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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Little Rock—North Little Rock, Arkansas,
Metropolitan Area, July 1972
Bulletin 1775-2




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Rurpau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a July 1972 survey of occupational
earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Little Rock—
North Little Rock,
Arkansas, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Pulaski and Saline Counties).
The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage
survey program.
The program is designed to yield data for individual metro­
politan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metro­
politan Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, (as defined by
the U. S. Office of Management and Budget through November 1971).
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through
the analysis of (l) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The program
develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and
salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant
location. Survey results also are used by the U. S. Department of Labor to
make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program.
(See list of areas on
inside back cover.)
In each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage bene­
fits, collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed,
two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and
regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data.
The Little Rock—
North Little Rock survey was conducted by the Bureau's
regional office in Dallas, T ex ., under the general direction of Boyd B. O'Neal,
Assistant Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been
accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary
data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The
Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
Also available for the
union wage rates for building
employees, local truckdrivers
copies of these are available
cover for addresses.)

Little Rock—
North Little Rock area are listings of
trades, printing trades, local-transit operating
and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free
from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-2

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , James D. Hodgson, Secretary

Novem ber 1972

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

Little Rock—North Little Rock, Arkansas, Metropolitan Area, July 1972
CONTENTS
Page

2 Introduction
6 Wage trends for selected occupational groups
Tables:
1.

2.

A.
8
10
11
12
13
14

15
16
17
18
19
20
22
25

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents
of increase for selected periods
Occupational earnings:
Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A - 1.
Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A - 2.
Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
A -3 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A -4 .
Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings
A -5 .
Maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material handling occupations:
A -6 .
Average hourly earnings, by sex

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
Estal
Minimum entrance salaries for women officeworkers
B -l.
Shift differentials
B -2 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days
B -3 .
Annual paid holidays
B -4 .
B-4a, , Identification of major paid holidays
Paid vacations
B -5 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans
B -6 .
Appendix.




Occupational descriptions

For H ie by the Superintendent of Document*, U.S. Government Printing Office, Wethington, D.C., 20402 - Price 55 cent*

In tro d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 96 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b asis.1 In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representa­
tive establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing:
transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale
trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are government
operations and the construction and extractive industries. Establish­
ments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted
because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Sepa­
rate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions
which meet publication criteria.

the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Earnings
data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all
industries combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included
in the overall classification when a subclassification of electronics
technicians, secretaries, or truckdrivers is not shown or information
to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule.
Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are ex­
cluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive earnings are in­
cluded. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical occu­
pations, reference is to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest
half hour) for which employees receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium
rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded
to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sam­
pling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments
within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number
of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is
selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of
selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data
are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its proba­
bility of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For ex­
ample, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a
weight of four to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the
same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classifi­
cation if data are not available for the original sample member. If
no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a
sample member that is similar to the missing unit.

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The aver­
ages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employ­
ment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed by
high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may ad­
vance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the
groups.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study are
listed and described in the appendix. Unless otherwise indicated, the
earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or
for some industry divisions within occupations, are not presented in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (o ffice occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. In­
dustries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and
thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay aver­
ages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in
individual establishments.
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupa­
tions should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes
within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to
differences include progression within established rate ranges, since
areas only the rates paid incumbents are collected, and performance of spe­
cific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descrip­
tions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more
generalized than those used in individual establishments and allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

2

3
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments
differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample
of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative impor­
tance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure
do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions for plantworkers and officeworkers. Data for industry divisions not presented
separately are included in the estimates for "all industries." Admin­
istrative, executive, and professional employees, and construction
workers who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plantworkers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice func­
tions. "Officeworkers" include working supervisors and nonsuper­
visory workers performing clerical or related functions. Cafeteria
workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but
included in nonmanufacturing industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women officeworkers
only to the establishments visited. (See table B - l.) Because
optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large
lishments are more likely than small establishments to have
entrance rates above the subclerical level, the table is more
sentative of policies in medium and large establishments.

relate
of the
estab­
formal
repre­

Shift differential data are limited to plantworkers in manu­
facturing industries. (See table B -2.) This information is presented
in terms of (1) establishment policy i for total plantworker employ­
ment, and (2) effective practice for workers actually employed on the
specified shift at the time of the survey. In establishments having
varied differentials, the amount applying to a majority is used; if no
amount applies to a majority, the classification "other" is used. In e s­
tablishments having some late-shift hours paid at normal rates, a dif­
ference is recorded only if it applies to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours and days of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plantworkers or officeworkers of that establishment. (See
table B -3 .) Scheduled weekly hours and days are those which a ma­
jority of full-time employees are expected to work, whether they are
paid straight-time or overtime rates.
2
An establishment is considered as having a policy if it met
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1)
during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form




Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pen­
sion plans are treated statistically on the basis that these are appli­
cable to all plantworkers or officeworkers if a majority of such work­
ers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
(See tables B -4 through B -6 .) Sums of individual items in tables B-2
through B -6 may not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays are limited to holidays granted annu­
ally on a formal basis; i.e ., (1) are provided for in written form, or
(2) are established by custom. (See table B -4.) Holidays ordinarily
granted are included even though they may fall on a nonworkday and
the worker is not granted another day off. The first part of the paid
holidays table presents the number of whole and half holidays actually
granted. The second part combines whole and half holidays to show
total holiday time. Table B-4a reports the incidence of the most
common paid holidays.
The summary of vacation plans is a statistical measure of
vacation provisions rather than a measure of the proportion of workers
actually receiving specific benefits. (See table B -5.) Provisions apply
to all plantworkers or officeworkers in an establishment regardless
of length of service. Payments on other than a time basis are con­
verted to a time period; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings
are considered equivalent to 1 weeks' pay. Only basic plans are in­
cluded. Estimates exclude vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans,
and "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans. Such
provisions are typical in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
Health, insurance, and pension plans for which the employer
pays at least a part of the cost include those (1) underwritten by a
commercial insurance company or nonprofit organization, (2) provided
through a union fund, or (3) paid directly by the employer out of cur­
rent operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose. (See
table B -6 .) An establishment is considered to have such a plan if the
majority of employees are covered under the plan even if less than a
majority elect to participate because employees are required to con­
tribute toward the cost of the plan. Excluded are legally required
plans, such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad
retirement.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured during temporary illness or accident disability. Infor­
mation is presented for all such plans to which the employer con­
tributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which have enacted
temporary disability insurance laws requiring employer contributions,3
plans are included only if the employer (1) contributes more than is
legally required, or (2) provides the employee with benefits which ex­
ceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations of paid sick leave plans

either of the following condi­
provisions covering late
3
had operated late shifts
contributions.
for operating late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

4
are limited to formal plans 4 which provide full pay or a proportion of
the worker's pay during absence from work because of illness. Sepa­
rate tabulations are presented according to (1) plans which provide full
pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans which provide either partial
pay or a waiting period. In addition to the presentation of proportions
of workers provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick
leave, an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either
or both types of benefits.

the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retire­
ment benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by
social security, workmen's compensation, and private pension benefits
payable to the disabled employee.

Major medical insurance plans protect employees from sick­
ness and injury expenses beyond the coverage of basic hospitalization,
medical, and surgical plans. Typical features of major medical plans
are (1) a "deductible" (e.g., $50) paid by the insured before benefits
Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to
begin; (2) a coinsurance feature requiring the insured to pay a portion
totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave
(e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses; and (3) stated dollar maximum
and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined
benefits (e.g., $ 10, 000 a year). Medical insurance provides complete
period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until
or partial payment of doctors' fees. Dental insurance usually covers
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum fillings, extractions, and X -ra y s. Excluded are plans which cover only
oral surgery or accident damage. Retirement pension plans provide
number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but
payments for the remainder of the worker's life.
informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




5

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in L ittle R o c k —N o rth L ittle R o c k , A r k .,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 J u ly 1 9 7 2
N um ber o f esta b lish m e n ts

In du stry d iv isio n

M in im um
em p lo ym e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
N um ber

A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g_______________ ___ _______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g____________________________ ___
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t i li t ie s 5________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ________________________________
R eta il t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8. . ________ __________ _____________

_

O ffice

P ercent

T o ta l4

266

97

5 0 ,3 8 0

100

3 4 ,0 5 8

7 ,3 1 4

3 1 .9 7 1

-

92
174

37
60

24, 705
2 5 ,6 7 5

49
51

19,991
14, 067

1,531
5, 783

16,866
15, 105

50
50
50
50
50

28
32
47
36
31

13
8
16
11
12

7 ,6 1 4
2, 726
7, 129
4 ,5 9 5
3 ,6 1 1

15
5
15
9
7

50

4 ,4 0 3
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

896
(6 )
( )
(&)
(6 )

6 ,3 2 6
829
4 , 167
2, 077
1,706

1 Th e L ittle R o c k -N o r th L ittle R o ck Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B u dget through N ov em b er 1971, c o n s is t s o f P u lask i and Saline C ou n ties.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . The estim a te s
a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the
u se o f esta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 Th e 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l ou tlets (within the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e p a r a te plant and o f fic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d t o " p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l t o w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S ep a ra te presen ta tion of
data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e enough data t o m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed
in itia lly t o p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n only in estim a te s
f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r th is d iv is io n i s not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s given in footn ote 6 a b ov e.
8 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (exclud ing r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u s tria l c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
A lm o s t o n e -h a lf o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the L ittle R o c k -N o r th
L ittle R ock a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m an u factu rin g f ir m s . T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r
in d u stry g rou p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
In du stry gro u p s
In stru m en ts and re la te d
p r o d u c ts _________________________ 15
E l e c t r ic a l equipm ent and
s u p p lie s _________________________ 14
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c ts _________________________ 13
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c ts _____ 13
A p p a r e l and oth er te x tile
p r o d u c ts _________________________ 6
F a b r ic a t e d m e ta l p r o d u c ts _____ 5
L u m b e r and w o o d p r o d u c t s __ __ 5
P rin tin g and p u b lis h in g _________ 5
T ra n sp orta tion equipm ent_______ 5

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
W a tc h e s , c lo c k s , and
w a t c h c a s e s ______________________ 15
I n d u s tria l c h e m ic a ls _____________ 11
C o m m u n ica tio n e q u ip m e n t_____ 5
E l e c t r ic a l in d u s tr ia l
a p p a r a tu s _______________________ 5
W o m e n 's and m i s s e s '
o u te r w e a r _______________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r t o a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as shown in ta b le 1 a b o v e .




Th e fo llo w in g tabu lation show s the p e r c e n t of p la n tw ork ers and o f fic e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich a c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R o c k , A r k ., July 1972:
N
P la n tw o rk e rs
A l l i n d u s t r ie s ______________________
M an u factu rin g----------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s __________________

O ffic e w o r k e r s

64
78
91

73

9

An e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have a c o n tr a c t c o v e r in g a ll p la n tw o rk e rs o r
o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d by a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o th e r p la n tw o rk e rs o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e e m p loy ed in es ta b lis h m en ts that
e ith e r do not have la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c ts in e f fe c t , o r have c o n t r a c ts that apply to
fe w e r than h a lf o f th e ir p la n tw o rk e rs o r o f fic e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a tes a r e not n e c e s s a r ily
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f the extent to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o v is io n s
o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d and the
in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is lim ite d .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percents of change in
average weekly salaries of office clerical workers and industrial
nurses, and in average hourly earnings of selected plantworker groups.
The indexes are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a
percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the
index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index. The percents of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These compu­
tations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant
rate between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in
averages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

The index is a measure of wages at a given time and is ex­
pressed as a percent of wages in the base year. The base year is
assigned the value of 100 percent. The index is computed by multi­
plying the base year relative (100 percent) by the relative (the percent
change plus 100 percent) for the next succeeding year and then con­
tinuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the previous
year's index.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plantworker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percents are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.

Method of Computing
Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group is assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group:
Office clerical (men and
w om en ):

Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerics, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerics, order
Clerics, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffice boys or
girls)

O ffice clerical (men and
wom en)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percents of change, as measures of change
in area averages, are influenced by: (1) General salary and wage
changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by individual
workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average wages due
to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turnover, force
expansions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of work­
ers employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in
the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable that even
though all establishments in an area gave wage increases, average
wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments entered
the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages may have
remained relatively constant, yet averages for an area may have risen
considerably because higher-paying establishments entered the area.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percents of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data are adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percents of change any significant effect caused by
changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation are multi­
plied by the occupational weight, anil the products for all occupations
in the group are totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years are
related by subtracting the aggregate for the earlier year from the
aggregate for the later year and dividing the remainder by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The result times 100 shows the percent
of change.




6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in L ittle R o c k —N o rth L ittle R o c k , A rk .,
J u ly 1971 an d Ju ly 1 9 7 2 , an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
M anufacturin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s
W e e k ly e a rn in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u stria l
nu rses
(m e n and
w om en)

H o u rly ea rn in gs
Skilled
m aintenance
tra d e s
(m en)

U n sk illed
pla n tw ork ers
(m en)

H o u rly ea rn in g s

W e e k ly ea rn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u stria l
nu rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S killed
m ain ten an ce
tra d es
(m en)

U n sk illed
plan tw ork ers
(m en)

Indexes (Ju ly 196 7:10 0)
----- .
-........................
J u ly 1971
July 1 97 2------------------------------------------------------------------

1 2 1 .2
129. 1

(!)

b

1 3 3 .7
142. 8

1 2 7 .9
1 3 4 .6

123. 8
130. 1

(*)

13 3 .3
14 0 .8

1 2 7 .5
1 3 3 .9

3. i
Z .<*

3. 1
2 .4
3 .6
1 .4
2. 0
5 .5

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
A u gust 1960 to A u gust 1 9 6 1 ______________________
A u gust 1961 to A u gust 19 6 2 ______________________
A u gust 1962 to A u gust 19 6 3 ______________________
A u gust 1963 to A u gust 1 96 4______________________
August 1964 to A u gust 1965 _____ ______ _____
August 1965 to A u gust 1 96 6__ . . . . . __ . .
August 1966 to July 1967:
11-m o n th i n c r e a s e _____________________________
Annual ra te o f i n c r e a s e _______________________
J u ly
July
July
J u ly
July

1967
1968
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to
to

J u ly
July
July
July
J u ly

. . . . .
19 6 8 ___ —
1 9 6 9 ____________________________
1 9 7 0 ____________________________
1971
..............................................
19 7 2 ____________________________

D ata do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

2. 4
4 .9
2. 7
3 .7
3. 2
3 .5
4 .9
5 .4
6. 1
5 .3
4. 8
3 .5
6 .5

b

4. 1
3 .4
1 .8
2 .4
4 .9
5. 8

3 .0
3. 1
3. 0
1 .8
6. 3
1 .4

5 .0
4. 5
3 .7
2 .6
2 .7
2 .9

h
(* )
(* )

2. 1
2 .8
2 .5
7 .0

b

4 .7
5. 1

7. 2
7 .9

4 .7
5. 1

b

4. 5
4 .9

6 .7

9. 6
3 .6
7 .0
10. 1
6 .8

6. 6
5. 5
6. 1
7. 1
5. 2

6. 5
5 .3
5. 3
4 .9
5. 1

b
b
b
b

1 0 .5
3 .5
5 .2
1 0 .8
5 .6

7 .4
3 .8
8. 1
5 .8
5 .0

)
)
>

0

(|)
)
M

)
(M

(*)
b

>

6. 1

/

8

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b le A -1. O ffic e occu p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings o f w o rk e rs in se le cte d occupations by industry division , Little Rock—
North L ittle R ock, A r k ., July 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
.

O ccupation and industry d ivision

of
° * eB

N um ber of w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

»

60
Median *

M iddle ranged

s

65

»

70

i

75

t

80

8

*

85

90

8
95

8
100

8
105

8

8

110

115

8
120

8
130

8
140

8
150

8
160

8
170

8
180

8
190

and
under

200
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

14
14

4
3

2

1

12
11

1
1

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

1

1

7

-

150

160

170

180

190

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
5
10

11
1
10

2
2

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
BILLERS. MA CH IN E (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --

33
30

39.0
38.5

$
74.00
72.50

$
$
68 .0 0- 82.50
68 .0 0- 82.50

-

B O O K K E E P IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS A -------------------------

18

39.5 108.00 105.00

91 .0 0- 13 2. 50

-

-

-

-

2

2

5

-

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS B —
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G —

46
33

40.0
39.5

83.00- 99.50
84 .0 0- 99.00

_

3

*

*

2
2

11
8

10
10

“

10
7

-

_

-

“

4
4

6
6

12
1
11

21
1
20

13
1
12

-

110
8
102

28
28

63
13
50

18
3
15

55
14
41

5
5

$
74.00
74.00

91.50
92.00

89.00
88.50

CL ER KS . AC COUNTING. CLASS A
M A NU FA CT UR IN G —
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G —

213
46
167

39.5 115.50 112.00 99 .0 0- 12 7. 00
40.0 123.50 117.50 107.50-146.50
39.0 113.00 112.00 95.5 0- 12 5. 00

.
*

CLERKS. ACCOUN TI NG . CL AS S B
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

469
80
389

39.0
40.0
39.0

-

-

“

12
-

_

90.50
96.00
86.00

75 .0 0-104.00
84.50- 10 4. 00
74.00- 10 4. 50

38.0 108.50 105.50
38.0 108.50 105.50

97.50- 10 9. 00
97 .5 0- 10 9. 00

-

94.00
95.00
94.00

12

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

1

8
5

1
1

8
8

31
18
13

27
1
26

19
3
16

26
8
18

7
1
6

11
4
7

38
15
23

34
10
24

20
11
9

12
1
11

9
1
8

11
3
8

5
1
4

54

.

_

8
8

.

_

“

6
6

-

”

_

8
8

25
24

12
9

14
12

7
7

11
11

10
3

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

3
3

_

*

CLERKS. FILE, CLASS C
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

62
60

38.0
38.0

76.50
75.50

76.00
76.00

72 .0 0- 80.00
72.00- 79.50

1
1

6
6

20
20

20
20

6
6

7
7

-

-

2

-

-

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

CLERKS. ORDER --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----N O N H A N UF AC TU RI NG —

113
28
85

40.0 103.50
40.0 106.50
40.0 102.50

97.00
99.00
96.50

87 .0 0-114.00
88 .0 0-127.00
85.50- 11 3. 00

-

-

16

8

-

-

“

*

3
1
2

3
3

11

8
4
4

4

5

9
2
7

“

16

10
3
7

_

-

17
3
14

-

-

18
11
7

11

-

1
1
-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

6
3
3

*

3
3

6
3
3

4
4
*

11
11
*

4
4
”

5
3
2

7
3
4

4
4
“

1
1
*

2
2

-

K

4

8
8

7
7

5
5

11
11

9
8

2
2

2
“

5
3

*

2
2

3
*

1
*

-

“

2
2
33
2
31

26
7
19

42
3
39

46
8
38

18
3
15

6
6

8
5
3

3

-

1

-

8

-

-

*

1

-

-

2
2

3
*

*

*

“

36
6
30
4

33
6
27
4

35
12
23

37
9
28
4

51
23
28

74
44
30

64
38
26
2

27
12
15
5

61
52

38.5
38.0

99.00
94.50

97.50
95.00

86 .0 0- 10 6. 00
84 .5 0-101.50

_

KE YP U N C H OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G —

196
28
168

39.0
40.0
39.0

90.50
91.50
90.50

89.00
91.50
89.00

82.00- 94.50
84.00- 98.00
81.50- 94.50

-

-

-

-

“

“

5
5

52
49

38.0
38.0

76.50
74.50

74.00
73.00

68 .5 0- 79.50
68.00- 78.50

6
6

10
10

14
14

11
11

1
1

5
5

498
193
305
64

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

124.00
128.50
120.50
150.00

.

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

10
10

23
1
22
8

MESS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS)
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---SECRET AR IE S --M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S

* W ork ers w e re distributed as fo llo w s :
See footn otes at end o f tables,




119.50 103.00-136.00
127.50 115.50-137.00
114.00 97 .5 0- 13 5. 50
155.50 101.00-189.50

-

-

8 at $ 200 to $ 2 1 0 ; 1 at $21 0 to $ 220; 2 at $ 220 to $ 230; and 1 at $ 230 to $ 24 0.

3
“
29
12
17

-

-

-

-

_

*

8
8

KE YP U N C H OPERATORS, CLASS A
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

-

_

*

72.00- 93.00
71.50- 91.50

-

-

2
2

80.50
79.00

40.0 109.50 108.50 98.00- 12 1. 50
40.0 110.50 109.00 104.00-119.50
99.00
89.00- 12 7. 00
39.5 107.50

-

.

*

85.00
84.50

54
36
18

1
1

-

“

39.0
39.0

CLERKS. PAYROLL -----MANUFA CT UR IN G
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---

-

*

-

*

107
94

_

-

.

"

CLERKS. FILE, CLASS B
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

*

*

2
2

22
22

*

-

*

-

*

CLERKS. FILE, CL AS S A
NONMANUFACTURING —

*

-

*

-

54

4

-

8

*

*

”

-

-

-

-

“

”

*
-

*

-

-

*

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

*

“

*

“

“

“

*

24
7
17
8

7
5
2
2

5
2
3
3

5
2
3
3

8

23
11
12
9

-

15
3
12
*12

9
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o ccu p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L it t le R ock — o r th L it t le R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1972)
N
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)_____

$

Average
weekly
houre1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

*
60

65

*

*
70

*
75

•
80

70

75

80

85

N um ber of w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$
1 ------- i ------- 1--------i ------- f
85
95
100
105
110
115
120 130
140
150

i- s - s - s - i- i - $ - 8 - i
- - - - - - - —
160

170

180

190

200

170

180

190

200

over

tinder
65

90

95

100

105

110

4
4

-

-

1
-

-

12
12

1
1

4
4

6
6

115

120

130

2
2

11
8

8
8

140

150

160

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED
SE CRETARIES - CONT IN UE D
$

$

$

$

SECRETARIES. CLASS A •
N 0 N H A N UF AC TU RI N6 ----

41
32

39.5 127.00 123.00 1 1 6. 50 39.0 126.00 122.50 1 1 6. 50 -

SECRETARIES. CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

91
24
67

39.0 125.50 123.50 109.00-134.50
40.0 140.00 132.00 123.50-147.50
39.0 120.50 118.00 104.00-133.50

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C -------------HANUr AL 1UK 1 Itb
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

91
19
72
17

39.0 135.00 128.50
135.00
38.5 133.50 127.00
40.0 178.50 200.00

107.50-153.00
118.50-154.00
104.50-144.50
120.00-209.00

_
-

139.00
139.50
-

-

“

1
—
1

-

-

-

3

_

2

8

6

8

_

-

-

-

3
-

-

2
-

8

6
-

8
4

-

SECRETARIES, CL AS S 0 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

275
141
134
37

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

114.50 99.50- 13 2. 50
126.50 111.00-134.50
103.50 93.0 0- 11 9. 50
153.50 97.00-165.50

-

-

-

-

6
6
*

19
1
18
4

22
6
16
4

24
6
18
4

24
11
13
“

23
9
14
“

22
12
10
-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

228
56
172
20

97.00
96.50 87 .0 0- 10 6. 00
39.0
40.0 106.00 107.50 97.5 0- 11 5. 00
38.5
94.00
93.50 86 .0 0- 10 2. 00
40.0 113.50 112.50 102.50-123.50

_
-

_
-

14
1
13
-

13
13

15
4
11
1

39
3
36

23
3
20
*

32
7
25
l

32
5
27
7

22
11
11
1

14
9
5
1

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

72
15
57
24

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

123.00
138.50
119.00
144.00

114.50 102.00-142.50
137.50 125.00-160.00
108.00 99 .0 0-141.00
142.50 120.50-178.50

“

--

-

-

2
2
*

2
2
“

9
9
1

2
2
1

8
8
~

10
10
2

4
3
1
1

SWITCH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

44
39

39.5
39.5

85.00
84.00

76.00
74.50

72.00- 89.00
72.00- 88.50

3
3

-

19
19

2
2

4
1

7
7

2
1

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

SW ITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

123
34
89

39.5
40.0
39.0

91.50
91.50
91.50

84.50
90.50
83.50

78.50- 97.00
80 .5 0-101.50
77.50- 95.00

7
7

-

10
10

19
8
11

30
7
23

4
2
2

19
*
15

9
4
5

8
4
4

1
1

39.0 101.50
97.50
38.5

97.00
89.50

85 .0 0- 10 7. 50
83 .5 0- 10 3. 50

_

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

12
12

9
6

9
4

11
8

16
4

5
5

38.0
40.0

74.50
83.00

70 .5 0- 82.50
78.50- 89.50

_

117
7

50
14

58
24

23
12

20
9

9
5

2
“

1

_

1

4

-

1

1

-

1

4

-

1

-

-

5
•
5

6
2
4

1
1
-

_
•
-

1
•
1

•
•
-

4
3
1

12

10

12

5

6

5

-

2

4

8

*

10
“

9
1

4
*

“

5
“

*

1
1

3
3

*8
8

38
36
2
“

28
23
5
“

15
10
5
5

10
3
7
7

14
6
8
8

7
5
2
2

1
1
*

.
•
*

3
3
3

10
3
7
7

1
1

1
1
-

*

3
1
2
2

—
*

-

-

•
-

-

7
1
6
2

6
5
1
1

7
7
7

3
3
*

2
2
—
-

5
1
4
4

4
4
4

•
—
-

—
—
~

“

-

“

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

-

.

•

•

-

-

-

*

*

1
1
*

*

-

-

4
•
4

*

-

5
3

3
*

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

•

-

4
4
“

119.00
125.00
112.50
140.00

2
1

18 . 18
8
9
10
9

5
5

6
3

19
12

”
-

*

-

TRANSC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,

3
TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

96
68

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

367
78
289

* W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:
See footnotes at end of tables.




78.50
85.50

“
-

80
3

5 at $ 200 to $ 21 0; 1 at $21 0 to $ 220; 1 at $ 220 to $ 230; and 1 at $ 230 to $ 240.

2
-

“

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

.

-

-

2
2
3
-

10
T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o c c u p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w ork ers in se le cte d occupations by industry division , Little R ock—
North Little R ock , A r k ., July 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)_____

Occupation and industry division

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
«

Average
weekly

*
80

»

*

*

85

90

95

$
100

90

95

100

105

*
105

$
110

$
115

«
120

»
125

130

*
*
*
135
140

145

150

160

»
170

»
180

$
190

$
200

210

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

3

1

»

*

*

and
under

(standard)

85

145

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS 8
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

$
39.0 117.50 117.00 108.00-126.00
38.5 117.00 117.00 108.00-124.50

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -

39.0 101.50 103.00
39.0 1 0 2 .0 0 103.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S B —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -

39.5 169.50 172.50 1 4 5. 50 39.0 161.00 159.00 14 0. 50 -

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S A

95.0094.00-

110.00
110.50
193.50
189.00

144.00-184.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----

40.0 141.50 139.00 121.50-162.50
40.0 136.50 125.00 119.00-152.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

40.0 111.50 115.50 1 0 3. 00 40.0 112.50 116.00 1 0 5. 00 -

See footnotes at end of tables.




119.00
119.00

12

11

1

T a b le A -3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , L it t le R o c k — o r th L it t le R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1972)
N
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woiken

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

Average

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
$
I24*00

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
houis 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S WO M E N — CONTINUEO

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO ME N— CONTINUEO
*

$
39

58

NUNSANUrAL 1UKINb — —— — — — — — — —

i0*0
“
W

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

——

16

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

CA

39.5

122

39.5

28
168

39.0
40.0

90.50
91.50
90.50

40*0
BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A

91.50
ni * ,n
91*30

89

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S - WOPEN

04*00

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
87*00

11*59

n A N U r A L 1U K 1Nu
286

39*0 126*00
BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
♦6
33

40.0
39.5

91.50
92.00

39

24
67

?o*o 140*00
39.0 120.50

£?
J*
r6

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

IX AA
J f2"
1 to AA
?!!*«
40*0 IT j .00

40.0 121*50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

39.0

94.00
i t t K t 1AKltbf tLAjj U

ill
ill
34

1 1 a nn
i i«t"AA
39 0 1 1 0 5 0

T9
A 9
n

28
28

COMP UT ER OPERATORSf CLASS C

38*5
38*5

^6

461

39*0 163*00

24

40^0 136*50

*

?T**n
97*50

CO MPUTER PR0GRAMERS,

228
NUNn AN Ur AL 1UK 1Nu — — — — — — — — — — —
L L t K K r 1Lti LLAjj L — —— —— —— —— — —— —

93

39.0

83*50

62
60

38.0
38.0

76.50
75.50

MA NU FA CT UR IN G — —

— — — — — ——
20

106.00
^2*9
94.00
f a n 113..>0
* *

S ee fo o t n o t e at end o f ta b le s ,




40* 0

72

39.5 123.00

PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

20

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------

24

39*0 1^9*00
40.0 144.00

94.00

40*0 112*50

12
T a b le A -4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of w ork ers in se le cte d occupations by industry d ivision , Little R ock—
North Little R o ck , A r k ., July 1972)
Num ber o f w ork ers re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
woikers

r

1
t
*
¥
»
-I
%
*
*
*
T — *
t
i
*
*
$
t
t
$
$
*
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5. 40 5.60 5.80
M “ „2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under
2.20 2 , 3 0

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 * .9 0

4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5,20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

CARPENTERS# MA IN TE NA NC E -------------

27

$
4.29

$
4.45

$
$
3.79- 4.49

EL ECTRICIANS. MA IN TE NA NC E ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

115
95

4.87
4.90

5.21
5.23

4.67- 5.26
4.63- 5.27

18

5.01

5.06

5.03- 5.08

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

39
31

4.50
4.69

4.83
4.92

4.03- 5.02
4.09- 5.05

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES --------

39

3.00

2.20

2.15- 4.05

MACHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

163
97

4.81
4.67

5.03
4.67

4.65- 5.10
4.60- 5.24

(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

260
59
181
172

4.73
3.75
5.05
5.09

5.15
3.81
5.77
5.78

3.472.773.603.61-

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

271
258

4.31
4.29

4.24
4.23

3.82- 5.04
3.83- 5.04

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

122
117

4.81
4.84

4.79
4.83

4.53- 5.31
4.55- 5.32

MECHANICS,

3

See footn otes at end of tables.




-

2

-

-

-

3

1

"

.
-

16
16

3
3

_
“

15
•
-

7
7

1
1

1

-

_

4

2

9
9

-

1

2
2

10
10

10
10

.
“

6
6

2
2

_
“

37
37

1
1

65
*

34
34

2
1

*

*

4
4
4

-

-

4

1
17

62
61

3
3

.

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

1
1

*

36
36
36

78
78
78

-

_
-

5
5

_

1
1

21
3
3

AUTOMOTIVE

5.92
5.02
5.94
5.95

_

3
3

17

-

-

1

-

3

_

_

*

3
-

*

“

_

-

-

-

*

21
21

“

“

-

*

-

4
1
3
3
10
10

*

3
3

8
8

1
1

13

12

1

12

12
12

-

13
8

58
58

-

36
36

1
1

-

_
“

103
103

_

8

6
6

16
11

_

23
23

16
16

9
9

19
19

15
15

11
11

4

7

3

3

1
1

4
4

34
34
34

10
10

32
32

-

2
2

-

_

-

18
18

6
—
6
*

-

-

13
T a b le A -5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o cc u p atio n s: H o u rly e arn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L it t le R o c k -N o r t h L it t le R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1972)

O ccupation and industry division

of
workers

Mean

2 Median^

Middle range

2

N um ber of w o rk e rs re ceivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings ofT ---- 1 ----1 ---- ~i—
1 ----1 --1 ---- i
"i---- i
s
t
1 --- 1 ---- ~i---- T
T
T
i
$
$
»
*
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2 .10 2 .20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2 .80 3.00 3 .20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20
and
under

and

-

$

$

WA TCHMEN
H A N U F A C T U R 1MG

$

*1
743

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CL EANERS ---

6

109

2

7

1.98

1.70- 2.32
?•}?
2*1?

182

90

ITB

46

69

55

62

47

66

36

61

7

3

6

-

38

2. 26

2.32

2

I18

‘ "JJ

1.89— 2 I4 S

1.89- 2.67

*

*

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2 20
' *775

over

j

26

5.00 5.20

2. 12— 2.82
2.09

ri i

N U N M N U r A v 1UK 1Nb

$

't

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

4.20 4.40 4.60

O
00

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2 .10 2 .20 2 .30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3 .00 3.20 3. 40 3.60 3.80

*
O
O

Hourly earnings3

Number

37

167

64

86

21

14

14

19

15

63

191

53

38

14

42

10

11

12

8

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
17

2l31- 2^44
1*21

15

24

127

1*92

R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS ---------------------

77

2.96

2 .4 9

2.25- 3.32

S H IP PI NG AMO RECE IV IN G CLERKS

32
17

2.91
3.02

2.78
2.83

7

14

1

2
2
3

2.74- 3.06
2.76- 3.16

8
12

16

19

21

1K U U K U K 1VtKo

400

SUrlSArlU. Aw IUni P9v
TR UC KD RI VE RS . LIGHT IUN0ER
NO N M A N U F A C T URIMG

48

2*46

2.48

2.15- 2.77

0

TR UC KDRIVERS. ME DI UH (1-1/2 TO
J ^

n*I«!

2

NU NR A N U r A C 1UK IN v *

5

1

t-6

TR UC KDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
NUNRARUr Av 1UK 1 Nvi

nANUr
1UK 1No
N U N R A n U r A C 1U K 1No
KUDLIl U l 1 L 1 1 ifcb

5.71

* A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 5.60 to $ 5.80.




5*2?
5.71

5
2*
28

See footn otes at end of tables.

5.7A

8

5.05- 5.76

73

2

*

2J

3

i*22
5.77
-

16

5
n

163




T a b le A -6 . M ain te n a n c e , p o w erp lan t, cu sto d ial, and m a te ria l h an d ling
o cc u p atio n s: A v e ra g e hourly earn in g s, by sex
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of w ork ers in selected occupations, by industry division ,
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., July 1972)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Average
(mean?)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

earnings3

Average
(mean?)
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND M ATER IA L HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS— MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE AND POW ERPLANT
OCC UPATIONS— MEN
27
*95

$
2.35

$
*.29
^*90

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

7*5?

MECHANICS. AU TOMOTIVE

TR UCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
* .7 3

271
258

*.31
*.29

117

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2 AO
59
181
172

4.8*

2.46
5.05
5.09

TR UCKORIVERS. ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------

X nn

237

CUSTODIAL AND M ATER IA L HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS— MEN

« Z7
5.76
71

2.76

*1
580
220
360
55

2.16
2.50
1.95
2 .6*
2 .* 0
2.26

37*
133

2.78
2.31

MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------

163

1.84

CUSTODIAL AND M ATER IA L HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS— WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS -----

See footnotes at end o f tables,

160

3.29
2.76

2.31

1,037
77*

JANITORS. PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS -----

5.76

_

TR UC KO RI VE RS , HEAVY (OVER * TONS,

18A

15

B. E s ta b lis h m e n t p ractices and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e provisions
T a b le B -1 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o ff ic e w o r k e r s
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffi c e w o r k e r s . L ittle R o c k — o rth L ittle R o c k , A rk . , July 1972)
N
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o rk e rs 5

In e x p e r ie n c e d typ ists

M inim um w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

B a se d on standard w e ek ly h ou rs 6

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sch ed u les

E s ta b lis h m en ts stu d ied __________________________

97

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______

M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

A ll
sch e d u le s

37

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s trie s
A ll
sch ed u les

y2

A ll
s ch ed u les

36

$ 6 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 6 2 .5 0 __________________________________
$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 . 00__________________________________
$ 65. 00 and u n d er $ 67. 50---------------------------------------------------$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50---------------------------------------------------$ 72. 50 and under $ 75. 00----------------------------------------------------$ 75. 00 and u n d er $ 77. 50----------------------------------------------------$ 7 7 .5 0 and u nd er $ 8 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 8 2 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 82. 50 and under $ 85. 00----------------------------------------------------$ 85. 00 and u nd er $ 87. 50__________________________________
$ 8 7 .5 0 and under $ 9 0 .0 0 —_________ —_______ _____________
$ 9 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 9 2 .5 0 —_____—_________________________
$ 92. 50 and under $ 95. 00__________________________________
$ 9 5 . 00 and under $ 9 7 . 50----- — —
----------------------------------$ 9 7 .5 0 and under $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ________________________________
$ 100. 00 and under $ 1 0 2 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------$ 102. 50 and o v e r ___________________________________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y _________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




97

37

31

1

-

6

1

-

1

-

-

1

2
2

2
2

5
2
2

6

2
1

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

1

4

2

xx x

2

xxx

57

21

xxx

36

xxx

1

7
2
4

2

1

1

2
7

1

6

1
1
1

37 %

-

1

5

1

1

1
6

-

1

-

1

4

2

1
*Z

-

-

-

8
9
4
7
1
7

2
3
2
2
5

2
1
1
1

1
1
1
2
1

xxx

6

xxx

38

12

2

1

1
1

-

1
-

4

6
6
2
5
1
2

4

2
6
1
4
1
2

1

-

3

1
1

1
-

1

4

2
3
2
2
5

2
1

1

4
1
-

2

1

2

1

1

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

1
1

2
1
xxx
xxx

26

xxx

xxx




T a b le B - 2 . S h if t d iffe r e n tia ls
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u fa c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k , , J u ly 1 97 2)
N

^ A U jjla n t w o r k e r s ^ n ^ n a n u fa c t u r in ^ j= ^ )0 jj> e r c e n t 2 ^ _ ^ _ ^ ^ _ ^ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ > _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
^
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n tw o rk e rs —
L a te -s h ift pay p r o v is io n

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having p r o v is io n s 7
fo r la te sh ifts
S e co n d sh ift

77. 2

N o pay d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on late s h ift ---------P a y d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on la te s h i ft __

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift

6 6 .2

A c tu a lly w ork in g on la te sh ifts

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift

15. 3

6 .2

4. 0

1 .9

1 .6

0 .6

73. 3

6 4 .3

1 3 .7

5 .6
4

T y p e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r hour)__________________
5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s -------------- ----------------8 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------- —

4 3 .8

3 4 .8

1 0 .5

2 .4
5. 7
6 .4

.4
1. 5

. 1
1. 5
2. 1

4. 7

-

-

10
2.’ 4
4 .8
.6
1 6 .0
6 .2
1 .8

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ..____ — ------- ----------------

29. 5

29. 5

3. 2

.9

5 p e r c e n t - --------------. _
. . . —
7 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------

19. 0
10. 5

1 9 .0
7 .9
2 .6

1. 5
1 .7

.7
. 1

11
12
14
15
16
17

c e n t s ------------------- _
- ______ c e n t s — — . . ____ ____
. . __
cen ts- _
__ ____
___ c e n t s - - _____________
____ — c e n t s ____________________________ -___ _
c e n t s -.------ ------ -------------- ---- _ ____

S e e f o o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e s .

2L6
1 .3
1 .4
1. 8
2. 2
-

4. 3
.4
.9
.6
.5
_
-

.2
.5
_
.
2 .3
1 .2
.6

17

T a b le B - 3 . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s
(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by s ch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs and days
o f f ir s t -s h ift w o r k e r s . L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly {972)
N
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o r k e r s
W eekly h o u rs and days
A ll in d u strie s

100

36 h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------36V h o u rs — 5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------4
3 7 V2 h o u r s —
—
_______________ —
5 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------5 y2 days
.
- — ----------38V2 h o u rs — 5 days
40 h o u r s ___________________________________________
5 d a y s __________________________________________
5Vz day 8 —_________ ....— ------------------------------ -----42 h ou rs — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------44 h ou rs — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------45 h ou rs — 5 d a y s _________________________________
4 7 V2 h o u rs — 5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------48 h ou rs — 6 d a y s _________________________________

S ee fo o tn o te at end. o f t a b le s .




1
1
6

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

1

A ll in d u stries

_
-

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

1 00

6

_
-

-

5

3
3

1
1

-

-

29
29
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

81
81

64
64
(’ )

98
96

100
1 00

2

-

-

85
85

100
100

-

-

-

4

6

-

-

1
2
1

-

-

-

-

4

(’ )
2
2

1

2

-

18

T a b le B - 4 . A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l i d a y s . L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1 972)
N

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u strie s

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------------- ----W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s — —-------------------------------------------

M anufacturin g

100

100

95

98

5

2

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

95

99

99

99

5

1

1

1

_

_

9
9
1
22
17
31
11

8
2
31
58
-

-

-

*

-

11
42
58
80
81
90
99
99
99

58
89
91
91
91
99
99
99

N u m ber o f days
L e s s than 5 h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------5 h o lid a y s _
_ ______ ______
____ _______
6 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
6 h olid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------7 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------- ---------------- —
8 h o lid a y s ----------------— ------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------9 h olid a y s — __________________________________
10 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------11 [h o lid a y s—
------- -r----------------------------------------12 h o lid a y s ________________________________________

2
18
11
1
12
17
22
12
-

_

.

8
10
1
11
16
31
20

14
51
30
-

-

-

-

-

1
16
7
2
17
19
3
29
2
2
2

20
51
67
78
79
90
98
98
98

30
81
81
81
81
95
95
95

2
4
6
38
57
74
76
83
98
98
99

T o ta l h o lid a y t i m e 1
0
12 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------11 d ays o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------10 days o r m o r e -------------------------- -------------------------9 d ays o r m o r e --------- -------------------------------------------8 days o r m o r e ---------- --- ---------------------------------------7 d ays o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------b lh d ays o r m o r e -------------- ------------------------------------6 d a y 8 o r m o r f ■------------------------------------ —________
5 d ays o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------4 d ays o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f tables,




12
34
51
63
65
76
93
94
95

19

T a b le B - 4 a . Id e n tific a tio n o f m a jo r p a id h o lid a y s
(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by paid h o lid a y s . L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k , , J u ly 1972)
N
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o r k e r s
H oliday
A ll in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

N ew Y e a r 's D a y ----------------------------------------------- -----W a sh in g ton 's B irth d a y ------------------------------------------G ood F r i d a y _________________________________ ______
M e m o r ia l D a y---------------------------------------------------------F ou rth o f J u ly —
—
—
-----—
L a b o r D ay---------------------------------------------------------------C olum bus D a y---------------------------------------------------------V e te ra n s D a y______________________________________
T h an k sgivin g D a y --------------------------------------------------D a y a fte r T h a n k sgivin g ___________________________
C h ris tm a s E v e------ -------------------------------------------------C h ris tm a s E v e , h a lf day _________________________
C h ris tm a s D ay—__ —_______________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E v e ___________________________________
F loa tin g h o lid a y 12—-----------------------------------------------E m p lo y e e 's b ir th d a y ______________________________

S ee footn ote at end o f tables.




100

94
22
40
66
93
93
(9 )
7
91
28
45
1
95
6
10
10

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

98
25
57
84
98
98

95
56
48
81
95
95
3
22
95

99
39
31
78
99
98
12
32
98
16
28
4
99
2
10
4

99
14
54
84
99
99

99
70
60
91
99
99

-

2
98
48
67
1
98
10
7
2

-

33
-

95
-

33

m * i

99
36
59
1
99
8
16

-

48
99
31
-

99
-

29

20

T a b le B - 5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1972)
N

P la n tw o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s --------------------- -------------------

_

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
96
3
1

100
95
5

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s — ________________________ ________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t_____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------O t h e r -----------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a t io n s -------------------------------------------------

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A m oun t o f v a ca tio n p a v 1
*
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ______________________________________
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ----------- ------- ----------

20
10
1

33
3
-

_
26
-

6
53
11

12
39
-

_
53
-

3
85
1
8
2

4
90
1
1
3

_
82
18
-

_
29
70
1

_
30
64
5

_
72
28
-

50
6
41
2

71
9
17
3

_
5
95
-

8
(’ )
90
1

21
72
7

_
1
99
-

13
18
64
4

19
29
45
7

_
5
95
-

2
1
91
6

9
3
69
19

_
1
99
-

11
18
66
4

16
28
49
7

_
5
95
*

2
1
92
6

7
3
71
19

_
1
99
“

4
89
1
6

5
86
1
8

100
-

o
87
2
10
(’ )

1
64
8
25
2

100
-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek______________ _____________ — ----1 w eek _______ — _ -----------------------------------------O v e r 1 and und er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________ ______
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

A fte r 2 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _- —
----------------------------- ------A ft e r 3 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 4 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eek s ____ _____________________ ______ ___________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 5 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 WCekS..........................................................................

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f tables,




21

T a b le B - 5 . P a id v a c a tio n s — C o n tin u e d
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , L it t l e R o c k - N o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1 97 2)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o rk e rs
V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

A m oun t o f v a ca tio n p a v 1 — Continued
3
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s __ — — --------- . ------------------ ------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w eeks - ___ ____ ___ __________ ____________ ________ _
4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

_

.

3
37
4
56
(’ )

4
29
5
61
(9)

9
5
85
-

(9)
35
(9)
61
3

1
25
_
67
7

4
1
95
-

3
32
4
60
(9)

4
27
5
64
(9)

_
5
95
-

(9)
32
(9)
64
3

1
21
71
7

_
1
99
-

3
29
53
1
14

4
23
61
1
11

80
20

(9)
26
60
14

1
15
69
_
15

_
84
_
16

3
26
27
4
39
(9)

4
19
35
5
36
(9)

14
5
81
-

(9)
18
45
(9)
35
1

1
12
46
_
34
7

3
26
22
1
37
10

4
19
25
1
40
11

14
5
51
30

(9 )
18
38
(9)
29
14

1
12
42
30
16

3
26
22
1
35
12

4
19
25
1
37
14

(9)
18
38
(9)
29
13
1

1
12
42
28
12
5

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ffk ~ . - - ___ _____ ___________ ____ ______
2 w e e k s -----—
-------------------------- ------------------O v e r 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ____________ _________
3 w eeks --------------- ---------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------- - — -------------------------------

_

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
l w e ek ----- —
____________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

_

.
_
8
1
91

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eek s - -__________________________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
5 w e e k s _____________________________________________

_

.

8
1
33
58

M axim u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le *
1 w eek______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________ ___________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
6 w e e k s _____________________________________________

* E s tim a te s o f p r o v is io n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e a r e id e n tica l.
See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




_

14
5
51
30

_

8
1
33
58

22

T a b le B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s
(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e -w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits . L ittle R o c k -N o r th L ittle R o c k , A rk . , J u ly 1972)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o rk e rs
T yp e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n cin g 14

A ll in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits show n b e l o w ____________

93

92

100

99

98

100

L ife in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------N on c o n trib u to r y p la n s _____________________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ______________________________________
N on c o n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 1
5__________________________

89
47

92
52

100
85

94
57

96
56

100
85

63
34

52
32

92
77

76
41

67
39

90
76

77

81

64

70

85

82

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e __________
N o n c o n trib u to r y p la n s --------------------------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )____________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )____________________________

62
38

78
50

34
29

45
28

65
39

16
15

20

8

40

42

58

72

2

-

*

4

~

L o n g -t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e ---------------------N o n c o n trib u to r y p l a n s _____________________
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e --------------------------- ----N on c o n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to r y p la n s --------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------N on c o n trib u to r y p la n s _____________________
D en tal in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------N on c o n trib u to r y p la n s --------------------------------R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n .. —
— ___
- - N on c o n trib u to r y p la n s _____________________

18
14
90
46
90
46
89
45
77
39
7
7
68
54

18
14
89
52
89
52
88
52
74
43

33
22
100
68
100
68
100
68
100
68
19
19
59
54

54
37
93
39
93
39
92
39
89
37
9
2
80
57

42
29
98
55
98
55
96
55
87
44
2
61
52

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s




(?)
C)
71
64

63
52
100
72
100
72
100
72
100
72
2
2
83
74

23

F o o tn o te s
All of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plantworkers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
1 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a
0
total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions
then were cumulated.
1 These days are provided as part of a Christmas—
1
New Year holiday period which typically begins with Christmas Eve and ends with
New Year's Day. Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries. Because of year-to-year
variation in the number of workdays during the period, pay for a Sunday in December, frequently referred to as a "bonus holiday," may be
provided to equalize each year's total holiday pay.
12
M
Floating" holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent
3
time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not
necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10
years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3
weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
14 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
18 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.







;

•

os

A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p rop ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u nd er a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll tit le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to es ta b lis h m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o s e in u se in
individ ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In app lying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s tru cte d
to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s : le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
C L E R K , ACCO U NTIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M ACHIN E
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts, b i ll s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic t y p e w rite r . M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r
c le r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s if ie d by type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (co m b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e t c .
U su ally in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te rm in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w hich m a y o r
m a y not be c om p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w hich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d
by m a c h in e . The o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e nu m ber o f ca r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fold m a c h in e .
B ille r , m a ch in e (book k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a b o ok k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout
a ty p e w rite r k eyboa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tion . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s fig u re s on a nu m ber o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s
and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f b ook k eep in g.
W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
BO O KK E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b o ok k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r without a ty p e w rite r k e yb o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a kn ow ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
book k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the s tru ctu re o f the p a r ticu la r a cco u n tin g sy s te m
u sed . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be used in ea ch
ph a se o f the w ork . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce sh e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c t io n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n ow ledge o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a se s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a cco u n ts pa ya b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in ve n to ry c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets f o r the a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
C L E R K , ACCO U N TIN G
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c le r i c a l task s such as p o stin g t o r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern al c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e ith er a m anual o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a kn ow ledge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f fic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a cco u n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the book k eepin g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s ed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g.




the

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p era tion s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r e x a m p le, c le r i c a l ly p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e accou n tin g tr a n s a c t io n s , s e le ctin g am ong a substantial v a r ie t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s and c la s s if ic a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s through p r e v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and stan dardized p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tific a tio n o f item s and lo ca tio n s o f p ostin g s a r e
c le a r l y in d ica te d ; c h e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts ; and c o d in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s i f ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . May p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f il e s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n ic a l d o cu m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m containin g a num ber o f v a ried su b ject
m a tte r f il e s . M ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s types in con ju n ction
with the f il e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f ile s
ings o r p a r tly c la s s if ie d m a t e r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s te d ,
w ard s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d

u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m atter) h ead ­
fin e r subh ea din gs. P r e p a r e s sim p le rela ted in dex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r i c a l ta sk s re q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a t io n sy s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f il l out w ithdraw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e by m a il, phon e, or p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be f ille d . M ay ch eck with c r e d it
depa rtm en t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o ( c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have been f ille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e ck shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C om pu tes w ages o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu latin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a sed on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s : and
p o stin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork in g
d a y s , t im e , ra te , d ed u ction s f o r in s u r a n c e , and total w ages due. M ay m ake out p a y ch e ck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

N O T E : Since the la st s u r v e y in this a r e a , the B u reau has (1) d isco n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data fo r C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s , (2) changed
e le c t r o n ic s te ch n icia n s c la s s if ic a t io n fr o m a sin g le le v e l to a th ree le v e l jo b , and (3) begun c o lle c t in g data f o r w a reh ou sem en .

25

26
KEYPUNCH O PE RATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

O p era tes a keypu nch m a ch in e
tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e .

to r e c o r d

o r v e r i fy

alp h a b etic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

data on

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and judgm ent in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u res to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be
keypu n ch ed fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e rou tin e
k eypu nch w o rk .
M ay t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypu nch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d efin ition s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th o se o f fic ia ls w ho have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o licy m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . Th e title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w hose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on in divid u al c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., ap p rov e o r deny individ ual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r in divid u al tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c le r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts w h ich have
b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w hich have be e n p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l,
se gm e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la s s B

M ESSEN GER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties su ch as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fi c e m a ­
ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , open in g and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ifica n t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r or g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d ivid u a l. M aintain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l ls , p e r s o n a l c a l le r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
in q u ir e s , and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;

an sw ers

b.

E s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in divid u al plant, fa c t o r y , e t c . ( o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o f fic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s : o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t org a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an or g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ofte n in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l
hun dred p e r s o n s ) o r a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M aintain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k e s ap p ointm ents as in s tru cte d ;

d.

rou tin e

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than tke c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

by

o th e rs f o r the

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not eq u ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h ose org a n iz a tion a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d oz en e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tion al se g m e n ts w hich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d iv id ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in clu d e s a w ide range o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o; c>r
2. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an individ ual plant, f a c to r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r equ ivalent le v e l
o f o f fic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s ste n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o f fic e rou tin e and understanding o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a sm a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o ir
2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : M any c om p a n ies a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , t o th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STE N O G R A PH E R

a.

P o s itio n s

b.

S ten og ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l type du ties;

w h ich

do

not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

con cept

d e s c r ib e d

ab o v e ;

c.
S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f fic e a s s is ta n ts to a grou p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the duties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e routin e o r
su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the defin itio n ;

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n u sin g sh orth an d , and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s ee T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r, G e n e ra l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w o rk s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G en eral

e . A s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l duties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .




D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f il e s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

27
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

S ten og ra p h er, S e n io r

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s .

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such a s in le g a l b r ie fs
o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a ls o set up and m aintain f il e s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ifica n tly g r e a t e r in depen d en ce and r e s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d b y the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten og ra p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g know ledge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f fi c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o rk flo w , e t c .
U ses this know ledge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r i c a l task s such as m ain tain in g fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in s tru ctio n s ; re a d in g and
routin g in c o m in g m a il; and an sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
SW ITC H B OA RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o f fi c e c a lls . P e r fo r m s full te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l ls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in add ition to
doing rou tin e w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll-t im e
a ssig n m en t. ( " F u l l" te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w hen the e sta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily un d erstan d able fo r te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e ca u s e
o f ov er la p p in g o r in te rr e la te d fu n ctio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w hich e x ten sion s a r e a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itch b o a rd handling in c o m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a l ls . M ay handle routin e lon g d is ta n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ction s o f the e sta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily und erstan d able f o r telep h on e
in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the re q u e s ts a r e ro u tin e , e .g ., givin g e x te n s io n n u m b ers when
s p e c ific n am es a re fu rn is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to an other o p e r a t o r .)
T h e se c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in telep h on e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITC H B OA RD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In add ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e s w itch ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as part o f r e g u la r
d u tie s . T h is typing o r c le r i c a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itch b oa rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M a ch in e O p e ra to r)
O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e t c . E x clu d ed fro m th is d e fin itio n a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o e x clu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e ven though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts including dev isin g
d iffic u lt c o n tr o l panel w irin g under g en era l s u p e r v is io n . A s s ig n m en ts ty p ic a lly in v olv e a
v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , req u irin g
s o m e planning o f the nature and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
ch in e s .
Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p era tion s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the op era tin g seq u en ces o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s . D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim ite d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s . O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
cou n tin g m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition t o the s im p le r m a ch in es
u se d by c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M ay tr a in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tru ctio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g
m a c h in e s su ch as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e t c . A ssig n m en ts
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit, f o r ex a m p le , individ ual s o r tin g o r co lla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p e r a t io n s . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .
TR AN SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v olv in g a n o rm a l routin e v o c a b u la r y fro m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who takes d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if ie d as a s ten og ra p h er.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r ite r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tio n s have b e e n m ad e by an other p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l train in g , such
as keepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s ortin g and distrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in final fo r m when
it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p ellin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , pun ctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typing o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s t o m aintain u n iform ity
and b a la n ce in s p a cin g . M ay type routin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d r a fts ; o r rou tin e typing o f f o r m s , in s u ra n ce p o l ic i e s , e t c .; o r setting up sim p le standard
tabu lation s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to o p e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru ctio n s to d e te rm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loads equipm ent w ith re q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it , and starts
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s adjustm ents to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e during o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p rogram .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m needs
m a jo r ch an ge o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b le t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and tak es c o r r e c t i v e a ction . T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r usin g standard c o r r e c t i o n te ch n iq u es.
OR
O p e ra te s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a to r by in d e ­
p end ently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and with fre q u en t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on routin e p r o g r a m s u nd er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p ected to d ev e lo p
w ork in g k n ow led ge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent u sed and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U su ally has r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in co m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C la s s A . O p e ra te s independ ently, o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d
and in tro d u c e d ; sch e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow n tim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e sig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a
w ork in g k n ow ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and altern ate p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay
g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu idan ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS

C la s s B . O p e ra te s indepen d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o st o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th ere is little o r no te stin g

C o n v e r ts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s an a lyst, into
a se q u e n ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ip m en t. W orking fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ich , when e n te re d into the c o m p u ter s y s te m in c o d e d lan gu ag e, c a u s e the m anipulation




28
COM PU TER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f
c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r ticu la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m ste p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts t o c o d e d in s tru ctio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l du rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g should be c la s s i f ie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific
a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A . W ork s in depen d en tly o r u nd er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on q o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a se s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify the n ature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s s te p s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
plans the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d t o e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the c o m p u te r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .
At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich ca n be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a ge poin ts be tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm e n ts to data w hen p r o g r a m re q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
co m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c it y , and su bstan tial m an ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data ele m e n ts
to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W orks indepen d en tly o r und er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la tiv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p r o d u c e d by r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r ad d ition s to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g
o f data ca n be t e s te d by u sin g a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u nd er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h igh e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by in depen d en tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u su a lly
le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o rk is re v ie w e d to v e r i fy its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e with
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g them by u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f all s p e c ific a t io n s needed to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m ^ . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s nu m ber and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d o cu m e n ts to
be u s e d ; ou tlin es a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and co m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d etail fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m an agem en t and fo r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w ork and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r ticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s : and r e c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g should be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is i s the s k ill u se d to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s an a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with
s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s an a lysts a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W orks indepen d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
v o lv in g all p h a se s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r ex a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in tegra ted
p r o d u c tio n s ch e d u lin g , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich




COM PU TER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

e v e r y ite m o f e a ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itiated by the com p u ter.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes re c o m m e n d a tio n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and f o r obtaining equ ipm en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l
a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n to lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s a n a ly sts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B . W orks indepen d en tly o r und er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h om og en eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m ain tain in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank,
m ain tain in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v en tory a ccou n ts
in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the;
data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W orks on a se gm e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r
c la s s A . W orks in depen d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and gu idan ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W ork is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e with
in s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r alin em en t with the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W orks u nd er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s an a lyst by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo r m a tio n d ev e lo p e d by the h ig h er le v e l an a lyst.
D R A F TSM A N
C la s s A . P lan s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d esig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W orks in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g es. A n a ly zes the
e ffe c t o f e a ch change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r t s .
W orks w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g d e te r m in a tio n s . M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd iz e d draw in g te ch n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed .
D uties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u ch w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d ra w in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh a p es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c tu r a l d ra w in gs f o r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a b u ildin g in clu d in g d eta il d raw in gs o f fou n dation s, w all
s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U ses a c c e p t e d fo r m u la s and m an u a ls in m aking n e c e s s a r y
com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tren g th s ,
s tr e ss e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ica l ad eq u a cy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d raw in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts f o r en g in e e r in g , co n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T yp es o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p osition in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n um ber o f s o u r c e s
and adju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g gested m eth od s o f a p p roa ch , ap p lica b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv en w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te when a s s ig n m en ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s by p la cin g t r a c in g cloth o r p ap er o v e r
d raw in gs and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n s is t in g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r re p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e l y s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W orks on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one
o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g, m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , ov e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g ,
m o d ify in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and te s tin g . W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ica l know ledge
o f e le c t r o n i c s p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n ctio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in r e q u ir e d
o p e ra tin g c o n d itio n .

29
E L E C T R O N IC S

T E C H N I C I A N — C o n t in u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S

The equipm ent— c o n s is t in g o f e ith e r m a n y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n
o f the sam e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d t o , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic t r a n s ­
m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equipm ent ( e .g ., r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v igation al
a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and an a log c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
equipm ent.
T h is c la s s if ic a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir m e n o f s u ch standard e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t as c o m m o n
o f fic e m a c h in e s and h o u se h o ld ra d io and t e le v is io n s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n icia n s w ho have a d m in is ­
tr a tiv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . A p p lie s a d va n ce d te c h n ica l k n ow ledge to s o lv e unu su ally c o m p le x p r o b le m s
( i . e ., th o s e that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r
s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e
lo c a tio n and d en sity o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s , and
freq u en t en g in e e r in g ch a n g e s . W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d u n d erstand ing o f the in t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independ ent ju d gm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m aking c ir c u it
a n a ly s e s , ca lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using
c o m p le x t e s t in stru m e n ts ( e .g ., dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q -m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse
g e n e r a t o r s ).
W ork m a y be re v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s . M ay p r o v id e te c h n ica l gu idan ce to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n icia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i. e .,
th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anua ls o r
s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic e qu ip m en t. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y with
the in t e rr e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u i t s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te r m in in g w o rk s e q u e n ce and in s e le c t in g
t o o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u su a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u se d b y the c la s s A te c h n icia n .

T E C H N I C I A N — C o n t in u e d

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er le v e l te c h n icia n ,
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t ic e s and w ork a s s ig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ica l g u id an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n icia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to p e r f o r m s im p le o r routin e task s in
w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic e qu ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v ir tu a lly all
procedu res.
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such task s a s : A s s is t in g h igh er le v e l te ch n icia n s by
p e r fo r m in g su ch a c t iv it ie s as r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w irin g c ir c u i t s , and taking te s t r ea d in g s ;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n ic equipm ent; and u sin g t o o ls and co m m o n te s t in stru m en ts ( e .g .,
m u ltim e t e r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be
f a m ilia r with the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u i t s . T h is k n ow led ge, h o w e v e r , m ay be a c q u ir e d
th rou gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to i n c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m training) s o that
w o rk e r can a d va n ce to h ig h e r le v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ica l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er le v e l tech n icia n .
W ork is ty p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is given d e ta ile d r e v ie w when n ew o r advanced a ssig n m en ts
a r e in v o lv e d .

NURSE, IN D U STR IAL (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e und er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to i ll o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i ll o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Giving f ir s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e v a lu a tion s o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health e d u ca tion , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en v iron m en t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N ursing s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one n u rs e a r e ex clu d ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E

F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y BO ILE R

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equ ipm en t su ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
P lann ing and la y in g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; usin g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and stan dard m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k ­
ing standard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le ctin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p loy ed with heat, p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u rn er; and
c h e c k s w a te r and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s su ch as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , heatin g u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia gn o sin g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l
s y s te m o r equ ip m en t; w ork in g standard com p u ta tio n s re la tin g to lo a d re q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l equ ip m en t; and usin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g
in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain te n a n ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

EN G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s ta tio n a r y e n gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
such as stea m e n g in es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e ra tin g eq u ip m en t, steam b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pu m p s; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu el co n su m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .




H E L P E R , M AIN TE N A N C E TR AD ES
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o rk e r su p p lied with m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ;
cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by holdin g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n sk ille d ta sk s as d ir e c t e d by jou rn ey m a n .
The kind o f w ork the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e t o tr a d e : In s om e tra d es the h e lp e r is con fin ed
to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and h oldin g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and clea n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in oth ers
he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p es o f m a ch in e t o o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th es , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u ir in g c o m p lic a te d setups o r
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; s e le ctin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e ; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during op e r a tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r coo.lants and cutting and lu b rica tin g o i ls .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die job b in g
shops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .
M AC H IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E
P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w ork ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t 's

30
M ACH IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E — C ontinued

P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

h an dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
s ion s o f w ork , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
the co m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r his w ork ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an es ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s
the f o llo w in g ; K n ow led ge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f il l e r in nail
h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint with s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls , white
le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to o btain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the
m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a intena nce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; E x am in in g au to m o tiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f such h an dtools as w re n ch e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm e n ts; and alin ing w h e e ls , adju stin g b ra k e s
and lig h ts , o r tig h ten in g body b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s if ic a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to ­
m o b ile r e p a ir s h op s.

M EC H A N IC , M AIN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d ism a n tlin g o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f h an dtools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s o btain ed
fr o m sto c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sen din g o f the
m a ch in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h eavy
equipm ent w hen ch an ges in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty
o f h an dtools and r ig g in g ; m ak in g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and b alan cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le c t in g standard t o o ls ,
equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u se d ; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
equipm ent s u ch as d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, ste a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p es o f p ip e and p ip efittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a ying out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo ca te
p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t lengths w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th rea d in g
p ip e with s t o c k s and d ie s ; bending p ip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa ste n in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ipe r e q u ir e d ; and m aking standard t e s ts to d e te r m in e w h ether fin ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gaged in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g buildin g san itation
o r heating s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R, M A IN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain ta in s in g ood r e p a ir * h e s h e e t -m e t a l equ ipm en t and fix tu r e s
(s u ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , t in k s , v e n t ila to r s , ch u te s , d u cts , m e ta l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lann ing and layin g out a ll
ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g
up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f han dtools
in cu tting, ben d in g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AND DIE M A K E R
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; Planning and
layin g out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's han dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; u n d er­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g o f
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts during fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip
o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
shops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in t o o l

and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AN D W ATCH M EN
G uard. P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m aintain ing o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es gatem en w ho a r e station ed at gate and c h e c k
on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W atchm an. M ak es rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y again st f i r e ,
th eft, and ille g a l en try.

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H ANDLING
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, s t o r e , o r oth er esta b lish m en t
w h ose duties in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : L oa din g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpackin g, s h elv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e by han dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and unload sh ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O R D E R F IL L E R
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apa rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e
a co m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : S w eeping, m op p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g a re e x c lu d e d .




F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g ood s fr o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce with s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in add ition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f il l e d o r o m itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n a dd ition al s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d d u ties.

31
P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G

T R UCK DRIVER— C ontinued

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la cin g th em in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n um ber
o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
K now ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te type
and s iz e o f co n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p rev en t b rea k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g co n ta in e r ; in d applying la b e ls o r en te rin g
iden tifyin g data on co n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

(co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d sep a r a te ly )
ligh t (under l*/z ton s)
m e d iu m ( l'/z to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r type)
h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a il e r type)

SH IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s m e r ch a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g sh ip ­
m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f the g ood s sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f la d in g, p o stin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r ch a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f shipm ents
against b ills o f ladin g, in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g f o r sh o rta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m ­
aged g o o d s ; routin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f il e s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
TR U C K D RIV ER
D riv e s a tr u c k w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
equipm ent, o r m e n betw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M anufacturin g plan ts, fre ig h t
d ep ots , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and re ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il es ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o load o r unload tru ck with o r without h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in go o d w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x clu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c to r to tr a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er e sta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by type o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w areh ou sin g duties w hich r e q u ir e an understanding
o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V erify in g m a te r ia ls
(o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a gain st r e c e iv in g d o cu m e n ts , noting and re p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob viou s
d a m a g e s ; routin g m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo ca tio n s ; sto r in g , stack in g, o r p a lle tiz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth od s; re a r r a n g in g and taking in v en tory o f
s to r e d m a t e r ia ls : exam in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r tin g d e te r io r a tio n and dam age; rem ov in g
m a te r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and p re p a r in g it fo r sh ipm en t. M ay o p e r a te hand o r pow er tru ck s in
p e r fo r m in g w a re h o u sin g d u tie s.
E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v olv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w ork (s e e shipping
and r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r , sh ippin g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f il l e r ) , o r operatin g pow er
t r u c k s (s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t---The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
will be available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Amarillo, Tex.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga—S.C.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga —Ala.
Corpus Christi, Tex.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak—Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md—Pa—W. Va.
Fresno, Calif.
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.

Copies of public releases are or

Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste.
Marie, Mich.
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.
(Brevard Co.)
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Norwich—
Groton^-New London, Conn.
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Portsmouth, N.H—Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Shermam-Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J—Md.
Yuma, Ariz.

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Austin, Tex.*
Fort Smith, Ark—Okla.
Great Falls, Mont.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 1973.

Lexington, Ky.*
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
See inside back cover.

The twelfth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1742, National Survey of Professional, Administrative,
Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1971, 75 cents a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the
Superintendent of Documents, t . . Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
)S




☆

U. S .

G O V E R N M E N T

PRIN TIN G

OFFICE:

1 972 “

“

746-1 8 5 / 3 1

A re a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1----------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1972---------------Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1972 1-----------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1 —
Atlanta, Ga., May 1972 1----------------------------------------------Austin, Tex., Dec. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1971____________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1972--------Binghamton, N .Y., July 1971 1------------------------------------Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1972_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971---------------------------------------Boston, Mass., Aug. 1971_____________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1971_______________________________
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1______________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1972 1 ---------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 1 ___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1971----------------------------Chicago, 111., June 1972________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972--------------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971_____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1971------------------- ---------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1972 1—
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1
— ----Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 ------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1972--------------------------------------------Durham, N.C., Apr. 1972 1------------------------------------------Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach. Fla., Apr. 1972 1_____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1971----------------------------------------Green Bay, W is., July 1972 1---------------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1972-----------------------------------------Houston, Tex., Apr. 1972---------------------------------------------Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1972 1 __________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971___________________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972--------------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1971_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1971----------------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1972 1-----------Lexington, Ky., Nov. 19721 (to be surveyed)
Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark., July 1972 1--------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1972-------------------------------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1---------------------------------Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1972 1-----------------------------------------Manchester, N.H., July 1971_________________—_______
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1971 1 ____________________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1971____________________________ ___
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1972 1 _____ —
_________
l

Bulletin number
and price
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40
30
35
35
45

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

35
30
35
30
30
40
45
25
35
35
35
30
70
35
40
30
35
35
35
35
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1725-81,

35
30
55
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-2,

55 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,

45
35
35
30
35
30
30

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Area
Milwaukee, W is., May 1972 1----------------------------------------Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 ------ ---- ---------St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 19721 --------Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972*-------------------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1_________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972_____________________ ___—
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1972 1
____________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972--------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1971 1--------------------------------Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1------------------------------- —
Pater son—
Clifton—
Pas saic, N.J., June 1972 1 ---------------Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1971 1 ------------------------- ---Phoenix, A riz., June 1971______________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1---------------------------- —
---------Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 ----- — --------------------Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y.,
June 1972 1 ____________________________________________
Providence—
Warwick-Pawtucket, R.I.— ass.,
M
May 1972______________________________________________
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1971_______________________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1972 1 -----------------------------------------Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1971 ' —
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 -------------------------------------------St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1972_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971____________ ___________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1972___________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1971 1__________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1 -----------------San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1972____________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1 -------------------------- ---- ------------Scranton, Pa., July 1971---- — ---------------------- — ----------—
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1972___ —
________________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971_________— — ---------------South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 ------------------- -------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1-------------------------------------- —
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1971 1____________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Nov. 1971 1--------—
-------- —
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1972 1 ----------------------------- ——
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971__________ —
________ _________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1971 1_________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1972 1 ----------------------Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 19721 ________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971______________________ _______
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972 1— ___ _____—______ — ___
Worcester, Mass., May 1972 1________ —
______ — ______
York, Pa., Feb. 1972*_________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1 ________________

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30
35
35
40
50
30
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1725-5,
1725-72,

30 cent6
30 cent 8
35 cents

1725-43,
1725-7,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1725-78,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30
35
35
35
30
30
35
50
30
35
30
30
25
35
35
35
35
35
30
35
70
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

BUREAU O F LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G TO N , D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BU SIN E SS
PENALTY FOR PR IVATE USE $300

POSTAGE AN D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-446

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
C o nnecticut
M aine
M assachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Verm ont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area C ode 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaw are
District of Colum bia
M aryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
W est Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 P eachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area C ode 404)
Alabam a
Florida
G eorgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North C arolina
South C arolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W anker Drive
C hicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illino is
Indiana
M ichigan
M innesota
Ohio
W isconsin

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
O klahom a
Texas

Regions V II and V III

Regions IX and X
450 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area C ode 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
C a lifo rn ia
Idaho
Haw aii
Oregon
Nevada
W ashington




Federal Office Building
911 W alnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
M ontana
Missouri
North Dakota
N ebraska
South Dakota
Utah
W yoming


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102