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.3.
Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-66
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




o ouisville, Kentucky—Indiana,
-6
c
L

Metropolitan Area
November 1977

Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a N o v e m b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in th e L o u i s v i l l e , K e n t u c k y —
In d ia n a , S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as
p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' an n ua l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w a s c o n d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G a . , u n d e r th e
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r
O p era tion s.
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld
not h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w it h o u t the
c o o p e r a t i o n o f t h e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d th e b a s i s
f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r th e c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a t i o n is in th e p u b l i c d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w it h o u t p e r m i s s i o n o f t h e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e cred it




th e B u r e a u
p u b lica tio n .

of

Labor

Statistics

and

c ite

the

name

and

number

of

th is

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v i s i o n s f o r th e L o u i s v i l l e a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r th e p a in t s and v a r n i s h e s
( N o v e m b e r 197 6), b a n k in g ( D e c e m b e r 1 976), m o v i n g and s t o r a g e ( N o v e m b e r
197 7), and l a u n d r y and d r y c l e a n i n g ( N o v e m b e r 1977) i n d u s t r i e s .
L istin gs
o f unio n w a g e r a t e s a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s ,
lo c a l-tra n s it o p era tin g
em p lo yees, lo ca l tr u c k d riv ers
and h e l p e r s ,
and
g r o c e r y sto re em p lo ye e s.
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u rea u 's re g io n a l o ffic e s .
(S ee back c o v e r f o r a d d re s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
February 1978
Bulletin 1950-66

Louisville, Kentucky—Indiana,
Metropolitan Area
November 1977
Contents

In tr o d u c tio n -------------------------------------------------------

2

T ables:
A.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




B-4.
B-5.

E a r n in g s , all es tab lis h m en ts :
A-l,
W e e k l y e arning s of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e arning s of p r o f e s ­
sional and te chn ical w o r k e r s ------ 6
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arning s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chn ical w o r k e r s , by s e x ---------- 8
A - 4 . H o u rly e arning s o f m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s ----------------------10
A - 5 . H o u r l y e arn in g s of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------- 11
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s of
m ainte nance, to o l r o o m ,
p ow erp lant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ia l w o r k e r s ,
A-7.

B.

Page

Page

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
ho u r ly e arn in g s ,a d ju s te d f o r
e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s , f o r s e ­
le c te d occupation g r o u p s ------------- 14

E s tab lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and sup p le ­
m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s i o n s :
B-l .
M in im u m e n tran ce s a l a r i e s
f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty pists
and c l e r k s ----------------------------------- 15
B - 2 . L a te - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e manufactu ring
plant w o r k e r s -------------------------------16
B - 3 . Scheduled w e e k l y ho ur s and
days o f f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t
wo rke r s -------------------------------------- 17

B-6.
B-7.

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e nd ix B.

Annual paid h o lid ays f o r f u l l ­
tim e w o r k e r s -------------------------------- 18
P a id vacatio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ------------------------- 19
Health, insuran ce, and pension
plans f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ---------- 22
L i f e in s u ran ce plans f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ------------------------- 23
Scope and method o f s u r v e y ----------- 27
O ccupation al d e s c r i p t i o n s --------------33

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 of 74 in which the U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u r v e y s o f occup ational e arnings and r e ­
late d b e ne fit s .
(S ee l i s t o f a r e a s on in sid e back c o v e r . )
In each a r e a ,
occupational e arn in g s data ( A - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
In for­
m ation on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e nefits ( B s e r i e s ta b l e s ) is obtained e v e r y th ir d y e a r .
E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l in dividual a r e a w a g e s u r ve y s have been c o m ­
plete d, tw o s u m m a r y bull etins a r e issued.
T h e f i r s t b rin gs to g e th e r data
f o r each m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the second p re s e n ts national and r e ­
gional e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m indiv id ual m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r all
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a ti s ti c a l A r e a s in the United States, excluding A la s k a
and H aw aii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t of w a g e s in a v a r i e t y of l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
through the a n a l y s i s of (1) the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n of wag e s by occupation,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s by occupational c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
The p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m an y p u rp o s es ,
including w a g e and s a l a r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o l l e c t i v e b argain in g , and a s ­
s istance in d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo catio n.
S u r v e y re s u lt s a ls o a r e used by the
U.S. D e p a rt m e n t of L a b o r to m ak e w ag e d e te rm in a t io n s under the S e r v i c e
C o n t ra c t A c t o f 1965.
A - s e r i e s tab le s




> (0
►.

T a b l e s A - l through A - 6 p r o v i d e e s ti m a te s of s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r ho u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occ up ations c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m anufactu ring and nonm anufacturing in d u s tr ie s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t surve
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro ugh A - 1 3 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s tab li s h m en t
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e hourly e a r n in g s of
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s trial
n u rs e s , s k i l l e d m ainte n ance tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and un skilled plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s i b l e , data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a ll in d u s trie s and f o r m anufac turing
and nonm anufacturing s e p a r a t e ly .
Data a r e not p re s e n te d f o r s k ille d m a i n ­
tenance w o r k e r s in nonm anufacturing beca u s e the number of w o r k e r s e m ­
p loyed in this occupational gro up in nonm anufacturing is too s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a ra te presentation^
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr end s a f t e r
e l i m i n a t i o n of changes in a v e r a g e e arnin g s caused by e m p lo y m e n t shifts
amon g e s ta b lis h m en ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r of e s ta b lis h m en ts included in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r th e r d e ta ils , see appendix A.
B - s e r i e s tables
T h e B - s e r i e s tab le s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a ti o n on m i n im u m entr ance
s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d typ ists and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s in m anufactu ring; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r plant
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on scheduled w e e k l y hours and days o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k ­
e r s ; paid h o lid ays ; paid v ac a tio n s ; health, ins u ran ce , and pension plans;
and m o r e d e ta ile d i n f o r m a ti o n on l i f e ins uran ce plans.
A p p end ixes
Ap p end ix A d e s c r i b e s the m ethods and con cepts used in the a r e a
wage survey program .
It p r o v id e s in f o r m a tio n on the scop e of the a r e a
s u r v e y , on the a r e a ' s in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m anufactu rin g, and on
la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .
A p p e n d ix B p ro v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used by B ure au f i e l d e c o n ­
om is ts to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occupation.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

We e k l y earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
worker*

A v e rage
w eekly
hours1
(standard]

*

M ean 2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

s

$
80

S
100

1 10

120

90

ALL

$
---------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

------ -------------

U TILITIE S

SECRETARIE S.

$

1 9 5.5 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 3 2 .5 0

2 1 2 .5 0

2 0 9 .0 0

100

649

3 9 .0

1 8 7 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

~

109

3 9 .5

2 6 8 .0 0

2 7 2.5 0

2 4 7 .5 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

-

190

200

220

240

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

, 220

240

260

-

-

-

280

300

320

340

360

380

84

96

230

92

93

64

189

208

146

78

30

37

17

8

1

37

45

114

42

34

31

127

173

121

45

5

17

15

1

59

33

62

35

25

33

25

20

2

8
-

7

-

16

10

32

22

19

2

“

-

-

3 9 .5

2 0 8 .5 0

2 1 0.0 0

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

2 1 8 .0 0

2 2 3.0 0

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 4 7 .5 0

-

-

-------------------B

------------

”

----------------------------------------------

CLASS

C

-

2

12

23

54

47

51

116

50

“

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

1

-

-

-

8
-

-

4

3

12

20

11

7

2

1

9

13

8

5

-

1

15

-

10

2
-

3 9 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 9 7.5 0

1 6 1 .5 0 -2 2 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

1

5

2

2

2

3

7

3

2

1

1

~

“

2 0 7 .5 0

2 1 0.5 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

-

-

-

3

10

15

14

46

4

13

4

45

34

48

29

6

1

3 9 .5

2 4 0 .5 0

2 4 2.0 0

2 2 3 .5 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

-

-

3

2

5

1

12

22

41

26

1

4
-

1

115

7
-

170

3 8 .5

1 8 5.0 0

1 6 4.5 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 1 3 .5 0

~

3

10

15

14

7

43

2

8

3

33

12

7

3

5

4

1

~

-

1
-

3
-

10

36

23

62

61

41

38

32

32

24

13

11

7

24

13

43

31

24

20

21

28

19

5

2

9
-

1

1

1

7

12

10

19

30

17

18

5

8

9

9

_

-

-

1 8 2 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0

---------------

35

3 9 .0

2 6 9.0 0 '

2 8 4.5 0

2 5 2 .5 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

------------

4 36

3 9 .5

2 1 1 .5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 4 2 .0 0

---------------------------

287

3 9 .5

2 1 6 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 4 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

149

3 9 .5

2 0 2 .0 0

1 8 8.5 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

---------------

49

3 9 .0

2 7 1 .5 0

2 7 4.0 0

2 6 0 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

------------

240

4 0 .0

1 7 9 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 5 1 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

-

-

2

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ‘---------------

119

4 0 .0

1 9 8.0 0

2 0 9.0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

-

516
186

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0
1 9 4.5 0

1 7 1.5 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

-

3 8 .0

1 7 5.5 0

1 9 1.0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 6 4 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0

330

1 4 5 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

-

148

3 8 .5

2 0 9 .0 0

2 2 2 .5 0

1 5 9 .5 0 -2 3 2 .0 0

-

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING

0

--------------------

U TILITIES
CLASS

E

----------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------

U TILITIES

STENOGRAPHERS.
MANUFACTURING

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

3

9

11

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

6

“

2

1

8

9

9

-

14

9

42

76

15

28

13

21

98

57

29

11

19

4

-

7

24

51

8

2

9

15

96

49

9

1

13

14

2

18

25

7

26

4

6

2

8

20

10

6

1

1

"

2

8

20

10

6

1

8

13

12

25

23

31

10

5

6

76

24

4

-

-

1

-

3

4

6

8

7

1

1

~

70

14

4

-

7

13

17

43

109

30

27

40

23

28

36

77

12

32

3
14

10

11

15

23

18

17

30

17

10

7

3
10

10

2

33

99

19

12

17

5

11

6

60

2

20

13

2

-

-

6

17

6

8

6

3

-

5

3

57

2

20

13

2
-

12

“
-

“

16

4

-

3

-

-

-

“

4
-

“

~
“

3 9 .0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 8 8 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

_

16

8

12

7

11

13

69

8

-

3

3

9

7

1

7

5

6

9

11

6

18
-

8

~

27
10

24

1 4 3 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0

7
-

16

1 7 9 .5 0

2
-

10

1 8 0.0 0

179

3 8 .5

1 9 0.5 0

2 0 7.0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

-

2

7

7

13

17

15

7

5

2

5

4

58

2

18

8

-

-

1

4 0 .0

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

----------------------------------

SENIOR

----------

---------------------------

139

3 8 .5

2 0 5 .0 0

2 2 2 .5 0

1 5 9 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0

~

2

-

-

6

17

6

9
8

6

3

*

5

3

55

2

18

8

260

3 8 .5

1 7 8.0 0

1 6 2.5 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0

-

-

-

19

28

16

17

23

8

4'

14

8

-

16
-

14

-

1
-

85

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

3
-

4

14

16

13

6

4

12

3

4

-

-

3

1

16

84

10

5

12

3

11
6

21

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

2

2

2

5

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

109

4 0 .0

2 0 5 .0 0

--------------------

151

3 7 .0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 9 7.0 0
1 4 5.0 0

TYPISTS

3 9 .0

1 4 8.0 0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

74

3 8 .5

1 3 8.0 0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

--------------------------------------------------

517

3 8 .5

1 3 5.5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

1

71

4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

-

446

3 8 .5

1 3 4.0 0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

85

3 9 .0

1 7 1 .5 0

1 5 8.5 0

1 3 7 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

---------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------

U TILIT IE S

---------------

_

-

-

-

25

15

16

3

6

1

1

i

i
-

4
-

1

1

8
~

3

16

2

1

1

28

39

90

91

44

73

21

9

14

15

2

5

8

i

4

1

~

“

-

“

12

14

7

11

-

10

10

2

5

8

i

4

1

4
-

2

11

11

10

9

18

1

1

i
-

3

15

8
~

4

2

1
-

6

2

3
-

7

3

-

2

4

2

3

3

6

1

s

8

i

2

6

1

5

8

i

4
4

1
-

1

-

-

3

11

8

8

7

9

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

See footnotes at end o f tables.




-

-

3

-

1 3 0 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

_

-

24

-

1 8 1 .5 0

-

-

6

1 5 7 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

1 5 8 .5 0

14

i

79

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

i

3

8

1 6 1 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0

3

1

52

1 6 1 .0 0

3 9 .0

1

9

13

1 7 0.5 0

3 8 .5

9

104

1 7 4.5 0

72

2
2

10

3 9 .0

51

28
12

100

3 9 .5

---------------

11
11

4

99

--------------------

24
24

43

27

U TILITIE S

10
10

4

----------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

1

~

4

32

---------------------------

A

1

1

104

--------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

-

77

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

MANUFACTURING

-

3

-

1

256

NONMANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING

1
“

*

1

_

1

1

4

-------

U T ILITIE S

MANUFACTURING

-

---------------------------

GENERAL

NONMANUFACTURING

STENOGRAPHERS.

---------------

1

3 9 .0

1 9 4.5 0

U TILITIES

2

37

1 9 4 .0 0

--------------------

1

285

1 9 4.5 0

PUBLIC

-

5

3 9 .5

TYPISTS.

-

59

3 9 .0

PUBLIC

360

340

3

3 9 .5

TYPISTS

$

320

26

165

PUBLIC

$

$
300

12
-

404

PUBLIC

S
280

140

239

STENOGRAPHERS

260

130

------------

SECRETARIE S.

s

*

180

120

---------------------------

PUBLIC

$

170

110

-

86

NONMANUFACTURING

SECRETARIE S.

$

160

2
-

-

1 7 0 .5 0 -2 4 1 .0 0

49

A

CLASS

MANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

%

$

$

150

$

2 0 1 .5 0

3 9 .5

------------

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIE S.

$

3 9 .5

823

---------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING

---------------

$

1 .4 7 2

-

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

SECRETARIE S.

*

140

UORKERS

---------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

$

130

and
u n d er

SECRETARIES

s

$

$

-

90

5

2

7

1

1

-

-

“
-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings^
(standard)
Number
of
work ere

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber of w orkers
s

$

A v e rage
w eekly
hours1
(standard]

80
M ea n 2

M iddle range 2

M edian 2

$

rec e iv in g

$

$

s tra igh t-tim e
$

w e e k ly ea rn in g s

s

*

s

s

o f—
%

%

S

%

$

$

s

$

s

s

90

100

1 10

120

130

14 0

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

. 220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

39

98

93

41

7

12

1

_

_

and
under
90

ALL

WORKERS—

CONT INUED

T Y P I S T S - CONTINUED
$
TYPISTS.

$

$

---------------------------------------

A la

3 8 .5

1 2 7.0 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

1

32

9

2

44

4 0 .0

1 2 5.0 0

1 2 3.0 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

4

4

10

13

5

69
4

15

--------------------------------------------

1

1

1

------------------------------------

374

3 8 .0

1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

1

28

35

88

80

36

65

14

6

11

9

1

-

-

-

-

-

--------------------------------------------------------

221

3 8 .5

1 2 9 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

-

37

65

30

23

16

7

9

7

7

1

_

7

1

3

4

3

3

4

3

1

~

-

3

4

_

_

_

_

CLASS

B

MANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
FILE

CLERKS

NONMANUFACTURING
FILE

CLERKS.

F IL E

CLERKS.

1 2 8.5 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

-

37

60

30

13

16

7

6

3

6

1

-

7

3 9 .5

1 4 3 .0 0

1 2 7.5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

24

13

14

9

3

9

6

3

1

_

7

_

-------------------------------------

81

3 9 .5

1 4 4.5 0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

19

13

11

9

3

6

3

2

1

-

7

-

3

4

-

-

-

-

109

3 8 .0

1 0 9.0 0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

37

4 1

17

9

-

4

-

1

_

4

_

4

2

_

_

_

_

_

C

-----------------------------

------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
SW IT CHBO ARD

------------------------------------

OPERATORS

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

101

3 7 .5

1 0 7.0 0

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

-

37

4 1

17

2

-

4

128

3 9 .0

1 3 6 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

17

3

10

11

6

3

1 4 4.5 0

1 3 6 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

22
-

16

3 9 .5

19
-

10

34

1
-

1

5

13

2

6

4

2

1

7

4

2

-

4

-

4

2

*

-

2

3

9

4

o

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

3 8 .5

1 3 4.0 0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

1

96

3 9 .5

1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

-

25

3 9 .0

1 7 9 .5 0

1 7 7.0 0

1 5 4 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

71

3 9 .5

1 2 8 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

O PERATOR-RECEPTIO NISTS-

SW IT CHBO ARD

305

2

2

3

2

3

6

1
-

1

1
-

27

5

6

3

4

6

-

-

7

1

-

1

1

1

50

6

31

1 3 2.5 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

55

22

10

-

26
4

34

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

16
-

47

1 4 7 .5 0

18

18

12

28

10

10

3

7

1 3 2.5 0

1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

*

16

22

29

32

22

27

12

-

3

24

------------------------------------------------------

261

4 0 .0

-

3

9

74

67

20

3

9

7

-

67

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 6 0 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

-

3

3 9 .5

1 7 9.0 0

1 8 1 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

-

3

4 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0

1 8 5.0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

40. 0

1 6 9.0 0

1 6 0.0 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

-

-

3

-

3

-

63

CLASS

A

--------------------------

56

CLERKS.

CLASS

B

--------------------------

205

MANUFACTURING
CLERKS

MANUFACTURING

29

3 9 .5

1 6 6.5 0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

-

-----------------------------------------

1 .5 0 0

3 9 .5

1 8 2 .0 0

1 6 6.0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0

4

-

-

-

-

2

10

-

-

3

7

64

-

_

4

_

-

3

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

33

12

_

_

_

3

25
14

_

23

15
1

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

9

14

i i

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

31

3

1

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

2

9

14

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

7

7

-

-

2

-

-

7

*

-

-

164

113

181

153

99

66

54

110

118

83

24

98

-

-

-

30

15
15

1
-

-

1

545

40. 0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 6 8.0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

-

32

7

33

47

58

61

54

37

28

25

42

22

38

5

25

16

3 9 .5

1 8 1.0 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

4

17

31

23

44

117

55

120

99

62

38

29

68

96

45

19

73

14

307

3 9 .0

2 3 1 .5 0

2 2 2 .5 0

1 9 4 .0 0 -2 8 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

8

4

16

12

21

10

7

15

71

38

17

72

14

--------------

690

4 0 .0

1 9 9.0 0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

-

-

-

25

72

40

29

6 1

46

80

11

34

30

15

353

4 0 .0

2 0 3 .0 0

1 8 9 .5 0

1 6 3 .5 0 -2 4 8 .0 0

-

-

-

3
-

48

--------------------------------------------

15

27

20

19

52

30

25

24

25

19

38

5

23

16

15

1
~

337

3 9 .5

1 9 5.5 0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 3 2 .5 0

-

-

-

3

1

21

5

72

36

42

15

5

36

27

42

6

11

14

102

3 9 .5

2 3 9 .5 0

2 5 0.5 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 7 2 .5 0

-

“

"

2

1

1

"

13

8

1

10

2

35

4

10

14

-

1

3
-

13
-

64

_

_

2

-

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------------CLASS

A

------------------------------------

U TILIT IE S
CLERKS.

--------------------------------------------

810

3 9 .5

1 6 7.0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

--------------------------------------------

192

40. 0

1 4 7.5 0

1 4 5 .5 0

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

B

------------------------------------

U TILITIE S

-------------------------------

88

4
-

17
-

63

27

61

116

88

90

65

27

26

25

49

72

32

7

18

20

38

42

2

7

3

1

17

3

1

_
-

3 9 .0

1 7 3 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

4

17

31

20

43

96

50

48

63

20

23

24

32

69

3

13

62

-

-

3 9 .0

2 2 7 .5 0

2 2 2 .5 0

1 9 4 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

8

2

15

11

1

8

2

6

5

69

3

13

62

*

-

-

4

6

7

2

16

-

-

9

4

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

4

64

4 0 .0

1 4 7.5 0

1 3 9 . QO

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

33

40. 0

1 4 7.5 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

4

7

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




91

1

205

---------

OPERATORS

16

1

618

--------------------------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

30

-■
77

3

1

19

1
66

1
-

955

--------------------------------------------

CLERKS.

MANUFACTURING

-

1
66

-

17
-

U TILITIE S

MANUFACTURING

-

-

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING

o
c*

1 7 2 .0 0

65
196

o

1 3 7 .5 0
1 4 6.5 0

CLERKS.

PUBLIC

8

3

7
3

3 9 .0

ORDER

ACCOUNTING

1

6

3 9 .5

ORDER

PUBLIC

4

6

3 9 .0

NONMANUFACTURING

ACCOUNTING

11

5
-

117

MANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

9

27
-

18a

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

ACCOUNTING

22

9
-

------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

CLERKS

-

19

4

9

94

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

ORDER

3 8 .5

96

-----------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

-

197

B

CLASS

NONHANUFACTURING
MESSENGERS

i

-----------------------------

------------------------------------

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

$

4

8

6

1

8

6

1

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977— Continued
^™"weekly"Tarning^^™
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earnings of—
$

*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

S

$

$

$

s

$

*

*

*

$

$

$

*

%

s

t

$

S

90

100

1 10

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4

6

7

2

16

-

6

1

-

-

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

5

3

2

-

-

8

2

-

-

2

-

5

11

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

1

80

and
under
90

ALL UORKL RS—
CONTINUED
BOOKKEEPIN G-MACHINE OPERATORS CONTINUED
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------

51

40.0

14 1. 0 0

$
139.00

$
$
115.00-158.50

MACHINE B IL L E R S ------------------------------------

42

40.0

18 7. 5 0

163.00

128.00-260.00

B IL L IN G - M A C H IN E B IL L E R S ------------

33

40.0

19 8. 0 0

212. 00

128.00-262.00

-

-

4

3

3

2

-

-

1

2

-

-

2

-

5

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------- - -

189
113
76

39.5
40.0
39.5

17 7.5 0
17 8. 0 0
17 7.5 0

160.00
160.00
158.00

142.50-215.00
151.00-215.00
134.00-200.00

-

-

26
23
3

1

8

5

-

-

11
4
7

9
6
3

11
10
1

19
11
8

14
8
6

_

5

9
8
1

13
2

8

38
25
13

9
9

1

12
3
9

-

-

ii

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

8 35
295
540
72

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

16 1. 0 0
1 7 6. 00
15 3.0 0
24 2 . 0 0

150.00
163.00
140.00
271.0 0

1 32.00-182.00
1 49.00-209.00
122.50-166.50
222.50-278.00

2
-

60

71
13
58
2

88
16
72
1

143
43
100
3

92
58
34
1

58
24
34

50
11
39
1

19
16
3
1

70
68
2
-

19

3
3

27
5

17
17

_

~

55
25
30
6

-

22
22

19
4
15
15

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

300
133
167

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 7 2. 00
17 9. 5 0
1 6 6. 00

161.00
161.00
162.00

147.50-185.50
1 50.50-192.00
1 37.50-184.00

3
3
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

535
162
373
56

39.5
40. 0
39.0
39.0

15 5. 0 0
17 3. 0 0
14 7.5 0
22 7 . 5 0

141.50
165.00
138.00
22 2. 50

126.50-171.50
148.00-209.00
1 22.50-150.00
191.00-271.00

$

2

5
5

47
3
44

60

“

2

5

2

-

2

5

3
3

23
23

2
2
-

18
6
12

45
25
20

51
33
18

20
7
13

35
18
17

41
5
36

7
6
1

15
14
1

1
1
-

-

44
3
41

37
37

69
11
58

70
10
60
1

98
18
80
3

41
25
16
1

38
17
21

20
7
13
6

9
6
3
1

12
10
2

55
54
1

18
1
17
17

2

i

_

_

5
5

17

4
13

22

2

22
22

2
2

_
_

7

_

4

-

-




5

_

_

-

7
4
3

_

_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
”

“

'

See fo o tn o t e s at end o f ta b le s .

_

_

3
3

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

m
ber
of
ikera

(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earnings of-$

Average
weekly
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

S
100

and
under
120

$

S

$

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

%

*

$

s

s

$

$

120

190

160

180

200

22 0

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

990

980

520

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

190

160

180

200

220

29 0

260

28 0

300

320

390

360

380

400

920

440

980

520

560

600

6
2
9

17
1
16

17
7
10

53
10
93

19
9
5

31
10
21

52
18
39

20
11
9

15
19

17
17

9
8
1

4

”

63
13
50

19
14

1

~

~

1

3

_

4

2

17

~

“

”

39
2

9
2

6
6

11
11

60
10

8
7

19
19

4
4

16
19
2

10
8
2

9
3
1

6
6

3
3

3

8
5
3

560

ALL UORKERS
COMPUTES SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

337
138
199

90.0
90.0
90.0

$
$
3 7 8. 50 3 6 8. 50
90 6 . 5 0 9 0 2. 50
3 5 9. 00 3 9 5. 50

$
$
3 16.50-993.00
396.50-955.50
310.50-993.00

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

173
56

90.0
90.0

922.50
979.50

9 3 9. 00
9 6 5. 50

3 68.50-966.00
923.0 0 -5 3 5 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

119
58
61

39.5
39.5
90.0

39 9 . 5 0
377.50
3 1 3. 50

326 .00
377 .00
3 1 0 .5 0

310.50-378.00
395.50-907.50
309.00-316.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS C ----------------------------

45

40.0

29 6 . 5 0

2 9 4. 00

275.00-322.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

235
65
170

39.5
39.5
39.5

253.50
28 8. 0 0
29 0 . 0 0

2 3 7. 00
2 7 7 .5 0
2 3 2 .5 0

229.00-263.50
235.00-398.00
220.50-259.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------

109

25 8 . 0 0
3 0 6. 00
23 2 . 0 0

2 3 7. 00
2 8 6. 50
2 3 1. 00

223.00-269.00
263.00-395.00
217.0 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

~

~

1

4

-

~

“

~
1

9

_

_

_

_

“

~

“

~

_
_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

“

-

7
7

6
-

15

68

~

“

6

12

26
2
29

_

_

_

8

1
7

2

3

1

20
12

~

“

3
3

12

”

10

31

10

8

7

3

7

-

6

73
19
59

36
11
25
1

51
9
92

95
19
76
1

115
92
73
22

37
8
29
3

1

-

1

15

71

30

90.0

20 1 . 0 0

199.00

173.00-290.00

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

556
17<t
382
38

39.5
90.0
39.5
38.5

21 3 . 0 0
22 9 . 5 0
205.50
26 0 . 5 0

2 1 3 .5 0
2 3 9. 50
2 0 9 .0 0
236 .00

1 65.00-239.00
1 89.00-273.50
1 61.50-236.00
236.0 0 -2 7 7 .5 0

19

33

-

17
16

81

279.00
29 1 . 5 0
261.50

269 .00
2 9 9. 50
2 5 3. 00

232.00-299.50
279.5 0 -2 9 9 .5 0
232.00-276.00

-

10

3d

19

“

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

98

39.5
90.0
39.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

381
125
256

39.5
90.0
39.5

21 8 . 0 0
22 9 . 5 0
2 1 9. 50

2 1 8. 50
2 3 9. 50
2 0 5. 00

188.50-237.50
1 92.00-298.00
188.50-236.00

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

99
78

39.5
39.5

19 0.5 0
1 9 0. 50

190.00
190.00

130.00-150.00
120.00-150.00

DRAFTERS ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

375
226
199
97

90.0
90.0
39.5
38.5

29 1 . 5 0
27 0 . 5 0
19 7.5 0
23 5 . 0 0

2 2 2. 50
2 5 1. 00
185.00
222 .50

1 72.50-293.00
202.00-399.50
195.00-230.00
222.50-256.00

D R AF TER S, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

192
100

90.0
90.0

31 3. 0 0
33 1. 0 0

312 .50
395 .00

292.00-363.00
270.00-372.50

33

-

3

_

_

-

“

2

5

-

-

2

9

1

_

_

~

1
“

”

~

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

~

2
1
1

“

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5

9
2
7

91
5
36

3

9

8

8

3

6

2

1

-

29
19
10

3
2
1

5
5

9

7
61

99
2
97

3

9
5

8
5

2
2

6
6

“

1

4

3

39

11

3
2
1

4

2

4
“

2
“

i
3
~

28
22

6
2

59
18
36
3

6

_

_

6

2

1

6
“

1
i

1

”

“

8
7

1

1
1

-

-

1
-

5
4

-

-

3

1

3

1

1
-

-

-

1

2
9
9

-

1

9

-

-

-

1

~

6

-

“

-

-

“

1

9

i

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

2
2

3
3

i
i

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

12
7
5
5

30

12
7
5
5

6

21

20
1
1

9
9

-

6
-

7
7

-

-

6
3

19
5

12

5
5

21

4
9

-

-

7

6
1

1

23
5
18

12

5

23
18
5

31
9
22

99
9
90

91
19
72

92
37
55

21
5
16

22

31

10

26
7
19

1

23
16

97
90

9
2

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

1
1

-

18

20
10
10

31
7
29

26
22
9

29
26
-

55
26
29
23

23
19
9
9

3

18

6

12

5

“

-

1

2

1

92
13
29
9

-

-

-

-

13

18

7

6

3

3

21

16
19

1

2
2

-

-

-

31

19
19

1

See footn otes at end of tables.




_

4

7

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) *
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------

_
“

”

39.0
39.5
39.0

MANU FACTU RING

_

-

-

7

-

20

“

32
29

3

3

3

3
-

3
-

i
i
-

3
3

3
3

i
i

~

21
18

7

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977— Continued
N u m b e r of w o rk e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly earn ing s o f-

We e kl y earni ngs1
(standard)
Av e r a ge
weekl y
hours1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

100

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

480

520

560

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

480

520

560

600

under
120

ALL

120

U0RKERS—

CONTINUED

DRAFTERS - CONTINUED
DRAFTERS*

CLASS

MANUFACTURING
DRAFTERS.

CLASS

MANUFACTURING
ELECTRONICS

40.0

230.50

239.00

254.00

253.00

ELECTRONICS

200.00-291.50

10
10

----------------------------------

127

4 0.0

175.00

184.00

145.00-213.00

-----------------------------------------

69

40.0

197.50

211.50

172.50-219.00

------------------------

145

40.0

301.00

304.00

293.00-322.50

48

62

-----------------------------------------

53

40.0

293.50

295.50

295.50-317.00

18

12

C

TECHNICIANS*

CLASS

A

26

-----------

39.5

257.00

248.00

2 2 4 .5 0 -

258.00

248.00

2 2 4 .5 0 -

285.00

See fo o tn o t e s a t end o f ta b le s .




22

21
20

285.00

39.5

NURSES

22

5

304.00-326.50

-----------------------------------------

INDUSTRIAL

M ANUFA CT UR ING

10
10

157.50-281.50

40.0

B

TECHNICIANS

MANUFACTURING

REGISTERED

----------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

7

Table A -3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
Average
( mean2)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE

MESSENGERS

OCCUPATIONS

We e k l y

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

ear ni ngs1
( standard)

OFFICE
79

3 8 .5

OCCUPATIONS

WOMEN—

$
1 3 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS

-

62

3 8 .5

1 2 6 .0 0

191

4 0 .0

1 7 3 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS.

-------------------------

175

4 0 .0

1 7 0 .0 0

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------

170

3 9 .5

66

4 0 .0

2 6 4 .5 0

104

3 9 .5

2 4 7 .5 0

83

3 9 .5

2 6 1 .0 0

-------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------

-

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

2 0 5 .0 0

MANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

3 7 .0

1 5 7 .5 0

104

3 9 .0

NONMANUFACTURING

T YP IS T S

-------------

------------------------------------

3 8 .5

CLERKS.

-

7 38

3 9 .5

16 0.0 0

--------------------------------

CLASS

B

186

4 0 .0

1 4 6.0 0

552

3 9 .0

1 6 4.5 0

150

3 8 .5

2 1 8 .0 0

64

4 0 .0

14 7.5 0

33

4 0 .0

1 4 7.5 0

51

4 0 .0

14 1.0 0

35

4 0 .0

17 3.5 0

------------------------

1 4 8.0 0

74

ACCOUNTING

-

CONTINUED

109

1 3 6.0 0

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------

OPERATORS

----------

MANUFACTURING
---------------------------------------------------------------------

514

3 8 .5

1 3 5.5 0

71

4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 3 4.0 0

---------------------------------------

3 9 .0

1 7 1 .0 0

--------------------------------------------

3 9 .5

1 7 4.5 0

-

98

3 9 .5

2 6 5 .5 0

MANUFACTURING

60

4 0 .0

2 7 2 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ *-----------------------

38

3 9 .5

2 5 4 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

A

-------------------------

T Y P IS T S .
ACCOUNTING

CLERKS

---------------------------------------------

---------------------------------

CLERKS.

M ANUFACTURING

ACCOUNTING

We e k l y
earnings*
(standard)

hours1

CONTINUED

$
1 7 7 .5 0

PUBLIC

TYPISTS
ACCOUNTING

OCCUPATIONS

WOMEN—

259

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

We e k l y
[standard)

---------------------------

SENIO R

NONMANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING

Sex, 3 o cc u p ation , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE

-

2 5 4 .0 0

---------------------------------

CLERKS

MANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

We e k l y
earni ngs1
( standard)

CONTINUED

-------------------------

NONrtANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

We e k l y
hours
( standard)

CONTINUED

-------------------------------------------

CLERKS

of
workers

MEN

-------------------------------------------------

WONMANUFACTURING
ORDER

-

We e k l y
hours
( standard)

Average
( m e a n 2)

Average
( mea n2)
Numb e r

CLASS

A

3 9 .5

2 3 9 .0 0

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------

66

3 9 .5

2 4 3 . 5U

NONMANUFACTURING

B

PUBLIC

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------------------

3 9 .0

1 6 9 .5 0

3 8 .5

CLASS

B

OPERATORS.

-------------------- -- -------------------------------

O

72

CLASS

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

o

-

CLERKS.

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

1 8 4 .0 0

BILLING -M ACH INE

26

BILLERS

167

1 8 1.5 0

OCCUPATIONS

-

WOME N

CLASS

---------------------------------------

3 8 .5

1 2 7 .0 0

M ANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

B

M ANUFACTURING

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

--------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

-------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

1.468

3 9 .5

2 0 1 .5 0

623

3 9 .5

2 1 2 .5 0

645

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 6 7 .5 0

CLERKS

---------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS.

—

86

3 9 .5

MANUFACTURING

3 8 .5

1 2 5 .0 0

M ANUFACTURING

1 2 3.5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------

3 9 .5

------------------

49

4 0 .0

2 1 8 .0 0

37

3 9 .0

1 9 5.5 0

NONM ANUFACTURING

A

-----------

3 9 .5

1 4 1 .5 0

B

KEYPUNCH

CLERKS.

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------

3 8 .0

1 0 9.0 0

------------------------------------

C

3 7 .5

—

285

3 9 .0

2 0 7 .5 0

------------------

115

3 9 .5

2 4 0 .5 0

170

3 8 .5

—

401

3 9 .5

1 9 3.5 0

------------------

239

3 9 .5

—

162

3 9 .0

1 9 2 .5 0

—

32

3 9 .0

2 6 8 .5 0

435

3 9 .5

287

3 9 .5

2 1 6 .5 0

148

3 9 .5

2 0 1 .5 0

48

3 9 .0

NONMANUFACTURING

C

—

U T IL IT IE S

------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

-

------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

D

---------

U T IL IT IE S

—

OPERATORS

-

240

4 0 .0

1 7 9.5 0

-----------------

119

4 0 .0

E

-------------------------

MANUFACTURING

-----------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

----------

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------------------

3 9 .5

M ANUFACTURING

2 4 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

287

3 9 .5

1 6 7.5 0

129

4 0 .0

17 8.0 0

B

1 5 9.0 0

158

3 9 .0

527

3 9 .5

1 5 4.5 0
1 7 2.5 0

1 3 7.5 0

3 9 .5

1 4 6.5 0

------------------------------------

3 9 .0

ORDER

CLERKS

4 0 .0

1 6 9.5 0

3 9 .5

1 7 1.5 0

--------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 6 .5 0

—

--------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

GENERAL

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

B

-----------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

----------

-----------------------------------------

3 9 .5

1 7 2 .5 0

--------------------------------------------

4 0 .0

1 7 3 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 8 2 .0 0

MANUFACTURING

181

4 0 .0

1 9 6 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING

325

3 8 .0

1 7 4.0 0

143

3 8 .5

2 0 6 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 8 6 .5 0

72

4 0 .0

1 8 2.0 0

175

3 8 .5

18 8.5 0

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------------------

3 9 .0

2 2 0 .5 0

------------

4 0 .0

1 8 8.5 0

--------------------------------------------

4 0 .0

3 9 .0

2 3 3 .5 0

SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS)

308

4 0 .0

3 8 5 .0 0

128

4 0 .0

4 1 0 .0 0

COMPUTER

MANUFACTURING

TECHNICAL
-

MEN

ANALYSTS

---------------------------------------------------------

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS
------------

167

4 0 .0

4 2 4 .5 0

----------------------------

52

4 0 .0

4 8 0 .0 0

------------

107

3 9 .5

3 4 9.0 0

---------------------------

55

3 9 .5

3 7 8 .5 0

52

4 0 .0

3 1 8 .0 0

34

4 0 .0

3 0 3 .0 0

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

A

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

(B U S IN E S S ).

ANALYSTS

CLASS

B

1 8 8.5 0

CLERKS.

CLASS

A

N O N r t A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------- :-----------U T IL IT IE S

-------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




COMPUTER

MANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

14 7.0 0

50

1 7 2.0 0

3 9 .5

AND

OCCUPATIONS

(B U S IN E S S ).
CLERKS

5 06

247

PROFESSIONAL

MANUFACTURING
CLERKS.

PUBLIC

3 9 .0

1 6 6 .0 0

--------------------------------------------

-------------------

4 0 .0

1 3 2 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

161
366

1 2 7.0 0

3 9 .0

-------------------------

1 4 0 .5 0

3 9 .5

MANUFACTURING

ACCOUNTING
STENOGRAPHERS.

NONMANUFACTURING

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS

SWITCHBOARD

ACCOUNTING
STENOGRAPHERS

CLASS

--------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

1 4 9.0 0

19 8.0 0

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING

A

-------------------------

OPERATORS.

1 4 6 .0 0

------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

ORDER
SECRETARIES.

------------------------------------

PUBLIC

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

15 0.5 0

57
CLASS

---------------------------------

3 9 .0

2 7 1 .5 0

-----------

MESSENGERS

SWITCHBOARD

PUBLIC

1 7 5.0 0

3 9 .0

2 1 1 .5 0

B

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING

4 0 .0

1 9 4.5 0

NONM ANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES.

U T IL IT IE S

3 9 .0

1 8 5 .0 0

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING

15 9.0 0

290

—

1 0 7 .0 0
KEYPUNCH

SECRETARIES.

1 6 5.0 0

3 9 .5

524

-----------

OPERATORS.

M ANUFACTURING
FILE

1 7 0.0 0

3 9 .5

1 4 0 .5 0

------------------------------------

CLASS

2 0 8 .5 0

CLASS

—

3 8 .5

------------------------------------

PUBLIC
FILE

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

------------------------------------

1 8 7 .0 0

105

-----------

U T IL IT IE S

FIL E

3 9 .5

68

1 2 7.5 0

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES

99

NONMANUFACTURING

3 8 .0

1 6 8.0 0

814

T Y P IS T S .
OFFICE

3 9 .5

8

3 9 .5

1 8 8.0 0

3 9 .5

2 2 6 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

(B U S IN E S S ).

-------------------ANALYSTS

CLASS

C

------------

Table A -3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Louisville, Ky. —Ind., November 1977
Average
( me a n ^ )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Numb e r
of
workers

We e k l y
hours
( standard]

We e k l y

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (BUSIN E S S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

39.5 257. 0 0
39.5 291 . 5 0
39.5 244 . 0 0

90
27
63

39.0 2 5 7 . 0 0
39.5 320.50
39.0 229. 5 0

37m
99
275

39.5 228 . 0 0
40. 0 2 6 4 . 0 0
39.5 215 . 0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R ATORS. C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

79
30
49

39.5 2 7 4 . 5 0
40.0 291 . 5 0
39.5 263 . 0 0

C O M P U T E R O PERATORS. C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

270
69

3 9.5 225 . 5 0
4 0.0 252 . 0 0

C O M P U T E R OPERA TORS. C L A S S C
N O N M A N U F A C T U R ING -----------

30
30

COM PUTER

O P E R A T O R S

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

—

N O N M A N U F A C TU R IN G

We e k l y
earni ngs1
( standard)

39.0
39.0

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

75
53

DKAFTLKbt CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

126
69

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------MANUFACTURING
~

136
53

40.0 302.50
40.0 293.50

DRAFTERS.

CLASS A

ELECTRONICS

---------------------------------------

TECHNICIANS.

134.00
134.00

9

C L A S S A-

Numb e r
of
workers

We e k l y
hours
(standard)

We e k l y
earni ngs1
( standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
40.0 242.50 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
40.0 270.00
4 0 . 0 1 9 4.50
39. 5 2 5 0 . 0 0 C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------40.0 312.50
331.00
40.0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------40.0 230.50
4 0.0 2 5 4 . 0 0
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B -----------40.0 175.00
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------4 0 . 0 197. 5 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------MANUFACTURING —
—
—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




We e k l y
hours
( standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D
190
53
137

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (BU S I N E S S ) *
CL A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

earni ngs1
( standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN— C O N T I N U E D

Average
(mean^)

Average
(mean^)
Numb e r
of
workers

352
224
126
26
140
98

42

$
308. 0 0

29

40.0

45
33

39.5 2 3 7 . 0 0
39.5 2 2 4 . 5 0

182
75
107

39.5
39.5
39. 5

182. 0 0
183.50
180. 5 0

111

3 9.5

198. 5 0

55

39. 0 2 0 7 . 0 0

C L A S S C -----

64
48

40. 0

4 0 . 0 2 9 7 . 5 0 R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

73
70

39.5 2 5 5 . 0 0
39.5 2 5 6 . 0 0

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

143.50

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.80 5.20 5.60

Hourly earnings 4

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

and
under
2.80 3.00 3. 20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.4 0 4.80 5.20 5.60 6.00

ALL

M AIN TE N AN C E

M ANUFACTURING

---------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

E L E C T R IC IA N S

MANUFACTURING

M AINTENANCE

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

M A C H IN IS T S

MANUFACTURING

M AINTENANCE

---------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

MECHANICS

M ANUFACTURING

---------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

P A IN T E R S

M AINTENANCE

(M A C H IN E R Y )

-

--------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------------------------

PU B LIC

U T I L I T I E S

M AINTENANCE

V E H IC L E S )

M ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

M AINTENANCE

M AINTENANCE

M ILLW RIG H TS

MAINTENANCE

-------

--------------------------------------------------

TRADES

MANUFACTURING

D IE

HE LPE RS

TENDERS

------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

ENGINEERS

M ANUFACTURING

----------------------

--------------------------------------------------

MAKERS

M ANUFACTURING

BO ILE R

WORKERS

--------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

S TA TIO N A R Y

------------------------------

-----------------------------------

SH EE T-M ETAL

M ANUFACTURING

AND

------------------------------------------

P IP E F I T T E R S

MANUFACTURI NG

TOOL

------------------------------------

231
161

$
6.77
8.05

$
7.39
8.23

$
$
4.25- 8.27
7.39- 8.77

656
567

8.25
8.35

8. 23
8.77

7.39- 9.25
7. 39- 9.25

136
89

6.90
7.95

7.08
8.03

4.90- 8.23
7.08- 8.67

994
477

8.03
8. 03

7.86
7.86

7.75- 8.75
7.75- 8.75
8.23
8.23
7.92
7.92

---------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------------

-

-

42

-

-

-

-

7.60
7.62
7.47
7.54

7.84
7.91
7.37
7.37

6.966.717. 197.37-

566
142
424

7.24
7.29
7.22

6.94
7. 51
6.94

6.94- 8.21
6.15- 8.23
6.94- 8.13

_

487
487

8 • 26
8.26

8.03
8.03

7.46- 9.21
7.46- 9.21

-

92
92

8.77
8.77

9.35
9.35

8.92
8.92

9.37
9.37

6.04
6.77

5.39
7.05

8.20
8.20

8.11
8.11

128
72

7.47
7.90

220
154

5.80
6.97

1

-

1

-

-

-

5. 22- 7.05
5.83- 7.53

417
417

-

22

21
-

-

-

18
18

8
8

19
19

3
3

58
58

9
9

11
11

28
28

6
6

5
5

32
32

74
70

54
44

108
39

85
85

8
8

112
112

166
166

_

1

-

_

2
1

23
23

3
3

16
15

23
23

12
12

12
12

_

_

-

-

18
18

_

6
4

210
195

23
23

64
64

_

-

83
83

7
7
-

2
2
“

36
35
1
1

107
103
4
4

82
67
15
11

56
31
25
25

95
73
22
22

169
169
”

58
52
6
6

35
35

~

-

9.21- 9.37
9.21- 9.37

66
35

-

-

7
7

8.20- 9.36
8.20- 9.36

305
305

-

1

7

3
3

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

_

-

-

_
-

“

-

-

-

_
“

-

-

-

-

~

-

87
87

_

_
-

_

“

-

-

”

2
2

-

16
16

-

-

31
12
19

35

15
6
9

11
3
8

234
10
224

35
32
3

39
21
18

28
13
15

48
1
47

45
45

26
26
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

92
92

34
34

104
104

36
36

25
25

70
70

125
125

_
"

9
9

3
3

3
3

12
12

ii
it

_
-

54
54

_

_
-

18
18

_

-

-

243
243

-

_

_

_

_

35

_
_

2
2

16
16

_

_

_

*

-

-

26
26

27
3

4
4

_
-

_
-

12
12

11
11

_
-

-

2
2

-

-

-

8.00- 8.28
8.00- 8.28

7
7

_

36
36

45
45

28
28

204
204

17
17

_

46
46

34
34

7.47
8.23

6.67- 8.23
7.22- 8.39

26

8
7

5
5

43
11

1
1

30
30

7
7

_

8
7

-

6.55
7.33

3.38- 7.46
6.54- 7.86

24
24

17
17

37
37

10
10

28
28

6
6

7
“

3
3

4
42

-

21

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




21

-

6

648
574
74
69

MECHANICS

(MOTOR

o . 4 0 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00 8. 40 8 • 80 9.20 9.6010.00

WORKERS

CARPEN TERS

M AIN TE N AN C E

s
$
$
$
$
$
1 --*
$
$
6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60 8. 00 8 .40 8.80 9.20 9.60

10

4
4

-

-

12
12

3

9
9

3
3

2
2

_

2
2

_
_




Fmaterial movement and custodial workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N um b er of
$
2 .2 0 2 .4 0
and
under
2 .4 0 2 .6 0
*

of

Mean 2 Median*

Middle range *

$
6 .6 3
6 .2 5
6 .7 4
7 .6 9

$
6 .9 5
6 .7 1
7 . 28
8 .5 7

$
5. 295 .0 4 5 .3 0 8 .5 7 -

3 .3 2
4 .3 6
3 .0 4

2 .8 5
4 . 45
2 .7 5

2 .7 5 - 3 .7 5
3.2 5-» 4 . 9 8
2 .7 0 - 3 .0 5

6 .7 9
6 .2 3
7 . 00

6 . 35
6 .8 3
6 . 35

5 .3 0 - 8 .6 0
4 . 5 6 - 8 . 38
5 .5 0 - 8 .6 0

6 .2 7
6 .8 9

6 .5 6
6 .9 1

5 .4 5 - 7 .3 0
6 .8 5 - 7 .3 0

-

7 .6 4
6 .3 8
7 .8 4

8 .5 7
6 .7 1
8 .5 7

7 .0 0 - 8 .5 7
5 .9 8 - 6 .7 9
7 .3 7 - 8 .5 7

-

5 .6 7
5 .5 8

5 .6 2
5 .5 6

5 .2 9 - 6 .2 2
5 .2 7 - 6 .2 2

-

6 .0 4
6 .5 9
4 .9 8

5 .8 5
6 .8 2
5 .7 5

5 .3 1 - 7 .5 9
5 .7 3 - 7 .5 9
4 .0 1 - 5 .7 5

4 .9 6
4 .6 0

4 .7 4
4 .4 3

4 .1 2 - 6 .2 1
4 .1 2 - 5 .3 0

“
-

5 .1 7
5 .5 5
5 .0 1

5 . 20
5 .3 0
5 .2 0

4 .5 4 - 5 .71
5 .2 9 - 5.7 1
4 .2 9 - 5 .7 5

-

-

4 .8 7
5 .7 1
4 .4 1

4 .7 4
5 .7 3
4 .2 0

4 .0 0 - 5 .7 3
5 .7 3 - 5 .7 3
3 .5 0 - 4 .7 5

20
20

4 .6 0
5 .4 1
3 .7 5

4 .6 7
6 .0 3
4 . 20

3 .7 0 - 6 .0 3
4. 04- 6 .2 9
2 .5 5 - 4 .6 7

24
4
20
-

5 .4 5
5 .5 1
5 . 13

5 .4 7
5 .4 7
5 .0 5

4 .6 4 - 6 .2 5
4 .7 9 - 6 .2 5
4 .0 1 - 6 .8 7

301

6 .1 2
6 .2 5
5 .2 8

6 . 21
6 .2 1
5 .2 0

5. 50- 7 .5 2
5 .6 3 - 7 .5 2
4 .4 3 - 5 .5 0

“

"

186

6 .7 7

7 .4 3

5 .5 4 - 7 .4 3

-

-

.520
583
.937
.065
199
93
156
.006
285
723
132
75
978
132
846
76

68
350
231
119
50
42

662
197
465
982
343
6 39
339
173
166
.275
.054

221
• 248
.947

$
8 .5 7
7 .3 0
8 .5 7
8 .6 0

w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—
s
$
s
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
S
2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 20 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0

s
s
$
*
%
*
%
*
1 -------- %
4 . 8 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 6 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 80 7 . 2 0 7 . 6 0 8 . 0 0 8 . 4 0

2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 . 2 0 5 . 6 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 40 6 . 8 0 7 . 20 7 . 6 0 8 . 0 0 8 . 4 0 8 . 8 0

7
7

24
24

64
64

18
18

13
13

38
30
8
8

92
“
92
80

28
19
9
“

94
38
56
56

12
4
8

36
36
“

18
17
1

10
10

143
64
79

290
23
267
76

22
22

7
7
-

24

60
60

16
16

11
11

15
15

8
8

13
4
9

1
1
"

8

5

8

5

7
7
“

_
-

18
10
8

“

3

15
15
“
“
-

30
30

4
4

30

11
10
1

73
54
19

132
132

-

-

-

-

6
6
*

~

65
8

3
3

-

7
7

-

1
1

“

8
7
1

7
7

“

“

“

-

-

9

-

72

8

-

9

-

72

8

7

1
1
-

126
126

23
20
3

9
8
i

20
20

20
20

-

45
40
5

10
8
2

8
7
1

13
6

-

-

24
-

4

2

4

2

2
2

15
15

“
”
“
-

-

-

-

~
”
-

“
-

-

~

i

“
“
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

"

62
62

-

-

22
22

5
5

8
8

15
15
“

-

-

-

3
3
21
21

7
2
2
5
5

~

1
1

~

9
7
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

3
1
1

7

7
7
~

“
“
10
10
14
14

30

242
37
205

73
72
1
1

3
3
“

-

5
5
-

-

~

205
96
110
“
_
~

112
30
82
-

1
1
"

46
33
13
-

198
198

3
2
1

4
3
1

46
46

6
6

“

4
4

27
27

36
36

-

908
64
844
844
-

25
25
*
_
-

394
64
330
-

1
1

~

4
4
“

52
52

80
13
67

14
14

24
17
7

53
53
-

15
3
12

113
3
110

100
18
82

-

“
-

3
3

-

22
22

4
2

18
16

3
3

4
-

6
6

3
3

_

-

-

24
3
21

12
11
1

16
14
2

23
23
-

22
13
9

26
20
6

98
98

2
2
-

_

_

7
7

“

7
7

81
36
45
_
“

3
3

6
4

_

_

-

5

9
9

2 14
73
141

82
37
45

56
23
33

28
10
18

27
5
22

8
7
i
-

4
4
“
50

27

“

50

27

72
42
30

53
14
39

142
“
142

2
2

2 13
213

9
9

34
34

198
198

-

1
1
-

54
54
-

10
10

50
10
40

2
2

60
60

5
5

14
14

.
-

56
56

27
27

5
5

14 5
14 4
1

36
14
22

9
6
3

12
12
“

70
35
35

50
47
3

258
255
3

110
70
40

273
264
9

38
37
1

29

2
2

122
122

74
59
15

3

135
32
103

347
3 28
19

445
445
~

145
145
“

104
104

'

99
54
45

67
64

'

75
12
63

-

-

-

-

13

9

33

-

5

-

-

2
2
“

25
25
_

-

29

_

_
107
107

_

"

514
514
_

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

66
10
56

-

-

4
4

2
2

_

-

_

-

_

*

28

_

_

-

-

-

28

-

-

228
186
42

3
3
“

_
-

~

371
371
“

4

107

15

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977— Continued
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly- earnings of—
s
%
S ---------- ----------- i ---------- i -------$
*
$
$
t

Hourly earnings

%

$

s

S

$

*

$

*

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .40

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

.2 0

1 .40

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 . 80

7 .20

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

2 .40

2 .6 0

2 .80

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .60

1 .80

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 . 20

7 .60

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

20

31

-

31

-

$

2 .2 0

Occupation and industry division
wo risers

M ea n 2

M edian *

M iddle range *

~ i--------

and
under

ALL

WORKERS—

CONTINU E D
GUAROS

1 .6 4 3

$
3 .4 6

$
2 .4 5

$
2 .4 5 -

$
4 .1 2

196

5 .9 8

6 . 37

5 .8 1 -

6 .6 3

846
-

100

420

4
-

13
-

19
14

2
-

------------------------------------

1 .2 2 3

2 .5 9

2 . 45

2 .4 0 -

2 .4 5

196

846

100

4

13

5

2

-----------------------------------------

346

5 .8 0

6 .0 1

5 .8 1 -

6 .6 3

-

52

2

--------------------------------------------

280

6 . 38

6 . 44

5 .8 1 -

6 .6 3

1 »2< »0

2 .8 4

2 .4 5

2 .4 0 -

2 .50

---------------------------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
GUARDS.

CLASS

A

M ANUFACTURING
GUARDS.

CLASS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

B

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
J A N IT O R S .

PORTERS.

M AN U FA CTU R ING

AND

CLEANERS

------

18

9

26

1

72

53

138

47

4

31

11

9

19

1

72

51

138

30

4

31

4
-

“

2

-

17

-

-

4

72

51

103

14

4

31

4

72

51

103

6

4

31

2
-

35

33

-

_

-

35

24

-

2

-

9

-

7

7
13

-

13
794
-

98
-

4
-

13

19

2

6

20

31

3

18

9

13

1

-

9

6

1

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5 . 19

4 .6 0

4 .1 0 -

6 .5 2

-

14

31

3

11

2 .5 5

2 .4 5

2 .4 0 -

2 .4 5

195

794

98

4

13

5

2

”

20

“

~

7

3 .5 8 3

3 .6 1

2 .7 5

2 .3 0 -

5 . 19

1073

290

67

33

32

26

22

104

15

30

31

30

112

294

163

117

79

66

176

_

5 .7 2

5 .7 4

5 .2 6 -

6 .4 3

823
-

10

21

7

35

12

30

15

21

61

113

75

56

-

-

23

22

5

15

69

3

16

9

51

176
-

-

823

294
-

145

290

15
52

10

1073

-

-

-

4

50

1 .09 6

2 .6 8

2 .5 0

2 .3 0 -

2 .7 5

94

5 . 06

5 . 19

5 .0 3 -

5 .7 9

12

See footnotes at end of tables.




3
3
“

140

2 .48 7

-------------------------------

20

1 .1 5 6

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

6

195
-

--------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

------------------------------------

6

12

6

7

18
18

4
4

4
2

10

4

_

-

_

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
(m e a n t )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M AINTE NA NC E S
POW ERPLANT
M AINTENANC E

TOOLROOM,

O C C U PATIO N S

MEN

MOVEME NT

-----------------------------

231
161

8 .0 5

------------------------

6 56

8 .2 5

--------------------------------------------

567

6 .9 0

E L E C T R IC IA N S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

PAIN TE R S

M AN U FACTU RING

C U STO D IAL

P U B L IC

----------------------------------

89

7 .9 5

-----------------------------

994

8 .0 3

-------------------------------------------

477

8 .0 3

-

648

-------------------------------------------

574

7 .6 2

74

7 .4 7

69

------------------------------------------------------------------

583

6 .2 5

M AN U FACTU RING

1 ,91 6

6 .7 2

N O NM ANUFACTURING

1 ,044

OPERATORS

199

3 .3 2

43

-------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

156

3 .0 4

--------------

987

6 .7 5

-------------------------------------------

285

M ECHANICS

M ANUFACTURING

NONM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

(M A C H IN E R Y )

6 .9 6

----------------

132

6 . 26

301

5 . 28

-----------------------------

185

6 .7 8

--------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,46 5

3 .3 8

75

6 .8 9

978

7 .6 4

(O TH E R

OPERATORS

THAN

F O R K LIFT)

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------------------

(M O T O R

M ECH AN ICS
7 .2 4

142

GUARDS

7 .2 2

--------------------------

487

-------------------------------------------

487

8 .2 6

------------------------------------

------

92

8 .7 7

-------------------------------------------

92

--------------------------------------------------------

305

R E C E IV ER S

M ANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------------------------

305

8 .9 2

-------------------

64

6 . 07

-------------------------------------------

35

HELPERS

-------------------------------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURING
J A N IT O R S ,

PORTERS,

-----------------------------------AND

CLEANERS

------

138

5 . 18

1 ,06 7

2 .5 6

2 ,0 6 3

4 .0 4
2 .7 4

68

5 . 10

28

5 .7 4

4 .9 1

R E C E I V E R S ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

27

5 .7 8

73

3 .5 9

53

4 .0 7

5 .9 5
6 . 07

204

6 .7 0

118

-------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

4 .9 8

-------------------------------------------

PU B L IC
M ATE RIAL

AND

------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S
MOV EMENT

O C C U PATIO N S

R E C E IV ER S

-----------------------------

43

WAREHOUSEMEN

-----------------------------------------------------

651
193

5 .1 6

ORD ER

------------------------------------

458

5 .5 3
5 .0 1

S H IP P IN G

PACKERS

---------------------------------------------------

9 09

4 .9 7

M ATE RIAL

H AN D LIN G

--------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
F IL L E R S

417

8 .2 0

M AN U FA CTU R ING

417

8 .2 0

N O NM ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------

126

7 .4 6

-------------------------------------------

70

7 .8 9

TENDERS

------------------------------------------------

219

5 .7 9

153

6 .9 7

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-------------------------------------------

F IL L E R S

-------------------------------

AND
-

C U STO D IA L

WOMEN

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

112

5 .8 5

-------------------------------------------

105

5 .9 8

--------------------------------------------------------------------

174

4 .0 2

91

2 .5 6

M ANUFACTURING

LABORERS

322

5 .8 4

------------------------------------

587

4 .4 9

PACKERS

-------------------------------------------

286

4 .7 0

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-------------------------------------------

134

5 .8 1

GUARDS,

-------------------

1 ,1 6 3

5 .4 1

JA N IT O R S ,

-------------------------------------------

949

5 .4 6

M ANUFACTURING

214

5 . 18

NONM ANUFACTURING

GUARDS
S H IP P IN G

M ATE RIAL

H AN O LIN G

M AN U FACTU RING

LABORERS

N O NM ANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




2 .8 6

5 .7 2

52

------------------------------------

E NG IN E E R S

M ANUFACTURING
B O IL E R

1 ,20 5

8 95

322

-------------------------------------------

MAKERS

M AN U FA CTU R ING
STATIO N A RY

6 .5 7

-----------------------------------------

B

1 ,1 6 8

-------------------------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

ORDER
D IE

60

6 .0 1

203

6 .3 8
7 .8 4

259

6 .7 7

-------------------------------------------

TRADES

M ANUFACTURING
AND

132
846

-------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

TOOL

CLASS

5 .8 1

-----------------------------------------

8 .9 2

WORKERS

SH IPPE R S

M AINTE NA NC E

------------------------------------

8 .7 7

SH EET-M ETAL

M ANUFACTURING
M ILLW R IG H TS

GUARDS,

2 .5 8

-------------------------------------------

A

M AN U FA CTU R ING
SH IPPE R S

M AN U FACTU RING
M AINTE NA NC E

-------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

M ANUFACTURING
P IP E F IT T E R S

M ANUFACTURING

CLASS

6 .0 1

1 ,12 4

8 . 26

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ - -

NONM ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

GUARDS,

341

------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

M ANUFACTURING
------

7 .2 9

424

TRUCK

T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R

M ANUFACTURING
566

V E H IC L E S )

M AN U FA CTU R ING

------------------------------------

HEAVY

M ANUFACTURING
TRU C K D R IV ER S s

M AIN TE N A N C E

TRUCK

M ANUFACTURING
TR U CKD RIVERSs

------------------------------------

6 .2 7

-------------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

$
6 .1 2

6 .2 3

702

------------------------------------

M E D IU M

N O NM ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

2 ,22 4

4 .3 6

NO NM ANUFACTURING
TR U CKD RIVERSs

---------------------------------------

1 ,9 2 3

POW ER-TRU CK
----------------

TRUCK

7 .5 4

M A C H IN IS T S

C U STO O IAL

7 .6 7

F O RK LIFT

M ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

AND

Number Average
( mean2)
of
hourly
workers
earnings4

M EN — C O N T I N U E D

2 ,4 9 9

-------------------------------------------

LIG H T

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-

$
6 .6 1

7 .6 0

--------------------------------------------

MOVEMENT

O C C U PATIO N S

-------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

occupation, and industry division

Sex,

M ATE RIAL

HEN

-----------------------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

TR U CKD RIVERSs
M AINTE NA NC E

-

8 . 35

136

TR U CKO RIVERS

N O NM ANUFACTURING
M AINTENANC E

AND

O C CUPATIO NS

-------------------------------------------

Average
(meant)
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M ATE RIAL

AND
-

$
6 .7 7

CARPENTERS

M ANUFACTURING

hourly
earnings

13

CLASS

B

-----------------------------------------

PORTERS,

ANO

CLEANERS

- —

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,51 6

3 .0 3

201

5 .7 4

1 ,31 5

2 .6 2




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts.
for selected occupational groups in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., for selected periods
November 1972
to
November 1973

November 1973
to
November 1974

November 1974
to
November 1975

November 1975
to
November 1976

November 197 6
to
November 1977

All industries:
Office clerical
Electronic data processing
Industrial nurses
. .
Skilled maintenance trades
Unskilled plant w ork ers________________________ _

5.4
(6)
6.4
5.8
6.2

9.9
8.0
11.9
11.5
13.5

8.9
6.8
8.3
8.9
9.1

7.6
8.3
6.8
9.1
8.7

6.3
8.9
9.2
8.7
6.7

Manufacturing:
Office clerical
_
Electronic data processing
_ _
Industrial nurses____ _______________ __________
Skilled maintenance trad es__________ __ _______
Unskilled plant w ork ers___________________________

5.0
(6)
6.4
5.3
6.6

9.2
(6)
11.9
12.0
13.7

8.0
(6)
8.3
8.8
9.0

8.0
(6)
6.8
9.5
10.1

7.3
(6)
9.3
9.2
9.1

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical
Electronic data processing
...
............ ...
Industrial nurses
Unskilled plant w o rk ers___________ ______________

5.7
(‘ )
(6)
4.7

10.3
8.6
(6)
12.8

9.6
7.1
(6)
9.4

7.3
7.7
(6)
6.6

5.7
11.0
(6)
2.8

Industry and occupational group5

See footnotes at end of tables.

14

B. Establishm ent practices and supplem entary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
In e x p e r ie n c e d
M a n u fa c t u r in g

Minimum weekly straight-time salary7

A ll

Other inexperienced clerical workers 1

ty p is t s

B a sed on

s ta n d a rd w e e k ly

A ll
industries

h o u rs 9 o f—

in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E S T A B L IS H M E N T S

E S T A B L IS H M E N T S
M IN IM U M

STUDIED

H AV ING

A ll

40

40

3 7 ‘4

XXX

Based on standard weekly hours9 of—
All
schedules

37*4

All
schedules

XXX

s c h e d u le s

199

59

XXX

90

38

A

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

22

18

16

7

7

26

1

1

1

*

-

-

2

-

2

1

3

-

1

-

1

1

*
1
-

S P E C IF IE D

------------------------------

$ 9 0.0 0

ANO

UNDER

$ 9 2 .5 0

-

$ 9 2 .5 0

ANO

UNDER

$ 9 5 .0 0

-

$ 9 5 .0 0

AND

UN D ER

$ 9 7 .5 0

-

2

-

$ 9 7 .5 0

AND

UN D ER

*1 0 0 .0 0

1

-

$ 1 0 5 .0 0

5

2

2

$ 1 00 .0 0

AND

UNDER

1

1

$ 1 0 5 .0 0

AND

UNDER

$ 1 10 .0 0

3

2

2

$ 1 10 .0 0

AND

UNOER

$ 1 1 5 .0 0

3

2

2

1

$ 1 15 .0 0

AND

UNDER

$ 1 2 0 .0 0

3

2

1

1

$ 1 20 .0 0

AND

UNDER

$ 1 2 5 .0 0

$ 1 25 .0 0

2

1

1

3

1

AND

UNDER

$ 1 3 0 .0 0

3

1

1

$ 1 30 .0 0

ANO

UNDER

$ 1 3 5 .0 0

4

4

2

$ 1 35 .0 0

AND

UNOER

$ 1 4 0 .0 0

4

3

2

$ 1 40 .0 0

ANO

UNDER

$ 1 4 5 .0 0
-

-

2

1

1

2
1

2

2

1

1

i

i

i

1

$ 1 4 5 .0 0

AN O

UNOER

ANO

UNOER

$ 1 5 5 .0 0

$ 1 55 .0 0
$ 1 6 0 .0 0

ANO
AND

UNDER

$ 1 6 0 .0 0

UNOER

$ 1 6 5 .0 0

$ 1 65 .0 0

AND

UNDER

$ 1 7 0 .0 0

$ 1 7 0 .0 0

AND

UNDER

$ 1 7 5 .0 0

$ 1 7 5 .0 0
$ 1 8 0 .0 0
$ 1 8 5 .0 0

ANO
AND
AND

UNDER
UNOER
UNOER

-

$ 1 5 0 .0 0

$ 1 50 .0 0

$ 1 8 0 .0 0
$ 1 8 5 .0 0
$ 1 9 0 .0 0

$ 1 9 0 .0 0

AND

UNDER

AND

UNO ER

1

-

1

-

-

“

$ 1 9 5 .0 0

$ 1 95 .0 0

1

1

_

“

_

_

“

$ 2 0 0 .0 0

$ 2 00 .0 0

AND

$ 2 0 5 .0 0

AND

UNDER

$ 2 1 0 .0 0

$ 2 1 0 .0 0

AND

UND ER

$ 2 1 5 .0 0

$ 2 15 .0 0

ANO

UNDER

$ 2 2 0 .0 0

AND

UNDER

$ 2 20 .0 0

$ 2 0 5 .0 0

UNDER

1

$ 2 2 5 .0 0

$ 2 2 5 .0 0

ANO

UND ER

ANO

UNDER

$ 2 3 5 .0 0

$ 2 3 5 .0 0

AND

UN D ER

AND

UNDER

1

$ 2 4 5 .0 0
$ 2 5 0 .0 0

1

$ 2 4 0 .0 0

$ 2 4 0 .0 0

-

-

$ 2 3 0 .0 0

$ 2 30 .0 0

-

$ 2 4 5 .0 0

AND

UNO ER

$ 2 5 0 .0 0

AND

UND ER

AND

UNO ER

$ 2 6 0 .0 0

$ 2 6 0 .0 0

AND

OVER

-

$ 2 5 5 .0 0

$ 2 5 5 .0 0

_

E S TA B LIS H M E N TS

i

WORKERS

IN

H AVING

U H ICH

T H IS

19

6

92

31

1

XXX

13

XX X

XXX

32

XXX

61

XX X

XX X

24

NO

S P E C IF IE D

M I N I M U M --------------------------------------------------------------E S TA B LIS H M E N TS

1

-

D ID

CATEGORY

NOT

EMPLOY

-----------------------

See footn otes at end o f tables.




15

37v2




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
( A l l f u l l - t i m e m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t )

PERCENT
IN

E S T A B L IS H M E N T S

W ITH

NO

PAY

W ITH

PAY

OF

W ITH

D IF F E R E N T IA L

FOR

FOR

U N IFO R M

C EN TS-PE R -H O U R

U N IFO R M

PERCENTAGE

OTHER

PAY

C EN TS-PE R -H O U R

U N IFO R M

PERCENTAGE

LATE

OF
OF

WORKERS
PAY

Second s h i f t

9 4.5

35.1

2 1 .9

S H IF T

WORK

WORK

—

— ----------

-------------------------

3 5.1
43.2
3 9.4
2 .4

2 1 .9
1 2 .6
9.0
.2

8 .8
4 .6
4 .1
.1

BY

-----------------------------

17.5
3 .3

23.8
9 .7

18.5
8 .1

27.2
9 .6

TYPE

1 .1
11.1
1 .4
3 .7
.6
.3
10.4
1 .6
1 .2
1 .0

1. 1
.5

(11)
3 .0
.3
.5
.1
.1
2 .8
.3

(11 )
.2

r r iu T ^
-

2.6
5 .0

-

3.2

6

percentage:
PERCENT

10

—
■

PERCENT

15

.9

5.1
-

2.0

.3

•1

2.9
5.2
2.8
1 .6
2.8

.3
1.0

-*
-»

.5
.7

2 .9
->
-»

11.2
5 .2
21.3
1 .7

_
5 .2
3 2.5
1 .7

3.0
.5
5.6

rrruT-

PERCENT

1 .4
.7

4 .4
10.5
1 .0

rrlu T '-

5

(in

1 .6
3 .7
-

rrlu T ^

37 T ..!! .J. . , „ r
U N IF O R M

-

-

AND

rr^ T r

30

8 .8

.1
94.3
53.4
3 9.4
1 .5

25 r r l j T r
^■9

T h ir d s h ift

D IF F E R E N T IA L

rriiT r
t

T h ir d s h ift

D IF F E R E N T IA L

c en ts- per- hour:

rr

S H IFT

D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------- ---------

10
11 CCfoT"
12
13
IN CENTS
15
19

P R O V IS IO N S

D IF F E R E N T IA L

D IF F E R E N T IA L

AMOUN T
U N IF O R M

LATE

---------------------------------------------------------

U N IFO R M

PERCENT

S H IF T

D IF F E R E N T IA L

D IF F E R E N T IA L
AVERAGE

Second s h i f t

WO RKERS

LATE

D IF F E R E N T IA L

W o r k e r s o n l a te s h i fts

A l l w o r k e r s 10

Ite m

PERCENT

See fo o tn o t e s a t end o f ta b le s .

16

.2
-

.2
(11 )
.2
.5
.1
(11)
.7
.5
1 .8
.1
_
.4
3 .8

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o rk e rs
Ite m

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS -------------------

1 00

100

100

100

100

100

20 HOURS—5 DAYS ----------------------------------------32 HOURS-'* D A Y S --------■ ------------------------------33 HOURS --------------------------------------------------------4 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------5 OAYS ------------------------------------------------------35 H O U R S ------------------------>-------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 OAYS ---------------------------------------------37 1 / 2 HOURS-5 O A Y S ------------------------------38 8 / 1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------39 HOURS-5 1 / 2 DAYS ------------------------------39 1 / 3 HOURS-** 1 / 2 D A Y S ---------------------40 H O U R S --------------------------------------------------------4 D A Y S -----------------------------------------------------4 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------5 DAYS ------------------------------------------------------42 HOURS --------------------------------------------------------3 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------4 DAYS ------------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 D A Y S --------------------------------------------44 HOURS-6 D A Y S ------ --------------------------------44 1 / 2 HOURS-5 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------45 HOURS-5 OAYS ----------------------------------------46 HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------6 OAYS ------------------------------------------------------50 HOURS-5 OAYS -----------------------------------------

1
( 12 )
1
(1 2 )
1
1
1
(1 2 )
11
(1 2 )
~
(1 2 )
80
2
78
2
i
i
(1 2 )
1
~
1
1
( 12)
( 12)
1

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS

_
-

-

13
~
82
3
~
79
4
1
2
1

3
(1 2 )
2
(1 2 )
2
3
2
(1 2 )
6
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
77
77
-

-»
-»
-»
-»
-i
-T
I
I
-1
95
T
95
-

-

-

-

1
-

3
2
2
1
1
3

3 9 .8

I
->
5
-»
-I
I

3 9 .6

-

_
-

-

-

2
2
27
( 12)
3
( 1 2)
68
( 1 2)
( 1 2)
67
-

100

100

_

_

-

-

-

-

9

91
1
1
88
-

-

3
3
36
(1 2 )
5
(1 2 )
56

61

56

61

39

-

~
-

(1 2 )
(1 2 )

-

(1 2 )
-

_

1

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -----------------

3 9 .7

4 0 .2

See f o o tn o t e a t end o f ta b le s .




17

3 9 .3

3 9 .8

3 9 .0

3 9 .0

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

Ite m
A ll

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

A ll

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS -------------------

100

IN ESTAB LISH M EN TS NOT P R O V ID IN G
P A ID H OLID AYS ----------------------------------------IN ESTAB LISH M EN TS PR O VID IN G
PA ID HOLID AYS -----------------------------------------

5

2

11

-

1

-

1

-

95

98

89

100

99

100

99

100

9 .7

1 1 .0

7 .0

9 .2

8 .8

1 0 .0

8. 1

9 .5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

AVERAGE NUMBER OF P A ID H O LID A YS
FOR WORKERS IN E S T A B LISH M EN TS
PR O VID IN G H OLID A YS ----------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF P A ID H OLID AYS PROVID ED
2
3
A
5
6

HOLID AYS ----------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y S --------------------■ ------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------HOLID AYS ----------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y S -------------------- -------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -------------------------------7 H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF OAYS -------------------------------8 HOLID AYS ----------------------------------------------------9 HOLID AYS ----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ---------------------------------10 H O L I D A Y S ------------------ .------------------------------11

12
13
1A
19

H O L I D A Y S -------------- ---------------------------

PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------------H OLID AYS --------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------ .------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------ .------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------- ---------------------------------

( 12 )

1

1

-

1

-

2

-

-

~

(1 2 )

-

1

1

-

2

-»

-

-

1
-

33

3
-

21

( 12 )

33

1

t 12)

-

(1 2 )

-

5
-

1
-

11
-

8

4
( 12)

1
-

5
(1 2 )

-

12

10

13

10

17

21

1A

3

10

10

32
-

12

( 12)

1

17
-

15

1

9
-

15

1
27
12
-

36
18
-

10

A3
5
-»

23
8

31
21
-

18
( 12 )

71

12

3

4

3

5

1

2

6

2

1
-

2

3

5

~
2
~
-

1

3

s
1

6
<
*

5

-

-

5

99

10

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
P A ID HOLIDAY TIM E P R O VIO ED 13
3 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------A DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------7 DAYS OR M O R E ---------- ---------------------------------8 DAYS OR M O R E ---------- ---------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------11 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------12 DAYS OR M O R E --------•-------------------------------13 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------1A DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------19 OAYS -------------------------------------------------------------

See

footn otes

at end

95

98

88

100

99

100

9 A

98

85

100

99

100

99

100
100

93

98

82

100

99

1G0

99

100

92

98

81

100

98

100

97

100

99

6 A

95

98

87

80

97

AS

97

77

75

96

3A

89

73

63

85

21

80

56

77

59
AA

53

7A

11

A7

A!

65

27

73

25

38

5

2

20
20

11

11
10

-

o f ta b les.




18

8

8

13

5

7

10

5

-7

16

7
6

8

13

-1

-

3A

-

13
13

18
10

1
-

1

A

90

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
P la n t w o rk e rs
Ite m

PERCENT
ALL
IN

F U L L -T IM E

V A C A T IO N S
V A C A TIO N S

PERCENTAGE
OTHER
AM OUNT

OF

NOT

P R O V ID IN G
PAYMENT

PAYMENT

PAYMENT
P A ID

----------------

P R O V ID IN G

------------------------------------

L E N G T H -O F -T IM E

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s

A ll in d u s trie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 12)

100
99
1

100
100

100
100

_

-

2
44
8
6

5
30
9
10

1
52
7
3

-------------

-----------------------

------------------------------------

V A C A T IO N

UNDER 1 WEEK ------------1 W E E K ------- -----------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS

2

-

100
90
8
2

94
86
8

100
100
-

4
22
1

6
27
1

i
12
~
“

18

3
64
2
26

71
7
23

~

2

3
56
3
31
4
i

3
53
4
33
6
2
1
23
64

3 WEEKS ------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS

i
24
4
63
1
4
1

3 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 W E E K -------- -----------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 W E E K S -------•
----------4 W E E K S ------------------OVER 4 ANO UNOER 5 WEEKS

6
4
72
11
1
3
1

5
4
66
16
2
5
2

7
4
82
2

3
3

3
3
70
16

5
4
82
2

1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
UNOER 1 WEEK ------------1 WEEK -------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------3 WEEKS -----------------OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS
2 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------1 W E E K -------- -----------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ------------------ANO

P u b lic u tilit ie s

6

98
89
8
i

1

2

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

A F T E R : 14

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:

OVER

M a nu fa c tu rin g

WORKERS

------------------------------------

E S T A B L IS H M E N T S
PA IO

A U in d ustrie s

WORKERS

E S T A B L IS H M E N T S
PA IO

IN

OF

O ffic e w o rk e r s

UNOER

3

WEEKS

4 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 W E E K --------■
----------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ------------------OVER 2 ANO UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ------------------4 W E E K S ------- -----------OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS

74

11

4

6
2

2

2

3

5

1

2

-

_

22

19

24

_

_

74
4

71
10
~

76

9
(12)
86
1
4
-

10
1
77
2
10
-

4
(12)
88
3
( 12)
4
-

3
1
75
9
i
10
-

i
( 12)
91

( 12)
1
78
9
1
10

_

-

56
_

44
-

-

_

29
“
64
7

28
4
61
2
“

-

93
7
-»

-

“»
93
7

3

(12)
4

2
”

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




39

19

9

12

91

88

_

-

"

-

_

_

4
-

96
-

-

100
-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

98

100
_

_

-

-

-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977— Continued
P la n t w o rk e rs

O ffice w o rk e rs

Ite m
A ll

am o u nt

of

p a id

v a c a t io n

a f t e r

in d u stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic

u tilities

A ll

in d u s trie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

14-

C O NTINUEO
5

YEARS
1

WEEK

OVER
2

OVER
3

3

WEEKS

OVER
10

2

4

YEARS
1

WE E K

OVER
2

12

2
3

WEEKS

OVER
5

4

WEEKS
YEARS

1

W EE K

OVER
2

AND

UND ER

2

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------AND
AND

UNO ER
UNO ER

3
4

WEEKS
WEEKS

—
—

---------------------------------------------AND
OF

UND ER

5

WEEKS

—

AND

1

WEEKS

UN O ER

2

WEEKS

OVER

5
15
1

YEARS
WEEK

3

WEEKS

OVER
5

2

WEEKS

OVER
4

1

WEEKS

OVER
3

4

WEEKS

OVER
2

3

WEEKS

OVER

4

WEEKS

2

i

3

i

i

3

-i

78

69

25

2

9

26

29

9

1

2

3

17
-

25
-

13
-

3

5

-»

9

10

-

2

3

“

“

1

3
7

3
57
2

6

(1 2 )

3

5

-

-------------------------------------------------

1

_

AND

1

1

3

WEEKS

—

UNDER

4

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------UNDER

5

WEEKS

UN D ER

2

WEEKS

—

12

11
2
6 *1

9

_

12
8
3

----------------------------------------------

3

5

OF S E R V I C E :
-------------------------------------------------

1

_

AND

1

1

UNDER

2

WEEKS

WEEKS

—
—

—

---------------------------------------------UNO ER

3

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------UNDER

4

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------UN O ER

5

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------

7

19
-

2
-

(1 2 )

98
-

2

-

7

9
-

9
-

2
-

26

67

39

3

3

52
-

50

62

27

62

37

2

7

60
-

“

4

10

1

.

1

7
-

9
-

9
-

16
-

8
-

21
-

-

61
-

60
-

62
_

92
_

12
_

22
_

2

6

2

2

5

7

~

“

15

5

32

1

32

85

OVER
OVER
5

4

WEEKS

OVER
6

3

WEEKS

5

WEEKS

ANO

UND ER

4

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------AND

UNOER

5

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------AND

UNOER

6

WEEKS

—

----------------------------------------------

-

-»

I

4

_

1
-

32
“

16
~

----------------------------------------------

_

-

16
~

1

WEEKS

“

99

1
1

3

3

1
-

10

i
-

-»

21
-

9

_

—

1

8
-

I

1

WEEKS

_

79
-

1

3

-

4
-

8

UN D ER

1
-

_

22
9

1
29

SE R V IC E :

---------------------------------------------AND

-

64

W E E K ------------------ -----------------------------2

-

13
-

WEEKS

UVER

"

10

7

3
-

WEEKS

1

74

“

5

-

I
-»

(1 2 )
-

4

66

93

3
69

2

UN O ER

-

18

i
-

I

23

i
69

9

OF

95

9

-

1

YEARS

5

73

-

7

3
-

5

UNO ER

----------------------------------------------

AND

25

SE R V IC E :

----------------------------------------------

AND

1

6

—

----------------------------------------------

AND

-

71
-

7

9

UNO ER

2

20

i

90

AND

-

”

18

-

30

i

AND

38

1
15

64

OF

3
-

17

2

AND

97
-

22

61
9

AND

-

1

86
-

3
-

AND

1

(1 2 )

32

92
7

—

----------------------------------------------

O V E R 2 AND UNO ER 3 W E E K S —
3 W E E K S ---------------------------------------------4

2
48

S E R V IC E !

-------------------------------------------------

W E E K S ----------------------------------------------

OVER
4

1

WEEKS

OVER
3

SE R VIC E :

W E E K S --------------- ------------------------------

OVER
4

1

WEEKS

OF

-------------------------------------------------

2

58

1

3

49

3

“»

2

2

19

26

7

8

1

2

7

1
(1 2 )

3

( 12)

-

24
-

_
7

59
-

2
_

_
6

'

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




20

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977— Continued
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

AMOUNT

OF

PAID

A ll in d u s trie s

VACATION

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

1
7
2
12
2
20
2
48
1
3

1
3
3
3
22
2
60
~
5

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

3
16
~
29
~
16
3
25
2
~

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A F T E R 14 -

CO NT INUE D
25

YEARS

OF

WE E K

WEEKS

OVER
3

30

ANO

3
4

ANO

5

1

WE E K
WEEKS

OVER

2

UNDER

3

4

4

WEEKS
WEEKS

—
—

UNDER

6

WEEKS

—

SERVICE!

3

WEE K S

—

UNDER

4

WEEKS

—

UNOER

5

WEEKS

—

---------------------------------------------AND

WEEKS

UNDER

---------------------------------------------AND

5

MAXIMUM

5

---------------------------------------------AND

WEEKS

OVER

UNDER

---------------------------------------------AND

WEEKS

OVER

6

—

------------------------------------------------

WEEKS

OVER

5

WEEKS

---------------------------------------------OF

2

4

3

---------------------------------------------AND

WEEKS
YEARS

3

UNDER

---------------------------------------------AND

WEEKS

OVER
6

------------ ----------------------------

W E E K S ---------------->-----------------------------

OVER
5

2

WEEKS

OVER
4

SERVICE:

------------------------------------------------

1

2

UNOER

6

WEEKS

—

----------------------------------------------

VACATION

AVAILABLE!

1

W E E K ---------------- -------------------------------

2

WEEKS

OVER
3

WEEKS

OVER
4

3

AND

UNOER

3

WEEKS

—

--------------------------------------------ANO

UNOER

4

WEEKS

—

W E E K S ---------------•-----------------------------

OVER
5

2

----------------------------------------------

4

WEEKS

OVER

5

AND

UNDER

5

WEE K S

—

---------------------------------------------AND

UNDER

6

WEE K S

—

6

WEEKS

----------------------------------------------

7

WEEKS

----------------------------------------------

1
7
2
12
2
18
2
27
1
26
1
7
2
12
2
18
2
27
i
26
1

_

1
3
3
3
20
2
28
~
40

_
1
3
3
3
20
2
27
40
1

-»
-»
-»
10
-I
83
7
“>

3
16
29
15
3
26
2
~

I
7
“»
86
7
■*

3
16
29
~
15
3
26
2
*

I
-»

1

7

1

66
7

1
*
1

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




■

21

1
7
(1 2 )
15
40
31

i
9
20
41
30
-

7

3
1
6
38
32
20

1
7
(1 2 )
15
~
39
24
14

_
3
1
6
37
13
40

1
9
20
41
30
-

1
7
(1 2 )
15
~
39

_

1
9
20

23
15

3
1
6
37
12
41

_

41
30
-

2
7
91
-

2
6
92
“

_
2
~
6
92
-

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

PERCENT
ALL
IN

OF

FULL-TIME

--------------

PROVIDING

THE

B E L O W 1 5 ------------------------------------------

BENEFITS

---------------------------------------

NONCONTk IBUTORY
ACCIDENTAL

DEATH

DISMEMBERMENT

PLANS

SICKNESS
OR

AND

SICK

AND

OR

AND

INSURANCE

PLANS

ACCIDENT

LEAVE

SICKNESS

LEAVE

WAITING
SICK

LONG-TERM

-------------------------------------------(FULL

NO

PAY

OR

------------------------------

PLANS

PLANS

INSURANCE

NONCONTRIBUTORY
INSURANCE

-----------------

-------------------------------PLANS

-----------------

INSURANCE

-----------------

NONCONTk IBUTORY
INSURANCE

PLANS

PENSION

NONCONTRIBUTORY

-----------------

-----------------------------------

NONCONTKIBUTORY
RETIREMENT

-------

-----------------

-----------------------------PLANS

NONCONTRIBUTORY
MEDICAL

-----------------

INSURANCE

NONCONTKIBUTORY

DENTAL

------------

-------------------------------------------------

HOSPITALIZATION

MAJOR

AND

------------------------------

(PARTIAL

PERIO D)

NONCONTKIBUTORY

MEDICAL

PLANS
PAY

DISABILITY

INSURANCE

SURGICAL

INSURANCE

ACCIDENT

PERIO D)

LEAVE

WAITING

-----------------------------

B O T H 16 -----------------

NONCONTKIBUTORY
SICK

-----------------

INSURANCE

NONCONTRIBUTORY

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M a n u f a c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

AT

ON E

SHOWN

INSURANCE

M a n u fa c tu rin g

UORKERS

LEAST

LIFE

OF

A ll in d u s trie s

UORKERS

ESTABLISHMENTS

O ffic e w o r k e r s

PLANS

------------------

-----------------------------PLANS

-----------------

96

100

88

100

99

100

98

100

94
81

100
99

82
56

100
69

97
78

99
89

96
71

100
87

79
67

81
76

59
49

97
67

79
57

83
73

69
48

97
89

83

96

59

72

85

94

79

95

67
59

87
81

29
15

26
22

35
30

63
58

19
15

11
9

26

31

17

6

61

65

59

37

12

5

26

99

19

13

19

50

26
22

26
29

25
17

36
36

59
97

93
31

60
55

98
98

95
79

100
87

85
49

100
93

99
58

100
89

98
99

100
96

95
79

100
87

85
49

100
93

99
58

100
84

98
44

100
96

92
73

99
86

79
97

100
93

98
58

99
83

97
99

100
96

76
58

80
66

69
91

100
93

93
55

99
77

93
93

100
96

25
23

31
30

12
11

98
98

21
19

24
19

20
19

70
70

89
65

95
72

62
50

72
95

78
69

86
63

73
65

65
53

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




22

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Louisville, Ky. —Ind., November 1977
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s t r ie s

Ite m
A ll

TYPE

ALL

FULL-TIM E

FLAT-SUM

OF

AMOUNT

OF
OF

ARE

AND

A ll

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y

A ll

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p l a n s 17

A ll

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

INSURANCE

WORKERS

DOLLAR

PE RCE NT

PLAN

OF

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y

p l a n s 17

AMOUNT

PROVIDED

THE

SA ME

AMOUNT:

ALL

FU LL-TIM E

INSURANCE

W O R K E R S 1 8 ----------------------------

A3

38

46

4 3

24

17

25

22

$7 16 00

*7.900

*8.500

*8.800

$6,400

*6.200

*6.300

*6.500

P R O V I D E D : 19

M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------- -------------M E D I A N -------------------------------------------------------- -- --------------

*6.000

*6.500

*8.000

18.000

*6.000

*5.000

*5.000

MIDDLE

OF

WHICH

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*4 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

*4 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

45.00C-.10.000

*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

*4 .0 0 0 -

8.000

*4 .0 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

* 4 » 0 0 C-»

RANGE

(8 0

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*2 .0 0 0 -16 .0 0 0

*2 .0 0 0 -16 .0 0 0

13.00C-.20.000

*2.5 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

*2.0 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

*2 .0 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

* 2 . 5 0 0-. 1 0 . 0 0 0

INSURANCE

INDICATES

INSURANCE

FOR

PERCENT
AMOUNT
6

(5 0

MIDDLE

AMOUNT

RANUE

OF
OF

A

A

IS

BASED

SPECIF IE D

ALL

ON

SPECIF IE D

AMOUNT

OF

OF
3

*<t . 2 0 0
*5.000

*3.600
*2.000

MIDDLE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*1 .0 0 0 -

6.500

* 1 .0 0 0 -

6.500

MIDDLE

RANGE

(8 0

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*1 .0 0 0 -

6.500

* 1 .0 0 0 -

6.500

OF

2

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6 >

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6 >

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

3

1

1

1

1

P R O V I D E D 19 A F T E R :

M O N T H S OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

YEAR

8.000

*2.5 0 0 -11 .5 0 0

SERVICE:

W O R K E R S 1 8 ----------------------------

M E D I A N -------------------------------------- ----------------- ----------------

1

*8.000
*5 .0 0 0 -

SCHEDULE

D OLLAR

LENGTH

FULL-TIM E

INSURANCE

A

8.000

(6)

(6 )

*4.300

( 6 )

(6 )

SERVICE!

MEAN

— -------------------------------------------------------------------------

* A * 4 00

*4.100

*5.600

(6 )

*5.000

(6 )

*4.000
*5.000

*2.500

MEDIAN

(6)

(6 )

RANGE

(5 0

PERCENT)

----------- --------------

*2 .0 0 0 -

5.000

*1 .5 0 0 -

6.500

S5.00C-.

6.500

(6 )

$3,000-

5.000

*2 .0 0 0 -

3.000

(6)

(6 )

MIDDLE
5

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDOLE

RANGE

(8 0

PERCENT)

------------- •-----------

*1 .5 0 0 -

6.500

*1 .5 0 0 -

6.50Q

*5.000-.

6.500

(6 )

*2 .0 0 0 -

5.000

*2 .0 0 0 -

3.000

(6)

(6 )

y e a r s

of

s e r v i c e

MEAN

*5.000

*5 .000

:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*6.100

*4.800

*5.900

(6 )

*5.000

(6 )

MEDIAN

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDDLE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

--------------------------

$5 10 0 0 — 7 t 0 0 0

S2 t 500-

7 10 0 Q

* 5 * 0 0 C-»

7.000

(6 )

MIDOLE
10

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

--------------------------

$2 t 5 0 0 - l O t 000

S2 t 500“

7*0 00

*5»00C->

7.000

(6 )

YEA RS

OF

*5.000

*5.000

M E D I A N ------------------------------------------------------- ----------------

$7,200
*7.500

*5 .600
*7.500

MIDDLE

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*5 .0 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

*2 .5 0 0 -

7.50Q

MIDDLE

RANGE

(8 0

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*2.5 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

*2 .5 0 0 -

7.500

Y E A R S OF
MEAN

*7.300
*5.000
*5 .0 00-10.000
$5 t 0 0 0 - 10t 000

*4.800

(6)

(6 )

*5.000

(6)
(6 >

(6 )

5.000
5.000

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 >

*5 .0 0 0 *5 .0 0 0 -

SERVICE:
— -------------------------------------- -. -------------- ----------------

*7.600

*6.300

*8.100
*7.500
17.50C-. 7 .5 0 0
17.5 0 C -.1 0 .0 00
*8.900

(6 )

*8.500

*6.300

(6 )

*10.000

(6 )

*7 .5 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 -

7.500

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

*5.0 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

* 5 .0 0 0 -

7.500

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

18.500

*7.500

(6 )
(6 >

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

(6 >

(6 )

110.000

(5 0

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*5 .0 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

*7.500
*2 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

41G .0 00

RANGE

*7.5 0C-*10»U00

(6 )

*7.5 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

*5 .0 0 0 -

7.500

MIDOLE

RANGE

(8 0

PERCENT)

--------------------------

*2.5 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

*2 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 7 . 5 0 C -ilO .000

(6 )

*5.0 0 0 -10 .0 0 0

*5 .0 0 0 -

7.500

fo o tn o te s

at end

o f ta b le s .




23

(6 >

*6.300

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDDLE

*10.000

(6)

*7.500

MEDIAN

See

(6 >

SERVICE:

M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

20

*3.000

(6 >

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Louisville, Ky.—Ind., November 1977— Continued
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e
M a n u fa c t u r in g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

w o rk ers

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

Ite m
A ll

TYPE
OF

AMOUNT

OF

WHICH

OF

INSURANCE
FOR

PE RCE NT
AMOUNT

OF
OF

ANNUAL

ANO

A

IS

A

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y

A ll

A ll

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

p l a n s 17

12

i i

29

28

BASED

ALL

ON

FU LL-TIM E

INSURANCE

A

SCHEDULE

D OLLAR

AMOUNT

AMOUNT

OF

OF

EARNINGS:

W O R K E R S 1 8 ----------- ---------

20

ARE

*10.200

M E D I A N -------------------------------------------------------- --------RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

-------------------

MIDDLE

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

------------------

MEAN

ARE

*11.000
$5 . 0 0 0 - 1 2 . 5 0 0

*5 .0 0 0 -12 .5 0 0

22

*1 1.200
*12.500
* 1 0 . OOC— 1 2 . 5 0 0
* 1 0 . 0 0 C-i 1 2 . 5 0 0

*11.900
*12.500

*10.800
*8.500

*10.800
*8.500

*11,000
*8.500

*11.100
*8,500

*10 .0 0 0-1 2 .5 00

*7.5 0 0 -11 .0 0 0

*7 .5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

* 7 . 5 0 O' * 1 2 . 5 0 0

*7 .5 0 0 -1 2 ,5 0 0

*1 0 .0 0 0-1 2 .5 00

*5 .0 0 0 -1 2 ,5 0 0

*5 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

* 5 , 0 0 C-» 1 2 , 5 0 0

* 5 » 0 0 0 - 12,500

*10 ,0 0 0:
*13.800
*12.500

RANGE

MIDDLE

*12.500
*10.0 0 0-1 2 .5 00

— ------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDDLE

*10 .900

* 10 . 0 0 0 - 1 2 . 5 0 0

ME0 I A N -------------------------------------------------------- -- ------RANGE

EARNINGS

23

*5 ,0 0 0 :

M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------

EARNINGS

17

PROVID ED19I F !

MIDDLE

ANNUAL

N o n e o n tr ib u to r y

AMOUNT

SPECIF IE D

SPECIF IE D

EARNINGS

ANNUAL

A ll

p l a n s 17

INSURANCE-CONTINUED

INDICATES

INSURANCE

PLAN

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y

p l a n s 17

(50

PERCENT)

-------------------

(80

ARE

PERCENT)

-------------------

*12
* 10

*13.900

*19.300

*19.900

*12.500

*19.600

$19,900

*19,500

.500-12.500

S12.50C-.20.000

*1 2 .5 0 0-2 0 .0 00

*10 .0 0 0-2 0 .0 00

$12,500
*1 0 ,0 0 0-2 0 .0 00

*12.500
tlO.OOG-.20.000

*10,0 0 0-2 0 .0 00

.000-20.000

*10.0 0 0-2 0 .0 00

J12.50C-.20.000

*1 2 .5 0 0-2 0 .0 00

*1 0 .0 0 0-2 0 .0 00

*10 ,0 0 0-2 0 .0 00

*10.00C-.20.000

*10.0 0 0-2 0 .0 00

*12.500

*12.500

*12.500

*19.600

*12.5 0 0-2 0 .0 00

*12,500

*15 .0 0 0:

M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------

*18.800

* 19.600
*16.500

* 2 C . 100

*20.300
*17.000

$21,200
*17.000

*21*900
*17.000

*21,000
*17,000

*21,200
*17.000

MEDIAN

RANGE

(50

PERCENT)

------------------

*15 .0 00 -1 7 .00 0

*16.5 0 0-3 0 .0 00

*16.500
tl6.50C -.30.000

*16 .5 0 0-3 0 ,0 00

* 15.000-30.000

*15 .0 0 0-3 0 .0 00

*15,OOC-i3C.OOO

*15 .0 0 0-3 0 .0 00

MIDDLE
ANNUAL

------------------------------------------------------------------

MIDDLE

RANGE

(60

PERCENT)

-------------------

» 12

*15 .000-30.000

S16.50C -30.000

*1 6 .5 0 0-3 0 .0 00

* 12 , 5 0 0 - 3 0 . 0 0 0

*1 5 .0 0 0-3 0 .0 00

tl5.O0C-.30.000

*15,0 0 0-3 0 ,0 00

EARNINGS

ARE

*16.500

*20.0001
$ 24 t 6 0 0

M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N -----------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE

OF

ANNUAL

RANGE

(50

P E R C E N T ) ----------- -- —

MIDDLE

A MOUNT

RANGE

(80

PERCENT)

INSURANCE

IS

.500-30.000

EXPRESSED

AS

A

----------- - —

FACTOR

*22.000

*20
*12

*26.100
*22.000

*27.700
$22*500

$28 »000
$22*500

*27,900
*22,500

*27.600
*22,500

*22.000
S22.00C-.90.000

*2 2 .0 0 0-9 0 ,0 00

*20 ,0 0 0-9 0 ,0 00

*20 .0 0 0-9 0 .0 00

*20.00C->90,000

*20,0 0 0-9 0 ,0 00

. 5 0 0 - 9 0 .0 0 0

*20.0 0 0-9 0 .0 00

* 2 2 . 0 0 C-.90. 000

*22 .0 0 0-9 0 .0 00

* 12.500-90,000

*1 5 ,0 0 0-9 0 ,0 00

*2 0 .0 0 0-9 0 .0 00

*20 ,0 00-90,000

OF
25

29

1.71

1.83

1.85

1.79

1.78

1.79

1.76

(6)

(6)

(6 )

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

21

20

M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.70

MEDIAN

FACTOR

(6 )

OF
OF

AMOUNT

ALL

FU LL-TIM E

ANNUAL
OF

MIDDLE

PLANS

OF
NOT

INSURANCE
PE RCE NT
PLANS

OF

EARNINGS

USED

TO

ALL

RANGE

31

30

A

------------- — —

( 6 )

(6 )

(6 )

1.00 -2 .0 0

1 .00 -2 .0 0

1.5C-.2.0 0

1 .5 0 -2 .0 0

PERCENT)

(80

(6 )

----------- — —

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6 )

1 .00 -2 .5 0

1.00 -2 .5 0

1 . 0 C- >2. 0 0

1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

25

29

WORKERS

COVEREO

MAXIMUM

AMOUNT

BY
OF

----------------------------------------------------------------------------ALL

FU LL-TIM E
A

WORKERS

MAXIMUM

COVERED

AMOUNT

----------------------------------------------------------------------------MAXIMUM

AMOUNT

OF

20

20

(12 )

(12)

(6 )

(6)

MEDIAN

-------------------------------------------------------------------

(6 )

_

(50

PERCENT)

--------------------

(6 )

(6)

MIDDLE

RANGE

(60

PERCENT)

------------- —

(6 )

BASED

ON

S OME

31

30

OTHER

*67.900

6

-

_

*67.900

*50,000
-

->

*50.000

I

-

*50.0 0 0-1 0 0 .00 0

I

-

*5 0 .0 0 0-1 0 0 .00 0

(6)

IS

28

*50 .0 0 0-1 0 0 .00 0

(6)

RANGE

6

-

I N S U R A N C E : 19

MIDDLE

INSURANCE

30

BY

OF

M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------

OF

39

PERCENT)

(50

RANGE

FULL-TIME

SPECIF YING

SPECIF IE D

p l a n

36

CALCULATE

-------------------------------------------------------------------

SPECIFYIN G

INSURANCE

W O R K E R S 1 8 -----------------------

I N S U R A N C E : 19 20

MIDDLE
PERCENT

OF

$27*000
$22*500

*22.0 0 0-9 0 .0 00

E A R N I N G S ! 20

PERCENT

A MOUNT

$26*800

.000-22.500

*50.0 0 0-1 0 0 ,00 0

TYPE

:

PE RCE NT

OF

ALL

FU LL-TIM E

W O R K E R S 1 8 ----------------------

6

3

3

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




24

2

29

15

13

9

Footnotes
S o m e o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y not a p p l y to th is b u lle tin .

14 In c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e
o f an n ua l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s
pay.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e ­
f l e c t i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o ­
p o r t i o n s at 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim ates
a r e cum u lative.
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r a t l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay
a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r f e w e r
ye a rs of s e rv ic e .
15 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h ic h
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r .
"N on con trib u tory
p l a n s " i n c lu d e o n ly t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
E xclu d ed a r e
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1
6 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e shown s e p a r a t e ly b elo w .
S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay
that e a c h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t .
In fo r m a l sick le a v e a llow an ces d eterm in e d
on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
1
7 E s t i m a t e s u n d e r " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to a l l plan s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t
a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r .
E s t im a t e s under "N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
18 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a l l f u l l - t i m e p lant w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e q u a l 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " a l l f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s o r
o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g e q u a l 100 p e r c e n t .
19 T h e m e a n a m o u n t is c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
p r o v i d e d i n s u r a n c e b y th e a m o u n t o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , t o t a l i n g the p r o d ­
u c t s , and d i v i d i n g the s u m b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m edia n indicates
that h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l t o o r s m a l l e r and h a lf
an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r l a r g e r than the a m o u n t shown.
M i d d l e r a n g e (50 p e r ­
c e n t ) ----a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an am o u n t e q u a l to o r l e s s than
th e s m a l l e r a m o u n t and a f o u r t h a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e qua l t o o r m o r e
than the l a r g e r a m o u n t.
M i d d l e r a n g e (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r am o u n t and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an a m o u n t e q u a l to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r am ou n t.
20 A f a c t o r o f annua l e a r n i n g s is the n u m b e r b y w h i c h annual e a r n i n g s
a r e m u l t i p l i e d t o d e t e r m i n e the a m o u n t o f i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d .
F o r exam p le,
a f a c t o r o f 2 i n d i c a t e s that f o r annua l e a r n i n g s o f $ 10 ,0 0 0 the a m o u n t o f
i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d is $ 20 , 000.

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f
a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m edia n d e s i g ­
n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a l f r e ­
c e i v e th e s a m e o r l e s s than the r a t e sho w n.
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is d e f i n e d
b y t w o r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e than the
h ig h e r rate.
3
E a r n i n g s d ata r e l a t e o n l y t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n w a s
p r o v i d e d b y th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r t o 1976 r e l a t e t o m e n o n l y f o r
s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e and u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A l l other e s tim a te s r e ­
l a t e t o m e n an d w o m e n .
6
D a t a do not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a o r d ata not a v a i l a b l e .
7
F o r m a l l y esta b lish ed m in im u m r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e hiring s a l ­
a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
8 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such a s m e s s e n g e r .
9
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
10 In c l u d e s a l l plan t w o r k e r s
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t ­
ing l a t e s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e
s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e
shifts.
1
1 L e s s than 0.0 5 p e r c e n t .
12 L e s s th an 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1
3 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s th a t add t o the s a m e a m o u n t
a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f
10 d a y s in c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h 10 f u l l d a y s and no h a l f d a y s , 9 f u l l d a y s and
2 h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e r e cum u lated.




25




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on a r e a w a g e s and r e l a te d benefits a r e obtained by p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B ure au f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In each o f the
i n ter v e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo ym e n t and occupational e arnings is
c o l l e c t e d by a com bination o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s tio n n a ire , and tele phone
i n t e r v i e w f r o m es tab li s h m en ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u r ve y .
In each o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e obtained f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e es tab lis hm en ts within six b ro ad in d ustr y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c ­
turing; t r a n s p o r ta t io n , com m u n ic atio n , and other public u ti l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e
tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin an ce, in s u ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
industry gro ups excluded f r o m th es e studies a r e g o v e rn m e n t op e r a tion s and
the c on structio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s tr ie s .
E s tab lis h m en ts ha ving f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d number o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d beca u s e of ins uffic ie nt e m p l o y ­
ment in the occup ations studied.
S e p arate tabulation s a r e p ro v i d e d f o r each
o f the bro ad industr y d iv is io n s which m e e t pub li cation c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a s am ple b asis .
The sam plin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o lv e d etail ed s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all e s tab li s h m en ts within the
scop e o f an in dividual a r e a s u r v e y by indus try and nu mber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s am ple is s e l e c t e d , with each
e sta b li shm en t having a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain op tim um
a c c u r a c y at m i n im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
ments is s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e c om b in e d , each e sta b lis hm en t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b i l i ty o f s e l e c ti o n , so that unbiased e s t im a te s a r e
g en e rated .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f fou r es tab lis hm en ts is s e l e c t e d , it is
g ive n a w eig ht o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th r e e oth e rs .
An a lte r n a t e of
the s am e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ility is chosen in the s am e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
cation i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l sam ple m e m b e r .
If no
suitable substitute is a v a ila b le , addition al w eig ht is assign ed to a sam ple
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
Occupations and earnings
O ccupation s s e le c te d f o r study a r e c om m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu rin g and no nm anufacturing in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p es :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ica l; (3) m ainte n ance, t o o l r o o m ,
and p ow e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and custodial.
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is based on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig ned to take
account o f i n ter e s ta b lis h m en t v a r i a ti o n in duties within the s am e job.
O ccupation s s e l e c te d f o r study a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.

U n less o t h e r w i s e ind icated , the e arnin gs data fo llo w in g the job t i tle s
a r e f o r a ll ind ustries com b in ed .
E arn in g s data f o r s om e o f the occupations
li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e industr y d iv is io n s within the scope of the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s because eith er (1) e m p l o y ­
ment in the occupation is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
tation, o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f individual esta blishm en t
data.
Separate m e n 's and w o m e n 's earnings data a r e not pre s e nte d when the
number o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by s e x is 20 pe rc e n t o r m o r e o f the men
o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an occup ation.
E arn in g s data not shown s e p a ra t e ly
f o r industr y d iv is io n s a r e included in data f o r a l l industr ies com bined.
L i k e w i s e , f o r occupations w ith m o r e than one l e v e l , data a r e included in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is not shown o r inform ation
to s u b c la s s if y is not a v a ila b le .
O ccupation al e m p lo ym e n t and earnings data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k l y schedule.
E ar ning s
data exclude p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts.
N onproduction bonuses a r e excluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tive bonuses a r e included.
W e e k ly hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l occupations r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (rou nded to the n e a r e s t ha lf hour) f o r which e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y earnings fo r th es e occupations
a r e rounded to the n e a r e s t half d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l lines within the distrib ution
o f w o r k e r s on som e A - t a b l e s indic ate a change in the s i z e o f the c las s
in tervals.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f occup ational earnin gs in an are a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f individual occup ational a v e r a g e s o v e r
ti m e m a y not r e f l e c t exp ecte d w ag e chan ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in dividual
jobs a r e a f f e c t e d by changes in w a g e s and e m p loym ent patterns. F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo ye d by hig h- o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m ay change,
or h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e tte r jobs and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p lo ym e n t could d e c r e a s e an
occupational a v e r a g e even though m os t e s tab lishm en ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s during the y e a r .
Changes in earnings o f occupational gro ups, shown in
ta b le A - 7 , a r e b e tte r i n d ic a to rs o f w a g e tr end s than a r e earnin gs changes f o r
individual jobs with in the gro ups.

A v e r a g e earnings r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s tim a te s .
Ind ustr ie s
1
Includ ed in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under c o n tra c t. These areas are
and es tab lis h m en ts d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and job s ta ffing, and thus con tribute
A k ro n , O h io ; B irm in g h a m , A la .; N o rfo lk -V irg in ia Beach—Portsm outh and N ew port News—H a m p to n, V a .—N .C .;
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s tim a te s f o r each job.
P a y a v e r a g e s m ay f a i l to r e f l e c t
and Syracuse, N .Y . In a d d itio n , the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area studies in a p p ro xim a te ly 100 areas
a t the request o f the E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f th e U. S. D e p artm e n t o f Labor.
a c c u r a te l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l among jobs in individual e s tab lishm en ts.




A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e l e c te d occ up ations
should not be as s u m ed to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s within
individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s which m a y con trib ute to d i f f e r e n c e s
include p r o g r e s s i o n within e s ta b lis h e d r ate ra nges (on ly the rate s paid
incumbents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties within the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job d e s c r i p ti o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s
in th es e s u r v e y s u suall y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used in individual
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s tab li s h m en ts in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
Occupation al e m p lo ym e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the to tal in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts within the scope o f the study and not the number ac tu all y s u r ve y e d .
B ec a u se occup atio nal s tr u c tu r e s amon g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s tim a te s of
occup atio nal e m p lo ym e n t obtained f r o m the s am ple o f e s tab li s h m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in dicate the r e l a t i v e i m p o rt a n c e o f the jobs studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in occup atio nal s tru c tu re do not affe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e arn in g s data.

W a g e tre nd s f o r s e l e c t e d occup atio nal groups
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in tab le A - 7 a r e b ased on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f men and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m en ts r e p o r ti n g
the tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r re n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m atc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data a r e adjuste d to r e m o v e the e ffe c t on a v e r a g e e arnings o f e m p l o y ­
ment shifts amon g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m en ts included
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s ot h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s tab lis h m en t a v e r a g e f o r an occupation when w o r k e r s a r e paid
under plans p r o v i d i n g a ra n g e of w a g e r ate s f o r in dividual job s .
In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r in g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s m a y ente r at the bott om
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a change in w age r a te s .
The p e r c e n t changes r e l a t e to w a g e changes b etw een the indicated
d ate s.
When the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is oth e r than 12 m onths, annual
ra te s a r e shown.
(It is as s u m ed that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
Occupations used to c om p ute w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, gen era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p ists, classes
A and B
F ile c lerk s, classes A ,
B, and C
M essengers
Sw itchb oard o p e r a t o r s 2

O rder c le rk s , classes
A and B
Ac c oun tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
operators, class B
P a y ro ll clerks
Keypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

In 1977, sw itchboard operators are in clu d ed in the wage tre nd c o m p u ta tio n fo r a ll except the fo llo w in g
areas: C a n to n , C h ic a g o , C in c in n a ti, D avenport—R oc k Is la n d -M o lin e , H o uston , H u n ts v ille , Jackson, N ew O rleans,
P o rtla n d (O re g on ), P ro v id e n c e -W a rw ic k —P a w tu c ke t, R ic h m o n d , San A n to n io , S e a ttle —E v e re tt, South Bend,
and W ic h ita .




E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k il le d m ainte nan ce

C om p u te r s y s te m s
an alys ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C om p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C om pu te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

Carpenters
E lectricia n s
P a int e r s
M a c h in ists
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h i n e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s

In d u s tria l nurses

U n sk ille d plant

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr ial
nu rses

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t changes f o r
as f o l l o w s :

individual a r e a s

in the p r o g r a m a r e computed

1.

A v e r a g e e arning s a r e com pute d f o r each occupation for
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a r e d .
The a v era ges are derived
f r o m e arning s in th ose e s ta b lis h m en ts which a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m ed that e m p lo ym e n t
r e m a in s unchanged.

2.

Each occup ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t based on its
p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the occup atio nal gro up in
the base y e a r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to com pute gro up a v e r a g e s .
Each occ u p atio n's a v e r a g e e arnin gs (com pute d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t.
The p ro d ucts a r e tota led
to obtain a gro up a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e ra tio o f gro up a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com pute d by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r re n t y ea r
by the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e res u lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the met hod used to com pute
th es e w a g e t r e n d s , s ee " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M onth ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
The in c id e n c e o f s e l e c t e d es tab lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and s up p le m enta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is studied f o r f u l l - t i m e plant w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
Plant w o r k e r s include n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s
engaged in n o n o ffic e functions.
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and route w o r k e r s a r e
exc luded in m anufactu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but included in nonm anufacturin g
in d u s tr ie s .)
O f f i c e w o r k e r s include n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o rk in g
s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu nctions.
L e a d w o r k e r s and
t r a i n e e s a r e included am ong n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u ­
t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l and p a r t - t i m e e m p lo y e e s as w e l l as c on struction w o r k e r s
u ti l i z e d as s e p a ra t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e exc luded f r o m both the plant and o f f i c e
w o rk e r categories.
M i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s (tab le B - l ) . M i n i m u m entr ance s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e on ly to the e s ta b lis h m en ts v i s i t e d .
B ec au se o f the
op tim um sam pli n g te chniq ues used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m en ts to have f o r m a l e ntr an ce

r ate s ab ove the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s ta b lis h m en ts .
( T h e " X ' s " shown under standard
w e e k l y hours indicate that no m ea nin gful tota ls a r e a p p lic ab le .)
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s --- manufactu ring (t ab le B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m an ufactu ring e s tab li s h m en ts r e g a r d i n g pay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
plant w o r k e r s on late shifts .
E s ta b lis h m en ts c o n s i d e r e d as having p o l i c i e s
a r e th ose which (1) ha ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the op e r a tio n o f late
shifts , o r (2) have o p e r a te d late shifts at any ti m e during the 12 months
preceding a survey.
When es tab li s hm en ts have s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s which
v a r y by job, the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap plying to the m a j o r i t y of the plant w o r k e r s is
recorded.
When es tab lis h m en ts ha ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s wh ich apply only to c e r ta i n
hours o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l applyin g to the m a j o r i t y of the shift hours is
recorded.
F o r p urposes o f this study, a la te shift is e ith e r a second (e ven ing )
shift wh ich ends at o r n e a r midnight o r a th ird (night) shift which s ta rts at or
n e ar m idnight.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r second and th ir d shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e stab li shm en t p o l i c i e s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by
a l l plant w o r k e r s in the es tab li s h m en t at the t i m e o f the s u rve y ) and (2)
e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by plant
w o r k e r s e m p lo ye d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ).
Scheduled w e e k l y hours; paid h o li d ays ; paid vacatio ns; and health,
in s u ran ce , and pension p l a n s .
P r o v i s i o n s which apply to a m a j o r i t y o f the
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an es tab li s h m en t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to apply to all
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the es tab li s h m en t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n is
c o n s i d e r e d nonexisten t when it ap plie s to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v acations; and health, in s u ran ce , and pensio n plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d ap p lic a b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the benefits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w i l l e ven tuall y b e c o m e e l i g i b l e .
Scheduled w e e k l y hours and days (table B - 3 ) . Scheduled w e e k l y
hours and days r e f e r to the nu mber o f hours and days p e r w e e k which f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (day) s h i f t w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r p a i d f o r at
s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r ate s.
P a id ho lid ays (table B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e included only i f th ey a r e
gra nte d annually on a f o r m a l basis (p r o v i d e d f o r in w r itte n f o r m o r e s t a b ­
lis he d by c ustom ).
T h e y a r e included even though in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r
they f a l l on a nonwork day and e m p l o y e e s a r e not grante d an oth er day off.
E m p l o y e e s m a y be paid f o r the t i m e o f f o r m a y r e c e i v e p r e m i u m pay in
lie u o f t i m e off.
Data a r e tabulated to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e granted
s p e c i f i c nu m b ers o f w h ole and ha lf holid ays and (2) a r e gran te d s p e c i f i e d
amounts o f to tal holi d ay t i m e (w h ole and ha lf ho lidays a r e a g g r e g a t e d ) .
P a id vac atio n s (t ab le B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m en ts r e p o rt t h e i r m et hod of
c alculatin g v ac atio n pay ( t i m e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , etc.) and the amount o f va cation p ay grante d.
Only b asic f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a tio n bon us es, v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans, and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e nefit s beyond b as ic plans a r e excluded.
F o r tabulating vacatio n pay g ran ted , a l l p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s is .
V a c a tio n pay calc ula te d on other than a t i m e b asis is
c o n v e r te d to its equ ivalent t i m e p e r io d .
T w o p e rc e n t of annual earn in g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is ta bulated as 1 w e e k 's v ac atio n pay.
A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f te r each s p e c i f i e d leng th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e la te d
to a ll plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e stab li shm en t r e g a r d l e s s o f leng th o f




service.
V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r amount o f va cation
pay as s e r v i c e length ens. Counts o f plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length of
s e r v i c e w e r e not obtained.
T h e tabulations o f va cation pay gran te d p re s e n t,
t h e r e f o r e , s ta tis tic a l m e a s u r e s o f th es e p r o v i s i o n s r a th e r than p ro p o r tio n s
o f w o r k e r s actu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e ne fit s .
Health , ins u ran ce , and pension plans (tab le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) . H ealth ,
insuran ce, and pensio n plans include plans f o r which the e m p l o y e r pays
e ith e r all o r part o f the cos t.
The cost m a y be (1) un derw ritten by a
c o m m e r c i a l insuran ce com pany o r n o n p rofit o r g a n i z a ti o n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to which the e m p l o y e r has con trib uted , or (3) bor ne d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund set as id e to c o v e r the cost.
A plan is included even though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p lo y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
ment do not cho os e to p a r ti c i p a te in it b ecause th ey a r e r e q u ire d to b ear
part o f its cost ( p r o v i d e d the c h o ic e to p a r ti c i p a te is a v a ila b le o r w i l l
e ven tually b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c om p en sation , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b i l i ty insuran ce 3 a r e excluded.
L i f e insuran ce includes f o r m a l plans p r o v id in g indemnity (u sually
through an insurance p o lic y ) in c a s e of death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n fo r m a tio n is als o p ro v i d e d in tab le B - 7 on ty pes o f l i f e insuran ce plans
and the amount o f c o v e r a g e in all in d u s trie s com b ined and in manufac turin g.
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t is l i m i t e d to plans which
p r o v i d e benefit payments in c as e o f death o r lo s s o f lim b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r es u lt o f an accid en t.
Sickness and accid en t insurance includes only th ose plans which
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h paym ents be m ade d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k beca u s e o f i l ln e s s o r in ju ry , e .g ., $50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b ility .
Sick l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 whic h p r o v i d e fo r
continuing an e m p l o y e e ' s pay during ab sence f r o m w o r k beca us e o f il l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d distinguis h b etw een (1) plans which p r o v i d e full pay with no
w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) plans which e ith e r p r o v i d e p a r ti a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w ait ing p e r i o d .

3 T e m p o ra ry d is a b ility insurance w h ic h provides benefits to covered worirers disabled by in ju ry o r illness
w h ic h is n o t w o rk -c o n n e c te d is m and a to ry under S ta te laws in C a lifo rn ia , N ew Jersey, N e w Y o rk , and Rhode
Island. E sta b lish m en t plans w h ic h m e e t o n ly th e le g a l requirem ents are excluded fro m these data, but those
under w h ic h (1) em ployers c on trib u te m ore th a n is le g a lly required o r (2 ) b enefits exceed those spe c ifie d in the
S ta te la w are in clu d ed . In Rhode Island, benefits are paid o u t o f a S ta te fund to w h ic h o n ly em ployees
c o n trib u te . In each o f the o th e r th ree States, benefits are paid e ith e r fro m a State fund o r through a p riva te plan.
S ta te fund fin a n c in g : In C a lifo rn ia , o n ly em ployees c o n trib u te to the S ta te fund; in N ew Jersey,
em ployees and em ployers c o n trib u te ; in N ew Y o rk , em ployees c o n trib u te up to a sp e c ifie d m a x im u m
and em ployers pay the d iffe re nc e betw een th e em ployees' share and th e to ta l c o n trib u tio n required.
P riv a te p la n fin a n c in g : In C a lifo rn ia and N ew Jersey, em ployees c an n ot be required to c on trib u te
m ore th a n th e y w o u ld i f th e y w e re covered by the S ta te fund; in N ew Y o rk , em ployees can agree
to c o n trib u te m ore i f the State rules th a t the a d d itio n a l c o n trib u tio n is com m ensurate w ith the
b e n e fit provided.
F ed e ral le g is la tio n (R a ilro a d U n e m p lo ym e n t Insurance . A c t) provides te m p o ra ry d is a b ility insurance
b e ne fits to ra ilro a d w orkers fo r illn e ss or in ju ry , w h e th e r w o rk -c o n n e c te d or n o t. T h e le g is la tio n requires
th a t em ployers bear th e e n tire cost o f the insurance.
4 A n e sta b lishm e n t is considered as h avin g a fo rm a l p la n i f i t specifies a t le ast the m in im u m num ber
o f days o f sick le a ve a v a ila b le to each e m p lo ye e . Such a p la n need n ot be w ritte n , but in fo rm a l sick le ave
a llow ances d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l basis are excluded.

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to t o t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon th e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k l e a v e a n d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p ic a lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n t il th e end o f th e d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x im u m age, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tire m e n t b en e fits.
F u ll o r p a rtia l p a y ­
m ents a r e alm ost alw ays redu ced by s o c ia l s e c u rity , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility
c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

Labor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p la n t and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e L o u i s v i l l e a r e a in w h i c h
a un io n c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f th e w o r k e r s in th e
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , N o v e m b e r 1977:
P lan t w o r k e r s

H o sp ita liza tio n ,
s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l
i n s u r a n c e p la n s r e p o r t e d
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p i t a l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o th er h osp ita l exp en ses.
S u rg ica l in su ran ce c o v e r s s u rg e o n s ' fe e s .
M ed ica l
in su ra n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e, o f f i c e , o r hosp ita l c a lls .
Plans
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m i n o r
a i l m e n t s at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d ic a l insurance.
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e a p p l i e s to s e r v i c e s w h i c h go
beyond the b a s ic
services
c o v e r e d under h o s p ita liza tio n ,
su rgic a l,
and
m e d ic a l in su ran c e.
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) b e m e t b e f o r e b e n e f i t s b e g i n , (2) h as a c o i n s u r a n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s th e i n s u r e d to p a y a p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) h as a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f i t s ( e . g . ,
$ 10,000 a y e a r ) .

A l l i n d u s t r i e s __
M an u factu rin g
N o n m an u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u tilities

O ffic e w o rk e rs

73
92
38
99

11
3
15
74

A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l p lant
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s i s c o v e r e d b y a l a b o r m anagem ent ag reem en t.
T h e r e f o r e , a l l o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e
e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s that e i t h e r do not h a v e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n ­
t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s that a p p l y to f e w e r than h a l f o f t h e i r
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f
th e e x t e n t to w h i c h a l l w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d b y th e p r o ­
v isio n s o f la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , becau se s m a ll establish m en ts are
e x c l u d e d and t h e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y is l i m i t e d .

D ental in su ra n c e plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e
b en efits,
u s u a l l y f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
Plan s w h ich p r o v id e ben efits
only f o r
oral
surgery or
r e p a i r i n g a c c i d e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r t e d .
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n pla n s p r o v i d e fo r r e g u la r p a y m e n ts to th e r e t i r e e
fo r life .
In clu d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e th e o p tio n
o f p u r c h a s in g a l i f e t i m e a n n u ity.




I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g

O v e r o n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w i t h i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e
L o u is ville
area w ere
e m ployed
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
The fo llo w in g
p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t o f
a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g:
Industry groups
E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c
__ ___ _ _
equipm ent _
T r a n s p o r t a tio n equipm ent
F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ___
T o b a c c o m anu fa ctu res .
M a c h in e ry , except
e lectrica l
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s .......
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ___
P r i n t i n g and p u b l i s h i n g

S p e c ific in d u strie s

20
11
11
11

H ou seh old applian ces
C iga rettes .
M o t o r v e h i c l e s and
equipm ent
F a r m and g a r d e n
m a ch in ery

....

19
11

... ..

9

___

6

10
9
9
5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d b e f o r e actu al s u rv e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s
o f t h e s u r v e y as s h o w n in a p p e n d i x t a b l e 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Louisville, Ky.—Ind.,1 November 1977
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

ALL

D IV IS IO N S

M AN U F A C T U R IN G

OTHER

P U B L IC

R E T A IL

S E R V IC E S 8

U T I L I T I E S 5

TRADE

TRADE

F IN A N C E ,

C O M M U N IC A T IO N .

-----------------------------------------------------

------- -- ------------------------------------------------------------------------AND

REAL

ESTATE

N um ber

4

------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In c lu d es

and

o ffic e

e x e c u tiv e ,

p r o fe s s io n a l,

p a r t - tim e ,

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

1 7 3 .1 1 3

100

1 1 2 ,2 1 7

2 3 .5 8 8

1 0 7 .2 8 9

248
447

60
90

9 7 .6 7 3
7 5 .4 4 0

56
44

7 3 .8 4 5
3 8 .3 7 2

8 .5 6 9
1 5 .0 1 9

6 8 .9 5 6
3 8 .3 3 3

51
85
174
64
73

15

1 6 .8 8 7
8 .2 7 1
2 9 .7 8 3
1 1 ,5 8 2
8 .9 1 7

10

8 ,9 6 0

3 .1 4 3

<A )

( AJ

1 2 .9 3 6
2 .4 3 6
1 1 .8 3 5
6 .6 6 2
4 .4 6 4

12

24

10

29

and

o th e r

w o r k e r s

e x c lu d e d

fr o m

th e

s e p a ra te

c a te g o r ie s .




F u ll- t im e
o ffic e w o rk e r s

150

1 The Louisville Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management
and Budget through February 1974, consists of Bullitt, Jefferson, and Oldham Counties, Ky.; and
Clark and Floyd Counties, Ind. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included
in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other employment indexes
to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment
data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied* and (2) small establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify
establishments by industry division. However, all government operations are excluded from the
scope of the survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All
outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
p la n t

P e rc e n t

F u ll- t im e
p la n t w o rk e r s

50
50
50
50
50

AND

------------------------------------------------------------- -------------

IN S U R A N C E .

T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

50
”

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T R A N S PO R TA TIO N .

W ith in scope
o f s tu d y ’

695

--------------------------------- ---------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M AN U FA C TU R IN G

WHOLESALE

—

W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scope o f s tu d y

31

5
17
7
5

( ‘

>

( A)

(7 )

(A)

(A)

( A )

5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A - and B-series tables. Taxicabs and services
incidental to water transportation are excluded.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in
the A - and B -series tables. Separate presentation of data is not made for one or more of the
following reasons: (1) Employment is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the
sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or
inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire division are represented in estimates for "all industries" and
"nonmanufacturing" in the A-series tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates for
"all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the B-series tables. Separate presentation of data is
not made for one or more of the reasons given in footnote 6.
8 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile
repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e occu p ations w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r i e t y of p a y r o ll
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e
in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in stru c te d to exc lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; an d p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
H an d ica pp ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n i n g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r h a n d ic a p a r e a l s o
exclud ed.
T r a i n e e s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r t h o s e r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g in s o m e o f th e l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
te c h n ic a l occupations.

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e i n d i v i d u a l .
M a i n t a i n s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in dep en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m of
d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
duties
r e q u ir in g a know led ge
o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d
"secreta ry"
p o s s e s s the a b o v e
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f i n i t i o n
a r e as f o l l o w s :

a.

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h do not
d e s c r ib e d above;

b.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t ie s ;

c.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s
fe s s io n a l, tech n ical, o r m a n a g e ria l p erson s;

d.

E x c lu s io n s




E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d
m e e t th e

"p erso n al"

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p os itio n s w h ic h entail m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y d u tie s w h i c h
a r e not t y p i c a l ' o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
an t, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L is t e d b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l occupations f o r w hich r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r tit le s a re bein g introduced
in th is s u r v e y :
T o o l and d ie m a k e r
Guard
S h i p p e r and r e c e i v e r (p rev io u s ly surveyed
as s h ip p in g and
receivin g c lerk )
T ru ck driver

O rd e r clerk
P a y r o ll clerk
S ecretary
S w itch b oard o p e r a to r
S w itch b oard o p e r a to r - r e c e p tio n is t
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e ty pist
M achin e to o l o p e r a t o r (to o lr o o m )

T h e B u r e a u has d i s c o n t i n u e d c o l l e c t i n g d a ta f o r t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w a t c h m e n a r e n o w c l a s s i f i e d as' g u a r d s u n d e r the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n .

33

W o rk e rs p reviou sly

secretary

to

a group

concept

of pro­

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n b y L e v e l — C o n tin u e d

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h i c h do not f i t any o f the s it u a t io n s l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e l o w t i t l e d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T ra in ees.

C la s s ific a tio n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y j o b s w h i c h m e e t th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d at
o n e o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g t o ( a ) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w i t h i n the c o m p a n y ’ s o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e and, (b ) th e l e v e l o f the
s e c r e ta r y 's resp o n sib ility.
T h e c h a r t f o l l o w i n g th e e x p l a n a t i o n s o f t h e s e tw o
f a c t o r s i n d i c a t e s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b i n a t i o n o f the
facto rs.

a.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than th e c h a i r m a n o f
th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

L S —4

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
le v e l, of a m a jor
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

_Level o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld b e m a t c h e d at one o f th e f o u r LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r w it h in the c o m p a n y
o rg a n iz a tio n a l stru cture.
L S —1

S ecretary
unit ( e . g . ,

S e c r e t a r y to
a n o n su p erviso ry
staff s p e cia list, p ro fe ss io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r o r a s s ista n t, s k ille d techn ician
o r expert.
(N O T E :
Many
com pa nies
assign
stenographers,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is l e v e l o f
s u p e rv is o r y o r n o n s u p e rvis o ry w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is n ot e q u i v a l e n t to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in
th e d e f i n i t i o n f o r L S —3, but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d
in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r
su b divided .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a w i d e r a n g e
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y one o r t w o ; o r

J-ievel o f S e c r e t a r y ' s R e s p o n s i b i l i t y ( L R )

b.

L S —3

a.
b.

L S —2

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r
than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a r k e tin g ,
research,
o p e ra tio n s, in du strial
re la tio n s , etc.) o r
a m a jor
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a regio n al h ea dq u a r­
ters; a m a jor
d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d.

to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l
f e w e r th an abo ut 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f
(o r o th e r equ ivalen t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




an
of

o rg a n ization a l

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u s e d in the a b o v e LS d e f ­
i n i t i o n r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s wh o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m a kin g
r o l e w i t h r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y
activities.
T he title " v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a l l c a s e s
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
ac t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i ­
rectly
su p ervise a c le r ic a l
s t a f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g the d e f i n i t i o n .

T h i s f a c t o r e v a l u a t e s th e n a t u r e o f t h e w o r k r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and th e s u p e r v i s o r , and th e e x t e n t to w h i c h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d t o e x e r c i s e i n i t i a t i v e and j u d g m e n t . S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld be m a t c h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .

P e r fo r m s v a rie d s ec re ta r ia l
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

d u t ie s i n c l u d i n g o r

a.

A n s w e rs teleph on es,
com ing m a il.

b.

A n s w e r s telep h o n e requ ests w h ich h ave standard
r e p l y t o r e q u e s t s b y s e n d in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , ' m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o gra p h ical accuracy.

d.

M aintains
s u p e r v is o r 's
in stru cted .

e.

T y p e s , t a k e s and t r a n s c r i b e s d i c t a t i o n ,

i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ,
o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,

greets

personal

c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t

calen d ar

and

c a lle rs,

makes

and f i l e s .

and

opens

answ ers.

appointm ents

in ­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S T E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S ten og rap h er, S en io r

P e r f o r m s d u t ie s d e s c r i b e d u n d e r L R —1 an d, in a d d i t i o n p e r f o r m s
t a s k s r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r j u d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e f u n c t io n s
in c l u d i n g o r c o m p a r a b l e t o m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
a.

S c r e e n s t e l e p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h i c h can
b e h a n d l e d b y th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b o r d i n a t e s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s req u ests w hich
re q u ir e a d eta iled k now led ge o f o f ­
fice
procedures
or
collectio n
of in fo rm atio n
from
files o r
oth er o ffic e s .
May
sign
routin e
correspondence
in o w n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's nam e.

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g
o f g e n e r a l in stru ctio n s.

d.

S c h e d u l e s t e n t a t i v e a p p o i n t m e n t s w it h o u t p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a c k grou n d m a t e r i a l f o r s ch edu led m e e t in g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

E x p l a i n s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s t o o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit.
( A l s o t y p e s , t a k e s d i c t a t i o n , and f i l e s . )

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c
and m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

T h e follo w in g
and L R c o m b i n a t i o n .

chart

s h o w s th e

L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y 's
s u p ervisor

p erio d ic

le ve l o f

th e

L S-3II_____

III_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

secretary

on the

basis

fo r each

LS

OR
P e r f o r m s stenograp hic
d u tie s r e q u i r i n g
s ign ifican tly g r e a t e r in ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y
the f o l l o w i n g :
W ork
r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
cedure;
and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s
opera tio n s, org a n ization , p o lic ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s , w o r k flo w , etc.
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o ­
g r a p h i c d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s such as m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t in g i n c o m i n g
m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is t o t y p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d i c t a t i o n w h i c h d o e s
n ot i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that u s e d in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y als o type f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y m aintain f ile s , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth er r e la t iv e ly
routine c l e r i c a l ta sk s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d efin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith shorthand d icta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e ta r y 's re sp o n sib ility
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—
4___________________________________________

reports

or
s p e c ia lize d vocab u la ry
research .
M a y a l s o s e t up

C lass
C la ss
C lass
C lass

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e
dictation .
May
als o ty pe f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M ay operate fro m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p ool.
M ay o cc a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e re co rd in g s (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T y p ist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th a t a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w i t h o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y i n c lu d e
ty pin g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r
s im ila r m a teria ls
f o r us e
in d u p l i c a t i n g
p rocesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such
as k e e p i n g
sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g
r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
d istribu tin g in co m in g m a il.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s -pellin g, s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n ct u a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r un u su al w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t
and t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d
s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to suit
circu m stan ces.
C lass B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p i n g f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d ra fts ; o r routine typin g o f f o r m s , in su ra n c e p o l i c i e s , etc .;
o r s e t t i n g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK

S ten ograp h er, G eneral

keep

D ic ta tio n i n v o lv e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in tain f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .




F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

F I L E C L E R K — Continued

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d
su b ject m a t t e r f ile s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a terial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w i t h the f i l e s .
M a y lea d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l f ile c le r k s .

adequacy o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a in in g c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ishin g c u s to m e r w ith ack n ow led gem en t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y the s p e c i f i e d d a te o r to l e t c u s t o m e r k n o w
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g s h ip p in g i n v o i c e
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
C l a s s _B .
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d i n g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
As requ ested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s p a i d on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u ti e s i n c lu d e
any o f th e f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w i t h c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e u s in g k n o w l ­
ed ge ga ined f r o m e n g in e e r in g or e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l tra in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; h a n d l i n g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f th e j o b .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., alp h ab etica l,
chron ological, o r n u m erical).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P osition s
d efin itio n s:

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t ie s such as ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty .

are

cla s sified

in to

le vels

accordin g

to

the

follo w in g

C la ss A .
H a n d l e s o r d e r s th a t i n v o l v e m a k i n g j u d g m e n t s such as
c h o o s i n g w h i c h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p r o d u c t
l i n e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be q u o t e d
w h e n p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g t o a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k i n g
som e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l calcu lations.
C la s s B . H and les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w hich have r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s m a n u a l ,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t t o i n s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m i s s u p p l i e d o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e of o r d e r e d item .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e us e d w'ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n t o c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a telephone
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
( t y p i n g o r r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ief o r
l e a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded.
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c ts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O p era to r-R ecep tion ist.
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b oth as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r ^ — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s s u c h d u t i e s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s i n e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n b y t e l e p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an a p p o i n t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s to m e r s ' purchase o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e rc h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e rs o r sales p eop le.
W o rk ty p ic a lly in vo lv es
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g d u t ie s : Q u o t i n g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w h e n n e c e s s a r y ; a d v i s i n g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a te and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r
sheets;
checkin g
order
sheets
for
a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s such as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a rio u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , lis ts , ca lc u la tio n s , postin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
The
w o rk r e q u ire s a k now led ge of c le r i c a l m ethods
and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W i t h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w i t h the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u i r e d to h a v e a
k n o w l e d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t in g .
P ositio n s
d efin itio n s :

are

c la ssified

in to

le ve ls

on the

basis

o f the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t i a l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s
t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t in g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d b y one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .
C la ss B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ction s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e
r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , su c h as p o s t i n g to
led g ers,
card s, or w orksheets

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — Continued

M A C H I N E B I L L E R — Continued

w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ;
c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
or
a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( w it h o r
w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f bookkeeping.
W orks
fr o m u n iform
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
c r e d it slips.

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

P A Y R O LL CLERK
C la ss A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m us e d.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la ss B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not i n ­
c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribu tion , exp e ns e d istrib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, etc.
M ay check o r as s ist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n t in g
departm ent.
M A C H IN E

B IL L E R

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
o peration s.
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B illin g-m a ch in e b ille r .
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (c om b in ation
t y p i n g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p urchase o r d e r s , in tern ally p r ep a r ed
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not be c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m a ch in e.
T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f
th e b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and is o f t e n done on a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a intain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u ction r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; e d i t i n g p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a i n s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n au tom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , com putes w a g e s .
W o rk m ay requ ire a p r a c tic a l
know ledge o f g o v e rn m e n ta l
regu la tion s,
c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com pu ter system fo r p ro ce ss in g p a y ro lls .
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d
n u m e r i c d ata on t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
Position s
definitions:

are

c la ssified

in to l e v e l s

or v erify

on the

basis

alphabetic
of

the

and/or

follo w in g

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s ele ctin g, o r
c o d in g i t e m s
to be k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e
d ocum en ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e k ey p u n c h w o r k .
M a y t r a in i n e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o r k is r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p ro c e d u re s o r in stru c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m vario u s stand­
a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f d a ta to be r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to s u ­
p e r v is o r p ro b le m s
arisin g
fro m erroneous
item s o r codes o r m is s in g
in fo r m a t i o n .

Professional and Technical
C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

BU SINESS

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y use o f e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelops a com p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ired d igita l com pu ter p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to be u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and d ata f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and




C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A LY S T ,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a in m o r e
e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll operation s.
(N O T E :
W orkers
p erfo rm in g
b ot h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d ata p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s an a lysts
p rim a rily
con c ern e d w ith
s cie n tific o r eng ineerin g
p ro b le m s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS--- Continued

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C la ss A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
com p le x p r o b le m s in vo lv in g all phases o f s y stem s an alysis. P r o b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t d a ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n
s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w i t h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e the d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
obtaining equ ip m ent.
M a y p r o v id e fu nctional
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

direction

to

low er

le ve l

system s

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
or program m ers
p r i m a r i l y c o n c er n e d w ith s c ie n tific and/or en g in e e rin g
p ro b le m s .
F o r wage

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c la ssified

as f o l l o w s :

analysts

C la ss B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s t h a t a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input d ata
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output d a t a a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exa m p le,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a bank, m a i n t a i n i n g
accounts
receivab le
in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
accounts
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e
estab lish m en t.)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p l i e d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w i t h i n s t r u c t i o n s , and t o i n s u r e
p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w i t h the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y s e s
as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p
and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k i l l s
r e q u ire d f o r s y stem s an alysis w o rk .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y assist a h ig h er le v e l
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SINESS
C o n ve rts sta tem en ts o f bu siness p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s an a ly st, into a s eq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s
by au tom a tic
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W o rk in g
f r o m charts
o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e ­
c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d
l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u l a t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lies k now led ge
o f com pu ter capa­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d ev elop s sequence o f p r o g r a m steps; w r ite s d eta ile d flow
ch a rts to show o r d e r
in w h i c h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e
cha rts to
c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s




p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d uring p rod u ction
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r ad a p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s is
th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )

C la ss A .
W orks
in de p en d en tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
w h ich r e q u ir e
com petence
in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o ­
gra m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o rk in g fr o m
d iagra m s
and c h a r t s
w h i c h i d e n t i f y the n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o
b e a c c o m p l i s h e d , and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ; p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e nd p r o d u c t s .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
u c ts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d ata e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g action s m u st o cc u r.
T his r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t i o n s as
d evelo p m en t o f com m on opera tion s
w h i c h can b e r e ­
u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to
d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and r e s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a
h igh ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n ctiona l d ir e c t io n
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

to

lo w e r level p ro gram m ers

who

C la ss B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e "S e gm e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d ata in t w o
o r th ree v a r ie d sequences o r form a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d ition s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
inpu t d a ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s so th a t the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta can b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w i t h r o u t i n e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

OR

W orks
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r
close d irec tio n o f a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p erv is o r.
M ay a ssist
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d e p en d en tly p e r f o r m i n g le s s d iffic u lt task s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINESS— Continued

DRAFTER

M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C .
M akes p r a c tic a l applications o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s
usually
learn ed
in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssig n m en ts
a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s to r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s d ata a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
program m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s et u p and o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u i p m e n t w i t h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t
in c o r r e c t i n g p r o g r a m .
For

wage

s tu d y

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follo w s:
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p en d en tly , o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s w i t h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
New
p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e
o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x
d e s i g n so th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g k n o w l ­
e d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M ost
o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n ru n s , t y p i c a l l y run on a r e g u l a r l y
r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r ­
n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a j o r c h a n g e
o r c an n ot be c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n .
T h is u su a lly in ­
v o l v e s a p p l y i n g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d
c o r r e c t i o n techn iqu es.
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w i t h the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A.
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p en d en tly p e r f o r m i n g le s s d iff ic u lt ta sk s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f opera tion s p e r fo r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
e x p e c t e d to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d and
a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay assist h igh er
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .




C la ss A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w i t h the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r design changes.
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n ge on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
parts.
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w ork
is r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w i t h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d eterm in a tio n s.
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n by
lo w e r le v e l d ra fters.
C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
r e g u l a r l y used.
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e su c h w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w i t h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c is e p os itio n a l relation sh ips b etw een com ponents; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g in c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a ­
t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a ls
in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
com pu tations to d e t e r m in e qu an tities
of
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p leted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la ss C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e units o r p a r t s f o r
en gin eerin g,
c o n stru ctio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o se s.
T ypes of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d inclu de i s o m e t r i c p r o je c tio n s (d ep ictin g th re e d im en s ions
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on solid ates details
fro m a num ber of
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tru c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te when a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o r k m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F TE R -TR A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w i t h pen o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r re p e tit iv e d raw ing s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g , m a i n t a i n i n g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a pplica tion of tech n ica l know ledge o f e le c tr o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l t o put e q u i p m e n t in
requ i r e d ope ratin g condition.
T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e k ind o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
t o , the f o l l o w i n g :
( a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b ) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equ ip m ent.

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — Continued

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — Continued

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; tec h n ic ian s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e
or
su p ervisory
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w i t h a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
l e v e l tech n ician s.

P osition s
defin ition s:

are

cla s sified

in to

levels

on

th e b a s i s

of

the

follo w in g

C la ss A .
A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e t o s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y can n ot be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e lectro n ic
equ ip m en t.
E xam p les
o f such p r o b l e m s
in c l u d e l o c a t i o n and
d e n s i t y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and
frequ en t e n g in e e r in g changes.
W o rk in vo lves:
A d e ta ile d understanding of
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y us in g c o m p l e x t e s t i n ­
stru m ents
( e . g . , d u al t r a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e te r s ,
pulse g e n e r a t o r s ).
W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p ro vid e
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equ ip m ent.
W o rk in vo lv es :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d b y the
class A technician.

C l a s s C. A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t in e t a s k s
in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n ­
stru ction s w h ich c o v e r v ir tu a lly all p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
t a s k s as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k i n g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , au d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu be t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is
not r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w i t h the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
This
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so th a t w o r k e r can a d v a n c e
to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l techn ician .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y
s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d
r e v i e w when n ew o r advanced ass ign m en ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f patients t r e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r com p e n sa tion o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one nu rse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerpiant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — C o n t in u e d

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g and
l a y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m a kin g
standard
s ho p c o m p u t a t i o n s
r e l a t i n g to
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

equ ip m en t
such as
g e n e r a to r s , tr a n s f o r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s, c o n tr o lle r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n equipm ent; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , layou ts, o r oth e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d to o ls
and m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n ­
t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d
throu gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s such as th e i n ­
s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
b u tio n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l




P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g putt y o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R — Continued

M AIN TE N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g p a in t w i t h s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o lo rs ,
o i l s , w h i t e l e a d , and o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
sisten cy.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w i t h s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w i t h c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d shop c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet
specificatio n s.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n i t a t i o n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
are exclu d ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; p la n n in g and l a y i n g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s h a n d to o ls
and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;
s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d
m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d
s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s
o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and f i t t i n g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p ra ctice
usually a c q u ire d throu gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iv ale n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h as m a c h i n e
g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m ainten a nce w o r k f r o m b lu eprin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i c a ­
tions
s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the u se o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p i n g and f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a l l
n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents f o r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ainten a nce m e ch a n ic
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x ­
p erien ce.
E x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u tie s i n v o l v e s e t t i n g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
In stalls
n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s ho p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i g n i n g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p m e n t ;
s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to be u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g and
m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t such as d r i v e s and
speed redu cers.
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o rk in volves
m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g :
E xa m in in g au tom otive
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t i n v o l v e th e use o f such h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r
tightening body bolts.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w i t h m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k th e h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c l u d e m e c h a n i c s wh o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .




41

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — Continued

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e than one t y p e o f m a c h i n e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g i n e l a t h e r , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to
m a c h i n e m e t a l f o r us e in m a k i n g o r m a i n t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u t t in g t o o l s ,
ga u ges, o r m e ta l dies o r m o ld s
u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n o n m etallic m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru bber, g la ss).
W ork ty p ically
in vo lves:
Plan n ing
and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e t t i n g up m a c h i n e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l c u tt in g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o l s
to h an d le the s i z e o f s t o c k to be m a c h i n e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts;
m a kin g n e c e s s a r y
a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g
m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e to l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and c u tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.

s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; us in g
v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s
and d i e s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f i t t i n g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s
work
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and
expe rien ce.

in c l u d e
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b i n g

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C onstructs
and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r, rubber, g la ss ).
W ork ty p ically in v o lv e s :
P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
com m on m eta ls
and a l l o y s ;
s ele ctin g ap p ro pria te
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e t a s k ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c l u d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
sho p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r cond itioning. W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t such as
ste a m engines, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in es, ven tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M a y als o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b H s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are exclu d ed .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r ,
or
steam .
Feeds
fu els
to f i r e
b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
safety va lv es .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R

D rives
a truck with in a city o r
i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equipm ent, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s types o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h as:
M a n u fa c tu rin g plants, f r e ig h t dep ots, w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s to m e r s ' houses o r p la c es o f b u siness.
M a y a l s o lo a d o r un lo ad t r u c k
w i t h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
good w ork in g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e an d o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l a nd p h y s i c a l t a s k s in c o n n e c t i o n w it h s h ip p in g
goods
o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d
and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m i n g
shipm en ts.
In p e r f o r m i n g
d a y - t o - d a y , routine ta sk s , fo llo w s e sta b lis h e d
gu idelin es.
In h a n d lin g un u su al n o n r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u i d ­
ance f r o m s u p e r v is o r or other o ffic ia ls .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d i n a t e the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g g o o d s to b e s h ip p e d o r b e in g
received .

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
r a t e d c a p a c i t y o f t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

S h ip p e rs t y p i c a l l y
are
resp o n sib le f o r
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and q u a n t i t i e s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h i p m e n t a g a i n s t d o c u m e n t s ; i n s u r i n g that s h i p m e n t s
a r e p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d w i t h s h ip p i n g i n f o r m a t i o n , and l o a d e d into
t r a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p i n g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h ip p e d , e . g . ,
m a n if e s t s , b ills o f lading.

tru ck d rivers

are

cla ssified

by type

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t t r u c k
(s tra ig h t tr u c k , und er (I V 2 tons, usually 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m truck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , IV 2 t o 4 to n s i n c l u s i v e , u s u a l l y 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y truck
( s t r a i g h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a l l y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru c k d riv er, tra c to r-tr a ile r




and

R ec eiv e rs
typ ica lly
are resp o n sib le
f o r m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m i n g s h i p m e n t s b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
q u a n t i t i e s u n lo a d e d a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g ,
in vo ic es , m a n ifests,
storage

S H I P P E R A N D R E C E I V E R — Continued

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R — Continued

rece ip ts ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; checking fo r
dam aged
goods;
i n s u r i n g that
goods a re a p p r o p r ia te ly
id en tified fo r
ro u t in g t o d e p a r t m e n t s w it h in the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p i n g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e i v e d .

m a teria ls
o r m erch a n dise
in p r o p e r
storage
l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e by h andtru ck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u nlo ad s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
S h i ppe r
Re c e iv e r
S h i p p e r and r e c e i v e r

P O W E R -TR U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n tro lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s abo ut a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
tru ck,

W AREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u ti e s w h i c h r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
W ork in volves m ost
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; ro u t in g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta k in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p ortin g
d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ;
r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d u t ie s .
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s i n v o l v e s h ip p in g and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e S h i p p e r and R e c e i v e r and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r trucks (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i c a t i n g
ite m s f ille d o r o m itt e d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u is ition a d d i­
t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d
d u ties.
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s finis h ed p rodu cts f o r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p lacing them
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , the t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n t e n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r
d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g
c o n t a i n e r ; and a p p l y i n g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g
i d e n t i f y i n g data on c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s who als o m ake wooden b oxes o r c r a t e s a r e excluded.
M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G LA B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g




F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o l l o w s :

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
o r in te rfe re n c e .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f i x e d p o s t , m a k i n g ro un ds on
foot o r by m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y .
M a y be d ep u tized
to m a k e
arrests.
M a y also
h e lp v i s i t o r s
and c u s t o m e r s
by a n s w e r i n g
q u e s t i o n s and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .
Guards e m p lo y e d by esta b lish m e n ts w hich p r o v id e
v i c e s on a c o n t r a c t b a s i s a r e i n c l u d e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p ro te ctive

ser­

g u a r d s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

G uard A
E nforces
regu la tion s
d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s
of secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s j u d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a l i n g w it h e m e r g e n c i e s and
s e c u rity v iola tio n s encountered.
D e t e r m i n e s w h e t h e r f i r s t r e s p o n s e sho u ld
be to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y ( a s k i n g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w h e n d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y and
t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p s it u a t io n u n d e r s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e p o r t s itu a tio n
so that it can be h a n d le d b y a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r i t y .
D u t ie s r e q u i r e s p e ­
c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g in m e t h o d s and t e c h n i q u e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y a r e a s .
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e c on t in u in g p h y s i c a l f i t n e s s
and p r o f i c i e n c y w i t h f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
G u a rd B
C a r r i e s out i n s t r u c t i o n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n s u r i n g that
e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and r e p o r t e d to
a p p ro p ria te au thority.
I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n l y in s it u a t io n s w h i c h r e q u i r e
m i n i m a l a c t i o n to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u t ie s r e q u i r e m i n i m a l
train in g.
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e p h y s i c a l
fitness.
M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y
is not
r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
J A N ITO R ,

PORTER,

OR C LE AN E R

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p i n g ,
m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; d u s ti n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c l e a n i n g
la v a to rie s , sh o w ers,
and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s wh o s p e c i a l i z e in w i n d o w
w ashing a r e exclu d ed.

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T he fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u rv e y resu lts a r e pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h i c h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at no c o s t , w h i l e s u p p l i e s l a s t
f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
s h o w n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la sk a (statew id e)
A l b a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d ria , La.
A l p e n a , S t a n d is h , and
T a w a s C ity, M ich.
A s h e v ille , N.C.
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a . — .C .
S
Au stin , T ex .
B a k e r s fi e l d , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich.
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r O range, Tex.
B i l o x i — u l f p o r t and
G
P a s ca g o u la , M iss.
B r e m e r t o n , Wash.
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and
S t a m f o r d , Conn.
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Io w a
C h a m p a i g n —U r b a n a —R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . - K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , Colo.
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C olu m bu s, M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
Des M o in e s , Iowa
D o th an , A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M i n n . —W i s .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A l a m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r i n g f i e l d and M e d f o r d —
S
K lam ath F a lls — rants P a s s —
G
R oseb u rg, O reg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R i l e y —J u n c tio n C i t y , K a n s .
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . —Okla.
F o r t W a y n e , Ind.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d . —P a .
G a d s d e n and A n n i s t o n , A l a .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G u a m , T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o , Tex.
L a w t o n , Ok la .
L e x i n g t o n —F a y e t t e , K y.
L i m a , O h io
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d . —V a . —D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M adison , W is.
M aine (s ta te w id e )
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —E d i n b u r g and
B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r l i n g e n —
San Benito,

Tex.

M erid ia n , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e and P e n s a c o l a , A l a . —F l a .
M ontana (s ta t e w id e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N . C .
N e w H am p sh ire (s ta tew id e )
N e w L o n d o n — o r w i c h , C o n n .—R .I.
N
N o r t h D a k o ta ( s t a t e w i d e )
Northern New York
O rlando, F la .
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S
Phoen ix, A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , Colo.
P u e rto R ico
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N . C .
R eno, Nev.
R i v e r s i d e — an B e r n a r d i n o —
S
O n ta rio , C a lif.
Salina, Kans.
S a l i n a s — e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S
S a n d u s k y , O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

S a v a n n a h , Ga.
S elm a , Ala.
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
Sh reveport, La.
South D a k o ta ( s t a t e w i d e )
S o u t h e r n Id ah o
Southw estern V ir g in ia
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h ic o p e e —H o l y o k e ,
M a s s . —Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u l s a , Ok la.
U p p er P e n in s u la , M ich.
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
V e rm o n t (s ta tew id e )
V i r g i n I s l a n d s o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , I o w a
W est T e x a s Plain s
W est V ir g in ia (s ta tew id e )
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N. J.—Md.
Y a k i m a , R i c h l a n d —K e n n e w i c k , and
W a l l a W a l l a —P e n d l e t o n ,
W a s h . —O r e g .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n an n ua l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accountants, au d ito rs, c h ie f a c c o u n t­
ants, a t to r n e y s , job a n a lysts, d i r e c ­
to rs of p erson n el, buyers, ch em ists,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g techn ician s,
d rafters,
and
cleric a l
em ployees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 19 80, N a t i o n a l Sur v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , __ T e c h n i c a l

and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 197 7.1^2 .40
a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sho w n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n ­
ment Prin tin g
O f fic e , W ashington,
D . C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
in

A l i s t of the la te s t bull etins a v a i l a b l e is p re s e n te d b e low .
B ulle tin
m a y be p urch ased f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the bac
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superintendent of D ocum ents , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g
O f f i c e , Wash ington, D.C. 20402.
M ak e checks pay able to Superintendent of
D ocum ents.
A d i r e c t o r y of occupational w ag e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1950 through 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on request.

Area
A k r o n , Ohio, Dec. 1976 1________________________________________
A lb a n y — ch en ectad y— ro y , N. Y . , Sept. 1977_________________
S
T
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a— a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f. , Oct. 1977________________________________________________
A tla n ta, G a . , M a y 1977 __________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1977_____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M ont. , July 1977 1 ____________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977__________________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Aug. 1977_______________________________________
B u ffa lo, N . Y . , Oct. 1977_________________________________________
Canton, Ohio, M a y 1977 1 _______________________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1977___________________________
C h ic a g o, 111., M a y 1977 1________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y . — n d ., July 1977 1 ________________________
K
I
C le v e la n d , Ohio, Sept. 1 9 77 1___________________________________
Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1977_____________________________________
Corpu s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 _____________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , Oct. 1977___________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Io wa—
R
M
111., M a y 1977 1 _____
Dayton, Ohio, D ec. 1976 ________________________________________
Daytona B ea ch , F l a . , Aug. 1977 1______________________________
D e n v e r — o u l d e r , C o lo . , D ec. 197 6 ____________________________
B
D e t r o i t , M ic h . , M a r . 1977______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 ______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1977____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — ins to n - S a l e m —
W
High P o i n t ,
N . C . , Aug. 1977 1________ ______________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r ta n b u r g , S.C., June 1977 ____________________
S
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1977____________________________________
Houston, T e x . , Aug. 1 9771_____________________________________
H u n ts ville , A l a . , Feb. 19771____________________________________
Indianapolis , Ind., Oct. 1977____________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Jan. 1977* ____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D ec. 1 9 7 6 * _________________________________
Kansas C it y, M o . - K a n s , , Sept. 1977__________________________
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B each , C a l i f . , Oct. 1977 _________________
L
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d ., N ov. 1977*_______________________________
I
M e m p h is , T e n n . — r k . - M i s s . , N ov. 1977______________________
A




B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1900-76, 85 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1950-43,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
85 cents
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
1950-4,
1950-56,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$1.40
$1.40
$1.00
$1.50
85 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , Oc t. 1977______________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ______________________________________
M in n eap o lis—
St. P a u l , M i n n . —W i s . , Jan. 1977 _________________
N a s s a u — u f f o l k , N . Y . , June 1977 ________________________________
S
N e w a r k , N. J., Jan. 1977 ___________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 ___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 7 . . . ______ _________ ______________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
N . C . , M a y 1977 _________________ ____ _______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . —N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 7 ______________
H
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1977 1____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1977 1
_______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Oc t. 1977 1 _________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 ___________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1977_______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_________________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 _____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . ‘—W a s h . , M a y 1977 1_____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N. Y . , June 1977 __________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 197 6 ________
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —
M a s s . , June 1 9 7 7 1 _________________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1977* _______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1977 ___________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 ___________________________________
S a g i n a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1977_________________________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y —O g d e n , U tah , N o v . 1 9 7 6 _________________________
S an A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1977 1____________________________________
S an D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
S an F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 ____________________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 _______________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan 1977 1______________________________
So uth B e n d , In d ., A u g . 1 9 7 7 1_____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 197 6 _________________________________________
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , M a y 1977 ___________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S ep t. 1977___________________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1977* ___________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , M a r . 1977 _________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1977 1 _______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 _______________________________________________

B ull etin number
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -5 7 ,
1 95 0-1 4 ,
1 95 0-3 ,
195 0-2 7 ,
1 95 0-7 ,
195 0-5 ,
195 0-3 1 ,
1 95 0-2 0 ,

$1.00
$ 1.10
$ 1.60
$1.00
$ 1.60
$1.60
$1.20
70 c e n t s

1 95 0-2 1 ,
1 95 0-3 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 5 ,
1 95 0-3 4 ,
195 0-62,
1 95 0-1 ,
1 90 0-7 2 ,
1 95 0-3 2 ,
1 95 0 -2 5 ,
1 90 0-5 5 ,

70 c e n t s
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 c e n ts
$1.20
$1.50
85 c e n ts
$1.20
70 c e n t s
55 c e n t s

1 95 0 -2 2 ,
1 95 0-2 3 ,
1 95 0-1 0 ,
1 90 0-7 1 ,
195 0-59,
1 90 0-6 5 ,
1 95 0-2 4 ,
1 90 0-7 9 ,
195 0-2 9 ,
195 0-1 9 ,
195 0-1 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 1 ,
190 0-4 4 ,
195 0-1 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 7 ,
1 95 0-3 7 ,
1 95 0-1 1 ,
1 95 0 -1 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 ,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
55 c e n t s
70 c en ts
55 c e n ts
$1.10
55 c e n ts
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
55 c e n t s
80 c e n ts
70 c e n ts
$1.10
$ 1.20
$1.10
70 c e n ts
$1.10

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.0 Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone:353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone. 749-3516 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington