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The Manchester, New Hampshire, Metropolitan Area
J u ly

1968

U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

RE G IO N

III

PH ILA D E LPH IA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




A r e a

W a g e

S u r v e y

The Manchester, New Hampshire, Metropolitan Area




July 1 9 6 8

Bulletin No. 1 6 2 5 -4
November 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau o f L abor Statistics program o f annual
occupational wage surveys in m etropolitan areas is d e ­
signed to p rov id e data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p r o v is io n s . It
yields detailed data by selected industry division fo r each
o f the areas studied, fo r geographic re g io n s, and for the
United States.
A m a jor con sideration in the p rogra m is
the need for g rea ter insight into (1 ) the m ovem ent o f wages
by occu pation al category and sk ill le v e l, and (2 ) the s tru c­
ture and lev el o f wages among a rea s and industry d ivision s.
At the end o f each su rvey, an individual area bu l­
letin presen ts survey resu lts fo r each area studied.
A fter
com pletion o f all o f the individual area bulletins fo r a round
o f su rv ey s, a tw o-p a rt sum m ary bulletin is issued.
The
fir s t part brin gs data fo r each o f the m etropolitan areas
studied into one bulletin. The second part presen ts in fo r ­
m ation which has been p ro je cte d fro m individual m e tr o ­
politan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction________________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups___________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A.

B.

Ninety a rea s cu rren tly are included in the p r o ­
gram .
In each a re a , inform ation on occupational earn ­
ings is co lle cte d annually and on establishm ent p ra ctice s
and supplem entary wage p rov ision s biennially.
This bulletin presen ts results o f the survey in
M an chester, N. H. , in July 1968.
The Standard M e tro ­
politan S tatistical A re a , as defined by the Bureau o f the
Budget through January 1968, con sists o f the city o f M an­
ch ester; the towns of B edford and Goffstown in H illsborough
County; and H ooksett in M errim a ck County.
This study
was conducted by the B ureau 's region al o ffic e in B oston,
M ass. , under the general d irection o f Paul V. Mulkern,
A ssistant Regional D irector for O perations.




l
5

Establishm ents and w ork ers within scop e o f survey and
number stu d ied ____________________________________________________
Indexes o f standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational grou p s, and
percen ts o f in cre a se fo r selected p e r io d s ________________________
O ccupational earnings: *
A -l.
O ffice occupations—
men and wom en_______________________
A - 2.
P ro fe ssio n a l and technical occupations- men_____________
A -3 . O ffic e , p ro fe ssio n a l, and technical occupations—
men and wom en com b in ed ________________________________
A -4 .
M aintenance and powerplant occu pation s_________________
A - 5.
Custodial and m a teria l m ovem ent o ccu p a tio n s___________
E stablishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p rovision s: *
B - l . M inimum entrance sa laries fo r women o ffice
w o rk e rs___________________________________________________
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls __________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled w eekly h o u r s ___________________________________
B -4 .
Paid h olidays_______________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid v a c a tio n s _____________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, in su ran ce, and pension plans_____________________
B -7 . Method o f wage determ ination and frequency of
payment___________________________________________________

Appendix.

O ccupational d e scrip tio n s_____________________________________

❖ NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
a rea s.
(See inside back c o v e r .)
A current rep ort on earnings in the M anchester
area is a lso available fo r food s e rv ice occupations (July
1968).
Union sca le s , indicative of prevailing pay lev els,
are available fo r seven selected building trades.

iii

4
6
7

8
9
10
11

12
13
14
15
16
18
19
20




A rea

W age

S u r v e y -------

The

M a n ch e ste r,

N .H .,

M e t r o p o lit a n

A rea

Introduction
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of L a b o r's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b a s is .1 In this area, data were
obtained by person al v isits of Bureau field econ om ists to re p re se n t­
ative establishm ents within six broad industry d ivision s: Manu­
facturing; transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities;
w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
s e r v ic e s . M ajor industry groups excluded fro m these studies are
governm ent operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishm ents having few er than a p re scrib e d number of w ork ers are
om itted because they tend to furnish insufficient em ploym ent in the
occupati.ons studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided fo r each of the broad industry divisions which m eet pu bli­
cation crite ria .

Occupational employm ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i.e ., those hired to w ork a regular w eekly schedule
in the given occupational cla ssifica tion . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
mium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co s t-o f-liv in g
allow ances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are rep orted , as for office c le r ic a l occupations, referen ce is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em ­
ployees re ce iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtim e at regular a n d /or prem ium rates). A verage w eekly earn ­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half d ollar.
The averages presented reflect com p osite, areawide e s ti­
m ates. Industries and establishm ents differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differen tly to the estim ates for each job .
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
a ccu rately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs ip.
individual establishm ents. S im ilarly, d ifferen ces in average pay le v ­
els for men and wom en in any of the selected occupations should
not be assum ed to re fle ct d ifferen ces in pay treatm ent of the sexes
within individual establishm ents. Other p ossible factors which may
contribute to d ifferen ces in pay for men and wom en include: D iffe r­
ences in p ro g re ssio n within established rate ran ges, since only the
actual rates paid incumbents are collected ; and d ifferen ces in sp ecific
duties p e rform ed , although the w ork ers are cla ssified appropriately
within the same survey job descrip tion . Job descriptions used in
classifying em ployees in these surveys are usually m ore generalized
than those used in individual establishm ents and allow for m inor
d ifferen ces among establishm ents in the sp ecific duties p erform ed .

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the u nn ecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at minimum co st, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In combining the data,
h ow ever, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th e re fo re ,
as relating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are com m on to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing in du stries, and are of the
follow ing types: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p rofession a l and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m o v e ­
ment. Occupational cla ssifica tion is based on a uniform set of job
d escrip tion s designed to take account of inter establishm ent variation
in duties within the same job . The occupations selected fo r study
are listed and d escrib ed in the appendix. The earnings data follow ing
the job titles are for all industries com bined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and d e scrib e d , or fo r som e industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables, because
either (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough
data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is p o ssib ility of d isclo su re
of individual establishm ent data.

Occupational employm ent estim ates represen t the total in
all establishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure
among establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent ob ­
tained fro m the sam ple of establishm ents studied serve only to indicate
the relative im portance of the jobs studied. These d ifferen ces in
occupational structure do not affect m aterially the a ccu ra cy of the
earnings data.
Establishm ent P r a ctice s and Supplementary Wage P rovision s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

Inform ation is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage provision s as they
relate to plant and office w o rk ers. A dm inistrative, executive, and
p rofession a l em p loyees, and construction w ork ers who are utilized
as a separate w ork fo r c e are excluded. "P lant w ork ers" include

2
working forem en and all n onsu p ervisory w ork ers (including lea d men and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. "O ffice w o rk e rs"
include working su p erv isors and n onsupervisory w ork ers p erform in g
c le r ic a l or related functions. C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are
excluded in manufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.
M inimum entrance sa la ries for wom en o ffice w ork ers (table
B - l) relate only to the establishm ents visited . B ecause of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the p robability that large e sta b lish ­
ments are m ore lik ely to have form a l entrance rates fo r w ork ers
above the s u b cle rica l level than sm all establishm ents, the table is
m ore-rep re s e n ta tiv e of p o licie s in m edium and large establishm ents.
Shift differential data (table B -2) are lim ited to plant w ork ers
in manufacturing industries. This inform ation is presented both in
term s of (1) establishm ent p o lic y ,2 presented in term s of total plant
w orker em ploym ent, and (2) effective p r a ctice , presented in term s
of w ork ers actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the
survey. In establishm ents having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount
applying to a m a jority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jority,
the cla ssifica tio n "o th e r" was used. In establishm ents in which som e
la te-sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a differen tial was re co rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jority of the shift hours.
The scheduled w eekly hours (table B -3) of a m a jority of the
fir s t-s h ift w ork ers in an establishm ent are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or o ffice w ork ers of that establishm ent. Scheduled
w eekly hours are those which fu ll-tim e em ployees w ere expected to
w ork , whether they w ere paid fo r at straight-tim e or overtim e rates.
Paid h olidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension
plans; and prem ium pay for overtim e w ork (tables B -4 through B -7)
are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis that these are applicable to all
plant or office w ork ers if a m a jority of such w ork ers are eligib le or
m ay eventually qualify fo r the p ra ctice s listed. Sums of individual
item s in tables B -2 through B -7 m ay not equal totals because of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4) are lim ited to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a form a l b a sis; i.e ., (1) are provided for
in w ritten fo rm , or (2) have been established by custom . Holidays
ord in arily granted are included even though they m ay fall on a non­
workday and the w ork er is not granted another day off. The first

part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part com bines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The sum m ary of vacation plans (table B -5) is lim ited to a
statistical m easure of vacation p rov ision s. It is not intended as a
m easure of the p rop ortion of w ork ers actually receivin g sp ecific ben e­
fits. P rov ision s of an establishm ent for all lengths of se rv ice w ere
tabulated as applying to all plant or o ffice w ork ers of the establish ­
m ent, reg a rd le ss of length of s e rv ice . P rov ision s for payment on
other than a tim e b a sis w ere converted to a tim e b a sis; for exam ple,
a payment of 2 percen t of annual earnings was con sid ered as the equiv­
alent of 1 w eek 's pay. E stim ates exclude vacation-savin gs plans and
those which offer "exten ded" or "sa b b a tica l" benefits beyond b asic
plans to w ork ers with qualifying lengths of se rv ice . T ypical of such
exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
Data on health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (table B -6) in­
clude those plans fo r which the em p loyer pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a co m m e rcia l insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid d irectly by
the em ployer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. An establishm ent was con sid ered to have a plan
if the m a jority of em ployees was eligible to be covered under the
plan, even if le ss than a m a jority elected to participate because em ­
ployees w ere requ ired to contribute tow ard the cost of the plan. L e ­
gally requ ired plans, such as w ork m en 's com pensation, socia l s e ­
cu rity, and ra ilroa d retirem en t w ere excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of
insurance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made d irectly
to the insured during illn ess or accident d isability. Inform ation is
presented fo r all such plans to which the em ployer contributes. How­
e v e r, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which have enacted tem porary
d isability insurance laws which requ ire em ployer contributions, 3 plans
are included only if the em p loyer (1) contributes m ore than is legally
req u ired , or (2) p rovid es the em ployee with benefits which exceed the
requirem ents of the law. Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are
lim ited to form a l plans 4 which provide full pay or a prop ortion of the
w o r k e r 's pay during absence from w ork becau se of illn e ss. Separate
tabulations are presented accord in g to (1) plans which provide full pay
and no waiting p e rio d , and (2) plans which provide either partial pay
or a waiting p e riod . In addition to the presentation of the proportion s
of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess and accident insurance or paid
sick lea ve, an unduplicated total is shown of w ork ers who re ceiv e
either or both types of ben efits.

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
3
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days o f sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C atastroph e
ica l

in su ra n ce,

e m p loy ees
the

in

norm al

case

of

coverage

M ed ica l

in su ran ce

paym ent

of

m ercia l

in su ra n ce

be

p a id

in su ra n ce,

in clu d es
of

and

to

fees.

in ju ry

p la n s

Such

com p a n ies

for

by

the

of

re tire m e n t

em p loy er

that

reg u la r

or

m e d ica l,
m ay

a
the

for
be

as

m a jor

set
are

sp ecia l

beyond

enced w ork ers

su rg ica l

co m p le te

a sid e

for

lim ite d

or

or

p a rtia l

by

rate

stru ctu re,

m ay

for

p lan t w o r k e r s

the w o r k e r 's

life .

rate.

w ork ers.
for

each

over

a

types

of

cen tiv e
to
ual

a ll

rate

of

w age

stru ctu re

system s.

U nder

exp erien ced

w orker

for
a

w ork ers

o cca sio n a lly




d e te rm in a tio n
w ork ers
sin g le
in

m ay

the
be

rate

p a id

under

stru ctu re

sam e
paid

(ta b le

jo b

above

B -7 )

re la te s

v a rio u s
the

tim e

sam e

cla s sifica tio n .
or

b elow

the

rate
An

to

b a sic

and
is

in ­

quota

a

of

of

sam e

or

of

of

types

the

b a sis

sa les,

or

In

the

a

in l e s s

th an

represents

on

a

is

based

on

d e te rm in e
for

rate
on

co m b in a tio n

of

a

on ly
o ffice

is

p a id

p rod u ction

sta n d a rd tim e .
paym ents

the

form a l

p rov id ed

su ch p la n s

are

ex p eri­

of a

w ork er

p re d e te rm in e d

bonuses

ra n g e-of-

p a id

absence

p la n s
of

A

rate

is-p ro v id e d

in d iv id u a l

in cid e n ce

system ,

of a jo b

a lso

of in ce n tiv e

P rod u ction

com m ission

va lu e

range.

of the lo w

co m p le tio n

a

the

p iecew ork

output.

excep tion s.

m a x im u m

In form a tion

q u a lifica tio n s
on

are

a n d /o r

job .

th rou gh

because
a

paym ents

based
stated

C om ­
on

a

sa la ry

percentage.

p a id

in d iv id ­

sin g le

on

such

m in im u m

In form a tion

U nder
u n it

percen tage
p lu s

the

the

pay

p la n s

but
the

of p ro g r e s s io n

p en sa tion
M ethod

for

the

purpose.

those

m ethod

sp ecifies

co m ­

they

th is

to

p la n s.

plan

reasons,

rates

expenses

and

of

for

protect

u n d erw ritten

re m a in d e r

m ed ­

to

o rg a n iz a tio n s

fu n d

p lan s

to

d esig n ed

in v olv in g

n on p rofit

out of
for

are

p rov id in g

p la n s

p en sion

paym ents

referred

w h ich

h o sp ita liz a tio n ,

T a b u la tio n s
p ro v id e

p la n s

sick n ess

refers

d octors'

s o m e tim e s

th ose

rate

D ata
tab le

B -7 .

on

freq u en cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rov id ed

in

4

Tab le 1.

Es t ab li s h m e n t s and W o r k e r s Within S c o p e o f S u r ve y and N um ber Studied in M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , 1 by M a j o r In dustry D i v i s i o n , 2 July 1968
N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts

In d ustry d iv isio n

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scop e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ith in scop e o f study

W ith in scop e
o f study *

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

P lan t
N u m b er

A ll d iv is io n s ______________________________________
M an u factu rin g__________________________________________
_ _ _ ___
N on m an ufactu ring__
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u tilitie s 5 _________________________
W h o le sa le t r a d e ______ ___ ________ ______
R e ta il tra d e ___ __ _______
____ —
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v ic e s 8_________________ ___ _______ _________ ___

_

O ffice

P ercen t

T o t a l4

135

67

■24, 30 0

100

1 8 ,0 0 0

3, 100

1 6 ,8 2 0

-

67
68

31
36

1 6 ,3 0 0
8 , 000

67
33

1 3 ,6 0 0
4 , 40 0

1 ,1 0 0
2 , 000

1 1 ,2 2 0
5 ,6 0 0

50
50
50
50
50

10
9
27
11
11

8
5
11
5
7

2 ,4 0 0
1, ooo
2 ,4 0 0
1, 300
90 0

10
4
10
5
4

1 ,2 0 0

500

2 , 110
540
1 ,4 7 0
840
640

50

(6)
(6)
( 7)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

1 The M a n c h e s t e r Standard M e t ro p o li t a n Sta ti sti ca l A r e a , as def ine d by the Bu re a u o f the Budget thro ugh January 1968, c o n s i s t s of the cit y of M a n c h e s t e r and the towns of B e d fo r d and
G of f s t ow n in H il l s b o r o u g h County and H oo kse tt in M e r r i m a c k County.
The " w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f study" e s t im at e s shown in this table p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t i o n of the s ize
and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the la bo r f o r c e in clu de d in the s u r v e y . The e s t im a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a' b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n with ot her em p l o y m e n t in dexes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e
em pl oy m en t tr en ds or l e v e ls s i n c e (1) planning of w age s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the use o f e s ta bl is hm en t data c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in adva nce of the p a y r o l l p e r i o d studied, and (2) sm al l es ta bl ish m ent s
a r e e x c lu de d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s ur ve y.
2 The 1967 edi tion o f the Standard Industrial C l a s s i f i c a t io n Manual w as u s e d in c la s s i f y in g e s t ab lis hm e nt s by in dus tr y di vi si on .
3 In cludes all e s t ab l is h m e n t s with total em p l oy m e n t at o r abov e the m in im u m limi ta tio n. A l l outlets (within the ar ea ) o f co m p a n i e s in suc h i ndu st rie s as t r a d e , fin an ce , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t io n pi c tu re th e at e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 es ta bl ish m en t.
4 In cludes e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and ot her w o r k e r s ex c lu de d f r o m the se pa r at e plant and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in cidental to w at e r t r an s po r t at io n w e r e exc lu de d.
6 Th is in dus tr y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o nm an u fa c tu r in g" in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r i e s B ta bl es . Sepa rate p re se nt at io n
of data
f o r this d i v i s i o n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in the di v i si o n is
t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t se pa r at e study, (2) the s am pl e was
not designe’d init ia lly to p er m it se pa r at e p r e s e nt at io n, (3) r e s p o n s e w as in suf fic ien t o r inadequate to p e r m it se pa r at e pr es e nt at io n, and (4) th er e is p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of individual
e s ta bl is hm en t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e nt ire in dus tr y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o nm an u fa c t ur in g" in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m the r e al estate po rt io n only in es tim at e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r i e s B t ab l e s . Sep ar at e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f data f o r this d i v i s i o n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s gi ven in footn ote 6 above .
8 Ho tel s and m o t e ls ; la un dr ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; bu s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a ut o m o bi le r e p a i r , rent al, and parking; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; non profit m e m b e r s h i p or ga ni z at io n s (excluding
r e li g i o u s and c ha r it a bl e o r g a n i z a t io n s ); and en gi ne e ri ng and ar c h i te c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O ve r t w o - t h i r d s o f the w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the M a n c h es t er ar ea
w e r e e m p l o y e d in manuf ac tu rin g f i r m s .
The fo llo wi ng p r e s e n t s the m a j o r indu stry group s
and s p e c i f i c i nd us tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f all ma nufacturing:
Industry gr oup s

S p e c i f ic i ndu st rie s

L ea th er and l eat her p r o d u c t s — 32
Te x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s __________ 24
E l e c t r i c a l equipment and
s up pl ie s --------------------------- ---------20
F o o d and ki nd r e d p r o d u c t s -----5

F o o t w e a r , e xc ep t r u b b e r ______ 31
Knitting m i l l s _________________
10
Communication e q u i p m e n t ™
7
E l e c t r i c test and dist ribu tin g
e q u i p m e n t _____________________
6
E l e c t r o n i c co m po ne nt s and
a c c e s s o r i e s ___________________6
Weaving m i l l s , c o t t o n - ______— 5

Th is i n fo r m at io n is b as e d on e s t im a t e s of total e m pl o ym e n t d e r i v e d f r o m un iv er s e
m a t e r ia l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to actual s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v ar io us in dus tr y di vi si on s m ay
d iff e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u l ts of the s u r v e y as shown in table 1 above .

W age T rends for Selected Occupational G roups
P resented
in

average

and

in a v e r a g e

are

a

w ages

du rin g

y ie ld s
date

the

of

wage

of

m easure

M ethod

of

base
and

in d ex.

changes

change

E ach

of

a ssig n ed

occu p a tion a l

e m p lo y m e n ts

2

the

la ter

for

groups.

expressed
the

area

the

p re m iu m

th ey

in d ex
to

e stim a te s

are

the

r e la te

not
in

to

each

each

selected
a

by

less

100

occu p a tion s

based

T hese

on

pay

for

o v e rtim e .

in a v e r a g e

for

and

o v e rtim e

in d u stria l

sa la rie s

for

F or

plan t

s tra ig h t-tim e
and for

w ork

the

w o fk e r

h ou rly

on

nurses,
norm al

the

wage

w orkw eek,

groups,

ea rn in g s,

w eekends,

they

e x clu d in g

h olid a y s,

and

T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly
im p orta n t jo b s
w ith in

group.

in ten ded
the

L im ita tio n s

area.

The

w ere

aggregate

percent,

by

in th e

an

occu p a tion a l

p ro p o rtio n a te

its

constant

p o s s ib le .

m u ltip lied

years
the

key

w e ig h t

group.

w ere

year

y e a r 's

the

ea rn in g s

w ork ers

w e e k ly

are

em p loy m en t

w eig h ts

average

the

re la te d

show s

by

the

the

reflect

(m ea n )

o ccu p a tion a l

group w ere
for

w ith in

of

d iv id in g

The

the

year.

p ercen tage

year

ea rn in g s

w e ig h t,

to ta le d .

e a rlie r

base
and

wage

D ata

The

vid u a l

the

w ages

for

tio n s

re la tiv e

fo llo w in g

by

the

occu p a tion s

p rev iou s
w ere

y e a r 's

u s e d in

in d ex.

co m p u tin g

A verage
the w a g e

of

and

(2)

m e rit

w h ile

in

changes

to

in

e x p a n sio n s,

w ork ers
in

that

even

la b or

though

entered

ea rn in g s
trends:

w ages
the

m ay

have

m ay

have

entered

area

changes

clu d e d
in

in

5

of

the

pay

the

la b o r

force

force
by

and

re d u ctio n s,
cause

actu al

th eir

in

w age
in

an

as

m easures

general

pay

(3)

by

in

from

and changes

of
and

in d i­

average

la b o r

in th e

turn­

p rop or­

w ith d iff e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
or

decreases

changes.
area

It

gave

is

forces.
the

in

in crea ses,

esta b lish m e n ts

S im ila rly ,

constant,

yet

because

the

co n ce iv a b le

w age

low er-p a y in g

w ork

sa la ry

re ce iv e d

changes

in cre a se s

d e clin e d b e ca u s e

expanded

(1)

resu ltin g

e sta b lish m e n ts

can

re la tiv e ly

constant

h ig h er-p a y in g

The

for

o v e rtim e .
in d ex es

in

w ork

averages

for

w ages
an

area

esta b lish m e n ts

scope

of

the

change

hours.

n ecessary,

data
change

survey.

e lim in a te s

represented

of

sch ed u les,
of

w e ig h ts

w ork ers

percentages

percentages

the

of

s tra ig h t-tim e

W here

and

em p loy m en t

p ro p o rtio n

standard

the

changes

jo b ,

e sta b lish m e n ts

data.

for
by

in cre a se s

sam e

con sid era b ly

use

the
in

other

change,
by:

the

w ith ou t

have

of

in flu en ced

area.

in

average

changes

or

force

o r

ris e n

The
of

a ll

m ay

re m a in e d

the

are

em p loy ed

the

average

percentages

averages,

occu p a tion a l a v e ra g e s

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical ( men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookke e ping - machine
Carpenters
Continued
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A , B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




due
force

Changes

in d ex

in dexes

area

w ork ers

over,

resu lta n t

. The

in

changes,

for

aggregates

aggregate

change.

The
change

is th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (1 00) b y th e r e la t i v e
f o r the n e x t
su cce e d in g y e a r and
co n tin u in g to
m u ltip ly
(com p ou n d )
for

cle rica l

reg u la r

changes

la te sh ifts .
p a tion s
and

p e rio d

e sta b lish m e n ts

to

of

m easu re

the

in cre a se

These

e x clu siv e

of

o ffice

re la te

conducted

from

base

trends

in d exes

percent

survey

or

area;

the

a

F or

change
nurses,

The

as

100

the

change
dates.

for
in

from

of

in d ica ted

changes

a ll o c c u p a tio n s

co n se cu tiv e

re la tiv e ,

of

of

and in d u stria l

S u b tra ctin g

w ages

averages

w herever

occu p a tio n

for

(d a te

p ercentages

pay

the

in

products

tim e ,

19 6 1 ).

the

percentages

p lan t w o r k e r

giv en

in

and

w ork ers

C om p u tin g

was

each

a

change

in

in dexes

selected
at

p eriod

betw een

average

are

cle rica l

June

The

group
the

of

w ages

I960

2

o ffice

p ercen tage

the

m easures
to

of
the

J u ly

ta b le

of

ea rn in g s

m easure

betw een

in

s a la rie s

in

reflect

the

each
on ly

effect
job

They are

as

not

in flu e n ce d

such,

by

p re m iu m

w ere
any

or

a d ju sted

to

s ig n ifica n t

rem ove
e ffe ct

in ­

changes
by
pay
from

caused

6

T a b le

2.

Indexes

o f S tandard

M anchester,

W eek ly

N .H . ,

Ju ly

S a la ries
1967

and

and

S tra ig h t-T im e

Ju ly

1968,

H o u rly

and P ercen ts

E a rn in g s

Indexes
(A u g u st
O ccu p a tio n a l

J u ly

1968

Ju ly

1967

O ffice

cle rica l

(m en

and w om en)

(m en

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

139. 3

and w om en )

1967

U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ___________________________

1968

(m en

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e
U n sk ille d

1

a n d w o m e n ) __

(m en

D ata




do

not

m eet

____________

p u b lica tio n

August

136. 1

5 .4

132. 9

1 1 .3

2 .6

1966

4. 8

1963

A ugust

1962

to
1964

A u gu st 1963

August

A ugust

1965

3. 1

(*)
3 .9
3 .8

1961

to
A ugust

1964

A ugust

I960

to
196 2

August

1961

__

crite ria .

2. 6

4. 2

4 .5

4. 1

(*>

______

p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________________

1967

A ugust
to

( X)
4 .6

143. 4

and w om en)

( m e n ) _______

1965

tb

4 .6

August

cle rica l

August

( l )

to

O ffice

J u ly

of in crea se

4. 1

August

In d u stria l n u r s e s

1966

to

in

P e rio d s

(l >
5 .4

(M

148. 0

( m e n ) ______________________

A ugust

O ccu p a tio n a l G ro u p s

6 .7

1 3 0 .6

(*)

__

S elected

to
Ju ly

In d u stria l n u rs e s

S elected

for

P ercen ts

196 0= 100)
Ju ly

group

for

of In crease

(*>

5. 7

4. 1

( X)
4. 4

3. 5

5. 7

3 .0

5 .9

3. 3

n

A. O ccupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry divisioii, Manchester, N.H., July 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, oc c up a t io n, and in dus tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

Number of worker s rece iving straight -tim e wee kly ea rnings of----

%

$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

60

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A

15

9 0 .0

$

%

$

$

*

s

$

$

$

$

*

$

S

$

$

106.50

$

1 0 5 . CO

70

75

80

85

9C

95

100

105

no

115

1 20

1 25

1 30

1 35

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

no

115

1 20

1 25

130

135

140

l

l

l

2

2

-

-

-

-

and
under

$
60

65

CLERKS,

t
65

1

Under

1 0 1.50-115.00

$

OFFICE BOYS ----------------------------------

BILLERS, MACHINF (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------

90.0

77.00

8 1 .0 0

7 1 .0 0-

92.0 0

6

1

4

85.00

7 7 .0 0-

1

3 7.5

1

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

32
r9

3 9.5
90.0

82.50
78.0 0

89.0 0

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

-

2

90

3 8.5

99.5 0

1 0 3 . 50

96

3 9.0

78 .0 0

32
69
38

90.0
3 9.0
38.5

7 7.00
78.00
81 .5 0

7 6 .5 0
7 8.00
75.50
81 .0 0

7 1 .0 07 2 .5 07 0 .5 0 7 1 .5 0 -

86.50
85 .0 0
88.00
93 .0 0

CLERKS,

26

3 7.5

86.50

9 5 .5 0

7 3 .0 0-

9 8 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL MANUFACTURING

92
78

3 9.5
90.0

78 .5 0
76.0 0

75.0 0
79 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 -

86.00
81 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPtRATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

45
35

3 9.0
3 8.5

72.00
71.50

71.5 0
70 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

76 .5 0
7 6.00

115
56
59

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

98 .0 0
99.0 0

97.0 0
99.5 0

8 6 .0 0-1 0 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0-1 1 1 .0 0

97 .0 0

96.0 0

8 9 .5 0-1 0 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -----

90
27

3 9.5
3 9.5

109.00
107.50

108.50
108.00

101.00-129.00
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------------

36

4 0 .0

90 .5 0

29

4 0 .0

93.50

9 1 .5 0
93.0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 99.5 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

“
_
_
-

32
15

3 9.0
39.5

88 .0 0
88.5 0

91.0 0
91.0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 99 .0 0
8 2 .5 0-1 0 0 .0 0

-

17

3 9.0

87 .0 0

92.5 0

8 0 .5 0-

99 .5 0
81.50

SECRETARIES4 ---------------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 —
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL

51

3 9.0

7 9.50

79 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 -

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —

31
26

3 8.5

89 .5 0
87 .5 0

89 .0 0
86.5 0

7 9 .5 0-1 0 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0-1 0 1 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

3 9.5

75 .0 0

18

3 9.5

79 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 7 9 .0 0 -

See footnotes at end of table.




39.0

3

7

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS e
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3'-----------OR lit R

10

79 .5 0

85 .0 0
89.00

-

-

3

6

4

5

-

-

27

i

3

5

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

4

2
2

-

-

_

l

1

~

-

~

“

“

9

7
2
5

5
5

-

3
3

4

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

7

4

4

22

1
-

19

23

19

7

11

8

7

5
19
6

7
16
10

8

3

3

u

5
2
2

8
5

5
5

1
6
6

l
-

3

10
7

1
1

J

3

2

2

ii

10
9

26
26

13
11

9
8

6
6

13
12

13
8

8
4

3
3

-

1

-

-

i
_
i

i
-

-

6

6

-

-

_

1
1

2

1
1

i
1

3

_

”
16
10
6

1

-

-

8
5

4
2

3
3

3

3
3

i

2

2

6

5

6

4

i
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
8

9
4

2

11

5

-

-

2

4
4

1
1

6

2

2
2

-

6

5
5

9

3

i

5
4

4

3
1
2

8

1

4
4

l

8

10

5

2

2

2

3

-

“

3

2

~

5

3
3

3

2

8
6

8
8

5
2

6
4

15
8
7

1
1

i
1

-

“
-

3

9
2
7

16

-

“
_

6

2

2

2
2

-

14

*

11
11

_
_

-

6

J

5

1
l

2
1

11

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Manchester, N.H., July 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
N umber
of

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

s

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

*

$

%

i

$

i

1

s

t

t

Middle range 2

%

i

i

$

60

WOMFN -

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

150

2

U nder
*

65

65

Sex, o cc up a t io n, and ind ust ry di v is i o n

2

12

11

6
6

1

2

~

and
under

CONTINUE!)
$

$

$

39.5
39.5

$

75.50
7fc. >0

76.00
77.00

7 2 .0 0 -

80.50

48

3U

5

70 ' 0

78

T9

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

38*0

60*^0

6 8 * CO

36

50

-

03 " 0

6'"* ' 0

1-3

71* “ 0

r0
'

16

ii

i

15

1 Standard hours reflec t the workweek for which employees rec eiv e their regular straight-time sal aries (exclusive of pay for over time at regular an d /o r premium rates), and
the earnings co rre sp ond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w or k ers and dividing by the number of w ork ers .
The median designates position— half of the employees
surveyed r ec eiv e m ore than the rate shown; half re ce iv e less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the wo rke rs earn less than the lower
of these rates and a fourth earn m or e than the higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include wo rke rs other than those presented separately.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Manchester, N.H . , July 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation

Number
of

Number o f w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

Average
weekly
( standard)

S
70

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*
75

$
O
o

40.0

C &
D

19

87 .0 0

$

7 4 .0 0 -

90 .0 0

S
85

*
90

S
95

*
10 0

f
10 5

S

$

11 0

115

S

*

120

12 5

13 0

130

135

and
under

_

75

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------

S
80

80

6

-

85

90

95

100

1

8

-

1

105

-

11 0

115

2

-

12 0

-

125

-

-

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees r e ce ive their regular straight-time sal aries (exclusive of pay for over tim e at regular and /or
premium rates), and the earnings co rrespond to these weekly hours.
2 Fo r definition o f t er m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .

9

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W omen Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h ou r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u st r y d i v i s i o n , M a n c h e s t e r , N.H ., Ju ly 1968)
Average
O c c u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
[standard^ (standard)
Weekly

Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Number
of

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUEO

Average
O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

39.5
40.0

$
78.50
76.00

26

38.0

81.50

KEYPUNCH UPERAT0RS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

45
35

39.0
38.5

72.00
71.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

32
19

39.5
40.0

82.50
78.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------------

1 05
21

38.5
40.0

100.50
101.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

104
38
66
40

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5

78.50
78.50
78.50
81.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

49
28

38.5
40.0

85.50
81.50

20

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE 1 -------------- ---------------------------------------

115

39.5

98.00

NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------

59

39.5

40
27

39.5
39.5

36
24

40.0
40.0

32
15
17

39.0
39.5
39.0

88.00
88.50
87.00

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r
c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and ot he r public ut ili t ie s.
3 M a y in clu de w o r k e r s o th e r than t ho se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .




38.5
39.0

89.50
87.50

19

39.5

75.00

SHITCH80ARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

36

39.5
39.5

75.50
76.50

48

38.5

78.50

91
79

38.5
38.0

69.00
68.50

90.50
93.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

31
26

109.00
107.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

97.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------------------

$
74.50

s t r a i g h t - t im e

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
19

o
o

SECRETARIES3 -------------------------------------------------

39.0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

92
78

51

T Y P I S TS , CLASS A --------------------------------------

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --------

40.0

$
77.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE 1 ------------------------------------------------------

87.00

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s) , and the ea rn in gs

10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d iv isio n , M an ch ester, N .H . , July 1968)
Num ber o f w ork ers receivin g s tra igh t-tim e hourly earnings o f—

H
ourly earnings 1

O ccupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

1

$

1.70
edian 2
Mean2 M

M
iddle range 2

$

$

s

i

l

1.80 1.90 2.0 0 2 .1 0

$

i

$

2.50

2 .2 0 2.30 2 .4 0

2.6 0 2.7 0

l

%

and
under

~

1 , 9Q 1>?Q 2tQQ
.

2«4 0 2 . 5 0 _ 2 . 6Q

Z*

$

%

i

2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3.00

~

7p 2. 80 2 .9 0

$

$

—

~

”

i

3.30

3.1 0 3.2 0

3 .4 C 3 . 5 0 3 . 6 0

~

I

~
~

$

”

$

~

$

l

3.70

3.8 0

3.90

~

“

and

3.QQ 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3.5C 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 over

MAINTENANCE ---------

13

$
2.89

$
2.69

$
2.3 8 -

$
3.55

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

-

-

3

i

-

"

i

-

-

1

-

-

-

3

-

-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

27
27

2.92
2.9 2

2.9 5
2.9 5

2.5 9 2.5 9 -

3.09
3.09

_

-

_

_

-

-

3
3

1
1

3
3

-

i
i

3
3

6
6

4
4

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

4
4

_

-

2
2

-

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

35
34

2.25
2.26

2.18
2.18

2 .0 1 2 .0 1 -

2.6 3
2.64

_

4
4

4
4

7
7

4
3

4
4

-

_

_

12
12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ■
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

37
28

2.37
2.22

2.29
2.26

2 .2 2 2.2 1 -

2.48
2.3 3

1
1

_

_

5
5

-

3
3

6
1

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

MACHINISTS,

36
36

3.06
3.06

3.07
3.07

2.9 9 2 .9 9 -

3.20
3.20

2
2

-

2
2

_

13
13

5
5

5
5

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

~

6
6

_

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
IMAINTFNANCF) ----------------------------ncn ma nu fac tu ri ng ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------

56
35
35

3.08
3.25
3.25

3.11
3.43
3.43

2.6 7 2 .7 0 2.7 0 -

3.54
3.62
3.62

_

_

6

-

-

10
1C
1C

-

*

-

-

5
5
5

_

-

3
3
3

_

-

6
6
6

_

-

4
i
i

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

30
29

2.99
2.9 9

3.04
3.03

2.3 2 2.3 1 -

3.63
3.65

_

_

2
2

-

4S

-

2
2

-

-

3
3

_

-

4
3

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

39
39

3.47
3.47

3.51
3.51

3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

3.69
3.69

6
6

7
7

7
7

4
4

4
4

5

-

5

-

CARPENTERS,

1
2
3
4

MAINTENANCE ---------

*

”
21
9
9

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

E xcludes preffcium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
F or definition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
A ll w ork ers w ere a,t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 .




15
15

3
3

4
4

5
5

-

-

1
1
l

_

2
2

-

_

_
-

-

1
i

5
5

"

”

*

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M anchester, N. H. , July 1968)
H
ourly earnings'1

Occupation1 and industry division

Numbe r of workers receiving straight-time hourly ear mngs of—
%

N ber
um
of

1.60
M
ean’

M
edian3

M
iddle range3

$

1.73
1.74

$
1.6 51.6 6-

42

1.77

1.74

1.6 5-

1.86
1.88

1.82
1.84

1.701.74-

1.9 0
1.92

s
1.90

i
*
2 . 00 2 . 1 0

$
2. 2 0

$
2.30

s
2.4 0

s
2.50

2.6 0

$
2.7 0

$
2.80

S
2.90

S
3.00

1.80

1.90

2.0 0

2 . 10

2.3 0

2.4 0

2.50

2.60

2.7 0

2.80

2.90

3.0 0

3 . 10 3 . 2 0

1

-

3

-

-

10

-

1.89

156
107

0

$
1.8 9
1.89

t
1.80

*

S
3.10

$
3.3C

%

3.20

3.40

$
3.5 C

3.60

3.30

3.4C

3.50

3.60

3.70

-

-

-

-

-

%

and
unde r
1.7 0

$
1.76
1.76

t
1.70

10

22

2

2 . 20

:

WATCHMEN:

PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------

1
38
19

30
18

49

18

*8

JANITORS,

*4

1.83
2.61

1.85
2.3 4

1.8 02.1 1 -

1 .9 1
3.53

81
19

1.85
1.79

1.85
1.78

1 .7 3 1.7 0-

2.04
1.93

*5

50
49

1.96
1.97

1.99
1.99

1 .7 4 1 .7 6 -

2.23
2.2 3

1.93

1.91

1 .8 3 1 .8 4 -

2.11
2.1 2

29
16

2.11
2.01

2.13

1 .9 1 1 .8 3 -

2.35
2.29

8

^6

1

7

*

3

2

3

1

2.05

1.8 8-

2.26

2.35

2 .2 2 -

2.47

’ " 3^
3.66
3.60

*4
8

6

2

3

10

^64
168
1 10

2*2 7
3.22
3.60

J.65

’ *19
2.4 2 3.6 2

19

1.99

1.80

1.73

2.33

78

..0 6

2*50

2 .2 1 -

3.65

2.35

2 .2 6 -

2
1
1

2
1

8
1

36

6

1

1
1

M

2

2.85

1 '
!

2

*

??
JO
1a
re>

*
TO

*

1

J
1

1

3

6

11 T

J*

*

J
1

1 17

LIGHT (UNDER

MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

1

Zb

3
1

1

1
1

-

j

?

u

2.32

TRUCKDRIVERS,

2b

1
1

2.11

TRUCKDRIVERS,

1

-

10

j

10

10

55

3
3

HJ

*7
£

^58
107

*
4
2

*

TO
2

2

2

9

3

2-1

36

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
1
19

1
2
3
4
5

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition o f te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Includes all d r iv e r s , as defined, re ga rd le ss o f size and type o f tru ck operated.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




2

£

31
1

12

B. E sta b lis h m e n t P ra c tic e s an d S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P ro v isio n s
Table B-l. M inim um Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W orkers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1968)

M inim um w eekly stra ig h t-tim e sa la ry 1

All
in d u strie s

Inexp erienced ty p ists
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
B ased on stan d ard w eekly h o urs 3 of--All
All
40
40
schedules
schedules

E sta b lish m e n ts studied_________________________________

67

31

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp ecified m in im u m
$60.00 and un der $62.50_________________________________
$62.50 and un d er $6 5.00_________________________________
$65.00 and un der $6 7.50_________________________________
$67.50 and under $70.00 _
$ 70.00 and un der $ 72.50_________________________________
$72.50 and o v e r__________________________________________
E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp ecified m in im u m _____________
E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em ploy w o rk e rs
in th is c ate g o ry ____________________________________________

2
0
2
1
1
2
3
2
*

1
0
6
2
2
-

4

2

43

19

XXX

36

XXX




67

31
19
_
1
2
3
3
-

1
0
2
5
1
2

7
5
2

40
5
24
3
4
2

-

*

2

1

XXX

2

XXX

15

7

XXX

24

XXX

1
2

5

1
0
-

6
2
2
-

-

1 These salaries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid fo r
E xcludes w orkers in s u b clerica l jobs such as m essen ger or office g irl.
3 Data are presented fo r all standard workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard workweek reported.
1

All
in d u strie s

O ther in ex p erien ced c le ric a l w o rk ers 2
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
B ased on sta n d a rd w eekly h o urs 3 of--All
All
40
40
sched ules
schedules

standard workweeks.

XXX

18
_
1
2
3
3

36

XXX

2
1
5
1
2
1
2

16
1
1
2
2

1

1

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

7

XXX

-




T able B-2. Shift D ifferentials
(L a t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f pay d iff e r e n t ia l,
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., Ju ly 1968)
_____________________________ (A ll plan t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g = 100 p e r c e n t)
•
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g p r o v is io n s 1
f o r la te sh ifts

L a te -s h ift p a y p r o v i s io n

S e c o n d sh ift

T o t a l------

------------------------------ ------

-

—

55.9

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

34.0

S e c o n d sh ift

10.2

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

3.7

N o p a y d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on late s h i f t _______

20.1

3.7

_

P a y d iffe r e n t ia l fo r w o r k on late s h ift

35.8

34.0

6.5

3.7

25.2

30.3

5.2

3.5

_______

_

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on late sh ifts

T y p e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) .

_____

_

_

4 ce n ts ____ ______________ _____ ___
5 ce n ts
7 c e n t s _______________ ________ ____
7*4 c e n t s ____________ ________ _____ „
10 c e n t s __________________________
12 c e n t s ________________ _____
_ __ _
15 c e n t s ________________________________ .
2 2 % c e n t s _____________________________ . .

2.4
1.9
1.6
6.1
3.3
4 .0
2.6
3.4

16.8
4.1
2 .0
4 .0
3.4

.6
.3
.1
.6
1.3
.2
.4
1.6

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ____________________ _ _

10.5

3.8

1.3

.2

2.9
7.6

_
2.9
.9

.4
.9

.2

5 p e r c e n t - _________ ____ __ _________
10 p e r c e n t
________________ „
15 p e r c e n t _______

-

-

3.2
.2
_
.1
-

1
In c lu d e s a ll plant w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t s w h o s e fo r m a l p r o v is io n s
c o v e r la te s h ifts e v e n though the e s ta b lis h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .

14
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch e d u led w eek ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , J u ly 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

W eek ly h ou rs
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilit ie s 3

A ll in d u stries'*

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

100

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

35 h ou rs .
...................................................................
37V h o u r s ________ ____________ ___________________
2
383 h ou rs
/4
______ ______________ _________________
40 h o u r s ____ ___________ ________ ___________________
O v er 40 and under 45 h o u r s ______________________
45 h o u r s ________ ____ _________ ________________ _____
4 5 V h o u r s _______ ____ ___________ ____ ______________
2
48 h o u r s _________ __________ _____ ___________________
50 h o u r s ____________________________________________

4
4

5
90
5
-

•
64
36
-

2
26
12
58
1
-

6
2

1
2
3
4

-

79
2
2
4
2
3

-

92
-

Sch edu led h ou rs a r e the w e e k ly h o u rs w h ich a m a jo r it y o f the fu ll-t im e w o rk e rs w e re e x p e cte d to w ork , w h ether they w e re paid fo r at s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e ra te s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .




62
38
_
_
_
-

15

Table B-4. Paid H olidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y nu m ber o f paid h olid a y s
p ro v id e d annually, M a n ch e s te r, N .H ., July 1968)
Plant w o rk e rs

O ffice w o rk e rs

Ite'm
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o l id a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s _________ ________________________

A ll in d u s t r ie s 3

M anufacturing

M anufacturin g

P u blic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

99

100

2

“

1

"

7
39
51
3

_
15
(4 )
4
6
14
2
(4 )
8
48
1
(4 )

_
27
8
15
24
6
1
16
2
1

-

(4 )
1
49
58
60
80
84
84
99
99

1
1
3
20
26
66

P u blic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

N um ber o f days
5 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
6 h olid a y s p lu s 1 h alf day_________________________
7 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
7 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf d a y s ________ ____ __________
8 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
8 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day______ _________________
8 h olid a y s p lu s 2 h alf d a y s _______________________
9 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
10 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf d a y _______________________
11 h o lid a y s .-- ............ ............................... ....... ...........

1
21
3
8
14
17
3
1
23
5
(4 )
1

1
22

1
2
6
31
33
65
73
75
97
98

2
2
2
28
31
70
77
77
99
100

7
19
20
3
1

25
2

_
1

' 9

88
3
_

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
11 d a y s _____________________________________________
IOV2 d ays o r m o r e ________________________________
10 d ays o r m o r e _____________________________ ______
9 d ays o r m o r e ____________________________________
Sl
/z days o r m o r e _________________________________
8 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
6 l/z days o r m o r e ________ _________________________
6 d ays o r m o r e ________________ __________________
5 days o r m o r e ____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
anc^ no

3
54
93
93
93
93
93
100
100

73
73
100
100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and re a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 9 d ays in clu d e s
h a lf days, 8 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf days, 7 fu ll d ays and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s then w e re cu m u lated.




-

3
90
99
99
99
99
99
100
100

th o s e with 9 fu ll days

16

Table B-5. Paid V acations1
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y va ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., July 1968)
Plant w o rk e rs

O ffice w o rk e rs

V a ca tion p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

M anufacturin g

P u blic u tilitie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
64
36

100
52
48

100
100
-

100
98
2

100
93
7
_

100
100
_

-

-

9
37
17
17

26
50
8
-

28
2
62

22
( 6)
77

27
1
72

93

15
(6)
85

27
1
72

93

10
1
90

17
2
81

.
_
100

8
1
91

16
2
82

_
100

M ethod of paym ent

-

-

“

“

51
10
5
2

68
7
4
-

26
8
28

79
2
19

85
3
12

68

70
5
25

82
6
12

68

44
18
38

50
24
26

00
rO

W ork ers in esta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ____________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent
O th e r ___________________________ ______________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g
no paid v a ca tion s

15
47

45
20
35

3
1
84
1
11

2
1
87
1
9

-

-

A m oun t of v a ca tio n pay 5

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek_________ ___________________________
1 w eek _ ___
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
_ ___
2 w eeks
__ _
_
A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

_

,

1 w eek ____ _ _ _
_____
...... _ _
O v er 1 and und er 2 w e e k s _____ ..... _ _ _
_
,
2 w e e k s ___ ______ _________________________________

32
-

7
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _
_ _
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s _______________________
2 w eeks

32
-

7
_

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_ __
_
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks

_ __r

_
-

100

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ _ _ _
.
__ _ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _
2 w eeks _ _
_ ___

......

_
-

100

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ._
_
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eek s
_
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
_____
_
_ ....
_
,, ,

See footn otes at end of table.




_
-

100
-

(6)
92
(6)
7

1
-

85
1
13

_

100
-

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y va ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1968)

P lant w o rk e rs
V a c a tio n p o lic y

All in d u strie s 3

M anuf ac tu ri ng

O ffice w ork ers

Public u tilitie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 3

pay 5— C ontinued
y e a rs of se rv ic e

A m ou n t of vacatio n
A fte r 10

1 w eek „__
_
_ _ _ _ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks
_ _ ___ _ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w ee k s
3 w eek s
_
4 w eek s
_______
_____
A fte r

_
__

2
_

_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _

1

45
1
48
3

_

45

_
10
90

-

-

_

2
48

_
100

-

-

1
32
2
61
3

89
11

_

_
-

i
52
2

_
-

.
_

.
-

32
-

61
-

6
_

68

39

94

*

-

_
60
40

_
-

94

-

-

_

(6 )

12 y e a rs of se rv ic e

1 w eek
_
_ __ _
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
_
_ _ __
_ __ ___ .... _
4 w e e k s ____ ____________________________ ________________

2

1
43
1
51
3

1
49

_
31
69
(6)

6
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_ ___
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
_
_
_
_ _ _n
___ „
2 w e e k s ____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _
_ ____
3 w eek s
_ _
4 w eeks _ _ _ _ _ _
_

2
1
29
1
59
7

-

-

26
-

53
-

6

71
3

41
6

92

_
26
46
28

_
-

_
-

53
_

6

_
2

A fte r 20 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
_
2 w ee k s
_ ___
_ _ _ __ _
_
__ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w eek s
_____
______ _ _

2
1
29
1
40
27

1
32
2
46
18

-

100

_

23
25

93

1

_
-

_
-

M a x im u m vacation a v a ila b le 7
1 w eek.
_ _ _ _ _
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _ _
4 w e e k s _______ ____ _____________________________________
5 w e e k s _____ ____ _______________________________________

2
1
29
1
32
6
29

_
1
32
2
36
8
20

100

_
26
39
24
11

53

6

21
-

-

27

30

1

62

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans on ly. E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -sa v in g s and th ose plans w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r "s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic plans to w o rk e rs with q ualifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a re plans in the s te e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , re a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in ad d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in ad d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 In clu d es paym ent oth er than "len g th o f t im e , " such as p e rce n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m en ts, co n v e rte d to an eq u ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le , a paym ent of Z percent
of annual e a rn in g s was c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e re c h o se n a r b it r a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r ex a m p le , the
ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a te s a re cu m u la tiv e . T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le fo r 3 w ee k s' pay
o r m o r e a fte r 10 y e a r s in clu d es th ose e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
6 L e ss than 0.5 p e rce n t.
7 E stim a te s of p ro v is io n s fo r 25 and 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e a re id e n tica l.




18

Table B-6. H ealth, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o f fi c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 M a n c h e s te r , N. H . , July 1968)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w ork ers

Type of.b en efit
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g at
le a st 1 of the b en efits shown b e lo w ______ ____

100

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 3

100

100

100

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 3

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in su r a n c e _____ _______ ________________ :.___________
S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce or
sic k leave or b o th 5 _____________________________

97

100

100

97

100

100

77

77

90

78

84

100

89

91

100

86

89

99

S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su r a n c e ___________
Sick le ave (fu ll pay and no
waiting p e r io d )___ ____ _______________________
Sick le ave (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p e r io d )_______________________________

82

91

39

41

89

8

11

6

32

64

48

97

H osp ita liza tio n in su r a n ce _______________________
S u rgical in su r a n c e ________________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ________________________________
C ata strop h e in su r a n ce _________________ _________
R e tire m e n t p e n s io n ______________________________

3

-

28

85
91
84
58
67

86
93
84
53
70

100
100
100
71
93

(6 )
91
94
78
82
75

-

-

82
91
80
60
58

100
100
100
94
92

1 In clu d es th ose plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w orkm en* s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d
r e tir e m e n t.
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplica ted total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at lea s t
the m in im u m nu m ber o f days* pay that can b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u al b a s is a re e x clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




19

Table B-7. Method of W age Determ ination and Frequency of Payment
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m ethod of w age d e t e r m in a tio n 1
and fre q u e n c y of w age paym en t, M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., July 1968)
Plant w ork ers
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________

100

M anufacturing

O ffice w ork ers
A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

Public u t ilit ie s 3

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

M ethod o f w age d e te r m in a tio n 1
P a id tim e r a te s ------------------------------------------------------F o r m a l rate p o l i c y ____________________________
S in gle r a t e __________________________________
Range o f r a t e s ______________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on au tom a tic
adva n cem en t a c c o r d in g to
length of s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r it r e v i e w __
P r o g r e s s i o n b a se d on a
c o m b in a tio n o f length of
s e r v ic e and m e r it re v ie w _________ ___
No fo r m a l rate p o lic y --------------------------------------P aid by in cen tiv e m e th o d s ________________________

65

56

100

100

100

38

36

32

20

99
72

52

22

6

5

16

15

28

9
43

26

88

3
z

12

28
2

44

32

Individual____________________________________
G rou p -------------------------------------------------------------P r o d u ctio n bonu s_______________________________
Individual_________________________________—_
G rou p________________________________________
C o m m is s io n ____________________________________

20

-

16

25

48

68

8

_

_

_

43

32

62
9

10

13

27
35

11
22

92

43

(5)

(5)

1

M ethod of d eterm in in g in centive pay o f o ffic e wo r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

(5)

1

-

1

(5)

(5)

1

2

F req u en cy of w age paym ent
100

S em im on th ly______________________________________—
M on th ly --------------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

78

95

100

-

-

-

8
2

5
-

11

-

_
-

O t h e r f r e q u e n c y -------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

F o r a d e sc r ip tio n of the m eth od s of w age d e te r m in a tio n , se e In trod u ction.
In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e ta il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to es ta b lis h m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the grou p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te ra re a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in u se in
in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In app lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s tru cte d
to e x c lu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M ACHINE

B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (M oon H opkin s, E llio tt
F is h e r , B u rr o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e co m b in a tio n typing and adding m a ch in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ­
ran d u m s, e t c . U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is c o u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s ,
and e n tr y of n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on the b illin g m a ch in e ,
and to ta ls w hich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d b y m a ch in e . The o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fold
m a ch in e.
B ille r , m a ch in e (bo o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a boo k k e e p in g m a ch in e (S undstrand , E llio tt
F is h e r , R em in gton Rand, e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y not have t y p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u lta ­
n eous e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m ach in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n um ber o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s , and u su a lly prin ts a u to m a tica lly the
d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow ledge o f b o o k k e e p in g . W orks fr o m u n ifo rm
and standard ty p es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a book k e e p in g m a ch in e (R e m in g to n Rand, E llio tt F is h e r , Sundstrand, B u rro u g h s ,
N ational C ash R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s
t r a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r ticu la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m
u sed . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch
phase o f the w ork .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B. K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c t io n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u irin g little know ledge o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a cco u n ts pa ya b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i ll e r ,
m a ch in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n of t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
CLERK,

ACCOU NTIN G

C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a ccou n ta n t, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
keeping one o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s re la tin g to one phase
of an e s ta b lis h m e n t's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W ork in v o lv e s postin g and b alan cin g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s such as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e xam in in g and cod in g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s with p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d is trib u tio n ; and r e q u ir e s ju dgm en t and e x p e r i ­
e n ce in m aking p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s . M ay a s s is t in p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g, and
c lo s in g jou rn a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ir e c t c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , and f il e s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a tter) h ea d ­
ing s ""or- p a rtly c la s s i f ie d m a t e r ia l by fin e r su b h ea d in gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d index and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r l y id en tified m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routin e filin g of m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s if ie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s if ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a t io n s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f il l out w ith draw al c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual task s r e ­
q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
CLERK,

O RD ER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu a n tities of item s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay c h e ck with c r e d it
d ep a rtm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , ack n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to see that th ey have b e en f ille d , k eep file of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C om p u tes w a ges o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y ro ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and
postin g ca lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w ork ing
d a y s , t im e , ra te , d e d u ctio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , and total w a ges due. M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e.

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR
P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th em a tica l c om p u ta tion s . T h is
jo b is not to be co n fu s e d with that o f s t a t is t ic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w hich m a y in volve f r e ­
quent use o f a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u s e o f this m ach in e is in cid en ta l to p e r fo r m a n c e of
o th e r d u tie s.

C la s s B. U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g o p e r a tio n s such
as postin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n ts payable v o u c h e r s , e n terin g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; and postin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r postin g s im p le c o s t a cco u n tin g data. T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n ow l­
edge of a ccou n tin g and b o ok k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o f fic e s in w hich the m o r e routine
accou n tin g w ork is su bdivided on a fu n ctio n a l b a s is am ong s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C la s s A . In an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m ber o f v a ried s u b je c t m atter
f il e s , c la s s i f ie s and in d e x e s file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , tech n ica l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e t c . M ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s typ es in con ju n ction
w ith the f il e s .
M ay lead a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i ll s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m other
c le r i c a l w ork in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , are
c la s s if ie d b y type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :

20

K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e ra te s a n u m e r ica l a n d /o r a lp h a b etica l o r com b in a tion keypunch m ach in e to
t r a n s c r ib e data fr o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d ocu m en ts to keypunch tabulating c a r d s . P e r fo r m s sam e
task s as lo w e r le v e l keypunch o p e r a to r but, in ad d ition , w o rk r e q u ir e s a p p lic a tio n o f codin g
s k ills and the m aking o f so m e d e te r m in a tio n s , fo r e x a m p le , lo c a te s on the s o u r c e d ocu m en t
the ite m s to be punched; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n fr o m s e v e r a l d o cu m e n ts ; and s e a r c h e s fo r and
in te rp re ts in fo r m a tio n on the d o cu m en t to d e te r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be pun ch ed. M ay train
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

21
K EYPUN CH O PE R A T O R -

lontinued

C la s s B . tender c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tru ctio n s ,
t r a n s c r ib e s data fr o m s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts to punched c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ica l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e tica l o r c o m b in a tio n keypunch m ach in e to keypunch tabulating c a r d s . M ay v e r ify c a r d s .
W orking fr o m va rio u s^ sta n d a rd ize d s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts , fo llo w s s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e s w hich have
been co d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g
of data to be punched. P r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo rm a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e fe r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
d. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c t o r y , e t c . (o r oth er eq u ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
e.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o rg a n iz a tion a l segm en t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tion a l segm en t often in volvin g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a rio u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
ch in es such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r i c a l w ork .

a. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n w hose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition fo r c la s s B, but w hose su bordin ate staff
n o r m a lly n u m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly divid ed into o rg a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n ts w hich a r e often , in turn, fu rth er su bdivided. In som e c o m p a n ie s , this le v e l in clu d es a
w ide range o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly one o r tw o; or

SECR ETA RY
b. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c t o r y , e t c . (o r other equ ivalen t le v e l of
o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one individ ual. M aintains a c lo s e and highly
re s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o -d a y w o rk a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a ir ly in d e ­
pendently r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and gu id a n ce .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l le r s , and in co m in g m a il, a n s w e r s routin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s the te c h n ica l in q u irie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s, and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f il e s ; (c) m aintain s
the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m ak es ap p ointm ents as in s tru cte d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m s u p e r ­
v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs
fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign atu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r fo r m s
s ten og ra p h ic and typing w ork .

a. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tion a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); or

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l task s o f c o m p a r a b ly nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s know ledge o f o ffic e routine and und erstand ing o f the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

ST E N O G R A PH E R ,

E x clu s io n s
Not a il p o s itio n s that a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s
of p o s itio n s w hich a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as f o llo w s : (a) P o s itio n s w h ich d o not m e e t
the "p ers on a l-" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r ib e d ab o v e ; Tb) ste n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l
type d u ties ; (c) ste n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o ffic e as\ ista n ts to a g r o u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ica l,
o r m a n a g eria l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the d u ties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e
routin e o r su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib fe than th ose c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;
and (e) a s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w hich in vo lve m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ica l, ad m in ­
is tr a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l duties w hich a r e not ty p ica l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
those o f fic ia ls who have a s ig n ifica n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
com p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f this r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id en tify such p o s itio n s . V ice p r e s id e n ts w hose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on individual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., ap p ro v e o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r individual tru st a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u rp o se s o f app lying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
over

a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f fi c e r (o th e r than th^ ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r presid en t)
of a com p a n y that e m p lo y e s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f fi c e r le v e l) of a m a jo r s e g ­
m ent o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; or
b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f fi c e r (o th e r than ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t) of
a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
c . S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f fi c e r le v e l) o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ctio n a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , e t c .)
or a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s; a m a jo r d iv isio n )
o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; or




C la s s D

b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te ch n icia n o r e x p e r t. (N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to this le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o r k e r .)

G ENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in volvin g a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e ith e r in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e; and tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay m aintain f il e s , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la tiv e ly
routin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .
M ay op e ra te fr o m a sten og ra p h ic p o o l.
D oes not in clu d e tr a n s c r ib in g m ach in e w ork* (See tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

S T E N O G R A PH E R ,

SENIOR

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion in volvin g a v a r ie d tec h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e ith e r in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e; and tr a n s c r ib e d icta tion . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
cop y.
M ay a ls o set up and m aintain f il e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a te r indepen d en ce and r e s p o n s i­
b ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l as ev id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s high d e g r e e of
ste n o g ra p h ic speed and a c c u r a c y ; and a th orough w ork in g know ledge of g e n e ra l b u s in e s s and o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U ses this know ledge in p e r fo r m in g sten og ra p h ic duties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta sk s such a s , m aintain ing fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m em o ra n d u m s , le tt e r s ,
e t c .; co m p o s in g s im p le le tte r s fr o m g e n e r a l in s tru ctio n s ; read in g and routin g in com in g m a il; and
a n sw erin g routin e q u e s tio n s , e t c .
D oes not includ e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w ork .

SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p era tes a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n telep h on e s w itch b oa rd handling in com in g ,
outgoin g, intraplant o r o ffic e c a l ls .
P e r fo r m s fu ll telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e « o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l ls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l ls , eith e r in addition to doing
routin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d f o r sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a f u ll-t im e a ssig n m en t.
( " F u l l" telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a ried fu n ction s that are
not r e a d ily u n d erstand able f o r telep h on e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e of o v erla p p in g or
in te rr e la te d fu n ctio n s , and c o n s e q u en tly p r e s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s as to w hich ex te n s io n s a re
a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p erates a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b oa rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay handle routin e long d ista n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls . M ay
p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h on e in fo rm a tion s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s
if the fu n ctio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily un d erstan d able fo r telep h on e in form a tion
p u r p o s e s , o r if the r e q u e s ts a r e rou tin e, e .g ., givin g e x ten sion n u m bers when s p e c ific n am es are
fu rn is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)

22
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g du ties o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as p art o f r e g u la r
d u ties.
T h is typing o r c le r i c a l w o rk m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itch b o a rd .

C la s s C . O p e ra te s s im p le tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in es such as the
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o ll a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i fi c in s tru ctio n s .
M ay includ e s im p le
w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and s o m e filin g w o rk . The w o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a w ork
unit, fo r e x a m p le , individual s o r tin g o r co lla tin g runs o r re p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e ra te s a v a r ie t y o f tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
in clu d in g such m a ch in e s as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o lla t o r , and o th e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n ts w ithout c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r fo r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
The c o m p le te r e p o r tin g and tabulating a s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in vo lve a
v a r ie t y o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g type r e ­
qu irin g so m e planning and se q u e n cin g o f ste p s to be taken. A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p ic a lly in v olv ed in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m ach in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r tia lly tra in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and o p e ra tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s and d a y - t o day s u p e r v is io n o f the w o rk and p r o d u c tio n o f a gro u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p era te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as the
tabu lator and ca lcu la to r^ in A ddition to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o lla t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r fo r m e d under s p e c i fi c in s tru ctio n s and m ay in clu d e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g fr o m
d ia g r a m s . The w o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , tabulations in volvin g a r e p e titiv e
a ccou n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but sm a ll tabulating study, o r p a rts o f a lo n g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . Such r e p o r t s and stu d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g nature w h e re the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d . M ay a ls o in clu d e the tra in in g o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic
o p e r a tio n o f the m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in volvin g a n orm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c le r i c a l w ork .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as legal
b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed . A w o r k e r w ho tak es d icta tion in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s i f ie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IST
U se s a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m ake out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tio n s have been m ade by another p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w o rk in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as k eep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m w hen it
in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , p un ctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ica l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l;
and planning layout and typin g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n ce in s p a cin g .
M ay type rou tin e fo r m le tt e r s v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m rou gh o r c le a r d ra fts;
rou tin e typing o f f o r m s , in s u ra n ce p o l ic i e s , e t c .; and s e t t in g u p s im p le standard ta b u la tion s,
o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y setup and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F TSM A N ----Continued
C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
fe a tu re s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W ork s in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the
e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r ts .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
re v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r le v e l d ra fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s non rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n of m ost o f the s ta n d a rd iz e d draw in g te ch n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D uties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d raw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u la r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n ctio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s be tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
te c tu ra l d raw in gs fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu d in g d e ta il d raw in gs o f fo u n d a tio n s, w a ll
s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y
com p u ta tion s to d e te r m in e quantities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , str e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itial in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted w o rk is ch e c k e d fo r te c h n ica l ad e q u a cy.

C la s s C. P r e p a r e s d etail d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p arts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T yp e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d ep ictin g th ree d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a num ber o f s o u r c e s
and ad ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g gested m eth ods o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g tr a c in g cloth o r p ap er o v e r
d raw in gs and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
co n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r re p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e l y s u p e r v is e d

N U R SE, IN D U STR IAL (R E G IST E R E D )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to ill or
in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i ll o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c t o r y o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g f ir s t aid
to the ill o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f p atients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid e n t r e p o r t s fo r co m p e n s a tio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and health eva lu a tion s o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health e d u ca tion , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en v iron m en t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the health , w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND PQWERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M AIN TE N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m aintain in g o o d r e p a ir buildin g
w ood w ork and equipm ent such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and layin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s usin g a
v a r i e t y - o f c a r p e n t e r ^ h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts;




CARPEN TER,

M AIN TE N A N C E— Continued

m aking standard shop com p u tation s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s of w o rk ; and s e le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

23
E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TE N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN TEN AN CE )— Continued

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m ain te n a n ce ,
o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l equipm ent such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h eating u n its , conduit s y s t e m s , o r oth er t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m
b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g n o sin g tr o u b le in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r equipm ent; w o rk in g stan dard com p u tation s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l equipm ent; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u r in g and
testin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce e l e c t r i c ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alin ing w h e e ls ,
adju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tightenin g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the autom otiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
t ic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , ST A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m ay a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s ta tio n a r y e n gin es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s ;
O p eratin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
s u ch as s tea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g eq u ip m en t, s te a m b o i le r s and b o i le r - f e d w a te r pu m p s; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
k eepin g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n su m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in eer a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o i le r s to fu r n is h the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r gas o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w ater and s a fe ty v a lv e s . M ay cle a n , o i l, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i le r r o o m equipm ent.
HELPER,

M A IN TE N A N C E TR AD ES

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u r n e y m a n b y h olding m a te r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n ­
fin ed to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h oldin g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls and cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in
o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O L R O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e t o o ls , such as j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setups
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n ce ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts du rin g o p e r a tio n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s. M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed d r e s s ­
in g, to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i ls . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u stry w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g shops
a r e e x clu d e d f r o m this c la s s ific a t io n .
M AC H IN IST, M AIN TE N A N C E
P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ­
ic a l equipm ent op e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g
w ritten in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h an dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g standard m ach in e
t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking stan dard sh op com pu tation s re la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , and sp e e d s o f m ach in in g; k n ow ledge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f the c o m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c t in g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M EC H A N IC . A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN TEN AN CE )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g au to m o tiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u s e o f such h an dtools as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to c k ; grin din g and adjustin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an es ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
dism a n tlin g o r p a r tly dism a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f h an dtools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith item s obtained
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n of a re p la c e m e n t part b y a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m this c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju stin g m a ch in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a ch in e s o r h ea v y equ ipm en t, and d is m a n tles and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r
h e a v y equipm ent w hen changes in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : P lann ing and layin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using
a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools and rig g in g ; m aking stan dard shop com p u tation s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and ba la n cin g o f equipm ent; s e le ctin g stan d­
a rd t o o ls , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u s e d ; and in sta llin g and m aintain ing in g o o d o r d e r p ow er
t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d r iv e s and s p eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
equipm ent o f an es ta b lis h m e n t.

the

m ov in g p a rts

o r w ea rin g s u r fa c e s

o f m ec h a n ic a l

P A IN T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in ­
v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and typ es o f paint r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe re n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f il l e r
in nail h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls ,
w hite le a d , and oth er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ain ter r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M AIN TE N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, ste a m , g a s , o r oth er types o f pipe and p ip efittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a ying out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to l o ­
ca te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe
to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a ch in e; th r e a d ­
ing pipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; bending p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ipe w ith co u p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ipe r e q u ir e d ; and m aking standard t e s ts to d e term in e w hether
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m aintenance p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily engaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g buildin g san ita ­
tio n o r heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the plum bing s y s te m o f an esta b lish m en t in good o r d e r . W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge
o f s a n ita ry c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s ta lla tion of vents and tra p s in plum bing s y s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e ­
p a irin g p ip es and fix t u r e s ; and opening c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plunger o r p lu m b e r 's snake. In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce plu m b er r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M AIN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m aintain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and f i x ­
tu re s (su ch as m ach in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , tan ks, v e n tila to r s , ch u tes, d u cts,
m e ta l ro o fin g ) o f an es ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P lann ing and laying
out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es of s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a ch in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y of

24
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M AIN TE N A N C E— Continued

T O O L AND DIE M AK ER— Continued

h an dtools in cu tting, ben d in g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e tm etal a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is i o n m ea s u rin g in stru m en ts; u n d er­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g of
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; hreat-treating o f m eta l p a rts during fa b r ic a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls a n d .d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le ctin g ap p rop ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d throu gh a f o r m a l a p p ren tices h ip
o r e q u ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k er; jig m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r ; gage m aker)
C o n s tru cts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and
laying out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and die m a k e r s in t o o l and die job b in g
sh ops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

SH IPPIN G AN D RE C E IV IN G C L E R K

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p ost o r on to u r , m aintain ing
o r d e r , U£ing a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gatem en w ho a r e s tation ed at gate and
c h e ck on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r ch a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g s h ip ­
m en ts o f m e r ch a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A k n ow ledge o f shipping
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f t r a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f the go o d s sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f ladin g, postin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r ch a n d is e fo r s h ip ­
m ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s of
sh ip m en ts a g ain st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g
da m a ged g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r ch a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m aintain ing n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

th eft,

W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y again st f ir e ,
and ille g a l en try.

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w eep er; ch arw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :
C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c to r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , or
p r e m is e s o f an o f fi c e , apa rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in vo lve
a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m opping o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting eq u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s
o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L H ANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h an dler and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; sto ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h ou sem an o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r em p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th er e sta b lish m e n t
w h ose du ties in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : L oa d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and
m e r ch a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpackin gs sh e lv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r ch a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a te r ia ls o r
m e r ch a n d is e b y h an dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho load and unload^ ships are
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c it y o r in d u stria l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r ch a n d is e ,
e qu ip m en t, o r m en b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M anufacturin g pla n ts, freig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
cu s to m e rs * h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o loa d o r unload tru ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru ck in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent,
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be rated on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c ity .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u s e stockm an)
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d go o d s fr o m s to r e d m e r ch a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
ance w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , cu s to m e rs * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in add ition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in dica tin g ite m s fille d o r om itted,, k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n add ition al s tock o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th er re la te d du ties.

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d sep a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , light (under lV2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( l l/2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , oth er than t r a ile r type)

TRUCKER,

PO W ER

P A C K E R , SHIPPING
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts fo r shipm ent o r s to r a g e by p la cin g them in shipping c o n ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c i fi c o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d being depen dent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m ber o f
units to be p a ck ed , the type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the
p la cin g o f item s in shipping co n ta in e rs and m ay in vo lve one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
edge o f v a r io u s item s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te type and s iz e
of con ta in e r ; in s ertin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a te r ia l to p reven t
brea k a ge o r d am age; c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and applying la b e ls o r en te rin g iden tifyin g
data on con ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s are e x clu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m anua lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r i c -p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c to r to
tr a n s p o r t go o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r other
es ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by type o f tru ck , as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru cker,

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
pow er (oth er than fo rk lift)

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from
!S offices shown on
the inside front cover.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1968-------Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ., Apr. 1 9 6 8 1 ____________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1 9 6 8 1 _____
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— J.
N.
Feb. 1967_______________
Atlanta, Ga. , May 19681—
Baltimore, Md. , Oct. 1967.
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1968 1
Binghamton, N. Y. , July 1968 1---------------------------Birmingham, Ala. , Apr. 1968----------------------------Boise City, Idaho, July 1967-------------------------------Boston; M ass., Sept. 1967 1 —
Buffalo, N. Y ., Dec. 1967----Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1968--------------------------------Canton, Ohio, June 1968 1-----------------------------------Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1968 1------------------------Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1968 1------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Aug. 1967 ------------------Chicago, HI., Apr. 1968------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— —
Ky. Ind. , Mar. 1968 1--------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967.
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1967—
Dallas, T ex., Nov. 1967,
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.
Oct. 1967.
D ayton ,

O h io ,

Jan.

1968 1—

Denver, Colo. , Dec. 1967 1
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1968* —
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 19681 ------Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1967----Green Bay, Wis. , July 1967.
Greenville, S. C ., May 1968 l .
Houston, Tex., June 1968*.
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1967* —
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1968 1-----Jacksonville, F la., Jan. 1968.
Kansas City, M o.—
Kans., Nov. 1967 1
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H. , June 19681----Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. , July 1967----Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Ana he inq—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1968---------------------Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1968.
Lubbock, Tex. , June 1968 1
Manchester, N. H. , July 1968 l .
Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Jan. 1968 1
A
Miami, F la., Dec. 1967
Midland and Odessa, Tex. , June 1968*.
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1968--------------

Bulletin number
and price
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1530-53, 25 cents
1575-71, 35 cents
1575-18, 25 cents
1575-75, 30 cents
1625-3,
35 cents
1575-59, 30 cents
1575-3,
20 cents
1575-13, 30 cents
1575-41, 30 cents
1575-48, 20 cents
1575-65, 30 cents
1575-63, 30 cents
1575-57, 30 cents
25 cents
1575-7,
1575-81. .50 cents
1575-62, 30 cents
1575-14, 25 cents
1575-23, 25 cents
1575-20, 25 cents
1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1575-74,
1575-2,

25
30
25
30
35
25
20
30
45
30
30
20
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1625-4.
1575-32,
1575-28,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
25
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.



Area
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1968---------St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich. , May 1968
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1968 *____
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1968 1 -----------------------New Orleans, La., Feb. 1968_________________
New York, N. Y ., Apr. 1968---------------------------Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1968 __________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , July 1967______________
Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1967 1 --------------------Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J. , May 1968 1 --Philadelphia, Pa.— J. , Nov. 1967 *
N.
Phoenix, Ariz. , Mar. 1968 1.
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1968--------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1967 1-----------------------Portland, Oreg. —
Wash. , May 1968 1-------------Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R. I.—
Mass.
May 1968.
Raleigh, N. C. , Aug. 1967 1 ----------Richmond, V a., Nov. 1967 *
Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only) July 1968
Rockford, 111., May 1968 1____________________
St. Louis, M o.— , Jan. 1968 ----------------------111.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1967 ______________
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1968
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. ,
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1967------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , Jan. 1968San Jose, Calif. , Sept. 1967 1
Savannah, Ga. , May 1968 1 --Scranton, P a., July 1967*.
Seattle—
Everett, Wash. , Nov. 1967 1
Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1967 1 --------------------South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1968 1-------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1968_________
Syracuse, N. Y. , July 1968l-_
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla. , Aug. 1967.
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , Feb. 1968___
Trenton, N. J ., Nov. 1967-----------Utica—
Rome, N. Y. , July 1968 1
---------Washington, D. C .—
Md.—
Va. , Sept. 1967.
Waterbury, Conn., Apr. 1968*
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1967____
Wichita, Kans., Dec. 1967 —
Worcester, M ass., June 1968 1 ----York, Pa., Feb. 19681_____
Youngstown-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1967 1 __

Bulletin number
and price
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1575-4,
1575-21,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1575-16,
1575-80,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
**0 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1575-61,
1575-6,
1575-27,
1625-2.
1575-70,
1575-39,
1575-35,
1575-69,

30
25
25
35
30
30
20
30

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1575-15,
1575-73,
1575-9,
1575-29,
1575-17,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1625-1,
1575-11,,
1575-53,,
1575-26,,
1575-31,,
1575-76,,
1575-42,,
1575-25,,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
Z 5 cents
30 cents
20 cents
35 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

W ASHINGTON, D .C . 20212




rFIRST CLASS MAIL~^
i_____________________________________________________

i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102