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AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e M i l w a u k e e , W i s c o n s i n , M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ,
May 1972

B ul l e t i n 1 7 2 5 - 8 3
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

Region II
151 5 Broadway, Suite 3400
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square*Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1880;(Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St.. 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017 '
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 {Area Code 617)

• •




Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Bulletin 1 7 2 5 -8 3
Septem ber 1972

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e M ilw a u k e e , W is c o n s in , M e tro p o lita n A r e a , M a y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page
1.
5.

In tr o d u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T a b le s :
1.
2.

6.

7.

10

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

A.

4.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l.
O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n
m
A - l a . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m en and w o m e n
A -2 .
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s - la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m e n and w o m e n
A -3 .
O f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d
A - 3 a . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d
A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 4 a . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A -5 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 5 a . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s —l a r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s
B -2 .
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls
B -3 .
S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

.

12 .
13.
14.
15.
16.

.
20 .
17

18.

22

.

23.
24.
25.
26.
29.

31. A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s




For M l* by th * S up*rln t*nd*nt o f Documents, U.S. G ov*rnm *nt Printing O fflc *, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Prlc* 4 6 c*nt«

P re fa c e
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s is d e s ig n e d to p r o v id e data
on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ­
t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u s tr y
d iv is io n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r
th e U n ite d S ta te s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2 ) th e s tr u c tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m on g
a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin p r e ­
sen ts th e r e s u lt s .
A f t e r c o m p le tio n o f a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s
f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s d ata f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
T h e s e co n d p r e s e n ts in fo r m a tio n w h ich h a s b e en p r o je c t e d f r o m in ­
d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a data to r e la t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and th e
U n ite d S ta te s .
N in e t y - fo u r a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In
e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d an n u ally
and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y in M ilw a u k e e ,
W i s . , in M a y 1972.
T h e S tan d ard M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as
d e fin e d b y th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d ge t (f o r m e r l y th e B u re a u
o f th e B u d g e t) th ro u g h J a n u a ry 1968, c o n s is ts o f M ilw a u k e e , O za u k e e ,
W a s h in g to n , and W a u k es h a C o u n tie s . T h is study w a s c on d u cted b y th e
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in C h ic a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
o f L o i s L . O r r , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r O p e r a tio n s .




N o te :
S im ila r r e p o r t s a r e a v a ila b le f o r
b a ck c o v e r . )

o th e r a r e a s .

(S ee in s id e

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ­
t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s in th e M ilw a u k e e a r e a is a ls o a v a ila b le
f o r m a c h in e r y (J a n u a ry 1971). U n ion w a g e r a t e s , in d ic a tiv e o f
p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s tru c tio n ;
p r in tin g ; lo c a l- t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s ; and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ich th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is . 1 In th is a r e a , d ata w e r e o b ­
ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
t r a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s : w h o le s a le
t r a d e : r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a tio n s and th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e th e y te n d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s
s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r
e a c h o f th e b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d .2 W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r an d / o r p r e m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b een
rou n ded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r t im e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h a n ges in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
by h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en
though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le 2, a r e
b e tte r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d ata,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t i ­
m a te s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e la t in g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g and, th u s, c o n trib u te d i f fe r e n t l y to th e e s tim a te s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la tio n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p re a d o r d if fe r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p ay le v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y tr e a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ithinin d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O th e r p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n ­
tr ib u te to d if fe r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D iffe r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the actu a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r f o r m e d , alth ou gh th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i fi e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g
e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s
a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e ac c o u n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix . U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d ,
th e e a r n in g s d ata fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m ­
b in e d . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d ,
o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d
in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a ­
tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r
(2 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
E a r n in g s data not show n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d
in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e show n.
L ik e w is e , data a r e
in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify
is not a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­

1
Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am on g
areas are Binghamton, N .Y . (N ew York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed
West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N .Y .
2
Special payments provided for work in designated parts of the area by companies not con­
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N . Y . ; and Utica— Rome, N . Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
more limited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
sidering such payments a part of the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because of
reporting problems. Such instances are few and do not have a large impact on the published data.
the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
fr o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if fe r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s as th e y
r e la t e to p la n t- and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D ata f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s not
p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s ."
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k ­
e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s
and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but in c lu d e d
in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and th e p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l ik e ly to h a v e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d ata (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e lim it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f (1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n tw o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c if ie d s h ift at th e tim e o f th e
su rvey.
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , th e am oun t
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y w as u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
th e c la s s i fi c a t io n " o t h e r " w as u s e d . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s (ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as
a p p ly in g to a ll o f th e p la n t- o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th at e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s a r e th o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f f u l l ­
t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at
s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n p la n s (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on th e
b a s is th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t- o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a

m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r
th e p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u gh
B -6 m a y not e q u a l to t a ls b e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g .
D ata on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim it e d to data on h o l i ­
d a y s g ra n te d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v id e d f o r in
w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) h a v e b e e n e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m . H o lid a y s o r d i ­
n a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th ou gh th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y
and th e w o r k e r is not g ra n te d a n o th e r d a y o f f . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e
p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s
a c tu a lly g r a n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s
to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in ten d ed as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c ific b e n e ­
f it s .
P r o v is io n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t f o r a ll le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th an a t im e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s ic p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s t im a t e s e x ­
c lu d e v a c a tio n bonus and v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and th o s e w h ich o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s ic p la n s w ith q u a lify in g
le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . Such e x c lu s io n s a r e t y p ic a l in th e s t e e l, a lu m in u m ,
and c a n in d u s t r ie s .
D ata on h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e th o s e p la n s f o r w h ich th e e m p lo y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t. Such p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u ra n c e
c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u g h a u nion fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d to h a v e a p la n i f
th e m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n d er th e p la n ,
e v e n i f le s s than a m a j o r i t y e le c t e d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n . L e g a l l y r e ­
q u ir e d p la n s v such a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and
r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u ra n c e u n d er w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l ln e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y . I n f o r ­
m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib ­
u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich h a ve e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u ­
t i o n s , 4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r ( l j c o n trib u te s m o r e
th an is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits
w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la tio n s o f p a id s ic k

3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late
4
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3
le a v e p la n s a r e l i m it e d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a
p r o p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f
illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to (1 ) p lans
w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ich p r o ­
v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n ­
ta t io n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p licated to ta l is shown
o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e it h e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly d i s ­
a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon th e e x p ir a tio n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e an d/or
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d p e r io d o f
d is a b ilit y ( t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til th e end o f
5
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




th e d is a b ilit y , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
P a y m e n ts m a y be at fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y but a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s r e ­
d u ced by s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n
b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ich a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b eyo n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and
s u r g ic a l p la n s . M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p le te o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n ta l in s u ra n c e u s u a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x tr a c tio n s , an<# X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a r e p lans w h ich
c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r it t e n b y c o m m e r ic a l in s u ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r th e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y th e e m p lo y e r out o f a fund s e t a s id e f o r
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p lan s a r e lim it e d to
mini­th is p u r p o s e .
th o s e p la n s that p r o v id e r e g u la r p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in M ilw a u k ee , W is .,1 by m ajor industry d ivision ,2M ay 1 9 7 2
Number of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study1
3
*

Studied

Studied

T o ta l4
Plant
Number

Office

Percent

Total4

A ll establishments
1, 147

216

289,167

100

187,567

49,225

170,655

50
-

510
637

94
122

176,608
112,559

61
39

123, 356
64,211

23, 346
25,879

103, 097
67,558

50
50
50
50
50

77
107
238
95
120

22
17
40
18
25

24, 249
11,651
47,210
15, 619
13, 830

8
4
16
6
5

4, 556
( 6)
5,589
<6)
( 6)

18,808
3, 902
31,019
9, 266
4, 563

A ll divisions________________________ ________

-

102

77

168,130

100

109,705

30,595

146,776

Manufacturing____________________________________
N onmanufac tur ing---------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5
----------------------------Wholesale tra d e-------------------------------------Retail trade___________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate---------Services *_____________________________________

500
-

69
33

45
32

114,001
54, 129

68
32

78,127
31,578

16,649
13, 946

93, 234
53, 542

500
500
500
500
500

7
4
16
5
1

7
3
16
5
1

16,418
2, 484
27,629
6, 948
650

10
1
16
4
1

8, 297
(6)
21,379

A ll divisions----------------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5---------------------------Wholesale trade---------------------------Retail trade------------------- ---------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate---------Services 8
_____________________________________

-

13,838
(67
)
37,183
( 6)

Large establishments

3, 752
( 6)
4, 211
(‘ )
(6)

-

(&
)

16,418
1,897
27,629
6, 948
650

1 The Milwaukee Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (fo rm e rly the Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists of
Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Washington, and Waukesha Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure
employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
1
The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,finance,
auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
4 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing” in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed
initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estimates for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or more of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Over three-fifths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Milwaukee area were employed in manufacturing firm s,
following presents the m ajor industry groups and specific industrie as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Machinery, except electrical___________________________ 29
E le ctrica l equipment and supplies______________________ 15
Fabricated metal products_____________________________ 9
Food and kindred products------------------------------------- 9
P rim a ry metal industries-------------------------------------- 9
Transportation equipment--------------------------------------- 8
Printing and publishing------------------------------------------ 5

The

Specific industries
Engines and turbines_____________________________________
Construction and related machinery_____________________
E lectric test and distributing equipment________________
Motor vehicles and equipment----------------------------------Farm machinery----------------------------------------------------

10
1

6
6
5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe m aterials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may d iffer from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
show s the p e r c e n t a g e c h an ge. T h e in d e x is the p ro d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y th e r e la t iv e f o r th e n ex t s u c c e e d in g
y e a r and con tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d ) each y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d ex.

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n tw o r k e r g ro u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g th e b a s e p e r io d . S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x y ie ld s
the p e r c e n ta g e c h an ge in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the date o f
the in d ex.
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge o r in c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h an ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a te s . A n n u al r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e
show n, r e f l e c t the am oun t o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths w h en the t im e
p e r io d b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m on th s. T h e s e c o m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p tio n that w a g e s in c r e a s e d at a con stan t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in a v e r ­
a g e s fo r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n ge s in the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e ch a n ges in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts . T h e p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c te d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in
ea c h g ro u p .
L im it a t io n s o f D ata

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f c h a n ge, as m e a s u r e s o f
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , and (3 ) c h an ges in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n ge s in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u lt in g f r o m la b o r tu r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n ges in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p a y le v e l s .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e ch a n ge s . It is c o n c e iv a b le
that e v e n though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w a g e in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a o r e xp an d ed th e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y h a ve r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y co n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a ve r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s ig n e d a c o n sta n t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)—
Bookkeeping- machine
Continued
operators, class B
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file, classes
A and B
A , B, and C
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
Messengers (office boys or
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
girls)

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

T h e u se o f c on sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e f fe c t
o f ch a n ges in th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each jo b i n ­
clu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge r e f l e c t o n ly ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d b y
ch a n ges in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
f o r o v e r t im e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge an y s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n ge s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a r n in g s f o r each o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt i­
p lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s
in th e g ro u p w e r e to ta le d .
T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s
w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the la t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e re s u lta n t r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t,




5




T ab le 2.

Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups

in M ilw a u k ee , W is ., M ay 1971 and M ay 1 9 7 2 , and percents of increase fo r selected periods
Manufacturing

A ll industries
Period

Office
clerical
(men arid
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

137.8
147.4

129.9

131.4
137.3

Indexes (A p ril 1967*100)
123.8
132.0

May 1971.
May 1972.

137.8
147.0

130.4
139-7

129-0
136.4

123.2
130.7

138.7

Percents of increase
A p ril
A p ril
A p ril
A p ril

I960
1961
1962
1963

to
to
to
to

A p ril
A p ril
A p ril
A p ril

1961_____________________
1962 —
1963
1964
_
_ ___ __

A p ril 1965 to A p ril 1966 _
A p ril 1966 to A p ril 1967_____________ _________
A p ril 1967 to A p ril 1968
A p ril 1968 to A p ril 1969A p ril 1969 to May 1970:
13-month increase—
Annual rate of increase
.
1
May 1970 to May 1971
. .
May 1971 to May 1972___

3.5
2.6
3.9
2.7
2.4
3.4
5.0
6.2
5.6

3.6
2.4
3.8
2.6
1.4
3.1
7.0
5.0
6.7

4.0
2.5
3.4
3.0
2.1
1.7
3.3
4.8
5.0

5.0
4.3
3.6
3.4
1.4
2.8
8.7
8.0
8.2

3.6
2.1
3.8
2.4
2.5
3.3
5.2
6.1
5.8

3.5
2.3
4.6

2-9
1.6
5.0
4.8
5.3

5.0
4.3
3.6
3.4
1.4
3.3
8.2
6.7
9-4

5.8
5.3

8.6
7.9

7.7

7.1

6.2
5.7

6.3
5.8

8.6
7.9

7-9
7.3

8.7
8.0

6.0
6.6

8.6
6.7

8.0
7.1

8.4
5.7

5.4
6.1

8.6
7.0

7.3
6.8

8.4
4.5

3.1
2.3
3.4
2.7

3.4
1.3
3.5
4.0
4.4
6.7

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o cc u p a tio n s —men and w o m en

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis by industry division, M ilwaukee, W is ., M ay 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

"
»
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

M edian2

Middle range2

»

»

i

65

70

75

80

85

70

75

80

85

90

»

I

[5

*

*

»

I

i

f

$

i

$

i

$

$

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

over

19
8
11

6
5
1

23
10
13

16
6
10

31
28
3

16
11
5

13
12
1

29
21
8

11
10
1

8
7
1

30

11

1

13

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

60
M ean2

S

6
6

11
10

50
7

11
8

7
4

4
3

6
3

3
3

8
8

3
2

5
1
4

1
1

.
-

1
1

•
-

.
-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

7
1
6
6
-

and
under
65

and

HEN
183
126
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
$
$
1 7 1 .5 0 1 6 8 .5 0 1 4 7 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0 1 7 3 .0 0 1 6 0 .5 0 -1 9 4 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0 1 5 6 .0 0 1 4 1 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------

66

3 9 .0

1 3 2 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

112
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1 5 8 .5 0 1 5 6 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0 1 4 7 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

MESSENGERS IO FFICE BOYSI -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

149
55
94

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

119
56
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

175
62
113

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

17
17

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

608
286
322
57
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------HANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

1 ,3 0 6
550
756
206

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 5 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

149
71
78

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 4 1 .CO
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING------ -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

369
180
189
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0 ' 9 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0

“

“

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

146
109

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

8 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 -

1
1

2
2

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

484
146
338

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

-

-

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A -----------HANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

4

-

2

1

ii

8
3

15
13
2

22
12
10

25
4
21

13
3
10

17
6
11

24
6
18

15
3
12

2
1
1

3
3

“

23
9
14

28
24
4

26
16
10

12
5
7

15
1
14

*

14
14

-

*

6
2
4

8

8

10
10

13
13

1
1

2
2

-

2
2

66
96
44
52
14

98
42
56
3
2

72
49
23
7
8

50
19
31
12
6

67
33
34
8
22

36
17
19
7
2

9
2
7
2
1

15
10
5
1
“

20
19
1
-

2
2
-

9
7
2
-

43
1
42
-

_
-

-

_
-

WOMEN

See footnotes at end of tables.




8 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0

_

-

-

*
-

*

*

6
5
1

6
2
4

-

-

2

-

2

1

2

-

2

1

1

84

18

*

*

-

19

-

-

*

2

*

1

“

20

69
20
49
11
15

17
3
14
9

52
6
46
27

53
9
44
29

82
7
75
30

113
36
77
38

148
92
56
15

257
127
130
17

167
98
69
21

97
38
59
6

119
43
76
9

116
56
60
4

15
10
5
1

14
14
-

4
3
1
-

-

*

“

2
1
1

18
3
15

16
8
8

37
17
20

22
11
11

10
4
6

10
9
1

11
8
3

14
5
9

5
5
-

3
•
3

22
13
9

58
22
36
“

43
14
29
*

21
12
9
*

74
42
32
11

57
38
19
9

29
23
6
3

22
7
15
1

8
5
3

10
2
8
1

13
2
11
1

-

2
2

59

17

16
15

4
4

6
4

-

-

4

30
21

-

-

-

-

14
3
11

31
3
28

55
30
25

88
17
71

115
20
95

24
19
5

9

4
2
2

1

-

-

3
3

20

3

3
~

-

*
-

4
4
*

9

47

9

34

-

15
6

34

9

62
28
34

-

-

2
2

36
12
24

35
11
24

20
14
6

7
2

2
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

_
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

8
T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—
*

Number
of
woikers

60

*

*

*

*

5

*

*

S

*

$

$

s

t

$

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

WOMEN -

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

65

Sex, occupation, and industry division

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

over

3
3

-

5
3
2

4
3
1

10
5
5

7
4
3

18
6
12

-

-

-

-

-

15
9
6
6

10
6
4
i

-

-

2

1

5

3

4

24

55
37
18
4
2

16
7
9
8

-

75
57
18
3
2

3
3

-

51
31
20
1
6

62
45
17

-

72
53
19
1
7

49
20
29

-

35
29
6
1
1

16
16

-

_

-

_

*

-

6
6

9
9

5
5

22
17

11
7

44
38

31
24

25
23

13
4

2
-

3
1

_

-

-

1
1

1
-

10

and
under

and

CONTINUED

CLERKS. PAYROLL ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

506
334
172
25
57

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

$
$
1 2 8 .5 0 1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 3 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0 1 6 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0

$
$
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

173
135

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

758
349
409
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

1 1 9 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

701
347
354
56
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

MESSENGERS (O FFIC E G IR L S ) ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

164
57
107

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 5 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

9 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

2 ,4 0 5
1 ,5 0 8
897
200
97

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

299
219
80

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

9 5 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

23
9
14

30
12
18

170
85
85

159
98
61
3

130
65
65
5

89
40
49
4

106
21
85
6

11
7
4
3

17
6
11
6

8
2
6
4

4
3
1
1

“

_

-

9

-

-

9
2

47
11
36
9

71
34
37
4

118
39
79
6
8

58
29
29
11

142
68
74
26
6

74
55
19
6
7

37
21
16
6
5

19
12
7
2
1

42
24
18
6

22
20
2
-

16
16
-

9
5
4
4

7
7
-

_
-

-

30
6
24
9

8 5 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0

-

_
-

_
-

25
4
21

14
7
7

38
6
32

24
9
15

24
4
20

11
5
6

14
12
2

3
i
2

5
5

4
4

_
-

2
2

“

-

_
-

-

“

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .5C
1 2 3 .0 0

1 4 3 .5 0 1 2 6 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 1 2 0 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0

“
-

-

-

6
6
4

16
7
9
1

47
35
12
5

109
38
71
1
17

216
101
115
3
20

308
181
127
20
12

379
273
106
11
10

311
215
96
15
6

359
225
134
67
14

271
188
83
16
5

133
94
39
20
“

93
56
37
17
“

58
37
21
10
1

48
27
21
11
"

21
16

“

2
2
2

28
15
13
6

~

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0

1 4 8 .5 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 8 8 .5 0

-

*

-

1
1

i
i

_
-

-

_
-

7
5
2

6
6

15
10
5

16
14
2

10
7
3

24
17
7

59
53
6

47
26
21

33
32
1

27
19
8

16
14
2

12
9
3

10
2
8

15
11
A

683
405
278
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

7

4

8
“

71
35
36
11

99
57
42
3

81
48
33
3

114
81
33
3

147
104
43
9

49
33
16
8

37
20
17
8

20
12
8
6

21
5
16
9

11
6
5
1

3

4

11
1
10
1

8

7

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

984
646
338
70

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

4
3
1

16
13
3

61
14
47

97
25
72
3

124
80
44
“

189
163
26
6

173
140
33
4

132
85
47
27

66
50
16
7

48
27
21
11

25
13
12
7

22
11
11
4

15
13
2

7
7
*

3
2
1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ---------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

423
238
185

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

_

-

-

“

*

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

782
438
344
178

4 0 .C
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

9 6 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

924
619
305
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 3 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0 1 2 4 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 1 5 4 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




_

-

-

-

“

*

-

i
i
-

-

-

-

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1
1

5
4
1

18
17
1

28
23
5

92
66
26

95
52
43

80
46
34

32
10
22

54
6
48

11
8
3

3
2
1

4
4

“

-

*

-

_

_

18
15
3

47
37
10

65
41
24

40
23
17

53
37
16

192
109
83
27

125
91
34
18

73
22
51
46

46
12
34
29

28
2
26
18

27
10
17
12

35
28
7
6

11
1
10
10

8
2
6
6

6

-

8
-

6
6

27
15
12

121
62
59
7

202
145
57

162
110
52
“

133
98
35
8

63
33
30
4

40
25
15
3

20
12
8
1

37
18
19
8

58
48
10
4

38
37
1
1

-

3

3

-

17
16
1
-

5

-

8

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

6

“

-

6
6

9
T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n -----C o ntin u ed

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

*
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

M ean2

Middle range 2 -

M edian2

t

f
60

65

75

-

80

85

90

95

100

110

12 0

130

140

15 0

160

170

*
180

1 ---------1 ---------

190

200

210

and
under

t
220

and

65

WOMEN

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
$
$
t
*
t
$
*
$
%
%
t

t

S
70

70

75

80

-

-

-

-

85

120

13 0

140

150

160

170

180

190

?00

210

220

over

13

33

17

9

-

-

-

-

-

11

7
5

4

22

18
16

6

7

5

3

6

25
20

9

14

3
2

1

-

-

_

2

1

1
1

_

12

1
1

2

8

-

-

-

-

1 02
78

56
24

9

6
5

1
-

24

32

1
1

1
~

13
13

“

3

37
16
21
6
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

90

95

100

110

15
5

CONTINUED
$

$

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

12 5
83

39.5

$
125.50

39.5

128.50

$
120.00
127.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

111
96

39.0
39.0

100.00
99.5 0

100.00
97 .5 0

8 5 .50-116.50
84.0 0-1 1 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------

ABO

3 9.5

113.50

21 5

4 0 .0

116.00

112.00
113.00

265
66

3 9.0
3 9.5

111.50
90 .0 0

108.00
85 .0 0

88.0 0-1 3 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 90.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUrAuTURIN b ———————————— ~

324
167

3 9.5
4 0 .0

104.50-119.50
103.00-124.50

3 9.0

112.50
115.50
110.00

111.50
116.00

157

109.00

105.50-116.00

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

727
409
31 8

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

117.50
122.00
111.50

112.00
115.50
104.50

99.0 0-1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 4.00-129.00
9 7 .0 0-1 2 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1,100
44 7

3 9.0
3 9.5

9 5 . 5C
9 8 .5 0
94.0 0

8 7 .00-109.50
88.0 0-1 1 2 .0 0
86.5 0-1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

-

3 8.5

98.5 0
100.50
97.5 0

-

653
127

39.0

See footnotes at end of tables.




Vi

110.50-137.00
115.50-139.00

-

1

2

“

“

1

2
6

5

5

1
20

2

-

8

2

15

2

~

8

2

15

17
16

99.5 0-1 2 9 .0 0

-

-

-

46

12

-

6
-

39

108.00-124.50

11

6

39

10
36
17

17

11
7

-

34

-

10
6

-

-

13

1
1

88
45

20
1

9

2

43
9

3

2

42
20

22

2
7

“

1

~

98

44

12

2

45
53

29

11

1

66

187
132

53

55

75
43
32

162
113
49

10 5
37

119

11
1
10

18
7

*
26
10
16

“

47
20
27

11

67
38
29

105
27
78

46
19

116
36

21 1
84

13 9
46

101
41

19 7

27

80

127

93

60

134

63

11

-

_

b

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
“

*

-

37
24

24
21

15
15

13

3

"

-

-

-

-

3

~

-

1
17

14

13

5
9

4

57
17

31
10

40
14

21

8
3
5

1

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

*

-

.

-

-

-

-

10
T a b le A -1 a.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts —men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)

W
eekly ea in *
rn gs
(sta d rd
na )
S ex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

N m er
u b
of
w ers
ork

Average
| na )
sta d rd

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earning s of—
t

M 2
ean

M
edian2

M
iddle range2

S

$

70
and
under
75

»

t

*

75

80

85

90

95

80

85

90

95

100

t
$
S
$
S
$
$
*
*
i
*
*
t
S
t
100 105 110 115 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220
and
110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

8
8

105

5
5

6
5

9
6

22
19

14
11

8
7

18
10

10
10

220 over

MEN

118
96

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------

52

$
$
$
40.0 178.50 173.50 160.50-199.50
60.0 177.00 172.50 160.00-201.00
*
O
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NUFACTURING ------------

-

6

5

2

8

4

4

6

3

S

3

6
3
3

15
3
12

2
1
1

3
3

5
1

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

4

1

44

51
34
17

34
19
15

25
17

29
17
12

8

2

15
10

2
1
1

2

*

1
1
*

79

14
14
-

3
2
1

15
13
2

18
12
6

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

7
4
3

8
2
6

18
5
13

19
9
10

45
23
22

28
16

98.50-135.50
98.00-134.50
99.00-136.00
85.00-109.50

12

21

56
24
32
19

66
37
29
15

78
38
40
11

72
11
61
6

42
22
20
6

56

48
15

12
12

23
7
16
11

30
28

93
30
63

9

16
6
10
10

8

6

4

57
4

12
10
2
1

39.5 125.00 119.00 105.00-148.50
40.0 122.50 117.50 103.50-145.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

6

8
8

4
4

6
5

9
6

6
5

7
4

4
4

8

8

3

8

5

277
168
109

39.5 101.00
40.0 100.50
39.0 102.00

97.50
98.50
96.50

86.50-108.00
88.00-108.50
85.50-108.00

4
4

18
13

38
21
17

29
14
15

21
12

53
37
16

37
24
13

14

10

5

8
6

7
1

5

4

19
17
2

8

9

9
2
7

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

267
67

40.0 101.50 98.50
40.0 114.50 110.00

83.50-1C9.00
93.50-131.50

13
3

31

32
-

14

27
1

26
12

43
2

5
4

11
4

14

7

8

6

24
7

8

4

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

186
120

39.5 131.00 131.00 107.50-155.50
40.0 137.50 139.50 114.00-158.50
39.0 120.00 117.00 102.00-137.50

5

i
i

6

3
3

8
4
4

8
6
2

11

10

3
2

CO MPTOMETER OP ERATORS -----NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------

130
95

38.C 107.50 105.50
37.5 102.50 102.00

94.00-119.00
91.50-113.50

-

6
6

9

5

9

5

17
15

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------

560
254
306

39.5 123.00 121.50 11C.50-135.50
40.0 123.00 120.00 112.50-130.00
39.5 123.00 122.50 107.50-141.50

_
-

_
“

-

2
2

13
2
11

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------RETAIL TRADE -----------

456
278
178
62

39.5 113.00 107.00 93.00-127.00
40.0 119.50 114.00 100.00-141.50
39.5 102.50 97.00 88.50-109.00
39.0 94.50 94.50 82.50-104.00

2
-

15

31
9

57
23
34

107
55
52

40.0 106.00 102.00
40.0 100.50 91.00
40.0 112.00 112.00

87.50-121.00
84.50-113.50
94.00-127.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

309
176
135

39.5 145.00 142.00 126.50-163.00
40.0 147.50 143.50 130.00-166.00
39.0 141.50 138.00 120.50-159.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

702
289
413
122

39.5 115.00 111.00
40.0 117.00 112.50
39.5 113.50 110.00
39.0 98.00 95.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

76
58

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

10
8

3

176.00 177.50 148.00-207.00
9
4
5

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

8
7

6
3
3

7
3
4

5
3
2

11
3
8

WOMEN

66

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS)

93

SECRETARIES --------------MANUFACTURING --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --RETAIL TRADE --------

1,653
1,181
472
132
95

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MA NU FACTURING -----See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




173
134

39.0 102.00
39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.0

149.00
150.50
145.50
168.00
123.50

3

9

2
2

5

3

9

3
3

6
9

22

9

9

33
17
16
4

8

6

33

5

3
3
*

8
7
1

1
1
-

“

*

_
-

5
5

3
“

*

1

-

_
*

“

12
2
10

”

-

-

“

-

~

”

“

4

1

2

5

4
4

1

1
1

-

-

-

22

2

6

6

4

11
3
8

16
12
4

12
3
9

23
15
8

18
12
6

23
22
1

9
7
2

3
3
“

6
6
-

10
6
4

3
3
*

“

-

5

11
7

16
14

16
12

10
6

ii

9
7

13

2

3
1

_

1
1

1
*

-

_

-

8

_
-

26

35

63
42
21

63
43
20

111
62
49

61
35
26

95
10
85

11
7

11
6

4

6

60
27
33

4

8

4

5

37
28

22

16
16
-

1

7

15
12
3
1

36
24
12

5

27
27
-

32
21

22

45
31
14

18

29

32
14
18
11

40
18

9

11

5

4

20

2

2
2

3
1

1
1
-

~

.
-

-

9
5

7
7
-

-

.
-

-

.
-

4

96.50

89.50-111.50

-

2

9

14

18

15

6

5

5

5

3

5

4

-

2

-

-

-

147.00
148.00
145.00
160.00
121.00

130.50-165.00
132.50-165.00
121.50-164.50
155.50-185.00
106.00-144.00

_

_

-

4
4

8

-

2

17
10
7

39
16
23

38
19
19

35
16
19

189
128
61
12

256
207
49
3
10

223
178
45

181
153
28
9

120
88

79
53

55

32

26
16

6

253
170
83
46
14

37
18
10
1

6
4

9
7

10
7

11
10

25
23

18
16

14
14

39.5 171.50 173.50 153.50-192.00
39.5 177.50 175.50 163.00-191.50

"

-

2

4

1

5

11

6

9

72
41
31
2
9

-

-

1

i

-

2

3

3

1

4

-

2

7
1

2

6

8

11

17

5
32

31

-

-

-

40
27
13
5

21
15

21

5

3

12
9

6
2

6

16
5

15
11

11
T a b le A -1 a.

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts —men and w o m e n -----C o ntin u ed

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
work ere

N u m ber o f w o rk ers

s
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

*

70
Mean2

Middle range2

Median2

SECRETARIES -

-

80

%

*

85

90

$

S

95

100

r e c e iv in g

*

105

S

110

s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
»

t

115

120

*

130

t

*

160

150

*

160

t

$

170

180

*

190

*

*

200

210

220
and

under

80

85

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

160

150

160

24

90

37

90
79

170

180

190

200

210

220

69
33

19
12

13

8

20

over

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$

Av 1

75

t

and

75

WOMEN

t

$

$

$

1C 1*'’ 0 w l* n n
176 00
1 8 5 .0 0 1 7 2 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

N l,

2

80
8

8

166 00 1 6 9 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

161

6 0 .0

^30

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

191 * -n
122 50 122 00
40 0 1 3 1 .5 0 1 2 8 .5 0 1 1 8 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

is t
i A 11UnuUAKU U rtK A IU K o i

L L A jj m

1 2 2 .0 0

118
86

-

-

-

1 AO
10

A

• A A 10 A
U 1A

1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 1 2 2 .5 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




10

^6

J

2
2

7

-

7

i

1
1

7
2

3

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

-

-

-

0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

-

-

'

-

5
5

or
14

72
31

9

27

2

1^

J

7

?n
?1

6

162
127

100
75

62
47

37
22

13

32
21

26
7
19

52
6

3

2

6

29

18

77

61

17

29

1 ?n
A?n

12
ro

9

7

2

16
6

16
8

13
10

16
13

21
20

12
11

2
1

13
13

>7

1 0 2 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

3

11

-

-

-

52

38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

J

6

-

-

3
3

1

39 ^ 116 00 106*00
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

15
13

10

30

6

0

22
11

11

7
9

21

aA

r5

iU
9

37

44

12

19

*$ 3

'

^n*n

283
288

13

6

A A A .V W

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

7

j ^

AA
.0 0

6 0 .0

-I

fr
3

'

149

6

3

8

?
. nn*22 ? ? ? * ? 0
12 .0 0 1 2 6 .5

* u .u

TRANSCRIBING-NACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL — -------------------- ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

76

^ 0 .0
4n * a
AA

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

-

i n *2 i
nn i o/ " ? a
39 5 125 50 118 00

100
n

2

^2

3

3
2

166
144

53

3

J in 'X n

w!

13

??

32
18

10
21

12
T a b le

A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l

and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en

and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly earn in g s o f—

Average
weekly
hours 1
[standard)

80
M ean2

Median2

Middle range2

S

$

$

S

S

*

t

t

$

t

$

t

$

t

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

over

-

-

-

2
2

10
4
6

13
6
7

30
25
5

28
20
8

33
13
20

24
13
11

14
9
5

12
10
2

2
2
-

2
1
1

2
1
1

-

1
1

-

“

-

*

13
11
2

20
7
13

23
7
16

35
21
14

41
16
25

60
33
27

19
6
13

8
8

4

3
1
2

3

2

_

2

2
2

_

3

1
1

_

4
-

-

-

-

13
13

12
5
7

32
16
16

30
11
19

13
6
7

8
6

1
1

3
3

7
7

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

10
1
9

9
3
6

18
5
13

29
11
18

22

13
7
6

19
8
11

11
5
6

9
5

1

4

18
9
9

11
7
4

22
17
5

34
20
14

36
23
13

18
11
7

21
19
2

11
7
4

12
3

8
5
3

14
13
1

2
1
1

1
1

-

9

~

~

3

4
2

4
3
1

19
12
7

11

20
15
5

14
11
3

19
8
11

39
27
12

22
12
10
2

23
12
11

ii
7

-

i

1

3

2

9

2

12
10

52
52

7

3

-

-

5

-

-

~

-

and

174
105
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

$
$
$
1 7 1 .5 0 1 5 5 .5 0 -1 8 8 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0 1 5 6 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0 1 5 3 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

COMPUTET (
MAN! V

234
122
112

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0

-

-

--------------------------------

-

-

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

125
58
67

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

3
1

“

2

CO MP U T E R PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

211
94
117

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 3 2 .5 0
2 4 5 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0

2 2 5 .5 0
2 4 2 .5 0
2 1 4 .5 0

2 0 4 .5 0 -2 6 3 .5 0
2 1 2 .5 0 -2 7 9 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0 - 2 4 5 .5 0

CO MP U T E R PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL A S S B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

214
134
80

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 8 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 6 8 .5 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0 -2 0 8 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

180
120
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 8 0 .0 0
2 7 5 .5 0
2 8 9 .0 0

2 7 9 .5 0
2 7 3 .5 0
2 9 0 .5 0

2 5 2 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0
2 5 1 .0 0 - 2 9 6 .0 0
2 5 5 .5 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

210
121
89
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .0 0
2 3 9 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0
2 6 8 .0 0

2 3 9 .0 0
2 3 6 .0 0
2 4 7 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0

2 2 1 .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0
2 1 8 .0 0 -2 5 4 .5 0
2 2 4 .0 0 -2 8 3 .5 0
2 3 9 .5 0 -2 9 5 .5 0

RATORS, CLASS B -------?NP,---------------------

t

100

COMPUTE? OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANliS ' T U R I N G --------------------NONM. v AC T U R I N G -----------------

n o n k a n u . a c Tu r i n g

S

t

90

and
under
90

HEN

$

$

S

-

*

_

_

_

“

“

“

**

“

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

11
11

20
1
19

_

4
2
2

_

_

_

3

33
11

2

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

1

-

1

1
1

-

1

2
1
1
3

4
4

-

8
8

-

14
6

8

20
15
5

8

9

2

8

4

i

-

i
i
_

-

30

*22
8

_
-

16
89
14 **5 1
2 ***3 8

9

8
1
1

37
12
25
t 22

70

2 0 9 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

4

3

5

7

18

9

a

7

1

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

615
593

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 0 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 2 3 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

*

31
31

71
66

113
113

89

-

*

73
72

67
65

32
29

28
23

28
27

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

489
425
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0 -1 9 1 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

*

-

7

45
27
18

15
12
3

-

-

30
23
7

1

-

55
55

47

-

5
5

3
2
1

8
4
4

2

2
1

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

293
254

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 3 .5 0

-

52
52

29
28

48
43

5

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

42

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

5

_

_

-

1
1

_

*

2
2

_

5

o
o

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S C -------------------

O

o

1 0 8 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

121
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------- *

151
134

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0 -1 8 8 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

DRAFTS ME N- TR AC ER S --------------------

51

1 0 7 .5 0

9 5 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

-

W ork ers
W o rk ers
W ork ers
W ork ers

w ere
w ere
w ere
w ere

d is trib u te d
d is trib u te d
d is trib u te d
d is trib u te d

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.




as
as
as
as

fo llo w s :
fo llo w s :
fo llo w s :
fo llo w s :

18
29
17
13

at
at
at
at

$ 280
$ 280
$ 280
$ 280

to
to
to
to

$
$
$
$

300;
300;
300;
300;

3 at $ 300 to $
14 at $ 300 to
9 at $ 300 to $
and 9 at $ 300

4
53
53
“

97
89

8

69
66
3

55

38
28

21
20

16
15

88
40

-

-

17
9

8

14

5

12

6

5

35
17

37
35

4
4

20
20

1
1

1
1

_

_

14
13

25

38
35

17

26

13

4

13

20

12

4

1

7

1

WOMEN

*
**
***
t

-

4
51
42
9

_

_

-

-

1C
10

9
7

-

-

-

_

*

“

~

23

320; and 1 at $ 340 to $ 360.
$ 320; 3 at $ 320 to $ 340; and 5 at $ 340 and o v e r.
320; 3 at $ 320 to $ 340; 6 at $340 to $ 360; and 3 at $ 360 and o v e r ,
to $ 320.

5

3

-

1
1

-

13
T a b le A -2 a .

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech nical o c c u p a tio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts —men and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs f o r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is ., M ay 1972)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

90

100

110

120

130

$

$

$

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------

155
89
71

110

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------

99
51

39.5 139.50 136.50 125.00-195.00
39.0 130.50 132.00 122.50-139.00

120

12
7
5
2

1

COMP UT ER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --

180
89
91

39.5 237.50 233.50 20 9. 00 - 268.0C
90.0 297.00 297.50 215.50-280.50
39.5 228.50 221.50 20 9. 00 255.00 *

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

161
108
53
166

90.0 282.00 281.50 25 5. 00 90.0 277.00 279.50 2 5 2. 00 39.5 293.00 297.00 26 5. 00 -

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

297.00
239.50
259.50
269.00

292.50
235.00
252.00
275.00

68

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

9
9
5

11
6
5

29
25
9

22
19
8

30
13
17

24
13
11

13
9
4

11
10
1

2
2
-

2
1
1

2
1
1

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

11
7
4

30
21
9

31
13
18

38
16
22

18
6
12

3
3
-

2
2
-

2
1
1

1
1

11
6

12
6

8
2

1

3

7

-

-

11
7
4

17
13
4

13
9
4

-

-

21
15

30
19

250

260

270

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -

279
228

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -

190
171

90.0 196.00 199.50 127.00-162.00
90.0 196.00 199.00 129.50-163.50

*

1

132
115

90.0 178.00 179.00 162.50-189.50
90.0 1 7 8 . 5C 175.00 162.00-191.00

_

over

1

-

*

1

-

1

5
1
4

9
3
6

13
5
8

19
6
13

24
11
13

12
7
5

18
8
10

11
5
6

9
5
4

18
9
9

4
2
2

13
10
3

33
20
13

28
20
8

17
11
6

16
14
2

11
7
4

12
3
9

B
5
3

14
13
1

2
1
1

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
2
2

3
3
-

13
9
4

11
9
2

17
12
5

14
11
3

16
14
2

19
66
*37
11
8 **29

18
15
3
1

14
8
*
c

36

20
10
10
2

21
12
9
8

11
7
4
1

9
8
1
1

26
11
4
8
7
18
7 ***1 5

1
1
“

1
1
*

1
1
*

4
4

8
8

-

-

7
6
1

“

”

-

24
12
8

9
9
9

9
9

5

6

18

9

8

7

97
96

82
82

68
67

63
62

92
90

28
25

28
23

17
16

2
2

12
10

9
7

17
12

25
18

38
20

15
12

3
2

8
9

7
5

3
2

-

5
5
9
9

18
18

92
92

3

31
31

17
17

29
23

28
28

91
38

29
23

29
23

35
26

28
22

19
18

16
15

5
5

8
8

2

11
10

17
15

30
27

17
13

26
20

13

9
9

2

2

WOMEN




290

2
1
1

90.0 180.00 179.50 156.00-203.50
90.0 179.00 169.50 153.50-199.00

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

280

-

-

90.0 213.00 201.50 189.50-229.50
90.0 2 1 2 .0 0 200.50 189.00-227.00

12

6
6

5
5

2
2

15 at $ 290 to $ 300; 14 at $ 300 to $ 320; 3 at $ 320 to $ 340; 1 at $ 340 to $ 360; 1 at $ 360 to $ 380; 2 at $ 400 to $ 420; and 1 at $ 420 to $ 440.
at $ 290 to $ 300; 9 at $ 300 to $ 320; 3 at $ 320 to $ 3 4 0 ; 6 at $ 340 to $ 360; 2 at $ 360 to $ 380; and 1 at $ 380 to $400.
at $ 290 to $ 300; and 9 at $ 300 to $ 320.

8

290

160

90.0 2 1 0 . 0 0 207.50 195.50-227.00

6

*

15C

2 2 3. 50 269.50
21 7. 50 - 255.00
235.00-296.00
2 9 2. 50 299.50

989
971

*
Workers were distributed as follows:
** Workers were distributed as follows:
** * Workers were distributed as follows:

280

140

301.50
297.00
319.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFA CT UR IN G -

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------- ---

i

270

130

218.00
39.5 197.00 190.50 17 5. 00 90.0 197.50 191.00 17 5. 00 219.50
39.0 196.00 190.00 175.50-221.50

90.0
90.0
39.5
90.0

180

2
2

90.0 199.00 198.50 1 3 9. 50 158.00
90.0 150.50 199.50 13 2. 50 160.00
39.5 198.00 150.00 190.00-155.00

188
116
72
95

170

and

90.0 173.50 172.50 15 5. 50 188.00
190.00
90.0 179.50 171.00 15 5. 50 39.5 171.50 179.00 156.00-186.50

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING ---------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ----

160

$

159
99
60

55

150

under

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

111

140

Middle range 2

100

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTURING ---------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

* * $ I *

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

8
8

99
99

14
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fessio n al, and tech nical o cc u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n co m b in ed

(A v erage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis by industry division, M ilw aukee, W is ., M ay 1972)

Occupation and industry division

Weekly ^
Weekly
hours 1
standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry divisi

Weekly

hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B ILLE R S . MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------

Average

Average

Average
Number
of

CONTINUED

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND G IR L S )
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

313
112
201

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

2 ,4 1 0
1 ,5 1 1
899
202
97

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

300
220
80

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

s e c r e t a r i e s , c l a s s b -------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------

684
406
278
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
$
9 9 .5 0 T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------1 0 2 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------9 7 .5 0
RETAIL TRADE ------------------------1 4 5 .5 0
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
1 4 7 .5 0
OCCUPATIONS
1 4 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------1 2 3 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 0 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING------------------1 6 0 .5 0
NONMANUFACTURING -------------1 5 4 .5 0
CLASS C -----------1 5 7 .0 0 COMPUTER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ---1 5 1 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING
1 6 6 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

$
9 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

194
115
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0

355
147
208

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0

165
87
78

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

250
95
155

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 3 0 .0 0
2 4 5 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

262
152
110

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 9 0 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0

55

3 9 .0

1 7 0 .5 0

187
126
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 7 9 .0 0
2 7 4 .0 0
2 8 9 .0 0

231
135
96
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 4 2 .5 0
2 3 6 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0
2 6 8 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SINESS, CLASS C -----------------------

74

4 0 .0

2 1 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

617
595

4 0 .0 2 1 0 .0 0
4 0 . 0 2 0 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

508
444
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

304
265

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

58

4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

151
134

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

120
57
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----*-----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

175
62
113

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

791
412
379
72
94

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 4 9 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

1 ,3 7 2
585
787
206

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

987
647
340

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------—

150
71
79

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

423
238
185

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

375
184
191
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

782
438
344
178

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

146
109

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- .
----------

596
203
393

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

924
619
305
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

126
83

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

544
365
179
30
57

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .5C

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

111
96

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 3 .5C
1 0 8 .0 0 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS C ----------------------1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------1 3 3 .0 0
MANUFACTURING -------------------------1 3 4 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING--------------------1 3 0 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------1 2 6 .0 0
MANUFACTURING -------------------------1 2 8 .5 0
NONMANUFACTURING--------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------1 0 0 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

174
136

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

480
215
265
66

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

760
349
411
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .G
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

324
167
157

3 9 .5 1 1 2 .5 0
4 0 . G 1 1 5 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 1 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

701
347
354
56
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

727
409
318

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

See footnote at end of tables,




Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

1 ,1 0 0
447
653
127

51

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

Number
of
woiken

9 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ------------------------NURSES. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

15
T a b le A -3 a .

O ffic e , p ro fessio n al, and tec h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts —men and w o m en com bined

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied in esta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is ., M a y 1972)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

*27

39.5

15*.00

270
157

*0 .0
39.0

1*7.00

717

39.5

116.00

30*
*13

*0 .0

122

3 9.5
39.0

119.00
113.50
9 8 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

76
58

3 9 .5
*0 .0

125.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

26 2
172
11 0

3 9.5
*0 .0

of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 9.0

SECRETARIES -

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

398
31 5
83

*0 .0
*0 .0

163.50
161.00

31

3 9.0
*0 .0

172.00
182.00

779

3 9.5

1 **.50

57 3
206
*7

*0 .0
3 8 .5

122.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

*0 .0

1*5.50
1*1.00
168.00

102.00
101.50
102.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

291

*0 .0

131.00

1 61

*0 .0
3 9 .5

12*.50
139.00

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

31 9

*0 .0

11*

*0 .0

1 1*.00
139.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

208

3 9.5

135.00

135

*0 .0
3 9.5

127.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

131

3 8.0

96

37.5

108.00
103.00

130

139.50

73

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

566
328

*0 .0
*0 .0

238
161

3 9 .5
*0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

690
536

*0 .0
*0 .0

133.50
136.00

15*

39.5

125.50

1 01
75

39.5
*0 .0

126.50
129.00

1 1*.50
108.50
122.50
131.50

39.5

123.00

25*
307

*0 .0
39.5

123.00
123.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------

56

*0 .0

102.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

*56
278

113.00
119.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

7*
63

*0 .0
*0 .0

121.50
122.00

17 8

3 9 .5
*0 .0
39.5

62

3 9 .0

102.50
9 *.5 0

MESSENGERS (O FFICE BOYS AND G IR LS 1 HANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

200

39.5

10*.00

1 01
99

*0 .0
3 9.0

102.50
106.00

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

1,658
1 ,1 8 *

39.5
*0 .0
3 9.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

See footnote at end of tables,




13*

*0 .0

95

3 9 .0

123.50

17*

3 9 .5
3 9.5

171.50

135

177.50

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

118
86

*0 .0

121.50,
126.00

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

517
368
1*9

*0 .0
*0 .0
3 9 .5

120.50
122.50
116.00

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

571

*0 .0

28 3

*0 .0

100.50
98.5 0

28 8

3 9 .5

102.00

3 9 .5

10*

*0 .0
*0 .0

$
172.50
1 7*.50

70

3 9 .5

169.50

193
91

*0 .0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

17*

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

*0 .0

1*6.00
150.50

10 2

3 9.5

1*2.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

11*
55
59

39.5
*0 .0
3 9 .0

138.50
1*7.50
130.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING---------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------

215

3 9 .5

90

*0 .0

2*7.50

125

3 9 .0

226.00

235.00

207

39.5

126
81

*0 .0

195.00
196.00

3 9 .0

19*.00

173

275.50

56

*0 .0
*0 .0
39.5

209

4 0 .0

245.00

130
79
*8

*0 .0
39.5

236.50
258.50
269.00

117

72

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

*91
*73

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING - -

*0 .0

O

561

1*9.00
150.50
1*5.50
169.00

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

O
*

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------- -—

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

*7*

Average
Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

158.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

281.00
293.00

211.00

*0 .0
*0 .0

212.50
212.00

288

*0 .0

179.00

2*2

*0 .0

173.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING - -

201
182

*0 .0
*0 .0

1*5.50
1*5.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

132
11 5

*0 .0

178.00

*0 .0

178.50

16
T a b le

A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e

and

p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s stu died on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1972)

Number o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of—
*
*
v
T*
5
I
$
I
I
$
i

Hourly earnings

3 .2 0

3 30 3 .4 0

3.50

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

Middle range 2

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 40 3 .5 0

3.60

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

12
-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

7
7
-

24
15
9
9

33
6
27
27

18
17
1

42
35
7
6

21

-

18
18

2
2

17
17

67
66

98
97

-

2

16
16

28
27

I

6 .4 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

19
2
2

22
13
9
9

12
11
1
1

7
4
3
-

-

-

*

43
42

140
139

91
91

93
14

159
152

75
58

28
27

22
21

10
1

48
43

14
13

13
11

-

l

Median2

6 .2 0

|

M ean 2

i
6 .0 0

f

5 .4 0

i
i
5 .6 0 5 .8 0

s

5 .2 0

4 .8 0

O
O

, 3 .0 0 3 .1 0
U nder
$
and
3 «C 0 under
tt

t

4
/

rvj
O

*

\\
J

t

o
C
D

"5

o
>
0
*

t

3 .1 0

S e x , occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

and

MEN
$
4 .4 4 4 .7 1 -

$
5.26
5.25

4 .4 7

4 .4 0 4 .4 2 -

5.28
4 .98

5.63
5 .5 7

5 .55
5 .3 2

5 .0 2 4 .8 6 -

5.97
5 .91

4 .90
4 .94

4 .9 6

161

4 .5 7 4 .5 9 -

5.26
5.27

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

354

4 .1 3

27 0
84

4 .3 0
3 .55

4 .0 5
4 .2 5
3.64

3 .6 9 3 .9 6 -

4 .53
4.58

3 .6 0 -

3 .69

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

292
92

4 .2 7
4 .0 9

4 .5 0
4 . 10

4 .0 4 3 .9 7 -

4.77
4.43

4 .3 4
4 .7 0

4 .5 9
4 .6 9

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE -----------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

228
142
86

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

1,049

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

191

54

887

200
161

$
5 .0 2
5 .0 4
4 .9 9
4 .6 7

$
4 .9 3
4 .9 7
4 .4 8

4 .9 5

MA CH INE-TOOL OPERATORS, T O OL RO OM —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

739
736

5 .24
5 .25

5.38
5.38

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

634
611

5 .4 9
5 .4 9

734

5 .2 4

173
561

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

54 2

4 .9 5
5 .33
5 .34

1 ,172
1,0 9 1

4 .8 0
4 .7 9

81

4 .9 0

309

4 .1 9 4 .5 5 -

4 .84
4 .86

-

_

21
4
** 1 7
15
15
_

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

7

12

_

1

3
2
1

16
16

6
6
~

36
32
4

5
5
“

1
1

-

-

43
43
“

*

*

12
12

14
2
12

1
1
-

_
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

10
10
-

-

10
10
-

48
35
13
13

4
i
3
3

79
29
50
50

28
1
27
27

58

2

8

_

-

-

_

-

-

58
58

2
2

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

9
9

3
3

50
50

43
43

39
38

73
71

114
114

48
48

97
97

219
219

28
28

10
10

-

6
6

17
17

78
78

9
9
-

_

5.61
4 .6 9

4 .8 1 4 .4 5 4 .8 8 -

5.66
5.26
5.66

3

8

3

8
8

-

_

-

-

4 .8 3

-

_
-

5.32

4 .3 4 -

5 .66

-

-

5 .1 7

4 .8 7 4 .8 7 -

8

_

-

“

_

_
“

2
2

12
12

40
40

63
62

55
48

76
76

35
35

51
51

25
24

24
10

143
143

5
3
2
2

24
24
-

68
56
12
12

52
2
50
50

90
18
72
72

15
9
6
3

35
26
9
5

12
12
5

379
4
375
373

1
1
1

19
19
-

-

-

4
3
1
1

3
2
1

9
8
1

122
122
-

207
193
14

98
98

94
90
4

47
43
4

88
88

264
256
8

111
97
14

51
43
8

36
23
13

-

-

7
7

17
17

21
21

49
49

69
69

2
2

15
15

94
91

1
1

_

1
1

13
13

3
3

4
1

17
13

8
“

3
3

10
10

9
4

6
5

-

-

-***3 3
18
*

7

21
8

7
7

9
9

23
21

57
57

36
34

60
46

42
41

12
12

1
1

-

13

5.66
5 .29
5.28

_
-

11
11

*

18
18

4 .8 7 4 .3 2 4 .3 2 -

_
”

2
2

2
2

5 .6 3

*

4 .8 5

-

6
6

_

_

_

_

8
8

-

-

2
2

-

-

12
12

-

-

29
28
1

_
-

-

2

5 .70
5 .71

5 .2 4

4 .7 1 4 .2 6 -

6 .62
5 .83

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

331

5 .36

299

5 .4 1

5 .28
5 .28

4 .9 9 5 .0 1 -

5.66
5 .69

31

4 .9 2

5 .35

4 .2 7 -

5 .46

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA IN TE NA NC E —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

123
12 0

5 .1 9
5 .18

5 .0 9
5 .0 9

4 .9 4 4 .9 4 -

5 .43
5 .41

1,220

5 .5 0

5 .6 2

5 .2 1 -

5.83

1,220

5.50

5 .62

5 .2 1 -

5 .83

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------- *
1

*
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
**
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
* * * W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
See footn otes at end of ta b le.




“

38
36
2

~

5 .21

-

44
36
8

6.16

5.36

-

-

64
64
-

6 .16

5 .2 3

-

-

5
5
“

4 .9 3 -

1 11
74

-

48
48

4 .9 2 -

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2
2

9
5
4

5 .50
5.49

5 .17

142
127

-

5.64

5 .4 0
5.40

39
12

12
12
*

4 .9 0 -

306

65
52

12

_
“

5 .64

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

”

*1 5
“

3
3
“

4 .9 0 -

5.63

71

1
1
“

*

*

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

_

-

-

3 at $ 6.80 to $ 7; 11 at $ 7 to $ 7.20; and 1 at $ 7.80 to $ 8.
5 at $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .5 0 ; 6 at $ 2 .5 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; and 6 at $ 2 .6 0
to $ 2 .7 0 .
1 at $ 6.40 to $ 6.60; and 32 at $ 6.60 to $ 6.80.

-

_

4
3

-

7

2

2

“

-

-

-

1
1
32
32

38
38

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

4
4

37
37

15
15

23
23

10
10

17
14

_

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
1

23
23

43
43

52
52

169
169

156
156

125
125

299
299

243
243

98
98

11
11

-

-

17
T a b le A -4 a .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p atio n s —large e stab lish m e n ts

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings ^

$
$
3 .5 0 3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

»
3 .8 0

t
S
3 . 90 4 .0 0

$

4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

t

3 .3 0

S
3 .4 0

4 .4 0

4

.6 0

4

.8 0

5 .0 0

s
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

S
6 .4 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 . 00 4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0 4 .6 0

4

.8 0

5

.0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 . VO

over

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

41

21

22

12

-

-

1

27

t

t

3 .2 0

3 .2 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

-

$
3 .1 0
M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

t

*

S

and
under

and

MEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTE NA NC E -------------------

197
73
53

$
4 .9 8

$
$
4 . 4 6 - 5 .2 9

*

$
5 .1 5

4 .4 4 4 .4 2 -

447

950
788

5 .6 7
5 .6 0

5 .5 8

120

5 .0 1

33

4

^7
27

24

3

1

4 **1
5
4 .4 6

4 .5 3

12

57

43
42

3

4*39

237

5 .0 4 - 5 .9 7
5 .0 0 - 5 .9 2

86
85

2

5 .2 2

IA5
HELPERSt MAINTENANCE TRADES

1

5 .6 2
4 .9 8

1
1

125
124

76

1

7

3

15

43

14

152

50

39
12

122

107

1
4 .1 7 -

4 .8 0

10

15

2

1

79

28

28

58

43

39

37
35

~

*

NONMANUFACTURING
*•6 7

A . 67

4 .5 4

4 .0 4

643
640

5 .2 8
5 .2 8

5 .4 4

4 .9 8 -

5 .6 5

555
532

5 .6 3
5 .6 4

5 .6 5
5 .6 3

5 .0 4 -

6 .1 7

237
85

5C41

5 .2 5

4 *9 ^

t* l'

Ann
680

j
.
5.06

5 .2 3

4 .8 2

5 .3 7

309
306

5 .4 0
5 .4 0

5 .1 7
5 .1 7

'0 7
r 70
4 . 8 7 - 5.71

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------------

107

5 .3 5

5 .2 4

4 .6 9 -

w i r I * i i 1L ™ J f
—

313

5 .4 5

5 .3 6
5 .3 6

5 .0 3 - 5 .6 8
5 . 0 4 - 5 .7 1

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TO OLROOM —

‘
'O
9

35

38
19
19

1
1

50
49

12

37

94

48

72

219

28

10

-

6

40

25

24

143
143

17
17

78
78

-

**31

27

ZJ
76

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
28

19

17

_

6 .6 1

19

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1

1

12

15

fj
2l

3

4

69

*

15

8

91

32

10

9

6

-

J"

36

60

42
41

12
12

15

23

10

17

-

-

-

151

113
113

224
224

243
243

98
98

11
11

3

-

18

11,1 L n WPIvw

21
8

W

38
38

NO NM ANUFACTURING
4 .9 2

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA INTENANCE —

123

120
1 .0 4 5
1 .0 4 5

5 .3 5

4 .2 7

5 .4 6

5 .1 9
5 .1 8

5 .0 9
5 .0 9

4 .9 4 4 .9 4 -

5 .4 3
5.4 1

_

“

5 *2 5 -

5*06

5 .5 3
5 *6 f




3

3

2

3

4

37

*

tif

* Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $6.80 to $ 7; 11 at $ 7 to $ 7.20; and 1 at $ 7.80 to $ 8.
** Workers were distributed as follows: 1 at $6.40 to $6.60; and 30 at $6.60 to $6.80.
See footnotes at end of tables.

3

3

23

43

100

6

6

18
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o vem en t occu p atio n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a re a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is ., M a y 1972)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings3

(

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

*
1 .7 0

t

*
1 .8 0 1 .9 0

t

$

S

3 . A0 3 .6 0

3 .8 0

A . 00 A . 20 A . A0 A . 60 A . 80 5 .0 0

1 .7 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*
1 .6 0

Number
of

1 .B 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

A . 00 A . 20 A .A 0

“

-

8

30 2
3
299

3A5
9
336

355
3
352

16
1A
2

A7
AA
3

39
39

A5
A5

“

17
16
1

15
15

8

-

-

-

-

-

11

25

26

16

1A

S

$

S

t

S

t

t

5 .2 0

5 . A0 5 .6 0

$

and
under

and
*

o

CO

A . 60

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

-

-

5 . A0 5 .6 0

over

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 , 50A
A75
1 ,0 2 9

$
2 .6 A
3 .6 6
2 .1 6

$
2 .2 A
3 .6 9
2 .1 5

$
$
2 . 0 7 - 3.2 0
3 . 1 3 - A . 39
1 .9 8 - 2 .2 5

-

326

3 .6 8

3 .6 5

3 .2 6 -

A . 13

-

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

*

A2

86

A1
A1

7

6A
60
A

19
16
3

26
21
5

77

A9

2

1

39

A1

-

-

-

-

7

9

“

-

-

-

-

1A9

3 .6 3

3 .8 8

2 .8 0 -

A.A5

-

-

-

3

9

3

3

19

13

-

12

1

3

11

1A

20

38

-

-

-

-

-

-

JANITO RS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

2 ,6 1 9
1 .A 2 8
1 ,1 9 1
81
180

2 .9 0
3 .A 7
2 .2 1
A . 06
2 .6 9

3 .1 A
3 .A 7
1 .9 5
A . 01
2 .7 A

2 . 0 1 - 3 .5 8
3 .2 5 - 3.8 0
1 .7 5 - 2 .5 6
3 . 3 7 - A .A 9
2 .5 A - 2 .9 5

1A8

28 0

1A0

56

165
13A
31
5

283
252
31
17

326
319
7
3

21A
202
12
2
1

168
153
15
13
2

6A
52
12
12

99
96
3
3
-

70
A8
22
11
~

1
1
1
-

-

1
1

5
2
3

12
12
12
*

_

-

56

10 6
18
88

-

1A0

62
29
33

5

28 0

10A
58
A6

1

1A8

2A9
A7
20 2

-

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

3 ,7 3 9
2 ,6 8 5
1 .0 5 A
560

3 .9 1
3 .7 1
A . A3
5 .3 6

3 .7 9
3 .7 A
5 . A0
5 .A 5

3 .2 8 - A.A1
3 .3 1 - A . 08
3 .1 9 - 5.A 5
5 .A 2 - 5.A 7

352
3A2
10
-

516
A60
56
-

AA5
A09
36
32

99
93
6
-

329
328
1
1

113
68
A5
-

28
26
2
-

30
26
-

236
213
23
-

7
7
-

529
2
527
527

-

18
17
1
“

25
25
8

57
1
56
55

3A
3A
3A

10
10
10

2
2
-

l
1

5
5

21
21

7

9
9

_

4

6

A

-

18

10

5

77

66
20
46
3
22

20

_
*

*

-

1A6
1 AA
2

13

130
66
6A

119
59
60

A3A
381
53

12A
80

13

69
10
59

1

2

1

1

3

2

2

1

1

3
*

2

1

108
17
91
5

2AA
36
208
35

50
A7
3
1

126
116
10
1

101
93
8
-

6A
6*
-

66
66
“

3
3

73
73

90
72

61
36

105
105

181
181

2A2
2A2

61
61

62
2A

29
29

3
3

12
12

22

A2
37
5

30
13
17

A3
A2
1

50
39
11

A5
A2
3

36
35
1

32
28
6

5

4
i

A
3
1

2
2

-

-

20

-

_

-

-

:

_

-

2A

4

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

916
398
518
1A9

A . 00
3 .9 5
A .0 A
A . 72

3 .8 6
3 .9 5
3 .5 7
5 .1 A

3 . 5A—
3 .7 0 3 .5 0 3 .5 A -

A . 37
A . 09
A . 60
5 .3 2

PACKERS, SH IPPING ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

960
878

3 .9 A
3 .9 A

3 .9 6
3 .9 6

3 .6 1 3 .7 1 -

A . 17
A . 16

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

3A9
280
69

3 .8 7
3 .8 1
A . 10

3 .8 A
3 .8 3
3 .8 8

3 .A 3 - A .2 A
3 .3 9 - A . 20
3 .5 2 - 5 .1 8

S H IPPIN G CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

290
253

A . 06
A . 05

A . 03
A .0 A

3 .7 5 3 .7 7 -

A . 56
A . 55

35
21

2A
2A

57
51

31
31

27
21

2A
2A

30
2A

2A
2A

5
3

SH IPPIN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

26A
2A3

3 .9 7
3 .9 A

A . 02
A . 01

3 .7 6 - A . 19
3 .6 9 - A . 18

2A
23

1A
9

57
57

78
7A

33
31

10
10

4

6

_

-

6

TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

3 ,3 7 7
889
2 , A88
1,9 9 1
300

5 .0 3
A . 28
5 .3 0
5 .A 8
A . 77

5 .5 1
A . 29
5 .5 A
5 .5 5
A . 91

A .A 8 - 5 .5 6
3 .9 1 - A . 56
5 .A 9 - 5.5 8
5 . 5 2 - 5.5 8
A . 5 6 - 5.A 3

120
73
A7

33
33

-

10A
73
31

118
109

28A
185

86
28
58

“

3

31
68

78
27
51
7

5

227
151
76
A0
7

AA

58

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

20 A
12A
80

3 .8 1
3 .9 5
3 .5 8

3 .8 A
A . 23
3 .5 5

3 .5 3 - A . 26
3 .6 7 - A . 27
2 .6 8 - 3 .6 0

73
72

3
3

6
6

1

“

”

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

587
35A
233
111

A . 22
3 .9 6
A . 60
5 .0 5

A . 21
A . 01
A . 53
5 .6 0

3 .6 9 3 .5 6 A .22A .28-

52

1A8
75
73

* A ll workers were at $ 5.60 to $ 5.80.
See fo o tn o tes at end o f tables,




A.5A
A . A3
5 .6 0
5 .6 5

1

"

1

_

_

_

1

“

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
3

-

3

10
10
19
18
1

_
_

-

19
3

26
22

A

9

3

A2

18

9

_

-

18

6

-

A2

~

3

78

11
11

AA

73
5

72
28

66
66

11
A1

99

28
21
7

-

“
9

122
100
22

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

_

4

2
2

2
2

5
1

1
1

126 1699

273
36
237
235
2

-

9

126 1690
80 1595
95
*

1A

-

*

_

*

-

2

1A

*5 9

2

59

-

9
-

-

-

-

19
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m aterial m o vem en t o c c u p a tio n s -----C ontin u ed

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

%

Number
of

1 .6 0
Mean

2

Median2

Middle range 2

TRUCKDRIVERS -

*

*

1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0 2 .0 0

$
2 .2 0

S
2 .* 0

$
2 .6 0

%
2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

*

S
3 .2 0

3 .* 0

3 .* 0

3 .6 0

S
t
3 .6 0 3 .8 0

*
*.0 0

S
* .2 0

*
* .* 0

*
* .6 0

*
* .8 0

i

1 ---- *

i

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5 .* 0

and
under
1 .7 0

MEN -

S
1 .7 0

5 .6 0

and
1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0 2 . * 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .8 0 * . 0 0

* .2 0

* .* 0

* .6 0

* .8 0

5 ,0 0

5 .2 0

5 .*0

5 .6 0 over

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERSt HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
l *236
1 ,3 0 5
1 ,0 5 8
170

$
5 .3 0
* .5 2

$ _

$

$

5 .3 0 - 5 .5 7
* .3 5 - * .8 *
5 .5 0 - 5 .5 8
5 .5 2 - 5 .5 8
* . 9 * - 5 .* 8

2
1
1

1
1

5*51
5 .1 8

5 .2 *

5 .5 3

5 .0 3 -

5 .5 8

99

5 .5 1 -

3 .6 5 -

* .5 3

27

11

28

72

191

181

285

3 .3 8

4 .6 4

2*

8

10

19

18

60

29

16

77
58

66

58

112

965

109

112

96*
869
95

109
109

**

5 .5 9

* .0 1

107
107

t.
z

16
16

:

5*54
5 .5 5
5 .* 2

23

1

22

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
160
*5 9
414
2 ,3 6 9

5 .3 7
5 .4 6
L

M

*

8
8

13

66
55

26

37*
372

*5 8
*5 8

77
*0
37

181
180

5.56

^ ’ 99?
301

3 .9 3

3 .6 4

178
170

* .i*
A .n

28

3 2 * *1 0 5
8
36

56
56

26

3 .9 1

316
56

12

383
377

51

69

30
30

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN
3 .5 6 - * . 0 7

*0
*0

6^

36

WOMEN

592

2 .6 *

2 .* 5

369
8*
65

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----

2 .1 1
2 .5 8
2.U 9

2 .1 0
2 .5 0
2 .0 3

1 .9 * 3 .1 9 1 .7 9 2 .* 5 1 .8 5 -

3 .* *
3 .7 0
2 .* 2
2 .5 6
2 .2 5

31

65

*1

28

38

65

89

31

65

*1

27

37

65

85
76

* A ll workers were at $ 5.60 to $ 5.80.
See footnotes at end of tables.




3 *2 '

3*30

* 25
*

4 *0 ^

25
18

tv

n
0

3

**

h0

11
11

18
18

23
23

75
72

3

_

1-9
i

96

29
22

^3
15

11
10
1
1

17
17

36

9

9

8
8

1

-

-

-

-

-

20
T a b le A -5 a .

C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v em e n t o cc u p a tio n s —larg e e stab lish m e m s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re by in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)
Hourly eanlings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

t
1 .7 0

Mea"2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

t
t
1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2.0 C

*
2 .1 0

*

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
i
t
$
*
5
t
S
i
$
*

2 .2 0

2 .4 0 2 .6 0

2 .8 0 3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0 3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

I

4 .2 0 4 .4 0

*

*

i
4 .8 0 5 .0 0

4 .6 0

i

1

5 .2 0 5 .4 0

5 .6 0

and
under
1 .8 0

and
1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

5 ,2 0

3 .4 0

5 .6 0

over

-

-

-

-

7
-

-

-

”

*

3 ,0 0

3 ,2 0

3 .4 0

3 ,6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

MEN
GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN ----------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------

429
393

$
3.91
3.89

$
3.91
3.89

$
$
3.37- 4.47
3.37- 4.45

GUARDS
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

286

3.82

3.74

3.35- 4.42

WATCHMEN
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

3
1

8
5

24
24

17
16

72
72

15
15

45
45

64
60

19
16

26
21

86
77

41
41

1

5

16

16

60

14

42

49

2

1

39

41

8

5

7

28
14

8

5

7

14

2
-

a

-

12

1

3

11

14

20

38

-

-

-

-

-

-

92

177
160
17
17

155
148

196
184

133

64

1

3

6
-

-

-

7

12

52
12

70
48

1

118
15

81
78
3

22

3

-

13

12

3

11

-

“

6
6

-

2

1
1

1

-

113
68
45

20
18

30
4

236
213

7

-

-

-

-

-

2

26

23

7

25

57

34

1
56
55

34
34

10
10

107

4.09

4.23

3.83- 4.53

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS -MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------

1,029
883
146
72

3.66
3.67
3.62
3.95

3.70
3.70
3.68
3.96

3.333.353.013.37-

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A ND LI NG ------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2,023
1,524
499

3.87
3.99
3.48

3.77
3.81
3.31

3.47- 4.27
3.66- 4.29
2.78- 3.96

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

453
219
234
149

4.34
3.96
4.69
4.72

4.31
3.89
4.85
5.14

3.823.694.523.54-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

358
318

4.23
4.20

4.08
4.05

3.91- 4.41
3.89- 4.35

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

186
138

4.11
4.02

4.11
4.08

3.74- 4.49
3.76- 4.36

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------

120
109

4.29
4.23

4.19
4.14

3.99- 4.60
3.96- 4.52

-

-

-

SH IPPING AND RECE IV IN G CLERKS ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

84
70

4.27
4.24

4.17
4.16

4.06- 4.54
4.08- 4.38

_

_

_

TRUCKORIVERS
-----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

684
279
405
159

4.97
4.49
5.30
5.20

5.05
4.58
5.49
5.42

4.454.024.974.96-

5.60
5.03
5.65
5.48

4

TRUCKORIVERS, ME DIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

171
61
110
109

4.67
4.01
5.04
5.04

4.37
4 . Cl
5.60
5.61

4.153.644.274.27-

5.63
4.30
5.65
5.65

1

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

331
112
219

5.13
4.71
5.34

5.09
4.86
5.44

4.93- 5.49
4.43- 5.04
4.99- 5.56

* A ll workers were at $5.60 to $5.80.
See footn otes at end of ta b les.




3.94
3.90
4.23
4.41

81

-

2

13

57

64

-

-

57

64

113

86

242

478

258

1
54

60
53

42
44

232
10

422
56

222
36

94
88
6

155
154

53

84

40

83

40

16
16

66

18
35
35

43
42

-

18
17

5
5

-

55

5

13

11
5

1
1

1
1

-

-

66

1

“

-

25
8

77
77

80
80

61
61

52
14

6
6

3
3

1
1

1
1

5
5

21
21

2

7

9

-

5

7
4

l

-

3

1

2

5

1

2

1

1

96

4.89
4.06
5.17
5.32
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

_

_

2
2
1

1
1

25

23
23

24
19

12
7

13
13

27
22

27
24

23
22

27
23

5
4

4

1

1

_

_

-

-

1
1

6
6

22
22

31
31

16
16

13
13

10
4

6
6

_

_

37

12
12

4
4

4

6

35

-

6

-

34

57

35
30

14

86
28

118

4

100

-

58

18

4

26

1

1

n

-

9
3

3

3

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

3
3

-

9
9
-

31
31

9
9

9
9

-

-

4
4

-

24
21

31

3
3

3

8
8

16
16

i
i
-

7
7

15

7
7

-

58

41
41
40

10
5
5
5

8
1
7
7

9
9
-

13
13
-

22
22

-

2

-

2
2

-

3

5
-

42

10

1
95

-

4

-

169

95

-

*16 9

-

-

-

-

*

-

77

62

19
58

44

-

18

4

4

*57
57
57

96
1
95

*43
43

21
T a b le A -5 a .

C u sto d ial and m aterial m o v em e n t o cc u p atio n s —large e stab lish m e n ts-----C o ntin u ed

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs f o r s e le c te d occupations studied in esta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o rk e rs o r m o re by in d u stry d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)
Hourly earnings ^

$
1 .7 0

Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

TRUCKORIVERS -

t
1 .9 0

$

$

*

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0

4.0C

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

$
$
4 .6 0 4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

S
5 .2 0

*
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

over

and
under
1 .8 0

MEN -

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
S
S
s
$
$
$
t
*
*
*

*
1 .8 0

and
5 .0 0

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS• HEAVY (OVER A TONS*

$

$

$ __

$
*69
8

I t 483

56

151
29

177

430

40

160

23

75

6

17
17

9

9

3

377

WOMEN

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----

* A ll workers were at $5.60 to $5.80.
See footnotes at end of tables.




394

2 .9 7

2 .7 8

2 .3 0 - 3 .6 4

204
84
60

2 .3 4
2 .5 8
2 .1 3

2 .3 4
2 .5 0
2 .0 6

2 .2 1 - 2 .5 0
2 . 4 5 - 2 i5 6
1 .8 9 - 2 .3 2

5

12

8

12

8

12

g

9

10

61

85

10

61

81
76

I f)

8
J

20

7

11

18

3

1

8

-

-

-

-

-

22

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

T a b le B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o r k e rs

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women officew orkers, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1972)
Other inexperienced clerical workers 5

Inexperienced typists

A ll
schedules

Establishments studied----------------------------------------

A ll
schedules

40

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

A ll
industries

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-time sa la ry 4

A ll
schedules

40

All
schedules

40

40

216

94

XXX

122

XXX

216

94

XXX

122

XXX

92

50

47

42

27

122

61

55

61

42

.
1
1
2
4
5
7
4
14

6

7
2
7
-

3
2
-

1
_
1
4
1
5
2
3
3
2
4
2
5
-

.
1
_
1
3
1
3
_
1
2
1
3
2
2
-

1
2
1
3
4
7
10
11
11
24
6
7
3
6
2
6
-

5
6
15
4
6
3
2
2
-

.
_
_
1
1
_
5
4
6
15
3
5
3
2
2
-

„
.
1
2
1
6
4

6

_
_
_
1
1
3
2
2
11
3
6
5
3
-

1
2
1
2
2
7
4

8

_
1
1
4
2
2
11
3
6

$ 105. 00 ------- ----------------------$ 110. 00— ------------------------------ —
$ 115. 00— --------------------------------$ 120.00____________________________
$ 125. 00 ______ —
_______
$ 130. 00— --------------------------------$ 135. 00____________________________
$ 140. 00__________________________
________________
__ _______

3
3
2
2
1
1
4
2

2
1
1
1
1
1
2
-

1
2
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

_

2
2

2
2
3
2
2
1
3
3

1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1

Establishments having no specified minimum____________

27

11

XXX

16

XXX

43

20

XXX

23

XXX

97

33

XXX

64

XXX

51

13

XXX

38

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum--------------—
—
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$62. 50
$ 65. 00
$67. 50
$ 70.00
$72. 50
$ 75. 00
$77. 50
$80. 00
$ 82. 50
$ 85.00
$87. 50
$ 90. 00
$92. 50
$95. 00
$ 97. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

$ 100.00
$ 105. 00
$ 110. 00
$ 115.00
$ 120. 00
$ 125. 00
$ 130. 00
$ 135. 00
$ 140. 00

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

$ 60. 00 ---------------------------------- $ 62. 50
------------------------------ $65. 00
____________ _________
$ 67. 50--------------------------------------$70. 00 ______ ___________________ —
$72.50
_________ ____________
$75. 00
-------------- ------------------—— .
$77. 50--------------—
$80. 00.----— - --------------------------- $82. 50------------------------- -------------$ 85. 00—---------------------------$ 87. 50
- --- —
$90. 00—---------------------------------- —
$ 92. 50------------------------------------ —
$95. 00------------------------------------ —
$97. 50 -----------------------------------$ 100. 00 — --------------------------------- -

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

6

2

1
1
1
1
1
1
2
-

2
2

-

_
_
1
2
_
6

_
1
1
_

1
1
1
2
1

6

5

5
9
2
1
_
4
2
4
-

2
6
1
1

1
1
2
_
1
1

_

3
1
2
1
_

2
_
_

1

_

.

1
2

1
2

Establishments which did not employ workers

See footnotes at end of tables







T a b le B - 2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

(L ate-sh ift pay provisions for manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Milwaukee, W is., May 1972)
lA lIjJ la n t w o r k e r s ^ J n jn a n u fa c t u r in g ^ s ^ O O jie r c e n t )^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
Percent of manufacturing plantworkers—

Late-shift pay provision

In establishments having provisions 7
for late shifts
Second shift

92. 7

Third or other
shift

85. 8

Actually working on late shifts
Second shift

19.9

Third or other
shift

5. 7

No pay differential for work on late sh ift—— -

0. 3

_

(e)

P a y differential for work on late sh ift---------

92.4

85. 8

19. 8

5. 7

Uniform cents (per hou r)-------------------

77. 6

65.9

17.4

4. 3

5 cents —
----------------------------------—
6 cents ---------------------------------- 7 or 7 V2 cents_______________________
8 or 8V2 cents—-------------------------—
10 cents-------------------------------------11 cents— — —_— —— — — —
—
12 cents______________________________
13 cents______________________________
14 cents______________________________
15 cents___________________________ __
16 cents______________________________
17 cents-------------------------------------18 cents—-----------------------------------19 cents______________________________
20 cents______________________________
22 or 23 cents---------------------------—
25 cents______________________________
28 or 30 cents_______________________
38 or 40 cents_______________________
48 cents— ---------------------------------—
50 cents--------------------------------------

1. 3
2. 1
1. 4
1.9
11. 3
5. 9
6. 8
11. 3
4. 6
23. 5
2. 2

.1
.1
.3
.3
2. 7
1. 6
1. 5
2.9
1. 0
5.7
.2
.5
.2
.2
.1

_
. 1
.6
.4
.8
.3
.1
.1
1. 2
.2
.1
.1
.1
.8

Type and amount of differential:

Uniform percentage____________________
5 percent__________________________—
•
6 percent__________________________—
7 percent____________________________
8 percen t----------------------------------—
9 percen t-----------------------------------10 percent----------------------------------Other form al pay differential________

See footnotes at end of tables.

2. 4
.7
1. 3
.9

3. 1
5.9
11. 6
10. 8
3. 0
3. 7
1. 0
17. 8
1. 8
2. 9
1. 3
.7
1. 3
.9

13. 1

13. 1

2. 2

3. 3
6. 0
“
3. 7

1. 0
1. 1
3. 9
7. 1

.2
1. 3
.7

(8)
. 1
.4
.3

1. 7

6.8

.2

.6

-

-

-

24

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s

(Percent distribution of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of first-sh ift workers, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972)
Plantworkers
Weekly hours and days

A ll industries

100
Under 35 hours— 5 days— _ — —
__
35 hours— 5 days
__
_
___
36Vi hours— 5 days------------------------------------36'/ hours— 5 days___
a
. ________
37 hours---3 days
-„
- 37Vz hours— 5 days____ —
- —----_ .
.
38 V2 hours— 5 days____
38% hours— 3 days
______
______
40 hours________ ____ ________ _ __________ ______
4 days __ ________ ______ ___________________ _
5 d a y s _______________________ _ _ ______
5 V2 days----------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 42 V2 hours— 5 days________
42 V2 hours— 5 days_______________________ ____—
Over 42V2 and under 44 hours---------- ,------- ---5 days___— — — — — —_— _______■ — --■
5 l/ z da ys_ ___ ___ ________________________
_
44 hours________________ ____________ ______
5 days_________ __________ ______ ~
--5V2 d ay s _________, _____ _______ __________
_
45 hours _ _
____
________________ __
5 days
. __
6 days.. __ . . ___________________
48 hours_____ -___ __________________ _____ ____
5 V2 days
.
.
. . . . . .
6 days___ ________ __________ ______________
____
___ __ _
Over 48 hours
_ ___
5 days _ M
T
5 V2 days------------------------------- —— — -----6 days

See footnote at end of tables.




(9)
1
1
1
4
(?)
(9)
83
( 9)
82
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
(9)
2
1
1
1
( 9)
1
1
(?)
( 9)
1

Manufacturing

100
(9)

1
-

5

83
81
2
2
1
2
1
2
(9)
(9)
2
1
1
1
1
1
-

Officeworkers

Public utilities

A ll industries

M anufa c tur i ng

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

4
4
4
1
1
80

n

-

100
100
-

2
21
77
77
-

92
-

92

-

80
2
3
3
-

7
7

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1

Retail trade

-

1
1
-

1

(9)
13
7
78
78
( 9)
-

5
-

2
93
-

93

(9)
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

T a b le B - 4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la r.tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b e r of paid h o lid a y s
p ro v id e d an n ually, M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)

P lantwo rke r s
Item

A ll workers-------------

A ll industries

----------------

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays — _ — ____ ____ __ — — ___
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays. ___ . . . . ________ _.

Manufacturing

O ffic ewo rke r s

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

99

100

85

99

99

100

99

4

1

-

15

(9)

( 9)

-

1

1
3
9

2
53
2

(?)
(9)
9
3
2
1
(9)
4
1
2
( 9)
12
3
3
1
14
1
5
25
1
8
1
2
(9)

-

6
-

Number of days
4 holidays
_
_
_
5 holidays
.
. __
. ..
6 holidays.
.
. . . . .
6 holidays plus 1 half d a y _ ______________— ___
6 holidays plus 2 half days__ . . ___
6 holidays plus 3 half days. .. ------ .
6 holidays plus 4 half days.. . . . .
7 holidays
7 holidays plus 1 half day------------------ ---------7 holidays plus 2 half days___ - ---- — - —
7 holidays plus 3 half days.
8 holidays
8 holidays plus 1 half day .
.
. . .
8 holidays plus 2 half days. ___ . _ ..
8 holidays plus 3 half days___________ ____ —
__
9 holidays _
__ _ ___________ __ ___
9 holidays plus 1 half day____________ . ..
9 holidays plus 2 half days_____________ ._______
10 holidays --------------- --------— ---------— ____
—
10 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days_______
11 holidays.. . . .
11 holidays plus 2 half days-------------------------12 h o l i d a y s
._
----.
-----13 holidays plus 1 half day-----— ----------— —

(!)
(’ )
14
( 9)
2
(’ )
7
2
(’ )
11
1
2
17
1
1
21
1
13
3
"

2
1
2
“
2
5
1
2
26
1
1
30
1
20
4
“

63
7
18
“

18
10
*
”

1

0
(9)
-

5

4

-

-

1

6
1
1
2
23
1
2
34
2
117
3

_

2
1
48
(9)
“
1
38
“

1
-

57
1
1
4
n
13
“
12
~
“

Total holiday time 1
0
131/* days

. — ~ ---- . . .
. —
12 days or more
- —
—
11 days or m ore_____ ________________ _ ______
I 0 V2 days or more
10 days or m ore . ...
..
___
9 V2 days or m ore.
. .. .. _.
9 days or m ore 8 V2 days or m ore---- --- -----------------------------8 days or more ____
___—
----— —
7 V2 days or m ore.______________________________
7 days or m ore
. ~ _____ . __ .
6V2 days or m o re --------- — -------------------------6 days or m o re. ___
______________________
5 days or m o r e ---------— -----------------------------4 days or m ore. . . .
. ---

See footnotes at end o f ta b le s .




3
16
17
39
40
59
60
73
73
81
81
95
95
96

4
24
25
56
57
85
86
93
93
97
97
99
99
99

18
18
24
24
87
87
96
99
100
100
100

10
10
31
31
84
84
85

(9)
4
12
13
42
44
61
64
78
81
87
90
98
98

3
22
22
58
62
85
86
93
93
98
98
99
99

99

99

38
38
39
40
90
90
94
94
100
100
100

12
12
12
12
25
29
41
42
98
98
99

26

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay p r o v is io n s , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)

Plantworkers
Vacation policy

Office workers

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

99
86
14

100
79
21

100
100
-

( 9)

-

Under 1 week__________ __________
____
__
1 week
__________ __________ ______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_________ __________
2 weeks_______________________________________

16
14
-

A fter 1 year of service
1 week___ _ _______ _______ _ _ _ __ _ _ ___ .
_
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks.____________ ________
2 weeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____ _____________
3 weeks_________________________________ _ __
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks.—
._________________ —
A fter 2 years of service
1 week________ _ _■■_■■■ _____ ______ _ a ______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_____________________
2 weeks__________ __... . . _____ _____ _________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks___
.. . .
. ____ _
__
Over 3 and under 4 weeks

A ll workers.

___ -

__ —___.

_

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

100
98
2

100
96
4

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

1

-

-

24
6
-

14
-

40
-

3
58
( 9)
2

3
49
1
1

31
-

_
66
-

77
7
13
1
1

83
8
6
2
1

50
31
19
-

64
35
-

33
2
64
( 9)
(9)

39
4
56
1
n

65
1
34
-

36
64
-

33
1
1
52
3
1
1

41
14
42
1
2
1

16
53
31
-

17
3
79
*

4
2
93
1
(9)

6
4
89
1
( 9)

(9)
99
1
-

6
2
93
_
-

7
6
76
9
1
1

7
8
72
11
2
1

3
66
31
-

10
89
-

1
2
91
6
<9)

1
3
83
12
( 9)

_
99
1
_
-

5
95
-

5
5
77
9
2
1

5
7
73
11
3
1

3
66
31
-

9
91
-

1
2
90
6
1
-

1
3
82
12
2
-

_
99
1
-

5
95

(9)
(9)
79
1
1
7
1
1

76
14
8
1
2

63
27
5
4
“

1
93
5

75
8
16
( 9)
(9)

74
11
15

_
_
96
3
1
-

.
86
_
14

Retail trade

A ll industries

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vac at i on s.______ .____________ __. __ ____
Length-of-tim e payment______ ______ _______
Percentage payment _______ _________ ___
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations _______ __________________

-

Amount of vacation pay 1
1
A fter 6 months of service

A fter 3 years of service
1 week.._____ _
_. _ ____ ______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_______________ _ ____
,
, .___ T___T
,
___ ___________
2 weeks___ ____— .
Over 2 and under 3 weeks___________________ __
3 w eeks.. .
... _ .. ____ __ __ ____
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks..._ __ _____ _
_
A fter 4 years of service
1 week___
.
______________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks . .
_. .
2 weeks.
_ __ ___ .
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s .____________________
3 weeks_______________ ._______ _____________ __
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________ ________

-

A fter 5 years of service
1 w eek .______ _______ _______________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
.............
2 weeks________ _____ _____________ ____ ____ ___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks______________________
3 weeks______________________________ ______ _
Over 3 and under 4 weeks______________________
4 weeks
See footnotes at end of tables,




-

-

-

( 9)

-

*

Table B-5

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y vacatio n p ay p r o v is io n s , M ilw a u k e e ,

W is ., M a y 1972)

O ff ic e wo r ke r s

Plantworkers
Vacation policy

A ll industries

Manufacturing

n
9
3
72
11
5

_
4
4
72
12
7

_
1
62
37
"

1
17
81
-

_
8
( 9)
83
5
4

4
(’ )
79
10
6

1
98
1
“

10
90
”

(’ )
6
3
74
9
7
1

2
4
72
10
10
2

_
1
62
37
*

1
15
83
-

_
6
(9)
79
8
5
2

2
(9)
78
7
9
4

1

10
90

(’ )
3
49
7
33
4
3

_
1
41
11
40
3
4

_
1
52
16
31

1
9
67
23

_
3
56
8
29
2
2

1
47
8
36
5
3

1
85
14
1

(9)
3
12
2
61
8
9
1

1
8
3
65
9
7
2

i
4

1
9
19

5
12

51
19

97
1
(9)

82
2

3

4

-

-

1
5
<9)
75
5
8
4
1
1

1
1

59
31
5

3
10
(9)
76
2
6
2
(’ )
1

-

-

(9)
3
9
1
32
6
40
5
1
3

_
1
6
1
26
6
48
7
1
4

1
4
15
31
49

1
9
18

_
3
7

_
1
2

_
1
1

_
5
11

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

Amount of vacation pay u-— Continued
A fter 10 years of service
1 week-_________ -____ -___ _ ______________
2 weeks__________
—
___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks______________________
3 weeks______ __ ______ ____ __________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks____ —______ _________
4 weeks........ ..................................................... ~
A fter 12 years of service
1 week______
_ __ _
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks______________________
3 weeks___ ___
_ ___
___ _ __ _ __
Over 3 and under 4 weeks________________ .____
4 weeks __
___ _ _ _
____ . __
Over 4 and under 5 weeks

-

98
1
-

-

-

A fter 15 years of service
1 week
.
.
2 w eeks.
____ . . .
3 weeks____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks_______ .______________
4 weeks________________________________________
5 weeks___

_ _

__

___ _ ___

-

_
5
90
5
-

A fter 20 years of service
2 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
_
_____ _ ____
4 weeks________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks ______________________
5 weeks_____ _____ _____ ________ ___________ _
Over 6 weeks______________________________ ___
A fter 25 years of service
1 week______ __
2 weeks____ ___
3 weeks___ _
Over 3 and under
4 weeks__ —_
Over 4 and under
5 weeks —
Over 5 and under
6 weeks _
Over 6 weeks.

___________ __
_
_
___ ________ _________
____ ________ ____
4 weeks______________________
_ ___
5 weeks_______ ______________
. . _______
6 weeks---------------------------__
_ _
_
_ _
_ _

See footnotes at end o f ta b le s.




-

-

-

-

-

52

35
5
46
3
1
1

27
4
57
6
1
1

24
1
73
-

82

-

-

-

19

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

Table B-5

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay p r o v is io n s , M ilw a u k e e ,

W is ., M a y 1972)

Offic e wo rke r s

Plantworkers
Vacation policy

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

Amount of vacation pay 1 — Continued
1
A fter 30 years of service
1 week.
2 w eeks

_

__

_

_

_

O ver

_

.

___
__

3 w eeks

...

.............

3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s

4 w eeks..
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s

5 weeks
O ver

.

___

.

.

__

.

.

3 and u n d er 3 w e e k s

6 weeks .
Over 6 weeks

.
_

.
.

.

.
.

.

_

n
3
9
1
30
4
34
7
9
3

i
6
1
23
2
39
10
14
4

n
3
9
1
30
4
33
4
12
4

1
6
1
23
2
37
6
18
6

_

1
4

1
9
18

-

-

14
31
50
-

52
19
-

_

1
9
18

_
3
7
32
1
48
4
6
1

_

i
2
-

23
1
52
8
12
1

_
1
1
23
1
74
-

-

_

5
1
1
-

82
2
-

Maximum vacation available
1 w eek

----

w eeks ___
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 w eeks. _ _
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks.
5 w eeks
. __________ _______ ______________
Over 5 and under 6 weeks
6 weeks
.
.
Over 6 weeks_
. . .
2

See footnotes at end o f tables




___ ____

_

1
4
-

_

_

_

3
7

1
2

1
1

_

5
11

-

-

-

-

-

14
31
50

52

82

-

-

-

22
1
50
5
15
4

23
1
74

-

32
1
46
2
7
2

-

19

-

2

-

-

-

-

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r pen sion b en efits, M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972)

Plantworkers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

A ll workers.

..

... _ ______ _

A ll industries

Officeworkers

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Retail trade

A ll industries

100

100

100

Manufa c tur i ng

Public utilities

Retail trade

__ ..

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below________ ___

99

100

100

96

99

100

99

99

91
73

97
77

99
94

71
53

95
69

99
78

99
87

71
47

73
59

82
66

70
68

47
35

69
49

83
66

55
54

45
29

91

97

87

75

87

90

99

76

78
59

96
73

49
33

34
24

59
36

77
53

41
10

19
7

L ife insurance________ _ _____________________
Noncontributory plans____________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
Noncontributory plans_____________._______
Sickness and accident insurance or
____
sick leave or both1 . ___ ___
3
Sickness and accident insurance_________
Noncontributory plans___ __________
Sick leave (full pay and no

100

100

16

13

12

22

59

57

63

44

______

8

1

41

23

12

8

34

29

Long-term disability insurance______________
Noncontributory plans_______
___

12
9
96
68
96
68
91
66
76
50

14
11
100
72
100
72
95
70
81
56
3
2
85
78

100
84
100
84
100
84
71
55
38
11
84
69

10
4
84
45
84
44
77
44
63
26
12
5
70
59

39
23
97
60
97
60
93
60
91
48
5

44
30
100
70
100
70
96
69
95
52
5
2
92
79

~
99
97
99
97
99
97
94
92
7
2
84
55

14
1
72
34
72
33
58
33
48
9
14
83

Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)_________________

Noncontributory plans____________________
Surgical insurance______ ____________ ______
Noncontributory plans_____ ______________
Medical insurance----------------------------------Noncontributory plans ______ _ ____________
Major medical insurance____________ ________
Noncontributory plans___________________ _
Dental insuranc e _________________ _____
Noncontributory plans__________ ___
Retirement pension___ _______________ _____
Noncontributory plans._________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




8
2
80
71

2

89
71

68

30

Footnotes
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r an d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e rh o r e than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e i v e le s s than th e r a te show n.
T h e m id d le
ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
4
T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r sta n d a rd
w o rk w e e k s.
5 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , e v e n th ough the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the s a m e am oun t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a
0
t o ta l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s and no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s
th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
1
t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n . F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n ge s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e ch a n ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t im a t e s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r . " N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly th o s e p la n s fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r . E x c lu d e d a r e le g a l l y r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
3
lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y th at can be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l s ic k
le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, inter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. ' Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Perform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerica lly processing com­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or m ore routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated: checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
matter files. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

Class C. Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards ma­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o( customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PA Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for oilers and plumbers.

31

unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clearly identified material in files and fo r ­
clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

32
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.

N O TE; The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate o ffice rs” for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or *
1

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting proce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.

Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerica l and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine in­
quiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons; or

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer lev el, over either a m ajor
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or~a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or
5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational
unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; ^ r
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.
Class D

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secreta ry " possess the above characteristics.
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)

f.

Class A

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); c>r
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)

Examples

a.

Positions which do not meet the "personal" secretary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or sub­
stantially m ore complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

STENOGRAPHER
Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine
Operator, General).
N O TE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs m ore
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerica l duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records,
or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.

33
S T E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic Accounting M achine O p e ra to r)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, proce­
dures, file s, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible clerica l tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ited " telephone information service
occurs i f the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
A lso excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.

Class A . Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences of long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prewired boards.
Class B. Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rger and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C . Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TYPIS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Typing material in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or responsibility fo r correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet
special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or program er; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.
F or wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minim ize downtime;
the programs are of complex design so that identification of e rro r source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to low er level operators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new programs required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In common error situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
programed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described fo r class A . May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine programs. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May assist higher level operator on complex programs.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program er develops the precise in ­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation

34
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — Continued

of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters
programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skil'l used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or program ers prim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level program ers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Program s (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program 'deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level programer by independently p er­
forming less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to ve rify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
programers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall
operations. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and programing should be clas­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems in­
volving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COM PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — Continued

every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of m ajqr systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problem s are of limited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. F or example,
may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities o f m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during progress.
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by perform ing one or more
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the performance of most or all of the following tasks: Assembling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.

35
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

Electronic equipment or systems worked on typically include one or m ore of the following: '
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; e le c ­
tronic computers; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to i l l or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsmen, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of elec­
trical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of w iring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

1 Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and r e frig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or
tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation, sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most_of_the_following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dis­
assembling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills , or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in auto­
m obile repair shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illwright's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAIN TER , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

36
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

PIP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.
SH E ET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,' fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
PACKER, SHIPPING— Continued

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of employees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fix ­
tures or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and file s.
F or wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping’ clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

LABORER, M A TE R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or warehouse helper)

shelver; trucker;

stockman or stock helper;

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as; Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under lVz tons)
medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than 'trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a r e s u rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile su p p lies la s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y, Ga.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity , M ich .
A m a r illo , T e x .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u gu sta, G a —S.C .
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B rid g e p o r t, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C h a rle sto n , S.C.
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C olu m b ia, S.C .
C olum bus, G a —A la .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is .
S
D urham , N .C .
E l Paso, T ex.
E ugen e, O r e g .
F a r g o — o o rh ea d , N . Dak.—M inn.
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itch b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .— kla.
O
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d .- P a .- W . Va.
H
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
G r e e n s b o ro — inston Salem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r ris b u r g , P a .
H u n ts ville , A la .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

C o p ie s o f public r e le a s e s a re

L ared o , T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L e x in g to n , K y.
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d .-V a .
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E scan ab a, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean and S o m e rs e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N ew London— roto n — o rw ic h , Conn.
G
N
N o r th e a s te r n M ain e
Ogden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
O xnard— en tu ra, C a lif.
V
P an am a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o rts m o u th , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R en o, N e v .
S a cra m en to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a r a , C a lif.
S h re v e p o rt, L a .
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
C
H
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
T op ek a , K an s.
T u cson , A r i z .
V a lle jo — apa, C a lif.
N
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D e l —N .J.—M d.

T h e tw e lfth annual r e p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a lys ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l,
b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n icia n s , d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N a tio n a l
S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, fr o m the Su perintendent o f
D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash ington , D .C ., 20402, o r any o f its r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s .




☆

U . S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1 9 7 2 ^ 7 4 6 -1 8 3 /2 1




A r e a W a g e S u rv ey s
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y o f a re a w age studies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the req u e st
o f the E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep artm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lletin s m a y be p u rch ased fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, July 1971 1 __________________________________
A lb a n y-S ch en ecta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1972 1 ______________________
A lle n to w n —B eth leh em —E aston , P a.—N .J ., M ay 1.971----A tla n ta , G a., M a y 1972 1__________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1971---------------------------------------Beaum ont—P o r t A rthu r—
-Orange, T e x ., M ay 1972--------B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1971 1____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1971______________________________
B oston, M a s s ., A u g. 1971_________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1971______________________ _____________
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1971_________________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 1972 1 ------------------------------------------C h a rle s to n , W. V a ., M a r . 1972 1_________________________
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1972 1_______________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1971---------------------------C h ica go , III., June 1971 1 ______________-_________________ —
C in cin n ati, O h io -K y .—In d ., F e b . 1972-------------------------C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1971------------------------ -------------C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1971---------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1971____________________________________
D aven p ort— ock Is la n d -M o lin e , Iowa—III., F e b . 1972 L .
R
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1971 1_________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1971-------------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F e b . 1972------------------------------------------D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1 ________________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H olly w o od and W est P a lm
B ea ch , F la ., A p r . 1972 1----------------------------------------F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1971-------------------------------------G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1971--------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972---------------------------------------H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1972_________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b r u a r y 1972 1 -----------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1971-------------------------------------J ack son, M is s ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1971------------------------------------K ansas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1971—; ---------------------- L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a ss.—N .H ., June 1972 1----------L it t le Rock—N orth L it t le R ock , A r k ., July 1971---------L o s A n g e le s —L on g Beach and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., M a r . 1972-----------------------------L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1971 1 ------------------------------L u bbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1 ............................. ...................
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1971-------------------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k ., N o v . 1971 1----------------------------M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1971.................................................... .....
M id lan d and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1972 1----------------------M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1972 1 ------------------------------------1

B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1685-75,
1725-77,
1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1685-70,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1725-3,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725- 18,
1725-81,
1725-4,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1725-83,

45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
45 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M in n ea p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn ., Jan. 1972 1--------------------M u skegon— u skegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1971__________
M
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1 9 7 2 *______________
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 ____________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1972_______________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1971...................................................
N o r fo lk ^ P o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1972____ __________ __________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1971 1________ ____ ___________
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1971 1 ___________ ______________
P a t e r s o n - C lif t o n - P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1971______________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1971 1_______________________
P h o en ix, A r i z . , June 1971_____________________ ____________
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1971 1 _________________ ____________
P o rtla n d , O re g .—W ash ., M ay 1971__________ _____________
P o u g h k eep sie—K in gston —N ew b u rg h ,
N .Y ., June 1972 1
___________________________________________
P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu cket—W a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s .,
M a y 1972------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1971___________________________________
R ich m on d , V a., M a r. 1972 1________________________________
R o c h e s te r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu p ation s o n ly ), July 1971 1
R o c k fo r d , I II ., M ay 1971................................... .....................
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r . 1972_____________________________
Salt L ak e C ity , Utah, N o v . 1971___________________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972_______________________________
San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e —O n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
D ec. 1971__________________________________________-...........—
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 1971 1 ......... ............ ........................
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., O ct. 1971*______________
San J ose, C a lif., M a r. 1972_________________________________
Savannah, Ga., M ay 1972 1------------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1971_______ ___________________________
S eattle—E v e r e tt, W ash., Jan. 1972________________________
Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., D ec. 1971___________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ay 1972 1_______________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1971________________________________
S y ra c u s e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 _________ ____ _________________
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., N ov. 1971 1 _______________
T o le d o , Ohio—M fch ., A p r . 1972 1--------------------------------T re n to n , N .J .t Sept. 1971__________________________________
U tica—R o m e , N .Y ., July 1971 1 ____________________________
W ashington, D .C .—M d.—V a ., A p r . 1971___________________
W a te rb u ry, Conn., M a r. 1972 ' ____________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N o v . 1971------------------------------------------W ich ita, K an s., A p r . 1972 1________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M a y 1972 1____________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1972 1......... ...................................................
Y o u n g s to w n -W a rre n , Ohio, N ov. 1971 1------------- ------ —

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e
1725-45,
1685-82,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1725-5,
1725-72,
1725-7,
1685-79,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,

30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1685-88,
1725- 10,
1725-31,
1725-78,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

F IR S T

CLASS

M A IL

B U R E A U OF LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S

POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E USE, $30 0





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102