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AREA W A G E SURVEY
M idland and Odessa, Texas, M etropolitan Areas,
January 1972
Bulletin 1775 41







Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a J an u ary 1973 s u r v e y o f occup ational
e a r n in g s in the M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x a s , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a s ( M id la n d and E c t o r C o u n tie s ). T h e s u r v e y was m a d e as p art of the Bureau
o f L a b o r S t a ti s ti c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d
to y i e l d data f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as na tio n al and r e g i o n a l
e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in the Unite d States, excluding
A l a s k a and H a w a i i , (as d e fin e d b y the U.S. O f f i c e of M a n a g e m e n t and Budget
through N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w ag e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , through
the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l and d i s trib u t io n o f w a g e s b y occupation, and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y oc c u p atio n al c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p ro gra m d e ­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , including w ag e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant
l o c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used b y the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r to m ak e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s
on in s id e bac k c o v e r . )
In eac h a r e a , oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w age b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y second y e a r in the past, is now ob ta ined e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le te d ,
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e th e r da ta fo r e a c h m e t ­
r o p o lit a n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e s eco n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a data.

T h e M id la n d and O d e s s a s u r v e y was con du ct ed b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in D a l l a s , T e x . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B oy d B. O ' N e a l , A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s . The s u r v e y cou ld not h a ve b een a c c o m p l i s h e d
without the c o o p e r a t i o n of the m a n y f i r m s wh os e w ag e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b ulletin.
T h e Bureau w is h e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

A R EA W A G E S U R V E Y

Bulletin 1775-41
A p r il 1 9 7 3

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATIS TIC S, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

M idland and Odessa, Texas, M etropolitan Areas, January 1972
CO NTENTS
Page

2

Introduction

T a b le s :
4

6
6
7
7
9

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r studied

A.
5

1.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A -2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A - 4 . M ain t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t oc c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 5. C u s to d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s

Appendix.




O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 35 cents domestic postpaid or 25 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

In tro d u c tio n
0 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take ac coun t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s am e job . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap pendix. U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s t r i e s com b ined .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the oc c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occupation
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) th er e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll
in d u s tr i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown.
L i k e w i s e , data a r e included
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
available.

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a lly . 1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y th ird
year.
In e ach o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u lle tin p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r ty pe s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
In M id la n d and
O d e s s a , h o w e v e r , data a r e i n c lu d e d f o r the c r u d e p e t r o l e u m and na tu ­
r a l gas ind u stries.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th ey tend to fu r n is h i n s u f f i ­
c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n s stu died to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i ­
s ion s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c ti o n bon u s es a r e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
cluded. W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the stan da rd w o r k w e e k (r ou n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d / o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th es e oc c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
pling p ro c e d u r e s in v o lve d eta iled s tr a tifica tio n of all establishm en ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s tr y and n u m b er
of em p loyees.
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e ach e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
s e l e c t i o n . T o obta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W h en data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un b ia se d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u it ab le su bstitu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l oc c u p atio n al
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch an ge s . T h e a v e r ­
ages f o r i n d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y ch an ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r exa m p le, p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p lo yed by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d b y ne w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in e m p l o y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in tab le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d i v i d u a l jo b s w ith in the
g ro u p s.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e oc c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c tu r i n g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
A v e r a g e earnings r e fle c t co m p o s ite , a re a w id e estim a tes. In­
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g , and
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, Ala. ; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
thus c o n trib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job . P a y a v e r ­
Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y .; and Utica—
Rome, N .Y .
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am ong job s in
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .




2

3
A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d i v i d u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s wh ich m a y c on trib u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a t e s p aid incum b ents a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tions used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the nu m b e r a c tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t obta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died s e r v e o n ly to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta nce o f the j o b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle tin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tion s, c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p as t, is now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e tab ulation s on
m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s
ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r this a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in M id la n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x .,
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish m ents in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll d ivision s ____________________________
M an ufacturin g..____________ _ _ _____ _____ _
_
Nonm anufacturing____________________________
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u t il it i e s 5____________________
W holesale trad e 6__________________________
R etail trad e 6 ______________________________
F in an ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s t a t e 6_____
S e r v ic e s 6 7___________________________ __ _
Crude petroleum and n atu ral g a s __________

Number of establish m en ts

W orkers in estab lish m en ts
Within scope of stu d y 4

Within scope
of study *

Studied

_

14 7

57

17,909

100

9.449

50
~

23
124

9
48

3,402
14,507

19
81

2, 107
7, 342

50
50
50
50
50
50

17
9
31
8
8
51

10
4
10
3
5
16

1,534
671
3, 560
1,066
658
7, 018

8
4
20
6
4
39

1,027
396
1,677
458
398
3 ,386

Number

P erce n t

Studied

1 The Midland and O d e ssa Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A r e a s , a s defined by the Office of M anagem ent and Budget through Novem ber 1971,
c o n sist of Midland and E c to r C ounties. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in th is table provide a reason ably accu rate descrip tion
of the siz e and com position of the lab or force included in the survey . The e stim a te s a re not intended, how ever, to se r v e a s a b a s is of com p arison
with other employm ent in dexes fo r the a re a to m ea su re employm ent tren d s or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage su rv ey s re q u ire s the u se of establish m en t
data com piled co n sid erably in advance of the p ay ro ll p eriod studied, and (2) sm a ll estab lish m en ts a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard In d ustrial C la ssific atio n Manual w as u sed in c la ssify in g estab lish m en ts by in dustry division.
3 Includes a ll estab lish m en ts with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a re a ) of com panies in such
in d u strie s a s tr a d e , fin ance, auto r e p a ir se r v ic e , and motion p ictu re th e ate rs a re con sid ered a s 1 establish m en t.
4 Includes a ll w o rk e rs in a ll estab lish m en ts with to tal employment (within the a re a ) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s. T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w ater tran sp ortation were excluded.
6 Th is industry division i s rep re se n ted in e stim a te s fo r " a ll in d u str ie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. S ep a ra te presentation of
data fo r this d ivision is not m ade for one or m ore of the following re a so n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivision i s too sm a ll to provide enough data to
m erit se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as not designed in itially to p erm it se p a rate p resen tation , (3) resp o n se w as in su fficien t or inadequate to p erm it
se p a ra te presen tation , and (4) th ere is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su r e of individual establish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o tels; lau n dries and other p e rso n al s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s; autom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and parking; motion p ictu re s; nonprofit
m em bersh ip organ ization s (excluding relig io u s and ch aritab le o rg an ization s); m d engineering and a rch ite ctu ra l s e r v ic e s.

In d u strial com position in m anufacturing
A lm ost tw o-fifths of the w ork ers within scope of the survey in the Midland and
O d essa a r e a s w ere em ployed in the crude petroleum and n atu ral g as in du stry, and about
one-fifth of the a r e a s ' employm ent w as in m anufacturing fir m s . The following p rese n ts the
m ajo r in dustry groups and sp ecific in d u strie s a s a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
S p e cific in d u strie s

Industry groups
P etroleum and coal produ cts—
C h em icals and allied
p rodu cts____________________
M achinery, except e le c t r ic a l—
F ab ric a te d m etal p rodu cts----Printing and p ublish ing--------Food and kindred p rodu cts----A p p arel and other textile
p rodu cts_____________________

24
22
21
8
7
6

P etroleu m refining____________ 24
P la s tic s m a te r ia ls and
syn th etics___________________ 18
Construction and related
m ach in e ry __________________ 15
N e w sp ap e rs__________________
7
M iscellan eous m achinery,
except e le ctrica l____________
6

5

Th is inform ation is based on e stim a te s of total employm ent derived from un iverse
m a te r ia ls com piled p rio r to actu al survey.
P rop ortion s in v a rio u s industry d ivision s m ay
d iffer from proportion s b a se d on the r e s u lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.

5

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Midland and Odessa, Tex., January 1973)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

MEN

ANO

WOMEN

(standard

Mean ^

Median i

Middle ranged

t

t

t

t

t

t

t

t

90

100

110

s
t
120 130

t
1*0

s
150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2*0

250

260

80

90

100

110

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2*0

250

260

270

13
1
12

13
8
5

7
2
5

*
2
2

*
1
3

7
*
3

21
5
16

2*
2*

2*
1
23

11

25

2*

5

6

6

2*

6

-

3
3

1*

-

11

1*

25

2*

5

6

6

2*

6

10

13

8
2
6
-

2
2

*

“

*

“

-

“

-

2
2

2
2

-

t

60
and
under

S

S

t

t

80

*

Average
weekly

s

t

70

70

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

COMBINED!

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- -------—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

2*1
27
21*

$
$
$
$
*0 .0 182.00 182.50 156.50-213.00
*0 .0 12*.50 120.00 107.00-150.00
*0 .0 189.50 195.00 163.00-215.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

107
18
89

*0 .0 106.50 10*.50
*0 .0
98.00 9 *. 00
*0 .0 108.00 106.50

88.50-123.00
82.00-109 .00
8 9 .5 0 -1 2 *.5 0

-

7
3
*

2*
*
20

15
3
12

18
5
13

12
1
11

-

-

10

13

•

*
*

6
6

*
*

11
11

-

-

-

*
*

5
5

-

-

8
7

2
1

2
2

-

-

-

“

-

-

22
20

2
l

2
2

-

1
1

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

B --------------------------------------

36
36

*0 .0 120.50 115.50
*0 .0 120.50 115.50

9 9 .0 0 -1 *8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 *8 .5 0

-

CLERKS,

C

------------------

68

*0 .0

7 * . 50

7 0 .0 0 - 82.50

18

2*

25

-

1

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

21
19

*0 .0 1*5.50 120.00 112.00-189.00
*0 .0 1*8.00 120.00 111.50-190.00

-

-

1

1

2
2

_

“

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

C L A S S A -----------------------------

*7
*0

*0 .0 110.00 112.00 100.00-117.50
*0 .0 1 1 1 . 0 0 112.00 105.00-117.50

_

-

5
*

7
*

8
8

KEYPUNCH

CLASS

FILE,

CLASS

76.50

“

-

-

_

.

-

.

*

*

*

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

12
12

12
11

11
11

4

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

.

_

_

B ---------

2*

*0 .0

89.00

83.00-109.00

-

3

11

3

2

5

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

21
18

*0 .0 103.50 1 0 * . 0 0
*0 .0 107.50 106.00

92.00-118 .00
9 *.5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

2

*

*

2
2

*
3

6
6

*
*

1
1

2
2

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

290
256
16

* 0 .0 1*6.50 138.50 117.50-169.50
*0 .0 1*8.00 137.00 117.50-173.50
*0 .0 1*6.00 139.00 131.50-168.00

.
-

-

3
3

12
10
*

30
28
1

*6
*1
2

26
2*
*

32
28
6

22
10
*

2*
21
1

25
23
4

8
7
-

19
19
2

4

*

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

5*
**

*0 .0 156.50 152.50 121.00-183.00
*0 .0 156.50 15*.50 119.50-200.00

2
2

2
2

8
8

7
6

2
1

*
“

9
8

i
“

5
*

2
2

_

1
*

4
*

2
2

-

-

-

5
5

-

“

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

103
85

*0 .0 1*6.50 1*5.00 116.50-170.00
*0 .0 150.00 155.00 116.50-183.00

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

12*
119

*0 .0 1*1.50 131.00 116.50-161.00
*0 .0 1*2.50 131.00 117.00-162.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

1*1
119

*0 .0 112.50 112.00 100.00-119.50
*0 .0 11*.00 112.50 100.00-120.00

“

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

108
10*

*0 .0 137.50 137.50 122.50-151.50
*0 .0 139.00 137.50 12*.50-1 52.50

-

OPERATORS,

93.00

-

.

-

“

1*
13

i*
10

3
2

13
10

5

9
7

15
1*

1
1

11
11

*
*

7
7

1
1

i
i

-

“

5
*

“

“

-

-

1*
13

23
22

16
16

1*
1*

12
10

6
6

7
7

2
2

6
6

-

2
2

-

~

6
6

-

-

8
8

-

”

5
*

_

*

3
3

-

-

-

*
*

3
3

29
27

26
21

*7
*0

12
8

10
10

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

5
2

1*
1*

*
*

16
15

27
27

1*
1*

9
9

5
5

12
12

2
2

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

*
*

2
2

2
2

“

16

*0 .0 116.00 116.50

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 *.0 0

-

-

2

3

2

5

2

33
30

*0 .5
*0 .5

93.50
99.00
93.50 100.50

75.00-109.50
70.00-111.00

8
8

-

6
6

*
1

8
8

3
3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

38
2*

*0 .0 115.00 112.50 95.50-138.00
39.5 128.00 129.00 118 .00-1*3.50

-

5
1

13
*

1

•

-

2
2

7
7

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

•33
2*

*0 .0
*0 .0

15
8

5
*

3
2

7
7

1
1

2
2

-

*
*

CLASS

A

See footnotes at end of tables.




86.00
89.50

82.50
87.50

73.50-102.00
75.50-103.50

-

-

------

OPERATORS,

4

.
”

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

SWITCHBOARD

4

-

-

-

-

6
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Midland and Odessa, T e x ., January 1973)
Weekly eam
ings
(standard)
Num
ber
of
w
orkere

Occupation and industry division

1

Number of worker s receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t

Average
weekly
(standard)

110
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

*

»

*

%

$

t

t

$

t

t

*

i

*

»

t

I

$

*

115

120

125

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

260

270

120

125

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

260

270

280

$
*
280 290

and
under
115

290

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
$

$

232
DRAFTSMCNi

class

28

c

136.50 132.00 126.50-157.00

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Midland and Odessa, Tex., January 1973)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Weekly

workers
(standard)

OFFICE
CLERKSt

OFFICE

LLtK n j f

OCCUPATIONS

ACCOUNTINGy

OCCUPATIONS

A t L U U n 1I N b «

-

CLASS

-

L L A jj

Average

Number
Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN
A

$
205.00
208.00

131

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
Number

of

Weekly

workers
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

Art

290

n

16

I
o
*n « U

.

I n n

*0 *0
1L L v

LLA j j

1
3

31

/.n n
An. n
* 0 *0

116.00
116.00

LLCKK5 f

r

1L t t

tL Aj j

L

68

60.0

standard)

76.50

03
a t t K c 1A K l c a f

ULAaa

U

60.0

93.00

▲A

s w it c h b o a r d

o p e r a t o r s

S W IT C H B O A R D

OPERATORS*

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

See footnote at end of tables.




$

*

c l a s s

a

CLASS

B

40*5

A

12*
119

AA
xn

A
n

l c n AA
i> U *U U

*0 0 4 1 50
60.0 142*50

O C C U P A T IO N S

*0 .0
N U N n A N U r A L 1U K I N b

®

119

U R a i 1 ^ h LI i t

wLA v a

A

-

MEN

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

-

S W IT C H B O A R D

60.0 166.50
168.00
60.0 166.00
An n
* 0 .0 156*50

**

t

Weekly

10B

_^

wLLKA j f

Number
of
workers

$

26

A

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

-

WCMEN
. ma

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

300

7

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Midland and Odessa, Tex., January 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

1

Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

2.00
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

t

*

2.202.AO

*

*

2.60

2.80

3.00 3.20

and
under

i

_

*

*

*

*

3.A0

3.60

3.80

A . 00 A . 20

_

_

_

_

_
3.60

2.20

2 . A0

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.A0

1

2

8

1

“

6

“

"

“

A
A

2
2

7
7

A
A

*

_

*

*

A.A0

*

A.60 A . 80

_

*

*

*

_

_

*

*

»

»

5.A0

5.00 5.20

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

_

_

_

_

_

A . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 . A0 5 . 6 0

_

'

_

3.80

A . 00

A . 20

A.A0

A . 60

5.80

6.00

5

1

1

3

2

“

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

27
27

_

_

1
*

9
9

-

-

-

3
3

-

*

“

-

6
6

2
2

3
3

A
A

2
2

15
15

6

3A
26
8
2

37
13
2A
A

12
12

18
4
1A
10

6.20

25
25
-

6.A0

-

11

6

2

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

MEN

29

$
5.63

$
5.89

$
5.20-

$
6.08

----------

2A

3.05

2.90

2.A7-

3.50

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ----------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
---------------------

72
71

3.77
3.76

3.82
3.81

3.A63.A5-

3.88
3.88

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

170
112
58
20

5.19
5.09
5.39
5.6A

5.25
5.09
5.28
5.65

5.01A . 695.205.38-

5.6A
5.6A
5.6A
5.70

ELECTRICIANS,
HELPERS,

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE

------------

TRADES

_

_

3
3

6

-

_

2

-

2
2

-

A

-

A
2

See footnotes at end of tables.

Table A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Midland and O dessa, Tex., January 1973)
Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of---

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

t
S
s
*
$
S
s
%
*
$
$
$
s
S
t
S
i
t
*
$
s
*
$
1.5 0 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.1 0 2.20 2.30 2 . A0 2.50 2.6 0 2.70 2.8 0 2.90 3.00 3.20 3 . A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0

1
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.2 0 2.30 2. A0 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.9 0 3.00 3.2 0 3. A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60

M
EN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

133
A0
93

$
2.19
2.00
2.27

$
1.89
1.8A
1.93

$
1 .7 21 .7 5 1 .6 9-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------

A5

2.16

1.79

1.7 A- 2.66

-

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/ 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

5A
5A

2.21
2.21

1.9A
1.9A

1 .8 6- 2.63
1 .8 6 - 2.63

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




$
2.3 A
2.35
2.35

6
6

23
3
20

20
15
5

19
7
12

16
16

5
3
2

27
-

-

-

-

-

25
25

7

7

8
8

6
6

2
2

9
6
3

-

2
2
-

7
1
6

-

-

1
-

2

1

1

A

3

-

-

-

5
5

A
A

-

5
3
2

1
1

-

-

*

12

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

“

12

2

-

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

-

8

Footnotes

1 S tan d ard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s.
T h e m e d ia n
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown,
T h e m id d l e
r a n g e is d e fi n e d b y Z r a t e s o f p ay ; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r ra te .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h if ts .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p rim ary purpose of preparing job d escrip tion s for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this errnhasis on
interestablishm ent and in terarea com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job d escrip tion s m ay d iffer significantly from thost n use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p urp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u re au 's field econom ists are istructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a r n e r s; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
B IL L E R , MACHINE

C L E R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a m achine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping ch arges or perform other
c le ric a l work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
c la ssifie d by type of m achine, a s follows:

P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general supervision, p erform s accounting cle ric al operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, c le rically processin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and cla ssific a tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ss is te d by one or m ore
c la s s B accounting cle rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision , following detailed instructions and standardized p ro ­
cedu res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting cle ric al operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, ca rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.

B ille r , machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are bills and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally p rep ared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determ ined discounts and shipping ch arges and entry of n ece ssa ry extension s, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
p rep ared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' b ills a s part of the accounts receivable o p e ra­
tion. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of figu res on cu sto m ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of v ertical columns and com putes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and cred it slip s.

C LER K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m aterial in an established filing system . May perform
cle ric al and m anual task s required to m aintain files. P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m ate rial such as correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file cle rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and file s un classified m ate rial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-r e fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in file s and fo r­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to maintain and serv ice file s.
C la ss C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m aterial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l classificatio n system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requested, locates readily available m ate rial in files and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple cle ric al and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice file s.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A . Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. Determ ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under b iller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control’ etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting departm ent.

C LE R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or person ally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting o r ie ls to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the ord er; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled. May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from cu stom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of ord e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.

C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to re g is te rs and led g ers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accu racy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .

C LER K , PAYROLL

The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractice s and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and p roced ures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such a s w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for in su ran ce, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a s s is t pay m aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter o p e rato rs.

9

10
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and /or num eric data on
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

NOTE: The term "corp orate officer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe rs to
those o fficials who have a significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctiv ities. The title "vice p r e sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice p resid en ts whose p rim ary respon sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; directly su p erv ise a c le r ic a l staff) are not considered to be
"co rp o rate o ffic e r s" for p urposes of applying the following level d efinition s.

P osition s a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a v ariety of so urce docum ents. On o ccasign m ay also perform som e routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p e rato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under clo se supervision or following specific
p roced ures or in structio n s, works from v ario u s stan dardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows sp ecified p ro ced u res which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or in terpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p e rv iso r
problem s a risin g from erron eous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s v ariou s routine duties such a s running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le r ic a l work.
Exclude positions that requ ire operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.

ClassA
1. S ecre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or presid en t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or *
1
2. S e cre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S e cre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su b sid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s B
1. S ecre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or presiden t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate o fficer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or

A ssigned a s p erso n al se c r e ta r y , n orm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
resp on sive relation sh ip to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fairly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st of the follow ing:

3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, re se a rc h , operations, industrial r e la ­
tion s, etc.) ^ r a m ajo r geographic or organizational segm ent (e .g ., a regional h eadquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em p loy ees; or
4. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or

a. R eceives telephone c a lls , p erso n al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, an sw ers routine
in q u ires, and routes technical in q u iries to the proper p erson s;

5. S ecre ta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving a s many a s sev e ral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.

SEC RETA R Y

b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r 's files;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r 's calen dar and m akes appointments a s in structed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r 's signature to a ss u r e p roced ural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and se c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and p roced ures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
E xclu sions
Not all positions that are titled " s e c r e ta r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. E xam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are a s follow s:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n a l" se c re ta ry concept d escribed above;

b.

Sten ographers not fully train ed in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Sten ographers servin g a s office a ss is ta n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an agerial p erso n s;
d. S e c re ta ry positions in which the duties a re either substan tially m ore routine or
substan tially m ore com plex and resp on sible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult o r m ore resp on sible tech­
n ical, ad m in istrativ e, su p e rv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le r ic a l duties which are not typical of
se c r e ta r ia l work.




C la ss C
1. S e cre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a s t sev e ral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S e cre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p e rv iso r or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erso n s); c>r
2. S ecre ta ry to a nonsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p ro fe ssio n al em ployee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, sk illed technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assig n
sten ograp h ers, rath er than se c r e ta r ie s a s d escribed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
n onsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice record in gs (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in g s, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c re ta ry in that a se c re ta ry norm ally
works, in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and p erform s m ore
resp on sible and d iscretion ary ta sk s as d escribed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple r e c o rd s,
or perform other relatively routine c le ric a l ta sk s.

11
STENOGRAPHER—Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or rep o rts on scien tific rese arc h . May also set up and maintain file s, keep reco rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g reater independence and resp on ­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work req u ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure; and of the specific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such as maintaining followup file s; assem blin g m ate rial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs; com posing sim ple le tters from general instruction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A. O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls , such a s conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls , either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard op erator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ( "F u ll" telephone information serv ice occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la s s B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information serv ice
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
inform ation p u rp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
sp ecific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c alls are referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard op erators in telephone com panies who
a s s i s t cu sto m ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts a s receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine cle ric al work a s part of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajor part of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard.
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic A ccounting M achine O p era to r)

O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calcu lator, collator, in ter­
p rete r, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
A lso excluded are op erators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay a lso operate
EAM equipment.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la s s A. P erfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iag ram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ction s. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g rep orts or p arts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or ele ctrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C o p e rato rs. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C . Under sp ecific in struction s, op erates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran sc rib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May a lso type from written copy and do sim ple cle ric al work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal brie fs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m ate rials or to m ake out bills after ca lcu la ­
tions have been made by another person . May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p ro c e s s e s . May do cle ric al work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m ate rial from sev eral so u rces; or respon sibility for co rrect spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte r s, varying d etails to suit circu m stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and o p erates the control console of a digital computer to p ro c e ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, c a rd s, etc.); sw itches n e c e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta r ts
and o p erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to com puter to co rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ec ia l conditions; review s e rr o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p e rv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating re c o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
p rogram .
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents a re of c ritic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often req u ires a
working knowledge of the total p ro gram , and alternate p ro g ram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.
C la ss B. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: M ost of the p ro g ram s a re established
production run s, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; altern ate p ro g ram s a re provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rr o r situ a­
tions, diagn oses cause and tak es corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p ro g ram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the c h a ra c te ristic s d escribed for c la s s A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assig n ed , and perform ing difficult ta sk s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p ro g ram s under clo se supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. Usually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by autom atic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d iag ram s, the p rog ram er develops the p re c ise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

12
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS—Continued
of data to achieve d esired re su lts. Work involves m o st of the following: A pplies knowledge of
com puter ca p a b ilities, m ath em atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze ch arts and d iag ram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show o rder in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for machine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rogram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; an alyzes, review s, and a lters
p ro gram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d a s sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp o n sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
and /or engineering p ro blem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all ph ases of program ing concepts and p ra c tic e s. Working from d ia ­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relation sh ips between v ariou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between o p eratio n s, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m ers who a re assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B .' Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re readily av ailable. While numerous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T ypically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fairly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C . M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learn ed in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required pro ced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes su bject-m atter operations to be autom ated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry resu lts; sp ecifies number and types of re c o rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in trial runs of
new and rev ised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or sy stem s an alysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s analysts are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all ph ases of sy stem s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iverse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost an a ly sis, and sa le s a n aly sis record in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the : ull system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confe
with person s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su b ject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or revised system s of data p ro cessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor sy stem s in stallation s or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s analysts who are assigned to
a s s is t .
C la ss B. Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (For exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with person s concerned to determine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su b ject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, compliance with in­
stru ction s, and to in sure proper alinem ent with the overall system .
C la s s C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses a s assigned , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for sy stem s an aly sis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p ro g ra m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that d iffer significantly from establish ed drafting p receden ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relation sh ips of com ­
ponents and p a rts. Works with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the app li­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties topically in ­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b asse m b lie s with irre g u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between com ponents; p rep a re s a rc h i­
tectu ral draw ings for construction of a building including detail draw ings of foundations, v/all
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load c a p a citie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, o r rep air p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale ) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates d etails from a number of so u rces
and adju sts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls a re given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assign m en ts recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straigh t lines and a la rge scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized ite m s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electronic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, in stallin g, rep airin g, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following ta sk s: A ssem blin g, testing, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and req u ires a knowledge of the theory and p ractice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electronic te st equipment; trouble an aly sis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electron ic sy ste m s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p arts.

13
ELECTR O N IC S TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

E lectro n ic equipment or sy stem s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio com munications sy ste m s, relay sy ste m s, navigation aid s;
airborn e or ground rad a r sy stem s; radio and television tran sm ittin g or recording sy ste m s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp ace craft guidance and control sy stem s; in du strial and m edical
m easu rin g , indicating and controlling d ev ices; etc.

A reg iste re d n urse who gives nursing serv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in ju ries; keeping record s
of patients treated ; preparing accident rep orts for com pensation or other p urposes; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p ro g ram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rse s in establish m ents employing m ore than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le r s and t e s t e r s , craftsm en , draftsm en, d esig n e rs, engin eers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving s e t s .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CA R PEN TER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n e c e ssa ry to construct and m aintain in good rep a ir build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s, counters, benches, p artition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of c a rp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak ­
ing standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m a te ria ls n e c e ssa ry
for the work. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance carpenter req u ires rounded train in g and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTR ICIA N , MAINTENANCE

P rod uces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making rep a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's
handtools and p recision m easurin g in strum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dim en­
sion s of work, tooling, fe e d s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working p ro p e rtie s of
the common m e ta ls; selectin g standard m a te r ia ls, p a rts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the m ach in ist's work
n orm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P e rfo rm s a v ariety of e le ctric a l trad e functions such a s the in stallation, m aintenance, or
re p a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such as ge n e rato rs, tra n sfo r m e r s, sw itchboards, co n tro llers, circuit b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In general, the work of the m aintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay a lso su p erv ise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echanical or e le ctric a l) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such a s steam engines, air c o m p re sso rs, g e n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and b o iler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a ir s; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem p eratu re, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p e rv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer a re excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BO ILER
F ir e s stationary bo ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or o p erates a m echanical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety v a lv es. May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled m aintenance tra d e s, by perform ing sp ecific
or gen eral duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
to o ls; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trad e to trad e : In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying,, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trad e that are a lso
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e cialize s in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylind rical or surface g rin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recisio n m easu rin g in strum ents; selectin g feeds,
sp ee d s, tooling, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve req u isite to leran ces or d im e n sijn s. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re s s to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this classificatio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R ep airs autom obiles, b u se s, m otortruck s, and tr a c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in ­
volves most_of_the_following: Exam ining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem blin g equipment and perform ing r e p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem b lin g or fitting p a r ts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es; reassem b lin g and installing the various
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and m aking n e c e ssa r y adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body b olts. In gen eral, the work of the automotive m echanic req u ires
rounded train in g and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This c la ssifica tio n does not include m echanics who rep air c u sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile re p a ir shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of lie following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or p artly dism antling m achines and perform ing re p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p a rts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a m achine shop or sending of the
m achine to a m achine shop for m ajor r e p a ir s; preparing written sp ecification s for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa r y adjustm ents for operation. In gen eral, the work of a m aintenance m echanic req u ires
rounded train in g and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this c la ssifica tio n are w ork ers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism an tles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relatin g to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and (pnaintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such a s d rives and speed red u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw righ t's work norm ally req u ires
a rounded training and experience in the trad e acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu lia ritie s and types of paint required for different ap p lica­
tion s; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

14
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

holes and in te r stic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem b lin g ; and in stalling sheet-m etal a rticle s
as required. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls or re p a irs w ater, stea m , g a s , or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easurin g to locate
position of pipe from draw ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
co rrec t lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to h an gers; m aking standard shop com putations relatin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In ge n e ral, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy stem s are excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good re p a ir the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s m achine g u ard s, g r e a se pans, sh e lv es, lo c k e rs, tan k s, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C on structs and r e p a irs m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; m aking n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eed s, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; h eat-treatin g of m etal p arts during fabrication
a s well as of finished tools and d ies to achieve requ ired qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d to le ran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In gen eral, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F or c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this c la ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, m aintaining ord er,
using a rm s or force where n e c e ssa r y . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p r e m ise s p erio d ically in protecting p roperty again st fir e ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an o rd erly condition factory working a re a s and w ash room s, or
p re m ise s of an o ffice, apartm ent house, or co m m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, tra sh , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu re s or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance se r v ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO RER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
A w orker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading v ariou s m a te r ia ls and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru c k s, or other tran sportin g d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te r ia ls or m erchandise in proper sto rag e location; and tran sportin g m a te ria ls or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tr a n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with sp ecificatio n s on s a le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o r d e r s, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or sto rag e by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e r s, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of v ariou s item s of stock in o rd er to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting en clo su res in container; using e x ce lsio r o r other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying lab e ls or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c ra te s a re excluded.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLER K
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is resp on sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te r ia ls. Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping p ro ­
ce d u re s, p r a c tic e s, routes, available m ean s of tran sp ortation , and r a te s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, m aking up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arg e s, and keeping
a file of shipping r e c o rd s. May d ire ct or a s s i s t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rre c tn e ss of shipments
again st b ills of lading, in voices, or other re c o rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m a te ria ls to proper departm ents; and m aintaining n e c e ssa ry
reco rd s and file s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w ork ers are c la ss ifie d a s follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in du strial a re a to tran sp o rt m a te r ia ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or m en between variou s types of establish m ents such a s : M anufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehou ses, w holesale and r e ta il establish m en ts, or between reta il establishm ents and
c u sto m ers' houses or p laces of bu sin e ss. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep tru ck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
over-th e-road d riv e rs a re excluded.
follow s:

F o r wage study p u rp o se s, tru ck d riv e rs are c la ssifie d by siz e and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruck d river
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ru ck d river,

(combination of s iz e s liste d sep arately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (lVz to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRU CKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or trac to r to tran sp ort
goods and m a te ria ls of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers a re c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n R e q u es t----T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a re s u rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C on tract A c t o f 1965.
w i l l be a v a ila b le at no cost w h ile supplies la s t fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o — a s C ru c e s , N . M ex.
L
A la s ka
A lb a n y, Ga.
A m a r illo , T e x .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
Augusta, Ga.— C.
S.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B rid g e p o rt, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C ed ar R a p id s, Iowa
Cham paign—U rb an a, 111.
C h arleston , S.C.
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C olora d o S p rin gs, C olo.
C olu m b ia, S.C .
Colum bus, G a—A la .
Corpus C h r is ti, T e x .
C ran e, Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p erior , M inn.—W is .
S
E l Paso, T ex.
E ugene— p rin g fie ld , O reg .
S
F a rg o — o o rh ea d , N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
F a y e tt e v ille , N. C.
F itch b u rg — e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
L
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d .—P a.—W. Va.
H
F re s n o , C a lif.
Grand F o r k s , N. Dak.
Grand Island— astin gs , N e b r.
H
G ree n b o ro — inston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r ris b u r g , Pa.
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

C op ies o f public r e le a s e s a r e or

Lared o, T ex.
Las V ega s, N ev.
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d —V a.
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E scanaba, Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ic h .
M elb o u rn e— it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la .
T
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean, and S o m e rs e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N o rth e a s te rn M aine
N o rw ic h —G roton— ew London, Conn.
N
Ogden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
O xnard— im i V a lle y —V en tu ra, C a lif.
S
Panam a C ity , F la .
P o rts m o u th , N .H .— a in e— a s s .
M
M
P u e b lo, C olo.
R en o, N ev .
S a cra m en to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Sherm an—D enison , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, L a .
S p rin g fie ld —C h icop ee— o ly o k e , M ass —Conn.
H
T op ek a, Kans.
T u cson , A r iz .
V a lle jo —F a ir fie ld — a p a , C a lif.
N
W ilm in g to n , D e l—N .J.—M d.
Yum a, A r iz .

R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g s u rvey s conducted in the p r io r y e a r but since discontin ued a re a ls o a v a ila b le :
A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity, M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u stin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith, A r k —Okla.
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
*

Expanded to an a re a w age s u rve y in f is c a l y e a r

1973.

L e x in gto n , K y . *
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
See in sid e back c o v e r .

The tw e lfth annual r e p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , job a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y ers , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d ra ftsm e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O rd e r as B LS B u lletin 1742, N ation a l S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a cop y, fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back cover", or fro m tKe
Superintendent o f Docum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.




★ U. S. G O V IU N M I N T P R IN T IN G O FFIC E:

1171 - 7 M

— I 90l 74




.

i

■

A re a W a g e Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u e st o f the E m p lo ym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purch ased fro m any o f the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , or fro m the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972---------------------------------------------A lb an y—
Sch en ectady— r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------T
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1972 1______________________
A lle n to w n — ethlehem —E aston , P a .— .J ., M ay 1972 1 __
B
N
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1972 1___________________________________
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1 (to be su rveyed )
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r—O ran ge, T e x ., M a y 1972______
P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972_____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 19721____________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 19721_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1______________________________
Canton, O hio, M a y 1972 1__________________________________
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., M a r. 1972 1 -------------------------------C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 1973----------------------------------------C hattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1972 1------------------------C h icago, 111., June 1972---------------------------------------------C in cin n ati, Ohio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1972------------------------K
C lev e la n d , Ohio, Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------C olum bus, O hio, Oct. 1972 1______________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1------------------------------------------D aven p ort— ock Island— o lin e, Iowa—111., F eb . 1972 1—
R
M
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1972___________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972------ ---- _-----------------------------D es M o in es , Iowa, M ay 1972 1 ----------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., Feb. 1972_________ _— ______---------------D urham , N .C ., A p r. 1972 1----------------------------------------F o r t L a u d erd a le— olly w o od and W est P a lm
H
B each . F la ., A p r. 19721_________________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x ., Oct. 1972 1------------------------------------G re e n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1-------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972--------------------------------------H ouston, T e x ., A p r. 1972------------------------------------------H u n ts ville , A la ., Feb. 1972 1 _____________________________
Indian apolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1_____________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972-----------------------------------K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972--------------------------L a w re n c e — a v e rh ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972 1-----------H
L exin gto n , K y ., N ov. 1972 1---------------------------------------L ittle Rock— orth L ittle Rock, A r k ., July 1972 1-------N
L o s A n g e le s —Long B each and Anaheim —
Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 19721______________________
L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N ov. 1972___________________________
Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1---------------------------------------M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1----------------------------------M em p h is, Tenn.—A r k . , N ov. 1972------------------------------M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1972 1__________________________________
M id lan d and O d essa, T e x ., Jan. 1973____________________

B u lle tin number
and p ric e
1775-36,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
45cents

1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

75cents
30cents
45cents
30cents
50cents
75cents
65cents
50cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
55cents
70cents
35cents
75cents
55cents
75cents
35cents
40cents
40 cents
35cents
40 cents
30cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1775-27,
1725-38,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35cents
50cents
55cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
55cents
30cents
40cents
50cents
35cents
50cents
55cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75cents
40cents
35cents
55cents
40cents
55cents
35cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., M ay 1972 1______________________________
M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, M inn., Jan. 1972 1 ________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1972 1 -------M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1 -----------------N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1------------------------------------N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1972______________________________
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 1972*_______________________________
N o r fo lk — ir g in ia B each— o rts m o u th and
V
P
N ew p o rt N ew s—Ham pton, V a . , Jan. 1972-------------------O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972__________________________
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1972___________________________
P a te r son— lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 1 --------------C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1971 1 _____________________
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1________________________________
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1972-----------------------------------------P o r tla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1972_______________________________
P o r tla n d , O re g .—W ash., M ay 1972 1 ----------------------------P ou gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew bu rgh, N . Y . ,
N
June 1972 1 __________________________________________________
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k — aw tu ck et, R .I.—M a s s .,
W
P
M ay 1972____________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972___________________________________
Richm ond, V a . , M a r. 1972 1 _______________________________
R iv e r side—
San B ern a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O
D ec. 1971____________________________________________________
R o c h e s te r, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations on ly), July 1972___
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1972 1 _________________________________
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r. 1972_____________________________
Salt Lake C ity , Utah, N ov. 1972 1-------------------------------San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972______________________________
San D ie go , C a lif., N ov. 1972_______________________________
San Fran cisccr-O ak land , C a lif., O ct. 1971 1 _____________
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1972----------------------------------------Savannah, G a ., M ay 1972 1 -----------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1972____________________________________
Seattle— v e r e tt, W ash ., Jan. 1972________________________
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., D ec. 1971____________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ay 1972 1 --------------------------------------Spokane, W ash., June 1972 1---------------------------------------S y racu se, N .Y ., July 1972_________________________________
Tam pa^St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972__________________
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., A p r. 1972 1 --------------------------------M
T re n ton , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1_________________________________
Utica—R om e, N .Y ., July 1972----------------------------------- --W ashington, D .C.—Md.—V a ., M a r. 1972 1 _________________
W a te rb u ry, C onn., M a r. 1972 1 ____________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1972_________________________________
W ich ita, K a n s ., A p r. 1972 1________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1_____________________________
Y o r k , P a .. Feb. 1972 1 _____________________________________
Youngstown— a rre n , Ohio, N ov. 1972____________________
W

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45 cents
50cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
50cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

30cents
45cents
40 cents
40cents
50cents
55cents
40cents
40cents
35cents

1725-80,

35cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30cents
45cents
35cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1775-19,

30cents
45cents
35cents
35cents
cents
30cents
40cents
50cents
30cents
35cents
cents
30cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
cents
45cents
35cents
cents
45cents
cents
cents
cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
40cents

50

45

45

55
70
35
40

F IR S T

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

M A IL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, DC. 20212
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
L A B -44 1

B U R E A U OF L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R EG ION A L OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wanker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region V
I
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada