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Louisville, Kentucky—Indiana,
Metropolitan Area
November 1978

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025- 69
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

\ 4^

.




A

*

Preface
T h i s b u ll e t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a N o v e m b e r 197 8 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in the L o u i s v i l l e , K e n t u c k y —
India na , S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
Statistical A rea .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s 1 annual
area wage survey program .
It w a s
c o n d u c t e d b y the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
J e r r y G. A d a m s ,
A ssista n t R egional
C om m issioner
fo rO peration s.
The
s u r v e y c o u l d not h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y
f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r ­
m a t i o n in th is b u ll e tin .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n
f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b l i c a t i o n is in the p u b lic d o m a i n a n d m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith o u t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P lea se cred it




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a t i o n .

of

Labor

Statistics

and

cite

th e

nam e

and

num ber

of

this

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s f o r the L o u i s v i l l e a r e a is
a v a i l a b l e f o r the m o v i n g and s t o r a g e ( N o v e m b e r 1977) in d u s t r y .
Listings of
u n io n w a g e ra t e s a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u il d in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s ,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s a nd h e l p e r s , and
g r o c e r y store em p loy ees.
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u rea u 's region a l office s .
(See b a ck c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Louisville, Kentucky—Indiana,
Metropolitan Area
November 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner
March 1979
Bulletin 2025-69

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U S Government Printing Office,
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________

Page
2

T ables:
A.

E a r n i n g s , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ;
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __ 3
A - 2 . W eekly earnings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________
6
A - 3. A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
7
t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________
A - 4. H o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m a i n t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s ________________________________
9
A - 5 . H ourly earn ings o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s __ 10
A - 6. A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f
m aintenance, to o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x __________ 12
A - l . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h ourly e a rn in g s , adjusted fo r
em p lo y m e n t shifts, f o r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________ 13

Page
A pp en d ix A .
A pp en d ix B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y _________ 14
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________ 17

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 7 5 in w h i c h th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (See l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s da ta ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has n o B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .

E a ch y e a r after all individual a re a w age s u rv e y s have been c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y bulletin s are is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a S u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a , f o r
a ll S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s the n e e d
t o d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 th r o u g h A -6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r in g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A -8 t h r o u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g b e c a u s e th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g is t o o s m a l l to
w arrant separate presentation.
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m e n t sh ifts a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
A ppendixes
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t i o n .

used by B ureau field e c o n o ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earning
$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

%

of—

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

ALL

100

11 0

120

130

me

150

160

1 70

18 0

190

200

2 20

24 0

26 0

2 80

3 00

32 0

3 «*0

360

380

10 0

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

11U

1 20

1 30

140

150

160

170

180

1 90

200

22 0

240

2 60

2 80

300

3 20

34 0

360

38 0

400

-

-

3

112
3b
7b
“

47
22
25

113
37
7b
-

155
S (*
71
6

1 36
72
64
-

97
38
59
-

171
73
98
1

1 80
129
51
2

14 7
108
39
19

155
139
16
9

52
28
24
15

52
25
27
26

33
15
18
18

19
13
6
b

13
13
-

2
2

1
-

12
(*
8
-

-

-

7

-

5
3
2

(*

2
2

9
(*
5

12
9
3

7
4
3

14
12
2

7
4
3

a

-

-

(*

7
7
-

1
2

-

-

-

45
45

3
3

43
1
(*2

10
2
8

9
2
7

30
(*
26

28
8
20

39
7
32

47
35
12

34
31
3

19
12
7

18
17
1

2

6

2

b

22
12
10

23
9
14
“

50
28
22
b

(*8
34
14

44
28
16
-

66
44
22

37
31
6
1

28
23
5

lb
12
4
1

6
2
(*
3

12
4
8
8

18
2
lb
16

18
2
lb
lb

10
10
-

-

1
1

30
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

and
under

WORKERS

SE C RE TA R IE S ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NON MA NUFACTURING----------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

1 .5 0 0
8 38
862
102

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9.0
39.5

$
2 16 .50
2 2 7 . 5Q
2 03.00
2 87 .50

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

77
«*(*
33

3 9 .5
40.0
3 8 .5

2 2 4 . 5U 2 3 0 . 0 0
2 36 .00 2 38.00
2 09 .00 2 03 .50

1 8 0 . 0 0 —2 6 6 . 0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 7 0 .0 0
1 63 .50 -2 50 .00

-

-

-

-

-

“

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

336
1 21
215

39.0
39.5
28.5

2 1 9 .5 0 2 15.00 1 6 7 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
2 60 .50 2 62 .00 2 4 1 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0
1 9 6 . 5U 1 9 2 . OL 1 6 1 a0 0 —2 2 3 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

403
25 3
15 0
35

39. 5
3 9 .5
38.5
39.0

2 11 .00
2 10 .50
2 13 .00
290 .50

1 96 .50
2 00 .00
1 95.00
3 20 .00

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 3 5 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 3 6 .0 0
2 87 .00 -3 28 .00

-

-

-

-

2
2

23
lb
7

-

-

~

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS D --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

428
275
15 3
(*2

39.5
39.5
39.5
3 9 .0

226 .50
2 30.00
2 19 .50
283 .50

219.50
2 42 .00
208. O
U
2 87 .00

1 8 3 .5 0 -2 6 0 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0 -2 6 0 .5 0
1 88 .50 -2 57 .00
2 70 .50 -3 04 .50

-

-

-

-

(*
3
1

-

5
(*
1

2b
22
(*

66
43
23

42
18
24

1(*
6
8

58
16
42
1

18
12
b
1

56
45
11
7

87
80
7
7

18
8
10
10

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL ASS E --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

236
130

4 0 .0
«*0.0

1 93 .00
2 07 .00

1 82.50
2 21 .50

1 59 .50 -2 36 .50
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 3 6 .5 0

3
“

b
1

37
20

17
b

16
2

25
11

29
11

b
~

9

72
70

9
1

4
4

2
2

STENOGRAPHERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

517
1 84
33 3

3 8 .5 1 8 9 .5 0 1 78 .50
( * 0 . 0 2 1 2 . 5U 2 0 4 . 5 0
3 8 .0 1 7 7 .0 0 1 57 .50

1 4 9 .5 0 -2 2 6 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 3 8 .5 0
1 49 .50 -2 07 .00

32

89
1
88

61
10
51

21
3
18

31
21
10

36
19
17

29
18
11

(*b
31
17

41
33
8

57
17
40

16
8
8

18
10
8

5
3
2

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

255
76
179

39.0
(*a.O
38.5

192 .00
2 03 .00
187 .50

1 90 .00
216.50
159.00

1 5 0 .5 0 -2 4 2 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0 -2 3 8 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -2 4 2 .0 0

45
10
35

3
3
-

7
3
4

9
9

12
7
5

22
13
9

29
21
8

48
10
38

9
2
7

4

2

4

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2 62
1 08
154

38. 5 1 87.00
(*Q. 0 2 1 9 . 5 0
3 7.0 164 .50

1 73 .50
203.50
149.50

1 4 9 .5 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

16

24
18
6

27
19
8

17
11
6

26
18
8

12
12
-

9
7
2

7
6
1

14
10
4

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE T Y P I S T S ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

103
73

3 9.0
3 8 .5

1 56 .50
142 .50

1 53 .00
1 40 .50

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

-

1
1

17
3

-

-

_

-

-

T YP IS TS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

53 8
72
466

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

143 .50
1 59.50
141 .50

1 39.00
1 49.50
1 37.00

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 21 .U 0 -1 55 .50

-

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

75
26
(*s

3 9 .5 1 86.00
39. 5 2 03.00
3 9 .5 177 .00

1 78 .50
2 00 .00
1 70 .50

1 4 8 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

46 3
46
417

3 8.5
4 0.0
3 8.0

134.00
130.00
136.00

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

S ee

fo o tn o te s

137 .00
1 34.50
137 .00

$
2 0 8 . OU
2 33 .00
1 92 .00
295.50

$
$
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 5 3 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 2 3 .5 0
2 5 7 .0 0 -3 1 9 .0 0

1

7

-

-

-

-

■

“

-

-

10
3
7

17
3
1(*

-

-

10
3
7

17
3
1(*

21

-

-

21

15
1
14

“

-

-

-

11
11

74
74

16

18
18

-

-

32

1

2

3
-

3
-

-

“

-

-

1

_
-

-

2

1

-

1
1

2
3
-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

-

1
i
-

-

1

2
2
-

-

5

-

-

1

-

1
1
-

-

1

2
2
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

21
7

-

57
57

75
lb
59

87
7
80

56
5
51

75
13
62

60
(*
56

54
6
(* 8

14
~
14

17
1
16

5
1
(*

25
16
9

(*
(*

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

5
1
(*

7
1
b

b
1
5

(*
(*
“

8
8

2
2

3

(*
(*

-

-

3

19
16
3

5
5

-

57
57

72
16
56

82
7
75

51
(*
47

68
12
5b

54
3
51

50
2
(* 8

6

15
1
14

2
1
1

6

_

-

-

3

3

-

12
10

6

-

1
1

b
b

6

7
7
-

-

12
12

-

1
1

5
<
*
1

6
6

-

2
2

-

13
13

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

m
14

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

~

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b er of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g straigh t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—

Average
weekly

O c cu p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

90

10 0

110

120

130

m o

150

160

170

18 0

130

20 0

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

38 0

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

59

20

41

21

12

7
14

hours1

an d
under

Median2

(standard)

100

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
3 8.5
38.0

1 30 .00
130.50

113 .50
116 .00

1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -

138.00
137.50

F I L E C LE R K S. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ----

39.0
3 9 .0

1 5 5 .00
157 .50

139 .50
137 .00

1 1 9 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -

184.00
1 8 5 .00

F I L E C LE R K S. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ----

38.5
37.5

1 1 7 .00
115.50

110.00 1 0 8 . 5 0 111.00 1 0 8 . 5 0 -

126.00
123.50

95
33
62

139 .00
153.00
131.50

127 .00
153 .00
116 .00

1 1 1 .5 0 1 5 2 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0 -

162.00
163 .50
128.00

27

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —

101
26
75

39.5 153.50
39.0 197 .00
39. 5 138.50

1 33 .00
192 .00
119 .00

1 1 9 .0 0 1 5 8 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 -

177 .50
2 27 .50
155.50

26

SWITCHBOARD OP ERA TO R-RECEPTIONIS TSMANUFAC T U R I N G ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

31 1
123
18 8

1 4 8 .00
156 .00
143 .00

142 .50
1 50 .00
142 .00

1 2 6 .5 0 1 3 6 .0 0 1 2 2 .0 0 -

162.00
164,
150.00

34
7
27

190 .50
190 .50
1 90 .50

1 86 .00
187 .00
1 86.00

1 6 9 .0 0 1 6 9 .0 0 1 7 2 .0 0 -

2 07 .00
2 18 .50
207.00

200

F I L E CLERKS ------------NONMANUFACTURING

1 42

MESSENGERS --------------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

ORDER CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING
A

40.0

133 .00

1 7 7 .5 0 -

50

4 1.0
4 0.0

189 .50
131.00

1 86 .00
1 87 .00

1 6 9 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0 -

3 9 .5
4 0.0
3 3.0
3 9 .0

194.00
2 01 .50
190.00
2 4 4 .50

1 80.00
188 .00
170 .00
2 57 .50

1
1
1
1

48
58
46
96

.0 0 .0 0 .0 0 .0 0 -

619
3 50
26 9
88

39. 5
40.0
39. 5
39.5

218.00
2 23 .00
211.50
287.00

1 99 .50
2 01 .50
190 .00
2 84.00

1
1
1
2

6
8
6
7

.0 0 .0 0 .0 0 .0 0 -

76 8
185
583
203

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9.0

175.00
160.50
180.00
226.50

1 60 .00
1 52.00
1 60.00
2 42 .00

1 4 0 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 -

4 0 .0

188.50
196 .50

1 75 .00
1 81 .00

1 5 7 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0 -

26

76
25

21

1

29

2 00 .00
165.
2 0 8 .00
2 8 9 .00

56

1
11

2 72 .00
269.50
2 72 .00
3 02.00

ACCOUNTING CL ER K S. CL ASS 6 ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

12

236.
236.50
242.00
2 89 .00

ACCOUNTING C LER KS . CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------

14
7

54
26

2 0 7 . UO
240.00

.387
535
85 2
297

31
31

2 1 1 .00

ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------

14

10

216.50
251.00

ORDER C LE R K S.

CLASS

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s

6
4
1
2

45
7
78
23
55

12

80
27
53

94
39

39
25

12
52
43

132
3b

1 5 7 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

at end o f ta b le s .




136
37
61

4

19
17

29
15

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Louisville, Ky. —Ind., November 1978— Continued




5

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978

S ee fo o tn o te s

at en d o f ta b le s .




6

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978— Continued
Weekly earnlngs^^™
(staindard)
Number

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a igh t-tim e w e e k ly earnings of—
$

$

workers

weekly
hours1
(standard)

*

*

$

*

*

$

$

%

$

%

*

$

$

s

$

%

$

%

%

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

3 20

3H0

3 60

3 80

40 0

4 40

48 0

52 0

560

600

12 0

O c c u p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

mo

1 60

180

200

220

2HQ

260

280

300

320

340

36 0

3 80

40 0

* HO
4

H 80

5 20

560

600

b40

-

-

-

3
3

7
7

~

34
16

46
*
4

66
3*
4

6
6

~

“
-

3

7

-

-

-

10

3*4

-

-

-

-

10
10

10
8

23
22

2
2

11
11

2
2

*
4
*
4

3

-

H
H

_

100
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
16 2
70

40.0
4 0 .0

$
3 28.00
3 25 .50

$
326.00
3 46 .00

$
$
3 1 6 .5 0 -3 4 7 .5 0
3 1 6 .5 0 -3 4 6 .0 0

-

CLASS A -

54

4 0 .0

324 .50

3 46 .00

3 2 7 .0 0 -3 4 6 .0 0

-

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

81
78

3 9.5
39.5

2 7 5 .0 0 2 74.50
2 7 5 . 5U 2 7 4 . 5 0

2 3 7 .0 0 -3 0 2 .5 0
2 3 3 .5 0 -3 0 5 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------ELECTRONICS

TE CHNICIANS.

See footnotes

—

1
1

-

3
3

8
8

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

at e n d o f t a b l e s .

Table A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Louisvil e, Ky. —Ind., November 1978
Average
(mean2)
Sex, 3 o ccu p a tion ,

OFFICE

and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

ORDER CLERKS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

1 55
147

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ■
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------

Sex, 3 occupation,

OFFICE
60
42

footnotes

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

See

Weekly
hours
(standard)

$
3 8. 5 1 35 .50
3 8 .5 1 30 .00
41.0
41.0

195 .00
1 93.50

168
67
101
99

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

263 .00
2 7 b . 00
2 5 4 . 5U
2 56.00

88
56

40.0
40.0

29H .0 0
2 93 .50

80
69
68

39.0
3 9.0
39.0

2 29 .00
2 35 .50
2 37.00

a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

WOMEN
$
39. 5 2 1 6 .50
39. 5 2 2 7 .50
3 9 .0 2 0 2 .50
39. 5 2 8 6 .50

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

1 .4 9 7
838
659
99

SECR ETARIES. CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

77
H
H
33

SECRETARIES. CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

33 6
121
2 15

3 9 .0 2 19 .50
39. 5 2 60 .50
3 8 .5 1 96 .50

SECRETARIES. CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

401
2 53
1H8
33

39. 5
39. 5
38.5
39.0

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

7

39.5
40.0
38.5

2 2 4 .50
236 .00
209 .00

2 10 .50
210 .50
211 .50
2 85 .00

Sex, 3 occu pa tio n ,

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

2 26 .00
2 30 .00
2 19 .00
283 .00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— C0NTINUE0
SECRETARIES

-

C0NTINUF0

SECR ETARIES. CLASS 0 --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

4 27
275
152
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9.0

SECRETARIES. CLASS E --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

236
130

HO • 0 1 9 3 . 0 0
4 0 .0 207.00

STENOGRAPHERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

513
184
32 9

38.5
4 0 .0
38.0

189.00
212.50
1 75.50

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

252
76
17 6

39.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

1 91.00
203.00
185.50

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978— Continued
Averue
(mean2)
Sex, 3 o cc up at ion ,

and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekhr
hours
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Sex, 3 o cc up at ion , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

261
10 8

38.5
4 0.0
3 7 .0

$
186 .50
219 .50
1 63 .50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYP IS TS ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 02
72

39.0
38.5

156 .50
1 42 .50

TYPISTS ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

534
72
48 2

38.5
4 0.0
38.0

1 43 .50
1 5 9 .50
1 4 1 .00

3 9 .5 184 .50
39. 5 203 .00
3 9 .5 174 .50

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

AIM

38.5
40.0
3 8 .0

136 .50
1 34 .50
1 3 7 . OU

195
137

38.5
38.0

127 .00
1 26 .50

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

<*60

FIL E CLERKS -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A
S

3 9 .5 152 .00
39. 0 1 5 3 .50

FILE CLERKS. CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

38.5
37.5

1 1 7 .00
115 .50

MESSENGERS ----------------------------------------------------

39.0
39.5
3 9.0
39.5

1 5 2 .00
1 9 5 .50
1 37.00

56
33

4 0 .0
40.0

fa s.so
1 96 .50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------

36

40.0

1 70 .50

MACHINE BILLERS ----------------------------------

35

40.0

189 .50

BILLERS -----------

26

40.0

1 97 .00

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

201
133
68

3 9 .5 1 70 .00
4 0 .0 1 67 .50
39. 5 175 .00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

854
330
524
44

39.5
40.0
3 9.0
3 9.0

1 72.00
1 94.00
1 58 .50
2 40.50

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

3 04
1 46
156

39.5
40.0
3 9 .0

1 81.00
1 91.50
171 .00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

5 50
182
368
38

39. 0 167 .00
4 0 .0 1 95 .50
3 9 .0 1 53 .00
3 9 .0 2 31 .50

1 4 5 .00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

BILLING-MACHINE

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

13 9
96

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

3 9. 5 148 .00
4 0 .0 156 .00
3 9 . 0 1 4 3 . go

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S ) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

23 9
116
123

4 0 .0
40.0
39.5

4 20 .00
4 5 b . 00
3 86 .00

ORDER CLERKS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 19
79

4 1 . 0 1 6 4 .bU
4 0 .0 187 .50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ----------------------

132

4 0.0

451 .50

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

90

1 85 .50
1 91 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

89
55

3 9.5
3 9.5

3 88 .00
4 21 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S ) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2 06
54
15 2

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S )
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

62
47

4 0.0
4Q.0

3 26.50
3 09.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S I N E S S )
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

10 5
30
75

3 9.0
3 9.5
39.0

2 75 .50
3 33.00
253 .00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

.2 1 9
A 68
751
19 8

39. 5
40.0
39.0
38.5

184 .50
13G.bG
1 81 .00
238 .50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

531
29A
237
57

39. 5
4 0.0
39. 5
39.0

205 .50
209 .50
2 00 .00
280 .50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS 8 ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

688
1 7A
51A
1A1

3 9 .5
40.0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

169 .00
158 .50
1 72 .50
221 .50

See footnotes




375
104
271

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

259
67
192

B

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
NONMANUFACTURING -

at e nd o f t a b l e s .

8

3 01 .00
320.00
2 86 .50
233.50
4 0 .0 270.50
39. 5 220.50

51
42

CLASS

>4.50
2 74 .00
2 19 .50

65
28
37

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

156.00
155.50

DRAFTERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

355
236
119

40.0
40.0

2 5 4 .00
2 7 1 .00
2 20 .50

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----

115
69

40.0
40.0

336.50
354.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----

117
97

4 0 .0
40.0

235 .50
2 53 .50

40.0
4 0 .0

191.00
2 0 7 .00

4 0 .0
40.0

328.50
325 .50

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------

TE CHNICIANS.

154
70
CLASS A-

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U SI N ES S) ------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

3 9. 5 2 76 .00
3 9 .5 3 22 .50
3 9. 5 2 59 .00

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

AND TECHNICAL
MEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER OPERATORS MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

ELECTRONICS

311
123
188

41.0
40.0

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING ---------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

50

Sex, 3 occu pa ti on,

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS - CONTINUED
STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean2)
umber
of
ozkers

(B U S I N E S S )

—

201.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS - MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

39. 5 1 95.00
3 9 .0 2 04.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

207 .50
39
4 0 .0 1 9 2 .50
39. 0 219.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

40.0
40.0

1 6 b . 00
164 .00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

275.00
275.50

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

81
78

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978
Hourly earnings *

O c cu p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o:

Mean *

Median*

Middle range 2

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

%

3 .8 0

s
4 .0 0

4 .4 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .2 0

5 .6 0

5
6 .0 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 .8 0

5
7.2 0

$
7 . 60

s
8 .0 0

$
8 .4 0

$
8 . 80

$
9 .2 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

2 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7.2 0

7 .6 0

8 . 00

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 . 20

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4 0 1 0 .8 0

7

2
2

21
21

"

20
20

14
14

45
45

10
10

2

20
20

24
24

8
8

32
32

14
6

54
54

38
38

159
85

29
29

37
37

93
93

166
166

22
22

7
6

12
12

12
12

9
9

11
11

lb
16

_

3

75
75

83
83

%

%

---------- £--------- J-----9 .6 0 10 .0 0 1 0 .4 0

1

and
u nd e r
3 .0 0

ALL

5
3 .0 0

12
6

$
2.8 0

WORKERS

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 08
1 59

$
7 .6 1
8 .6 4

$
8.0 0
8.6 7

$
6 .8 6 7 .9 1 -

$
8 .9 3
9 .7 5

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

6 42
5 54

8 .9 7
9 .0 8

8 .8 6
9 .5 9

8 .4 0 - 1 0 .0 1
8 .0 0 - 1 0.0 1

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

134
88

7 .3 5
8 .5 7

7.6 8
8.4 0

5 .0 07 .7 2-

8.9 2
9.4 1

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

21

22

-

-

1

i

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

975
458

8 .9 7
8 .9 9

8.9 3
9 .5 9

8 .1 0 8 .1 0 -

9 .7 7
9.7 7

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

2
2

9
9

23
23

158
158

40
23

2

79
79

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------nonmanufacturing:
PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

567
4 95

8 •U8
8 .0 6

8 .3 1
8 .4 0

7 .2 4 7 .1 5 -

8 .9 2
8 .9 3

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48
48

82
81

51
41

57
31

39
39

139
115

9b
9b

16
16

31
22

-

-

b
6

70

8 .3 0

7 .9 5

7 .9 5-

8.5 5

1

10

26

-

24

-

-

9

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

57 5
150
42 5

7 .8 5
7 .7 0
7 .9 0

7 .5 9
7 .9 6
7 .5 9

7 .4 3 5 .8 5 7 .5 9 -

8.8 2
8.5 6
8 .8 2

9
9

22 2
4
21 8

26
24
2

30
23
7

34
20
14

24
3
21

i
1
-

1 25
28
97

-

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

519
5 19

8 .9 9
8 .9 9

8 .7 1
8.7 1

8 .0 0 — 9 .8 1
8 . 0 0 - 9.8 1

2
2

-

29
29

118
118

1 12
11 2

4
4

43
43

177
177

34
34

MAINTENANCE SH EE T-M E TA L WORKERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

93
93

9 .5 1
9 .5 1

9 .9 5
9 .9 5

8 .7 88 .7 8-

4
4

8
8

15
15

2
2

-

41
41

23
23

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

3 28
328

9 .5 8
9 .5 8

1 0.1 6
1 0.16

39
39

-

-

-

_

92
92

175
17 5

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELP ERS -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

77
33

6 .3 3
7 .2 7

5 .6 6
7 .3 8

5 .5 9 7 .0 5-

7 .0 5
8.1 7

11
11

-

-

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

398
29 8

9 .0 0
9 .0 0

8 .7 7
8 .7 7

8 .7 7 8 .7 7-

9 .7 5
9 .7 5

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

14 5
77

8 .3 2
8 .6 1

8 .6 9
8 . 93

7 .3 48 .0 0 -

8 .9 2
8.9 3

-

BOILER TENDERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

219
154

6 .1 7
7 .5 4

6 .9 8
7 .9 9

2 .9 2 6 .8 9 -

8 .0 5
8.6 0

63

21

21

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

17
17

57
18
39

22
6
16

_
-

-

9 .9 5
9 .9 5

9 .9 0 - 1 0 .1 6
9 .9 0 - 1 0.1 6

1
1
-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

9

-

4
4

-

~

-

4
4

3
3

-

8

t
t

29
-

-

-

18
3

-

8
6

8
8

2
2

_

-

21

6
6

-

-

1
1

13
13

“

6
b

b
6

-

15
15

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




3
2
1

14
14

43
43

210
2 10

-

11
11

1
1

7
7

9
9

49
3

21
21

5
5

24
24

2b
26

29
29

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

13
13

16
16

53
53

30
30

_

15
14

2
2

14
14

4
4

-

-

2
2

_

-

34
34

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re ce iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e hourly ea rn in g s o f—
~ i -------

$
2 .8 0

5
3 .0 0

*
3 .2 0

*
3 .4 0

S
S
3 • bO 3 . 8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .2 0

5
5 .6 0

S
6 .0 0

$
6 .4 0

S
6 . 80

$
7 .2 0

$
7 .6 0

$
8 .0 0

s
8*40

5
8 .8 0

9 .2 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

b .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

163
~
163

2
2

25
25

58

4
4

31
30
i
-

39
19
20
16

89
30
59
48

4
4

58

58
12
46
-

38
19
19

15 7
7b
81
4

207
22
185
6

52
16
36
-

73
56
17
1

254
47
207
-

54
53
1
-

12 4
108
16
~

61
21
40
“

176
4
172
-

-

24

54

30
30

5
4
i

lb
16

-

4
4

7
7

7
7
“

13
5
8

3

_
-

_
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

1
1
-

1
1

18
15
3

ii
ii

4
4

52
12
40

26
8
18

94
69
25

96
3
93

40
4
36

11
11

214
7
207

2
2

1
1

-

-

48
46
2

-

-

32
32

2
2

36
36

_

-

-

84
8

-

-

-

4
4

48
47
1

38
24
14

39
39

172
172

_
-

_

8
8

11
11

3

_

_

2

-

-

-

116
116

9
2
7

_

-

_

%

2 .6 0

Oc cu p at io n and in d u s t r y d i v is io n
Mean 2

ALL

Median2

Middle range 2

%

9 • bQ

and
under

WORKERS

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

$
7 .1 6
6 .5 9
7 .3 2
9 .0 8

$
7 .5 1
6 .9 0
8 .5 4
9 .4 5

$
5 .5 5 5 .2 9 5 .8 0 9 .4 5 -

$
9 .4 5
7 .6 4
9 .4 5
9 .4 8

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

3 .2 9
4 .4 7
2 .9 4

3 .0 0
4 .1 0
2 .6 5

2 .6 5 3 .7 5 2 .6 5 -

3 .7 5
4 .9 2
3 .2 5

163

24

54

2

7 .4 1
6 .7 3
7 .5 0

6 .8 5
6 .2 1
6 .8 5

5 .8 0 5 .2 9 6 .3 3 -

9 .4 8
7 .6 4
9 .4 8

-

2

1

_

2

1

4
4

2
2

7 .1 9
7 .9 0
9 .4 5
7 .5 1
9 .4 5

~

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS. TR AC TOR -TR AI LER ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 . 0 50
22 4

154
78

8 .5 6
7 .3 6

5 .9 5
7 .1 9

5 .9 5 7 .1 9 -

1 41
79 4

8 .5 4
6 .7 7
8 .8 5

9 .4 5
7 .2 1
9 .4 5

8 .0 2 6 .4 3 8 .5 4 -

-

163

-

6 .1 6
6 .1 6

6 .4 9
6 .4 9

4 .8 3 4 .8 3 -

7 .7 1
7 .7 1

REC EI VER S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

6 .7 0
7 .2 7
5 .5 1

6 .8 0
7 .8 0
5 .3 7

5 .7 7 6 .4 1 4 .9 5 -

8 .2 3
8 .2 3
6 .3 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
“

-

3
2

7
7

-

3
2

-

-

23

1

7
7

1

1
~
1

-

23

SHIPPERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

-

2 4b
1 18

2

-

5
4
i

52

“

2
2

-

-

10
10

-

29
6
23

25
8
17

~

-

-

4
4

“

52

3

-

"

"

8
6
2

7
7
-

37
31
6

4
4

4
2

15
15

3

-

7
6
i

58
31
27

24
24
“

29
20
9

15
b
9

16
16

-

-

~

_
-

-

910
57
8 53
853

21
21
21

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

422
53
369

-

_

_

-

-

4b a
4
484

-

21
21
_

-

5 .9 5

5 .7 2

4 .8 0 -

7 .7 1

-

1

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

15

-

7

-

4

i

2

10

5

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

535
2 50
38 5

5 .6 5
5 .5 0
5 .7 5

5 .7 4
5 .4 2
5 .9 0

4 .8 3 4 .7 7 5 .7 0 -

6 .3 5
5 .9 9
6 .3 5

-

-

8
8

1

18

_

36
35
1

161
62
99

1 62
34
128

27
16
11

37
7
30

26
5
21

-

2
2

_

-

_
-

_
-

“

85
35
50

28
2 8

18

22
14
8

14
14

1

8
8

-

-

-

-

ORDER F I L L E R S ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 .1 4 8
8 26

5 .0 6
4 .6 2

5 .1 4
4 .5 4

3 .9 5 3 .2 0 -

6 .2 1
5 .2 0

85
85

45
45

71
71

50
50

19
19

i
1

26
10

48
32

8
4

155
145

90
90

17 0
170

-

227
18

18
9

13
9

2

40

70
70

10

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

31 0
17 2
138

5 .1 8
5 .9 1
4 .2 8

5 .1 7
6 .5 0
4 .3 5

3 .9 5 4 .5 4 2 .9 0 -

6 .6 1
6 .8 7
5 .1 7

20
20

20
20

-

-

2

-

40
40

-

18
18

43
3
40

29
3
26

12
12

6
b
-

38
38
-

23
23
-

_
-

23
23
"

_
-

_
-

4
4

_

*

30
30

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------- -------

1 .2 5 5
1 .0 3 2
2 23

6 .2 9
6 .4 9
5 .3 3

6 .3 6
6 .6 1
5 .1 4

5 .1 4 5 .6 2 4 .3 5 -

8 .1 3
8 .1 3
6 .2 1

10
10

15
15

4
4

-

1
1

-

20
20

9b
75
21

32
12
20

75
72
3

81

191
188
3

1 10
88
22

90
90
-

143
142
1

7
7

1

81

44
42
2

FO R KL IFT OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2 .2 0 2
1 .8 2 8
375

6 .6 3
6 .7 8
5 .8 8

6 .6 7
6 .8 9
5 .8 0

5 .9 0 6 .1 1 4 .5 3 -

7 .7 2
7 .9 7
6 .3 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

50
50

126
110
16

111
35
76

3 87
32 3
64

409
409

~

68
64
4

175
175

~

177
58
119

91
91
~

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

282
250

7 .1 6
7 .2 6

8 .0 9
8 .0 9

5 .9 2 5 .9 2 -

8 .0 9
8 .0 9

39
27

45
45

SHIPPERS

AND REC EIVERS ---------------------

—

2

15
15

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




10

“
1
1

14
14
“

—

_

23
23

10
10

-

-

-

1
39
39

_

-

2
2
"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

_
~

_

_

_

335
2 96
39
3 52
2 71
81

180
180

130
130

15
15

~

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978— Continued
Hourly earning! 4

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a igh t-tim e hourly ea rn in gs o f—
%

3 .0 0

5
3 .20

$
2 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

2 .8 0

2 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 • 4a

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

6 57
657

549

18

3

549

18

6
~
6

16

4

2

640

54 5
545
827
8 27

2 .6 0

O c cu p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

$
2 .8 0

%

Number
Mean *

Median2

Middle range 2

5 .6 0

$
6 .0 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 . 80

S
7.20

$
7.6 0

$
8 .0 0

s

.30

$
5 .2 0

%

4 .4 0

• 40

*
8 .80

$
9 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .00

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .60

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .20

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0

.80

.0 0

*
4 .2 0

.00

4 .2 0

'

!

%

and
under

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
GUARDS -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

1 » 6 *42
336
1 .3 0 6
28

$
3 .6 7
6 .5 5
2 .9 3
6 .7 7

$
2 .8 5
6 .8 3
2 .7 5
6 .3 9

$
2 .7 05 .5 82 .6 55 .5 6 -

$
3 .4 5
7.4 4
2 .8 5
7 .2 7

GUARDS. CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

2 44
205

6 .8 0
7 .1 7

7 .0 0
7 .0 5

6 .6 9 6 .6 9 -

7 .4 4
7.4 4

GUARDS. CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 .3 9 7
131
I t 266

3 .1 2
5 .5 7
2 .8 7

2 .8 5
5 .0 6
2 .7 5

2 .7 0 - 2 .8 5
4 . 4 5 - 7 .0 1
2 • 6 5— 2 . 8 5

JA NI T O RS . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

3 » 2*47
1.15*4
2 .0 9 3
95

<4.ID
6 .2 0
2 .9 4
5 .4 3

2 .8 0
6 .3 6
2 .8 0
5 .5 6

2 .6 5 5 .7 4 2 .6 5 5 .4 3 -

5 .9 5
6 .8 1
2 .8 0
5 .9 5

640
1 04 2
1042
6

20
19
i

8
8

24
4
20

31
31
-

18
18

2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

lb
~
lb

6
6

3
-

1

20
19
1

8
8

24
4
20

31

4b
10
36

21
10
21

2

42
39
3

10
b
4

20
18
2

31
b

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




S
9 .6 0

11

1

2

56
56
”

90
73
17
9

7
7

66
66

26
26

60
52

7
7

2
2
-

30
30
-

30
21
9

-

2
26 1
25 5
6
6

148
141
7
4

103
103

26
22
4
2

26
18
8
8

8
1
7

9
2
7
7

68
b8

_

13
13

-

7
2

31
31
“

18
18
-

13
5
8

8
i
7

2
-

82
80
2

73
50
23
2

98
39
59
53

209
19 7
12
12

-

2
2
“

4
4
4

“

37
37

2
2

4

-

-

-

-

-

2b
28
8

-

-

-

37
37

"

~

16 0
156
4
4

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1978
A v era g e
( m ean* )
hourly
earnings 4

S ex , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u str y d i v is io n

A verage
(m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 o cc u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv isio n

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

208
159

$
7 .6 1
8 .6 4

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

64 2
55 4

8 .9 7
9 .0 8

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

13 4
88

7 .3 5
8 .5 7

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

475
458

8 .9 7
8 .9 9

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

5 67
495

8 .0 8
8 .0 6

70

f

TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

2 573
5 74
1 999
922

.1 3
6 .5 9
7 .2 9
9 .0 4

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

331
75
2 56

3 .2 9
4 .4 7
2 .9 4

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

0 23
224
7 99

7 .3 6
6 .7 3
7 .5 4

154
78

1

6 .6 6
7 .3 6

8 .3 0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

PUBLIC

:

U TILITIES

-----------------------------

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

575
150
425

7 .8 5
7 .7 0
7 .9 0

MAINTENANCE PIP EF IT T ER S ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

519
519

8 .9 9
8 .9 9

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

93
93

9 .5 1
9 .5 1

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

328
32 8

9 .5 8
9 .5 8

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

75
33

6 .3 5
7 .2 7

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

397
397

9 .0 1
9 .0 1

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

143
75

8 .3 1
8 .6 0

BOILER TENDERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

2 17
152

6 .1 5
7 .5 3

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

935
141
7 94

8 .5 4
6 .7 7
8 .8 5

SHIPPERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

61
59

6 .3 2
6 .3 2

RECEIVERS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

336
219
117

6 .7 4
7 .4 0
5.5 1

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN FOR KLI FT) ------------- -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

25 4
242

$
7 .1 8
7 .2 7

46 4
324
14 0

3 .7 2
6 .5 2
2 .9 2

2 26
195

6 .8 1
7 .1 7

237
129
1 08

3 .1 6
5 .5 4
2 .8 8

692
843
84 9
67

4 .6 4
6 .1 6
3 .1 3
5 .4 7

RECEIVERS ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

28
27

6 .1 8
6 .2 2

G U A R D S ------------------------ ,--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1
I

GUARDS. CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------GUARDS. CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1

JANI TOR S. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

1

I

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

AND RECEIVERS ---------------------------

43

5 .9 0
5 .6 5
5 .5 0
5 .7 4

226
2 02

3 .4 6
3 .3 3

632
248
3 84

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

SHIPPING PACKERS ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

81
51

4 .0 8
3 .8 9

ORDER F ILL ERS -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

922
626

5 .4 5
5 .0 3

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

89
83

6 .2 4
6 .3 2

SHIPPING PACKERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

229
142

5 .5 7
6 .2 3

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

60
33

5 .6 5
6 .4 7

166
949
217

6 .2 9
6 .5 1
5 .3 4

GUARDS -------------------------------------------------

17 4

CLASS B ---------------------------------------

1 60

2 .8 7

5 51
3 11
2 40

3 .5 0
6 .3 4
2 .7 9

SHIPPERS

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1

FORKLIFT OPERATORS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

2 142
1 793
349

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




A vera g e
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

and in d u stry d iv isio n

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Sex, 3 occupation,

12

GUARDS.

6 . 6 5 JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----6. 79
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------5 .9 8
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1
1

3 .1 2

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., for selected areas
In d u stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group 5

N o v e m b e r 1972 N o v e m b e r 1973 N o v e m b e r 1974 N o v e m b e r 197 5 N o v e m b e r 1976 N o v e m b e r 1977
to
to
to
to
to
to
N o v e m b e r 1973 N o v e m b e r 1974 N o v e m b e r 197 5 N o v e m b e r 197 6 N o v e m b e r 1977 N o v e m b e r 197 8

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s _____________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce trades
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s
_ __

5.4
(6)
6.4
5.8
6.2

9.9
8.0
11.9
11.5
13.5

8.9
6.8
8.3
8.9

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
In d u s tria l n u r s e s
... _
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s __________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s _____________________________

5.0
n
6.4
5.3
6.6

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g __________________________
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s _____________________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s _____________________________

5.7
(6)
(6)
4.7

6.3
8.9
9.2
8.7

o .l

7.6
8.3
6.8
9.1
8.7

6.7

7.9
9.1
8.3
8.7
8.9

9.2
(6 )
11.9
12.0
13.7

8.0
(6 )
8.3
8.8
9.0

8.0
(6)
6.8
9.5
10.1

7.3
( fc)
9.3
9.2
9.1

7.9
(fc)
8.1
8.7
8.8

10.3
8.6
(6)
12.8

9.6
7.1
(6 )
9.4

7.3
7.7
(6 )
6.6

5.7
11.0

8.2
10.4
(6)
9.1

(b )

2.8

Footnotes
1 Standard h ou rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 Th e m ea n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b by totaling the e arn in gs o f a ll w o r k e r s and divid in g by
the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h alf o f the w o rk e rs r e c e iv e the sa m e or
m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e the s a m e o r l e s s than, the rate shown.
The m id dle ran ge is d e fin e d by tw o
ra tes of pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the sam e o r le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a
fou rth e a rn the s a m e o r m o r e than the h ig h e r rate.




3 E a rn in g s data r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e sex id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v i d e d by the
e sta b lish m e n t.
4 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s , h o lid a y s , and late shifts.
5 E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 197 6 re la te to m en only fo r s k ille d m aintenance and
u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
A ll o th er e s tim a te s r e la te to m en and w om en .
6 Data d o not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f the 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u r e a u o b t a in s
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s d a t a f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in
six b ro a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g ; tr an sp orta tion , co m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x c l u d e d . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a re also ex clu d ed b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t
e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d . A p p e n d i x t a b le 1 s h o w s the n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to b e w ith in the s c o p e o f th is s u r v e y ,
as w e l l as the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s t u d ie d .
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o b t a in d a t a b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f th e tw o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s o n l y is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t ,
m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g
in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p l e o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is s e l e c t e d
f o r stu dy p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
This sa m p le , l e s s e s ta b ­
l i s h m e n t s w h i c h g o o u t o f b u s i n e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w ith in the i n d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r th e f o l l o w i n g tw o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f the s u r v e y u n til the s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p l e f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and
num ber of e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e
is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e ­
l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n
o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W hen data are co m b in e d ,
e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n s o
that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , if o n e o u t o f f o u r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plu s
t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the
s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f da t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l
s a m p l e m e m b e r . If no s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e is a v a i l a b l e , a d d it io n a l w e i g h t is
a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r th at is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g u nit .
O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g t y p e s :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,

and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke
a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B.
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g the j o b
t i t l e s a r e f o r all i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s da t a f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y ,
a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
tables b e c a u s e
e i t h e r ( 1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da ta
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r ( 2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
S e p a r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s da t a a r e not
p r e s e n t e d w hen the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n o t i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data
n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in d a t a f o r all
in du stries com bined.
L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a t i o n s w ith m o r e than o n e l e v e l ,
d a t a a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
n o t s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E arnings
d a t a e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and l a t e s h i f t s .
N on prod u ction b o n u se s
a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W eekly hours for office
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to the s t a n d a r d
w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
a n d /o r prem iu m ra tes). A v e ra g e w e e k ly earn ings fo r th ese o ccu pa tion s are
r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l i n e s w it h in th e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f
w o r k e r s o n s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d i c a t e a c h a n g e in the s i z e o f the c l a s s i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t io n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h igh- o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s . Such s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r i n g the y e a r . C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b le
A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
A v e r a g e earn ings r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , a re a w id e e s t im a t e s . In du stries
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a.—N .C .;
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus c o n t r i b u t e
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in i n d iv id u a l
establish m en ts.
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y the r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w it h in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s
p erform ed .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

Skilled m ain ten an ce

Com puter system s
a naly sts, c la s s e s
A , B, and C
Com puter p r og ra m m ers ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
Com puter operators,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

C arpenters
E lectrician s
P ain ters
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m ach inery )
M ech a n ics (m o to r vehicle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f th e s t u d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e ca u se occu p a tio n a l s tru ctu re s am ong establish m en ts d iffe r , e stim a te s of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .

In du strial n u rs e s

U n s k i l l e d pla n t

R e g is t e r e d in du strial
nurses

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

W age trend s fo r s e le cte d occu p a tion a l groups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the
t r e n d j o b s in b o t h the c u r r e n t a nd p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da ta a r e a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, a r e still a ffe c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o t t o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w it h o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d
d a t e s . W h e n th e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s , ann ual
rates a re shown,
(it i s a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t ra te
betw een s u r v e y s .)

P e r c e n t changes fo r i
as follow s:

areas

in the p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d

1.

A v e r a g e earnings a re com pu ted fo r ea ch occu pation fo r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n i n g s in t h o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h a r e in
the s u r v e y b o th y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
rem ain s unchanged.

2.

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u t e d in ste p 1)
i s m u l t i p l i e d b y it s w e i g h t . T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d to
o b t a in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

O c c u p a t i o n s u s e d to c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

O ffice c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C o n t in u e d

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, gen eral
S tenographers, senior
T y pists, c la s s e s
A and B
File cle rk s , cla s s e s A,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itchboard o p e r a to r s

O rder clerk s, cla sses
A and B
A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
Bookkeeping-m ach in e
op erators, cla ss B
P a y roll clerks
K e y entry o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e th e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1973, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is b u ll e tin . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u la t io n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r , i n t e r v a l s .
T h ese tabu­
l a t i o n s o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s hif t
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; pa id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r th is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Louisville, Ky.—Ind.,1 November 1978
Industry d ivision 2

ALL D I V I S I O N S

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

W it h in s c o p e o f st u d y 1
4
3
2
W i t h in s c o p e
o f st u d y 5

50

Number

Percent

”
50
50
50
50
50

150

1 85 .57 4

100

1 13 .14 1

248
4b9

b0
90

1 05 .05 7
8 0.517

57
43

7 1.7 70
41.3 71

48

14
13
24

1 7.174
1 0.017
3 2.0 23
1 2.4 08
8 .8 9 5

9
5
17
7
5

13.3 08
2 .4 5 5
1 3.7 19
7 .3 7 4
4 .5 1 5

100
174
b«*
73

1 T he L o u is v ille Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the
O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s of B u llitt,
J e ffe r s o n , and O ldh am C o u n tie s, K y .; and C la rk and F lo y d C o u n tie s , Ind.
The
" w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the
s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t
in d exes to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1 ) planning o f w age s u r v e y s
r e q u ir e s es ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d
stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 Th e 1972 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as used
in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tion s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m
lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su ch as tr a d e ,




Studied

S t u d i ed

70 7

----------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 -------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE. INSURANCE. AND REAL E S T A T E 6 --------------SER VI CE S6 7------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m ber of establishm ents

10
2a

fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as one
e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es all w o rk e rs in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith tota l em p lo y m e n t (w ithin
the a r e a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and
s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e ex c lu d e d .
6 S e p a ra te p resen ta tion o f data is not m ad e f o r this d iv is io n .
7 H ote ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th er p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park in g; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and
a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o riate o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho are em p loyed under a v a rie ty o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h i s p e r m i t s the g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f this e m ­
p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
c o n t e n t , the B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e
in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r ­
p o s e s . In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u ' s f ie l d e c o n o m i s t s
a r e i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s w h o s e
e a r n i n g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e ir h a n d ic a p a r e a l s o e x c l u d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n l e s s s p e c i f i c a l l y in c lu d e d in the
jo b d e s crip tio n s , are exclu ded .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a i n ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v i t i e s o f
the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s
r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e and u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d
e.

f.

E x c l u s io n s

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h do not f it any o f the s it u a t io n s l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e l o w ti tle d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ;
T rain ees.

C la s s ific a t io n by L e v e l

N o t a ll p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a cte ristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n
a r e as f o l l o w s :
a.

P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o not m e e t
d e s c r ib e d above;

the " p e r s o n a l "

b.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f
fe ss io n a l, tech n ica l, o r m an a geria l p erson s;

S e c r e t a r y j o b s w h i c h m e e t the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d at
o n e o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a) the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y ' s o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c h a r t f o l l o w i n g the e x p la n a t io n s o f th e s e two
f a c t o r s i n d i c a t e s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b i n a t i o n o f the
factors.

secretary concept

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y ' s S u p e r v i s o r (L S)

d.

pro­
S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld b e m a t c h e d at o n e o f the f o u r L S l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r w it h in the c o m p a n y
organ izational stru ctu re.

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h e n ta il m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y d u t ie s w h i c h
are not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e .g ., A d m in is t r a tiv e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;




L S —1

17

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r h e ad o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than ab out 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n b y L e v e l — C o n t in u e d

C la s s if ic a t io n b y L e v e l-— C o n tin u e d

b.

L S -2

a.

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , adm in istra tive o f fi c e r o r assistant, sk illed technician
o r expert.
(N O TE:
M a n y com panies
assign sten ograph ers,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
su p e rv iso ry or n on su p ervisory w ork er.)
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u i v a l e n t to o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in
the d e f i n i t i o n f o r LS—3, b ut w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u nit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d
in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , in tu rn , f u r t h e r
s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a w i d e ra n g e
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o; o r

a.

T h i s f a c t o r e v a lu a t e s the n a t u r e o f the w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the e x t e n t to w h i c h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e in itia t iv e and j u d g m e n t . S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld b e m a t c h e d
at L R —1 o r LR—2 d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s ,
but f e w e r than 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 (L R —1)

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s i n c l u d i n g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g :

c h a i r m a n o f the
in a ll, o v e r 100

a.

e.

a.

personal

calen dar

and

and t r a n s c r i b e s d i c t a t i o n ,

ca llers,

m akes

and

opens

appointm en ts

in ­

May

as

and f i l e s .

P e r f o r m s d u t ie s d e s c r i b e d u n d e r L R - 1 and, in a d d it io n p e r f o r m s
t a s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r j u d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s
i n c l u d i n g o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
a.

18

A n sw e rs req u ests w h ich r e q u ir e a d etailed k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fice p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo rm a tio n fr o m file s o r
other o f f i c e s .
M ay sign rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e
in o w n o r
s u p e rv is o r's nam e.

c.

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u s e d in the a b o v e L S d e f i n i t i o n
r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g
r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e title " v i c e p r e sid e n t , "
th ou gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in all c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h

S c r e e n s t e l e p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h i c h c a n
be h an d le d b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b o r d i n a t e s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Types,

ta k e s

greets

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0
but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s
in structed.

e.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o f p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
typograp hical a c c u r a c y .

d.

S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

A n sw e rs telephone r e q u e st s w h ich nave standard a n s w e r s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s b y s e n d i n g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an i n d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r
5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

A n s w e rs teleph on es,
com ing m a il.

b.

S e c r e t a r y to the h e ad ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w id e fun ction al activity (e .g ., m a r k e t in g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in du strial re la t io n s ,
etc.) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e „g „ , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r ­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r
5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d.

LS—
4

L e v e l of S e cre ta ry 's R esp o n sib ility (LR )

S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an i n d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

b.

L S -3

p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to a ct p e r s o n a l l y
on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g „ , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d i v i d u a l l o a n
o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a
c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s
o f a p p ly in g the d e f i n i t i o n .

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c
of general in stru ction s.

reports

o n th e b a s i s

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

L e v e l of R esp on sib ility 2 (LR—
2)— C o n tin u e d

o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , e t c . U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u tin g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

d.

S c h e d u l e s t e n t a t i v e a p p o in t m e n t s w ith o u t p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y backgrou nd m a te r ia l for sched uled m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s u n it .
( A l s o t y p e s , t a k e s d i c t a t i o n , and f i l e s . )

TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y PIS T

The f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s the l e v e l of the s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h
LS and L R co m b in a tio n .

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r

P r i m a r y du ty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d i c t a t i o n w h i c h d o e s
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as that u s e d in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o ty pe f r o m w r i t t e n
co p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m other r e la tiv e ly
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S e e S t e n o g r a p h e r d e f i n i t i o n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith s h o r t h a n d d i c t a t i o n . )

L ev el of s e c r e t a r y 's respon sib ility
LR —1

L R —2
TY PIST

C lass
C lass
C la ss
C la ss

L S -1
L S -2
L S -3
LS—
4

E
D
C
B

C lass
C la ss
C lass
C la ss

D
C
B
A

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , s u ch as
keeping s im p le
records, f i l i n g
records
and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
distributing in co m in g m a il.

STENOGRAPHER

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ;
o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f
t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n nin g l a y ­
o u t and ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit
circu m sta n ces.

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t a k e d i c t a t i o n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
d u ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n ­
a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s
as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ; C o p y typin g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e tt in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

Stenographer, G eneral

FILE CLERK

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a i n t a i n f i l e s ,
k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s o n the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

S te n o g r a p h e r, Senior
D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain file s , k e e p r e c o r d s , etc.

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
containing a n u m ber o f v a rie d s u b je ct m a t te r f ile s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n with the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

OR

C lass B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d i n g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y the
f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and




19

F I L E C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

O R D E R C L E R K — C on tin u ed

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that h a s a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system (e .g .,
alph abetical, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l ou t w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P ositions
definitions:

are

classified

in to

levels

accord in g

to

the

follow in g

MESSENGER

C l a s s A . H a n d le s o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k i n g j u d g m e n t s s u c h as
c h o o s i n g w h ich s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p r o d u c t
l i n e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to b e q u o t e d
w h e n p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k i n g
s o m e sim ple m ath em a tica l ca lcu la tion s.

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h as ru nn in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e
o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .

C l a s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h i c h h a v e r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s m a n u a l ,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to in s u r e th at p r o p e r i t e m is s u p p l i e d o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .
ACCOUNTING C L E R K

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y variou s types o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , ca lc u la tio n s , postin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
c a l l s . M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a t e l e p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty pe o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e o p e r a t o r a r e '
e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O p era tor-R ecep tion ist.

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t in g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r with the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u i r e d to h a v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t .
Recep­
t i o n i s t ' s w o r k i n v o l v e s s u c h d u t ie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a tu r e
o f v i s i t o r ' s b u s i n e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r
to a p p r o p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n b y t e l e ­
ph o ne and a r r a n g i n g an a p p o in t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

P ositions
defin ition s;

in to

levels

on

the b a s i s

of

the

follow ing

C lass A . U nder g en eral s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
exam ple,
clerically p rocessin g
c o m p lic a t e d o r n on re p e titiv e accou nting
tr a n s a ctio n s , se le ctin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accou nting
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c ­
c o u n t in g a c ti o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d by
o n e o r m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a se o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l
or m e rch a n d ise fr o m c u sto m e r s o r sa les p eop le.
W o r k ty p ica lly in volves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g d u t i e s ;
Q uoting p r i c e s ; d eterm in in g
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w h e n n e c e s s a r y ;
a d v i s i n g e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a te and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and
c u sto m e r in form ation on o r d e r sh eets; ch eck in g o r d e r sheets fo r a c c u r a c y
and a d e q u a c y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n i s h i n g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g up
to s e e th at o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y the s p e c i f i e d d a t e o r to l e t c u s t o m e r k n o w
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g s h ip p in g i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C lass B . Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g detailed in stru ction s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ;
c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u s i n g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
accou nting c o d e s.
B O O K K EEPIN G -M ACH IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s p a id o n a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u t ie s in­
c lu d e any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r
m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e u s in g
k n o w l e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l t r a i n i n g ; e m p h a ­
s i z i n g s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t
o f the j o b .




are c la s s ifi e d

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.

20

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s ection s of
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g l it t le k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e accou n ts payable, p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' accounts
( n o t in c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t ,
d istribution,
ex p e n se distrib u tion , inventory con trol, etc.
M ay check or
a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the
accounting d e p a rtm en t.

C l a s s B . W o r k is r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under clo s e super­
v i s i o n o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s
s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c ­
if i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u i r e lit tle o r
no s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f da ta to b e r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to
s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s arisin g fr o m e rro n e o u s item s o r codes or m issin g
info r m a t i o n .

MACH IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operations.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b ille r s are c l a s s i fi e d by
t y p e o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

Professional and Technical
C O M P U TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y ST ,

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f all s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i fie s co n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to be u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c ti o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and da t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g shou ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s if th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir pay.)

B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
purchase o rd e rs,
i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , ship pin g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The ope r a tio n u su ally in volves a la rg e num ber o f ca rb o n cop ies
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and is o f t e n d o n e on a f a n f o ld m a c h i n e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (with o r
w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e autom atically a ccu m u la tes
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
of b ook k eepin g.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
cred it slip s.

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK

For

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a l p h a b e t i c a n d / o r
da ta o n ta b u la t in g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
are

cla ssifie d

in to

l e v e ls on

the b a s i s

of

the

purposes,

system s

a n a ly s t s

are

cla ssified

as

follow ing
M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e k e y p u n c h w o r k . M a y
train in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .




s tu d y

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s .
P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t da t a and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tp ut data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n
s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th ro u gh the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia ted b y the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w
o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
Makes recom m en dations,
if n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
o b t a in in g e q u i p m e n t .

KEY ENTRY O PERATOR

Positions
d efin ition s:

wage

follow s;

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a i n t a i n p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r c h a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d e d u c t i o n s ; e d it in g p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a i n s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n o n automated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com p u tes w a g e s. W ork m ay req u ire a p r a c tic a l
k n o w l e d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com pu ter system fo r p r o c e s s in g p ayrolls.

n u m eric

BU SINESS

d i r e c t i o n to

low er level

system s

an a ly sts

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , pla n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the o utp ut d a t a a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
( F o r exam ple,

21

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b ank, m a i n t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the da t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m ’a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the da t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lie d .

A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t
m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b ut d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a t a e l e m e n t s . A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d ev elopm ent of co m m o n operation s w hich can be reu sed , e s ta b lish m en t o f
l i n k a g e p o in ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to da t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e ­
q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t ia l m a n i p u l a t i o n
and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x da t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly on r o u t i n e a s s i g n ­
m e n t s and r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to
i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s analy sis w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
program m ers
from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

are

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
re la tiv e ly sim ple p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , adapting, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
inpu t d a t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the da t a h av e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t i n e
record k eep in g operation s.
OR

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , typically p r e p a re d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , into a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . W o r k i n g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f d a t a to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : A p p lies k n ow led ge o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s, m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic
e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e
c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f
p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a t a w i l l
b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to
f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s - ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g
p e r s o n n e l d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to
i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a da p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e ­
c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s
a n a ly s t s i f th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )
D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are cla s s ifie d

as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h id e n t i f y
the n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s the f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .




W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c t io n of a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s iip e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y gu ide o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C . M akes p r a c tic a l a pplication s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u t in e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n ­
m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e with
requ ired p roced u res.
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i j i l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r
o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .
F or wage

s tu dy

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f m e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

D R A F T E R — C o n tin u e d

a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th at i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u nit s o r p a r t s f o r
en gineering, co n stru ction , m an ufactu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clude i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s (depictin g three dim en sion s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on solid a tes details fr o m a num ber of
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith in itia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w h e n a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n ru n s , t y p i c a l l y r u n o n a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t l e o r no te s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n . T h is
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s i n g
standard c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u es.

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
Copies
cloth o r p a p er
in clude tr a c in g
l a r g e s c a l e not

p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c i n g t r a c i n g
o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s and a
req u irin g c l o s e delin eation .)
A N D /O R

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y
a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y independently p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t ta s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n . Is
e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru nn in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y has
x e c e l v e u s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t higher
le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C l a s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
parts.
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
i s r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s.
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
regu la rly used.
D u t i e s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s u c h w o r k as;
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c i s e p o sitio n a l re la tio n sh ip s betw een com pon ents; p r e p a re s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U ses accep ted form u la s
and m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c . R e c e i v e s
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r . C o m p l e t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .




P r e p a r e s s im p le o r rep etitive draw ings
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r i n g p r o g r e s s .

o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC HN ICIA N
W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k re q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a pp lication o f te c h n ica l k n ow led g e of e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d op er atin g con dition.
T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kin d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equip m en t.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e l e c t r o n ic test in stru m e n ts; te c h n icia n s w ho have adm inistrative
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s ,
and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls on

the b a s i s

of

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u su a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
e n g i n e e r i n g c h a n g e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s : A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s uch
t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , dual
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s , pu lse gen erators)..

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n tin u e d

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

l a y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i ­
m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s
n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a i n in g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
apprenticeship or
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
c la ss A technician.
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r
level tec h n icia n s.
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u tin e t a s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tio n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y all p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s s u ch
t a s k s a s : A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta kin g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a ud io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h i s
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n in g ) s o that w o r k e r c a n
a d v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n . W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
w hen n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n ursing s e r v i c e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to il l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e alt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y i n g o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
healt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f pla n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f all p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
on e n u r s e a r e e x c l u d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d in g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and




M AIN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h as the in s t a l ­
l a ti o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : In sta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e atin g u n it s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s ta n d a rd c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M AIN TEN AN CE PA IN TE R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e
f o r pain tin g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g putt y o r f i l l e r in n ail
h o l e s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May
m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r
c o lo r o r consistency.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r
r e q u i r e s rou nd ed t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; planning and la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
s t a n d a r d shop c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and fit tin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s into m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
In
g e n e r a l , the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in
m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t tr a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at m a i n l y i n v o l v e the u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M a c h in e r y )— C on tin u ed

M IL L W R IG H T

o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g all
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s p a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e pla nt la y o u t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and l a y in g ou t
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a l a n c i n g e q u ip ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in st a llin g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M EC H A N IC (M o to r vehicle)
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e the u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g
and i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
a d j u s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , ad ju s tin g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r tig h t e n in g
b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

tom ers'

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s w h o
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

rep air

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n . T h e kin d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s the h e l p e r is c o n f i n e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t i m e b a s is .

cus­

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
o u t w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t l e n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d in g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n in g p i p e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecification s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W ork ers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a nit a tio n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
are exclu ded.
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h as m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g o u t all ty p e s o f
s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m blu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in cu ttin g, bendin g, f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f it t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




M AIN TEN AN CE TR A D E S HELPER

M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A TO R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la t h e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a in t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e .g ., pla stic, pla ster, ru bber, gla s s ).
W o r k ty pically in v o lv e s ;
P l a n n i n g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d s e tu p s o r a hig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e t t in g up m a c h i n e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a ll cu tt in g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g t a b l e s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le the s i z e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h i n e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g m a c h i n i n g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
May
b e r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu ttin g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in this
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a i n in g and
exp erience.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s ; P la n n in g and la y in g
o u t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R

a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r ­
ating v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u s i n g v a r i o u s t o o l and
d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d
through f o r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq uiva lent t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l t a s k s in c o n n e c t i o n w ith s h ip p in g
g o o d s o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m i n g
ship m en ts.
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y ,
rou tin e ta sk s, f o llo w s e s ta b lish ed
g u i d e l i n e s . In h a n d lin g u n u su a l n o n r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u i d ­
ance fr o m su p e r v is o r or other o ffic i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d i n a t e the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g g o o d s to b e s h i p p e d o r b e i n g
receiv ed .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t
in c lu d e t o o l and d i e m a k e r s w h o ( 1 ) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g
s h o p s o r ( 2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p l y the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g . W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a lso s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
are e xclu d e d .

S h ip p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r ­
if y in g th at o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and q u a n t it ie s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h i p m e n t a g a i n s t d o c u m e n t s ; i n s u r i n g that s h i p m e n t s
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , id e n t i f i e d w ith s h i p p i n g i n f o r m a t i o n , and l o a d e d into
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p i n g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h i p p e d , e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f la d in g .
R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m i n g s h i p m e n t s b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
q u a n t it ie s u n lo a d e d a g a in s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s ,
storage
r e c e i p t s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r d a m a g e d g o o d s ; i n s u r i n g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n t i f i e d f o r r o u t i n g to d e p a r t m e n t s w it h in the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p i n g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e i v e d .
For

wage

study

purposes,

w orkers

are

cla ssified

as

follow s;

S h ip p e r
R eceiv er
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

B O ILER TE N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

Material Movement and Custodial
TRU CKDRIVER
D riv es
a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equipm en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s ty pes of
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as: M a n ufa ctu ring plan ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p la ces o f b u sin e ss.
M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k
w ith o r w i t h o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
good w ork in g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s
r a t e d c a p a c i t y o f t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e

T r u c k d r i v e r , l ig h t t r u c k
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s , u s u a l l y 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m truck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , IV 2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , u s u a l l y 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy truck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a l l y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d river, tra cto r-tra ile r




and

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u ties w hich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; r o u t in g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c h r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta k in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s
and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t . M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a re h o u sin g d u ties.
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s i n v o l v e s h i p p i n g and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k ( s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and Sh ipp in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F il le r ) , o r operatin g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .
ORDER FILLER
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d i­
cating item s f ille d o r om itted, k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e l a t e d d u t ie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t
u p o n the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f unit s to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r

G U A R D — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C o n tin u e d
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t,, W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t i fy in g da t a on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s
w ho a lso m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s are exclu ded .

vices

F or wage

stu dy

purposes,

guards

are

cla ssified

as

ser­

follow s;

C lass A .
E n f o r c e s r e g u l a t i o n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
security.
E x e r c i s e s j u d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a l i n g w ith e m e r ­
gen cies
and
s e c u r ity violations en coun tered .
D eterm in es whether fir s t
r e s p o n s e s h o u l d b e to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y ( a s k i n g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w hen d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p s it u a t io n u n d e r s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e p o r t
s it u a t io n s o that it c a n b e h a n d le d b y a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r it y . D u t ie s r e q u i r e
s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g in m e t h o d s and t e c h n i q u e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y a r e a s .
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e c o n t in u in g p h y s i c a l f i t n e s s
and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

M A T E R I A L H ANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g pla nt, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g, o r p lacin g
m a teria ls
o r m erch a n dise
in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y handtruck, ca r, o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n l o a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

C lass B .
C a r r i e s out i n s t r u c t i o n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d in­
s u r i n g th at e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r i t y .
I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n l y in s itu a tio n s
w h i c h r e q u i r e m i n i m a l a c t i o n to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s . D u t ie s r e ­
q u i r e m i n i m a l t r a i n i n g . C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p h y s i c a l f i t n e s s . M a y b e a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is n o t r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in the u s e o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a so lin e - o r e le c t r ic p o w e re d truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f all kin ds a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

truck,

G uards e m p lo y e d by establish m en ts w hich p r o v id e p r otectiv e
on a c o n t r a c t b a s i s a r e i n c l u d e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s are c l a s s i fi e d b y type o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s ;

J A N I T O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
F ork lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r other establish m en t.
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , tr a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m theft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a rd s
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D u t i e s i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d p o s t , m a k i n g r o u n d s on
f o o t o r by m o t o r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be dep utized
to m a k e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h elp v is it o r s
and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r i n g
q u e s t i o n s and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




27

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follow ing a rea s are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
Survey results are pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h i c h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at n o c o s t , w h i le s u p p l i e s la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
s ho w n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A lask a (statew id e)
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a — t a n d is h — a w a s C it y , M i c h .
S
T
Ann A r b o r , M i c h .
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
Augusta, G a .— .C .
S
A ustin, T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif .
Baton R o u g e , La.
B a ttle C r e e k , M i c h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u n - O r a n g e , T e x .
B e a u m o n t-P o rt A rthur— range
O
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
M oss P oin t, M iss.
B in gh am ton , N .Y .
B i r m i n g h a m , A la .
B l o o m i n g t o n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B re m e r to n — helton, W ash.
S
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C ed a r R a p id s, Iowa
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a —R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n —N o r t h C h a r l e s t o n —
W a i t e r b o r o , S .C .
C h a r l o t t e —G a s t o n i a , N . C .
Cheyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . - K y .
C olora d o S p r in g s , C olo.
C olu m b ia — u m t e r , S .C .
S
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A la .
C olu m bu s, M is s .
D e c a t u r , 111.
Des M o in e s , Iowa
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .—W i s .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r i n g f i e l d —M e d f o r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a Raton, Fla.
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . — k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s tow n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—Pa.
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G r a n d I s la n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
Guam, T e r r it o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T o n o p a h , N e v .
L im a , Ohio
L it t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .— a . —D e l.
V
M a c o n , G a.
M adison , W is.
M a in e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M a n sfie ld , Ohio
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —E d i n b u r g
and B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C it y ,
A l a . —F l a .
M o n ta n a ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N . C .
New H a m p sh ire (statew ide)
N e w L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R .I.
N o r t h D a k o ta ( s t a t e w i d e )
N orth ern New Y o r k
Northw est T exas
O rla n d o, Fla.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y — e n t u r a , C a lif .
S
V
P e o r i a , 111.
P h oenix, A riz .
Pin e B lu ff, A rk .
P u e b lo , C olo.
P u erto R ico
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N . C .
R en o, Nev.
Salina, K ans.

S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S
S a n d u s k y , O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C a lif .
Savan nah , Ga.
S e l m a , A la .
S h r e v e p o r t, La.
South D a k o ta ( s t a t e w id e )
S o u t h e r n Idaho
S o u th w e st V i r g i n i a
Spokane, W ash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S t o c k t o n , C a lif .
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T o p e k a , K a ns.
T u c s o n —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , O kla .
U pp er P en in su la, M ich .
V e r m o n t ( s t a t e w id e )
V i r g i n I s la n d s o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o — e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
C
W e s t V i r g i n i a ( s t a t e w id e )
W i c h i t a F a l l s —La w ton —A l t u s ,
T e x . — kla .
O
W ilm in gton , D el.—
N.J .—M d.
Y a k im a —R ich la n d —K e n n e w ic k —
P en d leton , W ash .— r e g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n ann ua l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accountants, aud itors, ch ie f a cco u n t­
ants, a ttorn ey s, jo b an aly sts, d i r e c ­
to r s of person n el, b u y ers, ch em ists,
e n g in e e r s , en g in eerin g techn icians,
d r a fte r s, a n d c le r ic a l em p loyees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe ssio n a l, A dm in istrative, T ech n ica l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 7 , $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
tendent o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P rin tin g O f fic e , W ash ington,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u l l e t i n s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
B ulletins
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on t h e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O ffic e , W ash ington, D .C . 20402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b l e to S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f
D ocu m en ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 t h r o u g h 1 9 7 6 , is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

A rea

Bulletin n u m ber
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1978__________________________________________
2 0 2 5 - 6 3 , $ 1.00
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , Se p t. 1978 1_______________ 2 0 2 5 - 5 8 , $ 1 . 2 0
A n a h e i m —Santa A n a —G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t . 1978 1 _______________________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 6 5 , $ 1 . 3 0
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1978 1_________________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 2 8 , $ 1 . 4 0
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1978 1 ____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 5 0 , $ 1 . 5 0
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u l y 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 3 8 , $ 1 . 0 0
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
2 0 2 5 - 1 5 , 80 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1978 1 _____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 4 3 , $ 1 . 5 0
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1977 .........................................................................- 1 9 5 0 - 5 8 , $ 1 . 0 0
C anton, O h io , M a y 1978
.................................................................. 2 0 2 5 - 2 2 , 70 c e n t s
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t. 1978 1-------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 5 1 , $ 1 . 2 0
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 8 ...... ........................................................................ 2 0 2 5 - 3 2 , $ 1 . 3 0
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y .—Lnd., J u ly 19 7 8__________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 3 9 , $ 1 . 1 0
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 4 9 , $ 1 . 3 0
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1978 1 ------------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 5 9 , $ 1 . 5 0
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 8 _______________________________
2025-29, $1 .00
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 8 * -------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 5 2 , $ 1 . 5 0
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s la n d —M o l i n e , Io w a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 8 ---------- 2 0 2 5 - 6 , 70 c e n t s
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1978.... ........................................................................ 2 0 2 5 - 6 6 , $ 1 . 0 0
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 4 8 , $ 1 . 0 0
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 19 7 8 -------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 6 8 , $ 1 . 2 0
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 19 7 8....................... ............................................... 2 0 2 5 - 1 1 , $ 1 . 2 0
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , J un e 1978 1 -------------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 3 1 , $ 1 . 2 0
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 ------------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 4 5 , $ 1 . 0 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 19 7 8 1 ................ ............................................... 2 0 2 5 - 4 1 , $ 1 . 2 0
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H ig h P o i n t ,
N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 ________________ — ........................................................ 2 0 2 5 - 4 6 , $ 1 . 0 0
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1978_____________________ 2 0 2 5 - 3 0 , $ 1 . 0 0
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1978 1------------------------------------------------------ 2 0 2 5 - 1 4 , $ 1 . 2 0
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 2 3 , $ 1.20
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 --------------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 4 , 70 c e n t s
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Lnd., O c t . 1978 1 ---------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 5 7 , $ 1 . 5 0
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n. 1 9 7 8 ----------------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 1 , 70 c e n t s
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 19 7 8 ------------------------------------------------------ 2 0 2 5 - 6 7 , $ 1 . 0 0
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t . 19 7 8 ----------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 5 3 , $ 1 . 3 0
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1978 1 ------------------------ 2 0 2 5 - 6 1 , $ 1 . 5 0
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Lnd., N o v . 1978________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 6 9 , $ 1 . 0 0
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1978---------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 - 6 2 , $ 1 . 0 0




A rea
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1978 1 ________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 _________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1 _____________
N a s s a i l — u ff o lk , N . Y . , June 1978 1____________________________
S
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1978 1 ........................................................ ..............
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 8 * __________ __________ _______
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 8 ...................................................... ................ ................ .
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . —N . C . , M a y 1978____________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1978____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1978______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t . 1978________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1978 1 _______________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1978_____________ ____ __________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 . . ..................... ......................................... .
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ____.______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1978____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1978 1 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s t o n — e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1978 1 _____
N
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —
W
M a s s . , June 1978_______________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 19 7 8 ______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1977 1 _______________________________
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1978______________________________________
Salt L a k e C it y—O g d e n , Utah , N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1978__________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1 ................ ............................................
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1 _________________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1 ..................................................... ..........
S e a t t le — v e r e t t , W a s h . , D e c . 1977____________________________
E
South B e n d , l n d . , A u g . 19 7 8____________________________________
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , M a y 1978 1 ______________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1978 1 _____________________________________
U t i c a r - R o m e , N . Y . , July 19 7 8__________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1978______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 ____ ___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1978 1 __________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
2025-60,
2025-18,
2025-2,
2025-33,
2025-7,
2025-5,
2025-35,
2025-20,

$1.30
$ 1 .40
$ 1 .40
$1.30
$ 1.40
$1.00
$1.50
70 c e n ts

2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
2025-3,
1950-69,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 c e n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1 .20
$1.30
$1. 10
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .00
$ 1 .10
$1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
2025-64,
1950-68,
2025-17,
1950-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
1950-75,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
2025-8,

$ 1.40
80 ce n ts
$ 1.20
$1.00
$ 1 .00
80 ce n ts
70 ce n ts
$1. 10
$ 1 .40
$1.20
80 ce n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1 .20
$ 1 .20
$1.00
$ 1.40
80 c e n ts
$ 1.10
$1. 10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 J F K Fe d e ral B u ild in g
G overnm en t C e n te r
B o s to n , M a ss 02203
P h o n e : 223-6761 (A re a C o d e 617)

S u ite 3400
1515 B ro a d w a y
N ew Y o rk , N Y. 10036
P h o n e 399-5406 (A re a C o d e 212)

3535 M a rke t S tre et,
P O B ox 13309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa 19101
P h o n e : 596-1154 (A rea C o d e 215)

S u ite 540
1371 P e ach tree St , N .E .
A tla n ta , G a. 30309
P h o n e :8 8 1 -4 4 1 8 (Area C o d e 404)

C o n n e cticu t
M a in e
M a s s a c h u s e tts
N ew H a m p sh ire
R h o d e Island
V erm o nt

N ew Je rs e y
N ew Y ork
P u e rto R ic o
V irg in Is la n d s

D elaw are
D is tric t of C o lu m b ia
M a ryla n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W e st V irg in ia

A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e o rg ia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N orth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
T e n n e s se e

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th F lo o r, 230 S D earbo rn St.
C h ic a g o . Ill 60604
P h o n e : 353-1880 (A re a C o d e 312)

S e co n d F lo o r
555 G riffin S q u a re B u ild in g
D a lla s, Tex 75202
P h o n e : 767-69 71 (A re a C o d e 214)

Fe de ral O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t.. 15th Flo o r
K a n s a s C ity , M o 64106
P h o n e : 374-2481 (A rea C o d e 816)

450 G o ld e n G ate Ave
B o x 36017
S an F ra n c is c o , C a lif 94102
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area C o d e 415)

A rk a n s a s
L o u is ia n a
N ew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T e xas

VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
K ansas
M is s o u ri
N e b ra s k a

C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D akota
S o u th D akota
U tah
W y o m in g

A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H aw a ii
N eva da

A la s k a
Idaho
O reg on
W a sh in g to n

Illinois
Indiana
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W is c o n s in