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iDrary

Area Wage SW&ey
d c mn c l
ou e t ol

The Little Rock-North Little Rock, Arkansas,
Metropolitan Area
July 1968

Bulletin No. 16 2 5 -11




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

\

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Arkansas,
Metropolitan Area




July 1968

Bulletin No. 1625-11
December 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner
For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents




C ontents

P re fa ce

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v i s io n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a by s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) the s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a rt s u m m a r y bulletin is i s su e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d into o n e b u l l e t i n .
The second p a rt p re se n ts in fo r­
m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n it e d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s --------------------------------------T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

B.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , in J u l y 1968.
N
The
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d by the
B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f
P u l a s k i and S a lin e C o u n ties.
T h i s s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d
b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r
the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B o y d B . O ' N e a l , A s s i s t a n t R e ­
gional D ir e c to r fo r O p e r a tio n s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f sta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______ ,________________
O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
m
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _______________
m
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v i s io n s :*
B - l . M in im um en tran ce s a l a r i e s for wom en office
w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ______________________
B - 7 . M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n an d f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t _______________________________________________________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le for oth er
(See in sid e back c o v e r.)

U n ion s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e L i t t l e R o c k a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n : p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; an d
m o to rtru c k d r i v e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llie d o ccu p atio n s.

iii

4
6
7
9
10
11
12

13
14
15
16
17
19
20
21




Area Wage Survey
The Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h ic h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fr o m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a ti.o n s s t u d i e d t o w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i .e . , th o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u l a r w ee k ly sch ed u le
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E arn in g s data exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s an d i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h our) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t com p o site, areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g an d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d or d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w ith in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r, all e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e of the
f o l l o w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (Z) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t . O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
Th e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w in g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
of the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (Z) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of the s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r
actually survey ed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e to p l a n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s an d r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( t a b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d the p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran ce r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b oth in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t th e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la t e - sh ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe ren tial w a s re c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch eduled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s; and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m en t (ta b le s B - 4 th rou gh B -7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v en tu a lly q u alify fo r the p r a c t i c e s liste d .
S u m s of individu al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The f ir s t

p a r t of the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h o le an d h a l f
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . Th e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le a n d h a l f
h o l i d a y s t o sh o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y of v a c a t i o n p l a n s (ta.ble B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e of v a ca tio n p r o v is io n s .
It i s not i n te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
th o s e w hich offer "e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h the e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t. Such p la n s in clu de t h o s e u n d e rw r itte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
for this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly re q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p en satio n , so c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t t y p e of
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
t o the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
How­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a n d N ew J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l it y in s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s ,3 p la n s
arte i n c l u d e d o n ly if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of the
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
an d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions .covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a j o r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h a r e d e s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y in v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s * f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f it o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r t h e y m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e p l a n s
t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r of th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
centive s y s t e m s . U nder a sin g le r a te s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a te is p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a i d a b o v e o r b e l o w t h e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the low i n c i d e n c e of s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h unit of ou tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n of a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e r ce n ta g e.
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in L i t t l e R o c k — o rth L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s tr y D i v i s i o n s , 2 J u l y 1968
N
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

I n d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

A ll d i v i s i o n s _________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____ ______________
______
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5___________ __________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________ ___
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______
S e r v i c e s 8----------------------------------------------------

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f st u d y 3

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

O ff ic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

.

224

92

4 4 ,3 0 0

100

29,800

5 ,8 0 0

2 9 ,6 9 0

50

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3 , 110
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1 ,2 3 0

1 T h e L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f P u l a s k i a n d S a lin e C o u n t ie s . T h e
N
" w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The e stim a te s
a r e no t
in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r
le v e ls sin c e
( 1 ) p lan n in g; nf w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e
o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
th e s c o p e o f
th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
8
T h i s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , |(2 ) th e s a m p le w a s
n o t d e s ig n e d i n it i a l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d "n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r th is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s : l a u n d r ie s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s : b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g : m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O n e - h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e
N
R o c k a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s
I n s t r u m e n t s an d r e la t e d

p ro d u cts____________________ 18

C h e m ic a ls an d a llie d
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 14
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____12
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s _________________________11
A p p a r e l a n d o th e r t e x t il e
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 7
7
L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c t s ____
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s __________ 6
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g _________ 6

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
W a t c h e s , c l o c k s , an d
w a t c h c a s e s ______________________ 18
I n d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a l s ____________ 11
W o m e n 's a n d m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r ______________________ 6
H o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e ____________ 5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d (d a t e of the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Th ese estim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata

M e th o d o f C o m p u t i n g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have declin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se con stan t w eights re fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . Th e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The r e su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e xt s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n ti n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w in g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Secretaries
operators, class B
Electricians
Stenographers, general
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Machinists
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerics, file, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A and B
A, B, and C
Painters
Pipefitters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Tool and die makers
class B
Clerics, payroll
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
of c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
Th e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e of the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
in L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 a n d J u l y 1967, a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
N
Indexes
(A u gu st 1960=100)

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

J u l y 1968

J u l y 1967

J u l y 1967
to
J u l y 1968

A u g u s t 1966
to
J u l y 1967

A u g u s t 1965
to
A u g u s t 1966

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w om en) .
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n ) _ _ __ _
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ____ _
___

135. 9
n
143.0
137. 2

128. 2
(M
130. 4
128. 8

6. 1
(M
9 .6
6 .6

4 .9
(')
4. 7
7. 2

3. 5
(M
5. 8
1 .4

3. 2
(*)
4. 9
6. 3

M an ufactu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e n ) _ ______
__

137. 7
n
140. 9
136. 1

129. 3
(M
127. 5
126. 6

6. 5
(l)
10.5
7.4

4. 7
n
4. 5
6. 1

2. 9
(*)
7 .0
5 .5

2. 7
C)
2. 5
2. 0

A u g u s t 1963
to
A u g u s t 1964

A u g u s t 196 2
to
A u g u s t 1963

A u g u s t 1961
to
A u g u s t 1962

3. 7
(M
2.4

2. 7
(')
1 .8

4 .9
(l)
3.4
3. 1

2. 4
(M
4. 1
3. 0

3. 7
(M
2. 1
3 .6

4. 5
(M
2. 6
2. 4

5. 0
(M
3. 3
3. 1

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l group

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ) _
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m en and wom en)
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e n )
M an u factu rin g:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and women) _
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )
............
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e n )
.............
1 D a t a do not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




1.8

3 .0
2. 6
(*)
2. 8
1 .4

A u g u s t 1964
to
A u g u s t 1965

A u gust I960
to
A u g u s t 1961

7

A. Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
N
Weekly ea'ming^^™
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

t

*

$

Average
weekly
hour*1
[standard)

r*

S

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

1 ------- *
90

95

55

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

50

*

$

1 --------1-------- i
100
105
110

*
115

i -------- * -------- i --------1------- *
120
1 25
130
135
160

$

~

r

165

1 50

145

150

lover

an d
under
105

110

115

120

125

130

135

160

MEN
$
$
1 1 3 . 0 0 1 1 7 . ->0

$
9 9 . 00

LLL ft" j f

AC UJUrt 1 1 rtu v LL Aj o

A

1

5

2

-

-

3

2

3

-

1

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

B -------------

18

6 0.0

8 5.00

87.5 0

6 9 .0 0 -

97.0 0

-

-

-

6

i

-

1

3

2

3

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , ORDER ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

66
52

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
95.00

96.0 0
95.5 0

9 0 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

_

5
5

-

_

-

8

9

-

-

7

1
“

-

-

1
“

-

5

5
5

-

-

12
9

7

-

16
16

-

-

2
2

~

“

OF F IC E BOVS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

26
23

3 9.0
3 8.5

6 7 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

6 6 .0 0
63.5 0

6 2 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 -

67.0 0
65.0 0

-

18
18

5
4

-

_

~

-

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

35

3 9.0
3 9.0

70.00
69.5 0

68.5 0
6 8 .0 0

6 3 .5 0 6 3 .0 0 -

80.50
80.5 0

2
2

11
11

9
9

1
1

5
3

9
9

HOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S A -------------------------------------------------

26

6 0.0

85.50

85 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 -

97.0 0

-

4

1

6

i

5

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

66
20
44

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

73 .5 0
82.00
69 .5 0

71.5 0
82 .5 0
69.5 0

6 5 .5 0 78 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

81 .0 0
89.00
73.0 0

-

15

12
4
8

17

2
2

ii
9
2

3
1
2

-

3
3

1
1

15

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL ASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

68
54

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

95.50
95 .0 0

96 .5 0
94 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 10 6 .0 0

_

_

_

11
11

12
6

11
8

4
3

6
5

9
8

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_

-

2
1

_

-

315
69
266

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

79 .5 0
83.00
78.50

7 8 .5 0
81 .5 0
77.5 0

6 9 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 -

86.00
93.0 0
86.50

8
8

23
4
19

51
4
67

63
13
30

46
9
37

62
15
67

16
3
13

8
8
*

67
2
65

7
7

-

4
4

-

-

-

1

CL AS S

4 1 .0

5

1
-

3

1

WOMFN

C L E R K S,

ACCOUNTING, CL AS S B ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

-

-

-

17

_

-

A ------------------------

IS

3 8.5

76.5 0

73.0 0

6 2 .5 0 -

83.50

4

2

-

7

-

3

-

1

1

C L E R K S, F I L E , CL AS S B -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

88
65

3 9.0
3 8.5

68.0 0
67.0 0

67.0 0
66.0 0

6 0 .5 0 5 9 .0 0 -

72 .0 0
70.50

20
20

16
10

26
19

15
4

5
5

7
6

-

_

“

-

56
56

3 8.5
38.5

65 .5 0
65.0 0

6 5 .0 0
66.5 0

6 2 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 -

69.0 0
68.5 0

-

-

30
30

16
16

9
7

63
62
21

6 0 .0
6 0.0
3 9.5

85.00
87.50
81 .0 0

86 .5 0
91 .0 0
79.0 0

7 6 .5 0 78 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 -

9 6 .5 0
97 .0 0
92.0 0

_

-

-

5
1
6

16

7

5

8

5

6

2

2
1
1

16
10

“

7
5
2

4

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------

36

4 0 .0

76.5 0

77.0 0

7 0 .0 0 -

82 .5 0

-

-

6

5

6

10

7

-

-

44
15
29

38.5
4 0 .0
37.5

83.00
91.50
78.50

8 1 .0 0
91.0 0
76.5 0

7 3 .0 0 8 3 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 -

92.0 0
95.0 0
86 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

13

5

8

3

5

_

-

-

-

1

5

i

5
5

1

-

-

-

13

4

3

2

"

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

136
33
103j

3 9.0
6 0 .0
3 8.5

73 .0 0
7 6.00
7 2 .5 0

71.0 0
75.5 0

6 7 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 6 6 .5 0 -

76 .0 0
8 0.00
76.0 0

~

16
4
12

66

39

1
1

3
3

10

2

9

19
10

2

3
61

2

9

1
1

-

30

10

-

-

6

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

~

-

1
1

C L E R K S, PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

-

-

“

1
1

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL AS S C -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

-

-

”

CLERKS,

FILE,

CL AS S

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of tab le ,




70.00

-

-

”

-

~

3

5

5

1

5

-

2

4

i
i

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women---Continued
(A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , L itt le R ock— o rth L itt le R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1968)
N
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
%

f standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

%

50

weekly

55

t

$
60

65

~*

70

$
75

i
80

i
85

t
90

$
95

t
100

t
105

t
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

I
130

S
135

1
1 60

5
165

and
u n der
55

W
OMF.N -

150

and
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

12 5

~
~

5
~
5
~

29
5
26
2

26

-

36
4
30
5

55
17
3d
~

29
3
26
5

39
17
22
2

38
12
26
~

53
27
26
11

31
12
19
8

22
5
17
13

9
5
4
i

19
5
16
8

12
6
8
3

5
6
1
1

_

_

_

2
1

_

3
2

3
3

4
4

3
1

_

_

-

6
5

2

“

2
2

ii
ii

16
10

15
15

9
8

10
8

2
1

2
1

4
3

1
-

9
4
5

7
4
3

9
5
4

4

12
1
11
8

2
2

3
2
1
1

2

3

3

1

-

-

3
2

1
1

3

-

10
2
8
3

3
3

1
1

3
2
1
1

5
2
3
3

2

1
1

2
1
i
1

13 0

135

160

16 5

150

over

CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S 3-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

625
131
296
70

3 9.0
6 0 .0
38.5
6 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
1 01.50
93.00
11 0 .5 0

9 6 .5 0
101.00
90.5 0
111 .0 0

$
$
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

29
19

3 9.0
3 9 .0

116.00
1 09.50

1 1 0.00
105.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

_

-

~

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

95
71

3 8.5
38.0

97 .0 0
97 .5 0

95.0 0
96.5 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

-

_

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

86
26
60
22

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

1 06.00
1 10.50
1 06.50
119 .5 0

105 .5 0
106 .5 0
107 .5 0
122 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL ASS 0 ---------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

217
73
166
61

3 9.0
6 0 .0
3 8.5
6 0 .0

89.00
97 .5 0
86 .5 0
1 02.50

8 5 .0 0
100 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
106 .5 0

7 5 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

_

-

-

~

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

196
51
165
26

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

77.5 0
86 .5 0
75 .0 0
86 .0 0

7 5 .0 0
85 .5 0
73.5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 -

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

51
15
36
27

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
6 0 .0

1 02.50
1 1 2.50
98 .5 0
102.50

98.0 0
1 1 6.50
95.0 0
9 7 .0 0

8 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
78.0 0
9 7 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

2
22

_
“

-

1
1

3
3

-

17
7

-

_

2

2

3

7

3

-

-

2
2

2

3

7

3

26
5
21
-

19
2
17

31
4
27
5

29
6
23
*

15
3
12
5

11
6
5
2

13
8
5
“

31
21
10
10

7
1
6

32
2
30
2

62

20
7
13
1

11
10
1

10
9
i
“

n

16
5

-

-

6
3

2
1

5

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

10
4
4
-

5
5
6

-

2
2

10
10
9

10
5
5

-

5

-

5
-

“

*

6

36
9
27
5

_

_

_

_

1

2

7

2

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

7
4

2
2

8
2
6
2

5
5

i
“

1
*

3
1

-

9
i

3
3

5
i
6

1
1
-

4
4

_

3
2
1

i
3

16
7
7
7

8
3
5
5

-

-

2
2

-

1

1

3
6

3
1
1

1
1

-

~

-

“

6

56

“
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

42
37

3 9.5
3 9.5

7 5 .0 0
76.00

7 2 .0 0
71.0 0

6 3 .5 0 6 3 .0 0 -

81.00
77.5 0

5
5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR— E C E P T I O N I S T S —
R
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

96
27
69

3 9 .0
6 0.0
3 9 .0

73.5 0
77.50
7 2 .5 0

71.5 0
7 5 .00
70.0 0

6 6 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 -

80.5 0
85.00
77 .0 0

_

10

”

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

63
62

3 8.5
3 8.5

76 .0 0
73.5 0

73 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 -

82 .0 0
82 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS A ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

56
23

6 0 .0
3 9.5

86.50
8 9 .5 0

80 .0 0
82.5 0

7 2 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 -

88.00
99.0 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

189
53
136

3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 8.0

7 0 .5 0
72.50
69.5 0

69.0 0
7 0 .5 0
68.5 0

6 6 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 6 6 .5 0 -

76.5 0
7 9 .0 0
76 .5 0

~

8
8

5
4

9
9

ii
5
6

21
2
19

21

10

7
16

8

ii
6
5

-

1
1

i
i

9
9

15
15

i
-

7
3

16

4
2

13
6

3
1

-

6

55
17
38

52
8

38
16
26

20
2
18

16
5
11

4
6
-

-

-

3
3

-

-

~
-

8
2
6
6

_

1
1

_

-

1

-

16
16

i
i

-

1
1
-

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

66

~

-

*

-

2
2

3
3

i

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

“

1

2

_

_

-

-

-

i

-

2

i
-

_

6

-

6

2

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e rtim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u rs.
2 Th e m e a n i s co m p u ted fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a rn in g s of a ll w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b er of w o r k e r s . The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf of th e e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th a n the r a t e show n. The m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of pay ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o re th an
the h ig h e r r a te .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n icatio n , and o th er pu b lic u t ilit ie s .




9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , L itt le R o ck — o rth L itt le R o ck, A rk . , J u l y 1968)
N
W eekly earn in gs*
(standard )

O ccu p atio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
oi

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
( standard)

NTumber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly e a r n in g s of--70

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

s

$

$

$

*

i

s

s

s

$

D
c

t

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

80

85

90

95

109

105

110

115

120

12?

l?9

13?

140

1 *5

159

155

160

over

5

3

and

23

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

$

and
under
T5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS

$

s

$

40.0 L o . 5 0 f 34.50 I 30. o o - f 58 .oo

“

26

40.0 116.50 118.00 10 4.00-133.00

1

28

40.0 100.00 103.00

93 .0 0- 10 9. 50

8

1
S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rkw eek f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
c o rre sp o n d , to th e se w ee k ly h o u rs .
T o t d e fin itio n o f t e r m s ,
s e e foo tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




and the e a r n in g s

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eek ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L it t le R o ck — o rth L it t le R o c k , A rk , , J u ly 1968)
N
Average

A ve rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

of
w orkers

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS -

W eekly

W eekly

hours 1
(standard]

earnings 1
(standard)

4 0 .0

$
76 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

44
15
29

3 8.5
4 0 .0
37.5

83.0 0
91 .5 0
78.5 0

136
33
103

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

73 .0 0
76 .0 0
72.50

O F F IC E BOYS AND G I R L S -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

38
34

3 9.0
3 8.5

66.0 0
6 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 2 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

429
131
298
74

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5
4 0 .0

96 .5 0
1 01.50
94.0 0
113.00

79 .5 0
84 .5 0
78.0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

29
19

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

114.00
1 0 9.50

3 6.5
3 8.5

7 7.50
77 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

95
71

3 8.5
3 8.0

97.0 0
97 .5 0

89
66

3 9 .0
3 8.5

68.5 0
6 8 .0 0

56
54

3 8.5
3 8.5

65.5 0
65.0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

85
24
61
23

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

107.00
110.50
105 .5 0
122 .0 0

220

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38 .5
4 0 .0

89 .5 0
97 .5 0
86 .0 0
106 .0 0

39
35

3 9 .0
39 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

28
15

3 9.5
3 9.5

83 .5 0
74 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

66
22
44

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

74.0 0
83.00
69.5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

86
22
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

99.0 0
104.00
97.0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

333
76
257

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

20
16

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

89
22
67
67
44
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39 .5

92.5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
88.00
82 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS R
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3"
STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

Average
O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

O FF IC E

CONTINUED
34

$
71.50
69.5 0

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

Number
of

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE! -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

C L E R K S , O R D E R ---------------------------------------MANUFAC TURI NG ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

73
147
44
196
51
145
24

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0
84 .5 0
75.0 0
84 .0 0

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IO R ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

51
15
36
27

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

102 .5 0
112.50
9 8 .5 0
1 0 2.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

42
37

3 9.5
3 9.5

75.00
74.0 0

operator- r e c e p t io n is t s MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

96
27
69

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
72.5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS C --------------------------------------------------

19

3 9 .0

87.0 0

TRANS CRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

43
42

3 8.5
3 8.5

74.0 0
7 3 .50

T Y P I S T S , CL AS S A ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

56
23

4 0 .0
3 9.5

8 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS 8 ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

189
53
136

3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
69.5 0

sw itch board

PROFE SSIO NAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN,

CL AS S A -------------------------------

24

4 0 .0

1 4 1.00

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

27
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

11 6 .0 0
120 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

42
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

98.0 0
100 .5 0

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w eek ly h o u r s .
2 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , L itt le R ock— o rth L itt le R o ck , A r k ., J u l y 1968)
N
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r of. w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0

Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

, , lr. r n r

91

3 .7 9

4 .2 1
3 .2 7

1 .8 0

3 .2 4 - 4 .2 6

3 VII
3 .4 2
__

27

2 . 50 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0

2-9Q 3 . 0 0

2

“

”

3
3

-

o oo

*

•

nl

J

3. 1

3 .6 3
J.O O

3 .5 6

3 .5 2 - 4 .2 1
J .*

-

-

246
53
193
185

3 .5 4

3 .9 3
2 .7 1

2 .7 7 - 3 .9 7
2 .3 0 - 4 .0 3
3 .9 0 - 3 .9 7

-

2

3 .7 0
3 .7 1
3 *4 5

3 *7 3

J

J

t
S
$
3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
$
3 .4 0 3 .6 0

*
t
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

t
4 .2 0

3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 ,9 0 4 .0 0 4 . ? 0

4 .4 Q .

15

1

4

6

-

5

~

3

-

4

6

52

10
10

2

-

-

-

4

-

_

3

2

-

-

-

10
10

-

3

9

2

ZL

*

2

1
1

j

-

-

i

8
0

2

-

-

_

75

_

30

8

3

1

-

—

-

1

7

4

21
21

1
1

16
** *9 5

4 *0 4

32

’ *9 1

3 * 16

^ *6 3

3 *5 7

3 *5 6

3 * 3C

16

3 *0 4

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s,
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

h o lid a y s ,

2

38
37

149

18
18

_

j

40

34

123

**

*

and la te sh i f t s . \

_

149
149

2

3 *^ 3

73

5

3

"M l I, I LnANUL




5

3

9

39^

133

4

4

1
1

“

303

■ U uL lL U11L 1 1 11 j

1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0

*
2 .9 0

1

1

nLl/MAlii L

$
2 .8 0

2 .5 5
O K7
O AC
*

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AINTENANCE)-----------------------------------

S
$
*
I
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

, 711- 4 . 0 2
2 .6 6 -

r r » r ,n i.» n u

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------

*
2 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 59- 1 .1 9

27

L L L U I K ll'lA iijf Htt 1 li 1L P NL L
IM .
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 14

*
*
$
2 . 40 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0

%

and
u n d er
1 .7 0

$
3 .0 8

t
2 .3 0

N
>
03
O

O ccu p atio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

J

8

22
21

8

25
25

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , L itt le R o ck— o rth L itt le R o ck , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
N
N u m b e r of w o rk e r

H ourly earnings 2

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

*
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$

$
2 .0 0

$

t

i

t

t

$

2 .5 0

i

2 .3 0

*
2 . 40

$

2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$

1 .9 0

2 .60

2 .7 0

2 .80

2 .90

3 .00

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

t
3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

1 .50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .90

3 .0 0

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

_

_

_

1
1

14
14

_

_

_

-

-

-

t

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

GUARDS AND HATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------HATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING

workers

M e an 3

$

106
80
26

2 .0 4
2 .0 9
1 .9 0

32

2.58

M e d ia n 3

$

M iddle ran ge 3

U n d e r 1* 40
Si
an d
1 .4 0 under

_

1 .6 7 1 .6 6 1 .7 0 -

2 .1 9
2 .2 6
1.91

-

2 .8 8

2 .1 5 -

3 .1 5

~

”

41
34
7

9
5
4

12
3
9

8
6
2

-

~

1 .83
1 .85
1 .83

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

t

1 .69

1 .6 4 -

1 .91

1 .69
1 .77
1 .66
1 .76

1 .6 4 1 .6 8 1 .6 2 1 .6 8 -

1 .86
2 .0 9
1 .73
2 .1 5

7
7

J A N I T O R S , P O RTE RS, AND CLEANERS
1 WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

112
15
97

1 .63
1 .71
1.61

1 .64
1 .70
1 .6 4

1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .5 8 -

1 .6 9
1 .77
1 .68

LA BO RE RS , MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

889
530
359

1.88
1 .88
1 .88

1.81
1.82
1 .79

1 .6 8 1 .6 9 1 .6 7 -

2 .0 8
2 .0 3
2 .1 3

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PA C KE RS , S H I P P IN G -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

166
47

2.18
2 .0 5

2 .0 3
2 .0 9

1 .6 9 2 .0 1 -

57
29
28

1 .87
2 .0 3
1 .70

1.8 2
2 .0 2
1.7 2

1 .7 1 1 .8 9 1 .6 6 -

2 .0 3
2 .2 4
1 .7 9

R E CE IV IN G CLER KS ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

63
53

2 .4 5
2 .4 3

2 .2 7
2 .2 6

2 .0 9 2 .0 5 -

3 .2 2
3 .2 2

SH I P P IN G

CLERKS ------------------------------------

15

2 .6 5

2 .5 9

2 .5 2 -

2 .7 9

S H I P P IN G AND RE CE IV IN G C LER KS -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

46
19

2 .31
2 .4 7

2 .31
2 .52

2 .1 5 2 .1 8 -

2 .5 0
2 .6 5

TR UCKDRIVERS5 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

682
232
450

2 .8 4
2 .1 6
3 .1 9

3 .1 4
1 .95
3.72

1 .8 6 1 .7 0 2 .1 7 -

3 .7 4
2 .7 2
3 .7 6

-

5

3

6

-

15
8
7

17
15
2
*

18
15
3
~

30
19
11
11

1
1

65
8
57

13
6
7

_

3
3

290
156
134

136
90
46

131
91
40

49
39
10

74
64
10

139
43
96

27
21
6

1

44
6

16

15

4
4

15
15

19
9

12
12

1
1

-

13
l
12

14
3
ii

9
4
5

6
6

5
5

_
-

5
5

_

-

5
5

7
7

8
4

10
10

-

-

-

-

2

i

-

_

1

-

1
1

1
1

19
4

89
58
31

71
43
28

23
8
15

36

18
3
15

_

“

_

TRUC KDR IV ER S, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

118
34
84

1 .98
2 .3 4
1 .8 4

1.8 0
2 .2 5
1 .76

1 .6 9 1 .7 8 1 .6 7 -

2 .0 7
3 .1 2
1 .8 9

~

TRUCKDRI V E R S , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

328
115
213

2 .9 3
1.97
3 .4 5

3 .7 0
1 .78
3 .7 4

1 .9 6 1 .7 0 3 .7 1 -

3 .7 5
1 .9 9
3 .7 7

“

TRUCKDRI VE R S, ! HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRA ILE R TYPE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

195
152

3 .21
3 .5 7

3 .71
3 .7 3

2 .3 9 3 .4 8 -

3 .7 6
3 .7 7

_

_

“

-

TR UCK ERS , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

170
118
52
20

2 .4 3
2 .15
3 .05
3 .57

2 .2 4
2 .11
3 .15
3 .7 4

1 .7 8 1 .7 5 2 .8 3 3 .7 1 -

3 .1 3
2 .3 2
3 .7 2
3 .7 7

~

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

4
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

-

-

“

-

~

“

~

~

-

-

20
20
“

8

8

~

-

8

8

-

-

17
2
15

26
26
“

36

-

“

~

-

-

5

2

2

-

_

i
i

6

_

_

-

12
2

5
5
“

22
21
1

5
5
“

5
5

1
1

3
3

5
4
i

2
2

36

_

“

10
8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

13

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and typ e o f tru c k o p e r a te d .

-

-

36

-

-

-

5
5

u

-

-

“

ii

16
16

_

-

“

2

-

_

-

24
24

2

1
1

_

-

-

—

5'

2
2

2
~

-

2

-

1
1

-

-

24
24

-

“

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

1

"

-

35
35
“

-

~
"

2

-

2
-

2
2

-

-

-

“

4

-

7
5

36
35
1

30
26

0

-

29
29

-

-

-

2
2

18
18

-

-

15
~
15

25

“

-

-

25
6
19

-

“

6
6
“

1

35
4
31

”

-

_

10
10

-

-

-

~

2
1
1

20
—
20

-

-

-

6

82
47
35
17

-

_

-

6
6
-

28

-

“

14

-

195
62
133
16

_

”

1

1

-

-

-

3

20
20

-

-

2

5

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

9
9

-

-

“

-

2 .3 3
2.22

-

7
7

-

1
1
~

-

-

1 .7 9
1 .92
1 .69
1.91

2
2

3
3
~

-

1 .76

426
192
234
50

-

4
4

_

_

11
11
“

_

48

J A N I T O R S , P O RTE RS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U 8 L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------




*

1

'
10
10

2
2
3
~
3
_

-

-

3

-

-

37
5
32

-

286

-

286

4

-

-

~

-

4

2

_

2

“

-

-

_

_

1

-

-

~

1

~

_

14
14

”

“

16
~

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

3
3

27
27

12
12

_

_

_

4

-

_

39

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

19
20

-

-

172
17 2

-

1 14
114

_

5

23
23

_

2
-

-

-

4
4

_

~

16
-

-

16
16

13
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , L i t t l e R o c k —N o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 Vz

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ____________________________________

92

39

XXX

53

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m _________________

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 V2

92

XXX

39

XXX

53

XXX

40

XXX

39

19

19

20

6

13

53

27

26

26

6

19

u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
o v e r _____________________________________________

5
22
5
3

_
11
4
1
1

5
11
1
2
1

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

5
1
-

_
14
1
3
1
-

-

1
1
2

_
13
4
3
2
1
1
2

6
14
1
3
2

-

6
28
5
6
4
1
1
2

_
14
4
3

-

4
1
1
-

_
11

2

_
11
4
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ._______________

4

-

XXX

4

X XX

XXX

10

3

XXX

7

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ________________________________________________

49

20

XXX

29

XXX

29

9

X XX

20

XXX

XXX

$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50

an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d

-

2
-

-

XXX

2

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




-

-




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
N
( A l^ jD la n t _ w o r k £ r ^ ^ n jr ia n u f a c t u r in £ i£_liOO> 5 e r c e n t 2 _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
j
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

L a t e - sh ift p ay p r o v isio n

A c t u a ll y w o rk in g on l a t e s h i f t s

S eco n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h if t

S eco n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

_________________

82. 3

66. 5

16. 7

5. 5

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t _____

8. 1

1. 3

1. 1

0. 2

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t _________

74. 1

65. 1

15. 6

5. 3

U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _________________

47. 0

38. 0

10. 5

4. 4

4 c e n t s __________________________________
5 c e n t s _______ __________________________
6 c e n t s __________________________________
7 c e n t s __________________________________
8 c e n t s . . ______
________ __________
9 c e n t s — — ______ __________ _____
10 c e n t s _________________________________
12 c e n t s __ ___
___ __________ __
14 c e n t s _________________________________
16 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------

. 1
9. 6
1. 0
6. 4
12. 2
1. 2
14. 9
1. 6
-

_
1. 9
. 1
1. 0
.4
1. 2
13. 8
13. 3
3. 5
2. 7

2. 3
. 1
2. 0
2. 1
. 1
2. 9
1. 0
*

27. 1

27. 1

T o t a l _______________________

T y p e an d am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e _____

__ __

__ ___

5 p p rrcn t
7 p e r c e n t _____
____ ______ ________
10 p e r c e n t _____ — ________ __________
15 p e r c e n t _____
_„
_____________

19. 0
-

8. 2

_
.2
-

(2 )
.4
2. 4
1 .0
. 3

5. 1

.8

_

3. 3

_

19. 0
6. 4
1 .8

1 .8

-

. 1
.6
. 1

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L it t le R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
N
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

1
2
3
4
5

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
3
81
2
1
1
2
1
7

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

2
3
86
3

88

3
23
70

96

100

1
5

6
6

M a n u fa c tu r in g

i
(5)
i
2

3

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o rk , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , L i t t l e R o c k —N o rth L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ___________ ____________

______ _

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s _____________ _______________ ___ ___
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________ _

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

94

99

100

99

4

-

6

1

-

1

2
26
1
13
1
20
28
5
-

1
22
11
23
35
8
-

_
6
2
39
46
-

(4)
33
2
18
1
20
1
18
2

1
18
10
33
34

1
11
_
53
33

-

-

5
33
33
53
54
68
94
95
95
96

8
43
43
66
66
77
99
99
100
100

46
46
85
85
88
94
94
94
94

N um ber of d ay s
L e s s th a n 5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________
5 h o l i d a y s _____________________ ____ ________
5 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________ _____
6 h o l i d a y s ___________________—_____________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______
____
__ ____________________
7 h o l i d a y s __________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________ _____
8 h o l i d a y s ______________ _________
_____________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s __ __ ____________ _
9 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________ —
11 h o lid a y s _________________
— _______________

1

4

-

1

'

-

1
4
22
24
44
45
66
98
98
98
99

4
38
38
71
71
81
99
100
100
100

-

T o t a l h o lid a y ti m e 5
11 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _______________ ____ _____
__
7 l/z d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ________ _____
______ _____ __
6V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____ _____________ _________ —
6 d a y s o r m o r e -------- ------------------- ----------- ---___
5 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________ __
—
4 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________ — — ________
3 d a y s o r m o r e _______________ — ____________ —
1 d a y o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith
a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n.
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




33
33
86
86
98
99
99
99
99

9 fu ll d a y s

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations*
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L i t t l e R o ck —N o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 19 6 8 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2
A ll w o r k e r s ----

—

__ -----

-

-----------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
95
3
-

97
92
5
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

2

3

-

1

19
10
2

29
4
-

_
23
*

4
62
3

10
35
-

1
83
2
11

2
89
2
5

_
78
6
16

_
28
(5)
70

27
73

66
1
32

53
11
34
1

68
15
13
1

24
6
70
-

9
1
88
(5)

19
79
1

8
1
91
-

15
22
60
1

21
33
42
1

6
94
-

3
2
92
3

7
3
79
10

1
99
-

13
19
66
1

18
28
51
1

6
94
-

2
2
93
3

4

3
83
10

_
1
99
-

1
1
94
1
2

2
91
2
3

100
-

1
92
1

-

5

1
45
4
48
(5)

1
39
6
51
(5 )

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s . ___________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ----- ---- --------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t__________ — — ______ O t h e r ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ------------- --------- ------------ _
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y

(5 )

-

6

A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w * * k
___________
1 w e e k ____ - __ __ _____ ___________ __ ____ __
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________

58
-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k - __
_____ _________
- __ - __
1 w eek
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________ _______________ —

_

.

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___ __________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------- ------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w ee k _______ _____ __________ _____ ______ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------- —
2 w e e k s __________________________________________ ______
3 w e e k s __________________________________
A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------- ---2 w e e k s __________________________ ________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________ ______________
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __ ________________________________________ O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________ ______________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________ _
3 w e e k s ______________________ ____ ______________

75
5
19

100
-

38

13
1
86
“

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________ —
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------- ,
3 w e e k s __________________ ______________ _ ---- 4 w e e k s ________________________
________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




21
6
73

57
( 5)
40
2

-

53
9

18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1—Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L i t t l e R o c k —N o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
_

i
40
4
53
(5 )

i
38
6
53
(5 )

6
94
*

54
(5)
43
2

36
_
56
9

1
37
56
1
5

1
33
58
2
4

_
82
18

43
51
5

29
55
15

92
8

1
34
24
4
35
(5 )

1
31
29
6
31
(5 )

17
6
77
-

32
32
(5)
33
2

25
34
33
9

_

1
34
13
2
49
<5 )

1
31
12
2
52
(5)

9
6
85
"

32
24
(5 )
40
3

25
26
37
13

1
34
13
2
49
(5 )

1
31
12
2
52
(5)

9
6
85
-

32
24
( 5)
40
1
2

25
26
37
4
9

12
1
86
-

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to
se r v ic e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , ” s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e .
T h u s , th e
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n t i c a l.

w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g

1 w e e k _______ ______ _______
________ _____
2 w e e k s ______________________ _________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s . _________________________________________ _
4 w e e k s ________________________ _______________ _

1
99

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek2 w e e k s _____________________________________ ___ __
3 w e e k s ___ ________ _________ __ ______________ __. . .
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________________ __
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ..___ _____ _________ ________ _____ _____ ____
2 w e e k s ________________________ __________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________ ______________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______ ______________
4 w e e k s ___________________ ___ __________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________ _________

_

20
1
79
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k - ____________
_ __ __ __________ _
2 w eeks
^ ..
3 w e e k s ___________ _____
_________ .—
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________
_
4 w ee k s -__ -______ ______
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_

.

12
1
86
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e 7
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________ _____ ___________
3 w e e k s _____________________ ____________ ______ __
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________ .
4 w e e k s — ____
____
------ — — - 5 w eeks
.... ,
... . . .

6w
eeks

...................................................

_

_

le n g th s

of




e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
p r o g re ssio n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '

19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , 1 L i t t l e R o c k —N o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ___________

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

96

98

100

99

100

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e _______________ __________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ____ ________________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 __________________________

88

88

100

95

94

10 0

62

49

92

78

66

92

78

80

62

77

88

75

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
S i c k le a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ................................................ ........
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) . ___________________________

66

79

32

52

76

21

15

3

17

42

52

20

5

-

21

10

1

46

H o s p it a li z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________ ____________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ________ _________ ___________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _____ ___________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ______ _______ _____________

92
92
73
42
60

95
95
72
23
60

94
94
87
87
55

94
94
86
81
74

98
98
73
53
71

99
99
96
96
85

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d
re tir e m e n t.
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e j , in a d d it io n o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w
S i c k le a v e p l a n s a r e l i m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h ,at l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s e x c lu d e d .




20

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968)
N
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________

2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

85
64
52

82
74
62

100

100

100

47

11

42
4
38

100

98
65
32

83
23
60

4

1

27

1

1

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s ___________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y _____ _ _________________
S in g le r a t e _________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s __________________ _______
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
_
_______
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ___
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
ftyi W/
p

^

12

7

7

9

G r o u p _________________________________
__ _____________

8

15
7

47

24

5

2

19
58

21

12

53

17

1

18

6
1

4
G r o u p _____________________________________
__________

1

11

P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f

21

1

46

2
2

12
10
2
6

-

3
3

-

97
2
1

11
50
39

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

4
F req u en cy of w age paym ent
W e e k ly ______

_

______

_

_

___

81
13
6

28
31
39
2

46
12
35
6

O th e r f r e q u e n c y __________________________________

1
2
3
4

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




5
81
14

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il lin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s no t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a r d ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s “ o r - p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, ph one, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on ti m e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s t in g c a lc u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

21

22
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

B O Y OR G I R L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s no t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
an d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s no t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss
a.
fe w e r th a n

se g ­

B

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
G EN ERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g ’ s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i tc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i tc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r
in t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i tc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

23
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw it c h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b ut s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IST
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n ifo r m it y an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e no t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W ork i s

c lo se ly

s u p e r v is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; an d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

24
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E ( M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly i n g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s an d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y i n g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , an d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




M A IN T E N A N C E

25
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e tt in g up an d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p an d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o ut of w o rk f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i la b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; an d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f il e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tch m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s an d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , sh e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p tr u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f illin g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d er IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PO W ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u pon th e ty p e , s i z e , an d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , an d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g of it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
of c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift)







A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e e i g h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn eys, c h e m ists, en gin ee rs, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s of office
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 158 5, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1967.
Fifty cents
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e ti n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in clu ding m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s con d u c ted a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t in s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the Su p e r in te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n ti n g O ffice , W ashington, D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e fron t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------Alb any — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 1________
S
T
A l b u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------Allentow n— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
A t la n t a , Ga. , M ay 1968 1-----------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , Oct. 1967--------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ___
P
O
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968---------------------------------B o i s e City , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1-----------------------------------B o s t o n ; M a s s . , S e p t. 1967 1 ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y . , D e c . 1967----------------------------------------B u r lin g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------Can ton , Ohio, Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a. , A p r . 1968 1______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , A u g. 1967 ------------------------G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1-------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, Se pt. 1967-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1967_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 -----------------------------------------D av e n p o r t— o c k Is l a n d — o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1968 1----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c . 1967 1 ____________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iowa, F e b . 1968 1_________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1967__________________________
G r e e n B a y , Wis. , J u l y 1968 1__________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , May 1968 * __________________________
Houston, T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
I n d i a n a p o lis , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1_________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
K a n s a s C ity , Mo. — a n s . , Nov. 1967 1 _________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l, M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _______
H
N
L i tt le R oc k— o r th L i t t le R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1_____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n ta A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1968________________ ._______
L u b b o ck , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 ____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1--------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , J a n . 1968 1--------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1967 1--------------—___________________
M idland and O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1968 1_________________
M ilw auk e e , Wis. , A p r . 1968-------------------------------------

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e

B u lle t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e

Area

157 5 -8 4 , 35 c e n ts
1 575-68, 30 c e n ts
1575-58,. 30 c e n ts
1 530-53,
1 575-71,
157 5 -1 8 ,
1 575-75,
16 2 5 -3 ,
157 5 -5 9 ,
1625-6,
1 575-13,
157 5 -4 1 ,
1 575-48,
1575-65)
1575-63,
15 7 5 - 5 7 '
15 7 5 -7 ,
1575-81,
157 5 -6 2 ,
15 7 5 - 1 4 '
157 5 -2 3 ,
1575-20’
1575-12,
15 7 5 - 5 1 '
1575-38,
157 5 -5 2 ,
1575-45,
1575-22’
1625-7,
1575-66,
157 5 -8 2 ,
157 5 -3 6 ,
1575-491
157 5 -3 3 ,
157 5 -3 0 ,
1575-74’
1625-n'
1575-64,
157 5 - 5 0 '
157 5 -7 7 ,
16 2 5 -4 ,
157 5 -3 2 ,
1 575-28,
1 575-72,
1 575-67,

25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

New Y o rk , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 _________________________
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p ort N e w s—
P

157 5 -8 5 ,
!6 2 5 -9 ,~
1 575-21,
1575-83*
1575-40)
1575-55)
1575-44,
1575-16)
1575-80,

35 c e n t s

30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

25 c e n ts

1575-47,
1 5 75-60'
1575-54,
157 5 -3 4 ,
1575-46’
1 5 7 5 - 7 8 ’,

R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . , ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only) J u l y 1968

S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ___________________________

30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

25 c e n ts
30 c e n t s


Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.


cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

1575-61,
1575-6,
1 575-27,
1 6 2 5 -2 ,'
157 5 -7 0 ,
1575-39)
1 575-35,
1575-69,

30 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O

25 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
20 c e n ts

30
30
25
40
30
30
30
25
40

P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k e t— arw ick, R . I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M

25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

50 c e n t s

Ynrlr, P a , , F**b. lQ6ft 1 .....
_
_
Y ou ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1967 1 _____________ ___
W

1575-10,
1575-19
1575-37
1575-15,
1 575-73
1575-9,
1575-29
1575-17
1575-56
1575-79
1625-5,
1 625-10
1575-43
1 575-24
1625-1,
1575-11
1575-53
1 575-26
1575-31
1575-76
1575-42
1 575-25

30 c e n t s

30
35
30
30

c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts

35 c e n ts

25 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O FFIC IA L




B U S I N ESS

rFlRST_CLASS MAIL^
i__________________________ i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102