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SOOO-/  Area Wage Survey  Mjnneapolis—St. Paul, Minnesota—Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area, January 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3000-1   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Chisago Anoka Wright  Washington St. Croix Ramsey  Hennepin  'A  Carver  Minneapolis  St. Paul  Dakota  hjssooe ? V* ■ ;S?TY !. Us 3. UJPO.I.L'O't,i. CV  App - 9 1380  mm  Preface  This bulletin provides results of a January 1980 survey of occupational earnings in the Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota-Wisconsin, Standard Metro­ politan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Chicago, 111., under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission of the Federal Government. Please credit the Bureau of Labor Statistics and cite the name and number of this publication.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Note:  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area are available for the hospitals (May 1978), auto dealer repair shops (June 1978), and nursing and personal care facilities (June 1978) industries. Reports on occupational earnings only are available for the laundry and dry cleaning (January 1980) and moving and storage industries (January 1980). Also available for Minneapolis and for St. Paul are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)  Area Wage Survey  Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minnesota—Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area, January 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Ray Marshall, Secretary  Contents  Page  Cjris o*,  Page  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner1 Introduction.........................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  April 1980 Tables: Bulletin 3000-1  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents. G.P.O. stock number 029-001-02454-1.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Earnings, all establishments: A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers...................... A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers............................................. A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex................................................................ A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers.................................. A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers........................................... A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex......................... A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent Increases for selected occupational groups................... A-8. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for office clerical occupations............. A-9. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for professional and technical occupations..................................................... A-10. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ................................  3 6 8 10 n 13 14  A-11. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for material movement and custodial occupations...................................  16  Earnings, large establishments: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers.................. 17 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers............................................. 20 A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex................................................................ 22 A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers.................................... 23 A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ..................................... 24 A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex................................................................ 25  14  Appendix A. Scope and method of survey........................ Appendix B. Occupational descriptions.......................... 15 15  27 31  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965. A-series tables  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nonmanufacturing industries. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-11 provide measures of average pay relationships within establishments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details. Appendixes  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980 Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  of workers  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  115 and under 120  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  7,053 3,847 3,206 363  39.5 39.5 39.0 39.5  231.00 230.50 231.50 307.50  224.50 200.50- 251.00 225.50 205.00- 251.50 224.00 196.00- 250.00 316.50 265.00- 350.50  _ -  Secretaries, class A..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  624 274 350 74  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  285.00 286.00 284.00 358.00  284.00 287.50 279.00 374.00  248.50269.00236.00321.50-  315.00 304.00 316.00 415.00  Secretaries, class B..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,580 799 781 105  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  251.50 253.00 250.50 347.00  247.50 254.50 232.50 346.00  221.00232.50213.00320.00-  271.00 271.00 272.50 377.50  Secretaries, class C..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,632 1,606 1,026 69  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  221.00 222.50 219.00 280.00  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,480 708 772 107  39.5 39.5 39.0 39.5  Secretaries, class E..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  352 207 145  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  420 and over  -  2 2 -  18 1 17 -  67 21 46 -  159 51 108 -  255 128 127 4  504 228 276 2  656 320 336 6  1557 945 612 41  1502 846 656 18  949 547 402 18  515 358 157 34  344 218 126 40  217 91 126 42  133 61 72 40  57 18 39 37  36 6 30 28  34 3 31 13  34 5 29 26  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _  -  -  25 25 -  37 19 18 4  65 17 48 -  86 21 65 1  78 56 22 3  125 86 39 5  71 24 47 5  67 32 35 10  20 14 6 5  9 2 7 6  9 1 8 8  31 2 29 26  _  _ -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  61 14 47 -  84 12 72 -  212 79 133 -  283 135 148 1  338 218 120 3  252 189 63 3  128 98 30 8  78 33 45 12  28 8 20 16  30 3 27 27  21  -  31 9 22 -  20  -  1 1  20 19  21 3  218.50 201.50- 235.50 219.00 206.50- 234.50 214.50 199.00- 236.00 280.50 256.00- 287.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  -  29 29 "  29 29 -  61 24 37 “  161 89 72 -  267 158 109 2  839 570 269 1  762 468 294 6  273 184 89 10  86 56 30 12  71 22 49 25  19 13 6  25 17 8 8  3 1 2 2  5 2 3 3  2 2  210.50 213.00 208.00 250.00  205.00 187.00209.00 190.00200.00 185.00236.50 216.50-  232.50 233.00 232.00 302.00  _  _  _  -  99 40 59 -  104 52 52 4  194 74 120 2  223 106 117 4  301 155 146 36  280 146 134 11  142 86 56 4  46 27 19 16  7 2 5 2  39 14 25 25  1  -  20 3 17 -  4  -  18 1 17 -  4 3  1 -  39.5 39.5 39.5  200.50 188.50 218.50  190.00 187.50 208.00  175.50- 211.50 174.50- 201.50 182.00- 251.50  _  _  _  53 43 10  74 47 27  35 30 5  66 48 18  20 8 12  30 _ 30  17 2 15  3  -  30 11 19  3  -  18 18 -  1  -  2 2  _  _  1  -  3  3  1,403 677 726 217  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  207.00 191.50 221.50 313.50  187.50 170.50184.50 175.00191.50 163.50343.50 290.50-  221.00 200.00 254.00 357.00  _ -  2 2 -  45 3 42 -  59 9 50 -  69 21 48 -  142 68 74 2  212 127 85 2  236 185 51 4  126 92 34 5  159 102 57 7  78 23 55 13  78 24 54 12  17 8 9 7  36 7 29 29  20 4 16 14  8  74  Stenographers, senior................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  830 495 335  39.0 39.5 39.0  201.50 194.00 212.00  188.50 188.50 184.00  173.50- 207.00 180.50- 201.50 163.50- 224.50  _  _  -  23 2 21  49 3 46  57 19 38  128 88 40  203 168 35  85 78 7  127 92 35  48 15 33  31 16 15  11 8 3  6 4 2  7  -  7 7  7  Stenographers, general............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  573 182 391 159  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  214.50 183.50 229.50 301.50  185.50 164.50172.50 165.00205.00 163.50309.50 256.50-  250.00 192.00 290.50 352.00  _  -  2 2 -  38 3 35 -  36 7 29 -  20 18 2 -  85 49 36 2  84 39 45 2  33 17 16 4  41 14 27 4  32 10 22 7  30 8 22 13  47 8 39 9  6 _ 6 6  30 3 27 27  13 4 9 9  Transcribing-machine typists........... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  145 50 95  39.5 40.0 39.5  187.00 180.00 190.50  174.00 172.50 182.50  168.50- 199.00 168.00- 195.50 168.50- 199.00  _  _  -  -  4 4 -  4 2 2  11 1 10  22 7 15  41 21 20  13 2 11  16 2 14  13 8 5  10 3 7  9 _ 9  1 _ 1  Typists.............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,807 472 1,335 268  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  180.50 181.50 180.00 226.50  167.50 170.00 166.50 201.50  156.00155.50156.50186.00-  192.00 190.00 194.00 277.00  _  84 14 70 -  195 50 145 -  246 87 161 6  403 81 322 25  249 88 161 15  131 33 98 31  110 28 82 57  121 39 82 22  46 2 44 15  46 1 45 15  32  -  32 32 -  Typists, class A............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  907 248 659 92  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  186.50 191.50 185.00 260.50  168.50 162.00168.00 159.00169.00 162.00277.00 227.50-  188.00 202.50 185.00 294.00  _  _  -  47 22 25 -  95 52 43 5  313 56 257 1  166 37 129 -  56 8 48 1  18 6 12 3  40 14 26 9  26 2 24 10  26 1 25 11  26  -  10 1 9 -  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3  _  32 22  _  26 17  -  _  -  14 14 14 1 1 1 13 13 • 13  _  -  -  -  2 2 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  38  4 2 2 2  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  8 8  74 74  38 38  25  21  -  25  21  8  49  17  _  _  _  _  8 8  49 49  17 17  2 2 2 2 2  _  -  -  -  -  1 _  _  _  _  _  -  -  1  -  -  -  81 49 32 31  15  8  6  _  _  _  8 8  6 6  _ _  _  15 15  -  -  -  -  62 49 13 13  15  7  _  _  15 15  7 7  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wls., January 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours* workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  115 and under 120  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  420 and over  Typists, class B............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  890 214 676 176  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  174.00 170.50 175.50 209.00  166.00 170.00 163.50 197.00  149.50151.00147.50186.00-  197.00 181.50 197.00 217.50  _  32 32 -  72 11 61 -  144 24 120 -  153 35 118 1  88 23 65 24  83 51 32 15  73 23 50 30  92 22 70 54  81 25 56 13  20  20  6  19  _  1  6  -  -  _  -  -  20 5  20 4  6 5  19 18  -  1 1  6 6  “  -  ~  -  File clerks......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,134 97 1,037 151  39.0 40.0 39.0 40.0  165.00 159.00 165.50 275.00  147.50 133.50152.00 140.00147.50 133.50302.00 200.00-  167.00 179.00 167.00 348.00  48 48 -  166 3 163 -  261 15 246 -  181 29 152 -  137 19 118 2  67 6 61 1  40 4 36 1  17 4 13 13  33 6 27 6  55 5 50 33  45 6 39 11  7  _  1  14  2  32  28  _  _  _  7 7  -  1 1  14 14  2 2  32 32  28 28  -  “  -  File clerks, class A....................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  149 142 58  39.5 39.5 40.0  225.00 226.00 319.00  170.50 160.00- 340.50 170.50 160.00- 340.50 340.50 250.00- 365.50  _  -  _ -  1 1 -  25 25 -  5 5 -  32 32 -  13 13 -  3 1 1  6 4 -  11 8 4  5 5 5  7 7 7  _ -  _ “  1 1 1  1 1 1  17 17 17  22 22 22  _ -  -  _ •  File clerks, class B....................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  638 601 69  39.5 39.0 40.0  162.00 161.50 267.50  147.50 131.00- 167.00 144.00 130.00- 161.00 302.00 200.00- 348.00  48 48 -  98 98 -  122 115 -  113 111 -  80 71 2  21 16 1  19 19 1  2 -  27 23 6  32 30 17  40 34 6  _ -  _ -  1 1 1  13 13 13  1 1 1  15 15 15  6 6 6  _ -  _ -  _ -  File clerks, class C....................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  347 53 294  39.0 40.0 39.0  144.00 146.00 144.00  138.00 140.00 138.00  133.50- 156.00 140.00- 152.00 133.50- 158.50  _ -  68 3 65  138 8 130  43 27 16  52 10 42  14 1 13  8 4 4  12  _  12  12  -  12  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  533 211 322  39.0 39.5 39.0  157.50 153.50 160.50  140.50 130.00- 160.00 150.00 140.00- 165.50 133.50 126.50- 149.50  _ -  133 16 117  108 31 77  114 58 56  44 38 6  38 29 9  17 12 5  20 17 3  7 3 4  10 7 3  -  1  2  7  15  12  5  -  -  -  -  1  2  7  15  12  5  -  -  -  -  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  405 59 346  39.5 39.5 40.0  178.00 197.50 175.00  161.00 180.00 160.00  150.00- 187.50 171.50- 214.50 149.50- 176.50  _ -  _ -  18 18  71 71  83 3 80  83 11 72  46 15 31  5 4 1  10 2 8  34 10 24  12 8 4  16 16  5 2 3  6 4 2  1 1  12 12  -  3 3  “  “  “  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  869 225 644 66  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  176.50 179.50 175.50 221.00  168.50 161.00- 184.00 170.00 161.00- 191.00 166.00 159.00- 184.00 175.00 154.00- 282.00  -  7 7 -  55 55 2  39 23 16 13  108 6 102 4  254 80 174 6  132 42 90 13  71 13 58 -  25 12 13 “  121 26 95 -  14 8 6 -  13 13 -  1 1 -  13 1 12 12  -  16 16 16  -  -  -  -  -  Order clerks...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  842 318 524  40.0 40.0 40.0  219.50 245.00 204.00  207.00 222.00 198.00  172.50- 244.00 187.50- 300.50 167.00- 230.00  _ -  27 27  31 31  38 38  33 9 24  76 38 38  52 10 42  51 29 22  52 12 40  129 53 76  110 44 66  77 16 61  11 11 -  15 15 -  60 4 56  8 5 3  _ -  72 72 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Order clerks, class A.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  580 200 380  40.0 40.0 40.0  237.00 275.50 217.00  221.00 187.50- 284.00 274.00 202.00- 361.00 204.00 176.00- 240.00  _  _  13 13  3 3  26 4 22  48 6 42  34 12 22  38 6 32  83 43 40  78 13 65  71 12 59  11 11 -  12 12  60 4 56  5 5 -  _ -  72 72 -  -  -  -  26 26  -  -  -  -  -  -  6 4 2  _  ~  3 3  •  -  _ -  _ ~  -  ”  3 3 “  66  7 2 5 5  122 4 118 117  350  66 37  33 6 27 27  5 2 3 3  2 2 -  7 2 5 5  92 4 88 87  31 4 27 27  5 2 3 3  2 2  Order clerks, class B.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  262 118 144  40.0 40.0 40.0  181.00 193.50 170.00  168.00 180.50 154.00  Accounting clerks............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  6,727 1,902 4,825 1,345  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  206.00 195.00 210.00 291.50  189.00 161.50190.50 171.50186.50 160.00290.50 239.50-  Accounting clerks, class A.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,876 755 2,121 688  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  230.50 216.50 236.50 318.00  207.00 184.00207.00 193.50209.50 180.00340.50 268.50-  25  30 9 21  50 34 16  4 4 -  17 17 -  14 6 8  46 10 36  32 31 1  184 29 155 -  568 90 478 -  614 133 481 -  613 200 413 6  784 212 572 45  621 266 355 18  609 236 373 71  868 390 478 125  400 169 231 76  328 77 251 132  232 29 203 149  263 53 210 184  12  91  40  124 8 116 -  308 41 267 2  355 109 246 2  364 138 226 7  401 210 191 27  236 97 139 24  187 66 121 55  145 24 121 73  203 48 155 132  _  27  5  25  -  -  -  -  -  27  5  224.50 210.50 242.00 362.50  _  58 2 56  267.00 228.50 290.00 370.50  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 -  91 -  40 -  154.00- 214.50 163.00- 224.50 140.00- 214.50  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  4  -  -  40 -  40 11  -  350 350 233 -  233 233  T  -  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earning* of office workers In Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Minn.-Wls., January 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industiy division  Accounting clerks, class B.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.......................... Bookkeeping-machine operators.... Nonmanufacturing...................... Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A.................................  Average Number weekly of hours* workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly eiamings (in doll ars)*  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  3,833 1,129 2,704 857  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  187.50 181.50 190.50 263.00  172.50 155.00- 204.00 177.00 171.50 152.00- 207.00 255.00 204.00- 306.00  139 116  39.5 39.5  204.00 198.50  207.00 170.00- 228.00 180.50 170.00- 228.00  71  39.5  218.00  115 and under 120 -  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  58  172 29 143 "  475 88 387  “  ~  “  ”  “  “  “  56  -  228.00  572 131 441  477 180 297 6  474 169 305 43  266 157 109 16  245 98 147 64  467 180 287 98  164 72 92 52  141 11 130 77  87 5 82 76  60 5 55 52  26 _ 26 26  -  13 13  30 30  17 17  _ -  23 11  45 44  9 -  2 1  _  _  -  -  -  17  -  11  32  9  2  _  _  _  -  -  13  30  ~  -  12  13  64 44  39 29  11 ~  40 30  1 -  32 29  3 -  -  59 59  -  13 13  _  _  -  -  62  8  8  9  31  -  -  59  -  13  -  39 1  26 8 18  22 7 15 2  143 51 92  32 4 28 -  86 40 46 2  44 26 18 2  50 26 24 4n  45 25 20 11  35 11 24 1  20 5 15 15  -  Bookkeeping-machine operators,  Machine-billers................................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Billing-machine billers.................. Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................. Public utilities.......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Key entry operators, class A........ Manufacturing............................  Key entry operators, class B........ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  381 321 307 628 232 396 84  40.0  189.00  40.0 40.0  239.50 254.00  40.0 39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  258.00 232.50 237.50 229.50 341.50  213.00 240.00 240.00 206.50 229.50 199.00  166.00- 362.00 185.00- 266.50 189.50- 266.50  1 ”  -  2,740 761 1,979 296  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  198.00 195.00 199.00 274.00  186.50 186.00 161.00- 220.00 286.50 222.50- 332.50  1,398 530 868 187  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  211.50 199.00 219.00 307.50  196.50 178.50191.50 178.50201.00 179.00304.50 268.50-  1,330 219 1.111 109  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  183.50 184.50 183.50 216.50  175.50 176.50 175.00 209.50  61  228.50 203.50 240.00 340.00  -  157.50- 200.00 164.00- 195.50  -  184.00- 248.00  -  4  _  30 _ 30 30  117  _ _  117 117  -  -  117  9 1 8 5  27 20 7 7  21  _ _ -  117 117  21 21  167 25 142 ~  288 93 195 11  401 164 237 5  329 116 213 28  309 136 173 6  375 127 248 24  148 45 103 14  190 1 189 18  48 5 43 40  43 9 34 17  51 _ 51 51  86 28 58 58  19 4 15 15  9  61  212 8 204 "  -  49 -  24  101 44 57 ~  205 98 107 -  190 87 103 -  226 129 97 “  212 102 110 2  115 22 93 8  58 1 57 4  42 2 40 37  25 9 16 13  48 48 48  79 28 51 51  15 _ 15 15  9  187 49 138 11  192 62 130 5  135 25 110 28  83 7 76 6  159 21 138 22  33 23 10 6  132  6 3 3 3  18 18 4  3 _ 3 3  7 _ 7 7  4 4 “  ~  -  61  163  61  155  16 ~ 143 17 126  -  #-Mi nwi ROI9 nei 9 a l rtcu.w IU  • • All workers were at $480.00 to $500.00. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  5  -  132 14  9 9  9 9  420 and over  2 2 _  _  _  _  _  -  -  5 4  15 2 13 * • 13 -  1  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand-  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  140 and 160  Computer systems analysts  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  620  1 1 -  1 1 -  Public utilities..........................  1,416 775 641 113  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  417.00 432.50 398.00 439.50  422.00 438.50 398.00 443.00  374.50400.50355.00389.00-  463.50 471.50 443.50 489.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class A................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  710 452 258 51  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  458.00 464.00 448.00 481.50  460.00 462.50 449.50 488.00  431.50439.50418.50458.50-  486.50 486.50 484.50 512.50  -  -  "  Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  546 258 288 53  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  389.00 403.00 376.50 408.50  390.00 404.50 383.00 417.50  364.00377.50352.50351.00-  418.50 429.00 401.00 447.50  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business), class C................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  160 65 95  39.5 40.0 39.5  327.50 328.50 327.00  313.50 290.00- 367.50 333.50 299.00- 361.50 299.00 290.00- 380.00  -  -  1 1  ~  2,093 869 1,224 187  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  350.50 359.50 344.00 382.00  339.50 352.00 326.50 369.50  298.00322.00276.00331.50-  385.50 393.00 379.50 438.50  _ -  _ -  4 4 “  425 155 270 46  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  429.50 426.00 431.00 454.00  420.50 425.50 402.50 453.50  345.00394.00323.00423.50-  471.50 460.00 483.50 480.50  -  -  -  Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,055 455 600 108  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  353.50 361.50 347.50 371.00  355.50 361.00 346.00 357.50  320.00336.00315.00340.50-  384.00 388.00 379.50 411.00  -  -  Computer programmers (business), class C................... Nonmanufacturing......................  576 325  39.5 39.0  289.50 269.00  286.00 253.00- 320.00 268.50 249.50- 286.00  -  Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,598 670 928 123  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  238.00 232.00 242.00 302.00  228.00 223.50 230.00 277.00  204.50202.00207.00264.50-  259.00 252.50 264.50 362.00  Computer operators, class A....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  476 150 326 32  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  274.00 271.00 275.00 341.00  260.00 263.50 260.00 342.50  238.00249.50236.00308.00-  Computer operators, class B....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  746 337 409 82  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  235.00 233.00 237.00 297.00  228.00 224.50 230.00 277.00  211.50213.00211.50264.50-  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business).. Public utilities.......................... Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.......................... Computer programmers  Computer operators.........................  -  -  2 2 _  13 4 9 -  73 6 67 3  38 14 24 2  47 23 24 3  71 32 39 10  113 46 67 5  164 ' 60 104 13  161 98 63 7  159 102 57 12  154 104 50 10  281 205 76 24  109 62 47 19  15 8 7 4  5 4 1 1  _ _  1  4  4  5  4  4  5 ■  4 '  63 40 23 2  97 59 38 5  124 85 39  245 179 66  101 61 40  15 8 7 4  -  4 ~  29 11 18 4  5  1 "  13 5 8 1  62 43 19  25 17 8  36 26 10  8 1 7  “  _ “  “  -  “  “  “  .  2 2  3 3 ■  2 2 ”  19 19 3  17 5 12 2  29 12 17 3  53 21 32 8  86 32 54 3  117 45 72 3  87 56 31 5  “  6 6 "  10 4 6  50 6 44  17 9 8  13 11 2  14 11 3  14 9 5  18 4 14  2 9  8 8 -  65 16 49  147 7 140 “  156 26 130 5  164 50 114 19  253 109 144 14  260 133 127 15  225 140 85 31  250 111 139 18  109 77 32 8  .  . -  5 5  8 8  36 36  17 17  34 6 28  21 15 6  32 7 25 3  -  4 4  30 30 “  29 1 28  35 12 23  65 26 39 14  101 42 59 5  135 44 91 7  175 98 77 29  -  4 4  4 4  35 19  111 107  113 99  63 39  102 39  91 8  7 7 -  57 18 39 1  273 125 148 1  347 175 172 16  304 111 193 7  212 104 108 2  154 60 94 38  58 31 27 4  52 18 34 7  306.50 293.50 310.00 369.50  _ -  -  8 8 -  38 8 30 "  78 6 72 "  97 38 59 1  86 38 48 3  40 21 19 2  249.50 244.00 253.00 380.50  6  28 2 26 -  207 107 100 13  193 101 92 3  113 65 48 1  68 22 46 35  17 10 7 2  -  6 -  -  -  -  _ 62 20 42 -  1 1  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9 6 3 -  6  620 and over  ~  "  ~  *  2 3  133 74 59 17  99 50 49 14  52 24 28 21  92 40 52 16  19  13  9 9  20 15 5 1  39 24 15 6  55 26 29 5  37 20 17 10  47 31 16  200 88 112 13  85 58 27 7  90 48 42 9  44 24 20  15 4 11  29 2  18 2  2 ■  4 2  -  55 16 39 4  33 7 26 11  6 3 3 3  27 1 26 26  9 9  32 13 19 6  47 11 36 1  27 3 24 9  5 3 2 2  6  9  16 1 15 1  7 4 3 3  6 4 2 2  1  21 21  1  5 5  9-  “ ~ ”  ~  ~ ~  ~  11  “  44 44  17 9 8  13 2 11  " “  • 44 “ 44  45 9 36  2 1 1  -  **  " “  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 ” 3  “ -  1  -  -  -  -  ”  -  3 ~ 3  ** "  ~ -  -  -  “  ~  -  “ ”  1  -  -  -  “  -  “ -  “  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In Mlnneapoiis-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)'  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  140 and under 160  -  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  620  Computer operators, class C....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  376 183 193  40.0 40.0 39.5  197.50 198.50 197.00  192.50 193.00 190.00  185.00- 207.00 185.00- 205.00 184.00- 210.00  1 _ 1  29 16 13  203 97 106  102 60 42  33 4 29  2 1 1  -  1  Peripheral equipment operators......  86  40.0  210.50  210.00  180.50- 224.00  1  10  12  30  17  9  4  2  1  4 4 1  620 and over  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  .  42 9 5  2 2  5 5  1 1  6  1  5  _  _  -  -  -  1  -  -  _  Computer data librarians................. Nonmanufacturing......................  64 52  39.0 39.0  206.00 206.50  207.00 207.00  183.50- 209.00 183.50- 207.00  1 1  12 9  16 13  23 22  6 1  3 3  Drafters............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,867 1,433 434 81  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  299.50 304.50 283.00 340.50  293.50 299.00 277.00 352.00  247.50248.50230.00­ 277.00-  347.00 348.50 333.50 383.50  -  16 1 15 3  17 15 2 1  193 109 84  112 97 15 2  278 211 67 5  238 173 65 15  133 112 21  183 139 44 3  179 154 25 6  140 107 33 15  123 104 19 9  101 84 17 6  66 56 10 3  Drafters, class A........................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  629 550 79  40.0 40.0 40.0  352.00 349.50 368.50  347.00 321.00- 380.00 344.00 321.00- 377.50 365.50 345.00- 397.00  _ -  _  _  _  _  .  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  45 32 13  34 34  68 68  -  _ "  126 122 4  98 80 18  97 83 14  70 60 10  39 32 7  Drafters, class B.«........................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  500 352 148  40.0 40.0 40.0  291.50 284.00 309.00  290.00 264.50- 308.50 282.00 264.00- 303.50 300.00 276.00- 335.00  _  _  _  -  57 44 13  131 107 24  86 73 13  108 68 40  52 32 20  18 3 15  10 5 5  3  -  12 8 4  7  -  12 12 -  7  3  3  1  -  -  -  _  _  Drafters, class C........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  510 347 163  40.0 40.0 40.0  234.50 237.50 228.50  240.00 216.50- 250.00 240.50 223.00- 247.50 218.50 200.00- 250.00  12 12  6 6 -  155 77 78  78 73 5  158 43  25 12  5 8  3 4  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................  1,444 1,299  40.0 40.0  321.00 310.00  306.00 266.00- 374.50 300.00 264.00- 350.00  -  1 1  9 9  41 41  36 36  170 166  232 230  165 165  164 160  112 112  96 94  77 72  92 82  64  37  19  11  -  -  -  -  Electronics technicians, class B...  395  40.0  297.50  297.00 276.00- 317.00  -  -  8  -  24  18  61  93  103  39  26  15  7  -  -  1  _  _  _  _  Registered industrial nurses............ Manufacturing............................  121 96  39.5 40.0  315.00 316.50  316.00 292.50- 333.50 316.50 299.00- 333.50  _  .  -  -  -  1 -  1 -  18 12  22 15  34 30  20 20  16 14  2  1  2  _  _  :  _ _  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7  1  1  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 19B0  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average (mean*)  Average (mean*)  Average (mean*) Number of workers  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  209 605  39.5 39.5  172.50 170.50 173.00  1,077 87  39 0 40.0  158 50 156.00 159.00  119  39.5  202.00  610 577  39.0 39.0  158.50 158.00  347 53 294  39.0 40.0 39.0  144.00 146.00 144.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................  381 136 245  39.0 39.5 39.0  145.00 151.00 141.50  Switchboard operators.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  382 58 324  39.5 39.5 40.0  174.00 197.50 169.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  869 225 644 66  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  176.50 179.50 175.50 221.00  Order clerks............................................................... Manufacturing....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  684 243 441  40.0 40.0 40.0  203.50 224.00 192.00  Order clerks, class A............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  432 132 300  40.0 40.0 40.0  217.50 251.50 202.50  Order clerks, class B.............................................  252 111 141  40.0 40.0 40.0  179.50 191.00 170.50  Manufacturing......................................................  Accounting clerks...................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  5,536 1,651 3,885  39.5 39.5 39.0  195.00 192.50 196.00  Computer programmers (business), class A............................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Office occupations men 40.0  155.50  158 75  40.0 40.0  290.00 314.50  148  40.0 40.0  295.50 322.50  File clerks, class A:  Office occupations -  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  5,922 3,072 359  39.5 39.0 39.5  229.50 231.50 307.00  528 347 71  39.5 39.0 40.0  281.00 283.00 356.00  1,316 781 105  39.0 39.0 40.0  250.00 250.50 347.00  Secretaries, class C: 1,026  39.0  219.00 280.00  1,479 708 771  39.5 39.5 39.0  210.50 213.00 208.00  39.5  188.00  Stenographers........................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,229 651  39.0 39.0  199.00 206.00  Stenographers, senior...........................................  699 300  39.0 39.0  195.00 195.00  Ster iuyi aphers, Q8n6fdl............................. ...... .... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  530 179 351  39.5 39.5 39.5  205.00 183.50 215.50  650  39.5  213.50  Transcribing-machine typists.................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  145 50 95  39.5 40.0 39.5  187.00 180.00 190.50  3,344 983 2,361  39.5 39.5 39.5  185.00 179.00 187.50  1,714 460 1,254  39.5 39.5 39.0  179.50 181.50 179.00  108 85  39.5 39.5  197.00 188.00  307  40.0  258.00  564 213 351  39.5 40.0 39.5  228.50 235.00 224.50  Key entry operators.................................................. Nonmanufacturing...............................................  2,439 1,836  39.5 39.5  194.50 194.00  Key entry operators, class A............................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,164 766  39.5 39.5  205.50 208.50  Key entry operators, class B................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  1,263 193 1,070 109  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  184.00 185.50 183.50 216.50  1,059 556 503 86  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  421.50 436.50 404.50 448.50  552  39.5  41  40.0  462.00 458.50 490.00  385 222 38  39.5 39.5 40.0  391.00 384.00 416.50  122 82  39.5 39.0  333.00 329.50  1,468 589 879 130  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  363.00 367.00 360.50 391.00  359 131 228 39  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  439.00 429.00 445.00 451.00  724 300 424 66  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  362.00 365.00 359.50 379.50  354 198  39.5 39.0  294.00 273.00  872 376 496  39.5 39.5 39.0  239.00 233.00 244.00  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing...............................................  68  40.0  189.00  381 321  40.0 40.0  239.50 254.00  (business), class B............................................  Computer systems analysts (business), class C............................................  Accounting clerks, class A: Computer programmers  Computer programmers (business), class C...........................................  Bookkeeping-machine operators,  Public utilities...................................................  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  186.50 191.50 184.50 259.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Computer systems analysts  Switchboard operator-  190  890 241 649 91  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Payroll clerks.............................................................  Messengers: 64  of workers  8  Computer operators................................................ Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Table A-3. Average weakly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Mlnneapoll»-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980 —Continued Av erage (mlean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Computer operators, class A................................ Nonmanufacturing.............................................  Number of workers  320 234  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  39.0 39.0  270 00 268.00  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  (business), class B: Nonmanufacturing.......................................... Public utilities........................................  237.00 205 125 80  39.5 40 0 39.5  197.00 199.00 194.00  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,569 1,181 388  40.0 40.0 40.0  304.50 310.00 286.50  Drafters, class A................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  561 487 74  40.0 39.5 40.0  352.50 350.50 368.00  Drafters, class B................................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  416 270 146  40.0 40.0 40.0  292.50 284.00 309.00  266 148  40.0 40.0  234.00 236.00 230.50  1,348 1,246  40.0 40.0  320.00 312.00  Electronics technicians............................................ Manufactunng...................................................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly Weekly hours' earnings (stand­ (in dollars)' ard)  376  Computer operators, class B: Computer operators, class C................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Average (mean*)  Computer systems analysts (business): Nonmanufduturiny............. ................. ....... ........ Public utilities..............................................  129 27  39.5 40.0  372.50 410.00  55  39.0  410.50  Computer systems analysts (business), class B: Nonmanufacturing..............................................  61  39.5  351.50  Computer programmers (business)......................... Nonmanufacturing............................ Public utilities... .  547 337 57  39.0 39.0 40.0  317.00 303.00 361.50  9  39.0 40.0  320.50 357.00  206 127  39.0 38.5  280.00 262.50  608 251  39.5 39.5  227.00 225.00  147  39.5  227.00  161 58  40.0 40.0  199.00 197.00 200.00  59  40.0  207.50  39.5  315.50 317.50  Computer programmers  Computer systems analysts (business), class A: Nonmanufacturing.............................................  Computer programmers (business), class A.............................................  42  Nonmanufacturing.......................................... Computer operators...........................  Computer operators, class B:  Computer operators, class C..............................  Peripheral equipment operators.............  50 Registered industrial nurses............................  66  39.0  376.00  104  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis., January 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  9.10 9.10 8.74 8.62  Middle range* 8.60- 9.71 8.57- 9.10 8.60-11.06 8.60- 8.74  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 6.00 Under and 6.00 under 6.20  6.40  6.20 6.40  157 82 75 36  9.25 8.95 9.58 8.82  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing.............................  410 370  10.31 10.16  10.26 9.38-11.39 10.07 9.38-10.34  _ -  _  _  -  -  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing.............................  92 57  9.42 9.28  9.11 8.72- 9.90 9.10 9.10- 9.78  _ -  _ -  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing.............................  528 517  9.65 9.59  9.88 9.33- 9.88 9.88 9.33- 9.88  _  -  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  970 856 114  8.82 8.74 9.40  9.01 8.05- 9.60 8.82 8.05- 9.60 9.12 8.71- 9.99  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,185 73 1,112 1,043  9.98 9.00 10.05 10.11  10.55 8.98 10.55 10.55  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  132 119  Millwrights........................................ Manufacturing.............................  _  -  _ -  _ -  -  7.00  7.20  7.20  7.00  6.80  6.60  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufactunng...................... Public utilities..........................  6.80  6.60  7.40  7.40  2 2  ~  _  “  _ -  2 2  -  “  2 2  8.00  7.60 -  _ -  8.00  7.60  8.40  8.80  8.80  8.40  9.20 9.60  9.20  10.40 10.80 11.20 11.60 12.00 12.40  12.80  9.60  10.00  10.00  10.40 10.80 11.20 11.60 12.00 12.40 12.80 13.20  13 4 9 “  41 9 32 32  48 45 3 1  4 3 1 1  4 2 2 "  2 2 -  3 2 1 1  19 4 15  11 11  ~  1  ~  “  “  3 3  6 6  4 4  48 48  83 83  41 38  97 97  3 3  8 6  33 33  41 12  23 18  1  18 18  5 5  1  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  _  1 1  “  -  ■  “  ”  4  7 3  12 6  23 23  1 1  21 20  12 1  ■  8 2  2 '  1 ■  -  -  -  ~  _  _  _ -  _  1 1  2 2  13 13  17 17  52 52  154 154  206 206  45 45  26 26  1 1  '  '  ■  -  -  -  11  -  _ -  -  -  -  18 18 -  9 9 _  “  1 1  ”  55 55 "  13 9 4  28 28 “  75 60 15  132 124 8  124 122 2  208 174 34  34 34 '  183 149 34  '  58 58  1 1  16 16  15 15  -  “  _  10.05-10.55 7.90-10.09 10.46-10.55 10.46-10.55  -  5 5 -  -  1 1 1  100 100 100  5 5 -  -  “  15 15 -  31 29 2 “  2 2 -  60 5 55 55  21 6 15 14  11 9 2 “  15 15 ~  57 12 45 43  688 2 686 666  153 8 145 143  _ -  21 “ 21 21  “ “  “ '  “ '  10.39 10.27  10.21 10.21-11.15 10.21 10.21-11.15  -  -  -  “  -  ”  -  "  ”  “  7 7  4 4  “  3 3  -  70 70  3 3  40 32  -  5  -  -  -  -  186 177  9.57 9.55  9.22 9.10-10.20 9.10 9.10-10.20  1 1  _  _  _  1 1  ~  “  -  “  6 6  84 84  21 21  15 15  33 24  '  24 24  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  ~  Maintenance trades helpers............ Manufacturing.............................  124 121  8.63 8.64  9.49 7.81- 9.49 9.49 7.81- 9.49  -  -  ~  6 6  -  “  •-  -  —  50 50  3 —  '  -  65 65  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing.............................  73 70  8.78 8.76  8.95 8.43- 9.14 8.95 8.43- 9.14  -  -  -  “  “  -  -  “  -  7 7  4 4  22 22  24 24  15 12  1 1  ■  '  "  -  -  -  -  -  798 797  9.76 9.75  9.95 9.56- 9.95 9.95 9.56- 9.95  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  -  27 27  27 27  10 10  18 18  149 149  436 436  18 18  87 87  1 1  24 24  1 '  -  Manufacturing.............................  '  *  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  446 111 335  8.94 9.70 8.69  9.09 8.52- 9.60 9.98 9.06-10.26 8.77 8.22- 9.60  15  -  _  -  12  12  6  -  13  9  -  -  -  6  “  13  9  30 13 17  129 26 103  15 11 4  21 21 —  “ '  5 5 '  6 6  —  12  48 17 31  ”  12  91 14 77  "  15  34 4 30  284 262  8.59 8.67  8.55 7.76- 9.70 8.55 7.76- 9.70  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  19 19  27 27  13 3  66 66  24 24  8 8  58 58  17 17  3 3  -  -  -  20 18  -  -  19 19  -  -  10 -  -  ~  -  “  *  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10  —  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis., January 1980 H ouriy earn ngs (in dollars )* Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  6,577 1,289 5,288 3,652  9.99 9.48 10.12 10.64  Truckdrivers, light truck............... Nonmanufacturing......................  441 265  Truckdrivers, medium truck.......... Manufacturing.............................  Median*  10.67 10.27 10.67 10.67  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.10 and under 3.20  3.20  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00 10.40  10.80  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  11.20  9.40-10.67 7.79-11.03 10.34-10.67 10.67-10.67  -  _ -  _ -  _  _  -  -  7.97 7.15  8.28 6.87-10.27 6.87 6.87- 8.28  _ -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  1,498 212  9.91 8.08  10.67 9.00-10.67 7.59 7.59- 8.45  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  -  _ -  Truckdrivers, heavy truck............ Manufacturing.............................  573 259  10.24 10.09  10.67 10.67-10.88 10.88 10.05-10.88  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,569 619 1,950  10.13 9.80 10.23  16.67 9.40-10.75 11.03 8.21-11.03 10.67 10.34-10.67  -  -  -  -  -  Shippers........................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  502 196 306  8.22 7.23 8.85  8.66 7.43- 8.99 7.43 6.35- 8.30 8.68 8.66- 9.00  _  Receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  559 168 391  7.66 7.76 7.62  8.05 6.68- 8.68 7.91 7.03- 9.10 8.19 6.25- 8.68  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing.............................  424 364  7.03 6.80  6.78 6.17- 7.67 6.77 5.80- 7.46  Warehousemen............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,851 501 1,350  8.44 6.54 9.15  8.66 7.55-10.19 6.00 5.36- 7.69 8.89 8.66-10.19  Order fillers...................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  3,684 808 2,876  7.42 6.60 7.65  7.78 5.83- 8.80 6.27 5.09- 8.05 7.96 5.99- 8.80  Shipping packers.............................. Manufacturing............ ................ Nonmanufactunng......................  1,312 773 539  6.77 6.74 6.81  6.75 5.85- 7.96 6.78 6.03- 7.53 6.00 5.40- 8.33  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  5,437 1,638 3,799 2,449  8.68 7.32 9.26 10.54  Forklift operators.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,851 1,409 442  8.21 7.79 9.55  7.72 6.91- 9.40 7.53 6.90- 8.32 10.18 8.88-10.33  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)........................ Manufacturing.............................  234 123  8.23 7.70  8.85 7.55- 8.85 7.62 7.07- 8.32  Guards.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,969 390 2,579  4.29 6.93 3.89  3.36 3.20- 5.05 6.73 6.37- 7.66 3.25 3.15- 5.05  8.80 7.44 10.67 10.67  7.16-10.67 6.53- 8.48 7.96-10.67 10.67-10.67  11 11 -  44 44 -  23 23 "  14 9 5 -  11 _ 11 -  20 20  11 11  11 11  11 11  9  11 11  _  _  -  33 -  5 -  _  _  -  -  -  12 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  5  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  5  _  _  _  1  20  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  23 8 15  _  _  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  15  -  -  -  -  15  -  159 153 6  200 5 195  17 11 6  125 100 25  26 26 -  56 56 -  5 4 1  8 4 4  25 20 5  30 30  -  6 2 4  46 31 15  133 11 122  111 12 99  -  6  4  29  4  59 10 49  34 7  -  _  1 1  -  60  142  -  303  1024  583  141  -  299  1022  241  -  152  50 -  1  -  38  -  -  -  -  30 30  -  -  -  3  111 38 73  44 38 6  54 54  8  51 39 12  74 19 55  81 48 33  437 8 429  80  2  57  3  109 105 4  80  2  96 27 69  188 98 90  191 40 151  173 18 155  152 151 1  16 16  35 30 5  1067 87 980  144 113 31  151 35 116  669  148  120  669  64  120  33 18 15  33  69 37 32  124 44 80  98  191 158 33  145 139 6  146 132 14  101 101  58 2 56  51 12 39  100 100  12 12  26  98  104 9 95 -  64  181 117 64 -  129 88 41 -  203 143 60 -  379 317 62 52  204 78 126 -  422 150 272  260 88 172  268 171 97 15  216 135  2254 2242  18 18 -  _  -  27 27 -  15 14 1  124 124 -  39 39 -  303 302 1  353 327 26  77 71 6  156 3 153*  239 152 87  8 8  _  -  -  1 1  1 1  39 39  11 11  77 17 60  46 5 41  110 92 18  141 96 45  22 14 8  31 31  -  -  -  6  -  _  _  171  -  -  -  -  49 45 4  144 63 81  1  _  -  -  -  -  _  33  -  -  -  -  -  1 -  2 -  52 -  2 -  26 -  58 20 38 -  _  _  _  _  _  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  667  873  117  49 3 46  50 2 48  123 4 119  29 5 24  2  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  14 14  -  -  25 19  44 16  -  117  -  -  -  52 52  -  -  -  -  26 26  48 48  -  873  -  9 9  6  -  19 19  -  44  103 103  -  -  122  10 -  98 95 3  667  64 52  64 64  6  26  3 3  28 28  _  2  115 115  42  -  13 13  .  9 9  _  52  -  3 3  -  11  _  _  64 -  476 _  476  _  _  8 1 1  736  3594  92 13 79  _  -  1 1  53 21 32  _  2  26 26  15 12 3  -  1  72 72  3596  74 25 49  _  5  27 27  4  -  112 95  -  44  516 217 299  45 20 25  -  -  19 -  _  44  4  ~  5  171 19 152 6  55 25 30  _  9 9 -  254 100 154 24  _  -  1  339 82 257 28  29  _  9 9 -  314 5 309  _  _  -  170 164 6  4  -  171  152 125 27 -  _  20  -  125 30 95 -  6  -  1  -  37 22 15 -  10.80  -  101 101  -  327 322 5 5  231 81 150  10 10  44 44  -  -  173 156 17  42 28 14  204 72 132  79 76 3  -  13 13  31 25  1 1  106 1  22 22  -  80 78 2  37 36 1  12 2 10  -  20 20  616  20  616  20  -  169  -  26  -  -  216  2254  1  -  -  -  -  -  4  5 5 -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis., January 1980 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  3.10 and under 3.20  3.20  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00 10.40  10.80  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40 10.00  11.20  Guards, class 8............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,826 357 1,469  4.14 6.82 3.49  3.25 3.20- 4.25 6.73 6.37- 7.59 3.25 3.10- 3.25  388  -  56  38 2 36  82 4 78  19 5 14  4  38 17 21  20 5 15  92 92 -  96 96 -  16 14 2  31 31 -  78 78 "  4 3 1  12 2 10  _  -  824  3 3 -  4  -  388  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  8,185 1,716 6,469 264  4.82 6.32 4.42 7.33  4.50 6.12 4.20 7.48  165 165  399 3 396  455 43 412  1079 5 1074  779 13 766  -  -  -  -  -  954 14 940 9  543 49 494 5  1587 69 1518 11  543 251 292 7  171 117 54 6  493 436 57 5  168 105 63 12  375 331 44 43  232 136 96 68  22 15 7 7  74 13 61 61  97 83 14 14  40 33 7 7  3.785.543.727.10-  5.27 7.06 5.17 8.08  -  824  56  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  -  -  -  20 -  20  5 5 -  .  _  _ -  _  _  -  -  _  _  9  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  -  -  9 9  -  -  _  _  t  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wia., January 1980 Sex.* occupation, and Industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Boiler tenders....................................................................... Manufacturing...................................................................  Maintenance carpenters: Manufacturing..................................................................  82  8.95  Manufacturing..................................................................  409 370  10.31 10.16  Maintenance painters............................................................ Manufacturing..................................................................  86 54  9.46 9.27  528  9.65 9.59  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)........................................................................ Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles).................................................................. Nonmanufacturing........................................................... Public utilities Maintenance pipefitters.........................................................  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers 284 262  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4 8.59 8.67  Truckdrivers............................................................................ Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  6,558 1,289 5,269  10.00 9.48 10.12 10.65  Truckdrivers, light truck...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  441 265  7.97 7.15  Truckdrivers, medium truck................................................ Manufacturing...................................................................  1,489 212  9.90 8.08  Truckdrivers, heavy truck...................................................  573 259  10.24 10.09  969 856 113  8.82 8.74 9.39  1,184 73 1,111 1,042  9.98 9.00 10.05 10.11  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer................................................. Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  2,569 619 1,950  10.13 9.80 10.23  132 119  10.39 10.27  Shippers.................................................................................. Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  445 158 287  8.51 7.55 9.04  186 177  9.57 9.55  Receivers................................................................................  120  8.65  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  458 160 298  7.98 7.80 8.08  Manufacturing...................................................................  367 312  6.98 6.68  73  8.78  Manufacturing..................................................................  798 797  9.76 9.75  1,269  9.18  Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  430 111 319  8.92 9.70 8.65  2,731 421 2,310  8.01 7.69 8.07  Nonmanufacturing............................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  544 238  6.99 8.29  Manufacturing................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities..............................................................  1,511 3,616 2,436  7.41 9.39 10.56  Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing.....................................................  1,370 431  7.82 9.59  224 123  8.21 7.70  1,433 1,184  3.97 3.43  1,328  6.30  Shippers and receivers..........................................................  57 52  7.49  Order fillers............... ...................................... Manufacturing..................................................................  888 387 501  5.76 5.42 6.02  Shipping packers.................................................................... Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  495 217 278  5.85 6.21 5.57  Guards: Nonmanufacturing............................................................  365  3.49  263  3.27  Nonmanufacturing..........................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  See footnotes at end of tables.  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Power-truck operators (other than forklift).............................................................  Guards, class B.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing........................................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Guards, class B:  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis., selected periods Period®  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  117.3 128.0  116.4 127.7  114.9 126.7  117.2 129.4  116.9 129.5  116.4 125.7  115.6 125.5  114.3 126.0  117.3 128.7  119.0 130.8  117.6 129.1  117.2 129.7  o o  116.0 128.9  5.1 6.2 8.6 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.6 9.1  (•) (•) 8.4 6.5 5.5 7.3 8.5 9.7  5.9 5.6 7.8 9.9 8.2 6.8 7.6 10.3  6.8 6.4 9.2 8.1 8.7 8.2 8.3 10.4  6.8 6.1 9.3 7.7 8.9 8.1 8.1 10.8  4.2 5.4 7.7 7.9 8.1 7.1 8.7 8.0  <■) <•> 6.9 5.0 5.8 6.5 8.5 8.6  5.4 6.4 6.5 9.8 9.0 6.3 7.5 10.2  6.4 6.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.1 8.5 9.7  6.3 6.6 9.3 10.1 8.3 9.5 8.7 9.9  5.5 6.7 9.0 7.6 7.7 8.4 8.5 9.8  o o 10.2 7.8 5.0 8.1 8.4 10.7  o o o o o o o o  7.1 5.8 9.2 6.7 9.2 7.5 7.9 11.1  Indexes (January 1977 = 100): Percent increases:  January 1979 to January 1980.........................................................................  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing  All industries  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for office clerical occupations, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis., January 1980 Office clerical occupation being compared  Occupation which equals 100  Tran­ Stenographers scrib­ Typists File clerks Secretaries ing ma­ Gener­ chine Class Class Class Class Class Class Class Class Class Class Senior C A B A B C D E al typists A B  Secretaries, class A............................................................ 100 100 Secretaries, class B............................................................ 115 100 Secretaries, class C............................................................ 131 117 131 116 100 Secretanes. class D............................................................ 147 100 138 117 118 Secretanes, class E............................................................ 149 100 128 118 115 o Stenographers, senior........................................................ 138 119 100 134 124 121 111 Stenographers, general...................................................... 166 107 106 100 124 115 142 132 Transcribing-machine typists............................................. 162 102 100 118 120 106 c) 141 124 Typists, class A................................................................... 170 117 120 118 118 122 159 140 130 Typists, class B................................................................... 173 97 110 106 99 109 o 146 127 o File clerks, class A.............................................................. 115 136 123 113 115 118 156 138 File clerks, class B.............................................................. 170 130 131 o 176 168 146 o c) File clerks, class C.............................................................. 229 115 120 122 129 129 186 166 146 144 Messengers........................................................................ 93 97 119 108 105 97 130 117 Switchboard operators....................................................... 147 Switchboard operator113 101 105 127 109 126 123 143 receptionists.......... ......................................................... 163 o o o c) 80 97 99 160 Order clerks, class A.......................................................... 116 c) o 92 110 103 <*> 130 139 Order clerks, class B.......................................................... 150 93 87 91 92 88 119 104 102 128 Accounting clerks, class A................................................. 102 110 102 100 123 121 104 153 139 Accounting clerks, class B................................................. Bookkeeping-machine c) « o o o c) o o o operators, class A........................................................... Bookkeeping-machine (•> 0 c) c) c) o c) c) o operators, class B........................................................... 0 0 c) o o o c) c) o Billing-machine billers......................................................... 88 84 84 104 96 87 94 119 Payroll clerks...................................................................... 130 96 89 107 102 100 94 142 126 113 Key entry operators, class A............................................. 107 103 105 145 128 125 114 114 Key entry operators, class B............................................. 155 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings within establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the column heading are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the table stub at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, a value of 122 indicates that earnings for the occupation directly above in the heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Switch­ Bookkeeping- Ma­ Key entry Accounting Switch­ board Order clerks machine chine clerks operators Mes­ billers Payroll board opera­ operators sen­ clerks opera­ tors gers Class Class tors -recep­ Class Class Class Class Class Class Billing A B B A B A B tionists A  •  100 88 104 110 102 89  100 123 o 120 105  100 o 106 86  100 82 70  100 83  100 106 79 95 91 105  100 96 93 85 101  100 137 106 123  100 84 103  100 121  100  83  c)  o  c)  o  c)  87 102  91 81 89 79 94  71 82  86 67 81 75 86  c)  o  o  0  92 74 94 81 92  101 o  o  w  81 71 o  c) o o 119 92 <•) c) 91 (■) o o o 110 <*> 87 <■> o (•> c) 70 90 85 95 84 100 75 90 75 60 110 105 81 66 80 96 88 94 86 98 123 78 89 106 99 108 102 99 113 96 the left in the stub. Similarly, a value of 85 indicates earnings for the earnings for the occupation in the stub. See appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables. «  14  100  c) 100 o o 100 o 97 100 86 o o o « 105 100 88 o o 125 119 100 99 o o occupation in the heading are 15 percent below  o  Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for professional and technical occupations, Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Minn.-Wls., January 1980 Professional and technical occupation being compared Occupation which equals 100  Computer systems analysts (business) Class A  Class B  Class C  Computer programmers (business) Class A  Computer systems analysts (business), class A.......................................... 100 Computer systems analysts (business), class B................................................ 120 100 Computer systems analysts (business), class C................................................ 143 124 100 Computer programmers (business), class A................................................ 113 103 82 100 Computer programmers (business), class B................................................ 132 117 94 133 Computer programmers (business), class C................................................ 149 134 o 165 Computer operators, class A.................................... 173 149 132 160 Computer operators, class B.................................... 199 172 148 191 Computer operators, class C.................................... 234 205 168 252 Peripheral equipment operators............................................................. o 0 256 Computer data librarians.......................................... 238 180 167 209 Drafters, class A................................................. 134 116 99 120 Drafters, class B........................................................ 162 142 122 139 Drafters, class C........................................................ 196 172 145 180 Electronics technicians, class B................................................................... o o « o Registered industrial nurses.................................. 148 123 111 126 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  n  Class B  Computer operators  Peripheral equipment operators  Computer data librarians  Class C  Class A  Class B  128 129 151 188  100 108 124 155  100 124 148  100 120  181 178 100 121 148  («) 149 87 106 131  129 131 79 98 120  112 119 66 84  92 («) 59 70  100 119 o c) 0  119 105  C) 96  (•) 93  (•) 79  («) 69  c) c)  Class C  Drafters Class A  Class B  Class C  100 61 77 84  100 122 148  100 123  100  o 69  120 117  89 95  o 77  Electronics Registered technicians industrial nurses Class B  100  100 o  100  Table A-10. Average pay relationships within establishments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis., January 1980 Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupation being compared Mechanics  Occupation which equals 100 Carpenters  Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Maintenance carpenters........ Maintenance electricians..... Maintenance painters............ Maintenance machinists........ Maintenance mechanics (machinery)........................ Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)................. Maintenance pipefitters......... Millwrights.............................. Maintenance trades helpers.. Machine-tool operators (toolroom)........................... Tool and die makers............. Stationary engineers............. Boiler tenders........................  100 90 101 98  100 109 105  100 98  100  113  100  105  100  104 99 100 113  112 102 103  101 96 99  107  98 96  o  o  103  116 99 110 109  103  o  109 105  c)  104 101  Pipefitters  Millwrights  Trades helpers  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  100 C) 97 <•)  100 104  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  100 102  100  100  ci  101 0  112 94 100 102  o  100 102  122  100 96 101 «  99 92 99 95  97 96 102 98  <■> 97 103 102  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Motor vehicles  15  o  100 123  100  c) o  80  98 105  o o o  c)  Table A-11. Average pay relationships within establishments for material movement and custodial occupations, Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980 Material movement and custodial occupation being compared Truckdrivers  Occupation which equals 100 Light truck Truckdrivers, light truck................................................................... Truckdrivers. medium truck............................................................ Truckdrivers. heavy truck................................................................ Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer............................................................. Shippers........................................................................................... Receivers......................................................................................... Shippers and receivers................................................................... Warehousemen............................................................................... Shipping packers............................................................................ Material handling laborers............... .............................................. Forklift operators............................................................................ Power-truck operators Guards, class B............................................................................... Janitors, porters, and  100 100  o 94 o 102 104  o  115 117 117 103  o c)  Medium truck  100 0 99 102 105 0 107 110 114 104 99 (•> 133  Heavy truck  Receivers  Shippers and receivers  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)  Guards Class B  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  100  o o  107 121 107  o o 107 105  o c)  115 133 137 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tractortrailer  Shippers  100 109  o 112 111 114 123 115 106  c)  127 148  100 100  100 <•) 107 105 112 113 99  o 107 101 104 106 101  102 121  o o 123  121  16  100 « 120 112 102  100 99 104 109 99  o o  c) o  o  126  116  100 105 103 97  100 98 91  100 97  100  113  o  101  o  100 132  101 121  100 108  100  107  101  119  116  104  107  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments In Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-WI»., January 1980  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly e amings (in doll ars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  4,513 3,215 1,298 262  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  234.50 231.50 242.00 305.50  226.00 226.00 227.50 308.50  207.00207.00206.00268.50-  253.50 250.50 267.00 347.00  Secretaries, class A.....................  330 169 161 56  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  295.00 296.00 294.50 348.00  289.00 290.00 284.00 359.00  264.00276.00240.00308.50-  322.00 316.00 336.00 398.00  948 634 314 70  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  256.00 256.50 254.50 338.00  252.50 255.50 238.00 339.00  230.00239.50213.00320.00-  273.00 272.00 278.50 362.00  1,863 1,540 323  39.5 39.5 39.5  223.50 222.00 232.50  219.50 206.50- 236.00 219.50 206.50- 233.50 224.50 201.50- 260.00  769 457 312  400 40.0 39.5  217.00 214.00 221.50  214.00 207.00 217.00  191.00- 234.50 190.00- 234.50 196.00- 234.50  218 56  39.5 39.0  199.00 210.50  194.00 207.00  183.50- 208.00 177.00- 226.00  967 660 307 195  39 5 39.5 39.5 40.0  212.50 189.50 262.00 308.00  190.00 177.50184.00 174.50253.50 185.50332.00 269.00-  589 105  39.5 39.5  204.00 257.00  189.50 207.00  378 176 202 146  39.5 40 0 40.0  225.50 180.50 264.50 296.00  195.00 170.00- 290.50 172.50 164.50- 187.50 269.00 195.50- 343.50 297.50 253.50- 349.00  77  39.0  193.50 195.00  188.00 188.50  167.50- 213.00 167.50- 213.00  825 332 493 221  39.5 39 5 39.5 40.0  185.50 184.50 186.00 218.50  169.00 165.50 174.00 197.00  155.50- 197.00  411 240 171  39.5 40 0 39.5  191.50 192.00 190.50  169.00 167.00 169.00  158.00- 212.50 159.00- 204.00 155.50- 217.50  Public utilities..........................  404 82 322 165  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  179.50 165.50 183.50 211.50  170.50 163.50 174.00 197.00  153.00149.50153.00186.00-  Nonmanufacturing......................  305 57 248  39.5 40.0 39.0  181.00 170.50 183.50  157.50 163.50 155.50  137.00- 183.50 148.00- 193.50 137.00- 175.00  Nonmanufacturing......................  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing.............................  Public utilities..........................  106  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  210  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  210  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  1 1  33 11 22  1  1 2 2 9  9 9  23 21  6  180.50- 203.50 179.50- 357.00  2 9 3  20 18  285 193 92 2  11  7  41  90  12  197.00 175.50 197.00 217.50  29  52 11  29 39  47  24  563 414 149 19  1002 747 255 14  640 482 158 13  392 291 101 34  245 162 83 32  141 83 58 40  77 40 37 28  39 14 25 24  30 6 24 22  18 3 15 13  19 3 16 13  1 1 1  “ “  4 “ 4 4  15 1 14 ~  25 3 22 -  28 9 19 1  59 43 16 3  77 55 22 3  36 20 16 5  33 23 10 7  16 10 6 5  9 2 7 6  9 1 8 8  18 2 16 13  1 _ 1 1  “ 29 26 "  45 21 24 ~  59 32 27 “  171 110 61 1  244 197 47 1  187 156 31 3  82 73 9 4  41 29 12 12  28 8 20 16  17 3 14 14  17 17 16  5 5 3  1 1 -  -  33 24 9  103 80 23  176 140 36  308 272 36  319 287 32  539 468 71  213 181 32  69 43 26  66 22 44  17 13 4  10 5 5  3 1 2  2 2 -  2 2 -  -  _ -  18 9  58 44 14  100 61 39  67 31  83 51 32  97 43 54  155 86 69  73 57 16  38 19 19  7 2 5  37 14 23  -  -  -  -  -  _  11 9  30  50  30  48 10  18 8  20 12  2 2  3 1  1  -  -  3 3  -  -  -  _  92 68 24  152 127 25  215 183 32  110  37 34 3 -  38 23 T5 13  29 15 14 12  15 8 7 7  36 7 29 29  11  92 18 5  86 68 18 7  11 11  -  8 8 8  74 74 74  19 19 19  2 2 2  -  _ _ -  36 17  98 10  189 21  82 4  66 3  29 “  16 1  11 4  9 1  6 2  2 2  -  25 25  15 15  -  -  -  56 49  54 39 15  26 15 11  28 14  20 5 15  4  7  8 5 3 "  22 8 14 13  18 8 10 9  6 6 6  30 3 27 27  9 9 9  8 8 8  49 49 49  4 4 4  2 2 2  -  -  16 14  2 2  11  10  3  7  9 9  1  11  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  59 17 42 31  75 12 63 57  26 15 11  23 4 19 15  18 2 16 12  16 1 15 15  20 20 19  71 49  -  2 2 2  6 6 6  -  -  -  -  14 2 12  13 11  12 1 11  15 15  53 49 4  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  6  -  -  -  6 6  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10  17 10  153  130  ~  11  51  34  535 415 120 5  17  w  1  355 254 101 2  18  6  13  7  1  1  22 22  86 52 34  84 52 32  43 33 10  18 8 10  14 6 8  14 12  67 9 58  44 15 29 13  45 18 27 15  39  12 3 9  9 2  5  4  5  18  32 30  61 6 55 54  7  5 5  4 4  5 5  18 18  -  1 1  67 11 56  21 6 15  12  5  3  8 6 2  -  1  14  2  19  9  1  8 3 5  1  8  10 6 4  1  14  2  19  9  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  131 93 38 '  “ • “  216.50 199.00 348.00 355.50  -  17  2  1  2  1  _  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments In Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Public utilities......................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dol ars) of -  Middle range*  120 and under 130  210  200  190  220  210  200  190  180  180  170  160  150  140  170  160  150  140  130  280  260  240  220  280  260  240  300  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  -  -  1  1  17  9  -  -  -  -  1  13 13  1 1  2  -  -  -  -  7  15  12  5  -  “  -  “  15  12  5  1  12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  72  -  -  -  40.0  275.00  319.00  195.00- 351.50  _  1  1  _  3  2  3  6  1  7  2  1  117 88  39.5 39.5  173.50 172.00  150.00 140.50  130.50- 193.50 129.00- 160.50  25 25  21 18  10 8  19 14  8 3  2 2  2 -  4 ~  2 ~  1 1  6 “  -  133 112  39.0 38.5  148.50 148.50  149.50 149.50  137.00- 159.00 137.00- 159.00  17 14  32 28  18 15  48 42  10 9  8 4  _ -  -  “  "  “  ”  -  130.50- 178.50 141.50- 165.50 129.00- 196.00  56 7 49  63 13 50  55 40 15  22 16 6  25 16 9  13 8 5  11 8 3  7 3 4  1  5  -  1  2  -  1  18 18  2 2  23 3 20  24 11 13  21 15 6  5 4 1  10 2 8  10 4 6  6 2 4  12 8  2 ”  5  1  4  11  16  17  1  4  17  _  2  4  1  1  -  15 15  4  5  39.5 39.5 39.0  170.00 154.50 179.50  145.00 149.50 137.00  157 55 102  39.5 39.5 39.5  196.00 196.00 196.00  176.00 156.00- 218.50 179.00 170.00- 218.50 167.50 150.50- 218.50  79  40.0  183.00  178.50  Switchboard operator-  Key entry operators, class A.......  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  55  300 114 186  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufactunng.....................  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  . -  163.50- 200.00  ' -  10 9  7 4  6 6  “  3 ■  5 5  7 4  11 11  12 12  4  5  -  72  -  -  -  5 -  6 3  ■  8 4  5 1  "  -  3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  273 95 178 30  273 146 127 18  277 127 150 60  288 118 170 56  242 84 158 65  306 130 176 51  171 48 123 69  196 21 175 149  192 27 165 157  8  7  95  219  27  3  -  44 4 40 -  74 23 51 -  140 91 49 2  143 78 65 7  125 76 49 ”  128 61 67 23  188 76 112 24  110 45 65 28  110 16 94 73  144 22 122 117  8  3  -  229 65 164 -  278 78 200 6  197 70 127 30  133 55 78 16  134 49 85 53  163 42 121 56  114 23 91 42  118 54 64 27  61  86  48  -  -  4  2  -  -  58 41  81 76  43 40  6 1 5 -  9 1 8 -  24 8 16  15 7 8 -  50 19 31 -  18 4 14 “  40 7 33  18 7  16  21 13  26  8  8  6  8  18  -  -  20 11  6 1  66 8 58  66 25 41  126 75 51  206 134 72 5  189 103 86 4  178 115 63 6  116 75 41 6  60 44 16 6  69 24 45 14  37 1 36 6  36  17  3  86  15  -  31 28  8  3 3  58 58  15 15  -  7  24 8 16  66 44 22  127 80 47  148 87 61  152 112 40  91 66 25  47 36 11  48 13 35 8  29 1 28  30  13  -  79 28  15  -  217.00 164.00- 361.00 309.50 237.00- 361.00 154.00 140.00- 168.00  17 17  _ ■-  20 20  19 19  20 4 16  13 10 3  15 9 6  12 9 3  151 133  40.0 40.0  295.00 309.00  322.00 234.50- 361.00 361.00 274.00- 361.00  _  _ -  -  3 -  4 4  9 6  10 4  100 77  40.0 39.5  166.00 152.50  154.00 150.00  140.00- 184.00 140.00- 163.00  17 17  -  .  20 20  16 16  16 16  4 -  3,380 1,030 2,350 1,014  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  219.00 197.50 228.50 286.50  201.00 171.50- 246.00 194.50 172.50- 217.50 207.00 170.00- 277.00 284.50 228.50- 360.00  7 2 5 -  67 20 47 -  154 45 109 -  241 67 174 -  334 94 240 6  1,570 498 1,072 621  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  254.00 214.00 273.00 321.00  230.00 198.00- 290.50 207.00 191.00- 227.00 266.50 211.00- 354.00 349.50 272.00- 370.50  -  -  1 1 -  10 10 -  1,792 514 1,278 393  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  188.50 182.50 191.00 232.00  177.00 159.50- 208.50 175.00 160.00- 201.50 178.50 159.00- 214.00 217.50 197.00- 277.00  7 2 5 -  67 20 47  151 43 108 -  295 86 209 51  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  226.00 218.50 229.00 320.00  205.50 184.00- 261.00 205.00 184.00- 256.00 206.50 184.00- 265.00 341.50 268.00- 377.50  3 -  3  1,291 646 645 156  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  201.50 195.00 208.00 286.00  188.00 172.50186.50 174.50190.00 168.00288.50 235.50-  210.00 202.00 232.00 340.00  4  17  876 486 39C 106  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  211.00 199.50 225.50 309.00  194.50 191.0C 200.00 340.00  179.50179.50180.00267.50-  217.50 204.OC 258.5C 340.0C  -  12  11 4  243.50 295.00 160.00  17  '  “  40.0 40.0 39.5  *  6  11 11  251 156 95  -  ~  -  J__ 18  -  12 2  27 27  8 8 7  91  8 8  217  27  217  27 27  1  18 18  -  28 15  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workera-large establishments in Minneapolla-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wla., January 1960 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Key entry operators, class B........ Public utilities..........................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  403 148 255 50  Average weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  Weekly e«arnings (in doll ars)1  Mean*  180.00 179.00 180.50 237.50  Median*  172.50 174.50 170.50 223.50  Number of workers receiving straighi-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  154.00163.50149.50193.00-  193.00 183.00 194.00 284.50  120 and under 130 4  -  -  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  210  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  210  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  17  59 8  42 17 25  -  19  60 31 29  75 50 25 5  37 12 25 4  26 3 23 6  23 7 16 6  11 6 5 4  21 11 10 6  8 8 2  6 3 3 3  4 4 4  3 3 3  7 7 7  _  _  -  -  -  -  . -  -  _  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments In Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours* workers (standard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)*  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  140 and  180  160 Computer systems analysts (business)..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,270 736 534 110  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  422.50 434.50 405.50 438.00  424.50 383.50- 467.00 440.50 402.50- 471.50 402.00 364.50- 454.00 440.50 387.50- 488.50  675 444 231 48  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  459.00 465.00 447.50 481.50  461.00 462.50 454.00 486.50  431.50440.00418.00453.50-  487.00 486.50 486.50 513.50  Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  478 231 247 53  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  390.00 403.50 378.00 408.50  390.50 407.00 374.50 417.50  364.50379.50352.50351.00-  420.50 428.00 403.00 447.50  Computer systems analysts (business), class C................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  117 61 56  39.5 40.0 39.5  343.00 333.50 353.50  1,316 808 508 168  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  349.00 362.50 327.00 385.50  342.50 356.50 317.00 382.00  298 147 151  39.5 39.5 39.0  401.00 429.00 373.50  413.00 336.00­ 451.50 429.50 402.50- 462.00 351.00 308.00- 442.50  Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  657 420 237 92  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  351.00 364.50 326.50 375.00  354.50 364.50 317.00 367.00  Computer programmers (business), class C................... Nonmanufacturing......................  353 120  39.5 39.0  937 534 403 110  Computer systems analysts (business), class A................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.......................... Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................. Public utilities.......................... Computer programmers (business), class A................... Nonmanufacturing......................  Nonmanufacturing..................... Computer operators, class A......  Computer operators, class B......  Computer operators, class C...... Manufacturing............................ |  220  220  200  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  640  154 102 52  161 98 63  137 104 33  161 120 41  “  1 1 -  1 1 “  2 2 ■  5 2 3 ■  8 4 4 ■  34 6 28 3  33 14 19 2  38 14 24  71 32 39  109 42 67  124 51 73  .  _  _  _  _  _  1  4  4  5  9  29  63  -  -  ■  ■  -  -  1  4  4  5  4 ” 4  8  18  23  .  2 2 '  3 -  2 2  14 14 3  12 5 7  20 3 17  53 21 32  86 32 54  77 36 41  87 56 31  62 43 19  25  16  8  1  2 2 —  5 4 1  16 6 10  17 9 8  13 11 2  14 11 3  14 9 5  18  11  -  5  -  92  107  35 17 18  12 6 6  8  3  165 119 46 18  34 17 17 7  12  18 3 15 9  1 1 1  183  -  122  61 27  145 40  “  . -  _ ■  342.50 306.50- 383.00 338.00 310.50- 361.50 368.50 306.50- 395.00  .  . -  1 1  1 1 -  _  -  391.00 398.50 365.00 443.00  -  -  4  7  -  -  4 “  7 "  32 7 25  61 7 54 -  87 26 61 5  103 41 62 19  159 101 58 14  186 124 62 15  156 118 38 15  135 111 24 15  88 73 15 8  95 74 21 17  71 50 21 14  52 24 28 21  36 24 12  38 23 15 13  6 5 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  5  6  17  17  “  “  ~  5  6  17  17  11 7 4  16 11 5  34 24 10  38 26 12  25 16  -  17 11 6  37 20  -  34 6 28  35 21 14  6 5 1  384.50 391.00 360.50 424.00  . “  . -  4 4 ”  18 18 ”  12 1 11 '  30 12 18 '  56 17 39 14  64 34 30 5  70 44 26 7  110 80 30 13  106 88 18 13  68 58 10  57 48 9  33 24 9  15 4 11  11  _  3 2 1  301.50 268.00  313.00 269.00- 330.00 263.00 242.00- 282.00  . “  4 4  3 3  14 7  42 38  51 37  30 6  74 11  82 8  29 2  18 2  2  4  -  -  -  -  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  243.50 233.50 256.00 312.5C  231.50 225.00 239.00 293.0C  207.00202.50211.50275.50-  268.00 257.50 278.00 383.50  1 1 -  39 18 21 1  144 104 40 1  192 121 71 3  157 88 69 7  116 78 38 2  125 60 65 38  50 23 27 4  27 18 9 7  22 12 10  18 7 11  6 3 3  27  3 ” 3  -  1  26  9 “ 9 “  -  272 133 139 32  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  280.00 275.00 285.00 341.00  271.00 247.50- 304.50 268.5C 254.50- 299.00 277.00 241.00- 319.00 342.50 308.00- 369.50  _  _  21 8 13 -  28 6 22  48 25 23 1  57 38 19 3  40 21 19 2  21 13 8 6  18 11 7 1  5  6  9  3  -  -  4 4  12  -  9 9  2 2  5 5  9 “  3 3  475 257 218 69  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  240.50 232.(X 250.00 312.50  230.00 213.00- 256.00 228.0C 213.00- 243.50 231.50 211.50- 277.00 277.00 277.00- 383.50  68 22 46 35  9 2 7 2  2 1 1 1  3  6  1  21  -  190 144  40.0 40.0  198.0C 198.0C  192.00 191.50  306.50­ 322.00269.00324.50-  316.50338.00288.00335.50-  184.00- 207.00 184.50- 205.5C  1  -  3  ■  11 2 9  41 16 25  125 79 46  121 78 43 3  66 52 14 1  28 16  99  46 34  8  2  6A  1  “ 3 3  2 2  1 1  1  20  6  6  3  14  3  1  ~  ■  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  240  -  Computer programmers  Computer operators.........................  200  180  160  21 21  -  -  1  -  1 1  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large (  Occupation and industiy division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly e amings (in doll ars)1  Mean1  Median1  Middle range1  Peripheral equipment operators......  53  40.0  219.00  222.00 201.00- 240.00  Drafters............................................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,158 973 185 81  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  308.00 305.00 325.00 340.50  303.50 300.50 253.00- 349.00 330.00 276.00- 370.00 352.00 277.00- 383.50  Drafters, class A........................... Manufacturing.............................  493 435  40.0 40.0  361.00 357.50  359.00 331.00- 389.50 356.00 326.00- 386.50  Drafters, class B........................... Manufacturing.............................  325 270 55  40.0 40.0 40.0  296.50 286.50 346.50  291.00 269.00- 316.50 284.50 340.00 322.00- 380.00  Drafters, class C...........................  Registered industrial nurses........... Manufacturing.............................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  297 264  40.0 40.0  243.00 239.00  241.50 230.00- 253.00 240.50 226.50- 248.50  113 88  39.5 40.0  312.00 313.00  314.00 290.00- 327.50 314.50 297.00- 327.50  Number ol workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of — 140 and under 160 1  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  600  640  10  1  8  17  9  4  2  1  -  1  55 52 3 “  71 64 7 2  183 159 24 5  142 116 26 15  97 86 11 -  121 112 9 3  121 104 17 6  88 61 27 15  103 84 19 9  68 56 12 6  41 32 9 3  26 17 9 5  10 8 2 2  15 13 2 2  5 1 4 4  ~ “  -  20 20  21 21  49 49  83 81  76 58  93 79  61 56  38 32  23 17  9 8  15 13  5 1  8 8  40 40 "  76 71 5  63 60 3  65 60 5  37 23 14  12 3 9  10 5 5  7 7  3  3  1  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  3  3  1  -  -  _  132 119  30 25  13 5  7 3  1  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  1  18 12  22 15  30 26  20 20  16 14  2  1 1  2  -  -  -  -  -  " “  -  -  6 6  50 50  -  -  58 56  21  _ _  _  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments in Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis., January 1980  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Office occupations men 68  40.0  324.00  Office occupations women Secretaries: Public utilities...................................................  39.5 40.0  243.00 305.00  Secretaries, class A: Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  158 53  39.5 40.0  292.50 345.50  Secretaries, class B:  325  39.5  234.50  162.00 15? 50  Computer operators, class A: Nonmanufacturing...............................................  90  39.5  288.00  Computer operators, class B: Manufacturing......................................................  157  39.5  232.50  110 90  39.5 40.0  198.50 198.00  937 780 157  40.0 40.0 40.0  314.50  429 372  40.0 39.5  363.50 360.00  271 218 53  40.0 40.0 40.0  298.50  218 187  40.0 40.0  243.50 238.50  Computer systems analysts (business): Nonmanufacturing...............................................  119  39.5  370.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class A: Nonmanufacturing...............................................  50  39.0  401.00  56  39.5  356.00  161 41  39.0 40.0  307.00 368.00  60  39.0  375.00  Public utilities...................................................  26  39.0 40.0  310.50 364.00  Computer programmers (business), class C............................................  116  39.5  291.00  40.0 40.0  266.00 284.50  92  40.0  907  39.5  194.00  423  39.5  211.00  Accounting clerks, class B....................................  1,464  39.5 39.5  182.50 179.50  250 78 172  39.5 40.0 39.5  216.50 216.00 217.00  254.50 338.00  323  39.5  232.50  Key entry operators: Nonmanufacturing................................................  530  39.5  194.50  768 457 311  40.0 40.0 39.5  217.00 214.00 221.50  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities....................................................  336 214 50  39.5 39.5 40.0  180.50 180.50 237.50  201 56  39.5 39.0  199.50 210.50  335 173  39.5 39.5  211.00 180.50  Professional and technical occupations - men  106 77  39.5 39.0  193.50 195.00  732 320 412  39.5 39.5 39.5  184.00 184.50 184.00  394 233 161  39.5 40.0 39.5  191.50 192.00 190.50  77  39.5  Drafters...................................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Drafters, class C...................................................  927 406 86  39.5 39.5 40.0  429.00 416.00 448.50  Computer systems analysts 41  39.5 39 5 40.0  464.00 461.00 490.00  322 186 38  39.5 39.5 40.0  391.50 385.00 416.50  522  Computer systems analysts Public utilities....................................................  165.00 Public utilities....................................................  112  38.5  148 50 148.50  211  39.0  149.50  Computer programmers (business), class A............................................. Manufacturing....................................................... Computer programmers  39.5  196.50  79  40.0  183.00  183 91 92  40.0 40.0 39.5  214.00 268.00 160.00  348.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class B: Computer programmers (business):  Computer systems analysts  54  337.50  Professional and technical occupations - women  Computer systems analysts  A  Switchboard operatorPublic utilities....................................................  83  39.5  354.00  876 339 127  39.5 39.5 40.0  358.50 337.00 391.50  238 123 115  39.5 39.5 39.5  407.50 432.50 380.50  415 141 66  39.5 39.5 40.0  359.00 339.00 379.50  Computer operators: Computer operators, class C................................ Manufacturing......................................................  70 54  40.0 40.0  199.00 198.50  221 83  39.5 39.0  306.50 274.00  Registered industrial nurses.................................... Manufacturing.....................................................  96 72  39.5 39.5  312.50 313.00  Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer operators: Manufacturing......................................................  91  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Accounting clerks, class A:  File clerks:  Manufacturing......................................................  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  39.5 40.0  Typists, class B:  ~  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  70  Stenographers:  . i r Nonmanufacturing................................................  of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  Secretaries, class C:  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Number of workers  Accounting clerks: 1,164 258  Average (mean*)  Average (mean*)  Average (mean*)  22  Computer programmers Computer programmers (business), class B:  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers-large establishments in Minneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)* Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  148 80 68 36  9.13 8.90 9.41 8.82  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing.............................  316 276  10.49 10.31  10.26 9.38-11.39 10.26 9.38-11.39  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing.............................  81 53  9.34 9.25  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing.............................  387 376  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  537 460 77  9.10 9.10 8.74 8.62  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Under 6.00  6.00 and under 6.20  8.60- 9.10 8.57- 9.10 8.60-11.06 8.60- 8.74  -  6.20  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.00  7.20  7.40  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.00  7.20  7.40  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00 10.40  ~  “  2 2 -  2 2  -  -  10.40 10.80 11.20 11.60 12.00 10.80  11.20  11.60 12.00  12.40 12.80  12.40 12.80 13.20  2 2 “  5 5 ~  13 4 9 ~  41 9 32 32  48 45 3 1  4 3 1 1  4 2 2 -  2 2 _ -  3 2 1 1  17 2 15 -  4  1  4  1 1  -  -  -  15 10  1  18 18  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  '  3 3  2 2  4 4  14 14  67 67  37 34  69 69  3 3  8 6  33 33  41 12  9.10 8.72- 9.78 9.10 9.02- 9.78  -  -  1  -  -  '  '  “  4 “  7 3  12 6  23 23  1 1  17 16  5 1  _ -  8 2  2  1  9.66 9.58  9.88 9.34- 9.88 9.88 9.34- 9.88  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  2 2  11 11  9 9  36 36  100 100  188 188  2 2  26 26  1 1  -  -  9.41 9.38 9.61  9.56 8.89- 9.88 9.32 8.95- 9.84 9.99 8.31- 9.99  -  24 9 15  19 17 2  64 62 2  135 130 5  26 26 -  167 133 34  58 58 -  _  16 16  15  _ -  -  15  -  -  -  21 21 21  -  -  -  -  -  -  .  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  270 235 185  9.80 9.80 9.88  10.05 8.64-10.65 10.05 8.64-10.65 10.05 8.64-10.55  5 5  -  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  132 119  10.39 10.27  10.21 10.21-11.15 10.21 10.21-11.15  -  -  Millwrights............................... Manufacturing.............................  162 153  9.48 9.44  9.10 9.10- 9.83 9.10 9.10- 9.83  -  Maintenance trades helpers............  51  7.68  7.81  7.81- 7.81  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing.............................  53 50  8.88 8.86  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing........................  536 535  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Boiler tenders............................. Manufacturing.............................|   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  "  10.00  “  1  —  “  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  9.14 8.95- 9.21 9.14 8.67- 9.28  -  10.03 10.03  9.95 9.90- 9.98 9.95 9.90- 9.98  -  218 75 143  9.23 9.88 8.89  9.31 8.72- 9.97 9.98 9.47-10.50 8.77 8.59- 9.56  70 50  8.96 9.50  9.16 8.31- 9.78 9.39 9.16-10.20  -  -  “  -  '  -  ~  -  -  -  2 ~  60 55 55  17 15 14  11 2 “  15 15 -  52 45 43  73 71 51  8 _ -  -  -  -  ~  —  7 7  4 4  _ “  3 3  _ -  70 70  3 3  40 32  -  1  1 1  ■  “  ~  ~  -  6 6  84 84  21 21  15 15  9 -  -  24 24  -  -  -  -  -  6  -  -  -  -  -  42  3  -  -  '  -  -  ~  -  7 7  4 4  2 2  24 24  15 12  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  32 32  388 388  18 18  71 71  1 1  24 24  1 -  -  -  16 16 -  5 5  6 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  10  -  13 9 4  11  -  ■  “  -  ”  ”  1 1  -  -  -  23  ■—  “  1 1  “  28 4 24  47 6 41  17 17  30 13 17  50 26 24  9 5 4  -  13  5 5  15 15  8 8  6 6  10 10  3  -  _ 3 3  -  5  6 -  -  -  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers-large establishments In Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls., January 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.10 and u  3.40  3.20  3.80  3.60  3.40  4.00  3.80  3.60  4.40  4.00  4.80  4.40  5.60  5.20  4.80  6.00  5.60  5.20  6.40  6.00  10.00 10.40 10.80  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  6.80  9.20  9.60  10.00 10.40 10.80 11.20 385 385  -  127  -  -  78 78 -  190 190 190  -  Truckdrivers..................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  916 684  9.75 9.83  10.28 9.38-10.67 10.67 9.38-10.67  -  -  -  -  -  3 3  -  5 5  -  1 -  3 -  93 80  4 -  33 6  7 2  37 28  32 32  38 21  44 44  231 78  Truckdrivers, light truck...............  223  8.85  10.27 6.87-10.27  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  89  -  4  2  -  1  -  -  .  1  22 6 -  5 _ -  8 6 6  25 25 24  15 15 -  _  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......... Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  344 320 220  10.15 10.31 10.46  10.67 10.28-10.75 10.67 10.28-10.75 10.67 10.67-10.75  -  -  -  -  -  5 -  Shippers........................................... Manufacturing.............................  101 57  7.57 6.95  7.41 5.80- 8.43 7.03 5.80- 8.30  Receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  213 79 134  7.51 8.33 7.02  7.49 6.75- 9.19 8.38 7.03- 9.43 7.49 5.69- 8.97  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing.............................  101 69  8.38 8.11  8.51 7.76- 8.77 8.24 7.76- 8.77  Warehousemen................................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  646 143 503 92  6.89 7.21 9.37 8.55  Order fillers...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,065 443 622  6.47 6.93 6.15  6.27 4.45- 8.05 6.62 6.27- 8.05 4.90 3.85- 9.87  -  4  -  171  Shipping packers.............................. Manufacturing.............................  689 616  6.73 6.92  6.75 6.03- 7.05 6.78 6.03- 7.36  -  -  -  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,586 991 595  7.72 7.32 8.38  7.63 6.19- 8.51 7.48 6.17- 8.48 8.80 7.33-10.18  2  10  2  -  -  -  -  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10 2  69 4  25 5  8.84 7.55 10.18 8.79  Forklift operators.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  819 578 241  8.25 7.67 9.64  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)........................ Manufacturing.............................  116 110  7.69 7.66  7.62 7.07- 8.28 7.56 7.07- 8.09  Guards............................................. Manufacturing............................. Public utilities.........................  1,087 383 35  5.28 6.95 9.40  5.27 3.15- 6.73 6.73 6.37- 7.75 9.50 8.75- 9.50  Guards, class A........................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  126 93  6.90 6.47  6.66 6.21- 8.13 6.66 5.74- 6.66  443 350 93  6.73 6.84 6.31  6.73 6.37- 7.63 6.73 6.37- 7.60 5.33 4.32- 8.75  3,945 1,11< 2,835 249  4.92 6.51 4.29 7.35  4.17 3.72- 6.03 6.42 6.03- 7.06 3.9C 3.72- 4.23 7.56 7.10- 8.08  -  -  -  -  1  20  1 _  -  e.24-10.38 5.44- 8.24 8.78-10.38 8.52- 8.79  7.53 7.41- 9.40 7.53 7.34- 7.72 10.18 9.19-10.38  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.......  -  -  -  -  20  1  -  1  2  10  -  0 0  -  33 3 30  21  -  307 3 304  35 3  -  -  -  8 4  6 1  _  23 22  2 2  _ -  _  -  24  -  -  ~  6 2  26 26  _  -  -  6  4  _  _  6  4  13 _ 13  5 3 2  4 4  29 20 9  35 2 33  6 3 3  15 13 2  6 4 2  15 15  41 34 7  -  12 12  “  “  3 3  10 -  4 4  1 1  1 1  16 16  14 14  30 30  _  _  -  -  _ -  22 -  -  “  4 _ 4 4  _  -  8 8 2  40 36 4 2  33 19 14 -  63 48 15 2  106 106 60  80 80 22  2 2 -  _ -  238 238 -  20 20 -  -  .  3  3  _  _  6  3 -  3 -  _  -  _ _ _ -  81  47 _ 47  106 54 52  25 4 21  53 _ 53  152 151 1  16 16 -  1 1 -  35 30 5  71 71 -  114 113 1  3 3 -  2 2  -  64 64  120 120  “  ”  -  15 -  33 -  -  28 28  _ -  175 158  145 139  132 132  45 45  2 2  12 12  100 100  1 -  -  -  “  “  -  2  14  12  _  _  12  93 84 9  187 143 44  121 111 10  34 8 26  176 72 104  57 53 4  56 41 15  321 316 5  127 1 126  10 10 -  44 44  14  111 108 3  81 81  125 125  "  .  -  "  15 14 1  -  39 39 -  58 57 1  335 309 26  42 36 6  39 39 -  22 8 14  27 27  79 76 3  “  101 101  60 60  “  8 8  1 1  35 35  11 11  13 13  23 17  1 1  1 1  22 22  _  _  _  -  1 1  _  -  “  ~  -  “  66 13  39 5  110 92  141 96  19 11  31 31  80 78  37 36 1  12 2 1C  _  20 20  5 5 -  -  -  4  1 1  33  -  78 78  4 3 1  12 1C  74 13 61 61  18  81  2  _  -  40 40  35 _  _  -  -  -  2 2  2 2  5 5  17 17  14 14  43 43  5 5  3 3  2 2  28 4 24  15 5 10  4  27 13 14  13 5 8  92 92  96 96  13 11 2  31 31  179 12 167  138 25 113 11  105 47 58  100 64 38  409 382 27  367 323 44 431  164 109 55 55  790 785  575 4 571  503 6 497 7  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  1 -  2  49  -  _  _  2  -  6  171  4  _ -  -  -  24  4  104 64 4C 12  22 15 7  1 14  -  4C 33 7  ~  4  -  4 4  20  5 5  20  -  " ~ “ —:  M?nnea^H«^t??aul,tMinn^w°8l!lJanuaryl°98^lianCe’ t0°lr00m’ P°werplant’ materlal moveme"t’ a"d CU8todla' "°rkar» »y »ex-.arge establishments In  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Tool and die makers...............................  Number of workers  536 535  Maintenance carpenters: Stationary engineers............................... Manufacturing................................ 315 276  10.49 10.31  Maintenance painters.................................. Manufacturing...........................  77 52  9.38 9.25  Maintenance machinists...............................  387 376  9.66 9.58  Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing....................................  (motor vehicles)........................................ Public utilities....................................... Maintenance pipefitters..................... Manufacturing........................................ Millwrights............................... Manufacturing.................................... Manufacturing.......................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  536 460 76 269 234 184  9.41 9.38 9.61 9.80 9.79  119 153  0 48 9.44  53 50  8.88 8.86  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4 10.03 10.03  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Order fillers..................................  Boiler tenders......................  8.82  70 50  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Nonmanufacturing..................  634 244 390  7.18 7.42  Shipping packers.......................... Manufacturing......................  441 437  7.04 7 05  787 557 230  8.30 7.71  116 110  7.69 7.66  841  5.01  202 127  Number of workers  Material handling laborers........... Manufacturing................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Forklift operators............................... Manufacturing........................  Truckd rivers............................ Nonmanufacturing....................................  897 665  9.75 9.83  Truckdrivers, light truck........................  223  8.85  Truckdrivers, medium truck........................  302  10.04  Nonmanufacturing..................................  344 320 220  10.15  Power-truck operators Manufacturing........................ Guards...................................... 10.46  Receivers: Manufacturing..............................  71  Shippers and receivers........................  63  8.47  545 123  8.95 7.04  Guards, class A.......................  occupations - women  Manufacturing............................... Manufacturing........................  25  107  199  5.41 6.32  213  6.21  Footnotes  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. * The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 1 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. * Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. s Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. * Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  26  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas' currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit.  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  Occupations and earnings Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  27  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.  Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers, senior Stenographers, general Typists, classes A and B File clerks, classes A, B, and C Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, classes A and B Accounting clerks, classes A and B Payroll clerks Key entry operators, classes A and B  Electronic data processing Computer systems analysts, classes A, B, and C   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, classes A, B, and C Computer operators, classes A, B, C  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see ‘Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,’ Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57.  Average pay relationships within establishments Tables A-8 through A-11 present occupational pay relatives derived from compari­ sons of job averages within individual establishments. The method of computation is as follows: 1. A pay relative for any two occupations is computed for each establishment in which they are found by dividing the average earnings for one occupation by the average for the other and multiplying by 100 (e.g., $5 divided by $4 = 1.25 times 100 = 125).  2. Each pay relative is weighted by the number of workers in the two occupations compared and by the weight assigned to the establishment to represent establish­ ments not included in the survey sample. The weighted pay relatives for all establishments reporting the two occupations are summed and divided by the total of the weights to produce the average pay relatives shown in the tables. Occupational pay relationships measured in this manner yield considerably different results than those produced by using overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-1 through A-6. The former measure the average pay relationships found within establishments; the latter measure the relationships among job averages in an area. In addition, the mix of establishments used in the comparisons may differ between the two methods.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area. Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied In Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlnn.-Wls.,1 January 1980  Industry division*  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of study  Workers in establishments  Number of establishments Within scope of study*  Within scope of study4  Studied Number  Studied Percent  All establishments 1,828  All divisions.. Manufacturing........................................ Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities*........................ Wholesale trade*................................ Retail trade*........................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate*.. Services* *..........................................  251  498,921  100  245,655 123,134 122,521  50  567 1,261  95 156  208,860 290,061  42 58  50 50 50 50 50  124 259 414 183 281  23 23 39 19 52  53,470 35,899 110,683 42,964 47,045  11 7 22 9 9  36,311 8,668 50,146 14,510 12,886  164  92  275,133  100  216,748 111,770 104,978 33,647 6,008 47,513 12,349 5,461  Large establishments All divisions.. 500 Manufacturing........................................ Nonmanufacturing................................. Transportation, communication, and 500 other public utilities*........................ 500 Wholesale trade*................................ 500 Retail trade*........................................ 500 Finance, insurance, and real estate*.. 500 Sen/ices* ■The Minneapolis-St. Paul Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Anoka, Carver, Chisago, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott, Washington, and Wright Counties, Minn.; and St. Croix County, Wis. The ‘workers within scope of study’ estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the  39 53  127,966 147,167  13 9 53 14 17  11 5 20 9 8  34,897 10,577 74,459 15,977 11,257  13 4 27 6 4  nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division. 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation. • Abbreviated to 'public utilities’ in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. • Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the ‘all industries’ and ‘nonmanufacturing’ estimates. T Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al service.  survey. . . . * The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  58 106  47 53  30  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job descriptions, are excluded.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant: Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled ‘Level of Supervisor,’ e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; Trainees.  Classification by Level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the the level of the secretary’s supervisor  Office SECRETARY  within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and an understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.  responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS)  Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled ‘secretary’ possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: a-  Positions which do not meet the ‘personal’ secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LS-1  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  31  Level ofSecretary's Responsibility (LR)  LS-2 a.  b.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LS-3 a. b. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b. c. d. e. LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term ‘corporate officer’ used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title ‘vice president,’ though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be ‘corporate officers’ for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LS-1. LS-2. LS-3. LS-4.  LR-1 Class E Class D Class C Class B  LR-2 Class D Class C Class B Class A  STENOGRAPHER  FILE CLERK  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Typist).  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.  NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.  Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.  Stenographer, Senior. Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc., OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.  TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.)  TYPIST Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routme typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.  MESSENGER Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard Operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.  ORDER CLERK Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or salespeople. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and  BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR  suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions:  Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions. Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand. Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control.sheets for the accounting department.  Class A. Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  MACHINE BILLER  Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type of machine, as follows: Billing-machine biller. Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application of predeter­ mined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine. Bookkeeping-machine biller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a type­ writer keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.  Class B. Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item.  ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. ... Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  PAYROLL CLERK  Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks.  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records: Work involves most of the following: Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls.  Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for 34  computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B. NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge. Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following: Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. 35  Class A. In addition to work assignments described for a class B operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one of the following:  At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  • • • •  Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. Class B. In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error condi­ tions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  Class C. Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-thejob training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: • • • • • • •  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator:  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  • •  36  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.  * * *  Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment.  COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes.  DRAFTER Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation bv lower level drafters. Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instruc­ tions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy. Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spotchecked during progress.  DRAFTER-TRACER Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans consisting °f straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.) ArsU/ UK  Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised during progress.  ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applicaUon of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, telep one, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment. This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assembers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instrumentstechnicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understan­ ding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in perfor­ ming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­ ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician.  equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.  MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing'. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or  38  fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directd by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  TOOL AND DIE MAKER Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry Wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  MILLWRIGHT Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves-of the following: Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  39  Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:  STATIONARY ENGINEER  Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or air conditioning. Work involves: Opera­ ting and maintaining equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or chiefengineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver  BOILER TENDER  WAREHOUSEMAN  Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling (see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator).  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer  SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.  SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting^ devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  40  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift)  GUARD Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Class A. Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. Class B. Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not" required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons.  JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors, removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Service Contract Act Surveys The following areas are surveyed per­ iodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in releases which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North Charleston-Walterboro, S.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C. Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. F rederick-Hagersto wnChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Guam, Territory of Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bem-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Pine Bluff, Ark. Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bemardino-Ontario Calif. Salina, Kans. Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash.  Springfield, 111. Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Y akima-Richland-Kenne wickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of per­ sonnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, en­ gineering technicians, drafters, and cler­ ical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2045, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1979, $3.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1970 through 1977, is available on request.  Area  Bulletin number ancj price*  Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 .................................................................... 2025-63 $1 00 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1979........................................................2050-46 $D50 Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove,Calif., Oct. 1979........................................ 2050-48 $1 !so Atlanta, Ga., May 1979 ........................ 2050-20 $1 30 Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1979 ................................................................... t 2050-42 $1 75 Billings, Mont., July 1979 ........................................... !!""!!!!!!.'!!!"!! 2050A3 $1 50 Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1978 ............................................................................ 2025-15 $0 80 Boston, Mass., Aug. 1979 ....... ............................... 7050 so $1 7S Buffalo, n.y., oct. 1978'............................ ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; 2025-71 u.io Canton, Ohio, May 1978 ............................................ . 2025 22 $0 70 Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1979.......... . 7050 79 5!i 50 Chicago, 111., May 1979 .....................................................!!! ^!!!!!!1!!.' 2050-21 $175 Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1979' ......................................................... 2050-28 $2 00 Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1979............................................................. 2050-47 $1 75 Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1978' ......................................................... 2025-59 $1 50 Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1979'......... .... 2050-33 $1 75 Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1978' ..................................................................2025-52 $1 50 Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1979 . 7050tn ti on Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1978 .........................................................!. I" "i 2025-66 $L00 Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1979' ....................................................................... 2050-41 $1 50 Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1978 ......................................................... ’___ 2025-68 $120 Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1979'........................................................... 2050- 7 $1 50 Fresno, Calif., June 1979 ..................................................... t t 2050-25 $1 50 Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1979........................................................ 2050-45 $1 50 Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Oct. 1979'............. ”!!!!!""!!!! (To be survevedl Green Bay, Wis., July 1979 ................................................................................ 2050-31 $1 50 Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug 1979 ........................... 2050-49 $1 50 Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1979'........................................................ 2050-29 $175 Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1979 ........................................ ............. .... 2050-12 $1 10 Houston, Tex Apr. 1979 .................................................................................. 2050-15 $1.30 Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1979 ................................................................................ 2050- 3 $1 00 Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1979............................................................. ’ ' ’___ 2050-54 $2 25 Jackson, Miss., Jan. 19791................................ .... 2050- 9 $1 20 Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 3978 .......................................... . 2025-67 $1 00 Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1978........................................................ 2025-53 $1 30 Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1978’.............................‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ 2025-61 $L50 Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1978 .............................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  2025-69  $1 00  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1979'..................................................... 2050-56 Miami, Fla., Oct. 1979 ................................................................................... 2050-55 Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1979 .............................................................................. 2050- 8 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1980 .............................................. 3000- 1 Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1979 .................................................................... 2050-36 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1979 .................................................................................... 2050- 5 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1979 .............................................................................. 2050-53 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1979 .................................................................’. 2050-30 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979'..................... 2050-22 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va.-N.C., May 1978 .................................................................. 2025-21 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1979'.................................................................. 2050-32 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1979 ..................................................................... 2050-37 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1979 ...................................................................... 2050-51 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979 ................................................... 2050-26 Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1978 ................................................................... 2025-54 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1979' ...........................................................................’ ,. 2050-11 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1978'.............................................................................. 2025-70 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1979 ................................................................... 2050-27 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979.......................................................................... 2050-34 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1979.................................. 2050-35 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1979'......................... 2050-38 Richmond, Va., June 1979 .................................................................................. 2050-24 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1979'................................ 2050-13 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1978.......................................................................... ’ 2025-75 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1979'.............................................................................' ’ 2050-52 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1978'............... 2025-72 San Antonio, Tex., May 1979 ............................................................................ 2050-17 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1978 ..................... 2025-73 San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1979 ..................................................... 2050-14 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1979 ................................................................................ 2050-19 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1978 ....................................................... ’ ’ ” ’ ’ 2025-74 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1979'............................................................................ 2050-44 Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979 ............................. 206(1 16 Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1979................................................. ...!!!!!!!!!!! !! i; X-lo Utica—Rome, N.Y., July 1978 .......................................................................... 2025-34 Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1979 ............................................... 2050- 4 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1979 .................................................................................. 2050-18 Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1979 .............................................................................. 2050-23 York, Pa., Feb. 1979 ........................................................................................... 2050- 6 * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. ' Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $2.25 $2 25 $1.30 $2.25 $1.75 $L30 $2 25 $175 $1.75 $0.80 $1.75 $L50 $L50 $1.50 $130 $L50 $120 $175 $L50 $1.50 $175 $1 50 $1 50 $L00 $175 $1 30 $L00 $1 00 $L20 $1.10 $1.00 $1.75 61 10  ll.lo  $1.00 $120 $L00 $1.50 $1.00  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department ot Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Mail U.S.MAIL  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Lab-441  X  \  X  \  '  \  i ■i >  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region III 3535 Market Street, P O Box 13309 Phrtadetphia Pa. 19101 Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Region i  Region II  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston. Mass 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York. N Y 10036 Phone 944 3121 (Area Code 212)  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Ffhode Island Vermont  New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Region V  Region VI  9th Floor. 230 S Dearborn St Chicago, III. 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas, Tex 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Regions VN and VIH Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St . 15th Floor Kansas City Mo 64106 Phone: 374 2481 (Area Code 816) VII VM Iowa Colorado Kansas Montana Missouri North Dakota Nebraska South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  Region IV Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St., N E Atlanta. 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