View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

. 2 .3 :
AREA WAGE SURVEY
M e m p h is , T e n n e s s e e —A rk a n s a s , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
N o v e m b e r 1973
Bulletin 1795-11




gasmen & Montgomery Co,
public Library
%

jiiJL-i 5974
00ei3<‘' PIT W ’lPOTW
W

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
i Bureau of Labor Statistics




ANNOUNCEMENT
Beginning with the 1795 series, Area Wage Surveys will be
issued as bulletins (for sale) only every third year.
These bulletins
will contain information on establishment practices and supplementary
benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years, supplements
containing data on earnings only will be issued free. Supplements
can be obtained from BLS Regional Offices listed on the back cover
of this publication.

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a November 1973 survey of occupational earnings
and supplementary wage benefits in the Memphis, Tennessee—
Arkansas, Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area (Shelby County, Tenn.; and Crittenden County, Ark.). The survey was made
as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The program
is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional
estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (l) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 94 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits, collected every second year in the
past, is now obtained every third year. Results of the next two annual surveys, providing
earnings data only, will be issued as free supplements to this bulletin. The supplements
may be obtained from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two sum­
mary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area
surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Memphis survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, Ga.,
under the general direction of Donald M . Cruse, Associate Assistant Regional Director for
Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the
many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information
in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the
Memphis area are available for laundry and dry cleaning (November 1973) and moving and
storage (November 1973). Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades,
printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and
grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional
offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA W AGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1795-11

v

April 1974

U.S. D E P A R TM E N T OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M em phis, Tennessee—Arkansas, M etropolitan Area, November 1973
C O N TEN TS
Page
2 Introduction
Tables:
A.
3
5
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
21

Earnings:
Weekly earnings of office workers
A - 1.
Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers
A - 2.
A - 3.
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
A - 4.
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
A - 5.
A - 6.
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex
A - 7.
Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups and percents of increase for selected periods
A - 8.
Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts

B. Establ ishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks
B -2 .
Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
B -3.
Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers
B -4.
Annual paid holidays
B -4a. Identification of major paid holidays
Paid vacation provisions
B -5.
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions
B -6 .

23 Appendix A. Scope and method of survey
26 Appendix B. Occupational descriptions




F o r ta le b y th s S u p e r in te n d e n t o * D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ice , W a s h in g to n , D C. 2 0 4 0 2 . G P O B o o k s t o r e s , o r
B L S R e g io n e l O ff ic e s lis t e d o n b e c k c o v e r. P r ic e 6 5 c e n ts . M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le t o S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts .

1

Introduction
This area is 1 of 94 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

plant workers.
The first of these, table A -7 , measures changes in
average earnings of the four occupational groups over time.
Where
possible, data are presented for all industries and manufacturing.
Table A - 8 presents another measure of wage movements. The percents
of change reported for the occupational groups are computed to eliminate
changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among estab­
lishments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey
samples. Where possible, data also are presented for nonmanufacturing.
Appendix A discusses more fully differences between these tables.
B -series tables
The B -se r ie s tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office w orkers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.

A -se r ie s tables
Tables A - l through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 22 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or m ore.

Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides
information on the scope of the area survey. It also provides infor­
mation on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

Following the occupational wage tables are two tables providing
indexes and percents of change in average earnings of office clerical
workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance workers, and unskilled




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f ---

t

t
65

s

s

s

%

Median 4

(standard

M iddle ranged

i

%

$

%

*

%

s

%

t

$

i

s
S
t
230
240
250

70

75

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

70

weekly

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

75

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22 0

230

240

250

260

*

-

-

“

4
4
~

49
12
“

-

8

-

-

-

*

*

17
17
17

3
3
3

-

“

“

-

*

18
18
18

8
8
8

“

“

7
7

7
7

19
8

11
11

1
1

2
2

-

37
8
29

25
3
22

33
2
31

7
2
5

32
17
15

17
4
13

6
2
4

-

1

27

35
2
33
-

54
12
42
-

57
35
22
2

43
14
29
5

38
13
25
-

22
10
12
-

35
15
20
7

23
15
8

11
2

10
l

27
-

9

9

9
5
4
3

3
2
1
1

6
4
2
2

4
4
3

4
4
-

15
10
5

3
2
1

-

-

and
under

HEN ANO WO ME N COMBINED
BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

107
62
46

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

47
36

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

$
1 2 5 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0

$
$
1 0 2 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 - 2 3 5 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0 - 2 3 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 2 .5 0 1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0

193
38
155

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 1 2 1 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0

*

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------- —
PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

397
137
260
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 3 .5 0 1 3 4 .0 0 1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0 1 4 2 .5 0 1 2 3 .5 0 - 1 7 2 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 1 1 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 1 6 9 .5 0 1 3 4 .5 0 - 2 2 2 .5 0

~

_
-

~

1
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

646
177
469

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 4 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0 1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0

9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0

-

10
10

3
3

56
3
53

126
23
103

123
41
82

94
37
57

96
22
74

54
16
38

28
10
18

36
11
25

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

81
62

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

8 6 . 0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

8
8

-

-

36
22

18
13

11
11

-

5
5

1
1

_
“

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

187
152

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 6 . 5 0 - 8 7 .0 0

13
13

16
14

40
40

87
60

24
20

1

-

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

321
71
250

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 0 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0 1 2 1 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

20
20

1
1

16
18

36
12
24

59
22
37

27
12
15

62
3
59

28
5
23

15
8
7

12
2
10

30
1
29

_
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

6
6

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

138
57
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 2 .0 0 1 3 4 .0 0 1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 6 6 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 1 4 7 .5 0 1 1 9 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

-

-

_
-

1
l
-

18
7
11

11
4
7

13
3
10

17
6
n

25
5
20

7
4
3

10
10
-

3
2
1

7
7
-

6
4
2

_
-

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

278
65
213

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0 1 1 3 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0 1 2 4 .5 0 1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

-

-

_
-

-

52
1
51

75
13
62

43
6
37

51
16
35

7
1
6

13

8
8
-

16
5
11

_
.

10

-

i

i
i
-

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

542
64
478
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 3 .5 0 1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0 1 0 3 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0 1 5 3 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

“

.
-

6
6
-

13
2
11
-

164
9
155
-

183
31
152
-

70
14
56
-

21
7
14
-

20
1
19
6

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

173
26
147

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0

-

3
3

10

40
10
30

30
1
29

10
1

6

53
6
47

9

11
2
9

9
2
7

-

-

4

-

-

-

2

SECRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------- -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

242
295
947
33

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 3 .0 0 1 2 8 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0 1 3 6 .5 0 1 1 8 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0 1 2 5 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0 1 6 8 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

8
•8
-

-

-

11

83
14
69
-

191
20
171
“

220
52
168
“

137
31
106
2

206
54
152
6

127
37
90
3

70
33
37
3

51
6
45
4

35
12
23
2

14
10
4
i

23
3
20
6

23
7
16
-

18
5
13
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

131
44
87

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 4 .0 0 1 4 2 .0 0 1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 1 3 8 .0 0 1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 5 2 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 1 4 4 .0 0 1 3 3 .0 0 - 1 6 0 .5 0

-

-

-

*

20
11

4
4

38
14
24

20
5
15

22
9
13

20
2
18

_
-

4
3
1

3
.
3

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s

$
4 0 .0 1 5 6 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 9 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 2 2 .5 0

9 5 . 50
9 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

_

36
36

-

_

4

-

-

-

11
-

-

“

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




3

-

*

9

*

-

i

15
7
8
i

i
i

_
-

i
i

-

-

-

_
-

-

i
i

_

-

1
l

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

_
-

-

1
1

-

_
-

-

-

8
2
6

2
2
-

3
3

4
4

3
3

-

-

_
-

-

-

1
I

i
i

-

_
-

-

i

5

8

9

5

14

_

u

4

13

8

6

3

1

5
2

14
7

-

u
3

4

13
I

-

8
-

6
2

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

2

1

_

-

-

4

-

-

-

I

-

10
8
2
1

7

-

7
-

8
3
5
5

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

*

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)______

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
(

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

t

65

t

t

t

70

75

80

75

80

90

(

i

t

(

(

i

S

«

I

(

t

t

(

t

I

(

90

100

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

100

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

260

8
8

15
1
16

37
9
28

28
6
26

71
8
63

33
5
28

16
6
10

9
2
7

13
8
5

2
2
-

6
2
2

2
2
-

4

-

2

-

-

-

4

-

2

11
11
-

18
18

31
6
25

36
8
26

68
11
37

38
26
16

26
15
11

13
1
12

12
1
11

2
1
1

10
1
9

-

12
5
7

8
6
2

-

n

36

8
l
7

6
2
2

6

i
i

2
1
1

9
5
4

25
1
26

an d
under

70

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINEDCO NTINUED
SE CR ET AR IE S - C O NT IN UE D
$

$

$

$

SECRETARIES, CLASS B MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----

253
50
203

39.5 136.50 135.00 119.00-167.50
8
60.0 156.00 167.50 12 3. 50 177.50
39.5 132.00 133.50 117.50163.00 8

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

283
90
193

163.00
39.5 169.00 160.00 1 2 5. 00 60.0 167.00 165.00 1 2 8. 00 153.00
39.5 150.00 138.00 123.50-172.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —

565
101

60.0 119.50 115.00 1 0 3. 50 - 128.50
60.0 126.00 1 2 2 . 0 0 111.00-136.00
127.00
60.0 118.00 113.50 1 0 2 . 5 0 -

n
n

66
3
61

158
19
139

132
26
106

71
19
52

69
21
28

33

8
5
3

9

666

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------

291
133

NONMANUFACTURING

17
17

26
5
19

69
26
23

69
28
21

68
30
18

62
20
22

23
12
11

15
6
11

9
5
4

2
2

158

136.00
39.5 126.50 121.50 1 0 5. 50 60.0 126.00 1 2 2 . 0 0 112.00-133.50
3 9 .5
1 2 6.50
119.50 1 0 1 . 5 0 1 3 9.50

206
50
156

39.5 151.50 165.50 1 2 2. 50 188.50
39.0 150.00 167.50 136.00-170.00
196.00
60.0 152.00 161.00 1 2 0. 50 -

7
7

20
20

15
6
11

31
6
27

19
7
12

33
18
15

11
2
9

7
3
6

5
5

9
7

6
2

—

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

76
71

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

273
80
193

60.0
60.0

99.00
97.50

98.00
97.50

86.0083.00-

109.00
107.50

-

61
30

60.0 110.00 106.50
60.0 100.00 102.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A

62

8
8
30

-

-

30

46
10
36

13
11

11
6

38.5 129.50 118.50 105.00-151.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B M A N U FA CT UR IN G N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

See

fo o tn o te s

225

58
167

39.5 1 1 0 .0 0
60.0 102.50
39.5 113.00

96.50
96.50
97.50

93.0087.00-

119.50
118.00

88.00115.50 6
90.00117.50
87.50-116.00
6

16
16
95
22
73

62
25
17

12
10
2

12
7

11
2

2
10

3
2
1

4

1
8

6

6

11

12

69
11
38

53
19
36

32
5
27

22
9
13

_

6
1
5

2

_

2

-

-

1

4

2

1

_

3

_

4

2

1

-

3

-

5
1
4

12

1

4
.

-

2

-

1

4

2

-

12

_

1

2

10

6

-

6

6

1
6

l

-

-

4

2
6
4
2

-

4

5

10
6

6
12

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




26
23

11

8
39.5 109.00 103.00
9 6 . 0 0 - 115.50
60.0 117.00 116.00 106.00-122.00
39.5 105.50 1 0 1 . 0 0
90.00106.50 8

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------

8
8

11

6
6

3

u

3
3
-

-

6

10
8

2

2

1

8

2

2

1 7

7

-

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Memphis, Tenn.—A rk., November 1973
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o£

1

Average
weekly

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

*
90
and

(standard)

under

100

*

t

100

110

_

_

110

120

i
120
_

130

i
130 140

t

-

-

-

140 150

t
150

t
160
-

160 170

t
170

-

t
180

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS 8 --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

194
27
167

$
$
40.0 195.50 174.50 16 0. 50 40.0 185.00 171.00 154.50-

180

190

254.00
203.00

40.0 144.50 L35.50 12 6. 50 40.0 157.00 161.00 1 3 5. 00 40.0 142.00 135.00 12 6. 00 -

151.00
174.00
143.00

10 5. 00 -

53
42

152.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

40.0 193.00 186.50 17 1. 00 40.0 185.00 182.00 1 7 0. 00 -

4
60

40.0 218.00 2 2 2 .0 0 206.00-232.50
40.0 217.00 221.50 205.50-232.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------MA NUFACTURING ----------------

210.00
199.50
3

185.00-223.50
113
59

40.0 170.00 170.50 1 5 4. 00 40.0 181.50 182.50 16 5. 00 -

24

184.50
197.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------

40.0 113.50 115.00

NURSES,

40.0 183.50 178.50 162.00-201.00

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

99.50-123.50

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




5

t
200

t

i
210

220

s
230

t
240

s
250

t
260

-

HEN AN0 WOMEN COMBINED
CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

190

23
15

t
270

t
200

t
290

a n (j

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

oyer

Table A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S
WOMEN— CONT IN UE D
$
39.5 140.50
39.5 142.50
39.5 139.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

100
42
58

40.0 165.50 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
40.0 159.00
MA NU FACTURING --40.5 170.00
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

269
64
205

40.0 119.50
40.0 134.50
40.0 115.00

541
64
477
25

40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

113.50
106.00!
114.50
171.50

76
60

39.5
39.5

97.50
99.00

1,238
293
945
31

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

132.50
140.50
130.00
170.00

4
-

26
97
87

106.00

39.5 103.50
39.5 104.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS)
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------

OF FI CE OCCUPA TI ON S - WOMEN

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

SECRETARIES ----------MA NU FACTURING ----117.-60
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

131
44
87

39.5 144.00
40.0 139.50
39.5 146.00

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

193
38
155

38.5 101.00
40.0 113.50
98.00
38.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---

252
49
203

39.5 136.00
40.0 153.00!
39.5 132.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------

297
95
202

39.5 136.00
40.0 146.50
39.5 131.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -

281
89
192

39.5 148. 50l
40.0 146.00
39.5 150.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

620
162
458

39.5 114.00
40.0 123.00
39.5 111.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS
MA NUFACTURING ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -

564
101
463

40.0 119.00
40.0 124.00
40.0 118.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------

77
58

39.0
38.5

93.50
94.50

40.0
40.0

86.50
86.00

290
133
157

39.5 124.50
40.0 124.00!
39.5 125.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C .
--------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------

185
150

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------

298
56
242

40.0 118.50
39.5 116.00
40.0 119.00

*

206
50
156

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANU FA CT UR IN G ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

S ee fo o tn o te a t en d o f t a b le s .

6

76
71

38.5 131.00
38.5 134.50

FISTS, CLASS B --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

215
56
159

39.5 105.50
40.0 101.50
39.5 106.50

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

50
39

40.0 192.00
40.0 179.50

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

161
138

40.0 146.50
40.0 144.50

25

39.5 144.50

BUSINESS, CLASS A NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

86
77

40.0 218.50
40.0 217.50

BUSINESS, CLASS B NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

66
47

40.0 198.00
40.0 187.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A

58

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING —

101
57

40.0 172.50
40.0 182.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C

58

115.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN— CO NTINUED

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C

39.5 151.50
39.0 150.00
40.0 152.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMP UT ER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------

25

40.0
40.0

NURSES,

30

99.0o)
97.50

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

205.00

179.00
183.50

O

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

59
50

O

SECRETARIES, CLASS <
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----NONMANUF AC TU RI NG —

5I STS * CLASS A --NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

>
*

39.0 102.50
39.0 102.50

40.0 110.00
40.0 100.00

O

45
34

61
30

GENERAL --------MA NUFACTURING

O

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

$
39.5 109.00
40.0 117.00
39.5 105.50

*

69

o
o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------

271
80
191

MANUFA CT UR IN G --NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

O

133
5*
79

o
o

J
40.0 $
227.501 CLERKS, PAYROLL ---40.0 227.50!
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --40.0 22 7 . 50j
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

Weekly
hours*
standard)

OF FI CE OC CUPATIONS
WO ME N— CO NTINUED

38
38
38

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---

Number
of
workers

*

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S - HEN,
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------




Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

O

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

*

umber
of

O

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Memphis, Tenn.—A rk., November 1973
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earning

Hourly earnings3

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workers

of--

i
%
t
%
t
*
t
t
1
i
*
*
*
t
$
$
t
$
2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3 .20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60
and
under

t

Number
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

%
5 .

t
*
t
80 6.00 6.20 6.40

and

-

2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 .40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6. 00 6.20 6.40

over

HEN ANO WOMEN COMB IN ED
CARPENTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E --MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------

66
38
28

$
4.87
4.70
5.10

$
4.94
4.95
4.95

$
$
4.19- 5.47
4.24- 5.44
4.11- 6.07

ELECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

269
262

5.34
5.37

5.40
5.41

4.93- 5.79
4.97- 5.90

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

146
102
44

4.67
5.21
3.39

4.84
4.98
3.08

3.38- 5.50
4.80- 5.63
3.03- 3.40

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ■
MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

127
119

3.69
3.70

3.85
3.84

2.39- 4.65
2.39- 4.66

12
12

22
20

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MA NU FACTURING ------------

103
78

3.74
3.67

3.99
3.94

3.08- 4.26
3.05- 4.25

2
2

2
2

*

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --MA NUFACTURING ------------

150
146

5.02
5.02

5.23
5.23

4.68- 5.42
4.59- 5.43

-

-

-

”

*

*
4

-

*

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

548
94
454
400

5.56
4.58
5.76

4.963.865.215.29-

-

-

1
1
-

10
2

-

-

5 .9 9

6.05
4.58
6.30
6.34

-

-

*

-

*

2

1

2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

1,113
1,113

4.86
4.86

4.83
4.83

4.42- 5.39
4.42- 5.39

_

2
2

10
10

4
4

38
38

21
21

33
33

MI LLWRIGHTS -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

138
138

5.53
5.53

5.47
5.47

4.69- 6.34
4.69- 6.34

_

2

*

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------

31

5.27

5.39

4.78- 5.75

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

139
139

5.22
5.22

5.35
5.35

4.67- 5.46
4.67- 5.46

73

5 .3 2

73

5.32

4.91
4.91

4.63- 6.62
4.63- 6.62

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------ *

*
**
t
t
S ee

A ll w o r k e r s w
W ork ers w ere
W ork ers w ere
A ll w o r k e r s w
fo o tn o te s

at

e r e at $ 6 .4 0
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
e r e at $ 6 .6 0

to
as
as
to

$ 6 .6 0 .
fo llo w s :
fo llo w s :
$ 6 .8 0 .

6.51
5.34
6.53
6.54

-

-

1
1

1
1
-

5
5

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

4
4

-

_

-

-

-

4
4
“

-

2
2

7

_

*

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

5
5

23
23

6
6

6
6

4
4

1
-

13
13

-

“

8
8

7

10
10

-

11
11

6
-

8
8

-

4
4

_

-

5
-

13
10

6

5

3

6

7

10
10

*

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

"

“

8

-

1

-

4

8

23
22

36
36

61
61

10
10

_

-

7

9
8

-

-

10
9
i

28
28
-

_

24
22
2

7

-

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

44
44

4
4

-

-

_

“

*

-

-

-

-

2
3

5
4
1

1
1
“

2
1

2
2

-

8
8

13
11

24
23

-

-

-

4
4

“

4
4
*
.

*
9
4
5

-

"
27
23
4

2

i
i

2

1
1

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

i

-

-

*

“

i

1
1

~

-

“
-

“

5
“

1
-

20
13

-

-

-

2
_

6
6

7

-

4

1
l
-

5
-

1
1

*64
64

5

**20
20
-

-

44
32

4
“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

9
9

6
6

4
*

26
26

1
1

40
40

23
23

8

_

-

9

3

9

3

18

-

2
7

3
15

48
4
44

14
7
7

1

11

27

21
11
10
10

66

7
2
74
74

75
75

89
89

155

1
1

_
“

3
3

30
30

1

1

4

-

-

-

-

1
1

“

4
4

7

-

-

5

1

-

9 a t $ 6 . 4 0 t o $ 6 . 6 0 ; 10 a t $ 6 . 6 0 t o $ 6 . 8 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 6 . 8 0 t o $ 7 .
155 a t $ 6 . 4 0 t o $ 6 . 6 0 ; 3 a t $ 6 . 8 0 t o $ 7 .

-

-

1
-

2

*

end o f t a b le s .




4
4

-

-

7

11
11
-

1

-

1

2
-

12
12

12
54
54

_

_

-

-

-

7

40
40

2

_

2

-

8
8

28
28

-

1

6

5

44
44

12
12

1
1

20
20

8
8

19
19

8
8

-

”

11
11

57

79 t l 5 8
9
70
158

57
-

57

70

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

149
149

202
202

58

“

-

70
70

58

155

8

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

60
60

6

-

-

1

43
43

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

-

_

-

.

158

83
83
-

3
-

$22
22

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of-s
s
i
$
t
t
i
i
*
t
t
%
t
$
t
$
i
t
t
s
$
t
t
1.50 1. 60 1 .80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4 .60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

Hourly earnings3
Number
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

-

and

1.60 1 80 ? f0Q 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4 .80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5»80 over

HEN AND WO ME N COMBINED
JANITORS, PORTERS, ANU CLEANERS --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

2,060
516
1,544
54

$
2.20
3.23
1.85
3. 16

$
1.79
3.05
1.69
3.08

$
1.662.551.642.64-

$
2.53
4.10
2.01
3.71

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

2,642
1,586
1,056
302

3.10
3.23
2.92
3.25

2.86
3.03
2.66
2.48

2.512.552.372.16-

3.50
3.58
3.28
4.26

_
-

4
4

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1, 108
176
932

3.40
3.46
3.39

2.94
3.17
2.89

2.46- 4.46
2.75- 3.97
2.43- 4.73

-

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

713
419
294

3.25
3.28
3.21

3.00
3.31
2.97

2.51- 3.95
2.52- 3.96
2.45- 3.81

R E CE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

197
52
145

3.82
3.61
3.89

3.64
3.46
3.87

SH IPPING CL ERKS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

135
38
97

4.09
3.72
4.24

SH IPPING AND RE CE IV IN G CLERKS ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

89
78

TR UC KD RI VE RS
------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

172
84
88
-

71
33
38
7

101
65
36
6

63
43
20
2

31
19
12
9

26
20
6
5

32
24
8
3

35
16
19
13

44
44
-

119
114
5
-

7
7
1

15
15
“

15
13
2
2

“

50
50
35

199
122
77
61

215
56
159
30

500
320
180
32

279
179
100
“

278
105
173
-

173
146
27

90
59
31
-

230
208
22
-

45
10
35
~

61
33
28
“

28
25
3
“

171
40
131
120

no
100
10
10

103
95
8
1

87
82
5
*

6
6
“

*

.
-

-

84
84

123
3
120

139
22
117

88
27
61

162
17
145

75
29
46

25
8
17

14
14

29
16
13

57
16
41

15
15

19
19

6
6

27
20
7

23
23

22
10
12

176
176

”

8
8

16

.
-

6
6

-

41
9
32

101
74
27

116
82
34

39
16
23

55
19
36

42
5
37

63
48
15

10
10

6
6
-

97
88
9

17
12
5

43
38
5

_
-

1
1
“

*

55
55

*

*

3
3
*

18
18
*

3.09- 4.82
3.17- 4.08
2.95- 5.21

-

_
-

-

3
3

3
3

7
7

20
1
19

4
4

28
16
12

16
1
15

16
14
2

5
1
4

n
ii

18
10
8

8
4
4

8
5
3

_
-

8
8

1
1

VO
40

1
1

*

4.25
3.88
4.99

2.88- 5.24
2.88- 4.28
2.89- 5.25

_
“

_
-

_
-

-

15
6
9

12
12

9
5
4

10
6
4

5
1
4

_
•
-

-

4
2
2

7
7

12
11
1

3
3

-

6
3
3

1
1
~

51
3
48

-

-

“

3.62
3.82

3.63
3.66

3.14- 3.79
3.18- 3.83

-

-

*

-

11
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

2
2

30
30

5
5

-

2
2

“

4
4

2
2

-

-

26
26

“

1
1

6
6

2,395
427
1,968
1,232

4.64
3.45
4.90
5.91

4.43
3.62
6.31
6.34

3.042.793.106.31-

6.34
3.68
6.35
6.37

“

3
3
“

11
11

13
13
“

150
65
85
“

155
23
132
21

145
19
126
“

100
10
90
*

138
42
96
“

43
25
18

9
2
7
“

159
159
”

5
4
1

44
a
33
*

200
2
198
198

91
91
“

9
7
2
1

18
16
2
~

42
42
“

4
4

-

-*1056

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- --------

225
42
183

2.95
3.30
2.86

3.03
3. 13
2.94

2.49- 3.16
2.78- 3.63
2.37- 3.15

”

3
3

11
11

*

39
39

12
1
11

34
12
22

11
1
10

87
15
72

9
2
7

*

4
4
”

“

*

“

“

9
7
2

2
2

“

TR UCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

678
122
556
266

3.85
2.92
4.06
5.44

3. 16
3.01
4.06
6.32

2.592.382.664.26-

4.30
3.29
6.32
6.36

-

*

”

“

41
l
40
“

28
22
6
*

1
1
“

44
11
33
“

90
90
90

-

-

94
2
92
“

2
2

-

86
22
64
12

17
17

-

81
35
46
“

_

-

13
13
“

_

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

l, 160
56
1.104
935

5.53
2.80
5.67
6.04

6.33
2.40
6.34
6.34

4.292.356.306.31-

6.37
3.35
6.37
6.37

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
1
12

48
8
40

19
1
18

17
6
11

-

-

30
30
-

57

-

MANUFACTURING

*

--------------------------

91
91

_

_

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 6 .2 0 t o $ 6 . 4 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




8

-

57
9

-

9
2
7
“

8
8
-

“

_

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

no
2
108
108

1

“

181
22
159
5

12 1044
4
12 1040
-

1
1
-

*
-

-

13
13
13

“

16

_
“

- 1056
- 1012
4
4

_

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

-

*
-

”

- *164
-

164
164

_

_

_

-

- *858

-

-

-

-

-

858
818

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings3

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
woikers

1
$
1.50 1.50
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
t
t
1.80 2.00 2.20

t
I
2.50 2.50

S
t
2.80 3.00

t
1
3.20 3.50

i
i
i
3.60 3 . 8 0 5 . 0 0

t
s
5.20 5.50

i
t
5.60 5.80

*
t
1
i
5.00 5.20 5.50 5.60

and
under

i

5.80
and

1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.50 3.60 3.80 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5.50 5.60 5.80 5.00 5.20 5.50 5.60 5.80 over

HEN AND WOMEN C O M B I N E D CONT IN UE D

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY IOVER 5 TONS,
OTHER TH AN TRAILER TYPE) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

233
203

$
5.25
3.94

$
3.68
3.67

$
$
3.65- 5.03
3.63- 5.91

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,533
1,056
387
158

3.78
3.95
3.36
3.83

3.52
3.69
2.68
2.66

2.632.722.572.55-

5.06
5.07
5.21
6.33

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

277
259

3.97
3.98

5.19
5.25

3.17- 5.75
3.13- 5.76

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

56
35

3.32
3.39

3.36
3.37

2.59- 5.16
2.68- 5.19

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

15
15
-

"

_

_
“

-

*

-

155
75
71
25

6
6

35
35
3

-

-

-

*

-

-

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 6 . 2 0 t o $ 6 .4 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




9

-

155
79
66
50

_
10
6

5
5

-

5

_

-

4

-

208
113
95
35

51
30
21

67
52
25

78
78
-

-

67
61
6

153
153

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

56
55
1

29
25
5

28
28

51
37
15

-

7

_

5

11
11

11
11

11
11

8
8

-

4

5
4

_

_

-

-

11
11

4
4

2
-

18
_

-

_

7

52
52

6
6

29
29

2
2

8
8

-

_

-

*30
*

-

-

121
68
*53
53

“

“

*

-

.

_

-

15
15

38
38

15
9
5
5

6
6
*

355
332
13
“

-

-

“

~

55
55

16
16

18
18

8
8

2

-

-

3
3

8
8

_

_




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number (mean^)
of
hourly
wod e s earnings3
er

M A IN TE NA NC E AND POWERPC ANT
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

66
38
28

$
4.87
4.70
5.10

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

269
262

5.34
5.37

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

146
102
44

4.67
5.21
3.39

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

127
119

3.69
3.70

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

101
76

3.77
3.71

M A C H IN IS T S ,

150
146

S ex,

-----------------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1.113
1.113

MI LLWRIGHTS --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

31

3 .8 2

52
142

3 .6 1
3 .9 0

SHIPPING CL ER KS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

133
36

4 .0 8

97

4 .2 4

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

89

3 .6 2
3 .8 2

TRUCKDRIVERS
-----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

2 ,3 9 5
427

4 .6 4

1 ,9 6 8
1 ,2 3 2

4 .9 0
5 .9 1

225
42

2 .9 5
3 .3 0

183

2.86

139
139

5.22
5.22

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

73
73

5.32
5.32

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNOER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

5.27

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,417
443
974
35

2.35
3.29
1.92
3.41

LABORERS, MATERIAL HA NDLING -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

2,631
1,582
1,049
302

3.10
3.23
2.91
3.25

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

962
170
792

3.53
3.49
3.54

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG --- ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

537
352
185

3.43
3.44
3.41

S ee

fo o tn o te s

78

3 .6 5

3 .4 5

122

3 .8 5
2 .9 2

556
266

4 .0 6
5 .4 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1 ,1 6 0
56
1 ,1 0 4

5 .5 3
2 .8 0
5 .6 7

935

6 .0 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

4.86
4.86

CUST OD IA L AND MATERIAL HANDLING
O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

$
194

138

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE ---------------

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

RECE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

400

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

Number
of
wodters

CUST OD IA L AND MATERIAL HA NDLING
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN— CO NTINUED

5.02
5.02

M AIN TEN AN C E

MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

233
203

4 .2 5
3 .9 4

1 ,4 3 2
1 ,0 4 5

3 .7 8
3 .9 4

387

3 .3 6
3 .8 3

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

678

158

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

277

3 .9 7

259

3 .9 8

WAREHO US EM EN -------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

46
35

3 .3 2
3 .3 9

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

643
73

2 .9 0

570

1 .7 5

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

146

2 .5 5

140

2 .5 5

PACKERS, SH IPPING -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

176

2 .7 1
2 .8 7

CUST OD IA L AND MATERIAL HANOLING
OC CUPATIONS - WOMEN

a t en d o f t a b le s .

10

109

1.88

Table A-7. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups in Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark.,
November 1972 and November 1973, and percents of increase for selected periods
M a n u fa c tu r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s
W e e k ly e a r n in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n an d
w om en)

H o u r ly e a r n in g s
S k il le d
m a in te n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

W e e k ly e a r n in g s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

In d e x e s (J a n u a ry 1 967*100)

N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 3 __________

____________________________

1 4 1 .6
1 5 1 .1

1 5 2 .1
1 7 0 .7

1 4 8 .8
1 6 1 .9

1 4 8 .9
1 5 2 .6

1 3 8 .3
1 4 7 .3

*
*

1 4 4 .1
1 5 6 .1

1 5 8 .6
1 6 2 .7

*
*
*

3 .7
4 .6
2 .5
4 .6
1 .7
5 .9
8 .4
8 .5

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e
4 .7
5 .7
2 .3
2 .9
2 .7
3 .7
5 .8
3 .9




2 .0
7 .3
3 .0
3 .9
1 .3
6 .2
5 .6
1 0 .7

3 .9
7 .4
1 .7
2 .8
3 .0
3 .0
4 .2
3 .1

*
*
♦
*
*

5 .0
4 .0
3 .5
3 .2
2 .6
3 .2
6 .1
5 .4

6 .1
7 .4

5 .7
6 .9

5 .6
6 .8

5 .5
6 .6

5 .6
6 .8

6 .1
7 .4

5 .9
7 .1

5 .4
7 .7
6 .6
5 .7
6 .7

*

4 .2
4 .9
3 .5
2 .6
2 .9
2 .9
6 .2
6 .1

6 .5
7 .8

J a n u a ry 1968 to N o v e m b e r

4 .2
2 .3
3 .9
. 5 .9
0
2 .6
7 .0
6 .0

1 1 .6
6 .3
8 .0
5 .5
1 2 .2

5 .4
8 .1
7 .3
8 .5
8 .8

5 .3
9 .0
4 .4
6 .3
2 .5

7 .2
7 .2
5 .7
4 .7
6 .5

1 2 .2
6 .9
*

4 .7
7 .5
6 .6
7 .4
8 .3

6 .0
1 1 .7
7 .4
8 .5
2 .6

1968:

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n

c r it e r ia .

N O T E : T h is m e a s u r e o f w a g e ch a n g e s w ill b e d is c o n tin u e d
b e g i n n in g J u l y 1 9 7 4 .
It w i l l b e r e p l a c e d b y t h e m e a s u r e p r e s e n t e d
in t a b l e A - 8 .

1
1

*
*




Table A-8. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in Memphis,
Tenn.—Ark., November 1972 to November 1973
O c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p

A ll in d u s tr ie s

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____________ —______ ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____________
__ _
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s ( m e n ) ________________________
U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n ) _________ _______ _______

*

D a ta d o

n ot m e e t p u b lic a tio n

8 .2
1 2 .0
8 .2
7 .3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

5 .6
*
7 .9
6 .7

c r it e r ia .

NOTE:
T a b l e A - 8 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s t e d to e x c l u d e th e e f f e c t o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s .
T h e n ew m eth od
f o r c o m p u t in g w a g e t r e n d s is b a s e d o n c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s
r e p o r t i n g t h e i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ,
h o ld in g e s t a b lis h m e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e j o b s c o n s t a n t .
T h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s a r e n o t li n k e d t o t h e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s b e c a u s e t h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s t h e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s m e a s u r e
c h a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s .
O th e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f th e n e w w a g e t r e n d s w h ic h d i f f e r f r o m
th e c u r r e n t o n e s in c lu d e (1 ) e a r n in g s d a ta o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
a r e c o n v e r t e d to an h o u r ly b a s i s , a n d (2 ) t r e n d e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d f o r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
e s t a b li s h m e n t s .
F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f th e n e w m e th o d u s e d t o c o m p u te a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
i n d e x e s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n t h ly L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 ,
p p. 5 2 -5 7 .

12

9 .2
*
*
7 .5

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u f a c t u r in g
M in i m u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 4

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d —

---------------------- ------------

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m U nder
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

XXX

118

----------------

183

65

...... - ■ ■ ■
■■

35

9

9

26

1

-

-

$ 6 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________ ______ ___
a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------- -----------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ________________________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _______ — -----------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ----------------------------- -----------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 _________________________________ - —
a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------- -----------a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ___ _ ---------- ----------------- -----a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ----- --------------------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ________________________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ______________________________
a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________
--------- - — a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ------- -----------a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 .................
.................................

25

23

46

36

-

-

-

-

i
2
1
7

-

1

1
2
1
7

-

-

-

-

5
2

5
2

5
2
5
2

3
3

3
3

6

2
1
5
2
5

3

1
3

2
3

-

1

2
-

1
-

3

1

1

1
1
3
1

3
1
3

3
1
3

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

6
1

3

5
2
10

3
5
2
5
1
2

-

1
1
6

2

2

2

1
1
2

1
-

1

3

3

1

2

1

4

4

1

1

1
1

-

2
6
2
2

1

4

1

1
2

1
“
2

4
2
3
1
4

1
1
3
1
1

6

XXX

34

12

XXX

22

XXX

86

XXX

78

28

XXX

50

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m -------------------------

12

6

XXX

136

50

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




71

-

-

1
1

--------------

19

-

1
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y
---------------------------------------------------------------

XXX

-

2
1
3

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

118

-

1

40

XXX

2
6
1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

65

-

.

40

183

XXX

1
2

u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 --------- — ------- ----u n d e r $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------- — —
u n d e r $ 1 1 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------- ------u n d e r $ 1 2 0 . 0 0 — - ---------_ -------------------------u n d e r $ 1 2 5 .0 0 ---------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 1 3 0 .0 0 -------------------------------------------- ---------u n d e r $ 1 3 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------- ---------------—
o v e r ——__________ — ---------------------------------------------- —

$ 1 0 0 .0 0
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll

M a n u f a c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

13

4
9

2




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ■ 1 0 0 p e r c e n t)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r la t e s h ifts

L a te -s h ift p ay p r o v is io n

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g o n la t e s h ift s

S e c o n d s h ift

T o t a l_____

____________

___________

___

N o p a y d if f e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la t e s h i f t - - . —
P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h if t

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

S e c o n d s h ift

8 6 .8

7 1 .3

1 9 .1

7 .8

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 .3

3 .1

1 .2

0 .5

7 8 .5

6 8 .1

1 7 .9

7 .3

6 6 .9

5 6 .7

1 6 .1

6 .5

9 .3
8 .0

2 .1
2 .7
.6
1 4 .4
7 .2
4 .2
4 .1
9 .1
2 .0
1 .2
3 .6
1 .4
.9
2 .0

1 .8
3 .3

.2
.1
.2
.
2 .6
.4
.8
-

T y p e and a m ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h ou r)
5 c e n t s ___________________________
_____
6 c e n t s _______________________________________
7 c e n t s ____________________________________ _
8 c e n t s _______________________________________
10 rents?
___
_ .
12 c e n t s ______________________________________
13 c e n t s ______________________________________
1 33/ 4 c e n t s ------------------ --------------------------------14 c e n t s ______________________________________
15 c e n t s ______________________________________
16 c e n t s ______________________________________
17 c e n t s ______________________________________
18 c e n t s ______________________________________
2 0 c e n t s — __________________________________
22 c e n t s __ _____ ________________
27 V c e n t s ______ _
z
---------------------30 c e n t s -------------------------------------------U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________
5 p ercen t
6 p ercen t.

6 .3
2 3 .5
5 .6
3 .6
2 .0
2 .9
3 .8

-

.9

1.0
-

1 .2
5 .4
1 .3
.9
.7
.3
.8

-

.3
.2
.2

.2
-

-

.1
-

.9

-

1.0

-

.2
.2
.1
.2

6 .4

6 .4

1.0

.2

1.0

1.0

5 .4

5 .4

1.0

.2

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s

1 .2

.9

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________

4 .0

4.0

S ee fo o tn o te at en d o f ta b le s .

14

-

-

.8

.6

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s
A ll in d u s t r ie s

100

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________

35 h o u r s — 5 d a y s — ------------------------------------------36 h o u r s— 5 d a y s --------------------------- -------------------36V4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s
— ------------------------------ ------ _
37Vz h o u r s — 5 d a y s —__________________________________
38 h o u r s — 5 d a y s __________________________ __________
38 V 5 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ______ __________________
383 h o u r 8— 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------/*
40 h o u r s __________________________________ ________ _____
5 days

_

_

___

5 Va d a y s ------------------------------ —
6 d a y s _____________________________ _____
42 h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------- --42 V2 h o u r s— 5 d a y s ----------------------------- — ------ 44 h o u r s ________________________
5 d a y s ________________________ ________ —
5 V2 d a y s -------------------------------------- .
......... ..
4R h o u r s _. ._ . . . ... ....
5 d a y s _______ ______________________________ ___________
5 Vi d a y s ------------------ - ---------------------------------------------48 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------50 h o u r s — 5 d a y s —
------------ - -

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

100

100

100

1
2

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

M a n u fa c tu r in g

2

1
1
4
1
-

85
84
(!)

(’)
i
(9 )

1
1

(!>
(’)
-

3
1

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

100

100
1

1

-

95
95

-

1

(!>

O

96
96
4
-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

94
94

60
60
-

-

(!)

(9)

38

-

(!)

(9)
1
84
84
(9)
(9)
H

-

-

-

1
-

-

1
-

-

S ee fo o tn o te a t en d o f ta b le s .




)

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s _________ _ _ __ _
_ _ _____________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

94

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

6

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

-

N u m b e r o f d a y s 10
1 h o lid a y
4 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------- -----------------------5 h o l i d a y s ____________ __________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s ____________________
6 h o l i d a y s _______________________________ _______________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 o r 4 h a l f d a y s ____________________
7 h o l i d a y s ----- ---------- ------- --------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ____________________________
8 h o l i d a y s _____________ . ---------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ------------------------------ —
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ___________ — —
9 h o l i d a y s ______ —_______________________________ ______
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ______ ____ _________________
10 h o l i d a y s ___________
.
----------------------------—
—
11 h o l i d a y s _________ ______
12 h o l i d a y s ______________________ _____ __________ —
13 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

.

.

(’ )
10

-

(9)
19
1
14

n

6
7
8
“
29
47
-

(’ )
9
2
2
23
8
(!)
(’ )

3

4

17
11
4
32
16
5

.

.

.

(’ )

-

6
2

12
1
7

2
14

1

21
3
9
5
1
35
1
2

14
18
5
28
10
“

4

-

“

3

8

_
4
4
4
51
51
80
80
88
88
94
94
100
100
100

3
3
3
5

8
8
8
18
18
52
52
70
70
84
84
98
98
100
10 0
100

12
23
*
“
57
-

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 11
13 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------12 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________ 11 d a y s o r m o r e ---------- ------------------------ --------------10 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------9 l d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------- ——
/z
9 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------— ----------------8 l d a y s o r m o r e ---------- --------------- __
/z
--------- - _
8 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________
— —
7 Vi d a y s o r m o r e ----- ------------ --------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________ ______________
— _ -------------------6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________— _
_
5 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________ ______ ______
5 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________
__________
4 days or m o r e _
_ _ __ _____________ —
---------------

3
3
4
12
12
38
39
49
49
64
64
83
83
93
93
94

5
5
5

21
21
57
57
68
68
85
85
96
96
100
100
100

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




16

6
42
47
56
59
80
80
87
88
99
100
100

57
57
80
80
92
92
94
94
10 0
100
100

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays in Memphis, Tenn —Ark., November 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

H o l i d a y 10
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

-----------------------------------

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y
______________ _
_ ________ _
_
W a s h i n g t o n 's B i r t h d a y _______ _
_ ________________
G o o d F r i d a y _______________________ - ___________________
M e m o r i a l D a y ________________
F o u r t h o f J u ly _______
L a b o r D a y __________ _______ _
_ _
---------- C o l u m b u s D a y _______________________ _
_ ------ -----V e t e r a n s D a y —----------------------------—
- —
T h a n k s g i v i n g D a y _______ ________
_
D a y a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g
. .
C h r i s t m a s E v e _____________
------ — C h r i s t m a s E v e , h a l f d a y ------C h r i s t m a s D a y ______
- _
A ll w o r k in g d a y s b e tw e e n C h r is t m a s D a y
---------an d N ew Y e a r 's E v e u
..
N e w Y e a r ' s E v e ---------------- --------- ----------------------F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 1 d a y 13_________________ _______
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 2 d a y s 13
----- —
-----F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 3 d a y s 13----------------------------------------F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 4 d a y s 13------- ----------------- _
E m p l o y e e 's b i r t h d a y __________________________

91
11
24
60
93
92
-

98
12
36
83
100
99
9
100
52
63

100
45
60

100
57
65
92
10 0
100
62
100

5

4

10

5

94

100

36
100

99
33
17
65
100
99
24
32
99
16
26

98
13
44
85
10 0
99
-

9
93
28
41

100
47
45
92
100
100
42
100

100

10 0

3

5

-

3

10
12

15
12

4

7
6

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------

12

*

(’ )
29
10 0

8

4

4

4

“
28

6
-

8

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .




5

8
17
19
1

3

-

(’ )
2
“
-

5

7

15

-

3

1

5
3

7

17

-

Table B -5.

Paid vacation provisions in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________

A ll in d u s t r ie s

______

________

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

99
89
9
1

100
84
16

100
98
2

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

'

T

"

“

■

1

-

-

-

-

-

8
13
2

14
3

29
5

3
37
2

1
46
1

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

M eth od o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________________
O t h e r _ _______________________________________________
_
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s _______________ ______________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___ _________________________________ ______
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s .

-

_
47
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________ _
1 w e e k _____________________ ____________________ _______ __
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________________
2 w e e k s ____ ________________________
___ __________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________

1
66
2
30
1

_

_

_

_

_

77
-

41
15
38
5

27
1
72

37
.
62

37
10
53

-

*

9
8
71
11

8
n
91
1

15
.
-

4
1
86
9

23
‘

(’ )

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O

__
_
_
w e e k _____
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
w e e k s ___________________________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____ ______________________

38
2
58
1

56
1
43

13
3
76
5
1

16
3
73
5
2

1
_

5
_

6
_

_
_

76
20
_

90
4
1

84
8
1

85
10
4

-

4

-

85

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O
3
4

w e e k _____________________________________________________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________________________
w eeks
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s _________ _______ __________________ _________
w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------- r ~

(’ >

(’ )

-

(’ )

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O
3
4

w eek_
_
,
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________ ___
w e e k s ____________________________ _
_ ____ __ __
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ ________________________
w e e k s _____________ _______ _ _____ ___________ ____
w e e k s ___________________________ _ _______
_
_ _
_

16
3
71
5
4

1

5

_

-

-

-

-

76
20
-

90
4
2

82
8
3

85
10
4

(’ )

-

4

(’ )

-

4
1
75
3
15
1

3
-

_

4

_

-

-

-

71
3
22
1

76
20
1
4

81
2
13

57
1
38
1

12
3
76
5
2

6

(’ )

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w pek _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________ _____________
2 w eeks
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s __ _ _
_ _ _
4 w eek s _
_
^ ^ _

See

fo o tn o te s




a t en d o f t a b le s .

18

(’ )

3
83
10
6
(’ )

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., November 1973— Continued
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A ll in d u s tr ie s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1

3
24
1
61

6
3

(’ )
A fte r

_

ii

24
3
62
5
5
1

_
65
20
4
_

3
15

(’ )
74
3
4

(9)

_

.

15
-

7
82
10

58
8
19
1

(9)
-

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

3
17

14

2

3

10
-

66
7

70
7
5
1

66
20
4
_

11

7
_

5
-

58

52

2

3

57
-

3

(’ )

3
12
2
74
3
5

(’ )

_
10
2
61
8
19
1

_
7
81
10
2
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

3

1

i

14
20
4

10

6
_

5
-

27

25

7
-

22

2
1

36
-

3
9

(9)
67
1
20

(9)
(9)

_
4
52
42
-

i

.
5
74
7
11
4

(’ )

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________

-

-

—

-------

—

------—

3

_

2

3

44
11

2

46
18
_

1

1

56
8
20
4

3
8

(’ )
31
1
48
8

(9)
(9)

4
29
36
31
-

5
8
7
74

3
4

(9)

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
3
9

1 yi-e «y

26

.
-

3
41
24

2

13
46
20
8

-

3

fo o tn o te s

7

21

2
37
18

See

5
-

6
_

4

a t en d o f t a b le s .




19

3

_

-

8

4
27
30
37
3

5
8
7
18
59
4

(9)
31
1
40
15

(9)
1

i

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973— Continued
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14— C o n t in u e d
A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________
— --------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s — ______________ ______
4 w e e k s ______ ____ _________________ ___ ______________ _
_
_
5 w e e k s _________________ ____________
______________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _________ _____________
6 w e e k s __________ _____
_
____ — ______ _ .

3
9
26
2
36
14
2
7

.

-

6
21
3
41
15
13

5
-

8
52
20
8

-

_

7
-

3
8
(9)
31
1
40
15
(’ )
1

_

_

4
27

5
.

-

30
33
7

8
7
11
65
4
1

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
_
1 w eek_

__________________________——

7. W f t p k s

___

. _ __

__

—

—--------___

O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------- --------- —
3 w e e k s _____ ______ — —
— - —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s — ______________________
4 w e e k s __________________ .
.
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------_
_ ---- -----O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s — __________________
6 w e e k s ___________________________________________________

3
9
-

26
2
36
12
2
9

6
21
3
41
13
-

5
-

7
8
50
20
10

15

S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le s .




20

3
8
(’ )
31
1
40
14
(’ )
2

_

_

4

5

-

-

27
30
31
9

8
7
11
60
4
6

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions in Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., November 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
f i n a n c i n g 15

A ll w o r k e r s _

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w ___________
L i f e i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _______________ _______ _____ ____ _______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s —_ ______ ______________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 16______ ______________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _ _________________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it i n g p e r i o d ) ____
_____
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
_____
w a itin g p e r io d ) . .
. . ____
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e _______________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s . _ __________ ____
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ___ ___________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _ _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________ ___________ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________ _______________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ____ ____________________
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __ ________________ _
D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e ___________________________________
N o n co n tr ib u to r y p la n s _
_
_ - ___ - _________
_
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n —_____ ____ _______________ __
_
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

99

10 0

100

93
58

95
62

100
91

97
60

97
59

99
88

63
44

70
47

95
85

62
35

77
49

93
82

P u b lic u tilitie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

77

89

88

75

71

90

53
35

76
52

59
45

28
19

50
31

30
17

13

8

16

50

47

30

20

16

32

9

3

42

24
15
94
54
94
54
86
52
76
39
11
10
69
55

18
13
99
66
99
66
96
62
75
47
ii
11
82
71

49
49
100
77
100
77
89
76
89
76
38
38
71
62

32
20
99
47
99
47
93
47
92
41
10
5
71
60

54
35
99
61
99
61
99
61
82
45
21
19
86
75

54
46
99
77
99
77
95
77
95
77
5
5
72
70

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




A ll in d u s tr ie s

21

Footnotes
All of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.

5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
1 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
0
1 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
1 These days are provided as part of a Christmas—
2
New Year holiday period which typically begins with Christmas Eve and ends with
New Year's Day. Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "Floating" holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
8
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




22

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s d a ta a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a t 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . * In e a c h o f t h e i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t
1
an d o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o ll e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it an d m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e
f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f t h e 9 4 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e
c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d .
S e p a ra te
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f t h e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e
d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n t h e s c o p e o f a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y
in d u s tr y a n d n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c t e d ,
w it h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n .
T o o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y
a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
W hen
d a ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b ili t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o
th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f o n e ou t o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
i t i s g i v e n a w e i g h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lt e r n a t e o f th e s a m e
o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in t h e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e
f o r th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u it a b le s u b s titu te is a v a i la b l e , a d d it io n a l w e ig h t is
a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p l e m e m b e r t h a t i s s i m i l a r t o t h e m i s s i n g u n it .
O c c u p a t io n s

and

E a r n in g s

O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v q j i e t y o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a n d n o n ­
m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e fo ll o w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l an d
t e c h n ic a l ; (3 ) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4 ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l
c la s s if ic a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r ­
e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s w it h i n t h e s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e li s t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g th e jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( 1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o
m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r ( 2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
E a r n i n g s d a t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d
d a ta , w h e re sh ow n .
L ik e w is e ,
d a ta a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b ­
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t s h o w n o r in fo r m a t io n
t o s u b c la s s if y is n o t a v a ila b le .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d n o t b e a s s u m e d
t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s i n p a y o f t h e s e x e s w it h i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e r a t e s
p a i d in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w it h i n t h e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d e sc r ip tio n s.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n th e
s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu re s a m on g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s
d iffe r , e s tim a te s
o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T hese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y o f t h e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
W age

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year c y c le before July 1972.
^ Included in the 94 areas are 8 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . —
P a .; Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a .; Lexington, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—C ocoa,
F la.; and Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas
at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

P e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e p o r t e d in t a b le s A - 7 a n d A - 8 r e f l e c t tw o d if f e r e n t m e a s u r e s o f
w age m ov em en t.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s a n d a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f s k il le d m a in te n a n c e an d
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s in th e a r e a .
T a b le A - 8 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s f o r th e s a m e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d t o e x c l u d e t h e e f f e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s in t a b l e A - 8 i s b a s e d o n c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ; e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t i n th e j o b s w a s h e l d c o n s t a n t .
D a ta f o r th e m a t c h e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e w e ig h t e d to r e p r e s e n t a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e j o b in th e p r e v io u s y e a r .
M eth od
O ffic e

of

c o m p u t in g

w age

tre n d s .

O c c u p a tio n s

c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ):

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s e s A and B
C le r k s , fil e , c la s s e s A , B, and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e r s (o ffic e b o y s and g ir ls )
S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten ogra p h ers, g e n e ra l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in a n a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y c h a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch
s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g t h e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in
t a b l e s A - 7 a n d A - 8 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h i n t h e g r o u p s .

e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

fo r

In d e x e s in ta b le A - 7 m e a s u r e w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s
d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 1 0 0 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m
t h e b a s e p e r i o d t o t h e d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e in t a b l e s A - 7
a n d A - 8 r e la t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
A n nual ra te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
sh o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w h e n th e t im e s p a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w a s
o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s .
T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s a r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s in c r e a s e d a t
a con sta n t ra te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u ll - t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e
h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d
f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , an d la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t o f - l i v i n g a ll o w a n c e s an d in c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a la r ie s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r
o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s fo r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
ro u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s ta b lis h m e n t s
d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , a n d t h u s c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l

tre n d s

In d ex es

fo r

in d iv id u a l a r e a s

in t h e p r o g r a m

u sed

to

co m p u te

w age

tren d s

are:

I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ):
N u rses,

in d u s t r ia l (r e g is t e r e d )

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) :
C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) :
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
are

co m p u te d

a s fo llo w s ;

1. E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e
s e l e c t e d g r o u p o f o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e b a s e y e a r .
2.
T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e
( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s i s m u l t i p l i e d b y it s , w e i g h t .
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e to t a le d to o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e ,
3.
T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d iv i d i n g th e
a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t — l e s s 1 0 0 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .
4.
T h e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s i n d e x i s o b t a i n e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x b y th e
r a t i o o f th e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e t o t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e .

23

L i m i t a t i o n s o f d a t a . I n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a s p r e s e n t e d in
t a b le A - 7 , a r e in flu e n c e d b y (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y an d w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r p a y in c r e a s e s
r e c e i v e d in t h e s a m e j o b , ( 3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e t o l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
or
r e d u c tio n s ,
an d (4 ) ch a n g e s
r e s u lt in g
w hen
e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r a n d le a v e
th e a r e a .
O c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s c a n i n c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e w it h o u t a n y a c t u a l c h a n g e in w a g e s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
e v e n th ou gh a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts g iv e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y d e c lin e b e c a u s e lo w e r p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r e x p a n d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s m a y r e m a in
r e la t iv e ly c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s r is e b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r
exp a n d th e ir w o r k f o r c e .
A s m e n t i o n e d , d a t a in t a b l e A - 8 a r e a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e s o m e o f t h e
l i m i t a t i o n s t o t h e i n f o r m a t i o n in t a b l e A - 7 , p a r t i c u l a r l y c h a n g e s r e s u l t i n g f r o m f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
o r r e d u c t io n s an d f r o m th e a d d it io n o r d e le t io n o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s u r v e y s a m p l e .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a ll
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a
w o r k e r s and
r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m m a n u f a c t u r i n g , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u s t r ie s . " O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S e e t a b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f t h e o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d a n d t h e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e li k e ly th a n s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e th e
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , t h e t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta a r e l i m i t e d t o p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
(S e e
t a b le B - 2 . )
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s o f ( 1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y 3 f o r t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d ( 2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d o n t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at t h e
t im e o f th e s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t a p p l y i n g t o a
m a jo r it y is u s e d ; if n o a m o u n t a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y , th e c la s s if ic a t i o n " o t h e r " is u s e d .
In
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a i d a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n c e i s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p l ie s t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) s h ift e n d s w o r k at o r n e a r
m id n ig h t .
A t h i r d ( n ig h t ) s h i f t s t a r t s w o r k a t o r n e a r m i d n i g h t .
The
s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y ' h o u r s a n d d a y s o f a m a j o r i t y o f t h e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
(S e e
t a b le B - 3 . )
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s
a r e e x p e c te d to w o rk fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d
s t a t i s t i c a l l y a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e
o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t ic e s li s t e d .
(S ee t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 .)
Sum s of
i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 5 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s i s a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r th a n
a m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s .
(S e e t a b le B - 5 . )
P r o v i s i o n s a p p l y t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n t s o n o t h e r t h a n a t i m e b a s i s a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t of"
a n n u a l e a r n i n g s a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d .
E s t im a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s , a n d " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l"
b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s ic p la n s .
S u c h p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m ,
and c a n
in d u s tr ie s .

H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f
th e c o s t in c lu d e
t h o s e (1 ) u n d e r w r it t e n
b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y
o r n o n p r o fit
o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2 ) p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n f u n d , o r ( 3 ) p a i d d i r e c t l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r o u t o f
c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g
fu n d s o r
fr o m
a fu n d s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
(S e e t a b l e B - 6 . )
An
e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e s u c h a p la n i f t h e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n
t h o u g h l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y p a r t i c i p a t e u n d e r t h e p la n b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o
c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s l i m it e d t o th a t t y p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e ­
d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y t o th e in s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h
p la n s t o w h i c h t h e
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s
r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 4 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r ( 1 ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e
th a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r ( 2 ) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f t h e la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l
p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o ( 1 ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d ,
a n d ( 2 ) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a it i n g p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an
u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f it s .
L o n g t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s t o t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s u p o n
th e e x p ir a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k le a v e a n d /o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a
p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e e n d o f th e
d is a b ility , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n ts a r e
a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , a n d p r i v a t e p e n s i o n s b e n e f i t s
p a y a b le t o th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s a r e l i m i t e d t o h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a ll y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h i c h ( 1 )
a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r ( 2 ) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
(S e e t a b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r il y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r is n ot
g ra n te d a n o th e r day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o li d a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le
a n d h a lf h o li d a y s a c t u a ll y g r a n t e d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf h o li d a y s t o sh ow
to ta l h o lid a y
tim e .
T a b le B - 4 a
r e p o r t s th e in c i d e n c e o f th e m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o li d a y s .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y e x p e n s e s
b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p la n s .
T y p ic a l fe a tu re s o f
m a j o r m e d i c a l p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s
b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e fe a t u r e r e q u ir in g th e in s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t io n (e .g . 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; a n d (3 ) s ta te d d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e .g ., $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s
fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p la n s w h i c h c o v e r o n l y o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t
dam age.
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f t h e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a p o licy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at die time
o f the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number o f days sick leave available
to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers w ithin scope of survey and number studied in Memphis, Tenn.—A rk .,1
by major industry division,2 November 1973
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
M in i m u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W i t h in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S t u d ie d
T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ____________________ __

P ercen t

T o ta l4

639

183

131,847

100

86,577

21,818

76,174

65

-

219
420

118

55,899
75,948

42
58

44,101
42,476

3,977
17, 841

32,377
43,797

50
50
50
50
50

68
104
120
49
79

25
20
30
13
30

15,223
12,556
26, 133
9, 130
12,906

12
9
20
7
10

8, 806
n

2, 022

10,109
4,352
16,140
5,613
7, 583

______________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ _ _ rr-------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 __ _
_
____
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____ _________ _____________________
_
R e t a i l t r a d e _ ______
_
_ _
_
__________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te —
____
S e r v i c e s 8-----------------------------------------------------------------------

O ffic e

50

(!)
(!)
(6 )

(!)
(!)
(!)
(6 )

1 T h e M e m p h i s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 2 , c o n s i s t s o f S h e lb y C o u n t y , T e n n . ; a n d C r i t t e n d e n C o u n t y ,
A rk .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s
a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s if y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
M e m p h is ' e l e c t r i c and g a s u t il it ie s a r e m u n ic ip a lly
o p e r a t e d an d a r e e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n o f
d a ta is n ot m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s f o r
" a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 .
8 H o t e ls and m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, an d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e li g io u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ); a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g
O v e r t w o - f i f t h s o f t h e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e M e m p h i s a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o ll o w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r in g ;
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s

F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ---------- 19
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s _ ______________ ________ __11
_
_ 9
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _______- 9
L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c t s ______ 7
F a b r i c a t e d i f i e t a l p r o d u c t s * . ____ 6
R u b b e r and p la s t ic s p r o d u c t s —
6
F u r n itu r e and f ix t u r e s —
____ 5
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t __________ 5

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h a c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f t h e w o r k e r s in t h e
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 3 ;

M is c e lla n e o u s c o n v e r te d
p a p e r p r o d u c t s —— — -------—— — 6
T i r e s a n d i n n e r t u b e s — _______ — 6
5
F a r m m a c h i n e r y . ____ ___________
H o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e — __ ____________ 5
M i s c e l l a n e o u s f o o d s an d
k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ™ ____________ 5

P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------- -------- -----M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ ___....
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s _________ — ______

61

8
11

A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e fo r e ,
a l l o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s t h a t e i t h e r d o n o t h a v e
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s t h a t a p p l y t o f e w e r t h a n h a l f o f t h e i r
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e e x t e n t t o w h ic h
a l l w o r k e r s in t h e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s ,
b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d an d th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is lim ite d .

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l su rv ey *
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t h e a p p e n d ix t a b l e .




O ffic e w o r k e r s

61
91
81

25

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m
a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

B IL L E R ,

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B il le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) .
U se s a s p e c ia l
an d a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b il ls a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m
n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p i n g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f
m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , a n d t o t a l s
b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m
p r e p a r e d an d is o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ( c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g
c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in t e r ­
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p l ic a t io n o f p r e ­
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r
w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d
b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w it h o u t
a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f ig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s
a n d u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s fr o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

P o s itio n s

CLERK,

(w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
A C C O U N T IN G

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u ch a s p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y in g th e ; in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , an d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s im p le o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g an d
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , t h e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .




in t o

le v e ls

on th e b a s is

o f th e

fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

F IL E

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in a n e s t a b lis h e d f il in g s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n f i l e s . P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s o n t h e
b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it an d c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

CLERK,

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s an d s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c le a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y an d c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e an d ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s and c la s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .

c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t io n s an d a c c o u n t in g in f o r m a t i o n .
e s f a m i l i a r w ith t h e b o o k k e e p i n g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
bu t is n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e fo r m a l

26

C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n
w it h t h e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r le v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y fin e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in t a in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e it e m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n titie s o f it e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w it h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g o ( c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p i n g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

KEYPUNCH O PE RATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

O p e ra te s a keypu n ch
ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .

P o s itio n s

are

m a c h in e

c la s s ifie d

in to

to

record

le v e ls

or

on th e

v e r ify

b a s is

a lp h a b e tic

o f th e

a n d /o r

fo llo w in g

n u m e r ic

d a ta on

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e
k eypu n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

a ll,
C la s s B .
W o r k is r o u tin e a n d r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo ll o w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e
lit t le o r n o s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e

B oy o r

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d i v i d u a l . M a in t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a ir l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n a n d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t ie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

a.
R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , an d in c o m in g
i n q u i r e s , a n d r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in t a i n s

3.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

SECRETARY

m a in t a in s ,

and

r e v is e s

th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's

m a il,

an sw ers

r o u tin e

a ll,

d.

R e la y s

s u p e r v i s o r 's

m essages

fro m

ca le n d a r

s u p e r v is o r

and m a k e s

to

P e r fo r m s

s t e n o g r a p h ic

a n d ty p in g

o f th e

b oard

or

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

in

o r p r e s id e n t)

3.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , i n a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

e tc. (o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a la r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

file s ;

a p p o in tm e n ts

as

C

in s tr u c te d ;

s u b o r d in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ;
f.

o f a m a jo r

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

C la s s
th e

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

G ir l)

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s it io n s th a t r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h i c le a s a s ig n ific a n t d u ty .

A

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r
o v e r 1 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

by

oth ers

fo r

th e

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in t o o r g a n i z a ­
t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l
i n c l u d e s a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; or
2.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

w ork.

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu sio n s
N ot a ll p o s it io n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s :

c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .

E x a m p le s

C la s s

e tc . (o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . ,
a b o u t 2 5 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; jo r

f e w e r th a n

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPH ER

a.

P o s itio n s

w h ic h

b.

S ten ogra p h ers

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs
m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n s ;

do

not

m eet

n o t fu lly t r a in e d
s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

th e
in

"p e rso n a l"

se creta ry

s e c r e t a r ia l typ e

a s sista n ts

con cep t

d e sc r ib e d

above;

d u t ie s ;

to a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

or

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s i n w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e r o u t i n e
s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e d e f i n i t i o n ;

or

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , a n d to t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r ib e
f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y d u ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in t h a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y
w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w it h o n l y o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e a n d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in t h e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .
S te n o g ra p h e r,

e.
A s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h
s e c r e ta r ia l w ork .




r e s p o n s ib le te c h ­
a re not ty p ic a l o f
or

G en eral

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )— C ontinued

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
or

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s i n c l u d i n g d e v i s i n g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a l ly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f t h e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d t h e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d i n t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o
s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s ig n i f ic a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n ­
s ib il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
an d o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , fil e s , w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h i s k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in t a in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l in g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d
r o u t in g in c o m i n g m a il ; a n d a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t i o n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d
fo r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r a s a fu ll-t im e
a s s ig n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e . ( " L im i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c ific n am es a re
fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x
c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
a s s is t

T h e s e c la s s if ic a t i o n s d o n ot in c lu d e
c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .

S W IT C H B O A R D

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s an d u n d e r s p e c i f ic in ­
s t r u c t io n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e bu t r o u tin e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n t o t h e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s
u s e d b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

s w it c h b o a r d

o p era tors

in t e l e p h o n e

c o m p a n ie s

who

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d i t i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t an d m a y a ls o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR

C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , an d d o s o m e filin g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o t y p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n
in s h o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s ,

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e ou t b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tr a in in g , su ch
o r s o r t in g an d d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y ll a b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g l a y o u t a n d t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e ta b u la t o r , c a lc u l a t o r , c o ll a t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t.

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o ll o w in g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
rou gh o r c le a r
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; o r s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER

COM PUTER

OPERATOR

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d i e s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
it e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , an d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s an d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; a n d m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogram .
F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r

o p e ra to rs

are

c la s s ifie d

as

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , an d p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

fo llo w s :

C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f t h e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d
a n d in t r o d u c e d : s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in i m iz e d o w n tim e ;
t h e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , an d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i la b l e . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly ru n o n a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te s t in g




O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h i n a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e an d ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s ta n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

COM PUTER

PROGRAM M ER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in t o a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b le m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta p r o c ­
e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s t h e p r e c i s e i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in t o t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u l a t i o n

28

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— C o n tin u ed
o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b ili t ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s an d d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t an d r e v is io n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r il y r e s p o n s ib l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d
a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p rogram m ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o
d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s an d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a ­
t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r o b t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v id e
a s s is t.

fo llo w s :

w ho are

lo w e r

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r il y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c ie n t if i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
sy ste m s

a n a ly s t s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

a s s ig n e d to

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n t s an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a ig h t lin e s an d a la r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S

or

r e p e titiv e

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p l e x p r o b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h




a re

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s:
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it li i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , an d p r e c is e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r ia l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s tr e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m
s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

le v e l p ro g r a m m e r s .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e le c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
program m ers
to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d
d ig it a l c o m p u t e r
program s.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d an d id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s an d
c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d t o a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r a n d ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , an d
d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t
d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a l ly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k a n d d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l
r u n s o f n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e
o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s i s a n d p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld
b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is i s th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

who

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a ft s m e n .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

w age

a n a ly s ts

DRAFTSM AN

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l ic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in t h e
a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

F or

sy stem s

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a ly s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

OR

in s t r u c t

le v e l

OR

W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , an d p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r fa ir l y c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
or

lo w e r

a s sig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s _ B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la t i v e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R ep orts
a n d li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .

M a y g u id e

to

W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u tin e a s s i g n m e n t s an d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n an d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h
i n s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w it h t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A t t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d bu t d iv e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e l e m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s

d ir e c tio n

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u t p u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,
m a i n t a i n i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s an d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e
d a ta p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

s u p e r v is io n o f
w it h s c i e n t i f i c

G l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e la t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u t in e ;
p la n s t h e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r

fu n c tio n a l

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a n d r e la t e d d e v i c e s b y p e r f o r m in g on e
o r a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o ll o w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u l in g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g ,
m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g . W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e
o f e l e c t r o n i c s p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y t o d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , a n d s k i l l t o p u t e q u i p m e n t in r e q u i r e d
o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

29

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n
o f t h e s a m e k i n d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , b u t i s n o t l i m i t e d t o , t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s ­
m it t in g a n d r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l
a i d s ) , (b ) d ig i t a l a n d a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , an d ( c ) in d u s t r ia l a n d m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g a n d c o n t r o ll in g
e q u ip m e n t .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n ,
a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s a n d w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C .
A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e t o p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r r o u t i n e t a s k s in
w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l
p rocedu res.
W ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y
p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s a s r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir i n g c i r c u i t s , a n d ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g t o o l s a n d c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . ,
m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , t u b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u ir e d t o b e
f a m i l i a r w it h t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h i s k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a in in g ) s o th a t
w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a ir m e n o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n
o f f i c e m a c h in e s an d h o u s e h o ld r a d io an d t e le v is io n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ty i s s e r v ic i n g e le c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; te c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is ­
tr a tiv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s

are

c la s s ifie d

in t o

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is

o f th e fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s _ _ A .
A p p l ie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly c o m p l e x p r o b le m s
( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e
lo c a t io n an d d e n s it y o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and
f r e q u e n t e n g i n e e r in g c h a n g e s . W o r k in v o lv e s : A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m in g s u c h t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t
a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s i n s i g n a l f l o w ; a n d r e g u l a r l y u s in g
c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e
g e n e ra to rs ).

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s
a r e in v o lv e d .

N U RSE,

IN D U S T R IA L

(R e g is te r e d )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e ill o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G i v in g f i r s t a i d
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
i n g - o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , a n d s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y i n g m o r e th a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c l u d e d .

W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s . M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w it h
t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; a n d j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e a n d i n s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s a n d t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y t h e c l a s s A t e c h n i c i a n .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

M A IN T E N A N C E

HELPER,

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s ^ o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g . a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir i n g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g
in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p l y t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t\ r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d i t i o n i n g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , an d fu e l c o n s u m p t io n . M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e a e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y i n g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e E x c lu d e d .




B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d ­
in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p i n g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n i n g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; an d p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d
t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d n o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s , a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a l s o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .

M A C H I N E -T O O L

OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in t h e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e la t h e s , o r m il l i n g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n i n g
an d p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o .la n t s a n d c u t t i n g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l an d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s

30

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l in g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g , an d e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
t h e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t t y o r f i l l e r in n a i l
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p l y i n g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e
m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in an
e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k an d m e a s u r in g t o lo c a te
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t _ o £ jh e _ f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t i n v o l v e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b li n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and in s t a llin g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

m o b ile

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
r e p a ir s h o p s .

M A IN T E N A N C E

(M a in te n a n c e )

does

n o t in c lu d e

m e c h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

cu stom ers'

v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u i p m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g ;
P la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
u p a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , a n d a s s e m b l in g ; an d in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g ;
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a i n l y i n v o l v e t h e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s : r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g u p o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .

TOOL

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d is m a n t le s a n d in s t a ll s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p la n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t, an d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a ll in g an d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

AND

D IE M A K E R

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo ll o w in g :
P la n n i n g a n d
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f ic a t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d i n g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g fa b r ic a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o ls an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l in g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

shops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l

a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M O VEM ENT
GUARD

AND

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L

W ATCHM EN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d c h e c k
o n id e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
th e ft]
JA N IT O R ,

and

ille g a l

M akes

rou n d s o f p r e m is e s

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

en try .

P O R TE R , OR

A w
w h o s e d u tie s
m e r c h a n d is e
o r p la c in g m
m e r c h a n d is e
e x clu d e d .

H A N D L IN G

o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e

CLEANER
ORDER

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o ll o w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , fu r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r im m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .




F IL L E R

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t io n
to fillin g o r d e r s an d in d ic a t in g it e m s f il le d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

31

T R U C K D R IV E R — C on tin u ed

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h i p p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r
o f u n it s t o b e p a c k e d , t h e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s
t h e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e
a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e l s o r e n t e r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta o n c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H IP P IN G

AND

R E C E IV IN G

fo llo w s :

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s if ie d by s iz e and ty p e
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t (u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (1 */2 t o a n d in c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

CLERK
TRUCKER,

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s an d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h i p p i n g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b il ls o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g
a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t i n p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t .
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s
a g a in s t b il ls o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and file s .
F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p i n g c l e r k
S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w it n i n a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ’ h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .




o f e q u ip m e n t , a s

POW ER

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k i n d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d by ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )

W AREH O U SEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u t i e s w h ic h r e q u i r e a n u n d e r s t a n d in g
o f t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia l s
( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g a n d r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s a n d o b v i o u s
d a m a g e s ; r o u t in g m a t e r i a l s t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t i z in g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w it h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g a n d t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f
s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g
m a te r ia l fr o m
s t o r a g e a n d p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e h a n d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in
p e r fo r m in g w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s i n v o l v e s h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e s h ip p i n g
a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k a n d p a c k e r , s h ip p in g ), o r d e r f il lin g ( s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r
tru ck s (s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

32

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies
conducted at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any
of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Bulletin supplements may be obtained, without cost, only from BLS regional offices.
Area
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1973 1_____________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady^Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1973 1 _______________
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1973___________ _________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1973________ .__
Atlanta, Ga., May 1973____________________________ __ _______
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1973_____________________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1973___ _________________________ ______
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1973 1 __________
Binghamton, N.Y.—
Pa., July 1973 1_________________ __________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1973 1______________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1973_________________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1973____________________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1973______________________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1973_____________________________ ____
Canton, Ohio, May 1973—
_____________________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1973____ ; ________________ ___ ____
_
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1974_________________ ____________ ____
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1973_____________________ __
_
Chicago, 111., May 1973---------------------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1973_______________ ________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1973_ _____ _____ ____________ _______
_
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1973__________________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1973______________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb, 1973_______ _
Dayton, Ohio, Dec, 1973_____________________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1973_________________ _________ ,_______
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1973 ________ _______ ____________ _._
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1973 1__________________________________
Durham, N.C., Dec. 1973 1___________ ________________________
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1973_____________________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1973_ ___ ___ ______________ ____
_
Green Bay, W is., July 1973_____________ ___________________
Greenville, S.C., May 1973 1 ___________ _____________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1973______ __________________ ____ ________
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1973__________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1973____________ ____________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1973___ ___________________________ ____
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1973 1_________________________ _______
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1973 1_______________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass—
N.H., June 1973________________
Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1973________________________________ ___
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1973_____________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1973-----------------------------------------Louisville, K y —
Ind., Nov. 1973______________________ ________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1973------- :______ ,_______________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1973________________________________
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.,
Aug. 1973 1_________________________________________________




Bulletin number
and price
1795-10,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1775-90,
1775-79,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-82,
1795-1,
1775-65,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-73,
1775-74,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-88,
1775-53,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-57,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-72,
1775-89,
1795-9,

65 cents
55 cents
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
Free
Free
40 cents
55 cents
55 cents
Free
Free
Free
Free
40 cents
40 cents
Free
Free
50 cents
50 cents
Free
Free
Free
40 cents
Free
Free
40 cents
80 cents
65 cents

1775-64,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-86,
1775-71,
1775-48,
Suppl.
1775-44,
1795-8,
1795-4,
1775-93,
Suppl.
Suppl.

40 cents
Free
Free
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
Free
40 cents
65 cents
80 cents
50 cents
Free
Free

Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-55,
Suppl.

Free
Free
40 cents
Free

1795-2,

55 cents

1 D a ta o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s are a lso p re se n te d .

Area
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1973 1 __________________________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1973_____________________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1974________________________
Milwaukee, W is., May 1973__________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1974_____________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1973_____________
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1973____________________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1974________________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1973________________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1973__________________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1973 1 _________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1973_____________________ ____ ._
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1973_____________ —
______________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1973_________________
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1972_________ __________________
Phoenix, A riz., June 1973___________________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1973 1 _________________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1973 1 ______________ _________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1973____________ _______________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y., June 1973_________
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass.,
Raleigh, N.C., Dec. 1973 1_ ________ _______________________
_
Richmond, V a., Mar. 1973___ _______________________________
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,

B u lle ti n n u m b e r
and p r i c e

1795-11,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-83.
Suppl.
1775-91,
1775-50,
Suppl.
1775-47,
1775-94,

65 cents
Free
Free
40 cents
Free
50 cents
55 cents
Free
40 cents
50 cents

1775-51,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-92,
1775-45,
1775-96,
1775-67,
1795-6,
1775-87,
1775-85,

50 cents
Free
Free
55 cents
55 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1775-84, 35 cents
1795-7, 65 cents
1775-68, 40 cents
Suppl.

Rockford, 111., June 1973____________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1973 1 ___________________ __________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1973_____________________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1973________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1973________________________________
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1973_____ ____________
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1973__________________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1973____________________________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1973 1___________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1973____________________ ______
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1973____________ ________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1973_________________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1973__________________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1973_____________________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1973__________ ____________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1973___________________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1973---------------------------------Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1973____________ __________ _________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1973 1 ________ ___________________ __ ___
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1973____________ _______________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1973____ _____________ ______ _________
York, Pa., Feb. 1973________________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1973____ __________________

1775-80,
1775-69,

Suppl.
1775-78,

Suppl.
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1795-3,
1775-56,

Suppl.
1775-54,
1775-95,

Suppl.
1775-63,

Suppl.
1775-75,
1775-58,
1795-5,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,

Suppl.

Free
35 ce nts
75 c ent s
Free
35 ce nts
Free
4 0 cents
4 0 ce nts
4 0 c ent s
55 c en ts
4 0 c ent s
Free
4 0 c e nt s
50 cen ts
Free
4 0 cen ts
Free
50 cen ts
4 0 c ent s
60 cen ts
4 0 cen ts
4 0 c ent s
4 0 ce nts
Free

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U .S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LA B 441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
P h ila d e lp h ia ^ . 19101
Phone: 597-1T54 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington