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K-37

Dayton

& Montgomery. C o,
Public Library

JUN2-1971
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

A R E A WAGE SURVEY
T h e J a c k s o n v ille , F lo rid a , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
D ecem ber 1970

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 3 7
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau o f Labor Statistics




BUREAU

Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

OF LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

Room 1025
New Y o rk, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 21 2)

1317 F ilb e rt St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 M ayflow er Building
411 N o rth Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity.
* * Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas C ity , Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e Jackso n ville, Florida, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
D ecem ber 1970
B ulletin 1 6 8 5 -3 7
A p ril 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page

T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n ed to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n fo r e a c h
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r the
U nited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed fo r g r e a te r in sig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and le v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

At the end o f ea ch s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts the s u r v e y r e s u lt s . A fte r c o m p le t io n o f a ll
o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a roun d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
su m m a ry b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T he f ir s t b r in g s data fo r
ea ch o f the m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
The s e c o n d p r e s e n ts in fo r m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d
fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to g e o ­
g ra p h ic r e g io n s and the U nited S ta tes.

A.

N in ety a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In ea ch a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
is c o lle c t e d an n ually and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and
su p p le m e n ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .

B.

T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y in
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., in D e c e m b e r 1970. T he Stan dard M e t ­
r o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the B u rea u o f the
B udget th rou g h J a n u a ry 1968, c o n s is t s o f D uval C ou n ty.
T h is study w as c o n d u cte d by th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e
in A tlan ta, G a ., u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f D on ald M .
C r u s e , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r O p e r a tio n s .




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ___________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O ccu p ation al earn in gs:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n ___________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and
m
w o m e n _____________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m entrance s a la rie s fo r w om en o ffice
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B -2.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________

A pp en d ix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le
a r e a s . (S ee in s id e b a ck c o v e r .)

fo r

other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in t h e J a c k s o n v i l l e a r e a i s a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r a u t o d e a l e r r e p a i r s h o p s ( A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 ) . U n io n
s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a va ila b le
fo r building c o n s t r u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g
em p loyees;
a n d l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , a nd a l l i e d
occu p a tion s.

4

6

7
10
11
12
13

14
15
16
17
18
21
23




In t r o d u c t io n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ich the U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , data w e r e
ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M an u ­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re
om itte d b e c a u s e th ey tend to fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a re
p r o v id e d f o r e a ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b li­
ca tio n c r it e r ia .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in ce n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h ou rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the
sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay
f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f le c t e x p e c te d w ag e ch a n g e s.
T he
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch a n ge o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
ad v a n ce to b e t te r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y new w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e
ev en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s du ring
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in ta ble
2, a r e b e t te r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin
the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
obtain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In co m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iv e n th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u str y g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T h e o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
T he o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the a p pen dix. T h e e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g
the jo b title s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . E a rn in g s data f o r so m e
o f the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r so m e in d u str y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough
data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n t data. E a rn in g s data not show n s e p a r a te ly
f o r in d u str y d iv is io n s a r e in clu d e d in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d data,
w h e r e show n. L ik e w is e , data a r e in clu d e d in the o v e r a ll c la s s ifi c a t io n
w hen a s u b c la s s ific a t io n o f s e c r e t a r ie s o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n
o r in fo rm a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pa y le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, th u s, co n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s t im a te s f o r e a ch jo b .
T h e p a y r e la tio n s h ip ob ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age s p r e a d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m a in ta in ed a m on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y le v e ls
f o r m en and w o m e n in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s sh ou ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y tr e a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ithin
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O th er p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n ­
trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in pa y f o r m en and w o m e n in clu d e : D iffe r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the a ctu a l
r a te s p a id in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c if i c d u ties
p e r fo r m e d , alth ough the w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d a p p r o p r ia te ly w ith in
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n . J o b d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s ify in g
e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llow f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ifi c d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

1
Inclu ded in the 90 areas are four studies c o n d u cte d under contract w ith the N ew Y ork State
D epartm ent o f Labor. T hese areas are Bingham ton (N ew Y ork p ortion o n ly ); R och ester ( o f f i c e o c c u ­
pations on ly); Syracuse; and U tic a —R om e. In add ition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area studies
in 77 areas at the request o f the W age and H our D ivision o f the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor.




1

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l str u c tu r e

2
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
tain ed fr o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
the r e la tiv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in
o c cu p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f the
ea rn in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c t e d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s as th ey
re la te to plant and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
D ata f o r in d u str y d iv is io n s not
p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly a r e in clu d e d in the e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s ."
A d m in is t r a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c ­
tio n s .
" O f f ic e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s .
C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a re e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but
in clu d e d in n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p tim u m
sa m p lin g te ch n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tr a n ce r a te s f o r w o r k e r s
a b ove the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the ta b le is
m o r e -r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o li c ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plan t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
te r m s o f (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s
o f w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap plying to a m a jo r it y w as u sed o r , i f no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ifi c a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u sed . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e
la t e -s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
T h e sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a re ta bu la ted as ap p lyin g to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u rs a r e th o se w h ich a m a jo r it y o f f u ll-t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e
e x p e cte d to w o r k , w h eth er th ey w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a ig h t -tim e o r
o v e r t im e r a te s .

a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v en tu a lly q u a lify fo r
the p r a c t ic e s lis te d . Su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rough
B - 6 m a y not eq u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f roun din g.
D ata on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on h o li­
da ys g ra n ted an n u a lly on a fo r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l) a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) h ave b e e n e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s to m .
H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu d e d ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff.
T he fir s t
p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h ole and “h a lf
h o lid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n ted . T h e s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh ow tota l h o lid a y t i m e .
T he s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in ten ded as a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ifi c b e n e ­
fit s . P r o v is io n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t f o r a ll len gth s o f s e r v ic e w e r e
ta bu la ted as ap p lyin g to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b lis h ­
m en t, r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s fo r pa ym en t on
o th e r than a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a pa ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv ­
alen t o f 1 w e e k 's pa y.
O n ly b a s ic p la n s a r e in clu d ed .
E s tim a te s
e x clu d e v a c a tio n bon u s and v a c a t io n -s a v in g s pla n s and th ose w h ich
o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s ic pla n s w ith
q u a lify in g len gth s o f s e r v ic e . Such e x c lu s io n s a r e ty p ic a l in the ste e l,
alu m in u m , and ca n in d u s tr ie s .
D ata on h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n pla n s (ta ble B - 6 ) in ­
clu d e th o se p la n s f o r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pa ys at le a s t a p a rt o f the
c o s t. Such pla n s in clu d e th o se u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce
c o m p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d th rou gh a u nion fund o r pa id d ir e c t ly b y
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set a sid e
•for this p u r p o s e . A n e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d to have a plan if
the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s w as e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u nder the plan,
ev en if le s s than a m a jo r it y e le c te d to p a r t ic ip a te b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te to w a rd the c o s t o f the plan.
L e g a lly
r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e ex clu d e d .

S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in s u r a n ce u n d er w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d ca s h p a y m en ts a r e m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ility .
In form a tion is
p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch pla n s to w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H ow ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich h ave en a cted te m p o r a r y
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and
d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s , plans
p e n sio n pla n s (ta b le s B - 4 th rou g h B -6 ) a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on
a r e in clu d e d on ly i f the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly
the b a s is that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if
r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the
2
A n establishm ent was considered as having a p o lic y i f it m e t eith er o f the fo llo w in g c o n ­
r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law .
T a b u la tion s o f p a id s ic k le a v e plans a re
ditions: (1 ) O perated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, o r (2 ) had form al provisions coverin g
late shifts. A n establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) h ad provisions in w ritten form for operating
late shifts.




^ The tem porary disability laws
contributions.

in C a liforn ia

and Rhode Island do not require

em ployer

3
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s . S ep arate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e plans w h ic h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l p la n s. M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lan s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a rtia l p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D ental in su ra n c e u su a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a r e plan s w hich
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a ccid e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d e r­
w ritten by c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit orga n iza tion s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
the t h is p u r p o s e .
t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.

4

T a b le 1 .

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in sco p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in J a c k s o n v ille , Fla.,1 b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 0
Number of es tablishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study*

Studied

Studied

T o ta l4
Plant
Number

A ll divisions------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing_______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5_________________________
W holesale tra d e_________________________________
Retail trade______________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real e sta te _________
Services 8_________________________________________

_

Office

Percent

Total4

416

127

8 2,841

100

50,4 1 6

18,760

4 8 ,0 2 6

50
-

102
314

38
89

2 1 ,5 8 5
6 1 ,2 5 6

26
74

16,886
33,5 3 0

1,607
17, 153

13,143
3 4,883

50
50
50
50
50

44
70
99
46
55

17
13
24
18
17

13,931
7 ,8 4 2
2 0 ,4 7 3
12,123
6 ,8 8 7

17
9
25
15
8

7 ,8 0 6
(6)
(6)
(7)
(6)

2,751
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

10,793
2, 143
11,158
8 ,229
2 ,5 6 0

1 The Jacksonville Standard M etropolitan Statistical A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of Duval County.
The "w orkers within scope of study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not
intended, however, to
serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data
compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying
establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such
industries as trade,
finance, auto repair
serv ice , and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables.
Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
Jacksonville's electric utility is municipally
operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll in d u stries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for "a ll in du stries" and "nonmanufacturing1 in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates
1
for "a ll in d u stries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal s erv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural serv ice s.




One-fourth of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Jacksonville area were
employed in manufacturing firm s.
The following presents the m ajor industry groups and
specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Food and kindred p roducts------- 24
Paper and allied products--------- 15
Transportation equipment--------- 13
Stone, clay, and glass
products------------------------------------- 8
Tobacco m anufacturers------------- 8
Fabricated m etal products------- 7
Printing and publishing-------------- 7
Chem icals and allied
products------------------------------------- 5
M achinery, except electrical—
5

Specific industries
Ship and boatbuilding and
rep airin g---------------------------------C iga rs-----------------------------------------Bakery products------------------------Concrete, gypsum, and
plaster products---------------------New spapers_____________________
P aperm ills, except
building paper-------------------------Paperboard containers and
b o x e s-----------------------------------------

13
8
7
5
5
5
5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s

fo r S e le c te d

O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s

s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in dex.

P r e s e n t e d i n t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a t e o f
th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual ra te s of in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u rv ey s.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e t o r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of ea rn in gs fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ift s.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a re b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im itation s

o f D ata

M ethod o f C om putin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e ,
as m e a s u r e s
of
ch ange in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a re in flu e n ce d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e t o c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t actu al w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n t h o u g h a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w as a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w om en ):
B ook k eep in g-m a ch in e
operators, class B
Clerks, a ccou n tin g , classes
A and B
Clerks, f il e , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C om p tom eter operators
K eypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers ( o f f i c e boys or
girls)

The
p l i e d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w e re rela ted
g a t e f o r th e

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n )—
C ontinued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m e n and
w om en ):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en ):
Carpenters
E lectricians
M achinists
M echanics
M ech an ics (a u to m o tiv e )
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
U nskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r ce n ta g e s of ch ange r e f le c t on ly ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v era g e (m ean) ea rn in gs fo r e a ch occu p a tio n w e r e m u lti­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e totaled.
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s
b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
ea rlier yea r.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s

an d s tra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

in

J a c k s o n v ille , Fla., D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 0 an d D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 9 , an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll industries
Period

O ffice
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

125. 2
120. 0

135. 7
124. 6

Indexes (January 1967-100)
D ecem ber 1 9 7 0 --------------------- — -------------------D ecem ber 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------

125. 7
117 .7

(*)
(l )

127. 9
119. 3

121. 0
120. 4

(M
(M

()

Indexes (D ecem ber 1960 = 100)
D ecem ber 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------------------------January 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------------------------------------

155. 4
123. 5

o
(*)

158. 7
124. 3

150. 6
124. 5

(*)
(*)

t1)
(' )

n
C)

163. 4
120. 5

Percents of increase
D ecem ber 1969 to D ecem ber 1 9 7 0 -------------------January 1969 to D ecem ber 1969:
11-m onth in cre a se-----------------------------------------Annual rate of in c r e a s e ------------------------------------

6. 8

n

7. 2

2. 5

(*)

(l )

4. 3

8 .9

5. 7
6. 2

n

6. 2
6. 8

5. 0
5. 5

n
()

n

(i )

n

6. 0
6 .6

8. 5
9 .3

January 1968 to January 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------January 1967 to January 1 9 6 8 -------- - ----------------January 1966 to January 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------January 1965 to January 1966 -------------- --------------January 1964 to January 1 9 6 5 ------------------------- —
January 1963 to January 1964__ ------------------------N ovem ber 1961 to January 1963:
------------------------------14-m onth in cre a se---------Annual rate of in c r e a s e ------------------------------------

6. 0
5. 1
5. 1
3. 3
2. 7
2. 6

n

n

(|)

(>
t )
(>
()
(M

( )
(
( )
(*)

7 .6
5. 2
6 .7
3. 7
3. 1

5. 1
4 .4

(')

D ecem ber I960 to N ovem ber 1961:
11-m onth in cre ase---------------------------------------------Annual rate of in crease ----------------------------------D ecem ber 1959 to D ecem ber I 9 6 0 -----------------------

2
7
0
8
2
3

5. 0
9. 2
2 5. 7
2. 4
1. 4
2 .9

(*)

8. 5
5. 8
2. 7
3. 1
2 .9
2. 6

(*)

3. 1
2. 7

4. 8
4. 1

n
(*)

(*)
(M

{! }
(l )

4. 3
3. 7

2. 6
2. 8

(*)
(M

2 .9
3. 2

5. 2
5. 7

n
()

(*)
(')

(*)
()

5. 5
6. 0

5. 2

(*)

4. 1

3. 3

n

(*)

(M

7. 2

n
n

()
<)
(*)

6.
5.
6.
2.
5.
2.

1 Data do not m eet publication c riteria .
2 These changes reflect shifts in em ploym ent between high- and low -w age establishm ents in addition to wage changes.

N O T E:
P reviou sly published indexes for the Jacksonville area used D ecem ber I960 as the base
period.
They can be converted to the new base period by dividing them by the corresponding index
num bers for January 1967 on the D ecem ber I960 base period as shown in the table.
(The resu lt should
be multiplied by 100.)

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla., December 1970)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

$
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
60

$
65

$
70

$
75

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
80
85
90
95 100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
$

under
65

3 9 . 5 1 4 1 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0 1 2 5 . 5 0 3 9 . 5 1 4 1 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0 1 2 5 . 5 0 -

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ---NONHANUFACTURING ------------------C LER K S,

70

75

60

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

130

135

140

150
~

150

160

$

1.60

111
106

39.0
39.0

81.00
81.50

78.50
78.00

70.0069.50-

87 . 0 0
87 . 5 0

170

12

12

17
17

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C LA SS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

39.5
39.5

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ---------------------------

40.0

93.50

90.00

7 0.00-

40.0

97.00

97.00

8 5 .0 0 -

39.5
39.0

95.00
92.00

90.00
89.00

87.50-103.50
87.00-100.50

94.00
93.00

92.50
91.00

85.508 5 .0 0 -

10
10

10 4 .5 0

BO O KKEEPING -M AC HINE O P ER A TO R S,
C LA SS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

18
14

11 5 .0 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BO O KKEEPIN G
M ACHINE) ----------------------------------

16
16

13 3 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 3 3 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 -

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING -M ACHINE O P ER A TO R S,
C LA SS B -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

148
128

39.0
39.0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U 8 L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------

227
26
201
46

3 8 . 5 1 1 6 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 2 3 .0 0
3 8 . 5 11 6 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 3 0 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ----------

647
69
578
111

39.0
90.00
39.5
95.50
39.0
89.00
38.5 1 0 2 .0 0

94.00
87.00
97.00

160
158
32

38.5
38.5
39.0

84.50
84.50
1 0 7 .0 0

81.00
81 . 0 0
87.50

7 3 . 5 0 - 87 .5 0
7 3 . 5 0 - 87 .5 0
78.001 4 9 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS C
NONMANUFACTURING - -

179
179

38.0
38.0

75.50
75.50

74.50
74.50

7 0 . 5 0 - 81 . 0 0
7 0 . 5 0 - 81 . 0 0

C L E R K S , ORDER --------NONMANUFACTURING

123
108

40.5
40.5

89.50
86.50

88.00

84.50

80.5010 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 98.50

20

8 0 .5 0 - 99.00
87.5010 5 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 97.50
8 5 .0 0 11 3 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS B
NONMANUFACTURING - P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

20

10 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0

88.00

3 9 . 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 0 4 .0 0 10 7 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 4 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 8 0.5087.00-

11 7 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

COMPTOMETER O PERATO RS
NONMANUFACTURING —

39.5
39.5

93.50
94.50

89.0091.00-

10 4 .5 0
10 6 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




17
34

102 .501 2 8 .0 0
13 5 .0 0
1 20.00 1 1 6 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . 5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
124.00 1 0 9 .5 0 -

C L E R K S , PA YRO LL -----MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

96.50
98.00

20

1 1 7 .0 0

14
1

11

23
103
18

84
10

6

42

108
29

37
7

33

2
15
15

29
29
16
16

31
31

19
19
28
24

29
14

13

$

14
14

170

180

—

91.50-130.00

ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B

M ESSEN G ERS (O F F IC E BO YS) - NONMANUFACTURING -----------

$

140
“

M iddle range2
(standard)

$

t

and

180

over

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , J a c k s o n v il le , F la ., D e c e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
dard)

Se x, oc cu pation,

a n d i n d u s t r y di vi si on

amber
of
bikers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of-$

Average

s
60

Mean 2

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

$
65

t

$
70

75

$

$

80

85

t
90

t
95

$
100

$
10 5

$
n o

S

$

%

115

120

125

S
130

$
135

t
140

S
150

$
160

s
170

180

and
and

under
65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

7
7

30
30

47
47

41
40

25
21

34
34

12
10

9
7

6
6

1
1

-

5
4

16
16

14
14

8
8

1
1

-

44
4
40
“

137
9
128
18

100
9
91
2

72
16
56
1

56
11
45
1

29
-

9
i
8

29
-

9
4
5
3

2
-

2
-

8
-

2
-

6
-

2
2

2
2

8
8

2

_
-

70
_

29
12

-

-

70
58

6
6

WOMEN - CO NT IN UE D
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

256
246

39.0
39.0

$
107.00
107.00

$
100.50
100.00

$
$
93.00-113.50
92.50-113.00

KE YPU NCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------MAN UFA CT UR IN G --------------------NON MA N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S ---------------

608
54
554
128

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

98.00
92.50
98.50
131.00

89.50
91.50
89.00
145.00

82.50-102.50
85.50- 96.50
82.50-104.00
104.50-158.00

ME SSE NGE RS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

68
68

38.5
38.5

79.00
79.00

74.50
74.50

SECRETAR IES --------------------------MA NU FAC TUR ING --------------------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILI TIE S ---------------

966
114
852
92

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

120.00
122.00
120.00
150.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

71
61

39.0
39.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FAC TUR ING --------------------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S ---------------

251
26
225
26

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FAC TUR ING --------------------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

-

*

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

6
-

4
-

6
“

4
~

79.00
79.00

5
5

4
4

29
29

17
17

3
3

5
5

-

*

-

117.00
123.00
116.00
152.00

101.00-136.50
109.00-135.00
100.00-136.50
140.00-162.50

-

-

9

3
“
3

51
1
50

69
9
60

76
8
68

81
19
62
2

47
7
40
4

47
13
34
7

67
7
60
9

80
17
63
19

32
3
29
20

32
1
31
23

16
-

-

98
13
85
-

68
8
60

*

68
3
65
-

82
5
77

-

6
6
i

34
34
1

131.50
131.00

136.00
136.00

121.50-143.50
121.00-142.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

9
7

8
7

18
18

11
6

5
4

2
2

3
3

_

“

3
3

_

-

1
1

_

“

7
7

-

-

38.5
40.0
38.5
39.0

129.00
126.00
129.50
157.50

126.50
124.50
127.00
159.50

116.50-144.50
119.50-139.00
116.00-145.50
151.00-168.00

-

-

-

-

3

5

5

-

-

5

5

20

6

38
7
31

17
1
16
1

13
3
10

22
3
19
2

38
5
33
3

13
13
8

11
-

3

28
2
26

14
-

-

16
5
11

6
-

-

-

20
~

14
9

11
2

2
2
1

297
33
264

39.0
40.0
39.0

124.00
123.50
124.50

121.00
125.00
120.50

101.50-139.00
111.50-137.50
99.50-139.50

-

-

9
9

3
3

i
-

23
1
22

24
2
22

10
10

16
4
12

18

17
2
15

23
3
20

22
3
19

23
3
20

23
4
19

4
i
3

11
1
10

-

18

23
5
18

15
4

i

-

32
32

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MAN UFA CTU RIN G --------------------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

345
45
300

39.5
40.0
39.0

107.00
115.50
106.00

103.50
116.50
102.50

97.00-115.00
103.00-129.00
96.00-113.00

_
-

-

_
-

5
5

25
25

32
1
31

67
5
62

61
9
52

31
3
28

40
4
36

27
3
24

11
7
4

8
3
5

3
1
2

7
3
4

10
1
9

5
-

2
-

-

5

2

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MAN UFA CTU RIN G --------------------NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G ----------------PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S ---------------

443
44
399
198

38.5
40.0
38.5
39.0

109.50
100.00
110.50
131.50

101.00
101.00
101.00
122.50

88.50-115.00
93.50-107.00
87.50-125.00
110.00-163.00

-

8
8
-

61
3
58
16

30
3
27
3

61
8
53
8

33
6
27
4

44
ii
33
14

24
7
17
5

52
5
47
45

1
-

5
5

l
1
-

19
19
15

17
-

22
-

1
~

9
9
9

17
17

22

22

25
25
25

9
9

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G -----------------

334
316

39.5
39.0

124.00
125.00

117.00
117.00

94.50-156.50
94.00-158.00

12
12

24
24

49
49

7

30
25

19
19

10
5

36
35

15
12

7

_

35
35

24
24

48

-

48

“

SWIT CHB OAR D OPERATORS, CLAS S A ---NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G -----------------

30
27

39.0
39.0

106.00
107.00

101.00
101.50

90.00-124.00
90.00-140.00

-

3
3

3
2

-

_

-

SWITCHBO ARD OPERATORS, CL AS S B ---NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G -----------------

95
91

40.5
40.5

82.50
82.00

78.50
78.00

68.0068.00-

6
6

3
1

3
3

SWITCHBO ARD OPE RA T OR -R EC EP TI ON ISTSMAN UFA CT UR lN G --------------------NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G ------------------

120
42
78

39.5
40.0
39.5

88.50
89.50
88.00

87.50
91.00
85.00

76.0085.5074.00-

2
2

4

-

“

1

~

1
*
1

1

4

TABULATI NG- MAC HIN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

46
46

37.5
37.5

107.00
107.00

109.50
109.50

2
2

17
17

5
5

14
14

2
2

110
109

39.5
39.5

87.00
87.00

89.00
88.50

TRANSCR IBI NG- MAC HIN E OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG -------------

See

f o ot n ot e s at e n d




of tables.

71.5071.50-

9

*
-

■

2
-

18
-

-

2
“

18
-

_

_

-

'

-

-

_

_

-

3
3

-

5
4

91.00
89.00

11
11

20
20

5
5

17
17

13
13

4
4

9

93.50
94.00
92.00

10
10

3

16

6

15

22

-

7

3

7

3

9

6

12

15

28
16
10

_

_

_

_

“

“

3
3

_

“

3
3

_

“
_

_

16
16

14
14

23
23

15
15

27
26

96.50
96.00

8
8

-

*

29
15

5
5

3
3

106.00-117.00
106.00-117.00

81.5081.00-

23
23

7

7

7

3

7

~

5

n
n
5
6
2
2
1

_

16
6

-

_

9

3

7
7

-

8
8

2

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

2

1
1

-

~

6

7

-

_

*

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

“

”

_

2

-

*
1

6

-

-

-

-

*

2

2

”

_

_

-

-

~

~

2

2

-

_

'

2

~

"

*

2

_

'

"

-

9

T a b le A-1.

O ffice o ccupations—men and w o m en -----Continued

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e

weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry divisiont Jacksonville, Fla., December 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woikers

$
Average
weekly

$
60

Mean 2

M edian 2

Middle range2

(standard)

$

*
65

70

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%
*
*
%
$
%
%
%
s
$
A

$
75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

t

%

140

$
150

s

i
160

170

and
under
65

180

and
80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

2
2

41
41

58
58

17
17

4
4

5
5

6
6

4
4

-

1
“

1
1

-

*

~

109
109

101
100

89
80
13

57
57
5

21
21
1

20
18

4
1

1

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

170

180

over

“

75

5
5

70

*

*
*

“

~

1
1
1

3
3
3

WOMEN - CO NT IN UE D
$
TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------NON M AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

144
IA3

38-0
38.0

88.50
88.50

$
87.00
87.00

$
83.5083.50-

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 ------------NON MAN UF AC TU RI NG --------PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S -------

487
471
25

38-5
38.5
37.0

79.00
78.50
98.00

78.00
77.50
85.00

72.00- 84.50
72.00- 84.00
82.50-102.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




$
91.00
90.50

12
12

67
67

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
0

T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis by industry div isio n , J a ck son v ille, F la ., D ecem ber 1970)
Weekly
(s'tan lard) ^

Sex, occupation, and industry divisii

Number
of

Numbe r of workers recei ving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
s

A venge
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

s
70

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

%

80

%

90

$

%

100 110 120

$

%

S

130

140

A

150

s

$

160

170

s

$
180

190

>

S

200 210 220

t

%

230

%

24C

%

250

%

260

and
under

270
and

80

90

$
$
1 4 3 .5 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

~

-

1 2 8 .0 0 1 2 8 .5 0 1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

-

100 110 120

130

140

170

180

150

160

7
7

3
3

1
1
1
0

i

15
14

2
1

6
6

-

190

200 210 220

230

240

250

260

270

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M
EN
$
$
3 9 .0 1 6 6 .5 0 16 4 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 6 6 .5 0 16 4 .5 0

-

-

“

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING --------------

50
49

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING --------------

132
115

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING --------------

57
54

3 9 .0 1 0 4 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 0 4 .5 0 105 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING

84
84

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 8 9 .5 0 184 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0 184 .5 0

1 7 6 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING

104
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

17 3 .0 0 17 5 .0 0 1 5 6 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0 16 9 .0 0 1 5 4 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

_

“

34
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 4 .5 0 15 4 .5 0 1 4 4 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
156 .0 0 15 6 .5 0 1 4 6 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

_

_

_

~

~

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

40
40
58
57
30

3 9 .0

1 8 6 .0 0 184.00

16
15

19
13

-

2
2

10
10

10

20
20

_

_

_

_

_

-

”

~

~

_

_

_

_

"

“

~
_
“

2
2

6
6

~

2

2

_

~

16

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------M
ANUF ACT LR ING------------------

62
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C

50

3 9 .0

1 1 0 .5 0 1 1 2 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

2
2

4
4

4
4

2
1
2
1

1
2
1
2

15
15

4
4

6

6

6

6

1
2
8

6
6

i
i

8
8

6

7

8
8

2
1
2
1

1
1

13

23
18

4

1
1

3

8

7
6

7
7

_

2

29
26

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

See footnotes at end o f tables.




5
5

3
3

_

-

_

7

2

_

1

-

-

_

_

~
~

2
2
1
1

i
i

_

2

~

2

1
1

3
3

9
9

1
0
1
0

5
5

15
15

6
6

6
6

1
1
10

4
4

“

*13
13

-

3
3

6
6

8
-

-

-

5

7

-

1 5 6 .5 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 4 4 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
15 4 .0 0 158 .5 0 1 4 3 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0

* W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:

-

6
6

_

“

5
5

9

11

1

1
1

14

~

4

14
11

5

3

5

4

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

7

1
1

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

i
i

1
1

6

2

16

W EN
OM
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING

2
2

1
1

~

2
2

15
15

“

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0 1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0 159 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

1
1

9
9

29
26

3 8 .5 2 2 4 .5 0 2 2 5 .5 0 2 0 3 .5 0 -2 3 9 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 2 4 .5 0 2 2 5 .0 0 2 0 3 .5 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------

18
17

6
6

i

3 8 .5 2 5 5 .5 0 2 5 2 .0 0 2 4 4 .0 0 -2 7 9 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 5 5 .5 0 2 5 2 .0 0 2 4 4 .0 0 -2 7 9 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

3
3

1
1

7

2
2

3
3

5 at $ 270 to $ 280; 7 at $ 290 to $ 300; and 1 at $31 0 to $ 320.

3
3

2
2

4

6

4

6

9
9

11
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a nd te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en

and w o m e n

c o m b in e d

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla. , D ecem ber 1970)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

We ek ly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
’standard) (standard)

Average
Number
of

Occupation and industry division

i

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

T
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

4 0 .0

$
1 0 8 .5 0

25

4 0 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

38

o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) --------------------------------

38

*
O

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

9 7 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

32

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0

BOOKKEEP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
C L A S S 8 --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

150

3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0

130

3 9 .0

9 4 .0 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E BO Y S A N D G I R L S ) N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

179
174
30

38 . 5
38 .5
38 . 5

6 0 .5 0
80.50
105.00

TRANSCRI 8I NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

971
114
857
96

39 .0
40.0
39 . 0
39 .0

120.00
122.00
12 0 . 0 0
151.00

9 5 .0 0

26

- CONTINUED

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

295

56

3 9 .5

1 3 9 .5 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

674

3 9 .0

C L E R K S , FILE, C L A S S B -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

163

C L E R K S , FILE, C L A S S C -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

72
62

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

251
26
225
26

38 .5
40 . 0
38 .5
39.0

129.00
126.00
129.50
157.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

298
33
265

39.0
40 . 0
39 . 0

124.50
123.50
124.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

348
45
303

39 .5 1 0 7 . 5 0
40.0 115.50
39.0 106.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

144

3 8 .0

8 8 .5 0

143

3 8 .0

8 8 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

496

3 8 .5

S ,.o o

8 0 .0 0

475

3 8 .5

7 9 .5 0

29

3 7 .5

10 9 .0 0

60

3 9 .0

1 6 6 .5 0

59

3 9 .0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

9 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

39 . 0 1 3 2 . 5 0
39.0 132.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

110
109

C L E R K S , O R D E R ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0

26

3 9 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

269

3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0

74

3 9 .5

600

3 9 .0

9 0 .0 0

118

3 8 .5

1 0 5 .0 0

3 8 .5

8 6 .0 0

161

3 8 .5

8 6 .5 0

35

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

179

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 5 .5 0

166

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

9 2 .5 0

462
44
41 8
217

38 .5 1 1 2 . 0 0
40.0 100.00
38 .5 1 1 3 . 5 0
39 . 0 1 3 5 . 0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

33 4
316

39 . 5
39 . 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

30
27

39.0 106.00
39 . 0 1 0 7 . 0 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

95
91

40 . 5
40 . 5

82 . 5 0
82.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

120
42
78

39 . 5
40.0
39 .5

88 . 5 0
89.50
88.00

7 5 .5 0

179

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---- ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

149

124.00
125.00

9 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

122

3 9 .0

1 0 5 .5 0

44

3 9 .5

1 0 4 .0 0

78

3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

87

3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0

62

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

256

3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

246

3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

608

3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0

54

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

554

3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0

128

3 9 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
C L A S S C --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

81
81

118.00
118.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

156

3 9 .0

134

3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0

64

3 9 .0

1 0 4 .0 0

61

3 9 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A — ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

99

3 8 .5

1 8 9 .0 0

99

3 8 .5

1 8 9 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

133

3 9 .5

1 6 9 .5 0

115

3 9 .5

1 6 7 .5 0

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

61

3 9 .0

1 5 8 .0 0

58

3 9 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

CO M P U T E R SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

40

3 8 .5

2 5 5 .5 0

40

3 8 .5

2 5 5 .5 0

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

66

3 8 .5

2 2 0 .0 0

65

3 8 .5

2 2 0 .0 0

37 .5
37 . 5

97.00
97.00

C L A S S A ---------------------------------

30

3 9 .0

1 8 6 .0 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------32
32

38 .5
38 . 5

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN,

66

3 9 .5

1 4 9 .5 0

36

3 9 .5

1 5 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN,

56

3 9 .0

1 1 0 .0 0

C L A S S C ---------------------------------

12
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Jacksonville, F la., December 1970)
Num ber o f w ork ers re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

S
t
S
S
$
$
%
$
$
*
i
$
t
S
$
»
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3. 80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0

2.20

2. 60

2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4

o

TT.S.r 2.10
*
and
2*10 unde r

O
o

Middle range 2

S

5
5

7
7

2
2

1
1

5
5

6

-o

Median2

O

Mean 2

+

2.20

Sex, occupation, and industry division

s

o
*
4
*

$

t
4 .8 0

4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

1

S
5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5 .2 0 5 .4 0

HEN
CARPENTERS, M A IN TE NA NC E ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

34
25

$
3 .7 0
3 .6 6

$
3 .8 9
3 .8 6

$
$
3 . 1 9 - 4 .3 6
3 . 2 2 - 4 .0 6

EL ECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

96
74

4 .1 6
4 .1 0

4 .4 9
4 .4 3

ENGINEERS, S T AT IO NA RY --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

73
36
37

3 .9 9
4 .4 8
3 .5 3

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

30
29

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TR AD ES -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

69
37
32

-

*

3 . 6 5 - 4 .6 9
3 . 6 4 - 4 .5 7

-

-

4 .0 9
4 .5 4
3 .3 9

3 . 3 4 - 4 .5 6
4 . 1 7 - 5 .1 8
3 . 1 7 - 4 .0 4

•

3 .4 9
3 .5 5

3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 . 1 6 - 3 .8 3
3 . 1 8 - 3 .8 4

i

2.88

2 .7 8
2 .7 3
3 .2 5

2 . 4 5 - 3 .4 5
2 . 3 9 - 2 .8 7
2 . 5 4 - 3 .5 4

_

2 .7 4
3 .0 3

MACHINISTS, MAIN TE NA NC E ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

58
48

4 .1 1
3 .9 9

4 .3 5
4 .3 1

3 . 4 8 - 4 .4 8
3 . 4 3 - 4 .4 2

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE! ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

372
96
276
147

3 .6 6
3 .3 0
3 .7 8
3 .9 8

3 .5 7
3 .1 9
3 .6 4
3 .8 4

3 .3 8 2 .9 8 3 .4 6 3 .4 6 -

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

249
224

3 .6 2
3 .6 5

3 .6 6
3 .6 8

3 . 2 0 - 4 .1 4
3 . 2 1 - 4 .1 4

-

5

-

_

-

-

-

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------------

25

3 .8 4

4 .0 9

3 . 4 8 - 4 .4 6

i

2
2

-

See footnotes at end of tables,




3 .8 3
3 .7 2
3 .9 5
4 .4 9

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

*
-

-

_

-

3
“
-

-

-

-

5

“
-

-

*

9
4
5

-

8

-

6

4

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

“

”

1
1

-

1
1

“

-

-

-

*

*

”

-

7

4

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

5

*

-

-

-

-

2
2

9
9

1
1

*

1

-

-

-

“

“

1
1

“

6

2

5

-

1

2

-

1
1
10
10

2
2

3
3

1
1

“

5
5

1

3

1
1

2

7

1
1

9
A
5

9

-

9
i

2

2
1

1

-

1

5
5

6

-

6

“

-

“

-

_
-

1
1

*

-

-

“

-

—

9
9

1

20
8
12
4

34
16
18
6

21
21

28
27

13

5

-

-

12
1
1

9

16

9

16

1

8

1
2
12
15
5
10

1

1
1
-

1
8

1

5
4

"

4

1
1
8

4

6

~

3
-

4

-

A

A

“

4

5

3

1

-

l
A

-

2

“

1
1

6
6

25

95
40

60

24
18

AA

7

36

43

3
3

4

4

4

-

*
“

15

5

26
26

1
1

~

-

1
1

5

-

78
18

99

6

6

~

1

A
A
A

46

31

20
19

46

4

1

1

~
22

*
*
*
-

8
-

“
-

-

-

-

9
9
“

“

*

-

-

-

“

*

“

“

“

“

12

13

9

-

-

12

13

-

_

*

1
1

4

“

1
1

-

-

-

*
"

11

23

11
11

12

3
1

30
30

“

11

1

_

32

8
15

32
-

-

32

3
3
3

“

-

2

-

~

"

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a nd m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla. , December 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

951
36
915

$
1.77
1.90
1.76

$
1.66
1.69
1.66

$
1.631.641.63-

$
1.69
1.95
1.69

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EA N E R S M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------

1,240
154
1,086
43

1.86
2.43
1.78
3.11

1.76
2.42
1.74
3.34

1.682.161.673.31-

1.90
2.49
1.81
3.38

LABORERS, MATE RI AL HA ND L I N G ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --- ------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------

1,038
455
583
152

2.21
2.24
2.19
2.71

2.12
2.22
2.02
2.51

1.851.941.792.20-

2.45
2.47
2.37
3.37

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

734
722

2.48
2.49

2.45
2.46

2.16- 2.92
2.17- 2.92

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G — ------------------

150
62

2.18
2.11

2.19
2.05

1.96- 2.44
1.88- 2.35

R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS -------------------N O N H A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

154
132

2.74
2.68

2.85
2.55

2.23- 3.17
2.19- 3.15

S H IP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G C L ER KS — ---

31

3.42

3.19

2.73- 4.33

TRUCKD RI VE RS
------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

1,539
366
1,173
566

2.85
2.54
2.95
3.39

2.64
2.67
2.63
3.06

2.252.162.302.42-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UN0ER
1-1/2 T O N S ) ----------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

182
179

2.01
2.01

T R U C KD RI VE RS , M E DI UM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

498
119
379
290

TR UCKDRIVERS, HE AV Y I0VER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

1
t
$
$
$
*
*
Under1 *60 1 ,7 0 1* 80 1 ,9 0 2 * 00 2 ,1 0 2 ,2 0
$
and
_
_
_
_
_
_
1.60 under
X .70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30

GU AR DS AND WA TC H M E N --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---*
--NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

71
6
65

21
21

3
3

9
3

35

45

329
2

427

133
7
126

24

35

52

137
30
107
12

150

82
3

81
37
44
-

47
39
-

25
25

18
15

63
63

761
21
740
48
48

52

68

1
1
1

6

6

1
0

86

6
-

-

5
26
9
17

21
13
8

58
52

66

55
55

5

7
27
19

2

t

S

3.00 3.20

$

$

t

t

t

3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40

2.40 2. 50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4. 00 4.20 4.40 4 . 6 0

2
2

7

8
2

$
1
1
i
t
2 * 50 2 *60 2 * 70 2 * 80 2 *90
_
_
_
_
_

t
1
2 *30 2.40
_
_

-

6

2
2
15
-

15
“

83
34
49
24

99
63
36

107
107

53
53

8
8

150
150

51
51

3
3
4
-

4
-

2
2

-

3
3
-

-

20

16
14

-

18

-

28
4
24

9
9

26
24

31

*

2
2

2

_
-

16
-

31
31

1

10
10
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

5

28
28
26

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

_

-

8
8

«

1
1

2
2

1
1

49

39

28

39
32

5

30
30

122
122

24
24

62
62

-

-

-

“

1
1

3
“

1
1

47
47

16

3

2

2
2

6
2

-

-

-

-

-

4

114
84
30
24

26

14
4

21

77
77
-

19

-

-

_
-

10
10

12

25
41
24

-

-

52
32

19

1
1

12
7
6

17
3
-

6
6

2
2

3
3

20
12

13

1
2

25
-

7
5

1
2
10

43

5

2
2

-

23
23

9
9

18
18

9

-

6

1
1
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

10

3.13
2.87
3.75
4.44

21

51

109
45
64

77

12

45
9
36
16

42
27

-

118
42
76
30

154

31
-

64
46
18
6

2.11
2.11

1.81- 2.24
1.81- 2.24

21
21

14
14

31
31

2.86
2.25
3.03
3.05

2.382.062.482.54-

3.63
3.00
4.41
4.43

21

18
12

19

622
112
510
228

3.08
2.59
3.18
3.60

2.98
2.73
3.05
4.42

2.332.252.332.35-

3.78
3.00
4.41
4.46

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------

237

2.59

2.61

2.36- 2.85

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

391
208
183

2.70
2.65
2.76

2.84
2.75
2.92

2.08- 3.21
2.08- 2.98
2.09- 3.30

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

482
468

1.67
1.66

1.73
1.73

1.67- 1.78
1.67- 1.77

-

2
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

2

8

-

-

238

-

238
238

45
45

3.01
2.43
3.19
3.36

2

See footnotes at end of tables.




33

20

20

12
12

77
40

27
18

42
40

40
12
28
24

40
15
25
24

12

154
84

6
6

-

21

81
24
57
30

109

-

27
27

127
127

273
272

73
38
35

12
4

10

11

6

-

6

24
18

10

1
1

15
-

189
54
135
66

22

14

1
0
1

105
26
79
54
71
28
43

36

27

24

25
25

10
4
6

-

“

1

19

19

1 00
100

7
7

15
28
16

-

2
1

19
19

66

12

16

15

13

109

18
38
22
16

-

1

8

95
43
52

138
138

14

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ti c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e pr ov is io ns

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e

s a la rie s f o r w o m e n

o ffic e w o r k e r s

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by m inim um entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w ork e rs, Jackson ville, F la ., D ecem ber 1970)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straigh t-tim e s a la r y 4

A ll
schedules

40

38

XXX

89

27

3

3

24

under $ 6 2 .5 0 ---------------------------- -------------------under $ 6 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
under $ 6 7 .5 0 -------------------------------------------------------under $ 70.00 --------------------------- — --------- -------under $ 7 2 .5 0 __________________________________________________
under $ 7 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------- —
under $ 7 7.50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 8 0 .0 0 __________________________________________________
under $ 8 2 .5 0 ________________________________________ _________
under $ 85.00 _
----------- —
-o v e r --------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

1
4
2
3
5
2
2

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

4
1
3

-

E stablishm ents having no specified m in im u m ----------------------

23

Establishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers
in this category---------------------------------------------------------------------------

77

Establishm ents having a specified m inim um-------------------------$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

60.00
62.5 0
65.00
67.5 0
70.00
72.50
75.00
77.50
80.00
82.50
85.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

See footnotes at end of tab les.




127

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

E stablishm ents stu d ie d ___________________________________

Other inexperienced clerical workers

Nonmanufacturing

37V2

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—
All
schedules

40

37V2

40

XXX

127

38

7

12

42

9

1
2
1
2
-

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

1
-

-

3
1
3

-

-

-

1
1
3

1
5
3
4
13
2
3
1
4
2
4

_

-

1
4
2
3
4
1
2

2
1
2

8

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

36

13

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

27

XXX

50

XXX

XXX

49

16

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

-

89

XXX

XXX

8

33

8

19

-

_
-

-

-

2
1
1
1
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
2
1
1

1
5
3
4
11
1
2

1
2
1
2
1

3
1
2
7

-

-

2
1
3

-

-

XXX

_

-

-

1

1
-

-

1
1
3




15

T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls

(L a te-sh ift pay provisions for manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Jacksonville, F la ., D ecem ber 1970)
(A ll plant workers in manufacturing - 100 percent)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—

L a te -sh ift pay provision

In establishm ents having provisions 7
for late shifts
Second shift

Total____________________________________________

Third or other
shift

80.5

6 5.7

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

19.3

Third or other
shift

9.8

No pay differential for work on late sh ift---------

12.2

7.9

3.1

0.7

Pay differential for work on late s h ift__________

68.3

57.8

16.2

9.1

U niform cents (per h o u r)----------------------------

66.6

57.8

16.1

9.1

5 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------6 c e n ts ------- -------------------------------------------7 c e n ts -------------------------------- -------------------8 c e n ts________________
- ------- —
9 c e n ts ------------------------ ---------------------------10 cents______________________ _____; -----11 cents___________________________________
12 cents----------------------- ---------------------------13 cen ts--------------------------- _
13*/3 cents----------------- ------------------ -------14 c e n t s -------------------------------------------15 cents______________ — ----------------------20 cents_ --------------------------------------26V3 cents--------- ---------- ------------------------

5.2
2.6
34.5
2.1
3.0
15.0

3.8

1.2
.4
8.4
.6
1.2
2.9
-

Type and amount of differential:

8 hours' pay for

7 V2

h ours' work--------------

See footnote at end of tables.

-

-

-

15.4
1.2
1.4
5.1
2.6
11.5
1.3

4.2

-

-

5.7
3.3
2.3
4.2

-

1.7

-

1.4
-

.1

.8
-

2.9
-

.4
.2
.4
2.0
.1
1.1
.9
.2

.1

16

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

h o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , J a c k s o n v il l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ff ic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________

30 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 35 and u n d er 3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________ —
3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________________________________
3 8 V4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------39 h o u r s _____________________________________________
40 h o u r s - _____ _____________________________________
O v e r 40 and u n d er 44 h o u r s _______________________
44 h o u r s ----------------- ------------------------------------------------45 h o u r s _____________________________________________
4 7 V2 h o u r s __________________________________________
48 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 48 h o u r s _______________________________________

See footnote at end of tables.




M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilit ie s

100

100

100

1
4
2
3
-

-

4
-

(9 )
67
3

6
6
2
4
2

4
-

80
4
2
7
3

-

3
83
6
4

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

1

5
-

6
34
7
-

49
1
(9 )
(9 )
-

2
4
-

88
1
-

(9 )
38
-

62
-

17

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Jacksonville, F la ., Decem ber 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
A ll industries

A ll w orkers____________________________________

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holid a ys_____________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a ys----------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

89

98

100

99

100

100

11

2

-

C)

-

-

-

3
10

-

(9 )

Number of days
L e ss than 5 holid a ys---------------------------------------------5 holid a ys__________________________________________
5 holidays plus 1 half day-------------------------------------6 holidays ---------------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day_________________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s-----------------------------------7 h o lida ys----------------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day_________________________
7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _______________________
8 holid a ys___________________________________________
9 holid a ys----------------------------------------------------------------10 holidays__________________________________________
11 holidays__________________________________________
12 holidays---------- -----------------------------------------------------

2
30
1
21
(*)
4
2
22
4
(’ )
2
1

19
34
7
-

10
*
-

29
6
1
2

65
12
-

2
2
3
9
39
39
45
45
79
79
98
98
98

~
12
77
77
77
77
87
87
97
97
100

"

n

30
(’ )
12
6
2
7
3
(9 )
24
4
(9 )
1
11

20
1
37
13
“
18
8
2

3

4

92
1

-

2

Total holiday tim e 1
0
12 days______________________________________________
11 days or m ore ___________________________________
10 days or m ore ___________________________________
9 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 days or m o r e ____________________________________
7 V2 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 V days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------2
6 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------5‘/2 days or m o r e _________________________ ________
5 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------4 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------1 day or m o re---------------------------------------------------------- i

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
2
3
7
30
30
34
34
56
56
87
87
89

11
12
12
16
40
43
52
58
70
70
98
98
99

2
2
4

-

12

1

29
29
42
42
79
80
100
100
100

93
93
93
93
97
97
99
99
100

.

18

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Jacksonville, F la ., D ecem ber 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
A ll industries

A ll w orkers-------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

97
88
4
4

100
87
13
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100

"

-

-

(9 )
51
7
1

41
4

-

44
-

_
38
-

2
74
3
18
*

_
79
8
11
-

80
20
'

1
30
69
(9 )

35
61
4

85
15
-

2
36
4
55
-

_
66
8
26
-

-

17
83
-

1
2
(9 )
96
(9 )

7
88
4

1
99
-

18
7
71
1

27
8
63
2

13
87
-

2
1
96
1
1

3
91
~
6

(9 )
99
"

18
7
70
1
1

27
8
61
2
2

13
87

2
1
96
1
1

3
90
1
6

(9 )
99
-

9
2
77
4
5

7
79
10
4

6
94
-

(9 )
1
73
14
12

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations------------------ ---------------------------------L en gth -of-tim e paym ent---------------------------------Percentage payment------ ------ --------------------------O th er-------------------------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations--------------------------------------------------

3

-

-

Amount of vacation p a y 1
1
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week-----------------------------------------------------------1 week— ----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s------------------------------------2 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------------

2
16
2
-

3
8
-

After 1 year of service
Under 1 week----------------------------------- -----1 week -------------- ------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------------2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s_____________________________________________

-

After 2 years of service
Under 1 week-----------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------After 3 years of service
1 week--------------------------- ------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s------------------------------------3 w e e k s--------------------------------------------------------------------After 4 years of service
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s---- -------------------------------2 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks -----------------------------------3 w eek s_____________________________________________
After 5 years of service
1 week_______________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s_____________________________________________
See footnotes at end of tables.




i
88

1

10

99
1

19

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a t io n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Jacksonville, F la ., Decem ber 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

9
2
33
2
49
3
1

7
36
47
8
2

6
5
90
-

9
2
26
7
50
3
1

7
21
15
47
8
2

6
5
90
-

9
2
20
53

6

8
1

7
15
49
11
17
2

5
74
16
-

9
2
20
29
3
32
2
1

7
15
28
8
40
2

5
9
70
11
-

9
2
20
27
3
26
9

7
15
23
8
37
8
2

6
5
9
41
38
3

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay 11— Continued

After 10 years of service
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s--- --- ------------------ _
3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s------------------------------------4 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

(9 )
i
26
1
69
1
3

i
33
65
2

_
2
98
-

(9 )
1
25
1
69
1
3

1
33
65
2

_
2
98
-

(9 )
1
14
1
62
11
11
(9 )

1
25
53
20
2

2
83
14
-

(9 )
1
14
35
48
1
(9 )

1
25
37
36
2

2

(9 )
1
12
38
32

1
25
36
32
5
2

-

A fter 12 years of service
1 week---------------------------------------------------- ----------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

After 15 years of service
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s--------- ----------------------2 w eek s------------------------------------------------------------------—
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------6 w eek s_____________________________________________

4

After 20 years of service
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w eek s_____________________________________________
5 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------6 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------

6

5

92
1

After 25 years of service
1 week_______________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s__________________________ ________________
3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w e e k s_____________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s------------------------------------5 weeks _ _ _ _ _ _ —
__ —
_ ------------------6 w eek s_____________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

1
1

7
(9 )

2
5
55
38

20

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t io n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provision s, Jacksonville, F la ., Decem ber 1970)
P lan t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Vacation policy
A ll in d u s tr ie s .

M an u factu rin g

9
2
20
27
3
25
9
2

15
23
8
37
6
4

6
5
9
35
43
3

(9 )
i
12
38
29
21
(’ )

i
25
36
32
5
2

9
2
20
27
3
25
9
2

7
15
23
8
37
6
4

6
5
9
35
43
3

(9 )
12
38
29

1
25
36
32

55

10

5

38

(9 )

2

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

Amount of vacation p a y 11— Continued

After 30 years of service
1 week_______________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s------------------------------------4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s--------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s_____________________________________________

7
-

_
-

2
5
55
38
-

Maximum vacation available
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s------------------------------------2 w eek s_____________________________________________
3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w e e k s--------------------------------------------------------------------5 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------6 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 6 w eeks------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




1

11

2
5
-

21

T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d

p e n s io n

p la n s

(Percent of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Jacksonville, F la ., Decem ber 1970)
Plant workers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

All w orkers--------

-------------------------- ----------------

W orkers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below ------------------

Office workers

A ll industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

96

96

100

99

99

100

Life insurance ------------------ ----------------------------Noncontributory p lan s--------------------------------Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance-------------- ---------------------- --------------Noncontributory p la n s--------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both13__________________________

91
44

8
6

97

25

88

99
43

98
38

99
98

81
35

87
30

94
93

Sickness and accident insurance--------------Noncontributory p la n s--------------------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)------------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)--------------------------------------------

15
16

1
2

37

15

20

37

Hospitalization insurance------- ------ ---------------Noncontributory plans -------------------------- Surgical insurance------------- ----------------------------Noncontributory p la n s------------- --------------Medical insurance--------------------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s-----------------------------M ajor m edical insurance--------------------------------Noncontributory plans ---------- ----------------Dental insurance --------------------------- --------------Noncontributory p lan s--------------------------------Retirement pension------------------------------------------Noncontributory plans _ _ _ ------- -- _ --

94
41
93
41
83
36
71
27

96
33
94
33
90
29
71
16

97

97
43
99
46
93
45
97
43

99

99
98
99
98
99
98
99
98

48
38

58
46

57
57

See footnotes at end of tables.




74
39

2
1

78

93
87

55

47

60

83

75

99

34
14

37
15

32
27

38
27

30

16

5

13

48

39

48

2
2

2
2

88

97

88

97

88

97

88
8
8

1
0

22

98

22

1

97
19
94
19
4

(9 )
75
60

82
46

2

1
6

2
2

56
56

22

F o o tn o te s

A ll of th ese

s ta n d a r d fo o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p ly to t h is b u lle t in .

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
1 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total
0
of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equiv alent
1
time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 1 0 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 w e e k s ' pay or
more after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
plans" include only those plans financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. S ick leave plans ar e
3
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. I n f o r m a l s ick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working sup ervisors; apprentices; learn ers; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O FFIC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL LE R , MACHINE

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

P repares statem ents, b ills , and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter.
May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille r s , machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:

C lass A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting clerical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classification s, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerks.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). U ses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, etc ., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from custom ers' purchase ord ers, internally prepared ord ers, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n ecessary extensions, which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W orks from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.

C lass B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or m ore routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLER K , FILE
C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files.- May lead a sm all group of lower level file clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR

C lass B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ings or partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares simple related index and
cro ss-re fe re n ce aids. A s requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.

C lass C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). A s requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s simple clerical and manual tasks re­
quired to maintain and service files.

C lass A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
C lass B . Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under b iller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
P erform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lis ts , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or assisting in preparing m ore complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

Since the last survey in this area,

CLER K , ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, P A YR O LL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n ecessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for oilers and plumbers.

23

24
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations* This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fre­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definition*.
Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting proce­
dures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform Some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardised source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Itelets to Supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office tnk^
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor Clerical work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintain* a Close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work activities of the supervisor. Works fairly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied Clerical
and secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives telephone Calls,
personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor'* files} (a) maintains
the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relay* message* from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others
for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs
stenographic and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organisation,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary " possess the above characteristic*. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "personal" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or managerial persons; (d) secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m6re
routine or substantially more complex and responsible than those characterised in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult Or more responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial Work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o ffice r," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role With regard to major
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of thi* role, doe* not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for purposes of applying the following level, definition*.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons: or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25,000 persons: or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate officer leVel) Of a major
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25. 000 Person*.




SE C RET ARY—“C ontinued

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a Company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons: or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
C. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer le v e l) over either' a major
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations. etc.) o r a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a major division) of a Company that employs, in all, over 5.000 but fewer than 25.000
employees: or

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5 .060 persons: or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and Important organizational Segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over,25. 000 persons.

Class C

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose subordinate staff
normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; ££
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5.000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 2S or 30 persons); o£
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, dr assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries a* described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from on* or more
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep Simple records; or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. May operate from a Stenographic pool, Poe* not include transcribingmachine, work. (See transcribing-machine operators.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty i* to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such a* in legal briefs or reports On scientific research from ohe or niore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs Stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsi­
bility than stenographer*, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. Uses this khowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
taSk* such as, maintaining followup file*; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing. Intraplant or office calls. Performs full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, Such as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or a* a full-time

25
SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR— Continued

TABU LATIN G -M ACH INE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are h ot readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
C lass B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are referred to another operator.)

C lass B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignm ents typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of larger and m ore com plex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do som e wiring from diagram s. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.
C lass C . Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagram s, and do some filing work.

SWITCHBOARD O PE RA TO R-R EC EP TIO NIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATO R, G ENERAL

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine records.
May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or repqrts on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABU LATIN O-M ACH INE OPERATO R (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
TYPIST
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
p reter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
A lso excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EA M equipment.

U ses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
C lass A . P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines.
Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training lower level
operators in wiring from diagram s and in the operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to selection and insertion
of prewired boards.

C lass A .
P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C lass B . P erform s one or m ore of the following:
Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; routine typing of form s, insurance p olicies, etc.; and setting up simple standard
tabulations, or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to p rocess data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape reels, card s, etc.); switches n ecessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problem s and meet
special conditions; reviews erro rs made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or program er; and maintains operating records. May test and a s s is t in correcting
program .
For wage study purposes,

computer operators are classified as follow s;

C lass A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of erro r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s m ay not be available.
May give
direction and guidance to lower level operators.
C lass B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: M ost of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring b a sis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common error situations,
diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously pro­
gram ed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running program s or segments of program s
with the characteristics described for class A . May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.




C lass C . Works on routine program s under close supervision.
Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex program s.
COMPUTER PROGRAM ER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the precise
instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed.
Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects program s;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers performing both system s analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or program ers prim arily concerned with
scientific and/or engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
C lass A . W orks independently or under only general direction on complex problem s which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired resu lts, m ajor processing steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.

26
COM PUTER PROGRAM ER, BUSINESS— Continued
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment m ust be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to lower level program ers who are assigned to assist.

C lass B . W orks independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
program s, or on sim ple segments of com plex program s.
P rogram s (or segments) usually
p rocess information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records m ay be
processed , the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex program s (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor.
May a s s is t higher level program er by independently p e r­
forming less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fairly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
C lass C . Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to ,v e r ify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
Analyzes business problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer program s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory resu lts; specifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised system s; and recom mends equipment changes to . obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NO TE; W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and programing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

COM PUTER SYSTEMS AN A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the
data processing system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data processing scheme or system , as described for
class A . Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
C lass C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity.
Assignm ents are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for system s analysis work. For example,
m ay a ssist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. W orks in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts.
W orks with a minimum of supervisory assistance.
Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B . P erform s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C lass C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le ss complete when assignm ents recur. Work m ay be spot-checked during progress.
D R A FT SM AN -TR AC ER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
A N D /O R

Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes,

system s analysts are classified as follow s:

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general direction on com plex problems
involving all phases of system s analysis. Problem s are com plex because of diverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons con­
cerned to determine the data processing problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the implications of new or revised system s of data processing operations.
Makes recom ­
mendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who are assigned to
as sist.
C lass B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. Problem s are of limited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related.
(For example, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank.




Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during pro gress.

Work is closely supervised

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or system s by perform ing one or more
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following tasks: Assem blin g, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic system s, subsystem s, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.
Electronic equipment or system s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications system s, relay system s, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar system s; radio and television transmitting or recording system s; elec­
tronic com puters; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control system s; industrial and medical
m easuring, indicating, and controlling devices; etc.
(Exclude production assem b lers and testers, craftsm en, draftsm en, designers, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment as office m achines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

27
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)— Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction\ to ill or
injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records

of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carry­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CAR PE N TER , M AINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P e rform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a variety
of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of m etal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELEC TR ICIAN, M AINTENANCE
P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an
establishment.
W ork involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, tran sform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit
breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working
from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in
the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements
of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and testing instrum ents.
In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning.
Work involves; Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and refrig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o iler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPE R, M AINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman.
The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M AC H IN E -TO O L O PERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n ecessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-in d u stry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




M ECHANIC, AUTOM OTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, bu ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most_of_the_following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is­
assem bling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the various
assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ecessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tre sse s, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transm ission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. W ork involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail
holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIP E F IT TE R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling

28
PIP E F IT TE R , M AINTENANCE— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p re ssu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes meet specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required.
In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-in d u stry wage study purposes,
shops are excluded from this classification.

tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using arm s or force where necessary.
Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of employees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR,

PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves; Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining neces­
sary records and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance service s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w are­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order.
D riv er-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s:
(T ra ctor-tra iler should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, customers* orders, or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V tons)
2
Truckdriver, medium (lV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER,

POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following; Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers a;re classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than fo rklift)

"fr u. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1971 0-432-467 (23)

A re a W a g e

S u rv e y s

A lis t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e t in s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d stu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H o u r D i v i s i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1970___________________________________
A lb a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970----------------A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . - N . J . , M a y 1970 1
—
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1970 1__________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1970 1_____________________________
B e a u m o n C - P o r t A r t h u i—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -------B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1970 ____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970___________________________
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, N o v. 1970 1 ----------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ______________________________
B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1 ________________________________
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r . 1970_______________________________
C a nton, O h i o , M a y 1970 1_________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1-------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 ------------------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970----------------------------------------------------C in c in n a t i, Ohicr-K y.—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 __________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1970 1 ____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1970 1_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t —R o c k Isla nd—M o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
O ct. 1969 1_________________________________________________
D a yton , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 6 9 _________________ - __ - ___________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1970_________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, M a y 1970 1 ___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1 ___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 _____________________________ _
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1970_________________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct . 1970 1 ___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1971 1______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1970 1__________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1970 1__________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1970 1________
L it tle R o c k - N o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 1_____
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—I n d . , N o v . 1970__________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u ly 1970 1 ___________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . , N o v . 1970_______________________
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v. 1 9 7 0 1 -------------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971__________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
M in neapolis—
St. P a u l , M in n . , Jan. 1971________________

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1685-18,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1685-21,
1 6 8 5- 1 1,
1685-43,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1685-28,
1685-33,
1685-22,

30
30
35
35
50
50
30
30
30
35
50
50
25
35
35
40
35
60
35
50
40
50

cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
cents
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1685-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1685-25,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685-37,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1 6 8 5- 1,

35
30
35
35
35
35
35
30
35
40
35
35
45
35
35

ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1660-64,
1685-27,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1685-30,
1685-29,
1685-40,
1660-74,
1685-44,

45
30
35
35
30
40
30
50
40

ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , June 1970 1_____ 1 6 6 0 - 8 5 ,
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1970 1-------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 4 7 ,
New H av e n, C o n n . , Jan. 1971------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 5 ,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1971 1___________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 6 ,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 8 9 ,
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , Jan. 1970 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 9 ,
O k l a h o m a C it y , O k la . , J u ly 1970_________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 ,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1970 1 ________________________ 1 6 8 5- 14,
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1970 ! __________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 7 ,
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1970_______________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 4 ,
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 7 0 ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1970 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 6 0 ,
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v . 1970______________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 1 9 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1970 1_____________________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 7 ,
P r o v i d e n e e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R .I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 6 0 - 7 2 ,
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 1------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5- 12,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 6 5 ,
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
A u g . 1970------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 7 ,
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 7 5 ,
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1970___________________________
1660-66,
1685-26,
Salt L a ke C it y , Utah, N ov. 1970 1-----------------------------------San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1970_____________________________
1660-71,
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 1970 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 2 ,
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v. 1970--------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 0 ,
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct . 1970______________ 1 6 8 5 - 2 3 ,
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970----------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 3 ,
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1970 1________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 0 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 ,
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1970_______________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 2 ,
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1970 1_________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 8 ,
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1970 1------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 6 2 ,
Sp o k a n e , W a s h . , June 1970 1 --------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 8 6 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 8 ,
Tampar-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970_________________ 16 8 5- 17,
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1970___________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 6 ,
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 ----------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 15,
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 9 ,
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 9 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1970 1___________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 4 ,
W a t e r l o o , Io w a , N o v. 1970 1______________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 2 ,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 6 9 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1 ___________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 8 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1970 1--------------------------- ---------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 6 3 ,
Y o u n g s to w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v. 1970__________________
1685-24,

35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
75 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y FOR P R IV A T E USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
!-------------------------------------------------------------

FIRST CLASS MAIL