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P u b lic

L ib r a r y

APR 2 8 ia/'l
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e M iam i, Florida, M etro p o litan A rea,
N ovem b er 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 -2 9
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

OF LABO R

STAT IST IC S

REGION AL O FFIC E S

New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




U.S. D EPA RTM EN T OF LABO R




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e M iam i, Florida, M etropolitan A re a ,
N ovem ber 1970

B u lletin 1 6 8 5 - 2 9
March 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 40 cents




C ontents

P reface

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a by s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
of th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

At the end of e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n of a l l
of th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a ro u n d of s u r v e y s , two
s u m m a r y b ulletin s a r e is s u e d .
The f ir s t b r in g s data for
e a c h of the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d into one b u l l e ti n .
Th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h i c r e g i o n s an d the U n ite d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v is io n s biennially.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
M i a m i , F l a . , in N o v e m b e r 1970.
The Standard M e tro ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d by th e B u r e a u of the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of D a d e C oun ty.
T h i s stu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d by the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f ic e
in A t l a n t a , G a . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of D o n ald M .
C r u se , A ssista n t R egional D ir e c to r for O p eration s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _____________________________________________________
I n d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________

6

O ccu p ation al e a rn in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and
m
w o m e n ___________________________________
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ---------------

11
12
13

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tran c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en office
w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B-2.
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ------------------------------------------------B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________ . ____________
B-6.
H e a l th , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p l a n s _____________________

15
16
17
18
19
22

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

for other

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the M i a m i a r e a a r e a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r au to d e a l e r r e p a i r s h o p s (A u g u s t 1969);
b an k in g ( N o v e m b e r 1969); and h o s p i t a l s ( M a r c h 1969).
Union s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b u ild in g t r a d e s .

iii

4

7
10

25




Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w hich the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in du stry gro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ies a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th e y ten d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s data exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f ' h o u r ) f o r w hich e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h av e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s of i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
Th e
a v e r a g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d
by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s an d be r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Su c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s of o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , shown in t a b le
2 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s of w a g e t r e n d s than in d i v i d u a l j o b s within
the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o lv e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e than of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b i n in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w the m i n i m u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s
Th e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e of the
f o llo w in g t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
Th e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix . Th e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o llow in g
the job t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
of the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
within o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (l) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r ( 2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta . E a r n i n g s d a t a not shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not shown
or i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a i l a b l e .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle ct co m p o site, areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f f i n g and, t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h job.
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n an d w o m e n in an y of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s sh o u ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s within
individual e s ta b lis h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e only the a c t u a l
r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e r f o r m e d , alth o ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y within
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e
u s e d in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and allo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

1 In clu d ed in the 90 areas are four studies c o n d u cte d under co n tr a c t w ith the N ew Y ork State
D epa rtm ent o f Labor. T h ese areas are B ingham ton (N ew Y ork p ortion o n ly ); R o c h e ste r ( o f f i c e o c c u ­
pations o n ly ); S yra cuse; and U tica —R o m e . In a d d itio n , the Bureau con d u cts m ore lim it e d area -todies
in 77 areas at the request oi the W a ge and H our D iv is io n o f the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f Labor.




O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s within the s c o p e of the stu d y and not the n u m b e r
actually survey ed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
1

2

am o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s io n s a s they
r e l a t e to p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a t a f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t il i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e j i g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
tio n s.
" O ff ic e w o r k e r s " in clu de w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l or re la te d fu n ction s.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (tab le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i li t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e _r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , t h e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f ( 1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d ( 2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t th e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to. a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p / i n g to
a l l o f th e p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch eduled
w ee k ly h o u r s a r e th o se w hich a m a j o r i t y of f u ll- t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
o v ertim e ra te s.
P a i d h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su r a n c e , and
p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
th e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f
2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it ( l )h a d operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




a m a jo r i t y of su c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r
th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h
B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls b e c a u s e of ro u n ding .
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ay s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The first
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w hole and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a ca tio n p r o v is io n s .
It i s n ot i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r t h a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's pay.
O nly b a s i c p l a n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E stim ates
e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s an d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and t h o s e w hich
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s w ith
q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . S u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
clu d e th o se p la n s f o r w h ich the e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t. S u c h p la n s in clu d e th o s e u n d e rw r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n if
the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o be c o v e r e d u n d e r the p l a n ,
e v e n i f l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f t h e p l a n .
L egally
re q u ir e d p la n s, su ch a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e c u rity ,
and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to t h a t t y p e o f
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y I n s u r a n c e l a w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s ,
plan s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r ( 2 ) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d th e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
3
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.

3

l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w hich p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of the
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to ( l ) p l a n s w hich p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and ( 2 ) p l a n s w hich p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n of the p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l ic a t e d t o t a l i s shown of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r both t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .
4
A n esta blish m en t w as co n s id e re d as h a v in g a fo r m a l p la n i f it esta blish ed at lea st
m in im u m n um ber o f days o f sick le a v e a v a ila b le to e a ch e m p lo y e e .
Such a pla n n e e d n ot b e
w ritten , but in form a l sick le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l basis, w ere e x clu d e d .




M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y in volvin g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e of b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g i c a l p l a n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p l e t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D ental in su ran ce u su a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p l a n s which
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d er­
w r i t t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f it o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o r th e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out of a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
T a b u l a t i o n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
the t h is p u r p o s e .
t h o s e p l a n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the
w o r k e r ' s life .

4

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M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

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A l l d i v i s i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------

_

1, 147

207

2 1 0 ,7 5 5

100

1 4 0 , 3 74

3 2 ,9 2 4

1 0 3 ,1 7 7

M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 --------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----— -------------- ----------------- ----R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e - - ____
S e r v i c e s 8 — ----- --------------------------------------------------

50
-

387
760

58
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1 6 2 ,8 2 0

23
77

3 8 , 765
1 0 1 ,6 0 9

3 ,8 0 3
2 9 , 121

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8 9 ,2 8 3

50
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50
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98
254
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204

28
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43
20
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4 4 ,7 6 0

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4 , 844

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(6 )

(6 )
(fc)

1 T h e M i a m i S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f D a d e C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s
s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a
b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t io n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e t h e m in i m u m li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , ,
a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4

In clu d e s

execu tive,

p ro fe ssio n a l,

and

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exclu ded

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categories.

5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n
w ere
e x c l u d e d . M i a m i 's t r a n s i t
s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly
a n d is e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n ot m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s not
d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t da£a.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s ,
but fr o m
th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s
(e x c l u d i n g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O n e - f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in th e M i a m i a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l lo w i n g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r i n g
In d u s try g ro u p s
A p p a r e l and o th e r t e x tile
p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------------- 20
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t -----------13
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s --------12
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s --------12
P r i n t in g a n d p u b l is h i n g __________ 6
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ----------------- 5

S p e c ific in d u s t r ie s
W o m e n 's a n d m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r ---------------------------------------13
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ------------------------ 8
F a b r ic a te d s tr u ctu ra l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s -------------8
S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g and
r e p a i r i n g -------------------------------------- 5
H o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e --------------------- 4
N e w s p a p e r s ________________________ 4

T h is in f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

op era ted

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s
t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to t h e d a t e o f
th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e en the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
A nnual r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h ere
show n, r e f l e c t the a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w hen the t im e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d on t h e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e a r e a .

s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in d ex.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu siv e of e a rn in g s fo r o v ertim e.
F o r p lan t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s , exclu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f t h e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
ch a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by:
( 1 ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , ( 2 ) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d by in d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n the s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s i n the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that ev e n though a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w ag e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
-Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lish m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (m en and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

The
p lie d by the
i n th e g r o u p
w ere related
g a te fo r the

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die^makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su c h , o r by p r e m iu m pay
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
t h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e an y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r e a c h occu p a tio n w ere m u lt i­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d t h e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
w ere totaled .
The a g g r e g a te s for 2 c o n secu tiv e y e a r s
b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a rlie r y ear.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5

6




T a b le

2.

Indexes

of

standard

w eek ly

sa la ries

and

stra ig h t-tim e

hou rly

ea rn in gs

for

selected

occu p a tion a l

groups

in

M i a m i , F la., N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 a n d N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
A l l in d u s t r ie s
O ffic e
cle rica l
(m e n and
w om en )

P e rio d

I n d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en )

M a n u fa ctu rin g

S k ille d
m a in te n a n ce
tra d es
(m en )

U n sk ille d
plant
w ork ers
(m en )

O ffic e
cle rica l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u s tria l
nurses
(m e n and
w om en )

S k ille d
m a in te n a n ce
tr a d e s
(m en)

U n s k ille d
pla n t
w ork ers
(m en)

In d e x e s (D e c e m b e r 1967=100)
N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------------------------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------

126.0
114.9

143.8
125.0

131.3
117.2

129.0
117.5

123.9
112.2

(*)
(*)

128.4
116.5

130.4
115.3

(*)
t 1)

160.3
124.8

156.8
120.3

I n d e x e s (D e c e m b e r 1960=100)
N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------------------------D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 7 ______________________________________

158.7
125.9

204 .5
142.3

171.2
130.4

155.3
120 .4

157.8
127.4

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
N o v e m b e r 1969 t o N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 ----------------------D e c e m b e r 1968 t o N o v e m b e r 1969:
1 1 -m o n th i n c r e a s e ______________________________
A n nual r a te o f i n c r e a s e ------------------------------------

9 .7

15.0

12.0

9 .8

10.4

( ')

10.2

13.1

7.8
8.5

11.5
12.6

10.8
11.8

8.9
9 .7

6 .9
7 .6

(*)
(*)

12.7
13.9

8 .9
9 .7

D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem b er
D ecem ber
D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber

6 .6
4.1
3.7
3.7
3.1
3.6
2 .5
2 .8
2 .9

12.1
9 .6
7 .4
4 .7
3.8
6 .3
1.7
3.0
5 .0

5 .8
4.1
5.7
5 .6
2 .0
5.1
1.8
2 .8
1.8

7.9
4 .5
4 .8
.4
2 .9
1.6
1.7
3 .0
3.5

5 .0
5 .7
4 .0
4 .2
4 .8
3.5
1.1
1.4
4.1

(M
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
t 1)
(‘ )
(*)
(‘ )

3.4
5 .9
3.9
4 .5
1.0
3.9
1.3
2.0
3.6

5 .9
4 .8
3 .4
2.9
4 .0
2 .2
1.1
.4
5 .6

1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I9 6 0
1959

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem b er
D ecem b er

1 9 6 8 ----------------------1 9 6 7 ----------------------1 9 6 6 ----------------------1 9 6 5 ----------------------1 9 6 4 ----------------------1 9 6 3 ----------------------1 9 6 2 ----------------------1 9 6 1 ----------------------I 9 6 0 -----------------------

1 D ata d o not m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

NOTE:
P r e v io u s ly p u b lis h e d in d e x e s fo r the M ia m i a r e a u s e d D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 as the b a s e p e r io d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d t o the new b a s e p e r io d b y d iv id in g th em b y the c o r r e s p o n d i n g in d e x n u m b e rs fo r
D e c e m b e r 1967 on the D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 b a s e p e r io d as sh ow n in the t a b le .
(T h e r e s u lt sh ou ld b e m u lt ip lie d
b y 100.)

7
A .

O

c c u p a t i o n a l

T a b le A-1.

See

footn otes

e a r n i n g s

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

at




end

of

tables.

8

T a b le A-1.

O f fic e o c c u p a t io n s —men and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d
arn in gs

sele c te d occ u p a tion s

or

stu died on an ar

Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv i

Number
of
workers

Num ber of w orkers

r
M ea n2

Median 2

60

-

s

t

s

receiv in g

$

straigh t-tim e

$

$

$

w eek ly e a rn in g s

i

$

%

of —

»

$

$

$

S

*

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21 0

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

_

_

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

and

Middle range2

under

65

WOMEN

$

$
Average
weekly
hours 1
standard)

CONTINUED

--------------

138
41

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

$
8 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

$
7 6 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -1

$
9 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
0 1 .0 0

7
7
-

26
26
12

16
16
2

21
16
6

35
31
7

13
12
2

16
16
1

14
14
11

C ---------------------------------

305
286

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0
7 8 . 50

7 6 . 5C
7 6 .0 0

6 9 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 -

8 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

70
70

58
55

41
38

55
49

16
9

32
32

_

19
19

_

-

C L E R K S , O R D E R -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

123
117

4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 C 2 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 -1 C 2 .0 0

11
11

12
12

5
5

16
16

10
10

17
14

11
11

38
38

3

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

283
39
244
53

3
4
3
3

-

97

12
12
12

20
20
~
20

23
3
20
2
14

29
1
28
11
5

27
3
24
2
8

14
14
2
4

51
13
38
5
7

52
9
43
6
lb

20
6
14
2
9

9
3
6
3
2

-

13
13
13
-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

14
14
14

15
15
15

23
11
5

6
6
5

72
63
16

1
1

2
2

1
1

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_
~
-

CLERKS, F IL E ,
CLASS
NON MAN UF ACTU RIN G
PUBLIC

B ---------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

CLERKS, F IL E ,
CLASS
NON MAN UF ACTU RIN G

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

148

4 0 .0
9
0
9
8

.5
.0
.5
.5

1 0 3 .5
1 0 8 .0
1 0 3 .0
1 2 2 .5

0
0
0
0

$
8 5 .5 0

1 0 2 .5
1 0 5 .0
1 0 1 .0
1 1 4 .0

0
0
0
0

8 8 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0

-

-

6
1
5
-

4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

7 8 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

--------------

146

4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

-------------------

125
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0

-------------------------

8 8 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 C 0 .0 0

-

2
2
2

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

269
228
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

_
-

_
-

18
-

6
-

16
16
6
4

16
16
2
12

16
13
2
4

99
91
12

35
29
i
3

15
15
5

14
14
n

27
27
24

7
7
7

_
-

-

_

1 3 3 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 8 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

1 0 0 .0
1 0 3 .5
9 9 .5
1 1 6 .5
9 3 .0

9
10
9
12
9

4
4
4

_
-

84
4
80
3
33

76
4
72
27
12

104
9
95
3
18

120
7
113
4
17

136
9
127
19
23

42
7
35
23
7

66
4
62
57
5

26
1
25
21

7
3
4
4

15
15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

24
24
1
5

-

3
3
-

-

31
3
28
3
14

42
42
7

57
4
53
2
2

132
14
118
16

317
28
289
19
42

335
48
287
aO
71

391
16
375
106
52

29 3
40
253
80
22

262
44
218
130
14

144
11
1 33
75
8

141
2
139
96
i4

54
2
52
27
1

37
37
30

19
19
11

38
2
3b
36

6
6
-

6
3
3
2
-

17
4
13
~
1

40
13
27
1

20
20
7
2

21
~
21
12

6
6
6
"

8
8
6

18
1
17
17

-

7

27
8
19
4
3

95
4
91
12
29

116
16
100
17
13

102
27
75
31
6

75
75
46
3

93

19
1
18
4
i

19
19
12

n
n
5

20
1
19
19

6
6
-

246
9
237
13

136
19
117
6

101
101
1

30
2
28
2

8

-

-

-

RETAIL
COM PTOMETER

TRA DE

-------------------------

OPERATORS

NON MAN UF ACTU RIN G
RETAIL

TRA DE

-------------------------

35

3 9 .0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

704
43
656
177
124

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

MESSE NGERS ( O F F I C E G I R L S ) N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

59
57

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

2 ,3 0 2
214

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

RETAIL

TRAD E

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------NONM AN UF ACTU RING

-------------------

2 ,0 8 8

3 6 .5
4 0 .C

0
0
0
0
0

7 . 5C
2 .5 0
7 .5 0
1 .0 0
2 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 C 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 -

-------------

645

3 7 .0

1 4 9 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

263

3 9 .0

1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

187

3 9 .0

1 5 3 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

36
151
55

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

U T IL IT IE S

RETAIL

TR ADE

PUBLIC
RETAIL

U T I L I T I E S ------------T R A D E ------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------S E C R E TA R IE S,

CLASS

M A NU FA CTU RIN G

C

----------

---------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




27
695
84
611
212
76

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

_

3

7

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

3

7

7
-

-

-

-

7

-

-

7

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2
-

34
14
20

99
19
80

_

-

_

3

-

7

24

26

70

3
-

-

7
7

24
-

26
1

70
10

156
10
146
15

1 8 4 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0

1
1
1
1

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

-

-

-

1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

-

-

965
54

3 8 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 2 2 .5 0

911

3 8 .0

101

3 9 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1
2
4
2

1
6
8
3

.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

-

8 8 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

------------------------

PUBLIC

-

4
6
6
4

2
1
8
4

.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-

1

1 1 1 . 5 0 - 1 3 3 . CO

-

n
145
13
132
46

93
66
12
7
7

6
i
5

8
-

~

9
T a b le A-1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u st r y d i v i s i o n , M i a m i , F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s oJ
Number
of
woricers

$
Average

$

$

*

i

$

i

%

S

t

$

$

s

$

%

$

$

>

$

%

W
OMEN -

SECRETARIES -

hours1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Under
$
and
under
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21 0

65

Se x , o c c u p a t io n , and in du str y di vis io n

60

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

13 0

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

~

~

9

-

-

29
4
25
2
1

57
12
45

-

24
3
21
3
7

9

-

84
9
75
3
14

44
44
10
10

24
1
23
7
2

19
4
15
11

12
1
11
11

21
2
19
19
"

8
8
8
“

4
4
4

*

6

120
4
116
5
19

“

“

11
11

14
14

72
24
48
21
3

-

-

-

-

-

11
9
i

1
1

18
18

1
1

-

-

~

-

~

~

82
9
73
29
13

1

-

-

4

122
41
81
19
12

18

2

63
63
8
3

1

~

96
14
82
5
3

11

~

65
12
53
16
1

“

“

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$
113.50
109.00
113.50
144.00
107.00

$
109.00
104.00
109.00
155.00
109.00

$
$
9 9.5 0-12 4.0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
100 .50 -1 24 .50
1 28 .00 -1 63 .00
101.00 -1 14 .50

601
114
487
127
42

39.0
40.0
39.0
37.0
40.0

102.00
101.50
102.50
116.50
104.00

100.50
103.00
99.00
113.00
108.00

9 1.00-113.00
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 1.00-113.00
1 05 .50-126.50
9 6.00-117.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

400
55
345
67

39.0
4 0 .0
39.0
40.0

122.00
110.50
124.00
149.50

118.50
114.00
120.00
150.00

1 06 .00-136.50
1 05 .50-119.50
106.00 -1 38 .00
1 38 .50 -1 66 .00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------------------

72
58
30

39.5
39.0
38.5

117.00
123.50
154.00

99.00
129.00
150.50

8 9.50-148.00
9 1.50-151.50
134.00 -1 64 .00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

551
546
56

43.0
43.0
39.5

86.00
86.00
88.50

85.00
85.00
88.00

8 0 .5 0 - 95.00
8 0 .5 0 - 95.00
7 7.5 0-10 2.5 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

383
131
252
55

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

92.00
92.50
91.50
88.00

92.00
94.50
91.50
91.00

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 - 95.00
8 0 .0 0 - 94.00

_

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

49
38

38.5
38.0

103.00
103.00

100.50
89.50

TYP ISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES ---------------------------

359
329
153

39.0
39.0
39.0

110.50
110.50
125.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

581
47
534
116
127

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.0
40.0

93.50
97.00
93.50
117.50
91.50

455
40
4 15
83
59

39.5
40.0
39.5
4 0.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

See foo tn ot es at end o f t a b l e s .




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

*

43
14
29

-

~
~

~

“

"
-

-

“

“

~

4
4
4

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

2

53
4
49
8

-

-

~

-

-

2

62
8
54
8

-

-

-

62
23
39
3

-

-

115
13
102

24

~
-

20
3
17

7

-

17
4
13

23

~
-

-

-

23
15

15
15

7
7

24
11

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

6
4

10
8

10
6

1
i
1

3
3
2

7
7
7

6
6
5

8
8
8

_

-

10
5

1

-

3
3

-

1
1
1

i
i
i

-

-

-

-

15

46
46
1

6
6
6

39
39
15

162
162
3

72
72
6

59
59
1

59
58
3

64
62
20

5
5
1

4
4

6
6

12
12

-

52
31
21
7

30
23
7
2

4

~

4

8 8 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 7.0 0-12 2.5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

“

14
3

2
2

~

2
2

7
7

_

-

22
22

_

-

103.00
101.00
138.50

8 8.5 0-13 7.0 0
8 7.5 0-14 0.0 0
9 0.00-148.00

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

7
7
-

44
44
8

58
58
31

21
21
2

29
29
5

42
30
i

28
10
10

22
22
3

26
26
19

48
48
41

87.50
101.00
86.50
117.50
85.50

8 1.5 0-10 2.5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
1 00 .00-140.00
8 0.5 0-10 2.5 0

49
3
46

164
3
161
11
35

76

43
3
40
1
2

28
12
16
3
4

92
22
70
16
33

23
4
19
la
-

7

31

7
6
i

31
17
14

“

1

_

-

-

4

35

-

-

-

4

1

35
3
20

-

-

27
14

~

8

-

76
11
10

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

_

-

4

“

27
7
20
1

4

~

114
18
96
20

-

“

40
10
30
4

5
2
3

“

66
28
38
7

-

-

2
2

27

~

_

-

-

-

29
29
-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

29
29
29

4
4
4

20

4

4

_

-

-

20
20
”

4
4
“

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

-

”

_

-

*
-

-

-

-

“

“

1 0

T a b le A - 2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in du str y d i v i s i o n , M i a m i , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Sex , oc c u p a t io n , and in du str y d iv is io n

Number
of

N i m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s tra igh t - t i m e w e e k l y ea r nings o f—
t

Average
hours 1
(standard)

*
70

Mean2

Median ^

Middle range 2

$
80

$
90

$

i

ICO

110

t

i
120

130

t
140

*

$
150

160

t
170

$
180

s

$
190

200

$

i

210

220

S
230

t
240

$
250

$
260

and
under

27
and

80

90

100

1 10

120

-

-

~
-

-

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

20 0

210

220

230

240

25 0

260

270

"

~

6
6
"

11
11

27
27
15

16
16
11

7
7
6

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

-

-

"

"

-

-

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

ov e

M
EN
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S -----------

72
70
35

39.0
38.5
38.0

$
158.00
157.50
164.50

$
$
$
155.00 1 5 0 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
154.50 1 5 0 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
162.00 1 5 3 .5 0 -1 7 1 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

140
130

39.0
39.0

128.00
126.50

131.50
130.50

115.00 -1 48 .00
1 14 .00-146.00

18
18

_

1
1

3
3

28
28

15
14

30
26

13
13

13
11

8
7

6
4

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

126
121

38.0
38.0

118.50
117.50

127.00
126.00

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

_

9
9

24
24

15
15

10
10

9
8

45
44

8
5

2
2

2
2

2
2

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

99
99

38.0
38.0

221.00
221.00

221.50
221.50

195 .50 -2 39 .00
195 .50 -2 39 .00

_

_

_

“

”

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

157
145

38.0
38.0

188.50
189.50

193.00
195.00

161 .00 -2 14 .00
161 .00 -2 15 .00

_

_

_

_

”

“

“

“

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

78
76

38.0
37.5

166.50
166.00

179.00
178.00

135 .00 -1 91 .50
134 .50 -1 92 .00

_

_

6
6

“

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

31
28

37.5
37.0

281.50
274.00

275.00
267.50

2 42 .50 -3 20 .00
2 41 .50 -2 97 .00

~

“

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

73
70

38.0
38.0

2 31.00
230.50

232.50
232.00

2 09 .50 -2 49 .50
2 10 .00 -2 49 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

184
45

40.0
4 0.0

209.00 223.00
1 6 0 . 5C 1 5 4 . 0 0

174 .00 -2 37 .50
152 .00 -1 72 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

192
64
128

39.5
4 0.0
39.0

161.50
141.00
171.50

154.00
138.50
182.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

131
27

4 0.0
4 0.0

151.00
118.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

28
27

38.5
38.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

“

_

-

_

_

_

_

”

“

~

1
1

1
1

11
10

10
10

6
6

2
2

6
6

~

“

_

_

_

-

“

3
3

10
10

20
20

8
8

6
6

12
12

16
16

4
4

5
5

5
5

15
13

15
14

13
11

9
7

14
12

22
22

18
17

12
12

9
8

6
6

2
2

_

5
5

4
4

2
2

11
11

16
14

6
6

9
9

5
5

_

_

_

_

“

~

“

”

“

”

”

~

2
2

4
4

7
7

~

.

*

“

1
1

1
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

137 .50 -1 91 .00
136 .00 -1 52 .00
147 .00 -1 96 .00

-

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

161.50
120.50

123 .00 -1 74 .50
112 .50 -1 24 .00

-

i

-

3

122.00
122.00

122.50
130.00

113 .00 -1 35 .50
112 .50 -1 36 .00

_

_

_

5
5

13
13

10
10

5
5

7
7

15
15

7
7

6
6

2

29
27

7
4

14
11

2
-

6
-

5
-

18
3

15

44
-

21
-

21
-

_

1

25

30

15

5

_

_

_

-

_

30

15

5

-

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

2
2

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

14
6
8

42
34
8

16
1
15

29
22
7

8
1
7

1

25

15
13

26
11

5

3
3

6

27

18

27

13
12

1
1

12
12

1
1

7

1

-

5

W
OMEN

1
1
4

CLASS C --------------

25

39.0

110.00

111.00

9 7.50-122.50

-

i

7

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

48
47

38.5
38.5

176.00
177.00

162.50
165.00

144 .00 -2 08 .50
144.50 -2 09 .00

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

1
-

6
6

9
9

8
8

1
1

2
2

3
3

2
2

6
6

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------------------

37
30
25

38.0
38.0
37.5

173.00
180.00
186.00

181.00
186.00
190.00

1 44 .00 -1 94 .50
1 59 .00 -2 01 .00
175.00 -2 01 .50

-

-

-

_

-

_

~

-

“

-

-

ii
4
~

2
2
2

3
3
3

1

-

1
1
1

7
7
7

4
4
4

8
8
8

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s :

See fo ot no te s at end o f t a bl e s.




”

“

1

2 at $ 270 to $ 2 8 0 ; 2 at $ 2 8 0 to $ 290; 4 at $ 290 to $ 300; 1 at $ 3 1 0 to $ 320; 1 at $ 320 to $ 330; 2 at $ 330 to $ 3 4 0 ; and 2 at $ 3 4 0 to $ 350.

“

“

i
*i

11

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o ur s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st ud ied on an a r e a b a s is by in du st r y d i v i s i o n , M i a m i , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970)

A er g
v ae

Aeae
vrg
O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
o
f

Weekly
erig 1
anns
s a d r ) [tnad
t n a d sadr)
Weekly

$
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ■
40.0 108.50
MANUFACTURING -----------40.0 100.50
NONMANUFACTURING --------39.5 117.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

91
48
43

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

71
49

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

158
45
113

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------RETAIL TRADE -----------

178
43
135
45

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------RETAIL TRADE -----------

633
122
511
71

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

1,296
168
1, 128
479
159

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

26
26

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

169
159
47

39.0
39.0
37.5

82.50
82.50
84.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

305
286

39.5
39.5

78.50
78.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

194
188

40.0
40.0

95.00
94.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

311
54
257
57
99

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
40.0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------NONMANUFACTURING --------RETAIL TRADE -----------

146
125
67

40.0
40.0
40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
NON MANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------RETAIL TRADE -----------

276
235
65
35

39.5
39.0
38.5
39.0




Weekly Weekly
anns
or
wr e s hus 1 erig 1
okr
(t n a d (tn a d
s a d r ) sad r )
of

41.0 103.00 MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)42.0 100.50
NONMANUFAC T U R I N G -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------39.5 113.00
40.0 121.00 SECRETARIES --------39.0 109.50
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
40.5 94.00
RETAIL TRADE --40.0 97.00
40.5 93.50
SECRETARIES, CLASS A
40.C 90.50
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING -38.5 134.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES •
40.0 126.00
RETAIL TRADE ---38.0 136.CO
39.5 118.00
SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----39.0 110.50
NONMANUFACTURING —
40.0 103.50
PUBLIC UTILITIES •
38.5 111.50
RETAIL TRADE ---37.0 129.50
39.5 97.50
SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----39.5 108.50
NONMANUFACTURING —
39.5 108.50
RETAIL TRADE ---SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING -PUBLIC UTILITIES •
RETAIL TRADE ---STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE ----

105.50
110.50
104.50 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ---125.00
NONMANUFACTURING —
92.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES
94.00
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --94.00
NONMANUFACTURING -------------88.50
PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------109.50
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --113.50
NONMANUFACTURING -------------133.00
RETAIL TRADE ---------------98.00
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

O cc u pa t io n and indu str y d iv is io n

Number
o
f

W ekly Weekly
e
hu s1 e rig 1
or
anns
( t nad (tnad
s adr) sadr)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

See foo tn o te s at end o f ta bl es.

O c c u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

705
196
126

39.0
40.0
39.0
36.5
40.0

$
100.00
103.50
100.00
118.50
93.00

213
203
59
27

38.0
38.0
37.0
39.5

81.50
81.00
89.00
78.50

2,302
214
2,088
645
263

38.5
40.0
38.5
37.0
39.0

128.00
123.50
128.50
149.00
117.00

187
36
151
55
27

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.0
39.5

153.50
137.50
157.50
184.00
121.00

695
84
611

38.5
40.0
38.5
37.0
39.0

753

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

43
43

$
38.0 123.00
38.0 123.00

50
39

38.5 102.50
38.0 103.00

367
337
158

39.0 111.00
39.0 111.00
39.0 125.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

581
47
534
116
127

39.0 93.50
40.0 97.00
39.0 93.50
38.0 117.50
40.0 91.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

75
73
38

38.5 158.50
38.5 158.00
38.0 164.50

141.50
126.00
143.50
161.00
132.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------

168
157

39.0 127.00
38.5 126.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----NONMANUFACTURING.
--------------

151
142

38.0 117.00
38.0 116.50

101

38.0
40.0
38.0
39.0

121.00
122.50
121.00
110.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

118
116

38.0 217.50
38.0 217.50

455
40
415
83
59
601
114
487
127
42

39.5
40.0
39.5
4C.0
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.0
37.0
40.0

113.50
109.00
113.50
144.00
107.00
102.00
101.50
102.50
116.50
104.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

205
192

38.0 185.50
38.0 186.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

93
91

37.5 168.00
37.5 168.00

33
30

37.5 279.00
37.0 271.50

400
55
345
67

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

122.00
110.50
124.00
149.50

80
76

38.0 230.50
37.5 230.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

185
45

40.0 209.50
40.0 160.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

212
70
142

39.5 160.00
40.0 142.50
39.0 169.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

131
27

40.0 151.00
40.0 118.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

39
30
25

38.5 172.50
38.0 180.00
37.5 186.00

48

212

76
965
54
911

72
58
30
551
548
56
38 3
131
252
55

39.5 117.00
39.0 123.50
38.5 154.00
43.0
43.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

86.00
86.00
88.50
92.00
92.50
91.50
88.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1 2

T a b le A - 4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o ccupations

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is by in du str y d i v i s i o n , M i a m i , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970)

See foo tn ot es at end o f ta bl e s.




13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rni ngs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is by in du st r y d i v i s i o n , M i a m i , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970
N u m b e r o f wo r k e r

Hourly earnings3

r e c Bi.vi.ng str ai gh t -t im e hou r l y ea m i n g s o f—

$
1.7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1.9 0

i
2.0 0

$
2 .1 C

$
2 .20

$
2.3 0

$
2 .4 0

S
>
2.5 0

$
2 . oO

S
2 .80

$
3.0 0

3 .2 0

S
3.4 0

s
3 .6 0

Mean ^ Median2

Middle range ^

1.6 0

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2.0 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2 .30

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 80

3 .00

3 .2 0

3.4 0

3.6 0

3.8 0

-

7
7

434
424

160
160

93
93

220
220

229
223

84
47

48
27

32
18

13
8

18
16

33
11

20
12

10
8

7
7

27
27

“

48

192
192
12

618
7
611
~
75

320
9
311
~
85

219
43
176
56

155
44
in
30
32

113
10
103
4
28

189
119
70
8
40

94
25
69
7
17

72
29
43
8
9

29
12
17
1
9

79
20
59
2
20

87
70
17
11

56
53
3
3

20
7
13
5
1

15
1
14
1
1

3
3
3
-

52
12
40
29

74
39
35
35

61
27
34
34

200
96
104
102

226
119
107
25

95
50
45
24

192
73
119
40

143
101
42
35

238
180
58
29

3 13
229
84
56

87
10
77
61

105
1
104
76

9
2
7
7

t

$
3 .8 0

4 .0 0

$
4.2 0

$
4.4 0

$
4 .6 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4.6 0

4.8 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

159
159
158
-

18
1
17
17
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

7
3
4
-

28
20
8
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

i

and
under
o
o

workers

*
1.6 0

1.5 0

S e x , oc c u p a t io n , and in dus tr y d iv is io n

S
1 .5 0

$
1 .4 0

Number

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1,435
1,308

$
1 .9 3
1.8 9

$
1.9 1
1.87

$
1 .6 8 1 .6 8 -

$
2 .0 7
2 .0 3

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

2 ,4 8 6
450
2,036
244
399

2.0 4
2 .2 9
1.9 9
3 .3 0
1 .9 4

1 .8 3
2 .1 9
1 .7 5
3 .6 7
1 .8 5

1 .6 6 2 .1 0 1 .6 4 3 .0 6 1 .7 2 -

2.2 1
2 .6 4
2 .0 8
3.7 5
2 .1 3

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

1,850
97 4
876
563

2 .4 1
2 .4 0
2 .4 2
2 .4 0

2.4 1
2.4 6
2.3 6
2 .3 8

2 .1 3 2 .1 5 2 .1 1 2 .0 4 -

2 .6 6
2 .6 2
2 .7 7
2.9 1

-

-

12
12
~

ORDER FILLERS ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

805
781
272

2.5 3
2 .5 3
2.7 0

2.5 1
2 .4 8
3 .1 2

2 .0 7 2 .C 61 .9 3 -

3 .1 2
3 .1 3
3 .1 9

-

-

-

56
56
56

66
66

98
98
10

40
40
2

63
63

33
33

30
30
15

70
46
2

33
33
14

37
37
-

171
171
103

60
60
58

36
36
-

_
-

-

12
12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

326
172

2.4 4
2 .3 3

2 .4 8
2.4 1

2 .1 4 2 .1 5 -

2 .8 1
2 .5 6

-

-

28
6

4
3

6
6

22
9

33
21

30
30

-

38
38

25
13

44
22

63
15

12

12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

9
9

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

164
151
99

2 .9 6
2 .9 8
2 .7 9

2 .8 3
2.7 9
2.5 9

2 .5 2 2 .5 1 2 .2 9 -

3 .6 3
3 .6 5
3 .3 5

_
-

7
7
7

_
-

-

-

4
4
4

-

2
2

14
14
14

_
-

7
7
7

39
33
19

9
9
i

3
3
2

15
8
8

19
19
19

1
1
~

15
15
15

6
6
2

18
18
1

3
3
-

2
2
-

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

53
25

3 .3 1
3 .0 3

3.1 3
2.7 9

2 .8 0 2 .7 1 -

3 .9 5
3 .4 0

3

10
10

12
-

6
6

_

_

3
-

11
-

2
-

_

-

6
6

_

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING -----------------

132
131

3 .1 3
3 .1 3

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

2 .9 0 2 .9 1 -

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

_

12
12

26
26

42
42

4
4

21
21

19
19

_

_

_

-

i

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

2 ,9 0 4
534
2 ,3 7 0
954
620

3 .2 5
2 .8 7
3 .3 4
4.1 3
2 .9 0

3 .2 4
2.7 4
3 .2 7
4 .4 3
3.2 0

2 .5 5 2 .5 2 2 .5 8 3 .7 8 2 .2 6 -

4 .0 9
3 .5 2
4.4 1
4.4 6
3 .3 6

_
-

49
49
10
16

243
119
124
20
34

17
bi
36
16
6

178
30
148
22
16

211
12
199
18
34

373
4
369
i
2 00

26 4
174
90
37
41

163
5
158
141
12

8
8
3

41
3
38
3
30

26
26
15
11

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

424
79
345
127

2 .4 0
2 .4 3
2.4 0
2.4 6

2.2 9
2 .5 1
2.1 9
2 .2 5

2 .0 8 2 .2 6 2 .0 4 2 .1 0 -

2.7 5
2 .6 7
2.9 0
3 .0 3

_
“

_

“

60
19
41
21

32
21
11
1

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING A TONS) --------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

1,010
182
828
281
193

3 .0 0
2.4 9
3.1 1
3 .6 5
2 .7 3

2 .9 5
2 .5 4
3 .0 6
3 .7 4
2 .4 1

2 .5 1 2 .2 5 2 .5 5 3 .4 3 2 . 2 3-

3.4 7
2 .6 5
3 .7 1
3 .8 0
3 .2 5

_
-

33
33

136
71
65

16

13

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

1 ,0 4 0
102
938
513
300

3 .7 2
2 .7 7
3 .8 2
4.3 1
3.2 0

3 .7 6
2 .7 5
4.4 0
4.4 5
3 .3 0

3 .2 4 2 .5 7 3 .2 7 4 .4 2 3 .2 2 -

4.4 5
2.8 5
4 .4 5
4.4 7
3.3 8

_
-

4
4
4

35
29
6
6

See fo ot no te s at end o f ta bl es.




48
-

3
_

_

-

_

_

_

_

~

6
6

_

1

-

-

2
2

12
12

74
6
68

125
27
98

98
6
92

150
52
98

85
15
70

~

“

2

12

12

59

47

39

32

10
10
10

58
~
58
2

46
46
19

59
59
26

44
31
13
13

24
8
16
"

_

_

_

-

-

~

~

“

_

_
-

_

-

2
2

10
6
4

41
27
14

27
6
21

60
15
45

“

”

2

4

14

21

22

61
7
54
14
32

_

2
2

_
-

6
6

26
26

_
~

10
6
4

-

6

26

-

6

_
-

-

2

_

-

4

_

-

_

-

_

676
676
671
5

9
9
9

50

14

13

8

5

_

_

1

50

14
14

13
13

8
8

5

-

-

1

-

-

48
28
20
12
4

97
11
86
14
12

129
6
123
12
3

82
82
1
5

59
59
34
13

130
5
125
119
6

3
3
3

7
7
3
4

23
23
14
9

56
56
52
4

6
6
6

37
32
5
4
i

31
19
12
8
4

47
6
41
6
17

274
27 4
182

33
10
23
3
20

23
23
12
6

5
_

31
31
26

2
_

471
_

2
-

471
470
1

3
_
3
-

5
-

2

3

14
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s i s by in du st r y d i v i s i o n , M i a m i , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970




15

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e provisions

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e

s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o rk e r s
e n t r a n c e s a l a r y fo r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , M i a m i , F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1970)

In e x p e rie n ce d typists
N onmanufacturing

M a n u fa zt ur in g
M inim um w eekly s tr aigh t-tim e s a la r y 4

B ased on standard w eekly h o u r s 6 o f—

All
industries

All
schedules

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _______________________________________

207

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ---------------------------

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

58

All
schedules

40

XXX

149

XXX

25

40

42

5

5

37

u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 72. 50---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------o v e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
2
6
11
2

_
-

_
-

2
2

1
1

1
2

1
2

5
9

-

-

5
9
-

4
-

2

2

-

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

21

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

144

$ 62.50
$ 65. 00
$ 67.50
$ 70. 00
$ 72.50
$ 75.0 0
$ 7 7.50
$ 80.00
$ 82.50
$ 85.00
$ 87.50
$ 9 0 . 00
$ 9 2 . 50
$ 9 5 . 00

an d
and
an d
an d
an d
an d
and
a nd
a nd
a nd
and
and
and
and

See footn otes




at e n d o f t a b l e s .

4
-

8
2
-

1
4

M a n u f a c t u r in g
All
industries

2

1

All
schedule s

40

207

58

XXX

149

XXX

61

11

11

50

34

6

.
-

.
-

6

4

1

1

5
4

5
4

3
4
14

12

3
5
19

2
5

-

4
-

1
12
1
1

1

1

-

4

3

3

XXX

18

50

XXX

94

6
2

Non manufactu rin g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 o f —
Al l
schedules

2

40

2
4
-

5

2

1
8

5
-

-

1

1

2
1

-

-

2
1

3

-

-

3

3

XXX

42

13

XXX

29

XXX

XXX

104

34

XXX

70

XXX

-

1
-

2

16




T a b le B - 2 .

S h ift differentials

( L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u fa ct u ri n g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ou nt o f pay d i ff e r e n t ia l ,
M i a m i , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
^Al^^lanlMvorke^s^Jn^^mariuf^turing^^J^O^^^^rcent^
P e r c e n t o f m a nu fa ctu ri ng plant w o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s having p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r late shifts

A c t u a l ly w o rk in g on late shifts

S e c o n d shift

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------

T h ir d o r ot he r
shift

49. 4

34. 4

8. 9

2. 5

S e co n d shift

T h ir d o r ot her
shift

No pa y d i ff e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on late s h i f t ----------

li. a

2. 3

2. 5

0. 6

P a y d i ff e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on late shi ft ________

38. 2

32. 1

6 .4

1.9

36. 8

28. 3

6. 4

1.7

1.9
1. 5
4. 5
17. 9
2 .9
6. 0
2. 1

1. 2

12. 1
7 .4
3. 3
4. 3

.5
. 3
1.9
3. 1
.2
. 3

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e __ --------------------------------

1.4

3 .9

10 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------

1.4

3. 9

T y p e and a m o un t o f d if fe re nt ia l:
U n if o r m cen ts (p er h o u r ) __________________
5 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s _______ ___________________________
8 c e n t s ------------------------- --------------------------10 c e n t s ____________________________________
13 c e n t s ____________________________________
15 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------20 c e n t s — ------------- --------------------------------

See fo ot n o t e at end o f ta b l e s.

-

-

. 1
-

.
.
.
.

6
6
1
3

.2
. 2

17

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

h o u rs

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M i a m i , F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W eekly hours

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------36 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------37 { h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------/z
O v e r 37 V2 an d u n d e r 40 h o u r s --------------------------------40 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 40 and u n d e r 43 h o u r s ------------------------------------43 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 43 and u n d e r 48 h o u r s ________________________
48 h o u r s ________________________________________________
54 h o u r s ________________________________________________

S e e f o o t n o t e at en d o f t a b l e s .




A ll
in d u s t r ie s

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e ta il t r a d e

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il t r a d e

100

100

100

5

5

(9 )
2

4

3
1

-

9
-

-

-

-

2

15

-

26

7

5
85

8

100

100

100

1

28

100

1

-

-

3

7

-

-

69
2
4
3
13

87
1
3

95
1
-

54
2

66

96

46

1

_

2

-

-

-

1

1

1

4
22
3

(9 )
i
i

-

2

18

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l i d a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly ,

M ia m i,

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------- --------

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

F la .,

N o v e m b e r 1 970)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tr a d e

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

R e t a il t r a d e

10 0

10 0

10 0

86

88

10 0

80

99

97

10 0

97

14

12

-

20

1

3

-

3

-

-

4
2
2
6
8
26
2

(9)
-

_
-

(9 )

1
1

-

N um ber o f days
1 h o l id a y _________________________________________________
2 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------- ----------------------5 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------------- ----- ------8 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------- -------9 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ------------------------- -----------------------------------------11 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------12 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

2
1
1
10
7
1
27
2
1
11
11
12
1
(’ )
"

1
9
42
4
2
15
4

9
-

2
"

9
-

3
32
55
1
"

20
10
“

3
4
0
44
1
3
7
1
18
13

3
1
1
1

6
58
6
9
2
5
7
-

2
~

-

n

n
-

-

11

9

34
4

-

4
-

43
44
n
"

-

26
21
"

T o t a l h o l i d a y t im e 10
12 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------- -10 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------9 Y2 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------- -------------9 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------- --------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------672 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------5Vz d a y s o r m o r e ------ ------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------3 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------2 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s




at en d o f t a b l e s .

(’ )
1
1
13
25
37
38
65
65
73
83
83
84
86

-

2
2
11
14
32
35
78
78
86
88
88
88
88

1
1
57
88
91
91
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

10
30
32
58
58
66
72
73
76
80

1
1

2
5
17
36
46
47
91
91
95
98
98
98
99

-

n
n

2
2
10

44

16
26
32
90
90
95
96
97
97
97

87
91
91
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

21
48
51
85
85
96
96
96
96
97

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

M ia m i,

F la .,

N o v e m b e r 1 97 0)

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

O ffic e w o r k e r s
A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
91
3
1

93
84
9

100
100
-

99
99
n

98
96
2

-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

96
93
3

5

7

-

4

(’ )

-

-

8
24
2
2

12
13
-

60
4
2

14
24
3
5

4
52
7
2

63
14
1

15
41
1
1

2
62
(9 )
28
1
1

2
63

35

5
66

-

-

-

21
5

65

21

-

-

-

-

3

(9 )
33
1
64
2
(9 )

1
22
3
67
1
1

2
29
8
50
5

5
1
94
-

-

-

7
2
84
3

1
5

2
11
12
64
5

100
-

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

R e ta il tr a d e

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s

R e t a il t r a d e

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------- ----------- —
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------ ---------O t h e r -----------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------- -------- -------- —

-

-

2

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------- ------------------------------------- - -

-

8
28
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s . ------------------------------------2 w e e k s . -----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ..
- --------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------- ---------------------------------------------

_

-

36
13

2
75
22
1

1
1
99
-

2
2
95
1

100

99

"

-

33
67
-

-

49

1

-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k — ------------------------------------------------------------------ -O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------- ------------------- -------------- --------------------- ------3 w e e k s ------------------- ------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

6
n
90
3
(9 )

_
18
67
13

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------- ------------------------------------------- —
1 w e e k ------------------------------------- -----------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s — ----------------------------- -------------- --------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------- -----------------------3 w e e k s . . . . . -------. . . ------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------- --- ----- — _ .
-----------------------------------

4
83
(9 )
1
1

3
90
-

3

-

1
92
3
3
(’ )

5
80
13

1
91
4
4
(9 )

5
78
1
15

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k . . . —. ------------------------- ---------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------- ------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s . ---------------------- ------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------- ------------------3 w eeks .
— --------------- -------------------- -------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------- -------------------------------------------

S ee f o o t n o t e s




a t en d o f t a b l e s .

1
5
4
81
1
3
1

2
11
12
58
1
9

_

99
1

-

3
88
-

2
3

97
3

98
1
1

20

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

M ia m i,

F la .,

N o v e m b e r 1 97 0)

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il t r a d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il t r a d e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11— C o n t in u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------- ------------------ -------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------- . .
2 w e e k s _____ _______________ ________________
-----------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s . .
3 w e e k s — -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s —
-------- . .
—
4 w e e k s ----------------------- ------- ------------------------

1
3
1
69
7
13
1

2
9
3
52
12
16
-

4
35
1
50
1
4

11
38
1
37
1
6

4
35
1
50
1
5

11
38
1
37
1
6

4
33
1
38
1
18
P

11
32
1
41
1
6
-

4
33
1
23
1
24
-

11
32
1
37
1
10
-

n

_

82
18
-

_

3
64
n
13
1
3

(9 )
68
8
23
-

4
62
8
23
-

(9 )

-

-

3
30
57
1
5

(9 )
28
1
66

_
1
-

n
4

4
37
1
39
2
15

1

3
30
57
1
5

(9 )
28
1
66
1
4

4
37
1
39
2
15

3
35
61
-

3
30
49
1
12
-

(9 )
20
1
54
1
21
3

4
35
1
36
2
20

'

-

(9)
20
1
33

4
35
1
31
2
24
-

_

78
22
-

-

_

_
69
22
8
1

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------- ----- ----------- -------------- ----- ----2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------- . . ----------- ------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------- -------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------- -------- --------------------------

4
96
-

_

-

28
71
1

1

28

99
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------ -------------------------------- --------------------------2 w e e k s --------- — _ — -- -------- --.
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------- . . .
..
...
3 w e e k s — ----- — — ----------- — -------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s — _
4 w e e k s ---------------- -------.. — .
.
-------

4
95
-

~

-

99

71

-

(9 )

-

1

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------- . ------ . -------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s . .
----------------- .
3 w e e k s — ----------------------------------— --------------------—
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----..
--------- -------4 w e e k s _____ _____ __ — ------------------ -- - — — _ __ _
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s . -------. . . . . . ----5 w e e k s ------ ---------------------------- -- --------- — — -------

(9 )

-

1
51
48
-

28
-

65
6
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------- —
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------- - --------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------- --------------- -------3 w e e k s . . . ------------------ --------------- -- -------- --------- .
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------- ------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------ ----------- — ----------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------- --------- --------6 w e e k s — ----------------- . ---------------------------------------------

9
(9 )

-

3

3
30
27
1
34

-

4
-

43
-

49

-

-

n

(9 )
33
3
9
"

(9 )
"

1
5
54
41

28

1

28

5

14
58

36
36
“

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k . . -------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s . . . . . . . . . . ----------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s — ----- ------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _ — - — ------ -- --------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s




at en d o f t a b l e s .

4
33
1
20
1
23
-

12
2

11
32
1
37
1
10
n

3
-

4
22
62
9

3
30
«
16
1
45
-

(9 )
20
1
29
(9 )
30
3
15
(9 )

4
35
1
31
2
24
(9 )

27
"
67

-

21

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

M ia m i,

F la .,

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o v e m b e r 1 97 0)

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tr a d e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11— C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------- -------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------- ----------------------------------------------------------

4
33
1
20
1
23
-

12
2

n
32
1
37
1
10
•
(’ )

_

3
30

4
35
1
31
2
24

-

-

-

63
10

-

(9 )
20
1
29
(9 )
29
3
16

-

(9 )

(9 )

_

3
30

-

-

4

(9 )
20
1
29
(9 )
29
3
16

4
35
1
31
2
24
-

_

3

(9 )
1

(9 )

_

“

3
-

4
-

20

-

16
1
45

-

1
-

28
-

14
58

5
-

27
67

-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------- -------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------— ----------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




4
33
1
20
1
23

11
32
1
37
1
10

20

16
1
45

-

-

-

-

12
2

-

63
10

-

(’ )

-

-

-

_

1

28
14

-

5
-

27
67
-

-

58
-

-

22

T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lth ,

in s u ra n c e , a n d

p e n s io n

p la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , M i a m i , F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it a n d
f i n a n c in g 12

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il t ra d e

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tra d e

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w --------------------

94

93

100

96

99

96

100

99

93
63

90
62

100
75

94
51

98
69

95
41

100
71

95
55

66
46

72
50

71
49

53
30

76
51

73
30

65
37

59
24

61

51

92

69

79

69

98

93

39
25

42
25

58
43

43
22

35
24

51
20

46
37

35
17

L i f e i n s u r a n c e --------------- - --------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s __ _ ------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------------- -------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------- ------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 13-------------------------------------------

100

O ffic e w o r k e r s

100

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e --------- —
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s _ -------------------------S ic k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
----- --------------------w a i t in g p e r i o d ) ----------S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _______________________________

22

18

31

16

52

43

62

38

20

9

59

21

17

10

35

33

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------ —
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______ _ ----------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ----------- — --------------------- -- N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------- --------------- ---------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------_ _ -- ---------- ___
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___________ __________
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ----- --------------- ----------- — -----N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------D en ta l in s u r a n c e
. ---------------------- ------- N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___ ------------ ----------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ---------------------------------- --------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------------------

93
58
93
58
83
53
71
40
4
4
51
41

92
59
92
59
76
51
63
39

100
77
100
77
87
76
98
73
16
16
91
76

92
38
92
38
87
33
81
31
2
2
54
37

98
63
98
63
95
62
93
58
6
6
71
61

95
46
95
46
89
42
86
39

100
68
100
68
91
68
99
67
11
11
96
86

96
30
96
30
92
26
85
21
1
1
70
44

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s




-

29
25

-

38
35

23

F o o tn o te s

All of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
1 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total
0
of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent
1
time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks' pay or
more after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
2
plans" include only those plans financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
3
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.







A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n t in u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

P o s it io n s

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o l l o w s ;
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e o n a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .

CLERK,

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .




c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s a n d p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t in g in f o r m a t io n .
e s f a m i l i a r w it h th e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
b u t is n o t r e q u i r e d t o h a v e a k n o w l e d g e o f th e f o r m a l

NOTE;

S in c e th e la s t

s u r v e y in t h is a r e a ,

o n th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l lo w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

F IL E

C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo rm
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d . e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r i f y i n g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

in to l e v e l s

C la s s A .
In an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
w it h th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
t ra n s a ctio n s .

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g t o
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s a n d l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y i n d ic a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s if ic a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n t i n g a c t i o n s t o d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s is te d b y on e o r m o re
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o l v e ; C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t im e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d i s c o n t in u e d

25

c o lle c t in g

d a ta f o r

o ile r s

and

p lu m b e rs .

26
COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s i n c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .
KEYPUNCH OPE RATO R
O p e r a te s a keyp u n ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
P o s it io n s

a re

to r e c o r d

c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s

or v e rify

o n th e b a s i s

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .
SECRETARY

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e it h e r ' a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t i o n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or
d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a l l c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y o n in d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l lo w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

C la s s

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

C la s s

etc. (o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; or^

than

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc.
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g f o l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r




e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv i d u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y i n d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d t y p in g w o r k .

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l )
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

o r p r e s id e n t)

d a ta on

C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f d a t a t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .

a ll ,

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
a l l , f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
m a c h in e

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k ey p u n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s

C la s s

o f a m a jo r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e

27
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n t in u e d

a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s t o
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f ic n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c i fic in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e b u t r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s
t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f i li n g w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d i t io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty i6 t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f in i t io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l lo w i n g

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s in g
d iff ic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a in i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d in s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fi n a l f o r m w h en
it i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; and p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
rou g h o r c le a r
d r a f t s ; r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PU TER O PE RATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .
F or w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter

o p era tors

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s ;

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l is h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s , t h e r e is li t t le o r n o t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d to d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
ru n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic da ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t io n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : A p p l ie s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
in v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d flo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s is and p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t in s is th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a \ 0
D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l v c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m ers

a re c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t il iz e the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

28
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S ---- C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iff ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

in s t r u c t l o w e r

le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n e w
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e le c t r o n ic
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d id e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o . o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . ( N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s i n g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s ;
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w it h in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy ste m s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

E L E C T R O N IC

as fo llo w s ;

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l in g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo l lo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v id e
a s s is t.

f u n c t io n a l

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to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a r e

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C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,




P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

or

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o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

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T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e fo l lo w i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; M o d if y i n g , in s t a l li n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u li n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e f o l l o w i n g t a s k s ;
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , t u n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o r k i s n o n r e p e t it i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n a p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n in g t o th e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b le a n a l y s i s ; and
th e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a rts .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g ;
G r o u n d , v e h i c l e , o r a ir b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a t io n a id s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t in g o r r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e and s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r ia l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t i n g , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
and r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e i v i n g s e t s .)

29
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) — C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a t te n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in t o m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s t h e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in
t h e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g
a n d t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s ;
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tra d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fi n e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu l l- t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N I C , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a i n l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
in v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d in s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

30
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A I N T E N A N C E ---- C o n t in u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

p i p e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u il d i n g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f i n g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s
in c u t t i n g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D ie m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fi x t u r e

m a k er;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

sh op s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

W ATCHM AN

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k es rou n ds
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

c h a rw o m a n ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; S w e e p i n g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

cle rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r

p ick e r;

stock

se le cto r; w areh ou se

stock m an )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
t o f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t i n g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
da ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the inside front cover.
Abilene, Tex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Amarillo, Tex.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Billings, Mont.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville, Term., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
Durham, N.C.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.-Pa.-W. Va.
Great Falls, Mont.
Greensboror-Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Hartford, Conn.
Huntsville, Ala.

Copies of public releases are

Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
New Londorr-Groton—
Norwich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Monterey, Calif.
Santa Barbara, Calif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Valdosta, Ga.
V allej o—
Napa, C alif.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

The eleventh annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel,
buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices.



* U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1971 O -

432-466 ( I S )




A rea W age

Surveys

A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age an d H o u r D i v i s i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n te n d e n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

Akron, Ohio, July 1970_____________________ .__ 1660-88,
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Feb. 1970_______ 1660-51,
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1970 1---------------------------- 1660-55,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May1970 1— 1660-83,
Atlanta, Ga., May 1970 1--------------------- ------------------------ 1660-76,
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1970 1 ___________________ 1685-18,
BeaumontrPort Arthui—
Orange, Tex., May 1970___ 1660-84,
Binghamton, N.Y., July 1970________________ _ 1685-6,
—
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1970__________________ 1660-57,
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1970 1 __ .______ _________ 1685-21,
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1970 1 _____ ____________ _____ 1685-1 1,
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1969____________________ 1660-29,
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1970___ ______________ ,_ 1660-53,
_
_
_______ _____ 1660-81,
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1______ ,__ —
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1970 1—------------------------------ 1660-68,
Charlotte, N.C., Mar. 197 0 1 _ _ _ _
_ _ _ ______________ 1660-61,
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga,, Sept, 1970 1 _ _
_ .________ 1685- 10,
Chicago, 111., June 1970______ _______ ____ ._____ 1660-90,
Cincinnati, Ohio— Ind., Feb. 1970 ___________ 1660-49,
Ky.—
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969_____________ ,______ 1660-22,
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969—
---------------------------------------- 1660-27,
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969_________ -____ ________ _ 1660-23,
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1969 1____ ____________________________ 1660-20,
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969___ .________._____ ,___ 1660-37,
_
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1------------------------------------ ----- 1660-41,
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970 1 ----------------- ------------------- 1660-73,
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970___ ____ _______________ 1660-58,
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969___________________- 1660-18,
Green Bay, Wis., July 1970 1--------------------- ---------------- 1685-4,
Greenville, S.C., May 1970----------------------------------------- 1660-79,
_
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970--------------------------------------- ,_ _ 1660-67,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969--------------------------------------- 1660-25,
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1970_____________________ 1660-39,
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969__________________ 1660-35,
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1970 1______ ._____ 1685-16,
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1970 1_____ 1660-82,
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1970 1___ 1665- 1,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970_________ _____ 1660-64,
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1________________ 1660-28,
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1970 1----- ----------------------------------- 1660-50,
Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1 ______________ __ __ 1685-2,
Memphis, Tenn.-Ark., Nov. 1969 1 ___________ , 1660-31,
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969----------------------------------------------- 1660-32,
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 ____________ 1660-44,
Milwaukee, Wis., May 19701-.__ __________ _____ 1660-74,
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1970 1 ________ 1660-46,
St.

30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
50 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
60 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
50 cents

1 D a ta on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p plem en tary w a g e provisions are also presented .




A rea

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e

Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.,June 1970 1___.__ 1660-85,
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1970 1 ________ 1660-47,
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1970 1__________________ 1660-40,
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1970___________________ 1660-42,
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1970 1____________ ,______ 1660-89,
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1970 1 ____________ __ _____ 1660-59,
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1970________________ 1685-5,
Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Sept. 1970 1________________ 1685-14,
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1970 1_______ 1660-87,
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1969 1____________ — 1660-48,
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 1970 1_________ ____ _______ 1660-70,
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19701____________________ 1660-60,
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1970____________________ _ 1685-19,
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1970 1___ _________ _ 1660-77,
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—
Mass.,
May 1970_ ________ ____________ ________ _ 1660-72,
_
_
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1970 1___________________ _ 1685-12,
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1970 1____________________ 1660-65,
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only),
Aug. 1970___ _______________ ________________ 1685-7,
Rockford, 111., May 1970 1 _____________________ 1660-75,
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1970__________________ 1660-66,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1969 1________________ 1660-30,
San Antonio, Tex., May 1970_-------------------------------------- 1660-71,
San Be rnardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1969-__________ ____ ___________________ _ 1660-43,
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1970_________________,---- 1685-20,
_
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1969 1 ----------------- 1660-33,
San Jose, Calif., Aug. 1970____________________ 1685-13,
Savannah, Ga., May 1970 1___________ __________ 1660-80,
Scranton, Pa., July 1970 1 _________ ____________ 1685-3,
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1970:_______________ 1660-52,
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Sept. 1969_________________ 1660-14,
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1970 1-------------------------------------- 1660-62,
Spokane, Wash., June 1970 1 --------------------------------------- 1660-86,
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1970---------.---------- ---------------------- 1685-8,
Tampar-St. Petersburg, Fla., Nov. 1970---------------------- 1685-17,
Toledo, Ohicr-Mich., Feb. 1970_________________ 1660-56,
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1970 1 _________ __________ — 1685- 15,
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1970_______.___________ 1685-9,
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Sept. 1969 1.—
,----------------- 1660-19,
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1970 1------------------------------------ 1660-54,
Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 1970__---------------------------------------- 1660-45,
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1970 1 _
--------------------------------------- 1660-69,
Worcester, Mass., May 1970 1 _____________ — — 1660-78,
York, Pa., Feb. 19701________________________ 1660-63,
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov, 1969 1---------------------- 1660-38,

35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
75 cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
45 cents
60 cents
35cents
50cents
30cents
40cents
30 cents
35cents
40cents
30cents
35cents
40cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30 cents
50cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
30 cents
30cents
30cents
35 cents
30 cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
35 cents
35cents
35cents

U .S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N. D C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PE N A LTY FOR P R IV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR

--------------------------- *
------------------------- 1
FIRST CLASS M AIL

I

_ _________________________I