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Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-2
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




3;

Minneapolis—St. Paul,
Minnesota—Wisconsin,
Metropol itan Area, January 1978

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a January 1978 survey of occupa­
tional earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Minneapolis—
St. Paul,
Minnesota-W isconsin, Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea. The survey
was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey
program. It was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111.,
under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Assistant Regional Commissioner
for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the
cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the
basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to
express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be
reproduced without permission of the Federal Government. Please credit




the Bureau of
publication.

Labor

Statistics

and cite

the name

and number of

this

Note:
Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions
in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area are available for the nursing homes (May
1976), banking (December 1976), moving and storage (January 1978), and
laundry and dry cleaning (January 1978) industries. A lso available for
Minneapolis and for St. Paul are listings of union wage rates for building
trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store em ployees. Free copies of these
are available from the Bureau's regional offices.
(See back cover for
addresses.)

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
April 1978
Bulletin 2025-2

Minneapolis—St. Paul,
Minnesota—Wisconsin,
Metropolitan Area, January 1978
Contents

Page

Page

Introduction_____________________________________________

2

Tables— Continued
E arnings, large establishm ents—
Continued
A - 12. Hourly earnings of m aterial
m ovem ent and custodial
w o r k e r s__________________
A - 13. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , powerplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial w orkers, by s e x .

Tables:
Earnings, all establishm ents:
W eekly earnings of office w orkers
A - 1.
A -2 .
W eekly earnings of professional
and technical workers
A -3 .
Average weekly earnings of
office, profession al, and
technical w orkers, bv sex
A - 4.
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
workers
Hourly earnings of m aterial
A - 5.
movement and custodial w o r k e r s__
A verage hourly earnings of
A - 6.
maintenance, toolroom , powerplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and
custodial w orkers, by sex
Percent increases in average
A - 7.
hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected
occupational groups
Earnings, large establishm ents:
A -8 .
W eekly earnings of office workers
Weekly earnings of professional
A - 9.
and technical workers
A - 10. Average weekly earnings of
office, profession al, and
technical w o rk ers, by s e x ..
A - 11. Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
workers

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




3
6

22

24

8
B.
10
11

13

14

15

E stablishm ent practices and
supplementary wage provisions:
B - 1.
Minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced typists and clerks___
B -2 .
L a te-sh ift pay provisions for
fu ll-tim e manufacturing
production and related workers
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days of
fu ll-tim e fir s t-s h ift workers
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e
w orkers
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for
fu ll-tim e workers
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension
plans for fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs.
Life insurance plans, for
B -7 .
fu ll-tim e workers

25

26
27
28
29
32
33

18
Appendix A .
Appendix B .
20

21

Scope and method of survey
Occupational descriptions

36
41

Introduction
This area is 1 of 75 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bu­
reau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and r e ­
lated benefits.
(See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area,
occupational earnings data (A -se r ie s tables) are collected annually.
Infor­
mation on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B series tables) is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com ­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and r e ­
gional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii.

Table A -7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings of
office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades w orkers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing
and nonmanufacturing separately.
Data are not presented for skilled m ain­
tenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers em ­
ployed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant
separate presentation.
This table provides a measure of wage trends after
elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts
among establishments as well as turnover of establishments included in
survey samples.
For further details, see appendix A.
B -se r ie s tables

A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The program develops information that may be used for many purposes,
including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and a s ­
sistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the
U.S. Department of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service
Contract Act of 1965.

The B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty p is ts a nd c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; a n d data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u l e d w e e k l y h o u rs and da ys o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a ­
t i o n s ; health, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on li f e i n s u r a n c e p la n s .

A -se r ie s tables

A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in t h e a r e a
wage survey p rog ra m .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , th e a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and l a b o r m anagem ent agreem ent covera g e.

Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-tim e weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A -8 through A -1 3 provide sim ilar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or m ore.




Appendixes

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
o m ists to c la s s ify w o r k e r s by occu pation.

used by Bureau

field e c o n ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Number
of
workers

s

Average
weekly

I

i

s

$

*

$

$

s

$

$

$

s

s

*

%

s

$

*

%

ALL

(standard)

100

1 10

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

95

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

-

-

96
15
81

24 1
62
179
2

382
135
247
5

502

-

257
245
22

813
448
365
22

1622
943
679
30

1234
724
510
21

677
390
287
51

34 4
212
132
26

204
86
118
56

106
30
76
32

33
7
26
23

69
3
66
45

21
1
20
18

3
2
1
1

-

-

-

25
25

3
3
3

6
6

63
11
52
2

58
38
20
1

87
41
46
t>

128
92
36
2

78
48
30
6

39
26
13
6

10
2
8
5

30
2
28
23

17
-

“

3
3
1

3
2
1
1

3
-

26
-

15
-

89
5
84
13

91
18
73

329
114
215
2

377
227
150
2

323
219
104
6

138
81
57
9

65
13
52
21

52
1
51
18

13
-

38
-

13
13

178
110
68

429
256
173
13

814
585
229
5

499
327
172
3

152
69
83

36
7
29

8
-

2
-

a

33

11

12
4
8
4

2
2

215
123
92
9

269
135
134
21

171
69
102
15

53
23
30
6

24
16
8
4

38
12
26
24

3
2
1

2
2

-

1
i

1

-

90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

95

W O RK ERS
6 .3 7 2
3 .3 1 5
3 .0 5 7
356

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
39 . 5

$
1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0
2 5 2 .5 0

$
1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0
2 5 7 .5 0

$
$
1 7 4 .0 0 - 2 1 7 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0 - 2 1 6 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0 - 2 1 7 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0 - 2 9 8 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

550
262
288
73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .5 0
2 4 8 .0 0
2 4 1 .5 0
3 0 0 .0 0

2 4 4 .0 0
2 4 9 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0
3 2 5 .0 0

2 1 3 .0 0 - 2 7 0 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 - 2 6 9 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 7 6 .0 0
2 6 9 .0 0 - 3 3 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

1 .5 6 3
679
884
107

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 6 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0
2 1 4 .5 0
2 7 1 .0 0

2 1 1 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0
2 8 0 .5 0

1 9 1 .0 0 - 2 3 4 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0 - 2 3 2 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 3 6 .0 0
2 4 3 .0 0 - 3 1 7 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

2 .3 4 8
1 .4 0 4
944
78

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 9 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0

1 8 7 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0 - 2 0 3 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0 - 2 0 2 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0 - 2 0 8 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0 - 2 4 4 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S D ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

1 .3 0 8
604
704
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 9 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0
2 1 6 .5 0

1 5 6 .5 0 - 1 9 6 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0 - 1 9 5 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0 - 2 6 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------

277
161
116

39 . 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 9 4 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 - 2 1 3 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N rtA N U F AC T U R I N S -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

1 .5 6 9
709
860
241

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
2 6 1 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 - 1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 2 1 3 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0 - 2 8 9 .0 0

_

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

517
182
335
130

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 7 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0
2 5 3 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0 - 2 4 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 2 7 7 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0 - 2 8 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R -----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------

1 .0 5 2
527
525

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 - 1 7 7 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .0 0

-

-

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E T Y P I S T S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ------------

137
75
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 0 *0 0
1 5 4 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0

_

-

T Y P I S T S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

2 .0 0 2
480
1 .5 2 2
250

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------S E C R E T A R IE S .

380

C LA SS

A --------

8
-

17
17

-

8
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

26

15

-

-

6
-

85
23
62

127
23
104
*

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

~

“

“

8
-

13
13

“

“

_

88
28
60
2

184

8
2

85
15
70

79
105
4

155
100
55
6

-

-

-

-

“

-

4
4

2
2

16
11
5

51
33
18

55
39
16

49
39
10

41
30
11

37
4
33

18
<
♦
14

8
5
3
“

99
7
92

217
43
174
2

25 1
12 1
130
6

175
139
36
4

204
143
61
2

215
129
86
5

159
105
54
5

21
6
15
10

17
2
15
14

8
5
3

47
4
43

67
35
32
2

8 1
52
29
6

50
36
14
4

19
12
7
2

58
14
44
5

20
13
7
5

12
4
8

9
-

8

9
9

_

_

-

-

-

17
17

_

_

38
22

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

~

-

-

"

-

-

"

“

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

1

1

1

-

~

-

-

56
7
49
48

18
2
16
16

114
-

12

2
~

1
~

_

_

114
114

12
12

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

54
7
47
47

15
-

69

8
-

-

_

_

_

15
15

69
69

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
-

4
-

2
-

1

_

_

45

4

2

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

125
103
22

185
131
54

157
115
42

139
92
47

9
2
7

8
2
6

2
2

3
2
i

36
23
13

43
20
23

21
14
7

10
1
9

6
1
5

11
9
2

3
2
1

-

-

_

-

-

r

i
-

-

-

444
124
320
41

329
87
242
16

205
59
146
30

98
33
65
17

84
15
69
6

79
8
71
12

60
1
59
23

38

37
-

3
~

37
37

3
3

-

i

-

~

-

-

-

-

7
5
2

143
20
123
1

428
97
331
11

38
38

-

4
1
3
1

_

170
69
101

“

_
-

-

150
8
142

5
4
1

-

-

52
3
49

1
1

3

7

-

“
-

-

“

-

“

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




~

47
31
16
15

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978 — Continued
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f—
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

t

$

*

$

s

$

$

$

$

*

%

$

s

S

%

$

$

s

s

s

*

95

100

1 10

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

95

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

32 0

340

360

3B0

400

Id 2
41
14 1
3

126
24

25
5

1

36
-

32
31

34
-

102
1

33
3

36
9
27

39

-

136
51
85

44

-

28
3
25

247

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

34
34

-

7

36
36

1

6

38
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

77
33
44

54

48

54
3
51
5

21

2

3
-

_

_

_

_

-

3
-

_

-

15
-

21
6

2
2

15
15

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

6

18
-

14
-

29
-

15
-

4
-

1

_

_

_

~

14
14

29
29

15
15

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

3

_

_

_

13

3

1
1

-

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

90
M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

A LL W O RKERS—
CO NT IN OE D
T Y P IS T S

-

C O N T IN U E D

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

965
237
7 28
109

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0
2 2 9 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0

$
$
1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0
2 1 4 .5 0 - 2 7 5 .5 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1 .0 3 1
237
794
141

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 5 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 - 1 6 7 .5 0

F I L E C L E R K S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1 .3 8 9
133
1 .2 5 0
133

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 ,0
4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

226.00

1 1 7 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 4 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0 - 2 7 3 .5 0

-

-

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S A --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S --------------------

125
118

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 4 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 2 2 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 2 3 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

707
66b
77

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 6 3 .0 0

24
24

72
72

221.00

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------

556
83

1 1 6 . JO
1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

-

473

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

M E S S E N G E R S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

564
199
365
39

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
2 4 1 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
2 5 1 .5 0

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

426
67
359

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0
2 4 8 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S

s w it c h b o a r d

--------------------

o p e r a to r- r e c e p t io n is t s

------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

m a n u f a c t u r in g

26
873
205

6 68
74

-

-

1

11

24
24

140
-

299
-

291

212

100

8

52

19

29

140

299
-

283

160
2

81
3

1
1

-

13

111

29

22

6

32
14

42

16

24
4

43

8

-

35
13

6
6

16

9

-

-

12
12

14
14
14

17
17
17

-

82
2

42
7
35
14

6
10

20

7

3

20
20

45
44

1
1

7
4

7
7

28

9

25

26
19
i

6

17
13

5

15

21
2
2

4

1

1

-

14
5
9

38

-

1
1

178
176

133
119

-

97
97
-

2

2

36
32
3

08

201

113

77
37
40

44
15
29

38
25
13

42
80

91
38
53

83
53
30

34
15
19

2

16

6

-

5
5

-

34
29
9

6
6
6

13
13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
8

i
-

1

3

-

_

1
2
2

-

9
-

6

-

15
-

-

9
9

6
6

-

~

15
15

18
18

5
5
-

3

14
-

3
~

3
3

14
14

3
3

17

-

-

122

-

-

166
23
143

-

-

-

-

2

1

1 3 6 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
2 6 4 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 5 2 .5 0
2 4 1 .0 0 - 2 7 0 .0 0

-

4
4

i
-

17
~

125
-

92

19

8

50
14

1

17

125

84

36

9

-

1

1

1

1

-

2

~

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 8 . 0 0 - 1 7 2 . 5G
1 2 6 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 2 4 6 .0 0

-

-

11

109

-

60

124
34

3
5

72
39
33

1
1

90

115
32
83

109
9

49

77
13
64

8

-

50
-

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0

1 8 5 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 1 7 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0 - 2 1 8 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 0 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .O J
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

149 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0 - 1 8 8 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 8 9 .0 0

-

19

10

1
1

10

23
15

28

8

11
11

50

167
13
154

“

6

2

2

*

-

-

-

14

22
8

34

58

81

10

1 1

14

24

47

50
31

20
10
10

47
23
24

122
22
1 00

136
43
93

87
29
58

34

1

13
-

16
16

13
13
71

-

23
9
14

24

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

15

-

206.00

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

1

20
16

-

-

-

-

70

4

-

-

-

-

-

16

*1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

10

20
6

3

24

37
65

5
5

26

112
12
1 00

70

-

28
2

49

-

13
-

102

-

26

-

14

70

13
13

10
10

34

38

-

3

4

6

8

-

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

30

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

13

22
8

34

45

53

11

-

14
-

10

11

-

14

14

24

34

46
5

4
7

-

-

-

-

-

at end o f t a b l e s .




2

101

1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 2 6 .5 0
2 5 1 .5 0 - 2 6 9 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

See footn otes

2

-

147
46

6

459

122

-

197
63
134
39

107

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------

160

-

288
42
246

-

1 4 9 .5 0 - 2 0 4 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 - 2 0 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 2 0 4 .0 0

282

-

1 15
17
98

201

1 7 2 .0 0
171 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

O R D ER C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

-

7
5

-

1 8 2 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

1 16

-

68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

343

-

-

741
238
5 03

--------------------

_

11

-

O R D ER C L E R K S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

61
186
2

4

21

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

s
weekly
hours *
[standard)

s
90

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

s

s

s
95

100

110

%

%

120

130

s

$
140

150

S
160

5

S
170

180

$
200

$
220

260

s

$

$

$
240

280

300

s

S
320

340

$
360

380

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

110

1 20

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

43
14
29

345
26
319

484
224
260
11

615
186
429
54

471
193
278
81

621
270
351
94

432
131
301
137

273
62
211
130

234
44
190
160

86
2
84
78

212
4
208
208

182
9
173
1 73

15
6
9
9

1

-

718
194
524
28

829
226
603

-

603
77
526
15

5

-

95

5
5

1
1

24
-

47
2
45

97
8
89

229
71
158

296
88
208

311
152
159
51

285
123
162
81

152
61
91
21

171
31
140
1 13

28
2
26
20

193
4
189
189

180
7
173
1 73

15
6
9
9

5
5
5

1
1
1

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A LL yO R K ER S —
C O N T IN U E D
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

6 ,1 6 9
1 ,6 6 8
< *,501
1 ,2 2 2

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 7 3 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
2 3 8 .5 0

$
1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0

$
$
1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 9 5 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0 - 1 8 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 - 2 0 4 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0 - 2 8 7 .0 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S , C L A S S A --M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

2 .5 < *2
7 32
1 *8 1 0
699

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 0 0 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0
2 6 3 .5 0

1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0
2 8 2 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 3 5 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 - 2 0 7 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 - 2 4 0 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0 - 3 0 2 .0 0

-

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

232
75
157
7

~

276
102
174
29

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S , C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------NO N M A NUF A C T U R I N 5 ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

3 ,5 8 9
9 2<t
2 ,6 6 5
497

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 3 4 .0 0

-

-

"

543
75
468
2

58 3
15 1
432
25

250
147
103
4

317
96
221
54

193
89
104
52

308
116
192
43

147
8
139
56

121
1
120
109

63
13
50
47

58
58
58

19

-

321
26
295

621

-

43
14
29

270
249

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 6 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 - 1 6 1 .5 0

-

-

4
4

35
35

34
29

41
33

21
13

2
2

9
9

1
1

-

_

“

3
3

-

~

43
43

“

“

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S
C L A S S A -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------

99
91

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0

1 6 1 .5 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

~

~

17
17

29
29

33
33

8

~

2
2

9
9

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S
C L A S S B -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------

171
158

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

_

_

43
43

3
3

4
4

60
60

35
35

5

8

-

-

13
13

M A C H IN E B I L L E R S ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------

295
247

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 8 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0
2 5 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 - 2 6 4 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 - 2 6 8 .0 0

44
44

45
29

32
30

17

3

_

5

-

*

-

1
1

1

-

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

695
287
408
85

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0
2 7 8 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0
2 8 4 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 - 2 1 8 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0 - 2 1 8 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0 - 2 0 5 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0 - 3 0 9 .0 0

128

-

103
55
48
7

E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

2 ,4 7 7
846
1 ,6 3 1
203

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0

1 5 3 .0 0
157 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
2 1 8 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0 - 2 7 3 .0 0

KEY EN TRY O P ER A T O R S , C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

1 .1 6 4
533
631
135

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0
2 4 3 .5 0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
2 7 3 .0 0

1 5 0 .3 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0 - 2 7 3 .0 0

KEY EN T R Y O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

1 .3 0 1
301
1 .0 0 0
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 6 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 5 6 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0 - 2 1 8 .5 0

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

KEY

See

fo o tn o te s

at

O PERA TO RS •
----------------

end

-

-

“
_

_
_
-

-

186
435
28

77
77

_
“

-

-

”

“

“

1
~

-

6
1

14
8

-

-

-

17
17

3
3
3

-

6
6

69
10
59
59

21
4

5
5

-

-

-

”
-

~

“

“

50
3
47
39

2
1
1
1

6
6
-

10
10
10

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

”

67
8
59
59

32
5
27
4

4
4
4

8
2
6
6

2
2
-

11
4
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
8
24

58
22
36

65
18
47

75
24
51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

51
21
30
4

-

-

1 19
3
116

340

-

35
2
33

200

-

34
166

78
262
5

349
169
180
14

444
185
259
12

259
162
97
7

245
101
144
6

291
81
210
26

82
8
74
43

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

25
2
23

104
44
60

150
110
40

207
95
112

193
113
80
-

187
86
101
2

159
65
94
21

118
3
115

175
32
143

236
34
202
5

199
59
14 0
14

229
82
147
12

66
49
17
7

56
13
43
4

130
14
116
5

5

-

“

6
2
4
4

25
11
14

-

-

19
1
18
18

4

-

_

"

34
26
8
8

4
-

-

“

_

”

3
2
i
i

-

-

35
2
33

_
~

25
5
20
16

-

-

-

53
29
24
4

-

-

1
1

”

-

2
-

2

-

-

_

-

117
117

-

-

-

”

19
19

-

26
26

-

o f ta b le s .




24

38

63
65
9

1
1

“

13
13
13

-

-

-

~

”

-

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Minneapolis
St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e arn in gs o f—
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

s

Average
weekly
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

$
120

and
under

130

s
140

s
150

s
160

s

S
180

200

%

$
220

240

s

%

S
260

280

300

$
320

%

$
340

360

s

s
380

400

$
420

$
440

$
460

480

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

over

-

~

-

-

1

-

11
3
8

24
12
12

102
42
60
7

101
36
65
2

148
83

134
106
28
9

34
23

23
9

10
7

65
6

169
96
73
20

93
62

55
9

163
107
56
14

143
111

1

6
5
1

84
29

-

32
9

31
15

11
7

14
12

3
3

20
1
19

41
14
27

74
52
22
2

103
60
43
2

112
94
18
2

123
97
26

32
22

23
9

10
7

4

88
61
27
11

10
6

14
12

3
3

20
14
6
5

5
1
4
4

2
1
1
1

_

_

-

-

”

~

U O RKERS

CO M PU T ER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 .2 4 b
731
515
113

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
3 5 6 .0 0
3 6 6 .0 0
3 4 2 .0 0
3 8 4 .5 0

$
3 5 8 .0 0
3 6 8 .5 0
3 3 6 .0 0
3 7 9 .5 0

$
$
3 1 7 .0 0 - 3 9 8 .0 0
3 3 3 .5 0 - 4 0 5 .0 0
2 9 9 .0 0 - 3 7 4 .5 0
3 4 7 .5 0 - 4 2 9 .0 0

C O M PU T ER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

659
4 lb
241
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 8 6 .5 0
3 9 6 .5 0
3 6 9 .5 0
4 3 7 .5 0

3 9 0 .5 0
3 9 8 .0 0
3 7 4 .0 0
4 4 0 .0 0

3 5 9 .5 0 - 4 1 6 .5 0
3 7 3 .0 0 - 4 1 9 .0 0
3 3 3 .5 0 - 4 1 1 .0 0
4 2 1 .5 0 - 4 6 5 .0 0

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

493
244
249
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 2 8 .5 0
3 3 7 .5 0
3 2 0 .0 0
3 5 5 .5 0

3 3 0 .0 0
3 3 6 .0 0
3 1 4 .5 0
3 6 2 .0 0

2 9 7 .5 0 - 3 5 8 .0 0
3 1 7 .3 0 - 3 6 1 .5 0
2 9 2 .0 0 - 3 5 1 .5 0
3 2 7 .5 0 - 3 8 9 .0 0

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

94
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 5 .0 0
2 8 0 .5 0

2 8 1 .5 0
2 7 9 .5 0

2 6 2 .5 0 - 3 1 0 .5 0
2 6 2 .5 0 - 3 0 1 .5 0

1 * 6 13
768
845
153

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 6 .5 0
3 0 4 .0 0
2 7 0 .0 0
3 3 7 .0 0

2 8 2 .5 0
2 9 9 .0 0
2 6 1 .0 0
3 3 5 .0 0

2 4 4 .0 0 - 3 2 3 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0 - 3 3 6 .0 0
2 2 8 .0 0 - 2 9 9 .0 0
2 9 9 .0 0 - 3 7 1 .5 0

( b u s in e s s ) .
C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

450
18b
262
51

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 2 9 .0 0
3 5 2 .0 0
3 1 2 .5 0
3 8 6 .0 0

3 2 2 .0 0
3 5 6 .5 0
2 9 8 .5 0
3 8 5 .5 0

2 8 8 .5 0 - 3 7 0 .5 0
3 2 1 .0 0 - 3 8 4 .5 0
2 7 8 .5 0 - 3 4 5 .0 0
3 6 2 .5 0 - 4 2 2 .0 0

CO M PU TER PRO G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

716
354
362
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 5 .5 0
3 0 4 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0
3 2 0 .5 0

2 8 7 .5 0
3 0 8 .5 0
2 6 1 .0 0
3 2 3 .0 0

2 5 5 .5 0 - 3 2 2 .0 0
2 8 2 .5 0 - 3 3 1 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0 - 3 0 0 .0 3
2 9 9 .0 0 - 3 5 1 .0 0

CO M PU TER PRO G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------

408
192

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

2 4 1 .5 0
2 2 2 .0 0

2 4 1 .5 0
2 1 7 .5 0

2 1 6 .0 0 - 2 6 9 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0 - 2 3 0 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 .3 9 7
6 38
759
111

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 3 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0
2 0 7 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0
2 7 2 .0 0

1 7 5 .3 0 - 2 2 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 1 7 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .5 0
2 2 8 .5 0 - 3 1 4 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

378
176
202
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 2 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0
2 4 2 .5 0
2 8 9 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0
2 8 4 .0 0

2 0 0 .5 0 - 2 5 2 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 - 2 4 2 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 - 2 7 0 .5 0
2 7 0 .5 0 - 2 9 3 .5 0

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------c o m puter

-

and

130

A LL

-

-

pro g ram m ers

“

_

_

_

_

_

"

'

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

_

_

'

_

-

-

-

-

”

_

~

_

1

2

20

1

1
1

'

_

"

_

_

-

_

2

20

10
1
9

‘

'

~

56
21
35
7

73
20
53
2

52
20
32
6

98
62
36
4

83
53
30
8

63
35
28
16

22
12
10
7

9

'

_

“

7
1
6

16
1

~

~

“

_

15

38
5
33

1
1

6
1
5

11
4
7

"

"

5
5

4
2

11
8

26
21

18
15

12
8

7

6
2

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

150
21
129
1

129
45
84
1

204
73
131
13

243
128
115
10

24 1
115
126
16

162
97
65
20

145
102
43
21

98
73
25
15

84
51
33
26

42
21
21
12

25
19
6
5

16
8
8
8

10
5
5
5

1
1
-

2
2
-

“

”

2
?

14
1
13

24
5
19

45
8
37
1

96
14
82

41
17
24
2

43
25
18
4

36
25
11
3

60
40
20
13

37
18
19
10

25
19
6
5

16
8
8
8

10
5
5
5

24

3
1
2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

'

'

"

'

'

'

6
-

_
-

9
-

57
5
52
1

51
20
31
1

90
14
76
7

102
44
58
3

107
68
39
11

106
67
39
16

100
76
24
16

61
48
13
11

11
13
13

“

“

_
-

_
-

_

"

'

'

_

_

~

6
'

_

1

“

“

“

9
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

1
1
~

_
-

“

_
-

_
-

-

29
24

91
77

64
40

61
7

94
20

34
5

15
2

2
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

~

11
2
9

-

7
1
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

6

36
5
31
1

55
21
34

65
41
24
1

250
127
123
2

354
175
179
9

255
122
133
6

125
75
50
25

94
39
55
4

48
22
26
12

23
5
18
17

40
40
23

16
2
14
5

6

*

-

-

-

8
6
2

86
40

86

53
37
16
2

67
28
39
4

25
11
14
6

22
5
17
16

15

4

6

15
1

2
2
2

6

6

_

16
15

18
1
17

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




_
-

"

“

“

-

46

-

47
39
1

6

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

"

_
-

-

_
-

_
~

_
-

Table A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical workers in M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978 — Continued
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um b er of w o rk e rs

120
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under
130

130

140

_

150

IS O

160

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—
180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

_

140

r e c e iv in g

480
and

160

160

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

480

over

144

66
35
31
23

27
11
16

i
-

-

1
1

-

i
i

25
25
22

4

-

“
-

-

-

-

23
11
12
6

12

61
83
5

“

“

14
14
-

6
3
3

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A LL U 0 R K E R S—
C 0 N T IN U E D
C O M PU TER

O PERA TO RS

-

C O N T IN U E D
2 0 7 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0
2 1 1 . 5G
2 6 5 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
2 6 4 .0 0

$
$
1 8 3 .0 0 - 2 1 9 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 1 7 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0 - 2 2 6 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0 - 3 1 4 .5 0

27
46
81
-

2 06
99
107
3

39.0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 - 1 8 3 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 - 1 6 7 .5 0

15
75
40

62
36
26

55

4 0 .0

1 8 1 .5 0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0 - 1 9 8 .0 0

C O M P U T E R D A T A L I B R A R I A N S -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

76
64

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 3

1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0

15
15

29
26

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

1 .9 1 3
1 .4 2 8
485
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 1 .5 0
2 5 4 .0 0
2 4 4 .0 0
2 9 7 .5 0

2 4 4 .0 0
2 4 8 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0
3 0 1 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0 - 2 8 8 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0 - 2 8 9 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0 - 2 8 5 .5 0
2 6 3 .5 0 - 3 2 5 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

640
532
108
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 7 .5 0
2 9 6 .0 0
3 0 6 .0 0
3 3 3 .0 0

2 9 2 .0 0
2 8 9 .0 0
3 0 1 .0 0
3 1 6 .0 0

2 6 5 .5 0 - 3 2 1 .5 0
2 6 4 .5 0 - 3 1 8 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0 - 3 4 8 .0 0
3 0 1 .0 0 - 3 6 2 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

6 08
409
199

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 2 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0
2 5 2 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0 - 2 6 0 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0 - 2 5 4 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0 - 2 8 5 .5 0

47
39

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

465
312
153

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 4 .5 0
194 *0 8
1 9 5 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0 - 2 0 7 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0 - 2 0 6 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0

179
133

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------P U B L IC
U T I L I T I E S -------------------

1 *4 4 2
1 .1 0 3
339
299

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 8 6 .5 0
2 5 6 .0 0
3 8 3 .5 0
3 9 6 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 - 3 5 4 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0 - 3 1 3 .0 0
3 5 6 .5 0 - 3 9 6 .0 0
3 5 4 .0 0 - 4 0 1 .0 0

81
81

39.0

2 9 2 .0 0
2 6 8 .0 0
3 7 0 .0 0
3 6 9 .0 0

B-

360

4 0 .0

2 4 9 .5 0

2 4 1 .5 0

2 2 7 .0 0 - 2 6 9 .0 0

R E G IS T E R E O
I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

118
89

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

26 3 . 0 0
2 6 5 .5 0

2 6 6 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0

2 3 6 .5 0 - 2 7 8 .5 0
2 4 7 .0 0 - 2 7 8 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

655
275
380
63

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

331
187
144

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

-----

P E R IP H E R A L

E Q U IP M E N T

E L E C T R O N IC S

See

O PERA TO RS

T E C H N IC IA N S .

fo o tn o te s

at

end

CLA SS

o f ta b le s .




3 9 .5

39.5
39.0
4 0 .0

1
1

100
75

218
167

119
105

8
86
74

310

210
10 0

i
3
“

-

-

1
1

151
120
31
17

101
85
Id
9

53
40
13
3

41
30
11
4

13
8
5
5

17
17
-

59

53
40
13
3

25
14
11
4

13
8
5
5

17
17
-

-

_

-

-

”
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1
205
168
37
7

202
148
54

106
90
16

256
196
60

192
151

12
3

112
101
11
8

117
95
22
13

51

74
31
43

9

10
2

136
111
75

11

i
8

6
5

a

“

2
-

2
-

-

2
2

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
3

46
172
172
-

-

-

173
167
6
6

145
144
1
1

94
76
18
18

96
92
4
4

125
108
17
17

113
90
23
23

89
70
19
18

109
51
58
19

145
29
116
116

82
5
77
77

“

“

36

112

85

18

32

29

15

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
2

21
16

17
16

40
34

18
15

6
4

1
1

-

3
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

Table A -3 . Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

O F F IC E

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

HEN

O R D E R C L E R K S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------

152
5U

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
2 3 9 .0 0
2 3 4 .0 0

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------

148
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 9 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

TYPISTS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S ex, 3 o c cu p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

-

CONTINUED

b o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

operato rs

-

CONTINUED

O F F IC E

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------ ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

5 .3 2 2
2 .9 6 6
352

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0
2 5 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN S -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

463
286
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 0 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0
2 9 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

1 .3 5 4
883
106

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 4 .5 0
2 1 4 .5 0
2 7 1 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . C L A S S C l
N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN S ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

943
77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 7 .5 0
2 2 7 .5 0

1 .3 0 8
604
704
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 9 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S D ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------S E C R E T A R IE S . C L A S S E l
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------

116

3 9 .5

1 8 3 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------

1 .3 4 0
759

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N IO R !
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E

T Y P IS T S

468
182
286

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 8 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0

991
228
763
120

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S .
C L A S S A ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ----------------------

99
91

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

WOMEN

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 .3 2 5
119
1 .2 0 6

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S .
C L A S S B ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ----------------------

168
155

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

678
643
61

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0

M A C H IN E B I L L E R S ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

295
247

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 8 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

555
83
472

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S --------- ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ----------------------

597
229
368

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 0 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0

M E S S E N G E R S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

409
129
280

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

2 f 222
1 .5 4 4

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

KEY EN TRY O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A Z
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

562

3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

410
66
344

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 6 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0

S W IT C H B O A R O O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

871
205
666
72

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

1 .2 5 5
273
982
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0

O R O E R C L E R K S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

589
184
405

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

311
66
245

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 9 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0

CO M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

979
569
410
95

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 6 2 .5 0
3 6 9 .5 0
3 5 2 .5 0
3 9 3 .5 0

278
118
160

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

541
197
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 8 9 .5 0
3 8 2 .0 0
4 4 1 .5 0

5 .2 3 1
1 .5 0 6
3 .7 2 5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0

CO M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

372
180
192
46

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 3 4 .5 0
3 4 2 .0 0
3 2 7 .5 0
3 6 5 .0 0

66

4 0 .0

2 9 7 .0 0

1 .2 5 5
607
648
118

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 0 .0 0
3 0 8 .5 0
2 7 2 .5 0
3 4 3 .5 0

KEY

473

3 9 .0

1 5 7 .5 0

O R O E R C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

137

3 9 .5

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ------------

75
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

1 .9 4 5
471
1 »4 7 4
223

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N n A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

948
237
711
103

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 6 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A !
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S 8 -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------B O O K K E E P IN 6 - M A C H IN E
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

O P E R A T O R S -------------------------

________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




8

636

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0

267
246

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0

-------------------------------------------

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO
O C C U P A T IO N S

T E C H N IC A L
- MEN

1 8 2 .5 0

3 .2 2 7
858
2 .3 6 9

EN TRY O PER A T O R S
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ----------------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

Table A -3 . Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978 — Continued
Average
(mean2)
S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

P R O F E S S IO N A L
O C C U P A T IO N S -

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
H E N — C O N T IN U E O

CO M PU TER PRO G RA M M ERS
C O N T IN U E O

(B U S IN E S S )

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
9 0 .0

I 33.00
3 5 6 .0 0
3 1 5 .5 0
3 8 6 .0 0

C O M PU TER PRO G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

591
277
269
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
9 0 .0

2 8 8 .0 0
3 0 5 .0 0
2 7 0 .5 0
3 2 9 .0 0

C O M PU TER PR O G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C --------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

291
136

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

2 3 9 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

850
339
511

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 0 6 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

260
15b
32

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
9 0 .0

2 3 9 .5 0
2 5 0 .0 0
2 9 7 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

363
117
296

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 1 0 .0 0
2 1 9 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

199
120
79

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

at

end




a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours
[standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND T E C H N IC A L
M EN — C O N T IN U E D

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - N O M EN — C O N T IN U E D

D R A F T E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

-

384
163
219
45

fo o tn o te s

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

P R O F E S S IO N A L
O C C U P A T IO N S -

C O M PU TER PR O G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------NONAA N U F AC T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

See

Average
(mean2)

Average
( mean2)
Number
of
workers

1 .6 3 9
1 .2 2 8
911
62

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

I 55.50
2 5 7 .0 0
2 5 2 .0 0
3 1 2 .5 0

C O M PU T ER PR O G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) #
C L A S S A ----------------------------------

66

39.0

3 0 6 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
--------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

582
978
109
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 7 .5 0
2 9 6 .0 0
3 0 6 .5 0
3 3 3 .0 0

C O M PU T ER PRO G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) #
C L A S S B ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

156
96

39.5
39.5

2 7 5 .5 0
2 6 0 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

595
397

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 1 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0
2 5 2 .0 0

C O M PU T ER PRO G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

117
56

39.0

198

3 8 .5

248 .5 0
2 4 0 .5 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

336
238
98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

479
258
221

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 0 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 .3 7 6
1 .0 8 0
296
256

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

251
140

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 4 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

3 8 .5

2 9 1 .5 0
2 6 9 .0 0
3 7 1 .5 0
3 7 0 .5 0

352

4 0 .0

2 5 0 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

131
65
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O A T A L I B R A R I A N S -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

65
56

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 4 . OU
1 7 4 .0 0

74

4 0 .0

1 9 7 .5 0

105
76

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 6 0 .5 0
2 6 2 .0 0

E L E C T R O N IC S

T E C H N IC IA N S .

CLASS

B-

39.0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - NOMEN

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

o f ta b le s .

9

CO M PU TER PRO G RA M M ERS
C O N T IN U E O

:
N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G

(B U S IN E S S )

-

d r a f t e r s

339
199
195
35

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 2 .5 0
2 8 5 .5 0
2 6 2 .5 0
3 1 6 .0 0

---------------------

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

Table A -4 . Hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom , and powerplant workers in M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
Hourly eamings *

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m ber
N um

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

5------ *------ *------- «----- *------*------ *

s

t

i

t

i

5

*

*

5

5

i

t

3 . BO

A . 00

A . 20

A.AO

A . 60

A . 80

5 .0 0

5 . AO

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 . AO

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 . AO

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0 1 1 .0 0

j ) •00

A . 20

A .A O

A .60

A . 80

5 .0 0

5 . AO

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 . AO

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 . AO

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 0 0 1 1 . AO

*

I

I

and
under
3 .8 0

A LL

o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h ou rly e a rn in gs

s
3 .7 0

W O RK ERS

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 A7
76
71
39

1 .8 1
7 •A8
8 .1 6
7 .0 9

1 .3 9
7 .3 9
7 .2 5
6 .8 2

$
7 .0 1 7 .1 6 6 .8 2 6 .8 0 -

$
7 .9 2
7 .6 8
9 .8 6
7 .1 2

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

A39
36A

8 .6 7
8 .4 4

8 .7 8
8 .1 1

7 .8 5 7 .8 0 -

9 .5 1
8 .8 0

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

90
50

8 . 1A
7 .8 7

8 .1 6
7 .6 8

7 .3 9 7 .A 1 -

9 .1 3
8 .3 2

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

527
519

8 .1 1
8 .0 8

8 .0 1
8 .0 0

7 .9 0 7 .9 0 -

8 .A 2
8 .A 2

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in s
--------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

916
808
108
48

7 .3 8
7 .3 6
7 .5 1
8 .6 8

7 .1 2
7 .0 7
7 . A7
8 .4 5

6 .7 2 6 .7 2 5 .9 1 7 .9 8 -

7 .7 8
7 .7 8
8 .A 5
9 .8 6

(M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1 1 195
64
1 .1 3 1
1 . 0 AA

8 .1 8
7 .5 2
8 .2 2
8 .3 6

8 .7 A
7 .3 7
8 .8 7
8 .8 7

8
6
8
8

.1 5 .6 8 .5 0 .5 0 -

6 .8 7
7 .9 1
8 .8 7
8 .8 7

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G
*-----------------------

121
1 1A

8 .7 7
8 .7 1

8 .7 5
8 .7 5

8 .7 5 8 .7 5 -

9 .2 8
9 .2 8

M I L L U R I G H T S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

166
159

8 .0 2
8 .0 0

7 .8 0
7 .8 0

7 .6 8 7 .6 8 -

8 .3 2
8 .2 6

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S :
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

78

6 .3 7

6 .6 6

6 .3 1 -

6 .6 6

M A C H IN E - T O O L

O P E R A T O R S (T O O L R O O M ) m a n u f a c t u r in g
--------------------------

66

7 .2 5
7 .2 5

7 .A 3
7 .A 3

6 .7 7 6 .7 7 -

7 .5 9
7 .5 9

T O O L AND D I E M A K E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

768
767

8 .2 A
8 .2 A

8 .3 3
8 .3 3

7 .9 3 7 .9 3 -

a . 47
8 .A 7

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G I N E E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------

5 AA
138
A06

7 .8 6
8 .1 3
7 .7 8

8 .2 1
8 .2 7
8 .1 5

7 .5 0 7 .7 7 7 .A 9 -

8 . A7
8 .5 0
8 .A7

-

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

315
226

7 .2 7
7 .2 2

7 .3 1
7 .3 1

6 .3 6 6 .3 6 -

8 .2 2
7 .6 6

_

m a in t e n a n c e

See

26

2
2A
1
75
75

18 1
181

188
188

121
105
16

189
176
13

159
159

1A
1A

79

67
65

231
22A
7

32
32

20
20

m e c h a n ic s

fo o tn o te s

at

66

15

110
110

15

21
21

685
30
30

59
59

-

-

16

-

12

23
23

4
4

-

2A
2A

4
4

22
22

12
12

10
10

A3
A3

165
165

A15
A 15

51
51

26
26

20
20

59
25
3A

26
6
20

118
29
89

235
A3
192

20
20

-

-

12
10
2

85
75

12
12

9
9

79
27

17
17

3
3

2A

f5

3

1

i

2A
5
19

_

-

-

-

12
12

53
28

19
19

26
2A

2A

10

15

3

48

36
36

-

end o f ta b le s .




688

1

i

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

~

“

2
1

_

-

_

6

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

~
-

~
"

6

-

-

-

-

“

Table A -5 . Hourly earnings of m aterial movement and custodial workers in M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n . —W is., January 1978
Hourly earnings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—
%
i
i
*
$
S
S
$
$
$
s

M

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

of
workers

$
2 .6 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

%

3

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

*
7 .0 0

$
7 .4 0

$
7 .8 0

*

3 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

S

3 .2 0

*
6 .2 0

%

3 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .9 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

3

30

17

30

7

60

30

17

30

7

60

26
23
3

59

3

120
30
90

-

-

-

358
25
333
40

3444
64
3380
3303

-

*

118
1
117
19

1072
612
460

“

198
39
159
6

208
133
75

-

254
250
4
4

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

19

94
90

13
“

70
70

_

24
24

2
2

_

127

_

-

24
16

7
4

16
16

12
12

89
89

52
10

15
1

102
10

72
18

953
-

27
26

-

“

and
under
2 .8 0

A LL

s

2 .8 0

W O RKERS
$
8 .1 2
7 .8 7
8 .1 8
8 .4 8

$
8 .5 0
8 .6 0
8 .5 0
8 .5 0

$
8 .2 9 6 .4 7 8 .5 0 -

$
8 .5 0
8 .8 5
8 .5 0

8 .5 0 -

8 .5 0

373
202

7 .1 9

5 .8 7 5 .8 7 -

8 .9 0

-

6 .4 6

6 .9 8
6 .1 6

6 .9 8

-

1 .3 8 5
186

8 .0 2
6 .8 4

8 .5 0
6 .4 0

7 .8 7 6 .4 0 -

8 .5 0
7 .4 7

-

----------

496

8 .1 6

8 .5 0

8 .5 0 -

8 .7 0

T R U C K O R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N h A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

2 .4 8 3
534
1 .9 4 9

8 .2 1
8 .0 0
8 .2 6

8 .5 0
8 .8 1
8 .5 0

8 .5 0 6 .4 7 8 .5 0 -

3 .6 0
3 .8 5
8 .5 9

S H I P P E R S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

429
196
233

6 .7 5
5 .9 1
7 .4 7

7 .5 1
5 .5 0
7 .5 1

5 .5 0 5 .3 9 7 .5 1 -

7 .5 1
6 .5 4

-

7 .7 0

~

R E C E I V E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

563
159
404

6 .2 9
6 .2 0
6 .3 3

6 .6 9
6 .4 1
6 .6 9

5 .1 0 5 .3 6 5 .1 0 -

7 .5 3
7 .6 0
7 .5 1

-

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

369
286

6 .2 3
6 .0 5

6 .5 1
6 .1 8

5 .5 0 5 .5 0 -

6 .7 3
6 .6 5

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

1 .6 1 0
423
1 ,1 8 7
281

6 .9 1
5 .1 3
7 .5 4
7 .6 4

7 .5 1
4 .8 7
7 .5 1
8 .1 2

6 .1 4 4 .3 7 7 .2 7 7 .1 7 -

8 .1 2
6 .1 4
8 .1 2
8 .1 2

_

O R D E R F I L L E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

3 .3 1 3
632
2 ,6 8 1

6 .4 3
5 .5 6
6 .6 3

6 .6 6
5 .2 4
6 .6 6

5 .4 3 4 .3 8 6 .5 8 -

7 .5 0
6 .8 8
7 .5 0

10
9
1

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N h A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

1 .5 8 0
730
850

5 .7 5
5 .7 9
5 .7 1

5 .6 9
5 .7 0
5 .3 0

4 .6 5 5 .3 7 4 .6 0 -

6 .6 6
6 .1 0
7 .3 3

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R S ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

5 *6 4 6
1 .6 9 3
3 .9 5 3
2 .2 5 7

6 .9 1
6 .2 8
7 .1 7
8 .4 8

7 .4 5
6 .3 5
8 .5 0
8 .5 0

5 .6 9 5 .6 3 6 .1 7 8 .5 0 -

8 .5 0
6 .9 2
8 .5 0
8 .5 0

42
42

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

1 .7 1 1

7 .0 3
6 .6 8
7 .9 6
8 .3 9

6 .9 0
6 .4 2
8 .1 5
8 .5 0

6 .0 1 6 .0 0 7 .5 8 8 .5 0 -

7 .9 6
7 .3 1
8 .5 9
8 .6 0

T R U C K O R I V E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

6 .0 0 4
1 .2 2 0
4 ,7 8 4
3 .3 7 2

T R U C K O R I V E R S . L I G H T T R U C K ---------N O N h A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------T R U C K O R I V E R S . M E D IU M T R U C K -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------T R U C K D R IV E R S .

P U B L IC

H EAVY

U T IL IT IE S

TRUCK

-------------------

PO U ER-TRU C K O PERA TO RS
(O T H E R TH AN F O R K L I F T ! -------------- —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

1 .2 4 5
466
62

180
144

6 .0 0
6 .6 7

6 .4 7
6 .9 2

5 .9 7 6 .0 4 -

7 .2 1
7 .2 1

-

-

-

-

"
-

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

-

-

-

-

19

-

9

24

5

7

5

230

182

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30

~

-

-

9a

46
10
36

116
104
12

1222
4
1218

730
271
459

-

-

42
6
36

_

-

139
139

98

-

60
60

18
18

-

-

-

10
10

160
4
156

42
18
24

-

-

15
9
6

-

“

33
18
15

14
-

“

29
lo
13

_

-

72
72

_

-

32
31
1

14

-

5
4
i

13
9
4

3
2
1

66
10
56

37
19
18

37
16
21

47
8
39

70
23
47

15
9
6

143
33
110

30
9
21

26
-

_
-

-

26

-

-

9
9

19
19

50
25

71
71

2o
26

25
25

133
105

2
2

2

_

-

-

40
11
29
12

43
22
21

162
45
117
42

1 38
15
123
47

392
16
376
8

168

129
-

156
-

168
168

129

156

~

34
32
2

562
63
499

575
85
490

60
60

1000
52
94 8

105

64
-

78

_

105

64

78

-

25
22
3

155
2
153

135
1 35

1 95
8
187

-

13
-

-

-

13
-

-

13

13

-

131
59
72

2276
26
2250
2236

_

_

-

_

"

“

-

-

4
-

~

3

30

-

-

-

-

5

10

9

5

10

9

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

1
~
1

9
9

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

~

“

19
19
-

41
38
3

22
19
3

63
63
-

74
45
29

23
19
4
4

59
54
5

96

96
17

69
69

128
99
29

12
12

79

114
34
80
185
185

95
64
31

176
115
61

155
134
21

184
183
1

77
64
13

60
18
42

224
175
49

336
324
12

34 0
161
179

-

517
392
125
13

213
209
4
3

453
111
342

~

213
94
1 19
5

-

-

-

110
110
-

79
79

292
292

213
178
35

223
197
26
6

85
85

238
79
159

74
26
48

~

17
11

42
42

18
18

“

57
57
-

3

3
~

18
-

3

3

18

69
9
60

52
9
43

82
45
37

25
9

63
8
55

18
18

6
-

3

8
-

-

41
-

3

8

60
28
32

67
-

6

15
9
6

67

49
30
19

.4

12 4

47
-

42

244
-

45

124

47

42

244

37
20
17

136

4

85
19
66

?
134

19
26

1
1

-

16

41

”

71
25

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
27

-

9
9
-

~

~

30
-

~

-

5

-

_

_

5
~

“

-

7

-

4
28
8
20

_

"

-

“

-

~

~

"

"

'

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

43
16

11

8
8

_

_

_

_
-

4
4

36
36

19
19

-

-

26

2

-

"

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

85

152

3
82
27

152
-

~

124
8
116
29

3
3

i
1

2
2

_
-

Table A -5 . Hourly earnings of m aterial movement and custodial workers in M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978— Continued
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly ea rn in gs of—
s
5
s
$
$
i
i
s
s
»
s

$
6 .2 0

*
7 .0 0

s

s

s

7 . 40

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

T
a .6 0

1 ----

6 .6 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 , 80

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

79
78
1

66
67
1
1

17
7
10
10

2
2

25
5
20
20

4
~
-

~
-

“

82
23
59
9

15
15

13
13

50
5U

27
1

5

4
4

12
7
5

84
83
1
1

61
61
-

32
23
9
9

192
128
64

525
413
112
17

274
223
51
19

286
198
88
74

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

$
5 .4 0

2 .8 0

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

.5 .4 0

5 .8 0

1150
-

325
-

118
-

1150

325

118

83
5
78

45
5
40

15
8
7

21
1
20

67
1
66

147
15
132

43
6
37

21
7
14

75
61
14

“

“

102
83
19
1

2
2

7
7

38
6
32

%

2 .6 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

oo
o

4

U V
1 *

Hourly earnings
Number

s

9 .0 0

and
under

A LL W O RK ERS—
C O N T IN U E D
$
4 .4 0

G U A R D S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

2 .5 7 6
380
2 .1 9 6
46

$
3 .6 2
5 .8 0
3 .2 5
7 .2 3

$
2 .8 5
5 .7 2
2 .7 5
7 .8 4

$
2 .7 0 5 .3 0 2 .6 5 6 .9 0 -

6 .3 6
3 .3 0
7 .8 4

G U A R D S * C L A S S A ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

474
443

4 .5 4
4 .4 0

4 .4 0
4 .4 0

4 .1 0 4 .1 0 -

4 .9 1
4 .4 0

G U A R D S * C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

1 .7 2 8
349
1 .3 7 9
42

3 .5 4
5 .7 3
2 .9 8
7 .1 3

2 .8 0
5 .7 2
2 .7 5
7 .3 5

2 .7 2 5 .3 0 2 .6 5 6 .1 4 -

3 .5 0
6 • 3t>
2 .8 5
7 .8 4

J A N I T O R S * P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

7 .5 5 2
1 .6 7 7
5 .8 7 5
271

4 .2 6
5 .3 1
3 .9 6
6 .1 2

4 .5 4
5 . lo
3 .7 5
6 .2 7

3 .3 7 4 .8 4 3 .2 5 5 .8 0 -

4 .6 6
6 .0 7
4 .5 6
6 .4 7

~

“
-

-

-

-

“

-

64
64

14
14

-

-

58
5
53

43
5
38

“

862
-

310

29
-

862

310

29
-

“

“

502
-

348
16
332

522
30
492
6

809
43
766

636
21
615

502

12
8
4
“
237
237
4

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




12

“

87
6
81
1

20
20

62
62

62
62

129
129

1
1
-

9
6
3
1

2
1
1

16
15
1

~

“

324
91
233
2

16 0
14
146
3

1680
37
1643

432
128
304

“
100
5
95
3

_

_

-

"

52
52
-

68
67
1
1

17
7
10
10

343
248
95
95

21

144
77
67
15

_

-

21
21

~

4
4

-

_

_

-

2
2

20

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

13
1
12
12

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m aterial movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean* )
hourly
earnings4

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
worisers

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

T R U C K O R I V E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

5 ,9 8 3
1 ,2 2 0
4 ,7 6 3
3 ,3 5 1

$
8 .1 2
7 .8 7
8 .1 9
8 .4 8

:
--------------------------

76

---------------------------------------

434
364

8 .6 8
8 .4 4

--------------------

87

8 .1 7

T R U C K O R I V E R S , L I G H T T R U C K --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

373
202

7 .1 9
6 .4 6

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------

525
517

8 .1 1
8 .0 8

T R U C K O R I V E R S , M E D IU M T R U C K -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

1 ,3 7 7
186

8 .0 2
6 .8 4

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

912
808
104
44

7 .3 7
7 .3 6
7 .5 1
8 .7 9

T R U C K O R IV E R S ,

195
64
131
044

8 .1 8
7 .5 2
8 .2 2
8 .3 6

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------

120
114

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------

166
159

m a in t e n a n c e

c a r p e n t e r s

m a in t e n a n c e

e l e c t r ic ia n s

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
M A IN T E N A N C E

P A IN T E R S

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S
(M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1
1
1

CO

m a n u f a c t u r in g

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

:
-------------------------

tra d es

498

8 .1 6

2 ,4 8 0
534
1 ,9 4 6

8 .2 1
8 .0 0
8 .2 6

S H I P P E R S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N K A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

417
188
229

6 .8 1
5 .9 3
7 .5 3

8 .7 8
8 .7 1

R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

482
143
339

6 .6 4
6 .4 3
6 .7 3

8 .0 2
8 .0 0

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

327
244

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

1 ,5 3 8
405
1 ,1 3 3

6 .9 2
5 .0 6
7 .5 8

O R D E R F I L L E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

2 ,5 8 7
389
2 ,1 9 8

6 .9 5
6 .2 5
7 .0 7

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

895
465
430

6 .3 6
5 .9 0
6 .8 6

5 ,3 8 9
1 ,6 6 4
3 ,7 2 5
2 ,2 4 4

7 .0 3
6 .3 0
7 .3 5
8 .4 9

76

6 .3 6

66
66

7 .2 5
7 .2 5

T O O L AND D I E M A K E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

768
767

8 .2 4
8 .2 4

S T A T IO N A R Y

-------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

539
138
401

7 .8 7
8 .1 3
7 .7 8

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

315
226

7 .2 7
7 .2 2

E N G IN E E R S

--------------------

M A T E R IA L

See




fo o tn o te s

at

end

$
7 .0 3
6 .6 8

---------------------

- t r u c k O PERA TO RS
(O T H E R THAN F O R K L I F T ) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

150
144

6 .6 7
6 .6 7

G U A R D S ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------

2 ,2 9 1
2 ,0 1 1

3 .5 1
3 .2 2

G U A R D S , C L A S S A -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------

454
423

4 .5 6
4 .4 2

G U A R D S , C L A S S B -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

1 ,4 7 9
1 ,2 3 0

3 .3 4
2 .9 2

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

7 .9 7

6 .2 3
6 .0 1

h e l p e r s

m a n u f a c t u r in g

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

po w er

T R U C K O R I V E R S , T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R --M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R S (T O O L R O O M ) M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

Number
of
workers

1 ,7 0 1
1 ,2 4 1
460

HEAVY

TRUCK

---------

5 ,3 9 0

4 .2 4

1 ,3 5 3
4 ,0 3 7

5 .2 1
3 .9 2

------------------------------------

81

4 .2 4

O R D E R F I L L E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

726
243
483

4 .3 8
4 .4 6
4 .6 4

S H IP P IN G PA C K E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

685
265

4 .9 5
5 .6 0

165

2 .9 7

1 ,9 2 0
1 ,7 6 5

4 .0 6
3 .9 6

JA N IT O R S ,

H A N D L IN G

LA BO R ER S

-----------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

o f t a b le s .

13

PO RTERS,

AND

C LEA N ERS

----

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

M A T E R I A L M O V E M EN T
O C C U P A T IO N S

R E C E IV E R S
m a in t e n a n c e

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

M A T E R I A L M O V EM EN T AND C U S T O O IA L
O C C U P A T IO N S - M E N — C O N T IN U E D

M A T E R I A L m o v e m e n t ANO C U S T O D IA L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN

M A I N T E N A N C E , T O O LR O O M , AND
P O W E R P L a NT O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

AND C U S T O D IA L
- WOMEN

---------------------------------------------------

:
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

g u a rd s

---------------------

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups in
Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., for selected periods
J a n u a ry 1972
to
J a n u a ry 1973

J a n u ary 1973
to
J an u ary 1974

J an u ary 1974
to
J a n u a ry 1975

J a n u a ry 1975
to
J anuary 197 6

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _________________________________________
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ______________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s ___________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s

5.1
( 6)
5.9
6.8
6.8

6.2
(6 )
5.6
6.4
6.1

8.6
8.4
7.8
9.2
9.3

7.7
6.5
9.9
8.1
7.7

7 .9
5.5
8.2
8.7
8 .9

8 .0
7.3
6.8
8.2
8.1

M a n u fa ctu rin g ;
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _________________________________________
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g ... ..
.
. . .
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s __________________________ ________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ___________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s ______________________________

4.2
( 6)
5.4
6.4
6.3

5.4
(6 )
6.4
6.1
6.6

7.7
6.9
6.5
9.0
9.3

7.9
5.0
9.8
8.9
10.1

8.1
5.8
9.0
8.8
8.3

7.1
6.5
6.3
8.1
9.5

5.5

6.7
(6 )
(6 )
5.8

9.0
10.2

7.6
7.8
(6 )
6.7

7.7
5.0
(6 )
9.2

8.4
8.1
(6 )
7.5

In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _ ________________________
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ______________________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s

(b )

(6 )
7.1

(b )

9.2

J a n u a r y 1976
to
J a n u ary 1977

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

A r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n f o r c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s is b e in g in tro d u c e d in this a r e a in
1978.
Th e r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n is not c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t to the p r e v io u s d e s c r ip tio n .
T h e r e f o r e , the e a r n in g s o f c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e not u se d in com p u tin g p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s
f o r the e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g g ro u p .

14

J a n u ary 1977
to
J a n u ary 1978

Table A -8. W eekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

1

$

$

$

%

$

s

%

s

s

S

$

$

$

$

S

*

$

s

t

$

ALL

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21U

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

100

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

-

-

-

5
5

20
6
19

63

1 7 9 .5 0 - 2 1 6 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0 - 2 2 9 .0 0
2 2 8 .0 0 - 2 9 8 .5 0

189
109
80
3

305
203
102
3

521
366
155
3

508
902
106
5

556
935
121
6

445
358
87
4

356
266
92
17

989
329
160
49

232
171
61
16

130
70
60
48

59
26
33
27

33
7
26
23

27
3
29
19

18
1
17
15

3
2
1
1

3
~

3

6
6

9
3
6

8
4
4

-

-

“

50
28
22
6

75
70
5
2

56
99
12
6

30
22
8
6

10
2
8
5

3
2

“

16
d
10
1

19
-

3
3

6
6

17
2

3
1

15
10

19
19

1
1

12
i
ii

41
26
15

64
39
30

99
78
21

103
70
33
9

28
9
19
18

16
1
15
13

9
-

13
13

9
9

4
1
3
1

-

-

235
195
90
4

13
-

-

124
107
17
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

95
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

UO RKERS
O
o

0
CJ
N
WCNJ
1
o
.n

G
O
r*
»

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

3 .9 5 6
2 .7 8 5
1 .1 7 1
239

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

2 0 2 .5 0
2 0 0 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0
2 6 9 .0 0

2 6 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

308
185
123
55

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

2 5 7 .5 0
2 5 6 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0
2 9 5 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0
2 5 3 .0 0
2 9 6 .0 0
3 1 3 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 - 2 7 9 .0 0

_

-

-

_

-

-

2 9 1 .5 0 - 2 7 1 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0 - 3 1 5 .5 0
2 6 6 .0 0 - 3 9 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

825
529
301
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

2 2 0 • 5U
2 2 2 .0 0
2 1 9 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0

2 1 9 .5 0
2 2 1 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0
2 8 2 .0 0

2 0 1 .8 0 - 2 3 7 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0 - 2 3 9 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0 - 2 9 9 .5 0
2 6 2 .5 0 - 3 1 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , c l a s s c ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------

1 ,6 2 9
1 .3 1 6
308

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0
2 0 1 .0 0

1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0 - 2 0 5 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0 - 2 0 2 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0 - 2 2 6 .5 0

_

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S D ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

652
398
259
55

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 5 . UO
1 8 1 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 3 1 .5 0

1 7 9 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0
2 2 0 .5 0

1 6 3 .5 0 - 1 9 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0 - 1 9 5 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 - 2 1 8 .0 0
2 1 6 .5 0 - 2 6 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S E ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------

221
157
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

lt 0 4 V
689
360
216

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 1 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0
2 5 V . 00

917
180
237
167

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

632
509

STEN O G RA PH ERS,
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

G E N E R A L -------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R -----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------T R A N S C R IB IN G - r t A C H IN E

T Y P IS T S

T Y P I S T S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------T Y P IS T S .

CLA SS

A

-------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s




1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
27

3
-

2
-

19

3

2

19

58
2
56

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0 - 1 7 9 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 - 1 8 1 .5 0

_

-

-

-

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
2 2 2 .5 0
2 7 8 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0 - 1 8 9 .0 0
1 4 9 .8 0 - 1 7 4 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0 - 2 8 9 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0 - 2 8 9 .0 0

-

1 9 1 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0
2 9 0 .0 0
2 5 7 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 - 2 9 0 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 - 1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0 - 2 8 1 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0 - 2 8 6 .0 0

123

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 9 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0 - 1 7 7 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0 - 1 7 6 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0 - 2 8 9 .0 0

89

3 9 .0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 5 1 .0 0

947
370
577

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0

997
219
228

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

-

-

13

-

~

5
8
35
29
11

37
19
23

126
92
39

274
297
27

301
267
39

331
299
32

251
220
31

139
109
30

119
61
58

19
3
16

10
4
6

7
-

2
-

7

2

86

87
68
19

87
59
28
2

78
51
27
4

39
26
13
2

30
19
16
13

37
7
30
6

17
12
5
2

25
4
21
21

2
2

2
2
-

-

111
66
95
3

4
4

1
1

1

1

1

-

“

1

1

1

_

-

“

1

15
6
9

"

-

"

57
29
2

-

4
-

2
-

-

-

2

12
7
5

92
33
9

55
39
16

99
39
10

25
22
3

16
8
8

6
2
4

2
2

4

"

-

“

~

-

21
7
14

197
129
18
5

70
65
5
4

25
22
3
1

6
4
2
2

10
2
6
8

13
2
11
11

55
7
98
98

18
2
16
16

92
*
92
92

12
12

2
2

1

-

169
193
26
2

-

"

166
137
29
4

2
~

-

160
121
39
6

12
~

-

79
93
31
2

1

-

6
5
3

-

-

8

98
39

19
12

-

-

7
2

59
7
97
97

_
-

19
4

9
9
9

_
-

-

10
8
2
1

15
-

-

10
5
5
4

4
4

-

25
14
ii
5

8

5
3

71
52
19
6

56

-

59
35
19
2

8

-

18
4
19

15
15

56
56

8
8

-

-

*

-

-

-

3
3

20

2

-

2
2

-

9

-

2

1

_
-

19

-

1

2

-

1

3
2
1

36

-

4
2
2

1

8
12

15
19

-

122
115
7

60
60

-

118
103
15

150
131

-

89
69
20

36

4

2

1

-

1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .5 0

-

-

1

5

23

12

12

10

6

9

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 9 U .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 5 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0

7
5
2

65
20
95

166
80
86

253
99

158
62

89
37
97

17
3
19

3
1
2

~

_
-

38

97
31
16

_
-

8

17
1
16

-

96

19
11
8

38

159

58
20
38

8

“

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0

-

-

4
3
i

70
43
27

99
57
42

38
22
16

33
11
22

16
9
7

7

-

2
1
1

32
31
1

i

-

-

91
99

-

_
-

90

7

“

4

-

4

-

8
8

15
1
19

-

36
36

4

3

-

4

3

-

-

1

_
-

-

-

“

-

-

1




office w orkers—large establishments in Minneapolis
1978— Continued
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f—

s

Average
weekly
(standard)

S
95

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

s
100

$
110

$

$
120

130

$
190

s

$
150

160

s
170

190

$

S

$

$
180

200

210

$

220

s

$
290

260

%

%

S
280

300

320

S

390

360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

7
5
2

61
17
44

92
33
59

159
92
112

68
21

44

25
9
16

3
2
1

10
3
7

1
-

4

2

-

4

2
-

15
~

3
-

3
-

2

2

15

3

3

~

“

“

32
-

105
8

7
6

12
6
6

12
6
6

5
2
3

-

97

11
39

11
4

32

28
6
22

13

-

75
20
55

50

-

-

1
1

-

4
4

5
4

i
i

7
4

7
7

1

-

1
1

5
3

29
29

57
55
2

31
21
2

u
7
3

8
5
2

9
2
1

5
2
2

4
-

11
6

“

7
7

48
92

92
33

35
28

15
13

3
3

-

-

“

20

17
15
2
2

12
8
4
1

i

-

“

-

399

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0

f 39 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0

f 2 5 . 00-198. 0 0
1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 9 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 9 8 .0 0

392
70
322

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 8 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0

63
56

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 2 7 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0
2 7 1 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0 - 2 8 7 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0 - 2 8 9 .5 0

178
190
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 9 0 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 J
2 0 3 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
2 3 7 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 5 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0 - 2 3 7 .0 0

150

126

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0

316
197
169
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
2 9 1 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
2 5 1 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 9 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 - 1 9 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 9 7 .5 0
2 5 1 .5 0 - 2 6 9 .0 0

-

78
19
64

77
33
44

31
25
6

46
36
10

-

“

"

-

2

15
5
1

170
59

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0 - 1 7 8 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 - 1 8 5 .5 0

4
4

i
-

2
-

15
-

111

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

i

2

15

23
8
15

32
19
18

15
10
5

13
5
8

29
10
19

83

3 9 .5

1 5 7 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 - 1 6 3 .5 0

-

-

-

7

12

19

8

29

183
72

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 2 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 8 9 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0 - 2 1 7 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 8 1 .5 0

19

19
-

19

14

26
2
29

24

-

7
9
3

9
6
3

999

195

111

-

-

_
-

5
19

97

13
31

7

1

-

-

15
-

1
~

13
-

15
-

“

“

15

1

13

15

4
4

1
1

-

-

_

_

2
2

-

13
13

3
3

1
1

-

-

12
12

13
13
13

1
1
1

1
1
1

2
2
2

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

~

”
-

-

-

-

“

“

"

-

1
1
1

1
1

2

“

2
2

12
11
1

7
-

2

7

2

2
2

3

6

2

-

-

15
12
3

9
6
3

30
2
28

2
2

11
11

-

“

1
-

-

-

-

“
“
“

_

15

9

15
15

~
9
9

6
6

-

1
1

3

11

6

-

-

3

11

3

1

-

-

-

6
6

5
5

9
9

1
1

-

-

1
1

_

“

*

“

-

-

-

~

~

_

-

-

-

~

1

”

“

3

~

-

“

'

“
-

-

-

~

“
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

58

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0

1 6 3 .5 0 - 2 1 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

13

7

2

-

7

6

5

6

-

~

1

-

-

-

125

1 4 8 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 8 9 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 8 6 .5 0

-

14
19

14
14

26
29

24
19

5
3

_

2

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3
“

1

“

28
28

2

102

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

“

~

~

“

250
932
318
963

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 8 9 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 9 1 .5 0 - 2 1 3 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0 - 1 8 6 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0 - 2 9 5 .0 0

_

25
19
11

129

2 9 0 .5 0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0
2 9 0 .0 0

-

-

-

223
60
163
-

381
84
297
28

323
101
222
12

2 36
115
12 1
11

29 7
122
175
59

263
116
197
51

296
127
119
47

166
49
117
95

115
39
76
29

133
19
119
89

160
20
190
118

169
23
196
132

28
2
26
20

153
4
199
199

132
9
173
173

15
6
9
9

5
5
5

1
1
1

911
926
985
616

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 1 6 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0
2 6 9 .5 0

1 9 8 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0
2 8 2 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0 - 2 7 9 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0 - 1 9 5 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0 - 2 9 9 .5 0
2 2 5 .0 0 - 3 0 2 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

5
2
3

97
8
39

99
44
55

110
52

111
67

195
57

112
59

90
39

50

-

99

51
29

53
19
39
21

28
2
26
20

197
4
193
193

180
7
173
173

15
6
9
9

5
5
5

1
1

-

53
20

119
10
109

-

88
23

99
19
75

-

58
7

827
999
333
397

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 9 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 8 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 7 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .5 0

-

25
19
11

129
22
107

218
58
160

339
76
258

220

129

184

107
1
106
97

50
13
37
39

2
2
-

-

-

-

53
131
59

76
10
66
16

6

61
63
4

132
66
66
27

_

53
167
12

116
57
59
28

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
107

28

16

“

31
19
5

62

65
8

39
-

57
19

39
22

98

-

6
6

1

Table A -8 . W eekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978 — Continued
^^W eeklyTarning^^™"
(standard)
Number
of
woikers

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
s

$
95
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

s

$

s

s

i

$

$

$

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

4
-

12
2
10

32
8
24

22
8

28
1.0

12
7
5

13
19

16
9
7

16
5
11

23
6
17

10
5
5

3
2
i

12
7
5

19
i
18

6
2
4

1
-

16

29
15
9

27

19

90
6
39

155
70
65
5

219
132
82
3

2 29
15 1
73

131
89
97
6

71
31
40
9

62
25
37
5

22
8
19
5

39

6
1
5
5

19
8
6
6

61
2
59
59

15
4
11
ii

3
3
3

-

~

-

-

187
137
50
7

11
2
9

79
40

196
95
53

197
109
38

118
77
91

57
27
30

91
13
28

11
3
6

6
6
“

59
59
59

4
4

-

-

27
25

2
1
1
1

3

39

133
101
32

-

92
19
73

61
30
51
5

81
31
50
3

68
48
20

40
28
12
7

11
5
6
4

19
4
10
3

19
10
9

7
7
1

4
4
9

8

2
2

11
4

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

and
u nd er
100

A LL W O R K ER S
C O N T IN U E D
PA YRO LL

Cl E k KS

---------------

307
106
201

m a n u f a c t u r in g

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

—

9 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
*

KEY

EN TRY O PER A T O R S —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----N O N H A N U F A C T U R Iw G —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

KEY

ENTRY

C LASS

KEY ENTRY O PER A T O R S.
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

CLASi

fo o tn o te s

at end

$
1 7 5 .5 0
189 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0

$
$
1 5 3 .0 0 - 2 1 8 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0 - 2 1 1 .5 0

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0
2 5 7 .0 0

-

—
-

1 9 2 .3 0 - 1 7 5 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0 - 2 7 3 .0 0

_
-

7
2
5

29

103
21
82

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

7

27
3
29

1 9 9 .5 0 - 2 2 0 .5 0

1 .3 3 6
679
657
150

O PERA TO RS.
m a n u f a c t u r in g
-----N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

See

$
1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0
2 6 9 .5 0

A -----

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0

641
474
367

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 J .U

1 7 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0
2 7 3 .0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 - 1 7 1 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 - 2 1 6 .5 0
2 1 8 .0 0 - 2 7 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .3 0 - 1 5 6 .3 0
1 6 9 .5 0 - 2 5 7 .0 0

1U
j

of




B

t a b le s

-----

983
193
290
95

4

27
3

3
2
5

2

11
5
6
3

39
26
27

2
6
6

3

1

—
-

~

Table A -9 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers—large establishments
in Minneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

NiuuU*
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

s

1
125

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

an d
under

$
130

S

*
140

150

S
160

*
180

$
200

s
220

S
240

%

*

$
260

2 80

300

%
320

%

$
340

360

s

s
380

40 0

s

$
420

440

s
460

480

ALL

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

140

150

160

180

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

42 0

440

460

480

over

-

~

-

-

1
-

2
i
1

10
3
7

23
12
11

~

“

“

“

~

~

70
30
40
7

56
27
29
2

62
29
33
9

104
61
43
6

149
99
50
14

141
92
49
20

127
102
25
9

137
111
26
9

81
58
23
12

32
23
9
7

22
9

1

13
12

10
7
3
3

1
1

2
2

3
3

10
9

3
2

24
10

64

~

~

~

“

16
2

77
21
2

105
15
2

1 18
21
4

79
22
11

30
8
6

22
13
12

10
3
3

11
4
7

43
9
34
7

28
11
17
2

47
20
27
6

71
40

79
49

22
12
10
7

19
14
5
5

2
1
1
1

2
1
1
1

_

-

-

30
8

61
35
26
16

_

31
4

“

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

WORKERS

COMPUTER S YST E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

1 .0 2 7
664
363
110

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
3 6 2 .0 0
3 7 0 .5 0
3 4 6 .5 0
3 8 3 .5 0

$
3 6 5 .5 0
3 7 5 .0 0
3 4 7 .5 0
3 7 6 .5 0

$
$
3 2 6 .5 0 - 4 0 2 .5 0
3 4 0 .5 0 - 4 0 6 .0 0
3 0 2 .5 0 - 3 8 4 .5 0
3 4 6 .5 0 - 4 2 9 .0 0

COMPUTER S YS T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

54 8
146
42

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 9 4 .0 0
3 8 6 .0 0
4 3 7 .5 0

3 9 8 .0 0
3 8 5 .0 0
4 4 0 .0 0

3 6 8 .0 0 - 4 2 1 .0 0
3 5 4 .5 0 - 4 2 6 .5 0
4 2 1 .5 0 - 4 6 5 .0 0

---------------------------U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

393
197
196
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 3 3 .0 0
3 4 4 .0 0
3 2 2 .0 0
3 5 2 .0 0

3 3 6 .0 0
3 4 7 .5 0
3 2 6 .0 0
3 6 1 .5 0

3 0 4 .0 0 - 3 6 2 .5 0
322 .5 0 - 3 6 7 .0 0
2 8 0 .5 0 - 3 5 7 .0 0
3 1 5 .0 0 - 3 7 9 .5 0

COMPUTER S YS T E M S A N A LY S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

86
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 9 .5 0
2 8 4 .5 0

2 8 4 .5 0
2 8 0 .5 0

2 6 4 .5 0 - 3 1 3 .0 0
2 6 4 .5 0 - 3 0 2 .5 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

1 ,1 0 4
682
422
147

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 0 1 .0 0
3 1 0 .0 0
2 8 6 .5 0
3 3 6 .5 0

2 9 7 .0 0
3 0 8 .0 0
2 8 6 .0 0
3 3 1 .5 0

2 6 2 .5 0 - 3 3 3 .5 0
2 7 4 .0 0 - 3 4 0 .5 0
2 4 0 .5 0 - 3 1 7 .5 0
2 9 8 .5 0 - 3 7 4 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

342
171
171
45

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 3 3 .0 0
3 5 4 .5 0
3 1 2 .0 0
3 9 1 .0 0

3 3 1 .0 0
3 5 6 .5 0
2 9 8 .0 0
3 9 1 .0 0

291 .0 0 - 3 7 7 . 5 0
3 2 2 .0 0 - 3 8 9 .5 0
270 .5 0 - 3 4 5 .0 0
3 6 6 .0 0 - 4 2 7 .5 0

COMPUTER S YS T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------n o nm anu fac tu ring

PUBLIC

-

130

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~
_

_
-

-

“

”

_

_

-

1
-

i
-

-

1

i

6
i
5

”

“

~

1
1

3
2

10
8

24
21

18
15

12
8

9
7

6
2

3
1

55
s

54
15
39
1

153
111
42
10

170
102
68
16

145
97
48
20

133
102
31
18

92
73
19
15

65
42
23
23

33
21
12
12

24
19
5
5

16
8
8
8

10
5
5
5

1
1

47
1

136
69
67
13

2
2
-

14
1
13

24
5
19

24
4

47
10
37

41
17
24
2

38
25
13
1

32
25
7
3

41
31
10
10

28
18
10
10

24
19
5
5

16
8
8
8

10
5
5
5

1
1

20
1

3
1
2
2

_

-

_

-

~
-

_

“

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

i

i
-

1
1
-

13
5
8

”

“

-

~

“

_
~

_

~
.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

_

_

_

C O M P U T E R P R OG R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

522
324
198
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 9 7 .0 0
3 0 9 .0 0
2 7 7 .0 0
3 2 0 .5 0

3 0 1 .5 0
3 1 1 .5 0
2 6 8 .5 0
3 2 3 .0 0

2 6 7 .0 0 - 3 2 8 .5 0
2 8 8 .5 0 - 3 3 2 .5 0
2 3 8 .5 0 - 3 1 3 .5 0
2 9 9 .0 0 - 3 5 1 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

230
53

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 5 9 .5 0
2 3 9 .5 0

2 6 3 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0

2 4 6 .5 0 - 2 7 8 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0 - 2 6 3 .5 0

-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

78 6
442
344
111

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 5 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0
2 3 0 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
2 1 3 .5 0
2 7 2 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0 - 2 3 5 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 - 2 2 5 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0 - 2 6 4 .0 0

1
1
-

2 2 8 .5 0 - 3 1 4 .5 0

-

4
i
3
1

256
147
109

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 3 7 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0
2 5 6 .0 0
2 8 9 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0
2 4 6 .0 0
2 8 4 .0 0

2 0 3 .5 0 - 2 5 8 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0 - 2 4 8 .0 0
2 1 5 .5 0 - 2 6 4 .0 0
2 7 0 .5 0 - 2 9 3 * 5 0

_

_

C O M P U TE R

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

---------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N h A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

38

-

3
3

“

“

~

17
13
4

i

42
33
9

7

93
76
17
In

59
48
11
11

24
11
13
13

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

7
1
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

5

26
21

7
5

57
7

76
6

34
5

15
2

2
1

1
1

1 12
74
38

170
97
73
9

152
97
55
6

108

62
39

23
5
18
17

26
-

23
4

35
18
17
12

16
2
14
5

11
2
9
6

46

48
30

44

49
28
21
4

22
11
11
6

22
5
17
16

1

4
2
2
2

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

8
6
2

18

36
10

18
1

29
15
2

-

89
67
22
16

55
14
41

10

2

_

-

85
59
26
11

33
12
21
1

1

i

'

_

51
35
16
3

27
1
26
1

59
49
25

_
-

~

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




“

~

26
23

1
1

-

-

“

“

“

_
-

Table A -9 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers—large establishments
in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

N u m b er of w o rk e rs

Median 2

Middle range2

r e c e iv in g
3

t

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f -s

s

$

$

s

%

s

$

%

S

%

$

$

$

s

$

130

140

150

le O

is o

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

40 0

420

440

460

480

140

150

160

180

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

38 0

400

42 0

440

460

480

over

1
1

1
1

9
6
3

37
10
27

13
11
2

25

12

~

~

-

1
1

25
22

12
3

4
i
3

-

37
5

58
27
31
23

1
~

-

3
2
1

9 0
53

-

_

-

-

125
Mean2

s

s

$

Average
weekly

and
under
130

and

A L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS -

CONTINUED

COMPUTER O PER ATOR S . CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

351
153
198
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
2 1 9 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0

$
2 0 8 .0 0
2 1 0 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0
2 6 4 .0 0

$
$
1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0 - 2 2 5 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0 - 2 3 9 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0 - 3 1 4 .5 0

-

-

"

83
33
50
3

“

13
7
6
6

C O M PU TE R O P E R A T O R S . C LA S S C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

179

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 8 3 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .5 0

-

3

14
11

33
27

67
58

41
28

14
14

6
3

-

-

142

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

-

-

-

-

1

*

D R A F T E R S ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1 .0 6 2
966
96
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 9 .0 0
2 5 7 .0 0
2 7 8 .5 0
2 9 7 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0
2 5 2 .0 0
2 8 5 .5 0
3 0 1 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0 - 2 9 9 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0 - 2 9 3 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0 - 3 1 7 .5 0
2 6 3 .5 0 - 3 2 5 .0 0

_

-

2

-

-

~

4
4

-

2

-

116
113
3

127
120

-

*

7
3

152
136
16
12

126
120
6

-

46
42
4
2

-

125
118
7
7

104
93
11
11

105
88
17
17

62
53
9
9

43
40
3
3

18
14
4
4

485
445

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 0 4 .5 0

3 0 1 .0 0

2 7 4 .0 0 - 3 2 8 .0 0

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2 9 8 .5 0

2 7 1 .5 0 - 3 2 5 .5 0

"

-

-

-

-

"

-

51
51

81
81

88
80

100
87

56
51

43
40

16
14

13
&

17
17

2

3 0 2 .0 0

16
16

"

-

-

-

40

4 0 .0

3 3 3 .0 0

3 1 6 .0 0

3 0 1 .0 0 - 3 6 2 .0 0

8

13

5

3

4

5

-

2

-

-

-

326
293

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 8 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0

2 3 4 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0

2 1 9 .5 0 - 2 5 6 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0 - 2 5 3 .0 0

-

16
13

5
1

6
2

-

“

-

"

-

-

-

-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

223
217

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 6 .5 0

1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 1 0 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 1 0 .0 0

-

R EG IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSES M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

110
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 6 2 .5 0
2 6 4 .5 0

2 6 4 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0

2 3 6 .0 0 - 2 8 0 .5 0
2 4 4 .0 0 - 2 8 0 .5 0

18
15

6
4

1
1

-

3
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

A -------------------

M AN U FA C TU R IN G

------------------------:
U T I L I T I E S ---------------

-

“

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
8
5
5

17
17

2

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

n o nm an u fac tu rin g

PUBLIC
d r a ft e r s

,

class

m anufacturing

b
------------------------------------------

-

-

-

19
17

65
62

100
96

72
66

43
36
1

2

4
4

39
39

91
90

58
56

25
24

3
3

1

-

_

_

_

_

12
2

21
16

17
16

32
26

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




2

-

_

-

-

~

19

Table A-10. Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x large establishments in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
Average
(mean2)
Sex, 3

o c cu p a tion , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O F F IC E

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

WOMEN

o f f ic e

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

o c c u p a t io n s

Weekly
houre
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

P R O F E S S IO N A L
O C C U P A T IO N S -

-

W O M EN — C O N T IN U E D
:
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

Average
(m ean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

and

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

t e c h n ic a l

M E N — C O N T IN U E D

s e c r e t a r ie s

1 .0 8 0
235

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

2 0 9 .0 0
2 6 3 .5 0

O RDER

C LERKS

O RDER
S E C R E T A R IE S . C L A S S a :
N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ---p u b l ic
u t il it ie s
-

-

C O N T IN U E D

CLERKS.

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

121
53

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

2 5 8 .0 0
2 9 3 .5 0

A C C O U N T IN G

B

---------------

---------------------

121
102

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0

--------------------------

779

3 9 .5

1 6 3 .0 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A :
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

339

3 9 .5

1 7 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . C L A S S B l
N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN S ---P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -

300
68

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

2 1 9 .0 0
2 8 3 .5 0

, c la ss c:
N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----

30 7

3 9 .5

2 0 0 .5 0

c l e r k s ,
c la ss
B -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

1 .5 9 0
928
1 .1 1 2

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

652
398
259
55

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0
1 9 2 .0 0
2 3 1 .5 0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

256
176

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 1 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0

ENTRY O PER A T O R S:
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

570

3 9 .5

1 6 1 .0 0

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

937
165
272
95

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0

s e c r e t a r ie s

S E C R E T A R IE S .

C LA SS D
------m a n u f a c t u r in g
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE S

a c c o u n t in g

KEY
S E C R E T A R IE S . C L A S S E :
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------ST EN O G R A PH ER S. G ENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------TRA NSC R I S I N G - M A C H I N E

T Y P IS T S

T Y P IS T S

---------------m a n u f a c t u r in g
—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S

69

3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0

368
180

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 0 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

89

3 9 .0

1 5 6 .0 0

890
361
529

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 0 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0

930
219

1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , C LA SS A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

211

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

T Y P IS T S . C LA SS B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S

959
136
318

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 0 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0

328
272

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

F I L E C L E R K S , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------

199
118

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 5 . OU

F IL E C LE R K S, C LA SS C
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S —

199
125

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

M E S S E N G E R S --------MAN U FA C TU R IN G

222

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S —

F I L E C L E R K S ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
O C C U P A T IO N S

T E C H N IC A L
- H EN

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------

92

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

998
120
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

3 9 5 .0 0
3 9 6 .5 0
9 9 1 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

C O M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

290
150
190
93

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

3 3 9 .5 0
3 9 5 .5 0
3 3 3 .0 0
3 6 1 .0 0

103

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

CO M PU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S C -----------------

69

9 0 .0

2 9 8 .0 0

159
58
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

828
299
112

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

3 0 8 .5 0
2 9 6 .5 0
3 9 3 .0 0

83

3 9 .5

1 5 7 .0 0

C O M PU T ER PRO G RA M M ERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C u t i l i t i e s ------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N I S T S -

O RD E R C L E R K S ----------M AN U FA C TU R IN G
NO NM A NU FAC TUR ING

166
55

1 11

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 9 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




20

-

$

802
523
279

3 6 7 .5 0
3 7 2 .0 0
3 5 8 .5 0
3 9 2 .5 0

CO M PU TER PR O G R A M M ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

380
133
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

3 0 2 .0 0
2 8 5 .5 0
3 2 4 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

998
278
220

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 1 7 .5 0
2 0 5 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

177
87
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

2 4 3 .0 0
2 6 4 .0 0
2 9 7 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

205
97

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 2 0 .0 0
2 1 9 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

116
91

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0

-------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

870
787
83
62

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 6 2 .5 0
2 6 0 .0 0
2 8 6 .5 0
3 1 2 .5 0

931
391

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

3 0 6 .0 0
3 0 3 .0 0

90

9 0 .0

3 3 3 .0 0

D R A F T E R S , c l a s s B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

265
231

4 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 4 .0 0

, c l a s s c --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

162
156

9 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 4 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

257
131
126
35

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 7 7 .0 0
2 9 0 .0 0
2 6 3 .5 0
3 1 6 .0 0

CO M PU TER PR O G R A M M ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A -----------------------------------

57

3 9 .0

3 0 3 .5 0

CO M PU TER PR O G R A M M ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

123
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 8 0 .5 0
2 6 0 .5 0

77

3 9 .5

2 5 2 .5 0

57

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .5 0

97
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 5 9 .5 0
2 6 1 .0 0

d r a ft er s

d r a f t e r s

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - WOMEN
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

C O M PU T ER
c la ss

S W IT C H B O A R D

(B U S IN E S S )

D R A F T E R S , C L A S S A ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S :
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

C LERKS:

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CO M PU TER PR O G R A M M ER S
C O N T IN U E D

285
152
133
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

3 3 9 .0 0
3 5 7 .0 0
3 1 8 .5 0
3 9 1 .5 0

C O M PU TER

c

PR O G R A M M ER S ( B U S I N E S S ) .
-----------------------------------

O PERA TO RS.

CLASS

C

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

Table A -11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., January 1978
Hourly earnings 4

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of-

*
4 .7 0
Mean 2

Median*

Middle range 2

t

i

5

■---- *---- i ---- 5--5

%

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

.4 0

3
6•.8 0

$
7 .2 0

*
7 .6 0

$
8 .0 0

$
8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

.8 0

7' . 2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 . 2 0 1 1 . 6 0

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

$
s
$
$
i"
9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 .2 0

and
4 .8 0

ALL

t
4 .8 0

WOR K ER S

M AINTENANCE CAR PENTERS M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N h A N U F A C T U R I N G -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --

145
74
71
39

$
7 .7 8
7 .4 1
8 .1 6
7 .0 9

$
7 .3 9
7 .3 9
7 .2 5
6 .8 2

$
7 .0 1 7 .1 5 6 .8 2 6 .8 0 -

$
7 .9 1
7 .6 8
9 .8 6
7 .1 2

23
7
16
16

28
9
19
19

28
23
5
-

27
25
2
2

M AINTENANCE E L E C T K IC I A N S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

353
278

8 .8 8
8 .6 4

8 .8 0
8 .8 0

7 .9 6 - 1 0 .0 0
7 .9 6 - 9 .5 1

2
2

23
23

6
6

93
87

90
50

8 .1 4
7 .8 7

8 .1 6
7 .6 8

7 .3 9 7 .4 1 -

9 .1 3
8 .3 2

6
2

9
5

15
8

MAINTENANCE M AC H IN IST S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

378
370

8 .2 3
8 .1 9

8 .4 2
8 .4 2

7 .9 6 7 .9 6 -

8 .4 2
8 .4 2

4
4

5
5

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M AC H IN E RY ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

515
446
69
4b

7 .8 7
7 .8 1
8 .2 6
8 .6 8

7 .7 3
7 .7 3
8 .4 5
8 .4 5

7 .3 1 7 .0 7 7 .6 3 7 .9 8 -

8 .4 2
8 .4 2
a. 4 5
9 .8 6

34
34

92
81
11

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) -----NO NM A NU FAC TUR ING - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

275
239
188

8 .2 6
8 .2 8
8 .4 1

8 .1 5
8 .2 5
8 .6 1

7 .7 0 7 .7 6 7 .4 4 -

8 .6 7
8 .8 7
8 .9 3

_

5

-

-

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

121
114

8 .7 7
8 .7 1

8 .7 5
3 .7 5

8 .7 5 8 .7 5 -

9 .2 8
9 .2 8

2
2

M I L L W R I G H T S -------MANUFACTURING

166
159

8 .0 2
8 .0 0

7 .8 0
7 .8 0

7 .6 8 7 . 6 8-

6 .3 2
6 .2 6

-

67

MAINTENANCE P A IN T E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

69

6 .6 0

6 .6 6

6 .6 6 -

506
505

8 .4 5
8 .4 5

8 .4 7
8 .4 7

8 .3 3 8 .3 3 -

8 .4 7
8 .4 7

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

384
96
288

8 .2 1
8 .3 3
8 .1 7

8 .2 7
8 .5 0
8 .2 7

8 .1 5 8 .1 5 8 .1 5 -

8 .4 7
8 .8 0
8 .4 7

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

95
60

7 .2 9
7 .9 1

7 .3 7
7 .9 4

5 .8 7 7 .4 2 -

8 .2 1
8 .3 0

TRADE S

HELPERS

i
i
_

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




14
ii

71
70

7
7

14
14

19
16

1
1

16
16

124
124

21
21

82
77
5
3

110
93
17
9

54
53
53

5
5

17

9
-

21

17
1

9

-

-

-

33
36

2

53

40

-

-

34

16
3

1
1

6

2

1

-

“

-

-

182
182

16
16

3

-

5

1

_

-

“

1

-

44
43
1
i

75
55
20
20

44
44

18
18
-

16
1
15
15

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

~

56
38
13

43
43
22

23
21
21

66
58
58

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

21
21
21

4
4

3
2

_

69
69

2
2

30
30

4

_

_

-

5
5

7
7

104
104

26
19

_

3
3

20
20

_

_

1
1

6 .6 8

T O O L AND D I E M A K E R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

M AINTENANCE

1
1
-

-

5
2
3
1

3
3

75
75

90
90

252
252

62
62

21
21

14
10
4

30
2
28

6
6
-

163
21
142

130
32
98

22
20
2

20
10

13
13

9
9

15
15

10
10

-

-

“

2
-

-

2

-

-

2

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

2
1

-

-

5
5

6

-

-

-

-

6

“

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial w orkers—large establishments
in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
Hourly earnings 4

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of—
$
2 .7 0

$
2 .80

$
3 -0 0

$
3 « 20

$
3 .40

s
3 .60

s

%

*

3,

*

s

5

%

9 .2 0

9 .90

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .8 0

s
7 .20

S

4 .00

s
6 .4 0

%

3 .80

s
%
4 .8 0 5 .2 0

%

2 -9 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

2 .8 0

2 .90

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .9 0

3 .60

3 .80

9 .00

9 .2 0

9 .9 0

4 .80

5 .2 0 5 .60

6 .0 0

6 .9 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .9 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

7

-

3

84

13
13

49
5

“

3

“

~

7

“

3

75

18
5
13

-

“

29
19
10

90

“

90

44

89
35
59

519
96
4 68

153
153
*

s
2 .6 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

a nd
under
2 .7 0

A LL

W O R K ER S

T R U C K D R IV E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

1 .30 2
285
717

$
8 .08
8 .3 3
7.98

$
8 .5 0
8 .9 0
8 .5 0

----

2 20

7 .79

T R U C K D R IV E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A IL E R
N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

309
297
202

8 .3 2
3 .37
8 .3 7

T R U C K D R IV E R S .

%

L IG H T

TRUCK

$
8 .0 5 8 .2 9 -

$

7 .7 7 -

8 .5 8
8 .9 0
8 .5 0

8 .9 0

5 .8 7 -

8 .5 8
8 .5 a
8 .5 0

-

8 .9 0

8 .5 0 8 .5 0 8 .5 0 -

-

9

~

“

-

8 .5 8
8 .5 9
8 .5 8

2

2

-

12

2

-

-

127

2

75

12
6

-

6
6
6

92
92
30

4

-

“

2 93
293
166

6

29

-

-

97
21
26

12

-

-

~

-

12

“

~

28

-

-

-

--------------------------------

116

6 .28

5 .8 0

5 .9 0 -

7 .67

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

~

-

1

52

4

9

7

9

R E C E I V E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------

192
60
132

6 .2 5
6.67
6 .06

6 .9 0
6 .9 0
6 .9 0

5 .2 1 6 .0 9 5 .0 0 -

7 .66
7 .6 6
7 .6 9

-

-

-

-

-

4

20

-

-

1

-

9

9

8

20

“

-

1

”

4
5

4
5

5

4
3
1

51
12
39

12

4

14
4
10

3

1

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

117
62

6 .7 9
6 .52

6 .6 5
6 .6 5

6 .0 6 6 .6 2 -

7 .6 3
6 .6 5

9
9

48
98

2
2

-

2

-

~

“

“

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN o ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

660
126
539
113

7 .3 8
5 .96
7 .7 2
6 .92

7 .6 0
6 .5 5
7 .68
6 .9 7

6 .7 3 4 .6 9 7 .1 5 6 .9 7 -

8 .4 9
6 .7 3
d .6 9
7 .27

-

25
11
19
4

67
64
3

O R D E R F I L L E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ----------------

1 .0 0 8
90 7
601

5 .9 8
5.77
6 .1 3

6 .3 9
5 .58
7 .5 5

4 .4 15 .2 4 3 .9 9 -

7 .5 5
0 .8 8
8 .0 5

59
50
4

15
11
4

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N K A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------

618
505
113

5.77
5 .7 9
5 .66

5 .7 0
5 .7 0
5 .3 0

5 .3 7 5 .3 7 9 .7 0 -

5 .9 9

24
29

-----m a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ----------------

1.78 6
657
1 .129

5 .8 9
6*08
5 .7 8

5 .9 9
5 .7 7
6 .0 9

9 .5 35 .1 9 3 .9 0 -

7 .60
7 .0 6
7 .67

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------

785
515
270

7 .10
6 .6 4
7.98

6 .9 0
6 .9 2
8 .1 5

6 .9 2 5 .9 9 7 .7 7 -

7 .90
7.31
8 .58

PO U ER-TRU C K O PER A T O R S
(O T H E R THAN F O R K L I F T ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------

166
130

5 .93
6 .6 5

6 .9 7
6 .8 9

5 .9 7 6 .0 4 -

7 .21
7 .21

30

9 .59
5 .8 1
3 .90
7 .2 3

9 .9 0
5 .7 2
3 .2 0
7 .8 9

2 .7 0 5 .3 J2 .6 5 6 .9 0 -

5 .89
6 .3 6
9 .52
7 .89

2 58
2 58

5 .15
9 .96

4 .4 0
4 .4 0

9 .9 0 9 .9 0 -

5 .89
5 .7 0

S H IP P E R S

M A T E R IA L

H A N D L IN G

la bo r er s

G U A R D S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------G U A R D S . C L A S S A -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------

1 .093
373
6 70
96
256
2 25

5 .93
7 .5 5

27
2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

1

_

-

-

-

3

3

3

-

3

-

-

3

3

3

-

3

1

60

93

21

16

39

-

71
62

1

60

93

21

16

39

“

9

-

3

3

-

9

6

-

1

“

1

97
44
3

-

-

-

-

6
4

12
8

53
39
19

90

32
31

90

110
109
1

18

-

6

12

1

-

1

9

~

93

104

-

2 96

91
55

93
42

104

-

296

83
83

199
27
1 72

i
-

169

-

i

169

*

111
75

i
-

-

-

98

-

-

-

7

“
-

-

-

3

“

4

78
64
19

169
193
26

173
169
4

19
16

3

3

-

~

3a

i

-

“

28
2
26

97
79
23

196
118
28

115

112

105

67
36
31

113
109
4

91
35
6

255
22
233

93
4
89

125
25
100

-

61
59

183
66
1 17

24
29

-

-

108
108

69
39
25

131
118
13

91
85
6

108
102
6

66
59

69
27
42

129
s
1 19

22
22

15
15

25
19

3
3

58
58

2
2

2
2

1
1

73
72
1
1

12
12
-

26
6
20
20

4

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

12
2
10
10

-

-

-

-

-

5

4
4

-

-

19

1

-

3

3

“

9

6

9

3

2

2

69

35

32

92

216

1

9

3

2

2

69

35

32

92

216

1

8
8
30
30

5
5

10
-

10

26
26

17
5
12

7
5
2

11
8
3

1
1

27
6
21
1
2
2

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




3

-

-

22

7
1
6
“

2
2

_

_

-

_
-

172
17
155

30
9
21

103
91
17
1

107
51
56
9

100
87
13

11
11

15
15

97
97

39
13

“

131
131

7

-

-

-

7

-

-

_
-

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., January 1978 — Continued
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b er of w o rk e rs

Mean *

Median*

Middle range 2

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f -$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

4 .4 0

5 .2 0

6 .0 0

>•80

$
7 .2 0

S
7 .6 0

8 .0 0

S
8 .4 0

s

.2 0

*
6 .4 0

s

1 .0 0

*
5 .6 0

*

.8 0

*
4 .8 0

t

2 .9 0

i
3 .2 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

.0 0

1 .2 0

i . 40

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

r .20

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

-

-

-

1
-

92
91
1
1

60
51
9
9

73
72
1
1

12
12
-

12
2
10
10

-

-

-

1

14
9
5

21

-

36
17
19

61
61

-

7
7

3

16
16

-

472
383
89
14

106
78
28
10

278
190
88

337
309
28
28

108
10
98
98

13
-

3

27
2
25

$
2 .8 0

%

2 .7 0

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

r e c e iv in g
1
3 .0 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .8 0

-

S
2 .6 0

Number
of

3

8 .8 0

and
under

A LL W O RK ERS—
C O N T IN U E D
GUARDS

-

C O N T IN U E D

G U A R D S . C L A S S B ------------------------N A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N h A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

413
342
71
42

$
5 .8 0
5 .7 4
6 .0 7
7 .1 3

$
5 .7 2
5 .7 2
5 .9 3
7 .3 5

$
5 .3 0 5 .3 0 4 .7 26 .1 4 -

$
6 .6 7
6 .4 7
7 .8 4
7 .8 4

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N h A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

4 .2 5 1
1 .0 6 9
3 *1 6 2
250

4 .6 7
5 .5 5
4 .3 6
6 .2 2

4 .5 6
5 .5 6
4 .5 6
6 .4 2

4 .0 4 5 .1 0 3 .5 5 5 .6 6 -

5 .1 0
6 .1 9
4 .5 6
6 .4 7

-

1
-

1

6
5
1

5
5
-

8
8
-

1
1
-

9
6
3
1

2
1
1
~

-

506

302
2
300

156
156
4

29
5
24

37

69
14
55

1734
33
1701

4
502

S ee f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




23

i

9
28
2

3

61

-

13
13

33
29
4
4

1
20
20
4
4

-

-

13
1
12
12

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex—large establishments in Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., January 1978
Sex,

3o c c u p a t i o n ,

and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2
hourly
earnings

Sex,

? t o o l r o o m ? and
O C C U P A T IO N S - H E N

m a in t e n a n c e

PO W ERPLA N T

o ccupation,

m a t e r ia l

m o vem en t

o c c u p a t io n s

74

$
7 .4 1

348
278

8 .9 0
8 .6 4

----

87
376
368

8 .2 3
8 .1 9

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

51 1
446
65
44

7 .8 7
7 .8 1
8 .3 1
8 .7 9

-

and

m en

Number
of
worker-:

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings *

c u s t o d ia l

— c o n t in u e d

8 .1 7

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------

and in d u s try d iv is io n

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S !
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------m a in t e n a n c e

e l e c t r ic ia n s

m a n u f a c t u r in g

M A IN T E N A N C E

----------

P A IN T E R S

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S
(M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

R E C E I V E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G - N O N N A N U F A C T U R IN S

150
52
98

6 .8 6
6 .9 3
6 .8 1

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E I V E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------

114
59

6 .7 6
6 .5 5

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G - N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S

588
108
480

7 .4 6
5 .8 3
7 .8 3

--------

639
253
386

6 .9 7
6 .2 8
7 .4 3

-------------------------

357
284

5 .8 4
5 .7 9

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S ---------

1 *5 4 4
628
916

6 .1 2
6 .1 2
6 .1 3

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------

775
511
264

7 .1 1
6 .6 5
8 .0 0

PO W ER -T R U C K O PER A T O R S
( O T H E R TH A N F O R K L I F T ) ---M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------

136
130

6 .6 5
6 .6 5

G U A R D S ----------------------------------------N O N m A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

898
625

4 .3 2
3 .7 8

G U A R D S ? C L A S S A -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------

250
219

5 .1 6
4 .9 6

2 .6 6 0
1 .8 7 1

4 .6 8
4 .3 5

O R D E R F I L L E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

275
239
188

8 .2 6
8 .2 8
8 .4 1

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

120

8 .7 8

114

8 .7 1

M I L L U R I G H T S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

166
159

8 .0 2
8.00

T O O L AND D I E M A K E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------

506
505

8 .4 5
8 .4 5

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G I N E E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN S -

379
96
283

8.22

95
60

7 .2 9
7 .9 1

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----

8 .3 3
8 .1 9

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN
M A T E R I A L M O V EM EN T
O C C U P A T IO N S
981
285
696

8 .0 9
8 .3 3
7 .9 9

----------

220

T R U C K O R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------

306
294
199

8 .3 2
8 .3 7
8 .3 7

104

6 .4 6

AND C U S T O D I A L
- WOMEN

7 .7 4

T R U C K O R IV E R S

-------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
T R U C K D R IV E R S .

L IG H T

TRUCK

S H IP P E R S

--------------------------

369
154

4 .2 7
4 .9 4

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

---------------------------------------------------

261
221

5 .6 7
5 .7 9

1 .3 4 9

4 .3 6

O RD ER

F IL L E R S

JA N IT O R S .

S ee f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

24

------------------------------

PO RTERS.

AND

C LEA N ERS

----

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

Table B-1. M inim um entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in M inneapolis
St. Paul, M inn. —W is., January 1978
In e x p e r i e n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t -t im e

s a la r y 7

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 9 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

EST A BLISH M EN T S

e s t a b l is h m e n t s

M IN IMUM
U ND ER

O t h e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 8
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 9 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 83
/4

s t u d ie d

h a v in g

A SP E C IF IE D

-----------------* 1 0 0 .1 D U ------

$ 1 0 0 .0 0
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
i l l s . 00
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
* 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
$ 1 4 5 .0 0
$ 1 5 0 .0 0
* 1 5 5 .0 0
$ 1 6 0 .0 0
* l t > 5 . 00
* 1 7 0 .0 0
* 1 7 5 .0 0
* 1 8 0 .0 0
* 1 8 5 .0 0
$ 1 9 0 .0 0
$ 1 9 5 .0 0
* 2 0 0 .0 0
* 2 0 5 .0 0
* 2 1 0 .0 0
$ 2 1 5 .0 0
$ 2 2 0 .0 0
$ 2 2 5 .0 0
* 2 3 0 .0 0

AND
A ND
AND
A ND
A M□

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
AND UNDER
A n O UNDER
A ND UNDER
and
UNDER
AND UNDER
AND UNDER
AND UNDER
A (\iD UNDER
and
UNDER
and
UNDER
A ND UNDER
and
UNDER
and
UNDER
and
UNDER
and
UNDER
a iSD UNDER
j
AND UNDER
and
UNDER
UNDER
and
and
UNDER
AND UNDER
AND O V E R -

$ 1 0 5 .0 0
* 1 1 0 .0 0
* 1 1 5 .0 0
* 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
* 1 3 0 .0 0
* 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
* 1 9 5 .0 0
* 1 5 0 .0 0
* 1 5 5 .0 0
* 1 6 0 .0 0
* 1 6 5 .0 0
* 1 7 0 .0 0
* 1 7 5 .0 0
* 1 8 0 .0 0
* 1 8 5 .0 0
* 1 9 0 .0 0
* 1 9 5 .0 0
* 2 0 0 .0 0
* 2 0 5 .0 0
$ 2 1 0 . OJ
* 2 1 5 .0 0
* 2 2 0 .0 0
* 2 2 5 .0 0
* 2 3 0 .0 0

-

12
1

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V I N G NO S P E C I F I E D
M I N I M U M -------------------------------------E S T A B L I S H ME i « T S W H I C H D I O NOT E M P L O Y
W O R K E R S I N T H I S C A T E G O R Y --------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at e n d o f t a b le s .




25




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-tim e manufacturing production
and related workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M inn.—W is., January 1978
( A l l f u l l - t i m e m a n u f a c t u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n a n d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s = _ ^ O j) jD e £ c e n t ^
W o r k e r s o n la t e s h ift s

A l l w o r k e r s 10
Ite m

T h ir d

s h ift

S eco n d s h ift

PER C EN T
IN

E S T A B LIS H M E N T S

W ITH

OF

T h ir d s h ift

S econ d s h ift

9 3 .9

7 5 .4

2 U .3

6 .2

.9
92 . 9
79 . 4
1 1 .9
1 .6

.9
7 4 .5
6 4 .7
9 .8

.1
2 0 .2
1 7 .4
2 .4
.5

6 .1
5 .4
.7

2 7 .5

2 0 .8

2 6 .9

7 .8

5 .5

8 .1

1. 1

1 .7
1 .1
.3
3 .0
1 .9
.2
4 .6
.3
.3

.9
.5
1 .5
-

WORKERS

LATE

S H IF T

P R O V IS IO N S

W ITH NO P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T UORK
W ITH P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L A T E S H I F T WORK
U N IF O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------U N IF O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------O TH ER D I F F E R E N T I A L -------------------------------------------AVERAGE

PAY

U N IF O R M

C E N T S -PE R -H O U R

U N IF O R M

PER CEN TAG E

.1

D IF F E R E N T IA L
D IF F E R E N T IA L

D IF F E R E N T IA L

---------------

2 0 .3
5 .9

-----------------------

P E R C E N T OF WORKERS B Y T Y P E AND
AMOUNT OF P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L
U N IF O R M
12
14
15
17

CEn T S -P E R - h o u r :
7 .1
4 .2
1 .5
15 . 6
11 . 4
.8
17 . 2
2 .4
1

rr^ T C cJjT^
and

under

20

AND

??
“7

La
I t

66
&5

21

CENTS

-------------------------------------------

r r MT rr^ T ^
rr

28
33
33

UNDER

16

CENTS

-------------------------------------------

.0
-

9 .1

p ” _r
C U N T ''
and

unoer

34

CENTS

4 .3
1

.0
-

-------------------------------------------

r r ^t -rr
rr
ANO

UNDER

67

CENTS

1 .7
2 .1
-

-------------------------------------------

“

CCNTj

U N IF O R M p e r c e n t a g e ;
3 P E R C E N T --------------------A P E R C E N T --------------------5 AND UND ER 6 P E R C E N T
6 P E R C E N T --------------------7 AND UND ER 8 P E R C E N T
9 P E R C E N T --------------------10 P E R C E N T -------------------

.9
1 .9
4 .5
2 .5

-

2 .0

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

26

6 .9

-

2 .7
1 8 .2
3 .2
.6
2 .9
4 .9
6 .6
6 .6

-

1 .9
.9
1 .0
4 .1
1 .0
2 .1

_

.9
1 .9
2 .7
2 .5
1 .8

(i n

1 .7

.7
.5
-

.8
.5

•6
-

-

•4
.6

,i
(in
(in
-

-

(i n

“

.4

.3
.3
.8
.7
-

-

.2

_
-

,i
.i
.4

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-tim e first-shift workers in M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

Ite m
A ll in d ustries

P E R C E N T OF W O RKERS B Y
W E E K LY H OURS AND
A LL

A ll industries

M an u factu rin g

N o n m anufacturing

---------------

100

10 0

100

100

(1 2 )

_

(1 2 )

-

1
(1 2 )
2
(12)
-

3
1
-

3
(1 2 )
2
-

(1 2 )
6
6
( 12 )
-

( 12 )
4
4
-

86

86

~
86

(12)
85

1
83

-

-

_

-

_

86

99

62

81

52

(12 )
2
(12)
(12)

1
4
( 12 )

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

W O RKERS

20
30
35
36
36
36
37

H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------HOURS-** D A Y S --------------------------------1 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------2 / 3 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------1 / 2 H OURS --------------------------------------4 1 / 2 D A YS ------------------------------------5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------H O u R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------3 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------8 / 1 0 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ----------------------1 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------4
D A Y S ------------------------------------------4 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------------5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------H O U k S - 6 D A Y S --------------------------------3 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------------

99

8
8
(1 2 )
-

(1 2 )
(12)

100

100

_

_

-

-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
3
(12)
12
2
10
19
2
2
62

1
(1 2 )
8
8
-

4
6
81

100

(12 )
4
14
3
11
_

S CH ED U LES

-------------

39 .5

o

WORK

39 .0

4 0 .1

S e e f o o t n o t e a t e n d o f t a b le s .




4
4
_

27
3
-

8
-

52

88

-

_
88

_
'

o

W EEKLY

100

_

AVERAG E S CH ED U LED
W E E K L Y H OURS
ALL

P u b lic u tilities

D A Y S ---------------------------------

F U L L -T IH E

HOUR S - 5

42
44
45
48
53

N o n m an u facturin g

P u b lic u tilities

S CH ED U LED
DAYS

lb

38
38
38
39
40

M an u fa ctu rin g

27

39 .3

3 9 .7

39 .1

3 9 .8

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-tim e workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
O ff ic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s

PERCENT
ALL

F U L L - T IM E

OF

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

W ORKERS

WORKERS

-----------

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S ------------------------IN E ST A B LISH M E N T S P R O V ID IN G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S -------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN

AVERAGE

NU MB ER

FOR W O RK ER S
PR O VID IN G

OF

PA ID

3

1

6

-

(12)

-

(12 )

_

97

99

94

100

99

100

99

100

9 .0

9 .6

8 .2

9 .6

9 .2

9 .7

9 .0

9 .7

HO LID A Y S

IN E ST A B L ISH M E N T S
H O L I D A Y S ------------------

P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S B Y N U M B E R
OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D
1 HOLIDAY
2
6

7

8

9

10
11
12
13
19
19

----------------------------------

P L U S 1 H A L F DA Y --------------------H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DA Y --------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ------------------P L U S 3 H A L F D A Y S ------------------P L U S 5 H A L F D A Y S ------------------H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DA Y --------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ------------------P L U S 3 H A L F D A Y S ------------------H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DA Y --------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ------------------H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DAY --------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S ------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------H O L I O A Y S ------------------------------P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S
P A ID HOLIDAY TIM E

I
6
6
7
8
8
9
9
10
II
12
19
19

-

-

7
2
( 12)
1
1
6
( 12 >

1
22
1
1
32
7
1
1

20
i
1
95
10
2
i

-

-

1

99
99
93
93
90
83
82
62
61
19
4
2
2

-

-

-

4
3

-

-

-

2
1

5
4
-

3
-

( 12 )

-

(12 )
5
*

1
~
7
3
1
25

38

~

-

-

(12)
(1 2 )
5
1
2
(1 2 )
8
1
2
23
9
(1 2 )
35
3
1
1
2

( 12 )
3
-

1
( 12 )
7
(12)
( 12 )
13

6
i
2

2
_

-

_

9
2
3
29
1A

_

2
_

2

97
96
83
82
76
68
66
93
43
9
2
1
i

1
(1 2 )
21
1
(12)
10
-

-

-

(1 2 )
(12)
19
1
(12)
6
(12)
1
1
7
2

-

1
18
4
-

46
n

-

-

-

-

( 12 )
62
8
2
2
( 12 )

-

25
-

20
3
( 12 )

55
13

-

-

3

-

99
99
95
91
83
73
71
39
25
5
3
3

100
100
97
97
95
93
93
68
68
13

-

BY TO T AL
PR O V ID ED 1I
3

1 / 2 D A Y S OR n O R E --------------------D A Y S OR MORE --------------------------1 / 2 D A Y S OR M O R E --------------------D A Y S OR M UR E --------------------------D A Y S OR MORE --------------------------1 / 2 D A Y S OR M O R E --------------------D A Y S OR MORE --------------------------1 / 2 D A Y S OR M OR E --------------------D A Y S OR MORE ------------------------D A Y S OR MORE ------------------------O A Y S OR MORE ------------------------D A Y S OR MORE ------------------------D A Y S -------------------------------------

100
100
99
99
95
95
95
57
57
11

94
93
72
71
61
53
50
24
29
4
-

-

-

-

See footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




28

99
99
9o
93
88
78
77
32
43
6

3
2

100
100
98
98
95
87
87
73
73
11
4
(12 )

-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A H in d u s t r ie s

PERCENT

OF

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

---------

100

2

-

98
94
4

100
93
7

20
24
2

16
25
2

25
23
2

~
1

“
3

60
7
29
(12)

60
6
31

F U L L - T IN E

AH

in d u s t r ie s

WORKERS

100

6

1

2

3

OF

P A10

VACATION

Y E A R OF S E R V I C E :
1 W E E K ------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S -----------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S -----------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S
O V E R 4 AND U N O E R b W E E K S

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 W E E K ------------2 W E E K S ------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3
AND

1

4

-

(1 2 )

96
96

100
100

99
99
1

100
98
2

99
99

100
100

(1 2 )
48
4

4
45
23
5
(1 2 )

1
44
41
i
i

6
45
13

56
4

8

-

~

“

UNOER

4

WEEKS

19
3
68
6
(1 2 )
(12)
1

WEEKS

---------------

4

“

29
5
59
4
-

1
81
11
2
(1 2 )

2
79
12
5

59
9
28
(1 2 )

25
35
40
“
~

3

-

1

8
(1 2 )
78
8
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

“
62
35
-

2

3

-

--------

1

3

W E E K -----------------------------------

1
80
12
4
(1 2 )

1
79

-

1
84
10
(12)
(1 2 )

63
35
-

2

-

OVER

4

YEARS

AND
OF

UNDER

5

WEEKS

2

AND

under

3

WEEKS

--------

VER

3

AND

under

4

WEEKS

--------

13
5

-

4

AND

“

SE R V IC E :

VER

VER

100

1 00

“
~

“

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 W E E K ------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N O E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S -----------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S
3 W E E K S -----------------------o ver
3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
O V E R 4 AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S

3

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

under

5

_

100

(1 2 )

A F T E R : 14

MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
U N D E R 1 W E E K ---------------1 W E E K ------------------------O V E R 1 AND U N O E R 2 W E E K S
2 W E E K S -----------------------O V E R 4 AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S

OVER

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

IN

AMO UNT

M a n u fa c t u r in g

WORKERS

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S --------------------IN E ST A BLISH M EN T S PRO VID IN G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S --------------------L E N G T H - O F - T I M E P A Y M E N T -------P E R C E N T A G E P A Y M E N T --------------

ALL

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

WEEKS

--------

-

1

_

1
81
10
3
(12)

55
35
8
2

-

-

3

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




29

lb
1
81
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

2
(1 2 )
94
3
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

6
i
91
1
(12 >

24
1
75
(1 2 )
~

40
3
56
-

-

(1 2 )

-

1

-

-

3

1
(12 )

(1 2 )
96

-

97
1
(12 )
(1 2 )

1

~

-

89
6
( 12 )

_

3
-

(12 )

(1 2 )
94
4
1
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

88
9
2
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
1

97
2
1
(12 )

97
3

-

-

“

"

(1 2 )
90
5
5
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

_

(12 >

86
11
2
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
1

-

_

92
2
6
(1 2 )

85
3
12

-

-

-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e workers in Minneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t io n anc

r e la t e d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s

AR O UN T OF P A I D
CONTINUED
5

15

TEARS
OVER 1
2 WEEKS
OVER 2
3 WEEKS
OVER 3
A WEEKS
OVER A
b WEEKS

OF S E R V I C E :
AND U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------------------------AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------------------------AND U N D E R A W E E K S -------------------------AND U N D E R b W E E K S --------------------------

(12)
b 2
15
19
(12)

1
58
20
18
~
-

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

1

3

(12)
10
1
70
11
5
2

1
3
1
75
12
6
3

65
10
20
(12)

51
35
12
2
-

"

'

_

_

17
(12)
6A
11
3
(12)
~

(12 )
-

4
(12)
7A
11
6
(12)

(12)
-

“

“

T E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
2 W E E K S -------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S 3 W E E K S -------------------------over
3 and u n d e r a w e e k s A W E E K S -------------------------over
a
and
under
5 w eeks 5
W E E K S -------------------------

3
(12)
b 5
17
10
2
(12)

3

T E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
2 W E E K S -------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S 3 W E E K S -------------------------over
3 and u n d e r a w e e k s A W E E K S -------------------------O V E R A AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S 3
W E E K S -------------------------

2
(12)
3A
10
44
6
(12)

2A
17
50
3
1
3

3

2
~

(12)

2
(12)
14
1
57
3
13
6
1
(12)

61
37
~

(12)

2

2
(12)
2A
2
A5
~
1A
9
-

OVER
20

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

5

TEARS
2 WEEKS
OVER 2
3 WEEKS
OVER 3
A WEEKS
OVER A
5 WEEKS
OVER 5
b WEEKS
7 WEEKS

S ee

AND

UN DER

6

WEEKS

-

OF S E R V I C E :
-------------------------ANO U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------------------------AND U N O E R A W E E K S —
-------------------------AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S —
-------------------------AND U N O E R b W E E K S —
---------------------------------------------------

fo o tn o te s

at end

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

61
6
30
(12)
(12)
(12)

39
16
AA
( 12 )
(12)
1

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A F T E R 14

T E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
1 W E E K --------------------------2 W E E K S -------------------------OVER 2 a nd U n d e r 3 W E E K S 3 W E E K S -------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R V W E E K S A W E E K S -------------------------O V E R A AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S -

10

12

VACATIO N

M a n u fa c t u r in g

57
22
15
3
1

3
-

6
1
67
5
13
3
2
( 12)

57
A1
~
2
“

”

2
(12)
44
3
37

(1 2 )
26
4
33
35

3

2

(1 2 >
2
~

50
12
37

o f t a b le s




30

_
4
1
88
3
3
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

4
(12)
77
7
12
(12)
(12)

3
(12)
44
6
A5
2
(12)
(12)

3
(1 2 )
a
1
75
1
11
2
(12)

_
1
1
87
7
3
1
( 12 >

7A
4
21
(12)
-

_
7
(1 2 )
89
1
3
(12 )
(12)

5
(12)

59
16
23
1
( 12 )

88
1
5
(12)
(12)

1
-

4
( 12 )

27
10
56
5
(1 2 )
1

53
3
38
1
(1 2 )

1

4
(1 2 )
11

-

-

(1 2 )

1
-

3
2
78
2
10
5

82
3
15
1

_
94
5
1
”

_
~
82
9
8
1
“

_
~
A2
4
51
3
-

”

-

73
(12)
11
( 12 )
(12 )

_
~

5
-

60
2
32
2
-

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978— Continued
O ffice w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t io n and r e la te d w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll industries

AMOUNT

OF

P A ID

VACATION

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities

Nonm an u facturin g

A ll in d ustries

M an u factu rin g

Nonm an u facturin g

P u b lic u tilities

A F T E R 14-

C O N TINUED
25

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
2 W E E K S ---------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S - 3 W E E K S ---------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S - 4 W E E K S ---------------------------O V E R 4 AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S —
5 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 W E E K S —
6 W E E K S --------------------------7 W E E K S ---------------------------O V E R 7 a n d UN DER a W E E K S —
a W E E K S ---------------------------

3D

YEARS

OF

3
-

12

6

2
(1 2 )
18

(1 2 )
-

1
4
45
37
12
-

2

33
3
36
6
3
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

35
5
42
4
4
(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )

31
1
30
9

2
(1 2 )
12
1
32
1
34
6
a
1
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

3
6
-

2
(1 2 )
18
2
31
-

(1 2 )
-

28
9
6
-

38
37
22

3
-

3
(1 2 )
7
47
3
36
3
2
-

1
3
38
(1 2 )
51
7
1
-

4
(1 2 )
9
52
5
27
(12 )
2
“

'

SE R V IC E !

2 W E E K S ---------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N D E R 3 W E E K S —
3 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S —
4 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 4 AND U N D E R 5 W E E K S - 5 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 W E E K S - 6 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 6 AND U N D E R 7 W E E K S —
7 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 7 AND U N D E R b W E E K S -8 W E E K S --------------------------MA XIMU M

2
(1 2 )

VACATIO N

2
1
-

-

1
3
“
38
47
5
7
i
-

4
(12 )
9
47
2
34
(12 )
4
-

2
(1 2 )
12

3
-

32
1
34
6
b

33
3
40
3
10

i
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

6

3
(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )

2
(12 )
18

(12 )

31
-

1
-

28
9
6
~
-

38
37
22

2

-

a t e n d o f t a b le s .




1
6
72
2
15
~

_
5
1
2
62
2
28
-

”

A V A ILA B LE!

2 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 2 AND U N O E R 3 W E E K S -3 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 3 AND U N D E R 4 W E E K S - 4 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 4 ANO U N D E R 5 W E E K S - 5 W E E K S --------------------------O V E R 5 AND U N D E R 6 W E E K S - 6 W E E K S ---------------------------O V E R 6 AND U N D E R 7 W E E K S —
7 W E E K S --------------------------over
7 and u n d e r a w e e k s —
a W E E K S ---------------------------

See fo o tn o te s

33
3
40
3
10
3
(1 2 )
1
(1 2 )

3
(1 2 )
7
44
i
38
2
5
(12)

5

31

3
(1 2 )
7

i
-

4

-

3

(12 )
9

5

44
1
36
2
5
(1 2 )
2
-

38
-

47
2

47
5
7
1
-

31
(1 2 )
4
3

1
2
62
2
28

“

Table B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s

PERCENT

OF

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilit ie s

WORKERS
100

.-1QD

100

100

9i*

100

99

100

99

100

88
75

100
86

96
73

99
83

98
68

100
84

61*
57

68
59

75
73

67
53

67
61

67
i*8

60
59

90

95

85

100

92

96

89

100

73
70

79
78

67
62

70
70

53
50

84
81

35
32

31
31

31

32

29

53

7b

83

71

71

8

6

11

(1 2 !

2

5

3

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------

19
10

23
15

19
5

1
1*
12

59
25

63
36

i*9
19

28
16

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N i n s u r a n c e ------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------

95
81

99

91
68

100
98

99

99

99

93

57

79

95

100
96

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E -----------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------

95
81

99
93

91
68

100
98

99
57

99
79

95

M ED ICAL IN SU RA N C E
NONCONTRIBUTORY

94

99

99

93

90
68

100

8 1

98

57

99
79

95

100
96

86
66

93

78

100

76

55

98

99
59

99
72

99
1*4

100
96

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E --------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------

<1
«
37

51
11
**

31
29

82
82

1*6
39

75
67

30
16

71
71

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N -----------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------

8**
78

89
83

79
73

89
89

85
79

9i*
83

80
77

76
76

ALL

FU L L - T IM E

WORKERS

--------

100

100

100

ONE OF T HE B E N E F I T S
B E L O W 1 5------------------------

97

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E ----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------

91
81

9U
86

A C C ID EN T A L d e a t h and
D I S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E -------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ---------

66
58

SIC KN ESS
OR S I C K

AND A C C I D E N T I N S U R A N C E
L E A V E OR B O TH 16----------

S I C K N E S S AND A C C I D E N T
I N S U R A N C E -------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y p l a n s -------

IN

E ST A B LISH M EN T S

LEAST
SHOWN

PRO VID IN G

S I C K L E A V E ( F U L L P A Y AND NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ! ----------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L P A Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ------------------

------------------P L A N S ----------

M AJO R M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E
NONCONTRIBUTORY P L A N S

-------------------

S e e fo o tn o tes at end of t a b le s




100

AT

1
*

99

98

100
96

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-tim e workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January'1978
P r o d u c t io n and r e la te d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M an u factu rin g

A ll in d ustries

A l l in d ustrie s

M an u factu rin g

Ite m
A ll
p lans 1
7

TYPE

OF
OF

N o n con trib u tory
plans 1
7

A ll
p l a n s 17

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

57

51

55

49

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n con trib u tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N o n con trib u tory
p lans 1
7

P L A N AND AMOUNT
INSURAN CE

A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S A R E P R O V I D E D T H E SA ME
F L A T - S U M D O L L A R AMOUNT:
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18------amount
of
in s u r a n c e
p r o v i o e d : 19
M E A N ------------------------------------M E D I A N ---------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ----M I D D L E R A N G E ( 6 0 P E R C E N T ) -----

AM OUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
W HICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D
D O L L A R ANOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E FO R A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H OF S E R V I C E :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 1 8 ----------------A M O UN T O F I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19 A F T E R :
6
M O N T H S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N ----------------------------------------------M E D I A N -------------------------------------------M ID D L E
R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------M ID D LE
R A N G E ( 6 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------1 Y E A R OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N ----------------------------------------------M E D I A N -------------------------------------------M ID D LE
R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------M ID D L E
R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------5
Y E A R S OF s e r v i c e :
M E A N ----------------------------------------------ME D I A N ------MI D O L E R ANG E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T )
MI D O L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T )
10 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E
ME A N --------HE D I A N ------MI D O L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T )
MI D O L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T )
2 0 Y E A R S OF S F R V I C E
ME A N ---------ME D I A N ------MI D O L E R AN G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T )
MI D O L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T )

*2
*1

*6 .7 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
000- 9 .0 0 0
000-11.000

,

.

4

*2.500
*1 .0 0 0
* 1 . 000- 5 .0 0 0
* 500- 5 .0 0 0

S6.700
*5.000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
*1,000-10.000

*7»300
*5,000
*3 ,0 0 0 - 6»500
*2 .000-10.000

*1 .6 0 0
*1 .0 0 0
*500- 3 .000
*500- 8 .0 0 0

2

4

3

*8 .5 0 0
*5.000
4 8 ,0 0 0 - 5.0 0 0
*8 .0 0 0-

5 .0 0 0

5 3 1 900
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
*3.300

*5.100
*5.000
*3 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
*2 .0 0 0 - 8 .0 0 0

28

25

*5.100
*5.000
* 3 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
*2,000-10.000

(1 2 )

(12 )

*800
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

*800
(6)
(6 )
(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
>

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
>
>
)

*500
*500- 1 .500
*500- 1 .5 0 0

*1 .1 0 0
*500
*500- 1.500
*500- 1 ,5 0 0

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
>

*3.000
*2,000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 3 .5 0 0
*2 .0 0 0 - 3,5 0 0

(6 )

*2.000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 3 .5 0 0
*2 .0 0 0 - 3.5 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
)

*1.600
*1 .0 0 0
* 1 ,0 0 0 - 2.0 0 0
*500- 8 .0 0 0

45 t 400
*3 .5 0 0
S3 t 0 0 0 - 8 . 0 0 0
$2 » 0 0 0 - l O t 0 3 0

$4 1 0 0 0
*3.000
* 3 ,0 0 0 - 8 .000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 8 ,0 0 0

*8.800
*8.000
*8 ,000-10.000
*8 ,000-10.000

*8 .1 0 0
*10.000
$6 * 5 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0
$2 * 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

*7.500
*10.000
*6.000-10.000
*2.000-10.000

$ 9 t 600
*1 0 .0 00
*1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
*6 .500-10.000

4 9 1 200
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

*2 ,0 0 0
* 2 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
*2 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0

*2,000-

*8.400
*10.000
* 10 t 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0
$2 t 0 0 0 - 1 0 , 0 0 0

*7.900
*10.000
*6 .000-10.000
*2 .000-10.000

*1 0 .2 00
*1 0 .0 00
1 1 0 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
*10.000-10.000

*10.300
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

*8 .1 0 0
*2.000
*2 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
*2 .0 0 0 - 6 .000

*8 .1 0 0
*2 .0 0 0
* 2 .0 0 0 - 6,0 0 0
*2 .0 0 0 - 6,0 0 0

33

700
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

15.300
*5.000
1 3 .0 0 0 - 6 .5 0 0
1 2 . 500- 10 ,0 0 0

2

*2.900
*1 .5 0 0
S i t 000- 8 .0 0 0
* 500- 5 .0 0 0

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

*5,300
*5 ,0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 - 6 ,0 0 0
*2 .5 0 0- 10 ,0 0 0

19

2

*8 .1 0 0
*4 t 00 0
* 8 .0 0 0 - 5.0 0 0
* 2 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

S e e fo o tn o te s at e n d o f t a b le s .




*7 .5 0 0
*5.000
*2 .5 0 0 - 6 .5 0 0
*2 .000-10.000

33

*1.100

*8,100

*3.000

*8.100
*2.000
1 2 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
6.0 0 0

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 >

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6
(6
(6
(6

(6
(6
(6
(6

)
)
)
>

)
)
)
>

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-tim e workers in M inneapolis—St. Paul, M in n .—W is., January 1 97 8— Continued
P r o d u c tio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M an u factu rin g

A l l in d ustries

M an u factu rin g

A l l in d ustries

Ite m
A ll
plans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
p l a n s 17

No n con trib u tory
plans 1
7

A ll
p lans 1
7

N o n co n trib u to ry
p lans 1
7

A ll
p l a n s 17

N o n con trib u tory
plans 1
7

T Y P E OF P L A N A idD AMOUNT
OF I N S U R A N C E - C O N T I N U E O

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S 8 A S E 0 ON A S C H E D U L E
W H I C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E F O R A S P E C I F I E D AMOUNT OF E A R N I N G S :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 1 8 -----------AMOUNT O F I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19 I F :
AN NU AL E A R N I N G S ARE 4 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -----------------------------------------M E D I A N --------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ----------M I D D L E R A N G E <o0 P E R C E N T ) ----------annual

are
* io »ooo:
-----------------------------------------M E D I A N --------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) ----------M I D D L E R A N G E < 80 P E R C E N T ) ----------e a r n in g s
are
* 1 5 . 000:
m e a n -----------------------------------------M E D I A N ---------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( o O P E R C E N T ) ----------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ----------E A R N IN G S ARE * 2 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------M E D I A N ---------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ----------M I D D L E R A N G E <60 P E R C E N T ) -----------

ANNUA L

ii

16

16

20

10

15

14

4 b . 400
45.000
*5 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
44 . 5 0 0 - 1 1 . 0 0 0

4 6 .2 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .4 0 0

4 6 .6 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
4 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 2 ,5 0 0

46,600
45,000
4 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

48,000
4 5 ,0 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 - 1 5 ,0 0 0

4 6 .7 0 0
45 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 - 7 .000
4 5 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

4 5 .0 0 0
4 5 ,0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

45 ,0 0 0
4 5 .0 0 0 - 5 ,0 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

49.5 0 0
4 1 0 .0 0 0
Sb . 5 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0
4 4 .5 0 0 - 1 3 .0 0 0

*8 ? 800
41 0 .0 0 0
4 6 .5 0 0 - 1 0 .0 0 0
4 4 .5 0 0 - 1 2 .5 0 0

4 a , 5 00
4 b .5 0 0
4 6 .5 00-10*000
4 4 ,5 0 0 - 1 3 ,0 0 0

4g.500
46*500
46*500 -1 0 .0 0 0
4 4 .5 0 0 - 1 3 ,0 0 0

4 19,203
415.000
4 1 0 .0 0 0 - 3 5 .0 0 0
4 6 .5 0 0 - 3 5 .0 0 0

4 1 2 .2 0 0
41 0 .0 0 0
4b» 5 0 0 - 1 3 .0 0 0
4 3 .0 0 0 - 2 2 .5 0 0

4 8 .2 0 0
46 .5 0 0
4 6 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
*1 .000-15,000

*7,900
*6,500
4 6 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
*1 ,000-13.000

41 2 .7 0 0
41 5 .0 0 0
$7 . 5 0 0 - 1 5 . 0 0 0
47 . 5 0 0 - 1 6 . 5 0 0

41 1 ,6 0 0
41 2 .0 0 0
4 7 .5 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
4 5 .5 0 0 - 1 6 .5 0 0

4 1 0 .6 0 0
4 7 .5 0 0
4 7 .5 0 0 - 1 5 .0 0 0
4 5 ,5 0 0 - 1 6 *5 0 0

410,600
4 7 ,5 0 0
4 7 .5 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
4 5 .5 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0

433,903
420,000
4 1 5 .0 0 0 - 7 5 .0 0 0
4 7 .5 0 0 - 7 5 .0 0 0

4 1 7 .2 0 0
4 1 5 .0 0 0
4 7 .5 0 0 - 1 7 .0 0 0
4 7 .5 0 0 - 3 2 .5 0 0

*1 1 .2 00
*7,500
*7 ,500-15.000
*1 .500-25,000

4 1 0 ,6 0 0
*7.500
*7 ,500-15.000
*1 ,500-16.500

41 6 .0 0 0
4 2 0.000
49 . 0 0 0 - 2 0 . 0 0 0
49 . 0 0 0 - 2 2 . 0 0 0

41 4 .3 0 0
4 12.000
4 9 .0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0
4 6 .0 0 0 - 2 0 .5 0 0

41 2 .7 0 0
4 9 .0 0 0
4 9 .0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0
4 6 ,0 0 0 - 2 2 .0 0 0

412.700
4 9 .0 0 0
4 9 .0 0 0 - 2 0 .0 0 0
4 6 .0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

4 44,000
4 25,000
4 2 0 .0 0 0 - 9 9 ,9 0 0
4 9 ,0 0 0 -9 9 .9 0 0

42 0 .1 0 0
42 0 .0 0 0
4 9 ,0 0 0 - 2 3 .0 0 0
4 9 .0 0 0 -4 2 ,5 0 0

4 1 4 ,1 0 0
*9.000
*9 .000-20.000
*2 .000-35.000

*1 3 ,1 00
*9 .000
*9 .000-20.000
*2 ,000-20,500

4 9 .4 0 0

4 5 .7 0 0

*5,500

e a r n in g s
m e a n

annual

12

AMOUNT

OF I N S U k A N C E I S E X P R E S S E D A S A F A C T O K OF
e a r n i n g s : 20
P E R C E N T OF » L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18----------------F A C T O R OF A N N U A L E A R N I N G S U S E D TO C A L C U L A T E
amount
of
i n s u r a n c e : 19 20
M E A N ---------------------------------------------M E D I A N ------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) --------------M I D D L E R A N G E <b0 P E R C E N T ) --------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S C O V E R E O 8Y
P L A N S NOT S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E ------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S C O V E R E D BY
P L A N S S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E ------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D M A X I M U M AM OUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19
M E A N ---------------------------------------------M E D I A N ------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) --------------M I O O L E R A N G E <60 P E R C E N T ) ---------------

annual

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D
OF p l a n :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E

ON

SOME

OTHER

13

1 .1 8
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

12

1.14
1.0 0
1 .0 0 - 1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

14

1 .2 3
1.00
1 .0 0 - 1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

1 .2 3
1 .0 0
1 .0 0-1.50
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

11

11

14

14

2

2

1

1

45 4 .2 0 0
45 0 .0 0 0
k50 . 0 0 0 - 5 0 . 0 0 0
14 0 . 0 0 0 - 9 0 . 0 0 0

45 7 .3 0 0
(6)
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 >
<6 )
(6)

(6
<6
<6
<6

)
>
)
)

37

1.4 3
1.0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

28

1 .2 4
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 - 1 .5 0
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

24

19

13

9

4 1 5 8 ,1 0 0
4 1 5 0 ,0 0 0
4 5 0 ,0 0 0 - 3 0 0 ,0 0 0
4 5 0 .0 0 0 - 3 0 0 .0 0 0

4 1 0 6 .6 0 0
4 5 0 .0 0 0
4 5 0 .0 0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0 0
4 5 0 .0 0 0 - 1 5 0 ,0 0 0

53

1.2 3
1.0 0
1 .0 0-1.50
1 .0 0 - 2 .0 0

46

7
*20 2 .90 0
*10 0 .00 0
*5 0 .000-250.000
*1 5 .0 00 -7 5 0 .0 00

44

1.09
1.0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .5 0

37

7
*212,500
*1 0 0 ,00 0
*50 ,0 00 -2 5 0 ,0 00
*1 5 .0 00 -7 5 0 .0 00

TYPE

W O R K E R S 18-------------

5

3

4

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




14

34

4

6

5

4

4

Footnotes

14
Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage
of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's
pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect
individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions
at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumula­
tive. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years
includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which
5
at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer.
"Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as w orkers' disability compensation, social se­
curity, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and
6
accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to
those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay
that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined
on an individual basis are excluded.
17 Estimates under "A ll plans" relate to all plans for which at least
a part of the cost is borne by the employer. Estimates under "Noncontrib­
utory plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer.
18 For "A ll in d u stries," all full-tim e production and related workers
or office workers equal 100 percent.
For "M anufacturing," all full-time
production and related workers or office workers in manufacturing equal 100
percent.
1 The mean amount is computed by multiplying the number of workers
9
provided insurance by the amount of insurance provided, totaling the prod­
ucts, and dividing the sum by the number of workers. The median indicates
that half of the workers are provided an amount equal to or smaller and half
an amount equal to or larger than the amount shown. Middle range (50 per­
cent)— a fourth of the workers are provided an amount equal to or less than
the sm aller amount and a fourth are provided an amount equal to or more
than the larger amount. Middle range (80 percent)— 10 percent of the work­
ers are provided an amount equal to or less than the sm aller amount and 10
percent are provided an amount equal to or more than the larger amount.
20 A factor of annual earnings is the number by which annual earnings
are multiplied to determine the amount of insurance provided. For example,
a factor of 2 indicates that for annual earnings of $ 10,000 the amount of
insurance provided is $ 20, 000.

Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive
their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at reg­
ular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly
hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of
all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median desig­
nates position— half of the workers receive the same or more and half re­
ceive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than
the lower of these rates and a fourth earn the same or more than the
higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was
provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
5 Estim ates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for
skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates re­
late to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
7 Form ally established minimum regular straight-time hiring sa l­
aries that are paid for standard workweeks.
8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
9 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for
the most common standard workweeks reported.
1 Includes all production and related workers in establishments
0
currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions
cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently
operating late shifts.
1 Less than 0.05 percent.
1
1 L ess than 0.5 percent.
2
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount;
3
for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days
includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2
half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.




35

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 75 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this
survey, as well as the number actually studied.

Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom ,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles
are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the
survey, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because either (1) employ­
ment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit presen­
tation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment
data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men
or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.
Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in
the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information
to subclassify is not available.

Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-y ear
intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal
visit, m ail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments
participating in the previous survey.
A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is
selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, less
establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
workers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-livin g
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations
are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution
of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class
intervals.

The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all
establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry
and number of em ployees. From this stratified universe a probability
sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance
of selection.
To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are
combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of
selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one
out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent
itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is
chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available
from the original sample m em ber. If no suitable substitute is available,
additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is sim ilar to the
missing unit.
1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
Akron, O hio; Birm ingham , A la .; N orfolk—V irginia B each—Portsmouth and Newport News—H am pton, V a .—N .C . ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica—R om e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration of
the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor.




These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages for individual
jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change,
or high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an
are
occupational average even though m ost establishments in an area increase
wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in
table A - 7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.

36

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estim ates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estim ates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.

Electronic data processin g2
Computer systems
analysts, classes
A , B , and C
Computer program m ers,
classes A , B , and C

Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations
should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within
individual establishm ents.
Factors which may contribute to differences
include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid
incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the
general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees
in these surveys usually are m ore generalized than those used in individual
establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in
specific duties perform ed.

Industrial nurses
Registered industrial
nurses
Skilled maintenance
Carpenters
Elect ricians

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Percent changes for indivic
as follows:

Skilled maintenance—
Continued
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant
Janitors, porters, and
cle ane rs
Material handling laborers
areas in the program are computed

1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in the
survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
2.

Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its
proportionate employment in the occupational group in
the base year.

3.

These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled
to obtain a group average.

4.

The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting
the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey sam ples.
The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may
affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid
under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods
of increased hiring, for exam ple, new employees may enter at the bottom
of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.

The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year
by the average for the earlier year.
The result—
expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

For a more detailed description of the method used to compute
these wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly
Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 5 2-57.

The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the tim e span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown.
(It is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions is studied for full-tim e production and related workers and
office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as
production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory
workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating,
processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, pack­
ing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard se r ­
v ices, product development, auxiliary production for plant's ow n use
(e .g ., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely associ­
ated with the above production operations.
(Cafeteria and route workers

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes
A and B
File clerks, classes A ,
B , and C
M essengers
Switchboard operators

Order clerks, classes
A and B
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
B o okke eping - ma chine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Key entry operators,
classes A and B




2

The

e a rn in g s o f

c o m p u t e r o p e ra to rs a re n o t

i n c lu d e d

A r e v is e d j o b d e s c r ip t io n is b e in g in tr o d u c e d i n th is s u rv e y w h ic h

37

i n th e w a g e tr e n d c o m p u t a t io n

io r

th is

is n o t e q u iv a le n t to th e p re v io u s d e s c r ip tio n .

grou p.

are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be
production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing
clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting,
advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel,
sales, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation.
Administrative, executive, professional, and part-tim e employees as well
as construction workers utilized as separate work forces are excluded from
both the production and office worker categories.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) . Minimum entrance salaries
for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the
optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely than sm all establishments to have formal entrance
rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies
in medium and large establishments.
(The " X 's " shown under standard
weekly hours indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.)
Shift differentials— manufacturing (table B -2 ) . Data were collected
on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for
production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having
policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation
of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12
months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials
which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production
workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply
only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the majority of
the shift hours is recorded.
For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening)
shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at
or near midnight.
Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately
for (1) establishment policies (an establishment's differentials are weighted
by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey)
and (2) effective practices (an establishment's differentials are weighted by
production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).
Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health,
insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the
production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to
all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision
is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority.
Holidays;
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are considered applicable
to employees currently eligible for the benefits as well as to employees who
will eventually become eligible.
Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B -3 ) . Scheduled weekly
hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which full­
time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at
straight-time or overtime rates.
Paid holidays (table B -4 ) . Holidays are included if workers who
are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to
work receive premium pay or compensatory time off.
They are included
only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in




written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though
in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not
granted another day off. Paid personal holiday plans, typically found in
the automobile and related industries, are included as paid holidays.
Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are
granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted
specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are
aggregated).
Paid vacations (table B -5 ) . Establishments report their method of
calculating vacation pay (time b a sis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum
payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic form al
plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended"
or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans are excluded.
For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed
on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is
converted to its equivalent time period.
Two percent of annual earnings,
for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay.
A lso, provisions after each specified length of service are related
to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of
service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation
pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length
of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted
present, therefore, statistical m easures of these provisions rather than
proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits.
Health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ) . Health,
insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays
either all or part of the cost. The cost may be (1) underwritten by a
com m ercial insurance company or nonprofit organization, (2) covered by a
union fund to which the employer has contributed, or (3) borne directly by
the employer out of operating funds or a fund set aside to cover the cost.
A plan is included even though a m ajority of the employees in an establish­
ment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear
part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or will
eventually become available to a m ajority). Legally required plans such as
social security, railroad retirement, w orkers' disability compensation, and
temporary disability insurance 3 are excluded.
3
Temporary disability insurance w hich provides benefits to cov ered workers disabled by injury or illness
w hich is not w ork -connected is mandatory under State laws in C aliforn ia, New Jersey, New Y ork, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans w hich m eet only the leg a l requirements are exclu ded from these data, but those
under w hich (1 ) employers contribute m ore than is le g a lly required o r (2 ) benefits e x c e e d those s p ecified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out o f a State fund to w hich only em ployees
contribute. In each o f the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing; In California, only em ployees contribute to the State fund; in N ew Jersey,
em ployees and em ployers contribute; in New York, em ployees contribute up to a s p ecified m axim um
and em ployers pay the difference betw een the em p loyees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jeraey, em ployees cannot be required to contribute
m ore than they w ould i f they were covered by the State fund; in New Y ork, em ployees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is com m ensurate with the
be n e fit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad U nem ploym ent Insurance A c t ) provides tem porary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether w ork -con n ected or not.
The legislation requires that em ployers
bear the entire cost o f the insurance.

Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually
through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker.
Information is also provided in table B -7 on types of life insurance plans
and the amount of coverage iij all industries combined and in manufacturing.
Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans
which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a
direct result of an accident.
Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which
provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees
who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e .g ., $ 50 a week
for up to 26 weeks of disability.
Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide for
continuing an em ployee's pay during absence from work because of illness.
Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no
waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a
waiting period.
Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally
disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sick­
ness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability
(typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a
maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial pay­
ments are almost always reduced by social security, w orkers’ disability
compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee.
Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported
in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered.
Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover
other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons' fees. Medical
insurance covers doctors' fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans
restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor's care for minor
ailments at a w orker's place of employment are not considered to be
medical insurance.
M ajor m edical insurance coverage applies to services which go
beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and
medical insurance. M ajor medical insurance typically (1) requires that a
"deductible" (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance
feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e .g ., 20 percent) of
certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g .,
$ 10, 000 a year).
Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits,
usually for fillin gs, extractions, and X -r a y s . Plans which provide benefits
only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported.
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s to the
retiree fo r life.
I n c l u d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e
th e o p t i o n o f p u r c h a s i n g a l i f e t i m e annuity.

Labor-management agreement coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of full-tim e production
and office workers employed in establishments in the Minneapolis—
St. Paul
area in which a union contract or contracts covered a majority of the workers
in the respective categories, January 1978:
Production and
related workers
All industries
Manufacturing____________
Nonmanufacturing .. ..
Public utilities
...

9
3
13
60

An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all
production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a
labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office
workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labormanagement contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of their production or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily
representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be
covered by the provisions of labor-management agreem ents, because small
establishments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
Two-fifths of the workers within the scope of the survey in the
Minneapolis—
St. Paul area were employed in manufacturing firm s. The
following presents the major industry groups and specific industries as a
percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industry

Machinery, except
ele ctrica l____________________ 24
Paper and allied products____ 13
Food and kindred products___ 10
E lectric and electronic
10
equipment__________________
Instruments and related
products____ _________________ 10
Printing and publishing_____
7
Fabricated metal products___
7

Office and computing
machines_____________________ 11
Miscellaneous converted
paper products______________ 10
Measuring and controlling
devices____________
8

4
A n establishm ent is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the m inim um number
o f days o f sick lea v e a vailable to each em p lo y e e .
Such a plan need not be written, but inform al sick leave
from
allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.




68
66
69
98

Office workers

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived
universe material compiled before actual survey. Proportions in
various industry divisions may differ from proportions based on the results
of the survey as shown in appendix table 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers w ithin scope of survey and number studied in M inn eapolis—
St. Paul, M in n .—W is .,1 January 1978
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

In d u s tr y d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
of s tu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in sc o p e
o f s tu d y 3

S t u d ie d
S t u d ie d
Num ber

ALL

T o t a l4
P e rc e n t

F u ll-t im e
p r o d u c t io n a n d
r e la t e d w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o f f ic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

EST A BLISH M EN T S

-

1 .8 2 9

249

9 69.860

1 00

1 9 1 »896

8 8 .9 9 1

2 2 0 .7 9 2

---------------------------------------------N O N NA N UF ACT UR I N G -----------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . COMMON I C A T I O N . AND

50

555
1.279

93
156

165 .9 0 1
278.959

40
60

98 .7 2 5
9 3 .1 7 1

3 2 .1 9 3

10 7 .9 1 9
11 3 ,3 2 3

O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------W H O LESA LE TRADE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T RAD E
F IN A N C E, i n s u r a n c e , and REAL EST A T E
--------S E R V I C E S 7 -------------------------------------------------

50
50
50
50
50

129
272
414
1B3
2b 1

23
24
38
19

11

52

99,0 9 8
36.7 0 1
1 0 5 .2 2 7
4 4 f 7 40
93,293

23
10
9

2 1 .6 3 5
( 6>
( 6)
( 6>
( 6)

-

Al l

d iv is io n s

----------------------------------------

m a n u fa c t u r in g

LARGE
ALL

D IV IS IO N S

-

6

5 6 ,7 9 8
8 .5 5 0
( 6>
C6 )
( 6)
( 6)

3 3 ,9 7 0
8,2 9 1
95 .0 7 9
1 9 ,0 9 7
12.991

ESTA BLISH M EN TS
----------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
-----------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 --------------------------W H O LESALE TRADE
--------------------------------------R E T A I L TRAD E
------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND R E A L E S T A T E
--------S E R V I C E S 7 -------------------------------------------------

156

87

29 9 .6 5 5

10 0

9 2 ,7 0 7

99*597

19 1 .1 1 9

500
-

53
103

37
50

110,1 7 9
139.476

45
55

48 t 166
44 t 54 1

2 3 ,3 5 9
26 .2 3 8

9 6 .9 2 5
9 9 .6 8 9

500
500
500
500
500

13
9
53
21
7

11
5
19
10
5

32.623
9 ,2 5 3
6 5 .8 8 1
22,122
9 ,5 9 7

13
4
27
9
2

1 3 .7 1 6
( )
( 6>
( 6>
( 6>

1 T h e M i n n e a p o l i s — S t . P a u l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y t h e O f f i c e o f
M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u g h
F e b ru a ry
197 4 , c o n s i s t s o f A n o k a , C a r v e r , C h i s a g o , D a k o t a ,
H e n n e p in , R a m s e y , S c o t t , W a s h i n g t o n , a n d W r i g h t C o u n t i e s , M i n n . ;
and S t. C r o i x C o u n ty , W is .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d i n t h e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a re
n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s i o n w i t h o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t
t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y
e s t a b li s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
H o w e v e r , a l l g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .




6

6 .309
< )
( )
( 61
< >

6
6
6

3 1 .1 5 8
5.9 3 5
4 2 t 250
1 2 ,9 5 7
3 .3 8 9

3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A ll
o u t le t s ( w i t h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as o n e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e
p r o d u c t io n an d o ffic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a tio n o f d a ta is n o t m a d e f o r t h is d iv is io n .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le
r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ( e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

40

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the
Bureau's wage
surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into
appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of
payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to
establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of
occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability
of occupational
content, the Bureau's job
descriptions may differ sig ­
nificantly from
those in use in individual establishments or those pre­
pared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the
Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working super­
v iso rs; apprentices; and part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their
handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless
specifically included in the job description, are excluded.

Office
SECRET ARY— Continued

SECRET ARY

Exclusions— Continued

Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual.
Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activ­
ities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of
detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the
organization, program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.

a. Positions which do not meet the "p erson al"
described above;

b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
c. Stenographers serving as office assistants
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;

Exclusions

d.

Not all positions that are titled "se c re ta ry " possess the above
ch aracteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition
are as follows:




secretary concept

A ssistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more re­
sponsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which
are not typical’ of secretarial work, e .g ., Administrative A ssist­
ant, or Executive Assistant;

Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced
in this survey:
Guard
Shipper and receiver
(previously surveyed
as shipping and
receiving clerk)
Truckdriver

Order clerk
Payroll clerk
Secretary
Key entry operator
Tramscribing-machine typist
Computer operator

The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator.
classified as watchmen are now classified as guards under the revised description.

41

to a group of pro­

Workers previously

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

Exclusions— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

e.

Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled ''L evel of S u p erv iso r," e .g ., secretary to the
president of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;

f.

Trainees.

Classification by Level

LS—
4

Secretary jobs which meet the above characteristics are matched at
one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company's organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility. The chart following the explanations of these two
factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the
factors.
Level of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
Secretaries should be matched at one of the four LS levels described
below according to the level of the secretary's supervisor within the company
organizational structure.
LS—1

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a non supervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert.
(NOTE: M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

LS—
2

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for LS—
3, but whose organizational unit normally
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that em ploys, in all, fewer
them 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

LS—
3

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100
but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a m ajor corporatewide functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquar­
ters; a major division) of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 em ployees; or
d. Secretary to the head of
(or other equivalent level
over 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or




e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e.g ., a middle management supervisor of am organi­
zational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

an individual plant, factory, etc.,
of official) that em ploys, in all,

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that
employs, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

NOTE: The term "corporate o ffic e r " used in the above LS def­
inition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy­
making role with regard to m ajor company activities. The title "vice
p resid en t," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; di­
rectly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o ffice rs" for purposes of applying the definition.
Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR)
This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between
the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is
expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched
at LR—1 or LR— described below according to their level of responsibility.
2
Level of P esponsibility 1 (LR—1)
Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most
of the following:
a.

Answers telephones,
coming mail.

greets

personal

ca llers,

and

opens

b. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers.
reply to requests by sending a form letter.

in­
May

c. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to ensure procedural and
typographical accuracy.
d. Maintains supervisor's
instructed.

calendar

and

makes

e. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.

appointments

as

SECRET ARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

Level of Responsibility 2 (LR—
2)

Stenographer, Senior

P erform s duties described under LR—1 and, in addition performs
tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions
including or comparable to m ost of the following:

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up
and maintain file s, keep records, etc.

a. Screens telephone and personal ca llers, determining which can
be handled by the supervisor's subordinates or other offices.
b.

Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of o f­
fice procedures or collection of information from files or
other offices.
May sign routine correspondence in own or
su pervisor's name.

c.

Compiles or a ssists in compiling periodic reports on the basis
of general instructions.

d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s ­
sem bles necessary background material for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.
e.

Explains supervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
v iso r 's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)

The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each
LS and LR combination:

Level of secreta ry 's
______supervisor_____

P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater in­
dependence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by
the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and
accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office pro­
cedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­
graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow­
up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; com­
posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming
m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST
Prim ary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s , keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks.
(See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

Level of secretary's responsibility
TYPIST
LR—1

LS—1___
LS—
2___
LS—3___
LS—
4___

OR

Class
Class
Class
Class

E
D
C
B

LR—
2
Class
Class
Class
Class

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
pro cesses.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and
distributing incoming mail.

D
C
B
A

Class A . Perform s one or more of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or
responsibility for correct s-pelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit
circumstances.

STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a
stenographic pool.
May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if
prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine
Typist).

Class B . Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.

NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary norm ally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager
or executive and perform s m ore responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.

FILE CLERK

Stenographer, General
keep

F ile s, cla ssifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May maintain files,
simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.




43

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

Class A . C lassifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following-up
to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know
of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice
against original order.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cro ss-referen ce aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards m aterial. May per­
form related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Exclude workers paid on a comm ission basis or whose duties include
any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material
or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowl­
edge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing
selling skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.

Class C . P erform s routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested,
locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m aterial; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Positions
definitions:

are

classified

into

levels

according to

the

following

Class A . Handles orders that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product or m aterial from the establishment's product
lines will satisfy the customer's needs, or determining the price to be quoted
when pricing involves more than m erely referring to a price list or making
some simple mathematical calculations.

MESSENGER

Class B . Handles orders involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual,
or sim ilar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify
price of ordered item.

P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

ACCOUNTING CLERK
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls.
May provide information to ca llers, record and transmit m essag es,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's
tim e, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or
lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Ope rator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting v isitors; determining nature of visitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of v isitors.
ORDER CLERK
Receives written or verbal custom ers' purchase orders for material
or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves
some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availa­
bility of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising
expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer
information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and




Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lis ts , calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office
practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and re ­
cording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the
worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a
knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions
definitions:

are

classified

into levels

on the basis of the following

Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran s­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies.
May be assisted by one or
more class B accounting clerks.
Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, perform s one or more routine accounting
clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets

44

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

PAYROLL CLERK— Continued

where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated;
checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings;
and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system , computes wages. Work may require a practical
knowledge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the
computer system for processing payrolls.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch
machine or key-operated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe
data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in
operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing
procedures and relevant data entry equipment.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

Positions
definitions:

Class B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers' accounts (not in­
cluding a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost dis­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.

are classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents.
On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B.
NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry
controls to a ccess, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to
take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a sim ilar level of
knowledge.

MACHINE BILLER
Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:

Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from
various standardized source documents which have been coded and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers
to supervisor problems arising from erroneous item s, codes, or missing
information.

Billing-m achine b ille r . Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers1
purchase ord ers, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

Bookkeeping-machine b ille r . Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on custom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.

Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable program m ers to prepare
required digital computer program s. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and
participates in trial runs of new and revised system s; and recommends
equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations.
(NOTE:
Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be
classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

PAYROLL CLERK
Perform s the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to
maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing
w orkers' time or production records; adjusting workers' records for changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll




45

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing em ployees,
or system s analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or engineering
problems.

language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work
involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capa­
bilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular sub­
ject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to
be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow
charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these
charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects
program s; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production
run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating effi­
ciency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program de­
velopment and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers performing both system s anal­
ysis and programming should be classified as system s analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)

For wage study purposes, system s analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problem s are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and m ultiple-use require­
ments of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full
system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the
computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing
problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of new or
revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of major system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.

Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing em ployees,
or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering
problems.
For wage study purposes, program m ers are classified

May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts
who are assigned to a ssist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate. Problem s are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related.
(For example,
develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with
persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or
system , as described for class A. Works independently on routine assign­
ments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work
is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to
insure proper alignment with the overall system .
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses
as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to
develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and
skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher
level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by
program m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a
systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are re­
quired to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the program m er develops the pre­
cise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded




as

follows:

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction
on complex problems which require competence in all phases of pro­
gramming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts
which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to
be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the prob­
lem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed
to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equip­
ment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse prod­
ucts from numerous and diverse data elem ents.
A wide variety and ex­
tensive number of internal processing actions must occur.
This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be r e ­
used, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to
data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a
highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level program m ers who
are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple program s, or on simple segments of complex program s.
Program s (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under
close direction of a higher level program m er or supervisor. May assist
higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

May guide or instruct lower level programm ers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments
are designed to develop competence in the application of standard pro­
cedures to routine problem s.
Receives close supervision on new aspects
of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance
with required procedures.
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates
the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by
either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or m ulti­
processing (processes two or m ore programs simultaneously). The following
duties characterize the work of a computer operator:
- Studies
needed.

operating

- Loads equipment
paper, etc.).

instructions
with

to

required

determine
items

equipment

(tapes,

cards,

Class B . In addition to established production runs, work assign­
ments include runs involving new program s, applications, and procedures
(i.e ., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems).
At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly
independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require
the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating
procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error con­
ditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may
deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation
does not m aterially alter the computer unit's production plans. Refers the
problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a
solution. May guide lower level operators.
Class C . Work assignments are limited to established production
runs (i.e ., programs which present few operating problem s). Assignments
may consist prim arily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by
classroom instruction). When learning to run program s, the supervisor or a
higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the
operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience
with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in
applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to
computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a
higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.

setup
disks,

- Switches necessary auxilliary equipment into system.
- Starts and operates computer.

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR

- Responds to operating and computer output instructions.
- Reviews error m essages and makes corrections during operation
or refers problem s.

Operates peripheral equipment w h i c h directly supports digital
computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed
for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically
connected to a computer. P rinters, plotters, card read/punches, tape
readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units
are examples of such equipment.

- Maintains operating record.
May test-ru n new or modified programs. May a ssist in modifying
system s or program s. The scope of this definition includes trainees working
to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer
operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level
operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals.

The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment
operator:

Class A . In addition to work assignments described for a class B
operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one
of the following:

- Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting
controls for form s, thickness, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.

- Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of infor­
mation or to conserve computer time even though the procedures
applied m aterially alter the computer unit's production plans.

- Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.
- Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape
reels or disks on specified units or drives.

- Tests new program s, applications, and procedures.
- Advises program m ers
techniques.

and

subject-m atter

experts

- Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment.
on s e t u p

- Observing panel lights for warnings
taking appropriate action.

- A ssists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating
system s or program s; (2) developing operating instructions and
techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to
emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working
knowledge of program language, computer features, and software
sy ste m s).
An operator at this level typically guides




and error indications and

- Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears,
or other defects which could cause processing problems.
This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a
control console (see computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose
duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar
equipment.

lower level operators.

47

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN

Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used
for automatic data processing applications. The following or sim ilar duties
characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging,
and storing media in accordance with a standardized system ; upon proper
requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases
and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to
determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs
to damaged tapes.

Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.

DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form , function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work
is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering
determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.
Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used.
Duties typically involve such work as:
Prepares working
drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of founda­
tions, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of
materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, str e sse s, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information.
Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given
with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.

D R AFTER -TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing limited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g .,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assem blers and te ste r s; workers whose prim ary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
engineers.
Positions
definitions:

are classified

into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by
reference to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves:
A detailed understanding of
the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in p er­
forming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms,,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test in­
struments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscop es, Q -m e te r s, deviation m eters,
pulse generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com ­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments.
May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.

AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
Work is closely supervised during progress.




Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed in­
structions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN— Continued

tasks as: A ssisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e .g ., m ultim eters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is
not required to be fam iliar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to in­
crease competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance
to higher level technician.

equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools
and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the main­
tenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE PAINTER
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes
and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors,
o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con­
sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed
review when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, afccident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE MACHINIST
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifica­
tions; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard
machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds
of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals;
selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for this work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)

P erform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, flo o rs, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to di­
mensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In gen­
era l, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs;
preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distri­
bution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves
m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical
equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers,
circuit breakers, m o to rs, heating units, conduit system s, or other tran s­
m ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other
specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or




MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and per­
forming repairs that involve the use of such handtools as'w renches, gauges,

49

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)— Continued

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

d rills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; re­
assembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle and making
necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or
tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of le sse r skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or tools; and
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials
and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to
perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
performed by workers on a full-tim e b a sis.

This classification d o e s not i n c l u d e
custom ers' vehicles in automobile repair shops.

mechanics

who

repair

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)

Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to p ressu res, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers prim arily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems
are excluded.

Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine
tool (e .g ., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to
machine metal for use in making or maintaining jig s , fixtures, cutting tools,
gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or
nonmetallic material (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically
involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which
require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine
tool or tools (e .g ., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select
those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of
precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances.
May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils,
to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the
work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in
this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and tool­
room practice usually acquired through considerable on-th e-job training and
experience.

MAINTENANCE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
Fabricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of
sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifica­
tions; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out work;
interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools
and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to str e sse s, strength
of m aterials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment;
selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and
maintaining in good order power transm ission equipment such as drives and
speed reducers. In general, the m illwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs jig s , fixtures, cutting too ls, gauges, or
metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e.g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves:
Planning and laying out work according to m odels, blueprints, drawings, or
other written or oral specifications; understanding the'working properties of
common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate m aterials, too ls, and
processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations;
setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using
various tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to p re­
scribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die m aker's
work requires rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).

STATIONARY ENGINEER

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or a irconditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air co m p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer
are excluded.

Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying the correctness of incoming shipments by comparing items and
quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage
receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that
goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the
establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Shipper
Receiver
Shipper and receiver

BOILER TENDER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ­
ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying m aterials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
m aterials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m aterials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
taking inventory of stored m aterials; examining stored materials and re­
porting deterioration and damage; removing m aterial from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, m erchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without h elpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in
good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded.

Exclude workers whose prim ary duties involve shipping and re­
ceiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling
(see Order F ille r), or operating power trucks (see P ow er-Truck Operator).

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and
rated capacity of truck, as follows:
Truckdriver, light truck
(straight truck, under IV2 tons, usually 4 wheels)
Truckdriver, medium truck
(straight truck, IV2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels)
Truckdriver, heavy truck
(straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels)
Truckdriver, tra c to r-tra iler

ORDER FILLER
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
ord ers, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER
P erform s clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming
shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established
guidelines. In handling unusual nonroutine problem s, receives specific guid­
ance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the
activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being
received.

SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing
container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities
of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments
are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into
transporting veh icles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e .g .,
m anifests, bills of lading.




51

M ATERIAL HANDLING LABORER

GU ARD— C ontinue d

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various fnaterials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshore
workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.

Guards employed by establishments which provide protective s e r ­
vices on a contract basis are included in this occupation.

POW ER-TRUCK OPERATOR
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck
or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:
Class A . Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of
security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with em er­
gencies and security violations encountered.
Determines whether first
response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed
necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to r e ­
port situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority.
Duties
require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security
areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical
fitness and proficiency with firearm s or other special weapons.
Class B . Carries out instructions prim arily oriented toward in­
suring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and
reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which
require minimal action to safeguard property or persons.
Duties require
minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate
physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate
proficiency in the use of firearm s or special weapons.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:
Forklift operator
Pow er-truck operator (other than forklift)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
GUARD
Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards
or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on
foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized
to make a rrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering
questions and giving directions.




Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping,
mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo ors; removing chips, trash , and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or
trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance serv ices; and cleaning,
lavatories, showers, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window
washing are excluded.

52

Area Wage
Surveys
A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins
may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back
cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D .C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years
1970 through 197 6, is available on request.
A rea

Bulletin number
and price*

Akron, Ohio, D ec. 1977------------------ ------------------- ----------------------- 1950-70,
Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y ., Sept. 1977 ------------------------ 1950-52,
Santa Ana—
Garden Grove,
Anaheim—
C a lif., Oct. 1977______________________________________________
1950-60,
Atlanta, G a., May 1977------ ------------------------------------------------------ 1950-17,
Baltim ore, M d., Aug. 1977------------------------------------------------------ 1950-39,
B illings, M ont., July 1977 1 ----------------------------------------------------- 1950-40,
Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1977------------------------------------------------- 1950-8,
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1977 ------------------------------------------------------- 1950-50,
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1977 ______________________________________ 1950-58,
Canton, Ohio, May 1977 1 --------------------------------------------------------- 1950-28,
Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1977 -------------------------------------- 1950-44,
Chicago, 111., May 1977 1_________________ ___________ ________ 1950-41,
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1 9 7 7 1 ---------------------------------- 1950-45,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1977 1 -------------------------------------------------- 1950-53,
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1977____________________________________ 1950-64,
Corpus Christi, T e x ., July 1977 1 ------------------------------------------ 1950-35,
D allas-F ort W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1977__________________________ 1950-65,
Davenport—Rock Island^Moline, Iowa—
111., May 19771------- 1950-26,
Dayton, Ohio, D ec. 1977 1_____________________________________ 1950-71,
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1977 1------------------------------------------- 1950-43,
Denver—Boulder, C olo., D ec. 1977 1-------------------------------------- 1950-74,
Detroit, M ich ., M ar. 1977------------------------------------------------------- 1950-13,
Fresno, C alif., June 1977 ------------------------------------------------------- 1950-30,
Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1977 1------------------------------------------------ 1950-46,
Green Bay, W is ., July 1977----------------------------------------------------- 1950-36,
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1 977 1 ......................................................................... ......... 1950-42,
Greenville—Spartanburg, S .C ., June 1977 ----------------------------- 1950-33,
Hartford, Conn., M ar. 1977----------------------------------------------------- 1950 -9 ,
Houston, T ex ., Aug. 1977 1 ------------------------------------------------------ 1950-48,
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1977 1---------------------------------------------------- 1950-4,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1977---------------------------------------------------- 1950-56,
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1978____________________________________ 2 0 25 -1 ,
Jacksonville, F la ., D ec. 1977________________________________ 1950-67,
Kansas City, M o .-K a n s., Sept.~l977_________________________ 1950-54,
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif., Oct. 1977-------------------------- 1950-61,
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1977 1_____________________________ 1950-66,
M em phis, Tenn.—Ark.— is s ., Nov. 1977_____________________ 1950-63,
M




80 cents
80 cents
$1.00
$ 1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
$1 .0 0
$1 .1 0
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1 .1 0
$1.10
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$ 1.40
$1.40
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$ 1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1977_______________________________
Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1977 __________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— is ., Jan. 1978 1______________
W
Nassau—
Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1977 _____________________________
Newark, N .J ., Jan. 1977 _____________________________________
New Orleans, L a ., Jan. 19771_______________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1977................... ................................
Norfolk—Virginia Beach-Portsmouth, V a N .C ., May 1977 _____________________________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— .C ., May 1977___________
N
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1977 1________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1977 1 __________________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1977 1 ____________________________
Pater son—Clifton—Pas sa ic, N .J ., June1977 _________________
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1977___________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1977 ..............................................................
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1977__________________________________
Portland, Oreg.— ash ., May 1977 1_________________________
W
Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1977 _____________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston^Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1976______
Providence—
Warwick—Pawtucket, R .I.—
M a ss., June 1977 1 __________________________________________
Richmond, V a ., June 1977 1 _________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-I ll., M ar. 1977 ______________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1977 1_____________________________
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1977___________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1977_____________________
San Antonio, T ex., May 1977 1_______________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1977 1________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., M ar. 1977 _________________
San Jose, C alif., Mar. 1977______________________________ . . . .
Seattle-Everett, W ash., Dec. 1977__________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1977 1 ________________________________
Toledo, O hio-M ich., May 1977______________________________
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1977____________________________________
Utica-R om e, N .Y ., July 1977 1 ______________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—V a ., M ar. 1977 ____________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1977 1 _________________________________
W orcester, M a ss., Apr. 1977 _______________________________
York, P a., Feb. 1977 ________________________________________

Bulletin number
and price*
1950-57,
1950-14,
$1.10
2025 -2 , $1.40
1950-27,
$1.00
1950-7, $1.60
1950-5, $1.60
1950-31, $1.20
1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
1950-1,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.50
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1950-73,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-75,
1950-51,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
80 cents
$1.10
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.10

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

$

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

t

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1

Region IV

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