View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

3

^

o lo

;

s s '-6 *7

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-67




Jacksonville, Florida,
Metropolitan Area
December 1978

Preface
This bulletin p r o v id e s
results o f a D e c e m b e r
1978 s u r v e y o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in the J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l o r i d a , S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S tatistical A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r
S t a t is t ic s * annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the
B u rea u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a , , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t i o n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d not h av e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f
the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the
s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u ll e t in .
The B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a t i o n is in the p u b l i c d o m a i n and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w it h ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f th e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e credit




the B u r e a u
pu blication.

of

Labor

S tatistics

and

cite

th e

nam e

and

num ber

of

th is

Note:
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o ­
v i s i o n s is a v a ila b le f o r m u n i c i p a l g o v e r n m e n t in the J a c k s o n v i l l e a r e a .
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s o n l y i s a v a i l a b l e f o r the m o v i n g and
s t o r a g e i n d u s t r y ( D e c e m b e r 1978).
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f u nio n
w a g e ra t e s f o r b u il d in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See
back c o v e r for a d d re s se s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Jacksonville, Florida,
Metropolitan Area
December 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C o n ten ts

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner
March 1979
Bulletin 2025- 67

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U.S Government Printing Office,
W ashington,D C 20402, G PO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price $1 00 Make checks payable to Superin­
tendent of Documents.




Introduction

2

T a b le s :
A.

Page

Page

E a rn in gs , all e s ta b lis h m e n ts ;
A - l . W eekly earn in gs o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __ 3
A - 2 . W e e k ly earn in gs o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ______________
5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chn ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________ 6
A - 4. H ourly e a rn in gs o f m a in te n a nce ,
t o o l r o o m , and pow erpla nt
8
w o r k e r s ______________________________
A - 5. H ourly e a rn in gs o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and cu st o d ia l w o r k e r s __ 9
A - 6. A v e r a g e h o u r ly earn in gs o f
m a in ten a nce, t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
cu stodia l w o r k e r s , by s e x _________ 10
A - l . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a ve ra ge
hourly ea rn in gs , adjusted f o r
e m p lo y m e n t shif ts, f o r s e l e c t e d
occu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _________________ 11

A pp end ix A .
A pp e n d ix B.

S cop e and m e tho d o f s u r v e y _________ 13
O ccu pa tiona l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________ 17

Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 75 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (See l i s t o f a r e a s o n i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h i s r e p o r t has n o B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll i n d i v i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b ulletin s are i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t i o n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in dividual m e t r o p o lita n a r e a data, fo r
a ll S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g
A l a s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f (1) th e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n ,
and (2) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n c lu d in g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g d d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s t a b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 th r o u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k i l l e d pla n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g s e p a r a t e l y .
D a ta a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g is t o o s m a l l to
w arrant separate presentation.
T h is t a b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d i x A.
A pp end ixes
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t i o n .

used by B u reau field e c o n o ­

A.

E a r n in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
mber
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—
S

*

*

%

*

%

*

*

S

%

*

*

%

*

%

%

%

4

f

4

*

ALL

100

110

120

130

140

150

1 60

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

360

100

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

113

120

1 30

1 SO

153

160

170

180

190

200

223

240

263

280

300

320

340

360

380 o v e r

20

-

-

20

38
2
36

52
6
46

84
i
83

1 32
13
89
1

107
11
96
6

108
6
102

180
26
158
4

83
15
68
2

59
ii
48
6

32
8
28
10

33
2
31
21

27
2
25
17

5
5
5

9
9
9

19
~
19
_

-

-

1

-

3
3

9
9

19
15

7
7

13
10

4
3

6
6

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

~

3
3

-

“

2
2
2

“

2
2

18
18

-

90
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

380

and

WORKERS
$
38. 5 2 0 5 .5 0
so. o 211.50
38. 5 2 06 .0 0
283.00

o
o
c
ro

$
196.00
210.00
195.50
290.50

$
$
17S.00-22S.00
183.00-227.00
173.00-223.50
270.50-311.00

39.5 233.00
39. 5 2 35 .0 0

230.50
2 30.50

200.00-25S.50
200.00-255.50

-

205
230
33

38.5
38.5
38.0

220.00
221.00
283.00

2 11.00
2 11.00
297.50

185.50-244.00
18S.00-2SS.00
283.50-304.50

-

-

-

-

i
i

1
1

-

21
21

17
17

28
28
5

25
28

57
47
1

27
23

28
28
1

7
7
1

13
13
9

12
12
13

4
4
4

class
c -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------

346
31
315

38. 5 2 0 7 .0 0
so. o 2 10 .0 0
38.5 207.00

196.00
187.00
196.00

173.00-220.00
175.00-225.00
172.50-219.00

-

-

-

4
4

15
15

11

22
22

23

45
6
39

29
1
28

66
2
64

31
7
24

6
1
5

8
8

9
2
7

13
2
ii

3

20

86
10
36

-

11

“

3

, c l a s s 0 -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------

275
48
227

38.5
so.o
3B.5

187.00
211.00
182.00

180.00
2 09.00
178.00

160.00-200.00
183.50-247.00
160.00-195.00

-

3
3

4
4

25
1
2S

30
6
28

38
1
33

39
3
36

28
5
23

SO
4
36

35
13
25

7
4
3

13
7
3

13
7
6

5
5

1
i

-

1
1

-

~

”

“

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

3 02
2 83
159

39.0 226.50
39. 0 2 29 .5 0
39.0 265.50

239.50
239.50
2 81.50

152.50-287.50
152.50-290.50
239.50-297.00

-

-

8
8
“

6
6
”

22
22
6

38
33
2

10
10

16
13
2

4
4
~

13
10
3

10
7
2

4
3
1

38
37
37

17
IS
IS

13
13
11

49
49
47

32
32
26

ii
ii
7

11
11
1

”

“

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GE N E RA L ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

205
199

39. 0 2 3 3 .0 0
39. 0 2 3 5 .0 0

239.50
239.50

154.00-289.00
155.50-289.50

-

-

4
4

2
2

20
20

21
19

6
6

8
6

2
2

7
6

3
3

1

35
35

4
4

11
11

47
47

26
26

T
7

1
1

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

97
84

39.5 213.50
39. 5 2 1 7 .0 0

192.00
192.00

1S9.50-25S.50
149.50-295.00

-

”

4
4

4
4

2
2

17
is

4
4

8
7

2
2

6
4

7
4

3
3

3
2

13
10

2
2

2
2

6
6

4
4

10
10

-

~

~

T RA NSCRIBING- MACHINE t t p i s t s
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

144
1 A0

1 66 .0 0 1 51.00
3 8 . 0 16 S . 50 1 S 9 . 0 0

O
O
C
N
~

136.00-171.50
136.00-169.50

~

-

9
9

7
7

22
22

38
38

21
21

12
12

7
7

10
10

4
i

-

1

1
1

2
2

IS
IS

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

282
279

38. 0 1 4 4 .0 0
38. 0 1 S2 . 00

136.00
136.00

123.00-155.00
122.50-1S9.50

4
4

28
28

19
19

47
47

56
56

52
52

9
6

27
27

20
17

2
1

7
2

1
i

-

-

2
2

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -----------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

39
39

3B. 5 1 5 1 . 5 0
3 R. 5 1 5 1 . 5 0

IS 1.50
1S 1. 50

129.00-169.00
129.00-169.00

-

-

4
4

6
6

7
7

7
7

1
1

13
10

-

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

-

“

-

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

243
231

3 8 . 0 1 S2. 50 1 36.00
3 8 . 0 I S O . 50 1 3 6 . 0 0

121.50-151.00
121.00-1S9.50

4

28
28

15
15

41
SI

49
49

85
45

8
5

17
17

20
17

2
1

5

4

F I L E C L E R K S --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

»1B
S 17

3B. 0 1 3 0 . 0 0
38.0 130.00

1 15.50
115.50

105.00-137.00
105.00-137.00

28
24

1 29
1 29

90
90

45
45

si
si

27
26

10
10

10
10

9
9

2
2

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

109
109

38.0
38.0

143.50
1S3.50

118.50
1 1 S . 50

10S.50-189.50
108.50-189.50

-

44
44

21
21

7
7

5
5

5
5

2
2

1
1

3
3

2
2

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

296
295

38.0
38.0

121.00
121.00

1 15.00
115.00

105.00-133.00
105.00-133.00

28
24

85
85

69
69

38
38

36
36

22
21

5
5

6
6

6
6

-

165
156

38.5 137.00
38. 5 1 3 5 .5 0

122.00
120.00

110.00-155.00
106.00-152.00

8
8

32
32

39
39

16
16

7
7

is
is

1s
7

8
8

6

9
9

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

967
103
864
B1

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A -------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

71
62

s ecr etar ies

, c l a s s b -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

SECRETARIES,

manufacturing

s ecr etar ies

ME S S E N G E RS ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------

7
7
“
-

“

"
-

~

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




“

3

“

4

-

“
-

-

2
~
2
”,

“

“

“

“

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

8
8

-

~

i
i

8
8

1
1

3
3

8
8

6
6

2
2

2
2

“

-

3
3

-

2
2

8
8

5
5

i
i

-

-

-

-

“

5
5

~

2
2

2
2

3
3

-

~
-

5
5

~

-

“

”

”

”

-

-

“
-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978— Continued
Weekly earning^^™
( standard)
O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f —
s

Average
weekly

%

90
Mean2

Middle range 2

Median 2

%

100

*

%

110

120

s

130

(

143

160

170

S

s

*

s

%

150

180

190

S

200

S

220

t

S

%

240

260

280

(

t

300

320

*

340

%

360

and
under

380
and

100

110

1 20

130

1 40

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

-

12
12

5
5

6
6

5
5

5
5

22
21

18
15

3
2

2
2

2

-

22
5
17

40
3
37

39
11
28

25
7
18

29
10
19

9
4
5

13

10
5
5

25
12
13

28

i

-

28

14
14

36
8
28

1
1

7

25
12
13

8

28

14

i

-

-

1
1

7

28

14

36
8
28

~

9

67
i
66

113
16
97

128
6
122

128
15
113

76
16
60

67
26
41

76
47
29

33
6
27

”

7
7

8
8

34
34

22
3
19

32
15
17

44
31
13

10 6
16
90

120
6
114

94
15
79

54
13
41

35
11
24

5
5

4
i

3
3

240

260

280

“

1
1

5
5

-

1

300

320

-

-

340

3 60

380

over

A L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

SWI T C HBOA RD OPE RA T O RS -----------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

88
82

39. 5 157.00
39. 5 156.00

151.00
150.00

129.00-166.50
127.00-166.00

operator- r e c e p t io n is ts MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

199
4R
151

39. 5 1 43 .0 0
40. 0 149.50
39. 0 141.00

138.50
144.00
133.50

124.00-152.50
134.00-161.50
121.00-150.00

OROER C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------ -----------------------

157
38
119

40. 0 155.53
40. 0 169.00
40. 0 151.00

1 5 2 . OD
160.50
14B.0D

132.00-16B.00
121.00-208.00
132.00-167.00

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B -----------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------------------------

141
29
1 12

40. 0 1 4 9 .0 0
40. 0 155.50
40. 0 147.50

148.00 1 2 8 . 0 0 -1 6 6 . 0 0
1 6 0 . OD 1 2 1 . 0 0 - 1 7 9 . 0 0
1 48.00 1 3 2 . 0 0 - 1 6 6 . 0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N ONMA N UF A C T URI N G -----------------------------------------

998
1R3
815

38.5 167.00 156.00
40. 0 182.50 182.00
3 8 . 5 1 6 3 . 5D 1 5 0 . 5 0

138.00-184.00
163.00-206.00
134.00-180.00

-

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N ONMA N U F A C T U RI N G -----------------------------------------

289
79
210

38.5 204.00
40. 0 1 97 . 5 0
38.0 206.50

187.00
184.00
192.00

170.50-248.00
180.00-214.00
161.00-261.50

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O NMA N U F A C T U RI N S -----------------------------------------

709
104
605

38.5 152.00 145.00
4 0 . 0 1 7 1 . OD 1 7 2 . 0 0
38.5 148.50 142.00

$

switchboard

$
“
-

5

-

-

-

5

-

6

7

-

-

-

”

6

7

-

6

7

-

-

-

“

6

7

-

48
48

60

“

-

-

130.00-165.00
150.00-190.00
125.50-159.00

-

60

“

48
48

60

67
1
66

-

-

*

3
3

6
6

-

'

3
3

_

-

-

_

6
6

-

60

“

O P E RA T O RS -----------------------------------------------------

57
38

39.5 169.50
39. 5 1 6 1 .5 0

180.00
175.00

150.00-185.00
130.00-180.00

BOOKKEEPI NG- MACHI NF OPERATORS.
C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

41
28

39. 5 1 74 . 0 0
39. 5 1 69 .0 0

181.00
180.00

175.00-185.00
150.00-190.00

-

PAYROL L C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

130
40
90

39.0 176.50
40. 0 1 89 .5 0
39. 0 170.50

171.00
187.50
169.00

152.50-201.00
161.00-206.50
137.00-194.00

-

2
2

10
10

-

KEY E N T R Y O P E RA T O RS ----------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

R 04
61
743
97

39. 0
40.0
39. 0
38. 0

172.50
183.00
172.00
265.00

161.50
176.00
160.00
289.50

141.00-185.00
161.00-190.00
140.00-184.00
239.50-289.50

■

15
15
”

49
49

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

248
2 24

39. 0 184.00
3 R. 5 1 8 2 . 0 0

173.50
1 7 2 . 50

154.00-192.50
152.00-190.00

-

-

-

-

-

KEY E N T RY O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S 8 ---------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O NMA N U F A C T U RI N S ------------------------------------------

556
37
519

39. 0 1 67 .5 0 1 5 6 .5 0
40. 0 170.00 173.50
3 9 . 0 1 6 7 . 5D 1 5 5 . 0 0

138.50-180.00
161.00-178.50
137.00-180.50

-

15
15

BOOKKEEPI NG- MACHI NE
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S

S ee fo o tn o te s

“

49
49

at end o f ta b le s .




8

4

'

13

i

-

2
2

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

3
3

-

1

~

-

1

4
4

16
9
7

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

i

9
9

_

9

1

-

i

~

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
2
52

13
2
11

2
2

1
1

”

11
1
10

54
2
52

11
2
9

i
i

1

1
1

_
-

2
2

1
i

-

-

-

-

'

'

“

-

-

-

-

60
33
27

60
12
48

12
1
11

15
15

26
13
13

23
12
11

32
16
16

18
6
12

34
20
14

37
37

2
2

20
9

9
7

4
1

1
1

1
i

2
2

19
8

9
7

1
1

_

_

-

_

~

~

“

”

6
6

“

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

~

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

_

-

~

”

-

-

~

2
2
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

17
1
16

1
1

12
8
4

1R
7
12

9
3
6

12
1
11

14
6
8

21
8
13

3
3
“

3
3

3
2
1

4
i
3

-

42
42
”

67
67
3

89
3
86
i

11 8
7
ii i
3

98
13
85
“

94
13
81

30
6
24

50
9
41
17

6
i
5
4

58
58
58

-

~

26
2
24
1

9
-

“

51
7
44
i

~

3
3

24
24

20
20

26
21

37
36

46
45

22
18

16
15

8
6

14
5

6
5

9

17
17

-

-

-

9

-

“

“

39
39

43
43

69
3
66

92
2
90

61
12
49

48
12
36

29

14
5
9

18

36

-

-

41

-

-

26

18

36

3

9
9

41

-

"

“

2
2

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978
Weekly earni n^^^™
( standard)
Number
workers

(standard)

O c c up a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e we ekly e arn in gs o f —
%

S

Average
weekly

120
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

ALL
S Y S T E MS

1 AO

S
150

%

*
160

170

s

%

S
lflO

200

2 20

s
2 A0

s
260

%

S
360

3 23

360

(

%
3 RO

4
420

AOO

*
A A0

460

1 AO

150

1 60

170

180

200

220

2A0

260

280

-

-

-

-

”

“

”

“

1
1

-

“

1A
1A

19
19

300

343

320

383

360

AOO

A20

460 ove r

440

WORKERS
ANALYSTS
231
226

38. 5
38.5

$
$
350 .0 0 3 53.50
3AP.50 352 .5 0

$
$
307.00-383.00
307.00-383.50

C OMP U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S B ------------------------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

93
88

38.5
38.5

366.00
365.00

368.00
368.00

3AA.00~3P1.00
339.00-391.50

u p

38. 5 323.00
38. 5 323.00

3 30.00
3 30.00

278.50-360.50
278.50-360.50

C O MP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! —
N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

3 80
3 72

3 R• 5 2 P 0 . 5 0
38. 5 2 8 9 .5 0

291.53
2 89.50

244.50-333.00
2AA.50-331.50

C O MP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

1 34
133

38.0
38.0

323.00
321.50

2 P2.00-356.00
292.00-356.00

C OMP U T E R PROSRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

205
198

3P. 0 2 7P.50
3 9 . 0 27R. 00

278.50 2 4 0 .0 0 -3 2 3 . 0 0
26P. OO 2 A 0 . 0 0 - 3 2 2 . 5 0

C OMP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
C L A S S C ----------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N S ---------------------------------------

41
41

3 P•0 2 1 6 . 0 0
3P. 0 2 1 6 . 0 0

1PP.50
1PP.50

18P.00~22A.00
18P.00~22A.00

_

C OMP U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

A03
36
367

39. 0 212.00
AO. 0 2 2 7 . 5 0
3P. 0 2 1 0 .5 0

2 06.00
2 18.00
1P8.00

177.00-248.50
20P.50~2A8.50
177.00~2A6.50

3
3

17

15
15

C OMP U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

49
44

3 P .5 2 5R. 50
3P. 0 2 6 0 .5 0

2A5. 00
2 51.00

214.00-298.00
21A.00~2PP.50

-

-

-

C O MP U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

251
2P
222

3P.0 203.50
AO. 0 2 2 7 . 0 0
3P. 0 2 0 0 .5 0

1P5.50
2 18.50
I P 3.00

177.00-220.00
21A.00~2A8.50
177.00-215.00

-

C O MP U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ----------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

103
101

3P.0
3P.0

210.50
211.00

216.00
216.00

170.00~25A.50
170.00~25A.50

3
3

D R A F T E R S -----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

303
94
20P

3P. 5 2 36 .5 0
A O. 0 2 3 8 . 0 0
3P.5 236.00

2AO. OO
2 AO. 0 0
230.00

190.00-260.00
200.00~270.00
190.00-250.00

3
3

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ---------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

66
29

AO. 0 3 0 7 . 0 0
AO. 0 2 7 P . 5 0

28A. 00
2 71.50

260.50-339.50
26A.50~28A.00

-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

B6
36

40.0
AO.O

23P.OO
23P.00

2 A O . OO
2A0. 00

211.00-260.00
211.00~25A.00

“

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

95
2P

A O. 0 I R A . 50
A O. 0 1 P 5 . 0 0

17P.50
180.00

1 6A .00-195.50
161.00-200.00

3
3

~

35

3P.5

272.00

262.00~28A.50

“

~

----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURI NS

C O MP U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S C -------------------------------N O N M A N U E A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------

REGISTERED

s

S
300

and

----------------------------------------

(B US I N E S S !

S
280

and
under
130

C OMP U T E R

%

%
130

INDUSTRIAL

N URS E S

--------------

h r

330.50
330.00

277.00

_

_

-

_

_

_

22
22

36
35

36
33

31
31

11
11

10
10

5
4

10
10

8

5
5

16
15

16
13

20
20

8
8

7
7

3
2

1
1

f
t

1
1

_

1A
1A

19
19

3

16
16

17
17

IP
19

18
18

7
7

3
3

-

2
2

-

~

■

6
6

15
15

17
17

39
39

57
56

26
26

43
43

47
44

46
46

46
43

10
10

14
14

5
5

4
3

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

2
2

16
16

21
21

27
27

14
14

23
23

6
6

12
12

5
5

4
3

2
2

2
2

_

_

1
1

11
11

34
3A

51
50

9
9

21
21

19
16

32
32

21
18

4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

~

1
1

6
6

1A
1A

6
6

5
5

A
4

i
i

1
1

1
1

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

A1
4l

77
3
7A

63
15
48

37
5
32

6A
7
57

12
2
10

15
1
1A

6
6

3
3

3
1
2

8
8

"

“
“

“
~

-

-

10

29
2
27

■

'

1
1

2
1

i
i

6
6

6
4

7
7

4
3

4
4

6
6

5
5

i
1

3
2

3
3

-

-

-

~

-

8
8

18
1
17

26
26

61
1
60

53
13
AO

26
5
21

17
6
11

8
2
6

8
1
7

i
1

2

-

3

-

-

-

2

“

~

“
“

-

1A

6
6

3
3

9
9

1
1

9
9

lA
14

10
8

4
4

4
4

A3
A3

-

i
i

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

'

"

"

'

1

2

22
22

30
9
30

29
12
17

22
3
19

82
23
59

26
12
1A

2A
14
10

1*
1
“

-

-

”

~

1
i
“

5

10
9
-

-

-

-

3
2

13
4

13

-

-

-

9

13
10

~

21
18

13
3

10
3

”

1
1

1
1

2
2

5

i

3

-

-

1
1

_

_
“
_

~
_

_

”
_

_

_

'

"

_

_

“
_
“

17

1A

10

1

2

6
6

-

-

-

ip

”

“
-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

6

”

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_

~

24
2A

9
0

_

1?
12

5

18
10

22

1

~

11
6

1A
4

15
1

26
3

15
8

-

“

1

1
1

-

5

17

~

"

3
-

10
5
5

5
5

6
i
5

-

R
3

5
~

5
“

-

-

_

i
1

-

“

-

-

-

“

"

i

“

“

5
5

1
i

'

-

-

-

-

“

“

_

~

-

-

"

“

~

"

i

~

~

~

“

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978
A verm,.
(mean*)
Sex, 3 oc c u pa t i on,

OF FI CE

and i n d u s t r y di v i s i o n

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekhr
hour*

Weekly
earning!1
(standard)

PEN

88
82

38.5
38.5

143.50
142.50

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------------

51
34

39.0
38.5

184.50
179.50

41
29

39. 0 1 7 1 . 0 0
38. 5 1 6 3 . 5 0

ACCOUNTI NG CLERKS. CLASS 8 •
NONMANUF A C T U R I N S --------------------------

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

occupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O F FI CE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

$

ME S S E NGE RS --------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------------

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

-

401
400

F I L E C L E R K S -------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

9 64
103
861
79

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A --------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

71
62

S E C R E T A R I E S , c l a s s b --------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

245
230
33

3 B. 5 2 2 0 . 0 0
38. 5 2 21 . 0 0
3 R. 0 2 8 3 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C --------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

344
31
313

38. 5 2 06 . 5 0
40. 0 2 1 0 .0 0
3B. 5 2 0 6 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 --------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

275
4 fl
227

38.5
40.0
38.5

187.00
211.00
182.00

S T E N OG RA P H E RS ---------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

297
278
154

39.0
39.0
39.0

225.50
228.00
264.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GE NERAL --------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

200
194

39.0
39.0

231.00
233.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R -------------------- — e ~
N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

97
84

39.5
39.

213.50
217.00

T R A N S C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E T Y P I S T S ---------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

144
140

38.
40.
38.
38.

5
0
5
0

206.50
211.50
205.50
281.50

39.5
39.5

233.00
235.00

Sex , 3 o c c u p a t i o n ,

and i nd u s t r y d i v i s i on

O F FI C E OCCUPATI ONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
38.0
38.0

$
126.50
126.50

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS B
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S - - ■

104
104

38.0
38.0

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S —

288
287

KEY E N T R Y

OPERATORS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

CONTINUED

$
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

547
37
510

39.0 167.50
40. 0 170 .0 0
39.0 167.50

192
187

38.5
38.5

3ft.0 121.00
38.0 121.00

136.50
136.50

MES S E N GE RS ---------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S

WOMEN

Average
(mean*)

Averuae
(mean2)
Sex ,

77
74

38.5
38.5

129.00
1 28.00

S U I T C H B O A R O O P E RA T O RS -----------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

87
81

39.5
39.5

155.50
154.50

SUITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

I 99
4B
151

39.5 143.00
40. 0 149 .5 0
39. 0 141 .0 0

ORDER C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

14ft
30
118

40. 0 1 53 .0 0
40. 0 1 63 .0 0
40. 0 1 50 .5 0

OROER C L E R K S e C L A S S B -----------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

135
111

40. 0 147 .5 0
40. 0 1 47 .0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

947
166
781

38. 5 1 6 6 . 0 0
40.0 181.00
3ft. 5 1 6 3 . 0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

279
74
205

38. 5 2 0 3 . 0 0
40. 0 1 9 7 . 0 0
38. 0 2 0 5 . 0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

66ft
92
576

3R. 5 1 5 0 . 5 0
40. 0 1 6 8 . 5 0
38. 5 1 4 8 . 0 0

O P E RA T O RS ------------------------------------------------------

57
3ft

39. 5 1 6 9 . 5 0
39. 5 1 6 1 . 5 0

8 0 0 K KE E P I N G- M A C H I N E OPERATORS.
C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

41
28

39. 5 1 7 4 . 0 0
39. 5 1 6 9 . 0 0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

122
35
87

39. 0 1 7 6 . 0 0
40. 0 1 8 7 . 0 0
39. 0 1 7 1 . 5 0

KEY

7 90
61
729
96

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0
3ft • 0

243
219

39. 0 1 8 4 . 5 0
38.5 182.50

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

COMPUT E R S Y S T E MS A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------

353.50
352.50

COMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------

74
69

COMPUT E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------

101
101

38.0
38.0

327.00
327.00

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

273
265

38.5
38.5

304.00
303.00

COMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

103
102

38.0
38.0

338.00
337.00

C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------------------

153
146

C OMPUT E R O P E RA T O RS
N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S

249
231

3 8 . 5 1368.50
38.5 367.50

289.00
287.50
39.0
39.0

213.00
211.50

T Y P I S T S --------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

276
264

3B. 0 1 4 0 . 5 0
38. 0 139.00

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

39
39

38.5
38.5

151.50
151.50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

237
225

38.0
38.0

139.00
136.50

E N T R Y OP E R A T O R S MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




6

173.00
183.00
172.00
264.50

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A
N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------------

46

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S 8
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------------

160
146

39.0
38.5

205.50
203.50

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S --------------------------

43
43

39.0
39.0

189.00
189.00

228
91

40.0
40.0

241.00
238.50

DRAFT ERS. CLASS A
MA N U F A C T U R I N G —

65
29

40.0
40.0

308.00
279.50

DRAFT ERS. CLASS B
MA N U F A C T U R I N G —

78
34

40.0
40.0

240.50
240.50

DR A F T E R S. CLASS
MA N U F A C T U R I N G

166.00
164.50

BOOKKEEPINS-MACHINE
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S

72

40.0
40.0

186.00
193.00

D R A F T E R S -------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G

C

u?

28

39.5 262.00
39. 0 262 .0 0

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers by sex,
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978— Continued
Average
(mean2)
S e x , 1 occupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i si on

Number
of
workers

Week^r
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

C OMPUT E R S T S T E M S A N A L T S T S
( B U S I N E S S I ----------------------------------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------C OMPUT E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------C OMP U T E R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------------------------------

Sex, 3 oc c u pa t i on, and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

39
39
107
107

$
38. 0 333 .5 0
38. 0 3 33 .5 0
38.5
38.5

256.50
256.50

C OMPUT E R OP E R A T O R S -------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------C OMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

39.0
39.0

$
210.50
209.00

Sex , 3 o c c u p a t i o n ,

52
52

38. 5 2 51 .5 0
38.5 251.50

7

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours*
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - UOMEN— C O N T I N U E D
154
136
91
76

39. 0 200.50
39. 0 1 9 4 . 5 0

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S -

CONTINUED

COMPUT E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ------------N ON MA N U F A C T U R I N S ----------------------------------------DRAFTERS

------------------------------------------------------------------------

REGISTERED

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




Weekly
hours
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - UOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - UOMEN

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

INDUSTRIAL

NURSE S

----------------

60
58

$
38.5 226.00
38. 5 2 2 7 .0 0

75

38.5

224.00

35

39.5

277.00

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings *
Number
of
worker,

Occ upat i on and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i on

*
3.20
Mean *

Median*

Middle range *

*
3.60

S
3.80

*
4.00

s
1
*
4 . 20 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 3

*
4.80

%
5.20

*
5.63

*
6.00

s
6.40

t
6 . 83

S
7.20

r . 63

S
8.00

%
8.40

S
8. 80

%
9.20

3 . 60

3 . 80

4.00

4.20

4.43

4.60

5.20

5.63

6.30

6.40

6.80

7.23

7.60

t . 03

8 . 4Q

8.80

9. 23

‘>><■010. O O I O - Q Q

-

-

"

-

and

$
9 . 25

$
6. 86-

$
9. 91

139
127

8 . 77
8 . 89

9 . 25
9 . 25

7.797 .8 4-

9 . 91
9 . 91

MA I N T E NA N C E p a i n t e r s
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

50
38

8 . 34
9 . 39

9 . 91
9 . 91

6.239.25-

9 . 91
9 . 91

MA I N T E NA N C E M A C H I N I S T S
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

72
65

8.42
8.51

8.00
8 . 31

7.747. 87-

9 . 46
9 . 46

MA I N T E N A N C E ME C H A N I C S ( M A C H I N E R Y )
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

39a
399

7 . 25
7 . 28

6.75
6 . 89

5. 4 7 5. 4 7 -

9 . 25
9. 25

MA I N T E N A N C E ME C H A N I C S
( MOT OR V E H I C L E S ) --------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------NONMANUF A C T U R I N S - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

320
123
1 97
46

7 . 30
6.53
7 . 29
8 . 53

6.71
6 . 41
7 . 12
8 . 34

6. 385.6 36. 577.76-

7. 50
6.71
7 . 76
9 . 59

74

9.50

9 . 46

9. 25- 1 0 . 1 7

80

7 . 67

7 . 39

6.21-

8.05

42
42

7.68
7.68

7.61
7.61

6.536.53-

8 . 56
8 . 56

CARPENTERS

-

MA I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

STATIONARY

PIPFFITTERS
ENGINEERS

-------

BOI LE R TENDERS - MAN UF AC T UR I NG

*
**

W o rk e rs w e r e at
W o rk e rs w e re at

S ee fo o tn o te s

j
-.

$
8 . 30

MA I N T E N A N C E

0

4.83

WORKERS
03

MA I N T E N A N C E

t
s
*
9. 6010. 001 0.4 0

and
u nd er
3.40

ALL

s
3 . 40

$ 1 0 .4 0 to
$ 1 0 .8 0 to

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

'

1
1

_
-

1

1

2
"

-

6

“

6

i
i

2
2

3
3

2

30
30

2
2

1

$ 1 0 .8 0 .
$ 1 1 .2 0 .

8

-

82
82

17
17.
-

11

2
2

”

14
14

4

3
3

23
13

7
7

3
3

1

i

_

_

_

1

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8
8

25
18

5
5

6
6

_

23
23

52
52

13
10

33
33

35
35

_

_

-

“

“

42
9
33
2

102
58
44

25
1
24
-

3
3
3

28
1
27
13

5
5

“

46
2
44
9

-

-

-

4

-

7

8

6

8

12
12

~

~

-

4
2
1

2

1

4
13
13

1
1

2

1

1
5
4

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




2

1

6
6

-

13

12

40
40

38
38

8
8

-

6
6

22
22

-

~

5
*5

ii
ii

14
14

“

”

51
51

60
60

8
8

-

12
2
10
to

16
12
4

_

1

~

-

1
1

-

-

34

8

26

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

**17

-

8
8

8
8

-

-

-

-

1

15
8
8

*

_

4

4




material movement and custodial workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978
Hourly earnings *

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
%
2.60

Median2

Middle range 2

%
2.80

%
3.00

t
3.23

%
3 . 90

*
3 . 60

*
3 . 80

*
4.00

X
9.20

S
9.90

s
4 . 80

s
5 .23

T
%
5 . 6 0 6 . 03

s
6.43

$
6

83

t
7.20

t
7.63

t
8.00

%
8.40

(
f t . 80

t
9.20

<
9.60

2 . RO

Mean 2

3.00

3 . 20

3 . 90

3 . 60

3 . 80

4 . 00

4 .20

4.40

4.83

5 t 20

5 ,60

6 .00

6.93

6.83

7 23

7 . 60

8.03

8.93

8.80

9.20

9.60

over

28

22
22

87
5
82

37
5
32

93
5
38

29
5
19

10
2
A

94
39
60

28
9
19

162
18
199

61
44
17

33
26
7

7
2
5

63
53
13
3

32
28
4

36
12
24

68
68

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

and
under

and

915
295
670
R3

$
5.12
5 . 23
5 . 08
9 . 2*

$
9 . 58
5.12
9.55
9 . 40

$
3.759.303.409.40-

$
6.14
6.00
6.97
9.40

113
97

3.5ft
3 . 51

3 . 50
3 . 50

3.032.65-

9.35
9.15

28
28

-

2
2

20
15

13
13

15
13

4
4

1
1

7
7

18
15

~

“

”

2
2

223
61
162

*1.75
4.92
9m 6 9

9.07
9 . 30
3.50

3.109.153.00-

5.56
5.55
5.8 3

~

19
19

90
90

11
11

2ft
5
23

3
3

4
4

23
18
5

9
9

9
1
8

3
1
2

23
19
6

3
2
1

R
5
3

6
4
2

6
2
4

369
106
263

6 . 09
5 . R3
6 . 20

6.00
6.00
6m 97

9.355.319.35-

7.50
6.66
7.50

3
3

45
5
40

6
6

-

_

-

-

i
i

7
7

33
18
15

10
9
1

1
1

53
45

26
29
2

24
4
20

61
61

28

32
32

-

i

i

f
t

-

-

_

_

-

*

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

”

“

-

-

58

9 . 70

4.65

9.07-

5.05

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

16

-

19

22

3

-

-

-

5 . *17
5 . 96

6.00
6.00

4.1ft4.10-

6.37
6.37

6
6

-

-

“

9
9

*

5
5

5
5

8
ft

7
7

i
i

10
4

9
6

6
6

5
2

5?
5?

3
3

72

5 . 22

4 . 60

9.20-

5.39

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

8

19

21

5

3

-

567
55

5 . 21
5 . 02

9 . 76
9.70

9.159.20-

6.37
6.07

.

7

-

16

28

7
“

39
8

59
4

49
5

125
18

35
4

91

873
836

9m 35
9m 39

3 . 34
3 . 34

3 . DO3.00-

9.25
9.96

17
17

103
96

246
239

105
95

35
32

74
69

12
12

57
57

7
7

38
38

7
7

106
72

3 . 99
9 . 23

3.95
4 . 46

3.253.83-

9.85
9.90

11
6

-

1
1

22
2

2

ii
9

1o
10

6
6

3
1

13
13

29
29

9m 52
9.39
9.60
4 . 59

9.50
9.25
9 . 50
3 . 55

3.603.603.553.55-

5.35
5.37
5.29
6.18

19
6
13
~

37
3
34

46
29
22

28
19
19
1

33
13
23
19

44
90
4
"

21
7
14
~

67
22
95
“

28
5
23
“

115
39
76

70
55
15

“

35
5
30
~

620
386
239
31

5.81
6 . 22
5. 1 3
5 . 32

5.48
5 . 69
5.90
3.95

9.554.953.753.95-

6.75
7.20
6.35
6.35

9
9
-

ft
ft

35
1
34
~

7
7
~

1R
11
7
“

11
ii
5

32
17
15
13

11
7
4
~

17
12
5

90
33
7

29
20
9

121
77
99

*

“

370
39
336

2 . 92
9m H I
2 . ft7

2.65
3.90
2.65

2.653.852.65-

2.80
6.62
2.80

996
996

1 45
1 95

55

27
4
23

15

8
8

7
7

13

15

?1
17
4

17

55

28
28

17

515
183
332

3.13
5. 1 1
?• ft 6

2.65
5.91
2.65

2.653.982.65-

3.00
6.31
2.75

103 1
4
1 027

91
91

82
6
76

51
10
91

12
1
11

18
11
7

28
14
19

25
13
12

9
9

29
17
12

_
-

29

56

_
-

56

'

"

3

659
265
399
25

_

24

_

'

1 58
193

-

-

-

"
i i

80
80
80

9

5

2

-

-

-

-

12
12

17
17

3
-

-

-

2

-

-

2

35

18
12

15

*

8
2

55
2

-

-

38
38

59
54

-

“

42
4?

32
22
10
“

46
10
36
13

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

36
35
1
~

64
39
25
9

42
23
19

32
4
2ft

16

7

2
2

11
11

-

13

16

7

2
2

22
9
13

18
10
8

13
13

45
91
4

32
32

2
2

_

“

_

*

7

-

-

10

10

_

10
-

38
38

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

28

-

2ft

*

-

-

-

6

-

-

6

38
38

-

“

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

-

4
4
4

“

-

-

-

60
*60
-

i
i

_
-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1978
A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

CARPENTERS

MAI NTENANCE e l e c
MANUFACTURI NG

-

40

trician s

139

--------------------

127

ft. 30

8 . 34
9.39

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

72
65

8.42
ft. 51

M A I N T E N A N C E ME C H A N I C S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

39A
390

7 . 25
7 . 2ft

STATIONARY

ENGINEERS

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS

7 . 00
6.53
7 . 29
8.53

---------------------------

------------------------------------

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ----------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------and

-

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S -------------------------

139
124

$
5.52
5 . 52

67

5 . 30

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G —
N ONMA N UF A C T URI N S

464
45
419

5 . 07
5 . 09
5 . 07

ORDER F I L L E R S -------------N O NMA N U F A C T U RI N S

462
451

4. 70
4 . 73

SHIPPING

AND R E C E I V I N G

C L E RK S

42
42

52

3 . 97

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L ABORERS
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O NMA N U F A C T U RI N S ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

534
235
2 99
25

4 . 57
4.43
4.68
4 . 59

F O R K L I F T OPE RA T O RS —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------N O NMA N U F A C T U RI N S PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

320
123
197
46

PIPEFITTERS

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

ft. 77

ft. ft9

50
38

MAI NTENANCE

Number
of

$

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S --------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

M A I N T E N A N C E ME C H A N I C S
( MOT OR V E H I C L E S ) -------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

o c cu p a tio n , and in du stry d iv isio n

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D

M A I N T E N A N C E . T OO L R O O M. AND
POWE RPL A NT O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN
MAI NTENANCE

Sex,

606
381
2 25
29

5 . R2
6.21
5 . 14
5.41

1.302
34
1 • 268

2 . 91
4 . 87
2 . 86

927
151
776

3 . 31
5 . 23
2.94

411
385

3 . 32
3.33

S H I P P I N G PA C KE RS —
NONMA N U F A C T U RI N S

54
44

4 . 00
4.17

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
NONMA N U F A C T U RI N S

68
68

3. 1 3
3. 1 3

588
32
556

2 . 85
4.56
2.75

SHIPPING

PA C KE RS

—

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN
MA N U F A C T U R I N G —
N ONMA N UF A C T URI N S

custodial

MEN

T R U C K O R I V E R S ---------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

911
244
667
83

5. 1 2
5.24
5 . 08
9 . 2R

T R U C K O R I V E R S . L I G H T T RUCK ---------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

110
94

3 . 57
3 . 50

T R U C K O R I V E R S . MEDI UM T RUCK
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

223
61
162

4.75
4 . 92
4 . 69

T R U C K O R I V E R S . HE A V Y T RUCK
( T R A I L E R ) -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

368
105
263

6.10
5.85
6 . 20

T R U C K O R I V E R S . HE A V Y T RUCK
( O T H E R T HA N T R A I L E R ) :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

58

4.70

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f tables,

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . *ND C L E A N E R S ------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O NMA N U F A C T U RI N S -----------------------------------------

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
OCCUPATI ONS

ANO C U S T O D I A L
- WOMEN

ORDER F I L L E R S -------------NONMA N U F A C T U RI N S

J AN I T O R S . P O R T E R S . ANO C L E A NE RS ------MANUFACT URI N G -------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N S —

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Jacksonville, Fla., for selected periods
D e c e m b e r 1972
I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p 5

D e c e m b e r 1973

to

to

D e c e m b e r 1973

D e c e m b e r 1974 D e c e m b e r 1975
to

to

to

D e c e m b e r 1974 D e c e m b e r 1975 D e c e m b e r 1976 D e c e m b e r 1977

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ___________
____ _______ ________
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _________________________________________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s _______________________________

7 .9
(6 )
(6 )
8 .7
1 1 .7

9 .2
7 .9
(6 )
1 0 .7
1 1 .6

9 .3
6 .7
9 .7
7.1
4 .9

7 .3
6 .1
9 .0
8 .6
9 .6

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _________________________________________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s ________________________________

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
8 .2
1 1 .7

c >
(6 )
(6 )
12.1
9 .5

(‘ )
(6 )
(6 )
7 .7
9 .6

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ___________________________________ ____ —
E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g _____________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _________________________________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t w o r k e r s ________________________________

7 .9
(6 )
(6 )
1 1 .8

9 .4
7 .9
(6 )
1 3 .0

See fo o tn o te s

D e c e m b e r 1976

D e c e m b e r 1 97 7
to
D e c e m b e r 1 978

6 .8
6 .3
1 0.5
8 .9
7 .8

7 .8
9 .6
9 .6
9 .0
1 0.2

0
( )
(6 )
9 .5
7 .1

(‘ )
(6 )
(6 )
9 .4
8 .9

c>
( )
(6 )
8 .6
7 .0

9 .4
6 .6

7 .5
6 .1

6 .6
6 .0

7 .5
9 .6

(6 )
1 .7

(6 )
10.5

(6 )
7.1

(6 )
1 1.3

a t en d o f t a b l e s .

Footnotes
3 E a r n i n g s d a ta r e l a t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o s e
s e x id e n t i f i c a t i o n w a s p r o v i d e d b y th e
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r t o 197 6 r e l a t e t o m e n o n ly f o r s k il le d m a in t e n a n c e and
u n s k il le d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A ll o t h e r ' e s tim a te s r e la te to m en and w om en .
6 D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n o t a v a il a b l e .

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v id in g b y
th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r
m o r e a n d h a lf r e c e i v e t h e s a m e o r l e s s th a n , th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m id d l e r a n g e is d e f in e d b y tw o
r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a
fo u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e th a n t h e h i g h e r r a t e .




11




Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f t h e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u r e a u o b t a in s
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da ta f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in
six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an ufactu ring; tr an sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x c l u d e d .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o exclu d e d b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t
e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
A p p e n d i x t a b le 1 s h o w s th e n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to b e w ith in th e s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e l l as th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : . (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.
U n le s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en ough data
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id ua l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta.
S e p a r a t e m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d w h e n th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n id e n t i f ie d in an o c c u p a t i o n .
E a r n in g s data
not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in data f o r a ll
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . ’ L i k e w i s e , f o r o c c u p a t i o n s w ith m o r e than o n e l e v e l ,
data a r e i n c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o b ta in data b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at
3 -y e a r in tervals.
In e a c h o f th e tw o i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on
e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s o n l y is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f
p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p l e o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y p r i o r t o e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , le s s
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h g o out o f b u s i n e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w ith in th e i n d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g tw o ann ual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w t o the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f t h e s u r v e y u n t il th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p l e f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
The sam pling p r o c e d u r e s
i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e
is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f
selection .
T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o ­
p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W h e n data a r e
c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , if o n e
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w eig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a l t e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
c h o s e n in t h e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n if data a r e not a v a i l a b l e
f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no s u it a b le s u b s ti tu te is a v a i l a b l e ,
a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e show n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n in g s
data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s ,
and l a t e s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c lu d e d .
W eek ly hours for o ffice
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s r e f e r to the s ta n d a rd
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o ur) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs f o r th ese occu pation s are
r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l l i n e s w it h in th e d i s t r ib u t io n o f
w o r k e r s o n s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d i c a t e a c h a n g e in th e s i z e o f th e c l a s s in t e r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s for in divid u a l j o b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f ir m 's m a y c h a n g e , o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d by n ew
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h if t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s

* Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, O hio; Birm ingham , A la .; N orfolk —V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—H am pton, V a .—N .C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—N ewburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica—R om e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore
lim ite d area studies in app roxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Adm inistration o f
the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor.




13

d u r in g t h e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
Com puter system s
analysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C
Com puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r i a l
nurses

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s
sh o u ld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ithin
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e s p a i d
i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

C arpenters
E le ctricia n s
P ain ters
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m ach in ery )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d i e m a k e r s

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s

A v e r a g e earn in gs r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Skilled m ain ten an ce

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean er s
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m
as fo llo w s :

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu dy and not th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B ecau se o ccu pa tion a l stru ctu res am ong establish m en ts d iffe r, estim a tes of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y
o f the e a r n i n g s da ta.

are com puted

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d .
The a vera ges are d erived
f r o m e a r n i n g s in t h o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h a r e in
the s u r v e y b o th y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s u n ch a n g e d .

2.

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in th e
base year.

3.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s ( c o m p u t e d in s t e p 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y its w e i g h t .
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d to
o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e for th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e for th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

W age trends fo r se le cte d occu pational groups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the
t r e n d j o b s in b o t h th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s till a ffe c te d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a i d u n d e r
p la n s p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r i n d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r i o d s o f
i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at t h e b o t t o m o f
the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n t h e i n d i c a t e d
dates.
W h e n th e t i m e sp a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s i s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , annual
rates a re show n.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , se e "Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .

O ccu pa tion s u se d to co m p u te w age tr e n d s a re :
O ffice c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C o n t in u e d

S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
Sten ograp h ers, sen ior
T y p ists, c la s s e s A
and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essengers
Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s

O rder clerk s,
c l a s s e s A and B
A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeeping -m a ch in e
o p e r a to rs, cla ss B
P a y roll clerk s
K ey entry o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s tables^ a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h is b u l l e t i n .
In for­
m a t i o n f o r t h e s e ta b u la t io n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
These tabu ­
l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s hif t
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s f o r t h is a r e a .

14

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Jacksonville, Fla.,1December 1978
In d u s try d iv is io n 2

ALL

DIVISIONS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -------------------------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------------WHOL E S A L E T R A D E 6 ------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND REAL E S T AT E 6 --------------S E R V I C E S 6 7----------------------------------------------------------------------------manufacturing

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

_

W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y 4
W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y *

S tu d ie d

S t u d ie d
N u m ber

P ercen t

493

15 1

1 02 .27 4

1 00

58.159

”

111
382

43
108

26*318
75.9 56

26
74

14* 966
43*193

50
50
50
50
50

24
82
12 8
70
80

15
18
25
22
28

1 1.761
8*625
2 7.8 15
18*404
9 .3 5 1

11
8
27
18
9

11*340
2* 593
1 3.6 31
11*283
4 * 646

50

1 T h e J a c k s o n v i l l e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e
O ffi c e o f M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 97 4, c o n s is t s o f B a k e r , C la y ,
D u v a l , N a s s a u , a n d S t, J oh n s
C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e
a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n ot
in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 )
s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 97 2 e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d
in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
H o w e v e r, a ll g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m
li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in in d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e ,




W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s on e
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in
th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s
ta b le s .
T a x i c a b s and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c l u d e d .
J a c k s o n v i l l e 's e l e c t r i c
u t il it y a n d t r a n s i t s y s t e m a r e m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n
f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
6 S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta is n o t m a d e f o r t h is d i v i s i o n .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ;
a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g and
a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

15




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e
B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p ro p ria te o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who are e m p loyed under a v a rie ty of
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to
e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n t e n t .
B ecause
o f t h is e m p h a s i s on in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y
f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
oth er p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d
e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ;
and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
a n d p robationary w o rk e rs .
H a n d ic a p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n i n g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r h a n d ic a p a r e a l s o
exclu ded.
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n l e s s s p e c i f i c a l l y i n c lu d e d
in th e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x c l u d e d .

Office
SECRETARY

SE CRE TAR Y— Continue d

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the
supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed
supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties,
usually including most of the following:

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of office routine
and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to
the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions

a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail,
answers routine inquiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper
persons;
b. Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;
c. Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as
instructed;

Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above char­
acteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from die definition are
as follows;
a.
described above;

Positions which do not meet the "personal" secretary con

b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
d. Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates;
e. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic
accuracy;
f. Performs stenographic and typing work.



c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of profes­
sional, technical, or managerial persons;

d.
Secretary positions in which the duties are either substan
more routine or substantially more complex and responsible than those char­
acterized in the definition;

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C lass C

e.
A s s is ta n t-ty p e positio n s w hich
re sp o n sib le tech n ica l, a dm inistra tive, su p e rv is o ry ,
d u t ie s w h i c h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in v olv e m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or sp ecialized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y i s not e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in the d e f i n i t i o n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
• o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
d
o f t e n , in tu rn , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o ; cm
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the hea d o f an i n d i v i d u a l pla n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 5 , 0 0 0
i d e n t i f y s u ch p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
in d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; ojr
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r th an 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , adm inistrative o f fic e r , o r a s sista n t, skilled techn ician, o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y du ty i s to ta ke d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a l s o ty pe f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
May operate fr o m a sten o­
g ra p h ic pool.
May o c c a s io n a l ly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y
du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T r a n scrib in g -M a ch in e Typist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fun ction al a ctiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
ope r a tio n s, in du strial re la tio n s , etc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e ad o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G eneral

keep

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y .
M ay m ain tain f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S tenographer, Senior

D ic t a t io n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l d r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain f ile s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s sten ograph ic du ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y th e
follow in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l tasks such as m ain tain in g follow u p f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s im p le le t te r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P I S T

M ESSEN GER

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t y p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d i c t a t i o n w h i c h d o e s
n o t i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as that u s e d in
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth e r r e la tiv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
( S e e S t e n o g r a p h e r d e f in it io n f o r w o r k e r s in v o l v e d
w ith s h o r t h a n d d i c t a t i o n . )

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s ro u tin e d u tie s s u c h as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a ­
ti o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t du ty.
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d with a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o in g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s , ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s operating a telephone
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e tha n on e o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded.
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d
O perator -R ecep tion ist.

TY PIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b ills a fte r c a lc u la t io n s b a v e b een m a d e b y another p e r s o n . M a y in clud e
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u se in d u p lic a t in g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l it t le s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in co m in g m ail.
C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Typing m a t e r ia l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k involves
b u s i n e s s and
priate p e r so n
a r r a n g i n g an

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g: C o p y ty p in g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e typin g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e t t in g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
a l r e a d y s e t u p and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s fo r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r sales p eop le.
W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g d u t i e s :
Q uotin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l ­
a b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d v i s in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a te and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r
s h e e t s ; c h e c k i n g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t ra ting o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n i s h i n g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r i s d e l i v e r e d b y th e s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r kn ow
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in t a in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g ship pin g i n v o i c e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

FIL E C LE RK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A .
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tain ing a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b ject m a tte r f ile s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m a teria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y lea d a s m a ll gro u p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

E x c l u d e w o r k e r s p a i d on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u tie s
in c lu d e any o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r
m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u l t a t i v e a d v i c e
u s i n g k n o w l e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l t r a i n in g ;
e m p h a s i z i n g s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l
p a r t o f th e j o b .

C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
( s u b je c t m a t te r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c la s s ifi e d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P osition s
definitions:

C lass C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l th at h a s a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lph abetical, ch ro n o lo g ica l, o r n u m erica l).
As
reque$ted,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l s ; and m a y
fill out w ith d r aw a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
s u c h d u t ie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n by t e l e p h o n e and
a p p o in t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

are

cla ssified

into

lev els

accord in g

to

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . H a n d le s o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k in g j u d g m e n t s s u c h as
c h o o s i n g w h i c h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s p r o d u c t
l i n e s w i l l s a t i s f y th e c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g th e p r i c e to be
q u o t e d w h e n p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r
m akin g so m e sim p le m a t h e m a tic a l c a lcu la tio n s .

19

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la ss B . H an dles o r d e r s in volvin g ite m s w hich have re a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p l i c a t i o n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n ua l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t t o in st ire th at p r o p e r i t e m is s u p p l i e d o r t o v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .

c o s t distribution, expense d istribution, in ventory c o n tr o l, etc.
o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l
th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

ACCOUNTING C L E R K

M ACH IN E B IL L E R

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
for c le r ic a l a c c u r a c y variou s types o f r e p o r ts , lis ts , ca lcu la tion s, posting,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r th an
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
operations.
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

T h e w o r k ^ req uir es a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to t h e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith t h e b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to h a v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P osition s are
defin ition s:

cla ssifie d

into

l e v e l s on

th e b a s i s o f

the

follow ing

C lass A.
Under g e n era l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n ! w h i c h r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d or n o n r e p e t i t i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s ­
a ction s, se le c t in g am on g a substantial v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accou n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one or
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .
C l a s s B.
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g detailed in stru ction s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s , o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d ic a t e d ;
c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u s i n g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
accounting c o d e s .
B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
board) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y han d.
C lass B . K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r section s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u ir in g little k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g .
Ph ases o r s ection s include accou nts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' accounts
(not i n c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) ,




M ay ch eck
sheets for

B illin g -m a ch ip e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l billin g m ach in e (co m b in a tion
ty p in g arid adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a se o r d e r s , in tern ally p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,
s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m ach in e.
The o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B ookkeeping-m ach in e b ille r.
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( w ith o r
w it h ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n ot i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e
o f bookkeeping.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and
cred it slips.
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y t o p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m aintain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P rocessin g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r production r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r ch anges
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r t a x d e d u c t i o n s ; e d it in g p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n automated p a y roll s y s te m , com pu tes w a g e s.
W ork m ay req u ire a p ractica l
k n o w l e d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r th e
com p u ter system for p r o c e ss in g p a y r o lls .
K EY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alph a b etic a n d / o r
n u m e r i c da t a on t a b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
Positions
definitions.

are cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the b a sis o f

th e

follow ing

C lass A.
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s t o be k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in ex p erien ced keypunch o p e r a t o r s .

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS— C o n tin u e d

C lass B.
W o r k i s r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
U n de r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in stru ction s, w ork s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u i r e lit t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to s u p e r ­
v is o r p r o b le m s arisin g f r o m
erro n e o u s item s o r co d e s o r m iss in g
in form ation .

ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s
and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(NOTE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g sh o u ld be
c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s if th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e
t h e i r pa y.)

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h as the t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g pu n c h , e t c .
E xcluded fr o m
t h is d e f i n i t i o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded a re o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u gh th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a ccou n tin g m a c h in e equipm en t.

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

P ositions
d efin ition s.

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s in v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s .
P r o b l e m s a re
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w hich
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h the fu ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia t e d b y the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o bta in in g
e q u ip m e n t .

are

c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on

the

basis of

th e

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

follow ing

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
i n c lu d in g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g u nde r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

M a y p r o v id e functional
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C lass B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e cific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
t i n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d by
class C o p e r a to rs.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

direction

to l o w e r l e v e l

s y s t e m s a n a ly sts

C l a s s B.
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a bank, m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lie d .

C l a s s C.
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o ­
ducing punch, c o l l a t o r , etc.
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ica lly in volve p o r tio n s o f a
w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t i t i v e
operation s.
M ay p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e
filing w o rk .

OR

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e or s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D evelop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to en ab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d igital c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e xp an d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly st.

Professional and Technical




21

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C o n verts statem ents o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p r e p a re d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , into a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . W o r k i n g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h da t a w i l l b e
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a dapt t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE:
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
if t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pa y.)

input data w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e data h av e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th at t h e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f data can b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t in e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith r o u t in e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay a s s is t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r

C lass C . M akes p r a c tic a l a p p lica tion s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a nd c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.

D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

F or wage

s tu dy p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

COMPUTER OPERATOR

are c la s s ifie d as follow s

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e jof a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s ( ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r in g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g program .

C la ss A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h id e n t i f y
t h e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t i o n s as
d ev elop m en t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e sta b lish m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to data w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M ay p r o v id e functional
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

For

w a g e stu dy

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C lass A . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n so that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la ss B . O p era tes in depen den tly, o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y run o n a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l y . s h o r t t i m e .
In

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o
o r three v a rie d seq u en ces o r fo r m a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m




instruct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

22

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l y i n g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n tec h n iq u e s.

Copies
cloth o r p a p e r
in clud e tr a c in g
l a r g e s c a l e not

p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s tr a ig h t li n e s and a
r e q u irin g c l o s e delineation.)

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

C l a s s C.
W o r k s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru nnin g ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay a s s i s t higher
le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C la ss A .
P l a n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h avin g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
p receden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
re c o m m e n d m in o r design ch anges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a r t s . W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s . M a y e ith er p r e p a r e d raw in gs o r d ir e c t th eir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
le v e l d rafters.
C la ss B.
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th at r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
reg u la rly used.
D u t i e s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s u ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w orking
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w i t h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a rch ite ctu r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g i n c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C.
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s in g le u n it s o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e rin g , c o n s t r u c tio n , m an ufactu rin g, o r rep air p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on solid a tes details f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m eth od s of
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru ction s a r e l e s s c o m p le te when a ssig n m e n ts
recur.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .




A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r rep etitive draw ings o f e a sily visu alized item s.
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TEC HNICIAN
W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l app lication o f te c h n ica l knowledge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d op er atin g con dition.
T h e e q u ip m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kin ds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f th e s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d ig it a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
e q u ip m e n t .
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s w ho h a v e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssifie d

into

l e v e l s o n th e b a s i s o f

th e f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u su a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic equipm ent.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c lu d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s it y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gineering ch a nges.
W ork in volves;
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u ch
t a s k s as m a k i n g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , du al
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s , p u lse g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May p rovid e
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e le c t r o n ic equipm en t.
W ork in volves:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th an t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c la s s A techn icia n.

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in volves m ost
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e atin g u n it s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m ent; w ork in g standard com pu tation s re la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l techn icians.
C l a s s C. A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
ro u tin e t a s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
t i o n s w h i c h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k ty p ica lly in volves such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t ; and u s i n g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , t u b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c l u d i n g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) s o that w o r k e r can
a d v a n c e to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n .

M A IN TEN AN CE PAIN TER
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
pa in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p lyin g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o lo rs ,
o i l s , w h i te le a d , and o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
consistency.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r higher
le v e l tech n ician .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when new o r a d v a n ced a ssig n m e n ts a re in volved.
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U ST R IA L NURSES

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g ive s n u rsin g s e r v i c e u nder g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to il l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f pla n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n urse a re excluded.

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s t a n d a r d shop c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fitt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s into m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M achin ery)

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in t a in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
l a y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ’ ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and fitting p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e t o a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y




24

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M a c h in e r y )— C on tin u ed

M IL L W R IG H T — C on tin u ed

a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e tt in g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
and m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u ch as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r V eh icles)
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s ti n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g
and i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
a d j u s t m e n t s ; and a li g n i n g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n in g
body b olts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in c lu d e
t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

m echan ics

who

rep air

cus­

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t l e n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d in g
p i p e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n in g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W ork ers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s anit ation o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
a re exclu ded"
M A IN T EN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l ro o f in g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m blu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t i n g u p and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g a nd e x p e r i e n c e .

M AINTENANCE TR A D E S H E LPE R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u ch as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g oth er u n sk ille d ta sk s as d ir e c t e d by jo u rn e y m a n .
Th e kind o f w o r k
th e h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TOOLROOM )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e than o n e ty p e o f m a c h i n e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la t h e , m i l l i n g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h i n e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a in t a in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu tt in g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n onm etallic m a te r ia l ( e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b ber, g la s s ).
W ork ty pically
in volves:
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; sett in g up m a c h i n e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cu tt in g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h i n e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u rin g
m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cutt in g and lu b r i c a t i n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n in g and
exp erien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e .g ., p la stic, p la ste r, ru bber, glass).
W o rk ty pically in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and l a y i n g ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s ta n din g th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and

M IL LW R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and l a y i n g out




25

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

SH IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

p r o c e s s e s re q u ir e d to c o m p le t e ta s k s ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tio n s;
s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; u s in g
v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s
and d ie s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f itt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s t o p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d i e m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a nd i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g s h ip m e n t s ox m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h i p p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R e ce iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V erifyin g o r d irectin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d i e s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y ENGINEER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r conditioning.
W ork in volves:
O p e r a t i n g and m a in t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay also su p e rv ise th ese op eration s.
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e e n g i n e e r
a re exclu ded.
B O ILER TE N D E R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .

Material Movement and Custodial
TRU CK DR IVER
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equip m en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f e s t a b ­
lish m en ts such as: M an u factu rin g p la n ts, freig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
cu s t o m e r s ' houses o r p la ce s o f b u sin ess.
M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n l o a d t r u c k w ith
o r w it h ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k i n g o r d e r . S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
t y p e o f e q u i p m e n t , as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u l d b e r a t e d on the b a s i s
of t r a i l e r cap acity.)
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

li gh t t r u c k ( u n d e r l V 2 to n s )
m e d i u m t r u c k ( 1 V2 t o and i n c l u d i n g 4 to n s)
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s)
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )




For

wage

stu dy

purposes,

w orkers

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:

S hip pin g c l e r k
R eceiving cle rk
Sh ip pin g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g du ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s a n d o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; r o u t i n g
m a te ria ls to p r e s c r ib e d storage lo ca tio n s ; s to rin g , stack in g, o r palletizin g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ;
e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h ip m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e h and o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d u tie s .
Exclude w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y d u t i e s
in volve
s h ip p in g and
r e c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e Sh ip pin g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) ,
o r d e r fillin g (see O r d e r F il le r ), o r operatin g pow er tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k
O perator).
ORD ER FILLER
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other in stru ction s.
M a y , in a d d i t i o n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
cating ite m s fille d o r om itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f o u tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e l a t e d d u t ie s .
SH IPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t
u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n it s t o b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r
o r oth e r m a t e r ia l to p re ve n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s
who a ls o m ake w ood en b ox es o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d ed .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r t in g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h elv in g , o r p la cin g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r , or w h eelba rrow .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n l o a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m aintaining o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a t e and c h e c k o n id e n ti ty o f e m p l o y e e s and
other p e r so n s en terin g.
W a tch m a n . M a k es rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N I T O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O pera tes a m an ually co n tro lle d g a s o lin e - or e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll kin ds a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, o r oth e r esta b lish m en t.

truck,

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r i c a l
o r oth er establish m en t.
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f p o w e r as f o llo w s :
F ork lift o p erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




27

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follow ing a rea s are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
Survey results are pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h i c h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at n o c o s t , w h i l e s u p p l i e s la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
s ho w n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A lask a (statew id e)
A lb a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a —
Sta n d ish —T a w a s C i t y , M i c h .
An n A r b o r , M ic h . ,
A t la n t ic C it y , N .J .
Augusta, G a.— .C .
S
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , Calif'.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M i c h .
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ea u m on t-P ort Arthun-O range
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
M oss P oin t, M is s .
B i n g h a m t o n , N .Y .
B irm in g h a m , Ala.
B l o o m i n g t o n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e rto n — helton, W ash.
S
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C edar R a pid s, Iowa
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a —R a n t o u l , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n —N o r t h C h a r l e s t o n —
W a it e r b o r o , S .C .
C h arlotte— a sto n ia , N.C.
G
Cheyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . - K y ,
C olora d o S p rin g s, C olo.
C olu m bia— u m t e r , S .C .
S
C o l u m b u s , G a .—A la .
C olum bus, M is s .
D e c a t u r , 111.
D es M o i n e s , Io w a
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
Eugene— p rin g fie ld — e d fo r d , O r e g .
S
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .




F o r t L a u d erd a le— ollyw ood
H
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a to n , F l a .
F o r t S m it h , A r k . — k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s tow n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d . —Pa.
G o l d s b o r o , N .C.
G r a n d I s la n d — a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
Guam, T e r r ito r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
L ared o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T o n o p a h , N e v.
L i m a , O h io
L it tl e R o c k —N o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .— a . —D e l.
V
M a c o n , Ga.
M a dison , W is.
M a in e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M a n s f i e l d , O h io
M cA llen — h arn-E d inbu rg
P
and B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ian, M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C it y ,
A l a . —F l a .
M o n ta n a ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v i d s o n , T e n n .
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
New H a m p s h ir e (statew id e)
N ew L o n d o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .—R .I.
N o r t h D a k o ta ( s t a t e w i d e )
N o rth e rn New Y o r k
N orthwest Texas
O rla n do, Fla.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a lif .
S
P e o r i a , 111.
Phoenix, A riz .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P u e b lo , C olo.
P u erto R ico
R a l e i g b r - D u r h a m , N .C .
R en o, Nev.
Salina, K ans.

S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
S
S a n d u s k y , O hio
San ta B a r b a r a — nta M a r i a —
Sa
L o m p o c , C a lif .
Savannah, Ga.
S e l m a , A la .
S h r e v e p o r t, La.
Sou th D akota (s t a t e w id e )
S o u t h e r n Idaho
S o u th w e st V i r g i n i a
S pokane, W ash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S t o c k t o n , C a lif .
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T o p e k a , K a ns.
T u c s o n —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , Okla.
U p p er P en in su la, M ich .
V e r m o n t (s t a t e w id e )
V i r g i n Is la n d s o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o — e d a r F a l l s , Iowa
C
W e s t V i r g i n i a ( s t a t e w id e )
W i c h i t a F a l l s —Law ton —A l t u s ,
T e x . — kla .
O
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l. —N.J .—Md.
Y a k im a —R ich la nd—K e n n e w ic k —
P en d leton , W ash.— r e g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accountants, auditors, ch ief a ccou n t­
ants, a tto rn e y s, jo b a n a ly sts, d i r e c ­
to r s of person n el, b u y ers, ch em ists,
e n g in e e r s , en gineering techn icians,
d r a fte r s, a n d c le r ic a l em p loyees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 19 8 0, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in istra tive, T ech n ica l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 7 , $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
tendent o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P rin tin g O f fic e , W ash ington,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u l l e t i n s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .

Bulletin s

m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on th e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O ffic e , W a sh ington, D .C . 20402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b l e to S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f
D ocu m en ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 t h r o u g h 1 9 7 6 , i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

A rea

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978____________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y ., Sept. 1978 1_____________
Anaheim-Santa Ana—
Garden Grove,
Calif., Oct. 1978 1_________________________________________
Atlanta, Ga., May 1978 1____________________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1978 1_______________________________
Billings, Mpnt., July 1978__________________________________
Birmingham, A la., Mar. 1978______________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1978 1_________________________ ___ ___
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1977 .............................................................. —
Canton, Ohio, May 1978____________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1978 1 ----------------------------- Chicago, 111., May 1978_____________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., July 1978_______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1978________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1978 1________________________________
Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1978____________________________
Dallas-Fort Worth, T ex., Oct. 1978 1 ______________________
Davenport—
Rock Island-Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1978--------Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1978____________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la., Aug. 1978____________________________
Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1977 1_______________________
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1978__________________________________
Fresno, Calif., June 1978 1------------------------------------------------Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1978-----------------------------------------------Green Bay, W is., July 1978 1.......................................................
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1978............................................................-..................
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C ., June 1978__________________
Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1978 1----------------------------------------------Houston, Tex., Apr. 1978___________________________________
Huntsville, A la., Feb. 1978________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1978 1--------------------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1978---------------------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1978---------------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1978------------------------------------Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1978 1--------------------Louisville, Ky.-Ind., Nov. 1977 1___________________________
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark.— iss., Nov. 1978---------------------------M




B u lletin n u m ber
and p r i c e *

2025-63, $1.00
2025-58, $1.20
2025-65,
2025-28,
2025-50,
2025-38,
2025-15,
2025-43,
1950-58,
2025-22,
2025-51,
2025-32,
2025-39,
2025-49,
2025-59,
2025-29,
2025-52,
2025-6,
2025-66,
2025-48,
1950-74,
2025-11,
2025-31,
2025-45,
2025-41,

$1.30
$1.40
$1.50
$1.00
80 cents
$1.50
$1.00
70 cents
$1.20
$1.30
$1.10
$1.30
$1.50
$ 1.00
$1.50
70 cents
$1.00
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20

2025-46,
2025-30,
202'5-14,
2025-23,
2025-4,
2025-57,
2025-1,
2025-67,
2025-53,
2025-61,
1950-66,
2025-62,

$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents
$1.50
70 cents
$1.00
$1.30
$1.50
$1.20
$1.00

A rea

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1978 1......................................................................... 2 0 2 5 - 6 0 ,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 _________________________________
2025-18,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________ 2 0 2 5 - 2 ,
N a s s a u — u ff o lk , N . Y . , June 1978 1____________________________
S
2025-33,
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1978 1_______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 7 ,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
2025-5,
N e w Y o r k , N.Y<—N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 8 1____________________________
2025-35,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
N . C . , M a y 1978_______________________________ ________________ 2 0 2 5 - 2 0 ,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . —N . C . , M a y 1978____________
H
2025-21,
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 19 7 8 ____________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 4 7 ,
O k l a h o m a C it y , O k l a . , A u g . 1978_____________________________
2025-40,
2025-56,
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t . 197 8________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1978 1 _______________ 2 0 2 5 - 3 6 ,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1978____________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 5 4 ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 3 ,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ___ ________________________________ 1 9 5 0 - 6 9 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1978____________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 2 5 ,
2025-37,
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1978 1 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K in g s t o n — e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1978 1 _____ 2 0 2 5 - 4 2 ,
N
P r o v i d e n c e - W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —
M a s s . , June 19 7 8__ ____________________________________________
2025-27,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1978______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 2 6 ,
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
2025-13,
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1977 1_______________________________
1950-72,
S a g in a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1978_____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 6 4 ,
Salt L a k e Cit y—O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
1950-68,
San A n t o n i o , Tex>* M a y 1978______ ____ _______________________
2025-17,
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1 _________________________________
1950-73,
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1_________________ 2 0 2 5 - 1 0 ,
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 1__________________________________
2025-9,
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D e c . 1977____________________________ 1 9 5 0 - 7 5 ,
South B e n d , I n d ., A u g . 1978____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 4 4 ,
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , M a y 1978 1______________________________
2025-24,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1978 1_____________________________________
2025-55,
U t ic a — o m e , N . Y . , July 19 7 8__________________________________
R
2025-34,
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
2025-12,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1978______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 1 6 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 ________________ „______________
2025-19,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1978 1__________________________________________
2025-8,

* Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishm ent practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

$ 1.30
$ 1.40
$ 1 .40
$ 1.30
$ 1 .40

$ 1.00
$ 1.50
70 c e n t s
80 c e n t s
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$ 1.20
$ 1.30

$

1.10

70 ce n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1.10
$ 1.20
$ 1.40
80 c e n ts
$ 1.20
$ 1.00
$ 1.00
80 ce n ts
70 c e n ts
$ 1.10
$ 1.40
$ 1.20
80 ce n ts
$ 1.00
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 00
$ 1.40
80 c e n t s
$ 1.10
$ 1.10

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau off Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y 10036
Phone. 399-5406 (A reaC o de212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St , N E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G ritfin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102