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A R E A W AGE S U R V E Y
T h e M i l w a u k e e , W i s c o n s i n , M e tr o p o lit a n A r e a ,
May 1 9 7 0

B u lle t in
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

1 6 6 0 -7 4

BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
* Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
J. D . Hodgson, Secretary
BU REA U O F LABO R STA TISTIC S
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




A R EA W AGE SU R VEY
T h e M i l w a u k e e , W i s c o n s i n , M e tr o p o lit a n A r e a ,
May 1 9 7 0

B u lle t in

1 6 6 0 -7 4
Septem ber 19 70

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 50 cents




P r e f a c e

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e data
o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ­
tary wage p r o v is io n s .
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r
the U n it e d S t a t e s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l
c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

A t t h e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n p r e ­
sents s u r v e y r e s u lts f o r e a ch a r e a stu died .
A fte r c o m p le tio n o f all
o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , t w o s u m ­
m a r y b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f the

m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The second presents
i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h as b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a data to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and th e U n ite d S t a t e s .
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In e a c h
a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a ge p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in M i l w a u k e e ,
W i s . , in M a y 1970.
T h e Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as
d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s
o f M i l w a u k e e , O z a u k e e , W a s h i n g t o n , a nd W a u k e s h a C o u n t i e s .
T h is
s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. ,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d r o w C . L i n n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D ir e c t o r fo r O p era tion s.

C o n t e n t s

Page
I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1
5

T a b les:
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a nd s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




NOTE:

S im i l a r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o th e r a r e a s .

(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r . )

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e M i l w a u k e e a r e a
a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r p o w e r l a u n d r i e s ( A p r i l 1 9 6 8 ) , the m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s ( O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 ) , and a uto
d e a l e r r e p a i r s h o p s ( A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 ). U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
b u il d in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and
allied occu pation s.

4
6

C o n t e n t s -------- C o n t i n u e d
Page
T a b le s — C on tin ued
A.

B.

O ccu pational earn ings:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A -la .
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n and w o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------l
m
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A -2a.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a n d w o m e n _____________________________________________________________
A - 3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________________________________________
m
A - 3a.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ______________________________________
l
m
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
A -4a.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------l
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A -5a.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------l

7
10
12
14
15
17
18
19
20
21

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - 1.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________________________________________
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -4 .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -7.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a n d f r e q u e n c y o f p a y m e n t _________________________________________________________________________________________

23
24
25
26
27
30
31




iv

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tistic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of occu p a tio n a l earn ings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
services.
M a jo r in d u stry gro u p s ex clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i. o n s s t u d i e d t o w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S ep arate tabulations are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ire d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in gs f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
The a ve ra ge s p resen ted re fle ct co m p o s ite , areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f fin g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g th e da ta ,
h o w e v e r , all esta b lish m e n ts a re g iven th eir a pp ropria te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccupations

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow ing types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
da t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
1

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and not the n u m b e r
actu a lly su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n l y t o in d ic a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.
E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

I n c lu d e d in th e 9 0 areas are fo u r stu d ies c o n d u c t e d u n d er c o n t r a c t w ith th e N ew Y o r k State

D e p a rtm e n t o f L abor.

T h ese areas are B in g h a m ton (N e w Y o r k p o r tio n o n ly ); R o c h e s t e r ( o f f i c e o c c u ­

p a tion s o n ly ) ; S y ra cu se; and U t i c a — R o m e .
In a d d it io n , the Bureau co n d u c ts m o re li m it e d area studies
in 78 areas at the req u est o f the W a g e and H ou r and P u b lic C on tra cts D iv is io n s o f the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f Labor.




1

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th e y
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e

2
p a r t o f the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h olid a ys actu ally gran ted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show total h o lid a y t i m e .

w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
( in c l u d i n g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs"
i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or re la ted functions.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s ( ta b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d t o a
statistical m e a s u re of va cation p r o v is io n s .
It is n o t in t e n d e d as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r pa y m en t on
o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a tic a l" benefits beyond b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l en tra n ce ra te s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l data ( ta b le B - Z ) a r e l i m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p ly in g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

D ata o n h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h i c h the e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u ch p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fund o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p la n , e v e n if l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f the p la n .
Le­
ga lly r e q u ir e d pla n s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p ly in g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Scheduled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su ra n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym en ts a re m ade d ir e c t ly
to the i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a id s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y
and no w a it in g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l pa y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d to t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a ll
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f i n d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rounding.

D a ta on p a id h o l i d a y s ( ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u gh t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f . T h e f i r s t
2
d ition s:

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o l ic y i f it m e t e it h e r o f the fo l lo w i n g
(1 ) O p e r a te d la te shifts at the t im e o f th e su rvey , o r (2 ) h a d fo r m a l p rov ision s c o v e r in g

la te shifts.
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g fo r m a l p rov ision s i f it (1 ) h a d o p e r a t e d la te
shifts du ring the 12 m on th s p r io r t o the su rvey , o r ( 2 ) h a d p rov ision s in w ritte n fo r m fo r o p e r a tin g
la te shifts.




con ­

T h e te m p o r a r y
co n tr ib u tio n s .

d is a b ility

law s

in

C a lifo r n ia

and

R h od e

Island

do

n ot

req u ire

e m p lo y e r

A n esta b lis h m e n t was c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a fo r m a l p la n i f it e sta b lis h e d at le a st the
m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ick le a v e a v a ila b le t o e a c h e m p l o y e e .
S u ch a p la n n e e d n ot be
w ritte n , but in fo rm a l s ick le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b asis, w ere e x c lu d e d .

3

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plans.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r nonprofit o rg a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e pa id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o rk e r's life .
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( ta b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e and i n ­
centive s y s te m s .
U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e is p a id
to a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be pa id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o is p r o v i d e d o n the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In the a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p la n s is p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f the l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p la n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a id
f o r e a c h unit o f o utp ut. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s th an s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a tio n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is r e p r e s e n t s p a y m en ts b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a lu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s ta t e d s a l a r y
plu s a p e r c e n t a g e .

table

D a ta
B -7.

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rovided

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

and

w o rk e rs

w ith in

scope

o f su rv e y

and

n u m b e r s tu d ie d

by

in M i l w a u k e e , W i s . ,

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

m a jo r in d u s try

d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 0

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y*

S tu d ie d
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

A ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------

-

1, 091

210

305, 205

100

1 95 , 7 24

5 3 , 721

1 80 , 178

M ^ n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5---------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ------------S e r v i c e s 8--------- --------------------------------------------------------

50
-

508
583

97
113

1 93 , 139
112, 0 66

63
37

1 30 , 9 25
6 4 , 7 99

2 7 , 9 42
2 5 , 7 79

1 1 6 ,9 9 6
6 3 , 182

50
50
50
50
50

73

203
84
113

23
17
32
17
24

A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------

-

102

M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5---------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v i c e s 8------------------------------------------------------------------

500
-

69
33

500
500
500
500
500

7
3
18
5
-

110

24,
10,
45,
16,
15,

8

143
748
0 40
724
411

4
15
5
5

77

176, 0 23

100

1 14, 559

3 2 , 651

1 56, 3 28

49
28

123, 307
52, 7 16

70
30

8 3, 2 94
3 1, 265

19, 4 0 8
13, 2 43

1 06, 749
4 9 , 579

7
3
13
5

16, 3 85
1 ,7 1 5
27, 6 67
6, 9 49

16
4

(? )
(6)
-

-

-

-

-

13, 959
(‘ )
(? )
(7 )
(6)

4 , 5 34
(? )
(? )
(6 )
(6)

19,
3,
2 6,
9,
4,

050
577
984
231
340

L a r g e e s t a b l is h m e n t s

9

1

8,

546

3, 741
(? )
(? )
(6)
-

16,
1,
2 4,
6,

385
7 15
530
9 49
-

1 T h e M ilw a u k e e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f M ilw a u k e e , O z a u k e e , W a s h in g to n , and W a u k e s h a C o u n t i e s .
" w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T he e s tim a te s
not
in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s
o r le v e ls s in ce
(1 ) p la n n in g
o fw ages u r v e y s r e q
o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t an d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , an d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l v .o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
The
a re
u se




O v e r t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y :.n th e M ilw a u k e e a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r i n g
f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g :

fir m s .

In d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __________________________________ 31
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s ------------------------------------------14
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------------- 9
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s -------------------------------------------------------- 9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ------------8
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t -------------------------------------------------------- 7
P r i n t in g a n d p u b l is h i n g -------------------------------------------------------------- 5

The

E n g i n e s a n d t u r b i n e s ______________________________________________ 9
C o n s tru ctio n and re la te d
m a c h i n e r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
E l e c t r i c a l in d u s tr ia l
a p p a r a t u s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8
F a r m m a c h i n e r y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 6
M o t o r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u ip m e n t -------------------------------------------------- 1 6

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m *
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o :

d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y ,
ns b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T r e n d s f o r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e base.d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a nd i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the da te o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t in t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

L im itation s

o f Data

Method o f C om p u tin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , as m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i le in the s a m e j o b , a nd (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
The avera ge (m ean) earn ings for
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in dex
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e xt s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ): O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )— S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
C o n t in u e d
C a rp en ters
op e r a to r s, cla s s B
S e c r e ta r ie s
E le c tr ic ia n s
C lerics, a c c o u n t in g , cla s ses
S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
M a ch in ists
A and B
S te n o g ra p h e r s, s e n io r
M e c h a n ic s
Clerics, f i l e , cla s ses
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r s , classes
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o t iv e )
A , B, and C
A and B
P ainters
C le ik s , o rd e r
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
P ip e fitte r s
C lerics, p a y r o ll
c la s s B
T o o l and d ie m a k ers
C o m p t o m e t e r o p era tors
T y p is ts, cla s se s A a n d B
K e y p u n ch o p e r a to r s, cla s ses
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) :
A and B
Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ):
J an itors, p orters, and cle a n e r s
O ffi c e b o y s and g irls
N u rses, in du stria l (r e g is t e r e d )
L a b orers, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e da ta .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge r e f l e c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a la r ie s a n d s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
M i lw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1 9 7 0 a n d A p r il 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
A l l in d u s t r ie s

P e rio d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
nu rses
(m e n an d
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in te n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

M a n u fa c tu r in g
U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )
I n d e x e s (A p t i l

M a y 1 9 7 0 ................................................... .............................................
A p r i l 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________________________

116. 8
110. 4

126. 9
116. 8

120. 7
1 12. 1

in

1 19. 0
112. 0

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w om en)

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n an d
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

126. 9
116. 8

121. 1
1 12. 3

1 2 1 .2
1 1 1 .4

160. 7
126. 6

146. 5
120. 9

146. 0
120. 5

7.
5.
6.
5.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.

8.
6.
4.
4.
3.
1.
3.
4.
2.
3.

1967=100)

116. 9
1 10. 0

I n d e x e s (A p t il 1 9 6 1 = 1 0 0 )

M a y 1 9 7 0 ........................................ ........................................................
A p r i l 1 9 6 7 ________ _____________________________ _________

139. 3
119. 2

160. 7
126. 6

147. 1
121. 8

145. 2
122. 0

136. 7
117. 0

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e

A p r il
A p r il
A p ril
A p ril
A p ril
A p ril
A p r il
A p r il
A p ril
A p ril




1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I9 6 0

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

M a y 1 9 7 0 _________________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 7 ___________________ ______ .
A p r i l 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 5 _______________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 4 _______________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 3 _______________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 2 _______________________________
A p r i l 1 9 6 1 _______________________________

5.
5.
4.
5.
1.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.

8
3
8
0
6
9
7
4
3
1

8. 6
9 .4
6. 7
8. 2
3. 3
1 .4
3. 4
3. 6
4. 3
5. 0

7. 7
5. 6
6. 2
5. 0
3 .4
2. 4
2. 7
3. 9
2. 6
3. 5

6. 2
6. 7
5. 0
7. 0
3. 1
1 .4
2. 6
3. 8
2. 4
3. 6

6.
5.
4.
3.
1.
2.
3.
3.
2.
4.

3
0
8
3
7
1
0
4
5
0

8. 6
8. 2
8. 0
8. 7
2. 8
1 .4
3. 4
3. 6
4. 3
5. 0

N O T E : P r e v i o u s l y p u b l is h e d in d e x e s f o r th e M i lw a u k e e a r e a u s e d A p r i l 1961 a s th e b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to th e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v id in g t h e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g in d e x n u m b e r s f o r
A p r i l 1 9 6 7 o n t h e A p r i l 1 9 6 1 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
( T h e r e s u l t s h o u l d b e m u l t i p l i e d b y 1 0 0 .)

9
8
1
2
3
5
4
8
1
6

7
7
4
0
5
3
4
6
3
5

7

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A - 1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
NIImKor

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
$

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

$

S
60

s

s

$

*

$

*

S

s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly ea r n in g s
$

$

no

$

%

$

o f—

%

S

$

*

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

and
under
70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

8

65

*

7
7

29

33
*

40
10

30
15

47
41

25
17

19

5

17

37
32

19
8

6
6

14
12

14
12

16
14

12
7

25
24

11
10

8
6

15
13

14

12
7

2
-

-

5
5

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

8
4
4

-

-

5

7

3
1

13
12

14

~

13

6
4

”

“

“

“

2

-

-

22

_

.

_

-

-

-

190

2 00

”

65

and

200 over

M
EN
$
143.00
1 5 4.50

$
1 4 1.00

$
$
12 0 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

1 5 1.50

14 1 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

140.50
139.50

140.50

11 6 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
11 5 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

_

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

97

9 5 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

124
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

100.50
100.00

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
manufacturing ------------------

305
161

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

153

4 0 .0

133
172
75

OFFICE BOVS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

140.50

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

33
18
15

16
6
10

24
12
12

_

2

-

12

2

~

12

19
15
4

9
2
7

20
3
17

23
2
21

5

17

W
OMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------

8

3
~

”

“

56
56

6
6

3

a
-

l

8

6

8

3

-

-

15
14
1

29
9
20

26
8
18

21
4
17

23
14
14

15
2
13

5
5

1
1

“

“

40
30

5
5

6
6

11
11

i
i

1
1

119
58
61
1

108
52
56
10

51
36
15
3

22

36

7
7

1
i
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

50

4 0 .0

1 0 2.00

9 4 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

167
70
97

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 3.50
1 1 3.00
114.00

112:50
10 9.50
1 1 4.00

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
10 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
10 7 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

“

”

27
13
14

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

321
127
194

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0
106.00
8 9 .0 0

9 3 .5 0
10 4.00
9 0 .5 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

i
3

14
9
5

38
-

31
4
27

88
15
73

27
25
2

34
13
21

7
6
i

10

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 3-----------------

566
277
289
36

39
39
39
40

12
12
12
13

124
126
123
133

2
1
1

15
2
13

18
14
4

39
2
37
11

46

25

31
15

11
14

-

-

72
43
29
4

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

1,50 0
692
808

39 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

194
105
89

195
92
103

150
98

117
98
19

55
12
43

95
25
70

129
46
83

46
35

52

117
79
38

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

107

2

16
7

13
11

7

14
3

7
7

21
20

15
11

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 3-----------------

466

27
17
10
2

37
33
4

9
6

17
4

4

-

4

-

3
1

13
12

5
13

i

14
13
1
1

18

220
246
39

39
40
39
40

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

179

3 9 .0

_

-

3

69
110

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

21
11
10

11
10
1

27
24
3

16
14
2

13
6

See footnotes at end of table.




_
-

14
-

4

-

14

0
0
0
0

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

_

_

-

-

_

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
11 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
10 4 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

9 8 .5 0
103.00
9 4 .5 0

9 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

33
1
32

46
6
40

85
12
73

194
42

39 .5

114.00

_

-

-

1
1

4

1 1 5.50

10 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

114.00
1 1 9.00

4

2

8 9 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

56
27
29
4

55
16
39

66
45

8 6 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

7 7
8 1
7 6
8 7

13

21
5

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

8 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

_

7 6 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

8 2 .5 0

41
26
15

16

4 0 .0
38 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

16

“

*

-

509

4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0

106

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 3.00
8 9 .5 0

51
12
39

84

177
332

42
27
15

27
17
10

7B

.5
.5
.0
.0

.5
.0
.0
.0

7
7
6
0

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

.5
.5
.5
.0

9 0 .0 0
1 0 0.00
8 8 .5 0

.5
.0
.0
.5

0 0 -1
0 0-1

9 7 .0 0
0 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 6.00

8 2 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0

-

*

-

-

-

17

-

2
15

49
19
30

97
29
68

-

-

“

~

28

11

46

12
16

34
8

10

1
-

2
-

1

2

I

22
24

26

41

61

3
38

12
49

38

152

20
86

-

15
69

6

n

33
3
7
6

11
11
2

-

“
_

_

_

-

-

-

21
12
9
1

25
1
24
4

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

3
5
5
~

7

"

6
4

5
5

8

T a b l e A - 1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m en and w o m e n -----C on tin u ed

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1970)
Weekly earnings *
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Numb er of worker s rec eiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t

Average
weekly

$
60

Me an2

(standard]

Median2

$
65

$
70

t
75

*
80

$
85

S
90

s

$
105

110

s
115

*
120

$
130

s

*
140

150

t
160

t

s

t
170

180

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

2
2

17
8
9

13
5
8

28
19

25
18
7
3

71

9
2

48
23
8

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

34

71

22
5

59
34
25

i

1

-

-

5

105
65
40
16

41

53
18

33
22
11

27

25
9

33
1
32

28

32
17

32

27
17

19
5

14
9

10

15

18
14

10

14

5

12
8
4

82
41
41
l

127
71
56
4

104
78
26
5

78
37
41

87

116

20

54
33

30
86

11
9

12
8
4

2

1

11

3

i

-

75

58
38

33
22

44
26

5
4

40

20
3

11
1

18
2

1

25
21
4
4

9
9
-

7
7
-

4
3
i

2
2

4
2
2

150

160

170

180

190

190

200

and

200

CONTINUED

CLERKS,

$
1
1
1
1

$
1
1
1
1

$
$
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

PAYROLL ----------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3---------------------------

595
40*
191

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

325
132
193

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3------------------ --------

757
401
356
28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

890
449
441
51

3
4
3
4

OFFICE GIRLS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

252
90
162

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

SECRETARIES4 ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

2,69 9
1,59 0
1,10 9
206

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

334
227
107

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 4 9.00
1 4 9.00
1 4 9.00

1 4 5.00
144.50
1 5 6.00

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
12 8 .5 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

732
429
303
49

39
40
39
40

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING------------- 1----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

1,15 4
664
490

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

manu fac turing

NONMANUFACTURING

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




100

-

65

W
OMEN -

t

*
95

and
under

Middle range2

42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9
0
9
0

39
39
39
40

.5
.0
.0
.0

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0

“

“

-

-

9 6 .0 0
1 0 3.00

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

_

1
-

9
-

24

53

38

-

6

15

18

16
37

9 3 .5 0
1
1
1
1

0
0
0
1

8.50
7.50
9.50
8.00

93
98
88
93

.5
.0
.5
.0

.5
.5
.0
.0

2
3
9
4

9 7 .0 0
103.00

3 8 .5

4 0 .0

1
1
0
1

.0
.0
.5
.0

2
3
2
3

3
3
3
4

9
1
6
7

6
9
2
0

.5
.5
.0
.5

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

.5
.5
.0
.5

7
6
9
1

.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

89
94
86
90

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
2
2

9 1 .5 0
1
1
1
1

7 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
2

0
0
0
2

.0
.0
.0
.5

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
10 7 .0 0

0
0
0
0

8
8
8
8

7 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
1
1
1
1

2
3
2
3

3
3
3
4

8
1
4
6

7
9
2
6

.5
.0
.5
.0

.0
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

2
5
0
4

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

1
1
2
2

8
5
1
7

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-

0 0.0
0 6.5
9 3 .0
9 4 .5

0
0
0
0

7 1 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 1
1
1
1

8 5 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

1
1
0
2

4
4
4
4

2
2
1
1

4
7
9
5

3
9
6
4

.0
.0
.5
.5

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

-1
-1
-1
-1

4
4
5
6

3
4
0
8

8
7
1
0

.0
.0
.0
.5

.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 6.00
1 2 9.00

1 2 5.50
1 2 7.50

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

122.50
136.50

1 2 1.50
135.50

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

460
270

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 4.00
1 1 2.50

190

3 9 .5

1 1 6.00

112.00
110.50
1 1 6.00

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

897
524

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

101.00
103.00

76

373
146

4 0 .0

991

3 9 .5

743
248
32

AO. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 1 3.50

9 7 .0
9 9 .5
9 2 .5
1 1 2.5

0
0
0
0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

1
1
1
1

11
11
10
13

0
0
0
0

10 1 .5 0
10 2 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1
1
1
3

7
8
2
1

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

1
2
8
9

.5
.0
.5
.0

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

-1
-1
-1
-1

3
3
2
4

2
3
4
7

.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

-

-

1

9

-

_

-

_

-

-

~

-

9
6
3

23
14

81
38
43

-

~

-

84
22
62

163
55

159
74

124
64

108
17

85
7

60
16

52
23
1

29
6
23

36
13
23

5
5

9
9

-

-

16

26
6
20

*
-

21
18
3

43
8
35

-

"

-

16
-

33
3
30

69
29
40

38
14
24
i
-

16

23

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

37

92
59
33
i

i

2
14

-

*

-

_

1

2

2

2

2

-

“

1

-

_

-

_

-

17

_

-

-

-

-

-

17

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1

6
6

-

“

i

1

25
2
23

58
16
42

80
45
35

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

18

-

i

11
2
9

-

45
27
18

96
27

*

135
79
56
3

147

3

2

2

3

2

2

~

18
2
16

5
3
2

27
7
20
11

24

29

48
21
27

82
27
55

101
44

69
“

3
26

50
97
12

1

-

1

“

44
32
12

42
22
20

75
55
20

35
16

-

19

157
89
68

96
55
41

86
62
24

79
65
14

94
66
28

29
11
"

_
-

27
14
4

6
22
18
4

23
9
14

37

52
27
25

102
60

_

_

-

~

-

3
3
-

1
1
-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

__

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

151
92
59

27

182
101
81
16

72
59
13

51
30
21

158
109
49
3

160
121

210
130
80

lie

31
6

39
9

175
101
14

57
38
19

51
34
17

63

4

27

13
50

i
3

42
25
17

23
10
13

67
18
49

49
34
15

35
4

18

82
36
18

39

ii

61
44
17
7

39
21
18
6

20
13
7
4

8
7
1
1

47
35
12

19
14
5

17
5

16
9

12

7

6
5
1

85
40
45
7

49

20
10
10
3

12
6
6

1
1
-

2
2
-

2

~

28
13
15
9

49
22
27
4

22
20
2
1

lo
10

3
3

18
18

6
5

-

1

2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

2

1

16

15

11

22

12

12

38

13

4

-

1

23
17
6

65
32
33

103
72
31

152
114
38
3

118
100
18

78
64
14

90
57
33
1

77
55
22

95
74
21

79
60
19
12

60
56

-

-

-

1

3

7

3

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

13
10

_
-

-

3

55
28

-

3
2
1

_

354
263
91

12
12

57
7

-

1
1
1

-

469
283
186
67

276

2

-

457
272
185
25

-

13
11
2

3

-

42
5

25
24
1

2
1

_

248
164
84

122
85
37

1

7
4
3

195
105
90
20

11
13
2

26
18
8

3

4

3

30
19
7

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
32
5

_

~
_

-

-

-

-

9
T a b l e A - 1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m en and w o m e n -----C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u stry d i v is i o n , M ilw a u k e e , W is . , M a y 1970)
Weekly eamings^^^^
( standard)

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Number of worker s receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
60

weekly
(standard)

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

t

$
65

70

S
80

»
85

$
90

S
95

100

$

$
105

no

%

t
115

120

$
130

$
140

t

$

S
150

160

170

%
180

$
190

200
and

70

75

-

-

-

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

over

C ONTINUED

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

i n
85

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 1 4.00
1 1 5.50

$
113.50
1 1 6.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

119
n o

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 -

S W ITC HBOA RD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

466
238
228

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0
102.50
9 3 .5 0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 1.00
9 2 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

-

-

“

T A B U L A TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------- -----------------------------

52

39 .5

1 0 9.50

1 0 8.00

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

381
201
180

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3.00
1 0 7.50
9 8 .5 0

1 0 2.00
104.00
9 8 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

_

_

-

-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

714
497
217
25

3
4
3
4

10 6.00

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

TY PIS TS ,

75

and
under
65

WOMEN -

S

t

CLASS

B ---------------------------------------------------m an u factu r in g
---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

1, 178
523
655

9
0
9
0

.5
.0
.5
.0

10 8.00
10 0.50
1 1 3.00

100.00
101.00
9 7 .5 0
1 1 3.50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

$
$
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 7 7 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
89 .0 0

-

-

*

17
8

18
16

7
4

6
6

13
12

19
17

9

-

10
6

9

*

*

7

7

3
2

7
5

3
3

-

5
5

1
1

-

_

33

36

7
5

-

-

-

~

“

~

-

2
2

-

16
16

47
47

13
13

7
5

7
4

5
4

6

-

-

7

45
5

58
18

7

40

40

56
31
25

63
44
19

49
28

~

35
17
18

21

37
23
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

1

8

44
11
33

31
7
24

50
14

-

31
23
8

36

89
54
35

35
11
24

10
4

46
20

77
56

136
91

88
67

92
60

6

26

21

“

45
3

21
1

32
5

208

117

34

96

53
64

92
47

24

30
21

45

10

9

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

~
-

14

_

-

9

129
28

201
95

5

101

106

303
116
187

112

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

13

1

-

-

-

28
14
14

21
17
4

28
26

15
15

4
4

2
2

_

61

27

38

38
23

22

14
7
7

48
39

54
50

2

19
11
8

_

_

8

5
3

-

-

-

2

28

-

-

28
8

28
5

*

4
3
1

36
8

-

1

-

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

1

2

2

20
18
7

9
6

18
13

3

4
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

22

2

4
4

-

22

1

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

5

9

~

1 Sta nda rd h ou rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted fo r e a ch jo b by tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te sh ow n .
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 ra te s o f p a y ; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a fo u r th e a rn m o r e than
the h ig h e r ra te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




10

T a b l e A - 1a.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —large e s t a b li s h m e n t s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is . , M ay 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

of
workers

(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g straigh t -t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s of—

$

Average
weekly

t
60

Mean2

Median 3

Middle range 2

$
70

t
75

$
80

t

S
85

90

*

i

95

100

$
105

115

*
120

$

%

130

140

$

%

150

160

s
170

$
180

S
190

200
and

70

123
90
67
58

40.0 162.00 163.00 148.00-181.00
40.0 160.50 160.50 146.50-181.00

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

122
65
57

40.0
94.00 95.50
84.00
40.0
89.00
40.0 100.00 100.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

268
171
97

39.5 131.50 131.50 117.50-144.00
40.0 130.50 130.50 118.00-142.00
39.0 133.00 133.50 116.50-150.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

659
302
357

39.5 102.50 99.00
99.00
39.5 104.50
39.5 101.00 100.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

68
61

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

331
210
121

39.5
40.0
39.0

91.00
92.50
88.50

90. 50
92.00
87.50

79.50-100.50
81.50-102.00
76.50- 94.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------- -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

307
11A

40.0
40.0

94.00
99.50

91.50
97.00

79.50-100.00
85.50-111.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3 ---------------------------

255
173
82
27

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

112.00 109.00
115.50 116.00
99.50
105.00
108.00 100.00

91.00-134.50
92.00-138.50
89.00-118.00
91.00-125.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

187
132

83.00-111.00
38.5
97.00
92.50
40.0 112.50 112.50 101.00-126.00
38.0
90.50
88.00 81.00- 98.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

540
260
280

39.5 110.50 108.50 100.00-120.50
40.0 110.50 108.00 101.00-117.50
39.5 110.50 110.00 99.00-123.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

543
319
224

39.5
97.00
40.0 102.50
39.5
89.50

99.50
85.00

83.50-107.50
88.50-113.50
81.50- 92.50

OFFICE G I R L S ------------------ ------*
--------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

118
76

39.5
39.5

85.50
84.50

82.50
79.50

75.50- 89.50
73.50- 93.00

_

SECRETARIES4 ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S3 ---------------------------

1,592
1,143
449
132

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

134.50
135.50
131.50
145.00

133.00
134.00
131.00
139.50

119.00-147.50
120.00-148.50
115.50-145.50
135.00-157.00

-

-

85

90

95

100

105

110

$
$
$
$
40.0 156.50 154.50 142.50-170.00
40.0 157.50 155.50 144.50-169.50

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

75

80

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

81.50-103.00
74.50- 96.00
96.00-104.00

$
110

and
und er

65

M
EN

t
65

1

10
6

11
8

22
16

25
17

19
17

14

9

5
3

6
4

5
5

2
2

i
i

15
14

11
10

8
6

10
8

17
14

i
i

_

8

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1
_

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

-

2
2

_

15
11
4

3
2
1

-

-

-

_

_

-

*

-

-

18
3
15

23
2
21

6
i
5

i

_

-

-

1
1
“

4
2
2

10
6
4

7
2
5

16
12
4

15
7
8

26
21
5

48
33
15

57
39
18

33
26
12

16
6
10

21
12
9

6
i
5

83
26
57

77
39
38

78
36
42

65
42
23

47
19
28

40
22
18

28
11
17

74
13
61

79
29
50

17
15
2

26
23
3

7

i
i
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

2
2

8
7

7
7

7

4
3

7
7

8

-

_

_

_

_

_

7

13
ii

7

6

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2

16
12
4

-

-

-

_

200 o v e r

4

_

4

i

1
l

W EN
OM

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




55

-

~
-

-

88.00-117.50
89.00-120.00
87.00-117.00

-

1
1
-

11
6
5

25
12
13

40.0 116.00 116.00 101.50-134.00
40.0 115.50 115.50 101.00-132.50

_

_

_

-

92.00

-

“

7

_

7
2
5

33
13
20

46
29
17

34
27
7

41
16
25

66
45
21

20
13
7

35
33
2

13
13
-

9
6
3

5
4
i

18
5
13

4
4

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

41
3

41
11

21
13

41
18

34
8

52
10

23
13

10
7

ii
10

5
5

12
9

7
5

8
i

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

2
2
“

9
8
1
*

13
5
8
"

20
14
6
2

14
7
7
3

34
21
13
8

12
5
7
i

8
3
5
1

21
13
8
“

10
7
3

19
12
7

22
16
6
3

25
22
3
2

21
18
3
1

7
6
i
-

13
11
2
-

2
1
1
I

3
2
1
-

-

-

-

1

9

11
4
7

-

7

3

3
2
1

_

5

12
8
4

_

5

4
i
3

_

9

10
4
6

_

-

23
1
22

20
13

1

22
3
19

12

-

32
3
29

10

-

18
2
16

52
21
31

60
25
35

81
42
39

75
52
23

68
28
40

43
35
8

104
25
79

19
11
8

38
26
12

5
4

38
29

i

9

_

-

-

-

5

-

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

2
3

17
7
10

-

19
18
1

7
4

105
26
79

82
36
46

53
36
17

45
35
10

44
38
6

27
22

3

39
8
31

25
23

18
14

25
6

20
9

5
5

5
5

4
3

2
2

4

-

3
3

2

-

-

-

2
2
-

1
1

10
2
8

10
6

26
19

4

7

32
16
16

53
30
23
1

61
38
23
1

91
63
28

146
107
39

4

5

-

1

5

9

_

_

_

_

-

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
8
4

3
3
-

i
i
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

25
21

9
9

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

*

-

-

302
211
91
48

230
186

130
96
34
15

104

60

77

44

16
6

31
21
10
6

19
13
6

7

27

-

-

7
4

276
205
71
11

44

20

9

4

8
i
i

11

T a b l e A - 1a.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m en and w o m e n ---- C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u str y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W i s . , M ay 1970)
Weekly earnings 1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f

$

Average

60

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is i

»
65

*
70

$
75

$
80

*

*

$

$

85

90

95

100

(standard)

SECRETARIES4 -

i

120

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

i

2

2

-

110

115

120

130

2

3

t

2

-

4

13
9

t

150

-

105

100

-

f

130 140
-

140 150

15
12

S

160
-

S

170
-

t

180

190

200

-

180

i

190

and

160

170

200 o v e r

19
17

25
25

20
20

18
14

11
5

15
9

6
5

62
40
22
6

45
30
15
5

20
10
10
3

10
6
4
2

i
i
-

2
2

22
20
2
1

10
10
-

3
3
-

-

CONTINUED

C0NTINUE0

$

$

$

158
118

3 9 .0
39.5

155 .00
159 .00

1 5 6 .50
1 5 7 .50

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------- -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES3 ---------------------------

401
315
86
26

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 4 .50
142 .50
151 .50
1 5 7 .50

143 .50
142 .00
154 .00
157 .00

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

765
553
212
44

39.5
3 9 .5
39.0
4 0 .0

130 .50
1 3 2 .00
1 2 7 .50
1 42 .00

128 .50
129 .00
126 .50
1 4 4 .50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

249
157
92

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

119 .50
1 1 7 .00
1 2 4 .00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S3 ---------------------------

614
390
224
132

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

706
580
126

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

101
81

$

2
_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
I

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

-

-

-

~
-

5
2
3

-

-

-

-

-

117 .00
113 .50
129 .00

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

_
-

2
2
“

1
-

1
1

103 .50
1 0 3 .00
1 0 4 .50
1 1 4 .00

9 9 .5 0
9 8 . 50
1 04 .00
1 12 .00

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

-

~
-

5
2
3

24
10
14

-

“

~

“

39.5
4 0 .0
39.0

120 .50
1 2 2 .50
1 1 1 .00

1 16 .50
1 18 .00
104 .00

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

-

-

-

1
1

39.5
39.5

1 1 4 .50
1 1 6 .50

1 15 .00
117 .00

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

39.5

9 3 .5 0

9 2.5 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

107 .50
107 .00

107 .00
106 .50

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------- ---------------------------

151
93

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 06 .00
1 1 3 .00

102 .50
1 14 .00

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

559
477
82

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

1 0 8 .00
1 0 8 .50
1 05 .00

101 .00
1 01 .00
1 0 2 .50

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------->
----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

613
345
268

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 8.5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 8 0 .0 0 7 9 .5 0 -

-

Standard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir
w e e k ly h o u r s.
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




3
3
-

7
7
-

11
11
-

6
3
3

45
34
11
1

82
76
6
-

104
90
14
9

6
3
3
-

17
8
9
i

32
15
17

52
31
21

“

12
9
3
1

101
79
22
3

193
15 0
43
4

149
110
39
10

105
78
27
11

25
13
12
9

33
22
11
4

6
6
~

11
10
1

17
11
6

26
19
7

19
16
3

27
21
6

34
23
11

24
12
12

55
13
42

2
1
1

18
18
*

6
5
1

-

_
~

_
-

-

61
40
21
2

84
60
24
1

72
49
23
15

70
51
19
14

52
42
10
8

58
30
28
22

40
25
15
10

20
9
u
10

55
18
37
33

32
17
15
13

39
35
4
4

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

39
15
24

71
54
17

78
63
15

66
61

54
49

78
68
10

71
60
11

60
56
4

32
32
-

-

5

69
54
15

-

5

63
53
10

-

3

17
11
6

-

-

-

_

_

10
6

14
8

14
12

7

6
6

12
12

19

9

_

-

7

7
7

3

17

2

4

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

14
9

5

r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e

-

-

2

2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 3.5 0

2
2
-

9

8

6

5

5

6

7

3

-

4

i

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

7

9
9

7
7

9
8

13
11

4

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

3

7
7

4

5

12
12

3

“

9
7

28

14

3

3

17
9

11
6

9
6

14
14

15
13

10
8

15
15

4
4

2

10
4
6

27
20
7

65
56
9

93
86
7

70
62
8

65
56
9

38
32
6

22

25

11
7
4

32
20
12

46
39
7

54
50
4

"

“

96
52
44

133
81
52

92
46
46

77
32
45

48
18
30

30
24
6

23
21
2

19
11
8

9
6

18
13

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

3

_

-

_

“

58
77
70

manu fac turing

-

1

_
-

"

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --------

non manufacturing

-

-

SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTION IS TSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1
to t h e s e
2
3
4

S

115

u n d er

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

TYPISTS,

$
110

-

65

W EN OM

$
105

Middle range2

5

2
2
-

50
28
22

_

3

s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

2

22
22

-

~
_

*
-

-

1
1

_

1
1

-

_

_

“

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d

12

T able A - 2 .

P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ica l o c c u p a t i o n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

1

*

Average
weekly

t

t

*

80
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

90

100

110

and
u n d er

—

—
110

120

t

—

100

$

90

120

130

*
140

—
130

$
150

t

I

s

170

180

—

-

160

—

j

1

190

200

t

210

i

220

*
230

»

240

i

250

t

i

260

270

—

280

_

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

7
2
5

23
9
14

28
11
17

31
21
10

25
13

13
13
-

6
5
1

5
4

12

7
5
2

15

-

-

-

-

15

i

50
22
28

44
24
20

29
17

12
7

15
15

4

_

-

“

5

-

36
19
17

7
5
2

10
9

9
9

5
5

2
2

-

-

5
3
2

2
-

3
-

20
9

2

3

11

11
3
8

18
13
5

22
9
13

23
12
11

20
11
9

26
17
9

9

ii
9

38

28
19

n
8
3

5
5
~

2
1

11
10
1

11
7

over

i
i

12

3
1

2
2

and

280

270

MEN

C O M PU TE R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

1
~

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

1

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

1

129
66

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

63

3 9 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

178
97

3 9 .5

2 1 4 .0 0

2 1 6 .0 0

81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 2 0 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0

2 2 0 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0

1 9 1 .5 0 -2 3 3 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0 -2 3 8 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 2 7 .0 0

C O M PU TE R P R O G R A M E R S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

160
107
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 9 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

C O M P UT ER P R O G R A M E R S ,
B U S I N F S S , C L A S S C -------------------------------------------

61

3 9 .5

1 5 0 .0 0

195
112
83

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 4 9 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0
2 5 7 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

C O M P UT ER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------C O M P UT ER P R O G R A M E R S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

C O M P UT E R S Y S T E M S
BUSIN E SS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING
nonm an u factu

ANALYSTS,
A --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------rin g

C O MP UT ER S Y S T E M S
B U S I N E S S , C L A C^

3

1
2

l

4
2
2

43
23

33
12
21

24
4

-

205
116
89

C OM PU TE R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

3
2

1

3 9 .5

1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

------- --------------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
$
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G

164
85
79

-

-

1 6 3 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

~

~

-

1 4 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0

_

_

14

2 4 7 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0
2 5 6 .0 0

184
111
73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 1 5 .0 0
2 0 8 .0 0
2 2 5 .5 0

2 1 3 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0

78
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

_

_

-

-

ANALYSTS,
C -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

A ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

669
631

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 7 7 .0 0

1 6 4 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- -- -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------

730
662
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0

1 4 1 .5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

------------------------------------------------

474
410

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

“

86
80

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

113
105

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

19

20

44

1 0 6 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

11

20

44

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




4 0 .0

9

3

6
9

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

”

2

29
9

21
11
10

23
13
10

5

15

5

1
1

l
1

4
4

-

-

1

6
2
4

5
4
1

7
5
2

5
5
-

9

5
5
~

4
4

1
~

~

-

-

-

3

18

18
18
”

33
20
13

22
14
8

28
7
21

19
10
9

12
5
7

30
314
4 16

5
2
3

8
7
i

16
15
1

29
24
5

25
15
10

26
15
11

4

13

16
9

8

7
5

4

12

17
8

9

3

2
2

12
7
5

20
7
13

15
3
12

12
5
7

8
4
4

1
1
~

4
3
i

_

_

8
8

_

3

1
1

i

_
*

5
5

5

-

-

*

2
2

15
15

92
92

134
130

132
125

116
109

64
58

33
25

23
21

14
14

12
10

14
12

7
7

49
49

102
101

145
135
10

175
157
18

77
77

118
108
10

30
14

10
6
4

3
2

3
-

-

1

16

5
2
3

5
4

-

i

3

-

1

4
4

2
2

2
2

3

2
2

1

“
4

-

5
4

4

*

_

98

106

83

93

20
20

5
5

109
84

41

15

40

15

4
4

3

_

_

_

3

-

-

*

-

_

-

*
_

_

~

~

C O M P UT E R S Y S T E M S
BUSIN E SS, CLASS
MANU FAC TURING

MANUFACTURING

4
4

1
1

1 9 4 .5 0 -2 3 4 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0 -2 2 3 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0

-------------------------------------------

-

-

-

i

2 2 9 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0
2 2 2 .0 0 -2 6 1 .5 0
2 3 9 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

C

20

-

ANALYSTS,
B -------------------------------------------

CLASS

20

~

-

i

3

5

i
i
_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
Ta b le A -2 .

P rofessiona l and technical o c c u p a tio n s — men and w o m e n ------C on tin ue d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is ., M ay 1970)

1 Standard h o u r s
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n
3 W ork ers w ere
4 W ork ers w ere




r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e
o f t e r m s , se e
d is tr ib u te d as
d is tr ib u te d as

fo o tn o te
fo l lo w s :
fo l lo w s :

Z, ta b le A - l .
9 at $ Z80 to
8 at $ Z80 to

$ 300; Z at $ 300 to $ 3Z0;
$ 300; 7 at $ 300 to $ 3Z0;

and 3 at $ 3 4 0
and 1 at $ 3Z0

s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,

to $ 360.
to $ 340.

and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d

14
T a b le A -2 a .

P rofessiona l and technical o c c u p a tio n s — large establishm ents— m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u str y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is . , M ay 1970)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g straight -tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f----

$

$

Average
weekly

90

80
Median 2

Mean2

(standard)

Middle range 2

t

$
100

110

$

$

*
120

130

*
140

$
150

s
160

*

%

170

iso

190

s

$
200

210

t
220

$
230

$
240

$

t

250

260

t
270

and
u n d er
90

28 0
and

100

110

120

140

150

160

170

180

190

20

26
11
15

26
17

21
13
8

13

11

130

*
2

33
18
15

25
15
10

10

200

210

1

220

230

240

1

23

14

24
17

250

260

270

280 o v e r.

M
EN
132
81
51

$
$
1 42 .00 -1 68 .50
1 44 .50 173.00
138 .50 155.00

39.5
39.5
39.5

135.00
139.50
130.50

135.50
139.00
130.00

123 .00 -1 43 .50
1 26 .50 144.50
120 .50 140.00

39.5

125.00

39.5

115.00

122 50 1 1 0 . 0 0 - 1 3 3 . 0 0
132.50
115.50 1 0 8 .0 0 125.00

216.50

1 92 .00 -

60

*
39.5

208.50

212.50

1 88.00-228.50

1 «.. >

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C

160.00
148.00

117

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B

$
156.00
160.50
149.50

126
67
59

CLASS A

39.5
39.5
39.5

61

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

1 3.

2 36 •50
256.50

\

18
11

1

27
21

26
10
16

4
19

17

9
i

9
7

2

1

7

2
2

1

2
2

9

computer programers.

-

-Q

234.00

14
2

2 8

8

9
5

18
13

13

11

5

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
0-0

9

16

11

13

28
19

1
8

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
229 .50 269.50
221 .50 262.50
2 41 .00 -2 85 .50

108
62

39 *5
39.5

261.00

166

39.5
4 0.0
39.0

1 98 .00 -2 39 .00
2 1 0 * 0 0 2 0 ' * 50 1 8 8 . 5 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
227.00 231.00

1

3
1

L0
i

r4

3

30

22

19

ft
8

12

LO
ft

20

15

12

8

L3

V2

7

*

7n
71
ro

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
71

3

8

1

i

13
12

17
8

15

3

9

8

56

1
1

78

105
102

76
73

47
45

33

7
7

7
*

2
2

2
2

16
15
1

17
12
5

25
15
ID

22
11
11

12
7

1
1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
0 .0
474

4 0.0

1 0 . 0
1 OA* AA 1 7 9 . 0 0

1 65 .00 1 63 .00 -

194.50
196.00

1
1

184.50

2

1 78 *0 0

305

4 .0

131.50

40.0
40.0

130.00
131.00

127.00
127.50

A A 1 0 6 . 5 0 1 0 ' 00
40.0 1 0 6 . 5 0 1 0 4 . 0 0

1 16 .50 1 17 .50 -

15
24
24

**

11

*

1

63

58

47
40

57
52

30

34
33

5

3

5

*

13

15

12
12

20
19

35
31

29
24

26
22

11
11

t-4
14

14
93.0 0-11 7.0 0

25

3

29
23

141.50
142.50

/

63

*
*

7
7

l-* 0.

232
208

1
1

15
15

i
1
19
15

23
21

12
10

14
12

10

2

8
8
1

3
3

2
2

W EN
OM
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
50
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

1 Standard h o u r s
to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n
^ W o r k e r s w e re
4 W ork ers w ere




------

39.0

170.00

170.00

1 61 .00 -1 78 .00

150
133

40.0
40.0

152.50
152.50

151.00
151.00

1 40 .50 -1 64 .00
1 40 .00 -1 64 .00

r e f le c t the work\v eek fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir reg u la
o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 9 at $ 2 8 0 to
d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 8 at $ 2 8 0 to

$ 3 0 0 ; 2 at $ 3 0 0 to
$ 3 0 0 ; 7 at $ 3 0 0 to

-

3

3

-

1

6

10

1
1

1
1

s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d/ o r p r e m iu m

$ 3 2 0 ; and 3 at
$ 3 2 0 ; and 1 at

$ 34 0 to $ 3 6 0 .
$ 32 0 to $ 3 4 0 .

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
r a t e s ), and the ea rn in g s

corresp on d

15
Ta b le A -3 .

Office, professional, and technical o c c u p a tio n s — men and w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., M ay 1970)
Average
O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

OFFICE

Number
of

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

$

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

Weekly

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

BILLERS, m a c h in e (B ILI IN G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

126

102

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

101.00
1 0 0 .5 0

OCCUPATIONS

PUBLIC

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 2 ----------------

102.00
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 A .0 0

o

A O .O
3 9 .5
o

>1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

170
73
97

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

50

o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------

323
127
196

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

871

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

51

1 3 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

1, 5 A A
719
825

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

107
78

3 9 .5
AO .O

1 1 A .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2---------------clerks,

f i .l e , c l a s s c —-------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

478

226
252
39
179
69

110

39
40
39
40

.5
.0
.0
.0

9 5 .5 0

8
9
8
9

9
3
5
9

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

SECRETARIES3 -------------------------------------------- -—
MANUFACTURING------------------------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

9 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .5
A O .O

8 A .0 0
8 7 .5 0

3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0

2 ,7 0 3
1 ,5 9 2

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1,111

3 9 .0
A O .O

1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 A 9 .0 0
1 A 9 .0 0
1 A 9 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 A 0 .0 0

51

A2A
165
259

208

107
732

3 9 .5

A29
303
A9

A O .O
3 9 .0
A O .O

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

1, 157
665
A92

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 8 .5

78

A O .O

1
1
1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A60
270
190

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 A .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

2
2
2
3

6
9
2
7

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------—
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

1 0 A .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

715
A98
217

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .5

25

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .0 0

205
180

A O .O

1
1
1
1

385

1 0 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

0
0
0
1

6
8
0
3

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

1, 179

3 9 .5

86.00

52A
655

A O .O
3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 A .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

172
90
82

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .5

COMPUTER

2 7a

TYPISTS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING —
NDNMANUFACTURING

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS

160.00
1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

1A3

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

131

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B

122.00

101.00

373
1A6

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .0
A O .O

1 0 3 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------

180
85
95

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

993
7A A
2A9
33

3 9 .5
A O .O
3 9 .5
A O .O

1 1 7 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

219
103
116

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 0 7 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 A .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

215
128
87

3 9 .5
A O .O

8 5 .5 0
8 A .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

1 7 7 .5 0
1 7 7 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

897
52A

1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

3
4
3
4

1 1 3 .5 0
l 1A .0 0

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s a -------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------

112

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

119

110

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANijFACTURING------------------------------------ -NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A66
238

3 9 .5
A O .O

9 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

228

3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0

86

3 9 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

52

3 9 .0

110.00

635
A32

COMPTOMETER'OPERATORS ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

325
132
193

3 9 .0
A O .O
3 8 .5

9 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 ----------------

769
A13
356
28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

A O .O

1 1 8 .0 0

203
50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S2 ---------------------------

335

228

4 0 .0
A O .O
A O .O

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------

310
352

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

9 3 .0 0

3 9 .0
A O .O

450
441

7 6 .0 0
7 A .5 0
7 6 .5 0

662




U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

$
891

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1
anting, 1
(standard) (standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

C ON TI NU ED

3 9 .0
AO .O
3 8 .5

CLERKS, OROER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

1 3 2 .5 0

A38
433

-

Number
of
workers

9
0
9
0

.5
.0
.5
.0

112.00
121.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

85

118.00
1 1 3 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
b u s i n e s s , c l a s s a -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

3 9 .0

3 9 .0

1 A 9 .5 0
1 A 9 .5 0

201

3 9 .5

2 A 8 .0 0

115

A O .O
3 9 .5

2 A 2 .5 0
2 5 5 .5 0

3 9 .5

86

16
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , professional, and tec hn ica l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d ------C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970)
Average

Average
O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1
(standard) (standard)

O ccu p a tion and in du stry d ivision

Number
of

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Number
of

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - C O N T I N U E D

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - C O N T I N U E D

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - C O N T I N U E D

Average
O c cu p a tion and in d u stry d iv isio n

$
C O M P UT E R S Y S T E M S
BUSIN ESS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

ANALYSTS,
B -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONMA NUF ACT URING

----------------------------------------

81

$
2 1 3.50
206.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFAC TURIN G

2 2 4.00

DRAFTSMEN,

B

CLASS

MANUFAC TURIN G —
NONMANUFACT URING
93
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 2.00
181.00

------------------------------------------------

492
428

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12 4 .5 0
12 5 .0 0

draftsm e n

- t r a c e r s ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

141
133

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 4 .0 0
1 0 5.00

NURSES,
INDUSTRIAL
( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

177
159

670
632

A
—
■

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

182.50
181.50

DRAFTSMEN,

759
687
72

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

154.50
1 5 2 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

CLASS

MANUFA CTU RIN G

C

---------------------------------------

o o

ANALYSTS,
C -------------------------------- -- --------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

o o

C O M P UT ER S Y S T E M S
B U SIN E SS , CLASS
M ANUFACTURING

202
121

151.00
151.00

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




17
T a b le A -3 a .

O ffice , professional, and technical o c c u p a tio n s — large e s ta b lish m e n ts— m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1970)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

O c cu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

391
261
130

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9.5

139.50
19 0 .0 0
13 8 .5 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

663
329
359

3 9.5
39.5
39.5

10 3 .5 0
1 06.00
10 1 .5 0

OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES3 -

-

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

----------------------------------------

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------- ----------

68
61

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 16.00
115.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

337
216
121

39.5
9 0 .0
3 9.0

9 1 .5 0
93.5 0
88.50

C L E R K S , OR D ER --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

379
17 2

4 0 .0
9 0 .0

106.00
120.00

768
559
219
96

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0
9 0 .0

$
130.50
132.00
1 28.00
1 92.50

299
157
92

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9.5

119.50
117.00
12 9 .0 0

619
390
229
132

9 0 .0
9 0 .0
3 9.5
9 0 .0

103.50
103.00
1 09.50
11 9 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

708
581
127

39.5
9 0 .0
39.0

1 20.50
122.50

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------

283
191
92
35

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

115.00
117.50
110.50
119 .0 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

102
81

3 9.5
3 9 .5

119.50
1 16.50

C O M P T OM E T ER O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

187
55
132

3 8.5
9 0 .0
3 8 .0

97.0 0
112.50
90.5 0

KE YP U NC H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

590
260
280

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

110 .5 0
110.50
110.50

CLASS

D

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------NONMANUF ACT URING —

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS,

SENIOR

-----------------------------------

1 1 1 .0 0

544
320
229

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

97.0 0
102.50
8 9 .5 0

O F F I C E B O Y S AND G I R L S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------n onm anufacturing
----------------------------------------

240
191
99

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

90.0 0
87 .0 0
99.5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------non m an u factu rin g
---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------

1,596
1,195
951
139

3 9.5
9 0.0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

139.50
13 5 .5 0
1 31.50
19 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

159
119

3 9.0
3 9 .5

15 5 .0 0
159*00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------

901
315
86
26

39.5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 99.50
192.50
1 51.50
1 57.50

Weekly
(standard)

SWIT CHB OA RD

OPERATORS,

B ----------

58

3 9.5

93.5 0

OPERATOR-RECEPTI O N IS T S ------------------------------------------------

77
70

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 0 7.50
107.00

TRANSCRIBING-M ACHIN E OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

15 1
93

3 9 .0
9 0 .0

106.00
1 1 3.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

560
978
82

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

1 08.00
108.50
105.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

619
396
268

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 8 .5 0
89 .5 0
87.00

CLASS

----------------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

$
1 2 8.50
136.50
121.00

C O M P UT ER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

132
64
68

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

12 9 .0 0
13 9 .0 0
1 19.50

C O M P UT ER P R O G R A M E R S ,
8 U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

178
91
87

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 ‘. ' , r

207 .5 0
2 1 8.00
19 7 .0 0

----------------------------------------

191
110
81

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.0

17 9 .0 0
1 80.50
176.50

PR OG RA M ER S ,
, c l a s s c --------------- ---------------------------

78

3 9 .5

153.00

----------------------------------------

179
111
63

3 9 .5
39.5
39.5

2 9 9.50
2 9 3.00
2 6 1 .0 0

C O M PU TE R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ------- ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

184
105
79

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

215 .5 0
208 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0

NONMANUFACT URING

COMPUTER PR OG RA M ER S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACT URING
C O M P UT ER

C OM P UT E R S Y S T E M S
BUSIN ESS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

ANALYSTS,
A ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T UR I NG
MANUFACTURING

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

168
81
87

C OM P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

b u s in e s s

SW IT CHB OA RD

K E YP U NC H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ----------------------------------

Number
of

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CONT INUED

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------

PU BLIC

O c cu p a tion and in du stry d iv isio n

C ONT INUED

SECRETARIES,

NONMA NUF ACT URING

Average

Ave age

Average
Number
of
workers

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9.5

156.00
1 6 0.00
199.00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

182.00
181.00

m a n u factu rin g

A ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

975
957

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 89.50
189.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
M ANUFACTURING

B ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

363
313

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 56.00
151.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------- --

190
86
59

92
66

250
226

9 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 29.50
13 0 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------C O M P UT ER O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

ANALYSTS,
C ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN,

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS

COMPUTER SY ST E M S
B U SIN E SS , CLASS
MANU FAC TURING

91
91

4 0 .0
9 0.0

10 9 .5 0
10 9 .5 0

NURSES,
I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

150
133

9 0 .0
4 0 .0

15 2 .5 0
15 2 .5 0

CLASS

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




18
Ta b le A -4 .

M a in tenance and p o w e rp la n t occu p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
jl
$
$
%
$
$
$

Hourly earnings *

$
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woritere

Under
M ean 2

Median ^

Middle range 2

S
2 .9 0

$

2.90

3

3

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

249
171
78
53

$
4 .2 4
4 .3 1
4 .09
3.81

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING -----------------

1,065
904

4 .8 7
4 .7 9

4 .9 1
4 .8 0

4 .3 5 4 .2 8 -

5 .13
5 .0 8

_

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

16 3
12 9

4 .07
4 .1 7

4 .0 2
4 .11

3 .8 2 3 .8 9 -

4 .3 4
4 .51

_

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

469
363
10 6

3 .6 0
3 .7 8
2 .9 9

3.53
3.72
3 .31

3 .3 4 3 .4 3 2 .5 4 -

4 .0 0
4 .09
3 .38

4 45
-

16

45

“

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----MANUFACTURING ----------------n q n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

370
164
206
15 0

3 .60
3 .4 6
3 .7 2
4 .0 2

3.72
3.47
4 .0 0
4 .07

3 .2
3 .2
3 .2
3 .9

-

4 .04
3 .73
4 .1 2
4 .1 4

23
2
21

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------

783
780

4 .6 3
4 .6 3

4 .7 6
4 .7 7

4 .3 5 4 .3 5 -

4 .9 4
4 .9 4

mac hi n is ts , maintenance

---------MANUFACTURING -----------------

608
583

4 .7 6
4 .7 6

4 .8 6
4 .8 4

4 .3 4 4 .2 9 -

5 .23
5 .2 4

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------- NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

728
210
518
498

4 .2 1
4 .27
4 .1 9
4 .2 0

4 .1 6
4 .1 3
4 .1 6
4 .1 6

4 .1
3 .9
4 .1
4 .1

-

4 .25
4 .5 5
4 .2 0
4 .2 0

1
-

1,382
1,309
73

4 .19
4 .18
4 .36

4 .2 0
4 .2 0
4 .6 0

3 .6 8 3 .6 8 3 .7 0 -

4 .61
4 .5 9
4 .9 5

-

m i l l w r i g h t s ---------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ------------

349
345

4 .6 0
4 .59

4 .61
4 .6 0

4 .1 9 4 .1 8 -

OILERS --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- -------------

342
342

3 .9 0
3 .90

3.84
3 .8 4

3 .5 4 3 .5 4 -

4 .3 6
4 .3 6

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE--------- ! MANUFACTURING -----------------

121
83

4 .7 0
4 .6 3

4 .5 6
4 .5 4

4 .4 1 4 .4 2 -

5 .61
4 .7 9

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE--------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

362
311
51
30

4 .5 5
4 .66
3 .9 3
4 .34

4 .55
4 .5 7
3 .5 9
4 .54

4 .2 2 4 .3 0 3 .2 7 3 .6 4 -

4 .7 9
4 .8 0
4 .71
4 .7 5

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------

138
134

4 .5 8
4 .5 7

4 .5 5
4 .5 4

4 .4 6 4 .4 5 -

4 .7 0
4 .6 3

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

1 ,3 5 6
1 ,3 5 6

4 .89
4 .89

5 .01
5 .01

4 .5 8 4 .5 8 -

$

$

%

$

$

T

00

3.10

3

20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80

4.00

4 .2 0

4.40

4.60

4.8 0

5.00

5.2 0

5

40

5.6 0

5

80

6.00

6.20

10

3.20

3

30

3.40

3.5 0

3.6 0

3.70

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.4 0

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5

60

5.80

6

00

6.20

6.40

44
-

2
2
-

3
3

3
3
-

6
6

26

40
30
10
10

9

3

22
4
4

6
3
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
-

12
-

1
1

12

-

*

*

~

-

_

127

22

“

121

10

5 .12
5 .12

----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1
2
3
4

$
4 .7 3
4 .72
4 .7 7
4 .6 5

$

4 .8 5
4 .8 4

m e c ha n ic s , maintenance

$
3 .8 5 3 .9 9 3 .3 4 3 .3 4 -

$

and
under
3.00

$
4 .0 9
4 .1 2
3 .3 9
3.38

$

2
3
0
6

1
8
3
3

4
-

-

-

-

-

4
-

_

44
-

-

“

-

34

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
19
4

5
4

22

9

34

2
20

9
-

23
11

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

9

-

-

-

-

-

9

_

_

_

-

-

16

_

9
9

1
1

58
57

62
60

92
91

74
74

163
162

223
138

35
16

17

142

-

21
4

6

12

-

-

2

16
12

45
41

22
18

25
25

18
13

17
16

3
3

1

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

6

63
23
40

69

24

57

6

22

23

6

1

-

21
6

61
61

*

31
28
3

27

69

14
14

22

6

29

29

21

6

29
-

37
-

-

16
13
13

_

_

2
2

6

1

1
-

1
-

“

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
~

51
6
42

-

“

_

_

-

-

8

10
94
94

8
8

47
47

54
54

96
93

81
81

101
101

302
302

40
40

7

9

4

9

7

9

4

4
4

21
21

38
36

91
84

70
70

65
65

37
36

54
39

220
220

2
2

_

-

_

~

"

41
38
3
3

445

121

79
366

38
31
7
7

2
-

13
7
6
4
124
123
1

28
12
16

58
54

5
5

9

14
14

4
4

1
1

5
5

ii
3
8

13

_

13
-

-

362

11
110
104

192
188
4

89
75

83
83

261
260

14

*

1

182
165
17

3
3

16
16

74
74

40

37
37

80
80

21
21

42
42

41
41

10
10

14
8

2

3

“

2

23
23
-

36

87

31

83

6
6

15
15

74
74

16

10

24

62

300

60

195

24

62

300

60

195

*
34
34

-

“

2

13
3

136
136

2

16

24
24

213
208
5

8

_

_

8

-

-

3
3

28
28

5
5

31
31

_

1
1

2
2

_

2

2

3
3

1

-

_

18
18

7
-

8
6

7
7

2
2

1
1

_

_

-

~

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

“

20
-

-

20

“

“

3

1

3

10
10

1

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A -l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 5 at $1.90 to $2; 12 at $2.10 to $2.20; 22 at $2.50 to $2.60; and 6 at $2.60 to $2.70.




22

104

1
-

12
2
10

142

37
35

41

“

“

8
8

_

”

2
2

8
-

-

1
1
-

17
17

-

1
1

58
56
2

-

~

”

27
25
2
2

1
1

40
76

76

5
5

2
2

5
-

5

28
28
-

5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

2
-

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

_

_

34
34

_

-

34
19

_

_

-

-

-

53
53
39
33

4
4

17

2

_

_

1

13

-

-

-

-

71
61
10

27
27
-

n
ii

2
1
1

2
-

“

_

_

39

-

-

-

-

39
-

-

-

_

_

10

-

-

“

2
2

16

14

_

-

_

8

-

-

-

8

-

-

554
554

151
151

9

i
i

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

9

19
Ta b le A -4 a .

M a in te na n ce and p ow e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s — large e stablishm ents

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u str y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is . , M a y 1970)
Hourly earnings

1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division

Me“ 2

$

Median

$

c

Middle range 2

$

215
1*8
67
52

*.33
*.39
*.19
3.79

*.15
*.19
3. *0
3.38

3.9**.033.353.3*-

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

953
79*

*.87
*.79

*.92
*.82

------------------------------------------------

92
77

*.30
*.31

*.2*
*.25

F I R E M E N , S T A T I O N A R Y B O I L E R --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

216
203

*.02
4.04

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

255
117

M A C H IN E -T O O L

-----------------------------

$
3 .* 0

S
3 .5 0

$
3.6 0

i
3 .7 0

.80

i
$
3. 90 * . 0 0

$
*.2 0

$
*.*0

t
4 .60

1
*.80

*
5 .0 0

$
5.2 0

$
5 .* 0

$
5 .6 0

t
5 .8 0

$
6.0 0

S
6.2 0

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3 . *0

3.5 0

3.6 0

3 .7 0

3.8 0

.90

4 . 00 * . 2 0

* .*0

4 .6 0

* .80

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .* 0

5.6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6.2 0

6 .*0

-

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

26
22
4
4

40
30
10
10

8
6
2
1

3
2
1
1

11
11

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

3*
3*
3*

3
3

-

12
12
*

*

“

$

and
3 . 0 0 under

*.39- 5.11
*.30- 5.07

MAI NTENANCE

t
3.3 0

$
3 .0 0

$

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------------

CARPENTERS,

$
3 .2 0

-

U n der

$
3.1 0

3.1 0

Number
of
woikers

*.75
*.7*
*.79
*.58

-

-

16
1*
2
2

50
48
2
-

1
1
-

“

”

17

21
4

-

-

9*
88

13
3

-

-

-

-

4
*

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

9
9

1
1

2
2

*2
*1

53
51

132
132

77
76

69
69

163
162

223
138

35
16

3.98- *.60
3.99- *.71

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
5

-

-

-

17
17

18
1*

8
8

18
13

17
16

3
3

1
“

1
1

*

3.88
3.89

3.68- *.*6
3.69- *.*6

4
-

5
4

2

_

2

-

8
8

2*
23

1*
1*

3*
3*

21
18

10
10

5
1

6
6

61
61

22
22

3.80
3.53

3.92
3.59

3.56- *.09
3.29- 3.75

9
9

17
17

5
5

8
8

29
16

5
5

*2

2

*1

-

19
-

10*
10

8

2

*.68
*.68

*.8*
*.85

*.39- *.96
*.39- *.96

_

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

_

------------------------------------------------

658
655

-

1*
1*

9
9

19
19

18
18

3*
3*

66
63

58
58

77
77

28*
2 8*

*0
*0

7
7

9
9

*
4

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

553
528

* •8 1
*.81

*.99
4.99

*.*3— 5.2*
*.*3— 5.2*

_

-

_

-

*
*

1
1

4
*

5

4
*

38
36

75
68

**
44

65
65

37
36

5*
39

220
220

2
2

-

5

M E C H A N IC S , AUTO MO TIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

260
93

*.*1
*.63

*.3*
*.56

*.22- *.55
*.29- 5.22

_

_

50
9

119
11

36
31

2

13
7

5

28
28

_

_

-

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ------------------------ ■
------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

8*6
801

*.*9
4.47

*.56
4.56

*.32- *.77
4.31- 4.76

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

349
3*5

*.60
4.59

*.61
*.60

O I L E R S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

300
300

3.90
3.90

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

11*
83

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------------

321
290

SH E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER S, MAI NTENANCE - M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------TO OL

980
980

ENGINEERS,

STATIONARY

MANUFAC TURING

OPERATORS,

MANU FAC TURING

AND

OIE

----------------------------------

M AK ER S

MANU FAC TURING

TO OL RO OM

—

----------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------

2

”

_

~

_

_

_
_

-

“

*

-

_

-

-

2
2

_

-

*.19- *.85
4.18- 4.84

_

-

_

_

_

3.83
3.83

3.58- *.3*
3.58- *.3*

_

3
3

*.66
*.63

*.5*
*.5*

*.*1- 5.53
*.*2- *.79

_

-

-

*.70
*.73

*.59
*.59

*.39- *.81
*.*2— *.83

30

4.34

* .5 *

3.6*- *.75

138
13*

*.58
*.57

* .5 5
* .5 *

*.*6- *.70
*.*5- *.63

*.91
*.91

5.02
5.02

*.6*- 5.13
*.6*- 5.13

1 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




5
4

h o lid a y s ,

_

3
3

7
6
-

3*

34

-

-

2
2

*
4

3
3

29
29

3

3

_

“
4
*

-

-

-

~

“

_

_

2

-

-

_

_

“
-

_

-

-

3*
3*

-

1
*

28
19

-

2
*

-

-

33

73
73

261
260

165

1 2*
123

28

29

7
7

9

74
7*

40
*0

37
37

80
80

58

5

9

5*

5

27
27

i*
i*

10
10

76
76

31
31

8
3

2

3

39

_

-

2

33

17
13

2

"

-

“

36
31

87
83

71
61

27
27

11
11

2
1

4
4

21
21

2*
2*

21
21

1
1

2
2

_

"

-

2
2

3
3

1
-

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

6

1
1

10
10

-

-

7
-

8

-

1
1

“

19
19

182

2

-

68

65

23
23

*2
*2

-

12

"

_

-

“

*

39
39

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

2

-

-

-

-

5

*

10

-

*

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

16
16

1*
10

-

“

8
8

_

-

7*
7*

-

-

15
15

_

-

6
6

_

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

_

-

3
3

*

“

2*
2*

62
62

155
155

35
35

169
169

9
9

1
1

-

-

.

and la te s h ift s .

-

*
434
*3*

91
91

20

T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l and material m o v e m e n t occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is. , M ay 19*70)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
1 .5 0
Me“ 3

Median 3

Middle range3

and
u n d er
1 .6 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

1 ,0 9 0
565
525

$
2.6 2
3 .0 7
2.1 4

$
2.2 7
3.2 2
2 .1 3

$
2 .1 1 2 .5 4 1 .9 6 -

38 4

3.0 9

3.2 4

2 .5 4 -

181

3.0 2

3.0 3

2 .5 3 -

2.6 9
3.1 1
1 .8 0
3.3 2

1 . 8 1 - 3 .2 0
2 .8 5 - 3 .4 0
1 .7 2 - 2.0 9
2 . 9 3 - 3 .5 8

_

1 .7 0

1.8 0

1.8 0

_

»

*

$

$

2 .1 0

1.9 0 2 .0 0

2.2 0

_

_

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

44
4
40

1.7 0

_

$

_

_

143
8
135

56
33
23

223
4
219

101
43
58

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S4 --------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S4 ---------------------------

2.3 0

(.4 0

*
2 .6 0

2.4 0

!.6 0

2 .8 0

72
63

50
50

“

31

28

7

33

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

51
50

114
109

1

5

134
129
5

49

87

76

255

478

261
39
222

59

123
29

38

12

73
14

t
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

9
2
7

-

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

26

65
5
60

76

and

-

“

“

-

-

-

'

-

-

14

1

22

53

2

-

-

328
319

347

16
4
12
12

-

_

-

-

11

110
95
15
5

“

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S4 ---------------------------

3.3 4
3 .2 6
3 .9 6
4.3 2

3 .0 2 3 .0 1 3 .1 4 3 .9 5 -

3 .9 0
3 .6 3
4.3 4
4 .3 6

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

861
462
399

3.5 6
3 .5 3
3.6 1

3 .6 1
3.5 2
3 .7 2

3 .3 9 3 .3 4 3 .6 0 -

3 .8 7
3.8 2
3 .9 3

17
5
12

17
4
13

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

978
90 6

3.4 6
3.4 9

3.4 7
3.4 7

3 .2 1 3 .2 6 -

3.7 3
3.7 3

22
22

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

307
125
182

2.6 5
2 .8 8
2.4 9

2.7 4
3.0 9
2 .7 2

2 .2 4 2 .3 0 2 .1 8 -

2.8 7
3.2 6
2 .7 6

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

351
256
95

3.4 6
3.4 6
3.4 7

3.4 8
3 .4 4
3 .5 7

3 .2 5 3 .2 6 3 .2 3 -

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

263
232

3.5 9
3.5 7

3.6 2
3.5 8

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

183
142

3.6 8
3.6 7

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S4 ---------------------------

3 ,6 8 2
865
2,817
1,980

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -----------------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

27
20
7

25
25
-

28
23
5

-

108
83
25

339
312
27

6

328
19
19

500
423
77
30

648
617
31

580
546
34

-

154
133
21
16

40
2
38

106
86
20

33
30
3

73
40

77
68

58
58

12
2
10

116
7
109

10
10

9
8

3.7 8
3.7 9
3.7 5

8
4
4

5
1
4

3 .3 4 3 .3 0 -

3.9 7
3 .9 9

_

2

“

3 .6 8
3.6 7

3 .4 7 3 .4 7 -

3.9 6
3.9 3

i
i

4 .0 4
3.7 6
4.1 2
4 .2 4

4 .0 6
3.7 1
4 .1 1
4 .3 2

3 .9 0 - 4.3 4
3 .4 5 - 3.9 7
3 . 9 9 - 4 .3 5
4 .0 8 - 4.3 7

10

161

3.4 1

3 .4 5

3 .4 0 -

9 33
357
576

3.8 6
3 .8 4
3.8 6

3.9 4
3 .7 9
3.9 7

3 .7 0 - 4 .0 6
3 . 4 7 - 3 .9 5
3 .9 1 - 4.0 9

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

~

“

"

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

193
93
100

9

over

-

-

177
152
25
9

5 .0 0

-

*

11

3.4 0
3 .2 7
3 .7 1
4.1 3

132
119
13

$

5 .0 0

-

474
447
27
19

4
4

5
59

$
4 .8 0

4 .8 0

*

22

31
31

-

*
4 .6 0

4 .6 0

9

224
176
48

10
10

11

65
65

*
4 .4 0

9
-

143
58
85

46
46

3.4 9

$
3 .8 0

2

47 8

3,637
2 ,5 7 8
1,0 5 9
709




t
3 .2 0

32

2 55

2 .4 9
3 .2 0
2 .1 8
2.3 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le.

48

“

1 .7 6 2 .5 8 1 .6 9 2 .1 6 -

------------------------------------------------

18
18

3 .2 0

47
1

2 .1 3
2 .9 8
1.8 7
2.2 2

MANUFACTURING

3 .0 0

9

2.2 1
2.9 1
1 .9 3
2 .2 3

MATERIAL HANDLING --------------

S
3 .0 0

-

652
189
4 63
148

LABORERS,

$
2 .8 0

_

3 .6 8

2.5 5
3 .0 7
1.9 7
3 .2 6

1.6 0

$

3 .5 6

3 ,1 8 6
1,673
1,513
83

$

$
3 .2 9
3 .5 8
2.1 9

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

»

o
o

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d iv is i

*

*

Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

2

“
18
18

10

5
5
-

-

273
7
266
240

-

636
213
423
423

203
195
8

161
9
152

206
87
119

45
30
15

29
14
15

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

109
109

235
235

228
205

56
56

68
68

2
2

12
12

7

11

7

11

12
12

2
2

5
5

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

i

56
55
1

30
29
1

22
14
8

73
69
4

64
38
26

62
41

52
48
4

25
11
14

3
-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

21

3

“

-

-

-

11
9

23
23

20
20

55
55

38
33

38
20

38
35

11
10

4
4

_

6

_

-

6

5
2

6

15

43

47

4

41

38

30
28

30
13

1

12

-

i
i

1
1

1
1

_
-

50
23
27

39

90
60
30

301
201

587
134
453

847
49
798
616

1206
73
1133
1131

161
1
160
154

10
10
-

21
21
-

30

287
198
89
28

“

“

12

12

89

5

13

12

3

-

-

-

48
21
27

68

122
74
48

351
106

210

20
11
9

6

-

1
1

4

39

62
6

4

39

6

-

-

37
2

”
-

~

-

30

24

-

6
24

22
2

10

10

100
14

7

245

11
199

-

40
40

-

-

21

Ta b le A -5 .

C u s to d ia l and material m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ------C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1970)
Number of workers rec eiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
*
$
*
S
S
$
S
t
s
*

H
ourly earn gs2
in
Occupation1 and industry division

*

N ber
um
w ers
ork

1 .5 0

M
ean3 M
edian 3 M
iddle range3

t

t

$

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

t
4 .2 0

t

1 .9 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

1 .7 0

i .e o

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

over

91
84
7

165
27

547
26
521
416

509
49
460
458

89

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S4 -------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 4 -------------------------TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

t

1 .8 0

and
under
1 .6 0

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -

t

1 .6 0

%
1 .7 0

S

$
1 ,4 6 9
255
1 ,2 1 4
962

549

4
3
4
4

.1
.8
.1
.2

$
2
4
8
3

4
3
4
4

.0
.7
.0
.3

$

$

8
7
9
1

4
3
4
4

.0
.6
.0
.0

1
1
3
6

-

4
4
4
4

.3
.1
.3
.3

4
2
5
7

4 .0 1
3 .6 3
4 .0 4

3
2
3
4

.6
.8
.7
.0

2
7
6
6

-

4
4
4
4

.3
.2
.3
.4

5
4
6
0

25

273

3 .9 5
3 .6 7
4 .0 3
4 .2 1

4 .3 3

1 ,9 1 5
1 ,7 0 1
214

3 .5 5
3 .5 8
3 .3 0

3 .4 9
3 .5 1
3 .3 3

3 .2 2 3 .2 5 -

3 .8 7
3 .8 7

2 .8 2 -

3 .8 7

5

189
178

3 .3 8
3 .3 7

3 .3 5
3 .3 4

3 .2 1 3 .2 1 -

3 .7 0
3 .6 9

4
4

115
434

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

16

3

-

37

3

-

-

37

62

117

37

52
10

108
9

8
8

30
30

67
63

_

80

58

78

114

66

6

1
57

78

10
104

66

-

“

-

224
198
26

-

~

*

*

_

-

_

~

22

281
247
34

377
363
14

185
185

20

47
47

17

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Milwaukee, W is., May 1970)




i
i
-

45

C u s to d ia l and material m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — large e stablishm ents

See footnotes at end of table.

1
1

-

81

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.

Ta b le A -5 a .

3
3

—

91

3
5

1
88
88

3

35

-

138

3

16
10

37

25

1

-

6

-

78

104

66

241
170
71

23
15
8

360
360

3
3

9
5

3
3

~
_

1
1

16
16

22

Custodia l and material m o ve m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — large estab lishm e n ts----- C o n tin u e d

Ta b le A -5 a .

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1970)
Number of worke rs receiving straight -time hourly earnings of -----

Hourly earnings 2

s
Under
Me an 3

Median 3

Middle range3

PORTERS,

AND

AND

CLEANERS

-------

$
2 .8 6 2 .9 3 -

$
3 .4 4
3 .4 5

$
3 .1 3

$
3 .2 4

2 .8 2
3 .2 6

2 .7 8
3 .2 5

2 .9 2 -

3 .6 0

175
262
148

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

1 ,1 6 9
176
72

JANITORS,

2*93
2 .0 9
2 .2 3

2 .1 5
2 .2 2

2 .5 7 1 .8 7 2 .1 6 -

3 .3 2
2 .2 6
2 .3 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .3 0

t
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

*
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

t
2 .8 0

$
2. 90

t
3 .0 0

3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

I
3 .4 0

l

2 .2 0

3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

i
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

1 .9 0

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . 00

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

over

9

3

14

29

81
73
8

84

74

12
17

72
63

51
44

56
48

196
194

94
87

284
271

11

°4

18
16

8
1

77
62
15

12

16

46
46

1 .8 0

6

and

7

6

7

7

_

_

6

3

2

16

64

14

5**

3

35

3 .5 8

3 .5 5

3 .3 2 -

\
3«7*r

3 .9 0

3 .7 1 3 .3 8 3 .3 7 -

10

34

1

-

17
11

15
15

411
386

*
*

_

a

2 .6 0

1 -»A
2#

2 .2 9 -

2 .7 9

212

3 .5 5

3 .5 2

3 .3 1 -

3 .8 4

i

47

53

75

13

47

53

25

34

54

119

3 .7 4

5C

3*56

3 .4 8 -

14
-

-

-

2
-

3*^0

2

-

^*11

^*00

8
2

90

3
1

4

3 .6 9

T .* /5
3 6 2

1 '9

4

3
2

' 0 6

111

144

6

6

32

21

17

32

42
42

4

16

19
16

26
25

37
33

3 * 27

3*00

3 . 33

2 .8 2 -

3 .8 7

3 .4 6
3 .4 5

3 .4 0
3 .3 9

3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

3 .7 2
3 .7 2

70

115

66
114
91

18

113

15

15

56
56

68
68

38
33

32
28

25
11

2

1
1

27

18

8

10

10

22
16

69

260
33

94

55

49
23

28
14

11

30
16

17

133

10

11

31
12

115
10

74
49

223
152
71

8

296
296

48

POWER

11

2

*
18

10
J

12
12

13
11

39
10

14
13

13

X ii u

(O TH E R

1
2
3
4
5

3 .2 2

2

^*35

.

2

4 .0 8

1

10

7

14
8

1

5

27

t6

2-1

16

21

10

60
8

->n
4.0

60
39
21

44
39

135
119
16

58
40
18

342
328
14

165
165

40
36

27
27

20
17

47
47

8

THAN

——— ——————————————

151

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




62

TONS,

162
m a n u fa c tu r in g

20
20

TO

1 ,5 1 3
1 ,3 0 0
213
TRUCKERS,

9

34

27
iTUIvnAliUI Aw 1

213
213

197

' *05

3. JO

i

1

3*73

(O V E R

385

1
-

' *09

2 t6
7?
HEAVY

54

21

6

4 .1 8

3 .9 4

351
(1 -1 /2

1 79
120

*

26

33

3

12
-

195

3 .9 9

3 .7 1 -

3 .7 3

608

TRUCKDRIVERS,

.

12

8

-» i

1

5

31
31

25

3
3

-

ro

51
1^0
19

1

M EDI OM

13

12

6

32
13

5

1-3

3 .8 8
3 .9 0

40

3 .9 7

3 69
3 .6 8

55
50
45

3 .9 2

265

75
10
65
65

13

3,27

532

------------------------------------------------

21

3 * 3 jl
^*96

TRUCKDRIVERS,

13

CLEANERS

1 ,9 2 0
1 ,5 3 9

CLERKS

S

and
under

t
1 .8 0

64

RECEIVIN G

%

3
3

*

1
1

23

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
T a b l e B -1 .

M in im u m entran ce salaries for w o m e n office w o r k e r s

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970)
Other inexperienced clerical workers

Inexperienced typists
Minimum weekly straight-time salary1

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of---

All
industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

All
industries

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

Nonmanufactur ng

Base d on standard veekly hours 3 of--All
schedules

40

40

All
schedules

40

Establishments studied----------------------------------------------

210

97

XXX

113

XXX

210

97

XXX

113

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum---------------------

89

51

48

38

27

121

62

58

59

44

$60.00 and under $62.50---------------------------------------------$62.50 and under $65.00---------------------------------------------$65.00 and under $ 67.50---------------------------------------------$67.50 and under $70.00---------------------------------------------$ 70.00 and under $ 72.50---------------------------------------------$ 72.50 and under $ 75.00---------------------------------------------$ 75.00 and under $ 77.50---------------------------------------------$ 77.50 and under $80.00---------------------------------------------$ 80.00 and under $ 82.50 -------------- ------------------------------$ 82.50 and under $85.00---------------------------------------------$85.00 and under $ 87.50---------------------------------------------$87.50 and under $90.00---------------------------------------------$90.00 and under $92.50---------------------------------------------$ 92.50 and under $ 95.00---------------------------------------------$95.00 and under $97.50---------------------------------------------$ 97.50 and under $ 100.00-------------------------------------------$ 100.00 and under $ 102.50------------------------------------------$ 102.50 and under $ 105.00— ------ ---------------------- ---$ 105.00 and under $ 107.50____________________________
$ 107.50 and under $ 110.00------------------------------------------$ 110.00 and under $ 112.50____________________ ______
$ 112.50 and under $ 115.00------------------------------------------$ 115.00 and over----------------------------------------------------------

_
2
4
7
10
14
15
3
13
4
2
3
3
1
5
3

_
1
3
3
2
11
11
2
6
2
1
2
2
1
2

_
1
3
3
2
10
10
2
5
2
1
2
2
1
2

_
1
1
4
8
3
4
i
7
2
1
1
i
_
3

_
1
3
7
1
1
1
6
1
1
1
3

_
3
2
5
8
12
12
4
5
2
2
1
_
1
2

_
3
2
5
7
10
11
4
5
2
2
1
_
1
2

-

-

3

3

2
5
5
7
10
4
5
1
8
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
1

4
5
5
8
2
3
1
6
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1

Establishments having no specified minimum-------------------

XXX

28

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category--------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

2

2

1

1

2
8
7
12
18
16
17
5
13
3
1
4
1
2
i
_
1
5
1
4

39

17

XXX

22

XXX

54

26

82

29

53

XXX

35

9

1 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




26




Table B-2. Shift differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m an u f a ct u ri n g plant w o r k e r s b y type and amou nt o f p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1970)
( A ll plant w o r k e r s in m an u f a ct u ri n g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t)
P e r c e n t o f m a n uf a ct ur in g plant w o r k e r s —
L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s having p r o v i s i o n s
f o r late shifts

1

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g on late shifts

S e co n d shift

T h i r d o r o th er
shift

S ec o nd shift

T o t a l ___________________________________________

91.6

84.6

20.5

No p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on late s h i f t ----------

0.3

_

(2)

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on late s h i f t ----------------

91.4

84.6

20.4

6.1

74.3

63.3

17.1

4.5

.7
-

.
.5

3.3
2.3

5.8
1.5
1.7
3.2
.3

T h i r d o r ot he r
shift

6.1
_

T y p e and amo un t of d i f f e r e n t i a l :
U n i f o r m ce n ts ( p e r h o u r ) ---------------------------L e s s than 7 c e n t s -----------------------------------7 c e n t s ___________________________________
7V o r
ce n ts ____________________ — V o r 9 c e n t s ------------------------------------------c e n t s ______
- ____________ — -------c e n t s ______________ _____
- ---------ce n t s - _______________ ___ ________—
13 c e n t s __________________ — ---------- —
14 c e n t s ___________________________________
1 5 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s ___________________________________
17 c e n t s ___________________________________
18 c e n t s ___________________________________
c e n t s ___________________________________
c e n t s ___________________________________
25 c e n t s ___________________________________
O v e r 25 c e n t s -------------------------------------------

2
82
10
11
12

8

20
22

.8

1.4
1.5
.4
26.0
4.5
7.6
11.7
1.5

1
.2
.2

.1

1.0
8.2

10.6
1.2
.6
.6
1.2

2.0
.2

17.7
8.9

3.1
9.1
2.5
1.4
3.6

1.2

4.7
-

.9
-

.2
.2
.2

14.3

5 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------7 or
p e r c e n t ____________________________
9 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------p e r c e n t ________________________________
1 5 p e r c e n t ________________________________
30 p e r c e n t ________________________________

4.3
7.2
1.9
1.0
-

O t h e r f o r m a l pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------

2.7

7.0

8

10

1 In clu des a ll plant w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g ,
e ve n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e ra t in g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .

-

.8
.1
.1

.5
(2)

.2
.4
.9
.3
.5
.2

1.6

2.6
6.1

-

.4
.2

"
1.0

o r having

.4
1.5

.9

4.6

6

.2
.1
.1

3.1

14.3

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e -------------------------------------

-

■
r

form al

.1

.2

.7

provisions covering

late shif ts,

25

Ta b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly hou rs

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s bv sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1 o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M ilw a u k ee, W i s ., M a y 1970)
Plant w o r k e r s

Offi ce w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u rs

A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------

--------------

3 l2
7/

U nder
h o u r s --------------------------------------------------3 7 72 h o u r s --------------------------- -------------- ---------------h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------- ---

3 l2
8/

3 83
/4 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------3 9 h o u r s __________________________________ _________________
40 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s --------------------------------45 h o u r s ______________________ _________ __ __
48 h o u r s ____________________________ _________ _
O v e r 48 h o u r s ------------------------------- -------- -------------

1
2
3
4
5

100

2
5
(5)

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

_
_
-

1
12
_
8
1

1
7

_
-

A ll in d u s tr ie s

1
80
4

-

-

80
4

93

3

3

4
1

2
1

6
_
1

77

M a nufacturing

100

(5)
6
_
2
91

(5)

(5)

_

_

S ch e d u le d h o u r s a r e the w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f the fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r th ey w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a ig h t -t im e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
In clu d e s data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d ition to t h o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d e s data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

(5)
100
_

26

T a b le B -4 .

P a id holidays

(P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f plant and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f paid h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1970)
P lant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
paid h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll in d u s t r ie s 3

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

99

99

99

99

3

1

(4)

(4)

( 4)

( 4)

.

-

_
4

N u m b er o f d a y s
5
6
6
6
6

h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------h o lid a y s plu s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
7 h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------8 h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s plu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------9 h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------10 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------1 1 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------13 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------

1
15
(4)
1
1
10
(4)

2

12
(4)
2
26
1
1
16
1
8

_

3

(4 )

-

3

1
1
6
(4)
1
8
3
39
1
1
23
1
12

-

(4)
12
6
2
-

9

5

5

3

6
2

(4)
1
4

2
2
50
1

-

63
1
4
14

11

2
(4 )
-

(4)

-

3

3
43

5
-

-

-

24
6
1
14
1
6
(4)

( 4)
7

12

-

22

33
38
84
84

9
37

-

4
-

4
2

19

2
10

(4)
28
9
-

-

-

T o ta l h o lid a y t im e 5
1372 d a y s .— -------------------------------- --------------------------1 1 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------9 / 2 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 72 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------7 l/z d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e -4 -------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
and no

-

-

9

13
37

4

38
80
80
88

18

26
27

55
55

69
69
81
81

96
97

23
24

28
55
56

87
87

69
75

-

38
39
91

96

96

82

89
89
95

96

98

88

96

95
95

99

99
99

98

99
99

99
99

89

99

99

92

In clu d e s da ta fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o se in d u s t r y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the sa m e a m ou n t a re c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s
h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on .
P r o p o r t io n s then w e r e c u m u la te d .




27

T a b le B -5 .

P aid v a c a tio n s 1

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is i o n s , M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., M a y 1970)
P lant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

_________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
86
14

100
80
20

99
99
-

99
98
2

100
97
3

99
99
-

( 5)

(5)

_

2
57
6
1

3
52
4

_
64
-

-

-

_
31
2
66
1
1

60
6
33
-

M eth od o f pa y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s ------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f-t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m en t-----------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s -------------------------------------------------

( 5)

( 5)

"

10
15
(5)
-

14
9
-

37
-

-

-

(5)
79
13
1

_
87
fa
5
2

_
46
30
20
-

_
28
2
69
(5)
(5)

41
15
42
(5)
1

51
18
29
( 5)
2

18
27
52
3
-

5
3
92
(’ )
(5)

6
4
90
1
1

2
6
91
-

9
11
72

11
16
66
5
2

3
66
30

1
( 5)
92

1
(5)
87
10

94

-

(5)

3
66

1
( 5)
91

30

6

10

1

2

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------1 w eek -------------------------------------------- — -— - —------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------ ------------- -------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y ea r o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek--------------------------- ---------------------1 w eek-----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------- 2 w e e k s ------------------------- --------------------- - --------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------- -

6

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------- -----------------------------

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -.-------------- ---------------------------------------- --------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ______
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

6
1

6

1

6

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta ble.




7
10
74

6

2

8

15
69
5
4

1
( 5)
86

-

94
6

28

T a b le B -5 .

P aid v a c a t i o n s '—

C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries 2

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

i
78
9
9
-

_
69
27
3
-

(5)
80

(5)
75
9
15
i

_
90

_
3
-

9

_

_

6

2

66

80

3
76

3

5

-

_
4
4
74

Amount of vacation pav 6— Continued
After 5 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks-----------------------------2 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks— -------------------3 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks------------------------------4 weeks----------------------------------------------------------

i
80
9
9
(5)

1

2

6

14
(5)

6
3
-

After 10 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks------------------------------2 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks------------------------------3 weeks______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks------------------------------4 weeks----------------------------------------------------------

(5)
13
5
70
7
5

_

11
7
69
7
7

30

2
6

10

92

6

After 12 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks------------------------------2 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks------------------------------3 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks------------------------------4 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 weeks---------------------------- —

(5)

6

7
72
7

6
2

_
4
9
69
7

8

_
3
-

66

30
-

3

6
2
79
7
4

1

10
6
2

-

2

92

6
-

After 15 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks------------------------------2 weeks____________________________ _________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks------------------------------3 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks------------------------------4 weeks ,
- -----. .
Over 4 and under 5. w eeks------------------------------5 weeks----------------------------------------------------------

<
5)

-

-

-

-

(5)
58
7

54

52
14
30
-

69
5

62
7
24
3
3

22
4
3

1
1

25
3
5

20
2
2

(5)
85
-

8
6
'

After 20 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks------------------------------2 weeks---------------------------------------------------------3 weeks — —— — —
— —— — — — — — — — —
— —
—
—
Over 3 and under 4 weeks------------------------------4 weeks ----------- ________ _ _ ___
__ _—
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks------------------------------5 weeks ........
.
----_— ,---- „------------------Over 5 and under 6 weeks--------------------------- —
6 weeks___ __ .
—
Over 6 weeks--------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




(5)
4
16
3
61

6
6
2
3

_
1

14
3
65
5
4
3
5

3
(5)
-

66
30
-

-

-

2
1
1
1

1
6
2

76
3
3

75
5
4

1

(5)

1

2
1

3

.
(5)

2

92

6
-

29

Ta b le B -5 .

P aid va cations ------C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

_

_
3
(5)

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

.
i

_
(5)

41
4
45
3

18

Amount of vacation pay 6— Continued
After 25 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks- — -------------------2 weeks---------------------------------------------------------3 w eeks— __
—
______ ______
Over 3 and under 4 weeks-----------------------------4 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 weeks___________________
5 weeks_ _______ — — — — — — ______
_
—
Over 5 and under 6 weeks-----------------------------6 weeks -------------- ---- _ - ------ -----------Over 6 weeks-----_ ------ - ---- — ------

(5)
3

12

1

(5)
36
4
37
3

9
33
3
44
4

3

5

1

1

20
30
46
-

.

2
5
48
3
39

2
1
1

2

1

3

2

6

74
-

After 30 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _
—
— —
2 weeks ----- — — ---- - ------------------- ----3 weeks — ---------------------- --------- --------- ---Over 3 and under 4 weeks ---- — ---- — —
4 weeks ---------- ------ ---- --- ----------- ----- ---Over 4 and under 5 weeks — — — ------ —
5 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 weeks-----------------------------6 weeks ---------- — _ — _ — — —
Over 6 weeks--------------------------------------------------

(5)
3

12

(5)
31
4
35
3
7
3

_

_

1

3
(5)
19
30
47
_
-

9
25
3
42
4
11
5

_

2
5
42
3
40

2
6
1

_

_

1
2

(5)

39
4
37
3

1
1

2

18

6

74
-

3

-

-

.

5

2

<
5)

Maximum vacation available
Over 1 and under 2 weeks-----------------------------2 weeks —
_______ ----- ------------ — — — — —
—
3 weeks---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks-----------------------------4 weeks______— — ____________ ___— — __
Over 4 and under 5 weeks-----------------------------5 weeks--------------------------------------------- -----------Over 5 and under 6 weeks-----------------------------ft \x/ppW
s
Over 6 weeks--------------------------------------------------

(5)
3

12

(5)
31
3
32
3

10
4

-

-

9

3
(5)

1
-

-

25

19
30
47

1

37
4
16

6

-

2
-

-

42

39

40

37
3

2

2
6
3

2

1
1

2

18

6

74
-

5

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation bonus, vacation-savings, and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers
with qualifying lengths of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payment other than "length of tim e," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks'
pay or more after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.




30

Ta b le B -6 .

H ealth, insurance, and pension plans

(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing health, insurance, or pension benefits, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1970)
Plant workers
Type of benefit and
financing 1

Office workers

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

___

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below__________

All workers_______ _______________

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

99

100

99

99

100

99

Life insurance-------------------------------------------Noncontributory plans __ --------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance------------------------------------- ---------Noncontributory plans
_
_
______
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5-----------------------------------

92
71

96
72

99
94

96

68

99
74

99
87

70
53

78
58

72
71

62
41

77
56

57
57

92

95

82

94

96

99

Sickness and accident insurance________
Noncontributory plans-----------------------Sick leave (full pay and no
_ — _____
____ waiting period)_
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)— __

79
57

95
70

45
30

63
36

79
54

43

11

5

9

63

59

62

11

1

43

15

13

34

Hospitalization insurance---- —
---- — Noncontributory plans
— ----------- ----Surgical insurance_________________________
Noncontributory plans — -----—
—
Medical in s u r a n c e ._
_
____
_____
Noncontributory plans__ __ _ --- ---- Major medical insurance____
_
__ __ _
Noncontributory plans----------------—
Retirement pension.. __ ___ __ __ _
_ .
Noncontributory plans
—
---— -

97

100
100

97
56
97
56
94
55
90
43
87

100

97

99
78
99
78
99
78
89
74
82
67

99
94
99
94
99
94
99
95
84
55

68

68
93

68

69
48
82
73

70

70
96
69
73
51
89
83

68

67

100
67
95

66

91
47
91
79

12

1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory plans" include only those plans financed entirely
by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




31

Ta b le B -7 .

M e th o d of w a g e determination and fre q u e n c y of p aym e n t

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by method of wage determination 1 and frequency of wage payment, Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries2

All workers----------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

74
71
30
41

63
62
29
33

99
99
62
37

100
79
2
77

100
78
(5)
78

100
94
16
78

Method of wage determination 1
Paid time rates----------------------------- -----------------Formal rate policy------------------------------------Single rate--------------------------------------------Range of rates--------------------------------------Progression based on automatic
advancement according to
length of s ervice______________ ____
Progression based on merit
review--------------------------------------------Progression based on a
combination of length of
service and merit review---------------No formal rate policy---------------------------------Paid by incentive methods------------------------------Piece rate-------------------------------------------------Individual----------------------------------------------Group----------------------------------------------------Production bonus---------------------------------------Individual----------------------------------------------Group----------------------------------------------------Commis sion-----------------------------------------------

8

5

23

4

1

35

15

12

(5)

48

54

4

17
3
26
9
7
2
16
11
5

17
i
37
14
11
3
23
16
8
(5)

14

26
21

22
22

40
6

-

-

-

80
16
4
(5)

88
12

33
45
19
3

1

-

1
(5)
(5)
(5)

Method of determining incentive pay of office workers not presented

(5)
"

Frequency of wage payment
Weekly^----------------------------------------------------------Biweekly_____________________________________
Semimonthly---------------------------------------------------Monthly______________________________________
Other frequency----------------------------------------------

-

28
31
40
(5)

30
23
47
(5)

1 For a description of the methods of wage determination, see Introduction.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0.5 percent.




15
72
12
-




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working sup ervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE
P repares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le ctro matic typew riter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
cle rica l work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
cla ssified by type of m achine, as follow s:

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ssifie s and indexes file m aterial such as correspon den ce, rep orts, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a small group of low er level file clerk s.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord ers, internally prepared o rd ers, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n ecessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.

Class B. Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ing s ~br~~partly cla ssified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares simple related index and
cr o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, locates clea rly identified m aterial in files and forw ards
m aterial.
May perform related c le rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s.
Class C. P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssified or which
is ea sily cla ssified in a sim ple serial cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forw ards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s simple cle rica l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and service file s.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record . The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and com putes, and usually prints automatically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' ord ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow ing: Quoting p rices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receipt of ord ers from cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd ers.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ecessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production re co rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under b iller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or record s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and exp eri­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may d irect class B accounting clerk s.
Class B. Under supervision, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffices in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




33

P rim ary duty is to operate a Comptom eter to p erform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve f r e ­
quent use of a Comptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a num erical a n d /or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, for exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation from several documents; and searches fo r and
interprets inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched. May train
inexperienced op erators.

34
SECRETARY— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR--- Continued
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a num erical and/or
alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or p rescrib ed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problem s arising from erroneous items or cod es, m issing inform ation,
e tc., are referred to supervisor.

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p e rso n s; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e .g ., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rso n s.
Class C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d ay work a ctivities of the supervisor. Works fa irly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l
and secreta rial duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal ca lle rs, and incom ing m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and rev ises the su p ervisor's file s; (c) maintains
the su p ervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews corresp on den ce, m em oranda, and reports prepared by others
for the su p ervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accu racy; and (f) perform s
stenographic and typing work.
May also p erform other c le rica l and secreta rial tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " p ossess the above ch a ra cteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "p erson al" secreta ry concept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secreta rial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or m anagerial persons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com plex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secreta rial work.
NOTE: The term "corp ora te o ffic e r ," used in the level definitions follow ing, re fe rs to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w id e policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "v ice p resid en t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corp ora te o ffice rs " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p erson s; or
b. Secretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p erson s.
Class B
a. S ecretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p ers on s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecretary to the head (im m ediately below
corporate-w id e functional activity (e.g ., m arketing,
tions"! etc.) or~a m ajor geographic or organizational
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em ploys, in
em p loy ees; or




the o ffice r level) over either a m ajor
resea rch , operations, industrial re la ­
segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000

a. S ecretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the s p ecific level situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rso n s.
Class D
a. S ecretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); jor
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, profession a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d escribed above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple re co rd s, or perform other relatively
routine c le rica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribin gmachine work, (See transcribing-m achine op era tor.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b riefs or reports on scientific resea rch from one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp on si­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accu racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, p o licie s, p roced u res, file s,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for rep orts, m em orandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. P e rfo r m s full telephone inform ation s ervice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con feren ce, co lle ct, o versea s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escrib ed for switchboard op erator, cla ss B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ice o ccu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for ca lls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and re co rd tolls.
May p erform lim ited telephone inform ation se rv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation service
occu rs if the functions of the establishm ent se rvice d are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are re fe rre d to another operator.)

35
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or cle rica l work may take the m ajor part of this w o rk e r's time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
so rte r, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. May include simple
wiring from diagram s and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or e lectrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, colla tor, and others.
P erform s com plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and p erform s difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced op erator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors perform ing tabulating-machine operations and d a y-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine op erators.

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do simple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
b riefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re c o rd s, filing record s and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for co rre ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, rep rod u cer, and collator. This work is
p erform ed under specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r cise , a com plete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the p ro ­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the machine.

Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D

T E C H N IC A L

COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes m ost of the follow ing;
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, ca rd s, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; makes adjustments to com puter to co r re ct operating problem s and meet
special conditions; reviews e rr o rs made during operation and determ ines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or p rogra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correcting
program .

Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from charts or diagram s, the p rogram er develops the p re cise
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed. Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be p rocessed ;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r machine to follow ; tests and c o r re cts p rogram s;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating e fficien cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains record s of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
graming should be cla ssified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

F or wage study purposes, com puter operators are cla ssified as follow s:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general d irection, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s may not be available. May give
direction and guidance to low er level operators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: Most of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In com m on e rr o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes correctiv e action. This usually involves applying previously p ro ­
gram ed correctiv e steps, or using standard correction techniques.

Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data processin g ( EDP) em ployees, or program ers prim arily concerned with
scientific a n d /or engineering p roblem s.
F or wage study purposes, program ers are cla ssified as follow s:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and pra ctices. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor processin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving desired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect supervision a computer running program s or segments of program s
with the ch aracteristics d escribed for class A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
Class C. Works on routine program s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received some form al training in com puter operation.
May assist higher level operator on com plex program s.




At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p rocessin g actions must occu r. This requires
such actions as development of com m on operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to low er level program ers who are assigned to assist.

36
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with persons concerned to determine
the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
program s, or on sim ple segments of com plex program s. P rog ra m s (or segments) usually
p rocess inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s may be
p rocessed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the p rogram deals with
routine record-keepin g type operations.

OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
cla ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and receiv es instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for a ccu ra cy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure prop er alinement with the overall system .

OR

Class C. Works under imm ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of proced u res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F or example,
may a ssist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p rogra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.

Works on com plex program s (as d escrib ed for class A) under clo se direction of a higher
level program er or sup ervisor. May assist higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er level prog ra m ers.

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. W orks in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator fo r con sistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d irect their preparation by low er level draftsmen.

Class C. Makes p ra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form al training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine problem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to verify its accu racy and conform ance with
required p rocedu res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

Class B . P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: P rep a res working drawings of subassem blies with irregu la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stre ss e s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.

Analyzes business problem s to form ulate proced u res for solving them by use of electron ic
data p rocessin g equipment. D evelops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
p rogram ers to prepare required digital com puter p rogra m s. Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and crite ria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of re co rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the developm ent of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

Class C. P rep a res detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric p rojection s
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less com plete when assignm ents recur. W ork may be spot-ch ecked during p ro g re ss.

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes,

DRAFTSM AN-TRACER

system s analysts are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of d iverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re co rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p rocesse d through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) C onfers with persons con ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new o r revised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes r e c o m ­
m endations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P rob lem s are of limited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are clo se ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

M A IN T E N A N C E

C opies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring clo s e d elin ea tion .)
a n d /or
P rep a res sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s. Work is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A reg istered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other p ersons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
fa ctory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

AND

PO W ER PLA N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P erform s the carpentry duties n ecessa ry to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cr ib s , cou nters, benches, partitions, d oors, flo o rs , sta irs,
casin gs, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m od els, or verbal instructions using a variety

of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials necessary
fo r the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




37
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctrica l equipment such as generators, tra n sform ers, switchboards, co n tro lle rs, circuit break­
e rs , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
ele ctrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or e lectrica l equipment; and using a variety of e lectricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electricia n requires rounded tra in ­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrigera tion , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b oile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trades, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le ss e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also p erform ed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig b o re rs ,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processin g items requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n ecessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d re s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishment. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
wrenches, gages, d r ills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing




MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ecessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssification are workers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tre sse s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishment.

of mechanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix co lo rs , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and measuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co rre ct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m ber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, ox other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working machines; using a variety of

38
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal a rticles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m ak er's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescrib ed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

C U S T O D IA L

AND

F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

M A T E R IA L

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
ord er, using arm s or fo rce where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises p eriod ically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

M O VEM EN T

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May d irect or assist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n eces­
sary record s and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa ctory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance se rv ice s ; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-salesm en and
ov e r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study p urposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)

FILLER

(Order picker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers' ord e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating items filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckd river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ckdriver, medium (1V to and including 4 tons)
2
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations p erform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using ex ce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasolin e- or electric-p o w e re d truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -------

The tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r as BLS B u ll e tin 1654, Nat iona l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1969. S e v e n t y - f i v e
ce nts a c o p y .




A re a W a g e Surveys
A l is t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d stu die s c o n d u c te d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1969 1_______________ - __________________
Alb a ny— c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970____________
S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1__________ ___ ____ __
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s to n , P a . - N . J . , M a y 1970 1—
B
E
Atla nta, G a . , M a y 1970 1 __________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1969________________________________
B e a u m o n t r - P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1_____
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970------------------------------------------B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N o v . 1969_____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969________________________________
B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1969___________________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t ., M a r . 1970_______ ___ __________ - ________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1970.1 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a „ A p r . 1970 1 -------------------------------------C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 ______________________________
Ch atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y.—I n d . , F e b . 1970----------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1969------ -------------------------------------- C o lu m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1969-----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , O ct . 1969----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t— o c k I sla nd— o l i n e , Iowar-Ill.,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1_______________________________________- __________
D ayto n, O h i o , D e c . 1969___________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 969 1_________________________________
D es M o i n e s , Iowa, M a y 1970 1_—_________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , F e b . 1970________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct. 1969--------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 ------ -—- — —— ---- — — ----------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1970-----------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1970---------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1969---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1970________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969-----—
K a n s a s C ity, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1969-------------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1970 1 — --------H
L it tle R o c k — o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1969-----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a lif . , M a r . 1970--------------------- ------------L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1-------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 - ________________ ____________ _
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Nov. 1969 1_______________________
M ia m i, F i a . , N o v . 1969_______________
—
M id la nd and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M ay 1970 1 ____________________________ M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1-----------—


Data on establishment


B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-1 1,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 ce n ts
30ce n ts
35ce n ts
o5 ce n ts
50ce n ts
35c e n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
25ce n ts
45 ce n ts
45 cen ts
25 ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30ce n ts
65 ce n ts
35cen ts
40 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1 6 60- 18 ,
1660-8,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1660-2,

35 ce n ts
30 cen ts
40 cen ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
30 cen ts
35 ce n ts
35ce n ts
30c e n ts

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35cen ts
30ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30 cen ts
35ce n ts
50 ce n ts
50 ce n ts

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

M u sk e g o r r - M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1969 _______ 1 6 2 5 - 8 0 ,
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., Jan. 1970 1____________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 7 ,
New H av e n, C on n., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1___________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 0 ,
New O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970-------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 4 2 ,
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
1 6 2 5 -8 8 ,
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t New s—
P
H am pton, V a . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 9 ,
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., J u ly 1969 1
_______________________
1 6 6 0 -1 7 ,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1969__________________________ 1660- 12,
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1969------------------- 1 6 2 5 -8 7 ,
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , Nov. 1969 1 _____________________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 8 ,
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 7 0 ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1970 1---------- ------------------------------------ 1 6 6 0-6 0 ,
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1969 1_____________________________ 1 6 6 0-2 6 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1970 1_____________________
1 6 6 0 -7 7 ,
P r o v i d e n e e — a w t u c k e t — a r w ic k , R.I.—M a s s .,
P
W
M a y 1970------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 6 0 - 7 2 ,
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969---------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 -6 ,
1660-65,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s only ),
J u ly 1969------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 6 0 - 4 ,
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 5 ,
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970____________________________ 1 6 6 0 -6 6 ,
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, Nov. 1 9 6 9 * _______________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 0 ,
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1970--------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0-7 1,
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e —O n t a r io , C a lif . ,
R
D e c . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 3 ,
San D ie g o , C a l i f ., Nov. 1 9 6 9 1 ____________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 6 ,
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakla nd , C a l i f ., O ct. 1 9 6 9 1____________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 3 ,
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1_____________________________ 1 6 6 0 -2 4 ,
Savan nah, G a ., M a y 1970 1 _______________________________
1 6 6 0 -8 0 ,
S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------------- 1660- 15,
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970______________________
1660-52,
S io u x F a l l s , S. D ak., Sept. 1969_________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 4 ,
South Ben d, Ind., M a r. 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 6 2 ,
Sp okan e, W a s h ., June 1970 1 --------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 -8 6 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J uly 1969------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 -1 3 ,
Tampar-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1______________
1 6 6 0 -7 ,
T o l e d o , O hicr-M ich ., F e b . 1970___________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 6 ,
T r e n t o n , N .J ., Sept. 1969_________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 2 1 ,
Utica—R o m e , N . Y ., J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------- 1660- 1,
W a s h in g t o n , D .C .—Md.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________ 1 6 6 0 -1 9 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1___________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 4 ,
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan. 1970------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 4 5 ,
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 19 70 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 -6 9 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , May 1970 1----------------------------------------- 1660- 78,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 * _____________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 6 3 ,
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1 969 1_________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 8 ,
W

30 ce n ts
50ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
60 ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
35c e n ts
60 ce n ts
35ce n ts
50cen ts
35cents
40 ce n ts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
40cen ts
30ce n ts
35ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
30cen ts
35cents
50ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
25ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
30ce n ts
50ce n ts
35cen ts
30cen ts
35cen ts
35ce n ts
35cen ts
35cen ts

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
BUREAU OF L ABOR STA TI STI CS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




P O S T A G E AND FE ES PAID
U .S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
I
------------------------- --------------------------------

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102