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zz>. 9 :

J‘

Area
Wage
Survey

° ^v

Bulletin 1950- 67




Jacksonvilie, Florida,
Metropolitan Area
December 1977

Preface
T h i s b u ll e tin p r o v i d e s re s u lt s of a D e c e m b e r 1977 s u r v e y of o c c u ­
pational earnin gs in the J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l o r i d a , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a ­
tistical A rea .
T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p art of the B ureau of L a b o r S ta ­
t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was conducted by the B u re a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A tla n ta, G a . , under the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of J e r r y G.
A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e ration s .
T h e s u r v e y could
not have been a c c o m p l i s h e d without the c o o p e r a t i o n of the m a n y f i r m s wh ose
w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b asis f o r the s ta tis tic a l i n f o r m a ti o n in
this bulletin.
T h e B u re au w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the
c o o p e r a ti o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in this pub li cation is in the public d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m en t.
P lease cred it




the B ureau
publication.

of

Labor

S ta tis tic s

and

cite

the

name

and

number

of

this

Note:

A r e p o r t on occupational e arn in g s and su p p lem e n ta ry w age p r o v i ­
sions in the J a c k s o n v ille a r e a is a v a i l a b l e f o r the l i f e insuran ce indus try
( D e c e m b e r 197 6).
R e p o r t s on occup ational e arn in g s only a r e a v a ila b le f o r
the m ov in g and s t o r a g e and laun d ry and d r y c le anin g industr ies (D e c e m b e r
1977).
A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e lis ti n g s of union w a g e rate s f o r building t r a d e s ,
prin ting t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t op e r a tin g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l tr u c k d r i v e r s and
h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s of th ese a r e a v a ila b le
f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See bac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
February 1978
Bulletin 1950-67

Jacksonville, Florida,
Metropolitan Area
December 1977
Contents

Page

2

Intr od uction
T ab les:
A.

E a r n in g s , all e s ta b lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k l y e arn in g s of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s of p r o f e s ­
sional and techn ic a l w o r k e r s ------- 5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
te chnic al w o r k e r s , b y s e x -----------6
A - 4 . H o u r l y e arning s of m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p ow e r p la n t w o r k e r s --------------------8
A -5 .

A-6.

A -7.

Ap p end ix A ,
Ap p end ix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




H o u r l y e a r n i n g s of m a t e r i a l

m o v e m e n t and custodial
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------9
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e arnings o f
m ainte nance, t o o l r o o m ,
p ow e rp lant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and c usto d ia l w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x ------------------------------------------ 10
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
ho u r ly e a r n in g s ,a d ju s te d f o r
e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s , f o r s e ­
l e c te d occupational g r o u p s --------------l l
Scope and method o f s u r v e y -------------12
Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s ------------- 15

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 74 in which the U.S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r ' s Bureau
o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts s u r v e y s o f occup atio nal earnings and r e la te d
b e ne fits . (See lis t o f a r e a s on in s id e back c o v e r . ) In each a r e a , occupational
e arn in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) are c o l l e c t e d annually. In fo r m a tio n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) is
obtained e v e r y th ird y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s tab les.

Each y e a r a f t e r a ll in div id ual a r e a w a g e s u r ve y s have been c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y bulle tins a r e is sued.
T h e f i r s t b rin gs t o g e t h e r data
f o r each m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the second p re s e n ts national and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m indiv id ual m e t r o p o l i ta n a r e a data, f o r
all Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the United St ate s, excluding
A l a s k a and H awaii .

A m a j o r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f la b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro ugh the a n alys is o f (1) the l e v e l and d is trib ution o f w a g e s by occup ation,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by occup ational c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . The
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s i n f o r m a ti o n that m a y be used f o r many p u r p o s e s , including
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and as s is ta n c e in
d e te r m in in g plant lo c atio n . S u rv e y r esult s als o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t ­
men t o f L a b o r to m ak e w a g e d e te rm in a t io n s under the S e r v i c e C ontra ct Act
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta bles
T a b l e s A - 1 th ro ugh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s ti m a te s o f s tr a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly
o r ho urly e arnings f o r w o r k e r s in occup ations c om m o n to a v a r i e t y of
manufactu ring and nonm anufacturing in d u s tr ie s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r ve y
a r e a s , ta b les A - 8 through A-1 3 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r establishm en ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e rc e n t changes in a v e r a g e hourly earnings
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , industr ial
n u rs e s , s k i l l e d m ainte n ance tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and un skil led plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r all in d u s tr ie s and f o r m an u fac ­
tu ring and nonm anufacturing s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n te d f o r sk illed
m ainte n ance w o r k e r s in nonm anufacturin g b e ca u s e the number of w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this occupational gro up in nonmanufacturing is too s m a l l to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tion .
T h is ta ble p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e of wag e
tre nd s a f t e r e lin im a tio n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s caused by e m p l o y ­
m ent shifts am ong e s ta b lis h m en ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f esta blishm en ts
included in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r th e r d e ta i l s , see appendix A.
Ap pendix es
Appendix A d e s c r i b e s the m et hods and concepts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a ti o n on the scop e of the s u r ve y .
Appendix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r ip tio n s used by Bureau f i e l d e c o n o ­
m is t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occ up ation.




office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o rk ers
$

80
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

$

90

r e c e iv in g

$
10 0

$
1 10

s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
$

120

s

$

13 0

140

e a r n in g s

S

$
150

16 0

o f ---

$
170

$
180

$
1 90

$
200

$
2 10

$

$
220

23 0

s

$

240

2 60

s
280

$

3 00

and

under

90

10 0

110

120

130

14 0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

300

29

50
2
48
3

16 0
13
147
5

101
9
92

84
15
69

83
16
67

64
11
53

-

92
12
80
2

41
10
31
5

31
4
27
3

26
6
20
7

50
3
47
32

20
2
18
16

10
10

13
13

7
3

4
3

2
i

7
7

8
5

8
8

3
3

7
6

1
1

-

32
31
5

11
11

29
24

35
30

24
21

23
19

~

7
7
1

13
12
1

7
7

~

*

18
18
13

11
11
9

2
2
2

18
2
16

5
2
3

2

16

2

16

7

-

-

-

“

$
38.5 191.00
40. G 1 9 9.00
38.5 190.00
38.5 258.50

$
$
$
182.00 162.50-211.00
197.00 178.00-215.00
180.00 160.00-210.00
273.00 249.50-280.50

81
71

39.0
39.0

206.00
208.00

195.50
195.50

170.00-234.00
170.00-238.00

230
211
31

38.5
38.5
38.0

205.50
206.50
259.50

197.50
197.50
274.50

179.50-222.00
177.00-225.50
266.50-280.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

347
30
317

36.5
40.0
38.5

194.00
205.50
193.00

185.00
207.00
180.00

160.00-211.00
187.50-214.00
160.00-210.50

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

11

26

16
1
15

15

54
4
50

39
1
38

19
2
17

30
6
24

37
5
32

28
5
23

15
1
14

7
1
6

7

30 3
49
254

38.5
40.0
38.5

172.50
194.00
168.00

167.00
192.00
164.50

148.00-185.00
169.50-223.00
145.00-182.00

38
2
36

26
2
24

26
2
24

58
8
50

37
8
29

33
1
32

13
3
10

20
7
13

4
2
2

9
6
3

2
2
*

9
6
3

3 34
26
3 08

39.5
40.0
39.5

210.50
167.50
214.50

220.50
158.00
220.50

149.50-266.50
144.00-190.50
150.00-272.00

27
4
23

11
5
6

12
3
9

14
2
12

-

6
3
3

14
1
13

1

70
3
67

16

13

16

232

39.0
39.0

213.50
216.00

220.50
221.00

148.00-272.00
150.50-273.00

2
2

4
4

67
67

86

39.5
39.5

204.50
210.00

200.00
200.00

150.00-250.00
150.00-254.50

-

4
1

10
9

1
1

3
“

145
14 0

38.0
38.0

155.00
154.00

140.00
140.00

127.00-167.50
123.00-163.50

1

-

-

-

”

"

37 5
360

38.0
38.0

135.00
134.00

126.00
122.00

110.00-141,00
110.00-138.00

-

3
3

1
1

21
21

70
70

38.0
38.0

167.00
167.00

158.00
158.00

121.00-220.50
121.00-220.50

3
3

“

21
21

30 5
290

38.0
38.0

127.50
126.00

120.00
116.00

110.00-135.00
110.00-135.00

5 39
5 38
35

38.0
38.0
39.0

119.50
119.50
235.50

109.00
109.00
236.50

115
115
30

38.0
38.0
38.5

142.50
142.50
229.00

411
410

38.0
38.0

110.50
110.00

984
108
876
78

222
102

320

and

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

29

64
2
62

59
3
56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

“

-

-

10
10
“

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

16

-

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

-

2

16

-

-

-

1

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

29

28
5
23

-

-

4
4
“

15
-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

19
19

25
23

14
11

5
4

8
5

4
3

-

-

-

-

10
10

3
”

13
12

6
2

4
4

10
9

-

-

“

-

-

7
7

14
14

22
22

24
24

25
25

12
12

6
5

9
9

7
4

1
1

26
26

45
45

92
92

56
56

56
56

26
17

18
17

6
6

15
10

i
i

-

_

-

11
11

6
6

5
5

3
3

11
11

1
1

3
3

-

-

4
4

-

-

26
26

41
41

81
81

50
50

51
51

23
14

7
6

5
5

12
7

i
i

-

-

98.00-121.00
98.00-120.50
201.50-270.00

23
23

122
12 2

138
138

117
117

41
41

22
22

13
13

6
6

“

~

~

“

1
1
1

b

“

4
4
3

5
5

~

15
14
1

109.50
109.50
230.00

101.00-176.00
101.00-176.00
201.50-260.00

7
7

14
14

37
37

6
6

7
7
“

5
5

1
1

“

3
3
1

“

1
1
1

108.00
107.50

98.00-116.50
98.00-116.50

108
108

101
101

111
111

34
34

17
17

9
9

9
8

1
1

-

"

16
16

3

“

5
5

-

”

4
4
3

-

-

5
5

“

1
-

7

over

4

22
22
3

-

4
2

4
4
2
2
~

7

3
3
36

12

-

13

44
44

36

12

~

5
5

5
5

43
43

28
28

2
2

“

11
ii

8
8

1
1

8
8

10
10

“

4
4

4
4

8
8

1
1

-

-

“

-

2
2

-

7
7

-

-

~

”

2
2

-

~
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

~

7
7

8
7

1
1
1

3
3
2

3
3
3

6
6
6

9
9
9

2
2
2

7
7
7

1
1
1

2
2
2

2
2
2

6
6
6

7
7
7

-

“

-

-

”

“

1
1

“

3 20

“

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

”

~

-

-

-

“

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
wodcen

Average
weekly
houn1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o rk e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
%

$
80

Me“ 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

$
90

$

$
110

100

s

s
12 0

13 0

S
140

$
150

$
160

$
17 0

$
1 90

$
200

%

$
2 10

220

$
2 30

$
290

s

$
260

2 80

$
300

320

and
100

110

12 0

13 0

19 0

150

160

170

180

29
29

90

$
180

44
44

12
12

11
9

16
15

26
23

5
5

11
9

3
3

19 0

200

210

2 20

230

1
1

1
1

1
1

”

5
5

-

-

-

290

260

280

3
3
4
4

-

-

1

320

over

~

1
1

3 00

“

2
2

“

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
MESSENGERS --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

169
156

39.0
38.5

$
131.00
130.50

$
120.00
118.50

$
$
105.00-198.50
105.00-196.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

105
99

39.0
39.0

141.00
190.50

139.50
138.00

118.00-198.00
117.50-198.00

-

SWITCHBOARD OPE RA TOR-RECE P T I ON I S T S HANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2 09
53
156

39.5
90.0
39.0

133.50
1 9 5 . OU
129.00

132.00
190.00
125.00

112.00-199.50
126.00-152.00
110.00-192.50

ORDER CLERKS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

161
31
1 30

40.0
40.0
90.0

193.00
153.50
140.50

190.00
190.00
190.00

ORDER C LERKS* CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

195
123

90.0 137.50
90. 0 1 3 8 . 0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1.070
21 6
859

ACCOUNTING C LERK S. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

6
6

15
15

9
9

9
9

18
17

23
20

8
8

5
4

3
3

2
1

-

5
5

18
18

52
5
97

27
13
19

36
8
28

2 1
9
12

29
8
16

16
3
13

-

3
3

-

-

125.00-158.00
110.00-191.50
125.00-152.00

-

1
1

19
6
8

17
3
19

19
19

17
2
15

9 1
7
39

21
~
21

17
1
16

-

10
3
7

190.00
190.00

120.00-150.00
122.50-150.00

-

1
1

19
8

17
19

19
19

17
15

9 1
39

21
21

17
16

-

-

“

38.5 155.00
90. 0 169.00
38.5 153.00

196.00
165.50
191.00

126.50-175.00
196.50-179.50
121.00-175.00

-

19

83
83

91
9
82

122
17
10 5

152
18
139

11 9
26
88

68
12
56

82
27
55

99
59
95

320
93
227

38.5
40.0
38.0

185.00
180.50
187.00

179.50
170.00
180.50

157.00-210.00
170.00-191.00
151.50-225.50

-

-

-

-

16
16

10
2
8

25
2
23

32
4
28

26
8
18

ACCOUNTING C LERK S. CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

750
123
62 7

38.5 192.50
90. 0 1 5 2.00
38.5 190.50

135.00
198.00
133.00

119.50-160.00
130.00-165.50
116.00-159.50

-

19
19

83
83

91
9
82

10 6
17
89

19 2
16
126

89
29
65

36
8
28

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

75
28
97

90.0
90.0
39.5

151.00
169.50
193.00

160.00
168.00
195.00

129.00-170.00
195.00-181.00
120.00-169.50

_

-

9

-

3
3

”

9

~

~

13
9
4

-

“

12
12

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------

25

90. 0 1 3 9 . 5 0

129.00

108.50-190.00

-

-

9

-

6

3

i

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

50
28

39.5
39.5

159.50
155.50

160.00
160.00

195.00-170.00
195.00-170.00

_

_

_

_

6
6

_

“

PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

118
90
78

39.0
90.0
38.5

165.50
170.00
163.50

160.00
162.50
160.00

150.00-189.50
198.50-188.00
150.00-180.00

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

829
81
793
103

39.0 160.50
90. 0 1 6 2 . 5 0
39.0 160.50
38.5 258.00

150.00
160.00
199.00
281.50

130.00-172.00
199.00-179.00
128.50-170.00
229.00-281.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

26 1
25
2 36

39.0
90.0
39.0

169.00
185.50
167.50

163.50
178.50
159.50

196.00-175.50
169.00-213.00
192.00-173.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

563
56
50 7

39.0
90.0
39.0

157.00
152.00
157.50

193.00
150.00
191.00

125.00-163.00
192.50-160.50
123.00-169.00

19

“

-

~

“

~
-

-

3

11

~

-

-

3

11

69
69

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




16
16

4

93
93

-

-

12
12

39
2
37

8
8

5
5

1

-

1

-

13
3
10

6
6

39
2
37

8

2
2

-

_
-

8

-

-

29

_
-

-

3
3

1
~
1

_
-

29

6
6

-

_
-

-

-

-

“

“

i

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

98
19
39

27
16
11

38
4
39

25
19
11

92
3
39

60
93
17

32
9
23

8
5
3

25
4
21

18
11
7

56
19
37

39
11
28

16
5
11

19
11
8

13
13

7
3
4

15
5
10

10
10

6
6

6
5
1

”

1
i

-

1

1

-

3

-

12

_

9
9

3

_

“

19
9

6

3

26
8
18

17
19

7
2
5

20
8
12

90
20
70

59
10
99

25
9
21
1

110
19
96

-

_

-

110
19
96
1

-

-

3
-

109

-

-

-

69

~

-

-

11

~

-

1

-

3

~

“

-

“

-

4

~

~

-

1

3
3

5
9
1

109

-

“

12
12

69

-

3
3

3

3

1

106
8
98
1

3

39
2
37

19

55

50

19

55

95

71
12
59

96
19
82

51
8

90
15
25

5

93

1

1

-

2
2

4
i
3

9
1
7
7

19

“

19
1
13
8

8

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2

19
3
16

“

-

-

-

“

8
1

4

7

3

i

5

3

22

17

11

10

9
18

10

1

10

7

58

-

1

3

~

10
10

-

7
7

-

“
-

58
58

2
2

51

2

_

51

2

10

7

-

-

10

7

7

_

_

_

16

-

-

1
1

16

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

3

11

-

7

7

19
17

2
1

9
1
3

-

~

2

3

32
6
26

19

-

~

3
3

3

“

1
1

3

11

”

2
2
”

3

3

-

1
1

2
2
“

2
2

-

”

-

7

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—

We e k l y earnings
(standard)

<

Av e r a ge
weekl y
ho me 1

Occupation and industry division

110
and
under
120

(standard)

ALL
COMPUTER

ANALYSTS

SYSTEMS

(BU SINESS).

B

COMPUTER
C

86
86

371
360
202
194
45
45

3 9 .0 2 1 6 .5 0 2 1 5 .0 0 1 9 2 .5 0 -2 4 0 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 16 .5 0 2 15 .0 0 1 9 2 .5 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS).

(BUSINESS).

----------------------------------

4 30
42
388

-----

OPERATORS.

NONHANUFACTURING

CLASS

A

----------------------

OPERATORS.

MANUFACTURING

CLASS

B

-----------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

----------------------

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

160
170

$

1 70
180

t

1 80
1 90

1

190
200

I

200
210

$

210
220

i

2 20

I

240

t

2 60

S

2 80

$

300

t

3 20

S

340

t

360

240

260

28Q

3 00

3 20

340

360

380

1
1

20
20

22
22

34
34

27
27

40
36

34
31

39
38

6
6

24
24

10
10

20
16

28
25

«

3 80

22
21

MANUFACTURING

--------------------

---------------------------

2
2

8
8

48
26

2
2

12
12

16
16

10
10

17
17

18
18

4
4

t

400

400 o ver

-

21

10
9

32
4
28

21

37
37

62
60

60
58

78
77

38
33

17
17

7
7

10
10

15
15

31
31

35
35

28

30

38
37

24
19

9
9

2

5
5

6
6

6
6

6
6

6
6

4
4

42
2
40

37
5
32

40
12
28

22
2
20

76
7
69

19
4
15

12
1
11

11

-

6

11

4
1
3

-

-

7
3

8
7

2
2

11
11

3
2

2
2

6
6

4
3

16
3
13

9
1
8

5

11
11

11

37

29
2
27

4

1

24
24

14
2
12

27
2
25

36
2
34

29
1
28

25
11
14

16
2
14

30
7
23

9
9

14
14

4
2

4
4

1
1

7
7

4
4

35
35

4
4

17
1
16

23
9
14

18
7
11

16
8
8

11
10
1

48
5
43

32
15
17

21
9
12

10
9
1

-

1

3
3
-

4
4

9

-

6
4

17
6

7
-

9
8

i
-

3
3

1 4

3 9 .0 1 9 5 .0 0 189 .0 0 1 6 8 .5 0 - 2 18 .0 0
4 0 . 0 2 07 .0 0 2 0 6 .0 0 1 9 7 .5 0 - 2 2 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 9 3 .5 0 186 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

7

3

-

-

2
2

8
8

7

3

11
11
10
4
6

i
i

1
1

37

-

-

-

1

2 8 3 .5 0
2 89 .5 0

2
2

2
2

-

2

-

-

-

1
1

28
1
27

-

1
1

2

4
4

41
2
39

11

22
22

2

2

2
2

3
3

16
16

4
4

1
1

16
15

5
5

2

9
-

3 9 .5 2 3 0 .0 0 2 2 1 .5 0 1 9 5 .0 0 -2 6 8 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 3 3 .5 0 2 22 .0 0 1 9 8 .5 0 -2 7 8 .5 0

4 0 .0 2 61 .5 0 2 58 .5 0 2 4 1 .5 0 4 0 .0 2 6 4 .0 0 2 5 2 .5 0 2 2 5 .5 0 -

1
1

6
6

3
3

2

2

3 9 .0 1 9 8 .5 0 1 94 .0 0 1 6 8 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
4 0 . 0 2 0 6 . 0 0 200.00 1 9 1 . 0 0 - 2 2 2 . 5 0
3 9 .0 1 9 7 .5 0 1 91 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 30 .0 0

3 9 .5 2 1 9 .0 0 2 27 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 4 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 3 0 .0 0 2 2 4 .0 0 1 9 4 .5 0 -2 6 0 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 1 2 .5 0 2 2 7 .0 0 1 8 4 .0 0 - 2 3 0 .0 0

1
1

2
2

3 9 .0 1 89 .0 0 1 83 .5 0 1 5 2 .0 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 8 9 .5 0 1 8 6 .0 0 1 5 2 .0 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
218
81
137

—

A

274
32
242

----------------------

NONHANUFACTURING
CLASS

56
48

C

------------------------

DRAFTERS.

------

----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

DRAFTERS

S

3 9 .0 2 6 2 .5 0 2 66 .5 0 2 3 2 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 6 1 .0 0 2 59 .5 0 2 3 1 .5 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

(BUSINESS)

------------------------------------

OPERATORS

COMPUTER

150 160

3 8 .5 2 6 7 .5 0 2 69 .5 0 2 3 8 .5 0 -2 9 1 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 6 6 .5 0 2 69 .0 0 2 3 5 .5 0 -2 9 1 .5 0

----------

---------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

140

$

1 40 150
_

3 8 .5 2 9 6 .0 0 3 0 0 .5 0 2 6 9 .0 0 -3 2 5 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 9 6 .0 0 3 0 0 .5 0 2 6 9 .0 0 -3 2 5 .0 0

C

-----------------

PROGRAMMERS

NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

t

3 8 .5 3 29 .0 0 3 36 .0 0 2 9 2 .5 0 -3 6 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 3 28 .0 0 3 36 .0 0 2 9 2 .0 0 -3 6 1 .0 0

---------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

120

PROGRAMMERS

COMPUTER

CLASS

129

ANALYSTS

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

----------

B

CLASS

NONHANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

130
_

$

-----------------

ANALYSTS

CLASS

SYSTEMS

(BU SINESS).

130

S

3 8 .5 3 30 .5 0 329•50 2 9 1 .5 0 -3 6 5 .0 0
3 8 .5 3 3 0 .5 0 3 27 .0 0 2 8 9 .0 0 -3 6 5 .0 0

------------

NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

$

258
249

--------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

120
_

UORKERS

SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS)

S

-

-

5

6

-

2

3

2

3

-

2

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

“

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

8

--------------------

68

4 0 .0 2 2 5 .0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 -

2 53 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

12

14

4

2

15

14

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

C

--------------------

53

4 0 .0 1 7 9 .0 0 180 .0 0 1 7 0 .5 0 -

1 90 .0 0

-

-

-

7

-

2

17

16

6

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32

3 9 .5 2 5 2 .0 0 2 44 .0 0 2 4 2 .5 0 -

2 62 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

3

15

6

4

-

-

-

-

1

-

REGISTERED

INDUSTRIA L

NURSES

210.00

See footnotes at end of tables.




5

Table A -3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977
Average
(mean2)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

UFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Numb e r
of
workers

We e k l y
hours
standard)

We e k l y

Average
( mean2)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

earni ngs *
( standard)

workers

r IEN

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

WOMEN—
MESSENGERS

-------------------------------------------------

8B

3 9 .0

83

3 9 .0

1 3 5.5 0

--------------------------------

38

3 9 .5

1 9 1.5 0

26

3 9 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

29

3 9 .0

1 8 1 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

CLERKS

We e k l y

We e k l y

hours
( standard)

Av e r a ge
( mea n2)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

earni ngs*
( standard)

-

NONMANUFACTURING

OFFICE

CONTINUED

OCCUPATIONS

WOMEN—

--------------------------

F IL E

CLERKS

FILE

-

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH
-------------------------------

108

3 8 .0

*136.00

---------------------------------------

108

3 8 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

-------------------------------

4 09

3 8 .0

---------------------------------------

408

3 8 .0

1 1 0.0 0

---------------------------------------------------------------

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

CLERKS*

CLASS

B

-

FILE

CLERKS.

B

CLASS

-

WOMEN

------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

---------------------

U T IL IT IE S

MESSENGERS

C

76

3 8 .5

1 2 5 .5 0

---------------------------------------

73

3 8 .5

----------------

982

3 8 .5

108

4 0 .0

1 9 0 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

874

3 8 .5

OPERATORS

KEYPUNCH

-

O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------

76

3 8 .5

2 5 7 .0 0

S U I T C H B 0 A RD

105

3 9 .0

KEYPUNCH

3 9 .0

1 4 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 0 6 .5 0

70

3 9 .0

-------------

230

3 8 .5

2 0 5 .5 0

MANUFACTURING

---------------------

211

3 8 .5

2 0 6 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------

31

3 8 .0

346

3 8 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

4 0 . 0

1 9 2.5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

OPERATORS.

CLERKS

C

-------------------------------------------------

30
316

C L A S i

D

-------------

303
49

3 8 .5

1 7 2.5 0

40 . 0

254

3 8 .5

1 6 8.0 0

-------------------------------------

3 26

3 9 .5

2 0 9 .5 0

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

26

4 0 .0

156

3 9 .0

1 2 9 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

156

4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0

28

4 0 .0

3 9 .0

2 1 3 .0 0

--------

224

3 9 .0

2 1 1 .5 0

---------------------

214

3 9 .0

4 0 . C

1 4 0 .5 0

126

GENERAL

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

--------------------------------------------

1.03 2

3 8 .5

1 5 4.0 0

(B U S IN E S S ).

204

4 0 .0

1 6 2 .5 0

NONHANUFACTURING

NONHANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

8 28

3 8 .5

311

3 8 .5

1 8 4 .0 0

-----------------------------------------------

90

4 0 .0

221

3 8 .0

1 8 6.0 0

721

3 8 .5

1 4 1 .0 0

COMPUTER

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

A

---------------------------------------

CLERKS,

CLASS

B

---------------

-----------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

114

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 9 .0 0

OPERATORS

------------

75

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

28

4 0 .0

---------------------

354

3 8 .0

1 3 1 .5 0

------------------------

69

3 8 .0

ANALYSTS
C

-------------------------------

75

3 8 .5

2 9 9 .0 0

---------------------------------------

75

3 8 .5

2 9 9 .0 0

-------

283

3 8 .5

2 7 3 .5 0

---------------------------------------

275

3 8 .5

2 7 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 4 3 .0 0

B

157

3 9 .0

2 6 7 .0 0

150

3 9 .0

2 6 6 .0 0

(B U S IN E S S )

PROGRAMMERS

(B U S IN E S S ).

---------------------------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

COMPUTER
C

PROGRAMMERS

COMPUTER

(B U S IN E S S ).
31

3 9 .0

2 2 3 .0 0

---------------------------------------

31

3 9 .0

2 2 3 .0 0

------------------------------------------

277

3 9 .0

2 0 2 .0 0

---------------------------------------

255

3 9 .0

2 0 1 .0 0

---------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
OPERATORS

1 6 6 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE
NONM ANUFACTURING

T YP IS T S

B O O KK E E PIN G -M ACH INE
CLASS

A

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------

25

1 3 4 .5 0

COMPUTER

CLASS

B

50

3 9 .5

1 5 9.5 0

---------------------------------------

28

3 9 .5

1 5 5 .5 0

----------------------------------------------------

112

3 9 .0

1 6 5 .0 0

35

4 0 .0

1 6 8 .5 0

77

3 8 .5

CLASS

A

---------------------

69

3 8 .0

1 6 6.5 0

------------------------

300

3 8 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

---------------------

285

3 8 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING

PAYROLL

CLERKS

MANUFACTURING
T Y P IS T S .

CLASS

B

NONHANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------

PUBLIC

---------------------

U T IL IT IE S

----------------

-----------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

COMPUTER

OPERATORS

527

3 8 .0

1 1 7 .0 0

MANUFACTURING

5 26

3 8 .0

1 1 7 .0 0

NONHANUFACTURING

25

3 8 .5

2 2 7 .5 0

PUBLIC

2 3 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

2 3 6.5 0

------------

185

3 9 .0

198.0 0

---------------------------------------

168

3 9 .0

1 9 7.5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

----------------------------------

807

3 9 .0

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e nd o f ta b le s .

6

CLASS

B

------------

43

3 9 .0

---------------------------------------

43

3 9 .0

1 7 9.0 0

----------------- --------------------------------------------------

165

4 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

NONHANUFACTURING

1 6 1 .0 0

M ANUFACTURING

78

4 0 .0

1 6 1 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

729

3 9 .0

102

3 8 .5

2 5 7 .5 0

CLASS

C

1 6 1 .0 0
DRAFTERS.

CLASS

M ANUFACTURING




3 9 .5

44

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING

DRAFTERS
KEYPUNCH

CLERKS

NONMANUFACTURING

49

A

1 6 3 .5 0

--------------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
T Y P IS T S .

------------

CLASS

OPERATORS.

77

4 0 .0

2 3 2 .0 0

---------------------------------------

88

3 9 .5

2 1 1 .0 0

---------------------------------------

48

4 0 .0

2 6 1 .5 0

-----------------------------------------------

26

•P
©

NONHANUFACTURING

BO O KK E E PIN G -M ACH INE

---------------------------------------

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING

F IL E

3 3 2.5 0

2 6 4 .0 0

-----------------------------------------------

A

o

1 3 2 .5 0

3 3 3 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 6 4 .5 0

47

o

3 8 .0

3 8 .5

93

1 5 0 .0 0

607

■P
o

369

102

PROGRAMMERS

COMPUTER

CLASS
M ANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------

B

CLASS

NONHANUFACTURING

CLASS
ACCOUNTING

SYSTEMS

NONMANUFACTURING

TYPIS TS

3 3 3.5 0

1 7 9.0 0

---------------------------------------

CLERKS.

2 1 0 .0 0

1 5 5.0 0

3 3 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

---------------

NONMANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

2 0 4 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

205

MEN

---------------------------------------

CLASS

-----------------------------------------------

CLERKS

3 9 .5

3 8 .0

214

TECHNICAL
-

1 3 3.0 0

3 9 .5

3 8 .0

15 7.5 0

ANALYSTS

1 3 7 .5 0

86

140

150.5 0

3 9 .0

---------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING

4 0 .0

102

145

4 0 .0

ANALYSTS

4 0 .0

-----------

---------------------

53

------------------------------------------------------------

121

---------------------

SENIO R

SYSTEMS

143

B O O KK E E PIN G -M ACH INE
NONM ANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

----------------------------

B

2 1 4 .5 0

---------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

STENOGRAPHERS.

1 5 7.0 0

498

---------------------------

AND

---------------------------------------

CLASS

MANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS.

3 9 .0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0

300

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

PROFESSIONAL

(B U S IN E S S ).
CLERKS.

MANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS

16 8.0 0

551

B

1 4 5 .0 0

1 9 4.0 0

---------------------

---------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

CLASS

-----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

(BU SINE SS)

MANUFACTURING
MANUFACTURING

18 5.5 0

3 8 .5

1 3 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

2 0 5 .5 0

3 8 .5

B

CLASS

NONM ANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

53

2 5 9 .5 0

-------------

209

2 0 6 .5 0

ORDER

SECRETARIES.

-----------------------------------------------

80

U T IL IT IE S

M ANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

O PERATO R-RECEPTIO NISTS-

-------------

A

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

169*50

4 0 .0

231

A

---------------------------

OCCUPATIONS
SWITCHBOARD

CLASS

-----------------------------------

1 4 1 .0 0

99

NONHANUFACTURING

ORDER

SECRETARIES.

3 9 .0

25

CONTINUED

OPERATORS.

M ANUFACTURING

1 8 9 .5 0

---------------------

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES.

256

-

1 2 4 .5 0

MANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES.

We e k l y
earni ngs1
(standard)

CONTINUED

MANUFACTURING
OCCUPATIONS

NONHANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES

We e k l y
hours
( standard)

1 1 0 .5 0

CLERKS,

NONMANUFACTURING
OFFICE

of
workers

NONMANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

Numb e r

1 3 6*0 0

--------------------------

Numb e r
of

Table A -3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977— Continued
Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTERS

-

-

AND

We e k l y
hours
( standard)

We e k l y
ear ni ngs1
( standard)

C O NTI

n

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

PROFESSIONAL

T E CH N IC AL

MEN—

OCCUPATIONS

UEC

CONTINUED

c o m p u t e r

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

B

---------------------------------------

61

AO. 0

$
2 2 7 .3 0

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

C

---------------------------------------

A3

A 0 .0

1 7 7.3 0

Average
( m e a n 2)

Av e r a ge
(mean2)

Average
( me a n 2)
Numb e r
of
workers

-

COMPUTER

-

We e k l y
earni ngs1
( standard)

OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER

ANALYSTS

NONHANUFACTURING
AND

OCCUPATIONS

TECHNICAL
-

COMPUTER

NOMEN

PROGRAMMERS

NONHANUFACTURING

-------------------------------

27

3 7 .5

$
3 1 3 .5 0

---------------------------------------

27

3 7 .5

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

(B U SINE S S)

COMPUTER

ANALYSTS

------------------------------------------------------------

-------

88

3 8 .5

2 A 7 .50

---------------------------------------

83

3 8 .5

NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

3 8 .0

3 1 A .50

CLASS

AA

3 8 .0

3 1 A .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

b

(B U S IN E S S ).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b l e s .




We e k l y
hours
( standard)

We e k l y
earni ngs1
( standard)

TECHNICAL
CONTINUED

-----------------------------------------

153

3 9 .0

$
19 1.5 0

---------------------------------------

133

3 9 .0

1 9 0.0 0
1 8 8.5 0

------------

89

3 9 .0

---------------------------------------

7A

3 9 .0

18A .0 0

,

------------

57

3 9 .0

1 9 6.5 0

---------------------------------------

55

3 8 .5

1 9 7.5 0

---------------

32

3 9 .5

2 5 2 .0 0

OPERATORS.

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

B

o p e r a t o r s

c l a s s

C

2 A 6 .5 0

(B U S IN E S S )

PROGRAMMERS

AA

Numb e r
of
workers

3 1 3.5 0

B

NONMANUFACTURING
REGISTERED

COMPUTER

AND

WOMEN—

OPERATORS

COMPUTER
PROFESSIONAL

-

NONMANUFACTURING

CO NTINUED

CLASS

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

PROFESSIONAL

CONTINUED

a n a l y s t s

SYSTEMS

(B U S IN E S S ).

We e k l y
hours
( standard)

TECHNICAL

WOMEN—

s y s t e m s

(BUSINESS)

AND

Numb e r
of
workers

7

A3

3 8 .5

2 A 6 .0 0

AA

3 8 .5

2 AA.5 0

INDUSTRIAL

NURSES

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977
Hourly earnings *

Number

of

workers

receiving

straight-tim e

h o u rly earnin gs

of—

s

$

$

s

s

6.00

6.40

6 • 80

7 . 20

%
7.60

$

5.20

$
5.60

$

4 .80

$
5.00

8 . 00

8.40

8.80

9.20

9.60

.00

5.20

5.60

6.00

6.40

6.80

7 .20

7. 60

8.00

8 . 40

8.80

• 20

9.60

over

2

2

7

2

1

12

13

5

16

1

16

8

7

_

40

46

_

4

16

1

15

8

-

-

40

46

-

_

_

_

7

27

_

-

-

6

27

-

11

-

12

14

_
-

s
of
workers

Occupation and industry divisio n

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

t

S

S

$

$

s

3.00
Mean 2

$
3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

3.40

3.80

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

1

1

*

6

2

_

_

_

_

-

_

6

1

3

-

-

-

-

~

-

6

1

3

2

-

1

_

1

3

_

_

2

i ---------- 1—

and
under
3.20

ALL

WORKERS
49

$
7.29

$
8.41

$
6 .0 8 -

$
9.00

“

------------------------

149

7.80

8.41

6 .93 -

9.01

_

--------------------------------------------

140

7.83

8 . 41

6 .93 -

9.01

----------------------------------

50

7.69

8.95

6 .20 -

9.01

-------------------------------------------

38

8.47

9.01

8 .41 -

9.01

77

7.55

7.59

7 .19-

8.41

MAINTENANCE

CARPENTERS

MAINTENANCE

ELECTRIC IANS

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

PAINTERS

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

MACHINISTS

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE
(MOTOR

-----------------------------

--------------------------------------------

-

“

-

-

-

_

5

_

1

1

-

-

_

-

9

19

6

-

-

-

5

-

1

*

-

9

19

6

6

-

12

14

11

_

9

_

6

64

30

40

57

28

52

-

-

4

28

60

8

-

-

9

-

9

-

6

64

30

40

57

28

52

-

4

28

60

8

-

-

-

4

-

3

-

4

10

16

127

56

31

18

9

-

4
-

-

1

-

4

10

9

48

24

7

1

i
-

14

-

17
-

18

-

2

12

2

-

7

79

32

24

18

8

17

1

16

2

7.40

7 .09 -

8.60

-

-

6 . 19

5 .25-

7.64

-

-

395

6.62

6 . 19

5 .25-

8.18

-

-

-----------------------------------------

330

6.39

6.05

5. 79-

6.71

-

-------------------------------------------

122

6.07

5.79

5.60-

6.17

-

--------------------------------------------

_

1

-

-

7.55
6.59

-

_

2

-

72

(M ACHINERY)

-

3
3

2

399

MECHANICS

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

2

MECHANICS

VEHICLES)

MANUFACTURING

NONHANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

208

6.58

6 . 15

o . uu

/.

5 .85'*

' U

7.15

8

8.71

STATIONARY

8.68

8.60

8 .4 1 -

9.24

35

A L. Q
4.69

4.75

3 .97-

5.25

1

1

8

----------------------------------

64

6.98

6.96

6 .01 -

7.60

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

3

1

4

7

7

5

14

6

4

------------------------------------

43

6.47

6.60

5 .77 -

7.13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

1

2

7

5

5

9

6

4

1 1 A L L — 1 L L 1 t \ _j
v J
i 1
_1
ENGINEERS

NONMANUFACTURING

-t

2

m

fo o tn o te s

a t

end




8

12

o f ta b le s .

8

34

26

6
12

42

S ee

1

2

ro

17

73
H n 1 n 1 L n A IVv. L

2
-

,

8

8

8

8

_

-

12

-

8

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s R e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings *
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

1

i

2 .2 0

Mean 2

Median 2

-------------------------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

LIG H T

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING
TR U C K D R IV E R S .

(T R A IL E R !

TRUCK

----------------

TRUCK

--------------

-------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
TR U C K D R IV E R S .

-------------------------------

------------------------------------

M E D IU M

M AN U FA CTU R ING

------------------------------------

HEAVY

-------------------------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING
TR U C K D R IV E R S .
THAN

------------------------------------

HEAVY

CLERKS

-------------------------------------------

F IL L E R S

i

4 .8 0

i

*

i

5

i

*

i

S

6 .0 0

5 .2 0 5 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

29

39

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

59

4 .4 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

$
4 .5 8

61

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

30

62

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

97

57

42

49

93

43

12

23

4 .8 0

3 .6 0 -

5 .1 3

-

-

-

6

5

10

34

15

25

17

3

9

5

76

36

7

18

3

-

4 .6 1

4 . 16

3 .2 5 -

5 .4 5

3

24

62

23

34

70

63

42

17

42

51

52

44

17

5

5

27

62

79

82

8 .4 3

8 .5 2

8 .5 2 -

8 .5 2

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

7
“

-

3

-

“

79

124

3 .4 7

3 .5 0

2 .8 0 -

4 .0 6

-

-

28

8

8

15

18

1

4

34

-

6

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

28

8

8

10

13

1

4

34

-

-

-

“

“

“

2

-

-

31

9

23

38

8

4

13

18

10

3

5

18

1

8

9

6

5

u

80

4 .5 1

1

4 .2 5

269
7 29

3

108

3 .4 2

3 .38

2 .7 0 -.

4 .0 2

-

233

4 .3 2

3 .8 2

3 .0 0 -

5 .1 3

3

24

65

4 .5 1

4 . 38

3 .8 8 -

5 .1 3

-

168

4 .2 4

3 .2 5

2 .8 5 -

4 .5 3

3

416

5 .3 0

4 .8 2

3 .7 8 -

6 .8 0

_

123

4 .5 5

4 .8 2

3 .4 6 -

5 .5 0

-

293

5 .6 1

4 .8 3

3 .9 5 -

6 .8 0

-

62

54

79

21

-

-

5

5

-

-

9

11

3

1

4

15

-

6

6

-

-

31

9

18

33

8

4

4

7

7

2

1

3

1

2

3'

6

5

21

24

3

12

3

6

35

39

8

_

14

2

57

58

-

-

6

-

-

28

1

-

-

2

24

3

6

3

6

7

15
24

7

38

39

4

6

24

36

1

6

43

14

14

3

3

-

44
1

24
3

-

21

57

61

4 .5 2

4 .8 0

3 .8 2 -

4 .8 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

15

6

-

-

-

37

-

2

-

58

-

149

5 . 01

5 . 50

3 .7 5 -

5 .8 6

-

-

3

14

5

4

2

14

2

2

3

5

-

7

47

5

13

2

21

44

5

13

2

18

5

-

-

2

13

22

20

16

16

5 . 50

3 .6 8 -

5 .9 0

“

-

3

14

5

4

2

14

2

2

“

2

“

2

3 .9 4 -

4 .9 9

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

-

17

5

9

5

-

8

619

4 .5 3

4 .2 9

3 .9 1 -

5 .0 0

7

6

6

14

24

11

96

85

97

46

39

45

-

4
20

4

9

8

12

5

2

7

87

77

85

6
40

-

7

39

40

7 0

CLERKS

-------------------------------------------

66

4 .4 9

4 .2 5

3 .9 5 -

4 .94

------------------------------------

553

4 .5 3

4 . 29

3 .8 2 -

---------------------------------------------------

-

5 .0 1

M AN U FA CTU R ING

6

10

2

10

-

1
1

12

20

3 .8 7

3 .3 0

2 .7 5 -

4 .2 0

31

88

103

60

80

59

53

39

4 3

18

34

7

-

3

1

44

33

57

-

38

3 .9 0

3 . 30

2 .7 5 -

4 .2 0

31

88

99

45

78

58

33

39

43

18

34

7

-

3

1

44

33

57

-

38

-------------------------------------------

119

3 .5 0

3 . 41

3 .1 0 -

4 .1 0

5

-

20

3

20

6

26

-

2

15

2

17

-

3

-

-

-

-

_

78

3 .6 0

3 .57

2 .7 4 -

4 .1 6

“

-

20

3

5

“

16

-

2

15

-

17

-

6 94

4 .1 3

4 . 00

3 .3 0 -

4 .9 0

9

20

29

22

66

44

32

80

38

64

43

44

4

------------------------------------

LABORERS

-------------------

I l l

*

~
17
8

-

-

_

11

_
-

287

4 .0 2

3 .60

3 .5 0 -

4 .9 0

2

2

2

-

55

10

70

9

10

30

2

3

43

•-

-

------------------------------------

4 07

4 .2 1

4 . 10

3 .3 0 -

4 .9 0

7

18

27

22

11

34

12
20

32
29

10

29

54

13

42

1

68

3

9

*

11

---------------------------------------

592

5 . 38

5 . 13

4 .1 2 -

6 .1 6

-

9

13

14

1

18

13

31

15

37

16

4

12

119

38

75

39

39

367

5 .5 7

5 .27

4 .5 5 -

6 .5 4

-

3

6

-

1

10

10

-

9

35

15

3

9

73

37

52

11

38

-

225

5 . 07

5 . 00

3 .7 5 -

6 .0 0

-

6

7

14

-

8

3

31

6

2

1

1

3

46

1

23

28

1

34

-------------------------------

31

5 . 04

3 .75

3 .7 5 -

6 .1 6

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

18

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

9

-

-

------------------------------------

1 .33 3

2 .6 8

2 .5 0

2 .3 7 -

2 .6 0

159

19

50

61

19

15

3

8

13

4

7

19

7

-

11

2

_

42

4 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .3 5 -

5 .7 6

459
-

477

-------------------------------------------

-

-

-

4

12

4

9

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

11

-

-

-------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S
W A TC H M E N

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING
PORTERS.

M AN U FA CTU R ING

4

-

7

749

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-

6

72

791

o p e r a t o r s

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-

-

-

------------------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

J A N IT O R S .

1

4 .21

H A N D LIN G

AND

4 .6 0

4 .9 9

NONM ANUFACTURING

GUARDS

i

4 .4 0

4 .8 2

PACKERS

P U B L IC

i

4 .2 0

68

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

F O RK LIFT

i

4 .0 0

132

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

M ATE RIAL

i

3 .8 0

-----------

------------------------------------

R E C E IV IN G

M AN U FA CTU R ING

S H IP P IN G

*

3 .60

-----------------------------------------------------

AND

WAREHOUSEMEN

OR D ER

*

3 .4 0

T R A IL E R ):

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING
S H IP P IN G

2 .8 0

i

3 .2 0

TRUCK

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ‘ ------------------------------------------R E C E IV IN G

2 .6 0

i

3 .0 0

$

998

TRUCK

------------------------------------------------------

M A N U FA CTU R ING

(O TH E R

— -------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

TR U C K D R IV E R S .

*

-p

M AN U FA CTU R ING
P U B L IC

i

WORKERS

-----------------------------------------------------

T R U C K D R IV ER S

2 .6 0 2 .8 0

and
under

Middle range 2

2 .4 0

ALL

*

2 .4 0

-----------------------------------AND

CLEANERS

------

-------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f tables




28

28

34

1 .29 1

2 .6 3

2 . 50

2 .3 6 -

2 .6 0

459

477

159

19

46

49

15

6

3

8

13

4

7

17

7

-

-

2

2 .8 9

2 .6 5

2 .3 5 -

2 .7 5

420

286

490

49

65

42

19

49

5

19

5

16

7

16

34

47

13

_

-

221

4 .5 0

4. 46

3 .5 3 -

5 .61

5

1

3

1

18

24

8

30

2

15

1

6

6

11

34

47

9

-

-

1 .3 6 8

2 .6 3

2 .5 2

2 .3 0 -

2 .6 5

415

285

487

48

47

18

11

19

3

4

10

1

5

-

“

4

6

-

1 .5 8 9

6

4

-

-

6

1

6

1




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M AINTENANC E.
POWERPLANT

TOOLROOM»

O C CUPATIO NS

M AINTE NA NC E

CARPENTERS

M AINTE NA NC E

E LE C T R IC IA N S

Number
of
v/oikers

Av erage
( mea n2 )
hourly
earnings4

M ATE RIAL

ANO
-

MEN

$

-----------------------

7 .2 9

------------------

199
190

MOVEMENT

O C C U PATIO N S

-

TR U CK D R IV ER S .

7 .8 3

P A IN T E R S

(O T H E R

THAN

HEAVY

8 .9 7

M A C H IN IS T S

R E C E IV IN G

----------------------------------------

61

$
9 .5 2

----------------------------------------

139

5 . 06

117

5 . 09

--------

63

9 .8 9

--------------------------------------------------

592

CLERKS

M AINTE NA NC E

------------------------

7 .5 5

S H IP P IN G

WAREHOUSEMEN

M ECH AN ICS

(M A C H IN E R Y )

399

6 .5 9

--------------------------------------

M AN U FACTU RING

---------------------------------

7 .5 5

--------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

395

6 .6 2

AND

R E C E IV IN G

(M OTOR

V E H IC LE S )

------------------------------------

330

6 .3 9

--------------------------------------

12 2

6 .0 7

20b

9 .5 3
9 .9 6

------------------------------------------------

961

4 .3 6

---------------------------------

440

9 .9 0

----------------------------------------

63

3 .3 5

---------------

590

9 . 15

----------------------------------------

256
339

4 • 04

6 .5 8

N O NM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

-------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

8 .00

--------------------------

M AINTE NA NC E

P IP E F IT T E R S

M AINTE NA NC E

TRAOES

---------------------

8 .7 3

ORD ER

F IL L E R S

N O NM ANUFACTURING
S H IP P IN G

PACKERS

M ATE RIAL

H A N D L IN G

M AN U FA CTU R ING
HELPERS

E N G IN EERS

N O NM ANUFACTURING

--------------

9 .6 9

----------------------------

6 .9 8

-------------------------------

LABORERS

N O NM ANUFACTURING

6 .9 7

F O R K LIFT

OPERATORS

M AN U FA CTU R ING

-------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------

NONHANUFACTURING
B O IL E R

TENDERS

--------------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

7 .0 3

--------------------------------------

P U B L IC

---------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

AND

W ATC HM EN

M AN U FA CTU R ING

---------------------------------

----------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
MOVEMENT

AND

O C C U PATIO N S

-

---------------------------------

J A N IT O R S .

PORTERS.

ANO

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
P U B L IC

--------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

T R U CK O R IV ER S .

7 26

---------------------------

M ATE R IAL

29

5 .1 3

1 .27 7

2 .6 7

92

9 .2 0

1 .2 3 5

2 .6 1

—

---------------------------------

995

3 . 08

183

9 .6 2

762

9 .6 1

nOVEHENT

O C C U PATIO N S

AND

2 .7 1

-

C U STO D IAL

WOMEN

8 .9 3

------------

121

3 .9 5

105

O R D E R F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

330

3 . 18

309

3 . 20

56

3 .6 6

3 .9 0

T RUCK

S H IP P IN G
T R U CK O R IV ER S .

5 .5 7
5 . 09

9 .5 8
9 .5 2

--------------------------------

LIG H T

N O NM ANUFACTURING

999
268

CLEANERS

----------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING
M AN U FA CTU R ING

5 .3 9

365
215

C U STO D IAL
MEN

M AN U FA CTU R ING
TR U C K O R IV ER S

----------------------------

580

4 .2 4

7 .0 3
GUARDS

M ATE RIAL

9 .9 7

56
986

----------------------------------------

M ECH AN ICS

M AN U FACTU RING

S TA TIO N A R Y

CLERKS

---------------------------------

M ANUFACTURING

N O NM ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

TRUCK

T R A IL E R ):

NO NM ANUFACTURING
M AINTE NA NC E

CU STO D IAL

7 .6 9

--------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

----------------------------

Average
( m ea n2 )
hourly
earnings 4

M EN — C O N T I N U E D

M AN U FA CTU R ING
M AINTE NA NC E

AND

Number
of

TRUCKORIVERS - CONTINUED

7 .8 0

--------------------------------------

M AN U FACTU RING

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M E D IU M

----------

2 33

9 .3 2

---------------------------------------

TRUCK

65
168

9 .2 9

PACKERS

----------------------------------------

9 .5 1

N O NM ANUFACTURING
T R U CK D R IV ER S .
(T R A IL E R )

--------------------------------

HEAVY

---------------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

91

3 .8 7

W ATC HM EN

---------------------------------

56

2 .9 9

---------------------------------

56

2 .9 9

N O NM ANUFACTURING
GUARDS

AND

T RUCK

-------------------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

---------------------------------

N O NM ANUFACTURING

M ANUFACTURING

--------------------------------

9 15

5 . 30

J A N IT O R S .

PORTERS.

122

9 . 56

M ANUFACTURING

293

5 .6 1

N O NM ANUFACTURING

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

10

AND

CLEANERS

—

------------------------------------------------------------------------

699

2 .6 1

38

3 .9 2

6 06

2 .5 3

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts.
for selected occupational groups in)Jacksonville, Fla., for selected periods
D ecem ber
In d u s tr y

and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p 5

D ecem ber

A ll

1972

D ecem ber

1973

to
D ecem ber

to

1973

D ecem b er

1974

D ecem ber

1975

to
D ecem ber

to
1974

D ecem b er

1975

D ecem ber

1976

to
1976

D ecem ber

1977

in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e

7 .9

c le r ic a l

E le c t r o n ic

d a ta p r o c e s s in g

________________

_______________

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ___________________________________________________
S k ille d

m a in te n a n c e

U n s k ille d

t r a d e s __________

p la n t w o r k e r s

______________________

__________________________

____

9 .2

9 .3

7 .3

(? )

7 .9

6 .7

6 .1

6 .8
6 .3

(6 )
8 .7

(6)
1 0 .7

9 .7

9 .0

1 0 .5

7 .1

8 .6

8 .9

1 1 .7

1 1 .6

4 .9

9 .6

7 .8

(?)

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O ffic e

c l e r i c a l ________________________________________________________

(? )

(? )

(? )

(? )

---------------------------

(? )

(? )

(? )

(6 )
8 .2

(6 )
1 2 .1

(? )
(6 )
7 .7

(? )

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s -------------------------------------------------------------------

(6 )
9 .5

(6 )
9 .4

1 1 .7

9 .5

9 .6

7 .1

8 .9

7 .9

9 .4

9 .4

7 .5

6 .6

(? )

7 .9

6 .6

6 .1

6 .0

(6 )
1 1 .8

(6 )
1 3 .0

(6 )
1 .7

(6)
1 0 .5

(6 )
7 .1

E le c t r o n ic
S k ille d

d a t a p r o c e s s i n g -----

m a in te n a n c e

U n s k ille d

-----

t r a d e s _______________________

______

p l a n t w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e

c l e r i c a l ------------------------------------------------------------------------

E le c t r o n ic

d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ---------

In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ..
U n s k ille d

---------------

------------

---------------

p l a n t w o r k e r s _________________

------------------

------------________

-----

Footnotes
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by
the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the workers receive the same or
more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two
rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and a
fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate.




3 Earnings
establishment.

data

relate only to workers

whose

sex

identification was

p r o v i d e d by the

4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .

5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and
unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women.

6 D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia o r d a ta n o t a v a ila b le .

11

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e nefits a r e obtained by p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f Bureau f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In eac h o f the
i n ter v e n in g y e a r s , i n f o r m a ti o n on e m p l o y m e n t and occupational e arn in g s is
c o l l e c t e d by a com b in atio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s tio n n a ire , and t e l e ­
phone i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v i o u s s u r ve y .
In each o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r ve y e d , data a r e obtained f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts within s ix b road in d u s try d iv i s i o n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu ring; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c om m u nic atio n, and other public u t i l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e
tr a d e ; r e t a i l trad e ; fin ance, in s u ran ce , and r e a l es tate ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u s tr y gro ups e x clud ed f r o m th ese studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the con stru c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts ha vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e om it te d b e ca use o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m ent in the occupations studied. S e p arate tabulations a r e p r o v i d e d f o r each
o f the b ro ad in d u s try d i v i s i o n s wh ic h m e e t publication c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a sam ple b as is .
The sam pli ng
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n of a l l e s tab li s h m en ts within the
scope o f an in dividual a r e a s u r v e y by in d ustry and number o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s am p le is s e le c te d , with each
e s ta b lis h m e n t ha ving a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o obtain optim um
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c ost, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e com b in ed , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e le c tio n , so that un biased e s ti m a te s
a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fou r e s ta b lis h m en ts is s e le c te d ,
it is given a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th re e oth e rs . An a lte r n a te
o f the s am e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is chosen in the s am e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f ic a tio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s am p le m e m b e r .
I f no
suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e , a d d ition al w e ig h t is a ssign ed to a sam ple
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
Occupations and e arn in g s
O ccupation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
turing and no nm an ufact uring in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te chn ica l; (3) m ainte nance, to o l r o o m ,
and p ow e rp la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c usto d ia l.
O ccupation al
c l a s s i f i c a t io n is based on a u n i fo r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p ti o n s d e sig n e d to take
account o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties within the s am e job.
Occupations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e li s te d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
1 Included in Uie 74 areas arc 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




U n les s o t h e r w i s e in dicated, the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the job
t itle s a r e f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s c om b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s om e of the
occup ations li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s om e in d u s try d iv is io n s within the
scop e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s tables because
e i th e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occup ation is too s m a l l to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th er e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e of individual
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
S e p arate m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n te d when the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n tifie d by s e x is 20 p e rc e n t
o r m o r e o f the men o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an occupation.
E a r n in g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d us try d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r all
in d u s trie s c om b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r occupations with m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e included in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
not shown o r in f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

O ccup ation al e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i .e ., those h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E a r n in g s
data exclude p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w eeken ds, h o lid ays,
and late shifts .
N onp rod uction bonuses a r e excluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e bonuses a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ica l occupations r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th ese occupations a r e
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l lin e s within the distrib ution of
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s indicate a change in the s i z e o f the c las s i n t e r v a l s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f occup ational earnings in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in dividual occup atio nal a v e r a g e s o v e r
ti m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e chan ges. The a v e r a g e s f o r individual jobs
a r e a f f e c t e d by changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e xam p le ,
p r o p o r ti o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change, or
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e tte r jobs and be r ep la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s . Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
patio nal a v e r a g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w ages
dur ing the y e a r . Chan ges in earnings o f oc c u p atio n al g ro up s, shown in table
A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr end s than a r e e arnin g s changes f o r
ind ivid ual jobs within the gro ups.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . Ind ustr ie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and job s ta ffing, and thus con tribut e
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job. P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jobs in in dividual es tab lis h m en ts .

A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c te d occ up ations should
not be as s u m ed to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay o f the sexes within individual
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s which m a y con tribut e to d i f f e r e n c e s include p r o ­
g r e s s i o n within es tab lis h e d rate ranges (o n ly the rate s paid incumbents a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e of s p e c i f i c duties within the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th ese s u r ve y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than those used in individual e s tab li s h m en ts
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s amon g e s tab li s h m en ts in s p e c i f i c duties
p erform ed .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k il le d m ainte nan ce

C om pu te r s y s te m s
an alysts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C om p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

Carpenters
E lectricia n s
Pain te r s
M achin ists
M e ch anic s (m a c h i n e r y )
M e ch anic s ( m o t o r v e h i c l e )
Pipefitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s

Occupation al e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to tal in a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts within the scope o f the study and not the number ac tu a lly s u r ve y e d .
B ec au se occupational s tru c tu res am ong e s ta b lis h m en ts d i f f e r , e s ti m a te s of
oc c u p atio n al e m p lo y m e n t obtained f r o m the sam ple o f es tab lis h m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to indic ate the r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f the jobs studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in oc cup ational struc ture do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of
the e a r n in g s data.

In d u s tr ia l nu rs e s

U n sk ille d plant

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s trial
n u rs e s

Ja nito rs, p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

W a g e tre nd s f o r s e l e c t e d occupational gro up s
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in table A - 7 a r e bas ed on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in es tab li s h m en ts r ep o rtin g the
tre n d jo bs in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m atc hed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e adjusted to r e m o v e the e f fe c t s on a v e r a g e e arnings o f e m p l o y ­
m ent shifts among e s ta b lis h m en ts and t u r n o v e r o f es tab lis hm en ts included
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e still a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s oth e r than w ag e i n c r e a s e s . H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s ta b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occupation when w o r k e r s a r e paid under plans
p r o v i d i n g a range o f w ag e r ate s f o r in dividual jo b s . In p e r i o d s o f in c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p le , new e m p l o y e e s m a y e n te r at the bott om o f the range,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a change in wage rate s .
The p e r c e n t changes r ela te to w ag e changes b etw een the indicated
d ate s . When the ti m e span between s u r v e y s is other than 12 months, annual
rate s a r e shown.
(i t is as sum ed that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b etw een s u r v e y s .)

P e r c e n t changes f o r i
as f o l l o w s :

a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e computed

1. A v e r a g e e arnings a r e com pute d f o r eac h occup ation f o r
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a r e d . The a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e arnings in th ose es tab lis h m en ts whic h a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is as sum ed that e m p lo y m e n t
rem a in s unchanged.
2.

E ach occup ation is as s ign e d a w e ig h t based on its p r o ­
p or tion ate e m p lo y m e n t in the occupational group in the
bas e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to compute group a v e r a g e s .
Each occ u p atio n's a v e r a g e e arnin g s (com puted in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d by its w e ig h t. The pro ducts a r e to taled to
obtain a gro up a v e r a g e .

4.

The ra tio o f gro up a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c on secutive y e a rs is
com puted by d ividin g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r re n t y e a r by
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . The r esult— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

O ccup ation s used to compute w ag e tre nd s a r e :

O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ecreta ries
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n ior
T y p i s t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F i l e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A,
B, and C
M essengers
Sw itchb oard o p e r a to r s

O rd er clerk s, classes
A and B
Ac c oun tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g-m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll clerks
Keypun ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




F o r a m o r e d e tail e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the method used to com pute these
w ag e tre nd s , see " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y Ind exes, " Month ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w ag e p r o v i s i o n s
T ab ulations on s e l e c te d e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry
w ag e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this bulletin. I n f o r ­
m a tion f o r th ese tabulations is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e ta bu­
latio ns on m in im u m e ntr ance s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; scheduled w e e k l y hours and days; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v acatio ns;
and health, insuran ce, and pension plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v i o u s bull etins f o r this a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Jacksonville, Fla.,1 December 1977
Num ber

M in im u m

W orkers

of esta b lish m en ts

e m p lo y m e n t

W ith in

in e s t a b lis h -

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

m en ts

in

W ith in

scope

ALL

D IV IS IO N S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

OTHER

P U B L IC

C O M M U N IC A T IO N *

U T IL IT IE S 5

S tu d ied

S tu d ied
Num ber

Percent

154

9 5 .6 3 2

100

119

45

2 5 .5 2 8

27

1 4 .5 2 7

390

109

7 0 .1 0 4

73

4 0 .9 5 5

12

1 0 .5 5 5

50
-

----------------------------------------------------------------------

TR AN S PO R TATIO N *

in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

o f stu dy 4

509

--------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

scope

o f study 3

o f study

scope

5 5 .4 8 2

AND
50

----------------------------------------------

26

1 1 .3 5 7

15

------------------------------------------------------------------

50

82

18

8 .2 6 2

9

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

132

2 4 .3 5 8

25

1 2 .5 6 6

----------------

50

70

26
22

1 7 .0 5 8

18

1 0 .8 5 8

S E R V I C E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

80

28

9 .0 6 9

9

4 .4 2 5

WHOLESALE
R E TA IL

TRADE6

TRADE6

F IN A N C E *

1
th e

are

s ize

not

and

and

shown

in

data

tren d s

c o m p iled

in

The

ed itio n

c la s s ify in g

op e ra tio n s

3

1972

are

lim ita tio n .
fin a n ce,

A ll

auto

th is
of
for

rep a ir

fo rce

c o m p a ris o n
s in ce

c o n sid e ra b ly

th e

(w ith in
s e rv ic e ,

by

th e
and

th e

m o tio n

accu rate

th e

th e

wage

o f the

of

d e sc rip tio n
in d e x e s

to

u tility
fro m

6

in

th eaters

are

4

In c lu d e s




a ll

ab o v e th e

w ork ers

in

m in im u m

a ll es ta b lis h m en ts

w ith

in

enough

d ata

p e rm it

separate

a ll

govern m ent

separate

such

total e m p lo y m e n t

H otels

au tom ob ile
o rg a n iza tio n s

co n sid e red

as

1

(w ith in

in

m u n icip a lly

th e
are

A -s e rie s
exclu d ed .

op erated

and

ta b le s .

T a x ic a b s

J a c k s o n v ille 's

are

exclu d ed

by

and

ele ctric
d efin itio n

survey.

th e

of

u tilities "

tra n sp o rta tio n

are

is

m erit

represen ted

A -s e rie s

th e

separate

p re s e n ta tio n ,
and

in

ta b le s .

fo llo w in g

stu d y,
(3 )

(4 )

e s tim a te s
S ep arate

reasons:
(2 )

response
th ere

is

(1 )
th e
was

fo r

"a ll

in d u s trie s "

p resen ta tio n

E m p lo ym e n t
sa m p le

is

was

not

in s u ffic ie n t o r

p o s s ib ility

of

of

data

too

and

d esig n ed

m ade

to

p ro vid e

in itia lly

in a d equ ate

d is clo s u re

"n on ­

not

is

s m a ll

of

to

to

p e rm it

in d ivid u a l

e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

as

trade,

to

"p u b lic
w ater

p re s e n ta tio n ,

m in im u m

and m o te ls ;

rep a ir,

ren ta l,

(e x c lu d in g

a rc h ite c tu ra l s e rv ic e s .

esta b lish m en t.
a r e a ) at o r

o f th e

stu d ied ,
was

to

system

d ivisio n

o r m ore

Manual

ab o v e th e

in d u s trie s

scope
T h is

fo r one

survey.

at o r

tra n s it

m a n u fa c tu rin g "

7

c o m p a n ies
p ictu re

th e

to-

in c id e n ta l

and

req u ire s

p e rio d

H ow ever,

em p lo ym e n t

A b b re v ia te d

s e rv ic e s

E stim a tes

surveys

p a y ro ll

5

by

Baker,

scope

survey.

C la s sific a tio n

d ivisio n .

of

em p lo ym en t
of

scope

d e fin e d

w ith in

survey.

to tal
of

of

In d u s tria l

o f th e

area)

other

p la n n in g

advance

in d u stry

w ith

in

as

co n sists

"w o rk ers

rea so n a b ly

w ith

in

Standard

scope

a

A rea,

1974,

The

in c lu d e d

(1 )

ex clu d ed fr o m

th e

a ll e s ta b lis h m en ts
ou tlets

p ro v id e

la b o r

levels

are

S ta tistica l

F ebru ary

C o u n tie s.

ta b le

th e

o r

of

fro m

th rou gh

Johns

es ta b lis h m en ts

ex clu d ed

In clu d es

M e tro p o lita n

Budget

St.

how ever,

(2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
i

used

and

c o m p o s itio n

e m p lo ym e n t

es ta b lis h m en t
and

ESTATE6

Standard

Nassau,

in ten d ed ,

m easu re

REAL

M anagem ent

e s tim a te s

th e

AND

J ac k s o n v ille

of

D u va l,

stu d y"
of

The

O ffice

C la y,

IN S U R A N C E .

2 .5 5 1

the

lim ita tio n .

14

la u n d rie s
and

relig io u s

and o th e r p e rs o n a l

p a rk in g;
and

m o tio n

se rv ic e s;

p ic tu res ;

b u sin ess

n o n p rofit

ch a rita b le o rg a n iza tio n s);

and

s e rvices;

m em b e rs h ip

en g in e e rin g

and

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The p r i m a r y p urpo se o f p r e p a r i n g job d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d staff in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o ­
p r i a t e occupations w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo ye d under a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d if fe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e stab lis hm en t to e s t a b l i s h ­
ment and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the gro uping o f occupational
w a g e ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B ec a u se o f this e m p h a ­
sis on in ter e sta b li shm en t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f occupational
content, the B u re a u 's job d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th ose
in us e in in dividual e s tab li s h m en ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d fo r other pu rpo s es .
In applyin g th es e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to exclude w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; ap p re n tic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a ti o n a r y w o r k e r s .
Handicapped
w o r k e r s wh os e earnin gs a r e red uced beca u s e o f t h e i r handicap a r e also
excluded.
T r a i n e e s a r e excluded f r o m the s u r v e y except f o r th ose r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g in s om e o f the l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
te c h n i c a l occupations.

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— Continued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one individ ual.
M ain ­
tains a c l o s e and hig hly r e s p o n s i v e rela tionship' to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p ervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in dependently r e c e i v i n g a m i n im u m o f d e taile d
s u p e r v i s i o n and guidance.
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l duties,
u sually including m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

E xc lu s ion s

answers
persons;

a. R e c e i v e s telep hon e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and
routine i n q u i r i e s , and route s te c h n i c a l in q u irie s

Not all p os itio n s that a r e ti tl e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r ­
acteristics.
E x a m p le s o f p ositio ns whic h a r e excluded f r o m the d efin ition a r e
as f o l l o w s :
a. P o s i t i o n s
d e s c r i b e d ab ove;

inc o m in g m a i l ,
to the p r o p e r

b.
b.

c.
instructed ;
d.

Establishes,

m ain ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

do not

m eet

the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y

concept

S ten og ra p h e rs not fu l l y tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c. S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v i n g as o f f i c e assista nts to a group o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r i a l p e rs o n s ;

M ain tain s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a le n d a r and m ak es ap pointm ents as

s io n al,

Relays m essages fro m

d. S e c r e t a r y p os itio n s in which the duties a r e e ithe r substa ntiall y
m o r e routine o r s ub sta ntia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d efin ition ;

s u p e r v i s o r to su bordinate s;

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n ature to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accuracy;
f.

which

Perform s

e. A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p os itio n s which i n v o lv e m o r e d ifficult o r m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , or s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l
duties which a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .

ste nographic and typing w o rk .

NOTE:
The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d efin ition s
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to th ose o f f i c i a l s who have a s ign if ica nt c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o lic y m a k in g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r com pany a c t i v i t i e s .
The t i t l e " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in d ic a tiv e o f this r o l e , does not in all c a s e s

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m other c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l tasks o f c o m p a ra b le
natu re and d if fi c u l ty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le dg e o f o f f i c e routine
and understa ndin g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a te d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .




15

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

STENOGRAPHER

E x c lu s io n s — Continued
id e n tify such p os itio n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n ts wh os e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on indiv idual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
individual loan o r c r e d it actions; a d m i n i s t e r in dividual tr u s t accounts; d i r e c t l y
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s es o f applyin g the fo l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b oard o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; or
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the
b oard o r p re s id e n t) o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r
than 25,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

P r i m a r y duty is to take dicta tion using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the dictation.
M a y als o ty pe f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fro m a steno­
grap h ic pool.
M ay occasion ally tra n scribe fr o m v o ice reco rdin gs (if p rim a r y
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , see T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : This job is d istinguis hed f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c on fid e n tial r e la tio n s h ip with only one m anag er
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d efin ition.
S ten og ra p h e r,

c h airm an of the
5,000 but f e w e r

3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s egm ent o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all ,
o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .
C lass B

keep

General

D icta tion in v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u la r y .
M a y maintain f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l tasks.
S ten o g ra p h e r,

Se n ior

Dicta tion in v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v oc ab u lary such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y also set up and
maintain f i l e s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.

1.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b oard o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h air m an o f the
board o r p re s id e n t) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e functio nal a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e ti n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tria l r e l a t i o n s , etc.) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
se gm e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a rt e r s ; a m a j o r d iv isio n ) o f a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5,000 but f e w e r than 25,000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an indiv id ual plant, f a c t o r y , etc. ( o r
oth e r equivalent l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im port ant o r g a n i z a ti o n a l
s egm ent ( e . g . , a m id d l e m an ag e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s egm ent
ofte n in v o lvin g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) or a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .
C lass C
1.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n wh os e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not equivalent to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d efin ition
f o r c las s B, but wh os e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y nu m b ers at l e a s t s e v e r a l
doze n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u ally d iv id e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l segm e n ts which a r e
ofte n, in turn, f u r th e r subdivided.
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l includes a
w id e range o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l ec he lo n s; in o t h e r s , only one o r tw o; or_
2.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in dividual plant, f a c t o r y , etc. (or other
equivalent l e v e l of o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s
(e.g.,

D

1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; or

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c hn ic ia n, o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M any c om p an ie s a s s ign s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d ab ov e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )




OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o gr ap h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
pendence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as ev id e n ce d by the
f o l lo w in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o gr ap h ic speed and ac c u r a c y;
a th or ou gh w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l business and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c business o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , etc .
U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o grap h ic duties and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l tasks such as mainta ining follo w u p f i l e s ; as s e m b lin g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g sim p le l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l ins tru c tio ns ; readin g and routing incom ing m a il; and answ ering
routine q uestio ns, etc.
TR AN S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

TYP IS T

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d icta tion in v o lvin g a n o r m a l routine
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s .
M a y also ty pe f r o m w r itte n
copy and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g dictatio n involving
a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as l e g a l b r i e f s or r e p o rts
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not included.
A w o r k e r who ta kes dictation in
shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s i m i l a r m ac h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a steno grap her.
TYP IST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s o r to make
out b ills a f t e r c alc u la tio n s have been m ad e by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay include
typing of s t e n c i l s , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lvin g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g , such as
keeping s im p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s ortin g and distributing
incom in g m a il.
C las s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of the f o l l o w i n g : T yp in g m a t e r i a l
in final f o r m when it i n v o lv e s c om b ining m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l sou rc e s; or
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , punctuation, e tc., of t e c h ­
nic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n language m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layout and
ty ping of c o m p l i c a te d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m ainta in u n i f o r m i t y and balance in
spac ing. M a y typ e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit c i r c u m s ta n c e s .

T Y P I S T — Continued

ORDER C L E R K

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : Copy ty ping f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r routine ty ping o f f o r m s , insuran ce p o l i c i e s , etc.;
o r setting up s im p le standard ta bulations; o r copying m o r e c o m p l e x ta b les
a l r e a d y set up and spac ed p r o p e r l y .

R e c e i v e s w r i t t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' purch ase o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s ales people. W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lve s
s o m e com bination o f the fo l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e te rm in in g a v a i l a ­
b ility o f o r d e r e d i te m s and s u ggesting substitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; ad vising
exp e c te d d e l i v e r y date and method of d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r sheets ; checking o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and
ad equacy o f info rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e rta in in g c re d it rating of c u s to m e r;
furnishin g c u s to m e r w ith ack no w le dgem en t o f r e c e i p t of o r d e r ; f o llo w in g - u p
to see that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m ainta ining o r d e r f i l e ; checking shipping in v o ice
ag ainst o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

F IL E

CLERK

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an es tab lis h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and manual ta sks r e q u i r e d to maintain f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b as is o f the f o llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in dexes f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
ence, r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l docum ents , e tc ., in an e s tab lis he d f i lin g s y s te m
containing a nu mber o f v a r i e d subject m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y also f i l e this
m aterial.
M a y keep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty pes in conjunction with the f i l e s .
M a y lead a s m a l l gro up o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

E xclu de w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b asis o r w h ose duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
or m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s to m e r s with con su lta tive a d v ic e using k nowledge
gained f r o m e n g in e e rin g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ica l trainin g; e m p h a s izin g s e llin g
s k ills ; handling m a t e r i a l or m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l part o f the job.

Class B.
S o rt s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r i a l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r ) headings o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subheadings.
Prepares
s im p le r e la te d index and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s.
A s req u e sted ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id entif ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay
p erform
r ela te d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to mainta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Positions
d efin ition s:

are

classified

into

levels

a c c or d in g

to

the

follo w in g

C la s s A . H andles o r d e r s that i n v o lve m ak ing judgments such as
choosing wh ich s p e c i f i c pro duc t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s ta b lis h m en t's product
lin e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e te rm in in g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r making
som e s i m p l e m a th e m a tic a l calc u latio ns .

C lass C . P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r which is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i fi c a t io n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a be tic al, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
A s r eq u e sted ,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and manual tasks
r e q u i r e d to maintain and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Class B . Han dles o r d e r s in v o lvin g ite m s which have r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and ap p li c ation s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g, m a n u fa c tu re r 's manual,
or s i m i l a r document to in sure that p r o p e r ite m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d item .

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , op eratin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m achin es such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and distributing
m a i l , and other m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E xc lu d e p os it io n s that r e q u i r e op e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n if ic a nt duty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one or m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l tasks such as postin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accounts; v e r i f y i n g the internal c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a th e m a ti c a l a c c u r a c y of accounting documents;
a ssign in g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d istr ib ution cod es; examining and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , calculatio ns, posting,
etc.; o r p r e p a r i n g s im p l e o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jou rn al
v ou c h er s .
M a y w o r k in e ith e r a manual o r automated accounting s ys te m .

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le phone sw it chb o ard o r c on so le used with a p r i v a t e
bra nch exchange ( P B X ) s y s te m to r e l a y in c o m in g, outgoing, and in t r a s y s te m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e info rm a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
keep r e c o r d of c a lls p la ced and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s op e r a tin g a te lephon e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c on s o le , m a y als o type o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty ping o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occupy the m a j o r p ortio n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is usually p e r f o r m e d w h ile at the sw it chb o ard o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f
o r le ad o p e r a t o r s in es tab li s hm en ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exclud ed .
F o r an o p e r a t o r who also acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , see Switchboard
O p e r a t o r -R e c e p tio n is t.

The w o r k r e q u i r e s a k no w ledge o f c l e r i c a l methods and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s which r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and ac counting in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r with the bookkeeping and accounting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a knowledge
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f bookkeeping and accounting.

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
P o s i ti o n s
d e fi n i t i o n s :

A t a s i n g le - p o s itio n te le p hon e s w it c h b o ard o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s ee Sw itc hboard O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
w o r k in v o l v e s such duties as g r e e ti n g v i s i t o r s ; d e te rm in in g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
bus iness and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria t e in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r con tacting that p e r s o n by te lep hon e and
a r r a n g in g an appointment; keepin g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .




are

c la ssified

into

l e v e l s on the basis of the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
Under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
op e r ation s which r e q u i r e the ap p lication o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment, fo r
e xam p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e accounting t r a n s ­
a ctio ns, s e l e c ti n g among a substantial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting cod es

17

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — Continued
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .

PAYROLL
accou nting
by one o r

C lass B .
U n der c lo s e s u p erv is io n , fo llo w in g d etailed instructions
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s
of stan d ard ized a n d
rep etitive
records
or
a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
and c o d i n g d o c u m e n t s u s i n g
a few p re s c rib e d
accounting c o d e s.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E
board)

KEYPUNCH

n u m eric

key­

classified

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

into

le ve ls

on

th e

v erify

basis

alp hab etic and/or

of

th e

follo w in g

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s such as th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g pu n ch , e t c .
Excluded f r o m
t h is d e f i n i t i o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu d ed a r e o p e r a to r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accounting m a ch in e equipm en t.

B IL L E R

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
ord in a ry or e lectro m a tic ty p e w riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g
opera tio n s.
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

P ositio n s
d e f i n it i o n s :

B illin g-m a ch in e b iller.
U ses a s p e cia l b illin g m a ch in e (com bin a tio n
t y p i n g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
purchase o r d e r s ,
in tern ally p re p a r e d
orders,
s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a ,
etc.
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not be c o m p u t e d on
th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t p m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d by
m a ch in e.
The o p e ra tio n usually in vo lv es a l a r g e n um ber of carbon cop ies
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o f t e n d o n e on a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .

are

cla s sified

in to

le ve ls

on t h e

b asis o f

th e

follo w in g

C lass A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
inclu ding d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p anel w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p erv is ion .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not i n c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d
boards.

B o o k k eep in g -m ach in e b i l l e r .
U ses a bookkeeping m a ch in e (w ith or
w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a l l y in v o lv e s the s im ultan eou s e n try of
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lates
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s not i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e o f b o o k ­
keeping.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .

C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
t i n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s such as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to the s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
class C o p e r a to r s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .

CLERK

C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s such as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit ,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u al s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e ra tio n s .
M ay p erform
sim ple w irin g
from
d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m aintain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P ro cessin g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p ro d u ction r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r t a x d e d u c t i o n s ; e d i t i n g p a y r o l l




are

or

C la ss B.
W o r k is r o u t i n e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c lo s e supervision
o r follo w in g s p e c ific p ro c e d u re s o r in stru ction s, w o rk s f r o m variou s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e rro n e o u s ite m s o r cod es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o r e p ha se s o r s e c tio n s o f a
s et o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
or
s e c t i o n s in c lu d e
accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l ,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot
in c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
trib u tio n , exp e n s e d istrib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tro l, etc.
M a y check o r assist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g
d epartm ent.

PAYROLL

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d
d ata on t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s o r on t a p e .

C la ss A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to be k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .

C la ss A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t i t e m s to be u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

P os itio n s
defin ition s:

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( w i t h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r
to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

C L E R K — Continued

l i s t i n g s a g a i n s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n autom ated p a y r o ll s y s t e m , com pu tes w a g e s .
W o rk m a y re q u ire a p ractical
k n o w l e d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com pu ter s y stem for p ro c e s s in g p a y ro lls .

8

Professional and Technical
C O M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

BU SINESS

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelo p s a c om p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
re q u ire d d igita l com pu ter p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to be u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h i s i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and d ata f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru ns o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g sho uld be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y . )
D o e s n ot in c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C la ss A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p ro b le m s in vo lv in g a ll phases of s ystem an a lysis.
P ro b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t d a ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f output d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ic h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d by the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w i t h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes recom m en d ation s, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b t a i n i n g
equ ip m en t.

C la ss C.
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s es as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
skills r e q u ired fo r s ystem s an alysis w ork.
F o r e xa m p le, m a y a s s is t a h igh er
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
program m ers
from
in fo rm atio n d evelo p ed
by the h i g h e r
l e v e l analyst.
COM PUTER PROGRAMMER,

d irec tio n

to

low er

le ve l

system s

D o e s n ot i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific and/or e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
wage

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

cla ssified

as f o l l o w s :

analysts

C l a s s B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f inpu t d ata
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exa m p le,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b an k, m a i n t a i n i n g
accounts
re ceiva b le
in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w it h p e r ­
sons
c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the d ata p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be a p p l i e d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w it h the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




BU SINESS

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by a u t o m a t i c d ata p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orkin g fr o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f d a t a to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
com pu ters,
and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r ad ap t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
program
d evelo p m en t
and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g sho uld be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
if th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p ay .)

For
M a y p r o v id e fu nctiona l
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

C la ss A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t i f y
th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f the p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t in e ;
p l a n s the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .
A t t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g actions m ust o cc u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such a c t i o n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l i n k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R OPERATOR-

C l a s s B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
or th ree v a rie d sequences or fo r m a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input d a ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f d a t a c a n be t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T yp ica lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w i t h r o u t in e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t be c o r r e c t e d w i t h i n a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n .
This
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l y i n g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r us in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n techn iqu es.

OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r or s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t high er
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d e p en d en tly p e r f o r m in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a s s ign ed ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M ay

g u id e o r

in stru ct

lo w e r

level p rogram m ers.

C la ss C.
M ak es p r a c t ic a l applications o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
routine p r o b le m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w it h r e q u i r e d
procedu re s .

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c l u d e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S tu die s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s etup and o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u i p m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s
operatin g
records.
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g p rogram .
For

wage

stu d y

purposes,

com pu ter

operators

are

c la ssified

as

follo w s:
C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p en d en tly , o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n so th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p en d en tly , o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n ru n s , t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




ontinued

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w it h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by i n d e p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
received
o p erator

C la ss C .
W o r k s on r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t used and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la ss A .
P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h av in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
p receden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w it h the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d esign cha n ges.
A n a l y z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W orks
w it h a m i n i m u m
of su p ervisory
a ssistan ce.
C om p leted
w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m in a tion s.
M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by l o w e r
le v e l d rafters.

C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th a t r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
r e g u la r ly used.
D u t i e s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c is e p osition al relation sh ip s betw een com ponents; p r e p a r e s a rch itectu ral
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s tr u c t io n o f a b uild ing in clu din g d e t a il d ra w in g s o f foun­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e
quantities o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om p leted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la ss C.
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e un it s o r p a r t s f o r
engin eerin g,
con s tru ctio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g,
or rep a ir
purposes.
T ypes of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d inclu de i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th re e d im en s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on solid ates
d etails fro m a number of
s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
S u ggested m eth ods of
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
with in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tru c tion s a r e le s s c o m p le t e when a s s ig n m e n ts
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r i n g p r o g r e s s .

D R AF TE R -TR AC E R

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N --- Continued

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w i t h p en o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s not
i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n ce
w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p ro vid e
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .

AND/OR

W ork

is

P r e p a r e s sim ple o r r e p e titiv e d raw in g s
c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d during p r o g r e s s .

of ea sily

v isu a lize d

ite m s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
In sta llin g, m a intain in g,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l k now led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u i p m e n t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a tin g condition.
T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f th e s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b ) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm ent.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d uty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s wh o h a v e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
or su p ervisory
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s ,
and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en g in eers.
P osition s
d efin itio n s.

are

cla ssified

into

le ve ls

on

th e

basis

o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A.
A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y c an n ot be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e t o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic e qu ip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s i n c lu d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
circu itry ,
e le c tr o m a g n e t ic ra dia tion , is o la tin g m a lfu n ction s,
and f r e q u e n t
en g in e e rin g changes.
W ork in vo lv es :
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g such
ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , tr a c in g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a t i o n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C la ss B .
A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c tr o n ic equipm ent.
W ork in vo lv es :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th an t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c la s s A techn ician .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
l e v e l tech n ician s.
C la ss C .
A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tions which c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
ta sk s as:
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k i n g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu be t e s t e r s ,
oscillo sco p es).
Is n o t r e q u i r e d t o be f a m i l i a r w it h th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T his
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m
train in g)
so that w o r k e r
can
advan ce to h ig h e r l e v e l tec h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
le v e l techn ician .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y spo t c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when n ew o r advanced a ssign m en ts a re in vo lved .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s wh o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s of p atients t r e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c om p e n s a tio n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h ea lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p l a n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lth e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e xc lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n t in u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t such as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g and
l a y i n g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s ho p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence usually a c q u ire d through a f o r m a l a p p ren tice sh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




M AIN TE N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M otor vehicle)

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s such as the i n s t a l ­
l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in vo lv es m ost
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g an y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m e n t such a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b reakers,
m otors,
h e a t i n g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equ ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , layou ts, o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o ls and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lishm en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E xa m in in g au tom otive eq u ip ­
m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th a t i n v o l v e the u s e o f such h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y
b olts.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
v eh icles

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f pain t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r by p l a c i n g p u tt y o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g p a in t w i t h s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o lo rs ,
o ils,
white lead ,
and o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t l e n g th s w it h
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w i t h s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w i t h c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d shop c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p ip e s
m e e t sp ecificatio n s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W ork ers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n i t a t i o n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
a re e xclu d ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and l a y i n g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
s t a n d a r d s ho p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and f i t t i n g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p ractice
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s ,
g r e a s e p a n s,
shelves,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ] o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u t t i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d ed
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e ry)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p i n g and f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h i n e s ho p o r s e n d i n g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s ho p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts f o r o p era tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ainten ance
m ech a n ic
req u ires
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .




T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not i n c l u d e m e c h a n i c s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .

M IL L W R IG H T
In stalls
new m a ch in es
o r h ea vy equipm ent,
and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the p la n t la y o u t a r e
requ ired .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i g n i n g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to be u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t such as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

22

M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H ELPER

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , byp e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p i n g a
w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w it h m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d by j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p lastic, p la s te r, ru bber, g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P l a n n i n g and la y i n g
out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u t a t i o n s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g
v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u s in g v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f i t t i n g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one t y p e o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g i n e l a t h e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a i n t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p lastic, p la s te r,
rubber, gla ss).
W ork ty p ic a lly in vo lv es :
P l a n n i n g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e t t i n g up m a c h i n e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l c u tt in g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g t a b l e s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h an d le the s i z e o f s t o c k to be m a c h i n e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r l a y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m ea su rin g
in stru m en ts; m a kin g n e c e s s a r y
ad ju stm en ts d uring m a ch in in g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u i r e d to
s e le c t p r o p e r coola nts
and c u tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p ra ctice
usually a c qu ire d through c o n s id e ra b le
on -th e-jo b
train in g a n d
e x p erien ce.

in clu d e
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jo b b i n g

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c lu d e t o o l and d i e m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b i n g
s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d i e s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r , h ea t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c ond itioning.
W ork in vo lv es :
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t such as
steam e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to r s , tu rb ines, v en tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t ,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are exclu d ed .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ire s
station ary b o ile r s
to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t, p o w e r , o r
steam .
Feeds
f u e l s t o f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h i n a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e qu ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b etw e en v a rio u s ty p e s of e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s such a s :
M an u factu rin g plants, f r e i g h t d ep o ts, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
sale
and r e t a i l ' e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
or between r e t a i l
establish m en ts
and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p la c e s of b u siness.
M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo ad t r u c k w it h
o r w i t h o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w ork in g o rd er.
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
t y p e o f e q u i p m e n t , as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s ho uld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
o f t r a i l e r c ap acity .)




T R U C K D R I V E R — C o n tin u e d
T r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t t r u c k (u n d e r 1 Vz t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m t r u c k (1 Vz t o and i n c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h ea vy tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
S H IP PIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g ship m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K — Continued

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R — Continued

s h ip p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h ip p i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r ship m ent.
R eceivin g w ork in v o lv e s :
V e rify in g or d irectin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
t a i n i n g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
t y p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and a p p l y i n g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g d a t a on c o n t a i n e r .
Packers
who a lso m a ke wooden b oxes o r c r a t e s a r e exclu ded.
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F o r wage

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

are

cla ssified

as f o l l o w s :

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R eceivin g clerk
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u t ie s w h i c h r e q u i r e
an u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n .
W ork in v o lv e s m ost
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v i o u s d a m a g e s ; r o u t i n g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k i n g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g in ve n to ry o f stored m a te r ia ls ; exam in in g
stored m a t e r ia ls
and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a re h o u s in g d uties.
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s i n v o l v e s h ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tru cks (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a to r ).
ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s ,
custom ers'
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru c tion s .
M a y , in a d d it io n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
catin g it e m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k ee p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e la t e d d uties.
S H IP PIN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts f o r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la c in g them
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t
upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n it s to be p a c k e d , the t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in




A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g
m a te ria ls
o r m e rc h a n d is e
in p r o p e r
storage
l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h andtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , w h o l o a d and u n lo a d s h i p s , a r e e x c l u d e d .
PO W E R -TR U C K O PE R ATO R
O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tro lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d truck
o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s ab o ut a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
truck,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o l l o w s :

are

cla s sified

b y ty p e

of pow er-

F o rk lift opera tor
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )
GUARD AND W ATC H M AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In cludes
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d at g a t e and c h e c k on i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s and
other person s e n te rin g .
p roperty

W atchm an.
M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
a g a i n s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

J A N ITO R ,

PORTER,

p erio d ica lly

in

protecting

OR C L E A N E R

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e ,
a p artm e n t house, o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r oth er esta b lish m e n t.
D uties
in vo lve
a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t i n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e
in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t of the l a te s t bulle tins a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n te d below.
Bulle tins
m a y be p urch ased f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the back
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su perintendent of D o cum ents, U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g
O f f i c e , Wash ington, D.C. 20402.
M ak e checks payable to Su perintendent of
Doc um ents .
A d i r e c t o r y of occupational w ag e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1950 th ro ugh 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on req uest .

Area
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1___________________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , S ep t. 1977___________________
S
T
A n a h e i m — a n ta A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
S
G
C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1977 _____________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 7 ________________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , J u ly 1977 1 _______________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1977__________________________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1977____________________________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y l 9 7 7 * __________________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a , , Sep t. 1977_____________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1___________________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , J u ly 1977 1 ________________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S ep t. 1 9 7 7 1_____________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , Oc t. 197 7 ________________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , Ju ly 1977 1 ________________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 7 7 _____________________________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., M a y 1977 1 _____
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1976 ___________________________________________
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 7 * ________________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 197 6 ______________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1 9 7 7 _________________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 _________________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S ep t. 1977 1____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 7 _______________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H i g h P o i n t ,
N . C . , A u g . 1 977 1__________________________ ______ _________________
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r t a n b u r g , S . C . , June 1977 ______________________
S
H a r t f o r d , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 7 _______________________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A u g . 1 977 1________________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 7 * ______________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , In d ., Oc t. 1977______________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 _______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1977_____________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S ep t. 1977____________________________
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , Oc t. 1 9 7 7 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1977 1 ________________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1977_______________________
A




B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1 90 0 -7 6 , 85 c e n ts
1 9 5 0 - 5 2 , 80 c e n ts
195 0-6 0 ,
1 95 0 -1 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -8 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 3 ,
1 95 0-64,
1 9 5 0 -3 5 ,
1 95 0-6 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 6 ,

$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 c e n ts
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
70 c e n t s
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$ 1.00
$1.20
$1.10
85 c e n ts
$1.00
85 c e n ts
$1.20
70 c e n ts
$1.00
70 c e n ts

1 9 5 0 -4 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -9 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 ,
1 95 0-67,
1 9 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 95 0-61,
1 95 0-66,
1 95 0-63,

$1.10
70 c e n ts
80 c e n ts
$1.40
$1.40
$1.00
$1.50
70 c en ts
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 c en ts

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1977______________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ______________________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M i n n . —W i s . , Jan. 1977 _________________
N a s s a u — u f f o l k , N . Y . , June 1977 ________________________________
S
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1977 ___________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 ___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 7 _________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
N . C . , M a y 1977 _____________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . —N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 7 ______________
H
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1977 1________ ____________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1977 1
_______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Oc t. 1977 1 _________________________________
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 ___________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1977________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_________________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 _____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . ‘—W a s h . , M a y 1977 1_____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1977 __________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n — e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1 9 7 6 ________
N
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I. —
M a s s . , June 1977 1 _________________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1977 1 _______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111. , M a r . 1977 ___________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 ___________________________________
S a g i n a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1977_________________________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y —O g d en , U ta h, N o v . 1 9 7 6 _________________________
S an A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1977 1____________________________________
S an D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
S an F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 ____________________
S an J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 _______________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan 1977 1______________________________
South B e n d , I n d ., A u g . 1 9 7 7 1_____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 197 6 _________________________________________
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , M a y 1977 ___________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S ep t. 1977___________________________________________
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1977 1 ___________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . —M d . —V a . , M a r . 1977 _________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 7 1 _______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 _______________________________________________

l

B ull etin number
and p r i c e *
1 95 0-5 7 ,
1 95 0-14,
195 0-3 ,
195 0-2 7 ,
195 0-7,
195 0-5,
1 95 0-31,

$ 1.00
1.10
$ 1.60
1.00
$ 1.60
$1.60
1.20

195 0-2 0 ,

70 cents

$
$
$

195 0-2 1 , 70 cents
195 0-3 8 , $1.10
1 95 0 -4 9 , $
1 95 0 -5 5 , $
195 0-3 4 , 7 0 c e nt s
1950-62,
195 0-1 ,
$ 1.50
190 0-7 2 , 85 cents
1 95 0-32,
195 0-2 5 , 70 cents
190 0-5 5 , 55 cents

1.10
1.10

$ 1.20

$ 1.20

$
$
$

195 0-2 2 ,
1.20
1 95 0- 23,
1.10
1 95 0- 10,
1.20
1 90 0-71, 55 cents
195 0-59, 70 cents
1 90 0- 65, 5 5 cents
1.10
1 95 0-24,
1 90 0-79, 55 cents
1 95 0-29,
1.20
1.00
1 95 0-19,
1.20
195 0-12,
1 95 0-5 1 , $ 1.1 0
1 90 0-44, 55 cents
1 95 0-18, 80 cents
1 95 0-4 7 , 70 cents
1 95 0-37,
1.10
195 0-1 1 ,
1.20
195 0-1 6 ,
1.10
1 95 0-1 5 , 70 c e nt s
195 0-6 ,
1.10

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region il

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

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Chicago, III. 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
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VIII

IX

X

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