View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

o? ^ O

^

Area Wage Survey / 9 oo-^_
New Orleans, Louisiana,
Metropolitan Area, January 1976
Bulletin 1900-2
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




AUG 17 76




Preface
T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s r e su lts of a January1976 s u r v e y of o c cu p a tio n a l earn in g s in the New
O rle a n s, L ou isia n a , Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis­
tic a l A r e a (J e ffe r s o n , O rle a n s, St. B e rn a rd , and St.
T a m m a n y P a r is h e s ).
The s u r v e y w as m ade as pa rt
o f the B u reau of L a b or S ta tis tic s ' annual a r e a w age
s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ich is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r
in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a s as w e ll as n ation a l and
r e g io n a l estim a te s f o r a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n
S ta tistic a l A r e a s in the United S ta tes, exclu d in g
A la sk a and Hawaii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w age
s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and
m o v em en t of w ages in a v a r ie ty of la b o r m a rk e ts ,
th rou gh the a n a ly s is o f (1) the le v e l and d is tr ib u tio n
o f w a g es b y o ccu p a tion , and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f
w ag es b y o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l. The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed f o r
m any p u r p o s e s , in clu din g w age and s a la r y a d m in ­
is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg ain in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d ete rm in in g plant lo c a tio n .
S u rvey r e su lts a ls o a re
u sed by the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r to m ake w age
d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v i c e
C o n tra ct A c t
o f 1965.
C u rren tly , 84 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o ­
g ra m .
(See lis t of a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In
ea ch a r e a , o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs data a r e c o lle c t e d
annually. In form a tion on e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and
su p p lem en ta ry w age b e n e f i t s is obtain ed e v e r y
th ird y e a r .

E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u al a rea w age
su r v e y s have b e e n co m p le te d , tw o su m m a ry b u lletin s
a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t b r in g s to g e th e r data f o r ea ch
m e tr o p o lita n a rea su r v e y e d ; the se c o n d p r e s e n ts
n ation a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s ,
p r o je c te d fr o m
in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.
The New O rlea n s su r v e y w as con d u cted by
the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in D a lla s, T e x ., under
the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of Boyd B. O 'N eal, A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p era tion s.
The su rv e y
co u ld not have b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout the c o o p ­
e r a tio n of the m a n y fir m s w h ose w age and s a la r y
data p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s ta t is t ic a l in fo rm a tio n
in th is b u lletin .
The B u reau w ish es to e x p r e s s
s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
C u rren t r e p o r ts on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s a r e a v a ila b le f o r
the c o n tr a c t clea n in g s e r v ic e s (Ju ly 1974); and on
o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s on ly f o r the la u n d ry and d ry
clea n in g (Ja n u ary 1976) and m ov in g and sto ra g e
(Ja n u ary 1976) in d u s tr ie s . A ls o a v a ila b le fo r the
New O rlea n s a rea a re lis tin g s o f union w age ra tes
f o r b u ildin g tr a d e s , p rin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a l-t r a n s it
o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s ,
and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th ese
a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s .
(See b a ck c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

A rea W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-2

June 1976

N ew Orleans, Louisiana,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
January 1976

Contents

Page

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________

2

T a b les— Continued
A.

T a b le s :
A.

Ea rn in gs:
A -l.
W eek ly earn ings o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s _____________________________ 3
A - l a . W eek ly earnin gs o f o f f ic e
w o r k e r s — r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s------ 5
la
A -2.
W eek ly earnin gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _____________ 6
A - 2 a . W eek ly earnin gs of p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s — r g e
la
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _____________________ 7
A -3 .
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnin gs o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x ___________________ 8
A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w eek ly earn ings o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by sex— r g e
la
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _____________________ 9
A -4 .
H ou rly earn ings o f m ain ten an ce,
t o o l r o o m , and powerp lant
w o r k e r s _____________________________ 10
A - 4 a . H o u rly earn ing s o f m a in ten an ce,
t o o l r o o m , and powerp lant
w o r k e r s — a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ------11
l
A -5.
H ou rly earn ing s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and cu s tod ia l
w o r k e r s _____________________________ 12




E a rnin gs— Continued
A - 5 a . H ou rly earn ing s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v em en t and c u s to d ia l
w ork ers— rge
la
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____________________
A -6.
A v e r a g e h ou r ly earn ing s o f
m a in ten a n ce, t o o l r o o m ,
pow erp la n t, m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s to d ia l
w o r k e r s , by s e x __________________
A - 6 a . A v e r a g e h ou r ly earn ings o f
m a in ten a n ce, t o o l r o o m ,
pow erp lan t, m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s tod ia l
w o r k e r s , b y sex— r g e
la
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____________________
A -7.
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h ourly earn in g s f o r se l e c t e d
o c cu p a t io n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r em p loym en t sh ifts_____________

Appendix A.
Appendix B.

14

15

16

17

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ______ 18
O cc u p a tion a l d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------- 21

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 75 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
This a r e a is 1 of 84 in which the U.S.
D epartm ent of L a b o r ' s Bureau of L ab or Statistic s
c on du cts s u r v e y s of o c cu p a t io n a l earn ing s and r e ­
lated ben efits.
In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by
a com bin a tion of p e r s o n a l v isit , m a il q u estion n a ir e,
and telephone in ter v iew .
R e p r e se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts within six b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ­
ta cted:
M anufacturin g; tran sp ortation, c o m m u n i c a ­
tion,
and other public u tilities ; w h o le s a le tr a d e;
r eta il trad e; fin an ce, in s u r a n c e , and r ea l estate;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in dustry groups e x c lu d e d f r o m
th ese studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o peration s and the
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u str ies .
E s t a b lis h ­
m en ts having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n um ber of
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t e m p l o y ­
m en t in the occu pation s studied.
Separate ta bu la­
tions a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in du stry
d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blica tion c r it e r ia .

(c ) m a in ten an ce, t o o l r o o m , and pow erp lan t, and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s tod ia l.
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , table s A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r data f o r e sta b lis h m en ts em p loy in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
Tab le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e hourly e arn in g s of o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in du stria l
nurses,
sk ille d m ain ten an ce trad es w o r k e r s , and
u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .
W h ere p o s s i b l e , data are
p r e s e n t e d f o r all in d u s tr ie s , m a nufacturin g, and
n onm an ufacturin g.
This table p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e of
w age trends a f t e r elim in a t io n of changes in a v e r a g e
e arn in g s c a u s e d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am ong e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r of est a b lis h m e n t s in ­
c lud ed in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rt h e r details, see
appendix A.
A ppendixe s

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p en d ix A d e s c r i b e s the methods and c o n ­
c e p ts u sed in the a r e a wage s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s in f o r m a t io n on the s c o p e o f the su r v ey .

T a b le s A - 1 through A - 6 p r o v id e estim a tes
o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly o r h o u r ly earnin gs f o r w o r k ­
e r s in oc cu p ation s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y of m anu ­
fa c tu r in g and nonm anufacturin g in du stries.
O ccupa­
tions w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the follow in g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and tec h n ic a l,

A pp endix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s u sed
by Bureau f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by
occu pation .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number o f w orkers receivin g stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
S

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

80
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

90

100

n o

l

120

S

S

130

140

150

S
160

S
170

1

s
180

190

2X0

220

230

$

I
240

250

260

S
270

and
under

280

and

99

ALL

A
200

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

17o

180

190

200

-

10
-

153
5
148
27
8

243
8
235
43
25

227
26
201
54
12

128
21
107
27
7

199
28
171
40
23

108
22s
86
33
9

124
28
96
17
7

41
14
27
9
6

-

15
15

20
20

13
13

3
3

13
10

22
18

“

210

230

22 0

240

250

260

270

280

over

18
1
17
12
"

21
5
16
14

31
6
25
15
1

9
4
5
5

21
12
9
2
1

2

8
2

WORKERS

1.408
385
108

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

163.50
184.00
160.00
180.00
160.50

$
154.00
176.00
149.50
168.00
160.00

$
t
136.50-184.00
152.00-202.00
133.50-176.00
144.00-215.50
1 3 7 . 0 O - 1 7 O . 00

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — . . . --------------

138
115

39.5
39.5

187.50
176.00

184.00
176.00

149.50-207.50
1 4 6 . 5 0 — 1 9 8 . So

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 8 ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ----- ------- ------------

392
367
126

39.0
39.0
38.5

169.50
168.00
174.50

161.00
161.00
167.00

14! . 0 0 - 1 8 5 . 0 0
14t.00-183.50
149.00-187.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ----------------MANUFACTURING — — —
— —
—
N O N M A N U F ACTUrt I N G — — — — —
—
--------- ---PURLIC UTILITIES —

463
84
379
72

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

167.50
189.50
162.50
204.00

160.00
183.00
153.00
211.00

137.00-188.50
16 . . 0 0 - 2 0 2 . 5 0
136.00-182.00
167,00-246,50

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D —
---- -------MANUFACTURING — —
— —
— —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ----- ---- P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------- -

640
93
547
166

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.0

151.50
165.50
149.00
169.50

145.00
161.00
1 4 0 . 0C
152.50

12 6 , 5 0 - 1 6 8 . So

-

142.00-184,00
126.50-164.00
136.00-214,50

•
-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L — ------ ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — - — -------- ---- ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ----- — —
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

783
57
726
278

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

139.00
151.50
138.50
153.50

138.00
155.50
136.00
152.00

118.00-155.50
132.50-155.50

20
-

11 . . 0 0 - 1 5 5 . 0 0
124.00-179.5o

20
-

18
•
18

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- — -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

234
56
178
46

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

167.50
176.50
165.00
151.50

168.00
175.50
165.00
139.00

136.on-19b.5o
136.00-203.30
136.50-190.00
13' . 5 0 - 1 7 2 . 0 0

126oSS

123*j O
l c jQ

$

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------- ----------— ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — -----------------p u b l i c
u t i l i t i e s
— --------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------- ----------

1,633
225

4
3

3
3

.

3

*

*

5
5

•

5
5

15
11
7

15
12
3

3
3
2

2
2
1

6
5
2

8
8
8

11
11
2

2
2
2

10
6

11
-

7
7
5

6
•
6
4

15
6
9
9

5
2
3
3

3
2
1
1

•
-

•
•

•
•
•

*

*

•

1
-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

14
12
1

23
23
2

52
51
18

66
59
19

12
11
1

74
73
24

45
44
26

29
29
8

.

10
-

1
»
1
1

24
24
*

36
1
35
6

76
4
72
1

47
6
41
8

36
2
34
1

61
15
46
6

28
12
16
3

32
11
21
4

16
6
10

20
12
8
i

16
2
14
5

11
3

13
3
10
7

4l
41
*

43
7
36
3

9<f
4
90
19

100
3
97
24

94
13
81
27

67
18
49
25

61
12
49
9

22
6
16
3

<♦1
13
28
4

13
«
5
3

10
2
8
4

16
2
14
12

17
2
15
15

12
1
11
11

5
5
5

4
2
2
2

86
2
66
32

105
1
104
15

78
•
78
15

120
13
107
51

119
9
110
16

70
19
51
20

34
2
32
16

45
4
41
36

19
5
14
12

54
54
4b

i

-

-

2
1
1
1

5
•
5
5

4
4
4

_

-

•
-

.

9

26
12
14
3

27
3
24
13

21
1
20
5

B
3
5
4

28
4
24

36
11
25
3

18
5
13

7
1
6
3

41
6
35
4

2
2
-

4
1
3
3

•

.
-

•

-

10

-

-

-

10
-

9
•
-

-

9
8

"

7

9
.

55
55

42
<♦0

60
52

42
32

28
14

15
5

9

201
201
12
49

165
153
17

162
151
27

78
75
38
k8

54
48
25

9
4

18
16
8

28
28

69
63

62
54

28
24

25
25

146
146

31
31

15
14

76
74
12

26
25
6

llL . O G - 1 4 b . 5 o
109.50-143.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S H -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- — ------------— —
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

726

b*l
163

39.0
39.0
38.5

116.00
115.50
145.00

109.00
109.00
125.50

9-.00-120.00
9-.00-120.00
119,50-143.50

-

------------------------------——
———

204
185

39.0
39.0

102.00
101.50

100.00
100.00

96.00-108.00
96.00-107.00

c l e r k s , C L A S S C --------- -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ------- ------------------

250
248

38.5
38.5

99.00
99.00

9 4 . 5u
94.50

96 . 0 0 - 1 0 3 . 5 0

188

38.5
38.5
38.0

112.00
112.00
131.50

1 0 0 . O0
99.50
125.00

98.00-121.00
9,.00-122.00
11 i . 0 0 - 1 4 7 . 3 0

5
5

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

3

9

i

m

-

•

1

•
•

-

*

X

-

-

2
2
•

5
5
•

.

.
•

W
.

-

.

.

-

-

•

*

•

*

*

*

*
*

.
-

*

.
*

•
*

1

*

*
*

*

•

*

-

“

-

*

-

“

.
*

*

3
3
3

-

-

*

*

13
9

1
1

31
31

1
1

6
6
6

5
5
5

.

.

.

9

*

•
•
"

-

-

*

*

,
*
“

21
21
21

*
*

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

•»

-

-

*

*

>

8

10

•
*

5

1
1

38
36

5
5

5
5

*

*

*

*

*

23
17
12

11

9

11
11

8

9
9
8

3
3
3

6
6
6

5
5
5

-

7

u

58
22

7
7

13
13

126.50
121.50




7
7

*

.

133.50
132.00

176
70

13
9

-

-

33.5
38.0

M E S S E N G E R S ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ------ ------- — P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

7
7

-

309
261

92.00-103.30

30
4
26
19
1

-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U S I N G -------- ------------

f i l e

35
3
32
20
1

81
9
72
4
i

'

FILE CLERKS, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

36
16
5

54
7
47
27
1

42
42
1

5

*

.

-

-

•

•
~

-

*

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in New Orleans, La., January 1976— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

Occupation and industry division

(standard)

90

100

no

N u m b e r of workers rece iving straight-time w e ekly earnings of--s
s
s
%
$
$
$
$
I
120
140
150
160
170
130
180 190
200
210
260
230
250
240
220

90

Number
of
workers

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

-

-

6
6

19
19

15
15

17
15

4
1

22
11

-

6
6

-

3
3

-

2
2

1
~

1
1

-

-

“

*

56

65

28

41

36

26

16

7

1

4

1

-

-

l

-

-

.

-

-

-

20
20

17
7

67
58

43
43

39
39

57
57

94
90

18
6

34
33

6
2

“

4
2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

-

31
31
2
14

129
6
123
16
24

129
6
123
37
10

78
2
76
28
14

78
31
47
16
20

63
15
48
20
6

70
25
45
17
9

21
9
12
12
~

25
10
15
12
1

34
13
21
20
1

56
2
54
54
-

8
7
1
1
-

4

7

94
16
76
14
24

91
84
67
20
23

96
8
88
57
16

23
3
20
16
3

8

78

32

-

•
.

-

*

7
7

9
9

$

Average
weekly

3
>
80

Mean

^

Median *

Middle ranged

270

and
under

1 -----280
and

280 over

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONT IN UE D
OPERATORS, CLASS A ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

s w i t c h b o a r d

96
79

$
$
$
$
38.5 139.00 132.50 117.50-152.00
38.5 136.00 128.00 116.50-152.00

-

282

39.5 120*50

115.00

101.00-133.00

ORDER CL ER KS -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

405
359

40.0 139.00
40.0 138.00

140.00
140.00

m . 50-155.00
121.00-155.00

A C C O UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS A --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

779
126
653
251
100

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.5

163.50 157.50 139.00-182.00
162.00 182.00 166.50-201.00
160.00 150.00 138,00-176.50
182.00 179.00 150.00-218.50
150.00 150.00 138.00-160.00

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CL AS S B --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------------------------

1,192
146
1,044
402
214

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
39.5

133.50
135.00
133.00
150.00
123.00

s w i t c h b o a r d

o p e r a t o r

-r

e c e p t i o n i s t s

126.50
135.50
126.00
152.00
118.00

110.00-154,00
12 0. 00 -1 50 .GO
109.50-156.00
118.50-194.00
99.00-146.00

-

-

-

*

“
“

46
46
6
“

121
2
119
15
54

164
6
156
42
21

156
21
135
45
39

176
16
160
68
15

153
47
106
14
18

12
12

15
15

16
12

38
24

2
*

9
2
7

15
4
11

17
5
12

10
5
5

11
8
3

11
5
6

12
8
4

22
11
11

20
20
*

20
20
1

22
17
2

10
10
3

21
14
9

25
25
“

7
3
1

16
11
3

35
13

16
e

13
3

4
-

2
1

.
-

10(1.00-129.00
100.00-128.00

-

1

7
6
1

•

-

76
73
*

-

32
32
*

•

7
5
-

-

•
•
.

_

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

.

•

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

e
i

-

4
3
1

-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

2
2
-

6
6

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS*
39*'" 117*00
B I L L I N G- MA CH IN E BI LL ER S ------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

102
82

40.0 1126.00 120.00
40.0 126.50 120.00

PA YR OL L CLERKS -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

137
54
83

39.5 150.00 146.00 115.50-172.50
39.5 157.00 155.50 132.00-171.00
39.5 145.50 130.00 112.00-174.50

-

11

•

11

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

167
141
40

39.5 164.50 154.50 138.00-176.50
39.5 164.00 150.00 126.00-169.00
40.0 217.50 231.50 150.00-286.00

•
-

.
*

-

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS a -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- ----

70S
53
652

39.5 122.00 118.00 11. .00-127.50
40.0 134.50 139.50 116.00-143.00

_
-

65
2

103
9

215
8

174
4

51
4

1

10

16

32

u

129.50

*

W ork ers

S ee

w ere

fo o tn o te s

at




at $ 2 8 0

to

12i> .00-175.00

-

$290.

end o f t a b le s .

4

4

.

1

6

-

-

1

e
>

-

o

i
i
26
“
26

~
1
-

.

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

8
8
8

-

12
12
*12

1
1

-

-

.

.

Table A-1a.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

weekly
hours1
(standard

Mean

^

Median *

Middle ranged

S

i

80
and
under

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19 j

*
200

210

230

240

S
250

s
260

270

280
and

90
all

220

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

-

-

1
1
1
-

24
3
21
5
7

44
4
40
5
8

62
14
48
14
12

43
5
38
11

-

14
3
11
4
1

b

65
19
46
14
11

47
14
33
8
9

27
6
21
7
7

23
10
13
3
6

17
2
15
4
5

18
3
15
13
1

.

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

4
3
1

10
7
2

8
7
1

9
8
3

14
13
5

13
13
4

5
5
“

4
4
-

240

25Q

26?

26
3
23
20
1

23
4
19
19

13
1
12
12

19
5
14
14

-

-

4
i
-

2
2
2

1
1
1

3
2
2

8
8
8

270

280 over

workers

$
$
179.00 168.00
182.50 170.00
177.50 167.00
202.00 216.50
166.00 165.00

$
$
146.50-208.00
150.00-196.50
144.00-210.30
163.50-237.50
142.50-185.00

s e c r e t a r i e s --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------- ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------PU BL IC UT ILITIES ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

486
103
383
16b
75

S E C R E T A R I E S » CLASS B -------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

92
81
36

39.5 186.00 179.00 15 6. 50 -2 02 .bo
39.5 187.00 179.50 161.00-201.30
39.0 204.50 189.00 166.5 ii-255.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS C -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

127
103
33

39.0 177.50 167.00 145.00-204.50
39.0 177.00 165.50 141.50-214.00
39.0 224.50 238.00 222.00-255.50

-

-

1
1
1

6
6
-

7
6
-

12
12
1

11
9
1

9
9
1

24
14
2

14
10
1

5
4
-

b
3

2
2
*

2
2
1

3
3
3

10
7
7

5
5
5

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------- ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

240
55
185
93

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

170.50
170.00
170.50
192.00

161.00 14 a .00-196.50
166.50 148.00-191.00
156.50 142.50-207.00
207.00 153.00-225.00

.

.
-

-

7
3
4
3

15
2
13
3

28
3
25
3

41
9
32
11

26
4
22
9

31
8
23
8

14
6
8
1

9
5
4
3

13
b
5
3

6
2
4
4

12
12
12

17
2
15
15

12
1
11
11

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

353
323

39.0 151.50
39.0 151.50

144.00 13f,. 00-175.00
144.00 129.00-175.00

2
2

34
34

18
17

35
35

63
52

40
35

33
30

16
14

43
41

19
14

38
38

i
*

*

1
1

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

105
89
40

39.5 165.50 167.00 14f.00-186.00
39.5 163.00 167.00 136.00-180.50
39.0 151.50 136.50 127.50-182. b.j
_
7(
J • I o. _>0 133.00
. _ . _ ,_ , ,
1 1Q

-

“

9
9
8

4
4
3

13
12
11

6
5
3

7
5
4

15
13
-

17
14
1

14
13
-

4
J
J

10
8
4

2

112
169
145

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

39.5

-

-

7«
.

91
82
39

92.00-129.50
39.0 119.00 109.b0
92.00-140.50
39.0 119.50 109.50
38.5 142.50 142.00 12n.00-160.50

81
77

102.00-117.00

A C C O UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS A --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

249
207
157

39.0 183.00 183.00 155.50-220.00
39.0 181.00 178.50 146.00-220.00
39.5 188.50 198.00 156.50-220.00

A C C O UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS B ---------

490

39.0 150.50 154.00

M E SS EN GE RS ---------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- —
PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G -----------------

429
257

15
ro

5
5
-

25
23
1

16
15
5

12
8
4

0
11
9
7

5
1
1
1

4
4
4

5
5
5

1
*

1
1
1

5
5
5

4
2
2
2

*

*

_
“

5
5

4
4

“

1
1

*

-

4
3
3

-

.
“

.
-

*

-

.
-

1

8
8
8

3
3
3

17

2
2
2

5
5
5

_
.
-

_
-

-

3
3
3

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

23
16
15

54
52
52

4
1
1

4
4
3

1
1
1

•
-

-

-

1

121.50-175.00

39.0 151.50 157.00 121.00-184.50
38.5 167.00 165.50 152.00-195.00

-

-

2
2
2

6
6
2

23
23
14

25
24
17

19
17
11

26
18
9

20
15
7

17
12
9

15
12
12

10
4
2

28

-

30

55

48

26

45

42

80

21

8

7b

32

26
8

28

39.5 156.50 156.50

48
17

44
19

112.00-166.00
139.00-165.00

16

31

34
14

72
55

18
15

7

73
73

32
32

5

1

10
-

-

-

.r--* « »

-

4

11

6

12

11

1

5

07
1

See footnotes at end of tables.




.
-

0

141.00
56

2
2
2

1

1
KE YP U N C H OPERAT OR S, CLASS A --------

2
2
2

*
1
1

u «uu av r «wv

7
4
3
2
1

*

132.50
J •u

5
3
2
2

8
7
1

31

J

1 0 6 . 5 0- 12 6.bo

77
74

8
-

5

•
_

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeR

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time w e ekly earnings of—
90

hOUR1

Median *

(standard)

Middle ranged

S

4

s

Average
weekly

100

4

$

120

n o

4

4

s
130

140

150

4
160

4
170

4

180

4

4

i

190

200

210

4
220

4
230

%

240

4

%

260

280

4
300

4
320

and
under
100

34o

and
120

n o

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

2 20

230

240

260

280

300

320

340

over

ALL WORKERS
COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),

$

69

$

_

$

$

8
8

265.00

3 #5 <_G4. j 0 c 6 9 .0 0

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),
206.00
•.G9.00

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C --------------------------------------

50

39.5

a.1 1 .U 0

202.50

203.50

73

21^ *00

162.00-239.50

-

-

-

U ,,S r 1 t r,

f

UKAr 1l K j )

t3

5

136.00

3

2

2

4 0 .0

« :6 .5 0

115

40.0
40.0

160.50
160.50

161.00
160.00

92

11

7

40.0

241.00

239.00

5

-

-

-

-

-

10
1

1

123.50119.50-

15
15

12

145.60
145.50

b5
17

13

i
i

21

29

8

1 7 4 . CO
174.00

25
14

20
17

26
26

5

1

14

-

35
28

13

4

33

22

18

35
25

16
14

4

20
10

13

15

3
143.00144.00-

■-41. _>0 ..40. j 0

E L EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS B-

2

11

~ n n * nn
C-JO.OO

95

-

7

1

1

""* * • ” *
94

*

212.00-276.50

•

*

*

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

82

v L Sw O S
vL Aj j

3

s
134.50
133.00

76

-

n* « ?

32*5
82

4

5

15

3

4

6

*

-

”

1

10

Table A-2a.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments!

in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f ----t

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

130
Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

S

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

1*0

1*0

1*5

150

155

160

165

170

175

-

135

and
under
135

S

S

O
00

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
wort.ee

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1*5

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

S

-

185

19o

s

3

$

S

$

$

220

230

2*0

250

-

195

210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

220

230

2*0

250

260

270

200. , 2 » 9

$

1
1
L/NAr I t K j f

1

tJ ——

See footnotes at end of tables.




7

S

200

ALL WORKERS
$

$

$

195

5

260

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Average
(mean2 )
S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OF FICE O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN

Average
(mean2 )
S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s io n

ORDER CLERKS -— — — . . .. .. .. .. .____
NONM AN UF A C T U R I N G -----------------

186
177

40.0 149.00
40.0 147.00

1Yr I o 1b * L L A b b A

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS A ---------

20 1
52
149
115

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5

lTrio lb* CLA53 D —— —— — —
— — —
nonmanufacturing — — — — — —

137
115
51

39.0 130.00
39.0 126.50
134.50

ACCOUN TI NG CLERKS* CLASS 8 ---------

T K A N b L K IB IN U - M A L H IN t

r ILL LLt Kl\b * LL Abb

T Y P Ib lS

---- --

———— —

O

— —

—

— —

— —

r ILL LLLKlvb* LL Abb L

109
109

$
38.5 126.50
38.5 126.50

300
258
682
154

39.0 113.50
38.5 137.50

191

39.0 101.50
39.0

250
69

40.0 184.00
39.0 160.00

switchboard

operators* class

38.5
38.5

juvl'L 1Ai'lLjf t*LA ^ b .

40.0
122.00
Z?
TV 40.0 121.50
39 • 5 138.50
135.50
121
M A N U r A L •UKlNu

99.00
99.00

PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

39.0 102.00
39.0 10 1. j 0

39.5 160.50

(BUSINESS).

107.00

138

39.5 187.50
170.00

39.5 122.00
134.50
39.5 121.00
38.5 143.00
39.5 110.00

39.0 169.50
39.0 168.00
38.5 174.50

45

462
84
378
71

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

167.00
189.50
162.00
203.00

640
93
547
166

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.0

151.50
165.50
149.00
169.50

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

139.00
151.50
138.00
153.50

39.5 167.50
40.0 176.50

*f
t

22

66
«

_
.

C O MP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS).

39 *
“
tQV.bO

.
.
.

40.0 130.50
--

ALLUUINIlNo LLLKIVb* LL Abb A

r.

169

39.0 156.50

manufacturing

76
73

39.0
181.00

133.00

*
ALLUU»>I | lNb LLLKftb• LLAbb O —

—

NO NMANUF ACT UR ING
PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S --- ---- -— - —
KtlAiL INAUL —
— — —
BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS*
class a —
—
— — —
—

1.055
929
351

39.5 133.50
133.00
39.5 134.00
38.5 152.50
122.00

50

39.0 141.50

*58

66
|

See footnotes at end of tables.




39.5 145.00

701
52
649
107
51

OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN
COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S

234
56
178

w

39 •5 117.00
114.00

74

779
57
722
274

1AKILi? LLA

Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
standard) (standard)

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS*

a

392
367
126

JLvKt. 1A ’ ILo? w L A j j A
'
1

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

38.5 133.00
38.0 132.00

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
1.632
225
1.407
384
108

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n ,

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of

OF FI CE OCCU PA TI ON S WO ME N— CO NTINUED

109
56

PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Average
(mean2)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO ME N— CO NTINUED

$
117.50
38.5 118.00
38.0 132.00

184.50
193.50
181.50
183.00

Number
of
woiken

8

E L EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS. CLASS B-

89

241.0C
40.0 240.50

Table A-3a. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by se xlarge establishments in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE O C C U PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

O F FI CE OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN

Number
of
workers

nL j

128.00
38.5 142.50

SECRETARIES -

1 1 "1v LLt-

CONTINUED

j t

UL M j
j

f4

1 7^ *00
I o o ’ cA
1
•j 0

39.5 170.50
189.00
188.00
168.50

185
93

38.5 136.50

T65
89
40

3 • ->

.133.00

WOMEN
485
103

>'L 1AIL

1KWl/L **

e P / « n f - . . r . Tr e

164
*75

ya

a

1 77

^
3 •

1
i

r

92
81
36

30.

j

ran

r
-

145.00
147.00

..
.

118.50

39.0 176.50
39.0 176.00

•e , -v r

r-

. -r

^

^

73
100. j 0
77

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

1^1 00
154.00

134.50
135.00

151!50
161.00

^48

39 * 186.00
■
39.5 187.00
39.0 204.50

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 9 .0
39.0

382

165.50
39.5 163.00
1^1.^0

*01 *"0
166.00

126
102




80
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------

3 9 I0

„_

433

170.50

319
190

nonmanufacturing:

OF FI CE OC C U P A T I O N S -

39*0

111.00

^ itw, 0
ppi i

98

Table A-4.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Hourly earnings*

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
5
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
$
$
1
S
S
S
S
J
1
5
S
3.80 4.00 4.20 4 .40 4 .60 4 .80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5 .80 6 .00 6 .20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60
3.^0 3.60
lUnder
,
and
—
•
and
3.40 Under
4.20 4.40 4 .60 4 .80 5 .00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 .00 6 .20 6
3.60 3.80 4.00
6.60 6.80 7*00 7.20 7.4Q 7.60 over
S

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

ALL WORKERS
M A I N TE NA NC E CA RP EN TE RS --------------

73

$
5.98

$
6.33

$
$
5.10- 6.70

-

-

-

“

-

6

4

----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

428
313
115
AS

6.06
6.17
5.75
5.89

5. 9 0
6.06
5.57
5.97

5.575.625.485.02-

6.9o
7.00
6.10
6.53

•
-

•

.

4
4

-

-

10
8
2
1

.

-

4
4
“

maintenance

electricians

MA IN TE NA NC E PAIN TE RS ---------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

96
50

5.48
4.83

5.48
4.50

4. 35 - 6.08
4. 35 - 5.1",

MA IN TE NA NC E m a c h i n i s t s — --------- ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------- -------- ------ -------------

238
224

6.18
6.19

6.60
6.49

5.12- 7.04
5.08- 7.04

-

*

*

•

.

.

_

-

-

-

*

.

.

-

-

*

*

*

*

8
8
-

_
-

40
40

*

25
13
12
12

12
12
-

•

MA IN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY) M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G — --------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

955
806
149
60

5.71
5.78
5.30
5.62

5.53
6.06
5.17
5.39

4.974.905.175.02-

6.66
7.00
5.2"
6.01

MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G — — — --- ------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------------

797
146
651
406

5.58
5.23
5.66
5.99

5.35
4.99
5.50
6.47

4.804.204.905.02-

6.47
6.46.47
6.6R

MA IN TE NA NC E p i p e f i t t e r s ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------

104
91

6.25
6.32

6.06
6.06

5.85- 6.1
6«06- 6.4^

-

-

.

*

-

-

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------------------------------

51

6.11

6.06

5.53- 6 . 9 “

MA IN TE NA NC E t r a d e s h e l p e r s ----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- ------- ---------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

307
146
161
147

4.65
5.61
3.78
3.82

4.43
5.83
3.6?
3.

3.504.333.253.31-

ST AT IO NA RY E N GI NE ER S ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------■i o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

285
109
176

5.3?
6.18
4.79

5.25
6.51
4.50

4.50- 6.51
5.25- 7.0,
3.66- 5 . 7 “

TENDERS ------------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------

63
83

5.0?
5.0?

4.80
4.80

4.48- 5.5R
4.48- 5.59

R D lLtR

“

•
-

-

-

10

2

6

3

1

-

4

3

30

-

-

19
13
6
6

70
10
60
1

58
58

32
28
4
2

15
12
3
2

28
16
12
a

91
90
1

9
8
1

-

19
16
3
3

8

-

23
13
10
9

1
1

2
-

12
12

2
1

11
7

-

7
2

14
-

1
1

13
1

-

-

-

1
1

38
38

10
7

10
9

10
10

8
8

_

6

8
8

8
-

32
32

43
33
10
9

88
83
5
3

27
24
3
3

74
68
6
6

28
28

•

-

204
203
1
1

14
14
*

20
6
14
7

7
7
7

144
28
116
116

27
2
25
18

40
16
24
24

-

64
64

3
3

50
50

1

2

-

-

2
2

-

-

20

-

-

-

13

-

22
22
-

2
2

38
38
-

-

-

26
26

-

-

“

7
3
4
-

80
72
8
-

59
52
7
6

46
44
2
2

174
86
86
14

40
31
9
9

27
24
3
2

14
14
*

67
23
44
23

44

35
4
31
10

59
24
35
7

65
10
55
48

85
4
81
38

63
4
59
1

.
-

21
11

-

-

12

-

-

-

2
2
2

.

36
36
-

-

-

-

-

-

22
4
18

21
4
17

5

17
8
9

3

23
14
9

-

-

2

-

44
22
4
4

_

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

20
“
20
2u

35
6
29
22

-

-

3
3
3

33
32
1

40
40
40

4
4

*

12
6
6
6

32

14

.

10

26

4

-

-

-

11
-

-

-

32

5.8) **6o
6.6“
4.77
60
54
4.77

14

*

10

11

26

6
6

8
8

18
18

-

.

-

-

27
25

-

-

1
17
14
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

4

33
20
13

13
12
1

4
4

10
10

5
5

2

24
24

2

-

2
2
3
-

3
-

b

3
2

_

-

-

-

3

•

8
8

W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 7 . 6 0 t o $ 7 . 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follow s:

1 at $ 2 . 4 0 t o $ 2 . 6 0 ; 5 at $ 2 . 6 0 t o $ 2 . 8 0 ; 2 9 at $ 3 t o $ 3 . 2 0 ; a n d 2 5 at $ 3 . 2 0 t o $ 3 . 4 0 .

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




10

-

1

2

2

19
19

-

2
2

-

-

48
48

1
1

-

4
4

_

•

1
1

-

3
3

-

6

.
-

.

-

3

64
•
•

*30
30

9

-

9
9

-

-

*21
21

-

-

-

2

_
_

.
-

•

-

-

-

■
>

-

-

9
7
2

8
8

1

1
1

-

1

30
28
2

8
8

*
'

*
**

-

'

Table A-4a. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in New Orleans, La., January 1976
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earning s of—

Hourly earnings 4

l
S
S
*
%
S
i
S
S
s
S
S
S
$
S
S
*
S
S
$
!
4,2i) 4.30 4.40 4. 50 A .60 4.70 4. 80 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5. 40 5. 60 5 . do 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7. 20 7.40

Occupation and industry division
WO*"!

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2
4.20

and
under
4 . 3 o 4.40 4.50 4. 60 A ,70 4.80 4. 90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.40 5. 60 5. 99 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80

7.00 7.20 7. 40 over

ALL Y0RKE»S
----------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

maintenance

electricians

MA IN TE NA NC E m a c h i n i s t s -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- -----------------MA IN TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY) MANIIF AC TUPING — — — — — — —
MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----- — —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G — —
—

—

— —
—

STATIO NA RY E N GI NE ER S — — — -------—

1T7
140

$
6.26
6.34

$
6.23
6.9i)

$
$
5.85- 7.0;:
5.89- 7.0'

68
63

6.01
6.10

6.06
6.06

5.30- 7.0'
5.62- 7.0';

•
•

-

*

•
-

e

10
10

•

*

*
•

4,45- 5.54
4.20- 6.8^

19
*7

34
18

-

-

6.06- 7.0)

2

-

*

507
469

6.04
6.06

6.06
6.06

5.30- 7.0 :
5.30- 7,00

so

5.30
5.27

5.28
4 .4 4

102

6.46

6.55

-

»
*

-

2
-

-

•
*

70
70

-

9

*

•
-

3
-

4
3

1
-

9
3

11
10

b
5

19
16

26
22

-

-

1
1

•
*

•
-

6
3

-

6
6

6
6

6
8

12
10

14
12

2
2

33
29

26
24

2
-

43
33

-

61
1

2
-

3
-

1

1

*

8
6

-

~

8
-

1
-

4
1

1
-

~

1
1

29
-

*

*

1

-

1

3

1

* W o r k e r s we r e at $3.90 to $4.
See footnotes at end of tables.




•

1
1

-

1

-

74
73

1
-

•
-

-

24
24

4
4

1
1

-

6
-

-

203
203

•
•

•
*

•
-

18
-

16
16

-

-

•
-

9
-

22

-

30

7

8

1

3

12

-

-

85
80

3

6
6

1

2

14

3

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Hourly earnings 4

S

S

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

i
2 .7 0

2 , 3() 2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2,80

12
12
12

534
9
525
191

125
125
11

166
8
158
56

67

476
9
467
151

15
15
-

83
8
75
21

99
99

50

12

25
*
25

12

7

-

%

2 . 20 2 . 3 o

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

S

S

Number
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f---3
S
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 . 6 0 3 .8 0 4 . 0 0 4 .2 0 4 .^ 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5
5 .2 0

5 .6 0

*
6 .0 0

s
6 .4 0

$
6 .8 0

$
7 .2 0

%

and
under
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 ;6 0

10
10
“
1

108
35
73
2

177
40
137
119
5

59
52
7
3

127
4
1 23
84
35

3 43
195
1 48
.
1 48

8
4
4
4
-

44
8
36
16
-

112
112
112
-

60
4
56
36
-

506
4
5 02
5 02
-

-

32
11
21
1

10
10
1

19
9
10
2

In
4
14
3

4
4
-

_
.

-

-

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

13
•
13
-

•

-

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

60
60

53

-

63
63

83
4
79

4
4
4

27
4
23
3

112

.
-

13

53

*

2

42
4
38
8
26

38
35
3
-

8

51
48
3
3

6
6
*

4
4

34
27
7
-

4

76
76
76

143
143

-

1

124

2
2

5
3

65
65

2

10
4
6
6

3 .6 0

3 .8Q

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

87
6
81
7
7

134
10
124
29

201
40
161
77
21

157
4
153
28
10

111
1
110
7
17

133
38
55
14
55

4

40
2
38
*

48
48
12

47
47
8

81
81
2

40
1
39

50

63
63

47
4
43

75
10
65

41
12
29

42
4
38

*

2

24

7

6

11

-

-

-

-

-

4 .0 0

Alt WORKERS
TR UC KD RI VE RS -------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

3 .2 8 1
462
2 .8 1 9
1 .0 2 6
627

$
4 .1 5
4 .3 9
4 .1 0
5 .9 4
3 .3 7

$
3 .6 9
4 .5 5
3 .4 0
6 .4 3
2 .8 5

$
2 .5 6
3 .7 8
2 .5 0
4 .7 0
2 .3 0

-

$
5 .0 5
5 .0 0
5 .6 9
7 .1 3
4 .7 6

TR UC KD RI VE RS . LI GH T TRUCK -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TAIL TRADE --------------------

9 40
50
890
2 09

2 .7 7
3 .5 2
2 .7 3
2 .5 4

2 .3 8
3 .6 9
2 .3 5
2 .3 0

2 . 3 0 - 3 .1 0
2 .5 0 - 4 .1 3
2 . 3 0 - 3 .0 6
2 . 3 0 - 2 .5 o

•
-

TRUCKD RI VE RS . ME DI UM TRUCK ------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U RL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 .1 3 6
127
1 .0 0 9
351
177

4 .2 4
4 .3 8
4 .2 2
6 .1 7
3 .4 5

4 .1 0
4 .5 5
3 .7 5
6 .3 3
3 .5 0

2 . 7 5 - 5 .6 9
4 . 3 1 - 5 .0 6
2 .7 0 - 6 .2 o
5 . 4 9 - 7 .1 3
2 .6 5 - 3 .7 5

12

TR UC KD RI VE RS . HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) -------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

596
91
505
333

5 .3 6
3 .8 1
5 .6 4
6 .1 1

4 .9 5
3 .7 0
4 .9 5
6 .4 3

4 .3 5 3 .0 0 4 .7 0 4 .7 0 -

7 .1 3
4 .2 6
7 .1 3
7 .1 3

*

“

TR UC KD RI VE RS . HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) -------------

343

3 .6 7

3 .2 5

2 .8 2 -

5 .0 0

-

33

-

-

-

-

67

24
4

77

-

*

-

S H IP PI NG CL ERKS ---------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

119
94

4 .6 4
4 .6 5

4 .8 4
4 .8 7

4 .0 8 4 .4 0 -

4 .9 6
4 .9 6

.
*

R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------- NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RE TAIL TRADE --------------------

1 96
57
139
84

3 .8 0
3 .9 3
3 .7 5
3 .8 3

3 .4 6
3 .6 6
3 .4 6
3 .3 8

3 .2 5 - 4 .2 9
3 .2 4 - 4 .3
3 .2 5 - 4 .1 2
3 . 2 5 - 4 .9 1

•
-

SHIP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS ----NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

147
131

3 .9 2
3 .8 8

4 .2 1
4 .1 3

3 .1 0 3 .1 0 -

4 .6 6
4 .6 8

•

W A R E H O U S E M E N .-------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

131
78

4 .0 3
3 .5 4

4 .4 1
3 .3 0

3 .2 0 - 4 .8 8
3 .2 0 - 4 .3 9

.

ORDER FI LL ER S ------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

886
862
2 40

3 .3 3
3 .3 0
4 .4 6

3 .0 8
3 .0 5
4 .8 5

2 .6 0 - 3 .6 r
2 . 6 0 - 3 .5 b
4 . 6 3 - 4 .8 6

-

SHIP PI NG PA CK ER S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

275
98
177
54

3 .1 3
3 .5 2
2 .9 2
3 .3 2

3 .3 0
3 .4 2
2 .7 5
3 .0 3

2 .4 0 - 3 .5 n
3 . 4 2 - 3 .9 0
2 . 3 0 - 3 .4 n
2 .4 3 - 4 .5 u

.
-

MA TERIAL HAND LI NG L A BO RE RS --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----- ----- -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RE TAIL TRADE --------------------

1 .4 2 9
403
1 .0 2 6
472

3 .2 7
3 .8 4
3 .0 5
3 .2 6

2.80

2 .4 2 - 4 .0 ?
3 . 0 9 - 4 .6 1
2 .4 0 - 3 .4 «
2 . 5 0 - 4 .7 r .

24

4 .0 2
2 .6 0
2 .6 5

24
24

-

-

-

*

74
32
42
42

4
*

"

60
4
56
36

159
159
159

_
-

-

•
*

.
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

4

4

_

_

-

*

-

25
2
23
23

4
3
1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

2
-

-

-

•

-

-

•

“

-

-

-

-

•
_
-

-

*

11

33

-

-

11

77

28

7

14

-

2

2

•
*

_

“

2
2

-

-

6
6

11

12
8

_

-

7
7

1

9

2

2

1
-

9
7

2
2

2
2

20
11
9
8

43
8
35
23

39
8
31
7

4
2
2
1

10
2
8
2

15
9
6
2

-

2
-

9
9

-

.

6
6

24
24

9
9

-

6

-

10
10

17
9

9
9

21
21

25
25

.

*

12
12

_

_

-

26
24

12
12

_

-

“

7
4

4
1

26
8

31
9

7
2

22
2
2

27
27
27

153
153
153

•

-

-

14

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

“

•

*

*

108
72
36
36

1 36
21
115
108

40
40
-

8
6
2

.

.

-

•

-

-

-

9
9
6
6
81
81

.
-

.
*

-

-

“

*

*
74
74
8

72
72
9

36
36
2

130
1 28
26

31
31
4

3
1
1

2
2
2

_

14

14

12

75
42
33
“

.
-

•
-

*

42
40
2
2

2
2

12
12

7
4
3
3

84
34
50
14

63
12
51
15

49
24
25

46
44
2
1

23
8
15
2

120
64
56

24

-

2

-

-

-

-

24
-

2
2

9
*

14
2

14
5

2 74
50
824
65

72
14
58
28

198

72
12
60
42

74
2
72
36

29

198
90

-

4
4

100
100
4

60
10
50
14

-

*

"

*

no
110
2

*

33
33

12
12
-

-

-

“

36
28
8
*

3

112
112
*

149
2
147
147
*

*

-

-

*

9

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




53

-

12

-

29
5

-

*

-

-

1
1
1

8

8
5

-

-

-

•

.

-

-

_
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

.

-

-

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in New Orleans, La., January 1976— Continued
Hourly

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
1
s
S
$
S
$
$
S
S
$

1 ------- $
6 .4 0 6 .8 0

-----7 .2 0

*
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 u

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

$
5 .2 0

3
5 .6 0

%

2 .3 0

S
2 .4 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

> ,8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 ,6 0

4 ,8 Q . 5 . 2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 C

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

-

6
6

25
15
10
4

27
12
15
-

37

32
31
1
-

77
75

155
128
27
-

-

-

24
24
24
-

-

-

71
70
1
1
-

-

2

68
10
58
58

34
34
-

1

101
65
36
36
-

28
28
-

-

31
26
5
3

20

29
8

*

“

“

4

2

*

“

12

“

-

6

42

-

-

-

",

-

-

79
34

-

17
17

6

10
-

16
ro

10

10
8

10
10

8
8

8
8

8
8

4

-

-

-

$
2 .2 0

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2 Median ^

Middle range ^

%

6 .0 0

and
under

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUEO
FO RKLIFT O P ER AT OR S ---------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------RE TA IL TRADE ------------------------------------

7 35
528
257
75
84

$
4 .3 2
4 .3 9
4 .1 9
5 .4 2
4 .3 0

$
4 .1 2
4 .1 2
4 .3 5
4 .7 0
4 .8 5

$
$
3 . 4 3 - 4 .9 1
3 . 5 1 - 5 . 0 ''
3 .0 0 - 4 .8 “
4 . 7 0 - 7 .1 3
3 .3 6 - 4 .9 6

*

9
“
9
*

*

20
20
8

PO WE R- TR UC K OP ER AT OR S (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) -----------------------------------------

66

4 .6 3

4 .9 2

4 .1 9 -

*

*

*

*

GUARDS AND WATC HM EN -------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------GUARDS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s * and

-----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------PU BLIC UT ILITIES ---------------------------cleaners

RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2 .1 3 0
153

2 .4 7
3 .4 8

4 .9 ?

2 .3 0
3 .0 1
«>• JO

2 .3 0 2 .5 0 C_»JO

2 .3 6
4 .5 1
C_«J

134

3 .5 2

3 .0 1

2 .5 0 -

4 .7 7

3 .5 2 4
3 66
3 .1 5 8
45
8 62

2 .6 2
4 .0 0
2 .4 6
3 .7 1
2 .5 1

2 .3 0
3 .9 4
2 .3 0
3 .3 1
2 .3 0

2 .3 0 3 .1 5 2 .3 0 2 .9 7 2 . 3o—

2 .5 ,
5 .0 6
2 .4 '
4 .2 1
2 .4 5

174
-

*

1462
6
1456

89
-

3

15
6

52
210
6

2 04
66

“

6

“

34

159
8
151
70

74
74

46

231

47
15
32
4
7

13

13

6

6

40

2 25

5

See footnotes at end of tables.




50
6

3

*

3 24 2 0 2 5
•
52
324 1 97 3
426
161

151
52

*

a

10

34

22

2
-

3

20
*

5

9
24
4
8

2

3
1

14
14

5
5
-

31
22
9
-

77

3

*

67
10
-

-

4

10

8

b

13
6

55

29
20
9
2

16

70
40
30
30

78
73

7
6
1

4

rv

-

*

33

13
1

26
29
11
le

7
9
-

8

_

-

5

-

l
l
-

-

-

-

5

.
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

Table A-5a. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in New Orleans, La., January 1976
N u m b e r of wo rk er s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4
Occupation and industry division
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
3
3
3
3
3
5
3
S
3
3
3
S
s
3
S
S
S
S
$
3
%
$
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3. 00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20
and
under
o
oo
>•
*

4.40 4.60

2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3, 2Q 3.40 3.60 3.80 4,00

$•20 5,6# 6.Q0 6.40 6,80 7,20 7,6g

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRAOE

376
97
279
236

$
4.75
4.62
4.80
4.56

$
4.95
4.41
4.95
4.95

$
4.354. 25 4. 78 4. 65 -

$
5 . 01
"
5.06
5.05
4.96

-

10

-

2

-

-

14

3

*

10
10

-

2
2

*

*

-

14
14

3
2

12
1
11
11

8
3
5
5

1
1
1

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------

134
100
59

4.90
4.94
4.07

4.78
4.78
4.50

4.41- 6.2n
4.13- 6.2o
3.40- 4.78

.
*

_
“

.
*

2
2
2

*

*

•
*

11
11
11

2
2
2

7
7
7

3
3
3

*

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) -------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

182

4.79

4.95

4. 93 - 4.96

SHIPPING CLERKS

58

4.90

4.96

4.96- 5 . In

RECEIVING CLERKS------- —
NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE ---------

99
73
70

4.12
4.12
4.04

4.00
3.65
3.56

3.30- 4.91
3.25- 4.96
3.25- 4.94

•
-

4
4
-

38
38
-

15
3
3

•
*

3
3
*

38
38
*

3
3
-

45
40
5
b

19
16
3
3

35
35
35

178
30
148
148

*

6
2
2

19
3
3

26
26
26

-

4
4
-

_
•

-

-

2
*

*

•
“
-

_
*

“

*

-

2
2
2

2
2
2

3
1
1

27
23
23

9
7
7

1

-

-

32

-

-

143

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

2

5

47

1

-

-

-

-

2
2
1

4
2
2

7
2
2

-

10
6
6

25
23
23

4
i
i

—
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

£

•

_

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------

73

4.78

4.83

4.60- 5.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

*

-

-

3

-

4

26

31

7

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

229
221
221

4.53
4.54
4. 54

4.85
4.85
4.85

4.76- 4.86
4.76- 4.86
4.76- 4.86

-

.
*

•
-

2
2
2

_

8
8
8

8
8
8

2
2
2

10
8
8

4
4
4

3
1
1

2
2
2

-

6
2
2

27
27
27

153
153
153

•
•
-

-

*

-

*

4
4
4

-

•
-

.
-

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE

101
S3
53

3.39
3.33
3.33

3.42
3.05
3.05

3.00- 3.42
2.40- 4.85
2.40- 4.85

•
-

14
14
14

-

2
2
2

.
*

2
2
2

5
5
5

11
11
11

7
3
3

42
“

_
-

2
2
2

-

2
-

-

-

14
14
14

•
-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

m a t e r ia l han dling lab or er s
m anufacturing ------nonm anufacturing —

441
125
316
301

3.90
4.30
3.74
3.69

4.60
4.61
4.46
3.90

2.703.502.502.50-

4.81
4.61
4.81
4.81

_
-

4
4
4

.
-

84
84
84

20
20
20

30
30
30

5
“
5
5

14
12
2
2

3
3
3

25
24
1
-

2
2
1

2
2
2

1
1
-

1
1
i

8
8
5

108
72
36
36

132
17
115
108

_
•
-

•
.
-

•

_
_

-

-

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------m anufacturing —
nonm anufacturing —
RETAIL TRADE ---------

270
185
85
84

4. 49
4.57
4.32
4.30

4.75
4. 73
4.85
4.85

3.513.513.403.36-

4.96
5.83
4.96
4.96

.

-

.

8

-

4

8

*

-

8
8

*

4
4

-

8
8

68
66
2
2

5
2
3
3

-

•
•
-

)
1
-

1
1
-

65
65
.

58

*

2
1
1
1

-

58
58

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

142
132

3.38
3.41

3.01
3.01

2.50- 4.46
2.50- 4.51

•

-

•
•*

55
52

-

9

6

.

6

32
30

*

1
*

1
“

*

8
8

10
10

8
8

GUARDS I
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

122

3.40

3.01

2.50- 4.51

10

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING --------------------- ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------"RETAIL TRAOE---------------------------

611
129
482
377

3.12
4.47
2.76
2.75

2.50
4.44
2.40
2.35

2.353.942.352.35-

7
7

RETAIL TRADE ---------

4.09
5.25
2.75
2.7o

*

6

*

“

-

-

-

52

-

6

-

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

25
25

205
205
192

39
39

50
50
46

13
13
11

46
6
40
34

24
2
22
8

10

12

11
8
3
3

19
19

3

41
12
29
18

22
20

22

3

-

3
2

7
1

12
8

1
1

-

-

3
1

2
2

_

_

•
•
-

2
2
31
30
1

19
19
-

-

-

-

-

8
8

4
4

-

-

-

8

-

8

4

-

-

.

30

51
50
1

30
30

•
-

_
*
"

See footn otes at end o f tables.




14

_
•

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
earnings

M A l N TE NA NC E . TOOLROOM. A-xfi
P O WE PP LA uT O C CU PA TI ON S - MtN
1. 98

428
313
115
45
m

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
woikers
earnings4

MATERIAL M U V c'Mu m T AND CU S T u DI A l
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
73

MAlNItiNANLt- r A l ' 1t K3
li

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MO VEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CONTINUED
$

$

m1

J?

5.75
5.89

__
2.00
. „ n . .. ll Um, #
ll/> .

5 48
4.83

806
149
60

J.2G

, ^

TR UCKDRIVERS. ME DI UM TRUCK -------

nanUr

Av

lUK 1r i
vu

m

m

/ no
4 39

■ *
" ■
*

5.78
3*45

5 •42

5.62
TR UCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) -------------------------

m echanics

797

5.58

651
406

5.36 PO WE R- TR UC K OPER AT OR S

331

5.66
5.99

594
91

111 1

343

maintenance

of
woikers

G 06

50




Number

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

3.67

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
119

4.64

(OTHER

66
1.983

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- ------

1» 834

2.39

GUARDS!
1JV

6 11
307
146
161

M sn U r A v 1 U K I N v

HANUr A L 1 UK l l i l )

" " jt

■

* ” w" * * * * *

285
109
176

4.65
5.61
3.78

192
54

3.80
3.95

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEA NE RS —
m anufacturing

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G
r e t a il

131

— —

—

—

—

2.607
348
2.259

2.70

917

2.39

2.49

trade

MATE RI AL MO VEMENT AND CUSTUUIAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

4.79

S3

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CL EANERS —
K tI A i L

See footnotes at end of tables.

15

1 KAUL




Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sexlarge establishments in New Orleans, La., January 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
(m ean4 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

MATE RI AL MOVE ME NT AND CUST OD IA L
OC CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CONT IN UE D

m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
P O WE RP LA NT O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

$

$ _

^
i
r 1n
6.10

507

6 f'
t
,w -

87

5.30
5.27

315

102

(MACHINERY) -

6.34

213
50

MAINTE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S

140
ra

M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

6.46

.0

3 90

MAINTE NA NC E ME CHANICS

MATE RI AL MOVE ME NT AND CUSTODIAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

84
3.

7 of
GUARDS|<

*
/ f»A
f 9'
4.07
TR UC KD RI VE RS , HEAVY TRUCK

30

lift

1
AND C L EA NE RS ---

543

#

1

1A

a

JANITORS* PORTERS*

k f

4*79

SHIP PI NG CL ERKS ----------------------

58

4.90

MATE RI AL MOVE ME NT AND CUST OD IA L
OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

R E CE IV IN G CL ERKS --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- — --- -------

95
72
69

4.13
4.11
4.02

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS ---

See footnotes at end of tables.

16

66
58

2.77

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in New Orleans, La., January 1976
January 1972
to
January 1973

January 1973
to
January 1974

January 1974
to
January 1975

January 1975
to
January 1976

All industries:
Office clerical______________________ ___________
Electronic data processing_____ ____ __________
Industrial n u r s e s ____________________________ _ _
Skilled maintenance trades * * ________ __________
Unskilled plant workers ** ----------------------

4.8
*
4.7
8.0
5.9

6.9
*
8.6
6.2
5.6

9.1
7.2
***
8.9
11.5

7.8
7.5
8.5
10.6

Manufacturing:
Office clerical__________________________________
Electronic data processing_ _____ _____________
_
Industrial n u r s e s -------------------- --------Skilled maintenance trades * * ___________________
Unskilled plant workers ** ____________________

6.0
*
5.7
8.5
7.1

7.7
*
8.4
5.8
7.5

***
***
***
10.3
9.8

***
♦ ♦♦
***
8.6
10.1

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical________ __________________________
Electronic data processing____ _ _ ___________
Industrial n u r s e s ________________ _____________
Skilled maintenance trades * * ---- - -----------Unskilled plant workers * * ------- ------------

4.4
*
***
seSse
jsej
5.8

6.8
*
***
***
5.0

8.8
7.6
***
***
12.0

7.9
7.6

Industry and occupational group
(men and w o m e n combined)

*
**
***

aefsc
jscj
10.7

Data not available.
Percent increases for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to m e n only.
Data do not me e t publication criteria.

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. The me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification wa s provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for wo rk on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




17

Appendix A
A r e a w age and r ela ted ben efits data ar e obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f Bu reau fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls . 1 In each o f the i n t e r ­
vening y e a r s , in fo rm a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c cu p a t io n a l ea r n in g s is c o l ­
le c te d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , and telephone
in te r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a rticip atin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u str y d iv is io n s within the s c o p e of the su r v e y , ar e
not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e either (1) e m p loy m en t in the
o c cu p a t io n is too s m a ll to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t pr esen ta tion , or
(2) th er e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in div id ual estab lis h m en t data.
Sepa­
rate m e n ' s and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data ar e not p r e s e n te d when the n u m ber o f
w o r k e r s not iden tified by s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en
iden tified in an o c cu p a t io n .
E a rn in g s data not shown sep a r a tely f o r in du stry
d iv is io n s ar e in clu ded in data f o r all in d u str ies c om bined.
L ik e w is e ,
data ar e in clu ded in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c la s s if ic a t i o n of
e l e c t r o n i c s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r ­
m a tio n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a ila b le .

In eac h o f the 84 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data ar e obtain ed f r o m
1
*
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s within six b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa c­
tu ring ; t r a n s p o r t a tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilities ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n ce, i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u str y g rou p s ex clu d e d f r o m th e s e studies a r e g ov e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s are om itted b e c a u s e o f in su ffic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a t io n s studied.
Separate ta bula tions a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s which m e e t p u blica tion c r i t e r i a .

O cc u p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea r n in g s data are shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h ed u le.
E a rnin gs data
ex clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s , h olid a y s , and
late shifts. Non production b o n u s e s ar e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in cen tive bo n u se s a r e in clu d e d .
W eek ly hours fo r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to the standard w o rk w e e k
(rounded to the n e a r e s t half hour) f o r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u la r
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r egu lar a n d / o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea r n in g s f o r th e se o c cu p a t io n s are rounded
to the n e a r e s t h alf d o ll a r .

T h ese s u r v e y s ar e con du cted on a sa m ple b a s i s .
The sam plin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d eta iled st ra tifica tio n o f all e s t a b lis h m e n t s within the
s c o p e o f an in div id ual a r e a s u r v e y by in du stry and n u m b er o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this stra tified u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m ple is s e l e c t e d , with each
e s ta b lis h m en t having a p r e d e t e r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e l e c t io n . To obtain optim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than sm a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m en ts is s e l e c t e d .
When data ar e c o m b i n e d , each e s ta b lis h m en t is
w eig hted a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b ility of s e l e c t io n , so that unbiased e s t im a t e s
ar e g en erated .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f four e st a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it is giv en a weight of fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th r e e o th e r s .
An alternate
of the sa m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ility is c h o s e n in the sa m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
fic a t io n if data ar e not a v a ilab le f r o m the o r ig i n a l sa m ple m e m b e r .
If no
suitable substitute is a v a ila b le , additional weight is a s sig n ed to a sa m ple
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l earn ing s in an a r ea
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in dividu al o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w age c h a n g e s . The a v e r a g e s f o r in dividual jo b s
a r e a ffe c te d by ch a n g es in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tter n s.
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m ay cha nge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to better j o b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p lo y m e n t co u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
pational a v e r a g e ev en though m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w ag es
during the y e a r .
C hanges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , shown in table
A - 7 , ar e b e tte r i n d ic a t o r s of w age tr e n d s than ar e earn ings cha nges f o r
in dividu al j o b s within the g r o u p s .

O cc u p a tion s and earn ings
O cc u p a tion s s e l e c t e d fo r study ar e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u f a c ­
turing and n onm anufacturing in d u s t r ie s , and ar e o f the fo llow in g ty p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l ; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o l r o o m ,
and p ow erp lan t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and cu s to d ia l.
O ccup ationa l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a sed on a u n if o r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d es ig n ed to take
accoun t o f in te r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r ia t io n in du ties within the sam e j o b .
O ccu­
pations s e l e c t e d f o r study ar e lis ted and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
Unless
o th e r w is e in dicated, the e a r n in g s data f ollow in g the jo b title s a r e for all
in d u s tr ie s c o m b i n e d .
E a rn in gs data fo r s o m e o f the o c cu p a t io n s lis ted and

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r ea w id e e st im a t e s .
In dustries
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in pay l e v e l and j o b staffin g, and thus contribute
d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t im a t e s f o r each jo b .
Pay a v e r a g e s m a y fail to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w age d if f e r e n t ia l am ong j o b s in in dividu al e sta b lis h m en ts.
A v e r a g e pay le v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc cu p ation s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s within indiv idual
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w hich m a y c on trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s include p r o ­
g r e s s i o n within e s t a b lis h e d rate r a n g e s (on ly the r a t e s paid in cum bents are
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c dutie s within the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
descrip tions.
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u sed to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in these s u r v e y s
usu ally ar e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose u sed in in div id ual est a b lis h m e n t s
and allow f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c if i c duties
perform ed.

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, V a .-N . C . ; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; R aleighDurham, N. C . ; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—
Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




18

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll e s t a b ­
lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e ca u se o c cu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the ea rn in g s data.
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta ble A -7 are b a sed on ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r e sta b lis h m e n ts r e p o rtin g the tren d jo b s in both
the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data are
a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f em p loy m en t sh ifts
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f esta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed in su rv ey
sa m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c t o r s
oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H irin g, la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
esta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e fo r an o c cu p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a re paid under plans
p ro v id in g a ran ge o f w age ra te s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en ter at the bottom o f the ra n g e,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):

S killed m a in ten an ce (m en
and w o m e n ):

C om p u ter sy s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
Painte r s
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ic s (m a ch in ery )
M e ch a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs

In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in d u str ia l
n u rses
P e r c e n t ch a n g es fo r indiv:
as fo llo w s :

U n sk illed plant (m en and
w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com pu ted

O ccu p a tio n s u sed to com p u te w age tren d s a r e :

O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n ):

O rd e r c le r k s
A cco u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B




T h e se w eigh ts a r e u sed to com p u te grou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m ean) ea rn in g s is m u ltip lied
by its w eigh t.
The p r o d u c ts a re tota led to obtain a
g rou p a v e r a g e .

3.

The ra tio o f g rou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted by d iv id in g the a v e ra g e fo r the cu r re n t y ea r
by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The re su lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ce n t— le s s 100 is the p e rce n t change.

F o r a m o r e d eta iled d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com p u te th ese
w age tr e n d s , see "Im p ro v in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly L ab or
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .

O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n )---- C ontinued

S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

E ach o ccu p a tio n is a s sig n e d a w eigh t ba sed on its p r o ­
p ortion a te em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n a l grou p in the
b a se y e a r .

2.
The p e r c e n t ch a n ges r e la te to w age ch a n g es betw een the in d ica ted
d a te s.
When the tim e span b etw een su r v e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e show n.
(It is a ssu m ed that w a g es in c r e a s e at a con stan t rate
b etw een s u r v e y s .)

1.

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su pplem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a re not p re se n te d in th is b u lletin . In fo r ­
m a tion fo r th ese tabu la tion s is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 T h ese tabu ­
la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs and d a y s; paid h olid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and pen sion plans are p r e se n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les)
in p r e v io u s b u lletin s fo r th is a r e a .
Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.

19

Appendix table 1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
.
in New Orleans, La.,1January 1976

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 15
4
37
26

W i t h in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

157.771

100

ALL ES TA BL IS HM EN TS
846

ALL DI VISIONS ---------------------------------------------------------------------

203
3 1

8 2 ,6 0 8

114)483

27
73

2 4 ,3 9 2
5 8 ,2 1 6

25

50

19,04 8
3 .0 5 9
2 0 .5 3 9
5 ,6 61
9 ,9 0 9

TRANSPOR TA TI ON * CO MM UNICATION, AND
cn
K t ' ^ IL

1

J 1

140

M L/C.

IB

50

13

^6

LA9GE E S TA BL IS HM EN TS
49

ALL DIVI SI ON S ---------------------------------------------------------------------

41

bO .772
2 0 .7 1 3
4 0 .0 5 9

31

100

5 5 .8 8 5

38,99 1

TRAN SP OR TA TI ON * CO MM UN IC AT IO N, AND
500
K L 1^ 1 L

1

°

A UC
A

500

15,35 8

15,35 8

16.66 8
3 .2 90

3 ,2 9 0

1 T h e N e w O r l e a n s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s i s t s o f J e f f e r s o n ,
O r l e a n s , S t. B e r n a r d , a n d S t. T a m m a n y P a r i s h e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e
s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i t h i n th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , an d m o t io n p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i t h i n th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta is n o t m a d e f o r on e
o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o te ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b il e r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




20

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t
its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p rop ria te o ccu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f
p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to e sta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a rea to
area.
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u se o f th is em p h a sis on in te re sta b lish m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m th ose in u se in in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose
p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u rp q s e s . In applying th ese jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s are
in stru cte d to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tice s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; tr a in e e s ; and h an dicapped,
p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M ain ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ighly r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W ork s fa ir ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m inim um o f d eta iled
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce.
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u su a lly in clu din g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f co m p a ra b le
n atu re and d iffic u lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow ledge o f o ffic e rou tin e
and u nderstan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x clu s io n s

a. R e c e iv e s teleph on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in com in g m a il,
a n sw e rs routine in q u ir ie s , and r ou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in stru cte d ;
d.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s,

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k es appoin tm en ts as
R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic and typing w ork .




a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b ov e;
b.

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in a tes;

e. R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s, and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign ature to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p og ra p h ic
accuracy;
f.

Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above “c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p les o f p o s itio n s w hich are ex clu d ed fr o m the d efin ition a re
as fo llo w s :
w hich

do

not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n ce p t

S ten og ra p h ers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;

c . S ten og ra p h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a s sista n ts to a g rou p o f p r o f e s ­
sio n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w hich the du ties a re e ith er su bsta n tially
m o r e routine o r su bsta n tially m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d efin ition ;

B eginning with ca len d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u reau has g rou p ed o c cu p a tio n s studied in its
a r e a w age s u rv e y s into jo b fa m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on re la te d o ccu p a tio n s in se q u e n ce .
Job fa m ilie s have not been title d , h o w e v e r, sin ce doin g so m igh t have added ex tra n eou s e le m e n ts to the
jo b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u reau has a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c cu p a tio n a l title s .
w o rd o r d e r and a re m o r e d e s c r ip tiv e o f the su r v e y jo b s .

21

The title s m o r e n e a r ly r e fle c t u su al

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s — Continued

e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w hose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ility is not eq u ivalen t to on e o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition
d u ties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at lea st s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w hich a re
o fte n , in tu rn, fu rth er su b d ivid ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a
N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d efin ition s
w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o; £ £
follow ing^ r e fe r s to th o se o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c tiv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s
oth er eq u ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
p erson s.
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ice p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u al c a s e s o r tra n s a ctio n s (e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny
C la s s D
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u al tru st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be "c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r s " fo r
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s );
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y tp a non s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s sig n s t e n o g r a p h e rs , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A PH E R

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b oa rd o r p re sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion u sin g sh orth an d, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d icta tio n .
M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip with on ly one m a n a ger
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p re sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w ide fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pa n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (or
oth er equ ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t
often in volvin g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
keep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m aintain f ile s ,
sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m othe;r r e la t iv e ly routine c l e r i c a l ta sk s.
S ten og ra p h er, S en ior

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a lso set up and
m ain tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc ,
OR
P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic du ties r e q u irin g s ig n ifica n tly g re a te r in d e­
pen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than ste n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l as e v id en ced by the
fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orough w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u sin e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , file s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic du ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m ain taining follow u p file s ; a s se m b lin g
m a te r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t te r s ; c o m p o s in g sim p le le tte r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; read in g and routing in co m in g m a il; and an sw erin g
routine q u e stio n s, e tc .

22

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v olv in g a n o r m a l routine
v o ca b u la r y fr o m t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e rs t r a n s c r ib in g d icta tion in volvin g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s
oh s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d e d . A w o r k e r who ta k es d icta tio n in
shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g r a p h e r.

C la s s A . O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch ­
b o a rd handling in co m in g , ou tg oin g , in traplan t o r o ffic e c a lls .
P e r fo r m s fu ll
telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r h an dles c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e ,
c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith er in addition to doing routine w ork
as d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll-tim e assign m en t.
( " F u l l " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the esta b lish m en t has
v a r ie d fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily u n derstan dab le fo r teleph on e in fo rm a tio n
p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u se o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te r r e la te d fu n ctio n s, and c o n s e ­
qu en tly p r e s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s as to w hich e x te n sio n s a re ap p rop ria te
f o r c a lls .)

T YPIST
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have been m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in clu d e
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in d u p licatin g p r o ­
cesses.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w ork in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as
keepin g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sortin g and d istrib u tin g
in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w hen it in v olv es com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g , s y lla b ica tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layout and
typing o f c o m p lic a te d s t a tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and ba la n ce in
sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ryin g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s
rough o r c le a r
o r settin g up
a lre a d y set up

B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fr o m
d r a fts ; o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o li c ie s , e t c .;
sim p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F ile s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e sta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m .
M ay p e r fo r m c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sk s re q u ire d to m ain tain f ile s .
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the follow in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d ocu m en ts, e t c ., in an e sta b lis h e d filin g sy stem
contain in g a n u m ber o f v a r ie d su b ject m a tter f ile s .
M ay a ls o file th is
m a te r ia l.
M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction with the f ile s .
M ay lea d a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B.
S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by sim p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r) h eadin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s. A s r e q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la s s C .
P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w hich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
sy ste m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l; and m a y
fill out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s
r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
M ESSENGER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine du ties such as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g
m a il, and oth e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e op e ra tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.




C la s s B . O p era tes a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch ­
b o a rd handling in co m in g , ou tg oin g , in traplan t o r o ffic e c a lls .
M ay handle
rou tin e lon g d is ta n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o l ls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telephon e
in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e .
( " L im it e d " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s i f the
fu n ction s o f the e sta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u nderstan dable fo r t e l e ­
phone in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e sts a re rou tin e, e .g ., giving
e x te n sio n n u m b ers when s p e c ific n a m es a re fu rn ish e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls
a r e r e fe r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h e se c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s in t e l e ­
phone c o m p a n ie s who a s s is t c u s to m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r
m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m
rou tin e c l e r i c a l w ork as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
T h is typing o r c l e r i c a l w ork
m a y take the m a jo r pa rt o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at sw itch b oa rd .
O RD ER C L E R K
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise by m a il,
ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g ;
Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sheet listin g the ite m s to
m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay
c h e ck w ith c r e d it d epa rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r , a ck n o w l­
edge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to see that th ey
have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
ACCO U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e rify in g the in te rn a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s sig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam inin g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lica te d jo u rn a l
v o u c h e r s . M ay w ork in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
The w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w hich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a ctio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r
ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the book k eep in g and accou n tin g te r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s sig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ire d to have a kn ow ledge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the follow in g

A C C O U N T IN C t C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

M A C H IN E B I L L E R ---- C o n tin u e d

C la s s A .
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n on re p e titiv e a ccou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bsta n tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n sa ctio n s th rough p re v io u s a ccou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one or
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r
without a ty p e w r ite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and com p u tes and u su a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v olv e a kn ow led ge
o f b ook k eep in g .
W ork s fr o m u n iform and standard ty p es o f sa le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B.
Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r
a ccou n tin g d o c u m e n ts; and c o d i n g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g c o d e s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y ­
b oa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow ledge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru ctu re
o f the p a rticu la r a ccou n tin g sy ste m u sed .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch phase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly re q u irin g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a ses
o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not
in clu d in g a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i lle r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib u tio n , ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc .
M ay ch e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the a ccou n tin g
d ep a rtm en t.

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in g s
b a se d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll
sh e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g d a ys, tim e , r a te ,
d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w ag es due.
M ay m ake out p a y ch e ck s and
a s s is t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s.
M ay u se a
c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e.
K E Y PU N C H O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify alph a betic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g it e m s to be keyp un ch ed fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M ay
tra in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B . W ork is routine and r e p e tit iv e .
U nder c lo s e su p e r v isio n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m various- stan ­
d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w hich have been c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M ACHINE B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i lle r s are c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typing and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U sually in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m ay not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w hich a re a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m a ch in e .
The o p e r a tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e num ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fold m a ch in e.




O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s su ch as the ta bu la tor, c a lc u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E xclu ded fr o m
th is d efin ition a re w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o ex clu d e d are o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , even though th ey m a y a ls o op era te e le c t r ic
a ccou n tin g m a ch in e equ ip m en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is of the follow in g

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r e p o rtin g and tabulating a s sig n m en ts
in clu d in g d e v isin g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l pa n el w irin g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich
often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g som e planning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s . Is

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ---- C o n tin u e d

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ---- C o n tin u e d

ty p ic a lly in v olv ed in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g se q u e n ce s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in ad dition to the s im p le r m a ch in es u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to do som e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e te r , r e p ro d u cin g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r re p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
sim p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to e sta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R SY STEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D evelop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eeded to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d to a ch iev e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; ou tlin es a ctio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f test p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e co m m e n d s eq u ip ­
m en t ch a n g es to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e rs
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly sts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th eir pay.)

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m ain taining d e p o s ito r a cco u n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in v en tory
a cco u n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le sa le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs with p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lied .

C la s s C . W ork s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r ry in g out an aly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s sig n m e n ts are d esig n ed to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk .
F o r ex a m p le , m ay a s s is t a«higher
le v e l s y s te m s an alyst by p re p a rin g the d eta iled s p e c ific a tio n s re q u ire d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l a n alyst.

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific o r en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s an a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f sy ste m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p ro d u ctio n s c h e d ­
u lin g, in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y ite m o f e a ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll sy ste m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te follow u p a c tio n s are in itia ted by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n ee d e d ,
fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es and fo r obtain in g
equ ip m en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

to

lo w e r

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u sin e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a lyst, into a seq u en ce o f d eta iled in stru ctio n s w hich a re re q u ire d
to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
W orkin g fr o m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in stru ctio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n tered into the c o m p u te r sy ste m in co d e d language, ca u se the m a n ipu ­
la tion o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze c h a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d eta iled flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th ese c h a rts to co d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
du rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
op e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tains r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s an alysts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir pay.)

le v e l s y s te m s an alysts

C la s s B . W ork s in d epen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a re c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,




OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W ork s in depen den tly on routine a ssig n m en ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in su re p r o p e r
align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .

25

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gra m m er.
W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in stru ctio n s to
d e te rm in e equ ipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm ent with r e q u ire d
it e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta rts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k es a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ja l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
du rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s ca u se o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in tain s op era tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

F or

w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ire co m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and ch a rts w h ich id en tify
the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s steps o f the p r o b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
plans the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a ctio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
c o m p u te r sy ste m in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u se c o m p u te r equipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m
n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n siv e n u m ber
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a ctio n s as
d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e u s e d , e sta b lis h m e n t o f
lin kage p oin ts b etw een o p e r a tio n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d co m p u te r sto ra g e c a p a c ity , and su bsta n tial m an ipu lation and
re s e q u e n cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in teg ra ted p r o g r a m .

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who are
a s sig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le seg m en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p ro d u ce data in two
o r th re e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a re p ro d u ce d by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a re r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s sb that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can be te s te d b y usin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d epen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s sig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nder fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s tru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u su a lly le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s sig n m e n ts are
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s sig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ire d
p roced u res.




F or

w age

study

p u rp oses,

co m p u te r

op erators

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e ra te s in dep en d en tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d and in tr o d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s are o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ften r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
kn ow led ge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and altern a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p era tes in dep en d en tly , o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is little o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s are p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r change o r can not be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a s o n a b ly sh ort tim e . In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ a tion s, d ia g n o s e s c a u se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e a ctio n .
T his
u su a lly in v o lv e s ap plyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e ste p s, o r u sin g
stan dard c o r r e c t io n te ch n iq u e s .
OR
O p e ra te s u nder d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h igh er le v e l o p e r a t o r by in d epen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la s s C .
W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equipm ent u sed and
d e te ct p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U sually has
som e fo r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la ss A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e sta b lis h e d d raftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W ork s in c lo s e su pport w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a rts .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r e n g in eerin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s.
M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d r a ft e r s .

D RA F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n onroutin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s sig n m en ts
that r e q u ire the a p p lica tion o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed draw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w ork a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d raw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d raw in gs fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu din g d e ta il d ra w in gs o f fou n ­
d a tion s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m anu als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u sed , load c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ire m e n ts , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted
w ork is c h e ck e d fo r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c tr o n ic
equ ipm ent as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C.
P r e p a r e s d e ta il draw in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts fo r
en g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p es o f
draw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d ep ictin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p osition in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n so lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m ber o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . Su ggested m eth od s o f
a p p ro a ch , a p p lica b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ice on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls are given
w ith in itia l a s sig n m e n ts .
In stru ctio n s a re le s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m en ts
recu r.
W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d du ring p r o g r e s s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the follow in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to so lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be so lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w orkin g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equ ipm en t.
E x a m p les o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e lo ca tio n and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s, and frequ en t
en g in e e rin g c h a n g e s .
W ork in v o lv e s : A d eta iled understan din g o f the in te r ­
re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g indepen den t ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta sk s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ips in sign a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts ( e .g ., dual
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

W ork m a y be re v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p ro v id e
t e c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by oth ers by p la cin g tr a c in g
cloth o r p a p er o v e r d raw in gs and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n cil.
(D oes not
in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin es and a
la rg e s c a le not r e q u irin g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r re p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W ork is c lo s e ly su p e r v ise d during p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s [ i .e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w orkin g on
e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t.
W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity with the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m en t in d ete rm in in g w ork seq u en ce and in s e le ctin g
to o ls and testin g in stru m e n ts , u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose u sed by the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w ork is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce with a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w ork a s s ig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W ork s on v a r io u s typ es o f e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m a in tain in g,
r e p a ir in g , ov e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m od ifyin g , c o n s tru ctin g , and te s tin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s, and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in
r e q u ire d o p e ra tin g con d ition .
The equ ipm ent— c o n s istin g o f eith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le re p e titio n o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in clu d e s , but is not lim ited
to , the fo llo w in g :
(a) E le c tr o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm ent (e .g .,
r a d a r, r a d io , te le v is io n , telep h on e, son a r, n av iga tion a l a id s), (b) d ig ita l and
an alog c o m p u te r s , and (c) in d u str ia l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n tro llin g
equ ipm ent.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w ork in g te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r fo r m sim p le or
routine ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tion s w hich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta sk s a s : A s s is tin g h igh er le v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t r e a d in g s; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and u sin g to o ls and c o m m o n test in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n ow led ge, h o w e v e r, m a y be a c q u ir e d through a ssign m en ts d esig n ed to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m train in g) so that w o r k e r can
ad vance to h igh er le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W ork is ty p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is given d eta iled r e v ie w
w hen n ew o r ad vanced a s sig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E — C o n t in u e d

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r oth e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
su ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid e n t r e p o r t s fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r

oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and health ev a lu a tion s o f
a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
health ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev alu ation o f plant en v iron m en t, o r
o th e r a c tiv it ie s a ffe c tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s , in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than
one n u rse a re e x clu d e d .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TE N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M AIN TE N A N C E M ACHINIST

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y du ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain tain
in g ood r e p a ir bu ild in g w ood w ork and equipm ent such as b in s, c r i b s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade o f w ood
in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e rb a l in s tru ctio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard
m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g standard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n ­
sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o p e ra te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in stru ctio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w ork ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g ' in stru m e n ts ; settin g up and op era tin g
stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking
standard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g; kn ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le ctin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm en t re q u ire d fo r th is
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N AN C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN TE N A N C E M ECHANIC (M a ch in ery )
R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E x am in in g m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm ent to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g
m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h an dtools in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts with item s
obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t part by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the. m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m akin g a ll
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten a n ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce .
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju sting m a ch in e s .

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s t a l­
la tion , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty of e le c t r ic a l eq u ip ­
m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r oth er s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g n osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy ste m o r eq u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g standard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to load r e q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and
m e a s u rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E M ECH A N IC (M otor V e h ic le s )

M AIN TE N A N C E PA IN TE R

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g au tom otive eq u ip ­
m ent to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm ent and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f such h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , gau ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts; re p la c in g brok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m sto ck ; g rin d in g and ad ju sting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m e n ts ; and a lign in g w h e e ls , ad ju sting b r a k e s and lig h ts, o r tigh ten in g body
bo-lts.
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in ten an ce m ech a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f su r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p e s o f paint re q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p rep a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by r e m o v in g old fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o ils , w hite lea d , and oth er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce pa in ter r e q u ir e s roun ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




2 8

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C ( M o t o r V e h i c l e s ) — C o n t in u e d

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A TO R (T oolroom )

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu de m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh op s.

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p es o f m ach in e t o o ls ,
such as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r su r fa c e g r in d e r s ; engine la th es; o r m illin g
m a ch in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g es, ji g s , fix tu r e s ,
o r d ie s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and p e r fo rm in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lica te d setups
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s t r u ­
m e n ts ; s e le ctin g fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n seq u en ce; and m aking
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts du rin g o p e r a tio n to a ch iev e re q u isite to le r a n c e s o r
d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ire d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need d r e s s in g , to
d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s (to o lr o o m )
in to o l and d ie job bin g shops a re ex clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n .

M AIN TE N AN C E P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , steam , g a s, o r oth er ty p es o f pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; L aying
out w ork and m e a su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m d raw in gs o r oth er
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gths with
c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e s; th readin g
pipe with s to ck s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a ch in e s; a s s e m b lin g pipe with c ou p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g ers;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe r e q u ir e d ; and m akin g standard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish ed p ip es
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e rs p r im a r ily
en gaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sanitation o r heating s y ste m s
are e x c lu d e d .
M A IN TE N AN C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g re a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u te s , d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) of an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW RIG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r heavy equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm ent when ch a n g es in the plant layout a re
r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and layin g out
w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s relatin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g ra v ity ; align in g and ba la n cin g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard t o o l s , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed; and in sta llin g
and m a in tain in g in g ood o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm ent such as d r iv e s
and sp eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AIN TE N A N C E TR A D E S H E LPE R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l du ties o f le s s e r sk ill, such as keepin g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e ,
and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by holdin g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn e y m a n .
The kind o f w ork
the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In som e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplyin g, liftin g , and holding m a te r ia ls and
t o o l s , and clea n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p erm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts of a tra d e that are a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .




T O O L AN D DIE M AK ER
C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g es, ji g s , fix tu re s
o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out w ork a c c o r d in g to
m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; using
a v a r ie ty o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s t r u ­
m e n ts ; u n derstan din g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
settin g up and op era tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls and re la te d equ ipm ent; m aking
n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s ,
and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts during fa b r ic a tio n as
w e ll as o f fin ish ed to o ls and d ie s to a ch ie v e r e q u ire d q u a litie s; w ork in g to
c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s
and a llo w a n ce s ; and s e le ctin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and die m a k e rs in
t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh ops a r e e x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p era tes and m a in tain s and 'm ay a ls o su p e r v is e the o p era tion o f
sta tio n a ry en gin es and equ ipm ent (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d with p o w e r , heat, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r a i r con d ition in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O peratin g and m ain taining equipm ent such as
steam e n g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to rs ', tu r b in e s, ven tilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ipm en t, steam b o ile r s and b o i le r - f e d w ater pum ps;
m aking equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a ch in e ry ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M ay a ls o su p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
Head o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than one e n g in eer
a re e x clu d e d .

B O ILE R TEN D E R
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d with h eat, p o w e r , o r steam .
F e e d s fu e ls to fir e by hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s, o r o il b u rn e r; and c h e c k s w a ter and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm ent.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TRU C K D R IV E R

W AREH O USEM AN— Continued

D riv e s a tru ck within a c ity o r in d u str ia l a rea to tr a n s p o rt m a te ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f e s ta b ­
lish m en ts such a s:
M anufacturing pla n ts, fre ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
sa le and re ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts, o r betw een r e t a i l
esta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses or p la ce s of b u sin e s s. M ay a ls o loa d or unload tru ck with
o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good
w o r k i n g ord er.
S a le s -r o u te and o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s are e x c lu d e d .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g
w ork (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le rk and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O rd e r F il le r ) , o r op era tin g p ow er tru ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e ra to r ).

O RD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed good s fr o m sto re d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c ific a tio n s on sa le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s .
M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d i­
catin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , re q u isitio n
a d d ition a l sto ck o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er
re la te d d u ties.

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s are c la s s ifie d by s iz e and
type o f equ ipm en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r -t r a ile r should be rated on the b a sis
o f t r a ile r c a p a city .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

light tru ck (under 1x ton s)
/a
m ed iu m tru ck (1 V2 to and in clu din g 4 ton s)
heavy tru ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)
heavy tru ck (oth er than t r a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)

SHIPPING PA C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p r o d u c ts fo r sh ipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la cin g them
in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent upon
the ty p e, s iz e , and n u m ber o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f co n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm ent.
W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s in
shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a te r ia l to p rev en t b r ea k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ­
ta in e r; and applying la b e ls o r e n terin g id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r.
P ack ers
who a lso m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a re ex clu d ed .

SHIPPING AND RE CEIV IN G C LE R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
fo r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w ork
in v o lv e s : A kn ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , ava ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n sp o rta tio n , and r a te s ; and p rep a rin g r e c o r d s o f the g ood s
sh ipp ed, m akin g up b ills o f ladin g, p ostin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
keeping a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the
m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V erify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e rs in v e rify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm ents against b ills o f ladin g,
in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r sh o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged
g o o d s; routing m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m a in ­
taining n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING LA B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
oth e r e sta b lis h m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
Loading and u nloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; u n pa ck in g, sh elv in g, o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n sp ortin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by han dtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on g sh ore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload sh ip s, a re e x c lu d e d .

w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

Shipping c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

W AREHOUSEMAN

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R

A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g du ties w hich re q u ire
an understan din g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's sto ra g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m ost
o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e ce iv in g
d o c u m e n ts, noting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v io u s d a m a g e s; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d sto ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , stack in g, o r p a lletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a rra n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n to ry o f s to re d m a te r ia ls ; exam in in g sto re d m a te r ia ls and
re p o rtin g d e t e r io r a tio n and d a m a g e; r e m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e and
p rep a rin g it fo r sh ipm en t.
M ay o p e ra te hand o r p ow er tru ck s in p e r fo rm in g
w a reh ou sin g du ties.




O p era tes a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o rt g ood s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u se ,
m a n u factu rin g plant, o r oth e r esta b lis h m e n t.

tr u ck ,

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than fo r k lift)

30

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

JAN ITO R,

G u a rd . P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m ain taining o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es
guards w ho a r e station ed at gate and ch e c k on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w orkin g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f •an o f f ic e , ap artm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
Sw eeping, m op pin g o r s cru b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ; rem ov in g c h ip s , tra s h ,
and oth e r r e fu s e ; du sting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu re s ; p olish in g m eta l
fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ;
and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W ork ers who s p e c ia liz e
in w in dow w ashin g are e x c lu d e d .

W atchm an . M akes rou n ds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r ty against fir e , th eft, and ille g a l en try.




p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o te c tin g

31

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

Available On Requesta v a ila b le

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g t h e S e r v i c e
a t n o c o s t f r o m a n y .o f t h e BLiS r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e b a c k c o v e r .

C on tra ct

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S t a n d is h , a n d T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A n n A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a —S .C .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u i ^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t a n d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B o is e C it y , Ida h o
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r l i n g t o n , V t .—N .Y .
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a —R a n t o u l, 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C h a r l o t t e —G a s t o n i a , N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n .—K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A l a .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , In d .
D e c a t u r , III.
D e s M o in e s , Io w a
D oth a n , A la .
D u lu th —S u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
E l P a s o , T e x ., an d A l a m o g o r d o - L a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E u g e n e —S p r i n g f i e l d , G r e g .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m it h , A r k . —O k l a .
F o r t W a y n e , Ind.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d .—C h a m b e r s b u r g , P a . —
M a r tin s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d s d e n an d A n n is t o n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a ll s , M o n t.
G uam , T e r r ito r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H u n t in g t o n —A s h l a n d , W . V a .—K y .—O h io
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L ared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w to n , O k la .
L i m a , O h io
L ittle R o c k ^ N o r th L ittle R o c k , A r k .

A ct

of

1965.

S u rvey

r e s u lts

are

p u b lis h e d

in

r e le a s e s

w h ic h ,

w h ile

s u p p lie s

la s t ,

are

be

L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , I n d .
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l .
L y n ch b u rg , V a.
M a co n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a n s f i e l d , O h io
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S t e . M a r i e , M i c h .
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —E d i n b u r g a n d B r o w n s v i l l e —
H a r l i n g e n —S an B e n i t o , T e x .
M e d f o r d —K l a m a t h F a l l s —G r a n t s P a s s , O r e g .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , a n d O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e a n d P e n s a c o l a , A l a . —F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N e w L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R . I .
N o r t h D a k o t a , S ta te o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d —S im i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r i e t t a , W . V a .—O h io
P e o r i a , I II .
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e l l o —I d a h o F a l l s , I d a h o
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e —M a s s .
P u e b lo ,

C o lo .

P u e r to R ic o
R en o, N ev.
R i c h l a n d —K e n n e w i c k —W a l la W a l la —
P e n d l e t o n , W a s h .—O r e g .
R i v e r s i d e —S a n B e r n a r d i n o —O n t a r i o , C a l i f .
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a l i n a s —S e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S a n d u s k y , O h io
S a n ta B a r b a r a —S a n ta M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
S avannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, La.
S io u x F a l l s , S . D a k .
S pok an e, W ash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T op ek a , K an s.
T u cs o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a ll e jo -F a i r fie ld r -N a p a , C a lif.
W a c o a n d K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , I o w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N .J .—M d .

A n an n u al r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1 8 9 1 , N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f th e B L S
o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




w ill

d r a ft e r s , and
r e g io n a l s a le s

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A directory of area wa ge studies including m o r e limited studies conducted at the request of the Em pl o y m e n t
Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m a y be purchased f r o m any of the B L S regional offices shown on the back cover.
Bulletin supplements m a y be
obtained without cost, wh er e indicated, f r o m B L S regional offices.
Ar ea

Bulletin n u m b e r
and price *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 0 , 4 5 c e n t s
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1_______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 3 , $ 1 . 2 0
A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 7 5 , 8 5 c e n t s
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 5 * __________________________________________ _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 5 , $ 1 . 0 0
A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------;------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 3 , 75 c e n t s
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________ ,________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 2 , $ 1 . 3 0
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 6 , 6 5 c e n t s
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . —P a . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 0 , 6 5 c e n t s
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 _____ ______________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 1________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 8 , $ 1 . 5 0
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________ ___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 9 , 95 c e n t s
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 7 , 85 c e n t s
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 3 , 85 c e n t s
C i n c i n n a t i , O h io —K y .—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 _____________ ___________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________ ______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 4 , $ 1 . 3 0
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ____ ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 8 , 95 c e n t s
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 7 , 65 c e n t s
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 9 , $ 1 . 5 0
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 7 3 , 4 5 c e n t s
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 4 7 , 6 5 c e n t s
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 -------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 2 , 75 c e n t s
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________ _________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 2 , 85 c e n t s
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 6 , 80 c e n t s
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 1_______________ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 1 , $ 1 . 2 0
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 7 , $ 1 . 1 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 4 , 80 c e n t s
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m - H i g h P o i n t , N . C . , A u g . 197 5 ------------------- ----------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 4 9 , 65 c e n t s
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 2 , 65 c e n t s
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________ ______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 2 8 , 80 c e n t s
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 197 5 __________________________ ___________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 6 , 9 5 c e n t s
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 197 5 _______________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 ----------------------------------------- —________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 1 , 4 5 c e n t s
K a n s a s C it y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t. 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 5 , 80 c e n t s
L e x i n g t o n —F a y e t t e , K y . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 4 , 7 5 c e n t s
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 6 , $ 1 . 1 5
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 9 , 4 5 c e n t s
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 - 5 4 , 6 5 c e n t s
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 - 8 5 , 4 5 c e n t s
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 To be surveyed.




Area

Bulletin n u m b e r
and price *

Miami, Fla., Oct. 1975__________________________________________________________ 1850-76, 95 cents
Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 197 5 1___________ ________________________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn.— Wis., Jan. 1975 1 ___________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
Nassau— Suffolk, N.Y., June 1975 1________________________________________________ 1850-39, $1.00
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1975 1________________________________________________________ 1850-18, $1.00
N e w Orleans, La., Jan. 1976_____________________ ______________________________ 1900-2, 75 cents
N e w York, N.Y.-N.J., M a y 1975 1 _____________ __________________________________ 1850-45, $1.10
Norfolk— Virginia Beach— Portsmouth, Va.— N.C., M a y 1975 _______________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
Norfolk— Virginia Beach— Portsmouth and Newport N e w s —
Hampton, Va.— N.C., M a y 1975 _________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1975 ______________________________________________ 1850-52, 65 cents
O k la ho ma City, O k la., Aug. 1975________________________________________________ 1850-51, 65 cents
O m ah a, Nebr.— Iowa, Oct. 1975__________________________________________________ 1850-56, $ 1.10Pater son— Clifton— Passaic, N.J., June 197 5 1__________________________ __________ 1850-38, 80 cents
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., Nov. 1975 _______________________________________________ 1850-65, 85 cents
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19761_____________________________________________________ 1900-1, $1.15
Portland, Maine, Nov. 197 5______________________________________________________ 1850-72, 45 cents
Portland, Oreg.— Wash., M a y 1975 _______________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1 97 5 1 _________________________________________________ 1850-70, 65 cents
Poughkeepsie— Kingstorv-Newburgh, N.Y., June 1 975 1 ____________________________ 1850-68, 75 cents
Providence— W a rw ic k— Pawtucket, R.I.,— M a s s . , June 1975 _______________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
Raleigh-Durham, N. C., Feb. 197 5 _______________________________________________Suppl.
Free
Richmond, Va., June 1975_______________________________________________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
St. Louis, Mo.— 111., Mar. 197 5 __________________________________________________ Suppl.
Free
Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1975_______________________________________________ ___ 1850-87, 45 cents
Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1975_______________________________________________________ 1850- 71, 3 5 cents
Salt Lake City— Ogden, Utah, Nov. 19751 __________________________________ ______ 1850-74, 75 cents
San Antonio, Tex., M a y 1975 ____________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 197 5_____________________________________________________ 1850-77, 45 cents
San Francisco— Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1975 1______________________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Seattle— Everett, Wash., Jan. 1975 _______________________________________________Suppl.
Free
Free
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 197 5 ______ ______________________________________________ Suppl.
Stamford, Conn. 1 2 _________________________________________ • _________ ______ ___
_
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1975_______________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
Toledo, Ohio— Mich., M a y 1975 1 _________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1975 1 ______________________________________________________ 1850-60, $1.20
Utica^Rome, N.Y., July 1975 1 __________________________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
Washington, D. C.— Md.— Va., Maj;. 1975 1___________________________ ____ _________ 1850-31. $1.00
Westchester County, N. Y., M a y 1975 1___________________________________________ 1850-53, 80 cents
Free
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1975___________________________________________________ ___ Suppl.
Worcester, Mass., M a y 1975
__________________________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
York, Pa., Feb. 1975 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region II
Region I
Suite 3400
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
1515 Broadway
Boston, Mass. 02203
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
C oneecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
Region VI
Regions IX and X
Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
450 Golden Gate Ave.
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Box 36017
Chicago, III. 60604
555 Griffin Square Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Kansas City. Mo. 64106
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code ■
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Illin o is
X
Indiana
VII
V III
IX
Arkansas
Alaska
Arizona
Michigan
Iowa
Colorado
Louisiana
Montana
Idaho
C alifornia
Minnesota
Kansas
New Mexico
Oregon
Hawaii
Missouri
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Washington
Nevada
Nebraska
South Dakota
W isconsin
Texas
Utah
Wyoming