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3.3:
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Area Wage Survey:
Jacksonville, Florida,
Metropolitan Area, December 1976
Bulletin 1900-80




0 °*




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v i d e s re s u lt s o f a D e c e m b e r 197 6 s u r v e y
o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e f its in
the J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l o r i d a , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a ti s ti c a l A r e a
( B a k e r , C la y , Duval, N as sa u , and St. Joh n's C o u n tie s ). T h e s u r ­
v e y was m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , which is d e s i g n e d to y ie ld data f o r
ind iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as w e l l as nation al and r e g i o n a l
e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the
Unite d S t a te s , e xclu d ing A l a s k a and H aw a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is the need to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , through the a n a lys is o f (1) the l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y occupation, and (2) the m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p ro g ra m
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in­
cludin g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s als o
a r e used b y the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee
l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a , oc c u p atio n al
e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
In f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f its is obta ined e v e r y
t h ird y e a r .

E ach y e a r a f t e r all in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s ha ve
b e en c o m p l e t e d , two s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is sued.
The fir s t
b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r eac h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
second p r e s e n t s na tional and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
ind iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e J a c k s o n v i l l e s u r v e y w a s conducted by the B u re a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A tla n ta , G a., un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a ­
tio n s . T h e s u r v e y could not have b e en a c c o m p lis h e d with ou t the
c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o ­
v id ed the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this bulletin.
T h e B u re a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a ti o n f o r the c oop ­
era tion r e c e iv e d .

N o te ;
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and sup ple­
m e n t a r y b e n e f its in the J a c k s o n v i l l e a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r the
m o v i n g and s t o r a g e and laundr-y and d r y c le an in g in d u s tr ie s .
A lso
a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r building t r a d e s ,
p r in tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l tr u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s
o f th es e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See
b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A rea W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-80

Jacksonville, Florida,

A pril 1977

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Ray Marshall, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan Area
D ecem ber 1976

Contents
In tr oduction

Page
. . .

2

* Page
T a b l e s — Continued
B.

Tables:
A.

E a r n in g s :
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . . 3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and te c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________ 5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s o f o f f i c e i
p r o f e s s i o n a l ! and te c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x _____________________
6
A - 4 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m ain te n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p ow e rp la n t
w o r k e r s ________________________________
7
A - 5 . H o u r l y e arn in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s tod ia l
w o r k e r s ________________________________
8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e arn in g s of
m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant , m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x -------------- 9
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e arn in g s f o r s e l e c te d
oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s _______________ 10




E s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M i n i m u m entran ce s a l a r i e s
f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d ty p ists
and c l e r k s _____________________________
B - 2 . L a te shift pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e m anufactu rin g plant
w o r k e r s ________________________________
B - 3 . Scheduled w e e k l y ho ur s and days
of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift
w o r k e r s ________________________________
B - 4 . Annual paid h o lid ays f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s ________________________________
B - 5 . P a id v a c a tio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ____________________
B - 6 . H e alth , in s u ran ce , and pension
plan p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s ________________________________

Ap p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.

11

12

13
14
15

18

Scope and met hod o f s u r v e y
O c c u p ation al d e s c r i p t i o n s . . .

For sale by the Su perintendent o f D ocum ents,
O ffic e ,

W ashington,

D . C.

O ffic e s lis te d on back c o v e r.

1

Superintendent o f Docum ents.

20402,

G PO

U .S .

G overn m en t Printing

Bookstores,

P ric e 85 cents.

or

BLS

R e g io n a l

M ak e checks p a ya b le to




Introduction
n u r s e s , s k il l e d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u fa c tu rin g, and
nonm anu fa cturin g.
T h i s ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s caused by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am ong e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts i n ­
cluded in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , see
appendix A .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 84 in wh ich the U.S.
D e p a rt m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re au o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s
conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e f i ts .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e obta ined by
p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B ureau f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e ­
p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts with in s ix b ro a d industr y
d i v i s i o n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i ­
c atio n, and oth e r public u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l es tate ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r in d u s try gro ups exclu d ed f r o m
th es e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t op e r a tio n s and the c o n ­
s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts
ha vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a r e o m i t t e d b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p l o y m e n t in
the oc c up atio ns studied.
S e p a r a te ta bula tions a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r each o f th e b ro a d in d ustr y d i v i s i o n s
w h ich m e e t pub li cation c r i t e r i a .

B - s e r i e s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r e s e n t in f o r m a tio n on
m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; late
shift p ay p r o v i s i o n s an6 - r a c tic e s f o r plant w o r k e r s
in m anufactu rin g; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r plant and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s on scheduled w e e k l y ho urs and days
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and he alt h, in s u r a n c e , and pension plans.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - l th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s
o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y o r h o u r l y e arn in g s f o r w o r k ­
e r s in oc c up atio ns c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu rin g and no nm anu fa cturin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccup ation s
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l , (c)
m ain te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t, and (d) m a t e ­
r i a l m o v e m e n t and cu s tod ial.
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b l e s A - l a th ro ugh A - 6 a p r o v i d e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m o r e .

A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m ethod s and c o n ­
cepts used in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It
p r o v i d e s in f o r m a t i o n on the sc op e o f the a r e a s u r v e y ,
on the a r e a ' s i n d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r ­
ing, and on l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s trial

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used
by B ureau f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by
oc c u p atio n .

2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division

Number
o
f
workers

Avcra
weekly
(standard

S

S

80
Mean *

Median *

Middle ranged

S

90

S

S

100

110

S

120

1

%

130

140

------- S

150

S

160

S

$

S

170

180

190

S

S

200

210

S

220

S

S

230

240

'S

250

S

S

260

280

and
u n der

300
and

90

100

110

120

-

2
2

4
-

10
10

-

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

219

220

230

■24fl

250

57

84
4
80
2

82
7
75
1

133
21
112
6

148
20
128
1

128
18
110
1

87
15
72

81
18
63

47
11
36

-

-

-

49
5
44
8

27
5
22
3

12
2
10
5

21
1
20
10

18
1
17
15

25
1
24
21

3
3

-

10
6

10
10

3
3

9
6

7
7

11
11

6
6

-

8
7

-

260. -

2.60

300 o v e r

ALL WORKERS
$
177.00
,180.00
176.50
239.00

$
170.00
177.00
168.00
252.00

$
$
151.00-193.00
160.00-193.50
150.00-192.00
227.50-262.50

SECRETARIES -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------- -----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

1,041
129
912
78

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS » ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

80
72

39.0 198.00 198.00 169.50-219.50
39.0 200.00 203.50 170.00-220.00

-

•

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS 8 ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

269
247
32

38.5 186.00 179.50 160.00-206.00
38.5 187.00 180.00 158.00-208.00
38.0 241.50 257.00 240.50-263.50

•
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

380
51
329

39.0 160.00 166.50 153.50-190.50
40.0 179.00 173.50 156.50-195.50
38.5 180.00 166.50 152.00-190.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --- ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------- ---NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

291
48
243

38.5 160.00 155.00 134.50-178.00
40.0 182.50 183.00 164.00-199.00
38.5 155.50 155.00 132.00-172.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

247
237

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

8

18

8
3

18
2

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

•

-

57
-

.

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

1
1
-

10
10
*

13
13
-

18
17
-

22
22
5

29
22
-

42
35
-

31
29
-

22
18
-

18
18
-

20
19
1

8
8
1

6
6
1

4
4
3

10
10
10

12
12
10

1
1
1

2
2
-

-

_
-

-

6
6

2
2

25
1
24

31
5
26

72
16
56

66
3
63

39
2
37

33
6
27

34
6
28

11
5
6

10
3
7

6
6

5
2
3

7
7

7
1
6

8
1
7

4
•
4

14
•
14

-

2
2

4
4

3
3

43
43

39
3
36

28
1
27

34
5
29

35
6
29

37

16
5
11

9
6
3

7
1
6

6
5
1

1

4

1

2
_
2

1

28

20
7
13

1

4

•
-

39.0 191.50 204.00 130.00-253.50
39.0 193.50 204.00 127.50-253.50

-

.
-

22
22

19
19

19
19

19
16

8
5

11
7

4
4

1
1

10
10

4
4

33
33

1
1

-

4
4

3
3

60
60

28
28

1
1

108
92

40.0 186.00 161.50 144.00-229.00
39.5 191.50 162.00 142.50-263.00

•
-

-

-

10
10

5
2

11
11

13
9

5
4

18
14

2
2

4
-

-

1
1

9
9

4
4

?
2

14
14

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINF TYPISTS -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

132
125

38.0 148.50 134.00 119.50-160.00
38*0 148.00 133.00 119.00-159.50

•
-

_
-

17
17

17
17

21
21

19
18

14
13

9
8

13
10

3
3

1
-

-

-

1
1

-

4

TYPISTS. CLASS A -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- -------

93
93

38.5 156.00 143.00 121.00-204.O0
38.5 156.00 148.00 121.00-204.00

-

_

-

-

12
12

10
10

15
15

4
4

10
10

3
3

3
3

1
1

5
5

5
5

18
18

5
5

2
2

TYPISTS, CLASS 9 -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

245
236

38.0 121.50 117.50 104.00-126.50
38.0 121.50 117.00 104.00-126.00

6
6

41
41

37
34

54
54

55
52

25
22

6
6

8
8

1
1

-

6

-

_

-

1
1

6

*

-

-

FILE CLERKS, CLASS R ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------

124
124
26

38.0 131.00 110.50
98.00-152.CP
38.0 131.00 110.50
98.00-152.00
38.5 212.00 224.00 179.50-248.50

-

36
36

22
22

23
23

4
4

3
3

3
3

“

-

*

2

1
1
1

*

5

-

3
3
3

.

-

1
1
1

2

-

4
4
3

-

-

9
9
3

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

374
373

38.5 102.00
38.5 102.00

92.00-106.00
92.00-106.00

30
30

162
162

131
131

20
20

6

5

14
14

11
11

-

-

-

-

”

“

MESSENGERS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

152
144

38.5 123.50 117.00 100.00-133.50
38.5 124.00 117.00 100.00-133.50

3
3

27
27

31
31

31
26

18
15

14
14

5
5

5
5

3
3

3
3

3
3

2

2

2

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

123
117

39.5 124.50 116.00
39.0 124.00 116.00

13
12

19
18

11
9

23
23

9
9

4

-

1
1

-

3

4
4

1

-

32
32

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

204
53
151

39.5 124.50 121.00 107.50-140.00

-

26

26

27

58

20

16

16

8

3

3

39.0 122.00 120.00 103.50-135.50

-

26

18

20

44

12

10

11

7

1

1

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

99.00
99.00

98.00-136.50
94.50-136.50

4

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




3

-

9

-

_

-

-

10
10

-

12
12

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

7
7
7

-

-

-

5
5

1
1
1

-

*

-

*

•

_

*

.
“

_
*

*

*

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

.

-

*

-

-

-

2
2

.

*

4
4

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

•

_

m

L

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

T able A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w orkers in Jacksonville, Fla., Decem ber 1 9 7 6 — C ontinu ed
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we ek ly earnings of—
S------1------i-----

S------1------S

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard]

i

T

----- 5----- S----- 5------ 5------S

$

$

s

S

i--- 5--- r

S

80

90

100

HO

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22 0

23 0

2*0

250

260

28 0

90

Occupation and industry division

300

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19Q

200

210

220

23 0

2*0

250

260

28Q

3Q Q over

11

29
9

22

1

6

1

21

17
4
13

43

20

7
7

-

26
26

22

73
34
39

39

28

22

10

2

11

4
4

-

8

5
5

-

2

39
39

-

17

3
7

-

29

5
17

15
7

6

10

20

2

-

96

161
24
137

140
29

69

38
13
25

31
13
18

26
4

9
3

26

22

6

26

M iddle range £

ALL W O R K E R S - CONTINUED
O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

125
26
99

90 .0
90 .0
90 .0

13 8. 50
13 8. 50
13 8.00

$
$
$
19 0. 00 1 2 6 . 0 0 118.0019 9. 50
19 0. 00 1 2 6 . 0 0 -

A C CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

300
72
228

38 .5
90 .0
38 .5

17 5. 00
16 9. 50
17 7. 00

16 3.00
15 9. 50
16 7.50

155.0019 9. 50
157.50-176.00
150.0021 7 . 0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S 3 --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

858
137
721

38 .5
90 .0
38 .5

13 9. 00
1 9 9. 00
13 2. 50

12 9. 50
19 0. 00
1 2 6. 50

115.0019 9. 00
130.0C-150.0C
110.0019 5. 00

65
91

39.5
39 .5

19 8 . 5 0
1 9 3. 50

1 5 5. 50
19 9. 00

135.001 2 0 .00-

17 0. 00
1 6 0. 00

7
7

122
39
83

39.0
90 .0
39.0

15 5. 50
1 5 8. 00
15 9. 00

15 0. 00
19 9. 50
15 0. 00

139.001 6 9. 00
1 3 0 . 0 0 - 17 6. 00
138.0C-167.00

3
3
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

289
270
30

39.0 15 6. 50 15 0. 50
39.0 15 6. 00 15 0. 00
37.0 2 3 a .00 2 3 6 . 5 0

K EYPUNCH

649

39.0
90 .0
39.0

$

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S B --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------p a y r o l l c l e r k s ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- ----

OPERATORS,

CLASS

8

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

See

foo tn o tes

57
592

19 2. 50
19 1. 00
19 3. 00

13 0. 00
1 3 8. 50
1 2 9. 00

15 0. 50
15 0. 00
15 0. 50

132.00132.00229.00-

15 0.00
19 9.50
15 0. 00

9
7

1

77

97

-

-

8

77

97

88

111

2

76
33
43

3
3

37

10

59

6

1
1

11

8

1

15

16

2

8

1

10

6

16

23
5
18

10

3

5
5

3

3

2

2

2
-

3

1
2

1

1

2

1

-

2

3
3
3

9
9
3

9
9
9

3
3
3

8

12

-

3
9

14
9
5

18
5
13

15

99
99
-

35
39
-

51
50
-

57
55
-

93
37

10

9

10

6

2

-

1

“

3

-

-

116
3
113

89
28
61

85
19
71

45

33

12

2

6

2

93

27

10

8

45

150

-

2

95

198

4

2

-

6

at en d o f ta b le s .




1

6

16 3. 00
16 2. 00
258.50

117.00130.00116.00-

9
3

1

3

3

2

1

8
8
8
98

2

98

2

•
-

T ab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in Jacksonville, Fla., D ecem ber 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and in dus try division

ALL

Number
of

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s

$

s
130

w eekly
houre
(standard

1

Mean

*

M edian

*

Under
and
S
under
130
140

M iddle ranged

140

150

160

170

r e ce iv in g st r ai gh t - ti m e we ek ly earnings of ----

S

t

S

180

190

1
200

l
210

$

5
220

230

$
240

'S
250

$
260

S
280

300

$
320

s
340

i
360

380
and

150

160

-

-

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

•

•

-

250

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

ove r

1

b

13

22

17
14

38

8

5

5

7
7

28
28

13
13

11
11

3
3

•
-

-

-

18

25
25

9
8

1

10

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

-

*

•
*

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * CLASS B ---------------------------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS C -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

$

$

$

3 1 5. 00

31 5. 50

288.5 0 -3 3 2 .0 0

$

116
107

3 9 .0

ti8
88

38.5
38.5

26 6. 0 0

26 8. 00
26 8 .0 0

-

247.5 0 -2 8 8 .0 0
247,50-288.00

2 6 6 .0 0

j y " J Jc i 3 v

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

3

3

1

2

-

3

1

3

11

8

2

3

8

4
4

2

11

1

2

3

13
13

3
3

13
13

-

46
9
37

32

17

1

21
2

31

19

3
3

3
3

3
3

-

2

3

2

2

3

7
7

9
9

13
13

12

20

12

20

18
14

33
33

18
17

16

1

5
5

1

1

1

1

1

7
7

2

(B U S I N E S S ) ,
125

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B ------------------------------ -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

194
177

39 .0
39 .0

24 1. 0 0
24 3. 0 0

2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0

217.0C-261.50
219.0 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

-

-

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C ---------------------— — — ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

46
47

39 .0
39 .0

193.00
193.00

181 .00
180.00

164.00-225.50
163.00-225.50

-

1

66

39 .0
39 .0

2 2 2 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0

.

-

-

21 9.0 0

2 1 1 .0 0

191.50-251.50
1 88.00-242.50

-

63

-

“

-

“

2S9
26
233

39 .0
40.0
39 .0

181.00
178.50
181.00

172 .50
178 .00
172.50

159.50-197.00
160.50-190.00
157.00-197.00

9

24

24

-

10
-

9

10

24

23
7

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

-

39 .0
39 .0

173.50
174.50

170.00
170 .00

1 42.50-212.00
142.50-212.50

*1 1

10

11

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

CLASS

------------------------------------—

51

40 .0

245.50

244.0 0

230.00-258.50

CLASS B

-----------------------------------------

61

40.0

1 9 8. 5 0

186.50

180.50-224.00

DRAFTERS,

CLASS C

-----------------------------------------

35

40.0

1 5 6. 0 0

159.50

140.00-167.50

-------------

33

39.5

2 2 2 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0

203.5 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

I NDUS TRI AL

NURSES

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e a t $120 to $130.

S e e fo o tn o te s

8 at $110 to

$ 1 2 0 ; and 3 at $120 to

4

6

2
-

1
-

-

2
-

7

1

1

2

1

*

2

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

1

*

*

*

*

*

•

*

8

12

3

8

-

-

-

-

5

5

7

2

15

12

4

1
4

1

-

1

1

-

3

3

1

5

5

5

-

-

7

1

7

-

8

6

5

4

2

1

2

-

-

•

•

*

*

*

4

1

1

5

3

5

1
-

12
-

8

3

$130.

-

1
-

1

**

3
2

1

1

26
26

11

-

2

1

1

12

4

<
♦

2

1

1

12

-

1

3

2

1

12

4

16
16

*

22

a t end o f t a b le s .




6

7
7

6

6

2

__________
*
**

1

36
9
27

97

101

DRAFTERS,

REGISTERED

-

•

14
13

DRAFTERS,

A

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

3

*

“

*

1

*

Table A -3 . Average w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in Jacksonville, Fla., D ecem ber 1976
A verage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, } occupation,

a n d in du st ry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average
(m e a n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation,

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - MEN
72

W eekly
hours 1
[standard]

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS muMEN— C O m T I ' iuej

$

60
53

a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation,

a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

39T0

369

38.5

102.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
lOU j 111Q J 9 LL A jo L

271.50

72

3^.0

CLASS A ------------------------------

.
nTrr

1.039
910
77

-»/-v

___

38.5 176.50
38.5 238.00

vL A J j

79

«

209
53

38.0 291.50

153

39.0 291.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS).
198.50

A L L U U n 1 IN v J

L L L H I' j ^

L L .>b j

d

3U0

90.0 138.00
90.0 138.50
90.0 138.00
17' 50
7 0 " 0 169.50
38.5 176.00

152

792

30 r 106 OC
"
38.5 187.00
30.0

129
26
98
" 93
‘
72
221

MANUFACTUR-ING---------- -— ------

197.00

269
297

1

SWITCHBOARD O^EPATOR-pECEPTI0NISTS-

106

124*00 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CLASS B -----------------------------39.5 124,50

38.5 132.50

j j

-.✓ N
39 e 0 163.00

J l

668
30*^

UN A r I t K i f

LL ° j j

A

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
..93
r A TH ULL

LLLnPi 5

39 0
230

3 9.0

108
92

03

186.00
39.5 191.50

191 *
”0

157.00

_ 192.50

30 0
38.0
91

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS),
44

191.00
38.S

•jy . u

39 • 5
NONMANUFACTURING

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL

L U "1 * U 1 L i «

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
r IL L

L L L K " i> t

LLA j j

■■

" "

" " "

* " " "

3 8 . 0 125.50

1 DU j 1 1.L j j 1 f

LL Aj j

U r L K H 1U n j j

NONMANUFACTURING

73

3 9.5

LL Aj J

40
96

5

38.5 185.50

33

39*5 222.00

L

------------------------------------

n

92

322.50

J
___
See

fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le s .




173.50

------------------------------------

6

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in J a ckson ville, F la., D ecem b er 1976
Hourly earnings 4
N

Occupation and industry d ivision

Num ber o f w ork ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings o f—
S
3
1
3
S
$
s
S
i
$
$
S
!
S
*
S
S
S
S
3.0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3.6 0 3.8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4*- -C 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .60 5.8 0 6 . 0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7.2 0

l

of
w
orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

s
s
1 ------ S.
7.60 8.0 0 8.4 0 8.8 0

and
under
3.2 0

3.4 0

-

-

3.6 0 3.8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0 5 .4 0

5 .6 0 5 .80 6 .0 0 .6.40

6.8 0

7.2 0

7.6 0

8.0 0 8.4 0

8.8 0

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

S7
27

$
6 .7 2
5 .7 A

$
7.5 0
6.0 0

$
$
6 .0 0 - 7.5 1
A . 7 5 - 6 .4 9

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

122
114

7 .0 3
7 • 0A

7.51
7.51

5 .9 0 - 8 .1 6
5 .9 0 - 8 .1 6

-

-

*

-

-

------------------------

50

6 .9 4

8 .1 6

5 .8 0 - 8 .1 6

2

-

2

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

75
70

6 .8 9
6 .8 8

6 .9 6
6 .9 6

6 .5 1 - 7 .6 5
6 .5 1 - 7 .7 8

-

.

*

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

382
37 8

6.0 7
6.1 0

5.8 0
5.8 0

4 .9 5 - 6 .8 4
5 .0 5 - 6 .9 8

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------- — ----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

31 a
107
207
50

5 .9 3
5.6 1
6.1 0
7.37

5 .5 6
5 .5 5
5.6 0
7.1 3

5 .4 5 4 .9 0 5 .4 5 6 .9 9 -

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS -------------------

70

7.7 5

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

49
32

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ------------------------

97

MAINTENANCE

p a in t e r s

•
-

2
2

.

1
1

1
1

-

-

.

*

•

3
3

3
3

14
13

3
3

-

-

-

2

1

-

“

5
5

*

.
“

1
1

•

2
2

12
12

9
9

62
62

9
9

2
2

2
2

_

•

-

*

6
6

-

1

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

.
-

*

*

*

9
9

-

2

.

*

2
-

6 .3 3
5 .6 9
6 .9 4
7 .9 7

*

-

6
6
-

-

7 .7 8

7 .5 1 - 8 .1 6

-

-

-

A . 90
a . 93

A . 66
A . 59

4 .1 5 - 5 .4 2
4 .0 ft - 6 .1 6

-

-

1
1

6 .8 6

7 .2 3

6 .0 7 - 7 .6 4
7 .3 4 - 7 .6 9
5 .4 4 - 6 .8 8

*

5
5

8
8

-

19
3

-

-

-

12
-

6
6

1
1

13
13

7
-

12
12

8
8

46
46

-

-

1

-

3

-

-

6

1

27

-

-

1
1

-

*

1
1

6
6

19
19

17
12

6
6

5
5

14
14

-

“

14
14

57
57

7
7

35
35

36
36

30
30

4
4

24
24

-

68
68

-

12
12
*

112
35
77
*

16
10
6

10
10
1

35
7
28

7
1
6
“

31
•
31
23

5
5
4

20
2
18
18

12
12
-

.
-

-

-

2
.
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

22

8

34

-

-

-

2
1

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

4

10

6

7

1

19
16
3

19
16
3

*

2
2
*

5
4
1
1

5
5
*

20
20

*

*

•

14
5
9
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

9
7

'2
-

3
3

1

8
6

2
2

•
*

2
*

-

9
2

2

4

7

4

r- ,

16
16

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




2
—

*

1
1

10

*

•

2
2

-

7

8
8

-

-

-

12
12

T able A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in Jacksonville, F la., D ecem b er 1976
H ourly earnings

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
s
3 .2 0

S

3 . 00

3 .0 0

3 . 20

3 ,4 0

3 .6 0

3
3
T
S
2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0
Mean 2

Median*

Middle range 2

S

3 .4 0

"5“
3.

60

3 ------- 3 ------- T 3 ------- T "
I
3 ------- T
3 . 8 9 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 40 4 . 6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 . 20

5
5 .6 0

3 -------3 --------!
S
3 -------3 ------6 .0 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 . 2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0

5 . 60

6 • 90

6 .4 0

38
36
2

22
10
12

47
17
30

2
2

4
2
2

37
9
28

and
u nder
2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 , 80 4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 ,4 0

4 . 60

4 ,8 0

5.00

5 .2 0

8 .0 0

over

6 ,8 0

7 .2 0

7 ,6 0

7
•

25
-

•
•

.

89
-

•

7

25

-

-

89

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

5
-

.

-

23
-

.

6

5

-

-

23

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

66
66

-

1

20
•
20

-

ALU WORKERS

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

923
230
693

$
4 .2 5
4 .3 6
4 .2 2

$
3 .9 2
4 .4 4
3 .6 5

$
$
3 . 2 0 - 4 .9 0
3 . 7 6 - 5 .0 0
2 . 8 0 - 4 .6 0

17
17

80
80

73
5
68

31
31

22
9
13

76
5
71

63
5
58

56
37
19

46
17
29

31
10
21

87
20
67

93
54
39

TRU CKD RIVERS. LIG H T TRUCK ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

115
99

3 .2 7
3 .1 8

3 .5 0
3 .2 0

2 .5 0 2 .5 0 -

3 .8 6
3 .6 5

10
10

25
25

1
1

3
3

1
1

17
17

18
13

9
6

20
20

9
1

_

•

.

TRU CKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

294
69
225

3 .7 6
4 .1 0
3 .6 5

3 .2 1
3 .8 0
2 .8 0

2 .6 0 3 .6 3 2 .6 0 -

4 .2 5
4 .4 7
3 .7 5

7
7

31
31

72
5
67

28
28

2
-

9
9

30
19
11

16
8
8

2
2

2

19
5
14

TRU CKD RIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A IL E R ) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

337
84
253

5 .1 4
4 .6 7
5 .3 0

4 .9 0
5 .0 0
4 .6 0

4 .2 5 4 .4 4 3 .5 0 -

6 .5 4
5 .0 0
7 .7 8

-

24

-

-

-

-

3
3

34
34

-

4
4
*

-

-

18
9
9

-

24

TRU CKD RIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A IL E R ) :
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

57

4 .2 6

4 .5 5

3 .6 2 -

4 .5 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

15

R E C E IV IN G CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

167
143

4 .6 3
4 .6 5

4 .7 5
4 .9 4

4 .0 0 4 .0 0 -

5 .0 9
5 .2 8

_

13
13

.

*

3
3

*

1
1

1
1

9
9

1
1

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G CLERKS -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------- — — —

50
30

5 .0 5
5 .4 9

4 .5 5
4 .5 5

3 .9 5 4 .0 3 -

5 .2 5
6 .9 0

_

-

-

_

-

5

-

-

~

-

-

*

*

*

*

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------

583
54
529

3 .9 8
4 .3 1
3 .9 5

3 .8 3
4 .1 5
3 .8 3

3 .2 5 3 .8 5 3 .2 5 -

4 .4 6
4 .8 3
4 .4 6

-

35
35

-

*

28
28

*

67
4
63

21
21

33
33

ORDER F IL L E R S

705
688

3 .7 2
3 .7 3

3 .0 0
3 .0 0

2 .7 5 2 .7 5 -

4 .0 5
4 .0 &

51
51

59
55

87
87

143
136

45
44

39
39

S H IP P IN G

124
49

3 .3 1
3 .3 8

3 .3 0
3 .2 5

3 .0 0 3 .1 0 -

3 .7 8
3 .5 5

5
5

20

.

1

-

-

24
15

----------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------

PACKERS ----------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------

-

dT.bri

1
-

1

1

13
10
3

59
21
38

10
3

*

16
2
14

4
4

37
36
1

4
4

5

*

6

29

-

-

“

2

-

-

-

9
6

26
17

3

17
17

4
1

9
6

30
30

7
7

13
13

20
18

1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

13
10

-

-

-

5

-

2

-

.

*

*

•

*

-

-

2
2

-

-

12
7

75
8
67

72
9
63

44
9
35

55
10
45

27
27

20
20

30
30

9
2
7

17
2
15

20
10
10

30
-

•
-

30

59
59

14
9

14
14

25
25

1
1

—

•

*

*

16
16

4
4

16
16

30
30

64
64

21
14

15
4

7

2
2

3
2
1

3
3

_

-

2

-

-

-

21
2
19

-

-

2

1

7
5
2

21
20
1

75
75

72
19
53

8
8

10

7

-

-

-

10

7

52
13
39

67
49
18

53
53

-

58
58

-

*

“

“

-

-

71
44
27
9

13
4
9

7

3

5

-

3

-

5
5

7

10
6
4

“

14
10
4

17
14
3

6
4
2

15
15

64

33

64

25

-

-

8

1
79
47
32

31
24
7

105
16
89

42
37
5

93
38
55

4 .0 0 4 .0 0 3 .5 5 3 .4 0 -

5 .7 5
5 .4 3
5 .7 5
5 .6 3

.
*

7
3
4

12
9
3

18
1
17

11
10
1

17
10
7

-

“

38
17
21
13

26
24
2

“

19
6
13
5

-

*

*

2 .5 0
3 .3 0
2 .5 0

2 .3 0 3 .2 5 2 .3 C -

2 .5 5
4 .7 4
2 .5 0

497

425

129

17

11

1

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

425

129

17

32
20
12

4

497

23
8
15

4

11

1

18

2 .3 0
4 .4 7
2 .3 0

2 .3 0 3 .3 0 2 .3 0 -

2 .5 0
5 .1 9
2 .4 0

962
13
949

253
4
249

31
2
29

36
14
22

35
15
20

46
28
18

20
14
6

3
3

25

8

16
9

5
3

4 .8 8
5 .0 0
4 .6 3
4 .5 9

4 .6 4
4 .7 1
4 .2 0
3 .4 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 .2 0 2
43
1 ,1 5 9

2 .5 9
3 .8 6
2 .5 5

J A N IT O R S . PO R TE R S. ANO CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 ,5 7 5
243
1 ,3 3 2

2 .7 2
4 .1 9
2 .4 5

3 .0 0 3 .0 5 2 .9 0 -

-

W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 8 .4 0 to $ 8 .8 0 .
a t end o f t a b le s .




-

1
-

55
35
20

602
397
205
31

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

5
2
3

21

---------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

*

-

5
4
1

21

3 .5 0
3 .9 0
3 .5 0

operators

-

55
2
53

3 .7 9
3 .8 5
3 .7 4

FO R K L IF T

*

28
3
25

738
329
409

8

5
5

15
12
3

4 .6 1
4 .6 1
3 .9 0

M ATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

15
5
10

1
27
27

7

*

28
18
10

5

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

•

-

“

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
38

-

-

-

-

-

-

*7
7

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

28

-

-

-

-

59
55
4
4

-

„
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

28

1

33

-

33

-

-

1

6

•
6

-

1

-

6

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

1

-




Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom
p o w erp lan t, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and custodial w orkers,
by sex, in Jacksonville, Fla., Decem ber 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry di vision

N um ber
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnin gs*

Sex,

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------

3 occupation, and industry division

Num ber
of

A verage
(m e a n * )
h ourly
e a rn in g s 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
5b
26

$
6 ,7 7
5 .8 2

122
114

so

6.9A

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------- -------- —

75
70

6.89
6 .8 8

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

3a2
378

6 .0 7
6 .1 0

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

31A
107
207
50

5.93
5#bl
6 .1 0
7 .3 7

69

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) :
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------

57

$
4.26

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

153
129

66
4.68

S HI PP IN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

95
30

5.18
5.49

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

499
53
446

3.89
4.29
3.84

ORDER FI LLERS ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

447
441

4.10
4 .1 1

7 .0 3
7 . 0A

------------------------------

TRUCKCRIVERS -

7 .7 9

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS

-----------------------------------------------

53

3.24

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

647
302
345

3.83
3 .8 7
3 .7 9

FORKLIFT OPERATORS

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

595
395
200
31

4.88
5 .0 0
4.63
4.59

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1,1 5 7
43
1 ,1 1 4

2 .5 8
3 ,8 6
2.53

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

899
209
690

2 .9 4
4.29
2.53

ORDER FILLER S --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

258
247

3 .0 5
3 .0 6

SHIP PIN G PACKERS --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

71
55

3 .3 7
3 .4 1

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

45
45

2 .9 7
2 .9 7

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

676
34
642

2.42
3 .5 6
2.36

S HI PP IN G PACKERS
MAINTENANCE PIPE FI TTE RS

-----------------------

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

49
32

A . 90
A . 93

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ---------------------

97
S3
44

6 .8 6
7 • AA
6.16

BOILER TENDERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

A8
AA

5 .8 0
6.05

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

TRUCKCRIVERS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

916
230
686

A . 26
A . 36
A . 23

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT TRUCK --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

108
92

3 .2 5
3 .1 A

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM TRUCK -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

29A
69
225

3* 76
A . 10
3.65

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(TR AILE R) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

337
8A
253

5.1A
A . 67
5.30

m anufacturing

-----------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

See footnotes at end of t ab les .

9




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for em ploym ent shifts.
in Jacksonville, Fla., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group
(me n and w om en combined)

A l l indu str ie s:
Office c l e r i c a l . __________ _____________ __ _ ______ ____
Elect ron ic data p r o c e s s i n g
__ _______
In dustrial n u rs e s __ __ ___ _ ________
Skilled maintenance t r a d e s * * * __________ _ _ _ ___
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s * * * ____________
__ ______
Man ufacturing:
___ ___________ . _____
___ _
_
Office c l e r i c a l .
Electr onic data p r o c e s s i n g _ _ __________ _ _________
Industrial n u r s e s
__ _ ______________ ____ ____ ________
Skilled maintenance t r a d e s * * * ___ ______ __
____ _
Un skilled plant w o r k e r s * * * _________________ ________
No nm anufacturing:
Office c l e r i c a l . . _________________ _____ _
Electr onic data p r o c e s s i n g ________ _________________
Indus tr ial n u rs e s __________________ ______ _ _
Skilled maintenance t r a d e s * * * ____
_____
Un skilled plant w o r k e r s * * * ______ __________ _
_
_____

*
**
***

D e c e m b e r 1972
to
D e c e m b e r 1973

D e c e m b e r 1973
to
D e c e m b e r 1974

D e c e m b e r 1974
to
D e c e m b e r 1975

7.9
*

9.2
7.9
**

9.3
6.7
9.7
7.1
4.9

7.3

**
**
**

**
**
**

7.7
9.6

9.5
7.1

9.4

7.5

6 .6

6 .1

**
**

**
**
10.5

* *

8.7
11.7

**
*
**

10.7
1 1 .6

#*

8 .2

1 2 .1

11.7

9.5

7.9
*

9.4
7.9
**
**
13.0

**
1 1 .8

Data not a va il ab le.
Data do not m e e t publication c r i t e r i a .
P e rc e n t i n c r e a s e s f o r pe ri ods ending p r i o r to 1976 rela te to me n only.

10

1.7

D e c e m b e r 1975
to
D e c e m b e r 1976

6 .1

9.0
8 .6

9.6

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
T ab le B-1. M in im um entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Jacksonville, F la., D ecem ber 1976
In experienced typists
M a n u f a c t u ri n g
Minim um w eekly straight-tim e s a la r y 5

O ther inexperienced c l e r ic a l w o rk ers)6
M an u fa ct u ri n g

N o n m a n u fa c t u ri n g

B a s e d on st a n d a rd w e e k l y h o u r s 7 o f —

All

s ch ed u le s

40

All
s c h ed u le s

40

45

XXX

in

XXX

XXX

.1 5 6

All

No n m a n u fa ct u ri n g

B a s e d on s tan dar d w e e k l y hours]7 o f —

All
in d u s t r i e s

40

All
s c he d ul e s

45

XXX

in

48

12

12

1

•

All
s c h ed u le s

37 V2

40

37 V2

-----------------------

156

ESTABLISHMENTS h a v i n g A s p e c i f i e d
MINIMUM ----------------------------------------------------------

25

6

6

19

9

5

_

_

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

5

5

4

1
-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

1

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED

UNDER
185.00
S87.50
*90.00
*92.50
*95.00
*97.50
*100.00
*105.00
*110.00
*115.00
*120.00
*125.00
*130.00
*135.00
* 1A 0 . 00
*145.0U
*150.00
*155.00
*160.00
*165.00
*170.00
*175.00

S85.03 ------------------------------------------ANO UNOER *87.50 --------------------AND UNDER *90.00 --------------------AND UNDER $9?.50 --------------------AND UNDER *95.00 ------------ '-------AND UNDER * 9 7 . 5 0 -------------------------AND UNOER *100.00 -----------------------AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
JNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOEh

*105.00 --------------------*110.00 --------------------*115.00 ------- -- ---------*120.00 --------------------*125.00 --------------------*130.00 --------------------*135.00 — --------------41AO.00 --------------------*1A S . C 0 --------------------*150.00 --------------------*155.00 --------------------*lb0.03 --------------------*165.00 --------------------*170.00 --------------------*175.00 ---------------------

UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
OVER ---------------------------------------------

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ---------------------------------------------------— — — —
ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY --------------------------

XXX

23

7

-

•

-

-

-

9

7

36
i

3

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

1

3

-

2

3

-

-

3

*

1

1
-

-

4
4

1
-

1
-

3

•

2
-

5

1

1

5
5

2

2

3
4
4
3

2
3
3

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

4
4

2

2

2

-

1

1

3

2

-

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

5

5

-

-

-

3

1
-

1
-

2

1
-

-

3
-

1
-

2
-

-

-

1
-

1

-

“

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

-

*

-

“

1
1

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

51

19

XXX

80

XXX

XXX

57

14

“

19

7

112

32

1

-

-

-

S e e fo ot n ot es at end of t a bl es .




XXX

11

1
-

1
-

1
-

1
“

-

1
-

1

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

XXX

43

XXX

XXX




Table B -2 . Late s h ift pay provisions for fu ll-tim e m anufacturing
plant w o rkers in Jacksonville, Fla., D ecem ber 1976
( A l l f u l l - t i m e m a n u f a c t u r i n g pl an t w o r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t )
W o r k e r s on la te sh ifts

A ll w orkers 8
Item
Seco nd sh ift

T h i r d sh if t

Seco nd shift

T h i r d shift

IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS -----

8 6.8

71.3

15.5

8 .9

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ----WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK --------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL ------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL -----------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL --------- ------------------------

8.0
78.9
77.5
1.4
-

1.8
69.5
59.0
10.5

1.5
13.9
13.9
.1
-

.1
8.8
7.9
-

11.2
8.0

14.7
-

11.9
8.0

15.5

4 .2
2.5
4,6
14.3
19.4
2.7
4.9

1.8

.3
.3
1.4
3.2
1.0
.8
1 .1
1.9
2.3
.9
_
-

.2
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS

.9

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL ---------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL --------------------

-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR:
5 CENTS ------------------------------------------6 CENTS ------------------------------------------8 CENTS ------------------------------------------9 CENTS ------------------------------------------10 CENTS -----------------------------------------11 CENTS -----------------------------------------12 CENTS
—— 13 CENTS -----------------------------------------14 CENTS -----------------------------------------15 C E N T S ----------- ---- ------------------------16 CENTS -----------------------------------------17 CENTS -----------------------------------------18 CENTS -----------------------------------------19 CENTS -----------------------------------------20 CENTS -----------------------------------------22 CENTS -----------------------------------------25 CENTS -----------------------------------------32 CENTS -----------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
8 PERCENT ----------------------------------------

7,2
12.2
2.8
2.6
-

-

1.5
1.1
13.6
1.8
2.8
14.3
6.7
.9
2.8
2.7
1.8
1.6
2.6
2.8

1.4

•6
*

.3
.3
.4
.3
3.0
1.0
.2
.7
.5
.2
.2
.6
.1

.1

-

-

.9

OTHER D I F F E R E N T I A L :

F U L L D A Y 'S PAY FO R R E D U C E D H/J~<S PLUS CENTS —

-

Se e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

12

1>5

T able B -3 .

Scheduled w ee k ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w orkers in Jacksonville, F la., D ecem ber 1976
Off ice w o r k e r s

Pl ant w o r k e r s
Item

A l l industries

M anu facturin g

WORKERS ----------------------

100

100

1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------------HOURS-6 D A Y S ------------------- --— -------- -------HOURS-5 D A Y S --------------------- --------------------1/4 HOURS-5 D A Y S ---------- ----------------------1/3 HOURS-5 D A Y S --------------------- — -------1/3 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------8/10 HOURS-5 DAYS -------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------4 CAYS — — — — —— —
— —
— - - - - - - 4 1/2 DAYS — — — —
— — — — —
5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS — ----------------- --------------------1/2 HOURS-5 D A Y S ------------ — -------- -------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------------- -----H O U R S ----------------------- ---------------------------------5 CAYS -------------------------------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS — —
— — — —
— —
HOURS --------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------------6 D A Y S -------- ----------------------- ------ ----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 1/2 D A Y S -------- — ------ -----HOURS-6 D A Y S ------------------------- ---------- -----HOURS-5 D A Y S ------- ------- ------- — ----------4/10 HOURS-5 D A Y S --------- — ------- -------

(1 0 )
1
(1 0 )
2
3
79
1
78
2
1
1
5
5
(1 0 )
3
2
1
1
2
1

Nonmanufacturing

P u b li c utilities

A l l industries

Manufa ctur ing

No nm anuf actur ing

P u bl ic utilities

100

100

100

lo o

100

100

»
-

.

_

3
5
2
2
32

*
“
7
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
all

17
20
30
35
36
36
37
37
38
38
40

42
42
43
44

46
47
48
50
50

3
81
3
78
5

6
6
5
5
-

(1 0 )
1
1
3
3
78
78
-

-

4

1
1
«
1
«
2

-

2
*

40.6

1
53

1
99
-

(10)

3

52

97
-

•
1
-

-

-

-

5

1
49
49
1
-

40.4

.

-

-

3

-

2
5
2
2
29
5

100
lo o
-

1
1
5

-

-

(1 0 )

-

(1 0 )
(10)
(10)
(1 0 )

o

45

f u l l - tim e

38.9

4 0 .0

3 8 .8

(1 0 )
•
(10)
(1 0 )
-

-

42
50

50

•

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS

See

fo o tn o te

at

end

of




40.4

o

ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -------------------

t a b le s .

13

3 8 .6

T a b le B -4 .

A nnual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Jacksonville, Fla., D ecem ber 1976
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e

w o rk ers

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

u tilitie s

A ll

in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

1
PERCENT OF WORKERS
WORKERS -----------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAIC h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------

ALL

F U L L -T IM t

7.6

lo o

100

100

15

4

22

8S

96

78

100

99

lo o

8.4

7 .0

9.7

8.3

8.0

.

.
-

(10)
(1 0 )
10
(1 0 )
14
20
1
(1 0 )

(lo )
8
1
13
28
-

-

_ ...

100

(1 0 )

100

-

100

(10)
99

100

100

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS --------------------------------

8 .3

9.7

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
3 HALF DAYS ---------------------------------------------------A HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------S HOLIDAYS
PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------------------------6 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------7 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF D A Y ------------------- ----------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------------------8 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------------PLUS 3 HALF DAYS ---------------------------------9 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------------10 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------12 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------

1
I
18
2
12
10
7
1
(10 )
7
23
1
1
1

2
7
10
17
11
2
4
38
2
3

1
25
3
12
7
-

2
2
3
2
15
-

5
(1 0 )
9
14
1

76

(10)

*

1

•
(1 0 )
10
(10)
1*
19
1
(10)

•
•
1
2
_
-

6

7

6

11
(10)
9
4
13
(10)
(1 0 )
12

1
4
31
3
2

11
(10)
10
4
ii
(1 0 )
-

80
•

12

-

6

1
10
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVID ED 1
1
1
A
5
5
6
7

1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------lo

days

or

96

84
33
65
63
51
41
34

95

33

26

-----------------------

26

-------------------------------------------------

3

m o r e -------------- -- —

11 DAYS OR MORE
12 DAYS OR MORE
13 DAY

85

-------------------------------------------------

2
1

95
88
88

77
61
49
48
43
43
5
5

3

78
78
77
51
49
36
29
24
24
16
15
1
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

100
100
100
lo o
100
98
97
93
93

100

99

99

99

99

99

99

89

91

89

90

76
55
48
38
29

77
49
41
40

89
89
75

76
-

96

91
91

38
28

14

2<*

12
12

5

13

2

12
12

5

99

55

36
36

25

100
lo o
100
100
100

49

12

78

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




99
99

81
80
-

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in Jacksonville, Fla., D ecem ber 1976
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

It e m
M anuf actu r ing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b lic utilities

A l l in d u s t ri es

M a n u f a c tu ri n g

N o n m an u f ac tu ri n g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

100

100

100

loo

100

100

2

2

2

-

1

-

2

*

98
98
“

100
100
”
“

3
6A
A
3

1
51
~

”
A5
55
*

*
15
(1 0 )
83
(10)
(10)

“
A1
(10)
58
“

“
6
9A

“
1
(1 0 )
97
(1 0 )
(10)
(1 0 )

”
1
“
99
(10)
*

A l l in d u s t r ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS

ALL

F U L L -T I M E

WORKERS ---------------------

IN

ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
P A ID V A C A T I O N S ------------------------- ----------I N ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
P AI D VACATIONS -----------------------------------LE NGT H- OF- TI ME PAYMENT ------------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ---------- — ----------OTHER P A Y M E N T --------------------- ---------------

98
90
6
3

98
8A
1A
-

98
93
1
A

100
100
-

99
99
-

loo
loo
•

6 MONTHS OF SER VIC E:
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------------------1 WEEK — — — — — — — — — OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------

5
15
2
1

11
6
-

1
21
3
2

1
59
-

3
62

32

1 YEAR OF SERVI CE:
UNDER 1 W E E K ---------------------------- ----1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------A WEEKS --------------------------------------------

3
68
1
25
(1 0 )
1

A
87

2
57
1
35
(10)
2

36
2
62
-

2 YEARS OF SERV IC E:
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------A WEEKS --------------------------------------------

3
30
(10)
61
1
(1 0 )
3

A
60

3 YEARS OF SER VI C E:
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------A WEEKS --------------------------------------------

1
6
(1 0 )
85
1
1
3

A YEARS OF SER VI C E:
UNDER 1 WEEK ----------------------------------1 WEEK — — — — — — — — OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------A WEEKS --------------------------------------------

1
6
(1 0 )
86
1
1
3

AMOUNT OF P A IO

VACATION AF TER: 12

-

-

8
-

-

3A
-

-

12
-

8A
-

3
-

10
-

86
3

4

3

-

“

17
(1 0 )
81
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

2
12
1
77
1
(1 0 )
A

A
93
2
*

1
(1 0 )
96
(10)
(10)
(1 0 )

2
3
1
86
1
(1 0 )

1
97
2
«

4

*

(1 0 )
(10)
96
1
1
(10)

*
*

*
1
97
"
2

1
97
2
-

(10)
(10)
93
1
A
(1 0 )

*
*
98
2

at end o f t a b l e s .




15

1
*
99
(1 0 )
“

-

-

2
A
1
86
1
(10)
A

(1 0 )

1

(10)

•

92
1
4

(10)
“

(10)

_____________
Se e fo o t n o t e s

•
(1 0 )
(lo )
96
1
(1 0 )
(10)

____________

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Jacksonville, Fla., Decem ber 1 9 7 6 — C ontinu ed
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork ers

It e m
A l l i n d u st r ie s

AMOUNT OF P A ID
CONTINUED

M a n u fa c t u r i n g

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c u t i l it i e s

M an u fa c tu r i n g

N o n m anuf ac tu r ing

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

VACATION A F T t R 12 -

5 YEARS OF SER VI C E:
UNDER 1 W E E K ------------- --------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 w E c K S ----- --—
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------------------------

1
3
(10)
76
2
12
2
1

10 YEARS OF SER VI C E:
UNDER 1 WEEK ----------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER Z WEEK* ----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------- —
A WEEKS -------------------------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------------------------

1
2
1
17
70
1
3
2

3
2
11
75
-

12 YEARo OF SER VI C E:
UNDER 1 W t E K ------------- --— --------------1 WEEK
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------3 WEEKS --------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 W EKS ----------l
A WEEKS --------------------------------------------6 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------

1
2
1
17
(10)
70
1
3
2

3
2
11
75
5
3

2
1
21
(1 0 )
67
1
3
2

15 YEARS OF SE R VI CE :
UNDER 1 WEEK ----------------------------------1 WEEK ----------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----- --—
2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER h WEEKS ----------A WEEKS --------------------------------------------OVER 4 AN0 UNDER 5 wtLK S — — 5 WEEKS --------------------------------------------e w e e k s ---------------------------------------------

(10)
2
1
16
A3
1
30
(1 0 )
1
2

-

1
1
1
19
A8
(1 9 )
22
(1 0 )
2
2

33

1
1

-

20

A l l i n d u st r ie s

YEARS OF SER VI C E:
UNDER 1 WEEK ----------------------------------1 WEEK ----------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------3 W E E K S ----------------------------- — ----------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ----------A WEEKS --------------------------------------------5 WEEKS --------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ----------6 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------

(10)
2
1
15

1
20
(10)
39
9
(10)
2

5
80
3
8
3
-

5
3

3
11
35
3
AA
3

•
3
9
2
15
A0
18
3

88
2
10
-

c

*
(1 0 )
*
10
81
1
7
(1 0 )

1
9A
2

2
1
—
22
67
1
3

(10)
(1 0 )
61
12
24
(1 0 )

1
9A
2
2
*

2
2
1
7A
1
1A
2
2

*
(1 0 )
•
9
(1 0 )
80
1

2

6A
2
*

1
19

1
09
8
2

35
(1 0 )
3A
A

(10)

2

$

(10)

“
*

6
50
11
31
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

*
(1 0 )
•
6
32
(10)

57

3
(10)
(10)

at end o f t a b l e s .




16

-

*
"
14
76
8
2

1
98
(1 0 )
1
*

(10)
9
(1 0 )
81
1
8
*

18
83
*
do)
2

*
12
49
38
-

1
93
(10)
6
*

(1 0 )
' *
6
50
11
31
(1 0 )
(10)

2

*
“
12
27
42
18
2

_____________
Se e fo o tn o te s

92
(10)
7
-

(10)
9
81
1
7
*

(1 0 )

-

(10)
(10)
59
13
26
(10)
*

95
1
2
2

42
58
(10)
-

(10)
-

5
32
(10)
58
2
(10)

1
93
7
(1 0 )

T able B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions fo r fu ll-tim e w orkers in J ackso n ville, Fla., D ecem ber 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s

AMOUNT OF P A ID
CONTINUED
25

30

VACATION A F TE R12

M a n u fa c t u r i n g

P u b l i c u t il i t i e s

A l l in d u s t ri es

i
13
77
2
8

N o n m a n u f a c t u ri n g

(1 0 )
6
“
32
( 10)
32
11
18
(1 0 )
1

M a n u f a c tu r in g

No n m a n u fa ct u ri n g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

(1 0 )
5
33
(1 0 )
32
11
17
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

i
8
90
(1 0 )
1

(10)
5
33
(1 0 )
30

1
7
90
(10)
2

-

YEARS OF S E R VI C E !
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ----- -—
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ----------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ----------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------y e a r s OF SER VI C E:
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ----------4 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS ----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ----------6 WEEKS --------------------------------------------

VACATION AV A I L A B L E !
UNDER 1 W E E K ------- — ------------- --------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS — ------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ----------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ----------6 WEEKS — —
— —
—
—
7 WEEKS --------------------------------------------

(1 0 )
2
1
14
1
28
(1 0 )
24
«
25
(1 0 )
3

3
9
2
13
39
29
3

i
i
i
17
“
36
(1 0 )
14
22
(1 0 )
4

(10)
2
1
14
29
(1 0 )
24

3
9
16
39
22
-

1
1
1
17
36
(1 0 )
14
22
(10)
4

22
(1 0 )
6

10

“
1
“
11
77
2
9

(1 0 )
6
32
(1 0 )
30
(1 0 )
29
(1 0 )
1

12
24
35
1
22
*
6

12
24
*
35
1
21
8

30
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

m a x im u m

S e e fo o t n o t e s

(1 0 )
2
1
14
29
(10)
24
21
(10)
7

3
9
16
39
-

22
10

-

1
1
1
17
38
(1 0 )
14
21
(10)
5

1
11

77
2
9

"

at end o f t a b l e s .




17

*
(1 0 )
6
32
(1 0 )
30
(1 0 )
18
(1 0 )
1
10

*
*
12
24
35
1
21
“

t
i

(10)
5
33
(10)
30
18
(10)
1
11

*
1
7
90
(10)
2

Table B -6 .

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e w orkers in Jacksonville, Fla., D ecem b er 1976
Pl ant w o r k e r s

O ffi ce w o r k e r s

Item
A l l industries

M anu facturin g

Non manufacturing

P u b li c utilities

A l l industries

Man ufacturing

No nmanufacturing

P ub li c utilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
WORKERS -----------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW13-----------------------------------------------

95

100

93

100

99

100

99

100

L IF E INSURANCE --------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

94
62

98
72

91
56

99
94

90
63

94
54

98
64

99
94

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY P L A N S -------------------------

76
47

76
48

76
47

99
94

84
56

81
46

84
57

98
94

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH14-------------- t----------

76

85

70

96

88

77

88

98

43
29

69
54

28
15

55
54

25
18

21
9

26
19

12
6

25

19

29

26

60

60

60

48

10

9

23

37

27

11

29

43

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

15
9

8
2

20
13

52
48

45
30

40
16

45
31

51
46

HOS PITALIZATION INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

95
54

100
67

93
46

100
95

99
56

100
59

99
56

100
95

SURGICAL INSURANCE ------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY p l a n s -------------------------

95
54

100
67

93
46

100
95

99
56

100
59

99
56

100
95

m edical

i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

92
53

98
65

09
46

100
95

96
54

100
59

96
54

100
95

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE -------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY P l ANS -------------------------

93
52

97
64

91
45

100
95

99
54

99
58

99
54

100
95

INSURANCE ----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

22
17

10
8

29
22

88
88

29
15

11
6

31
15

89
89

RETIREMENT PENSION ------------------------------------NONCONTRI BUT DRY P L A N S -------------------------

59
53

81
76

47
39

67
67

75
72

81
67

75
72

59
59

ALL FU LL-TIME

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAITING PERIOD) -----------------------------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) ------------------------------------

dental

1
S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




18

Footnotes
A l l o f th es e sta ndard foo tno tes m a y not apply to this b ulle tin.

L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
11
A l l c om b in atio n s o f f u ll and ha lf days that add to the s a m e amount
a r e c om b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to ta l o f
10
days includes th ose with 10 fu ll days and no h a lf d ay s, 9 fu ll days and
2 h a lf d a y s, 8 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d ay s, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then w e r e
cum ulate d.
12
Includes p ay m ents o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e qu iv ale n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c hosen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
in div id ual p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p r o p o r ti o n s
at 10 y e a r s include changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e cu m u­
lative.
Thus, the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fte r 10 y e a r s
in clud es th ose e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fte r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
13
E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f te r type o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r all plans f o r which
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b or n e
by the e m p l o y e r .
"N on con tribu tory
p l a n s " include o n ly th ose fin an c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
E xc lu d e d
a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p lans, such as w o r k e r s d i s a b i l i t y c om p en s ation , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
14
Un du plic ated to tal o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
a c c id en t ins uran ce shown s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
Sick l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to
those w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s ta b lis h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m number o f d a y s ' pay
that eac h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t.
I n f o r m a l s ic k l e a v e allo w anc e s d e t e r m i n e d
on an ind iv id u al b a s is a r e e x clud ed .
9

10

1
Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u l a r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n is com pute d f o r eac h jo b by to talin g the e a r n in g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d i v id in g by the nu m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s ig n a te s
p o s i ti o n — h a l f o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the
r a t e shown.
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is d e fin e d by two r a t e s o f pay: a fourth o f
the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th es e r a t e s and a fourth e a r n m o r e
than the h ig h e r r a t e .
3
E a r n in g s data r e l a t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n tif ic a tio n was
p r o v i d e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and la te shifts .
5
F o r m a l l y e s ta b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h i r i n g s a l a r i e s
that a r e paid f o r standa rd w o r k w e e k s .
6
1 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
7
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all standa rd w o r k w e e k s c om b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
8
Includes all plant w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g
l a t e s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te shifts ,
e v e n though the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a ti n g la te s h if ts .




19

Appendix A
all i n d u s tr ie s c om b in e d . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the occupations l i s t e d and
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s within the sc op e o f the s u r v e y , are
not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the
occup ation is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2)
t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f ind iv id u al e s ta b l i s h m e n t data. Se p arate
m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d when the n u m b er o f
w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an occup ation. E a r n in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d ustr y
d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll in d u s tr i e s c om b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , data
a r e inclu d ed in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c ­
t r o n i c s te c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r in f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e fits data a r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u re au f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In each o f the i n t e r v e n ­
ing y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and oc c u p a tio n a l e arn in g s is c o l l e c t e d
b y a com b in atio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h o n e i n t e r ­
v i e w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In eac h o f the 8 4 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob ta ined
2
f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts within s ix b r o a d in d u s try d i v is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and ot h e r pub lic u ti l i t ie s ;
w h olesale trade;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a j o r in d u s tr y group s exc lu d e d f r o m th e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a tio n s and the c o n stru c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts
ha ving f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e ca u s e o f
in s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the occupations studied. S e p a r a te tabulations a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r each o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t . p ub lication
c riteria.

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sc h e d u le . E a r n in g s data
e xc lu d e p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te shif ts . N on p r od u c tio n bon us es a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g allo w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b on uses a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o ccup atio ns
r e f e r to the s ta n dard w o r k w e e k
(roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r and/or
p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th e s e occupations a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
T h e s am pli n g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w it h in the
s c op e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s try and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t ha ving a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o obtain o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e them s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts is s e l e c t e d . Wh en data a r e c om b in e d , e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that unbiased e s t i m a t e s a r e
g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d , it is
g i v e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . An a lte r n a t e o f
the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is cho sen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
cation i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
suita ble substitute is a v a i l a b l e , a d d ition al w e ig h t is as s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s i n a n a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e chan ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r ind iv id u al
job s a r e a f f e c t e d b y changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d vance to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an
oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s dur ing the y e a r .
Chan ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in
ta b le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s changes f o r
ind iv id u al jo b s w it h in the g ro u p s.

O ccupation s and e a r n in g s
O ccupation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c tu r in g and n onm anu fa cturin g in d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m ain te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c usto d ia l.
O c c u p ation al
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i fo r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to
take account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties within the s a m e job.
Occupations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
U n le s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the job t i t l e s a r e f o r

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . Ind ustr ie s
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and jo b s t a f f i n g , and thus con tribute
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r eac h job . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am ong job s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d occupations
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay o f the s e x e s within
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y con tr ib ute to d i f f e r e n c e s
in clud e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s (on ly the r a te s paid
incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in ind iv id u al
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s amon g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N . Y . —Pa. ; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm
Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, K y.; Melbourne—T itu sville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh —
Durham, N . C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N . Y . ; U tica—Rome, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request o f the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




20

O c c u p ation al e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts with in the s c op e o f the study and not the n u m b e r ac tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e oc c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t obtained f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jobs studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p atio n al s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

P e r c e n t changes f o r ind ivid ual a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e
as f o l l o w s :
1.

Each occupation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b ased on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p atio n al gro up in the
b as e y e a r .

2.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to compute group a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u ltip lie d
by its w e ig h t. The pro ducts a r e to ta le d to obtain a group
average.

3.

T h e ra tio o f group a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s is
com pute d by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the current y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r esult—
e x p r es & e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d occup atio nal gro up s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g the tr e n d job s in both
the c u r re n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m atc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e
adjuste d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y m e n t shifts
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts included in s u r v e y
sam ples.
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by f a c t o r s
o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s ta b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an occupation when w o r k e r s a r e p aid under plans
p r o v i d i n g a range o f w a g e r ate s f o r ind iv id u al jo b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at the b ottom o f the ran g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a change in w a g e r a te s .

com puted

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m ethod used to compute
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , see " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " Month ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , Jan uar y 1973, pp. 52-57.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

T h e p e r c e n t changes r e l a te to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the i n d ic a te d
d ate s .
When the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m onths,
annual r a te s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m ed that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant
r ate b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

T h e i n c id e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is studied f o r plant w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
P lan t
w o r k e r s include n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s e ngaged in
n o n o ffic e functions.
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and route w o r k e r s a r e exclud ed
in m an u fac tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but i n c lu d e d in nonm an ufact uring i n d u s t r i e s .)
O f f i c e w o r k e r s include n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s
p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d functions.
L e a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s a r e
in clud ed amon g n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s and c on stru c tio n w o r k e r s u t iliz e d as s e p a ra te w o r k
f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m both the plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .

O c c up ation s used to com pute w a g e tr e n d s ar e :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m en and
women")!
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
S ten ograph ers, senior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F i l e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A,
B , and C
M essengers
O r d e r c le rk s , classes A
and B
Ac c ou n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m achin e
o p e r a t o r s , c las s B
P a y r o l l clerks
K eyp un ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T ab u la t in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m e n and w o m e n ) :
C o m p u te r s y s t e m s
a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C




E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m en and w o m e n ) —
Continued
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

M i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s (table B - l ) . M in im u m entran ce s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e on ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p lin g te chn iques used and the p r o b a b i l i t y chat l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to have f o r m a l e n tr a n ce
rate s above the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

In d u s tr ia l nu rs e s (m en and
w o m en ):
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rses

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m anufac tu rin g (table B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m an u fac tu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d i n g pay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
plant w o r k e r s on late s h ifts .
E s t a b lis h m e n ts c o n s i d e r e d as having p o l i c i e s
a r e th ose w h ic h (1) ha ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a tio n o f late
s h ifts , o r (2) have o p e r a t e d late shifts at any t i m e during the 12 months
preceding a survey.
When e s ta b lis h m e n ts ha ve s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s whic h
v a r y b y j o b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap ply ing to the m a j o r i t y o f the plant w o r k e r s is
r e c o r d e d . Wh en e s ta b lis h m e n ts have d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h ich apply o n ly to c e rta in
hours o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap plying to the m a j o r i t y o f the shift hours is
recorded.

S k ille d m ain te n anc e (m en
and w o m e n ) :
Carpenters
E l e c t r ic ia n s
P ain ters
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s ( m a c h i n e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h i c l e )
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s

F o r p u r p o s e s o f this study, a late shift is e i t h e r a second ( e v e n in g )
shift w h ich ends at o r n e a r m idn igh t o r a t h ird (night) shift which s ta r ts at o r
n e a r m id n ig h t.

U n s k i l l e d plant (m en and
w om en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e co n d and t h i r d shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by

21

a l l plant w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) and (2)
e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d by plant
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .

w h ich the e m p l o y e r has con tr ib uted, o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y by the e m p l o y e r
out o f o p e r a t i n g funds o r a fund set a s id e to c o v e r the cost.
A plan is
in c lu d e d e v e n though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s ta b lis h m en t do not
cho os e to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e ca u s e th ey a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r p art o f its cost
( p r o v i d e d the c h o ic e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e
a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) . L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l ­
road r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a tio n , and t e m p o r a r y d is a b i l i t y
in s u r a n c e 3 a r e e x clud ed .

Schedule d w e e k l y h o urs; paid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and h e a l t h ,
in s u r a n c e , and pe n s io n p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s w h ic h ap p ly to a m a j o r i t y o f the
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to ap ply to all
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n is
c o n s i d e r e d n o nexiste n t when it ap p li es to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a t i o n s ; and healt h, in s u r a n c e , and p e ns io n plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w i l l e v e n tu a l l y b e c o m e e l i g i b l e .

th rough

A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t is l i m i t e d to plans which
p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f death o r l o s s o f li m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u lt o f an ac c id en t.

Sched uled w e e k l y hours and days (table B - 3 ) . Sch edule d w e e k l y
ho ur s and days r e f e r to the n u m b e r o f hours and days p e r w e e k wh ich f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d ay) shift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e t h e r paid f o r at
s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a te s .

S ic k n e s s and a c c id en t i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s o n ly th ose plans wh ich
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h p a y m e n ts be m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k f o r
up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .

P a i d h o lid a y s
(table B - 4 ) . H olid a y s a r e inclu ded o n ly i f th ey
a r e g r a n te d annually on a f o r m a l b a s is ( p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m o r
e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s to m ) and e m p l o y e e s a r e p aid f o r the t i m e o f f .
T h ey are
includ ed e v e n though in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r th e y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and
e m p l o y e e s a r e not g r a n te d an oth er day off.

S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 wh ich p r o v i d e f o r
continuing an e m p l o y e e ' s p ay durin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k beca u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is tin g u is h b e tw e e n (1 ) plans w h ich p r o v i d e fu ll pay w ith no
w a it in g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ich e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w a it in g p e r i o d .

Data a r e tab ula ted to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e g ran te d
s p e c i f i c n u m b e rs o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2) a r e g ra n te d s p e c i f i e d
amounts o f to ta l h o l i d a y t i m e (w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ) .

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p aym ents to to t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r paid s ic k l e a v e and/or s i c k ­
ne s s and ac c id en t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m on th s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m axim u m age, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tire m en t benefits.
Fu ll or p artial pay­
m en ts a r e a l m o s t alw a y s r ed u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c o m p en s a tio n , and p r i v a t e p e ns ion b e n e f its p a y a b le to the d is a b le d e m p l o y e e .

P a i d v a c a tio n s (tab le B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t t h e i r m eth o d o f
c alc u la tin g v a c a t i o n p ay ( t i m e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and the amount o f v a c a ti o n pay g ran te d .
O n ly b a s i c f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a t i o n b on u s es , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la ns, and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits b e yo n d b a s i c plans a r e e x clu d ed .

F o r tabula ting v a c a t i o n p ay g ra n te d , all p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s i s .
V a c a t i o n p ay c a lc u la te d on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s is
c o n v e r t e d to its e qu iv a le n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is ta b ulate d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a t i o n pay.

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e plans r e p o r t e d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e fu ll o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island.
Establishment plans which m eet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is leg a lly required or (2 ) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan:
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund;- in New Jersey, employees
and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers
pay the difference between the em ployees' share and the total contribution required.

A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d le ng th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e l a t e d
to a l l plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f length o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a ti o n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r l a r g e r amount o f v a c a tio n pay
as s e r v i c e length en s. Counts o f plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y length o f s e r v i c e
w e r e not ob ta in ed . T h e ta bula tions o f v a c a t i o n pay g ra n te d p r e s e n t s , t h e r e ­
f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than p r o p o r t i o n s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f i ts .

Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more
than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York , employees can agree to contribute
more i f the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance A c t) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers

H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion plans (table B - 6 ) . Health , in s u r a n c e ,
and pe n s ion plans in clu d e plans f o r wh ic h the e m p l o y e r pays e i t h e r a ll o r
p a r t o f the cost.
T h e cost m a y be (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
i n s u r a n c e c om p an y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a union fund to




L i f e in s u r a n c e in clud es f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g in d e m n ity (usually
an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c ase o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .

bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 A n establishment is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of
days o f sick lea ve available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

22

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o t h e r h o s p i t a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g i c a l in s u ran ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d i c a l
in s uran ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s
care fo r m inor
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r ' s p la c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n ce .

M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u ran ce c o v e r a g e ap p lie s to s e r v i c e s w h ich go
beyond the b a s i c s e r v i c e s
c o v e r e d under h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ic a l insurance.
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n ce t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a




" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a coin su ran c e
f e a tu r e that r e q u i r e s the in s u r e d to pay a p o r ti o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e fits ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .
D ental in s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
usually f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s wh ich p r o v i d e b e n e fits
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g a ccid en t d a m a ge a r e not r e p o rte d .
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s ion plains p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r payments to the r e t i r e e
fo r life.
In cluded a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans w h ich p r o v i d e the option
o f p u rch as in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.

23

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers w ithin scope of survey and number studied
in Jacksonville, F la .,1 December 1976
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s tr y d i v i s i o n 2

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f study

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
T o ta l4

S tu died
N um ber

ALL D IV IS IO N S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORT ATION, COMMUNICATION, a n d
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
---------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
----------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
-------------SERVICES8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g

P ercen t

F u ll-tim e
p la n t w o r k e r s

F u ll- tim e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o ta l4

512

156

9 4 ,1 7 5

100

5 1, 1 3 8

22,015

5 5, 22 2

50
-

119
393

45
111

2 4 ,3 9 2
6 9 ,7 8 3

26
74

1 8, 8 13
3 2 ,3 2 5

1,744
20,271

14,171
41,0 51

50
50
50
50
50

26
82
132
70
83

15
18
26
22
30

1 1 ,4 57
8,553
2 3 ,8 0 3
1 6 ,5 12
9,458

12
9
25
18
10

5,750
( 6)
( 6>
< 7>
( 6>

2,781
< 6>
<6>
<6 >
<6>

10,647
2.7 2 9
12,397
10,537
4,7 41

1
T h e J a c k s o n v ille S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th ro u gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f B a k e r , C la y , D u v a l, N a s s a u , and St. J o h n 's
C o u n tie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s
a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2
T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l w as u sed to c l a s s i f y e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3
In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and
m o tio n p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4
In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t i m e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d
to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r tr a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d . J a c k s o n v ille 's e l e c t r i c u t ilit y and t r a n s it s y s te m a r e
m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d and a r e e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the A - s e r i e s
t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d a ta is
not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough d a ta
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d i n it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te
p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta ,
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g '' in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , but fr o m th e r e a l e s ta te p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l
in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d a ta is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8
H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c tu r a d s e r v i c e s .

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g reem en t c o v e ra g e
In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c tu r in g
T h e f o llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the J a c k s o n v ille a r e a in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n tr a c ts
c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f th e w o r k e r s in th e r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r i e s , D e c e m b e r 1976:

A l m o s t o n e - fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the J a c k s o n v ille
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s try
g ro u p s and s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :

P la n t w o r k e r s
In d u s tr y g ro u p s
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _______ 21
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s ________ 19
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t ________ 13
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______ 7
P r in t in g and p u b lis h in g __________ 7
S ton e, c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c t s ___________________________ 7
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l . . . 6

A l l in d u s t r ie s _____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ____________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s ____________

Ship and b o a tb u ild in g and
r e p a i r i n g __________________________12
P a p e r m i l l s , e x c e p t b u ild in g
p a p e r ______________________________
B e v e r a g e s __________________________
F a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l m e t a l
p r o d u c t s __________________________

7
5

11
12
86

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r in g a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a j o r i t y o f su ch w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o th e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts th at e it h e r do n ot h a v e
la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c ts in e f f e c t , o r h a ve c o n t r a c t s th at a p p ly to f e w e r than h a lf o f
t h e ir p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r ily r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the e x te n t
to w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is io n s o f la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d and the in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y
is lim it e d .

5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r fr o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y as show n in ap p en d ix ta b le 1.




O f f ic e w o r k e r s

37
64
22
87

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

24

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its
f i e l d s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o p r i a t e occupations w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d under a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . This
p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f oc c u p atio n al w a g e ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e job content.
B e c a u s e o f this
e m p h a s is on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f oc c u p atio n al content, the B u r e a u 's job
d e s c r i p ti o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th os e in use in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th os e p r e p a r e d f o r
ot h e r p u r p o s e s . In ap plyin g th es e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s tr u c te d to e xclud e
w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n ti c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and handicap ped, p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one ind ivid ual. M a i n ­
tains a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f
the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y independently r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v i s i o n and guidance. P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l duties,
u s u ally includin g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
answ ers
persons;

a. R e c e i v e s tele p hon e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m in g m a i l ,
routin e i n q u i r i e s , and rou te s t e c h n i c a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
b.

c.
i n s tr u c te d ;

Establish es,

m ain ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M aintain s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s




c a le n d a r and m ak es ap pointm ents

as

d.

R e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r v i s o r to s ub ord inate s;

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d by
o t h e rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ign atu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g ra p h ic
accuracy;
f.

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p ing w o rk .

M a y als o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l tasks o f c o m p a r a b le
na ture and d i f fi c u l ty . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e of o f f i c e routine
and understanding o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

B eg in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 19 76 s u r v e y s , the B u re a u has g ro u p ed occupations studied in its
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s into jo b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d occupations in sequence.
Job f a m i l i e s ha ve not b een t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , sin c e doing so m igh t have added e xtran eo u s e l e m e n t s to the
jo b m atchin g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u re au has a ls o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l oc c u p atio n al t i t l e s .
usual w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f the s u r v e y jo b s .

The r e v is e d titles m o r e n ea rly r eflect

R e v i s e d o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p ti o n s a r e b e in g in tro d u ce d th is y e a r f o r : O r d e r c l e r k ; p a y r o l l c le r k ;
s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t ; t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e t y p i s t ( p r e v i o u s l y t i t l e d
t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) ; and t o o l and die m a k e r . T h e y a r e the
r e s u lt o f the B u r e a u 's p o l i c y o f p e r i o d i c a l l y r e v i e w i n g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y oc c u p atio n al d e s c r i p t i o n s in
o r d e r to take into account t e c h n o l o g i c a l d e v e lo p m e n ts and to c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s so that th ey a r e m o r e
r e a d i l y un dersto od and u n i fo r m l y i n t e r p r e t e d . E v e n though the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p ti o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y the
s a m e occup ations as p r e v i o u s l y d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t i n g changes m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f the r e v i s i o n s .

25

SECRETARY— Continued

SEC RE T ARY— Continue d

E x c lu s io n s

Not a l l
ch aracteristics.
a r e as f o l l o w s :

p o s itio n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin ition

a. P o s i t i o n s
d e s c r i b e d above;
b.

w h ic h

do not

m e e t the

"p erso n al"

s e c r e t a r y con cept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
f e s s i o n a l , te c h n i c a l , o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

a s s is ta n ts

to a gro up

of p r o ­

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in wh ic h the duties a r e e i t h e r sub stantially
m o r e routine o r s u b s tantia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th ose
c h a r a c t e r i z e d in the defin ition ;
e. A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
respon sible techn ical, ad m in istra tive, su p e rv is o r y , o r s p ec ia liz ed c le r ic a l
duties w h ich a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d efin ition s
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r com p any a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , does not in all c as e s
id e n ti f y such p o s i ti o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h os e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d ivid ual lo an o r c r e d i t ac tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t accou nts ; d i r e c t l y
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f ap ply in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com pany
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,00 0 but
f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 00 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com pany
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) cjr a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a com p any that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 25, 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an i n d iv id u a l plant , f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e gm e n t
o fte n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2SL, 000 p e r s o n s .

C la s s C
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n wh ose r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the definition
f o r c la s s B, but wh os e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d ozen e m p l o y e e s and is usually d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e gm e n ts which
a r e ofte n, in turn, f u r t h e r subdivid ed. In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l i n ­
clud es a w id e range o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
o t h e r e au iv ale n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5, 000
person s.
C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; c>r

o f a sm a ll organization al

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m ­
p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O TE :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ign s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b ov e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n using shorthan d, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ictatio n.
M a y a ls o type f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fr o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p oo l.
M ay occa sio n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e reco rd in g s (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
Typ ist).
N O T E : T h i s jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith only one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d efin ition .
S te n o g r a p h e r , G e n e r a l

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




keep

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m ain ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

F IL E CLERK— Continued

S te n o g r a p h e r , Se n io r
D ic tatio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y also set up
and m ain ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , etc.

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) headings o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d ind ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
As r e q u e s t e d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n ti f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m ainta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d e pen den ce and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v id e n c e d by
the f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic sp eed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orou g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u siness and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u siness o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
procedures, f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , etc.
U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g
s te n o g r a p h ic duties and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l tasks such as m ainta ining
fo l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ;
c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s tr u c tio n s ; rea d in g and routing
i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r in g routine q u e s tio n s , etc.
TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to type copy o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d dictatio n w h ich does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y also typ e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy. M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep s im p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S te n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o l v e d
w ith sho rthand d ic ta tio n .)
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c op ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ak e
out b i l l s a f t e r calc ula tio ns ha ve b een m a d e by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in ­
clude ty p ing o f s t e n c i l s , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in d uplic ating
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a i n i n g , such as
k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
incom ing m ail.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in fi n a l f o r m when it i n v o l v e s c om b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n language m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layout and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m ain ta in u n i fo r m i t y and b a la n ce in
s p ac in g . M a y ty p e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C op y ty ping f r o m
rou gh o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n ce p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s i m p l e standard ta bulation s; o r cop y in g m o r e c o m p l e x tab le s
a l r e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anua l tasks r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin ition s .
C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e xe s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l doc u m e nts , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s ub je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y also f i l e this
m aterial.
M a y k e ep r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p e s in conjunctio n w it h the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .




C la s s C . P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r wh ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and manual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a ti n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , op enin g and d is trib u tin g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E xc lu d e p os itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n if ic a n t duty.
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h on e s w i tc h b o a r d o r c on s o le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e xcha ng e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y in c o m in g , ou tgo ing , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a tin g a te lep hon e
s w i tc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y also ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty ping o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occup y the m a j o r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is usuall y p e r f o r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h i e f o r
le ad o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exc lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who also acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , see Sw itc h b oa r d
O p erator-R ecep tion ist.
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in vo lves
b u s in e s s and
pria te person
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h on e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n so le , acts both as
s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e in f o r m a ti o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con tacting that p e r s o n by te le p h on e and
ap pointm ent; k e ep in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o rd e rs fo r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p l e .
W o rk typica lly in vo lves
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e te r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and sug ge s ting sub stitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; check ing o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and
ad equacy o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to let c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; check ing shipping i n v o i c e
again st o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

ORDER CLERK— Continued

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

E xc lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r wh os e duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n su lta tiv e a d v ic e using k n o w le d g e
g ain e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l tr a i n i n g ; e m p h a s i z i n g s e l l i n g
s k i l l s ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f the job.

O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m ac h in e (w ith o r with out a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

Positions
d efin ition s:

are

cla s s ifie d

into

levels

according

to

the

follow ing

C la s s A . Handles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m a k in g jud gm ents such as
cho osin g wh ic h s p e c i f i c p ro duct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's p ro d uct
l in e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
wh en p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m ak in g
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l ca lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . H andles o r d e r s in v o l v i n g i t e m s w h ich ha ve r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and ap p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is sup plied o r to v e r i f y
p ric e of o r d e r e d item .

A C C O U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l tas k s such as p ostin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accounts; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f ac counting docum ents ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d ac cou nting d is trib u tio n c od e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , ca lc u la tio n s , p os tin g,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d jo u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a manual o r au tom ate d ac counting s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m ethods and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c t i o n s and accounting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w it h the b oo k k e e p in g and accounting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and accounting.
Positions
defin ition s.

are

cla s s ifie d

into

l e v e l s on the b a s is

of

the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and j u d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e accounting t r a n s ­
ac tio n s , s e l e c t i n g amon g a substa ntia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting codes
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g tr a n s a c t i o n s though p r e v i o u s ac cou nting ac tions
to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o r e
c la s s B accou nting c l e r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routin e accounting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t i o n s of p os tin gs a r e c l e a r l y in d ic ate d ; c h e c k ­
ing a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s or
accounting d oc u m e n ts ; and cod ing docum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t­
ing c od e s .




C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r ac counting s y s t e m us ed.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u t io n o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in e ach phas e o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phas e s o r s e ctio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s usuall y r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo kk e e p ing . P h a s e s
o r s e ctio n s inclu de accounts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not i n ­
cluding a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , cost d i s ­
tr ib u tion , e x p e n s e d is trib u t io n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc . M a y check o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l she e ts f o r the accounting
d e p a rtm e n t.

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b ill i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ac h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y type
o f m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (c om b in atio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r ch a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d u m s , etc .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s ap p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d discounts and shipping c h a r g es
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com pute d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y ac cum ula te d by
m ac h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n usually i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f carbo n c op ie s o f
the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is ofte n done on a f a n fo ld m ac h in e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g m ac h in e (with o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the sim ulta neous e n tr y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a tic a lly ac cum ula te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and com p u te s and usually p rin ts
a u t o m a ti c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D oes not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b oo k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and sta n d a rd ty p es o f s a le s and
c r e d i t s lip s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tas k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r t a x d edu ctions; ed iting p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s again st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nonautom ated p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com p utes w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u i r e a. p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p an y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

KEYPUNCH OPERATO R

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — Continued

O p e r a t e s a keypunch m ac h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alp ha betic and/or
n u m e r i c data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

f r o m this d e fin ition a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s . A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s
o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th ey m a y also o p e r a te e l e c t r i c
ac counting m ac h in e equip m ent.

P o sitio n s
defin ition s.

are

c la ssified

into

l e v e l s on the

Positions
defin ition s.

b as is o f the f o l l o w i n g

cla s s ifie d

into l e v e l s

on the

b as is o f the f o llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and tabulating as s ig n m e n ts
includin g d e v i s i n g d iffic u lt c o n tro l p ane l w i r i n g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s whic h
ofte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the nature
and sequencing o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the use o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m ac h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a tin g sequences
o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oes not include p os itio n s in w h ich w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b oa r d s .

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p lic atio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud gm ent
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r coding i t e m s to be keyp unch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e
d oc u m e n ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y als o p e r f o r m s o m e routin e keypun ch w o rk .
M a y t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is routine and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c ti o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s stand­
a r d i z e d s o u r c e docum ents w h ic h ha ve b e en coded, and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich ha ve b een p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta il and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , cod in g, o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to su­
p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r codes o r m i s s i n g
inform ation.

C las s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but
routine and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i ffic u lt tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l accounting m ac h in e s such as
the ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a to r , in ad dition to the s i m p l e r m ac hine s used by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n new e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m ac h in e o p e r a ti o n s .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A TO R

c u l a to r ,

are

C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e tabulating o r
e l e c t r i c a l accounting m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r ep rod u c in g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r tio n s of a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e op e r a tio n s .
May p e rfo rm
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s om e f i l i n g w o rk .

O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r , c a l ­
c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, etc .
E xclu d ed

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a l y z e s b u siness p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s olv in g
t h e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m ent. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ate d and i d e n t i f i e s con ditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s nu m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docum ents to be used; ou tlin es actio ns to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p r e s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e quip m en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both ~syste m s a n alysis and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an aly sts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s analysts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :
C la s s A . W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P ro b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s an i n t e g r a t e d prod uction
scheduli ng, in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n alys is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e ach ty p e is a u t o m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p actions a r e i n itia te d by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f ne w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a tio n s . M ak e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d, f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r
obta in ing eq uip m en t.
M a y p r o v i d e functional
who a r e as s ig n e d to a s s is t.

D o e s not include e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s an alysts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p ro b lem s.




29

direction

to

low er le v e l

s y s te m s

analysts

C la s s B.
W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e ca u s e s ou r c e s o f input data
a r e hom o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e la te d .
(F o r exam ple,

COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYS T, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s fox m ainta in in g d e p o s i t o r accounts in a bank, m ain ta in in g
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
accounts in a m an u fac tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s te m s
to be applie d.

A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f fi c u l t b e c a u s e c om p u te r e q u ip ­
m en t m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o ­
ducts f r o m nu m erous and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y " and e x ­
t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g actions m u s t o c c u r .
This r e q u i r e s
such actio ns as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ich cam be r e ­
used, e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e points b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , adjustments to
data wh en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e cap ac ity , amd
substantial m an ip u lation and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a
hig hly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . W o r k s independently on routine as s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s i n s tr u c tio n and guidan ce on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n ts . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c ti o n s , and to in s u re
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out an alys e s
as a s s i g n e d , usually o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p
and exp and p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the ap p lic a tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l
s y s t e m s analyst by p r e p a r i n g the d e ta ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l analyst.

M a y p r o v i d e functional d i r e c t i o n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

C las s B . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) usually p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in two
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p ro d u c ed l?y
r e f i n i n g , adaptin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m ak in g m i n o r ad ditions to o r deletions f r o m
input data w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e nu m e rou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e f i n e d in p r i o r actions so that the a c c u r a c y
and sequencing o f data can be t e s t e d by using a f e w routine checks. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d eals w ith routin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINESS

OR

C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s an alyst, into a s e quence o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s b y au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equ ip m en t.
W o r k i n g f r o m charts o r
d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e ­
c is e in s tr u c tio n s w h ich , when e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in cod ed
la n gu a ge , cau se the m anip ula tion o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r sub ­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e char ts and d i a g r a m s of the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s se qu e n c e o f p r o g r a m s te p s; w r i t e s d e ta ile d flo w
charts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e
charts to coded in s tr u c tio n s f o r m ac h in e to f o l l o w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a ti n g p e r s o n n e l dur ing p ro d uction
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a ti n g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n al­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s analysts i f this is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
Does not in clu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g
problem s.
F o r w a g e study

purposes,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in dependently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all phases o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g concepts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and charts
w h ich i d e n t i f y the natu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s steps o f the p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g routine; plans the fu ll range o f p r o g r a m m i n g actions need ed
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .




to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s
(as d e s c r i b e d f o r c las s A ) under
close d irection o f a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p erviso r.
M a y a s s is t
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by ind ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d iffic u lt tasks
a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t tas k s under f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c ti o n .
M a y guide o r in s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic ation s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and concepts us uall y le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the ap p lic a tio n o f standard p r o ­
c e d u re s to routine p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new as pect s
o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a tin g in s t r u c t i o n s , usually p r e p a r e d by a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in clud es m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies in s tru c tio n s to
d e t e r m i n e equipm en t setup and o p e r a t i o n s ; loads equipm ent with r e q u i r e d
i te m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y equ ipm en t into
c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s adjustm ents to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c on ditions; r e v i e w s e r r o r s
m a d e dur ing o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ainta ins o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y te s t and a s s i s t
in c o r r e c t i n g p r o g r a m .
For

wage

study

purposes,

c o m p u te r

operators

are

classified

as

follo w s:
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N e w
p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and in tro d u ce d ; s c hed uling r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e

COMPUTER OPERATO R— Continued

DRAFTER— Continued

o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x
d e s ig n ^ o that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g k n o w ­
l e d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and alte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and guidan ce to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

m a t e r i a l s to be used, loa d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr en g th s , s t r e s s e s , etc.
R eceives
i n i t i a l in s tr u c ti o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is ch e c k ed f o r t e c h n i c a l adequacy.

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d ep end ently, o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t
o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tion runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a r e g u l a r l y
r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is l i ttle o r no t e s t i n g o f ne w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ;
a l te r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c ase o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m needs m a j o r change
o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b l y s h o rt t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s itu atio n s , d ia g n os e s cause and takes c o r r e c t i v e actio n.
T h is u sually i n ­
v o l v e s ap plyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s, o r using standa rd
c o r r e c t i o n te chn iq ues.
OR
O p e r a t e s un der d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w it h the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . M ay
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in dependently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if fi c u l t tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d if fi c u l t tasks f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w i t h fre q u en t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
received
operator

C la s s C . W o r k s on routine p r o g r a m s un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equipm en t used and
d e te ct p r o b l e m s in v o l v e d in running routine p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a i n i n g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER

C la s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta ti o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s ha vin g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s ta b l i s h e d d ra ftin g
precedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e sup por t w ith the d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e sig n cha nges. A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , function, and p o s itio n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f com pon ents and
parts.
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by
lo w e r le v e l d ra fters .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s nonrou tine and c o m p l e x d ra ft in g as s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d i z e d d ra w in g te c hn iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s working
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h ap es, m u ltip le fu nctions, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e la ti o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c om p onen ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c on s t ru c tio n o f a buil din g in clu din g d e ta i l d ra w in g s o f founda­
ti o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m an uals in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com puta tions t o d e t e r m i n e qu antities o f




C la s s C.
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p arts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c on s t ru c tio n , m an u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p os itio n in g o f components
and c on v e y ne e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a nu m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u i r e d . S u gg ested m ethods o f
a p p ro ac h, a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g ive n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n ts .
In s tru c tion s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e when a s s ign m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d dur ing p r o g r e s s .
D R A F TE R -TR A C E R
C op ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e rs by p lacing tr a c i n g
cloth o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
inclu de t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n sis tin g o f s tr a igh t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n . )
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d ra w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i te m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d during p r o g r e s s .
E LE C TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p es o f e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t and r e la te d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c om b in atio n o f the f o l lo w in g : In s ta llin g , m ain ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , tr o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c on structin g, and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n o f te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m i n e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k i l l to put equipm en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g con dition.
T h e equipm en t— c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m any d i f fe r e n t kinds o f c irc u it s
o r m u l ti p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c tr a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equipm ent ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g it a l
and an alog c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n ­
t r o l l i n g equip m ent.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such s ta n dard e l e c t r o n i c
e quip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and household r ad io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
engineers.
P o sitio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la ssified

into l e v e l s

on the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . A p p l i e s ad vanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

e l e c t r o n i c eq uip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s includ e lo c a t io n and
de n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r ad ia tio n , is o l a t i n g m a lfu n c tio n s , and
fre qu en t e n g i n e e r i n g chan ges.
W o r k in v o l v e s :
A d e ta ile d understandin g o f
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent jud g m ent in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such tasks as m ak in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c alc ulatin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x t e s t i n ­
strum en ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
pulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C la s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routine tasks in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n ­
s tru c tion s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y all p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c om p one n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and takin g te s t rea din gs ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t; and using to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu ding c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can advance
to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n tl y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
te c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l te c h n icia n s .

C la s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' manua ls o r s i m i l a r doc um e nts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m ent in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k sequence and in s e l e c t i n g
to o ls and te s ti n g in s tr u m e n ts , u suall y l e s s c o m p l e x than th os e used by the
c la s s A te c hn icia n.

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e te c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n s .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c he c k ed , but is g ive n d e taile d
r e v i e w wh en n e w o r ad vanced a s s ig n m e n ts a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u rsing s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an ac c id en t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m en t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; keeping
r e c o r d s o f patients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id en t r e p o r t s f o r c om p e n s a tio n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v alu ations of
ap plican ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g
health education, a c c id en t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t, o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the he alth, w e l f a r e , and s a f e ty o f all p e r s o n n e l .
N u rsin g

s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses

in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

em p lo yin g m o r e

th an

one n u rs e a r e e x clud ed .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TE N A N C E C A R PE N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — Continued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to con stru c t and m ain ta in
in good r e p a i r build ing w o o d w o r k and equipm en t such as bins, c r i b s , c ou n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m ad e o f w ood
in an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
lay in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r in ts , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s hand to ols , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and sta ndard
m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m ak in g s ta n dard shop com putations
r e la tin g to
d im e n sio n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv ale n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l equip m en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools
and m e a s u r i n g and te s ti n g i n s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
te nance e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i i ^ d
th rough a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p es o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f fe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
painting by r e m o v i n g old f in is h o r by p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il ho les
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh . M ay m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , wh ite l e a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r con ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functions such as the i n ­
s tallation , m ain te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equip m en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
bution, o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m en t. W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
equ ipm en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n equipm ent; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r in ts , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r oth e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n os in g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
equipm en t; w o r k i n g standard com putations r e l a t i n g to load r e q u i r e m e n t s o f




M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and new p a r ts in m ak ing r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n i c a l equip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m en t. W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; planning and l a y i n g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's handtoo ls

32

MAINTENANCE MACHINIST— Continued

M AINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R — Continued

and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g standard
m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m ak in g standard
shop com putations r e l a t i n g to d im e n sio n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , ana speeds
o f m a c h in in g; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g s tan da rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e quip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r this w o r k ;
and fit tin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts into m e c h a n i c a l equip m ent. In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded tr a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u suall y a c q u i r e d thro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e quivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

m eet sp ecifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n ance p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in in s ta l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g building sanitation o r heating s y s te m s
are excluded.

M A IN T E N A N C E M E CH AN IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m ac h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e quip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d is m an tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtoo ls in
s c r a p i n g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts w ith i t e m s
obta ined f r o m sto ck ; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tion o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e shop o r sending the m ac h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d u c tion o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m ac h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m aking all
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents f o r op e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y
a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l ap p re n tic es h ip o r e qu iv ale n t t r a i n i n g and e x ­
perience.
E x c lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e setting up o r adjusting m a c h in e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s, m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g autom otiv e
e quip m en t to d ia g nos e s o u r c e o f tr o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equ ipm en t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtoo ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d equipm en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts f r o m sto ck ; g rin d in g and adjustin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and i n s ta llin g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak in g
n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e nts ; and ali gnin g w h e e l s , adjustin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r
tig hten in g b ody b o l ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n anc e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e us ually a c q u i r e d th ro ugh
a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r equiv ale nt t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not include m e c h a n ic s who r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u tom ob il e r e p a i r shops.
M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p es o f pip e and
p i p e f i tt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s itio n o f pip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r ot h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t ti n g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
pip e w ith sto ck s and d ie s; bending pip e by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith couplin gs and fa s te n in g pipe to h a n g e r s ;
m ak in g standard shop com putations r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
pip e r e q u i r e d ; and m ak in g standard t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d pip es




M AIN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ainta ins in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
equipm en t and f i x t u r e s (such as m a c h in e g uards, g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, duc ts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s tab lishm en t.
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out all ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m ain te n an c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p rin ts , m o d e l s , o r oth e r s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a i l a b l e ty pes o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtoo ls in cutting, bending, f o r m i n g , shaping,
f ittin g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s ta l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . T
r>
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e us uall y a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l ap p re n tic es h ip o r
e qu iv ale n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls ne w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equipm ent, and d is m an tle s and
i n s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equipm en t when changes in the plant lay out a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P lan n in g and la y in g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools
and r i g g i n g ; m ak in g standard shop com putations r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n te r s o f g r a v i t y ; alignin g and bala ncing equipment;
s e l e c t i n g s ta n dard t o o l s , equipm en t, and p arts to be used; and in s ta llin g and
m ain ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equ ipm en t such as d r i v e s and
speed redu cers.
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e qu iv ale n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s i n . t h e s k i l l e d m ainte n ance t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r supplie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c leanin g w o rk in g a r e a , m ac h in e ,
and equipm en t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n by holding m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g ot h e r u n sk ille d tasks as d i r e c t e d by jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is confined to supplyin g, li f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c le anin g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in ot h e rs he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p arts o f a tr a d e that a r e also
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a ti n g one o r m o r e than one type o f m achine
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , grin d in g m a c h in e , engine lath e, m i l l i n g m a c h in e ) to
m ac h in e m e t a l f o r use in m ak in g o r m ain ta ining j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
gau g es , o r m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , ru b b e r, g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d iffic u lt m achinin g op e r a tion s whic h
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m ac h in e

M ACHINE-TOOL O PERATO R (TOOLROOM)— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting to o ls and adjust gu id es , sto ps, w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n tro ls to handle the s i z e o f stoc k to be m ac h in e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , sp ee d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n sequence o r s e l e c t
th os e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p rin ts , o r l a y o u t s ); using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents dur ing
m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r coo lants and cutting and l u b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when to o l s need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s to o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e usually a c q u i r e d th ro ugh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.

w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and f in is h e d to o ls
and d ies to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i ti e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a ll o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u sually a c q u i r e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv ale n t tr a in in g and
experien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t io n does not
inclu de t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ies (d ie s i n k e r s ) .

S T A T IO N A R Y ENG IN EE R
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
include m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops.

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R

C on s tru c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , gau g es , o r
m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta l l i c
m a te r ia l (e .g ., pla stic, p la s te r, rubber, gla ss).
W ork typ ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y i n g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; un derstandin g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e tas k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop com puta tions;
se tting up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h in e to o l s and r e l a t e d equip m ent; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ;

O p e r a t e s and m ain ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y engines and equip m en t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditioning.
W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g equipment such as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tilatin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e qu ip m en t, s te a m b o i l e r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m ak in g equip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l con su mption.
M a y als o s u p e r v i s e th es e o p e r a tio n s .
H e ad o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are excluded.
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in which e m ­
p l o y e d w ith he at, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fuels to f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and checks w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a l v e s . M a y c le an , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equipment.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
TR U C K D R IV E R

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K — Continued

D r i v e s a tr u c k w it h in a c ity o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s ,
m e r c h a n d i s e , equip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p es o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
such as:
M an u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, f r e i g h t d epots , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e and
r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ' houses
o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y als o lo a d o r unload tr u c k w ith o r without
h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tru c k in good w o r k i n g
o r d e r . S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , rou te s , a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f t r a n s p o r ta t i o n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the goods
ship ped, m ak in g up b i l l s o f lad ing , p os tin g w e i g h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e ep in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipm en t. R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g
oth e rs in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s hip m en ts against b i l l s o f lad ing , i n ­
v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; che cking f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e j e c t i n g dam aged goods;
rou ting m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; and mainta ining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s.

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
typ e o f e quip m en t, as f o l l o w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be rate d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d rive r,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :

lig ht tr u c k (under IV 2 to ns)
m e d i u m tru c k ( 1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to ns)

Shipping c l e r k
R e ce iv in g clerk
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

WAREHOUSEMAN

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r ship m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m i n g ship m ents o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k

As d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties which r e q u i r e
an understa nding o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t




34

WAREHOUSEMAN— Continued

M A TE R IA L HANDLING LABORER— Continued

o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e i v i n g
d ocum ents , no ting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob viou s d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r i n g , sta ck in g, o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m eth od s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
takin g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r ti n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a ge ;
r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipm en t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g duties.

c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t io n ; and tr a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruc k, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload ship s, a r e e x c l u d e d .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

P O W E R -TR U C K O P E R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t goods and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
tr u c k , as fo l l o w s :

c l a s s i f i e d by ty pe o f p o w e r -

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d goods f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in ad dition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and ind ic atin g
i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n ad d i­
tio n a l stoc k o r r e p o r t s h o rt suppli es to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d
duties.
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d ucts f o r ship m en t o r s t o r a g e by p la c i n g th e m
in shipping c o n ta i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k ed , the typ e o f c on ta in e r
e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f shipm en t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in
shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c on ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c on tain e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c on ta in e r ; and ap p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r i n g i d e n tify in g data on c on ta in e r .
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ak e w o od e n b ox es o r c r a te s a r e excluded.
M A T E R I A L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m anufactu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t wh os e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t




F ork lift op erator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

GUARD AND W A TC H M A N
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routine p o l i c e duties, e i t h e r at f i x e d p os t o r on
to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
Includes
guards who a r e statio ned at gate and check on i d e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
other persons en terin g.
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y again st f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

periodically

in p r o t e c t i n g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
C leans and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y condition f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm en t house, o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t. Duties i n v o l v e a c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w ee p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chips, t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g suppli es and m i n o r m ain te n an c e s e r v i c e s ; and cleanin g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in win do w
w as h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Available On Request
a v a ila b le

The
fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e
at no c o s t fr o m
any o f

su rveyed
p e r io d ic a lly
fo r u se
th e B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s
show n

in a d m in is t e r in g
th e
on th e b a c k c o v e r .

S e r v ic e

C on tr;

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of

A la s k a

S u rvey

r e s u lt s

L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u ,

A lb a n y ,

G a.

A le x a n d r ia ,
A lp e n a ,

N.
La.

A rb or,

A tla n tic

M ic h .

M acon ,

M ic h .

B a k e r s fie ld ,
B a to n

R ouge,

La.

C reek ,

M ic h .

E scanaba,

S a u lt S t e . M a r i e ,

B e n ito ,

M e d f o r d —K l a m a t h
M e r id ia n ,
M id d le s e x ,

M o n m o u th ,

B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t a n d

M is s .

M o b ile

P e n s a c o la ,

P a s c a g o u la ,

Id a h o

B re m erto n ,

and

M o n tg o m e ry ,

W ash .

N ew

B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e ,

N ew

L o n d o n —N o r w ic h ,

B u r lin g t o n ,

V t.—N .Y .

N o rth

C od,

M ass.

R a p id s ,

C h a r le s t o n ,

N .C .

P e o r ia ,

W yo.
S p r in g s ,

P in e

C o lo .

G a . —A l a .

P u e b lo ,

C o lu m b u s ,

M is s .

Io w a

T e x .,

F a y e tt e v ille ,

F ort

S a lin a ,

an d A la m o g o r d o — L a s

C ru ces,

Sandu sky,
S a n ta

W ayn e,

M ass.

S e lm a ,

In d .

A la .

G rea t

F a lls ,

C ro s s e ,

Lared o ,
Las

L a w to n ,
L im a ,
L ittle

An

annual

c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s
o ffic e s

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on

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back




cover,

fo r

O rd er as
or

fr o m

th e

Pa.

T a m p a —S t . P e t e r s b u r g ,
A r iz .

T u ls a ,

W is .

F la .

K ans.

Tucson,

O k la .

V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a ,

N ev.

W aco

W est T exas

R o c k —N o r t h

L ittle

a u d ito r s ,
1891,

S u p e r in t e n d e n t

R ock,

c h ie f

A rk .

of

D o c u m e n ts ,

of

a tto rn e y s ,

P r o fe s s io n a l,

U .S .

G overn m en t

jo b

a n a ly s ts ,

A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
P r in tin g

O ffic e ,

d ir e c t o r s
T e c h n ic a l,

of

T ex.

Io w a

D e l . —N .J . —M d .

p e r s o n n e l,

and

W a s h in g to n ,

F a lls ,

P la in s

W ilm in g to n ,

a c c o u n ta n ts ,

N a tio n a l S u r v e y

C a lif.

a n d K i l l e e n —T e m p l e ,

W a t e r l o o —C e d a r

O k la .

B u lle tin

W ash .

Topeka,

W . V a . —K y . —O h i o

Tenn.

M a s s . —C o n n .

C a lif.

Tacom a,

O h io

a c c o u n ta n ts ,
B LS

111.

S to c k to n ,

T ex.

V egas,

W ash .

S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e — H o l y o k e ,

of

H u n t i n g t o n —A s h l a n d ,
La

N eb r.

M o n t.

H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n ,
K n o x v ille ,

S. D ak .

S p r in g fie ld ,

I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s ,
T e r r ito r y

La.

F a lls ,

Spokane,

N .C .

G ran d

C a lif.

Tex.

S h re v e p o rt,
S io u x

an d A n n is to n ,

G o ld s b o r o ,

M a r ia —L o m p o c ,

G a.

A la .

S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n ,
P a .—

W. Va.

C a lif.

C a lif.

O h io

B a r b a r a —S a n t a

Savan n ah ,

A r k . — O k la .

M a r tin s b u r g ,

B e r n a r d i n o —O n t a r i o ,

K ans.

S a lin a s —S e a s i d e —M o n t e r e y ,

O reg.

F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d . —C h a m b e r s b u r g ,

G uam ,

N. M e x .

N .C .

F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r ,
S m ith ,

W a s h . —O r e g .

R i v e r s i d e —S a n
M in n .—W is .

E u g e n e —S p r i n g f i e l d ,

G adsden

R ic o
N ev.

P e n d le to n ,

A la .

F ort

Id a h o

R i c h l a n d —K e n n e w i c k —W a l l a W a l l a —

D u l u t h —S u p e r i o r ,
E l P aso,

F a lls ,

N . H . —M a in e —M a s s .

C o lo .

P u erto
R eno,

111.

M o in e s ,

D o th a n ,

W . V a . —O h i o

A rk .

P o c a t e l l o —I d a h o

C o lu m b u s ,

D es

C a lif.

F la .

P o rts m o u th ,

D e c a tu r,

N .C .

C o n n .—R . I .

A r iz .

B lu ff,

S .C .

In d .

N .J .

III.

P h o e n ix ,
T e n n . —K y .

O reg.

C o s .,

of

V a lle y —V e n tu ra ,

C ity ,

C o lu m b ia ,

C ra n e,

S ta te

P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r i e t t a ,

C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l i e ,
C o lo r a d o

Panam a

P ass,

F la .

O x n a r d —S im i
111.

S .C .

C h a r l o t t e —G a s t o n i a ,
C heyen ne,

D a k o ta ,

O r la n d o ,

Io w a

M ic h .

B r o w n s v ille —

Tenn.

N o r w a lk ,
G a.

C h a m p a i g n — U r b a n a —R a n t o u l ,

be

A la . —F la .

B r u n s w ic k ,

C edar

and

and O cean

B r id g e p o r t,

C ape

C onn.

w ill

A la .

N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n ,
an d S ta m fo rd ,

or

T ex.

F a l l s —G r a n t s

Tex.

C it y ,

are

M is s .

B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r th u r ^ -O r a n g e ,
B o is e

la s t,

O h io

H a r l i n g e n —S a n

B a ttle

s u p p lie s

M d .—V a . —D e l.

M c A lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u r g

C a lif.

w h ile

W is .

M a rq u e tte ,

G a .—S .C .

w h ic h ,

Va.

M a n s fie ld ,

N .J .

r e le a s e s

G a.

M a d is o n ,

N .C .

C it y ,

A u g u s ta ,

C it y ,

in

In d .

S h ore,

E a s te rn

Lyn ch b u rg,
and T a w a s

p u b lis h e d

O h io

Low er

M ex.

S t a n d is h ,

A s h e v ille ,

are

L o r a i n —E l y r i a ,

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1975.

e n g in e e r s ,
$ 1 .3 0

a

e n g in e e r in g

copy,

fr o m

any

te c h n ic ia n s ,
o f

th e

B LS

d r a ft e r s ,
r e g io n a l

and
s a le s

Area Wage Surveys
A l is t o f th e la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s con d u c te d at th e r e q u e s t o f the
E m p lo y m e n t S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .
B u lle t in s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n
on th e b a c k c o v e r o r f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402
B u lle t in n u m b er
and p r i c e *

A rea
A k ron ,

O h io ,

D ec.

1 9 7 6 1 ______________________________________________________________

A lb a n y -S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y ,

N .Y .,

A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a - G a r d e n
A tla n ta ,

G a .,

A u s tin ,

T e x .,

B a ltim o r e ,
B illin g s ,

M ay

B in g h a m to n ,

N .Y .,

C a n to n ,

O h io ,

C h a tta n o o g a ,
C h ic a g o ,

C in c in n a t i,

85

1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,

75

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -3 9 , 55

c e n ts

J u ly

1 9 7 6 1 _____________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -4 9 , 85

c e n ts

1 9 7 6 * ____________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -1 1 , 95

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -5 3 , 85

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -7 0 ,

75

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -2 8 ,

55

c e n ts

1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________

M ay

1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________

T e n n , —G a . ,

1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -5 7 ,

55 c e n ts

1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________________

M ay

S e p t.

1 9 0 0 -3 2 ,

$ 1 .0 5

O h i o —K y ^ - I n d . ,

C le v e la n d ,

O h io ,

C o lu m b u s ,

O h io ,

C orp u s

1 9 0 0 -3 0 ,

1 9 0 0 -5 2 , 85

M ar.

O c t.

1 1 1 .,

55 c e n ts
75 c e n ts

A u g . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________________

M a s s .,

B u ffa lo ,

85 c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 7 ,

1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________________

J u ly

A la .,

B o s to n ,

1 9 0 0 -7 6 ,

1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________

N .Y ^ P a .,

B ir m in g h a m ,

O c t . 1 9 7 6 _________________

1 9 7 5 * ____________________________________________________________

Aug.

M o n t.,

C a lif.,

1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________________

D ec.

M d .,

S e p t . 1 9 7 6________________________________

G rove,

C h r is t i,

S e p t.

D a v e n p o rt-R o c k

1 9 7 6 _________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -7 ,

75

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -6 2 , 95

c e n ts

1 9 7 6 _____ _____________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -6 8 , 75

c e n ts

J u ly

O c t.
T e x .,

D a lla s - F o r t W o rth ,

M ar.

1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -4 1 , 55

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -6 3 , 85

c e n ts

T e x .,

1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________

O c t . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________

I s l a n d —M o l i n e ,

Io w a -Ill.,

F eb .

1 9 7 6 _________________

1 9 0 0 -2 5 , 55

c e n ts

D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 6 _____ _________________________________________________________
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 6 _____ i ___________________________ __ ______________
_

1 9 0 0 -7 8 , 85
1 9 0 0 -4 5 , 45

c e n ts
c e n ts

D e n v e r —B o u ld e r ,

1 9 0 0 -7 3 , 8 5

c e n ts

D e t r o it ,
F o rt

M ic h .,

C o lo .,
M ar.

D ec.

B o c a R a to n ,
F resn o ,
G reen

F la .,

C a lif.,

G a in e s v ille ,

A p r.

and W e s t P a lm

1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -2 0 , 55

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -2 9 , 55

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -5 4 , 4 5

c e n ts

W is .,

1 9 0 0 -3 7 , 55

c e n ts

J u ly

1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________________________

G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m —H i g h

H o u sto n ,

C o n n .,
T e x .,

H u n ts v ille ,

1 9 7 6 __________

1 9 0 0 -4 7 , 65

1 9 7 6 1__________________________________

1 9 0 0 -3 6 , 85

c e n ts

1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________

Jackson,

M ar.

A p r.

A la .,

In d ia n a p o lis ,

1 9 0 0 -1 4 , 55

c e n ts
c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -8 ,

c e n ts

1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________________

D ec.
K y .,

1 9 7 6 11
____________________________________________________
S e p t.
N ov.

A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h ,
K y < —I n d . ,

c e n ts
c e n ts

F la .,

L o u is v ille ,

1 9 0 0 -2 6 , 85

c e n ts

1 9 0 0 -1 7 , 55

M o r-K a n s „

Los

Aug.

1 9 0 0 -5 8 , 75

J a c k s o n v ille ,
C ity ,

N .C .,

1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________

K ansas

L e x in g to n - F a y e t te ,

P o in t,

June

1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________

O c t.

F eb .

S .C .,

1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________________

F eb .

In d .,

M is s .,

$ 1 .2 5

1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________________

G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r t a n b u r g ,
H a r tfo r d ,

1 9 0 0 -1 5 ,

B each —

S e p t . 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________

June

F la .,

B ay,

1 9 7 6 ______________________ __ _____________________

1 9 7 6 1__________________________________________________________

L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d

N ov.

1 9 7 6 1___________________________________________
1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________

C a lif.,

O c t.

55

1 9 0 0 -8 0 , 85
1 9 0 0 -6 0 ,

c e n ts

$ 1 .0 5

1 8 5 0 -8 4 , 75

c e n ts

1 9 7 6 ________________________________

1 9 0 0 -7 7 , 85

c e n ts

1 9 7 6 ____ ______________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -6 9 , 55

c e n ts

M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a ,

F la .,

Aug.

1 9 7 5 ____________________________

1 8 5 0 -5 4 , 65

c e n ts

M e m p h is ,

N ov.

1 9 7 6 1 ___________________________________

1 9 0 0 -7 5 , 85

c e n ts

T e n n . —A r k , —M i s s . ,

* Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffic e and are subject to change.
* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ia m i, F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r . 19 7 6 ____________________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —S t. P a u l, M in n .—W i s ., J an . 1976_______________________
N a s s a u - S u ffo lk , N . Y . , Ju ne 1976_______________________________________
N e w a r k , N .J ., J a n . 1976_________________________________________________
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , J a n . 19 7 6 ___________________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y ^ N . J . , M a y 1976_______________________________________
N o r fo lk —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a ^ N . C , , M a y 1976 1_____
N o r fo lk —V i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p to n , V a . - N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 * ___________________ __________________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1976____________________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1976______________________________________
O m a h a , N e b r ^ - Io w a , O c t. 1976_________________________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1976_________________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ^ N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 6 1 ___________________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 1 ____________________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1
____________________________________________
P o r t la n d , O r e g , —W a s h ., M a y 1976_____________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1976________________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie - K in g s t o n - N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976_______________
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R . 1 ,- M a s s ., June 1976_________
W
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1976_____________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1976_______________________________________________
S t. L o u is , M o ,—111., M a r . 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif . , D e c . 1976_____ _ _________________________________
_
S a g in a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1 9 7 6 1_________________ _____________________ _____
S a lt L a k e C ity —O g d e n , U ta h , N o v . 1976_______________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1976________________________________ ____________
San F r a n c is c o - O a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976__________________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 19 7 6 _____________________________________
E
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1976____________________________________________
S ta m fo r d , C o n n ., M a y 1 9 7 6 *____________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1976_________________________________________ _____
T o le d o , O h io —M ic h ., M a y 1976_________________________________________
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1976________________________________________________
U t ic a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y l 9 7 5 1_______________________________________ __
W a s h in g to n , D . C ^ M d ^ V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 _ _____________________________
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty , N . Y . , M a y 1976_________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 1976_______________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 19 7 6___________________________________ _______
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 19 7 6 ____________________ ________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e *
1 9 0 0-66,
1 9 0 0-22,
190 0 -3 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 5 ,
1 9 0 0-10,
1 9 0 0 -2 ,
19 0 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 7 ,

75 ce n ts
85 cen ts
95 cen ts
85 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
75 c e n ts
$ 1 .0 5
85 cen ts

1 9 0 0 -3 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 3 ,
19 0 0 -4 2 ,
19 0 0 -6 1 ,
1900-38,
19 0 0 -6 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 ,
19 0 0 -7 2 ,
19 0 0 -5 1 ,
19 0 0 -5 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 1 ,
19 0 0 -1 8 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 4 ,
1 9 00-19,
19 0 0 -7 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 4 ,
19 0 0 -6 5 ,
19 0 0 -2 3 ,
19 0 0 -7 9 ,
1 9 00-9,
1 9 0 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 ,
1 9 00-5,
19 0 0 -4 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 4 ,
19 0 0 -2 4 ,
19 0 0 -5 6 ,
18 5 0 -4 8 ,
19 0 0 -1 2 ,
19 0 0 -4 6 ,
19 0 0 -2 1 ,
1 9 0 0-16,
1 9 0 0 -4 ,

85 cen ts
65 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
85 ce n ts
75 cen ts
45 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
75 cen ts
55 c e n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5
55 cen ts
75 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
65 cen ts
55 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
65 cen ts
55 ce n ts
85 c e n ts
55 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 c e n ts
80 cen ts
85 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
55 cen ts
55 ce n ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

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U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
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Lab-441

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