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/iT7?-3 2.

The Memphis, T ennessee—A rkansas,
M etropolitan Area
January 1968

a y to n & M o n tg o m e ry
P u b lic L ib ra ry

APR 2 3 1968
C RITTENDEN

*0UCtoi£AII C Q U I G T m

B ulletin No. 1575-32




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

New England
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center
Room 1603-B
Boston, M ass. 02203
T e l.: 223-6762




Mid-Atlantic
34 1 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
T e l.: 971-5405

Southern
1371 Peachtree St., NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
T e l.: 526-5418

North Central
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
T e l.: 353-7230

Pacific
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
T e l.: 556-4678

Mountain-Plains
Federal Office Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
T e l.: 374-2481

Area Wage Survey
The Memphis, Tennessee—
Arkansas,
Metropolitan Area
January 1968




Bulletin No. 1575-32
M arch . 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

P reface

Page
T he B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p ro g r a m o f annual
occu p a tio n a l w a g e s u rv e y s in m e tro p o lita n a re a s is d e ­
sign ed to p ro v id e data on occu p ational ea rn in g s , and e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w age p ro v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d ata b y s e le c te d in d u stry d iv is io n f o r each
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , f o r g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r the
U n ited States.
A m a jo r c o n sid e ra tio n in the p ro g r a m is
the n eed f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t into (1) the m ovem en t o f w a g es
b y occu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s tr u c ­
tu re and l e v e l o f w a g e s am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A t the end o f each s u rve y , an ind ivid u al a r e a b u l­
le tin p re s e n ts s u r v e y re s u lts fo r each a r e a studied. A ft e r
c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in d ivid u al a r e a bu lletin s f o r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m ary b u lle tin is issu ed .
The f i r s t p a rt b rin g s data fo r each o f the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s studied in to one b u lletin . The second part p re s e n ts
in fo rm a tio n w h ich has b een p ro je c te d fr o m in d ivid u al m e t­
r o p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to g eo gra p h ic reg ion s and the
U n ited States.

In trodu ction_____________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n al g ro u p s_____________________________
T a b le s :
1. E s ta b lis h m en ts and w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f s u rv e y and
num ber studied______________________________ _________________________
2. In dexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c te d occu p ation al gro u p s, and
p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s ________________________
A.

B.

E ig h t y - s ix a r e a s c u r re n tly a r e included in the
p r o g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on occupational e a r n ­
in g s is c o lle c te d an n u ally and on e s tab lish m en t p r a c t ic e s
and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age p ro v is io n s b ie n n ia lly.
T h is b u lle tin p re s e n ts re s u lts of the s u r v e y in
M e m p h is , T enn.— r k ., in January 1968.
A
The Standard
M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the B ureau
o f the B u dget th rough A p r il 1967, c o n sis ts o f Shelby County,
T en n .; and C ritte n d e n County, A r k . T h is study w as c on ­
ducted b y the s ta ff o f the B u reau 's A tla n ta R e gio n a l O ffic e ,
under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of Donald M . C ru s e , A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r O p era tion s.




1
4

O ccupation al e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations—m en and w om en_________________________
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p ations— en and w o m e n .
m
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ica l occupations—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________________
A -4 . M ainten ance and p o w e rp la n t occu p ation s___________________
A - 5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ____________
E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l.
M in im u m e n tran ce s a la r ie s f o r w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s __
B -2 , Shift d if fe r e n t ia ls ______________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s __________________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth , in s u ra n ce , and p ension plan s_______________________
B -7 . P r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e w o r k ____________________________

A p p en d ix.

O ccu pation al d e s c r ip t io n s _______________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tab u lation s a r e a v a ila b le f o r oth er
(S e e in s id e b ack c o v e r .)

A c u r re n t r e p o r t on occu p atio n al ea rn in g s and sup­
p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v is io n s in the M em p h is a r e a is a ls o
a v a ila b le f o r h o s p ita ls (J u ly 1966). Union s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e
o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le f o r b u ilding con ­
stru ction ; p rin tin g ; lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and
m o to rtru c k d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llie d occu p ation s.

iii

3

4

6
9

10
11
12

14
15
16
17
18
21
22
23




Area W age Survey---The Memphis, Tenn.—Ark., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u rve y s o f o c c u p atio n al e arn in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
ob ta in ed by p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B ureau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e ­
s e n ta tive e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b road industry d iv is io n s : M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , com m u n ica tio n , and oth er public u tilit ie s ;
w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su ran ce, and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry groups exclu d ed fr o m th ese studies a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the con stru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s .
E sta b lish m en ts h a vin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b eca u se th ey tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
occu p ation s studied to w a r r a n t in clu sion .
Sep arate tabulation s a r e
p ro v id e d fo r each o f the b ro a d industry d iv isio n s w h ich m e e t pub­
lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a re in clu d ed . W h e re w e e k ly hours
a r e r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is to the
stan dard w o rk w e e k (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
ings fo r th ese occu p ations have b een roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e a v e r a g e s p re s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s t i­
m a te s .
In d u s tries and e s ta b lis h m en ts d iffe r in p ay le v e l and job
s ta ffin g and, thus, con trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each job .
The pay re la tio n s h ip ob tain ab le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a te ly the w age s p re a d or d iffe r e n tia l m a in ta in ed am ong job s in
in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e ra g e pay
le v e ls fo r m en and w o m en in any o f the s e le c te d occu pations should
not be assu m ed to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in p ay tre a tm e n t o f the sexes
w ith in in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m en ts .
O th er p o s s ib le fa c to r s w h ich m ay
con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in p ay fo r m en and w o m en inclu d e: D i f f e r ­
en ces in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , sin ce only the
actual ra te s paid incum bents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific
duties p e r fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d a p p ro p ria te ly
w ith in the sam e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s used in
c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e ra liz e d
than those used in in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m en ts and a llo w fo r m in or
d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m en ts in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a sam ple b asis b eca u se o f
the u n n e c e s s a ry c o s t in v o lv e d in s u rve y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m en ts .
To
ob tain optim um a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g re a te r p ro p o r tio n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m en ts is studied.
In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w e ig h t.
E s­
tim a te s based on the e s ta b lis h m en ts studied a r e p re s e n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the industry grou p ing and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r those b e low the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p ation s and PParnings

O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll es ta b lis h m en ts w ith in the scop e o f the study and not the number
a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B ecau se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p ation al stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f occu p ation al em p lo ym en t ob­
tain ed fr o m the sam p le o f e s ta b lis h m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to indicate
the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied.
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in
occu p ation al stru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the
ea rn in g s data.

The occu p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n onm anu facturin g in d u s trie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g typ es: (1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l;
(3) m ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a t io n is based on a u n ifo rm s e t o f job
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take accoun t o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in du ties w ith in the sam e jo b .
The occu pations s e le c te d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
The earn in gs data fo llo w in g
the jo b title s a r e f o r a ll in d u s trie s com bined.
E arnings data f o r som e
o f the occu p atio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s , b ecause
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p ation is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough
data to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w age p ro v is io n s as they
r e la te to plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n stru c tio n w o r k e r s who a re u tiliz e d
as a s e p a ra te w o rk fo r c e a r e exclu d ed .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include
w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o rk e rs (in clu d in g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
" O f f ic e w o r k e r s "
include w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o r k e r s p e rfo r m in g
c le r ic a l or r e la te d fu nctions.
C a fe t e r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re
exclu d ed in m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s , but inclu d ed in nonm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e arn in g s data a r e shown fo r
fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E arn in gs data exclu d e p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ctio n bonuses a r e exclu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g




1

2
M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B ec a u se o f the op tim u m
s a m p lin g tech n iqu es u s e d , and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l e n tra n ce r a te s f o r w o r k e r s
a b ove the s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l d ata (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim it e d to plan t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d both in
te r m s o f (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p re s e n te d in te r m s o f to ta l plan t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p re s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
a p p lyin g to a m a jo r it y w a s u sed o r , i f no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w a s used. In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
la t e - s h ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u rs.
T h e sch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e tab u la ted as a p p lyin g to
a ll o f the plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h ou rs a r e th o s e w h ich fu ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o r k , w h eth e r th ey w e r e p aid fo r at s tr a ig h t- tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth, in s u ra n ce , and p e n s io n
p lan s; and p re m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e w o rk (ta b le s B -4 th rou gh B - 7 )
a r e t r e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
p lan t o r o f f ic e .w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sums o f in d iv id u a l
ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou gh B -7 m a y not equ al to ta ls b e c a u s e o f
rou n din g.
D ata on p aid h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim it e d to data on h o li­
days g ra n te d an nu ally on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) have b e en e s ta b lis h e d b y cu stom .
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in clu d ed e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a non­
w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not g ra n te d an oth er day o ff.
The fir s t
p a r t o f the p aid h o lid a y s ta b le p re s e n ts the nu m ber o f w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . T h e seco n d p a rt co m b in e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t im e .

D ata on h ealth, in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
clu d e th ose plans fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r p ays at le a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t. Such plans include th ose u n d e r w r itte n b y a: c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce
com p an y and those, p ro v id e d th rou gh a un ion fund o r p aid d ir e c t ly b y
•the e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m a fund set a s id e
fo r th is p u rp o se.
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d to h a ve a plan
i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s w e r e e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d under the
p lan , e v e n if le s s than a m a jo r it y e le c t e d to p a r tic ip a te b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to con trib u te to w a r d the c o s t o f the plan. L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p en s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ick n ess and a c c id en t in s u ra n ce is lim it e d to that typ e o f
in su ra n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d cash p a y m e n ts a r e m ad e d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id en t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such p lan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r con trib u tes. H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h a ve e n acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u ra n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s ,2 plans a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p aid s ic k le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p ro p o r tio n of. the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk
b e ca u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w h ich p ro v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p lans
w h ich p ro v id e e ith e r p a r tia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to
the p re s e n ta tio n o f the p ro p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id en t in su ran ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du p licated
to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e ith e r o r b oth ty p es o f b e n e fits .

C atastrop h e in s u ra n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as m a jo r m e d ­
ic a l in su ra n ce, in clu d es th ose p lans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e ss and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b eyon d
the n o rm a l c o v e ra g e of. h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p lan s.
M e d ic a l in su ran ce r e f e r s to p lans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p aym en t o f d o c to r s ' fe e s .
Such p lans m a y be u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ran ce com p an ies o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be p aid f o r b y the e m p lo y e r out o f a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u rp o s e.
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p lans a r e lim it e d to th ose plans
that p r o v id e r e g u la r p aym ents f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's l i f e .

T h e s u m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a tis tic a l m e a s u re o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in ten d ed as a
m e a s u re o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e ­
fit s . P r o v is io n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t f o r a ll len g th s o f s e r v ic e w e r e
tab u la ted as a p p lyin g to a ll plan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f the e s ta b lis h ­
m en t, r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s f o r p a y m en t on
o th e r than a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d to a tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a ym en t o f 2 p e rc e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's pay. E s tim a te s ex c lu d e v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p lans and
th ose w h ich o f f e r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a tic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic
plans to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g len g th s o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f such
e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s te e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .

D ata on o v e r tim e p re m iu m p a y (ta b le B - 7 ), the hou rs a fte r
w h ich p re m iu m p ay is r e c e iv e d and the c o r r e s p o n d in g r a te o f p ay, a r e
p re s e n te d by d a ily and w e e k ly p r o v is io n s .
D a ily o v e r t im e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c ifie d nu m ber o f h ou rs a day r e g a r d le s s o f
the nu m ber of hours w o rk e d on o th e r days o f the p a y p e r io d . W e e k ly
o v e r tim e r e f e r s to w o rk in e x c e s s o f a s p e c ifie d n u m b er o f hours
p e r w e e k r e g a r d le s s o f the day on w h ich it is p e r fo r m e d , the nu m ber
o f hours p er day, o r num ber o f days w o rk e d .

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions; (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.

written,




it met either of the following
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least Hie
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

.Table 1.

Establishm ents and W o rk ers Within Scope of Survey and Num ber Studied in M em phis, Tenn.— rk . , 1 by M ajor Industry D ivision, 2 January 1968
A
W o rk ers in establishments

Num ber of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study*

Studied
T ota l4

Studied

Plant
Num ber

A ll divisions

_

____ __

__

_ __

Manufacturing__ _____ — __ _____ — —
Nonmanufacturing__________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5
____ __ __ .. __
W holesale t ra d e ________________________ _______
R etail trade
.
. —
Finance, insurance, and r e a l e state________
S e rv ic e , •.------------------------------------------------------ -

Office

Percent

T otal4

533

174

113,500

100

79,000

16,300

69,790

50
-

194
339

65
109

50,000
63,500

44
56

39,700
39,300

3,800
12,500

31,990
37,800

50
50
50
50
50

62
88
100
34
55

28
19
28
12
22

14,400
10,800
22,700
6,000
9,600

13
10
20
5
8

8,500
(?)
(?)
(?)
(6)

1,800
(?)
(?)
(?)
(6)

10,620
3,650
14,010
3,970
5,550

1 The M em phis Standard M etropolitan Statistical A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through A p r il 1967, consists of Shelby County, Tenn.; and Crittenden County, A rk .
The
"w o rk ers within scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are
not- intended, how ever, toserve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easure employment trends or levels since (1 ) planning of wage surveys requires
the
use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2 ) sm all establishments a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual w as used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A l l outlets (within the a rea) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picutre theaters a re considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, p rofession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs ai d se rv ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
M e m p h is' electric and gas utilities a re municipally operated and a re excluded by definition from the scope of
the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(1 ) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m e rit separate study, (2 ) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate preseptation, (3 ) response w as insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4 ) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishm ent data.
7 W o rk e rs from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the re a l estate portion only in estimates
for "a ll in d ustries" in the
S eries B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is
not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile re p a ir, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




N early on e-h alf of the w ork e rs within scope of the survey in the Mem phis a rea w e re
employed in manufacturing firm s.
The following table presents the m ajor industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of a ll manufacturing:
Industry groups
Food and kindred products
E lectrical equipment and

Specific industries
15

Chemicals and allied
products___________________
Lum ber and wood products_____9
Paper and allied products _r---- ^
Rubber and plastics products...
Machinery (except electrical) _
Furniture and fixtures______ _ _

9
8
8
7
5

Radio and T V receiving
equipment________________________9
T ire s and inner tubes_____________ 8
F a rm m achinery __________________5
Household fu rn itu re___ ____________5
M iscellaneous converted
paper products.__________________ 5
Sawm ills and planing m ills ______5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived fro m universe
m aterials compiled p rio r to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c te d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s. T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u re o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b ase p e r io d (d a te o f the a r e a s u r v e y condu cted
b etw een July I960 and June 1961).
S u btractin g 100 fr o m the in d ex
y ie ld s the p e rc e n ta g e change in w a g e s fr o m the b a se p e r io d to the
date o f the in d ex.
T h e p e rc e n ta g e s o f change o r in c r e a s e r e la te to
w a g e changes b etw een the in d ic a te d d a tes.
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u re s o f change in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u re a v e r a g e pay changes in the e s ta b lis h m en ts in the a r e a .

in th e occu p ation al grou p . T h e s e con stan t w e ig h ts r e f le c t b a se y e a r
em p lo ym e n ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a rn in g s f o r
each occupation w e r e m u ltip lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w eig h t, and the
p ro d u cts f o r a ll occupations in the g ro u p w e r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a te s
f o r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la te d

by

d iv id in g

the

a g g r e g a te f o r

the la t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e res u lta n t
r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e rc e n t, shows the p e rc e n ta g e chan ge. T h e in d e x
is the prod u ct o f m u ltip lyin g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) by the r e la t iv e
f o r the n ext su cceed in g y e a r and con tinuin g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d)
each y e a r 's r e la tiv e by the p re v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
f o r the fo llo w in g occupations w e r e u sed in com p u tin g the w a g e tre n d s :

M ethod o f C om puting
E ach o f the s e le c te d k e y occu p ation s w ith in an o c c u p atio n al
group w as a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t based on its p ro p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Memphis, Tenn. —Aik. ,
January 1968 and January 1967, and Percents of Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(January 1961=100)
January 1968

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)-------Industrial nurses (men and w om en)-----Skilled maintenance (men)---- -----------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women) — ---Industrial nurses (men and w om en)-----Skilled maintenance (men)— - — — -----Unskilled plant (men) -------------------------

Data do not meet publication criteria.




Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Industry and occupational group

1

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

January 1967

Percents of increase
January 1967
to
Tanuarv 1968

January 1966
to
Tanuarv 1967

January 1965
to
Tanuarv 1966

January 1964
to
Tanuarv 1965

January 1963
to
Tanuarv 1964

January 1962
to
Tanuarv 1963

2.7
0
2.9
1.3

2.9
5.9
2.6
3.9

3.0

3.0

2.8

1.7

(X
)
3.2,
5.9

<*)
2.6
1.7

( X)
3.2
4.6

( )
3.5
2.5

130.3
131.0
132.9
143.8

125.4
123.6
125.3
130.4

3.9
6.0
6. 1
10.3

5.8
7.0
6.2
5.6

3.7
2.6
2.9
6.2

127.9

124.0

3. 1

4.2

(X
)
131.6
142.1

(X
)
124.8
131.0

( X)
5.4
8.5

<*)
6.1
8.4

2.3
3.9
3.5
3.0

1

January 1961
to
Tanuarv 1962

January 1960
to
January 1961

5.7
2. 3
4.9
7.3

4.7
4.2
4. 2
2.0

7.4

3.9

( X)
4.0
4.6

(X
)
5.0
3. 7

5
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rs e s , the w age
tren d s r e la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o rm a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a rn in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey
m e a s u re chan ges in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s , exclu d in g
p re m iu m p ay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts . T h e p e rc e n ta g e s a re b ased on data fo r s e le c te d k e y o c c u ­
pation s and inclu de m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rtan t jo b s w ith in
each grou p .

Changes in the la b o r fo r c e can cause in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
occu p ation al a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w a g e chan ges. It is c o n ce iv a b le
that e v en though a ll e s ta b lis h m en ts in an a r e a g ave w a g e in c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b eca u se lo w e r - p a y in g e s tab lish m en ts
e n te re d the a r e a o r expanded th e ir w o rk fo r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m a y have re m a in e d r e la t iv e ly constant, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a re a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b eca u se h ig h e r-p a y in g esta b lish m en ts
e n te re d the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s o f D ata
T h e in d e xe s and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change, as m e a s u re s o f
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu en ced by: ( l ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w a g e ch an ges, (2) m e r it o r other in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in a v e ra g e
w a g e s due to changes in the la b o r fo r c e res u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , fo r c e e x p a n sio n s , fo r c e red u ctio n s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y estab lish m en ts w ith d iffe r e n t p ay le v e ls .




T h e use of constant e m p lo ym e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
T h e p e rc e n ta g e s o f change r e f l e c t on ly changes
in a v e ra g e p ay fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w o rk sch ed u les, as such, o r b y p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e . W h e re n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d exes and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t caused
b y changes in the scop e o f the s u rv e y .

6
A.
Table A-l.

Occupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., January 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
workers
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

%

40

$

»

»

$

$

$

S

£

S

«

$

$

$

S

%

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

$

t

*

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

30

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

8?

90

95

100

no

120

130

*40

150

160

170

180

190

—

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

A

1
1
-

8
1
7

2
1
1

4
1
3

9
6
3

11
10
1

14
12
2

14
8
6

11
11
-

7
7

5
5
-

3
3

_

-

_

_

2
-

17
16

8
7

11
10

1
“

_

-

~

10
6

-

-

4
4

-

~

9
2

_

“

~

“

**

_

_

_

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

“

-

10
10

15
11

and
under

MEN

CLERKS. ACC C U M INC. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFAC T U R IN G ------------------------------

89
63
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 35.50
140.00
124.00

136.00
140.00
117.50

$
$
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING. CLASS B -------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

63
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

111.00 115 .5 0
115.00 1 17.50

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

CLFPKS. ORDER -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

119
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 7 .5 0

OFFICF BOYS ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR T N G ------------------------------

72
53

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

6 5 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

5 8 . CC- 8 0 .00
5 6 .5 0 - 7 9 .5 0

_

TABULATCNG-MACHINE CFERATCRS.
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------

30

4 0 .0

140.00

143.50 1 2 9 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

“

TABULATING-MACHINE GPERATCRS.
CLASS rt ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

41
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 01.00 105.50
9 8 .5 0 101.00

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

~

~

~

~

~

B ILLE R S. MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

.82
32
50

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
77 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 9 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 0 .0 0
6 9 .0 0 - 74.50

-

**

-

-

BOOKKFEPING-MACHIKE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

65
28
37

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

8 3 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 9 7 .5 0

—
-

-

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

203
41
162

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

7 7 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 - 8 4 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
6 7 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0

—

—
-

1
1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

234
79
155

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0 j
i

•
-

_
•
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

526
122
404

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

7 8 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
6 8 .0 0 - 8 5 .5 0

CLERKS. F I L E . CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

191
27
164

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 4 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

115
39
76

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 2 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

6 1 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

9
4

11
7

11
7

12
8

15
15

12
8

16
4

13
10

8
2

5
“

4
2

10
8

15
7

_

5
5

2
2

_

6
1

_

7
7

2
2

-

_

“

1

1

2
2

11
10

-

-

3

-

-

~

-

_

-

_

_

-

“

“

-

-

-

3

2

10

3

1

6

9
4

3
2

1
1

-

“

-

**

-

-

l
1

1
1

4
4

1
1

2
2

6
6

—
-

23
6
17

31
7
24

7
7
~

-

5
5
~

15
7
8

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

“

1

“

•

“

~

-

20
12
8

9
4
5

7
7
-

10
2
8

7
7

-

4
1
3

1
1
~

—
**

7
1
6

-

-

-

“

-

—
—
-

“

15
15

15
2
13

41
8
33

16
16

31
9
22

37
10
27

23
2
21

3
2
1

9
2
7

7
1
6

5
5

—

-

—

-

-

—

—

•
-

2
-

_
-

3
3

9
1
8

9
3
6

41
14
27

27
5

12

23
5
18

6

2

8
6

—

-

4

2

1
1

-

10

50
24
26

20

22

23
13
10

•
“

16
16

39
1
38

73
3
70

83
23
60

72
16
56

87
29
58

36
12
24

56
10
46

11
7
4

24
12
12

10
5
5

6

-

3
3

1
1

-

4

9
1
8

“

—
”

~

5 9 . 0 C - 7 3 .5 0
6 2 .5 0 - 7 2 .5 0
5 8 .5 0 - 7 5 .0 0

—
-

—
-

10
10

46
46

52
13
39

18
3
15

25
11
14

4

4

2

-

9

17

3

1

-

-

_

-

-

-

4

4

2

-

9

17

3

1

•

•

•

•

~

5 8 .0 0 - 6 5 .5 0
5 7 .5 0 - 6 4 .0 0
5 8 .0 0 - 6 7 .0 0

T
—

.
-

8
2

37
16
21

39
15
24

21
5
16

6

2
1
1

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

NGKEN

See footnotes at end of table,




9 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
1 00.50 100.50
9 7 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

-

-

6

2

-

6

_2

2

-

4
16

2

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., January 1968)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of workers : eceiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
r

WOMEN -

Average
weekly
Hours1
standard)

i

S

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

S
130

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

-

_

_

1

37
26

44
32

52
17

37
17

26
9

14
5

22
6

8
2

21
3

7
3

27
10
17

35
10
25

10
6
4

16
6
10

13
9
4

18
6
|
12

4
l
3

16
9
7

$

*
40

M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

t

$

1

$

t

S

$

$

$

$

%

S

t

t

t

i

14C

150

160

170

lbC

140

150

16C

170

lbO

19C

3
3

4
-

-

-

"

20
13
7

10
3
2

6
4
2

3
3

“
“

-

**

~

-

-

“

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

-

-

-

-

**

~

and
under

tCNTINUEC.

ClFR K S« 0 * 0 E R ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

276
123

4 0 ,0
4 0 .0

$
79.00
7 4.50

.$
75.50
71.00

$
$
6 8 .5 0 - 8 9 .00
6 6 .0 C - 8 0 .5 0

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

194
92
102

39.5
4 0 .0
39.0

87 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
82.50

83.00
8 9.00
75.50

7 1 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0

~

-

-

~

16
7
9

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUF AC TUP I N G ------------------------------

169
50
119

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

77.50
80 .5 0
76.00

79 .0 0
78 .0 0
79.50

6 6 .0 0 - R5.00
7 1 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
6 5 .0 0 - 8 5 .0 0

_
-

5
5

11
7
4

24
2
22

10
2
d

18
11
7

21
6
15

38
8
30

17
17

9:
5
4

3
2
1

7
2
5

2
2

-

_
~

~

4
3
1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

126
53
73

39.0
4 0 .0
38.5

85 .5 0
91.50
81 .5 0

84 .0 0
9 1 .50
8 1 .00

7 4 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

_
“

7
7

_
“

_
-

4
4

6
6

17
5
12

17
11
6

16
5
11

10
4
6

12
6
6

6
5
l

16
9
8

13
9
4

2
2

•

~

KEYPUNCH OPERA ICRS, CLASS f t -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

312
56
254

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
19.5

73.50
72 .0 0
74.00

72.00
71.50
72.00

6 7 .0 0 - 7 6 .5 0
6 7 .0 0 - 75 .0 0
6 7 .0 0 - 7 7 .00

—
~

—

—

22

61
13
48

102
21
81

49
6
43

10
3
7

11
1
10

6
**
6

5

-

10

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

33
10
23

10

3

67
54

40.0
39.5

6 7 .00
67.50

6 4 .5 0
66.00

6 1 .5 0 - 6 9 .5 0
6 2 .0 0 - 70.00

"

10
7

27
18

16
16

6
5

3
3

3
3

6
6

38
8
30
-

60
28
32
~

85
14
71
2

123
65
58
~

79
27
52
16

48
21
27
11

28
11
17

13
10
3

7
7

9
3
6

4
-

4

-

_
-

_
-

6

1
1
-

3
3

-

-

-

”

-

OFFICE GIRLS — — —
NONMANUFACTURING

—

—

——

—

SECRETARIES3----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 --------------------------

86 C
315
545
49

39.5
9 5 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 6 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
39.5
39.5 114.00

8 0 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
90 .0 0
91.00 8 2 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
89.50 7 9 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
117.00 1C7.0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

-

—

-

_
“

_
-

9
9
-

_
-

_
-

-

9 2 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

-

-

97.50
9 8 .0 0
9 7.50

95.00
95.50
95.00

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7

1
1

4 0 .0
40 .0
3 9 .5

100.50
103.00
9 9 .00

93 .5 0
99.50
91.50

8 4 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
3 4 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

_
-

_
-

“

-

374
127
247

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

88.00
38.00
88.00

8 4 .00
84.00
84.00

7 6 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -----------------------

387
141
246
54

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

81.00
8 4 .0 0
79.50
92.50

78.00
83.50
7 5.50
79.00

7 0 .5 0 - 8 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0 - 8 4 .00
7 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

_
“

_
-

_
-

3

STENOGRAPHERS. S F M C R ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PIJRLIC U T IL IT IE S 4------------------------

147
45
102
25

39.0
97.00
97.00
39.5 100.50 100.00
39.0
95.00
95.00
39.0
95.50 1C2.50

8 2 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------

26

4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0 -1 0 6 .OC

-

-

-

39.5
4 0.0
39.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS R -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

199
71
128

39.0
4 0 .0
38 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

215
86
129

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUF A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NCNMANUFACTUPING ---------------------------

See footnotes at end of



table,

82
64

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

9 1 .50
6 6 .50
65.00

89.00
64.00
63 .0 0

5 2 .5 0 - 80 .0 0
4 9 .5 0 - 79 .0 0

9
9

71
34
37
1

87
34
53
13

4

~

19
7
12

30i
13i
i/i

27
14
13

30
11
19

15
2
13

15
4
11

3
2
1

-

“

5
3
2

4
4

-

9
2
7

32
14
18

39
16
23

1$
l
15|

11
6
5

25
10
15

21
6
13

18
11
7

9
6
3

1C
7
3

4
4

4
4

“

-

46
19
27

51
7
44

75
36
39

55
17
38

16
5
11

25
8
17

24
11
13

27
9
18

15
6
9

10
1
9

“

-

*

-

-

6b
13
55
6

76
29
47
13

51
10
41
6

57
27
30
1

38
19
19

25
16
9
6

15
8
7

16
13
3

3
2
6
6

9
9
9

-

-

-

-

“

*

“

-

-

~

-

~

5
3
2
2

11
4
7

15
7
8
7

2
l
1
1

16
7
9
1

21
4
17
8

20
11
9
5

14
5
9
l

8
2
6

-

-

“

*

-

-

3

5

1
1

7
7

9
5
4

4
4

24
3
16

16
1
15
4

-

2

4

-

-

2

4

4
4

79
20
59
2

12
11
1

20
20

~

7
7

114
40
74
~

16
8
8

4
4
~

~

8
8

2
2

3
2
6

7
7

-

-

8
6
2

“

3

“

16
16j

4
4

“

-

~

1
1

4
4

1
1

2

-

•

-

68
27
41

“

~

105.00 100.50
103.00 100.00
107.00 101.00

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1

-

16
8

4
4

~

1

2

4

8

11

-

-

8

11

~

~

15
4
11
2

4

2

-

2

9

-

1

-

-

-

-

*

-

4
4

1

1
1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

6

8

5

5

5

4
2

2

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Memphis. Tenn.—
Ark., January 1968)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

•Number of workers receiving straigh
$

$

$

$

$

!
t

i1

i
!

J
i

4
i

$

i
4

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

110

120

130

140

40
M ean23
4

M edian 2

Middle range 2

%
$
i
i
14C
150
160
170

180

and
under
150

160

170

180

190

W
OMEN - CCNUNUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTIONISTSMANORACTllR IN G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

200
66
134

39.5
40.0
39.5

$
77.00
82.00
74.50

$
73.00
80.50
69.50

$
6 6 .0 0 7 3.00 63.50 -

$
82.50
86.00
78.00

-

~

1
1

7
7

36
36

34
9
25

38
14
24

21
8
13

27
19
8

8
1
7

2
2
-

8
6
2

3
1
2

6
2
4

TA8ULATING-PACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS a ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

49
40

39.0
39.0

85.00
81.50

83.50
71.00

63.50-IC 1.00
63.00- 99.00

“

“

“

“

17
17

3

2
2

1
~

3

3

~

6
5

5
5

4
2

2
2

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE CPFRAT0RS*
OF NFR A . — — —— — — — — — — —
L
m anufacturing -------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING---------------------------

134
36
98

40.0
40.0
40.0

76.50
72.00
78.00

73.00
69.50
74.00

6 8.50 - 81.50
6 7.00- 76.00
70.00 - 83.50

“

“

—
-

-

10
1

34
19

41

12

2

_

34

8

4

7

3
1
2

1

-

10
3

4

4

15

13
1
12

4

7

9

4

1

2

-

TYPISTS. CLASS A -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

134
79

39.5
39.0

83.00
78.50

78.50
75.00

6 9.50 - 91.50
6 7.50- 90.00

“

"

-

8
8

28
24

10
6

29
16

20

3

12
4

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

10
7

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS. CLASS e -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUF AC1UR ING ---------------------------

410
78
332

39.5
40.0
39.5

68.00
70.00
67. 50

66.50
68.50
66.00

62.00 - 72.50
6 3 .0 0 - 80.00
62.00 - 72.00

-

-

-

125

104
16
88

54
12
42

28

29

2

7
22

16
12
4

3

~
50
7

22

43

103

26

3

10
P

5

-

-

-

-

-

5

~

•

1

_

_

-

-

-

"

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

3

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the
higher rate.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.— r k ., January 1968)
A
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikets

Avenge
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$
65

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

and
under
70

$
70

$

$

$

$

$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
$
100 105 n o
115 120 125 130 135 140 15C 160 170 180 190

75

80

85

90

95

80

85

90

95

100

105

“
75

no

115

120- 125 _13Q.. JUS

14.9

^150

169

179

180

190

200

M
FK
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------------------

33

$
$
$
$
39.5 156.50 157.00 140.50-177.00

-

-

_

-

_

_

.

_

_

_

1

4

2

1

7

5

l

8

1

3

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------y M r M Tim f nir
“ AAiiiCAr 1uH i A
i)IU l*
fi?

73
37

40.0 124.00 118.50 115.00-129.50
40.0 129.00 126.00 116.50-142.50

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

8
2

7
“

28
13

“

11
6

“

5
2

8
8

"

2
2

1
1

“

“

noACTCMCM

52

40

4

4

3

8

12

8

5

2

1

3

42

40.0 114.00 119.00 95.00-132.00
116.50 121.00 108.00-132.00

1

1

1

3
3

-

-

4
3

3
2

6
6

ri

acc

r - -

_

*

92.50

88.00

81.50-101.00

1

1

“

W EN
CM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL CREGISTEREOI ----u AA
itiiTA run INI, — — — — — — —
r
PdNJPnulUI' tAir —
—
—

5
4

4
4

2
2

6
6

3
1

2
2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates),
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l.




1
1

-

-

-

-

and the earnings correspond

10
Table A-3. Office. Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., January 1968)
Average
Number
of
woikers

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
'standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
95
32
63

37

39.5
40.0
39.5

87.00
80.00
92. CC

RliOKKEHP ING-M ACFINF CFERA TORS.
2C3
KANUFACTLP INC " • " — — —
——
NCNMANUF ACTUP ING ———————

—
——

1A P

—

40.0
40.0
40.0

77.00
83.00
75.50

323
142

ri a jc a
l l f lc o A
————-

181

40.0 1C8.50
40.0 118.00
40.0 101.50

/ r o i/ t
•
A T T f l* I I 1 I;
f.LrKK5» AI.1 11 AT 1WT ♦ f |l AOJ ;»
..
N IN
l ACC ')
I l,n |l\l:
NCNMANUFACTUPING --------------------------

589
139
450

39.5
40.0
39.5

C cRKS » r l i t • 1 1A i j c
.l
M
AfuJF ACTUR ING —'— — — — _ _ _ _ _ _ _
——
NCNMANUF AC TUP ING — — — — —
—

151
27
164

39.5
40.0
39.5

r l r iii/ C r I L c llA o ^ l
ULrKKSt CYl r i r 1 ACC c
M
ANUF ACTUR ING
NCNMANUF AC TUP I NG — — — — — — —
— — —— ——

83.50
8 8 .0 0

82.00
69.50
6 8 .0 0

NCNMANJFACTUPING

_

SECRETARIES------ -— — — — —
—
u amir a t
i d i in
r a n .i i c At,tl iU i M ri
K
— — —— • « •—» • » ———
—
— « ——« • « »
—
a r a u iM iir a r t iio r a r
NCN” ANlJrAl IUW1 M-* j
P lJ H l 1C Ll ILIT ItS —
— — —
———

88.50
94.50
83.00

r ccc A T P D C
1 Pc«AltKo . •
HANliFACTUR INI; ——————

• « « « «

170

———
—— ~ —
n c n m a n i j f a c t u p i n g ----------------------------------

KEYPUNCH UPFR ATCR S • CLASS A
MANUFACTUR ING ~ —
—
~~
M N M A N 'J r f L I UK 1
AC

— — ——
—
—————
*

———————— —
— ——— — —

12 0

40.0
39.5
40.0

78.00
80.50
76.50
86 00

^54
73

40*0
38.5

92.00
81.50

n

260

39.5

139

39 5
40*0
39.5

107

39. 5
•^1 «
Z.

39*5

aa

sn

95 00
96.50
94.50
115.00

68'

39;5 105100
40.0 103.00
39.0 107.00

p
C —— ——— —
—
—
aA ii* ar 1UK 1 »
ii
t ii/ — — — — — — — —
nAIMir At t < r. tl\U — — —
—
—
AiPAiii A in r Pt 1t n t Irb
AA IJr i r T iUK I A r
W wW
ljIM
"
"
"
*
■1

£Ul/
72
128

ccrncr Aa t r c ♦ ILP oj t — — — — — —
t
n acc r —
l r l H r l a* 1r o
s
—
fti AMI 1C A |UK INI:
r A IJ At, T IIO 1AIT — — — — — — — —
IM r T
——— —
— —
A im iiA A iiir flt t u n t Air —
A N IJr a t I UK I Nt
—
———— —
———

2 17
88

t 9#0

129

39»5

17 l
Oi7
127
250
26

ua cn
An n
HU•u 90* DU
40.0 8 8 . 0 0
40.0
89.00
40.0 115.00

392

39.5

r T r i i r ri ' i A n u r n 5 • S nM i t K — .. — —
r r r n — ..—
.
... —
5 i c N U ^ ArHrK f
—— —
U Pl\ Ur At T im lA tr —— — — ——— — — ——
I AAlllC A P 1UK INI;
*1
— —
—
Ain a. «i AnIUr a t lUKiWU
W INm m i ic Pi. T im t Air — — — — — —
it a
——
—— —
m j o l t r U I1L r 1 r
r t in i I t i t t i 1t t11ro^
*• — — —
——

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
77.00.
82.00
74.50

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD 0 PEPATCR-RECfcFT IONISTSMANUFACTURING---------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUPING ----------------------------------

134

39.5
40.0
39.5

TABULATING-MACHINE CFERATCRS.
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------

32

138.00

TABULATING-MACHINF OPERATORS*
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

90
74

39.5
39.5

92.50
89.00

TABULATING-*ACHINF CFFRATCRS*
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

32
26

38.0
37.5

65.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACFINF CPFRATGRS.
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

134
36
98

40.0
40.0
40.0

76.50
72.00
78.00

TYPISTS. CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR IN G ----------------------------------

137
58
79

39.5
40.0
39.0

83.5C
91.00
78.50

TYPISTS, CLASS e ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------

42 9
78
351
36

39.5
71.00
40.0
70.00
39.5 71.00
39.5 103.00

nn
69. 00

in

39«0
40.0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

200
66

ao

52

27
41

c

$
75.00
71.50
75*50

c r H n r i*M r ,T 7| i r
J p lr . j p 1 A p f c c ♦ l l F, er

STFNOGRAPHFPS* GENERAL--------------------u a a ih c Arrno f u r
nAlrUr A t 1UK INI: — — — — — — — —
——
—
——
AUAWAINUr P TTIIO 1Ar — — — — — ———
lH iU
W W ANlliC At l U r I n b
—— —
n im i t /- i i n i t t i c f l . .
r U “ Lit, w l f t l l J l l T O

39.5
40.0
39.0

r r - N r 1r « r ^ n
jc
v.i;r O t C^r 1fcK

MANUFACTUR ING ——————
NCNMANUF K TLR ING —— —

175
204
95
109

«

——— — — ————

62.00
60.50

Cl.tHKSf PAYHlll
MANUFAC TUPING
A ,r k ii a ktie At T i i o t K
i
ir
IN IN^ANiJr ir lUrlWu
I.

•

a
a

39.5
40.0

82.00
85.00

-

r L Aao o
cp
Ii

115
39

40.0
40.0

2n

^ ____ z

c c r n c T A o itc
n a c J 1,
•lrlKCI AKir.)i l l POc n — — — — — —
—
——
u A i u r A m i n tur
. .—
.
rAMJrAt i UK IN b —
— ——— — —
— —
—
NONMANUFACTURING — — —
— —
—
—
—
PUBLIC U T IllT IF S 3 -----------------------

22C

..... ...... ,

---------------------------------

70.00

Cle r k s , order — ---------------------—
— —
n A Ur At 1lir 1 il:
IN
n
Mi i\ AUIJr PI. IU“ 1 l\ »
“
v

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

r rc nA CKc
cc
u»nr K A IT r n o t r Li Aao o r> —
I
l
—
MANUFACTUR ING ~ —— ——— ----------————

nIT r 1 L h .wiv/r AA U r I K I 5 — — — — —
f r- r i r .• nIJYS a a it U r c i c
—
U AM 1CAl* TliU IMT
HAIMJr A T | U r Inltr
—
NON V.ANU* / CTUKING —— ——— — ——— ——
2

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikers

98 00
98.50

ln ^ * n n
104.00
99.00

81.50
tn

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

59
39.5 97.00
3Q #5 100.50
104

ao *n
39,0

DRAFTSMEN. CLASS A

------------------------------------

36

39.5 158.50

o7*nn
97. 00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS R -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------------

73
37

40.0 124.00
40.0 129.00

--------

26

40.0

91.50

DRAFTSMEN. CLASS C -----------------------------

52

SWITCHH0AR0 OPERATORS. CLASS B -------W lJN n A W llr P1 IUK I I b —— —— — —— ——
#
N
—

82
64

40.5
41.0

66.50
65.00

NURSFS. IN0LSIRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

42
34

40.0 114.00
40,0 116,50

SWITCHBOARD CFFPATCPS. CLASS A

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 May include workers other than those presented separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




6 8 .0 0

•
M
o
o

a/ t u k r i n r
t
>• AUtl U l' 1 1IMs •
UAk.llC \r 1 1Il> I Air
r AmJr At, T UK IN I* "
NCNMANUF AC TL'H ING

CONTINUED

i /rrY rn m -t H
K u U N ru

f e rl o c r A i i i cr c3 ♦
j c r r l AK 1
Ul h

-

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

•d
-

65

40.5
40.0
10.5

$
83.50
79.00
85.50

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

o
o

BIKERS. MACHINE (FILLING

Number
of
woikers

92.50

earnings

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., January 1968)

Hulyeiwg
or a ins1
N L

Occupation and industry division

o
f
wres Mn3Mia 2 Md rne2
okr
e 2 e n idle ag
a d

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of
t
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
S
$
$
i
$
$
i►
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 ;>•40 2.50 2. 60 2. 80 3.00 3.,20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4. 20 4.40
*
and
and
1.40 under
L.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.0C 2.10 2.20 2• 30 2.40 2
>.50 2.60 2. 80 3.,00 3.20 3.,40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4. 40 over

94
65
29

$
3.12
3.01
3.36

$
3.33
3.33
3.39

$
2 .4 72.352.62-

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE ~
MANUFACTURING --------------------

217
208

3.53
3.57

3.68
3.69

3.28- 3.85
3.36- 3.85

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------

102
73
29

3.20
3.45
2.58

3.33
3.46
2.77

2.82- 3.69
3.14- 3.91
1.83- 3.17

FIRFMFN, STATICNARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING --------------------

146
128

2.49
2.53

2.53
2.55

1.61- 3.27
1.59- 3.28

HFLPERS* MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFAC TURING - j -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------

168
135
33
30

2.53
2.45
2.87
3.00

2.91
2.58
3.16
3.17

1.941.933 .1 13 .1 2-

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

163
159

3.50
3.51

3.68
3.69

3.15- 3.84
3.21- 3.85

MECHANICS. ALTCMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING - r -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------

404
97
30 7
268

3.36
2.93
3.49
3.60

3.64
2.69
3.69
3.71

2.972 .5 13 .4 83 .5 9-

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

822
608

3.30
3.31

3.47
3.48

3.00- 3.69
3.0 2- 3.70

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

97
97

3.63
3.63

3.78
3.78

3.30- 3.92
3 .3 0- 3.92

n ilF R S -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

61
61

2.89
2. 89

3.21
3.21

2.04- 3.60
2.04- 3.60

PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

54
36

3.14
3.24

3.50
3.62

2.56- 3.73
2.58- 3.68

PIPEFITTER S. MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------

94
94

3.65
3.65

3.80
3.80

3.35- 3.88
3.35- 3.88

TGCl ANO DIE MAKERS ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

82
82

3.68
3.68

3.69
3.69

3.10- 4.14
3.10- 4.14

.CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE-----MNUFACTUP I N G ------------------- .
■
NCNMANUFAC T U R IN G --------------

$
3.64
3.45
4.36

2.98
2.95
3.23
3.23

3.75
3.62
3.77
3.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
1

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

_
-

6

_
-

_
-

_
-

5

-

-

_
_

6

7
7

4
-

~

4
4
-

1
1
“

1
-

“

4
4

_
-

-

-

-

_

~

-

6
5

_
-

1

-

1

-

1

12
12

5
4

5
3

8
6

8
8

9
9

6
3
3

7
3
4
4

10
10
“

-

-

~

“

~
_
-

_

_
~

~

—

3
3

4
4

1
-

12

_
~

_
”

-

-

-

_

_
-

_
_

_
“

_
-

_

8
8

_

_
“
_

-

-

-

1

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

_
_

_
~
1
1

-

-

_

-

-

1

6
5
1

7
6
1

7
5
2

10
10

11
9

20
20

11
10

74
74

43
42

28
28

7
4
3

7
4
3

13
8
5

10
9
1

12
ll
1

11
11
~

8
7
1

11
10
l

7

.

4
4

46
46

12
12

_

_

16

11
1
10
10

-

_
-

64
64

-

~

-

24
22
2

-

*

4
-

_

_

~

~

_
-

_

_

_

~

~

~

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

4
4

2
2

12
12

18
14

17
17

2
2

41
41

49
49

11
11

1

4
4
-

16
14
2
2

10
2
8
8

-

2
2

28
26
2
2

13
5
8

4
2
2
2

23
6
17
7

45
6
39
39

180
18
162
162

42
7
35
35

-

~

20
6
14
6

31
31

15
12

16
16

6
6

24
24

38
32

75
72

98
98

57
57

222
220

122
122

116
116

2
2

_

_

_

2
2

4
4

5
5

12
12

4
4

25
25

43
43

2
2

8
8

14
14

3
3

15
15

_

-

1
~

“

2
2

4
4

4
4

1
1

_

3

“

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

“

“

1
1

~

1
“

_

-

_

“

-

-

“

1
1

“

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

10
10

~

4
4

4
1

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

30
30

26
26

1
1

*

-

3

3
1

.

“
_
“
_
“
_

“

-

7
5

15
15

47
47

17
17

6
6

_

_
-

_

_

”

~

15
15

_

_
“
_
“
_

“

“

2

4

5
4
1

_
-

6
6

“

1
“
_

-

_

*

-

_

12
2

-

_

-

1

_

1
-

9
7
2

16
16

_

2
2

2
2

3
3

~

5
5

21
21

-

1

4
4

7
4
3

-

2
~

_

2

-

2
1
1

11
8

-

_

_

_

-

-

26
26

-

-

5

10
9
1

10
8

-

_
_
“
_

-

~

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and. late shifts.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

~

5
~

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

~

“

32
32

-

-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.— r k ., January 1968)
A
Hourly earnings 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation* and industry division
1

woAers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

U nde

a

1 . 4 Cl

%
1 .5 0

- f ......... $
1 .6 0 1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 • 00

$
2 . 10

S
2 . 20

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

S
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

i
$
$
3 .0 0 . 3 , 2 C 3 .4 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 • 1C

2 . ,2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

1 .8 0

$

1 .6 0

13

48

2 .6 2

3 .0 2

1 .5 2 1 .7 3 -

3 .2 5

~

6

79

2 .9 9

3 .2 2

2 .8 5 -

3 .2 7

28

1 .5 6

1 .5 6

1 .5 1 -

1 .7 2

-

6

14

1 .4 1 2
530
882

1 .8 0

1
1
1
1

-

2 .0 4
2 .5 2
1 .6 9
2 .6 3

41
-

447

2 .1 3
1 .6 1
2 .1 5

1 .6 6
2 .0 4
1 .5 0
2 .0 3

131
24
107

359
98
261

1 .5 5
1 .6 6

1 .5 1
1 .5 6

1 .5 1

1 .4 5 1 .5 2 1 .4 4 -

1 .6 0
1 .6 0
1 .6 1

18
4
14

151
10
141

27

1 .9 2

1 .4 8
1 .6 7

1 .6 3 -

2 .6 3

“

3

2

254
199
55
12

125
42
83
3

101
30
71

148
21
127

181
14
167

145
61

85
-

84

21
14
7

16
8
8

42
9
33

30
18
12

25
23

58
50

36
19

-

3
-

9
-

3
3

3

9

3 .6 0

_

65

.4
.8
.4
.8

7
0
4
3

390
14

41

42
405
4

3
3
-

-

2 .2 1
2 .0 3
2 .2 4

PACKFRS. SHIPPING ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

404

2 .4 7

120
284

2 .7 8
2 .3 4

2 .9 3
1 .9 9

1 .6 9 1 .8 4 -

3 .8 3
3 .2 3

PACKFRS. SHIPPING CWCMENI -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

177
108

1 .7 2
1 .5 9

1 .6 2
1 .5 6

1 .5 3 1 .5 1 -

2 .0 2
1 .6 5

_

RFCEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

199
59

2 .4 6
2 .3 9

2 .0 0 -

2 .9 3
2 .8 9

-

140

2 .4 9

2 .3 7
2 .3 7
2 .3 8

SHIPPING C L E R K S -----------------*-------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

188
84

2 .6 3

2 .4 9

_

_

-

-

104

2 .8 5

2 .1 1
2 .8 8

3 .5 0
2 .7 9

_

2 .3 5

2 .C 5 2 .0 2 2 .2 1 -

3 .5 4

~

“

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

77
63

2 .8 7

2 .8 3

2 .5 9 -

3 .2 3

-

-

2 .9 3

2 .8 7

2 .6 5 -

3 .1 9

“

TRUCKORIVFRS5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------

1 .7 5 0
410
1 .3 4 0
825

2 .7 5
2 .1 1
2 .9 5
3 .4 8

3 .1 3
2 .0 2
3 .5 1
3 .5 4

1 .9
1 .7
2 .0
3 .5

3 .5 4
2 .2 8
3 .5 5
3 .5 7

12
-

246
41

1 .8 4
1 .9 8

205

1 .8 1

-

1 .8 5
1 .7 6
1 .8 8

1 .6 5 1 .6 7 -

3 .1 0
2 .2 3

-

34

1 .6 5 -

3 .1 4

-

2 .1 0

1 .7 7 -

3 .2 5

2
-

1 .6 9
1 .6 7
1 .7 1

2 .0 9 1 .9 6 -

3
0
5
2

-

1 .5 4 1 .5 9 1 .5 2 -

-

2

-

-

3 .0 0

2 .1 2
2 .2 8
2 .1 1

12

11
23

4

12

r

-

“

51

86
66
20

154
128
26
12

51
27
24

-

5
-

—

5

1

_

15
14
1
1

11
5
6

5
-

-

5

-

-

2

~

7
7
4

_
-

—

5
5

11
11

3

5

11

25
9
16
4

6
-

“

21
11
10
5

2
2
-

10
1
9

_

_

-

-

45
34
11
2

92
82
10

80
—

19
-

85

80

19

44
12
32

26
-

61
-

4
-

26

61

4

3

6

92
22
70

311
252
59

“

36

-

“

“

-

31
20

5
-

2
-

17
-

20
-

11

5

2

17

20

21
4
17

7
-

_

2
2

2
-

2
-

“

2

25
16

2

12

3

-

19
12
7

10
8
2

6
—

7
7
“

7
1
6

-

7

22

11
7
4

24
7
17

1
-

2
6
6

11
1

8
8

38
26

“

1

-

10

-

12

8
6
2

11
2
9

4

—

2
1

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

*

~

-

-

“

**

“

4
4

48

29
27
2

16
6
10

5
5
-

12
-

39
4

28
7

12

35

21

49
15
34

9
9

42
42

3
3

-

9

42

3

94
90
4

-

6
4

_

“

4
4
4

_

_

_

-

_
_

—
_

“

“

7
7

-

_

_

108
85
23
17

158
94
64
64

7

69

2
2

—
_

_

66
66

17
—

17
-

17

17

99
65
34

13
3
10

115
105
10

2
46

4
-

40
-

4

40

1

5
3
2

2
2

2
—
2

1
1

59
56
3

80
64
16
14

1
1
1

7
4

69
69

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

78
6

-

192
-

“

-

72

-

192

-

1
1

-

100
-

1
1

2

-

“

18
15
3

-

100

_

4
2
2

7
-

18
12
6

4
1
3

9
-

7

12
1
11

1
1

7
4
3

3
1
2

11
11

"

11
3
8

8
8

9
8

8
8

6
6

4
4

11
11
-

12
10

9
8

6
3

44
-

2

1
1

3

44

1

_

3
1

_
_
“

-

6

_
-

2
2

14
11
3
_

_

_

5
5

-

-

-

22
22

13
13

_

_

23
1
22

-

4
2
2

47
-

2
2

11
11

4

11
9

30
30
-

“

170
22
148
76

_

—

-

4

9

3

5

_

744
732

_
.

2
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

47

744

9
9

13
13

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

-

“

8
_

5

_

_

—

8
'




_

-

7

“

22
-

13
56

64
50
14

35
1

“

52
12

30
28
2

11
2
9

10
3
7

69

“

119
119
-

4
2

80
22
58
3

-

9

“

91
39

_

2

i

“
94
42
52

5
2

15

1 .1 0 4
165
939

2

3 .4 3

1
“

8

8
8
-

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

2 .9 1

5
-

1

51
-

1 .9 6 | 1 . 6 3
1 .9 9
1 .6 2
1 .8 5
1 .6 3
3 .1 6
2 .9 3

193
113
80
12

-

5
1

99
63
36

2 .1 2
2 .1 4
2 .9 8

2 .6 1

10

55
20
35
17

2 .1 3 l

2 .5 7

8

85
33
52
3

1 .2 8 6
648
198

-

9

5

149
33
116
4

1 .9 3 4 1

-

15

5

-

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANOLING -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -----------------------PIJtil IC LTIL IT IE S 4--------------------

See footnotes at end of table.

over

$

1 .5 6

o
*
•

1 .7 0

$

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

TRUCKORIVFRS. LIGHT CUNOER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

_

and
1 .6 0

1 .7 4

590
107

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANC CLEANERS
I WOMEN) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUF AC T U R IN G -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------

3 .8 0

and

$

GUAROS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANC CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUF A C T U P IN G -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------

i
1
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

under
1 .5 0

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$
3 .6 C

o
o
•
*

S
1 .4 0

Number

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.— r k ., January 1968)
A
Number of workers receiving

Hourly earnings1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

S
1.40
Mean34
5

Median3

Middle range3

Under
1.40

H

$

S

S

$

3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00
and

1.60

1.70 1.8C 1.90 2 .0 0 2
>.10 2 . 20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0

3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

over

CONTINUED

JRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS* -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - r ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

$
2.7 1
1.8 9
2 .9 7
3 .4 6

$
3 .1 4
1.93
3 .5 1
3 .5 3

*$
1 .9 0 1 .6 0 2 .0 0 3 .5 0 -

$

594
145
449
320

TRUCKORIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*~
TRAILER T Y P E * --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUPIKG - - ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

665
81
584
379

3.08
2.05
3 .22
3.5 6

3.5 1
2 .2 4
3 .5 2
3 .5 5

2 .9 1 1 .4 6 3 .1 1 3 .5 3 -

3.5 6
2 .5 9
3.56
3.5 8

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY COVER 4 TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE* ------------

170

2 .5 9

2 .0 9

2 .0 4 - 3 .2 6

_
-

3.5 4
1.99
3.55
3.57

TRUCKERS. POWFR CFCRKLIFT* -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING - - ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-----------------------

705
485
220
128

2 .2 7
2.37
2 .0 6
1.8 9

2.2 5
2 .3 8
1.70
1.64

1 .6 4 - 2.99
1 .6 8 - 3.1 9
1 .6 2 - 2.6 2
1 .5 5 - 1.69

TRUCKERS. POWER COTHER THAN
FORKLIFT* -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

124
122

2.91
2 .9 3

3 .1 1
3 .1 2

2 .7 3 - 3.4 4
2 .7 4 - 3 .4 4

1
2
3
4
5

1

and
under
1.50

jTRUCKDRI V E R S 5 -

>
S
*
S
*
$
$
1
$
%
1.50 1.6 0 1.70 1.80 1 .9 0 2
>.00 2 . 10 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

~

_
-

56
32
24

32
32
-

7
7

9
9

7
1
6

49

-

-

-

-

22
7
15

~

-

6

12
12

82
2
80
76

85
61
24
“

10
4
6
-

1
1

1
1
“

1
1
~

100

1

20
15
13
2

35
22
13
-

-

12
12

14
14

49

6
“

—

6
6

-

“
12
12

~

3
3

243

-

243
243

-

-

•

-

-

-

•

“

“
-

2

10
10

44

68

-

391

-

-

2

11
11

8
~
8

44

68
-

_

391
379

-

-

-

-

-

13

36

-

-

115
107
8
8

12
12
12

2
2

34
34

-

"

“

38
13
25
25

2

78
62
16
16

-

135
62
73
65

40
31
9

31
17
14

14
14

_

6

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




45
12
33
“

—

23
6
17
“

6

14
4
10

9
4

5

1
1
“

-

-

-

50
48
2

-

56
53
3

13
10

3

24
4

12

20

2
2

10

16
16

19
19

15
12
3

-

-

-

10
10
-

-

3
3

-

-

-

14
B.

Establishm ent Practices and Supplementary W age Provisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W orkers

(Distribution pf establishments studied in a ll industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Memphis, Tenn.— r k ., January 1968)
A
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
industries

40

A ll
schedules

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

Establishm ents studied_________________________________ —

Other inexperienced c le ric a l w orkers
Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

174

65

XXX

109

XXX

174

65

XXX

109

XXX

42

15

15

27

24

53

21

21

32

28

00_______________________________________________
under $ 57. 50__________________________________
under $60. 00------------------------------------------------under $62.50------------------------------------------------under $ 65. 00__________________________________
under $67. 50------------------------------------------------under $ 70. 00------------------------------------------------under $ 72. 50__________________________________
under $ 75. 00-----------------------------------------------under $ 77. 50------------------------------------------------under $ 80.00------------------------------------------------under $ 82. 50------------------------------------------------under $ 85. 00------------------------------------------------under $ 87. 50-----------------------------------------------under $ 90.00------------------------------------------------over_____________________________________________

1
11
2
5
10
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
3

_
6
3
2
2
1
-

_
6
3
2
2
1
-

-

-

1
5
2
2
8
2
1
1
1
1
1
2

4
2
2
7
2
1
1
1
1
1
2

2
15
4
5
11
3
4
2
1
2
1
3

9
3
2
4
1
1
1

9
3
2
4
1
1
1

2
6
4
2
9
3
1
1
1
1
2

1
5
3
2
8
3
1
1
1
1
2

Establishments having no specified m inim um --------------------

33

12

XXX

21

XXX

42

15

XXX

27

XXX

Establishm ents which did not employ w orkers
in this category_______________________________________________

99

38

XXX

61

XXX

79

29

XXX

50

XXX

Establishm ents having a specified minimum________________
Under $ 55.
$ 55. 00 and
$ 57. 50 and
$60.00 and
$ 62. 50 and
$65. 00 and
$67.50 and
$ 70. 00 and
$72. 50 and
$ 75. 00 and
$ 77.50 and
$ 80. 00 and
$ 82. 50 and
$85.00 and
$ 87.50 and
$90.00 and

1

1

These sala rie s relate to form ally established minimum starting (hirin g) regu lar straight-tim e sa la rie s that a re paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as m essen ger o r office g ir l.
Data are presented for a ll standard workweeks combined, and fo r the most common standard workweek reported.







15

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential.
Memphis, Tenn.— rk., January 1968)
A
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—

Shift differential

In establishments having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
work

Total.

83.8

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

57.7

14.4

7.3

With shift pay differen tial...

69.6

51.5

11.4

6.3

Uniform cents (per hour)

50.5

41.4

8.7

5.4

.2
1.7
2.4
.1
.9
.7
.9

1.2
1.4
.1
.2
.3
.4

3 cents______________
5 cents — _____________
6 cents______ ____ ______
7 cents________________
8 cents______ ________ _
9 cents________________
10 cents___ __ __________
11 cents________________
12 cents...—.—__ -__ ___
13 cents.......................
I 3V3 cents————
——
14 cents— — ———
—
15 cents— ----- -------- —
16 cents——————
—
263 cents_____________
A

.8
9.1
8.4
.6
7.1
2.8
10.7
_

6.0
_

2.0
3.0

_

6.3
6.8
.5
1.3
1.5
6.9
1.5
2.8
1.2
_

_

-

-

.7

.7
.4

_

.8
.2

_

"

1.2
7.7
1.5
2.0

-

.5
.2
(2)

Uniform percentage________ _______

9.7

2.4

.9

-

6 percent—
—
—
_______
10 percent___________...— ____

1.6
8.1

1.6
.8

.7
.2

_
_

_

-

F u ll day’ s pay for reduced hours—

2.3

-

Other form al pay differential_____

7.1

7.7

1.9

.9

With no shift pay differential— _____

14.2

6.2

2.9

1.0

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering
even though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0.05 percent.

late

shifts

16

Table B-3.

Scheduled Weekly Hours!

(Percen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours 1
of first-sh ift w o rk e rs, Mem phis, Tenn.— rk ., January 1968)
A
Office workers

Plant w orkers
W eekly hours
A ll ind ustries2

A ll w orkers

—

—

___ —

— —

Under 37l/ h o u rs _________________________________
2
3 7 V2 h o u rs___
- ____ - ---Over 3 7 V2 and under 40 hours_______ __ ______ __
40 hours
Over 40 and under 44 hours__________ _______ ____
44 h o u rs___ __
_
____ __ —
Over 44 and under 48 hours_________________ _____
48 hours __ _
__ __
_ -----------

1
2
3
4
5

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

100

100

100

1
5
1
82
2
3
3
3

2
1
91
1
2
2
2

-

100
-

All industries4

100

2
11
3
82
1
1
(• )
(5)

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

100

100

5

4
24

-

94
(5)
1

Scheduled hours are the w eekly hours which a m ajority of the full-tim e w ork e rs w ere expected to w ork, whether they w ere paid for at straight-tim e or overtime rates.
Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; reta il trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0.5 percent.




-

71
-

17

Tahlc B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Memphis, Tenn.— r k . , January 1968)
A
Office workers

Plant w orkers
Item
A ll industries 1

A ll w ork e rs----------------------------------------------------

W o rk ers in establishm ents providing
paid h olidays______________________________________
W o rk ers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a y s-------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

A ll industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

95

99

4

“

5

2
1
2
1
25
(4)
19
1
16
2
1
16
1
9

.
4
1
13
23
2
15
2
25
1
15

9
10
27
29
46
65
65
90
91
93
93
96

15
16
43
43
59
82
82
95
96
100
100
100

100

100

(4)

“

“

(4)
1
(4)
46
1
1
14
(4)
13
5
1
10
1
7

3
(4)
15
26
2
16
4
18
2
15

7
8
19
23
37
52
53
98
98
98
98
99

15
17
39
39
56
83
83
97
97
100
100
100

N um ber of days
1 holiday_____________________________________________
3 h olidays______________ _____________________________
4 h olidays___________________________ ________________
4 holidays plus 1 half day__________________________
5 h olidays__________________________ _________________
5 holidays plus 1 half day--------------------------------- _
5 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ________________________
6 h olidays-------------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ________________________
7 h olidays-------------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day------------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ---------------------------------8 h olidays-------------------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day__________________________
9 h olidays--------------------------------------------------------------

-

11
8
45
31
~

-

-

12
6
48
34
1
”

Total holiday time 5
9 d a y s ________________________________________________
8y2 days or m o r e ___________________________________
8 days or m o r e — ----- ------------------------------------------7 V days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------2
7 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e ....................— ----------------------------5y2 days or m o r e ___________________________________
5 days or m o r e _____________________________________
4y2 days or m o r e ___________________________________
4 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------------1 day or m ore_______________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no half

-

31
31
77
85
85
95
95
95
95
95

-

1
34
34
82
88
88
100
100
100
100
100

Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and h alf days that add to the same amount a re combined; fo r example, the proportion of w ork ers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and
days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then w ere cumulated.




18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Mem phis, Tenn.—A rk ., January 1968)
Plant w orkers

Office w orkers

Vacation policy
A ll ind u strie s2

A ll w orkers--------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
89
9
1

100
82
18
-

100
99
1
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

Method of payment

W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations--------------------------------------------------Length-of-tim e paym ent______________________
Percentage payment--------------------------------------Othe r ____________________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations----------------------------------------------

1

(5)

Amount of vacation p a y 6

A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------- ----1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s---------------------------------2 w eeks---------------------------------------------------------------

8
12
(5)
-

13
3
-

3
30
-

3
47
1
(5)

2
36
3
1

39
•

1
79
19

85
15

_
78
21

42
58

35
65

84
16

1
46
7
45

.
60
8
32

34
23
43

16
4
81

22
(5)
78

_
24
32
44

1
17
9
71
1

.
23
15
61
2

6
94
-

6
(5)
89
4
1

9
1
82
8
■

99
1

1
17
6
75
1

22
8
69
2

6

6
(5)
89
4
1

9
1
82
8

99
1

After 1 year of service
Under 1 week,_______________________________________
1 week_______________________________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________________
A fter 2 ye a rs of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s---------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------A fter 3 ye a rs of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------After 4 ye a rs of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s---------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------------------------------3 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------

i
See footnotes at end of table.




-

94
-

19

Table R-5.
( Percent

Paid Vacations1
— Continued

distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Memphis, Tenn.— r k . , January 1968)
A
Office w orkers

Plant w orkers
Vacation policy
A ll industries2

M anuf ac tu ri ng

Public u tilities3

All ind ustries4

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

Amount of vacation p a y 6— Continued

A fter 5 y e a rs of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s------------------------------ —
2 w e e k s__________________________
_______________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------------------------------3 w e e k s______________________________________ ______
4 w e e k s_____________________________________________

3

96
3

-

-

-

98
2
"

4
84
( 5)
12
( 5)

3
79
1
17
”

_
3
42
6
45
4

7
93
-

4
46
7
36
4
4

3
49
36
8
4

5
93
2

1
5
36
4
51

3
34
6
53

7

3
43

4

90

-

-

-

3

4

3

4
43
8
38
4
4

1
5
28
1
48
4
13

-

-

-

3
22
2
49
7
17

7
64
29

1
5
26
1
31
33
1
2

3
21
2
40
30
1
3

7
1
92
-

1
5
1
80
4
9
“

77
7
12
“

1
5
40
4
47
2

-

-

1

A fter 10 y e a rs of service
Under 1 week_______________________________________
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------------------------------3 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s---------------------------------4 w e e k s_____________________________________________
A fter 12 y e a rs of service
Under 1 week_______________________________________
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------------------------------3 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s---------------------------------4 w e e k s----------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

41
8
4

90

4
34
7
43
(5)
12

3
23
2
49
1
22

4
77
20

4
27
35
( 5)
31
1
2

3
22
40
1
33
1
1

4
7
89

-

6

A fter 15 y e a rs of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------------------------------3 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s---------------------------------4 w e e k s----------------------------------------------------------------

A fter 20 y e a rs of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s________________________
3 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s______________________
4 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s________________________
5 w e e k s----------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




-

20

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations’— Continued

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Mem phis, Tenn.— r k . , January 1968)
A
Plant w orkers

Office w orkers

Vacation policy
A ll ind ustries1
2

M anuf ac turi ng

Public u tilities3

A ll industries 4
5

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

Amount of vacation p a y 6— Continued

A fter 25 y e a rs of service
Under 1 week______________________________________
1 week----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s--------------------------------3 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s______________________ —------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s--------------------------------5 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------

1
5
23
1
28
33
1
8

3
21
2
30
28
1
15

7
1
92
-

-

7
1
89
3

-

-

-

4
25
34
29
1

6

3
22
37
18
1
19

4
7
89
-

4
25
34
29
1
5
1

_
3:
22
37
18
1
15
5

_
4
7
89
1

Maximum vacation av a ilab le 7
Under 1 week ----------------------------------------------------1 week----- _--------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s--------------------------------3 weeks ,
.....„„- . _ ......,
_
..._________________
4 w p p Ics
__
__
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s--------------------------------5 w e e k s______ __ __________ ___ _________ __________
6 w e e k s_________________________ __________________

]
5
23
1
28
33
1
4
5

5
21
2
30
28
1

6
10

1 Includes basic plans only.
Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sab b atical" benefits beyond basic plans to w ork e rs with qualifying lengths
of service.
Typical of such exclusions a re plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time b a sis; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered a s 1 w eek's pay.
P eriods of service w ere chosen a rb itra rily and do not necessarily reflect the individual provision s fo r prog ressio n .
F o r exam ple, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs' service include changes in provisions occurrin g between 5 and 10 years.
Estim ates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks'
pay or m ore after 10 y e a rs includes those eligible for 3 weeks* pay o r m ore after few er y e a rs of service.
7 Estim ates of provisions fo r 30 ye a rs of service are identical.




21

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., January 1968)
A
Office workers

Plant w orkers
Type of benefit
A ll industries2

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s3

100

A ll industries4

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

92

93

95

94

95

99

47

55

62

46

66

60

W o rk ers in establishm ents providing:
Life in suran ce_____ __
__ __
__ _
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance- ______
____
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5_____ _ _ _ _
___

63

70

63

64

70

58

Sickness and accident insurance_________
Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
waiting period)____________________________
Sick leave (p artial pay or
waiting period)_______
_ ____

43

63

41

28

57

30

10

4

-

34

27

9

17

11

31

14

8

28

Hospitalization insurance_____________________
Surgical insurance____________________________
M edical in suran ce______ ___ __ _ _ ___ __
Catastrophe insurance ___ ______
. . .
Retirem ent pension. _____ __ __
No health, insurance, or pension plan__ ..

90
90
64
41
53
3

95
95
63
32
55

93
93
70
70
66
5

96
96
78
71
62
( 6)

95
95
71
55
66

98
98
85
88
61
1

1 Includes those plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as workm en's compensation, social security, andrailroad retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and serv ices, in addition to those industry divisons shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish
at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick leave allowances determined on an individual b asis are excluded.
6 Less* than 0.5 percent.




22

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by overtime prem ium pay
provisions, Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., January 1968)
A
Office workers

Plant w orkers
Prem ium pay policy

Manufacturing

Public utilitie s 2

100

100

100

83

31

43

77

83

31

43

77

.

(5)
3
27

_

4
23
50

A ll industries 1

A ll w o rk e rs___________________________________

M anuf ac tu ri rig

Public u tilities2

100

100

100

61

85

61

85

.
1
60

.
2
83

All industries,3

Daily overtim e at premium rates
W orkers in establishments having
provisions for daily overtim e p a y 4
at premium r a t e s ________________________________
Time and o n e -h a lf. __________________________
Effective after:
7 l/z h o u rs_________________________________
8 hours--------- -------------------------------------

-

83

W orkers in establishments having no
provisions for daily overtim e pay
at premium rates 6 ______________________________

-

43

60

Weekly overtim e at premium rates
W orkers in establishments having
provisions for weekly overtim e p a y 4
at premium r a t e s _________________ _____________
Time and o n e -h a lf_____________________________
Effective after:
Under 37l/z hours________________________
O ver 37l 2 and under 40 h o u rs ...______
/
40 h o u rs__________________________________
Over 40 hours. _____________________ _.

94

100

100

99

100

100

94

100

100

97

99

100

.
1
88
4

_
3
96
1

_

1
6
89
1

_

4
23
73
-

-------------

-

100
-

-

99
-

3

Fluctuating workweek prin c ip le 7-----------------W orkers in establishments having no
provisions for weekly overtim e pay
at premium r a t e s 6 ------- ---- ------.

;

6

1 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and se rv ic e s,
in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Includes w ork e rs in establishments covered by legislative requirem ents regarding prem ium pay
for overtim e, even though such w ork e rs actually do not work overtim e.
Graduated
provisions for prem ium pay are classified under the first effective prem ium rate. F o r exam ple, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours would be considered
as time and on e-h alf after 8 hours. S im ilarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at a regu lar rate after 35 hours and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and on e-h alf
after 40 hours.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes w ork ers in establishments exempt from legislative requirem ents regarding prem ium pay for overtime and w h ere, as a matter of policy, overtim e is not worked.
7 Under the principle of the fluctuating w orkweek, pay for overtim e w ork is determined by dividing
the weekly salary by the total number of hours worked during the week (to obtain the
base hourly rate for the week) and then applying the established overtim e pay ratio for overtim e hours worked.
Thus, the hourly rate of pay for overtim e de c rea se s as the number of hours
worked in creases.




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, M ACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter.
May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billin g machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc.
Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B.
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

23

24

CLERK, A C C O U N T IN G
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Woik involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following?
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, woiking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, a n d . total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Compr
tome ter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C.
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A .
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, woik requires application

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
M ay train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a ) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b )
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d ) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
M ay also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled " secretary” possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a ) Positions which do not meet the ’’personal”
secretary concept described above; (b ) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d ) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g . , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

26

SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over e idler a major corporate -wide functional activity ( e . g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25, O )
CX
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in le g a l briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy.
May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e . g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Woik requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory wodcer.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class A .

Operates

a

single-

or

multiple-position

telephone

switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine woik as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll­
time assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for c a lls.)
Class B.
Operates a single r or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

27

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR.RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work may take die major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING -M ACH INE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work.
The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA T IN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken.
As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working
supervisors performing tabula ting-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w e ll established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with
specific instructions. M ay include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B.
Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

28
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSM AN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with die design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes.
Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Woiks with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C.
Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes.
Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D R AFTSM AN-TR A CER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, M AINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow in g Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter’s hand tooIs, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




29

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician^ handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and perforjming other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials ancjl tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perforni specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, ST A T IO N A R Y
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise
these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, S T A T IO N A R Y BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
M ay clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, M AIN TEN AN C E TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

M ACHINIST, M AINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinists
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinists work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

30

M ECHANIC, A U TO M O TIV E (M AINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the follow ing Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wodc of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Wodc involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining,
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illw rights wodc normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow in g Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the wodc of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

31

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Woik involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL A N D DIE MAKER
(D ie

maker; jig

maker;

tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-forming work. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, diowers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker, stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

32

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING A N D RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order.
Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Trackdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than foiklift)

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletins is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c t o r y in d icatin g dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins
a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lle tin s m ay be purchased fro m the Superintendent o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l sales o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e

A k ro n , O hio, July 1967 1 -----------------------------------A lb a n y-S ch e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y ., A p r. 1967_______
T
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ,, A p r . 1967----------------------A lle n to w n — eth leh em —E aston , P a .— .J .,
B
N
F eb . 1967---------------------------------------------------------A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1967--------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., O ct. 1967 __________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1967P
O
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1967 1______________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, July 1967________________________
B oston, M a s s ., Sept. 1967 1--------------------------------

1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-53,
1530-71,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25
25
25
20
30
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffa lo, N .Y ., D ec. 1966 1____________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , M a r. 1967 1 ------------------------------Canton, O hio, A p r . 1967------------------------------------C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., A p r . 1967.
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p r . 1967__________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn.— a ., A u g. 1967--------------------G
C h ica g o, 111., A p r . 1967 1 -----------------------------------C in cin n ati, O hio— y .— d ., M a r. 1967----------------K
In
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1967_________________________
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1967 __________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 1967 _____________________________

1530-38,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

30
25
20
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-12,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1530-37,

?5
25
25
25
30
25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1575-30,
1530-77,
1575-2,

20
25
25
20
25

cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1530-40,
1575-28,
1530-78,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a ven p ort— ock Islan d —M o lin e , Iowa—
R
III.,
D ayton, O hio, Jan. 1967 ______________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1966----------------------------------—
D es M o in es , Iow a, F eb . 1967-----------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan. 1967 1 __________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x ., N o v . 1967 ______________________
G re e n B ay, W is . , July 1967_________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1967_________________________
Houston, T e x ., June 1967____________________________
In d ian a polis, Ind., D e c . 1966_________________________
Jackson, M is s ., F eb . 1967__________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1967 1 ---------------------------K ansas C ity , M o.— a n s ., N ov. 1967 1 ___:-------------K
L a w re n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1967_____
H
N
L it t le R ock — o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k ., July 1967__
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch and An aheim —
Santa A n aG ard en G r o v e , C a lif., M a r. 1967 1 _______________
L o u is v ille , K y .-In d ., F eb . 1967 1 ___________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1967_________________________ —
M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1967________________________
M em p h is, T enn.— r k ., Jan. 1967-----------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., D e c . 1967 1_____________________-— —— M idland and O d essa , T e x ., June 1967------------------

1

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

B u lle tin number
and p ric e

M ilw au k ee, W is ., A p r . 1967 1___________ „_________
M in n ea polis—
St. P a u l, M inn., Jan. 1967 1________
M uskegon—M uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., M ay 1967.
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F eb . 1967_______
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1967_____________________
N ew O rlea n s , L a ., F eb . 1967 1 _________-__________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1967 1
N o r fo lk — ortsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
Ham pton, V a ., June 1967 1____________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1967______________

1530-76,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1530-41,
1530-51,
1530-83,

30
30
20
25
25
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-82,
1575-4,

25 cents
20 cents

Om aha, N e b r .—
Iow a , O ct. 1967.1
________________
P a te rs o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., M ay 1967_
C
P
_
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N ov. 1966 1___________
P h o en ix, A r i z . , M a r. 1967___________________ _
P itts b u rgh , P a ., Jan. 1967 1____________________
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1967^ __________________
P o rtla n d , O r e g.— a s h ., M ay 1967________ -_
W
_
P ro v id e n c e —Paw tu ck et— a r w ic k , R .I.—M a s s .,
W
M ay 1967 1
R a le ig h , N .C ., A u g . 1967 1 ...
R ichm ond, V a ., N o v . 1 9 6 7 * ____
R o c k fo rd , 111., M ay 1967________________________

1575-21,
1530-67,
1530-35,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1575-16,
1530-79,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1575-27,
1530-68,

30
25
25
20

St. L o u is , M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1_________________
Salt L a k e C ity , Utah, D ec. 1966 1______________
San An ton io, T e x ., June 1967 1 ____ —__________
San B ern a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
O

1530-27,
1530-33,
1530-84,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1967 -----------------------San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1967 1_
_
San J o se, C a lif., Sept. 1967 L___________________
Savannah, G a., M ay 1967_______________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1967 1 ------------ — _________
S eattle—E v e r e tt, W ash ., N o v . 1967 1 __________

1575-10,
1575-19,
1530-36,
1575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30
20
30
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak ., O ct. 19671
________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1967___________________
Spokane, W ash ., June 1967 1 ______
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug
T o le d o , Ohio—M ic h ., F eb . 1967 1__
T re n to n , N .J ., N o v . 1967______
W ashington, D .C .—M d.— a ., Sept.
V
W a te rb u ry, Conn., M a r. 1967__________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1967______________
W ich ita , K a n s ., D ec. 1967______________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., June 1967_________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1967------------------------Youngstown— a rre n , O hio, N ov. 1967 1
W

1575-17,
1530-57,
1530-80,
1575-8,
1530-50,
1575-24,
1575-11,
1530-54,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1530-47,
1575-25,

25
20
25
25
30
20
25
20
20
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102