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L

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Jackso n ville, Florida, M e tro p o lita n A rea,
D ecem ber 1973
Bulletin 1795-8




Oayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library

JUL331974
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
RnfPaii of Labor Statistics




ANNO UNCEM EN T
Beginning with the 1795 series, Area Wage Surveys will be
issued as bulletins (for sale) only every third year. These bulletins
will contain information on establishment practices and supplementary
benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years, supplements
containing data on earnings only will be issued free. Supplements
can be obtained from BLS Regional Offices listed on the back cover
of this publication.

Preface
This bulletin provides results of a December 1973 survey of occupational earnings
and supplementary wage benefits in the Jacksonville, Florida, Standard Metropolitan Statis­
tical Area (Duval County). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics'
annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual
metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance
in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 94 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits, collected every second year in the
past, is now obtained every third year. Results of the next two annual surveys, providing
earnings data only, will be issued as free supplements to this bulletin. The supplements
may be obtained from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two sum­
mary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area
surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Jacksonville survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta,
Ga., under the general direction of Donald M . Cruse, Associate Assistant Regional Director
for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of
the many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information
in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the
Jacksonville area is available for laundry and dry cleaning. Also available are listings of
union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees,
local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees.
Free copies of these are
available from the Bureau's regional offices.
(See back cover for addresses.)

AREA W AGE SURVEY

Bulletin 17 95 -8
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

April 1974

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S . Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Jacksonville, Florida, M etropolitan Area, Decem ber 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2 Introduction
Tables:
A.
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19

Earnings:
Weekly earnings of office workers
A - 1.
Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers
A - 2.
A - 3.
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and techincal workers, by sex
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers
A -4 .
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers
A - 5.
A - 6.
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex
Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups and percents of increase for selected periods
A - 7.
A - 8.
Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts

B. Establ:ishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks
B -l.
Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
B -2 .
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays
B -4a. Identification of major paid holidays
Paid vacation provisions
B -5 .
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions
B- 6.

21 Appendix A. Scope and method of survey
24 Appendix B. Occupational descriptions




F o r sale b y th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e . W a s h in g to n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 , G P O B o o k s t o r e s , o r
B L S R e g io n a l O ff ic e s lis t e d o n b a c k c o v e r . P r ic e 6 5 c e n ts . M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le t o S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts .

1

Introduction
This area is 1 of 94 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

plant workers.
The first of these, table A -7 , measures changes in
average earnings of the four occupational groups over time.
Where
possible, data are presented for all industries and manufacturing.
Table A -8 presents another measure of wage movements. The percents
of change reported for the occupational groups are computed to eliminate
changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among estab­
lishments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey
samples. Where possible, data also are presented for nonmanufacturing.
Appendix A discusses more fully differences between these tables.
B -series tables
The B -se r ie s tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office w orkers; late-shift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.

A -se r ie s tables
Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 22 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or m ore.

Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides
information on the scope of the area survey. It also provides infor­
mation on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

Following the occupational wage tables are two tables providing
indexes and percents of change in average earnings of office clerical
workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance workers, and unskilled




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
t

$

t

workers

60

weekly
(standard]

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

65

70

65

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

70

75

*

*

$

%

t

$

t

*

t

$

t

*

$

»

*

i

»

T5

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

ISO

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

“

3

3

1

*

*

“

-

-

9

7

2

3

-

-

-

8

“

9
9

33
28

4
3

10
10

16
15

11
9

3
*

-

4
4

18
1
17

22
22

81
5
76
3

62
11
51

43
7
36

24
3
21

*

29
4
25
6

-

-

-

165
21
144

185
22
163
23

127
27
100
11

76
13
63
15

81
27
54
17

19
12
7
1

23

4

8
8
*

1
I
1

-

9
9
9

-

3
3

-

an d
under

HEN AND WOMEN COMB IN ED
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! ------------------------------

26

$
$
$
$
40.0 139.50 124.50 104.00-197.00

“

”

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------

29

39.5 121.00 105.00

99 .0 0- 16 6. 00

-

-

-

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------- —

87
75

39.0 110.00 105.00
39.0 109.00 105.00

95.00-125.00
95 .0 0- 12 4. 00

_

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

564
32
332
45

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5

140.00
135.00
140.50
178.00

134.50
137.00
134.00
190.00

122.00-156.50
127.00-146.00
121.50-159.00
161.00-210.50

-

-

*

-

-

-

*

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

819
129
690
124

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

113.00
119.50
111.50
148.50

107.50 96 .0 0- 12 4. 00
115.00 104.00-135.00
106.00 95.00-121.50
139.00 115.50-199.50

3

3

10

4

82

«

-

3
*

3

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

128
124
37

38.0 106.50
91.50
85.00-124.00
85.00-126.00
38.0 107.00
91.00
39.0 147.50 154.00 104.50-182.50

_
-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

261
261

38.0
38.0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------MA NU FACTURING --- ----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

137
25
112

40.0 115.00 111.50 101.50-124.50
39.5 132.50 120.00 102.50-165.00
40.0 111.00 110.00 101.50-123.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL --- ------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

103
35
68

39.5 127.50 122.50 104.50-140.00
40.0 126.00 130.00 110.00-143.50
39.5 128.50 119.50 103.00-139.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

245
235

38.5 136.00 128.50 119.50-139.50
38.5 136.00 128.50 119.00-139.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

685
26
659

39.0 115.00 105.00 96 .0 0- 12 1. 00
40.0 108.00 111.00 103.50-114.00
39.0 115.50 105.00 95.5 0- 12 1. 50

MESSEN GE RS

(OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLSIn o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

178
169
32

38.5
97.00
92.50 81 .5 0- 10 2. 00
81.00-102.50
92.50
38.5
97.50
38.5 136.50 111.00 103.50-182.00

SECRETARIES --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G — -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

914
98
816
64

38.5
40.0
38.0
39.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---- -------------

71
63

39.0 161.50 163.00 144.00-177.00
38.5 163.00 165.00 146.50-178.50

-

*

*

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---- ------------

221
201

38.0 149.00 148.50 129.50-166. 0 0
38.0 149.50 149.50 129.00-166.50

-

-

_

See

fo o tn o te s

at end

82.00
82.00

139.00
144.50
138.50
195.50

79.50
79.50

134.50
142.50
133.00
197.00

73.00- 89.50
73.00- 89.50

118.50-154.50
130.00-161.00
116.50-154.00
183.50-212.00

-

-

-

-

10
-

4

82
“

-

•

11
11

49
49

18
14
“

14
14
12

4

*

17
17

75
75

45
45

61
61

48
48

u
ii

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

8
a

15
4
ll

42
5
37

17
4
13

33
1
32

11
2
9

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

9

“

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

i
i

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

34
34
10

6
i
5

9
9
4

9
9
7

9
-

4
4
2

-

-

-

2

“

8
8
4

-

_

4

*

19

u

-

-

19
19

u

1
1
l

9
9
9

3
3

-

7
7
-

23
23

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

“

-

9
-

*

*

9

23
6
17

13
4
9

13
5
8

17
7
10

9
7
2

7
7

4
4

14
14

40
39

71

50
47

4

69

i

15
14

3
3

190
10
180

85
14
71

68
1
67

13

18

7

13

18

4

1
1
“

_

2

3
3
“

93
6
87

163
18
145

110
17
93

*

*

-

1
1

-

-

_

-

7

-

-

-

-

7

66

155
1
154

27
27

44
40
*

45
40
*

32
32
16

2
-

50
50

90

-

*

.

.

"

*

8
8
*

-

.
-

3
-

-

i

-

“

“

*

-

-

_

9

9

-

-

2

“

“

-

-

.

“

*
.
-

4
4

-

3
-

3

66

2
“

*
-

o f ta b le s .




-

10

3

"

-

.

91
1

-

-

*

-

6
6

6
6
-

4

*

24
23

27

24

3

-

4

-

-

2
2

3

-

4
4

-

-

u

-

*

-

4

*

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

i
i

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

_

“

2
2

-

_

2

-

-

-

2

*

10
10

18
18

7
7

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

11

.

_

_

65

-

_

-

7

11

“

-

-

65

-

*

-

-

3
3
3

_

5

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

2

5
5

-

-

-

-

45

20

25

7
38

3
17
12

24

19
1
18

12

12

2

84
9
75

57
14
43

-

117
21
96
1

3

8

4

12

9

4

4

2

9

15
13

4

4

2

29
25

10
10

3
3

7

7
7

9

l

2

9

10
9

25
19

34
30

39
37

1

7

16
16
14

6

3

6

-

-

4

-

-

-

6

6

4

l

-

_

3

1

*

-

9

1

-

-

2

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)______

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s
%

Average
weekly

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i c

%

60

%

*

%

*

t

*

*

i

~ S

*

I

i

I

$

*
*
$
i
i—
200 210 220 230 290

65

70

75

80

90

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

70

75___ 80

90

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

23
2
21

90
6
39

97
3
99

91
5
36

30
9
26

12
9

15
i
19

11
1
10

8
1
7

96
3
93

95
9

39
6
28

30
9

21

5
2
3

7
2
5

5
9
1

91
91
11

95
90
5

39
36

12
10
9

3
3
2

29
29
29

13

6
6
6

92
92
92

16
16
16

8

12

29

96

11

29
3
26

10

20

11

29
8
21

and
under

standard)

65

220

MEN AND WOMEN C O M B I N E D C O NT IN UE D
SECRETARIES - CO NTINUED
$

$

$

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

316
31
285

38.5 139.50 136.50 11 6. 00 90.0 197.00 150.00 1 3 0 . 0 0 38.0 138.50 135.00 1 1 3. 00 -

159.00
162.50
153.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --- -------------

306
39
267

38.5 126.00 129.00 11 1. 50 90.0 192.50 191.00 1 2 8. 00 38.5 123.50 122.50 1 0 9 . 5 0 -

139.50
160.00
131.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------

312
299
155

39.0 191.50 127.00 110.00-186.00
187.00
38.5 192.00 127.50 1 0 9. 00 197.00
39.0 172.50 186.00 1 5 2. 50 -

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

39.5 190.50 132.50 1 2 1 . 0 0 90.0 130.00 128.00 1 1 9. 00 39.0 192.50 133.00 1 2 2. 50 -

SW IT CH BO AR O OPERATORS, CLASS B --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

39.0
39.0

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

116
109

S ee

fo o tn o te s

at end




152.50
192.00
155.00

82.5081.50-

106.00
105.00

22
21

111.50
115.50
109.00

58
17
91

25
15
10

150.50
150.50

337
318

86

2

10

10
3
-

20
20
20

-

3

6
-

10
-

-

6

10

10

20

11

39.5 105.50 109.50 9 3 . 5 0 90.0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 2. 00 92.5039.5 103.50 103.00

38.5
38.5

95.50
99.50

99.50
98.50

98.50
98.00

37.5 106.50 105.50
37.5 106.50 105.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

23
23

37.0 131.00 133.50 1 1 7 . 5 0 37.0 131.00 133.50 1 1 7. 50 -

152
92
110

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

96.50
95.50

97
1

8

38.0
38.0

92.00
91.50

86.50
85.50

7
2
5

2

l

2

1

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

2

60
59

25
22

15
15

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

—

2

-

2
2

93.50- 10 9. 50
93 .0 0- 10 9. 00
96.0096.00-

13

-

-

-

2
135
135

81.00- 99.00
80.50- 95.50

o f ta b le s .

4

53
99

90
30

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

113.00
113.00

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

230

290

250

Table A -2. W eekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
t

Number

90

weekly

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n
workcre

(standard

t

Mean *

Median i

Middle ranged

t

100

$

S

110

120

t

t

130

140

%

3

150

160

t

170

*

t

180

190

$

t

200

210

t

220

♦

t

230

240

t

250

»

260

*

t

270

280

an d
under

100

290
and

120

110

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

7
7

3

3

1
1

1
1

2
2

*

280

290

MEN AND WOMEN C O MB IN ED
CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

68
68

$
$
$
$
38.5 178.50 177.00 151.00-206.00
38.5 178.50 177.00 151.00-206.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------

231
220

39.0 144.00 141.00 127.00-158.50
39.0 143.50 140.00 126.50-158.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------

52
47

38.5 136.50 136.00 127.50-145.00
38.5 137.00 135.00 127.50-155.50

•

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

170
169

38.5 221.50 220.00 210.50-233. 00
38.5 221.00 220.00 210.00-233.00

•

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

137
130

38.0 180.50 177.00 162.00-200.50
38.0 180.00 177.00 161.00-199.00

•

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

53
53

38.0 163.00 155.50 141.00-192.00
38.0 163.00 155.50 141.00-192.00

“

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------

91
89

38.5 260.00 264.00 23 2. 00 -2 95 .0 0
38.5 260.00 264.00 23 1. 50 -2 97 .5 0

-

l

-

1

16
16

13
13

2
2

5
5

10
10

3
3

4
4

65
65

29
28

37
34

32
28

14
12

13
13

11
10

10
10

3
3

-

12
11

18
14

6
6

12
12

•

“

1
1

~

4
4

6
6

22
22

8
8

44
44

27
27

34
33

2
2

5
5

8
6

7
7

14
14

11
11

14
13

34
33

14
14

9
8

16
14

4
2

4
4

*

2
2

7
7

2
2

*

12
12

7
7

13
13

6
6

4
4

5
5

5
5

_

_

6
6

12
12

4
4

6
5

4
4

10
10

-

3
3

14
14

1
1

3
3

_

_

”

*

3
3

3
3

“

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

.

_
_

1
1

_

_

*

-

-

-

_

5
5

_

-

_

”

2
2

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

•

11
10

* 23
23

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------

51

38.0 194.50 192.00 182.50-210.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

13

12

5

6

3

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------MA NUFACTURING ------------

86
66

39.5 172.00 173.00 145.00-197.00
39.0 176.50 177.50 145.00-202.00

-

_

3
3

9
9

11
8

3

8
6

14
7

7
6

9
9

7
6

3

6
6

3

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

3
“

3

*

*

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------MA NUFACTURING ------------

53
37

38.5 123.00 123.00 113.00-134.00
38.0 120.50 120.00 112.00-131.00

3
3

5
3

14
13

7
3

-

9

10
3

3
3

and

8 at $ 3 2 0 t o

*

W ork ers

See

w ere

fo o tn o te s

d is t r ib u t e d

at en d

as

fo llo w s :

1 at

$290

to

$ 300;

13 a t

$ 300 t o

$310;

1 at $ 3 1 0

-

to

$320;

o f t a b le s .




5

u

$330.

3

Table A -3 . Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
Average

S ex,

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OF FI CE OC CUPATIONS - MEN

Average

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

44
42

$
39.5 160.50
39.5 162.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

54
38

39.5 141.50
39.0 143.50

ME SSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

105
99
25

39.0 104.50
39.0 105.50
38.5 143.50

(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

29
87
75

39.0 110.00
39.0 109.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

320
30
290
39

38.5
40.0
38.5
39.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

765
113
652

39.0 1 1 1 . 0 0
40.0 117.00
38.5 110.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

112
108

38.0 102.00
38.0 102.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

258
258

38.0
38.0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

130
108

40.0 1 1 1 . 0 0
40.0 108.00

fo o tn o te

at e n d




Average

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

679
26
653

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

73
70

SECRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

912
98
814
62
70
62

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

220
200

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO ME N— CONTINUED
$
39.0 115.00 TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------40.0 108.00
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------39.0 115.50
TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------37.5
86.00
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------37.5
86.00
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
38.5 139.00
40.0 144.50 CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------38.0 138.00
39.0 195.00
COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------39.0 161.00
38.5 162.00
CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
38.0 149.00
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------------38.0 149.50

99
33
66
245
235

137.50
135.50
137.50
172.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

316
31
285

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

82.00
82.00

39.5 125.50
40.0 126.50
39.5 125.00
38.5 136.00
38.5 136.00

Number
of
workers

84
84
337
318

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
( standard)

$
37.5 107.00
37.5 107.00
38.0
38.0

92.00
91.50

68
68

38.5 178.50
178.50

183
176

39.0 145.00
38.5 145.00

151
150

39.0 221.00
39.0 221.00

38.5 139.50 COMP UT ER PROGRAMMERS*
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------40.0 147.00
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------38.0 138.50

112
105

38.5 181.50
38.0 180.50

306
39
267

38.5 126.00 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
40.0 142.50
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------38.5 123.50

34
34

38.0 164.00
38. « 164.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

303
290
146

39.0 139.50 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
38.5 140.00
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------39.0 171.00

63
81

38.5 263.00
38.5 263.00

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

269
37
232

39.5 140.50
130.00
4 0 .0
39.0 142.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

88
82

39.5 121.00

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

See

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

39.0
39.0

95.50
94.50

-------------------------------------------

50

38.0 194.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

80
63

39.0 173.00
39.0 177.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------

43

39.0 123.00

48
44

39.5 140.00
39.5 13B.50

25
25

38.0 176.50
38.0 176.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A

SWITCHBOARD O P E R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON 1STSMANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

42
108

40.0 110.00
39.0 102.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

116
109

38.5
38.5

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

o f ta b le s .

6

99.50
98.50

c
rs
0
0

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Weekly

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

Number
of
wo ike is

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
N um ber o f w ork ers

Hourly earnings3

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

0f t
t
S
t
t
t
*
t
s
*
4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

t
i
t
1
1
%
»
t
t
»
$
1—
2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20

Number

an d

$

and

2.80 u n d e r
2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40

4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 o v e r

MEN ANO WOMEN C O MB IN ED
$
3.87- 5.79

$

5.15
5.15

5.46
5.43

4.23- 6.02
3.98- 6.04

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

57
35

5.18
5.50

5.41
5.49

4.39- 5.68
4.88- 6.61

-

-

-

-

-

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES

43

3.48

3.33

2.96- 4.15

2

6

5

4

-

4

4

1

MACHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E --MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

66
62

4.84
4.80

4.95
4.93

4.19- 5.41
4.16- 5.36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

299
73
226
87

4.85
4. 34
5.02
5.53

4.64
4.36
4.69
5.26

4.363.804.484.73-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

280
276

4.45
4.47

4.53
4.55

3.79- 4.87
3.80- 4.87

-

-

5
3

2

1

5

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

1

5

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE ------

27

4.89

5.15

4.17- 5.95

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, MA INTENANCE -- *

29

5.48

5.59

5.44- 5.95

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTE NA NC E MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

96
80

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY -----MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

*
*4
S ee

A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s :
fo o tn o te s

C
D

31

<0

$

CARPENTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---

5.55

14 a t $ 6 . 2 0

to

$ 6 .4 0 ;

5.27
4.64
5.44
6.53

23

1

_
-

at $ 6 . 4 0

-

-

*
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

and

6 at $ 6 .8 0

7

to $ 7 .

3

16
16

1

1
1

3
2

-

-

-

5
4

-

3

7

*

*

*

3
1

-

-

-

14

1

3
3

10

1
1

3
3

3
3

1

10

3
3

14
14

3
3

36

41

1

3

2

7

6

-

4
4

23
23

6
4

-

-

2

7
7

-

28

7
21

5
5

52
52

1

-

12

8

33
3

21
10

*

6

3

1

-

14
12

63
16
47
21

20

1

20

1

24
3

1
1

5

-

12
12

1
4
4

2

3

2

1

3
1

3

to $ 6 .6 0 ;

3

3
3
3

-

at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

1

_

2

-

1

5

22

8
8

15

-

-

-

5
5

22
5

15
15

7
3

2

_
*

“

**43

18
2

-

6
8

-

16

-

-

-

29
29

-

_

-

-

1?

-

-

33
33

6
6

17
17

20
20

24
24

56
56

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

2

1

1

1

2

-

-

-

1

*9
9

-

11

14

-

43
35

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Jacksonville, Fla., Decem ber 1973
Hourly earnings^

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly ea r n in g s o f —

Occupation and industry division

U nder
workers

Mean 2

Median2

»

Middle range 2

i . 60

t
1.60

*
1.80

s
2.00

t
2.20

t
2.60

t
2 .8 0

S
3.00

S
3.20

s

2.40

3.40

t
3.6 0

3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

4 .2 0

t
4 .4 0

t
4.6 0

»
4 .8 0

i
5.00

*
5.2 0

t
5.40

S
5 .6 0

2.0 0

2.20

2.40

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5.0 0

5.20

5 .4 0

5.60

over

16

.

9

.

-

8

-

2

8

-

2

_

_

*

$

s

an d
under
1.80

MEN AND WOMEN C0 M8 I N E 0
$

GUARDS ANO WA TCHMEN ----------------N O NM AN UE AC TU RI NG -----------------

$

$

$

900

1.94

2.01

1.92

1.82
1.82

1 .7 2 -

881

1 .7 2 -

2.01

1,77 4

2.0 3
2 .9 7
1.94

1.94

1 .8 2 -

2.08

2.93
1.92

2 .4 9 -

3.04

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CL EANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

160
1,61 4

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A ND LI NG -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

813
302
511

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

926

3.26
2 .9 0

14

2

23

14

2

12

342
-

755

304

98

96

13

26

9

6

14

2

7

26

4

14

45

342

753

297

72

3

5

2
4

44

2.03

1
12

23

1 .8 0 -

37
59

3
-

44

3.65

45
-

3

-

-

-

9

2 .4 1 2 .2 9 -

3.73
3.49

-

2
-

24

84
10
74

89
55

71

80
18

36
16

66
58

2
-

31
23
8

144

15

4

-

-

140

60
84

13
12
1

12

-

12

15

4

-

-

140

12
12

78
78

-

2

-

36
36

82
76

179

900

16
16

2 .3 6 2 .5 1 -

3.19
3.62

-

l
-

8

19

5

24
6

2 .1 7 -

3.05

1

3

18

2 .9 5 3 .6 2 2 .6 8 -

3.86
3.80
3.86

125
26
97

3.41
3.66
3.33

3.72
3 . 73
3.6 9

SH IPPING CL ERKS ----------------------

“

34

20

8

2

no

31
31

no
no

94

108

53
53

25
-

3
1

-

7

-

3

3

25

2

37
18
19

n

16

28
25

*
*

10
3
7

2
-

5

6
-

11
-

6

11

167

-

.

-

-

-

11
-

5
-

*

*

11

5

2

3
2

94

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

-

*243

5

-

82
82

_

-

243
241

34
34

*
19

45

1

*

1

16
3

3
*2

1

1
3

-

1

-

1

-

1

29

3.31

3.2 6

3 .1 0 -

3.44

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

3

-

13

6

-

-

-

3

-

-

3.6*

3 . 32

2 .6 * -

* .3 6

-

_

-

-

75
10

98

77

65

“

~

“

“

~

”

*

72
16
9

1
60
33

*

3

20
17

89

6.3 6

65
9

43

3.9 4 -

129
63

21
2
19

89
-

123

117
48
69

29
9

6

12
71

101
36

l , 198
375

3.72
4.64

205
76

49

2 .7 6 2 .5 9 -

101
24

61

3. 36
3.28
6.32

98
-

88

3.25
3 . 7*
5.25

123
-

83

296

6
-

202
191

2 . 74
2.74

2.73

2 .3 6 2 .3 4 -

3.06
3.06

_

6

34
34

37
26

8
8

57
57

_

6

17
17

_

“

19
19

6

2.73

6

“

”

16
16

2
2

*

485

2 .3 4 2 .6 9 -

4.31
3.57

65
-

79
-

**

46

10

17

31

21

6

7

24

2

-

65

79

6

13

10

7

3

5

3
13

2
-

4.5 3

32
14

*

2 .2 8 -

12
32

9
6

7

-

4 .0 0 -

6.36

1

17

-

-

-

“

3.52
3.17

2.89

103
382

3.61

140

5.42

2.8 3
6.32

54 7

4.2 7

54
A93

3.43
4.36

23 J

5.15

250

3.07

3.98
3.39

-

-

_

2 .8 7 -

6.31

2 .7 4 -

6.36

“

3.43
3.71

2 .7 8 2 .7 6 -

3.74
3.76
3.48

-

*
-

-

4

88

*

*

*

86

49

_

52

34

5
-

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

29
23

-

*9

32
24
8

4

77

4

34

16

5

2

87

-

1

63

“

*

3

“

3

9

“

*

“

“

*

66

2
-

8
-

7

5

_

66

-

5

-

-

-

-

2

8

7

-

-

-

-

27
27

22

”

_

_

*

_

29

41

6

12
17

33
8

6

40
24

15

37

10

6

16

5

31

-

5
5

*

“

2
2

3 .* i

3.79

-

-

-

3 .1 3 -

3.78

-

-

-

216

3.32

3.19

2 .8 1 -

3.90

*

-

-

95

3.80

3.79

3 .0 4 -

4 .7 6

-

-

_

*

90

3.83

4 .0 5

3 .0 5 -

4 .7 7

“

*

*

to

$ 6 .4 0 .

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

8

16

87

6

26
-

54
“

“

26

54

52

36

26

55

12
24

35
35

no

17

60

26

18

35

*

50

“

37

-

-

3

1

29

-

1

5

1

8

5

5

1

1

29

*

1

2

1

8

5

5

9
9

6

-

12
10

_

-

-

-

_

_

88

-

77

*

at $ 6 .2 0

_

-

2

8

3.53

241

_

_

8

3 . 35

and

.

_

3.38

$ 5 .8 0 ;

24

-

“

-

*6b

to

25
1
24

-

24

249

2 at $ 5 .6 0

18
6
12
6

6

-

_

24

-

3 .2 2 -

_

3.5 5
6.32

2 .8 5 -

19

*

6

3.42

3.29
3.29

fo llo w s :

_

3 .3 4 2 .8 4 -

4.38
6 .3 3

3.29

128
122

W A R E HO US EM EN -------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------- *




62

43
37

*

•

35
36

1 ,49 4

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

as

28

4

3.45
3.45

R E CE IV IN G CL ERKS --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

d is t r ib u t e d

*

-

5.11

2 .6 0

w ere

-

5

2 .2 7 2 .2 8 -

2.92

W ork ers

5

11

2 .4 5 -

78

*

11

17

2 . 80
2.84

112

TRUCKDRI VERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPF) -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

20

3.00
3.02

2.73
3 . 12
2.70

TRUCKDRIVERS, HFAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

138
138

3.4 8

2.79

TRUCKORIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUOING A TUNS I ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

247
240

15
9

190

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS! ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

415
415

3.00
3.60

PACKERS, SH IPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

TRUCKDRI VERS
------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

-

1

-

155
-

-

155
155

*

-

-

4

*

*

~
18

1

-

18

1

*

~




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex,
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
(mean* )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
( me an2 )
hourly
earnings2

Sex, occupation, and industry division

earnings

MA IN TE NA NC E AND POWERPLANT
OCCU PA TI ON S - HEN

CU STODIAL AND MA TERIAL MOVEMENT
3 : :U PA TI 0N S- ME N— CONT IN UE D
$

CA RPENTERS, MA INTENANCE ------------

9.98

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

5.15
5.15

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

5.18
5.50

RE CEIVING CLERKS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
TRUCKORI VERS
--------MA NU FACTURING ----N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

105
28
77

$

3.56
3.66
3.53

1,999
296
1,198
375

3.69
3.25
3.79
5.25

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------9.89
9.80

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT IUNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------

202
191

2.79
2.79

TRUCKDR1VERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 9 TONS) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ------------

985
103
382
190

3.52
3.17
3.61
5.92

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 9 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------—
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --- ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

597
59
993
233

9.27
3.93
9.36
5. 15

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 9 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPF) -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

250
128
122

3.29
3.29
3.29

965
299
216

3.35
3.38
3.32

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

299
73
226

9.85
9.39
5.02
5.53

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

280
276

9.95
9.97

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------

9.89

PIPEFITTERS,

5.98

MAINTENANCE -----------

CUSTUOIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
CC CU PAT1CNS-MEN
GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

870
851

1.95
1.93

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

1,006
195
861

2.16
3.01

LABORERS, MATERIAL HA NDLING --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

813
302
511

ORDER
FILLERS ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

701
679

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------

90
39

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------WAREHO US EM EN -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

CU STODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OC C U P A T I C N S — WCMEN
3.26 JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
2.90
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------3.98
OROER
FILLERS ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
3.17
3.20
PACKERS, SHIPPING —
MANUFA CT UR IN G --2.89
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
3.10

3.81
3.89

2 .0 2

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

768
753

1.8 6

225
221

2.96
2.96

100

2.70
2.82
2.38

73
27

1.85




Table A-7. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups in Jacksonville, Fla.,
December 1972 and December 1973, and percents of increase for selected periods
A ll in d u s t r ie s
W e e k ly e a r n in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

M a n u fa c tu r in g

H o u r ly e a r n in g s
U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

S k il le d
m a in te n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

W e e k ly e a r n in g s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w om en)

I n d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

H o u r ly e a r n in g s
S k il le d
m a in te n a n c e
tra d e s
*
*
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

In d e x e s (J a n u a ry 1967= 100)
*
*

1 3 8 .3
1 4 9 .2

D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2 _______________________________________
D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 3 -------------------------------------------------------------

*
*

1 3 8 .6
1 4 3 .5

1 4 7 .4
1 6 2 .7

*

1 4 5 .9
1 5 7 .7

1 5 7 .2
1 7 3 .4

P e r c e n t o f in c r e a s e
*

5 .2

*

4 .1

3 .3

2 .6
2 .8

*
*

2 .9
3 .2

5 .1
4 .4

*
*

3 .1
2 .7

4 .8
4 .1

*

J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 -------------------------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 t o J a n u a r y 1 9 6 5 -------------------------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 5 t o J a n u a r y 1 9 6 6 ------------------------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 6 t o J a n u a r y 196 7 -------------------------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 7 t o J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 t o J a n u a r y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------J a n u a ry 1969 to D e c e m b e r 1969:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ----------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e --------------------------------------

2 .6
2 .7
3 .3
5 .1
5 .1
6 .0

*

2 .9
1 .4
2 .4
* * 5 .7
9 .2
5 .0

*

*

2 .3
5 .2
2 .8
6 .0
5 .7
6 .2

5 .7
6 .2

*
*

6 .2
6 .8

5 .0
5 .5

D ecem
D ecem
D ecem
D ecem

6 .8
4 .6
5 .2
7 .9

*

7 .2
5 .5
9 .3
1 0 .4

* * .5
6 .5
7 .5
3 .5

*

*

5 .2
5 .7

D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 t o D e c e m b e r I 9 6 0 ----------------------D e c e m b e r I960 to N ov e m b e r 1961:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ----------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e . ------------------------------------N o v e m b e r 1961 t o J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 :
1 4 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ----------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e -------------------------------- ------

ber
ber
ber
ber

*
**

1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to

D ecem
D ecem
D ecem
D ecem

ber
ber
ber
ber

1 9 7 0 ----------------------1 9 7 1 ---------------------197 2 ---------------------1 9 7 3 ----------------------

*
*

*
*

,

*

NOTE:
b e g i n n in g

J u ly

T h is

m easu re

1974.

It w i l l

of
be

w age

ch an ges

r e p la c e d

A -8 .

10

w ill

be

*

*
*

*

4 .3
3 .7

3 .1

2 .6
2 .9

*
*
*

6 .7

* * .7

*

*
*

6 .0
6 .6

8 .5
9 .3

*

*

4 .3

8 .9

1 0 .1
8 .1

1 0 .3

*
*

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e c h a n g e s r e f l e c t s h i f t s i n e m p l o y m e n t b e t w e e n h i g h - a n d l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a d d i t i o n t o w a g e c h a n g e s .

in ta b le

7 .2
5 .5
6 .0

d is c o n t in u e d

b y th e m e a s u r e

p resen ted




Table A-8. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in
Jacksonville, Fla., December 1972 to December 1973
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

O c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

7 .9
#
8 .7
1 1 .7

U n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s ( m e n )

*

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n

M a n u fa c t u r in g

7 .9
*
8 .2
1 1 .7

c r ite r ia .

NOTE:
T a b l e A - 8 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s t e d t o e x c l u d e t h e e f f e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e n ew m e th o d fo r
c o m p u t i n g w a g e t r e n d s i s b a s e d o n c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
r e p o r t i n g t h e i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ,
h o l d i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e j o b s c o n s t a n t .
T h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s a r e n o t l i n k e d t o th e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s b e c a u s e t h e n e w w a g e t r e n d s
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s t h e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s m e a s u r e
c h a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s .
O th e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f th e n e w w a g e t r e n d s w h ic h d i f f e r fr o m
th e c u r r e n t o n e s in c lu d e ( l ) e a r n in g s d a ta o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
a r e c o n v e r t e d to an h o u r ly b a s i s , an d (2 ) t r e n d e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d f o r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e n ew m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
i n d e x e s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n t h ly L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 ,
p p. 5 2 -5 7 .

11

N onm anufa c tu r in g

*
1 1 .8

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u f a c t u r i ng

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

B a se d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d ____ _________________________ __ ___

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g a s p e c i f ie d m in im u m _ ___

___

_

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

6 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 6 7 .5 0 ------------------------ -------- — _ ___
6 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 70.0 0__ ________________________________
7 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 7 2 .5 0 _____________________________ ____
7 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 7 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
7 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 7 7 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------------7 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 8 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
8 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 8 2 .5 0 --- -------------- -------------------------------8 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 8 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------8 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 8 7 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------------8 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 9 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
9 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 9 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
9 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 9 5 .0 0 — _________________________________
9 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 9 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
9 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 100 .00 ----------------------------------------------------1 00 .00 and u n d er $ 1 0 2 .5 0 ______________ ___________________
102 .50 and u n d er $ 1 0 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------------- -—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

105.00
110.00
115 .00
120 .00
125 .00
130 .00
135 .00
1 40.00
145 .00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
under
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

1 1 0 .0 0 ___________________________
__
1 1 5 .0 0 _ _______ ________
_________
1 2 0 .0 0 _____________________ ___ _______
1 2 5 .0 0 ______ __________ . . _________
130 .00 _______________________________
1 3 5 .0 0 _________________________________
140.00
__________________ _________
1 4 5 .0 0 —_______ ___________________ —
1 5 0 .0 0 _________________________________

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u f a c t u r in g

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f ---A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

136

42

XXX

94

XXX

136

42

XXX

94

XXX

32

6

6

11

11

30

19

26

16

41

.
1
1
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
2
2

2
1
4
7
2
1
1
2
1
2

2
5
1
1
2
2

-

*

-

-

-

1
2
2
3
4
1
6
2
1
3
4
1
5
1

1
1
1
2
3
1

1
1
1
2
_
3
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

i

1

-

-

-

-

1

i

1

-

-

-

-

.

.
-

-

-

-

-

1

i

1
1

1
-

_
2
1
4
8
2
2
1
4
i
4

1
-

1
-

_

1
2
2
3
4
1
5
1
3
2
1
2

.
_
2

-

-

2
2
1
1
3
1
2
2

_

1

1

-

.

1

1

1

.
-

_
-

-

1

1

-

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f ie d m in im u m _______________

32

11

XXX

21

XXX

50

18

XXX

32

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ________________________________________________

72

25

XXX

47

XXX

45

13

XXX

32

XXX

See footnotes at end of tables.




12

1




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
( A ll p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g ■ 100 p e r c ent)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r la t e s h ifts

L a t e -s h ift p a y p r o v is io n

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g o n la te s h ifts

S e c o n d s h ift

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 5 .4

T o ta l

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

6 8 .9

1 7 .6

1 0 .4

9 .8

9 .8

2 .8

0 .7

7 5 .6

5 9 .1

1 4 .8

9 .6

7 3 .0

5 8 .3

1 4 .5

9 .6

3 .8
2 .5
1 .8
1 3 .9

.8
_

.5
.6

_

-

-

-

4 .0

-

-

-

.4
2 .6
1 .1
1 .6
1 .3
.3
.8
.6
.2
.4

-

(* )

T y p e and a m ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h o u r )
5 ce n ts

_

7 ce n ts
8 cen ts
9 ce n ts
10 c e n t s
11 c e n t s

_

____ __
____

.7
1 .9
1 1 .3
3 .3
1 2 .3
8 .3
5 .0
2 .9
3 .4
2 .7
1 .9
3 .9

-

_ _ ___
______
__

3 3 .1
4 .9
3 .4
4 .9
3 .9

15 c e n t s ______
16 ce n ts

_
.8

20 cen ts

_

32 c e n t s

___

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________________
8 p ercen t

__

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _________

-

5 .3
.8
1 .2
.9
1 .2
-

-

.2

1 .8

-

.1

-

1 .8

-

.1

-

.8

.2

.8

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .

13

Table B-3. Scheduled w eekly hours and days of first-shift workers in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s an d d a y s
A ll in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

100

2 0 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ---------------------------------3 5 h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------- ----------------------3 6 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ---------------------------------------- ---------------3 6 V4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ___________________________________
36 V4 h o u r s — 4 V2 d a y s --------------------------------------------------3 7 h o u r s — 5 d a y s — ___ _______
_ _ , _
3 7 V2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ________________ —______- __________
38 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ----------------------------- -----------------------------3 8 V4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ________________
— — - —
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________________________________
4 d a y s ____________ ________________________ _____________
4 V2 d a y s ____________ _______________ ________ _________
5 d a y s ------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------6 d a y s _______________________ __________________________
4 2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------- —
4 2 V2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s -------------------------------------- ---------------4 4 h o u r s __________________________
___________________
5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------5 V2 d a y s ______________________________________________
4 5 h o u r s _______________________________ ___________________
5 d a y s —-------------------------------------------------------------------------5 V2 d a y s--------------------— _______________________________
6 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------4 7 V2 h o u r s — 5 V2 d a y s --------------------------------------------------4 8 h o u r s --------------------------- -----------------------------------------------5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s -------------------- __ -------------------------------O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ___________________—___________________
5 d a y s __________________________________________________
7 d a y s __________________________________________________

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

-

5

4
2
4
2

n
3
-

2
3

4

-

-

-

73
1

80

92

(’ )
3
52
-

-

2
-

-

78

92

(9 )
2
3
3
1
4

5
3
3
~
5

-

2

5

1

-

-

3
3

3

-

3

-

-

1
5
2

1
1

14

-

4
93
-

-

-

(9 )
-

-

1
"

-

-

-

-

63
63
“
*
-

97

(9 )

6

37

-

(’ )
(9 )

1
2

-

(9 )
51

(’ )
-

2

32

72

See footnote at end of tables.




1
-

-

-

(’ )
-

-

-

-

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

97

97

99

100

100

8

3

3

■

“

2
3
24
2
20

-

A ll in d u s tr ie s

A H w o r k e r s ________ _______________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o lid a y s

( 9)

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

N u m b e r o f d a y s 10
1 h o l i d a y _________________________________________________
2 h o l i d a y s _______________________ ____ ____________________
4 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ___________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ________________________________ ________________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s __________________________
7 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ___________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ________ ______ ___________
10 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
11 h o l i d a y s
12 h o l i d a y s _____________ _________________________________
1 3 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________

( 9)
9
1
4
23
1
1
( 9)
1

-

-

-

(9)
13

5
~
6

(9)
27
1
10
1
12
20
1

11
29
13
3
5
28
~
4
3
"
2

11
75
1
"

0

(9)
12
1

-

6
1
29
23
8
8
15
4
3
~
2

3
1
16
78
1
-

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 11
13 d a y s ____ ______________________________________________
12 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________ _
10 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
7llz d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________ ____________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
5V2 d a y s o r m o r e
_________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ___________ ______________________________
2 days or m ore
1 day o r m o re

1
1
2
3
27
30
32
41
61
63
86
86
90
92

-

2
2
5
9
37
42
45
58
86
86
97
97
97
97

1
75
87
87
93
97
97
97
97
97
97

See footnotes at end of tables.




15

1
13
13
15
35
47
48
60
87
87
98

99
99
99

2
2
5
9
24
33
41
64
93
94
100
100
10 0
100

1
80
96
96
96

97
97
100
100
100
100

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

H o l i d a y 10
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

100

100

99

100
1
10
18
80
100

100

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________

100

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a v
_______
M a r t i n L u t h e r K i n g 's B i r t h d a y
„
__________
W a s h i n g t o n 's B i r t h d a y
G o o d F r i d a y ______________________________________________
M e m o r ia l D ay
F o u r t h o f J u ly
..................... ...
F ifth o f J u ly _
L a b o r D a y ________________________________________________
V e te r a n s D ay
_ _
.... _
T h a n k s g i v i n g D a y ______________________________________
________ ______
D a y a f t e r T h a n k s g iv in g
C h r is tm a s E v e
C h r i s t m a s E v e , h a l f d a y _ ____
_
_ _
___
_____
_
C h r is tm a s D ay
_
E x t r a d a y d u r in g C h r is t m a s w e e k
N e w Y e a r 's E v e
_ _
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y . 1 d a y 13
............................
F l o a t i n g h o l i d a y , 2 d a y s 13
......
E m p l o y e e 's b ir t h d a y

86
3
15
14
45
86
2
86
12
90
6
19
3
92

97
2
9
16
69
97
6
97
5
97
13
42
3
97
13
18
7

4

6

7
-

-

-

-

-

99
23
99
28
17
3
99
1
2
8
18

100
4
100
17
41
9
100
10
11
11

6

23

-

97
-

2

30

37

See footnotes at end of tables.




(9 )

23
38
81
99

97
62
97
9
13

*

21

97
78
53
97
97

16

-

P u b lic u tilitie s

-

81
83
98
100
-

99
78
100
12
1
_

100
-

3
-

15

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o rk e rs

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
*

V a c a t io n p o lic y
M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
93
2
3

100
94
6
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

2

-

-

1

-

-

2
16
2

2
7
-

4
49
-

2
61
7

43
-

1
42
-

A ll in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

M e th o d o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________ _________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ...................... ..............................
O th e r
_________ ___________________ __________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _____ __________ __________ _______________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s
______ __________________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
__________ ________________________ ______
1 w e e k ____ _______________ _________________________ _____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________ __________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________

1
74
(’ )
22
(* )

-

-

-

_

-

90
-

49
2
49
-

20

38
-

46
1
53
-

9
-

( 9)
79
(’ )

61
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________ ____ ________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ......................................... .......
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ................................................
3 w e e k s ............... .......... ............................ .....................................

37

73
-

2
-

3
-

16
-

1
-

27
-

96
2

96

84
-

99
1

-

-

-

-

13
83
1
1

20
78
-

98
2

( 9)
98
1

1
96
-

99
1

2

*

( 9)

2

-

13
83
1
1

18
78
2
2

.

98
2
-

( 9)
96
1
2

1
97
1
2

99
1
-

8
81
2
6
1

8
76
5
9
2

-

(9)
74
12
13

-

(’ )

1
94
1
2
2

8
21
64
i
4
1

8
15
66

-

(’ )
18
78
1
2

1
19
79

(9)

2

(9)
60
( 9)
( 9)

(9)
(’ )

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________ _______________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________ ____ _______________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________ ______________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______ ____________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________ _______ _______________
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
O
3
4

w e e k ____________________________________________________
w e e k s ___________ _______________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ............................... ........... .
w e e k s .................. ................................................................... .
w e e k s ____________ _____________________________________ _
A fte r

1
2
3
O
4
6

_

_
99
1
-

10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

w eek
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
w e e k s ______________ _______________ __________ _________
w e e k s ______ ___________________________ ____ ___________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s . . . .......................... ................
w e e k s ___________________________________________________
w e e k s ...... ........................... ........................................................

See

-

98
2

_

fo o tn o te s

(’ )
98
2

-

-

9
2

a t en d o f t a b le s .




17

-

_
3
97
1

-

-

Table B-5.

Paid vacation provisions in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973— Continued
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

8
21
64
1
4
1

8
15
66
-

8
19
54
1
15

8
12
43
3
32
-

27
2

2

-

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

-

(’ )
17
79
1
2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 14— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
2
3
O
4
6

w e e k _____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s ________________________________ ___________________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s _____ ______________________________________________
A fte r

1
2
3
O
4
O
6

( 9)
98
2
-

9
2

(’ )

.

i
19
75
3
2

3
97
1
-

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

w e e k _____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s _____________________________________I ______________
v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________

( 9)
1

( 9)
71

( 9)
6
68
12
12
( 9)
(9)

-

1
14
57
-

3
80
-

26
-

16
1

2

-

1
13
37
38
9
-

3
1
93
2
1

2

-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
3
4
5
O
6

w e e k _____________________________________________________
w e e k s ___ ________________________________________________
___________ ________________________
w e e k s _____________
w e e k s ________________________________________________—
w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ___ ________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________

8
19
29
34
6
(’ )
1

-

8
12
26
42
10
2

( 9)
7
76
15
2
-

( 9)
6
43
48
2
(9)
( 9)

_

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________ __________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________ _________________________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _________________ __________
6 w e e k s ____________________________________________________

8
19
29
20
-

19
( 9)
3

-

8
12
25
30
23
2

( 9)
7
15
63
2
13

( 9)
6
43
25
12
13
( 9)
( 9)

1
13
36
33
15
2

-V
3
1
16
78
1
1

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
2
3
4
5
O
6

w e e k _____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________

8
19
29
20
18

-

8
12
25
30
21
"
4

( 9)
7
13
64
2
13

3

8
12
25
30
21
"
4

( 9)
7
13
64
2
13

'

'

(’ )
3

(’ )
6
43
21
29
( 9)
(’ )

1
13
36
33
15
2

_
3
1
15
79
1
1

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w e e k _____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____ ______________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ___________________________
6 w e e k s ____________________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ____________________________________________

See

fo o tn o te s




8
19
29
20
18
( 9)

-

( 9)
6
43
21
17
(’ )

( 9)
12

1
13
36

33
15
2
'

a t en d o f t a b le s .

18

-

3
1
15
79
1
1

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions in Jacksonville, Fla., December 1973
P e r c e n t o f o ffic e w o r k e r s

P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
f i n a n c i n g 15

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w ____________
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ______________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e __________________________ __________ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 16____________________________

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

100

100

100

100

100

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

P u b li c u t ilit ie s

10 0

98

100

100

100

100

10 0

94
55

95
46

100
97

95
59

95
36

100
96

70
41

78
36

77
74

65
39

91
40

58
54

62

66

62

80

82

57

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e --------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___________________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it i n g p e r i o d ) ______________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) — __

39
19

58
31

32
31

38
21

35
15

15
14

17

11

16

55

63

48

17

12

39

16

12

38

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e ______________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _ _____________________
_
H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e —
-------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s — ------------ ---------------—----------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------- —
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___ ___ ______________
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e — __________ __________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s — ------------ ------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ______________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------------------

14
6
96
50
95
50
92
49
87
42
4
2
57
48

10
2
100
50
100
50
98
48
86
37
3
3
77
65

19
17
97
94
97
94
97
94
97
94
10
10
62
62

37
25
99
52
99
52
95
49
99
50
4
2
72
60

45
5
100
47
100
47
99
46
98
45
6
3
81
49

5
2
99
96
99
96
99
96
98
94
13
13
56
56

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le s .




19

Footnotes

A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers anddividing by the number of workers.
The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
10 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
1 These days are provided as part of a Christmas—
2
New Year holiday period which typically begins with Christmas Eve and ends with
New Y ea r's Day. Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "Floating" holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
18 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




20

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e a n d r e la t e d b e n e fit s d a ta a r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie l d
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a t 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f t h e i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t
an d o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o ll e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it an d m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e
f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f t h e 9 4 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
2
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s an d th e
c o n s tr u ctio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d .
S ep a ra te
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f t h e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e
d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n t h e s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y
in d u s t r y a n d n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m t h i s s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d ,
w it h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n .
T o o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y
a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
W hen
d a ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b ili t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o
th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le ,\ if o n e ou t o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it i s g i v e n a w e ig h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a l t e r n a t e o f th e s a m e
o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in t h e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e
f o r th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t is
a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p l e m e m b e r th a t i s s i m i l a r t o t h e m i s s i n g u n it .
O c c u p a t io n s

and

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n o t b e a s s u m e d
t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w it h i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u t i e s w it h i n t h e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d e sc r ip tio n s.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n th e
s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s
d iffe r , e s tim a te s
o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T hese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y o f t h e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
W age

tren d s

fo r

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

I n d e x e s in t a b l e A - 7 m e a s u r e w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s
d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 1 0 0 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m
th e b a s e p e r i o d t o t h e d a t e o f t h e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e in t a b l e s A - 7
a n d A - 8 r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
A n n u al r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h e re
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s
o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s .
T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s a r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t
a con sta n t ra te b etw een s u r v e y s .

E a r n in g s

O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a n d n o n ­
m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s , an d a r e o f th e fo ll o w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l an d
t e c h n ic a l ; (3 ) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4 ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l
c la s s if ic a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r ­
e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , t h e e a r n i n g s d a ta f o l l o w i n g t h e j o b
t it l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( 1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o
m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r ( 2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
E a r n i n g s d a t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d
d a ta , w h e re sh ow n .
L ik e w is e ,
d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n ot s h o w n o r in fo r m a t i o n
t o s u b c la s s ify is n ot a v a ila b le .

P e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e p o r t e d in t a b le s A - 7 a n d A - 8 r e f l e c t tw o d if f e r e n t m e a s u r e s o f
w age m ov em en t.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s a n d a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e a n d
u n s k i l l e d p la n t w o r k e r s in th e a r e a .
T a b le A - 8 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s f o r th e s a m e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d t o e x c l u d e t h e e f f e c t o f e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s in t a b l e A - 8 i s b a s e d o n c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g i n d e x j o b s in b o t h t h e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ; e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e j o b s w a s h e ld c o n s t a n t .
D a ta f o r th e m a t c h e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e w e ig h t e d to r e p r e s e n t a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e j o b in th e p r e v io u s y e a r .
M eth od
O ffic e

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in a n a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y c h a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s an d b e r e p la c e d by n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch
s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g t h e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in
t a b l e s A - 7 a n d A - 8 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h i n t h e g r o u p s .

1 Personal visits were on a 2 -y car c y c le before July 1972.
2 Included in the 94 areas arc 8 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . —
Pa .; Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a .; Lexington, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—C ocoa,
Fla.; and Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas
at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




c o m p u t in g

w age

(m e n and

tre n d s.

Occupations used to compute wa ge

w o m e n ):

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s e s A an d B
C le r k s , file , c la s s e s A , B, and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e r s ( o ffic e b o y s and g ir ls )
S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e
h ir e d t o w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d
f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , an d la t e s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t o f - l i v i n g a ll o w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r
o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s .
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s ta b lis h m e n t s
d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b s t a f f i n g , a n d t h u s c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

of

c le r ic a l

In dex es

fo r

in d iv id u a l a r e a s

in th e p r o g r a m

trends are:

In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ):
N u rses,

in d u s t r ia l (r e g is t e r e d )

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) :
C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) :
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
are

co m p u te d

a s fo llo w s :

1.
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e
s e l e c t e d g r o u p o f o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e b a s e y e a r .
2.
T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e
(m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u lt i p l ie d b y it s w e ig h t .
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e to t a le d to o b t a in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3.
T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d iv i d i n g th e
a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y t h e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The r e s u lts — e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t — l e s s 1 0 0 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .
4.
T h e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s i n d e x i s o b t a i n e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x b y th e
r a t i o o f th e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e t o t h e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s g r o u p a v e r a g e .

21

L i m i t a t i o n s o f d a t a . I n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a s p r e s e n t e d in
t a b le A - 7 , a r e in flu e n c e d b y (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y an d w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r it o r o t h e r p a y i n c r e a s e s
r e c e i v e d in t h e s a m e j o b , ( 3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e t o l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
or
r e d u c tio n s ,
and
(4 ) c h a n g e s
r e s u lt in g
w hen
e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n te r
a n d le a v e
th e a r e a .
O c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s c a n i n c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e w it h o u t a n y a c t u a l c h a n g e in w a g e s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s g iv e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y d e c lin e b e c a u s e l o w e r p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r t h e a r e a o r e x p a n d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s m a y r e m a in
r e la t i v e ly c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s r is e b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r
exp a n d th e ir w o r k fo r c e .
A s m e n t i o n e d , d a t a in t a b l e A - 8 a r e a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e s o m e o f t h e
l i m i t a t i o n s t o t h e i n f o r m a t i o n in t a b l e A - 7 , p a r t i c u l a r l y c h a n g e s r e s u l t i n g f r o m f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s
o r r e d u c t i o n s a n d f r o m t h e a d d i t i o n o r d e l e t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s u r v e y s a m p l e .
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t i o n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a ll
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a
w o r k e r s and
ro u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d
f r o m m a n u f a c t u r i n g , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u s t r ie s . " O f f ic e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s an d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly to th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S ee t a b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f t h e o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d a n d t h e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e t h e
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , t h e t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta a r e l i m i t e d t o p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
(S e e
t a b le B - 2 . )
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f ( 1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y 3 f o r t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , a n d (2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e
t im e o f th e s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t a p p l y i n g t o a
m a j o r it y is u s e d ; i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie s t o a m a j o r it y , th e c la s s if ic a t i o n " o t h e r " is u s e d .
In
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n c e i s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p l ie s t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) s h ift e n d s w o r k at o r n e a r
m id n ig h t .
A t h i r d ( n ig h t ) s h i f t s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n i g h t .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s o f a m a j o r i t y o f t h e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
(S e e
t a b le B - 3 . )
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s an d d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s
a r e e x p e c te d to w o rk fo r s t r a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d
s t a t i s t i c a l l y a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e
o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s li s t e d .
(S ee ta b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 . )
Sum s of
i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 5 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s i s a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r t h a n
a m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s .
(S e e t a b le B - 5 )
P r o v i s i o n s a p p l y t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n ts on o th e r th a n a t im e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u a l e a r n in g s a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u iv a le n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d .
E s t im a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n -s a v in g s p la n s , an d " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l"
b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic p la n s .
S u c h p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m ,
and can
in d u s t r ie s .

H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f
th e c o s t in c lu d e
t h o s e (1 ) u n d e r w r it t e n
b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y
o r n o n p r o fit
o r g a n i z a t i o n , ( 2 ) p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n f u n d , o r ( 3 ) p a id d i r e c t l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r o u t o f
c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g
fu n d s o r
fr o m
a fu n d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
(S e e t a b le B - 6 . )
An
e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e s u c h a p la n i f t h e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n
t h o u g h l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y p a r t i c i p a t e u n d e r t h e p la n b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o
c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m it e d t o th a t t y p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e ­
d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y t o t h e i n s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h
p la n s t o w h ic h t h e
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s
r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 4 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r ( 1 ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e
th a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r ( 2 ) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f t h e la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l
p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a ra te
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o ( 1 ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d ,
a n d (2 ) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an
u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f it s .
L o n g t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s t o t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s u p o n
th e e x p ir a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k le a v e a n d /o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a
p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e e n d o f th e
d is a b ility , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r tia l p a y m e n ts a r e
a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , a n d p r i v a t e p e n s i o n s b e n e f i t s
p a y a b le t o th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s a r e l i m i t e d t o h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a ll y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h i c h ( 1 )
a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r ( 2 ) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
(S e e ta b le B - 4 .)
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r il y g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a ll on a n o n w o r k d a y an d th e w o r k e r is n ot
g ra n te d a n o th e r day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f t h e p a id h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e
an d h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf h o li d a y s t o sh o w
to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
T a b le B -4 a
r e p o r t s th e in c i d e n c e o f th e m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o li d a y s .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y e x p e n s e s
b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p i t a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, an d s u r g ic a l p la n s .
T y p ic a l fe a tu r e s o f
m a j o r m e d i c a l p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s
b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e fe a t u r e r e q u ir in g th e in s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t io n ( e .g . 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; a n d (3 ) s ta te d d o lla r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e .g ., $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le te o r p a r tia l p a y m en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s
fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p la n s w h i c h c o v e r o n l y o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t
dam age.
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f t h e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the follow ing conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number o f days sick leave available
to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Jacksonville, Fla.,1
by major industry division,2 December 1973
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y
S t u d ie d

W i t h in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

T o ta l4

S t u d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_
__________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_______
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5
W h o le sa le tra d e
R e t a il tr a d e
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e __
S e r v ic e s 8
______

_

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

457

136

8 7 ,4 3 3

100

5 1 ,0 1 9

2 1 ,0 8 2

5 0 ,1 4 8

50
-

109
348

42
94

2 1 ,3 8 8
6 6 ,0 4 5

24
76

16, 816
3 4 ,2 0 3

1 ,6 1 5
1 9 ,4 6 7

1 3 ,1 2 9
3 7 ,0 1 9

50
50
50
50
50

44
76
105
57
66

17
16
23
19
19

1 3 , 557
7 , 550
2 2 ,7 1 7
1 4 ,3 5 6
7, 865

16
9
26
16
9

7 , 691

2 , 645

1 0 ,7 8 9
2 ,4 9 8
1 1 ,3 0 0
9 ,3 6 1
3 ,0 7 1

P)

P)
(6 )
(6 )

(6)

P)

(* )
(6 )

1 T h e J a c k s o n v ille S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 2 , c o n s is t s o f D u va l C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , an d (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d to c la s s i f y e s ta b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
J a c k s o n v i l l e 's e l e c t r i c u t ilit y is m u n ic ip a lly
o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f s t u d y .
6 T h i s d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S ep a ra te p re se n ta tio n o f
d a ta is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo ll o w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t ia ll y to p e r m it
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s f o r
" a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 .
f
8 H o t e ls and m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, an d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

I n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g
A l m o s t o n e - f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y
a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s
g r o u p s an d s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 2 5
13
12
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 10
8
S ton e, c la y , and g la s s
7
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
6
6
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 5

in t h e J a c k s o n v i l l e
th e m a jo r in d u s t r y
L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s
S h ip a n d b o a t b u i l d i n g
and r e p a ir in g _

T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h a c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f t h e w o r k e r s in t h e
r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c e m b e r 1973:
13
6

P la n t w o r k e r s

6
C ig a r s
_ _
D a ir y p r o d u c t s
M is c e lla n e o u s fo o d s and
k in d r e d p r o d u c t s
_

A l l i n d u s t r i e s ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ___________________

____ 6
5
5
5

37
58
78

10
82

A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f s u ch w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e fo r e ,
a l l o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s t h a t e i t h e r d o n o t h a v e
l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s t h a t a p p l y t o f e w e r th a n h a l f o f t h e i r
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e e x t e n t t o w h ic h
a l l w o r k e r s in t h e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s ,
b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d an d th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is lim it e d .

T h is in fo r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t h e a p p e n d i x t a b l e .




O ffic e w o r k e r s

F a b r ic a te d s tr u c tu ra l

23

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m
a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; an d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , an d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

B IL L E R ,

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l t o b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s ifie d by ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :
B il le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) .
U ses a s p e c ia l
a n d a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b il ls an d in v o ic e s f r o m
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f
m a y n ot b e c o m p u te d o n th e b illin g m a c h in e , an d t o t a ls
b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m
p r e p a r e d and is o ft e n d o n e o n a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

P o s itio n s

b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ( c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g
c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a se o r d e r s , in t e r ­
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e ­
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r
w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d
b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g

CLERK,

(w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
i n p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
A C C O U N T IN G

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u ch a s p o s tin g to r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , an d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .

p r in c ip le s

o f b o o k k e e p in g




a k n o w le d g e o f
p r o c e s s in g and
ty p ic a lly b e c o m
a s sig n e d w o rk ,

and a c c o u n tin g .

on

th e

b a s is

o f th e

fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

F IL E

C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and fil e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

by hand.

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s
w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , t h e w o r k e r
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e

le v e ls

C la s s A .
C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s file m a te r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n
w ith t h e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s

CLERK,

in t o

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n f i l e s . P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s o n t h e
b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s ta n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f ite m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c le a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w it h o r w it h o u t
a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ­
t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s
a n d u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e an d ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n tin g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s an d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s t h r o u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s is te d by on e o r m o r e
c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o ffic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t io n s an d a c c o u n t in g in f o r m a t i o n .
e s f a m i l i a r w it h t h e b o o k k e e p i n g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
bu t is n o t r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e fo r m a l

C LERK , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t an o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e it e m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w it h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o ( c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p i n g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o ll
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t im e , r a te , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

24

KEYPUNCH O PE RATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed

O p era tes a keypu n ch
t a b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .

P o s itio n s

are

m a c h in e

c la s s ifie d

in t o

to

record

le v e ls

or

on th e

v e r ify

b a s is

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r

o f th e fo llo w in g

n u m e r ic

d a ta

on

d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i g n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e
key pu n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e 'p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a ll c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

A

a ll,
C la s s B .
W o r k is r o u tin e an d r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r f o ll o w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e
lit t le o r n o s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s i n g in fo r m a t i o n .

M E S SE N G E R (O ffic e

B oy o r

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

of a

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

G ir l)

in

o f a m a jo r

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n
f e w e r t h a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e b o a r d

or

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

in

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r ib u t in g m a il , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s i t io n s th a t r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h i c le a s a s ig n if ic a n t d u ty .

a ll,

SECRETARY

3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a ­
t i o n s , e t c . ) or a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d i v i d u a l . M a in t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o r k s f a ir l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n a n d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :

a.
R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g
in q u i r e s , an d r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in t a i n s t h e

m a in t a in s ,

and

re v is e s

th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's

m a il,

an sw ers

r o u tin e

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

d.

R e la y s

m essages

fr o m

ca le n d a r

s u p e r v is o r

and m a k e s

to

file s ;

a p p o in tm e n ts

as

P e r fo r m s

s t e n o g r a p h ic

a n d ty p in g

C

in s tr u c te d ;

s u b o rd in a te s;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ;
f.

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

s u p e r v i s o r 's

e tc . (o r

o r p re sid e n t)

by

oth ers

fo r

th e

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in t o o r g a n i z a ­
t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l
i n c l u d e s a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

w ork.

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e an d d if f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e an d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s i t io n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s :

c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .

E x a m p le s

C la s s

e tc . (o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d
a b o u t 2 5 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; oir

of a

s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . ,

f e w e r th a n

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPH ER

a.

P o s itio n s

w h ic h

b.

S ten ogra p h ers

c.
S ten ogra p h ers
m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n s ;

do

not

m eet

n o t fu lly tr a in e d
s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

th e
in

"p e r s o n a l"

secreta ry

s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e

a s sista n ts

con cep t

d e sc r ib e d

above;

d u tie s ;

to a g ro u p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

or

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e r o u t i n e
s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e d e f i n i t i o n ;

or

P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , an d to t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e fr o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r ib e
f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( i f p r i m a r y d u ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in t h a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y
w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w it h o n l y o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e a n d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in t h e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .
S te n o g ra p h e r,

e.
A s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h i c h
s e c r e ta r ia l w ork .




r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
a r e not ty p ic a l o f
or

G en eral

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed
S ten og ra p h er,
or

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c t r ic A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S e n io r

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s in c l u d i n g d e v i s i n g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f t h e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d t h e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s i n w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o
s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n ­
s ib il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o ll o w in g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
an d o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , file s , w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h i s k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l in g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d
r o u tin g in c o m i n g m a il ; a n d a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s an d u n d e r s p e c i f ic in ­
s t r u c t io n s . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e bu t r o u tin e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n t o t h e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s
u s e d b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u ll t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t i o n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d
f o r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ,
c la s s B , o r a s a fu ll-tim e
a s s ig n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n c t io n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d ily u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s , an d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )

C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m it e d t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g i v in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c ific n am es a re
fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x
c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
a s s is t

T h e s e c la s s if ic a t i o n s d o n ot in c lu d e
c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .

S W IT C H B O A R D

s w it c h b o a r d

o p e ra to rs

in t e l e p h o n e

c o m p a n ie s

U s e s a t y p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s ,

In a d d i t i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t an d m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u t ie s .
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .
OPERATOR

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv in g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h
o r s o r t in g an d d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g l a y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t in g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u ch a s th e t a b u la to r , c a lc u l a t o r , c o ll a t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e
EAM

GENERAL

T Y P IS T

who

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o ll o w in g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
rough
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; o r s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e
t a b u la t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t u p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

e q u ip m e n t.

o r c le a r
s ta n d a rd

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER

COM PUTER

OPERATOR

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d i e s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i lia r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , an d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n an d d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; a n d m a in t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g

o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h i n a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , an d p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

program .
F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter

o p e ra to rs

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s t e d
a n d in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in i m iz e d o w n t im e ;
t h e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i la b l e . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly ru n on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te s t in g




O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f t h e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

PROGRAM M ER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b le m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta p r o c ­
e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s t h e p r e c i s e i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in t o t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u l a t i o n

26

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed
o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b ili t ie s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s an d d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o fo llo w ; t e s t s an d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f t h is is th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s an d
a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o
d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s an d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p li c a ­
t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , vif
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e
a s s is t.

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k i n g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , an d th e r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u t in e ;
p la in s t h e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s

w ho are

lo w e r

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
sy stem s

a n a ly s t s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a ig h t lin e s a n d a l a r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S

or

r e p e titiv e

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

it e m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u t p u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h




a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p li­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w ork as:
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c is e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i l d i n g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r ia l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s tr e ss e s , e tc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e f r o m
s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g th e m b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d
d ig it a l c o m p u t e r
program s.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d an d id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s an d
c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d t o a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r an d ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d
d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t
d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k a n d d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l
r u n s o f n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e
o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a ly s i s a n d p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld
b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

who a re

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s t h a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , an d p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r t s .
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a ft s m e n .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

w age

a n a ly s ts

DRAFTSM AN

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l ic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in t h e
a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

F or

sy stem s

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a ly s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and exp a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t .

OR

in s tr u c t

le v e l

OR

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , an d p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c tio n .
or

lo w e r

a s sig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R ep orts
an d li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t io n s .

M a y g u id e

to

W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u i d a n c e
on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts .
W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h
i n s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i g n m e n t w it h t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d bu t d iv e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in t s b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e l e m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r

d ir e c tio n

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o n p r o b le m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , an d o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u t p u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,
m a i n t a i n i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s a n d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p li c a t io n s o f th e
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r il y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c
a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F or

fu n c tio n a l

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t an d r e la t e d d e v i c e s b y p e r f o r m in g on e
o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in t a in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u l in g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g ,
m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , an d t e s t in g . W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e
o f e l e c t r o n i c s p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y t o d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , a n d s k i l l t o p u t e q u i p m e n t in r e q u i r e d
o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

27

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s o r m u lt i p l e r e p e t it io n
o f t h e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , b u t i s n o t l i m i t e d t o , t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s ­
m it t in g a n d r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l
a id s ) , (b ) d ig it a l a n d a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l an d m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g an d c o n t r o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n ,
a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s a n d w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C .
A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e t o p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r r o u t i n e t a s k s in
w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l
p rocedu res.
W ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y
p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s a s r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir i n g c i r c u i t s , an d ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g t o o l s a n d c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . ,
m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , t u b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e
f a m i l i a r w it h t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s . T h i s k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d
th r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a in in g ) s o th a t
w o r k e r c a n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a ir m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n
o f f ic e m a c h in e s a n d h o u s e h o ld r a d io a n d t e le v is io n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s an d t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u ty i s s e r v ic i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is ­
t r a tiv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a fts m e n ,
d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

o n th e

b a s is

o f th e

fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
A p p l ie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly c o m p l e x p r o b le m s
( i . e . , t h o s e t h a t t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t . E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e
lo c a t io n a n d d e n s it y o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and
f r e q u e n t e n g i n e e r in g c h a n g e s . W o r k i n v o lv e s : A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s a s m a k i n g c i r c u i t
a n a l y s e s , c a l c u l a t i n g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s i n s i g n a l f l o w ; a n d r e g u l a r l y u s in g
c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t i o n m e t e r s , p u ls e
g e n e ra to rs ).

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s
a r e in v o lv e d .

N U RSE,

IN D U S T R IA L

(R e g is te r e d )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e il l o r s u f f e r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
G i v i n g f i r s t a id
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , a n d s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c l u d e d .

W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
c o m p l i a n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s . M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C la s s B .
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r
s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w it h
t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; a n d j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e a n d in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s a n d t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th a n t h o s e u s e d b y t h e c l a s s A t e c h n i c i a n .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d ­
in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , an d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t in g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g
in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s an d m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p l y t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g an d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e
e n g in e e r

are

e x c lu d e d .




B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f ic
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p i n g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; an d p e r f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d
t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s , a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .

M A C H I N E -T O O L

OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in t h e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g i n e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n i n g
a n d p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n eed
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie j o b b i n g
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s

28

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g , an d e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a ll s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f ix t u r e s o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s
t h e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b'y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t t y o r f i l l e r in n a i l
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p l y i n g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e
m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t i n v o l v e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b li n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l i n g t h e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

m o b ile

T h is c la s s if ic a t i o n
r e p a ir s h o p s .

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

(M a in te n a n c e )

does

n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s

who

r e p a ir

cu stom ers'

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in a n
e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g ; L a y in g ou t o f w o r k an d m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u il d i n g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .

v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­
S H E E T -M E T A L

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o ll o w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a i n l y i n v o l v e t h e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d is m a n t le s a n d in s t a ll s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p la n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u i p m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c ts , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :
P la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
u p a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u t t i n g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
.
TOOL

AND

D IE

M AKER

C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g ;
P la n n i n g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f ic a t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls a n d a ll o y s ; s e ttin g up an d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o ls a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g t o c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g a n d a s s e m b l in g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

sh ops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t i o n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l

an d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M O VEM ENT
GUARD AND

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L

W ATCHM EN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te an d c h e c k
o n id e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k es rou n d s o f p r e m is e s
th e ft^ a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
J A N IT O R ,

PO R T E R , OR

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o t e c t i n g

p ro p e rty

a g a in st f ir e ,

A w
w h o s e d u tie s
m e r c h a n d is e
o r p la c in g m
m e r c h a n d is e
e x clu d e d .

H A N D L IN G

o r k e r e m p l o y e d i n a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : L o a d i n g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v i n g ,
a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e

CLEANER
ORDER

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , fu r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r im m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .




F IL L E R

F i l l s s h i p p i n g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t io n
to f il l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

29

T R U C K D R IV E R — C on tin u ed

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r
o f u n it s t o b e p a c k e d , t h e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s
t h e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e
a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; an d a p p ly in g la b e l s o r e n t e r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta o n c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .
S H IP P IN G

AND

R E C E IV IN G

fo llo w s :

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and ty p e
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )
T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t (u n d e r lV z t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (I V 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

CLERK
TRUCKER,

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s ib l e f o r in c o m i n g s h ip ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h i p p i n g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f t h e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p i n g
a f i l e o f s h ip p i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t .
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r if y in g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s
a g a in s t b il ls o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and file s .
F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

POW ER

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o li n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k i n d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d by ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l if t )

W AREH O U SEM AN

fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p i n g c l e r k
S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h i n a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x clu d e d .




o f e q u ip m e n t , a s

30

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d u t i e s w h ic h r e q u i r e a n u n d e r s t a n d in g
o f t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia l s
( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a i n s t r e c e i v i n g d o c u m e n t s , n o t in g a n d r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s a n d o b v i o u s
d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g m a t e r i a l s t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w it h p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g a n d t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f
s t o r e d m a t e r ia l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls an d r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g
m a te r ia l fr o m
s t o r a g e a n d p r e p a r i n g it f o r s h i p m e n t .
M a y o p e r a t e h a n d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in
p e r f o r m i n g w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .
E x c l u d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y 'd u t i e s i n v o l v e s h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e s h ip p i n g
a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k an d p a c k e r , s h ip p in g ), o r d e r f il lin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r
tru ck s (s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request
The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Abilene, Tex.
Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Atlantic City, N.J«
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Baton Rouge, La.
Billings, Mont.
Bremerton, Wash.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Brunswick, Ga.
Cape Cod, Mass.
•Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaignr-Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville, Term., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Columbus, Miss.
Corpus Christi, Tex.
Dothan, Ala.

Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Great Falls, Mont.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Logansport—
Peru, Ind.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.—
Del.
McAllen—
Pharr—
Edinburg and Brownsville—
Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Macon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, and Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and
Somerset Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
New Bern—
Jacksonville, N.C.
Norwich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Reno, Nev.
Salina, Kans.
Sacramento, Calif.
San Angelo, Tex.
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—

Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W i s .

Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick—
Hagerstown—
Chamber sburg—
Martinsburg, Md.—
Pa.— Va.
W.
Fresno, Calif.
Gadsden—
Anniston, Ala.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Forks, N. Dak.

Copies of public releases are or will be

L o m p o c , C a lif .

Selma, Ala.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass .—
Conn.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Waco, Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Amarillo, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Biloxi—
Gulfport—
Pascagoula, Miss.
Crane, Ind.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 1974.

Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla. (Brevard Co.)*
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Topeka, Kans.
Yuma, Ariz.
See inside back cover.

The fourteenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers,
engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1804, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and
Clerical Pay, March 1973, $1.05 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies
conducted at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any
of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Bulletin supplements may be obtained, without cost, only from BLS regional offices.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1972______________________________________ 1775-36,
Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y., Mar. 1973 1 ___ __________ 1775-62,
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1973__________ _________________ 1775-52,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1973________ — 1775-90,
Atlanta, Ga., May 1973____________________________ ____ _____ 1775-79,
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1973___ _______________ ___________________ Suppl.
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1973___ ,_______________ _______________ Suppl.
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1973 1 __________ 1775-82,
Binghamton, N.Y.—
Pa., July 1973 1 . . ___._____ ______ _________ 1795-1,
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1973 1______________________________ 1775-65,
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 197 3________________ ______________ __ Suppl.
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1973______________________________ _____ Suppl.
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 197 3_____________________________________ Suppl.
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1973________ - ____________ ________ _____ Suppl.
_
Canton, Ohio, May 1973______________________________________ 1775-73,
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1973______________________________ 1775-74,
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1973__________________.________________ 1775-39,
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1973_____________________ ____Suppl.
Chicago, 111., May 1973______________________________________ 1775-88,
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1973___ ___________ ________ 1775-53,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 197 3__________________________________ Suppl.
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 197 3___________________________________ Suppl.
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1973_____________________________________ Suppl.
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1973_______ „ 1775-57,
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1973_______________________ _____________ Suppl.
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1972___ ____ ____ _______________ ______ 1775-35,
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1973__________________ __________ ___ 1775-72,
Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1973 1__________________________________ 1775-89,
Durham, N.C., Apr. 1973____________________________________ 1775-61,
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1973_____________________________________ 1775-64,
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1973_____________ _________________ __ Suppl.
Green Bay, W is., July 1973____________________________ ______Suppl.
Greenville, S.C., May 1973 1 ___________ _ ____________
_
1775-86,
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1973______ _ _________ ________________
_
1775-71,
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1973___________________ _______________ 1775-48,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 197 3________________________ _______,_ Suppl.
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1973------------------------------------------------------- 1775-44,
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1973 1__________ ______________ _
1795-8,
________________________ 1795-4,
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1973 1
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass—
N.H., June 1973________________ 1775-93,
Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1973____________________ ___________ ___Suppl.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 197 3_____________ Suppl.
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Oct. 197 3____ _________________ _
Suppl.
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 197 3______________________ ____ ___ Suppl.
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1973____________ ____________________ _
1775-55,
Manchester, N.H., July 197 3________________________________ Suppl.
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.,
Aug. 1973 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1795-2,

b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s
D a ta o n e s ta


and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s are a ls o p re se n te d .

40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
F ree
F ree
40 cents
55 cents
55 cents
F ree
Free
F ree
F ree
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
Free
50 cents
50 cents
F ree

F ree
F ree
40 cents
F ree
40 cents
40 cents
80 cents
35 cents
40 cents
F ree
Free
40 cents
50 cents
40 cents
F ree
40 cents
65 cents
80 cents
50 cents
F ree
Free
F ree
F ree
40 cents
F ree
55 cents

Area
Memphis, Tenn.-Ark., Nov. 1972_________ ______ ___________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 197 3____________________ _________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1973_________ ______________
Milwaukee, W is., May 1973__________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1974--------------------------------Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1973------------------Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1973____________________
New Haven, Conn., Join. 1973________ _______________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1973------------------------ --- —
------------------New York, N.Y., Apr. 1973__________________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1973 1 _________ ________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 197 3___ ______________ __________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1973______________ —_____________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1973_________________
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., Nov. 1972________________________ ___
Phoenix, A riz., June 1973__________________________ _________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1973 1___________ _____________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1973 1_____________ _____________ ____
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1973------------------ ------------- --- ---Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y., June 1973_ _____
_
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass.,

Bulletin number
and price
1775-30,
Suppl.
1775-41,
1775-83,
Suppl.
1775-91,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1775-94,

40 cents
F ree
35 cents
40 cents
Free
50 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents

1775-51,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-92,
1775-45,
1775-96,
1775-67,
1795-6,
1775-87,
1775-85,

50 cents
F ree
Free
55 cents
55 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1775-84,
Raleigh, N.C., Dec. 197 3 1________________ ______ ____________ 1795-7,
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1973___ _______________________________ 1775-68,
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
1775-60,
Rockford, 111., June 1973____________________________________ 1775-80,
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1973 1 ___ ___________ ____________ 1775-69,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1973______________ _______________ Suppl.
San Antonio, Tex., May 1973_________________________ ______ 1775-78,
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 197 3_________________________________ Suppl.
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1973_____ _____________ 1775-81,
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1973_ ________________________ _____ 1775-66,
_
Savannah, Ga., May 1973____________________________________ 1775-77,
Scranton, Pa., July 1973 1_______________ _____ _____ __. ____ 1795-3,
_
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1973______ ___________________ 1775-56,
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1973______________— __________ ___ Suppl.
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1973____________________ ___ ________ 1775-54,
Spokane, Wash., June 1973___________ _______ ______________ 1775-95,
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1973______ ______________ Suppl.
Toledo, Ohio-Mich., Apr. 1973------------ ---- ---------------------------- 1775-63,
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 197 3____________ ________________________ Suppl.
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1973------------------------ --- ----- 1775-75,
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1973__________ ____________ _______ 1775-58,
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1973 1________ ______ ______ ._____ ___ 1795-5,
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1973____ _________ ___________ ________ 1775-70,
Worcester, Mass., May 1973____ ____________ __ ___________ 1775-76,
York, Pa., Feb. 1973________________________________________ 1775-59,
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1973____ __________________ Suppl.

35 cents
65 cents
40 cents
65 cents
35 cents
75 cents
F ree
35 cents
F ree
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
40 cents
F ree
40 cents
50 cents
F ree
40 cents
F ree
50 cents
40 cents
60 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
Free

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB 441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas




New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1T54 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102