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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n e s o t a ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2

B u ll e t in 1 7 2 5 - 4 5
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

New York, N .Y . 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia. Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1 8 8 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 41 1

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 4 5

May 1972

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
B U R EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e M i n n e a p o lis —S t. P a u l, M in n e s o ta , M e t r o p o lita n A r e a , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page
1.
5.

Introduction
W age trends fo r s e le c te d occupational groups

T a b le s :
4.
6.

1.
2.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of su rvey and num ber studied
Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le c te d occupational
grou ps, and p ercen ts of in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p erio d s

A.

O ccupational earnings:
A - l.
O ffic e occupations—
men and wom en
A - l a . O ffic e occupations—la r g e establish m en ts— en and women
m
A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
A -2 a . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations—la r g e establishm ents
A -3 .
O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—men and w om en com bined
A -3 a . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—la r g e establish m en ts—
men and w om en com bined
A -4 .
M aintenance and pow erplan t occupations
A -4 a . M aintenance and pow erplant occupations— r g e establishm ents
la
A -5 .
C ustodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations
A -5 a . C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations—la r g e establish m en ts

B.

E stablishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s :
B - l.
M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s
B -2 .
Shift d iffe re n tia ls
B -3 .
Scheduled w eek ly hours and days
B -4 .
P a id h olidays
B -5 .
P a id vacation s
B -6 .
H ealth, in su ran ce, and pension plans

7.

11.
14.
15.
17.
19.
20

.

21 .
22.

24.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
33.
35.

Appendix.

O ccupational d escrip tio n s




F or sale by th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D o cum ents, U .S . G o vern m en t P rinting O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 5 0 cents

Preface
Th e Bureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p ro g ra m of annual occupa­
tion al w age su rvey s in m etro p o lita n a re a s is design ed to p ro v id e data
on occupational ea rn in gs, and establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem en­
ta ry w age p ro v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d eta iled data by sele c te d industry
d ivisio n fo r each of the a re a s studied, fo r geo gra p h ic re g io n s , and fo r
the U nited States. A m a jo r con sid era tion in the p ro g ra m is the need
fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem en t of w ages by occupational
c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru ctu re and le v e l of w ages among
a rea s and in du stry d iv is io n s .
A t the end of each su rvey , an in dividu al a re a bu lletin p r e ­
sents the re s u lts . A ft e r com p letion o f a ll in divid u al a rea bulletins
fo r a round of su rv e y s , tw o su m m ary bu lletin s a re issu ed . Th e fir s t
b rin gs data fo r each o f the m etro p o lita n a rea s studied into one bu lletin.
The second p resen ts in form a tion w hich has been p ro je c te d fr o m in ­
dividu al m etro p o lita n a rea data to r e la te to geo gra p h ic regio n s and the
United States.
N in ety a re a s cu rre n tly a re included in the p ro g ra m . In each
a re a , in fo rm a tio n on occupational earn in gs is c o lle c te d annually and on
establish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pplem en tary w a ge p ro v is io n s b ien n ially.
T h is bu lletin p resen ts resu lts o f the su rvey in M in n eap olis—
St. Pau l, M inn., in January 1972. Th e Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tis ­
tic a l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e of M anagem ent and Budget ( f o r ­
m e r ly the B ureau o f the Budget) through January 1968, con sists of
Anoka, Dakota, Hennepin, R a m sey, and W ashington Counties.
T h is
study was conducted by the B u reau 's re g io n a l o ffic e in C h icago, 111.,
under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is ta n t R egion a l
fo r O p eration s.




N o te :
S im ila r re p o rts a re a v a ila b le fo r oth er a re a s .
back c o v e r .)

(See in sid e

C u rren t re p o rts on occupational earn in gs and supplem en­
ta r y w age p ro v is io n s in the M in n eap olis—
St. P au l a re a , a re a lso
a v a ila b le fo r m a ch in ery m anufacturing (N o v e m b e r 1970); and fo r
s e le c te d food s e r v ic e , laundry and d ry clean in g occupations
(January 1972). Union w age ra te s , in d ic a tiv e of p re v a ilin g pay
le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r building con stru ction ; p rin tin g; lo c a ltra n s it op eratin g em p lo y e e s ; lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e rs ; and
g r o c e r y s to re em p lo y e e s .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a re indexes and p e rcen ta ges of change
in a v e ra g e s a la ries o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings of s e lected p lantw orker groups. The indexes
a r e a m ea su re of w ages at a given tim e, e x p re s s e d as a percen t of
w ages during the base p eriod . Subtracting 100 fr o m the index yields
the percen tage change in wages f r o m the base period to the date of
the index.
The p ercen ta ges of change o r in c r e a s e relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of in c r e a s e , w here
shown, r e f l e c t the amount of in c re a s e fo r 12 months when the tim e
p e r io d between su rveys was other than 12 months. T h ese computations
w e r e based on the assumption that w ages in c re a s e d at a constant rate
between surveys. T h e s e estim ates a re m e a s u re s of change in a v e r ­
ages fo r the a re a ; they are not intended to m ea su re a v e ra g e pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

shows the p ercen ta ge change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base y e a r r e la t iv e (100) by the r e la tiv e fo r the next succeeding
y e a r and continuing to m ultiply (compound) each y e a r 's relative by the
p revio u s y e a r 's index.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to r e g u la r w e e k ly sa la rie s fo r the norm al workweek,
e xclu sive of earnings fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r pla ntworker groups, they
m e a s u re changes in a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The p ercen ta ges are based on data f o r sele cted key o c c u ­
pations and include m ost of the n u m e ric a lly important jobs within
each group.
L im ita tio n s o f Data

Method of Computing
The indexes and p ercentages o f change, as m easu res of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , are influenced by;
( l ) g en era l salary and
wage changes, (2) m e r i t or other in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
vidual w o r k e r s while in the same job, and (3) changes in a v e ra g e
w ages due to changes in the labor f o r c e resulting fr o m labor turn­
o v e r , f o r c e expansions, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em ployed by establishments with d ifferen t pay lev e ls .
Changes in the labor f o r c e can cause in c re a s e s or d ec re a s e s in the
occupational a v e r a g e s without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though a ll establishments in an area gave wage in c re a s e s ,
a v e ra g e wages m ay have declined because lo w e r-p a y in g establishments
entered the a re a o r expanded their w ork fo r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
m a y have rem ained r e l a t i v e l y constant, yet the av e ra g e s fo r an area
m a y have ris e n c o n sid era b ly because h igher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Each of the follow ing key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its p roportionate e m ­
ploym ent in the occupational group;
O ffic e clerica l (m en and wom en):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Cleiks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Com ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffic e c lerica l (m en and w om en )—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
w om en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (a u tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
To ol and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

The usev of constant em plo ym ent weights elim in ates the effect
of changes in the prop ortion o f w o r k e r s represen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The percen tages of change r e fle c t only changes
in a v e ra g e pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y are not influenced by
changes in standard w o rk schedules, as such, o r by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y j data w e r e adjusted to re m o v e fr o m
the indexes and p ercen tages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope o f the survey.

The a v e r a g e (mean) earnings fo r each occupation w e r e m u lt i­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products fo r a ll occupations
in the group w e r e totaled.
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 consecutive yea rs
w e r e related by dividing the a g g re g a te fo r the la te r ye a r by the a g g r e ­
gate f o r the e a r l i e r year.
The resultant r e la t iv e , less 100 percent,




5

6




T a b le 2.

Ind exes of standard w eekly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational gro up s in

M in n e a p o lis —S t. P au l, M inn., J a n u a ry 1971 and J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2 , and p erc e n ts o f in crease fo r selected periods
A l l in d u stries
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en )

In du stria l
nurses
(m en and
w om en )

S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en )

M anufacturing
U n s k illed
p la n tw orkers
(m en )

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en )

Indu s tria l
nurses
(m en and
w om en )

S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U n s k illed
plant wo rk e rs
(m e n )

149.1
160.4

130.9
140.8

126.0
137.0

5.1
1.6
3.2
2.1
2.0
3.0
6.2
18.5
5.7
11.2
7.1
7.6

3.8
3.8
3.3
3.5
3.1
2.8
4.4
5.4
6.5
7.6
8.4
7.6

3.6
4.0
2.0
4.0
3.5
3.1
3.0
3.6
6.0
4.9
9.4
8.7

In dexes (J an u ary 1967=100)
Janu ary 1971________________________________________
_ _
_ ____
_ ...
J anu ary 1972_

126.3
134.1

145.3
156.1

133.0
145.1

128.4
143.9

126.3
134.1

P e r c e n t s o f in c re a s e
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
J anu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary
Janu ary

1961____________________
1962____________________
1963
1964------------------------1965____________________
1966. . . . .
1967
1968____________ _____ __
1969___ ____ ____________
1970.
-------1971. — . .
1972____________________

3.4
3.3
2.9
2.4
2.1
2.6
5.2
5.0
5.7
6.1
7.1
6.2

5.1
2.7
3.7
2.0
2.5
3.4
4.7
15.7
7.8
9.0
6.9
7.4

3.7
3.5
4.0
3.6
2.9
3.4
3.9
5.8
6.4
8.1
9.3
9.1

4.5
4.0
2.7
3.9
4.0
3.3
3.6
4.3
5.8
5.4
10.3
12.1

3.1
4.2
2.5
1.8
1.8
2.1
5.5
4.9
5.1
7.1
7.0
6.2

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
i

Nu m b e r

S e x , occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

Average
weekly
Km, re 1

t
70

M i d d le r a n g e 2

(standard)

$

$
75

80

t
85

t

$

90

95

%

$

*
100

105

110

*
120

t
130

S
140

S
150

$

S
160

170

»
180

S
190

t

S
200

210

U nder
s
under

70

220

and

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

8

4

14

22

66

20

8

4

9

160

170

180

24

24

190

200

210

220

30

o ve r

MEN
$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

88

3 9 .0

57

3 9 .0

25

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0

510

4 0 .0

C L E R K S , O R D E R ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B O Y S ) ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

$

$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------

$

303

4 0 .0

1 6 3 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

103

4 0 .0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0

200

4 0 .0

1 6 3 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

104

4 0 .0

1 9 1 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

16

14

4

2

14

1

4

9

9

6

6

13

22

10

12

30

7

21

5

3

20

7

10

30

7

21

5

23

1

7

I

1

1

*

~

-

-

-

-

1 7 2 .0 0 -2 1 0 .5 0

71

34

34
32
1

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 8 1 .5 0

5

-

8

4

5

_

17

1
-

i

21

17

3

5

5

1

5

2

17

2
-

8

-

1

i

5

15

1

4

5

1

5

-

-

-

1

i

1

10

1

1

5

1

2

2

“

3

14

2

6

42

42

47

57

10

89

167

3
-

5

2
-

6

9

_

_

_

8 9 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

-

-

-

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1 5 0 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 5 4 .5 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

410

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 0 0 .5 0

9 3 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

_

52

3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0

8 9 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -

9 8 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

5

-

_

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 9 4 .5 0

159

107

3 9 .5

1 0 5 .0 0

9 6 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------

55

3 9 .5

1 6 7 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0

59

3 9 .5

1 4 3 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0

9

36

25

“

17
25

47

2

13

42

7

23

19

10

6

9

-

1

6

17

3

8

8

2

6

1

7

25

4

15

-

1

14

-

-

“

-

34

9

75

167

17

-

“

9

75

167

17

-

-

-

-

“

~
~

—

-

“
-

-

1

“

17

23

34

6
36

47

-

-

-

-

*

2

-

32

8

3

4

2

17

5

3

1

2

17

5

3

5

i i

1

8

1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

T A B ULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------

u

2

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

4 0 .0

13

-

-

82

20

17

-

-

428

1
21

2

2

-

15

5

10

4

4

2

3

3

2

9

10

2

21

2

2

-

-

-

-

2

2

~

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------F I N A N C E ----------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f table:




232

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0

9 3 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

2

1

2

4

78

3 9 .0

1 0 1 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

-

4

154

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

2

1

2

115

3 9 .5

1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

1

8

89

4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

9 4 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

1

7

1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

.

24

12

58

30

1

4

7

11

28

22

-

1

1

28

17

1

30

8

1

1

~

l

23

3

1

20

“

2

2

42

1

1

42

1

63

“

6

12
“

-

*

“

14

4

63

13

3 9 .5

1 2 4 .5 0

_

_

_

_

1

9

8

22

26

56

60

68

15

8

13

9

117

4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

-

-

3

20

-

23

31

8

12

6

13

-

-

1 2 3 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

-

-

179

1

9

5

2

26

33

29

60

-

9

-

62

4 0 .0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

“

~

“

“

5

1

9

8

7

30

296

259

3

2
2

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

13

6

6

58

5

9

84

16

23

20

6

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

2

15

9 5 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

-

13

6

6

58

5

7

74

14

8

20
-

-

6
-

12

3 9 .5

99

3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

-

1

3

4

10

-

-

70

5

6

36

111

314

267

159

27

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

11

1 ,5 6 2

-

12

67
192

-

1
1

3 9 .5

1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_

_

504

3 9 .5

1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

-

1 ,0 5 8

3 9 .5

1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

-

326

4 0 .0

1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

-

-

287

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

-

146

3 9 .5

1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

-

206

3 8 .5

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

“

2

2
2
-

-

-

1
-

_

-

.

_

_

-

_

_

1

-

_

_

19

5

2

47

100

14

12

1

3

-

3

22

38

108

125

91

79

9

17

4

1

-

-

1

4

3

36

44

78

73

239

189

176

80

18

48

20

18

14

12

4

-

-

-

-

11

20

71

32

101

29

5

13

5

14

9

12

4

-

7

27

19

84

68

33

16

4

9

12

1

5

_

_

_

-

-

-

24

13

15

19

33

10

7

1

23

1

_

_

_

*

25

8

13

17

43

50

28

9

6

2

2

3

-

-

-

-

347

65

24

2

8
T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ,, January 1972)
W e e k l y earnings 1
( standard)

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight -time weekly earnings of
$

N um be r

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Unde

weekly
M ea n ^

Med ia n ^

M i d d l e range ^

$

*

75

80

t

t

85

90

>

95

*

*

t

100

105

110

$
120

t

s

130

140

t

S

150

160

*

170

$

S

180

190

S

200

t

210

and
under

s

70

(standard)

70

$

220
and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

15
4
11

45
3
42

178
68
110
54
12
24
17

182
32
150
111
6
5
19

106
19
87
50
3
4
23

13

5

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
26
4

418
88
330
145
35
97
31

13
13

-

-

3
1

180
61
119
16
33
26
28

21
21

-

302
106
196
64
32
50
37

20
20

-

269
102
167
23
64
43
25

48
5
43
32

4

256
71
185
44
49
39
39

-

-

187
41
146
1
37
43
16

-

-

157
23
134
17
57
27
16
17
17

10
10

17
15

21
17

34
33

5

-

20
9
2

59
47
32
9

20
16
14
1

3
3
3

2
2
2

1
1

2

-

1

3

2
2

-

1
1

3
3

17
4
13
13
“

-

12

12

180

190

200

210

220

WO ME N - CONT IN UE D
$
108.50
106.00
109.50
124.50
97.50
101.00
109.50

$
$
$
104.50 94.00- 11 9. 00
103.00 95.50- 11 6. 00
105.50 93.00- 12 0. 50
120.00 10 6.50-137.00
96.50
88 .5 0-106.00
101.00
89 .5 0- 11 3. 00
104.50 94 .0 0- 12 2. 00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------WH OLESALE TRAOE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

2,406
623
1,783
616
329
391
267

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

231
190
56
67

39.5 107.50 104.50 93.0 0- 12 3. 00
39.5 106.00 103.00 91 .0 0- 12 3. 00
40.0 129.50 124.00 122.00-138.00
38.0
93.00
84.50 74.5 0- 10 3. 00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------FINANCE --------------------------

693
204
489
74
67
218

39.5
93.00
91.50
84.5 0- 10 1. 00
39.5
97.00
97.00 91 .0 0- 10 6. 00
39.5
91.00
88.50 83 .0 0- 98.50
40.0 108.50 105.50 100.00-110.00
39.5
85.00
84.50 76 .5 0- 92.00
39.0
89.50 83.00- 97.00
90.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------FINANCE --------------------------

738
129
609
69
442

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

498
154
344
169
63

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

105.50 102.00
110.00 107.50
103.50
99.50
108.50 114.00
88.50
91.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

543
209
334
117
58
94

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

121.00 117.00 105.00-130.50
116.00 116.00 105.00-128.00
1 2 4 .0 0
119.00 105.00-135.00
137.50 130.00 110.50-167.50
115.50 116.00 10 2.50-127.50
116.00 113.00 105.50-127.50

C O M P TO ME TE R OPER AT OR S --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

320
108
212
69
101

39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

116.00
125.00
111.50
106.50
94.00

111.50 96 .0 0- 13 3. 50
130.50 107.00-140.00
104.50 9 3 . 5 0- 11 4. 50
111.00 9 8 . 5 0- 11 3. 00
95.50 86 .0 0- 10 3. 50

KE YP U N C H OP ERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

1,035
361
674
112
239
103
166

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

1 1 6 .5 0

116.00
114.00
117.00
135.00
118.50
113.00
111.50

* A ll w orkers w ere at $65 to $70.
See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les




39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

77.00
83.00
76.00
80.00
74.00

114.50
117.50
134.50
117.50
113.00
111.50

78.50
83.00
76.50
78.50
72.50

6 9 .5 080 .0 06 8 .5 072 .5 06 7 .5 0-

4
-

*

1
1
-

17
17

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

6

6

5

-

*

128
15
113

104
51
53
2
7
38

83
27
56
11
5
31

81
26
55
17
7
29

67
44
23
22

33
15
18
8

3
13

126
16
110
5
17
63

-

191
56
135
19
60

78
33
45
1
43

42
3
39

16
3
13
12
1

22
3
19
5
5

42
42
38
3

96
15
81
22
19

54
43
11
-

34
5
29
15
5

26
22
4
1
3

89
23
66
47
3

58
31
27
17
2

34
5
29
9
2

5
3
2
2

1

3

-

-

1

3

13
2
11

34
28
6

-

-

4
6

2
2

81
42
39
11
2
23

96
46
50
15
16
11

91
18
73
15
13
29

45
32
13
4
1

1

57
18
39
3
11
11

36
12
24
19

-

29
5
24
15
3
1

7

28
1
27
8
19

32
12
20

15
3
12

51

7

2

32
30
2
2

24
24

13

10

47
37
10

22
19
3
1

13

36
11
25
12
13
16

58
20
38
19

156
68
88
1
34
12
28

132
47
85
8

262
105
157
17

240
91
149
15
62
25
39

90
15
75
32
35

44

32
6
26

25
3
22

-

-

-

2
-

14
1

84.00 *211
86.50
83.00 211
84.00
3
81.50 208

66
7
59
28
29

4
4

17

10 5.50-126.00
10 5.00-122.00
10 6. 50-128.00
12 5. 00-148.00
10 6. 50 -1 29 .0 0
106.50-122.00
10 3. 00-120.00

-

_

-

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

“

«

2

6

6

9

6

6

-

-

-

12
37

-

2
-

-

~

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

-

-

“

“

*

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

-

-

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

~

-

-

-

14

7
2
5

3

4

4

-

-

-

6
3
3

17

-

-

11

21

6

128
24
104
6
79

1

9 2 . 0 0- 11 9. 00
9 7 . 5 0- 12 4. 00
90 .5 0- 1 1 8 . 5 0
9 0 . 0 0- 12 0. 00
7 3 .5 0- 95.00

-

-

17

20

6

9
-

9

15
2
13

19

5

5

-

-

5

5

5

11

*
1
3

3
2

2
9

14

-

“

-

-

3

4

21

55

22

30
44

27

3
3

_

-

“
11
4
7
1

-

~

12
4

6

5

2

34

1
-

4

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

*

4

40
19
12

-

14
14
-

12
10

-

21
6
15
14
~
1

1

1
1

3

3

-

3
3

3
3

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

1
-

-

“

-

34
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1972)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of-

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

$

»

S
Average
weekly

70
Under
*
and
under
70

75

%

$
80

85

$

S

90

95

*
100

»
105

$

$
no

120

t

*
130

140

*

*

S

150

160

170

t

*
180

190

200

1---210

i
220
and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

1*°

150

160

170

180

190

15
3
12

133
24
109

226
74
152
9
29
28
77

151
32
119
14
25
27
47

209
36
173
40
25
24
53

121
43
78
3
12
6
52

207
49
158
19
24
12
75

63
13
50
35

44
5
39
17
12
10

12
12
6
6

102

44
3
41
41

7
4
3
3

3
3

1
1

3
3

102
99
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

72
2
70
1
1
68

89.00
89.50
89.00
86.00

4
4
-

8
1
7

3

2
1
1

-

-

1
1
-

-

“

-

3

1036 1149
656
662
380 487
42
23
61
78
83
83
179
233

755
386
369
102
93
59
91

383
221
162
40
27
15
74

274
141
133
29
63
3
35

180
67
113
57
35
10
3

89
31
58
48
4
3
3

67
32
35
26
5
2
1

200

210

220 over

WO ME N - CONT IN UE D
1,508
323
1,185
295
181
143
471

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

$
106.00
103.50
107.00
135.00
101.50
100.50
94.50

ME SSENGERS 10FFICE GIRLS! ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

460
144
316
197

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5

84.50
85.50
84.00
81.50

82.50
85.00
81.00
80.00

SECRETARIES --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

5,413
2,795
2,618
432
534
396
1,011

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

134.00
134.00
133.50
151.50
139.50
127.50
126.50

132.00
132.00
132.00
149.00
138.00
127.00
125.50

11 9.50-145.00
12 1.50-144.00
11 6.50-146.50
13 5.00-174.00
118.50-160.00
116.50-139.00
114.00-138.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------

406
159
247
82
80

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

160.00
161.50
158.50
172.00
159.00

163.00
167.00
159.00
185.50
162.50

14 2.50-178.50
14 2.00-182.50
14 3.50-174.50
148.50-192.00
14 6.00-170.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

1,209
583
626
117
118
95
251

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

146.00
147.50
144.50
160.00
146.00
141.50
135.00

145.50
149.50
143.00
166.00
144.00
140.50
136.00

133.00-158.50
135.50-159.50
130.50-155.00
14 8.00-179.50
136.00-160.50
135.00-148.00
123.50-148.00

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

2,015
1,282
733
116
128
120
277

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

133.00
133.00
133.00
147.00
146.50
126.00
126.50

132.00
132.00
131.50
144.00
139.50
122.50
129.00

122.50-140.50
125.00-140.00
11 7.00-142.00
132.00-163.50
112.00-174.00
117.50-134.00
11 5.50-137.00

_

-

-

-

3

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

26
3
23

49
13
36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

1
4

1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ---------- -—
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

1,659
771
888
117
152
146
378

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

120.50
120.50
120.00
133.00
119.50
117.50
119.00

119.00
119.50
118.50
136.00
117.00
120.50
118.00

109.50-129.50
112.00-128.50
106.50-131.00
11 5.50-148.50
107.00-131.50
105.50-129.00
107.50-127.50

_
-

-

21
21
8
7
1
3

42

-

42
1
3
3
31

84
16
68

1,284
359
925
346
180
215

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.5

111.50
104.00
114.50
136.50
109.00
93.00

103.50
96.00- 12 2. 00
102.00
95.50- 10 9. 00
104.50 96.00- 13 1. 00
138.50 112.50-161.50
106.00
97 .0 0-119.50
95.50
84.00- 99.50

66
28
38
8
1
18

119
47
72
9
28
15

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----WH OL ES AL E TRADE ------RETAIL TRAOE ----------FINANCE -----------------

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GENERAL
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -PUBLIC UT ILITIES ■
WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE -----------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s




$
101.50 91.50- 11 4. 00
100.00
91.50- 11 0. 00
102.00 91 .5 0- 11 5. 00
141.50 108.50-158.50
98.50 90 .0 0- 11 0. 00
98.00 91.50- 10 6. 50
95.00
83 .0 0-106.50
75.5079.0074.5075.00-

-

-

8
4

14
12
77

95
28
67
9
22
14
12

99
15
84
48

87
27
60
49

87
30
57
47

84
42
42
30

36
5
31
18

30
22
8
3

6
6
2

10

3

10

3

_
-

-

_
-

*

24
24
8
10
1
3

55
55
9
4
3
35

114
19
95
1
18
32

188
69
119
39
26
39

244
95
149
16
21
18
84

801
407
394
27
68
72
199

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

-

~
-

14
14

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

103
11
92
9
-12
68

K

8
8
8

4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

*

4

-

30
30
~

1
28

9
6

-

-

“

-

-

27
7
20
5
15
“

26
2
24
9
*

i
i
i
“

-

18
12
6

30
11
19
5
6

83
27
56
18
19

39
8
31
6
15

54
26
28
3
19

57
20
37
2
19

44
22
22
19

45
20
25
23

9
3
6
4
2

-

-

-

-

*

-

56
18
38

141
68
73

217
148
69
17
2
11
39

146
100
46
9
24
1
10

62
28
34
29
2
3

3
3
1
2

i
-

15

i
-

“

33
4
29
25
1
2
1

15

13
5
41

268
109
159
20
44
32
55

9
6
3

12
3
23

215
102
113
8
15
36
49

464
364
100
15
5
35
44

632
438
194
10
20
22
103

301
222
79
38
8
8
12

90
53
37
9
5
3
20

26
6
20
8
10
1
1

53
19
34
18
14
2

12
5
7
4
3
-

12
5
7
3
3
1
-

8

-

1
1
-

13
10
3
2

-

20

10
8
17

266
136
130
11
10
39
55

1
17
27

124
56
68
23
15
15

162
83
79
16
11
9
37

440
243
197
16
37
27
104

390
212
178
6
29
42
82

228
111
117
19
20
24
47

88
28
60
26
14
8
10

30
12
18
8
1

41
9
32
9
6

-

17

-

-

184
56
128
23
10
68

222
84
138
9
31
27

129
51
78
23
37
11

123
46
77
27
17
3

81
19
62
33
19
2

52

36
1
35
23
12

68
15
53
46
6

59

35

2

-

52
41
7

-

59
58
-

8
8

-

35
35
-

-

.1

-

5

16

50
12
38

-

-

*

15
4
11
11
-

11
2
9
9
-

i
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

_

-

10
T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied
W e e k ly warnings
dard)

an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, M in n ., Janu ary 1972)

*

N u m ber

*
N u m ber
S ex ,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

of
workers

A verage
U nde
hours 1
(standard)

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

%

t
70

S

$

*

of w o rk e rs

t

s

75

80

85

90

95

80

85

90

95

100

32
2
30

87
16
71

*7
31
16

-

-

t

-

r e c e iv in g
$

s tr a ig h t- tim e

*

$

w e e k ly

t

$

e a r n in g s
$

o f

*

t

*

f

1 ------ 1 ----210
220

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

lo g

no

120

130

no

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

135
97
38

*8 3
366
117
6
11
56

329
167
162

178

69
11
58
22
9
17

58
31
27
7
20

26
13
13
10
3

35
2
33
18
15

63
3
60
12
48

7
3
4
4

3
1
2
2

2
2
2

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

7

1

1

3

15
13
13

4
4
4

-

_

and

70

and

u nder

75

-

o ve r

WOMEN - CONTINUED
S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

1 ,7 3 9
905
83*
128
24*
2 **

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 * 4 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

$
$
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

153
80
73

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

310
266
*7
82

* 0 .5
* 0 .5
*0 .0
*0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

9 7 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR— RECEPTIONI STS—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

785
2 *6
539
67
1*1
185
76

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
*0 .0
* 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

312
77
235
156

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

1 ,2 5 8
621
637
72
79
83
377

3 9 .5
* 0 .0
3 9 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

1 ,6 3 8
*71
1 ,1 6 7
135
1*6
99
679

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 7 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

8 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

$

*

A ll

See

w o rk e rs

fo o tn o te s

w e re

a t




at

$65

end

o f

ta b le s ,

to

$ 70 .

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

5

1
4

18
*2

1
2

20
13

178
118
60
1
16
2*

2
2

6
2

28
6
22

23
15
8

19
11
8

3*
21
13

15
13
2

*

8
6
2

38
36

3*
14

32
29

21
17
5
7

31
29
21
1

4
1
1

6
3
2

15
6
9
9

*

*2
62

* *

13*
40
35
2*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

6
6

44
*4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

2

16

13

6

*

25

25
21
1
2

20

11

20

11

29
*
25

-

-

88
17
71
5
5
56
1

124
*9
75
9
*2
3
19

77
37
40
1
15
10
6

1*3
67
76
15
2*
13
2

7
2
5
2
3

11
“

6
16
1

118
25
93
1
32
33
9

63
27
36
17
7

20

88
10
78
8
7
23
38

23
5
18
18

13
9
4
2

28
12
16
15

38
8
30
22

55
15
*0
31

38
10
28
21

*1
6
35
13

31
6
25
10

22
4
18
7

83
14
69

79
38
*1

130
72
58

139
81
58

3

6

7

37
4
33
24
3

29

9
11
33

56
31
25
12
3

62

18
25
52

1*8
90
58
12
6

51

1*
3
35

217
90
127
9
10
31
69

217
119

55

103
38
65

268
105
163

2 80
67
213
12

170
51
119

117

36
20
16

2*
*5

32
21
48

163
81
82
25
32

“

_

*

~

”
17
-

-

*

17
17

-

-

-

~

-

-

3
*

56
1

~

-

-

3
-

*4
*3

*

7 6 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0 *256
8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
256
9 7 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
1
6 8 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0
255

5

-

128
20
108

~

8

3

-

3

1
10*

3

25
17
78

53

83

6

5*
63
21

5
5
29

98

-

8

6

2

5
1

33

7

6

36
21
15

26

35
10
25
19

6

3

1

*

-

2

20

3

6

*

22
10
12

6

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

-

“

“
-

-

-

_

_

3

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

*

*

*

5

8

6

1

-

-

5
5

8

6

8

6

2

-

52
48
4
4

-

1

-

-

-

_
-

*

35
33
2

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

“

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
T a b le A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied in esta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p olis—St. P a u l, M in n ., Janu ary 1972)
Weekly earnings 1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of

(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

$

Average

Under
M ean2

Median2

Middle range2

(standard]

t
70

t

$

t

*

*

t

*

*

*

S

1 --- *

*

S

S

S

S

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

*70

180

190

200

210

220

4
1
3

6
1
5

11
4
7
1

11
7
4
1

17
4
13

11
2
9
7

16
9
7
4

13
1
12
10

25
4
21
21

16
9
7
7

15
3
12
12

_

-

-

12
4
8
5
2

16
1
15
14
1

9
9
-

and
under

$
70

75

MEN

$

$

$

$

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ----------

167
51
116
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS) —
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------

100
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE --------------------------

824
309
515
270
65
78

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

1 ,3 4 8
349
999
358
305
188

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

95
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

329
125
204
30
106

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

9 0 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

227
61
166
123

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 7 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 7 7 .5 0 -

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

96
71
63

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

214
61
153
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

C O MP TO ME TE R OPER AT OR S --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

195
150
101

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

KE YP U N C H OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FI NA NC E --------------------------

603
312
291
62
71
106

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0 - 2 0 0 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 0 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0 - 1 9 8 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 1 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

4

-

2
1

7
1

23
6

7
4

13
5

8
5

4
2

6

2
1

1
1

2
2

17
17

5
5

3
3

-

5
1
4

6
3
3
-

11

-

11

14
3
11

-

-

-

4
-

55
17
38
11
8
1

79
28
51
20
11
9

208
88
120
63
26
18

154
80
74
23
11
24

163
56
107
88
2
7

39
19
20
3
1
9

17
4
13
5
1
6

17
2
15
13
2

124
38
86
1
34
8

147
63
84
1
39
19

165
70
95
14
43
21

211
65
146
62
50
25

89
37
52
12
16
20

218
35
183
96
67
19

91
17
74
36
14
17

100
5
95
73
5
16

38
4
34
10
1
23

30
5
25
14

11

10

5

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

10
10

13
13

5
5

-

-

11

“

-

2
2

5
3

6
2

4
3

5

13
2

43
31

6
2

3
3

2
2

1
1

2
2

-

50
15
35

46
16
30

18
11
7
4

25
15
10
8

1
1

-

_

1

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

5
1

-

-

3
2
1
1

3

12

14

3
1

12
4

14
14

5
4

34
34

1
1

1
1

-

-

WOMEN

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f tables.




8 4 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

9
1
8

-

-

-

-

4

-

14

-

1

*

18
8

1
1

_

2

-

-

-

-

2

15
3
12

18
3
15

74
16
58

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

9

40

21

23

35
17
18
2
12

_

19
7
12
6

91
24
67
52

76
18
58
42

20
3
17
15

11
3
8
4

4
3
1
1

17
17
17

-

5
5
5

4
4
3

21
19
19

7
3
-

8
6
5

6
4
3

9

3
3

8
3
2

2
2
2

-

-

1

3
-

10
2
8

12
6
6

27
8
19
3

13
5
8
2

42
9
33
15

26
5
21
8

17
8

12

-

9

3
1

16
14
13

15
12
10

12
11
10

12
3

26
2

-

86

103
45
58

200

114
77
37
15
5
12

22

6

12

8

3
3
1

6
6

12
12
12
*

5
1
4
4

6
3
3
3

4
4
4

9

-

2
-

-

*
29
3
26

-

54
6
48

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

~

-

-

"

13
5
8
2

2
2

6
6

6
6

2

6

6

9
9
9

15
13
13

14
13
13

20
19
19

-

16

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

2

11

34
15
19

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

~

*

”

2

9

10

48
38
1
12
20

-

38
28
10
9

8

16
23

105
95
17
30
30

4

14
9
3

9

2

5
1

13

”
-

“
-

-

“

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

«

3

3

-

-

-

3
3

5
2
3
3
-

1

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
T a b le A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n an d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan u ary 1972)
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d occu pation s studied in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—

1

Average
weekly

*
70

M ean2

Median2

Middle range2

(standard)

i
75

I
80

*
85

i
90

*
95

$
100

Ti

105

t
130

i
140

i
150

i
160

*
170

i
180

i
190

S
200

f

210

220

and

under

70

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

4
2
2

3
3

40
1
39

59
23
36

HO

-

-

-

12
19

14
12

39
71
9
28
15

111
27
84
14
27
33

91
19
72
21
24
13

51
23
28
3
6
13

43
14
29
17

15
5
10
4

11
7
4

6

4

-

28
14
14
-

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

75
39
36
7
12
8

28
3
25
16
9

28
5
23
13
10

6
6
6

99
99
99

44
3
41
41

7
4
3
3

-

-

-

1
1

200

210

220

over

1
1

3
3
-

-

-

CONTINUED
$
$
1 1 3 .5 0 1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0 1 5 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

$
$
9 4 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

763
198
565
232
143
113

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

MESSENGERS (O FFIC E G IR L S ) -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

287
95
192
131

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 - 8 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

3 ,6 7 9
2 ,4 4 4
1 ,2 3 5
278
173
315
390

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 3 4 ,5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------

190
90
100
60

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 1 .5 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0 - 1 8 8 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -1 8 9 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 8 8 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

781
469
312!
92
90

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0 - 1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

1 ,4 6 8
1 ,1 6 6
302
75
109

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 - 1 5 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1 ,1 7 3
719
454
52
122

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

713
239
474
272
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

1 ,0 3 5
685
350
76
123

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 - 1 8 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

104
67

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

See fo o tn o tes at end o f tables,




i
120

$
75

WOMEN -

i
n o

-

-

-

-

*

“

1

50
15
35
27

83
27
56
49

65
25
40
32

-

4

12

-

4
1
1
“

12
1
4
3
2

1

1

3

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

1
_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_
“

-

4
4

-

-

-

*

-

_

~
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
5
1

-

-

-

-

-

~

141
82
59
6
12
34

537
357
180
19
30
43
80

722
535
187
19
26
66
58

830
587
243
35
34
77
86

515
340
175
35
24
59
49

323
207
116
36
9
15
53

179
128
51
20
15
3
11

131
66
65
44
11
10
*

85
31
54
47
1
3
3

52
29
23
17
2
2
1

14
7
7
5
2
-

7
1
6
5

28
7
21
5

15
3
12
6

22
16
6
3

29
19
10
2

44
22
22
19

33
17
16
14

7
3
4
4

-

*

3
3
-

—

i
i
-

”

160
86
74
32
27

198
143
55
11
28

121
97
24
1
10

62
28
34
3
*

32
4
28
2
1

9
6
3

5
3
2
1

18
13
5
4

16
12
4
i

154
108
46
11
18

369
311
58
11
16

487
408
79
10
40

262
219
43
19
12

80
51
29
7
16

18
6
12
3
1

34
19
15
7
“

9
5
4
4
“

9
5
4
3
-

4
4
-

23
11
12

84
46
38

-

184
111
73
12
24

56
28
28
6
8

6
6
6

-

1
1
-

15

290
192
98
6
31

14
9
5
5

4

353
241
112
8
27

-

-

121
70
51
9

26
10
16
8

1

11
11
1
3

47
28
19
-

60
35
25
1

124
60
64
9
23

80
28
52
23
11

63
22
41
27
3

43
6
37
24
2

45
45
41

13
1
12
12

42
5
37
36

57
57
56

32
32
32

1
1
1

-

67
57
10

111
73
38
1
18

385
303
82
6
49

245
157

57
26
31
10
14

11
7
4

-

28
19
9
7

12
2
10
10

20
2
18
18

15
3
12
12

7
3
4
4

3
1
2
2

15

26
19

10

3
1

6
5

7

1

1

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

“

-

8

8

*

-

-

3

3

9
2
7

30
16
14

-

-

-

30
14
16

1

2

_

-

2

6
4

-

103
59
44
6
16
12

129
67
62
33
14

-

-

3

44
30
14
5
3

96
47
49
10
16

-

1

19
8
11
3
6

8
6
2
-

-

2

2
2
1

-

-

-

4

2

1
1
1

-

2
1
1
-

-

6
2

2
1
1

5
2
3
2

-

2

-

2
10
6

-

3
16
10

11

88

4
34

8

1

i
i
i
“

*
2
2
-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_
-

2

“

13
T a b le A -1a.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 w orkers o r m ore by industry division, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
dard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rec eiving straight-time w e ekly e arnings of—
%

N um be r

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Average
w e e kl y

Under
M ean2

M edian2

*

Middle range2

70

%

75

80

$

*

%

85

%

t

90

95

100

*

%

105

110

$
120

$
130

$

t

140

150

s

160

170

s

180

t

%

190

200

»

210

and
u n der

70

(standard)

%

75

220
and

80

85

90

95

8

16

8

3

7

3

100

105

110

5

5

11

12

8

36
15

15

14

19

13

62
41

85
67

102
56

66
46

25
17

11
29

28

16

120

130

140

150

2

6

1

33
2

48
4

160

170

180

190

-

1

-

-

3

3

3

-

200

210

220 over

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
$

$

$

$

31

SW IT CH BO AR D OP ERATOR-RECEPTIONI STS-

40.0

13 9 . 5 0

1 45 .0 0

90.00-126.50
87.50-126.00
126.00-153.50

72

3 9 .5

1 12 .5 0

1 11 .0 0

100.00-123.50

1

-

-

-

1

13

'

18

10

-

-

-

-

-

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
99.50
102.50

MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

493
356

46
63

3 9 .5
39.5
40.0
3 9. 5

10 9.0 0 10 3 . 0 0
1 04 .5 0 1 01 .0 0
1 38 .5 0
10 1.5 0 10 0 . 5 0

307
109
96
145

See footnotes at end o f tables.




94 .0 0 91.00-

109. 50
1 06 .0 0

96.00-1 0 9 .5 0

96.0 0 112. 00 9 4 . 0 0 - 1 10 .0 0
120.00-157.00
97.0 0 105.00
88.50-108.00

87 . 0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

88 .5 0
88 . 5 0

6

81.50-

98.00

88 . 5 0

8 5 .5 0 - 92.00
8 4 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

-

4
29

38
27

28

20

1

1
1

38
19

i
11

21

24

31
22

72

55
119

29
72

29
51

17
29

42
46

21
28

19

*

1

37
45

11

16
11

1
18
15

-

14
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l

and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n

and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p olis—St. Pa u l, M inn., January 1972)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

100
Under
*
and
100
under

Middle range2

Median2

t

t

no

S

$

s

$

S

s

S

S

t

*

1

*

$

$

$

$

1 ----290

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

-

10

18

27

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

r5

18
19
8

-

29

2
9
1:6

12

3

2

5

139

108

41

31

33

10

81
8

54

37

29

33
20

10

1

1

27

28

18

29

24

25

14

22
14

20
5
15
13

9
8

10

4

5

3

27
12
15

36
14
22

15
17

45

19
13

16
14

10
10

19
18

and

MEN AND WOMEN COM BINED!
$

$6Q

114
171
82

$
1

38.5

16 1 . 5 0
1 59 .0 0
1 58 .5 0

1 6 0. 5 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 172. 50 1 5 6. 0 0 1 4 3 . 5 0 - 1 7 1 . 0 0
1 64 .5 0
157 .0 0 1 4 3 . 0 0 -

579

3 9 .5

1 43 .5 0

139 .0 0

129.00-154.00

14

25

378
70

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

3 9 .5

1 46 .5 0
164 .5 0

141. 50
1 64 . 5 0

129.50151.50-

14

19

3 9 T5

1

2

1

3

2

-

16

54
125
f I

r 1N A N v t

—

106
69

40.0

163.50
187 .0 0

3

Q
Q

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

144 .5 0

1 io C
A
1 26 .5 0
39 ^ 116 00
3 8 .5 11 0 . 5 0 1 0 3. 5 0

135 .5 0

66

16
36

7

3
18
1 3 0 . 014 1 6 540 0
0.5

*1 7

59
32

9

1n

3

11

13

14
8

8

1
13

2

3

6
,

3

«!

118.50-137.50
100.00-121.00

33

8

u

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
8

382

1/ ^
165

39* '
00
3 9 .0 2 20 .0 0 2 1 7 .0 0
4 0 . 0 23 0 .5 0 2 4 5 .0 0
3 0 . v 2 08 .0 0 2 0 8 .0 0

600

3 9. 5

309

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------------------

277
323

n
XA A
J•*
: 1
3B.5

20 0 . 0 0
2 13 .5 0

2 0 0. 0 0
2 1 5. 5 0

>.

- .0

1 88 .0 0

37
34
29

176.50-218.50
197.00-233.00

1
8

6

33

50

59
14

56

1

-

-

-

-

4

26

25
3
22

167.50-204.50

r3

39 * 3

149.00-192.00
1 74 .5 0
in n
39 .0 16 1 .^ 0 1 6 1 . j 0

*

9

*

9

r8

13
t2

15

2

21

81
28
/

2

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
61
150

30
30
17

174.00-219.50
10

8
1

8

2 4 0. 5 0
264 .0 0

25

xa

120

199.00188.00-

3

19

42

14
50

10
34

25

72
33
39

91

15

16
5

7

16

43
32
11

31
19
12

31

33

41
14
27
19

17

31
25

35

41
17
24

47
19
28

33
17
16

9

2
9
on
20

22

7

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
6

14

1

£
6

14
13

15

42

34

13

14

33

27

7

3

1

178
93

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

30 . j

28 1 .5 0 2 8 3. 0 0
2 57 .5 0 2 5 4. 0 0
2 42 .0 0 2 3 9 .0 0

261.00-300.50
234.50-280.50

8

8

28
8

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
33^

2

39*** ^ 5^ *00
3 9 .5
21 8 . 0 0
3 9 .0
20 9 . 5 0

2 1 7. 5 0
tl G.->0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 7. 5 0 1 6 6 . 5 0 1 7 5. 0 0 1 6 6 . 5 0 -

235.50201.50-

275 .5 0
241 .0 0

*
1

*

3

7

;

*

5

2

28
28

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
*'
t

*
**
***

1 82 .5 0
182 .0 0

203. 50
2 0 4. 0 0

7
7

2

Separate earnings inform ation fo r men and women not available for these occupations.
A ll w orkers w ere at $90 to $100.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $290 to $300; 7 at $300 to $320; and 2 at $320 to $340.
Workers w ere distributed as follow s: 29 at $290 to $300; 30 at $300 to $320; 10 at $320 to $340; and 4 at $340 to $360.

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




8
*

7

*

28
8
20

15
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n an d w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

T a b le A -2 .

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied

an a re a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p o lis—
St. P a u l, M inn., January 1972)

W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
S

hours1
(standard)

M ean2

M edian2

140

1
150

160

$
170

180

190

200

$
210

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

~
*

-

-

”

1
1

21
11
10

29
29
“

69
60
9

127
99
28

5
5
“

9
8
1

11
11
*

50
47
3
“

95
72
23
1

154
136
18
5

182
107
75
8

142
121
21
13

37
25
12
10

12
6
6

36
28
8

131
81
50

118
81
37

56

19

3

4

33

3

23

16

23
4
19

3

4

3

8
2

10
5

25
18

25
18

37
34

7
7

t

t

t

*

*

$

t

t

I

1 ----290

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

116
79
37

124
114
10

55
54
1

33
30
3

43
29
14

9
8
1

29
20
9

4
1
3

_

_

1

4

43
36
7
2

9
4
5

11

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

6

-

-

-

and
under

S
100

Middle range2

$

$

130

100

S

t

120

-

IT ^
Under

Av ” 8
w; ;

*

s

110

110

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

and

HEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

665
535
130

3 9. 5
40.0
3 9 .0

$
2 10 .0 0
2 09 .5 0
2 12 .0 0

$
2 07 .0 0
208.50
203.50

$
$
194.00-221.50
195.00-221.00
193.00-240.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

PUBLIC U V IL IT IE S ---------------

754
572
182
39

40.0
40.0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

17 3.0 0
1 71 .0 0
1 79 .5 0
18 3.5 0

1 73 .0 0
1 70 .5 0
176.50
185.50

161.00-184.00
160.00-183.50
170.00-188.50
176.50-194.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

408
239
169

39.5
3 9 .5
39.0

1 43 .5 0
14 0.0 0
148.5 0

1 41 .5 0
1 40 .0 0
147.0 0

136.00-150.50
135.50-145.50
136.50-160.50

125
90

39 .5
40.0

1 73 .5 0
1 78 .0 0

1 77 .0 0
1 80 .5 0

163.00-184.00
168.50-185.00

■
_

-

-

5
2

1
1

3

4

1

“

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL CREGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1

8
5

1
1

See footnotes at end o f tables.

T a b le A -2 a .

P ro fe s s io n a l

a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — la rg e e s t a b lis h m e n t s — m e n

and w o m e n

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 w orkers or m ore by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., January 1972)
Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

U n d er
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$
100

t

$
100

110

t
120

t

%

130

140

t

t
150

160

t
170

t
180

*
190

$

S
200

210

t

»
220

230

$
240

$

t

250

260

*
270

I
280

and
un d er

290
a il

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

-

-

4
-

11
5

220

24

34

24

5

17
7

12

6
-

6

27

43
24
19

24

18

2

12

6

1
5

18
2

24
-

7

3

-

-

1

230

240

250

260

270

280

-

-

-

290

over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINEDt
$
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

t

181

39.5

1 65 .0 0

106
75

3 9.5
39.5

1 62 .5 0
168 .5 0

$
1 6 2 .5 0
1 61 .0 0
1 66 .0 0

$
152.

$

00- - 1 7 8

00

-

151. 0 0 -1 7 3
1 5 5 . 00- - 1 8 7

00
50

-

00

_

358
177

39.5
3 9.5

1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 43 .0 0
1 38 .0 0

1 3 3 . 00- - 1 5 8
1 2 9 . 5 0 - -144

50

-

-

181
60

39.5

1 5 5 .5 0
1 52 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 8 . 5 0 --1 71 50
1 3 4 . 00- 1 7 2 . 00

-

-

38.5

Separate earnings information fo r men and women not available for these occupations.

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

4

6

6

7

12
6

54

85
53

75
50

48
16

28

41

6

13

32

25

16

24

7

2

8

15

5

32
6

24

2

6

10

4

2

2

4

3
l
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

16
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d occu pation s studied in es ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis -S t. P a u l, M in n ., Janu ary 1972)
W e e k l y earnings 1
dard)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

N um b e r

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Average

Under

hours 1
(standard)

M ea n 2

M edian 2

M i d d l e r a ng e 2

i
100

*
100

*
110

*
120

*
130

1
140

S
150

*
160

$
170

%

*
180

190

I
200

and
under

$
210

*

*

$

$

s

1 --------

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

-

-

290

and

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

-

-

210

220

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED t —
CONTINUED
$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

$

$

$

151

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

4

24

22

48

37

13

-

1

-

52

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

1

2

9

21

11

5

-

1

-

99

3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

3

22

13

27

26

1

_

4

3 9 .5

2 3 3 .5 0

2 2 2 .0 0

59

3 9 .5

2 5 5 .0 0

2 6 1 .0 0

3 9 .0

2 2 0 .0 0

2 1 7 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0

421

3 9 .5

2 0 8 .0 0

2 0 8 .5 0

1 8 8 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0

244

3 9 .5

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 7 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------S YSTEM S

-

1

1

-

1

1

14

12

6

12

7

5

14

3

3

4

7

5

5

*1 3

11

9

2

5

2

-

-

-

8

_

2
-

33

8

3

5

10

-

3

1

19

1

2 0 5 .5 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

152

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

COMPUTER

_

2 1 6 .5 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

93

_

-

-

-

2

16

10

15

23

8

1

“

“

_

_

_

_

4

2

12

25

31

36

45

65

74

41

26

29

9

10

4

5

3

-

-

-

-

4

1

3

10

14

9

16

30

51

32

19

26

8

9

4

5

3

7

3

1

1

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

3 9 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 9 6 .5 0

1 8 0 .5 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

40

4 0 .0

2 0 6 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0

1 8 5 .5 0 -2 2 2 .0 0

“

104

3 9 .5

1 7 6 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 6 0 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

_

58

3 9 .5

1 7 0 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0

-

1 5 3 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

*

_

“

_

_

1
*

17

27

29

35

23

5

9

15

2

5

4

9

5

2

4

7

1

1

i

'

-

177

9

*

6

9

10

17

14

23

13

6

6

8

11

7

11

7

2
2

ANALYSTS,

BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

198

3 9 .0

2 7 2 .0 0

6

11

3 9 .0

2 8 4 .5 0

2 8 6 .0 0

2 5 1 .0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0 -3 0 1 .5 0

1

102
96

3 9 .0

2 5 9 .0 0

2 6 6 .5 0

2 3 0 .5 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

1

6

11

272

3 9 .5

2 3 5 .5 0

26

2 7 8 .0 0

2 3 9 .5 0

2 1 0 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

125

3 9 .5

2 5 7 .0 0

2 5 4 .5 0

3 9 .5

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 6 .0 0

1 9 8 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

61

3 8 .5

2 0 9 .0 0

2 1 4 .0 0

_

_

-

-

53

4 0 .0

1 9 4 .0 0

1 9 3 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 9 2 .0 0

12

14

45

9

8

3

10

8

12

22

25

16

29

i i

12

39

2

1

4

5

7

7

15

32

19

16

10

19

4

7

7

15

19

17

13

14

10

18

-

2

1

4

5

7

7

14

22

18

9

14

20

15

6

2

“

”

2

1

4

5

6

3

3

4

7

5

3

6

8

2

2

_

_

-

_

-

-

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0

'

1

2

6

4

9

8

5

7

6

3

1

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

8

1

1 7 4 .5 0 -2 4 4 .5 0

51

4

6

-

2 3 8 .0 0 -2 7 7 .5 0

147

**6 7

2

22
14

26

2

12
9

22

*

2

B

4

9

7

4

7

6

1

-

-

_

.

3

'

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1

396

4 0 .0

2 0 8 .5 0

2 0 7 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

376

4 0 .0

2 0 8 .5 0

2 0 7 .0 0

1 9 4 .0 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

19

45

67

73

67

42

30

23

8

8

1

1

11

19

45

64

66

62

41

27

23

8

8

1

“

“

“

*

5

4

6

32

51

85

67

66

24

7

4

5

3

6

32

47

79

64

51

12

5

4

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

3

13

10

2

2

1

6

25

47

48

27

7

9

1

2

1

6

23

46

47

25

3

4

3

8

10

20

23

31

2

5

13

18

28

351

4 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

30B

4 0 .0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

34

4 0 .0

1 8 4 .5 0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 7 9 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

-

173

3 9 .5

1 4 1 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

157

3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

*

WOMEN*

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

112

3 9 .5

1 7 3 .5 0

1 7 7 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

79

4 0 .0

1 7 8 .5 0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

1
*

‘

t
*
**

"

‘

Separate earnings inform ation for men and women not available fo r these occupations.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $ 290 to $ 300; 7 at $ 300 to $ 320; and 2 at $ 320 to $ 340.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 28 at $ 290 to $ 300; 29 at $ 300 to $ 320; 9 at $ 320 to $ 340; and 1 at $ 340 to $ 360.

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




7
7

8

1

5

1

“

17
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p olis—St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1972)
A v e r ag e

A v e r a ge

Occupation and industry division

Nu m b e r
of
workers

W e e k ly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BI LLE RS, MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------BILLE RS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE! ------ — -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------- — -----------------MANUFACTURING---------— ----------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------

Occupation and industry division

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .5 0

78

3 9 .0

1 0 1 .5 0

155

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .0 0

233

127

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

296

3 9 .5

117

4 0 .0

179

3 9 .5

1 2 3 .5 0

62

4 0 .0

236

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE -------------------------------

263

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0

196

3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0

99

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .0 0

3 9 .5

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------------------

SECRETARIES -

1 4 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

579

4 0 .0

1 5 7 .0 0

63

3 9 .5

8 8 .5 0

4 0 .0

CONTINUED

$
1 6 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

406

4 0 .0

159

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

1 ,2 0 9

251

3 9 .0

1 3 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

2 ,0 1 8

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .0 0

1 ,2 8 2

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

1 ,6 6 0

3 9 .0

771

3 9 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

889

3 9 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0

247

3 9 .5

1 5 8 .5 0

82

4 0 .0

1 7 2 .0 0

80

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0

222

4 0 .0

349

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

123

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0

65

4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0

96

4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0

108

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .0 0

69

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .5 0

101

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 4 6 .0 0

583

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .5 0

626

3 9 .5

1 4 4 .5 0

117

4 0 .0

1 6 0 .0 0

118

4 0 .0

1 4 6 .0 0

95

3 9 .5

1 4 1 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0

213

321

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

1 ,0 3 6

3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .0 0

607

3 9 .5

1 3 4 .0 0

1 ,2 5 8

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .0 0

430

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .0 0

358

4 0 .0

1 2 6 .0 0

153

3 9 .5

1 2 4 .5 0

221

3 8 .5

1 2 0 .5 0

CLASS B ------------

1 ,5 1 2

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .5 0

2 *49 4

3 9 .5

1 0 9 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-----------------------------------------

324

4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

1 ,1 8 8

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0

298

4 0 .0

181

4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0

143

4 0 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

471

3 8 .5

9 4 .5 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S ) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

619

3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0

736

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .0 0

119

4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0

128

4 0 .0

1 4 6 .5 0

120

4 0 .0

1 2 6 .0 0

277

3 8 .5

1 2 6 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 ,8 6 5

654

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0

1 ,8 4 0

3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0

641

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

336

4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0

391

3 9 .5

1 0 1 .0 0

292

3 9 .0

362

3 9 .5

1 1 4 .5 0

674

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

112

4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0

239

4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0

103

3 9 .5

1 1 3 .0 0

166

3 8 .5

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0

236

3 9 .5

1 0 8 .0 0

195

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0

57

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0

71

3 8 .0

9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------------

693

3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0

204

3 9 .5

196

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0

423

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0

66
55

3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0

222

3 8 .5

8 2 .0 0

5 ,4 1 7

3 9 .5

1 3 4 .0 0

2 ,7 9 5

3 9 .5

3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0

74

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

67

3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0

218

3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0

738

3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0

129

3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0

609

3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0

69

4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0

442

3 8 .5

7 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

378

3 8 .5

1 1 9 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

1 ,2 9 0

3 9 .5

1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

359

3 9 .5

931

3 9 .5

1 1 4 .5 0

352

4 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

180

4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

215

3 8 .5

9 3 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

1 ,7 4 0

3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0

2 ,6 2 2

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

905

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0

835

3 9 .5

1 2 8 .0 0

128

4 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0

245

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .5 0

244

3 8 .5

1 1 5 .0 0

155

3 9 .0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0

9 7 .0 0

489

118
146

8 9 .5 0

42

1 2 0 .5 0

152

436

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

534

4 0 .0

1 3 9 .5 0

396

3 9 .5

1 ,0 1 1

3 8 .5

1 2 6 .5 0

80

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

75

3 9 .0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 2 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

See footn ote at end o f ta b le s .




-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

1 2 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

85

1 0 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------FINANCE -------------------------------

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------------

4 0 .0

772

571

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

of

(standard)

1 2 4 .0 0

67

1 2 4 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
1 ,0 0 8

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------- — --------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE -------------------------------

W e e k ly

CONTINUED

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

Average
Number

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

1 0 3 .5 0

101

N um be r
of

Earnings information fo r computer operators, computer p rogra m ers, and computer systems
analysts is presented in table A -2 . Separate earnings information fo r men and women, usually presented
in table A -2 , is not available for these occupations in this area.

310

4 0 .5

1 0 2 .0 0

266

4 0 .5

1 0 1 .0 0

47

4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0

82

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

18
T a b le

A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n

and w o m e n

c o m b i n e d ----- C o n t i n u e d

( A verage straight-time w e e k l y hou r s a n d earnings for selected occupations studied o n a n area basis by industry division, Minneapolis— St. Paul, M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1972)
A v e r ag e

A v e r a ge
N um b e r

Occupation and industry di vis ion

of

W e e k ly
earnings 1

(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W e e k ly

(standard)

39 .5
40.0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40.0
40.0
3 8 .5

$
1 0 1. 5 0
107 .50
98 .5 0
11 3.0 0
10 2.0 0
9 1 .5 0
91 .5 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------------------

785
246
539
67
141
185
76

63

3 9 .5

16 6.0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

91
71

3 9 .5
3 9. 5

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------------------

312
77
235
156

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9. 0
3 8 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
103 .50
10 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

See footnote at e n d of tables.




N um be r
of

-

Weekly

Weekly

hours 1
[standard)

Occupation and industry division

earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

T YP IS T S , CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------T YP IS T S , CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

A ve r a ge

Occupation and industry divi si on

Nu mbe r
of
woikers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
1 ,2 6 2
621

3 9 .5

1 0 4 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

641

3 9 .0

1 0 1 .0 0

76

4 0 .0

1 3 2 .5 0

79

4 0 .0

83

3 9 .5

1 0 1 .5 0

3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0

671

3 9 .5

541

4 0 .0

2 0 9 .0 0

130

3 9 .0

2 1 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

768

4 0 .0

1 7 2 .5 0

586

4 0 .0

1 7 0 .5 0

182

3 9 .5

1 7 9 .5 0

39

4 0 .0

1 8 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

426

3 9 .5

1 4 2 .5 0

2 1 0 .0 0

9 9 .5 0

377

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 ,6 4 0

3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0

471

3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0

1 ,1 6 9

3 9 .0

8 5 .5 0

137

4 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

146

4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0

99

3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0

679

3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0

254

3 9 .5

1 3 9 .0 0

172

3 9 .0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------------------------------

68

3 9 .0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

129

3 9 .5

1 7 4 .0 0

94

4 0 .0

1 7 8 .0 0

19
T a b le A -3 a .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, an d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied in e sta b lish m en ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y in du stry d ivisio n , M in n ea p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan u ary 1972)

N um b e r
of
workers

Number
W e e k ly

W e e k ly
hours 1
(standard]

991

3 9 .5

$
1 3 5 .0 0

360

3 9 .0

1 3 1 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

Occupation and industry division

W e e k ly
hours 1
(standard)

(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

Average

A v e r a ge

A v e r a ge

Occupation and industry division

631

6 0 .0

338

6 0 .0

1 5 0 .5 0

96

6 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0

56

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0

85

3 9 .0

of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

767
199
568
235
163
113

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S I MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

387
162
265
62
166

3 9 .5

$
1 1 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 ,3 7 9

3 9 .5

1 0 9 .0 0

360

3 9 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

1 ,0 1 9

3 9 .5

1 1 1 .5 0

370

6 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0

305

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 5 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

100

3 9 .5

1 1 9 .0 0

59

3 9 .5

1 2 3 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

329

3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0

6 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0

6 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0

6 0 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

-

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

1, 0 3 6
685
351
76
123

3 9 .5
39 .5
3 9 .5
60.0
39.5

$
1 2 0. 00
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
117.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

106
67

3 9 .0
39.0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

128
98
31

3 9. 5
3 9. 5
60.0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

9 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0

3 9 .0

8 5 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

192

Occupation and industry division

125

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

206

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

9 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

8 1 .0 0

3,683

3 9 .5

1 3 5 .5 0

2,666

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 7 .5 0

6 0 .0

1 5 8 .5 0

6 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

106

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

227

3 8 .5

8 1 .5 0

61

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

8 1 .5 0

123

3 8 .5

8 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

120

3 9 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

83

3 9 .5

1 0 1 .0 0

63

3 9 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

190

3 9 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

6 0 .0

1 7 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE -----------------

8 2 .5 0

166

8 8 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

229

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

67

3 9 .5

1 2 7 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0

162

3 9 .5

1 2 8 .5 0

65

6 0 .0

1 6 8 .0 0

196

6 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0

151

3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0

101

3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0

606

3 9 .5

1 1 6 .0 0

313

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 6 .0 0

62

6 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

71

3 9 .5

1 1 3 .0 0

106

3 8 .5

1 0 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ■
RETAIL TRADE -------

90

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .5 0

100

6 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
FINANCE -----------------

3 9. 5

1 1 2. 50

63

3 9. 5

1 3 8. 00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

165
66
99
82

3 8. 5
38.5
3 8. 5
3 8 .0

1 0 6. 00
1 0 1. 00
106 .50
1 0 5. 00

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
RETAIL TRADE -----FINANCE ----------------

869
693
356
66
83
171

39 .5
39.5
39 .5
60.0
3 9. 5
3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
109 .00
106 .5 0
1 3 8. 50
101 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
RETAIL TRADE -----FINANCE ----------------

766
307
637
111
96
165

39.5
3 9. 0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9. 0
3 9. 0

9 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
96.00
1 1 7 .0 0
88 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

601
381

6 0 .0 2 0 8 .5 0
6 0 .0 2 0 8 . 5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

360
317

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0

60

6 0 .0

1 7 6 .5 0

781

3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0

669

3 9 .5

312

3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0

92

3 9 .5

1 *1 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0

90

3 9 .0

1 6 6 .0 0

1 ,6 7 1

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .0 0

1 ,1 6 6

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .5 0

305

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0

78

6 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

109

3 9 .0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 ,1 7 6

3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0

719

3 9 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

655

3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0

53

6 0 .0

1 6 2 .5 0

122

3 9 .5

716

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0

291

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
FINANCE -----------------

72

1 3 6 .5 0

3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSTABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------

1 3 5 .0 0

1,2 3 9
282
173
315
390

9 1 .0 0

30

SECRETARIES ----------------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
WHOLESALE TRADE •
RETAIL TRADE -----FINANCE ---------------

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

239

3 9 .5

675

3 9 .5

273

6 0 .0

1 6 1 .5 0

71

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0

MANUFACTURING
1SES» INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




Earnings information fo r computer operators, computer p rog ra m ers, and computer systems
analysts is presented in table A -2a. Separate earnings information fo r men and women, usually presented
in table A -2 a , is not available fo r these occupations in this area.

36

6 0 .0

18 6 .5 0

178
162

60.0
3 9. 5

161 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

116
83

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 7 6 .0 0
17 8 .5 0

20
T a b le

A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e

and

p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e h ourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea ba sis by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. P a u l, M inn., January 1972)
N u m ber of w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Under
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$
$
~l------ 1 -----3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3 .3 0 3 . 4 0

$------ 1------ 1------ t
3 .5 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0

i
s —
4 .20 4.40

1------ T

t

»
5.20

*
5.40

%

%

5.00

5.60

5 .80

5 .00 5 . 2 0

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00 6.20 6. 40

4

7
4
3

4
4
-

t

4 . 6 0 4 .8 0

t

6.00 6. 20

*
6.40

t
6.60

6.60

over

and
*
3 .0 0 under
3.10

and
3 .3 0

3.40

3 .5 0

3.60

-

3.20

-

-

-

3.80

4.00

4.20 4 .40

4.60

4.80

HEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

198
107
91
35

$
5 .1 3
4 .9 4
5 .3 7
4 .2 7

$
4 .8 3
4 .8 3
4 .8 8
4 .1 0

$
4 .3 4 4 .5 2 4 .2 4 4 .0 5 -

$
5 .6 6
5 .0 9
7 .1 3
4 .3 4

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

382
285

5 .6 9
5 .5 0

5 .7 1
5 .1 9

5 .0 5 5 .0 0 -

6 .2 3
5 .8 0

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

564
249
315
64
69
70

5 .0 1
5 .1 0
4 .9 4
4 .6 4
5 .0 3
4 .9 2

5 .0 5
5 .0 9
5 .0 4
4 .3 8
5 .0 9
5 .3 2

4 .7 7 4 .8 5 4 .6 6 4 .1 7 4 .7 5 3 .8 8 -

5 .3 4
5 .3 0
5 .3 5
4 .8 8
5 .3 6
5 .5 4

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

203

4 .8 0
5 .0 5
4 .4 9

4 .8 1
4 .9 6
4 .5 7

4 .4 5 4 .6 4 4 .1 9 -

5 .1 7
5 .6 4
5 .0 6

-

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

210
144

4 .2 3
3 .8 0

3 .9 4
3 .8 6

3 .8 3 3 .8 1 -

5 .4 0
4 .0 6

21
21

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

150
150

4 .5 6
4 .5 6

4 .5 4
4 .5 4

4 .3 7 4 .3 7 -

4 .6 5
4 .6 5

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

623
614

5 .2 9
5 .2 8

5 .3 0
5 .2 8

5 .1 0 5 .1 0 -

5 .3 9
5 .3 9

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

112
91

1 ,0 7 9
193

-

-

-

-

_

-

*

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

*

-

32
13
19
18

8
20

1
1

5
4

2
1
20

4

23

-

“

-

-

-

*

“

“
-

_

8

_

_

8
8

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

_

4

28
28

“

4
4
15
15

4 .6 8
4 .6 1
5 .0 1
5 .1 2

4 .6 6
4 .6 3
5 .1 3
5 .3 3

4 .2 2 4 .1 8 4 .4 8 4 .8 6 -

5 .1 7
4 .9 9
5 .3 8
5 .4 5

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

255
253

4 .9 7
4 .9 8

4 .8 7
4 .8 7

4 .7 5 4 .7 5 -

5 .0 8
5 .0 8

_

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

146
71
75

5 .6 0
4 .8 4
6 .3 1

5 .2 4
4 .8 1
7 .1 1

4 .6 0 4 .4 8 5 .3 4 -

7 .1 3
4 .8 9
7 .1 8

-

-

-

-

P IP E F IT T E R S, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

106
93

5 .7 1
5 .6 9

5 .7 4
5 .7 3

5 .1 8 5 .1 8 -

137
75
62
18
9

5

1

8
6
2
2

27

-

1
1
1
1

-

19
19

10
10

-

36
5
31

_

_

_

53

5 .2 2
5 .2 2

4 .7 9
4 .7 9

4 .2 9 4 .2 9 -

5 .0 8
5 .0 8

-

-

-

“

“

-

“

5 .2 1
5 .2 1

5 .4 0
5 .4 0

5 .0 1 5 .0 1 -

5 .4 6
5 .4 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
0

1

“

*

46
46

56
56

25
25

4
4

-

15
15

5
5

25
25

32
32

73
73

136
136

6
6

3
3
-

41
39

-

-

*

18

8
1
0

"

2

120
119

1

136
114

22
8

17
17

3
3

2
2

7
4
3

1
0

8
6
2

4

6

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

53

1
2
8

20
14

6

-

2
2

-

1

-

-

-

-

62
-

-

1
2

17
17

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

_
-

5
5

_
-

32
4
*2 8
48
34
—
-

19
19

-

-

2
1
2
1

8

-

-

26
18

_

5

-

8

13

18

5
5

-

*

1
2

6

31
31

1
0

_

-

8

1
1

1

5 .7 9
5 .7 7




20

73
4
69
5

41
-

8

109
79
30
16

30

"

*

1

804
665
139
53

See footnotes at end of tables.

~

39
4
35
-

2

16
5

*

_

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

*
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
* * W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:

37
35

6

“

“

-

812

948
948

44
44

“

15

-

5 .7 3
5 .3 8
5 .7 4
5 .7 5

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------- *

-

3
3

“

82
75

-

4 .8 6 4 .4 8 4 .9 4 5 .2 5 -

68
68

1

26
19

26
18

7
7

_

5 .6 1
5 .0 6
5 .6 4
5 .6 6

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

-

77
77

36
18
18
15

-

-

13

-

2
2
1
2
1
1
0

1

2
2

25
25

23

4
3

-

17

“

23

5
5

3
3

10

24
18

-

3
3

-

29
23

12
1
1

-

3
3

5 .2 5
5 .0 5
5 .3 0
5 .3 3

886

14

13

1
1
2

7
-

1
1

2
1
-

-

28

16
15

1

-

“

*

-

1
1

157
42
115
108

14
14
”

56
3
53
38

75
44
31

38
19
19
“

150
145
5
3

60
45
15
9

51
51

86

8
7

1
1
9

2
2

23

64
36
28

16
15

22

476
30
446
446

56
42
14
5

107
75
32
7

46
30
16
16

3

31
31

22
22

3
3

24
24

-

20
1
1

-

3
3
-

2

2
1
2

-

-

9

_

-

2
2

6
6

18
18

-

8
8

3
3

18
18

_

“

-

2 121
2 121

125
125

405
405

2
2
2
2

5
5

1
1

2
1
2
1

1
1

204
204

17 at $ 7 to $ 7.20; 7 at $ 7.20 to $ 7.40; 1 at $ 7.40 to $ 7.60; 2 at $ 7.60 to $ 7.80; and 1 at $ 7.80 to $ 8.
4 at $6.80 to $ 7; 27 at $ 7 to $7.20; 10 at $7.40 to $7.60; 2 at $7.60 to $7.80; and 1 at $7.80 to $8.

12
10

81
4
77
70

“

-

“

9
9
“

85

200
200

-

_

_

19
13

81
81
81

2

-

-

3
3

2
2

57
57

2
2
-

90
90

-

_

_

“

_

_
*

_

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

2

-

-

-

-

6

-

2

-

-

*

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

16

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

6

2
2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

10
-

62
62

47
3
** 4 4
7

6

9
9
_

21
T a b le A -4 a .

M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan u ary 1972)

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings*

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------

161
85
76

ELE C TR IC IAN S, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------

$
5 .1 1
4 .8 9

$
4 .8 2

35

5 .3 6
4 .2 7

4 .8 2
4 .7 8
4 .1 0

346

5 .7 4

5 .7 3

254

5 .5 2

5 .2 0

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------

252
96
156

5 .0 8

5 .2 1
5 .3 4
5 .1 5

48

5 .2 1
5 .0 1
4 .5 6

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING -----------------

120

4 .8 9

76

M ACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING -----------------

501
492

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------

Middle range *

»
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

*
4 .0 0

$
4 .1 0

*
4 .2 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

1
1
-

-

-

1
1

18
18
18

9
8
i
“

16
15
1
1

13
11
2
“

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

3
2

20
2
18
18

1
1
“

33
18
15
15
-

$
4 .3 5 4 .5 6 -

$
5 .4 8
5 .0 4

4 .1 3 4 .0 5 -

7 .1 3
4 .3 4

5 .0 9 5 .0 4 -

6 .2 3
5 .8 0

-

4» 58-

5 .5 1

-

4 .8 1 -

5 .7 0

“
*

*

-

-

-

“
-

_

1
1

*

1
“

-

-

-

3

5 .4 7
4 .9 3

-

-

4 .3 2

4 .5 3 4 .1 5 -

-

”

“

*

"

4 .5 4 4 .7 7 -

5 .1 8
5 .3 0

1
-

-

4
-

1

5 .0 9

4 .9 2
4 .9 7

5 .2 8
5 .2 7

5 .3 0
5 .3 0

5 .1 1 5 .1 1 -

5 .3 8
5 .3 7

-

-

-

-

245
54

5 .2 3
5 .0 0

4 .8 6 -

5 .6 9

4 .5 0 4 .8 8 -

5 .4 3
5 .8 1

191

5 .2 9

5 .2 5
5 .0 2
5 .4 2

156

5 .4 3

5 .4 7

5 .1 3 -

434
316

4 .9 9
4 .9 5

5 .1 1
4 .9 9

4 .7 0 4 .7 0 -

5 .3 7
5 .3 5

118
45

5 .0 8
5 .2 8

5 .3 1
5 .3 9

4 .6 8 4 .9 9 -

5 .4 0
5 .4 7

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

226

5 .0 6

4 .8 1 -

225

5 .0 6

4 .8 9
4 .8 9

P A IN TE R S , MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

131
69
62

5 .4 9
4 .8 6

6.20

4 .8 2
7 .1 1

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------

104

5 .7 3
5 .6 9

5 .7 4

5 .1 9 -

5 .7 9

5 .7 3

5 .1 8 -

5 .7 7

$
4 .4 0

*
$
4 .6 0 4 .8 0

S
5 .0 0

S
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

t

5 .6 0

$
$
5 .8 0 6 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

*
6 .6 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

5
5
5

14
3
11
9

29
23
6
-

10
10

7
4
3
1

4
4
-

1
1
1

-

-

-

4
2
2
-

-

-

1
1
-

28
4
*2 4
-

24
18

25
25

76
76

23
19

3
3

44
44

37
35

2
2

62

2
-

38
24

8
8

7
4
3
~

23
12
11

31
4
27
5

42
15
27

47
12
35
“

12
6
6
5

8
6
2
2

17
17

-

-

21
12

14
6

21
21

20
5

11
11

-

10
10

-

-

3
3

-

*

17
17

19
19

73
73

121
121

187
187

16
15

8
6

8
2

50
50

8
8

30
14
16
2

8
6
2
2

4
4

17
17

48
4
44
43

54

-

44
3
41
38

17

-

22
15
7

-

-

3
3

3
3

1

1
*

4

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

*

_

_

_

“

_

_

*

—

_

-

10

5 .8 3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------

*
4 .3 0

10

and
unde r

1

Median^

t
3 .7 0

*
Ul
o

Mean 2

t
3 .6 0

50 3 .6 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*
40 3 .5 0

Number
of

**

W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:

See footnotes at end of tables.




93

4 .8 9

6
6

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

4
2
2

5 .3 1

_

-

_

-

4 .8 1 -

5 .3 1

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

4 .5 8 4 .5 1 -

7 .1 2
5 .0 5

1
1

-

5 .3 2 -

7 .1 9

7
4
3

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

23
10
13

60
55
5
3

57
42
15
9

50
42
8
5

97
65
32
7

46
30
16
16

-

2
2

7
7

38
38

86
85

31
31

22
22

3
3

8
6
2

-

10
9
i

9
9
“

23
21
2

-

-

20
11
9

_

*

_

2
2

6
6

18
18

-

_

31
30
1

27
18
9

_

-

_

-

*

-

8
2
6

-

-

4

-

-

-

4

-

2
2

at $ 7.40 to $ 7 60; 2 at $ 7.60 to $ 7.80, and 1 at $ 7 80 to $ 8.
19 at $ 7 to $ 7.20; 10 at $ 7.40 to $ 7.60; 2 at $ 7.60 to $ 7.80; and 1 at $ 7.80 to $ 8.

-

-

-

*

54
54

-

3

2

-

-

3
3

2
2

22
16
6
-

24
24

-

-

-

-

“

-

5
5

-

-

-

“
-

”
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

”

-

2
2

-

-

-

8
8

-

*

“

3
3

57
57

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

6
35
3
6 ** 3 2

_

_

1

10

2
2

7
6

22
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p olis—St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1972)
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of-

Hourly earnings3
$
$
*
$
1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivisi
Median2

Middle range 2

$
2 .0 0

*
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

1

5

I

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0 3 .0 0

I

I

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

I

(

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

$

*

3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

»

*

4 .6 0

$

$

5 .0 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

and
under
1.8 G

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

165
165

621
621

357
5
352

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

67
49
18

94
62
32

72
47
25

46
35
11

27
21
6

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

-

-

-

ME N
2 ,0 7 2

2 .4 8

1 .9 7

$
1. 86-

483
1 ,5 89

3 .6 5

2.12

3 .5 8
1 .9 0

3 .461 .8 4 -

$

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

$

$
3 .4 3
3 .9 7
2 .0 3

442

3 .7 2

3 .5 9

3 .4 8 -

3 .9 9

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AN D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

4 ,4 8 7
1 ,6 01

3 .1 1

2 .6 9 3 .1 12 .5 4

3 .8 0
3 .6 9

3 .4 83 .1 4

3 .0 3

2 . 66-

16
10
6
3

1

3 .3 5
2 .7 8

3 .4 4
3 .6 3
3 .2 6
4 .0 9
3 .9 2
3 .3 2

_
-

335

3 .0 7
3 .3 6
2 .9 0
3 .8 1
3 .5 6
3 .0 1

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------R E T A I L TR A D E ------------

5 ,1 7 0

4 .0 9

4 .0 4

3 .6 5 -

1

5

2 ,2 3 8
2 ,9 3 2

3 .6 7
4 .4 0

3 .6 8
4 .6 3

3 .5 0 4 .1 1 -

605
1 ,5 8 3
704

4 .5 9
4 .5 5
3 .8 9

4 .6 3
4 .8 1
4 .3 2

4 .0 6 4 .4 1 2 .91-

4 .7 1
3 .8 5
4 .8 8
5 .4 2
4 .8 9
4 .6 5

ORDER
F I L L E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE —

3 ,7 2 6
475
3 ,2 51
2 ,0 8 6

4 .3 5
3 .6 9
4 .4 4

4 .6 2

4 .0 8 -

3 .6 5
4 .6 6

3 .3 5 4 .4 9 -

702

3 .9 3

4 .6 5
4 .2 8

4 .533 .2 9 -

4 .7 6
3 .9 7
4 .7 8
4 .7 8
4 .7 2

PACKERS, SHIPPING —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING
W H O L E S A L E TR A D E

1 ,1 2 4

3 .8 2
3 .5 3
4 .2 3

3 .6 5
3 .5 5

3
3
4
4

4 .5 3
3 .6 7
4 .6 0
4 .5 9

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRADE
R E T A I L TR A D E —

531
224

4 .1 7
4 .0 0

4 .1 8

3.6 6-

3 .9 4

3 .6 4

307
84

4 .2 9
4 .4 6

4 .6 9
4 .7 2

3.7 84 .1 3

197

4 .2 5

4 .7 9

3 .7 4

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING
W HOLESALE TRADE
R E T A I L TR A D E —

450

4 .2 2

S H I P P I N G AN D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------R E T A I L TR A DE ----------------------T R U C K D R I V E RS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE
R E T A I L TR A D E ----

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




2,886
262
118

654
470
438

4 .5 8

4 .2 2

4 .5 5
4 .5 5

.3 1 .2 3 . 51.5 0 -

4 .2 9

3 .6 6

253

3 .8 5

3 .8 1

197

4 .7 9
4 .7 9

3 .5 2
4 .6 4

103

4 .7 1
4 .8 6

89

4 .5 9

4 .8 3

493
287

4 .1 2

4 .2 5

3 .9 3
4 .3 8

3 .8 5

206

4 .7 2
4 .4 3
3 .7 1 3 .6 6 3 .9 9 -

4 .7 7
4 .4 3
4 .8 7
4 .8 0
4 .8 8
4 .8 1
3 .9 8

1

183
5
178

5
~
5

4

4

24
6
18

10
10
~

21
9

12

16
2
14

58
4
54

247
217
30

-

-

7

9

2

4

197

49

62

47

35

19

2

-

-

-

-

102

385
5
380
-

694
56
638

506
356
150
56
4
21

357
264
93
54
13
20

186
94
92
37
34
21

47
8
39
36
2
1

104
35
69
44
15
10

-

_
-

-

-

-

22
2
20
14
6
-

2
2

34

662
181
481
8
3
18

4
4

11
29

693
389
304
~
20
107

8
8

1
8

282
177
105
13
35

-

-

*

27
27

56
10
46

43
7
36

172
160
12

94
85

209
135
74
5
60

373
345
28
5
13
10

864
774
90
17
54
19

582
383
199
73
116
10

371
167
204
136
67
1

348
69
279
5
58
176

319
21
298
253
45

48 8
37
451
184
128
139

762
2
760
660
100

156
156
156
-

43
43
-

180
180
180
-

-

-

87

196
128
68
19
49

64
53
11
11

191
41
150
122
28

140
41
99
25
73

645 1308
27
1
618 1307
500
870
149
115

476
476
290
49

173
173
173

_
-

-

-

-

-

166
158
8
8

28
28

_
~

72
72

250

104

-

-

12

-

250
250

104
78

12
12

_
-

_
-

_
*

73
36
37
4
32

22
6
16

26
17
9

-

1
“

95
2
93
2
91

24

-

90
42
48
39
9

_
-

5
5

20
13
7

58

57
15
42
20

-

9
26
26

8

102

9

9

1

5

18

3
2

6

26

12
6

27

27

3
43

36

12

-

~

-

-

31
31

-

32
32

11
11

43
43

44

44

13
8
5

33
6
27

10

11

32

44

5

27

239
121
118
85
32

2

-

4

-

9

-

30
6
24
24

165
124
41
39

82
70
12
12

170
170

2

33
23
10

-

9

5

10

-

-

9

5

10

-

41
39
2
1

5

10

*

37
21
16
6
10

36
32
4

9

63
29
34
13
14

4

1

-

-

2

11

41

2

10

31

46
45

10

1

36
34
2

79
78

1

10

1

11
10
1

10
10
-

42
20
22

13

54
34
20

6

6

1

-

22

1
1
~
“

86
78

2

1

-

20

15
12

69
10
59

206
140
66

39
26
13

20

10

197
132
65
64
i
“

94

~
20

42
32
10

18

31
6

-

~

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

6
6

-

_

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

4.36

-

-

-

~

3
1

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

120

4 .5 6

4 .6 3
4 .6 5

4 .3 4 -

9

9

4.93

61

4 .0 3

4 .3 9

3 .1 6 -

4 .7 1

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

6 ,1 9 4

5 .0 4

5 .2 3

4 .7 8 -

5.4 5

4 .8 3

5 .2 2

4 .0 8 4 .8 0 5 .4 C -

-

-

-

-

1 ,0 5 6

4 .7 9

4 .7 8

723

4 .7 8

4 .7 7

4 .7 3 4 .7 3 -

5.42
5.45
5.47
5.01
5.01

-

3 ,1 18

5 .2 4
5 .4 3

-

12
12

5 .1 0
5 .2 9

-

-

1 ,2 47

-

-

4 ,9 4 7

-

9

12
1

1
“
10
10

-

49

38
2
36

3
3

-

*

189
10
179
~
~
11

~
1

-

“

-

27
27

-

-

81
~
81

6
6

~

8
2
6

-

4 .9 8
5 .0 0

4 .8 8

9

146
146
-

4 .9 8

4 .6 6

47
38

*

1

-

6

-

8

42
”

6

23
11
12
12

22
43
1

79
61
18
13
5

55

-

-

-

-

31
9
22
2
20

-

64

-

9

2

55
55

“

56
26
30

100
37
63
48
15

47
13
34
14
9

61 1026
16
49
12 1010

296
39
257

7
1
6

6

2
to

4

44

516
490

161
19

-

24
18
6

-

-

22

*

-

20

-

-

20
20

902
39
863
605
207
51

-

567 2677
369
332
198 2345
6 2345
60
132
*

23
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n t i n u e d

St. P au l, M inn., January 1972)
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s stu died on an a re a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n ea p o lis—
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings^

1-------- I ----- 1-------1------- %
------- %
-------$
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*
I
—*
2.40 2.60 2.80

t
*
i
»
*
*
*
*
i
l
I
i
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4. 00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20

5
5.40

and
under
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60
MEN - CO NT IN UE D
TR UC KD RI VE RS - CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT IUN0ER
1-1/2 T0NSI --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------WH OL ES AL E TRADE -------RETAIL TRADE ------------

$
4.52
4.59
4.46
4.01
4.56

$
4.76
5.32
4.74
4.05
4.76

$

$

368
181
187
62
90

3.863.834.183.724.72-

5.28
5.44
4.85!
4.28
4.80

T R U C K D R I V E R S , MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ----------------

2,606
. 287
2,319
1,503
399

5.00
4.39
5.07
5.24
4.95

5.10
4.10
5.18
5.43
4.98

4.774.014.805.094.92-

5.44
5.08
5.45
5.4 7
5.13

-

TRUCK0RIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WH OLESALE TRADE ----------------

1,248
256
992
613
196

5.01
4.58
5.13
5.22
4.78

5.16
4.20
5.18
5.19
4.77

4.843.985.115.134.63-

5.41
5.52
5.41
5.44
5.14

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRA0E --------------------

1,710
1,009
701
47
409
239

4.31
4.06
4.67
4.46
4.73
4.62

4.38
4.74
4.18
4. 76
4.74

3.733.624.634.124.664.62-

4.78
4.51
4.92
5.13
4.95
4.79!

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

243
205

4.18
4.14

4.23
4.23

3.93- 4.29
3.88- 4.28

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

1,050
127
923
51
76
350

2.56
3.11
2.49
3.06
2.32
2.55

2.55
3.09
2.54
2.78
2.49
2.56

2.503.022.472.722 . 082.53-

PACKERS, SHIPPING —
MANUFA CT UR IN G N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

1,233
1,019
214

2.95
2.98
2.82

2.79
2.78
3.06

2.74- 3.09
2.74- 3.08
2.57- 3.22

3 .8 0

-

-

1
2
1
2

-

2
2
1
2
1
0

-

1
2
1
2
”
3
3

31
5
26

3

1
0

35
5
30
30
*

9

_

3

-




1
1
3

8

7

1

-

2
0

2
0
20
-

1
0
1
0
-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
0
1
0

_

-

-

-

106
93
13
13

126
123
3
-

3

2
2

2
2

92

88
4
4
“

80
80
-

102

3

-

8
8
24
64
64
“

3

2
0
-

-

299
283
16

102

8
8
29
29

WOMEN

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .

18
18
-

2.59
3.18
2.58
3.71
2.55
2.59

3

105
105

43

2

43

3

3

2
1

1
1

5
3

2

-

*
2

21

8

5

-

2

21

8

5

-

658
3
655
5
39
297

1

2
1

1

2
1

-

-

15
14

81
79

65
23

71

-

-

-

-

6

1

35
624
613

1
1

2

2

23
5
18

-

8
6
2

60
60

1
0
6
6

24

1
0

14
14

18

266
189
77

16

101
110 101
6

116

87
15

1

14
42
32

48
54
18
36
128
89
39
28

1
1
8

18
5
13
13
“

23
13

52
26
26
26
“

15
13

2
2

_

60
60

54

60

10
1
0

54

19

438
43 8
4
54

185

159

1
1
9

2

20

165

6

2

-

460
30
430
316
114

12
1
2
*

80
80
•-

66
6

1126
45
60 1081
1081
60
“

24
24
•
-

-

85
13
72
72

38
38
-

417
417
281
85

138
138

349
79
270
270

102
63
39
2
31

113
91
22
22
“

352
14
338
—
204
134

126
13
113
78
35

118
15
103
16
73
14

128
128

-

117
117

15
15

24
4

4
4

50

1
2

6

-

*
_

24
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b li s h m e n t s

St. P au l, M inn., January 1972)
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents em ploying 500 w o rk e rs or m ore by industry division, M inneapolis—

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

»

*

$

$

*

*

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

—

—

—

—

—

1 .90

2 .00

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .30

2 .4 0

-

350

112

128

-

~

“

~

-

~

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .20

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .00

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

2 .60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .20

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

233
207

64
49

91
62

72
47

45
35

24
19

2
2

-

-

-

”

“

"

“

49

62

47

35

19

2

-

-

-

-

127
60
67

219
187
32
32

142
88
54
37
1

38
8
30
27
1

73
29
44
44

2
2
-

4
4
-

16
2
14
14

2
2
-

-

-

-

_

_

295
269
26
7
19

66
5
61
1
50
10

262
S3
179
126
52
1

70
19
51
5

126
9
117
-

6

84
55
29
29

42
31
11
11

60
32
28
28

3
3
-

9
9

-

-

21
17
4
4

7
6
1
-

—

1 .8 0

S ex,

1 .7 0

*

and
under

1 ,2 5 3
447

$
2 .8 1
3 .7 2

$
2 .9 9
3 .5 9

$
1 .8 9 3 .4 8 -

$
3 .5 9
3 .9 9

GUARDS
M A NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

427

3 .7 3

3 .61

3 .4 8 -

3 .9 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

9

2

4

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A NE RS ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------R E T A I L T RADE ----------------------------------------

1,755
903
852
213
189

3 .3 4
3 .4 2
3 .2 5
3 .8 5
2 .9 1

3 .25
3 .2 6
3 .25
3 .84
3 .0 4

3 .1 1
3 .1 4
3 .0 4
3 .4 9
2 .7 3

-

3 .7 0
3 .7 4
3.45
4 .2 2
3 .0 9

-

3

_

7

7

31

9

51

-

3

-

7

7

31

9

51

54
11
43

468
357
111

*

3

-

7

7

11

5

6

13

43
15
28
13
5

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G --------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A CT U RI N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1,8 7 3
796
1,0 7 7
299
447
291

4 .03
3 .7 0
4 .2 8
4 .37
4 .5 8
3 .7 1

4 .0 7
3 .6 3
4 .5 7
4 .6 1
4 .6 0
3 .76

3 .5 8 3 .4 3 4 .0 3 4 .0 7 4 .1 9 2 .5 7 -

4 .65
3 .78
4 .8 3
4 .6 5
4 .9 0
4 .8 5

ORDER
F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G ----------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------

1 ,1 5 7
371
786
596

3 .9 5
3 .6 9
4 .08
3 .8 9

4 .0 9
3 .6 0
4 .54
4 .2 6

3
3
3
3

-

4 .5 9
4 .0 3
4 .7 4
4 .7 2

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G -----------------------------------

351
279
72

3 .7 3
3 .5 2
4 .5 0

3 .3 7
3 .30
4 .7 1

3 .1 6 3 .1 5 4 .5 4 -

4 .27
4 .2 0
4 .7 8

169
140

4 .1 3
4 .0 0
4 .2 0
4 .1 3

4 .1 8
3 .8 9
4 .2 9
4 .1 0

3 .6 0 3 .5 2 3 .8 5 3 .5 7 -

4 .80
4 .6 3
4 .8 5
4 .8 5

4 .68
4 .8 7

3 .7 2 4 .8 2 -

4 .8 8
5.03

24
2

5
1

3
3
-

2
2
-

3

-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

WHOLESALE
RETAIL

TRADE

TRA0E

-----------------

R E C E I V I N G C LE RK S -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G ----------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------

.3
.2
.4
.0

2
9
5
7

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G -----------------------------------

100
55

4 .3 4
4 .8 1

TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------------------------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TR AD E -------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------

1,217
272
945
691
73
181

4 .96
4 .9 9
4 .9 5
5 .0 3
4 .4 6
4 .8 3

5 .0 7
5 .41
5 .0 6
5 .0 9
4 .0 9
4 .7 8

4 .8 3 4 .3 6 4 .8 8 5 .0 3 4 .0 4 4 .7 4 -

5 .1 6
5 .4 6
5 .1 3
5 .1 5
5 .13
5.01

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T ( U N D ER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S I ----------------------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G -----------------------------------

188
91

4*99
4 .7 0

4 .90
4 .7 6

4 .7 5 4 .7 3 -

5 .4 4

5 .1 4 -

18
9

13
2

52
4

459
138
321

-

103

6

6

6

7

27

23

-

-

2

6

6

6

7

27

23

23
7
16

18
6
12

39
30

1
1

2

6

6

6

7

27

23

16

12

9

_

_

-

31

-

10

n

32

44

-

-

31
31

-

10
10

ii
u

32
32

44

33
6
27
27

154

-

13
8
5
5

-

-

2

_

1

4

-

-

1

1

120
118
2

60

~

4
4
-

1

2
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

2

44

3

144
135

191
171

20

9

121
33
32

27
23

5 .4 4
4 .8 1

5 .1 7

7
7

5 .5 0

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M ED I UM 1 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) ---------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEA VY ( O V E R 4 TONS
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------------------------------N ON M AN U FA C TU R I NG -----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




488
440

4 .94
5 .02

5 .12
5 .1 3

4 .9 0 5 .0 7 -

5 .1 6
5 .1 7

214
2
212
-

10 8
-

112
5

216
37
179
160
19

112
100

108

82
41
41
40

223
27
196
97

174
1
173
149

99
99
34

-

-

28
28

26

-

72
72

39
6
33
32

13
3
10

9
9

*

-

5

1
1

_

-

3
3

_
-

80
32
48
4
43
l

61
35
26
26
-

11
8

2

_

60
36

25
23
2
2
“

'
6

23
23
-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

108

_

-

-

-

-

“

12
-

-

-

-

26

12

-

-

-

41
32
9
9

53
2
51
51

14

~

~

2
2

32
30

17
17

117
3
114
4
110

72
7
65
44
2
19

698
17
681
605
25
51

60
60

-

5

4

“

21
21

11
2

-

-

8

38
38

357
357

_

24
-

-

-

-

14
6

_

-

_

-

“

6
6
6
-

153
153
-

_

80

-

45

6
6

-

-

25
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -----C o n t i n u e d

(A verage s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied in esta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u stry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1972)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings3

1-------- i ----- 1-------$------- 1-------I -------$-----

1

»

1 .7 0

Number
of
M ean2

MEN -

M edian2

Middle range 2

2 .4 0

2 .6 0 2 .8 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0

S e x , occupation, and industry division

1 .8 0 1 .9 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0 ,2 .6 0

-

-

-

-

*

*

$

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

t
3 .4 0

*
3 .6 0

1

$

3 .8 0

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

*

t

*
4 .6 0

i
4 .8 0

*

i

r

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5 .4 0

and
under
2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

-

-

-

3
3

81
78
3

112

3

8

A . 80 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

99
84
15

128
89
39
28

75
57
18

104
91
13
-

48
14
34
34

48
13
35
35

117
117

15
15

4
4

4
4

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

CONTINUED

TRUCKERS, POWER I FORKLIFT I -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RE TAIL TRADE -------------------------------

804
558
246
47
118

$
4 .2 4
4 .0 8
4 .6 1
4 .4 8
4 .5 8

$
4 .0 9
4 .0 0
4 .6 8
4 .1 8
4 .7 0

$
$
3 . 7 8 - 4 .5 9
3 .6 8 - 4 .3 9
4 . 1 4 - 5 .0 9
4 . 1 2 - 5 .1 3
4 . 3 5 - 4 .9 6

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FO R K LIFT) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

217
199

4 .1 4
4 .1 5

4 .2 3
4 .2 4

3 . 8 9 - 4 .2 8
3 .8 8 - 4 .2 8

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

489

2 .7 4
3 .1 3
2 .6 1

2 .5 9
3 .0 9
2 .5 7

2 .5 4 3 .0 3 2 .5 3 -

3 .0 3
3 .1 9
2 .6 0

-

368

PACKERS, SH IPPIN G -------------------------------

293

3 .2 0

3 .5 5

3 .0 1 -

3 .6 3

2

-

-

-

-

2
2

128
16

2
2

29
29

WOMEN

See footnotes at end of tables.




121

2
1

1

8

-

2

62
3
59

1
2
1
1
1

79
79
-

23
5
18

1
0
1
0

4

272
3
269

24

1

“

-

14

5

-

-

1

2
1

1
1

2

26

-

95

10
1

-

4

2
-

1
0

1

14

36
26

8

2
1
0

8
8
15
73
16
14

_

2
2

_

-

-

_

_

26

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e

Table B-1.

provisions

Minimum entrance salaries for women officeworkers

(D istrib u tio n o f esta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la ry fo r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f in ex p erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1972)
In e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e

s a la r y 4

s t u d i e d ------------------------------------------------------

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _______________
$ 6 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ________________________________ ________
$ 6 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________________
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

$
$
$
$
$
$
$

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
under
under
u nder
u nder
u nder
under

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

288

98

XXX

190

128

50

41

_

_

_

1

1
-

1
-

1
1
4
3
18
5
3
2
2
3
1

1
1
2
1
15
5
3
1
2
2
1

-

-

2
-

2
-

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

383
/4

40

190

XXX

X XX

XXX

43

89

9

13

61

_

1
1
4
6
8
9
15
4

1
-

_

_

XXX

XXX

XXX

288

98

X XX

78

8

13

51

142

53

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

3
4
6
3
6
4
20
5
8
1
5
2
2
1

2
3
5
3
3
1
13
3
2
1
4
2
-

1
2
4
6
11
16
20
6
35
5
7
3
6
2
3
1

2
4
2
3
1
2

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

2
1
1

-

-

1

3
2
2
1
3
1
2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _________________

54

14

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
i n t h i s c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

106

34

XX X

72

XXX

XX X

XX X




37VZ

3874

u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 ________________________________________
u n d e r $ 1 1 0 .0 0 . ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 1 1 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 1 2 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 1 2 5 .0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 1 3 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
o v e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b le s .

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

37Vz

3
4
7
4
10
7
38
10
11
3
7
5
3
1

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 o f ----

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

6 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________________
7 0 .0 0 ___________________________________________
7 2 .5 0 ___________________________________________
7 5 .0 0 ____________ ____________________________
7 7 .5 0 ___________________________________________
8 0 .0 0 ___________________________________________
8 2 .5 0 __________________________
8 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________________
8 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________________
9 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________________
9 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________________
9 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________________
9 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________________
1 0 0 . 0 0 _________________________________________

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_
4
2
1
1

1
-

1
-

2

2
2
2
1
5
-

-

-

1

_

_

_

1
2
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
1
-

-

3
7
5
2
-1 7
1
5
2
2
1
2

3
5
3
1
15
1
4
2
1
2

18
4
2
1
4
1
1
1

1
2
2
2
1

-

-

4
6
-

4
5
7
4
7
2

2
-

13
2
1
1
4
1
-

1
-

1

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

2
1
1

-

-

75

28

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

71

17

XX X

54

XXX

XXX

XX X

2
2
2
1
1
1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
1
1
1




27

T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

(L a t e - s h ift pay p r o v is io n s fo r m anufacturing p la n tw o rk e rs by type and amount o f pay d iffe r e n t ia l,
M in n e a p olis—
St. P a u l, M in n. , January 1972)
( A l l p la n tw o rk e rs in m an u facturing = 1 0 0 p ercen t)
P e r c e n t o f m anufacturing p la n tw o rk e rs—
In esta blish m en ts having p ro v is io n s 7
fo r la te sh ifts

L a t e - s h ift pay p ro v is io n

S econd sh ift

T o t a l--------------------------------------------------------

T h ird o r oth er
sh ift

92. 7

79.3

A c tu a lly w orkin g on la te shifts

Second sh ift

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift

17. 9

4. 1

1. 7

1.7

0. 2

0. 2

91.0

77. 6

17. 7

3.9

U n ifo rm cents (p e r hour)___________________

81. 1

66.6

16. 5

3.7

5, 7, o r 9 c e n t s _________________________
10 cen ts___________________________________
11 cen ts--------------------------------------------12 cen ts--------------------------------------------I 2 V2 c e n t s ________________________________
13 cen ts___________________________________
14 cen ts___________________________________
15 cen ts___________________________________
16 cen ts___________________________________
17 cen ts___________________________________
18 o r 19 cen ts-----------------------------------20 cen ts___________________________________
23 o r 23*/3 c e n t s _________________________
25 cen ts--------------------------------------------27 o r 2 7 V2 c e n t s -------------------------------28 cen ts--------------------------------------------30 o r 31 cen ts-----------------------------------3 1 V2 o r 3 2 V2 cen ts-----------------------------34 cents __________________________________
44 cen ts--------------------------------------------46% o r 47 c e n ts _________________________
60 o r 67 cen ts____________________________

3. 3
22. 5

N o pay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r w ork on la te s h ift _______
P a y d iffe r e n tia l fo r w o r k on la te s h ift _______

-

T y p e and amount o f d iffe re n tia l:

-

3. 8
2. 0
2.9
2. 0
17. 5
4. 5
7. 7
2. 2
6. 4
1.4

.3
3. 3
.9
2. 1
-

1.6
3. 5
13. 5
1. 0
-

1. 2
.8

1. 2
17. 2
1. 3
2.4
2. 1
7. 7
.6
2. 3
1. 2
1. 2
1.4
2. 0

U n iform p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

8 .9

8. 9

4 p e r c e n t _________________________________
5 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------6 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
7 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------------------9 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
10 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------------

1. 2
1. 9
2. 4

-

2. 7

2 .4
5. 3

O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l --------------------------

1. 0

2. 1

See footn otes at end o f t a b le s .

-

2. 8
-

.

7

-

1

.

2

-

.2
4. 1
-

.8
.7
.4
.4
3. 8
1. 1
.6
.7
1. 9
.3
-

.9
.3
.2
1. 3
. 1
. 1
. 4
. 2
.

_
.2
-

4

( 8)
.2
.6
.2
-

. 1
1. 5
-

.3
. 1
.2
. 1
( 8)
( 8)
( 8)
.3
. 1
-

( 8)
-

( 8)
( 8)
.

1

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

hours and days

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch edu led w e e k ly hours and days
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , M in n e a p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Janu ary 1972)
P la n tw o rk e rs
A ll
in d u stries

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________

32 hours— 5 d a ys--------------------------------------------35 h ou rs— 5 d a ys___________________________________
36 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ____________________________________________
36 1 hours— 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------/3
36V2 hours— 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------36% hours— 5 d a y s ________________________________
37 hours— 5 d a ys --------------------------------------------37 V3 h ou rs— 5 d a y s ________________________________
37 V2 h ou rs— 5 d a y s ________________________________
38 hours— 5 d a ys___________________________________
38l/ h ou rs— 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------3
3 8 V2 h ou rs— 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------38% hours— 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------39 hours— 5 d a ys --------------------------------------------39Vio h ou rs— 5 d a y s ---------------------------------------39 V2 h ou rs— 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------40 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------5 V2 d a ys -----------------------------------------------------42 hours— 5 d a ys--------------------------------------------4 3 h ou rs— 5 d a y s ___________________________________
44 h ou rs— 5 d a ys ___________________________________
45 h ou rs— 5 d a ys___________________________________
48 hours— 6 d a ys ___________________________________
5 0 hours— 5 d a ys___________________________________

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




100

1
3
(9)
n
4
2
85
85
(9)
1
(9)
1
1
1
(9)

Manu­
factu rin g

100

7
( 9)
( 9)
4
82
81
1
1
2
2
(9)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P u blic
u tilitie s

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

99
99
-

96
96
4
-

-

-

-

(9)

3
6
5
83
83
-

1
-

2

A ll
in du stries

100

1
1
(9 )
1
1
(9 )
1
(’ )
8
<
9)
2
1
10
2
2
2
71
71
(9)
(9)
(9)

M anu­
factu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s

W h o lesa le
trade

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

1
1
-

_
1
3
-

_

_
_
_
2
_
_
11
-

(9)
1
8
2
6
81
81
(9)

( 9)
(9)
2
_
-

-

-

-

96
96
-

97
97
-

86
86
-

-

-

-

Finance

100

_
_
2
4
4
16
(9)
7
3
30
6
7
20
20
-

29

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f p la n t-w o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by n u m b e r of p a id h o lid a y s
p ro v id e d a n n u a lly , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry 1972)

P la n tw o rk e rs
Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________

A ll
in d u stries

___ __

W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts p ro vid in g
paid h o lid a y s ______________________________________
W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts p ro vid in g
no paid h o lid a y s __________________________________

M anu­
fa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s

O ffic e w o rk e rs
W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
in du stries

Manu­
factu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s

W h o lesa le
trade

R e ta il
tra d e

Finance

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

97

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

2

1

-

3

-

C)

-

*

-

-

-

18
1
1
9
2
4
31
2
2
22
(9 )
5
(9 )
2
-

5

8
8
3
2
9
14
7
5
28

35
2
14
3
5
39

8
3
2
(9 )
9
2
2
1
22
9
4
30
1
3
2
(9 )
(9 >
1
2

8
1
1
6
2
2
11
6
3
48
6
4
1
1
-

2
18
53

4
13
13
2
3
3

23
1
2
21
1
-

N u m ber o f days
6 h o lid a y s _____________________________________
6 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day_________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _________ ____________
6 h olid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s ____ _________________
7 h o lid a y s ____________________________________ ____
7 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day_________________________
7 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
7 h olid a ys plus 3 h a lf d a y s _______________________
8 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________
8 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day_________________________
8 h olidays plus 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
9 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________
9 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day_________________________
10 h olid a y s__________________________________________
10 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf d a y _______________________
10 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days _ . __ _ _____ ___
11 h olid a y s__________________________________________
12 h olid a y s__________________________________________
13 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf d a y _______________________

1

9
3
3

22
3
3
35

_
3
2
72
-

1
4

22
1
-

-

-

-

9

-

-

9
3
-

-

1
2
-

-

23
3
-

-

_
_
(9)
3
5
3

-

-

-

26
3
13
13
3
3
-

51

10
24
7
35
2
1
2
2
-

-

1
-

-

-

7

-

7
7
9
11
12
13
55
79
92
97
100
100
100

T o t a l h olida y tim e 1
0
13V2 days-------------------------------------------------------12 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
11 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------IOV2 days o r m o r e _________________________________
10 days o r m o r e __________ _______ ______________
9 V2 days o r m o re ___________ _______________ _
__
9 days o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------8 days o r m o r e ______________ . . _ - _______
7 V2 days o r m o r e _______ _____ _________
7 days o r m o r e _________________________________
6 V2 days o r m o r e ________________________
_______
6 days o r m o r e _____________________________________

See footnotes at end of t a b le s .




_
2
2
2
7
7
31
33
67
69
79
80
98

_
4
5
5

13
13
52
55
80
83
94
94
99

_
-

1
23
23
97
97
100
100
100

_
3
3
3
13
13
46
53

76
76
81
89
97

-

3
3
47
50
64
65
100

2
3
4
6
9
9
43
52
76
78
89
92
99

_
1
2
7
13
13
65
71
83
85
92
92
100

_
-

3
26
26
79
79
98
98
100

_
3
3
3
6
6
32
35
64
67
83
96
100

-

1
1
52
53
76
77
100

30

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a tio n s

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M i n n ., J a n u a ry 1972)

P la n tw o rk e rs
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________

A ll
in d u stries

Manu­
factu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Pu b lic
u tilitie s

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
trade

A ll
in d u stries

100

M anu­
fa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

F inane e

100

100

100

100

100

99
96
4

100
92
8

100
100
-

97
97
-

100
100
-

99
99
( 9)

100
99
1

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

1

-

-

3

-

( 9)

-

-

-

*

-

19
15
1
(9)
(9)

15
13
1
-

16
3
-

13
7
3
-

26
21
-

-

1
42
27
1
-

1
23
13
_

*

5
43
12
1
1

17
3
_

-

35
12
2
-

-

-

4
72
2
2
-

1
78
1
17
1
1

1
74
3
18
2
2

80
20
-

81
16
-

86
14
-

-

-

-

1
26
2
68
2
1
1

1
40
4
48
3
1
2

_

_

15
84
1

20
( 9)
77
-

6
94
-

-

-

-

2
1
90
4
2
1

4
1
80
7
5
2

_
99
1

4
93
-

100
-

-

-

-

2
(9)
89
4
3
1

4
81
7
6
2

_

_

M eth od o f paym ent
W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts p ro vid in g
paid v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f- t im e p a y m e n t----------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym en t____________________________
W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ------------------------------------------Am ount o f va ca tion pav 1
1
A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek --------------------------------------------------1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------

_

_

(9)

A ft e r 1 v e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek --------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s -------------------------------

_

_

_

_

_

31
68
1
(9)
(9)

15
84
1

_

_

_

_

70
30
-

41
59
_
-

78
22
_
_

4
96
_
-

-

-

-

-

_

A ft e r 2 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ________________________________________
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ________________________

_

_

_

4
(9)
90
4
1
(’ )

6
1
83
7
2
1

(9)
(9)
93
5
1
(9)

(9)
1
88
7
3
1

(!)
(9 )
93
5
2
(9 )

(!)
(9)
86
7
5
1

_

_

_

100
-

3
97
-

8
92
-

99
1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

A ft e r 3 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s -------------------------------

_

_

_
100
-

97
3
-

100
-

99
1
-

-

-

*

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s -------------------------------

See footnotes



_
99
-

-

97
3

1

-

-

'

at end o f t a b le .

4
93

_

_

_

-

_
97
3

98
2

99
1

-

-

-

-

100

31

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d iv is io n s by va ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , M in n e a p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1972)
P la n tw o rk e rs
V a ca tion p o lic y

A ll
in d u stries

M anu­
fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

94
6
-

_
88
9
-

_
88
3
9
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

5
92
2
1

7
3
80
7
-

18
77
5
-

A ll
in du stries

M anu­
fa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s

W ho lesa le
trade

R e ta il
trade

F inane e

Am ount o f va ca tion o av 1 — Continued
1
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
O v e r 4 and under 5 w eeks _________________________

(9)
(9)
79
7
12
(9)
1

i
i
66
13
17
( 9)
2

_

_
1
8
3
77
4
5
2

_

(?)
( 9)
79
7
i1
2
( 9)

_
97
3
-

_
86
14
-

_
83
2
16
-

_
88
9
3
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
3
86
4
5
1

7
91
2
-

28
60
3
9

_
10
78
12
"

_
11
89
*

1
2
86
6
5
-

7
85
5
3
-

12
3
73
3
9
-

9
79
12
-

2
98
-

-

'

-

-

(9)
2
56
37
5

2
60
3
35
-

8
49
43
-

5
80
15
-

(9)
84
13
3
-

5
13
82
1
-

(9)
26
74
-

(? )
( 9)
68
9
17
4
1

A ft e r 10 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w eeks -——__ -— --------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w eeks —— ——— — —— ——— — — — ——— — — —
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s -------------------------------

(9)
13
1
77
2
4
1

-

(9 )
(9)
10
( 9)
83
2
4
( 9)

A ft e r 12 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ------------------------------5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

(9)
8
2
81
3
4
1
( 9)

1
5
3
79
4
4
2
1

5
88
5
1
-

_
6
85
7
-

_
10
84
5
-

-

-

-

5
1
86
1
5
2
'

_

_

_

_

( 9)
5
1
67
2
23
1
(9)

1
3
3
65
3
23
2
1

57
3
39
-

9
77
14
-

(? )
(9 )
3
(9)
68
3
24
2

_

_

(9 )
C)

A ft e r 15 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s ------------------------------6 w e e k s ______________________________________________

42
55
-

-

-

A ft e r 20 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ------------------------------5 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s ------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s — -----------------------------------------------


See footnotes


at end o f ta b le .

_
5
1
19
(9)
64
i
7
1
(9)

3
3
17
1
63
1
9
2
1

( 9)
87
13
-

_
18
61
17
-

9
21
68
2
-

(9)
3
( 9)
20
70
-

2
( 9)
11
77
-

5

5

2

5

2
3
82
13
-

8
27
45
20
-

-

32
T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s -----C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t i o n o f p l a n t w o r k e r s an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M in n e a p o l i s — t. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1972)
S
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

_
18
54
25
-

9
14
71
5
-

-

-

_
18
54
25
-

9
14
71
5
-

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 1 ----C o n tin u e d
1
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------5 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------6 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

_

_

5

3
3
14
58

1
15
60

1
15

1
1

1
18

2
-

(9)

1

_

_

5

3
3
14
55

_
(9)
54
3
34
9
-

_

(9)
3
(9 )
17
57
3
17

2
1
(9)

_

_

_

_

_

2

2

8

(9)

3
59
3

23
37

5
-■

(9)
23

20

25
-

1
0
54
28
4
-

-

12

6

1

-

-

_

1
1
73
-

68

12

2

-

-

-

-

7

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------5 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

1
15
58
17

1
20

(9)

(9)

1
1
1

1

3

_
(9)
44
47
-

_

(9)
3
(9)
17
53

1
23

-

2
1

-

-

(9)

_

9
-

-

_

18
54
25
-

9
14
71
5
-

(9)
3

_

_

_

_

2

2

8
23
37

5
-

(9)

(9)

3
48
34
-

10
54
28
4
-

12

6
26
-

1
1
73
-

23
55
-

12

21

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

8

(9)

3
48
34
-

5
-

(9)
23
55
14
7

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e

1 w e e k _____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------- ,--------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ___________________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

See

fo o t n o t e s




at

end

o f t a b le s .

_

_

5

3
3
14
54

1
15
57
17

1
20

(9)

(9)

1
1
2

1

5

( 9)
44
47
9

(9)
17
53

1
22
2
1
2

10
53
28
4
-

1

12

23
37

1
1

6

73
-

26
-

-

12

T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lth ,

in s u r a n c e , a n d

p e n s io n

p la n s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
h e alth , in s u r a n c e , o r p en sio n b e n e fits , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry 1972)

O ffic e w o rk e rs

P la n tw o rk e rs
T y p e o f b en efit and
fin an cin g 1
2

A ll
in d u stries

Manu­
factu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
trade

A ll
in du stries

Manu­
fa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s

W h olesa le
trade

R e ta il
trade

Finance

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

10
0

100

100

100

W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts p ro vid in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b en efits shown b e lo w . _________

98

100

100

97

97

99

100

100

99

99

100

93
79

96
84

100

89
78

93
75

97
69

98
76

100

87

79

98
65

98
71

96
59

71
62

67
59

75
74

76
69

82
67

70
40

76
44

63
55

77
47

74
61

64
18

90

91

94

96

88

89

96

100

78

93

79

Sickn ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce__________
Non co n trib u to ry p la n s __________________
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d ).
_________________ .. ..
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r io d )_____________________________

76
67

77

71

68

61
60

66

81
67

54
40

72
60

47
37

40
33

74
61

31
9

19

2
1

36

48

3

55

48

73

62

13

78

13

7

3

14

30

1
0

5

2

6

L o n g -te r m d is a b ility in su ra n ce______________
N o n con trib u to ry p la n s ______________________
H o sp ita liza tio n in s u r a n c e _________ _________
N o n con trib u to ry p la n s ______
____________
S u rg ic a l in su ra n ce_____________________________
N o n con trib u to ry plans _ __ — ------— -----------M e d ic a l in su rance ___________
N o n con trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e ---------------------------N o n con trib u to ry p la n s _____________________
Dental in s u ra n c e _________________________
N o n con trib u to ry p la n s ______________________
R etire m e n t pension_____________________________
N o n con trib u to ry p la n s _____________________

14

22

7
7

18
15
93
75
93
78
93
78
75
59

5

50

14

52
36
99
67
99
70
99
70
97
57
9
9
81
77

L ife in s u ra n c e __________________________________
N o n con trib u to ry p la n s ______________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce______________________________________
N o n con trib u to ry p la n s _____________________
S ickn ess and a ccid en t in su rance o r
sick le a v e o r both 13__________________________

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




1
0
96
81
96
82
95
81
77
58
9

8

82
76

18
99

88

100
98

99
89
97

100

79
65

100

88
8
6

84
80

98

100
98

96
40
40
84
83

1
0
1
0

83
83

-

95
70
95
70
95
70
77
46

2

80
69

45

22

22

99
56
99
57
98
57
95
51
7
5
80
69

99
73
99
75
98
74
91
64
4

1

79
64

8
100
91

100
91

100
91

100
90
18
14
64
56

56

-

1
2

69
37

-

97
46
94
46
94
46
91
40

2

-

79
63

100
21
100
2
1
100
2
1
100
2
1
8
8
94

8
6

34

F o o tn o te s
A l l of these standard footnotes m a y not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r which e m p lo yees r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ), and the earnings c o rresp o n d to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is computed f o r each job by totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the number of w o r k e r s .
The median
designates position— half of the
e m p lo y e e s su rveyed r e c e i v e m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e le s s than the rate shown. The m iddle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth o f the w o r k e r s earn le s s than the lo w e r of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 E xcludes p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o rk on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 T h ese s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a l l y established m inim um starting (hiring) r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that are paid fo r standard
w orkw eeks.
5 Exclu des w o r k e r s in s u b c le ric a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 Data a r e pre s e n te d fo r a ll standard w ork w eek s combined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard w o rk w eek s reported.
Includes a ll p la n tw ork ers in establishm ents c u rre n tly operating late shifts, and establishments whose f o r m a l p ro v is io n s c o v e r late
shifts, even though the establis hm ents w e r e not cu rre n tly operating late shifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 percent.
9 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
1 A l l combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount a re combined; fo r exam ple, the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a
0
total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s
then w e r e cumulated.
1 Includes payments other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such as percen tage o f annual earnings o r fla t-s u m payments, c o n verted to an equivalent
1
tim e basis; fo r exam p le, a payment of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e chosen a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the individual p ro v is io n s for p r o g r e s s io n . F o r exam ple, the changes in proportion s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e
include changes in p r o v is io n s o c c u rrin g between 5 and 10 y e a rs . E s tim a te s a re cumulative. Thus, the p ro p o rtio n e lig ib le f o r 3 w eek s' pay or
m o r e a fte r 10 y e a r s includes those e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o r e after f e w e r ye a rs of s e r v ic e .
1 E s tim a te s lis te d a fter type of benefit are fo r all plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the e m p lo y e r . "N o n con trib u tory
2
plans" include only those plans financed e n t ir e ly by the em p lo y e r. Exclu ded are l e g a lly re q u ire d plans, such as w o r k m e n 's compensation, social
s e c u rity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
1 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sickness and accident insurance shown s e p a ra te ly below. Sick leave plans are
3
lim it e d to those which d e fin ite ly establish at least the m inim um number of days' pay that can be expected by each e m p lo yee.
In form a l sick
le a v e allowances d e te rm in e d on an individual basis are excluded.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s
Th e p r im a r y pu rp ose o f p r e p a rin g jo b d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u rea u 's w a ge s u rv eys is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
occu pations w o r k e r s who a re em p lo y ed under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n ge m en ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to esta b lish m en t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f occu pation al w age ra tes re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content.
B ecau se o f this em phasis on
in te resta b lish m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o ccu pation al content, the B u rea u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m a y d iff e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m those in use in
in dividu al esta b lish m en ts o r those p r e p a re d fo r o th e r p u rp ose s. In a pplying th e se jo b d e s c rip tio n s , the B u rea u 's fie ld eco n om ists a re in stru cted
to exclu de w ork in g s u p e r v is o rs ; a p p ren tice s; le a r n e r s ; b eg in n ers; tr a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r it e r .
M a y a lso k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping ch a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er
c le r ic a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e ra tio n s . F o r w a ge study p u rp oses, b i l l e r s , m a ch in e, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m ach in e, as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a sp e c ia l b illin g m achine (co m b in a tion typing
and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a re b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m cu s to m e rs ' pu rchase o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a re d o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d eterm in ed discounts and shipping c h a rge s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y ex ten s io n s, w hich m a y o r
m a y not be com puted on the b illin g m ach in e, and to ta ls which a re a u to m a tica lly accu m u lated
by m ach in e. Th e o p era tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e num ber o f carb on c o p ies o f the b ill being
p re p a re d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e.
B ille r , m ach in e (bookkeepin g m a c h in e ). U ses a bookkeepin g m ach in e (w ith o r without
a t y p e w r it e r k ey b o ard ) to p r e p a re c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion . G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m ach in e a u to m a tica lly accu m u lates fig u r e s on a num ber o f v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes
and u su ally p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n c es.
Does not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f bookkeepin g.
W orks fr o m u n iform and standard types o f sa les and c r e d it slip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a bookkeepin g m achine (w ith o r without a t y p e w r it e r keyb o ard ) to keep a r e c o r d
o f bu siness tra n sa ction s.
C la ss A . K ee p s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u ir in g a kn ow led ge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a sic
bookkeeping p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the stru ctu re o f the p a rtic u la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M a y p r e p a re co n solid a ted r e p o r ts , balance sh eets, and o th er re c o r d s
by hand.
C la ss B. K ee p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r sectio n s o f a set o f re c o r d s u su ally
re q u ir in g lit t le kn ow ledge o f ba sic bookkeepin g. P h a ses o r sectio n s in clu de accounts p ayable,
p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accounts (not in clu ding a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c rib e d under b ille r ,
m a ch in e), co st d istrib u tio n , expen se d istrib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t
in p rep a ra tio n o f t r ia l ba la n ces and p r e p a re co n tro l sh eets fo r the accounting d ep artm en t.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as postin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e rs ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l co n s isten c y, co m p le te n es s, and m a th em a tica l
a c c u ra c y o f accounting docum ents; assig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d istrib u tio n codes; exam in ing
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a ccu ra cy v a rio u s types o f r e p o r ts , lis t s , ca lcu la tion s, p o stin g, etc.;
o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r a ss is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e co m p lic a ted jo u rn a l vo u ch e rs.
M ay w ork
in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated accounting sy stem .
Th e w o rk re q u ir e s a kn ow ledge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p r o ce d u res
w hich r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tra n sa ction s and accounting in form a tion .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b ecom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssig n ed w o rk , but is not re q u ire d to have a kn ow ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.
C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p ervisio n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l o p era tio n s which
r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e rie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r ex a m p le, c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m ­
p lica ted o r n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n sa ctio n s, s e le c tin g am ong a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes and c la s s ific a tio n s , o r t ra c in g tra n sa ctio n s through p revio u s
accounting a ction s to d eterm in e so u rce o f d is c re p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B accounting c le r k s .
C la ss B . U nder c lo s e s u p ervisio n , fo llo w in g d eta ile d in stru ction s and sta n d ardized p r o ­
c ed u res, p e r fo r m s one o r m o re rou tine accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s , such as postin g to
le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r w ork sh eets w h e re id en tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo ca tio n s o f p ostin gs a re
c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eckin g a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n es s o f sta n d ard ized and r e p e t it iv e re c o r d s
o r accounting docum ents; and codin g docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting cod es.
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an esta b lish ed filin g sy stem . M a y p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual tasks re q u ire d to m ain tain file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
b a sis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a t e r ia l such as c o rresp o n d en c e, re p o r ts , te c h ­
n ica l docu m en ts, e tc ., in an esta b lish ed filin g sy stem containing a num ber o f v a r ie d su bject
m a tte r fi l e s . M a y a lso f i l e this m a t e r ia l. M ay keep r e c o r d s o f va rio u s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M a y lea d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .
C la ss B . S orts , c o d es, and f ile s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e a id s. A s re qu ested ,
w a rd s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m re la te d

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y stem (e .g ., alp h ab etica l, ch ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e ric a l). A s req u es te d , lo ca te s re a d ily a va ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo rw a rd s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ith d ra w a l ch a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m sim p le c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rch a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to cu sto m ers: m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and qu antities o f item s on o rd e r
sheet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sheets to r e s p e c tiv e d ep artm en ts to be fille d . M ay check w ith c r e d it
dep artm en t to d ete rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o ( c u sto m er, a ckn ow led ge re c e ip t o f o rd e r s fr o m cu sto m ers,
fo F o w u o r d e r s to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e r s re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in vo ic e
w ith o rig in a l o r d e r s .
C LE RK, P A Y R O L L
Com putes w a ges o f com pany em p lo y e e s and e n ters the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
sh eets. D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs based on tim e o r production re c o r d s ; and
posting ca lcu la ted data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w orkin g
days, tim e , ra te, deductions fo r in su ra n ce, and to ta l w a ges due. M a y m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m akin g up and d istrib u tin g pay e n velo p es.
M a y use a calcu la tin g m ach in e.

Th e Bureau has discontinu ed c o lle c tin g data fo r o ile r s

35

u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (su b ject m a tte r) h ead­
fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s sim p le re la te d in dex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in f ile s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

and p lu m b ers.

36
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

P r im a r y duty is to o p era te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th em a tica l com putations. Th is
jo b is not to be confused w ith that o f s ta tis tic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w hich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
quent use o f a C o m p to m e te r but, in w hich, use o f this m ach in e is in ciden tal to p e rfo rm a n c e o f
o th er du ties.

N O T E : Th e t e r m "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who h ave a s ig n ific a n t c o rp o ra te -w id e p o licym a k in g r o le with re g a rd to m a jo r
com pany a c t iv it ie s . Th e t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f this ro le , does not
in a ll c a ses id e n tify such p o sitio n s. V ic e p resid en ts w hose p r im a r y re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r ­
so n a lly on in d ividu a l c a ses o r tra n sa ction s (e .g ., a p p rove o r deny in dividu al loan o r c r e d it action s;
a d m in ister in dividu al tru st accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p ervise a c le r ic a l s ta ff) a re not co n s id ere d to be
"c o r p o r a t e o ffi c e r s " fo r pu rp oses o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .

KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
O p era te s a keypunch m ach in e to re c o r d
tabulating ca rd s o r on tape.

o r v e r i fy

alph ab etic

and/or n u m eric

data on
C la ss A

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.
a ll,
C la ss A . W ork re q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and judgm ent in s e le c tin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w e d and in sea rch in g fo r , in te rp r e tin g , se le c tin g , o r codin g item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie t y o f so u rce docu m en ts. On o cca sio n m a y also p e r fo r m som e routine
keypunch w ork .
M a y tra in in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .
C la ss B . W ork is rou tine and r e p e t it iv e . U nder c lo s e su p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru ctio n s, w orks fr o m va rio u s sta n d ard ized so u rce docum ents which have
been coded, and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
lit t le o r no se le c tin g , codin g, o r in te rp r e tin g o f data to be re c o r d e d . R e fe r s to su p e rv is o r
p ro b le m s a ris in g fr o m erro n eo u s ite m s o r cod es o r m is s in g in form a tion .

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch a irm a n o f the board or p resid en t)
o f a com pany that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elo w the c o rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm en t o r s u b sid ia ry o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s va rio u s routine duties such as running e rra n d s , o p era tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
E xclu de p o sition s that re q u ir e o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ifican t duty.

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in divid u a l. M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r. W orks fa i r l y indepen den tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p ervisio n and gu idance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
du ties, u su a lly including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a. R e c e iv e s teleph on e c a lls , p erso n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g m a il, a n sw ers routine in ­
q u ir ie s , and rou tes tech n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r p erso n s;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.
d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

s u p e r v is o r to su bordin ates;

e.
R e v ie w s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and re p o rts p rep a red
s u p e r v is o r 's sign a tu re to a ssu re p ro c e d u ra l and typ o gra p h ic accu ra cy;

by o th ers fo r the

M a y a lso p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f co m p a rab le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly re q u ir e s kn ow led ge o f o ffic e routine and u nderstanding o f the o rg a n iza tio n ,
p r o g ra m s , and p ro c e d u re s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r.
E x clu sion s
N ot a ll p o sition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o sses s the above c h a r a c te r is tic s .
o f po sition s which a re exclu ded fr o m the d efin itio n a re as fo llo w s ;
do not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r o th er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o rga n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem ent s u p e r v is o r o f an o rga n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p e rs o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ividu a l plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r o th er equ iva len t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p lo y s, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D

sten ogra p h ic and typin g w ork .

w hich

3.
S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith er a m a jo r
c o rp o ra te -w id e fu nctional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a rc h , o p era tio n s, in d u stria l r e la tion s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r ge o g ra p h ic o r o rga n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ea d q u a rters;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x ecu tive o r m a n a g e ria l p erso n whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situations in the d efin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w hose o rg a n iza tio n a l
unit n o r m a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y ees and is u su a lly d ivid ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tion a l segm en ts which a re o ften , in turn, fu rth er su bdivided. In som e com p a n ies, this le v e l
in clu des a w ide ran ge o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l ech elo n s; in o th e rs , o n ly one o r tw o; o r

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's ca len d a r and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted;

P e r fo r m s

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em p lo y s, in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p resid en t)
o f a com pany that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

M E SSENG ER (O ffic e B oy o r G ir l)

f.

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

a ll,

m a in tain s,

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em p loy s, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r *
2
1

a.

P o s itio n s

b.

se c re ta ry

1. S e c re ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a sm a ll o rga n iz a tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p ers o n s ); o r
2. S e c re ta r y to a n o n su p erviso ry sta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra ­
tiv e o ffi c e r , o r a ssista n t, s k ille d tech n ician o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M any com pan ies assign
sten og ra p h ers , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c rib e d a b o ve, to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o ry o r
n o n su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)

E xa m p les

concept d e s c rib e d

STENO G RAPH ER

S ten ograp h ers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

above;

c. S ten o grap h ers s e r v in g as o ffic e a ssista n ts to a grou p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, tech n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e ria l p erso n s;
d. S e c r e ta r y p o sition s in which the duties a re e ith e r su bstan tially m o r e rou tine o r sub­
s ta n tia lly m o r e co m p le x and re sp o n s ib le than those c h a ra c te riz e d in the defin ition ;

P r im a r y duty is to take dicta tion using shorthand, and to tra n s c r ib e the d ictation . M ay
a lso type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fr o m a sten ogra ph ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly tra n s c rib e
fro m v o ic e re c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n s c rib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e ra to r, G en e ra l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is distin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e ta r y n o rm a lly
w orks in a co n fid en tia l re la tio n s h ip with on ly one m a n a ger o r ex ec u tiv e and p e r fo rm s m o re
re sp o n sib le and d is c r e tio n a r y tasks as d e s c rib e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d efin itio n .
S ten ograp h er, G en era l

e.
A ssista n t type p o sition s which in vo lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re sp o n s ib le te c h ­
n ica l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o ry , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l duties which a re not ty p ic a l of
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




D ictation in v o lv e s a n orm a l rou tine vo ca b u la ry . M a y m ain tain file s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo rm o th er r e la t iv e ly rou tine c le r ic a l ta sk s.

In tro d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department o f L a b o r 's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areaw id e b a s i s . 1 In this area, data w e re ob­
tained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep resen tative
establishments within six broad industry div isio ns:
Manufacturing;
transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale
trade; r eta il trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are government
operations and the construction and ex tra c tiv e industries. E stablish­
ments having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d number of w o rk e rs are omitted
because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations
studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are provided for
each o f the broad industry divisions which m e e t publication c r it e r ia .
T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sample basis because o f
the unnecessary cost involved in surveyin g all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a g r e a te r proportion of
la rg e than o f small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
how ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s t i ­
m ates based on the establishments studied are presented, t h e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the minimum s iz e studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are common to a v a rie ty
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
follow ing types:
(1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fessio n a l and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
ment.
Occupational c la ssifica tio n is based on a uniform set o f job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations sele cted for study
are listed and d escribed in the appendix. Unless otherwise indicated,
the earnings data followin g the job titles are fo r all industries c o m ­
bined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described,
or fo r some industry divisions within occupations, are not presented
in the A - s e r i e s tables, because either (1) employment in the occupa­
tion is too small to provide enough data to m e r i t presentation, or
(2) th ere is p o s sib ility of d isclo su re of individual establishment data.
Earnings data not shown separately fo r industry divisions are included
in all industries combined data, w here shown.
L ik e w is e , data are
included in the o v e r a ll c la ssifica tio n when a subclassification o f s e c ­
r e t a r ie s or tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r information to subclassify
is not available.
' Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department o f Labor. These areas are Binghamton (N ew York portion only); Rochester (o ffic e occupa­
tions only); Syracuse; and U tica —Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 65 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




Occupational employment and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll- tim e w orkers, i.e ., those hired to work a regu lar weekly schedule.
Earnings data exclude prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - liv in g allowances and incentive earnings are in ­
cluded.2 Where w eekly hours are reported, as for o ffice c le r ic a l occu­
pations, r e fe r e n c e is to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest
half hour) fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straight-tim e
sa la ries (e x clu sive o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at regular and/or premiu m
ra tes).
A v e r a g e w eekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the n earest half dolla r.
T h ese surveys m easu re the le v e l of occupational earnings in
an a rea at a p articular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational
a vera ges o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t expected wage changes.
The
a vera ges for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. F o r example, proportions of w o rk ers employed
by high- o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change or hig h-wage w orkers may
advance to better jobs and be repla ced by new w o rk e rs at low er rates.
Such shifts in employment could d e crea se an occupational average even
though m ost establishments in an area in crease wages during the year.
Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2, are
better indicators o f wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.
The a vera ges presented r e fle c t composite, areawide e s t i­
m ates.
Industries and establishments d iffe r in pay le v e l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim ates fo r each job.
The pay relationship obtainable fr o m the averages m ay fail to r e fle c t
accurately the wage spread o r d ifferen tia l maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Sim ilarly, d ifferen ces in a vera g e pay le vels
fo r men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments.
Other possib le factors which may con­
tribute to d iffe re n c e s in pay for men and women include: D ifferences
in p r o g r e s s io n within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differen ces in specific duties
p e r fo r m e d , although the w o rk e rs are cla s s ifie d appropria tely within
the same survey job descriptio n. Job descriptions used in classifying
em ployees in these surveys are usually m o r e g e n era lized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for m inor differen ces
among establishments in the specific duties p erfo rm ed .
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because o f d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
2
Special payments provided for work in designated parts o f the area by companies not con­
sidering such payments a part o f the regular salary or hourly rate w ere not included because o f re­
porting problems.
Such instances are few and do not have a large im pact on the published data.

2
fr o m the sample of establishments studied s e r v e only to indicate
the r ela tive im portance o f the jobs studied.
These d iffe re n c e s in
occupational structure do not affect m a t e r ia lly the a ccu racy o f the
earnings data.
Establishment P r a c t ic e s and Supplementary Wage P ro v is io n s
Info rm atio n is presented (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
establishment p ra c tic e s and supplementary wage p rovision s as they
relate to plant- and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
Data fo r industry divisions not
presented sep arately are included in the estim ates for " a l l in d u stries."
A d m in istra tive, executive, and p ro fe s s io n a l em ployees, and construc­
tion w o rk e rs who are utilized as a separate work fo rc e are excluded.
" P la n t w o r k e r s " include working fo r e m e n and all n onsupervisory w o r k ­
ers (including leadmen and tra in e e s ) engaged in nonoffice functions.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " include w o r k i n g s u p e rv is o rs and nonsupervis ory
w o rk ers p e rfo rm in g c le r ic a l or rela ted functions. C a fe te r ia w o rk ers
and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but included
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Minim um entrance s a la r ie s fo r women o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) relate only to the establishments vis ite d . Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the p robability that la rg e estab lish ­
ments are m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l entrance rates fo r w o rk ers
above the s u b clerica l le v e l than sm all establishments, the table is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o lic ie s in medium and la r g e establishments.
Shift d iffe re n tia l data (table B -2) a re lim ited to plantworkers
in manufacturing industries.
This inform ation is presented both in
t e r m s o f (1) establishment p o l i c y , 3 presented in t e r m s of total plantw o rk e r employment, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p ra c tic e , presented in t e rm s
of w o rk e rs actu ally em ployed on the s p ecified shift at the tim e of the
survey.
In establishments having v a r ie d d iffe re n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo r it y was used o r , i f no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la ssifica tio n " o t h e r " was used. In establishments in which some
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at norm al rates, a d ifferen tia l was record ed
only i f it applied to a m a j o r i t y of the shift hours.
The scheduled w eek ly hours and days (table B -3 ) of a m a ­
j o r i t y of the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an establishment a re tabulated as
applying to all o f the plant- or o ffic e w o r k e r s of that establishment.
Scheduled w eekly hours and days are those which a m a jo r it y of fu ll­
tim e em ployees w e r e expected to work, whether they w e r e paid for at
s tra igh t-tim e o r o v e r t im e rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pen­
sion plans (tables B -4 through B -6 ) are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant- or o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a

m a jo r it y o f such w o rk e rs a re e lig ib le or m a y eventually qualify for
the p ra c tic e s listed. Sums of individual item s in tables B-2 through
B-6 m a y not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ited to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l basis; i.e ., (1) a re provided fo r in
w ritten fo rm , or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays o r d i ­
n a rily granted are included even though they m ay fall on a nonworkday
and the w o r k e r is not granted another day off. The f i r s t part of the
paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half holidays
actually granted.
The second part com bines whole and half holidays
to show total holiday t i m e .
The sum m ary of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to a
statistical m e a s u re of vacation pro v is io n s .
It is not intended as a
m e a s u re of the p roportion of w o r k e r s actually r e c e iv in g specific bene­
fits.
P r o v is io n s of an establishment fo r all lengths o f s e r v i c e w e r e
tabulated as applying to all plant- o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the estab lish ­
ment, r e g a r d le s s o f length of s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s fo r payment on
other than a tim e basis w e r e converted to a tim e basis; fo r example,
a payment of 2 percent o f annual earnings was considered as the equiv­
alent of 1 w eek 's pay. Only basic plans are included. Estim ates e x ­
clude vacation bonus and vacation-savings plans and those which o ffe r
"exten d ed " or "s a b b a tic a l" benefits beyond basic plans with qualifying
lengths of s e r v i c e . Such exclusions are typical in the steel, aluminum,
and can industries.
Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6) in ­
clude those plans fo r which the e m p lo y e r pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l insurance
company and those provided through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by
the e m p lo y e r out of current operatin g funds or fr o m a fund set aside
fo r this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan if
the m a jo r it y of em p loyees was elig ib le to be c o v e re d under the plan,
even i f less than a m a jo r it y elected to particip ate because em ployees
w e re requ ired to contribute tow ard the cost o f the plan. L e g a lly r e ­
quired plans, such as w ork m en 's compensation, social security, and
ra ilro a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ite d to that type of in ­
surance under which p re d e te rm in e d cash payments a re made d ire c tly
to the insured during t e m p o r a r y illn ess or accident disability. I n f o r ­
mation is presented fo r all such plans to which the e m p lo y e r contrib­
utes.
H ow e v e r, in New Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , which have enacted
t e m p o r a r y disability insurance laws which re q u ire e m p lo y e r contribu­
t io n s , 4 plans a re included only i f the e m p lo y e r (1) contributes m o r e
than is le g a lly required, o r (2) p rovid es the em p loyee with benefits
which exceed the requirem ents o f the law.
Tabulations of paid sick

3
A n establishment was considered as having a p o licy i f it m et either o f the follow in g condi­
tions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions covering late
4
shifts. An establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1 ) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating la te shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California

and

Rhode Island do not require em ployer

3
le a v e plans are lim ite d to fo rm a l plans 5 which p rovide full pay o r a
p roportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fr o m w ork because of
illn e s s .
Separate tabulations are presented according to (1) plans
which provide full pay and no waiting period , and (2) plans which p r o ­
vide either partial pay o r a waiting period . In addition to the p r e s e n ­
tation of the proportions of w o rk e rs who a re provided sickness and
accident insurance o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated total is shown
o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e either o r both types o f benefits.
L o n g - t e r m disability plans p rovid e payments to totally d is ­
abled em ployees upon the expiration o f their paid sick le a v e and/or
sickness and accident insurance, o r after a p red eterm in ed period of
disability (typ ically 6 months).
Paym ents a re made until the end of
5
A n establishment was considered as having a form al plan i f it established at least the m ini­
mum number o f days o f sick lea ve a va ila ble to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick lea ve allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




the disability, a m axim um age, or e lig ib ilit y fo r re tire m e n t benefits.
Payments m a y be at full o r partial pay but are almost always r e ­
duced by social security, w o rk m en 's compensation, and private pension
benefits payable to the disabled em ployee.
M a jo r m e d ic a l insurance includes those plans which are d e ­
signed to protect em ployees in case o f sickness and injury involving
expenses beyond the c o v e r a g e of basic hospitalization, m edical, and
surgic al plans. M e d ica l insurance r e f e r s to plans provid in g fo r c o m ­
plete or partial payment of do cto rs' fees.
Dental insurance usually
c o v e r s fillin g s , extractions, and X - r a y s .
Excluded are plans which
c o v e r only o r a l s u rg e ry o r accident damage.
Plans m ay be under­
written by c o m m e r ic a l insurance companies or nonprofit organizations
o r they m a y be paid fo r by the e m p lo y er out o f a fund set aside fo r
this purpose. Tabulations o f re tir e m e n t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that p rovid e regu la r payments fo r the rem ainder of the
w o r k e r 's life .

4

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and num ber studied in M in n e a p o lis —S t. P au l, M inn .,1

by m ajor industry d ivision ,2J anu ary 1 9 7 2
W o rk e rs in establish m en ts

N u m ber o f esta blish m en ts
M in im u m
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
ments in scope
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

W ith in scope o f study
W ith in scope
o f stu dy3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Pla n t
N u m ber

O ffic e

Percen t

T o t a l4

A l l esta b lish m en ts
------------------------

_

1,725

288

383,662

100

217,464

78,548

207,766

M anufactu ring------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing__________________________________
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and
oth er pu blic u tilitie s 5 -----------------------------W h o lesa le t r a d e ----------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e
- - - --- -----F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te 6 -------S e r v ic e s 8 --------------------------------------------------

50

594
1, 131

98
190

165,835
217,827

43
57

97,498
119,966

26,718
51,830

95,652
112,114

50
50
50
50
50

113
217
416
162
223

28
40
48
31
43

45,016
32,388
81,733
31, 148
27,542

2
1
8

23, 134
15, 516
64,216
72, 880
t9 )

9, 219
9, 070
9,9 44
19,066
t9 )

33, 290
11,768
42, 862
14,295
9,899

- _____________________

-

1
12

85

192, 085

100

98, 693

43,874

173,222

M anufacturing—
Nonm anu factu ring_________________ __ ______________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tion , and
oth er pu blic u t ilitie s 5 _______________________
W h o lesa le t r a d e ----------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e-----------------------------------------------Fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te 6 -------S e rv ic e s 8 __
—
- -

500

48
64

34
51

94,541
97, 544

49
51

46,176
52,517

18,693
25, 181

64,403
88, 819

1
2

1
1
7
17

30, 834
5,904
40, 989
15,491
4, 326

16
3

15, 448
2,413
30,931
7 2 , 115
(9 )

6, 153

7

30, 234
5,904
37, 722
11, 188
3, 771

A ll d iv is io n s — ---

-----

-

1
2
9

7

L a r g e esta b lish m en ts
A ll d iv is io n s — —

-

500
500
500
500
500

22

1
0
6

16
7

22
8
2

1,831
6, 519
9, 570

1

C)

The M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem ent and B udget (fo r m e r ly the B u reau o f the Budget) through Janu ary 1968, co n s ists
o f A noka, D akota, H ennepin, R a m s ey, and W ashington C ou nties.
Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f study" e s tim a tes shown in this ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and
co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the s u rv ey.
Th e estim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a sis o f co m p a riso n w ith o th er em p loy m en t in d ex es fo r the a re a to m e a s u re
em ploym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w a ge s u rv eys re q u ir e s the use o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts
a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rv ey.
2 Th e 1967 edition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts b y in d u stry d ivis io n .
3 In clu des a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tlets (w ith in the a rea ) o f com pa n ies in such in d u stries as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re th e a ters a re c o n s id e re d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu ded fr o m the sep a ra te plant and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les. T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e exclu ded.
6 A b b r e v ia te d to " fin a n c e " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les.
7 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l esta te esta b lish m en ts only. W o r k e rs fr o m the e n tire in du stry d iv is io n a re re p re s e n te d in the S e rie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o rtio n only in " a l l
in d u stry" estim a te s in the S e r ie s B ta b les.
8 H o tels and m o te ls ; lau n d ries and o th er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m o tion p ic tu re s ; n on p ro fit m e m b ersh ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g re lig io u s
and ch a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .
9 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in e s tim a tes fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " in the S e r ie s Bta b les. S ep a ra te p resen tatio n
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s on s; (1) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s ep a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as not
design ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep ara te p resen ta tio n , (3) resp o n se w as in su fficien t o r in adequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p r esen ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en t data.




A lm o s t o n e -h a lf o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f the su rv ey in the M in n eap olis—St. P a u l a re a w e r e em p loy ed in m an u facturing fir m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r esen ts the m a jo r in d u stry groups and s p e c ific in d u stries as a p e rc e n t o f a ll m an u facturing:
In du stry eroups

S p e c ific in d u stries

11
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c ts ----------------In stru m ents and re la te d p r o d u c ts ____
P r in t in g and publishingF a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c ts ----------------

- - „
- .

_____ ___ 11
__________ 9

8
6

T h is in fo rm a tio n is based on estim a tes o f to ta l em p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv erse m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu al su rv ey.
P r o p o rtio n s in va rio u s in du stry d iv is io n s m ay d iffe r fr o m p ro p o rtio n s ba sed on the re su lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in ta b le 1 above.

37
S T E N O G R A P H E R — Con tin ued

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r i c A cco u n tin g M ach in e O p e r a t o r )— C ontinued

S ten o grap h er, S en ior

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d tech n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d vo ca b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a rc h .
M a y a lso set up and m ain tain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s sten ogra ph ic duties r e q u ir in g sig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and re s p o n ­
s ib ilit y than ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e vid en c ed by the fo llo w in g :
W ork re q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten ogra ph ic speed and a ccu ra cy ; a thorough w ork in g kn ow led ge o f ge n era l business
and o ffic e p ro c e d u re : and o f the s p e c ific bu sin ess o p era tio n s, o rg a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u re s, file s , w o r k flo w , etc.
U ses th is kn ow ledge in p e r fo rm in g sten ogra p h ic duties and
re sp o n s ib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m a in tain in g fo llow u p file s ; a s sem b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r ts ,
m em o ra n d u m s, and le t t e r s ; com p o sin g sim p le le t t e r s fr o m g e n era l in stru ction s; re a d in g and
rou ting in com in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g rou tine qu estion s, etc.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la ss A . O p era tes a sin gle- o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph one sw itch boa rd handling in com in g,
outgoin g, in traplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll teleph one in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe re n c e , c o lle c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to
doing rou tine w ork as d e s c rib e d fo r sw itch b oa rd o p e ra to r, c la s s B, o r as a fu ll- t im e
assign m en t. ( " F u l l 1 teleph one in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o ccu rs when the esta b lish m en t has v a rie d
1
functions that a re not re a d ily u n derstan dable fo r teleph one in fo rm a tio n p u rp oses, e .g ., becau se
o f o ve rla p p in g o r in te rre la te d fu n ction s, and con sequ en tly p resen t freq u en t p ro b le m s as to
which exten sion s a re a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)
C la ss B . O p era tes a sin gle- o r m u ltip le-p o sitio n teleph on e sw itch board handling in com in g,
outgoing, in traplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M a y handle routine lon g d ista n ce c a lls and re c o r d t o lls .
M a y p e r fo r m lim ite d teleph one in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L i m i t e d " teleph one in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o ccu rs i f the functions o f the esta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily u n derstan dable fo r teleph on e
in fo rm a tio n p u rp oses, o r i f the re qu es ts a re rou tine, e .g ., g iv in g ex ten sion num bers when
s p e c ific nam es a re fu rn ish ed , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p e r a to r .)
T h ese c la s s ific a tio n s do not in clu de sw itch boa rd o p e ra to rs in teleph on e com pa n ies who
a s s is t c u sto m ers in pla cin g c a lls .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p e r fo rm in g du ties o f o p e ra to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
b o a rd , a cts as re c e p tio n is t and m a y a lso type o r p e r fo r m rou tine c le r ic a l w ork as p a rt o f re g u la r
d u ties.
T h is typin g o r c le r ic a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itch board.
T A B U D A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

(E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M ach ine O p e ra to r)

O p era te s one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in es such as the tabu lator, c a lc u la to r , c o lla to r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u cin g punch, etc . E xclu ded fr o m this d efin itio n a re w ork in g s u p e r v is o rs .
A ls o exclu ded a re o p e ra to rs o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l co m p u ters, even though th e y m a y a lso o p era te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabu lating a ssignm ents including d e v isin g
d iffic u lt c o n tro l panel w ir in g under g e n e ra l s u p ervisio n . A ssig n m en ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w hich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n on rec u rrin g, re q u irin g
so m e planning o f the nature and sequ en cin g o f o p era tio n s, and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
ch ines. Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e ra to rs in m ach in e o pera tion s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e ra to rs in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in the o p era tin g sequences o f long and
c o m p le x re p o r ts .
Does not in clu de p o sition s in which w irin g re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
s e le c tio n and in s e rtio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s.
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork a cc o rd in g to esta b lish ed p ro ce d u res and under s p e c ific in ­
stru ctio n s . A ssig n m en ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tine and re c u rrin g re p o rts o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o r e co m p le x re p o r ts .
O p era te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m a ch in es such as the ta b u lato r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es
u sed by c la s s C o p e ra to rs . M a y be re q u ire d to do som e w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s. M a y tra in
n ew em p lo y e e s in ba sic m ach in e o p era tio n s.
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in stru ctio n s, o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e t e r , re p ro d u cin g punch, c o lla to r , etc. A ssig n m en ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w ork unit, fo r ex a m p le, in dividu al so rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e ra tio n s . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c rib e dicta tion in vo lv in g a n orm a l routine vo ca b u la ry fr o m
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e re c o r d s . M a y a lso type fr o m w ritte n copy and do sim p le c le r ic a l w ork .
W o rk e rs tr a n s c rib in g dicta tion in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te ch n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d vo ca b u la ry such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not inclu ded,
A w o r k e r who takes d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a sten ogra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ies o f va rio u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
tion s have been m ade by another p erso n . M a y include typing o f s te n c ils , m a ts, o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r u se in d u plicatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le sp e cia l tra in in g , such
as keepin g s im p le re c o r d s , filin g re c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and distrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yp in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo rm when
it in v o lv e s com bin in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l so u rces ; o r re s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e tc ., o f tech n ic a l o r unusual w ord s o r fo re ig n language m a te ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typin g o f co m p lic a te d sta tis tic a l ta b les to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity
and balance in spacin g. M ay type rou tine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d eta ils to suit c ircu m sta n c es.
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fr o m rough o r c le a r
d ra fts ; o r rou tine typin g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , etc.; o r settin g up sim p le standard
tabu lations; o r copyin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lre a d y set up and spaced p r o p e rly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

COM PUTER O PERATO R
M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the co n trol co n s o le o f a d ig ita l com pu ter to p r o c e s s data a cco rd in g
to o p era tin g in stru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a re d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in clu des m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ction s to d ete rm in e equipm ent setup and o p era tio n s; loads equipm ent w ith re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it, and sta rts
and o p e ra te s co m p u ter; m akes adjustm ents to com pu ter to c o r r e c t o p era tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l con d ition s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade du ring o p era tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e fe r s p ro b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s o p era tin g re c o r d s . M a y test and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
p r o g ra m .
F o r w a ge study p u rp ose s,

com pu ter o p e ra to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la ss A .
O p era tes in depen den tly, o r under only ge n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a com pu ter running
p r o g ra m s with m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is tic s :
N ew p ro g ra m s a re freq u e n tly tested
and in troduced; sch edu lin g re q u ire m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p orta n ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p r o g ra m s a re o f c o m p le x d es ign so that id en tifica tio n o f e r r o r so u rce often re q u ir e s a
w ork in g kn ow led ge o f the tota l p r o g r a m , and a ltern a te p ro g ra m s m a y not be a v a ila b le . M ay
g iv e d ir e c tio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e ra to rs .
C la ss B . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r under only ge n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a com pu ter running
p r o g ra m s w ith m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is tic s : M o st o f the p r o g ra m s a re esta b lish ed
p rodu ction runs, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a sis; th e re is lit t le o r no testin g




o f new p r o g ra m s re q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p r o g ra m s a re p ro vid ed in ca se o rig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a rea s on a b le tim e .
In com m on e r r o r situ a ­
tio n s, dia gn o ses cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e action . T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g ra m e d c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard c o r r e c t io n tech niqu es.
OR
O p era te s under d ir e c t s u p ervisio n a com pu ter running p ro g ra m s o r segm en ts o f p r o g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c te r is tic s d e s c rib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h igh er le v e l o p e ra to r by in d e­
pen den tly p e r fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a ssig n ed , and p e r fo rm in g d iffic u lt tasks fo llo w in g
d eta iled in stru ction s and with freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p era tio n s p e r fo rm e d .
C la ss C . W orks on rou tine p ro g ra m s under c lo s e su p ervisio n .
Is exp ected to d ev elo p
w orkin g kn ow led ge o f the com pu ter equipm ent used and a b ility to d etect p rob le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tine p r o g ra m s . U su a lly has re c e iv e d som e fo rm a l tra in in g in com pu ter o p era tio n .
M a y a s s is t h igh er le v e l o p e ra to r on c o m p le x p r o g ra m s .
CO M PU TER

P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS

C o n verts statem en ts o f bu siness p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p re p a re d by a system s a nalyst, into
a sequence o f d e ta ile d in stru ction s which a r e re q u ire d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. W orkin g fr o m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d evelop s the p r e c is e in ­
stru ction s w hich, when en tered into the co m pu ter sy stem in coded langu age, cause the m anipu lation

38
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— Continued
o f data to a ch ieve d e s ire d r e s u lts . W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f
com pu ter c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic em p loy ed by co m p u ters, and p a rtic u la r su bject m a tte r
in volv ed to a n a ly ze ch arts and d ia g ra m s o f the p ro b le m to be p ro g ra m e d ; d ev elo p s sequence
o f p ro g ra m steps; w rite s d e ta ile d flo w ch arts to show o r d e r in which data w ill be p ro ce ssed ;,
co n v erts th ese ch a rts to coded in stru ction s fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g ra m s ;
p re p a re s in stru ction s fo r o p era tin g perso n n el during produ ction run; a n a ly ze s, r e v ie w s , and a lte rs
p ro g ra m s to in c re a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m a in tain s r e c o r d s o f
p ro g ra m d evelop m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o rk e rs p e r fo rm in g both system s a n a ly sis and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy stem s a n alysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d ete rm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem ent o r su p ervisio n o f
oth er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily con cern ed with s c ie n tific
and/or e n gin eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u rp ose s,

p r o g r a m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la ss A . W orks indepen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s which
re q u ire co m p eten ce in a ll phases o f p r o g ra m in g concepts and p r a c tic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
gra m s and ch arts which id e n tify the nature o f d e s ire d re s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a cco m p lis h ed , and the re la tio n s h ip s betw een va rio u s steps o f the p ro b le m so lv in g rou tine;
plans the fu ll ra n ge o f p ro g ra m in g a ction s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the com pu ter system
in a ch ievin g d e s ire d end prod u cts.
A t th is le v e l, p ro g ra m in g is d iffic u lt becau se com pu ter equipm ent m u st be o rg a n iz e d to
produ ce s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e produ cts fr o m num erous and d iv e r s e data e lem en ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x ten s ive num ber o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a ction s m ust o c c u r. T h is re q u ire s
such action s as d ev elop m en t o f com m on o p era tio n s which can be reu sed, esta b lish m en t o f
lin k a ge points betw een o p e ra tio n s , a dju stm en ts to data when p r o g ra m re q u irem en ts exceed
co m pu ter sto ra g e ca p a city , and substantial m an ipu lation and re seq u en c in g o f data elem en ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g ra m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n ction al d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a re a ssig n ed to a s s is t.
C la ss B . W orks in depen den tly o r under on ly ge n e ra l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly sim p le
p r o g ra m s , o r on sim p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g ra m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r seg m en ts) u su ally
p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to produ ce data in two o r th ree v a r ie d sequ ences o r fo rm a ts . R ep o rts
and lis tin g s a re produ ced by re fin in g , adapting, a rr a y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to o r
d eletio n s fr o m input data w hich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile num erous r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r action s so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be te sted by using a fe w rou tine ch ecks.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g ra m dea ls with
routine r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p era tio n s.
OR
W orks on c o m p le x p r o g ra m s (as d e s c rib e d fo r c la s s A ) u nder c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r.
M a y a s s is t h ig h er le v e l p r o g r a m e r by in depen den tly p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a ssig n ed , and p e r fo rm in g m o r e d iffic u lt tasks under fa ir ly clo s e
d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la ss C . M akes p r a c tic a l ap p lica tio n s o f p r o g ra m in g p r a c tic e s and concepts u su ally
le a rn e d in fo rm a l tra in in g c o u rs e s . A s sig n m en ts a re d esign ed to d ev elo p com p eten ce in the
a p p lica tio n o f standard p ro c e d u re s to rou tine p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p ervisio n on new
a sp ects o f a ssig n m en ts; and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a ccu ra cy and co n form a n c e with
re q u ire d p ro c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s bu sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r s o lvin g them by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. D evelop s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll sp e c ific a tio n s needed to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a re re q u ir e d d ig ita l co m pu ter p r o g ra m s . W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p era tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s conditions and c r it e r ia re q u ire d
to a ch ieve s a tis fa c to ry re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and types o f r e c o r d s , fi l e s , and docum ents to
be used; ou tlin es action s to be p e r fo r m e d by p erso n n el and com pu ters in s u ffic ien t d eta il fo r
p resen tatio n to m an agem ent and fo r p ro g ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in v o lv e s p rep a ra tion o f w ork and
data flo w ch a rts ); co o rd in a tes the d evelop m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y stem s; and recom m en d s equipm ent changes to obtain m o re e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p era tio n s. (N O T E : W o rk e rs p e r fo rm in g both sy stem s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as s y stem s a n alysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d ete rm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not in clu de em p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re sp o n s ib le fo r the m an agem ent o r su p ervisio n
o f oth er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r sy stem s a n alysts p r im a r ily con cern ed with
s c ie n tific o r e n gin eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a ge study p u rp oses,

sy stem s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la ss A .
W orks indepen den tly o r under only ge n e ra l d ir e c tio n on co m p le x p ro b le m s inv o lv in g a ll phases o f sy stem s a n a ly sis. P r o b le m s a re c o m p le x because o f d iv e r s e so u rces o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e re q u irem en ts o f output data. (F o r ex a m p le, d ev elo p s an in te gra ted
p rodu ction sch edu lin g, in ven to ry c o n tro l, co st a n a ly s is , and sa les a n a ly sis re c o r d in which




C O M P U T E R S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
e v e r y item o f each type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll sy stem o f re c o r d s and
a p p ro p ria te follow u p action s a re in itia ted by the com pu ter.) C o n fe rs w ith p erso n s co n cern ed to
d ete rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d vise s s u b je c t-m a tte r p erso n n el on the im p lic a ­
tion s o f new o r r e v is e d sy stem s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p era tio n s. M akes re com m en d a tion s, i f
needed, fo r a p p rova l o f m a jo r sy stem s in sta lla tio n s o r changes and fo r obtain in g equipm ent.
M a y p r o v id e functional
a s s is t.

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r

le v e l s y stem s a n alysts who a re a ssig n ed to

C la ss B . W orks indepen den tly o r under o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re
r e la t iv e ly u n com plica ted to a n a ly ze , plan, p r o g ra m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim ite d
c o m p le x ity becau se so u rces o f input data a re h om ogeneou s and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la te d .
(F o r ex a m p le, d ev elo p s sy stem s fo r m a in tain in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank,
m a in tain in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il esta b lish m en t, o r m a in tain in g in v e n to ry accounts
in a m an u factu ring o r w h o lesa le esta b lish m e n t.) C o n fers w ith p erso n s co n cern ed to d e term in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d vise s s u b je c t-m a tte r p erso n n el on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y stem s to be applied .
OR
W orks on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y stem , as d e s c rib e d fo r
c la s s A . W orks in depen den tly on rou tine assign m en ts and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on co m p le x a ssig n m en ts. W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f ju dgm en t, co m p lia n ce with in ­
stru ctio n s, and to in su re p r o p e r alin em en t w ith the o v e r a ll sy stem .
C la ss C . W orks under im m ed ia te su p ervisio n , c a r r y in g out a n a lyses as assign ed , u su ally
o f a sin gle a c tiv ity .
A ssig n m en ts a re design ed to d ev elo p and expand p r a c tic a l ex p e rie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n o f p ro c e d u re s and s k ills re q u ire d fo r sy stem s a n a ly sis w ork . F o r ex a m p le,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l sy stem s a n a lyst by p re p a rin g the d eta ile d sp e c ific a tio n s re q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d ev elo p ed by the h ig h er le v e l a n a lyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Pla n s the gra ph ic p resen tatio n o f c o m p le x item s having d is tin c tiv e design
fea tu res that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m esta b lish ed d ra ftin g p reced e n ts. W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o rt with the d es ign o r ig in a t o r , and m a y recom m en d m in o r d es ign ch anges. A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d eta ils o f fo r m , function, and p o sitio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts .
W orks w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o ry a s s is ta n c e . C o m p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d esign o rig in a to r fo r c o n s isten c y w ith p r io r en gin e e rin g d e term in a tio n s.
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a re d ra w in gs, o r d ir e c t th e ir p rep a ra tio n by lo w e r le v e l d raftsm en .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ssign m en ts that re q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tion o f m o s t o f the sta n d ard ized draw in g tech niqu es r e g u la r ly used.
D uties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w ork as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g draw in gs o f su b a sse m b lies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltip le fu n ction s, and p r e c is e p o sition a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een com pon ents; p re p a re s a r c h i­
te c tu ra l draw in gs fo r co n stru ction o f a bu ildin g including d eta il d raw in gs o f foundations, w a ll
s e c tio n s, flo o r plan s, and ro o f. U ses accep ted fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y
com pu tations to d ete rm in e qu an tities o f m a te r ia ls to be used, load c a p a c itie s , stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, re q u ire m e n ts , and a d vice fr o m s u p e r v is o r.
C o m p leted w o rk is ch ecked fo r tech n ic a l adequacy.
C la ss C . P r e p a r e s d eta il draw in gs o f sin gle units o r p a rts fo r en g in eerin g , con stru ction ,
m an u factu ring, o r r e p a ir p u rp ose s. T y p e s o f draw in gs p r e p a re d in clu de is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s
(d ep ictin g th r e e d im en sion s in a ccu ra te s c a le ) and sec tio n a l v ie w s to c la r if y po sition in g o f
com ponents and co n v ey needed in fo rm a tio n . C o n solid a tes d eta ils fr o m a num ber o f so u rces
and adjusts o r tra n sp o ses s c a le as re q u ire d . Suggested m eth ods o f a pproach , a p p lica b le
p reced e n ts, and a d vice on so u rce m a t e r ia ls a re giv en w ith in itia l a ssig n m en ts. In stru ctions
a re le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts re c u r.
W ork m a y be sp o t-ch eck ed during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ies plans and draw in gs p r e p a re d by o th ers by p la cin g tra c in g cloth o r p a p er o v e r
d raw in gs and t ra c in g w ith pen o r p en cil.
(D oes not in clu de tra c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
co n s istin g o f stra ig h t lin es and a la r g e s c a le not re q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin ea tio n .)
AN D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e draw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du ring p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly s u p ervised

E L E C T R O N IC T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on v a rio u s typ es o f e le c tr o n ic equipm ent o r s y stem s by p e r fo rm in g one o r m o re
o f the fo llo w in g o p era tio n s: M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o verh a u lin g . T h ese op era tio n s
re q u ir e the p e r fo rm a n c e o f m o st o r a ll o f the fo llo w in g ta sk s:
A s s e m b lin g , testin g, adjusting,
c a lib ra tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
W ork is n o n rep etitiv e and re q u ir e s a kn ow led ge o f the th e o r y and p r a c tic e o f e le c tr o n ic s
p erta in in g to the use o f g e n e ra l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c tr o n ic te s t equipm ent; tro u b le a n a ly sis; and
the o p era tio n , re la tio n s h ip , and alin em en t o f e le c tr o n ic s y s te m s , su b sy stem s, and c ir c u its having
a v a r ie ty o f com ponent p a rts.

39
E L E C T R O N IC T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

E le c tr o n ic equipm ent o r s y stem s w o rk ed on t y p ic a lly include one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
Ground, v e h ic le , o r a irb o rn e ra d io com m u n ication s s y s te m s , r e la y sy s te m s , n aviga tion a ids;
a irb o rn e o r ground ra d a r s y stem s; ra d io and t e le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r re c o r d in g s y stem s; e l e c ­
tro n ic co m pu ters; m is s ile and s p a c e c ra ft guidance and c o n tr o l s y stem s; in d u stria l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u rin g , in dicating and c o n tro llin g d e v ic e s ; etc.

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r
in ju red em p lo y e e s o r oth er p erso n s who b ec o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an accident on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c t o r y o r o th er esta b lish m en t. D u ties in v o lv e a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g ; G ivin g fir s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju red ; attending to subsequent d ressin g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju ries; keeping re c o rd s
o f patien ts tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a ccid en t re p o r ts fo r com pensation o r oth er pu rp oses; a s s is tin g in
p h ysic a l exam in ation s and health evalu ation s o f applicants and em p lo y ees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health education, accident p reven tio n , evalu ation o f plant en viro n m en t,
o r oth er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll perso n n el. N u rsin g s u p e rv is o rs
o r head n u rses in esta b lish m en ts em p loy in g m o re than one n urse a re excluded.

(E xclu de produ ction a s s e m b le r s and te s t e r s , c ra fts m e n , d ra fts m en , d e s ig n e rs , e n g in e e r s ,
and re p a irm e n o f such standard e le c tr o n ic equipm ent as o ffic e m ach in es, ra d io and te le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the c a rp e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w oodw ork and equipm ent such as bin s, c r ib s , co u n ters, ben ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o rs , flo o r s ,
s ta ir s , ca sin gs, and t r im m ade o f w ood in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan nin g and la yin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ction s; using a
v a r ie ty o f c a rp e n te r 's h an dtools, p o rta b le p o w er to o ls , and standard m ea s u rin g in stru m en ts; m a k ­
ing standard shop com putations re la tin g to dim en sion s o f w ork ; and se le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
fo r the w ork .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain tenan ce c a rp e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
ex p e rie n c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren tice sh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a irs o f m e ta l parts o f m e ch a n ica l
equipm ent o p era ted in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in stru ction s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in ist's
handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; settin g up and o p era tin g standard m ach in e to o ls;
shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le ra n c e s ; m akin g standard shop com putations re la tin g to d im en ­
sions o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and speeds o f m ach in ing; kn ow ledge o f the w orkin g p r o p e rtie s of
the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent re q u ire d fo r h is w ork ;
and fittin g and a ssem b lin g parts into m e ch a n ica l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a ch in is t's w ork
n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in m a ch in e-sh op p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l
a p p ren tice sh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m ain tenan ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n era tio n , d istrib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n of e le c t r ic en erg y in an e s ta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent such as g e n e r a to rs , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b oa rd s, c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs , h eating u nits, conduit s y s te m s , o r oth er tra n s m is s io n equipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu e­
p rin ts, d ra w in gs, layou ts, o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d iagn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l
s y stem o r equipm ent; w ork in g standard com putations re la tin g to load re q u irem en ts o f w irin g o r
e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m ea s u rin g and testin g
in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain tenan ce e le c tr ic ia n re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and
ex p e rie n c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren tice sh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O pera tes and m ain tain s and m ay a lso su p e rv is e the opera tion o f sta tion a ry en gin es and
equipm ent (m ech a n ica l o r e l e c t r ic a l) to supply the esta b lish m en t in which em p loy ed w ith p o w er,
h eat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O peratin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
such as steam en gin es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to rs , m o to r s , tu rb in es, v en tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e ra tin g equipm ent, steam b o ile r s and b o ile r - fe d w a te r pumps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keeping a r e c o r d o f opera tion o f m a ch in ery , te m p e ra tu re , and fu el consum ption. M ay a lso su­
p e r v is e th ese o p era tio n s. Head o r c h ie f e n gin eers in esta b lish m en ts em p loy in g m o re than one
en gin eer a re exclu d ed .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich em p loy ed w ith heat, p o w er,
o r steam . F e ed s fu els to fi r e by hand o r o p era tes a m e ch a n ica l sto k er, ga s, o r o il b u rn er; and
checks w a te r and sa fety v a lv e s .
M ay clean , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s is t s one o r m o re w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain tenan ce tra d e s , by p e r fo rm in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a w o r k e r supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ;
clea n in g w ork in g a re a , m ach in e, and equ ipm ent; a ss is tin g journeym an by holding m a te r ia ls o r
to o ls ; and p e r fo rm in g oth er u nskilled tasks as d ir e c te d by jou rn eym an .
Th e kind o f w ork the
h e lp e r is p erm itted to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e : In som e tra d es the h e lp e r is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and h olding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w orkin g a re a s ; and in oth ers
he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p era tio n s, o r parts o f a tra d e that a re also
p e r fo rm e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a sis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the operation o f one o r m o r e types o f m ach in e to o ls , such as ji g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r su rface g r in d e rs , engine la th es, o r m illin g m a ch in es, in the con stru ction o f
m a ch in e-sh o p t o o ls , ga g es, jig s , fix tu r e s , o r d ies . W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m achining o p era tio n s; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a ted setups o r
a high d e g re e o f a ccu ra cy ; using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
sp eed s, to o lin g , and opera tion sequ en ce; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents during operation
to a ch ie v e re q u is ite to le ra n c e s o r d im en sion s.
M ay be re q u ire d to re c o g n iz e when to o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r coolan ts and cutting and lu b ric a tin g o ils .
For
c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp oses, m a c h in e -to o l o p e ra to rs , to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbin g
shops a r e exclu ded fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b iles , bu ses, m o to r tru c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an establish m en t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing au to m o tive equipm ent to diagn ose sou rce o f tro u b le; d is ­
a ssem b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo rm in g re p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w ren ch es,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d isa s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la cin g broken o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m stock; grin d in g and adju sting v a lv e s ; re a s sem b lin g and in sta llin g the va rio u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y adju stm ents; and alin in g w h e els, adjusting brak es
and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body b o lts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the au tom otive m echan ic re q u ire s
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l appren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not include m ech a n ics who re p a ir c u s to m e rs ' v e h ic le s in au to­
m o b ile r e p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e ry o r m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an esta blish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : E xa m in in g m ach in es and m e ch a n ica l equipm ent to diagn ose so u rce o f tro u b le;
dism a n tlin g o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g m ach in es and p e r fo rm in g r e p a irs that m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f handtools in s cra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; re p la cin g broken o r d e fe c tiv e parts with ite m s obtained
fr o m stock; o rd e r in g the production o f a re p la cem e n t pa rt by a m achine shop o r sending o f the
m ach in e to a m ach in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a irs ; p rep a rin g w ritten sp e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r re p a irs
o r fo r the produ ction o f p a rts o rd e r e d fr o m m ach in e shop; re a s s e m b lin g m ach in es; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts fo r o p era tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m ain tenan ce m ech an ic re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l appren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E xclu ded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w hose p r im a ry duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r adju sting m a ch in es.
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m ach in es o r h ea vy equipm ent, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m ach in es o r h eavy
equipm ent when changes in the plant layout a re re q u ire d . W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan nin g and la yin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu eprin ts o r oth er sp e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty
o f handtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop com putations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , strength o f
m a t e r ia ls , and cen te rs o f g r a v ity ; a lin in g and balancing o f equipm ent; s ele ctin g standard to o ls ,
equipm ent, and p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in good o r d e r p ow er tra n sm iss io n
equipm ent such as d r iv e s and speed re d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork n o rm a lly re q u ire s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and re d e c o ra te s w a lls , w oo d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in vo lv es
the fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f su rfa c e p e c u lia r itie s and typ es o f paint re q u ired fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s; p rep a rin g s u rfa c e fo r painting by re m o vin g old fin ish o r by p lacin g putty o r f i l l e r in n ail

40
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E --- Continued

h oles and in te r s t ic e s ; and a pplyin g paint w ith sp ra y gun o r brush. M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w hite
lea d , and o th er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s isten c y . In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the
m ain tenan ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ired through a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

up and o p era tin g a ll a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a ch in es; using a v a r ie ty o f handtools
in cu tting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and a ssem b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as re q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain tenan ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren tice sh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, stea m , ga s, o r o th er typ e s o f pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w ork and m e a s u rin g to lo ca te
p o sitio n o f p ipe fr o m d raw in gs o r o th er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting va rio u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a ch in es; th rea d in g
pipe with stocks and d ie s ; bending pipe by h an d -d riven o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m ach in es; a s sem b lin g
pipe with cou plings and fa sten in g p ipe to h an ge rs; m akin g standard shop com putations r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe re q u ire d ; and m akin g standard te s ts to d ete rm in e w heth er fin ­
ish ed pipes m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain tenan ce p ip e fitte r re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren tice sh ip o r eq u ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs p r im a r ily en gaged in in s ta llin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating s y stem s a re ex clu d ed .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m a in tain s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu r e s
(such as m a ch in e gu ard s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plan nin g and la y in g out a ll
types o f s h e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r; j i g m a k e r; to o l m a k e r; fix tu r e m a k e r; gage m a k e r)
C o n stru cts and re p a ir s m a ch in e-sh o p t o o ls , ga g e s , jig s ,' fix tu r e s o r d ies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and o th er m e ta l- fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plan nin g and
la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in gs, o r oth er o ra l and w ritte n sp e c ific a tio n s ;
using a v a r ie t y o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; u ndersta n d in g -o f the w ork in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p era tin g o f
m ach in e to o ls and re la te d equipm ent; m akin g n e c e s s a r y shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to d im ension s
o f w ork , sp eed s, fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in es; h e a t-tr e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts du rin g fa b rica tio n
as w e ll as o f fin ish ed to o ls and d ies to a ch ie v e re q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e to le ra n c e s ;
fittin g and a s sem b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and a llo w a n ces; and s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e ra l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w ork re q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh o p and to o lro o m p r a c tic e u su a lly a cq u ired through a fo rm a l a p p ren tice sh ip
o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w age study p u rp oses,
shops a re ex clu ded fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

too l and

d ie m a k e rs in to o l

and d ie jobbin g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — Continued

GUARD A N D W AT C H M A N
G uard. P e r fo r m s rou tine p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o st o r on tou r, m a in tain in g o r d e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu des gatem en who a re station ed at gate and ch eck
on id en tity o f em p lo y e e s and o th er p erso n s e n te rin g .

and s iz e o f co n ta in er; in s e rtin g e n clo su res in co n ta in er; using e x c e ls io r o r o th er m a te r ia l to
p r even t b rea k a ge o r da m a ge; c lo s in g and s ea lin g co n ta in er; and a pplying la b e ls o r en terin g
id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in er.
P a c k e rs who a lso m ake w ooden boxes o r c r a te s a re ex c lu d e d .

W atch m an . M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e rty again st fi r e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
(S w e ep er; ch arw om an; ja n it r e s s )
C lean s and keeps in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c t o r y w ork in g a re a s and w a sh roo m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th er esta b lish m en t. D uties in vo lv e
a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : S w eepin g, m oppin g o r scru bbin g, and polish in g flo o r s ; re m o vin g
ch ips, tra sh , and o th er re fu s e ; dusting equ ipm ent, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu re s ; p o lish in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s ; p ro v id in g su pplies and m in o r m ain tenan ce s e r v ic e s ; and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
sh ow ers, and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e rs who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a re exclu d ed .

P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in com in g sh ip­
m ents o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th er m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u re s , p r a c tic e s , ro u tes, a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n sp o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g re c o r d s
o f the goods shipped, m akin g up b ills o f la din g, postin g w eigh t and shipping c h a rg e s , and keepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e rch a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th ers in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s o f shipm ents
again st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r o th er re c o r d s ; ch eckin g fo r sh orta g es and r e je c tin g d a m ­
aged goods; rou tin g m e rch a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r dep artm en ts; and m a in tain in g n e c e s s a r y
re c o r d s and file s .
F o r w age study p u rp ose s,

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
(L o a d e r and u nloader; h an dler and sta ck er;
w areh ou sem an o r w a reh ou se h e lp e r )

w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
s h e lv e r ;

tru c k e r;

stockm an o r stock h elp er;

T R U C K D R IV E R

A w o r k e r em p lo y ed in a w a reh ou se, m an u factu rin g plant, s to re , o r o th er esta b lish m en t
w hose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o ad in g and unloading va rio u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e rch a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a rs , tru ck s , o r o th er tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rch a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo ca tio n ; and tra n sp o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r
m e rch a n d is e by handtruck, c a r, o r w h e e lb a rr o w . L o n g sh o re m en , who load and unload ships a re
e x clu d ed .

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a re a to tra n sp o rt m a t e r ia ls , m e rch a n d is e,
equipm ent, o r m en betw een v a rio u s typ es o f esta b lish m en ts such as: M an ufactu ring plants, fr e ig h t
d ep ots, w a reh ou ses, w h o lesa le and re ta il esta b lish m e n ts, o r betw een r e ta il esta b lish m en ts and
c u s to m e r s ' houses o r p la ces o f bu sin ess. M ay a lso load o r unload tru ck with o r without h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e ch a n ica l re p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x clu d ed .
~

O RD ER F I L L E R

fo llo w s :

(O rd e r p ic k e r; stock s e le c t o r ; w a reh ou se stockm an)
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m s to red m e rch a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
ance with s p e c ific a tio n s on sa les slip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th er in stru ction s. M a y, in addition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itted , keep re c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u i­
sitio n a d dition al stock o r re p o r t sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r, and p e r fo rm o th er re la te d du ties.

F o r w age study pu rp oses, t r u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra ted on the b asis o f t r a ile r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (com bin ation o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under l'/z tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ediu m ( 1 V 2 to and in clu ding 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, o th er than t r a ile r typ e )

TR U C K E R , POW ER
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rodu cts fo r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p lacin g them in shipping co n ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p era tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and num ber
o f units to be packed, the type o f co n ta in er em p loy ed , and m eth od o f shipm ent. W ork re q u ir e s
the pla cin g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
K n ow led ge o f v a rio u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r ify content; sele ctio n o f a p p ro p ria te type




O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tro lle d ga so lin e- o r e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tra n sp o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a reh ou se, m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, o r o th er esta blish m en t.
F o r w a ge study pu rp oses,
T ru ck er,
T ru c k er,

w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck ,

p o w er (fo r k lift )
p o w er (o th er than fo r k lift)

as fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----The follow in g areas are surveyed p e rio d ic a lly fo r use in adm inistering the S ervice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional o ffic e s shown on the inside front cover.

Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A sh e v ille , N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, G a —S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B ak ersfield , C alif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B ilo x i, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, M iss.
B ridgeport, Norw alk, and Stam ford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
C la rk s v ille , Tenn., and H opkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.— la.
A
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth— u p erior, Minn.—W is.
S
Durham, N.C.
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F argo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
F a y e tte v ille , N.C.
Fitchburg— e o m in s te r, M ass.
L
F o rt Smith, A rk .—
Okla.
F re d e ric k —
Hagerstown, Md.—Pa.—W. Va.
G reat F a lls, Mont.
G reensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisbu rg, Pa.
Huntsville, Ala.
K n oxville, Tenn.

Copies o f public releases are

Lared o, T ex.
Las V egas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Low er Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
M arquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a rie, Mich.
M eridian, M iss.
M iddlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Som erset
C os., N.J.
M obile, A la ., and Pensacola, Fla.
M ontgom ery, A la.
N ash ville, Tenn.
New London-G roton-N orw ich, Conn.
N ortheastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard-Ventura, C alif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, A rk.
Portsm outh, N.H.—Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacram ento, C alif.
Santa B arbara, C alif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee— olyoke, M ass —Conn.
H
Stockton, C alif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C alif.
Wichita F a lls , Tex.
W ilm ington, D e l—
N.J.—
Md.

The eleventh annual rep ort on sa la ries fo r accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, d irecto rs o f personnel,
buyers, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en, and c le r ic a l em ployees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey o f P ro fessio n a l, A dm in istrative, Technical, and C le ric a l Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, fro m the Superintendent o f Documents,
U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any o f its region al sales o ffic e s .




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1972 — 745 - 104/71




A re a W a g e S u rv ey s
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d ire c to ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at
the request of the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Governm ent P rin tin g O ffice, Washington, D .C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales o ffices shown on
the inside front cover.

A re a

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1
---------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—T roy, N .Y ., M ar. 1971 1---------Albuquerque, N. M ex., M ar. 1971_________ ___________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., M ay 1971—
Atlanta, G a., May 1971________________________________
B altim ore, Md., Aug. 1971 -----------------------------------BeaumontHPort Arthui—Orange, T ex ., May 1971 1---Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1971 1------------------------------Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1971 1 ----------------------------B oise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971__________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1971-------------------------------------Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1971_______________________________
Burlington, V t., D ec. 1971-----------------------------------Canton, Ohio, May 1971_______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., M ar. 1971-----------------------------Charlotte, N .C ., Jan. 1971------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.— a., Sept. 1971-----------------------G
Chicago, 111., June 1971 1 ---------------------------- —------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1971 1-------------------C leveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971-----------------------------------

1685-87,
1685-54,
1685-58,
1685-75,
1685-69,
1725-16,
1685-68,
1725-6,
1685-63,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1685-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1685-53,
1725-17,

40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
70 cents
45 cents
40 cents

D allas, T ex ., Oct. 1971----------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111.,
Feb. 1971______________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 19711-------------------------------------Denver, C olo., Dec. 1971 1
_____________________________
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1971__________________________
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1971 1____________________________
F o rt Worth, T ex ., Oct. 1971---------------------------------G reen Bay, W is., July 1971 ----------------------------------G reen ville, S.C., May 1971 1---------------------------------Houston, T ex ., Apr. 1971 1 -----------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971---------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Jacksonville, F la., Dec. 1971--------------------------------Kansas City, M o.-K ans., Sept. 1971 ----------------------Law rence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1971 ---------H
N
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1971------Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n aGarden G rove, C a lif., M ar. 1971 1 ----------------------L o u is v ille , Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1------------------------ -—
Lubbock, T e x ., M ar. 1971____________________________ M anchester, N .H ., July 1971--------------------------------M em phis, Tenn.—A r k ., Nov. 1971 1------------------------M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1971----------------------------------------Midland and Odessa, T ex ., Jan. 1972 1-------------------Milwaukee, W is., May 1971----------------------------------Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1----------------

1725-26,

35 cents

1685-51,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1685-70,
1685-77,
1725-21,
1725-3,
1685-78,
1685-67,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1685-83,
1725-4,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
50 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1685-66,
1725-29,
1685-60,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1685-76,
1725-45,

50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents

Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971 ------------------------------------------------1725-19, 30 cents

 on establishment practices
Data


and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A re a
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1971____
Newark and J e rs e y City, N.J., Jan. 1971--------------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1----------------------------New O rleans, L a., Jan. 1972--------------------------------New Y ork , N .Y ., Apr. 1971___________________________
NorfoLkHPortsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., Jan. 1972____________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., July 1971 1------------------------Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1 -------------------------Paterson — lifton— a s s a ic , N.J., June 1971_________
C
P
Philadelphia, P a .— .J., Nov. 1970____________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1971 1--------------------------------Portland, M aine, Nov. 1971 1------------------------------Portland, O reg.—
Wash., May 1971------------------------P rovid en ce—
Pawtuckeb-W arwick, R.I.— a s s .,
M
M ay 1971 1 ____________________________________________
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1971-------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., M ar. 1971-----------------------------------R ochester, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations only),
July 1971 1 ____________________________________________
Rockford, 111., M ay 1971 -------------------------------------St. Louis, M o.—
111., M ar. 1971 1______________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, Nov. 1971---------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., May 1971 1-----------------------------San B ernardincr-Riverside—
Ontario, C a lif.,
Dec. 1971---------------------------------------------------------San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1971 1________________________
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1_________
San Jose, C a lif., Aug. 1971 1_________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1971______________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1971______________________________
Seattle— verett, Wash., Jan. 1971 1__________________
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1971---------------------------South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1971__________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1971___________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1971 1 --------------------------------Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, F la., Nov. 1971 1-------------Toledo, Ohio— ich., A pr. 1971 1_____________________
M
Trenton, N .J., Sept. 1971_____________________________
Utica— om e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 _______________________
R
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—V a ., Apr. 1971______________
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1971_________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971____________________________
W ichita, K an s., A pr. 1971____________________________
W o rcester, M ass., May 1971_________________________
Y ork , P a ., Feb. 1971__________________________________
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1970-------------------W

Bulletin number
and p rice
1685-82,
1685-47,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1685-49,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,

40 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1725-24,
1685-81,

35 cents
30 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-15,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1685-52,
1725-30,
1685-61,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PR IV A TE USE, $300




FIRST CLASS M AIL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR