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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area
J

April 1967

B u lletin N o. 1 5 3 0 -7 6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

x

REGION I— NEW ENGLAND
John F . K en n ed y F e d e r a l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C en ter
R o o m 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s t o n , M a s s . 0 22 03
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




REGION II— RID-ATLANTIC
341 Ninth A v e .
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

REGION III— SOUTHERN
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , N E .
A tla n ta , G a . 3 0309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

REGION TV— NORTH CENTRAL
219 S outh D e a r b o r n St.
C h ic a g o , 111. 6 0604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

REGION V— WESTERN
450 G o ld e n G a te A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a li f . 9 4 1 0 2
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

REGION VI— MOUNTAIN-PLAINS
F e d e r a l O f f i c e B u ild in g
T h ir d F l o o r
911 W a ln u t St.
K an sas C ity , M o . 64106
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Area Wage Survey

The Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area




A p ril 19 67

B u lle tin N o. 1 5 3 0 -7 6
July 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into ( 1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and ( 2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups___________________________
Tables:

1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied____________________________________________________
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selectedperiods________________________
A.

Occupational earnings: *
A - 1 . Office occupations—
men and women________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
menand women...
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined_________________________________
A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations__________________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations____________

4
6
9

10
11
12

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women officeworkers____ 14
B - 2 . Shift differentials___________________________________________ 15
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours____________________________________ \
B -4. Paid holidays...______________________________________________ 17
B -5. Paid vacations_________ _____________________________________ \ g
B - 6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans_____________________ 20
B -7. Health insurance benefits provided employees and
their dependents____________________________________________ z 1
B - 8. Premium pay for overtime work__________________________ ZZ

Eighty-six areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment prac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in most of the areas.




3

2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Milwaukee, W is., in April 1967. The Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through April 1966, consists of Milwaukee, Ozaukee, and
Waukesha Counties. This study was conducted by the Bu­
reau's regional office in Chicago, 111., Adolph O. Berger,
Director; by Marvin Glick, under the direction of Kenneth
Thorsten. The study was under the general direction of
Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Regional Director for Wages
and Industrial Relations.

1
4

Appendixes:
A. Change in occupational description:Secretary____________________
B. Occupational descriptions_________________________________________

areas.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage provisions in the Milwaukee area is also
available for the machinery industries (July 1966). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available
for building construction; printing; local-transit operating
employees; and motortruck drivers, helpers, and allied
occupations.

iii

23
25




Area W age Survey
The Milwaukee, Wis., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This area is 1 of 86 in which the U .S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to repre­
sentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted, because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for
overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments.
Similarly, differences in average pay
levels for men and women in any of the selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes
within individual establishments.
Other possible factors which may
contribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differ­
ences in progression within established rate ranges, since only the
actual rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific
duties performed, although the workers are appropriately classified
within the same survey job description.
Job descriptions used in
classifying employees in these surveys are usually more generalized
than those used in individual establishments and allow for minor
differences among establishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight.
E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings*
3
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -series tables, because
either ( 1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or ( 2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in
occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they re­
late to plant and office workers. Administrative, executive, and pro­
fessional employees, and force-account construction workers who are
utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. "Office workers"

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living




1

2
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l) relate only to the establishments visited.
They are presented in
terms of establishments with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of ( 1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and ( 2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Scheduled
weekly hours are those which full-time employees were expected to
work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension
plans; and premium pay for overtime work (tables B -4 through B - 8)
are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all
plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or
may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums of individual
items in tables B -2 through B -8 may not equal totals because of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , ( 1) are provided for
in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.

the tabulations of vacation pay, payments not on a time basis were con­
verted to a time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Selected health insurance benefits provided em ­
ployees and their dependents are also presented.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer ( 1) con­
3
tributes more than is legally required, or ( 2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
( 1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and ( 2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Estimates exclude
vacation-savings plans and those which offer "extended" or "sabbati­
cal" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths of
service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum,
and can industries.
Separate estimates are provided according to
employer practice in computing vacation payments, such as time pay­
ments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in

Data on overtime premium pay (table B - 8), the hours after
which premium pay is received and the corresponding rate of pay, are
presented by daily and weekly provisions. Daily overtime refers to
work in excess of a specified number of hours a day regardless of
the number of hours worked on other days of the pay period.
Weekly
overtime refers to work in excess of a specified number of hours
per week regardless of the day on which it is performed, the number
of hours per day, or number of days worked.

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




2 The temporary

disability laws in California

and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in M ilw a u k e e , W i s . ,
b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l 1967
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ie d
T o ta l4

S t u d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

P ercen t

T o ta l4

9 22

2 22

2 8 1 , 0 00

100

1 8 6 ,4 0 0

4 8 ,5 0 0

191, 740

50
-

422
5 00

106
116

183, 7 00
9 7 , 300

65
35

1 2 8 ,4 0 0
5 8 ,0 0 0

2 5 ,4 0 0
2 3 ,1 0 0

131, 310
6 0 , 4 30

50
50
50
50
50

60
94
169
79
98

21
17
33
18
27

2 2 , 5 00
1 0 ,4 0 0
3 8 ,1 0 0
13, 2 00
13, 100

8
4
14
5
4

1 2 ,3 0 0

4, 400

1 8 ,5 3 0
3, 200
2 6 ,1 7 0
7, 270
5, 260

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ..
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8 ......

O ffic e

(‘ )
( 6)
( )
( 6)

(!)
(!)
( 6)
(6)

1 T h e M ilw a u k e e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s o f M ilw a u k e e , O z a u k e e , and W a u k e s h a C o u n t i e s . T h e " w o r k e r s
w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s tim a te s a re n ot
in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and th e 1 963 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s
n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , an d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n l y in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A b o u t t w o - t h i r d s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e M ilw a u k e e a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b le p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
In d u stry g rou p s

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s

M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) __ 28
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y ____________ 15
F o o d p r o d u c t s _____________________
9
P r i m a r y m e t a l s __________________
9
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______
9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____
6
P r in t in g and p u b l is h i n g __________ 5

E l e c t r i c a l in d u s tr ia l
a p p a r a t u s ____________________________ 9
C o n s t r u c t i o n , m in i n g , and
m a t e r i a l s h a n d lin g m a c h i n e r y
an d e q u ip m e n t ______________________ 8
M o t o r v e h i c l e s and e q u ip m e n t ___ 8
E n g i n e s and t u r b i n e s ________________7
F a r m m a c h i n e r y and
e q u i p m e n t ___________________________ 6

T h is in f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estimates are
measures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to measure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing the aggregate for
the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year. The resultant
relative, less 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative ( 100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each year's relative by the previous year's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Milwaukee, W i s .,
April 1967 and April 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(April 1961=100)

Percents of increase

April 1967

April 1966

April 1966
to
April 1967

All industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)---------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en)-------------------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) -------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------------------------

119.2
126.6
121.8
122.0

113.6
1 17.0
1 16.0
1 14.0

5 .0
8 .2
5 .0
7 .0

1 .6
3. 3
3 .4
3. 1

2 .9
1 .4
2 .4
1 .4

2 .7
3 .4
2 .7
2 .6

3 .4
3 .6
3 .9
3 .8

2 .3
4 .3
2 .6
2 .4

3. 1
5 .0
3 .5
3 .6

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en)---------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-------------------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) -------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------------------------

117.0
126.6
120.9
120.5

113.2
116,5
115.0
115.9

3 .3
8 .7
5 .2
4 .0

1 .7
2 .8
3 .3
3 .5

2. 1
1 .4
2 .5
1.3

3 .0
3 .4
2 .4
3 .4

3 .4
3 .6
3 .8
4 .6

2. 5
4 .3
2. 1
2 .3

4 .0
5 .0
3 .6
3 .5

Industry and occupational group




April 1965
to
April 1966

April 1964
to
April 1965

April 1963
to
April 1964

April 1962
to
April 1963

April 1961
to
April 1962

April 1960
to
April 1961

5
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to weekly salaries for the normal workweek, exclusive
of earnings at overtime premium rates.
For plant worker groups,
they measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings,
excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
The percentages are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces.
Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (l) general salary and
wage changes, ( 2) merit or other increases in pay received by
individual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.




The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job
included in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Data were adjusted where necessary to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

6

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r i l 1967)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of--$

$
50

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
55

(

%

60

65

!
i
70

•
t

75

!
1
80

!
1
85

i

1
90

95

(
100

105

\
li
3
1
3
1
7 --$
!
i
i1
3
1
•
140
150
160
135
120
125
130
110
115

and
under

and

55
MEN

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

-

“

-

“

“

8
8

3
2
1
1

10
2
8
1

4
4
-

17
10
7

38
14
24
1

33
18
15
2

52
11
41
17

40
17
23
17

35
28
7
1

35
32
3

~

3
1
2
~

~

59
47
12
11

56
49
7
3

1

5

-

3
2

2
1

12
11

10
9

14
6

11
6

6
5

5
3

3
1

7
6

5
3

5
4

6
3

17
17

1

-

~

-

19
9
10

5
5

7
7

12
12
”

20
12
8

9
8
1

11
6
5

20
20

14
7
7

10
3

~

11
10
1

24
20
4

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------

415
253
162
57

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
125.00
133.00
117.00
122.00

$
$
113.00-138.00
120.50-140.50
108.00-123.50
118.00-136.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

113
77

99.50
40.0 104.00
40.0 107.50 104.00

88.00-126.50
88.00-132.50

_

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

179
128
51

40.0 121.00 122.00 105.50-138.50
40.0 123.00 1 22.5C 107.00-141.00
93.00-132.00
40.0 116.50 117.00

_
-

$
124.50
133.00
115.50
125.00

PAYROLL ----------------------------

56

40.3

123.00

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANJFACTURING ----------------------

161
75

73.50
69.50

Bt>

43.0
40.0
43.0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------

51

39.0

TABULATING-MACHlNE OPERATORS,
CLASS B - — ---------— ---------— ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

CLERKS,

“
-

~

"

~

io
10
~

7
4
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

4

8

9

7

8

4

1

4

5

-

34

31

6

13

16
1
15

17
1
16

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

3

7

2

12

6

5

3

2

6

118.50-139.00

-

145
114

39.5 113.00 111.00 102.50-123.00
43.0 114.00 113.50 104.50-124.00

-

-

-

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINEI -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES3
-------------------

153
69
84
32

40.0
85.50
40.0
84.00
40.0
86.50
40.0 100.00

83.00
83.00
85.00
98.00

7 7.50 7 9.00 7 7.00 96.50-

-

-

6
1

-

5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINEI --------------------------------------

50

40.0

91.00

98.50

77.00-105.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

205
78
127

40.0
39.5
40.0

95.00
96.50
94.00

96.50
94.00
97.50

87.50-102.00
87.50-104.50
87.50-102.00

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

318
124
194

43.0
40.0
40.0

83.50
88.50
80.00

83.50
87.50
81.00

7 4 .5 0 - 91.50
8 0 .5 0 - 98.00
72.50 - 89.00

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

421
214
207

39.5 109.00 109.00 100.00-120.50
39.5 112.50 112.00 102.00-126.00
97.50-115.50
39.5 105.50 107.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1,337
489
848

43.0
40.0
43.0

84.00
90.50
80.50

83.00
87.50
79.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

144
54
90

43.0
43.0
40.0

83.50
98.00
75.00

79.00
95.00
72.00

' ' »uu

~

40

_

13 1 .0C 129.00

7
7
~

1

83.50
TO CA
oo aa
07|UU

6 5.00 4A
AQ Art07#JU*

15
11
4
3

-

121.00 112.50-131.00
71.00
67.50
f f .a u

7

160 .over

lO

CM

L

-

1
1

1
1

6
3

6
3

13
2

21
21

21
15

18
16

15
15

13
11

10
9

4
4

7
7

4
4

4
2

1

7
2

3
3

5

-

45
14
31
~

25
24
1
1

17
6
11
“

9
9
-

32
6
26
26

2
2
-

3
2
1
1

1
1
1

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

8

10

12

-

~

W EN
OM

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble.




95.50
91.50
97.00
99.50

*
8

2

7

3

~

“

8
8

7
7

3
2
1

19
11
8

28
13
15

20
17
3

53
11
42

39
6
33

12
2
10

8
8
"

4
4
~

1
1
”

2
2
”

1
1
”

~

-

-

-

5

18
4
14

13
3
10

50
14
36

28
8
20

69
17
52

45
34
11

44
8
36

13
9
4

20
15

8
7
1

-

2
2
“

1
1

~

_

-

-

5

1
1
-

1
1

5
_
-

_
-

“

_
“

14
14

5

~

19

1
4

42
29
13

26
11
15

47
22
25

72
30
42

54
27
27

35
21
14

29
11
18

32
28
4

24
16
8

8
4
4

11
6

2
2
-

1
1

14

7 1 .5 0 - 95.00
78.50-103.00
6 9.00 - 92.50

_

31
31

71
9
62

189
37
152

164
42
122

113
47
66

159
81
78

150
63
87

123
46
77

82
28
54

91
25
66

66
28
38

17
10
7

40
37
3

29
26
3

7
7
~

5

-

3
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

70.50 - 93.50
88.00-108.50
6 7.50 - 77.00

-

_
-

11
11

22
22

32
32

10
2
8

15
6
9

11
9
2

11
11

1
1

8
8

10
6
4

3
2
1

9
9

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

~

-

5

“

5

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r il 1967)

W
eekly earnings1
(standard)
N

U

Average
w
eeklyhours1
(standard)

N u m be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$

S

$

t

W
OMEN -

of
w
orkers

$

s

$

$

$

$

S

$
$
$
$
$
$
120
125
L15
130 135 140

S

S

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

55

40

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

L10

55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

$

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

21
16
5
4

26
7
19
17

10
6
4
1

4
4

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

_
-

150

160

160

over

and
u n d er

and

15C

CONTINUED

CLERKS. F I L E . CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES3-------------------

703
256
447
66

3 9 .5
4D .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
7 1 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

$
6 9 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

$
6 3 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

$
7 6 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

-

27
2
25
-

200
35
165
~

165
66
99

118
57
61
18

69
33
36
12

58
25
33
14

CLERKS* F I L E . CLASS C ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

246
200

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

5 9 . 0 0 - 6 7 .0 0
5 9 .5 0 - 6 6 .5 0

21
21

49
32

82
74

89
68

2
2

_

3
3

CLERKS, OROER -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

548
149
399

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

7 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 5 . 5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 5 . 5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
6 4 . 0 0 - 8 3 .0 0

_
-

28
28

98
8
90

97
12
85

46
15
31

74
30
44

45
8
37

33
9
24

72
41
31

15
13
2

19
5
14

6
4
2

3
3

11
3
8

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
~

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------ —
NONMANUFACTURInG ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES3-------------------

575
386
189
45

4 3 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
91 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
94.5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 105 .00 1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0

_
-

_
-

27
27
-

38
20
18
“

40
24
16
4

35
26
9
~

67
52
15
2

66
47
19
3

48
29
19

46
27
19
1

45
27
18
13

37
22
15
4

35
18
17
5

21
17
4
1

26
13
13
10

4
4
-

30
25
5
“

3
3
_

5
4
1
1

2
1
1
1

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

637
179
458

3 9 .5
4 3 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
74.5 0

7 2 . 0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
7 3 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 2 . 0 0 - 8 3 .0 0

_
-

_
-

22
17
5

40
6
34

249
40
209

99
38
61

78
23
55

54
14
40

42
15
27

26
14
12

12
6
6

5
1
4

2
1
1

5
2
3

2
1
1

1
1
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO! -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

79
7G

3 9 .5
4 0 .3

7 6 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 5.00
7 7.00

6 8 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
7 0 . 0 0 - 8 3 .5 0

_

2
-

11
6

11
11

16
15

9
9

18
18

3
3

4
4

2
1

3
3

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

495
248
247

4 3 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
84.50

8 1 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
7 8 . 0 0 - 9 5 .5 0

-

-

_
-

6
6

26
4
22

78
17
61

73
36
37

66
40
26

71
43
28

75
33
42

60
52
8

20
13
7

6
3
3

5
5

4
3
1

2
1
1

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

902
480
422

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 3 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

77 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
73.00

7 0 . 0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
6 8 .5 0 - 8 1 .5 0

_
-

7
2
5

39
17
22

170
61
109

192
65
127

120
78
42

152
108
44

70
48
22

50
22
28

22
15
7

13
9
4

6
6
“

11
8
3

32
23
9

4
4
-

9
9
"

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

192
83
109

3 9 .0
4 3 .3
3 8 .5

6 9 . 0G
7 1 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

6 7.00
67.50
6 7 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 - 6 9 .5 0
6 4 . 0 0 - 7 6 .5 0
6 3 .5 0 - 6 9 .0 0

_
-

15
5
10

44
20
24

91
33
58

13
3
10

7
7
-

7
2
5

2
2
~

1
1
-

7
7
-

-

3
3
-

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

~

-

“

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES4 5
--------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITIES 3
-------------------

2 ,1 9 6
1 .4 5 9
737
128

3 9 .5
4 3 .3
3 9 .0
4 3 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
1 10 .00
113 .00 1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
1 03 .00
9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
119.50 1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

-

1
1
-

3
3
-

15
3
12

11
3
8
“

76
13
63
1

105
70
35
2

207
97
110
7

211
129
82
5

252
166
86
7

223
167
56
16

176
145
31
7

233
179
54
21

191
158
33
9

144
104
40
14

103
71
32
5

87
51
36
6

97
71
26
15

32
17
15
6

29
15
14
7

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 5
-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

368
245
123

3 9 .5 1 2 2 .0 0 121.00 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 2 .0 0 1 21 .50 1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 2 2 .0 0 119.50 1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0

_

-

_

-

_

1

-

-

2
2

26
20
6

21
20
1

10
10

27
5
22

27
21
6

5
4
2

59
45
14

35
31
4

25
17
8

35
25
1C

24
15
9

30
23
7

16
7
9

24
12
12

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 5
-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITIES 3-------------------

577
378
199
36

3 9 .5
4 3 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .3

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

116 .50 1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0
1 21 .00 1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
102.50
9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
126.00 1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .5 0

_
-

19
19

7
5
2

54
ID
44

42
15
27
1

45
32
13

57
33
24
3

45
40
5

53
44
9

72
61
11

61
48
13

36
31
5

2

4

2

2

47
37
10
3

26
13
13
8

6
5
1
1

4
3
1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS C 5
-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES3-------------------

889
604
285
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 3 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 08 .00
9 8 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
109 .50 1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
101.00
125 .50 1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0

_
-

30

85
40
45

87

131
103
28
1

106
92
14

99

92
78
14

64
46
18

48
31
17
12

21

26

41
35

9
5
4
2

1
1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS D5
-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

348
232
116

9 9 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 1 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 0 .5 0 1 0 1 .5C

9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0

_

42
27
15

71
59
12

48
26

33

10
8
2

-

1
1

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le,




-

-

-

1

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

_
-

2

6

3

_

1
1

-

-

2
2
-

6

2

-

1

3

38
16

6

2

27

22

1
-

8
2

5
2

33
29

1

6

3

20
10
10

4

55

32

~

22

9

21
12

85
14
1
25
16
9

5

6

29
12
17

20
20

-

3

9

5

12

21

2

3

_

1
1

6
4

-

-

_
-

_

‘

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k ee, W is. , A p r il 1967)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

$

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

A
verage
w
eekly
h rs1
ou
(s n a )
ta d rd

$

$

$

%

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

$
105

55

N ber
um

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

—
-

1
1
-

84
39
45

-

22
5
17
-

204
102
102
9

209
132
77
17

208
143
65
20

157
113
44
8

92
47
45
21

95
55
40
27

_
-

_
-

4
3
1

30
13
17
“

71
42
29
-

81
62
19
~

118
84
34
1

125
86
39
2

_
-

1
1

3
3

9
8

15
14

16
13

50
Mean2

M
edian 2

M
iddle ra g 2
ne

S

S

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$
$
150
160

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

HO

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

over

49
30
19
16

28
11
17
11

42
12
30
20

23
6
17
12

38
30
8
8

1
1
1

-

2
2
-

-

“

“

111
87
24
14

118
91
27
12

87
62
25
5

64
46
18
11

78
52
26
16

58
49
9
4

59
59
-

43
40
3
3

35
35
~

-

-

-

9
8

11
7

15
11

4
4

2
2

10
9

1
1

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

and
under

and

W
OMEN - CONTINUED
$
85.50
85.50
85.50
97.00

$
82.50
83.00
82.00
97.00

$
$
7 5.00 - 9 3 .0C
7 6.50 - 91.00
7 3.50- 95. 0C
84.00-109.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------

1,255
728
527
170

39,5
40.0
39.5
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES3-------------------

1,082
811
271
68

40.0 102.00 100.00
88.50-115.00
40.0 103.50 101.50
90.00-118.00
39.5
85.50-108.00
96.00
94.50
40.0 109.50 110.00 100.00-117.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

103
88

40.0
40.0

96.50
96.50

94.50
93.50

84.50-104.50
83.50-107.00

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

142
128

40.0
40.0

72.50
71.00

69.00
67.50

6 0 .0 0 - 81.50
59.50 - 80.00

_

36
36

13
13

30
30

9
7

16
11

11
10

5
5

13
10

6
3

1
1

l
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

435
219
216

39.5
40.0
39.5

83.00
87.00
78.50

82.50
87.00
76.00

7 2 .5 0 - 92.50
81.00- 93.50
68.00- 88.00

_
~

_
~

43
13
30

41
41

55
23
32

42
6
36

73
55
18

42
33
9

65
51
14

26
8
18

16
13
3

21
11
10

6
2
4

3
2
1

1
1
~

_
-

_
~

_
-

~

—

1
1
~

73

40.0

99.00

97.50

91.00-109.00

-

3

11

19

8

9

7

10

2

1

2

392
189
203

39.5
40.0
39.0

82.50
86.50
79.00

82.50
86.00
77.50

74.00 - 91.00
81 .0 0 - 94.00
7 1 .0 0 - 87.00

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------

658
433
225
29

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

86.50
88.50
83.50
92.50

84.50
86.00
82.50
90.00

7 6.50 7 8.50 7 4.00 8 3.50 -

93.50
95.00
92.00
99.50

_
-

1,595
TYPISTS, CLASS 8 --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------908
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------687
67
PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------------- 1
5
4
3
2

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

75.50
79.50
70.00
76.50

72.00
74.00
69.50
73.50

66.506 8.00 64.50 7 1 .5 0 -

78.50
84.00
74.00
79.00

_

-

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

TRANSCR IBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

14
6
8

44
8
36

52
9
43

44
15
29

81
51
30

52
32
20

44
28
16

29
27
2

19
5
14

5
l
4

5
4
1

1
1

1
1

5
5

-

-

17
7
10

109
52
57

96
66
30
4

108
74
34
5

99
74
25
6

84
47
37
4

53
38
15
4

23
21
2
2

12
7
5

14
9
5
2

24
23
1

-

12
8
4
2

~

112

52
34
18
4

48
43

9
6

16
14
2
2

17
17
-

24
24
-

29
29
-

12
11
1
1

19
19
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

-

186
130
56
6

1

59
26

33
-

238
88
150
1

-

354
178
176
2

-

408
199
209
43

78
34

6

5

3

2

-

-

1
1

-

~

_
-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

12
12
-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T he m e a n is co m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than
the ra te sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than th e r a te sh ow n .
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pa y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the
h ig h er r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
5 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
S ee a p p e n d ix A .




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r i l 1967)

Weekly eamings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of worker s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

1

$

Num
ber weekly
of
hours1
workers (standard)

Mean2

M
edian 2

Middle range 2

$

$

1

%

%

$

$

$

t

$

$

i

%

$

$

(

i

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

8G

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

22
22

T J
T
70
Under
$
and

103
103

138
137

162
160

85
82

*8
*6

*2
*2

22
21

32

8

12
9

10
8

15
11

3

under
75

MEN
$

$

$

$

nn t r Tpurki CLASS A — — — — — —
DRAr TSHcl'if /*i i r r a —
— —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

653

1/. l AA-1 AQ Afl
^0 •0
l*t3. UU—
loo.U U
*0.0 157.50 15*.50 1*2.50-167.00

B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

563
513

*0.0 13*.00 133.00 1 2 3 .5 0 -1 * 1 .5q
*o.c 132.00 131.50 122.50-139.50

*11

*3.0

DRAFTSMEN* CLASS
MANUFACTURING

DRAFTSMEN* CLASS C
II AKIIIC A u i I R I N r
H A N U r A T T lUD l f t ib

—

-------------------------------------------“

mn A CTCUCk l * T D i rL tB C
URArl o n t N
1KA C Ko
u Af t u a r A r r u n r i i r
HANUr AU 1 UKl i i Vi •

~

110.00 106.00

98.50-121.50
QQ | v VA ."1 £ C « U Ul
Af
7 7 ri / l
7O#UU*
fA AA-

*

8**00

83*5C

oU « UU
7 n nn

-

“
-

~

1
1

1
1

*
*

*

5

19

*0

27

*8

36

1

2
2

13
12

*

10
10

16
16

22
22

53
51

129
128

166
153

62
52

53
*3

52

77

*6

35

15

56
56

33
29

20
20

5
5

*

-

-

1
1

205

*0.0

30
25

13
12

6
5

1
1

1
1

_

1

191
170

39.5 119.00 118.00 I 0 7 .0 0 -I 3 l.0 0
*0.0 119.00 118.00 i0 7 .0 0 -1 3 l.0 0

13

30

_

_

_

1

“

~

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
1

20

1

5

QA « 3 U
7 v CA

7A t3 U "
I O A rt*

_

1*

*

1
1

2

W
OMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! ------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------------------

3
2

20
19

20
20

18
16

28
26

3*
29

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f pa y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m
t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te l* ta ble A - l .




r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r i l 1967)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

36

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
86.00
84.00
88.00
102.00

50

43.0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
( standard)

88

210
83
127

40.0
39.5
40.0

96.00
99.50
94.00

320
124
196

40.0
40.0
40.0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES2-------------------

836
467
369
88

116.50
40.0 122.00
40.0 110.00
43.0 122.00

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1 450
566
884

40.0
43.0
40.0

86.00
92.50
81.50

147
55
92

40.0
40.0
40.0

84.00
97.50
76.00

83.00
88.50
79.50

o
o

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------

719
266
453
66

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

71.00
75.00
69.00
81.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING -

253
207

39.5
39.0

62.50
62.50

CLERKS, ORDER -------MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

727
277
450

39.5
88.00
40.0 102.00
39.5
79.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES2
-------------------

631
426
205
54

96.50
40.0
40.0
96.00.
40.0
97.50
40.0 109.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ----n o n m an u fac t u rln g -

637
179
458

39.5
40.0
39.0

78.50
81.00
78.00

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

85
76

39.5
43.0

$
76.00
77.50

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

497
249
248

40.0
43.0
39.5

90.50
93.50
87.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

904
482
422

40.0
43.0
40.0

80.00
83.50
76.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS--------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

353
158
195

39.5
43.0
39.0

71.00
73.50
71.50

SECRETARIES3 4
--------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------

2,210
1,471
739
130

39.5
43.0
39.0
40.0

111.50
113.50
107.50
123.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 4-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

370
247
123

39.5 122.03
40.0 122.00
39.5 122.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------

582
383
199
36

39.5
4 3 .C
39.5
40.0

115.50
120.00
106.50
123.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C 4-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------

896
609
287
48

39.5
40.0
39.0
43.0

109.50
111.50
106.00
125.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 4
-----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

348
232
116

39.5 101.00
39.5 101.00
39.5 100.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------

1,257
728
529
172

39.5
43.0
39.5
43.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------

1,082
811
271
68

43.0 102.00
40.0 103.50
39.5
96.00
43.0 109.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING------------------------- -

104
88

40.0
43.0

85.50
85.50
85.50
97.50

96.50
96.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

142
128

40.0
40.0

$
72.50
71.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

435
219
216

39.5
40.0
39.5

83.00
87.00
78.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------------------------

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

91.00

157
69

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -----

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE)-------------- ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES13
2-------------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

68

39.0

124.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
----------------------------------CLASS B ------------------------------------J
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

218
147
71

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

90
57

40.3
43.0

94.50
98.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

392
189
203

39.5
43.0
39.0

82.50
86.50
79.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES2-------------------

662
436
226
30

4 0 .C
40.0
39.5
43.0

87.00
88.50
84.00
93.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------

1,596
909
687
67

39.5
4 3 .C
39.5
43.0

75.50
79.50
70.00
76.50

40.0 108.00
43.0 112.00
39.5. 99.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

667
654

43.0 158.00
40.0 157.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

581
531

43.0
40.0

133.50
132.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

426
404

40.0
40.0

110.00
1 1 0 .CO

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

235
227

43.0
43.0

83.50
83.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

191
170

39.5 119.00
43.0 119.00

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.
4 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r i l 1967)
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

$
Me:

Median 2

Middle range

U er
nd

*

$

$

$

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4 . 2 0

2 .5 0 u n d er
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90
CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES3-------------------

262
184
78
37

$
3.58
3.52
3.74
3.29

$
3.54
3.52
3.79
2.97

$
3 .183 .272 .9 7 2.89-

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1,078
889

3.95
3.87

3.94
3.85

3.5 6 - 4.23
3.50- 4.07

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

201
136
65

3.47
3.57
3.25

3.44
3.55
3.16

3.23- 3.72
3.33- 3.81
3.06- 3.47

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

501
373
128

3.02
3.17
2.59

2.99
3.13
2.56

2 .8 1 - 3.36
2.93- 3.70
2.2 3 - 2.94

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES ---------MANUFACTURING ---- ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL ITIES 3
-------------------

416
223
193
164

3.07
2.90
3.27
3.34

3.03
2.94
3.29
3.51

2.9 0 2.753 .0 3 3.0 7 -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

869
866

3.79
3.79

3.91
3.91

3.46- 4.11
3 .4 6 - 4.11

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL ITIES 3
-------------------

677
650

3.87
3.86

3.95
3.94

3 .62- 4.15
3.6 2 - 4.14

27

4.05

4.52

3.28- 4.56

719
210
509
483

3.51
3.50
3.52
3.52

3.54
3.47
3.55
3.55

3.4 0 3.213.493 .5 0 -

MFCHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

1,084
1,015
69

3.54
3.52
3.80

3.61
3.61
4.01

3.25“ 3.81
3 .2 5 - 3,79
3 .31- 4.15

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

420
413

3.69
3.69

3.73
3.72

3 .5 1 - 3.89
3 .50- 3.90

-

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

389
389

3.22
3.22

3.22
3.22

2 .9 2 - 3.64
2 .92- 3.64

10
10

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

157
127

3.71
3.67

3.65
3.63

3 .4 5 - 4.06
3 .4 6 - 3.88

_

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3
--------------------

340
291

3.78
3.84

3.83
3.84

3 .5 8 - 3.96
3 .6 4 - 3.96

_

25

3.85

4.01

3 .6 5 - 4.06

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

134
130

3.71
3.69

3.66
3.65

3 .5 8 - 3.89
3 .5 7 - 3.85

_

-

~

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1,345
1,345

4.10
4.10

4.15
4.15

3 .9 1 - 4.27
3 .9 1 - 4.27

_

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
CMAINTENANCE) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------

$
3.93
3.71
4.61
3.85

3.30
3.04
3.55
3.56

3.60
3.66
3.59
3.59

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

24
12
12
11

14
3
11
11

19
11
8
~

11
11

1
-

_

16
16

-

_

5

-

_

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-




30
20

44
43

16
1
15

19
3
16

23
23
-

22
22
-

13
8
5
4

5
4
1
-

20
19
1
1

102
101

52
52

82
82

52
52

71
71

103
101

125
123

59
56

29
22
7

17
12
5

14
14
“

23
15
8

12
12
-

14
12
2

14
14

6
3
3

6
5
1

-

8
5
3

2
2
-

_

15
15
-

20
-

-

-

20

“

-

17
1

3
-

142
103

101
97
4

-

~

1C

and

-

-

-

6
6

-

10
2
111
15

_

23
13

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
6
24

9
9
~

9
5
4

36
31
5

104
70
34

26
26

49
49
-

17
14
3

35
35

5
4
1
-

29
21
8
“

19
19

21
20
1
-

78
6C
18
7

101
48
53
48

8
7
1
-

25
11
14
14

4
3
1
1

6
5
1
1

82

8

-

2

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

82
82

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

~

28
25
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

7
7

27
27

57
54

89
89

39
39

31
31

54
54

54
54

56
56

74
74

132
132

183
183

47
47

2
2

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

26
26

2
2

22
13

22
22

43
43

39
37

61
81

16
16

69
69

36
36

18
18

281
281

5
5

16
~

_

_

_

-

"

-

~

9

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

2
2
-

76
43
33
33

86
21
65
55

8
6
2
“

72
41
31
26

295
24
271
265

115
25
90
90

3
1
2
2

7
4
3

8
7
1
1

4
4
4

32
30
2
2

5
5
5

_

_
-

-

.
_

44
30
14

63
63

57
54
3

217
217
-

68
68
-

171
171
*

58
58
-

19

18
18

1

14

73
66

63
63

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

6
6
-

-

29
29
-

115
99
16

21
21
-

167
167

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

20
20
-

_

_

_

3
3

12
12

2
2

12
12

2
2

13
13

34
34

22
22

78
78

18
18

51
51

2
2

11
11

32
32

37
37

36
36

39
39

17
17

62
62

1
1

3
3

5
5

102
102

30
30

_

_

-

6
5

1
1

5
5

3
3

9
8

6
4

5
“

10
10

23
23

21
19

5
1

8
-

6
6

8

14
3

1
1

13
11

9
8

17
17

12
12

37
37

-

-

-

-

3

-

2

1

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

1
1

7
7

8
8

23
23

5
5

2
2

36
36

24
24

64
64

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e f in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2 , ta ble A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s :
24 at $ 1.90 to $ 2 ; and 27 at $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .3 0 .
3

23
21

6

32
31
1

-

5.00 .over

75
24
4
51

'
1
2

22
19

—

4.10 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80

5

-

3

20
18
2
2

16
16

-

15
14
1
-

-

$
$
$
$
4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00
-

o
P

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

-

-

-

_

-

19

_

-

1

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

22
22

_

4
-

_

31
31

45
45

86
81

14
-

-

-

-

-

5

14

-

-

7
7

7
7

20
20

-

_

-

12
8

44
44

156
156

100
100

257
257

411
411

-

120
120

-

_

2
-

-

-

_

14

-

•

2

_

-

49
49

_

37
37

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

36
26

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

39
39

-

_

-

-

-

-

•

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

106
106

15
15

1
1

4
4

-

-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r i l 1967)
Number of worker s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

%
M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle range 3

\
1
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1
%
$
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 ] 90 2.00 2.10 2. 20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70
L.
%

1.40
Under
$
and
1.40 under

1,079
516

$
2. 15
2,68

$
1.83
2.79

$
$
1.64- 2.79
2 .4 2 - 3.07

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

345

2.73

2.91

1.60

111

18
18

-

2 .4 8 - 3.05

-

10

8

9

“

~

13
13

152
34
118

107
28
79
~

108
13
95
~

90
3
87
~

33
10
23

79
20

21
2

20

325
9

6

12
12

27
11

47
47

26
26

20
18

57
48

16
16

79
79

102
92

68
68

1

2

35
35

10

12

6

33

12

15

32

15

72

38

171

2.57

2.58

2 .1 5 -

3.11

-

2,207
1,543
664
80

2.36
2.55
1.93
2.71

2.45
2.58
1.82
2.76

2 .0 3 2 .3 3 1.642 .3 4 -

2.77
2.84
2.07
3.00

6
6

JANITORS* PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES4-------------------

703
231
472
154

1.92
2.48
1.65
1.85

1.77
2.55
1.66
1.91

1.54- 2.39
2 .3 7 - 2.74
1 .48- 1.79
1 .7 4 - 1.96

31
31

108
108
10

93
13
80

32
4
28
1

118
2
116
62

16
5
11

LABORERS,- MATERIAL HANDLING---------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------

4,091
2,988
1,103
566

2.85
2.75
3.11
3.53

2.85
2.69
3.27
3.63

2 .4 7 2 .4 4 2 .8 5 3 .6 0 -

3.18
3.11
3.64
3.67

_
-

_
-

55
24
31

44
24
20

10
1
9

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1,015
348
667

3.02
2.93
3.07

3.12
2.96
3.15

2 .8 9 - 3.18
2 .8 3 - 3.09
3 .0 9 - 3.20

-

2

_

2

PACKERS, SH IPPING------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1,013
866
147

2.87
2.89
2.78

2.91
2.89
3.12

2 .6 5 - 3.14
2 .6 8 - 3.13
2 .3 6 - 3.17

_
~

_
-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

423
201
222

2.02
2.17
1.89

2.03
2.09
1.94

1.6 7 - 2.27
1 .8 1 - 2.55
1.6 4 - 2.24

_
-

29
29

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

321
209
112

2.92
2.89
2.98

3.01
2.95
3.08

2 .6 9 - 3.23
2 .6 9 - 3.17
2 .6 3 - 3.41

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

332
295

3.00
3.00

2.97
2.97

2 .6 9 - 3.38
2 .6 9 - 3.35

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

230
140
90

3.03
3.02
3.05

3.02
3.11
2.98

2 .8 8 - 3.33
2 .76- 3.35
2 .9 3 - 3.25

_
-

_
-

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS5 ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------

3,375
859
2,516
1,689

3.43
3.27
3.48
3.61

3.58
3.35
3.61
3.65

3 .2 5 2 .9 2 3 .3 0 3 .6 1 -

3.67
3.73
3.67
3.69

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

118
89

2.76
2.95

2.76
2.79

2 .4 7 - 3.17
2 .7 4 - 3.24




-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_
-

“

_
-

67

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,

2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 over

30
15

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

14

25

“

5

14

14

3

16

1

7

54

1

158
53
105
5

111
103
8
2

124
107
17
7

142
122
20
15

113
110
3
“

265
248
17
1

126
118
8
6

151
137
14
7

190
186
4
3

189
172
17
15

117
99
18
9

11
11
9

94
3
91
75

5
4
1
“

6
6
-

15
15
“

22
22
*
*

74
70
A
4

13
12
1
1

19
18
1
1

33
33
-

14
14
-

—
-

~

-

-

-

-

”

10
10
“

110
99
11

9
1
8

29
6
23

108
61
47

44
19
25

433
408
25

260
251
9

267
253
14

385
371
14

173
160
13
6

254
197
57
41

75
68
7
“

899
692
207

112
52
60

382
289
93
90

442
12
430
429

_
-

_
-

-

_

13

3

-

3

27
8
19

10
1
9

27
4
23

27
12
15

43
30
13

79
69
10

62
62

13

25
13
12

516
123
393

146
26
120

29
29

3
3

1
1

_
-

8
8

8
3
5

_
-

8
8
“

21
21

56
38
18

8
7
1

54
39
15

121
121

80
80

62
62
-

358
282
76

58
49
9

3
2
1

13
13

6
6

~

26
20
6

104
104

“

8
8

11
11
-

54
37
17

31
9
22

36
3
33

16
11
5

38
25
13

24
17
7

29
21
8

89
4
85

6
6
~

5
5
“

30
30
*
■'

5
2
3

4
4
~

-

1
1
~

23
23

3
3

“

-

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

~

*
*

9
9

13
8
5

6
2
4

6
2
4

7
5
2

25
21
4

16
16

27
21
6

15
12
3

77
54
23

56
40
16

26
4
22

7
7

-

-

-

31
24
7

-

_

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

5

-

-

-

27
27

a
a

39
30

18
18

21
21

53
52

21
14

53
53

72
59

2
~

4
4

-

~

-

-

1
1

10
1
9

11
11

6
6
-

6
6
-

3
2
1

14
14

8
8
~

55
12
43

39
28
11

47
36
11

16
15
1

13
13

1
1

-

1

-

1

21
20
1

50
29
21

9
5
4

62
61
1
1

91
63
28
24

34
27
7
7

64
51
13
5

287
97
190
92

630
111
519
25

454 1369
173
31
281 1338
117 1335

275
190
85
83

-

45
41

3
3

2
2

9
9

12
11

-

-

2

-

_

2

-

-

$
$
$
$
$
3.2C 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00
and

2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80
1.70 1.80 1.90 ;

1.50

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

S
%
1$
2.80 2,90 3.00

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

•

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

1

1

8
8

-

_

15
15

~

-

_
1
1
~
-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r i l 1967)
Hourly earnings 2
N

Occupation1 and industry division

•Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
1.40 1*50 1.60 1.70 1.80

of
workers

Mean 1
3
2

M edian 3

Middle range3

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.60 2*70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60

2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 over

Under
$
and
1.40 under
1.50

TRUCKORIVERS5 -

$
$
$
$
$
$
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50

$

L

S

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM C1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS! --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES4------------------- 5

768
240
528
227

$
3.21
3.01
3.30
3.42

$
3.30
3.04
3.34
3.56

$
3 .1 0 2.6 9 3.243.50-

$
3.51
3.41
3.54
3.61

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES4-------------------

1*294
200
1,094
819

3.54
3.30
3.58
3.66

3.62
3.34
3.63
3.66

3 .443 .073 .5 0 3.66-

3.66
3.52
3.67
3.66

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES4--------------------

779
485
266

3.52
3.47
3.70

3.63
3.61
3.67

3 .2 7 - 3.83
3.2 2 - 3.68
3 .63- 3.82

-

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKERS* POWER (FORKLIFT) -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------- --------------PUBLIC U TILITIES4-------------------

1,538
1,275
263
56

3.01
3.00
3.06
3.38

3.04
3.01
3.25
3.37

2 .702 .7 0 2 .793.3 1 -

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------- — — — -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

441
417

2.93
2.92

3.03
3.02

2.74- 3.14
2.72- 3.13

-

-

1
2
3
4
5

3.27
3.23
3.35
3.64

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-




29
8
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

9

~

9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

39
16
23
23

19
19

2
2

30
30

—
-

64
42
22
22

293
22
2 71
1

148
34
114
112

92
27
65
65

2

-

21
17
4
4

3
3

4
4

16
16

39
39

-

~

“

-

190
76
114
4

216
54
162
-

822
4
818
815

1
1
-

~

-

“

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e f in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta ble A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , as d e fin e d , r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

20
20
_

-

2

-

4
3
3

24
8

99
98

115
113

75
5
5

175
175
175

272
83
83

105
99
6
1

97
97
“

94
91
3
“

350
312
38
10

256
132
124
24

182
173
9
-

25
2
23
21

28
28
-

30
30

24
24

46
39

235
221

5
3

2
1

-

-

-

13

13

14

13
_

14
-

37
24
13

136
132
4
-

65
63
2
~

106
101
5

-

-

31
31

24
24

34
34

10
10

-

-

2

“

1
1
-

21
21

14
B.

Establishm ent P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1967)
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
Nonmanufacturing

M anufacturing
M inim um weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

Establishm ents studied____________________________

_

Establishm ents having a specified m inim um ____________
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00
$97.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
o ver..

$52.50_____________________ ____
$55.00_____ ________________
_
_
$57.50____________________ ______
$60.00______________________ ____
$62.50___________________________
$65.00___________________________
$67.50___________________________
$70.00__________________ _______
$72.50___________________________
$75.00______________ _________ _
$77.50___________________________
$80.00______________ _____ ____
$82.50______________ ____________
$85.00___________________ ______
$87.50______________ ______ _____
$90.00__ ------------ ------------- ------------------$92.50______________ _ _ ___________
_
$95.00__________________ _________ __
$97.50_____________
__ ________________
_______________
_______________ ________

A ll
schedules

106

XXX

116

84

51

47

33

1

_

1

-

-

_
-

4
6
17
11
14
11
6

3
11

-

4
3
6
3
3

6

5

5

2

2

40

A ll
schedules

40

222

106

XXX

116

28

101

57

52

44

38

1
3
1

_
5
15

_
4
14

2
2
7
7
6
3
3
4
2
1
1
1
2
1
1

2
1
7
5
6
2
2
4
2
1
1

XXX

XXX

-

-

-

-

4
2
1
1
1
1

3
1

3
1

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1
1

1

1

-

-

2
2
7
12
21
12
14
10
3
3
4
1
2
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

8

11
6
4

Establishm ents having no specified m in im u m __________

26

Establishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers
in this category ---- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

84

29

2
11
7
10
5
4

-

3
2

1
1
1
1

9

8

11
6
1
2
3

10
5
1
2
3

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

2
1
1
-

-

-

4

4

4

XXX

28

XXX

78

31

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

55

XXX

43

18

XXX

25

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a re p a id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

40

222

54

__

40

Nonmanufacturing

M anufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .




15

Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1967)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

Shift differential

In establishm ents having fo rm a l
p rovisio ns 1 for—
T h ird or other
shift w ork

Second shift
work

T h ird or other
shift

20.3

6.9

90.0

86.4

20.2

6.8

74.1

64.0

17.3

5.0

1.5
5.6
.7
8.4
1.4
21.1
5.2
10.7
.5
7.5
8.4
-

.4

.3
1.5
.2
2.2
.4
4.5
1.4
2.5
.1
1.8
1.8
-

90.8

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l__________________

Le ss than 7 c e n ts____________________
7 c e n ts _____________________________
l lh c e n ts________ __________________
8 cents ____________________________
8 V2 or 9 cents_______________________
_ _
_
._ _
10 cents .
11 cents_____________________________
12 cents_____________________________
I 2 V2 cents___________________________
13 cents_____________________________
14 cents_____________________________
15 cents_____________________________
16 cents_____________________________
17 cents____________
_____________
18 cents______ _ ___________________
_
20 cents
......
.
_
O ver 20 cents
....... .

Second shift

87.2

T o t a l _____________________________________

U n ifo rm cents (per hour)________________

A ctu a lly wo rking on—

-

3.1

.8
8.2
1.6
7.2
.5
8.2
2.4
14.0
4.1
1.3
3.4
6.8
4.9

14.4

_
-

.8

.1
.5
.1
.3
.1
1.1
.2
.5
1.0
.1
.2
.3
.5

14.4

2.7

1.0

6.2
7.2
.9

_

1.0

_

1.3
1.1
4.8
7.2

1.6
.1

.1
.2
.5
.3

Other fo rm a l pay d ifferen tia l____________

L6

8.1

.1

.9

W ith no shift pay d iffe r e n tia l_______________

.8

.8

.1

.1

U n ifo rm percentage____________________
5 p e rc e n t___________________________
6 p e rc e n t_____________________ ____
7 percent
.. _ .. . - _
.
_
8 percent
. .
.. . .........
9 p e rc e n t___________________________
10 percent___________________________

-

1
I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .

s h ifts ,

an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

-

w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g

la t e

s h i ft s

16
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s

2
1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r ie s

4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

U n d e r 37 V h o u r s ______________________________ ______
2
37 V2 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 37 V2 and u n d e r 38 ^ 4 h o u r s --------------------------3 8 3 h o u r s __________ ____ ______________________________
/4
39 h o u r s __________________________ ____ _________________
40 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 and u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s ________________________
4 5 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------4 8 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------- --------------------- -----

3
3

3
3

-

8

-

-

-

2

-

1

1

-

6

2

-

100

(5 )
82

94

100

-

(S)
-

(5 )
-

1
2
3
4
5

(5)
80
4
4
3
4

78
3
5
2

2

(5)
4

4

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a m ajority of the fu ll-tim e w orkers were expected to work, whether they were paid for at straigh t-tim e or overtim e rates.
Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rvice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rvice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




-

-

17

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1 967)
Plant w orkers

Office workers

Item
A ll industries 1

A ll w o rke rs___ ___ _________________________

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid a y s ____________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a y s __________________________

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 1
2

A ll in d u s trie s 3

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s2

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

99

99

100

(4)

(4)

2

(4)

3
23
2
2
8
(4)
5
27
1
1
18
2
1
2
1
3

1
9
2
2
4
(4)
7
36
1
1
25
1
1
2
1
4

3
4
6
8
27
28
60
60
69
72
95
95
95
95
97
98

4
5
9
10
36
37
81
81
88
90
98
98
98
99
99
99

Num ber of days

L e ss than 6 h o lid a y s ___________ ________ ___
6 h o lid a y s___________________________ ___ _
_
6 holidays plus 1 half day___________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s -------------------- -----6 holidays plus 4 half d a y s ----------------- --------7 h o lid a y s _________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s __________________
8 h o lid a y s _________________________________
8 holiday-s plus 1 half day----------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ______ ___ ________
8 holidays plus 3 half d a y s __________________
9 h o lid a y s _________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s __________________
JO holidays-----------------------------------------------10 holidays plus 1 half d a y --------------------------11 holidays------------------------------------------------

_
38
22
20
-

(4)
18
9
2

_

_

8
2
1
4

11
4
35
1
12
1
-

(4)
12
23
1
2

(4)
21
4
1
3

38
1
2
1

2

-

20
-

(4)
10
5
6
15
1
1

4

2
2
7
11
34
34
55
60
72
81
98
98
98
98
99
99

4
4
8
9
49
50
85
85
90
92
99
99
99
99
99
99

-

-

35
-

-

Total holiday t im e 5

11 days----------------------------------------------------10 V days o r m o r e ________________________
z
10 days or m o re __________________ ___ _____
9 x days or m o re ____________________ ___ _
!z
9 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------8 V days or m o re __________________________
2
8 days or m o r e ----------------------------------- ------7 x days or m o re--------------------------------------lz
7 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------6 V2 days or m o re --------------------------------------6 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------5 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------3 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------2 x days or m o re __________________________
/z
2 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------1 day or m o re ------------------------------------ -----—

1
2
3
4
5
no half

„
-

20
20
20
40
40
62
62
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
35
35
36
50
50
89
89
100
100
100
100
100
100

Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rvice s, in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rvice s, in addition to those industry d ivisions shown separately.
L e s s than 0. 5 percent.
A ll com binations of fu ll and half days that add to the same amount are combined; fo r example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and
days, 8 fu ll days and 2 half days, 7 fu ll days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1 967)
Office w orkers

Plant w orkers
Vacation po licy
Public u t ilit ie s 3

A ll industries 4

Manufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

A ll industries 2

A ll w o rke rs____________________________

—

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
86
14
-

100
81
19
-

100
100
-

99
99
1
-

100
97
3
-

100
100

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations___________________________
L ength-of-tim e paym ent________________
Percentage payment____________________
Fla t-su m paym ent______________________
O th e r_________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations________________________

-

(5)

(5)

Amount of vacation p a y 6
A fte r 6 months of se rvice
Under 1 week_____________________________
1 week___________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
2 w eeks__________________________________

15
14
-

21
6
-

_
38
-

5
53
5
2

7
46
4
1

_
62
-

(5)
81
5
12
-

1
86
7
4
3

82
18
-

35
1
63

38

-

69
31
-

2

57
21
19
1
3

41
59
-

4
3
92
(5)
-

4
4
91
1

10
9
80
-

-

"

17
18
63
1

19
25
53
1

_
100
-

1

93
4

1
3
88
7

1
99
-

3

-

-

"

-

_
100
-

1

3

15
24
57
1
4

_
100
-

(5)
1
80
9
8

1
1
76
12
7

97
-

A fte r 1 year of se rvice
Under 1 week_____________________________
1 week___________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w ee ks__________________
w eeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s__________________
3 w ee ks____________________________
_ _
_

2

2

-

(5)
-

2

59
1

A fte r 2 years of se rvice
1 week___________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w ee ks__________________
w ee ks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s--------------------------3 w eeks__________________________________

2

49
15
34
(5)

"

A fte r 3 years of se rvice
1 week___________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
w ee ks_ _______ ______________________
Over 2 and under 3 w ee ks__________________
3 w ee ks__________________________________

2

2

2

A fte r 4 years of se rvice
1 week___________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
2 w ee ks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s__________________
3 w eeks__________________________________

13
17
67
1

1
2

93
4
1

3
87
7
2

A fte r 5 years of se rvice
1 week----------------------------------------------------_
_
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_
2 w eeks__________________________________
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
_
_
3 weeks _ ________________________________
4 w eeks_
_ __
___ ______________
__

See footnotes at end of table.




2

3

3

-

-

(5)
84
6
10

(5)
75
11
14

"

99
1

‘

19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1967)
Office workers

Plant w orkers
Vacation p o licy
A ll industries 1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

A ll industries 4

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

Amount of vacation p a y 6 Continued
—
A fte r 10 years of se rv ice
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
2 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s__________________
3 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s__________________
4 w e e k s___________________________________

(5)
21
10
59
5
6

16
13
56
7
8

21

(5)
12
10
65
6
6

_
6
14
62
9
9

_
2
98
-

(5)
6

20
4
67
5
4

9
8
68
10
5

-

15
5
70
6
5

3
8
70
11
7

3

-

5

2

-

-

-

6
.5
13
18
1

85

(5)
76
6
12
1

-

66
11
20
1

91
5

-

79
-

-

-

-

9
-

91
-

A fte r 12 years of se rvice
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
2 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s__________________
3 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s__________________
4 w e e k s___________________________________

4
96
-

A fte r 15 years of se rvice
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
2 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s__________________
3 weeks___________________________________
_
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s________________
4 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 4 w eeks______________________________

(5)
70
9
14
1

-

15
-

-

4

-

A fte r 20 years of se rvice
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
2 w e e k s___________________________________
3 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s__________________
4 w e e k s___________________________________
O ver 4 w eeks______________________________

(5)
6
25
3
56
10

_

-

-

-

-

3
23
3
57
14

-

5
25
2
61
7

2
10
3
73
12

4
2
91
2

(5)
6
17

_

-

-

-

-

3
12

-

5
15

2
4

4
2

(5)
52
25

-

-

52
34

80
20

(5)
6
17

_

-

-

-

-

3
12

-

5
15

2
4

4

(5)
47
29

-

-

46
40

78
22

-

100
-

A fte r 25 years of se rvice
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s__________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ _
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s__________________
4 w e e k s___________________________________
D v ( > r 4 weeks
_ __
_
____________________

(5)
54
26

-

-

60
34

56
37

M a xim u m vacation available 7
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________
2 w e e k s___________________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s__________________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w eeks______________________________

(5)
49
31

2

-

-

56
38

55
38

1 Includes basic plans only.
Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths
of se rvice .
T y p ic a l of such exclusions are plans in the steel, alum inum , and can indu stries.
2 Includes data for w holesale trade, re ta il trade, rea l estate, and se rv ice s, in addition to those industry d ivisions shown separately.
3 Tra n sp o rta tion , com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum paym ents, converted to an equivalent time basis; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were a r b itr a rily chosen and do not n e ce ss a rily re fle c t the individual p rovisions for p rog ressio ns. F o r example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 y e a r s ' service include changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 yea rs.
Estim ates are cum ulative.
Thu s, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay or more
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years or se rvice .
7 F ig u re s shown also indicate the provisions after 30 years of se rvice .




20
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, o r pension benefits, 1 M ilw aukee, W is. , A p r il 1967)
O ffice w orkers

Plant w orkers
Type of benefit
A ll in d u s trie s 1
2

M anufacturing

100

100

100

93

94

100

59

66

49

92

95

85

Sickness and accident insurance________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)______________________

80

93

46

7

2

10

H ospitalization insurance________________
Surg ical insurance______________________
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e ______________________
Catastrophe insuran ce___________________
Retirem ent pension______________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan_____

97
97
87
51
80
1

A ll w o rk e rs_______________________________

Public utilities 3

A ll in d u strie s4

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

100

100

95

98

99

60

72

51

89

93

98

61

81

42

6

58

53

59

2

51

9

4

36

100
100
91
51
86

100
100
98
90
81

96
96
90
81
85
2

99
99
93
81
89

99
99
98
99
83
1

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
L ife in s u ra n c e __________________________
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance_____________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave o r both5
_____________________

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those leg ally req u ire d, such as w orkmen's com pensation, so c ia l se c u rity , and ra ilro a d retirem ent.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, re ta il trade, re a l estate, and se rv ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 T ra nsp o rta tion, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; r e ta il trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and se rv ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick leave plans are lim ited to those w hich definitely establish at least
the m inim um number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee.
Inform al sick leave allowances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.




21
Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents

(P ercent of plant and office workers in a ll industries and in industry d ivisions employed in establishm ents providing health insurance benefits
covering employees and their dependents, M ilw aukee, W is., A p r il 1967)
Plant w orkers

Office w orkers

Type of benefit, coverage, and financing 1
A ll industries 1
2

Manufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

A ll industries 4

Manufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

H osp ita liza tion insuran ce________________
C o verin g em ployees o n ly _____________
E m p lo y e r financed________________
Join tly financed___________________
Coverin g em ployees and their
dependents________________________
E m p lo y e r financed________________
Join tly financed___________________
E m p lo y e r financed fo r employees;
jointly financed for dependents____

97
14
10
4

100
7
5
2

100
-

99
7
5
1

99
-

-

96
9
7
2

84
43
28

93
48
28

100
41
38

87
36
31

93
58
23

99
32
35

14

17

21

20

12

31

S u rg ica l insuran ce______________________
Co verin g em ployees o n ly _____________
E m p lo y e r financed________________
Join tly financed_________ ________
C o verin g em ployees and their
dependents________________________
E m p lo y e r financed________________
Join tly financed____________ _____
E m p lo y e r financed fo r employees;
jointly financed fo r dependents____

97
14
10
4

100
7
5
2

100
-

96
9
7
2

99
7
5
1

99
-

84
43
28

93
48
28

100
41
38

87
36
31

93
58
23

99
32
35

14

17

21

20

12

31

M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e ______________________
Coverin g em ployees o n ly _____________
E m p lo y e r financed________________
Join tly financed___________________
Co verin g em ployees and their
dependents_______________ _______
Em p lo y e r financed________________
Join tly financed___________________
E m p lo y e r financed for employees;
jointly financed fo r dependents____

87
13
11
3

91
8
7
1

98

90
9
8
1

93
8
7
1

98

-

74
37
25

83
43
24

98
41
36

81
33
30

85
53
21

98
31
35

13

16

21

18

12

31

Catastrophe insuran ce__________
______
C o verin g em ployees o n ly _____________
E m p lo y e r financed_________ ______
Join tly financed___________________
Coverin g em ployees and their
dependents
_
_
_
_
Em p lo y e r financed________________
Join tly financed___________________
E m p lo y e r financed fo r employees;
jointly financed fo r dependents____

51
4
2
2

51
4
2
1

90
2

81
4

99
-

-

3

2

1

81
3
2
1

47
21
19

48
20
20

88
71

76
20

79
23

-

33

33

99
58
11

7

8

18

24

23

30

A ll w o rke rs__________________

___

_____

W orkers in, establishm ents providing:

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Includes plans for w hich at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer. See footnote 1, table B -6 . An establishm ent was considered as providing benefits to employees for their
dependents if such coverage was available to at least a m ajority of those employees one would usually expect to have dependents, e.g., m a rrie d men, even though they were less than a m ajority
of a ll plant or o ffice w o rke rs.
The em ployer bears the entire cost of "em ployer financed" plans.
The em ployer and employee share the cost of "jointly financed" plans.
2 Includes data fo r w holesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate, and se rvice s, in addition to those indu stry division s shown separately.
3 T ransp o rtation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and se rv ice s, in addition to those industry d ivisions shown separately.




22

Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e r s.

P r e m iu m pay p o lic y
A l l in d u s t r i e s

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

100

1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s

100

100

2
1

A ll i n d u s t r ie s

100

3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

D a i ly o v e r t i m e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y 4
at p r e m i u m r a t e s __________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f _______________________________
E ffe c t iv e a fte r :
7 h o u r s ______________________ _______________
O v e r 7 an d u n d e r 8 h o u r s _______________
8 h o u r s ------ -------------------------------------------------O v e r 8 h o u r s ______________________________
O t h e r p r e m iu m r a t e s _______________________

88

97

100

72

82

96

84

91

100

66

70

96

2

3
5
83

100

(5)
3
62

5
64

_
96

-

(5)

1

-

3
78
(5)

-

4

-

6

7

28

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g no
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 _________________________________

12

18

W e e k l y o v e r t i m e at p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s --------------------------------------------------T im e an d o n e - h a l f _______________________________
E ffe c t iv e a fte r :
35 h o u r s ____________________________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _________
40 h o u r s ____________________________________
44 h o u r s ____________________________________
O v e r 44 h o u r s _____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g no
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pay
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 _________________________________

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

2

3
(5)
91

3
4

-

1

-

92

100

(5)

1

-

-

1

-

-

2

2
96
(5)
-

3
2
95

_

_

-

100
-

-

-

(5)

1 Includes data for wholesale trade, re ta il trade, r e a l estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transp o rtation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; re ta il trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and se rv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Includes w orkers in establishm ents covered by legislative requirem ents regarding p rem ium pay for overtim e, even though such w orkers actually do not w ork o vertim e .
Graduated provisions
for prem ium pay are c la ssifie d under the fir s t effective p rem ium rate.
F o r exam ple, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours would be considered as time
and one-half after 8 hours. S im ila r ly , a plan calling for no pay or pay at a regular rate after 35 hours and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and o ne-half after 40 hours.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes w orkers in establishm ents exempt from legislative requirem ents regarding prem ium pay for overtim e and w here, as a m atter of p o lic y , o vertim e is not worked.




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau*s last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope of the supervisor's position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite title o f
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size of the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




23




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
25

26
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the superj/isor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

28

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responfiles, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, O X persons.
C)

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing*, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g . , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

29
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABU LATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting .and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30
PROFESSIONAL

DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

A ND

P O WE R P L A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

33

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

A ND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

34

O R D E R

F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G

A N D

R E C E IV IN G

C L E R K —

C o n tin u e d

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1Y2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le On R e q u e s t----The seventh annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t rate c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BLS Bulletin 15 35, N a t i o n al
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c al
50 cents a co p y .

Survey of P r o fe s s io n a l, A d ­
P a y , F e b r u a r y - M a r c h 19 6 6 .

ft

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -3 0 3 -5 9 7 /7




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1_____________________________
AibanyHSchenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Apr. 1967_________
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Apr. 1967___________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J.,
Feb. 1967___________________________________________
Atlanta, Ga., May 1967______________________________
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 1966 1__________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1967____
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1967 1______________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1________________________
Boston, Mass., Oct. 1966____________________________

1465-81,
1530-62,
1530-60,
1530-53,
1530-71,
1530-30,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1530-2,
1530-16,

Buffalo, N.Y., Dec. 1966 1____________________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1967 1__________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1967_____________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1967_______________________
Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 1967__________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1966 1________________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1967 1 ____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1967_______ ________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept.
19661_______________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1__________________________
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1966 1____________________________

1530-38,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1530-8,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1966 1______________-___________________________ 1530-19,
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1967______________________________ 1530-45,
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1966_____________________________ 1530-32,
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967________________________ 1530-44,
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1967 1
__________________________ - 1530-48,
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1966 1_______________________ 1530-28,
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 19661_______________________ 1530-5,
Greenville, S.C., May
1967________________________ 1530-66,
Houston, Tex., June 1966 1 __________________________ 1465-85,
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1966_________________________ 1530-37,
Jackson, Miss., Feb. 1967__________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1967 1_______________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1966__________________
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1966 1 ---------Lawrence—
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1____
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim-Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1967 1__________________
Louisville, Ky.-Ind., Feb. 1967 1
_____________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1967___________________________
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1______________________
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Jan. 1967____________________
Miami, Fla., Dec. 1966___________________ _______—
___
Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1 ______________

1 Data on
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area

30cents Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1967 1_________________________
25cents Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1_______-______
St.
20cents Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1967______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1967_____________
25cents New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967_________________________
25cents New Orleans, La., Feb. 1967 1________________________
30cents New York, N.Y., Apr. 1966 1 __________________________
20cents Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
30cents Hampton, Va., June 1966____________________________
25cents Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1966 1____________________
25cents
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1966________________________
30cents Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., May 1967___________
25cents Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1966 1___________________
20cents Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 1967____________________________
20cents Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1967 1----------------------------------------20cents Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966----------------------------------------30cents Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1966 1___________________
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— ass.,
M
30cents Providence—
25cents May 1967 1------------------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1966-------------------------------------------30 cents
30 cents
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1966____________________________
30cents Rockford, 111., May 1967______________________________
30 cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30 cents
30cents
25 cents
25 cents
30cents
25cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25 cents
25cents

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Bulletin number
and price
1530-76,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1530-41,
1530-51,
1465-82,

30cents
30 cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
40cents

1465-77,
1530-6,

20cents
25cents

1530-18,
1530-67,
1530-35,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25cents
25cents
35cents
20cents
30cents
20cents
25cents

1530-70,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1530-68,

30cents
20cents
25cents
20cents

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 1966 1________________________ 1530-27,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1_____________________ 1530-33,
San Antonio, Tex., June 1966_________________________ 1465-78,
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1966____________________________________________ 1530-14,
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1966 1________________________ 1530-24,
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1967 1___________ 1530-36,
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1966----------------------------------------- 1530-10,
Savannah, Ga., May 1967_____________________________ 1530-69,
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966___________________ ___________ 1530-3,
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Oct. 1966_____ -______________ 1530-22,

30cents
25cents
20cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1966________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1967__________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1966____________________________
Tampa— Petersburg, F la., Sept. 1966 1 ___________
St.
Toledo, Ohio-Mich., Feb. 1967 1______________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1966 1____________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Oct. 1966 1____________ _
_
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1967-------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1___________________________
Wichita, Kans., Oct. 1966 1-----------------------------------------Worcester, Mass., June 1966 1________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1967............................................................
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1966_________________

1530-12,
1530-57,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1530-50,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1530-54,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1530-47,
1530-29,

25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
25 cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents