d w o r k and equipm ent such as bins, c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a rtition s, d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w ood
in an e sta b lis h m en t.
W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and
laying out o f w o rk f r o m blu eprin ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;

usin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h an dtools, p or ta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and standard
m e a s u r i n g in st ru m e n ts ; makin g standard shop c om pu ta tion s relating to d im e n ­
sions o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t in g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w ork .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded training and e x p e r i ­
en ce usu ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equivalent trainin g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




33

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M o t o r v e h ic le )

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu nction s such as the in s t a l­
latio n, m a in te n a n ce , o r r e p a ir o f equip m ent f o r the g en eration , distribu tion,
o r u tilization o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an es t a b lis h m e n t .
Work i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : In stalling o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, condu it s y s t e m s , o r oth er t r a n s m i s s i o n
equip m ent; w ork in g f r o m b lu ep r in ts , d r a w in g s , layou ts, o r other s p e c i f i ­
c a ti o n s ; locatin g and dia gn osin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g standard c om pu ta tion s relating to lo ad r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w irin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equip m ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's handtools and
m e a s u r i n g and testin g in st ru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded tr ainin g and e x p e r i e n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equiv alent tr ainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b il e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Exam in ing a u tom otiv e eq u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e of t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equip m ent and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a r t s ; r e p la c in g brok en
o r d e f e c t iv e p a rt s f r o m stock ; grin din g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
in stallin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n t s ; and alignin g w h e e l s , ad justing b r a k e s and lig h ts, o r tightening body
bolts.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in ten an ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s rounded tr ainin g and e x p e r i e n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent trainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clude m e c h a n i c s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in au to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops .

M A IN TE N A N C E P A IN T E R

M A IN TE N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R

Paints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a ll s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix tu re s of an e s t a b ­
lis h m en t.
W ork in v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K now ledge of s u r fa c e p e c u l ia r it i e s
and ty pes o f paint r e q u ir e d f o r diffe r e n t ap p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
painting by r e m o v in g old fin ish o r by p la cing putty o r f i l l e r in nail h oles and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun o r bru sh .
May m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , white le ad, and oth er paint in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce pain ter r e q u ir e s rounded
trainin g and e x p e r i e n c e usu ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equiv alent tr ainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .

In stalls o r r e p a i r s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p es o f pipe and
pip efitting s in an es t a b lis h m e n t . W ork i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ; Laying
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f pipe f r o m dr a w in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r io u s s i z e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; threadin g
pip e with s t o ck s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b li n g pipe with c o u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g standard shop com p u ta tion s r elatin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f
pip e r e q u ir e d ; and m akin g standard t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w hether fin ish ed p ip es
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p ip efitter
r e q u i r e s rounded train in g and e x p e r i e n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h ip o r equiv alent trainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers prim a rily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g buildin g sanita tion o r heating s y s t e m s
are exclu ded.

M AIN TE N AN C E MACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t pa rts and new pa rts in makin g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l pa rts o f m e c h a n i c a l equ ipm ent op e r a t e d in an est a b lis h m e n t .
Work
in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ; In terpretin g w ritten in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f ic a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o r k ; usin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h i n i s t 's
handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t ru m e n ts ; setting up and operatin g
standard m a ch in e t o o l s ; shaping of m e t a l pa rts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; makin g
standard shop c om p u ta tion s r elatin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p eed s o f m a ch in in g ; kn ow ledge of the w ork in g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t in g standard m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r this
w o r k ; and fitting and a s s e m b li n g pa rts into m e c h a n i c a l equip m ent. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded trainin g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equiv alent
trainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a ll s , and m a in tains in g ood r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
equ ipm ent and fix t u r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta nks, v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u tes , d u ct s , m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W or k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ; Plannin g and la yin g out all ty pes o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o r k f r o m b l u e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; setting up and o p e r a t in g a ll av a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w ork in g
m a c h i n e s ; usin g a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, bendin g, f o r m in g , shaping,
fit tin g, and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in stalling s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e r i e n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
equiv alent trainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TE N AN C E MECHANIC (M a c h in er y)
R e p a ir s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equip m ent o f an e stab lis h m en t.
W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Exam in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equip m ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; dism a ntlin g o r pa rtly dism a ntlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in volve the use o f handtools in
sc r a p in g and fitting p a r t s ; r e p la c in g br ok en o r d e f e c t iv e pa rts with it e m s
obtain ed f r o m stock ; o r d e r i n g the pr o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t part by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c if i c a t io n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the pr o d u c tio n of
pa rts o r d e r e d f r o m m a ch in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and makin g all
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m a c h in e r y
m ain ten an ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s rounded trainin g and e x p e r i e n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equiv alent tr ainin g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x clu d ed f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n ar e w o r k e r s w hose p r i m a r y duties
in v o lv e setting up o r ad justing m a c h in e s .




M IL L W R IG H T
In stalls new m a c h in e s o r heavy equ ipm ent, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r heavy equ ipm ent when ch a n g es in the plant layout are
r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g ; Planning and laying out
w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g blu ep r in ts o r oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sing a v a r ie t y of handt o o l s and rig g in g ; m a k in g standard shop co m p u ta tio n s r elatin g to s t r e s s e s ,
st rength o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; alignin g and ba la ncin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e l e c t in g st andard t o o l s , equ ipm en t, and p a rt s to be u sed ; and in stalling
and m ain taining in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equip m ent such as d r i v e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a
rounded trainin g and e x p e r i e n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h ip o r equ iv alent train in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

34

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk illed m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r sk ill, such as keepin g a
w o r k e r supplied with m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; clean in g w ork in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and equipment; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n by holding m a t e r i a l s or t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g oth er unsk illed ta sks as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind of w ork
the h elper is p e r m it te d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m trade to t r a d e : In s o m e
t r a d e s the h elp er i s confin ed to supplying, liftin g, and holding m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c lean in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is pe r m it te d to p e r f o r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r pa rts of a trad e that are a lso p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , gau ges, o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o l d s u sed in shaping o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n on m eta llic m a t e r i a l (e . g . ,
p la s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W or k ty p ic a lly i n v o l v e s : Planning and laying
out w o rk a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , blu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r oth er written o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; understandin g the w ork in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and
a l lo y s ; s e le c t in g ap p ro p r ia te m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p le t e ta sk s ; makin g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s; setting up and operating
v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o l s and r ela ted eq uip m ent; using v a r iou s t o o l and die
m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in stru m en ts ; w orkin g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t-t r e a tin g m e t a l pa rts and finished t o o ls and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s; fitting and a s s e m b li n g parts to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l lo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s w ork r e q u ir e s
rounded tr ainin g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e usually ac qu ir ed
through f o r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equiv alent tr ainin g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ( T o o l r o o m )
S p e c ia liz e s in operatin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m a ch in e t o o l
( e . g . , jig b o r e r , grin din g m a c h in e , engine lathe, m i llin g m a ch in e ) to m a ch in e
m e t a l fo r use in m akin g or main taining j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g au ges,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u sed in shaping o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n on m eta llic
m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W ork t y p ic a lly i n v o l v e s :
Planning and p e r f o r m i n g d ifficu lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s which r e q u ir e c o m ­
p lica ted setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m a ch in e t o o l o r
t o o l s (e . g . , in stall cutting t o o l s and adjust g u id es, stops, w ork in g ta b le s ,
and oth er c o n t r o l s to handle the size of stock to be m a ch in ed ; d e t e r m in e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , to olin g , and op e r a t io n seq uen ce o r s e l e c t th ose p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu ep r in ts , o r layou ts); using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g in stru m en ts ; makin g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents during mach in in g
op e r a t io n to ach ieve r eq u isite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
May be
r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c oola n ts and cutting and lu bricating o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d f o r in this
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s ex ten siv e knowledge o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e usu ally ac q u ir e d through c o n s id e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g a n d
experience.

in clude
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y wage study p u r p o s e s , this c la s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not
in clude t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) are e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die jo b bin g
shops or (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (die s in k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e ra te s and m ain tains and m a y a ls o su p e r v i s e the op e r a t io n of
sta tion a ry engin es and equip m ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d with p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r condition in g.
W ork i n v o l v e s :
O perating and main taining equipm ent such as
steam en g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rbin es, ventilating
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g equ ipm ent, steam b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w ater pum ps;
m akin g equip m ent r e p a i r s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d o f op eration of m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu el con s u m p tion .
May a lso su p e r v i s e these o p e r a t io n s .
Head o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in es t a b lis h m e n t s em p lo y in g m o r e than one e n gin eer
ar e e x c l u d e d .
B O ILE R TEN DE R
F i r e s stationa ry b o i l e r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lis h m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d with heat, p o w e r , o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to fir e by hand or
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s, o r o i l b u r n er ; and c h e c k s w a te r and
sa fety v a l v e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m equipm ent.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y wage study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die jobbin g

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R — Continued

TR U C K D R IV E R

Truckdriver,
T ruckdriver,
Truckdriver,
T ruckdriver,

D r iv e s a tr u ck within a city or in d u str ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , eq uip m ent, or w o r k e r s between v a r io u s ty pes of e s t a b ­
lis h m en ts such as:
M anufacturin g pla nts, fr eig h t d e p o t s, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
sale and r eta il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b etw een r e t a i l esta b lis h m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou s es o r p la c e s of b u s in e s s . May a l s o loa d or unload tru ck with
o r without h e l p e r s , m ake m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and keep tr u ck in good
w o r k i n g order.
S a le s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s ar e e x c l u d e d .

SHIPPING AND RECEIV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m ent, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g ship m ents o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r oth er m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w ork
i n v o l v e s : A kn ow ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , rou tes, availa ble
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o rt a tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g oods

F o r wage study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s ar e c l a s s i f i e d by size and
type o f equip m ent, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be rated on the ba sis
o f t r a i l e r c a p a cit y .)




light tr u c k (under 1 l/z tons)
m e d iu m tr u c k (1 V2 to and in cluding 4 tons)
h eavy tr u ck ( t r a i le r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)
heavy tr u c k (other than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)

35

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C o n tin u e d

shipped, makin g up b ills o f ladin g, postin g weight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
keepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
May d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : V e rify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e r s in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm ents against b ills of ladin g,
i n v o i c e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g da m ag ed
g o o d s ; routin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d ep a rt m e n ts; and m a i n ­
taining n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

shipping c o n t a in e r s and m a y in volve one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f st o ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t io n o f a p p rop r ia te
type and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o th er m a t e r i a l to preven t br ea k a ge o r d a m a g e; c l o s i n g and sealin g c o n ­
ta in e r ; and applying la b e ls o r en tering identifyin g data on c o n t a in e r .
Packers
who a ls o m a k e w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e ex clu d e d .
M A T E R I A L HANDLING L A B O R E R

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s ar e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a nu factu ring plant, s t o r e , or
oth er e s t a b lis h m e n t w h os e duties in volve one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Loading and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m freigh t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th er t r a n s p o rt in g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g, o r p la cin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o ra g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o rt in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who lo ad and unload sh ip s , a r e e x clu d e d .

Shipping c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u sin g du ties w hich r e q u ir e
an understandin g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s tora g e p la n . Work i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r ify in g m a t e r i a l s (o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , noting and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o ra g e l o c a t io n s ; st o rin g , st ackin g, o r pa lletizin g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in ven tor y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; ex am in in g s t o re d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o ra g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r ship m ent.
May o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u ck s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u sin g du ties.

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a m a nu ally c o n t r o ll e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u factu rin g plant, o r oth er es t a b lis h m e n t .
tr u c k ,

F o r k lif t o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than f o r k lif t)

Ex clude w o r k e r s w h os e p r i m a r y duties in volve shipping and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k (see Shipping and R e c e iv in g C lerk and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fillin g
(see O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r op e r a tin g p o w e r tr u ck s (see P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a to r ) .

G UAR D AN D W A T C H M A N
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e ith er at fix ed post o r on
t o u r , m ain taining o r d e r , usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In cludes
g ua rds who a r e stationed at gate and c h e c k on iden tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

O RD ER F I L L E R
F il l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in ish ed g o o d s f r o m st o re d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c if i c a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s .
M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
cating it e m s fill e d o r o m itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f outgoin g o r d e r s , req u isition
additional stock o r r e p o r t short su pplies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
r e la t e d duties.

W a tc h m a n . M ak es rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y ag ainst f i r e , theft, and i l l e g a l en try.

p eriodically

in p r o te c tin g

JANITO R, P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y co n d itio n f a c t o r y w ork in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , ap artm en t h o u s e , or c o m m e r c i a l
o r o th er e s t a b lis h m e n t .
Duties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Sw eeping, m op pin g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and oth er r e f u s e ; dusting equ ipm ent, f u r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; polish in g m e t a l
fix t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m i n o r m a in ten an ce s e r v i c e s ;
and c lean in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w in dow w ashin g ar e e x c l u d e d .

SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p r o d u c ts f o r shipment o r s tora g e by p la cing them
in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d being dependent
upon the ty pe, s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be pa ck ed , the type o f c ontain er
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm ent.
W ork r e q u i r e s the pla cing o f it e m s in




F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :

36

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s o r b u l l e t i n s u p p l e m e n t s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e E m p l o y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts m a y b e
o b t a i n e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e i n d i c a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 0 ,
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 3 ,
A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 7 5 ,
S
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 5 ,
A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 1_______ ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 3 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 2 ,
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________________ _ 1 8 5 0 - 4 6 ,
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . —P a . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 ___________ ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 0 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 1 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 8 ,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________ _____ _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 9 ,
C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n .—G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 7 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 3 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h io —K y .—I n d . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 7 ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 4 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 7 ,
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 9 ,
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________ S u p p l.
D a y t o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 7 3 ,
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 - 4 7 ,
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 -------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 2 ,
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 6 ,
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 1 ,
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t , N .C ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 9 ,
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 2 ,
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________________ ..__________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 8 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d ., O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 8 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 1 ,
K a n s a s C it y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 5 ,
L e x i n g t o n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 4 ,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 6 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 9 ,
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e - C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 4 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 5 ,

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
To be surveyed.




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A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________________ ______ 1 8 5 0 - 7 6 ,
M il w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 * _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 1 ,
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 ,
N a s s a u — u f f o l k , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 9 ,
S
N e w a r k , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 0 ,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 ,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________ •
____________________ ______________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 5 ,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 5 ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 9 ,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 0 ,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 2 ,
O k l a h o m a C it y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________ _______________ _______ 1 8 5 0 - 5 1 ,
O m a h a , N e b r .—I o w a , O c t . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., J u n e 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 8 ,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 5 ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 1________________________________ _______________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 ,
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________ _________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 2 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________ _____________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________ 1 -8 5 0 -6 8 ,
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . , —M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 7 ,
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N . C . , F e b . 197 5 ______________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
R i c h m o n d , V a . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 1 ,
S t. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ________________________________ _____________________________ ______ 1 8 5 0 - 8 7 ,
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 197 5_________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 1 ,
S a lt L a k e C ity —O g d e n , U ta h , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________________ _______ 1 8 5 0 - 7 4 ,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 3 ,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 7 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 9 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 6 ,
S e a t t le —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 6 ,
S o u th B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 5 ,
S t a m f o r d , C o n n . 1 2 ___________________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 3 ,
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 4 ,
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 0 ,
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 8 ,
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1________________________________________________ _______ 1 8 5 0 - 3 1 .
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n t y , N. Y ., M a y 1 97 5 1_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 3 ,
W i c h i t a , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 ____ ______________________________________________________ ______________S u p p l.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 _ _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 4 ,
_
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 4 ,

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80 c e n t s
85 c e n t s
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65 ce n ts
75 cen ts
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F ree
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F ree
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75 cen ts
65 cen ts
45 ce n ts
95 c e n t s
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55 c e n t s

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
Region II
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
Government Center
1515 Broadway
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Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
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Region V
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Regions VII and V III
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