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The Louisville, Kentucky—Indiana, Metropolitan Area

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

N ew England
John F . Kennedy F e d e ra l Building
G overn m en t Center
Room 1603-B
B oston, M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 223-6762




M id -A tla n tic
341 Ninth A v e.
New Y ork , N. Y . 10001
T e l . : 971-5405

Southern
1371 P e a ch tre e S t.,
Atlanta, G a. 30309
T e l . : 526-5418

North Central
219 South D earborn St.
C h ica g o , 111. 60604
T e l . : 353-7230

P a c ific
450 G olden Gate A v e.
Box 36017
San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. 94102
T e l . : 556-4678

M ounta in-P la ins
F e d e ra l O ffic e Building
T h ird F lo o r
911 Walnut St.
K ansas C ity, M o. 64106
T e l . : 374-2481

Area Wage Survey
The Louisville, Kentucky—
Indiana, Metropolitan Area




February 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-50
June 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into ( 1 ) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and ( 2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.
E igh ty-six areas currently are included in the
program . In each area, information on occupational earn­
ings is collected annually and on establishment practices
and supplementary wage provisions biennially.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Lou isville, K y .—
Ind. , in February 1968.
The Standard
Metropolitan Statistical A rea , as defined by the Bureau
of the Budget through April 1967, consists of Jefferson
County, Ky. ; and Clark and Floyd Counties, Ind.
This
study was conducted in the Bureau's regional office in
Chicago, 111. , Thomas J. M cArdle, Director. The study
was under the general d i r e c t i o n o f Woodrow C. Linn,
A ssistant Regional Director of Operations.




Introduction__________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational g ro u p s___________________________

1
3

Tables:
1.
2.

A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied_____________________ _______________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected p erio d s---------------------Occupational earnings: *
A - l . Office occupations—
men and w om en-----------------------------------A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women_____________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations____________________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations __________

11

Appendix.Occupational d escrip tio n s_______________________________________

13

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
a reas.
(See inside back co v er.)
A current report on earnings in the Louisville area
is also available for selected food service occupations
(February 1968).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing
pay lev els, are available for building construction; print­
ing; local-transit operating em ployees; and motortruck
drivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

5

8
9
10




Area Wage Survey---The Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This area is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g allow­
ances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for
overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishm ents within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
m ates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may contrib­
ute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences in
progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties per­
form ed, although the workers are classified appropriately within the
same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying em ­
ployees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for minor differences among
establishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishm ents, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the follow­
ing types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material movement. O c­
cupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions
designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within
the same job. The occupations selected for study are listed and de­
scribed in the appendix. The earnings data following the job titles are
for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within occupations,
are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because either (1) em ploy­
ment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit
presentation, or ( 2 ) there is possibility of disclosure of individual e s ­
tablishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office w orkers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are
presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous bulletins for this area.

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u rv e y and N um ber Studied in L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , 1
b y M a jo r In d u stry D iv is io n , 2 F e b ru a r y 1968

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

..... ........... .

N u m ber o f establishm ents

___
M an u factu rin g
_ _
. . ....
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ...............
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5
....
. .
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6
___ . . .
.....................
R e ta il tra d e 6
.. ._
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 6
S e r v ic e s 6 7
. . .

W ithin sc o p e
o f st u d y 3

S tu di e d

_

.........

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
Wi th in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

535

50
"

211
3 24

50
50
50
50
50

52
59
108
51
54

Studied
Number

P ercent

143

164, 800

100

n o , 050

61
82

1 0 7 ,3 0 0
57, 500

65
'35

7 8 ,7 0 0
3 1 ,3 5 0

22
11
20
15
14

17 ,1 0 0
7, 100
1 9 ,0 0 0
8, 200
6, 100

10
4
12
5
4

14, 220
2, 870
7, 930
4, 290
2 ,0 4 0

1 The L o u is v ille Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the B u rea u o f the Budget through A p r il 1967, c o n s is t s o f J e f fe r s o n C ou n ty, Ky.;
and C la r k and F lo y d C o u n tie s , Ind. T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t i o n o f the
s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r
e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m ­
p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 The 1967 e d itio n o f the S tand ard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s ­
t r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in all e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a rea) at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f
data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to
m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ ate to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and en g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r t h r e e -f ift h s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the su r v e y in the L o u is v ille a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f ir m s .
T h e fo llo w in g table p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u s tr y
g r o u p s and s p e c ific in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d u stry g r o u p s
E l e c t r ic a l e qu ipm en t and
s u p p l i e s __________________________
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c t s ______
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c ts _________________________
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s ___________
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ___
F a b r ic a t e d m e ta l p r o d u c ts ______
P r in tin g and p u b lis h in g __________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m en t ______

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
16
12
11
10
9
8
6
6

H ou seh old a p p li a n c e s ____________ 16
C ig a r e tte s ________________________ 10
F a r m m a c h i n e r y _________________ 5
M o to r v e h ic le s and
equipm ent _______________________ 5
P la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls and
s y n t h e t i c s _______________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f total em p lo ym e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s try d iv is io n s m a y
d iffe r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the su rv e y as show n in table 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961). Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date o f the index. The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estimates are
measures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to measure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupational weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years w ere related by dividing the aggregate for
the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year. The resultant
relative, less 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each year's relative by the previous yea r's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
O ffice clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

Table 2.

O ffice clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Louisville, K y .-in d .,
February 1968, and February 1967, and Percents of Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(February 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group
February 1968

February 1967

Peircents of increase
February 1967
to
February 1968

February 1966
to
February 1967

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

February 1963
to
February 1964

February 1962
to
February 1963

February 1961
to
February 1962

A ll industries:
O ffice clerical (men and w o m e n )-----Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )---Skilled maintenance (m e n )---------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

128.0
129.8
124.5
124.6

123.7
119.3
118.9
117.4

3 .6
8 .8
4 .7
6.1

5 .5
5 .6
4 .6
2 .5

3.1
4 .3
3 .0
1.7

3.6
0
1.4
3 .6

3. 1
3 .5
2.6
3 .6

3 .4
2 .0
3. 1
1.4

2.9
2.6
2.9
3.5

Manuf a ctur ing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )-----Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )---Skilled maintenance (men) ------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

126.7
129.0
123.3
125.3

121.4
118.6
117.9
118.2

4 .4
8.8
4 .5
6 .0

4 .0
4 .6
4 .8
1.8

2.8
4 .3
2 .9
1.1

4.3
0
.9
4.1

3. 1
3 .9
2 .4
4 .6

1.9
2.5
3. 1
1.3

3.7
2.1
2.7
4.1




4
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime.
For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.

Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage in creases,
average wages may have declined because low er-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work fo rces.
Sim ilarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in area averages, are influenced by:
( 1 ) general salary and
wage changes, (Z) m erit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay lev els.




The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where n ecessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .— d. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
In
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Under

$
55

55

266
144
61

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 ------NONMANUFACTURING---------- ------

142
98

40.0 111.00 120.50
40.0 111.00 1 2 2 .0 0

122

CLERKS, ORDER ------MANUFACTURING ---

94
43

OFFICE BOYS -------MANUFACTURING — NONMANUFACTURING

140
52

129.00
131.50
127.00
134.00

135.G0
136.00
133.CO
136.50

$

$

116.00119.50115.00130.50-

141.50 144.00 —
141.00 —
141.00

97.0088.00-

78.00
80.00
76.50

71.00
72.50
69.50

t

$

i

$

80

—

—

—

-

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

—

8

—

-

—

7
5

8

-

10
10

-

2
2

2
2

5
4

2

-

5
5

1
1

8
8

39.5
39.0
39.5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------

33
50
27

40.0 107.50 112.CO
40.0 110.00 113.00

95 100

$

7
7

-

9
6

2

12

100 105

$

25
4
21

40
15
25

26
15

1
1

10

-

11

6

-

6

6

110

2
1

4

4
—
4

10
8
2

110

$

115

1

$

120

125

1

130

135

13C

L35

140

150

21

14
3

12

13
5

11
2

8
2

3

32
17
15

55
28
27

11

20

2

4
1

44
30

11
11

11
11

32
2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

96.0095.00-

1

1

5

17
4

6

-

9
1
8

88.50
82.50
94.00

89.50
84.00
96.00

1

_

2

1
1

1
1

31
28

38.5
38.0

70.00
65.00

63.50
62.50

60.00- 82.50
59.50- 77.50

74
39
35

40.0 96.00 101.50
40.0 1 0 2 .0 0 103.50
39.5 89.50 90.00

262
54
208

39.5
39.5
40.0

44

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

650
186
464
148

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5

122

28
26

73.50
83.00
71.50

68.00
82.50
66.50

1 1 0 .0 0 107.00
113.50 1 1 2 .0 0

106.00 104.50
114.00 1 1 0 .0 0

5
4

-

1

1

8

12

1

12

8

2

7
5
1

4

—

1
1

1

1
1

6

4

4

13
2

2
1

14

3

10

1
1

10
6

3

1

1
1

1
1

-

_
'

12

1

40.0 111.50 109.00
40.0 112.00 109.00

89.0085.00-

132.00
133.00

1

6
6

-

14

2

5

18

6

—

1
1

.
~

.
-

-

-

-

—
-

_

3
3

6

2

76

7
2

9

5

1

2

1

2

1

2
1
1

1

14

1

1

2

1

15
9

34

45

38

9

6

12
22
10

20

12

25
l

26

24
13

24
19
5

5
5
—
-

5
4

3
3

-

10
2
8

23
19
4

3

19
13

19
18

15

1
2

9
4
5
-

6

90
16
74
7

66

1

4

_

66
2

4
-

64
9

80

94

12
68
20

82
28

12

1
1

5
1
1

29
37
6

6
6

6

1

87
45
42
18

-

~

~

—

-

-

-

-

-

—

“

2

-

—

-

19

1

16
13
3

6

10

11
11

-

6

-

-

—

2

1

78

4
82

-

—

-

2
2

1

—

86

-

18

14

98.50- 124.00
99.00-132.00
98.50111.50
99.50124.50
90.00
97.50
87.50
93.50

11

6

64.00- 80.50
76.50- 92.00
63.00- 70.00

8 6 .0 0

79.50
87.50
76.00

14
9
5

6

8

84.50109.50
93.50112.00
73.00-105.00

70.5081.0068.5071.50-

81.00
89.00
78.00
85.00

9
9

4
—
4

81.50- 97.00
79.00- 89.00
89.50- 99.00

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5




17
13
4
4

12
12

5

-

8

4

125.00
126.50

39.5
39.0
40.0

281
159

S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f ta b le ,

and

160 over

'

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING —

160

7
7

4
4

$

—

11

1

4

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE} --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

150

47
17
30

7
14

16
10

$

—

125

7

15
7

140

120

9
2

$

115

7
4
3

1

6

66.50- 89.00
68.00- 94.00
65.00- 88.00

105

-

39.5 136.00 134.00 131.00-154.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------

90

$

—

118.50
146.00

88

$

75

and
under

85

$

70

124.50
127.50

40.0 113.00 113.00 103.0040.0 116.50 109.00 103.00-

$

65

60

CLERKS« ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

$

60

1

66
20

37

46
36

29

8
11

10

13
13
-

11
1

7
7

19
16
3
3

12
12

5

10

-

2

3
3
1

2

4

3
3

6
6

3
3
3

1
1

1
1

3
3

28
26
2
2

8
8

1

~

2
2

-

5

3
3

-

~

-

1
1

4

-

17
13
4
4

-

—

-

~

5

2
2

1

-

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , L o u is v i ll e , K y . — n d . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
I

Number o f w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f—
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

woikers

$
weekly
hours1
( standard)

55
Mean2

Median 2

$

$

f

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

125

130

1 35

160

1 50

6?

70

75

90

85

90

95

1 00

105

1 10

115

120

1 25

130

135

160

150

55

60

6
1
5

11
8
3

6
6

6
5
1

1

-

8

-

3

1

2

-

-

1

-

8

-

3

1

2

-

3
1
2

2
2
-

2
—
2

5
5

160

160

and
u n d er

Middle range 2

and

WOMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS* FILE, CLASS B ----------- —
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

160
62
118

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

$
6 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

$
6 3 .5 0 —
6 6 .5 0 6 3 .0 0 -

CLERKS* FILE, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

121
1 18

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

CLERKS* ORDER ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

203
132

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

CLERKS* PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

237
1 60
97

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

113
25
88

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

$
7 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

—
—
-

—
—
~

57
8
69

31
9
22

28
5
23

6 1 .5 0 - 6 6 .5 0
6 1 .5 0 - 6 6 .5 0

_

-

97
96

20
19

6
3

7 3 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

-

_

50
62

35
29

26
10

27
19

26
20

5
2

10
10

1

5

16

6

9 6 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

9 6 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

—

—
-

2
2

19
11
8

18
11
7

19
5
16

32
25
7

6
3
1

21
1
20

22
19
3

39
22
17

16
7
7

16
16
-

19
15
6

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
7 5 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

6
—
6

12
12

6
6

3
1
2

22
22

9
1
8

5
2
3

9
2
7

3
2
1

7
7

6
5
1

-

-

-

-

18
18

2 21
77
166

6 0 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 3 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

—
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

15
7
8

25
16
9

19
10
9

37
8
29

20
6
16

16
10
6

11
5
6

7
6
3

3
3
“

11
8
3

36
2
36

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

629
167
26 2
51

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 1 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

7 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

7 1 . 0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 0 .0 0 - 8 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

—
—

3
—
3

12
2
10
5

78
27
51
6

86
38
68
12

75
6
69
2

57
22
35
1

19
9
10
1

62
67
15
11

10
2
8

3
3
—

_
~

1
1
-

1
—
1
1

OFFICE G I R L S -------------------- ---MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

87
35
52

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

6 7 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

6 3 .5 0 - 7 2 .0 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 8 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0 - 6 8 .0 0

—
-

-

33
6
29

30
12
18

8
6
2

5
5
~

6
6
-

2
2
*

-

_

1

-

2

-

2

~

-

~

~

SECRETARIES 4 ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

1 ,6 1 6
756
658
1 66

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

_
—
-

_
-

3
—
3

63
1
62
3

36
1
33
-

73
1
72
2

76
10
66
1

112
35
77
5

125
67
78
11

92
66
66
6

205
161
66
11

83
59
26
6

106
56
52
20

1 08
81
27
13

92
85
7
6

65
63
22
2T

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

83
68
35

6 0 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

-

•

~

-

“

7

1

8
1
7

16
11
3

1
1

-

7
3
6

—

-

5
1
6

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

263
108
135

1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0

_
—
—

_
—

—
-

—
—

—
—

3
-

33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

625
218
207
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_
—
-

-

2
2
-

7
7
~

12
—
12
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

628
369
279
70

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_
—
”•

-

1
1
•

36
1
35
3

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

596
271
323
1 25

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
1 1 5 . CO

_
-

8
8

6
2
6
2

78
16
62
17

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le,




8 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

*

1

-

—

-

-

_

""

~

7
6
3

_
—

—
“

—

2
1
1

_
-

6
6

~

_
-

6
6

15
—
15

_
-

-

_
-

—

13
1
12
12

3
3
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

1
l
—

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

67
66
21
6

28
16
16
13

75
69
26
23

21
20
1
1

6
3
3
1

18
17
1

2
2

~

11
6
5

6
6
~

3
—
3

26
18
8
1

6
6
2
2

23
23
-

1
—
1
1

2
2
—

1C

25
18
7
7

33
6
27
1

23
12
11
6

31
31
5

16
6
10

8
6
6
~

8
6
6

16
5
11
2

11
8
1

31
U
15
13

32
32
-

17
17
-

35
3
32
“

20
3
17
6

13
5
8
-

36
16
18
1

33

36
25
9
7

61
59
2
1

13
12
1
1

16

5

5

5

50
30
20
6

9
1

5
6

22
1
21
~

38
1
37
1

52
8
66
1

63
25
18
6

71
28
63
1

65
39
6
1

150
138
12
10

31
25
6
”

36
16
20
13

62
38
6
6

17
15
2
2

18
12
fc
6

7
6
3
3

7
-

66
32
32
7

68
63
25
2

77

76
30
66
6

106
71
35
19

20
13
7
3

11
6

6
2
6
1

5
6
1
1

21
5
16
16

27
1
26
26

15

63
36
3

6
3
3
3

1

-

5
2

26
9

-

~

5
5

3

~

3

-

15
15

~

7
7

16
—
16
16

12
12
_
—
~

2

_

-

-

2
2

-

—
-

*

"

1
1
~
—
“
-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .— d. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
In
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
umber

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

oikers

Num ber o f w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f —
$

weekly
hours1
( standard)

M ean1*
24

Median 2

Middle range 2

Qndei

t
55

55

%

60

$

65

$

70

$

75

)

80

$

85

S

90

$

95

$

$

100

105

t

110

$

115

$

$

120

125

$

130

$

135

I

140

1 ---- i

150

and
under

160
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

-

-

12
12

12
10
2

*0

38
2*
1*

48
25
23

21

7
33

98
87

43
37

36
27
9

10
8
2

11
10
1

27
*
23

32
17
15

2
2

1
1

—

1*0 ^150

160 over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR — ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

*69
293
176

$
$
39.5 105.50 103.50
39.5 103.50 103.CO
39.5 108.50 10*.50

$
$
91.50-117.00
9*.00— 111.00
88.50-130.50

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

175
39
136

39.5
39.0
* 0 .0

75.00
88.50
71.50

72.50
91.00
68.50

61.50- 85.00
77.50- 95.00
60.00- 81.50

16

18

16

18

SWITCHBOARD CPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

269
153
116

39.5
39.5
39.5

81.50
83.00
79.50

8 C.C 0
81.50
78.50

69.50- 91.50
69.50- 95.00
70.00- 88.50

—

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------

39

39.0

97.00

95.00

85.00-112.50

-

—
_

6
2*

_
—

11

—

7

*

15

5
5

-

2

62
39
23

27
14
13

35

29
25
4

32
5
27

25
17

2*

3

23

8

15
9

2
1

1

5

3

5

5

1

1

81.00
81.CO

73.00- 8 *.00
72.00- 8*.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
GENERAL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

251
5C

39.5
39.5

79.00
77.00

75.50
7*.00

71.00- 85.00
71.50- 82.50

IYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

231
139
92

39.5 89.50
39.5 87.50
* 0 .0 92.50
*0 .0 101.50

88.50
86.50
92.00
95.00

75.00- 99.00
7*.00— 95.00
83.00-106.50
91.00-120.50

_
-

-

-

-

—

*

*
-

*

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3--------------

78*
15*
63C

39.5
39.5
39.5
* 0 .0

65.5068.5065.0068.00-

_

55

69.00
73.50
68.50
78.00

78.00
8*.00
76.50
87.00

14
13

27
3
24

80.50
79.00

72.50
76.00
71.50
82.00

2
1
1

_

11

10
2
8

39.0
39.0

*0

4
4
-

1*

-

36
31

_
”

_

14

6

15

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATCRS,
CLASS C ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

_

17
3

11

1

-

30

14
7

_

2
2

_
-

*
-

5

—

—

—

5
~

*

*
*

5
5

5
3

14
13

_

52
*

69
27

40
4

27

26
9

*

*6

*5

17
9

13
9

1

8

281

11

*1
2*0
1*

6

6

*

-

156
1*5

12

6

*

-

98
37
61

87

62

21
66

8

5

5

39
23
16
7

12
2

2
2

-

11

-

-

_
-

_

23
3
20
_
—

13
4
9

5
4

—

1

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

-

-

1

1
1

—

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

15
1

*
*

1

10

9
16
5

13
13

14
14

11
6

-

7
7

1*
1

1
1
-

2

-

_

_

18

20

_

34

54

59
23
36

-

10

5

~

13

14

3

-

1

2
1
1

2

_

14

—

-

—

—

_

_

_

_

—

—

—
-

-

_

_

—
-

—
—

_
—

*
3

9
3
6
6

7
*
3
3

*
3

1
1
8
8
8

4

-

-

_

2

-

—
-

—
-

2
2

—

1
1

—

—

—

1 Standard hou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries (e xclu sive o f pay fo r overtim e at regular a n d /or prem iu m rates), and the earnings c o r r e ­
spond to these w eekly h ou rs .
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each jo b by totaling the earnings o f all w o rk e rs and dividing by the num ber o f w o rk e rs .
The m edian designates position — half o f the em ployees surveyed receiv e m ore
than the rate shown; half r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
The m iddle range is defined by 2 rates o f pay; a fourth o f the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
* T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
4 May include w o rk e rs other than those presented separately.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , L o u is v ille , K y .—
iInd. , February 1968)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

$

Average

(
standard]

M ean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

90

Under
$
and
90
tinder

*

$

i

95

100

Number of w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f—
1
1
S
1
1
t
i
$
110 115 120 125 130 135 140
145 150 155 160

T

105

t

i

165

170

T

i

175

180

*

185

and

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

—

—

-

—

—

—

—

—

—

5
5

1
1

1
1

4
4

7
7

2
2

12
12

11
11

8
8

4
4

l

2
1

7

40
39

13

1

1

_

_

12

-

-

4
4

185 over

HEN
56
56

$
$
$
$
39.5 165.50 168.50 157.50-175.00
39.5 165.50 166.50 157.50-175.00

B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

176
158

40.0 140.50 139.00 127.50-156.50
40.0 139.50 136.50 127.00-156.50

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

128

40.0 116.50 118.00 106.50-128.50
40.0 117.00 119.CO 108.50-128.50

8

DRAFTSMEN* CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

121

—

_

8

-

-

-

5
5

_
“

•

3
3

15
15

50
50

7
7

18
13

19
16

11
11

12
12

23
23

16
15

2
2

2
2

-

15
15

1

20
20

4

5

1

3
3

14
9

8
8

20

2
1

2
2

4

14

13

11

17

19

2

_

_

_

-

_

_

•

~

~

~

—

1

_

l

_

_

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------UA N U r A t T iUKt1 t i r ———
n i i m r A r 1 i n f lib
————————————

86

39.5 123.00 1 2 2 .0 0 114.00-133.00
115.00-133.00

2

3

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s (exclu sive o f pay fo r overtim e at regular a n d /o r
spond to these w eekly h ou rs.
2 F or definition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .




2

_

_

_

l

prem iu m

ra tes ), and the earnings c o r r e ­

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
Average

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (standard)

Average

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 ! earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

83
34
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

31
28

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --- -------------

74
39
35

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

225
81
144

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

7 0 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2-------------

429
1 67
262
51

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 1 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS--------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

227
87
1 40
35

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

262
54
208

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES 3------------------------MANUFACTURING----------- -------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

1 ,4 1 9
757
662
1 50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

547
281
266
105

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

83
46
35

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

792
230
562
211

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC UTILITIES 2----

244
108
136
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

CLERKS* FILE, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

28
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2-------------

426
219
207
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

161
43
118

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

121
118

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 4 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2---------

631
349
282
73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

297
114
183

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

596
273
323
1 25

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

256
158
98

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING------------------ NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

470
293
177

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------

113
25
88

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING --

180
41
139

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

Average

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number

Weekly
Weekly
of
workers hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
269
153
1 16

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
8 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

38
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

89
48
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------- -

45
40

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

259
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

231
139
92
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

788
1 58
630
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 .

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------- ---MANUFACTURING ---------------

56
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

176
158

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

129
122

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------

1 00

3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ---------------

88
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTICNISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s (exclu sive o f pay fo r o vertim e at regular a n d /o r prem iu m rates), and the earnings
co r re s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
3 M ay include w o rk e rs other than those presented separately.




10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1968)

Hourly earnings

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

M ean13 Median
2

2

1

Number o f w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Middle range 2

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------

228
208

$
3.72
3.74

$
3.77
3.78

$
$
3.61- 3.95
3.70- 3.95

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING --------------------

60C
542

3.89
3.90

3.94
3.94

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

138
118

3.70
3.75

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------MANUFACTURING --------------------

246
234

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------

Under

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
*
$
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3 .1 0 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4 .0 0 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.,40 4.60

and
$
2.40 under
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3 .2 0 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4 • 1C 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.,60 4.80
,

—
_

_

-

3.66- 4.21
3.66- 4.23

_

-

-

3.75
3.83

3.37- 3.94
3.39- 3.95

-

3.41
3.45

3.62
3.63

3.18- 3.74
3.22- 3.75

10

225
161
64
54

2.99
3.07
2.79
2.87

2.99
3.10
2.77
2.83

2.502.942.632.71-

3.17
3.20
3.05
3.07

8

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------

656
642

3.78
3.78

3.79
3.78

3.65- 3.94
3.65- 3.93

_
~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------

404
147
257
202

3.56
3.72
3.46
3.65

3.69
3.76
3.62
3.69

3.243.363.163.38-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

1,025
969

3.64
3.65

3.71
3.73

3.28- 3.96
3.29- 3.97

_

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

18C
180

4.10
4.10

4.39
4.39

3.79- 4.45
3.79- 4.45

-

_
-

MANUFACTURING --------------------

280
272

3.11
3.11

3.07
3.07

3.02- 3.27
3.02- 3.28

2
2

2
2

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

165
160

3.62
3.64

3.58
3.59

3.48- 3.93
3.50- 3.94

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------

418
418

3.99
3.99

3.99
3.99

3.9C- 4.20
3.9C- 4.20

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING — ■ ----------------

100

IOC

3.78
3.78

3.91
3.91

3.39- 4.00
3.39- 4.00

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

332
332

4.28
4.28

4.33
4.33

4.22- 4.38
4.22- 4.38

3.85
4.05
3.80
3.84

2

4

-

2

7
2
6

20
20

13
9
4
-

1
1
5

2
2

_

4
_

4
3

10

14

2
1

5
5

-

31
30

-

_

3

10
6

2
2

5

66
66

20

-

_
-

16
16

_
-

2

-

1

-

3
3

10
10

13
13

5

7
7

_

_
“

_
-

5
3
-

5
4
“

5
5

11
1C

11
10

_

-

-

-

_
-

6
6

4
4

9

_
-

1

_

-

2

~

2

_
-

_

_

-

_

_

_

5

-

1
1

10
10

62
61

_

1

5
4

l
-

31
25

6

_
-

14
14

26
26

3
3

15

51
43

12
12

_
~

_

_

28
9
19

10

1

39
39
37

94
81

25
25

12
12

-

22
22

2
1

-

-

1
1

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

—

1

9
9

67

11
11

55
54

12
12

3
3

3
“

2
1

9
9

-

9
3

53
48

65
65

2
2

154

44
44

13
13

51
51

-

111

68
68

33
33

4

12

1

_
-

_

_

~

7
7

5
5

5

_

_
-

2
2

4
4

_

“

1
1

16
16

26
26

15
15
-

14
14
-

_

_
-

44

_
-

_
-

13
13

88
88

_

_
-

_
-

_

1

4
4

15

68

1

9

9
9

16
16

35
35

8
8

12
12

46
46

58
58

17
17

_

34
34

_
~

_

167
167

94
94

98
98

138
138

37
25

_
~

39

8

40

1
1

31
31

30
30

-

“

12
11
1
1

30

38
38

80
45
35
35

8
8

8
8

14
14

238
238

58
58

57
57

30
30

_
_

_
-

3

5

8
8

23

-

10

26
26

15
15
15
15

-

12
11

-

1

_

5

—
-

-

12
12

2

_
~

20

_

_

1 Excludes prem iu m pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
2 F or definition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




3
2

21

9

21

1

18
16

13
13
5

112
112

24

40

21

21

21
12

138
138

115
1C7

_
~

_

_

_

-

_
-

37
37

143
143

11
11

18
18

39
39

4
4

14
14

_
-

6
6

~

_
-

23
23

2

3
-

-

14
14

47
46

18
18

_
-

4
4

38
38

9

1

8

2
2

15
15

_
“

2
2

3
3

53
53

30
30

_

115
115

69
69

27
27

20
20

-

27
27

3
3

2
2

7
7

8
8

30
30

5
5

13
13

-

_
"

3
3

9
9

26
26

23
23

8
8

-

-

_

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

5
5

—

-

2

37
6

-

-

_

l
7

7
-

28
28

177
177

44

-

-

“

_
“
_
_

77
77

-

5
5

~

13
13

37
37

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .—
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
Hourly earnings2

O ccu p ation 1 and industry div isio n

workers

■Number o f w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f—
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
$
9
i
i
9
9
9
1 ---- $
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80
and
and
under
9

Number
Middle range3

Mean3

Median3

$
2.16
2.95
1.67

$

2.79- 3.28

1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----------------N C N M ANUFACTURING------------ —

875
430
445

$
2.31
2.81
1.82

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------

306

3.02

3.14

$
1 . 66 - 2.98
2.44- 3.23
1.63- 1.70

WATCHMEN:
M A N U F ACTURING -------------- ----

124

2.28

2.25

1.69- 2.63

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 4---- -------

2,105
1,313
792
118

2.25
2.56
1.72
2.32

2.29
2.56

1.692.271.551.98-

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS

1.6 6

2.53

2.74
2.92
1.84
2.64

—

—

—

—

—

*

—

1

4

—

2
1

31
30

7

1

22
8
10

—

30

5
5
"
*

25

35
14

19

15

17
7
10

21

9

2

1

2

1

10

10

53
45

64
52

84
73

8

12

11

45

52

53

3.60 ?.80 over
62
62

44
44

18
18

58

44

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

-

2

-

10

12

5

8

6

12

9

-

-

20

4

27
—
27

25
25

99
99
~

327
62
265
7

86

42
42
17

97
71
26
7

24

41

1

21
20

220
212
8

63
59
4
~

148
145
3
3

162
114
48
28

59
31
28
28

190
179

193
193
—

144
144

65
65

6

_
—

66

—

2.06
2.24
1.64

1 . 66- 2.53
2.05- 2.58
1.48- 1.69

12
12

24
24

—

1 .6 6

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING ----MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---

2*521
2*059
462

2.57
2.62
2.35

2.59
2.59
2.47

2 . 10- 3.10
2.27- 3.12
1.80- 2.72

~

-

—

-

1

1

ORDER FILLERS ------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

856
498
358

2.79
3.03
2.45

2.80
3.05

2.70- 3.22
2.77- 3.41
2 . 10- 2.80

—

-

—
~

“

—

2 .6 6

PACKERS. SHIPPING ---------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING

741
574
167

2.67
2.78
2.32

2.75
2.82
2.52

2.52- 2.96
2.70- 3.02
2.07- 2.65

—
”

-

—

—

-

PACKERS* SHIPPING (WOMEN)
MANUFACTURING -------- -

199
189

2 .1 2

1.93
1.94

1.75- 2.81
1.77- 2.81

_
-

_

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

260

2 .8 6

200

3.01
2.38

2.73- 3.10
2.83- 3.31
1.97- 2.82

-

-

60

2.90
3.02
2.49

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

77
56

3.00
3.06

2.89
2.97

2.84- 3.26
2.85- 3.33

_
“

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------

153
109
44

2.74
2 .6 8

2.67
2.64
2 .8 6

-

—

2.90

2.62- 2.81
2.60- 2 .6 8
2.76- 2.99

2,181
642
1,539
1*106

3.16
3.04
3.22
3.35

3.35
3.02
3.61
3.63

2.782.812.782.85-

3.65
3.44
3.66
3.66

“

—

-

_
“

13
13

_
—
—

_
—
~

_
—

13
13

_

_

_
~

—

171
45
126

2.32
2.17
2.37

2.07
1.99
2 .1 2

1.85- 2.84
1.94- 2.62
1.78- 2.87

_
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------MANUFACTURING ------------------

692
215

2.81
3.32

2.79
3.62

2.59- 3.12
2.84- 3.66

_
—

6
6

3
—
3

5
5

119
27
92

1

-

125
51
74

16
70

10
1

4

9

2

—

1

4

85
85
~

26
26
~

22
22

25
25
~

5
5

42
42

26
3
23

28
28

26
26

8
8

“

22

98
77

186
178

21

8

77
67

265
265
~

283
181

10

93
32
61

19
15
4

10
1

1
1

16
—
16

221

83
23
60

135
123

350
331
19

51
23
28

5
—
5

5
5

46
—
46

48
24
24

30
—
30

5
5

5
4

7
7

33
24

37
36

20
20

36
36

-

—

7
—
7

2

1

—

9
9

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

—

-

-

-

~

-

4
4
~

28
19
9
~

46
28

24
—
24

4
4

23
19
4

70

_

-

10

_
-

_

~

—

-

”

-

-

-

-

~
_
—
-

43
24
19

-

-

—

-

_

25
24

10

4
6

4
4

6

—

20

—
94
—
94

2

-

1

11
11

12

41

10

61

23

1

~

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------




7

—

7

66

2.07
2.31

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .

3

-

478
302
176

TRUCKDRIVERS 5 -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------NCNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES 4--------------

7

26
26
*
*

MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

2.15

1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2-40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 -3*20

20

1

366
—
36
4 330

1..BO

1

68
22

25
8

17
32
4

9
13
20

47
1

6
1

20

46

5

2

10

2

7
3

48
19
29

45
42
3

39
25
14

8
8

“

13
13

_

_

~

~

5
5
*
*

9
5
4

4
4

5

11

4

-

-

2
2

1

-

-

-

—

—

18

“
9
9
1

12
12

*
"

12

_
-

550
536
14

288
242
46

2
2

6
6

153
70
83

38
29
9

91
91
-

139
139
-

_
_
_
-

136
136
~

129
129

19
19

_
_
-

22
22

1
1

38
38

13
13

■
_
-

-

-

66

51
51

19
19

39
39

_

_
_
-

13
13

11
11

2

4
4

_
-

_
-

3
-

4
4

40
26

4

_
-

27
27
-

66
66

20

26

7
4
3

-

15

_

64

11

-

46
30
16

170
127
43
31

79
46
33

2

3
3

—

4
*
“
4
4

2
2

3
3

6

-

4
16

8

18
297
144
153

8

208
44
164
150

-

•

58
56

—

-

8
8

—

2

26
1

_

1

-

2

25

_

63

5

6

183
33

133
16

46

~

2

2

1

_
-

_
-

48
18

3

_
_
_
“

_
-

8

1

1
1

1

_
-

27
24
3

~

2
2

1
1

141
80

-

5
5
-

1
8
10

9

102

_
_

_
~

68

10

9
9

_
_

_
_

-

59
26
33
-

915
143
772
765

—
-

21

-

139
132

21

81
81

_
-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , February 1968)
Hourly earnings 2

Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

1
1
1
1
$
1
1
I
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
1$
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80
Mean1
3
2

Median3

$

Middle range3

TRUCKDRIVERS56 CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS#
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4--"-'—
-

768
185
583
421

3.57
3.08
3.72
3.64

$
3.63
3.05
3.65
3.65

$
3.353.003.62-

TRUCKORIVERS# HEAVY (OVER A TONS#
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

51
32

3.16
3.01

3.05
3.02

TRUCKERS# POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1#473
1,336
117

2.85
2.85
2.90

2.87
2.87
3.01

2.65- 3.15
2.83- 3.08

TRUCKERS# POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING —
___———
__

187
f 74

3.10

3.09

and
and
under
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 -1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2 .8 0 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 over.

2.95- 3 . 3 3

1
2
3
4
5
6

$
3.68
3.15
3.68

—

—

-

—

2.92- 3.61
2.91- 3.07

-

—

2 . 66 - 3.14

_
—

4 . A 4—

—

—

-

-

—

—

—

-

-

—

_
—

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

1

—

_

_

—

_

_

_

—

-

-

_
—

-

—

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here oth erw ise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
F o r definition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
Includes all d r iv e r s , as defined, r e g a rd le ss o f size and type o f truck operated.
A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 .




—

-

“

-

•
—

~

~

4

-

8
8

8

-

~

—
—

12

_
—

_
_

2
2

3
3

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

160
160

_
—

-

10

21

A

18

6

3

6
6

3

9
9

—
-

195
195

97
95

-

~

2

14
14

12

2

45
45

25
15

100

10

22
22

4

65
32
33

14
13

18
17

2
2

481
446
35

123
81
42

234
213

23
23

42
42

96

432
11

—

33

421

81

—

—

—

14

-

~

-

82
82

—

—

21

-

88

—

Bo

681

33

-

—

-

Appendix. Occupational Description:

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting cleiks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators*
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Woiking from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Woiks fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisors files; (c) maintains the
supervisors calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisors signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The woik typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled 1secretaryM possess the above
1
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal”
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases, or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, O X persons; or
C)
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, O X persons.
C)
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

16
SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate - wi de functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine woik as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. (’’Full” telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for calls.)

Class P
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a single r or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ( ’'Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

17

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker1s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
W
’iring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E A N D P O WE R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and operr
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning anjd laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the woik of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or bmsh.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Woik involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L A ND M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

22
ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as; Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers1 houses or places o f business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows; (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ------The eighth annual report on sa la ries for accountants, auditors,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
tr a c e r s , job analysts, directo rs of personnel, m anagers of office
s e r v ic e s , buyers, and clerical em p loyees.
O rder as BLS Bulletin 1585, National Survey of P r o fe ssio n a l, A d ­
m in istrative, Technical, and C lerical P ay, June 1967^
Fifty cents
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, July 1967 1_______________________________
AlbanyHSchenectady—
Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1967 ---------------Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 1967 _____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.— .J.,
N
Feb. 1967______________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1967 -------------------------------------------------Baltimore, M d., Oct. 1967_____________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1967 ____
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1967 1________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1967___________________________
Boston, M ass., Sept. 1967 1-------------------------------------------

1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-53,
1530-7 1,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1967 ______________________________
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1968 ----------,------------------------------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1967 _______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1967 -------------------------------------Charlotte, N .C., Apr. 1967 --------------------- ---------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.-G a., Aug. 1967-----------------------------Chicago, 111., Apr. 1967 1 ______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1967 ______________ —
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1967_____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1967________________________________

1575-41,
1575-48,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
157 5-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

Davenport—
Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1967_______________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1968 1 ----------------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1967 1 _____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1968 1 ------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1968 1 -------------------------------------------Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1967___________________________
Green Bay, W is ., July 1967____________________________
Greenville, S.C ., May 1967 ____________________________
Houston, Tex., June 1967 ______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1967 1--------------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1968 1 ___________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1968 -------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.— ans., Nov. 1967 1--------------------------K
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H., June 1967 ------------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk., July 1967---------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1967 1 ---------------------------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1968 ______________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1967 ______________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1967___________________________
Memphis, T enn.— r k ., Jan. 1 968 1-------------------------------A
Miami, F la., Dec. 1 967 1----------------------------- -----------—----Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1967 --------------------------


1 Data on establishment practices


Area

Bulletin number
and price

Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1967 1___________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1968 ______________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.,May 1967 _________
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1967 _____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1968 1__________________________
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1968 _________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1967 1____________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1967 1_____________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1967_______________________

1530-76,
1575-47,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1 575-34,
1575-46,
1530-83,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1530-82,
157 5-4,

25 cents
20 cents

30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1967 1________________________
Pater son—
Clifton— assaic, N. J., May 1967____________
P
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1967 1 ___________________
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1967______________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1968 _____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1967 1-----------------------------------------Portland, Or eg.— ash., May 1967 _____________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— a ss.,
M
May 1967 1 ______________________________________________
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1967 1---------------------------------------------Richmond, Va., Nov. 1967 1_____________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1967 -------------------------------------------------

1575-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
1530-59,
1575-44,
1575-16,
1530-79,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1 575-27,
1530-68,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

25 cents
30 cents
2 5 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Jan. 1968 ___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1967 ----------------------------------San Antonio, Tex., June 1967 1 _________________________
San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, C alif.,
Aug. 1967 1----------------------------------------------------------------------San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1967____________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1968 _____________
San Jose, C alif., Sept. 1967 1-----------------------------------------Savannah, Ga., May 1967_______________________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1967 1----------------------------------------------Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Nov. 1967 1____________________

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1575-10,
157 5-19,
1575-37,
1 575-15,
1530-69,
1 575-9,
1 575-29,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1530-77,
1 57 5-2,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1530-65,
1575-50,
1530-75,
1575-1,
157 5-32,
157 5-28,
1530-78,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Sioux F alls, S. Dak., Oct. 1967 1________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1968 1 __________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1967 1 ------------------------------------------Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F la ., Aug. 1967______________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1968 —---------------------------------Trenton, N .J., Nov. 1967-----------------------------------------------Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., Sept. 1967------------------------V
Waterbury, Conn., Apr. 1968 1--------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1967______________________________
Wichita, Kans., Dec. 1967----------------------------------------------Wore ester, Mas s ., June 1967 __________________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1968 1 - .............-.................................... .......
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1967 1________________

1 575-17,
1575-56,
1530-80,
1 575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1 575-1 1,
1575-53,
1 575-26,
1 575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
1 575-25,

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents

and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.