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AREA WAGE SURVEY
M u s k e g o n —M u skeg o n H eig h ts, M ic h ig a n ,
M e tr o p o lita n A re a , Ju ne 1973
B u l l e t i n 177 5 9 1




U S D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
— . B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s




P re fac e
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s of a J u n e 1973 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s in the M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h i g a n , S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
M
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( M u s k e g o n C oun ty).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t of the B u r e a u
of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e a w age su rv e y p r o g r a m .
Th e p r o g r a m i s d e s i g n e d
to y i e l d d a t a f o r i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , a s w e l l a s n a t i o n a l a n d r e g i o n a l
e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in the U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g
A l a s k a a n d H a w a i i, ( a s d e f in e d b y the U. S. O f f i c e of M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t
t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d to
d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l a n d m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h
th e a n a l y s i s o f (1) th e l e v e l an d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , an d (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n c lu d i n g w a g e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , a n d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t
l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s
on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l l y . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in t h e p a s t , i s n o w o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a fte r a ll in dividual a r e a w age s u r v e y s have been c o m p le te d ,
two s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The f ir s t b rin g s togeth er data for each
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d . T h e s e c o n d s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s n a t i o n a l an d
r e g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in dividu al m e tr o p o lit a n a r e a d ata.
T h e M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d by t h e B u r e a u ' s
M
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , I I I ., u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of L o i s L . O r r ,
A s s is ta n t R egion al D ire cto r fo r O p eratio n s.
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d not h a v e b e e n
a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith out the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e an d s a l a r y
d a t a p r o v i d e d th e b a s i s f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
The
B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B ulletin 1775-91
Septem ber 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Michigan, Metropolitan Area, June 1973*
3
2
1
CO N TEN TS
Page

2 In trodu ctio n
5 W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s

T ab les:
4

6
7
8
9
10
11

12

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d
In d e x e s of e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s

A. O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k ly e a r n i n g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k ly e a r n i n g s
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s: A v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n in g s , by s e x
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a r n in g s

14 A p p e n d i x .

O ccu p atio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




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Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 96 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s con d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a l l y . 1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y t h i r d
year.
In e a c h o f th e i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n in g s i s c o lle c te d b y m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r t y p e s u r v e y .

(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e
l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n
i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a . E a r n i n g s
d a t a not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a , w h e r e sh o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c lu d e d
in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not
av ailab le.

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ie s are go vern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
cluded. W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r office c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a l f h o u r) 'for w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
plin g p r o c e d u r e s in volve d e ta ile d s t r a t if ic a t io n of a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s
w it h in th e s c o p e o f a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y an d n u m b e r
of e m p lo y e e s. F r o m this s tr a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e of
s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d . W hen d a t a
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to i t s p r o b a ­
b ilit y of s e le c t io n , so that u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g i v e n a
w e i g h t of f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r t h a t i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g un it.

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g an d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s an d e m p l o y ­
m ent p atte rn s.
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s em ploy ed by
h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h ig h -w ag e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , sh o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the
groups.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are A ustin, T e x .; Bingham ton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham , N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West P alm Beach, F l a .; H untsville, A l a .; Lexington, K y . ; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; R ochester, N .Y . (o ffice occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and U tica—R om e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas at the request
of the Em ploym ent Standards A dm inistration of the U .S . D epartm ent of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s . In­
d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , and
t h u s c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s ir,
in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t s .

O c cu p atio n s and E a r n in g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
t i o n s s h o u l d not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e
o n ly the r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u t i e s w it h in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
ally su rv ey e d . B e c a u s e o c cu p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e sta b lish m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b ulletin .
In form ation fo r th e se ta b u la tio n s, c o lle c te d e v e ry 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t , i s now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on
m in im u m en tran ce s a l a r i e s fo r in e x p e rie n ced w om en o fficew o rk er s ;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w o rk w e e k ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
an d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h ts , M ic h .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 J u n e 1 9 7 3
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u str y d iv isio n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ............... ... . ,

.................

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

.

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ....
_
. . .. _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ___
.... _ .......
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6
R e ta il tra d e b
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _____
S e r v ic e s 6 7 _

86

55

2 5 , 175

100

21,211

50

44
42

28
27

1 9 ,5 7 8
5 ,5 9 7

78
22

1 6 ,9 0 7
4 , 304

50
50
50
50
50

9
7
19
4
3

9
4
8
3
3

2 , 020
493
2 ,3 6 7
5 65
152

8
2
9
2
1

2,020
358
1 ,3 6 7
407
152

1 T h e M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t th r o u g h
M
N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 , c o n s i s t s o f M u s k e g o n C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s
o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e
u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n im u m li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s - a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m i n im u m li m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ” in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f
d a ta fo r
t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to
m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g
A l m o s t f o u r - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e M u s k e g o n —
M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s . T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e
m a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s an d s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 39
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______ 30
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s __________ 7
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u fa c tu rin g
i n d u s t r i e s ______________________ 5
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ______ 5

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
I r o n a n d s t e e l f o u n d r i e s __________ 28
M is c e lla n e o u s m a c h in e r y ,
e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l . . _______________14
E n g in e s a n d t u r b i n e s ______________11
C o n s t r u c t io n a n d r e l a t e d
m a c h i n e r y _______________________ 6
O f f ic e f u r n i t u r e ___________________ 5
P a p e r m i l l s , e x c e p t b u ild in g
T o y s a n d s p o r t i n g g o o d s ________

5

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e w ee k ly s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , a n d in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv en t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
i n d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b etw een the in d ic a te d d a te s . A nnual r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e re
sh o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n th e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s .
Th ese com pu­
t a t i o n s a r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n s t a n t
r a t e b e t w e e n s u r v e y s . . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e a r e a .

T h e in d ex i s a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a giv e n t im e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in t h e b a s e y e a r .
The b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d th e v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t . T h e i n d e x i s c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i ­
p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (t he p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p l u s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d th e n c o n ­
t in u in g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , t h e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
ex c lu siv e of e arn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n tw o rk e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f t h e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.

M ethod of C om p uting
E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p i s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
O ffice cle ric a l (m en and
women):
Bookkeeping-m achine
operators, class B
C lerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
M essengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and
w om en)— Continued
S ecretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s of D ata
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s of ch a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of ch an ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in t h e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in
th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e t h a t e v e n
th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u s e lo w e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts en tered
th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y h a v e
re m a in e d re la tiv e ly constant, yet a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a m a y have r ise n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

S k illed m ain ten ance (m en):
Carpenters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (autom otive)
Painters
P ipefitters
T ool and die m akers
U nskilled p lan t (m en):
Jan itors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m a teria l handling

NOTE: C om ptom eter operators, used in the com putation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s in
av erag e pay for straig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in the s c o p e of the s u r v e y .

Th e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d t h e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l O c c u p a t i o n s
in the g r o u p a r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g t h e a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r a n d d i v i d i n g t h e r e m a i n d e r b y th e a g g r e ­
g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s th e p e r c e n t
of change.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h ts , M ic h .,

J u n e 1 9 7 2 a n d J u n e 1 9 7 3 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s t r ie s
W eekly e a r n in g s
P e r io d

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m en and
women)

In d u str ia l
nur s e s
(m en and
w om en)

M an u fa ctu rin g

H o u rly e a r n in g s
S k ille d
m a in ten a n c e
tra d e s
(m en)

U n sk ille d
p lan tw ork ers
(m en)

W eekly e a r n in g s
O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m en and
wom en)

H o u rly e a r n in g s
S k ille d
m a in ten a n c e
tra d e s
(m en)

U n sk ille d
p lan tw ork ers
(m en)

In d ex es (M ay 1967 = 100)
136.4
141.3

(*)
(l )

139.3
145.6

131.7
143.2

136.2
141.0

(*)
(*)

138.2
144.7

135.0
147.2

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
3.9
4.3
3.0
3.3
2.1
3.1
4.1
5.1
8.7

1 D a ta do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

2.7
3.4
2.6
2.3
2.1
2.7
4 .6
8.3
6.1

2.7
4 .2
3.9
.8
3.1
3.2
5.4
5.8
7.7

4 .4
4.1
3.1
3.6
1.7
1.8
3.4
4 .6
9 .5

1.8
4 .0
3.3
1.1
1.6
2.6
13.3
11.3
5.7

2.7
3 .4
2.6
1.9
2 .0
2.9
4 .6
8.3
6.3

2.1
4 .6
4.3
.5
3.3
3.7
4 .2
6.6
8.2

6.6
6.1

11.5
10.6

7.3
6.7

4 .4
4.1

5.9
5.4

11.5
10.6

7.0
6 .4

4.9
4 .5

7.8
3.9
3.6

M ay 1969 to Ju n e 1970;

1.8
4 .0
3.3
i.i
1.6
2.6
13.3
11.3
5.7

5.5
(»)

4 .8
7.8
4 .5

4 .7
5.7
8.7

7.6
4.3
3.5

5.5
(*)
(* )

4 .5
7 .4
4 .7

4 .0
7.3
9 .0




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p s , a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h ts ,
M ic h ., J u n e 1 9 7 2 to J u n e 1 9 7 3
A ll
in d u s trie s

O c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p

5.1

(M
U n s k i ll e d p l a n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) __

1

—

_ —

_____

5.1
6 .8

M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g

5.3
(>)
4 .9
6 .7

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

NOTE:
T a b l e 3 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d to e x c lu d e t h e e f f e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e n ew m e th o d
f o r c o m p u tin g w a g e t r e n d s i s b a s e d o n c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
r e p o r t i n g t h e in d e x j o b s in b o th t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ,
h o ld in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e j o b s c o n s ta n t .
T h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s a r e n o t lin k e d to t h e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s b e c a u s e t h e n e w w a g e
t r e n d s m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s t h e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s .
O t h e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s w h ic h
d i f f e r f r o m t h e c u r r e n t o n e s i n c l u d e ( l ) e a r n i n g s d a ta o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s a r e c o n v e r t e d to a n h o u r l y b a s i s , a n d (2) t r e n d e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r n o n ­
m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
(In M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n ^ e i g h t s , d a t a f o r n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g
M
e s ta b l is h m e n t s do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a . )
F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e n e w m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
i n d e x e s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 ,
pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
'
'

8

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
(A v e ra g e s tr a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s by i n d u s tr y d iv is io n , M u sk eg o n r-M u sk eg o n H e ig h ts , M ic h ., Ju n e 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - ti m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d ivis io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

t

A v eraw ee k ly
(standard)

$

M e d ian ^

M iddle ran g e d

AN D

WOMEN

$

*

$

$
1 6 2 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0

9 8 .5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

37
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

64
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

64
42
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40*0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0

23

4 0 .0

1 7 1 .0 0

CLERKS,

77
42
35
17

4
4
4
4

.0
.0
.0
.0

1 1 8 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S — -----------------------------------C L E R K S , O R D E R ---------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

22
20

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

CLASS

B -----------------------

0
0
0
0

9 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

*

i

t

*

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

190

200

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

6

3
3

7
7

10
9

8
7

9
7

21
21

“

1

“

“

i

1

2

-

14
3
11

10
10

1

•

”

6
6

1

4

-

-

2
2
2

1
“

-

1
-

1
1

-

“

“

-

1
1

2
2

4
4

3
3

3
3

_

i

-

"
-

-

-

“

“

-

3

“

-

3

-

_

-

3

-

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

“

*

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

-

-

1

“

*

“

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

-

4
4

3
-

3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0

9 7 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

AND

4

"

18

3
-

-

-

13
5
8

3
3
-

3
2

5

3
2

2
-

7
4

4

9

4

1
1

2

“

4
1
3
1

“

3
3

“

4
5
4

i i
7
4
4

-

-

-

-

1

i
i

l
1

-

-

-

“

•

“

6
5
1

“

1
1
1
1

1

“

4
4

*

“

1

-

2
2

1
1

6
6

2
2

3
3

3
2

4
4

5
4

-

~

3
3

3

*

“

*

5
4

2
2

3
3

9
6

3
1

5
5

6
5

4
4

9
9

5
4

i
i

i
i

1
1

9
9

6
4
2

4

8
4
4

17
15
2

6
5
1

6
5
1

5

i

-

_

-

i

-

i
-

-

1
4

2
2

-

1

-

i

“

”

“

-

-

4

-

*

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

1

4

i

1

5

2

1

-

-

2

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

6
5
1

12
9
3

1

9
5
4

19
18
1

23
17
6

22
15
7

26
21
5

11
7
4

6

-

5
4
1

15
15

“

2
1
1

7
6

-

5
4
1

1

-

1
1

2
l
1

i

-

-

2

2

-

4

4

i

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

-

-

9

9
7

4
4

4
3

2
1

_

“

5
3

-

”

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1

-

4

18

“

6
3

3
1

-

*

2
1

-

----------------------------------------

17

4 0 .0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

63
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 8 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ---------------- -------- -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

54
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

76
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

54
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G -- ---------------------------------------------------------

39
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

1 4 9 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

38
27

A

”

“

3

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------- ---------------------------

*

-

*

1
1

_

_

-

-

”

“

*

-

“

-

-

“

*

“

-

“

10
5

-

1

-

_

-

“

10
2

-

4
4

-

5

9
8

9

“

3
3

7

7
4

4
4

4
4

6
6

5
5

3
3

10
10

8
8

5
5

2
1

4
1

7
5

7
7

5
3

3
1

12
5

5
5

2
1

1

-

8
8

3
3

2
2

9

5
1

1

6
4

5

”

6
6

6

5

5

2
2

4
4

1
1

1
1

4
4

3
3

-

2
2

1

3
1

9
5

.

2

1

6

2

“

2

1
1

4

3
3

“

2

“

2
1

4
3

*

“
-

*
-

-

-

13

3
3

-

-

-

“

"

*

-

-

-

-

”

-

”

“

1
1

-

5
-

"

-

-

“

-

“

'

OPERATORS,
1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

-

-

4

-

4

-

6

1

-

-

-

1

i

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

57
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

_

_

1

5

.

4

”

*

“

*

6
6

6
6

8
7

3
3.

7
7

3
3

3
3

-

“

2
2

-

1
1

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------- ------------------------------------- ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ------------------------------------------------

83
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

12
8

8
8

7
6

11
11

7
7

5
5

6
6

4
4

5
4

4
4

-

1
1

8

-

-

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A
M A N UF ACTUR IN G

See fo o tn o te s at e n d of t a b l e s .




o

17

*
O

TR A N S C R IB IN G -H A C H IN E

$

110

"

172
132
40

BOYS

CLASS

$

t

105

3
2
1

G IR L S I-

S E C R E TA R IE S ,

$

100

-

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

(O F F IC E

$

95

$
$
1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0

99
76

M ESSENGERS

t

$

90

CO M B IN ED 1

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------A C C O U N TIN G ,

t

S

85

and
under

S
80

85
MEN

»

5

80
M e an 1

$

-

5
3

8
8

-

_

-

-

-

-

“
-

“

-

-

9
T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t - ti m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M u sk eg o n — u sk eg o n H e ig h ts , M ic h ., Ju n e 1973)
M
W eekly earnings 1
(sta n dard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m b er
of

(standard)

N u m b e r of w o rk e rs
*

A v erag e
w ee k ly

U nder
M e an ^

M e d ian £

M iddle ran g e d

$

5
105

110

AND

WOMEN

$
1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

$
$
U 7 .5 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0

2 3 5 .0 0
2 3 4 .0 0

1 9 7 .5 0 -2 6 0 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0 -2 4 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

199=00
2 0 2 .5 0

1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 0 .5 0 -2 1 4 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0 -2 1 7 .5 0

74
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

47
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

2
2

21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0

COM PUTER PROGRAM ERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

19
IB

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -------------------- ------------- --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

20
17

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
M AN UFACTUR IN G

B -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
M AN UFACTURIN G

C ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

fo otn ote s

at

$

t

re ce ivin g

$

s

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

1
*
2 90

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

30 0

*

4

1
1

5
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

“

8
8

1
1

3
3

2
2

2

4
4

1
1

1

2

-

2

i
1

3
1

2
2

3
3

5
4

1

3
3

i
i

1
1

_

_

1

7
7

7
7

9
9

6
6

*

*

(

$

s

130

*

*

%

120

2
2

no

S

S

$

120

C O M BINED

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------- *---------

See

5

and
under

105

MEN

s

end




o f ta b les ,

25

4

i

“

-

-

_

-

_

-

“

“
5
5

3
3

11
11

9
9

10
10

8
8

1
1

6
5

7
4

1

9
7

14
4

1
1

2
2

__

2

“

1

_

1
_

3
3

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

“

-

-

10

Table A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average w eekly earnings, by sex
(A ve ra g e

s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ho urs

and e a rn ing s

of w o r k e r s

in s e le c te d oc cu p a tio ns b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,

M uskegon— M uskegon H e ights,

oc cu p a tio n,

O F F IC E

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O C CU P ATIO N S

-

of
w orkers

June

1973)

A v erag e

N um ber

N um ber

Sex,

M ic h .,

A verage

A verage

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s1
(sta n d a rd )

Sex,

o c cu p a tio n,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O F F IC E O C C U P A TIO N S
WOM EN — C O N T I N U E D

HEN

$

of
w orkers

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e arn in g s *
(sta n d a rd )

Sex,

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and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of

W ee k ly

w orkers

(sta n d ard )

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(standard).

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it r a n s c r ib in g

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o p e r a t o r s

,

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M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------~

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11

T a b le A -4 .
(A v e ra g e

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of w o r k e r s in

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

selected o ccupatio ns b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,

M uskegon— M uskeg on H eights,

H ourly e a rn in g s3

Sex,

occup a tio n,

and in d u s try d ivis io n

N u m b er
of
w orkers

M ic h .,

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s

June

1973)

re ce ivin g

stra ig h t-tim e

$

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h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

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12

T a b le A -5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s
(A ve ra g e

s tra ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn ing s

of w o r k e r s

in s e le c te d oc c u p a tio n s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,

M uskeg on— M uskeg on H eights,

H ourly e arnings^

M ic h .,

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s

June

1973)

re ce ivin g

s tra ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn ing s
(

of—

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J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------- *
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------------------

235
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P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

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T R U C K D R IV E R S , M EDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
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T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------

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13

Footnotes 1

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e ek ly h o u rs.
2 The m e a n i s co m p u ted fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and divid in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
The m ed ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o sitio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the r a te shown, T h e m i d d l e
ra n g e i s d e fin ed b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o re than the h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ift s .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g i n to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h i s e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n te n t , t h e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e n u s e in
i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly i n g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f ie l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n tin u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i ll s , a n d in v o ic e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r th a n an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i ll in g m a c h i n e ( c o m b i n a t i o n ty p in g
a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p i n g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l ly i n v o lv e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e ­
d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h - m a y o r
m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d
b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f t h e b i l l b e in g
p r e p a r e d a n d i s o f te n d o n e o n a f a n f o ld m a c h i n e .
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w ith o u t
a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ­
t i o n . G e n e r a l l y in v o lv e s t h e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s
a n d u s u a lly p r in t s a u to m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f ro m u n ifo r m a n d s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s a n d c r e d i t s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d
of b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s ti n g t o r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g b an k a c c o u n ts ; v e rif y in g th e i n te r n a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , a n d m a th e m a tic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n in g
a n d v e rif y in g fo r c le r ic a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s of r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e tc .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s ti n g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l v o u c h e rs .
M ay w o rk
in e ith e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s a n d o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s a n d p r o c e d u r e s
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o t h e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , t h e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith t h e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e a s s i g n e d w o r k , b u t i s n o t r e q u i r e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f t h e f o r m a l
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .




NOTE:

P o s itio n s a r e

c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o llo w in g d e f i n i t i o n s .

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e rie n c e a n d ju d g m e n t, fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a l ly p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e a c c o u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c tin g am o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie ty of
p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s an d c la s s if i c a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s is te d by one o r m o re
c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o llo w in g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s ti n g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n of ite m s an d lo c a tio n s of p o s tin g s a r e
c le a r ly in d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d an d r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s i n g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l i n a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m . M ay p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n f i l e s . P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n th e
b a s i s o f t h e f o llo w in g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s a n d i n d e x e s f il e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta i n in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
w ith t h e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , a n d f ile s
in g s o r p a r t l y c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d ,
w a rd s m a te ria l. M ay p e rfo rm re la te d

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g ., a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f il l o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M ay p e r f o r m s im p le c le r ic a l an d m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u t i e s in v o lv e a n y c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g u r i c t s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g t h e i t e m s t o m a k e u p t h e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t i e s of i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK , PA YRO LL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s t h e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n t h e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s i n v o lv e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s ti n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c ti o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

T he B u r e a u h a s d is c o n tin u e d c o lle c tin g d a ta fo r c o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s .

14

u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l by s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

15
KEYPU NCH O PERA TO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

O p e r a te s a k ey p u n c h
ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .

P o s itio n s a r e

m a c h in e

to r e c o r d

o r v e rify

a lp h a b e tic

a n d /o r n u m e ric

d a ta on

c l a s s i f i e d i n to l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o llo w in g d e f i n i t i o n s .

C l a s s A . W o rk r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t i n s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d a n d i n s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e ty o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts . O n o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e
key p u n ch w o rk .
M ay t r a i n in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a to r s .

N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i ti o n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s n o t
i n a ll c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h .p o s i ti o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y o n i n d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c ti o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g t h e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C l a s s B . W o rk i s r o u t i n e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e
l i t t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a r i s in g f ro m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i c f e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f fic e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w t h e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

M E S S E N G E R ( O f fic e B o y o r G i r l)

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s t h a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .

SEC RETA RY
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e i n d i v i d u a l . M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h i g h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n t ly r e ­
c e iv i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g :

a.
R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m i n g
i n q u i r e s , a n d r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
m a in ta in s ,

a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's

m a il,

an sw ers

b.

E s ta b lish e s ,

c.

ro u tin e

of a m a jo r

B

1. S e c r e t a r y to t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in
a l l , f e w e r t h a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r t h a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3 . S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w t h e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e r w i d e f u n c t i o n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g ,, m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g ., a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d o f a n i n d iv i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c , ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a l e n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5 . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g ., a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f te n in v o lv i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M a in t a in s t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ;

f ile s ;
C la ss

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fro m

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ;
f.

P e rfo rm s

by

o th e r s f o r th e

C

1. S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a l e n t
to o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i ti o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
u n i t n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v id e d in to o r g a n i z a ­
t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l
i n c l u d e s a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d o f a n i n d iv i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a l e n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , i n a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

s te n o g r a p h i c a n d t y p in g w o r k .

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d d i f f ic u l ty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu sio n s
N ot a ll p o s itio n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o ll o w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to t h e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n i t ( e . g ., f e w e r t h a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; m*
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s ta n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r t h a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOG RA PHER

a.

P o s itio n s

w h ic h

do

not m ee t

th e

" p e rs o n a l"

s e c r e ta r y

b.

concept

d e s c rib e d

above;

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d i n s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u t i e s ;

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g a s o ffic e a s s i s ta n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e ria l p e rs o n s ;
d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e r o u t i n e o r
s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e t h a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e d e f i n i ti o n ;

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , a n d to t r a n s c r i b e t h e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h i c p o o l. M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e
f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( if p r i m a r y d u ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a to r , G e n e r a l) .
N O T E : T h i s jo b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m t h a t o f a s e c r e t a r y i n t h a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y
w o r k s i n a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e a n d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d i n t h e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e f i n i ti o n .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e ra l

e . A s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h ­
n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f
s e c r e ta r ia l w o rk .




D i c t a t i o n i n v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a ti v e ly r o u tin e c le r ic a l t a s k s .

16
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

S te n o g ra p h e r, S e n io r

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o llo w in g d e f i n i t i o n s .

D i c ta t io n i n v o lv e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s i n l e g a l b r i e f s
o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h .
M ay a ls o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y t h a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y t h e f o llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s
an d o ffic e p r o c e d u r e : a n d of th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h i s k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a i n t a i n i n g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f ro m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c tio n s ; r e a d in g an d
r o u ti n g in c o m i n g m a i l ; a n d a n s w e r i n g r o u t i n e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d li n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u ll t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it i o n to
d o in g r o u t i n e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u ll" te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w h en th e e s ta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le fo r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d li n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M ay p e r f o r m lim ite d te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L im ite d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if th e fu n c tio n s of th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a to r .)
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o n o t i n c l u d e s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in t e l e p h o n e c o m p a n i e s w h o
a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a rd , a c ts a s r e c e p tio n is t an d m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c le r ic a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r 's t i m e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a te s one o r a v a r ie ty of m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e ta b u la to r , c a lc u la to r , c o lla to r , i n te r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p r o d u c in g p u n c h , e tc . E x c lu d e d f ro m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t.

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s in c l u d i n g d e v is i n g
d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d ' c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o f te n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e an d s e q u e n c in g of o p e ra tio n s , an d th e u s e o f a v a r ie ty of m a ­
c h in e s .
I s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s i n w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d i n t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s i n w h ic h w i r in g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d to
s e le c tio n and i n s e r tio n of p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s a n d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p l e t e b u t r o u t i n e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f l a r g e r an d m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it i o n to t h e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a i n
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c if ic in s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g
m a c h in e s su c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o lla to r , e tc . A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n i t, f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d do s o m e f il in g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o lv i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d i c t a t i o n
i n s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s of v a rio u s m
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c l u d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l ic a ti n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s ,

a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
o r s o rtin g a n d d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h e n
i t in v o lv e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p l a n n i n g l a y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a la n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; o r s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

CO M PUTER OPERA TOR
M o n it o r s a n d o p e r a t e s t h e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d i n g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk i n c l u d e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s ( ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t i n to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t i n c o r r e c t i n g
p ro g ra m .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a to r s a r e

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s ;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d
a n d i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n tim e ;
t h e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o t h a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f te n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f t h e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e . M a y
g iv e d i r e c t i o n a n d g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , ty p ic a lly ru n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s is ; t h e r e i s l it t l e o r no te s t in g




o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c ti o n . T h i s u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tl y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f ic u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C la s s C .
W o rk s o n r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f t h e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o lv e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a to r o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o lv e t h e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s t h e p r e c i s e i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d i n to t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u l a t i o n

17
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

o f d a t a to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p li e s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ich d a t a w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c tio n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , an d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c ie n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n ic d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if i c
a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g ra m e rs a re c la s sifie d

a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o n c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p e te n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ich id e n tify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to be
a c c o m p l is h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v in g r o u t in e ;
p l a n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c ie n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u te r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .
A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m in g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fro m n u m e ro u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts.
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
su c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b li s h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a t a w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la tio n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e le m e n t s
to fo r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .
C l a s s B .~ W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by r e f in i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r
d e le t io n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W hile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s so th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d by u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a ll y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d ir e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r - ,
fo r m in g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , an d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ir e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la ss C.
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n in g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o rk i s r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n ic
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A n a l y z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f ie s c o n d itio n s an d c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r an d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t io n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m in g ( t y p ic a ll y t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o rk an d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s an d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n ew an d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s no t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n
o f o th e r e l e c t r o n ic d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f ie d

a s f o llo w s :

C la ss A.
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s a n in t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ich




e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t ic a ll y p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h the fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it i a t e d b y th e c o m p u te r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s an d a d v i s e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a ­
t io n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s , i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
as sist.

d ir e c t i o n

to lo w e r

le v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s who a r e a s s i g n e d to

C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , an d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s an d th e o u tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b an k ,
m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b li s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s an d a d v i s e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l ic a t io n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t i o n an d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W ork i s r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to in s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o ut a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p an d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l * r e q u ir e d fo r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d by th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e an d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y i n ­
v o lv e s u c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , an d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s in it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - TR A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s no t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s by p e r f o r m i n g one o r m o r e
o f th e fo llo w in g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d ify in g , i n s t a l l i n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a t io n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f th e fo llo w in g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t i n g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , tu n in g , an d a lin in g .
W ork i s n o n r e p e titiv e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e th e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a in in g to th e u s e o f g e n e r a l an d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n ic t e s t e q u ip m e n t; t r o u b le a n a l y s i s ; an d
th e o p e r a t io n , r e la t i o n s h i p , a n d a lin e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , an d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie ty o f com p on en t p a r t s .

18
E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L ( R e g is t e r e d )

E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
G r o u n d , v e h i c le , o r a i r b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a t io n a i d s ;
a ir b o r n e o r gro u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io an d te le v isio n tr a n s m ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r i a l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t in g a n d c o n t r o l li n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

(E x c lu d e p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f ic e m a c h in e s , r a d i o a n d t e le v is i o n
re c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u i ld ­
in g w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o rk f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r it te n
in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t , In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r i n g an d t e s t i n g
in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s an d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g . W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; an d
ch eck s w a te r and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n fin e d
to su p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s , a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a l s o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O LR O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a tio n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n
t o a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g an d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­
m o b il e r e p a i r s h o p s .
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , an d d i s m a n t l e s a n d . i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g an d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d ^ m ain tain in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s
th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d fo r d if f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il

19
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; an d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b ru sh .. M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e
m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls
in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d i n s t a l lin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g
an d e x p e r ie n c e .

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : L a y in g o u t o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to lo c a t e
p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in ­
is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a t i o n
o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a il

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o rk .
W ork i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o rk f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
st a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l

a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GU A R D AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c lu d e s g a te m e n who a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e a n d c h e c k
on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , an d r a t e s ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g
a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s ; V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s
a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
re c o r d s and f ile s .

C l e a n s an d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o l is h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
f o ll o w s :

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
T R U C K E R . PO W ER
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r
o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s
th e p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e
a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l in e - o r e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t .
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )

a s f o ll o w s :

A v a ila b le O n

R e q u e s t ------

Th e follo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
w ill b e a v a i l a b l e a t no c o s t while s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the b a c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o — a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
L
A laska
A lbany, Ga.
A m arillo, Tex.
A t la n t ic C ity , N . J .
A u g u s t a , G a ,— C.
S,
B a k e r s fie ld , Calif.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t, an d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , an d S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Iowa
C h a m p a i g n — r b a n a , 111.
U
C h arleston , S.C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo.
C olum bia, S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a —A l a .
Corpus C h risti, Tex.
C r a n e , Ind.
D othan, A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M i n n —W is.
S
El P aso, Tex.
Eugene— p rin gfield , O reg.
S
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D a k —Minn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N. C.
Fitch burg— e o m in st e r , M a s s .
L
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— a . —W. V a .
H
P
F r e s n o , C alif.
G r a n d F o r k s , N. D ak.
G rand Island— a s t i n g s , N ebr.
H
G r e e n b o r o — inston S a l e m — igh P o in t , N .C .
W
H
H a rrisb u rg, Pa.
K n o x v i l l e , T en n .

C o p i e s of pu b lic r e l e a s e s a r e or

L ared o , Tex.
L a s V e g a s , Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d —V a.
M a c o n , Ga.
M arq u e tte, E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste.
M a r i e , M ic h .
M elbourne— itu sv ille — o c o a , F l a .
T
C
( B r e v a r d Co.)
M erid ian , M i s s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m ou th , O c e a n , an d S o m e r s e t
C o s., N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , an d P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M ontgom ery, A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n .
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
N o r w ic h — roton — ew L o n d o n , Conn.
G
N
O gden , Utah
O rlan do, F la .
O x n a rd — i m i V a l l e y — e n t u r a , C a l i f .
S
V
P a n a m a C ity , F l a .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H —M a i n e — a s s .
M
P u e b l o , C olo.
R e n o , N e v.
S a c ra m e n to , C alif.
Santa B a r b a r a — anta M a r ia — o m p o c , Calif.
S
L
S h erm an — en ison , T e x .
D
Sh reveport, L a.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h ic o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s . —
C
H
Conn.
Topeka, K ans.
Tucson, A riz.
V allejo— a ir f ie ld — a p a , C alif.
F
N
W ilm in gto n , D e l . — .J ^ - M d .
N
Yum a, A riz.

R e p o r t s f o r the f o llo w in g s u r v e y s c o n d u c te d in the p r i o r y e a r but s i n c e d i s c o n t i n u e d a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e :
A l p e n a , S t a n d i s h , an d T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A ustin , T e x . *
F o r t S m i t h , A r k —O k la.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
*

E x p a n d e d to an a r e a w a g e s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r 1973.

Lexington, K y . *
Pin e B luff, A rk.
Sto c k t o n , C a l i f .
T a c o m a , W a sh .
W ichita F a l l s , T e x .
See in side b ac k c o v e r.

The twelfth an n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t in 1764, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,'
T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1 9 7 2 , $ 1 . 25 a c o p y , f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t
of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W ashington, D . C . , 20402.




<ru. a. Q O V I R H M I N T

P R IN T IN G O P P IC K i I 9 7 1 — 7 4 8 —2 3 0 / 8 6

A re a W a g e S u rv e y s
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in clu ding m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n ducted at the
r e q u e s t of the E m p l o y m e n t S t a n d a r d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any of the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W ashin gton , D .C . , 20402.
A rea

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e

A k r o n , Ohio, D e c . 1972--------------------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 3 6 , 40 c e n ts
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1973
S
T
— ---- 1 7 7 5 - 6 2 , 55 c e n ts
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1973------------------------------ 1 7 7 5 - 5 2 ,
40 c e n ts
A llen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 197 3------ 1 7 7 5 - 9 0 ,
B
E
N
50 c e n ts
A t la n t a , G a . , M a y 1973-------------------------- ----- — ---------- 1 7 7 5 - 7 9 , 40 c e n ts
A u st i n , T e x . , D ec . 1972 1------------------------------------------ 1 7 7 5 - 4 2 , 40 c e n ts
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1972 1--- -------- ------- ------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 2 0 ,
75 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1973 1------- 1 7 7 5 - 8 2 ,
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 5 ,
45 c e n ts
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1973 1---------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 6 5 ,
55 c e n ts
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, Nov. 1972 1_.-------- ------------ ------------ 1 7 7 5 - 3 2 ,
50 c e n ts
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A ug. 1972 1.—,-------- ------ -—.----- ________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 3 , 75 c e n ts
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , Oct. 1972
__ ______ _____ _— ----- ---------- 1 7 7 5 - 1 8 , 65 c e n ts
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1972 1____________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 2 8 ,
50 c e n ts
C an ton , O h i o , M a y 1973_____ _______ ____—— ---------------- 1 7 7 5 - 7 3 , 40 c e n ts
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1973---------------— _______
1 7 7 5 - 7 4 , 40 c e n ts
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1973----------- --- ------------------------ - 1 7 7 5 - 3 9 ,
40 c e n ts
55c e n ts
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Se pt. 1972 1— .--------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 1 4 ,
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 197 3----------- --------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 8 8 ,
50 c e n ts
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky.— n d ., F e b . 1973------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 5 3 ,
I
50 c e n ts
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1972 1--------- —------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 1 5 ,
75 c e n t s
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1972 1 ---------.—
---------------— 1 7 7 5 - 2 3 , 55 c e n ts
D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1972 1-------------- ---------------------- ----- 1 7 7 5 - 2 5 ,
75 c e n ts
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111., F e b . 1973----- 1 7 7 5 - 5 7 ,
40 c e n ts
D ay ton , Ohio, D e c . 1972
------------- ----- .— ----------- — - 1 7 7 5 - 3 4 , 40 c e n ts
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1972___-_____ _—_
1775-35,
40 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
D e s M o in e s , Iowa, M a y 1973----_ _ — _ _ _ _ _ _ ---------------- 1 7 7 5 - 7 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., M a r . 1973 1 ---------- —---— .------ .—-----— 1 7 7 5 - 8 9 , 80 c e n ts
D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1973----------- . . . . . . ------------ —_ _ —__ 1 7 7 5 - 6 1 , 35 c e n ts
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e — lly w ood and W e st P a l m
Ho
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1973---------------- --------------------------- 1 7 7 5 -6 4 ,
40 c e n ts
------...------ — 1 7 7 5 - 2 4 , 50 c e n ts
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Oct. 1972 1- _ —— .—
—
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1972 1— — —— --------------- --------- 1 7 7 5 - 1 ,
55 c e n ts
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1973 1----------------—
-------- ---------- 1 7 7 5 - 8 6 , 40 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
H o u ston , T e x . , A p r . 1973------------------------------------------ 1 7 7 5 - 7 1 ,
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1973------------------------------------ — 1 7 7 5 - 4 8 ,
40 c e n ts
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., Oct. 1972 1--------- -------- ------------ —— 1 7 7 5 - 2 7 ,
55 c e n ts
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1973------------------------- ----- ----------- 1 7 7 5 - 4 4 , 40 c e n ts
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D ec . 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------------ 1 7 7 5 - 3 1 ,
40 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
K a n s a s City , Mo.— a n s . , Sept. 19 7 2 --------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 1 7 ,
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., Ju n e 1 9 7 2 * _ —
H
N
— 1725-81,
35 c e n ts
L e x in g to n , K y . , Nov. 1972 1------------------ -------------- ------ 1 7 7 5 - 2 2 ,
50 c e n ts
L i t t le R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1972 1________ 1 7 7 5 - 2 ,
N
55 c e n ts
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , Oct. 1972 1___---------------1 7 7 5 - 3 8 ,
75 c e n t s
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.— d., Nov. 1972------------In
— 1775-37,
40 c e n ts
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1973--------------- -----------—
1775- 55, 40 c e n ts
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1972 1
—------ -— __________
1775-8,
55 ce n ts
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Nov. 1972.-------------------------- ...— 1 7 7 5 - 3 0 ,
40 ce n ts
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 7 2 1________ ____________— ------- ----- 1 7 7 5 - 2 9 , 55 c e n ts
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1973------------ >
.----- ______ 1 7 7 5 - 4 1 , 35 c e n t s
D a ta on estab lish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w a ge provisions are a lso presented.




Area
M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 3 --------------------------------------------M in n e a p o lis—
St. P a u l , M inn., Ja n . 1 9 7 3 ------------------------M u ske gon — u ske gon H eights, M ic h ., Ju n e 1 9 7 3 -----------M
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N . J ., Ja n . 1 9 7 3 ----------------------New H aven, C on n., Ja n . 1 9 7 3 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a ., J a n . 1 9 7 3 -----------------------------------------New Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1 9 7 2 1_____________________________
N o rfo lk — i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
V
P
N ew p o rt News—
Hampton, V a ., J a n . 1 9 7 3 1-------------------O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ________________________
O m a h a , N ebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1 9 7 2 _________________________
P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., Ju n e 1 9 7 2 1----------------C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1 9 7 2 --------------- -----------------P h o e n i x , A r i z . , Ju n e 1 9 7 2 1 ______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Ja n . 1 9 7 3 1 _____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1 9 7 2 _____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O re g .— a s h ., M a y 1 9 7 3 ---------------------------------W
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s t o n — ewburg h, N.Y .,
K
N
J u n e 1 9 7 3 -----------------------------------------------------------------------P ro v id e n c e — a r w i c k — a w t u c k e t , R. I.— a s s .,
W
P
M
M a y 1 9 7 3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1 9 7 2 ------------------------ ----------------- -----R ich m on d, V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ---------------------------------------------R i v e r s i d e ^ S a n B e r n a r d i n o — n ta r io , C a li f .,
O
Dec. 1 9 7 2 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N.Y. (office o cc u p a tio n s only), J u l y 1 9 7 2 ___
R o c k fo r d , 111., Ju n e 1 9 7 3 ------------------------------------------------St. L o u is , Mo.—
111., M a r . 1 9 7 3 1 -------------------------------------S a lt L a k e C it y , Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 2 1 _______________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1 9 7 3 ____________________________
S an Die go, C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 7 2 -------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — aklan d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ___________ ______ ____________
S a v a n n a h , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 3 ------------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 -------------------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 1 9 7 3 _____ ________________
E
S iou x F a l l s , S. Dak., Dec. 1 9 7 2 1 -----------------------------------South B en d , Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 3 -------------------------------------------Spokane, W a s h ., Ju n e 1 9 7 2 1 -------------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u l y 1 9 7 2 ______________________________
T a m p a — P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1 9 7 2 _________________
St.
Toledo , Ohio— i c h ., A p r . 1 9 7 3 ________,_________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., Sept. 1 9 7 2 1 _______________________________
U tica — o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------------------R
W a sh in gton , D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ---------------------------W a t e r b u r y , C on n., M a r . 1 9 7 3 ____________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1 9 7 2 _____ ________________________
W i c h it a , K a n s . , A p r .
1 9 7 3 --------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 3 ------------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , Feb. 1 9 7 3 _____________________________________
Youngstown— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1 9 7 2 __________________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1775-83,
1775-49,
1 775-91,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

40 ce nts
55 cents
50 cents
55 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
50 cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
177 5 - 2 1 ,
1775-87,

50 cents
4 5 cents
4 0 ce nts
4 0 cents
55 ce n ts
55 cents
75 cents
40 cents
35 cents

1775-85,

35 c ents

1775-84,
1775-7,
1775-68,

35 cents
45 cents
40 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1775-80,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1775-78,
1775-40,
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
75
50
35
40
40
40
40
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
50
40
40
40
40
40
40

cents
ce n ts
ce nts
cents
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce nts
ce nts
ce nts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
cents
ce nts
cents
cents
cents
ce n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
ce n ts

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada