View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area
Wage
Survey

Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
Metropolitan Area
April 1977

Bulletin 1950-14
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




A?

Preface
T h i s b u l l e ti n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an A p r i l
1977 s u r v e y o f o c ­
c up atio nal e a r n i n g s
in the M i l w a u k e e , W i s c o n s i n , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a . T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r Sta­
t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It w a s con du ct ed by the B u r e a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h ic a g o , 111., u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o i s L . O r r ,
A s s is ta n t R egio n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O p eration s.
T h e s u r v e y could not
h a ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d with ou t the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e
w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in
this b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the
coo peratio n r e c e iv e d .

M a t e r i a l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b li c d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e c red it




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

Labor

S t a ti s ti c s

and

cite

the

na m e

and

number

of

this

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fits
a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the M i l w a u k e e a r e a f o r the n o n f e r r o u s fo u n d r ie s ( M a y 1975),
h o s p it a ls (A u g u s t 1975), c o r r u g a t e d s o l i d f i b e r b ox es ( M a r c h 1976), and
n u rs in g h o m e s ( M a y 1976) i n d u s t r i e s .
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union
w a g e r a t e s f o r b u il d in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s . (S e e
back c o v e r fo r a d d re s s e s.)

Area
Wage
Survey

Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
Metropolitan Area
April 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

June 1977
Bulletin 1950-14

In tr o d u c tio n --------------------------------------------------------

2

T ablest
A.

E a r n in g s , all e s ta b lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e arnings o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s --------------------------------------- 3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e arnings o f p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ica l w o r k e r s -------- £>
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
technical w o r k e r s , b y s e x ----------- 8
A - 4 . H o u r l y e arnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, to o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------- 10
A - 5 . H o u r l y e arn in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l

A*-6.

A -l.

w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------11
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
m ainte nance, to o l r o o m ,
powerplant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c u s tod ial w o r k e r s ,
by s e x -----------------------------------------13
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly e a rn in gs , adjusted fo r
e m p l o y m e n t s h if ts , f o r s e ­
l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ----------14

E a r n in g s , l a r g e e s ta b lis h m en ts :
A - 8 . W e e k l y e arn in g s of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s --------------------------A - 9 . W e e k l y e arn in g s o f p r o f e s ­
sional and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s --------- 17
A - 1 0 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arnings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x ------------ 19
A - l l . H o u rly e arn in g s of m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------- 21
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.




A - 1 2 . H o u r l y e arnin gs o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial
wo rke r s -------------------------------------- 22
A - 13, A v e r a g e h o u r ly earnings of
m ainte nance, to o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la nt, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and custo dial w o r k e r s ,
by s e x ------------------------------------------23
Ap p end ix A .
Ap p end ix B.

Scope and method o f s u r v e y ---------- 25
Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s ------------- 29

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h i c h th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ’ s B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In eac h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h i s r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s ta b l e s .

E ach y e a r a fte r a ll individual a r e a w ag e su rvey s have been c o m ­
p l e t e d , t w o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data , f o r
a l l Sta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c lu d in g
A l a s k a and H a w a i i .

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d
t o d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h the a n a l y s i s o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , inc lud in g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g p la nt l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used b y th e U.S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b l e s
T a b l e s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in oc c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m a n u f a c tu r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 t h ro u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c han ges in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r e j l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a i n te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to
w a rra n t sepa rate presentation .
T h i s ta b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d by e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
i n c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e appendix A.
A ppendixes
A p p e n d ix

A

wage survey p ro gra m

d e s c r ib e s

th e

m eth o d s

and

co n ce p ts

used

in

th e

a rea

and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A ppendix B p r o v id e s jo b d escrip tion s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y oc c u p a tio n .

used by B ureau fie ld e co n o ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. W e e k ly earnings of o ffic e w o rkers in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A pril 1977
^^^W eieldy^arningT^"™ "
( standard)
Number

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n
workers

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m ber o f w o rk ers
S

%

85

Mean2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

95

100

s tr a ig h t- tim e
S

110

120

w e e k ly

$

S
130

140

e a r n in g s o f—
S

S
150

(
160

S

S
170

180

20 0

S

210

£

S

220

240

£
260

S

S
280

300

320
and

u n d er
95

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

101

220

240

260

280

300

320

over

$

$

3 9 .5

$
2 0 3 .0 0

$

2 .6 2 6

1 9 6 .5 0

1 7 4 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

13

72

152

189

282

298

236

193

345

22 2

120

68

32

28

2 0 7 .0 0

202.00

1 7 8 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

3

33

50

75

180

174

194

169

150

240

147

77

35

31

•

-

-

-

15

10

39

51

77

88
101

260

4 0 .0

-

15

1. 6 6 6

10S

-

-

8
12

19

102
12
11
8

124

7

20
8
2

10
8
2

4
-

21

6

7

3

4

14

3

25

25

33

67

16

28

960

-

-

-

3 9 .0

1 9 5 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

145

4 0 .0

2 3 6 .0 0

2 3 8 .5 0

2 1 1 .0 0 - 2 6 3 .5 0

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

123

3 9 .5

1 7 9 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 4 5 .5 C - 2 0 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1

9

10

62

4 0 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 8 7 .5 0

1 6 1 .5 0 - 2 4 2 .5 0

*

-

-

*

-

*

14

2

5

66

67

43

4

7

5

11

4

7

8
2

7

4

5

-

17

18

5

13

12

5

4

6

77

69

142

57

52

53

10
1

25

307

3 9 .5

2 4 2 .5 0

2 3 9 .0 0

2 0 8 .0 0 - 2 7 1 .0 0

_

.

.

.

-

•

-

2

3 9 .5

2 5 0 .0 0

2 4 6 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0 - 2 7 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

78

3 9 .5

221.00

2 0 1 .5 0

1 7 6 .5 0 -2 5 9 .5 0

*

-

-

-

-

-

*

2

700
462

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

220.00

1 9 5 .5 0 - 2 4 5 .0 0

_

.

•

_

-

13

1 9 5 .5 0 - 2 4 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

18

2 1 9 .5 0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 1 8 .5 0

4

11

238

3 9 .5

221.00

2 3 1 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 5 1 .0 0

-

•

-

-

-

9

14

9

5

52

4 0 .0

2 5 7 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0

2 4 3 .5 0 - 2 7 8 .5 0

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

C

1 .0 7 5

3 9 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

1 9 0 . 0LO

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 1 2 .0 0

-

-

•

-

146

185

134

7 l3

4 0 .0

1 9 8 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 7 7 .0 0 - 2 1 4 .0 0

-

-

-

—
UTILITIES
T R A D E -----

362

3 9 .0

1 8 4 .0 0

1 8 2 .0 0

1 5 9 * 5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

-

-

46

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

222.00

2 1 4 .5 0

1 8 1 .5 0 -2 5 8 .5 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 C - 1 9 9 .0 0

*

-

-

3 9 .5

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 o
1 7 7 .5p

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 5 8 .o o - ia 6 .0 0

•

1 4 3 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 - 2 0 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
SECRETARIES.

S

S
190

229

SECRETARIES» CLASS A
MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING —

CLASS

ma n u f a c t u r ing
n o n m a n u f a cturing

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------NONMANUFACTURING — —
S T E N O G R A P H E R S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----PUBLIC UTILITIES —
S E R V I C E S -------------STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING — ■
PUBLIC UTILITIES STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ---P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

TYPISTS

T Y P I S T S -------- *-----m a n u f a c t u ring

~
UTILITIES

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

PUBLIC

£

WORKERS

SECRETARIES —
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE
SERVICES

PUBLIC
RETAIL

90

r e c e iv in g

5

and

90

ALL

S

TYPISTS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

58
532
262

-

12
6

-

*

*

6
1

18
4

41

66

-

15
-

22

28

75
37

100

116

-

15

5

14

19

38

38

46

69

1

4

4

5

5

10

10
6

4

-

—

4

48
26

63
35

85

88

2
2

36
17
19

22

28

40
45

85
44

132
79

189

158

199

53

130
59

114

41
-

44

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

•

-

21
11
10

29

•

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0

195

4 0 .0

212.00

212.00

1 8 3 .0 0 -2 3 8 .0 0

60

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 4 8 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

*

-

-

555

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0

1 4 1 .5 0 - 1 8 3 .0 0

-

•

296

1 5 2 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .5 0

-

259

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 4 5 .5 0 - 2 1 0 .0 0

-

142

4 0 *0

2 0 1 .5 0

2 0 4 .5 0

1 7 9 .0 0 - 2 1 8 .5 0

*

-

-

*

270
1 .3 3 0
812
518

1 5 8 .5 0 - 1 9 5 .5 0
-

27

2

43

33

23

-

1

-

3

15

22
1
2

19

2

-

-

-

25

52

43

44

22

19

24

21

46

36

38

16

19

17

7

6

6

-

7

123

56
34

34

3

22
12

17

2
1

2
2
-

12

-

-

17
3

10
10

2
1
1
1

109

63

16

33

60

1

3

6

17

80
65

110

56

107

102
88

81

48

27

14

15

29

14

2
2

9

6

6
2

8
6

12
2
10
2

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

71

42

17

-

•

25

•

-

-

-

31

44

17

20

11
6

2
2

_

27

40
4

•

57

36
16

36

-

-

-

*

-

132

93

66

22

S I

56

49

30

13

•

125

101

55

38

9

12

19

28

6

—

74

31

38

28

13

39

37

21

24

13
-

4
4

-

10
2

15

19

37

28

17

21

•

4

-

6

4

11
2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

25

23

43

5
•

9

1
1

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

7

18

12

11

15
40
17

51

2

4

17

-

-

*

-

6

17

15

47

52

122

64

-

1
1

7

15

33

37

91

33

34

3

5

9
-

7

9

-

-

10

-

14

15

31

17

22

18

9

36

-

11

10

14

16

9

35

22
21

5

5

31
7

23

3

13

8

25

44

10

28

21
3

12
12

4
-

.

5

15

16

18

-

4

*

31

5

3

775

4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 4 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0 - 1 8 6 .0 0

_

-

-

4

14

38

80

67

94

159

81

68

43

516

4 0 .0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0 - 1 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

4

11

42

39

81

108

67

52

259

3 9 .5

1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

12
2

27

38

28

13

51

14

16

1

4
2

3

-

33
10
3

2

7

12

15

-

4

10

8

5

4

3

•

•

-

—

53

4 0 .0

2 3 8 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 - 2 6 4 .5 0

218

3 9 .0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0

7
.

.

•

•

68

3 9 .5

1 5 8 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

—

16

21
4

ISO

3 8 .5

1 4 3 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

*

-

-

-

24

19

17

51

8
6
2

990
504

-3 9 .0

1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

•

6

22

37

116

152

141

175

103

4 0 .0

1 5 3 .5 0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

•

-

-

12

31

75

68

106

30

50

17

9

486

3 8 .5

1 3 9 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

6

22

25

85

77

73

69

48

20

6

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -1 9 0 .5 0

*

—

-

—

*

9

16

15

4

10
8

11
8

487

3 9 .5

1 5 9 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

•

•

—

3

18

54

69

106

57

54

2d3

4 0 .0

1 6 6 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

-

-

—

-

3

33

22

36

51

35

27

48

3 8 .5

1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

33

55

23
15

204

22

6

6

8

75

3

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

10
2
8

1

75

36

20
2

3

24

15

35

32

68
17

55

29
4

5
5

25
50

56

9

-

7

3

-

2
2

3

1
1

-

-

-

•

1

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

18

19

14

32

8
11

2
2

•

•

-

5

9

.

•

•

•

1

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

•

•

27

11

9
9
5
7

9

9
7

7

3

5

4

4

2

11

23

6

32
23

5

9

•

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977— Continued
' ^ " w ' ee k l ^T ar n i n g^ ^ ™
(standard)

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

Num ber
s

of w o rk ers

s ~

85
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

receiving

S

s tra ig h t-tim e w ee k ly
s

$

$

earnings

$

$

of—

$

s

i

s

s

$

1

S

i

I

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19q

200

210

220

240

260

28o

300

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

18p

190

200

210

220

24Q

260

280

300

320

320

and
under
90

ALL WORKERS*—
CONTINUED
TYPISTS

- CONTINUED

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -----—
NONMANUFACTURING —
FILE C L E R K S -------------—
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

503

3 9 .0

221

4 0 .0
3 8 .S

282

$
134.50

$

138.00

129.00
1 3 5 . CC

132.00

124.50

$
$
1 1 5.50 -1 4 7.00

-

1 2 0.00 -1 4 7.00

-

1 1 4.50 -1 4 9.50

*

3 9 .0

140.00

133.00

1 1 4 .0 C -1 5 5 .5 0

7

215

4 0 .0

149.00

1 4 4 . 0C

1 2 3 .5 C -1 6 5 .0 0

-

483

3 9 .0

136.00

126.50

1 1 0 .0 C -1 4 9 .5 0

7

38

4 0 .0

194.50

205.00

1 4 7 .00 -2 2 6.00

*
-

698

98

72

69

46

17

4

12

11

28

53

32

55

20

3

45

40

14

26

14

2
2

6

70

16

95

116

78

73

79

52

19

26

31

18

26

60
33

16

76

90

47

55

53

27

4

10

3

31

14

5

4

1

3

16

7

2
2

16

1

31

36

4

7

155.50

1 4 6.50 -1 7 3.50

172.00

156.00

1 4 9.50 -2 0 8.50

-

5
4

2

7

16

3

2

151.00

1 4 4.00 -1 7 3.00

*

1

10

24

20

3

163.50

1

14

4

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

139.00
139.00

133.00
136.00

1 1 5 .C 0 -1 5 4 .n o
1 1 7 .0 C -1 5 5 .5 0

7

26
19

72
26

62
24

46

148

15

19

24
17

47
17

241

3 8 .5

138.50

130.00

11 4.00 -1 5 2.50

7

7

46

38

31

29

7

30

3 9 .5

121.50

110.50

1 0 3 .50 -1 2 2.00

-

10

69

44

117.00

1 C 7 .0 0

1 0 3.50 -1 1 8.50

*

10

69

44

11
8

15

3 9 .5

23

389

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

173
158

84

3 9 .5

140.50

128.00

11 4.00 -1 4 9.00

-

76

29

43

26

15

7

3 9 .5

146.50

143.00

1 2 0.00 -1 5 7.50

-

6

16

10

11

20

10

3 9 .0

137.00

12 1 . 0 0

1 1 2.50 -1 3 2.50

*

17

60

19

32

6

5

6
1

213

4 0 .0

155.50

144.00

1 2 7.00 -1 7 9.50

-

17

23

91

4 0 .0

175.00

164.50

1 4 9.50 -1 9 4.00

-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING- NONMANUFACTURING --------------------- —

122

4 0 .0

140.50

139.50

1 1 3.00 -1 5 4.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE
SERVICES ------------------

470

3 9 .5

147.50

142.50

1 2 2.00 -1 6 1.00

22 2

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

151.50

147.00

1 3 2.50 -1 6 5.00

248

144.00

138.00

1 2 2.00 -1 5 4.50

55

3 9 .0

128.00

124.50

1 2 2.00 -1 3 0.00

-

59

4 0 .0

1 40.50

142.00

1 2 0.00 -1 5 4.00

*

ORDER CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING -------RETAIL TRADE --------

457

4 0 .0

170.00

153.00

1 4 3.00 -1 9 7.50

-

261

4 0 .0

177.00

153.00

1 4 6.00 -2 1 3.00

-

4 0 .0

160.50

153.00

13 8.00 -1 7 0.00

51

4 0 .0

134.00

136.00

1 1 0.50 -1 5 2.00

*

2 ,3 7 7

3 9 .5

174.00

169.50

1 4 0.50 -2 0 0.00

2

1 ,095

3 9 .5

181.50

173.00

1 5 0.00 -2 0 2.00

-

1 ,282

3 9 .5

388

3 9 .0

140.50

1 39.00

1 2 1.00 -1 6 2.00

2
2

168

3 9 .5

154.50

151.00

1 2 8.00 -1 8 2.50

*

167.00

162.50

13 5.50 -1 9 9.00

932

3 9 .5

194.50

1 85.00

1 6 7.00 -2 1 0.00

-

474

4 0 .0

206.00

1 89.00

1 7 2.50 -2 2 5.50

-

458

3 9 .5

183.50

183.00

15 8.00 -1 9 8.50

-

65

4 0 .0

23 1.50

22 9.00

2 1 5.00 -2 4 2.00

132

3 8 .5

160.00

158.00

1 4 0.50 -1 8 3.00

57

4 0 .0

172.50

170.00

1 5 0.00 -1 8 2.50

5

12

19
1
18

28

31

17

15

14

11

13

11

10

7

14

9

21

1

6

18

6

4

5

5

6

62

84

49

67

27

30

5

23

31

19

6

23

47
15

70
51

79

26

19

36

8

24

1
10

38

8

12

17

27

41

113

50

28

33

2

83

20

12

12

24

10

13

7

7

10
10

8

12

10
10

3

31

30

30

16

26

2

15

3

18

29

10 6

166

203

255

221

175

179

149

25

49

106

245

7

82

130

77

124

158

43

18
18

22

81

117

97

173

91

98

55

87

17

38

64

42

48

37

40

18

21

107
13

20

11

23

5

27

21

9

1

27

15

65

69

81

117

137

7

16

34

33

83

27

8

67

1

49

35

48

34

-

-

17

6
1

3
14

196

2
1
1

7
7

93

258

15
8
7

14

165

MESSENGERS -----------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING -

39
13
26
9

15

21

167.00

52

5

18

4 0 .0 3 8 .5

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

1
22

8
20

8

6

2
-

23

See footnotes at end of tables.




98

3 9 .0

136

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
RETAIL TRADE
SERVICES * ------

34

22

12

FILE CLERKS. CLASS
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING — — --------

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING -------- -----NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE
SERVICES -------------

6
6

4

5

24

19

10

1

15

4

8

5

9
7
2

2
1
1

21

11

5

11

18

4

2

12

3

7

3

14
14

5
4

11

1
12
6

11

70

8

136
71
65
7
20

204
26
178

113
75
38

79

76
46

77

29

22

8

11

a

7

6

12

1

25

20

20

14

5

6

4

4

24
23
1
1

41
26
15
7

25

1

50

2

27
26

31

4

106
29

3

28
16

59
43
16

30
24

11
10
1
1

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

(standard)

S

Average
w eekly

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

[standard)

S
85

M ea n 2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

95

S

S

S

S
90

100

no

S

S
120

130

S
140

S

$
150

160

S

S

S
170

180

190

210

220

240

S

S

S

S

S

$
200

260

280

S
300

and
under

320

and

90

95

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

20
3

29

105

152
96

44

62
41

108

99

190
66

94

25

139
49

168

7

91

21

17

21Q

22Q

240

43

57

166

13

21

30

36

10
156

300

320

over

260

280

37

18

6

8

3

•

29

17

5

2

—

8

3
•

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS - CONTINUED
A C C OUNTING CLERKS,
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE —
S E R V I C E S -----

CLASS 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NONMANUFACTURING —
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --- *M A C H I N E B I L L E R S -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------m a c h i n e b i l l e r s
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

billing

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ---MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S ----------- MANUFACTURING —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --PUBLIC UTILITIES

3 9 .5

621

3 9 .5

$

$

$

$

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .5 0

2

18

1 5 4 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0

-

-

1 4 6 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0

824

3 9 .5

2

18

17

22

124

56

50

3 9 .0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 4 8 .0 0

2

18

17

17

38

90
41

89

256

37

24

18

30

111

3 9 .5

1 4 5 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 5 8 .0 0

*

-

-

5

21

20

10

12

17

1

135

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0

-

-

•

_

2

7

39

10

39

1 5 9 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0

-

1

27

10

1 6 6 .0 0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .5 0

*

*

1

5

1
3

7

4 0 .0

*

-

54

*

11
6

4

81

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

*

12

*

1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 - 1 7 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

24

1 1 9 .5 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0

•

1

_

19

17

12

8

30

-

1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 4 9 .5 0

*

1

-

19

17

12

1

22

-

14

12

12

2

-

14

12

12

*

30
22

1 5 8 .0 0

90

4 0 .0

1 7 1 .0 0

138
92

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .5 0

4 0 .C

1 5 5 .5 0

110

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

1

81

4 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 4 9 .5 0

1

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 7 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0

-

3 9 .5

1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0 - 2 2 2 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

2 3 0 .5 0

2 5 0 .5 0

2 0 0 .5 0 - 2 5 9 .0 0

-

3 8 .5

1 4 8 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 C - 1 5 8 .0 0

483
329
154
39
52

1,201

3 9 .5

607
594

4 0 .0

3 9 .5

87

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----

627
277
350
30

3 9 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --R E T A I L T R A D E -----

574
330
244
57
98

1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

-

6
•

•

-

-

-

-

-

_

3

1

•

•

•

.

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

12

7

-

_

*

-

7

-

12

~

12

*

—

5
-

17

2

23

-

2

16

17

10

35

17

2

9

3

-

-

*

1

-

*

*

—

9

3

-

-

-

8

*

1

-

*

*

*

20

•

7

-

12

-

_

*

7

*

12

*

•

7

9

16

43

29

55

23

76

19

32

33

28

41

33

13

29

22

25

7
-

2

10
2

8

3

3

20

16

6

8
8
-

13
13
-

-

22
-

60
16

11

5
-

10
19
-

35
19

•

9

46
26

9

4

6

-

1

3

2

3

16

6

-

-

—

1

1

4

3

7

1

4

22

2

3

-

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

*

-

-

_

8

60
39

78
34

98
45

121
71

168

173

93
41

128

8

13

1

•

14

32

5

44

50

50

87

52

17

29

3

1
•

*

-

2

3

3

13

14

5

3

5

9

14

10
5

5
8

•

21

21
12
9

42

32
96

22
5

43

86

53

n o
58

124
74

3

8

-

-

1

10
2

44

80
53

67

70
26

17

5

23

3

1

16

4

20
15

6

40

103
57

112

_
-

1

8

20
24

65
31
34

27

27

46

44

96

13

*

-

*

*

*

5

8

3

3

1

-

59

54

56

88

70
29

23
15

16

5

16

.

1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0
1 4 5 . C O - 1 9 8 .00

-

-

-

1 7 0 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

-

-

-

2 0 4 .0 0

2 0 0 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0 - 2 3 4 .5 0

“

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 C -1 9 7 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0 - 1 8 2 .0 0

-

-

-

1 7 8 .5 0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 5 7 .5 0 - 1 9 8 .0 0

-

-

-

4 0 .0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 8 8 .0 0

1 7 3 .0 0 - 2 3 4 .5 0

•

-

3 9 .5

1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 0 6 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 7 4 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0 - 2 2 6 .0 0

-

3 9 .5

1 4 1 .0 0

2 1 2 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

-

1
7

-

-

8

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

1
-

3
4
-

1
-

1 6 4 .5 0

1 3 5 .C O -1 7 3 .50

-

1

1
•

1

1
-

-

6

5

1
-

1
-

1
-

-

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

80

5

1

39

68
32

25

40

57

57
34

7
-

20

36

29

16

31

23

41

-

-

8

2

3

3

8

6

2

7

12

27

9

7

5

1

27

3

n

5

16

1

7

-

4

9

4

9

1

3

3

5

3

7

-

3

20
13

22
17

2

7
7

5

22

5

2

•

3

l

-

. -

10
2
8
8

•

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
W eek ly e a rn in g ^ ^ ^
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly e a rn in g s of—
S

A verage
w eekly

of
iters

(standard)

S
130

M e“

2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

S

$
140

150

S
160

S

S
180

200

S

S
220

240

S
260

S
280

S

S
300

320

S
340

S

S

S

360

380

400

S

420

S

S

440

460

and
under

S
130

140

480

and
150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

-

4
2

*

2

4

10

45

45

3
1

10

25

29

20

16

-

320

340

45

77

89

22

42

51

23

35

38

over

380

400

420

440

460

480

69

59

29

41

20

18

18

50
19

41

20
9

27

13

5

1

9

18

14

7

13

17

22

12
9

4

1

*3 1

3

3

1

1
-

22

1

*

*

21

360

ALL W ORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ---- ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NONHANUFACTURING —
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S A ----MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----MANUFACTURING N O N M A N U F A C T U R I M G ---------

$

3 9 ,5

$
3 4 5 .0 0

$

604

3 3 6 .0 0

2 9 9 .5 0 - 3 8 2 .0 0

-

•

-

350
254

4 0 ,0
3 9 .5

3 3 6 .5 0
3 5 6 .5 0

3 3 8 .0 0

2 9 9 .0 0 -3 7 3 .5 0

—

-

-

3 3 3 .5 0

3 0 1 .0 0 -4 1 2 .5 0

*

*

*

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

224

4 0 ,0

3 8 5 .0 0

3 7 1 .5 0

3 4 4 .0 0 - 4 1 0 .5 0

131

3 7 9 .5 0

3 7 2 .5 0

3 4 5 , 0 0 —4 0 5 . 0 0

93

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 9 2 .0 0

3 7 0 .5 0

3 3 6 .0 0 -4 3 2 .5 0

35

4 0 .0

4 6 3 .5 0

4 8 4 .5 0

4 0 6 .0 0 - 5 1 1 .0 0

309

3 9 .5

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
C L A S S A -----MANUFACTURING

•

*

*

*

-

-

-

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S (BUSINESS).
C L A S S C ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ----- — ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — --- ------ --- COMPUTER OPERATORS —
«
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING -

*

•

*

_

•

-

-

*

*

22

*

5

5

18

16

10

11

6

1

5

14

12

10

10

6

1

*

-

“

-

*

*

89

108

78

66

21

39

27

27

37

25

7

4

2

*

678

3 9 .5

2 8 8 .0 0

2 6 8 .0 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -3 3 9 .5 0

-

•

2

•
-

11

29

3 3 9 .5 0
3 0 8 .5 0

2 8 0 .5 0 - 3 8 9 .0 0
2 7 6 .0 0 - 3 6 5 .5 0

*

*

*

“

313

3 9 .5

2 6 3 .0 0

2 4 9 ,5 0

2 2 5 .0 0 - 2 8 2 .0 0

127

3 9 .5

2 7 4 .5 0

2 5 5 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0 - 2 9 0 .0 0

-

•

-

-

-

-

_

_

*

5

4

4

3 3 9 .0 0
3 2 8 .5 0

*

5

19

•

3 9 .5

17
17

23

*

4 0 .0

2
12

44

40

47

37

13

19

12

8

6

3

8

45

68

31

29

8

20

11
16

7

47

20

25

16

17

1

1

*

5

3

28

26

37

13

19

16

23

31

22

18

1

3

8

•

*

18

15

19

10

14

8

6

6

6

1

*

2

8

10

47

8

_

38

24

3

1

3

4

6

1

16

23

13

3

3

-

31

36

15

11

5

15

8

-

-

1
-

*

*

15

21

5

2

*

12

7

3
3

4
-

6

8

1
-

3

-

18
54

20
5

11

2

65
29

72

-

*

*

*

19

18

21

8

14

5

-

_

-

1

5

5

3

2

7

15

4

9

5

-

-

1

5

5

3

-

3 9 .0

2 5 5 .0 0

2 4 8 .0 0

2 2 2 .5 0 - 2 7 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

2 8 0 .0 0

2 5 7 .5 0

2 4 8 .5 0 - 3 3 2 .5 0

*

*

"

*

112
57

3 9 .5

2 4 4 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0

1 9 7 .0 0 -2 6 4 .5 0

3 9 .5

2 8 2 .0 0

2 5 ? .5o

2 3 5 .0 0 - 2 9 9 .5 0

-

-

2
-

-

11
1
10

17

11

6

4

5

125

87

97

103

76

58

26

55

3 9 .5

2 0 5 .0 0

1 9 8 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 2 1 .5 0

*

-

656

3 9 .5

2 1 0 .5 0

2 0 7 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0 -2 4 1 .5 0

1

1

40

29

354

2 0 5 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 7 1 .5 0 -2 3 0 .5 0

-

-

26

23

75

47

56

53

31

19

18

4

2

1

1

14

6

50

40

41

SO

45

39

8

4

2

1

15

28

38

2

4

1

15

21

18

1

2

*

1

13

11

9

7

21
17

21
5

22

-

25
14

24

-

.
-

16

4

1

2

1

5

23

50

46

56

33

37

4

6

1

20

31

26

60
37

27

9

14

-

3

4

3

19

20

23

29

24

23

4

3

5

2 1 6 .5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0 - 2 4 3 .5 0

181

4 0 .0

2 3 5 . 0C

2 3 8 .0 0

2 0 3 .5 0 -2 6 7 .5 0

99

2 3 8 .5 0

2 3 8 .0 0

2 0 8 .5 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

82

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 3 0 .5 0

2 3 8 .5 0

1 9 3 .5 0 - 2 6 7 .0 0

*

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

321

4 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0

2 0 8 .5 0

1 8 1 .5 0 - 2 4 0 .0 0

1

168

4 0 .0

2 0 4 .0 0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 2 5 .5 0

-

153

4 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0

2 2 7 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 4 3 ,5 0

1

•
-

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

154

3 9 .5

1 7 8 .0 0

1 7 1 .5 0

1 5 7 .0 0 - 1 9 7 .5 0

35

1 7 1 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

-

25

3

7

13
4

19

1 6 9 .0 0

60
42

16

4 0 .0

_
-

1

87

5

5
1

67

3 8 .5

1 8 9 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 6 1 .5 0 - 2 2 1 .5 0

1

10

2

18

9

9

14

4

2

11 at $ 4 8 0 to $ 5 0 0 ; 13 at $5 0 0 to $ 5 2 0 ; 3 a t $ 5 2 0 to $ 5 4 0 ; and 4 at $ 5 6 0 to $ 5 8 0 .

6

8

4

302




_

25

65

W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

-

1

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

*

m

10

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

14

30
14

186

2

8

9

70
23

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

CLASS C

33

10

*

253
113

4
4

25

*

33

*

2

12
7

*

23

*

-

58

*

50
28

2 5 4 .0 0 -3 0 1 .0 0
2 5 6 .5 0 - 3 0 5 .5 0

-

3

5

27

2 6 3 . '5 0

*

1

3

31

2 7 0 .0 0

*

“

1

11

2 7 2 .5 0
2 7 7 .0 0

-

20
9

22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 1 .0 0 - 3 3 7 .0 0

9

14

71

2 2 4 .5 0 - 3 4 0 .5 0

29

15

14

11

60

2 5 7 .5 0

24

22

9

11

*

2 7 6 .0 0

36

26

16

11

*

2 8 1 .5 0

35

17

3

22

*

2 9 6 .5 0

33

5

1

5

2 9 6 .5 0 - 4 0 0 .0 0

3 9 .5

8

1

1

5

3 1 7 .0 0

3 9 .5

2

3

1

2 9 5 .5 0 - 3 5 3 .0 0

297

4

3

2 9 6 .5 0 - 3 6 0 .0 0

3 2 8 .0 0

3 4 2 .0 0

381

5
5

4

3 2 4 .0 0

3 2 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

31

-

-

3 3 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

*

-

**

159

( B U SINESS)

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U SINESS)
CLASS 8 —
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

—

150

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ----MANUFACTURING C OMPUTER P R O G R A M M E R S (BUSINESS) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

$

8

4

*

1

-

-

1

*

*

*
*

*

*

-

-

•

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

*
*

*
*

*
*

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
U

A v erage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

L

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

M ea n 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

S
s
$
s
S
180
140
160
130
150
Under
and
s
under
130
180
140
160
150
200

S

S

1

1

200

220

240

220

240

157
148
9

---- ~5---- $

S

S

$

s

S

S

s

$

S

260

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

over

162
155
7

150
149

150
138

143

47
37

16
16

4
4

4
4

6
6

2

-

-

2

2

-

12

22

50
48
2

2

121

1

16
16

4
4

4
4

-

6
6

2
2

2
2

•

2
2

1
1

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

*

•

-

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

100

$
$
$
$
40.0 235.50 234.00 194.00-276.00
1
9
5
.
5
0
2
76.00
40.0 2 3 5 . 5 0 2 3 4 . 0 0
4 0.0 2 3 5 . 0 0 2 2 4 . 0 0 1 7 2 . 0 0 - 2 9 5 . 5 0

17
15
2

DRAFTERS* CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING-------- ------------------ —

527
511

40.0 280.00
40.0 279.00

276.00 253.50-294.50
276.00 253.50-294.50

_

•

•

-

-

2

10

*

-

-

*

•

2

10

54
51

116
116

117
116

107
106

45
43

42
33

DRAFTERS* CLASS B -------- ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------- ------------

347
311

40.0 226.50
4 0 . 0 2 2 0 .5 0

200.00-245.00
197.50-236.00

•

218.00

4
4

31
31

52
48

81
81

82
81

26
26

25
16

36
15

5
5

5
4

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ------ ----------— ----MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

308
262

4 0.0
40.0

187.00
188. 0 0

183. 0 0
184.50

159.00-208.00
159.00-208.00

26

a

23

7

8
6

DRAFTER-TRACERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

57
55

40.0
40.0

146.00
147. 0 0

152. 0 0
152.00

128.00-161.00
128.50-161.00

*17
15

22
22

5
5

MANUFACTURING------ -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 , 239
1 , 139

2 2 0 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------ --------------- ----- —

287
287

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

186
166

40.0 215.50
40.0 215.50

203.50
203.50

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------- ----- --------

148
133

40.0 245.50
40.0 245.50

238.00 220.50-260.50
238.00 220.50-256.00

* W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u te d as f o llo w s :

40.0 232.00 234.50
40.0 232.00 234.50

184.50-266.50
184.50-266.50
171.00-248.50
171.00-248.50

16
16
-

-

16
11

5

105

112

88

106

17

6

-

-

a

13

*

8

8

63
56

61
44

56
54

65
56

8
8

3
3

13
13

13
13

2
2

1

70
70

31
31

29
29

28
28

34
34

33
33

32
32

64
64

24
24

25
25

21
21

24
24

5
5

6
6

14
14

1
1

47
47

27

12
8

20

2
1

2

-

—

-

-

-

*

.

•

_

-

*

*

-

•

-

1

_

13

20

-

-

-

-

-

12

17

7

_

1

*

4 at $ 1 0 0 to $ 1 1 0 ; 2 at $ 1 1 0 to $ 1 2 0 ; and 11 at $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 .

-

10

-

*

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




80
73
7

26

16

2

-

2
-

-

2

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

•

-

-

-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OC C U P A T I O N S - MEN
j1
40.0

237.50

4 0 .0

216.00
237.50

Number
of
w o ike i»

W eekly
hours1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$

66

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of

Ar n L K j

Number
of

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

1 ,191
370

3 9.5
39.0
39.5

165.50
138.00

419
53

3 9.0

180.50
228.00

52

4 0.0

170.50

586
772

3 9.5
39.5

161.00
157.00

90

4 0.0

171.00

138
92

40.0

164.50
155.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

wUri | 1 'SUtU
$
1 7 3.50
172.50
176.00

775
516
259

40.0
40.0

68

39e5

158.00
143.50

3 9.0

146.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS

T

r

h t 1 A I L 1H A U L
SERVICES •■■■-----ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING "■■■■*•••

ACCOUNTING CLERKS,

CLASS

126

40.0 233.50
40.0 242.50

150

Ktf AIL
ACCOUNTING CLERKS,

CLASS

77

40.0

986

187.00

1ItA

M A r*vJi A v 1U “ INu
ACCOUNT
73
1Tr 1 5 15

l LLAb j A

175.50

IN C

vLLH"^y

CL

manufacturing

***'

r11663
MANUFACTURING
40.0
K t 1X X w

■■■

1

""•••**®**

234.50

11 j

19j.j 0
688

39.0

139.50

482
38

39.0
40.0

136.00
194.50

136
52
64

3 9.0

167.00
172.00
163.50

193.00
198.00

385
145
240

39.0
40.0
38.5

138.50
137.50
138.50

40.0 216.50
39.5 174.00

158

39.5

117.0.0

159
56

39.0
39.5

134.50
150.00
126.50

213
91

40.0
40.0
40.0

155.50
175.00
140.50

39.5
4 0 . 0‘
39.5
3 9.0
40.0

147.50
151.50
144.00
128.00
140.50

„ ,_
78
L IAn lu

v v L Aj j 0™**

- --

"*v

2 2 1 .0 0

698

2 2 0 .0 0

238
52

219.50
39.5 2 2 1 .0 0
40.0 257.50

1 ,072
f 1J

r iLt v L L K r S

39.5
40.0

CLAj S a
MACHINE FILLERS

no

PAYROLL CLERKj

“ ANUi

A v 1U “

iNw • • • • • • • ■ ■ • •

532
262
270

39.5
40.0
39.0

176.00
173.00
179.00

1,325
811
514

40.0
40.0
39.5

169.50
165.00
176.50

550
295
255

40.0 164.00
40.0 152.00
39.5 177.50
40.0 202.50

G E R S _ _ _ _ _ i — J — — __.i ~i i i ___ |— -

S W IT C H B O A R D

OPERATORS

■■■ ■ ■

____________________________

122

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -— — —
--------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

470

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

UHUtK vLunlx b

*

* * " a* J “ * * " *

See footnotes at end of tables.




8

222

248
55
59

-

165.00

435

3 9.5

186.00

1 1 178

39*5

168«50

NONMANUFACTURING
R E T A IL .

43
58

m1

TKAUt

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S --- -- ------------ M A N U r AC 1U N IN u

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES

__________
________
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B
manufacturing
*®*®
NONMANUFACTURING
■■■■'------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------RETAIL TRADE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

84

40 «0 2 0 3 * 5 0

270
349
29

39.5
40.0

173.50
1 7 8.50
198. 0 0

311
242
55
9

161.00
39.S 1 5 8 . 0 0
40.0 2 0 6 . 5 0
39. S 1 4 1 . 0 0

T ab le A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of o ffic e , professional, and tech n ical w orkers, by sex.
in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A pril 1977— Continued
Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC C U P A T I O N S - HEN

Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

$

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

W eekly
hours *
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

Average
(m e a n 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
workers

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

-

(BUSINESS)

—

22 2

3 9 .5

2 7 0 .5 0

147

3 9 .0

2 7 6 .5 0

64

3 9 .5

3 2 4 .5 0

111

3 9 .0

2 5 4 .5 0

83

3 9 .0

2 5 9 .5 0

103

3 9 .5

221.00

75

HWUi

1U “ INu

3 4 4 .0 0
3 6 4 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
luUolNLuj/i LLAob A
n ArtVJr A t 1Unlliu

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLASS C

(BUSINESS).

$

CLASS A
r

113
85

4 0 *0

3 8 4 .0 0

3 9 .5

3 9 4 .5 0

224

'2 2 1 .0 0
3 9 .5

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS).

2 1 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

U O H P U T L K U > t h A 1U H5f
L w n r U 1tK
IBUiiNt5

I b 1t n j A m AL» T3 1 3
5 '*
tLA55 B • • • *
U m JNvj

tL^55 A

j

3 9 .5

3 3 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

3 3 0 .0 0

__»#.*.

M AN Ur A t l U M l N u
N u N H AnWlUr
N U r A vAitU1K l N u

r.

MAN Ur At 1U H I N U
N O N n A N U r A C 1U K I N o
1 D\J j IN C . O b

I•

tL A 5 5

t

56

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ "

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

213

3 1 0 .0 0

ORAr

I t r fw

CLASS C

--------------

m*

(BUSINESS).

lt 0 8 5

iuK5f t t A 5 5
M An Ur A t l U R I N u

U R A>

DRAFTERS.
rK U w K A M H tH b

I B

U

i l N

4 0 .0

3 9 .5

CLASS B

Jf t t A J J t

---------------------------------------------

325

T

CJJ

* * * * * *

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




4 0 .0

2 8 2 .0 0

REGISTERED

tL A 55

9

"

4 0 .0

2 2 8 .5 0

t

I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ----------------

M A N U r A t IU K iN U

2 6 7 .5 0

l/ K flr 1 tn
lilt

487

A

1 6 6 .0 0

2 4 2 .0 0

U K A r 1L K 5 i

t •
195

N U N a A N U r At 1U N

*

62
3 9 .5

M A N U * A t 1U K i l i U

t U H r U 1w K

■- ■

k< 7

(BUSINESS)

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

• * * * ' _m “

2 7 9 .5 0

147

4 0 .0

2 4 6 .0 0

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 4

------ s---s---1---$---$---s---s---s---r n

Number
of

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

s

$

s

ff

s

s

s v*

5

5

i

s

4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60 9.00 9.40 9.8010.20

Mean 2

Median 2

M iddle range

2

[Under
j
and

—

—

—

—

M

—

^

—

-m m

«

m
,

•

w

m

*

•

-•

4.40 under
__________ 4,60 4.80 5.0Q 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.8Q 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60 9.00 9.40 9 . 8Q1Q.2010.60

ALL W O R K E R S

nAIli 1t™nl'lvu wnnKLIi 1t ■>J * 1

"

$

* "

$

$

$

1

6 . 6 6 — 8 .1 3

37

6 .8 5

6 .9 1

1

2

i

6 . 4 5 - - 7 .3 8

1 .0 9 8

17

1
289

48
f

168

63

13

137
119

-

-

<3.^0

.

»•W «M |w »' 1V s. 1 W AN 1W-riJ
73

11n ••!1L'lW iVW i■W v 1(All*U 1v
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

(M AC H IN E R Y)

-

7 .0 6 -

679
660

8 .3 2
8 .3 2

1 .5 4 8

7 .2 9

7 .3 1

141

7 .1 2

7 .1 2

2

8 .5 2

8 .4 3
8 .4 0

10

Jf

22
6 .5 3 -

7 .9 5

6 .3 5 -

7 .5 6

1

1

-

3

8

17

5

32

59

1

58

84

JO

I

J

20

139

91

67

m

35

116

55

32

31
29

223

226

355

60

60

60

8

276
276
16

43

22

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
7 .3 1 —

3
f.
MAINTENANCE SHEET-M ETAL

WORKERS

---

124

7 .7 3

7 .6 3

52
52

1

7 .0 9 -

8 .1 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

4

40

15

39

2

i
i

(.H J—
MA IN ItWUlivC 1KAUw j 1
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

1—
(TOOLROOM)

119

-

5 .0 3 -

7 .1 0

8 .0 7

680

7 .6 4

8 .0 3

7 .0 9 -

1 .1 5 1

8 .2 7

8 .2 4

8 .0 5 -

7

32

1

8

9

26

2

29

i

1

i

45

22

28

43

86
86
11

13

J

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




_

8

-

6 .6 4 -

JJ

4

15

10

88

266

50

58

60
60

150
150

431
431

IOC

20

33
31

11

100

15

31
31

4

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
2 .2 0
Mean2

Median*

Middle range *

s
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

i —
2.60

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2»80

S

$

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

1 ------3 .4 0

3 .0 0

3 .4 0

3 .8 0

an d

U> 4*

s

•

Number
of
workers

S
T
i 4 .2 0 4 .6 0 5 .0 0

s ------- “5------- T -------1 ------- $
5 .4 0 5 .8 0 6 .2 0 6 • 60 7 .0 0

s

s
7 .8 0

S

7 .4 0

8 .2 0

$
8 .6 0

J
9 .0 0

7 .8 6

8 .2 0

8 f 6p

9 ,0 0

9 .4 0

1

-------T -----9 .4 0 9 .8 0

1

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

00
o

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings

and

under

2 .3 0

4 , 2 ()

4 .6 0

5 • 00

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

9 .8 0

over

ALL W O R K E R S
$

$

$

$
30

999
X»

8 .6 0

...

i 1 UL

155
76

1
1

1

C
.Ju

J
5 • 30

300

TRUCKDRIVERS*

1f J

4 .0 0 -

HEAVY TRUCK
043
283

7 .7 5
6 .5 3

'8 . 1 2 8 .6 0 *

TPUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
lU 1r>CK 1Hnli 1K A I L t H / ••• ■ ■ ■ “ ■ “ ■

59
59

26
22

48
10

304
198

40

20

36

J

83
1

64

1

521

144

195

13

7.JJ-

1 .2 6 4

54
51

52

J

8 .6 0

6 .8 5 -

1

8

31

27

650

.3 2 5

—
-J

0J

—• J J

JX
314

582
527

5 .1 7
4 .7 2

2 .8 1 6

5 .6 9

292

8 .3 8

6 .0 8

6 .0 8 -

5 .1 6

3 .4 7 -

i
5 .8 6
5 .3 6

24

12

23
31

61

45
34

30

14

116

53

119

8

7

12
37

12

138

86

~33
251

57
1

37

1

i
1

4*CC

.Ktl M X »

1

UC

5 .1 5 -

8 .5 4

8 .5 4 -

1

See footnotes at end of tables,




19

8 .5 4

388
1 .2 5 9

5 .4 0
2 .6 9

5 .4 9

4 .5 2 2 .4 0 -

6 .2 0
2 .6 2

3
372

273

69

21

m

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- -------

527

55

44

23

41

26

24

80

47

67
15

9

4

26

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f

Hourly earnings *

N
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

s

S

L

S

S

S

1 ---- 1 ---- 1 ---- s----

S

s---- T ----- S----

s

S

s

s

i -----

S

S

s—

f ----

-%----

2. 20 2.3 0 2.4 0 2.60 2.8 0 3.0 0 3.4 0 3.8 0 4. 2 0 4 . 6 0 5.0 0 5 .4 0 5.8 0 6.2 0 6.6 0 7.0 0 7 .4 0 7 .8 0 8 . 2 0 8 .6 0 9.0 0 9.4 0 9.80
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
u n der

and

2 . 30 2.40 2,6Q 2,8 0 3.00 3,4 0 3.80 4 . 2 0 4. 6 0 5.0 0 5.4 0 5 .8 0 6.2 0 6.6 0 7.0 0 7.4 0 7.8 0 8 .2(1 8 ,6Q 9.0 0 9.4 0 9.8 0

over

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN

- CONTINUED

GUARDS *
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- -------------------

$
5 .2 8

$
$
4 . 3 2 - 5 .7 3

241

$
5.1 5

— ---

147

5.81

6.20

5 . 4 7 - 6.54

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S ------MANUFACTURING —
— —
— —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------- ----------—
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------R E T A I L T R A O E ---------------------

3. 3 28
1,428
1.900
131
216

3.8 9
5.2 8
2. 8 4
4 .7 0
3.3 0

3. 4 9
5.3 3
2.40
4.69
3.0 0

2 .4 0 4 .6 3 2 .3 5 3.4 12 .8 0 -

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING — —

— —

—

5.23
5.96
3.00
5.64
3.79

*

*

*
-

555
555

-

1

-

*

20

23

41

26

15

66

27

—

-

*

20

-

“

-

-

-

*

-

*

*

24

-

*

*

9

14

20

67

9

4

-

-

679
679

151
45
106

83
1
82

125

95
57
38

257
202

-

3

368
357
11
10

102
92
10
1

9
•
9
9

30

25

65

1
1

139
127
12
12

2

-

288
268
20
19

8

-

197
137
60
7

88
85
3

-

182
43
139
61
20

31

*

21

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3

12

9

116

21

55

1

3
*

-

5

3
3
-

-

2
2

-

-

-

—

—

•

•
•

-

•

—

•
-

-

-

••
-

—

-

—

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
ana custodial workers, by sex, in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
A v e rage
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnings 4

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

MAINTENANCEt TOOLROOM* AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES

195
139
56
37

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS -------MANUFACTURING -------- --------

1.098
942

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- -----------

97
73

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------ r—
MANUFACTURING -----------------

679
660

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING —

1.548
1.407
141

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
$
7.45 TRUCKORIVERS
MANUFACTURING
7.41
NONMANUFACTURING —
7.54
PUBLIC UTILITIES
6 .8S
RETAIL -TRADE
8.27
8.23
TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING -7.68
7.62
TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) —
MANUFACTURING
8.32
NONMANUFACTURING ----- —
8.32
PUBLIC UTILITIES ----7.29
TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
7.31
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) --7.12
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES
7.88
SHIPPING
CLERKS -7.89
MANUFACTURING
7.87
7.87
RECEIVING CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING —
8.41
NONMANUFACTURING —
8.43
RETAIL TRADE
7.73
7.74 SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING —

Number
of
workers

3.215
1.751
1.464
985
224
535
308
839
281
558
475
1.254
403
325

574
279
295
281

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS
MANUFACTURING -------

292
286

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS
MANUFACTURING —

124

MILLWRIGHTS ----MANUFACTURING

319
314

8. 10
8. 10 W A R E H O U S E M E N ------------

304

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS
MANUFACTURING

119
95

5.95 ORDER FILLERS —
MANUFACTURING
6.27

424

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING -----------------

679
679

7.64 SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING
7.64

987
955

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING --

1.151
1.151

STATIONARY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING —

130
107

BOILER TENDERS --MANUFACTURING ----

246
232




200

156

358
249
109
82
341
278

68 8

8.27 MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING —
8.27
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
7.23
RETAIL TRADE
7.27

2.643
2.052
591
292

6.26 FORKLIFT OPERATORS MANUFACTURING -6.26
NONMANUFACTURING

2,342
2,195
147

See footnotes at end o f tables.

13

Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
w oiken

A v erage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES)
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES

122

Average
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earning*4

201

GUARDS AND W A T C H M A N ----------------------------- -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------8. 1 0
SERVICES --------------------------------------------------4.46
GUAR0SJ
6.09
MANUFACTURING----- ------------5.12
WATCHMENJ
MANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
7.76
6.53 JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS ------8.37
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------8.51
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------7.58
7.48
7.70
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
6.18
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
6.29
i.o o

6.78
7.27

5.21 ORDER FILLERS --------------------------------------------------5.38
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------4.83
NONMANUFACTURING — ------------------------------4.69
SHIPPING P A C K E R S ---------— — — — — —
5.59
MANUFACTURING -----------------5.63
MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ----- --6.42
MANUFACTURING---------------- 5.76 FORKLIFT O P E R AT OR S----- ---- — ---—
5.82
GUAR0S AND WATCHMEN --------------5.72
NONMANUFACTURING-------- ------5.70
JANITORS, PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --5.70
MANUFACTURING ------------------5.50
NONMANUFACTURING------ --------t>*^l
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------3.38
RETAIL TRADE -----------------3.90 |
SERVICES ------------ --------6.47
6.49
6.13

1,582
3«7
1,195
1,138

$
3.35
5.40
2.69
2.58

240

5.14

147

5.81

2.411
1.151
1,260
67
162

4.09
5.31
2.98
5.88
3.41

421
158
263

3.65
3.44
3.78

334
159

4.09
4.39

173
152

5.59
5.67

52

6.34

65
64

2.78
2.73

917
277
640
64
54
515

3.35
5.12
2.58
3.47
3.00
2.41




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Milwaukee, Wis., for selected periods
In d u s tr y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p 5

M a y 1972
to
M a y 1973

M a y 1973
to
M a y 1974

M a y 1974 to A p r i l 1975

A p r i l 1975

11 - m o n th
in c re a s e

A n n u a l r a te
o f in c re a s e

A p r i l 1976

A p r i l 1976
to
A p r i l 1977

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l
____ ____
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
___
I n d u s t r ia l n u rs e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s _______________________
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s __________________________

5.5
( 6)
5.2
5.4
5.9

7.2
( 6)
6.9
7.6
8.0

8.7
8.5
9.4
10.2
8.8

9.5
9.3
10.3
11.2
9.6

8.3
8.0
8.2
8.6
9.3

7.2
7 .0‘
6.5
8.6
7.2

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l
___
_ __ _
F le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g
I n d u s t r ia l n u rs e s
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e tra d e s
..
_ ____
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s __________________________

5.0
( 6)
5.2
5.1
5.8

7.0
( 6)
7.1
7.4
8.1

8.6
8.5
9.6
10.9
11.2

9.4
9.3
10.5
11.9
12.3

7.7
7.9
7.6
8.3
9.3

7.9
7.2
6.7
9.1
8.2

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________
E le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g _______________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u rs e s
U n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s __________________________

6.3
( 6)
( 6)
6.3

7.4
(‘ )
( 6)
8.1

8.8
8.8
( 6)
4.7

9.6
9.6
( 6)
5.1

9.1
8.2
( 6)
9.4

6.8
(‘ )
5.1

See footn otes at end o f tables.

14

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
W eek ly earnings1
(standard)

2

M iddle range 2

100

S

S

S

s

S

s

S

n o

12 0

130

140

15 0

16 0

170

180

n o

12 0

130

140

15 0

160

170

180

190

18

21

28

47

*6 0

and
under
90

s

s

s

1 -------

s

200

210

22o

240

260

i —
280

200

210

220

240

260

280

38

33

32
8

87
36

«JJ

14

29

67

10 9

S------- s -------300

320

300

320

over

JJ

23
12

1

35

39

22

19

52

17

and

WORKERS

Al L

N w N "AI'IUr AV* 1UKiNu • •
K t 1A X k

95

s
100

1

M edian

95

o

M ean 2

s

S
90

p*

s
85

O

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f
J

m

Number
of
wodcers

A verage
w eekly
hours*
(standard)

1It A Uu

j t L H t 1AK I t
MANUr AC I U K I N b

"™

mm

"""

513
113

$

$

$

$

2 0 3 .0 0
2 4 2 .0 0

l

1 9 6 .5 0
J o .9 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -2 3 5 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0 -2 6 2 .5 0

2 6 0 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0

2 3 1 .5 0 -2 8 8 .5 0
2 3 5 .0 0 -2 8 8 .5 0

16

**
A
"•••• -

b t t K k 1AK I t ^ v t L A b b

" "

"

13 • • • * •

35
29

o
J

1A A i t w f

LLA6b

1A H i L w f

LLA «>b

824

C

1t N v v * 'A r nLHw

1 9 5 .0 0

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0

C Jw •5 0

2 3 0 '. 50

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 6 1 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0

l

11

23

33

43

110

131

108

92

“

10
i
i

U ™
195

j

1 9 9 .5 0

17
5

24

26

33

40

25

j

f

j

j

8

A O .O
72
j j

207^50

17 0

7

1 8 3 .5 0 -2 3 8 .0 0

11

10

15

19

37

n

1

•71

!?
3

11

1

J3
ID O •3 0
n A N w rA v 1

i Nw

—* J " "

•

429

4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

613
398

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 5 4 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0

1 5 3 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

32
12

37

66

90

86
60

92
66
26

97
71
26

75
46
29

45
27

28
22

26
17

17

39

53
36
17

67
51

43

31
25

26
20

22
15

8

33

16

10

6

6

47
39
8

39

30
20
10

32
13
19

14
2

2
2

9

45
29
16

26
15
11

46
22
24

21
19
2

13

12

11

42
25
17

3

1 T r 1 j 1J l

L.LA j j

13

6

A
250
39.

TYPISTS. CLASS

8

B ---------------------------------

HA NU r AL 1U K l n u

"

263

9

3 9 .5

1 4 3 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

3
3

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 n

8

10

36
22

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

8

6

14

*
7

17

7
NONHANUr Av IUKiNb

* "

12

See footnotes at end of tables.




u

15

21
18

52

5

*

30

18

*

5
A
1

15

11

15

17
8

23

23

7

12

7

10

12

5
7

3

2

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977— Continued
^ ^ ^ W eek l^T a rn ln g '^^^™
(standard)

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of---S

A verage
w eekly

S

85
M ea n 2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

and
u n d er

90

S

90

S

S

$

95

100

110

H P

120

S
120

S

S

130

140

150

5

170

160

r ~

*

180

190

t

5
200

21 0

S

S

240

22 0

S ‘

280

260

300

-

i

----------

320
and

95

100

130

140

150

160

170

180

19Q

200

34

22
12
10

41
17
24

14

10

-

12
2

5
5

2
1
1

12

6

-

5

-

1

*

21 0

220

240

260

280

300

320

3

3

15
5

-

•
•

-

-

-

4
3

2

2
1

-

-

1

10

2

-

*

*

7
4
3

18

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

F ILE CLERKS - CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

7

6

2

-

-

—

7

6

2

14
7
7

26
18
8

22
12

43
16
27

20
8
12

21
11
10

20

7

3
1
2

14
7

13
13

101

39.5 142.50 136.00 118.50-153.00
40.0 141.00 136.00 120.50-153.00
38.5 143.50 138.50 115.00-149.50

MESSENGERS
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ------ ------

105
84
81

39.5 151.00 135.00 115.00-159.00
40.0 147.50 142.50 119.50-157.50
39.0 155.00 129.00 114.00-233.00

-

•

•

8

-

-

-

*

-

*

5
3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ---------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ----

139
89
50

39.5 166.00 163.50 139.00-192.00
40.0 175.50 165.50 149.50-194.50
39.5 149.50 144.00 116.00-185.00

-

4
-

-

*

4

5

1

1
6

52

40.0 175.50 159.50 146.53-194.00

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

160

40.0 178.00 165.50 140.50-215.00
40.0 192.00 184.00 147.50-221.00

.

1

-

11

*

-

*

12
2

8
6

2

2

1

•

-

2
2

2
2

1
'1

56
16
40
38

71

-

24
7
17
17

51
43

-

-

_

-

1

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

FILE CLERKS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSORDER CLERKS
MANUFACTURING ---------------

205
104

122

1,192
549
643
257

39.5
40.9
39.5
39.0

183.00
193.50
174.00
140.50

183.00
185.50
175.00
135.50

144.00-212.00
155.00-225.00
136.00-212.00
121.00-160.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---RETAIL TRADE ------------------

435
270
165
43
58

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

204.50
212.50
190.50
234.50
170.00

190.50
199.00
183.00
229.00
173.00

172.50-230.00
177.00-242.00
164.00-216.50
222.50-257.50
158,50-183.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------RETAIL TRADE -------------

757
279
478

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

171.00
175.00
168.50
132.03

165.00
167.00
163.00
129.50

135.50-212.00
137.50-207.50
132.00-212.00
116.00-143.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---RETAIL TRADE --------

199

1
1

24
7
17
17

55
16
39
38

1

1

7

3

-

-

2

2

1

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

_
*

120

39.5 194.00 191.00 158.00-228.00
40.0 202.50 197.00 168.50-233.50
39.0 177.00 178.50 128.00-210.00

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS ---MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

876
450
426
62

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

144.00-193.50
148.00-188.00
139.00-198.00
167.50-210.50

-

-

*

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING --------

475
228
247

39.5 177.50 173.00 155.00-198.00
40.0 176.00 169.00 154.50-185.50
39.5 179.00 178.50 155.00-19e.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------- ----NONMANUFACTURING ------ PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------RETAIL TRADE

401

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

222

179
40
98

163.00
171.00
153.50
189.00
141.00

169.50
168.00
170.50
177.00

157.00
164.00
148.00
178.50
134.53

134.53-176.00
142.50-191.50
125.50-174.00
165.03-212.00
122.00-174.00

7

_

•

-

_

*

-

*

*

-

•

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

7
-

-

7

16

4

-

-

8
8

4
4

7
7

72
47
2S
14

114

69
34
35
4

56
33
23

48
35
13

73
40
33
3
19

33
21
12

27

41
28
13

36
13
23

22

76
32
44
26

20
10
10

29
16
13

93
32
61
38

91
43
48

-

6
3

6

3

10

68

46
19

2

1

3

10

33
12
21
2
10

65

71
33
38
19

48

43

24

22

45
41

87
29
58
37

20

23
16

12
12
6

8

8

8

10
9
1

12

16

14

13

11

5

10
6

3

11
2

84

86

55

29
3

61
25
13

143
65
78

53
38
15
5

119
32
87
3

49
32
17

50
38

33

12

80
39
41

26
7

35
23

36
23
13

63
26
37

20
12

8
1

27

20

4
4

26
17

43
23

47
32
15

2
9

3

3

7

5

10

4

77
38
39
27

21
10

47
25

14

7

6
6

13
13

42
18
24

24

9
8
1

12
8

6
6

9

-

6

3
3

13
9

1

2
7

15

6
6
*

6

1

10

1

“

3

1
1
*

3

4

1

25

1
1

4

1

15

49
17
32

-

-

12

27

1

2

20

94
57
37
3

22

12

7

3

*

10
6

9

20

1
1

4

85
38
47

8

15
14

4

58
19
39
-

1
-

13
9

7

-

-

1

9
3

1
7

3
4

See footnotes at end of tables.




5

*

-

179

171.00
173.50
168.00
188.00

4
3

*

*

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —

59

5

16
4

*

1
8

12

4

*

.

1

*

*

*

*

4

3

4

-

-

18
16

11
11

3
3

8
8

2
2

7
7

—

188
26
162

79
54
25

55
43

20

7

10
10

12

29
24
5

3

1

-

-

-

22

44
25
19
17

37
26

24
19
5
4

18
14
4

3
1
1

-

-

-

-

*

-

18
17

5
5

2
2

3
3

-

10

35
29

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

6
1

-

-

*

9

3

8
8

2
2

*

6

16
5
11

166
156

8

■—
-

4

10
10
-

-

5

2

6

-

*

-

29
14
15
-

42
32

7

5
5

1
1

•

2
2

•

-

-

5

-

-

-

20

S
3

3

1
1

11

4
7

5
5
-

16

16
16

5

16
7

13
13

-

16
14

4

-

21
12
9

103
16
87

2

7

6
1

*

19
14

9

1
4
4

11

16
4

-

11
9
2

5

-

*

•

—

3

*

-

•
_

6
2
2

13
7

-

-

16

1

_

-

1
1

2

29
13
16

•

*

2
2

20

7

•

*

1

2
1
1

-

8

3

*

19

9
9

1

15

•

10

15
5

22

17
5
5

5

-

-

•

•
-

2

3
-

2
2

2
2

-

—

•

-

-

•

•

-

••
-

-

•

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A pril 1977
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
Number
of
woikers

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m ber o f w o rk ers

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
130

Mean2

Middle range 2

Median 2

U nder

$
130

s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

S

S

s

S

S

$

s

S

S

S

s

S

S

s

i

s

$

140

150

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

36 0

380

400

420

44 o

460

48<)

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

32 0

34 0

360

380

400

420

44 0

460

480

over

13

17

*2 2

an d
under
140

ALL

r e c e iv in g

s

and

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

$

$

J
19 7

3 9 .5

3 7 4 .0 0

3 4 7 .5 0

$

O

/

I

«J
J

• DO

13
29

3 1 3 .0 0 -4 4 6 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
192
121

3 9 2 .0 0
3 8 1 .0 0

**3 1

j »O 0
1 '» U 0
3 4 5 .0 0 -4 0 5 .0 0

XJ

1

35

1

i

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
340*00
fc J

117

3 3 2 .5 0

1

3 0 8 .5 0 -4 2 4 .5 0

20

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
U jUw I I i L

i ♦

LLA jo

L

" " "

*
t j O*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S )

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

-------

55 1

3 9 .5

3 0 0 .0 0

» Ju

2 7 9 .0 0

2 4 2 .0 0 -3 6 0 .0 0
cH • •
#• 0v

3 4 2 .0 0

2 8 5 .5 0 -3 9 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1

15

47

66

88

62

56

20

33

25

27

37

30

25

7

12

15

14

23

31

22

18

1

(B U S IN E S S ).
3 4 2 .5 0

24

22

J 1v •

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S ).
& J v t Ou

1
1

A.U » i j y

15

t J c • 3(1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S ).
J /• 3
C C C t 3(1

2

235
JJ
24 0 *5 0
u J o • vO

v w H r w 1t K

U> L n A 1 w K J )J

D

™L — "

J 1

2 2 6 .0 0
i
J

t l J o b O " b O lio U O

79

O

1

JT

* W orkers w ere distributed as follows:
* * W orkers w ere distributed as follows:

7 at $480 to $500; 9 at $500 to $520; 2 at $520 to $540; and 4 at $560 to $580.
11 at $480 to $500; 13 at $500 to $520; 3 at $520 to $540; and 4 at $560 to $580.

See footnotes at end of tables.




17

4

8

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977— Continued
W e e k ly e arn in gs
( s ta n d a r d )
N um ber

Occupation and industry division

of
w orkers

’sta n d a r d )

s

s
130

M ean 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

M e d ia n 2

r e c e iv in g

N u m ber o f w o rk ers

A verage
w e e k ly

U n der

$
130

$
140

150

s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

s

S
160

S
180

S

S
200

220

$

S
240

260

S

S

S
280

30 0

320

360

380

150

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

280

300

. 39

53
53

50
49

22
22

21
12

36
15

29

17
14

32 0

3<*0

360

38 0

400

CONTINUED

$

$

2 2 8 ,5 0
2 2 1 .0 0

2 1 8 .0 0

1 9 7 .0 0 1 9 3 .0 0 -

$

UKwt 1tKv t

266
230

m a n u f a c t u r in g

31
31

2 5 9 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0

-----------------------------------

55

35

1

Ktu 1b 1LnLU 1HUU j 1K1A L liUH5C J “ " " " "
27

* Workers w ere distributed as follows:

4 at $100 to $110; and 11 at $120 to $130.

See footnotes at end of tables.




42 0

$

440

460

S
480
and

A L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED

$

400

an d
u n der
140

DRAFTERS -

S

s

s

S

S
340

18

1

420

440

460

480

over

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
A verage
(m e a n 2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

W eek ly
(standard]

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN
$

MESSENGERS --------------------------------

78

4 0 .0

155.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

133
82

4 0 .0

224.50

4 0 .0

24 4.00

A v erage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry d ivis ion

W eekly
hours1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

75

4 0 .0

246.50

59

4 0 .0

25 2.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS 8 -

58

4 0 .0

196.00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

WOMEN

SECRETARIES ---------------MANUFACTURING — NONMANUFACTURING ~
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
RETAIL TRADE ----SECRETARIES* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------SECRETARIES, CLASS B ~
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING — —
SECRETARIES, CLASS C MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S —

1, 86 8

3 9 .5

1 ,358

4 0 .0

210.50

510

3 9 .0

20 2.50

110

4 0 .0

24 0.00

109

3 9 .5

176.00

199

3 9 .5

259.50

172

3 9 .5

264.50

208.00

482

3 9 .5

225.50

352

4 0 .0

227.50

130

3 9 .0

220.00

821

3 9 .5

639

4 0 .0

199.00
198.50

182
36

3 9 .0

199.50

4 0 .0 2 24 .50

348
249
99

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------- -----------------

?61
1 48

4 0 .0

139.50

113

3 9 .0

146.00

F ILE CLERKS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------- --------

281
149
132

3 9 .5

151.00

4 0 .0

150.50

3 8 .5

151.00

FILE CLERKS, CLASS 0 ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------- ------------------------ -------

201

3 9 .5

141.50

101
100

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

144.00

------------------------ ------------

MESSENGERS-------------------------- ------- ------------ —

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------

STENOGRAPHERS -------- --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S —

354

3 9 .5

195

4 0 .0

177.50
169.50

159

3 9 .0

187.00

858

4 0 .0

175.00

583

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

168.00
190.50

4 0 .0

208.50

275
166

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S —

317

4 0 .0

174.00

154

4 0 .0

152.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR <
MANUFACTURING--------— ■
NONMANUFACTURING -------

163

4 0 .0

195.00

138

4 0 .0

202.50

541

4 0 .0

176.00

429

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 73.50

112

185.00

TRANSCRIB.ING-MACHINE TYPISTS

52

4 0 .0

170.00

T Y P I S T S -------- — ------- ---- ----- --MANUFACTURING-----— ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

609

3 9 .5

15 4.50

397

4 0 .0

1 56.00

212

3 9 .0

1 51.50

73

4 0 .0

175.50

3 9 .5

165.50
157.50
142.50

139.00

87

3 9 .0

147.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------- ------------------- --------NONMANUFACTURING------ ---------------------------

13 9
89

3 9 .5

166.00

4 0 .0

175.50

50

3 9 .5

149.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

52

4 0 .0

175.50

ORDER C L E R K S ----------- ----------------------------- -----------MANUFACTURING -------- -----------------------

125
87

4 0 .0

160.50

4 0 .0

172.00

3 9 .5

178.00

ACCOUNTING C L E R K S --------------------------—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

------------ -------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

1 ,0 4 6
454
592
254

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A ---------m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

357
208
149
32
56

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING-------- ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —
RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

689
246
443
198

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

185.00

3 9 .0

140.00

172.50

3 9 .S

195.00

4 0 .0

201.00

3 9 .0

187.00

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

232.50
169.00

3 9 .5

169.00

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

171.00

3 9 .0

132.00

167.50

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING —
— ———
—
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------- — -----

152
94
58

3 9 .5

187.50

4 0 .0

195.00

3 9 .0

175.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------- -------- —
NONMANUFACTURING--------------- ------—
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------- ------

857

3 9 .5

171.00

434

4 0 .0

174.50

423
59

3 9 .5

167.50

4 0 .0

1 86.50

471
225

4 0 .0

176.00

246

3 9 .5

178.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------- ------------ ------—
NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ----------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




3 9 .5

-------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

SECRETARIES, CLASS D MANUFACTURING ------------

occupation, and in dustry d ivis io n

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS $
163.00

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------- --------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

Sex,

19

W eekly
hours1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

TYPISTS - CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A •
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

A v erage
(m e a n 2 )
Number
of
workers

3 9 .5

____

177.00

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
RETAIL TRADE ------

386
209
1 77
38
98

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0

436
273
163

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 5 8 .5 0
3 4 4 .0 0
3 8 2 .0 0

1 69
103
66
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 9 7 .0 0
3 8 6 .5 0
4 1 3 .5 0
4 6 3 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ), CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —

213
1 23
90

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

3 4 6 .5 0
3 3 1 .0 0
3 6 8 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ), CLASS C

54

4 0 .0

2 8 3 .0 0

3 60
180
180

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 1 0 .0 0
3 1 6 .5 0
3 0 3 .5 0

1 69
81

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 4 9 .0 0
3 4 3 .5 0

151
75
76
33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .9

2 7 4 .0 0
2 8 9 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0
2 7 2 .0 0

3 10
181
12 9

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 2 5 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING----------------------

121
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .0 0
2 4 6 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ----

136
82
54

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 2 .5 0
2 2 2 . SO
2 2 3 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) ----------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ), CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING

(B U S IN E SS ),

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ),
CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
COMPUTER OPERATORS -----MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ----

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by se x large establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977— Continued
A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings*
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUEO

S e x ,3 occupation, and industry d ivis io n

W eekly
hours1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings*
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS - CONTINUED
3 8 .5

190.50

U N A * 1 fcKb f C L A j j
“ A W U r A C 1U n l N u

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
CONTINUED
145

C

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours r
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings*
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

DRAFTERS - CONTINUED
53

Average
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m e a n 2)
Number
of
workers

4 0 .0

-

195.50
$
95

4 0 .0
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
U H A F 1 L K b * 1*1. A b b
n A n Ur A C 1 U“ I N u

A

JJl

u "
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —
244

4 0 .0

2 3 1 .5 0

182
59

3 9 .5 2 81 .00
4 0 .0 2 62 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B -------

65

4 0 .0 2 2 8 .5 0
J7 •3

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b les.




20

97

4 0 .0

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
s

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 ,8 0

5 .0 0

S

S

5

S

*

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6. 0 0 6. 2 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6. 0 0 6. 2 0

1

S

»
6 .4 0

S
6 .60 6. 8 0

T

S

S

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

1
8. 2 0

S

7 .0 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

«o

M iddle range 2

7-S.40

? »e o

8. 2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0

'S

*

S

V
o

s

*

M ed ian 2

o

*
4 .4 0

4 .2 0
Mean 2

o

Occupation and industry division

*
•
O'

Num ber of w orkets (receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 4
Number
of
workers

* -------

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0

and
under
5 . 2Q

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 Q

7 .Q 0

16

5

1

58

4

36

7

-

41

3

32

9

5
-

17

-

1
1

4

9

1
1

10
10

33

33

101

93

281

68

33

33

95

93

209

51

127

18

9

9

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS
MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS
MANUFACTURING -

$
7 ,5 8

$
7 .3 9

$

163

7 .0 9 -

$
8 .1 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

111

7 .5 8

7 .3 9

7 .3 1 -

8 .1 9

-

-

-

•

—

-

4

• -

52

7 .5 6

7 .3 8

6 .4 5 -

8 .0 3

37

6 .8 5

6 .9 1

6 .4 5 -

7 .3 8

987

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS
MANUFACTURING ----MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING-------- -------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES)
MANUFACTURING -----

8 .9 8

4
4

9
—

9
9
•

•

•

.

-

-

8 .3 5

8 .0 3

332

8 .3 2

8. 01

87

8.12
8.12

7 .0 9 7 .0 9 -

8.86

•

65

7 .8 6
7 .8 1

8 .5 6

*

537

8 .6 9

9 .5 0

7 .0 9 -

9 .5 0

518

8 .7 0

9 .5 0

7 .8 9 -

9 .5 0

*

*

874

7 .8 3
7 .8 4

7 .8 3

7 .3 1 -

7 .8 3

7 .4 0 -

8 .1 9
8 .1 9

.

891

*

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

7 .6 1 7 .5 4 -

1
1

—

•

-

•

•

—

•

*

*

*

-

•

•

—

8 .9 8

187

7 .9 2

8 .0 9

7 .3 1 -

8 .1 9

120

8 .0 9

8 .1 9

7 .3 1 -

8 .8 3

63

7 .5 9

8 .0 9

7 .2 8 -

8 .0 9

287
281

8 .4 3

8 .1 9

7 .8 4 -

8 .6 0

8 .4 6

8 .1 9

7 .8 4 -

8 .6 0

_

*
3
3

17

-

1
1
-

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

5

6

2

*

18

7

8

10
10

3

3

27

47

16

3

3

27

68
68

55

*

8
6

16

-

1
1

55

32

2
2

10
10

39

14

137

112

353

60

39

12

103

104

351

38

2
2

-

-

*

*

1
1

•

2
2

17

—

4

*

17

*

4

-

-

-

2
2

13

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

•

•

-

-

5

-

19

-

—

5
-

•

-

—

•

8
11

-

-

-

-

168

63
61

-

1
1

•

.

136
119

15

10

15

-

31
29

2
2

60
55

16

43

•

—

16

43

*

•*

-

*

276
276

-

•

-

*

—

4

3

33

14

79

4

3

4

3

29

11

32

4

3

-

30

-

-

-

4

3

43

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

8
8

132

12
12

•

•

52

131

-

-

52

40
38

15

39

15

*

-

30

NONMANUFACTURING:

PUBLIC UTILITIES ----MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS —
MANUFACTURING -----

■

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS
m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------

124

7 .7 3

7 .6 3

7 .0 9 -

8 .1 9

.

122

7 .7 4

7 .7 9

7 .0 9 -

8 .1 9

*

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------

308

8 .1 3

8 .1 8

7 .5 1 -

8 .6 0

7 .1 0

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS MANUFACTURING
-

303

8. 1 2

8 .1 8

95

6 .2 9

6 .9 7

5 .5 4 -

88

6 .3 2

7 .1 0

5 .4 5 -

7 .1 0

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM)
MANUFACTURING —

545
545

7 .8 9

8 .0 7

7 .7 3 -

8 .0 7

7 .8 9

8 .0 7

7 .7 3 -

8 .0 7

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING

994

8 .3 5

8 .2 4

8 .0 5 -

8 .9 3

•

-

9

1
1

•

-

-

•

5

•

-

*

*

*

*

*

5

*

—
10
10

.

4

3

2

7

*

4

3

2

7

6
6

5
5

2
2

10
6
1
1

994

8 .3 5

8 .2 4

8 .0 5 -

8 .9 3

100

7 .3 7

7 .3 7

6.6

7 .8 6

93

7 .3 6

7 .2 1

6 .6 4 -

7 .9 2

*

-

~

-

*

*

-

*

BOILER TENDERS
MANUFACTURING

164

6 .6 1

6 .7 4

5 .6 8 -

7 .6 5

.

4

_

6 .8 4

5 .6 8 -

7 .6 5

2
2

13

6 .6 2

1
1

27

153

8
8

27

10

4

See footn otes at end o f tables.




-

1
1

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS
MANUFACTURING ---

6 -

-

21

9

10
10

10

1
1

46

39

2
2

15

46

—

•

4

*

*

4

15

-

-

22
22

18

45

04

16

71

-

10
10

18

45

79

16

71

1
1

1
1

1
1

45
45

2
2
47
47

2
1

5
3

-

11
11

2
2

29

22
22

4
4

31

-

31

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

256

50

58

15

4

•

-

28

22
22

256

50

58

15

4

2
2

58

44

77

129

363

144

58

44

77

129

363

100
100

144

60
60

9

-

11
11

17

3

13

•

17

3

8

-

33
31

11
11

4
4

-

-

-

-

17

3

43

6

3

13
13

19

17

2
2

19

43

3

29
-

8
8

*

6
6

2
2

6
1

28

*

'

“

-

9

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1977
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings 4
„

Occupation and industry division

... .

1 -------- 1 -------- S
S
2.2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 o 2 .8 0

S
S
3 .0 0 3 .4 0

S
S
s
1 —
1 -------- S
3 »80 -4 .2 0 4 .6 0 5 .0 0 5 .4 0 5 .8 0

■5-------- 1 -------- 1 ---------1 -------- T
s
1 —
1 -------- 1 —
s
6 .2 0 6 .6 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0 7 .8 0 8 .20 8 .6 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0 9 .8 0

2,3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3.0Q 3r+0 ? ,9 9

4-2 0 4 ,6 0 5 ,0 0 5 .4 0 5 .8 0 6 .2 0

6 ,6 0

7 ,9 0

7 t*0

7 .8 0

T

of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

M iddle ranfe 2

and
under

and
8 .2 0 8 • 60 9 .0 0 9 .4 0 9 .8 0

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKORIVERS
MANUFACTURING ----- -----

581
295

$
7 .4 0
7 .0 2

$
7 .6 4
7 .1 8

$
$
7 .1 1 - 7 .9 6
6 .5 8 - 7 .6 4

•

•

•

-

—

*

*

*

*

—

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER)
MANUFACTURING

232
1*8

7 .4 4
7 .1 0

7 .6 4
7 .1 1

7 .1 1 - 8 .0 6
6 .9 3 - 7 .6 4

*

-

*

”

-

SHIPPING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -----

116
80

6 .2 0
6 .4 2

6 .3 1
6 .5 8

5 .8 6 - 6 .9 2
5 .8 7 - 6 .9 2

•

_

•

•

-

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE

171
108
63
56

5 .9 3
6 .2 2
5 .4 3
5 .3 1

5 .6 5
6 .4 6
5 .5 3
5 .5 3

5 .1 5 5 .2 2 4 .6 8 4 .4 6 -

59
57

5 .9 8
5 .9 8

5 .8 3
5 .8 3

5 .8 3 - 6 .3 0
5 .8 J - 6 .4 7

ORDER FILLERS
MANUFACTURING -

390
190

5 .3 5
6 .0 4

5 .7 3
5 .9 6

4 .3 0 - 6.4"3
5 .6 5 - 6 .4 3

.

SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING -

550
362

5 .5 6
6 .2 6

5 .7 8
6 .0 2

4 .2 3 - 6 .3 7
5 .6 2 - 6 .3 7

•

MATERIAL HANDLING l a b o r e r s
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE ----

1*331
1 .0 7 5
256
207

5 .6 2
5 .9 0
4 .4 5
3 .9 5

5 .6 3
5 .8 0
4 .5 4
3 .5 5

5 .2 2 5 .4 9 3 .2 9 3 .0 0 ”

6 .0 5
6 .1 8
5 .2 4
5 .2 4

-

-

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --MANUFACTURING -

1 .8 5 8
1 .7 09

6 .7 3
6 .7 8

6 .8 6
6 .9 6

6 .3 1 - 7 .6 0
6 .3 1 - 7 .6 0

-

407
342
65

5 .4 4
5 .5 8
4 .7 2

5 .4 9
5 .7 3
4 .6 1

4 .5 5 - 6 .5 4
4 .9 0 “ 6 .5 4
3 .2 5 - 6 .5 9

•

1

3

4

-

-

•

-

*

1

3

MANUFACTURING

203

5 .3 2

5 .4 9

4 .5 3 - 5 .7 3

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -

139

5 .9 5

6 .2 0

5 .4 7 - 6 .5 4

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN MANUFACTURING — ~
NONMANUFACTURING -

6 .9 8
7 .0 3
5 .6 7
5 .5 3

*

-

*

_

•

•

*

-

*

-

-

-

—

*

•

3
2

6
6

7
7

24
22

27
14

31
24

34
27

S3
53

137
137

259
3

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

3
2

2
2

13
13

18
18

51
51

52
52

86
3

1
-

2
-

•

-

4
3

*

1
-

6
6

9
9

32
6

25
25

21
16

7
7

2
2

2
2
2

3
3
3

3
3
3

5
•
5
5

3
1
2
2

24
22
2
2

11
9
2
2

40
10
30
29

12
9
3
-

12
11
1
*

20
19
1
-

6
5
1
-

18
17
1
1

11
11

1
1

32
30

1
1

12
12

-

44

53
52

65
1

10
9

1
1

46

13
13

29
29

-

1.200
941
259
121
126

5 .3 2
5 .6 8
3 .9 9
4 .6 2
3 .1 9

5 .5 7
5 .8 8
3 .4 9
3 .6 4
3 .0 0

4 .7 6 5 .2 2 3 .0 0 3 .4 1 2 .7 4 -

6 .0 5
6 .0 6
4 .6 9
5 .6 6
3 .6 5

•

19

46

22

7

37

—

33
33

50
50

41

9
*

4
-

12

37
*

7
*

4

85

56
56

5
5

62
62

107
107

46

42
12

1

21

13

16

32

31

7

7

16
16

32
32

31
31

7

60
60
-

85
55
30

-

-

7

7
7

340
321
19

-

13
13

280
280
—

80
80

21
21

263
194
69
69

13
13

1
1

72
62
10
10

-

•

•

•

•

-

-

-

“

-

-

1
1

32
31

27
26

105
100

136
60

125
125

399
398

221
160

171
171

636
636

12
3

26
22

4

26
24
2

76
76
*

47
47
*

82
67
15

7

4

28
20
8

14

9

20
15
5

39
35

4

2
2

-

-

-

3

6

15

35

20

15

62

27

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

9

14

20

*

•

1
1
1

20
20
20

17
17
17

17
17
17

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




-

.

•

guards :

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE

•

22

31
31
30

78
1
77
61
15

“

41
17
24
3
21

45
42
3
i
l

no
100
10
7
3

180
169
11
11

120
108
12
12

344
333
11
10
1

—

-

•

•

*

“

“

*

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

11
4
7
7

1
1

•

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

S’
5

8
8

10
10

4

4

•

10
10

-

-

-

•

-

•

•

-

•
-

“

-

-

-

-

1
1

—
*

•

-

•
*

•
-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

•

9

4

5

3

20
20
*

-

-

-

20

67

9

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
9

*
-

•
-

_
•

*
•

•
•

•
-

-

•

-

-

88
85
3
3

91
81
10
1

8
5
3
3

-




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom ,
p o w e rp la n t, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers, by s e x large establishm ents in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A pril 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis fo n

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e an 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ------------------------------------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
163

$

37

6 .8 5

r-

987
832

8 .3 5
8 .3 2

87
65

7 .8 6
7.8 1

537

8 .6 9
8 .7 0

187

7 .9 2

N O N n A N U i A v 1U K IN b
N L T A I L 1 W AUL

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ------------

M A1L R IA L

n A N U L lN b

Kul A 1 L

M A l l , 1L N A N v w

1K A U L j

124
122

7 .7 3
7 .7 4

303

8 .1 2

88

6 .3 2

544
544

7 .8 9
7 .8 9

994
994

8 .3 5
8 .3 5

152

6 .6 2

1 K A UH

L A u U K tH o

®®

n t

63
56

5 .3 1

54

5 .9 5

236

6 .2 8

1 ,2 58
1 ,0 2 3

5 .6 3
5 .9 1

341

5 .5 7

883
742

5 .5 5
5 .7 3

222

4 .1 8

^

GUARDSl

1ILL>

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

Average
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

$
7 .5 8

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS -------

Number
of
workers

WATCHMENl
(TOOLROOM) -

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

TRUCKORIVERS ---------------------------------------------------------

N A n w r A v • U “ 1 1 ,0

563

""

" " "

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------TRUCKDRIVERS# HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A ILE R ) --------------------------------- ■■■
MANUFACTURING---------- -r--------------.

228
146

52

5 .8 1

317

4 .6 7

52

3 .4 7
2 .9 9

7.4 0

7 .4 4
7 .II

See footnotes at end of tables.

23

Footnotes

1 S tan d ard h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s
(e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e
w e e k ly h o u rs.
2
T h e m ea n is c om p u ted f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e iv e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e
th e s a m e o r le s s than th e ra te show n. T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
r a te s o f pay: a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r le s s than th e lo w e r
o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u r th e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e than th e h ig h e r r a te .




3
E a r n in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n tific a tio n w as
p r o v id e d b y th e e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
5
E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s en d in g p r i o r to 1976 r e la t e to m en o n ly f o r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s . A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e la te
to m en and w o m e n .
6
D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

24

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In e a c h o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In ea c h o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th es e stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the occ u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s tr a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
s cop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s try and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d chan ce o f s e le c tio n . T o ob ta in op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W hen data a r e co m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lus th r e e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch osen in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a tio n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g u n it.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a rn in g s *
O ccu p a tion s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d f o r stu dy a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p e n d ix B.
* Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




U n le s s , o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s
a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in the
sc o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e
e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a r e n ot
p r e s e n te d w hen the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an oc c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data
n ot shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r occu p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one l e v e l,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
n ot shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is n ot a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le .
E a rn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f- l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e b on u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occ u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan dard
w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r
an d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th es e occu p a tio n s a re
roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t im e . C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l job s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte rn s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f ir m s m a y ch an ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g the y e a r . C h an ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in tab le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than a r e e a rn in g s chan ges fo r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s tr ie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l a m on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

A v e r a g e p a y le v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s should
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d if fe r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid in cu m b en ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d to c la s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu dy and n o t th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s d ata.

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d p lan t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch an ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e the e f fe c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d b y
f a c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er p lans
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r a t the b o tto m o f the ra n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch an ge in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e ch a n ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s . W h en the t im e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e shown.
(I t is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c om p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l — C on tin u ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten o g ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O r d e r c le r k s
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

P e r c e n t c h a n ges f o r in d iv i
as f o llo w s :

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e

com p u ted

1., A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; i t is a s s u m e d th at e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s un ch an ged .
2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in the
base y e a r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to
o b ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t io o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
th e a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n ge.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f th e m eth o d u s e d to com p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y In d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a ry 1973, pp. 5 2 -57 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in th is, b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c t e d a t 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d if fe r e n t ia ls ; sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Milwaukee, Wis.,‘ April 1977
In du stry d iv is io n 2

M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ments in scope
o f study

W o rk e rs in establish m ents

Nu m ber o f establish m ents

W ithin scope o f study 4
W ithin scope
o f study *

Studied

Studied
Num ber

P e rc e n t

ALL ESTABLISHMENTS
1,3 58

234

3 2 2 ,6 2 9

100

171,108

50
-

591
767

103
131

185 ,617
137 ,012

58
42

107,037
64,071

50
50
50
50
50

66
121
330
85
165

19
18
44
19
31

2 1 ,1 2 7
13,075
5 9 ,2 8 5
19,224
2 4 ,301

7
4
18
6
8

16,288
3 ,3 41
2 8 ,1 6 9
10*738
5 ,5 3 5

93

73

, 160 ,243

100

161,412

500
-

60
33

44
29

107,952
52,291

67
33

94,321
47,0 9 1

500
500
500
500
500

6
2
19
6

6
2
15
6

14,428
1 ,1 76
2 8 ,7 8 5
7 ,9 0 2

9
1
18
5
*

14,428
1,1 76
2 3 ,5 8 5
7 ,9 02

ALL D IV ISIO N S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------- ----------------------- ------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------- ------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , COMMUNICATION, and
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 --------------------------------w h o l e s a l e TRADE6 ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 -----------SERVICES7 — ----- —
~ ----------------LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL D IV I S I O N S ------------------------------- ----------------MANUFACTURING — --------------- — ---------- ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- -----------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHfR PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 --------------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a c e 6 ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE6 -----------SERVICES

.........................................................................

1 The M ilw aukee Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tis tic a l A re a , as defined by the
O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, con sists o f M ilw au kee,
O zaukee, W ashington, and W aukesha Counties. The "w o r k e rs w ithin scope o f study"
estim ates shown in this table p rovid e a reason a b ly a ccu rate d es crip tio n o f the siz e
and com position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. E stim a tes a re not
intended, h ow eve r, fo r co m pa rison w ith oth er em ploym en t indexes to m easu re
em ploym en t trends o r le v e ls since (1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ires e sta b ­
lish m en t data co m piled c o n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and
(2) sm all establish m ents a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 The 1972 edition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as used
in c la s s ify in g establish m ents by in du stry d ivis ion . H o w e ver, a ll govern m en t o p e r ­
ations a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
3 Includes a ll establish m ents w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m inim um
lim ita tion . A l l outlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f com panies in in d u stries such as tra de,
finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n s id ere d as 1
e s ta b li shment.
4 Includes a ll w o rk e rs in a ll establish m ents with to ta l em ploym en t (w ithin
the a re a ) at o r above the m inim u m lim ita tio n .




27

5 A b b revia ted to "pu blic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les. Tax ica b s and
s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n a re exclu ded. The lo c a l tra n sit system
is owned by M ilw au kee County and is exclu ded by defin ition fr o m the scope of
the study.
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p res en ted in estim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s trie s " and "non ­
m an u factu ring" in the A - s e H e s ta b les. Separate p resen tation o f data is not made
fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g re a s on s: (1) E m ploym en t is too sm a ll to provid e
enough data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2 ) thfe sam ple was not design ed in itia lly to
p e r m it sep ara te p resen tation , (3). response w as in su fficien t o r inadequate to p erm it
sep arate p resen tation , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individual esta b ­
lish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o te ls ; lau ndries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e ST business s e r ­
v ic e s ; au tom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu re s; n on profit m e m b e r­
ship o rga n izatio n s (exclu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita ble o rg a n iza tio n s ); and en gin eering
and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u­
r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll
title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to area". T h is p e r m it s the g rou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l
w ag e r a te s r e p re s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t. B e ca u se o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l
con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose
in u s e in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r oth e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s . H an dicap ped
w o r k e r s w h o s e ea rn in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir h an dicap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s u r v e y e x ce p t f o r th ose r e ­
c e iv in g o n -t h e -jo b tra in in g in so m e o f the lo w e r le v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
tain s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the
s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a i r ly in d ep en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f c o m p a ra b le
n atu re and d iffic u lty . The w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s kn ow ledge o f o ffic e routine
and u n derstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
a . R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir ie s , and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
person s;
b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s,

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f ile s ;

M ain tain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k es a p poin tm en ts as

N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a re e x clu d ed fr o m the d efin ition a re
as fo llo w s :
a. P o s itio n s w h ich
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o th e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s te n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .

s io n a l,

do n ot m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y

con cept

S te n o g ra p h e rs n ot fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs se r v in g as o ffic e a s sista n ts to a g rou p o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the du ties a r e e ith er su b sta n tia lly
m o r e rou tin e o r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le that th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d efin ition ;

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
C la s s C

E x c lu s io n s — Continued

e.
A s s is ta n t -ty p e p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ility is not eq u ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition
d u ties w hich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly d iv id ed in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w hich a re
o fte n , in tu rn , fu rth er su b d iv id ed . In som e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s a
N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s
w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o;
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o se o ffic ia ls who have a sig n ifica n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r c om p a n y a c tiv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s id e n t, " though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
oth er equ iv alen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
person s.
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a ctio n s (e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny
in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u a l tr u st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); £ £
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te ch n icia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n ste n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A PH E R

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .*1
5
4
3
2
C la s s B

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n u sin g sh orth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e
the d icta tio n .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a c om p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a tio n w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o £ a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
oth er equ iv alen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im p ortan t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t
o ften in v olv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
k eep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay m ain tain f ile s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S ten og ra p h er, S e n io r

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a lso set up and
m a in tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a te r in d e ­
p en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than ste n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by the
fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f ste n o g r a p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c ific b u sin e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U ses th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m a in tain in g fo llo w u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t te r s
fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; read in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g
rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY PIST

M ESSENGER

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v olv in g a n o r m a l routine
v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tion in volvin g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta kes d icta tio n in
sh orth an d o r b y Stereotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r.

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine d u ties su ch as running e r ra n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g
m a il, and oth e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ire op e ra tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r ca lc u la tio n s h ave been m ade b y an oth er p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls f o r u se in d u plicatin g p r o c ­
esses.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in volvin g little s p e c ia l tr a in in g , su ch as
k eep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r so rtin g and d istrib u tin g
in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m w hen it in v o lv e s com b in in g m a te r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t sp e llin g , s y lla b ica tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r u nusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning la you t and
typing o f c o m p lic a te d s t a tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in
sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B.
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a fts ; o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o li c ie s , e t c .;
o r settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tion s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les
a lr e a d y se t up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F il e s , c la s s if i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r fo r m c l e r i c a l and m anu al ta sk s r e q u ire d to m a in tain f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s ifie s and in d e x e s file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , reports^ te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m
con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s .
M ay a ls o file this
m a t e r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y sim p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r) h ead in g s o r p a r tly c la s s ifi e d m a te r ia l b y fin e r su bh ea din gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s. A s re q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l. M ay
p e r f o r m re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that h as a lr e a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r .w h i c h is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d raw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c l e r i c a l and m anu al tasks
r e q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .




SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le u se d w ith a p riv a te
b ra n ch ex ch a n g e (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in co m in g , ou tgoin g, and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls . M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s op era tin g a teleph on e
sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m routine c l e r i c a l w ork
(typing o r routine c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a re
e x clu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , see S w itch b oa rd
O pe r a to r -R e c e p t io n is t .
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s in g le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a c ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — se e S w itch b oa rd O p e ra to r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p tio n is t's
w o rk in v o lv e s su ch d u ties as g re e tin g v is it o r s ; d eterm in in g nature o f v i s i t o r 's
b u sin e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p r ia te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia te p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r con ta ctin g that p e r s o n by telep h on e and
a rra n g in g an ap poin tm en t; k eepin g a lo g o f v is it o r s .
O RD ER C LE R K
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il,
phone, o r p e r s o n a lly . D uties in v o lv e any com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet listin g the ite m s to
m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f item s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r , a c k n o w l­
edg e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to see that th ey
h ave b een fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
A C CO U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s sig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g d is tr ib u tio n c o d e s ; exam inin g and v e rify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p ostin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g sim p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lica te d jo u r n a l
v o u c h e r s . M ay w o rk in e ith e r a m a n u al o r au tom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a ctio n s and a ccou n tin g in fo r m a tio n . W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g te r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u se d in the a s sig n e d w o rk , but is n ot re q u ire d to have a kn ow led ge
o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls on

the b a sis o f the

fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T IN G C LE R K — Continued

M ACH INE B IL L E R — Continued

C la s s A .
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w hich r e q u ire the a p p lica tion o f exfphrience and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n on rep etitiv e a ccou n tin g tr a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le ctin g am ong a su bsta n tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g c o d e s
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tra cin g tra n sa ctio n s through p r e v io u s accoun tin g
a ction s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r
w ithout a ty p e w rite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as pa rt o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tica lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a know ledge
o f b ook k eep in g .
W ork s fr o m u n iform and stan dard ty p es o f sa le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accou n tin g c l e r ­
ic a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eck in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r
a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and c o d i n g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g c o d e s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK

BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e y ­
b oa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e ep s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a k n ow ledge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru ctu re
o f the p a rticu la r accou n tin g sy ste m u sed .
D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f deb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch phase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly re q u irin g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a ses
o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not
in clu din g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i lle r ), c o s t d is ­
trib u tio n , ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in v en tory c o n t r o l, e tc .
May ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p re p a ra tio n o f tr ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the a ccou n tin g
d ep a rtm en t.

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y
data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' earn in g s
ba sed on tim e o r .p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g ca lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll
sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g d a ys, tim e,, ra te,
d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w ages due.
M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a ste r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a
c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e.
K EY PU N CH O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify alphabetic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the follow in g

C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c tin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keyp un ch ed fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m so m e rou tin e keypunch w o rk .
M ay
tra in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W ork is routine and r e p e titiv e .
Under c lo s e su p e r v isio n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s stan ­
d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w hich have been c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

M ACHINE B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w ork in cid en ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b ille r s a re c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typing and adding m a ch in e) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d a , etc.
U sually in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w hich are a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m a ch in e .
The op e ra tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e num ber o f ca r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b ill bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fan fold m a ch in e.




O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la tor, c a lc u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x clu d ed fr o m
th is d efin ition a re w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d e d a re o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , even though they m a y a ls o o p era te e le c t r ic
a ccou n tin g m a ch in e equ ipm en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts
in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n el w irin g u nder g e n e r a l su p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w hich
often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s . Is

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R ----Continued

t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g se q u e n ce s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in ad dition to the s im p le r m a ch in es u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to do som e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to e sta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u nder s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but r o u ­
tine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s such as

C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as the s o r t e r , in te r p r e te r , r e p ro d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w ork unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l so r tin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r rep etitiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m sim p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solv in g
th em b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D ev elop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r i a r e q u ire d to a ch ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u se d ; o u tlin es a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d eta il fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d ev e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip ­
m en t ch a n g es to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e rs
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y.)

d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m ain taining d e p o s ito r a cco u n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il esta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in v en tory
a cco u n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le esta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e r ­
son s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lied .

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r su p e r v isio n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific o r en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f sy ste m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m e n ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in teg ra ted p r o d u ctio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y ite m o f e a c h type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll sy ste m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p r ia te fo llo w u p a ctio n s a re in itiated by the c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es and fo r obtain in g
eq u ip m en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

to

lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts

C la s s B . W ork s in dep en d en tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
op era te.
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,




33

OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y ste m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A .
W ork s in depen den tly on routine a ssig n m en ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guid an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in su re p r o p e r
align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W ork s u nder im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out an aly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s sig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to
d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m ay a s s is t a h igh er
le v e l s y s te m s an alyst by p r e p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s re q u ire d by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h igh er le v e l a n alyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a ly st, in to a seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s w hich a re r e q u ire d
to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent. W orkin g fr o m
c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in stru ctio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te re d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d language, ca u se the m a n ipu ­
lation o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b je ct m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze c h a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th ese c h a rts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ;
te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s an alysts
i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y.)

C O M P U T E R PR O G R AM M ER , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O PER ATO R

D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito rs and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
g ra m m er.
W ork in c lu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in s tru ctio n s to
d e te rm in e equ ipm en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm en t w ith r e q u ire d
it e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ipm ent into
c i r c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s a d ju stm en ts to co m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r or
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a iq ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .

F or

w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and ch a rts w h ich id en tify
the n ature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g step s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m so lv in g rou tin e;
pla n s the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the
co m p u te r s y s te m in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ipm ent
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m
n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n s iv e n u m ber
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a c tio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin kage p oin ts betw een o p e r a t io n s , ad ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to ra g e c a p a c it y , and su bsta n tial m a n ip u lation and
r e s e q u e n cin g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in teg ra ted p r o g r a m .

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a re
a s sig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e la t iv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le segm en ts, o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s .
R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data ca n b e te s te d b y u sin g a few rou tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u nder c lo s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d epen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u n der fa ir ly c l o s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u su a lly le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lica tio n o f stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p rocedu res.




F or

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r

op erators

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e ra te s in dep en d en tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d and in tr o d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ire m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
k n ow led g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a ltern a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and g u id an ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in dep en d en tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; th e r e is little o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch a n g e o r can not be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly sh ort tim e . In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u se and ta k e s c o r r e c t iv e a c tio n .
T h is
u su a lly in v o lv e s ap p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g
stan dard c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e ra te s u n der d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r by in dep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la s s C . W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u n der c lo s e su p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equ ipm ent u sed and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tin e p r o g r a m s .
U su a lly has
so m e f o r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x it e m s having
d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p reced en ts.
W ork s in c l o s e su p p ort w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f e a ch change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r en g in eerin g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s . M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r
le v e l drarfters.

D R A FT ER— Continued

E LE C T R O N IC S TEC H N IC IAN — Continued

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n onroutin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s sig n m en ts
that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed d raw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u se d .
D uties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w ork a s : P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es, m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu din g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s, w a ll s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m a n u als in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tion s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f
m a te r ia ls to be u se d , loa d c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r . C om p leted
w o rk is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such standard e le c t r o n ic
equ ipm ent as c o m m o n o ffic e m a ch in e s and h ou seh old ra d io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d e p ictin g th re e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r ify p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n . C o n so lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . Su ggested m eth od s o f
a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a r e given
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ctio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s sig n m e n ts
recu r.
W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d du ring p r o g r e s s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the follow in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to so lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o se that ty p ic a lly can not be so lv e d s o le ly by r e f e r ­
en ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equ ipm en t.
E x a m p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu d e loca tion and d en sity o f
c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s, and freq u en t
e n g in e e rin g c h a n g e s.
W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d understan din g o f the in t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g indepen den t ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ).

W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s . M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s by p la cin g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in gs and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f stra ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o se that ty p ic a lly can be so lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on
e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity w ith the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m en t in d eterm in in g w ork seq u en ce and in se le ctin g
t o o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th ose u sed by the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a s s ig n m e n ts . M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m ain tain in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m od ify in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and te s tin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e ra tin g co n d itio n .
T h e equ ipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equ ipm en t (e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , so n a r , n a v ig a tion a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
a n alog c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n tr o llin g
equ ipm en t.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w ork in g te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r
rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta sk s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h er le v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and u sin g to o ls and c o m m o n test in stru m en ts
( e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n ow led g e, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a ssig n m en ts d es ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
ad va n ce to h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W ork is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is given d eta iled r e v ie w
w hen n ew o r a d va n ced a s sig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .

R EG ISTER ED IN D U S T R IA L NURSE

R EG ISTER ED IN D U S T R IA L NURSE— Continued

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g ; G iving fir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n sa tio n o r

oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tion s and health ev a lu a tion s o f
a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
health ed u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev alu ation o f plant e n v iron m en t, o r
o th e r a c tiv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth, w e lfa r e , and sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than
one n u rse are e x clu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN TE N AN C E C A R P E N T E R

M AIN TE N A N C E M ACHINIST

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t arid m ain tain
in g ood r e p a ir bu ildin g w ood w ork and equ ipm ent such as b in s, c r i b s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m a de o f w ood
in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan dard
m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n ­
sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l,
the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r i­
en ce u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o p e r a te d in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; In terp retin g w ritten in stru ctio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ; settin g up and op era tin g
stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking
stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g ; k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le ctin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm en t re q u ire d fo r th is
w o rk ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t. In g e n e r a l,
the m a c h in is t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN TE N A N C E M ECHANIC (M a ch in ery )
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s t a l­
la tion , m a in te n a n ce , o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is tr ib u tio n ,
o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g ; In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip ­
m en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its, con du it s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n
equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y ou ts, o r oth er s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy ste m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w ork in g stan dard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools and
m e a su rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N A N C E P A IN T E R

P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f su r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ire d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting b y r e m o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r fill e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap plying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w hite le a d , and oth er paint in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s roun ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ iv alen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g
m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h an dtools in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts with ite m s
obtain ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a
m a ch in e shop o r sen din g the. m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op s; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r i­
e n ce .
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .
M A IN TE N A N C E M ECH A N IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g au tom otiv e equ ip ­
m en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g brok en
o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to ck ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m e n ts ; and a lign in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in ten an ce m e ch a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECHANIC (Motor Vehicles)— Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R — Continued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s to m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops.

the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p lyin g, lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
to o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e th at a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ben d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s tan d a rd te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a l l a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g, b en d in g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m a c h in e
t o o l (e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , en g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix tu r e s , cuttin g to o ls ,
g a u g es , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and a d ju st g u id es , stop s, w o rk in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to h an d le the s iz e o f sto c k to be m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n -th e -jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , this c la s s ific a t io n d o e s n o t
in clu d e m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g
shops.

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

In s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t w h en c h an ges in the p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m ak in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m en t; s e le c t in g s tan d a rd to o ls , e q u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and s p ee d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix tu r e s , cuttin g to o ls , g a u g es , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e . g . , p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o r k ty p ic a lly i n v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n d erstan d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la te d e qu ip m en t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - tr e a t in g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , b y
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk




F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes n ot
in c lu d e to o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T IO N A R Y ENG IN E E R — Continued

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .

H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m eq u ip m en t.

M aterial Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

W AREHOUSEMAN

D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such a s : M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , f r e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r un load tru c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in good
w o r k in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e exclu d ed .

A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e rs ta n d in g o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n otin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, as f o llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t tru c k (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
m e d iu m tru c k ( I V 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k (o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )

O R D E R F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ip pin g w o r k
in v o lv e s :
A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the good s
sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b i lls o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a n g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o th e rs in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y , r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

For

w age

study

p u rp oses,

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c le r k




w o rk ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g
w o r k (s e e Sh ip pin g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f i l l i n g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tr u c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

f o llo w s :

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l sto c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la te d d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r s h ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g depen den t upon
the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to be p a c k ed , the typ e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f s h ip m en t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
ta in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P ack ers
w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G LA B O R E R

GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s to r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n pack in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and un load sh ip s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a rd .
P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
g u a rd s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R ,
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g ood s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

tr u c k ,

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e p f p o w e r as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e ra to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u se, o r c o m m e r ic a l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
S w ee p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l
fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lies and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u se in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e pub­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , a t no c o s t, w h ile su p p lies la s t
f r o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S tan d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u s ta , G a.—S .C .
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m on t—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T ex.
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ign —U rb an a—R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h e ye n n e , W yo.
C la r k s v i l l e —H o p k in s v ille , T e rm .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
D othan , A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E u g en e—S p r in g f ie ld and M e d fo r d —
K la m a th F a l l s —G r a n ts P a s s —
R oseb u rg , O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R ile y —Jun ction C ity , K ans.
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W a y n e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rs to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u rg , M d .—P a .
G a d s d en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Is la n d —H a s t in g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L ared o , Tex.
L a w to n , O k la.
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y.
L im a , O h io
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o re , M d .—V a .—D el.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s t a t e w id e )
M c A lle n —P h a r r —E d in b u rg and
B r o w n s v ille —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th, and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la . —F la .
M on tan a (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ir e (s ta te w id e )
N e w L o n d o n —N o r w ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r th D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard —S im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iv e r s id e —San B e r n a r d in o —
O n ta r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s —S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Sand u sk y, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e rm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th ern Idaho
S o u th w e s te rn V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e ,
M a s s .—Conn.
S toc k ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash .
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s t a t e w id e )
V ir g in Isla n d s o f th e U.S.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a lls , Io w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s t a t e w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N . J.—Md.
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W a lla —P e n d le to n ,
W a sh .—O r e g .

A LS O A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d ito rs , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tt o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $1.35
a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W a sh in g ton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l is t o f the la te s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
m a y be p u rch a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e rn m e n t
O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 20402.
A d ir e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e
c o v e r in g the y e a r s 1950 th ro u gh 1975, is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D ec. 1976 1 ________________________________________
A lb a n y —Sch en e ctad y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e i m —Santa Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 76 ___________________________________________ _____
A t l a n t a , G a ., M a y 1 9 76 __________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 76 _____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , July 1 9 7 6 ________________ ______________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977___________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u f fa l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
C h attan o og a, T e n n . - G a . . Sept. 1976 __________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io—K y .—I n d . , M a r . 1 976________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
C olu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1976_____________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1976_______________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1 976__________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Island—M o l i n e , Iowa—111., F eb . 1976______
D ayto n , O h io , D e c . 1976 ________________________________________
Day to na B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1976 _______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 76 ____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 76 ____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t ,
N . C . , A u g . 1976_________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S .C ., June 1976 1___________________
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1 9 77 ____________________________________
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76 _______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1___________________________________
In d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O c t. 1 976____________________________________
J a c k s on , M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1_________________________________
K an s as C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1976 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 76 _________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1976________________________________




B u lle tin s
the b ack
P r in tin g
su rveys,

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1900-59, 55 cents
1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cents
85 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
95 cents
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$1.20
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1950-9,
1900-26,
1950-4,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 cents
85 cents
80 cents
85 cents
$ 1 .4 0
75 cents
$1.50
85 cents
$1.05
85 cents
55 cents

A rea
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1______________________
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 19 76______________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 _______________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n .—W i s . , Jan. 19 77_________________
N a s s a u —S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 ____________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 _____________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 6 __________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o ut h , V a —
N . C . , M a y 1976 1____ ________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . —N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 1 ____________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1976 ______________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 76 _________________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t . 1 9 76____________________________________
P a t e r son—C li f to n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 ___________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1976 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977__________________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 ______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1976 _______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 ___________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g st o n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1 9 76 ________
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
M a s s . , June 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1 9 76 __________________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 ____________________________________
S a g i n a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1________________________________________
Salt L a k e City—O g d e n , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 76_________________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ______________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ____________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________
S ea tt le —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1977 1______________________________
South B e n d , Ind ., M a r . 1976 _______________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , M a y 1 9 76____________________ ._______________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , M a r . 1977 _________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1976 _____________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 ________________________________________________

B u lle tin nu m b er
and ■Dr ic e *
1900 -7 5 ,
1 9 00 -6 6,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1 9 00 -3 5,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1900 -4 8 ,

85 cen ts
75 c en ts
$ 1.10
$ 1.60
85 cen ts
$ 1.60
$ 1.60
$ 1.05

1900-2 7,

85 cen ts

19 00 -3 3, 85 cen ts
19 00 -4 3, 65 cen ts
1 9 00 -4 2, 55 cen ts
1 9 00 -6 1, 55 cen ts
1900-38, 55 cen ts
1 9 00 -6 4, $ 1.10
1950-1,
$1 .5 0
19 00 -7 2, 85 cen ts
1 9 00 -5 1, 75 cen ts
1900 -5 0, 45 cen ts
1 9 00 -5 5, 55 c en ts
1900 -3 1, 75 cents
1900 -3 4, 65 cen ts
1950-10, $ 1.20
1900-71, 55 cen ts
1900 -7 4, 75 cents
1900 -6 5, 55 cents
1 9 00 -2 3, 65 cents
1900-79, 55 cents
19 00 -9 ,
95 cents
1 9 00 -1 3, 75 cents
1950-12, $ 1.20
1 9 00-5 ,
55 cen ts
1 9 00 -4 4, 55 cen ts
1 9 00 -2 4, 55 cen ts
1900 -5 6 , 55 cen ts
1950-11, $ 1.20
19 00 -2 1, 55 cents
19 00 -1 6, 55 cents
$ 1.10
1950-6,

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffic e and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

A s*

‘

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 111

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaC ode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (AreaCode415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington