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L  301 0-d=(o  Area Wage Survey  Los Angeles-Long Beach, California, Metropolitan Area October 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-66   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Los Angeles  Los Angeles  Long Beach  Preface This bulletin provides results of an October 1981 survey of occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in San Francisco, Calif., under the general direction of Susan Holland, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropri­ ate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note: Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Los Angeles-Long Beach area are available for the contract cleaning services (July 1981), corrugated and solid fiber boxes (March 1981), machinery (January 1981), nursing and personal care facilities (May 1981), and refuse hauling (October 1981) industries. Listings of union wage rates for both the cities of Los Angeles and Long Beach are available for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Also available is a report on occupation­ al earnings and supplementary benefits for municipal government employees of the city of Los Angeles. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Of­ fice, Washington, D.C, 20402. GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $4.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y. Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif. Atlanta, Ga. Baltimore, Md. Billings, Mont. Boston, Mass. Buffalo, N.Y. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga. Chicago, III. Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind. Cleveland, Ohio Columbus, Ohio Corpus Christi, Tex. Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex. Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—III. Dayton, Ohio Daytona Beach, Fla. Denver—Boulder, Colo. Detroit, Mich. Fresno, Calif. Gainesville, Fla. Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind. Green Bay, Wis. Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C. Greenville,—Spartanburg, S.C. Hartford, Conn. Houston, Tex. Huntsville, Ala. Indianapolis, Ind. Jackson, Miss. Jacksonville, Fla. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif. Louisville, Ky.—Ind. Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss. Miami, Fla. Milwaukee, Wis. Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis. Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y. Newark, N.J. New Orleans, La. New York, N.Y.—N.J. Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C. Northeast Pennsylvania Oklahoma City, Okla. Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J. Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J. Pittsburgh, Pa. Portland, Maine Portland, Oreg—Wash. Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y. Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass. Richmond, Va. St. Louis, Mo.—III. Sacramento, Calif. Saginaw, Mich. Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah San Antonio, Tex. San Diego, Calif. San Francisco—Oakland, Calif. San Jose, Calif. Seattle—Everett, Wash. South Bend, Ind. Toledo, Ohio—Mich. Trenton, N.J. Washington, D.C.—Md —Va. Wichita, Kans. Worcester, Mass. York, Pa.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  In response to requests from librarians and other users, the Bureau of Labor Statistics now makes area wage publications available through a money-saving, one-year subscription.  Area Wage Surveys Now Available by Subscription  Area Wage Surveys report on earnings and benefits in major metropolitan areas. The bulletins cover office, professional, and technical, as well as maintenance, custodial, and material movement occupations in the areas listed on this page. Order from: Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402  Order Form  □  Enclosed is a check or money order payable to Superintendent of Documents.  Area Wage Surveys: about 70 publications, $90*  □  Charge to my GPO account no.  □  Charge to MasterCard. Account no.  Expiration date  □  Charge to Visa.  Expiration date  Name Organization (if applicable) Street address *For mailing outside U.S., add $22.50.  City, State, ZIP Code  Account no.  Area Wage Survey U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner  Los Angeles-Long Beach, California, Metropolitan Area October 1981 Contents  Bulletin 3010-66   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Page  Page  Introduction.........................................................................  2  Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers............. ............................ A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex............. ;.......................................... A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers.............................. A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers............... :....................... A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex..................... A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupation groups..................... A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations................. A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations.................................................. A-10. Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations .............................. A-11. Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations...................................................  Tables—Continued A-14.  Tables:  February 1982  tTgS  A-15. 3 A-16. 6 A-17. 8  Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex . Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................ Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers .................................. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................................................  21 23 24  25  10 11  13 14 14  15  15  16  Earnings in establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers.................. 17 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers......................................... 19  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions: B- 1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks......................................... B- 2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers........................................................... B- 3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full­ time first-shift workers.................................. B- 4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .... B- 5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers........................................................... B- 6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers........................................... B- 7. Health plan participation for full-time workers...........................................................  26  27 28 29 30 34 35  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey .................................... 37 B. Occupational descriptions........................................ 43 C. Job conversion table................................................. 55  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.  A-series tables Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g. accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  B-series tables The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks; late-shift pay provisions and practices for production and related workers in manufacturing; and data separately for production and related workers and office workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plan provisions; and health plan participation.  Appendixes Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Numoer of workers  Average weeKiy hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean3  Median3  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range3  120 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  2285 756 1529 212  2863 1152 1711 270  2459 894 1565 148  2382 1097 1285 180  2338 1039 1299 148  1738 881 857 89  1923 687 1236 100  1882 653 1229 246  2360 909 1451 156  951 397 554 106  200 67 133 50  111 26 85 75  14 9 5 5  5 1 4 2  1 1  23,624 9,362 14,262 1,825  39.5 39.5 39.0 38.0  325.00 325.50 324.50 344.50  316.00 319.00 314.00 325.00  271.00275.00268.00277.00-  375.00 369.00 378.00 394.00  -  -  -  -  1435 544 891 37  Secretaries 1.................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  3,469 3,169  39.5 39.5  293.50 296.00  271.00 271.00  234.50- 361.00 234.50- 373.50  _ -  _ -  7 7  76 75  295 238  538 507  507 453  493 452  290 256  114 93  116 81  134 119  292 289  305 303  269 264  33 32  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Secretaries II................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  4,281 1,813 2,468 519  39.0 39.5 39.0 38.0  287.50 286.50 288.00 314.50  275.00 273.50 276.00 277.00  253.00253.00250.00255.00-  313.00 313.00 310.50 394.00  _ -  _ -  1 1  _ -  123 65 58  467 221 246 4  946 213 733 145  882 487 395 133  506 247 259 10  378 161 217 16  281 144 137 9  155 92 63 20  144 65 79 22  243 64 179 123  130 41 89 36  25 12 13 1  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Secretaries III.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  8,521 4,021 4,500 782  39.5 39.5 39.0 38.0  327.00 316.50 336.00 332.50  317.50 310.00 323.00 308.00  286.00276.00290.00272.00-  363.00 348.50 378.50 383.00  329 248 81 33  668 367 301 64  770 409 361 129  1123 487 636 118  1317 674 643 106  1170 490 680 69  716 408 308 24  563 213 350 37  430 165 265 36  768 307 461 52  431 122 309 62  65 15 50 30  22 22 22  -  _ -  _ -  Secretaries IV................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  4,619 2,333 2,286 337  39.0 39.0 39.0 38.0  348.00 353.00 343.00 383.00  342.00 354.00 326.50 368.00  299.00310.50287.50322.50-  389.00 392.00 382.00 437.00  69 44 25  124 122 2  -  -  648 212 436 4  379 95 284 12  502 216 286 52  521 263 258 58  508 291 217 32  519 318 201 30  382 254 128 24  496 280 216 47  300 171 129 40  100 32 68 10  58 23 35 27  3 2 1 1  _ -  _ “  Secretaries V.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  819 365 454 80  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  399.00 404.50 394.00 468.00  397.00 402.00 397.00 483.00  351.00368.00345.50386.50-  438.00 451.00 423.50 537.00  14 1 13  64 15 49 2  51 17 34 1  113 68 45 8  201 72 129 13  127 88 39 3  30 20 10 10  29 3 26 26  11 7 4 4  5 1 4 2  1  Stenographers.................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  919 292 627 270  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  323.50 349.50 311.50 342.50  317.00 346.00 310.50 333.00  269.50304.50261.00299.00-  364.50 418.50 348.50 384.00  22  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ “  332.00  261.00- 371.00  -  -  _  5 5 -  8 1 7  -  84 1 83  580 243 337  1  Secretaries.......................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  149 116 33  _  5 5  _ -  _ -  5 5 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  72 22 50 -  -  101 51 50 10  _ -  2  64 4 60 12  65 17 48 8  118 29 89 28  80 13 67 22  99 42 57 28  96 12 84 38  102 56 46 27  70 27 43 37  42 10 32 26  86 42 44 21  39 39  -  34 1 33 1  -  2  20  28  22  33  21  30  36  27  41  32  41  -  “  -  1  12  7  27  19  25  35  26  27  22  15  -  -  _  _  -  -  _ -  _ -  -  2  Stenographers 1.............................. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  333  39.5  320.00  216  39.0  325.50  333.00  283.50- 364.50  ■  Stenographers II.............................  586  39.5  325.50  311.00  273.50- 354.50  -  -  -  -  14  36  43  85  59  69  60  75  29  10  45  Typists.................................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  4,133 1,279 2,854 53  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  235.50 267.00 221.00 241.00  212.00 241.50 207.00 248.50  191.50200.00187.50140.00-  250.50 351.00 237.50 293.50  2  494 124 370  911 122 789  781 257 524  557 92 465  -  -  -  230 105 125 1  55 17 38 4  38 25 13 1  102 30 72 3  -  107 70 37 4  22 2 20  -  395 133 262 14  156 66 90  -  79 36 43 22  Typists 1............................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  2,569 707 1,862  39.0 39.5 39.0  225.50 270.50 208.50  207.00 250.00 202.50  184.50- 245.00 200.00- 349.00 184.00- 229.50  _  43  -  43  374 100 274  641 56 585  489 112 377  364 48 316  214 71 143  139 68 71  51 14 37  36 23 13  26 23 3  23 23  69 69  Typists II........................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,564 572 992  39.5 39.5 39.0  251.50 262.00 245.00  230.00 232.50 230.00  195.50- 278.00 200.00- 354.50 192.00- 278.00  2  36 36  120 24 96  270 66 204  292 145 147  193 44 149  181 62 119  91 37 54  4 3 1  2 2 -  76 7 69  133 43 90  File clerks............................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  4,637 365 4,272 215  38.5 39.5 38.5 40.0  202.00 232.00 199.50 321.50  184.00 219.50 184.00 312.50  170.00173.00169.00185.50-  1557 75 1482 18  1107 3 1104 38  715 62 653  148 15 133  -  -  185 41 144 4  T>1 14 77 22  17 14 3 3  47 14 33 1  56 30 26 3  71 8 63 1   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  207.00 282.00 207.00 470.50  2  2 73 12 61 22  -  371 50 321 -  3  -  22 22  ~  1 1  -  -  -  -  “  “  ”  39  22  -  -  -  -  186 186  13 13 -  -  -  5 1 4 4  _ “  _ -  _ -  -  2 2  97 97  1 1  -  -  -  “  -  "  -  -  -  -  38 1 37  20  89 89  12 12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 1 4  “  -  59 13 46 9  44 1 43 13  15 10 5 3  81 3 78 78  _  _  -  20  -  _  -  -  -  “  -  _-  -  “  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range*  120 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  File clerks I...................................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  2,864 2,617 155  38.5 38.5 40.0  192.00 189.50 310.50  173.00 172.50 195.50  161.00- 193.50 161.00- 187.50 180.00- 470.50  73 61 22  331 281  File clerks II..................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,185 1,140  38.5 38.5  219.50 215.50  207.00 206.00  192.00- 216.50 192.00- 214.00  File clerks III.................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  582 509  39.0 38.5  216.50 214.50  180.50 180.50  Messengers........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  891 199 692  39.0 39.5 39.0  208.50 206.00 209.00  Switchboard operators...................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,856 292 1,564  39.0 39.5 39.0  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  3,225 969 2,256 135  Order clerks........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  644 641 38  201 141  -  1300 1275 18  _ -  _ -  28 28  173.00- 254.50 172.50- 254.50  _ -  40 40  184.00 190.00 184.00  169.00- 222.50 161.00- 232.00 173.00- 213.00  7  221.50 282.00 210.50  195.00 273.00 195.00  184.00- 235.00 226.00- 320.00 184.00- 225.50  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  225.50 221.00 227.50 289.00  213.00 210.00 218.50 250.00  190.00199.50190.00196.00-  5,095 1,745 3,350  39.5 39.5 39.5  273.00 250.50 284.50  246.00 240.00 253.00  218.50- 322.00 219.50- 270.00 209.50- 346.00  Order clerks I.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  3,567 1,223 2,344  39.5 39.5 39.5  238.50 245.50 234.50  230.00 237.00 220.00  200.50- 257.00 219.50- 255.00 200.00- 259.00  Order clerks II.................................  1,528  40.0  353.50  345.00  276.00- 400.00  -  -  Accounting clerks............................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  19,009 5,672 13,337 1,076  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  261.50 262.50 261.00 332.50  245.00 250.00 241.50 325.00  210.50220.00205.00254.50-  299.00 292.00 299.50 407.00  116  187 12 175  -  -  -  Accounting clerks I......................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  3,164 228 2,936 87  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  212.00 206.50 212.50 223.00  198.00 210.00 198.00 213.50  173.00173.00173.00201.50-  218.50 230.00 218.50 251.00  116 116  179 12 167  626 49 577  -  -  Accounting clerks II........................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  8,419 2,476 5,943 559  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  251.00 232.00 259.00 306.00  234.50 224.50 241.50 284.50  210.50207.00215.00238.00-  270.00 250.00 292.00 361.00  _  8  Accounting clerks III....................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  4,617 1,784 2,833 229  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  286.00 277.50 291.50 400.50  276.00 279.00 273.00 394.00  240.00240.00240.00302.50-  311.00 302.00 328.50 498.50  Accounting clerks IV...................... Manufacturing...............................  2,736 1,184 1,552 160  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  308.50 315.00 304.00 400.00  288.50 292.00 276.00 411.00  248.00252.00234.50338.00-  369.00 369.00 334.00 498.50  Transportation and utilities.....  240.50 230.00 241.50 491.00  75 37 1  15 4 1  14 1 1  17 10 1  14 11 2  41 38  22 22  -  -  -  -  30 29 5  390 390  507 507  58 56  44 41  54 52  3 2  7 -  35 14  24 19  19 15  227 177  73 73  5 3  75 75  66 66  22 21  _  23 23  7 1  6 6  7  73 44 29  288 52 236  232 10 222  62 30 32  20 15 5  14 11 3  59 6 53  26 7 19  11 11  70 8 62  28 4 24  _ -  14  325  14  325  735 24 711  100 35 65  247 28 219  53 41 12  91 23 68  90 40 50  17 17  34 32 2  24  40  335 335  765 366 399 3  508 135 373  370 55 315 13  127 47 80  -  40 22  712 286 426 42  46 23 23 11  52  24  _  12 12  314 24 290  915 382 533  840 398 442  600 314 286  558 297 261  79  -  284 60 224  _  12  -  12  284 60 224  314 24 290  825 292 533  749 320 429  512 226 286  -  -  90  91  1165 99 1066  1680 335 1345 1  2864 843 2021 145  -  830 45 785 1  -  116  -  -  -  69 66 66  4 4  -  12 12  18 9  10 10  10 5  _ -  1 1 -  _ -  . -  78 7 71  31 11 20  18 12 6  107 57 50 2  55 55  -  4 _ 4 1 158 51 107  481 172 309  125 1 124  92  79  154 45 109  92  366 151 215  5  40  102  40  102  344 150 194  _  5  -  88  192  74  114  56  137  2879 1179 1700 75  2252 544 1708 72  1996 847 1149 133  1315 570 745 62  978 373 605 46  827 239 588 41  681 60 621 57  138 8 130 6  132 31 101 18  45 22 23 3  40  16  96  1457 506 951 85  1923 915 1008 67  1070 163 907 27  456 154 302  -  590 277 313 3  75  136  348 102 246  -  -  -  8  525 50 475  704 280 424  -  -  -  -  _  _  14  -  -  14 -  71 10 61  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  75  136  -  -  -  _  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  4  -  -  -  -  -  52  5  .  .  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  .  .  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  .  .  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  10 9 1  13 13  .  .  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ 7  _ -  23  21 _ 21  _ -  36  _ 23 5  _ 36 36  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  274 1 273  38  19  38  95  19  _ 38  _ 19  _ 38  _ 95  _ 19  _ _ -  6  8  _  _  -  _ -  .  8  _ -  _  6  -  -  -  125  86  266  38  19  38  95  19  575 128 447 93  573 214 359 67  428 52 376 47  735 193 542 144  285 40 245 6  154 4 150 144  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  111  78  24  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  24  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  ■-  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  40  16  96  78  -  -  -  111 2  52 1 51  -  -  835 327 508 98  340 108 232 19  325 52 273 20  330 51 279 13  199 5 194 84  198 4 194 38  238 4 234 12  259 7 252 92  8 4 4 4  643 102 541 11  789 366 423 25  590 348 242 13  422 202 220 24  243 118 125 6  219 102 117 1  97 48 49 1  114 25 89 33  233 31 202 12  33 1 32  394 248 146 11  318 132 186  311 114 197 6  215 119 96 2  158 70 88 22  43 21 22 3  200 162 38 28  24 22 2 2  219 155 64 40  -  _  .  .  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  103  .  .  _  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  _  -  -  "  -  -  103 100  244 35 209 2  51 4 47 44  _  .  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  workers  (stand-  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of _  Middle range2  and 140  Payroll clerks......................................  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  292.50 272.50 306.00 380.50  275.00 271.00 276.00 352.50  230.00224.50241.50290.00-  338.00 307.00 365.00 506.50  _  _  Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  2,187 866 1,321 246  -  -  24  112 51 6ll  "  -  -  -  Key entry operators........................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  7,847 2,027 5,820 656  39.5 39.0 39.5 39.5  252.50 240.00 256.50 300.00  238.00 230.00 241.50 299.00  212.00193.50215.00259.00-  281.50 267.50 285.50 344.50  22  79  -  -  22 22  79 22  493 396 97 22  571 132 439  Key entry operators I..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  4,890 680 4,210 439  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  251.00 243.00 252.00 293.00  233.50 235.50 233.50 290.00  213.00222.00210.00253.50-  276.00 249.50 281.50 333.00  22  79  97  420  -  -  -  -  22 22  79 22  97 22  420  Key entry operators II.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  2,337 731 1,606 217  39.0 40.0 39.0 39.5  274.00 288.50 267.50 314.50  262.00 275.00 253.00 319.50  230.00241.50230.00280.00-  305.50 313.00 291.00 366.50  19  _  24  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  19  -  -  207 68 139 3  312 211 101 5  248 86 162 29  349 158 191 21  169 66 103 20  155 88 67 24  93 6 87 8  61 g 52 17  64 11 53 7  136 103 33 6  144  24  89  139 13  20 4  89 89  1477 266 1211 45  1469 454 1015 19  819 178 641 34  920 147 773 94  485 142 343 81  393 101 292 77  238 46 192 60  319 55 264 38  310 16 294 79  111 25 86 15  82 54 28 4  15 15  44  .  _ -  _ 44 44  1093 100 993 33  1044 362 682 6  421 66 355 31  523 58 465 67  308 36 272 61  188 19 169 23  190 28 162 57  222 3 219 23  196 3 193 16  39 5 34 8  4 _ 4 4  _ _ -  44 _ 44 44  340 122 218 12  381 48 333 13  398 112 286 3  393 89 304 27  177 106 71 20  205 82 123 54  48 18 30 3  97 52 45 15  114 13 101 63  72 20 52 7  78 54 24  15 15  . _  .  _  _  _  _ _  _ _  _ _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5  _  _  -  -  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _  _ -  _  _  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  hours1  of  140 Mean2  Median2  Middle range2 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  _ 540  _ 580  _ 620  _ 660  _ 700  _ 740  _  Computer systems analysts (business)........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  3,688 1,237 2,451 317  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  522.00 528.00 519.00 576.00  517.50 529.00 512.00 575.50  461.50460.00461.50519.00-  582.00 590.00 576.00 628.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  1  69  2  _ 1  _ 69  123 27 96  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) I.................................. Nonmanufacturing........................  865 517  39.5 39.0  441.50 439.00  442.00 443.00  405.00- 485.50 396.00- 494.00  "  -  -  -  -  _ -  2 2  1 1  1,477 458 1,019  39.5 40.0 39.5  508.00 522.50 501.00  510.00 523.50 506.00  465.50- 552.00 479.50- 575.00 461.00- 545.00  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ _ -  Computer systems analysts (business) III................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,294 407 887 109  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  593.50 612.50 585.00 639.00  596.00 610.00 585.00 633.00  557.00575.50546.50603.50-  635.00 650.50 633.00 691.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  3,793 1,094 2,699 273  39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0  418.00 419.00 417.50 441.00  409.50 402.50 418.00 448.50  340.00343.00339.50384.50-  480.00 494.50 480.00 498.50  _  _ -  _ -  _  -  25 22 3  77 46 31  "  -  1,201 289 912 80  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  332.00 326.00 334.00 363.50  333.50 309.50 333.50 384.50  296.50292.00299.50269.00-  369.50 382.00 365.50 416.00  -  -  _ -  _ _ -  22 22  77 46 31  Computer programmers (business) II................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,183 492 691 87  39.0 38.5 39.5 40.0  412.50 409.50 414.50 428.00  406.00 402.50 415.50 422.50  368.00368.00365.00379.00-  462.50 461.00 464.00 482.50  -  -  _ -  _ -  3  Computer programmers (business) III................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,036 253 783  39.5 39.5 39.5  509.00 555.50 493.50  500.00 558.00 483.00  448.00- 564.00 505.50- 603.00 441.00- 542.50  -  -  -  -  Computer operators........................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  * 3,735  313.50 319.50 311.00 335.00  309.50 310.50 308.50 352.50  268.50270.50265.00263.00-  _ -  59 50 9  180  1,143 2,592 349  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  Computer operators I..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,181 407 774  39.5 40.0 39.0  282.50 280.50 283.50  270.50 270.50 265.00  240.50- 317.50 257.00- 308.00 231.00- 317.50  _ -  _ -  59 50 9  Computer operators II.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,517 439 1,078 97  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  310.00 318.00 307.00 327.50  298.50 309.00 294.00 340.50  275.50276.00271.00258.00-  344.00 348.00 336.00 379.50  _  _  -  Computer operators III................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  950 297 653  39.5 39.5 39.5  357.50 375.50 349.50  350.00 355.00 350.00  330.00- 373.50 333.50- 412.50 328.00- 368.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  Computer programmers (business) I.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  351.00 355.00 351.00 376.00  -  _ -  780  328 112 216 22  743 222 521 22  608 160 448 69  601 227 374 50  367 139 228 59  333 106 227 36  130 63 67 33  83 24 59 18  19 6 13 4  5 4 1  -  276 147 129 4  65 65  75 50  137 33  209 134  197 108  154 112  23 10  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  4 _ 4  48 2 46  113 19 94  115 36 79  392 125 267  333 73 260  283 136 147  112 47 65  59 17 42  18 3 15  -  -  -  -  _ _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  2 _ 2  2 1 1  152 8 144  117 45 72 5  289 78 211 14  243 92 151 32  272 89 183 17  110 60 50 19  83 24 59 18  19 6 13 4  5 4 1  167  188 101 87  484 88 396 24  448 121 327 13  654 276 378 60  410 73 337 36  605 127 478 55  291 89 202 17  221 32 189 43  148 70 78 2  39 18 21 1  32 27 51  2 2  1  -  -  -  356 59 297 3  224 38 186 12  168 45 123 30  53 23 30 11  22 4 18 2  2 1 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  106 17 89 21  143 71 72 1  341 181 160 21  131 34 97 13  287 103 184 18  79 31 48 7  15 5 10 6  -  -  -  -  -  -  39 18 21  32 27 5  2 2  _ 167 21  158 _ 158 21  119 51 68 -  _ 9  69 50 19  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  10  17  _ 10  _ 17  74 14 60  174 16 158  238 20 218  171 57 114  154 27 127  123 70 53  190 27 163 34  317 141 176 33  356 104 252 11  558 142 416 22  825 290 535 35  770 188 582 140  235 99 136 25  166 63 103 6  47 27 20 15  26 10 16 6  5 1 4 4  1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  196 76 120  144 57 87  133 45 88  214 99 115  160 34 126  45 16 29  3 3  2  _ 90  135 27 108  _  _  _  -  2  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  _  90  46  -  90  _ 46 21  209 47 162 8  357 91 266 12  321 101 220 -  195 62 133 30  82 38 44 8  113 29 84 6  12 6 6 6  2  -  90 65 25 4  2 2  . _ _ -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  .9  9  3  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  9  9  3  66 6 60  259 90 169  393 92 301  98 45 53  50 31 19  33 21 12  24 10 14  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  “  -  -  _ 180 18 90  -  6  9  -  2 2  _ _ _ -  3  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  780 and over  _  _ _  5 1 4  2 2 -  1 1 -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  7 7  12 12  48 36  61 58  3 3  2 2  17 15  62 29  63 62  9 9  10  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  8  10  119 91 28  161 140 21  225 205 20  161 135 26  436 388 48  379 303 76  535 428 107  273 88 185  168 64 104  97 7 90  56 12 44  34  119  10  22 15 7  17  8  17  “ 34  119  "  "  -  18 13  85 67  125 107  31 31  27 27  89 77  9 7  1 1  17  _ -  _ -  -  -  ~  _  _  ~  ~  .  5 5  9 8  154 136  124 100  134 98  143 100  89 48  44 6  2  6  17  17  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  _ -  _  _  4 4  152 152  132 117  350 305  142 69  48 35  20  68  -  -  -  -  34  -  24 24  27  -  ■  -  -  ”  “  .  _  _  _  -  -  57 57  90 76  92 71  70 13  118 29  64 7  19 12  -  -  -  -  1 1  51  -  ~  -  24 24  48 48  96 61  267 244  686 249  217 173  805 486  852 476  1079 499  838 428  2443 356  140 75  80 32  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  35  23  36  4  2  169  274  201  2047  65  48  - •  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  24  48  25  22  53  99  160  97  88  17  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  525 88  32 26  200 147  449 276  432 161  318 117  2124 80  24 7  9 6  1 1  -  -  -  244 221  -  -  71 36  -  -  .  _  -  -  “  “  “  “  1 1  108 108  86 48  445 179  306 103  559 253  503 294  318 275  116 68  71 26  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  1 1  1 1  75 49 26  26 25 1  3 3  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  "  79 71 8  7 7  ”  57 40 17  301 240  39.0 39.0  281.50 273.50  285.50 242.50  222.00- 348.50 218.50- 348.50  7 7  2,820 1,876 944  40.0 40.0 40.0  376.50 337.50 454.00  364.50 335.00 439.50  299.50- 427.00 286.00- 390.00 365.00- 520.00  -  412 330  40.0 40.0  270.50 268.00  253.00 253.00  230.00- 313.00 240.00- 306.50  -  -  -  744 501  40.0 40.0  340.00 312.00  325.00 300.00  280.00- 364.50 278.50- 345.50  -  -  -  -  1,001 706  40.0 40.0  419.00 376.00  400.00 380.50  366.00- 439.50 331.50- 410.00  .  .  -  -  -  562 266  40.0 40.0  450.00 392.50  440.00 377.00  375.00- 494.00 348.50- 413.00  -  -  -  7,576 3,152  40.0 40.0  396.50 363.50  413.00 363.50  321.50- 467.50 298.50- 427.50  -  -  2,904  40.0  457.50  467.50  439.50- 496.00  -  634  40.0  312.00  310.00  275.50- 357.50  4,429 1,166  40.0 40.0  407.00 344.50  441.50 347.00  341.00- 467.50 262.50- 399.00  2,513 1,355  40.0 40.0  398.50 404.50  406.00 417.00  332.00- 445.00 352.50- 466.00  249 197 52  39.5 40.0 38.5  415.00 417.00 408.00  406.50 406.50 425.50  384.00- 441.00 385.00- 446.00 372.50- 439.50  10  .  .  _  -  -  -  -  -  .  .  .  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  780 and over.  7  -  -  -  —- —- —- —- —-  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men File clerks....................................................................  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Typists.............................................................. 482 461  38.5 38.5  Number of workers  3,859 1,259 2,600 52  934  39 0 39.0  40.0  250.00 Accounting clerks II:  40.0  1,835  39.0 39.5 39.0  225.00 269.50 208.00  Typists II..................................................................... Manufacturing.........................................................  1,325 560  39.5 39.5  240 00 263 50  Payroll clerks............................................ Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing............................. Transportation and utilities...........  1,729 718 1,011 187  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  288.00 262.50 306.50 382.50  File clerks............................................ Manufacturing.........................................................  4,080 344 3,736 139  38.5 39 5  Key entry operators................................ . Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing............................. .  7,200 1,936 5,264  39.5 39.0 39.5  250.00 242.00 252.50  40.0  196.50 230.50 193.50 274.00  2,581 2,350 111  39.0 38.5 40.0  186.50 183.50 247.00  Key entry operators I........................... Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................. Transportation and utilities...........  4,614 680 3,934 353  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  249.50 243.00 251.00 282.50  Key entry operators II.......................... Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................  2,010 684 1,326  39.0 40.0 38.5  269.50 292.00 258.00  Computer systems analysts (business).............................................. Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing..... ........................  2,646 882 1,764  39.5 40.0 39.0  531.50 539.50 527.00  Computer systems analysts (business) I....................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................  514 322  39.5 39.0  450.00 448.50  Computer systems analysts (business) II...................................... Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................  1,125 363 762  39.5 40.0 39.5  512.00 529.50 503.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III..................................... Manufacturing..................................... . Nonmanufacturing..............................  965 303 662  39.5 40.0 39.0  600.50 619.50 591.50  Computer programmers (business)...... . Manufacturing..................................... .  2,204 544  39.5 39.5  433.00 450.50  Computer programmers (business) I: Manufacturing..................................... .  109  40.0  353.50  Computer programmers (business) II: Manufacturing......................................  269  39.5  426.50  Computer programmers (business) III...................................... Manufacturing...................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................  742 142 600  39.5 39.5 39.5  509.00 581.50 492.00  Computer operators................................. Nonmanufacturing...............................  2,395 1,774  39.5 39.0  317.00 309.50  Transportation and utilities........ Nonmanufacturing..................................................  220.50  Accounting clerks III................................................. Nonmanufacturing...................................................  505 407  39.5 39.5  286.00 289.00  981  38.5  211.00  Accounting clerks IV................................................. Nonmanufacturing...................................................  557 485  39.5 39.5  323.50 324.50  471 399  39.0 38.5  212.50 209.50  385  39.0  311.50  39.0  Nonmanufacturing..................................................  1,746 289 1,457  39 0  220.50 282.50 208.00  Switchboard operatorreceptionists ............................................................. Manufacturing:........................................................ Nonmanufacturing.................................................. Transportation and utilities................................  3,200 969 2,231 135  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  225.00 221.00 227.00 289.00  39.5 39.5 39.5  253.50  Nonmanufacturing..................................................  3,375 1,609 1,766  256.00  2,633 1,138 1,495  39.5 39.5 39.0  236.00 246.00 229.00  39.5 39.5 39.5  323.00 325.50 321.00  Secretaries I.............................................................. Nonmanufacturing...................................................  3,430 3,132  39.5 39.5  293.50 296.00  Secretaries II............................................................. Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  4,042 1,812 2,230  39.5 39.5 39.0  288 50 286.50 290.00  8,170 4,021 4,149  39 5 39.5 39.5  327.50 316 50 338.00  2^150  39.0  343.50  813 448 74  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  398.50 404.50 393.50 471.50  Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  846 292 554  40.0 39.5  349.50 316.50  Stenographers II.......................................................  586  39.5  325.50  Nonmanufacturing..................................................  Switchboard operators................................................  742  40.0  314.00  Accounting clerks................................................... 15,555 Manufacturing......................................................... 5,188 Nonmanufacturing.................................................. 10,367  39 5 40.0 39.5  259.00 264.00 256.50  Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing..................................................  2,395 228 2,167  39 5 40.0 39.5  201.00 206.50 200.50  Accounting clerks II................................................. Manufacturing......................................................... Nonmanufacturing..................................................  6,946 2,234 4,712  39.5 39.5 39.5  249.00 233.00 257.00  Transportation and utilities................................  4,039 1,647 2,392 194  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  286.00 279.50 290.00 398.50  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1 305.00 316.50 293.00 413.00  39.0  21,475 9,357 12,118  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard) 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  242  women  Number Of workers  2,132 1,079 1,053 131  210.00 214.00  Accounting clerks:  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Accounting clerks IV........................... Manufacturing.................................... Nonmanufacturing............................. Transportation and utilities..........  226.50 225.00  244.50  39.0 39.5  Weekly earnings (in dollars) 230.00 267.00 212.50 240.50  2,534 578 431  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Average (mean2)  8  Professional and technical occupations - men  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Average (mean3) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  186  40.0  293.00  926 681  39.5 39.0  317.00 310.00  Professional and technical occupations - women  Nonmanufacturing...................................................  739 549  39.5 39.5  359.50 352.00  Computer systems analysts (business)..................................................................  Computer data librarians.............................................  140  39.0  253.50  2,422 1,608 814  40.0 40.0 40.0  377.50 334.00 463.00  Computer systems analysts  355 288  40.0 40.0  272.00 266.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II........................................................... Manufacturing..........................................................  600 403  40.0 40.0  329.00 302.50  874 607  40 0 40 0  420.00 373 00  Computer operators I: Manufacturing..........................................................  Manufacturing..........................................................  Number of workers  2,411 1,310  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  40.0 40.0  399 50 403.50  Average (mean3) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  99  39.5  526.50  221  40.0  161 123  39.5 39.5  306.00 301.00  268  39.5  379.00 361.50  Manufacturing..........................................................  98  39.5 39.0  385.00 352.50  Manufacturing..........................................................  126 99  40.0 40.0  397.00  239  40.0  371.50  80  Computer programmers (business) III:  Computer operators: 976 322 654  39.5 40.0 39.5  494.00 490.00 495.50  351 195  39 5 39.0  422.50  336 89 247  39.5 40.0 39.5  495.00 494.00 495.00  279 202  39 5 39.5  570 00 562.50  Computer operators 1:  Computer systems analysts  Electronics technicians: 523 248  40.0 40.0  450.00 387.00  2,913  40.0  363.00  Electronics technicians:  Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing..........................................................  517  520 1,086  40.0 40.0  304.50 342.50  386.50 Electronics technicians II:  Computer programmers (business) II: Manufacturing..........................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .  Computer programmers (business) I: 168  Electronics technicians II: Manufacturing..........................................................  38.0  9  214  39.0  37.0  308.00  387.00  40.0  373.50  Electronics technicians III........................................  102  40.0  376.00  Manufacturing..........................................................  242 193  39.5 40.0  414 00 416.00  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean*  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 4.00 and under 4.40  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  Maintenance carpenters.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  438 297 141 55  11.11 11.10 11.13 11.58  11.62 11.44 11.77 11.86  10.11-11.99 10.11-12.10 10.14-11.86 11.36-11.86  Maintenance electricians................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,865 1,511 354 99  12.42 12.67 11.35 12.24  11.77 11.60 11.94 12.80  10.23-13.08 10.31-13.00 7.80-14.59 10.95-12.80  Maintenance painters........................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  397 240 157  10.62 10.74 10.44  11.39 9.59-11.75 11.39 10.00-11.67 11.38 8.00-11.86  _ -  _ -  _ -  Maintenance machinists.................... Manufacturing...............................  604 409  11.60 10.91  11.10 10.00-12.71 11.06 9.84-11.10  _ -  _ -  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)..................................... Manufacturing...............................  6,004 5,204  10.14 10.03  10.25 9.07-11.10 10.10 9.07-10.86  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles).............................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,648 372 1,276 850  11.80 10.41 12.20 12.25  11.77 10.51 12.43 12.68  11.23-13.50 8.38-11.41 11.44-13.87 11.23-13.87  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing...............................  87 87  11.37 11.37  11.62 10.81-12.15 11.62 10.81-12.15  Maintenance trades helpers............ Manufacturing...............................  738 617  7.29 7.15  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing...............................  549 501  Tool and die makers.......................... Manufacturing...............................  _ -  _ -  _ "  _  -  _ -  2  2  4  4  2  2  4  4  -  -  -  "  _ -  3 1 2  14 10 4  9 7 2  48 48  29 13 16 12  29 29  14.40 and over  146 76 70 23  70 55 15 3  34 24 10 10  3 3  -  38 31 7 7 173 165 8 8  123 90 33  330 266 64 64  171 171  64 64  -  205 182 23 8  -  -  -  3 3  -  -  -  -  _ -  41 22 19  24 24  122 122  159 159  -  -  -  -  234 215 19 19  8 8  10 10  6 6  -  49 1 48  -  -  -  15 12 3  38 31 7  57 40 17  107 63 44  40 25 15  21 10 11  15 9 6  _ -  -  . -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ "  98  _ -  _ -  2  24 24  2  2  -  2  2  1 1  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  12 12  12 12  62 62  71 71  7 7  169 169  3 2  14 11  157 17  46 1  48 45  3  -  -  -  -  -  -  74 74  162 162  566 370  259 259  113 111  576 575  347 347  782 778  630 549  1351 1307  116 84  716 276  270 270  8 8  18 18  16 16  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  51 50 1 1  5  1 1  6 6  116 2 114 112  40 39 1 1  11 7 4 4  87 55 32 30  167 77 90 84  300 36 264 42  224 14 210 102  88 2 86 46  135 24 111 75  341 7 334 324  14 14  -  62 44 18 18  6  5 5  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ "  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  3 3  _ -  7 7  1 1  26 26  24 24  26 26  _ -  _  -  _ -  _ -  5.10- 9.87 5.00- 9.87  100 100  _ -  98 98  38 24  24 24  1 1  57 51  94 78  18 5  17 1C  21 3  12  9  -  -  35 12  160 160  49 40  5 5  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  10.68 10.69  10.15 9.81-12.05 10.00 9.81-12.08  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  24 24  54 54  24 24  182 182  48  61 61  18 18  70 70  68 68  _ -  _ -  _  -  1,868 1,868  11.82 11.82  12.00 11.00-12.90 12.00 11.00-12.90  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 12  4 4  214 214  169 169  209 209  189 189  495 495  115 115  426 426  _  -  35 35  _  -  -  -  761 Stationary engineers.......................... 248 Manufacturing............................... 513 Nonmanufacturing........................ * All workers were at $14.40 to $15.00. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  11.09 11.21 11.04  11.77 10.50-12.10 12.01 8.86-13.01 11.77 10.50-12.10  2  12  4  6  4  6  2  -  -  -  -  -  4  6  2  152 11 141  25 7 18  30 15 15  247 64 183  89 40 49  35 23 12  -  6  30 20 10  -  4  33 4 29  _  -  12  21 13 8  _  -  2  63 51 12   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6.91 6.85  _ -  _ “  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  10  98 -  -  121 31 * 90 _  -  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers  14,229 2,319 11,910 4,957  Mean2  Median2  9.89 9.03 10.06 10.82  10.42 9.14 10.79 12.90  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  7.75-12.15 6.50-10.90 7.75-12.16 7.75-13.02  3.20 and under 3.60  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.80  10.40  11.00  11.60  12.20  12.80  13.40  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.80  10.40  11.00  11.60  12.20  12.80  13.40  14.00  92  180  90  _ 92  _ 180  _ 90  166 74 92  241 24 217  -  -  -  -  -  71 16 55 7  598 177 421 320  1161 102 1059 104  265 75 190 100  1973 375 1598 270  1178 85 1093 81  229 166 63 29  2351  179  2351 2351  179 179  22 21  _ -  12 12  3  46  46  70  -  -  -  -  48 48  -  150 15  27 27  -  -  -  -  29 29  344  6 6 4  82 72 10 1  898 8 890 12  72 9 63 57  386 13 373 50  _ -  70 70  _ -  870  344 1  870 870  _ -  141 6 6  11 3 3  8 1 1  36 29  387 245 220  245 227  243 66  136  ~  109 93 38  “  —  -  416 416 416  179 179 179  163 24 139  82 50 32  613 191 422  795 7 788  1217 45 1172  63  156  -  _ -  414 98 316  63  156  -  138 90  62 62  12 12  78  -  -  78 4  53 24 29  152 35 117  258 124 134  82 80 2  -  -  -  -  246 53 193 1  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1 1  _ -  309 303 303  121 108 108  176 170 72  1  _ -  _ -  19  19  96  19  19  96  _ -  _ -  1017  19  _ -  19  _  50 50  108 62  134 132  108 12  267 100  180 156  70 18  128 126  105 53  85 71  21 15  120 116  4 4  4 2  24 24  59 55  _ -  32 32  _ -  _ -  _ -  126 52 74  393 77 316  185 32 153  34 32 2  73 71 2  111 13 98  194 6 188  37 31 6  32 32  -  132 60 72  -  45 31 14  232 29 203  109 1 108  47 44 3  71 8 63  6  _ -  74 74  67  _ _  6  _ -  _ -  101 74  207 204  153 151  314 295  130 30  154 144  26 26  39 39  1 1  _  -  32 24  _  -  _ -  i 71  -  76 74  5  _  12 12  50  _  24 24  -  -  _ -  252  126  374  _ 126  _ 374  126 80 46  131 18 113  -  -  617 394 223 21  "  672 110 562 10  209 22 187 41  291 168 123 27  202 168 34 33  182 154 28 28  1073 81 992 31  518 117 401 72  243 40 203 95  298 201 97 45  111 66 45 37  327 7 320  “  273 203 70 42  374 374  “  246 229 17 12  61 45 16 16  57  _  304  5£8  139  238^  48  55  278  48  -  48  288  -  -  -  - *"3230"  712  398  -  ~  -  180  90  _  _  _  Transportation and utilities.....  3,700 591 3,109 1,000  9.52 7.58 9.89 12.53  9.20 6.99 9.21 12.90  7.55-12.08 6.41- 9.14 8.25-12.90 12.90-12.90  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ -  Transportation and utilities.....  2,519 1,847 1,347  10.44 10.35 10.38  10.90 8.38-12.50 10.42 7.44-13.02 10.42 7.15-13.02  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ -  4,741 483 4,258  10.24 10.04 10.26  10.70 8.31-12.10 10.70 9.00-10.70 11.00 7.75-12.10  _ _  . _ _  1,499 1,028  6.63 6.88  6.30 5.54- 7.45 6.49 5.61- 7.72  _  1,968 593 1,375  7.44 6.90 7.68  7.13 6.40 7.45  5.79- 9.70 5.57- 8.18 5.79- 9.70  _ _  -  -  1017  68 68  67  -  1,395 1,169  7.35 7.36  6,763 2,477 4,286 567 3 4 ‘■tf -6^76  7.67 7.47 7.79 9.31 • A29  1,657 1,557  5.48 5.42  5.31 4.05- 6.15 4.95 4.05- 6.10  244 244  46 46  217 217  80 80  222 220  300 300  23 23  188 140  64 14  36 36  25 25  35 35  36 36  56 56  1 1  4 4  14 14  66 66  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  4,249 1,947 2,302 1,462  7.40 5.17 9.28 11.11  6.08 4.35-11.43 4.70 4.20- 5.66 10.20 6.50-12.90 12.90 8.45-12.90  416 188 228  72 48 24  604 547 57  409 294 115  88 43 45  158 104 54  335 333 2  255 255  40  40  4  4  56 14 42  40  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  141 59 82 82  _  4  104 15 89  972  4  27 26 1 1  26  40  106 1 105 21  40  40 36  18 18  -  334 2 332 324  ~  “  26 26  972 972  _ -  8.07 6.83 9.94  6.72 6.00-11.42 6.01 5.64- 6.76 11.45 9.38-11.92  _ _ _  .  _ -  124 124  524 524  -  -  250 146 104  -  -  15 11 4  1 1  -  439 391 48  87 87  _  998 992 6  14 14  _  470 190 280  10 2 8  595 101 494  44 8 36  60 33 27  675 187 488  544 160 384  27 24 3  204  _  136 136  204  ~  8.69 8.84 ■5 if i  9.56 7.13-10.13 9.56 7.86-10.22 4.H3 3JS - Lc  _  _  -  98 79 lo£c *T877 13 -TSW  7 7  -  7 7  7 7  19 19  4 4  211 211  38 38  117 117  _  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  393 224 213 94 147 329 170 -680 -set SC -99 3^259 11 HA 1® 3% «• 17 29 1(T9tr ff-ttn ll 16? ‘“'134 T4T "819 —2T3 —738 -----TT9- ---- TT9 —m ------37 —m  184 184  58 58  3  2 / 2  _  5,217 3,131 2,086  7.54 6.67 8.48 9.23 S b5 9:89  6.12- 9.00 6.09- 8.71 6.20- 9.20 7.84-10.42  252  - «4.80- 9.89 564  Power-truck operators 520 501 i Guards.................................................. is"®?2? Manufacturing............................... 50,900 Nonmanufacturing........................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  599 203 396 7  108 12  5.14- 8.78 5.67- 6.62  See footnotes at end of tables.  1050 30 1020 1020  26 12  6.00 6.00  Transportation and utilities.....  434 71 363 73  373 233 140  12 12  6.66 6.79  Transportation and utilities.....  203 93 110 108  1714 318 1396  -  685 151 534 303  192 114 78 1  202 198  1,180 447  7.00 6.23- 7.60 6.90 6.23- 9.01  205 12 193 4  •‘SICX  8t£4  A.16.  —8.70  i*¥ nTt  B'V ~T34T5 -03+5 72 84 11 4^6 -t0©62- -tOTTT -T8343 623T  6.od-i oig  J-IS 559 ~498-  5S<-  11  -  •  12 12  -  .  .  -  -  %  “  71  57 57  _ -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Guards I............................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  43,438 1,543 41,895  4.29 7.88 4.15  Guards II........................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  -4t^M 1,208  ss  19,148 4,574 14,574 313  6.05 6.41 5.94 9.43  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  6.40  Median2  Middle range2  4.00 3.70- 4.47 7.43 6.00-10.13 4.00 3.70- 4.32 W3<( -6.25 &T6=-S36 6.15 6.15- 6.35 6.60 5.54 6.60 9.02  4.50- 6.74 4.40- 8.77 4.50- 6.73 8.55-10.49  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.20 and under 3.60 9102 _  9102  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.80  10.40  11.00  11.60  12.20  12.80  13.40  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.80  10.40  11.00  11.60  12.20  12.80  13.40  14.00  6888 16015 11 72 6877 15943  5955 84 5871  1659 13 1646  420 60 360  728 113 615  19 18  133 126  1226 742 484  964 243 721  1310 212 1098  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  98  1727 334 1393  961 499 462  1141 250 891  -  -  -  1466 308 1158 3  602 224 378 21  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  377 234 143  Hr 676  356 163 193  654 13 641  147 38 109  101 18 83  202 71 131  64 34 30  133 112 21  37 36 1  282 153 129  71 71  184 184  58 58  3 3  -  _  _  _  24 20  102 97  23 10  46 36  127 68  27 7  80 47  .57  111 5  153  -  -  -  -  -  6435 50 6385 1  730 81 649  188 65 123  518 434 84 71  408 287 121 106  328 116 212 10  197 158 39 9  256 228 28 12  63 23 40 34  40  -  163 79 84 1  153 109 44  -  272 132 140 5  _  2 2 _  -  -  _  _ _  _  40 40  _  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men 417 297 120  11.07 11.10 11.01  Manufacturing.......................................................................  1,822 1,510 312  12.42 12.67 11.20  388 240 148  10.59 10.74 10.36  604 409  11.60 10.91  5,980 5,180  10.15 10.04  1,635 372 1,263 849  11.79 10.41 12.20 12.26  87 87  11.37 11.37  724 615  7.24 7.14  548 500  10.67 10.69  1,861  11.82 11.82  689 248 441  11.21 11.51  Maintenance mechanics  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).........................................  Nonmanufacturing................................................................  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Truckdrivers................................................................................ Manufacturing....................................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................................  13,218 2,314 10,904 4,790  9.80 9.03 9.96 10.79  Material handling laborers.........................................................  Truckdrivers, light truck......................................................... Manufacturing.......................................................................  1,097 445  6.63 6.77  Forklift operators.........................................................................  Truckdrivers, medium truck................................................... Manufacturing.......................................................................  3,688 590  9.52 7.57  991  Manufacturing....................................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................................ Shippers......................................................................................  Warehousemen..........................................................................  Order fillers.................................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance carpenters........................................................... Manufacturing....................................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................................  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).............................................................................  Sex,® occupation, and industry division  13  Transportation and utilities..............................................  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)................................................................. Manufacturing........................................................................ Guards..........................................................................................  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  777 681  5.87 5.80  3,602 2,182 1,462  7.58 9.34 11.11  5,092 3,081 2,011  8.06 6.83 9.95  510 491  8.66 8.81  45,435 1,732 43,703  4.31 7.82 4.17  2,439 1,769 1,347  10 39 10 28 10.38  4,537 483 4,054  10.16 10.04 10.17  37,251 1,265 35,986  4.27 7.23 4.16  1,160 881  6.70 6.88  1,584  7.30  1,527 522 1,005  7.77 6.88 8.23  13,787 3,900 9,887 274  6.00 6.31 5.87 9.53  1,329 1,138  7.34 7.32  5,603 2,052 3,551 402  7.44 7.16 7.61 9.33  Shipping packers......................................................................... Manufacturing........................................................................  876 876  5.13 5.13  6,117  8.65  Nonmanufacturing.................................................................  4,737 4,287  6.26 6.12  Janitors, porters, and cleaners................................................. Manufacturing........................................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................................. Transportation and utilities.............................................. Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., selected periods All industries Period5  Indexes (October 1977 = 100): October 1980........................................................................................................... October 1981........................................................................................................... Percent increases: October 1973 to October 1974............................................................................ October 1974 to October 1975............................................................................ October 1975 to October 1976............................................................................ October 1976 to October 1977............................................................................ October 1977 to October 1978............................................................................ October 1978 to October 1979............................................................................ October 1979 to October 1980............................................................................ October 1980 to October 1981............................................................................  Manufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  130.8 147.9  133.2 150.2  132.8 146.3  7.2 8.2 7.0 6.6 9.6 8.6 9.9 13.1  9.3 9.2 7.8 7.4 9.6 8.4 12.1 12.8  7.9 8.2 7.4 8.8 8.1 9.7 12.0 10.2  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  129.1 143.4 7.0 8.6 7.3 7.4 7.8 9.8 9.0 11.1  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  132.7 145.8  128.6 142.9  5.6 6.4 12.4 6.7 8.2 11.7 9.8 9.9  6.7 8.7 7.7 7.2 6.9 9.7 9.6 11.1  Nonmanufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  129.0 147.1  133.2 149.7  133.7 149.1  131.3 144.3  129.6 144.0  132.4 149.1  133.4 151.9  133.3 146.5  7.5 10.0 6.4 6.3 8.8 8.4 9.4 14.0  9.5 9.3 8.0 7.5 9.1 8.7 12.3 12.4  8.1 8.5 7.1 8.6 8.2 10.5 11.8 11.5  7.4 7.2 7.8 5.7 7.1 8.5 13.0 9.9  7.2 8.6 7.2 7.5 8.4 10.0 8.7 11.1  7.1 7.1 7.4 6.8 10.4 8.7 10.3 12.6  8.5 8.8 7.3 7.0 11.0 7.7 11.6 13.9  4.8 6.0 14.4 7.1 8.7 12.9 8.6 9.9  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Secretaries I  II  III  Stenographers IV  V  I  II  100 Secretaries I........................................................................................................ 91 85 75 64 97 114 Secretaries II....................................................................................................... 100 67 110 116 108 88 79 Secretaries III...................................................................................................... 100 117 113 85 72 121 107 100 Secretaries IV...................................................................................................... 133 127 117 84 134 113 Secretaries V....................................................................................................... 100 150 139 163 156 119 124 Stenographers I.................................................................................................. 100 83 87 87 74 61 90 100 Stenographers II................................................................................................. 93 94 88 81 103 111 Typists I............................................................................................................... 73 85 74 68 58 101 90 Typists II............................................................................................................... 84 80 77 66 54 102 79 File clerks I.......................................................................................................... 85 71 72 61 49 96 77 c) File clerks II......................................................................................................... 84 76 67 61 94 78 File clerks III........................................................................................................ 77 74 65 56 102 75 86 68 66 68 61 50 66 Messengers......................................................................................................... 78 Switchboard operators...................................................................................... 88 89 82 77 66 103 93 Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................................................................................... 93 81 75 69 64 0 82 o Cl Order clerks I...................................................................................................... 91 96 79 77 72 Order clerks II..................................................................................................... <*) 104 121 109 101 0 122 Accounting clerks I............................................................................................. 89 76 74 60 57 102 90 Accounting clerks II............................................................................................ 80 95 87 71 62 100 82 Accounting clerks III........................................................................................... 102 95 89 79 67 106 95 Accounting clerks IV ........................................................................................ 112 113 101 90 78 121 107 Payroll clerks....................................................................................................... 103 100 94 91 78 111 97 Key entry operators I......................................................................................... 85 80 68 61 101 88 93 Key entry operators II........................................................................................ 62 105 99 93 89 76 94 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings in establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the table stub are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the column heading at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, reading across the Secretaries II row, the 110 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 110 percent of (or 10 percent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Typists I  II  117 137 134 147 172 99 112 100  118 125 130 151 185 98 126 94  106 90 96 105 86 110  100  110 o  99 141  c)  104 107 120 130 139 110 115  85 94 102 84 111  File clerks I  118 141 139 164 203 105 130 111 117 100  II  III  119 131 149 165  117 129 135 154 178 98 133 96 98  C)  106 128 104 107 90  C)  111  100  93  o  107 85 113  100  96 125  86 104  Switch­ Switch­ board Mes­ Order clerks board opera­ sen­ opera­ tor gers I II tors -recep­ tionists 147 151 148 165 202 128 153 116 119 104 117 116 100  114 113 122 129 151 97 108 91 90 80 88 96 79  126  100  118 106 104 119 w 138 C) 129 c) C) 226 o (*i 109 106 111 107 116 109 127 114 100 124 121 134 127 111 134 142 129 140 130 155 119 136 120 125 142 106 117 111 105 118 110 129 110 121 135 more than) the earnings of Secretaries I.  98 105 <*> 100 103 114 122 112 102 104  See appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  14  108 123 133 144 157  110 104 126 130 139  o  o c)  121 91 101 85 94 96 84 102  0 71 72 o c)  77 96  100  98  102 117 93 106 122 125 120 102 113  100  135 85 101 111 115 121 93 108  Accounting clerks  Key entry operators  II  III  IV  cl  112 131 135 166 176 98 111 96 95 91 90 94 86 100  105 114 124 141 160 100 121 93 92 79 88 100 81 97  98 105 112 127 149 94 105 84 83 75 79 90 75 87  89 88 99 112 128 82 93 77 71 78 72 77 65 82  97 100 106 110 129 90 103 72 84 73 83 80 70 89  108 117 126 146 165 99 113 91 94 85 90 95 84 98  101 107 113 131 161 95 107 87 91 77 83 91 74 97  85 74  108 118 ci 100  95 99 141 90 100  82 90 119 80 87  115 130 115 99 107  80 87 106 78 77 87  116 99 87 98  83 83 127 84 87 101 108  98 108 140 91 101 114 124 118  89 93  100 c)  (‘i 96 83 91 99 0 82 <■> 0 44 o ci o  71 84 94 78 72 C)  1  Payroll clerks  111 125 129 119 110 112  100  100  92 81 88  I  100  85 98  II  o  100  90 93 102 114 102 85  118  100  Table A-9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100  Computer systems analysts (business) I..................................................................................................... Computer systems analysts (business) II......................................................................................................................... Computer systems analysts (business) III........................................................................................................................ Computer programmers (business) I..................................................................................................... Computer programmers (business) II......................................................................................................................... Computer programmers (business) III....................................................................................................................... Computer operators I........................................................................................ Computer operators II ..................................................................................... Computer operators III....................................................................................................... Computer data librarians...................................................................................  Electronics technicians I................................................................................... Electronics technicians II.................................................................................. Electronics technicians III................................................................................. Registered industrial nurses ........................................................................... See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A Also see footnotes at end of tables.  Computer programmers (busi­ ness)  Computer systems analysts (business)  Occupation for which earnings are compared  Electronics technicians  1  II  III  I  II  III  I  II  III  Comput­ er data librarians  100  82  71  126  115  o  153  126  113  155  0  119  108  122  100  85  146  122  106  170  155  137  178  177  147  126  141  117  100  168  143  125  201  184  165  214  215  178  150  60  100  82  65  124  108  92  125  147  118  100  122  100  77  148  133  114  137  156  129  155 81 92 109 80 68 84 100 120 79 94 106 116  129 67 75 88 73 64 77 93 99 74 88 100 105  100  196  51 58 70 52 48 57 74 81 56 66 80 80  100  173 84  144 72 83  194 99 114 127  210 103 126 142  100 o  c) 100  177 94 109 116 92 77  109 129 112  131 156 161 116 135 152 156  80 87  68 82  70  95 80 50 65 59 65 54 80 73 60 89 47 65 56 0 46 56 56 68 84 93 80 67 70 83 93 65 55 84 60 84 71 75 104 87 68 96 81 for method of computation. o  Computer operators  100  119 139 101 97 106 141 141 117 81 155 137  120 88 79 92 117 125 94 103 129 122  100  79 70 86 105 112 83 93 117 104  o  125 151 122  Drafters II  1  II  107  119  119  96  104  120  154  142  115  124  142  181  166  134  146  84  126  107  95  86  107  101  135  113  100  95  119 131 100 113 129 122  124 71 80 89 89 62 76 91  180 86 107 121  100  135 71 86 95 77 64 84 110 83 94 107 108  152 123 97 108 80 74 89 106 125 84  124 73 82 96 82 64 82 92 96 75  100  125 64 78 85 66 66 78 94 103 73 81  123  100  99  o  101  100  III  IV  V  100  o  100  86 100 120 150  66 80 97 104  120 138 134  100  III  Regis­ tered in­ dustrial nurses  c)  Table A-IO.Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  100 Maintenance carpenters.............................................................................................................. 130 Maintenance electricians...................................................................................................... >...... 98 Maintenance painters.................................................................................................................... 108 Maintenance machinists.............................................................................................................. Maintenance mechanics 99 (machinery)................................................................................................................................. Maintenance mechanics 98 (motor vehicles)......................................................................................................................... 102 Maintenance sheet-metal workers.............................................................................................. 80 Maintenance trades helpers........................................................................................................ 101 Machine-tool operators (toolroom)............................ ................................................................ 107 Tool and die makers..................................................................................................................... 101 Stationary engineers...................................................................................................................... See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Sheet-metal workers  Trades helpers  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  Mechanics Carpenters  Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles  101 116 93 113  102 119 97 111  98 122 97 105  125 172 120 133  99 105 94 103  94 97 92 95  99 146 97 108  67 97  100  93 103 82  122  100  87  107  88  100  98  100  120  96  83  94  84 82 58 95 103 69  103 103 83 106 108 103  90 95 75 97 106 93  102 100 83 105 120 106  100  96  105 74 102 107 101  100  134 127  79 96 104 104  100  98 104 c)  « 155 132  94 96 64 95  106 102  100  99 97 76 98 105  95  100  77 100  102 148  15  100  Table A-11.Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Truckdrivers Light truck  Medium truck  Heavy truck  T ractortrailer  Truckdrivers, light truck................................................ 100 o ci 81 Truckdrivers, medium truck......................................... o 100 96 95 Truckdrivers, heavy truck............................................ cl 105 100 95 Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......................................... 123 106 105 100 Shippers ...................................................................... 107 96 86 0 Receivers........................................................................ 95 96 91 96 Shippers and receivers................................................ 109 103 o 98 Warehousemen............................................................ 104 97 87 94 Order fillers.................................................................... <•) <•> o 92 Shipping packers........................................................... c) 84 o 60 Material handling laborers............................................ 84 96 96 88 Forklift operators.......................................................... <•) 97 92 92 Power-truck operators (other than forklift)..................................................... <•) 86 o 88 Guards I.......................................................................... 96 79 65 92 Guards II.......................................................................... 95 88 87 <’) Janitors, porters, and cleaners................................... 86 87 80 78 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers  Shippers and receivers  Receivers  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Power-truck  Guards  operators  (other than forklift)  1  II  porters, and cleaners  93 104 116 o 100 99 c) 92 81 65 73 103  105 104 110 104 101 100 (■> 100 87 87 83 101  92 97 o 102 « o 100 96 c) c) 85 94  96 103 115 106 109 100 104 100 104 81 88 96  0 0 o 109 123 115 o 96 100 101 99 o  o 119 o 166 153 115 o 123 99 100 100 105  120 104 104 114 137 120 118 114 101 100 100 104  («) 103 108 108 97 99 106 104 C) 95 96 100  («) 116 C) 114 112 («) (8) 98 (•) (#) 97 102  105 127 109 154 108 102 104 101 84 96 98 100  105 114 (*) 115 108 93 («) 98 (6) 95 99 113  116 114 124 129 126 126 120 128 104 105 111 119  89 93 93 79  ci 98 107 79  M 96 « 04  102 99 102 78  0 119 c) 96  o 104 105 96  103 102 101 90  98 100 89 84  100 (*) 99 79  (•) 100 (*) 102  101 (*) 100 80  126 98 124 100  16  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  Secretaries.......................................... Manufacturing............................... Non manufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  19,082 8,129 10,953 1,540  39.5 39.5 39.0 38.0  331.00 332.00 330.00 339.50  325.00 326.00 323.00 329.00  276.00280.50274.00277.00-  Secretaries I.................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  3,158 2,906  39.5 39.5  300.50 302.00  276.00 277.00  247.00- 373.50 247.00- 373.50  _ -  Secretaries II................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  3,119 1,139 1,980 482  39.0 40.0 39.0 37.5  296.50 302.00 293.50 317.00  283.50 295.00 277.00 277.00  253.50265.00252.00255.00-  330.00 337.00 325.50 394.00  _ -  -  Secretaries III.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  7,000 3,762 3,238 620  39.5 39.5 39.0 38.0  330.00 317.50 345.00 328.00  321.00 287.00- 375.00 311.00 276.00- 350.00 330.00 298.00- 391.00 305.00 276.00- 375.00  -  4  Secretaries IV................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  3,349 2,153 1,196 286  39.0 39.5 39.0 37.5  357.50 354.00 363.00 373.00  352.00 354.00 346.50 362.50  310.50310.00314.00321.00-  Secretaries V................................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  541 293 248  39.5 39.5 39.0  417.00 420.00 413.00  414.50 421.00 410.00  381.00- 455.00 391.00- 456.50 368.00- 437.00  Stenographers.................................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  801 605 248  39.5 39.0 39.5  319.50 305.00 329.50  315.00 306.50 333.00  264.50- 367.00 261.00- 345.00 291.00- 364.50  Stenographers I.............................. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  333  39.5  320.00  332.00  216  39.0  325.50  383.50 380.00 385.00 394.00  _  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  8 1 7  84 1 83  408 195 213  "  -  _ -  7 7  _ -  -  -  4  -  947 378 569 16  1762 658 1104 149  1896 742 1154 270  2011 800 1211 148  1879 942 937 147  1810 929 881 97  1455 810 645 85  1685 628 1057 92  1788 631 1157 242  2226 909 1317 156  887 397 490 105  166 67 99 16  45 26 19 9  76 75  177 168  352 321  507 453  493 452  290 256  114 93  113 78  130 115  292 289  305 303  269 264  33 32  -  -  1 1  _  -  _ -  98 65 33  236 55 181 4  633 115 518 124  478 173 305 133  453 199 254 10  294 137 157 4  252 120 132 9  151 92 59 20  140 65 75 18  243 64 179 123  115 41 74 36  25 12 13 1  -  _ -  _ -  120 116 4 -  283 248 35 12  458 367 91 22  639 337 302 129  919 441 478 118  1014 567 447 85  868 478 390 48  615 397 218 24  464 202 262 33  411 165 246 32  741 307 434 52  429 122 307 61  39 15 24 4  44 44  124 122 2  237 95 142 12  399 192 207 52  426 239 187 37  334 231 103 32  395 270 125 30  329 254 75 24  452 280 172 47  252 171 81 40  92 32 60 2  1 1  64 15 49  40 17 23  91 46 45  153 72 81  113 88 25  30 20 10  7 3 4  11 7 4  39 -  -  -  -  -  5 1 4 2  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  36 23 13 5  3 2 1 1  _  _  5  1  4  1  -  _  _  ,  1 1  -  -  _  _  _  -  5 5  -  -  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  216 188 28 4  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ _  _ _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  23 22 1  -  2 1 1  _  _  _  -  -  -  2 2  -  -i  -  -  34 33 1  64 60 12  65 48 8  96 89 28  80 67 22  75 57 28  96 84 38  52 46 27  70 43 37  42 32 26  86 44 21  261.00- 371.00  -  -i  -  2  20  28  22  33  21  30  36  27  41  32  41  -  -  -  -  -  -  333.00  283.50- 364.50  -  -  -  -  1  12  7  27  19  25  35  26  27  22  15  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  399.00 396.00 406.50 417.50  -  Stenographers II.............................  468  39.5  319.50  310.50  270.50- 360.50  -  -  -  -  14  36  43  63  59  45  60  25  29  10  45  39  _  Typists................................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  2,271 777 1,494  39.0 39.5 39.0  255.00 296.00 234.00  230.00 302.50 218.50  188.50- 327.00 195.50- 400.50 186.50- 265.00  2  369 112 257  331 66 265  278 57 221  209 12 197  204 61 143  141 23 118  55 17 38  38 25 13  102 30 72  156 66 90  107 70 37  22 2 20  186 186  13 13  2  57 36 21  1 1  Typists I........................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,114 425 689  39.0 39.5 38.5  249.50 306.00 214.50  229.50 324.00 207.00  176.00- 288.00 240.00- 374.00 175.00- 248.50  _  21  274 88 186  114  102 4 98  119 47 72  93 22 71  51 14 37  36 23 13  26 23 3  23 23  69 69  2 2  97 97  1 1  114  86 12 74  Typists II.......................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,157 352 805  39.5 39.5 39.0  260.50 283.50 250.50  231.50 233.00 230.00  217 66 151  192 45 147  107 8 99  85 14 71  48 1 47  4 3 1  2 2  133 43 90  38 1 37  20  89 89  12 12  20  File clerks............................................ Nonmanufacturing........................  2,615 2,446  38.5 38.5  207.00 201.50  File clerks I...................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,674 1,573  38.5 38.5  File clerks II..................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  795 750  File clerks III.................................... Messengers........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  -  -  -  -  -  21  195.50- 343.50 195.50- 400.50 196.50- 327.00  2  36 36  2  -  95 24 71  -  76 7 69  187.50 184.00  172.00- 213.00 171.50- 206.50  33 21  60 60  901 900  642 639  431 417  123 108  77 60  59 45  17 3  24 10  56 26  71 63  59 46  44 43  15 5  3  192.50 188.00  175.50 172.50  169.00- 187.50 169.00- 184.00  33 21  60 60  867 866  422 419  103 91  13  15 4  14 1  17 10  14 11  41 38  22 22  30 29  5  3  -  15 1  38.5 38.5  225.00 219.00  206.50 205.00  198.00- 233.50 197.50- 225.50  _  _  -  212 212  321 321  58 56  44 41  43 41  3 2  7  -  25 25  35 14  24 19  19 15  4 4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  140  38.5  279.50  237.50  225.50- 362.50  -  -  7  8  5  50  18  1  -  -  7  6  18  10  10  -  -  _  _  _  _  644 188 456  39.0 39.5 39.0  216.50 206.00 220.50  184.00 165.50 184.00  167.00- 268.50 161.00- 240.50 169.00- 268.50  7  73 44 29  238 52 186  79 10 69  22 19 3  20 15 5  14 11 3  59 6 53  26 7 19  11 11  66 8 58  28 4 24  1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  7  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14 9 5 5  17  -  -  -  -  1 1  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  Switchboard operators...................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  1,253 292 961  39.0 39.5 38.5  233.00 282.00 218.00  199.00 273.00 195.00  195.00- 261.00 226.00- 320.00 190.00- 231.50  _ -  14  202  14  202  Switchboard operatorreceptionists..................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  556 111 445  39.0 40.0 39.0  225.00 236.50 222.50  210.00 210.00 207.00  188.50- 242.00 207.50- 282.00 184.00- 242.00  24  -  86  24  Order clerks.......................................  1,340  40.0  314.00  270.00  209.50- 391.00  -  Order clerks I..................................  832  40.0  242.00  217.50  198.00- 273.50  Accounting clerks............................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  8,137 2,551 5,586 752  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  281.00 268.00 287.50 313.00  260.00 250.00 264.50 309.50  218.50211.50218.50259.00-  Accounting clerks I......................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,401 108 1,293 87  40.0 39.5 40.0 40.0  248.50 195.00 253.00 223.00  213.50 190.00 214.50 213.50  Accounting clerks II........................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  3,146 1,015 2,131 434  39.5 39.5 40.0 40.0  276.50 234.50 296.50 322.00  Accounting clerks III....................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  2,317 944 1,373 117  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  Accounting clerks IV...................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,200 484 716 73  Payroll clerks....................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  422 24 398  85 35 50  143 28 115  53 41 12  91 23 68  42 40 2  17 17  86  110 12 98  121 55 66  60 6 54  71 7 64  4 1 3  23 23  12  92  124  242  123  46  -  12  92  124  218  98  46  347.00 312.00 361.00 369.00  _ -  20 12 8  176 34 142  -  -  846 251 595 1  1202 434 768 103  981 386 595 33  198.00160.00198.00201.50-  327.00 230.00 329.00 251.00  _ -  12 12  70 34 36  419 23 396 1  286 10 276 57  248.50 224.50 280.00 354.00  210.50201.50221.00265.50-  356.00 245.00 369.00 375.00  _ -  8  92  8  92  356 218 138  -  -  -  289.00 284.00 293.00 316.50  273.00 280.00 261.00 306.50  230.00230.00230.00269.50-  333.50 322.00 379.50 386.00  _ -  _ -  14 14  71 10 61  -  -  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  317.50 323.00 313.50 381.50  294.50 325.00 282.00 369.00  245.00252.00242.50369.00-  375.00 375.00 369.50 411.00  _ -  _ -  "  871 239 632 118  39.5 39.5 39.5 38.5  291.00 272.50 298.00 315.00  272.50 232.50 283.50 294.50  223.50218.50225.00248.00-  366.50 307.00 373.50 360.00  _ -  _ -  24  -  -  Key entry operators .......................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  4,176 1,495 2,681 457  39.0 39.0 39.5 39.5  262.00 239.00 274.50 310.00  249.50 223.00 267.50 306.50  209.50178.50216.50276.50-  311.50 274.00 333.00 348.00  _ "  3 3  413 396 17  348 132 216  -  -  -  Key entry operators I.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  2,378 374 2,004 261  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  269.00 251.50 272.00 305.50  254.50 238.00 261.50 299.00  216.50225.00214.00276.50-  325.50 260.00 326.50 333.00  _ -  3  17  216  3  17  216  -  -  Key entry operators II.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,178 505 673 196  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  290.50 302.00 281.50 315.50  278.00 284.50 270.00 319.50  232.50254.00223.00278.50-  344.50 354.50 341.00 366.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  24  78 7 71  31 11 20  18 12 6  10 9 1  13 13  .  .  .  -  34 32 2  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  4  4  7  20  -  4  12 7 5  10  4  10  7  _ 20  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  47  20  10  68  141  77  44  85  38  19  38  95  19  -  47  5  -  62  114  -  6  8  -  -  -  -  -  -  816 238 578 58  673 240 433 106  479 193 286 59  395 179 216 46  444 203 241 21  396 78 318 93  473 114 359 67  428 52 376 47  607 93 514 116  191 40 151 2  10 4 6 -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  81 8 73 6  93 20 73 18  23  40  16  96  111  78  24  23 3  40  16  96  78  -  -  -  111 2  52 1 51  -  -  -  _ _ -  532 245 287 43  456 244 212 25  213 95 118 24  243 35 508 71  133 73 60 16  135 30 105 20  130 51 79 13  153 5 148 84  198 4 194 38  238 4 234 12  255 7 248 88  4 4  343 179 164 3  242 56 186  290 168 122 25  202 106 96 13  190 130 60 24  123 94 29 6  86 52 34 1  97 48 49 1  114 25 89 33  221 31 190  33 1 32  -  288 44 244 11  -  -  -  _ -  41  188 78 110  209 79 130  108 37 71  -  -  -  54 19 35 2  95 58 37 2  43 21 22 3  100 62 38 28  24 22 2 2  107 55 52 28  154 35 119 2  7 4 3  -  70 14 56 6  33 1 32  149 68 81 3  106 58 48 5  94 12 82 29  61 13 48 12  62 18 44 11  62 16 46 3  14 6 8 8  42 9 33 17  34 34 7  62 29 33 6  104 5 99 13  24 4 20 4  669 177 492 23  510 219 291 19  354 112 242 13  343 101 242 73  299 82 217 81  271 65 206 56  219 46 173 56  319 55 264 38  265 16 249 79  66 25 41 15  82 54 28 4  15 15  -  399 55 344 11  353 149 204 6  224 66 158 10  211 34 177 46  182 12 170 61  171 19 152 23  186 28 158 53  222 3 219 23  151 3 148 16  39 5 34 8  _ -  226 78 148 12  113 26 87 13  130 46 84 3  128 67 61 27  117 70 47 20  100 46 54 33  33 18 15 3  97 52 45 15  114 13 101 63  27 20 7 7  41  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  18  _  _  _  _ -  _ _ _ -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _ _ -  _  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  3  _  _  _  3  -  . “  -  _ -  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  -  -  -  _  -  _ _ -  -  _ -  -  -  4 4 4  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  78 54 24 -  15 15  _ -  _  -  _ -  _ -  -  24  -  -  _  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  Computer systems analysts (business)........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  2,896 1,121 1,775 317  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  536.00 531.50 539.00 576.00  537.00 534.50 538.50 575.50  473.00460.00482.00519.00-  596.50 598.00 596.50 628.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  1  20  2  1  20  51 27 24  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) I.................................. Nonmanufacturing........................  717 369  39.5 39.0  450.50 455.50  443.00 459.50  419.00- 485.50 434.50- 490.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  1 1  Computer systems analysts (business) II................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing.........................  1,161 411 750  39.5 40.0 39.5  524.00 527.00 522.50  521.00 536.50 517.50  482.00- 565.00 480.00- 575.50 482.00- 555.50  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) III. ............................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing......................... Transportation and utilities.....  990 362 628 109  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  610.50 618.50 606.00 639.00  606.00 621.50 597.50 633.00  572.50575.50565.50603.50-  644.50 660.00 638.50 691.50  -  -  “  -  -  -  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  2,791 860 1,931  39.5 39.5 39.5  425.50 442.50 418.00  420.50 425.00 420.00  345.50- 491.50 369.50- 508.00 341.50- 486.50  -  -  -  -  25 22 3  Computer programmers (business) I.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  857 195 662  39.0 39.5 39.0  339.50 345.00 337.50  339.50 341.00 339.50  286.50- 385.50 303.50- 402.00 276.50- 371.00  -  -  -  -  22 22  -  -  Computer programmers (business) II................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  898 352 546  39.5 39.0 39.5  421.00 426.50 417.50  419.50 417.50 424.50  368.00- 470.50 379.50- 470.00 357.50- 477.00  -  -  -  -  3  Computer programmers (business) III................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  944 253 691  39.5 39.5 39.5  510.00 555.50 493.00  502.50 558.00 486.50  456.50- 561.50 505.50- 603.00 442.50- 540.00  -  -  -  Computer operators........................... Manufacturing.............................. Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  2,106 807 1,299 272  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  327.50 332.50 324.50 356.50  318.50 327.00 314.00 376.00  277.50286.00277.50316.00-  Computer operators I..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  654 218 436  39.5 40.0 39.5  303.50 303.00 304.00  297.00 304.00 287.50  256.50- 368.00 260.00- 335.00 244.00- 376.00  Computer operators II.................... Manufacturing..........................:.... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  872 314 558 76  39.5 39.5 39.5 38.5  319.50 317.50 320.50 354.00  301.50 298.50 301.50 342.50  268.50262.50275.00286.00-  Computer operators III................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  572 275 297  39.5 39.5 39.0  367.00 372.50 362.00  Computer data librarians................... Nonmanufacturing........................  283 222  39.0 39.0  285.50 277.50  290 112 178 22  489 175 314 22  460 148 312 69  549 205 344 50  356 128 228 59  303 106 197 36  130 63 67 33  58 24 34 18  19 6 13 4  5 4 1  “  163 123 40 4  16 16  43 18  118 14  209 134  197 108  106 64  23 10  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 4  8 2 6  43 19 24  77 36 41  271 78 193  286 73 213  283 136 147  112 47 65  59 17 42  18 3 15  -  -  -  ~  -  -  -  2 2  2 1 1  19 8 11  -  “  237 56 181 14  232 81 151 32  242 89 153 17  110 60 50 19  58 24 34 18  19 6 13 4  5 4 1  -  64 33 31 5  53 22 31  146  44 3 41  310 66 244  352 121 231  463 186 277  275 73 202  528 127 401  258 89 169  139 32 107  123 70 53  39 18 21  32 27 5  2 2  “  2 2  53 22 31  137 137  25 3 22  203 37 166  184 38 146  156 45 111  53 23 30  22 4 18  2 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  9  19  3  9  19  85 17 68  137 71 66  196 91 105  78 34 44  282 103 179  74 31 43  15 5 10  -  -  -  -  -  -  10  17  -  -  -  -  -  10  17  71 14 57  142 16 126  216 20 196  168 57 111  122 27 95  123 70 53  39 18 21  32 27 5  2 2  _ -  9  68  9  209 91 118 11  184 71 113 11  271 74 197 22  420 200 220 13  437 176 261 140  192 66 126 25  166 63 103 6  47 27 20 15  26 10 16 6  5 1 4 4  1 1  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  68 18  71 27 44 1  _ -  -  _ -  9  26  110 26 84  66 24 42  96 23 73  100 65 35  160 34 126  45 16 29  3 3 _  “  -  -  2  “  -  26  37 27 10  2  9  -  -  -  "  “  370.00 365.00 378.50 393.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  42  25  166 45 121  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 6 6 6  _  -  113 29 84 6  -  -  71 27 44 8  -  -  91 50 41 30  -  -  145 45 100 12  _ -  -  115 47 68 8  -  -  25  90 65 25 4  2  42  “  -  351.00 345.00 351.00  330.00- 386.50 333.50- 401.00 328.00- 383.50  _  _  _  _  9  9  3  -  -  -  9  9  33 21 12  24 10 14  5 1 4  -  -  50 31 19  1 1  -  3  76 23 53  -  ~  -  -  _ "  _  -  184 92 92  -  -  150 90 60  -  -  28 6 22  -  -  302.00 285.50  220.50- 348.50 218.50- 348.50  7 7  7 7  9 9  48 36  46 43  3 3  2 2  17 15  62 29  63 62  9 9  10  _  _  -  _  -  _  _  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  376.00 370.00 376.00 376.00  _ -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  780 and over  19  -  146  2 2  -  -  -  -  '  -  -  -  -  2 2 -  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  of  hours1 ard)  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of _ 140  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  Drafters................................................. Manufacturing...............................  1,022 961  40.0 40.0  355.00 353.50  356.00 353.00  298.50- 410.00 299.50- 409.00  _  -  _ -  Drafters II........................................ Manufacturing...............................  182 180  40.0 40.0  271.00 270.00  264.50 264.50  240.50- 292.00 240.00- 288.50  _  _  -  -  Drafters III........................................ Manufacturing...............................  283 256  40.0 40.0  341.50 330.50  336.00 326.00  315.00- 361.00 310.00- 350.00  _  _  -  Drafters IV........................................ Manufacturing...............................  370 358  40.0 40.0  400.00 398.00  405.00 405.00  371.00- 427.00 369.00- 424.00  _  Drafters V........................................ Manufacturing...............................  118 118  40.0 40.0  433.00 433.00  430.50 430.50  Electronics technicians...................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  5,770 2,828  40.0 40.0  415.00 372.00  2,904  40.0  Electronics technicians II............... Manufacturing...............................  3,842 1,016  Electronics technicians III............. Manufacturing............................... Registered industrial nurses............ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  -  17 15  51 41  68 66  59 57  64 62  166 164  183 179  216 206  _ -  13 13  17 17  57 57  31 31  27 27  27 27  9 7  1 1  .  8 8  12 12  27 27  100 98  76 76  33 24  _ -  . -  4 4  28 28  67 67  156 155  _  7 7  26 26  _  69 64  15 7  12 12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  14 6  2  6 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  75 69  38 35  2 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  23 23  13 13  29 29  7 7  12 12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  5 5  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  375.00- 489.00 375.00- 489.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  -  -  _ -  -  1 1  439.50 375.50  358.00- 475.00 305.00- 435.00  _  -  _ -  24 24  48 48  96 61  167 144  237 199  129 123  401 386  662 476  751 475  629 428  2405 356  140 75  80 32  1 1  457.50  467.50  439.50- 496.00  -  -  -  -  35  23  36  4  2  169  274  201  2047  65  48  -  -  -  -  -  -  40.0 40.0  428.00 357.50  467.50 355.50  381.50- 496.00 313.00- 410.50  _ "  _  _  _  -  • -  -  71 36  144 121  76 38  32 26  162 147  449 276  432 161  318 117  2124 80  24 7  9 6  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  1,344 1,231  40.0 40.0  421.00 412.00  431.00 425.00  379.50- 483.00 371.50- 472.00  _  108 108  48 48  79 79  116 103  231 229  294 •294  280 275  116 68  71 26  -  -  -  -  -  -  225 173 52  39.5 40.0 38.5  419.50 422.50 408.00  417.50 417.50 425.50  384.00- 448.50 389.00- 448.50 372.50- 439.50  1 1  1 1  75 49 26  26 25 1  3 3  _  _  _  -  67 59 8  7 7  -  45 28 17  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _-  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  102 88  780 and over  20  _  -  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  39.0  220.50  Accounting clerks: Accounting clerks II: 185  38.5  209.50  236  39.5  266.00  Switchboard operatorreceptionists ........................................... .................. Manufacturing..........................................................  Accounting clerks III: Office occupations women 39.5 39.5  329.50 332.00  3,119 2,869  39.5 39.5  300.50 302.00  2,883 1,138 1,745  39.5 40.0 39.5  299.00 302.50 297.00  Manufacturing.......................................................... Secretaries III............................................................ Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  6,669 3,762 2,907  39.5 39.5 39.5  317.50 348.50  Nonmanufacturing...................................................  3,218 2,153 1,065  39.5 39.5 39.5  358.00 354.00 366.00  535 293 242  39.5 39.5 39.0  416.50 420.00 412.50  Stenographers...............................................................  728 532  39.5 39.5  324.50 309.50  Stenographers II.......................................................  468  39.5  319.50  Typists............................................................................. Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  1,997 757 1,240  39.0 39.5 39.0  247.50 296.50 218.00  Nonmanufacturing...................................................  1,079 417 662  39.0 39.5 38.5  249.00 304.50 214.00  Secretaries V.............................................................  Typists II:  Nonmanufacturing...................................................  340  39.5  286.00  2,305 2,157  38.5 38.5  203.50 197.50  1,496 1,411  38.5 38.5  191.50 187.00  647  38.5  213.50  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  38.5  264.00  39.5 38.5  282.50 215.00  531 111 420  39.0 40.0 38.5  222.50 236.50 219.00  840  40.0  253.00  5,918 2,135  40.0  40.0  214.50  272.50  Accounting clerks I:  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  873 327 546  39.5 40.0 39.5  530.50 535.00 528.00  739 280 459  39.5 40.0 39.5  617.00 625.00 612.50  408  39.5  478.50  179  39.5  437.50  660 142 518  39.5 39.5 39.5  511.50 581.50 492.50  376  39.0  323.00  417 227  39.5 39.0  375.50 370.00  Computer systems analysts Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................... Computer systems analysts Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................... ................... Computer programmers (business): Computer programmers (business) II: Computer programmers (business) III.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................... Computer operators:  Accounting clerks II: 830  39.5  240.00  Accounting clerks III................................................. Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  1,921 818 1,103 102  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  292.50 288.50 295.00 320.00  Accounting clerks IV................................................. Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  957 379 578  39.5 40.0 39.5  314.50 330.50 304.50  Payroll clerks.................................................................  615 191 424  39.5 39.5 39.5  295.50 276.50 304.00  Key entry operators I................................................ Nonmanufacturing..................................................  3,627 1,426 2,201  39.0 39.0 39.5  259 50 241.00 271.50  2,148 374 1,774 197  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  270.50 251.50 274.50 314.50  Key entry operators II: 480  40.0  304.50  Computer Operators II. Computer operators III............................................  Drafters V...................................................................  Computer systems analysts 2,032 799 1,233  (business) I............................................................  21  402  39.5 40.0 39.5  548.00 546.50 549.00  39.5  458.50  125  39.0  257.50  764 728  40.0 40.0  355.50 351.00  140 138  40.0 40.0  268.50 267.00  193  40 0 40.0  338.50 326.00  270 259  40.0 40.0  401.00 398.00  100 100  40.0 40.0  428.00 428.00  2,589  40.0  372.00  Electronics technicians: Electronics technicians II:  Professional and technical occupations - men  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  854  638  Secretaries.................................................................... 16,961 Manufacturing.......................................................... 8,124 Nonmanufacturing...................................................  Number of workers  115  Office occupations 425  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  936  40.0  356.50  1,299 1,186  40.0 40.0  420.50 411.00  798 289 509  39.5 40.0 39.0  502.50 483.50 513.50  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts  Nonmanufacturing..................................................  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. October 1981 —Continued Av erage (m ean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business) I............................................................ Computer systems analysts (business) II........................................................... Manufacturing..........................................................  Number of workers  315 272 78  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  39.5  441.00  39.5 40.0  505.00 495.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III: Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing.......................................................... Computer programmers (business) I: Manufacturing..........................................................  146  39.5  589.00  419  39.0  409.50  120  39.0  321.00  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business) II: Manufacturing......................................................... Computer programmers (business) III.........................................................  Computer data librarians............................................. Nonmanufacturing..................................................  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  164  39.0  414.00  244 99  39.5 39.5  502.00  158 120  39.5 39.5  308.00 304.00  Manufacturing.........................................................  233  40.0  360.50  Drafters III.................................................................  67  40.0  350.50  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  22  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Manufacturing..........................................................  99  40.0  397.00  Electronics technicians: Manufacturing..........................................................  239  40.0  371.50  Electronics technicians II: Manufacturing..........................................................  80  40.0  373.50  Registered industrial nurses....................................... Manufacturing...............................................  218 169  39.5 40.0  418.50 422.00  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly warnings (in doll ars) of -  Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Transportation and utilities.....  Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  12.23 10.00-13.95 11.29 9.96-13.95  _  _ -  _ -  2,738 2,494  10.44 10.35  10.29 9.64-11.10 10.25 9.64-11.10  1,086 192 894 505  11.70 11.55 11.73 11.47  11.77 11.33 11.77 11.76  63 63  11.58 11.58  11.72 11.62-12.29 11.72 11.62-12.29  247  8.04  8.07  11.23-12.46 11.33-11.94 11.23-12.46 10.53-12.60  -  -  -  -  22  ~  10 10  75 75  90 71  65  112  143  171 171  64 64  27 27  ~  _  330 266 64 64  2  2  8 8  15 9  -  -  -  21 10 11  -  ~ 2  1 1  1  “ 2  -  -  -  “  ~  12 12  12 12  12 12  -  -  -  24 24  12 12  204 204  20 20  15 13  182 181  1  5  3  105  ■  1 1  1 1  4  “  5 5  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  11.81 11.59  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  -  :  .  36  872 872  12.31 12.31  12.41 11.99-13.38 12.41 11.99-13.38  . -  . -  _ -  508 176  11.13 12.02  10.99 10.50-12.54 12.40 11.78-13.01  .  _  _  -  -  -  16 _ -  _  7  1  20  18  17  21 21  7  12  3 2  14  22 17  1  48 45  3  169 169  619 615  365  551 j07  116 84  211  220 220  8 8  18 18  4  11  39  161  291  212  88  -  255 42  198 102  86 46  111 24 87 51  38  103 101  16 15 1 1  3 3  -  7 7  1 1  2 2  24 24  26 26  -  -  -  -  9  35  10  40  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  58 58  21 21  85  41  259 259  91 91  302 302  -  -  19  141  25  30 15  91 64  89 40  35 23  -  -  -  13  21 13  8  ~  “  -  2  12  4  6  4  6  2  -  -  -  23  107  4  -  “  57 2 T7  6 6  11 11  -  ~  40  38 31 7  10 10  21  -  11 8  8  12  _ -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  _  6.91- 9.50  14.40  -  -  167 152  -  13.80  “ ”  -  _ -  13.20  “ “  -  _ -  12.60  ■  2  _  12.00  -  2  11.52 10.76-11.86 11.39 10.72-11.67 11.75 11.38-12.05  11.40  3  -  11.31 11.20 11.52  10.80  3  -  325 216 109  10.20  34 24 10 10  -  -  9.60  14.40 and over  58  _  _ -  13.80  146  -  _ -  13.20  38  “  _ -  12.60  5  “ ■  1,109 974 135 99  -  , -  -  12.00  29 13 16 12  “  11.48-13.15 11.48-13.38 11.45-12.80 10.95-12.80  -  11.40  2  4  12.64 12.64 12.34 12.80  _  10.80  9  4  4  13.70 13.93 12.09 12.24  _  ' -  10.20  14 10  4  2  11.03-12.10 11.03-12.11 9.83-11.86 11.36-11.86  9.60  3 1  2  2  11.77 11.62 11.77 11.86  9.20  “ *  2  11.33 11.48 11.04 11.58  Maintenance mechanics  Maintenance sheet-metal workers...  4.40  8.80  356 227 129 55  Maintenance mechanics  Transportation and utilities.....  Middle range2  4.00 and under 4.40  15 12  15  31 31  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of -  Number workers  Middle range2  Mean2  3.20 and under 3.60  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.80  10.40  11.00  11.60  12.20  12.80  13.40  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.80  10.40  11.00  11.60  12.20  12.80  13.40  14.00  Truckdrivers........................................ Manufacturing.............................. Nonmanufacturing........................  5,617 890 4,727  11.49 10.18 11.73  11.55 10.79-12.16 10.75 8.96-12.08 11.56 10.90-12.16  -  ■  Truckdrivers, light truck................  163  7.57  6.62 5.30-10.72  -  Truckdrivers, medium truck.......... Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  651  10.12  10.90 10.03-10.90  -  119  10.07  10.03 10.03-10.87  Truckdrivers, heavy truck............. Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer...........  725 2,407  -  12 12  26 12  16 12 4  19 18 1  41 35 6  78 77 1  -  -  12  26  12  18  4  22  -  -  -  -  4  -  37  50  -  -  -  -  4  -  -  -  9 6 3  -  -  3  8  4  5  -  1  10 3 7  25 16 9  57 7 50  -  -  24  1  6  1  -  1  4  1  48 30 18  114 25 89  1465 222 1243  1155 80 1075  -  -  15  24  55  12  1223 141 1082  200 166 34  909  179  909  179  27  -  -  -  _  386  -  70  -  _  . •_  46  50  -  -  -  -  -  11.00 10.85-12.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  6  13  6  1  9  11  8  7  54  72  222  -  136  -  179  11.50  11.56 11.00-12.16  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  3  555  795  1019  34  -  -  '  “  “  12 12  134 132  108 12  217 50  36 12  22 18  10 8  12 8  39 25  9 3  120 116  4 4  4 2  -  59 55  -  32  -  -  -  86 60  28 2  343 27  156 8  10 8  28 26  15 13  50 6  13 7  32 32  21 7  5 5  109 1  47 44  67  71 8  6 -  -  39  57  3  -  34  2  2  -  8  53  26  39  71  1  -  -  _  24 24  53 38 15 10  65 22 43 41  173 146 27 27  119 85 34 33  60 32 28 28  148 81 67 31  97 17 80 72  243 40 203 95  298 201 97 45  111 66 45 37  327 7 320  57  -  61 45 16 16  57 57  -  40  4  4  106 1  3 2  17 15  91 9  18 18  56 14  -  -  -  818 489  6.80 7.31  5.79 5.50- 8.50 7.30 4.85- 8.52  Receivers............................................ Manufacturing...............................  1,111 278  7.45 7.26  6.04 5.79- 9.90 7.00 4.80- 8.50  -  '  ~  24 24  Shippers and receivers......................  339  8.75  9.38 6.29-10.94  -  -  -  -  -  4  ~ "  “  _ "  24 24  58 6 52  129 117 12 12  2,503 1,369 1,134 504  10 9 1  11.64  Shippers............................................... Manufacturing...............................  Warehousemen.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  21 19 2  8.85 7.88 10.01 9.72  9.07 7.75 10.36 9.39  6.27-10.87 6.13-10.08 9.00-11.82 8.48-10.44  ”  186 158 28  270 260 10  “  “  “  Material handling laborers................ Manufacturing...............................  1,691 1,116  6.09 5.40  5.63 4.70- 6.35 5.63 4.70- 6.07  196 188  72 48  69 12  216 144  69 43  134 80  311 309  231 231  10 2  4 "  -  -  Forklift operators................................ Manufacturing...............................  2,603 1,125 T ,lfe°  9.54 8.21  9.90 7.15-11.55 7.15 6.13-11.20 +75 3,%0-SfTS  ■  “  36 36  142 90  24 24  24 24  198 192  2 2  87 87  15 11  1 1  10 2  44 8  33 33  675 187  544 160  24 24  1,623 7.S37  3706 72  498 13  3T5 37  311 98  170 95  222  9.30 6.63-10.77 ‘tv'00  t rtf 1424 60 U2-S  495 1  Manufacturing............................... Mo r, ma ft o c Guards I: Manufacturing...............................  i ui 4431 11 l?et  97 97 ■A-K  152 146  4-73 8.79 +S9  -~ fclvb 4300-  201 130  2T3 145  94 93 \  393 259  224 224  184 184  58  54  3  1,120  8.53  8.89 5.94-10.92  -  11  72  60  13  36  91  831  8.56  8.75 7.33-10.12  -  -  -  -  -  19  198 110 88  378 120 258  135  1096 228 868  148 50 98  Guards II........................................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  8,239 2,191 6,048 279  *■33  6.62 7.48 6.31 9.72  6.62 7.81 6.62 9.02  5.47- 6.90 5.33- 9.42 5.47- 6.73 8.55-10.51  135  m  as ~t  iu  101 18 ?3  99 28 •71  7<  60  17  13  5  18  71  34  112  36  153  71  184  58  3  2  -  58  79  24  27  23  46  127  27  80  57  111  153  -  -  -  -  _  309 735 130 45 179 690 ------- 3i —  247 200 47  2777 26 2751 1  330 81 249  72 53 19  196 108 88 5  40 29 11 1  393 314 79 71  171 63 108 106  313 116 197 8  197 158 39 9  256 228 28 12  153 109 44  63 23 40 34  32 32  -  -  J  24  ~  21  18  ~  i  —  -  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  242  8.01  865 865  12.32 12.32  436 176  11.62 12.02  4,934 885 4,049  11.54 10.17 11.84  643  10.14  114  10.14  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  292  8.86  l!o75  9 60 8.27  powerplant occupations - men Tool and die makers.................................................................. 335 227 108  11.29 11.48 10.89  Maintenance electricians.......................................................... Manufacturing.......................................................................  1,066 973  13.75 13.93  Maintenance painters................................................................  316 216  11.29 11.20  167 152  11.81 11.59  Manufacturing.......................................................................  Manufacturing....................................................................... Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing.......................................................................  2,714 2,470  10.47 10.38  Material movement and custodial occupations - men Truckdrivers................................................................................  Truckdrivers, medium truck................................................... Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.............................................. Truckdrivers, heavy truck......................................................  ~7 q Korv <v\£tn u  723  11.64  2,401  11.50  599 462  6.95 7.25  718 255  8.08 7.17  S, 2-2-  r 740  8.71  1^651  7.48  240  9.87  1,505  6.04  Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing.......................................................................  1,085 192 893 504  11.70 11.55 11.73 11.47  63 63  11.58 11.58  Manufacturing.......................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Nonmanufacturing................................................................  Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Inexperienced typists Manufacturing  Minimum weekly straight-time salaries7  i  All industries  ,  All schedules  Other inexperienced clerical workers8 Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  AH ■ industries •  All schedules  Nonmanufacturing  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  Establishments studied............................................  23a  72  XXX  166  XXX  238  72  XXX  166  XXX  Establishments having a specified minimum.....................................................................  50  21  17  29  21  89  32  28  57  45  2 1  1  1  1  1  2  2  1  _ 1  1  1  2 2 4 6 2 2 3 1 3 4 3 1 _ 1 2 1  1 1 1 2  _ 1 1 2  1 1  _ 1 1  1 4 2 1 2 3 1 2 2  3 1 2 3 2 2 4 3 1 4 3  _ 1 2 1  1 1 4 2 1 2 3 1 2 4  3 2 2 3 3 3 4 7 1 5 4  1 2 2 1 _ _ 1  _ _ _ 1 1 3 4 2 1 2 1 2 2 1  5 2 3 3 4 4 8 9 2 7 7 1 2 6 3 1 1 1 1  2 3  1 2  1  1  1 1  1  1  1  Under $135.00........................................................... $135.00 and under $140.00.................................... $140.00 and under $145.00.................................... $145.00 and under $150.00.................................... $150.00 and under $155.00.................................... $155.00 and under $160.00.................................... $160.00 and under $165.00.................................... $165.00 and under $170.00.................................... $170.00 and under $175.00.................................... $175.00 and under $180.00.................................... $180.00 and under $185.00.................................... $185.00 and under $190.00.................................... $190.00 and under $195.00.................................... $195.00 and under $200.00.................................... $200.00 and under $205.00.................................... $205.00 and under $210.00.................................... $210.00 and under $215.00.................................... $215.00 and under $220.00.................................... $220.00 and under $225.00.................................... $225.00 and under $230.00.................................... $230.00 and under $235.00.................................... $235.00 and under $240.00.................................... $240.00 and under $245.00.................................... $245.00 and under $250.00.................................... $250.00 and under $255.00.................................... $255.00 and under $260.00.................................... $260.00 and under $265.00.................................... $265.00 and under $270.00.................................... $270.00 and under $275.00.................................... $275.00 and under $280.00.................................... $280.00 and under $285.00.................................... $285.00 and under $290.00.................................... $290.00 and under $295.00.................................... $295.00 and under $300.00.................................... $300.00 and under $305.00.................................... $305.00 and under $310 00.................................... $310.00 and under $315.00.................................... $315.00 and under $320.00.................................... $320.00 and under $325.00.................................... $325.00 and over...................................................... Establishments having no specified minimum..................................................................... Establishments which did not employ workers in this category...........................................  v  _ _ 1 3  _ 1  _ _ _ _ 1  _ _ _ 3  _ _ _ 3  _ 1 _ 1 3 2 1 2 _ 1 1 1 _*  _ _  _ _ _  _ _ 2 _ _ _ 1 _ '  _  _  2  _  _  1  2  _  _  _  2  2  1 1  1  _  1  1  _ _ _ _  2 1  _  -  -  -  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  -  _  -  _  _  _  1  -  -  1  1  1  _ _ _ _  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  1  -  -  1  1  _  -  -  _  _  2 1  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  \  1  _  3 1 1  _  3  3 _ _  _  1  -  _  1  1  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  '  t.  •  •  2 1  1 _  -  -  _  -  -  _  _  3  _  _ _  1  1  2  _ _ _  2  5  1  1  4  4  44  14  XXX  30  XXX  72  18  XXX  54  XXX  144  37  XXX  107  XXX  77  22  XXX  55  XXX  _  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  2  .  26   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-2. Late-shlft pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 (All full-time manufacturing production and related workers = 100 percent)________________________  . Workers on late shifts  All workers9 Item Second shift  Third shift  Third shift  Second shift  Percent of workers In establishments with late-shift provisions..................  83.7  71.0  13.8  5.1  With no pay differential for late-shift work.................... With pay differential for late-shift work......................... Uniform cents-per-hour differential............................ Uniform percentage differential.................................. Other differential...........................................................  .8 82.9 58.1 13.0 11.8  .8 70.2 31.5 6.7 32.0  .3 13.5 9.8 1.4 2.3  .3 4.8 3.1 .1 1.6  20.2 8.7  23.4 11.3  19.7 9.6  21.8 11.6  Average pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour differential.......................................... Uniform percentage differential................................................ Percent of workers by type and amount of pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour: 9 cents........................-................................................— 10 cents...................................................................... ........ 11 cents.............................................................................. 14 cents... ............ .............................................................. 15 cents....................................................................... -..... 18 cents............................................................................. 20 cents.............................................................................. 22 cents.............................................................................. 24 cents.............................................................................. 25 cents.............................................................................. 30 cents.............................................................................. 32 cents.............................................................................. 35 cents.............................................................................. 40 cents..............................................................................  1.8 8.5 1.4 _ 7.2 1.3 19.4 .7  Other differential: Full day's pay for reduced hours................................... 8 hours pay for reduced hours plus cents.................... 7.5 hours plus 15 cents............................................... 7.0 hours plus 15 cents............................................... 6 5 hours plus 8, 14, 15. or 25 cents......................... Full day’s pay for fewer hours plus percent.................. Reduced hours and flat rate........................................... Cents and flat rate............................................. .............. Other...............  _ 1.5 3.1  1.8 6.8 5.2 .4 .1 2.3  1.1 3.4 1.6 5.6 1.3  5.0 1.8  _ 10.4 3.1  Uniform percentage: 5 percent................................... ........................................ 6 percent............................................................................ 8 percent ......................................... ................................. 10 percent........................................!................................. 15 percent...................................... -..........-.....................  2.7 2.3 2.3 _ _ _  .5 1.6 4.7  . .  See footnotes at end of tables.  27  1.8 5.0 1.4 6.8  6.1 20.1 2.3 17.8 4.6.5 .7  .4 1.5 .4  .6 .3 .3 .6  .9 .1 3.6 .2  .7 .7 .1  1.7 .3 .2 .5  —  .4 .2 .2 .2 .5  ,  _ ' .1 <‘°>  .8 .5  .6 .4 .4 .1 .1 1.1  •  ■  .5 .1 .2 (">  Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  100  100  “ ~  6  (M)  “ 1  Percent of workers by scheduled weekly hours and days 100  30 hours-5 days.............................................................  100  100  100  -  1  (>»)  (■■) c1)  36 1 /2 hours-5 days.....................................................  <") 6 <“)  <">  85 44 hours-5 1/2 days...................................................  100  1 (»•)  93  79  91  79  11 12 1  __  71 (”)  <“) c)  (»»)  “ “  15  -  85  66  “ 93  85  66  93  “ “  “ “  (M)  “  (■■) (■■)  (»»)  (■■)  -  (”) ("»  ~  Average scheduled weekly hours All weekly work schedules.......................  39.7  40.2  39.2  39.8  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  28  39.4  39.7  39.3  39.7  Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  100  100  100  100  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers................................................  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays.............................................................. In establishments providing paid holidays..............................................................  100  100  5  -  10  -  O')  -  O')  -  95  100  90  100  99  100  99  100  9.2  10.2  8.3  10.3  9.8  11.1  9.3  10.7  1 2 (-) (“) O') 11 O') 6 2 8 2 13 1 21 2 12 2 5 5 1 1  7  2 1  _ O') O')  _ 1  _ O') O')  3 3 7 2 13 1 25 3 12 4 6 10 3 1  1 4 O') 1 O') 16 1 9 1 10 2 13  _ O')  95 93 92 80 74 72 63 62 48 48 27 26 14 12 7 2 1  100 100 100 93 90 88 81 79 65 65 40 37 24 21 14 4 1  100  Average number of paid holidays For workers in establishments providing holidays.................................................. Percent of workers by number of paid holidays provided 1 2 3 4 5 6  or more half days....................................................... holidays....................................................................... holidays....................................................................... holidays....................................................................... holidays....................................................................... holidays....................................................................... Plus 2 half days...................................................... 7 holidays....................................................................... Plus 1 or more half days........................................ 8 holidays....................................................................... Plus 1 or more half days........................................ 9 holidays....................................................................... Plus 1 or more half days........................................ 10 holidays..................................................................... Plus 1 or more half days........................................ 11 holidays..................................................................... Plus 1 half day........................................................ 12 holidays..................................................................... 13 holidays..................................................................... 14 holidays..................................................................... Over 19 days.................................................................  2 4 55  17 11 1 3 O')  20 17 -  -  5 O') 6 2 8 4 18 8 18 3 12 2 4 5 5  3 1 3 O') 10 4 22 10 5 4 7 15 14  -  -  -  99 99 99 94 88 88 79 79 57 52 31 31 16 14 10 5  100 100 100 99 96 95 92 92 82 82 56 55 41 36 29 14  99 99 99 92 85 84 74 73 47 39 21 21 6 5 2 1  -  -  -  7 O') 7 2 10 6 21 10 16 15 1 3 1 1  O') 53 23 19 5 -  Percent of workers by total paid holiday time provided12 2 days or more............................................................... 3 1/2 days or more...................................................... 6 days or more............................................................... 7 days or more........................................ *..................... 7 1 /2 days or more....................................................... 8 days or more............................................................. 8 112 days or more....................................................... 9 days or more............................................................... 9 1 /2 days or more....................................................... 10 days or more............................................................ 10 1/2 days or more.................................................... 11 days or more........... ............................... ~............111/2 days or more.................................................... 12 days or more............................................................ 13 days or more............................................................ 14 days or more............................................................ 23 days...........................................................................  90 86 84 68 58 58 47 46 32 32 15 15 4 3 O')  100 100 97 97 95 95 92 92 92 92 37 37 17 17 -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  29  100 100 100 100 99 99 99 99 99 99 46 46 23 23 5 -  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  T ransportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers................................................ In establishments not providing paid vacations............................................................ In establishments providing paid vacations............................................................ Length-of-time payment......................................... Percentage payment.............................................. Other payment........................................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  3  -  6  1  -  -  _  _  97 92 5  100 91 9  94 92 2  99 97 2  100 95 5  -  -  -  100 99 1 <■■)  100 99 1  -  100 98 2 <“>  3 14 3 3  4 13 1 3  2 14 4 3  1 31  -  -  -  (■■) 39 4 8 (■■>  1 61 1 32 1 1  3 64 2 29 1 1  -  -  58 c) 35 (■■) 1  20 <") 77  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  (*■)  <“>  -  -  Amount of paid vacation after:13  6 months of service: Under 1 week...................................................... 1 week................................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 1 year of sen/ice: Under 1 week....................................................... 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................ 2 years of sen/ice: Under 1 week.................................................................................. 1 week................................................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................................ 2 weeks................................................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................................ 3 weeks................................................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................................ 4 weeks................................................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ......................................... 3 years of service: 1 week................................................................................................... 2 weeks.................................................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................................ 3 weeks.................................................................................................. 4 weeks.................................................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................................  <“>  -  1 16 1 76 2 1  3 25 2 66 3 1  (”>  -  39 15 -  2  -  -  1  3  -  -  - V  85 1 1  96 (■■) 2  -  -  -  -  -  - ■  -  -  -  <“>  c)  5 88 3 1  4 89 5 2  6 86 1 1  94 <“) 4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  (“>  -  -  -  -  c)  30  -  19 -  75 4 2 (-■) -  54 18  -  -  (■■) 14 c) 81 3 <»>  -  6 <"> 89 -  1 _  1 <“>  4 _ -  -  7  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  (“> 15 <") 79 4 1 (■■) <“) <■>>  -  -  5 <“>  (■■) 42 6 9  .  -  -  8  1  -  -  -  88 7 -'1  77 13 2  93 5 <")  95 <“) 1  <”>  (">  ,  (■■) (**) 1 90 7 1 <"> ("> <■■>  ■-  -  4  -  1 (■■)  "  -  -  (■■) 83 13 3  1 93 5  -  •  (-)  -  (■■)•  -  -  95 <")  <")  1 4  1 (“>  '  -  -■  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Office workers  .Production and related workers Hem  4 years of service: 1 week................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................  6 86 1 1  94 c) 4  -  (■■)  c)  4 53 6 33  4 57 9 29  4 50 3 37  70 (■■> 24  1  1  1  4  (“>  -  (’■>  3 11 O') 72 3 9  4 11 1 64 ("> 14 (■■)  (">  ■  10 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................  '  ■  4 11 <»> 68 1 12 (■■)  (*■)  c)  .  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  4 86 5 5  5 86 3 3  5 years of service: 1 week ................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................  12 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks............ .................................................... 3 weeks.............................................. .................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................  Manu­ facturing  All industries  t  (•■)  -  4 10 67 2 13 <"> <") <">  3 8 74 4 10  <“)  ■ '  c*) -  O') 81 13 5 O')  95 O') 1  O')  -  O') 49 16 32 1 2  1 44 6 45 3 1  (■■)  O') O')  O')  O')  2  1 8 2 75 3 10  -  O') O') O')  O')  “  -  O')  16 5 -  1 c)  6 81 4 4 1 4  ”  ”  1 10 73 5 11  6 69 13 6  O') O')  1  O')  1  -  O')  4 -  -  “  4 11 62 1 16 <■■) <“>  2 68 6 21  1 8 74 5 11  O')  3  c)  -  O') O') O') O') O')  c)  O')  79  O')  " 1 10 1 74 3 9  O') O')  4  -  4 5 77 1 12  O')  Transportation and utilities  1 93 2 1 3 1  1 45 9 41 2 1  O')  31  Nonmanu­ facturing  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1 90 5 2 2 O’) O') O')  Manu­ facturing  -  80 <") 14 3  c)  All industries  3 76 7 13  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Production and related workers Item  15 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks ............................... 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks ............................... 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks............................... 7 weeks................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................ 8 weeks................................................................. 20 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks........... .................... 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks ............................... 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ............................... 8 weeks................................................................. Over 9 weeks....................................................... 25 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................ 8 weeks................................................................. Over 9 weeks....................................................... 30 years of sen/ice: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ 7 weeks................................................................. Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................ 8 weeks................................................................. Over 9 weeks.......................................................  All industries  Manu­ facturing  4 8 1 40 3 40 (■■) 2  3 6 2 50 4 33  (■■) (■■)  _ CO  2  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  T ransportation and utilities  _ 2  1 8  CO 3  31 1 46 CO 2  _ 19 5 68 CO 4  _ _ _ CO  _ _ _ _ CO  _ 37 7 47 CO CO CO (“) (”)  _ 56 6 33 1 CO (“) <“)  3 6 26 CO 51 2 11  4 11 19 1 39 1 20 CO 1  53 5 27 CO 3  _ CO  _ CO  _ CO  1 8 18 4 61 1 6 CO CO CO CO  _ 2 9  CO CO  CO  -  -  -  -  CO  4 8 21 CO 36 1 22 CO 4  3 6 24  4 11 19 1 30  _ 2 9 _ 18  _ 26 CO 4  _ 48 CO 21  _ CO  _ CO  1 8 18 3 49 3 16 CO 3 CO CO  -  -  CO  4 11 19 1 30  2 9 _ 18  23 1 5  43 6 10  2 CO  _ 12 CO  1 8 18 3 47 CO 18 1 3 CO CO CO  CO CO  42 2 19 3 _ CO  4 8 21 CO 36 1 21 CO 4  3 6 24  1 CO CO  CO  42 2 20 3  Nonmanu­ facturing  1 9  6  29 7 52 (») CO  10 9 69 (») 1  (»)  '  -  1  (“) 3 24 5 60 1 6  1 9 16 4 62 1 6 (“) CO  _ CO (“)  CO  4  6 2 _  71 5 10 (ll) 1  (») _ CO 3 23 _ 48 6 18 _ 1 CO  1  1 9 16 4 49 2 15 CO 3 _  CO _ CO 3 23 _ 45 1 26 _ 2 CO -  1  1 9 16 4 49 CO 15 1 3  4  _  6 2 _ 22 _ 55 CO 10 _ _ _ 4  6 2 _ 22 _ 46 9 5  _ 1 CO  _ 4  1  4  _  32  Transportation and utilities  _  4 8 22 c) 45 1 15 CO CO  Manu­ facturing  4 11  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  All industries  _  _  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 —Continued Production and related workers Item  Maximum vacation available: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ 7 weeks................................................................. Over 7 and under 8 weeks................................ 8 weeks................................................................. Over 9 weeks.......................................................  All industries  4 8 21 c) 36 1 20 (■■) 5 -  1 (■■) (*■)  Manu­ facturing  3 6 24 _ 42 2 19 3 -  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  4 11 19 1 30  18  _ 22 <“> 7  38 (») 20  _ 2 (“)  12 (u)  1 8 18 3 47 (i») 16 (“) 5 (“) 1 (“)  “  -  (■■)  2 9  _  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  3 23  9 16  45  49  24  13  Transportation and utilities  4 (»*)  (“)  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  All industries  33  -  1  4  Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers 100  100  100  95  99  92  100  99  100  88 81  93 89  83 72  98 98  98 86  99 92  83  95 95  76 69  89 82  65 58  74 74  86 71  92 81  83 67  63 63  65  69  62  100  20 18  19 18  21 18  44 44  27 25  26 22  28 26  46 46  48  53  44  79  83  83  83  80  12  9  15  18  8  10  7  20  23 16  22 15  24 16  40 30  52 40  52 40  51 40  55 47  92 81  97 88  88 75  100 95  99 69  100 77  99  100 96  92 79  95 86  88 72  100 95  99 66  100 77  99 62  100 96  92 79  95 86  88 72  100 95  66  100 77  99 62  100 96  91 79  95 86  87 72  100 95  99 66  100 77  91 79  94 85  88 72  99 95  99 66  100 77  99 62  100 96  71 60  79 68  63 52  92 88  79 56  92 69  74 50  91 87  53 38  64 49  42 28  83 37  60 31  67 51  57 23  83 32  68 61  70 64  66 59  87 87  83 72  79 63  85 76  91 91  In establishments providing at least one of the benefits  Accidental death and  Sickness and accident insurance Sickness and accident Sick leave (full pay and no Sick leave (partial pay or  Long-term disability  In establishments providing at least one of the health insurance plans  Noncontributory plans............................... ..........  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  *100  100  34  100  100 96  Table B-7. Health plan participation by full-time workers In Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers.................................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  Hospitalization insurance.............................................. Noncontributory plans...........................................  72 63  74 68  71 58  80 76  82 55  80 60  83 54  84 81  Surgical insurance......................................................... Noncontributory plans...........................................  72 63  74 68  71 58  80 76  82 55  80 60  83 53  83 80  Medical insurance......................................................... Noncontributory plans...........................................  72 63  74 68  70 58  80 76  81 55  80 60  82 53  84 81  Major medical insurance............................................... Noncontributory plans...........................................  72 62  74 68  71 58  80 76  82 55  80 60  83 54  84 81  Dental insurance........................................................... Noncontributory plans...........................................  66 57  75 66  58 49  87 83  79 58  88 68  76 54  93 89  Health maintenance organization............................... Noncontributory plans...........................................  18 16  22 19  14 12  20 10  14 9  18 16  13 6  15 4  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  35  Footnotes Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin. 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 3 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 8 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available. 1 Formally established minimum regular straight-time hiring salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported. 8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger. • Includes all production and related workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10 Less than 0.05 percent. 11 Less than 0.5 percent. 13 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2 half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated. 13 Includes payments other than "length of time,” such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service. 11 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory plans” include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workers’ disability compensation, social security, and railroad retirement. 15 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days’ pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded. 16 Unduplicated total of workers eligible for coverage under an insurance plan providing hospitalization, sugical, medical, major medical, or dental benefits shown separately.  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  37  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers I Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks2 Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II Electronic data processing  Computer systems analysts, I, II, and III   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and III  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1- Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52Pay relationships in establishments  Tables A-8 through A-11 compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences. The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-l 1:  Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately for (1) establish­ ment policies (an establishment’s differentials are weighted by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey) and (2) effective practices (an establish­ ment’s differentials are weighted by production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).  1. Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified. 2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishment’s contribution to the totals used in this comparison.  Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays, vacations, and health and insurance plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Pension plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible.  3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provi­ sions is studied for full-time production and related workers and office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant’s own use (e.g., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely associated with the above production operations. (Cafeteria and route workers are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting, advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel, sales, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation. Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well as construction workers utilized as a separate work force are excluded from both the production and office worker categories.  Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B-3). Scheduled weekly hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which full-time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at straight- time or overtime rates. Paid holidays (table B-4). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Paid personal holiday plans, typically found in the automobile and related industries, are included as paid holidays. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated). Paid vacations (table B-5). Establishments report their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and “extended” or “sabbatical” benefits beyond basic plans are excluded. For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings, for example, is tabulated as 1 week’s vacation pay. Also, provisions after each specified length of service are related to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits.  Minimum entrance salaries (table B-l). Minimum entrance salaries for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establishments are more likely than small establish­ ments to have formal entrance rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies in medium and large establishments. (The “X’s” shown under specific weekly schedules indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.) Shift differentials-manufacturing (table B-2). Data were collected on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12 months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the most common schedule is recorded. For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening) shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at or near midnight.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6). Health, insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization. This year, for the first time in this  39  area, provisions for health maintenance organizations (HMO’s) are treated separately from insurance provisions. Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establishment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available to a majority). Legally required plans such as social security, railroad retirement, workers’ disability compensation, and temporary disability insurance3 are excluded. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., S50 a week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide for continuing an employee’s pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by social security, workers’ disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered. Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons’ fees. Medical insurance covers doctors’ fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor’s care for minor ailments at a worker’s place of employment are not considered to be medical insurance. Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a “deductible” (e.g., $100) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g., $10,000 a year). Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits, usually for fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported. An HMO provides comprehensive health care services to a specified group for fixed periodic payments rather than indemnification or reimbursement for medical, surgical,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  and hospital expenses. Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity. Health plan participation (table B-7). Estimates are presented on the percent of production and office workers participating in selected health insurance and HMO plans. When an establishment was unable to supply the number of plan participants, approximations (imputations) were made, where possible, by using information from other establishments offering a similar plan. Imputations were never made for more than one-third of the production or clerical workers in an industry group (all industries, manufacturing, nonmanufacturing, and transportation and utilities); when imputations were made, they were usually for considerably less than one-third of the workers. Participation rates were estimated and published if participant numbers (including imputations) were available for 90 percent or more of the production or office workers in an industry group; consequently, a published estimate may not relate to a group total. 1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N. Y„ which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor. 2 A revised 4-level job description for accounting clerks, being introduced in this survey, is not comparable to the previous 2-level description. Earnings of workers that could be compared to the previous overall level were used in wage trend computations. 2 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan. State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers pay the difference between the employees’ share and the total contribution required. Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided. Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance. 4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.,1 October 1981 Number of establishments  Industry division*  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of survey  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey  Within scope of survey3  Studied  Total4 Number  Percent  Full-time production and related workers  Studied4 Full-time office workers  All establishments All divisions.................................................................................................  -  4,731  238  1,563,383  100  791,281  297,879  436,405  Manufacturing...................................................................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities3................................................................................... Wholesale trade............................................................................................. Retail trade..................................................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate............................................................ Services7..........................................................................................................  100 -  1,562 3,169  72 166  623,467 939,916  40 60  379,360 411,921  86,094 211,785  205,873 230,532  100 50 100 50 50  154 974 410 510 1,001  28 32 24 25 52  129,015 164,423 235,216 161,829 196,569  8 11 15 10 13  57,248 <*) <•) c)  30,433 c) <*) <*)  o  o  97,131 13,103 58,954 31,558 22,094  -  505  95  868,611  100  393,254  180,752  409,400  35 60  343,834 524,777  40 60  169,460 223,794  58,639 122,113  197,171 212,229  15 7 14 9 12  103,755 77,987 159,220 82,726 58,974  Large establishments All divisions.................................................................................................  197 500 Manufacturing..................................................................................................... 308 Nonmanufacturing.............................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and 500 22 other public utilities3................................................................................... 80 500 Wholesale trade............................................................................................. 500 73 Retail trade..................................................................................................... 500 52 Finance, insurance, and real estate............................................................ 500 54 Services7.......................................................................................................... 1 The Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Los Angeles County. The "workers within scope of survey” estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. * The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12 44,564 25,031 94,085 n o 9 10,173 o 18 <•> 56,302 10 c) <•> 28,624 o 7 o 15,590 4 Includes executive, professional, part-time, seasonal, and other workers excluded from the separate production and office categories. 5 Abbreviated to “transportation and utilities” in the A- and B-series tables. Formerly referred to as "public utilities”. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Electric utilities and most of the local transit for the city of Los Angeles are municipally operated and are excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. 8 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A- and B-series tables, but the division is represented in the all industries' and “nonmanufacturing” estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  41  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agree' ments, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981  Production and related workers  Office workers  55 58 52  19 20 19  97  70  Appendix table 3. Industrial composition in manufacturing, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1981 (Percent of all manufacturing workers)  Industry division All industries................................. ........... Manufacturing............................. ........... Nonmanufacturing...................... ........... Transportation and utilities.................................... ...........  NOTE: An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than half of their production or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements, because small establish­ ments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Electric and electronic equipment............................................ 22 Communication equipment.................................................... 15 Transportation equipment.......................................................... 20 Aircraft and parts................................................................... 14 Machinery, except electrical..................................................... 8 Fabricated metal products......................................................... 7 Food and kindred products....................................................... 6 Apparel and other textile products........................................... 5  NOTE: This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe materials compiled before actual survey.  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded. Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced in this survey: Stenographer Typist Accounting clerk  Drafter Stationary engineer Boiler tender  The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator, bookkeeping-machine operator, and machine biller.  Office  a.  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f.  Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary’s Supervisor (LS)  SECRETARY  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LS-1 a. b.  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  LS-2 a.  b.  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR) Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LS-3 a. b. c.  d. e-  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: ab. c. d. e. LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LR-1 LS-1.............................................................. LS-2.............................................................. LS-3............................................................. LS-4..........................................................  I II Ill IV  LR-2 II III IV V  STENOGRAPHER  c.  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings. (If primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-machine typist.) NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works as the principal office assistant performing more responsible and discretionary tasks. Stenographer I.  Takes and transcribes dictation under close supervision and detailed instructions. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. Stenographer II.  Takes and transcribes dictation determining the most appropriate format. Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I. Supervisor typically provides general instructions. Work requires a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organizations, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; answering routine questions, etc. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST  Uses a manual, electric, or automatic typewriter to type various materials. Included are automatic typewriters that are used only to record text and update and reproduce previously typed items from magnetic cards or tape. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Excluded from this definition is work that involves:  Familiarity with specialized terminology in various keyboard commands to manipulate or edit the recorded text to accomplish revisions, or to perform tasks such as extracting and listing items from the text, or transmitting text to other terminals, or using “sort” commands to have the machine reorder material. Typically requires the use of automatic equipment which may be either computer linked or have a programmable memory so that material can be organized in regularly used formats or preformed paragraphs which can then be coded and stored for future use in letters or documents.  Typist I  Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. Typist II  Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. FILE CLERK  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: File Clerk I  Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk II  Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk III  Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. MESSENGER  a. b.  Typing directly from spoken material that has been recorded on disks, cylinders, belts, tapes, or other similar media; The use of varitype machines, composing equipment, or automatic equip­ ment in preparing material for printing; and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Order Clerk I  Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog,-manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. Order Clerk II  Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations. ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; balancing and reconciling accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  distribution codes; examining and verifying the clerical accuracy of various types of reports, lists, calculations, postings, etc.; preparing journal vouchers; or making entries or adjustments to accounts. Levels I and II require a basic knowledge of routine clerical methods and office practices and procedures as they relate to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. Levels III and IV require a knowledge and understanding of the established and standardized bookkeeping and accounting proce­ dures and techniques used in an accounting system, or a segment of an accounting system, where there are few variations in the types of transactions handled. In addition, some jobs at each level may require a basic knowledge and understanding of the terminology, codes, and processes used in an automated accounting system. Accounting Clerk I  Performs very simple and routine accounting clerical operations, for example, recognizing and comparing easily identified numbers and codes on similar and repetitive accounting documents, verifying mathematical accuracy, and identifying discrepancies and bringing them to the supervisor’s attention. Supervisor gives clear and detailed instructions for specific assignments. Employee refers to supervisor all matters not covered by instructions. Work is closely controlled and reviewed in detail for accuracy, adequacy, and adherence to instructions. Accounting Clerk II  Performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as: Examining, verifying, and correcting accounting transactions to ensure completeness and accuracy of data and proper identification of accounts, and checking that expenditures will not exceed obligations in specified accounts; totaling, balancing, and reconciling collection vouchers; posting data to transaction sheets where employee identifies proper accounts and items to be posted; and coding documents in accordance with a chart (listing) of accounts. Employee follows specific and detailed accounting procedures. Completed work is reviewed for accuracy and compliance with procedures. Accounting Clerk III  Uses a knowledge of double entry bookkeeping in performing one or more of the following: Posts actions to journals, identifying subsidiary accounts affected and debit and credit entries to be made and assigning proper codes; reviews computer printouts against manually maintained journals, detecting and correcting erroneous postings, and preparing documents to adjust accounting classifications and other data; or reviews lists of transactions rejected by an automated system, determining reasons for rejections, and preparing necessary correcting material. On routine assignments, employee selects and applies established procedures and techniques. Detailed instructions are provided for difficult or unusual assignments. Completed work and methods used are reviewed for technical accuracy. Accounting Clerk IV  Maintains journals or subsidiary ledgers of an accounting system and balances and reconciles accounts. Typical duties include one or both of the following: Reviews invoices and statements (verifying information, ensuring sufficient funds have been obligated, and if questionable, resolving with the submitting unit, determining accounts involved, coding transactions, and processing material through data processing for  application in the accounting system); and/or analyzes and reconciles computer printouts with operating unit reports (contacting units and researching causes of discrepancies, and taking action to ensure that accounts balance). Employee resolves problems in recurring assignments in accordance with previous training and experience. Supervisor provides suggestions for handling unusual or nonrecurring transactions. Conformance with requirements and technical soundness of completed work are reviewed by the supervisor or are controlled by mechanisms built into the accounting system. NOTE: Excluded from level IV are positions responsible for maintaining either a general ledger or a general ledger in combination with subsidiary accounts. PAYROLL CLERK  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Key Entry Operator I  Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information. Key Entry Operator II  Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I. NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows: Computer Systems Analyst I  Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst. Computer Systems Analyst II  Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system. Computer Systems Analyst III  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.  Computer Programmer III  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: ab. cd. ef-  Computer Programmer I  Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  g-  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operator, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:  Computer Programmer II  Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed, Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system, Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions, Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  Computer Operator I  Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  48  Computer Operator II  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment.  In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes.  Computer Operator III  DRAFTER  COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following: a. b. c. d.  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, procedures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and informa­ tion in support of engineering functions.  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. c-  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators.  d.  PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  e.  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: a. b. c. d. ef.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I  Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion.  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II  Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy. 49  Drafter III  Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Drafter IV  Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use • of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems.  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Electronics Technician I  Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved. Electronics Technician II  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Drafter V  Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Electronics Technician III  Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. • REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  following-. Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following-. Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops. MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  STATIONARY ENGINEER MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  BOILER TENDER  Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in  52  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver WAREHOUSEMAN  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator). ORDER FILLER  Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Fills shipping , or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift) GUARD  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Guard I  Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons. Guard II  Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial Or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic designation designation Occupation (currently used) (previously used) E I Secretary..................................... ........... II D C III IV B V A  Numeric designation (currently used) I II III  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  Computer programmer (business)  I II III  C B A C B A  Occupation Computer systems analyst (business)  Stenographer.............................. ...........  I II  General Senior  Typist.......................................... ...........  I II  B A  Computer operator  I II III  C B A  I II III  Drafter  Order clerk................................. ...........  I II  B A  I II III IV V  Accounting clerk...................................  I II III IV  (not comparable)  File clerk.................................... ...........  Key entry operator.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  I  II  B A  55  (not comparable)  Electronics technician  I II III  C B A  Guard  I II  B A  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.  tf-U.S. Government Printing Office   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  :  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Holly wood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  1982 -361-265/379  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del.-N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-Kenne wickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO AVAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer Operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980, $4.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request.  Area Albany-SchenectadyJT*roy, N.Y., Sept. 1981..................................................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1981’.................................... Atlanta, Ga., May 1981*.................................. Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1981'............................................................................... Billings, Mont., July 1981 ................................................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1981'................................................................................. Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1981' ................................................................................. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1981'............................................................ Chicago, 111., May 1980 ..................................................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—lnd., July 1981 ........................................................... Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1981'............................................................................. Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19811 ............................................................................. Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1981.......................................................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1980'.............................................................. Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1981 .............................. Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1981 ................................................................................... Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1981 ........................................................................ Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1980'................................................................ Detroit, Mich., Apr. 1981 ................................................................................. Fresno, Calif., June 1981 ................................................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1981................................................................................ Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Nov. 1981 ......................................... Green Bay, Wis., July 198T................................................................................ Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1981 ......................... Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1981 ....................................................... Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1981 .............................................................................. Houston, Tex., May. 1981 ................................................................................. Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1981 ................................................................................ Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1981'........................................................ Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1981 ................................................................................. Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1981 .............................................................................. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1981................................................................. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1981'................................................... Louisville, Ky.—lnd., Nov. 1981 ......................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin number and price* 301049 3010-57 3010-24 3010-39 3010-25 301048 3010-61 301042 3010-19 3010-30 3010-44 3010-54 3010-22 3000-67 3010- 7 3010-65 3010-38 3000-68 3010-12 3010-27 3010-45 3010-59 3010-26 301043 3010-23 3010-21 3010-14 3010- 5 3010-56 3010- 4 3010-63 301047 3010-66 3010-60  $2.50 $3.25 $3.25 $3.00 $2.25 $3.25 $3.25 $3.25 $2.75 $2.75 $3.25 $3.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.75 $2.25 $3.25 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $2.50 $2.75 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $2.75 $2.25 $4.25 $1.75 $2.50 $3.00 $4.25 $2.75  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1981 ......................................................... 3010-55 Miami, Fla., Oct. 1981' ....................................................................................... 3010-53 Milwaukee, Wis., May 1981'.............................................................................. 3010-16 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1981*.............................................. 3010- 1 Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1981'................................................................... 3010-31 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1981 ......................................... ......................................... 3010- 3 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1981' .............................................................................. 3010-46 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1981' .................................................................... 3010-41 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1981 ......................... 3010-17 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1981 .................................................................... 301040 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1981 .................................................................... 3010-37 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1981 ...................................................................... 3010-51 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1981 ................................................... 3010-35 Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1981 .................................................................. 3010-52 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981 ................................................................................. 3010- 2 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1981'.............................................................................. 3010-64 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1981 .................................................................. 3010-29 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1981.......................................................................... 3010-28 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1981 .................................. 3010-32 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1981 ........................... 3010-36 Richmond, Va., June 1981 ......................................... 3010-18 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1981.......................................................................... 3010- 8 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1980'.......................................................................... 3000-70 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1981 ................................................................................ 3010-58 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1981'......................................................... 3010-62 San Antonio, Tex., May 1981 ............................................................................ 3010-15 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1980'............................................................................ 3000-71 San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1981' ................................................... 3010-13 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1981' ..................................... 3010-10 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1980 ................................................................... 3000-69 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1981 ............................................................................. 3010-33 Toledo, Ohio—Mich., June 19811.......................... 3010-20 Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1981'................................................................................. 3010-50 Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 19811 ..................................................... 3010- 6 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1981 ................................................................................. 3010-11 Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1981 .............................................................................. 3010-34 York, Pa., Feb. 1981'......................................................................................... 3010-9 * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. ' Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $2.75 $3.25 $3.25 $3.75 $3.00 $2.25 $3.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.50 $2.25 $3^00 $2.25 $2.75 $2.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.50 $2.50 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $3.00 $2.25 $2.25 $3.00 $3.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.75 $3.00 $3.00 $2.25 $2.25 $2.75  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Bulk Rate U.S. MAIL  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Permit No. G-59  «  • •  i  >  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, N Y 10036 Phone 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street, P.0 Box 13309 Philadelphia. Pa 19101 Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St., N.E. Atlanta. Ga 30367 Phone 881 -4418 (Area Code 404)  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  New Jersey New Yak Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Region V  Region VI  Region* VII and VIII  Region* IX and X  9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St. Chicago, III. 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312) Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas. Tex 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St. 15th Floor Kansas City. Mo 64106 Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave Box 36017 San Francisco. Cain 94102 Phone. 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis